WorldWideScience

Sample records for students teachers librarians

  1. Perceptions of Pennsylvania School Librarians Regarding Their Role in Providing Copyright Advice to Students, Teacher, and Administrators in Their School

    Kell, Susan E.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the perceptions of Pennsylvania school librarians about the role they play in providing copyright guidance to the students, teachers, and administrators in their school during the 2011-2012 school year. Using two electronic mailing lists for Pennsylvania school librarians, the researcher posted an email asking…

  2. The School Librarian as Instructional Partner: Team up with Teachers to Guide Student Learning

    Hand, Dorcas

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author describes the "History as Story" project that has become important to the Annunciation Orthodox School (AOS) and the teachers in many ways. Patience, persistence, and quiet support of individual teachers' projects demonstrated the breadth of possibility if they would collaborate with the school librarian. Teachers do…

  3. Becoming Teacher-Librarian 2.0

    Anita Mary Brooks Kirkland

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the place of Web 2.0 social software in the school library program. It examines the potential of this technology for enhancing teaching and learning, and the implications for students' information literacy. The article suggests ways for teacher-librarians to engage in professional learning to increase their knowledge of this evolving field.

  4. The Effects of Teacher and Teacher-librarian High-end Collaboration on Inquiry-based Project Reports and School Monthly Test Scores of Fifth-grade Students

    Hai-Hon Chen

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was twofold. The first purpose was to establish the high level collaboration of integrated instruction model between social studies teacher and teacher-librarian. The second purpose was to investigate the effects of high-end collaboration on the individual and groups inquiry-based project reports, as well as monthly test scores of fifth-grade students. A quasi-experimental method was adopted, two classes of elementary school fifth graders in Tainan Municipal city, Taiwan were used as samples. Students were randomly assigned to experimental conditions by class. Twenty eight students of the experimental group were taught by the collaboration of social studies teacher and teacher-librarian; while 27 students of the controlled group were taught separately by teacher in didactic teaching method. Inquiry-Based Project Record, Inquiry-Based Project Rubrics, and school monthly test scores were used as instruments for collecting data. A t-test and correlation were used to analyze the data. The results indicate that: (1 High-end collaboration model between social studies teacher and teacher-librarian was established and implemented well in the classroom. (2There was a significant difference between the experimental group and the controlled group in individual and groups inquiry-based project reports. Students that were taught by the collaborative teachers got both higher inquiry-based project reports scores than those that were taught separately by the teachers. Experimental groups students got higher school monthly test scores than controlled groups. Suggestions for teachers high-end collaboration and future researcher are provided in this paper.

  5. Student Perceptions of Academic Librarians

    Hernon, Peter; Pastine, Maureen

    1977-01-01

    Questionnaire and Interview techniques were used at the University of Nebraska at Omaha to study full-time student perceptions of the educational role of academic librarians. Results emphasize the existence of vague, contradictory, and erroneous perceptions held about academic librarianship. (Author)

  6. The personal librarian enhancing the student experience

    Moniz, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Enter the Personal Librarian, a flexible concept that focuses on customizing information literacy by establishing a one-on-one relationship between librarian and student from enrollment through graduation

  7. Teacher librarians, technology, and collaborative connections: A case study of teacher librarians from a communities of practice perspective

    Clark, Hazel Grace

    2006-01-01

    The role of teacher librarians is changing in an era increasingly influenced by information and communication technology ( 1 0 . The goal of this study was to document and analyze the work of teacher librarians and how it contributes to the delivery of educational programs. The work of a group of six teacher librarians was examined as an example of a community of practice. Email messages, field notes, and artifacts representing the work of these teacher librarians were collected over five mon...

  8. Interpretation of Information into Knowledge in Design Based Education: the Roles of Teachers, Students and Librarians

    ztrk, Ay?e; Kkcan, Berrin

    2006-01-01

    Architectural education is one of the design based education system. Its objective is to enable architectural students to develop their design skills while teaching them the basic principles and how to approach to a building design. The design studio which is the core process of the architectural education combines all relevant information derived from various disciplines and interprets them into knowledge. Then the students can create an architectural design of a building. Libraries are the ...

  9. The Teacher-Librarian in the 21st Century.

    School Libraries in Canada, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Includes 17 articles that address the role of Canadian teacher-librarians in the future. Highlights include curriculum development; instructional leadership; international perspectives; educating teacher-librarians; administrative support; teaching information literacy; the UNESCO school library manifesto; Ontario's school library information

  10. Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students: A Programmatic Assessment

    Melanon, Jrme; Goebel, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    The Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students (PLAS) program at the University of Alberta (UofA) is a creative outgrowth of the growing Personal Librarian programs in academic libraries, in which a student is partnered with an individual librarian for the academic year. In the case of the UofA's PLAS program, first-year undergraduate students who

  11. Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students: A Programmatic Assessment

    Melançon, Jérôme; Goebel, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    The Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students (PLAS) program at the University of Alberta (UofA) is a creative outgrowth of the growing Personal Librarian programs in academic libraries, in which a student is partnered with an individual librarian for the academic year. In the case of the UofA's PLAS program, first-year undergraduate students who…

  12. Collegial Librarians: The Faculty-Librarian-Student Partnership in Distance Education

    Carrico, Kent; Neff, Ariel

    2012-01-01

    Distance librarians working with graduate programs often discover many of their students have specialized information needs and require additional instruction. However, it can be impossible to discover these students without first becoming deeply involved with the program. Librarians at Benedictine University have developed a method for becoming…

  13. Becoming Teacher-Librarian 2.0

    Anita Brooks Kirkland

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available If you’ve visited a school library recently, you’ll know that it’s a very social place. Theonly straight rows you will see in this classroom are in the stacks. Collaboration is thefocus of teaching and learning strategies in the school library program. Teacherlibrarianscollaborate with classroom teachers to plan, teach and assess research units.The instructional approach in the library is constructivist, with students creating theirown understanding, most often through collaborative activities, and the conversationcontinues with the school library providing fundamental support for independent readingand engagement in reading. There is no program in the school that is better suited toexploiting the possibilities of social software.

  14. Internet Censorship Issues for Teacher-Librarians.

    Schrader, Alvin

    1999-01-01

    Describes and critiques emerging issues about Internet access in schools and school libraries. Discusses software products for filtering and rating expressive content on the Internet, reader-response-theory implications for filtering and rating Internet content, ambiguities, and the role of school librarians and acceptable-use policies. (AEF)

  15. Ageism in Literature. An Analysis Kit for Teachers and Librarians.

    Dodson, Anita E.; Hause, Judith B.

    This kit contains two components which will help teachers and librarians become aware of the problems of ageism in literature and examine materials currently in use. The first component, entitled "Problems of Ageism in Literature," is a brief, but comprehensive, position paper on the particular ways in which literature may adversely affect the

  16. Expert Systems: An Overview for Teacher-Librarians.

    Orwig, Gary; Barron, Ann

    1992-01-01

    Provides an overview of expert systems for teacher librarians. Highlights include artificial intelligence and expert systems; the development of the MYCIN medical expert system; rule-based expert systems; the use of expert system shells to develop a specific system; and how to select an appropriate application for an expert system. (11 references)…

  17. The Privacy Problem: Although School Librarians Seldom Discuss It, Students' Privacy Rights Are under Attack

    Adams, Helen R.

    2011-01-01

    Every day in school libraries nationwide, students' privacy rights are under attack, but many principals, teachers, parents, and community members do not know much about these rights. Even though school librarians are among the strongest proponents of privacy, the subject is rarely discussed, probably because state and federal laws can be…

  18. Union-Active School Librarians and School Library Advocacy: A Modified Case Study of the British Columbia Teacher-Librarians' Association and the British Columbia Teachers' Federation

    Ewbank, Ann Dutton

    2015-01-01

    This modified case study examines how the members of the British Columbia Teacher-Librarians' Association (BCTLA), a Provincial Specialist Association (PSA) of the British Columbia Teachers' Federation (BCTF), work together to advocate for strong school library programs headed by a credentialed school librarian. Since 2002, despite nullification…

  19. Skeletal Relations: A School Librarian, a Teacher, and a Scientist Develop an Anatomy Lesson--with Games!--for Third Graders

    Wolf, Sara; Sumner, Andrea M.; de Freitas, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Creating a game for third-grade students that school librarians and teachers can use in their school libraries and classrooms is a unique challenge, especially if that game is based on teaching anatomy. But that's exactly what an instructional team from Auburn University in Alabama decided to do. The team--which consisted of a school librarian who…

  20. The role of a school librarian in introducing students to research work in high school

    Majda Steinbuch

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the final goals of high school education is to prepare students to be able to master independently written form of expression. Therefore, during all four years of schooling, they are introduced to the contents required for independent research work.In this process, school librarian has an important role. With the curriculum of library and information skills (LIS, the school library participates in different phases of the research process from first year of high school on, helping students and mentors find themes for their research, retrieve, select, use and evaluate information sources, as well as with citing, bibliography and presentation. The librarian as the expert for retrieving and organization is a co-mentor of research work, together with teachers who are professionals in their respective professional fields. Because of special information needs, the librarian cooperates with other libraries, takes care of interlibrary loan and organizes a local collection of graduate and other research works making them freely accesible.The article presents different forms of research work of students on the case of Maribor High School II, some of them regular and obligatory in the education process and some of them chosen freely, and the role of librarian as an intermediate element in this process.The article also presents the opinions of teachers on research work in school and the role of schoollibrary and schoollibrarians in this process.

  1. The Effect of Professional Development on Teacher and Librarian Collaboration: Preliminary Findings Using a Revised Instrument, TLC-III

    Montiel-Overall, Patricia; Hernandez, Anthony C. R.

    2012-01-01

    This study describes preliminary results of a study with elementary school teachers and librarians. Professional-development intervention workshops were conducted to improve teacher and school librarian collaboration to integrate library and subject content. A revised 24-item teacher and school librarian collaboration instrument (TLC-III) was used…

  2. A Librarian's Perspective on Research.

    Johnston, Kathryn A.

    1999-01-01

    Argues that librarians are natural collaborators with English teachers to improve education and support lifelong learning, assisting students in their learning and supporting teachers in their efforts to update skills and knowledge. Discusses how librarians can help with appropriate research assignments, finding the right sources, evaluating

  3. Faculty and Librarians Unite! How Two Librarians and One Faculty Member Developed an Information Literacy Strategy for Distance Education Students

    Easter, Jennifer; Bailey, Sharon; Klages, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    Librarians know that collaboration with faculty is crucial when developing effective information literacy initiatives. Our case study, based on the ADDIE model of instructional design, set out to determine if a collaborative approach between faculty and librarians could effectively support students in a distance education course. Set in a small…

  4. Librarian participation in expanding the pool of potential medical students.

    Guerrieri, Rose

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on the results of an exploratory survey to determine if librarians actively participate in medical school student recruiting programs. It looks specifically at what librarians are doing to assist with recruitment and what biomedical career resources their libraries offer. The survey link was e-mailed to all U.S. medical school library directors, who were asked to forward it to the appropriate librarian. Out of 113 medical schools, 68 (60%) responded to most questions. Forty-three (86%) of 50 item respondents do participate in such activities, and 29 (67%) of 43 item respondents have been doing so for more than five years. Thirty-two (64%) of 50 item respondents provide resources on biomedical careers in the libraries. PMID:22289096

  5. Preparing Pre-Service School Librarians for Science-Focused Collaboration with Pre-Service Elementary Teachers: The Design and Impact of a Cross-Class Assignment

    Rawson, Casey H.

    2015-01-01

    Numerous authors in the library and information science (LIS) field have called for more authentic collaborative experiences for students in school librarian education programs, particularly experiences that partner school library students with pre-service teachers to collaboratively design instruction. The first-iteration, design-based study…

  6. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development

    Joyce Yukawa; Violet H. Harada

    2009-01-01

    Objective This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term re...

  7. Training the Resourcers - Librarians, Teacher-Training and Telematics in the European Context.

    Pye, Jo; Myhill, Martin

    This paper describes the Telematics for Teacher Training Project (T3) Work Package 08, which aims to evaluate, assess, and produce course materials to respond to the information needs of librarians supporting teacher trainers and trainees in higher education institutions across Europe. The increasing use of educational technology to deliver more…

  8. Looking toward the Future: Competences for 21st-Century Teacher-Librarians

    de Groot, Joanne; Branch, Jennifer L.

    2011-01-01

    What are the core competences required by teacher-librarians for developing exemplary school library programs in 21st-century schools? This article reports on a study that explored the experiences and attitudes of graduates from the Teacher Librarianship by Distance Learning program at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Key findings from this…

  9. Serving Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Students: Strategies for the School Librarian. ERIC Digest.

    Dame, Melvina Azar

    This digest discusses ways that the school librarian in one high school fostered a positive environment in the school library for English-as-a-Second-Language students and broadened the role of the school library in effecting literacy experiences for these students. The digest addresses how one school librarian made the library a welcoming place…

  10. The librarian's role in an enrichment program for high school students interested in the health professions.

    Rossini, Beverly; Burnham, Judy; Wright, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    Librarians from the University of South Alabama Biomedical Library partnered to participate in a program that targets minority students interested in health care with instruction in information literacy. Librarians participate in the summer enrichment programs designed to encourage minority students to enter health care professions by enhancing their preparation. The curriculum developed by the Biomedical Library librarians is focused on developing information searching skills. Students indicated that the library segment helped them in their library research efforts and helped them make more effective use of available resources. Librarians involved report a sense of self-satisfaction as the program allows them to contribute to promoting greater diversity in health care professions. Participating in the summer enrichment program has been beneficial to the students and librarians. PMID:23394421

  11. Rethinking library service to distance education students: analyzing the embedded librarian model.

    Sullo, Elaine; Harrod, Tom; Butera, Gisela; Gomes, Alexandra

    2012-01-01

    Since fall 2009, reference librarians at The George Washington University's Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library have been embedded in online classes through Blackboard within the School of Nursing and School of Medicine and Health Sciences. The authors sought to determine the types of questions asked of the librarian, with the goal of informing future interactions with distance education classes to help develop a standard "protocol" for working with this population of students. Eighty-two questions were categorized and qualitatively analyzed. The findings have prompted librarians to explore tools such as Elluminate Live!, a tool that allows librarians to provide synchronous instruction within the Blackboard environment. PMID:22289093

  12. Searching for the Formula: How Librarians Teach Chemistry Graduate Students Research Skills

    Fong, Bonnie L.

    2014-01-01

    An exploratory study was conducted in Summer 2012 in an effort to determine what librarians in the United States are doing to teach chemistry graduate students research skills. Chemistry librarians at ARL (Association of Research Libraries) institutions were surveyed about the content they teach; when, where, and how they present it; and what

  13. Degrees of Impact: Analyzing the Effects of Progressive Librarian Course Collaborations on Student Performance

    Booth, Char; Lowe, M. Sara; Tagge, Natalie; Stone, Sean M.

    2015-01-01

    The Claremont Colleges Library conducted direct rubric assessment of Pitzer College First-Year Seminar research papers to analyze the impact of diverse levels of librarian course collaborations on information literacy (IL) performance in student writing. Findings indicate that progressive degrees of librarian engagement in IL-related course…

  14. Teaching Outside the Box: ARL Librarians' Integration of the "One- Box" into Student Instruction

    Kulp, Christina; McCain, Cheryl; Scrivener, Laurie

    2014-01-01

    This article reports the results of a survey that targeted reference and instruction librarians who work at libraries that are members of the Asso- ciation of Research Libraries (ARL). Respondents were asked to indicate whether or not they teach students to use the one-box tool, and why or why not. Based on the responses of the 352 librarians who…

  15. Degrees of Impact: Analyzing the Effects of Progressive Librarian Course Collaborations on Student Performance

    Booth, Char; Lowe, M. Sara; Tagge, Natalie; Stone, Sean M.

    2015-01-01

    The Claremont Colleges Library conducted direct rubric assessment of Pitzer College First-Year Seminar research papers to analyze the impact of diverse levels of librarian course collaborations on information literacy (IL) performance in student writing. Findings indicate that progressive degrees of librarian engagement in IL-related course

  16. Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008): 51-71.

    Virginia Wilson

    2008-01-01

    Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundati...

  17. Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.

    Virginia Wilson

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for new academic librarians”(64. Regarding continuing and professional education, Walter concludes that “this study suggests that there are a number ofimportant questions about the content and conduct of these opportunities for instruction librarians that have not been explored in the literature” (64. Finally, Walter concludes that “this study suggests that there is an important connectionbetween research on student perceptions of academic librarians, the study of teacher identity, and the future of the profession”(64.

  18. Information-seeking behavior of nursing students and clinical nurses: implications for health sciences librarians*

    Dee, Cheryl; Stanley, Ellen E.

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: This research was conducted to provide new insights on clinical nurses' and nursing students' current use of health resources and libraries and deterrents to their retrieval of electronic clinical information, exploring implications from these findings for health sciences librarians.

  19. Beyond the Stacks: How Librarians Support Students and Schools

    Freeman, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    There are many different job titles for this position around the country: school librarian, library media specialist, information technology specialist, research technology specialist, and library media coordinator. The position has changed from primarily a traditional librarian position to a balance of teaching and librarianship, and it's…

  20. Cross Cultural Studies for Teacher-Librarians. Final Report.

    Yee, Hua Min; And Others

    This project was designed to establish a national center for cross cultural studies in library science and library-related teacher education, to develop a collection of teaching resources for community languages and cultures, and to promote multicultural perspectives within school/teacher librarianship courses in Australia. The first of six

  1. Attitudes of Teacher Education Students toward Teachers.

    Miller, A. H.; And Others

    Cognitive dissonance theory implies that teacher education students will optimally internalize and most fully use pedagogical learnings compatible with their attitude systems. In order to determine the self-reported attitudes of teacher education students toward teachers, a pilot-study sample of graduate students reacted to four teacher-types…

  2. Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003: 67‐88. 24 May 2007

    Gayle Bogel

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Likert style, and open‐ended responses.Setting – Twelfth‐grade students from four high schools in one district in Nova Scotia. Total participants: 198.Subjects – Questionnaires were analyzed from 243 general practitioners, practice nurses, and practice managers in four Nottingham primary care trusts as well as practices in the Rotherham Health Authority area.Methods – Four research questions guided this study: 1. What strategies and techniques do students use that are helpful for information‐seeking on the Internet? 2. What knowledge do students have of the different World Wide Web search engines? 3. How do students perceive their ability to locate information for school purposes on the Internet? 4. How do students learn how to seek information on the Internet for school related assignments? The survey was developed through a literature review of previous research. Each survey item reflected a theme and one of the four research questions. The survey was field tested in a pilot study with two twelfth‐grade students, and two twelfth grade English classes.The sample was assembled by asking principals at the four schools to identify two classes in each of their schools that represented mixed academic abilities. Three schools chose English classes, and one school chose math classes participate in the study. All students had agreed to be a part of the study and only students present in class on the day the questionnaire was given were represented. No effort was made to include students who were absent. Results were tabulated as percentages of responses, and presented in tables related to the themes of the four research questions.Main results – Throughout the study, students reported very few strategies for effective Internet searching. They cited friends and family members rather than teachers as their main sources for support, and reported self‐taught trial and error as the most common method of learning search strategies. Despite their lack of effectiveness, most students considered themselves “good” or “very good” at finding the information they need for school purposes. Most of the students used very few of the strategies associated with effective searching that have been stated in prior research studies.• Research Question One: Use of Strategies and Techniques for Information‐Seeking on the Internet Only 15% of students used Boolean operators regularly. Over 70% of students did not know how to eliminate commercial sites, use particular features, limit searches to recently updatedp ages or limit searches to the title section of a Web page.• Research Question Two: Knowledge of World Wide Web Search Engines. Google was the overwhelming choice, with 66.7% percent of students reporting that they used it regularly. Other search engines were used from 0 to 22%.• Research Question Three: Students’ Perception of Their Information‐Seeking Ability on the Internet 81.3 % of students reported their abilities as good or very good. Only 5% felt their abilities were poor.• Research Question Four: How Students Learn What They Know About Information‐Seeking on the Internet 72.7% reported self‐teaching strategies. 39.8% relied on friends or classmates, 36.8 % relied on teachers. 2.5% reported librarians as a source Of the students who reported self‐teaching,53% used trial and error, 6.6% used help screens and 4% searched for assistance. 80.8% of students who reported teachers as a source for learning information strategie swere taught in computer‐related classes, rather than in content area classes across the disciplines. Although only 72% of students reported having Internet access at home, 64% stated that they used the Internet more at home than at school to find information fo rschool‐related assignments. 46.3% of students with no Internet access at home rated their perception of searching ability as poor, compared to only 8.3% of students who did have Internet access at home.Conclusion – The researchers state that actual practice in Nova Scotia schools does not reflect the standard instructional strategy of modeling as recognized by the Nova Scotia Department of Education. They feel that the results of this study show that very little modeling is being done by classroom teachers; that the modeling is instead being done by peers and family at home. This magnifies the disparity in effective skills for those who do not have Internet access at home. They also note that the goal of integrating search strategy instruction across the disciplines is not being reached. The researchers suggest two ways to offer the needed instruction: compulsory classes in information seeking for all students, or the hiring of teacher‐librarians to support instruction in the schools, working collaboratively in all disciplines. Research supporting the presence of teacher librarians in teaching effective information literacy skills, including Internet searching, is noted.

  3. Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research Guides

    Sinkinson, Caroline; Alexander, Stephanie; Hicks, Alison; Kahn, Meredith

    2012-01-01

    This article details an open card sort study administered to undergraduate students, graduate students, and librarians at the University of Colorado at Boulder in order to reveal perceptions of library research guides. The study identifies user group preferences for organization and content of research guides, as well as themes emerging from the…

  4. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development

    Joyce Yukawa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term results of participation in this initiative.Methods – The authors used an interpretive, participative approach. The first author was the external reviewer for the project; the second author headed the development team and served as a participant-observer. Triangulated data were collected from participants in the form of learning logs, discussion board postings, interviews, questionnaires, and learning portfolios consisting of unit and lesson plans and student work samples with critiques. Data were also collected from the professional development designers in the form of meeting notes, responses to participants, interviews, and course documents. For two years following the end of the formal course, the authors also conducted follow-up email correspondence with all teams and site visits with six teams to determine sustained or expanded implementation of inquiry-focused, collaborative curriculum development. Results – The practice-based approach to professional development required continual modification of the course design and timely, individualized mentoring and feedback, based on analysis and co-reflection by the developers on the evidence gathered through participant logs, reports, and school site visits. Modeling the inquiry process in their own course development work and making this process transparent to the participating community were essential to improvement. Course participants reported beneficial results in both immediate and long-term changes in practice. The summative evaluation identified significant changes in practice in three areas: (1 the design of inquiry-focused learning, (2 the roles of the teacher and librarian in collaborative development of instruction, and (3 the impact on student performance. Two years after the yearlong professional development course, most participants indicated that they continued to incorporate inquiry-based approaches, and over half of the participants were involving other colleagues at their schools in inquiry-focused practices. Six of the librarians assumed major curricular roles in their respective schools. Conclusion – The practice-based model of professional development appears to be effective and sustainable. It has been tested and modified by other development teams in the last two years. More extensive use of the model in other contexts with further testing and refinement by other developers is needed to ensure that the model is robust and widely applicable.

  5. A Guide For School Librarians.

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Instruction, Harrisburg. Bureau of General and Academic Education.

    Many library administration methods for dealing with routine matters are suggested in this manual. It is addressed to administrators, teachers, librarianship students and especially school librarians and library technicians at all grade levels. School library philosophies, rationales and objectives are presented. A model philosophy and policy…

  6. Why Did a U.S. Secondary School District Retain Teacher-Librarians in a Time of Economic Crisis? A Case Study

    Ewbank, Ann Dutton

    2010-01-01

    The number of U.S. teacher-librarians has greatly diminished despite advocacy efforts by stakeholders. This case study investigated the factors that led governing board members in a mid-sized urban high school district to retain certified teacher-librarian positions despite a major economic crisis. Themes constructed through the analysis were:

  7. Collaboration Is Key: Librarians and Composition Instructors Analyze Student Research and Writing

    Barratt, Caroline Cason; Nielsen, Kristin; Desmet, Christy; Balthazor, Ron

    2009-01-01

    This study describes a collaborative research project between two composition instructors and two librarians that analyzed citation patterns among students in the First-year Composition Program at the University of Georgia. Built upon earlier bibliometric studies, this study seeks not only to examine a large data set of citations--larger than was…

  8. Improving Social Work Students' Information Literacy Skills: A Faculty and Librarian Collaboration

    Johnson, O. J.; Whitfield, J. S.; Grohe, B.

    2011-01-01

    The authors present a case study examining a university library initiative intended to increase students' information literacy through effective collaboration with teaching faculty--specifically, the collaboration between an academic librarian and a social work professor. The professor participated in the information literacy initiative and

  9. [Students as teachers

    Gustafsson, A.; Ringsted, C.

    2008-01-01

    The concept of near-peer teaching is reviewed in this article. Theories of learning support the rationale for using students as teachers by explaining how near-peers as opposed to experts may have a superior understanding of the needs of the taught students and a better basis for identifying and...... addressing their problems. Empirical studies support these theories and show that high levels of satisfaction are associated with near-peer teaching without compromising the learning outcome. In addition, student teachers achieve a substantial learning benefit from teaching. Much more research is needed into...

  10. Developing the Capacity of Teacher-Librarians to Meet the Diverse Needs of All Schoolchildren: Project ENABLE

    Myhill, William N.; Hill, Renee Franklin; Link, Kristen; Small, Ruth V.; Bunch, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    US school libraries are required to ensure that schoolchildren and school staff with disabilities have equal opportunity to use and benefit from library facilities and information services under federal law. However, evidence indicates teacher-librarians (TLs) often lack the training, knowledge and skills to provide programmes and services that

  11. Why dont undergraduate students ask librarians for help? Academic help-seeking information behavior : preliminary results of a case study

    Hernndez Prez, Oskar

    2013-01-01

    Librarians can offer crucial assistance to undergraduate students during the years that they spend at the faculty doing academic research. These information professionals can advise students on a varied range of issues related to informational behavior, and particularly librarians can play a critical role in helping students. However, literature in the field suggests that undergraduate students rarely ask librarians for help; instead of that, students seek assistance from professors, friends ...

  12. International Students' Experiences of University Libraries and Librarians

    Hughes, Hilary

    2010-01-01

    International students constitute a significant proportion of the Australian university population, and thus of the university library-using population. Drawing on qualitative research findings, this paper discusses the library-related experiences and perceptions of international students at two Australian universities. While the students'

  13. International Students' Experiences of University Libraries and Librarians

    Hughes, Hilary

    2010-01-01

    International students constitute a significant proportion of the Australian university population, and thus of the university library-using population. Drawing on qualitative research findings, this paper discusses the library-related experiences and perceptions of international students at two Australian universities. While the students'…

  14. Collaborating with Librarians to Keep Students Focused on Standards

    Fenn, Jane P.; Furness, Irene

    2006-01-01

    This article describes how school libraries can support a rewarding collaborative effort with the school's physical education teachers by offering reading materials such as commercially available sports information packets, fiction and nonfiction books, Web sites, and magazine or newspaper articles available in hard copy or online. Such a program

  15. Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports for…

  16. Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports for

  17. Student Perceptions of Information Literacy: Insights for Librarians.

    Seamans, Nancy H.

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study at Virginia Tech that interviewed first-year students in order to better understand the kinds of information they needed and how they acquired it during their first semester at college. Discusses electronic information resources, search strategies, focusing the information retrieved, legal and ethical issues, and evaluating

  18. Value and Impact of Librarians' Interventions on Student Skills Development

    Shreeve, Sue; Chelin, Jacqueline

    2014-01-01

    The research aimed to discover the perceived impact and to identify the value of four information skills teaching interventions within the curriculum in three faculties at the University of the West of England. Faculty and library staff interviews and student focus groups were used to gather evidence about the perceived impact of the…

  19. On the Road to Student Success. How School Librarians Leave No Child Behind; Accountability and the School Teacher Librarian; Looking for the Evidence: Do School Libraries Improve Student Achievement?; Strategic Directions and Newer Dilemmas for Teacher-Librarians and School Library Resource Centres; The School Library: Accountability for Student Learning; Making Library Programs Count; Accelerated Reader: Does It Work? If So, Why?; Improving Satisfaction Levels: Playing a Political Game; Accountability and School Libraries: The Principal's Viewpoint; Vive la Difference: Gender, Motivation and Achievement; Integrated Library Program; Canadian Coalition for School Libraries Update; Block Grassroots Projects; On the Other Hand.

    Lance, Keith Curry; Loertscher, David V.; Woolls, Blanche; Oberg, Dianne; Haycock, Ken; Dotten, Rose; Koechlin, Carol; Zwaan, Sandi; Krashen, Stephen; Coupal, Linda; Sykes, Judith; Kitchenham, Andrew; Arnold, Judy; Lorinc, John; Gunn, Holly; Hamilton, Donald; Caldwell, John

    2002-01-01

    Includes 14 articles that explore school library programs based on quantifiable data and serious investigation. Topics include libraries and student success; accountability; political issues; principals' attitudes; gender; and motivation. (LRW)

  20. Continual evolution: the experience over three semesters of a librarian embedded in an online evidence-based medicine course for physician assistant students.

    Kealey, Shannon

    2011-01-01

    This column examines the experience, over three years, of a librarian embedded in an online Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine course, which is a requirement for students pursuing a Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies at Pace University. Student learning outcomes were determined, a video lecture was created, and student learning was assessed via a five-point Blackboard test during year one. For years two and three, the course instructor asked the librarian to be responsible for two weeks of course instruction and a total of 15 out of 100 possible points for the course. This gave the librarian flexibility to measure additional outcomes and gather more in-depth assessment data. The librarian then used the assessment data to target areas for improvement in the lessons and Blackboard tests. Revisions made by the librarian positively affected student achievement of learning outcomes, as measured by the assessment conducted the subsequent semester. Plans for further changes are also discussed. PMID:22040247

  1. Student Behavior Patterns Contributing to Teacher Burnout.

    Friedman, Isaac A.

    1995-01-01

    Two studies examined how student behavior patterns contributed to predicting teacher burnout, highlighting male and female teachers possessing different pupil control ideologies. Teacher and student surveys indicated that student behavior had different effects on teacher functioning within different school cultures. Student disrespect,…

  2. Instructional role of librarians in higher education

    Raman Nair, R.

    1994-01-01

    Considers that education is centrally and necessarily concerned with the transmission of knowledge. Conservation of knowledge its transmission to the new generations and facilitating advancement of the frontiers of knowledge are the main objectives of higher education. The teachers stimulate in the students a genuine desire for scholarship by introducing, explaining and commenting on the subject matter. Librarian brings the student into living contact with knowledge generated in that subject ...

  3. Teachers' questions and responses during teacher-student feedback dialogues

    Dekker-Groen, Agaath; van der Schaaf, Marieke; Stokking, Karel

    2015-01-01

    In vocational education, students have to develop competences for reflection to self-regulate their development during their career. Students' reflection can be supported by teachers interacting with students and giving them prompts. In this study, 46 videotaped feedback dialogues of 23 teachers and their individual students were analysed. A total of 16 teachers participated in a training programme and 7 teachers formed a control group. The study aimed to investigate teachers' questions and r...

  4. Working Together: Librarian and Student Collaboration for Active Learning in a Library Eclassroom

    Marcie Lynne Jacklin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Active learning strategies based on several learning theories were incorporated during instruction sessions for second year Biological Sciences students. The instructional strategies described in this paper are based primarily on sociocultural and collaborative learning theory, with the goal being to expand the relatively small body of literature currently available that discusses the application of these learning theories to library instruction. The learning strategies employed successfully involved students in the learning process ensuring that the experiences were appropriate and effective. The researchers found that, as a result of these strategies (e.g. teaching moments based on the emerging needs of students students’ interest in learning information literacy was increased and students interacted with information given to them as well as with their peers. Collaboration between the Librarians, Co-op Student and Senior Lab Instructor helped to enhance the learning experience for students and also revealed new aspects of the active learning experiences. The primary learning objective, which was to increase the students’ information skills in the Biological Sciences, was realized. The advantages of active learning were realized by both instructors and students. Advantages for students attained during these sessions include having their diverse learning styles addressed; increased interaction with and retention of information; increased responsibility for their own learning; the opportunity to value not only the instructors, but also themselves and their peers as sources of authority and knowledge; improved problem solving abilities; increased interest and opportunities for critical thinking, as a result of the actively exchanging information in a group. The primary advantage enjoyed by the instructors was the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues to reduce the preparation required to create effective library instruction sessions. Opportunities for further research were also discovered, including the degree to which “social loafing” plays a role in collaborative, active learning.

  5. Critical Friends Groups: Learning Experiences for Teachers

    Cox, Ernie

    2010-01-01

    How can school librarians know about other teachers' professional development experiences? School librarians need time to talk with fellow teachers about the wide range of issues and challenges present in schools. A collaborative mission gives precious time to create learning opportunities for students; but does it give enough time for reflective…

  6. The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.

    Julie McKenna

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students themselves had almost no power.Principle 4: People tend to first seek help or information from interpersonal sources, especially from people like themselves.Principle 5: Information seekers expect emotional support.The interpersonal style of each teacher-librarian had an affect on the nature of the students’ information seeking behaviour. The narratives demonstrated how the practices of staff, in particular, those actions that set expectations for student behaviour, had an affect on the actual information seeking activities undertaken by students. Principle 6: People follow habitual patterns in seeking information. The narrative used to recount the unsuccessful instruction and research session demonstrates that unless students are convinced of the reasons why they should change their approach, they will not change habitual patterns in seeking information. Students use familiar sources and their familiarity is with Google and Wikipedia. In order for them to understand why these sources alone are not adequate, the students would need to experience a situation that demonstrates this and would cause them to reconsider their habitual patterns. Conclusion – Students were not exposed to teacher-librarian behaviours and roles that would enable the development of information literacy skills. The absence of collaboration between teachers and teacher-librarians was detrimental to the support of students in their assigned tasks. Students were not able to carry out information seeking practices with any autonomy and were given no meaningful reason or evidence as to why they should consider different practices. The failure to recognize that students have information habits that must be validated in order to assist them in changing or establishing new information seeking behaviours was problematic. The adolescents’ need for affective support was negated and had consequences that affected their information seeking experience. These teacher-librarians perceive that they fulfill roles in support of information literacy learning, but their behaviours and actions contradict this perception. Teacher-librarians must be able to identify, analyze and change their behaviours and actions in order to better enable student achievement.

  7. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement

    Linda Darling-Hammond

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Using data from a 50-state survey of policies, state case study analyses, the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP, this study examines the ways in which teacher qualifications and other school inputs are related to student achievement across states. The findings of both the qualitative and quantitative analyses suggest that policy investments in the quality of teachers may be related to improvements in student performance. Quantitative analyses indicate that measures of teacher preparation and certification are by far the strongest correlates of student achievement in reading and mathematics, both before and after controlling for student poverty and language status. State policy surveys and case study data are used to evaluate policies that influence the overall level of teacher qualifications within and across states. This analysis suggests that policies adopted by states regarding teacher education, licensing, hiring, and professional development may make an important difference in the qualifications and capacities that teachers bring to their work. The implications for state efforts to enhance quality and equity in public education are discussed.

  8. Teacher Wellbeing: The Importance of Teacher-Student Relationships

    Spilt, Jantine L.; Koomen, Helma M. Y; Thijs, Jochem T

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have examined the importance of teacher-student relationships for the development of children. Much less is known, however, about how these relationships impact the professional and personal lives of teachers. This review considers the importance of teacher-student relationships for the wellbeing of teachers guided by the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping of Lazarus (1991). Based on theories on interpersonal relationships, it is postulated that teachers have a basic need f...

  9. Providing Effective Feedback to EFL Student Teachers

    Holi Ibrahim Holi Ali; Hamed Ahmed Al-Adawi

    2013-01-01

    Feedback on school practicum is of utmost importance for student teachers to help them to develop their pedagogical and teaching skills. This paper attempts to collect data from both student teachers and their mentors in an ELT teacher training programme in Oman to answer the questions which are raised by this study: 1) What kind of feedback do student teachers receive in their practicum? 2) What are the student teachers’ and mentors’ views of feedback on the practicum? 3) What type of practi...

  10. Pasteur: Student and Teacher.

    Moseley, Nicholas

    1983-01-01

    Louis Pasteur's career as a scientist and as a teacher of science is traced. The discovery of his ability and interest, his choice of teaching as a profession, the controversy over teaching versus research, and his methods of teaching science are included. (MNS)

  11. Chief Information Officer: Schools Need Qualified Librarians To Manage the Accelerating Crush of Knowledge and Technology, Says Library Guru Mike Eisenberg. Interview.

    Eisenberg, Mike; Barton, Rhonda

    2003-01-01

    In this interview, a leading expert in school librarianship discusses the school librarian's role in creating students who are effective users of information. The importance of information technology to information management is described, as are strategies librarians can use to collaborate with teachers and administrators. He describes how

  12. Librarian's guide to online searching

    Bell, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    ""There are teaching tips that will help both the new teacher/librarian and the veteran. This is one of those books that will soon spout all sorts of little sticky notes and highlighted lines. It is possible that the book may need to be replaced before the fourth edition comes out because the librarian has worn out the first copy!"" - Library Media Connection

  13. Guiding Dialogue in the Transformation of Teacher-Student Relationships.

    Gaines, Sherry; Baldwin, Dee

    1996-01-01

    Nursing curricula should emphasize egalitarian teacher-student relationships that reflect cooperation and community. Distribution of power between students and teachers, teachers and teachers, and teachers and administrators must be reconceptualized for authentic dialog to occur. (SK)

  14. Teachers who bully students: a hidden trauma

    Twemlow, S. W.; Fonagy, P.; Sacco, F. C.; Brethour, J. R.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The study examined teachers' perceptions of bullying by other teachers to see what causes and characteristics were attributed to such bullying teachers, and how often teachers were themselves bullied by students.Method: 116 teachers from seven elementary schools completed an anonymous questionnaire reflecting their feelings and perceptions about their own experiences of bullying, and how they perceive colleagues over the years.Results: Results confirmed that teachers who experience...

  15. Teacher characteristics and student achievement: evidence from teacher surveys

    Jepsen, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    Teachers and peers are believed to have a strong influence on student achievement, but the specific characteristics that affect student achievement are hard to identify. This paper utilizes teacher survey data to investigate teacher characteristics that are not usually available in administrative data, as well as more readily available attributes such as experience and education. Classroom fixed effects explain a large portion of within-student variation in test score growth, suggesting a pot...

  16. Active Teachers - Active Students

    initiative from the Polytechnic in Nantes, France and the University the Los Andes in Bogota, Colombia. The objective was to start a world wide collaboration allowing teachers in engineering to learn from each other about their experiences with active learning. In this thirteenth edition, ALE joins forces......Learning is active in nature. It is something you do, not something that is done to you. Engineering educators around the world recognize this basic truth and implement one or another form of active learning to enhance their teaching. Active learning in Engineering (ALE) was started as an...... with the International Research Symposium on Problem Based Learning (IRSPB) and the International Symposium on Project Approaches in Engineering Education (PAEE) to organise the first International Joint Conference on the Learner in Engineering Education (IJCLEE 2015) hosted by Mondragon University, in...

  17. Training Needs of School Librarians in India

    C.K. Ramaiah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In India situation of schools, school libraries, and school librarians is in a poor condition as compared to other advanced countries in the world. Most of the schools do not have libraries, and wherever libraries are available, the properly trained manpower is not available to manage those libraries. There are many reasons for this problem including budget, space, resources, manpower, lack of national policies, and standards. One of the problems is lack of proper training to school librarians in Indian library school. The paper reviews the need for school library, UNESCO manifestation of school library, national and international scenarios, school library standards & guidelines, roles, and responsibility of school librarians, and impact of school libraries on students, and teachers. The school library plays an important role on the overall development of the students to transform them into knowledgeable persons. Their reading skills, information seeking skills, and the knowledge about the library resources can be improved due to the school library and the school librarian. So, the need for professionally trained manpower to man these libraries is also discussed.DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 2014, 33(5, pp. 367-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/djlit.33.5100 

  18. Training Needs of School Librarians in India

    C.K. Ramaiah,

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In India situation of schools, school libraries, and school librarians is in a poor condition as compared to other advanced countries in the world. Most of the schools do not have libraries, and wherever libraries are available, the properly trained manpower is not available to manage those libraries. There are many reasons for this problem including budget, space, resources, manpower, lack of national policies, and standards. One of the problems is lack of proper training to school librarians in Indian library school. The paper reviews the need for school library, UNESCO manifestation of school library, national and international scenarios, school library standards & guidelines, roles, and responsibility of school librarians, and impact of school libraries on students, and teachers. The school library plays an important role on the overall development of the students to transform them into knowledgeable persons. Their reading skills, information seeking skills, and the knowledge about the library resources can be improved due to the school library and the school librarian. So, the need for professionally trained manpower to man these libraries is also discussed.

  19. Providing Effective Feedback to EFL Student Teachers

    Ali, Holi Ibrahim Holi; Al-Adawi, Hamed Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    Feedback on school practicum is of utmost importance for student teachers to help them to develop their pedagogical and teaching skills. This paper attempts to collect data from both student teachers and their mentors in an ELT teacher training programme in Oman to answer the questions which are raised by this study: 1) What kind of feedback do…

  20. Leadership Styles of Supervising Teachers and Student Teachers Utilizing A Grid Technique.

    Bennett, Roy M.; Morris, John E.

    1979-01-01

    Identified perceived leadership styles of student teachers and their supervising teachers and compared leadership styles of elementary and secondary student teachers. Student teachers saw themselves as having greater concern for students than did their supervising teachers. Secondary student teachers were significantly more task-oriented than

  1. Link Teacher Behaviours: Student Nurses' Perceptions.

    Wills, Margaret E.

    1997-01-01

    A survey of 102 nursing students in clinical placements found the majority dissatisfied with the amount and nature of teacher contact. The most valued teacher behaviors were related to interpersonal skills and personality, nursing competence, evaluation, and teaching ability. (SK)

  2. Teachers Know Best: Making Data Work for Teachers and Students

    Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015

    2015-01-01

    As part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's broader efforts to improve educational opportunities for all students, the "Teachers Know Best" research project seeks to encourage innovation in K-12 education by helping product developers and those who procure resources for teachers better understand teachers' views. The original…

  3. 國小圖書老師與班級教師合作設計資訊素養融入教學 The Elementary Teacher Librarian Collaborating with Teachers Designing Integrated Information Literacy Instruction

    Lin Ching Chen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available 本研究旨在發現國小圖書老師與班級教師合作設計資訊素養融入教學遭遇的問題,並找出適當的解決策略。本研究採協同行動研究,由研究者、協同圖書老師與三位級任和科任老師進行四次融入教學行動方案,以探究雙方合作設計資訊素養融入教學的可行策略。研究歷時約一年半,以參與觀察、訪談、文件分析與問卷調查等方式蒐集資料。研究結果發現,國小圖書老師與班級教師合作設計資訊素養融入教學在各階段之可行策略為:(一在合作開啟階段圖書老師與教師應互相主動邀請,或參與學校的研究計畫以開啟合作設計資訊素養融入教學的契機;(二在合作計畫階段圖書老師與教師應於寒暑假期間即開始合作討論下學期欲進行之資訊素養融入教學的細節,且教學進度應富彈性;(三在合作實行階段雙方應訂定固定討論反省時間並盡量實施協同教學;(四在合作評量階段雙方應共同規畫評量的形式和規準,並一起進行評量; (五在合作反思階段圖書老師應於融入教學全部結束後,邀請教師全面反思合作課程,理想情況是根據合作過程與反省製成合作檔案,作為日後的參考。The purpose of this research was to solve the problems occurring when elemen- tary teacher librarians and teachers collaboratively design integrated infor- mation literacy instruction. The collaborative action research was used as a framework in this study. The researchers, a teacher librarian, and three teach- ers worked together to implement four action plans, which lasted for one and a half years. During the research process, the methods of collecting data in- cluded observation, interviews, document collection, and survey. The research results showed the following possible strategies for improving the collaboration between the teacher librarians and teachers: 1. In the stage of collaborative initiation, the teacher librarian and teachers should actively invite each other, or join school research projects to start designing the integrated curriculum; 2. In the stage of collaborative planning, they should start to plan the detailed in- structional contents for the coming semester during summer or winter breaks, and the instructional schedule should be flexible; 3. In the stage of collabora- tive implementation, they should co-teach and allocate dedicated time for dis- cussion and reflection; 4. In the stage of collaborative evaluation, they should develop both of evaluation methods and rubrics, and assess students together; 5. In the stage of collaborative reflection, the teacher librarian should invite teachers to examine the curriculum comprehensively when it is finished, and in an ideal situation, they can collect all the documents into a portfolio for a ref- erence in the future.

  4. The Teacher and Student as Pygmalions: Joint Effects of Teacher and Student Expectations.

    Feldman, Robert S.; Theiss, Andrew J.

    1982-01-01

    This study examined the joint effects of teachers' expectations about students and vice versa on the performance and attitudes of both participants. Results showed that student performance was a function of the teacher's expectations. (Author/GK)

  5. Effects of Teacher Clarity and Student Anxiety on Student Outcomes

    Rodger, Susan; Murray, Harry G.; Cummings, Anne L.

    2007-01-01

    A laboratory experiment was carried out with 120 undergraduate students to examine a possible aptitude-treatment interaction between teacher clarity and student test anxiety in relation to two outcome measures, namely student achievement and student motivation, with student intelligence statistically controlled. Students completed measures of

  6. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy

    Laurie M. Bridges

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This article discusses the development and instruction of a freshmen orientation course at Oregon State University titled Social Media: A Life Lived Online.

  7. Values for Librarians in the Information Age.

    Dole, Wanda V.; Hurych, Jitka M.

    2001-01-01

    Defines values that librarians have in the information age, including service, preservation, intellectual freedom, equitable access, and information literacy. Discusses the results of a survey that compared the values of American academic librarians, library science students, and librarians from Russia and the former Soviet Union. (LRW)

  8. A Metaphor Analysis of Elementary Student Teachers Conceptions of Teachers in Student- and Teacher-Centered Contexts

    DURU, Sibel

    2015-01-01

    Problem Statement: Student teachers beliefs and conceptions affect not only what and how they learn in teacher education programs, but also their future professional development in their teaching careers. Examining and understanding student teachers beliefs and conceptions is therefore crucial to improving their professional preparation and development, as well as the effectiveness of teacher education.Purpose of the study: The purpose of this study was to explore elementary student teacher...

  9. Preparing students for research: faculty/librarian collaboration in a pre-doctoral physical therapy research course.

    Brooks, Salome V; Bigelow, Susan

    2015-12-01

    In this article, guest writers Susan Bigelow and Dr Salome Brooks from Springfield College, Massachusetts, present an overview of their evaluative research study in which a faculty professor and the liaison librarian collaborated to develop an information literacy course entitled Physical Therapy (PT) and Health care Research Skills, in order to teach necessary information literacy skills to upper-level undergraduate PT students. Triangulation of the Physical Therapy and Information Literacy standards in alignment with the course objectives strengthened the collaboration, course development and expectations of student performance. Student performance was assessed through formal and expected evaluative means, and the preliminary evidence suggests some key successes in the course outcomes. H.S. PMID:26768908

  10. Exploring Concerns of Business Student Teachers

    Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Mountjoy, Kathy; Bailey, Glenn

    2011-01-01

    Background: The student teaching internship is the culminating experience and has been cited as the most significant, exciting, and difficult experience teacher candidates will encounter throughout their entire teacher preparation program. In order to prepare business teacher candidates for their internships, it is critical to understand the

  11. Shared Leadership for Teacher and Student Learning

    Printy, Susan M.; Marks, Helen M.

    2006-01-01

    The article synthesizes research findings from studies examining how principals and teachers contribute to shared instructional leadership and the relationship of shared instructional leadership to teacher and student learning. Principals and teachers contribute to the leadership equation in each school in different ways, according to school…

  12. A Faculty-Librarian Collaboration for Developing Information Literacy Skills among Preservice Teachers

    Floyd, Deborah M.; Colvin, Gloria; Bodur, Yasar

    2008-01-01

    Preservice teachers enrolled in the first portion of an undergraduate education program at the Florida State University were assigned to develop case studies based on their experience working in local elementary schools. The case studies were to include research from the scholarly literature of the field using a rubric developed by the instructor

  13. Cornerstones: Literacy Units Ready for Teachers, Students

    Blasko, Jennifer; Donahue, Sheila

    2008-01-01

    Every day, teachers face the time-consuming task of adapting materials from curricula that do not meet their students' needs or match their learning styles. This article discusses ready-made literacy units specifically designed for teachers of deaf and hard of hearing students. The units were part of the Cornerstones Project, an activity of the…

  14. Teacher and Student Behaviors in Inclusive Classrooms

    Yildiz, Nevin Guner

    2015-01-01

    In this study, I examined general education teachers' classroom behaviors and as well as academic engagement, off--task and problem behaviors of students with special needs. The sample group of this study comprised 54 general education teachers working at local primary schools in Eskisehir, Turkey and their 54 students with mild intellectual…

  15. Teacher Expectations of the Communication Apprehensive Student.

    Schaller, Kristi A.; Comadena, Mark E.

    Previous studies have revealed that the correlation between communication apprehension (CA) and academic achievement may be significantly different for male and female elementary school students. A study investigated the effects of CA, sex of student, and three teacher characteristics on teacher expectations of academic achievement. Subjects, 221…

  16. Teacher Self-Actualization and Student Progress

    Coble, Charles R.; Hounshell, Paul B.

    1972-01-01

    There were no differences in biology achievement or critical thinking scores of students of teachers with different degrees of self actualization. However, when grouped according to their success in increasing students' critical thinking ability, effective teachers could be distinguished from ineffective by their scores on the existentiality''…

  17. Becoming a Teacher--Student Teachers' Learning Patterns in Teacher Education

    Ahonen, Elsi; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Pietarinen, Janne; Soini, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    Student teacher learning is a key issue for further professional development. Literature on student teacher learning suggests that students learn about teaching and undergo professional transformation during their education. However, studies often focus on a certain time period and on how students should learn instead of how they actually do…

  18. Student Teachers' Approaches to Teaching Biological Evolution

    Borgerding, Lisa A.; Klein, Vanessa A.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Eibel, Albert

    2015-06-01

    Evolution is fundamental to biology and scientific literacy, but teaching high school evolution is often difficult. Evolution teachers face several challenges including limited content knowledge, personal conflicts with evolution, expectations of resistance, concerns about students' conflicts with religion, and curricular constraints. Evolution teaching can be particularly challenging for student teachers who are just beginning to gain pedagogical knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge related to evolution teaching and who seek approval from university supervisors and cooperating teachers. Science teacher educators need to know how to best support student teachers as they broach the sometimes daunting task of teaching evolution within student teaching placements. This multiple case study report documents how three student teachers approached evolution instruction and what influenced their approaches. Data sources included student teacher interviews, field note observations for 4-5 days of evolution instruction, and evolution instructional artifacts. Data were analyzed using grounded theory approaches to develop individual cases and a cross-case analysis. Seven influences (state exams and standards, cooperating teacher, ideas about teaching and learning, concerns about evolution controversy, personal commitment to evolution, knowledge and preparation for teaching evolution, and own evolution learning experiences) were identified and compared across cases. Implications for science teacher preparation and future research are provided.

  19. I, Librarian

    Kruger, Hilda

    2005-01-01

    The fast and continuous technological change that is characteristic of the information society we find ourselves in has demonstrable impact on the way librarians go about their business. This paper offers a scenario of technological changes already in the pipeline and yet to come, and how those changes will impact the role of librarians in the future. One of the main concerns of this paper is the continued relevance of information professionals as infomediaries in our ...

  20. I, Librarian

    Kruger, Hilda

    2013-01-01

    The fast and continuous technological change that is characteristic of the information society we find ourselves in has demonstrable impact on the way librarians go about their business. This paper offers a scenario of technological changes already in the pipeline and yet to come, and how those changes will impact the role of librarians in the future. One of the main concerns of this paper is the continued relevance of information professionals as infomediaries in our future society.

  1. Excluding Students from Classroom: Teacher Techniques that Promote Student Responsibility

    Lewis, Ramon; Romi, Shlomo; Roache, Joel

    2012-01-01

    Students who continuously misbehave are frequently excluded from class, allowing them time to reflect on their inappropriate behavior. This paper examines students' perceptions of the teacher's behavior toward them prior to, during, and after the exclusion, focusing on teachers' explanations, punishments, and follow-up conversations. The results…

  2. When Race Matters: Teachers' Evaluations of Students' Classroom Behavior

    Downey, Douglas B.; Pribesh, Shana

    2004-01-01

    Past studies have noted that black students' classroom behavior is rated more favorably by black teachers than by white teachers. This pattern could be a function of white teachers' bias--rating black students more harshly than they deserve--or black students' misbehavior--acting out more when placed with white teachers versus black teachers. If…

  3. Who believes in me? The effect of student-teacher demographic match on teacher expectations

    Gershenson, Seth; Holt, Stephen B.; Papageorge, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    Teachers are an important source of information for traditionally disadvantaged students. However, little is known about how teachers form expectations and whether their expectations are systematically biased. We investigate whether student-teacher demographic mismatch affects high school teachers' expectations for students' educational attainment. Using a student fixed effects strategy that exploits expectations data from two teachers per student, we find that non-black teachers of black stu...

  4. The Development of Student Teachers' Professional Identity

    Lamote, Carl; Engels, Nadine

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on student teachers' perceptions of their professional identity. The respondents are students enrolled in a three-year course in secondary education teaching at bachelor level. Questionnaires were filled out by first-year, second-year and third-year students from two colleges. The questionnaire included four scales: commitment…

  5. Enhancing Student Teacher Reflective Practice through Poetry

    Cowin, Kathleen M.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a seminar process in which poetry is used with student teachers to provide a focal point for reflection and introspection. Through this reflection process, students have been able to reflect deeply and personally on their student-teaching experiences, on their own personalities in the context of those experiences, and on…

  6. From Teacher Centered to Student Centered Learning.

    Lockemy, M. J.; Summers, Sylvia

    In 1991, staff at the Business Resource Center (BRC) at Tacoma Community College, in Washington, began to reevaluate their approach to serving students. Up to that point, the BRC had been teacher centered, with staff operating under the assumptions that only the students who succeeded were actually "college material," that students would cheat if…

  7. Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers Knowledge of Students

    Hlya K?l?

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the nature of preservice secondary mathematics teachers knowledge of students as emerged from a study investigating the development of their pedagogical content knowledge in a methods course and its associated field experience. Six preservice teachers participated in the study and the data were collected in the forms of observations, interviews and written documents. Knowledge of students is defined as teachers knowledge of what mathematical concepts are difficult for students to grasp, which concepts students typically have misconceptions about, possible sources of students errors, and how to eliminate those difficulties and misconceptions. The findings revealed that preservice teachers had difficulty in both identifying the source of students misconceptions, and errors and generating effective ways different than telling the rules or procedures to eliminate such misconceptions. Furthermore, preservice teachers knowledge of students was intertwined with their knowledge of subject matter and knowledge of pedagogy. They neither had strong conceptual knowledge of mathematics nor rich repertoire of teaching strategies. Therefore, they frequently failed to recognize what conceptual knowledge the students were lacking and inclined to address students errors by telling how to carry out the procedure or apply the rule to solve the given problem correctly.

  8. Education for All: Exploring What Student Teachers and Beginning Teachers Really Know

    Onyefulu, Cynthia; Williams-Shakespeare, Eraldine; Thomas-James, Anita

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find out what student teachers and beginning teachers from a teacher training institution knew about Education for All (EFA). The study was guided by three research questions. Two null hypotheses were tested. The participants (student teachers and beginning teachers) were from a teacher training institution in…

  9. Treasure Trove for students and teachers

    Holley, Rose

    2010-01-01

    The article explains how teachers and students can find information by using the national discovery service Trove. Trove is designed for Australians to find Australian information and supports the curriculum by making discoverable 100 million items of Australian resources.

  10. Teachers' Use of Wikipedia with Their Students

    Meishar-Tal, Hagit

    2015-01-01

    One of the most impressive phenomena in the creation and dissemination of human knowledge in recent years is Wikipedia, an encyclopedia written collaboratively by Web users. Nevertheless, teachers tend to oppose the use of Wikipedia by their students and question its reliability. This paper explores the perceptions of k-12 school teachers in…

  11. The librarian

    Elizarov, Mikhail

    2015-01-01

    As the introduction to this book will tell you, the books by Gromov, obscure and long forgotten propaganda author of the Soviet era, have such an effect on their readers that they suddenly enjoy supernatural powers. Understandably, their readers need to keep accessing these books at all cost and gather into groups around book-bearers, or, as they're called, librarians. Alexei, until now a loser, comes to collect an uncle's inheritance and unexpectedly becomes a librarian. He tells his extraordinary, unbelievable story.

  12. Student-Teacher Mentoring Targeted

    Sawchuk, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    With state and national policymakers eyeing ways to improve teacher preparation, a handful of education programs are becoming more intentional about how such "cooperating" teachers--as they're known in the lingo of teacher preparation--are selected and trained. That interest could grow as programs wrestle with the finer points of how to transform…

  13. Student Teachers' Key Learning Experiences--Mapping the Steps for Becoming a Professional Teacher

    Ahonen, Elsi; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Pietarinen, Janne; Soini, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    Teacher education provides the central forum for student teacher learning. Student teachers are advised to learn about teaching and undergo professional transformation during this instruction. However, research on student teacher learning often focuses on a certain time period and on how students "should" learn instead of analysing what…

  14. University digital libraries in Spain and TIC as paradigms of the information needs for teachers and students

    Carlos Oliva Maran

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The university digital libraries have experienced an improvement in recent years, allowing easy retrieval of information in different media. The objectives of this research are to verify the suitability of online catalogs to meet the information needs of teachers and students in the area of Library and Information by evaluating a sample of 23 University digital libraries, and raise the necessary improvements. The results verify the suitability of online catalogs to solve the information needs of teachers, researchers and students, being the University libraries of Barcelona, Granada and Sevilla the most relevant in the area of documentation, as well as the professionalism of librarians to heed the needs of users. Among other improvements, raised teacher education and students in using electronic resources and the creation of online help to improve user interfaces-Web in order to retrieve information quickly and efficiently.

  15. Exploring Turkish Social Studies Student Teachers' Development of Identity

    Özbas, Banu Çulha

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore professional identity development among social studies student teachers in a four-year teacher education program in Turkey. Fifty-five student teachers participated in the study. Data were collected about their metaphorical images about teachers and social studies teachers and a series of in-depth interviews…

  16. Academic Librarians in Second Life

    Denise Cote; Robin Ashford; Beth Kraemer; Diane Nahl

    2012-01-01

    The multi-user virtual world Second Life is an online software platform that allows users to jointly explore realistic three-dimensional environments via avatar characters, communicate via voice and text chat, and collaborate using shared creation tools. Librarians and educators have been developing academic content and services in Second Life for use with students and other constituency groups since 2005. This study surveyed academic librarians working in Second Life to discover their percep...

  17. Gendered Trends in Student Teachers' Professional Aspirations

    Smith, Joan

    2015-01-01

    The paper reports on a small-scale, exploratory study investigating the professional aspirations of a cohort of student teachers at a UK university. Questionnaires and interviews sought insights into the students' perceptions of leadership, future aspirations and self-perceptions as potential leaders. Whilst there was commonality in male and

  18. Correlates of Teacher Appraisals of Student Behaviors

    Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Panayiotou, Georgia; Davazoglou, Aggeliki M.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess whether burnout and personality were linked to the perceived severity of 24 undesirable student behaviors among experienced and trainee teachers. Results indicated that teaching experience, student gender, and type of behavior were important determinants of their perceptions. Burnout had a significant effect…

  19. Student Performance Standards and Queensland Teacher Education.

    Wake, Andrew; Danaher, Patrick

    This paper considers the implementation of Student Performance Standards (SPS) in Queensland, Australia, and their implications for teacher education. Student testing procedures in various Australian states and territories are described. A theoretical framework, grounded in Australian educational history, is elaborated for understanding the…

  20. Medical students' and teachers' perceptions of sexual misconduct in the student-teacher relationship

    Dekker, Hanke; Snoek, Jos W; Schonrock-Adema, Johanna; Van Der Molen, Thys; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2013-01-01

    Teachers are important role models for the development of professional behaviour of young trainee doctors. Unfortunately, sometimes they show unprofessional behaviour. To address misconduct in teaching, it is important to determine where the thresholds lie when it comes to inappropriate behaviours in student-teacher encounters. We explored to what extent students and teachers perceive certain behaviours as misconduct or as sexual harassment. We designed-with a reference group-five written vig...

  1. Positive Aspects of the Teacher Training Supervision: The Student Teachers' Perspective

    Caires, Susana; Almeida, Leandro S.

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores the student teachers' perceptions about the most positive aspects of the supervision provided during their teaching practice. The authors developed a study based on the reflections of a group of 224 student teachers about their cooperating teacher's and university supervisor's performance. Student teacher's appraisals regarding

  2. Learning to Teach Inclusively: Student Teachers' Classroom Inquiries

    Oyler, Celia

    2006-01-01

    This book--co-authored by a teacher educator, a diverse group of five pre-service student teachers, and their student teaching supervisor--takes a unique, illuminating look at the experience of student teaching from the perspective of student teachers. It is premised on learning to teach as an inquiry process enriched by collaborative…

  3. Male Teacher, Female Students: A Novice Teacher Reflects.

    Kenny, Gerard

    2002-01-01

    A male teacher working with female nursing students reflects on the following issues: (1) extent to which his presence reflects sociocultural dynamics; (2) the complexity of gender dynamics and the need for openness to multiple perspectives; (3) ethical challenges of implementing an empowerment approach; and (4) the search for alternatives to…

  4. The Self-Education of Systems Librarians

    Jordan, Mark

    2003-01-01

    This article outlines the common duties and responsibilities of systems librarians, and describes how library school students and others interested in entering the field can take advantage of freely available tools to gain relevant experience. It discusses attitudes and traits of systems librarians and their importance to potential and practicing systems librarians. It also lists and describes technologies that people entering systems librarianship can use to gain experience.

  5. Changing Roles of Librarians and Library Technicians

    Norene James; Lisa Shamchuk; Katherine Koch

    2015-01-01

    What significant changes are librarians and library technicians experiencing in their roles? A survey put forward across Canada to librarians and library technicians addressing this question was conducted in February 2014. Eight hundred eighty-two responses were obtained from librarians, defined as MLIS graduates, and library technicians, defined as graduates from a two-year library diploma program. Respondents needed to have been employed in the last two years in these roles and students of ...

  6. Millennial Students' Mental Models of Search: Implications for Academic Librarians and Database Developers

    Holman, Lucy

    2011-01-01

    Today's students exhibit generational differences in the way they search for information. Observations of first-year students revealed a proclivity for simple keyword or phrases searches with frequent misspellings and incorrect logic. Although no students had strong mental models of search mechanisms, those with stronger models did construct more…

  7. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  8. Teacher Research Programs = Increased Student Achievement

    Dubner, J.

    2011-12-01

    Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP), founded in 1990, is one of the largest, best known university professional development programs for science teachers in the U.S. For eight weeks in each of two consecutive summers, teachers participate as a member of a research team, led by a member of Columbia University's research faculty. In addition to the laboratory experience, all teachers meet weekly during the summer for a series of pedagogical activities to assist them in transferring the experience to their classrooms. The primary goal of the program is to provide K-12 science teachers with opportunities to work at the cutting edge of science and engineering, and thus to revitalize their teaching and help them to appreciate the use of inquiry-based methods in their classroom instruction. The secondary goals of the program are to give the pre-college teacher the ability to guide their students toward careers in science and engineering, to develop new teaching strategies, and to foster long-term scholarly collaborations. The last is especially important as it leads to a model of the teacher as active in science yet committed to the pre-college classroom. Since its inception, SRP has focused on an objective assessment of the program's impact on attitudes and instructional practices of participating teachers, on the performance of these teachers in their mentors' laboratories, and most importantly, on the impact of their participation in the program has on student interest and performance in science. Our research resulted in a paper published in the journal Science. SRP also facilitates a multi-site survey-based evaluation of other teacher research programs around the country. The author will present the findings of both studies.

  9. Student teacher self-efficacy and student perceptions of assessment in competence-based education

    van Dinther, Martinus

    2015-01-01

    Teacher self-efficacy or “teachers’ beliefs in their ability to havea positive effect on student learning” (Ashton, 1985, p. 142), has beenevidenced as affecting student achievement, motivation and attitude towards school. Therefore, enhancing student teacher self-efficacy should be high on the agenda of teacher educational programmes. The core goal ofthis doctoral thesis is to provide evidence for how assessment in a competence-based teacher education programme influences student teacher sel...

  10. A quadruple collaboration: students, librarians, academics and industry creating a peer to peer support initiative

    Coombs, Jenny; Hollier, Carol

    2014-01-01

    For the past two years, the University of Nottingham has run a scheme in which science and engineering students have been acting as student ambassadors (Learning Resource Leaders) to engage their peers on library issues. The project was based upon the premise that science and engineering students make less use of their library resources than other disciplines, and began with an HE STEM funded project run jointly with Loughborough University, to find a sustainable (non-pay) model for motivatin...

  11. Student Teachers' Experiences of Relation Building in Teaching Practice

    Nielsen, Anne Maj; Laursen, Per Fibæk

    The study explores how 22 student teachers in a Danish college of education experience and interpret their own becoming a teacher and the implied attitudes to pupils. The student teachers attending mainstream teacher education and a course in mindful awareness and relational competencies have – to...... a larger extend than the mainstream educated student teachers - learned a reflexive attitude to their state of being in teaching practice and to their relational interaction with children in class....

  12. CREATIVITY OF PRESCHOOL AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND THEIR STUDENTS.

    Sali, Güneş; Akyol, Aysel Köksal

    2015-12-01

    Although creativity provides a considerable number of advantages, many teachers have direct and indirect prejudices against creative students since they may display distracting and disruptive behaviors toward teachers and classmates. To determine how teachers' creativity affects their students' creative development, 90 preschool and elementary school teachers and 90 pupils were assessed for creative thinking. The children's sex was not correlated with creativity scores. There were small, significant relationships between various measures of preschool teachers' and students' creativity. PMID:26682610

  13. Information Literacy and Research-Intensive Graduate Students: Enhancing the Role of Research Librarians

    Harrington, Marni R.

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates how psychology graduate students find information for coursework and research, who teaches them how to find it, and whether differences emerge over the course of their graduate careers. Findings indicate that these graduate students are comfortable using campus libraries, prefer electronic resources, ask supervisors when

  14. SLJ's Book Buying Survey: When It Comes to Purchasing Supplemental Books, Librarians' Clout Extends Far beyond the Media Center

    Whelan, Debra Lau

    2004-01-01

    Media specialists and teachers spend an estimated $1.4 billion annually on nonfiction titles. And even though most librarians, like Shirley Morand of New Richmond High School in Ohio, expect budget cuts this academic year, they still plan to dish out a sizable chunk of money on books that support students' textbooks, according to School Library

  15. Student-Teacher Astronomy Resource (STAR) Program

    Gaboardi, M.; Humayun, M.; Dixon, P.

    2006-12-01

    Our NASA-funded E/PO program, the Student-Teacher Astronomy Resource (STAR) Program, designed around the Stardust and Genesis Missions, focuses on the reciprocal relationship between technological progress and advances in scientific understanding. We work directly with the public, teachers, classrooms, and individual school students. Both formal and informal evaluations suggest that our four-step approach to outreach has been effective. This annual program may serve as a model for the partnership between a national research institution, local scientists, and local teachers. The program has four components: 1."Space Stations" developed around the technology and science of the Genesis and Stardust Missions, are offered as child-friendly booths at the annual National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) Open House. The stations allow for direct interaction between the scientists and the public (over 3000 visitors). 2. STAR teachers (15) receive training and supplies to lead their classrooms through "Technology for Studying Comets". After attending a one-day in-service at the NHMFL, teachers can bring to their students an inquiry-based space science unit about which they are knowledgeable and excited. 3. We offer "Comet Tales," an informal education experience based on the NASA classroom activity "Comet Basics," to 15 local classrooms. We visit local classrooms and engage students with inquiry about comets, sampling of Wild 2, and what scientists hope to learn from the Stardust Mission. Visits occur during the two-week "Technology for Studying Comets" unit taught by each STAR teacher. 4. The "Stellar Students" component involves 15 high-achieving students in research activities. From each classroom visited during "Comet Tales," one student is selected to visit the NHMFL for a day. Parents and teachers of the students are invited for an awards ceremony and student presentations. Evaluation consisted of focus groups, informal observation, and questionnaires. Responses were overwhelmingly positive. This format allows us to continuously improve the design of our program and ensure that we meet the needs of our local school district.

  16. Teacher and student intrinsic motivation in project-based learning

    Lam, Sf; Cheng, RWY; Ma, WYK

    2009-01-01

    In this study we examined the relationship between teacher and student intrinsic motivation in project-based learning. The participants were 126 Hong Kong secondary school teachers and their 631 students who completed evaluation questionnaires after a semester-long project-based learning program. Both teachers and students were asked to indicate their motivation in the program, and students were also asked to report the instructional support they received from their teachers. The results of h...

  17. Sources of Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety: A Qualitative Inquiry

    Ali Merç

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to find out the sources of foreign language student teacher anxiety experienced by Turkish EFL student teachers throughout the teaching practicum using qualitative data collection tools. 150 student teachers completing their teaching practicum as part of their graduation requirement at Anadolu University Faculty of Education English Language Teaching Program participated in the study. The research tools were diaries kept by student teachers and semi-structured interviews cond...

  18. Communication Teacher-Student-Computer

    Tatkovic, Nevenka; Sehanovic, Jusuf; Ruzic, Maja

    2006-01-01

    The work points out the importance of the use of the information and communication technologies in education. The overview of elementary, advanced and specialized informatics and information related knowledge and skills that every teacher should master and apply in the educational process is presented. Stress is laid upon the importance of the…

  19. Authentic Assessments: Praxis for the Distance Librarian

    Twomey, Beth

    2015-01-01

    Distance librarians continually develop information literacy instruction in a variety of formats. Assessment, when it occurs, tends to be of the traditional multiple-choice variety and does not measure more complex skills. Authentic assessments offer the instruction librarian a way to re-think their instruction strategies and assessment of student

  20. Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights

    Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.

    2012-01-01

    Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

  1. Health sciences librarians' research on medical students' use of information for their studies at the medical school, University of Queensland, Australia.

    Lasserre, Kaye E; Foxlee, Nicola; Kruesi, Lisa; Walters, Julie

    2011-01-01

    This study reports the findings of research undertaken by health sciences librarians at the University of Queensland Library into how medical students use information for their studies, particularly resources and services provided by the Library. The methods utilized were an online survey and focus groups. Results indicated that students favor print resources over electronic, value accessing resources on a one-stop basis, and prefer training to be delivered flexibly. The implication of these results for future resource selection, service provision, and instructional design and delivery is discussed. PMID:21534114

  2. Teacher Attitudes Toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students With Dyslexia

    Hornstra, T.; Denessen, E.J.P.G.; Bakker, J.T.A.; Bergh, L. van den; Voeten, M.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    The present study examined teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the effects of these attitudes on teacher expectations and the academic achievement of students with dyslexia compared to students without learning disabilities. The attitudes of 30 regular education teachers toward dyslexia were determined using both an implicit measure and an explicit, self-report measure. Achievement scores for 307 students were also obtained. Implicit teacher attitudes toward dyslexia related to teacher rati...

  3. Student Teacher Beliefs before and after the Internship

    Schramm-Possinger, Megan Elise

    2012-01-01

    Teachers' beliefs about pedagogical practices and disciplinary procedures as well as their perceptions of students powerfully influence the corresponding approaches they utilize. The student teaching experience is cited as one of the most critical facets of teachers' professional development. That which is learned by student teachers

  4. Assessing Student Achievement in Physical Education for Teacher Evaluation

    Mercier, Kevin; Doolittle, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    While many teachers continue to ignore the practice of assessing student achievement in physical education, recent federal pressures to include student assessment data in teacher evaluation systems has shown that assessment of student outcomes is here to stay. Though there is a strong tradition of assessing teacher practice in physical education,

  5. Student Teachers' Management Practices in Elementary Classrooms: A Qualitative Study

    Hildenbrand, Susan M.; Arndt, Katrina

    2016-01-01

    This qualitative study of four student teachers completing certification in elementary and special education investigated the classroom management practices of the student teachers. This is an important area of study because management practices are essential for an effective classroom, and student teachers often lack confidence and skill in the…

  6. Teacher Misbehavior and Its Effects on Student Interest and Engagement

    Broeckelman-Post, Melissa Ann; Tacconelli, Angelica; Guzmán, Jaime; Rios, Maritza; Calero, Beverly; Latif, Farah

    2016-01-01

    This study sought to investigate whether there was any relationship between teacher misbehaviors and student interest and engagement. Consistent with Emotional Response Theory and models for how teacher behavior impacts student interest and engagement, teacher misbehaviors were strongly correlated with student interest and weakly correlated with…

  7. Performance Pay System Preferences of Students Preparing to Be Teachers

    Milanowski, Anthony

    2007-01-01

    This study explored the potential acceptability of performance pay to new teachers by investigating attitudes toward performance pay of students preparing to be teachers. Focus groups and a survey of students preparing to be teachers at a large U.S. university were conducted. Most students expressed a preference for some form of performance pay…

  8. Associations of Student Temperament and Educational Competence with Academic Achievement: The Role of Teacher Age and Teacher and Student Gender

    Mullola, Sari; Jokela, Markus; Ravaja, Niklas; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsanen, Mirka; Alatupa, Saija; Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Liisa

    2011-01-01

    We examined associations of teacher-perceived student temperament and educational competence with school achievement, and how these associations were modified by students' gender and teachers' gender and age. Participants were 1063 Finnish ninth-graders (534 boys) and their 29 Mother Language teachers (all female) and 43 Mathematics teachers (17

  9. Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Tensions in a High School Mathematics Teacher Internship: The Case of Luis and Sheri

    Rhoads, Kathryn; Samkoff, Aron; Weber, Keith

    2013-01-01

    We investigate interpersonal difficulties that student teachers and cooperating teachers may experience during the teaching internship by exploring the tension between one high school mathematics student teacher and his cooperating teacher. We identified seven causes of this tension, which included different ideas about what mathematics should be…

  10. A Science Librarian in the Laboratory: A Case Study

    Tomaszewski, Robert

    2011-01-01

    A science librarian in the laboratory can become a "point of access" for database instruction and provide a learning opportunity for students to develop their information literacy skills. A case study describes how a librarian in an organic chemistry laboratory helps the class run smoothly and identifies the science librarian as an ally and a…

  11. Biology Student Teachers' Conceptual Frameworks regarding Biodiversity

    Dikmenli, Musa

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, biodiversity has received a great deal of attention worldwide, especially in environmental education. The reasons for this attention are the increase of human activities on biodiversity and environmental problems. The purpose of this study is to investigate biology student teachers' conceptual frameworks regarding biodiversity.…

  12. The Case Law on Student Teachers' Rights

    Karanxha, Zorka; Zirkel, Perry A.

    2008-01-01

    The article provides a concise and up-to-date synthesis of the published case law where a student teacher was the plaintiff, or suing party, and the defendant was an institution of higher education and/or the cooperating local school district. There were 28 of these court decisions, and the outcomes favored the defendant institutions in 23 of them…

  13. Business Studies Teachers and Student Needs

    Mei, Chiew Wye; Siraj, Saedah

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a report on the findings of a study conducted on the direct users of the Business Studies curriculum in Malaysia to uncover the perceived gap between what was experienced with what was wanted. Interviews were used to examine the needs of the Form Six (equivalent to "A" level) Business Studies teachers and students. Findings…

  14. Biology Student Teachers' Conceptual Frameworks regarding Biodiversity

    Dikmenli, Musa

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, biodiversity has received a great deal of attention worldwide, especially in environmental education. The reasons for this attention are the increase of human activities on biodiversity and environmental problems. The purpose of this study is to investigate biology student teachers' conceptual frameworks regarding biodiversity.

  15. Non-Authoritative Approach to Supervision of Student Teachers: Cooperating Teachers' Conceptual Metaphors

    Kim, Taehyung; Danforth, Scot

    2012-01-01

    Cooperating teachers' beliefs of effective supervision of student teachers may play an important role in mentoring practices. By systematically analysing metaphors unconsciously expressed in the discourse of cooperating teachers concerning supervision of student teachers, these beliefs could be made explicit. This study explored: (1) what…

  16. Non-Authoritative Approach to Supervision of Student Teachers: Cooperating Teachers' Conceptual Metaphors

    Kim, Taehyung; Danforth, Scot

    2012-01-01

    Cooperating teachers' beliefs of effective supervision of student teachers may play an important role in mentoring practices. By systematically analysing metaphors unconsciously expressed in the discourse of cooperating teachers concerning supervision of student teachers, these beliefs could be made explicit. This study explored: (1) what

  17. Teacher in Residence: Bringing Science to Students

    Daisy Yuhas

    CERN welcomes its first Teacher in Residence, Terrence Baine of the University of Oslo. Baine, who originally hails from Canada, will be concurrently completing his PhD in Physics Education during his time at CERN. Like CERN’s High School Teacher Programme (HST), of which Baine is an alumnus, the Teacher in Residence position is designed to help educators spread the science of CERN in a form that is accessible to students and can encourage them to pursue physics throughout their education.   Terrence Baine, first 'teacher in residence' at CERN Baine explains, “It’s very important to have a teacher present who can be that middle person between the young peoplecoming here, whom we are trying to enlighten, and the physicists who work at CERN. The Teacher in Residence can act as an on-site educational consultant.” As Teacher in Residence, Baine’s primary project will be to develop teaching modules, or a series of lesson plans, that can help high schoo...

  18. Effect of Student Vulnerability on Perceptions of Teacher-Student Sexual Involvement

    Fromuth, Mary Ellen; Mackey, Amber L.; Wilson, Amy

    2010-01-01

    This study explored whether the vulnerability of an adolescent student affected perceptions of teacher sexual misconduct. Respondents (150 male and 150 female undergraduates) read scenarios depicting teacher sexual misconduct varied by respondent gender, gender dyad (male teacher-female student and female teacher-male student), and three levels of

  19. Cooperating Teachers: An Investigation into Their Needs and Training as Mentors and Supervisors of Student Teachers

    Hamilton, Joy

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine (a) the role of the cooperating teacher in relationship to his or her assigned student teachers, (b) the cooperating teachers' training and preparation for those roles, and (c) the cooperating teachers' perceived needs regarding training and support. Ten cooperating teachers from different…

  20. Student Teachers' Collaborative Research: Small-Scale Research Projects during Teacher Education

    Dobber, Marjolein; Akkerman, Sanne F.; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan D.

    2012-01-01

    Teacher research is increasingly described as an important aspect of professional development. In response, teacher education programs incorporate teacher research in their curricula. We report on the collaborative research processes of two groups of student teachers in a university teacher education program, focussing on elaboration and decision…

  1. Student Teachers' Views of Practicums (Teacher Training Placements) in Turkish and English Contexts: A Comparative Study

    Busher, Hugh; Gündüz, Müge; Cakmak, Melek; Lawson, Tony

    2015-01-01

    How student teachers experience their transformation into serving teachers in the liminal social spaces of the school-based practicum (teaching practice) is of key importance to them, their future students and their educators. The practicum is a challenging experience for student teachers, even with help from university and school-based mentors,…

  2. Student Teachers' Views of Practicums (Teacher Training Placements) in Turkish and English Contexts: A Comparative Study

    Busher, Hugh; Gndz, Mge; Cakmak, Melek; Lawson, Tony

    2015-01-01

    How student teachers experience their transformation into serving teachers in the liminal social spaces of the school-based practicum (teaching practice) is of key importance to them, their future students and their educators. The practicum is a challenging experience for student teachers, even with help from university and school-based mentors,

  3. LIFE-LONG LEARNING AND TEACHER DEVELOPMENT: CAN STUDENTS TEACH THEIR TEACHERS?

    Luiza KRAFT

    2011-01-01

    The paper is centered upon the student as a source of learning for the language teacher and the biunivocal, teacher-student, student-teacher knowledge and experience transfer, in the context of life-long learning and the development of motivational strategies related to military foreign language education.

  4. Teachers' Attitudes and Students' Opposition. School Misconduct as a Reaction to Teachers' Diminished Effort and Affect

    Demanet, Jannick; Van Houtte, Mieke

    2012-01-01

    Recent decades have seen many studies dealing with the effects of teacher expectations. While most have focused on students' cognitive outcomes, we relate teacher expectations to student deviancy. We expect low expectations to be associated with students' feelings of futility and less teacher support, which, according to respectively strain theory…

  5. Library Research Instruction for Doctor of Ministry Students: Outcomes of Instruction Provided by a Theological Librarian and by a Program Faculty Member

    Charles D. Kamilos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available At some seminaries the question of who is more effective teaching library research is an open question.  There are two camps of thought: (1 that the program faculty member is more effective in providing library research instruction as he or she is intimately engaged in the subject of the course(s, or (2 that the theological librarian is more effective in providing library research instruction as he or she is more familiar with the scope of resources that are available, as well as how to obtain “hard to get” resources.   What began as a librarian’s interest in determining the extent to which Doctor of Ministry (DMin students begin their research using Google, resulted in the development of a survey.  Given the interesting results returned from the first survey in fall of 2008, the survey was conducted again in the fall of 2011.  The results of the comparative data led to the discovery of some useful data that will be used to adjust future instruction sessions for DMin students.  The results of the surveys indicated that the instruction provided by the theological librarian was more effective as students were more prepared to obtain and use resources most likely to provide the best information for course projects. Additionally, following the instruction of library research skills by the librarian (2011 survey, DMin students were more likely to begin the search process for information resources using university provided catalogs and databases than what was reported in the 2008 survey. The responses to the two surveys piqued interest regarding both eBook use during the research process and the reduction of research frustration to be addressed in a follow-up survey to be given in 2014, results of which we hope to report in a future article.

  6. Academic Librarians in Second Life

    Denise Cote

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The multi-user virtual world Second Life is an online software platform that allows users to jointly explore realistic three-dimensional environments via avatar characters, communicate via voice and text chat, and collaborate using shared creation tools. Librarians and educators have been developing academic content and services in Second Life for use with students and other constituency groups since 2005. This study surveyed academic librarians working in Second Life to discover their perceptions of virtual world environments for teaching and learning and to gauge the impact of this technology on their work with faculty and students. Sixty-two librarians provided details on various aspects of their professional involvement in Second Life. Findings show that librarians from every type of academic institution, at all levels of advancement, and in every department participate in this virtual world. Results include details of roles and functions, as well as perceived benefits and challenges. Because many adolescents and teenagers worldwide are currently active virtual world participants, academic librarians in Second Life view virtual world technology as a significant near-future educational trend.

  7. Working Together: Librarian and Student Collaboration for Active Learning in a Library Eclassroom

    Marcie Lynne Jacklin; Heather Pfaff

    2010-01-01

    Active learning strategies based on several learning theories were incorporated during instruction sessions for second year Biological Sciences students. The instructional strategies described in this paper are based primarily on sociocultural and collaborative learning theory, with the goal being to expand the relatively small body of literature currently available that discusses the application of these learning theories to library instruction. The learning strategies employed successfully ...

  8. Teaching practice: a make or break phase for student teachers

    Edith Kiggundu; Samuel Nayimuli

    2009-01-01

    Teaching practice is an integral component of teacher training. It grants student teachers experience in the actual teaching and learning environment. We explore the experiences of student teachers in the Vaal University of Technology Post­graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) during their 10 weeks' teaching practice in the Vaal area. In this article we aim to establish the ways in which these experiences influence the student teachers' perception of the teaching profession. Semi-structure...

  9. Disconnections between Teacher Expectations and Student Confidence in Bioethics

    Hanegan, Nikki L.; Price, Laura; Peterson, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    This study examines how student practice of scientific argumentation using socioscientific bioethics issues affects both teacher expectations of students' general performance and student confidence in their own work. When teachers use bioethical issues in the classroom students can gain not only biology content knowledge but also important…

  10. Tension between Students and Teachers in Urban High Schools

    Cheung, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    Many schools are characterized by a pervasive tension between students and teachers: Teachers want students to learn and so they set high expectations for students. Students become anxious about those expectations and often become resistant to learning, perhaps out of fear that they can't meet those expectations. School leaders can make a…

  11. Analyzing the Value Priorities of Families, Students and Teachers

    Mustafa, Tahiroglu; Vedat, Aktepe

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine to what extent families and teachers required students to have or not the values and to what extent students give priorities to these values. The study group of the research chosen through random sampling model included 79 teachers, 136 parents of students, and 149 students from 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th…

  12. Expectations of Achievement: Student, Teacher and Parent Perceptions

    Rubie-Davies, Christine M.; Peterson, Elizabeth; Irving, Earl; Widdowson, Deborah; Dixon, Robyn

    2010-01-01

    Teachers' expectations of students have been extensively studied for forty years. However, students' self-expectations and the expectations of parents are less well understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of student, teacher and parent expectations in relation to student achievement from the perspective of each group. Focus…

  13. Teachers' Use of Interactive Technology to Enhance Students' Metacognition: Awareness of Student Learning and Feedback

    Lee, Soon Chun; Irving, Karen; Pape, Stephen; Owens, Douglas

    2015-01-01

    Increased teacher awareness of student thinking and understanding enables teachers to better support students' learning by allowing for increased formative feedback that clarifies students' understanding and supports their construction of knowledge. However, many science teachers do not possess skills related to assessing student learning and…

  14. When Students Are Our Teachers

    Wiggins, Alexis

    2014-01-01

    When Alexis Wiggins returned to full-time teaching after having a baby, she took with her an idea from the book "A Path With Heart" by Buddhist Jack Kornfield. The idea was that each day might go better if she viewed everyone she encountered during that day, including any student or parent who seemed to make her teaching life harder, as…

  15. Teachers' Sense of Efficacy: Examining the Relationship of Teacher Efficacy and Student Achievement

    Alrefaei, Nouf

    The purpose of this study was to investigate which teachers' characteristics have an impact on teachers' sense of efficacy. In addition, the relationship between mathematics and science fifth grade teachers' sense of efficacy and student achievement was examined. Two characteristics related to teachers were examined: teachers' years of teaching experience and teachers' highest degree. Participants included 62 mathematics and science teachers from three school districts in Northwest Arkansas. When comparing fifth grade mathematics and science teachers' efficacy beliefs based on their highest degree, a significant difference in teachers' efficacy beliefs was found based on their degrees. Teachers with a Bachelor degree have higher total efficacy than teachers who hold Master's degrees. Moreover, an investigation to determine if there is a difference in mathematics and science teachers' efficacy beliefs in the three subscale of teachers' efficacy (for classroom management, for student engagement, and for instructional strategies) revealed a significant difference in teachers' efficacy for two of the three constructs. However, when examining teachers' sense of efficacy based on their teaching experience, no differences in teachers' efficacy were found. A correlation was conducted and the results indicated that there was no significant relationship between fifth grade teachers' sense of efficacy and students' achievement in the benchmark test in mathematics and science. The recommendations from this study should be used to inform other scholars and administrators of the importance of teachers' sense of efficacy in order to improve students' achievement gains.

  16. Teacher Education and Black Male Students in the United States

    H. Richard Milner

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Teacher education programs in the United States (U.S. struggle to prepare teachers to meet the complex needs of elementary and secondary students in public schools - especially those of color, those living in poverty, and those whose first language is not English. In this article, we argue for focused attention on preparing educators to teach African American male students as these students face particular institutional challenges in successfully navigating the U.S. public school system. Drawing from the significant body of research on teacher education and teacher learning for equity and social justice, four Black teacher educators discuss challenges they have faced in classes designed to prepare teachers to teach Black male students. Through an analysis of commonalities in their experiences, they propose means for teacher educators to foster greater understandings of the heterogeneity found among Black male students so that teachers can craft more responsive and responsible educational experiences for Black males.

  17. Quality of Student Paper Sources Improves after Individual Consultation with Librarians. A Review of: Reinsfelder, T. L. (2012. Citation analysis as a tool to measure the impact of individual research consultations. College & Research Libraries, 73(3, 263-277.

    Laura Newton Miller

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether the quality of sources used for a research paper will improve after a student receives one-on-one instruction with a librarian. To test citation analysis and a rating scale as means for measuring effectiveness of one-on-one consultations.Design – Citation analysis.Setting – Academic library of a large American university.Subjects – Papers from 10 courses were evaluated. In total, 76 students were asked to meet with librarians. Of these, 61 actually participated. Another 36 students from the control group were not asked to meet with a librarian (although 1 partook in a consultation.Methods – Librarians invited faculty to participate in a new service to help improve quality of student research papers. Eligible courses included those with a required research paper component where papers could be evaluated at different times in the project. Faculty instructed students in the class to meet with the librarian after a first draft of a paper was written. Students from seven courses were asked to meet with a librarian. Courses included English Composition (2, Geography (1, Child Development (1, Occupational Therapy (1, Marketing (1 and Women Writers (1. Three courses acted as control groups (all English Composition. After meeting with students to make recommendations, librarians used a rating scale (measuring relevancy, authority, appropriate dates and scope to review the quality of sources in both drafts and final papers.Main Results – One-on-one consultations with a librarian resulted in sources being of a higher quality in the final paper. With the exception of authority, the differences between draft and final paper were statistically significant in all measures (overall quality, relevance, dates and scope. Those in the control group showed no improvement in quality of sources between draft and final paper.Conclusion – Quality of sources in final paper improves after one-on-one consultations with librarians. The use of a rating scale is helpful in objectively measuring quality of sources, although there is potential for subjective interpretation.

  18. Does knowing stuff like PSHE and citizenship make me a better teacher?: Student teachers in the teacher training figuration

    Velija, P; Capel, S; Katene, W; Hayes, S

    2009-01-01

    One of the key elements of figurational sociology is the emphasis on understanding complex networks of interdependencies in which people are involved. The focal point of this paper is the process of initial teacher training (ITT) and the relationships of which student teachers are part during their ITT course. The paper does not look at what student teachers ought to think; rather, it is an exploration of why student teachers may think the way they do. The paper uses data which was collected ...

  19. Interaction in the classroom: district nurse students and their teachers.

    Clarridge, A; Couchman, W A; Holloway, I M

    1992-06-01

    This research project aimed to investigate interaction in the classroom between district nurse students and their teachers and to identify some characteristics of effective teaching and learning. The research explored events in the classroom and relationships between students and teachers, and students and their peers. Symbolic Interactionism was used as the theoretical framework. Ethnographic methods within qualitative research focused on the ways in which teachers and students organise themselves and their environment through roles, rules and procedures. PMID:1625670

  20. School Librarians: Vital Educational Leaders

    Martineau, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    In the new millennium, school librarians are more likely to be found sitting behind a computer as they update the library web page or create a wiki on genetically modified organisms. Or they might be seen in the library computer lab as they lead students through tutorials on annotated bibliographies or Google docs. If adequately supported, school…

  1. School Librarians: Vital Educational Leaders

    Martineau, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    In the new millennium, school librarians are more likely to be found sitting behind a computer as they update the library web page or create a wiki on genetically modified organisms. Or they might be seen in the library computer lab as they lead students through tutorials on annotated bibliographies or Google docs. If adequately supported, school

  2. Failing Intercultural Education? "Thoughtfulness" in Intercultural Education for Student Teachers

    Lanas, Maija

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a rethinking of intercultural education in teacher education, arguing that discussion of the intercultural education of student teachers tends to have the following two gaps: "one," such discussion tends to overlook student teacher education as a context for teaching intercultural education, and "two," it

  3. Immigrant Teachers, American Students: Cultural Differences, Cultural Disconnections

    Florence, Namulundah

    2010-01-01

    Teachers, as often as students, articulate frustrations over each other's choices and expectations. A teacher's demand for respect may appear an imposition and abuse of authority to students accustomed to speaking out against perceived injustices. All teachers experience some tentativeness, especially in an unfamiliar environment. Since classroom…

  4. Meeting the Needs of the Handicapped Student Teacher.

    Funk, Fanchon F.; Fletcher, Donna

    Advice is provided for administrators and teachers who have a physically handicapped student teacher under their supervision. The following topics are discussed: (1) adaptations that may be needed in the physical environment of the school; (2) preparing the pupils and staff to accept and understand a handicapped student teacher; (3) when and if

  5. How and Why Do Student Teachers Use ICT?

    Hammond, M.; Reynolds, L.; Ingram, J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines how and why student teachers made use of information and communication technology (ICT) during a 1-year initial teacher education programme from 2008 to 2009. This is a mixed methods study involving a survey (N = 340) of the entire cohort and a series of semi-structured interviews with a sample of student teachers within the…

  6. Failing Intercultural Education? "Thoughtfulness" in Intercultural Education for Student Teachers

    Lanas, Maija

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a rethinking of intercultural education in teacher education, arguing that discussion of the intercultural education of student teachers tends to have the following two gaps: "one," such discussion tends to overlook student teacher education as a context for teaching intercultural education, and "two," it…

  7. Student Teachers' Sense-Making of an Instructional Ecology.

    Broadway, Francis S.

    1999-01-01

    Examined four urban elementary student teachers' use of sense-making in analyzing one teacher's work within a specific instructional ecology. Student teachers viewed a videotape of an elementary science lesson. Data from lesson plans, viewing notes, and interviews highlighted what their sense-making included, how they described an instructional

  8. Teachers' Task Demands, Students' Test Expectations, and Actual Test Content

    Broekkamp, H.; Van Hout-Wolters, B. H. A. M.; Van den Bergh, H.; Rijlaarsdam, G.

    2004-01-01

    Background: Previous studies on instructional importance show that individual students and their teachers differ in the topics that they consider important in the context of an upcoming teacher-made test. Aims: This study aimed to examine whether such differences between students' test expectations and teachers' intended task demands can be

  9. Teachers' Judgements of Students' Foreign-Language Achievement

    Zhu, Mingjing; Urhahne, Detlef

    2015-01-01

    Numerous studies have been conducted on the accuracy of teacher judgement in different educational areas such as mathematics, language arts and reading. Teacher judgement of students' foreign-language achievement, however, has been rarely investigated. The study aimed to examine the accuracy of teacher judgement of students' foreign-language

  10. A Handbook for Student Teachers and Supervising Teachers in Vocational Agriculture.

    Priebe, Donald; And Others

    This handbook is intended for use as a general guide by student teachers and supervising teachers in planning student teaching experiences in vocational agriculture. Section A is an introduction. It discusses the student teaching experience, defines selected terms, and lists objectives specific to student teaching. Section B lists criteria for

  11. Student teachers' professional learning in teaching practicum

    Ma, Xiuli; 马秀丽

    2012-01-01

    This thesis reports on an ethnographic inquiry into student teachers’ professional learning and development in a four-month practicum, during which no mentor is present. The subject background is Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL) in mainland China. This study draws on a variety of theories, such as Wenger’s social learning theory, Brookfield’s significant personal learning theory, Fuller’s teacher concern theory and Ghaye’s reflection hierarchy model, to conceptualize a theoretica...

  12. Supportive relationship: Experiences of Iranian students and teachers concerning student-teacher relationship in clinical nursing education

    Heydari, Abbas; Yaghoubinia, Fariba; Roudsari, Robab Latifnejad

    2013-01-01

    Background: Student-teacher relationship is a salient issue in nursing education and has long-lasting implication in professional development of nursing students. Nowadays, this relationship in clinical settings is different from the past due to changing in nursing education paradigm. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of students and teachers about student-teacher relationship in the context of clinical nursing education in Iran. Materials and Methods: In th...

  13. STUDENT TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHER COMPETENCE AND THEIR ATTRIBUTIONS FOR SUCCESS AND FAILURE IN LEARNING

    Feryal CUBUKCU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Whitty (1996 :8990 identifies two sets of qualities that characterise a successful professional teacher: professional characteristics and professional competences. Professional characteristics include professional values, personal and professional development, communication and relationships as well as synthesis and application. Professional competences include knowledge and understanding of children and their learning, subject knowledge, curriculum, the education system and the teachers role. On the other hand, Medley and Shannon (1994 hold that there are three dimensions of teacher quality instead of two: teacher effectiveness (the degree to which a teacher achieves desired effects upon students, teacher competence (the extent to which a teacher has the knowledge and skills and teacher performance (how a teacher behaves in the process of teaching. In situations where the teachers are interpersonally oriented, attentive, empathic and fully cognizant of the students ability and they believe in the students, the students are extremely positive towards teaching (Skolverket, 1995; Chedzoy and Burden, 2007. Even if differences between schools and classes can be explained to a certain extent by factors in the students backgrounds, it is believed that teachers and school leaders are those who have the greatest influence on the schools inner environment and culture. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to probe how student teachers in the English language teaching department see teachers competence and skills, to which factors they attribute their success and failure in language learning , and what they think the solutions are.

  14. Principals' Social Interactions with Teachers: How Principal-Teacher Social Relations Correlate with Teachers' Perceptions of Student Engagement

    Price, Heather E.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to link the social interactions between principals and their teachers to teachers' perceptions of their students' engagement with school, empirically testing the theoretical proposition that principals influence students through their teachers in the US charter school environment. The mediating influence of…

  15. Teaching Music in Our Time: Student Music Teachers' Reflections on Music Education, Teacher Education and Becoming a Teacher

    Georgii-Hemming, E.; Westvall, M.

    2010-01-01

    This article concerns students of music education in Sweden. It investigates the student teachers' perceptions of their ongoing music teacher education, with a particular focus on the task of teaching music today. It considers whether they believe their teacher education prepares them for this undertaking, and in that case, how. Their various…

  16. The Effects of Teachers' Expectations about Students' Motivation On Teachers Autonomy-Supportive and Controlling Behaviors

    Sarrazin, Philippe; Tessier, Damien; Pelletier, Luc; Trouilloud, David; Chanal, Julien

    2006-01-01

    Previous studies in both educational and sport settings have examined the relationship between teachers' and coaches' expectations and behaviors towards students and athletes. The purpose of the present study was to extend this line of research by examining the effects of teachers' expectations about students' motivation on the frequency of controlling and autonomy-supportive behaviors. Following the assessment of teachers' expectations about students' motivation and the assessment of student...

  17. LIBRARY USE IN AFGHAN TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES : Reading Culture among Teacher Students

    Saii, Mohammad Zaman

    2013-01-01

    Reading culture and library use in Afghan education area can be a very important issue to be studied particularly, in teacher training colleges because these institutions play a very important role in spreading and developing reading culture and library use among students. Moreover, students of TTCs as teacher students and future teachers get reading habit in order to convey it to their school students and can be very affective to establishment of this culture among them. This study is aimed ...

  18. Ethnic Incongruence and the Student-Teacher Relationship: The Perspective of Ethnic Majority Teachers

    Thijs, Jochem; Westhof, Saskia; Koomen, Helma

    2012-01-01

    Among 36 ethnic-Dutch school teachers in the Netherlands, the present study examined the role of ethnic incongruence in perceived student-teacher relationship quality. Teachers rated their relationships with 59 Turkish-Dutch, 62 Moroccan-Dutch, and 109 ethnic-Dutch students attending grades 4 through 6 (M[subscript age] = 10.81 years, SD = 1.05).…

  19. The Differing Perceptions of Teachers & Students Regarding Teachers' Emphasis on Evaluation in High School Biology Classrooms

    Moore, Randy

    2007-01-01

    In a sample of 107 biology teachers from Minnesota's public schools, most teachers claimed that they emphasize evolution and allocated little or no time to creationism in the classes. However, in a sample of 685 students from Minnesota's public schools, students claimed that their teachers allocated much less time to evolution and much more time…

  20. "Walking Yourself around as a Teacher": Gender and Embodiment in Student Teachers' Working Lives

    Braun, Annette

    2011-01-01

    This paper considers the psychic and social dynamics reported by student teachers when learning to embody their teacher persona in the secondary school environment. Focusing on gender dimensions of embodiment and drawing on qualitative interview data from a UK study of postgraduate teacher-training students, teaching is examined as a physical…

  1. "Walking Yourself around as a Teacher": Gender and Embodiment in Student Teachers' Working Lives

    Braun, Annette

    2011-01-01

    This paper considers the psychic and social dynamics reported by student teachers when learning to embody their teacher persona in the secondary school environment. Focusing on gender dimensions of embodiment and drawing on qualitative interview data from a UK study of postgraduate teacher-training students, teaching is examined as a physical

  2. Teacher Attitudes toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia

    Hornstra, Lisette; Denessen, Eddie; Bakker, Joep; van den Bergh, Linda; Voeten, Marinus

    2010-01-01

    The present study examined teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the effects of these attitudes on teacher expectations and the academic achievement of students with dyslexia compared to students without learning disabilities. The attitudes of 30 regular education teachers toward dyslexia were determined using both an implicit measure and an…

  3. Teacher to Teacher: What Text Have You Found Most Successful with Your Students?

    Rallo, Curt; Roessing, Lesley J.

    2006-01-01

    "Teacher to Teacher" provides a forum for teachers to share ideas, materials, and activities. In this article, the first teacher describes the effects the well-known novel "Bleachers" (John Grisham, New York: Doubleday, 2003) had on a ninth-grade english class. The novel bought to life the high school culture that the students found challenging.

  4. Collaboration beyond the Classroom Walls: Deepening Learning for Students, Preservice Teachers, Teachers, and Professors

    Nobles, Susanne; Dredger, Katie; Gerheart, Megan Dixon

    2012-01-01

    Geographically distant classrooms can be a ripe learning space for teacher educators who want to show preservice teachers the power of technology in the English classroom. A classroom teacher described how she used a social networking platform to allow for collaboration with a preservice teacher in the hopes of making student literary analysis

  5. Student Teachers' Professional Identity Formation: Between Being Born as a Teacher and Becoming One

    Schepens, Annemie; Aelterman, Antonia; Vlerick, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on student teachers' professional identity formation inspired by the tension between two layman points of view namely: being born as a teacher (i.e. based on demographics and personality traits) and becoming a teacher (i.e. based on experience). Besides demographics, personality traits and experience, the teacher preparation…

  6. Effects of Teacher Consultation on Evidence-Based Classroom Management Strategies: Teacher and Student Behavior

    Funk, Kristin M.

    2013-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) conducted the online 2005-2006 Teacher Needs Survey wherein 52% of first year teachers, 28% of teachers with two to five years of experience, and 26% of teachers with 6 to 10 years experience ranked classroom management as their greatest need. Difficulty managing student behaviors leads to higher stress…

  7. Internationally Educated Teachers and Student Teachers in Iceland: Two Qualitative Studies

    Ragnarsdottir, Hanna

    2010-01-01

    This article draws upon two qualitative studies with internationally educated teachers and teacher assistants in preschools in Iceland as well as ethnic minority student teachers at the Iceland University of Education. The common research question in both studies is whether the experiences of these teachers reveal barriers to integration within

  8. College Success: High School Librarians Make the Difference

    Smalley, Topsy N.

    2004-01-01

    Many students who enroll in a community college "Information Research" course come from three local school districts. Of those three districts, only one has librarians. Through examining grade rosters, this study demonstrates that student achievement is substantially higher for students who come from high schools that have librarians and library

  9. The Influence of Teachers on Student Observation in Science Classes.

    Haslam, Filocha; Gunstone, Richard

    This study investigates the ideas and beliefs of a small group of high school science teachers about student observations in the science classroom. Student views on science classroom observations have been previously reported on, but teachers and their students' ideas about observation is a very little researched area in science education. There…

  10. Classroom Emotional Climate, Teacher Affiliation, and Student Conduct

    Brackett, Marc A.; Reyes, Maria Regina; Rivers, Susan E.; Elbertson, Nicole A.; Salovey, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Using a multi-method, multi-level approach, this study examined the link between classroom emotional climate and student conduct, including as a mediator the role of teacher affiliation, i.e., students' perceptions of their relationships with their teachers. Data were collected from 90 fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms (n = 2,000 students) and

  11. Focusing on Form: Student Engagement with Teacher Feedback.

    Hyland, Fiona

    2003-01-01

    Explores the relationship between teacher feedback and student revision in two academic writing classes. Adopts a case study approach and looks at all the feedback given to six students over a complete course. Examines the extent to which teachers focused on formal language concerns when they gave feedback and the use that students made of this…

  12. Student Teacher Beliefs before and after the Internship

    Schramm-Possinger, Megan Elise

    2012-01-01

    Teachers' beliefs about pedagogical practices and disciplinary procedures as well as their perceptions of students powerfully influence the corresponding approaches they utilize. The student teaching experience is cited as one of the most critical facets of teachers' professional development. That which is learned by student teachers…

  13. Changing Primary Students' Perceptions of Teacher Interpersonal Behaviours in Science

    Waldrip, B.; Reene, Paula; Fisher, Darrell; Dorman, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    The paper reports on part of a large-scale study aimed at examining students' perceptions of teacher-student interactions. This paper will report on a study utilising mixed methodology in 12 Queensland primary classrooms. After the students' perceptions were established, the teachers, through a consultative process, developed strategies to change…

  14. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two

  15. Impact of Student Teaching on Student Teachers' Beliefs Related to Behaviorist and Constructivist Theories of Learning.

    Woolley, Sandra L.; Woolley, Anita Williams; Hosey, Michele

    This study examined changes in student teachers' beliefs related to behaviorist and constructivist learning theories as a result of student teaching and the impact of their cooperating teachers' beliefs on those changes. Participants included all 38 spring 1998 student teachers in an elementary education program at a small state university in

  16. Student Perceptions of Their Biology Teacher's Interpersonal Teaching Behaviors and Student Achievement

    Madike, Victor N.

    Inadequate student-teacher interactions in undergraduate courses have been linked to poor student performance. Researchers have noted that students' perceptions of student-teacher relationships may be an important factor related to student performance. The administration of a Mid-Atlantic community college prioritized increasing undergraduate biology student performance. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between students' biology achievement and their perceptions of interpersonal teaching behaviors and student-teacher interactions in introductory biology courses. Leary's theory on interpersonal communication and the systems communication theory of Watzlawick, Beavin, and Jackson served as the theoretical foundation. The Wubbel's Likert-scale questionnaire on student-teacher interactions was administered to 318 undergraduate biology students. Non-parametric Spearman's rank correlations revealed a significant direct correlation between students' grades and their perceptions of teachers' interpersonal teaching behaviors. The relationship between student achievement and students' perceptions of student-teacher interactions prompted the recommendation for additional study on the importance of student-teacher interactions in undergraduate programs. A recommendation for local practice included faculty development on strategies for improving student-teacher interactions. The study's implications for positive social change include increased understanding for administrators and instructors on the importance of teacher-student interactions at the community college level.

  17. Assessing student teachers' reflective writing through quantitative content analysis

    Poldner, Eric; Van der Schaaf, Marieke|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073361917; Simons, P. Robert Jan|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/068032994; van Tartwijk, Jan|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/112629385; Wijngaards, Guus

    2014-01-01

    Students' reflective essay writing can be stimulated by the formative assessments provided to them by their teachers. Such assessments contain information about the quality of students' reflective writings and offer suggestions for improvement. Despite the importance of formatively assessing students' reflective writings in teacher education programmes, it is difficult for teacher educators to provide high-quality formative assessments. In this article, a quantitative content analysis procedu...

  18. Developing scientific literacy for student teachers through active learning

    Wing Mui SO; May Hung CHENG

    2001-01-01

    This paper reported a study on how active learning of science enhanced the scientific literacy of student teachers of a Bachelor of Education Programme. The study aimed to investigate the development of student teachers' science understanding, skills and attitudes, which are the important components of scientific literacy, after active participation in science activities. The sample selected for the study consisted of 79 student teachers, their work and writings on their journals were collec...

  19. Exploring prospective secondary mathematics teachers' interpretation of student thinking through analysing students' work in modelling

    Didis, Makbule Gozde; Erbas, Ayhan Kursat; Cetinkaya, Bulent; Cakiroglu, Erdinc; Alacaci, Cengiz

    2016-04-01

    Researchers point out the importance of teachers' knowledge of student thinking and the role of examining student work in various contexts to develop a knowledge base regarding students' ways of thinking. This study investigated prospective secondary mathematics teachers' interpretations of students' thinking as manifested in students' work that embodied solutions of mathematical modelling tasks. The data were collected from 25 prospective mathematics teachers enrolled in an undergraduate course through four 2-week-long cycles. Analysis of data revealed that the prospective teachers interpreted students' thinking in four ways: describing, questioning, explaining, and comparing. Moreover, whereas some of the prospective teachers showed a tendency to increase their attention to the meaning of students' ways of thinking more while they engaged in students' work in depth over time and experience, some of them continued to focus on only judging the accuracy of students' thinking. The implications of the findings for understanding and developing prospective teachers' ways of interpreting students' thinking are discussed.

  20. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    2011-01-01

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe,...

  1. Teacher-Student Interactions as Predicted by Teaching Stress and the Perceived Quality of the Student-Teacher Relationship.

    Abidin, Richard R.; Kmetz, Christal A.

    This paper reports on a study that examined teachers' perceptions of their relationships with specific students, their experience of stress in relation to those students, and whether those perceptions and experiences translate into observable differences in actual teacher behavior toward those students in the classroom. Specifically, the project…

  2. The role of veterinary medical librarians in teaching information literacy.

    Dinkelman, Andrea L; Viera, Ann R; Bickett-Weddle, Danelle A

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study seeks to determine the nature of the instruction librarians provide to veterinary medical students at all 28 United States veterinary colleges. A secondary goal of the study was to determine in what ways and to what extent librarians participated in other instructional activities at their colleges. Over half of the librarians formally taught in one or more courses, predominantly in the first two years of the veterinary curriculum. One presentation per course was most common. Over half of the librarians interviewed stated that evidence-based veterinary medicine was taught at their colleges, and about half of these librarians collaborated with veterinary faculty in this instruction. Many librarians participated in orientation for first-year veterinary students. The librarians also taught instructional sessions for residents, interns, faculty, graduate students, and practicing veterinarians. This study found that librarians teach information literacy skills both formally and informally, but, in general, instruction by librarians was not well integrated into the curriculum. This study advances several recommendations to help veterinary students develop information literacy skills. These include: encourage veterinary faculty and administrators to collaborate more closely with librarians, incorporate a broader array of information literacy skills into assignments, and add a literature evaluation course to the curriculum. PMID:22023922

  3. A Study of Environmental Awareness of Student Teachers and Teachers in Relation of Their Emotional Intelligence

    Seema Sharma

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed at finding out the relationship between environmental awareness and emotional intelligence of student teachers and teachers. The sample of the study consisted of 200 student teachers (100 male and 100 female) and also of 100 teachers (50 male and 50 female). The sample was taken from 15 self-financed B.Ed. colleges of Ghaziabad District of CCS University, Meerut (UP). Environmental awareness measure scale by Dr. P. K. Jha and emotional intelligence inventory by Dr. S. K. Manga...

  4. SOAP in Practice: Learning Outcomes of a Cross-Institutional Innovation Project Conducted by Teachers, Student Teachers, and Teacher Educators

    Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a case study investigating learning outcomes at the individual and organizational level of a cross-institutional innovation project based on the SOAP approach. SOAP integrates Schooling of teachers, Organizational development of schools, Action- and development-oriented research, and Professional development of teachers. The innovation project was aimed at combining teachers, student teachers, and teacher educators in an alliance to design and develop new competence-base...

  5. The Negro American: A Reading List for Elementary Teachers.

    Ferrante, Joan

    The reading lists in this document are designed as guidelines for the elementary school librarian in selecting materials about Afro-Americans for students and teachers, and for information purposes. The lists are also designed as background reading for elementary school teachers for preparing a curriculum of integrated materials, in using

  6. Developing scientific literacy for student teachers through active learning

    Wing Mui SO

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reported a study on how active learning of science enhanced the scientific literacy of student teachers of a Bachelor of Education Programme. The study aimed to investigate the development of student teachers' science understanding, skills and attitudes, which are the important components of scientific literacy, after active participation in science activities. The sample selected for the study consisted of 79 student teachers, their work and writings on their journals were collected and analyzed. These included student teachers' expected observations, observations and records, and interpretations in the activities; thoughts and reflections after engaging in the activities; the descriptions of the science skills used and the importance of each skill. Features of practice that supported active learning of science through different aspects of science activities were identified. Issues to be considered in future use of science activities in teacher education program to develop student teachers' scientific literacy were also discussed.

  7. Teacher Evaluation of Student Ability: What Roles Do Teacher Gender, Student Gender, and Their Interaction Play?

    Krkovic, Katarina; Greiff, Samuel; Kupiainen, Sirkku; Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina; Hautamki, Jarkko

    2014-01-01

    Background: Recent decades have been marked by an extensive movement to analyze bias in people's thinking, especially in gender-related issues. Studies have addressed the question of gender bias in classrooms on different levels--the use of gender in books, learning opportunities determined by students' gender, or teachers' gender

  8. New directions for academic liaison librarians

    Crawford, Alice

    2012-01-01

    Aimed at practitioners and students of librarianship, this book is about interesting and unusual practical projects currently being run by academic liaison librarians. It shows how liaison librarians can extend their roles beyond the established one of information literacy teaching and showcases areas in which they can engage in collaborative ventures with academic and administrative staff. Designed to excite and inspire, New Directions for Academic Liaison Librarians demonstrates the potential of the liaison role and emphasises the need for flexibility, imagination and initiative in those who

  9. Student Perceptions of Teacher Violations of Human Rights

    Buxton, Thomas H.; Prichard, Keith W.

    1973-01-01

    Reports on a study conducted among 815 high school students in three schools -- urban, suburban, and rural. The study revealed that 81 percent of the students perceive teachers to be violating the right to respect for their opinions. (Author)

  10. Actual and Preferred Teacher Feedback on Student Blog Writing

    Chen, Wen-Chun

    2014-01-01

    This research illustrates the provisions and receptivity of teacher feedback in a blogmediated writing project between two colleges. The blog serves as a peer collaboration platform, as well as a mediating tool for teachers to offer timely feedback or prompt student idea exchanges. This paper discusses how teacher feedback may alter in response to…

  11. Challenging Teacher Beliefs about Student Engagement in Mathematics

    Bobis, Janette; Way, Jennifer; Anderson, Judy; Martin, Andrew J.

    2016-01-01

    This study explored the beliefs about student engagement in mathematics of three Year 5 and 6 teachers, focusing on the shifts that occurred during a 10-week intervention. Data obtained from teacher surveys, interviews, video-recorded workshop observations and artefacts from teachers' classrooms reveal variations in their reactions to the…

  12. Providing for Student Voice in Classroom Management: Teachers' Views

    Lewis, Ramon; Burman, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Recent research indicates that teachers would prefer to allow for more student voice in classroom discipline decision-making than is currently the case. This paper identifies factors that teachers suggest inhibit them from implementing their ideas of best disciplinary practice. It also examines which classroom discipline issues teachers are…

  13. Students' Expectations about the Processing Demandsof Teacher-Made Tests

    Broekkamp, H.; Van Hout-Wolters, B.H.A.M.; Van den Bergh, H.; Rijlaarsdam, G.

    2004-01-01

    History teachers (N=22) and their 11th-grade students (N=451) rated the importanceof four types of questions (verbatim, paraphrase, inference and skill items) by indicating the degree to which these questions were to be expected in an upcoming teacher-made test about a particular textbook chapter. In addition, teachers classified their actual

  14. Ability to Manage Own Learning Time among Student-Teachers

    Gafoor, Kunnathodi Abdul; Jouhar Munavvir, T.

    2010-01-01

    Teaching among other things provides persons with the knacks and know-how to learn. Hence, teacher education must clarify for student teachers what education and learning are and how to further own and others' learning. This is especially important as many prospective teachers see Bachelor's Degree in Education as something which can be…

  15. Regression analysis exploring teacher impact on student FCI post scores

    Mahadeo, Jonathan V.; Manthey, Seth R.; Brewe, Eric

    2013-01-01

    High School Modeling Workshops are designed to improve high school physics teachers' understanding of physics and how to teach using the Modeling method. The basic assumption is that the teacher plays a critical role in their students' physics education. This study investigated teacher impacts on students' Force Concept Inventory scores, (FCI), with the hopes of identifying quantitative differences between teachers. This study examined student FCI scores from 18 teachers with at least a year of teaching high school physics. This data was then evaluated using a General Linear Model (GLM), which allowed for a regression equation to be fitted to the data. This regression equation was used to predict student post FCI scores, based on: teacher ID, student pre FCI score, gender, and representation. The results show 12 out of 18 teachers significantly impact their student post FCI scores. The GLM further revealed that of the 12 teachers only five have a positive impact on student post FCI scores. Given these differences among teachers it is our intention to extend our analysis to investigate pedagogical differences between them.

  16. Time and project management strategies for librarians

    Smallwood, Carol; Fraser, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    As budgets for libraries continue to shrink, the key challenge facing the 21st century librarian is finding how to do more with less. This book features more than thirty essays that provide valuable tips for the professional who must cope with increasing demands upon their resources. Librarians will get tips on how to identify the most important tasks for the library; eliminate non-essential functions and processes; increase reliance on volunteers, interns, and students; optimize daily routines; and more.

  17. Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians

    Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

  18. Leadership Effects on Student Learning Mediated by Teacher Emotions

    Jingping Sun

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available School leaders’ influence on student achievement is largely indirect. Using systematic review techniques, this paper assesses the impact that leaders have on their students when they focus their improvement efforts on those teacher emotions or dispositions known to have direct effects on teaching and learning in the classroom. Building on an earlier conceptions of how leadership influences student learning and based on a review of research over the last 25 years, this study identifies four distinct teacher emotions which have significant effects on student learning—collective teacher efficacy, teacher commitment, teacher trust in others, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. This review also describes leadership practices likely to foster productive teacher emotions, most such practices reflecting a transformational approach to leadership.

  19. Teacher-Students Verbal Interaction at the Secondary Level

    Inamullah, Hafiz Muhammad; Hussain, Ishtiaq; Din, M. Naseer Ud

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to explore teacher-student verbal interaction in the secondary level classes using the Flanders Interaction Analysis system (FIA). Its findings and conclusions may stimulate teachers at the secondary level to improve their teaching behaviour in order to maximize students' learning.

  20. Effects of Teacher Professional Learning Activities on Student Achievement Growth

    Akiba, Motoko; Liang, Guodong

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined the effects of six types of teacher professional learning activities on student achievement growth over 4 years using statewide longitudinal survey data collected from 467 middle school mathematics teachers in 91 schools merged with 11,192 middle school students' mathematics scores in a standardized assessment in Missouri. The…

  1. Writing II for 2nd Year EFL Student Teachers

    Abdallah, Mahmoud M. S.

    2015-01-01

    Writing is a very important skill that should be mastered properly by university students, especially pre-service language teachers (e.g. EFL student teachers). In order to present their ideas efficiently in the context of their academic study, they have to be trained well on how to write meaningful pieces (e.g. essays, academic reports,…

  2. Using Blended Learning in Developing Student Teachers Teaching Skills

    Isman, Aytekin; Abanmy, Fahad AbdulAziz; Hussein, Hisham Barakat; Al Saadany, Mohammed Abdelrahman

    2012-01-01

    The research aims to determine the effectiveness of using blended learning Approach in developing student teachers teaching skills, and defining teaching skills that confront students of teachers college at King Saud University need it. The research uses the Quasi- Experimental approach, with four experimental groups (Mathematics (21)--Science

  3. Student Science Teachers' Ideas about the Degradation of Ecosystems

    Cardak, Osman; Dikmenli, Musa

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate student science teachers' opinions about the causes of degradation of ecosystems and the effects of such degradations on the environment. This research focuses on the following questions: What kind of descriptions do student science teachers ascribe to the reasons of degradation in ecosystems? What are…

  4. Standards in the Classroom: How Teachers and Students Negotiate Learning.

    Kordalewski, John

    This book explores how standards are negotiated and created within classrooms, addressing how they actually play out in classrooms from the point of view of students and teachers. It follows the experiences of students and teachers at urban Powell High School who wrestled with curricula designed to expand their achievement. The book presents four…

  5. Emphatic Tendency Scale for Student Teachers: Validity and Reliability Studies

    Kocak, Canan; Onen, Aysem Seda

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity and reliability of the Empathic Tendency Scale, which was developed in order to identify student teachers' empathic tendencies. The sampling of the study consisted of 730 student teachers studying at Hacettepe University Faculty of Education. To determine the factor pattern of Empathic

  6. Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter

    Aydin, Abdullah; Altuk, Yasemin Gödek

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to determine science students teachers' conceptions on the concepts related to "the matter and the states of the matter". 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the…

  7. Peeling the Onion: Student Teacher's Conceptions of Literary Understanding.

    Carlsson, Maj Asplund; Fulop, Marta; Marton, Ference

    2001-01-01

    Studied the theories student teachers held about literary understanding through interviews with 25 Hungarian and 8 Swedish student teachers. Categories of theories captured a substantial portion of the variation in how literary understanding can be seen. Three central aspects of human understanding, variation, discernment, and simultaneity, could

  8. Motivation for Math in Rural Schools: Student and Teacher Perspectives

    Hardre, Patricia L.

    2011-01-01

    Rural schools, students, teachers, administrators, families and community leaders face unique challenges from those of their urban and suburban counterparts. This paper investigates motivation in rural secondary schools, with a particular focus on mathematics, from teacher and student perspectives. It integrates recent research on math learning

  9. Computer Literacy Learning Emotions of ODL Teacher-Students

    Esterhuizen, Hendrik D.; Blignaut, A. Seugnet; Els, Christo J.; Ellis, Suria M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the affective human experiences in terms of the emotions of South African teacher-students while attaining computer competencies for teaching and learning, and for ODL. The full mixed method study investigated how computers contribute towards affective experiences of disadvantaged teacher-students. The purposive sample related

  10. Teachers' Views of Student's Self-Determination and Citizenship Skills

    Martin, Leisa A.; Morehart, Lindsey M.; Lauzon, Glenn P.; Daviso, Alfred W.

    2013-01-01

    This phenomenological study examined special education teachers' views of students' self-determination and citizenship skills. Although the special education teachers in this study maintained that self-determination skills help promote citizenship, only one of them added self-determination goals to her students' individualized educational plans…

  11. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Student Teacher Performance

    Drew, Todd L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether student teacher performance is associated with emotional intelligence. The results indicate that emotional intelligence (as assessed by the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory) and college supervisors' assessments of student teacher performance are related. While total emotional quotient scores…

  12. Peeling the Onion: Student Teacher's Conceptions of Literary Understanding.

    Carlsson, Maj Asplund; Fulop, Marta; Marton, Ference

    2001-01-01

    Studied the theories student teachers held about literary understanding through interviews with 25 Hungarian and 8 Swedish student teachers. Categories of theories captured a substantial portion of the variation in how literary understanding can be seen. Three central aspects of human understanding, variation, discernment, and simultaneity, could…

  13. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Student Teacher Performance

    Drew, Todd L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether student teacher performance is associated with emotional intelligence. The results indicate that emotional intelligence (as assessed by the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory) and college supervisors' assessments of student teacher performance are related. While total emotional quotient scores

  14. Impact on Student Learning: National Board Certified Teachers' Perceptions

    Petty, Teresa M.; Good, Amy J.; Handler, Laura K.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report National Board Certified Teachers' (NBCTs) perceived impact on student learning. The guiding research question for this study, "How do teachers perceive the influence of the National Board Certification process on student learning in their own classrooms?" was explored. A total of 496 NBCTs…

  15. Computer Literacy Learning Emotions of ODL Teacher-Students

    Esterhuizen, Hendrik D.; Blignaut, A. Seugnet; Els, Christo J.; Ellis, Suria M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the affective human experiences in terms of the emotions of South African teacher-students while attaining computer competencies for teaching and learning, and for ODL. The full mixed method study investigated how computers contribute towards affective experiences of disadvantaged teacher-students. The purposive sample related…

  16. Quality and Quantity of Friendship: Students' and Teachers' Perceptions.

    Heiman, Tali

    2000-01-01

    Significant differences were found in perceptions of friendship when 121 adolescents with mild mental retardation (MR) in special education and 189 students studying in self-contained classrooms in regular schools were compared with 50 teacher reports. Students with MR in special schools reported having few friends, while teachers estimated these

  17. L2 Teacher Characteristics as Predictors of Students' Academic Achievement

    Akbari, Ramin; Allvar, Nabi Karimi

    2010-01-01

    There is a substantial research base, mainly in mainstream education, acknowledging that teachers have a great impact on student achievement. However, as far as we know, little if any empirical evidence exists to enable us to determine which set of English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher characteristics correlates with positive student

  18. Librarian teachers on the move: are video tutorials an effective alternative tool for library information literacy instruction?: a case study

    De Sutter, Daisy

    2012-01-01

    The Ghent Biomedical Library research group has performed research over the last year on teaching information literacy in the Biomedical curriculum. The impact of a differentiated teaching methodology was studied in a framework of blended learning, with the first year university students acquiring information literacy competences. First year Bachelor students in Biomedical Sciences at Ghent University were asked to study video tutorials as a possible alternative teaching methodology to other ...

  19. Getting Students to Write Using Comics

    Crilley, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Graphic novels are the perfect meeting place of words and pictures and as such offer an excellent way of getting visually-oriented students to read. Teacher-librarians picked up on this a long time ago and have been adding graphic novels to their collection in ever increasing numbers. In this article, the author discusses how teachers and

  20. Librarians in Evidence-Based Medicine Curricula: A Qualitative Study of Librarian Roles, Training, and Desires for Future Development.

    Maggio, Lauren A; Durieux, Nancy; Tannery, Nancy H

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to describe librarians' roles in evidence-based medicine (EBM) from the librarian perspective, identify how librarians are trained to teach, and highlight preferences for professional development. A multiinstitution qualitative study was conducted. Nine medical librarians identified by their faculty as integrated into EBM training were interviewed. Participants' descriptions indicated that they were active in curriculum development, deployment (including teaching activities), and assessment to support EBM. Participants identified direct experience and workshop participation as primary methods of learning to teach. Participants desired continuing development as teachers and requested opportunities for in-person workshops, shadowing physicians, and online training. PMID:26496397

  1. Reflective Processes: A Qualitative Study Exploring Early Learning Student Teacher Mentoring Experiences in Student Teaching Practicums

    Barnes, Michelle M.

    2013-01-01

    This doctoral thesis explored mentoring in early learning teacher preparation programs. This study explored the reflective processes embedded in the work between student teachers and their mentors during early learning student teacher experiences at Washington State community and technical colleges. Schon's (1987a) concepts of…

  2. The Effects of Student and Teacher Characteristics on Teacher Impressions of – and Responses to – Student Behaviors

    Amity Noltemeyer; Claire Kunesh; Cody Hostutler; Patrick Frato; Brianna J Sarr-Kerman

    2012-01-01

    This study examined how student characteristics (e.g., race, gender) and teacher characteristics (e.g., race, gender, years of experience, confidence in behavior management) influence the way teachers perceive and respond to student behaviors in the U.S.A. A rigorous process was used to develop and pilot a survey consisting of questions about a defiant student behavioral incident that might be encountered in a school. This process involved systematically identifying student names that would i...

  3. Student Achievement in Middle Grades: Gauging the Effect of Teacher Training on Student Learning

    Gnedko, Natalya S.

    2013-01-01

    In the United States, teacher certification has been a baseline measure of teacher quality and gateway to the teaching profession for many decades. Research suggests that teacher certification is beneficial to student achievement, with findings particularly promising when content area of teacher certification is taken into account. Positive…

  4. Thirty-One Students: Reflections of a First-Year Teacher of Students with Mental Retardation.

    Carter, Karen Butcher; Scruggs, Thomas E.

    2001-01-01

    The experiences of a first-year teacher of students with mild mental retardation are described from the perspective of that teacher. The enormous burdens that can be placed on new teachers in difficult situations are highlighted and implications are discussed for teacher educators, interpersonal relationships, and the role of special education.

  5. The Teacher I Wish to Be: Exploring the Influence of Life Histories on Student Teacher Idealised Identities

    Furlong, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the influence of life histories and apprenticeship of observation on the formation of student teachers' idealised identities. The life histories of 15 student teachers are decoded. Through eliciting from the student teachers the teacher they wish to be, the paper focuses on the interplay between the personal histories and ideal…

  6. Communication Breakdown: Librarian and Student Approaches to Virtual Reference Differ. A review of: Walter, Virginia A. and Cindy Mediavilla. “Teens Are from Neptune, Librarians Are from Pluto: An Analysis of Online Reference Transactions.” Library Trends 54.2 (2005: 209-227.

    Stephanie Hall

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To evaluate the effectiveness of an online reference and referral service for students (primarily those in middle school and high school seeking homework help. Design – Analysis of 114 transcripts of reference transactions. Setting – A centralized homework reference and tutor referral service provided on behalf of the California State Library by the Metropolitan Cooperative Library System. Subjects – Virtual reference librarians at a large urban library system and middle and high school students in California. Methods – One hundred fourteen virtual reference transactions recorded between October 12 and November 8, 2003 were evaluated against the Reference and User Services Association’s (RUSA “Guidelines for Behavioral Performance of Reference and Information Service Providers.” Secondly, the transcripts were subjected to discourse analysis. Main results Performance of virtual reference librarians vis‐àvis RUSA guidelines In the majority of cases, there was some evidence that librarians communicated clearly (110 out of 114 transactions. In 78 cases, it appeared that a librarian was available quickly, and in 92 of the transactions a friendly greeting was given. What was striking, however, was that in a clear majority of cases, some of the classic reference interview strategies were not employed. In 100 or more cases each, the following strategies were not observed: repeating or paraphrasing the question; helping to interpret the question; verifying mutual understanding; asking if the question has been answered; asking if the student needs more information. Furthermore, in 75 cases librarians did not probe for further information to clarify the question, while in 87 cases they did not check that information had been clearly understood. Possibly related to these findings, the researchers felt that the transcripts revealed “a conviction that homework questions are not the proper content for reference transactions” (222. In addition, librarians were found to be frequently too quick to refer students to a tutor, when a query might have been better answered as a reference question. Findings of discourse analysis In general, the virtual reference librarians used impersonal, formal language to “reinforce the professional’s superior position vis‐à‐vis the help‐seeker” (217. There were repeated attempts by the students to interject a lighter or warmer tone (using humour, emoticons, informal language, introducing a personal note, etc.. These attempts were rarely reciprocated, with librarians continuing to use impersonal language, including stock messages such as: “we are experiencing a very busy time right now,” (217; or, “I am going to send you a page which will give you some help with your homework. After we disconnect this session, click on this link and follow the instructions to be connected with a tutor. Please do not click on any links on this page until after we have disconnected” (217. In several cases librarians were preoccupied with defining their roles—for example, specifying that they could give reference help but not advice. In all, the distancing mechanisms used by librarians, combined with occasional inaccurate referrals and technical problems with the software, were seen to create an enormous potential forfrustration on the part of the student. Conclusions – The most important implication of the study was that librarians and students were worlds (or planets apart in their approach to the reference interaction. While “teens attempted to create meaningby recreating the chat discourse environment in which they were most at home”, librarians “tried to create meaning in a parallel discourse environment that duplicated as much as possible the standard impersonal protocols of a face‐to‐face reference counter” (223. One suggested way to alleviate the disconnect between librarians and students was to involve students in the planning of the services. For now, however, the authors conclude that “teens are from Neptune, librarians are from Pluto. Better services would result if they could meet somewhere closer together” (224.

  7. Teacher Verbal Aggressiveness and Credibility Mediate the Relationship between Teacher Technology Policies and Perceived Student Learning

    Finn, Amber N.; Ledbetter, Andrew M.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we extend previous work on teacher technology policies by refining the teacher technology policies instrument to account for the technology purpose (social, academic) and type (cell phone, laptop/tablet), and examine a model of teacher technology policies and perceived learning. We found that students are more sensitive to policies…

  8. Redesigning Schools to Reach Every Student with Excellent Teachers: Summary of Teacher Career Paths

    Public Impact, 2012

    2012-01-01

    These career paths match Public Impact's school models that use job redesign and technology to extend the reach of excellent teachers to more students, for more pay, within budget. Most models create new roles and teams enabling all teachers and staff to develop and contribute to excellence. In "reach-extended roles," excellent teachers take…

  9. Teacher thinking and interconnectedness: Teachers' thinking about students' experiences and science concepts during classroom teaching

    Upadhyay, Bhaskar Raj

    2004-11-01

    This study examined 4 elementary school teachers' thinking during science teaching in 2 urban schools in the southern United States. Most of the students in these schools come from minority families with low socioeconomic status. The teachers involved in this study were participants in the Linking Food and the Environment (LIFE) program, a curriculum designed for urban elementary students to learn life and environmental sciences. The research employed cross-case study methodology to understand teachers' thinking and the decisions they made during classroom teaching. Fifteen science lessons were taped (7 videotaped and 8 audiotaped) for each teacher over a period of 7 months. Six stimulated recall interviews were conducted to elicit the teachers' thinking and decision-making process during teaching. Data were analyzed using William and Baxter's (1996) discourse analysis framework. Three factors that influence elementary school teachers' thinking and the decisions they made during science teaching emerged from the data analysis: (1) Most teachers believed that students' experiences could be used during teaching, but they disagreed about the usefulness of students' experiences in teaching science for understanding. Two teachers who perceived their students to be less intelligent did not use students' experiences during teaching. (2) All the teachers in the study asserted that students must have the knowledge of science process skills to succeed in science investigation and high-stakes tests. These teachers also believed that mastering science process skills aided in students' understanding of science concepts. (3) In an academically high-performing school, the school administrators played a less significant role in teachers' thinking and decision making than in an academically low-performing school. Administrators were under pressure to "teach to the test" so that students would perform better in the high-stakes test. Teachers perceived a higher incentive for teaching science for better scores in high-stakes tests than for understanding.

  10. General education teachers' relationships with included students with autism.

    Robertson, Kristen; Chamberlain, Brandt; Kasari, Connie

    2003-04-01

    In this study, we examine the relationship between general education teachers and second- and third-grade included students with autism. We also examine the effect of childrens' behavior problems on these relationships, as well as inclusion within the social environment of the classroom. Included students with autism form multidimensional relationships with their general education teachers. These relationships are associated with student's display of behavior problems and level of inclusion in the class. Specifically, when teachers perceived their relationships with included students with autism to be more positive, children's levels of behavioral problems were lower and they were more socially included in the class. PMID:12757351

  11. Student Teachers' Team Teaching: How Do Learners in the Classroom Experience Team-Taught Lessons by Student Teachers?

    Baeten, Marlies; Simons, Mathea

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on student teachers' team teaching. Two team teaching models (sequential and parallel teaching) were applied by 14 student teachers in a quasi-experimental design. When implementing new teaching models, it is important to take into account the perspectives of all actors involved. Although learners are key actors in the teaching…

  12. Student and Teacher Self-Efficacy and the Connection to Reading and Writing

    Corkett, Julie; Hatt, Blaine; Benevides, Tina

    2011-01-01

    Self-efficacy or the belief in one's ability (Bandura, 1977) on the part of both teachers and students is thought to be directly related to teacher and student success. Few studies have compared teacher efficacy, student efficacy, and student ability at once. This study examined the relationship between teacher self-efficacy, student

  13. Parent, Student, and Teacher Perceptions of Student-Led Conferences and Strategies to Host Effective Student-Led Conferences

    Jackson, Sharon M.

    2012-01-01

    This is a mixed-methods case study designed to examine the perceptions parents, students and teachers have about student-led conferences with the purpose of informing practices at the researcher's school as well as sharing strategies used to host effective student-led conferences. Parents and students were interviewed and surveyed. Teachers were

  14. A comparison of Australian and Chinese teachers' attributions for student problem behaviors

    Ho, IT

    2004-01-01

    The present study compared Australian and Chinese teachers' causal attributions for student behavior. A total of 204 Australian teachers and 269 Chinese teachers rated the importance of four causes (ability, effort, family, teacher) of six student problem behaviors. Results showed that both groups of teachers attributed misbehaviors most to student effort and least to teacher factors. Chinese teachers emphasized family factors more while Australian teachers placed greater importance on abilit...

  15. PRF Cross-Cultural Psychological Study of Lithuanian Students, Teachers, and Special Education Teachers

    Illovsky, Michael E.; Gintiliene, Grazina; Bulotaite, Laima; Rickman, Jacqueline; Belekiene, Marijona; Janowitz, Karl

    2008-01-01

    The Personality Research Form (PRF) was used to study the psychological traits of Lithuanian college of education students, teachers, and special education teachers. A sample of American college students was also used for comparison. Chi-square results indicated no statistical differences among the groups. Interpretations of the lack of…

  16. Student-Centered and Teacher-Centered Classroom Management: A Case Study of Three Elementary Teachers

    Garrett, Tracey

    2008-01-01

    The major purpose of this case study was to document the classroom management beliefs and practices of three teachers reputed to implement student-centered instruction and to examine the relationship between their instructional and managerial approaches. More specifically, do teachers who use student-centered instruction also implement…

  17. Academic Expectations of Australian Students from Aboriginal, Asian and Anglo Backgrounds: Perspectives of Teachers, Trainee-Teachers and Students

    Dandy, Justine; Durkin, Kevin; Barber, Bonnie L.; Houghton, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    There are ethnic group differences in academic achievement among Australian students, with Aboriginal students performing substantially below and Asian students above their peers. One factor that may contribute to these effects is societal stereotypes of Australian Asian and Aboriginal students, which may bias teachers' evaluations and

  18. Academic Expectations of Australian Students from Aboriginal, Asian and Anglo Backgrounds: Perspectives of Teachers, Trainee-Teachers and Students

    Dandy, Justine; Durkin, Kevin; Barber, Bonnie L.; Houghton, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    There are ethnic group differences in academic achievement among Australian students, with Aboriginal students performing substantially below and Asian students above their peers. One factor that may contribute to these effects is societal stereotypes of Australian Asian and Aboriginal students, which may bias teachers' evaluations and…

  19. Digital Divide between Teachers and Students in Urban Bangladesh

    Khalid, Md. Saifuddin

    (62%) and study (44%). 69% teachers and 66% students use social networking sites. Top three online activities for students are music (53%), games (47%) and chat (42%), for teachers these are study (55%), chat (40%) and music (33%). Students use more mobile features than teachers. Interestingly 59...... University, Bangladesh (IUB) in autumn 2009 participated in conducting survey activities. Total 33 academic institutes were south for approval and 11 could be surveyed before the Christmas and annual recess. Responses from 6 other academics institutes were collected from the personal networks of students. A...... data available on them in Bangladesh context. A study was conducted to study the digital divide and ICT usage pattern among the urban students and teachers of schools and colleges in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. About 75 students enrolled in probability and statistics course of Independent...

  20. Students discussing their mathematical ideas: the role of the teacher

    Pijls, Monique; Dekker, Rijkje

    2011-12-01

    This article adds to current research on enhancing student discourse in mathematics teaching specifically in secondary schools but with equal relevance to elementary schools. Three mathematics teachers in secondary education were confronted with the question of how to encourage students to discuss their work with each other in the daily practice of their mathematical lessons. In response to this question the teachers devised three different approaches to encourage student discourse. One of the teachers chose to experiment with another setting to perform mathematical tasks that involved students working together on a group test. The second teacher experimented with a new kind of help when students were working on their maths tasks and asked for assistance. The third created a new setting in which the teacher (temporarily) did not provide mathematical hints and the students had to solve their own problems. The three teachers were very motivated, but they all had difficulties in not giving explanations themselves when supporting their students in their collaborative mathematical learning. They found that temporarily diminishing their product help stimulated discussion between students. It also became clear that the process of teacher reflection and follow-up discussions with the researcher/observers promoted changes of practice.

  1. A Teachers Experience in Teaching with Student Teams-Achievement Division (STAD) Technique

    Yuliana Natsir; Lutfia Hanum

    2015-01-01

    This study looks at Student Teams-Achievement Division (STAD) implementation from a qualitative approach by observing and interviewing a teacher who successfully improved his EFL students reading achievement with this technique. The procedures by Shaaban and Ghaith (2005) were the foundation for STAD implementation, and an interview was done to exhibit the teachers stance on the use of STAD. Based on our observation during his teaching in a reading class by implementing ST...

  2. Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project

    Earp, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to

  3. Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project

    Earp, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to…

  4. Intern Teachers and Student Teacher at the University of California, Berkeley: A Comparative Study.

    Stone, James C.

    This study compared students in Berkeley's four postgraduate teacher education programs, which are a) student teaching--elementary; b) elementary internship; c) student teaching--secondary; and d) secondary internship. The impact of each curriculum on the students was investigated through the Terman Concept Mastery Test, Omnibus Personality…

  5. Teachers Matter: An Examination of Student-Teacher Relationships, Attitudes toward Bullying, and Bullying Behavior

    Wang, Cixin; Swearer, Susan M.; Lembeck, Paige; Collins, Adam; Berry, Brandi

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of student-teacher relationships and attitudes toward bullying on middle school students' bullying behaviors. Gender and grade differences were also examined. Data were collected from 435 middle school students. Results indicated that students' attitudes toward bullying mediated the relationship between

  6. Teachers Matter: An Examination of Student-Teacher Relationships, Attitudes toward Bullying, and Bullying Behavior

    Wang, Cixin; Swearer, Susan M.; Lembeck, Paige; Collins, Adam; Berry, Brandi

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of student-teacher relationships and attitudes toward bullying on middle school students' bullying behaviors. Gender and grade differences were also examined. Data were collected from 435 middle school students. Results indicated that students' attitudes toward bullying mediated the relationship between…

  7. Teacher Education and Black Male Students in the United States

    H. Richard Milner; Amber Pabon; Ashley Woodson; Ebony McGee

    2013-01-01

    Teacher education programs in the United States (U.S.) struggle to prepare teachers to meet the complex needs of elementary and secondary students in public schools - especially those of color, those living in poverty, and those whose first language is not English. In this article, we argue for focused attention on preparing educators to teach African American male students as these students face particular institutional challenges in successfully navigating the U.S. public school system. Dra...

  8. Student classroom misbehavior: An exploratory study based on teachers' perceptions

    Rachel C. F. Sun; Daniel T.L. Shek

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the conceptions of junior secondary school student misbehaviors in classroom, and to identify the most common, disruptive, and unacceptable student problem behaviors from teachers' perspective. Twelve individual interviews with teachers were conducted. A list of 17 student problem behaviors was generated. Results showed that the most common and disruptive problem behavior was talking out of turn, followed by nonattentiveness, daydreaming, and idleness. The most una...

  9. The Teacher-Student Communication Pattern: A Need to Follow?

    Mohammad Hashamdar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to investigate the teacher-student communication patterns in anupper-intermediate English class. There are major questions in this study; (a what the nature ofinteraction is in a foreign language classroom, (b what the characteristics of teacher-student turntaking are, (c what type of feedback is taken by the teacher, (d how the teacher's competence andperformance are. The participants of the study are female adult students and a female teachermajoring English literature at MA level that has had five years of teaching experience. Five partialsessions of the class are recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. According to the findings, the type ofdiscourse is teacher-initiated one and the question type is both WH-questions and questions withauxiliaries. The way of student's reply is brief and limited to one teacher-student turn-taking. Thetype of interaction is based on the questions posed by the teacher and long interaction such asdiscussing, debating, and challenging could rarely be seen in the classroom in question. The type offeedback depending on the skill and tasks dealt with, ranging from recast to direct correction. Theteacher's competence and performance are satisfactory with correct pronunciation and near nativeaccent.

  10. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships in Indonesia: Profiles and Importance to Student Motivation

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; den Brok, Perry; Bosker, Roel

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the distribution of interpersonal profiles based on students' and teachers' perceptions and to examine the associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and learning motivation in Indonesia. Participants were 1900 secondary school students (grades 7 to 9) across 66 (Mathematics

  11. The Student as Pygmalion: Effect of Student Expectation on the Teacher.

    Feldman, Robert S.; Prohaska, Thomas

    1979-01-01

    Two experiments examined the possibility that student expectations regarding teacher competence can be communicated to the teacher and bring about expected behavior. Results showed significant differences in student attitudes, performance, and nonverbal behavior according to expectation. Positive and negative nonverbal student behaviors had

  12. Student-Centred Learning Environments: An Investigation into Student Teachers' Instructional Preferences and Approaches to Learning

    Baeten, Marlies; Dochy, Filip; Struyven, Katrien; Parmentier, Emmeline; Vanderbruggen, Anne

    2016-01-01

    The use of student-centred learning environments in education has increased. This study investigated student teachers' instructional preferences for these learning environments and how these preferences are related to their approaches to learning. Participants were professional Bachelor students in teacher education. Instructional preferences and…

  13. Supporting Student-Teacher Researchers’ Quest for Their Voice

    Rigoberto Castillo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with teacher identity development of students enrolled in the teacher training program. The authors, who advocate inquiry-based teaching practices, propose reflective and organizational strategies to support these. In order to gain insights into the experiences and values of student-teacher-researchers (STRs here on to shape a professional teaching identity, a pre-service teacher and a professor in a second language (L2 program joined efforts to share their reflections on the process of inquiry and on the quest to find a voice when conducting and reporting their inquiry.

  14. Mathematical Thinking: Teachers Perceptions and Students Performance

    Mamoon. M. Mubark

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper was investigated the teachers rating of the six different aspects of mathematical thinking developed by the researcher: Searching for patterns , Induction, Deduction, symbolism, Logical thinking and Mathematical proof in relation to level of importance, level of difficulty, and time spent in teaching each aspect. This paper was also aimed to examine any possible consistencies and inconsistencies between teacher opinions about the level of importance of mathematical thinking aspects to mathematics achievement, level of difficulty and test data collected. Also, it was examined if the students were familiar with solving specific problems (such as rice problem logical ways like searching for patterns rather than more traditional approaches and if they also applying the fourth step in problem solving according to Polya, (1990 (i.e., looking back (a checking the answer.
    Key words: Mathematical thinking; Teacher perceptions; Students performance

    Rsum
    Ce document a tudi la notation des six aspects diffrents de la pense mathmatique des enseignants dvelopp par le chercheur: la recherche de modles, induction, dduction, le symbolisme, la pense logique et mathmatique la preuve par rapport au niveau d'importance, le niveau de difficult et le temps pass dans l'enseignement de chaque aspect. Ce document visait galement examiner toute consistances et des incohrences ventuelles entre les opinions des enseignants sur le niveau d'importance des aspects la pense mathmatique la russite en mathmatiques, niveau de difficult et les donnes recueillies lors des essais. En outre, il a t examin si les lves ont t familiariss avec la rsolution de problmes spcifiques (tels que les problmes du riz faons logiques, tels que la recherche de modles plutt que des approches plus traditionnelles, et si ils ont galement l'application de la quatrime tape dans la rsolution de problmes en fonction de Polya, (1990 ( savoir, en regardant en arrire (une vrification de la rponse.
    Mots cls: Pense mathmatique; Les perceptions des enseignants et le rendement des tudiants

  15. Teacher Overinvolvement and Student Depression among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Fen Fen Huang; Cou Chen Wu; Chang Ya Hu; Sun Shen Yang

    2006-01-01

    This study examines depression in students at public high schools in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine which student-level and teacher-level variables affect student depression due to teacher emotional overinvolvement and other factors. A survey instrument adapted and translated from existing surveys was distributed to 1,479 Taiwanese adolescents aged 13—15 years and 172 teachers from 10 public junior high schools in the city of Taipei. The hierarchical linear model (HLM) was us...

  16. International students in teacher training : South Korean liberal studies students in Hong Kong

    Han, Yoon Jin

    2015-01-01

    Since the globalization era, internationalization in higher education became inevitable. This allowed education students to partake in teacher training programs from all across the world, inducing an increase in teacher mobility. Although non-local education students are exposed to the same coursework as their local counterparts, progress in their teacher training differ from that of local students, as their learning experiences are significantly affected by cultural differences. This rese...

  17. Job Satisfaction and Teacher-Student Relationships across the Teaching Career: Four Case Studies

    Veldman, Ietje; van Tartwijk, Jan; Brekelmans, Mieke; Wubbels, Theo

    2013-01-01

    We studied the development of teacher-student relationships and teachers' job satisfaction throughout the careers of four veteran teachers who retained high job satisfaction. Teacher data gathered with the narrative-biographical method were compared with students' perceptions of the teacher-student relationships, using the Questionnaire on Teacher…

  18. The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007): paper 295.

    Julie McKenna

    2009-01-01

    Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007).Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and class...

  19. Research Experiences for Science Teachers: The Impact On Their Students

    Dubner, J.

    2005-12-01

    Deficiencies in science preparedness of United States high school students were recognized more than two decades ago, as were some of their underlying causes. Among the primary causes are the remoteness of the language, tools, and concepts of science from the daily experiences of teachers and students, and the long-standing national shortage of appropriately prepared science teachers. Secondary school science teachers are challenged each school year by constantly changing content, new technologies, and increasing demands for standards-based instruction. A major deficiency in the education of science teachers was their lack of experience with the practice of science, and with practicing scientists. Providing teachers with opportunities to gain hands-on experience with the tools and materials of science under the guidance and mentorship of leading scientists in an environment attuned to professional development, would have many beneficial effects. They would improve teachers' understanding of science and their ability to develop and lead inquiry- and standards-based science classes and laboratories. They would enable them to communicate the vitality and dynamism of science to their students and to other teachers. They would enhance their ability to motivate and guide students. From its inception, Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teacher's goal has been to enhance interest and improve performance in science of students in New York City area schools. The program seeks to achieve this goal by increasing the professional competence of teachers. Our ongoing program evaluation shows that following completion of the program, the teachers implement more inquiry-based classroom and laboratory exercises, increase utilization of Internet resources, motivate students to participate in after school science clubs and Intel-type science projects; and create opportunities for students to investigate an area of science in greater depth and for longer periods of time than more conventionally trained teachers. Most importantly, the performance of their students improves; students of participating teachers have a higher pass rate on New York State Science Regents examinations than students in classes of non-participating teachers in the same schools. Student outcomes data will be presented for both Columbia's program and from a multi-site study, which Columbia's program headed up.

  20. Can a student learn optimally from two different teachers?

    We explore the effects of over-specificity in learning algorithms by investigating the behavior of a student, suited to learn optimally from a teacher B, learning from a teacher B' ≠ B. We only considered the supervised, on-line learning scenario with teachers selected from a particular family. We found that, in the general case, the application of the optimal algorithm to the wrong teacher produces a residual generalization error, even if the right teacher is harder. By imposing mild conditions to the learning algorithm form, we obtained an approximation for the residual generalization error. Simulations carried out in finite networks validate the estimate found.

  1. Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity

    Carrie Donovan

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

  2. Teacher Self-Concept and Teacher Effectiveness as Perceived by Teachers of English and Students of Senior High Schools

    Chuzaimah Dahlan Diem

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate whether self-concept of EFL teachers influenced their effectiveness in teaching English as a foreign language, as perceived by both teachers and students. The study involved 275 EFL teachers and 88 senior high school students in South Sumatra. Variables of education, teaching experience, and age were analyzed using multiple regression analysis, and specific hypotheses were tested to see whether the addition of the other independent variables could add to the effectiveness of the teacher. The results showed significant relationships between self-concept and all the four factors used to define teacher effectiveness. The combination of self-concept and experience serves as the first salient factor influencing the four factors of teacher effectiveness in addition to self-concept alone. Education was also found to be a factor which influenced teacher effectiveness

  3. Teacher, Parent and Student Perceptions of the Motives of Cyberbullies

    Compton, Louise; Campbell, Marilyn A.; Mergler, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the motivation of students who cyberbully is important for both prevention and intervention efforts for this insidious form of bullying. This qualitative exploratory study used focus groups to examine the views of teachers, parents and students as to the motivation of students who cyberbully and who bully in other traditional forms.

  4. Physical Education Teacher's Verbal Aggression and Student's Fair Play Behaviors

    Mary, Hassandra; Alexandra, Bekiari; Kimon, Sakellariou

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how physical education teacher's verbal aggressiveness, as perceived by the students, is related to students' fair play self-reported behaviors. Four hundred twenty-nine physical education students completed two questionnaires during physical education classes. Correlation analysis revealed that there was a…

  5. The Abacus: Instruction by Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments

    Amato, Sheila; Hong, Sunggye; Rosenblum, L. Penny

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This article, based on a study of 196 teachers of students with visual impairments, reports on the experiences with and opinions related to their decisions about instructing their students who are blind or have low vision in the abacus. Methods: The participants completed an online survey on how they decide which students should be…

  6. Learning About Environment (Students' Text and Teachers' Manual).

    Harrington, Robert F.; Passmore, Richard C.

    The first of a sequential series of ecology units for students in grades six, seven, and eight is presented in this set of instructional materials: a student text and teachers' manual. The principal aim of each unit is to offer a teachable block of material that will provide students with an understanding of their environment and of their own role…

  7. How Preservice Teachers Interpret and Respond to Student Geometric Errors

    Son, Ji-Won; Sinclair, Nathalie

    2010-01-01

    Recognizing and responding to students' thinking is essential in teaching mathematics, especially when students provide incorrect solutions. This study examined, through a teaching scenario task, elementary preservice teachers' interpretations of and responses to a student's work on a task involving reflective symmetry. Findings revealed that a

  8. The Role of Students and Content in Teacher Effectiveness

    Ennis, Catherine D.

    2014-01-01

    The process of effective teaching--teaching that directly leads to student learning of standards-based content--is tenuous at best and easily disrupted by contextual and behavioral factors. In this commentary, I discuss the role of student support and mediation in teacher effectiveness and curricular reform. The most vocal students in physical…

  9. Embedded librarianship what every academic librarian should know

    Russo, Michael F

    2013-01-01

    Is the embedded librarian an equal partner in the course, or is the librarian perceived as a "value-added" extra? What is the place of technology in this effort? Is there a line librarians should not cross? Taking into account both theory and practice to discuss multiple facets of the subject, Embedded Librarianship: What Every Academic Librarian Should Know thoroughly examines these questions and more from the perspectives of experienced embedded librarian contributors who have worked in higher education settings. The chapters illuminate the benefits and challenges of embedding, explain the planning required to set up an embedded course, identify the different forms of embedding, and consider information literacy instruction in various contexts. Readers who will benefit from this work include not only academic librarians but any professor who wants their students to be able to do better research in their fields.

  10. A Mixed Method Analysis of the Interaction between Teacher Variables, Teacher Absences, School District Policies, and Student Achievement

    Dillehay, Glenn Woodrow, III.

    2012-01-01

    Teacher absenteeism is expensive, disrupts the continuity of educational activities, and results in students attending classes with less qualified substitute teachers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships among teacher variables, teacher absenteeism, student achievement, and school district policy governing teacher…

  11. New activities and changing roles of health sciences librarians: a systematic review, 1990–2012

    Cooper, I. Diane; Crum, Janet A

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The paper identifies and documents new health sciences librarian activities and roles during the period from 1990–2012. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE, Library and Information Abstracts, Library Literature, Scopus, and Web of Science. To find new roles that might not yet have been described in the literature, job announcements published in the Medical Library Association email discussion list archives from 2008–2012 were searched. For inclusion, an article needed to contain a substantive description of a new role and/or activity performed by librarians and be in the field of medical or health sciences librarianship. Papers that did not describe an actual (rather than proposed) librarian role were excluded. Results: New roles identified through the literature search were: embedded librarians (such as clinical informationist, bioinformationist, public health informationist, disaster information specialist); systematic review librarian; emerging technologies librarian; continuing medical education librarian; grants development librarian; and data management librarian. New roles identified through job announcements were digital librarian, metadata librarian, scholarly communication librarian, and translational research librarian. New twists to old roles were also identified: clinical medical librarian, instruction librarian, outreach librarian, and consumer health librarian. Conclusions: While the main purposes of health sciences librarianship remain the same, the new roles represent major new activities so that, for many librarians, daily on-the-job work is completely different. Implications: This list of new activities should inform students contemplating medical librarianship careers, guide formal and continuing education programs, and encourage other librarians to consider these new services. PMID:24163598

  12. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF STUDENT-TEACHERS ON EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING

    SALIHA KHATOON

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study is an attempt to examine relationship between emotional intelligence & effectiveness of teaching of student teachers. The roles & importance of emotional intelligence skill characteristics of effective teachers are illustrated. To achieve the goals & expectations of education in the 21st century the international inclusion & development of emotional intelligence skills in teacher preparation programs and student development programs are needed the tools used for the study are by Kumar & Mutha for teacher effectiveness and emotional intelligence scale by Anukool Hyde & Pearson product moment correlation test, T-test & simple random sampling is used & the researcher has collected sample of 100 student- teachers of B.Ed college of Gulbarga district.

  13. Brazilian librarians and Twitter

    BARROS, Moreno

    2011-01-01

    Brazil leads the world in social networks. This essay focuses on the results of a two-year experience of Brazilian librarians using Twitter in their work field. Two types of presence on Twitter are identified. A new approach is proposed to answers the critical questions librarians are facing regarding service provision based on Twitter.

  14. Nurses working with librarians.

    Hallyburton, Ann; St John, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    Librarians can offer nurses a great deal of assistance in locating information to support their clinical practice. This column outlines places nurses can find librarians who specialize in health care information. High-quality health information tools nurses can easily access online are also featured. PMID:19226994

  15. Solo Librarians Working Collaboratively

    Nickel, Robbie

    2011-01-01

    The Elko County School District in Nevada has elementary school librarians that are "solo" librarians. Over the last several years they have worked to collaborate on meeting monthly--even though the district covers 17,100 square miles--and on providing professional development face to face and online. Sharing and collaboration help them to problem…

  16. Changing Roles of Librarians and Library Technicians

    Norene James

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available What significant changes are librarians and library technicians experiencing in their roles? A survey put forward across Canada to librarians and library technicians addressing this question was conducted in February 2014. Eight hundred eighty-two responses were obtained from librarians, defined as MLIS graduates, and library technicians, defined as graduates from a two-year library diploma program. Respondents needed to have been employed in the last two years in these roles and students of either an MLIS or LIT program were also welcome to participate. The results suggest that both librarians and library technicians perceive their roles as growing in scope and complexity and that the lines of responsibility are blurring. A majority of respondents indicated that they perceive a change in their roles in the past five years and commented on what the perceived changes were. Librarian and library technician roles may be shifting away from what may be viewed as traditional or clearly defined responsibilities and both librarians and library technicians may be taking on new tasks as well as experiencing task overlap. All library staff will need to be fluid, adaptable, and open to change. Library school curricula and workplace training need to incorporate the development of these competencies.

  17. A Survey of Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Techniques

    Yearwood, Simone L.; Foasberg, Nancy M.; Rosenberg, Kenneth D.

    2015-01-01

    Teaching research competencies and information literacy is an integral part of the academic librarian's role. There has long been debate among librarians over what are the most effective methods of instruction for college students. Library Faculty members at a large urban university system were surveyed to determine their perceptions of the…

  18. The Effect upon the Behavior and Attitudes of Student Teachers of Training Cooperating Teachers and Student Teachers in the Use of Interaction Analysis as a Classroom Observational Technique.

    Amidon, Edmund

    In a 2 1/2-year study of the application of interaction analysis (a method of classroom observation) to preservice teacher education, approximately 40 secondary student teachers were involved in an experiment during each of 3 semesters. A 2 by 2 factorial design made it possible to test the influence of 2 independent variables (student teacher…

  19. Year 7 Students, Information Literacy, and Transfer: A Grounded Theory

    Herring, James E.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the views of year 7 students, teacher librarians, and teachers in three state secondary schools in rural New South Wales, Australia, on information literacy and transfer. The aims of the study included the development of a grounded theory in relation to information literacy and transfer in these schools. The study's perspective…

  20. Saving Tropical Rain Forests through Teacher-Student Activism.

    Calhoun, Bruce

    1990-01-01

    Described are the formation, goals, and activities of a network of teachers and students designed to help raise consciousness about conservation topics. A two-week minicourse on tropical diversity, ecology, and society is outlined. (CW)

  1. Becoming an Art Teacher: Storied Reflections of Two Preservice Students

    Unrath, Kathleen; Kerridge, Daria

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive research focuses on the teaching experiences of two preservice art education interns and the meanings they attributed to their student teaching field experience. Of interest is how these preservice teacher interns have experientially formulated ideas on what it means to be an art teacher and how their traits of altruism, artistic

  2. Preparing Beginning Teachers to Elicit and Interpret Students' Mathematical Thinking

    Sleep, Laurie; Boerst, Timothy A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how teacher education assignments can be designed to support beginning teachers in learning to do the work of teaching. We examined beginners' formative assessment practices--in particular, their eliciting and interpreting of students' mathematical thinking--in the context of an elementary mathematics methods assignment,

  3. Diesel Technology: Introduction. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition. Second Edition.

    Joerschke, John D.; Eichhorn, Lane

    This complete teacher edition of a diesel technology course consists of introductory pages, teacher pages, and the student edition. The introductory pages provide these tools: training and competency profile; National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation Crosswalk; instructional/task analysis; basic skills icons and classifications; basic…

  4. Assessing the Performance in EFL Teaching Practicum: Student Teachers' Views

    Merç, Ali

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to find out whether or not pre-service EFL teachers are satisfied with the way their performance in teaching practice is measured. A questionnaire was developed to elicit student teachers' views related to the components of the measurement policies employed in the two practicum courses at Anadolu University English Language Teacher…

  5. Teacher Appropriation and Student Learning of Geometry through Design.

    Jacobson, Cathy; Lehrer, Richard

    2000-01-01

    Presents a study in which children in four grade 2 classrooms learned about transformational geometry and symmetry by designing quilts, while their four teachers participated in professional development focused on understanding children's thinking in arithmetic, and two of the teachers participated in additional workshops on students' thinking…

  6. Diesel Technology: Introduction. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition. Second Edition.

    Joerschke, John D.; Eichhorn, Lane

    This complete teacher edition of a diesel technology course consists of introductory pages, teacher pages, and the student edition. The introductory pages provide these tools: training and competency profile; National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation Crosswalk; instructional/task analysis; basic skills icons and classifications; basic

  7. Teacher-Oriented Address Terms in Students' Reproach Turns

    Lehtimaja, Inkeri

    2011-01-01

    This article demonstrates, using conversation analysis, how students use address terms when reproaching the teacher. The data consist of videotaped lessons of Finnish as a second language in secondary school. The analyses show, first of all, that teacher-oriented address terms can be used separately as reproaches, in which case they are marked

  8. Principal and Teacher Beliefs about Leadership Implications for Student Performance

    Jackson, Jerri C.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine whether the leadership style of principals affects teacher and student performance. The study includes an elementary, middle, and high school principal along with two teachers from each school who worked at schools that were in good standing from 2007-2011. Each school made adequate yearly progress (AYP) each

  9. Becoming an Art Teacher: Storied Reflections of Two Preservice Students

    Unrath, Kathleen; Kerridge, Daria

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive research focuses on the teaching experiences of two preservice art education interns and the meanings they attributed to their student teaching field experience. Of interest is how these preservice teacher interns have experientially formulated ideas on what it means to be an art teacher and how their traits of altruism, artistic…

  10. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis?

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

  11. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    Lagerstrom, Jill

    2011-01-01

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of open access, to name but a few topics.

  12. Teacher Research Experience Programs = Increase in Student Achievement

    Dubner, J.

    2010-12-01

    Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP), founded in 1990, is one of the largest, best known university-based professional development programs for science teachers in the U.S. The program’s basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have not experienced it firsthand. For eight weeks in each of two consecutive summers, teachers participate as a member of a research team, led by a member of Columbia University’s research faculty. In addition to the laboratory experience, all teachers meet as a group one day each week during the summer for a series of pedagogical activities. A unique quality of the Summer Research Program is its focus on objective assessment of its impact on attitudes and instructional practices of participating teachers, on the performance of these teachers in their mentors’ laboratories, and most importantly, on the impact of their participation in the program on student interest and performance in science. SRP uses pass rate on the New York State Regents standardized science examinations as an objective measure of student achievement. SRP's data is the first scientific evidence of a connection between a research experience for teachers program and gains in student achievement. As a result of the research, findings were published in Science Magazine. The author will present an overview of Columbia's teacher research program and the results of the published program evaluation.

  13. Comparing Value Priorities of Students and Teachers

    Başar, M.; Akan, D.; Çetin, Ö.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher employment in general is organized by public authorities in our country as the majority of educational institutions are public organizations. Particularly, solving teacher employment problems, in the light of some professional and civic social organizations’ views within the context of financial and social policies that were influential during the post-1980 period, made employment in Turkey the most significant problem for pre-service teachers. Pre-service teachers who prefer t...

  14. The Role of Librarians in Academic Success

    Claudia J. Dold

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skills are integral to academic success. In conjunction with research and teaching faculty, librarians create a framework for knowledge acquisition in the evolving university education.

  15. A Plan of Action: When Student Teachers and Cooperating Teachers Are on the Same Page, Everyone Benefits

    Tranberg, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    The prospect of sharing students with a student teacher comes with different levels of anxiety for practicing music educators. For some, the idea is an exciting challenge that compels the practicing teacher to be at his or her best in order to provide the student teacher with an outstanding experience. For others, the idea of sharing their…

  16. Stretching Student Teachers' Understanding of Fractions

    Harvey, Roger

    2012-01-01

    The teaching of fractions in elementary school is known to be challenging. Literature indicates that teachers' and prospective teachers' lack of depth of fraction content knowledge and associated pedagogical knowledge is of concern. This study investigated the fraction content knowledge of prospective teachers and their ability to use that…

  17. Stretching Student Teachers' Understanding of Fractions

    Harvey, Roger

    2012-01-01

    The teaching of fractions in elementary school is known to be challenging. Literature indicates that teachers' and prospective teachers' lack of depth of fraction content knowledge and associated pedagogical knowledge is of concern. This study investigated the fraction content knowledge of prospective teachers and their ability to use that

  18. Motivation for math in rural schools: student and teacher perspectives

    Hardr, Patricia L.

    2011-06-01

    Rural schools, students, teachers, administrators, families and community leaders face unique challenges from those of their urban and suburban counterparts. This paper investigates motivation in rural secondary schools, with a particular focus on mathematics, from teacher and student perspectives. It integrates recent research on math learning and motivation from the fields of educational psychology, human neuroscience and rural education, to present an integrated systemic view of motivation for learning math in rural schools.

  19. Competence of primary school teachers to teach students with dislexia

    Kogovšek, Darja

    2012-01-01

    The teacher is an expert in the provision of educational work, that should be qualified to teach also students with dyslexia. Teacher's knowledge of the causes and forms of dyslexia and ways of educating students with dyslexia is important to effectively adapt teaching methods. Therefore a major part of this thesis work is devoted to those aspects. There are also other factors exposed (family, school environment, collaboration with parents), which significantly contribute to providing the bes...

  20. Preservice science teachers' use of educational technology during student teaching

    Irving, Karen Elizabeth

    The secondary science teacher preparation at the University of Virginia provides a model technology enrichment program for preservice teachers. Important features of this program include an introductory course with an educational technology component, an educational technology course focused on technology uses in teaching science and mathematics and a secondary science methods class where preservice teachers observe effective technology integration models and experience opportunities to design and implement lessons with technology components. This study explores the use of educational technology during student teaching by 15 secondary science preservice teachers who have completed this technology rich program. The data corpus includes pre and post questionnaires and formal interviews, 63 hours of classroom observations, 355 lesson plans and artifacts collected during the student teaching experience. Analytic induction was used for data analysis to derive 6 assertions describing aspects of technology use and 3 assertions describing influencing factors. Participants reported adequate skills and intent to use educational technology during their student teaching and the secondary school placement sites provided adequate opportunities for teaching with technology. Student teacher participants chose to use educational technology to involve their students in learning science by visually enhancing aspects of their curriculum that were too abstract, too subtle to notice, too large to see, too dangerous for the classroom, or too complex to make science topics more relevant for their students. In addition, many participants used educational technology for inquiry-based lessons. Student teachers planned and implemented lessons in which the educational technology was used primarily by the student teacher in a supporting role in the classroom and successfully identified appropriate educational technologies that fit their curriculum topics. The findings include three factors that influenced student teacher use of educational technology: (a) cooperating teacher attitudes toward technology use; (b) student teacher concerns regarding achievement level, behavioral characteristics and technology skills levels of the secondary students; and (c) access/reliability issues. A technology integrated preservice program along with a technology supportive environment provided the participants in this study with sufficient knowledge of both technology and pedagogy to experiment with modern technologies during their student teaching. Implications for ePCK are included.

  1. LIFE SKILLAND ACADEMIC ANXIETY OF STUDENT-TEACHERS

    ASMITABEN CHANDRAKANTBHAI PATEL

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Social anxiety causes individuals to fear situations. Many shy people feel so anxious when they are around others, that they start going out of their way to avoid any social situation. Many shy people avoid social situations altogether so they will not feel anxious and panic. By doing this, they will not have to worry about what they say sounding stupid, or most importantly, what others are thinking of them. Objectives: 1.To assess the impact of gender on life skills among studentteachers. 2. To assess the impact of gender on academic anxiety among student-teachers. 3. To assess the relationship between life skill and academic anxiety of student-teachers. Hypotheses: 1.There is no significant difference in life skills of boys and girls of student-teachers. 2. There is no significant difference in academic anxiety of boys and girls of student-teachers. 3. There is no significant relationship between life skills and academic anxiety of student-teachers. Sample: A sample of 100 student-teachers was randomly selected from Christian college of education, Anand in Gujarat. In terms of gender, it consisted of 60 boys and 40 girls.

  2. Student Teachers' Discipline Strategies: Relations with Self-Images, Anticipated Student Responses and Control Orientation

    de Jong, Romi; van Tartwijk, Jan; Wubbels, Theo; Veldman, Ietje; Verloop, Nico

    2013-01-01

    Teacher discipline strategies are well documented when it comes to its effects on students and the working climate in the classroom. Although it is commonly acknowledged that for student teachers classroom management is a major concern, student teachers' use of discipline strategies is largely unknown. In this paper, we examine student

  3. Fundamentals of Welding. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. Second Edition.

    Fortney, Clarence; Gregory, Mike; New, Larry

    Teacher and student editions and a student workbook for fundamentals of welding comprise the first of six in a series of competency-based instructional materials for welding programs. Introductory pages in the teacher edition are training and competency profile, instructional/task analysis, basic skills icons and classifications, basic skills…

  4. Fundamentals of Welding. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. Second Edition.

    Fortney, Clarence; Gregory, Mike; New, Larry

    Teacher and student editions and a student workbook for fundamentals of welding comprise the first of six in a series of competency-based instructional materials for welding programs. Introductory pages in the teacher edition are training and competency profile, instructional/task analysis, basic skills icons and classifications, basic skills

  5. It's All about Student Learning: Assessing Teacher Candidates' Ability to Impact P-12 Students

    Wise, A. E., Ed.; Ehrenberg, P., Ed.; Leibbrand, J., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "It's All About Student Learning Assessing Teacher Candidates' Ability to Impact P-12 Students", provides practical assistance for institutions designing or revising assessment systems or individual assessments for use by units or programs. The publication includes performance assessments currently used by teacher preparation institutions and…

  6. It's All about Student Learning: Assessing Teacher Candidates' Ability to Impact P-12 Students

    Wise, A. E., Ed.; Ehrenberg, P., Ed.; Leibbrand, J., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "It's All About Student Learning Assessing Teacher Candidates' Ability to Impact P-12 Students", provides practical assistance for institutions designing or revising assessment systems or individual assessments for use by units or programs. The publication includes performance assessments currently used by teacher preparation institutions and

  7. The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It

    Creighton, Peggy Milam

    2012-01-01

    School librarians need a simple action plan for overcoming the barriers to adopting School Library 2.0. This book provides one, and describes how fully integrating technology would dramatically benefit 21st-century schools. Despite the substantial efforts that have been made to bring schools into the 21st century, research indicates that the…

  8. The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It

    Creighton, Peggy Milam

    2012-01-01

    School librarians need a simple action plan for overcoming the barriers to adopting School Library 2.0. This book provides one, and describes how fully integrating technology would dramatically benefit 21st-century schools. Despite the substantial efforts that have been made to bring schools into the 21st century, research indicates that the

  9. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

    Leslie G. Vandevoort

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students’ academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evidence to support their claim that teachers’ who meet the standards set by the Board were superior in promoting academic achievement to those who did not meet those standards. In the 17 years since the founding of the National Board, only a few empirical studies have addressed this important issue. In this study we compare the academic performance of students in the elementary classrooms of 35 National Board Certified teachers and their non-certified peers, in 14 Arizona school districts. Board Certified teachers and their principals provide additional information about these teachers and their schools. Four years of results from the Stanford Achievement Tests in reading, mathematics and language arts, in grades three through six, were analyzed. In the 48 comparisons (four grades, four years of data, three measures of academic performance, using gain scores adjusted for students’ entering ability, the students in the classes of National Board Certified Teachers surpassed students in the classrooms of non-Board certified teachers in almost threequarters of the comparisons. Almost one-third of these differences were statistically significant. In the cases where the students of non-Board certified teachers gained more in an academic year, none of the differences found were statistically significant. Effect size, translated into grade equivalents, informs us that the gains made by students of Board Certified teachers were over one month greater than the gains made by the students of non-Board certified peer teachers. Teachers identified through the assessments of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards are, on average, more effective teachers in terms of academic achievement, one of the many outcomes of education for which teachers are responsible. This study does not address whether other, cheaper, or better alternatives to the National Boards exist, as some critics suggest. On the other hand, the results of this study provide support for the policies in many states that honor and provide extra remuneration for National Board Certified Teachers.

  10. "Does Knowing Stuff like PSHE and Citizenship Make Me a Better Teacher?": Student Teachers in the Teacher Training Figuration

    Velija, Philippa; Capel, Susan; Katene, Will; Hayes, Sid

    2008-01-01

    One of the key elements of figurational sociology is the emphasis on understanding complex networks of interdependencies in which people are involved. The focal point of this paper is the process of initial teacher training (ITT) and the relationships of which student teachers are part during their ITT course. The paper does not look at what…

  11. The changing role of librarians and the online learning environment

    Perrone, Vye

    2000-01-01

    The online teaching and learning environment arising in response to the need for distance and flexible education provides new opportunities for librarians to work with students to develop their information literacy skills. At the University of Waikato librarians are included as information coaches in the virtual classroom for several online courses. Their role is to provide students with guidance in the processes underlying tertiary learning. The collaborative relationship between students, ...

  12. Effects of Teacher Greetings on Student On-task Behavior

    Allan Allday, R; Pakurar, Kerri

    2007-01-01

    A multiple baseline design across participants was used to determine how teacher greetings affected on-task behavior of 3 middle school students with problem behaviors. Momentary time sampling was used to measure on-task behavior during the first 10 min of class. Teacher greetings produced increases in students' on-task behavior from a mean of 45% in baseline to a mean of 72% during the intervention phase. Teacher greetings represent an antecedent manipulation that can easily be implemented i...

  13. Teachers Creating Safe School Environments: Prevention of Elementary Student-to-Student Bullying

    Gant Bradley, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Student-to-student bullying is still a current issue within elementary schools nationwide. Educators are often unaware, improperly trained and/or unwilling to help in student bullying incidences. Without training or willingness, teachers often are driven into silence and inaction, effectively putting the wellbeing of students at risk. The present…

  14. Bonding, Bridging, and Becoming a Teacher: Student Cohorts and Teacher Identity

    Hasinoff, Shelley; Mandzuk, David

    2005-01-01

    This research examines the effects of social capital on teacher identity in a sample of undergraduate after-degree education students who took most or all of their courses together as a cohort. A theoretical model containing nine variables including university and social background, social capital, and teacher identity is presented. The data

  15. Redesigning Schools to Reach Every Student with Excellent Teachers: Teacher, Leader, and Paraprofessional Career Paths

    Public Impact, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This document provides an overview of multiple career paths that schools can use to expand opportunities for their teachers. These career paths match Public Impact's school models that use job redesign and technology to extend the reach of excellent teachers to more students, for more pay, within budget. Most of these school models create new…

  16. Students at Risk: Perceptions of Serbian Teachers and Implications for Teacher Education

    Jovanovic, Olja; Simic, Natasa; Rajovic, Vera

    2014-01-01

    While legislation is in place for the promotion of inclusive education in Serbia, the adoption of teaching practices that support diversity in schools is still lacking. This study looks at teacher perceptions of students at risk (SaR), their relationships with peers and the teachers' own roles as sources of support, using a sample of 94

  17. Teacher Recruitment in Context: Differences between Danish and Finnish Beginning Teacher Education Students

    Reimer, David; Dorf, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Against the background of differing admission selectivity, structure, and status of teacher education in Denmark and Finland, we analyze the extent to which beginning teacher education students differ with respect to previous educational pathways, socio-demographic characteristics, academic self-concepts, and occupational motivations. In both…

  18. Student Teachers in the Contact Zone: Developing Critical Intercultural "Teacherhood" in Kindergarten Teacher Education

    Layne, Heidi; Lipponen, Lasse

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of a narrative-grounded investigation of student teachers' intercultural experiences and learning during their teaching practice. Our interest is in the meaning of the intercultural contact zone and how education for diversities is conceptualised and reflected upon in Finnish teacher education. Critical event…

  19. Assessment of the Practicum in Teacher Education: Advocating for the Student Teacher and Questioning the Gatekeepers

    Rorrison, Doreen

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on research that suggests a new view of assessment of the practicum in teacher education. By transcending the stereotypes of "failing" student teachers who do not achieve traditional benchmarks, this new lens highlights the complexity, diversity and inequality of experiences through listening to the voices of the student…

  20. Becoming a Teacher: Student Teachers' Experiences and Perceptions about Teaching Practice

    Caires, Susana; Almeida, Leandro; Vieira, Diana

    2012-01-01

    In an attempt to build a more comprehensive and holistic understanding of the complexity, dynamics and idiosyncrasies involved in becoming a teacher, this study focussed on the experiences of 295 student teachers. Their feelings, cognitions and perceptions regarding teaching practice were analysed using the short version of the Inventory of

  1. Using Automated Scores of Student Essays to Support Teacher Guidance in Classroom Inquiry

    Gerard, Libby F.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-02-01

    Computer scoring of student written essays about an inquiry topic can be used to diagnose student progress both to alert teachers to struggling students and to generate automated guidance. We identify promising ways for teachers to add value to automated guidance to improve student learning. Three teachers from two schools and their 386 students participated. We draw on evidence from student progress, observations of how teachers interact with students, and reactions of teachers. The findings suggest that alerts for teachers prompted rich teacher-student conversations about energy in photosynthesis. In one school, the combination of the automated guidance plus teacher guidance was more effective for student science learning than two rounds of personalized, automated guidance. In the other school, both approaches resulted in equal learning gains. These findings suggest optimal combinations of automated guidance and teacher guidance to support students to revise explanations during inquiry and build integrated understanding of science.

  2. Using Automated Scores of Student Essays to Support Teacher Guidance in Classroom Inquiry

    Gerard, Libby F.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-03-01

    Computer scoring of student written essays about an inquiry topic can be used to diagnose student progress both to alert teachers to struggling students and to generate automated guidance. We identify promising ways for teachers to add value to automated guidance to improve student learning. Three teachers from two schools and their 386 students participated. We draw on evidence from student progress, observations of how teachers interact with students, and reactions of teachers. The findings suggest that alerts for teachers prompted rich teacher-student conversations about energy in photosynthesis. In one school, the combination of the automated guidance plus teacher guidance was more effective for student science learning than two rounds of personalized, automated guidance. In the other school, both approaches resulted in equal learning gains. These findings suggest optimal combinations of automated guidance and teacher guidance to support students to revise explanations during inquiry and build integrated understanding of science.

  3. Teachers' Moral Values and Their Interpersonal Relationships with Students and Cultural Competence

    Pantic, Natasa; Wubbels, Theo

    2012-01-01

    This study explored whether and how teachers' beliefs about moral values are reflected in the student-teacher relationships (i.e. levels of control and affiliation in teachers' and students' perceptions of this relationship), and in teachers' cultural competence. A positive association was found between teachers' paternalist beliefs and their own

  4. Comparisons of Selected Student and Teacher Variables in All-Girls and Coeducational Physical Education Environments

    Derry, Julie A.; Phillips, D. Allen

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate selected student and teacher variables and compare the differences between these variables for female students and female teachers in coeducation and single-sex physical education classes. Eighteen female teachers and intact classes were selected; 9 teachers from coeducation and 9 teachers from…

  5. Student and Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Immediacy Behaviors and the Influence of Teacher Immediacy Behaviors on Student Motivation to Learn Science

    Littlejohn, Vania

    The National Assessment on Educational Progress signals that American students are not being adequately prepared to compete globally in an ever changing scientific society. As a result, legislation mandated that all students be assessed and show proficiency in scientific literacy beginning in Grade 4 with the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2002 also known as No Child Left Behind. Research indicates a disturbing decline in the number of U.S. students pursuing more rigorous science courses in high school, majoring in scientific areas in college, and choosing future careers in science. With a need to improve science instruction and enhance science literacy for all students, this study focuses on immediate communication behaviors of the classroom teacher as a deciding factor in the opinions of high school students towards science. The purpose of this study was to reveal high school science student perceptions of teacher communication patterns, both verbal and nonverbal, and how they influence their motivation to learn science. The researcher utilized a nonexperimental, quantitative research design to guide this study. Teacher and student data were collected using the Teacher Communication Behavior Questionnaire (TCBQ). The Student Motivation to Learn Instrument (SMLI) across gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status survey was used to evaluate student motivation in science. Participants were encouraged to be honest in reporting and sharing information concerning teacher communication behaviors. The data revealed that teacher immediacy behaviors, both verbal and nonverbal, were perceived differently in terms of student gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic class. The results showed that teachers who display positive communication behaviors and use challenging questioning followed with positive responses create pathways to potentially powerful relationships. These relationships between teachers and students can lead to increased student motivation and academic achievement in the science classroom.

  6. The Library School of the Province of Buenos Aires and the professionalization of the librarian (1948-1950

    Marcela Coria

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of teaching librarianship in the city of La Plata, taking as the central axis the creation the School of Library by the Library Department of the Province of Buenos Aires. The main characteristics of educational library institutions in the province until 1950 are described, according to interpret the background that led to the formation of this school. Then, the political and social situation is presented in the context of the first Peronista government of Buenos Aires. Finally, the contents in the curricula of the careers are addressed with the aim of describe the professional librarian ideal achieved according to the provincial government's cultural policies. It is concluded that through this educational institution tries to form a professional librarian with multiple skills related to library, a cultural agent capable of guiding readers towards national books edition yet is also assigned a teacher role, closely with the teacher and students at all levels of training.

  7. Jordanian Student Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Writing in Kindergartens during Their Field Training Experience

    Ihmeideh, Fathi; Al-Basheer, Akram; Al-Momani, Ibrahim

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine student teachers' perceptions of teaching writing in kindergartens and to identify to what extent the cooperating teachers influence the student teachers' perceptions. To achieve the research aims, a 31-item questionnaire was developed by the researchers and administered to 50 student teachers and their

  8. Preparing Teachers to Support the Development of Climate Literate Students

    Haddad, N.; Ledley, T. S.; Ellins, K. K.; Bardar, E. W.; Youngman, E.; Dunlap, C.; Lockwood, J.; Mote, A. S.; McNeal, K.; Libarkin, J. C.; Lynds, S. E.; Gold, A. U.

    2014-12-01

    The EarthLabs climate project includes curriculum development, teacher professional development, teacher leadership development, and research on student learning, all directed at increasing high school teachers' and students' understanding of the factors that shape our planet's climate. The project has developed four new modules which focus on climate literacy and which are part of the larger Web based EarthLabs collection of Earth science modules. Climate related themes highlighted in the new modules include the Earth system with its positive and negative feedback loops; the range of temporal and spatial scales at which climate, weather, and other Earth system processes occur; and the recurring question, "How do we know what we know about Earth's past and present climate?" which addresses proxy data and scientific instrumentation. EarthLabs climate modules use two central strategies to help students navigate the multiple challenges inherent in understanding climate science. The first is to actively engage students with the content by using a variety of learning modes, and by allowing students to pace themselves through interactive visualizations that address particularly challenging content. The second strategy, which is the focus of this presentation, is to support teachers in a subject area where few have substantive content knowledge or technical skills. Teachers who grasp the processes and interactions that give Earth its climate and the technical skills to engage with relevant data and visualizations are more likely to be successful in supporting students' understanding of climate's complexities. This presentation will briefly introduce the EarthLabs project and will describe the steps the project takes to prepare climate literate teachers, including Web based resources, teacher workshops, and the development of a cadre of teacher leaders who are prepared to continue leading the workshops after project funding ends.

  9. Disconnections Between Teacher Expectations and Student Confidence in Bioethics

    Hanegan, Nikki L.; Price, Laura; Peterson, Jeremy

    2008-09-01

    This study examines how student practice of scientific argumentation using socioscientific bioethics issues affects both teacher expectations of students’ general performance and student confidence in their own work. When teachers use bioethical issues in the classroom students can gain not only biology content knowledge but also important decision-making skills. Learning bioethics through scientific argumentation gives students opportunities to express their ideas, formulate educated opinions and value others’ viewpoints. Research has shown that science teachers’ expectations of student success and knowledge directly influence student achievement and confidence levels. Our study analyzes pre-course and post-course surveys completed by students enrolled in a university level bioethics course ( n = 111) and by faculty in the College of Biology and Agriculture faculty ( n = 34) based on their perceptions of student confidence. Additionally, student data were collected from classroom observations and interviews. Data analysis showed a disconnect between faculty and students perceptions of confidence for both knowledge and the use of science argumentation. Student reports of their confidence levels regarding various bioethical issues were higher than faculty reports. A further disconnect showed up between students’ preferred learning styles and the general faculty’s common teaching methods; students learned more by practicing scientific argumentation than listening to traditional lectures. Students who completed a bioethics course that included practice in scientific argumentation, significantly increased their confidence levels. This study suggests that professors’ expectations and teaching styles influence student confidence levels in both knowledge and scientific argumentation.

  10. Teacher Judgment, Student Motivation, and the Mediating Effect of Attributions

    Zhou, Ji; Urhahne, Detlef

    2013-01-01

    Based on Weiner's attributional theory of intrapersonal motivation, the mediating effect of attributions between teacher judgment and student motivation was examined. In two studies, 144 German and 272 Chinese fourth-grade elementary school students were tested on their mathematical achievement, causal ascriptions for success and failure,

  11. Teachers' Social Representation of Students with Asperger Diagnosis

    Linton, Ann-Charlotte; Germundsson, Per; Heimann, Mikael; Danermark, Berth

    2013-01-01

    While progress has been made for including students with disability into mainstream schools, trends point to problems for students with Asperger syndrome (AS) diagnosis who have a propensity to dropping out of school. Teachers' perceptions and understanding of AS will affect expectations and the attainment of educational targets. Thus, to…

  12. Teachers' Perspectives on Student Problematic Behavior and Social Skills

    Riney, Summer Sides; Bullock, Lyndal M.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined program outcomes of student problem behavior and social skills, based on teachers' perspectives, before and after early behavioral intervention services. The study targeted students in kindergarten through grade 5 who were identified by the school system as being at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. Students…

  13. Discrepancies between Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Homework

    Hong, Eunsook; Wan, Min; Peng, Yun

    2011-01-01

    For homework to help students improve school achievement and develop responsibility and autonomy in academic endeavors in and out of school, the development of teachers' understanding of students' views about homework and their homework behaviors is critical. Whether the subject of the homework is mathematics, reading, or a second language,

  14. Mathematics: Essential to Marketing. Student's Manual and Teacher's Guide.

    Helton, Betty G.; Griffin, Jennie

    This document contains both a student's manual and a teacher's guide for high school mathematics essential to marketing. The student's manual contains 34 assignments within the following 11 units: (1) arithmetic fundamentals; (2) application of arithmetic fundamentals; (3) cashiering; (4) inventory procedures; (5) invoices; (6) computing employee…

  15. Professor Age Affects Student Ratings: Halo Effect for Younger Teachers

    Wilson, Janie H.; Beyer, Denise; Monteiro, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Student evaluations of teaching provide valued information about teaching effectiveness, and studies support the reliability and validity of such measures. However, research also illustrates potential moderation of student perceptions based on teacher gender, attractiveness, and even age, although the latter receives little research attention. In…

  16. Giving Students Voice as a Strategy for Improving Teacher Practice

    Ferguson, Dianne L.; Hanreddy, Amy; Draxton, Shawna

    2011-01-01

    This study used a semi-structured interview tool with elementary students in an inclusive charter school in a western state in the United States. Students with and without disabilities were asked to comment on their participation in their classroom and their perceptions of the classroom climate in order to begin a dialogue with their teachers that…

  17. Student-Teacher Interaction in Online Learning Environments

    Wright, Robert D., Ed.

    2015-01-01

    As face-to-face interaction between student and instructor is not present in online learning environments, it is increasingly important to understand how to establish and maintain social presence in online learning. "Student-Teacher Interaction in Online Learning Environments" provides successful strategies and procedures for developing…

  18. Student-Teacher Collaboration: A Skateboard Project that Really Rocks!

    Moore, Tim

    2005-01-01

    As a teacher, the author gets his biggest charge from seeing students' eyes light up when he asks them a question related to a topic on which they are the experts and he is the novice. Skateboarding provides a prime example. Since most of his students have a personal interest and involvement in skateboarding, he introduced a skateboard project to

  19. Students' and Teachers' Perceptions: An Inquiry into Academic Writing

    Wolsey, Thomas DeVere; Lapp, Diane; Fisher, Douglas

    2012-01-01

    Academic writing is a mainstay of expression in secondary schools. However, many students think of academic writing in terms of local operations that include spelling, punctuation, use of third person, and so on. Teachers may expect mastery of local operations, but often they want students to navigate the terrain of the content area or discipline…

  20. Teachers' Social Representation of Students with Asperger Diagnosis

    Linton, Ann-Charlotte; Germundsson, Per; Heimann, Mikael; Danermark, Berth

    2013-01-01

    While progress has been made for including students with disability into mainstream schools, trends point to problems for students with Asperger syndrome (AS) diagnosis who have a propensity to dropping out of school. Teachers' perceptions and understanding of AS will affect expectations and the attainment of educational targets. Thus, to

  1. Civil Technology Applications. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition.

    Schertz, Karen

    Teacher and student editions of Civil Technology Applications are one in a series of competency-based instructional materials for drafting and civil technology programs. It includes the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed as a drafter or civil technician in a civil engineering firm. Introductory pages in the teacher…

  2. Teacher Strategies for Nurturing Healthy Connections with Students.

    Deiro, Judith

    1997-01-01

    A study explored ways for secondary teachers to nurture healthy relationships with 150 students without becoming surrogate parents or counselors. Results disclosed six effective strategies: creating one-to-one time, using appropriate self-disclosure, believing strongly in students' abilities, networking with family and friends, building a sense of…

  3. Student Misbehaviour in Secondary Education: Greek Teachers' Views and Attitudes

    Koutrouba, Konstantina

    2013-01-01

    The present paper examines Greek secondary education teachers' views on and attitudes towards in-classroom students' misbehaviour. Eight hundred and sixty-nine participants provided information, firstly, on the frequency and the forms of in-class misbehaviour incidents, secondly, on their beliefs about the origins of students' misbehaviour, and,…

  4. Student Music Teachers' Learning Styles in Theoretical and Practical Situations

    Calissendorff, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzes and compares the results of a survey and an interview investigation concerning the learning styles of 32 student music teachers at The University College of Music Education (SMI) in Sweden. The students' learning style preferences were examined through a productivity environmental preference survey (PEPS), a computer-based

  5. Teacher Judgment, Student Motivation, and the Mediating Effect of Attributions

    Zhou, Ji; Urhahne, Detlef

    2013-01-01

    Based on Weiner's attributional theory of intrapersonal motivation, the mediating effect of attributions between teacher judgment and student motivation was examined. In two studies, 144 German and 272 Chinese fourth-grade elementary school students were tested on their mathematical achievement, causal ascriptions for success and failure,…

  6. Mathematics: Essential to Marketing. Student's Manual and Teacher's Guide.

    Helton, Betty G.; Griffin, Jennie

    This document contains both a student's manual and a teacher's guide for high school mathematics essential to marketing. The student's manual contains 34 assignments within the following 11 units: (1) arithmetic fundamentals; (2) application of arithmetic fundamentals; (3) cashiering; (4) inventory procedures; (5) invoices; (6) computing employee

  7. Influence of Teachers' Behaviour on Students' Adaptation after School Transition

    Rupsiene, Liudmila; Kucinskiene, Ramute

    2005-01-01

    This research aimed to reveal how students' adaptation after a school transition is related to teachers' behaviour. The gross sample of the research consisted of 1078 students (from 159 schools, representing almost all municipalities of the country) and 999 of their parents. The main research instrument was questionnaires for both children and…

  8. Students' Perceptions of Characteristics of Effective College Teachers.

    Witcher, Ann E.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Filer, Janet D.; Wiedmaier, Cheryl D.; Moore, Chris

    Virtually all college teachers are required or expected to administer to their students some type of course evaluation instrument at one or more points during each course. These evaluation measures are based on what faculty and administrators consider to be characteristics of effective college teaching, with little or no input from students.

  9. Student Teaching from the Perspectives of Cooperating Teachers and Pupils

    Altan, Mustafa Zülküf; Saglamel, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    To facilitate student-teachers' transition from internship to permanent positions, they are advised to meticulously learn from real experiences of practicum process as it might form their future teaching practices. To help promote the effectiveness of this process, investigating student-teaching from stakeholder perspectives could be enriching.…

  10. Teacher Tweets Improve Achievement for Eighth Grade Science Students

    Carol Van Vooren

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In the Digital Age teachers have fallen far behind the technical skills of their "digital native" students. The implementation of technology as a tool for classroom communication is foreign for most teachers, but highly preferred by students. While teenagers are using Facebook, Twitter, and other social networks to communicate, teachers continue to respond through face-to-face conversations, telephone calls, and email messaging. Twitter, a platform for short message service text, is an online social network site that allows users to send and receive messages using 140 characters or less called Tweets. To analyze the relationship of the teacher's use of Twitter with student academic achievement, a correlation study conducted by Bess collected data from two matched samples of eighth grade science students: one utilizing Twitter and one not utilizing Twitter to reinforce classroom instruction. Two tests matching the science standards were given to both samples of students. The results of the tests were used as primary data. The findings suggested a positive correlation between the use of Twitter and student performance on the standardized tests. Implications for this study indicate that young teenagers may prefer Twitter as a mode of communication with their teacher, resulting in higher academic achievement in a middle school science class.

  11. Teachers' And Students' Views On The Storyline Approach

    AVCI, Sleyman; YKSEL, Arzu

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed to determine the effects of storyline on the students and teachers when it was adopted in the science and technology lesson of the 4th class. In this study, the case study method was used. The participants of the study included 48 students being educated in the 4th class of a primary school in both A and B classes. The instructional design based on the storyline was prepared according to the acquisitions of the science and technology lesson. Students and teachers were ...

  12. The Differential Effect of the Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationship on Student Outcomes for Students with Different Ethnic Backgrounds

    den Brok, Perry; van Tartwijk, Jan; Wubbels, Theo; Veldman, Ietje

    2010-01-01

    Background: The differential effectiveness of schools and teachers receives a growing interest, but few studies focused on the relevance of student ethnicity for this effectiveness and only a small number of these studies investigated teaching in terms of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship. Furthermore, the methodology employed often

  13. Faculty-Librarian Collaboration: A Mexican Experience.

    Lau, Jesus

    2001-01-01

    Describes the user education program developed at the Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez (Mexico). Topics include the faculty-librarian partnership; information needs of library users, both faculty and students; library facilities; electronic classrooms; faculty training; and educational models and learning processes. (LRW)

  14. Leadership Effects on Student Learning Mediated by Teacher Emotions

    Jingping Sun; Kenneth Leithwood

    2015-01-01

    School leaders’ influence on student achievement is largely indirect. Using systematic review techniques, this paper assesses the impact that leaders have on their students when they focus their improvement efforts on those teacher emotions or dispositions known to have direct effects on teaching and learning in the classroom. Building on an earlier conceptions of how leadership influences student learning and based on a review of research over the last 25 years, this study identifies four di...

  15. The Role of Students and Content in Teacher Effectiveness

    Ennis, Catherine D.

    2014-01-01

    The process of effective teaching—teaching that directly leads to student learning of standards-based content—is tenuous at best and easily disrupted by contextual and behavioral factors. In this commentary, I discuss the role of student support and mediation in teacher effectiveness and curricular reform. The most vocal students in physical education classes appear to thrive in the current multiactivity, recreation-oriented sport culture that dominates many U.S. physical education programs. ...

  16. Hearing Voices: Using Narrative Inquiry to Examine How Preservice Teachers Experience Transition from University Student to Student Teacher

    Morrison, Jennifer D.

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted with three participants, who were undergraduate students in a teacher training program in a western university, as they transitioned from university coursework to their student teaching internships over a five month period. Their internships were held in public elementary schools within the same or neighboring states in

  17. The Role of the Prepracticum in Lessening Student Teacher Stress: Student Teachers' Perceptions of Stress during Practicum

    Danyluk, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Research on the student teaching practicum indicates that it is a time of enormous stress. The purpose of this study was to gather information from student teachers regarding their perceptions of stress while in the midst of their practicum. The questions were designed to gather information that could be used to create a less stressful practicum.…

  18. Nonfiction Book Apps: Addressing CCSS and Engaging Students

    Potter, Cathy; Scheuer, Mary Ann

    2013-01-01

    As schools around the country implement the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), teachers and school librarians are looking for ways to incorporate more engaging nonfiction reading. The quantity of informational texts students will be required to read will increase drastically, and students will be asked to apply higher-level thinking skills to…

  19. Assessment of MLA assertiveness training for librarians: students' behavior changes after taking C.E. 669, Assertiveness and Human Relations Skills.

    Caputo, J S

    1985-01-01

    C.E. 669, offered for three years, was MLA's first personal development continuing education course. Participants were asked to respond to a follow-up survey about their current assertive philosophy, awareness, and behavioral repertoire. They were also assessed by the Librarian's Assertiveness Inventory, a tool that indicates patterns of behavioral responses, for which some normative data were available from librarians who had not taken the class. Class participants were found to be more like...

  20. What Characterises the Competent RE Teacher? Finnish Student Teachers' Perceptions at the Beginning of Their Pedagogical Training

    Ubani, Martin

    2012-01-01

    This study is part of a research project concerning perceptions of competence among RE student teachers at different stages of their pedagogical studies. This article focuses on the perceptions of RE teachers' competence at the beginning of their training. According to the qualitative data the RE student teachers discerned various areas of…

  1. Using the Teacher Work Sample to Assess the Impact of PETE Program Changes upon Student Teachers' Performance

    Phillips, Carol L.; Marston, Rip E.

    2008-01-01

    The effects of Physical Education Teacher Education program modifications upon selected characteristics identified with effective teaching were assessed utilizing the Teacher Work Sample (TWS). Data were collected from all student teacher candidates during the 2002 student teaching sessions. Based upon the 2002 data, interventions were made to a…

  2. Exploring the Association between Teachers' Perceived Student Misbehaviour and Emotional Exhaustion: The Importance of Teacher Efficacy Beliefs and Emotion Regulation

    Tsouloupas, Costas N.; Carson, Russell L.; Matthews, Russell; Grawitch, Matthew J.; Barber, Larissa K.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between teachers' perceived student misbehaviour and emotional exhaustion, and the role of teacher efficacy beliefs (related to handling student misbehaviour) and emotion regulation in this relationship. Additionally, we examined teacher turnover intentions in relation to emotional…

  3. Why Do Student Teachers Enrol for a Teaching Degree? A Study of Teacher Recruitment in Portugal and Sweden

    Flores, Maria Assuno; Niklasson, Laila

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on findings from an exploratory study carried out in Portugal and Sweden, concerning student teacher recruitment to Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programmes. It addresses issues such as the motivations and expectations of the student teachers regarding the teaching profession. Drawing upon existing related literature, a

  4. Why Do Student Teachers Enrol for a Teaching Degree? A Study of Teacher Recruitment in Portugal and Sweden

    Flores, Maria Assunção; Niklasson, Laila

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on findings from an exploratory study carried out in Portugal and Sweden, concerning student teacher recruitment to Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programmes. It addresses issues such as the motivations and expectations of the student teachers regarding the teaching profession. Drawing upon existing related literature, a…

  5. Attention to Student Needs Mediates the Relationship between Teacher Emotional Intelligence and Student Misconduct in the Classroom

    Nizielski, Sophia; Hallum, Suhair; Lopes, Paulo N.; Schutz, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the relationship between teacher Emotional intelligence (EI) and student misconduct was the goal of this research. We hypothesized that teachers high in EI tend to establish good working relationships with students by being attentive to their students' needs. In a sample of 300 Syrian teachers, EI was assessed with the Wong and Law…

  6. Gas Metal Arc Welding and Flux-Cored Arc Welding. Third Edition. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook.

    Knapp, John; Harper, Eddie

    This packet, containing a teacher's edition, a student edition, and a student workbook, introduces students to high deposition welding and processes for "shielding" a weld. In addition to general information, the teacher edition consists of introductory pages and teacher pages, as well as unit information that corresponds to the materials in the…

  7. Teacher Leaders: Boosting Teacher Effectiveness and Student Achievement. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 11, Number 6

    Education Commission of the States (NJ3), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Teacher leaders are teachers who aspire to stretch beyond their classrooms to engage in leadership roles that take many shapes and forms, both "informal" and "formal." These teachers view the school as a whole, see the "big picture" and focus on how they can help improve aspects of the school to result in increases in student achievement. Teacher

  8. Teachers' Analyses of Classroom Video Predict Student Learning of Mathematics: Further Explorations of a Novel Measure of Teacher Knowledge

    Kersting, Nicole B.; Givvin, Karen B.; Sotelo, Francisco L.; Stigler, James W.

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between teacher knowledge and student learning in the area of mathematics by developing and evaluating an innovative approach to assessing teacher knowledge. This approach is based on teachers' analyses of classroom video clips. Teachers watched 13 video clips of classroom instruction and then provided written

  9. Eight Ways Your Librarian Can Help Promote Literacy

    Fenn, Jane

    2005-01-01

    This article presents eight ways a school librarian can help promote literacy and life-long learning: (1) Offer books that teenagers want to read; (2) Promote reading for pleasure; (3) Recommend related reading to teachers in many subject areas; (4) Collaborate with teachers to incorporate literature and technology into the curriculum; (5) Offer

  10. Copyright for librarians the essential handbook

    Berkman Center for Internet and Society

    2012-01-01

    "Copyright for Librarians" (CFL) is an online open curriculum on copyright law that was developed jointly with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Re-designed as a brand new textbook, "Copyright for Librarians: the essential handbook" can be used as a stand-alone resource or as an adjunct to the online version which contains additional links and references for students who wish to pursue any topic in greater depth. Delve into copyright theory or explore enforcement. With a new index and a handy Glossary, the Handbook is essential reading for librarians who want to hone their skills in 2013, and for anyone learning about or teaching copyright law in the information field.

  11. Co-teaching in information literacy during work placements: the librarians role

    Anett Kristin Kolstad

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:This article presents findings from a development project designed to improve Information Literacy (IL education by linking it to nursing students application of evidence-based practice during work placements. The Learning Centre at Oslo University College in Norway aimed to find out, what interactions and conditions influenced the librarians role in the context of interdisciplinary supervision of nursing students assignments and the development of a common supervision culture.Research Design:The librarian involved in the initiative had a dual role as both researcher and practitioner. Besides direct experiences from being a participant in the project, the empirical material consists of observation notes, meeting notes, presentations, guideline in IL, e-mails, an interview, 285 comments from students, nurse educators, nurse supervisors and librarians, through blog and the Wiki Learning Management System (LMS. The evidence on which this article is based involved analysis of both oral and written communication, framed in practice-oriented approaches.Findings:The conditions influencing the changing position of the librarian from an outsider to becoming a member of the community of practice with common structures for the collaboration and supervision included meetings, a blog and a Wiki. Multidisciplinary, complementary skills in the supervision teams provided improved quality of supervision and led to a new joint supervision community.Conclusion:Together with the nurse educators and the nurse supervisors, the librarian was able to be a partner and a catalyst of IL workplace learning. The LMS was a decisive tool in the process. However, to be successful, this changed role for the librarian may require further pedagogical training and expertise in the development of interdisciplinary educational supervision.

  12. Teacher development and student well-being

    Rebecca Winthrop

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Improved support for teachers’ professional development is vital during emergency, chronic crisis and early reconstruction contexts as teachers can have a significant impact on their students’ well-being.

  13. Student Teaching Program: Feedback from Supervising Teachers.

    Funk, Fanchon F.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Provides an example of a comprehensive form for obtaining specific evaluative data related to teacher education programs. Reports on the findings of preliminary investigations that used the form. (FL)

  14. Teacher Reports of Student Health and Its Influence on Students' School Performance

    Moore, Tara C.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Hollo, Alexandra; Robertson, Rachel E.; Maggin, Daniel M.

    2014-01-01

    Physical health may be an important variable that influences students' behavioral and academic performance in school settings. Poor health status is hypothesized to negatively influence student performance even in the presence of evidence-based practices. In this study, teachers reported their perceptions of students' health status as…

  15. Teacher Reports of Student Health and Its Influence on Students' School Performance

    Moore, Tara C.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Hollo, Alexandra; Robertson, Rachel E.; Maggin, Daniel M.

    2014-01-01

    Physical health may be an important variable that influences students' behavioral and academic performance in school settings. Poor health status is hypothesized to negatively influence student performance even in the presence of evidence-based practices. In this study, teachers reported their perceptions of students' health status as

  16. Learning activities of student-teachers during action-research

    Gootzen, Marly; Kools, Quinta; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia

    2011-01-01

    Action research is an important tool in upgrading the level of theoretical knowledge and improving the quality of education by reflection (Carr & Kemmis, 1986; Steinberg & Kincheloe, 1998). Implementing action research in the curricula of pre-service teacher training is an effective way to implement action research at the secondary schools. But how do people learn to carry out action research? In order to get a better understanding of this learning process, 14 student teachers who have been w...

  17. Canadian FSL Teacher Candidate Beliefs about Students with Learning Difficulties

    Katy Arnett; Callie Mady; Lin Muilenburg

    2014-01-01

    Through the lens of critical theory, and with consideration of research on the beliefs of teacher candidates and inclusion, this study considers the views of French Second Language pre-service teachers toward students with learning difficulties.  This study reports on the results of two questionnaires, implemented prior to and following the participants’ classroom practicum experiences, as a way to determine if and how experience and/or other personal demographic factors shaped the...

  18. The Living Network of Schools Owned by Teachers and Students

    Glazek, Stanislaw D.

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes a network of teachers and students who form a living system of education at all levels and achieve high standards. The key process of the network is the process of effective learning by inquiry. Physics is distinguished among sciences as the most transparent source of understanding what it means to learn effectively by inquiry. We suggest that teachers and others who are interested in building the network start from learning about the contexts of productive learning by in...

  19. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

    Leslie G. Vandevoort; Audrey Amrein-Beardsley; David C. Berliner

    2004-01-01

    Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evid...

  20. Desirable characteristics for teachers of High Ability/Gifted students

    Alexandra da Costa Souza Martins

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the desirable educational background for a teacher to work with high ability/gifted students, desirable characteristics these teachers should present and conceptions on high ability/giftedness. The participants were 20 public school teachers from a city surrounding Brasilia. Of this group, ten were elementary school teachers working with initial grades and ten were undergraduate Pedagogy teachers. A qualitative approach was used and data were collected by means of a semi-structured interview. A content analysis was then conducted. In relation to the desirable educational background for a teach of high ability/gifted students, participants indicated the need of continuous training, under graduation curriculum adapted to the theme and graduation courses in the area. The desirable features for teachers of high ability/gifted students were related to personological attributes (personality traits and intellectual ability, as well as professional characteristics. The conceptions on high ability/giftedness presented by the participants were, in general, close to those found in the literature and used as reference for this study. However, there was lack of information on how to apply the theory into real practice, as well as several wrong ideas on the topic.

  1. Mining Data to Find Adept Teachers in Dealing with Students

    Umesh Kumar Pandey; Saurabh Pal

    2012-01-01

    Higher education faculty staffs lack behind any prior training program of teaching. Mostly staffs teach students in his/her ways. They are unaware of the qualities of a teacher which they must possess as how to tackle the problems arising in teaching, what key points must be remembered while teaching etc. This may cause a teacher to be unsuccessful in classroom. So the problem is the amount of knowledge a staff has of a teaching process. Educationist finds few qualities of a good teacher. But...

  2. Who is your best university teacher and why? characteristics of good university teachers under the view of teacher education students

    Graziela Giusti Pachane

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This text aims to analyze the perception of students from different teaching courses at a Federal University in Minas Gerais about the characteristics of good university teachers. It amplifies the analysis developed by a group of graduate students who collect data for a report written as final task of a graduate discipline. This previous report was introduced in a larger project whose objective was to study university pedagogy. Based on studies conducted by national and international researchers on university teachers´ education and practice, we analyzed the data collected by means of a questionnaire specifically designed to know who were considered the best professors, and why they were distinguished from others, according to the opinion of teaching students. The results of the research points out the importance of didactics, of good relationship with students, specific content knowledge, communication abilities and concern with students´ learning as the main important factors that distinguish the best teachers from others. Results also lead us to a number of questions, mainly related to the fact that those teachers are responsible for preparing other teachers.

  3. Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects

    Charles T. Clotfelter; Helen F. Ladd; Jacob L. Vigdor

    2007-01-01

    We use data on statewide end-of-course tests in North Carolina to examine the relationship between teacher credentials and student achievement at the high school level. The availability of test scores in multiple subjects for each student permits us to estimate a model with student fixed effects, which helps minimize any bias associated with the non-random distribution of teachers and students among classrooms within schools. We find compelling evidence that teacher credentials affect student...

  4. Student teachers' approaches to student's mistakes in the case of the absolute value concept

    Sava? Ba?trk

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available After the studies of Piaget and Bachelard, students mistakes were considered essential for learning and a messenger of knowledge being constructed. The purpose of this study was to define the approaches of student teachers regarding students mistakes and analyze those approaches in the light of learning theories (such as behaviorism, constructivism. The sample group consisted of 28 student-teachers from Secondary Mathematics Education department at the Ataturk Education Faculty of Marmara University. Data were collected through a questionnaire consisted of likert-type, open-ended and close-ended questions. In open-ended questions, student teachers were invited to interpret students mistakes on the concept of absolute value acquired from related literature. Data were analyzed and interpreted by the means of quantitative and qualitative approaches. One of the most considerable results of the study was that student teachers conceptions regarding the mistakes of the students reflected the approaches of classical and behaviorist views about learning.

  5. Science Teacher Quality and Effectiveness: Gweru Urban Junior Secondary School Students Points of View

    Mandina Shadreck; Mambanda Isaac

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions among junior secondary science students from Gweru Urban secondary schools in Zimbabwe towards science teachers' teaching quality and effectiveness. This qualitative study approached and interviewed Form 2 students from 10 different schools in Gweru urban. The results show that three key dimensions of science teacher quality and effectiveness emerged: teacher's scientific knowledge, teachers pedagogical skills and teacher's social comp...

  6. Preliminary Investigation of the Sources of Self-Efficacy Among Teachers of Students with Autism

    Ruble, Lisa A.; Usher, Ellen L.; McGrew, John H.

    2011-01-01

    Teacher self-efficacy refers to the beliefs teachers hold regarding their capability to bring about desired instructional outcomes and may be helpful for understanding and addressing critical issues such as teacher attrition and teacher use of research-supported practices. Educating students with autism likely presents teachers with some of the most significant instructional challenges. The self-efficacy of 35 special education teachers of students with autism between the ages of 3 to 9 years...

  7. Changing Preservice Teachers' Beliefs about Motivating Students

    Peterson, Sarah; Schreiber, Jim; Moss, Connie

    2011-01-01

    We examined the effects of an educational psychology course on students' beliefs about motivating students. After providing opportunities to engage in systematic intentional inquiry of their beliefs about teaching and learning, we expected that students' beliefs would become more soundly based in theory and research. Following several classes on…

  8. A Snapshot of Teacher Bullying and its Effect on Academic Stress of Students

    Sharma, Dr. Indira; Mehta, Sonam

    2014-01-01

    The present study focuses on teacher bullying behavior on a sample of 200 students in India. "Statistically about 1 to 2 percent of teachers are actually involved in bullying students," says Dr. Haber. The research aims to explore this area to give a snapshot of teacher bullying and get the answer of questions, which are as follows; whether even today, students are victimized by teachers bullying behavior in Indian classroom, and whether teacher bullying behavior affect both male and female s...

  9. The Student Writing Archive Project (SWAP): Designing a Searchable Database of Student Writing and Teacher Commentary for English Teacher Preparation Courses

    Sherry, Michael B.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher candidates have few opportunities during their teacher preparation coursework to investigate practices associated with eliciting and responding to student writing. This article describes an attempt to address this problem with a searchable online digital archive of student writing, with and without teachers' written feedback, as well

  10. The Ideal Psychology Teacher: Qualitative Analysis of Views from Brunei GCE A-Level Students and Trainee Psychology Teachers

    Nurul Azureen Omar; Sri Ridhwanah Matarsat; Nur Hafizah Azmin; Veronica Chung Ai Wei; Mohd Mu izzuddin Mohd Nasir; Ummi Kalthum Syahirah Sahari; Masitah Shahrill; Lawrence Mundia

    2014-01-01

    We qualitatively explored the notion of the ideal teacher from the context of pre-university Brunei General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A-Level) psychology students and trainee psychology teachers. Both previous research and our own analyses on this concept revealed that the so-called ideal teacher was neither a perfect nor a super teacher but rather an effective instructor who was firm, fair, and a good communicator. Psychology students of various ability levels (high achiev...

  11. An Investigation of English Language Teachers and Students' Views on Ethical Principles towards Students

    Cephe, Pasa Tevfik; Keles, Yener

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to raise the quality of teaching English language and to contribute to the improvement of ELT Teachers profession by investigating the extent to which English teachers at Mugla Sitki Koçman University apply the ethical code towards students during their teaching process. The study was conducted in Preparatory School of…

  12. Economically Disadvantaged Student Failure: The Role of Non-Minority Teachers of Elementary School Students

    Ikegulu, T. Nelson

    2009-01-01

    The present research study has shown that minority and non-minority students taught by black and white teachers in a southeastern school district in the state of Texas understood more mathematical concepts and knowledge when taught by teachers of their own ethnic background. The present investigation is relevant because it sought to either refute…

  13. Student Science Teachers' Accounts of a Well-Remembered Event about Classroom Management.

    Zuckerman, June Trop

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how 36 student science teachers described and responded to one of their own classroom management problems. Based on student teachers' written accounts of a well-remembered event about classroom management. (SAH)

  14. Showing Automatically Generated Students' Conceptual Models to Students and Teachers

    Perez-Marin, Diana; Pascual-Nieto, Ismael

    2010-01-01

    A student conceptual model can be defined as a set of interconnected concepts associated with an estimation value that indicates how well these concepts are used by the students. It can model just one student or a group of students, and can be represented as a concept map, conceptual diagram or one of several other knowledge representation

  15. To What Extent Do Student Teachers Have the Values Required for the Profession?

    Morales-Vives, Fabia; Camps, Misericordia; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to determine to what extent the values held by student teachers at the start of a university degree programme coincide with the values that practising teachers consider important for their profession. Our findings show that student teachers and practising teachers have different value profiles, and that there is…

  16. Differential Effects of a Long Teacher Training Internship on Students' Learning-to-Teach Patterns

    Donche, Vincent; Endedijk, Maaike D.; van Daal, Tine

    2015-01-01

    To become a lifelong learner as a teacher, student teachers already have to learn how to direct their own learning during initial teacher education programmes. Previous empirical research has shown that student teachers differ in their patterns of learning-to-teach, but few is known about the changeability of these learning patterns throughout…

  17. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Ways of Guiding High School Students in GeoGebra-Supported Inquiry Tasks

    Hahkioniemi, Markus; Leppaaho, Henry

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we study how prospective teachers guide students' reasoning in GeoGebra-supported inquiry tasks. Twenty prospective mathematics teachers wrote about how they would react as a teacher in hypothetical situations where high school students present their GeoGebra-supported solutions to the teacher. Before writing their reactions, the…

  18. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Ways of Guiding High School Students in GeoGebra-Supported Inquiry Tasks

    Hahkioniemi, Markus; Leppaaho, Henry

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we study how prospective teachers guide students' reasoning in GeoGebra-supported inquiry tasks. Twenty prospective mathematics teachers wrote about how they would react as a teacher in hypothetical situations where high school students present their GeoGebra-supported solutions to the teacher. Before writing their reactions, the

  19. From a Distance: Student Empowerment and Constructing Teacher Identities Online

    Ayshe TALAY-ONGAN

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Online learning has infiltrated tertiary learning and teaching applications and offers enrichment in the construction of student learning through opportunities unfathomable for most university teachers when they were students. While all students benefit from online learning components that are supplemental to more traditional modes of teaching, it is the distance education students who are the most significant beneficiaries of these applications. This paper presents a framework developed towards ongoing dynamic evaluations of undergraduate units that are fully online on the WebCT platform in one of Australia's leading early childhood teacher education programs. It also describes a journey in which online learning and teaching experiences harnessed technology to better suit pedagogically-driven innovations and initiatives through unit content, instructional design and the emotionally supportive and empowering 'community spirit' created through online communications for distance education students. These experiences helped shape a platform of social discourse in constructing complex professional identities of pre-service early childhood teachers, and one of their teachers.

  20. Student teachers' practical knowledge, discipline strategies, and the teacher-class relationship

    Jong, Romina Janny de

    2013-01-01

    Social aspects of the learning environment, also called classroom climate, are important for students cognitive and affective learning outcomes. In this thesis the classroom climate is operationalised by means of two components: the teacher-class relationship and classroom discipline. The teacher-class relationship is described with the dimensions of control and affiliation, and classroom discipline is described with sensitive, directive and aggressive discipline strategies. Practical kno...

  1. The Role of Librarians in Academic Success

    Dold, Claudia J.

    2013-01-01

    Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skill...

  2. Investigating the Impacts of Job Stress on the University Librarians within the Persepective of Human Resource Management: The Case of North Cyprus

    Dinçyürek, Akman

    2010-01-01

    Librarians in there relations with there customers and with other librarians have to establish good relations. Librarians work long hours and it is somewhat monotonous. Librarians are also busy with a collateral work while working as a librarian. Working together busy sincere, warm relations among managers and working personnel. University libraries are integral part of every university and they have to meet the demands of students in thousands. The aim of this article is to find out the...

  3. Roles of the Students and Teachers in Distance Education

    Fahriye ALTINAY

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Distance Education is the new, global technology based education to facilitate easy, immediate learning and interaction for all communicators who are the teachers and students that involve the education program. Distance Education can provide wide-mass education for everyone, it leads people to learn individually and let responsibility of learning to the people. In addition to this; it is obvious to select courses and content that reflect the concerning needs and motivation of students. It provides creative and qualified ideas atmosphere and information that will be presented should be update and interesting for all different kinds of students according to their backgrounds information. For the effective distance education programs out of the communicational or any kind of barriers, there should be consciousness on the definable roles of the teachers and students in learning-teaching process.

  4. Science student teachers attitudes towards reflective practice: differences in subjects and grades

    Rifat Efe

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available teachers ability to reflect on their practice is an important element of teaching sciences. Developing the ability to bereflective in those studying to become science teachers is a core element of any successful teacher education programme. Thisstudy investigated science student teachers attitudes about reflective practice. A total of 206 science student-teachers (68biology, 49 physics, 56 chemistry and 33 primary science student-teachers in their initial teacher education course at DicleUniversity, Turkey, were surveyed using questionnaires. The data were analysed by using correlations (Pearson, t-test and oneway ANOVA with SPSS 13.0. The findings suggest that science student-teachers attitudes toward reflective practice change inrelation to their subjects and years of study. The study did not find any difference in science student-teachers attitudes towardreflective practice in relation to gender.

  5. Students', Guardians', and Teachers' Perceptions of Student-Led Conferences

    Orso, Charlotte Lindsey

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the ELL and non-ELL students', guardians', and the English as a second language (ESL) teachers' perceptions of student-led conferences. Specifically, the study examined if ELL students' and guardians' preferences were similar to non-ELL students' and guardians' preferences

  6. "Lights, Camera, Reflection": Using Peer Video to Promote Reflective Dialogue among Student Teachers

    Harford, Judith; MacRuairc, Gerry; McCartan, Dermot

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the use of peer-videoing in the classroom as a means of promoting reflection among student teachers. Ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the Republic of Ireland and ten pre-service teachers participating in a teacher education programme in a university in the North of…

  7. An Examination of Teacher Instruction and Student Engagement Involving Adolescents with and without Challenging Behavior

    Hirn, Regina Gilkey

    2011-01-01

    The interactions between teachers and students provide a venue for instructional delivery and ultimately student achievement in the school setting. However, not all students experience positive interactions with teachers in the typical classroom setting, especially those students exhibiting behavioral challenges. These students are observed with…

  8. Child abuse and neglect: Training needs of student teachers

    Kee, Bronagh Mc; Dillenburger, Karola

    2009-01-01

    Increasing awareness of child abuse and neglect (CAN) raises questions about how well teachers are prepared for their role in child protection. This paper assesses and differentiates training needs of first-year students (n = 216) in Northern Ireland. Multiplechoice tests were used to assess knowledge of CAN statistics; recognising and reporting; policies, procedures, and legislative frameworks; and direct work with children. Considerable gaps in knowledge were found. Results between student ...

  9. Teachers' Adaptive Instruction Supporting Students' Literacy Learning

    Vaughn, Margaret; Parsons, Seth A.; Gallagher, Melissa A.; Branen, Jeneille

    2016-01-01

    Adaptive teaching is an instructional approach where differences among learners are clearly recognized. For the last decade, our research team has studied literacy teachers' instructional adaptations in numerous classrooms in different regions of the United States. In this article, we share conclusions and insights from this longitudinal research.

  10. From Teacher Burnout to Student Burnout

    PP, Noushad

    2008-01-01

    Originally, Burnout was a common work related phenomena resulting of severe stress. Burnout is considered to be a long-term stress reaction that particularly occurs among professionals who work with people in some capacity--like teachers, nurses, or social workers. Although various definitions of burnout exist, it is most commonly described as a…

  11. Tomorrow's engineers through teacher/student programs at Penn State

    Interest in math and science increases when the problems and topics are current and socially relevant. A course that integrates various sciences requires a solid foundation in mathematics and an understanding that real life consists of an interaction of the basic sciences. One topical area that requires the understanding of math and science and affects our society is radiation. Although nuclear issues are prevalent in the news, very few secondary science educators receive much formal training in radiation and nuclear science. A strong push for educational programs on this topic by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and state departments of education began in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Through this effort, Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) developed the Nuclear Concepts Institute for secondary science teachers and has continued its involvement with educational programs in nuclear science for teachers and students. From discussions with teachers and students along with formal and informal surveys, the programs have had a positive impact on teachers' interest in learning more about nuclear science and on students' choices to enter nuclear engineering or a related field. The paper discusses the Nuclear Concepts Program; formation of the American Nuclear Science Teachers Association (ANSTA); ANSTA projects; other Penn State educational programs; and impact of education programs

  12. The status of systems librarians

    Seadle, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Systems librarians are a subspecies on whom everyone in the library world depends. Yet no one who has worked as a systems librarian would recognize themselves as having an exalted status. The problem lies in the dual nature of their work: they must be computer professionals and librarians simultaneously. And that is hard.

  13. Repairing Discordant Student--Teacher Relationships: A Case Study Using Emotion-Focused Therapy

    Lander, Itzhak

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the use of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) to reduce conflict in the student-teacher relationship. A case study of a homeroom teacher and a sixth-grade student is presented. This innovative family treatment model is demonstrated to be a useful tool for improving the student-teacher relational system, resulting in amelioration

  14. Interpersonal Interactions in Instrumental Lessons: Teacher/Student Verbal and Non-Verbal Behaviours

    Zhukov, Katie

    2013-01-01

    This study examined verbal and non-verbal teacher/student interpersonal interactions in higher education instrumental music lessons. Twenty-four lessons were videotaped and teacher/student behaviours were analysed using a researcher-designed instrument. The findings indicate predominance of student and teacher joke among the verbal behaviours with

  15. When in Rome...: Influences on Special Education Student-Teachers' Teaching

    Cook, Lysandra

    2007-01-01

    Student-teaching is the foundational professional experience for most special education teachers. We investigated the influences on preservice teachers' decision-making during their student-teaching through a two-part study. In the first phase, six undergraduate student-teachers at a large Midwestern university participated in focus group.

  16. Measuring the Attitudes of Teachers of Students with Significant Disabilities about Aspects of Their Jobs

    Pearson, Mary Margaret

    2010-01-01

    This study measured the attitudes of teachers of students with significant disabilities with the "Attitudes of Teachers of Students with Significant Disabilities about Aspects of Their Jobs" survey. Teachers who worked with at least one student with significant disabilities were contacted via e-mail throughout four states in the United States,…

  17. Student Teacher Challenges: Using the Cognitive Load Theory as an Explanatory Lens

    Moos, Daniel C.; Pitton, Debra

    2014-01-01

    Cognitive load theory (CLT) can explain the challenges faced by student teachers. This study, guided by the CLT, included 26 pre-service teachers. Participants completed a cognitive load self-report questionnaire and were interviewed at two points during their student teaching. Results revealed that student teachers decreased mental effort related…

  18. A Descriptive Study of the Language of Teachers and Students in Elementary Stenography Classes.

    Petersen, Betty J.

    The verbal behavior of teachers and students in elementary stenography classes is described. Observational data, consisting of the verbal behavior of teachers and students in 30 elementary stenography classes, were categorized and analyzed. From this initial analysis, a basic model of teacher-student behavior was defined. Deviations from the basic…

  19. Assistive Technology Competencies of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments: A Comparison of Perceptions

    Zhou, Li; Smith, Derrick W.; Parker, Amy T.; Griffin-Shirley, Nora

    2011-01-01

    This study surveyed teachers of students with visual impairments in Texas on their perceptions of a set of assistive technology competencies developed for teachers of students with visual impairments by Smith and colleagues (2009). Differences in opinion between practicing teachers of students with visual impairments and Smith's group of…

  20. Teacher's Understanding, Perceptions, and Experiences of Students in Foster Care: A Forgotten Population

    Watson-Davis, Darneika

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine elementary teacher's understanding, perceptions, and experiences of working with students in foster care. The researcher examined whether teachers are informed about students in foster care, determined teacher's understanding of the foster care system, and how their students are affected. The results…

  1. Punish Them or Engage Them? Teachers' Views of Unproductive Student Behaviours in the Classroom

    Sullivan, Anna M.; Johnson, Bruce; Owens, Larry; Conway, Robert

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on a study that investigated the extent to which student behaviour is a concern for school teachers. A questionnaire was used to investigate teachers' views about student behaviour in their classes. The results suggest that low-level disruptive and disengaged student behaviours occur frequently and teachers find them…

  2. Interpersonal Interactions in Instrumental Lessons: Teacher/Student Verbal and Non-Verbal Behaviours

    Zhukov, Katie

    2013-01-01

    This study examined verbal and non-verbal teacher/student interpersonal interactions in higher education instrumental music lessons. Twenty-four lessons were videotaped and teacher/student behaviours were analysed using a researcher-designed instrument. The findings indicate predominance of student and teacher joke among the verbal behaviours with…

  3. Gender Differences in Teachers' Perceptions of Students' Temperament, Educational Competence, and Teachability

    Mullola, Sari; Ravaja, Niklas; Lipsanen, Jari; Alatupa, Saija; Hintsanen, Mirka; Jokela, Markus; Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Liisa

    2012-01-01

    Background: Student's temperament plays a significant role in teacher's perception of the student's learning style, educational competence (EC), and teachability. Hence, temperament contributes to student's academic achievement and teacher's subjective ratings of school grades. However, little is known about the effect of gender and teacher's age

  4. Impact of Teacher's Behaviour on the Academic Achievement of University Students

    Shah, Syed Shafqat Ali

    2009-01-01

    This research article discusses the impact of teacher's behaviour on the academic achievement of university students. All the teachers and students of public sector universities constituted the population. From the 15 public sector universities, 375 teachers and 1500 students from five departments were selected as a sample. Two questionnaires were…

  5. Comparisons of Teacher and Student Behaviors in Private Piano Lessons in China and the United States

    Benson, Cynthia; Fung, C. Victor

    2005-01-01

    We compared teacher behaviors, student behaviors, and student achievement in private piano instruction in the People's Republic of China and in the United States. The research questions were: (1) What were the similarities and differences in private piano lessons regarding teacher verbalizations, teacher modeling, and student behaviors? (2) Was…

  6. Control Type Identification in Student-Teacher Interaction

    Florin Sandu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is identifying the type of control for student-teacher interaction in the classroom, using a preliminary investigation based on a role-play. This research is used as a start phase in the building of a mathematical model for the student module in a future computer-assisted virtual Affective Tutoring System (ATS. An ATS is a software environment that can understand student emotions, behaviour, skills and needs, and adapt its teaching strategy for an optimal guidance of training. The control of the interaction is considered at any time on the side which is launching the questions. This controlling side is either the teacher or the student, whoever asks the other side questions about the lesson. Our research has a start point in the Control-Value Theory of psycho-pedagogy and aims to build statistical models of the control based on statistical regression for guidance of the student based on pre-lesson and post-lesson tests and for guidance of the student based on teacher actions (using techniques of conversation control. For all these kinds of control, this paper aims to propose a mathematical model based on hidden Markov models (HMM having, as a statistical base, volunteer role-play scenarios of classroom activities.

  7. Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians

    White, Ashanti

    2012-01-01

    When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

  8. The branch librarians' handbook

    Rivers, Vickie

    2004-01-01

    Libraries are integral parts of communities, and patrons have visited them in record numbers over recent years. According to the American Library Association, 64 percent of people surveyed in the United States have visited their local libraries in the past year. Branch librarians especially are striving to meet the various needs of their communities--in addition to books and Internet access, many branch libraries have videos, books on tape and CD, DVDs, and even art prints available to their patrons. This handbook covers a wide variety of issues that the branch librarian must deal with every d

  9. Teachers' and Students' Preliminary Stages in Physics Problem Solving

    Mansyur, Jusman

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the preliminary stages in physics problem-solving related to the use of external representation. This empirical study was carried out using a phenomenographic approach to analyze data from individual thinking-aloud and interviews with 8 senior high school students and 7 physics teachers. The result of this study is a set of

  10. Background Briefing for Student Teachers Going to Latin America.

    Banning, Bernadine

    A guide for student teachers planning to travel or work in Latin America contains general information about living in Latin America and profiles of Mexico and the Dominican Republic. The general information addresses these issues: travel, what to take along, culture shock, greetings, generalizations about Hispanic culture, values, given names and

  11. Public School Law: Teachers' and Students' Rights. Second Edition.

    McCarthy, Martha M.; Cambron-McCabe, Nelda H.

    To assist school personnel in understanding current application of the law, provide an awareness of rights and responsibilities, motivate educators to translate basic concepts into actual practice, and generate an interest in further study of the law, this text is presented. Legal issues involving the rights of students and teachers in daily…

  12. Intellectual Property: What Do Teachers and Students Know?

    Starkey, Louise; Corbett, Susan; Bondy, Ann; Davidson, Susan

    2010-01-01

    As society changes from an industrial to a knowledge era increasing importance and value is being placed on intellectual property rights. Technology teachers need to have pedagogical content knowledge of intellectual property if they are to incorporate it into their learning programmes to enable students to consider how to respect others'

  13. Comparison of Teacher and Student Ratings of Microcomputer Software.

    Callison, Daniel

    1989-01-01

    Reports on a program developed in Indiana public schools to hold software evaluation workshops that would compare teacher and student evaluations of the same software. The evaluation process is discussed; tutorials, drill and practice programs, simulations, and games are examined; and tests for correlation are described. (21 references) (LRW)

  14. An Idealistic View of Teaching: Teacher Students' Personal Practical Theories

    Maaranen, Katriina; Pitkäniemi, Harri; Stenberg, Katariina; Karlsson, Liisa

    2016-01-01

    Personal practical theories (PPTs) are built based on underlying beliefs, experiences, values and conceptions regarding 'good teaching'. Having a vision of teaching and valuing the work may have a strong effect on one's sense of identity, resilience and commitment. This study focused on Finnish teacher students' (N = 84) PPTs constructed during…

  15. The Effects of Students' Nonverbal Behavior on Teachers.

    Brooks, Douglas M.; Woolfolk, Anita E.

    1987-01-01

    This review presents evidence that student nonverbal behavior may be an important component in the formation of teachers' impressions, attitudes, beliefs, and reciprocal behavioral expressions. Results of the studies are considered within the research on impression formation, communication theory, and classroom activity and participation…

  16. Power in the Classroom I: Teacher and Student Perceptions.

    McCroskey, James C.; Richmond, Virginia P.

    A study was conducted to determine the degree to which teachers and students share perceptions of the use of power in the classroom. The study defined five bases of power: coercive (implied or explicit punishment), reward, legitimate (assigned), referent (identification with the person in power), and expert (perceived competence). A total of 156…

  17. Intellectual Property: What Do Teachers and Students Know?

    Starkey, Louise; Corbett, Susan; Bondy, Ann; Davidson, Susan

    2010-01-01

    As society changes from an industrial to a knowledge era increasing importance and value is being placed on intellectual property rights. Technology teachers need to have pedagogical content knowledge of intellectual property if they are to incorporate it into their learning programmes to enable students to consider how to respect others'…

  18. Teacher Views on Social Skills Development in Primary School Students

    Samanci, Osman

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present research is to survey the views of teachers regarding social skills development in primary school students. The research was carried out using the qualitative research technique. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher was used to collect data. The results show that there are four main factors that play an important role…

  19. Student Teachers' Conceptions of Teaching Biology

    Subramaniam, Karthigeyan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate prospective biology teachers' conceptions of teaching biology and identify how these conceptions revealed their strategies for helping their future students' learning of biology. The study utilized drawings, narratives and interviews to investigate the nature of the prospective

  20. Students' Attitudes on the Boundaries of Teachers' Authority

    Yariv, Eliezer

    2009-01-01

    Educators in many countries are concerned about the decline in respect for authority by young people. The current study explores how children perceive their teachers' authority, what the "boundaries" (limits) to that authority are, and under what conditions they may decide to rebel. Over 200 Israeli elementary and middle school students were asked

  1. Genetically Modified Food: Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers and Students

    Mohapatra, Animesh K.; Priyadarshini, Deepika; Biswas, Antara

    2010-01-01

    The concepts behind the technology of genetic modification of organisms and its applications are complex. A diverse range of opinions, public concern and considerable media interest accompanies the subject. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes of science teachers and senior secondary biology students about the application of a rapidly

  2. Bulldozers or Chairs? Gifted Students Describe Their Ideal Teacher.

    Lewis, Judith Forman

    1982-01-01

    Groups of students (grades 3 through 7) in the Virginia Beach Program for the Gifted and Talented participated in a series of group process activities designed to elicit and codify the characteristics they felt were essential to the successful teacher of the gifted. (SB)

  3. Lessons of Love: Psychoanalysis and Teacher-Student Love

    Cho, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    What is the relation of love and pedagogy? Two recent phenomena have called into question whether love has any place within pedagogy at all: teacher-student sexual scandal and the standardization movement. As love walks the thin line between inspiration and sex, and as standardization has assumed love to be synonymous with bias, it has become more

  4. Student and Teacher De-Motivation in SLA

    Hui Yan

    2009-01-01

    With a brief introduction of the definitions of de-motivation, this article reviews present research on student de-motivation, analyzes the teacher motivation from the macro-contexts and micro-contexts, and puts forward suggestions in getting rid of de-motivation.

  5. Fostering Resiliency in Students: Positive Action Strategies for Classroom Teachers.

    Bruce, Mary Alice

    1995-01-01

    Describes research-supported positive action strategies for teachers that will help foster resiliency in their classrooms and promote the healthy development and social competence of all students. Strategies include brainstorming, creative problem solving, goal setting, critical thinking and reflection, sensitivity to social learning, and

  6. Drinking Water Activities for Students, Teachers, and Parents.

    Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

    This guide provides teachers with materials, information, and classroom activities to enhance any drinking water curriculum. Students can use the activity sheets to further lessons and stimulate thought. Parents can use the guide to develop science projects that will provoke thought, encourage research, and provide a scientific approach to…

  7. What Are the Thinking Styles of Turkish Student Teachers?

    Fer, Seval

    2007-01-01

    Background: The Thinking Styles Inventory--developed by Sternberg and Wagner based on Sternberg's (1988, 1997) earlier theory of mental self-government--was selected for the research in order to assess thinking styles of student teachers. Another reason is that the theoretical constructs, as well as the inventory generated from the theory, have…

  8. The Role of Emotions in Student Teachers' Professional Identity

    Timostsuk, Inge; Ugaste, Aino

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents findings of a qualitative interview study of the role of emotions in the professional identity of student teachers. Strong positive and negative emotions (mostly related to pupils and supervisors) were expressed about personal teaching experiences. The results confirm that emotions play an important role in social learning and,…

  9. Textbook Addiction Treatment: A Move towards Teacher and Student Autonomy

    Sarsar, Nasreddine Mohamed

    2008-01-01

    It is known for a fact that textbooks are widely used in today's classrooms. Admittedly, textbooks may have some advantages in the sense that they provide the framework for any educational course. However, exclusively depending on them may restrict both teacher and student autonomy. Textbooks have been criticized for promoting rote instead of…

  10. The Role of Emotions in Student Teachers' Professional Identity

    Timostsuk, Inge; Ugaste, Aino

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents findings of a qualitative interview study of the role of emotions in the professional identity of student teachers. Strong positive and negative emotions (mostly related to pupils and supervisors) were expressed about personal teaching experiences. The results confirm that emotions play an important role in social learning and,

  11. LOL Teacher! Using Humor to Enhance Student Learning

    Terrell, Shelly

    2015-01-01

    Laughing with students can help them connect on a deeper level with the teacher and the learning. This article offers the following four strategies to incorporate humor into teaching: (1) Integrate humorous bits to boost engagement; (2) Choose humorous materials; (3) Create interest with humorous web tools and apps; and (4) Teach with silly

  12. Genetically Modified Food: Knowledge and Attitude of Teachers and Students

    Mohapatra, Animesh K.; Priyadarshini, Deepika; Biswas, Antara

    2010-01-01

    The concepts behind the technology of genetic modification of organisms and its applications are complex. A diverse range of opinions, public concern and considerable media interest accompanies the subject. This study explores the knowledge and attitudes of science teachers and senior secondary biology students about the application of a rapidly…

  13. The Relationship between Teacher Cultural Competency and Student Engagement

    Robinson, Erin Nicole

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study investigated teachers' cultural competency and their students' engagement within international high schools located in Hong Kong. Cultural competency is defined as a combination of knowledge about cultural groups as well as attitudes towards and skills for dealing with cultural diversity (Betancourt, 2003). The

  14. Lessons of Love: Psychoanalysis and Teacher-Student Love

    Cho, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    What is the relation of love and pedagogy? Two recent phenomena have called into question whether love has any place within pedagogy at all: teacher-student sexual scandal and the standardization movement. As love walks the thin line between inspiration and sex, and as standardization has assumed love to be synonymous with bias, it has become more…

  15. Child Abuse and Neglect: Training Needs of Student Teachers

    McKee, Bronagh E.; Dillenburger, Karola

    2009-01-01

    Increasing awareness of child abuse and neglect (CAN) raises questions about how well teachers are prepared for their role in child protection. This paper assesses and differentiates training needs of first-year students (n = 216) in Northern Ireland. Multiple-choice tests were used to assess knowledge of CAN statistics; recognising and reporting;…

  16. Learning Journeys: Student Teacher Stories of Professional Formation

    Tedder, Michael; Lawy, Robert

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe findings from a research project in the South West of England that enquired into the impact of the changing requirements of programmes leading to teaching qualifications in the FE sector. We utilise the metaphor of "learning journey" as a heuristic to discuss the professional formation of student teachers in

  17. Controversial Issues: Identifying the Concerns and Priorities of Student Teachers

    Woolley, Richard

    2011-01-01

    The theoretical framework of this article considers the significant place of education in the socialisation and enculturation of children. This requires that student teachers develop critical pedagogies as a means of promoting equity, pupil voice and democratic structures in schools. Key to this is Cole's concept of "isms" and "phobias", and the…

  18. Student Teachers' Conceptions of Teaching Biology

    Subramaniam, Karthigeyan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate prospective biology teachers' conceptions of teaching biology and identify how these conceptions revealed their strategies for helping their future students' learning of biology. The study utilized drawings, narratives and interviews to investigate the nature of the prospective…

  19. Changing Student Teachers' Attitudes towards Disability and Inclusion

    Campbell, Jennifer; Gilmore, Linda; Cuskelly, Monica

    2003-01-01

    A total of 274 preservice teacher education students were surveyed at the beginning and end of a one-semester unit on Human Development and Education which combined formal instruction with structured fieldwork experiences. The latter included interviewing community members regarding their knowledge of Down syndrome and opinions on inclusive…

  20. Self-Talk of Student Teachers and Resulting Relationships.

    Payne, Beverly D.; Manning, Brenda H.

    1991-01-01

    Study determined whether student teachers' self-talk differentially related to personality characteristics of locus of control and self-esteem. Subjects (n=69) recorded self-talk and completed personality assessments. They mainly engaged in negative, child-oriented, external self-talk. Those with high self-esteem and internal locus of control used…