Sample records for students teachers librarians

  1. Engaging Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in the School Library: A Handbook for Teacher-Librarians (United States)

    Eisner, Nadene


    Over seventy percent of students who are deaf or hard of hearing will attend a public school and enroll in a classroom with their hearing peers or in a self-contained classroom with other deaf and hard of hearing students. Teacher-librarians who work in these schools can improve their instruction by understanding not only what it means to be…

  2. Becoming Teacher-Librarian 2.0

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    Anita Mary Brooks Kirkland


    Full Text Available This article discusses the place of Web 2.0 social software in the school library program. It examines the potential of this technology for enhancing teaching and learning, and the implications for students' information literacy. The article suggests ways for teacher-librarians to engage in professional learning to increase their knowledge of this evolving field.

  3. Academic achievement and/or educational attainment : the role of teacher librarians in students’ future: main findings of a research in Portugal


    Novo, Ana; Calixto, José António


    This paper aims at analysing 20 teacher librarians definitions’ of academic achievement and educational attainment targeting their students’ preparation for the future. Reflection is also done on how these teacher librarians see their roles and specific qualifications in relation with those concepts. This research work, belonging to a PhD program, is focused on School Libraries of Portuguese public elementary integrated schools, which were in the school libraries network till 2005. This r...

  4. Fully Loaded: Outfitting a Teacher Librarian for the 21st Century. Here's What It Takes (United States)

    Valenza, Joyce Kasman


    Like many teacher librarians, this author is often blessed with the opportunity to mentor preservice teacher librarians. There are "apps" she would like to "load" onto every student teacher-librarian's "screen," if he or she is to have true credibility in leading a school through an information and communication landscape that is continually in…

  5. The personal librarian enhancing the student experience

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    Moniz, Richard


    Enter the Personal Librarian, a flexible concept that focuses on customizing information literacy by establishing a one-on-one relationship between librarian and student from enrollment through graduation

  6. Expert Systems: An Overview for Teacher-Librarians. (United States)

    Orwig, Gary; Barron, Ann


    Provides an overview of expert systems for teacher librarians. Highlights include artificial intelligence and expert systems; the development of the MYCIN medical expert system; rule-based expert systems; the use of expert system shells to develop a specific system; and how to select an appropriate application for an expert system. (11 references)…

  7. The Development of Teacher and Teacher-Librarian Collaboration Scale and the Examination Structures of Collaboration Models

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    Hai-Hon Chen


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was twofold. The first purpose was to construct the Collaboration Scale for primary and secondary school teacher and teacher-librarian of Taiwan. Teachers and teacher-librarians were selected from five municipals in the south of Taiwan. Fifty-nine teacher-librarians, 76 teachers and 2 principals from 60 primary and secondary schools participated in this study for the testing of scale quality. Results indicated as follows: 1. The Collaboration Scale consisted of 22 items, divided into three factors, which were integrated instruction, teacher-librarian as resource, and traditional role of teacher-librarian. 2. The Collaboration Scale had reasonable coefficient of internal consistency reliability and content validity. 3. Exploratory factor analysis showed that The Collaboration Scale had acceptable construct validity. Three factors explained variance 60.23%and had high correlations of the Collaboration Scale separately. The second purpose was to examine the facets of teacher and teacher-librarians collaboration. Results indicated that teacher and teacher-librarians had low-end collaboration, most of the cooperation existed in teacher-librarians provided materials or resources for the teachers; high-end collaboration, integrated instruction appear to be less prevalent among participants in this study.

  8. The Effect of Professional Development on Teacher and Librarian Collaboration: Preliminary Findings Using a Revised Instrument, TLC-III (United States)

    Montiel-Overall, Patricia; Hernandez, Anthony C. R.


    This study describes preliminary results of a study with elementary school teachers and librarians. Professional-development intervention workshops were conducted to improve teacher and school librarian collaboration to integrate library and subject content. A revised 24-item teacher and school librarian collaboration instrument (TLC-III) was used…

  9. Faculty and Librarians Unite! How Two Librarians and One Faculty Member Developed an Information Literacy Strategy for Distance Education Students (United States)

    Easter, Jennifer; Bailey, Sharon; Klages, Gregory


    Librarians know that collaboration with faculty is crucial when developing effective information literacy initiatives. Our case study, based on the ADDIE model of instructional design, set out to determine if a collaborative approach between faculty and librarians could effectively support students in a distance education course. Set in a small…

  10. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development


    Joyce Yukawa; Harada, Violet H.


    Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term ...

  11. Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.

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    Virginia Wilson


    Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for n

  12. UMAP: An International Educational Exchange for Teacher-Librarians. (United States)

    Hallein, Joe; Edwards, Philip


    Provides a description of an Australian government-funded University Mobility in Asia and the Pacific Project (UMAP) which allowed five Australian teacher-librarianship students from Monash University to spend a semester in Thailand. The project also promoted exchanges between Thai and Australian academics and will add to the internationalization…

  13. The Leadership Role of the Teacher Librarian in Technology Integration: Early Results of a Survey of Highly Certified Teacher Librarians in the United States (United States)

    Everhart, Nancy; Mardis, Marcia A.; Johnston, Melissa


    In 2008, the United States' Institute for Museum and Library Services funded Project Leadership-in-Action (LIA) that included surveys of the technology integration practices of teacher librarian leaders with National Board Certification. Preliminary 2009 survey results suggested that the 295 respondents worked in well-resourced libraries with…

  14. National Survey of Internet Usage: Teachers, Computer Coordinators, and School Librarians, Grades 3-12. (United States)

    Market Data Retrieval, Inc., Shelton, CT.

    A study was conducted to assess the number and type of schools and educators who use the Internet/World Wide Web. The national survey was conducted in November and December of 1996, and included 6,000 teachers, computer coordinators, and school librarians currently working in grades 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. At the elementary level, classroom teachers

  15. Looking toward the Future: Competences for 21st-Century Teacher-Librarians (United States)

    de Groot, Joanne; Branch, Jennifer L.


    What are the core competences required by teacher-librarians for developing exemplary school library programs in 21st-century schools? This article reports on a study that explored the experiences and attitudes of graduates from the Teacher Librarianship by Distance Learning program at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Key findings from this…

  16. Teachers-Librarian Collaboration in Building the Curriculum for an IB World School: A Case Study (United States)

    Bhargava, Madhu


    Many schools are in the transition stage from passive learning environments into active ones. Teachers, librarians and administrators are forced to rethink the curriculum in terms of content and teaching methodology because of advancement of technology and competitions. The paper will demonstrate the need of collaborative work of…

  17. Rethinking Roles: Librarians and Faculty Collaborate to Develop Students’ Information Literacy


    Diane VanderPol; Swanson Westminster College United States, Emily A. B.


    Librarians at Westminster College developed and implemented a yearlong faculty and staff professional development experience using ACRL’s “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education” as a framework. Traditionally, fostering student mastery of selected standards is perceived as the librarians’ job while other standards are thought to fall primarily under the purview of the teaching faculty. In particular, librarians are hesitant to address some of the more complex l...

  18. The librarian's role in an enrichment program for high school students interested in the health professions. (United States)

    Rossini, Beverly; Burnham, Judy; Wright, Andrea


    Librarians from the University of South Alabama Biomedical Library partnered to participate in a program that targets minority students interested in health care with instruction in information literacy. Librarians participate in the summer enrichment programs designed to encourage minority students to enter health care professions by enhancing their preparation. The curriculum developed by the Biomedical Library librarians is focused on developing information searching skills. Students indicated that the library segment helped them in their library research efforts and helped them make more effective use of available resources. Librarians involved report a sense of self-satisfaction as the program allows them to contribute to promoting greater diversity in health care professions. Participating in the summer enrichment program has been beneficial to the students and librarians. PMID:23394421

  19. Middle East Materials for Teachers, Students, Non-Specialists. (United States)

    Jones, Catherine E., Ed.

    This annotated bibliography is intended for teachers, students, school librarians, and others as an aid in selecting materials to support teaching about the Middle East. Eleven chapters cover: (1) "Reference and General Works"; (2) "Physical Geography"; (3) "Folktales, Literature, Fiction"; (4) "Religion"; (5) "Peoples and Cultures"; (6) "History…

  20. The Librarian as Teacher: Instructing the Next Generation of Information-Literate Scientists at Case Western Reserve University (United States)

    Claspy, William P.

    Scientists have nearly unlimited access to research directly at their desktops. Troubling to us as librarians is the scientist's ability (or inability!) to effectively access this information. The University Library at CWRU, like most academic libraries, has been faced with declining gate counts and reference transactions. In order to ensure that our students will know how to use the digital materials that we make available to them, we have implemented a primary initiative to increase our teaching role on campus. We aim to create an information-literate community that knows how to navigate the new digital library. Library instruction to academic departments in the physical sciences is an unusual mix, but one that we have had success with at CWRU. In order to reach this group of information seekers, we have had success by using the following methods to reach our community: 1. Partnering with other constituencies on campus 2. Creating new ways to provide instruction 3. Assessment of teaching tools and student learning By taking the library and our instruction to the physical sciences community, we are in the process of creating information-literate students who will be more successful as graduate students and researchers in the future. With this program, our role has changed from traditional librarian to teacher.

  1. Beyond the Stacks: How Librarians Support Students and Schools (United States)

    Freeman, Joanna


    There are many different job titles for this position around the country: school librarian, library media specialist, information technology specialist, research technology specialist, and library media coordinator. The position has changed from primarily a traditional librarian position to a balance of teaching and librarianship, and it's…

  2. [Students as teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, A.; Ringsted, C.


    The concept of near-peer teaching is reviewed in this article. Theories of learning support the rationale for using students as teachers by explaining how near-peers as opposed to experts may have a superior understanding of the needs of the taught students and a better basis for identifying and addressing their problems. Empirical studies support these theories and show that high levels of satisfaction are associated with near-peer teaching without compromising the learning outcome. In addition, student teachers achieve a substantial learning benefit from teaching. Much more research is needed into the pros and cons of this concept Udgivelsesdato: 2008/10/27

  3. [Students as teachers]. (United States)

    Gustafsson, Amandus; Ringsted, Charlotte


    The concept of near-peer teaching is reviewed in this article. Theories of learning support the rationale for using students as teachers by explaining how near-peers as opposed to experts may have a superior understanding of the needs of the taught students and a better basis for identifying and addressing their problems. Empirical studies support these theories and show that high levels of satisfaction are associated with near-peer teaching without compromising the learning outcome. In addition, student teachers achieve a substantial learning benefit from teaching. Much more research is needed into the pros and cons of this concept. PMID:18976611

  4. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development

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    Joyce Yukawa


    Full Text Available Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term results of participation in this initiative.Methods – The authors used an interpretive, participative approach. The first author was the external reviewer for the project; the second author headed the development team and served as a participant-observer. Triangulated data were collected from participants in the form of learning logs, discussion board postings, interviews, questionnaires, and learning portfolios consisting of unit and lesson plans and student work samples with critiques. Data were also collected from the professional development designers in the form of meeting notes, responses to participants, interviews, and course documents. For two years following the end of the formal course, the authors also conducted follow-up email correspondence with all teams and site visits with six teams to determine sustained or expanded implementation of inquiry-focused, collaborative curriculum development. Results – The practice-based approach to professional development required continual modification of the course design and timely, individualized mentoring and feedback, based on analysis and co-reflection by the developers on the evidence gathered through participant logs, reports, and school site visits. Modeling the inquiry process in their own course development work and making this process transparent to the participating community were essential to improvement. Course participants reported beneficial results in both immediate and long-term changes in practice. The summative evaluation identified significant changes in practice in three areas: (1 the design of inquiry-focused learning, (2 the roles of the teacher and librarian in collaborative development of instruction, and (3 the impact on student performance. Two years after the yearlong professional development course, most participants indicated that they continued to incorporate inquiry-based approaches, and over half of the participants were involving other colleagues at their schools in inquiry-focused practices. Six of the librarians assumed major curricular roles in their respective schools. Conclusion – The practice-based model of professional development appears to be effective and sustainable. It has been tested and modified by other development teams in the last two years. More extensive use of the model in other contexts with further testing and refinement by other developers is needed to ensure that the model is robust and widely applicable.

  5. Nursing Faculty Collaborate with Embedded Librarians to Serve Online Graduate Students in a Consortium Setting (United States)

    Guillot, Ladonna; Stahr, Beth; Meeker, Bonnie Juve'


    Nursing and library faculty face many information literacy challenges when graduate nursing programs migrate to online course delivery. The authors describe a collaborative model for providing cost-effective online library services to new graduate students in a three-university consortium. The embedded librarian service links a health sciences…

  6. Improving Social Work Students' Information Literacy Skills: A Faculty and Librarian Collaboration (United States)

    Johnson, O. J.; Whitfield, J. S.; Grohe, B.


    The authors present a case study examining a university library initiative intended to increase students' information literacy through effective collaboration with teaching faculty--specifically, the collaboration between an academic librarian and a social work professor. The professor participated in the information literacy initiative and…

  7. College Students' Attributions of Teacher Misbehaviors (United States)

    Kelsey, Dawn M.; Kearney, Patricia; Plax, Timothy G.; Allen, Terre H.; Ritter, Kerry J.


    Grounded in attribution theory, this investigation examined explanations students provide when college teachers misbehave, and the influence of perceived teacher immediacy shaping those interpretations. Across two different samples, college students responded to questionnaires assessing perceptions of their teachers' immediacy, teacher

  8. Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003: 67?88. 24 May 2007

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    Gayle Bogel


    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Likert style, and open?ended responses.Setting – Twelfth?grade students from four high schools in one district in Nova Scotia. Total participants: 198.Subjects – Questionnaires were analyzed from 243 general practitioners, practice nurses, and practice managers in four Nottingham primary care trusts as well as practices in the Rotherham Health Authority area.Methods – Four research questions guided this study: 1. What strategies and techniques do students use that are helpful for information?seeking on the Internet? 2. What knowledge do students have of the different World Wide Web search engines? 3. How do students perceive their ability to locate information for school purposes on the Internet? 4. How do students learn how to seek information on the Internet for school related assignments? The survey was developed through a literature review of previous research. Each survey item reflected a theme and one of the four research questions. The survey was field tested in a pilot study with two twelfth?grade students, and two twelfth grade English classes.The sample was assembled by asking principals at the four schools to identify two classes in each of their schools that represented mixed academic abilities. Three schools chose English classes, and one school chose math classes participate in the study. All students had agreed to be a part of the study and only students present in class on the day the questionnaire was given were represented. No effort was made to include students who were absent. Results were tabulated as percentages of responses, and presented in tables related to the themes of the four research questions.Main results – Throughout the study, students reported very few strategies for effective Internet searching. They cited friends and family members rather than teachers as their main sources for support, and reported self?taught trial and error as the most common method of learning search strategies. Despite their lack of effectiveness, most students considered themselves “good” or “very good” at finding the information they need for school purposes. Most of the students used very few of the strategies associated with effective searching that have been stated in prior research studies.• Research Question One: Use of Strategies and Techniques for Information?Seeking on the Internet Only 15% of students used Boolean operators regularly. Over 70% of students did not know how to eliminate commercial sites, use particular features, limit searches to recently updatedp ages or limit searches to the title section of a Web page.• Research Question Two: Knowledge of World Wide Web Search Engines. Google was the overwhelming choice, with 66.7% percent of students reporting that they used it regularly. Other search engines were used from 0 to 22%.• Research Question Three: Students’ Perception of Their Information?Seeking Ability on the Internet 81.3 % of students reported their abilities as good or very good. Only 5% felt their abilities were poor.• Research Question Four: How Students Learn What They Know About Information?Seeking on the Internet 72.7% reported self?teaching strategies. 39.8% relied on friends or classmates, 36.8 % relied on teachers. 2.5% reported librarians as a source Of the students who reported self?teaching,53% used trial and error, 6.6% used help screens and 4% searched for assistance. 80.8% of students who reported teachers as a source for learning information strategie swere taught in computer?related classes, rather than in content ar

  9. Characteristics of Outstanding Student Teachers (United States)

    Eldar, Eitan; Talmor, Rachel


    This paper describes the characteristics of student teachers who were evaluated as outstanding during their teacher education studies. Outstanding students were selected after 2 years of field experiences based on their teaching abilities and academic achievements. Data were collected at three points of time: before they commenced their studies at…

  10. How "Difficult Students" Shaped a Teacher's Practice (United States)

    Roe, Christopher J.


    Every teacher has had at least one student who has given him or her pause to wonder why he or she became a teacher. These students challenge the way teachers teach, question the content of the teachers' instruction, and stretch the teachers' abilities to maintain self-control in front of classes. In the face of these challenges, teachers continue…

  11. Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Motivation and Learning through the Use in Schools of Multimedia Encyclopedias on CD-ROM. (United States)

    Wishart, Jocelyn


    Reports results of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight United Kingdom secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopedias on CD-ROM. Focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how access to multimedia encyclopedias changes the way students learn, and how they perceive it affects their learning.…

  12. Collaborating with Librarians to Keep Students Focused on Standards (United States)

    Fenn, Jane P.; Furness, Irene


    This article describes how school libraries can support a rewarding collaborative effort with the school's physical education teachers by offering reading materials such as commercially available sports information packets, fiction and nonfiction books, Web sites, and magazine or newspaper articles available in hard copy or online. Such a program…

  13. Mobile Technologies & Academics: Do Students Use Mobile Technologies in Their Academic Lives and are Librarians Ready to Meet this Challenge?


    Dresselhaus, Angela; Shrode, Flora Utah State University


    In this paper we report on two surveys and offer an introductory plan that librarians may use to begin implementing mobile access to selected library databases and services. Results from the first survey helped us to gain insight into where students at Utah State University (USU) in Logan, Utah, stand regarding their use of mobile devices for academic activities in general and their desire for access to library services and resources in particular. A second survey, conducted with librarians, ...

  14. The Little Things Cooperating Teachers Want from Student Teachers (United States)

    Barney, David; Hughes, Patricia Paulsen


    The purpose of this article is to help better prepare pre-service/student teachers for the little things they should do during their student teaching experience, while at the same time give those who work with pre-service and student teachers (PETE faculty) a reminder of little things they can emphasize to help prepare students for the student

  15. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement

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    Linda Darling-Hammond


    Full Text Available Using data from a 50-state survey of policies, state case study analyses, the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP, this study examines the ways in which teacher qualifications and other school inputs are related to student achievement across states. The findings of both the qualitative and quantitative analyses suggest that policy investments in the quality of teachers may be related to improvements in student performance. Quantitative analyses indicate that measures of teacher preparation and certification are by far the strongest correlates of student achievement in reading and mathematics, both before and after controlling for student poverty and language status. State policy surveys and case study data are used to evaluate policies that influence the overall level of teacher qualifications within and across states. This analysis suggests that policies adopted by states regarding teacher education, licensing, hiring, and professional development may make an important difference in the qualifications and capacities that teachers bring to their work. The implications for state efforts to enhance quality and equity in public education are discussed.

  16. Student to Teacher


    Sheila Spence


    Teacher preparation cast in Heidegger’s terms is “present-at-hand” (potentially useful) until interrogation makes it ready-to-hand (actually useable). What authentic questions prompt teaching to become ready-to-hand for the beginning teacher? How might we show that the essential particularity for phronesis (knowledge as practical wisdom) resides in teaching other Beings who are not just present or ready for us, but are creating the very world in which we encounter within the classroom? The st...

  17. When Students Hit the Surf: What Kids Really Do on the Internet. And What They Want from Librarians. (United States)

    Lubans, John, Jr.


    Presents findings from surveys of 226 7th- to 10th-graders who spent the 1998 summer at Duke University. Results are discussed as answers to questions: What do students really do online? How much do they use the Web? How do they find things? How do they judge sites? What do students want from librarians? (AEF)

  18. The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.

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    Julie McKenna


    Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students thems

  19. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy


    Bridges, Laurie M.


    Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This articl...

  20. Teacher Candidates’ (Pedagogical Formation Students’) Communication Skills


    Süleyman Göksoy


    The purpose of this study is to identify pedagogical formation students’ (teacher candidates’) communication skills based on their perceptions. The study sought answers to the following research question: What are the perceptions of pedagogical formation students (teacher candidates) related to their communication skills? Assessment of pedagogical formation students’ (teacher candidates’) perceptions regarding their communication skills was undertaken through qu...

  1. Teacher Motivation Strategies, Student Perceptions, Student Motivation, and English Achievement (United States)

    Bernaus, Merce; Gardner, Robert C.


    This study investigated language teaching strategies, as reported by teachers and students, and the effects of these strategies on students' motivation and English achievement. The participants consisted of 31 English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers and their students (N = 694) in Catalonia, Spain. The teachers and students rated the…

  2. Hostesses of Literacy: Librarians, Writing Teachers, Writing Centers, and a Historical Quest for Ethos. (United States)

    Rohan, Liz


    Critiques and advances an understanding for a method of establishing ethos-- promoting one's field by distinguishing it from work associated with women. Provides some reasons why this might have been important to women librarians and argues how this process applies to particular exigencies in the contemporary fields of library science and of…

  3. Teacher Librarians: Canaries in the Mines of the Public Culture Crisis. What Is at Stake in the Technological Transformation of Our Schools and Libraries? (United States)

    Menzies, Heather


    The ongoing restructuring of a mobile, global, digital, postindustrial economy and the consequent trend toward commodified information present challenges to teacher librarians: emphasizing education as engaged learning, recognizing overextension, emphasizing unmeasurable spiritual and cultural values, using ecological or social-bonding models of…

  4. Relationship of Students’ Perceptions about Teacher’s Personality with Academic Achievement of Students


    Aziz Ahmad Tahir and Ahmad Farooq Shah


    This paper is based on a Ph. D research aimed at exploring the relationship of teacher’s personality as perceived by the students with students’ academic achievement. The major objective of study was to measure the perceptions of students about five dimensions of their teachers’ personality (i.e. Extroversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to Experience), and to identify the relationship between these five dimensions of teacher’s personality and students?...

  5. Emotional Identification with Teacher Identities in Student Teachers' Narrative Interaction (United States)

    Karlsson, Marie


    The paper suggests that narrative interaction in student teacher peer groups is an important context for emotional identification with culturally available teacher identities. It addresses issues pointed out as problematic in research on teacher identity formation: focus on the individual and the underestimation of context. A positioning analysis…

  6. Teachers Know Best: Making Data Work for Teachers and Students (United States)

    Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015


    As part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's broader efforts to improve educational opportunities for all students, the "Teachers Know Best" research project seeks to encourage innovation in K-12 education by helping product developers and those who procure resources for teachers better understand teachers' views. The original…

  7. Hardly Rocket Science: Collaboration with Math and Science Teachers Doesn't Need to Be Complicated (United States)

    Minkel, Walter


    While librarians routinely collaborate with reading and humanities teachers, they rarely partner with teachers of math and science--to the loss of students. With the current emphasis on standardized testing and declining student performance in math and science, media specialists need to remedy this situation. Why don't librarians click with…

  8. Teacher Feedback and Student Academic Achievement: Teacher Use of Student Information Systems (United States)

    Bishop, Daniel J.


    In an era of professional standards for educators and teacher evaluations linked to measures of student achievement, researchers use data from student information systems to address research questions linking teacher feedback to student achievement. A quantitative study of teacher use of the Skyward student information system (SIS) was conducted…

  9. Key Experiences in Student Teachers' Development (United States)

    Meijer, Paulien C.; de Graaf, Gitta; Meirink, Jacobiene


    This study focuses on the question of why student teachers stay in teaching even after a profound "practice shock," i.e., a shock that in itself seems to characterize the complex and emotionally challenging first year of student teaching. Using a line drawing technique, the study investigates student teachers' views of their first year of teaching…

  10. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships in Indonesian Lower Secondary Education: Teacher and Student Perceptions (United States)

    Maulana, R.; Opdenakker, M. C. J. L.; den Brok, P.; Bosker, R. J.


    This study investigated firstly the reliability and validity of an Indonesian version of the "Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction" (QTI). Second, perceptions of Indonesian secondary school teachers' interpersonal behaviour as perceived by students and teachers were studied with the QTI. Third, differences between students' and teachers'…

  11. Characteristics of Effective Teachers of Gifted Students: Teacher Background and Personality Styles of Students (United States)

    Mills, Carol J.


    This study was designed to explore characteristics of exceptional teachers of gifted students. Participants included 63 teachers and 1,247 highly able students. Teachers responded to 2 measures: a background questionnaire and the Myers Briggs Type Inventory (MBTI), a self-report personality inventory. Students also completed the MBTI. In response…

  12. Chief Information Officer: Schools Need Qualified Librarians To Manage the Accelerating Crush of Knowledge and Technology, Says Library Guru Mike Eisenberg. Interview. (United States)

    Eisenberg, Mike; Barton, Rhonda


    In this interview, a leading expert in school librarianship discusses the school librarian's role in creating students who are effective users of information. The importance of information technology to information management is described, as are strategies librarians can use to collaborate with teachers and administrators. He describes how…

  13. A Quick Guide for Inclusion Teachers of LD Students (United States)

    Kathryn Scarborough

    Budget cuts are putting more learning disabled students into mainstream classes. Even if a teacher’s aid is present for support, general education teachers should know as much as possible about each student’s strengths, challenges, and needs.

  14. The impact of teacher subject knowledge on student achievement: Evidence from within-teacher within-student variation


    Metzler, Johannes; Woessmann, Ludger


    Teachers differ greatly in how much they teach their students, but little is known about which teacher attributes account for this. We estimate the causal effect of teacher subject knowledge on student achievement using within-teacher within-student variation, exploiting a unique Peruvian 6th-grade dataset that tested both students and their teachers in two subjects. We circumvent omitted-variable and selection biases using student and teacher fixed effects and observing teachers teaching bot...

  15. Classroom Interactions: Teachers' and Students' Perceptions (United States)

    Poulou, Maria S.


    It is acknowledged that perceptions of self and others play a fundamental role in the effectiveness of social interactions (Rose-Krasnor, 1997). This is particularly true in elementary schools where teachers interact six hours a day with students. What accounts for poor teacher-student relationships and the breakdown of teaching and learning is a…

  16. Encouraging Student Teachers via Electronic Mail. (United States)

    Thornton, Linda H.

    This study examined whether sending frequent encouraging electronic mail (e-mail) messages to elementary and special education student teachers would improve their teaching skills and performance on the Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching examination. In 2001, 43 elementary and special education student teachers enrolled in a…

  17. Teacher Expectations of the Communication Apprehensive Student. (United States)

    Schaller, Kristi A.; Comadena, Mark E.

    Previous studies have revealed that the correlation between communication apprehension (CA) and academic achievement may be significantly different for male and female elementary school students. A study investigated the effects of CA, sex of student, and three teacher characteristics on teacher expectations of academic achievement. Subjects, 221…

  18. Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge of Students


    Hülya K?l?ç


    The aim of this paper is to present the nature of preservice secondary mathematics teachers’ knowledge of students as emerged from a study investigating the development of their pedagogical content knowledge in a methods course and its associated field experience. Six preservice teachers participated in the study and the data were collected in the forms of observations, interviews and written documents. Knowledge of students is defined as teachers’ knowledge of what mathematical concepts ...

  19. Teacher Certification Among Athletic Training Students


    Curtis, Neil


    Researchers have reported that athletic training students who earn teacher certification enhance their job marketability. The purpose of this study was to determine the number of athletic training students who pursue teacher certification. A survey was mailed to the directors of the 78 NATA undergraduate programs in 1992. Data from the returned surveys showed that 177 of the 703 expected graduates in 1992 and 148 of the 640 graduates in 1991 pursued teacher certification. The most common teac...

  20. Student Teachers' Approaches to Teaching Biological Evolution (United States)

    Borgerding, Lisa A.; Klein, Vanessa A.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Eibel, Albert


    Evolution is fundamental to biology and scientific literacy, but teaching high school evolution is often difficult. Evolution teachers face several challenges including limited content knowledge, personal conflicts with evolution, expectations of resistance, concerns about students' conflicts with religion, and curricular constraints. Evolution teaching can be particularly challenging for student teachers who are just beginning to gain pedagogical knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge related to evolution teaching and who seek approval from university supervisors and cooperating teachers. Science teacher educators need to know how to best support student teachers as they broach the sometimes daunting task of teaching evolution within student teaching placements. This multiple case study report documents how three student teachers approached evolution instruction and what influenced their approaches. Data sources included student teacher interviews, field note observations for 4-5 days of evolution instruction, and evolution instructional artifacts. Data were analyzed using grounded theory approaches to develop individual cases and a cross-case analysis. Seven influences (state exams and standards, cooperating teacher, ideas about teaching and learning, concerns about evolution controversy, personal commitment to evolution, knowledge and preparation for teaching evolution, and own evolution learning experiences) were identified and compared across cases. Implications for science teacher preparation and future research are provided.

  1. Factors influencing trust of teachers among students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurnianingsih, Sri


    Full Text Available In Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantoro is one of the most respected scholars in education philosophy. He stated the importance of trust earned by teachers in guiding students in their learning activities. The teacher, as the leader in the class, needs to develop mutual trust between students and teachers. Trust to teachers is strongly required by students as a foundation in developing and expanding their relationship and also social network. It is also the fundamental element in their desire to pursue higher education, for it is only through a sense of trust that student will embrace an empowering sense of freedom and pursuit the knowledge. The exercise of this freedom requires a risk on behalf of students based on the trust of their teachers and the learning experience that they provide. If students trust their teachers, they will be more able to focus on the task at hand and to work and learn more effectively. A total number of 291 senior high school students in Yogyakarta (males=147, females=144 completed an open-ended questionnaire developed for this study that asks how much they trust their teachers and the reason why they trust their teachers. The data was analyzed using indigenous psychological approach of analyzing the content of open-ended responses, categorization of the responses and cross-tabulating with demographic/background information. Results indicated that 63% of participants stated that they trusted their teachers. The main reason for trusting their teachers are as follows: they are perceived as being similar to their parents, teachers’ ability in transferring knowledge, the relationship with teacher, and their abilities of guiding students. The study concluded that trust of senior high school students was established because of views that teachers are parents that have competence in delivering knowledge and are formally established as teachers. Therefore a teacher’s behavior that similarly represents a parent’s behavior at home will produce a child’s trust and this will become the foundation for the students to learn better.

  2. Training Needs of School Librarians in India

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    C.K. Ramaiah,


    Full Text Available In India situation of schools, school libraries, and school librarians is in a poor condition as compared to other advanced countries in the world. Most of the schools do not have libraries, and wherever libraries are available, the properly trained manpower is not available to manage those libraries. There are many reasons for this problem including budget, space, resources, manpower, lack of national policies, and standards. One of the problems is lack of proper training to school librarians in Indian library school. The paper reviews the need for school library, UNESCO manifestation of school library, national and international scenarios, school library standards & guidelines, roles, and responsibility of school librarians, and impact of school libraries on students, and teachers. The school library plays an important role on the overall development of the students to transform them into knowledgeable persons. Their reading skills, information seeking skills, and the knowledge about the library resources can be improved due to the school library and the school librarian. So, the need for professionally trained manpower to man these libraries is also discussed.

  3. Student Teacher Inquiry as an "Entry Point" for Advocacy (United States)

    Merino, Barbara J.; Holmes, Pauline


    Much has been written about the value of teacher research for inservice teachers. Despite the existence of several studies affirming these words, studies that richly describe how student teachers learn to do teacher research and then investigate the impact of inquiry on student teachers and teacher educators, particularly in culturally and…

  4. Teachers’ oral presentation from students’ perspective

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    Radovi? Vera Ž.


    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of a study of the opinion of fourth- and eighth-grade primary school students (N=880 on the characteristics of teachers’ oral presentation. The main goal is to take into account students’ opinion in the new didactic grounding of the monologue teaching method. This implies appreciation of the proven values of applying the monologue method in teaching and its adaptation to suit the needs of modern teaching, first of all, the needs of students. In this context, we think that the perception of the monologue method from students’ perspective is very significant in assessing the limitations and the possibilities of its application incurrent conditions. Students described the characteristics of teachers’ oral presentation that they liked best and least and provided suggestions on methods of enhancing the oral presentation of teachers. Students gave the most positive assessments to oral presentations that were clear from the linguistic, logical and the didactic and methodological aspects. On the other hand, the majority of students’ negative comments were related to inadequate behavior of some teachers as speakers and to “incomprehensible oral presentation”. The results show that students gave very clear and specific statements on the positive and negative characteristics of teachers’ oral presentation, which, in the given didactic context, can be very indicative for the enhancement of this teaching element both for teachers and the didactic experts.

  5. Introducing Dialogic Teaching to Science Student Teachers


    Lehesvuori, Sami; Viiri, Jouni; Rasku-puttonen, Helena


    It is commonly believed that science teachers rely on language that allows only minor flexibility when it comes to taking into account contrasting views and pupil thoughts. Too frequently science teachers either pose questions that target predefined answers or simply lecture through lessons, a major concern from a sociocultural perspective. This study reports the experiences of science student teachers when introduced to the Communicative Approach to science education drawing on dialogic teac...

  6. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy

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    Laurie M. Bridges


    Full Text Available Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This article discusses the development and instruction of a freshmen orientation course at Oregon State University titled Social Media: A Life Lived Online.



    Nihta V F Liando


    his paper discusses the perspectives of students and teachers in a university setting about best teacher characteristics. This is viewed through the perspectives of students and teachers regarding their perceptions of qualities of English teachers, and teachers’ immediacy behavior – verbal or non-verbal - as predictors of student academic motivation. In this study, 126 students and 28 teachers in the English department at State University of Manado, Indonesia were involved. From the quest...

  8. Student Teachers' Perceptions towards Teaching Practice Assessment (United States)

    Chireshe, R.; Chireshe, E.


    The study investigated the perceptions of student teachers towards teaching practice assessment. Participants N=180:90 males, 90 females were randomly drawn from three primary school teachers' colleges in Masvingo Educational Region of Zimbabwe. A questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents. A chi-square test was used to analyse the…

  9. Prospective Teachers' Insights towards Scaffolding Students' Writing Processes through Teacher-Student Role Reversal in an Online System (United States)

    Yeh, Hui-Chin; Yang, Yu-Fen


    Teachers are encouraged to plan their teaching based on students' needs from the student-centered perspectives. Of the many teacher training programs, teacher-student role reversal is regarded as one of the most effective avenues to help teachers identify students' learning difficulties and further provide adaptive instruction. However, as the…

  10. Teachers leadership style and motivating of students


    Pirnat, Karmen


    During their work teachers are facing different problems – from educational, disciplinary to motivational ones. Therefore it is important to know the methods or ways to alleviate these problems or even to solve them. All teachers wish to have successful students and therefore it is very important to know how to help students and guide them with the right or the most appropriate methods on their way to knowledge. Because the classroom management style is significantly affecting the motivatio...

  11. Effects of Student Teaching on the Classroom Management Beliefs and Skills of Music Student Teachers. (United States)

    Brand, Manny


    Does the music student teaching experience affect student teachers' classroom management beliefs and skills, and as a result of student teaching, do the classroom management beliefs and skills of music student teachers and their cooperating teachers become more congruent? Research indicates that student teaching does not affect student teacher

  12. Librarian Mentoring of Undergraduate Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Annette Hayes-Bohanan


    Full Text Available Bridgewater State University has a dynamic, highly visible, and increasingly successful Office of Undergraduate Research (OUR that supports students and their faculty mentors with developing research opportunities. Students working on undergraduate research projects have sought the help of librarians, but the librarians had never been directly involved as mentors. A librarian mentor and student library worker collaborated on a project to develop an online library guide, which is used by faculty and student researchers for discovering social justice resources, and found new paths to teaching and learning information literacy skills.

  13. Gazing strategies in teacher-student dialog

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    Mohamedade Farouk


    Full Text Available This paper studies multimodal communication between a teacher and a learner. Our long term goal is to specify the behavior of an animated pedagogical agent in a tutoring system. Our methodological approach is based on video corpora annotation. Dyadic interactions between teachers and learners were recorded. We worked with the Pepite tutoring system that assesses the level in algebra of students aged 15-16. We defined an annotation schema applied to a part of the videos. Statistical analysis of the annotations allows for capturing different strategies in the way the teacher uses gaze depending on students’ level and on pedagogical acts

  14. The Effects of Student and Teacher Characteristics on Teacher Impressions of – and Responses to – Student Behaviors


    Amity Noltemeyer; Claire Kunesh; Cody Hostutler; Patrick Frato; Sarr-kerman, Brianna J.


    This study examined how student characteristics (e.g., race, gender) and teacher characteristics (e.g., race, gender, years of experience, confidence in behavior management) influence the way teachers perceive and respond to student behaviors in the U.S.A. A rigorous process was used to develop and pilot a survey consisting of questions about a defiant student behavioral incident that might be encountered in a school. This process involved systematically identifying student names that would i...

  15. Student Teacher Mentors in Turkey: New Program Challenges Traditional Relationships. (United States)

    Stevens, Dannelle D.; Demirezen, Gulsen

    Mentoring a student teacher not only affects student teacher development but may also have a concomitant effect on the mentor's development. In Turkey, with a long tradition of an apprenticeship model in learning to teach and a traditional teacher education program, how mentors respond to student teachers and how they use this experience to…

  16. A Letter to Elementary Science Teachers (United States)

    Marcia Mardis

    In this article, a school librarian looks at ways the elementary teacher can find support in the school library for introducing inquiry-based, technology-enriched science concepts to K-Grade 5 students. She describes the national "@ your library" campaign, which stresses collaboration between school librarians and teachers. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which focuses on the seven essential principles of climate science.

  17. Analysis of Student Behavior in Teacher’s Evaluation: Based on Time Spent Method


    Safi Ullah Hidayat; Muhammad Ramzan Talib?


    Teacher evaluation is a method of assessing an instructor’s effectiveness in the classroom. The main purpose of the teacher evaluation is to: judge student learning level, improving it, measures the performance of individual teacher and guides the teacher as they reflect and improve the effectiveness of the teaching. True and accurate teacher’s evaluation by the student places an important role in education department but unluckily the purpose of teacher evaluation is not fulf...

  18. Elementary Physical Education Student Teachers' Interactions with Students (United States)

    Barney, David


    The student teaching experience can be a time of application and learning for the student. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of interactions student teachers had during their elementary physical education teaching experience. The subjects were three senior physical education majors that had completed all of their class work…

  19. Schools and Teachers Supporting Student Open Investigations (United States)

    Symington, David; Tytler, Russell


    This paper draws on a study of the BHP Billiton Science Awards to explore the ways in which open investigation work occurs in schools. The research used interviews with teachers and students and state organisers to develop a picture of what happens on the ground in running student open investigations, and to trace how schools have built a culture…

  20. Conditions for Student Teacher Professional Development (United States)

    Zascerinska, Jelena


    The rapidly changing nature of Europe and of education and culture that includes conditions for student teacher professional development is generated by the democracy transition from opportunity to choose towards qualities and purposes in the context of cultural and educational globalization. Conditions of contribution applied to enhance student

  1. University digital libraries in Spain and TIC as paradigms of the information needs for teachers and students

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    Carlos Oliva Marañón


    Full Text Available The university digital libraries have experienced an improvement in recent years, allowing easy retrieval of information in different media. The objectives of this research are to verify the suitability of online catalogs to meet the information needs of teachers and students in the area of Library and Information by evaluating a sample of 23 University digital libraries, and raise the necessary improvements. The results verify the suitability of online catalogs to solve the information needs of teachers, researchers and students, being the University libraries of Barcelona, Granada and Sevilla the most relevant in the area of documentation, as well as the professionalism of librarians to heed the needs of users. Among other improvements, raised teacher education and students in using electronic resources and the creation of online help to improve user interfaces-Web in order to retrieve information quickly and efficiently.

  2. Eighth-Grade Students' Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness (United States)

    Sprague, Julie A.


    This quantitative study used a validated student survey instrument to collect 182 Midwestern eighth-grade students' perceptions of effective teachers. Balch's (2011) survey was used. The original intent of this survey was to have students rate the effectiveness of one teacher. In this study, students were asked to rate teacher



    Vera Stojanovska


    Professional teacher’s ethics is a collection of moral codes of their professional work. It is significant that the teaching profession respects certain designated professional-ethical codes of conduct between the teachers and the students, with their colleagues and other people they professionally cooperate with.     This study is focused on analysis of the professional ethical relation of teachers towards students, seen from student’s point of view. These are the results of student?...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihta V F Liando


    Full Text Available his paper discusses the perspectives of students and teachers in a university setting about best teacher characteristics. This is viewed through the perspectives of students and teachers regarding their perceptions of qualities of English teachers, and teachers’ immediacy behavior – verbal or non-verbal - as predictors of student academic motivation. In this study, 126 students and 28 teachers in the English department at State University of Manado, Indonesia were involved. From the questionnaire, this study proved that a teacher was an important personnel in EFL teaching. Both teacher and students believed that a good teacher should display personal and academic attitudes. Both parties also considered that there were certain verbal and nonverbal immediacy behaviors teachers performed which could be the source of motivating as well as de-motivating the students. This study is expected to give understanding of how teaching English in a foreign language context can be better.

  5. The Teacher-Student Communication Pattern: A Need to Follow?


    Mohammad Hashamdar


    This study is intended to investigate the teacher-student communication patterns in an upperintermediate English class. There are major questions in this study; (a) what the nature of interaction is in a foreign language classroom, (b) what the characteristics of teacher-student turn taking are, (c) what type of feedback is taken by the teacher, (d) how the teacher's competence and performance are. The participants of the study are female adult students and a female teacher majoring English l...

  6. What inspires South African student teachers for their future profession?


    Charl Wolhuter; Hannes van der Walt; Ferdinand Potgieter; Louisa Meyer; Thapelo Mamiala


    The need for an inspired professional teacher corps to haul South African school education out of its current low level of quality was the driving force behind this project. Its aim was to determine what counted as sources of inspiration for student teachers and hence for future teachers. Based on a conceptual-theoretical study, a questionnaire that could probe student teachers' sources of inspiration was completed by a sample of student teachers (n = 1,683). A factor analysis of their respon...

  7. I, Librarian


    Kruger, Hilda


    The fast and continuous technological change that is characteristic of the information society we find ourselves in has demonstrable impact on the way librarians go about their business. This paper offers a scenario of technological changes already in the pipeline and yet to come, and how those changes will impact the role of librarians in the future. One of the main concerns of this paper is the continued relevance of information professionals as infomediaries in our future society.

  8. Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher Tensions in a High School Mathematics Teacher Internship: The Case of Luis and Sheri (United States)

    Rhoads, Kathryn; Samkoff, Aron; Weber, Keith


    We investigate interpersonal difficulties that student teachers and cooperating teachers may experience during the teaching internship by exploring the tension between one high school mathematics student teacher and his cooperating teacher. We identified seven causes of this tension, which included different ideas about what mathematics should be…

  9. Troubling Identities: Teacher Education Students' Constructions of Class and Ethnicity (United States)

    Allard, Andrea C.; Santoro, Ninetta


    Working with diverse student populations productively depends on teachers and teacher educators recognizing and valuing difference. Too often, in teacher education programs, when markers of identity such as gender, ethnicity, "race", or social class are examined, the focus is on developing student teachers' understandings of how these discourses…

  10. Non-Authoritative Approach to Supervision of Student Teachers: Cooperating Teachers' Conceptual Metaphors (United States)

    Kim, Taehyung; Danforth, Scot


    Cooperating teachers' beliefs of effective supervision of student teachers may play an important role in mentoring practices. By systematically analysing metaphors unconsciously expressed in the discourse of cooperating teachers concerning supervision of student teachers, these beliefs could be made explicit. This study explored: (1) what…

  11. Stress Levels of Agricultural Science Cooperating Teachers and Student Teachers: A Repeated Measures Comparative Assessment (United States)

    McKim, Billy R.; Rayfield, John; Harlin, Julie; Adams, Andy


    This study compared job stress levels of Texas agricultural science cooperating teachers and Texas agricultural science student teachers across a semester. The research objectives included describing secondary agricultural science cooperating teachers and student teachers perceptions of stressors, by time of semester (beginning, middle, and end),…

  12. The Correlation between Teacher Self-Efficacy among Seminaries and Institutes Seminary Teachers and Student Outcomes (United States)

    Mangum, James Irvin, III


    This study examined the correlation between teacher self-efficacy and student outcomes. Teacher self-efficacy was measured in 99 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Seminaries and Institutes seminary teachers using Tschannen-Moran and Hoy's Teachers Sense of Efficacy Scale (2001). Student outcomes included academic grades, conduct…

  13. Examining of the Gifted StudentsTeacher Preferences

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    Feyzullah SAHIN


    Full Text Available Gifted students differ from their peers in terms of motivations, learning, social and emotional needs. Because of these differences, it is indispensible that their teachers have to have a number of different characteristics. Because, teachers’ personality tratis and professional qualifications affects gifted students’ academic, cognitive and affective development. The main aim of this study is to examine that whether gifted students’ preferences of characteristics that teachers should have, differs according to type of educational institution, student's gender and level of meeting their educational needs or not. The study was designed as descriptive, one of the survey models. The study group consists of 1077 gifted students who are enrolled at five Science High School state schools, a private gifted school and three Science and Art Centers in Thracia Region in Turkey. As a means of data collection, Gifted StudentsTeacher Preferences Scale (GSTPS developed by Sahin & Tortop (2013 was used. In the calculation of internal consistency reliability of research data, Cronbach's ? value was calculated. Cronbach alfa realibity cofficients were found to be .92 for Personality Traits sub-scale, .89 Professional Qualification sub-scale and .94 GSTPS, respectively. Besides, it was seen that based on the gender of participants, there was no difference in the characteristics they want to see in teachers and the opinions of students in High Schools and at SACs differed from the ones who were in the private school. Moreover, it was determined that the scores of the ones who thought the schools met their educational needs fully and the ones who thought the schools met their educational needs partially varied significantly.

  14. What medical students value from their teachers. (United States)

    Ho, Maria Theresa; Tani, Massimiliano


    As Australian medical educators become more accustomed to the increasing pressures imposed upon them, there is a risk that the traditional educational relationship between a student and his or her teacher is replaced by a pure transactional relationship between a customer and his or her supplier. A large sample of medical students surveyed revealed that medical students seem to value directed rather than independent learning. New approaches to teaching, such as being innovative or entertaining, as well as facilitating participation, do not appear to be very important to medical students. Medical students do not seem to have strong preferences when it comes to assessment, contradicting some of the fundamental suggestions of the recent educational literature, in which assessment is often viewed as a key element in the formation and the direction of learning. The fact that medical students seem to reject many of the paradigms of the psychology-based educational literature, at least based on the large sample surveyed at the University of New South Wales, suggests that caution should be used in the development of training programs for teachers in medical faculties, and that learning and teaching should ensure that students' expectations and teachers' training do not mismatch. PMID:17669057

  15. I Think I Can Engage My Students. Teachers' Perceptions of Student Engagement and Their Beliefs about Being a Teacher (United States)

    van Uden, Jolien M.; Ritzen, Henk; Pieters, Jules M.


    Student engagement is an important condition for positive outcomes at school. This study examined whether teachers' motives for being a teacher, their ratings of the relative importance of different teacher competences, their self-efficacy for teaching, and ratings of their own interpersonal teacher behavior could predict teacher perceptions of…

  16. Turkish Geography Student Teachers' Concerns towards the Teaching Profession (United States)

    Sezer, Adem


    The aim of this study is to determine the levels of concern of Turkish geography student teachers towards the teaching profession. The study was conducted with 293 geography student teachers who are enrolled in the last class of the Geography Student Teachers Program of the Faculties of Education and enrolled in a Non-Thesis Master's Degree…

  17. Student Teacher Beliefs before and after the Internship (United States)

    Schramm-Possinger, Megan Elise


    Teachers' beliefs about pedagogical practices and disciplinary procedures as well as their perceptions of students powerfully influence the corresponding approaches they utilize. The student teaching experience is cited as one of the most critical facets of teachers' professional development. That which is learned by student teachers

  18. Relationships between Personality Type and Teaching Efficacy of Student Teachers (United States)

    Roberts, T. Grady; Mowen, Diana L.; Edgar, Don W.; Harlin, Julie F.; Briers, Gary E.


    The purpose of this study was to determine if relationships exist between teaching efficacy and personality type of student teachers. The population of interest was all agricultural science student teachers at Texas A&M University. The sampling frame included all student teachers during the spring and fall semesters of 2005 (n= 72). Teaching…

  19. Teacher and Student Intrinsic Motivation in Project-Based Learning (United States)

    Lam, Shui-fong; Cheng, Rebecca Wing-yi; Ma, William Y. K.


    In this study we examined the relationship between teacher and student intrinsic motivation in project-based learning. The participants were 126 Hong Kong secondary school teachers and their 631 students who completed evaluation questionnaires after a semester-long project-based learning program. Both teachers and students were asked to indicate…

  20. Teacher Perceptions of Inclusionary Practices for Students with Emotional (United States)

    Lee, Yu-wen Grace


    The present study examined variables affecting teachers' perceptions of inclusionary practices for students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) in three areas: inclusion of students with E/BD, behaviors of students with E/BD, and teacher efficacy. Teachers listed in the database of one Education Service Center located in north…

  1. Student Teacher Reflective Writing: What Does It Reveal? (United States)

    Mena-Marcos, Juanjo; Garcia-Rodriguez, Maria-Luisa; Tillema, Harm


    Some researchers claim that reflection helps student teachers to better understand their practice teaching. This study aims to explore how deliberate reflection by student teachers is encouraged as a way to prepare, analyse and evaluate their practice. A total of 104 student teachers in primary education participated in this study during their…

  2. Learner Autonomy in Language Learning: Student Teachers' Beliefs (United States)

    Balcikanli, Cem


    This paper aims to investigate student teachers' beliefs about learner autonomy in the Turkish educational context. In a study in the ELT Department, Gazi University, a questionnaire developed by Camilleri (1997) was administered to 112 student teachers. Twenty volunteer student teachers were interviewed in groups to identify their further general…

  3. An Investigation of Student Teacher Morale Among Three Groups of Student Teachers. (United States)

    Chissom, Brad S.; Stanford, Ronnie L.

    A study investigating the morale patterns of a group of 123 student teachers over the course of a 14-week period indicates a discernible pattern for three different groups. High and low morale patterns varied between groups of preservice teachers depending on their projected grade level specification. Early childhood, elementary, and secondary…

  4. Teacher in Residence: Bringing Science to Students

    CERN Multimedia

    Daisy Yuhas

    CERN welcomes its first Teacher in Residence, Terrence Baine of the University of Oslo. Baine, who originally hails from Canada, will be concurrently completing his PhD in Physics Education during his time at CERN. Like CERN’s High School Teacher Programme (HST), of which Baine is an alumnus, the Teacher in Residence position is designed to help educators spread the science of CERN in a form that is accessible to students and can encourage them to pursue physics throughout their education.   Terrence Baine, first 'teacher in residence' at CERN Baine explains, “It’s very important to have a teacher present who can be that middle person between the young peoplecoming here, whom we are trying to enlighten, and the physicists who work at CERN. The Teacher in Residence can act as an on-site educational consultant.” As Teacher in Residence, Baine’s primary project will be to develop teaching modules, or a series of lesson plans, that can help high schoo...

  5. Training graduate students to be teachers


    de-Macedo D.V.; de-Paula E.; Torres B.B.


    Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campina...



    Luiza KRAFT


    The paper is centered upon the student as a source of learning for the language teacher and the biunivocal, teacher-student, student-teacher knowledge and experience transfer, in the context of life-long learning and the development of motivational strategies related to military foreign language education.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza KRAFT


    Full Text Available The paper is centered upon the student as a source of learning for the language teacher and the biunivocal, teacher-student, student-teacher knowledge and experience transfer, in the context of life-long learning and the development of motivational strategies related to military foreign language education.

  8. Can Teachers Motivate Students to Learn? (United States)

    Thoonen, Erik E. J.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.; Peetsma, Thea T. D.; Oort, Frans J.


    Research on motivation has mainly concentrated on the role of goal orientation and self-evaluation in conducting learning activities. In this paper, we examine the relative importance of teachers' teaching and their efficacy beliefs to explain variation in student motivation. Questionnaires were used to measure the well-being, academic…

  9. Student Teachers' Approaches to Teaching Biological Evolution (United States)

    Borgerding, Lisa A.; Klein, Vanessa A.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Eibel, Albert


    Evolution is fundamental to biology and scientific literacy, but teaching high school evolution is often difficult. Evolution teachers face several challenges including limited content knowledge, personal conflicts with evolution, expectations of resistance, concerns about students' conflicts with religion, and curricular constraints. Evolution…

  10. Diesel Technology: Engines. [Teacher and Student Editions. (United States)

    Barbieri, Dave; Miller, Roger; Kellum, Mary

    Competency-based teacher and student materials on diesel engines are provided for a diesel technology curriculum. Seventeen units of instruction cover the following topics: introduction to engine principles and procedures; engine systems and components; fuel systems; engine diagnosis and maintenance. The materials are based on the…

  11. How Should We Evaluate Student Teachers? (United States)

    Deering, Thomas


    In this article, Thomas Deering addresses possibly the most written about component of teacher preparation: "student teaching." Deering states that a cursory examination of literature databases identified some 4000 articles on this topic, spanning the last three decades. An issue often related to Professional Development Schools (PDSs)…

  12. The Case Law on Student Teachers' Rights (United States)

    Karanxha, Zorka; Zirkel, Perry A.


    The article provides a concise and up-to-date synthesis of the published case law where a student teacher was the plaintiff, or suing party, and the defendant was an institution of higher education and/or the cooperating local school district. There were 28 of these court decisions, and the outcomes favored the defendant institutions in 23 of them…

  13. A Manual for Teachers of Indochinese Students. (United States)

    Phap, Dam Trung

    This is a manual for teachers of Indochinese students. The manual begins with brief cultural, linguistic, and historical descriptions of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodian people. The tenets of animism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Christianity, as practiced in Indochina are reviewed. Also discussed are Indochinese attitudes toward learning and…

  14. Deepening the exchange of student teacher experiences: implications for the pedagogy of teacher education of recent insights into teacher behaviour


    Tigchelaar, A. E.; Korthagen, F.


    How can teacher education seminars be arranged in such a way that theory is integrated with student teachers’ practical experiences? In order to study this key question, we first present a theoretical framework on the sources of teacher behaviour, and discuss its implications for practices within teacher education. Next, we describe our development research study, which led to the identification of three approaches that can help to integrate student teachers’ experiences with theory. We i...

  15. Library Research Instruction for Doctor of Ministry Students: Outcomes of Instruction Provided by a Theological Librarian and by a Program Faculty Member

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles D. Kamilos


    Full Text Available At some seminaries the question of who is more effective teaching library research is an open question.  There are two camps of thought: (1 that the program faculty member is more effective in providing library research instruction as he or she is intimately engaged in the subject of the course(s, or (2 that the theological librarian is more effective in providing library research instruction as he or she is more familiar with the scope of resources that are available, as well as how to obtain “hard to get” resources.   What began as a librarian’s interest in determining the extent to which Doctor of Ministry (DMin students begin their research using Google, resulted in the development of a survey.  Given the interesting results returned from the first survey in fall of 2008, the survey was conducted again in the fall of 2011.  The results of the comparative data led to the discovery of some useful data that will be used to adjust future instruction sessions for DMin students.  The results of the surveys indicated that the instruction provided by the theological librarian was more effective as students were more prepared to obtain and use resources most likely to provide the best information for course projects. Additionally, following the instruction of library research skills by the librarian (2011 survey, DMin students were more likely to begin the search process for information resources using university provided catalogs and databases than what was reported in the 2008 survey. The responses to the two surveys piqued interest regarding both eBook use during the research process and the reduction of research frustration to be addressed in a follow-up survey to be given in 2014, results of which we hope to report in a future article.

  16. A formação de professores e a capacitação de bibliotecários com limitação visual por meio da EAD em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem / Teachers formation and visual disabled librarians training through e-learning in learning virtual environment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lizandra Brasil, Estabel; Eliane Lourdes da Silva, Moro; Lucila Maria Costi, Santarosa.


    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa aborda o uso e a apropriação das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação (TICs) pelas Pessoas com Necessidades Educacionais Especiais (PNEEs) com limitação visual e os processos de interação e de aprendizagem por esses sujeitos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA). O cenário [...] desta pesquisa é o AVA TelEduc e as suas ferramentas, bem como as ferramentas de comunicação e de interação externas ao ambiente, como o MsChat e o Skype. Fazem parte deste processo quatro sujeitos com limitação visual (SB, AL, NO e AM), professores e bibliotecários dos cursos PROINESP, da Secretaria de Educação Especial do Ministério da Educação (SEESP/MEC), em parceria com a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), por meio do Núcleo de Informática na Educação Especial (NIEE) e do BIBLIOTEC II, Curso de Extensão em Bibliotecas Escolares e Acessibilidade, do Departamento de Ciências da Informação da Faculdade de Biblioteconomia e Comunicação (DCI/FABICO), da UFRGS. O problema de pesquisa pretende verificar como ocorre, na formação a distância em Ambientes Virtuais de Aprendizagem, o processo de apropriação e de interação, no uso das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação, de professores e de bibliotecários com limitação visual. Dentre os objetivos, destacam-se os de propiciar a formação e a qualificação a distância de professores e bibliotecários com limitação visual, por meio de AVA e avaliar os processos de apropriação, de interação e a inclusão social, digital e profissional. A epistemologia vygotskyana foi a base desta pesquisa e a linha mestra do processo pedagógico. A partir das análises realizadas dos processos de apropriação e de interação dos sujeitos desta pesquisa, pode-se concluir que SB, AL, NO e AM conseguiram apropriar-se das ferramentas e serem mediadores deste processo de apropriação pelos seus alunos e interagiram entre eles (sujeitos), com os colegas, com os formadores e com os alunos por meio do uso das ferramentas, sendo incluídos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem. Abstract in english This research approaches the use and the appropriation of ICTs, by PNEEs with visual disability and their interaction and learning processes in an AVA. The background of this research is AVA TelEduc and their tools, as well as the external tools to the environment: MsChat and Skype. Four visual disa [...] bled people are part of this process (SB, AL, NO and AM), as well as PROINESP courses teachers and librarians. The research main goal is to verify how the appropriation and interaction process in the use of ICTs happens in long distance educational system AVAs -, among teachers and librarians with visual disability. Among the objectives, stand out to provide long distance graduation and qualification through AVA to teachers and librarians with visual disability, and to evaluate appropriation and interaction processes as well as the social, digital and professional inclusion. The Vygotskyan epistemology was the foundation for this research. Starting from the accomplished analyses of the appropriation and interaction processes of the involved people in this research, it can be settled that SB, AL, NO and AM were able to appropriate themselves of the tools and be mediators of the appropriation process to their students .They also interacted among themselves, among friends, teachers and students by using the tools and by being included in a virtual-learning environment.

  17. Training graduate students to be teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D.V., de-Macedo; E., de-Paula; B.B., Torres.


    Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportun [...] ity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo). The content of the course consists of a) choosing the theme, b) selecting and organizing the topics, c) preparing written material, d) establishing the methodological strategies, e) planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f) as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP), Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP) and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP). In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options) and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.

  18. Training graduate students to be teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de-Macedo D.V.


    Full Text Available Pedagogic education of graduate students, when and where it exists, is restricted to theoretical courses or to the participation of the students as teachers' assistants. This model is essentially reproductive and offers few opportunities for any significant curriculum innovation. To open an opportunity for novelty we have introduced a new approach in "Biochemistry Teaching", a course included in the Biochemistry Graduate Program of the Biochemistry Department (Universidade Estadual de Campinas and Universidade de São Paulo. The content of the course consists of a choosing the theme, b selecting and organizing the topics, c preparing written material, d establishing the methodological strategies, e planning the evaluation tools and, finally, f as teachers, conducting the course as an optional summer course for undergraduate students. During the first semester the graduate students establish general and specific educational objectives, select and organize contents, decide on the instructional strategies and plan evaluation tools. The contents are explored using a wide range of strategies, which include computer-aided instruction, laboratory classes, small group teaching, a few lectures and round table discussions. The graduate students also organize printed class notes to be used by the undergraduate students. Finally, as a group, they teach the summer course. In the three versions already developed, the themes chosen were Biochemistry of Exercise (UNICAMP, Biochemistry of Nutrition (UNICAMP and Molecular Biology of Plants (USP. In all cases the number of registrations greatly exceeded the number of places and a selection had to be made. The evaluation of the experience by both graduate and undergraduate students was very positive. Graduate students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the undergraduate students benefited from a more flexible curriculum (more options and gave very high scores to both the courses and the teachers.

  19. Student Self-Assessment and Student Ratings of Teacher Rapport in Secondary Student Course Ratings (United States)

    Roe, John Wilford


    This study involved administering two rating forms (student self-rating on commitment and student rating of teacher rapport) to approximately 1,400 secondary students taught by 12 different teachers at two different high school Latter-day Saint (LDS) released time seminaries along the Wasatch Front in Utah. Seminaries and Institutes of Religion…

  20. Ranking Teachers when Teacher Value-Added is Heterogeneous Across Students


    Stacy, Brian


    The typical measure used by researchers and school administrators to evaluate teachers is based on how the students' achievement increases after being exposed to the teacher, or based on the teacher's "value-added''. When teacher value-added is heterogeneous across her students, the typically used measure reflects differences in the average value-added the teacher provides. However, researchers, administrators, and parents may care not just about the average value-added, but also its dispersi...

  1. Student teachers' perceptions of the internet: motivation, influences, and use


    Almeida, Conceic?a?o; Morais, Carlos; Miranda, Lui?sa; Viseu, Floriano; Martinho, Helena


    The Internet's rapid growth and diffusion, both worldwide and in our country, as well as its importance for teacher education, made us feel the need to reflect on how our student teachers integrate themselves in such quite novel environmental conditions and teaching communities. This paper reports on one specific Portuguese university’s student teachers’ Internet usage during their teaching practice and what reasons motivated them to do so. It also looks into student teachers' perceptions...

  2. Understanding the teacher’s role in supporting students’ generalization when investigating sequences


    Oliveira, Hélia


    The aim of this paper is to analyse the teacher’s role in supporting students’ work in mathematical investigations, in particular, with one task which involves generalisation in sequences in the 8th grade, and the constraints the teacher faces when performing this role. The lessons were audio and video recorded and the teacher was interviewed in order to understand her options and perspectives about the classroom events. Five aspects of the teacher’s role have being identified ...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Regina dos Anjos


    Full Text Available The assignment of the reference librarian of the university goes beyond its role as facilitator of information. Today he also works as an educator and promote training programs that teach students and researchers to standardize their academic-scientific works, as standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT. This paper discusses the problem of standardization of academic and scientific work in the universities. The methodology consisted of the review of work Completion of Course Work (CCW. The task of reviewing the academic and scientific work, which would be easy at first, becomes complicated by the difficulty of working together with the teacher librarian and the lack of the teacher librarian is also an education professional standards and that the documentary exist to facilitate the transfer of scientific communication.

  4. A Case Study of Teacher’s Questioning and Students’ Critical Thinking in College EFL Reading Classroom


    Ping Shen; Butsakorn Yodkhumlue


    The present case study mainly focused on the effects of a teacher’s questions on the development of students’ critical thinking. The purpose was to investigate whether teacher’s questions could facilitate students’ critical thinking which required students to manipulate knowledge instead of direct recalling. Classroom observation and interview were employed in the study. A teacher’s questioning behavior was observed and 17 students were interviewed. The results showed the teacher as...

  5. College Teacher Immediacy and Student Ratings of Instruction. (United States)

    Moore, Alexis; And Others


    Examines the relationship between college student perceptions of teacher immediacy and student ratings of instruction. Notes that 266 students responded to instruments designed to measure the frequency of teachers' verbal and nonverbal immediacy behaviors. Finds positive correlation between immediacy and student ratings of instruction. Discusses…

  6. Disconnections between Teacher Expectations and Student Confidence in Bioethics (United States)

    Hanegan, Nikki L.; Price, Laura; Peterson, Jeremy


    This study examines how student practice of scientific argumentation using socioscientific bioethics issues affects both teacher expectations of students' general performance and student confidence in their own work. When teachers use bioethical issues in the classroom students can gain not only biology content knowledge but also important…

  7. Students' Pedagogical Knowledge about Teachers' Use of Questions (United States)

    Tran, Tu Anh Thi; Lawson, Michael


    High quality pedagogical knowledge is crucial for students, especially for teacher-education students, because it can assist them in their current learning and in helping their own future students' learning. This study of teacher-education students used a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods to investigate three main…

  8. Teacher Education and Black Male Students in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Richard Milner


    Full Text Available Teacher education programs in the United States (U.S. struggle to prepare teachers to meet the complex needs of elementary and secondary students in public schools - especially those of color, those living in poverty, and those whose first language is not English. In this article, we argue for focused attention on preparing educators to teach African American male students as these students face particular institutional challenges in successfully navigating the U.S. public school system. Drawing from the significant body of research on teacher education and teacher learning for equity and social justice, four Black teacher educators discuss challenges they have faced in classes designed to prepare teachers to teach Black male students. Through an analysis of commonalities in their experiences, they propose means for teacher educators to foster greater understandings of the heterogeneity found among Black male students so that teachers can craft more responsive and responsible educational experiences for Black males.

  9. Training biochemistry undergraduate students to be teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.A. Granjeiro


    Full Text Available In the last few decades the economic revolution has contributed for significant changes in  the  global  scene.  The  speed  and  mobility  of  the  information  have  fortified  the competition and increased the competitiveness through the knowledge applied to the science and technological innovation. In this context, in 2008, a graduation course of Biochemistry at UFSJ was created, with the objective to form professionals to research and education in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. One of the tools used to develop the skills of education of our students is their participation in an optional discipline aiming at  developing  and  implementing  practical  and  theoretical  winters  courses  for  High School students. The content of the discipline consists of choosing themes, selecting and  organizing  the  topics,  preparing  written  material,  establishing  the  methodological strategies, planning the evaluation tools and, finally, as teachers, conducting the course. In the last two years the themes consisted in free radicals, bioactives, bioenergy, DNA, biotechnology  of  microorganisms,  genetics  of  cancer,  cellular  therapy,  and  medicinal chemistry. The evaluation of the experience by biochemistry and high school students was very positive. Biochemistry students considered this experience to be unique and recommended it to their schoolmates; the high school students gave very high scores to the courses and the teachers. In conclusion this course was a great experience for both undergraduate students that might become teachers and for high school students that have rare opportunity to participate in science and technology practical classes, which are normally insufficient in their formation.

  10. Multilingualism in an EFL Practicum: Increasing Student Teachers' Pedagogical Knowledge (United States)

    Olivero, María Matilde


    Research in second language teacher education has demonstrated that novice teachers have difficulty in using their pedagogical knowledge, which partly results from a heavy focus on theory offered in teacher training programs (e.g., Bartels, 2005, 2009; Tarone & Allwright, 2005). In order to better equip student teachers with the knowledge…

  11. Principals' Social Interactions with Teachers: How Principal-Teacher Social Relations Correlate with Teachers' Perceptions of Student Engagement (United States)

    Price, Heather E.


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to link the social interactions between principals and their teachers to teachers' perceptions of their students' engagement with school, empirically testing the theoretical proposition that principals influence students through their teachers in the US charter school environment. The mediating influence of…

  12. How and Why Do Student Teachers Use ICT? (United States)

    Hammond, M.; Reynolds, L.; Ingram, J.


    This paper examines how and why student teachers made use of information and communication technology (ICT) during a 1-year initial teacher education programme from 2008 to 2009. This is a mixed methods study involving a survey (N = 340) of the entire cohort and a series of semi-structured interviews with a sample of student teachers within the…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feryal CUBUKCU


    Full Text Available Whitty (1996 :89–90 identifies two sets of qualities that characterise a successful professional teacher: professional characteristics and professional competences. Professional characteristics include professional values, personal and professional development, communication and relationships as well as synthesis and application. Professional competences include knowledge and understanding of children and their learning, subject knowledge, curriculum, the education system and the teacher’s role. On the other hand, Medley and Shannon (1994 hold that there are three dimensions of teacher quality instead of two: teacher effectiveness (the degree to which a teacher achieves desired effects upon students, teacher competence (the extent to which a teacher has the knowledge and skills and teacher performance (how a teacher behaves in the process of teaching. In situations where the teachers are interpersonally oriented, attentive, empathic and fully cognizant of the students’ ability and they believe in the students, the students are extremely positive towards teaching (Skolverket, 1995; Chedzoy and Burden, 2007. Even if differences between schools and classes can be explained to a certain extent by factors in the students’ backgrounds, it is believed that teachers and school leaders are those who have the greatest influence on the school’s inner environment and culture. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to probe how student teachers in the English language teaching department see teachers’ competence and skills, to which factors they attribute their success and failure in language learning , and what they think the solutions are.

  14. Teaching practice: a make or break phase for student teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edith Kiggundu


    Full Text Available Teaching practice is an integral component of teacher training. It grants student teachers experience in the actual teaching and learning environment. We explore the experiences of student teachers in the Vaal University of Technology Post­graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE during their 10 weeks' teaching practice in the Vaal area. In this article we aim to establish the ways in which these experiences influence the student teachers' perception of the teaching profession. Semi-structured interviews with all student teachers were used to collect the data while content analysis was used to identify themes and analyse the data. We established that, despite the positive experiences during teaching practice, student teachers experienced challenges which affected their percep­tion of the teaching profession. Based on the findings of this study, measures are suggested on how to improve teaching practice in order to have a positive influence on the student teachers' perception of, and attitude towards, the tea­ching profession.

  15. Beginning Student Teachers' Teacher Identities Based on Their Practical Theories (United States)

    Stenberg, Katariina; Karlsson, Liisa; Pitkaniemi, Harri; Maaranen, Katriina


    In this article, we investigate first-year student teachers' teacher identities through their practical theories and ask what these practical theories reveal about their emerging teacher identities? This study approaches teacher identity from a dialogical viewpoint where identity is constructed through various positions. The empirical part of…

  16. The Role of Theory in Teacher Education: Reconsidered from a Student Teacher Perspective (United States)

    Sjølie, Ela


    With the persistent criticism of teacher education as a backdrop, this article explores the common perception that teacher education is too theoretical. This article takes the view that the student teachers' assumptions regarding the concept of theory affect how they engage with theory during initial teacher education. Using a qualitative…

  17. Student Teachers' Professional Identity Formation: Between Being Born as a Teacher and Becoming One (United States)

    Schepens, Annemie; Aelterman, Antonia; Vlerick, Peter


    This article focuses on student teachers' professional identity formation inspired by the tension between two layman points of view namely: being born as a teacher (i.e. based on demographics and personality traits) and becoming a teacher (i.e. based on experience). Besides demographics, personality traits and experience, the teacher preparation…

  18. Teacher Attitudes toward Dyslexia: Effects on Teacher Expectations and the Academic Achievement of Students with Dyslexia (United States)

    Hornstra, Lisette; Denessen, Eddie; Bakker, Joep; van den Bergh, Linda; Voeten, Marinus


    The present study examined teacher attitudes toward dyslexia and the effects of these attitudes on teacher expectations and the academic achievement of students with dyslexia compared to students without learning disabilities. The attitudes of 30 regular education teachers toward dyslexia were determined using both an implicit measure and an…

  19. Preschool Teacher Competence Viewed from the Perspective of Students in Early Childhood Teacher Education (United States)

    Lillvist, Anne; Sandberg, Anette; Sheridan, Sonja; Williams, Pia


    This paper examines contemporary issues in early childhood teacher education in Sweden. The aim of the study was to explore dimensions of the construct of preschool teachers' competence as reported by 810 students enrolled in early childhood teacher education at 15 Swedish universities. The results showed that students' definitions of…

  20. The Interaction of Factors which Influence Secondary Student Physical Education Teachers' Knowledge and Development as Teachers (United States)

    Capel, Susan; Hayes, Sid; Katene, Will; Velija, Philipa


    The purpose of this study was to look at the influence of and interrelationships between concerns and socialization on the development of student physical education (PE) teachers' knowledge for teaching and their development as teachers. Six secondary student PE teachers completed a journal on a monthly basis throughout the course of a one-year…

  1. Ethnic Incongruence and the Student-Teacher Relationship: The Perspective of Ethnic Majority Teachers (United States)

    Thijs, Jochem; Westhof, Saskia; Koomen, Helma


    Among 36 ethnic-Dutch school teachers in the Netherlands, the present study examined the role of ethnic incongruence in perceived student-teacher relationship quality. Teachers rated their relationships with 59 Turkish-Dutch, 62 Moroccan-Dutch, and 109 ethnic-Dutch students attending grades 4 through 6 (M[subscript age] = 10.81 years, SD = 1.05).…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Stojanovska


    Full Text Available Professional teacher’s ethics is a collection of moral codes of their professional work. It is significant that the teaching profession respects certain designated professional-ethical codes of conduct between the teachers and the students, with their colleagues and other people they professionally cooperate with.     This study is focused on analysis of the professional ethical relation of teachers towards students, seen from student’s point of view. These are the results of student’s reported opinion of the eighth graders from six primary schools in the region of the city of Skopje. The obtained results show that teachers mainly keep in line with the moral codes of conduct with the students, but not always all teachers respect them.

  3. Teacher evaluation of student ability: what roles do teacher gender, student gender, and their interaction play?


    Krkovic, Katarina; Greiff, Samuel; Kupiainen, Sirkku; Vainikainen, Mari-pauliina; Hautama?ki, Jarkko


    Background: Recent decades have been marked by an extensive movement to analyze bias in people’s thinking, especially in gender-related issues. Studies have addressed the question of gender bias in classrooms on different levels—the use of gender in books, learning opportunities determined by students’ gender, or teachers’ gender preferences. Purpose: In this study, we aim to answer the question of whether and under which circumstances the interaction between teacher...

  4. Institutional Leadership, Teacher’s Competence on Curricular Trends and Student’s Performance in Science


    Balaud-tabboga, Camfel V.


    The study primarily aimed to determine whether there is a significant combined influence of institutional leadership in science education, and teachers' competence on curricular trends on students' performance in science education in private secondary schools in Region XI. Employing a descriptive-correlation design, this investigation was conducted in Region XI (Davao Region or Southern Mindanao) with 233 purposively selected Science Teachers from private secondary high schools. A 20-item-res...

  5. SOAP in practice: learning outcomes of a cross-institutional innovation project conducted by teachers, student teachers, and teacher educators


    Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.; Kirschner, Paul A.


    This paper reports on a case study investigating learning outcomes at the individual and organisational level of a cross-institutional innovation project based on the SOAP approach. SOAP integrates Schooling of teachers, Organisational development of schools, Action- and development-oriented research, and Professional development of teachers. The innovation project was aimed at combining teachers, student teachers, and teacher educators in an alliance to design and develop new competence-base...

  6. The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance


    Hanushek, Eric A.; Piopiunik, Marc; Wiederhold, Simon


    Differences in teacher quality are commonly cited as a key determinant of the huge international student performance gaps. However, convincing evidence on this relationship is still lacking, in part because it is unclear how to measure teacher quality consistently across countries. We use unique international assessment data to investigate the role of teacher cognitive skills as one main dimension of teacher quality in explaining student outcomes. Our main identification strategy exploits exo...

  7. Millennial Students' Mental Models of Search: Implications for Academic Librarians and Database Developers (United States)

    Holman, Lucy


    Today's students exhibit generational differences in the way they search for information. Observations of first-year students revealed a proclivity for simple keyword or phrases searches with frequent misspellings and incorrect logic. Although no students had strong mental models of search mechanisms, those with stronger models did construct more…

  8. Science Student Teachers and Educational Technology: Experience, Intentions, and Value (United States)

    Efe, Rifat


    The primary purpose of this study is to examine science student teachers' experience with educational technology, their intentions for their own use, their intentions for their students' use, and their beliefs in the value of educational technology in science instruction. Four hundred-forty-eight science student teachers of different disciplines…

  9. Teacher-Student Negotiation in an Action Research Project (United States)

    Tsafos, Vassilis


    Students in Greece are required to study classical texts, a task often challenging both for them and for their teachers. In this article, a teacher action researcher describes how he explored ways to enhance student engagement in the required reading. By negotiating the task of indexing, a process where students go through the text collecting…

  10. Sultan Qaboos University's Student-Teacher Attitude Toward Instructional Media. (United States)

    El-Hmaisat, Hamad


    Investigates the effects of specific courses offered at the college of education of Sultan Qaboos University (Oman) on student-teacher attitudes toward instructional media in practice teaching. Results showed that female student-teachers have a more positive attitude than males; the students' majors (i.e., Arabic or English) did not have any…

  11. Communication Breakdown: Librarian and Student Approaches to Virtual Reference Differ. A review of: Walter, Virginia A. and Cindy Mediavilla. “Teens Are from Neptune, Librarians Are from Pluto: An Analysis of Online Reference Transactions.” Library Trends 54.2 (2005: 209-227.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Hall


    Full Text Available Objective – To evaluate the effectiveness of an online reference and referral service for students (primarily those in middle school and high school seeking homework help. Design – Analysis of 114 transcripts of reference transactions. Setting – A centralized homework reference and tutor referral service provided on behalf of the California State Library by the Metropolitan Cooperative Library System. Subjects – Virtual reference librarians at a large urban library system and middle and high school students in California. Methods – One hundred fourteen virtual reference transactions recorded between October 12 and November 8, 2003 were evaluated against the Reference and User Services Association’s (RUSA “Guidelines for Behavioral Performance of Reference and Information Service Providers.” Secondly, the transcripts were subjected to discourse analysis. Main results Performance of virtual reference librarians vis?àvis RUSA guidelines In the majority of cases, there was some evidence that librarians communicated clearly (110 out of 114 transactions. In 78 cases, it appeared that a librarian was available quickly, and in 92 of the transactions a friendly greeting was given. What was striking, however, was that in a clear majority of cases, some of the classic reference interview strategies were not employed. In 100 or more cases each, the following strategies were not observed: repeating or paraphrasing the question; helping to interpret the question; verifying mutual understanding; asking if the question has been answered; asking if the student needs more information. Furthermore, in 75 cases librarians did not probe for further information to clarify the question, while in 87 cases they did not check that information had been clearly understood. Possibly related to these findings, the researchers felt that the transcripts revealed “a conviction that homework questions are not the proper content for reference transactions” (222. In addition, librarians were found to be frequently too quick to refer students to a tutor, when a query might have been better answered as a reference question. Findings of discourse analysis In general, the virtual reference librarians used impersonal, formal language to “reinforce the professional’s superior position vis?à?vis the help?seeker” (217. There were repeated attempts by the students to interject a lighter or warmer tone (using humour, emoticons, informal language, introducing a personal note, etc.. These attempts were rarely reciprocated, with librarians continuing to use impersonal language, including stock messages such as: “we are experiencing a very busy time right now,” (217; or, “I am going to send you a page which will give you some help with your homework. After we disconnect this session, click on this link and follow the instructions to be connected with a tutor. Please do not click on any links on this page until after we have disconnected” (217. In several cases librarians were preoccupied with defining their roles—for example, specifying that they could give reference help but not advice. In all, the distancing mechanisms used by librarians, combined with occasional inaccurate referrals and technical problems with the software, were seen to create an enormous potential forfrustration on the part of the student. Conclusions – The most important implication of the study was that librarians and students were worlds (or planets apart in their approach to the reference interaction. While “teens attempted to create meaningby recreating the chat discourse environment in which they were most at home”, librarians “tried to create meaning in a parallel discourse environment that duplicated as much as possible the standard impersonal protocols of a face?to?face reference counter” (223. One suggested way to alleviate the disconnect between librarians and students was to involve students in the planning of the services. For now, however, the authors conclude that “teens are from Neptune, librarians are

  12. Student Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers’ Practices Following Curricular Change


    Carvalho, Carolina; Freire, Sofia; Conboy, Joseph; Baptista, Mo?nica; Freire, Ana; Azevedo, Ma?rio; Oliveira, Teresa


    Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. Aim: In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Method: Three low-achieving, seconda...

  13. Examination of Different Learning Levels of Students' and Student Science Teachers' Concepts About Gravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KÜÇÜK


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine different grade levels of students’ and student science teachers’ conceptions about gravity related to different problematical situations.

  14. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science (United States)

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale


    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

  15. Student or Teacher: The Tensions Faced by a Spanish Language Student Teacher

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gloria, Vélez-Rendón.


    Full Text Available En este artículo se examina la experiencia de Sue, una mujer blanca, de 22 años, durante su práctica docente en el área de español como lengua extranjera. Se deja al descubierto las tensiones y dilemas que la participante vivió en su búsqueda por una identidad profesional. Los métodos de recolección [...] de datos para este estudio incluyeron (a) dos entrevistas, cada una de aproximadamente 45 minutos; (b) una observación de un día escolar; y (c) una copia del diario de comunicación entre la participante y la profesora cooperadora. El análisis de datos reveló que tan pronto como empezó la práctica docente, la participante se vio en la ambigua posición en que los practicantes s encuentran: no era una educadora con todas las de la ley pero tampoco una estudiante. En su intento por negociar una identidad de educadora, Sue se vio jalonada en diferentes direcciones. La participante pronto adquirió conciencia del poder que ostentaba la profesora cooperadora y de su vulnerable posición en esta relación. La lucha de la participante por mantener su propia identidad, por una parte, y llenar las expectativas de la profesora cooperadora, por otra parte, se constituyeron en la principal fuente de tensión. Al final del artículo se discuten las implicaciones de esta investigación. Abstract in english The contradictory realities of student teaching viewed through the student teachers' eyes have been the focus of attention of some recent publications (Britzman, 1991; Knowles & Cole, 1994; Carel, S.; Stuckey, A.; Spalding, A.; Parish, D.; Vidaurri, L; Dahlstrom, K.; & Rand, Ch., 1996; Weber & Mitch [...] ell, 1996). Student teachers are "marginally situated in two worlds" they are to educate others while being educated themselves (Britzman, 1991, p. 13). Playing the two roles simultaneously is highly difficult. The contradictions, dilemmas, and tensions inherent in such endeavor make the world of the student teacher increasingly problematic. This is further complicated by the power relationships that often permeate the student teacher cooperating teacher relationship. This paper describes salient aspects of the student teaching journey of Sue, a white twenty-two year old student teacher of Spanish. It uncovers the tensions and dilemmas experienced by the participant in her quest for professional identity. Data collection sources for this study included (a) two open-ended interviews, each lasting approximately forty-five minutes; (b) one school-day long observation; and (c) a copy of the communication journal between the participant and her cooperating teacher. The data revealed that soon upon entering the student teaching field experience, Sue found herself torn by the ambiguous role in which student teachers are positioned: she was neither a full-fledged teacher nor a student. In trying to negotiate a teaching role for herself, Sue was pulled in different directions. She soon became aware of the powerful position of the cooperating teacher and of her vulnerability within the mentoring relationship. The main tension was manifested in Sue's struggle to develop her own teaching persona on the one hand, and the pressure to conform to her cooperating teachers' expectations on the other hand. The implications of the study are discussed.

  16. Impact of Chemistry Teachers' Knowledge and Practices on Student Achievement (United States)

    Scantlebury, Kathryn


    Professional development programs promoting inquiry-based teaching are challenged with providing teachers content knowledge and using pedagogical approaches that model standards based instruction. Inquiry practices are also important for undergraduate students. This paper focuses on the evaluation of an extensive professional development program for chemistry teachers that included chemistry content tests for students and the teachers and the impact of undergraduate research experiences on college students' attitudes towards chemistry. Baseline results for the students showed that there were no gender differences on the achievement test but white students scored significantly higher than non-white students. However, parent/adult involvement with chemistry homework and projects, was a significant negative predictor of 11th grade students' test chemistry achievement score. This paper will focus on students' achievement and attitude results for teachers who are mid-way through the program providing evidence that on-going, sustained professional development in content and pedagogy is critical for improving students' science achievement.

  17. Students' Perceptions of Their Science Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (United States)

    Halim, Lilia; Abdullah, Sharifah Intan Sharina Syed; Meerah, T. Subahan Mohd


    Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is a type of teacher knowledge to be developed by a teacher. PCK is said to contribute to effective teaching. Most studies investigated the development of PCK and its influence on students' learning from the teachers' perspectives. Only a limited number of studies have investigated the components of science teachers' PCK that helped students' learning from the perspective of students. Thus, it is the aim of this study to investigate the level of science teachers' PCK from students' perspective, in particular whether or not students of different achieving ability had different views of teachers' PCK in assisting their learning and understanding. Based on the PCK research literature, six components of PCK have been identified, which were as follows: (1) subject matter knowledge, (2) knowledge of teaching strategies, (3) knowledge of concept representation, (4) knowledge of teaching context, (5) knowledge of students, and (6) knowledge of assessment in learning science. A questionnaire consisting of 56 items on a five-point Likert-type scale were used for data collection from 316 Form Four students (16 years old). One-way analysis of variance revealed that the differences in science teachers' PCK identified by students of different achieving abilities were statistically significant. Overall, students of various academic achieving abilities considered all the components of PCK as important. The low-achieving students viewed all the components of PCK as being less important compared to the high and moderate achievers. In particular, low-achieving students do not view `knowledge of concept representation' as important for effective teaching. They valued the fact that teachers should be alert to their needs, such as being sensitive to students' reactions and preparing additional learning materials. This study has revealed that PCK of science teachers should be different for high and low-achieving students and knowledge of students' understanding plays a critical role in shaping teachers PCK.

  18. Goal Setting for Students and Teachers: Six Steps to Success (United States)

    Rader, Laura A.


    Faced on a daily basis with at-risk students, special education students, and general education students who lack focus and direction, teachers can too easily focus only on pathology and risk factors rather than on strategies to help students. Teaching goal setting is a clearly defined method for redirecting the teaching patterns to guide students

  19. Listening to Students, Negotiating Beliefs: Preparing Teachers for Urban Classrooms (United States)

    Schultz, Katherine; Jones-Walker, Cheryl E.; Chikkatur, Anita P.


    Learning to teach in urban schools is difficult, particularly when prospective teachers come from different racial, ethnic and/or class backgrounds than their students. The task of urban-focused teacher education programs is to prepare prospective teachers to learn and enact practices that enable them to teach successfully in under-resourced…

  20. Effects of Teacher Avoidance of School Policies on Student Victimization (United States)

    Marachi, Roxana; Avi Astor, Ron; Benbenishty, Rami


    The present study examines relations between school policy, teacher responses to violence and students' victimization outcomes as reported by teachers in a nationally representative sample of schools in Israel. Data were analysed using Structural Equations Modeling for the full sample of teachers, as well as group comparisons by school level,…

  1. Authentic Assessments: Praxis for the Distance Librarian (United States)

    Twomey, Beth


    Distance librarians continually develop information literacy instruction in a variety of formats. Assessment, when it occurs, tends to be of the traditional multiple-choice variety and does not measure more complex skills. Authentic assessments offer the instruction librarian a way to re-think their instruction strategies and assessment of student

  2. Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights (United States)

    Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.


    Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

  3. Librarians, Libraries, and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (United States)

    Otto, Peter


    Librarians are continually teaching students and faculty how to identify and access learning resources. They teach during individual reference consultations, through presentations to classes, and through library website content they create. Are librarians well prepared to design and deliver well-crafted instruction? Academic librarians have…

  4. Getting Immersed in Teacher and Student Perspectives? Facilitating Analytical Competence Using Video Cases in Teacher Education (United States)

    Goeze, Annika; Zottmann, Jan M.; Vogel, Freydis; Fischer, Frank; Schrader, Josef


    The ability to analyze and understand classroom situations through the eyes of not only teachers but also students can be seen as a crucial aspect of teachers' professional competence. Even though video case-based learning is considered to have great potential for the promotion of analytical competence of teachers (i.e., becoming immersed in…

  5. A Study of Environmental Awareness of Student Teachers and Teachers in Relation of Their Emotional Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Sharma


    Full Text Available The study aimed at finding out the relationship between environmental awareness and emotional intelligence of student teachers and teachers. The sample of the study consisted of 200 student teachers (100 male and 100 female and also of 100 teachers (50 male and 50 female. The sample was taken from 15 self-financed B.Ed. colleges of Ghaziabad District of CCS University, Meerut (UP. Environmental awareness measure scale by Dr. P. K. Jha and emotional intelligence inventory by Dr. S. K. Mangal and Mrs. Shubhra Mangal was used for assessing the environmental awareness and emotional intelligence of student teachers and teachers. Data was analyzed by using mean, SD, t-test and by Pearson Product Moment Correlation Technique. The results showed that there was no significant difference between male and female student teachers and teachers regarding environmental awareness and emotional intelligence. The results also showed that the environmental awareness of male and female student teachers was also found to be slightly positively but not significantly correlated with emotional intelligence. The environmental awareness of male teachers was found to be moderately, positively and significantly correlated with emotional intelligence. On the other hand the environmental awareness of female teachers was found to be slightly positively but not significantly correlated with emotional intelligence.

  6. Regression analysis exploring teacher impact on student FCI post scores (United States)

    Mahadeo, Jonathan V.; Manthey, Seth R.; Brewe, Eric


    High School Modeling Workshops are designed to improve high school physics teachers' understanding of physics and how to teach using the Modeling method. The basic assumption is that the teacher plays a critical role in their students' physics education. This study investigated teacher impacts on students' Force Concept Inventory scores, (FCI), with the hopes of identifying quantitative differences between teachers. This study examined student FCI scores from 18 teachers with at least a year of teaching high school physics. This data was then evaluated using a General Linear Model (GLM), which allowed for a regression equation to be fitted to the data. This regression equation was used to predict student post FCI scores, based on: teacher ID, student pre FCI score, gender, and representation. The results show 12 out of 18 teachers significantly impact their student post FCI scores. The GLM further revealed that of the 12 teachers only five have a positive impact on student post FCI scores. Given these differences among teachers it is our intention to extend our analysis to investigate pedagogical differences between them.

  7. Teachers’ Roles in Promoting Students’ Learner Autonomy in China


    Fang Fumin; Zhang Li


    Since 2007, the Ministry of Education of China has been promoting a shift from traditional teaching models to a new teaching model where students’ autonomous learning skills can be enhanced. In particular, college students are encouraged to learn English free from the constraints of time or place. While learner autonomy has been perceived as contributing tremendously to student learning, it is a new concept to many local teachers and students. Many teachers even think that the emphasis on lea...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER


    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

  9. Computer Literacy Learning Emotions of ODL Teacher-Students (United States)

    Esterhuizen, Hendrik D.; Blignaut, A. Seugnet; Els, Christo J.; Ellis, Suria M.


    This paper addresses the affective human experiences in terms of the emotions of South African teacher-students while attaining computer competencies for teaching and learning, and for ODL. The full mixed method study investigated how computers contribute towards affective experiences of disadvantaged teacher-students. The purposive sample related…

  10. Functions of the Learning Portfolio in Student Teachers' Learning Process (United States)

    Mansvelder-Longayroux, Desiree D.; Beijaard, Douwe; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan D.


    In this study, we aimed to develop a framework that could be used to describe the value of the learning portfolio for the learning process of individual student teachers. Retrospective interviews with 21 student teachers were used, as were their portfolio-evaluation reports on their experiences of working on a portfolio. Seven functions of the…

  11. Using Blended Learning in Developing Student Teachers Teaching Skills (United States)

    Isman, Aytekin; Abanmy, Fahad AbdulAziz; Hussein, Hisham Barakat; Al Saadany, Mohammed Abdelrahman


    The research aims to determine the effectiveness of using blended learning Approach in developing student teachers teaching skills, and defining teaching skills that confront students of teachers college at King Saud University need it. The research uses the Quasi- Experimental approach, with four experimental groups (Mathematics (21)--Science…

  12. Motivation for Math in Rural Schools: Student and Teacher Perspectives (United States)

    Hardre, Patricia L.


    Rural schools, students, teachers, administrators, families and community leaders face unique challenges from those of their urban and suburban counterparts. This paper investigates motivation in rural secondary schools, with a particular focus on mathematics, from teacher and student perspectives. It integrates recent research on math learning…

  13. Tuning in Zoning Out: Student Assessment in Teacher Education (United States)

    Lawson, Justine


    Assessment in higher education and teacher education in particular continues to be a prominent feature of the student experience. For teacher education students there is an immediate and future concern as they both experience assessment and go on to become assessors of learning within their profession. In the state of Queensland, Australia,…

  14. General Education Teachers' Relationships with Included Students with Autism. (United States)

    Robertson, Kristen; Chamberlain, Brandt; Kasari, Connie


    A study involving 187 children from second- and third-grade inclusive classrooms, 12 with autism, and 12 general education teachers, found included students with autism formed multidimensional relationships with their general education teachers. These relationships were associated with student's display of behavior problems and level of inclusion…

  15. L2 Teacher Characteristics as Predictors of Students' Academic Achievement (United States)

    Akbari, Ramin; Allvar, Nabi Karimi


    There is a substantial research base, mainly in mainstream education, acknowledging that teachers have a great impact on student achievement. However, as far as we know, little if any empirical evidence exists to enable us to determine which set of English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher characteristics correlates with positive student

  16. Peeling the Onion: Student Teacher's Conceptions of Literary Understanding. (United States)

    Carlsson, Maj Asplund; Fulop, Marta; Marton, Ference


    Studied the theories student teachers held about literary understanding through interviews with 25 Hungarian and 8 Swedish student teachers. Categories of theories captured a substantial portion of the variation in how literary understanding can be seen. Three central aspects of human understanding, variation, discernment, and simultaneity, could…

  17. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Student Teacher Performance (United States)

    Drew, Todd L.


    The purpose of this study was to determine whether student teacher performance is associated with emotional intelligence. The results indicate that emotional intelligence (as assessed by the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory) and college supervisors' assessments of student teacher performance are related. While total emotional quotient scores…

  18. The Impact of Teacher Skills on Student Performance across Countries


    Piopiunik, Marc; Hanushek, Eric A.; Wiederhold, Simon


    Student performance differs greatly across countries, but little is known about the role of teacher quality in explaining these differences. New international data from the PIAAC survey of adult skills allow for the first time to quantify teacher skills in numeracy and literacy, providing country-level measures of teacher subject knowledge. Our student-level regressions with PISA data exploit between-subject variation to overcome bias from unobserved country heterogeneity and control for pare...





    The present study is an attempt to examine relationship between emotional intelligence & effectiveness of teaching of student teachers. The roles & importance of emotional intelligence skill characteristics of effective teachers are illustrated. To achieve the goals & expectations of education in the 21st century the international inclusion & development of emotional intelligence skills in teacher preparation programs and student development programs are needed the tools used for the study ar...

  20. PRF Cross-Cultural Psychological Study of Lithuanian Students, Teachers, and Special Education Teachers (United States)

    Illovsky, Michael E.; Gintiliene, Grazina; Bulotaite, Laima; Rickman, Jacqueline; Belekiene, Marijona; Janowitz, Karl


    The Personality Research Form (PRF) was used to study the psychological traits of Lithuanian college of education students, teachers, and special education teachers. A sample of American college students was also used for comparison. Chi-square results indicated no statistical differences among the groups. Interpretations of the lack of…

  1. Future Teachers Experiment with Student-Managed Instruction vs. Teacher-Managed Instruction in Data Processing (United States)

    Shannon, John R.


    Reports a classroom experiment by future teachers at the University of Iowa to compare a traditional teacher-managed method of instruction to a student-managed method. Subject matter was a data processing unit of a secondary school bookkeeping course. No significant differences in student achievement scores were found. (MF)

  2. The Co-Creation of Caring Student-Teacher Relationships: Does Teacher Understanding Matter? (United States)

    Cooper, Kristy S.; Miness, Andrew


    This study explores the role of high school students' perceptions of teacher understanding in the development of caring student-teacher relationships. Whereas past research has embedded understanding as a facet of care, this research distinguishes between care and understanding to examine whether and how understanding is necessary for care.…

  3. Academic Librarians in Second Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Cote


    Full Text Available The multi-user virtual world Second Life is an online software platform that allows users to jointly explore realistic three-dimensional environments via avatar characters, communicate via voice and text chat, and collaborate using shared creation tools. Librarians and educators have been developing academic content and services in Second Life for use with students and other constituency groups since 2005. This study surveyed academic librarians working in Second Life to discover their perceptions of virtual world environments for teaching and learning and to gauge the impact of this technology on their work with faculty and students. Sixty-two librarians provided details on various aspects of their professional involvement in Second Life. Findings show that librarians from every type of academic institution, at all levels of advancement, and in every department participate in this virtual world. Results include details of roles and functions, as well as perceived benefits and challenges. Because many adolescents and teenagers worldwide are currently active virtual world participants, academic librarians in Second Life view virtual world technology as a significant near-future educational trend.

  4. Helping Students Make Meaning of Authentic Investigations: Findings from a Student-Teacher-Scientist Partnership (United States)

    Peker, Deniz; Dolan, Erin


    As student-teacher-scientist partnerships become more widespread, there is a need for research to understand the roles assumed by scientists and teachers as they interact with students in general and in inquiry learning environments in particular. Although teacher roles during inquiry learning have been studied, there is a paucity of research…

  5. More Research Needed on Librarian Teaching Anxiety. A Review of: Davis, Kaetrena D. “The Academic Librarian as Instructor: A Study of Teacher Anxiety.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 14.2 (2007:77?101.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie J. Schulte


    Full Text Available Objective – To identify the types of librarian teaching anxiety and the coping mechanisms that often accompany it and to compare those findings with those described by Showalter in “Teaching Literature”; also, to examine whether perceptions of librarians from both inside and outside the profession influence teaching anxiety.Design – A 35?item online questionnaire created using Zoomerang; a link to the questionnaire was distributed through the Information Literacy Instruction Listserv (ILI?L.Subjects – Subscribers to ILI?L. There were approximately 3,700 subscribers to ILI?L at the time of the study. This electronic mailing list is sponsored by the Instruction Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries and is moderated.Methods – As previously mentioned, a link to the questionnaire was distributed via the ILI?L. Requests for participation were sent to the list three times during the six weeks the survey was open for responses. The questionnaire consisted primarily of multiple choice questions, several with the option to enter a free text “Other” response, as well as four Likert?type questions. After the survey closed, the collected data was analyzed using SPSS. The article did not indicate when the survey was completed.Main Results – 687 responses were collected. Of those, 657 were completed. Surveys were assessed for accuracy, during which 305 responses were eliminated, resulting in 382 “viable” responses (84. Accuracy assessments consisted of throwing out surveys in which respondents answered questions inappropriately, however, an explanation of what constituted an inappropriate response is not included. Nearly three quarters of respondents (74% indicated they enjoyed teaching. This trend did not appear to be related to the number of years of experience as a librarian. The majority of respondents (58% had never taught full semester or quarter courses, whereas “virtually all” (86 had taught one?shot instructional sessions. Sixty?three percent of respondents noted being nervous prior to teaching. Although 40% of respondents noted having no physical symptoms of anxiety, of those who did, the main symptoms included sweating and upset stomach. Sixty?five percent of respondents noted experiencing mental or emotional symptoms, mainly identified as worries about being sufficiently prepared and answering tough questions (40% and fear of public speaking (27%. These mental and emotional symptoms were noted to occur often in the case of 29% of respondents, and at least some of the time in 41% of respondents. Nearly three quarters of the respondents reported using personal strategies for dealing with teaching anxiety, including over?preparation, joining groups where they were able to practice public speaking, and prayer. Most (84% did not have routines or rituals that they followed prior to teaching.Some additional findings were presented regarding librarians’ perceptions of themselves as well as perceptions of librarians by other faculty. Eighty?four percent of respondents agreed or somewhat agreed that there are many differences in the roles and duties of librarians and paraprofessionals, while 78% agreed or somewhat agreed that faculty do not understand the librarian’s teaching role. Thirty?five percent noted defending teaching roles to other librarians.Conclusion – The role of librarians in academic institutions continues to evolve and include more teaching. As an increasing number of librarians regularly teach and move to teaching semester?long credit courses, the subject of teaching anxiety will continue to grow in importance. This small study draws attention to the need for more research in this area.

  6. Working Together: Librarian and Student Collaboration for Active Learning in a Library Eclassroom


    Marcie Lynne Jacklin; Heather Pfaff


    Active learning strategies based on several learning theories were incorporated during instruction sessions for second year Biological Sciences students. The instructional strategies described in this paper are based primarily on sociocultural and collaborative learning theory, with the goal being to expand the relatively small body of literature currently available that discusses the application of these learning theories to library instruction. The learning strategies employed successfully ...

  7. Student and Teacher Self-Efficacy and the Connection to Reading and Writing (United States)

    Corkett, Julie; Hatt, Blaine; Benevides, Tina


    Self-efficacy or the belief in one's ability (Bandura, 1977) on the part of both teachers and students is thought to be directly related to teacher and student success. Few studies have compared teacher efficacy, student efficacy, and student ability at once. This study examined the relationship between teacher self-efficacy, student

  8. What inspires South African student teachers for their future profession?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Charl, Wolhuter; Hannes, van der Walt; Ferdinand, Potgieter; Louisa, Meyer; Thapelo, Mamiala.

    Full Text Available The need for an inspired professional teacher corps to haul South African school education out of its current low level of quality was the driving force behind this project. Its aim was to determine what counted as sources of inspiration for student teachers and hence for future teachers. Based on a [...] conceptual-theoretical study, a questionnaire that could probe student teachers' sources of inspiration was completed by a sample of student teachers (n = 1,683). A factor analysis of their responses revealed the following as their sources of inspiration, from most to least important: (extended) family, religion, the teacher education institution, teaching practice, friends, and personal life. A comparison with similar research elsewhere revealed that, in this sample of respondents, considerations, such as education being the only accessible profession or being forced to enter the teaching profession because of economic circumstances, did not figure at all.

  9. The image of health sciences librarians: how we see ourselves and how patrons see us.


    Blackwelder, M. B.


    A survey was conducted to solicit data related to health professionals image of librarians. Physicians, residents, nurses, medical students, dentists, pharmacists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists were questioned about their experiences with and opinions of librarians, particularly the skills and characteristics needed by helpful, successful librarians. Health sciences librarians were also questioned about their own professional image and their perceptions of their patrons' im...

  10. Digital Divide between Teachers and Students in Urban Bangladesh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalid, Md. Saifuddin


    Telecom boom since 2000 and ‘Digital Bangladesh’ campaign since late 2008 created significant nationwide hype, resulting rapid increase in the use of digital devices. While studies are being conducted to use the ability of “power users of technology” for reducing digital divide, there is hardly any data available on them in Bangladesh context. A study was conducted to study the digital divide and ICT usage pattern among the urban students and teachers of schools and colleges in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. About 75 students enrolled in probability and statistics course of Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) in autumn 2009 participated in conducting survey activities. Total 33 academic institutes were south for approval and 11 could be surveyed before the Christmas and annual recess. Responses from 6 other academics institutes were collected from the personal networks of students. A questionnaire was developed based on initial semi-structured interview with randomly selected students from these academic institutions. The 41-question questionnaire was developed to study the usage of computer, internet, mobile and other handheld devices, radio, television and CD/DVD players. A slightly different questionnaire was developed for teachers. 965 students and 185 teachers participated in the survey. Among student respondents 37% were from English Medium and 63% from Bangla medium institutions. From class VI –XII, the survey group represent the secondary and higher secondary education level in Bangladesh. Male respondents were 53% and female 43%, remaining are missing. Responses collected using paper-based questionnaires were put on a learning management system’s (LMS) questionnaire survey module. Irrespective of type of ICT device higher percentage of English medium students ‘own’ and know ‘how to use’ compared to Bangla medium students. Significantly higher percentage of students can use and own desktop, laptop, cellphone, iPOD and MP3 player. While teachers mostly use computers for work (73%), study (45%) and listening music (34%), students use for playing games (63%), listening musing (62%) and study (44%). 69% teachers and 66% students use social networking sites. Top three online activities for students are music (53%), games (47%) and chat (42%), for teachers these are study (55%), chat (40%) and music (33%). Students use more mobile features than teachers. Interestingly 59% teachers and 61% students have more than one SIM card. More than 50% of students and teachers use mobile for listening radio. 55% or more teachers and 67% or more students ‘own’ a desktop. 90% or more teachers and 74% or more students ‘know how to use’ desktop computer. Further study is required to gain insight into digital divide and associated reasons in four different educations systems in Bangladesh.

  11. Students discussing their mathematical ideas: the role of the teacher (United States)

    Pijls, Monique; Dekker, Rijkje


    This article adds to current research on enhancing student discourse in mathematics teaching specifically in secondary schools but with equal relevance to elementary schools. Three mathematics teachers in secondary education were confronted with the question of how to encourage students to discuss their work with each other in the daily practice of their mathematical lessons. In response to this question the teachers devised three different approaches to encourage student discourse. One of the teachers chose to experiment with another setting to perform mathematical tasks that involved students working together on a group test. The second teacher experimented with a new kind of help when students were working on their maths tasks and asked for assistance. The third created a new setting in which the teacher (temporarily) did not provide mathematical hints and the students had to solve their own problems. The three teachers were very motivated, but they all had difficulties in not giving explanations themselves when supporting their students in their collaborative mathematical learning. They found that temporarily diminishing their product help stimulated discussion between students. It also became clear that the process of teacher reflection and follow-up discussions with the researcher/observers promoted changes of practice.

  12. Selling students short: Racial differences in teachers' evaluations of high, average, and low performing students. (United States)

    Irizarry, Yasmiyn


    Education scholars document notable racial differences in teachers' perceptions of students' academic skills. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, this study advances research on teacher perceptions by investigating whether racial differences in teachers' evaluations of first grade students' overall literacy skills vary for high, average, and low performing students. Results highlight both the overall accuracy of teachers' perceptions, and the extent and nature of possible inaccuracies, as demonstrated by remaining racial gaps net literacy test performance. Racial differences in teachers' perceptions of Black, non-White Latino, and Asian students (compared to White students) exist net teacher and school characteristics and vary considerably across literacy skill levels. Skill specific literacy assessments appear to explain the remaining racial gap for Asian students, but not for Black and non-White Latino students. Implications of these findings for education scholarship, gifted education, and the achievement gap are discussed. PMID:26004478

  13. “Whole Teacher” Crisis: Examining Pre-service Student Teachers’ Perceptions of Professionalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minsun Shin


    Full Text Available The changing nature of teacher professionalism presents an important challenge to teachereducation programs. Teacher professionalism can be broadly defined as the set of teachers’professional knowledge, skills, and dispositions. However, with the increased accountabilityand standards movement, professionalism in education often overemphasizes accountabilityby prioritizing knowledge and skills over dispositions. The move in the field toward‘professionalization’ has generally resulted in systematic reform and professionaldevelopment rather than promoted ‘professionalism.’ This paper explored pre-serviceundergraduate students’ perceptions of teacher professionalism at a major university in NewJersey. The results indicated that the students focused more on ‘performance’ and‘external/outward aspects’ and less on recognizing the complexity and dynamics of theteaching and learning process. The study argues that teacher education programs must beredesigned so that pre-service students have the opportunity to discuss and develop properdispositions, reflect upon their perceptions, and enhance teacher professionalism.

  14. Teacher Education and Black Male Students in the United States


    H. Richard Milner; Amber Pabon; Ashley Woodson; Ebony McGee


    Teacher education programs in the United States (U.S.) struggle to prepare teachers to meet the complex needs of elementary and secondary students in public schools - especially those of color, those living in poverty, and those whose first language is not English. In this article, we argue for focused attention on preparing educators to teach African American male students as these students face particular institutional challenges in successfully navigating the U.S. public school system. Dra...

  15. Inclusion Through Exclusion: Teachers’ Perspectives on Teaching Students with Autism


    Vanja Lozic


    Today the number of Swedish students attending schools for students in the need of special educational support, due to their difficulties to reach intended learning outcomes, has increased. The article describes some challenges teachers working with children with high functioning autism face. The study is based on interviews with six-form colleges teachers working in a Swedish school for students with high functioning autism. Questions that are raised in this study are: How do...

  16. Dynamic Synchronization of Teacher - Students Affection in Affective Instruction


    Wenhai Zhang; Jiamei Lu


    Based on Bower’s affective network theory, the article links the dynamic analysis of affective factors in affective instruction, and presents affective instruction strategic of dynamic synchronization between teacher and students to implement the best ideal mood that promotes students’ cognition and affection together. In the process of teaching, the main mood of teacher and students varies spirally from unbalance through balance to unbalance, ultimately attains affective balance ...

  17. Student Teachers’ Attitude towards Twitter for Educational Aims


    Mari?n, Victoria I.; Gemma Tur


    This paper presents an educational experience with 100 student teachers from different courses of the University of the Balearic Islands (Spain) in which Twitter is used for various different activities. The aim of this experiment was to explore student teachers’ perceptions in order to value their attitude towards Twitter for educational aims. Afterwards, students were asked to write down their reflections on an eportfolio. Data was collected from their eportfolio evidence, which was analy...

  18. Role of Foreign Language Teacher Shaping Students’ Research Skills

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    Olga Vladimirovna Lopatina


    Full Text Available Nowadays many foreign language teachers are not enough aware about the significance of the research component within their profile discipline, arguing that students even in their native language do not have enough use of fundamentals in their scientific professional activities. Therefore, this article is aimed to study the role of foreign language teacher when mastering students’ research skills in the process of learning English as a foreign language. The study results have confirmed that process of mastering students’ research skills when learning foreign language is directly connected with their teacher’s own research skill level. These article materials have practical value both for foreign language teachers and for students enrolled for foreign languages programs of education sciences faculties at high schools.

  19. Algebra I Teachers’ Perceptions of Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities

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    Tony Thompson


    Full Text Available Although numerous studies have focused on teachers’ perceptions of inclusion, there is a scarcity of subject-specific research on their perceptions of a specific disability. In this study, 63 Algebra I teachers in 27 school districts in Alabama were surveyed to uncover their perceptions of teaching students with learning disabilities (LD and factors that might affect these perceptions. The results indicated that Algebra I teachers do not have an overall favorable perception of teaching students with LD in inclusive classrooms. Collaboration with a special education teacher and the number of students with LD in the general education classroom were found to significantly contribute to Algebra I teachers’ perceptions of teaching students with LD.

  20. Academic Expectations of Australian Students from Aboriginal, Asian and Anglo Backgrounds: Perspectives of Teachers, Trainee-Teachers and Students (United States)

    Dandy, Justine; Durkin, Kevin; Barber, Bonnie L.; Houghton, Stephen


    There are ethnic group differences in academic achievement among Australian students, with Aboriginal students performing substantially below and Asian students above their peers. One factor that may contribute to these effects is societal stereotypes of Australian Asian and Aboriginal students, which may bias teachers' evaluations and…

  1. Quality of Student Paper Sources Improves after Individual Consultation with Librarians. A Review of: Reinsfelder, T. L. (2012. Citation analysis as a tool to measure the impact of individual research consultations. College & Research Libraries, 73(3, 263-277.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Newton Miller


    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether the quality of sources used for a research paper will improve after a student receives one-on-one instruction with a librarian. To test citation analysis and a rating scale as means for measuring effectiveness of one-on-one consultations.Design – Citation analysis.Setting – Academic library of a large American university.Subjects – Papers from 10 courses were evaluated. In total, 76 students were asked to meet with librarians. Of these, 61 actually participated. Another 36 students from the control group were not asked to meet with a librarian (although 1 partook in a consultation.Methods – Librarians invited faculty to participate in a new service to help improve quality of student research papers. Eligible courses included those with a required research paper component where papers could be evaluated at different times in the project. Faculty instructed students in the class to meet with the librarian after a first draft of a paper was written. Students from seven courses were asked to meet with a librarian. Courses included English Composition (2, Geography (1, Child Development (1, Occupational Therapy (1, Marketing (1 and Women Writers (1. Three courses acted as control groups (all English Composition. After meeting with students to make recommendations, librarians used a rating scale (measuring relevancy, authority, appropriate dates and scope to review the quality of sources in both drafts and final papers.Main Results – One-on-one consultations with a librarian resulted in sources being of a higher quality in the final paper. With the exception of authority, the differences between draft and final paper were statistically significant in all measures (overall quality, relevance, dates and scope. Those in the control group showed no improvement in quality of sources between draft and final paper.Conclusion – Quality of sources in final paper improves after one-on-one consultations with librarians. The use of a rating scale is helpful in objectively measuring quality of sources, although there is potential for subjective interpretation.

  2. A Study of the Classroom Behavior of Elementary School Teachers and Students. (United States)

    Yang, Myau-Fen

    This study investigated the teaching and learning behaviors of elementary school teachers and students, ascertaining student teachers' ratings of the observed behavior and comparing student teachers' and elementary teachers' ratings of behavior. A total of 84 elementary teachers and 25 third-year science education majors from Taiwan participated…

  3. Can a student learn optimally from two different teachers?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We explore the effects of over-specificity in learning algorithms by investigating the behavior of a student, suited to learn optimally from a teacher B, learning from a teacher B' ? B. We only considered the supervised, on-line learning scenario with teachers selected from a particular family. We found that, in the general case, the application of the optimal algorithm to the wrong teacher produces a residual generalization error, even if the right teacher is harder. By imposing mild conditions to the learning algorithm form, we obtained an approximation for the residual generalization error. Simulations carried out in finite networks validate the estimate found.

  4. Can a student learn optimally from two different teachers?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neirotti, J P [Neural Computing Research Group, Aston University, Birmingham (United Kingdom)], E-mail:


    We explore the effects of over-specificity in learning algorithms by investigating the behavior of a student, suited to learn optimally from a teacher B, learning from a teacher B' {ne} B. We only considered the supervised, on-line learning scenario with teachers selected from a particular family. We found that, in the general case, the application of the optimal algorithm to the wrong teacher produces a residual generalization error, even if the right teacher is harder. By imposing mild conditions to the learning algorithm form, we obtained an approximation for the residual generalization error. Simulations carried out in finite networks validate the estimate found.

  5. Helping students make meaning of authentic investigations: findings from a student-teacher-scientist partnership (United States)

    Peker, Deniz; Dolan, Erin


    As student-teacher-scientist partnerships become more widespread, there is a need for research to understand the roles assumed by scientists and teachers as they interact with students in general and in inquiry learning environments in particular. Although teacher roles during inquiry learning have been studied, there is a paucity of research about the roles that scientists assume in their interactions with students. Socio-cultural perspectives on learning emphasize social interaction as a means for students to make meaning of scientific ideas. Thus, this naturalistic study of classroom discourse aims to explore the ways scientists and teachers help high school students make meaning during authentic inquiry investigations. Conversational analysis is conducted of video recordings of discussions between students and teachers and students and scientists from two instances of a student-teacher-scientist partnership program. A social semiotic analytic framework is used to interpret the actions of scientists and teachers. The results indicate a range of common and distinct roles for scientists and teachers with respect to the conceptual, social, pedagogical, and epistemological aspects of meaning making. While scientists provided conceptual and epistemological support related to their scientific expertise, such as explaining scientific phenomena or aspects of the nature of science, teachers played a critical role in ensuring students' access to this knowledge. The results have implications for managing the division of labor between scientists and teachers in partnership programs.

  6. Helping students make meaning of authentic investigations: findings from a student–teacher–scientist partnership (United States)

    Dolan, Erin


    As student–teacher–scientist partnerships become more widespread, there is a need for research to understand the roles assumed by scientists and teachers as they interact with students in general and in inquiry learning environments in particular. Although teacher roles during inquiry learning have been studied, there is a paucity of research about the roles that scientists assume in their interactions with students. Socio-cultural perspectives on learning emphasize social interaction as a means for students to make meaning of scientific ideas. Thus, this naturalistic study of classroom discourse aims to explore the ways scientists and teachers help high school students make meaning during authentic inquiry investigations. Conversational analysis is conducted of video recordings of discussions between students and teachers and students and scientists from two instances of a student–teacher–scientist partnership program. A social semiotic analytic framework is used to interpret the actions of scientists and teachers. The results indicate a range of common and distinct roles for scientists and teachers with respect to the conceptual, social, pedagogical, and epistemological aspects of meaning making. While scientists provided conceptual and epistemological support related to their scientific expertise, such as explaining scientific phenomena or aspects of the nature of science, teachers played a critical role in ensuring students' access to this knowledge. The results have implications for managing the division of labor between scientists and teachers in partnership programs. PMID:23828722

  7. Learning to Teach as Situated Learning: An Examination of Student Teachers as Legitimate Peripheral Participants in Cooperating Teachers' Classrooms (United States)

    McDonald, Eric J.

    Learning to teach science well is a complex endeavor and student teaching provides a time for emerging teachers to learn how to reason in this uncertain landscape. Many pre-service teachers have rated student teaching as a very important part of their teacher education program (Koerner, Rust, & Baumgartner, 2002; Levine, 2006) and there is little doubt that this aspect of teacher preparation has a great impact (Wilson, Floden, Ferrinin-Mundy, 2001). It is surprising, therefore, that the interaction between the cooperating teacher and student teacher represents a gap in the literature (Cochran-Smith & Zeichner, 2005). In fact, little effort has been made in science education "to understand the contributions of cooperating teachers and teacher educators" (p. 322). Research is needed into not only how teacher preparation programs can help pre-service teachers make this transition from student teacher to effective teacher but also how the expertise of the cooperating teacher can be a better articulated part of the development of the student teacher. This instrumental case study examines the nature and substance of the cooperating teacher/student teacher conversations and the changes in those conversations over time. Using the theoretical framework of situated learning (Lave & Wenger, 1991; Lave, 1996) the movement of the student teacher from their position on the periphery of practice toward a more central role is examined. Three cooperating teacher/student teacher pairs provided insight into this important time with case data coming from pre and post interviews, baseline surveys, weekly update surveys, and recorded conversations from the pair during their time together. Four major themes emerged from the cases and from cross case comparisons with implications for student teachers regarding how they react to greater responsibility, cooperating teachers regarding how they give access to the community of practice, and the teacher preparation community regarding the role it plays in helping to facilitate this process.

  8. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships in Indonesia: Profiles and Importance to Student Motivation (United States)

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; den Brok, Perry; Bosker, Roel


    This study was designed to investigate the distribution of interpersonal profiles based on students' and teachers' perceptions and to examine the associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and learning motivation in Indonesia. Participants were 1900 secondary school students (grades 7 to 9) across 66 (Mathematics…

  9. Teacher Goal Endorsement, Student Achievement Goals and Student Achievement in Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study (United States)

    Deevers, Matthew D.


    This study investigated relationships among teacher practices, student motivation and student achievement on standardized mathematics assessments using an Achievement Goal Theory framework. From 2006 through 2009, 800 public school students participated in mathematics assessments and completed surveys measuring perceptions of teacher practices and…

  10. The Student as Pygmalion: Effect of Student Expectation on the Teacher. (United States)

    Feldman, Robert S.; Prohaska, Thomas


    Two experiments examined the possibility that student expectations regarding teacher competence can be communicated to the teacher and bring about expected behavior. Results showed significant differences in student attitudes, performance, and nonverbal behavior according to expectation. Positive and negative nonverbal student behaviors had…

  11. Iranian University Teachers' and Students' Views on Effectiveness of Students' Evaluation of Teaching (United States)

    Shirbagi, Naser


    The main purpose of this research is to examine the effectiveness of Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) from a sample of university teachers' and students' view. The study adopts exploratory descriptive design. Participants of this research were 300 teachers and 600 graduate students from 3 Iranian higher education institutions. A 30-item format…

  12. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

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    Leslie G. Vandevoort


    Full Text Available Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students’ academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evidence to support their claim that teachers’ who meet the standards set by the Board were superior in promoting academic achievement to those who did not meet those standards. In the 17 years since the founding of the National Board, only a few empirical studies have addressed this important issue. In this study we compare the academic performance of students in the elementary classrooms of 35 National Board Certified teachers and their non-certified peers, in 14 Arizona school districts. Board Certified teachers and their principals provide additional information about these teachers and their schools. Four years of results from the Stanford Achievement Tests in reading, mathematics and language arts, in grades three through six, were analyzed. In the 48 comparisons (four grades, four years of data, three measures of academic performance, using gain scores adjusted for students’ entering ability, the students in the classes of National Board Certified Teachers surpassed students in the classrooms of non-Board certified teachers in almost threequarters of the comparisons. Almost one-third of these differences were statistically significant. In the cases where the students of non-Board certified teachers gained more in an academic year, none of the differences found were statistically significant. Effect size, translated into grade equivalents, informs us that the gains made by students of Board Certified teachers were over one month greater than the gains made by the students of non-Board certified peer teachers. Teachers identified through the assessments of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards are, on average, more effective teachers in terms of academic achievement, one of the many outcomes of education for which teachers are responsible. This study does not address whether other, cheaper, or better alternatives to the National Boards exist, as some critics suggest. On the other hand, the results of this study provide support for the policies in many states that honor and provide extra remuneration for National Board Certified Teachers.

  13. Chinese Teachers’ Professional Identity and Beliefs about the Teacher-Student Relationships in an Intercultural Context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Li; Du, Xiangyun


    This paper presents a qualitative study of immigrant Chinese teachers’ professional identity and beliefs about the teacher-student relationship in an intercultural context. Theoretically, this study takes its departure from a sociocultural perspective on understanding professional identity. The empirical analysis in the study drew mainly upon ethnographic interviews with a group of Chinese language teachers in Denmark concerning their life experiences, perceptions, and beliefs. The results of this study suggest that teachers’ beliefs about their roles as teachers and about student-teacher relationships are shaped by both their prior experiences and backgrounds and the current social and cultural contexts in which they are situated. Changes of context (e.g., from China to Denmark) often lead to a transformation of their professional identity and beliefs. Being a teacher in an intercultural context often exposes them to the confrontation of diverse challenges and dilemmas. On one hand, teachers in this study generally experienced a transformation from being a moral role model, subject expert, authority and parental role to being a learning facilitator and culture worker. On the other hand, they developed diverse individualized coping strategies to handle student-teacher interactions and other aspects of teachers’ professional identity.

  14. Biology student teachers’ ideas about purpose of laboratory work

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    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate biology student teachers’ ideas about the purpose of laboratory work in teaching biology. Data has been collected from 82 participating students using an open-ended questionnaire and analyzed using content analysis techniques. The results show that almost all of the student teachers considered laboratory work an integral part of teaching biology. However, participating students focused on the verification of theoretical knowledge and laboratory techniques as the main purpose of laboratory work. Furthermore, most of the participating students ignored the purposes relating to scientific process skills and the nature of science. These results are compared with related literature and recommendations are provided.

  15. Helping students make meaning of authentic investigations: findings from a student–teacher–scientist partnership


    PEKER, Deniz; Dolan, Erin


    As student–teacher–scientist partnerships become more widespread, there is a need for research to understand the roles assumed by scientists and teachers as they interact with students in general and in inquiry learning environments in particular. Although teacher roles during inquiry learning have been studied, there is a paucity of research about the roles that scientists assume in their interactions with students. Socio-cultural perspectives on learning emphasize social interaction as ...

  16. Does Early Childhood Teacher Education Affect Students' Cognitive Orientations?

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    Christoph Mischo


    Full Text Available Early childhood teachers may differ regarding the knowledge base they use when making professional decisions. In this study two orientations are distinguished: the orientation towards scientific knowledge vs. the orientation towards intuition and subjective experience. As different tracks in early childhood teacher education qualify for professional practice, and as education of early childhood teachers matters with regard to developmental outcomes of children, knowledge orientations of prospective early childhood teachers attending universities and attending vocational schools are investigated and compared. Knowledge orientations were assessed by means of a questionnaire. After propensity score matching of 402 beginners and 402 graduates, multilevel analyses indicate that scientific orientation at the end of teacher education was higher and subjective orientation was lower than at the beginning. Furthermore, scientific knowledge orientation of BA-students was higher, subjective orientation was lower than of students at professional schools. Implications of these results regarding education of early childhood teachers are discussed.

  17. Schema Theory and Categorization of Student and Teacher Metaphors

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    Ebrahim Khodadady


    Full Text Available This study explored whether the metaphors written by 504 Iranian learners of English and 140 English teachers behaved like semantic features of the schemata they likened themselves to.  The 239 student and 249 teacher metaphors elicited from the participants were submitted to four raters who assigned them to 13 conceptual categories established by Saban, Kocbeker, and Saban (2007. The statistical analysis of data showed that the categories behave as collective knowledge because there is no significant difference in the frequency of student metaphors written by both students and teachers who view students as passive recipients of knowledge, developing organisms and absolute compliants. Students and teachers, however, differ significantly as regards teacher categories. While the highest percentage of students metaphorised their teachers as facilitators/scaffolders, the teachers assigned a counselor’s role to themselves, indicating that metaphors are sensitive to social positions. Since the categories are pretty stable over age, proficiency level, years and fields of study as well as experience, they reflect the ever-evolving nature of schema in the variety of metaphors with which the categories are depicted and thus reflect the reality of language learning and teaching in Iran.


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    Full Text Available The present study is an attempt to examine relationship between emotional intelligence & effectiveness of teaching of student teachers. The roles & importance of emotional intelligence skill characteristics of effective teachers are illustrated. To achieve the goals & expectations of education in the 21st century the international inclusion & development of emotional intelligence skills in teacher preparation programs and student development programs are needed the tools used for the study are by Kumar & Mutha for teacher effectiveness and emotional intelligence scale by Anukool Hyde & Pearson product moment correlation test, T-test & simple random sampling is used & the researcher has collected sample of 100 student- teachers of B.Ed college of Gulbarga district.

  19. Implications of Teacher-Student Relationships in Social Work Education (United States)

    Ho, Man Keung


    Changes toward a more egalitarian teacher-student relationship are discussed, including elimination of the academic caste system, increased faculty encouragement of student autonomy, reconstruction of fieldwork experiences, increased student involvement in school administration, and individual instruction based on contract. (Editor/PG)

  20. What Factors Influence a Teacher's Commitment to Student Learning? (United States)

    Dannetta, Vincent


    Study of the personal, organizational, student-related factors influencing teacher commitment to student learning. Finds, for example, that among personal factors intrinsic rewards are more important than extrinsic rewards, that among organization factors collegiality is an important influence on commitment to student learning, and that among…

  1. Teacher, Parent and Student Perceptions of the Motives of Cyberbullies (United States)

    Compton, Louise; Campbell, Marilyn A.; Mergler, Amanda


    Understanding the motivation of students who cyberbully is important for both prevention and intervention efforts for this insidious form of bullying. This qualitative exploratory study used focus groups to examine the views of teachers, parents and students as to the motivation of students who cyberbully and who bully in other traditional forms.…

  2. Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project (United States)

    Earp, Vanessa


    Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to…

  3. Algebra I Teachers’ Perceptions of Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities


    Tony Thompson; Angela Lusk; Daane, C. J.


    Although numerous studies have focused on teachers’ perceptions of inclusion, there is a scarcity of subject-specific research on their perceptions of a specific disability. In this study, 63 Algebra I teachers in 27 school districts in Alabama were surveyed to uncover their perceptions of teaching students with learning disabilities (LD) and factors that might affect these perceptions. The results indicated that Algebra I teachers do not have an overall favorable perception of teaching stu...

  4. Prosocial behaviour of students from teachers point of view


    Mervar, Maja


    The diploma thesis deals with prosocial behaviour of primary school children observed from teachers’ point of view. Teachers are viewed as significant factor in the socialization process of children with their working methods and personality enhancing children’s social experiences. Nowadays, teachers should focus not only on teaching, but on educating their students as well. Youth violence and aggressive behaviour should not be tolerated; prosocial behaviour of children therefore needs to...

  5. Line Up Your Ducks! Teachers First!: Teachers and Students Learning With Laptops in a Teacher Action Research Project

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    Teresa Strong-Wilson


    Full Text Available Teachers are increasingly expected to incorporate technology into their practices. However, they need experiences with using new technologies in their classrooms and support to talk about and reflect on those experiences.“Teachers first” was one of the main principles that Lankshear and Synder (2000 identified as key to teachers incorporating new technologies into their practice. To put this principle into place, you need to “line up your ducks”: there needs to be a structure, sustained support for that structure, and opportunities for active teacher participation. This article links findings from the first year of the “Learning with Laptops” project by focusing on the most experienced “teacher learners” and connects it with the research literature on teacher and student engagement. The findings contribute support for the principle: teachers (as learners first!

  6. On Cartographies of Anti-Homophobia in Teacher Education (and the Crisis of Witnessing Rural Student Teacher Refusals) (United States)

    McConaghy, Cathryn


    This paper explores the problem of student refusals in a rural Australian teacher education programme as a problem located in particular spatialised social relations. Drawing upon teacher educator reflections and student online discussions, the paper documents a situated approach to anti-homophobia teacher education: one in which student

  7. Listening Ability of Physical Education Teacher Department and Classroom Teacher Department Students on Interpersonal Communication

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    O?uzhan YONCALIK


    Full Text Available In the educational process “listening” is taking an important role like interpersonal communication. So, it is possible to increase the activity of teacher in communication between teacher and student by gaining and strengthening the “listening ability”. In the point of this view, the purpose of this study was to find out interpersonalcommunication ability level of classroom and physical education teacher department students and make some suggestions.For this purpose, 150 classroom teacher and 150 physical education teacher department students voluntarily join the study. A questionnaire, validity and reliability tests were done, applied the samples. Researchers were applied percentage, frequency, mean and t-test for statistical analysis by using SPSS statistical program.In the result; listening ability of both classroom teacher department and physical education teacher department students was “medium level”. There was no significant difference between gender and different department students on “listening ability” and finally it was an important foundation to think about that students(except two of them did not have “the best listening ability”.

  8. Student Teachers' Images of Science in Ecology and Genetics (United States)

    Jordan, Rebecca; Duncan, Ravit Golan


    Research has shown that practising and pre-service science teachers often hold naive and uninformed views of the nature of science (NOS). In this study we examined the discipline-specific nature of pre-service teachers' views of the NOS. We report on the conceptions of ecology research held by university students as compared to a discipline…

  9. Becoming an Art Teacher: Storied Reflections of Two Preservice Students (United States)

    Unrath, Kathleen; Kerridge, Daria


    This descriptive research focuses on the teaching experiences of two preservice art education interns and the meanings they attributed to their student teaching field experience. Of interest is how these preservice teacher interns have experientially formulated ideas on what it means to be an art teacher and how their traits of altruism, artistic…

  10. A Teacher's Perspective: Using Students' Experience to Understand Science (United States)

    Renote Jean-Fran?ois, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Boston Public Schools


    Can students use their knowledge of natural phenomena to make sense of science in school? How can teachers use this knowledge to construct meaning in the classroom? Renote Jean-Fran?ois, an English-as-a-second-language and literacy teacher in the Sheltered English Instruction program at the Woodrow Wilson Middle School, Boston, Massachusetts, shares her perspective.

  11. Diesel Technology: Introduction. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition. Second Edition. (United States)

    Joerschke, John D.; Eichhorn, Lane

    This complete teacher edition of a diesel technology course consists of introductory pages, teacher pages, and the student edition. The introductory pages provide these tools: training and competency profile; National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation Crosswalk; instructional/task analysis; basic skills icons and classifications; basic…

  12. Environmental Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Student Teachers (United States)

    Esa, Norizan


    Within this decade of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), educational institutions need to increase their efforts to educate their students for a sustainable future. Teachers are most influential in educating children and teenagers to be leaders of tomorrow in protecting the environment. Thus, aspiring teachers should demonstrate…

  13. Principal and Teacher Beliefs about Leadership Implications for Student Performance (United States)

    Jackson, Jerri C.


    The goal of this study was to examine whether the leadership style of principals affects teacher and student performance. The study includes an elementary, middle, and high school principal along with two teachers from each school who worked at schools that were in good standing from 2007-2011. Each school made adequate yearly progress (AYP) each…

  14. Using Online Blogs to Develop Student Teachers' Behaviour Management Approaches (United States)

    Reupert, Andrea; Dalgarno, Barney


    This paper reports on a study involving 74 third and 17 fourth year student teachers enrolled in a Bachelor of Education (Primary) course at an Australian regional, multi-campus university. These pre-service primary teachers completed the single semester, compulsory subject Managing the Learning Environment, which involves the application of…

  15. Ethnicity, Teachers' Expectations, and Students' Performances in Ontario Schools. (United States)

    Clifton, Rodney A.; Bulcock, Jeffrey W.


    Research examines the difference in academic achievement between Yiddish-speaking and French-speaking students. Results indicate that teachers base expectations on intellectual ability and previous performance rather than on ethnicity. (RB)

  16. Elementary Teachers' Attitudes toward Mainstreaming Educable Mentally Retarded Students. (United States)

    Reynolds, Bill J.; And Others


    There were no significant overall differences in responses based on teacher age, academic training, teaching experience, grade level, and prior teaching experience with mainstreamed EMR students. However, individual responses indicated positive attitudes toward and acceptance of mainstreaming EMR children. (CL)

  17. Teacher Recruitment in Context: Differences between Danish and Finnish Beginning Teacher Education Students (United States)

    Reimer, David; Dorf, Hans


    Against the background of differing admission selectivity, structure, and status of teacher education in Denmark and Finland, we analyze the extent to which beginning teacher education students differ with respect to previous educational pathways, socio-demographic characteristics, academic self-concepts, and occupational motivations. In both…

  18. Balancing Teacher and Student Roles in Elementary Classrooms: Preservice Elementary Teachers' Learning about the Inquiry Continuum (United States)

    Biggers, Mandy; Forbes, Cory T.


    Using the National Research Council's inquiry continuum framework, we use a multiple-case study research design to investigate the teacher- and student-directedness of elementary preservice teachers' planned and enacted science lessons and their pedagogical reasoning about science instruction during a semester-long science methods course. Our…

  19. Development of Student Teachers’ Digital Competence in Teacher Education - A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Mørk Røkenes


    Full Text Available This article is a literature review of online peer-reviewed empirical studies from 2000 to 2013 regarding the development of digital competence of student teachers in teacher education qualified to teach in the secondary school grade level. The purpose of the review is to showcase and establish knowledge about empirical research on ICT-training in teacher education, and contribute with an overview of approaches for researchers, teacher educators, and policymakers on how teacher education develop student teachers’ digital competence for the secondary school grade level. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Based on a thematic analysis of the studies, including coding and categorization strategies, eight approaches were identified: collaboration, metacognition, blending, modeling, authentic learning, student-active learning, assessment, and bridging theory/practice gap. The approaches consider ways that teacher education programs promote student teachers’ digital competence, and educate them in professionally using ICT for their future use in school and classroom teaching in secondary education.

  20. Culture and perceptions of power in teacher-student communication


    Erpestad, Mikko


    The objective of this study was to find out if national culture impacts the phenomenon of power as it is found in teacher-student communication at the University of Jyväskylä. The study is pertinent and relevant because of the increasingly rapid internationalization that is happening in the Finnish higher education system. Understanding aspects of intercultural teacher-student communication will be important for the future. A qualitative research process was chosen for this study and the ...

  1. How Can Teachers Develop Students' Motivation -- and Success? (United States)

    Gary Hopkins

    This interview with Carol Dweck, professor of psychology at Columbia University, answers questions about types of motivation, with emphasis on performance (extrinsic) motivation vs. mastery (intrinsic) motivation. Questions address topics such as what teachers can do to help develop students who will work to overcome challenges rather than be overwhelmed by them, the challenge of the "gifted" label, and if self-esteem something that teachers can or should "give" to students. The site is easy reading, yet provides many useful insights.

  2. Competence of primary school teachers to teach students with dislexia


    Kogovšek, Darja


    The teacher is an expert in the provision of educational work, that should be qualified to teach also students with dyslexia. Teacher's knowledge of the causes and forms of dyslexia and ways of educating students with dyslexia is important to effectively adapt teaching methods. Therefore a major part of this thesis work is devoted to those aspects. There are also other factors exposed (family, school environment, collaboration with parents), which significantly contribute to providing the bes...

  3. Teacher and student views regarding the placement test


    Türkan Argon; Aylin Soysal


    The purpose of this study is to identify teacher and student views regarding the Placement Test (SBS). The research was undertaken with primary school teachers from Bolu central district (n=100) and students who were given the test during (n=100) 2009-2010 educational year. The study employing the survey model utilizes qualitative research methods. Data was collected by using interview forms which were later analyzed by content analysis. At the end of the study it was found that SBS creates f...

  4. Improving the Strategies High School Students Use To Conduct Research on the Internet by Teaching Essential Skills and Providing Practical Experience. (United States)

    Pierce, Anne F.

    Objectives of this practicum were to: increase student knowledge of how to use the Internet to carry out research; improve the competency of teachers, thereby enabling them to teach students to use Internet resources; and develop an instructional unit that could be used by students, teachers, and librarians to facilitate use of the Internet to…

  5. Institutional Leadership, Teacher’s Competence on Curricular Trends and Student’s Performance in Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camfel V. Balaud-Tabboga


    Full Text Available The study primarily aimed to determine whether there is a significant combined influence of institutional leadership in science education, and teachers' competence on curricular trends on students' performance in science education in private secondary schools in Region XI. Employing a descriptive-correlation design, this investigation was conducted in Region XI (Davao Region or Southern Mindanao with 233 purposively selected Science Teachers from private secondary high schools. A 20-item-researcher made Questionnaire was administered to them. The statistical tools used in the interpretation of data and the testing of the null hypothesis were the weighted mean, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and linear regression. Results show that the level of institutional leadership in science education among the high schools in Region XI is high as quantified by a mean value of 4.43. There is a high level of teacher's competence on various curricular trends, which is quantified by an overall mean value of 4.31. It was also noted that the students' performance in science is low as denoted by an overall mean of 24.20 out of the perfect score of 60. Out of the 10 divisions whose records were shared by the Dep Ed Region XI, only 2 have average ratings (G - 33.40, and I - 33.05. Statistical analysis shows that none of the two independent variables was able to establish a significant predictive influence on students' performance in science. There is also no combined predictive influence as revealed by an r2 of 21.0% with a p-value of 0.439 which is greater than 0.05.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Social anxiety causes individuals to fear situations. Many shy people feel so anxious when they are around others, that they start going out of their way to avoid any social situation. Many shy people avoid social situations altogether so they will not feel anxious and panic. By doing this, they will not have to worry about what they say sounding stupid, or most importantly, what others are thinking of them. Objectives: 1.To assess the impact of gender on life skills among studentteachers. 2. To assess the impact of gender on academic anxiety among student-teachers. 3. To assess the relationship between life skill and academic anxiety of student-teachers. Hypotheses: 1.There is no significant difference in life skills of boys and girls of student-teachers. 2. There is no significant difference in academic anxiety of boys and girls of student-teachers. 3. There is no significant relationship between life skills and academic anxiety of student-teachers. Sample: A sample of 100 student-teachers was randomly selected from Christian college of education, Anand in Gujarat. In terms of gender, it consisted of 60 boys and 40 girls.

  7. Teachers' Moral Values and Their Interpersonal Relationships with Students and Cultural Competence (United States)

    Pantic, Natasa; Wubbels, Theo


    This study explored whether and how teachers' beliefs about moral values are reflected in the student-teacher relationships (i.e. levels of control and affiliation in teachers' and students' perceptions of this relationship), and in teachers' cultural competence. A positive association was found between teachers' paternalist beliefs and their own…

  8. Conflict Management in Student Groups - a Teacher’s Perspective in Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Borg


    Full Text Available Students working in groups is a commonly used method of instruction in higher education, popularized by the introduction of problem based learning. As a result, management of small groups of people has become an important skill for teachers. The objective of our study is to investigate why conflicts arise in student groups at the Faculty of Engineering at Lund University and how teachers manage them. We have conducted an exploratory interdepartmental interview study on teachers' views on this matter, interviewing ten university teachers with different levels of seniority. Our results show that conflicts frequently arise in group work, most commonly caused by different levels of ambition among students. We also found that teachers prefer to work proactively against conflicts and stress the student’s responsibility. Finally, we show that teachers at our faculty tend to avoid the more drastic conflict resolution strategies suggested by previous research. The outcome of our study could be used as input to future guidelines on conflict management in student groups.

  9. Student and Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Immediacy Behaviors and the Influence of Teacher Immediacy Behaviors on Student Motivation to Learn Science (United States)

    Littlejohn, Vania

    The National Assessment on Educational Progress signals that American students are not being adequately prepared to compete globally in an ever changing scientific society. As a result, legislation mandated that all students be assessed and show proficiency in scientific literacy beginning in Grade 4 with the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2002 also known as No Child Left Behind. Research indicates a disturbing decline in the number of U.S. students pursuing more rigorous science courses in high school, majoring in scientific areas in college, and choosing future careers in science. With a need to improve science instruction and enhance science literacy for all students, this study focuses on immediate communication behaviors of the classroom teacher as a deciding factor in the opinions of high school students towards science. The purpose of this study was to reveal high school science student perceptions of teacher communication patterns, both verbal and nonverbal, and how they influence their motivation to learn science. The researcher utilized a nonexperimental, quantitative research design to guide this study. Teacher and student data were collected using the Teacher Communication Behavior Questionnaire (TCBQ). The Student Motivation to Learn Instrument (SMLI) across gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status survey was used to evaluate student motivation in science. Participants were encouraged to be honest in reporting and sharing information concerning teacher communication behaviors. The data revealed that teacher immediacy behaviors, both verbal and nonverbal, were perceived differently in terms of student gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic class. The results showed that teachers who display positive communication behaviors and use challenging questioning followed with positive responses create pathways to potentially powerful relationships. These relationships between teachers and students can lead to increased student motivation and academic achievement in the science classroom.

  10. New directions for academic liaison librarians

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    Crawford, Alice


    Aimed at practitioners and students of librarianship, this book is about interesting and unusual practical projects currently being run by academic liaison librarians. It shows how liaison librarians can extend their roles beyond the established one of information literacy teaching and showcases areas in which they can engage in collaborative ventures with academic and administrative staff. Designed to excite and inspire, New Directions for Academic Liaison Librarians demonstrates the potential of the liaison role and emphasises the need for flexibility, imagination and initiative in those who

  11. Students with Asperger's Syndrome in an Inclusive Secondary School Environment: Teachers', Parents', and Students' Perspectives (United States)

    Hay, Ian; Winn, Stephen


    This qualitative study used focus groups and interviews to investigate the inclusion of students with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) into secondary education from the perspectives of: general teachers; special education teachers; students with AS; and their parents (N = 122). Across the four cohorts, five main themes emerged, however, different cohorts…

  12. Fundamentals of Welding. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. Second Edition. (United States)

    Fortney, Clarence; Gregory, Mike; New, Larry

    Teacher and student editions and a student workbook for fundamentals of welding comprise the first of six in a series of competency-based instructional materials for welding programs. Introductory pages in the teacher edition are training and competency profile, instructional/task analysis, basic skills icons and classifications, basic skills…

  13. While representing teaching, I myself become a teacher: a research with Music student teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Ribeiro Bellochio


    Full Text Available The present paper derives from a research that aimed to investigaterepresentations about student teaching in the academic-professional formation of the undergraduate course in Music offered by the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (FUSM. Based on studies concerning teacher’s formation, supervised student teaching and musical education, this work aimed to understand and analyze the representations, beliefs, ideas and values of music students in relation to the student teaching model, as well as to understand the processes of genesis and transformation regarding the development of teaching as a whole. The fi ndings indicate that the representations of the supervised student teaching change along the formation and that the central aspect regarding teaching conveys the positive aspiration of being a “good music teacher” in different educational contexts.

  14. Effects of Sex and Setting on Students' Interpretation of Teachers' Excessive Use of Immediacy (United States)

    Rester, Carolyn H.; Edwards, Renee


    Using a message interpretation perspective, this study (N = 379) examined how sex of the student, sex of the teacher, and the setting affect the messages students receive from a teacher's excessive use of immediacy. Results reveal that students interpret excessive immediacy from female teachers as caring, but the same behavior from male teachers

  15. Streaming and Students’ Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Correspondence Bias


    Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui


    This  study  was  aimed  to  investigate  the  effect  of  students’ streaming  practice  in  Malaysian  secondary  on  students’  self-esteem  through teachers’ expectancy.   17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools  in  Penang,  Malaysia  were  participated  in  this  study.  Unstructured interviews  were  used  on  teachers  to  collect  the  qualitative  data  of  teachers’ expectancy.  The  participatin...

  16. Opinions of Upper Elementary Students about a "Good Teacher" (Case Study in Turkey). (United States)

    Aksoy, Naciye

    This study examined the opinions of 170 Turkish elementary students in grades 6-8 about what makes a good teacher. Students completed surveys that asked about how they would describe a good teacher, what a teacher should do to be good, and what they would do and would not do if they were good teachers. Questions were open-ended to elicit student

  17. Preparing Teachers to Support the Development of Climate Literate Students (United States)

    Haddad, N.; Ledley, T. S.; Ellins, K. K.; Bardar, E. W.; Youngman, E.; Dunlap, C.; Lockwood, J.; Mote, A. S.; McNeal, K.; Libarkin, J. C.; Lynds, S. E.; Gold, A. U.


    The EarthLabs climate project includes curriculum development, teacher professional development, teacher leadership development, and research on student learning, all directed at increasing high school teachers' and students' understanding of the factors that shape our planet's climate. The project has developed four new modules which focus on climate literacy and which are part of the larger Web based EarthLabs collection of Earth science modules. Climate related themes highlighted in the new modules include the Earth system with its positive and negative feedback loops; the range of temporal and spatial scales at which climate, weather, and other Earth system processes occur; and the recurring question, "How do we know what we know about Earth's past and present climate?" which addresses proxy data and scientific instrumentation. EarthLabs climate modules use two central strategies to help students navigate the multiple challenges inherent in understanding climate science. The first is to actively engage students with the content by using a variety of learning modes, and by allowing students to pace themselves through interactive visualizations that address particularly challenging content. The second strategy, which is the focus of this presentation, is to support teachers in a subject area where few have substantive content knowledge or technical skills. Teachers who grasp the processes and interactions that give Earth its climate and the technical skills to engage with relevant data and visualizations are more likely to be successful in supporting students' understanding of climate's complexities. This presentation will briefly introduce the EarthLabs project and will describe the steps the project takes to prepare climate literate teachers, including Web based resources, teacher workshops, and the development of a cadre of teacher leaders who are prepared to continue leading the workshops after project funding ends.

  18. When students become teachers: training period, research and teaching practice in the formation of indigenous teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Humberto Alves Corrêa


    Full Text Available The main traineeship theme in the Indigenous Teachers Training Course at the Federal University of Amazonas is one of the most important challenges in the college training of indigenous teachers. Since indigenous university students are already teachers in their villages, current investigation endeavors to answer the following questions: What kind of activities will characterize this training and which will compose the teachers' formation? How may research and teaching practice be articulated so that efforts and results may contribute towards teacher training and indigenous schools? Current research focuses on the experience of the Mura Class which is in its final year and finishing its traineeship. Traineeship has been a space-time opportunity for reflection and activities on the school and on the teaching practice to highlight teachers' training, qualify their professional insertions and, consequently, the work of the indigenous school.

  19. Time and project management strategies for librarians

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    Smallwood, Carol; Fraser, Lisa


    As budgets for libraries continue to shrink, the key challenge facing the 21st century librarian is finding how to do more with less. This book features more than thirty essays that provide valuable tips for the professional who must cope with increasing demands upon their resources. Librarians will get tips on how to identify the most important tasks for the library; eliminate non-essential functions and processes; increase reliance on volunteers, interns, and students; optimize daily routines; and more.

  20. Connecting with Aboriginal Students (United States)

    Gallagher-Hayashi, Diane


    In this article, the author stresses that teacher-librarians must make themselves aware of a variety of aspects of the local aboriginal culture as well as the differences in interpersonal interaction. Artwork, both student and professional, can make a library more beautiful. Posters or aboriginal role models should be mixed with non-aboriginal…

  1. Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians (United States)

    Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice


    This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

  2. Teacher Tweets Improve Achievement for Eighth Grade Science Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Van Vooren


    Full Text Available In the Digital Age teachers have fallen far behind the technical skills of their "digital native" students. The implementation of technology as a tool for classroom communication is foreign for most teachers, but highly preferred by students. While teenagers are using Facebook, Twitter, and other social networks to communicate, teachers continue to respond through face-to-face conversations, telephone calls, and email messaging. Twitter, a platform for short message service text, is an online social network site that allows users to send and receive messages using 140 characters or less called Tweets. To analyze the relationship of the teacher's use of Twitter with student academic achievement, a correlation study conducted by Bess collected data from two matched samples of eighth grade science students: one utilizing Twitter and one not utilizing Twitter to reinforce classroom instruction. Two tests matching the science standards were given to both samples of students. The results of the tests were used as primary data. The findings suggested a positive correlation between the use of Twitter and student performance on the standardized tests. Implications for this study indicate that young teenagers may prefer Twitter as a mode of communication with their teacher, resulting in higher academic achievement in a middle school science class.

  3. Holistic School Pedagogy and Values: Finnish Teachers' and Students' Perspectives (United States)

    Tirri, Kirsi


    The purpose of the study was to identify the components of holistic school pedagogy as identified by a sample of Finnish secondary school teachers and students from two schools. Holistic pedagogy concerns the development of the whole student and acknowledges the cognitive, social, moral, emotional and spiritual dimensions of education. The data…

  4. Pre-Service Teacher Beliefs about Student Motivation (United States)

    Bruening, Paige Shalter


    Student motivation is an important topic in teacher education and educational psychology. Although there is considerable research on what influences student motivation there seems to be a disconnect between theory and practice. One potential reason for this disconnect may be due to underlying beliefs about motivation. This dissertation attempts to…

  5. Teacher Judgment, Student Motivation, and the Mediating Effect of Attributions (United States)

    Zhou, Ji; Urhahne, Detlef


    Based on Weiner's attributional theory of intrapersonal motivation, the mediating effect of attributions between teacher judgment and student motivation was examined. In two studies, 144 German and 272 Chinese fourth-grade elementary school students were tested on their mathematical achievement, causal ascriptions for success and failure,…

  6. Judging Students' Achievement Goal Orientations: Are Teacher Ratings Accurate? (United States)

    Dicke, Anna-Lena; Ludtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich; Nagy, Gabriel; Nagy, Nicole


    Using the theoretical framework of achievement goal theory, this study investigated the accuracy of teachers' judgments of their students' motivation. Self-report data were gathered on the mastery, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals of 1140 German secondary school students (mean age = 14.24) in five academic subjects (English,…

  7. Formation of Mathematics Graduate Students' Mathematician-as-Teacher (United States)

    Beisiegel, Mary; Simmt, Elaine


    In this article, we explore the influence of mathematics graduate students' experiences with the teaching assistantships and texts that they encounter in their programs on their development and identity as teachers. We look to von Foerster's notion of trivial and non-trivial machines to interpret the graduate students' experiences and explain how…

  8. Teachers' Social Representation of Students with Asperger Diagnosis (United States)

    Linton, Ann-Charlotte; Germundsson, Per; Heimann, Mikael; Danermark, Berth


    While progress has been made for including students with disability into mainstream schools, trends point to problems for students with Asperger syndrome (AS) diagnosis who have a propensity to dropping out of school. Teachers' perceptions and understanding of AS will affect expectations and the attainment of educational targets. Thus, to…

  9. Discrepancies between Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Homework (United States)

    Hong, Eunsook; Wan, Min; Peng, Yun


    For homework to help students improve school achievement and develop responsibility and autonomy in academic endeavors in and out of school, the development of teachers' understanding of students' views about homework and their homework behaviors is critical. Whether the subject of the homework is mathematics, reading, or a second language,…

  10. Student-Teacher Collaboration: A Skateboard Project that Really Rocks! (United States)

    Moore, Tim


    As a teacher, the author gets his biggest charge from seeing students' eyes light up when he asks them a question related to a topic on which they are the experts and he is the novice. Skateboarding provides a prime example. Since most of his students have a personal interest and involvement in skateboarding, he introduced a skateboard project to…

  11. Syllabus Detail and Students' Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness (United States)

    Saville, Bryan K.; Zinn, Tracy E.; Brown, Allison R.; Marchuk, Kimberly A.


    Although syllabi provide students with important course information, they can also affect perceptions of teaching effectiveness. To test this idea, we distributed 2 versions of a hypothetical course syllabus, a brief version and a detailed version, and asked students to rate the teacher of the course on qualities associated with master teaching.…

  12. The Relationship between Teacher Immediacy and Student Motivation (United States)

    Velez, Jonathan J.; Cano, Jamie


    This descriptive correlational study examined the relationships between teacher immediacy and student motivation. Specifically, verbal and nonverbal independent variables were compared with dependent traits of expectancy-value and approach-avoidance motivation. Students self-reported perceived levels of instructor immediacy and self-rated their…

  13. Influence of Teachers' Behaviour on Students' Adaptation after School Transition (United States)

    Rupsiene, Liudmila; Kucinskiene, Ramute


    This research aimed to reveal how students' adaptation after a school transition is related to teachers' behaviour. The gross sample of the research consisted of 1078 students (from 159 schools, representing almost all municipalities of the country) and 999 of their parents. The main research instrument was questionnaires for both children and…

  14. Student Perceptions of the Teacher Image (United States)

    Friesen, David; Chalmers, Hal


    Author proposes that the traditional concept of the teacher as a servant of the community may act as a resistor to change and may have to be overcome before any significant change in the status of teachers can occur. (Author/RK)

  15. Teacher Perceptions of the Ideal High School Student in the State Religious Subsystem in Israel as Influenced by Teacher Profile (United States)

    Maslovaty, Nava


    This study presents a constructivistic viewpoint of the ranked order of ideal high school student traits as perceived by state religious teachers in Israel, and an explanation of their preferences based on the teachers' profile. The sample consisted of 357 junior high and high school teachers, who responded to a questionnaire containing 40 student

  16. Teachers' Estimates of Their Students' Motivation and Engagement: Being in Synch with Students (United States)

    Lee, Woogul; Reeve, Johnmarshall


    Being aware of, monitoring and responding constructively to students' signals of motivation and to students' signals of engagement represent two important teaching skills. We hypothesised, however, that teachers would better estimate their students' engagement than they would estimate their students' motivation. To test this hypothesis, Korean…

  17. Teachers Creating Safe School Environments: Prevention of Elementary Student-to-Student Bullying (United States)

    Gant Bradley, Heather


    Student-to-student bullying is still a current issue within elementary schools nationwide. Educators are often unaware, improperly trained and/or unwilling to help in student bullying incidences. Without training or willingness, teachers often are driven into silence and inaction, effectively putting the wellbeing of students at risk. The present…

  18. Do Teachers Bully Students?: Findings from a Survey of Students in an Alternative Education Setting (United States)

    Whitted, Kathryn S.; Dupper, David R.


    Students need a strong, positive relationship with caring adults in school. Although the vast majority of adults in authority interact respectfully with students, some adults physically and psychologically bully students. This article examines the extent to which 50 alternative education students reported being victimized by teachers or other…

  19. Learning to use student ideas in elementary science teaching: The influence of mentor teachers in preservice teachers' developing meanings (United States)

    Schaub, Elsa Nunes

    This study explores the influence of mentor teachers in the meanings and practices that two elementary preservice teachers adopted about eliciting and using student ideas, while learning to teach science in the university science methods course and in the field placement classroom. Prior research on teacher development has shown that the high-leverage practice of eliciting and using student ideas can support preservice teachers in thinking about common problems of practice. I used four core problems of practice to examine the meanings and practices that preservice teachers adopted in eliciting and using student ideas as they planned, enacted and reflected on methods course assignments in the field placement classroom. Using sociocultural and situative perspectives on learning, I identified two factors that influenced the sense that preservice teachers constructed and the practices that they adopted about eliciting and using student ideas. These factors were mentor teacher's perspectives on learning and goals for student learning. I also examined three mechanisms by which mentor teacher's perspectives and goals influenced preservice teacher meanings and practices about eliciting and using student ideas in instruction, including mentor teacher's classroom practice, the nature and foci of mentor teacher and preservice teacher conversations and mentor teacher's use of preservice teachers' ideas in their conversations about instruction. The results suggest that preservice teachers come to make sense of and use student ideas in their instruction in ways that closely align with those of their mentors. They also indicate that preservice teachers' integration of experiences from different learning-to-teach contexts in making sense of student ideas may be related to the degree of alignment between mentor teachers' perspectives and goals and the perspectives and goals of the science methods course.

  20. The role of teachers in delivering education about respectful relationships: exploring teacher and student perspectives. (United States)

    Ollis, Debbie


    The focus of this article is a school-based respectful relationships (RRs) pilot project involving grade 8 and 9 students. The project sought to develop a primary prevention approach to gender-based violence (GBV) in Australia. Of particular concern is the curriculum delivery component of a whole school approach that was piloted over a 10-week period in four High Schools in Melbourne, Victoria in 2010. Using data collected from teachers and students through survey, focus group interviews and student written reflections, the article identifies the key role of the teacher, the curriculum materials and the curriculum context in assisting teachers to teach about GBV. Although there was opposition to teaching specifically about GBV by some male teachers, the data indicate that this did not detract from teachers exploring these issues under a 'RRs' framework. Through 'supported risk taking', and the adoption of participatory teaching approaches and affirming and inclusive classrooms, teachers and students ended up with a positive experience of teaching and learning about GBV. PMID:24939857

  1. The Quality of School Life: Teacher-Student Trust Relationships and the Organizational School Context (United States)

    Van Maele, Dimitri; Van Houtte, Mieke


    In exploring the quality of schools' social system, this study provides insight into in which types of schools students may encounter barriers in developing supportive teacher-student relationships because of teachers exposing low levels of trust in students. Student culture and teachability perceptions are assessed as incentives for teachers'…

  2. Lesotho’s students’ achievement in mathematics and their teachers’ background and professional development


    David Mogari; Jeanne Kriek; Gerrit Stols; Ogbonnaya U. Iheanachor


    The study sought to obtain information on the relationship, if any, between students' achievement and teacher background as well as between students’ achievement and professional development. The respective correlation coefficient showed that there was a significant relationship between students’ achievement and teacher background and an insignificant relationship between students’ achievement and the extent of professional development. Of the three components of teacher background (viz...

  3. Students’ Attitudes towards Teachers’ using Activities in EFL class


    Channa Mansoor Ahmed; Yossiri Yossatorn; Varavejbhisis Yossiri


    This study investigated the students’ attitudes towards activities used in an EFL classroom in one Thai university. The research participants include the students of first year (bachelor students of medical and engineering faculties) who had studied public speaking subject as their minor in second semester. The data was collected through class observations and semi structured interviews. In classroom observations, EFL learners’ perceptions and satisfactions on their teacher using class ac...

  4. The competencies of itinerant teacher of students with visual impairments


    S?krlec, Eva


    The itinerant service for students with visual impairments provides additional professional instructions and teaches special educational knowledge and skills. At the same time it provides consulting and support for parents, teachers, peers and other colleagues to ensure inclusion of students into regular forms of education in the entire vertical of the school system as well as at their home. The itinerant service for students with visual impairments was created as a result of paradigmatic...

  5. The data librarian’s handbook

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    Rice, Robin C


    The importance of data has never been greater. There has been a growing concern with the ‘skills gap’ required to exploit the data surfeit; the ability to collect, compute and crunch data, for economic, social and scientific purposes. This book, written by two working data librarians based at the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh aims to help fill this skills gap by providing a nuts and bolts guide to research data support. The Data Librarian’s Handbook draws on a combination of over 30 years’ experience providing data support services to create the ‘must-read’ book for all entrants to this field. This book ‘zooms in’ to the actual library service level, where the interaction between the researcher and the librarian takes place. Both engaging and practical, this book draws the reader in through story-telling and suggested activities, linking concepts from one chapter to another.

  6. Evaluation of Student Teachers Grouped According to Teaching Subjects: Students’ Perception


    Richard Tuimur; Elizabeth Role; Lazarus Ndiku Makewa


    The purpose of this paper was to test if there was a significant difference between students’ evaluation of their student teachers grouped according to teaching subjects. It also tested if there was a significant difference between evaluation of student teachers grouped according to teaching subjects in the following areas: preparation, supervision, teaching environment, and teaching practice experience. To test the hypotheses, Pearson’s product measurement correlation coefficient and t-t...

  7. Year 7 Students, Information Literacy, and Transfer: A Grounded Theory (United States)

    Herring, James E.


    This study examined the views of year 7 students, teacher librarians, and teachers in three state secondary schools in rural New South Wales, Australia, on information literacy and transfer. The aims of the study included the development of a grounded theory in relation to information literacy and transfer in these schools. The study's perspective…

  8. Matching music teacher’s self conception with students’ perception on teaching effectiveness in an unfavourable secondary classroom context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Wah Leung


    Full Text Available This paper aims at identifying and recording good music teaching practices that promote social inclusion, and at developing effective teaching strategies that incorporate student perspectives into the pedagogies. A music teacher in Hong Kong was selected for this study, and two different classes of Form 2 (ages 12-13 were observed. The teaching process was videotaped and reviewed. Afterwards the teacher and a group of students were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview to solicit their ideas towards good practice of music teaching. Findings reveal that the good practices observed were attributed to four factors: 1 teacher’s personality, 2 teacher’s pedagogy, 3 teacher’s musical competence, and 4 teacher’s philosophy of teaching.

  9. The Living Network of Schools Owned by Teachers and Students


    Glazek, Stanislaw D.


    This paper describes a network of teachers and students who form a living system of education at all levels and achieve high standards. The key process of the network is the process of effective learning by inquiry. Physics is distinguished among sciences as the most transparent source of understanding what it means to learn effectively by inquiry. We suggest that teachers and others who are interested in building the network start from learning about the contexts of product...

  10. Pre-service Teachers’ Thinking about Student Assessment Issues


    Marielle Simon; Stephanie Chitpin; Raudhah Yahya


    Pre-service teachers are typically concerned with student assessment and view related issues through varied experiences and backgrounds. Understanding how they think about assessment issues within the current educational context helps to better prepare them. In this paper we describe pre-service teachers’ thinking about assessment issues, the theories that underlie their thinking, and how it evolves as a result of using an introspective critical approach called the objective knowledge g...

  11. The Ideal Psychology Teacher: Qualitative Analysis of Views from Brunei GCE A-Level Students and Trainee Psychology Teachers


    Nurul Azureen Omar; Sri Ridhwanah Matarsat; Nur Hafizah Azmin; Veronica Chung Ai Wei; Mohd Mu izzuddin Mohd Nasir; Ummi Kalthum Syahirah Sahari; Masitah Shahrill; Lawrence Mundia


    We qualitatively explored the notion of the ideal teacher from the context of pre-university Brunei General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A-Level) psychology students and trainee psychology teachers. Both previous research and our own analyses on this concept revealed that the so-called ideal teacher was neither a perfect nor a super teacher but rather an effective instructor who was firm, fair, and a good communicator. Psychology students of various ability levels (high achiev...

  12. The Influence of the Teacher’s Sex on High School Students’ Engagement and Achievement in Science.


    Eyvind Elstad; Are Turmo


    The purpose of this article is to explore relationships between teachers’ sex and a range of variables relating to adolescent students’ perceptions of their classroom engagement, quality of teaching and responses to their teacher, and their own achievements in science. A cross-sectional survey of 798 Norwegian students showed the potential influence of the sex of the teacher on engagement, motivation, volition, and learning outcomes which was estimated after they had known their teachers for ...

  13. From Student-Teachers to Teachers of Students: Beginning Teachers’ Journeys from Pre-Service to the Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina S. Okhremtchouk


    Full Text Available Given the complexities associated with the retention of beginning teachers nationwide, this article serves as a small window to the professional realities and challenges new to the profession teachers face. In this collaborative inquiry, we attempt to uncover and examine key issues pertaining to the pre-service and induction experiences of beginning teachers. We, teacher educators, utilized an inquiry discourse approach to disseminate findings through a collective voice in which we examined issues beginning teachers encounter and support mechanisms needed with the beginning teachers as compared to about them. This article concludes with a list of recommendations for the beginning teachers, school administrators, and teacher preparation programs.

  14. Preliminary Investigation of the Sources of Self-Efficacy Among Teachers of Students with Autism


    Ruble, Lisa A.; Usher, Ellen L.; Mcgrew, John H.


    Teacher self-efficacy refers to the beliefs teachers hold regarding their capability to bring about desired instructional outcomes and may be helpful for understanding and addressing critical issues such as teacher attrition and teacher use of research-supported practices. Educating students with autism likely presents teachers with some of the most significant instructional challenges. The self-efficacy of 35 special education teachers of students with autism between the ages of 3 to 9 years...

  15. Gas Metal Arc Welding and Flux-Cored Arc Welding. Third Edition. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. (United States)

    Knapp, John; Harper, Eddie

    This packet, containing a teacher's edition, a student edition, and a student workbook, introduces students to high deposition welding and processes for "shielding" a weld. In addition to general information, the teacher edition consists of introductory pages and teacher pages, as well as unit information that corresponds to the materials in the…

  16. Attention to Student Needs Mediates the Relationship between Teacher Emotional Intelligence and Student Misconduct in the Classroom (United States)

    Nizielski, Sophia; Hallum, Suhair; Lopes, Paulo N.; Schutz, Astrid


    Understanding the relationship between teacher Emotional intelligence (EI) and student misconduct was the goal of this research. We hypothesized that teachers high in EI tend to establish good working relationships with students by being attentive to their students' needs. In a sample of 300 Syrian teachers, EI was assessed with the Wong and Law…

  17. The Tunisians Cooperative Teachers and Student Teachers’ Conceptions about Class Management Skill

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    Naila Bali


    Full Text Available The first teaching year is a crucial time for professional growth and teacher development requiring pedagogical and emotional support from a qualified mentor. According to Ingersoll (2003, 46% of all teachers in public schools will leave the profession within their first five years of teaching. Until 1990, there was a considerable discussion about how the novice teachers can develop more competence. There has been limited empirical research on the effectiveness of physical education student teacher (PESTT, particularly as they relate to teaching. The aim of this research is to study the conceptions of Authority of Tunisian High School Physical Education Cooperative teachers and student teachers. The method used in the quoted investigation is based on directing a semi-directive interview with 10 mentors and their PESTT (24 in the initiation of practical pedagogy, at the Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education (ISSEP Ksar Saïd Tunis. The PESTT were teaching at a school in Tunis with mixed classes (aged 12 - 14. Data were collected from monitor interviews, PESTT interviews, observations and analysis of the PESTT teaching. Data analysis occurred, through the efforts of the teacher-researcher to meet the “on the spot” learning needs of his students; the systematic collection, organisation and analysis of the gathered data; and the peer debriefing, which occurred throughout the collection and writing processes. Two tendencies of unequal importance were constructed from analysis of data sources according to mentor reflections: a majority teacher-centred pedagogy (77% and a minority student-centred pedagogy (22%. A number of themes emerged from the analysis of each case. These themes are discussed within the data resources from PESTT of how their perceptions of authority. This study shows that the commonly perception of mentors about their PESTT is negative. However, the findings of this study support the idea that PESTT can not well manage the indiscipline behaviour of their pupils and are not able to think about real reason of this problem.

  18. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?


    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta


    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the lib...

  19. Internet Library For Librarians (United States)

    Sha, Vianne Tang

    The Internet Library For Librarians is a portal designed with librarians in mind. Common reference materials, librarianship, and accessories organize the site hierarchically. Under each of these levels exist more levels that further narrow down the visitor�s specific focus. Furthermore, the portal forms a community that offers features such as 'add or recommend a site' to further expand the portal's collection. This site is a valuable resource for those who are just entering the field or seasoned professional librarians.

  20. Students’ Attitudes towards Teachers’ using Activities in EFL class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Channa Mansoor Ahmed


    Full Text Available This study investigated the students’ attitudes towards activities used in an EFL classroom in one Thai university. The research participants include the students of first year (bachelor students of medical and engineering faculties who had studied public speaking subject as their minor in second semester. The data was collected through class observations and semi structured interviews. In classroom observations, EFL learners’ perceptions and satisfactions on their teacher using class activities were recorded in the field-notes and questions related to EFL learners’ attitudes in target language learning based on certain factors that include better teaching strategies, classroom activities and social environment that can help reduce or change negative attitudes were asked through interview. This study found promising results on the students’ attitudes towards teacher using activities. More than half of the participants regarded teacher’s using activities that determined their success in language learning. However, less than half of the participants showed dissatisfying factor that related to the EFL teacher using humor on their cultures as the part of his teaching. This research paves a way for future research by indicating issues and questions for researchers to address.

  1. Anxiety of Preservice Teachers Teaching Students with Disabilities: A Preliminary Investigation (United States)

    Everhart, Brett


    Preservice teachers have indicated that they are somewhat less comfortable working with students with disabilities. Research shows that curricular modifications in teacher education programs would enable preservice teachers to be more prepared for classrooms that include students with disabilities. Much of the work in teacher education dealing…

  2. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Ways of Guiding High School Students in GeoGebra-Supported Inquiry Tasks (United States)

    Hahkioniemi, Markus; Leppaaho, Henry


    In this paper, we study how prospective teachers guide students' reasoning in GeoGebra-supported inquiry tasks. Twenty prospective mathematics teachers wrote about how they would react as a teacher in hypothetical situations where high school students present their GeoGebra-supported solutions to the teacher. Before writing their reactions, the…

  3. Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources for students and teachers (United States)

    Marsden, Steve

    Steve Marsden, a teacher in Studio City, California, provides a variety of helpful supplemental chemistry materials for high school chemistry students and teachers. At the Elements link, users can find a periodic table that provides images and descriptions of elements categorized into families. Within the Lecture link, visitors can find assistance in a variety of topics including chemical reactions, stoichiometry, chemical kinetics, and chemical equilibrium. Users will find an extensive number of links to other educational websites within the materials. Although a few visuals are copyrighted and only available to the author's students, all users will be able to obtain an extensive amount of valuable tutorials.

  4. The Status of Teacher’s Questions and Students’ Responses: The Case of an EFL Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arman Toni


    Full Text Available Whereas a lot of classroom research conducted in English classes have studied the role of classroom interaction, a considerable number of research has been concerned with the linguistic aspects of classroom interaction, many of which dealt with the type of questions asked in the EFL classes. Previously it was demonstrated that teachers make adjustments in their questioning techniques when communicating with their students. In the same line of inquiry, the present study tried to find out what techniques of questioning teachers use to engage their students in classroom interaction. The present paper, which is based on a case study, investigates classroom interactions in terms of questions being asked by the teacher. To this end, Bloom’s (1956 taxonomy was selected as the framework of analysis. A class of six adolescent students, who were both male and female, participated in the study. For the purpose of this study, three 45-minute sessions of classroom interactions between the teacher and the participant were randomly tape recorded. After analyzing the obtained data, it was found that the inference question, among different question types, was the most frequently posed question in the target classroom with 27% of occurrence. Based on the obtained results, it is claimed that the study is a contribution to the characterization of teacher-student interactions. Moreover, some suggestions for further research are presented.

  5. Building Leadership Capacity Among Student Teachers: A Narrative Inquiry Into Relational Continuity in Student Teachers’ Field Placements

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    Sue McKenzie-Robblee


    Full Text Available The authors of this paper are two teacher researchers, one situated at the university and one situated as principal of an elementary school. Through narrative inquiry (Clandinin and Connelly, 2000 two main themes of belonging and becoming were illuminated. The work suggests trusting relationships evolving from dialogue sustained over two field placements at the same school offer student teachers the possibilities of connecting their life experiences with their new experiences at the school; a connected knowing that enables them to develop their identities as beginning teachers.

  6. Student Teachers’ Attitude towards Twitter for Educational Aims

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    Victoria I. Marín


    Full Text Available This paper presents an educational experience with 100 student teachers from different courses of the University of the Balearic Islands (Spain in which Twitter is used for various different activities. The aim of this experiment was to explore student teachers’ perceptions in order to value their attitude towards Twitter for educational aims. Afterwards, students were asked to write down their reflections on an eportfolio. Data was collected from their eportfolio evidence, which was analysed to review their attitude towards the use of Twitter for educational purposes and for their future teaching and professional development. The conclusions indicate the need to conduct different educational activities in which Twitter is used in various ways. In addition, conclusions reflect on the real impact of Twitter on students’ learning enhancement, in order to improve student teachers’ attitudes towards social media in education. Therefore, this article contributes to the body of existing research on the use of technology in education, specifically to the possibilities of the use of social media and microblogging in Teacher Education.

  7. Changing Preservice Teachers' Beliefs about Motivating Students (United States)

    Peterson, Sarah; Schreiber, Jim; Moss, Connie


    We examined the effects of an educational psychology course on students' beliefs about motivating students. After providing opportunities to engage in systematic intentional inquiry of their beliefs about teaching and learning, we expected that students' beliefs would become more soundly based in theory and research. Following several classes on…

  8. Facilitating ESL Students with Autism Learn Sight Vocabulary: Teachers’ Practices and Voices


    SAROYA YAHYA; Melor Md. Yunus; Hasnah Toran


    Teachers’ support is critical to the learning of special needs students. Without teachers’ assistance and understanding, it may be difficult for such students to develop learning.The paper reports the findings of a study that looked into English language teachers’ practices in facilitating primary school ESL students with autism learn sight vocabulary.Observational field notes, interviews, and document analysis indicate that the teachers used a variety of ways to help the students learn...

  9. Impact of Teacher Turn over on Students Motivation, Psyche and Performance.




    In Education sector the role of teachers is important because they are responsible for the growth and building of students. In certain institutions teacher turnover has been observed. This research is conducted that how teacher turnover influence the performance of the students. For the purpose the private universities of Peshawar Pakistan were targeted to identify the impact of teacher turn over on the student’s performance. Study use randomly two private university and take the previous t...

  10. Helping Students to Connect Subtraction Strategies Improves Mathematical Reasoning for Students and Teachers (United States)

    Sci, Eve


    After administering an end of unit assessment written by the school's math program, teachers of three second grade classes in a New York City school noticed a majority of the students had not demonstrated mastery of subtracting two, two-digit numbers. The teachers worked with the school's math coach to implement an instructional unit that required…

  11. Pre-service Teachers’ Thinking about Student Assessment Issues

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    Marielle Simon


    Full Text Available Pre-service teachers are typically concerned with student assessment and view related issues through varied experiences and backgrounds. Understanding how they think about assessment issues within the current educational context helps to better prepare them. In this paper we describe pre-service teachers’ thinking about assessment issues, the theories that underlie their thinking, and how it evolves as a result of using an introspective critical approach called the objective knowledge growth framework. The framework combines the diary and the think aloud protocol and brings pre-service teachers to identify initial assessment problems, propose tentative solutions, and challenge their solutions. Thirty-one pre-service teachers took part in this study and received a one hour workshop on the use of the introspective approach to solve their self-identified assessment issues. Brookhart’s ‘Tensions in Classroom Assessment Theory and Practice’ framework was then used to explore the theories at play when pre-service teachers go through their problem solving processes. The participants identified group work, test failure, accommodation, fairness, multiple assessment opportunities, and academic enablers as key areas of concern. Particularly notable in the study, was the greater importance attached by the pre-service teachers to assessment for classroom management, student motivation, and social justice purposes, than to support learning. The analysis of these concerns using Brookhart’s framework and of the reasoning about them suggests that the intersection of measurement, psychological, and social theories continues to impact the decision making process regarding assessment. 


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Andre Pires


    Full Text Available Discusses the relationship between the New Technologies of Information and Communication (NTIC and reading treated in an interdisciplinary perspective in the context of undergraduate librarianship in the UFPA. The study aims to examine how these tools are appropriated and used by graduate students to focus on access to scholarly texts for the reading and writing of these students who are undergoing training. Conducting methodological article was first performed on stage with the literature of authors such as foundations Castells (1999, Freire (2005 without giving up the contributions of other thinkers on the subject addressed in the research and the second leg by qualitative exploratory study quantitative and a questionnaire with closed questions, open, hybrid and later with analysis and data collection done with the students of the School of Library Science at UFPA class of 2008 in morning and night shifts made in two months. As a result, research shows that over half of the undergraduates interviewed consider that the practice of reading coupled with the use of the NCITthrought their answers, as relevant to obtaining a satisfactory degree of proficiency in academic and subsequently enter the job market with more qualification. Ends the reading and understanding that the ICTs are an essential component in the training of librarians, particularly in a context of production and reproduction of information / texts in digital environments, pointing to the con struction of new reading habits based on computer use.

  13. From Student to Teacher: A Successful Transition (United States)

    Velez-Rendon, Gloria


    This article seeks to contribute to the emerging body of research on learning to teach a second language (L2). Specifically, it examines the learning-to-teach experience of a preservice German language teacher from her own perspective illuminating the contextual, biographical, academic, and cognitive factors affecting her development (Freeman &…

  14. Bibliotecário escolar: um educador?

    School librarian: an educator? p. 107-123

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    Elisa Cristina Delfini Correa


    Full Text Available Apresenta a biblioteca escolar enquanto suporte didático pedagógico, enfocando principalmente o papel do bibliotecário no contexto escolar. Compara funções e perfis do bibliotecário e do educador/professor, ressaltando semelhanças e diferenças nos papéis educativos por eles exercidos. Conclui que o bibliotecário exerce atividades educativas em sua profissão diferentes em sua essência daquelas exercidas pelo professor, devendo estabelecer com este uma parceria na qual as atribuições de ambos se completem a fim de construir um processo de ensino aprendizado eficiente e bem sucedido.

    Abstract: The school library and its librarians roles are defined. Teacher’s and librarian’s work are compared in its differences and likenesses. This article concludes that librarians have some educational roles which are, however, essencially different from teacher’s activities. They must work together in order to build a better educational process.

    Keywords: School Library, School Librarian: Education, Teacher

  15. Tomorrow's engineers through teacher/student programs at Penn State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interest in math and science increases when the problems and topics are current and socially relevant. A course that integrates various sciences requires a solid foundation in mathematics and an understanding that real life consists of an interaction of the basic sciences. One topical area that requires the understanding of math and science and affects our society is radiation. Although nuclear issues are prevalent in the news, very few secondary science educators receive much formal training in radiation and nuclear science. A strong push for educational programs on this topic by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and state departments of education began in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Through this effort, Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) developed the Nuclear Concepts Institute for secondary science teachers and has continued its involvement with educational programs in nuclear science for teachers and students. From discussions with teachers and students along with formal and informal surveys, the programs have had a positive impact on teachers' interest in learning more about nuclear science and on students' choices to enter nuclear engineering or a related field. The paper discusses the Nuclear Concepts Program; formation of the American Nuclear Science Teachers Association (ANSTA); ANSTA projects; other Penn State educational programs; and impact of education programs

  16. Embedded librarianship what every academic librarian should know

    CERN Document Server

    Russo, Michael F


    Is the embedded librarian an equal partner in the course, or is the librarian perceived as a "value-added" extra? What is the place of technology in this effort? Is there a line librarians should not cross? Taking into account both theory and practice to discuss multiple facets of the subject, Embedded Librarianship: What Every Academic Librarian Should Know thoroughly examines these questions and more from the perspectives of experienced embedded librarian contributors who have worked in higher education settings. The chapters illuminate the benefits and challenges of embedding, explain the planning required to set up an embedded course, identify the different forms of embedding, and consider information literacy instruction in various contexts. Readers who will benefit from this work include not only academic librarians but any professor who wants their students to be able to do better research in their fields.

  17. Understanding Secondary Teachers' Formative Assessment Practices and Their Relationship to Student Motivation (United States)

    McMillan, James H.; Cohen, Jessye; Abrams, Lisa; Cauley, Kathleen; Pannozzo, Gina; Hearn, Jessica


    The purpose of this study was to describe secondary teachers' formative assessment practices and to examine the relationship of these practices to student motivation. The sample included 3,242 students and 161 grade 6-12 teachers. Teachers and students completed self-report questionnaires that focused on both formative assessment and motivation…

  18. Examining the Role of Technology to Create a Safe Haven for Student Teachers (United States)

    Fierros, Edward Garcia; Foley, Jean Ann


    This research examines the use of technology to create a relationship between student teachers and preservice teachers as they navigate the union of practice and theory within the two contexts of a teacher education course and student teaching practicum. Technology was used to create a safe haven where students could explore their respective…

  19. Assistive Technology Competencies of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments: A Comparison of Perceptions (United States)

    Zhou, Li; Smith, Derrick W.; Parker, Amy T.; Griffin-Shirley, Nora


    This study surveyed teachers of students with visual impairments in Texas on their perceptions of a set of assistive technology competencies developed for teachers of students with visual impairments by Smith and colleagues (2009). Differences in opinion between practicing teachers of students with visual impairments and Smith's group of…

  20. Teachers' Judgments of Students' Academic Functioning: A Comparison of Actual and Predicted Performances. (United States)

    Demaray, Michelle K.; Elliott, Stephen N.


    The relationship between teachers' judgments of students' academic achievement and students' performances on an achievement test was investigated (N=12 teachers; N=47 students). Accuracy of teachers' judgments, the relationship between judgments and performances, and the effect of high vs. low achievement status on judgments were studied.…

  1. Student Teacher Challenges: Using the Cognitive Load Theory as an Explanatory Lens (United States)

    Moos, Daniel C.; Pitton, Debra


    Cognitive load theory (CLT) can explain the challenges faced by student teachers. This study, guided by the CLT, included 26 pre-service teachers. Participants completed a cognitive load self-report questionnaire and were interviewed at two points during their student teaching. Results revealed that student teachers decreased mental effort related…

  2. Seizing Opportunity at the Top: Reaching Every Student with Excellent Teachers--Policymakers' Checklist (United States)

    Public Impact, 2012


    Research continues to confirm that without "excellent" teachers consistently, most students who start behind stay behind, and too few middling and advanced students leap ahead. Even solid teachers who achieve one year of learning progress leave achievement gaps intact. Schools that "consistently" provide all students with excellent teachers--those…

  3. Performance Standards for Teachers supporting Nursing Students’ Reflection Skills Development

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    Agaath Dekker- Groen


    Full Text Available How can nursing teachers improve students’ reflection skills? In the study performance standards for teachers were developed and validated. A ten-step procedure was followed to ensure procedural and internal validity. National competences and specific content standards for supporting nursing reflection skills development formed the foundation of a preliminary rubric framework which was piloted. Forty participants from six nursing institutes judged the developed rubric framework of eight competences covering thirty rubric attributes. They also discussed the prerequisite minimum performance level and judgmental models. These judgments and discussions resulted in consensus on the rubric framework, a cut-off score, and a conjunctive judgmental model that is convenient for assessing nursing teachers’ competences. The rubrics can be used in a teacher training program. Also institutes of nursing education can employ the rubrics as a tool for preparing and formatively assessing reflection skills.

  4. The Violence Perception of Teachers and Students at Primary Schools


    ?ENER, Gönül; BOYDAK ÖZAN, Mukadder


    In parallel with the increasing number of acts of violence in recent years, it is seen that the effect of violence in schools is becoming growingly worrisome. The violence the students are exposed to affect them not only in their academic life but also throughout their life and may make irrecoverable traumas. With this study, it is endeavoured to identify how the acts of violence in the primary schools are perceived and conceptualized through the teachers and students' opinions. In this study...

  5. Student teachers' perceptions of violence in primary schools


    Van der Westhuizen, Carol N.; J. G. Maree; Maree, Kobus, 1951-


    In this article, the authors gauge the perceptions of student teachers on violence in primary schools and their immediate communities. Learners’ exposure to mounting levels of violence and crime in South Africa in general, but more specifically in their homes and communities, affects their behaviour adversely. The data collection took the form of a written submission of the discussion of semi-structured reflective questions in a post-internship oral reflection in student teac...

  6. Teachers’ leadership and students’ experience of group work.


    Hammar Chiriac, Eva; Granström, Kjell


    Group work is used as a means of learning at all levels of most educational systems.  However, teachers often use group work without considering its “pros and cons.” Such a mode of non-reflected application may sometimes end up in positive experiences and learning, but the likelihood is that the outcome will be the opposite.   The aim of this qualitative study is to address students’ experiences of collaborative group work, that is, when working as a group. What features do students e...

  7. Module facelift: engaging student technology teachers with maths


    Milne, Susan; Honeychurch, Sarah; Barr, Niall


    In recent years a First Year Mathematics module for student Technology teachers has undergone a significant redesign due to a combination of factors. In 2010 a new tutor took over the module and began to add more content to the existing course in order to encourage students to engage with online resources, but a total redesign was not possible due to the limitations of the existing Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) (Moodle 1.9). In 2012, with support from the Lear...

  8. Teacher Instructional Methods and Student Attitudes towards Mathematics


    Akinsola, M. K.; Olowojaiye, F. B.


    This study examined the effect of behavioral objective-based (BOBIS) and study question-based (SQBIS) instructional strategies on students’ attitude towards Senior Secondary Mathematics. The three hypotheses for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The issue of attitudinal changes of student in mathematics classroom is an evergreen topic which cannot be wished away. It is therefore important to search for more and simple methods/ways by which teachers could continually inspi...

  9. Negotiation for the Librarian (United States)

    Grogg, Jill E.


    Librarians engage in some sort of negotiation all the time. Unfortunately, library schools do not uniformly teach negotiation theory or skills. New librarians are left to their own devices to self-educate, and self-educate they must. Most of the library-specific negotiation literature and continuing education opportunities focus almost entirely on…

  10. Librarian as Learning Consultant. (United States)

    Penland, Patrick R.

    The following skills are required for librarians to serve effectively as learning consultants: (1) analyze social and educational trends and discern learning needs; (2) analyze the competencies needed by librarians; (3) identify methods appropriate to achieve self-learning goals; (4) design learning sequences; (5) given client characteristics,…

  11. The Library School of the Province of Buenos Aires and the professionalization of the librarian (1948-1950

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    Marcela Coria


    Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of teaching librarianship in the city of La Plata, taking as the central axis the creation the School of Library by the Library Department of the Province of Buenos Aires. The main characteristics of educational library institutions in the province until 1950 are described, according to interpret the background that led to the formation of this school. Then, the political and social situation is presented in the context of the first Peronista government of Buenos Aires. Finally, the contents in the curricula of the careers are addressed with the aim of describe the professional librarian ideal achieved according to the provincial government's cultural policies. It is concluded that through this educational institution tries to form a professional librarian with multiple skills related to library, a cultural agent capable of guiding readers towards national books edition yet is also assigned a teacher role, closely with the teacher and students at all levels of training.

  12. The Ideal Psychology Teacher: Qualitative Analysis of Views from Brunei GCE A-Level Students and Trainee Psychology Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Azureen Omar


    Full Text Available We qualitatively explored the notion of the ideal teacher from the context of pre-university Brunei General Certificate of Education Advanced Level (GCE A-Level psychology students and trainee psychology teachers. Both previous research and our own analyses on this concept revealed that the so-called ideal teacher was neither a perfect nor a super teacher but rather an effective instructor who was firm, fair, and a good communicator. Psychology students of various ability levels (high achievers, average students, and low scorers gave slightly different descriptive characteristics for the ideal teacher. More-able students preferred a cognitive-oriented teacher while less-able students emphasized the affective-oriented instructor. Students in the middle range of the ability scale endorsed both cognitive and affective traits in the ideal teacher traits. Trainee psychology teachers closely resembled the higher achieving GCE A-Level psychology students in their descriptions of the ideal teacher. The findings have implications for teaching and assessing psychology students that we discuss. Further mixed-methods research was recommended to generate more insightful outcomes.

  13. Investigating Teachers’ Views of Student-Centred Learning Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Lim Kok Seng


    Full Text Available Conventional learning is based on low levels of students’ participation where students are rarely expected to ask questions or to challenge the theories of the academic. A paradigm shift in curriculum has resulted in implementing student-centred learning (SCL approach, putting students as the centre of the learning process. This mode of presentation has been implemented in the Malaysian classroom context. However, the shift in focus on learning from the conventional to the SCL has presented Malaysian educators with some challenges especially to move away from the ‘chalk and talk’ method of teaching used for decades in most classrooms in secondary schools. This study explores teachers’ views of SCL approach through individual in-depth interviews. Various themes emerged from the interviews. The findings provides evidence that teachers who exposed students to some elements of SCL, saw students actively engaged in the learning process, aware of their own responsibilities, sense of autonomy inlearning and learned from their experiences. However, there were some challenges and constraints faced by teachers in implementing SCL approach.

  14. Control Type Identification in Student-Teacher Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Sandu


    Full Text Available The goal of this research is identifying the type of control for student-teacher interaction in the classroom, using a preliminary investigation based on a role-play. This research is used as a start phase in the building of a mathematical model for the student module in a future computer-assisted virtual Affective Tutoring System (ATS. An ATS is a software environment that can understand student emotions, behaviour, skills and needs, and adapt its teaching strategy for an optimal guidance of training. The control of the interaction is considered at any time on the side which is launching the questions. This controlling side is either the teacher or the student, whoever asks the other side questions about the lesson. Our research has a start point in the “Control-Value Theory” of psycho-pedagogy and aims to build statistical models of the control based on statistical regression – for guidance of the student based on pre-lesson and post-lesson tests and for guidance of the student based on teacher actions (using techniques of conversation control. For all these kinds of control, this paper aims to propose a mathematical model based on hidden Markov models (HMM having, as a statistical base, volunteer role-play scenarios of classroom activities.

  15. Teacher and student views regarding the placement test

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    Türkan Argon


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to identify teacher and student views regarding the Placement Test (SBS. The research was undertaken with primary school teachers from Bolu central district (n=100 and students who were given the test during (n=100 2009-2010 educational year. The study employing the survey model utilizes qualitative research methods. Data was collected by using interview forms which were later analyzed by content analysis. At the end of the study it was found that SBS creates feelings such as stress, fear, anxiety and curiosity and has an important effect on the identification of the future educational lives and professions of the students. SBS prevents students from socializing. Differences have been detected between the courses SBS covers and the courses studied at school. Students engage in activities such as answering test questions, taking trial tests, answering preparatory courses, receiving counseling, going to the courses and private tutoring. School administrators take the exam results very seriously. Implementations that are based on student-teacher-parent collaboration and that use selection based on ability and interests have been suggested.

  16. The Role of Emotions in Student Teachers' Professional Identity (United States)

    Timostsuk, Inge; Ugaste, Aino


    This paper presents findings of a qualitative interview study of the role of emotions in the professional identity of student teachers. Strong positive and negative emotions (mostly related to pupils and supervisors) were expressed about personal teaching experiences. The results confirm that emotions play an important role in social learning and,…

  17. Claiming Our Own Space: Polyphony in Teacher-Student Dialogue (United States)

    Skidmore, David; Murakami, Kyoko


    In this article, we reappraise the model of Discourse Analysis developed by Sinclair and Coulthard (1975) to analyse classroom talk. We analyse an extract of teacher-student dialogue using this model, then re-analyse the same extract drawing on conventions and concepts developed within the framework of Conversation Analysis. We argue that this…

  18. Teachers' Mindsets for Students with and without Disabilities (United States)

    Gutshall, C. Anne


    Research suggests beliefs about the stability of ability can be dichotomized into two mindsets: fixed and growth (Dweck, C., 1999). Teachers' (n = 238) beliefs regarding the stability of ability (mindset) and the stability of ability for 4 hypothetical students scenarios (mindset for scenarios) were measured. Mindset scores were related to…

  19. Student and Teacher De-Motivation in SLA


    Hui Yan


    With a brief introduction of the definitions of de-motivation, this article reviews present research on student de-motivation, analyzes the teacher motivation from the macro-contexts and micro-contexts, and puts forward suggestions in getting rid of de-motivation.

  20. The DELF in Canada: Perceptions of Students, Teachers, and Parents (United States)

    Vandergrift, Larry


    The "Diplôme d'études de langue française" (DELF) has recently gained attention in Canada for its potential as a national French second language (FSL) proficiency test. This article explores the perceptions of students, teachers, and parents in various school jurisdictions across Canada on a range of issues related to the DELF test…

  1. Lessons of Love: Psychoanalysis and Teacher-Student Love (United States)

    Cho, Daniel


    What is the relation of love and pedagogy? Two recent phenomena have called into question whether love has any place within pedagogy at all: teacher-student sexual scandal and the standardization movement. As love walks the thin line between inspiration and sex, and as standardization has assumed love to be synonymous with bias, it has become more…

  2. Reflecting on Teacher-Student Relations in TESOL (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas S. C.


    Research in general education suggests that relationship-building is at the core of quality learning experiences. Yet relationship-building has not received the attention, it deserves from researchers in the field of TESOL where teacher-student relationships of various types are a central component in successful teaching and learning. This article…

  3. Diesel Technology: Brakes. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition. (United States)

    Hilley, Robert; Scarberry, Terry; Kellum, Mary

    This document contains teacher and student materials for a course on brakes in the diesel technology curriculum. The course consists of 12 units organized in three sections. The three units of the introductory section cover: (1) brakes; (2) wheel bearings and seals; and (3) antilock brake systems. The second section, Hydraulic Brakes, contains the…

  4. Intellectual Property: What Do Teachers and Students Know? (United States)

    Starkey, Louise; Corbett, Susan; Bondy, Ann; Davidson, Susan


    As society changes from an industrial to a knowledge era increasing importance and value is being placed on intellectual property rights. Technology teachers need to have pedagogical content knowledge of intellectual property if they are to incorporate it into their learning programmes to enable students to consider how to respect others'…

  5. Student Teachers and Cultural Diversity in an Australian Regional University (United States)

    Hope-Rowe, Gaelene


    This article examines student teachers' discursive constructions of difference, cultural diversity and race as they write and talk about their cultures and identities in relation to teaching and learning in the first year of a Primary Teaching Degree in a regional Australian university. The qualitative case study which informs this paper…

  6. Teacher Listening: The Role of Knowledge of Content and Students (United States)

    Johnson, Estrella M. S.; Larsen, Sean P.


    In this research report we consider the kinds of knowledge needed by a mathematician as she implemented an inquiry-oriented abstract algebra curriculum. Specifically, we will explore instances in which the teacher was unable to make sense of students' mathematical struggles in the moment. After describing each episode we will examine the…

  7. Patterns of Inclusive Education through the Practice of Student Teachers (United States)

    Angelides, Panayiotis


    For the purpose of moving towards more inclusive practices, the research literature argues that we have to investigate in greater depth the way in which universities respond to inclusive education. This paper investigates the nature of inclusive education through the practice of student teachers and sees how so-called inclusive education manifests…

  8. Teacher Views on Social Skills Development in Primary School Students (United States)

    Samanci, Osman


    The aim of the present research is to survey the views of teachers regarding social skills development in primary school students. The research was carried out using the qualitative research technique. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher was used to collect data. The results show that there are four main factors that play an important role…

  9. Power Product Equipment Technician: Equipment Systems. Teacher Edition. Student Edition. (United States)

    Hilley, Robert

    This packet contains teacher and student editions on the topic of equipment systems, intended for the preparation of power product equipment technicians. This publication contains seven units: (1) principles of power transmission; (2) mechanical drive systems; (3) principles of fluid power; (4) hydraulic and pneumatic drive systems; (5) wheel and…

  10. Are they just lazy? Student teachers' attitudes about dyslexia. (United States)

    Gwernan-Jones, Ruth; Burden, Robert L


    It is highly likely that teachers' abilities in dealing with different forms of learning difficulties will be affected by their knowledge about and attitudes towards those difficulties. Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) provides a useful framework within which to explore such attitudes and was used as the starting point for investigating trainee teachers' attitudes towards aspects of dyslexia. It is assumed that new teachers will enter the profession with a set of intentions according to personal beliefs, normative views within the teaching profession and the sense of competence and power they feel in dealing with dyslexic difficulties. The purpose of this study was to probe student teachers' attitudes at a prestigious School of Education in the Southwest of England. Four hundred and eight primary and secondary Post Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) students responded to a survey asking about their attitudes toward dyslexia. The student teachers expressed strongly positive attitudes toward the construct of dyslexia, with the majority expressing confidence in their ability to support dyslexic pupils. Females held significantly more positive attitudes toward dyslexia than males, but there were no significant differences according to PGCE course subject. Students who took the survey before and after teaching practice demonstrated some small but significant changes in attitude scores over that time. It is proposed that a new breed of teachers may be entering the teaching profession with positive beliefs about their ability to help dyslexic pupils, but who remain unclear as to how this can be accomplished. Some implications for action and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:19557824

  11. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

  12. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    CERN Document Server

    Lagerstrom, Jill


    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of open access, to name but a few topics.

  13. LETs and NETs: Exploring How Teachers from Diverse Cultural Backgrounds Impact Student Motivation and Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Wong


    Full Text Available This paper, an exploratory case study, examines how students’ preferences and motivation to learn English are influenced by their perceptions of teaching practices – both of native English teachers and local English teachers. To better understand the context of this research question, this study adopts a method of triangulation in collecting data: classroom observation, student interviews and teacher interviews. For intrinsic motivation, results reveal that Chinese students prefer a native-English-speaking teacher’s approach to communication language teaching. However, for extrinsic motivations, students preferred the curriculum-oriented approach of local teachers due to the relevance to the ultimately- important English examinations.

  14. Evaluating Student-Teacher Linkage Data in Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) Sites: Acquisition, Verification, and System Development. The Harvesting Project (United States)

    Watson, Jeffery; Witham, Peter; St. Louis, Timothy


    The U.S. Department of Education Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) seeks to transform education compensation systems so that principal and teacher performance (measured through classroom productivity measures) connects to compensation. Classroom-level productivity measures require robust student-teacher linkage data. Organizations such as the…

  15. Situating Pre-Service Reading Teachers as Tutors: Implications of Teacher Self-Efficacy on Tutoring Elementary Students (United States)

    Haverback, Heather Rogers


    This research examined the impact of high teacher efficacy on tutoring elementary students in reading. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) was adapted to create a reading-specific teacher efficacy scale, which is referred to as the RTSES. This scale was used to investigate whether tutors with high efficacy used more reading strategies while…

  16. The Role of Librarians in Academic Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia J. Dold


    Full Text Available Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skills are integral to academic success. In conjunction with research and teaching faculty, librarians create a framework for knowledge acquisition in the evolving university education.

  17. Moving from Introverted to Extraverted Embedded Librarian Services: An Example of a Proactive Model (United States)

    Knight, Valerie R.; Loftis, Charissa


    Librarians at Wayne State College have developed an extraverted online embedded librarian model whereby librarians proactively push out content to students at time-appropriate moments. This article outlines why extraverted approaches are more effective than introverted approaches. It also details how to develop an extraverted program. First,…

  18. The Correlation of Students' Views on Constructivist Teaching Environment and Teachers' Student Control Ideologies (United States)

    Beyhan, Omer


    The purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between elementary teachers' student control ideology and students' views on constructivist learning environment. In this study, the correlation between the views of teachers working in elementary schools on student control ideology and students' views on constructivist…

  19. ``It depends on what science teacher you got'': urban science self-efficacy from teacher and student voices (United States)

    Bolshakova, Virginia L. J.; Johnson, Carla C.; Czerniak, Charlene M.


    In the United States today, urban schools serve the majority of high-poverty and high minority populations including large numbers of Hispanic students. While many Hispanic students perform below grade level in middle school science, the science teaching community as a whole is lacking elements of diversity as teachers struggle to meet the needs of all learners. Researchers have recognized that science teacher effectiveness, one consequence of self-efficacy among teachers, is associated with future science achievement and science-related careers of their students. This qualitative study explores how three science teachers' effectiveness in the classroom impacts students' science self-efficacy beliefs at one urban middle school. Hispanic students were the focus of this investigation due to demographics and history of underperformance within this district. Teachers' perspectives, as well as outside observer evaluations of instructional strategies and classroom climates were triangulated to explore dynamics that influence students' interests and motivation to learn science using a framework to link teachers' sense of efficacy (focusing on student outcomes). Findings suggest the impact teacher effectiveness can have on student outcomes, including strengthened student science self-efficacy and increased science achievement. Building awareness and support in teachers' sense of efficacy, as well as developing respectful and supportive relationships between educator/facilitator and pupil during the transition to middle school may construct permanence and accomplishment for all in science.

  20. The Relationship between Student Teachers' Citizenship Skills and Critical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?smail Acun


    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to investigate the relationship between student teachers’ citizenship skills and their critical thinking skills. The New Turkish Primary Curriculum aims at educating pupils with pre-requisite skills and knowledge that are necessary for operating efficiently in a knowledge based society. There is a strong emphasis on improving generic skills of students. The skills of critical thinking, reflective thinking, inquiry and working in groups are thought to be necessary skills for effective teaching and learning. When it comes to citizenship education those skills, especially critical thinking skills, become even more important.There has been a shift in policy with the curriculum both in terms of its structure and its philosophy from ‘creating good citizens’ to ‘empowerment’. The teachers will be the agents for the proposed shift to occur in schools and in pupils’ hearts and minds. That is why it is important that teachers themselves should be equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge. In order to predict whether those aims will be realized or not, it is important to know whether teachers have those knowledge and skills. Thus, the question of whether there is relationship with citizenship qualifications and critical thinking skills will be investigated through student teachers.This study employs a survey research method. In order to collect data two different research tools are used. The data on student teachers’ citizenship skills were gathered through a ‘Citizenship Qualifications Scale’ developed by Yucel, Acun, Demirhan and Goz. The scale has to parts. First part contains questions on demographic information about teachers and teachers’ professional practice. Second part of the scale includes question/statements to determine teachers’ level of knowledge on citizenship themes, level of their behaviors and level of their importance attribution on the same themes. Those themes are categorized as ‘Active Citizenship’, ‘Enviromental Issues’, ‘Economy and Consumer Rights’, ‘Global Issues’, ‘Democracy: Equality and Respect’ and ‘Society and Individual’. In order to obtain information on their level of knowledge, behaviors and importance attribution on those 6 categories, 94 items were formulated. Likert type scale was used ranging from 1 to 5. The total reliability of the scale was ,89 Crombach’s Alpha.

  1. Traditional Teacher/New Wave Student. (United States)

    Norris, Dale

    What kind of meaningful learning goes on when an introverted and intuitive traditional professor imparts his knowledge to an extroverted student of the new wave generation? In a project exploring how teaching personalities influence student learning, a traditional professor of literature and a "new wave" (defined as characterized by improvisation…

  2. Determining the Study Skills of Student Teachers (United States)

    Tural Dincer, Guner; Akdeniz, Ali Riza


    Background: It is known that success of a student is affected by the skills of motivation, time management. Studies have showed that there is positive relationship between academic achievement and study skills of a student. Purpose: It is thought that study skills of learners should be defined to be more successful on teaching-learning process.…

  3. Investigating Teacher Noticing of Student Algebraic Thinking (United States)

    Walkoe, Janet Dawn Kim


    Learning algebra is critical for students in the U.S. today. Algebra concepts provide the foundation for much advanced mathematical content. In addition, algebra serves as a gatekeeper to opportunities such as admission to college. Yet many students in the U.S. struggle in algebra classes. Researchers claim that one reason for these difficulties…

  4. Interrogation in Teacher-Student Interaction in Bahasa Indonesia Learning at Elementary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Hamsa


    Full Text Available Interrogation in Teacher-Student Interaction in Bahasa Indonesia Learning at Elementary School. This study aimed to describe the form, function, and questioning strategies teachers in teacher-student interrogation in Bahasa Indonesia learning in elementary school. Data sourced from four teacher of elementary school, SDN Tamangapa and SD Inpres Tamangapa. Data were obtained by (1 recording, (2 documentation, (3 field notes, (4 interview. The results showed that: (1 the form of questioning the teacher in the teacher-student interaction in Bahasa Indonesia learning in primary schools generally examined the low-level thinking skills, (2 functions of teacher questions are generally intended to check student understanding, and (3 teachers utilize a variety of strategies in addressing student answers correctly and the apparent hesitation. Some disadvantages are indicated teachers in providing interrogation.

  5. Students', Guardians', and Teachers' Perceptions of Student-Led Conferences (United States)

    Orso, Charlotte Lindsey


    The purpose of the study was to examine the ELL and non-ELL students', guardians', and the English as a second language (ESL) teachers' perceptions of student-led conferences. Specifically, the study examined if ELL students' and guardians' preferences were similar to non-ELL students' and guardians' preferences…

  6. Teacher-Students’ Interactions in Task-Based vs Form-Focused Instruction


    Massoud Rahimpour; Massoumeh Magsoudpour


    Teacher-students’ and students-students’ interactions are of significant importance in foreign language teaching and learning. It is argued that interactions between teachers and students facilitate language development and lead to better language learning. The present study is an attempt to investigate the effect of two teaching approaches: 1. Task-Based Instruction (TBI) and 2. Form-Focused Instruction (FFI) on the quantity and quality of teacher-students’ interactions ref...

  7. The Influence of the Teacher’s Sex on High School Students’ Engagement and Achievement in Science.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyvind Elstad


    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to explore relationships between teachers’ sex and a range of variables relating to adolescent students’ perceptions of their classroom engagement, quality of teaching and responses to their teacher, and their own achievements in science. A cross-sectional survey of 798 Norwegian students showed the potential influence of the sex of the teacher on engagement, motivation, volition, and learning outcomes which was estimated after they had known their teachers for six months. The conclusion is that there are interesting interactions between the sex of students and the sex of science teachers in high school along some dimensions. The statistical significant findings support the sex-stereotypic notion, while there are also tendencies supporting the sex-opposite notion. However, in most instances significant interactions between teacher sex and student sex are not established. The conclusion is more nuanced than in earlier studies. Study shortcomings and implications for the practice of future research are discussed.

  8. Generating Knowledge and Avoiding Plagiarism: Smart Information Use by High School Students (United States)

    Williamson, Kirsty; McGregor, Joy


    The article reports phase 2 of a two-year study, dubbed the Smart Information Use project, the focus of which was appropriate seeking and use of information by students at various stages of their high school education, along with the avoidance of plagiarism. In four Australian high schools, teacher librarians and classroom teachers developed and…

  9. The spirituality of student teachers: a blind spot?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. de Klerk-Luttig


    Full Text Available This article, which is framed in a Christian perspective, argues the importance of creating a space to nurture the spirituality of student teachers since that colours the entire educational experience. Teacher education ought to be done in an environment which is conducive not only to intellectual growth, but also to spiritual growth. First, the concept of spirituality is briefly explained. The particular experiences of a lecturer in the Philosophy of Education, who is attempting to provide support for the spiritual dimension of students by challenging them to explore some of the fundamental questions of life, form the central part of the article. Ways are suggested of not only acknowledging the spirituality of education students, but also nurturing and deepening it. Finally, suggestions for further research are outlined.

  10. Prospective Teachers Proportional Reasoning and Presumption of Student Work

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    Mujiyem Sapti


    Full Text Available This study aimed to describe the proportional reasoning of prospective teachers and their predictions about students' answers. Subjects were 4 prospective teacher  7th semester Department of Mathematics Education, Muhammadiyah University of Purworejo. Proportional reasoning task used to obtain research data. Subjects were asked to explain their reasoning and write predictions of student completion. Data was taken on October 15th, 2014. Interviews were conducted after the subjects completed the task and recorded with audio media. The research data were subject written work and interview transcripts. Data were analyzed using qualitative analysis techniques. In solving the proportional reasoning task, subjects using the cross product. However, they understand the meaning of the cross product. Subject also could predict students' reasoning on the matter.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Wo?odkiewicz


    Full Text Available Within the broadly defined field of human communication an important aspect is related to the teacher-students interactions. The character of these interactions may decisively determine students’ achievements. The opinion on the transactional nature of the interaction requires the individuals organising the education process to deconstruct the paradigm on the unidirectional process of human communication and to contribute to the creation of conditions promoting reciprocity of interactions. This paper presents the contemporary concept of communication and the term “interaction” was analysed using respective examples given in literature on the subject. Moreover, results of studies describing the nature of teacher-students interactions are presented and key factors determining their course are characterised.

  12. Nonfiction Book Apps: Addressing CCSS and Engaging Students (United States)

    Potter, Cathy; Scheuer, Mary Ann


    As schools around the country implement the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), teachers and school librarians are looking for ways to incorporate more engaging nonfiction reading. The quantity of informational texts students will be required to read will increase drastically, and students will be asked to apply higher-level thinking skills to…

  13. Linking Teacher Beliefs, Practices and Student Inquiry-Based Learning in a CSCL Environment: A Tale of Two Teachers (United States)

    Song, Yangjie; Looi, Chee-Kit


    The links uncovered by research connecting teacher beliefs to classroom practice and student inquiry-based learning are tenuous. This study aims at examining (a) "how" teacher beliefs influenced practices; and (b) "how" the influence on practices, in turn, impacted student inquiry learning in a CSCL environment. Through a fine-grained comparative…

  14. Engaging teachers & students in geosciences by exploring local geoheritage sites (United States)

    Gochis, E. E.; Gierke, J. S.


    Understanding geoscience concepts and the interactions of Earth system processes in one's own community has the potential to foster sound decision making for environmental, economic and social wellbeing. School-age children are an appropriate target audience for improving Earth Science literacy and attitudes towards scientific practices. However, many teachers charged with geoscience instruction lack awareness of local geological significant examples or the pedagogical ability to integrate place-based examples into their classroom practice. This situation is further complicated because many teachers of Earth science lack a firm background in geoscience course work. Strategies for effective K-12 teacher professional development programs that promote Earth Science literacy by integrating inquiry-based investigations of local and regional geoheritage sites into standards based curriculum were developed and tested with teachers at a rural school on the Hannahville Indian Reservation located in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The workshops initiated long-term partnerships between classroom teachers and geoscience experts. We hypothesize that this model of professional development, where teachers of school-age children are prepared to teach local examples of earth system science, will lead to increased engagement in Earth Science content and increased awareness of local geoscience examples by K-12 students and the public.

  15. Teachers’ Nonverbal Behavior and Its Impact on Student Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noureen Asghar Chaudhry


    Full Text Available The observational study was conducted to see the impact of teachers’ nonverbal behavior on academic achievement of learners. This also investigated the relationship of nonverbal communication of teachers working in different educational institutions. Main objectives of study were to measure nonverbal behavior of teachers’ both male and female working in English medium Federal Government Cantt Garrison schools, Army Public schools and Private schools and to find out the relationship between teachers’ nonverbal behavior and academic achievement of students. 90 science teachers were randomly chosen through cluster sampling technique. An observation form with seven-point rating scale (semantic differential based on Galloways’ categories of nonverbal communication was developed. The rating scale complemented verbal dimension of Flanders’ interaction categories through nonverbal dimension. Design of research was descriptive cum observational. The statistical techniques of frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and ANNOVA and t-test were used for analysis. The results were generalized to the population by means of appropriate inferential statistics. It was found that the nonverbal behavior of the teachers was found to be consistent with their verbal behavior. 

  16. Teachers unions and student performance: help or hindrance? (United States)

    Eberts, Randall W


    Randall Eberts explores the role of teachers unions in public education. He focuses particularly on how collective bargaining agreements shape the delivery of educational services, how unions affect both student achievement and the cost of providing quality education, and how they support educational reform efforts. Eberts's synthesis of the empirical research concludes that union bargaining raises teachers' compensation, improves their working conditions, and enhances their employment security-while also raising the cost of providing public education by upwards of 15 percent. The effect of unions on student performance is mixed. Students of average ability who attend school in union districts perform better on standardized tests, whereas low-achieving and high-achieving students perform worse. However, the overall gain in achievement does not make up for the higher cost. Of late, unions have begun to be more supportive of school reform, moving from an adversarial bargaining model to a more collaborative one in which teachers and administrators share common goals and hold joint responsibility. Yet unions' desire to participate in reform does not match their fervor to organize in the 1960s and 1970s. While national union leadership has talked about reform, local affiliates have initiated most of the reform efforts, pioneering reforms such as accountability and incentive pay. In Eberts's view, one reason that unions have been slow to embrace reform efforts is the lack of consensus on their effectiveness. He argues that many reforms have been too narrowly focused; rather, effective schools result from well-designed systems and processes. In principle, adopting standards that help teachers focus on lessons they want students to learn, aligning their teaching to the lessons, and devising measurements that demonstrate that students are responding to these lessons can improve teaching as long as the public, policymakers, and school administrators acknowledge the complexity of the learning process and the broad outcomes that society desires. PMID:17407928

  17. Favorable and Unfavorable Characteristics of EFL Teachers Perceived by University Students of Thailand


    Jun Chen


    Teachers play pivotal roles in EFL classrooms. Characteristics of EFL teachers may affect students’ attitudes and motivations to language learning. The effective/good characteristics of the EFL teachers perceived by the students have been extensively investigated by the previous research works. However, the perceptions of the students from different backgrounds to EFL teachers may vary in different learning settings. In addition, the research works on both favorable and unfavorable characte...

  18. The relationship of teachers' and students' motivation in ELT in Malta: a mixed methods study


    Mifsud, Maria


    This thesis investigates the relationship between the motivation of secondary school teachers and students of English in Malta. The study involved 34 Form Four teachers of English and their 612 students (15 year-olds). A mixed methods research methodology, involving a survey and an interview study which complemented each other, was employed. The survey measured levels of teacher and student motivation and the relationship between them through questionnaires. Some of the teachers who had taken...

  19. The teachers’ motivation for working with musically gifted students


    Radic?evic?, Alenka


    In my diploma thesis I deal with the teachers’ motivational stance towards working with musically gifted students, as this area has not been the subject of extensive research. As an introduction, I shall present the structure of the role of the teacher, for which motivation is one of the crucial elements. It is this structure that takes up a great part of the diploma thesis, as it describes the problem that is at the heart of the research. The second part of the thesis deals with working wi...

  20. The Living Network of Schools Owned by Teachers and Students

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    Glazek, S D


    This paper describes a network of teachers and students who form a living system of education at all levels and achieve high standards. The key process of the network is the process of effective learning by inquiry. Physics is distinguished among sciences as the most transparent source of understanding what it means to learn effectively by inquiry. We suggest that teachers and others who are interested in building the network start from learning about the contexts of productive learning by inquiry using specially designed and well tested materials from education of physics. We provide an outline of the process of creating the network.

  1. CARTS: Cultural Arts Resources for Teachers and Students (United States)

    Designed and maintained by Gail Matthews-DeNatale, CARTS is a collection of online resources pertaining to folklore, anthropology, traditional arts, oral history, and community-based education. CARTS is designed to help K-12 teachers, students, and community members develop links between school curricula and local cultural traditions. At the site users will find a number of resources for this effort, such as an interview with a National Heritage Award-winning artist, a discussion list, teacher institute retrospectives, regional slide shows, and links to relevant regional resources.

  2. Unraveling Gender Bias from Student Evaluations of their High School Physics Teachers (United States)

    Hazari, Zahra; Potvin, Geoff; Tai, Robert; Sadler, Philip


    In this talk, the evaluation of high school physics, chemistry, and biology teachers by their students is examined according to the gender of the student and the gender of the teacher. Female teachers are rated significantly lower than male teachers by male students in all three disciplines, while female students under-rate female teachers only in physics. Interestingly, physics is also the field that suffers the greatest lack of females and has been criticized most for its androcentric culture. The gender bias in teacher ratings persists even after accounting for academic performance, classroom experiences, and family support. Further, male and female teachers in each discipline appear equally effective at preparing their students for future science study in college, suggesting that students have a discipline-specific gender bias. Such a bias may negatively impact female students and contribute to the loss of females in STEM fields.

  3. Teacher: Students' Interpersonal Relationships and Students' Academic Achievements in Social Studies (United States)

    Fan, F. A.


    Background: The classroom is a social system in which the teacher and the students interact as organizational members. The quality of classroom relations is dependent on the activities of both the instructor and the students. Several environmental conditions and circumstances often tend to either improve or depress the academic performances of…

  4. Oxyacetylene Welding and Oxyfuel Cutting. Third Edition. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. (United States)

    Knapp, John; Harper, Eddie

    This Oklahoma curriculum guide, which includes a teacher edition, a student edition, and a student workbook, provides three units for a course on oxyacetylene welding, oxyfuel cutting, and cutting done with alternative fuels such as MAPP, propane, and natural gas. The three units are: "Oxyacetylene Welding"; "Oxyfuel Cutting"; and "Oxyacetylene…

  5. Assessing Students' Oral Proficiency in an Outcome-Based Curriculum: Student Performance and Teacher Intuitions. (United States)

    Glisan, Eileen W.; Foltz, David A.


    A study in two high school language programs investigated students' oral proficiency (OPI) interview ratings after a typical four-year sequence, degree to which teachers could accurately predict students' ratings, and relationship between classroom achievement and OP ratings. Results provide valuable information for states and school districts as…

  6. Personal Fitness. Teacher's Guide [and Student Workbook]. Revised Edition. Parallel Alternative Strategies for Students (PASS). (United States)

    Broussard, Lee Ann; Goldstein, Jeren; Walford, Sylvia B.

    This teacher's guide and student workbook are part of a series of supplementary curriculum packages of alternative methods and activities designed to meet the needs of Florida secondary students with mild disabilities or other special learning needs. Content is based on the Florida Curriculum Frameworks and correlates to the Sunshine State…

  7. Black Students in Interracial Schools: A Guide for Students, Teachers, and Parents. (United States)

    Smith, Ed

    This guide for students, teachers, and parents addresses the needs of black students in interracial schools by offering strategies and advice for coping and success. Issues discussed include: (1) conditions for blacks as a group; (2) self definition; (3) friends and associates; (4) family relationships; (5) the legal system; (6) mental and…

  8. Engaging ADHD Students in Tasks with Hand Gestures: A Pedagogical Possibility for Teachers (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-Lei; Bernas, Ronan; Eberhard, Philippe


    This study examines the effects of teachers' speech and hand gestures on the task performances of students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Forty-five 7 1/2-year-old students clinically diagnosed with ADHD participated in the study. The students were asked to solve three sets of puzzles. The teachers supported the students in…

  9. The Importance of Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour for Secondary Science Students' Attitudes in Kashmir (United States)

    den Brok, Perry; Fisher, Darrell; Koul, Rekha


    This study focuses on the relationship between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and students' attitudes toward science. To investigate this relationship, student perception data have been gathered with 1021 secondary science students, located in 31 classes in Kashmir, India. Teacher interpersonal behaviour was conceptualised in terms of two…

  10. Student and Teacher Attendance: The Role of Shared Goods in Reducing Absenteeism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banerjee, Ritwik; King, Elizabeth


    A theoretical model is advanced that demonstrates that, if teacher and student attendance generate a shared good, then teacher and student attendance will be mutually reinforcing. Using data from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan, empirical evidence supporting that proposition is advanced. Controlling for the endogeneity of teacher and student attendance, the most powerful factor raising teacher attendance is the attendance of the children in the school, and the most important factor influencing child attendance is the presence of the teacher. The results suggest that one important avenue to be explored in developing policies to reduce teacher absenteeism is to focus on raising the attendance of children.

  11. Representations used by mathematics student teachers in mathematical modeling process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aytu? Özaltun


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine representations used by mathematics student teachers in steps of mathematical modeling process based on their solutions of problems formed in the context of different classification of modeling. The study was conducted with fifteen secondary mathematics student teachers given a Mathematical Modeling course. The participants were separated into five collaboration groups of three students. Data were collected with the detailed written papers given by the groups for the problems and GeoGebra solution files. The groups benefited from verbal, algebraic, figural, tabular and dynamic representations while they were solving the problems. Considering all steps of the process, groups at most used verbal and algebraic representations. While they used only verbal representation in analyzing the problem, they benefited from at most verbal representation and then figural representation in establishing the systematic structure. The most used is algebraic and then verbal representations in the steps of mathematization, meta-mathematization, and mathematical analysis. In the steps of interpretation/evaluation and the model verification, the groups mainly benefited from verbal and then algebraic representations. Further researches towards why representations are preferred in the specific steps of the mathematical modeling process are suggested.Key Words: Mathematical modeling, modeling problems, mathematics student teachers, representations.

  12. Teachers´Constructions of Multilingual Students Competence Levels in LIteracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Lars

    Abstract Based on a theoretical understanding of standardised literacy testing as a social practice (Hamilton, 2001; 2012) this paper explores and discusses teachers´ perceptions of and practices around National standardised literacy testing in a Danish primary class with multilingual students. In the first part of the presentation it is analysed how the literacy tests used in the classroom construct a representation of a literacy level, and how this construction relates to central issues in the international academic discourse about standardised literacy testing of multilingual students. In the second part of the presentation it is explored how these standardised testing instruments and the result of the tests are embedded in teachers´ practices and in their perceptions of multilingual students´ literacy levels. The analysis is based on a six year longitudinal study in one primary school class in Denmark. Besides the standardised tests used in the classrooms the data consists of interviews with teachers,of observations of testing practices, and of school-home conferences. The analysis reveals that the validity of the standardised literacy tests is questioned in relation to multilingual students, and that the teachers embed the tests and their results in a broader competence framework in which a testing based construction and an everyday based construction of competence are operating side by side. These findings give reason to question and discuss equality oriented educational programmes and strategies for multilingual students in which literacy testing plays a central role, and to discuss ethical issues around the production and use of literacy tests in educational contexts characterised by linguistic diversity.

  13. "It's about the Kids": Transforming Teacher-Student Relationships through Action Research (United States)

    Rogers, Dwight; Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Anderson, Amy; Gordon, Evelyn; Manfra, Meghan McGlinn; Yow, Jan


    Action research is often included in teacher education programs to improve teacher reflection and practice; however, there is little indication of its impact on students. In this article, the authors examine action research conducted by 114 experienced teachers enrolled in a masters of education program. The teachers came from a range of…

  14. Do Teacher Characteristics Affect Student Achievement? Evidence from a Rural State (United States)

    Shuls, James V.


    Using a unique dataset, this dissertation analyzes the relationship between observable teacher characteristics and teacher effectiveness. Effectiveness is measured as a teacher's ability to improve student achievement on a standardized test. This analysis focuses on teachers of math and science at the elementary and middle school levels, as…

  15. Measuring Usable Knowledge: Teachers' Analyses of Mathematics Classroom Videos Predict Teaching Quality and Student Learning (United States)

    Kersting, Nicole B.; Givvin, Karen B.; Thompson, Belinda J.; Santagata, Rossella; Stigler, James W.


    This study explores the relationships between teacher knowledge, teaching practice, and student learning in mathematics. It extends previous work that developed and evaluated an innovative approach to assessing teacher knowledge based on teachers' analyses of classroom video clips. Teachers watched and commented on 13 fraction clips. These written…

  16. Teacher Question and Student Response with Regard to Cognition and Language Use (United States)

    Lee, Youngju; Kinzie, Mable B.


    In the current study, we focus on teacher-student discourse in Pre-K science activities, with particular attention to teacher questioning. Videotaped classroom observations and teacher interviews served as the corpus of data. Overall, teachers asked mostly closed-ended questions, but used more open-ended questions when experiments were being…

  17. Attitudes of Serbian and Slovenian Student Teachers towards Causes of Learning Underachievement amongst Roma Pupils (United States)

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Pecek, Mojca


    The task of initial teacher education is to prepare student teachers (ST) to accept responsibility for improving the education of all pupils, including Roma pupils. Thus, knowledge of ST's attitudes regarding such pupils at the onset of initial teacher education is a key for the creation of teacher education programmes that challenge implicit…

  18. An Investigation of Students’ Face Wants in Chinese English Teachers’ Classroom Feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanli Zhao


    Full Text Available In order to create a new teacher-student relationship and raise students’ politeness awareness and pragmatic competence in cross-cultural communication, this paper investigated and analyzed students’ face wants and English teachers’ awareness of students’ face want in their classroom feedback. The main data-gathering instruments are MP3-recording, non-participant observation, follow-up structured-interviews and closed- questionnaires. The results reveal that 60.6% of the teacher participants are frequently aware of their students’ face wants, and 27.2% of them are sometimes, while the other teachers seldom or never consider the students’ face want. Because of being influenced by the Chinese traditional culture in which teachers are superiors, not thoroughly understanding English Curriculum Standard which calls for human concern, and knowing a little about pragmatic theories, some Chinese English teachers ignore students’ face want. Suggestions on how to save students’ face want are put forward.

  19. Student Motivation: A Recipe for Teacher Educators. (United States)

    Kasambira, K. Paul

    A review of literature dealing with psychological needs, including work by Maslow (with explanations of comfort, security, the social instinct, ego gratification, and self actualization) serves as a foundation for an examination of the problem of motivating students. Two major causes of lack of motivation, poor teaching and poor curriculum, are…

  20. "Philia" and Pedagogy "Side by Side": The Perils and Promise of Teacher-Student Friendships (United States)

    Shuffelton, Amy B.


    This paper asks whether teachers and students can be friends with one another and yet maintain their integrity as teachers and students. It provides an account of friendship, drawing on Aristotle, Montaigne, and contemporary work by Elizabeth Telfer and Lawrence Blum, and addresses two key challenges: first, that teachers must be impartial and…

  1. The Impact of the COPET Programme on Student PE Teachers' Teaching Practice Experiences (United States)

    Dunning, Carol; Meegan, Sarah; Woods, Catherine; Belton, Sarah Jane


    Teaching practice is a decisive event in a student teacher's training and shapes the beginnings of their life in the teaching profession. It is widely recognized that student teachers' learning opportunities can be maximized during teaching practice by cooperating teacher contribution (Hardy, 1999; O'Sullivan, 2003; Rikard and Veal, 1996;…

  2. How Can Student Success Support Teacher Self-Efficacy and Retention? (United States)

    Pedota, Paul J.


    As they embrace their new profession, teachers across the country face many challenges as they strive to reach all students and have each succeed. Student success or lack of success impacts teacher self-efficacy, and ultimately the decision as to whether to remain in the profession. This article explores how teachers can support the academic…

  3. Community Music Activity in a Refugee Camp--Student Music Teachers' Practicum Experiences (United States)

    Broeske-Danielsen, Brit Aagot


    This article reports on a study of student music teachers' learning experiences whilst practising their teaching skills in a community music project in a Palestinian refugee camp in Lebanon. I will be discussing findings that relate those experiences to the student teachers' competence development as professional music teachers. In 2010,…

  4. The Impact of Gender on Chinese Elementary School Teachers' Perceptions of Student Behavior Problems (United States)

    Caldarella, Paul; Shatzer, Ryan H.; Richardson, Michael J.; Shen, Jiliang; Zhang, Na; Zhang, Caiyun


    Background: Research on teacher perceptions of student behavior problems is relatively recent in the People's Republic of China. Although some findings are consistent with research in Western settings, interesting differences have emerged. A question that has yet to be examined is the role of teacher and student gender in teachers' perceptions of…

  5. Evaluation of Computer Based Foreign Language Learning Software by Teachers and Students (United States)

    Baz, Fatih Çagatay; Tekdal, Mehmet


    The aim of this study is to evaluate Computer Based Foreign Language Learning software called Dynamic Education (DYNED) by teachers and students. The study is conducted with randomly chosen ten primary schools with the participants of 522 7th grade students and 7 English teachers. Three points Likert scale for teachers and five points Likert scale…

  6. Development of an Automated System for Evaluation of Student Teacher Effectiveness. Final Report. (United States)

    Chissom, Brad S.; Morris, John E.

    The primary purpose of this project was to develop a system for the evaluation of student teachers employing automated data processing as an integral part of the system. This system employed data gathered from four sources: (1) Public School Pupils, Grades 7-12; (2) Student Teachers; (3) Supervising Teachers; (4) College Supervisors. The emphasis…

  7. The Importance of Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour for Student Attitudes in Brunei Primary Science Classes. Research Report (United States)

    den Brok, Perry; Fisher, Darrell; Scott, Rowena


    This study investigated relationships between students' perceptions of their teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their subject-related attitude in primary science classes in Brunei. Teacher-student interpersonal behaviour was mapped with the "Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction" (QTI) and reported in terms of two independent dimensions called…

  8. Who Assigns the Most ICT Activities? Examining the Relationship between Teacher and Student Usage (United States)

    Hsu, Shihkuan


    The expansion of information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure in schools is expected to promote learning. To what extent teachers are utilizing the new ICT tools to engage students in learning activities remains a question. This study reports what kind of activities teachers are likely to assign students, and what type of teachers

  9. A Study on Attitude of Urban and Rural College Student Teachers Towards Science (United States)

    Srinivasan, Prakash; Xavier, Amaladoss


    There is a great need to identify and develop positive attitude towards science subject of student teachers. The time has come to increase our efforts to develop positive attitude towards science subject among teachers, student teachers and school children. This is an immediate requirement of the present day. This paper reports on attitude of…

  10. An Inquiry into the Development of Critical Reflection in Secondary Student Teachers. (United States)

    Dinkelman, Todd


    Examined the development of critical reflection in preservice secondary social studies teachers during one student teaching semester. Using action research, the study investigated student teachers' deliberation about the ethical and moral basis of their work as teachers and reflection on the broader social conditions of teaching. Results revealed…

  11. Reflecting to Conform? Exploring Irish Student Teachers' Discourses in Reflective Practice (United States)

    McGarr, Oliver; McCormack, Orla


    A new model of reflective practice for student teachers on school placement was implemented into a teacher education program. The model aimed to encourage critical reflection that challenged hegemonic assumptions and power relations. In contrast to this, the analysis of the student teachers' reflections revealed a desire to fit in and…

  12. Telling Is Compelling: The Impact of Student Reports of Bullying on Teacher Intervention (United States)

    Novick, Rona Milch; Isaacs, Jenny


    Research increasingly recognises the importance of student bystander and adult educator shared responsibility for successful bully prevention. The role of teacher observations versus student reports of bullying, as well as staff preparedness, as predictors of teacher involvement was investigated in 115 middle school teachers. Being told by…

  13. A Quantitative Discourse Analysis of Student-Initiated Checks of Understanding during Teacher-Fronted Lessons (United States)

    Shepherd, Michael A.


    Recent research highlights the paradoxical importance of students' being able to check their understanding with teachers and of teachers' constraining student participation. Using quantitative discourse analysis, this paper examines third graders' discursive strategies in initiating such checks and teachers' strategies in constraining them. The…

  14. The Perception Gap: Sociodemographic Factors Affecting Teacher Perceptions of Students in Urban Schools (United States)

    Llamas, Joseph M.


    Two hundred and sixty two K-12 teachers, ranging from pre-service to experienced teachers, and from elementary to high school, were surveyed regarding their perceptions of students based on gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and behavior. Utilizing a five point scale that surveyed teachers' responses to narratives of student stereotypes…

  15. Student Teachers' Development of a Positive Attitude towards Research and Research Knowledge and Skills (United States)

    van der Linden, Wietse; Bakx, Anouke; Ros, Anje; Beijaard, Douwe; Vermeulen, Marc


    The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of student teachers participating in an introductory course, designed to stimulate the development of a positive attitude towards research and to stimulate the development of research knowledge and skills by second-year student teachers of an institute of primary teacher education. A…

  16. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: Making the Most of Recent Research. TQ Research & Policy Brief (United States)

    Goe, Laura; Stickler, Leslie M.


    While many studies attest that some teachers contribute more to their students' academic growth than other teachers, research has not been very successful at identifying the specific teacher qualifications, characteristics, and classroom practices that are most likely to improve student learning. Unfortunately, this is just the information that…

  17. Spanish Teachers' Sense of Humor and Student Performance on the National Spanish Exams (United States)

    Swanson, Peter B.


    Research suggests that second/foreign language teachers' sense of humor is directly related to many outcomes for teachers and their students. This research investigates the relationship between the perceived sense of humor of in-service Spanish teachers' (n?=?102) and their students' (n?=?5,419) score on the National Spanish Exams…

  18. Il system librarian


    Spinello, Annalisa


    The aim of this literature review is to investigate the roles and activities of the library systems specialist or system librarian, an entirely new breed of library professional developed during the library automation process all over the world.

  19. The Role of Science Teachers' Beliefs in International Classrooms : From Teacher Actions to Student Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    This book provides science teacher educators and science educational researchers with a current overview on the roles of beliefs in science education settings. There are four focal areas in the book: an overview of this field of research, lines of research, implications for policy, and implications for educators. Within each of these areas there are specific explorations that examine important areas such as, the roles of beliefs in teaching and learning, the impact of beliefs on student achievement, and ways in which beliefs are connected to teacher actions in the classroom. Throughout all of these discussions, there is a focus on international perspectives. Those reading this book can use the research presented to consider how to confront, challenge, and cultivate beliefs during the teacher professional development process.

  20. Student science teachers’ ideas about endangered bird species: Hermit ibis, chukar partridge




    In this study, student science teachers’ ideas and views of endangered bird species and their protection are analysed. 173 student science teachers studying at Selcuk University in the department of science education, participated in the study. Data analysis provides evidence that the majority of students thought that human intervention is required to protect endangered birds. Student teachers gave their opinions relating to hunting prohibitions, preventing pollution and protecting the enviro...

  1. An Investigation of Students’ Face Wants in Chinese English Teachers’ Classroom Feedback


    Wanli Zhao


    In order to create a new teacher-student relationship and raise students’ politeness awareness and pragmatic competence in cross-cultural communication, this paper investigated and analyzed students’ face wants and English teachers’ awareness of students’ face want in their classroom feedback. The main data-gathering instruments are MP3-recording, non-participant observation, follow-up structured-interviews and closed- questionnaires. The results reveal that 60.6% of the teacher parti...

  2. To What Extent Do Teacher-Student Interaction Quality and Student Gender Contribute to Fifth Graders' Engagement in Mathematics Learning? (United States)

    Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Baroody, Alison E.; Larsen, Ross A. A.; Curby, Timothy W.; Abry, Tashia


    This study examines concurrent teacher-student interaction quality and 5th graders' (n = 387) engagement in mathematics classrooms (n = 63) and considers how teacher-student interaction quality relates to engagement differently for boys and girls. Three approaches were used to measure student engagement in mathematics: Research assistants observed…

  3. Students' Silent Messages: Can Teacher Verbal and Nonverbal Immediacy Moderate Student Use of Text Messaging in Class? (United States)

    Wei, Fang-Yi Flora; Wang, Y. Ken


    This study investigated the relationship between teacher immediacy and college students' use of text messaging in class. Using a cross-sectional survey sample (N=228), structural equation model analyses showed that students' learning motivation does not mediate the potential effects of teacher immediacy and students' use of text messaging in…

  4. Streaming and Students’ Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Correspondence Bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui


    Full Text Available This  study  was  aimed  to  investigate  the  effect  of  students’ streaming  practice  in  Malaysian  secondary  on  students’  self-esteem  through teachers’ expectancy.   17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools  in  Penang,  Malaysia  were  participated  in  this  study.  Unstructured interviews  were  used  on  teachers  to  collect  the  qualitative  data  of  teachers’ expectancy.  The  participating  students  were  from  the  fourth  year  of  secondary school  in  Malaysian  school  system  (between  16-17  years  old,  10  from  science stream  and  10  from  arts  stream  were  interviewed  in  order  to  collect  the qualitative data of teachers’ perceived behavior and self-esteem. Result  of  this  study  shown  that  teachers  expected  science  stream students to have good academic performance but expected arts stream students to  be  involved  in  disciplinary  problems.  Furthermore,  science  stream  students perceived  that  their  teachers  were  academically  supportive  but  arts  stream students  perceived  that  their  teachers  were  focusing  on  controlling  their behavior.  On  the  other  hand,  findings  of  this  study  also  revealed  that  science stream  students  possed  higher  level  of  self-esteem than  arts  stream  students. Accordingly,  it  was  indicated  that  teachers’  perceived  behavior  and  teachers’ expectancy  are  correlated  to  one  another,  and  teachers’  perceived  behavior predicts students’ self-esteem. It was discovered that teachers expected science stream students to be eager to improve their academic performance, and students from arts stream class  were likely to be involved in disciplinary problems. Students  were found to  be  aware  of  their  teachers’  expectancy,  and  their  perception  of  teachers’ expectancy  affected  their  self-esteem.  While  self-esteem  was  referred  to  a discrepancy  between  a  student’s  ideal-self  and  actual-self,  it  was  discovered that  both  groups  of  students  pictured  their  ideal-self  differently  to  each  other. Science  stream  students  pictured  their  ideal-selves  as  a  character  with  overall success, while arts stream students pictured their ideal-selves as a socially well-functioned  character.  Nevertheless,  arts  stream  students  found  to  have  lower self-esteem.  It  was  concluded  that  streaming  affected  the  students’  self-esteem through teachers’ expectancy and perceived behavior.Keywords:   Streaming,  students’  self-esteem,  teachers’  expectancy,  science stream, arts stream, supportive, controlling.

  5. Social Marketing and the School Library: An Effective Path to Collaboration? A Review of: Immroth, Barbara and W. Bernard Lukenbill. “Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study.” School Library Media Research 10 (2007. 22 April 2008 .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel


    Full Text Available Objective – The study attempted to apply the strategies of social marketing theory to collaboration between school librarians andteachers. Design – Based on the 1972 theory of social marketing by Zaltman, Kotler and Kaufman, a cohort of students in a graduate-level practicum established a collaborative unit with selected teachers within their school. In addition, two focus groups were conducted in alternate schools to gauge the overall attitudes of teachers toward collaboration with school librarians.Subjects – Students (student librarians in a graduate-level certification class for Texas school librarians, and both teachers and librarians in host schools/districts for the graduate students’ practicum experiences Methods – Researchers used qualitative approaches, both case study and focus groups, to gather data about the collaborative interactions between teachers and school librarians. The interactions were designed using the social marketing AIDA model (Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action. Social marketing, based on models of commercial marketing, assumes that social goodwill is a motivator for establishing interactions between groups – or selling a service that is for the greater good. Students in a graduate-level practicum were instructed to develop a strategy based on the AIDA model to elicit and carry out a collaborative unit with teachers in their host schools. They were given specific guidelines by the principal investigators that included:• Instructions for designing announcements, leaflets, and conferences as marketing strategies • Instructional unit designs for subject content and information literacy skills• Incentive payments of $200 to be used for library resources as anincentive to collaborate.• The steps to engaging in the collaborative process • Procedural guidelines for taking field notes, unobtrusive observations and informal evidence.Summative evaluation was based on a reflective journaling exercise by both student librarian and teacher. Measurements and recordings were analysed using accepted case study methods.Main Results – Social Marketing Model The researchers evaluated the study in each of the four aspects of the Social Marketing Model.Attention (A – Gaining Attention and Convincing. Efforts to gain attention through student choices of flyers to teachers were not successful. E-mail announcements were more effective, but it appeared that direct librarian-teacher contact was the most effective. The monetary incentive also did not appear to have an effect on response rate. Host librarians did make suggestions regarding the appropriateness of when and how to distribute the flyers in some cases. Researchers concluded that perhaps such a straightforward advertising approach did not fit in the established relationships, and may be a better choice for new librarians who are establishing their presence in schools.Interest (I - Promoting Interest in Services and/or Products - Researchers noted that initial strategies did not promote interest in the field study project. Teachers cited time and test–related curriculum restraints, and viewed the project as an “extra” responsibility. The researchers note the need to establish the value of the collaborative instruction to long-term goals for both teachers and librarians. The focus groups showed more interest in collaboration, and an awareness of the value of librarians’ collaboration in promoting effective teaching and improving student achievement.Desire (D and Action (A – Recognizing Values and Taking Action. Field test responses did not reflect desire on the part of teachers to collaborate with student librarians. Only two teachers responded directly to the advertisement. The offer of monetary incentive ($200 in library supplies also did not appear to increase motivation of teachers to participate. Results after the field test showed that overall, teachers gained an appreciation of the value of collaboration with school librarians, and indicated they would be open to future projects. Action Process

  6. Gulf Oil Spill: Teacher and Student Resources (United States)


    The Gulf of Mexico (GOM) oil spill website, hosted by the four GOM Sea Grant programs, provides visitors with access to a wealth of data concerning the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Resources listed on this page were compiled by the Office of Environmental Education (OEE) of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection for formal and non-formal educators. Included are curriculum, student blogs and volunteer opportunities.

  7. The Aztec: Mexico Student Teacher Resource Center (United States)

    Frederiksen, Thomas H.

    Owned and managed by Thomas H. Frederiksen, this site contains a considerable amount of introductory information on Aztec Rulers, Religion, Medicine, and Codices. A Student Resource Guide features biography and geography information, pronunciation tips, a suggested reading list, and selected library listings. The site as a whole contains several bibliographies and links to illustrations. Additional resources include a fairly large collection of links, conference announcements, and a list of new and used books for sale.

  8. Indians of California: Resources for California Teachers and Students (United States)

    Beckman, Tad.

    Tad Beckman, professor at Harvey Mudd College, has compiled a selection of educational resources for students and teachers studying the indigenous people of California in his Indians of California site. The general resources section includes a selection of informative books, related maps, and a lengthy historical sketch. Information specific to four geographic regions is also provided; each region's resources are divided by Reservations and Rancherias, Museums and Archives, Ongoing Programs, Contacts, and Books.

  9. An environment helping teachers to track students' competencies


    Jean-daubias, Ste?phanie; Eyssautier, Carole


    Our research concerns teaching assistant systems by treating the question of reuse and exploitation of learners' profiles by the teacher. We propose also that other actors of the learning situation, learners and institutions, benefit from the exploitation of these profiles. In PERLEA project, we want from one hand to model the students' tracking process, and on the other hand to propose an environment giving software tools to help actors to reuse and exploit profiles of all disciplines, whate...

  10. Getting it together: instructional collaboration between students, parents and teachers


    Tabin, Yvonne Emilie


    This study examines qualitative and quantitative data from students, their parents, and their teachers at the Grades 4 to 7 levels in order to understand: (a) the expectations of each party for the other with respect to collaboration based on instructional concerns, and (b) whether and how these expectations are met within the web of instructional relationships among the three parties. The study ultimately addresses a third research question: How can triad relationships be improved?  ...

  11. How Pre-Service Teachers' Personality Traits, Self-Efficacy, and Discipline Strategies Contribute to the Teacher-Student Relationship (United States)

    de Jong, Romi; Mainhard, Tim; van Tartwijk, Jan; Veldman, Ietje; Verloop, Nico; Wubbels, Theo


    Background: Although the teacher-student relationship is a well-documented phenomenon, few attempts have been made to identify its predictors. Research has mainly focused on in-service teachers, less is known about characteristics of pre-service teachers in relation to the teacher-student relationship. Aims: The purpose of this study was to…

  12. "He Was the Opposite of What We Learned a Teacher Should Be": A Study of Preservice Social Studies Students' Cooperating Teachers (United States)

    Misco, Thomas; Hamot, Gregory E.


    Curriculum consonance between social studies teacher education programs and field placements poses a perennial problem to social studies teacher educators and their students. This study explores the types of cooperating teacher placements experienced by preservice social studies teachers during their pre-student teaching field experiences…

  13. Impact of a Student-Teacher-Scientist Partnership on Students' and Teachers' Content Knowledge, Attitudes toward Science, and Pedagogical Practices (United States)

    Houseal, Ana K.; Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad; Destefano, Lizanne


    Engaging K-12 students in science-based inquiry is at the center of current science education reform efforts. Inquiry can best be taught through experiential, authentic science experiences, such as those provided by Student-Teacher-Scientist Partnerships (STSPs). However, very little is known about the impact of STSPs on teachers' and…

  14. White Teachers/Diverse Classrooms: Teachers and Students of Color Talk Candidly about Connecting with Black Students and Transforming Educational Outcomes. DVD (United States)

    Landsman, Julie, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.


    This DVD contains interviews with Black students, White and Black teachers, educational experts and school administrators that poignantly bring to life the issues, strategies and competencies that teachers need to engage with--if they are to create the conditions that will enable their students of color to succeed and excel. From these candid,…

  15. What the Students Will Say While the Teacher is Away: An Investigation into Student-Led and Teacher-Led Discussion within Guided Reading Groups (United States)

    Hulan, Nancy


    This article describes a qualitative study of discussion patterns within guided reading groups in a struggling metropolitan school. The study involves analysis of reader response to literature through discussion within teacher-led and student-led contexts. Transcripts of discussions surrounding texts, teacher interviews, and student surveys were…

  16. Essential grammar for today's writers, students, and teachers

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    Sullivan, Nancy


    This innovative grammar text is an ideal resource for writers, language students, and current and future classroom teachers who need an accessible ""refresher"" in a step-by-step guide to essential grammar. Rather than becoming mired in overly detailed linguistic definitions, Nancy Sullivan helps writers and students understand and apply grammatical concepts and develop the skills they need to enhance their own writing. Along with engaging discussions of both contemporary and traditional terminology, Sullivan's text provides clear explanations of the basics of English grammar and a highly pra


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Pino Juste


    Full Text Available The Technologies of Information and Communication (ICT become in the information society a change agent. In this context, ICTs should become teaching tools in order to help the teacher to achieve quality education.Being aware of the importance of the teachers' mastery of the digital skills, we have conducted a study about the mastery of the ICTs that the students in the third year of the degree of teacher training of the University of Vigo have. In order to do this we have taken into account the knowledge acquired, the frequency of use of certain tools, their level of proficiency in four areas of knowledge: technological literacy, intellectual working tools, processing and dissemination of information and as communication tools. As well as their motivations, interests and obstacles found in their development in order to develop proposals for initial training.We can conclude that, in general, students do not have a specific training on the use of computers. About the degree of knowledge in the different skills, the students know the most basic and commonly used (open or download a file, create or print a document, install a program or send an e-mail. They usually use the mail as a working tool, while the messaging and social networks are more used for leisure time.Their attitudes towards ICTs are very positive and their motivations are focused essentially on the technologies which are useful for improving their learning and for their professional future.

  18. The relationality in/of teacher-student communication (United States)

    Maheux, Jean-Francois; Roth, Wolff-Michael


    In mathematics education, student-teacher communication is recognized to constitute an important dimension in/of mathematical learning. Significant effort has been made in recent decades to depart from a focus on the individual in which teachers and student simply use communication to express, to and for others, their private knowledge or thinking. In this paper, we continue this departure taking as a starting point the observation that (mathematical) communication is possible only when there is a relation with others: Communication is the relation with others. That is, we present a way of thinking about student-teacher communication in which geometrical being-in-the-know is conversationally produced. Using fragments of elementary classroom conversations involving three-dimensional geometry as a tool to flesh out this theoretical study, we illustrate (a) how being-in-the-know-with can be recognized in asking and responding to questions involving mathematical concepts and (b) how conversations are then the fine-tuning of being-in-the-know relations in which mathematical ideas can come forth even in those instances where not-being-in-the-know is asserted.

  19. Assessment of MLA assertiveness training for librarians: students' behavior changes after taking C.E. 669, Assertiveness and Human Relations Skills.


    Caputo, J. S.


    C.E. 669, offered for three years, was MLA's first personal development continuing education course. Participants were asked to respond to a follow-up survey about their current assertive philosophy, awareness, and behavioral repertoire. They were also assessed by the Librarian's Assertiveness Inventory, a tool that indicates patterns of behavioral responses, for which some normative data were available from librarians who had not taken the class. Class participants were found to be more like...

  20. Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students (United States)

    McCall, Madelon J.

    This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

  1. Students Learn about Documentation throughout Their Teacher Education Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn Pope Edwards


    Full Text Available Study groups and learning circles can offer a systematic way for early childhood teachers to interact about their work and create a culture of professional development. This paper describes how faculty systematically followed a collaborative co-inquiry process in order to improve a new early childhood interdisciplinary teacher preparation program. The team met on a regular basis throughout one academic year, with the stated objective of infusing observation/documentation knowledge and skills in a coherent and systematic way throughout the students’ program of studies. The group created a template of the cycle of inquiry, which could apply to all courses, and analyzed the documentation process along a series of skill dimensions: (1 level that students are expected to achieve (awareness, application, refinement/integration; (2 focus of the students’ observations (who, what, where, when, how; (3 width of the lens of observation (e.g., focused narrowly on one dimension of behavior or widely on a whole classroom environment; (4 intended audience of the completed documentation (e.g., children, parents, professional colleagues; and (5 finished product of documentation (e.g., project panel, memory book, slide presentation. The co-inquiry process allowed the faculty to improve the ways that the program helps students move from an awareness level toward a practitioner level in using observation and documentation. The students’ reflections and finished work suggest how they learned to promote children’s learning, partner with parents, and come to think of themselves as “professionals” in their field.

  2. Effective ways of teaching students applied art by future teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhunissova N. A.


    Full Text Available Organization of training in teaching students of art and crafts of future teachers through improvement of the forms, methods and programs for the active development of thought processes and skills by students, their application in practice and in the organization of the development of students of folk arts and crafts creation creativity through creative research students, in the course of development of art and crafts ability to set goals for working with different types of applied art, the ability to receive and use information, the ability to use modern technology to determine the quality of the work, make plans, prepare materials, organize and carry out technological problems determine the policies, monitor, analyze, and give real self-esteem.

  3. The Status of Teacher’s Questions and Students’ Responses: The Case of an EFL Class


    Arman Toni; Farzad Parse


    Whereas a lot of classroom research conducted in English classes have studied the role of classroom interaction, a considerable number of research has been concerned with the linguistic aspects of classroom interaction, many of which dealt with the type of questions asked in the EFL classes. Previously it was demonstrated that teachers make adjustments in their questioning techniques when communicating with their students. In the same line of inquiry, the present study tried to find out what ...

  4. The effects of teacher mathematics knowledge and pedagogy on student achievement in rural Guatemala (United States)

    Marshall, Jeffery H.; Sorto, M. Alejandra


    Why are some teachers more effective than others? The importance of understanding the interplay between teacher preparation, pedagogy and student achievement has motivated a new line of research focusing on teacher knowledge. This study analyses the effects of teacher mathematics knowledge on student achievement using longitudinal data from rural Guatemalan primary schools. After presenting a conceptual framework for linking the work of the teacher with student learning in mathematics together with an overview of the different forms of teacher knowledge, the paper introduces the Guatemalan context and the analytical framework including the sample, data and methods. Overall, the results provide some empirical support for a widely held, if infrequently tested, belief in mathematics education: effective teachers have different kinds of mathematical knowledge. The results also suggest specific mechanisms by which effective teachers can make substantial impacts on student learning, even in extremely poor contexts.

  5. Positive teacher and peer relations combine to predict primary school students' academic skill development. (United States)

    Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik


    This study examined cross-lagged associations between positive teacher and peer relations and academic skill development. Reading and math skills were tested among 625 students in kindergarten and Grade 4. Teacher reports of positive affect toward each student and classmate reports of peer acceptance were gathered in Grades 1-3. The results showed, first, that positive teacher affect toward the student and peer acceptance were reciprocally associated: Positive teacher affect predicted higher peer acceptance, and higher peer acceptance predicted a higher level of positive teacher affect. Second, the effect of positive teacher affect on academic skill development was partly mediated via peer acceptance, while the effect of early academic skills on peer acceptance was partly mediated via positive teacher affect. The results suggest that a warm and supportive teacher can increase a student's peer acceptance, which, in turn, is positively associated with learning outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25751095

  6. Copyright for librarians the essential handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Berkman Center for Internet and Society


    "Copyright for Librarians" (CFL) is an online open curriculum on copyright law that was developed jointly with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Re-designed as a brand new textbook, "Copyright for Librarians: the essential handbook" can be used as a stand-alone resource or as an adjunct to the online version which contains additional links and references for students who wish to pursue any topic in greater depth. Delve into copyright theory or explore enforcement. With a new index and a handy Glossary, the Handbook is essential reading for librarians who want to hone their skills in 2013, and for anyone learning about or teaching copyright law in the information field.

  7. Die beroepsingesteldheid van vierdejaaronderwys-studente / The career orientation of final year teacher training students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    G.D., Kamper; M.G., Steyn.


    Full Text Available The research was prompted by the assumption that the many problems in South African education (e.g. continuous curiculum changes, insufficient in-service training and support, classroom overcrowding, discipline problems,administrative paperwork, low teacher morale, high teacher attrition rate, low s [...] ocietal status of the teaching profession) must have an adverse effect on the career orientation of teacher training students. Our research was embedded in the theoretical framework of eco-systemic theory (Bronfenbrenner 1990), through which we indicated how the teacher is surrounded and influenced by various societal systems in four levels of proximity: the micro, meso, exo and macro levels. From these systems we established the conceptual framework, in which we discussed negative forces on the teacher as these are eminent in societal expectations about the teacher, the professional identity of the teacher and the retention rate in the teaching profession. The discussion ofthese negative forces and their impact affirmed our initial assumption and led to our research question: To what extent are teaching training students positively inclined towards a career in teaching? This question implied attention to a) the career motivation, and b) the moral values of the modern South African teaching training student. The empirical study was conceptualised as a pilot project. We involved the full number of final year teaching training students at one of the largest education faculties in South Africa, namely at the University of Pretoria. The students (n = 403) were asked to complete a questionnaire which focused inter alia on respondents' exposure to daily news, reasonsfor choosing the education career path, attitudes towards the teaching profession and medium to long term prospects in the profession. Moral inclinations were also probed, e.g. with items on religion, discipline, language of instruction, multicultural teaching and being a role model. The questionnaire findings were verified in a focus group interview with five purposively selected respondents in the questionnaire survey. Our findings nullified our initial assumptions. Not only were the students strongly committed to their chosen career, notwithstanding the questionable societal status of the teaching profession and the formidable teaching challenges (of which they were apparently keenly aware), but they also conveyed a strong message about moral values and the teacher's role in modelling those in and beyond the school. Our findings are prospective and certainly need verification on a broader scale. We are also planning a follow-up study with the same respondents, once they have completed two years of full time teaching. The findings could serve as impetus for education management measures to ensure that aspiring teachers' level of commitment is sustainable. One of these measures could be an online advice and counselling service for beginner teachers.

  8. Teacher’s Professional Perception as a Predictor of TeacherStudent Friendship in Facebook: A Scale Development Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buket Akkoyunlu


    Full Text Available In this study, a scale was developed for providing to make a relation between the tendency and reasons of teachers to add their students as “Friend” on Facebook and their professional perceptions. The study group consists of 158 teachers; 81 of them state that they are “friends” with their students on Facebook and 77 of them state that they are not. The factor structures of the scale were determined through Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and the aforementioned theoretical structure was tested through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA. The results indicate that each sub-scale separates into 4 factors that have an eigenvalue of 1 or above and that they have construct validity and reliability. Depending on the fact that both sub-scales had 4 factors, the aim was to find a common structure among the sub-scales. Regarding the meanings that the related items had, it was found that both sub-scales consisted of sub-factors that could be described as responsibility perception, student perception, professional identity perception and school perception. A secondary-level confirmatory factor analysis was applied to validate the structures that were determined at the sub-scales and to test whether responsibility perception, student perception, professional identity perception and school perception structures inclined to an upper structure, i.e. teaching perception, or not. The findings indicated that both sub-scales had this hierarchical structure and each model had acceptable goodness-of-fit values. The survey developed a structure that had strong psychometrical features and determined that teachers’ interactions with their students on social networks were related to their professional perceptions.

  9. Student errors: how teachers diagnose them and how they respond to them


    Seifried, Jürgen; Wuttke, Eveline


    Current pedagogical discourse has established that teacher competence is a condition sine qua non for high level performance in the classroom. Nevertheless questions of conceptualising and measuring teacher competence have yet to be answered. In our study we analyse a facet of teacher competence essential to successful learning processes; namely, teacher competence when diagnosing and responding to student errors in a constructive manner. Two pilot studies investigate how students perceive "e...

  10. Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003): 67?88. 24 May 2007 <>


    Gayle Bogel


    Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Li...

  11. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume I. (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 3-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings during the…

  12. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume II. (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing models, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 4-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings…

  13. Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study (United States)

    Immroth, Barbara; Lukenbill, W. Bernard


    This research was supported in part though an IMLS Kent State University Grant supporting Information Literacy. Based on the importance of teacher-school library media specialist collaboration, this study seeks to advance knowledge involving the dynamics of this special relationship. The subjects were a group of student librarians--themselves…

  14. Differences in eighth grade science student and teacher perceptions of students' level of input into academic planning and decision making (United States)

    Chapman, Jarrett Michael

    Teachers are expected to improve their planning, instruction, and assessment as they progress through their career. An important component to teachers knowing what to modify in their teaching style is being able to solicit meaningful feedback from students. This mixed-methods study was conducted to provide teachers with a quantitative method to collect data about their teaching using the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES). Phase 1 allowed students to provide anonymous feedback to their teachers that the teachers could later reflect upon in conjunction with the students' other feedback. Using measures of central tendencies, it was determined that of the five categories of the CLES the area of student negotiation was statistically different from the other categories. While eight teachers had sufficient (n>10) student data to be invited to participate in Phase 2, only five of the teachers choose to participate in a semi-structured interview to further examine the potential differences between teacher and student perception of student negotiation with the curriculum, instruction and assessment that occurs in the classroom. Coding the interview transcripts led to three categories: 1) teaching style (with themes including curriculum, instruction, and assessment, and sub themes of teacher centered and student centered); 2) external pressures (with themes of standards , standardized tests, and socioeconomic conditions); 3) effectiveness of student negotiation (with themes of positive effect or no effect on motivation). The five teachers who participated in Phase 2 had varying levels of awareness and willingness to adjust their classroom curriculum, instruction, and assessment to include student negotiation. All but one teacher, however, saw the value in increasing student negotiation in the classroom and desired to continue to change their teaching to include more student negotiation.

  15. Consequences of Increased Self-Regulated Learning Opportunities on Student Teachers' Motivation and Use of Metacognitive Skills (United States)

    Vrieling, Emmy; Bastiaens, Theo; Stijnen, Sjef


    This intervention study focused on the relationships between primary student teachers' self-regulated learning (SRL) opportunities, their motivation for learning and their use of metacognitive learning strategies. The participants were 3 teacher educators and 136 first-year student teachers. During one semester, teacher educators and student

  16. Connected and Culturally Embedded Beliefs: Chinese and US Teachers Talk about How Their Students Best Learn Mathematics (United States)

    Correa, Christopher A.; Perry, Michelle; Sims, Linda M.; Miller, Kevin F.; Fang, Ge


    This study compares US and Chinese elementary mathematics teachers' beliefs about how students learn mathematics. Interviews with teachers in each country revealed that Chinese and US teachers have distinct ways of thinking about how mathematics should be taught and how students learn. Many Chinese teachers talked about developing students'…

  17. The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood. NBER Working Paper No. 17699 (United States)

    Chetty, Raj; Friedman, John N.; Rockoff, Jonah E.


    Are teachers' impacts on students' test scores ("value-added") a good measure of their quality? This question has sparked debate largely because of disagreement about (1) whether value-added (VA) provides unbiased estimates of teachers' impacts on student achievement and (2) whether high-VA teachers improve students' long-term outcomes. We address…

  18. Student Teaching's Contribution to Preservice Teacher Development: A Review of Research Focused on the Preparation of Teachers for Urban and High-Needs Contexts (United States)

    Anderson, Lauren M.; Stillman, Jamy A.


    Despite increasing emphasis on preparing more and better teachers and despite the near universal presence of student teaching across teacher education programs (TEPs), numerous questions about what and how student teaching experiences contribute to preservice teachers' development remain unanswered. Indeed, much of the attention focused on student

  19. A Study on Reading Printed Books or E-Books: Reasons for Student-Teachers Preferences (United States)

    Tosun, Nilgun


    This study tried to determine the preferences of student-teachers on reading printed books or e-books and the reasons for these preferences. Reading printed books and e-books preferences of students are discussed in terms of gender and department variables. 258 student-teachers who are studying in Computer Education and Instructional Technologies…

  20. Teacher and Student Perceptions of Work Attitudes in Trade and Industrial Education. (United States)

    Crosby, Richard K.; Petrosko, Joseph M.


    Secondary and postsecondary vocational students (N=299) completed the Affective Work Competencies Inventory, and 23 trade and industrial teachers completed student rating scales. Teacher-student perceptions were most similar for the competencies "responsive" and "emotionally stable." Most of the predictive relationships were not high, and…

  1. The Role of Teacher Efficacy in Student Academic Achievement in Mathematics (United States)

    Maguire, Kristopher


    Many students in Grades 9-10 are not meeting state standards on standardized mathematics tests in the Southeastern United States. The focus of this study was to determine if a teacher's confidence level affects student success in mathematics and to discover which type of teacher self-efficacy best predicts student performance. Bandura's social…

  2. The Moderating Effect of Teacher Support on Depression and Relational Victimization in Minority Middle School Students (United States)

    Mihalas, Stephanie T.; Witherspoon, Ryan G.; Harper, Meg E.; Sovran, Brittany A.


    Support provided by caring teacher-student relationships is essential for the emotional well-being of students who are bullied. The researchers were interested in discovering whether perceived teacher support would moderate the relationship between relational victimization and depression in low-income minority middle school students. A mixed…

  3. Teachers Respond Functionally to Student Gender Differences in a Technology Course (United States)

    Voyles, Martha M.; Fossum, Tim; Haller, Susan


    This study examines teacher-student interactions and selected student gender differences with volunteer boys and recruited girls in a technology class. The participants were teachers and triads of girls and boys in single-gender sections of a technology course where the students built, designed features for, and programmed Lego robots. We analyzed…

  4. Student Science Teachers' Ideas about Endangered Bird Species: Hermit Ibis, Chukar Partridge (United States)

    Cardak, Osman; Dikmenli, Musa


    In this study, student science teachers' ideas and views of endangered bird species and their protection are analysed. 173 student science teachers studying at Selcuk University in the department of science education, participated in the study. Data analysis provides evidence that the majority of students thought that human intervention is…

  5. Instructional Development for Teachers in Higher Education: Effects on Students' Learning Outcomes (United States)

    Stes, Ann; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter


    Evidence regarding the impact of teachers' instructional development on student learning in higher education is scarce. In this study, we investigate the impact of an instructional development program for beginning university teachers on students' learning outcomes. We also explore whether this impact is dependent on class size and student level.…

  6. The Teacher's Characteristics and Reactions to Him by Students and Experts. (United States)

    Sandven, Johs.


    Evaluation by educational experts and 210 students of 15-minute videotaped sixth-grade teaching periods conducted by 26 student teachers assessed the relationship between teacher characteristics and student reactions. Characteristics examined were problem-solving ability, social sensitivity, feeling of security, and educational attitude. The…

  7. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell (United States)

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John


    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

  8. The Effect of Teacher-Student Gender Matching: Evidence from OECD Countries (United States)

    Cho, Insook


    While some educators argue that teacher-student gender matching improves student performance, there is little empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. This paper assesses the impact of teacher-student gender matching on academic achievement across fifteen OECD countries using data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science…

  9. Relationships between Inclusion Teachers and Their Students: Perspectives from a Middle School (United States)

    Hoffman, Elin M.


    The quality of relationships between teachers and students has been associated with academic achievement and performance outcomes for students at all levels of their education. Extensive literature examining characteristics of positive relationships between teachers and their elementary age students exists, but is less abundant in regard to…

  10. Can a Successful ESL Teacher Hold Deficit Beliefs of Her Students' Home Languages and Cultures? (United States)

    Hertzog, Lisa


    In this article the author explores the seeming contradictions between the successful teaching practices of an English as a Second Language teacher and the deficit beliefs she expressed toward her students' home languages and cultures. This teacher believed her students were smart and capable, and she held herself accountable for her students

  11. Personal Programming: Customizing Accelerated Reader Helps Delsea Regional High School Encourage Student Reading (United States)

    Moyer, Mary; Williams, Melissa


    The importance of reading is evident in every aspect of schooling and affects all areas of a student's daily life. At Delsea Regional High School in Franklinville, New Jersey, teachers (along with the school librarian) work to alter students' feelings about reading by using a variety of reading programs including the computerized reading…

  12. Graduate Student Space and Service Needs: A Recommendation for a Cross-Campus Solution (United States)

    Rempel, Hannah Gascho; Hussong-Christian, Uta; Mellinger, Margaret


    Focus group methodology was used to investigate graduate students' cross-campus technology, space and service needs. Although the library provides valued services and spaces, graduate students need enhanced and more equitable support for their roles as teachers and scholars. Librarians can provide leadership and act as advocates for graduate…

  13. Propositions of nuclear issue education for teachers and students

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Besides renewable energy forms, the nuclear energy seems to be of the greatest importance now. Recently the nuclear technology has developed almost in all domains of human activity. Unfortunately, common knowledge about physical processes involved in the nuclear energetics and furthermore, about the specific, nuclear radiation effects on the living tissues, is still very poor among the secondary and university students. We can find proofs for this statement in everyday situations and in literature. Thus, we should take every opportunity to speak about the complex nuclear problems, and that much more of the school time should be spend on teaching radioactivity phenomenon. We should acquaint students both with benefits and risks of the nuclear energy applications. Knowledge is certainly the cheapest way to prevent any nuclear danger. Taking this into account we designed the proposition of projects aimed at increase of nuclear issue knowledge and awareness among teachers and students: Project RADONET; Computer aided investigations of radioactivity with the use of GM detector; Competition 'Radioactive World'; Distance lecture on 'Radioactivity Around Us'. The main objective of project RADONET (RADON + NET) was concentrated on answering the question: Radon in our homes - is the risk acceptable? It was based on the concentration of radon investigations in indoor air, ground and drinking water and in the vicinity of TV and computer screens, made by the science tea computer screens, made by the science teachers from Torun. In our opinion, the knowledge about radon and its health risk should be implemented to the interdisciplinary science education as early as possible. Thus, inspiring by English and Hungarian researchers we propose the method of environmental education related to the radon issue. In collaboration with 35 science teachers from different regions of Poland educational research project RADONET for students was performed. The concentration of radon was measured by the use of passive method (TASTRAK detectors). For communication of researchers, teachers and students as well for discussion of the obtained results e-mail, WWW pages, etc. were used. As the result we created the preliminary map of radon concentration in Poland made by students and we got the evidence that the increasing number of teacher and pupils wish to take a part in this kind of educational investigations. Since the phenomenon of radioactivity was discovered by Henry Becquerel, Marie Curie- Sklodowska and Pierre Curie we know, that the 'ionizing radiation' is around us. It can be the stream of particles of the distinct kind - alpha, beta, protons, ions, neutrons and stream of high energy - X or gamma rays. But, naturally some problems arise: where does this radiation come from, how long does it live, is it dangerous to the human body, can we measure its amount and behaviour? In this paper we report our attempt to answer mainly the last question. For this purpose we designed and constructed computer controlled Geiger-Mueller counter with the dedicated software to measure ionising radiation intensity. The menu of the software contains the following options: characteristic of detector, intensity of the ionising radiation and its dependence on distance and type of absorbing material as well as statistical distribution of ionising radiation [8]. Last year, tribute to the 100th anniversary of Maria Curie-Sklodowska Nobel Prize, we organised the competition for educational projects under the general title Radioactive World. The competition was addressed to Polish teachers and their pupils. The Award Committee received 44 projects from upper and lower secondary schools. Knowledge and methodical level of all projects was very high. Most of them engaged not only the science subjects teachers but also specialists of literature, history and art. The committee awarded 15 projects which were the most original and their results were presented to the wide local community by press, radio and TV. The results of the best projects: original lessons plans, pos

  14. Students’ Perceptions of their Teachers’ Teaching of Mathematics: The Case of Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Ampadu


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine students’ perceptions of their teachers’ teaching practices and how it impact on their learning experiences. The sample of the study involved 358 students from 12 Junior High Schools (12-14years who were randomly selected to complete a semi-structured questionnaire. The study revealed that students’ perceptions of their teachers’ teaching varies as the results established that both teacher-centred and student-centred teaching approaches were used by mathematics teachers. The study also established that teachers’ actions and inactions impact positively or negatively on students learning experiences as majority of the respondents reported that their learning experiences are to a larger extent controlled by that teacher. Majority of the respondents indicated that their teachers normally tell them which questions to solve and which methods to use. Although the study was limited only to 12 schools, the findings provide a conceptual framework for further research into how students’ views could be used by both teachers and educational authorities in improving the teaching and learning of mathematics as students’ are in a better position to provide useful information regarding their teachers teaching and how it impacts on their learning. Among others, it is recommended that students’ ratings or evaluation of their teaachers’ teaching should be considered in evaluating teachers’ teaching and effectiveness.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved



    Senowarsito Senowarsito


    This study explores politeness strategies used by teacher and students in two 90-minute English lessons in a senior high school. The data were video-recorded from two different classroom settings where English is the object and the medium of teaching learning process. The analysis is based on Brown and Levinson‘s politeness strategies. The result shows that teacher and students basically employed positive, negative, and bald on- record strategies. Teacher and students’ perception on social di...

  16. LETs and NETs: Exploring How Teachers from Diverse Cultural Backgrounds Impact Student Motivation and Preferences


    Ruth Wong


    This paper, an exploratory case study, examines how students’ preferences and motivation to learn English are influenced by their perceptions of teaching practices – both of native English teachers and local English teachers. To better understand the context of this research question, this study adopts a method of triangulation in collecting data: classroom observation, student interviews and teacher interviews. For intrinsic motivation, results reveal that Chinese students prefer a nativ...

  17. Enjoyment of eLearning Among Teacher Education Students in Australia


    Jennifer Rowley; Jennifer O’Dea


    The major research question for this study was –“How do students perceive the enhancement of their own learning through use of eLearning?” The study investigated student teacher’s enjoyment and perceptions of eLearning and how it is enhanced by their use of various eLearning activities – particularly the discussion board. Participants were undergraduate teacher education students who were undertaking a course at the University of Sydney, Australia. Methods included a qualitative examination u...

  18. Suggesting a New Model of Assessment at Chinese Teacher Education Institutions: Perceptions of University Students


    Wang Yang; Lu Lijie; Syed Manzar-Abbas; Shafqat Hussain Khan


    The study was conducted to investigate the different aspects of assessments like fairness, feedback ability, compatibility with the goals, and satisfaction of the students about assessment system in teacher education institutions. The main object of the study was to suggest a model of assessment applicable in the teacher education institutions in China. The students were ignorant of curricular goals. The teachers were not providing proper feedback to the students. Overwhelming majority sugges...

  19. Status of Library School Librarians (United States)

    Pope, Elspeth; Armitage, Katherine


    The library school librarian does not enjoy the same status as the librarians in the classroom in terms of responsibilities and privileges and this dichotomy of teaching vs. practice requires further research. (AB)

  20. ASPIRE: Teachers and researchers working together to enhance student learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lollie Garay


    Full Text Available Abstract Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM disciplines have become key focus areas in the education community of the United States. Newly adopted across the nation, Next Generation Science Standards require that educators embrace innovative approaches to teaching. Transforming classrooms to actively engage students through a combination of knowledge and practice develops conceptual understanding and application skills. The partnerships between researchers and educators during the Amundsen Sea Polynya International Research Expedition (ASPIRE offer an example of how academic research can enhance K-12 student learning. In this commentary, we illustrate how ASPIRE teacher–scientist partnerships helped engage students with actual and virtual authentic scientific investigations. Crosscutting concepts of research in polar marine science can serve as intellectual tools to connect important ideas about ocean and climate science for the public good.

  1. Student-Teacher Interaction on Facebook: What Students Find Appropriate (United States)

    Teclehaimanot, Berhane; Hickman, Torey


    Web 2.0 technologies such as Facebook, a popular social networking site, provide educators with new possibilities for reaching their students. As these technologies are new, there is not a total understanding of how these technologies could best be used in education. This study helps to develop this understanding by investigating how appropriate…

  2. Comparison of Brunei Preservice Student Teachers' Attitudes to Inclusive Education and Specific Disabilities: Implications for Teacher Education (United States)

    Haq, Faridah Serajul; Mundia, Lawrence


    The authors investigated and compared Brunei trainee teachers' attitudes to specific disabilities and students with high support needs. The random sample consisted of 89 participants of both genders on 2 teacher education programs. Data were collected using a 3-part self-report instrument constructed by the researchers. Overall, the participants…

  3. Using Drawings to Bridge the Transition from Student to Future Teacher of Mathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Eun LEE


    Full Text Available This study examines a group of prospective teachers’ reflections upon the way they were taught (Set 1 and the way they want to teach (Set 2 through drawings which respectively describe their past learning experiences as students and their future plans as teachers. The purpose of this study is to identify: (a the emerging themes that appear in each set of drawing data, (b the possible factors that influence prospective teachers’ drawings, and (c the implications for mathematics teacher educators. Overall, prospective teachers showed predominantly negative or mixed feelings about their past experiences as mathematics students. In response to their own past negative experiences and struggles, the prospective teachers tended to highlight emotionally supportive classroom environment and versatile instructional teaching strategies in their future plans. This study suggests that this activity of reflecting past experience and planning future teaching assimilates prospective teachers’ identities as math students and math teachers and provides a window into the thinking of others.



    Noora Abdul Kader


    Understanding the mind set of students and teachers seeks much more importance in the present scenario. The present study is intended to find the type of mindset of secondary school students in learning English language on the select areas and also made an attempt to find out the effect of fixed mindset of students on the attitude of students towards English language. Understanding the mind set of secondary school English teachers regarding the performance and attitude of students in learning...

  5. Effects of Teacher and Peer Feedback on Students’ Writing at Secondary Level


    Mamuna Ghani and Tahira Asgher


    This research investigates the effectiveness of peer feedback and teacher feedback on the written performance of the students and also examines students’ attitude towards peer feedback and teacher feedback. Data was collected from five different government schools by using a survey questionnaire, students’ pre-test and post-test, and students’ written remarks about the whole experimental feedback activity from the sample including 100 students studying at secondary level in Bahawalpur. ...

  6. Teacher Gender and Student Performance in Mathematics. Evidence from Catalonia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep-Oriol Escardíbul


    Full Text Available This paper analyses the impact of teacher gender towards students’ test results in a blinded Math test administered to students in Catalonia (Spain. The data for this analysis are drawn from a sample of secondary school students who participated in an international blind-test known as the “Mathematical Kangaroo” in 2008. The estimation considers a two-stage procedure since participation on the test leads to the presence of sample selection. Results show a correlation between female teacher gender and student results. Moreover, students with female teachers have a higher probability of participating in the “Kangaroo” test (in this case, the effect being more marked among male students.

  7. Nonverbal Teacher-student Communication in the Foreign Language Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Pan


    Full Text Available Nonverbal communication refers to a form of communication without using the words to repress oneself. Nonverbal communication is so basic that the teachers tend to take it for granted and always ignore it in the English classroom teaching. For attaining the goal of teaching, and improving teaching quality and efficiency in the foreign language classroom, the improvement of teaching method is a very important factor. Briefly introducing the definition and types of nonverbal communication, this paper discusses the functions and principles of using nonverbal communication in English teaching classroom and it explains some ways of using the nonverbal behaviors to improve the foreign language teaching. Therefore, the significance of nonverbal communication should be fully acknowledged by both teacher and students

  8. University Students Are Unaware of the Role of Academic Librarians. A Review of: Bickley, R. & Corral, S. (2011. Student perceptions of staff in the information commons: A survey at the University of Sheffield. Reference Services Review, 39(2, 223-243. doi:10.1108/00907321111135466

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsty Thomson


    Full Text Available Objective – To discover students’ perceptionsof information commons staff, and todetermine how these perceptions influence theuse of library resources.Design – Post-experience survey with onefollow-up interview.Setting – The University of Sheffield, a postsecondaryinstitution in England.Subjects – All undergraduate andpostgraduate students were invited to takepart. Just over 1% of the student population, or250 students, completed the survey.Methods – Information about the survey wassent to students’ institutional email addresses.One follow up interview was carried out viaemail using the critical incident technique.Main Results – Students do not understandthe academic roles of librarians. They areunlikely to approach library staff for academicsupport, preferring to turn to instructors, otherstudents, friends, and family. Most studentshad positive opinions about assistancereceived in the Information Commons, but asmall number reflected on previous badexperiences with staff, or on a fear of beingmade to feel foolish. The vast majority ofstudents who did not seek help in theInformation Commons stated that this wasbecause they did not require assistance. Most students do not perceive a difference between Information Commons staff and library staff.Conclusion – Students have positive views of Information Commons staff at the University of Sheffield, but have low awareness of the roles of professional librarians. Librarians need to develop partnerships with academic staff and strengthen their presence in both physical and online learning environments to promote their academic roles.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahadir ERISTI,


    Full Text Available The present study, aimed at revealing the views of elementary school gifted students about the roles and behaviors of their teachers in class as well as about the in-class roles and behaviors that they expect from an ideal teacher with respect to different variables. Another question in the study was directed to determine students’ views about learning academic subjects via e-learning applications instead of at teachers. The participants of the study were 46 gifted students identified with the diagnosis system of “Education program for the gifted” executed in the Department of Gifted Education at the Education Faculty of Anadolu University. The research data were collected via a five-point Likert-type scale developed and tested by the researcher for its validity and reliability. For the analysis of the research data, paired sample t-test, one of descriptive parametrical statistical techniques, was applied. The findings obtained in the study revealed that according to gifted students, the in-class behaviors demonstrated by the course teachers were mostly those related to their roles of guidance for students. The behaviors of the course teachers within the scope of this role were followed by those related to providing information and maintaining the discipline, respectively. The behaviors least demonstrated by the teachers were those related to the role of supporting the students and those related to being a model for them. According to the students, an ideal teacher should at most demonstrate behaviors in class regarding the role of guiding the students and those regarding the role of providing information. According to the gifted students, the roles and behaviors of their teachers in class are quite different from the behaviors expected from an ideal teacher. Students do not regard e-learning applications as an alternative to learning from teachers. Rather, they prefer learning from their teachers to technology-aided learning environments. According to students, compared to structure academic learning, technology is a better environment to make good use of their time, to satisfy their curiosity about certain subjects, to establish communication with others and to play games.

  10. Student teachers' perceptions about their experiences in a student centered course

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Canan Perkan, Zeki; Ahmet, Güneyli.


    Full Text Available There is a growing need to provide curricula that meets the changing needs of students in higher education. To train pre-service teachers according to the demands of the new educational contexts, the move from teacher-centered curricula to learning-centered curricula is a must. The aim of this resea [...] rch is to examine the currently used curriculum of EGIT 450 Student Centered Education (SCE) course to highlight suggestions for a better design and implementation of the SCE approach. A qualitative paradigm was used with an interpretive methodology. The participants of the study were the 37 third year undergraduate students enrolled in the course at one of the tertiary institutions in North Cyprus. Qualitative data were collected through end-of-the-semester reflective essays and analyzed through content analysis method. The findings revealed that SCE methodology helped improve student teachers' cognitive skills via holding an active role and their affective skills through group work activities emphasizing its effect on permanent learning and learning how to learn. Participants also pointed out the difficulty and complexity of the roles expected from the teacher and learners individually and cooperatively. The inefficiency of some of the teaching-learning activities, physical characteristics of the classroom setting and duration of the allocated time for the activities were among the weak aspects of the course.

  11. Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians

    CERN Document Server

    White, Ashanti


    When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

  12. Student Behavior Management: School Leader's Role in the Eyes of the Teachers and Students (United States)

    Nooruddin, Shirin; Baig, Shariffullah


    This study explored the perspectives and viewpoints of the teachers and students in relation to the influence of the head teacher and senior leadership team on students' behavior management in the form of policies, procedures and support mechanisms in a secondary school in Karachi Pakistan. Two surveys were developed and employed, one for the…

  13. Shielded Metal Arc Welding and Carbon Arc Cutting--Air. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition [and] Student Workbook. Third Edition. (United States)

    Harper, Eddie; Knapp, John

    This document contains the teacher and student texts and student workbook for a secondary-level course in shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and carbon arc cutting that consists of units on the following topics: SMAW safety; SMAW equipment, applications, and techniques; hardfacing; and carbon arc cutting--air. The teacher edition includes the…

  14. Teacher training program for medical students: improvements needed (United States)

    van Diggele, Christie; Burgess, Annette; Mellis, Craig


    Introduction Skills in peer teaching, assessment, and feedback are increasingly documented internationally as required graduate attributes in medicine. Yet these skills are rarely taught in medical schools. We sought to design and deliver a short but effective teacher training (TT) program for medical students that could be easily integrated into the professional development curriculum. This study sought to evaluate such a pilot program, based on student perception. Methods The study took place at a major metropolitan teaching hospital, where 38 medical students were invited to attend a voluntary, newly designed four-module TT program. In total, 23/38 (61%) of invited students attended. Mixed methods were used for evaluation. Questionnaires were completed by 21/23 (91%) of students, and 6/23 (26%) of students participated in a focus group. Results Students reported that as a result of the program they felt more confident to facilitate small group teaching activities and to provide feedback to peers using the suggested frameworks. Students would like the program to contain more in-depth educational theory and to allow a more time for small group learning activities. They would also like to see opportunities for participation across all clinical schools. Conclusion The TT program was successful in increasing student awareness of educational theory and practice, thereby improving their confidence in teaching and assessing their peers and making them feel better prepared for their careers as medical practitioners. Key improvements to the program are needed in terms of more in-depth theory and more time spent on small group learning. This might be achieved by complementing the course with e-learning. PMID:25878520

  15. Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter

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    Abdullah Aydin


    Full Text Available This study aims to determine science students teachers’ conceptions on the concepts related to ‘the matter and the states of the matter’. 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the students’ views concerning; the features of ‘solid, liquid and gas’ states and their application in everyday life, the state of matter at room temperature and in normal conditions, the particulate structure of matter, unique properties of each particle of matter, the relationship between the force of attraction between these particles and room temperature. The results were analyzed mainly qualitatively, but also quantitatively. As an outcome of the analysis, fourteen misconceptions were determined. These misconceptions can be categorized as ‘mentioning of the state of matter without specifying the temperature and the pressure’, ‘not comprehending that liquids evaporate at any temperature’, ‘not understanding the features of the particulate structures of solid, liquid and gas substances (volume and the number of the particles’.

  16. Depressive symptoms in third-grade teachers: relations to classroom quality and student achievement. (United States)

    McLean, Leigh; Connor, Carol McDonald


    This study investigated associations among third-grade teachers' (N = 27) symptoms of depression, quality of the classroom-learning environment (CLE), and students' (N = 523, Mage  = 8.6 years) math and literacy performance. teachers' depressive symptoms in the winter negatively predicted students' spring mathematics achievement. This depended on students' fall mathematics scores; students who began the year with weaker math skills and were in classrooms where teachers reported more depressive symptoms achieved smaller gains than did peers whose teachers reported fewer symptoms. teachers' depressive symptoms were negatively associated with quality of CLE, and quality of CLE mediated the association between depressive symptoms and student achievement. The findings point to the importance of teachers' mental health, with implications for policy and practice. PMID:25676719

  17. The branch librarians' handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rivers, Vickie


    Libraries are integral parts of communities, and patrons have visited them in record numbers over recent years. According to the American Library Association, 64 percent of people surveyed in the United States have visited their local libraries in the past year. Branch librarians especially are striving to meet the various needs of their communities--in addition to books and Internet access, many branch libraries have videos, books on tape and CD, DVDs, and even art prints available to their patrons. This handbook covers a wide variety of issues that the branch librarian must deal with every d

  18. Examining “Mathematics For Teaching” Through An Analysis Of Teachers’ Perceptions Of Student “Learning Paths”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donna Kotsopoulos


    Full Text Available How teachers think about student thinking informs the ways in which teachers teach. By examining teachers’ anticipation of student thinking we can begin to unpack the assumptions teachers make about teaching and learning. Using a “mathematics for teaching” framework, this research examines and compares the sorts of assumptions teachers make in relation to “student content knowledge” versus actual “learning paths” taken by students. Groups of teachers, who have advanced degrees in mathematics, education, and mathematics education, and tenth grade students engaged in a common mathematical task. Teachers were asked to model, in their completion of the task, possible learning paths students might take. Our findings suggest that teachers, in general, had difficulty anticipating student learning paths. Furthermore, this difficulty might be attributed to their significant “specialized content knowledge” of mathematics. We propose, through this work, that examining student learning paths may be a fruitful locus of inquiry for developing both pre-service and in-service teachers’ knowledge about mathematics for teaching.

  19. Iranian Language Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives on Top Notch Series (2nd edition at Intermediate Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Azadsarv


    Full Text Available As the means of transferring knowledge between teachers and students, coursebooks play a significant role in educational practices all over the world. Evaluation of coursebooks is also of great significance as it manages to a better understanding of the nature of a specific teaching/learning situation. The present study is an attempt to evaluateTop Notch coursebook from both Iranian EFL learners’ and teachers’ perspectives. One hundred students and 20 teachers participated in this study. Sixty four of the students and nine of the teachers were male and 36 of the students and 11 of the teachers were female. The range of teachers' experience of teaching the coursebook was between 2-4 years and the range of students' experience of studying the coursebook was between 1-3 years. The data collection took place in three language institutes of Gilan and Mazandaran provinces. The coursebook, evaluated based on modified version of Cunningsworth's (1995 checklist, was the intermediate level of Top Notch. It was evaluated by both students and teachers based on administering written questionnaires. In order to triangulate the gathered data, 25 percent of the teachers and 10 percent of the students attended an interview session. Data analysis indicated that strengths of Top Notch from teachers' perspective are grammar, visuals, supplementary materials and culture and from students' point of view are content, grammar, phonology and visuals. 

  20. Former students, present teachers - On both sides of the desk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Both authors are currently assistant professors at the 'Politehnica' University of Bucharest - Power Engineering Faculty - Nuclear Power Plant Department. They share the experience of more than 17 years of school from which 5 years in the nuclear power plants department, with the experience they gain in the position of assistant professor. Using the competence given by the new position, they accumulate the expertise necessary to excel in the nuclear power plants domain. They try a harmonized approach for education on nuclear engineering bridging the gap between students and teachers. (author)