WorldWideScience

Sample records for storytelling character development

  1. Harry Truman and the Atomic Bomb: An Excursion into Character Education through Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Tony R.

    2006-01-01

    This article asserts the importance of character education through the utilization of historical storytelling in the social studies classroom. After briefly noting the value of the historical story in this regard, a specific, ready-made example is provided concerning Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb and includes a crucial set of follow-up…

  2. Playing in or out of character: user role differences in the experience of interactive storytelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Christian; Vermeulen, Ivar; Vorderer, Peter; Klimmt, Christoph; Pizzi, David; Lugrin, Jean-Luc; Cavazza, Marc

    2012-11-01

    Interactive storytelling (IS) is a promising new entertainment technology synthesizing preauthored narrative with dynamic user interaction. Existing IS prototypes employ different modes to involve users in a story, ranging from individual avatar control to comprehensive control over the virtual environment. The current experiment tested whether different player modes (exerting local vs. global influence) yield different user experiences (e.g., senses of immersion vs. control). A within-subject design involved 34 participants playing the cinematic IS drama "Emo Emma"( 1 ) both in the local (actor) and in global (ghost) mode. The latter mode allowed free movement in the virtual environment and hidden influence on characters, objects, and story development. As expected, control-related experiential qualities (effectance, autonomy, flow, and pride) were more intense for players in the global (ghost) mode. Immersion-related experiences did not differ over modes. Additionally, men preferred the sense of command facilitated by the ghost mode, whereas women preferred the sense of involvement facilitated by the actor mode. PMID:23017117

  3. Developing Voice in Digital Storytelling Through Creativity, Narrative and Multimodality

    OpenAIRE

    Monica Nilsson

    2010-01-01

    For Simon, who is nine years old, reading and writing are obstacles rather than tools. However, when offered the opportunity to create digital stories, Simon becomes deeply engaged. He creates complex stories within different genres based on a variety of subjects. He both expresses and creates meaning through his digital storytelling. He develops what Elbow calls ´voice.´ In the paper I argue that digital storytelling became a resource for Simon which triggered his interest in literacy beca...

  4. Developing Voice in Digital Storytelling Through Creativity, Narrative and Multimodality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Nilsson

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available For Simon, who is nine years old, reading and writing are obstacles rather than tools. However, when offered the opportunity to create digital stories, Simon becomes deeply engaged. He creates complex stories within different genres based on a variety of subjects. He both expresses and creates meaning through his digital storytelling. He develops what Elbow calls ´voice.´ In the paper I argue that digital storytelling became a resource for Simon which triggered his interest in literacy because of two specific features: multimodality and narrative. Vygotsky’s work on development of literacy and creativity comprise a theoretical point of departure and I claim that new media has the potential to play a significant role in this realm.

  5. Graphic Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, John

    2009-01-01

    Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

  6. Developing Individual and Team Character in Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaines, Stacey A.

    2012-01-01

    The idea that participation in sport builds character is a long-standing one. Advocates of sport participation believe that sport provides an appropriate context for the learning of social skills such as cooperation and the development of prosocial behavior (Weiss, Smith, & Stuntz, 2008). Research in sport regarding character development has…

  7. Empowering the Learner through Digital Animated Storytelling : Developing Innovative Learning Designs for the Multimodal Classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjedde, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    The advent of new media offer potentials for multimodal learning [1] to the learners. This also calls for new learning designs that fully make use of digital media and explore how they can be used to create a motivating and meaningful learning environment that addresses the learner’s individual needs and different preferences for expression. With the old norms for authority based on teacher centric classrooms changing, there is a need to develop ways that can engage, motivate and empower the learners to take part in learning activities that are inherently meaningful to each student. Storytelling and narrative is fundamental to the process of meaning making according to the seminal works of cultural psychologist Jerome Bruner [2]. .As the Canadian educational theorist Kieran Egan [3] suggests, there is an important relationship between storytelling and imagination because it is ”central to the general ability to make meaning out of experience.” One way to design for narrative multimodal learning isto introduce the learners to the tools to make digital animated stories as a way to work with literacies in the classroom. In this way it may offer the learners a platform for meaningful involvement in the school, where they are intrinsically motivated to perform task that they feel are relevant in the context of the narrative universes they are creating, fostering selfefficacy and a sense of empowerment, which may be important to further learning experiences.

  8. Developing Autonomous Learning for Oral Proficiency Using Digital Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, SoHee

    2014-01-01

    Since online educational technology can support a ubiquitous language learning environment, there are many ways to develop English learners' autonomy through self-access learning. This study investigates whether English as a second language (ESL) learners can improve their oral proficiency through independent study by using online self-study…

  9. Artistic Development in the Early School Years: A Cross-Media Study of Storytelling, Drawing, and Clay Modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ives, William; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Three media used in a longitudinal, cross-sectional investigation to determine the rate of artistic development in young children were clay modeling, drawing, and storytelling. The most significant result of the study reveals that artistic competence does not proceed upward across all media as the child matures. (JN)

  10. StoryBank: Mobile Digital Storytelling in a Development Context

    OpenAIRE

    Frohlich, DM; Rachovides, D.; Riga, K; Bhat, R.; Frank, M.; Edirisinghe, E; Wickramanayaka, D; M. Jones; Harwood, W

    2009-01-01

    The paper reports a new paradigm for audiovisual information sharing in developing communities with low levels of textual and computer literacy. This was informed by ethnographic studies of a community radio station in Budikote village, India and involves the creation of audiophoto narrative stories on a mobile phone which are shared through a physical community repository (or ‘Story-bank’). The paper reports the design and evaluation of the sociotechnical system in a trial, laying the fo...

  11. Towards an Empathizing and Adaptive Storyteller System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bae, Byung Chull; Brunete, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes our ongoing effort to build an empathizing and adaptive storyteller system. The system under development aims to utilize emotional expressions generated from an avatar or a humanoid robot in addition to the listener’s responses which are monitored in real time, in order to deliver a story in an effective manner. We conducted a pilot study and the results were analyzed in two ways: first, through a survey questionnaire analysis based on the participant’s subjective ratings; second, through automated video analysis based on the participant’s emotional facial expression and eye blinking. The survey questionnaire results show that male participants have a tendency of more empathizing with a story character when a virtual storyteller is present, as compared to audio-only narration. The video analysis results show that the number of eye blinking of the participants is thought to be reciprocal to their attention.

  12. Character animation fundamentals developing skills for 2D and 3D character animation

    CERN Document Server

    Roberts, Steve

    2012-01-01

    Expand your animation toolkit and remain competitive in the industry with this leading resource for 2D and 3D character animation techniques. Apply the industry's best practices to your own workflows and develop 2D, 3D and hybrid characters with ease. With side by side comparisons of 2D and 3D character design, improve your character animation and master traditional principles and processes including weight and balance, timing and walks. Develop characters inspired by humans, birds, fish, snakes and four legged animals. Breathe life into your character and develop a characters personality w

  13. Defining moments in leadership character development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleich, Michael R

    2015-06-01

    Critical moments in life define one's character and clarify true values. Reflective leadership is espoused as an important practice for transformational leaders. Professional development educators can help surface and explore defining moments, strengthen leadership behavior with defining moments as a catalyst for change, and create safe spaces for leaders to expand their leadership capacity. PMID:26057159

  14. Developing Optical Character Recoginition for Ethiopic Scripts

    OpenAIRE

    Demissie, Fitsum

    2011-01-01

    The Amharic language is the Official language of over 70 million people mainly in Ethiopia. An extensive literature survey and the government report reveal no single Amharic character recognition is found in the country. The Amharic script has 33 basic characters each with seven orders giving 310 distinct characters, including numbers and punctuation symbols. The characters are visually similar; there is a typeface, but no capitalization. Beside this there is no any standard font to use the l...

  15. Language, Literacy, Literature: Using Storytelling in the Languages Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Anne-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Stories and storytelling have been used for millennia to entertain, challenge and educate. As a shared form of language interaction, storytelling has engaged communities in developing and perpetuating common understandings of both language and culture, as critical foundations to harmonious societies. Stories and storytelling provide a rich source…

  16. Leadership, character and its development: A qualitative exploration

    OpenAIRE

    Roslyn De Braine; Derek Verrier

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore (1) what organisational leaders consider to be character elements of leaders within the workplace, (2) what influences leaders’ character development, and (3) how an organisation can continue the process of character development. The literature review and findings revealed that leadership, integrity, industriousness, empathy, loyalty, optimism, fairness and compassion are the most sought after character elements within leaders in the workplace. Leade...

  17. Signs, Systems and Complexity of Transmedia Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renira Rampazzo Gambarato

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses key concepts such as sign, system and complexity in order to approach transmedia storytelling and better understand its intricate nature. The theoretical framework chosen to investigate transmedia storytelling meanders is Semiotics by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914 and General Systems Theory by Mario Bunge (1919-. The complexity of transmedia storytelling is not simply the one of the signs of the works included in a transmedia franchise. It also includes the complexity of the dispositions of users/consumers/players as interpreters of semiotic elements (e.g. characters, themes, environments, events and outcomes presented by transmedia products. It extends further to the complexity of social, cultural, economical and political constructs. The German transmedia narrative The Ultimate SuperHero-Blog by Stefan Gieren and So?a’s Diary, a Portuguese multiplatform production by BeActive, are presented as examples of closed and open system transmedia storytelling respectively.

  18. Creating a Storytelling Classroom for a Storytelling World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the value of storytelling in English language learning. Strong emphasis is placed on the role that stories of personal experience play in human interaction and how these natural conversations foster a better language learning experience. The author outlines a four-step approach to help students develop conversational skills…

  19. Character Development: Putting It into Practice in Admissions and Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    The most important knowledge and skills a college education should develop in young people are those underlying good character, such as integrity, responsibility, work ethic, intellectual curiosity, mental flexibility, and wisdom. When leaders fail, most frequently it is because of issues of character, not lack of knowledge or intellectual…

  20. Interactive Digital Storytelling: Towards a Hybrid Conceptual Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Spierling, Ulrike

    2005-01-01

    1 Introduction In this contribution, Interactive Digital Storytelling is viewed as a hybrid form of game design and cinematic storytelling for the understanding and making of future learning and entertainment applications. The paper shall present formal design models that provide a conceptual bridge between both traditional linear narrative techniques as well as agent-based emergent conversations with virtual characters. In summary, a theoretical classification of thinking models for authors ...

  1. How to Develop Character Education of Madrassa Students in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Abu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, the  teachers criticized for failing to integrate the knowledge in the behavior of virtue. Therefore the character education is always considered in every design education, including in madrassas. The character education is the deliberate attempt to influence the behavior of students through customizing repeatedly. making it easy to do virtue and avoid crime. The research has focused on the approach to character education at madrassa. The qualitative method by interviewing, observation, and focus groups have been used in this study.A total of 16 teachers at four madrassas in South Sulawesi has been selected through purposive Sampling. The  research suggest: Madrassa teachers have not managed to practice the concept of teaching character. Both conceptually and contextually. The failure of conceptually caused teachers do not embed character values are extracted from the behavior of student’s virtue. While the failure of the contextually is has caused teachers failed in an attempt to develop character values, such as social relationships, honesty, and discipline. In addition, the teachers are not managed to practice courteous and not empowered to detain students of behavior lie.

  2. Professional Development for Character Education: An Evaluation of Teachers' Sense of Efficacy for Character Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledford, Alice T.

    2011-01-01

    Today's teachers and administrators must educate students for character. But, teachers are inconsistently prepared for this challenge. This descriptive study examined teachers' sense of efficacy for character education among pre-K-12 teachers based on their type of character education training. The Character Education Efficacy Belief Instrument…

  3. Storytelling as Research/Research as Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Patrick J.

    2011-01-01

    If story is central to human meaning why, in the research world, is there not more storytelling? Walter Benjamin (1973) noted that, "a story is different. It does not expend itself. It preserves and concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it even after a long time" (p. 90). How might research not expend itself, but preserve and…

  4. Towards a Postcolonial-storytelling Theory of Management and Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    JØrgensen, Kenneth MØlbjerg; Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

    2013-01-01

    A contribution to management philosophy is made here by the development of a postcolonial-storytelling theory, created by drawing together parallel developments in quantum physics and tribal peoples’ storytelling. We argue that these developments resituate the hegemonic relationship of discursive representationalism over material storytelling practices. Implications are two-fold. First, this dissolves inherent dualisms presumed in the concept of interaction among entities like actor–structure, subject–object and discursive–nondiscursive in favour of a profound ontology of entanglement and intra-action of materiality and discourse, where storytelling is a domain of this discourse. Second, postcolonial phenomena are understood as results of entangled genealogies in which plural voices are present. This implies an understanding and awareness of the intra-action of imperial narratives and material storytelling and antenarrative resistance, and thus the resistance and contestation to imperial and colonising monologic narratives of spatial and temporal alignment.

  5. Environmental Education Project for Developing Supersphere Characters in Children's Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, G. F.

    2014-12-01

    To raise awareness and provide basic knowledge about the environment, three children's books have been created to explain, in a simplified language, the basic processes of formation of the Earth, the origin of the universe, the planets and the moon, volcanism, rock formation and the appearance of water, the earliest life forms and their evolution and the main elements of Earth. These phenomena are represented through the main characters who are super heroes or designated Superspheres, such as Hydrosphere (water), Lithosphere (rocks), Biosphere (Polite, a stromatolite and Sarite, the mineral dolomite), Atmosphere (air), which are the 4 components of the Earth System, and the Pyrosphere(fire), which supplies the energy to drive the Earth System through volcanic activity. The characters have each developed super powers that evolved over geological time as they are transformed. They are the basic elements of nature and appear in a specific chronological order. With the emergence of ancient life in the seas, the Biosphere begins to use the energy of the sun, through of the photosynthetic activity of stromatolites, one of the friends of the superheroes, to produce the oxygen for the Atmosphere. Over a vast period of time, the evolution of life continues with the formation of the supercontinent Gondwana. With the arrival of man and his interaction with the Earth, the villain appears in the book as the "Homo incorrectus" (incorrect man), who abuses and tries to destroy the super heroes, the "Superspheres". The importance of these characters for the living Earth is emphasized, creating a connection between children and the characters. The aim of the story is to create a greater ecological conscience in the children and showing them that they should be helping to save the "Superspheres", who are in danger and need to be preserved. Projects for primary schools in the State of Rio de Janeiro have been designed and implemented around these characters, focusing on the rescue of each of these "Superspheres" and their importance for the local geological heritage of the region.

  6. The Effects of Privileging Moral or Performance Character Development in Urban Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seider, Scott; Novick, Sarah; Gomez, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    This study compared the effects of emphasizing moral character development or performance character development at three high-performing, high-poverty urban middle schools. Performance character consists of the qualities that allow individuals to regulate their thoughts and actions in ways that support achievement in a particular endeavor. Moral…

  7. Boundary crossing and learning identities – digital storytelling in primary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Mette Bjørgen

    2010-01-01

    This article contributes to academic discussions on how digital storytelling inan educational setting may have potential to build and develop learningidentities, agency and digital competences. With a socio-cultural frameworkon learning and identity as a point of departure, the article sets out to studythese issues approached as boundary crossing between the intersectingcontexts of leisure time and school. The analysis draws on three examples ofdigital storytelling among 5th - 7th graders in ...

  8. Sustaining Historic Centres as Growing Documents of the History of Human, Cultural and Social Development throughout Oral Patrimony

    OpenAIRE

    T

    2014-01-01

    This research has been developed from a framework that explores the Tangible and Intangible aspects of Historic Centres, finding how the Oral Patrimony has an intrinsic potential that connects these resources through Storytelling, for supporting their role as documents of the human, cultural and social development. Different cases will show the intrinsic narrative character of the Oral Patrimony and the strength of the Storytellers’ voice, which even though are quite unexploited in Historic...

  9. Boundary crossing and learning identities – digital storytelling in primary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Mette Bjørgen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to academic discussions on how digital storytelling inan educational setting may have potential to build and develop learningidentities, agency and digital competences. With a socio-cultural frameworkon learning and identity as a point of departure, the article sets out to studythese issues approached as boundary crossing between the intersectingcontexts of leisure time and school. The analysis draws on three examples ofdigital storytelling among 5th - 7th graders in three Norwegian primaryschool classes. My findings suggest that digital storytelling might represent aboundary crossing enabling pupils to adopt new roles as producers ofcreative content, as mentors or guides, to explore new technology andsoftware in a context different from that of outside school and to learn anddevelop competences related to production processes and multimodalresources. I argue that digital storytelling has a potential to contribute tolearning, learning identity and agency, provided it is based on a more fullydeveloped pedagogical strategy of carefully linking school and leisure time

  10. Material Storytelling : Resituating Language and Matter in Organizational Storytelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

    2014-01-01

    This chapter highlights the manner by which matter came to matter in an organizational restorying process. It reports on the important findings of an action-research project using and developing an organizational-reworking apparatus coined as Material Storytelling (Strand, 2010). Within the contemporary management literature, the low-practical aspects of organizational life, development, and change are commonly disregarded as unimportant. In return, this chapter highlights how matter matters as part of the field of possibility for action. More specifically, this chapter is the story about how I, together with 10 participants at a Danish care institution, the ’Youth-home’ at the Deaf-blindness Centre in Aalborg (DBC hereafter), came to acknowledge the importance of the arrangement of our physical surroundings in our workplaces in regard to the practices that are actually being conducted (and not). These surroundings do not so much (passively) mirror what is important and not important. Rather, they co-constitute, on a daily basis, which material-discursive practices (and voices) are allowed to matter, and which, in effect, are excluded from mattering through the congealed agency of these materialized physical surroundings. It became evident that if you want to rid the everyday work-practices from certain habitual patterns of behavior – and, in effect, change these priorities or hegemonies – you must be willing to change some vital physical and material conditions of the workplace. However, the rebuild in itself was not the solution. Rather, it was an important aspect of reworking the complex relationality of people, practices, and surroundings and in accomplishing a more balanced relationship between the discursive and the material in reworking the organization. The chapter proposes, through concrete examples, an Apparatus of Material Storytelling as the methodology through which imbalances can be resituated; a manner of ‘enacting the between’ that suggests a different take on the relationality of power, discourse, and materiality, which includes a discussion about respons(dis)ability just as much as responsibility, due to silenced, excluded, or impaired voices. Keywords: Material Storytelling, intra-action, materiality, matter, spacetimematter reconfiguration, Organizational change, multimodality, touching responsiveness, respons(dis)ability “Language matters. Discourse matters. Culture matters. There is an important sense in which the only thing that does not seem to matter anymore is matter” (Barad, 2007, p. 132).

  11. Come Spin a Yarn: The Storytelling Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudin, Claire

    An outgrowth of the New York City Annual Storytelling Festival, this handbook presents a framework upon which to build a storytelling program for children. The handbook is intended to prompt additional exploration of the literature on storytelling and folklore and help start storytelling programs, contests, and festivals in schools. The handbook…

  12. THE CHARACTER CONTEXT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JAYENGRONO PARK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine the context of the Willemsplein development. Willemsplein was a public urban-square in Dutch c¬o¬lonial era (plein at Jembatan Merah area. Willemsplein, which in the following time became Surabaya urban heritage, changes into a private me¬¬mo¬rial park which is known as Taman Jayeng¬rono (Jayengrono Park. The context of this park is the most important aspect in the urban-square de¬¬velopment be¬cause the attainment of the suitability and continuity of the visual-formal, memory, and meaning of the urban-square arrangement implicitely shows certain character. The research method is a qualitative des¬crip¬tive method which is implied to analyze the comparation of the arrangement of Jayengrono Park in the past and at present in three phases. The first phase is the identification of the chronological formation of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the historical period suitability (diachronic reading towards the phy¬sical arrangement (synchronic reading. The second phase is the identification of the proportion of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the measurement of the square-proportion ratio. The last phase is the iden¬tification of the place by using the analysis technique of simulation. The research shows that the Willems¬ple¬in arrangement combines the classical European open-square arrangement of the two development centers in Italy and France through the usage of the sequences of streets, rivers and bridges and the usage of the street axes as the mathematical result of the square proportion. The deletion of the intagible identitiy in Willemsplein shows that the character context cannot be attained; or it can be interpreted as the loss of the identity of the cu¬l¬tural reservation in the development of Jayengrono Park. Concurrently, it means that the development of Ja¬yeng¬rono Park is merely as an urban green open-square.

  13. Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to…

  14. Development and Validation of Outcome Measures for the School-Based Social and Character Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminski, Jennifer Wyatt; David-Ferdon, Corinne; Battistich, Victor A.

    2009-01-01

    The Social and Character Development (SACD) research program was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of seven elementary-school-based programs developed to promote social and emotional competence, positive behavior, a positive school climate, and academic achievement, and to decrease negative behavior. Procedures undertaken by the SACD…

  15. Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?

    OpenAIRE

    Theo Hug

    2012-01-01

    It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to ...

  16. The Effects of Athletic Competition on Character Development in College Student Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoll, Sharon Kay

    2012-01-01

    This article argues that there are inherent problems in athletic competition relating to character development in college student athletes. A review of the research supports the claim that athletic competitions do not build character. The author proposes ways to address this problem and provides personal observations and published research to…

  17. Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theo Hug

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme, thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.

  18. MicroCulture : Interactive storytelling and learning in the museum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchetti, Emanuela

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a playful learning scenario, to enhance children’s museum experience, and the design of MicroCulture, a new learning platform. MicroCulture has been developed through a participatory design process, involving around 25 children. The perspective proposed in this paper is focused on enhancing existing storytelling practices, so to provide a more tangible grounding to the communication of historical processes and to elicit a lively dialogue between children and guides. In this perspective, it is proposed to turn storytelling, as a museum learning practice, into a more dialogic and playful mode of communication.

  19. Character Development in a Distance Education Literature Course: Perspectives on Independent Study English 395R--Christian Fantasy Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael C.

    2009-01-01

    The goals of higher education often entail the development of students' character. Rarely, however, are these character development goals connected to the unique design and delivery of distance education programs. Additionally, the research literature that explores the character development aspects of distance education is sparse. Thus the purpose…

  20. Storytelling and the Web in South African Museums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodnow, Katherine J.; Natland, Yngvar

    The Iziko museums in Cape Town, South Africa in collaboration with the International Museums Studies Programme at the University of Bergen, Norway, have jointly developed a Web-based concept that combines oral storytelling with new technology to connect schools in the South and North. Awaiting funding at the time of publication, this project was…

  1. Critical Narrative Inquiry : Storytelling, Sustainability and Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    While organizations have become central for thinking and structuring contemporary social action, existing perspectives on what they are and how to deal with them are still rooted in modern ideas about the foundations of society. The chapters in this volume take critical narrative inquiry — inspired by postmodern or post-human approaches to organizations — as a broad range of research and development strategies that challenge the dominant perspectives prevalent in the organizational literature. The purpose of the volume is three-fold. Firstly, a critical reading of organizations foregrounding notions of power and ethics is presented. Secondly, a new framework for understanding and analyzing organizational action based on critical notions of storytelling and sustainability is unfolded. Thirdly, the framework is deployed through innovative concepts and learning methodologies for leadership, organizational, or community development. The authors engage in philosophical and theoretical reflections on the ways contemporary organizations work. They also present and analyze case studies of power, storytelling and learning in organizations. As a whole the book provides examples of what can be done to make organizations work in more appropriate ways in the future.

  2. Poetic reflection through digital storytelling – a methodology to foster professional health worker identity in students

    OpenAIRE

    Jamissen, Grete; Skou, Goro

    2010-01-01

    In the field of digital storytelling research there is a focus on personal narratives, multimedia and the creative process in developing identity and voice. The project introduced in this paper has identified contexts in higher education where digital storytelling may be used as a promising tool to support students’ learning, assisting them to combine theory and practical experience in their field of study. Students in the health professions need to develop a professional identity based on ...

  3. Time Management Practices, Character Development and Academic Performance among University Undergraduates: Covenant University Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth I. Olowookere

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: University undergraduates are representative of the Nigerian youth population; and sustainable development in any nation depends on the resourcefulness of her youth. This necessitates the need to drive excellence among Nigerian undergraduates through quality education and advice. Quality education is demonstrated in character and in learning; and characters of discipline, responsibility and diligence serve as the hallmark of excellence among university undergraduates. It is hypothesized that time management practices will be positively related to character development and academic performance among university undergraduates. Method: The case study and ex-post facto research designs were adopted in this study. Questionnaire was administered to 120 Diploma and Certificate students of Leadership Development Programme in Covenant University. Results: The findings revealed a positive relationship between character development and time management practices (r = .44, p p 2 = .241, F (3,116 = 12.383, p 2 = .241, F (3,116 = 5.412, p p > .05. Conclusion: It was concluded that in the quest for academic excellence, building performance characters such as discipline, responsibility and diligence among university undergraduates was as important as improving the quality and standard of learning. This study therefore recommended that time management training be incorporated into academic advising and tutoring programs in the Nigerian academia.

  4. Character Animation

    Science.gov (United States)

    A general discussion of the creation and animation of characters in computer animation. This section includes principles of traditional character animation techniques, such as those developed by the Disney animators, and also human modelling. The section includes html pages, images and several videos.

  5. Coordinating Social-Emotional and Character Development (SECD) Initiatives Improves School Climate and Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, Maurice J.; DeFini, Jennifer; Bergmann, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Many schools attempt to implement multiple programs to promote positive young adolescent development; however, these programs are often fragmented and lack coordination. The authors describe an initiative designed to help schools coordinate their social-emotional and character development (SECD) efforts to improve school climate and help students…

  6. Character Development in Business Education: A Comparison of Coeducational and Single-Sex Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, James H.; Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle; Rajadhyaksha, Ujvala

    2011-01-01

    This study questions the widely held assumption, particularly in the United States, that coeducation is best. Previous research supports the development of single-sex education for both female and male students. This study examines how the learning climate of the coeducation environment seems to affect the character development of female business…

  7. Influence of Sports, Physical Education and Health Teacher Professionalism in Developing Students’ Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bafirman Bafirman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Character education through a variety of subjects including the Sports, Physical Education and Health in school has recently includes the introduction of norms or values, however the internalization of those norms are yet to be seen through actions in daily living. Professionalism of Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers is crucial for effective and efficient learning to occurs. Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers requires a series of professional courses to become teachers, who will produce smart, critical, innovative, democratic and dignified students with good character, and at the same time, be a role model for developing a high quality human resources. The research objective is to see the effect of Sports, Physical Education and Health teacher’s professionalism toward the development of students’ character. This research was designed using qualitative and quantitative approaches in the form of "cross-sectional" study. The population in this research were the certified Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers, the students and the principals of public junior high school in the city of Padang. The samples were determined by purposive sampling. Data was collected by questionnaire, observation and interview. The analysis results found that (1 Professionalism of Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers affects very significantly to the development of students’ character, and (2 Professionalism of Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers is significantly associated with the state of the students’ character.

  8. Transmedia storytelling and the creation of a converging space of educational practices

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Patri?cia; Bidarra, Jose?

    2014-01-01

    As the media landscape evolves, educators are tapping into learning opportunities that meet the needs of 21st century learners. This paper provides an entry point to a relevant social problem related to education with Trans- media Storytelling, a story that crosses multiple forms of media, and each delivers a unique or specific contribution to the story experience. This study aims to contribute to the development and application of Transmedia Storytelling in educational settings. For this pur...

  9. Storytelling: A Path to Imagination and Creativity in the Primary English Class

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto Correa Gloria

    2002-01-01

    Storytelling has been used as a means to help students of a private school improve their communicative skills. To achieve this goal, we have designed activities that enable students to use English actively and at the same time get in touch with literature. We expect to change students¿ attitudes towards English and to motivate them to develop proficiency in the foreign language through storytelling. In doing so, we are innovating our teaching practices by incorporating a tool that can provid...

  10. Interactive Narrator in Ludic Space : A Dynamic Story Plot underneath the Framework of MMORPGs Storytelling System

    OpenAIRE

    Nobaew, Banphot; Ryberg, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    For decades, the development of digital interactive storytelling in games has been of interest to many researchers. Some scholars have studied the expert system which dynamically creates plots for players, while other scholars investigate the story structure. However, the latter mostly focuses on the micro story level of storytelling structure (Begin-Middle-End). This paper describes the framework for a games writer in MMORPGs as a non-linear narrative, in which a gameplayer takes the role of...

  11. Story-telling, Earth-Sciences and Geoethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohle, Martin; Sibilla, Anna; Graells, Robert Casals i.

    2015-04-01

    People are engineers, even the artist. People like stories, even the engineers. Engineering shapes the intersections of humans and their environments including with the geosphere. Geoethics considers values upon which to base practices how to intersect the geosphere. Story-telling is a skilful human practice to describe perception of values in different contexts to influence their application. Traditional earth-centric narrations of rural communities have been lost in the global urbanisation process. These former-time narrations related to the "sacrum" - matters not possible to be explained with reasoning. Science and technology, industrialisation and global urbanisation require an other kind of earth-centric story-telling. Now at the fringe of the Anthropocene, humans can base their earth-centricity on knowledge and scientific thinking. We argue that modern story-telling about the functioning of Earth's systems and the impact of humankind's activities on these systems is needed, also in particular because citizens rarely can notice how the geosphere intersects with their daily dealings; putting weather and disasters aside. Modern earth-centric story-telling would offer citizens opportunities to develop informed position towards humankind's place within earth-systems. We argue that such "earth-science story-lines" should be part of the public discourse to engage citizens who have more or less "expert-knowledge". Understanding the functioning of the Earth is needed for economy and values suitable for an anthropophil society. Multi-faceted discussion of anthropogenic global change and geoengineering took off recently; emerging from discussions about weather and hazard mitigation. Going beyond that example; we illustrate opportunities for rich story-telling on intersections of humans' activities and the geosphere. These 'modern narrations' can weave science, demographics, linguistics and cultural histories into earth-centric stories around daily dealings of citizens. Such earth-science narrations could convene value statements on how humankind activities intersect the geosphere; and thus, they are narrations on geoethics.

  12. The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokom Komalasari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized and implemented. This study aimed at describing: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing; (2 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model in lecturing and (3 the effect of the living values-based contextual learning model on students? character improvement. Approach: This study used Research and Development design. The technique of data collection used observation, documentation, Focus Group Discussion and questionnaire. The analysis of qualitative data used data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion stages. Meanwhile, quantitative data analysis used correlation and regression analysis. The subjects of study were 98 students of Civic Education Study Program, Indonesia University of Education of academic year 2011/2012. Results: The finding showed that: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing was the integration of living values into material, method, media, learning source and lecturing evaluation conceptually; (2 the living values-based contextual learning model was implemented through value learning variation in contextual learning (problem-based learning, cooperative learning, project-based learning, service learning and work-based learning; (3 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model had an effect by 26% on the students? character development Conclusion: The living values-based contextual learning is an alternative of character education integration model in university learning process. This model can be applied in lecturing to develop the students? characters including religious, honest, tolerant, well-mannered, discipline, hard working, creative, independent, democratic, homeland love, respecting achievement, collaborating and responsible.

  13. Character Education: Students Develop "The Kindness Company" to Benefit Local Charities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanton, Dorothy

    2004-01-01

    One can develop a family and consumer sciences (FCS) course that teaches character education, and allows students to experience the good feelings that come from helping others through The Kindness Company. The Kindness Company is a simulated company that produces items for donation to local charitable organizations. Students get management…

  14. Education for Character: An Alternative to Values Clarification and Cognitive Moral Development Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beller, Edward

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the weaknesses inherent in Sidney Simon's values clarification method and Lawrence Kohlberg's cognitive moral development method, suggesting that single class, isolated instruction overlooks the affective, unconscious elements of character formation. Recommends an alternative holistic approach based on John Locke's concept of all…

  15. DIGITAL STORYTELLING, EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR E LITERACIA DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josias Ricardo Hack

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a critical review of the relevant literature in English and Portuguese on the production of audiovisual material such as Digital Storytelling to be used in higher education and produced by those involved in the teaching and learning process. The aim is to reflect on some characteristics needed to develop a contextualized experience through short audiovisual stories.The research methodology used in this study is based on vast literature search inseveral databases at Nottingham Trent University (England and the UniversidadeFederal de Santa Catarina (Brazil. The study results indicate that certain skills,for example, ability to construct a coherent narrative, and image, video and soundediting are required of those involved in higher education due to the insertion ofmultiple digital technologies in peoples’ everyday life. Thus, it is argued that thepractical experience of audiovisual education might enhance the digital literacyof students by the production of audiovisual pieces for the collaborative learningprocess of adults.

  16. Entrepreneurship Development Course to Foster Character Merchandise in Support Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Waspodo Tjipto Subroto

    2013-01-01

    This analysis focuses on the entrepreneurship education and economic growth to welfare in the nation. Development of learning and teaching activities aim to build a spirit of human creativity, innovation, sportsmanship and self-employment. These learning need to be followed up with efforts to integrate character education classes, education, creative economy, and entrepreneurship education into the college curriculum. These program is a very important to economic growth, and more important t...

  17. Digital storytelling a creator's guide to interactive entertainment

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Carolyn Handler

    2014-01-01

    Digital Storytelling shows you how to create immersive, interactive narratives across a multitude of platforms, devices, and media. From age-old storytelling techniques to cutting-edge development processes, this book covers creating stories for all forms of New Media, including transmedia storytelling, video games, mobile apps, and second screen experiences. The way a story is told, a message is delivered, or a narrative is navigated has changed dramatically over the last few years. Stories are told through video games, interactive books, and social media. Stories are told on all sorts of different platforms and through all sorts of different devices. They're immersive, letting the user interact with the story and letting the user enter the story and shape it themselves.This book features case studies that cover a great spectrum of platforms and different story genres. It also shows you how to plan processes for developing interactive narratives for all forms of entertainment and non-fiction purposes: educat...

  18. Storytelling: a leadership and educational tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalski, Karren

    2015-06-01

    A powerful tool that leaders and educators can use to engage the listeners-both staff and learners-is storytelling. Stories demonstrate important points, valuable lessons, and the behaviors that are preferred by the leader. PMID:26057160

  19. Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology

    OpenAIRE

    Melany Cueva; Regina Kuhnley; Laura J. Revels; Katie Cueva; Mark Dignan; Lanier, Anne P

    2013-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs) in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. Methods. Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 200...

  20. Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartling Lisa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of children with croup for use in a randomized controlled trial. Methods A creative writer interviewed parents of children with croup presenting to the pediatric emergency department (ED and drafted stories. We revised the stories based on written participant feedback and edited the stories to incorporate research evidence and health information. An illustrator and graphic designer developed story booklets which were evaluated through focus groups. Results Ten participants provided feedback on the five stories drafted by the creative writer. Participants liked the concept but found the writing overly sophisticated and wanted more character development and more medical/health information. Participants highlighted specific story content that they liked and disliked. The revised stories were evaluated through focus groups involving eight individuals. Feedback was generally positive; one participant questioned the associated costs. Participants liked the graphics and layout; felt that they could identify with the stories; and felt that it was easier to get information compared to a standard medical information sheet. Participants provided feedback on the story content, errors and inconsistencies, and preferences of writing style and booklet format. Feedback on how to package the stories was provided by attendees at a national meeting of pediatric emergency researchers. Conclusions Several challenges arose during the development of the stories including: staying true to the story versus being evidence based; addressing the use of the internet by consumers as a source of health information; balancing the need to be comprehensive and widely applicable while being succinct; considerations such as story length, reading level, narrative mode, representation of different demographics and illness experiences, graphics and layout. The process was greatly informed by feedback from the end-user group. This allowed us to shape our products to ensure accuracy, credibility, and relevance. Our experience is valuable for further work in the area of stories and narratives, as well as more broadly for identifying and developing communication strategies for healthcare consumers.

  1. iTheater Puppets Tangible Interactions for Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayora, Oscar; Costa, Cristina; Papliatseyeu, Andrei

    In this paper we present preliminary work on iTheater, an interactive integrated system for story-creation and storytelling, dedicated to young children. Based on the analogy with hand puppets’ theatre, the system aims to create an interactive environment where children will be able to give life to their imaginary characters by creating, editing and recording computer animations in a simple and exciting way, through the movement and tactile manipulation of traditional hand puppets. The system merges the familiarity of use of physical objects with the engaging richness of expression of sounds, images and animations. The iTheater is conceived as a creative flexible toolkit to create and tell stories, taking advantage of the new opportunities based on the multimedia and interactive technologies.

  2. Digital Storytelling: An Empirical Study of the Impact of Digital Storytelling on Pre-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Dispositions towards Educational Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Misook

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the effects of the digital storytelling experience on pre-service teachers' self-efficacy towards educational technology. Additionally, this study examined professional dispositions including openness to change towards educational technology, degree of willingness to participate in professional development and technology…

  3. Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Santanu Halder; Mr. Abul Hasnat,; Ms. Amina Khatun,; Dr. Debotosh Bhattacharjee,; Dr. M. Nasipuri,

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated...

  4. The Importance of Cognition, Metacognition and Motivation in the Character Development through Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baykent, Derya; E?me, Isa

    2007-04-01

    This is a discussion paper in order to show the importance of cognition, metacognition and motivation in an individual's character development through Science. Two studies were illustrated for this reason. By means of the first study it is aimed to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science and, using this positive environment developed through motivation, build desired and expected behaviors in the society. The study has been applied to 660 students between 2000-2002 at VKV Koc School, Turkey. The other study examined how an individual reacts to questions about self-recognition of that individual's unique selfhood; that individual's feeling fulfilled; that individual's realizing the importance of his impact on his global society. For this, an online survey was conducted. There were 93-submissions gathered from different countries with different education levels and age groups. This study was conducted in the spring 2006.

  5. The development of character education by improving student motivation in science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this study is, first to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science by applying convenient teaching methods, systems, and tools. Therefore, to use the positive environment developed through motivation consciously and build desired and expected behaviours in the society by means of character education. Appropriate character education is to be carried out by relating Science topics to the current daily life.The field of this study was V.K.V. Koc School. Applications were occurred with 666 students from K1 to K5 levels. Measurements and evaluation field was limited with K4 and K5 levels, who joined the Science Laboratory Activities periodically. The study has been applied between 2000 autumn term and 2002 spring term. Additionally, there is a comparative adaptation on the study of 2002-2003 education year, which was adapted to the American K8 level students at Lake Stevens Middle School, Seattle, Washington, USA

  6. Threats of natural character, factors affecting sustainable development of territories and their prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guskova N.D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available XXI century is characterized by globalization of socio-economic processes, economic growth, and excessive consumption of natural resources that leads to imbalance in socio-economic systems. Significant threats to the sustainable development of territories are natural and anthropogenic disasters, the extent and severity of which significantly increased in recent decades. They do great damage to economy and environment, often accompanied by loss of human lives. Russia with its broad territory, significant difference in climate conditions, is exposed to the wide range of natural hazards and disasters. The most dangerous are earthquakes, floods, forest fires. About 20 % of the Russian Federation is situated in zones of high risk, which are inhabited by more than 20 million people. Area of flooding as a result of floods can reach over 400 km2. Annually in the forests appear from 100 to 300 thousand of fires on the total area of 1.5 - 2.5 million hectares. The impact of natural disasters on the sustainable development of territory is considered in the article as an example of one of the Russian regions - the Republic of Mordovia. It was analyzed the dynamics of emergencies for the period of 2000 - 2012 years, paid attention to natural emergencies (forest fires and floods. Despite the fact that occurrence of emergency and catastrophic situations of natural character happens spontaneously, size of damage they do largely determined by timeliness and accuracy of the prediction and adoption of adequate preventive measures. In this regard, the article provides recommendations to reduce threats of natural character for the sustainable development of the Republic of Mordovia. They cover a range of activities on monitoring of natural phenomena, protection of the population from emergency situations to minimize potential damage, training of population in the face of natural disasters, development of economic policy in the region and training of personnel in the sphere of environmental management.

  7. Believable Characters

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Nasr, Magy Seif; Bishko, Leslie; Zammitto, Veronica; Nixon, Michael; Vasiliakos, Athanasios V.; Wei, Huaxin

    The interactive entertainment industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. In 1996, the U.S. entertainment software industry reported 2.6 billion in sales revenue, this figure has more than tripled in 2007 yielding 9.5 billion in revenues [1]. In addition, gamers, the target market for interactive entertainment products, are now reaching beyond the traditional 8-34 year old male to include women, Hispanics, and African Americans [2]. This trend has been observed in several markets, including Japan, China, Korea, and India, who has just published their first international AAA title (defined as high quality games with high budget), a 3D third person action game: Ghajini - The Game [3]. The topic of believable characters is becoming a central issue when designing and developing games for today's game industry. While narrative and character were considered secondary to game mechanics, games are currently evolving to integrate characters, narrative, and drama as part of their design. One can see this pattern through the emergence of games like Assassin's Creed (published by Ubisoft 2008), Hotel Dusk (published by Nintendo 2007), and Prince of Persia series (published by Ubisoft), which emphasized character and narrative as part of their design.

  8. Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Santanu Halder

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated persons who want to know the Braille system through Bengali language. The proposed methodology has been tested on the Braille documents collected from the Jhunka Pratibondhi Aloke Niketan, West Bengal.

  9. Storytelling as a Strategy for Understanding Concepts of Electricity and Electromagnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkotas, Panos; Rizaki, Aikaterini; Malamitsa, Katerina

    2010-01-01

    In our research, we investigated whether students will develop inquiry skills, such as hypothesis exploration and formulation and interpretation, and metacognitive skills, such as comprehension of new knowledge, as a result of a storytelling strategy employed during teaching. We also investigated whether students will utilize the skills and…

  10. Storytelling to Teach Cultural Awareness: The Right Story at the Right Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldasaro, Mary McCullum; Maldonado, Nancy; Baltes, Beate

    2014-01-01

    Stories contain the wisdom of the world, teaching cultural values. Story builds community, celebrates cultural diversity, and preserves cultural identity. Where truth has been suppressed, story is an instrument of epiphany; story builds literacy skills and develops metaphorical understanding. A storytelling center in Ontario, Canada, had been a…

  11. Aging and Spirituality: Reclaiming Connection through Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Beverly A.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author suggests it is possible for older persons to renew community connections with storytelling and, through this means, to ask some compelling questions. The answers to these questions provide a sense of meaning and purpose for a life well lived.

  12. Zen and the Art of Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Heesoon; Cohen, Avraham

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the contribution of Zen storytelling to moral education. First, an understanding of Zen practice, what it is and how it is achieved, is established. Second, the connection between Zen practice and ethics is shown in terms of the former's ability to cultivate moral emotions and actions. It is shown that Zen practice works…

  13. 2011 "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival will take place in Plan-les-Ouates (Geneva) from 6 to 15 May 2011. This year, for the first time, stories will be told in English at 11 a.m. on Sunday, 15 May, at the "La Julienne" arts and culture centre.   More information  

  14. Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-Chung Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects the data from some relative questionnaires with randomly sampling to distribute for 500 preschool children’s parents in Southern Taiwan. The data are then analyzed by using SPSS statistical tool with factor analysis, regression analysis and also Hierarchical regression. The results of analysis are concluded as follows: (1 Parenting style reveals partially notably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (2 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application presents partially significantly positive correlations with parenting style, (3 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application appears partially remarkably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (4 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application shows partially significantly moderating effects between parenting style and children’s character development. Based on the research outcomes, it is expected that some suggestions and references would be very useful for preschool children’s parents to appropriately integrate information technology within their shared reading and parenting with children.

  15. Building trust in times of crisis: : Storytelling and change communication in an airline company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, Roy; Thorup, Signe

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Purpose – This paper aims to argue for and apply a polyphonic approach to corporate storytelling and organisational change communication. A participatory action research project demonstrates how recently developed inclusive methodologies that seek to create employee participation have been applied in a case company. Design/methodology/approach – Case study based on a constructionist approach and four methodological foundations: participatory action research, co-productive methods (such as organisational photography), appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams. Findings – Results of the organisational change process in the case company show that the application of a polyphonic approach to organisational change communication and storytelling, appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams created involvement in and enactment of organisational change based on employees, own values and stories in the case company. Research limitations/implications – Further research is needed that applies the methodological foundations of this study in other organisational contexts and under different circumstances. Practical implications – The methodologies and approaches applied in this case cannot be transferred to other organisations directly, but the paper seeks to inspire practitioners with regard to inclusive and empowering approaches to change communication and storytelling. Originality/value – Argues theoretically, presents and applies recently developed constructionist approaches and co-productive methods. Keywords Change management, Storytelling, Corporate communications, Organizational culture, Airlines Paper type Research paper

  16. The Hadia Story: Digital Storytelling in Election Campaigns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Øyvind Kalnes

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released during the 2009 parliamentary election campaign and the reactions they evoked on the net and in the traditional media during the same (time period.During the 2009 electoral campaign Tajik moved from being a relatively unknown politician to becoming a political household name and the only member of the new Parliament with a migrant background. The digital stories were instrumental in this development for numerous reasons, the most important probably being that they gave her prime time television coverage. Norwegian news media have in general been very concerned with Web 2.0 and Tajik’s videos were regarded as an innovative kind of political communication. The videos also functioned as an effective marketing tool on the net. As an integral part of her extensive viral network, they attracted numerous views and they were with a few exceptions met with positive reactions. This was probably due to their relatively high production values and their catch-all communication strategy that downplayed her ethnic, educational and political background and emphasized her universal human qualities.

  17. Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Rob Gill

    2011-01-01

    Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty ...

  18. The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character

    OpenAIRE

    Kokom Komalasari

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized and implemented. This study aimed at describing: (1) the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing; (2) the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model in lecturing and (3) the effect of the living...

  19. Emerging Development of Semantic and Phonological Routes to Character Decoding in Chinese as a Foreign Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Clay

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effects of semantic and phonetic radicals on Chinese character decoding by high-intermediate level Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners. The results of the study suggest that the CFL learners tested have a well-developed semantic pathway to recognition; however, their phonological pathway is not yet a reliable means…

  20. Facing Violence and Conflict with Communication : Possibilities and limitations of storytelling and entertainment-education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tufte, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    In this essay the focus is around the material conditions of poverty, anxiety, social instability and insecurity faced by many around the globe. I articulate a communication theory and practical model that can address the aggression and desperation, which are embedded in violent practices and conflicts. My assertion is that many communicative disconnects lie in between the constructs of anxiety, insecurity and instability faced by many individuals in the world today and the inadequate way in which governments and other authorities communicate with their publics. My claim is that the communication practices commonly used often times are disempowering. I thus draw on Clemencia Rodriguez' proposal for a 'communication for peace' to make the point that communication is a poorly exploited resource in society. I thus describe a communication strategy that can empower individuals and counter the negative forces such as aggression, desperation, violence and conflicts. Particularly, I explore the power of storytelling as a communicative strategy. I focus on the principles of empathy, dialogue and diversity inherent in the communication model that anchors storytelling methodology. I argue that storytelling forms such as entertainment-education, which can embody the above principles, can prove beneficial in building trust and awareness. I furthermore argue that they can facilitate social mobilisation and provide a space for the disempowered to articulate their voices. Thus, it is possible for storytelling forms to contribute positively to creating agency among the marginalised and thus develop supportive and nurturing social and communicative environments. The potentially empowering qualities of storytelling through entertainment-education can contribute to building a positive sense of agency among ordinary citizens, and in so doing can develop supportive socio-communicative environments. I end by calling for an alternative communication paradigm, where principles of open access to the media, voice and visibility in the media, recognition of each others' differences, and room and time for dialogue and debate should guilde our communication practice.

  1. Entrepreneurship Development Course to Foster Character Merchandise in Support Economic Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waspodo Tjipto Subroto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This analysis focuses on the entrepreneurship education and economic growth to welfare in the nation. Development of learning and teaching activities aim to build a spirit of human creativity, innovation, sportsmanship and self-employment. These learning need to be followed up with efforts to integrate character education classes, education, creative economy, and entrepreneurship education into the college curriculum. These program is a very important to economic growth, and more important than the object that is emphasized in most economic education. The image is an impression that a poor country because people do not have program entrepreneurship education with effective and eficience so perceptions received by a person when he saw, heard and used in the national industry to generate economic value. The image must be built in a planned and measured so as to discover the presence of a positive impact on the nation. The economic structure of the creative assets that have the potential to increase of economic growth. World transformed rapidly with economic growth, from the SDA-based human resource-based, from the agricultural era to the industrial era and the views of economic development based on the flow of ideas. Wave of creative economy is a stream that has been accepted as the flow of the new economy in the economic civilization. previous waves, among others: the wave of agricultural economics, industrial economics wave, and wave information economy. Creative economy as a recent surge in economic growth, entrepreneurship needs to be invested in the lecture so that they can optimally support its economic growth.

  2. Zen and the Art of Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Heesoon; Cohen, Avraham

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the contribution of Zen storytelling to moral education. First, an understanding of Zen practice, what it is and how it is achieved, is established. Second, the connection between Zen practice and ethics is shown in terms of the former’s ability to cultivate moral emotions and actions. It is shown that Zen practice works at the roots of consciousness where, according to the fundamental tenets of Buddhism, the possibility of human goodness, known as bodhicitta (awakened h...

  3. Time and Space in Digital Game Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Huaxin Wei; Jim Bizzocchi; Tom Calvert

    2010-01-01

    The design and representation of time and space are important in any narrative form. Not surprisingly there is an extensive literature on specific considerations of space or time in game design. However, there is less attention to more systematic analyses that examine both of these key factors—including their dynamic interrelationship within game storytelling. This paper adapts critical frameworks of narrative space and narrative time drawn from other media and demonstrates their applicatio...

  4. Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melany Cueva

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. Methods. Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 2009–2012 in which 67 CHWs each created a personal 2–3 minute cancer-related digital story. Participant-chosen digital story topics included tobacco cessation, the importance of recommended cancer screening exams, cancer survivorship, loss, grief and end-of-life comfort care, and self-care as patient care providers. All participants completed an end-of-course written evaluation. In July 2012, contact information was available for 48 participants, of whom 24 completed an internet survey. Results. All 67 participants successfully completed a digital story which they shared and discussed with course members. On the written post-course evaluation, all participants reported that combining digital storytelling with cancer education supported their learning and was a culturally respectful way to provide health messages. Additionally, 62 of 67 CHWs reported that the course increased their confidence to share cancer information with their communities. Up to 3 years post-course, all 24 CHW survey respondents reported they had shown their digital story. Of note, 23 of 24 CHWs also reported change in their own behaviour as a result of the experience. Conclusions. All CHWs, regardless of computer skills, successfully created a digital story as part of the cancer education course. CHWs reported that digital stories enhanced their learning and were a culturally respectful way to share cancer-related information. Digital storytelling gave the power of the media into the hands of CHWs to increase their cancer knowledge, facilitate patient and community cancer conversations, and promote cancer awareness and wellness.

  5. Digital Storytelling: The Arts and Preservice Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vito M. Dipinto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this presentation, the authors describe a journey of teachers in a graduate Fine Arts Methods course. The journey began with conversations about what art is and the nature of collections in exploring this question. Elements of visual literacy, storytelling and music were investigated. The final product was a Digital Story incorporating all of these elements into a teaching artifact that integrated the Arts into other content areas for K-8 students.

  6. Character coding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeff Wilson

    Character coding has been called the bete noire of phylogenetic analysis. As you may have seen from class, the definition of "character" is squishy and varies between authors. Although there isn't agreement on exactly what a character is, it is possible to predict how certain character definitions and coding strategies affect phylogenetic analysis. This activity focuses on character coding, specifically about how different coding strategies can affect analysis. In this exercise we will try to look at different coding strategies by considering the simple shapes below. (1) What is a character, and what qualities do characters have? (2) Given the 'morphology' depicted above, what features vary? (3) Given the variation you identified, come up with as many character codings as you can; i.e., different ways that this variation can be coded into characters. (4) For each of the coding strategies you come up with in question 3, identify its assumptions, limitations, and strengths. (5) Identify your preferred coding strategy and defend your choice. Students asked to define what a character is and to discuss what they 'require', and then to come up with an exhaustive list of coding strategies for the sample morphology. They are then asked to list assumptions/limitations of each strategy.

  7. Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information

    OpenAIRE

    Hartling Lisa; Scott Shannon; Pandya Rena; Johnson David; Bishop Ted; Klassen Terry P

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of children with croup for use in a randomized controlled trial. Methods A creative writer interviewed parents of children with croup presenting to the pediatric emergency department (ED) and drafted stories. We revised th...

  8. Transmedia Storytelling and the Creation of a Converging Space of Educational Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Rodrigues

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As the media landscape evolves, educators are tapping into learning opportunities that meet the needs of 21st century learners. This paper provides an entry point to a relevant social problem related to education with Transmedia Storytelling, a story that crosses multiple forms of media, and each delivers a unique or specific contribution to the story experience. This study aims to contribute to the development and application of Transmedia Storytelling in educational settings. For this purpose a set of frameworks and educational models were selected based on research that points to the widespread use of transmedia learning experiences that are authentic, engaging, immersive, as well as support the development of new literacies. Ultimately, we attempt to demonstrate how the creation of a transmedia learning environment will allow the learner to develop and thrive in the digital age.

  9. Transchromatic generalized character maps

    CERN Document Server

    Stapleton, Nathaniel J

    2011-01-01

    In "Generalized Group Characters and Complex Oriented Cohomology Theories", Hopkins, Kuhn, and Ravenel develop a way to study cohomology rings of the form E^*(BG) in terms of a character map. The character map can be interpreted as a map of cohomology theories beginning with a height n cohomology theory E and landing in a height 0 cohomology theory with a rational algebra of coefficients that is constructed out of E. In this paper we use the language of p-divisible groups to extend their construction for Morava E-theory so that the character map can land in every height t between 0 and n.

  10. Influence of Sports, Physical Education and Health Teacher Professionalism in Developing Students’ Character

    OpenAIRE

    Bafirman Bafirman

    2014-01-01

    Character education through a variety of subjects including the Sports, Physical Education and Health in school has recently includes the introduction of norms or values, however the internalization of those norms are yet to be seen through actions in daily living. Professionalism of Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers is crucial for effective and efficient learning to occurs. Sports, Physical Education and Health teachers requires a series of professional courses to become teacher...

  11. Organizational (auto)-ethnography : an interaction analysis of identity work through the study of other-orientation and storytelling practices in a leadership development forum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Ann

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary organizations feature what can be said to be the absence of boundaries and is increasingly defined by loose couplings, pluri-vocality and network configurations. What Foucault (1995) addressed as a former society of discipline is transformed and replaced into what Deleuze (1995) refines as a society of control that incorporates its subjects into new and ever-changing lines of subjectification. This transformation of dispositifs (Deleuze, 1992; Foucault, 1980) and authoritative discourses (Bakhtin, 1982) that compose (and is composed of) a contemporary way to live out society induces in other words new types of embodied organizational knowledge and ways of organizing, which have consequences for how subject positions are (re)configured in everyday corporate lives. Such identity work is rarely studied in local discursive practices of today’s modern and emergent corporations. The aspiration in present article is precisely to scrutinize local practices in a dialogue based leadership development forumin university settings. This provides insights into the lived lives and identity work in Aalborg University representing a temporary, polyphonic and cross-disciplinary research project in a modern corporation. The project was an example of a loose-coupled and temporary arrangement/organization that invited a diverse group of participants to engage in the co-production of knowledge in/on leadership communicative practices. The participants involved professional leaders from diverse organizations in the North of Jutland together with researchers and candidate students from the study programs of communication and philosophy at Aalborg University.

  12. Quantum Organizational World-Making through Material Emobided Storytelling Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svane, Marita

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the social construction approach to strategy, organization, culture, management and learning has increasingly been criticized for ignoring the active role of the materiality of the social world (Barad 2007, Ingold 2012, Nicolini 2012, Taguchi 2009). Thus in the aftermath of the lin-guistic, discursive, and narrative turn, the quantum, material turn has emerged as one of the most recent research approaches to the study of organizational life. However, the quantum approach to organizational studies still needs scholarly discussions of the active agential role of body and of materiality in world-making phenomena. In this article, organizational development and change are viewed as world-making phenomena that emerge from material, embodied, storytelling practices and are dissipated in the organization through the living story web in fractal, rhizomatic organizing processes. Diffractively reading pri-marily Boje, Barad, Ingold, Heidegger, Bakhtin, and Deleuze and Guattari through each other, a quantum storytelling framework is proposed for better understanding organizing processes towards the future. Special attention is paid to the prospective, sense-shaping role of agential rhizomatic antenarratives in these processes (Boje 2011b, Boje 2014a). The practical contribution of the article is to heighten the awareness of practitioners towards the tensed interplay between centripetal, narrative stories of organized practices “in place”, the dynam-ics of living stories of lifeworlds “in movement”, and the sense-shaping, organizing antenarratives of an “unsettling” world in its becoming. The theoretical contribution is to further enrich our con-ceptual understanding of the entanglement between lifeworld living stories and agential materiality in world-making phenomena, as we move from inter-action to intra-action (Barad 2007, Barad 2003). The implication is to view organizational development and change from within-the-phenomena.

  13. Character as the Aim of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, David Light

    2011-01-01

    The aim of education should be developing intellectual character, moral character, civic character, and performance character. That does not mean that schools should ignore teaching content, but that the dispositions and habits of mind that come from developing these four forms of character will remain with students throughout their lives.…

  14. Meshing the Personal with the Professional: Digital Storytelling in Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Mary F. Wright; Karen Ryan

    2010-01-01

    This paper chronicles a yearlong journey of learning about digital storytelling and leading the creation of five digital stories within a higher education community. We bring two complementary perspectives to guide this inquiry: as a faculty member in teacher education and as the University of Wisconsin system representative for the Learning Technology Development Council as well as director of our educational technology center. Our passion for the arts, aesthetics and education bring us to e...

  15. Mediatization or mediation? Alternative understandings of the emergent space of digital storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Couldry, Nick

    2008-01-01

    This article reviews the social potential of digital storytelling, and in particular its potential to contribute to the strengthening of democracy. Through answering this question, it seeks to test out the relative strengths and weaknesses of two competing concepts for grasping the wider consequences of media for the social world: the concept of mediatization and the concept of mediation. It is argued that mediatization (developed, for example, by Stig Hjarvard and Winfried Schulz) is stronge...

  16. Aporia – Exploring Continuation Desire in a Game focused on Environmental Storytelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bevensee, S.H.; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a reflective description of the development and the evaluation of the experimental game ‘Aporia’. The project demonstrates an exploration of interactive environmental storytelling and an evaluation of engagement as measured by continuation desire in a non-violent first-person computer game. The test method involves the interruption of the player during gameplay at specific points and assessing their desire to continue. The objective of the interactive experience in the game is to convey a pre-written story through environmental storytelling by the use of pictorial cues in an immersive, atmospheric and aesthetic environment. The findings suggest that Aporia appears as a non-linear emergent narrative experience with a high level of engagement facilitating a desire to continue playing the game.

  17. Bruno Braunerde und die Bodentypen - The German-speaking friends of the Scottish soil characters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Anett

    2014-05-01

    Cartoon figures of soil profiles with faces, legs, arms and funny names: the Scottish soil characters Rusty (Cambisol), Heather (Podzol), Pete (Histosol) and five others were developed at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen for outreach activities. They represent eight soil types that are common in Scotland. Recently they have become movie stars in an animated film, where they speak with a Scottish accent. The Scottish soil characters are a true soil science communication success story and it would be great if they had friends in many places to tell some stories from the underground in the respective native languages. This contribution will introduce the draft for 13 German-speaking soil characters that represent the most common soil types in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Each name is a play on words with respect to German soil classification terms and serves as a mnemonic for typical characteristics of these soils. The 'hair' shows detailed vegetation and the context with common land use. For non-soil scientists the soil characters can be used as story-tellers, e.g. about their life (soil evolution), home (spatial distribution), job (function), fears (threats) and joys (best-practice land use, restoration). Because the International Year of Soil (2015) is an excellent opportunity for new outreach activities, the aim is to publish the German-speaking soil characters as a collaboration of the Austrian, German and Swiss Soil Science Societies. The soil characters could be used in print or online formats, and even - as can be seen in Aberdeen - as human-sized walking soil profiles.

  18. Irradiation effect on growth development and offsprings character of millet in the stratosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A significant influence on vegetative growth and character variation in offsprings of millet by irradiation in the stratosphere were investigated. The experimental results showed that germinating viability increased by 21.1%, plant height reduced 6.8 cm compared with control. The dynamics growth pattern of leaf length was a double-peak curve. The difference in length and width of leaves between control and treatment was shown as a sine-linear curve. Spike weight, spike length and flay leaf size were obviously higher than those of control. Various mutants with recessive traits in SP2 were found. The strains with larger spike were stable in SP3. Significant variations in spike length, spike weight, protein content and fatty acid content were observed

  19. Madness in Shakespeare's Characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Borja-Santos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper begins with an introduction where the aims are explained: a psychopathological analysis of a Shakespearean character - Othello – followed by the discussion of the English dramatist’s importance in helping us understand madness in the emergent world of Renaissance. The main characteristics of Othello’s personality, which allowed the development of his jealousy delusion, are described. Finally, the conclusions underline the overlap of the symptoms developed by the character with the DSM-IV classification.

  20. Character education in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Joa?o A.; Oliveira, Ce?lia; Reed, Lauren; Gable, Robert A.

    2013-01-01

    Around the world, children who can exercise their right to attend school spend a significant part of their lives within the education environment. Therefore, schools have a great deal of influence on children’s development beyond the academic realm. Given this accessibility to children, schools have opportunities to help children develop positive character traits. Each community must determine what role schools will play in providing character education and what cont...

  1. Designing attractive gamification features for collaborative storytelling websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Shang Hwa; Chang, Jen-Wei; Lee, Chun-Chia

    2013-06-01

    Gamification design is considered as the predictor of collaborative storytelling websites' success. Although aforementioned studies have mentioned a broad range of factors that may influence gamification, they neither depicted the actual design features nor relative attractiveness among them. This study aims to identify attractive gamification features for collaborative storytelling websites. We first constructed a hierarchical system structure of gamification design of collaborative storytelling websites and conducted a focus group interview with eighteen frequent users to identify 35gamification features. After that, this study determined the relative attractiveness of these gamification features by administrating an online survey to 6333 collaborative storytelling websites users. The results indicated that the top 10 most attractive gamification features could account for more than 50% of attractiveness among these 35 gamification features. The feature of unpredictable time pressure is important to website users, yet not revealed in previous relevant studies. Implications of the findings were discussed. PMID:23438264

  2. Digitales Storytelling Eine Einführung in neue Formen des Qualitätsjournalismus

    CERN Document Server

    Sturm, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Das Buch gibt einen Einblick in die neuen Erzählweisen des digitalen Journalismus. Es untersucht die Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die Medienbranche und den mit ihr verbundenen Wandel journalistischer Darstellungsformen. Dabei geht es auch um die Möglichkeiten des journalistischen Storytellings auf mobilen Endgeräten wie Tablet-Computern. Es wird eine neuartige Typologie von Darstellungsformen entwickelt, die u¨ber die klassischen Text-, Audio- und Fernsehformate hinaus digitales Storytelling ermöglicht.

  3. Is Entrepreneurship for You? Effects of Storytelling on Entrepreneurial Intention

    OpenAIRE

    Amel Hamrouni Dakoumi; Yosra Abdelwahed

    2014-01-01

    Storytelling is an important means of communication for young people which allows them to be future leadersand also provides them a vision and new ideas. The purpose of this study is to determine how storytelling caninfluence the individual’s intention, based on Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior. This research has been basedon a sample of engineering students. A total of 251 completed questionnaires have been used for the dataanalysis. The research model has been tested with structural e...

  4. Storytelling : A Study of Marketing Communication in the Hospitality Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ågren, Maria; Ölund, Martina

    2007-01-01

    There is an information surplus in the marketplace today and finding marketing resources that are both effective and affordable is difficult. As quantity and price has lost its competitive power and quality and symbolic meaning has become increasingly important, storytelling as a marketing mean can be one concept to apply, especially in the service sector. The hospitality industry is one of the largest service sectors, facing fierce competition. Many hotels have a story to share and storytell...

  5. Storytelling through animation: Oxford Sparks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyle, D. M.; Cook, A.

    2013-12-01

    Oxford Sparks is a portal that launched in 2012, with the aim of bringing together resources that have been created across the University of Oxford and elsewhere for the purpose of wider engagement with science. To bring attention to this site, Oxford Sparks developed a set of high-quality short animations, each designed to tell a story relating to a current area of science. These animations have been launched on YouTube, and will shortly be available on iTunesU, and have covered broad areas of science from subduction zones (';Underwater Volcano Disaster'), through the early history of the solar system (';Rogue Planet') to the workings of the Large Hadron Collider (';A quick look around the LHC'). The animations have each been developed in close collaboration with researchers, created by a team with experience of education, engagement and outreach. The two minute scripts are intended to be both widely accessible and viewable as ';stand alone' stories. To this end, the scripts are humorous; while the animations are delightfully quirky, and created by professional animator with a degree-level science background. The animations are also intended to be used as ';lesson starters' in school, and educational activities graded for different age groups are being developed in parallel with the animations. They have been used, successfully, on pre-university summer schools, and in university classes. We are gathering both quantitative (analytics) and qualitative (school teacher and student focus group) feedback to monitor the success of the project, and to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the approach. In the first year since launch, Oxford Sparks animations were viewed over 80,000 times on YouTube, in part due to the surge of interest in the Large Hadron Collider animation after the discovery of the Higgs Boson.

  6. Digital storytelling and community branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tove Arendt; Kofoed, Peter

    Based on experiences from a research and development project on user-generated audiovisual content and broadband, our paper will present and discuss a number of videos created by two very different groups of users - young people aged approx. 15 years and a group of people of 60 - 75 years old. The aim of the user involvement project was to investigate the newest trends of user-generated content on sites such as YouTube and BBC Video Nation and test possibilities of local or regional user involvement in creating a platform for local, audiovisual user-generated content.

  7. Direct and Mediated Effects of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program on Adolescent Substance Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendra M. Lewis

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Mitigating and preventing substance use among adolescents requires approaches that address the multitude of factors that influence this behavior. Such approaches must be tested, not only for evidence of empirical effectiveness, but also to determine the mechanisms by which they are successful. The aims of the present study were twofold: 1 To determine the effectiveness of a school-based social-emotional and character development (SECD program, Positive Action (PA, in reducing substance use (SU among a sample of U.S. youth living in a low-income, urban environment, and 2 to test one mechanism by which the program achieves its success. We used longitudinal mediation analysis to test the hypotheses that: 1 students attending PA intervention schools engage in significantly less SU than students attending control schools, 2 students attending PA intervention schools show significantly better change in SECD than students attending control schools, and 3 the effect of the PA intervention on SU is mediated by the change in SECD. Analyses revealed program effects on both SECD and SU, a relationship between SECD and SU, and the effects of PA on SU were completely mediated by changes in SECD. Future research directions and implications for school-based social-emotional and character development efforts and substance use prevention are addressed.

  8. Altered permeability and modulatory character of connexin channels during mammary gland development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Darren; Stein, Torsten; Davies, Claire; Morris, Joanna; Harris, Andrew L; Evans, W Howard; Monaghan, Paul; Gusterson, Barry

    2004-08-15

    Abrupt developmental changes occur in structural form and function of connexin (Cx) channels in the mouse mammary gland. Microarray study shows that the principal connexin isoform in epithelial cells during pregnancy is Cx26, up-regulated and persisting from the virgin. After parturition, there is rapid induction of Cx32. In epithelial plasma membranes, size exclusion chromatography reveals that Cx32 organizes initially with Cx26 as heteromeric (Cx26-Cx32) hemichannels and later in heteromeric and homomeric Cx32 channels. Dramatic alterations of connexin channel function following these developmental changes in channel composition are characterized using native channels reconstituted into liposomes. Changes to channel stoichiometry increase the allowable physical size limits of permeant after parturition; the new Cx32 channels are wider than channels containing Cx26. Most remarkably, heteromeric Cx26-Cx32 channels are selectively permeability to adenosine 3',5' cyclic phosphate (cAMP), guanosine 3',5' cyclic phosphate (cGMP), and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)), whereas homomeric channels are not. Homomeric Cx26 and heteromeric channels with high Cx26/Cx32 stoichiometry are also inhibited by taurine, an osmolyte playing a key role in milk protein synthesis. Taurine effect is reduced where heteromeric channels contain Cx32 > Cx26 and eliminated when channels contain only Cx32. Connexin channel stoichiometry, permeability, and chemical gating character change in precisely the desired fashion after parturition to maximize molecular and electrical coupling to support coordinated milk secretion. PMID:15265710

  9. Character & Cane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartorius, Tara Cady

    2009-01-01

    They say first impressions can be deceiving. The difficulty of getting to know someone increases when that person is mostly fictional. Whatever the author writes is all readers can know. Whatever they read about the character is all they have to go on. Now take it another step back, and imagine a portrait drawing, painting or print of that…

  10. Tent-Poles of the Blockbuster : How Transmedia Storytelling can Spin off a Mainstream Blockbuster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter; Jensen, Thessa

    In 2005 the first book in the ‘Twilight’ series by Stephanie Meyer was released. The series consists of four books, the last one ‘Breaking Dawn’ published in 2008. The series were developed into four movies, the last one released in late 2012. In 2011 E. L. James published her trilogy ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, a spin-of the Twilight series and originally written as a fanfiction story on fanfiction.net. Both stories became so-called blockbusters, the latter even more successful than the original story (fastest selling novel ever as of 2012). While Meyer’s story tells the love story of Bella, a human, and Edward, a vampire, James’ story is about Ana, a newly graduated college student, and Christian Grey, a millionaire. Meyer’s story evolves around the problematic relationship between a human and a vampire, while the fulcrum of James’ story is the developing BDSM relationship between the two main characters, creating the notion of housewife porn. In the article the authors take a look into how transmedia storytelling, in the form of fanfiction, inspired by a blockbuster, Twilight, becomes the basis of another blockbuster, Fifty Shades of Grey. The hypothesis of the article being transmedia in the form of social media and the tightly knit communities of fanfiction writers and commenters are able to become co-creators and thus stakeholders of a given story, telling and retelling it, and thus creating a larger audience and attention through the use of media like tumblr, twitter, facebook, and the like, and in the process expanding the possible tie-ins and spin-offs from the original story’s tentpole. The article will explain the intricacies of fanfiction and the special target group, women, as well as the impact of social media on changing customers into co-creators and stakeholders, leaving the original producer with a limited power as to what is distributed on the Internet, giving the co-creator the possibility to use bridges and tie-ins from the original source to develop their own blockbuster. Other perspectives on the above will be provided by delving into the terms of ‘suspension of disbelief’, ‘world-building’, and ‘subcreation’, as well as the ethical aspects of co-creating – both with respect to the original work as opposed to fanfiction, as well as the co-creational aspects in beta’ing and commenting on work in progress in a fanfiction community.

  11. The Language of Revolution and the Power of Storytelling in The Pregnant Widow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alaa Alghamdi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Martin Amis uses the language of revolution to describe the newly altered social circumstances at the height of the sexual revolution in his semi-autobiographical novel The Pregnant Widow. The concept of a ‘language of revolution’ as well as second- and third-wave feminist scholarship is applied to a textual analysis of the novel. Amis’s brand of satire creates a sense of displacement and challenges existing perceptions about gender, culture and sexuality, exposing them as constructed and changeable norms. Moreover, it becomes clear that the author is skeptical about the benefits of the sexual revolution for either gender, and that he views its liberating aspects as unfulfilled, particularly for women. Given that Amis names one of his characters Scheherazade, evoking the legendary heroine of The Arabian Nights, the importance of storytelling in the novel is also examined and found to be a potentially redeeming force.Keywords: Martin Amis, sexual revolution, feminism, satire, gender, revolution

  12. Project Aporia : An Exploration of Narrative Understanding of Environmental Storytelling in an Open World Scenario

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bevensee, S. H; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

    2012-01-01

    The genre of interactive narratives in computer games has been researched extensively in the past. However, it still seems that there is a potential for investigating how a narrative can be conveyed solely through environmental storytelling. This paper reports an experimental study which examines the understanding of a pre-written story which is mediated without the use of characters, dialogue, or words and only through the environment in the prototypical game 'Aporia'. The evaluation of the story construction in Aporia analyses and quantifies written open-ended answers and compares them to the pre-defined elements of the story. The findings indicate that Aporia mediates a narrative potential, which generates emergent narratives among users rather than mediating an embedded and evoked narrative. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  13. Building Character through Literacy with Children's Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almerico, Gina M.

    2014-01-01

    Character education is described as curriculum specifically developed to teach children about the quality and traits of good character. One means in which children can learn about good character is through the pages of high quality children's literature. In this study, the author defines the characteristics of an effective character development…

  14. Our Purposes: Personal Reflections on Character Development and Social Responsibility in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chickering, Arthur W.

    2010-01-01

    Recognition of the importance of outcomes related to moral and ethical development, other dimensions of personal development, and civic engagement is a result of decades of educational reform. But have colleges and universities succeeded in helping students achieve these outcomes? In this article, the author shares his personal reflections on…

  15. Character Varieties

    OpenAIRE

    Sikora, Adam S.

    2009-01-01

    We study properties of irreducible and completely reducible representations of finitely generated groups Gamma into reductive algebraic groups G in in the context of the geometric invariant theory of the G-action on Hom(Gamma,G) by conjugation. In particular, we study properties of character varieties, X_G(Gamma)=Hom(Gamma,G)//G. We describe the tangent spaces to X_G(Gamma) in terms of first cohomology groups of Gamma with twisted coefficients, generalizing the well kno...

  16. Remembering Who We Are : Memories of Identity through Storytelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Humle, Didde Maria

    2014-01-01

    This article contributes to the on-going debate among scholars of organizational identity on collective and polyphonic identity formation processes. The article explores the interplay between individual and organizational storytelling by conceptualizing organizational identity construction processes as a web of storytelling practices, a memory system evoking a sense of coherence and nostalgia among organizational members. By drawing on the results of a narrative and ethnographic case study of a consultancy, the article aims to unfold the web of stories and storytelling practices in a single case organization. The analysis explores how members of this organization, through their everyday storytelling practices, created shared understandings of being members of a fantastic company while simultaneously telling critical counterstories. The analysis shows how organizational members learned to shape not only their stories of success but also their counterstories in ways that made them harmonize with the storytelling traditions of the organization. Furthermore, the concept of personal polyphony is suggested to describe how everyday work stories are antenarrative in the sense that the construction of self, work and the organization is never finished; it is an ongoing process of negotiating and handling many potential and sometimes contradictory storylines simultaneously.

  17. Interactive Narrator in Ludic Space : A Dynamic Story Plot underneath the Framework of MMORPGs Storytelling System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nobaew, Banphot; Ryberg, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    For decades, the development of digital interactive storytelling in games has been of interest to many researchers. Some scholars have studied the expert system which dynamically creates plots for players, while other scholars investigate the story structure. However, the latter mostly focuses on the micro story level of storytelling structure (Begin-Middle-End). This paper describes the framework for a games writer in MMORPGs as a non-linear narrative, in which a gameplayer takes the role of a digital story writer in a magic cycle. It proposes an extended storytelling framework to a games writer. The framework is developed based on 3 prior theoretical notions: the Story structure, Dramatic structure (Freytag's Pyramid), and Hero’s Journey model (Campbell). The story structure is founded by Aristotle in his Poetics (c. 335 BC), but is now considered the basis of digital narrative. Hero’s Journey model is the basic of three structure story proposed by Cambel. Developing the framework, the study investigated forty Quests (quest stories) from players during gameplay in World of Warcraft, and employed the plot analysis to deconstruct game storylines. This framework is deeply focusing on the plot point of game-story and develops further to the multi-plot point structure. To analyze the gameplay data in this study, the emotional experience and learning content are considered for the plot investigation. This study is sets out to examine the assumption that, when players play games in a semiotic domain of visual grammar, they simultaneously interpret meaning and produce the storyline per se. The result shows that (1) gameplayers create distinctive story plots which are shown by the story graphs in a freedom of Ludic space, (2) each quest has the different of story plot patterns; although, it has likewise a storyline pattern. To summarize, from the results, the paper proposes the multi-plot point framework which creates the concept of the game story movement for applying in game-story design for learning purposes.

  18. The character of abnormalities found in eye development of quail embruos exposed under space flight conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoryan, E.; Dadheva, O.; Polinskaya, V.; Guryeva, T.

    The avian embryonic eye is used as a model system for studies on the environmental effects on central nervous system development. Here we present results of qualitative investigation of the eye development in quail embryos incubated in micro-"g" environment. In this study we used eyes of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) embryos "flown" onboard biosatellite Kosmos-1129 and on Mir station within the framework of Mir-NASA Program. Eyes obtained from embryos ranging in age from 3-12 days (E3-E12) were prepared histologically and compared with those of the synchronous and laboratory gound controls. Ther most careful consideration was given to finding and analysis of eye developmental abnormalities. Then they were compared with those already described by experimental teratology for birds and mammals. At the stage of the "eye cup" (E3) we found the case of invalid formation of the inner retina. The latter was represented by disorganized neuroblasts occupying whole posterior chamber of the eye. On the 7th day of quail eye development, at the period of cellular growth activation some cases of small eyes with many folds of overgrowing neural and pigmented retinal layers were detected. In retinal folds of these eyes the normal layering was disturbed as well as the formation of aqueous body and pecten oculi. At this time point the changes were also found in the anterior part of the eye. The peculiarities came out of the bigger width of the cornea and separation of its layers, but were found in synchronous control as well. Few embryos of E10 had also eyes with the abnormities described for E7 but this time they were more vivid because of the completion of eye tissue differentiation. At the stage E12 we found the case evaluated as microphthalmia attending by overgrowth of anterior pigmented tissues - iris and ciliary body attached with the cornea. Most, but not all, of abnormalities we found in eye morphogeneses belonged to the birds "flown" aboard Kosmos- 1129 and were likely induced by specific conditions of that flight. All sorts of disturbances we observed in eye development were similar with dom inated types found in birds and mammals on ground and could be induced by factors we intend to discuss in our report.

  19. Development of Plant Mutant Resources with an useful characters by Radiation Fusion Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mutation breeding is to use physical or chemical mutagens to induce mutagenesis, followed by individual selections with favorable traits. The mutation breeding has many advantages over other breeding methods, which include the usefulness for improving one or two inferior characteristics, applications to broad species with different reproductive systems or to diverse plant materials, native or plant introduction with narrow genetic background, time and cost-effectiveness, and valuable mutant resources for genomics researches. Recent applications of the radiation breeding techniques to developments of flowering plants or food crops with improved functional constituents heightened the public's interests in agriculture and in our genetic resources and seed industries. The goals of this project, therefore, include achieving advances in domestic seed industries and agricultural productivities by developing and using new radiation mutants with favored traits, protecting an intellectual property right of domestic seeds or germplasms, and sharing the valuable mutants and mutated gene information for the genomics and biotech researches that eventually leads to economic benefits

  20. Lights, Camera, Action: Interviewing a Book Character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Kristina

    After reading a novel as a group, students prepare a television talk show that uses the characters from the story as the characters on the show. Students develop interview-style questions and answers for a character in the novel, and then act out the interview in class. During ten to eleven 45-minute lessons, students will: examine a character…

  1. Digital Storytelling as a Gateway to Computer Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Csizmar Dalal

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Computer science departments continually look for ways to make computer science more relevant to a wider population of students, to attract more students to the major and combat declining enrollments. This article describes the initial offering of a digital storytelling course within a computer science department at a small liberal arts college. The course was offered as a freshman seminar during the fall of 2006 to a group of thirteen students of widely varying technical backgrounds. Students explored elements of effective storytelling within the context of several genres: text, images, video, and computer programming. We discuss how the course utilized elements of storytelling to introduce key computer science concepts and to foster critical thinking. We dissect what activities worked especially well and how the instructor plans on evolving the course in the future, as well as the benefits and limitations to offering such a course within the context of a freshman seminar.

  2. The Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling in the College Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Raimist

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In the fall of 2008, Rachel Raimist and Walter Jacobs collaborativelydesigned and taught the course “Digital Storytelling in and withCommunities of Color” to 18 undergraduate students from a variety ofdisciplines. Candance Doerr-Stevens audited the class as a graduate student.This article examines the media making processes of the students in thecourse, asking how participants used digital storytelling to engage withthemselves and the media through content creation that both mimicked andcritiqued current media messages. In particular, students used the medium ofdigital storytelling to build and revise identities for purposes of rememory,reinvention, and cultural remixing. We provide a detailed online account ofthe digital stories and composing processes of the students through the samemultimedia genre that the students were asked to use, that of digitalstorytelling.

  3. Geohazards storytelling between reality and representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musacchio, Gemma; Candela, Andrea; Canel, Samanta; Roi, Cinzia

    2015-04-01

    Ethics towards geohazards might start at early age and it might radicate on narratives occuring in the media, as disfuctional ideas and perception are passed from school or society to children. In this paper we study the representations and imaginaries of natural hazards as they are in the media and how they are passed on chidren and laypeople. The investigation is led on an experimental basis on primary schools in Northern Italy (Varese province), where data concerning school education are collected. The approach is that of the storytelling that allow evaluation of children perception of hazard and risk. Narratives (news, rhetorics, images and pictures, symbols, metaphores and interpretations) that mass media and education generally used in order to explain and represent geohazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, hydrogeological instability, climate change and so on) are also analysed. They are responsible for certain individual and collective perceptions, indeed. The research has attempted to analyze how imaginaries and common "wrong" ideas can influence environmental education and public communication of natural hazards. A better understanding of feelings (fears and hopes), and all cultural behaviours included in the social construction of collective narratives and representations of environmental emergencies could be useful in order to re-orient education and communication strategies on the basis of more targeted and participatory approaches.

  4. Evaluating a Personal Learning Environment for Digital Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos Marianos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The evaluation of flexible and personal learning environments is extremely challenging. It should not be limited to the assessment of products, but should address the quality of educative experience with close monitoring. The evaluation of a PLE using digital storytelling is even more complicated, due to the unpredictability of the usage scenarios. This paper presents an evaluation methodology for PLEs using digital storytelling, using a participatory design approach. The results from an open validation trial indicate that this methodology is able to incorporate all necessary factors and that the selected evaluation tools are appropriate for addressing the quality of educative experience.

  5. From Tabletop RPG to Interactive Storytelling: Definition of a Story Manager for Videogames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delmas, Guylain; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

    Adding narrative in computer game is complicated because it may restrict player interactivity. Our aim is to design a controller that dynamically built a plot, through the game execution, centred on player's actions. Tabletop Role-playing games manage to deal with this goal. This paper presents a study of role-playing games, their organization, and the models commonly used for narrative generation. It then deduces a proposition of components and data structures for interactive storytelling in videogames. A prototype of a social game has been developed as example.

  6. The value of storytelling in the science classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isabelle, Aaron David

    The "traditional science classroom" asks students, "What do we know in science?," and ignores the question, "How do we know what we know?" The purpose of this research is to combine the powerful structure of narrative with the history of science in junior high school science classrooms. This study investigates whether history-of-science-based stories have advantages over traditional, lecture-style presentations. The storytelling approach aims to present science concepts in a meaningful and memorable context and in a coherent and connected manner. The research program employed parallel curricula: science concepts were taught through novel stories and through lectures, at different times, to eight different groups of seventh and eighth grade students at Holy Name Junior High School in Worcester, Massachusetts. Students were assessed with pre- and post-tests and through individual interviews: Before, immediately after, and two weeks after the lessons, students were given short-answer questionnaires. Two weeks after each lesson, individual interviews were also conducted with a sampling of the students. The questionnaires were coded according to a clear set of written standards and the interviews were transformed into concept maps. Student learning and retention levels, gender differences, and alternate conceptions were quantitatively analyzed. The results reveal that the students who were taught through stories learned the science concepts, on the average, 21% better and retained close to 48% more than the students who were taught through traditional lessons. Fewer alternate conceptions were expressed after story lessons than after lectures. Investigation of gender differences in learning science through the two methods revealed that boys profited more than girls did from the story lessons. The union of narrative with the history of science in the form of story lessons seems natural since the spatiotemporal structure of a narrative mirrors the unfolding of actions in the history of science. This combination proved to be an effective science teaching method with these junior high students. In general, the story lessons helped the students better understand and retain the science concept than the traditional lessons did. The reason for the girls' smaller story gains are not clear, but may include a lack of female characters in the stories used. The over-all results are quite convincing in the sample of students studied and suggest a more generalized applicability. This line of research is well worth pursuing further.

  7. Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development

    OpenAIRE

    Hung-Chung Lee; Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu

    2013-01-01

    The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects ...

  8. STORYTELLING AS A COMMUNICATIVE ACT / LA NARRACIÓN ORAL COMO ACTO DE COMUNICACIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Nela Barba Téllez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The material presented discloses a topic of great value and current importance in the context of Pedagogy and Educative Psychology: the storytelling for children. It is intended for those teachers, who before the imminence and fast pace of daily life, are aware of the value of the communication, participation and conversation as resources that enhance the imagination. The purpose of this material is to stimulate the reflection and creativity of teachers to enable the development of storytelling skill in groups of boys and girls, based on the communicative approach, through which is acknowledged that in the storytelling, as a communicative act, the communicative elements that are involved in communication are present. They are essentially a code, a message, a channel, a transmitter, a receiver and the communicative situation. RESUMEN: El material que se presenta se adentra en un tema de gran valor y actualidad en el contexto actual de la Pedagogía y la Psicología Educativa: la narración (oral para/con niñas y niños. Va dirigido a aquellos maestros que ante la inmediatez y el ritmo acelerado de la vida cotidiana, toman conciencia del valor de la comunicación, la participación y el diálogo, como recursos que potencian la dinámica de la narración oral. La intención es despertar la reflexividad y la creatividad de los maestros para favorecer el desarrollo de la narración en grupos de niñas y niños, desde la óptica del enfoque comunicativo, donde se reconoce que en la narración oral como acto de comunicación están presentes los elementos que intervienen en el acto comunicativo. Estos son esencialmente un código, un mensaje, un canal; un emisor, un interlocutor y la situación comunicativa.

  9. Using narratives and storytelling to communicate science with nonexpert audiences

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlstrom, Michael F.

    2014-01-01

    Although storytelling often has negative connotations within science, narrative formats of communication should not be disregarded when communicating science to nonexpert audiences. Narratives offer increased comprehension, interest, and engagement. Nonexperts get most of their science information from mass media content, which is itself already biased toward narrative formats. Narratives are also intrinsically persuasive, which offers science communicators tactics for persuading otherwise re...

  10. Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob Gill

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty and strengthen the organisation’s brand and reputation.
    Literature reviewed in this paper demonstrates employees who are more engaged with, and have a deep trust for, their employer are more likely to feel buoyant about their work and conduct themselves in a constructive manner, which may translate into stronger internal and external reputation. The use of corporate stories as an internal PR communication strategy can strengthen the likelihood of employees becoming reputation champions for their organisation.

    Key words: Corporate storytelling; Employer engagement; Employer-emeployee relationships; Internal
    communication

  11. Character Education: Christian Education Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, Gretchen M.; Firmin, Michael W.

    2008-01-01

    Character is defined broadly by leading authorities, including concepts such as practicing apt behavior and teaching right from wrong. Virtue and moral undertones tend to pervade most experts' use of character, although in secular settings, the notion of ethics is more prominent. Overall, developing in students a desire for the good is how most…

  12. A Comprehensive Approach in Developing "akhlaq": A Case Study on the Implementation of Character Education at Pondok Pesantren Darunnajah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izfanna, Duna; Hisyam, Nik Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe how a unique Islamic education system, named Pondok Pesantren, implemented and contributed substantially to the character education of its students. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 12 teachers and 24 students of Pondok Pesantren Darunnajah, Indonesia were interviewed, participated in focus…

  13. A phenomenological evaluation: using storytelling as a primary teaching method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Michele R

    2004-09-01

    This phenomenological study examines the experiences of students who had been enrolled in an undergraduate women's health issues course where storytelling served as one of the primary teaching and learning tools. Using hermeneutic phenomenology, the investigator explored the perceptions of participants at the conclusion of the course. A purposive sample of 10 students made up the focus group. Themes were explicated and analyzed from interviews until data saturation was reached. Content analysis from focus groups revealed three themes: personalizing learning, participatory learning, and group trust/safe environment. Storytelling provided students with an opportunity to become more actively involved, provided a forum to relate real life examples to concrete didactic data, served as a trigger for information recollection, and made material seem more realistic. The increased discussion and interaction within the classroom setting enabled students to probe alternative views and perspectives in the class room. The use of more diverse teaching tools can enhance the students' experiences in the classroom setting. PMID:19038156

  14. IYA2009USA: Cultural Astronomy and Storytelling Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holbrook, Jarita; IYA2009

    2009-01-01

    Cultural astronomy focuses on human's relationship with the sky using the disciplinary tools of anthropology, archeology, folklore, history, and folklore - not all at the same time. The USA is one of the few nations that include cultural astronomy and storytelling under its International Year of Astronomy 2009 (IYA2009) activities. The working group focuses on indigenous sky knowledge; celestial stories, activities to explore the links between astronomy and culture; and on astronomers: their achievements and their academic culture. This presentation is an overview of the IYA2009USA Cultural Astronomy and Storytelling working group. Included will be our website, our goals, our projects, our outreach and dissemination strategies, and how we uniquely contribute to IYA2009.

  15. Innovating a business model for services with storytelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Morten

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, the notion of business models has been able to innovate the way companies create new business opportunities. However, because business models most often constitute on a complex interplay of several actors, there is a need to be able to explore the nature of a business model. This paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling and archetypes, and lead to the conclusion that they represent a valuable ap- proach to understanding and innovating business models.

  16. HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY FOR YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENT CHARACTERS OF NEWLY DEVELOPED CASTOR (RICINUS COMMUNIS L.) HYBRID

    OpenAIRE

    M. Ramesh; Lavanya, C; M SUJATHA; A SIVASANKAR; J ARUNA KUMARI; H P MEENA

    2013-01-01

    The estimates of the components of genetic variation were worked out by Kempthorne method from a Line x Tester analysis in castor for fourteen plant type related traits. The analysis for combining ability revealed significant mean sum of squares of both general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for all the characters which indicated the presence of both additive and non-additive gene actions. The ratio of GCA variance and SCA variance ratio revealed the ...

  17. Storytelling in Jazz Improvisation: Implications of a Rich Intermedial Metaphor

    OpenAIRE

    Bjerstedt, Sven

    2014-01-01

    The phenomenon of intermedial conceptual loans is central to our understanding of the time-based arts. This thesis focuses on the usage of the term storytelling with regard to jazz improvisation. The aim of the investigation is to clarify how this concept is used by Swedish jazz practitioners. The framework of the study includes theories of narrativity and of metaphor as well as educational and sociological perspectives. The study aims at an exploration of a multivariety of perspectiv...

  18. A Methodology to Validate Interactive Storytelling Scenarios in Linear Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Dang, Kim Dung; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

    2012-01-01

    Debugging is one of the main requirements for Interactive Storytelling (IS) authoring tools. During the authoring phase, authors have to specify large numbers of rules and actions as well as consider many possible paths. As a consequence, flaws may happen and finding them "by hand" is complex. Therefore the validation of an IS becomes a crucial issue and automatic assistance in this process is needful. Originated from those requirements, we propose, within the framework of this paper, a metho...

  19. Strategy Formation In The Family Business : The Role Of Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Brundin, Ethel; Kjellander, Björn

    2010-01-01

    This paper takes an interest in the past, as depicted by family business owners, and how it is reflected in the governance of the firm. The purpose of this paper is to explore how family business owners express and perceive their family business story and the implications for the strategy formation of the firm. Through the storytelling from 20 cases, we conclude that they embrace their past through different degrees of adoption and their promotion or prevention focus. We construct four typolo...

  20. Character sums to smooth moduli are small

    OpenAIRE

    Goldmakher, Leo

    2007-01-01

    Recently, Granville and Soundararajan have made fundamental breakthroughs in the study of character sums. Building on their work and using estimates on short character sums developed by Graham-Ringrose and Iwaniec, we improve the Polya-Vinogradov inequality for characters with smooth conductor.

  1. Enhancing Student Engagement with Their Studies: A Digital Storytelling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunice Ivala

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Higher education institutions in South Africa are faced with low throughput rates, and the need to enhance students’ interest in their studies is a key objective for higher education institutions. Student engagement is one of the factors shown empirically to enhance student success at higher education institutions. The paper reports on the potential of digital storytelling in enhancing student engagement with their studies, amongst 29 final year pre-service student teachers at a large University of Technology in South Africa, as part of their assessment in their final year professional course. The reason for doing this research was due to the limited adoption of digital storytelling in conventional educational settings globally and the fact that little research has been done internationally and particularly in South Africa, into how digital storytelling can be a vehicle for expanding learning. The study was framed around the engagement construct involving qualitative methods of collecting data. Focus group interviews were conducted with the students and the facilitators of the project to elicit whether the production of digital stories led to student engagement. Focus group interviews were analyzed using inductive strategy. Results showed that the production of digital stories enhanced student engagement with their studies which led to high levels of reflection on the subject matter, which as a result led to a deep understanding of the subject matter. Findings of this study will contribute knowledge in the field which may be valuable in increasing student engagement with their studies.

  2. Cultural Storytelling as a Motivational Writing Prompt for English Language Learners: A Collaborative Research Endeavor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Carolyn L.; Taylor, Megan E.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study addresses the question "Does the use of storytelling motivate English language learners to engage in literacy practices more, or in a better way, and if so, how?". Storytelling of cultural tales related to fifth grade students' home cultures was introduced to provide a prompt for resultant student discussion and writing. All…

  3. Digital Storytelling in the Middle Childhood Special Education Classroom: A Teacher's Story of Adaptations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Paige; Hodges, Dodi; Banister, Savilla

    2005-01-01

    This article chronicles one special educator's process of implementing adaptive instructional strategies in her middle school language arts classroom. Paige Michalski crafted adaptations for her students with disabilities in the curricular area of digital storytelling (Banaszewski, 2002; Dunn, 2000). Digital storytelling involves telling stories…

  4. More than One Way to Tell a Story: Integrating Storytelling into Your Law Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steslow, Donna M.; Gardner, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    Storytelling has been used in diverse educational settings. It is employed at all educational levels, from elementary schools to graduate schools. Approximately twenty years ago, law school professors began writing about the application of storytelling to various law school subjects as an alternative to the traditional case method. Legal scholars…

  5. Storytelling as a Means of Peacemaking: A Case Study of Christian Education in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haitch, Russell; Miller, Donald

    2006-01-01

    This article explores how storytelling can help create a space for transformational learning. In particular it looks at the role of storytelling in education for peace in Africa. It also touches on related issues, including the role of historic peace churches, the role of women, and the role of faith convictions, in the process of moving from…

  6. The Way of the S/Word: Storytelling as Emerging Liminal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josephs, Caroline

    2008-01-01

    The paper focuses on oral storytelling and transformation through the significance of the liminal zone as thresholding. Involving the reader-listener in an experiential and performative approach, the article draws on all of the senses, using a wide range of data such as dreams, drawing, writing, as well as the act of (sacred) oral storytelling and…

  7. Innovative Technique for Character Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Sumant Raj Chauhan; Punit Soni

    2010-01-01

    Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR) is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. India...

  8. Skin Detection of Animation Characters

    OpenAIRE

    Siddiqui, Kazi Tanvir Ahmed; Wasif, Abu

    2015-01-01

    The increasing popularity of animes makes it vulnerable to unwanted usages like copyright violations and pornography. That is why, we need to develop a method to detect and recognize animation characters. Skin detection is one of the most important steps in this way. Though there are some methods to detect human skin color, but those methods do not work properly for anime characters. Anime skin varies greatly from human skin in color, texture, tone and in different kinds of ...

  9. DIGITAL STORYTELLING: Kizoa, Animoto, and Photo Story 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin YEE

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Educators know that students create better projects when they are personally invested in the material (Brookhart, Bronowicz 2003; McInerney 2008; Braxton 2008. The rewards are particularly significant when students can exercise some degree of creativity in the process of developing their projects (Su 2009. Possibly this is a result of engaging both hemispheres of the brain (Tatar 2009, or otherwise simply a reflection of the human preference to employ creativity in any endeavor, including “work” related ones.One tried-and-true avenue for creative expression is through the use of stories or narratives. Simply including a narrative component may provide enough creative ammunition for students to feel that a particular assignment can be more interesting (Clark 2010, if their work is to be wrapped around a narrative format, such as a short story in favor of an essay or formal writing. But there are numerous free technology tools available today that take the process one step further, by injecting different editing options and high-end production values. Students do not merely assemble a story in words. They can now do it primarily with images, and many of the slideshow services online allow for text captions, dynamic transitions, special effects, and relevant animations. Students become videographers and directors as much as they function as storytellers. The slideshow builders thus do a better job than “old fashioned” essay/short story assignments at meeting the need of 21st century students, many of whom arrive at institutions of higher learning with at least an already-ingrained interest in such tools, if not explicit experience.Kizoa (www.kizoa.com offers a simple menu-driven, Flash-based interface for users to craft slideshows with uploaded images, added text, transitions, animations, special effects, and music selected from their limited online repository or uploaded in mp3 format. Users drag images and any desired effects onto a timeline at the bottom of the screen, in a workflow reminiscent of most software used to edit home movies. The service is free, but much of the content (transitions, effects provided are classified as premium content; to actually use or share a slideshow using that content, the user would need to upgrade to a paid account. If the slideshow was built using only the free content (which is a more limited selection, the slideshow can be shared on Facebook, or a URL can be sent by email. Once on the webpage, a user will also find code for embedding the slideshow into a blog or webpage. The Flash-based product cannot be downloaded; it must be kept current at Kizoa and linked to for the intended audience to view.

  10. Generalized notions of character amenability

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Luo Yi; Wu, Yu Jing; Ji, You Qing

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the concepts of character contractibility, approximate character amenability (contractibility) and uniform approximate character amenability (contractibility) are introduced. We are concerned with the relations among the generalized concepts of character amenability for Banach algebra. We prove that approximate character amenability and approximate character contractibility are the same properties, as are uniform approximate character amenability and character ...

  11. Optical Science: Deploying Technical Concepts and Engaging Participation through Digital Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, R. G.; Berry, K.; Arrigo, J.; Hooper, R. P.

    2013-12-01

    Technical 'hands-on' training workshops are designed to bring together scientists, technicians, and program managers from universities, government agencies, and the private sector to discuss methods used and advances made in instrumentation and data analysis. Through classroom lectures and discussions combined with a field-day component, hands-on workshop participants get a 'full life cycle' perspective from instrumentation concepts and deployment to data analysis. Using film to document this process is becoming increasingly more popular, allowing scientists to add a story-telling component to their research. With the availability of high-quality and low priced professional video equipment and editing software, scientists are becoming digital storytellers. The science video developed from the 'hands-on' workshop, Optical Water Quality Sensors for Nutrients: Concepts, Deployment, and Analysis, encapsulates the objectives of technical training workshops for participants. Through the use of still photography, video, interviews, and sound, the short video, An Introduction to CUAHSI's Hands-on Workshops, produced by a co-instructor of the workshop acts as a multi-purpose tool. The 10-minute piece provides an overview of workshop field day activities and works to bridge the gap between classroom learning, instrumentation application and data analysis. CUAHSI 'hands-on' technical workshops have been collaboratively executed with faculty from several universities and with the U.S. Geological Survey. The video developed was designed to attract new participants to these professional development workshops, to stimulate a connection with the environment, to act as a workshop legacy resource, and also serve as a guide for prospective hands-on workshop organizers. The effective use of film and short videos in marketing scientific programs, such as technical trainings, allows scientists to visually demonstrate the technologies currently being employed and to provide a more intriguing perspective on scientific research.

  12. VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Karthi Keyan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available License plate recognition (LPR plays a major role in this busy world, as the number of vehicles increases day by day, theft of vehicles, breaking traffic rules, entering restricted area are also increases linearly, so to block this act license plate recognition system is designed. License Plate Recognition (LPR systems basically consist of 3 main processing steps such as: Detection of number plate, Segmentation of plate characters and Recognition of each character. Among this, character segmentation is a most challenging task, as the accuracy of the character recognition relies on the accuracy of the character segmentation. Problems of different lighting condition, adhesion, fracture, rivet, rotation degrades the accuracy of the character segmentation. So in order to overcome these problems and uplift the accuracy of character segmentation various algorithms are developed for this work. Purpose of this paper is to categorize the vehicle plate character and recognize the segmented characters.

  13. SKIN DETECTION OF ANIMATION CHARACTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazi Tanvir Ahmed Siddiqui

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The increasing popularity of animes makes it vulnerable to unwanted usages like copyright violations and pornography. That’s why, we need to develop a method to detect and recognize animation characters. Skin detection is one of the most important steps in this way. Though there are some methods to detect human skin color, but those methods do not work properly for anime characters. Anime skin varies greatly from human skin in color, texture, tone and in different kinds of lighting. They also vary greatly among themselves. Moreover, many other things (for example leather, shirt, hair etc., which are not skin, can have color similar to skin. In this paper, we have proposed three methods that can identify an anime character’s skin more successfully as compared with Kovac, Swift, Saleh and Osman methods, which are primarily designed for human skin detection. Our methods are based on RGB values and their comparative relations.

  14. Channeling Identity: A Study of Storytelling in Conversations Between Introverted and Extraverted Friends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, Avril; Korobov, Neill; Morgan, Elizabeth M

    2007-10-01

    This narrative study examined the process of personal storytelling between college-age friends who were similarly introverted or extraverted. Participants were 19 introverted and 20 extraverted same-sex pairs (49 percent female) who had been friends for an average of 18 months. Stories emerged spontaneously during 10-minute catch-up conversations. Extraverted friends more often told stories that changed the topic, and more often co-constructed story plots. Introverted friends more often told stories that were embedded in a developing theme, and constructed story plots solo. With regard to content, extraverted friends told stories about romance more so than introverted friends, whose stories more often concerned family/hometown, and older events. The findings suggest that the traits of extraversion and introversion channel the identity-making process. PMID:19325709

  15. Character Recognition (Devanagari Script

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankita Karia

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Character Recognition is has found major interest in field of research and practical application to analyze and study characters in different languages using image as their input. In this paper the user writes the Devanagari character using mouse as a plotter and then the corresponding character is saved in the form of image. This image is processed using Optical Character Recognition in which location, segmentation, pre-processing of image is done. Later Neural Networks is used to identify all the characters by the further process of OCR i.e. by using feature extraction and post-processing of image. This entire process is done using MATLAB.

  16. HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY FOR YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENT CHARACTERS OF NEWLY DEVELOPED CASTOR (RICINUS COMMUNIS L. HYBRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M RAMESH

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The estimates of the components of genetic variation were worked out by Kempthorne method from a Line x Tester analysis in castor for fourteen plant type related traits. The analysis for combining ability revealed significant mean sum of squares of both general combining ability (GCA and specific combining ability (SCA for all the characters which indicated the presence of both additive and non-additive gene actions. The ratio of GCA variance and SCA variance ratio revealed the predominance of non-additive gene action for all the traits except plant height up to primary spike, no. of nodes up to primary spike, no. of capsules/primary spike and total spike length of secondary. JP-87 was good general combiner for most of the characters including seed yield. The line DCS-106 was also a good general combiner for early flowering, days to maturity and number of capsules on secondary spike. Cross JP-87 × RG-1740/A was a good specific combiner for seed yield per plant and for other yield component. The hybrid DPC-9 × RG-156 with good specific combining ability for days to maturity can be used for yield improvement in castor. In general for yield and other yield attributing traits the promising hybrids with high heterosis were JP-87 × RG-1740/A, JP-87 × DCS-106, DPC-17 × RG-156, DPC-17 × DCS-106 and DPC-17 × DCS-107 were on par with the check. These cross combinations could be utilized for further use in breeding programme for improvement in yield of castor.

  17. 'Shooting at the sun god Apollo': the Apollonian-Dionysian balance of the TimeSlips Storytelling Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Daniel R

    2013-09-01

    In The Birth of Tragedy, Friedrich Nietzsche celebrated the dueling forces of reason and emotion as personified by the ancient Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus. A subtle Apollonian-Dionysian balance can be observed in TimeSlips, a group-based creative storytelling activity developed in the 1990s and increasingly used in dementia care settings worldwide. This article explains how the Apollonion-Dionysian aspects of TimeSlips are beneficial not only for persons with dementia, but also for their carers. Narrative data from medical students at Penn State College of Medicine who participated in TimeSlips at a local retirement community are shared. PMID:23722245

  18. Tent-Poles of the Bestseller : How Cross-media Storytelling can spin off a Mainstream Bestseller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thessa; Vistisen, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This article proposes a framework for understanding and analysing how the passive audience of a media event turns into active stakeholders. The starting point is the cross-media content quadrant (Jensen and Vistisen, 2012), which shows how the producer’s control is distributed on social media platforms, while storytelling evolves around a tent-pole, for example, a bestseller or blockbuster. To further explain how the audience engages, a three-step rhetoric model largely based on Bitzer (1998) and Tolkien (1971) is developed and explained.

  19. Character education: Honesty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learn NC

    2012-04-10

    This lesson will focus on two character education traits - honesty and friendship. During this lesson the students will conduct a character analysis and link prior knowledge to help understand the story.

  20. Characature Character Tour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janice Ianniello via Learn NC

    2012-04-04

    Student will recognize text details used to create a mental "image" of a character and use those details to create a visual caricature of the character which can be recognized by other readers of the same literature.

  1. Reimagining a Writer’s Process Through Digital Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troy Hicks

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Building on Hillocks' (1995 concepts of the declarative and procedural knowledge that writers need in order to craft effective writing, this article explores the writing process of one pre-service teacher as she moved from a personal narrative to an essay to a digital story. The authors argue that digital writers--in addition to needing declarative and procedural knowledge--must also understand knowledge of technology in order to more fully realize the potential of digital storytelling. Implications for teachers and teacher educators are discussed in relation to Mishra and Koehler's (2008 "technological pedagogical content knowledge," or TPACK.

  2. Storytelling and story staging. Co-creating value in tourism.

    OpenAIRE

    Mathisen, Line

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is about tourism firms as co-creators of value in tourist activities. It will explore how tourism firms communicate, particularly by using storytelling, to enhance co-creation of value with tourists. A central perspective used in this thesis is Service Dominant Logic, a logic that posits that service providers can only co-create value with their customer, not for them (Vargo and Lush 2008). Through four articles, this thesis discusses and shows different ways to tell stories to e...

  3. Using narratives and storytelling to communicate science with nonexpert audiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlstrom, Michael F.

    2014-01-01

    Although storytelling often has negative connotations within science, narrative formats of communication should not be disregarded when communicating science to nonexpert audiences. Narratives offer increased comprehension, interest, and engagement. Nonexperts get most of their science information from mass media content, which is itself already biased toward narrative formats. Narratives are also intrinsically persuasive, which offers science communicators tactics for persuading otherwise resistant audiences, although such use also raises ethical considerations. Future intersections of narrative research with ongoing discussions in science communication are introduced. PMID:25225368

  4. A Missing Piece of the Contemporary Character Education Puzzle: The Individualisation of Moral Character

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yi-Lin

    2013-01-01

    The different sorts of virtuous people who display various virtues to a remarkable degree have brought the issue of individualisation of moral character to the forefront. It signals a more personal dimension of character development which is notoriously ignored in the current discourse on character education. The case is made that since in…

  5. Notes on character sheaves

    OpenAIRE

    Lusztig, G.

    2008-01-01

    In the first section we study a functor of Bezrukavnikov, Finkelberg and Ostrik defined on character sheaves; we compute it in a Grothendieck group taking weights into account. In the second section we enlarge the class of character sheaves to a larger class of simple perverse sheaves which behaves well under tensor product (unlike the character sheaves themselves).

  6. Larval development of Notolopas brasiliensis Miers, 1886 (Brachyura: Majoidea: Pisidae described from laboratory reared material and a reappraisal of the characters of Pisidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Santana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The complete larval stages of Notolopas brasiliensis are described from laboratory reared material, with emphasis on the external morphological features of Majoidea, and compare the morphology of N. brasiliensis with other genera of Pisidae. Larval development of N. brasiliensis consists of two zoeal stages and one megalopa. The duration mean of each zoeal stage was 4.2 ± 1.0 days for Zoea I and 3.8 ± 0.7 days for Zoea II, the megalopa instar appearing 8.1 ± 0.4 days after hatching. The characters previously used to define larval forms of Pisidae are either symplesiomorphic or potentially highly homoplastic. As well, was observed that there are no common sets of larval characters that would define Pisidae nowadays. However, was showed that only a combination of characters could differentiate Notolopas from other pisid genera.O completo desenvolvimento larval de Notolopas brasiliensis é descrito, a partir de material criado em laboratório, com ênfase na morfologia externa de Majoidea e comparado aos demais gêneros de Pisidae. O desenvolvimento larval de N. brasiliensis consiste em dois estágios de zoea e um de megalopa. A duração media de cada estágio foi de 4.2 ± 1.0 dias para a Zoea I e 3.8 ± 0.7 dias para a Zoea II, a megalopa aparece entre 8.1 ± 0.4 dias após a eclosão. Os caracteres previamente utilizados para definir as formas larvais de Pisidae ou são simplesiomórficos ou altamente homoplásticos. Foi observado que não existe um conjunto de caracteres capazes de definir Pisidae até o presente.Contudo foi mostrado que uma combinação de caracteres pode ser utilizada para diferenciar Notolopas dos demais gêneros da família.

  7. Memory between old and new media. Rethinking storytelling as a performative practice to process, assess and create awareness of change in the world of secondary orality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena LAMBERTI

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Storytelling is old, but in our digital age its means are new. When an event of huge cultural significance occurs (such as the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the “Occupy Wall Street” Protest, or the coming of Boat-People to Europe stories ricochet from TV to Internet, from cell phone to text message with a speed and proliferation unknown even a decade ago. We need new and effective ways to understand the making of cultural processes in a multi-media environment in order to learn and develop strategies to make sense of cultural shifts in a reduced and very limited span of time. My essay draws on research in both Memory Studies, Literary Studies and Media Ecology to open up the study of storytelling to old and new media psycho-dynamics so to start to develop a methodology of investigation that will facilitate a deeper understanding of the role of multimedia storytelling in the ways in which both individuals and groups cognitively and emotionally navigate profound cultural shift, as well as in the ways in which they create and preserve their memories through time and technological change.

  8. Moral character in the workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Taya R; Panter, A T; Turan, Nazli; Morse, Lily; Kim, Yeonjeong

    2014-11-01

    Using two 3-month diary studies and a large cross-sectional survey, we identified distinguishing features of adults with low versus high levels of moral character. Adults with high levels of moral character tend to: consider the needs and interests of others and how their actions affect other people (e.g., they have high levels of Honesty-Humility, empathic concern, guilt proneness); regulate their behavior effectively, specifically with reference to behaviors that have positive short-term consequences but negative long-term consequences (e.g., they have high levels of Conscientiousness, self-control, consideration of future consequences); and value being moral (e.g., they have high levels of moral identity-internalization). Cognitive moral development, Emotionality, and social value orientation were found to be relatively undiagnostic of moral character. Studies 1 and 2 revealed that employees with low moral character committed harmful work behaviors more frequently and helpful work behaviors less frequently than did employees with high moral character, according to their own admissions and coworkers' observations. Study 3 revealed that adults with low moral character committed more delinquent behavior and had more lenient attitudes toward unethical negotiation tactics than did adults with high moral character. By showing that individual differences have consistent, meaningful effects on employees' behaviors, after controlling for demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, income) and basic attributes of the work setting (e.g., enforcement of an ethics code), our results contest situationist perspectives that deemphasize the importance of personality. Moral people can be identified by self-reports in surveys, and these self-reports predict consequential behaviors months after the initial assessment. PMID:25133716

  9. Character theory of infinite wreath products

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Boyer

    2005-01-01

    The representation theory of infinite wreath product groups is developed by means of the relationship between their group algebras and conjugacy classes with those of the infinite symmetric group. Further, since these groups are inductive limits of finite groups, their finite characters can be classified as limits of normalized irreducible characters of prelimit finite groups. This identification is called the “asymptotic character formula.” The K0-invariant of the ...

  10. I See, Please Tell Me More : Exploring Virtual Agents as Interactive Storytellers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholm, David; Petersson, Eva

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the effect of a virtual agent, used as a storyteller in an interactive story, with the purpose of distributing information to leaders at the municipal government of Esbjerg, Denmark. The aim was to investigate the influence an agent might have on the user experience, when comparing it to a story with no agent. A simple story was implemented where the user could choose which parts to read. A test was held where ten participants went through the story with and without an agent as a storyteller, and took part in a focus group discussion. Data on story choices and time was saved and analysed along with the focus group data. From the overall findings it can be concluded that a storyteller agent has a positive impact on the experience. Furthermore, that interactive storytelling requires care in placement of important information, so as to avoid it being missed.

  11. Asymmetry in Reproductive Character Displacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jang, Yikweon

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A commonly held view in studies of character displacement is that character states of both speciesare shifted in areas of sympatry. This view has been confirmed in an overwhelming number of cases for ecologicalcharacter displacement. Excluding species pairs in which one of the two interacting species is found onlywithin the distribution of the other species and species displaying gynogenesis, the pattern of reproductivecharacter displacement is asymmetrical in that the shift in character states between areas of symaptry andallopatry occurs in only one of the two interacting species. Hypotheses for the reasons behind this asymmetryin reproductive character displacement include (1 homogenization by gene flow, (2 other mechanisms of reproductiveisolation, and (3 sufficient reproductive isolation being provided by one of the interacting species exhibitinga pattern of reproductive character displacement. Because reproductive isolation can be achieved by divergenceat any point in a sequence of premating reproductive behaviors and postmating developments, it is necessaryto understand the mechanisms of reproductive isolation of two interacting taxa in areas of sympatry and allopatryand to analyze the relative contributions of potential factors to reproductive isolation to disentangle hypothesesfor the patterns of asymmetry.

  12. Digital Storytelling in Study Abroad: Toward a Counter-Catalogic Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Karen Rodriguez

    2010-01-01

    This article examines a pilot project incorporating digital storytelling into a short-term study abroad program in the small city of Guanajuato, Mexico. After contextualizing the project’s pedagogical and theoretical concerns, the article examines the resulting stories, underscoring their potential for helping students pay attention to specific sites, to think beyond the usual images one is bombarded with and to spark critical thought. It argues that digital storytelling allows both student...

  13. Can the Theory of Narratives Help Teachers to Become Better Storytellers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubli, Fritz

    The narration of historical details is an art. It can be learned by studying narrative theories which lead to a better understanding of the narrative process. Not every physics teacher is born an expert in storytelling. The analysis of the whole process of story production and its reception by an audience is a precious tool, even in the hand of an inexperienced storyteller. Science teachers can profit from an education in this direction.

  14. The Motivational Appeal of Interactive Storytelling: Towards a Dimensional Model of the User Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Christian; Vorderer, Peter; Klimmt, Christoph

    A conceptual account to the quality of the user experience that interactive storytelling intends to facilitate is introduced. Building on socialscientific research from 'old' entertainment media, the experiential qualities of curiosity, suspense, aesthetic pleasantness, self-enhancement, and optimal task engagement ("flow") are proposed as key elements of a theory of user experience in interactive storytelling. Perspectives for the evolution of the model, research and application are briefly discussed.

  15. Digital Storytelling for 21st-Century Skills in Virtual Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Hannele Niemi; Vilhelmiina Harju; Marianna Vivitsou; Kirsi Viitanen; Jari Multisilta; Anne Kuokkanen

    2014-01-01

    This article finds that the new virtual learning environments comprise more spaces and practices in which digital resources, tools, and applications are used. The article introduces how digital storytelling can create virtual learning environments when it is used for learning 21st-century skills and competencies needed in students’ future working life. The study describes how students (n = 319) in three countries and their teachers (n = 28) value digital storytelling ...

  16. RAISING INTERCULTURAL AWARENESS AT PRIMARY LEVEL THROUGH STORYTELLING WITHIN A CLIL APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Logioio, Alejandra Judith

    2010-01-01

    In an attempt to respond to recent communicative needs in foreign language education, this project work investigates how storytelling through a CLIL approach can contribute to raising intercultural awareness at primary level. This project work explores the use of storytelling, which includes traditional stories and tales from a diversity of cultures, as a springboard for activities that promote intercultural awareness through the teaching of content derived from the stories in ...

  17. Propositions for Innovative Forms of Digital Interactive Storytelling Based on Narrative Theories and Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Szilas N.; Axelrad M.; Richle U.

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes a look at narrative forms as of yet unexplored in the field of digital interactive storytelling, and proposes methods for how they can be used in engaging ways for the user. Digital Interactive Storytelling, while nearly two decades old as a field of research, has yet to produce a tool capable of producing masses of narratively interesting and engaging pieces for the end user. Although the various prototypes available produce several different story genres, they stem from the...

  18. Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Bou-Franch

    2012-01-01

    As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belie...

  19. Character Networks and Centrality

    OpenAIRE

    Rochat, Yannick

    2014-01-01

    A character network represents relations between characters from a text; the relations are based on text proximity, shared scenes/events, quoted speech, etc. Our project sketches a theoretical framework for character network analysis, bringing together narratology, both close and distant reading approaches, and social network analysis. It is in line with recent attempts to automatise the extraction of literary social networks (Elson, 2012; Sack, 2013) and other studies stressing the importanc...

  20. Innovative Technique for Character Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumant Raj Chauhan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. Indian scripts present great challenges to an OCR designer due to the large number of letters in the alphabet, the sophisticated ways in which they combine, and the complicated graphemes they result in. The problem is compounded by the unstructured manner in which popular fonts are designed. There is a lot of common structure in the different Indian scripts. All existing OCR systems developed for various Indian scripts do not provide sufficient efficiency due to various factors. The objective of this paper is to discuss a more efficient character recognition technique. This paper introduces a new technical approach to recognize Indian script characters which are unpredictable due to different problems in other OCR’s.

  1. Juvenile phase of seedling development in six Eurasian 5-needle Pine species: pattern and character of interspecific differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. Popov

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A species-specific trait system is formed as a result of two main factors: phylogenetic (origin, relationships and adaptive (environment within a modern natural habitat. Traits themselves also may be ranged by theirphylogenetic stability and adaptive value. Species are usually characterized by definitive traits. Meanwhile, ontogenetic traits may alsobe useful for understanding both species' phylogenesis and adaptation to climatic conditions. The purpose of the present study is toinvestigate the juvenile shoot structure in some Eurasian Pinus species from the section strobus. In the southern part of the WesternSiberian Plain forest zone, seedling growth and development were studied on six Eurasian species: stone pines (Pinus sibirica, P. cembra,P. pumila, P. koraiensis and white pines (P. parviflora, P. armandii. Shoot growth duration?increases with an increase in vegetation season duration and the number of effective temperatures in the species' natural habitat: growth began slightly later, but it finished significantlylater. As far as shoot growth duration is concerned, the studied species were divided into 4 groups: (1 subarctic-subalpine P. pumila - 45-50 days, (2 boreal-mountain P. sibirica and P. cembra - 50-55 days, (3 nemoral from the monsoon forests P. koraiensis and P. parviflora - 60-65 days, (4 subtropical P. armandii - 75-80 days. The differences instructure and development of the juvenile shoots were not related to the climate in the natural habitat of species. On the basis of the juvenile morphogenesis duration and the presence of the mature organ type (5-needle short shoots on the juvenile shoot, three pairs ofspecies were distinguished: P. sibirica and P. cembra (1 year, do not have short shoots; P. koraiensis and P. armandii (1 year, shortshoots are present; P. parviflora and P. pumila (2 years, short shoots are present. It is shown that there is a close relationship between the species within each pair and a new argument is added in favor of the polyphyletic origin hypothesis for modern subsection Cembrae of the genus Pinus. The more important is one or another feature for species survival: the less it is connected with its phylogenesis, and the more it is related to modern climatic conditions. For species taxonomy, neutral features in the adaptive sense are relevant where they possiblydo not absolutely influence the real plants' life. A juvenile shoot is a shoot without bud scales. It has obviously remained in the Pinus ontogeny from the time when the ancestors of the modern species grew in a climate with weakly marked seasons. For P. parviflora?from the region with a temperate maritime climate, a two-year cycle of juvenile shoot development, apparently, is quite organic. For P. pumila which may be related to it and grows on an enormous area including north-eastern Siberia, it is an undesirable property that would limit the adaptive ability of species. The P. pumila seedlings demonstrate an extraordinarily high level of juvenile shoot diversity. This suggests the relatively recent origin of the species and its current active evolution.

  2. The Use of Humor and Storytelling with African American Men: Innovative Therapeutic Strategies for Success in Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vereen, Linwood G.; Hill, Nicole R.; Butler, S. Kent

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, the use of culturally appropriate humor as a tool for change within the parameters of counseling has grown within the literature. In comparison, the art of storytelling has had little attention within the literature as a tool for strategic change. This article outlines a framework for the use of humor and storytelling as…

  3. Learn Chinese Characters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbaugh, Rick

    Zhongwen.com is a valuable online resource for individuals just beginning to learn Chinese, as well as those who want to learn more. The site contains the complete on line text of "Chinese Character: A Genealogy and Dictionary". All the Chinese characters are hyperlinked so that users of the site can quickly decipher new and unfamiliar characters in English. Additionally, the site has readings about Chinese culture written in Chinese such as the "Art of War" and "Mao Sayings". Finally, for those who may just have basic questions about the Chinese language there is a frequently asked questions section that addresses common questions such as "Why are characters so complicated?" and "Are they pictures?"

  4. Optical Character Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Ms. Nilam Divekar; Ms. Supriya Indalkar; Ms. Ravina Mithe

    2013-01-01

    The Optical Character Recognition is a mobileapplication. It uses smart mobile phones of android platform. Thispaper combines the functionality of Optical CharacterRecognition and speech synthesizer. The objective is to developuser friendly application which performs image to speechconversion system using android phones. The OCR takes image asthe input, gets text from that image and then converts it intospeech. This system can be useful in various applications likebanking, legal industry, oth...

  5. Character Education and Students Social Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syamsu A. Kamaruddin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available

    In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these two aspects is the author trying to ideas by referring to some other writings. The end result, the authors expect the birth of a design patent as early referral to spearhead a character development program learners.

  6. Character, Social-Emotional, and Academic Outcomes among Underachieving Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grier, Leslie K.

    2012-01-01

    One purpose of this research was to examine the psychometric properties of a character assessment scale (the Character Assessment for School Age Children; CASAC) based on 6 pillars of character (Josephson Institute, 2009). Many youth development and character education programs utilize some, if not all, of the pillars of character explicitly or…

  7. Teachers' Perceptions of School Organizational Climate as Predictors of Dosage and Quality of Implementation of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Margaret; Acock, Alan; DuBois, David L; Vuchinich, Samuel; Silverthorn, Naida; Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R

    2014-12-01

    Organizational climate has been proposed as a factor that might influence a school's readiness to successfully implement school-wide prevention programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of teachers' perceptions of three dimensions of school organizational climate on the dosage and quality of teacher implementation of Positive Action, a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program. The dimensions measured were teachers' perceptions of (a) the school's openness to innovation, (b) the extent to which schools utilize participatory decision-making practices, and (c) the existence of supportive relationships among teachers (teacher-teacher affiliation). Data from 46 teachers in seven schools enrolled in the treatment arm of a longitudinal, cluster-randomized, controlled trial were analyzed. Teacher perceptions of a school's tendency to be innovative was associated with a greater number of lessons taught and self-reported quality of delivery, and teacher-teacher affiliation was associated with a higher use of supplementary activities. The findings suggest that perceptions of a school's organizational climate impact teachers' implementation of SECD programs and have implications for school administrators and technical assistance providers as they work to implement and sustain prevention programs in schools. PMID:25468408

  8. Characterizing behavioural 'characters': an evolutionary framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araya-Ajoy, Yimen G; Dingemanse, Niels J

    2014-02-01

    Biologists often study phenotypic evolution assuming that phenotypes consist of a set of quasi-independent units that have been shaped by selection to accomplish a particular function. In the evolutionary literature, such quasi-independent functional units are called 'evolutionary characters', and a framework based on evolutionary principles has been developed to characterize them. This framework mainly focuses on 'fixed' characters, i.e. those that vary exclusively between individuals. In this paper, we introduce multi-level variation and thereby expand the framework to labile characters, focusing on behaviour as a worked example. We first propose a concept of 'behavioural characters' based on the original evolutionary character concept. We then detail how integration of variation between individuals (cf. 'personality') and within individuals (cf. 'individual plasticity') into the framework gives rise to a whole suite of novel testable predictions about the evolutionary character concept. We further propose a corresponding statistical methodology to test whether observed behaviours should be considered expressions of a hypothesized evolutionary character. We illustrate the application of our framework by characterizing the behavioural character 'aggressiveness' in wild great tits, Parus major. PMID:24335984

  9. Character Recognition Using Genetically Trained Neural Networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diniz, C.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

    1998-10-01

    Computationally intelligent recognition of characters and symbols addresses a wide range of applications including foreign language translation and chemical formula identification. The combination of intelligent learning and optimization algorithms with layered neural structures offers powerful techniques for character recognition. These techniques were originally developed by Sandia National Laboratories for pattern and spectral analysis; however, their ability to optimize vast amounts of data make them ideal for character recognition. An adaptation of the Neural Network Designer soflsvare allows the user to create a neural network (NN_) trained by a genetic algorithm (GA) that correctly identifies multiple distinct characters. The initial successfid recognition of standard capital letters can be expanded to include chemical and mathematical symbols and alphabets of foreign languages, especially Arabic and Chinese. The FIN model constructed for this project uses a three layer feed-forward architecture. To facilitate the input of characters and symbols, a graphic user interface (GUI) has been developed to convert the traditional representation of each character or symbol to a bitmap. The 8 x 8 bitmap representations used for these tests are mapped onto the input nodes of the feed-forward neural network (FFNN) in a one-to-one correspondence. The input nodes feed forward into a hidden layer, and the hidden layer feeds into five output nodes correlated to possible character outcomes. During the training period the GA optimizes the weights of the NN until it can successfully recognize distinct characters. Systematic deviations from the base design test the network's range of applicability. Increasing capacity, the number of letters to be recognized, requires a nonlinear increase in the number of hidden layer neurodes. Optimal character recognition performance necessitates a minimum threshold for the number of cases when genetically training the net. And, the amount of noise significantly degrades character recognition efficiency, some of which can be overcome by adding noise during training and optimizing the form of the network's activation fimction.

  10. School-Based Character Education in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Brian H.

    2013-01-01

    Character education has been a part of schooling in the United States since the early years of its public education system. Starting with a religious emphasis on moral development, character education eventually transformed into more secular approaches, like the values clarification model, character word-of-the-month approach, performance…

  11. Applying Adult Learning Theory through a Character Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskas, Richard S.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavior of a character, Celie, in a movie, 'The Color Purple," through the lens of two adult learning theorists to determine the relationships the character has with each theory. The development and portrayal of characters in movies can be explained and understood by the analysis of adult learning…

  12. Cost Effective Evaluation of Companies' Storytelling on the Web

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Torkil; VendelØ, Morten Thanning

    2004-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper we present a cost effective and simple procedure for evaluating company web sites. Our assumption is that such sites are places for companies' self-presentation and that customers are readers of these texts. Web site texts with narrative qualities, e.g. scenes, actors, acts, initiate the customers' imagination and narrative mind and hence their decision making. These ideas are investigated in a qualitative study of two companies' self-presentation as future work places for students. The results demonstrate that the students choose the company that has a web site with rich narrative qualities above the company that has a web site with good graphical appearance, but poor narrative qualities. In conclusion, we suggest that user centred evaluation of commercial web sites by using the suggested method can pay attention to deep, narrative structures in both the company's self-presentation and the customers' reading of the web site texts.Keywords: Competitive advantage, decision-making, dramas, imagination, narratives, storytelling, web-design.

  13. Video Game Characters. Theory and Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Schröter

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay develops a method for the analysis of video game characters based on a theoretical understanding of their medium-specific representation and the mental processes involved in their intersubjective construction by video game players. We propose to distinguish, first, between narration, simulation, and communication as three modes of representation particularly salient for contemporary video games and the characters they represent, second, between narrative, ludic, and social experience as three ways in which players perceive video game characters and their representations, and, third, between three dimensions of video game characters as ‘intersubjective constructs’, which usually are to be analyzed not only as fictional beings with certain diegetic properties but also as game pieces with certain ludic properties and, in those cases in which they function as avatars in the social space of a multiplayer game, as representations of other players. Having established these basic distinctions, we proceed to analyze their realization and interrelation by reference to the character of Martin Walker from the third-person shooter Spec Ops: The Line (Yager Development 2012, the highly customizable player-controlled characters from the role-playing game The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim (Bethesda 2011, and the complex multidimensional characters in the massively multiplayer online role-playing game Star Wars: The Old Republic (BioWare 2011-2014.

  14. La política relatada: el Storytelling de Barack Obama en el marco de la Operación Gerónimo / Politics Reported: Barack Obama's Storytelling Within the Frame of Operation Geronimo / A política relatada: o storytelling de Barack Obama no âmbito da Operação Gerônimo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto Pedro, López-Hermida-Russo; Josefina, Vargas-Monardes.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A quantidade de informação na qual nos movemos atualmente exige que o político, bem como outros líderes que quiserem transmitir uma mensagem, compita com inumeráveis telas e dados. O storytelling surge nos últimos anos como técnica efetiva para que a mensagem proveniente do líder social conquiste o [...] bem mais valioso no mundo da comunicação total: o tempo do cidadão. Nestas linhas, introduz-se esta ferramenta discursiva, suas condições e elementos e, por meio de uma análise qualitativa, expõe-se sua presença na galeria de imagens que a Casa Branca publicou assim que matou a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in spanish El caudal de información en el que nos movemos actualmente exige que el político, como otros líderes que quieran transmitir un mensaje, deba competir con innumerables pantallas y datos. El storytelling surge en los últimos años como técnica efectiva para que el mensaje proveniente del líder social l [...] ogre conquistar el bien más preciado en el mundo de la comunicación actual: el tiempo del ciudadano. En estas líneas se introduce esta herramienta discursiva, sus condiciones y elementos y, por medio de un análisis cualitativo, se expone su presencia en la galería de imágenes que la Casa Blanca publicó luego de matar a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in english The gush of information reaching us today requires politicians and any other leaders intending to communicate to compete against a countless amount of screens and data. In the past few years, storytelling has swelled as an effective technique with which social leaders intending to communicate can co [...] nquer the most important asset in communication today: the citizens' time. These lines introduce the conditions and fundamentals of storytelling as a tool, revealing its presence through a qualitative analysis in a gallery of photographs published by the White House in the aftermath of Bin Laden's assassination.

  15. Musical performance as storytelling: Memory, European integration, and the Baltic youth philharmonic ?rchestra?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramnarine Tina K.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Storytelling has been theorized as a performative, narrative practice, but it has not been employed often as a trope in studies of musical performance. This article outlines a theoretical context for exploring the possibilities of such a conceptual move within musicology by referring to the anthropological and performance studies approaches of Turner and Schechner. Benjamin’s reflection on the storyteller as a narrator of memory and history frames the presentation of a case-study on the Baltic Youth Philharmonic Orchestra.

  16. Raymond Andrews as Griot: Privileging Southern Black Communities through Oral Storytelling and Cultural History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brennan Collins

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Raymond Andrews’ novels celebrate rural Black life by focusing on the customs and traditions of Southern African American communities. Critical to this celebration are the rhetorical strategies Andrews uses that privilege oral over literary storytelling. Using Geneva Smitherman’s discussion of the griot and Henry Louis Gates, Jr.’s concept of the speakerly text in the context of John Miles Foley’s work on comparative oral traditions, this essay explores the possibility and implications of describing Andrews’ written work as a form of oral storytelling.

  17. Cinematography and character depiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Francis Nicholson

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates the ways in which cinematography can be used in depicting characters effectively in the motion picture medium. Since an aspiring filmmaker may be overwhelmed by the expansive field of cinematography, this essay aims to demystify and systematise this aspect of filmmaking. It combines information from written sources (mostly text books on filmmaking and cinematography with observations made from viewing recent and older feature films. The knowledge is organised under the three main headings of lighting, camera view point and the camera’s mode of perception. The outcome is an accessible and systematised foundation for film makers to consult as an entry point into understanding the relationship between character depiction and cinematography:
    “Cinematography captures and expresses what a character is
    feeling – their attitude towards the rest of the world, their interior state” Ian Gabriel, director of Forgiveness (2004 [personal interview 2009].

  18. Optical Character Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Nilam Divekar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Optical Character Recognition is a mobileapplication. It uses smart mobile phones of android platform. Thispaper combines the functionality of Optical CharacterRecognition and speech synthesizer. The objective is to developuser friendly application which performs image to speechconversion system using android phones. The OCR takes image asthe input, gets text from that image and then converts it intospeech. This system can be useful in various applications likebanking, legal industry, other industries, and home and officeautomation. It mainly designed for people who are unable to readany type of text documents. In this paper, the characterrecognition method is presented by using OCR technology andandroid phone with higher quality camera.

  19. Use of Splines in Handwritten Character Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Handwritten Character Recognition is software used to identify the handwritten characters and receive and interpret intelligible andwritten input from sources such as manuscript documents. The recent past several years has seen the development of many systems which are able to simulate the human brain actions. Among the many, the neural networks and the artificial intelligence are the most two important paradigms used. In this paper we propose a new algorithm for recognition of handwritten texts based on the spline function and neural network is proposed. In this approach the converse order of thehandwritten character structure task is used to recognize the character. The spline function and the steepest descent methodsare applied on the optimal notes to interpolate and approximatecharacter shape. The sampled data of the handwritten text are used to obtain these optimal notes. Each character model is constructed by training the sequence of optimal notes using the neural network. Lastly the unknown input character is compared by all characters models to get the similitude scores.

  20. English Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network

    OpenAIRE

    Dash, Tirtharaj; Nayak, Tanistha

    2013-01-01

    This work focuses on development of a Offline Hand Written English Character Recognition algorithm based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The ANN implemented in this work has single output neuron which shows whether the tested character belongs to a particular cluster or not. The implementation is carried out completely in 'C' language. Ten sets of English alphabets (small-26, capital-26) were used to train the ANN and 5 sets of English alphabets were used to test the net...

  1. Use of Splines in Handwritten Character Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Sunil Kumar; Gopinath S,; Satish Kumar; Rajesh Chhikara

    2010-01-01

    Handwritten Character Recognition is software used to identify the handwritten characters and receive and interpret intelligible andwritten input from sources such as manuscript documents. The recent past several years has seen the development of many systems which are able to simulate the human brain actions. Among the many, the neural networks and the artificial intelligence are the most two important paradigms used. In this paper we propose a new algorithm for recognition of handwritten t...

  2. Character and Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uerling, Donald F.

    2004-01-01

    The American way of life rests on a foundation of rational thought and civil behavior. Simply put, the strength of America depends on its culture--the set of beliefs, values, and behavioral norms to which most citizens adhere. Most educators have always viewed schooling for character and citizenship as a fundamental purpose of public education.…

  3. Parabolic character sheaves, III

    OpenAIRE

    Lusztig, G.

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to define a class of sim- ple perverse sheaves (called character sheaves) on certain ind-varieties associated to a loop group. This has applications to a geometric con- struction of certain affine Hecke algebras with unequal parameters, as will be shown elsewhere.

  4. Essentials of TAT and Other Storytelling Techniques Assessment. Essentials of Psychological Assessment Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teglasi, Hedwig

    This book provides guidance into the use of storytelling techniques as an approach to personality assessment and explains how to administer, score, and interpret such tests. The tests discussed include the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), the Roberts Apperception Test for Children, and the TEMAS (Tell-Me-a-Story). Each chapter contains callout…

  5. "Tales from the Brazilian Jungle": Antonio Rocha, Storyteller. Cue Sheet for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Elizabeth

    This performance guide is designed for teachers to use with students before and after a performance of "Tales from the Brazilian Jungle" with storyteller Antonio Rocha. The guide, called a "Cuesheet," contains four sheets for use in class. The first, "About the Performance," prepares students for understanding references to the Amazon rainforest,…

  6. Digital Storytelling: A Case Study of the Creation, and Narration of a Story by EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler Pardo, Betlem

    2014-01-01

    The use of technology to teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL) has been greatly expanded in recent decades, and has also been construed by educators as a fresh alternative to traditional pedagogy. Digital Storytelling can offer this alternative as, without neglecting the target of improving teaching quality, it has been proved to be a…

  7. Basic Language Skills and Young Children's Understanding of Causal Connections during Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Danielle D.; Lile, Jacquelyn; Burns, Barbara M.

    2011-01-01

    The current study examined the role of basic language skills for individual differences in preschoolers' understanding of causal connections. Assessments of basic language skills, expressive vocabulary, phonological processing, and receptive language comprehension were examined in relation to the production of causal connections in a storytelling…

  8. MAKING TIME FOR STORYTELLING; THE CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BUILDING AND ACTIVISM IN A RURAL LOCALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Copeland, Clodagh Miskelly

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The uneven projection of voices from or within a community can be addressed, in part, by methods such as digital storytelling in a technology and media-savvy society. Whilst the use of digital storytelling to facilitate constructive dialogue has proved successful for those who participate, instilling a sense of motivation to become involved at the outset can pose a challenge. Members of different types of community groups, whether geo-physical or practice-based, will not necessarily be drawn to involvement in social action through group workshops without prior personal engagement. This paper considers which other participatory media techniques can be employed to encourage involvement in community digital storytelling workshops to inspire activism, and examines barriers to participation, with emphasis on the necessity of mandate, for project success. To help answer these issues, one particular workshop in a case study in North Yorkshire, UK will be used to identify the importance of place and incorporation of methods when undertaking community digital storytelling.

  9. A Little-Used Art of Teaching: The Case of Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meel, David E.; Gyurko, Deborah; Gaspar, Michelle

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the art of storytelling as a means of introducing new mathematics topics. Telling a mathematically based story can be a break from the routine and can serve as literary mnemonics full of mental imagery that helps students recall in problem-solving steps. The authors provide a certain story that has been tried by several…

  10. One Authentic Early Literacy Practice and Three Standardized Tests: Can a Storytelling Curriculum Measure up?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Patricia M.; Capo, Karen; Mathes, Bernie; Gray, Lincoln

    2007-01-01

    The current study was designed to assess the vocabulary and literacy skills of young children who participated in an authentic literacy practice, i.e., Vivian Paley's "storytelling curriculum," over the course of their respective prekindergarten or kindergarten years. We asked: How do prekindergarten and kindergarten age children, who participate…

  11. The Historical Ideal-Type as a Heuristic Device for Academic Storytelling by Sport Scholars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutka, Patrick; Seifried, Chad

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this research endeavor is to take the previous calls of sport scholars to expand into alternative research approaches (e.g., history, case study, law reviews, philosophy, etc.) and to show how storytelling can be an effective tool through the use of a heuristic device. The present analysis attempts to focus on the usage of the…

  12. Shared-Reading versus Oral Storytelling: Associations with Preschoolers' Prosocial Skills and Problem Behaviours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curenton, Stephanie M.; Craig, Michelle Jones

    2011-01-01

    Dyadic shared-reading and oral storytelling practices and their association to American preschoolers' (N = 33) prosocial and problem behaviour was examined. The frequency (how often dyads read) and history (the child's age at first reading) were examined within shared-reading; emotion state talk and evaluative judgments were examined in both…

  13. Generic character sheaves on disconnected groups and character values

    OpenAIRE

    Lusztig, G.

    2007-01-01

    We relate a generic character sheaf on a disconnected reductive group with a character of a representation of the rational points of the group over a finite field extending a result known in the connected case.

  14. The African studies course of the Instituto de Estudos Superiores Militares. An analysis of the correlations and conflictive character inside the triangle - Development, environment and security - in Africa’s Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Tu?rk, Sarah Lorena

    2012-01-01

    The following dissertation circles around the present-time character of reliance of elements inside a system, conflictive structures and process directions, with a focus on Africa and a country case to be analysed in more detail, which will concentrate on the 3 factors of development, environment and security. Two principal parts constitute this investigation work, of which one specifies and evaluates the African studies program held during the time of the internship at IESM, its various p...

  15. AI Based Character Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimish Kumar

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract- In this paper we propose an approach for recognizing an English alphabet using their structural features. One of its major applications is Optical Character Recognition (OCR. Scanners produce bitmap images of the documents which are not edited by word processors. Rather than trying to match a bitmap to the stored letters, feature extraction attempts to recognize letters by condensing the scanned letters to their basic "Features" which are compared to a list of features stored in the program's code. To convert a .BMP file into equivalent text file we need to process the file. The whole paper consists of reading bitmap file and marking blocks, thinning the available bitmap block, extracting the feature points from the bitmap block along with their approximate position in the block, checking if there are circles or some enclosed regions in the bitmap and matching the feature points with ideal feature point set of each alphabet and if it matches with any one of them then recognizes the bitmap block as that character. The experimental results show improvement as it verifying most of the characters.

  16. ChemTeacher: Metallic Character

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Metallic Character page includes resources for teaching students about trends in metallic character.

  17. How iconic are Chinese characters?

    OpenAIRE

    Bialystok, Ellen; Luk, Gigi

    1999-01-01

    The study explores the notion that some Chinese characters contain pictorial indications of meanings that can be used to help retrieve the referent. Thirty adults with no prior knowledge of Chinese guessed the meanings of twenty Chinese characters by choosing between one of two photographs. Half of the characters were considered to be iconic and the other half was considered to be arbitrary. The proportion of correct guesses for iconic characters was high, but the proportion for arbitrary cha...

  18. The Importance of Data Visualization: Incorporating Storytelling into the Scientific Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babiak-Vazquez, A.; Cornett, A. N.; Wear, M. L.; Sams, C.

    2014-01-01

    From its inception in 2000, one of the primary tasks of the Biomedical Data Reduction Analysis (BDRA) group has been translation of large amounts of data into information that is relevant to the audience receiving it. BDRA helps translate data into an integrated model that supports both operational and research activities. This data integrated model and subsequent visual data presentations have contributed to BDRA's success in delivering the message (i.e., the story) that its customers have needed to communicate. This success has led to additional collaborations among groups that had previously not felt they had much in common until they worked together to develop solutions in an integrated fashion. As more emphasis is placed on working with "big data" and on showing how NASA's efforts contribute to the greater good of the American people and of the world, it becomes imperative to visualize the story of our data to communicate the greater message we need to share. METHODS To create and expand its data integrated model, BDRA has incorporated data from many different collaborating partner labs and other sources. Data are compiled from the repositories of the Lifetime Surveillance of Astronaut Health and the Life Sciences Data Archive, and from the individual laboratories at Johnson Space Center that support collection of data from medical testing, environmental monitoring, and countermeasures, as designated in the Medical Requirements Integration Documents. Ongoing communication with the participating collaborators is maintained to ensure that the message and story of the data are retained as data are translated into information and visual data presentations are delivered in different venues and to different audiences. RESULTS We will describe the importance of storytelling through an integrated model and of subsequent data visualizations in today's scientific presentations and discuss the collaborative methods used. We will illustrate the discussion with examples of graphs from BDRA's past work supporting operations and/or research efforts.

  19. Modeling the Semiotic Structure of Player-Characters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vella, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    When game studies has tackled the player-character, it has tended to do so by means of an opposition to the notion of the avatar, with the result that the ontological and semiotic nature of the character in itself has not been given due attention. This paper draws on understandings of character from the fields of narratology and literary theory to highlight the double-layered ontology of character as both a possible individual and as a semiotic construction. Uri Margolin’s narratological model of character signification is used as the basis for developing a semiotic-structural model of the player-character that addresses its specific medialities and formal nature – a task which is performed through illustrative close examinations of the player-characters in The Last of Us (Naughty Dog 2013) and Gone Home (The Fullbright Company 2013).

  20. Closed surfaces and character varieties

    OpenAIRE

    Chesebro, Eric

    2012-01-01

    The powerful character variety techniques of Culler and Shalen can be used to find essential surfaces in knot manifolds. We show that module structures on the coordinate ring of the character variety can be used to identify detected boundary slopes as well as when closed surfaces are detected. This approach also yields new number theoretic invariants for the character varieties of knot manifolds.

  1. Character and Culture: Towards a Man of Character—The Relevance of Traditional Igbo Family Values

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Ikechukwu Ogugua

    2013-01-01

    Character and culture describe man both as an active and a passive agent in life. It is by being fashioned by culture that man cultivates character and by the use of this character so acquired that he develops and upgrades his culture; for culture is dynamic, that is elastic; as such there is need for eternal vigilance on the part of man to see his culture evolve and become better at every point in time. This can come about either spontaneously or through an agency; it is the duty of an agen...

  2. Character Education Re-Conceptualized for Practical Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajovic, Mira; Rizzo, Kelly; Engemann, Joe

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we explored conceptual ambiguities of character education within the present Ontario Ministry of Education initiative. Through the critical lens of moral development theories and theories of mind, social and cognitive domains and their affect on character development were examined. Based on these findings three shortcomings in…

  3. Performance of English Character Recognition with and without Noise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Sharma#1 , Randhir Singh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Character recognition has been one of the most interesting and challenging research areas in the recent years. Many researchers develop scripts based on the different approaches used for the design of character recognition system. This paper provides a survey and classification of various character recognition techniques and describes a technique for converting textual content from a paper document into machine readable form.

  4. Creating legitimacy across international contexts : The role of storytelling in international new ventures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

  5. Assessment of oral storytelling abilities of Latino junior high school students with learning handicaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, B C; Harris, K C; Klein, M D

    1993-02-01

    This study investigated the relationship between reading comprehension and oral storytelling abilities. Thirty-one Latino junior high school students with learning handicaps were selected as subjects based on learning handicapped designation, home language, and language proficiency status. Reading comprehension was measured by the Reading Comprehension subtest of the Peabody Individual Achievement Test. Storytelling was measured by (a) the Oral Production subtest of the Language Assessment Scales using the standard scoring protocol and (b) a story structure analysis. A comparison of the standard scoring protocol and reading comprehension revealed no relationship, while the comparison of the story structure analysis and reading comprehension revealed a significant correlation. The implications of these results for language assessment of bilingual students are discussed. PMID:8463744

  6. Infusing Bodily Connotations Into Storytelling Instruction: A Discussion Grounded in Embodied Cognitive Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongfei ZHANG

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Reforms in the theory and practice of curriculum and instruction should be based on changes in their theoretical foundation of cognitive theories. Traditional cognitive science has long been stuck in the confines of Cartesian dualism: the intact human being is divided into body and mind; cognitive computationalism and information processing theories have been prevalent. The computational metaphor of cognition advocates a “disembodied” kind of cognition and devalues bodily connotations. This approach has also impacted our fundamental understanding of issues in education and instruction; the theory and practice of storytelling instruction inevitably head down the wrong path as well due to the influence of this approach. Embodied cognitive theory is a new direction in contemporary philosophy and research in cognitive sciences; its emphasis on the cultural, integral, and affective nature of cognition infuses bodily connotations into our understanding of cognition. This new theoretical approach would also reveal new implications for the theory and practice of storytelling instruction.

  7. Creating Legitimacy across International Contexts: The Role of Storytelling for International New Ventures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

  8. Creating legitimacy across international contexts: : The role of storytelling in international new ventures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

  9. Storytelling as Methodology: Colombia’s Social Studies Textbooks after La Constitución de 1991

    OpenAIRE

    Daza, Stephanie L.

    2013-01-01

    This article posits the concept-metaphor of “storytelling as methodology” for reading a Colombian social studies textbook after the country ratified a new constitution in 1991. It examines temporal interplay and the interplay between visual and written texts in the textbook in order to analyze US imperialism, race/difference, and the discourse of progress. At the same time, the article draws on the theoretical perspectives of Gayatri Spivak in its attempt to perform transnational academic...

  10. Using the story-telling technique in the qualitative research of national identity

    OpenAIRE

    ?andru, C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper contains the main results of a qualitative research onRomanians national identity. The research proposes a new approach to the national identity based on two methodological elements: the patriotic songs as a stimulus for reflection on national identity and the presentation of data in the form of story-telling. The theoretical background integrates the social identity theory and the theory of social representations. The main conclusionof the research is that Romanians have nowadays ...

  11. Attitudes of the Students Studying at Kafkas University Private Primary EFL Classroom towards Storytelling and Motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Gencer Elk?l?ç; Catherine Akça

    2008-01-01

    In order to determine their motivation for learning English as a foreign language; their preferred learning activities; and, in particular, their attitudes towards learning English through the medium of storytelling, a questionnaire was administered to 21 students from the 4th year of Kafkas University  private primary school in Kars, Turkey. The results show that both story telling and grammar were perceived as very enjoyable by a majority of the participants, 71.43% and 52.38% respectively...

  12. Story-telling strategies employed in three Northern Sothodetective short stories

    OpenAIRE

    Joubert, Annekie

    2010-01-01

    A short introduction will be given to the history of literary writing in Northern Sotho until the 1950s when the first example of detective writing appeared in Ramaila’s volume of short stories, Molomatsebe. Subsequently, the story-telling strategies used by three Northern Sotho authors, namely Ramaila, Matlala and Lebopa (appearing in the anthology Makhura’ lefehlo compiled by Mampuru, 1991) will be followed in their respective detective short stories published in 1951, 1969 ...

  13. Once Upon a Time on Twitter : Storytelling and Narrative Elements on a Social Media Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Persson Högdahl, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis the structure and usage of narrative within a social media platform isexplored, with Twitter as the chosen social media network. Narrative and storytellingwithin a social media sphere such as Twitter primarily focuses on bringing a certaincharacterization and voice to a user account with story and narrative generally coming insecond place. By studying and comparing real-life cases of storytelling on twitter I havecome to the conclusion that a narrative structure that combines a...

  14. Exploring new communication strategies for a global brand :transmedia storytelling and gamification

    OpenAIRE

    Brieger, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Marketing is changing and companies or brands try to find new ways to engage consumers and involve them in their advertising efforts. There are two new communication strategies that might be able to lead the way into a new area of advertising and marketing: transmedia storytelling and gamification. The research questions were how to use such strategies in the communication or branding environment and how to use them when a global brand wants to communicate across cultures while adapting the a...

  15. Channeling Identity: A Study of Storytelling in Conversations Between Introverted and Extraverted Friends

    OpenAIRE

    Thorne, Avril; Korobov, Neill; Morgan, Elizabeth M.

    2007-01-01

    This narrative study examined the process of personal storytelling between college-age friends who were similarly introverted or extraverted. Participants were 19 introverted and 20 extraverted same-sex pairs (49 percent female) who had been friends for an average of 18 months. Stories emerged spontaneously during 10-minute catch-up conversations. Extraverted friends more often told stories that changed the topic, and more often co-constructed story plots. Introverted friends more often told ...

  16. Digital storytelling in sex education. Avoiding the pitfalls of building a ‘haram’ website

    OpenAIRE

    Christa de Graaf; Joke Hermes; Pauline Borghuis

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses a participant design research project. The project aimed to provide information about sex and sexuality to groups considered to be vulnerable due to lack of knowledge and cultural barriers. The researchers worked with their students (from highly diverse cultural background) to gather interview material that in turn was used by these students to write ‘life stories’. Although not digital storytelling as it is usually defined, the group for whom the website was built ...

  17. An Introduction to the RCETJ Special Issue on Multimedia, Media Convergence, and Digital Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon J. Murray

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Individual scholars have always been among the first to experiment with particular technologies if they hold promise for a practical or theoretical application. In short, researchers are not waiting. In this special edition of the journal, you will meet a few of these individuals and glimpse some of the ways multimedia, media convergence, and digital storytelling processes are beginning to shape the way we think.

  18. An Introduction to the RCETJ Special Issue on Multimedia, Media Convergence, and Digital Storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Gordon J.

    2008-01-01

    Individual scholars have always been among the first to experiment with particular technologies if they hold promise for a practical or theoretical application. In short, researchers are not waiting. In this special edition of the journal, you will meet a few of these individuals and glimpse some of the ways multimedia, media convergence, and digital storytelling processes are beginning to shape the way we think.

  19. Synthetic biology character and impact

    CERN Document Server

    Pade, Christian; Wigger, Henning; Gleich, Arnim

    2015-01-01

    Synthetic Biology is already an object of intensive debate. However, to a great extent the discussion to date has been concerned with fundamental ethical, religious and philosophical questions. By contrast, based on an investigation of the field’s scientific and technological character, this book focuses on new functionalities provided by synthetic biology and explores the associated opportunities and risks. Following an introduction to the subject and a discussion of the most central paradigms and methodologies, the book provides an overview of the structure of this field of science and technology. It informs the reader about the current stage of development, as well as topical problems and potential opportunities in important fields of application. But not only the science itself is in focus. In order to investigate its broader impact, ecological as well as ethical implications will be considered, paving the way for a discussion of responsibilities in the context of a field at a transitional crossroads be...

  20. Character, Leadership, and the Healthcare Professions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The presentation by Elizabeth Holmes, PhD, summarized the integration of character and leadership development in the education of healthcare professionals. Citing the mission, vision, values, graduate attributes, and various examples of current programs and initiatives from both the United States Naval Academy and the University of Botswana, the…

  1. ELECTRONIC HANDWRITING CHARACTER RECOGNITION (E-HWCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka.M

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available With the advancement of electronics, the different technologies used in computer vision, helps to recognize a hand written character more effectively and yields a reliable output. Password protection is acurrent challenge and it has various methods involved in it. On-line hand writing character recognition using accelerometers is the basic proto-type for all the latest technologies. In this project, the recognition process is done by using a micro-electromechanical device (MEMS Accelerometer and Microcontroller within built ADC and using I2C interface. The system uses processor to store the characters and it is interfaced to the computer for recognizing the data with any of Integrated Development Interface (IDE as Visual Basic. There are advance techniques in research of password by studying blood veins of a person’s palm, such as bio-metric techniques works on accelerometers in built.

  2. Chinese kindergartners learn to read characters analytically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Li; McBride, Catherine

    2015-04-01

    Do Chinese children implicitly extract information from Chinese print before they are formally taught to read? We examined Chinese kindergartners' sensitivity to regularities in Chinese characters and the relationship between such sensitivity and later literacy ability. Eighty-five kindergartners from Beijing were given a character-learning task and assessed on word reading and word writing twice within a 1-year interval. Sensitivity to the structural and phonetic regularities in Chinese appeared in 4-year-olds, and sensitivity to the positions of radicals in Chinese characters emerged in 5-year-olds. Such sensitivities explained unique variance in Chinese word reading and writing 1 year later, with age and nonverbal IQ statistically controlled. Young children detected regularities in written Chinese before they received formal instruction in it, which underscores both the importance of early statistical learning for literacy development and the analytic properties of Chinese print. PMID:25711130

  3. On the arithmetic Chern character

    OpenAIRE

    Gillet, H.; Soule, C.

    2012-01-01

    We consider a short sequence of hermitian vector bundles on some arithmetic variety. Assuming that this sequence is exact on the generic fiber we prove that the alternated sum of the arithmetic Chern characters of these bundles is the sum of two terms, namely the secondary Bott Chern character class of the sequence and its Chern character with supports on the finite fibers. Next, we compute these classes in the situation encountered by the second author when proving a "Kodai...

  4. Maya Studio Projects Photorealistic Characters

    CERN Document Server

    Palamar, Todd

    2011-01-01

    Create realistic characters with Maya tools and this project-based book Maya character generation tools are extremely sophisticated, and there's no better way to learn all their capabilities than by working through the projects in this hands-on book. This official guide focuses on understanding and implementing Maya's powerful tools for creating realistic characters for film, games, and TV. Use a variety of tools to create characters from skeleton to clothing, including hairstyles and facial hair, and learn how to use Performance Capture. A DVD includes supplementary videos, project support fi

  5. Efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on network approach

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Xiao-Yong; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

    2013-01-01

    Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that takes into account both the weight of the nodes and the hierarchical structure of the network. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as...

  6. Supersymmetric QFT, Super Loop Spaces and Bismut-Chern Character

    OpenAIRE

    HAN Fei

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we give a quantum interpretation of the Bismut-Chern character form (the loop space lifting of the Chern character form) as well as the Chern character form associated to a complex vector bundle with connection over a smooth manifold in the framework of supersymmetric quantum field theories developed by Stolz and Teichner \\cite{ST07}. We show that the Bismut-Chern character form comes up via a loop-deloop process when one goes from $1|1$D theory over a manifol...

  7. Yarning/Aboriginal storytelling: towards an understanding of an Indigenous perspective and its implications for research practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geia, Lynore K; Hayes, Barbara; Usher, Kim

    2013-12-01

    There is increasing recognition of Indigenous perspectives from various parts of the world in relation to storytelling, research and its effects on practice. The recent emergence of storytelling or yarning as a research method in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island studies and other Indigenous peoples of the world is gaining momentum. Narratives, stories, storytelling and yarning are emerging methods in research and has wide ranging potential to shape conventional research discourse making research more meaningful and accessible for researchers. In this paper we argue for the importance of Indigenous research methods and Indigenous method(ology), within collaborative respectful partnerships with non-Indigenous researchers. It is imperative to take these challenging steps together towards better outcomes for Indigenous people and their communities. In the Australian context we as researchers cannot afford to allow the gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and mainstream Australia health outcomes to grow even wider. One such pathway is the inclusion of Aboriginal storytelling or yarning from an Aboriginal and Torres Strait perspective within Indigenous and non-Indigenous research paradigms. Utilising Aboriginal storytelling or yarning will provide deeper understanding; complementing a two-way research paradigm for collaborative research. Furthermore, it has significant social implications for research and clinical practice amongst Indigenous populations; thus complementing the biomedical medical paradigm. PMID:24716757

  8. The Player as Author: Exploring the Effects of Mobile Gaming and the Location-Aware Interface on Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Hetland

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The mobile internet expands the immersive potential of storytelling by introducing electronic games powered by portable, location-aware interfaces. Mobile gaming has become the latest iteration in a decades-long evolution of electronic games that seek to empower the player not just as an avatar in a gameworld but also as a co-author of that gameworld, alongside the game’s original designers. Location-aware interfaces allow players to implicate places in the physical world as part of their gameworld (and vice versa for the first time. In addition to empowering the player as a co-author in the process of constructing a compelling gameworld, then, mobile games eschew linear narrative structures in favor of a cooperative storytelling process that is reliant in part on the player’s experience of place. While such an author-player “worldmaking” approach to storytelling is not new, mobile games evolve the process beyond what has yet been possible within the technical and physical constraints of the traditional video gaming format. Location-aware interfaces allow mobile games to extend the worldmaking process beyond the screen and into the physical world, co-opting the player’s sensory experiences of real-world places as potential storytelling tools. In our essay, we theorize the unique storytelling potential of mobile games while describing our experience attempting to harness that potential through the design and implementation of our hybrid-reality game University of Death.

  9. Ensuring Good Character and Civic Education: Connecting through Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumer, Robert; Lam, Carolina; Laabs, Bonnie

    2012-01-01

    Character and citizenship education are part of the vision of many countries, including Singapore. Ensuring they are implemented in academic environments, service learning has been shown to be a natural bridge between the two. Research has shown that service learning, when done well, produces outcomes related to character development and…

  10. Forgiveness as Character Education for Children and Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Wei Neng; Enright, Robert; Klatt, John

    2011-01-01

    Forgiveness education has demonstrated psychological, social and academic benefits; however, it has not been discussed as a means of promoting character development for children and adolescents. In this paper, we discuss forgiveness as a moral concept and explain how forgiveness can contribute to current discussions of character education. After…

  11. Widening the Lens to Teach Character Education Alongside Standards Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiff-Williams, Helen R.

    2010-01-01

    This article challenges policymakers, school leaders, and teachers to implement wide-scale and systematic teaching of character education in every classroom. In support of the idea that student character development should be a priority in all classes, I explain that youth need "decision-filters" to negotiate life's challenges. Further, the…

  12. College Access, Student Success, and the "New" Character Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soutter, Madora; Seider, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Over the past several years, there has been a resurgence of interest in--and reconceptualizing of-- character education in primary and secondary schools across the United States. An important question, then, is how this new emphasis on character development at the K-12 level impacts the work of university faculty and student affairs professionals.…

  13. Character Education and Media Literacy--Finding Common Ground.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrington, Scott D.; Emmans, Cindy C.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses curriculum development in the areas of character education and media literacy. Topics include what character education is and what it attempts to promote within a school setting; moral judgments; moral and ethical values; behavior; decision making; the role of mass media, including media violence; and adding media education to the…

  14. Mobile Urban Drama - Interactive Storytelling in Real World Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank Allan; Kortbek, Karen Johanne

    2012-01-01

    This article presents methods and tools for producing location-based Mobile Urban Dramas. In a Mobile Urban Drama, the user becomes the main character in a play that is presented as a multimedia production (through audio, images, animations and videos) on the user's mobile phone and in the physical surroundings. The media files are linked via tags (2D barcodes/RFID) or GPS to the real world set as the stage of the drama. The dramaturgical concept is described, and a narrative architecture is introduced. It supports a rich variety of plot graphs implemented in a software framework that supports producing Mobile Urban Dramas. Dramas produced with the framework may span from pure art pieces to structured learning experiences, for example, biology learning framed in a thriller. Experiences from six dramas produced with the framework by a Danish theatre group are discussed. The results are general findings on the concept, the narrative structure, scenographic effects and tools for technical production

  15. Character sums over Bohr sets

    OpenAIRE

    Hanson, Brandon

    2014-01-01

    We prove character sum estimates for additive Bohr subsets modulo a prime. These estimates are analogous to classical character sum bounds of Polya-Vinogradov and Burgess. These estimates are applied to obtain results on recurrence mod $p$ by special elements.

  16. Algebraic description of character varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Sikora, Adam S

    2011-01-01

    We find finite, reasonably small, generator sets of the coordinate rings of G-character varieties of finitely generated groups for all classical groups G. This result together with the method of Grobner basis gives an algorithm for describing character varieties by explicit polynomial equations.

  17. Delicious words – Assessing the impact of short storytelling messages on consumer preferences for variations of a new processed meat product

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fenger, Morten H. J.; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Continuous food product improvements require communication that induces consumers to test the new products. The paper presents an experiment that investigated the characteristics of consumers who reacted positively to variations of a new meat product, and explores the effect of short storytelling messages on choice. 1087 Danish consumers were presented with binary choice sets consisting of conventional and new variations of a cubed ham product; half of the respondents in addition saw short storytelling messages. It was found that while some consumers – especially those characterized by values related to stimulation seeking and hedonism and with a tendency towards variety seeking – reacted positively to the new product, others were less interested. The introduction of elements of storytelling, however, had a favorable effect on choice for the segment previously less interested. Thus, the results suggest that consumers who otherwise were not open for the new food product became more positive when storytellingwas introduced.

  18. Recognizing characters of ancient manuscripts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diem, Markus; Sablatnig, Robert

    2010-02-01

    Considering printed Latin text, the main issues of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) systems are solved. However, for degraded handwritten document images, basic preprocessing steps such as binarization, gain poor results with state-of-the-art methods. In this paper ancient Slavonic manuscripts from the 11th century are investigated. In order to minimize the consequences of false character segmentation, a binarization-free approach based on local descriptors is proposed. Additionally local information allows the recognition of partially visible or washed out characters. The proposed algorithm consists of two steps: character classification and character localization. Initially Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) features are extracted which are subsequently classified using Support Vector Machines (SVM). Afterwards, the interest points are clustered according to their spatial information. Thereby, characters are localized and finally recognized based on a weighted voting scheme of pre-classified local descriptors. Preliminary results show that the proposed system can handle highly degraded manuscript images with background clutter (e.g. stains, tears) and faded out characters.

  19. Temperament and Character in Psychosomatic Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medine Yazici Gulec

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Personality takes an important role in etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The studies conducted with Temperament and Character Inventory which investigates the personality according to psychobiological model is considered to have a major role in understanding the relationship between personality and psychosomatic disorders. In order to emphasize the previous studies on this subject, we have done database search in Pubmed and Turk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Directory for the time period between 1991 and 2009 to determine and evaluate the articles conducted among somatization, dermatologic illness, headache, physical medicine, angina, irritable bowel syndrome and asthma patients using Temperament and Character Inventory. The most significant consistent result of these studies was elevated harm avoid-ance scores. Harm avoidance scores still remain high even after controlling for the effect of depression and anxiety. Thus this temperament dimension is possibly an important state and trait feature for development of psychosomatic illnesses. These findings also confirmed that serotonergic systems get involved in the process of psychosomatic organization. In many studies, the mean scores of self direction sub-dimension of Temperament and Character Inventory which has been considered as the fundamental dimension to achieve mature personality, was found to be lower in psychosomatic patient groups than normal healthy control. This result hence supports the notion that process of illness affects the personality among these patients. Detailed evaluation of temparement and character profiles of psychosomatic patients would contribute much into understanding the etiology of these disorders.

  20. The Character of the Ring

    OpenAIRE

    Egill M. Halldórsson 1978

    2011-01-01

    The Lord of the Rings is in essence a story about good against evil, and how good people can resist and be influenced by evil. The story is littered with evil characters and dangerous situations manufactured by those evil characters. The protagonists need to interact and deal with those characters and situations. A big part of the protagonists? hardships involve the One Ring. The Ring is a large part of the story and is an evil force that threatens to destroy all that is good...

  1. Character theory of finite groups

    CERN Document Server

    Isaacs, I Martin

    2013-01-01

    ""The book is a pleasure to read. There is no question but that it will become, and deserves to be, a widely used textbook and reference."" - Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.Character theory provides a powerful tool for proving theorems about finite groups. In addition to dealing with techniques for applying characters to ""pure"" group theory, a large part of this book is devoted to the properties of the characters themselves and how these properties reflect and are reflected in the structure of the group.Chapter I consists of ring theoretic preliminaries. Chapters 2 to 6 and 8

  2. Population Structure and Quantitative Characters

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Alan R.; Harpending, Henry C.

    1983-01-01

    A migration matrix model is used to investigate the behavior of neutral polygenic characters in subdivided populations. It is shown that gametic disequilibrium has a large effect on the variance among groups but none at all on its expectation. The variance of among-group variance is substantial and does not depend on the number of loci contributing to variance in the character. It is just as large for polygenic characters as for single loci with the same additive variance. This implies that o...

  3. A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica / The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marina Tarnowski, Fasanello; Marcelo Firpo de Souza, Porto.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira [...] aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos. Abstract in english This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptua [...] l bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

  4. A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Tarnowski Fasanello

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos.This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptual bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

  5. Character Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, João; Oliveira, Célia; Reed, Lauren; Gable, Robert A.

    2013-01-01

    Around the world, children who can exercise their right to attend school spend a significant part of their lives within the education environment. Therefore, schools have a great deal of influence on children's development beyond the academic realm. Given this accessibility to children, schools have opportunities to help children develop…

  6. 28 CFR 4.5 - Character endorsements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Character endorsements. 4.5 Section 4...INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 § 4.5 Character endorsements. Each application...Parole Commission, attesting to the character and reputation of the applicant....

  7. 7 CFR 52.3762 - Character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Character. 52.3762 Section 52.3762 Agriculture...Types, Styles, and Grades § 52.3762 Character. (a) General. The factor of character refers to the firmness, tenderness,...

  8. Character Sums Over The Prime Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Carella, N. A.

    2012-01-01

    A few elementary estimates of a basic character sum over the prime numbers are derived here. These estimates are nontrivial for character sums modulo large q. In addition, an omega result for character sums over the primes is also included.

  9. 7 CFR 52.809 - Character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Character. 52.809 Section 52.809 Agriculture...Cherries Factors of Quality § 52.809 Character. (a) General. The factor of character refers to the physical characteristics...

  10. 7 CFR 52.781 - Character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Character. 52.781 Section 52.781 Agriculture...Cherries 1 Factors of Quality § 52.781 Character. (a) General. The factor of character refers to the physical characteristics...

  11. Psychoanalysis and detective fiction: a tale of Freud and criminal storytelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Amy

    2010-01-01

    Much has been written about Freud's influence on popular culture. This article addresses the influence of literature on Freud's psychoanalytical theory, specifically the role that modern detective fiction played in shaping Freudian theory. Edgar Allan Poe gave Freud the literary precedent; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes gave him the analytical model. In turn, the world of crime story-telling embedded Freudian theories in subsequent forms, spinning the tales of crime into a journey into the human mind. As these tales were popularized on the silver screen in the early 20th century, psychoanalytical ideas moved from the lecture halls into the cultural mainstream. PMID:21037412

  12. La política relatada: el Storytelling de Barack Obama en el marco de la Operación Gerónimo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Pedro L\\u00F3pez-Hermida-Russo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El caudal de información en el que nos movemos actualmente exige que el político, como otros líderes que quieran transmitir un mensaje, deba competir con innumerables pantallas y datos. El storytelling surge en los últimos años como técnica efectiva para que el mensaje proveniente del líder social logre conquistar el bien más preciado en el mundo de la comunicación actual: el tiempo del ciudadano. En estas líneas se introduce esta herramienta discursiva, sus condiciones y elementos y, por medio de un análisis cualitativo, se expone su presencia en la galería de imágenes que la Casa Blanca publicó luego de matar a Osama bin Laden.

  13. Strategic Spatial Planning as Persuasive Storytelling : The Case of Loop City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyses how the spatial vision of the Loop City for the Øresund Region has played an important persuasive role in legitimizing and mobilizing local and national political support for a light rail link along the outer ring road in the Greater Copenhagen Area. The paper discusses the persuasive power of spatial concepts and supportive storylines in bringing transport infrastructure projects onto the national policy agenda. In conclusion, the paper calls for critical attention to the rationalities underpinning practices of persuasive storytelling in contemporary strategic spatial planning.

  14. Character sheaves and characters of unipotent groups over finite fields

    CERN Document Server

    Boyarchenko, Mitya

    2010-01-01

    Let G_0 be a connected unipotent algebraic group over a finite field F_q, and let G be the unipotent group over an algebraic closure F of F_q obtained from G_0 by extension of scalars. If M is a Frobenius-invariant character sheaf on G, we show that M comes from an irreducible perverse sheaf M_0 on G_0, which is pure of weight 0. As M ranges over all Frobenius-invariant character sheaves on G, the functions defined by the corresponding perverse sheaves M_0 form a basis of the space of conjugation-invariant functions on the finite group G_0(F_q), which is orthonormal with respect to the standard unnormalized Hermitian inner product. The matrix relating this basis to the basis formed by irreducible characters of G_0(F_q) is block-diagonal, with blocks corresponding to the L-packets (of characters, or, equivalently, of character sheaves). We also formulate and prove a suitable generalization of this result to the case where G_0 is a possibly disconnected unipotent group over F_q. (In general, Frobenius-invariant...

  15. Storytelling – in our minds and in the classroom : a narratological and didactic analysis of Sherman Alexie’s The Lone Ranger and Tonto fistfight in heaven (1993).

    OpenAIRE

    Dromnes, Tanja

    2010-01-01

    Once upon a time, in a secondary world, long, or not so long ago… This might have been an appropriate introduction to this thesis, reflecting its main concern, namely storytelling. Atlantic Monthly Press claims on the cover of The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven (1993) that Sherman Alexie is a modern mythmaker, and I strongly agree; he is a storyteller with a firm belief in the power of storytelling. They furthermore write that what is explored in The Lone Ranger is the “distan...

  16. Storytelling – in our minds and in the classroom :a narratological and didactic analysis of Sherman Alexie’s The Lone Ranger and Tonto fistfight in heaven (1993).

    OpenAIRE

    Dromnes, Tanja

    2010-01-01

    Once upon a time, in a secondary world, long, or not so long ago… This might have been an appropriate introduction to this thesis, reflecting its main concern, namely storytelling. Atlantic Monthly Press claims on the cover of The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven (1993) that Sherman Alexie is a modern mythmaker, and I strongly agree; he is a storyteller with a firm belief in the power of storytelling. They furthermore write that what is explored in The Lone Ranger is the “distan...

  17. How Flexible Grouping Affects the Collaborative Patterns in a Mobile-Assisted Chinese Character Learning Game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Hsu, Ching-Kun; Sun, Jizhen; Boticki, Ivica

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the impacts of spontaneous student grouping to develop young students' orthographic awareness in the process of learning Chinese characters. A mobile-assisted Chinese character forming game is used to assign each student a Chinese character component on their smartphones through a wireless network. Fifteen Singaporean…

  18. Re-Emphasizing Character Education in Early Childhood Programs: Korean Children's Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Guang-Lea

    2013-01-01

    Character education efforts are influenced by the cultures in which they are implemented. This article describes the character education provided to children in Korea, both in school and at home. The author explores how the Korean early childhood education system strives to ensure positive character development among children. These discussions…

  19. Digital Storytelling for Enhancing Student Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, and Learning Motivation: A Year-Long Experimental Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ya-Ting C.; Wu, Wan-Chi I.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of Digital storytelling (DST) on the academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation of senior high school students learning English as a foreign language. The one-year study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design involving 110 10th grade students in two English…

  20. Beyond Silence and Rumor: Storytelling as an Educational Tool to Reduce the Stigma around HIV/AIDS in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeelen, Jacques; Wijbenga, Hieke; Vintges, Marga; de Jong, Gideon

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the role of a small-scale project around storytelling as a form of informal education in five health clinics in rural areas of the Limpopo Province in South Africa. The aim of the project is to decrease the stigma around HIV/AIDS and to start an open dialogue in local communities about the disease.…

  1. The Impact of Digital Storytelling on EFL Learners' Oracy Skills and Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdorreza Tahriri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of digital storytelling (DST on EFL learners' oracy skills and their motivation towards the use of DST instruction. Thirty intermediate EFL learners were selected based on their performance on an Oxford Placement Test (OPT and were randomly assigned into two groups (one control and one experimental group each containing 15 participants. Three instruments, listening and speaking tests as pre-post tests, and a motivation questionnaire, were utilized to assess the participants’ oracy skills prior to and after the experiment. To analyze the data, Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA were run. According to the findings of the study, DST participants outperformed the control group in terms of oracy skills and motivation after the treatment. The findings highlighted the need for instruction through the implementation of digital software as a vital component of language instruction that is recommended to be taken into consideration in EFL curriculum.Keywords: Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Digital Storytelling, Oracy Skills, Motivation

  2. Seismic echo character northern Hatteras Abyssal Plain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Latest efforts in echo-character mapping of the northern Hatteras Abyssal Plain have discerned variations in thickness in a near-surface sedimentary sequence which has been designated seismic unit A. This unit probably represents the last episode of progradation of the Hatteras Deep Sea Fan in the southern part of the study area, and has infilled probable paleochannels from the Wilmington Canyon and Sohm Gap in the north. Unit A thins to a minimum in the central part of the plain, where older sediments come within 1 meter of the surface. Variations in the character of the surface reflector probably represent differing degrees of microtopography developed on a Late Pleistocene surface overlain by Holocene sediments. With the exception of one area identified as a relict surface outcropping in the western plain, this microtopography seems related to present-day thalweg locations on the abyssal plain. 11 references, 13 figures

  3. Children' s storytelling in the second age group

    OpenAIRE

    Kamnar, Katja

    2013-01-01

    Speech is a complex and intensive process that is being developed from prenatal era till the adulthood. Speech is a very important resource in human life as it serves for the establishment of contacts and communication with the surroundings. Our duty is to provide children optimal environment for the development of speech, guide and encourage them to speak and enable them a variety of activities that encourage verbal and non-verbal communication. In the theoretical part I have presented ...

  4. Introducing Character Animation with Blender

    CERN Document Server

    Mullen, Tony

    2011-01-01

    Introducing Character Animation with Blender, 2nd Edition is written in a friendly but professional tone, with clear descriptions and numerous illustrative screenshots. Throughout the book, tutorials focus on how to accomplish actual animation goals, while illustrating the necessary technical methods along the way. These are reinforced by clear descriptions of how each specific aspect of Blender works and fits together with the rest of the package. By following all the tutorials, the reader will gain all the skills necessary to build and animate a well-modeled, fully-rigged character of their

  5. Character Varieties of Abelian Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Sikora, Adam S.

    2012-01-01

    We prove that for every reductive group G with a maximal torus T and the Weyl group W there is a natural normalization map chi from T^N/W to an irreducible component of the G-character variety of Z^N. We prove that chi is an isomorphism for all classical groups. Additionally, we prove that even though there are no irreducible representations in the above mentioned irreducible component of the character variety for non-abelian G, the tangent spaces to it coincide with H^1(Z...

  6. Writer recognition by characters, words and sentences

    OpenAIRE

    Gehrke, Martin; Steinke, Karl-heinz; Dzido, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The methods developed in the research project "Herbar Digital" are to help plant taxonomists to master the great amount of material of about 3.5 million dried plants on paper sheets belonging to the Botanic Museum Berlin in Germany. Frequently the collector of the plant is unknown. So a procedure had to be developed in order to determine the writer of the handwriting on the sheet. In the present work the static character is transformed into a dynamic form. This is done with the model of an in...

  7. “Just because they’re lies doesn’t mean they’re not true”: Learning and transmission of lies among storytellers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Hartmann

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In diverse rural communities located near the borders separating Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, traditional storytellers known as contadores de causos use lying as a strategy for their performances. Their legitimacy as storytellers greatly depends on the way they utilize this strategy. This article discusses the processes of learning, transmission and reception of lies in this region, where “telling true stories” and “telling lies” are often considered synonymous. During several years of ethnographic observation, it was noted that lying is performatized as a sort of provocation, establishing a game between storytellers and their audiences. Lying must thus be understood from the perspective of situated learning, as the result of a collaborative process that emerges from specific situations and contexts. To better understand the ambiguities, doubts, ironies and games expressed through lying, it is necessary to participate in the storytellers’ “community of practice,” allowing us to learn to listen, tell stories and perhaps even to lie…

  8. Character sheaves on disconnected groups, VIII

    OpenAIRE

    Lusztig, G.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we continue the study of character sheaves on a reductive group G. To each subset of the set of simple reflections in the Weyl group we associate an algebra of the same kind as an Iwahori-Hecke algebra with unequal parameters in terms of parabolic character sheaves. We also prove a Mackey type formula for character sheaves. We define a duality operation for character sheaves. We also prove a quasi-rationality property for character sheaves.

  9. The case for character displacement in plants

    OpenAIRE

    Beans, Carolyn M

    2014-01-01

    The evidence for character displacement as a widespread response to competition is now building. This progress is largely the result of the establishment of rigorous criteria for demonstrating character displacement in the animal literature. There are, however, relatively few well-supported examples of character displacement in plants. This review explores the potential for character displacement in plants by addressing the following questions: (1) Why aren't examples of character displacemen...

  10. DIGITAL STORYTELLING: Kizoa, Animoto, and Photo Story 3

    OpenAIRE

    Yee, Kevin; Hargis, Jace

    2012-01-01

    Educators know that students create better projects when they are personally invested in the material (Brookhart, Bronowicz 2003; McInerney 2008; Braxton 2008). The rewards are particularly significant when students can exercise some degree of creativity in the process of developing their projects (Su 2009). Possibly this is a result of engaging both hemispheres of the brain (Tatar 2009), or otherwise simply a reflection of the human preference to employ creativity in any endeavor, including ...

  11. Moral Character and Student Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flint, Thomas A.

    2012-01-01

    Thirty years after the creation of federal student financial aid programs through the Higher Education Act of 1965, the link between moral character and student financial aid programs is once again influencing the public policy debate. A careful look at the debate, though, shows that the nature of concerns has shifted. In the past, the question…

  12. The Chern-Galois character

    CERN Document Server

    Brzezinski, T; Brzezinski, Tomasz; Hajac, Piotr M.

    2003-01-01

    Following the idea of Galois-type extensions and entwining structures, we define the notion of a principal extension of noncommutative algebras. We show that modules associated to such extensions via finite-dimensional corepresentations are finitely generated projective, and determine an explicit formula for the Chern character applied to the thus obtained modules.

  13. Citizens of Character - The Values and Character Dispositions of 14-16 Year Olds in the Hodge Hill Constituency

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur, James; Harding, Robert; Godfrey, Ray

    2009-01-01

    Citizens of Character explores the attitudes, dispositions, and values of 14-16 year old students in a particular urban environment - the six schools of the Hodge Hill constituency in Birmingham - and the extent to which the education system and the local environment advance or inhibit their sense of self, their values and their character development. These students constituted a heterogeneous group of religious and non-religious individuals. This project goes beyond the normal explo...

  14. Pema’s Tale: Intercultural Communication as Storytelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Rose

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intercultural communication is typically conceptualized in terms of business-oriented models that focus on the binary differences between cultural groups. Beginning with Edward Hall, the foundational premise is that the basis of effective communication with people of cultures other than our own is a thorough understanding of the disparities between cultural groups. This paper argues that intercultural communication should entail not merely the business-like, efficient exchange of information with different others but the crucial development of a feeling of connection and an appreciation for diverse ways of being in the world. Building upon the work of Jerome Bruner, it further suggests that the focus on dissimilarities which traditional models enforce obscures a true understanding of how intercultural communications can be enabled by a fundamental similarity: the human impulse to make sense of the world through narrative.

  15. Story-Telling for Science: One Scientist's Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alley, R. B.

    2014-12-01

    Science is the most successful way humans have developed to understand the world, and application of the knowledge gained has been essential in allowing a few million hunter-gatherers become a few billion grower-builders. Yet, at least anecdotally, there is a growing tendency for many people to reject science without knowing what they are rejecting, and the ranks of scientists are thinned by having so many students arrive at our universities neither prepared to study science nor open to the possibility of doing so. This growing gap represents a growing opportunity for scientists to use their expertise in the service of humanity. Based on my experience, the biggest requirement for scientists to do so is simply to engage, but engagement is more successful in teamwork with experienced communicators and unexpected voices, and using narrative and history.

  16. Topographic Feature Extraction for Bengali and Hindi Character Images

    CERN Document Server

    Bag, Soumen; 10.5121/sipij.2011.2215

    2011-01-01

    Feature selection and extraction plays an important role in different classification based problems such as face recognition, signature verification, optical character recognition (OCR) etc. The performance of OCR highly depends on the proper selection and extraction of feature set. In this paper, we present novel features based on the topography of a character as visible from different viewing directions on a 2D plane. By topography of a character we mean the structural features of the strokes and their spatial relations. In this work we develop topographic features of strokes visible with respect to views from different directions (e.g. North, South, East, and West). We consider three types of topographic features: closed region, convexity of strokes, and straight line strokes. These features are represented as a shape-based graph which acts as an invariant feature set for discriminating very similar type characters efficiently. We have tested the proposed method on printed and handwritten Bengali and Hindi...

  17. Karaktersterktes herontdek in die sielkunde / Character strengths rediscovered in psychology

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Chrizanne, van Eeden; Marié P., Wissing.

    Full Text Available In this article, we analyze the constructs "character" and "character strengths" as important concepts in psychology in general and positive psychology in particular. The character concept has had a long history in psychology since the 1920's, but lost its theoretical and empirical importance some d [...] ecades thereafter in favour of the concept of personality. The (moral-philosophical) concept "character" has evaded empirical scrutiny in the early years of psychology as a discipline and this has led to its exclusion from mainstream psychology. The emerging perspective of positive psychology however, has resurrected the character concept and operationalized it in terms of character strengths. The character strengths model of Peterson and Seligman (2004), introduces 24 manifestations of character, clustered into six groups of virtues namely, wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance and transcendence. Peterson and Seligman (2004), developed the Values in Action Classification of Strengths as a system in which distinctions are made between virtues, strengths and enabling themes. Virtues are core characteristics valued by moral philosophers universally and strengths are less abstract psychological characteristics that serve as routes for achieving virtues. Enabling themes are factors that lead people to manifest given character strengths in given situations and hence contribute to virtues. Talents and abilities (e.g. intelligence) and characteristics not valued across cultures, were excluded from the classification system (Carr, 2004). The 24 strengths associated with 6 virtues can be assessed with the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) or the VIA-IS for youth (VIA-Y), both self report questionnaires. The VIA-IS can be accessed at http://www.positive-psychology.org/viastrengthsinventory.htm. The character strength subscales of the VIA-IS all have good reliability in USA-studies, and the inventory is in further validation. The character strengths idea plays an important role in the new domain of positive psychology, and holds much promise for practice and research aimed at understanding and promoting psychological well-being and fulfilment of individuals and communities. According to Peterson and Seligman (2004), their research found a remarkable similarity in the relative endorsement of the 24 character strengths by adults around the world and from the USA. The most commonly endorsed strengths in 54 countries are kindness, fairness, authenticity, gratitude and open-mindedness, and the lesser strengths consistently include prudence, modesty and self-regulation. The correlations of the rankings from nation to nation, are strong (0.80+), - indicating more cultural, ethnic, religious and economic similarities than differences, and seemingly points to a universality of human nature as manifested by character strengths. In South Africa however, a more emic factor pattern emerged indicating an African collective-cultural system. Further research on this model and validation of measures thereof, is necessary in the South African context that includes cultural diversities not previously taken into account. As far as practical application is concerned the character strengths model could enhance the practice fields of developmental- and child psychology, clinical- and therapeutic psychology, educational psychology, industrial- and organizational psychology, health psychology, geriatric psychology, forensic psychology, pastoral- and community psychology and social psychology. Of the three pillars of positive psychology namely, positive subjective experiences (happiness, pleasure, gratification, fulfilment); positive individual traits (strengths of character, talents, interests, values) and positive institutions (families, schools, businesses, communities, societies) (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000), the second one presents the application context for the development and enhancement of character strengths. Constructs included in the character strengths model, for example gratitude, hope, self-

  18. Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    HØybye, Mette Terp; Johansen, Christoffer

    2005-01-01

    The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

  19. HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., MELO; O., MALASPINA; J. A. F., DINIZ-FILHO.

    Full Text Available In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9). This method was modified to [...] eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet) to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet).

  20. HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. MELO

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9. This method was modified to eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet.

  1. RECOGNITION OF ARABIC CHARACTERS AND FONTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ILHAM CHAKER,

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a method for recognizing Arabic characters and fonts. This method is based on a retrieval procedure using a dissimilarity measure characterizing the character to be recognized. This dissimilarity measure is calculated on the basis of some polygonal attributes extracting from a polygonal approximation of the character. These attributes are insensitive to the size of the character, its orientation and its translation. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by a set of tests made on a database of characters combining 10 classes of fonts of Arabic characters that are mostly used.

  2. Character customization in video games as symbolic consumption - how characters are customized

    OpenAIRE

    Mertsalmi, Juhani

    2010-01-01

    Objective of the study The objective of this study is to develop an understanding of how symbolic consumption takes place in video games as video game players customize their character. In real life products serve as symbols of their consumers and help consumers locate themselves in the society, but to this date the consumption in video games has not been studied largely. One recognized way to use customization is to display one’s favorite brands. Existing studies based on other types o...

  3. Recognition of isolated handprinted characters

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Bo

    1996-01-01

    Handprinted characters are of unequal complexity and a common description of all alphabet symbols seems therefore unobtainable. However, letters which confuse human beings and man-made OCR systems usually have approximately the same appearance and may therefore be modeled jointly. We part the set of bitmaps into types, where each type has its unique feature space. The bitmaps belonging to some types are modeled independently from bitmaps belonging to other types. The feature vector of a bitma...

  4. Agreement on the perception of moral character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helzer, Erik G; Furr, R Michael; Hawkins, Ashley; Barranti, Maxwell; Blackie, Laura E R; Fleeson, William

    2014-12-01

    This study tested for inter-judge agreement on moral character. A sample of students and community members rated their own moral character using a measure that tapped six moral character traits. Friends, family members, and/or acquaintances rated these targets on the same traits. Self/other and inter-informant agreement was found at the trait level for both a general character factor and for residual variance explained by individual moral character traits, as well as at the individual level (judges agreed on targets' "moral character profiles"). Observed inter-judge agreement constitutes evidence for the existence of moral character, and raises questions about the nature of moral character traits. PMID:25326476

  5. The character sheaves on the group compactification

    OpenAIRE

    He, Xuhua

    2005-01-01

    We give a definition of character sheaves on the group compactification which is equivalent to Lusztig's definition in \\cite{L3}. We also prove some properties of the character sheaves on the group compactification.

  6. Character sheaves on disconnected groups, VII

    OpenAIRE

    Lusztig, G.

    2004-01-01

    We define and study convolution of parabolic character sheaves. As an application we attach to any parabolic character sheaf the orbit of a tame local system on the maximal torus under a subgroup of the Weyl group.

  7. Character varieties of mutative 3--manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Tillmann, Stephan

    2003-01-01

    We describe a birational map between subvarieties in the character varieties of mutative 3-manifolds. By studying the birational map, one can decide in certain circumstances whether a mutation surface is detected by an ideal point of the character variety.

  8. Seafloor character--Offshore of Bolinas, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents the seafloor-character map Offshore of Bolinas, California (raster data file is included in "SeafloorCharacter_OffshoreBolinas.zip,"...

  9. Artificial Neural Network Based Optical Character Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Vivek Shrivastava; Navdeep Sharma

    2012-01-01

    Optical Character Recognition deals in recognition and classification of characters from an image. For the recognition to be accurate, certain topological and geometrical properties are calculated, based on which a character is classified and recognized. Also, the Human psychology perceives characters by its overall shape and features such as strokes, curves, protrusions, enclosures etc. These properties, also called Features are extracted from the image by means of spatial ...

  10. RECOGNITION OF ARABIC CHARACTERS AND FONTS

    OpenAIRE

    ILHAM CHAKER,; MOSTAFA HARTI,; HASSAN QJIDAH,; RACHID BENSLIMANE

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a method for recognizing Arabic characters and fonts. This method is based on a retrieval procedure using a dissimilarity measure characterizing the character to be recognized. This dissimilarity measure is calculated on the basis of some polygonal attributes extracting from a polygonal approximation of the character. These attributes are insensitive to the size of the character, its orientation and its translation. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated...

  11. The nuclear fuel rod character recognition system based on neural network technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear fuel rods should be discriminated and managed systematically by numeric characters which are printed at the end part of each rod in the process of producing fuel assembly. The characters are used to examine manufacturing process of the fuel rods in the inspection process of irradiated fuel rod. Therefore automatic character recognition is one of the most important technologies to establish automatic manufacturing process of fuel assembly. In the developed character recognition system, mesh feature set extracted from each character written in the fuel rod is employed to train a neural network based on back-propagation algorithm as a classifier for character recognition system. Performance evaluation has been achieved on a test set which is not included in a training character set. (author)

  12. Is There a Place for Character Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creasy, Kim L.

    2008-01-01

    Recent trends in school curricula place a heavy focus on the improvement of basic skills test scores. As a result, the role of character education has been diminished. This article provides a rationale for the incorporation of a character education program within the school curricula, a working definition of character education, and the role of…

  13. Exploring Good Character and Citizenship in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, James; Harrison, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Citizenship, character and the virtues that constitute both are increasingly concerns of public policy in the UK. This article understands character to encompass the morally valuable, reason-response and education part of personality, and understands virtues as states of character concerned with praiseworthy feelings and conduct in specific…

  14. Character induction in p-groups

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa L. Santa Coloma

    1986-01-01

    Let G be a finite p-group and let χ be an irreducible character of G. Then χ is monomial; that is, χ=λG, where λ is a linear character of some subgroup of G. We are interested in locating subgroups of G which induce the character χ.

  15. 47 CFR 10.430 - Character limit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Character limit. 10.430 Section 10.430...Alert Message Requirements § 10.430 Character limit. A CMAS Alert Message processed...Participating CMS Provider must not exceed 90 characters of alphanumeric...

  16. Representation and character theory in 2-categories

    OpenAIRE

    Ganter, Nora; Kapranov, Mikhail

    2006-01-01

    We define the character of a group representation in a 2-category C. For linear C, this notion yields a Hopkins-Kuhn-Ravenel type character theory defined on pairs of commuting elements of the group. We discuss some examples and prove a formula for the character of the induced representation.

  17. Multimedia storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linder, C. A.; Wilbert, M.; Holmes, R. M.

    2010-12-01

    Multimedia video presentations, which integrate still photographs with video clips, audio interviews, ambient sounds, and music, are an effective and engaging way to tell science stories. In July 2009, Linder joined professors and undergraduates on an expedition to the Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia. This IPY science project, called The Polaris Project (http://www.thepolarisproject.org), is an undergraduate research experience where students and faculty work together to increase our understanding of climate change impacts, including thawing permafrost, in this remote corner of the world. During the summer field season, Linder conducted dozens of interviews, captured over 20,000 still photographs and hours of ambient audio and video clips. Following the 2009 expedition, Linder blended this massive archive of visual and audio information into a 10-minute overview video and five student vignettes. In 2010, Linder again traveled to Siberia as part of the Polaris Project, this time mentoring an environmental journalism student who will lead the production of a video about the 2010 field season. Using examples from the Polaris productions, we will present tips, tools, and techniques for creating compelling multimedia science stories.

  18. The Public Library and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Storyteller-in-Residence Program of the Cape Breton Regional Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Urbaniak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In June 2011, the Cape Breton Regional Library Board appointed Ken Chisholm as its Storyteller-in-Residence, the first such appointment for a public library system in Nova Scotia. The board was also one of the first public bodies in Canada to make a program decision that specifically cited the UNESCO Convention on the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The part-time position was created following local and external research and consultations, and the establishment of a formal selection and advisory process. This article briefly highlights the other “library laureate” programs that were studied and presents an overview of the process adopted by the Cape Breton Regional Library. The Storyteller-in-Residence is a permanent program, although the successful candidate is named to a two-year term. The Storyteller-in-Residence helps communities to preserve memories and oral traditions, serves as an ambassador for the library, and assists with activities in the library’s 13 branches and two bookmobiles.

  19. Teaching Virtual Characters to use Body Language

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Doron; Gillies, Marco

    2005-01-01

    Non-verbal communication, or “body language”, is a critical component in constructing believable virtual characters. Most often, body language is implemented by a set of ad-hoc rules.We propose a new method for authors to specify and refine their character’s body-language responses. Using our method, the author watches the character acting in a situation, and provides simple feedback on-line. The character then learns to use its body language to maximize the rewards, based on a reinforc...

  20. Body Language Advanced 3D Character Rigging

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, Eric; Fong, Jared; Sidwell, Adam G

    2011-01-01

    Whether you're a professional Character TD or just like to create 3D characters, this detailed guide reveals the techniques you need to create sophisticated 3D character rigs that range from basic to breathtaking. Packed with step-by-step instructions and full-color illustrations, Body Language walks you through rigging techniques for all the body parts to help you create realistic and believable movements in every character you design. You'll learn advanced rigging concepts that involve MEL scripting and advanced deformation techniques and even how to set up a character pipeline.

  1. Equivariance of generalized Chern characters

    CERN Document Server

    Torii, Takeshi

    2009-01-01

    In this note some generalization of the Chern character is discussed from the chromatic point of view. We construct a multiplicative G_{n+1}-equivariant natural transformation \\Theta from some height (n+1) cohomology theory E^*(-) to the height n cohomology theory K^*(-)\\hat{\\otimes}_F L, where K^*(-) is essentially the n-th Morava K-theory. As a corollary, it is shown that the G_n-module K^*(X) can be recovered from the G_{n+1}-module E^*(X). We also construct a lift of \\Theta to a natural transformation between characteristic zero cohomology theories.

  2. Marvel and DC Characters Inspired by Arachnids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elidiomar Ribeiro Da-Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article compares arachnid-based Marvel and DC comics characters. The composition of a comic book character often has interesting ‘real-life’ influences. Given the strong connection between arachnids (especially spiders, scorpions and mites, all belonging to the zoological class Arachnida and human beings it is not surprising that they have inspired many fictional characters.We recorded 84 Marvel Comics characters and 40 DC Comics characters, detailed in the dataset that accompanies the article (Da-Silva 2014. Most characters have been created recently, since the 1990s. Marvel has significantly more arachnid characters than DC. As for taxonomic classification, the characters were based mostly on spiders (zoological order Araneae. Of the total characters, the majority are human beings, but an overwhelming number have at least some typical arachnid features. Villains (60.91% of total are significantly more numerous, considering the sum of the two publishers. Arachnids have bad reputation for being dangerous (Thorp and Woodson 1976; Ruppert and Barnes 1996. Since the public usually considers spiders, scorpions and mites “harmful” in general, we expected a larger contingent of villains. However, there was no statistical difference between the amount of villains and heroes in Marvel characters. It did not happen probably due to the success of one character: the Amazing Spider-Man.

  3. Kannada character recognition system using neural network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Suresh D. S.; Kamalapuram, Srinivasa K.; Kumar, Ajay B. R.

    2013-03-01

    Handwriting recognition has been one of the active and challenging research areas in the field of pattern recognition. It has numerous applications which include, reading aid for blind, bank cheques and conversion of any hand written document into structural text form. As there is no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 15 major scripts in India. In this paper an attempt is made to recognize handwritten Kannada characters using Feed Forward neural networks. A handwritten Kannada character is resized into 20x30 Pixel. The resized character is used for training the neural network. Once the training process is completed the same character is given as input to the neural network with different set of neurons in hidden layer and their recognition accuracy rate for different Kannada characters has been calculated and compared. The results show that the proposed system yields good recognition accuracy rates comparable to that of other handwritten character recognition systems.

  4. Extract an essential skeleton of a character as a graph from a character image

    OpenAIRE

    Fujita, Kazuhisa

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to make a graph representing an essential skeleton of a character from an image that includes a machine printed or a handwritten character using the growing neural gas (GNG) method and the relative neighborhood graph (RNG) algorithm. The visual system in our brain can recognize printed characters and handwritten characters easily, robustly, and precisely. How can our brains robustly recognize characters? In the visual processing in our brain, essential featur...

  5. Extending Characters on Fix Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Wagner, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    A dynamical system is a triple $(A,G,\\alpha)$, consisting of a unital locally convex algebra $A$, a topological group $G$ and a group homomorphism $\\alpha:G\\rightarrow\\Aut(A)$, which induces a continuous action of $G$ on $A$. Further, a unital locally convex algebra $A$ is called continuous inverse algebra, or CIA for short, if its group of units $A^{\\times}$ is open in $A$ and the inversion $\\iota:A^{\\times}\\rightarrow A^{\\times},\\,\\,\\,a\\mapsto a^{-1}$ is continuous at $1_A$. For a compact manifold $M$, the Fr\\'echet algebra of smooth functions $C^{\\infty}(M)$ is the prototype of such a continuous inverse algebra. We show that if $A$ is a complete commutative CIA, $G$ a compact group and $(A,G,\\alpha)$ a dynamical system, then each character of $B:=A^G$ can be extended to a character of $A$. In particular, the natural map on the level of the corresponding spectra $\\Gamma_A\\rightarrow\\Gamma_B$, $\\chi\\mapsto\\chi_{\\mid B}$ is surjective.

  6. Optical character recognition of handwritten Arabic using hidden Markov models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aulama, Mohannad M. [University of Jordan; Natsheh, Asem M. [University of Jordan; Abandah, Gheith A. [University of Jordan; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    The problem of optical character recognition (OCR) of handwritten Arabic has not received a satisfactory solution yet. In this paper, an Arabic OCR algorithm is developed based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) combined with the Viterbi algorithm, which results in an improved and more robust recognition of characters at the sub-word level. Integrating the HMMs represents another step of the overall OCR trends being currently researched in the literature. The proposed approach exploits the structure of characters in the Arabic language in addition to their extracted features to achieve improved recognition rates. Useful statistical information of the Arabic language is initially extracted and then used to estimate the probabilistic parameters of the mathematical HMM. A new custom implementation of the HMM is developed in this study, where the transition matrix is built based on the collected large corpus, and the emission matrix is built based on the results obtained via the extracted character features. The recognition process is triggered using the Viterbi algorithm which employs the most probable sequence of sub-words. The model was implemented to recognize the sub-word unit of Arabic text raising the recognition rate from being linked to the worst recognition rate for any character to the overall structure of the Arabic language. Numerical results show that there is a potentially large recognition improvement by using the proposed algorithms.

  7. La Narración oral: Alternativa para el desarrollo de una experiencia educativa con perspectivas de género / The oral Storytelling: An alternative for the development of an educational experience with gender perspectives / A Narrativa oral: Alternativa para o desenvolvimento de uma experiência educativa com perspectivas de gênero

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marianela Rosa, Peña Lora.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho explica o caráter de experiência pedagógica realizada na Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, em referência à criação de uma Cátedra de Oralidade com enfoque de gênero, que tem como objetivo contribuir com a gestão e desenvolvimento de práticas e processos sociai [...] s de caráter educativo/comunicacional e os processos formativos que dele se derivam; assim como desenvolver uma reflexão crítica sobre o papel da mulher na experiência narrativa da vida cotidiana e no resgate da palavra em diferentes contextos educativos e socioculturais. Naimplementação da Cátedra, organizada nas Áreas de Desenvolvimento: "História da Universidade de Ciências Médicas"; "A narrativa oral e a relação interdisciplinar"; "A medicina narrativa"; "A narração oral como arte e conduta expressivo-comunicativa", a transversalidade do enfoque de gênero aparece como uma estratégia metodológica que desde uma apresentação sistêmica vislumbra todo o processo educativo que possibilita o desenvolvimento das habilidades básicas do pensamento e comunicação baseadas na narração oral. Na conclusão se expressa como o êxito destes objetivos transcorreram, por um conjunto de atividades nas esferas da docência, pesquisa e extensão, em que além de abordar os aspectos teóricos, se realizou uma reflexão compartilhada como construção e experiência sociocultural que permitiu uma troca de saberes, experiências e participação por meio da narração oral, a qual se projetou como espaço aberto para a aprendizagem, experiência essencialmente humana e estratégia para a pesquisa. Abstract in spanish El trabajo que se presenta explica el carácter de la experiencia pedagógica realizada en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, referida a la creación de una Cátedra de Oralidad con enfoque de género, que tiene como objetivo contribuir a la gestión y desarrollo de prácticas y proces [...] os sociales de carácter educativo/comunicacional y a los procesos formativos que de ello se derivan, así como desarrollar una reflexión crítica sobre el papel de la mujer en la experiencia narrativa de la vida cotidiana y en el rescate de la palabra en diferentes contextos educativos y socioculturales. En la implementación de la cátedra, organizada en áreas de desarrollo: "Historia de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas"; "La narrativa oral y la relación interdisciplinaria"; "La medicina narrativa"; "La narración oral como arte y conducta ex-presivo-comunicativa", la transversali-dad del enfoque de género aparece como una estrategia metodológica que desde un planteamiento sistémico vislumbra todo el proceso educativo que posibilita el desarrollo de las habilidades básicas del pensamiento y comunicación basadas en la narración oral. En las conclusiones se expresa cómo el logro de estos objetivos ha transcurrido por un conjunto de actividades en las esferas de la docencia, investigación y extensión, donde además de abordar los aspectos teóricos, se ha realizado una reflexión compartida como construcción y experiencia sociocultural que permitió un intercambio de saberes, experiencias y participación a través de la narración oral, la cual se ha proyectado como espacio abierto para el aprendizaje, experiencia esencialmente humana y estrategia para la investigación. Abstract in english The work presented here explains the nature of teaching experience in the University of Medical Sciences of Santiago de Cuba, referring to the creation of an orality official chair with a focus on gender. It aimed to contribute to the management and development of practices and social processes of e [...] ducation/communication and the educational processes resulting from this; as well as develop a critical reflection on the role of women in the narrative experience of everyday life and in the rescue of the word in different educational and sociocultural contexts. During the implementation of the official Chairs organized by the development fields: "History o

  8. CT characters versus morphopathological characters in pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bratu, Ana Magdalena; S?lcianu, Iulia Alecsandra; Cristian, Daniel Alin; Zaharia, Constantin; Mateescu, Garofi?a Olivia; Matei, Marius; Berte?teanu, ?erban Vifor Gabriel; Lic?, Gabriela; Niculescu, Elena Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a rare neoplasm, whose incidence increases with age. Computed tomography (CT) imaging is an easy way to explore the pharyngeal region, having the advantage of being able to highlight and characterize the existence of a tumor in this region, and to determine its local extension and lymphatic metastasis. In this group were included a total of 27 patients, who, following the histopathological findings were diagnosed with pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and who have previously received a CT scan. CT examination protocol included a native scan and post-intravenous administration of contrast medium, in both the arterial phase and in parenchymal and venous phase. The scan was made with 2 mm thin sections, subsequently were performed coronal and sagittal reconstructions. The examination plan included the thoracic region down to the aperture. The paper tries to establish correlations between the morphological appearance and semiological computed tomography characters of the lesions. PMID:25826506

  9. A Comparison and Research on the Sino-U.S Character Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baoren Su

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Character education seeks to develop virtue—human excellence—as the foundation of a purposeful, productive, and fulfilling life and a just, compassionate, and flourishing society. This study was taken in view of the growing importance of character education in P.R.China and United States. Significant differences and similarities were found in mechanism and perceptions about character education in these two countries. The underlying reasons that may account for such differences are discussed extensively.

  10. Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    E. K. Vellingiriraj; P.BALASUBRAMANIE

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM). The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1) image acquisition module, 2) image preprocessing module, 3) feature extraction module, 4) character recognition module, and 5) display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unknown input character from a u...

  11. Recognition of isolated handprinted characters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martins, Bo

    1996-01-01

    Handprinted characters are of unequal complexity and a common description of all alphabet symbols seems therefore unobtainable. However, letters which confuse human beings and man-made OCR systems usually have approximately the same appearance and may therefore be modeled jointly. We part the set of bitmaps into types, where each type has its unique feature space. The bitmaps belonging to some types are modeled independently from bitmaps belonging to other types. The feature vector of a bitmap initially constitutes a lossy representation of the contour(s) of the bitmap. The initial feature space is usually too large but can be reduced automatically by the use of a predictive code length or predictive error criterion

  12. Novel methods to collect meaningful data from adolescents for the development of health interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hieftje, Kimberly; Duncan, Lindsay R; Fiellin, Lynn E

    2014-09-01

    Health interventions are increasingly focused on young adolescents, and as a result, discussions with this population have become a popular method in qualitative research. Traditional methods used to engage adults in discussions do not translate well to this population, who may have difficulty conceptualizing abstract thoughts and opinions and communicating them to others. As part of a larger project to develop and evaluate a video game for risk reduction and HIV prevention in young adolescents, we were seeking information and ideas from the priority audience that would help us create authentic story lines and character development in the video game. To accomplish this authenticity, we conducted in-depth interviews and focus groups with young adolescents aged 10 to 15 years and employed three novel methods: Storytelling Using Graphic Illustration, My Life, and Photo Feedback Project. These methods helped provide a thorough understanding of the adolescents' experiences and perspectives regarding their environment and future aspirations, which we translated into active components of the video game intervention. This article describes the processes we used and the valuable data we generated using these three engaging methods. These three activities are effective tools for eliciting meaningful data from young adolescents for the development of health interventions. PMID:24519998

  13. Character strengths of adolescent survivors of childhood cancer

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tharina, Guse; Gloria, Eracleous.

    Full Text Available There is increased interest in possible positive outcomes for survivors of childhood cancer. This study investigated the manifestation of character strengths in adolescents who have survived cancer compared to that seen in healthy adolescents. The aim was to establish whether specific character stre [...] ngths may be more prominent in adolescents who have survived cancer than in healthy adolescents. Two groups of participants, consisting of adolescents who have survived childhood cancer (n = 21) and a group of healthy adolescents (n = 21), were obtained through convenience sampling. They completed the Values in Action Inventory for Youth (VIA-Youth) (Park & Peterson 2006) as a measure of character strengths. No significant differences were found between the character strengths of adolescents who have survived cancer and their healthy peers, unlike the findings of a similar earlier study with adults (Peterson, Park & Seligman 2006). It is concluded that the experience of serious illness such as cancer neither hindered nor enhanced the development of character strengths in this group of adolescent survivors. More research is needed to understand positive psychological functioning in the aftermath of childhood cancer.

  14. The Uncanny Valley and Nonverbal Communication in Virtual Characters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tinwell, Angela; Grimshaw, Mark Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of a current research project investigating the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in realistic, human-like virtual characters. !e research methods used in this Work include a retrospective of both empirical studies and philosophical writings on the Uncanny. No other research has explored the notion that realistic, human-like, virtual characters are regarded less favorably due to a perceived diminished degree of responsiveness in facial expression, specifically, nonverbal communication (NVC) in the upper face region. So far, this research project has provided the first empirical evidence to test the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in the domain of animated video game characters with speech, as opposed to just still, unresponsive images, as used in previous studies. Based on the results of these experiments, a conceptual framework of the Uncanny Valley in virtual characters has been authored to allow developers to design either for or against the uncanny for antipathetic or empathetic-type characters. This research is relevant to embodied conversational agents used in a wider context such as therapeutic and e-learning applications and has an outreach to the disciplines of psychology, social psychology, game studies, animation and graphics, and human computer interaction.

  15. Character localization and recognition application for Smartphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snehal Charjan, R. V. Mante, P. N. Chatur

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Smart Phones have Internet access anywhere. The automatic text localization and recognition of text within a natural image is very useful for many problems. Once identified, the text can be used for many purposes. User can get current information about the product, place or boards. More exciting applications can be developed over the text extraction method with a high performance while also being computationally inexpensive. There are various methods proposed for Text Localization, text area segmentation, sign recognition and translation, Optical Character Recognition. In this paper we have described these methods. We have also compared all methods on the basis of performance and accuracy. Finally we concluded some good methods for Smartphone OCR application.

  16. Inferring character from faces: a developmental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogsdill, Emily J; Todorov, Alexander T; Spelke, Elizabeth S; Banaji, Mahzarin R

    2014-05-01

    Human adults attribute character traits to faces readily and with high consensus. In two experiments investigating the development of face-to-trait inference, adults and children ages 3 through 10 attributed trustworthiness, dominance, and competence to pairs of faces. In Experiment 1, the attributions of 3- to 4-year-olds converged with those of adults, and 5- to 6-year-olds' attributions were at adult levels of consistency. Children ages 3 and above consistently attributed the basic mean/nice evaluation not only to faces varying in trustworthiness (Experiment 1) but also to faces varying in dominance and competence (Experiment 2). This research suggests that the predisposition to judge others using scant facial information appears in adultlike forms early in childhood and does not require prolonged social experience. PMID:24570261

  17. Visual storytelling in 2D and stereoscopic 3D video: effect of blur on visual attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huynh-Thu, Quan; Vienne, Cyril; Blondé, Laurent

    2013-03-01

    Visual attention is an inherent mechanism that plays an important role in the human visual perception. As our visual system has limited capacity and cannot efficiently process the information from the entire visual field, we focus our attention on specific areas of interest in the image for detailed analysis of these areas. In the context of media entertainment, the viewers' visual attention deployment is also influenced by the art of visual storytelling. To this date, visual editing and composition of scenes in stereoscopic 3D content creation still mostly follows those used in 2D. In particular, out-of-focus blur is often used in 2D motion pictures and photography to drive the viewer's attention towards a sharp area of the image. In this paper, we study specifically the impact of defocused foreground objects on visual attention deployment in stereoscopic 3D content. For that purpose, we conducted a subjective experiment using an eyetracker. Our results bring more insights on the deployment of visual attention in stereoscopic 3D content viewing, and provide further understanding on visual attention behavior differences between 2D and 3D. Our results show that a traditional 2D scene compositing approach such as the use of foreground blur does not necessarily produce the same effect on visual attention deployment in 2D and 3D. Implications for stereoscopic content creation and visual fatigue are discussed.

  18. Attitudes of the Students Studying at Kafkas University Private Primary EFL Classroom towards Storytelling and Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gencer Elk?l?ç

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to determine their motivation for learning English as a foreign language;their preferred learning activities; and, in particular, their attitudes towards learningEnglish through the medium of storytelling, a questionnaire was administered to 21students from the 4th year of Kafkas University private primary school in Kars, Turkey.The results show that both story telling and grammar were perceived as very enjoyableby a majority of the participants, 71.43% and 52.38% respectively. Audio and visualteaching aids and comprehension questions were found to make a substantialcontribution towards facilitating understanding of the stories. The participantsdemonstrated various types of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation towards learningEnglish, in particular the belief that English would be useful, in some unspecified way,in the future (52.38% of respondents. The most popular learning activities were foundto be first language games, second acting out the stories, and third the storiesthemselves. The least popular learning activities were found to be tests and writing.However, 47.62% of participants specified that they did not dislike any of their learningactivities. The pedagogical implications of the findings are discussed.

  19. RECOGNITION OF OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN ISOLATED URDU CHARACTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imran Khan Pathan, Abdulbari Ahmed Ali and Ramteke R.J.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an approach for recognition of offline handwritten isolated Urdu character based on Invariant Moments. Handwritten Urdu character recognition is lagging behind due to segmentation dilemma and complexity of Urdu letter writing. An attempt is made to apply Moment Invariant technique followed by Primary and secondary component separation. The Urdu letters were grouped into single component and multi-component characters. If letter is multi-component then Secondary component were separated from primary component. SVM is adopted for classification and position of secondary component (Above, Below and middle is considered for recognition. For each of 46 characters 200 image samples were used for training and 600 for testing respectively. In this manner overall 36800 handwritten characters were used to apply the technique. Overall performance rate is found to be 93.59% for all offline handwritten isolated Urdu characters. It is possible to enhance the accuracy of system by combining more structural and statistical features.

  20. Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoping Yu

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

  1. Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoping Yu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

  2. Cohomological Hall algebras and character varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Davison, Ben

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the relationship between twisted and untwisted character varieties via a specific instance of the Cohomological Hall algebra for moduli of objects in 3-Calabi-Yau categories introduced by Kontsevich and Soibelman. In terms of Donaldson--Thomas theory, this relationship is completely understood via the calculations of Hausel and Villegas of the E polynomials of twisted character varieties and untwisted character stacks. We present a conjectural lift of this relationship to the cohomological Hall algebra setting.

  3. Variability in seed characters of Tinospora cordifolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjali K Sharma

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tinospora cordifolia, commonly known as Guduchi is a glabrous, deciduous climber which belongs to family Menispermaceae. Fruit is drupe,   ovoid, glossy and red. Investigation was carried out to know the extent of variability in  seed characters of 22 female accessions of T. cordifolia. Based on two years observations it was found wide  variability   of seed shape, seed surface pattern, seed size and condyle size existed among the accessions and these characters were found stable. Hence it is concluded that seed characters can be used for the characterization of accessions in T. cordifolia germplasm and these characters can be used in   DUS descriptors of the species.

  4. Lossy coding scheme of binary character patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimoto, Tadahiko; Tanimoto, Masayuki

    1995-04-01

    To transmit facsimile images through a very low bit-rate channel such as the half-rate mobile channel, a very efficient coding scheme for data compression is required. Lossy coding is expected to perform more data reduction than that achieved by the conventional lossless coding schemes. This paper discusses approximate representation of scanned character patterns for data reduction. First, the quality of character patterns is considered in terms of the size of patterns. According to this consideration, the attributes of scanned character patterns and the quality associated with them are assumed. For preserving quality under approximation, a character pattern is described by a set of strokes in tree data structure.

  5. Getting Back on Track: The Importance of Play and Storytelling in Young Children’s Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Gussin Paley

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this interview, Vivian Paley describes how her curiosity and love of young children led her to work in early childhood education. She shares some of her own learning experiences with children that eventually resulted in her writing 13 books. As children go to school earlier, there is less and less time for play. This dramatic play and re-enactment is critical for children and constitutes an "original level playing field" in classrooms with wide diversity in culture and language. Finally, she explains that the most important characteristic of an excellent early childhood teacher is that of valuing kindness, in order to create a classroom that is fair and inclusive.

  6. Getting Back on Track: The Importance of Play and Storytelling in Young Children’s Development

    OpenAIRE

    Vivian Gussin Paley

    2013-01-01

    In this interview, Vivian Paley describes how her curiosity and love of young children led her to work in early childhood education. She shares some of her own learning experiences with children that eventually resulted in her writing 13 books. As children go to school earlier, there is less and less time for play. This dramatic play and re-enactment is critical for children and constitutes an "original level playing field" in classrooms with wide diversity in culture and language. Finally, s...

  7. Developing Cultural Responsiveness in Environmental Design Students through Digital Storytelling and Photovoice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, Debra Flanders; Love, Emily Wexler

    2013-01-01

    As the Latino population in the United States grows, it will become increasingly important for undergraduate students in environmental design and related disciplines to become more culturally responsive and learn how to understand and address challenges faced by population groups, such as Latino youth. To this end, we involved environmental…

  8. Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. K. Vellingiriraj, P. Balasubramanie

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM. The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1 image acquisition module, 2 image preprocessing module, 3 feature extraction module, 4 character recognition module, and 5 display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unknown input character from a user. Second, the input image is transformed into a suitable image for the feature extraction module. Third, the system extracts character features from the image. There are 3 main features of Tamil characters which are stroke, loop and location of loop and stroke connection. Fourth, the extracted character information is kept in the form of bits string chromosome in a genetic algorithm. Finally, the system displays the best fitness chromosome for the recognition result.

  9. The Character of the “Albasta” in the Folk Prose of Turkic Peoples: Genesis. Typology. Metamorphosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seit Askarovich Kaskabasov

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is the consideration of the appearance of the character of the “Albasta”, methods of its of research/strengthening as a character in the folklore of Turkic peoples. The comparison of functions of the character, what is composing the basis of hikayas (folklore genre which means a fact or a true story as well as their consonance with folk beliefs determine the basis task of the article. During the research it was revealed that the character of the “Albasta” is characterized by signs of metamorphosis, integration with other demonological characters as well as it has not only general, but also distinctive features in accordance with the traditions of ethnogenesis. Demonological perception of the character of the “Albasta” is important elements of animistic worldview of not only Turkic peoples, but also of other peoples of the world, which genesis goes back to the ancient times and has evolutionary development.

  10. Mirror Neurons, the Development of Empathy, and Digital Story Telling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the intersection of work in media education, religious education, concerns about digital cultures' impact on human relationality, and the possible role that mirror neurons might play in the development of empathy. Digital story telling--particularly as embodied in the work of the Center for Digital Storytelling…

  11. Character and Effective Leadership of the Knowledge Worker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khoury, A E

    2005-04-20

    Ulrich in the forward to the Zenger and Folkman (2002) book, ''The Extraordinary Leader'', wrote about the importance of character in leadership stating, ''Everything about great leaders radiates from character. Character improves the probability of exhibiting strong interpersonal skill. Some of this perceived character is innate . . . but more is driven by the leader's self-awareness and interactions with others'' (p. ix). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership effectiveness and character using leader-managers of knowledge workers as the subject sample. Findings indicated that character, particularly those factors associated with honesty, setting the example, and valuing and strengthening others, were what set the most effective leader-managers apart from their peers. Technical competence and self-efficacy were found to be common characteristics of the study sample as was a drive for results. Who a leader-manager is, his/her substance, was found in this study to differentiate the ''best'' leader-managers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By their character, leader-managers establish the environment in which knowledge workers contribute and grow. As found by Pfeiffer (2000), Leaders of companies that experience smaller gaps between what they know and what they do (to turn knowledge into action), understand that their most important task is not necessarily to make strategic decisions, or, for that matter any decisions at all. Their task is to help build systems of practice that produce a more reliable transformation of knowledge into action. Leaders create environments, reinforce norms, and help set expectations through what they do. (p. 261) In other words, as confirmed by this research study, their task is to model the way. Study results also confirmed Ulrich's (1996) supposition that to create the ''air'' in which employees work, leaders have the personal characteristics that engender trust and commitment. In other words, as study results confirmed, the most effective leader-managers establish trusting relationships and strengthen others--they enable others; and, are just, fair, sincere, and recognize contributions--they encourage the heart. Based on study findings, the leadership development model proposed was founded on the premise that character can be developed, particularly if done so through assessment and challenging assignments, with coaching, mentoring, and peer network support. However, development of character requires a shift in our leadership development programs. What causes this shift is a focus on learning by doing through challenging assignments and teaching others rather than learning through event focused assessment and course work. Character cannot be learned in the classroom; it needs to be developed through experience and then learned by feedback, reflection, coaching, and teaching others. Study findings indicated that knowledge workers want to be encouraged, believed in and lead by those they trust to inspire them to accomplish the goals and objectives of the organization. To cause a workforce to generate intellectual capital for the organization, study findings found that the leader-manager's ''character'' does make a difference.

  12. Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    REESE, HARVEY; BLAINE, LAWSON.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareament [...] o dado por (alfa,beta) (alfa * beta) [X] induz isomorfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X). A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada. Abstract in english A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing [...] http:/img/fbpe/aabc/v73n2/fo1.gif" alt="fo1.gif (867 bytes)"> given by (alpha, beta) (alpha * beta) [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X). The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.

  13. The Psychobiological Theory of Temperament and Character: Comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloninger, C. Robert

    2008-01-01

    The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and then the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). The author describes the third stage of the psychobiological theory of temperament and…

  14. Selling Students on the Character of Liberal Arts: A Benefit of Worldview Awareness in Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Ted

    2012-01-01

    Emile Durkheim, the sociologist and education professor, said that the personality developed by a form of literary study was contrary to genuinely Christian character. Provoked by this insight, the author explores whether a Christian university's reliance on classical liberal arts education might be working against its desires for the character of…

  15. On Tuning the Bad-Character Rule: the Worst-Character Rule

    OpenAIRE

    Cantone, Domenico; Faro, Simone

    2010-01-01

    In this note we present the worst-character rule, an efficient variation of the bad-character heuristic for the exact string matching problem, firstly introduced in the well-known Boyer-Moore algorithm. Our proposed rule selects a position relative to the current shift which yields the largest average advancement, according to the characters distribution in the text. Experimental results show that the worst-character rule achieves very good results especially in the case of ...

  16. Character Education: A Guide for School Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeRoche, Edward F.; Williams, Mary M.

    School leaders are provided with a map for implementing character education. Using the travel metaphor, the book divides the reader's journey through reform into tour stops. Each stop contains a list of helpful sources, including Internet sites. Tour Stop 1 reviews a comprehensive framework formed after studying successful character education…

  17. A calculation of the multiplicative character

    OpenAIRE

    Kaad, Jens

    2009-01-01

    We give a formula, in terms of products of commutators, for the application of the odd multiplicative character to higher Loday symbols. On our way we construct a product on the relative K-groups and investigate the multiplicative properties of the relative Chern character.

  18. Character varieties of some families of links

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Anh T

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we consider some families of links, including (-2,2m+1,2n)-pretzel links and twisted Whitehead links. We calculate the character varieties of these families, and determine the number of irreducible components of these character varieties.

  19. Mirabolic affine Grassmannian and character sheaves

    OpenAIRE

    Finkelberg, Michael; Ginzburg, Victor; Travkin, Roman

    2009-01-01

    We compute the Frobenius trace functions of mirabolic character sheaves defined over a finite field. The answer is given in terms of the character values of general linear groups over the finite field, and the structure constants of multiplication in the mirabolic Hall-Littlewood basis of symmetric functions, introduced by Shoji.

  20. An introduction to HKR character theory

    OpenAIRE

    Stapleton, Nathaniel

    2013-01-01

    The generalized character theory of Hopkins, Kuhn, and Ravenel is an important tool in the study of Morava E-theory and higher height phenomena in chromatic homotopy theory. In this paper, we provide an introduction to HKR character theory with many examples, applications, and alternative points of view.

  1. Unnoticed and unloved: The indigenous storyteller and public theology in a postcolonial age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward P. Wimberly

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to present a commentary on my longstanding practice, as an African-American pastoral theologian, of utilising the ethnographic qualitative research approach centring on Black masculinity and violence. My goal was to comment on what I experienced, learned, practiced and published about violence as an African-American man who happens to be a pastor, pastoral counsellor, licensed marriage and family therapist, and teacher of pastoral care and counselling for over 40 years. My method of data collection for my research and writing has been ethnographic listening to the stories of African-Americans within families and small groups, and in churches, workshops and classrooms. There is a major limitation to this approach because ethnographic research is socially and culturally located and confined to the United States of America and to the African community. Yet, my published reflections as a pastoral theologian on violence over the years were presented to stimulate conversation and discussions in the cross-cultural contexts of students, faculty and interested publics within seminaries universities and churches, particularly in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia where I have lectured and taught.Violence in this paper was understood as being adversarial, behavioural, physical, verbal and nonverbal, exploitive and combative reactions to very powerful economic and socio-cultural values which exist globally. These values recruit and reduce all human beings from all social strata into commodity-orientated and commercialised economic definitions of human worth. Human identity and dignity are defined exclusively by the possession of wealth, social status, privileged position, power and prestige. Those who lack such so-called honourable designations and characteristics are deemed worthless, invisible and unlovable. To be poor in this orientation means to be completely worthless and valueless. Therefore, the paper proposed an indigenous narrative storytelling model which could be used to orientate people publicly to the appropriate source of human worth and dignity.

  2. Unnoticed and unloved: The indigenous storyteller and public theology in a postcolonial age

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Edward P., Wimberly.

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to present a commentary on my longstanding practice, as an African-American pastoral theologian, of utilising the ethnographic qualitative research approach centring on Black masculinity and violence. My goal was to comment on what I experienced, learned, practiced and [...] published about violence as an African-American man who happens to be a pastor, pastoral counsellor, licensed marriage and family therapist, and teacher of pastoral care and counselling for over 40 years. My method of data collection for my research and writing has been ethnographic listening to the stories of African-Americans within families and small groups, and in churches, workshops and classrooms. There is a major limitation to this approach because ethnographic research is socially and culturally located and confined to the United States of America and to the African community. Yet, my published reflections as a pastoral theologian on violence over the years were presented to stimulate conversation and discussions in the cross-cultural contexts of students, faculty and interested publics within seminaries universities and churches, particularly in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia where I have lectured and taught. Violence in this paper was understood as being adversarial, behavioural, physical, verbal and nonverbal, exploitive and combative reactions to very powerful economic and socio-cultural values which exist globally. These values recruit and reduce all human beings from all social strata into commodity-orientated and commercialised economic definitions of human worth. Human identity and dignity are defined exclusively by the possession of wealth, social status, privileged position, power and prestige. Those who lack such so-called honourable designations and characteristics are deemed worthless, invisible and unlovable. To be poor in this orientation means to be completely worthless and valueless. Therefore, the paper proposed an indigenous narrative storytelling model which could be used to orientate people publicly to the appropriate source of human worth and dignity.

  3. Segmentation of Touching Hand written Telugu Characters by using Drop Fall Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adabala Venkata Srinivasa Rao

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recognition of Indian language scripts is a challenging problem. Work for the development of complete OCR systems for Indian language scripts is still in infancy. Complete OCR systems have recently been developed for Devanagri and Bangla scripts. Research in the field of recognition of Telugu script faces major problems mainly related to the touching and overlapping of characters. Segmentation of touching Telugu characters is a difficult task for recognizing individual characters.  In this paper, the proposed algorithm is for the segmentation of   touching Hand written Telugu characters. The proposed method using Drop-fall algorithm is based on the moving of a marble on either side of the touching characters for selection of the point from where the cutting of the fused components should take place. This method improvers the segmentation accuracy higher than the existing one.

  4. Segmentation of Touching Hand written Telugu Characters by using Drop Fall Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V B Sandeep

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Recognition of Indian language scripts is a challenging problem. Work for the development of complete OCR systems for Indian language scripts is still in infancy. Complete OCR systems have recently been developed for Devanagri and Bangla scripts. Research in the field of recognition of Telugu script faces major problems mainly related to the touching and overlapping of characters. Segmentation of touching Telugu characters is a difficult task for recognizing individual characters.  In this paper, the proposed algorithm is for the segmentation of   touching Hand written Telugu characters. The proposed method using Drop-fall algorithm is based on the moving of a marble on either side of the touching characters for selection of the point from where the cutting of the fused components should take place. This method improvers the segmentation accuracy higher than the existing one.

  5. "Language Speaking the Subject Speaking the Arts": New Possibilities for Interdisciplinarity in Arts/English Education--Explorations in Three-Dimensional Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anae, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a theorised classroom-based account discussing the author's interdisciplinary approach to engaging first-year teacher-education students in self-critical inquiry using creative writing techniques as an entry point into Arts-based three-dimensional storytelling. Via an interpretation of Lacan's "speaking…

  6. Challenging homophobia and heterosexism through storytelling and critical dialogue among Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Josephine Pui-Hing; Poon, Maurice Kwong-Lai

    2013-01-01

    Homophobia and heterosexism are ubiquitous in Canadian society. They contribute to significant health and mental health disparities for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth and their families. Anti-homophobia efforts tend to focus on students and teachers at school. While these efforts are important, they do not reach parents, who play an important role in shaping young people's attitudes towards gender and sexuality. To eliminate bullying and victimisation associated with homophobia at school and in the community, concerted efforts are urgently needed to mobilise parents to become champions against homophobia and heterosexism. In this paper, we report on our use of storytelling and critical dialogue to engage a group of Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto to interrogate their values and assumptions about homosexuality. In particular, we illustrate how we use storytelling to create a liminal space whereby the narrators and listeners collaborate to create counter-discourses that challenge social domination and exclusion. We then discuss the implications of using a critical dialogical approach to integrate anti-homophobia efforts in community parenting programmes. PMID:23140182

  7. Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resources in learning environments for the production by students of multimedia narratives. This paper reports on the results, over a two-year period, of an evaluation of the use of digital narratives in an advanced undergraduate unit on contemporary Australian literature in one Australian university. The evaluation explored students’ and the teacher’s experiences of digital storytelling. In particular, it examined participants’ satisfaction with and anxieties about the use of digital narratives. It also considered the issues that the use of digital narratives raises vis-à-vis the constructive alignment with the themes, aims, and objectives of the unit, as well as the kinds and levels of technical training and assistance required to support students and staff. The results of this evaluation will be of interest to academics considering the use of multimedia technologies in their undergraduate classes.

  8. Character Recognition using RCS with Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Sureshkumar

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS, Fuzzy Neural Network and Radial Basis Network. Where the characters are classified using supervised learning algorithm. These classes are mapped onto Unicode for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using Unicode fonts. This character recognition finds applications in document analysis where the handwritten document can be converted to editable printed document. This approach can be extended to recognition and reproduction of hand written documents in South Indian languages. In the training set, a recognition rate of 100% was achieved and in the test set the recognized speed for each character is 0.1sec and accuracy is 97%. Understandably, the training set produced much higher recognition rate than the test set. Structure analysis suggested that the proposed system of RCS with back propagation network is given higher recognition rate.

  9. A thermogenic secondary sexual character in male sea lamprey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung-Davidson, Yu-Wen; Priess, M. Cody; Yeh, Chu-Yin; Brant, Cory O.; Johnson, Nicholas S.; Li, Ke; Nanlohy, Kaben G.; Bryan, Mara B.; Brown, C. Titus; Choi, Jongeun; Li, Weiming

    2013-01-01

    Secondary sexual characters in animals are exaggerated ornaments or weapons for intrasexual competition. Unexpectedly, we found that a male secondary sexual character in sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus ) is a thermogenic adipose tissue that instantly increases its heat production during sexual encounters. This secondary sexual character, developed in front of the anterior dorsal fin of mature males, is a swollen dorsal ridge known as the ‘rope’ tissue. It contains nerve bundles, multivacuolar adipocytes and interstitial cells packed with small lipid droplets and mitochondria with dense and highly organized cristae. The fatty acid composition of the rope tissue is rich in unsaturated fatty acids. The cytochrome c oxidase activity is high but the ATP concentration is very low in the mitochondria of the rope tissue compared with those of the gill and muscle tissues. The rope tissue temperature immediately rose up to 0.3°C when the male encountered a conspecific. Mature males generated more heat in the rope and muscle tissues when presented with a mature female than when presented with a male (paired t-test, P-3 more heat than the muscle in 10 min. Transcriptome analyses revealed that genes involved in fat cell differentiation are upregulated whereas those involved in oxidative-phosphorylation-coupled ATP synthesis are downregulated in the rope tissue compared with the gill and muscle tissues. Sexually mature male sea lamprey possess the only known thermogenic secondary sexual character that shows differential heat generation toward individual conspecifics.

  10. Alterations in subspecific characters of groundnut

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recombination of beneficial characters associated in the cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) belonging to the two subspecies hypogaea and fastigiata had little success in conventional breeding programme. The cultures of ssp. hypogaea have the desirable characters for the crop improvement viz; various growth habits, profuse branching, large pod, seed dormancy and stress tolerance. Sequential flowering, early maturity, compact fruiting habit and high kernel outturn are the other useful characters present in ssp. fastigiata cultures. Mutation research in a popular variety, Spanish Improved belonging to ssp. fastigiata led to the selection of various mutants. One among the mutants had large pod, a characteristic of hypogaea ssp. Hybridization among the mutants and improved cultivars as well as radiation treatment of selected cultures resulted in the isolation of cultures having not only combinations and alterations of characters in both subspecies, but also modifications. These cultures are classified into major groups and their significance in the groundnut improvement is discussed. (author)

  11. Seafloor character--Offshore of Pacifica, California

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents the seafloor-character map Offshore of Pacifica, California. The raster data file is included in "SFC_OffshorePacifica.zip," which is...

  12. Kannada Character Recognition System A Review

    CERN Document Server

    Indira, K

    2010-01-01

    Intensive research has been done on optical character recognition ocr and a large number of articles have been published on this topic during the last few decades. Many commercial OCR systems are now available in the market, but most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters. There are no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 12 major scripts in India. This paper presents a review of existing work on printed Kannada script and their results. The characteristics of Kannada script and Kannada Character Recognition System kcr are discussed in detail. Finally fusion at the classifier level is proposed to increase the recognition accuracy.

  13. Understanding Islamic Ethics and Its Significance on the Character Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adibah Binti Abdul Rahim

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The most critical challenge facing Muslim today is the lack of the spiritual ethical dimension of life, and one of the most powerful means to overcome this problem is the adherence to the code of ethics. This paper attempts at clarifying the concept of Islamic ethics as a basic pillar for a healthy society. It explains about the need of ethics for the development of individual and society, and its significance on the character building. The author tries to present ethics as the counter part of other sciences, such as, law, politics, science, economics, and others for such sciences become soulless or insignificant if detached from ethics. The paper concludes that Muslim character should develop along with Islamic ethics and its application into daily affairs of Muslims’ lives should be given its due attention.

  14. 77 FR 65091 - National Character Counts Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ...Proclamation 8891--National Character Counts Week, 2012 Proclamation 8892...Proclamation 8891 of October 19, 2012 National Character Counts Week, 2012 By the President of...the best in ourselves. During National Character Counts Week, we celebrate the...

  15. 8 CFR 316.10 - Good moral character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Good moral character. 316.10 Section 316.10 Aliens...NATURALIZATION § 316.10 Good moral character. (a) Requirement of good moral character during the statutory period....

  16. 50 CFR 80.13 - Substantiality in character and design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Substantiality in character and design. 80.13 Section 80...ACTS § 80.13 Substantiality in character and design. All projects proposed...under the Acts must be substantial in character and design. A substantial...

  17. 75 FR 64615 - National Character Counts Week, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ...Proclamation 8586 of October 15, 2010 National Character Counts Week, 2010 By the President of the...challenging of times, is found in the spirit and character of our people. During National Character Counts Week, we reflect upon the values...

  18. Non-verbal Communication for Correlational Characters

    OpenAIRE

    Gillies, M; Slater, M.

    2005-01-01

    Social interaction is a key element of modern virtual environments. This paper discusses how non-verbal communication (or body language) is vital to real world social interaction, and how it is important to carry it over to virtual environments. It is not sufficient for a character to passively exhibit non-verbal communication; non-verbal communication should be a genuine interaction between a real and virtual person. To this aim the behaviour of the character should correlate realistically w...

  19. The Inaccuracy of National Character Stereotypes

    OpenAIRE

    McCrae, Robert R.; Chan, Wayne; Jussim, Lee; De Fruyt, Filip; Löckenhoff, Corinna E; De Bolle, Marleen; COSTA, PAUL T.; H?ebí?ková, Martina; Graf, Sylvie; Realo, Anu; Allik, Jüri; Nakazato, Katsuharu; Shimonaka, Yoshiko; Yik, Michelle; Ficková, Emília

    2013-01-01

    Consensual stereotypes of some groups are relatively accurate, whereas others are not. Previous work suggesting that national character stereotypes are inaccurate has been criticized on several grounds. In this article we (a) provide arguments for the validity of assessed national mean trait levels as criteria for evaluating stereotype accuracy; and (b) report new data on national character in 26 cultures from descriptions (N=3,323) of the typical male or female adolescent, adult, or old pers...

  20. The relative Chern character and regulators

    OpenAIRE

    Tamme, Georg

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis we construct a modified version of Karoubi's relative Chern character for smooth varieties over the complex numbers or the ring of integers in a p-adic number field. Comparison results with the Deligne-Beilinson Chern character and the p-adic Borel regulator constructed by Huber and Kings are proven. As a corollary we obtain a new proof of Burgos' theorem that Borel's regulator is twice Beilinson's regulator.

  1. ECONOMIC ETHICS: APPLIED AND PROFESSIONAL CHARACTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ella Gordova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In given article economic ethics are considered as set of norms of behavior of the businessman, the requirements shown by a cultural society to its style of work, to character of dialogue between participants of business, to their social shape. The conclusion becomes that economic ethics have applied character in relation to theoretical, to obschenormativnoy ethics, hence, represent section of applied ethics. On the other hand, the specific standard maintenance characterizes economic ethics as ethics professional.

  2. Visual Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Araokar, Shashank

    2005-01-01

    The recognition of optical characters is known to be one of the earliest applications of Artificial Neural Networks, which partially emulate human thinking in the domain of artificial intelligence. In this paper, a simplified neural approach to recognition of optical or visual characters is portrayed and discussed. The document is expected to serve as a resource for learners and amateur investigators in pattern recognition, neural networking and related disciplines.

  3. Identification of Matra Region and Overlapping Characters for OCR of Printed Bengali Scripts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Subhra Sundar

    One of the important reasons for poor recognition rate in optical character recognition (OCR) system is the error in character segmentation. In case of Bangla scripts, the errors occur due to several reasons, which include incorrect detection of matra (headline), over-segmentation and under-segmentation. We have proposed a robust method for detecting the headline region. Existence of overlapping characters (in under-segmented parts) in scanned printed documents is a major problem in designing an effective character segmentation procedure for OCR systems. In this paper, a predictive algorithm is developed for effectively identifying overlapping characters and then selecting the cut-borders for segmentation. Our method can be successfully used in achieving high recognition result.

  4. Recognition of Telugu characters using neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhaswami, M B; Seetharamulu, P; Pujari, A K

    1995-09-01

    The aim of the present work is to recognize printed and handwritten Telugu characters using artificial neural networks (ANNs). Earlier work on recognition of Telugu characters has been done using conventional pattern recognition techniques. We make an initial attempt here of using neural networks for recognition with the aim of improving upon earlier methods which do not perform effectively in the presence of noise and distortion in the characters. The Hopfield model of neural network working as an associative memory is chosen for recognition purposes initially. Due to limitation in the capacity of the Hopfield neural network, we propose a new scheme named here as the Multiple Neural Network Associative Memory (MNNAM). The limitation in storage capacity has been overcome by combining multiple neural networks which work in parallel. It is also demonstrated that the Hopfield network is suitable for recognizing noisy printed characters as well as handwritten characters written by different "hands" in a variety of styles. Detailed experiments have been carried out using several learning strategies and results are reported. It is shown here that satisfactory recognition is possible using the proposed strategy. A detailed preprocessing scheme of the Telugu characters from digitized documents is also described. PMID:8589867

  5. The Efficiency of Being Scientific Value Focused Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kat?lm??

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The value of being scientific is taken place among direct values in 7th grade Social Studies curriculum and in this study, it was aimed to determinate the effect of the social studies inte-grated character education program on being scientific value. In this study, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used and a character education program and a measurement tool were developed in connection with social studies course aims. In this context, a course schedule was prepared for 12 hours and to measure the effect of this program on being scientific value, 5 point Likert scale was developed. Besides, to de-termine the reasons of the students’s choices, a semi-structured interview form was developed. After those preliminaries, the researcher began to the implementation phase. The im-plementation phase was fulfilled in spring term of 2008, in Umraniye district of Istanbul and in a state school.Before the implementation phase, a class was determined as experimental group while another was chosen as control group. Equivalance of the groups was determined through statistical procedures. The social studies integrated character education program which is focus on being scientific value was implemented to the experimental group and the normal program was implemented to the control group. The implementation phase was proceeded throughout 12 hours and 3 hours each week. After this, it was found that being scientific value supported character education program had statistically meaningful effect on students’ development level of being scientific.

  6. Effect of laser irradiation on the productive characters of hemp

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laboratory and field investigations were made of assessing the effect produced by laser irradiation on hump productive characters. Four variants of laser treatment were tested - hellium-neon laser with 632,8 nm for 15 and 30 min, and nitrogen laser with 225 and 450 impulses. Laser treatment improved the sowing qualities of the seeds, the plants were more vigorous and the phases of development were shorter. Both seed and stem yields increased considerably

  7. Tectonic Storytelling with Open Source and Digital Object Identifiers - a case study about Plate Tectonics and the Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwe, Peter; Barmuta, Jan; Klump, Jens; Neumann, Janna; Plank, Margret

    2014-05-01

    The communication of advances in research to the common public for both education and decision making is an important aspect of scientific work. An even more crucial task is to gain recognition within the scientific community, which is judged by impact factor and citation counts. Recently, the latter concepts have been extended from textual publications to include data and software publications. This paper presents a case study for science communication and data citation. For this, tectonic models, Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), best practices for data citation and a multimedia online-portal for scientific content are combined. This approach creates mutual benefits for the stakeholders: Target audiences receive information on the latest research results, while the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) increases the recognition and citation of underlying scientific data. This creates favourable conditions for every researcher as DOI names ensure citeability and long term availability of scientific research. In the developed application, the FOSS tool for tectonic modelling GPlates is used to visualise and manipulate plate-tectonic reconstructions and associated data through geological time. These capabilities are augmented by the Science on a Halfsphere project (SoaH) with a robust and intuitive visualisation hardware environment. The tectonic models used for science communication are provided by the AGH University of Science and Technology. They focus on the Silurian to Early Carboniferous evolution of Central Europe (Bohemian Massif) and were interpreted for the area of the Geopark Bergstraße Odenwald based on the GPlates/SoaH hardware- and software stack. As scientific story-telling is volatile by nature, recordings are a natural means of preservation for further use, reference and analysis. For this, the upcoming portal for audiovisual media of the German National Library of Science and Technology TIB is expected to become a critical service infrastructure. It allows complex search queries, including metadata such as DOI and media fragment identifiers (MFI), thereby linking data citation and science communication.

  8. Contadores de histórias: práticas discursivas e violência de gênero Storytelling: discursive practices and gender violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Nazareth Meneghel

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa uma oficina de contadores de histórias, uma intervenção fundamentada nos referenciais das narrativas orais, que ocorreu em uma organização não governamental sediada no Município de São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A oficina foi construída em três momentos, compreendendo: a narração de uma história com o foco em violência de gênero, a discussão da narrativa e a realização de pinturas corporais. O referencial usado foi o das práticas discursivas e, nas falas dos oficineiros, foram identificados pelo menos dois repertórios interpretativos: um deles pautado na categoria gênero e o outro, ancorado na cotidianidade e na rememoração das histórias de vida dos participantes. Além dos repertórios, ressaltamos a variabilidade manifesta nas contradições e nas incongruências que permearam os diálogos presentes nas argumentações. As narrativas, enquanto ferramentas para trabalhar com mulheres em situação de violência, têm sido pouco exploradas, sobretudo como possibilidade de intervenção em saúde coletiva. Nesta pesquisa, as histórias foram analisadas como possíveis estratégias para enfrentar as desigualdades de gênero, mostrando-se uma ferramenta analítica poderosa para avaliar ações de saúde coletiva.This paper analyzes a storytelling workshop, an intervention based on the referential elements of oral narratives, held at an NGO in São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The workshop was divided into three different stages: narration of a story with a focus on gender violence, a discussion based on the narrative, and an activity with body painting. The theoretical framework was based on discursive practices, and when workshop participants' discourse was assessed, at least two interpretive repertories were identified: one based on the gender category and the other on everyday life and recollections from participants' life stories. There was also considerable variety in the arguments, manifested in the contradictions and incongruence permeating the discourse. Narratives used as tools to work with abused women (especially for public health interventions have received little attention thus far. In the current study, stories were analyzed as possible strategies to deal with gender inequalities, a powerful analytical tool for evaluating public health actions.

  9. The Wisdom of the heart: "These fragments have I stored..." (T. S. Eliot, The wasteland) - The power of storytelling in the growth of Italian-American women writers

    OpenAIRE

    Mulas, Francesco Gesuino; Malva, Maria Paola

    2007-01-01

    Storytelling appears to have become a fundamental element in the personal and psychological growth of Italian American women writers for it has the power to enrich one's innermost being with the wisdom, the faith, and the tales their foremothers passed dawn to them. As Will Eisner states: "Storytelling lies deep in the social behaviour of human groups: ancient and modern. Stories are used to teach behaviour within the community, to discuss morals and values, or to satisfy curiosity". As such...

  10. SO(2n,C)-character varieties are not varieties of characters

    OpenAIRE

    Sikora, Adam S.

    2015-01-01

    We prove that the coordinate rings of SO(2n,C)-character varieties are not generated by trace functions nor generalized trace functions for $n\\geq 2$ and all groups Gamma of corank $\\geq 2.$ Furthermore, we give examples of non-conjugate completely reducible representations undistinguishable by generalized trace functions. Hence, SO(2n,C)-character varieties are not varieties of characters! However, we also prove that any generic SO(2n,C)-representation of a free group ...

  11. On Tuning the Bad-Character Rule: the Worst-Character Rule

    CERN Document Server

    Cantone, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    In this note we present the worst-character rule, an efficient variation of the bad-character heuristic for the exact string matching problem, firstly introduced in the well-known Boyer-Moore algorithm. Our proposed rule selects a position relative to the current shift which yields the largest average advancement, according to the characters distribution in the text. Experimental results show that the worst-character rule achieves very good results especially in the case of long patterns or small alphabets in random texts and in the case of texts in natural languages.

  12. Similarities and Differences of Preferred Traits in Character Education Programs by Ethnicity and Class According to Parents, Faculty/Staff, and Students at Two Middle Schools in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boen, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    This study provides two perspectives on the various character traits provided by character education programs by comparing the voices of minority and lower-lower middle class stakeholders with those of upper middle class stakeholders. The literature on the values and virtues based approaches to moral development and character education were…

  13. Cryptographic Securityby New Character Signs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Gupta

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The cryptography is the art and science of encrypting the image in such a way that no-one apart from the sender and intended recipient even realizes the original image, a form of security through obscurity.In present times, the protection of multimedia data is becoming very important. The protection of this multimedia data can be done with encryption.Inrapid development and wide use of Internet, information transmission faces a big challenge of security

  14. Wings and bristles: character specificity of the asymmetry phenotype in insecticide-resistant strains of Lucilia cuprina.

    OpenAIRE

    Clarke, G. M.; Yen, J. L.; McKenzie, J. A.

    2000-01-01

    We investigated the hypothesis that observed higher levels of asymmetry displayed by insecticide-resistance genotypes of Lucilia cuprina are restricted to bristle characters, due to the action of resistance genes in bristle cell development, rather than through the disruption of genomic coadaptation. We compared the level of asymmetry of three bristle characters and three wing characters in non-modified and modified-resistance genotypes. Consistent with previous studies, resistance genotypes ...

  15. Happy cows and unhappy consumers : Cognitive and affective effects of storytelling related to the production process of food products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G

    Food products are increasingly positioned by parameters that are related to the production process. In addition to labeling products as organic or local, many products are marketed by telling stories about the origins and production process – where the product comes from, facts about the terroir, raising of animals, details about feed or growing process, origins of ingredients used, roots in traditional and artisanal food production, ethical claims about animal welfare and fair trade. Such parameters have mostly been discussed as extensions of the classical aspects of perceived food quality (taste, health, convenience), and their effects on purchase intentions and purchases have often been analyzed by measuring the inferences consumers make from such information with regard to perceived product quality. However, recent research suggests that this cognitive mediation of the effects of storytelling in the food area may be only half of the story. In addition, such information on food products may also also elicit spontaneous (positive) affect in the consumer mind, leading to a positive impact on purchase intentions that is not cognitively mediated. To the extent that such intentions actually lead to purchases, it raises the question how consumer experience with the product lives up to expectations that consist of both cognitive and affective components. This presentation will a) demonstrate the parallel existence of cognitively mediated and spontaneous affective effects of storytelling on purchase intentions, b) discuss new ways of measuring both cognitive and affective components, and c) discus the theoretical implications in terms of theories of consumer quality perception, consumer satisfaction and the Food Kansei approach.

  16. Online Handwritten Character Recognition of Devanagari and Telugu Characters using Support Vector Machines

    OpenAIRE

    Swethalakshmi, H.; Jayaraman, Anitha; Chakravarthy, V. Srinivasa; Sekhar, C. Chandra

    2006-01-01

    A system for recognition of online handwritten characters has been presented for Indian writing systems. A handwritten character is represented as a sequence of strokes whose features are extracted and classied. Support vector machines have been used for constructing the stroke recognition engine. The results have been presented after testing the system on Devanagari and Telugu scripts.

  17. Trivalent graphs, volume conjectures and character varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Nawata, Satoshi; Zodinmawia,

    2014-01-01

    The generalized volume conjecture and the AJ conjecture (a.k.a. the quantum volume conjecture) are extended to $U_q(sl_2)$ colored quantum invariants of trivalent graphs. The SL(2,C) character variety of the fundamental group of the complement of a trivalent graph with $E$ edges in $S^3$ is a Lagrangian subvariety of the Hitchin moduli space over the Riemann surface of genus $g=E/3+1$. The configuration of the character variety is locally determined by large color asymptotics of the quantum invariants of the trivalent graph in terms of complex Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Moreover, the q-holonomic difference equation of the quantum invariants provides the quantization of the character variety. In particular, we investigate both the conjectures for the theta and tetrahedron graphs.

  18. Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Born, Kenton

    2010-01-01

    High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zipf's law in a similar pattern to natural languages, whereas tunneled traffic has more evenly distributed character frequencies. This approach allows tunnels to be detected across multiple domains, whereas previous methods typically concentrate on monitoring point to point systems. Anomalies are quickly discovered when tunneled traffic is compared to the character frequency fingerprint of legitimate domain traffic.

  19. 29 CFR 18.405 - Methods of proving character.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true Methods of proving character. 18.405 Section 18.405... § 18.405 Methods of proving character. (a) Reputation of opinion. In all cases in which evidence of character or a trait of character of...

  20. An Optical Character Recognition for Handwritten Devanagari Script

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trupti R. Zalke

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Optical Character Recognition is process of recognition of character from scanned document and lots of OCR now available in the market. But most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters . There are no sufficient number of work on Indian language script like Devanagari so this paper present a review on optical character recognition on handwritten Devanagari script.

  1. Winter Tourism Product Development In Rovaniemi For Lapland Safaris

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph, Sunday; H Ariyananda, Osmund

    2010-01-01

    In our thesis, we integrated the different theories of tourism product development with the current practice of the several products/services offered in Lapland Safaris. The first part of our thesis was the theoretical analysis of the available studies done in tourism product development. We discovered four new approaches to tourism product development: Co-creation, Story-telling, Authenticity and Meaningful experience. We also used one of the results: Holistic tourism product co-creation...

  2. Character Clash: Revising Dialogue in Narrative Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traci Gardner

    2012-08-01

    In this teaching idea provided by ReadWriteThink.org, the teacher reviews with students how to write a paragraph containing dialogue. Students then use a piece of their own narrative writing to highlight the speech of each character in a different color. Students then go through their writing again, looking for and correcting character clashes that happen when two speakers are highlighted in the same paragraph. An additional online tool is provided to help students revise their word choice for "said" and replace the word with a stronger, more specific dialogue tag.

  3. Alexithymia, Temperament and Character Characteristics in Women with bromyalgia Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Hikmet Kayar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Somatic and psychic symptoms are seen in the fibromyalgia syndrome. And it is suggested that these psychic factors plays an important role in the clinical presentation of this syndrome. This study was planned to understand fibromyalgia through investigating the role of alexthymia, temperemant and character in the clinic of this illness. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinic on 36 women with fibromyalgia syndrome and 34 healthy women. The subjects were evaluated by the Temperament and Character Inventory, the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Beck Depression Scale, and sociodemographic data form.Results: These two groups were similar to each other in terms of age, years of education, and marital and economical status. Harm avoidance subscale, persistence, depression and alexithymia scores were higher in the fibromyalgia syndrome group compared to the healthy control group. A statistically significant correlation was detected between harm avoidance scores and depression scores in the fibromyalgia group.Conclusion: After determination of character and temperament characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia, pharmacological agents especially increasing the serotonin levels should be used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. At the same time, the prevalence of alexithymic personality should be kept in mind, and coping strategies for strengthening the patient’s vocabulary and revealing his/her emotions should be developed. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:105-10.

  4. Linear discriminant analysis of character sequences using occurrences of words

    KAUST Repository

    Dutta, Subhajit

    2014-02-01

    Classification of character sequences, where the characters come from a finite set, arises in disciplines such as molecular biology and computer science. For discriminant analysis of such character sequences, the Bayes classifier based on Markov models turns out to have class boundaries defined by linear functions of occurrences of words in the sequences. It is shown that for such classifiers based on Markov models with unknown orders, if the orders are estimated from the data using cross-validation, the resulting classifier has Bayes risk consistency under suitable conditions. Even when Markov models are not valid for the data, we develop methods for constructing classifiers based on linear functions of occurrences of words, where the word length is chosen by cross-validation. Such linear classifiers are constructed using ideas of support vector machines, regression depth, and distance weighted discrimination. We show that classifiers with linear class boundaries have certain optimal properties in terms of their asymptotic misclassification probabilities. The performance of these classifiers is demonstrated in various simulated and benchmark data sets.

  5. Handwritten Nushu Character Recognition Based on Hidden Markov Model

    OpenAIRE

    Jiangqing Wang; Rongbo Zhu

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes a statistical-structural character learning algorithm based on hidden Markov model for handwritten Nushu character recognition. The stroke relationships of a Nushu character reflect its structure, which can be statistically represented by the hidden markov model. Based on the prior knowledge of character structures, we design an adaptive statisticalstructural character learning algorithm that accounts for the most important stroke relationships, which aims to improve the r...

  6. Corruption, corporate character-formation and "value-strategy"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fati? Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available While most discussions of corruption focus on administration, institutions, the law and public policy, little attention in the debate about societal reform is paid to the “internalities” of anti-corruption efforts, specifically to character-formation and issues of personal and corporate integrity. While the word “integrity” is frequently mentioned as the goal to be achieved through institutional reforms, even in criminal prosecutions, the specifically philosophical aspects of character-formation and the development of corporate and individual virtues in a rational and systematic way tend to be neglected. This paper focuses on the “internalities” of anti-corruption work with special emphasis on the pre-requisites that need to be ensured on behalf of the social elites in order for proper individual and collective character-formation to take place throughout the society. The author argues that a systematic pursuit of socially recognized virtues, both those pertaining to society as a whole and those specific to particular professions and social groups, is the most comprehensive and strategically justified way of pursuing anti-corruption policy, while institutional and penal policies can only serve an auxiliary role. The pursuit of institutional and criminal justice policies against corruption in a society that is subject to increasing relativism with regard to values and morality is at best ineffective, and at worst socially destructive. Thus the paper suggests a re-examination of the social discourse on the level of what the author calls “value strategy” and the gradual building of a plan to create and solidify specifically designed features of “corporate character” for key sectors of the society. This approach can serve as the main long-term strategy to improve the public profile of integrity and reinforce morality in both the public and civil sectors.

  7. Beyond the deficit model: bullying and trajectories of character virtues in adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilliard, Lacey J; Bowers, Edmond P; Greenman, Kathleen N; Hershberg, Rachel M; Geldhof, G John; Glickman, Samantha A; Lerner, Jacqueline V; Lerner, Richard M

    2014-06-01

    Previous work on peer victimization has focused primarily on academic outcomes and negative indicators of youth involved in bullying. Few studies have taken a strength-based approach to examine attributes associated with bullies and victims of bullying. As such, we examined developmental trajectories of moral, performance, and civic character components, and their links to bully status using data from 713 youth (63% female) who participated in Wave 3 (approximately Grade 7) through Wave 6 (approximately Grade 10) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that moral character was stable across waves, whereas civic character increased slightly by Wave 6. Trajectories for performance character varied; some youth alternatively displayed positive versus negative growth. Youth who reported bullying behavior reported lower initial levels of moral, performance, and civic character as compared to youth not involved in bullying. Bully-victims reported lower initial levels of moral and civic character as compared to youth not involved in bullying. Implications for future work examining character-related components in the context of peer victimization are discussed. PMID:24531881

  8. Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    E. K. Vellingiriraj, P. Balasubramanie

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM). The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1) image acquisition module, 2) image preprocessing module, 3) feature extraction module, 4) character recognition module, and 5) display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unkn...

  9. Characters for $\\hat{sl(n)}_{k=1}$ from a novel Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, J.

    1998-01-01

    Motivated by the recent development on the exact thermodynamics of 1D quantum systems, we propose quasi-particle like formulas for $\\hat{\\mathfrak{sl}(n)}_{k=1}$ characters. The $\\hat{\\mathfrak{sl}(2)}_{k=1}$ case is re-examined first. The novel formulation yields a direct connection to the fractional statistics in the short range interacting model, and provides a clear description of the spinon character formula. Generalizing the observation, we find formulas for $\\hat{\\mat...

  10. Psychometric properties of a French version of the junior temperament and character inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Cortese, S.; Perez Diaz, F.; Pelissolo, A.; Aubron, V.; Orejarena, S.; Acquaviva, E.; Mouren, Marie-christine; Michel, G.; Gorwood, P.; Purper-ouakil, D.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The junior temperament and character inventory (JTCI) has been developed for the assessment of temperament and character dimensions in childhood based on Cloninger’s model of personality. We evaluated the psychometric proprieties of a French child and parent-rated version of the JTCI based on a previous German version, and assessed the correlations between the JTCI dimension scores and the scores on the child behavior checklist (CBCL) in a community sample of Frenc...

  11. CHARACTER RECOGNITION USING DEMPSTER-SHAFER THEORY-COMBINING DIFFERENT DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHODS

    OpenAIRE

    T.Sitamahalakshmi; Dr. A.Vinay Babu; M.Jagadeesh

    2010-01-01

    Telugu is one of the most predominantly spoken languages in India by millions of people. However, not much work has been reported on the developments of handwritten character recognition methodologies in most Indian languages. Earlier the recognition of offline handwritten characters was done under certain constrained domains. Then several distance measurement methods like similarity, hamming, linear orrelation, cross-correlation, nearest neighbor were used to find the distance between the c...

  12. The application of signature character strengths and positive experiences at work

    OpenAIRE

    Harzer, Claudia; Ruch, Willibald

    2013-01-01

    We hypothesized that the amount of positive experiences at work (job satis- faction, pleasure, engagement, meaning) is a function of the extent to which the situational circumstances at the workplace allow for the application of an individual’s signature character strengths. For the description of the individual a reliable and valid instrument already exists, but not for the environment. Hence, the newly developed Applicability of Character Strengths Rating Scales (ACS-RS) with information ...

  13. The effect of inpatient cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders on temperament and character

    OpenAIRE

    Fassino, Secondo; Abbate Daga, Giovanni

    2007-01-01

    Personality traits seem to have an important role in the development, clinical expression, course, and treatment response in eating disorders (EDs). We investigated the effects of an inpatient cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) on the measures of temperament and character (Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)) in 149 consecutive patients with EDs. Baseline assessment included anthropometry, the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the TCI. Treatme...

  14. A New Experiment on Bengali Character Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barman, Sumana; Bhattacharyya, Debnath; Jeon, Seung-Whan; Kim, Tai-Hoon; Kim, Haeng-Kon

    This paper presents a method to use View based approach in Bangla Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system providing reduced data set to the ANN classification engine rather than the traditional OCR methods. It describes how Bangla characters are processed, trained and then recognized with the use of a Backpropagation Artificial neural network. This is the first published account of using a segmentation-free optical character recognition system for Bangla using a view based approach. The methodology presented here assumes that the OCR pre-processor has presented the input images to the classification engine described here. The size and the font face used to render the characters are also significant in both training and classification. The images are first converted into greyscale and then to binary images; these images are then scaled to a fit a pre-determined area with a fixed but significant number of pixels. The feature vectors are then formed extracting the characteristics points, which in this case is simply a series of 0s and 1s of fixed length. Finally, an artificial neural network is chosen for the training and classification process.

  15. Interpersonal Correlates of Fromm's Character Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Gib

    1982-01-01

    Based on Fromm's proposed personality theory of the productive and nonproductive use of four character types, studied the productive facet of the four life-style orientations. Analyses of the data from surveys of life and interpersonal relations orientations supported the four orientations suggested by Fromm's theory. (RC)

  16. Reflecting on Character through Literary Themes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smagorinsky, Peter

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the merits of implementing a character education curriculum through teaching literature according to themes. Argues that a reflective approach, emphasizing students' engagement with the issues and the resolutions they come up with for considering moral dilemmas, will be more effective than a didactic approach. Describes a unit on…

  17. Educating for Character in the Sexual Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lickona, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Changes in American sexual behavior brought about by the sexual revolution have been linked to the breakdown of the family and other social ills. Because sex has profound consequences for self, others, and society, sex education is an important part of character education. Sexual abstinence before marriage is associated with better physical and…

  18. The inaccuracy of national character stereotypes.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    McCrae, R. R.; Chan, W.; Jussim, L.; De Fruyt, F.; Löckenhoff, C.E.; De Bolle, M.; Costa Jr., P.T.; H?ebí?ková, Martina; Graf, Sylvie; Realo, A.; Allik, J.; Nakazato, K.; Shimonaka, Y.; Yik, M.; Ficková, E.; Brunner-Sciarra, M.; Reátigui, N.; Leibovich de Figueroa, N.; Schmidt, V.; Ahn, Ch.; Ahn, H.; Aguilar-Vafaie, M.E.; Siuta, J.; Szmigielska, B.; Cain, T.R.; Crawford, J.T.; Mastor, K.A.; Rolland, J. P.; Nansubuga, F.; Miramontez, D.R.; Benet-Martínez, V.; Rossier, J.; Bratko, D.; Maruši?, I.; Halberstadt, J.; Yamaguchi, N.; Kneževi?, G.; Puri?, D.; Martin, T. A.; Gheorghiu, M.; Smith, P.B.; Barbaranelli, C.; Wang, L.; Shakespeare-Finch, J.; Lima, M.P.; Klinkosz, W.; Sekowski, A.; Alcalay, L.; Simonetti, F.; Avdeyeva, T.V.; Pramila, V.S.; Terracciano, A.

    2013-01-01

    Ro?. 47, ?. 6 (2013), s. 831-842. ISSN 0092-6566 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA13-25656S Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : national character * stereotypes * Five-Factor Model of Personality Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 2.011, year: 2013

  19. Theoretical reflections on Wilhelm Reich's Character Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, David

    2002-01-01

    The ideas contained in Wilhelm Reich's Character Analysis, while very influential, have not been thoroughly exploited in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. These ideas, aimed particularly at producing genuine change rather than mere intellectual understanding, are reexamined. Further implications of them are discussed. PMID:12400201

  20. HKR characters and higher twisted sectors

    CERN Document Server

    Morava, J

    2002-01-01

    This is the writeup of an expository talk. It is intended as an introduction to the work of Hopkins, Kuhn, and Ravenel on generalized group characters, which seems to fit very well with the theory of what physicists call higher twisted sectors in the theory of orbifolds.

  1. Orbits of finite solvable groups on characters

    OpenAIRE

    Keller, Thomas Michael; Yang, Yong

    2012-01-01

    We prove that if a solvable group A acts coprimely on a solvable group G, then A has a "large" orbit in its corresponding action on the set of ordinary complex irreducible characters of G. This extends (at the cost of a weaker bound) a 2005 result of A. Moreto who obtained such a bound in case that A is a p-group.

  2. Genetic variability and combining ability for quality characters in two line hybrids in rice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Chandirakala, G. Kandasamy and K. Thiyagarajan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on genetic variability and combining ability for 10 grain quality characters in a set of crosses involving four TGMS lines and five testers of indica rice revealed that none of parental line was found excellent for all the 10 quality characters. Among the four lines,GD 98014 and GD 98049 showed good general combining ability effect for maximum main quality charaters. Among the testers, IR 72, CO 47 and TKM 12 expressed good gca effects for maximum quality characters. Among the crosses, GD 99017 x CO 47 and GD 98014 x TKM 12 showed high specific combining ability effects. GD 98049 x IR 72 and GD 98049 x CO 43 were good specific combiner for different characters. These crosses can be used for development of rice hybrid in future.

  3. Print preparation of the logical INIS-character set for a digital LNO3 printer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The implementation of the revised INIS-character set (describedin INIS-Circular Letter No.131) made it necessary to develop a print preparation program, which transfers most of the new INIS logical characters to characters, which are printable on a local LNO3 laser printer. The program is written in PL/I and runs under VAX/VMS on a VAX 11/750. It reads a normal print file and replaces the encoded logical characters by special control sequences, which generate the corresponding images on the LNO3 printer. The program is used for print preparation of any INIS-data records, both input preparation and output tape utilisation on the local VAX system. (Author)

  4. Contribution to automatic handwritten characters recognition. Application to optical moving characters recognition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a research work on computer aided vision relating to the design of a vision system which can recognize isolated handwritten characters written on a mobile support. We use a technique which consists in analyzing information contained in the contours of the polygon circumscribed to the character's shape. These contours are segmented and labelled to give a new set of features constituted by: - right and left 'profiles', - topological and algebraic unvarying properties. A new method of character's recognition induced from this representation based on a multilevel hierarchical technique is then described. In the primary level, we use a fuzzy classification with dynamic programming technique using 'profiles'. The other levels adjust the recognition by using topological and algebraic unvarying properties. Several results are presented and an accuracy of 99 pc was reached for handwritten numeral characters, thereby attesting the robustness of our algorithm. (author)

  5. Temperament and character profile of eating disorders: a controlled study with the Temperament and Character Inventory.

    OpenAIRE

    Fassino, Secondo; Leombruni, Paolo; Abbate Daga, Giovanni; Amianto, Federico

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The question whether anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are different disorders or the extremes of a psychopathologic spectrum still has no definite answer. A way to face this problem is to examine the personality traits underlying these disorders. METHOD: The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to 141 anorectics (70 Restrictor and 71 Binge-purging), to 102 bulimics, and to 100 controls. The Temperament and Character Inventory main scales are Nove...

  6. TARGET CHARACTER’S COLLECTIONS OF APPLE-TREE AND PEAR-TREE IN BELARUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoya Kazlouskaya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available At the Institute for Fruit Growing in Belarus historically, much attention is paid to fruit breeding, particularly to apple and pear. The basis for the creation of the Belarusian varieties of new generation is National apple (1,264 accessions and pear (660 accessions collections, which host a selection of new sources of germplasm for the most important breeding traits. During 2011-2013 are formed target characters collections for disease resistance: for apple - resistant to scab and powdery mildew - 42 genotypes, for pear - resistant to scab and septoria – 25 genotypes. The work’s collection are presented by biodiversity: 7 progenies of Gr. Sorbomalus, 5 – Gr. Baccatae, 4 – Gr. Prunifolia, 20 – Gr. Domesticae for apple and 5 – Pyrus communis, 10 – P.ussuriensis, 9 – P.pyrifolia, 1 - P.ussuriensis × P.pyrifolia for pear. New Belarusian target collections for resistance to diseases are content genetic diversity and advance to development of commercial varieties with the long-term, stable resistance to major diseases.

  7. On the total character of finite groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Prajapati

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available For a finite group $G$, we study the total character $tau_G$ afforded by the direct sum of all the non-isomorphic irreducible complex representations of $G$. We resolve for several classes of groups (the Camina $p$-groups, the generalized Camina $p$-groups, the groups which admit $(G,Z(G$ as a generalized Camina pair, the problem of existence of a polynomial $f(x in mathbb{Q}[x]$ such that $f(chi = tau_G$ for some irreducible character $chi$ of $G$. As a consequence, we completely determine the $p$-groups of order at most $p^5$ (with $p$ odd which admit such a polynomial. We deduce the characterization that these are the groups $G$ for which $Z(G$ is cyclic and $(G,Z(G$ is a generalized Camina pair and, we conjecture that this holds good for $p$-groups of any order.

  8. On the Characters of Parafermionic Field Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gepner, Doron

    2015-04-01

    We study cosets of the type H l /U(1) r , where H is any Lie algebra at level l and rank r. These theories are parafermionic and their characters are related to the string functions, which are generating functions for the multiplicities of weights in the affine representations. An identity for the characters is described, which apply to all the algebras and all the levels. The expression is of the Rogers-Ramanujan type. We verify this conjecture, for many algebras and levels, using Freudenthal-Kac formula, which calculates the multiplicities in the affine representations, recursively, up to some grade. Our conjecture encapsulates all the known results about these string functions, along with giving a vast wealth of new ones.

  9. On The Characters of Parafermionic Field Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Gepner, Doron

    2014-01-01

    We study cosets of the type $H_l/U(1)^r$, where $H$ is any Lie algebra at level $l$ and rank $r$. These theories are parafermionic and their characters are related to the string functions, which are generating functions for the multiplicities of weights in the affine representations. An identity for the characters is described, which apply to all the algebras and all the levels. The expression is of the Rogers Ramanujan type. We verify this conjecture, for many algebras and levels, using Freudenthal Kac formula, which calculates the multiplicities in the affine representations, recursively, up to some grade. Our conjecture encapsulates all the known results about these string functions, along with giving a vast wealth of new ones.

  10. On the Quantitative Genetics of Mixture Characters

    OpenAIRE

    Gianola, Daniel; Heringstad, Bjorg; Odegaard, Jorgen

    2006-01-01

    Finite mixture models are helpful for uncovering heterogeneity due to hidden structure. Quantitative genetics issues of continuous characters having a finite mixture of Gaussian components as statistical distribution are explored in this article. The partition of variance in a mixture, the covariance between relatives under the supposition of an additive genetic model, and the offspring–parent regression are derived. Formulas for assessing the effect of mass selection operating on a mixture a...

  11. Dyslexia and configural perception of character sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houpt, Joseph W.; Sussman, Bethany L.; Townsend, James T.; Newman, Sharlene D.

    2015-01-01

    Developmental dyslexia is a complex and heterogeneous disorder characterized by unexpected difficulty in learning to read. Although it is considered to be biologically based, the degree of variation has made the nature and locus of dyslexia difficult to ascertain. Hypotheses regarding the cause have ranged from low-level perceptual deficits to higher order cognitive deficits, such as phonological processing and visual-spatial attention. We applied the capacity coefficient, a measure obtained from a mathematical cognitive model of response times to measure how efficiently participants processed different classes of stimuli. The capacity coefficient was used to test the extent to which individuals with dyslexia can be distinguished from normal reading individuals based on their ability to take advantage of word, pronounceable non-word, consonant sequence or unfamiliar context when categorizing character strings. Within subject variability of the capacity coefficient across character string types was fairly regular across normal reading adults and consistent with a previous study of word perception with the capacity coefficient—words and pseudowords were processed at super-capacity and unfamiliar characters strings at limited-capacity. Two distinct patterns were observed in individuals with dyslexia. One group had a profile similar to the normal reading adults while the other group showed very little variation in capacity across string-type. It is possible that these individuals used a similar strategy for all four string-types and were able to generalize this strategy when processing unfamiliar characters. This difference across dyslexia groups may be used to identify sub-types of the disorder and suggest significant differences in word level processing among these subtypes. Therefore, this approach may be useful in further delineating among types of dyslexia, which in turn may lead to better understanding of the etiologies of dyslexia. PMID:25954234

  12. Do Readers Mentally Represent Characters’ Emotional States?

    OpenAIRE

    GERNSBACHER, MORTON ANN; Goldsmith, H. Hill; Robertson, Rachel R.W.

    1992-01-01

    Subjects read stories that described concrete actions, such as a main character stealing money from a store where his best friend worked and later learning that his friend had been fired. Following each story, subjects read a target sentence that contained an emotion word that either matched the emotional state implied by the story (e.g. guilt) or mismatched that emotional state. In Experiment 1, target sentences were read more slowly when the mismatched emotion words were the perceived oppos...

  13. Dyslexia and configural perception of character sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houpt, Joseph W; Sussman, Bethany L; Townsend, James T; Newman, Sharlene D

    2015-01-01

    Developmental dyslexia is a complex and heterogeneous disorder characterized by unexpected difficulty in learning to read. Although it is considered to be biologically based, the degree of variation has made the nature and locus of dyslexia difficult to ascertain. Hypotheses regarding the cause have ranged from low-level perceptual deficits to higher order cognitive deficits, such as phonological processing and visual-spatial attention. We applied the capacity coefficient, a measure obtained from a mathematical cognitive model of response times to measure how efficiently participants processed different classes of stimuli. The capacity coefficient was used to test the extent to which individuals with dyslexia can be distinguished from normal reading individuals based on their ability to take advantage of word, pronounceable non-word, consonant sequence or unfamiliar context when categorizing character strings. Within subject variability of the capacity coefficient across character string types was fairly regular across normal reading adults and consistent with a previous study of word perception with the capacity coefficient-words and pseudowords were processed at super-capacity and unfamiliar characters strings at limited-capacity. Two distinct patterns were observed in individuals with dyslexia. One group had a profile similar to the normal reading adults while the other group showed very little variation in capacity across string-type. It is possible that these individuals used a similar strategy for all four string-types and were able to generalize this strategy when processing unfamiliar characters. This difference across dyslexia groups may be used to identify sub-types of the disorder and suggest significant differences in word level processing among these subtypes. Therefore, this approach may be useful in further delineating among types of dyslexia, which in turn may lead to better understanding of the etiologies of dyslexia. PMID:25954234

  14. Teaching Bayesian Behaviours to Video Game Characters

    OpenAIRE

    Le Hy, Ronan; Arrigoni, Anthony; Bessiere, Pierre; Lebeltel, Olivier

    2004-01-01

    This article explores an application of Bayesian programming to behaviours for synthetic video games characters. We address the problem of real-time reactive selection of elementary behaviours for an agent playing a first person shooter game. We show how Bayesian programming can lead to condensed and easier formalisation of finite state machine-like behaviour selection, and lend itself to learning by imitation, in a fully transparent way for the player.

  15. Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Born, Kenton; GUSTAFSON, DAVID

    2010-01-01

    High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zip...

  16. Fermionic expressions for minimal model virasoro characters

    CERN Document Server

    Welsh, Trevor A

    2005-01-01

    Fermionic expressions for all minimal model Virasoro characters $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ are stated and proved. Each such expression is a sum of terms of {\\em fundamental fermionic form} type. In most cases, all these terms are written down using certain trees which are constructed for $s$ and $r$ from the Takahashi lengths and truncated Takahashi lengths associated with the continued fraction of $p'/p$. In the remaining cases, in addition to such terms, the fermionic expression for $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ contains a different character $\\chi^{\\hat p, \\hat p'}_{\\hat r,\\hat s}$, and is thus recursive in nature. Bosonic-fermionic $q$-series identities for all characters $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$ result from equating these fermionic expressions with known bosonic expressions. In the cases for which $p=2r$, $p=3r$, $p'=2s$ or $p'=3s$, Rogers-Ramanujan type identities result from equating these fermionic expressions with known product expressions for $\\chi^{p, p'}_{r, s}$. The fermionic expressions are proved by first obta...

  17. Higher Dirac cohomology of modules with generalized infinitesimal character

    OpenAIRE

    Pandži?, Pavle; Somberg, Petr

    2013-01-01

    We modify the definition of Dirac cohomology in such a way that the standard properties of the usual Dirac cohomology, valid for modules with infinitesimal character, become valid also for modules with only generalized infinitesimal character.

  18. 47 CFR 73.4280 - Character evaluation of broadcast applicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Character evaluation of broadcast applicants. 73.4280 Section...Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4280 Character evaluation of broadcast applicants. (a) See...

  19. 29 CFR 780.706 - Recognition of character of establishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recognition of character of establishment. 780.706 Section 780.706 Labor...Recognized As A Country Elevator § 780.706 Recognition of character of establishment. A further requirement for...

  20. 42 CFR 54.5 - Religious character and independence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Religious character and independence. 54.5 Section 54.5 Public Health...TRANSITION FROM HOMELESSNESS GRANTS § 54.5 Religious character and independence. A religious organization that...

  1. 46 CFR 174.315 - Extent and character of damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Extent and character of damage. 174.315 Section 174.315 Shipping ...Freeboard Assignments Calculations § 174.315 Extent and character of damage. (a) The calculations required by §...

  2. Character sums determined by low degree isogenies of elliptic curves

    OpenAIRE

    Moody, Dustin; Rasmussen, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    We consider character sums determined by isogenies of elliptic curves over finite fields. We prove a congruence condition for character sums attached to arbitrary cyclic isogenies, and produce explicit formulas for isogenies of small degree.

  3. 42 CFR 54a.5 - Religious character and independence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Religious character and independence. 54a.5 Section 54a.5 Public Health...PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.5 Religious character and independence. A religious organization that...

  4. 14 CFR 305.10 - Nonpublic character of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonpublic character of proceedings. 305.10 Section 305.10 Aeronautics...INFORMAL NONPUBLIC INVESTIGATIONS § 305.10 Nonpublic character of proceedings. Investigations shall be...

  5. Equivalence theorems and an explicit formula for the biquantization character

    OpenAIRE

    Batakidis, Panagiotis

    2011-01-01

    We prove that the biquantization character of Cattaneo-Torossian for the reduction algebra is the character of the Penney eigendistribution from harmonic analysis on Lie groups. Part of the author's PhD thesis at University Paris 7, 2009.

  6. Create a Character and Bring History to Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Paula

    1994-01-01

    Describes how an eighth-grade teacher taught her class about Anne Frank, the Holocaust, and World War II by creating a character, playing the role of the character, and making history personal for the students. (SM)

  7. Probabilistic Artificial Neural Network For Recognizing the Arabic Hand Written Characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalaf khatatneh

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to present a new technique assists in developing a recognition system for handling the Arabic Hand Written text. The proposed system is called Arabic Hand Written Optical Character Recognition (AHOCR. AHOCR was concerned with recognition of hand written Alphanumeric Arabic characters. In the present work, extracted characters are represented by using geometric moment invariant of order three. The advantage of using moment invariant for pattern classification as compared to the other methods is its invariant with respect to its: position , size and rotation .The proposed technique was divided into three major steps : the first step was concerned with digitization and preprocessing documents to create connect components, detect the skew of characters and correct it .The second step deals with how to use geometric moment invariant features of the input Arabic characters to extract features . The third step focused on description of an advanced system of classification using Probabilistic Neural networks structure which yields significant speed improvement. Our final results indicate and clarify that the proposed AHOCR technique achieves an excellent test accuracy of recognition rated up to 97% for isolated Arabic characters and 96% for Arabic text.

  8. The Strategies for Character Building through Sports Participation

    OpenAIRE

    M. S. Omar-Fauzee; Mohd Nizam Nazarudin; Yudha M. Saputra; Nina Sutresna; Duangkrai Taweesuk; Wipoj Chansem; Rozita Abd. Latif; Soh Kim Geok

    2012-01-01

    The sport participation has been a major part of our life in the societies. Studies on sports participation have found that sports have both positive and negative influence on character buildings. It has been on-going debate on whether ‘sports build character’ but through literature analysis, author had found that ‘with the intention, sports do build character.’ Therefore, strategies of building character through sports are suggested in this paper.

  9. On Type II noncommutative geometry and the JLO character

    OpenAIRE

    Lai, Alan

    2010-01-01

    The Jaffe-Lesniewski-Osterwalder (JLO) character is a homomorphism from K-homology to entire cyclic cohomology. This paper extends the domain of the JLO character to include Type II noncommutative geometry, the geometry represented by unbounded $\\theta$-summable Breuer-Fredholm modules; and shows that the JLO character coincides with the Chern-Connes character as a class in entire cyclic cohomolgoy.

  10. Investigation of Shapes and Colours as Elements of Character Design

    OpenAIRE

    Fogelstro?m, Elise

    2013-01-01

    Character design is applied widely both in the game and movie industry. For character designers, it is essential to design intuitively and to avoid repeated and unfulfilling designs. To understand certain methodologies used in design, this degree project investigates if there are further limitations or considerations that need more attention when designing purposeful characters. To get an overview if culture, age and gender affect the choice of shapes and colour schemes of characters, as a me...

  11. Multiple classifier for degraded machine printed character recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Namane, A.; Meyrueis, P.

    2008-01-01

    The general problem of optical character recognition (OCR) remains a fundamental but not entirely solved issue in document analysis. In spite of significant improvements in the area of optical character recognition, the recognition of degraded printed characters, in particular, is still lacking satisfactory solutions. This paper presents an OCR method that combines the Hopfield network with a set of autoassociators for degraded character recognition. In the serial combination, the first class...

  12. Principally specialized characters of sl(m|1)^-modules

    OpenAIRE

    Murakami, Takuya

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we calculate a series of principally specialized characters of the $\\hat{\\mathfrak{sl}}(m|1)$-modules of level 1. In particular, we show that the principally specialized characters of the basic modules $L(\\Lambda_0)$ is expressed as an infinite product. And we deduce the specialized character formula of ``quasiparticle'' type.

  13. Children's Wishful Identification and Parasocial Interaction with Favorite Television Characters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffner, Cynthia

    1996-01-01

    Interviewed about favorite TV characters, 91% of boys and 53% of girls ages 7-12 chose same-sex favorites. For male characters, wishful identification was predicted by intelligence and (for girls only) humor; parasocial interaction was predicted by intelligence, attractiveness, and (for boys only) strength. For female characters (chosen only by…

  14. Character Education in Three Schools: Catholic, Quaker and Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meidl, Christopher; Meidl, Tynisha

    2013-01-01

    Character education has always played a role in the purpose of schools. Most US states have a statement about character education as a part of the mission of the schools. This research studied how character education was perceived by participants in regards to school mission statements/philosophies, school atmosphere and curriculum in a Catholic…

  15. 38 CFR 3.12 - Character of discharge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Character of discharge. 3.12 Section 3...Indemnity Compensation General § 3.12 Character of discharge. (a) If the...Department of Veterans Affairs as to character of discharge. (b) A...

  16. How Character Complexity Modulates Eye Movement Control in Chinese Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Guojie; Li, Xingshan

    2015-01-01

    This empirical study examined whether the visual complexities of the first and second characters in two-character words play similar roles in modulating the fixation time and saccade target selection during un-spaced Chinese reading. Consistent with prior research, words with low-complexity characters were fixated for shorter times than words with…

  17. 12 CFR 925.12 - Character of management requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Character of management requirement. 925.12...Eligibility Requirements § 925.12 Character of management requirement. An applicant...be deemed to be in compliance with the character of management requirement of...

  18. Picture This: Visual Literacy as a Pathway to Character Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prior, Lori Ann; Willson, Angeli; Martinez, Miriam

    2012-01-01

    The literary element of character is critical to literary meaning-making, and in picturebooks images provide information important to understanding characters. This manuscript shares results of an investigation that explored the kinds of pictorial information young children use to gain insights into the characters and provide practical ways…

  19. 76 FR 65095 - National Character Counts Week, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ...Proclamation 8737 of October 14, 2011 National Character Counts Week, 2011 By the President of...have been guided by the strength of our character. With resilience and compassion, we...our shared humanity. During National Character Counts Week, we celebrate our...

  20. 26 CFR 1.652(b)-1 - Character of amounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Character of amounts. 1.652(b)-1 Section...Current Income Only § 1.652(b)-1 Character of amounts. In determining the...under § 1.652(a)-1 have the same character in the hands of the...

  1. Educating Moral People: A Caring Alternative to Character Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noddings, Nel

    An alternative to character education is care ethics. The ethics of care can be seen as fundamentally relational, not individual-agent-based in the way of virtue ethics, and the ethics of care is more indirect than character education. After an introductory chapter that outlines the similarities and differences between character education and care…

  2. Counter-example to conjectured SU(N) character asymptotics

    OpenAIRE

    Tate, T.; Zelditch, S.

    2003-01-01

    We give a counterexample to the large $N$ asymptotics of character values $\\chi_R(U)$ of irreducible characters of SU(N) conjectured in papers of Gross-Matytsin and Kazakov-Wynter in 1995. Our counterexample is based on Kostant's calculation of values of SU(N) characters on Coxeter elements.

  3. Culture or Disability? Examining Deaf Characters in Children's Book Illustrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golos, Debbie B.; Moses, Annie M.; Wolbers, Kimberly A.

    2012-01-01

    Picture books can influence how children perceive those from backgrounds and cultures different from their own. Studies have been conducted examining how the text of children's literature portrays multicultural characters or characters with disabilities. However, few have looked specifically at the portrayal of characters through illustrations,…

  4. Computer-Generated, Three-Dimensional Character Animation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Baerle, Susan Lynn

    This master's thesis begins by discussing the differences between 3-D computer animation of solid three-dimensional, or monolithic, objects, and the animation of characters, i.e., collections of movable parts with soft pliable surfaces. Principles from two-dimensional character animation that can be transferred to three-dimensional character…

  5. Plausibility Effects when Reading One- and Two-Character Words in Chinese: Evidence from Eye Movements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jinmian; Staub, Adrian; Li, Nan; Wang, Suiping; Rayner, Keith

    2012-01-01

    Eye movements of Chinese readers were monitored as they read sentences containing a critical character that was either a 1-character word or the initial character of a 2-character word. Due to manipulation of the verb prior to the target word, the 1-character target word (or the first character of the 2-character target word) was either plausible…

  6. Reading, Writing, and Animation in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Chang, Li-Yun; Zhang, Juan; Perfetti, Charles A.

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that writing helps reading development in Chinese in both first and second language settings by enabling higher-quality orthographic representation of the characters. This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of reading, animation, and writing in developing foreign language learners' orthographic knowledge…

  7. A faculty development workshop in narrative-based reflective writing

    OpenAIRE

    Boudreau, J. Donald; Liben, Stephen; Fuks, Abraham

    2012-01-01

    Narrative approaches are used increasingly in the health professions with a range of objectives. We must acquaint educators with this burgeoning field and prepare them for the incorporation of story-telling in their pedagogical practices. The authors describe a template for a faculty development workshop designed to foster self-reflection through the use of narrative techniques and prepare clinical teachers to deploy such approaches. The design is based on a six-year experience in delivering ...

  8. Parental care-giving and home environment predicting offspring's temperament and character traits after 18 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josefsson, Kim; Jokela, Markus; Hintsanen, Mirka; Cloninger, Claude Robert; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Merjonen, Päivi; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa

    2013-10-30

    Although many personality theories emphasize the role of parental behaviors in shaping personality development, empirical data from longitudinal studies remain scarce. It is also not known, if parental behaviors affect character development more strongly than temperament or vice versa. In a prospective study, 1083 volunteer participants of the Young Finns study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Parents of the participants had answered questions about parenting attitudes, socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and role satisfaction 18 years before. We studied the univariate and the cumulative effects of parental care-giving and family environment on offspring's personality traits. Parental care-giving and home-environment were more strongly associated with offspring character traits reflecting personality maturity (Self-directedness and Cooperativeness) than with offspring temperament traits (Novelty seeking, Harm avoidance, Reward dependence and Persistence) reflecting emotional and behavioral tendencies. The differences were most evident in the cumulative effects model. Maternal variables were stronger predictors than paternal variables. The present findings suggest that not all personality traits are similarly predicted by parental care-giving and home-environment. In particular, character development is more strongly related to such measures than temperament. Parental care-giving and home-environment are more strongly related to psychological maturity (character) than emotional and behavioral tendencies (temperament). PMID:23380545

  9. Evaluation of Seedling Characters on Perennial Ryegrasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suleyman Sengul

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of seedling characters on perennial ryegrasses studied of different parental plants for seed multiplication. There is a significant difference between germination percentages on different parental groups, which indicated that two parental plants represent at this experiments had lower germinations than the other parental groups. Eights parental plants represent significantly lower dry weights, and higher coleoptile?s numbers were recorded on four parental plants. There is a positive significant correlation (0.887** between coleoptiles numbers and numbers of inflorescences and also seedling yields (0.917**.

  10. E(5) Characters to 100-Ru Isotope

    OpenAIRE

    Diab S. M.; Eid S. A.

    2013-01-01

    The positive and negative parity states of 100Ru isotope are studied within the frame work of the interacting boson approximation model (IBA ? 1). The calculated levels energy, potential energy surfaces, V(?, ?), and the electromagnetic transition probabilities, B(E1) and B(E2), show that 100Ru isotope has E(5) Characters. Staggering effect, ?I=1, has been observed between the positive and negative parity states. The electric monopole strength, X(E0/E2), has been calculated. All calculat...

  11. ZBrush Character Creation Advanced Digital Sculpting

    CERN Document Server

    Spencer, Scott

    2011-01-01

    A stunning, content-rich update to this top-selling ZBrush guide! This second edition of ZBrush Character Creation has been fully updated for ZBrush 4, the newest version of this fascinating and popular 3D sculpting software. ZBrush enables users to create detailed organic models using a brush-based toolset and tablet. The startling results look as though they've been painted with real brushes and oils, and ZBrush is increasingly popular for use in film, game, and broadcast pipelines. Author Scott Spencer is embedded in the ZBrush community and his movie credits include Harry Potter and The Or

  12. The Hodge theory of character varieties

    CERN Document Server

    de Cataldo, Mark Andrea

    2010-01-01

    This is a report on joint work with T. Hausel and L. Migliorini, where we prove, for each of the groups GL(2,C), PGL(2,C), SL(2,C), that the non-Abelian Hodge theorem identifies the weight filtration on the cohomology of the character variety with the perverse Leray filtration on the cohomology of the domain of the Hitchin map. We review the decomposition theorem, N\\^go's support theorem, the geometric description of the perverse filtration and the sub-additivity of the Leray filtration with respect to the cup product.

  13. How familiar characters influence children's judgments about information and products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danovitch, Judith H; Mills, Candice M

    2014-12-01

    Children are exposed to advertisements and products that incorporate familiar characters, such as Dora the Explorer and Bob the Builder, virtually from birth. How does the presence of these characters influence children's judgments about information and products? Three experiments (N=125) explored how 4-year-olds evaluate messages from familiar characters and how their trust in a familiar character's testimony relates to their product preferences. Children endorsed objective and subjective claims made by a familiar character more often than those made by a perceptually similar but unfamiliar character even in situations where they had evidence that the familiar character was unreliable. Children also preferred low-quality products bearing a familiar character's image over high-quality products without a character image up to 74% of the time (whereas control groups preferred the low-quality products less than 6% of the time when they did not include a character image). These findings suggest that young children are powerfully influenced by familiar characters encountered in the media, leaving them vulnerable to advertising messages and clouding their judgments about products. PMID:25038449

  14. Population regulation and character displacement in a seasonal environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg, Emma E; Lande, Russell; Price, Trevor D

    2012-06-01

    Competition has negative effects on population size and also drives ecological character displacement, that is, evolutionary divergence to utilize different portions of the resource spectrum. Many species undergo an annual cycle composed of a lean season of intense competition for resources and a breeding season. We use a quantitative genetic model to study the effects of differential reproductive output in the summer or breeding season on character displacement in the winter or nonbreeding season. The model is developed with reference to the avian family of Old World leaf warblers (Phylloscopidae), which breed in the temperate regions of Eurasia and winter in tropical and subtropical regions. Empirical evidence implicates strong winter density-dependent regulation driven by food shortage, but paradoxically, the relative abundance of each species appears to be determined by conditions in the summer. We show how population regulation in the two seasons becomes linked, with higher reproductive output by one species in the summer resulting in its evolution to occupy a larger portion of niche space in the winter. We find short-term ecological processes and longer-term evolutionary processes to have comparable effects on a species population size. This modeling approach can also be applied to other differential effects of productivity across seasons. PMID:22617259

  15. DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERS OF PATIENTS WITH TUBERCOLOSIS: ISFAHAN 1998-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H SALEHI

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Tuberculosis is a wide spread disease in the world. It is a health problem in every where. The prevalence of tuberculosis have been increased since several years ago due to some factors such as AIDS. For management of this problem, we need to data about our identified patients. Then we can have a solution for disease control. We demonstrate the patients demographic characters in our province. Methods. All of 164 identified patients under treatment for tuberculosis in Isfahan province were studied (1998-1999. Demographic data such as age, sex, nationality and gender and some characters about their discase was collected. HIV screening was done for all patients by ELISA method and documented in suspicious patients by western blot test. Results. Male to female ratio was 21:20. About 70 percent of patients had primary lung tuberculosis. Skeletal TB was the most common type of extrapulmonary invasion. Seventy four patients were Afghanian and 90 patients were Iranian. Only one patient (a 14 years old boy was positive for HIV infection. He was a hemophilic patient with history of infected blood transfusion. Discussion. Compared to developed and far east countries, in our country, HIV infection is not a frequent infection in tuberculosis patients. This study shows that migration from Afghanestan to Iran is a very important affecting factor in tuberculosis epidemiology in our region.

  16. Progress in Gujarati Document Processing and Character Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dholakia, Jignesh; Negi, Atul; Mohan, S. Rama

    Gujarati is an Indic script similar in appearance to other Indo-Aryan scripts. Printed Gujarati script has a rich literary heritage. From an OCR perspective it needs a different treatment due to some of its peculiarities. Research on Gujarati OCR is a recent development as compared to OCR research on many other Indic scripts. Here, in this chapter we present a detailed account of the state of the art of Gujarati document analysis and character recognition. We begin with approaches to zone boundary detection, necessary for the isolation of words and character segmentation and recognition. We show results of various feature extraction techniques such as fringe maps, discrete cosine transform, and wavelets. Zone information and aspect ratios are also used for classification. We present recognition results with two types of classifiers, viz., nearest neighbor classifier and artificial neural networks. Results of experiments wherein various combinations of feature extraction methods with classifiers are also presented. We find that general regression neural network with wavelets feature gives best results with significant time saving in training. Since Indic scripts require syllabic reconstruction from OCR components, a procedure for text generation from the recognized glyph sequences and a method for post-processing is also described.

  17. On the quantitative genetics of mixture characters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gianola, Daniel; Heringstad, Bjorg; Odegaard, Jorgen

    2006-08-01

    Finite mixture models are helpful for uncovering heterogeneity due to hidden structure. Quantitative genetics issues of continuous characters having a finite mixture of Gaussian components as statistical distribution are explored in this article. The partition of variance in a mixture, the covariance between relatives under the supposition of an additive genetic model, and the offspring-parent regression are derived. Formulas for assessing the effect of mass selection operating on a mixture are given. Expressions for the genetic and phenotypic correlations between mixture and Gaussian traits and between two mixture traits are presented. It is found that, if there is heterogeneity in a population at the genetic or environmental level, then genetic parameters based on theory treating distributions as homogeneous can lead to misleading interpretations. Some peculiarities of mixture characters are: heritability depends on the mean values of the component distributions, the offspring-parent regression is nonlinear, and genetic or phenotypic correlations cannot be interpreted devoid of the mixture proportions and of the parameters of the distributions mixed. PMID:16624917

  18. Shape analysis modeling for character recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Nadeem A. M.; Hegt, Hans A.

    1998-10-01

    Optimal shape modeling of character-classes is crucial for achieving high performance on recognition of mixed-font, hand-written or (and) poor quality text. A novel scheme is presented in this regard focusing on constructing such structural models that can be hierarchically examined. These models utilize a certain `well-thought' set of shape primitives. They are simplified enough to ignore the inter- class variations in font-type or writing style yet retaining enough details for discrimination between the samples of the similar classes. Thus the number of models per class required can be kept minimal without sacrificing the recognition accuracy. In this connection a flexible multi- stage matching scheme exploiting the proposed modeling is also described. This leads to a system which is robust against various distortions and degradation including those related to cases of touching and broken characters. Finally, we present some examples and test results as a proof-of- concept demonstrating the validity and the robustness of the approach.

  19. Polytope expansion of Lie characters and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The weight systems of finite-dimensional representations of complex, simple Lie algebras exhibit patterns beyond Weyl-group symmetry. These patterns occur because weight systems can be decomposed into lattice polytopes in a natural way. Since lattice polytopes are relatively simple, this decomposition is useful, in addition to being more economical than the decomposition into single weights. An expansion of characters into polytope sums follows from the polytope decomposition of weight systems. We study this polytope expansion here. A new, general formula is given for the polytope sums involved. The combinatorics of the polytope expansion are analyzed; we point out that they are reduced from those of the Weyl character formula (described by the Kostant partition function) in an optimal way. We also show that the weight multiplicities can be found easily from the polytope multiplicities, indicating explicitly the equivalence of the two descriptions. Finally, we demonstrate the utility of the polytope expansion by showing how polytope multiplicities can be used in the calculation of tensor product decompositions, and subalgebra branching rules

  20. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Menengah Pertama dengan Sistem Character Based Integrated Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Kurniati

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakFokus dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan suatu perangkat pembelajaran matematika SMP dengan menerapkan sistem Character Based Integrated Learning yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Perangkat pembelajaran tersebut meliputi RPP, LKS, Buku Siswa dan Instru-men Penilaian. Pada sistem Character Based Integrated Learning, kegiatan belajar meng-ajar mengacu pada 9 pilar karakter anak. Prosedur pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah tahap pendefinisian (define, perancangan (de-sign, dan pengembangan (develop dengan mengacu pada kriteria kevalidan, kepraktisan dan keefektifan. RPP, LKS, dan Buku Siswa yang dihasilkan pada penelitian ini memenuhi kriteria kevalidan dengan skor validasi berturut-turut adalah 3.73, 4, dan 4 dengan skala 1-4. Selain itu, perangkat pembelajaran tersebut juga memenuhi kriteria kepraktisan karena  85% siswa dan guru menyatakan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran praktis digunakan ketika uji keterbacaan. Serta memenuhi kriteria keefektifan karena terdapat 90% siswa tuntas terhadap hasil belajar dan 80% siswa berkarakter baik. Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika, Sistem Character Based Integrated Learning  AbstractThe focus of this research is to develop a set of mathematical learning SMP system by implementing Character -Based Integrated Learning valid, practical, and effective. The learning device includes lesson plans, worksheets, Student Book and Instrument. In Character Based Integrated Learning systems, learning activities refer to the 9 pillars of character kids. Learning software development procedures used in this study is the definition phase (define, design (design, and development (develop with reference to the criteria of validity, practicality and effectiveness. Lesson plans, worksheets, and books produced by students in this study meets the criteria for the validity of the validation scores are respectively 3.73, 4, and 4. In addition, the learning device also meets the criteria of practicality because 85 % of students and teachers stated that the practical learning is used when the test readability. And meet the criteria of effectiveness because there are 90 % of students completed the study and 80 % student’s result of good character. Keywords: Teaching Material Development; Character Based Integrated Learning System.

  1. Among-character rate variation distributions in phylogenetic analysis of discrete morphological characters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Luke B; Larsson, Hans C E

    2015-03-01

    Likelihood-based methods are commonplace in phylogenetic systematics. Although much effort has been directed toward likelihood-based models for molecular data, comparatively less work has addressed models for discrete morphological character (DMC) data. Among-character rate variation (ACRV) may confound phylogenetic analysis, but there have been few analyses of the magnitude and distribution of rate heterogeneity among DMCs. Using 76 data sets covering a range of plants, invertebrate, and vertebrate animals, we used a modified version of MrBayes to test equal, gamma-distributed and lognormally distributed models of ACRV, integrating across phylogenetic uncertainty using Bayesian model selection. We found that in approximately 80% of data sets, unequal-rates models outperformed equal-rates models, especially among larger data sets. Moreover, although most data sets were equivocal, more data sets favored the lognormal rate distribution relative to the gamma rate distribution, lending some support for more complex character correlations than in molecular data. Parsimony estimation of the underlying rate distributions in several data sets suggests that the lognormal distribution is preferred when there are many slowly evolving characters and fewer quickly evolving characters. The commonly adopted four rate category discrete approximation used for molecular data was found to be sufficient to approximate a gamma rate distribution with discrete characters. However, among the two data sets tested that favored a lognormal rate distribution, the continuous distribution was better approximated with at least eight discrete rate categories. Although the effect of rate model on the estimation of topology was difficult to assess across all data sets, it appeared relatively minor between the unequal-rates models for the one data set examined carefully. As in molecular analyses, we argue that researchers should test and adopt the most appropriate model of rate variation for the data set in question. As discrete characters are increasingly used in more sophisticated likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses, it is important that these studies be built on the most appropriate and carefully selected underlying models of evolution. PMID:25527198

  2. Formación, desarrollo y caracterización fenotípica de los caracteres productivos y reproductivos del hato Romosinuano del banco de germoplasma de Colombia / Training, development and phenotypic characterization of productive and reproductive characters Romosinuano herd of gene bank Colombia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gustavo, Ossa Saraz; Adriana, David Hinestroza; Martha, Santana Rodríguez; Sony, Reza García; Juan, Pérez García; Yesid, Abuabara Pérez.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La formación y documentación del hato para la conservación del banco de germoplasma de la raza bovina criolla Romosinuano se inició en 1936; actualmente se cuenta con ocho familias y 502 ejemplares que permanecen en custodia en el Centro de Investigación Turipaná de Corpoica, Cereté, Colombia. Los d [...] atos registrados han sido digitados, ordenados, clasificados y analizados; lo cual permitió determinar el origen de los 270 animales que conformaron el hato inicial, procedentes de 11 hatos de las fincas: El Torno (43%), La Granja (16%), El Recreo (14%), Los Pinos (10%) y el 17% restante de La Vorágine, Colombia, Marta Magdalena y El Chorrillo. Aplicando el método de los cuadrados mínimos y el procedimiento de modelos lineales generalizados (generalized linear model GLM) (SAS, 1995), se obtuvo la caracterización fenotípica de los pesos de animales en diferentes edades y etapas de producción: edad de la vaca al primer parto e intervalo entre partos; peso del ternero al nacer, al destete, a los 16 meses ajustados; peso de la vaca al primer parto, al parto y al destete del ternero; obtenido de 12673, 6543, 4363, 620, 7178 y 2847 registros, con valores de: 29,5±3,5, 163±35, 230±45, 393±51, 444±64 y 447±60 kg, respectivamente; la edad ajustada al destete y al primer parto, obtenidas a partir de 6572 y 2064 registros fueron 256±23 y 1133±200 días, respectivamente; el intervalo entre partos a partir de 9435 registros fue de 422±131 días. La eficiencia reproductiva de 86,3% confirma la adaptación de la raza en el valle del Sinú, Colombia. Abstract in english The development and documentation of the gene bank of the Romosinuano native cattle breed herd for conservation purposes began in 1936; currently it is composed of 8 families and 502 individuals that are kept at Corpoica's Turipaná Research Center, in Cereté, Colombia. Digitalized data has been sort [...] ed, classified and analyzed, establishing the origin of the 270 animals that made up the initial herd from 11 herds: El Torno (43%), La Granja (16%), El Recreo (14%), Los Pinos (10%) and the remaining 17% of La Vorágine, Colombia, Marta Magdalena and El Chorrillo. Applying the least squares method and the GLM procedure (SAS, 1995) a phenotypic characterization of the weights of animals at different ages and stages of production, age at first calving and calving interval, birth weight, weaning 16 months adjusted weight at first calving, cow weight at calving and cow weight at weaning of the calf was obtained from 12673, 6543, 4363, 620, 7178 and 2847 records, with values of: 29.5±3.5, 163±35, 230±45, 393±51, 444±64 and 447±60 kg respectively; the adjusted age at weaning and at first birth, obtained from 6572 and 2064 records were 256±23 and 1133±200 days, respectively; the calving interval from 9435 record was 422±131 days. Reproductive efficiency of 86.3% confirms the adaptation of the breed in the Sinú valley.

  3. What does your actor remember? Towards characters with a full episodic memory.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brom, C.; Pešková, K.; Lukavský, Ji?í

    Berlin : Springer, 2007 - (Cavazza, M.; Donikian, S.), s. 89-101 ISBN 978-3-540-77037-4. ISSN 0302-9743. - (Lecture notes in computer science. -. 4871). [4th International Conference on Virtual Storytelling. S.Malo (FR), 05.12.2007-07.12.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : episodic memory * virtual agent Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  4. The influence of media characters on children's food choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotler, Jennifer A; Schiffman, Jennifer M; Hanson, Katherine G

    2012-01-01

    Two experiments were conducted to assess the role of media characters in influencing children's food choices; the first focused on children's self-reported preference, whereas the second focused on actual choice. The results of the experiments suggest that popular characters can make a difference in encouraging children to select one food over another. In the first experiment, children were more likely to indicate a preference for one food over another when one was associated with characters that they liked and with whom they were familiar. This effect was particularly strong when a sugary or salty snack branded by a favored character was competing with a healthier option branded by an unknown character or no character. Alternatively, when children were asked to choose between a healthy food and a sugary or salty snack, branding of the healthy food with a favored character did not significantly change appeal of that healthy snack. However, when foods within the same category (i.e., 2 vegetables, 2 fruits, or 2 grains) were asked to compete against each other, character branding strongly influenced children's food choice. Findings from the second experiment suggest that children are more willing to try more pieces of a healthy food if a favored character, in comparison with an unknown character, is promoting that food. PMID:22475307

  5. Liking them thin: adolescents' favorite television characters and body image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Te'eni-Harari, Tali; Eyal, Keren

    2015-05-01

    Considering the alarming worldwide increases in eating disorders among adolescents, thought to be linked with body image, this study uses social cognitive theory as a framework to combine the examination of adolescent body image with the topic of mediated characters. The study places a new focus in this realm on favorite television characters, extending past research on general social comparison tendencies or comparisons with unfamiliar mediated models. A survey of 756 students in Grades 7-8 and 10-11 identified their favorite same-gender television characters as well as the adolescents' body image and social comparison with the characters. The survey was accompanied by a content analysis of the favorite characters and their body sizes. Adolescents' favorite television characters were mostly identified as thin or average in body size. The thinner the characters, the more adolescents self-compared with them. The discrepancy between the adolescents' body size and that of their favorite characters significantly and negatively predicted adolescents' body image both directly and indirectly through its relationship with social comparison with the character. The study finds that television characters are important references for adolescents and may serve as targets for social comparison in the context of body image. PMID:25832319

  6. Gray-scale-image-based character recognition algorithm for low-quality and low-resolution images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuewen; Ding, Xiaoqing; Liu, Changsong

    2000-12-01

    Character recognition in low quality and low-resolution images is still a challenging problem. In this paper a gray-scale image based character recognition algorithm is proposed, which is specially suit to gray scale images captured from real world or very low quality character recognition. In our research, we classify the deformations of the low quality and low-resolution character images into two categories: (1) High spatial frequency deformations derived from either the blur distortion by the point spread function (PSF) of scanners or cameras, random noises, or character deformations; (b) Low spatial frequency deformations mainly derived from the large- scale background variations. The traditional recognition methods based on binary images cannot give satisfactory results in these images because these deformations will result in great amount of strokes touch or stroke broken in the binarization process. In the proposed method, we directly extract transform features on the gray-scale character images, which will avoid the shortcomings produced by binarization process. Our method differs from the existing gray-scale methods in that it avoids the difficult and unstable step of finding character structures in the images. By applying adequate feature selection algorithms, such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA) or principal component analysis (PCA), we can select the low frequency components that preserve the fundamental shape of characters and discard the high frequency deformation components. We also develop a gray- level histogram based algorithm using native integral ratio (NIR) technique to find a threshold to remove the backgrounds of character images while maintaining the details of the character strokes as much as possible. Experiments have shown that this method is especially effective for recognition of images of low quality and low-resolution.

  7. The Socialization Model of National Character Education for Students in Elementary School Through Comic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Marhaeni Puji Astuti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizing the character building on students is a national education goal. The character education is very important for the students. Therefore, the socialization and enculturation of national character education in schools by using an effective and efficient method are needed. This study aims to understand the process of socialization of character education in elementary school, to find the effective way of socialization models of national character education for students in elementary school through comics, and to determine the impact of socialization models of national character education for students in elementary school through the comic for the character building of students. This research was conducted using qualitative methods (Research & Development. The data collection techniques used were interviews, observation and documentation. The results show that the socialization of the nation’s character education in primary schools is done in several ways; integrated with in the curriculum through the school management, and through extracurricular programs. Those ways do not seem to produce maximum results. Socialization model of the national character of education in the elementary schools through the comic is more effective to apply, because students are more interested in the visualization of interesting and familiar images.Menyadari pembangunan karakter siswa adalah tujuan pendidikan nasional. Pendidikan karakter sangat penting bagi para siswa. Oleh karena itu, sosialisasi dan enkulturasi pendidikan karakter bangsa di sekolah-sekolah dengan menggunakan metode yang efektif dan efisien diperlukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami proses sosialisasi pendidikan karakter di sekolah dasar, untuk menemukan cara yang efektif untuk model sosialisasi pendidikan karakter bangsa bagi siswa di sekolah dasar melalui komik, dan untuk menentukan dampak dari model sosialisasi pendidikan karakter bangsa bagi siswa di sekolah dasar melalui komik untuk membangun karakter siswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif (Research & Development. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa sosialisasi pendidikan karakter bangsa di sekolah dasar ini dilakukan dengan beberapa cara, terintegrasi dengan subjek termasuk, melalui manajemen sekolah, dan melalui program ekstrakurikuler. Mereka cara tampaknya tidak menghasilkan hasil yang maksimal. Model Sosialisasi karakter nasional pendidikan di sekolah dasar melalui komik lebih efektif untuk diterapkan, karena siswa lebih tertarik pada visualisasi gambar yang menarik dan akrab.

  8. A secondary character of the gravitational interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Vladimirov, Yu S

    1999-01-01

    In the framework of the relational approach to the nature of classical space-time and physical interactions (binary geometrodynamics) it is shown that the gravitational interaction has a secondary character being due to electromagnetic (electroweak) interactions. In this approach there is no classical space-time a priori given, and as primary notions there appear two sets of elements describing initial and final states of particles and complex relations (numbers) between them. The notions of classical coordinates and physical fields are constructed of the relations in passing from separate particles to macro-objects. The relations satisfy the law-an algebraic relationship linking all possible pair relations between r elements of the first set and s elements of the second one. The number pairs (r, s) define a rank of the binary system of complex relations (BSCR) corresponding to dimensionality in geometry. The electroweak relations (and partly weak ones) of leptons are described in the framework of a BSCR of r...

  9. Movie Character Identification Using Graph Matching Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaik.Kartheek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the era of the technical revolution, Information Technology play the most important role in making the system better, smarter and easier etc. In the context of the considering the aspect of the image data processing and the fact of the identifying the name based on the some graphical approach where many classical approach has formulated to give the system in the better to the industry of Image Processing. In this Paper we try to put the concept of the partition graph based approach where we considered the robustness and accuracy and effectiveness to implement the concept. We have considered the repetitive algorithm to compare based on the quality in order to maintain the quality. In the partition of the graph where the matching of the character of the image or the motion picture may vary with respect to the face which is the first recognition thread.

  10. Microstructure and Slip Character in Titanium Alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Banerjee

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available Influence of microstructures in titanium alloys on the basic parameters of deformation behaviour such as slip character, slip length and slip intensity have been explored. Commercial titanium alloys contain the hexagonal close packed (alpha and body centred cubic (bita phases. Slip in these individual phases is shown to be dependent on the nature of alloying elements through their effect on phase stability as related to decomposition into ordered or w structures. When alpha and bita coexist, their relative crystallographic orientations, size, shape and volume fraction, control the nature of slip. For a given composition, structure may be manipulated through appropriate thermomechanical treatment to obtain the desired deformation behaviour and therefore fracture mode.

  11. Inheritance of morphological characters in sorghum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Nagaraja Reddy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor is an important food andfodder crop in India and the world. It has a number ofadvantages which have made it the traditional staplecereal crop in subsistence or low-resource agriculture inthe hot semi-arid regions. Morphological variants withdistinct phenotypic expression can be used to establishlinkages and for indirect selection if found associatedwith useful traits. However, for constructing linkagemaps, a sufficiently large number of distinct morphologicaltraits is required. Several morphological variants fordifferent plant parts, such as leaf, stem, spike, grainpeduncle, etc have been reported in sorghum (IBPGRand ICRISAT 1993. Among the many traits, brown andpithy leaf midrib, presence of awn, type of glumes in thepanicles and plant color, ie, anthocyanin pigmentation ofleaf sheath have been found to be useful as markers sincethey are associated with one or the other economicallyimportant traits such as increased fodder quality (brownmidrib (Porter et al. 1978 and resistance to bird damage(presence of awns (Kullaiswamy and Goud 1983. Closedglume type panicles have advantage over open typepanicles in offering resistance to grain mold infection(Murty 2000 and tan-colored plants are most preferredin seed industry as they exhibit immunity to variousfungal diseases (Melake-Berhan et al. 1996. A recentreport on the effects of plant color on agronomiccharacters of sorghum showed lower grain yields from agroup of tan hybrids compared to pigmented hybrids(Williams-Alanis et al. 1995. Further, such traits are moreimportant from the point of identification of cultivar,which is much needed in the present era of plant varietyprotection (Roy et al. 2004. In view of the importance ofthese characters in sorghum, an attempt has been made tostudy the inheritance of these characters using a set ofcultivars.

  12. Character as a predictor of reproductive health outcomes for youth: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    House, Lawrence Duane; Mueller, Trisha; Reininger, Belinda; Brown, Kathryn; Markham, Christine M

    2010-03-01

    To review research examining the influence of character on adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH). We defined character as comprising two positive youth development constructs: prosocial norms and spirituality. We conducted a systematic review of behavioral research published from 1985 through 2007 that examined the association between two character constructs (prosocial norms and spirituality) and ASRH outcomes. We coded results as showing a protective association, risk association, or no association, and as longitudinal, or cross-sectional. We considered consistent associations from at least two longitudinal studies for a given outcome to be sufficient evidence for a protective or risk association. There is sufficient evidence to indicate that prosocial norms and spirituality can be protective factors for some ASRH outcomes including intention to have sex, early sex or ever having sex, contraceptive and condom use, frequency of sex, and pregnancy. The generalizability of findings by age, race/ethnicity, and gender was unclear. Findings suggest that some character sub-constructs are associated with a reduced likelihood of several adverse ASRH outcomes and with an increased likelihood of using contraceptives and intending to use condoms. Further research is needed to better understand mixed results and results showing some character sub-constructs, such as religious affiliation, to be associated with adverse ASRH outcomes. PMID:20172460

  13. Maturity and change in personality: developmental trends of temperament and character in adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josefsson, Kim; Jokela, Markus; Cloninger, C Robert; Hintsanen, Mirka; Salo, Johanna; Hintsa, Taina; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa

    2013-08-01

    We studied the developmental trends of temperament and character in a longitudinal population-based sample of Finnish men and women aged 20-45 years using the Temperament and Character Inventory model of personality. Personality was assessed in 1997, 2001, and 2007 (n = 2,104, 2,095, and 2,056, respectively). Mean-level changes demonstrated qualitatively distinct developmental patterns for character (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) and temperament (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence). Character developed toward greater maturity, although self-transcendence decreased with age. However, self-transcendence was the strongest predictor of overall personality change. Cohort effects indicated lower level of self-transcendence and higher level of self-directedness and cooperativeness in younger birth cohorts. Regarding temperament, novelty seeking decreased and persistence increased slightly with age. Both high novelty seeking and high persistence predicted overall personality change. These findings suggest that temperament and character traits follow different kinds of developmental trajectories. PMID:23880387

  14. Deep Self-Taught Learning for Handwritten Character Recognition

    CERN Document Server

    Bastien, Frédéric; Bergeron, Arnaud; Boulanger-Lewandowski, Nicolas; Breuel, Thomas; Chherawala, Youssouf; Cisse, Moustapha; Côté, Myriam; Erhan, Dumitru; Eustache, Jeremy; Glorot, Xavier; Muller, Xavier; Lebeuf, Sylvain Pannetier; Pascanu, Razvan; Rifai, Salah; Savard, Francois; Sicard, Guillaume

    2010-01-01

    Recent theoretical and empirical work in statistical machine learning has demonstrated the importance of learning algorithms for deep architectures, i.e., function classes obtained by composing multiple non-linear transformations. Self-taught learning (exploiting unlabeled examples or examples from other distributions) has already been applied to deep learners, but mostly to show the advantage of unlabeled examples. Here we explore the advantage brought by {\\em out-of-distribution examples}. For this purpose we developed a powerful generator of stochastic variations and noise processes for character images, including not only affine transformations but also slant, local elastic deformations, changes in thickness, background images, grey level changes, contrast, occlusion, and various types of noise. The out-of-distribution examples are obtained from these highly distorted images or by including examples of object classes different from those in the target test set. We show that {\\em deep learners benefit more...

  15. Literary analytical discussion of digital storytelling and its relation to automated narration: Presentation held at the Annual Human-Computer Interaction Conference (HCI), Workshop "Understanding User Experience: Literary Analysis Meets HCI". London, 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Braun, N.; SCHNEIDER, O; Habinger, G.

    2002-01-01

    Digital Storytelling, a new form of interactive narration, is discussed in regard to literary theory and computer science. The discussion leads into our approach of automated narration as a data structuring method for information systems. The usage of the approach in recent projects is quoted to describe the functional practice of interactive narrative systems in Human-Computer Interaction.

  16. Effect of refractive error on temperament and character properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Kalkan Akcay

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To determine the effect of refractive error on temperament and character properties using Cloninger’s psychobiological model of personality. METHODS: Using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI, the temperament and character profiles of 41 participants with refractive errors (17 with myopia, 12 with hyperopia, and 12 with myopic astigmatism were compared to those of 30 healthy control participants. Here, temperament comprised the traits of novelty seeking, harm-avoidance, and reward dependence, while character comprised traits of self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence. RESULTS: Participants with refractive error showed significantly lower scores on purposefulness, cooperativeness, empathy, helpfulness, and compassion (PCONCLUSION: Refractive error might have a negative influence on some character traits, and different types of refractive error might have different temperament and character properties. These personality traits may be implicated in the onset and/or perpetuation of refractive errors and may be a productive focus for psychotherapy.

  17. International Children's Trade Books: Building Blocks for Character Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Terrell A.; Hadaway, Nancy L.; Ward, Barbara A.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of character education has been emphasized since ancient times across cultures and religions as a way to develop morals and values of the younger generations. In this article, the authors highlight several award-winning international children's trade books that reflect the core values recurring in literature and scriptures…

  18. Harry Potter and "the Landscape of Consciousness": Repeat Home Viewers' Understandings about Character

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Many children view favourite feature films repeatedly at home and develop understandings of them. This article discusses findings from a study which focused on the understandings that 9- and 10-year-old children showed about character in "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets." These findings are reported in terms of a framework appropriate for…

  19. A 21st-Century Framework for Character Formation in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naylor, Adam H.; Yeager, John M.

    2013-01-01

    The value of athletics in character development has been anecdotally touted for centuries, but the reality is that sporting environments have regularly failed to achieve the potentials of moral education. The shared physical and mental demands of sports combined with the intensity with which much of society approaches competition makes the playing…

  20. Shaping the Bamboo from the Shoot: Elementary Level Character Education in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thambusamy, Roslind; Elier, Adzura Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    This article emphasizes the importance of introducing/providing character education during the early years of child development in order to raise morally responsive citizens. Noting the rampant acts of violence and malicious crime at a time marked with deep global turmoil in many societies, the authors argue for an exhaustive study of the recently…