WorldWideScience
1

Storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes experiences with developing language and listening skills through storytelling in two multigraded elementary classrooms. Discusses how to: launch the program through literature and storytellers; implement the program, including storytelling ideas; maintain a supportive environment; assess children using anecdotal observation sheets; and…

Kalfus, Jane; Van Der Schyff, Laurel

1996-01-01

2

Harry Truman and the Atomic Bomb: An Excursion into Character Education through Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This article asserts the importance of character education through the utilization of historical storytelling in the social studies classroom. After briefly noting the value of the historical story in this regard, a specific, ready-made example is provided concerning Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb and includes a crucial set of follow-up…

Sanchez, Tony R.

2006-01-01

3

Design and Development of a Smart Storytelling Toy  

Science.gov (United States)

Because computers generally make children passive listeners, new technological devices need to support children's storytelling activities. This article introduces the StoryTech, a smart toy that includes a virtual space comprised of computer-based graphics and characters as well as a real space that involves stuffed animals, background cards…

Kara, Nuri; Aydin, Cansu Cigdem; Cagiltay, Kursat

2014-01-01

4

Developing Voice in Digital Storytelling Through Creativity, Narrative and Multimodality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For Simon, who is nine years old, reading and writing are obstacles rather than tools. However, when offered the opportunity to create digital stories, Simon becomes deeply engaged. He creates complex stories within different genres based on a variety of subjects. He both expresses and creates meaning through his digital storytelling. He develops what Elbow calls ´voice.´ In the paper I argue that digital storytelling became a resource for Simon which triggered his interest in literacy because of two specific features: multimodality and narrative. Vygotsky’s work on development of literacy and creativity comprise a theoretical point of departure and I claim that new media has the potential to play a significant role in this realm.

Monica Nilsson

2010-06-01

5

Graphic Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

Thompson, John

2009-01-01

6

The Importance of Oral Storytelling in Literacy Development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the history and importance of storytelling. Provides specific suggestions as to how caregivers, teachers, and parents can help children become life-long learners and readers through the use of storytelling. (NH)

Aina, Olaiya

1999-01-01

7

A Critique of “Moral and Character Development  

OpenAIRE

A critique was made in this essay about William G. Huitt’s ?2004?article titled “Moral and Character Development”. The strong points of his article were discussed with his conclusion that social and cultural values influence the formation of children’s character traits, while school should play its own role as a sub-social unit to develop their characters and morality based on the cognitive, affective, conative and behavioral principles. The obvious weakness was presented by ignor...

Liu, Ping

2009-01-01

8

Towards an Empathizing and Adaptive Storyteller System  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper describes our ongoing effort to build an empathizing and adaptive storyteller system. The system under development aims to utilize emotional expressions generated from an avatar or a humanoid robot in addition to the listener’s responses which are monitored in real time, in order to deliver a story in an effective manner. We conducted a pilot study and the results were analyzed in two ways: first, through a survey questionnaire analysis based on the participant’s subjective ratings; second, through automated video analysis based on the participant’s emotional facial expression and eye blinking. The survey questionnaire results show that male participants have a tendency of more empathizing with a story character when a virtual storyteller is present, as compared to audio-only narration. The video analysis results show that the number of eye blinking of the participants is thought to be reciprocal to their attention.

Bae, Byung Chull; Brunete, Alberto

2012-01-01

9

A Critique of “Moral and Character Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A critique was made in this essay about William G. Huitt’s ?2004?article titled “Moral and Character Development”. The strong points of his article were discussed with his conclusion that social and cultural values influence the formation of children’s character traits, while school should play its own role as a sub-social unit to develop their characters and morality based on the cognitive, affective, conative and behavioral principles. The obvious weakness was presented by ignoring politics to be a vital factor influencing moral development. This essay aims to discuss why moral principles can be taught in school and how moral education can be practiced in classroom. It proposes what approaches are supposed to be significantly effective. Keywords: Moral education; Character development; Behavioral principles; Cognition; Psychological approaches

Ping LIU

2009-12-01

10

Character animation fundamentals developing skills for 2D and 3D character animation  

CERN Document Server

Expand your animation toolkit and remain competitive in the industry with this leading resource for 2D and 3D character animation techniques. Apply the industry's best practices to your own workflows and develop 2D, 3D and hybrid characters with ease. With side by side comparisons of 2D and 3D character design, improve your character animation and master traditional principles and processes including weight and balance, timing and walks. Develop characters inspired by humans, birds, fish, snakes and four legged animals. Breathe life into your character and develop a characters personality w

Roberts, Steve

2012-01-01

11

"Playing with the Team": The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variously identified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement, and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remains the need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it has assumed. During the spring/summer…

Westman, Peter John

2012-01-01

12

Developing Optical Character Recoginition for Ethiopic Scripts  

OpenAIRE

The Amharic language is the Official language of over 70 million people mainly in Ethiopia. An extensive literature survey and the government report reveal no single Amharic character recognition is found in the country. The Amharic script has 33 basic characters each with seven orders giving 310 distinct characters, including numbers and punctuation symbols. The characters are visually similar; there is a typeface, but no capitalization. Beside this there is no any standard font to use the l...

Demissie, Fitsum

2011-01-01

13

Leadership, character and its development: A qualitative exploration  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to explore (1) what organisational leaders consider to be character elements of leaders within the workplace, (2) what influences leaders’ character development, and (3) how an organisation can continue the process of character development. The literature review and findings revealed that leadership, integrity, industriousness, empathy, loyalty, optimism, fairness and compassion are the most sought after character elements within leaders in the workplace. Leade...

Roslyn De Braine; Derek Verrier

2007-01-01

14

Storytelling and reading fairytales  

OpenAIRE

The thesis is divided into three main parts: theoretical, practical and empirical. In the theoretical part I defined the story with the help of classification and highlighted storytelling as the main technique of relating a narrative. As storytelling for children is being conducted in public libraries, I presented the purpose, preparation and the course of a story-telling session. In order to offer assistance in the selection of stories for reading and storytelling the collection Knjiga pred ...

Urs?ic?, Natas?a

2013-01-01

15

Playing with the team: The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variouslyidentified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement,and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remainsthe need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it hasassumed. During the spring/summer of 2011, I conducted an examination ofTaking the Field (TTF, a digital storytelling project that aims to celebrategrassroots cricket in the UK through the construction of stories by village andcounty-level clubs. In contrast to most previous projects that aim to have theparticipants “speak” by constructing their own stories, TTF stories are researchedand constructed by project staff with the assistance of the clubs.My research centers on the experiences of two clubs in the project, Blaina CC andSpondon CC, through interviews and elicitation techniques with club andcommunity members using the completed stories and the artifacts used in theirconstruction. Through the theoretical framework of Gell's anthropology of art, Iconsider how digital stories act as objects that mediate social agency during theircreation and how the structure of this type of project contributes to the formationof communities of practice in the 'performance' of collective identity.

Peter John Westman

2012-12-01

16

Storytelling with Shadow Puppets  

Science.gov (United States)

Puppetry is an ancient art form that exists in cultures throughout the world. The Indonesian island of Java is known for its ancient folk theater which blends religion, storytelling, music, art, and theater through puppetry. This traditional form of storytelling, known as "Wayang Kulit," dates back 1,000 years and continues to be a popular form of…

Stephens, Shannon

2008-01-01

17

Storytelling as Research/Research as Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

If story is central to human meaning why, in the research world, is there not more storytelling? Walter Benjamin (1973) noted that, "a story is different. It does not expend itself. It preserves and concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it even after a long time" (p. 90). How might research not expend itself, but preserve and…

Lewis, Patrick J.

2011-01-01

18

INERTIAL CHARACTER OF HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT  

OpenAIRE

The research of the development of higher education is conditioned by the difficult modern state of education in Ukraine. In modern world, education has become one of the most extensive areas of human activity. The debate over the correct choice of the higher education development at the present stage of human existence is being continued. This is due to the fact that society has entered a new phase of evolution associated with computerization, globalization and the achievements of scientific...

Terovanesov, M.; Kratt, O.

2012-01-01

19

Towards a Postcolonial-storytelling Theory of Management and Organization  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A contribution to management philosophy is made here by the development of a postcolonial-storytelling theory, created by drawing together parallel developments in quantum physics and tribal peoples’ storytelling. We argue that these developments resituate the hegemonic relationship of discursive representationalism over material storytelling practices. Implications are two-fold. First, this dissolves inherent dualisms presumed in the concept of interaction among entities like actor–structure, subject–object and discursive–nondiscursive in favour of a profound ontology of entanglement and intra-action of materiality and discourse, where storytelling is a domain of this discourse. Second, postcolonial phenomena are understood as results of entangled genealogies in which plural voices are present. This implies an understanding and awareness of the intra-action of imperial narratives and material storytelling and antenarrative resistance, and thus the resistance and contestation to imperial and colonising monologic narratives of spatial and temporal alignment.

JØrgensen, Kenneth MØlbjerg; Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

2013-01-01

20

How to Develop Character Education of Madrassa Students in Indonesia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the last decades, the  teachers criticized for failing to integrate the knowledge in the behavior of virtue. Therefore the character education is always considered in every design education, including in madrassas. The character education is the deliberate attempt to influence the behavior of students through customizing repeatedly. making it easy to do virtue and avoid crime. The research has focused on the approach to character education at madrassa. The qualitative method by interviewing, observation, and focus groups have been used in this study.A total of 16 teachers at four madrassas in South Sulawesi has been selected through purposive Sampling. The  research suggest: Madrassa teachers have not managed to practice the concept of teaching character. Both conceptually and contextually. The failure of conceptually caused teachers do not embed character values are extracted from the behavior of student’s virtue. While the failure of the contextually is has caused teachers failed in an attempt to develop character values, such as social relationships, honesty, and discipline. In addition, the teachers are not managed to practice courteous and not empowered to detain students of behavior lie.

Lukman Abu

2015-02-01

21

Fundamentals of Interactive Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of interactive storytelling should not only be on the attributes of the technology or characteristics of the medium, such as the AI techniques, planning formalisms, story representations, etc. but also on the computer-mediated communication processes, such as the relatedness of transmitted messages with previous exchanges of information, the number of attributes to be manipulated by the player, or the level of player control on the messages. It is argued that an approach to maximize player enjoyment in a computer game is to customize/personalize the gaming experience and the associated computer-mediated communication processes. To this aim and to provide answers to “how” and “what” should be customized, the article first explores the problematic notions of interactivity and then frame the discussion in the context of interactive storytelling systems. Secondly, it analyses table-top role-playing games (RPGs - the live counterpart of computerized interactive storytelling systems – in an attempt to find “what” to customize. In particular, it focuses on the Dungeon Master whose role in co-ordinating human-to-human communication process of interactive storytelling provides valuable insights into how to handle the human-to-machine/game communication process. Finally, the article proposes a framework to explain “how” to customize for maximum player enjoyment and optimal game experience within an interactive storytelling system.

Barbaros BOSTAN

2012-08-01

22

Development of Comprehensive Devnagari Numeral and Character Database for Offline Handwritten Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

In handwritten character recognition, benchmark database plays an important role in evaluating the performance of various algorithms and the results obtained by various researchers. In Devnagari script, there is lack of such official benchmark. This paper focuses on the generation of offline benchmark database for Devnagari handwritten numerals and characters. The present work generated 5137 and 20305 isolated samples for numeral and character database, respectively, from 75...

Dongre, Vikas J.; Mankar, Vijay H.

2013-01-01

23

Fundamentals of Interactive Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

The focus of interactive storytelling should not only be on the attributes of the technology or characteristics of the medium, such as the AI techniques, planning formalisms, story representations, etc. but also on the computer-mediated communication processes, such as the relatedness of transmitted messages with previous exchanges of information, the number of attributes to be manipulated by the player, or the level of player control on the messages. It is argued that an approach to maximize...

Bostan, Barbaros; Tim Marsh

2012-01-01

24

The Development of the Chinese Character Knowledge in Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

OpenAIRE

This paper reports a study on the development of the Chinese character recognition knowledge in 2 942 Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children. 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007) for Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children were divided into 36 versions of test booklets to test the school children’s character recognition knowledge. Each test booklet consisted of a list of 130 to 132 character items, with 50% of linkage to the ...

Cheung, Emily Yee Man

2011-01-01

25

The Hadia Story: Digital Storytelling in Election Campaigns  

OpenAIRE

Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released duri...

Øyvind Kalnes; Eva Bakøy

2010-01-01

26

The Hadia story:digital storytelling in election campaigns  

OpenAIRE

Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released duri...

Bakøy, Eva; Kalnes, Øyvind

2010-01-01

27

Forensic fictions: science, television production, and modern storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay uses interviews with television creators, writers, and producers to examine how media practitioners utilise, negotiate and transform forensic science in the production of televisual stories including the creation of unique visuals, character exploration, narrative progression, plot complication, thematic development, and adding a sense of authenticity. Television as a medium has its own structures and conventions, including adherence to a show's franchise, which put constraints on how stories are told. I demonstrate how television writers find forensic science to be an ideal tool in navigating television's narrative constraints by using forensics to create conflicts, new obstacles, potential solutions, and final solutions in their stories. I show how television writers utilise forensic science to provide the scientific certainty their characters require to catch the criminal, but also how uncertainty is introduced in a story through the interpretation of the forensics by the show's characters. I also argue that televisual storytellers maintain a flexible notion of scientific realism based on the notion of possibility that puts them at odds with scientists who take a more demanding conception of scientific accuracy based on the concept of probability. PMID:23017272

Kirby, David A

2013-03-01

28

Material Storytelling : Resituating Language and Matter in Organizational Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter highlights the manner by which matter came to matter in an organizational restorying process. It reports on the important findings of an action-research project using and developing an organizational-reworking apparatus coined as Material Storytelling (Strand, 2010). Within the contemporary management literature, the low-practical aspects of organizational life, development, and change are commonly disregarded as unimportant. In return, this chapter highlights how matter matters as part of the field of possibility for action. More specifically, this chapter is the story about how I, together with 10 participants at a Danish care institution, the ’Youth-home’ at the Deaf-blindness Centre in Aalborg (DBC hereafter), came to acknowledge the importance of the arrangement of our physical surroundings in our workplaces in regard to the practices that are actually being conducted (and not). These surroundings do not so much (passively) mirror what is important and not important. Rather, they co-constitute, on a daily basis, which material-discursive practices (and voices) are allowed to matter, and which, in effect, are excluded from mattering through the congealed agency of these materialized physical surroundings. It became evident that if you want to rid the everyday work-practices from certain habitual patterns of behavior – and, in effect, change these priorities or hegemonies – you must be willing to change some vital physical and material conditions of the workplace. However, the rebuild in itself was not the solution. Rather, it was an important aspect of reworking the complex relationality of people, practices, and surroundings and in accomplishing a more balanced relationship between the discursive and the material in reworking the organization. The chapter proposes, through concrete examples, an Apparatus of Material Storytelling as the methodology through which imbalances can be resituated; a manner of ‘enacting the between’ that suggests a different take on the relationality of power, discourse, and materiality, which includes a discussion about respons(dis)ability just as much as responsibility, due to silenced, excluded, or impaired voices. Keywords: Material Storytelling, intra-action, materiality, matter, spacetimematter reconfiguration, Organizational change, multimodality, touching responsiveness, respons(dis)ability “Language matters. Discourse matters. Culture matters. There is an important sense in which the only thing that does not seem to matter anymore is matter” (Barad, 2007, p. 132).

Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

2014-01-01

29

A Storyteller’s Autobiographical Analysis of Himself  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lajos Ámi (1886–1963 was one of the most talented Gipsy storytellers in Hungary whose repertoire includes more than 250 tales. In his stories, Ámi applied a lot of autobiographical elements (also in fairy tales and so the question arises, what does the term autobiographical mean in the context of folk tales? The question is unfolded in relation to both the role of the storyteller him/herself and to storytellers operating as public intellectuals in their local communities. The distinction, and also the relationship between these roles, are significant and have implications to what is revealed autobiographically, on what grounds and in what way. This article outlines the analysis of autobiographical motifs and their roles in Ámi’s interpretation and presentation of himself in his storytelling.

Gábor Biczó

2013-12-01

30

Digital Storytelling: A Tool for Teaching and Learning in the YouTube Generation  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers can connect with today's digital learners by using digital storytelling as an instructional tool. This article describes the process of learning to use digital storytelling through the case of Tyler Binkley, a first-year middle school math teacher whose professional development exemplifies the learning process educators can follow to communicate with students on frequencies they understand.

Dreon, Oliver; Kerper, Richard M.; Landis, Jon

2011-05-01

31

Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to…

Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole

2011-01-01

32

Character Development and Critical Democratic Education in Ontario, Canada  

Science.gov (United States)

Ontario, Canada's new character education policy is analyzed to determine how it supports and undermines critical democratic commitments to diversity, dialogue, equity, critical mindedness, and social justice. While policies are always open to interpretation, recent reform policies requiring evidence of continual improvement in students' academic…

Winton, Sue

2010-01-01

33

The Development of the Chinese Character Knowledge in Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports a study on the development of the Chinese character recognition knowledge in 2 942 Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children. 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007 for Hong Kong Cantonese-speaking elementary school children were divided into 36 versions of test booklets to test the school children’s character recognition knowledge. Each test booklet consisted of a list of 130 to 132 character items, with 50% of linkage to the next test booklet in the series. The results suggest that the children’s character recognition knowledge grows as they progress in their education levels. The acquisition during the period of level two is rapid and marked. By level three, the school children’s ability reaches 91% coverage of the Chinese characters in the Revised Character List (2007. Furthermore, the study has classified the 2 357 Chinese characters in the Revised Chinese Character List (2007 by grade level.

Emily Yee Man CHEUNG

2011-04-01

34

What educators should know about teaching digital storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they havelearned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, andsupervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digitalstorytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIEinstructional design framework and are presented as starting points thateducators should consider when they begin to integrate digital storytelling in theirclassrooms. The guidelines provide useful information that will help educatorsteach students all phases of the digital storytelling process, including analysis,design, development, implementation and evaluation of digital storytellingprojects that focus on educationally meaningful topics.

Bernard R. Robin

2012-12-01

35

MicroCulture : Interactive storytelling and learning in the museum  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper proposes a playful learning scenario, to enhance children’s museum experience, and the design of MicroCulture, a new learning platform. MicroCulture has been developed through a participatory design process, involving around 25 children. The perspective proposed in this paper is focused on enhancing existing storytelling practices, so to provide a more tangible grounding to the communication of historical processes and to elicit a lively dialogue between children and guides. In this perspective, it is proposed to turn storytelling, as a museum learning practice, into a more dialogic and playful mode of communication.

Marchetti, Emanuela

2012-01-01

36

The Character Development of Angel Clare in Tess of the D'urbervilles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through the analysis of the character---Angel Clare in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D'urbervilles, this essay tries to show the effects of Angel Clare’s experiences on the development of his character. And it also presents the goodness and the evilness of man’ nature.

Yongliang Huang

2009-02-01

37

The Character Development of Angel Clare in Tess of the D'urbervilles  

OpenAIRE

Through the analysis of the character---Angel Clare in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D'urbervilles, this essay tries to show the effects of Angel Clare’s experiences on the development of his character. And it also presents the goodness and the evilness of man’ nature.

Yongliang Huang

2009-01-01

38

Visual Storytelling – Knowledge and Understanding in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an ongoing research project of use and learning with geographic information visualization and Visual Storytelling (geovisual analytics in education. The fully developed study will be applied in school settings in order to 1 customize the application for educational purpose, 2 improve the teaching in social science and 3 study teachers and students experiences and learning. - The application "Open Statistics eXplorer" will be used to improve the students knowledge and understanding of sophisticated statistical relations, - Teachers will be able to, individually and together, develop a dynamic teaching material through storytelling, through the web, - Students will be able to, with help of powerful geographical statistics, explore statistical relations on their own. A better understanding of how educators and their students can elicit deeper user understanding and participation by exploiting dynamic web-enabled statistics visualization is of importance. Results from an usability study in this project are promising. Together with the associated science of perception in learning in relation to the use of multidimensional spatio-temporal statistical data this research will contribute to the research fields of geovisual analytics as well as educational science.

Linnéa Stenliden

2012-10-01

39

Critical Narrative Inquiry : Storytelling, Sustainability and Power  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

While organizations have become central for thinking and structuring contemporary social action, existing perspectives on what they are and how to deal with them are still rooted in modern ideas about the foundations of society. The chapters in this volume take critical narrative inquiry — inspired by postmodern or post-human approaches to organizations — as a broad range of research and development strategies that challenge the dominant perspectives prevalent in the organizational literature. The purpose of the volume is three-fold. Firstly, a critical reading of organizations foregrounding notions of power and ethics is presented. Secondly, a new framework for understanding and analyzing organizational action based on critical notions of storytelling and sustainability is unfolded. Thirdly, the framework is deployed through innovative concepts and learning methodologies for leadership, organizational, or community development. The authors engage in philosophical and theoretical reflections on the ways contemporary organizations work. They also present and analyze case studies of power, storytelling and learning in organizations. As a whole the book provides examples of what can be done to make organizations work in more appropriate ways in the future.

2014-01-01

40

Digital storytelling as an emerging documentary form  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This contribution presents the idea that digital storytelling can be fruitfully studied using concepts and perspectives from documentary theory. Two definitions of digital storytelling are analysed and compared to how documentary filmmaking has been characterized. From this comparison, it is possible to argue that digital storytelling works within a contextual contract similar to that of documentary filmmaking, especially in regard to the positioning of the audience and the media product. The study of digital storytelling might accordingly benefit from the ongoing discussions in documentary theory about authorial responsibility and claims of realism and truthfulness

Ana Luisa Sanchez-Laws

2010-11-01

41

Media aesthetics based multimedia storytelling.  

OpenAIRE

Since the earliest of times, humans have been interested in recording their life experiences, for future reference and for storytelling purposes. This task of recording experiences --i.e., both image and video capture-- has never before in history been as easy as it is today. This is creating a digital information overload that is becoming a great concern for the people that are trying to preserve their life experiences. As high-resolution digital still and video cameras become increasing...

Obrador Espinosa, Pere

2011-01-01

42

Leadership Education as Character Development: Best Practices from 21 Years of Helping Graduates Live Purposeful Lives  

Science.gov (United States)

Developing character, ethical values, social responsibility, and productive citizenship is identified in the mission of many colleges and universities. However, accomplishing and measuring such growth in students is often questionable. This article describes Northern Michigan University's Student Leader Fellowship Program, discusses development

Barch, Jon C.; Harris, Rachel; Bonsall, David L.

2012-01-01

43

DIGITAL STORYTELLING, EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR E LITERACIA DIGITAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper offers a critical review of the relevant literature in English and Portuguese on the production of audiovisual material such as Digital Storytelling to be used in higher education and produced by those involved in the teaching and learning process. The aim is to reflect on some characteristics needed to develop a contextualized experience through short audiovisual stories.The research methodology used in this study is based on vast literature search inseveral databases at Nottingham Trent University (England and the UniversidadeFederal de Santa Catarina (Brazil. The study results indicate that certain skills,for example, ability to construct a coherent narrative, and image, video and soundediting are required of those involved in higher education due to the insertion ofmultiple digital technologies in peoples’ everyday life. Thus, it is argued that thepractical experience of audiovisual education might enhance the digital literacyof students by the production of audiovisual pieces for the collaborative learningprocess of adults.

Josias Ricardo Hack

2013-05-01

44

The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized and implemented. This study aimed at describing: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing; (2 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model in lecturing and (3 the effect of the living values-based contextual learning model on students? character improvement. Approach: This study used Research and Development design. The technique of data collection used observation, documentation, Focus Group Discussion and questionnaire. The analysis of qualitative data used data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion stages. Meanwhile, quantitative data analysis used correlation and regression analysis. The subjects of study were 98 students of Civic Education Study Program, Indonesia University of Education of academic year 2011/2012. Results: The finding showed that: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing was the integration of living values into material, method, media, learning source and lecturing evaluation conceptually; (2 the living values-based contextual learning model was implemented through value learning variation in contextual learning (problem-based learning, cooperative learning, project-based learning, service learning and work-based learning; (3 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model had an effect by 26% on the students? character development Conclusion: The living values-based contextual learning is an alternative of character education integration model in university learning process. This model can be applied in lecturing to develop the students? characters including religious, honest, tolerant, well-mannered, discipline, hard working, creative, independent, democratic, homeland love, respecting achievement, collaborating and responsible.

Kokom Komalasari

2012-01-01

45

Main biological characters of series of mutant waxy rices developed from irradiation-induced mutation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main biological characters of the waxy male sterile lines, maintainer lines, restorer lines and waxy hybrids which had been developed by radiation-induced mutation were studied, and the grain quality of the waxy hybrids were analyzed as well. Sesults indicated that the mutant waxy rice had the same growth duration, similar agronomic characters, panicle and spikelet traits as parent. The waxy male-sterile line had the same pollen sterility characteristic as its parent male-sterile line. The waxy hybrid rice retained the yield potential as original hybrid rice, and the grain quality of the waxy hybrids was similar to the conventional waxy rice Ejinnuo 6. (authors)

46

Development and evaluation of a wireless interface for inputting characters using Laplacian EMG.  

Science.gov (United States)

We developed a compact wireless electrode containing an amplifier, a filter and a transmitter to measure the Laplacian electromyogram (Laplacian EMG) using the source derivation method. We made a character input system by connecting a circuit converting Laplacian EMG signals to clicks, with a personal computer in which a software for scanning character input was installed. We evaluated the system by comparing two integrated EMGs (IEMGs) measured with a conventional amplifier: one measured when the Laplacian EMG was used as an input signal to the system during a character inputting task, and the other measured when the conventional EMG was used. The IEMG was smaller in all of five subjects when the Laplacian EMG was used as the input signal than when the conventional EMG was used. PMID:17946120

Miyazawa, Kenji; Ueno, Akinori; Mori, Hiroki; Hoshino, Hiroshi; Noshiro, Makoto

2006-01-01

47

‘Share your experience’. Digital storytelling in English for tourism  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose of this article is to describe the experience achieved when implementing practical classes of English for Tourism so as to bridge the gap between the professional world of the tourism industry and what students learn at university. In this article we will first introduce the concept of “digital storytelling” (Lambert, 2006; Gregori-Signes, 2008a, 2008b & 2010; Alcantud-Díaz, 2008 & 2011) and briefly describe some of the projects that have already been developed at the Un...

María Alcantud-Díaz; Alicia Ricart Vayá; Carmen Gregori-Signes

2014-01-01

48

Story circle digital storytelling around the world  

CERN Document Server

Story Circle is the first collection ever devoted to a comprehensive international study of the digital storytelling movement, exploring subjects of central importance on the emergent and ever-shifting digital landscape.Covers consumer-generated content, memory grids, the digital storytelling youth movement, participatory public history, audience reception, videoblogging and microdocumentaryPinpoints who is telling what stories where, on what terms, and what they look and sound likeExplores the boundaries of digital storytelling from China and Brazil to Western Europe and Australia

Hartley, John

2009-01-01

49

Digital storytelling a creator's guide to interactive entertainment  

CERN Document Server

Digital Storytelling shows you how to create immersive, interactive narratives across a multitude of platforms, devices, and media. From age-old storytelling techniques to cutting-edge development processes, this book covers creating stories for all forms of New Media, including transmedia storytelling, video games, mobile apps, and second screen experiences. The way a story is told, a message is delivered, or a narrative is navigated has changed dramatically over the last few years. Stories are told through video games, interactive books, and social media. Stories are told on all sorts of different platforms and through all sorts of different devices. They're immersive, letting the user interact with the story and letting the user enter the story and shape it themselves.This book features case studies that cover a great spectrum of platforms and different story genres. It also shows you how to plan processes for developing interactive narratives for all forms of entertainment and non-fiction purposes: educat...

Miller, Carolyn Handler

2014-01-01

50

Foundations of Character: Methodological Aspects of a Study of Character Development in Three- to Six-Year-Old Children with a Focus on Sharing Behaviours  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on methodological issues arising in a study of character development, using illustrations of "sharing behaviours." Based primarily in six early years settings in southeast England the research records naturalistic observations of peer interactions for 55 children aged three to six years. Applying grounded theory to…

Arthur, James; Powell, Sacha; Lin, Hsing-Chiung

2014-01-01

51

Transmedia storytelling and Lost path to success  

OpenAIRE

This thesis analyses the transmedia storytelling strategy applied to promote the TV series Lost. As transmedia storytelling one may understand it as a story told throughout different media, with exclusive content pointing back to the main narrative, working as a potential new audience entry-point. “Which transmedia elements of the Lost formula could be transferable to other cases?” is the research question proposed and in order to answer it, all Lost transmedia events and other marketing ...

Matsunaga Sasaki, Daniella

2012-01-01

52

Digital storytelling teaching robotics basics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Storytelling (DST is a powerful tool for teaching complex concepts. DSTs are typically used in the humanities but several papers have shown that they are also a wonderful tool for the sciences because they are more involving, contextualized and can easily lead to deeper understanding. In the classical use of DST the story is thecontent, while the digital medium is the way of telling it. Our approach is slightly different: the story is not the content but a glue for the main contents, while the digital medium remains the way to tell the story. We propose the use of DST as a means to teach surgeons the basics of robotic surgery, by using a story that should be involving forthem, i.e. a surgical operation, within which we will illustrate specific concepts onrobotics in surgery.

Michele Scandola

2013-01-01

53

Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of children with croup for use in a randomized controlled trial. Methods A creative writer interviewed parents of children with croup presenting to the pediatric emergency department (ED and drafted stories. We revised the stories based on written participant feedback and edited the stories to incorporate research evidence and health information. An illustrator and graphic designer developed story booklets which were evaluated through focus groups. Results Ten participants provided feedback on the five stories drafted by the creative writer. Participants liked the concept but found the writing overly sophisticated and wanted more character development and more medical/health information. Participants highlighted specific story content that they liked and disliked. The revised stories were evaluated through focus groups involving eight individuals. Feedback was generally positive; one participant questioned the associated costs. Participants liked the graphics and layout; felt that they could identify with the stories; and felt that it was easier to get information compared to a standard medical information sheet. Participants provided feedback on the story content, errors and inconsistencies, and preferences of writing style and booklet format. Feedback on how to package the stories was provided by attendees at a national meeting of pediatric emergency researchers. Conclusions Several challenges arose during the development of the stories including: staying true to the story versus being evidence based; addressing the use of the internet by consumers as a source of health information; balancing the need to be comprehensive and widely applicable while being succinct; considerations such as story length, reading level, narrative mode, representation of different demographics and illness experiences, graphics and layout. The process was greatly informed by feedback from the end-user group. This allowed us to shape our products to ensure accuracy, credibility, and relevance. Our experience is valuable for further work in the area of stories and narratives, as well as more broadly for identifying and developing communication strategies for healthcare consumers.

Hartling Lisa

2010-09-01

54

"The Storyteller: Reflections on the Works of Nikolai Leskov."  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents 11 selections from Walter Benjamin's essay "The Storyteller" which illustrate how the work milieu and the significance of death are incorporated into stories. Benjamin compares historiography to traditional storytelling, and discusses the effect of the storyteller's need to maintain the listener's interest upon the story's style and…

International Journal of Oral History, 1981

1981-01-01

55

Total Physical Response Storytelling: A Communicative Approach to Language Learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes total physical response storytelling, which provides the critical vehicle--storytelling--for utilizing and expanding vocabulary. High-interest stories contextualize the vocabulary, enabling students to hear and see a story and then to act out, revise, and rewrite. A brief outline of the sequence of steps for using TPR storytelling in…

Marsh, Valeri

1998-01-01

56

Digital Storytelling: An Empirical Study of the Impact of Digital Storytelling on Pre-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Dispositions towards Educational Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of the digital storytelling experience on pre-service teachers' self-efficacy towards educational technology. Additionally, this study examined professional dispositions including openness to change towards educational technology, degree of willingness to participate in professional development and technology…

Heo, Misook

2009-01-01

57

Storytelling: A Path to Imagination and Creativity in the Primary English Class  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling has been used as a means to help students of a private school improve their communicative skills. To achieve this goal, we have designed activities that enable students to use English actively and at the same time get in touch with literature. We expect to change students¿ attitudes towards English and to motivate them to develop proficiency in the foreign language through storytelling. In doing so, we are innovating our teaching practices by incorporating a tool that can provide students with both the means and the motivation for using the language and thus develop their communicative skills.

Barreto Correa Gloria

2002-08-01

58

Storytelling as a trigger for sharing conversations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores whether traditional oral storytelling can be used to provide insights into the way in which young people of 12-14 years identify and understand the language of emotion and behaviour. Following the preliminary analysis, I propose that storytelling may trigger sharing conversations. My research attempts to extend the social and historical perspectives of Jack Zipes, on fairy tales, into a sociological analysis of young people’s lives today. I seek to investigate the extent that the storytelling space offers potential benefits as a safe place for young people to share emotions and experiences, and learn from one another. My research analysis involved NVivo coding of one hour storytelling and focus group sessions, held over five weeks. In total, there were six groups of four children, of mixed ethnicity, gender, ability, and socio-economic background, from three schools within Warwickshire. The results confirmed that the beneficial effects of the storytelling space include a safe area for sharing emotions and experiences, and in general for supporting young people outside formal learning settings.

Emma Louise Parfitt

2014-04-01

59

Biological Characters of Root Border Cells Development in Maize (Zea mays)  

OpenAIRE

The new inbred line Xiaohuangbaogu was used to investigate biological characters of root Border Cells (BCs) development in maize. The results showed that, maize border cells adnated on the 1-2 mm region of root cap, the shape was various, round, elliptical, bacilliform and so forth. The root cap PME activity, BCs number and viability varied with the primary root elongation and the general variation trend of the three traits was first up and then down. The PME activity was highest at 28.23 ?m...

Zhang Yan; Chen Bo; Gao Shibin; Rong Tingzhao

2014-01-01

60

Mechanism for the development of anisotropic grain boundary character distributions during normal grain growth  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Grain boundaries in polycrystalline magnesia-doped alumina and yttrium aluminum garnet were classified as growing in area or shrinking in area on the basis of topology and curvature considerations. Measurements of dihedral angles at grain boundary thermal grooves were used to determine that the energies of the growing boundaries are, on average, lower than the energies of the shrinking boundaries. The observations also show that the length of a boundary is inversely correlated to its energy. The findings suggest that anisotropic grain boundary character distributions, which influence the properties of polycrystals, develop because higher-energy grain boundaries are preferentially eliminated from the network during grain growth

61

Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated...

Dr. Santanu Halder; Abul Hasnat; Ms. Amina Khatun,; Dr. Debotosh Bhattacharjee,; Dr. M. Nasipuri,

2013-01-01

62

The Importance of Cognition, Metacognition and Motivation in the Character Development through Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a discussion paper in order to show the importance of cognition, metacognition and motivation in an individual's character development through Science. Two studies were illustrated for this reason. By means of the first study it is aimed to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science and, using this positive environment developed through motivation, build desired and expected behaviors in the society. The study has been applied to 660 students between 2000-2002 at VKV Koc School, Turkey. The other study examined how an individual reacts to questions about self-recognition of that individual's unique selfhood; that individual's feeling fulfilled; that individual's realizing the importance of his impact on his global society. For this, an online survey was conducted. There were 93-submissions gathered from different countries with different education levels and age groups. This study was conducted in the spring 2006.

Baykent, Derya; E?me, Isa

2007-04-01

63

The development of character education by improving student motivation in science  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The goal of this study is, first to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science by applying convenient teaching methods, systems, and tools. Therefore, to use the positive environment developed through motivation consciously and build desired and expected behaviours in the society by means of character education. Appropriate character education is to be carried out by relating Science topics to the current daily life.The field of this study was V.K.V. Koc School. Applications were occurred with 666 students from K1 to K5 levels. Measurements and evaluation field was limited with K4 and K5 levels, who joined the Science Laboratory Activities periodically. The study has been applied between 2000 autumn term and 2002 spring term. Additionally, there is a comparative adaptation on the study of 2002-2003 education year, which was adapted to the American K8 level students at Lake Stevens Middle School, Seattle, Washington, USA

64

Believable Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

The interactive entertainment industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. In 1996, the U.S. entertainment software industry reported 2.6 billion in sales revenue, this figure has more than tripled in 2007 yielding 9.5 billion in revenues [1]. In addition, gamers, the target market for interactive entertainment products, are now reaching beyond the traditional 8-34 year old male to include women, Hispanics, and African Americans [2]. This trend has been observed in several markets, including Japan, China, Korea, and India, who has just published their first international AAA title (defined as high quality games with high budget), a 3D third person action game: Ghajini - The Game [3]. The topic of believable characters is becoming a central issue when designing and developing games for today's game industry. While narrative and character were considered secondary to game mechanics, games are currently evolving to integrate characters, narrative, and drama as part of their design. One can see this pattern through the emergence of games like Assassin's Creed (published by Ubisoft 2008), Hotel Dusk (published by Nintendo 2007), and Prince of Persia series (published by Ubisoft), which emphasized character and narrative as part of their design.

El-Nasr, Magy Seif; Bishko, Leslie; Zammitto, Veronica; Nixon, Michael; Vasiliakos, Athanasios V.; Wei, Huaxin

65

LINGUISTIC TECHNIQUES USED IN CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORKS OF J. R. R. TOLKIEN. (VOLUMES I-III)  

OpenAIRE

J. R. R. Tolkien's "linguistic aesthetic" as displayed in his invented languages, his use of historical languages, and his patterning of introductory verb and adverbial modifiers for dialog, is presented to evidence Tolkien's capacity for character development in the tradition of the Fairy Tale. Chapter I discusses the controversy concerning Tolkien's apparent inability to depict character. Chapter II summarizes Tolkien's statements in correspondence and interviews regarding his "linguistic a...

Hyde, Paul Nolan

1982-01-01

66

2011 "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival  

CERN Multimedia

The "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival will take place in Plan-les-Ouates (Geneva) from 6 to 15 May 2011. This year, for the first time, stories will be told in English at 11 a.m. on Sunday, 15 May, at the "La Julienne" arts and culture centre.   More information  

2011-01-01

67

Art, Storytelling, and the Digital Economy  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital story can be anything that uses digital technology to construct narrative. It comes in many forms, including short movies and documentaries, using still images, voice-over narration, and music. It can be academic, abstract, or highly personal. Digital storytelling provides a powerful media literacy opportunity, as students are required…

Ohier, Jason

2007-01-01

68

Storytelling as a Strategy for Understanding Concepts of Electricity and Electromagnetism  

Science.gov (United States)

In our research, we investigated whether students will develop inquiry skills, such as hypothesis exploration and formulation and interpretation, and metacognitive skills, such as comprehension of new knowledge, as a result of a storytelling strategy employed during teaching. We also investigated whether students will utilize the skills and…

Kokkotas, Panos; Rizaki, Aikaterini; Malamitsa, Katerina

2010-01-01

69

Development of a Multi-User Recognition Engine for Handwritten Bangla Basic Characters and Digits  

OpenAIRE

The objective of the paper is to recognize handwritten samples of basic Bangla characters using Tesseract open source Optical Character Recognition (OCR) engine under Apache License 2.0. Handwritten data samples containing isolated Bangla basic characters and digits were collected from different users. Tesseract is trained with user-specific data samples of document pages to generate separate user-models representing a unique language-set. Each such language-set recognizes i...

Rakshit, Sandip; Ghosal, Debkumar; Das, Tanmoy; Dutta, Subhrajit; Basu, Subhadip

2010-01-01

70

Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated persons who want to know the Braille system through Bengali language. The proposed methodology has been tested on the Braille documents collected from the Jhunka Pratibondhi Aloke Niketan, West Bengal.

Dr. Santanu Halder

2013-06-01

71

The Hadia Story: Digital Storytelling in Election Campaigns  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released during the 2009 parliamentary election campaign and the reactions they evoked on the net and in the traditional media during the same (time period.During the 2009 electoral campaign Tajik moved from being a relatively unknown politician to becoming a political household name and the only member of the new Parliament with a migrant background. The digital stories were instrumental in this development for numerous reasons, the most important probably being that they gave her prime time television coverage. Norwegian news media have in general been very concerned with Web 2.0 and Tajik’s videos were regarded as an innovative kind of political communication. The videos also functioned as an effective marketing tool on the net. As an integral part of her extensive viral network, they attracted numerous views and they were with a few exceptions met with positive reactions. This was probably due to their relatively high production values and their catch-all communication strategy that downplayed her ethnic, educational and political background and emphasized her universal human qualities.

Øyvind Kalnes

2010-06-01

72

Building trust in times of crisis: : Storytelling and change communication in an airline company  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Purpose – This paper aims to argue for and apply a polyphonic approach to corporate storytelling and organisational change communication. A participatory action research project demonstrates how recently developed inclusive methodologies that seek to create employee participation have been applied in a case company. Design/methodology/approach – Case study based on a constructionist approach and four methodological foundations: participatory action research, co-productive methods (such as organisational photography), appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams. Findings – Results of the organisational change process in the case company show that the application of a polyphonic approach to organisational change communication and storytelling, appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams created involvement in and enactment of organisational change based on employees, own values and stories in the case company. Research limitations/implications – Further research is needed that applies the methodological foundations of this study in other organisational contexts and under different circumstances. Practical implications – The methodologies and approaches applied in this case cannot be transferred to other organisations directly, but the paper seeks to inspire practitioners with regard to inclusive and empowering approaches to change communication and storytelling. Originality/value – Argues theoretically, presents and applies recently developed constructionist approaches and co-productive methods. Keywords Change management, Storytelling, Corporate communications, Organizational culture, Airlines Paper type Research paper

Langer, Roy; Thorup, Signe

2006-01-01

73

Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy  

OpenAIRE

Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty ...

Rob Gill

2011-01-01

74

Digital storytelling: an innovative tool for practice, education, and research.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Digital storytelling is a method of using storytelling, group work, and modern technology to facilitate the creation of 2-3 minute multi-media video clips to convey personal or community stories. Digital storytelling is being used within the health care field; however, there has been limited documentation of its application within occupational therapy. This paper introduces digital storytelling and proposes how it can be applied in occupational therapy clinical practice, education, and research. The ethical and methodological challenges in relation to using the method are also discussed. PMID:25338054

Lal, Shalini; Donnelly, Catherine; Shin, Jennifer

2015-01-01

75

Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects the data from some relative questionnaires with randomly sampling to distribute for 500 preschool children’s parents in Southern Taiwan. The data are then analyzed by using SPSS statistical tool with factor analysis, regression analysis and also Hierarchical regression. The results of analysis are concluded as follows: (1 Parenting style reveals partially notably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (2 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application presents partially significantly positive correlations with parenting style, (3 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application appears partially remarkably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (4 Parent-child shared reading within information technology application shows partially significantly moderating effects between parenting style and children’s character development. Based on the research outcomes, it is expected that some suggestions and references would be very useful for preschool children’s parents to appropriately integrate information technology within their shared reading and parenting with children.

Hung-Chung Lee

2013-01-01

76

Development of a Multi-User Recognition Engine for Handwritten Bangla Basic Characters and Digits  

CERN Document Server

The objective of the paper is to recognize handwritten samples of basic Bangla characters using Tesseract open source Optical Character Recognition (OCR) engine under Apache License 2.0. Handwritten data samples containing isolated Bangla basic characters and digits were collected from different users. Tesseract is trained with user-specific data samples of document pages to generate separate user-models representing a unique language-set. Each such language-set recognizes isolated basic Bangla handwritten test samples collected from the designated users. On a three user model, the system is trained with 919, 928 and 648 isolated handwritten character and digit samples and the performance is tested on 1527, 14116 and 1279 character and digit samples, collected form the test datasets of the three users respectively. The user specific character/digit recognition accuracies were obtained as 90.66%, 91.66% and 96.87% respectively. The overall basic character-level and digit level accuracy of the system is observe...

Rakshit, Sandip; Das, Tanmoy; Dutta, Subhrajit; Basu, Subhadip

2010-01-01

77

Facing Violence and Conflict with Communication : Possibilities and limitations of storytelling and entertainment-education  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this essay the focus is around the material conditions of poverty, anxiety, social instability and insecurity faced by many around the globe. I articulate a communication theory and practical model that can address the aggression and desperation, which are embedded in violent practices and conflicts. My assertion is that many communicative disconnects lie in between the constructs of anxiety, insecurity and instability faced by many individuals in the world today and the inadequate way in which governments and other authorities communicate with their publics. My claim is that the communication practices commonly used often times are disempowering. I thus draw on Clemencia Rodriguez' proposal for a 'communication for peace' to make the point that communication is a poorly exploited resource in society. I thus describe a communication strategy that can empower individuals and counter the negative forces such as aggression, desperation, violence and conflicts. Particularly, I explore the power of storytelling as a communicative strategy. I focus on the principles of empathy, dialogue and diversity inherent in the communication model that anchors storytelling methodology. I argue that storytelling forms such as entertainment-education, which can embody the above principles, can prove beneficial in building trust and awareness. I furthermore argue that they can facilitate social mobilisation and provide a space for the disempowered to articulate their voices. Thus, it is possible for storytelling forms to contribute positively to creating agency among the marginalised and thus develop supportive and nurturing social and communicative environments. The potentially empowering qualities of storytelling through entertainment-education can contribute to building a positive sense of agency among ordinary citizens, and in so doing can develop supportive socio-communicative environments. I end by calling for an alternative communication paradigm, where principles of open access to the media, voice and visibility in the media, recognition of each others' differences, and room and time for dialogue and debate should guilde our communication practice.

Tufte, Thomas

2012-01-01

78

Indigenous Australia: The Role of Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

A collaborative effort between Australia's Cultural Network and the Australian Museum, this site showcases some fine examples of Indigenous Australian stories. Collected from all over Australia, the stories (currently 20) are offered in text, audio, and video formats, with brief introductions and a glossary of indigenous words. Short descriptions of the role of storytelling, custodianship, "Dreaming," and secret/ sacred stories are also provided. Users should note that RealPlayer G2 is required to view the video presentations, and that, at time of review, video playback quality was rather poor. The text and audio formats, however, were quite acceptable, making this site worthwhile for anyone interested in Indigenous Australian culture or storytelling in general.

79

Digital Storytelling: The Arts and Preservice Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this presentation, the authors describe a journey of teachers in a graduate Fine Arts Methods course. The journey began with conversations about what art is and the nature of collections in exploring this question. Elements of visual literacy, storytelling and music were investigated. The final product was a Digital Story incorporating all of these elements into a teaching artifact that integrated the Arts into other content areas for K-8 students.

Vito M. Dipinto

2012-10-01

80

Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. Methods. Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 2009–2012 in which 67 CHWs each created a personal 2–3 minute cancer-related digital story. Participant-chosen digital story topics included tobacco cessation, the importance of recommended cancer screening exams, cancer survivorship, loss, grief and end-of-life comfort care, and self-care as patient care providers. All participants completed an end-of-course written evaluation. In July 2012, contact information was available for 48 participants, of whom 24 completed an internet survey. Results. All 67 participants successfully completed a digital story which they shared and discussed with course members. On the written post-course evaluation, all participants reported that combining digital storytelling with cancer education supported their learning and was a culturally respectful way to provide health messages. Additionally, 62 of 67 CHWs reported that the course increased their confidence to share cancer information with their communities. Up to 3 years post-course, all 24 CHW survey respondents reported they had shown their digital story. Of note, 23 of 24 CHWs also reported change in their own behaviour as a result of the experience. Conclusions. All CHWs, regardless of computer skills, successfully created a digital story as part of the cancer education course. CHWs reported that digital stories enhanced their learning and were a culturally respectful way to share cancer-related information. Digital storytelling gave the power of the media into the hands of CHWs to increase their cancer knowledge, facilitate patient and community cancer conversations, and promote cancer awareness and wellness.

Melany Cueva

2013-08-01

81

Emerging Development of Semantic and Phonological Routes to Character Decoding in Chinese as a Foreign Language Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the effects of semantic and phonetic radicals on Chinese character decoding by high-intermediate level Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) learners. The results of the study suggest that the CFL learners tested have a well-developed semantic pathway to recognition; however, their phonological pathway is not yet a reliable means…

Williams, Clay

2013-01-01

82

Biological Characters of Root Border Cells Development in Maize (Zea mays  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The new inbred line Xiaohuangbaogu was used to investigate biological characters of root Border Cells (BCs development in maize. The results showed that, maize border cells adnated on the 1-2 mm region of root cap, the shape was various, round, elliptical, bacilliform and so forth. The root cap PME activity, BCs number and viability varied with the primary root elongation and the general variation trend of the three traits was first up and then down. The PME activity was highest at 28.23 ?mol H+ root cap-1 h-1 when the primary root was 1 cm long. Root border cells developed synchronously with radicle growing, the number increased with primary root elongation, when the root was 2 cm length, the number reached a maximum of 4367, the maximum viability was about 90% when the root was 1.0 cm in length, the average viability was 76.16%. The aerial root border cells were smaller and fewer, but the viability was higher, the average BCs number was 2092 when the root was 1-4 cm in length and the average viability was 86.21%; low temperature was beneficial to maintain the detached BCs activity, the relative viabilities were both higher than 97% if the detached BCs were standing at 5 or 10°C for one day, while it was significantly different 4 days later, the relative viability at 5°C was still high up to 46.05% 5 days later, but at 10°C was as low as 13.50%. The 20/25°C was suitable for maize BCs redevelopment, high temperature 30°C promoted border cells to regenerate rapidly in 12-24 h. BCs number increased if root suffered from drought stress, but there was no obvious change in viability. It is possible that the increased border cells play an important role in reducing adversity damage to roots while maize is suffering from low temperature or drought stress.

Zhang Yan

2014-01-01

83

Entrepreneurship Development Course to Foster Character Merchandise in Support Economic Growth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This analysis focuses on the entrepreneurship education and economic growth to welfare in the nation. Development of learning and teaching activities aim to build a spirit of human creativity, innovation, sportsmanship and self-employment. These learning need to be followed up with efforts to integrate character education classes, education, creative economy, and entrepreneurship education into the college curriculum. These program is a very important to economic growth, and more important than the object that is emphasized in most economic education. The image is an impression that a poor country because people do not have program entrepreneurship education with effective and eficience so perceptions received by a person when he saw, heard and used in the national industry to generate economic value. The image must be built in a planned and measured so as to discover the presence of a positive impact on the nation. The economic structure of the creative assets that have the potential to increase of economic growth. World transformed rapidly with economic growth, from the SDA-based human resource-based, from the agricultural era to the industrial era and the views of economic development based on the flow of ideas. Wave of creative economy is a stream that has been accepted as the flow of the new economy in the economic civilization. previous waves, among others: the wave of agricultural economics, industrial economics wave, and wave information economy. Creative economy as a recent surge in economic growth, entrepreneurship needs to be invested in the lecture so that they can optimally support its economic growth.

Waspodo Tjipto Subroto

2013-06-01

84

Digital Storytelling as a Signature Pedagogy for the New Humanities  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay argues that digital storytelling is a hybrid, multimedia narrative form that enables critical and creative theorizing. As an assets-based social pedagogy, digital storytelling constructs a safe and empowering space for cross-cultural collaboration and learning. As illustration, the essay analyzes in detail one student story, using as…

Benmayor, Rina

2008-01-01

85

Living in a Box, or a Genie in a Bottle? Archives as a Backbone for Corporate Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Corporate storytelling can be an instrument for evidence-based management. This requires that the prevailing stories are built upon verifiable facts. Archival records are perhaps the best source for identifying these. A sound culture for storytelling should be built upon good archives actively used to verify and develop narratives about the company. As an example this article presents a short analysis of multimodal texts from the Norwegian oil company Statoil based on common theories of texts and narratives. We found that archival records from Statoil’s first years of activity give evidence that the company has been living up to its value statements. The company’s current values; open, courageous, hands-on & caring, thus seem to be well founded in the corporate history. The value statements therefore may be regarded as suitable guiding concepts for robust corporate storytelling.

Ine Fintland

2013-08-01

86

Transmedia Storytelling and the Creation of a Converging Space of Educational Practices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the media landscape evolves, educators are tapping into learning opportunities that meet the needs of 21st century learners. This paper provides an entry point to a relevant social problem related to education with Transmedia Storytelling, a story that crosses multiple forms of media, and each delivers a unique or specific contribution to the story experience. This study aims to contribute to the development and application of Transmedia Storytelling in educational settings. For this purpose a set of frameworks and educational models were selected based on research that points to the widespread use of transmedia learning experiences that are authentic, engaging, immersive, as well as support the development of new literacies. Ultimately, we attempt to demonstrate how the creation of a transmedia learning environment will allow the learner to develop and thrive in the digital age.

Patrícia Rodrigues

2014-12-01

87

Organizational (auto)-ethnography : an interaction analysis of identity work through the study of other-orientation and storytelling practices in a leadership development forum  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Contemporary organizations feature what can be said to be the absence of boundaries and is increasingly defined by loose couplings, pluri-vocality and network configurations. What Foucault (1995) addressed as a former society of discipline is transformed and replaced into what Deleuze (1995) refines as a society of control that incorporates its subjects into new and ever-changing lines of subjectification. This transformation of dispositifs (Deleuze, 1992; Foucault, 1980) and authoritative discourses (Bakhtin, 1982) that compose (and is composed of) a contemporary way to live out society induces in other words new types of embodied organizational knowledge and ways of organizing, which have consequences for how subject positions are (re)configured in everyday corporate lives. Such identity work is rarely studied in local discursive practices of today’s modern and emergent corporations. The aspiration in present article is precisely to scrutinize local practices in a dialogue based leadership development forumin university settings. This provides insights into the lived lives and identity work in Aalborg University representing a temporary, polyphonic and cross-disciplinary research project in a modern corporation. The project was an example of a loose-coupled and temporary arrangement/organization that invited a diverse group of participants to engage in the co-production of knowledge in/on leadership communicative practices. The participants involved professional leaders from diverse organizations in the North of Jutland together with researchers and candidate students from the study programs of communication and philosophy at Aalborg University.

Bager, Ann

2015-01-01

88

Dangers on the Web--Pornography, Hate, the Internet, and the Character Development of America's Youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cautions that with growing access to new technologies, the expansion of Internet pornography and hate sites is fast becoming a danger for students, teachers, parents, and communities. Discusses technological possibilities for regulating Internet use available at school and at home. Relates Internet regulation with the goals of character education.…

Hoj, John

1998-01-01

89

Mediatization or mediation? Alternative understandings of the emergent space of digital storytelling  

OpenAIRE

This article reviews the social potential of digital storytelling, and in particular its potential to contribute to the strengthening of democracy. Through answering this question, it seeks to test out the relative strengths and weaknesses of two competing concepts for grasping the wider consequences of media for the social world: the concept of mediatization and the concept of mediation. It is argued that mediatization (developed, for example, by Stig Hjarvard and Winfried Schulz) is stronge...

Couldry, Nick

2008-01-01

90

Storytelling and Science Under the Stars  

Science.gov (United States)

This summer the Aspen Center for Physics and the Aspen Science Center collaborated with a small team of astrophysicists to host a joint stargazing, storytelling, ask an astronomer, and ice cream social event. The team consisted of staff members from the ACP and the ASC, four visting professional astrophysicists, and professional storytellers from the international organization "Spellbinders" (including the two founders). The event kicked off with liquid nitrogen ice cream making, which was a big hit with the more than 150 people in attendance. At dusk we divided into 4 groups and teams of two (a Spellbinder and an astrophysicist) circulated from group to group telling stories about the sky from all over the world, and answering questions about planets, stars, galaxies, and black holes. Three small telescopes focused on Saturn and lines formed after it finally got dark. I'll discuss how we put this event together, why it is important to join science and culture in order to engage the public, and how fantastic the stars are for creating this union.

Haggard, Daryl

2013-01-01

91

Aporia – Exploring Continuation Desire in a Game focused on Environmental Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper is a reflective description of the development and the evaluation of the experimental game ‘Aporia’. The project demonstrates an exploration of interactive environmental storytelling and an evaluation of engagement as measured by continuation desire in a non-violent first-person computer game. The test method involves the interruption of the player during gameplay at specific points and assessing their desire to continue. The objective of the interactive experience in the game is to convey a pre-written story through environmental storytelling by the use of pictorial cues in an immersive, atmospheric and aesthetic environment. The findings suggest that Aporia appears as a non-linear emergent narrative experience with a high level of engagement facilitating a desire to continue playing the game.

Bevensee, S.H.; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

92

Differential characters  

CERN Document Server

Providing a systematic introduction to differential characters as introduced by Cheeger and Simons, this text describes important concepts such as fiber integration, higher dimensional holonomy, transgression, and the product structure in a geometric manner. Differential characters form a model of what is nowadays called differential cohomology, which is the mathematical structure behind the higher gauge theories in physics.  

Bär, Christian

2014-01-01

93

Designing attractive gamification features for collaborative storytelling websites.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gamification design is considered as the predictor of collaborative storytelling websites' success. Although aforementioned studies have mentioned a broad range of factors that may influence gamification, they neither depicted the actual design features nor relative attractiveness among them. This study aims to identify attractive gamification features for collaborative storytelling websites. We first constructed a hierarchical system structure of gamification design of collaborative storytelling websites and conducted a focus group interview with eighteen frequent users to identify 35gamification features. After that, this study determined the relative attractiveness of these gamification features by administrating an online survey to 6333 collaborative storytelling websites users. The results indicated that the top 10 most attractive gamification features could account for more than 50% of attractiveness among these 35 gamification features. The feature of unpredictable time pressure is important to website users, yet not revealed in previous relevant studies. Implications of the findings were discussed. PMID:23438264

Hsu, Shang Hwa; Chang, Jen-Wei; Lee, Chun-Chia

2013-06-01

94

Development and character observation of autotetraploid polyembryonic mutant rice induced by ion beam implantation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Autotetraploid rice IR36-4X was treated with ion implantation of low energy nitrogen ion beams and a polyembryonic seedling mutant IR36-Shuang was identified in M2 generation. The major agronomic characters, morphology and the genetic stability of polyembryonic seedling of the mutant line were systematically investigated. The results are as follows. The agronomic characters of IR36-Shuang were obvious different with its parent IR36-4X. The plant height, panicle length, 1000 grain weight and the setting rate of the IR36-Shuang were lower than that of its parent by 35.41%, 5.08%, 15.72% and 12.39%, respectively. The morphology of polyembryonic rice IR36-Shuang could be differentiated into 2 types: uncomplete twin seedlings and complete twin seedlings. There were 2 types in uncomplete twin seedlings, i.e. twin seedlings with single plumule axis and single radicle and twin seedlings with single radicle and twin plumule axis. The complete twin seedlings also included 2 types, i.e. normal and abnormal twin seedlings. In IR36-Shuang materials, the rate of twin seedlings with single radicle and single plumule axis was higher than that in other types. The several generations observation showed that the polyembryonic trait was inherited and stable. (authors)

95

Digital storytelling and community branding  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Based on experiences from a research and development project on user-generated audiovisual content and broadband, our paper will present and discuss a number of videos created by two very different groups of users - young people aged approx. 15 years and a group of people of 60 - 75 years old. The aim of the user involvement project was to investigate the newest trends of user-generated content on sites such as YouTube and BBC Video Nation and test possibilities of local or regional user involvement in creating a platform for local, audiovisual user-generated content.

Rasmussen, Tove Arendt; Kofoed, Peter

96

Leveraging storytelling in visual analytics by redesigning the user interface  

OpenAIRE

Storytelling is a way of packaging the knowledge and insights gained from analyzing statistical data. The knowledge is transformed into a format that lends itself to be understood by non-experts more easily. The story with links to interactive diagrams. The purpose of this design study was to improve the interaction design of the storytelling feature. The target audience for the new design was intermediate users. Evaluation of the current design by interviewing and observing beginner and inte...

Kusoffsky, Madeleine

2013-01-01

97

Irradiation effect on growth development and offsprings character of millet in the stratosphere  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A significant influence on vegetative growth and character variation in offsprings of millet by irradiation in the stratosphere were investigated. The experimental results showed that germinating viability increased by 21.1%, plant height reduced 6.8 cm compared with control. The dynamics growth pattern of leaf length was a double-peak curve. The difference in length and width of leaves between control and treatment was shown as a sine-linear curve. Spike weight, spike length and flay leaf size were obviously higher than those of control. Various mutants with recessive traits in SP2 were found. The strains with larger spike were stable in SP3. Significant variations in spike length, spike weight, protein content and fatty acid content were observed

98

Historical imagination, narrative learning and nursing practice: Graduate nursing students' reader-responses to a nurse's storytelling from the past.  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling and narrative are widely used in nurse education and the value of narrative-based curricula, such as those governed by narrative pedagogy, is well recognised. Storytelling stimulates students' imagination, a central feature of narrative learning. One form of story and imagination yet to be fully considered by educators is the historical story and historical imagination. The use of historical storytelling creates a temporal dissonance between the story and reader that stimulates readers' imagination and response, and enables them to gain rich insights which can be applied to the present. Reader-response theory can support educators when using narrative and storytelling. This article presents an analysis of graduate nursing students' reader-responses to a nurse's story from the past. This narrative learning group used their historical imagination in responding to the story and prompted and challenged each other in their interpretation and in translating their responses to their current nursing practice. The article discusses this analysis within the context of reader-response theory and its potential application to narrative-based learning in nurse education. Historical stories stimulate historical imagination and offer a different frame of reference for students' development of textual competence and for applying insights to the present. PMID:24875838

Wood, Pamela J

2014-09-01

99

Bruno Braunerde und die Bodentypen - The German-speaking friends of the Scottish soil characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Cartoon figures of soil profiles with faces, legs, arms and funny names: the Scottish soil characters Rusty (Cambisol), Heather (Podzol), Pete (Histosol) and five others were developed at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen for outreach activities. They represent eight soil types that are common in Scotland. Recently they have become movie stars in an animated film, where they speak with a Scottish accent. The Scottish soil characters are a true soil science communication success story and it would be great if they had friends in many places to tell some stories from the underground in the respective native languages. This contribution will introduce the draft for 13 German-speaking soil characters that represent the most common soil types in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Each name is a play on words with respect to German soil classification terms and serves as a mnemonic for typical characteristics of these soils. The 'hair' shows detailed vegetation and the context with common land use. For non-soil scientists the soil characters can be used as story-tellers, e.g. about their life (soil evolution), home (spatial distribution), job (function), fears (threats) and joys (best-practice land use, restoration). Because the International Year of Soil (2015) is an excellent opportunity for new outreach activities, the aim is to publish the German-speaking soil characters as a collaboration of the Austrian, German and Swiss Soil Science Societies. The soil characters could be used in print or online formats, and even - as can be seen in Aberdeen - as human-sized walking soil profiles.

Hofmann, Anett

2014-05-01

100

Madness in Shakespeare's Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper begins with an introduction where the aims are explained: a psychopathological analysis of a Shakespearean character - Othello – followed by the discussion of the English dramatist’s importance in helping us understand madness in the emergent world of Renaissance. The main characteristics of Othello’s personality, which allowed the development of his jealousy delusion, are described. Finally, the conclusions underline the overlap of the symptoms developed by the character with the DSM-IV classification.

Nuno Borja-Santos

2014-10-01

101

Storytelling as an Active Learning Tool to Engage Students in a Genetics Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling is an ancient art that originated long before the written word. Storytelling interspersed with traditional lectures has been used as a teaching tool in an Introductory Genetics course. Students have eagerly responded to the storytelling pedagogy, suggesting that it can be leveraged to help students grasp complicated theories, engage students, and help improve student retention in STEM fields.

Karobi Moitra

2014-08-01

102

Project Aporia : An Exploration of Narrative Understanding of Environmental Storytelling in an Open World Scenario  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The genre of interactive narratives in computer games has been researched extensively in the past. However, it still seems that there is a potential for investigating how a narrative can be conveyed solely through environmental storytelling. This paper reports an experimental study which examines the understanding of a pre-written story which is mediated without the use of characters, dialogue, or words and only through the environment in the prototypical game 'Aporia'. The evaluation of the story construction in Aporia analyses and quantifies written open-ended answers and compares them to the pre-defined elements of the story. The findings indicate that Aporia mediates a narrative potential, which generates emergent narratives among users rather than mediating an embedded and evoked narrative. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bevensee, S. H; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

103

Tent-Poles of the Blockbuster : How Transmedia Storytelling can Spin off a Mainstream Blockbuster  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In 2005 the first book in the ‘Twilight’ series by Stephanie Meyer was released. The series consists of four books, the last one ‘Breaking Dawn’ published in 2008. The series were developed into four movies, the last one released in late 2012. In 2011 E. L. James published her trilogy ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, a spin-of the Twilight series and originally written as a fanfiction story on fanfiction.net. Both stories became so-called blockbusters, the latter even more successful than the original story (fastest selling novel ever as of 2012). While Meyer’s story tells the love story of Bella, a human, and Edward, a vampire, James’ story is about Ana, a newly graduated college student, and Christian Grey, a millionaire. Meyer’s story evolves around the problematic relationship between a human and a vampire, while the fulcrum of James’ story is the developing BDSM relationship between the two main characters, creating the notion of housewife porn. In the article the authors take a look into how transmedia storytelling, in the form of fanfiction, inspired by a blockbuster, Twilight, becomes the basis of another blockbuster, Fifty Shades of Grey. The hypothesis of the article being transmedia in the form of social media and the tightly knit communities of fanfiction writers and commenters are able to become co-creators and thus stakeholders of a given story, telling and retelling it, and thus creating a larger audience and attention through the use of media like tumblr, twitter, facebook, and the like, and in the process expanding the possible tie-ins and spin-offs from the original story’s tentpole. The article will explain the intricacies of fanfiction and the special target group, women, as well as the impact of social media on changing customers into co-creators and stakeholders, leaving the original producer with a limited power as to what is distributed on the Internet, giving the co-creator the possibility to use bridges and tie-ins from the original source to develop their own blockbuster. Other perspectives on the above will be provided by delving into the terms of ‘suspension of disbelief’, ‘world-building’, and ‘subcreation’, as well as the ethical aspects of co-creating – both with respect to the original work as opposed to fanfiction, as well as the co-creational aspects in beta’ing and commenting on work in progress in a fanfiction community.

Vistisen, Peter; Jensen, Thessa

104

Remembering Who We Are : Memories of Identity through Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article contributes to the on-going debate among scholars of organizational identity on collective and polyphonic identity formation processes. The article explores the interplay between individual and organizational storytelling by conceptualizing organizational identity construction processes as a web of storytelling practices, a memory system evoking a sense of coherence and nostalgia among organizational members. By drawing on the results of a narrative and ethnographic case study of a consultancy, the article aims to unfold the web of stories and storytelling practices in a single case organization. The analysis explores how members of this organization, through their everyday storytelling practices, created shared understandings of being members of a fantastic company while simultaneously telling critical counterstories. The analysis shows how organizational members learned to shape not only their stories of success but also their counterstories in ways that made them harmonize with the storytelling traditions of the organization. Furthermore, the concept of personal polyphony is suggested to describe how everyday work stories are antenarrative in the sense that the construction of self, work and the organization is never finished; it is an ongoing process of negotiating and handling many potential and sometimes contradictory storylines simultaneously.

Humle, Didde Maria

2014-01-01

105

Evaluation of dwarf mutant of cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) developed through gamma irradiation for nitrogen fixation characters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A dwarf mutant developed through gamma-irradiation and mutation breeding of its parent cowpea variety, namely KBC-1 has been characterized for nitrogen-fixation characters such as root nodule acetylene reduction activity (ARA) and legthemoglobin content at different days after sowing (DAS). Significant variations in these characters were noticed among the varieties and for interactions between the varieties and DAS. The ARA was nearly one-and-a half fold higher in the mutant at both 30 (12.69 ?moles)C2H4 formed/h/g fr.wt. of nodules) and 50 DAS (6.74 ?moles) over its parent (9.20 and 4.46 ?moles at 30 and 50 DAS, respectively). Further, the ARA in the mutant decreased linearly with an increase in the DAS. The leghemoglobin (Lb) content was also higher in the mutant over the parent at all the DAS. However, it decreased linearly with an increase in the DAS in both the mutant and the parent. The highest leghemoglobin content was noticed at 30 DAS in both mutant (2.1 mg/g fr. wt. of nodules) and the parent (1.45 mg/g). Thus, the dwarf cowpea mutant was found to be associated with higher nitrogen-fixing ability which could be exploited in future breeding programmes. (author)

106

Our Purposes: Personal Reflections on Character Development and Social Responsibility in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Recognition of the importance of outcomes related to moral and ethical development, other dimensions of personal development, and civic engagement is a result of decades of educational reform. But have colleges and universities succeeded in helping students achieve these outcomes? In this article, the author shares his personal reflections on…

Chickering, Arthur W.

2010-01-01

107

The Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling in the College Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the fall of 2008, Rachel Raimist and Walter Jacobs collaborativelydesigned and taught the course “Digital Storytelling in and withCommunities of Color” to 18 undergraduate students from a variety ofdisciplines. Candance Doerr-Stevens audited the class as a graduate student.This article examines the media making processes of the students in thecourse, asking how participants used digital storytelling to engage withthemselves and the media through content creation that both mimicked andcritiqued current media messages. In particular, students used the medium ofdigital storytelling to build and revise identities for purposes of rememory,reinvention, and cultural remixing. We provide a detailed online account ofthe digital stories and composing processes of the students through the samemultimedia genre that the students were asked to use, that of digitalstorytelling.

Rachel Raimist

2010-06-01

108

Digital Storytelling as a Gateway to Computer Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Computer science departments continually look for ways to make computer science more relevant to a wider population of students, to attract more students to the major and combat declining enrollments. This article describes the initial offering of a digital storytelling course within a computer science department at a small liberal arts college. The course was offered as a freshman seminar during the fall of 2006 to a group of thirteen students of widely varying technical backgrounds. Students explored elements of effective storytelling within the context of several genres: text, images, video, and computer programming. We discuss how the course utilized elements of storytelling to introduce key computer science concepts and to foster critical thinking. We dissect what activities worked especially well and how the instructor plans on evolving the course in the future, as well as the benefits and limitations to offering such a course within the context of a freshman seminar.

Amy Csizmar Dalal

2008-09-01

109

Learning in 140 Characters: Teachers' Perceptions of Twitter for Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Web 2.0 technologies provide school administrators the opportunity to offer teachers meaningful professional development. The purpose of the qualitative case study was to investigate ways in which U.S. K-12 public school teachers who participated in weekly Twitter Edchat discussions perceived the use of a social network site for professional…

Davis, Kerry J.

2012-01-01

110

Evaluating a Personal Learning Environment for Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evaluation of flexible and personal learning environments is extremely challenging. It should not be limited to the assessment of products, but should address the quality of educative experience with close monitoring. The evaluation of a PLE using digital storytelling is even more complicated, due to the unpredictability of the usage scenarios. This paper presents an evaluation methodology for PLEs using digital storytelling, using a participatory design approach. The results from an open validation trial indicate that this methodology is able to incorporate all necessary factors and that the selected evaluation tools are appropriate for addressing the quality of educative experience.

Nikolaos Marianos

2011-10-01

111

From Tabletop RPG to Interactive Storytelling: Definition of a Story Manager for Videogames  

Science.gov (United States)

Adding narrative in computer game is complicated because it may restrict player interactivity. Our aim is to design a controller that dynamically built a plot, through the game execution, centred on player's actions. Tabletop Role-playing games manage to deal with this goal. This paper presents a study of role-playing games, their organization, and the models commonly used for narrative generation. It then deduces a proposition of components and data structures for interactive storytelling in videogames. A prototype of a social game has been developed as example.

Delmas, Guylain; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

112

The value of storytelling in the science classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

The "traditional science classroom" asks students, "What do we know in science?," and ignores the question, "How do we know what we know?" The purpose of this research is to combine the powerful structure of narrative with the history of science in junior high school science classrooms. This study investigates whether history-of-science-based stories have advantages over traditional, lecture-style presentations. The storytelling approach aims to present science concepts in a meaningful and memorable context and in a coherent and connected manner. The research program employed parallel curricula: science concepts were taught through novel stories and through lectures, at different times, to eight different groups of seventh and eighth grade students at Holy Name Junior High School in Worcester, Massachusetts. Students were assessed with pre- and post-tests and through individual interviews: Before, immediately after, and two weeks after the lessons, students were given short-answer questionnaires. Two weeks after each lesson, individual interviews were also conducted with a sampling of the students. The questionnaires were coded according to a clear set of written standards and the interviews were transformed into concept maps. Student learning and retention levels, gender differences, and alternate conceptions were quantitatively analyzed. The results reveal that the students who were taught through stories learned the science concepts, on the average, 21% better and retained close to 48% more than the students who were taught through traditional lessons. Fewer alternate conceptions were expressed after story lessons than after lectures. Investigation of gender differences in learning science through the two methods revealed that boys profited more than girls did from the story lessons. The union of narrative with the history of science in the form of story lessons seems natural since the spatiotemporal structure of a narrative mirrors the unfolding of actions in the history of science. This combination proved to be an effective science teaching method with these junior high students. In general, the story lessons helped the students better understand and retain the science concept than the traditional lessons did. The reason for the girls' smaller story gains are not clear, but may include a lack of female characters in the stories used. The over-all results are quite convincing in the sample of students studied and suggest a more generalized applicability. This line of research is well worth pursuing further.

Isabelle, Aaron David

113

Developing Character and Values for Global Citizens: Analysis of Pre-Service Science Teachers' Moral Reasoning on Socioscientific Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

Character and values are the essential driving forces that serve as general guides or points of reference for individuals to support decision-making and to act responsibly about global socioscientific issues (SSIs). Based on this assumption, we investigated to what extent pre-service science teachers (PSTs) of South Korea possess character and…

Lee, Hyunju; Chang, Hyunsook; Choi, Kyunghee; Kim, Sung-Won; Zeidler, Dana L.

2012-01-01

114

Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty and strengthen the organisation’s brand and reputation.
Literature reviewed in this paper demonstrates employees who are more engaged with, and have a deep trust for, their employer are more likely to feel buoyant about their work and conduct themselves in a constructive manner, which may translate into stronger internal and external reputation. The use of corporate stories as an internal PR communication strategy can strengthen the likelihood of employees becoming reputation champions for their organisation.

Key words: Corporate storytelling; Employer engagement; Employer-emeployee relationships; Internal
communication

Rob Gill

2011-09-01

115

Teaching German with TPRS (Total Physical Response Storytelling)  

Science.gov (United States)

Total Physical Response Storytelling (TPRS) has enjoyed a tremendous increase of interest in recent years because so many teachers in high schools and colleges are finding that it reinvigorates their German programs. Some even claim that it has saved them. TPRS actually consists of two complementary pedagogical methods: (1) Total Physical Response…

Davidheiser, James

2002-01-01

116

Crafting an Agentive Self: Case Studies of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on data from a multi-year digital storytelling project, this comparative case study offers portraits of two emerging authors--one a child and the other a young adult--who used multiple media and modes to articulate pivotal moments in their lives and reflect on life trajectories. The conceptual framework blends recent scholarship on…

Hull, Glynda A.; Katz, Mira-Lisa

2006-01-01

117

Engaging Gender: Student Application of Theory through Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Enabling students' engagement with gender theory can be a difficult task. One of the best ways to help students learn difficult conceptual material, such as theoretical texts, is to provide them with opportunities to state and restate those ideas in multiple ways and through multiple means. Digital storytelling provides an effective pedagogy that…

Coventry, Michael

2008-01-01

118

Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development  

OpenAIRE

The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects ...

Hung-Chung Lee; Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu

2013-01-01

119

Nature and Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes landscape, which is the artistic method in the art of writing, using the works by S.Muratbekov. The paper describes the profitable use of landscape to characterize characters’ state of mind, enrich the internal structure of the work, ideas quality, contexture structure and the development of the action.

Charidijr Valihanov

2013-01-01

120

Nature and Character  

OpenAIRE

The article analyzes landscape, which is the artistic method in the art of writing, using the works by S.Muratbekov. The paper describes the profitable use of landscape to characterize characters’ state of mind, enrich the internal structure of the work, ideas quality, contexture structure and the development of the action.

Charidijr Valihanov

2013-01-01

121

THE ENIGMATIC ORDER; THE ORDER OF THE STAR OF SOUTH AFRICA ITS ORIGINS, DEVELOPMENT, CHARACTER AND PROBLEMS!  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Order of the Star of South Africa is the Republic's premier order. It superseded the Star of South Africa (instituted in 1952, which was formally classed as a decoration (and awarded in one class only. For students of the South African award structure it is pivotal, in two major respects. First, it has exhibited an undeniable restlessness and instability since its inception in 1975; having experienced two major phases of reorganization and restructuring, its final form, to date, appearing in 1988. In this respect, it is clearly symptomatic of the unstable and continually fluctuating character of the South African award structure, a theme that has been explored in several published sources, written by the author of the present article.2 Most importantly, the source of this instability is encapsulated in the Order: viz the departure from sound and firmly anchored precedents, established over several centuries. Second, the Order points to the manner in which a medal pantheon forms an index of political-social-cultural development in a nation's history. For the development of the Order of the Star of South Africa has coincided with a period in which the SADF has occupied an extremely high and aggressive profile in the collective consciousness of the South African public.3 Thus, the institution of the Order of the Star of South Africa in 1975 was the fountainhead, so to speak, of a veritable plethora of either new or reconstituted awards. The year 1975 also witnessed the institution of the: Honoris Crux Decoration - Gold (HCG, Silver (HCS and Decoration (HC; Southern Cross Medal; Pro Merito Medal; Southern Cross Decoration (SD, Pro Merito Decoration (PM D: South African Defence Force Good Service Medal (Gold, Silver, Bronze - for 30, 20 and 10 years meritorious service in the Permanent Force/Citizen Force/Commandos respectively; and SADF Champion Shot Medal.

S Monick

2012-02-01

122

GeoStoryteller: Taking grey literature to the streets of New York  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we briefly describe the design and implementation of the GeoStoryteller project, with particular emphasis on the resources used to create the digital narratives that are the core of the application. GeoStoryteller is a project where learners engage with archival photos and multimedia narratives in historically relevant places using a combination of augmented reality technology and web-based delivery via mobile devices. The initial application of GeoStoryteller is in partnership...

Rabina, Debbie L.; Cocciolo, Anthony; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2011-01-01

123

Innovating a business model for services with storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In recent years, the notion of business models has been able to innovate the way companies create new business opportunities. However, because business models most often constitute on a complex interplay of several actors, there is a need to be able to explore the nature of a business model. This paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling and archetypes, and lead to the conclusion that they represent a valuable ap- proach to understanding and innovating business models.

Lund, Morten

2013-01-01

124

Business Storytelling and Leadership in the Insurance Companies from Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research addresses a new concept introduced into the managerial practice of the insurance industry from Romania and it aims to test the hypothesis that success, performance and competitiveness of the organizations in the insurance industry depend also on the quality of the leadership and the leaders’ ability to use storytelling, taking into account the intangibility of the insurance products. The main tool that this exploratory, qualitative research has used is the structured interview with three target groups, which we considered to be relevant: CEOs/managers of insurance companies and insurance brokerage firms, public relations specialists and economic journalists. The results of our research endeavours may be of interest for both the managers, employees and communication specialists in the insurance industry and the business world in general, for which the introduction of storytelling in the leadership practices might increase the attractiveness not only for employees, but also for stakeholders and customers.

Viorica P?u?

2013-12-01

125

Augmented Reality-Marker Design and Location-based Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

Regarding design of augmented reality markers and location­based storytelling, there are several aspects to consider in order to create a deep and engaging user experience. There are various technical and communicative factors to take into account, for example: The markers must be specifically recognizable as markers while they also must be interpretable by image recognition in an augmented reality device. In the midst of this conflict lies a design challenge in which the aesthetic expressio...

Widegren, Markus; Alin, Josef

2014-01-01

126

Storytelling in Jazz Improvisation: Implications of a Rich Intermedial Metaphor  

OpenAIRE

The phenomenon of intermedial conceptual loans is central to our understanding of the time-based arts. This thesis focuses on the usage of the term storytelling with regard to jazz improvisation. The aim of the investigation is to clarify how this concept is used by Swedish jazz practitioners. The framework of the study includes theories of narrativity and of metaphor as well as educational and sociological perspectives. The study aims at an exploration of a multivariety of pe...

Bjerstedt, Sven

2014-01-01

127

Life Planning by Digital Storytelling in a Primary School in Rural Tanzania  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling is one of the earliest forms of knowledge transfer, and parents often use it for teaching their children values and knowledge. Formal schooling, however, is less inclined to use storytelling as a vehicle for knowledge transfer, and even less as a vehicle for modern self-directed, student-centered, and constructionist pedagogy.…

Duveskog, Marcus; Tedre, Matti; Sedano, Carolina Islas; Sutinen, Erkki

2012-01-01

128

More than One Way to Tell a Story: Integrating Storytelling into Your Law Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling has been used in diverse educational settings. It is employed at all educational levels, from elementary schools to graduate schools. Approximately twenty years ago, law school professors began writing about the application of storytelling to various law school subjects as an alternative to the traditional case method. Legal scholars…

Steslow, Donna M.; Gardner, Carolyn

2011-01-01

129

Introducing Digital Storytelling to Influence the Behavior of Children and Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling as a creative counseling tool for children is well supported in counseling literature (Bradley, Whiting, Hendricks, Parr, & Jones, 2008; Burns, 2004; Pehrsson, 2005). Storytelling, whether in the form of oral, pictorial, written, or film media, has been an essential element in the lives of mankind throughout history (McClean, 2007).…

Sawyer, Cheryl B.; Willis, Jana M.

2011-01-01

130

Understanding the Role of Storytelling in the Transformation of Female Cocaine Addicts in Narcotics Anonymous  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the role of storytelling in the transformation of female cocaine addicts in Narcotics Anonymous. For this research the primary investigator utilized a theoretical orientation of transformative learning theory and storytelling. The rationale for employing transformative learning theory is that…

Ventresca, Melissa Weida

2012-01-01

131

Digital Storytelling as a Pedagogical Tool within a Didactic Sequence in Foreign Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital storytelling constitutes a pedagogical tool for teachers to work on different linguistic skills while generating students' interest and attention. This study analyses the usefulness of including digital storytelling within a didactic sequence in order to work on linguistic routines such as greetings and leave-takings in English as a…

Torres, Agustin Reyes; Ponce, Eva Pich; Pastor, Ma Dolores Garcia

2012-01-01

132

The Politics of Storytelling: Unfolding the Multiple Layers of Politics in (P)AR Publications  

Science.gov (United States)

In the social sciences, inquiry into the relationship between storytelling and politics is based on a notion of historical continuity. One problem is the possible trap of inevitability inherent in this notion--that something which happened "had to happen". Hannah Arendt's conception of political theory as storytelling overcomes this trap,…

Santos, Doris

2012-01-01

133

Slowing Down, Talking Back, and Moving Forward: Some Reflections on Digital Storytelling in the Humanities Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

Humanities teachers in higher education strive to locate and implement pedagogical approaches that allow our students to deepen their inquiry, to make significant intellectual connections, and to carry those questions and insights across the curriculum. Digital storytelling is one of those pedagogical approaches. Digital storytelling can create an…

Leon, Sharon M.

2008-01-01

134

HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY FOR YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENT CHARACTERS OF NEWLY DEVELOPED CASTOR (RICINUS COMMUNIS L.) HYBRID  

OpenAIRE

The estimates of the components of genetic variation were worked out by Kempthorne method from a Line x Tester analysis in castor for fourteen plant type related traits. The analysis for combining ability revealed significant mean sum of squares of both general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for all the characters which indicated the presence of both additive and non-additive gene actions. The ratio of GCA variance and SCA variance ratio revealed the ...

Ramesh, M.; Lavanya, C.; Sujatha, M.; Sivasankar, A.; Aruna Kumari, J.; Meena, H. P.

2013-01-01

135

Character Recognition Using Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the present paper, we are use the neural network to recognize the character. In this paper it is developed 0ff-line strategies for the isolated handwritten English character (A TO Z and (0 to 9.This method improves the character recognition method. Preprocessing of the Character is used binarization, thresolding and segmentation method .The proposed method is based on the use of feed forward back propagation method to classify the characters.The ANN is trained using the Back Propagationalgorithm. In the proposed system, English nue-merical letter is represented by binary numbers that are used as input then they are fed to an ANN. Neural network followed by the Back Propagation Algorithm whichcompromises Training

Ankit Sharma#1 ,Dipti R Chaudhary

2013-04-01

136

DIGITAL STORYTELLING: Kizoa, Animoto, and Photo Story 3  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Educators know that students create better projects when they are personally invested in the material (Brookhart, Bronowicz 2003; McInerney 2008; Braxton 2008. The rewards are particularly significant when students can exercise some degree of creativity in the process of developing their projects (Su 2009. Possibly this is a result of engaging both hemispheres of the brain (Tatar 2009, or otherwise simply a reflection of the human preference to employ creativity in any endeavor, including “work” related ones.One tried-and-true avenue for creative expression is through the use of stories or narratives. Simply including a narrative component may provide enough creative ammunition for students to feel that a particular assignment can be more interesting (Clark 2010, if their work is to be wrapped around a narrative format, such as a short story in favor of an essay or formal writing. But there are numerous free technology tools available today that take the process one step further, by injecting different editing options and high-end production values. Students do not merely assemble a story in words. They can now do it primarily with images, and many of the slideshow services online allow for text captions, dynamic transitions, special effects, and relevant animations. Students become videographers and directors as much as they function as storytellers. The slideshow builders thus do a better job than “old fashioned” essay/short story assignments at meeting the need of 21st century students, many of whom arrive at institutions of higher learning with at least an already-ingrained interest in such tools, if not explicit experience.Kizoa (www.kizoa.com offers a simple menu-driven, Flash-based interface for users to craft slideshows with uploaded images, added text, transitions, animations, special effects, and music selected from their limited online repository or uploaded in mp3 format. Users drag images and any desired effects onto a timeline at the bottom of the screen, in a workflow reminiscent of most software used to edit home movies. The service is free, but much of the content (transitions, effects provided are classified as premium content; to actually use or share a slideshow using that content, the user would need to upgrade to a paid account. If the slideshow was built using only the free content (which is a more limited selection, the slideshow can be shared on Facebook, or a URL can be sent by email. Once on the webpage, a user will also find code for embedding the slideshow into a blog or webpage. The Flash-based product cannot be downloaded; it must be kept current at Kizoa and linked to for the intended audience to view.

Kevin YEE

2012-01-01

137

Culture Industry with the Concepts of Walter Benjamin: “Aura”, “Storyteller” and “Flâneur”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The thoughts of Walter Benjamin ?one of the leading philosopher of the twentieth century? correspond a period (the first quarter of 1900’s in which the technical developments changed the shape of people’s perception and mass culture grew rapidly. According to the Benjamin, within the context of the culture industry, being in the state of dream (phantasmagoria would be easier for the people who is reduced to the merchandise, entertainment would be welcomed, but many difficulties would be appeared against becoming free. With the appearance of the merchandise and entertainment ambience the artist would achieve the quality of “flaneur”. According to this context, benefiting from “aura”, “storyteller”, “flaneur”, which are assumed to be the basic concepts of Benjamin, seems to be very unavoidable.

Bilgen Ayd?n SEV?M

2010-04-01

138

Counting lifts of Brauer characters  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we examine the behavior of lifts of Brauer characters in p-solvable groups where p is an odd prime. In the main result, we show that if \\phi \\in IBrp(G) is a Brauer character of a solvable group such that \\phi has an abelian vertex subgroup Q, then the number of lifts of \\phi in Irr(G) is at most |Q|. In order to accomplish this, we develop several results about lifts of Brauer characters in p-solvable groups that were previously only known to be true in the case of groups of odd order.

Cossey, James P

2010-01-01

139

Reimagining a Writer’s Process Through Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Building on Hillocks' (1995 concepts of the declarative and procedural knowledge that writers need in order to craft effective writing, this article explores the writing process of one pre-service teacher as she moved from a personal narrative to an essay to a digital story. The authors argue that digital writers--in addition to needing declarative and procedural knowledge--must also understand knowledge of technology in order to more fully realize the potential of digital storytelling. Implications for teachers and teacher educators are discussed in relation to Mishra and Koehler's (2008 "technological pedagogical content knowledge," or TPACK.

Troy Hicks

2013-06-01

140

Absence as Presence, Presence as Absence: Museological Storytelling in Berlin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines a long history of objects’ use in “telling stories,” and speculates on how museums and other art forms might encourage “narrations” while leaving story-telling to visitors or viewers. David Chipperfield’s 2009 “restoration” of Berlin’s Neues Museum made great efforts to preserve traces not only of the objects displayed inside, but to present an open-ended “narrative” of the building’s own history. Attempts at making historical sites “tell” stories have, meanwhile, also extended into other visual arts in Germany, of which the article examines several, discussing them in relation with the concept of “postmemory” and national narratives of identity.

Joshua Parker

2013-01-01

141

Tent-Poles of the Bestseller : How Cross-media Storytelling can spin off a Mainstream Bestseller  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article proposes a framework for understanding and analysing how the passive audience of a media event turns into active stakeholders. The starting point is the cross-media content quadrant (Jensen and Vistisen, 2012), which shows how the producer’s control is distributed on social media platforms, while storytelling evolves around a tent-pole, for example, a bestseller or blockbuster. To further explain how the audience engages, a three-step rhetoric model largely based on Bitzer (1998) and Tolkien (1971) is developed and explained.

Jensen, Thessa; Vistisen, Peter

2013-01-01

142

'Shooting at the sun god Apollo': the Apollonian-Dionysian balance of the TimeSlips Storytelling Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

In The Birth of Tragedy, Friedrich Nietzsche celebrated the dueling forces of reason and emotion as personified by the ancient Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus. A subtle Apollonian-Dionysian balance can be observed in TimeSlips, a group-based creative storytelling activity developed in the 1990s and increasingly used in dementia care settings worldwide. This article explains how the Apollonion-Dionysian aspects of TimeSlips are beneficial not only for persons with dementia, but also for their carers. Narrative data from medical students at Penn State College of Medicine who participated in TimeSlips at a local retirement community are shared. PMID:23722245

George, Daniel R

2013-09-01

143

Innovative Technique for Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR) is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. India...

Sumant Raj Chauhan; Punit Soni

2010-01-01

144

HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY FOR YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENT CHARACTERS OF NEWLY DEVELOPED CASTOR (RICINUS COMMUNIS L. HYBRID  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The estimates of the components of genetic variation were worked out by Kempthorne method from a Line x Tester analysis in castor for fourteen plant type related traits. The analysis for combining ability revealed significant mean sum of squares of both general combining ability (GCA and specific combining ability (SCA for all the characters which indicated the presence of both additive and non-additive gene actions. The ratio of GCA variance and SCA variance ratio revealed the predominance of non-additive gene action for all the traits except plant height up to primary spike, no. of nodes up to primary spike, no. of capsules/primary spike and total spike length of secondary. JP-87 was good general combiner for most of the characters including seed yield. The line DCS-106 was also a good general combiner for early flowering, days to maturity and number of capsules on secondary spike. Cross JP-87 × RG-1740/A was a good specific combiner for seed yield per plant and for other yield component. The hybrid DPC-9 × RG-156 with good specific combining ability for days to maturity can be used for yield improvement in castor. In general for yield and other yield attributing traits the promising hybrids with high heterosis were JP-87 × RG-1740/A, JP-87 × DCS-106, DPC-17 × RG-156, DPC-17 × DCS-106 and DPC-17 × DCS-107 were on par with the check. These cross combinations could be utilized for further use in breeding programme for improvement in yield of castor.

M RAMESH

2013-12-01

145

The trickster wink: storytelling and resistance in Tomson Highway's Kiss of the Fur Queen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay explores how Tomson Highway uses the narrative genre as a space to perform a speech act of resistance against colonialism through an approach that departs from contemporary discussions on genre theory and theories of storytelling. Highway´s novel Kiss of the Fur Queen reaffirms the process of adaptation that is intrinsic to Indigenous cultures and to the survival of the Trickster and promotes a healing experience through the recovery of Cree storytelling. John Frow's concept of genre as a performative structure that shapes the world in the very process of putting it into speech contributes to the focus on Indigenous storytelling rather than on Western literary categories.

Rubelise Cunha

2010-11-01

146

Fairy Grandmothers: Images of Storytelling Events in Nineteenth-Century Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Typical nineteenth?century German images of elderly female storytellers capture them in the act of relating Märchen to young children. When these images reached a mass public, they reinforced the idea of a timeless female oral tradition. As researchers of oral tales hardly ever recorded any actual female storytellers, the images belonged for the most part to a romantic myth of Germany?s past. Towards the end of the century, artists started to produce more realistic paintings of female storytellers. This coincided with the growing popularity of fairy?tale books which were indeed mostly read to children by women.

Willem de Blécourt

2010-12-01

147

Peer-supported storytelling for grieving pediatric oncology nurses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Telling stories about deceased patients to supportive peers is frequently mentioned as an activity used for meaning-making in anecdotal reports of clinical practice and the literature addressing nurses' experiences caring for dying children. This study examines peer-supported storytelling for grieving pediatric oncology nurses using a mixed methods single-group descriptive repeated measures design. Participants were 6 registered nurses from a tertiary care pediatric hospital inpatient oncology unit who self-identified as experiencing grief. Participants met in self-selected dyads for 2 storytelling sessions. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, midpoint, and study end. Sessions were audio-recorded. Participants reported (1) receiving and providing support during sessions; (2) that sessions had an impact on their grief; (3) that sessions had an impact on their meaning-making, and the explicit session focus on making sense of and identifying benefit in their experiences was particularly helpful. There was a significant positive correlation between participant report of number of special patient deaths during career and impact of sessions on grief. PMID:18413700

Macpherson, Catherine Fiona

2008-01-01

148

VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A STUDY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available License plate recognition (LPR plays a major role in this busy world, as the number of vehicles increases day by day, theft of vehicles, breaking traffic rules, entering restricted area are also increases linearly, so to block this act license plate recognition system is designed. License Plate Recognition (LPR systems basically consist of 3 main processing steps such as: Detection of number plate, Segmentation of plate characters and Recognition of each character. Among this, character segmentation is a most challenging task, as the accuracy of the character recognition relies on the accuracy of the character segmentation. Problems of different lighting condition, adhesion, fracture, rivet, rotation degrades the accuracy of the character segmentation. So in order to overcome these problems and uplift the accuracy of character segmentation various algorithms are developed for this work. Purpose of this paper is to categorize the vehicle plate character and recognize the segmented characters.

V. Karthi Keyan

2013-02-01

149

A Few Funny Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes funny characters in children's books and films, including humorous children, adults, and animal characters. Considers younger children and middle grade and older children and suggests library media center activities for various age groups. (LRW)

Zingher, Gary

2002-01-01

150

Androgen dependent development of a modified anal fin, gonopodium, as a model to understand the mechanism of secondary sexual character expression in vertebrates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Male external genitalia show structural variations among species. Androgenic hormones are essential for the morphological specification of male type copulatory organs, while little is known about the developmental mechanisms of such secondary sexual characters. Western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis may offer a clue to the sexual differentiation researches, because they show a prominent masculine sexual character for appendage development, anal fin to gonopodium (GP) transition, and its formation could be induced in early juvenile fry by exogenously supplied androgens. We show that GP development is promoted by androgen dependent augmentation of sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression. Two AR cDNAs were cloned and identified as ARalpha and ARbeta from western mosquitofish. Both ARs were predominantly expressed in the distal region of outgrowing anal fin rays. Exposure of fry to androgen caused anal fin outgrowth concomitant with the Shh induction in the distal anal fin ray epithelium. When AR signaling was inhibited by its antagonist flutamide in fry, the initial induction of the Shh was suppressed accompanying retarded anal fin outgrowth. Similar suppression of anal fin outgrowth was induced by treatment with cyclopamine, an inhibitor of Shh signaling. These observations indicate that androgen dependent Shh expression is required for anal fin outgrowth leading to the formation of a genital appendage, the GP in teleost fishes. Androgen-induced GP formation may provide insights into the expression mechanism regulating the specification of sexual features in vertebrates. PMID:15388345

Ogino, Yukiko; Katoh, Hironori; Yamada, Gen

2004-09-24

151

I See, Please Tell Me More : Exploring Virtual Agents as Interactive Storytellers  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study explored the effect of a virtual agent, used as a storyteller in an interactive story, with the purpose of distributing information to leaders at the municipal government of Esbjerg, Denmark. The aim was to investigate the influence an agent might have on the user experience, when comparing it to a story with no agent. A simple story was implemented where the user could choose which parts to read. A test was held where ten participants went through the story with and without an agent as a storyteller, and took part in a focus group discussion. Data on story choices and time was saved and analysed along with the focus group data. From the overall findings it can be concluded that a storyteller agent has a positive impact on the experience. Furthermore, that interactive storytelling requires care in placement of important information, so as to avoid it being missed.

Lindholm, David; Petersson, Eva

2013-01-01

152

Living Storytelling as an Impetus for Organizational Change: Towards Connective Observing and Writing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines how to use storytelling as impetus for organizational change. A saying goes that “lasting change starts with me, not with someone else.” The problem of many change processes is that a change agent writes a change report but the actual implementation by actors in the organization fails. The question becomes how a researcher can relate to participants in an organization in such a way that the change process becomes their process. For many change agents, storytelling is a powerful way for exploring an organizational setting and for putting ideas into an organization. In this paper, I elaborate some aspects of a relational inquiry stand (McNamee & Hosking, 2012, in which I use storytelling as an intervention method. As a consequence, participants are activated; “connective observing” and “connective writing” emerge. It opens the possibility for multi-layeredness and “living storytelling.” Will the researcher and active participants in the change process exchange positions?

Alexander Maas

2012-11-01

153

Larval development of Notolopas brasiliensis Miers, 1886 (Brachyura: Majoidea: Pisidae described from laboratory reared material and a reappraisal of the characters of Pisidae  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The complete larval stages of Notolopas brasiliensis are described from laboratory reared material, with emphasis on the external morphological features of Majoidea, and compare the morphology of N. brasiliensis with other genera of Pisidae. Larval development of N. brasiliensis consists of two zoeal stages and one megalopa. The duration mean of each zoeal stage was 4.2 ± 1.0 days for Zoea I and 3.8 ± 0.7 days for Zoea II, the megalopa instar appearing 8.1 ± 0.4 days after hatching. The characters previously used to define larval forms of Pisidae are either symplesiomorphic or potentially highly homoplastic. As well, was observed that there are no common sets of larval characters that would define Pisidae nowadays. However, was showed that only a combination of characters could differentiate Notolopas from other pisid genera.O completo desenvolvimento larval de Notolopas brasiliensis é descrito, a partir de material criado em laboratório, com ênfase na morfologia externa de Majoidea e comparado aos demais gêneros de Pisidae. O desenvolvimento larval de N. brasiliensis consiste em dois estágios de zoea e um de megalopa. A duração media de cada estágio foi de 4.2 ± 1.0 dias para a Zoea I e 3.8 ± 0.7 dias para a Zoea II, a megalopa aparece entre 8.1 ± 0.4 dias após a eclosão. Os caracteres previamente utilizados para definir as formas larvais de Pisidae ou são simplesiomórficos ou altamente homoplásticos. Foi observado que não existe um conjunto de caracteres capazes de definir Pisidae até o presente.Contudo foi mostrado que uma combinação de caracteres pode ser utilizada para diferenciar Notolopas dos demais gêneros da família.

William Santana

2006-01-01

154

The Role of Non-linear Methods in Teaching English for Medicine: Example of Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the current study was to compare storytelling, a non-linear teaching method of medical education, with a traditional linear method of teaching technical English to the students of medicine. Fifty six students of medicine were randomly divided into two groups and two English for Specific Purposes (ESP) teachers were assigned to teach them: one using the traditional method (class A), the other the storytelling strategy (class B). Everything else being equal, the mean differences betw...

Samad Sajjadi; Ataollah Maleki

2012-01-01

155

Digital storytelling, media research and democracy: conceptual choices and alternative futures  

OpenAIRE

Recent years have seen amateur personal stories, focusing on «me», flourish on social networking sites and in digital storytelling workshops. The resulting digital stories could be called «mediatized stories». This book deals with these self-representational stories, aiming to understand the transformations in the age-old practice of storytelling that have become possible with the new, digital media. Its approach is interdisciplinary, exploring how the mediation or mediatization processes...

Couldry, Nick

2008-01-01

156

Fairy Grandmothers: Images of Storytelling Events in Nineteenth-century Germany  

OpenAIRE

Typical nineteenth?century German images of elderly female storytellers capture them in the act of relating Märchen to young children. When these images reached a mass public, they reinforced the idea of a timeless female oral tradition. As researchers of oral tales hardly ever recorded any actual female storytellers, the images belonged for the most part to a romantic myth of Germany?s past. Towards the end of the century, artists started to produce more realistic paintings of fem...

Willem de Blécourt

2010-01-01

157

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belie...

Patricia Bou-Franch

2012-01-01

158

Living Storytelling as an Impetus for Organizational Change: Towards Connective Observing and Writing  

OpenAIRE

This paper examines how to use storytelling as impetus for organizational change. A saying goes that “lasting change starts with me, not with someone else.” The problem of many change processes is that a change agent writes a change report but the actual implementation by actors in the organization fails. The question becomes how a researcher can relate to participants in an organization in such a way that the change process becomes their process. For many change agents, storytelling is a...

Alexander Maas

2012-01-01

159

Proactive Persistent Agents - Using Situational Intelligence to Create Support Characters in Character-Centric Computer Games  

OpenAIRE

Influenced by the notion of situational intelligence, this work presents the proactive persistent agent (PPA) architecture, an intelligent agent architecture that has been developed to drive the behaviours of non player support characters in character centric computer games. The key features of the architecture are that: PPA characters display believable behaviour across a diverse range of situations, through the use of role passing and fuzzy cognitive maps; PPA based characters are capable o...

Mac Namee, Brian

2004-01-01

160

Moral character in the workplace.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using two 3-month diary studies and a large cross-sectional survey, we identified distinguishing features of adults with low versus high levels of moral character. Adults with high levels of moral character tend to: consider the needs and interests of others and how their actions affect other people (e.g., they have high levels of Honesty-Humility, empathic concern, guilt proneness); regulate their behavior effectively, specifically with reference to behaviors that have positive short-term consequences but negative long-term consequences (e.g., they have high levels of Conscientiousness, self-control, consideration of future consequences); and value being moral (e.g., they have high levels of moral identity-internalization). Cognitive moral development, Emotionality, and social value orientation were found to be relatively undiagnostic of moral character. Studies 1 and 2 revealed that employees with low moral character committed harmful work behaviors more frequently and helpful work behaviors less frequently than did employees with high moral character, according to their own admissions and coworkers' observations. Study 3 revealed that adults with low moral character committed more delinquent behavior and had more lenient attitudes toward unethical negotiation tactics than did adults with high moral character. By showing that individual differences have consistent, meaningful effects on employees' behaviors, after controlling for demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, income) and basic attributes of the work setting (e.g., enforcement of an ethics code), our results contest situationist perspectives that deemphasize the importance of personality. Moral people can be identified by self-reports in surveys, and these self-reports predict consequential behaviors months after the initial assessment. PMID:25133716

Cohen, Taya R; Panter, A T; Turan, Nazli; Morse, Lily; Kim, Yeonjeong

2014-11-01

161

The development and discussion of computerized visual perception assessment tool for Chinese characters structures - Concurrent estimation of the overall ability and the domain ability in item response theory approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Visual perception is the fundamental skill required for a child to recognize words, and to read and write. There was no visual perception assessment tool developed for preschool children based on Chinese characters in Taiwan. The purposes were to develop the computerized visual perception assessment tool for Chinese Characters Structures and to explore the psychometrical characteristic of assessment tool. This study adopted purposive sampling. The study evaluated 551 kindergarten-age children (293 boys, 258 girls) ranging from 46 to 81 months of age. The test instrument used in this study consisted of three subtests and 58 items, including tests of basic strokes, single-component characters, and compound characters. Based on the results of model fit analysis, the higher-order item response theory was used to estimate the performance in visual perception, basic strokes, single-component characters, and compound characters simultaneously. Analyses of variance were used to detect significant difference in age groups and gender groups. The difficulty of identifying items in a visual perception test ranged from -2 to 1. The visual perception ability of 4- to 6-year-old children ranged from -1.66 to 2.19. Gender did not have significant effects on performance. However, there were significant differences among the different age groups. The performance of 6-year-olds was better than that of 5-year-olds, which was better than that of 4-year-olds. This study obtained detailed diagnostic scores by using a higher-order item response theory model to understand the visual perception of basic strokes, single-component characters, and compound characters. Further statistical analysis showed that, for basic strokes and compound characters, girls performed better than did boys; there also were differences within each age group. For single-component characters, there was no difference in performance between boys and girls. However, again the performance of 6-year-olds was better than that of 4-year-olds, but there were no statistical differences between the performance of 5-year-olds and 6-year-olds. Results of tests with basic strokes, single-component characters and compound characters tests had good reliability and validity. Therefore, it can be apply to diagnose the problem of visual perception at preschool. PMID:25462505

Wu, Huey-Min; Lin, Chin-Kai; Yang, Yu-Mao; Kuo, Bor-Chen

2014-11-12

162

Designing CALL for learning Chinese characters  

OpenAIRE

Despite the enormity of its quantity, printed or written forms of Chinese characters are composed from a limited number of common components. For example, the characters for pond( ), lake( ), stream( ), river ( ), sea( ) and ocean( ) all contain a component in common, a three-dot component representing water. When this clue is explicitly highlighted to students, the learning of Chinese characters can be greatly enhanced. Using a computer to help students to develop this kind of structural awa...

Ki, Ww; Lam, Hc; Law, N.; Chung, Als; Ko, Py; Ho, Ahs; Pun, Sw

2001-01-01

163

Handwritten alphanumeric character recognition by the neocognitron.  

Science.gov (United States)

A pattern recognition system which works with the mechanism of the neocognitron, a neural network model for deformation-invariant visual pattern recognition, is discussed. The neocognition was developed by Fukushima (1980). The system has been trained to recognize 35 handwritten alphanumeric characters. The ability to recognize deformed characters correctly depends strongly on the choice of the training pattern set. Some techniques for selecting training patterns useful for deformation-invariant recognition of a large number of characters are suggested. PMID:18282857

Fukushima, K; Wake, N

1991-01-01

164

Efficient Learning Strategy of Chinese Characters Based on Network Approach  

OpenAIRE

Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method...

Yan, Xiaoyong; Fan, Ying; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

165

Complex Characters Made Simple  

Science.gov (United States)

The physical significance of complex characters is explored with particular reference to the C[subscript 4] point group. While a diagrammatic representation of these characters in this group is possible, the extension to higher groups C[subscript n], n greater than 4 is left as a problem for discussion. (Contains 3 tables, 8 figures, and 1 note.)

Kettle, Sidney F. A.

2009-01-01

166

Juvenile phase of seedling development in six Eurasian 5-needle Pine species: pattern and character of interspecific differences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A species-specific trait system is formed as a result of two main factors: phylogenetic (origin, relationships and adaptive (environment within a modern natural habitat. Traits themselves also may be ranged by theirphylogenetic stability and adaptive value. Species are usually characterized by definitive traits. Meanwhile, ontogenetic traits may alsobe useful for understanding both species' phylogenesis and adaptation to climatic conditions. The purpose of the present study is toinvestigate the juvenile shoot structure in some Eurasian Pinus species from the section strobus. In the southern part of the WesternSiberian Plain forest zone, seedling growth and development were studied on six Eurasian species: stone pines (Pinus sibirica, P. cembra,P. pumila, P. koraiensis and white pines (P. parviflora, P. armandii. Shoot growth duration increases with an increase in vegetation season duration and the number of effective temperatures in the species' natural habitat: growth began slightly later, but it finished significantlylater. As far as shoot growth duration is concerned, the studied species were divided into 4 groups: (1 subarctic-subalpine P. pumila - 45-50 days, (2 boreal-mountain P. sibirica and P. cembra - 50-55 days, (3 nemoral from the monsoon forests P. koraiensis and P. parviflora - 60-65 days, (4 subtropical P. armandii - 75-80 days. The differences instructure and development of the juvenile shoots were not related to the climate in the natural habitat of species. On the basis of the juvenile morphogenesis duration and the presence of the mature organ type (5-needle short shoots on the juvenile shoot, three pairs ofspecies were distinguished: P. sibirica and P. cembra (1 year, do not have short shoots; P. koraiensis and P. armandii (1 year, shortshoots are present; P. parviflora and P. pumila (2 years, short shoots are present. It is shown that there is a close relationship between the species within each pair and a new argument is added in favor of the polyphyletic origin hypothesis for modern subsection Cembrae of the genus Pinus. The more important is one or another feature for species survival: the less it is connected with its phylogenesis, and the more it is related to modern climatic conditions. For species taxonomy, neutral features in the adaptive sense are relevant where they possiblydo not absolutely influence the real plants' life. A juvenile shoot is a shoot without bud scales. It has obviously remained in the Pinus ontogeny from the time when the ancestors of the modern species grew in a climate with weakly marked seasons. For P. parviflora from the region with a temperate maritime climate, a two-year cycle of juvenile shoot development, apparently, is quite organic. For P. pumila which may be related to it and grows on an enormous area including north-eastern Siberia, it is an undesirable property that would limit the adaptive ability of species. The P. pumila seedlings demonstrate an extraordinarily high level of juvenile shoot diversity. This suggests the relatively recent origin of the species and its current active evolution.

A. G. Popov

2013-12-01

167

"Relaaax, I Remember the Recession in the Early 1980s...": Organizational Storytelling as a Crisis Management Tool  

Science.gov (United States)

In this conceptual paper, we consider organizational storytelling as a communications tool in which stories are used to reduce the stress and anxiety of organizational members during a crisis. While there is much consensus among organizational scholars detailing storytelling's active role in such processes as organizational learning and…

Kopp, David M.; Nikolovska, Irena; Desiderio, Katie P.; Guterman, Jeffrey T.

2011-01-01

168

2008-2009 Davis Digital Storytelling Challenge: Showcasing 21st-Century Learning in the Art Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital storytelling is the art of using digital content--still images, video clips, voiceovers, sound effects and music--to create short and compelling narrative movies. As an expressive medium in the art classroom, digital storytelling can be used to integrate subject matter knowledge and skills from many years of the school curriculum. If one…

Hutcheson, Brian

2008-01-01

169

Innovative Technique for Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. Indian scripts present great challenges to an OCR designer due to the large number of letters in the alphabet, the sophisticated ways in which they combine, and the complicated graphemes they result in. The problem is compounded by the unstructured manner in which popular fonts are designed. There is a lot of common structure in the different Indian scripts. All existing OCR systems developed for various Indian scripts do not provide sufficient efficiency due to various factors. The objective of this paper is to discuss a more efficient character recognition technique. This paper introduces a new technical approach to recognize Indian script characters which are unpredictable due to different problems in other OCR’s.

Sumant Raj Chauhan

2010-10-01

170

Apseudopsis adami, a new species of tanaidacean (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the NW Iberian Peninsula: postmarsupial development and remarks on morphological characters  

Science.gov (United States)

A new species of apseudomorph tanaidacean, Apseudopsis adami sp. nov., is described, including intraspecific variation, from specimens collected in the seagrass meadows of O Grove inlet (NW Iberian Peninsula, NE Atlantic). The new species is characterized by the unique combination of the following characters: pointed rostrum with rounded shoulders, four ventral propodal spines on pereopod 1, and posterolateral pointed apophyses on pereonites 2-5, regardless of the developmental stage of the individual. Two juvenile stages were identified before reaching maturity; early juvenile limbs are scarcely ornamented in comparison to the adults. Advanced juveniles represent the vast majority of the studied population, and the limb ornamentation is similar to that of the adults. Males show two different cheliped morphologies. After a preparatory stage, females pass through a sequence of copulatory instars followed by intermediate stages in which the female loses the ovisac after manca release. The number of segments of the antennular and antennal flagella and uropod endopods, as well as the development and ornamentation of the mandibular palp, are meristic changes that occur during development and allow rapid identification of the developmental instar.

Esquete, P.; Bamber, R. N.; Moreira, J.; Troncoso, J. S.

2012-12-01

171

Telling a Family Culture: Storytelling, Family Identity, and Cultural Membership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the role of public performance of private family identity through family storytelling. Using Narrative Performance Theory (Langellier & Peterson, 2006a, stories told as part of The Library of Congress’s StoryCorps project were analyzed for how families publicly told private family stories to identify themselves as a particular family as well as a culturally appropriate family in the modern United States. Five themes of cultural identity in family stories were identified. The study found that families largely focused on positive stories that portrayed the family as pro-social and happy. Negative stories focused on how the family overcame their adversities as a group. Laughter was used to minimize face-threatening stories. The construction of the group identity was framed in such a way as to connect the family group to a larger culture that values independence, self-reliance, and cohesion as a family group. The study concludes by arguing that more work should be done to understand how public and private communication in families shape our understanding of what it means to be a family.

Dena Huisman

2014-12-01

172

Exploring Persona-Scenarios - Using Storytelling to Create Design Ideas  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper explores the persona-scenario method by investigating how the method can support project participants in generating shared understandings and design ideas. As persona-scenarios are stories we draw on narrative theory to define what a persona-scenario is and which narrative elements it should consist of. Based on an empirical study a key finding is that despite our inherent human ability to construct, tell, and interpret stories it is not easy to write and present a good, coherent, and design-oriented story without methodical support. The paper therefore contributes with guidelines that delineate a) what a design-oriented persona-scenario should consist of (product) and b) how to write it (procedure) in order to generate and validate as many, new, and shared understandings and design ideas as possible (purpose). The purpose of the guidelines is to facilitate the construction of persona-scenarios as good, coherent stories, which make sense to the storytellers and to the audience – and which thereforegenerate many, new, and shared understandings and design ideas.

Madsen, Sabine; Nielsen, Lene

2010-01-01

173

Cost Effective Evaluation of Companies' Storytelling on the Web  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract: In this paper we present a cost effective and simple procedure for evaluating company web sites. Our assumption is that such sites are places for companies' self-presentation and that customers are readers of these texts. Web site texts with narrative qualities, e.g. scenes, actors, acts, initiate the customers' imagination and narrative mind and hence their decision making. These ideas are investigated in a qualitative study of two companies' self-presentation as future work places for students. The results demonstrate that the students choose the company that has a web site with rich narrative qualities above the company that has a web site with good graphical appearance, but poor narrative qualities. In conclusion, we suggest that user centred evaluation of commercial web sites by using the suggested method can pay attention to deep, narrative structures in both the company's self-presentation and the customers' reading of the web site texts.Keywords: Competitive advantage, decision-making, dramas, imagination, narratives, storytelling, web-design.

Clemmensen, Torkil; VendelØ, Morten Thanning

2004-01-01

174

Visual storytelling: a beneficial but challenging method for health research with young people.  

Science.gov (United States)

Visual storytelling is a new research approach drawing on established methods of photovoice and photo elicitation. It appears well suited to research with young people. We explored the feasibility of this approach, reflecting on benefits and challenges encountered while using it during a study of chronic disease self-management in adolescents. During in-depth interviews, 68 participants were questioned about the value of visual storytelling. Thematic analysis was applied. Visual storytelling was valued for (a) being a draw card during recruitment and increasing positive feelings about the research; (b) being fun; (c) promoting self-understanding; and (d) promoting expression, communication, and focus during interviews. Deciding what to photograph was difficult. More time and effort was required by researchers than for a standard qualitative interview study. The technique facilitated rich interviews, drawing into focus details of young peoples' lives that otherwise might not have been discussed. PMID:20729503

Drew, Sarah E; Duncan, Rony E; Sawyer, Susan M

2010-12-01

175

Learn Chinese Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Zhongwen.com is a valuable online resource for individuals just beginning to learn Chinese, as well as those who want to learn more. The site contains the complete on line text of "Chinese Character: A Genealogy and Dictionary". All the Chinese characters are hyperlinked so that users of the site can quickly decipher new and unfamiliar characters in English. Additionally, the site has readings about Chinese culture written in Chinese such as the "Art of War" and "Mao Sayings". Finally, for those who may just have basic questions about the Chinese language there is a frequently asked questions section that addresses common questions such as "Why are characters so complicated?" and "Are they pictures?"

Harbaugh, Rick

2007-02-04

176

La política relatada: el Storytelling de Barack Obama en el marco de la Operación Gerónimo / Politics Reported: Barack Obama's Storytelling Within the Frame of Operation Geronimo / A política relatada: o storytelling de Barack Obama no âmbito da Operação Gerônimo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A quantidade de informação na qual nos movemos atualmente exige que o político, bem como outros líderes que quiserem transmitir uma mensagem, compita com inumeráveis telas e dados. O storytelling surge nos últimos anos como técnica efetiva para que a mensagem proveniente do líder social conquiste o [...] bem mais valioso no mundo da comunicação total: o tempo do cidadão. Nestas linhas, introduz-se esta ferramenta discursiva, suas condições e elementos e, por meio de uma análise qualitativa, expõe-se sua presença na galeria de imagens que a Casa Branca publicou assim que matou a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in spanish El caudal de información en el que nos movemos actualmente exige que el político, como otros líderes que quieran transmitir un mensaje, deba competir con innumerables pantallas y datos. El storytelling surge en los últimos años como técnica efectiva para que el mensaje proveniente del líder social l [...] ogre conquistar el bien más preciado en el mundo de la comunicación actual: el tiempo del ciudadano. En estas líneas se introduce esta herramienta discursiva, sus condiciones y elementos y, por medio de un análisis cualitativo, se expone su presencia en la galería de imágenes que la Casa Blanca publicó luego de matar a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in english The gush of information reaching us today requires politicians and any other leaders intending to communicate to compete against a countless amount of screens and data. In the past few years, storytelling has swelled as an effective technique with which social leaders intending to communicate can co [...] nquer the most important asset in communication today: the citizens' time. These lines introduce the conditions and fundamentals of storytelling as a tool, revealing its presence through a qualitative analysis in a gallery of photographs published by the White House in the aftermath of Bin Laden's assassination.

Alberto Pedro, López-Hermida-Russo; Josefina, Vargas-Monardes.

2013-04-01

177

Optical Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

The Optical Character Recognition is a mobileapplication. It uses smart mobile phones of android platform. Thispaper combines the functionality of Optical CharacterRecognition and speech synthesizer. The objective is to developuser friendly application which performs image to speechconversion system using android phones. The OCR takes image asthe input, gets text from that image and then converts it intospeech. This system can be useful in various applications likebanking, legal industry, oth...

Ms. Nilam Divekar; Ms. Supriya Indalkar; Ms. Ravina Mithe

2013-01-01

178

Exploring the Potential of Video Games as Educational and Story-Telling Tools  

OpenAIRE

My project is a combination of an attempt to explore the potential of video games as educational and storytelling tools. The central questions I sought to answer at the beginning of this project are twofold: 1) How can video games be used as tools to educate players? 2) How can video games be used to tell stories, and how are they unique from other storytelling methods? In pursuit of the answer to the first question, I conducted a literature review of articles that explored how various video ...

Kitchen, Kelsen

2014-01-01

179

Raymond Andrews as Griot: Privileging Southern Black Communities through Oral Storytelling and Cultural History  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Raymond Andrews’ novels celebrate rural Black life by focusing on the customs and traditions of Southern African American communities. Critical to this celebration are the rhetorical strategies Andrews uses that privilege oral over literary storytelling. Using Geneva Smitherman’s discussion of the griot and Henry Louis Gates, Jr.’s concept of the speakerly text in the context of John Miles Foley’s work on comparative oral traditions, this essay explores the possibility and implications of describing Andrews’ written work as a form of oral storytelling.

Brennan Collins

2012-01-01

180

Teachers' Perceptions of School Organizational Climate as Predictors of Dosage and Quality of Implementation of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Organizational climate has been proposed as a factor that might influence a school's readiness to successfully implement school-wide prevention programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of teachers' perceptions of three dimensions of school organizational climate on the dosage and quality of teacher implementation of Positive Action, a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program. The dimensions measured were teachers' perceptions of (a) the school's openness to innovation, (b) the extent to which schools utilize participatory decision-making practices, and (c) the existence of supportive relationships among teachers (teacher-teacher affiliation). Data from 46 teachers in seven schools enrolled in the treatment arm of a longitudinal, cluster-randomized, controlled trial were analyzed. Teacher perceptions of a school's tendency to be innovative was associated with a greater number of lessons taught and self-reported quality of delivery, and teacher-teacher affiliation was associated with a higher use of supplementary activities. The findings suggest that perceptions of a school's organizational climate impact teachers' implementation of SECD programs and have implications for school administrators and technical assistance providers as they work to implement and sustain prevention programs in schools. PMID:25468408

Malloy, Margaret; Acock, Alan; DuBois, David L; Vuchinich, Samuel; Silverthorn, Naida; Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R

2014-12-01

181

Notch intracellular domain deficiency in nuclear localization activity retains the ability to enhance neural stem cell character and block neurogenesis in mammalian brain development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Notch has a broad range of regulatory functions in many developmental processes, including hematopoiesis, neurogenesis, and angiogenesis. Notch has several key functional regions such as the RBP-J?/CBF1 association module (RAM) domain, nuclear localization signals (NLS), and ankyrin (ANK) repeats. However, previous reports assessing the level of importance of these domains in the Notch signaling pathway are controversial. In this study, we have assessed the level of contribution of each Notch domain to the regulation of mammalian neural stem cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Reporter assays and real-time polymerase chain reactions show that the ANK repeats and RAM domain are indispensable to the transactivation of Notch target genes, whereas a nuclear export signal (NES)-fused Notch intracellular domain (NICD) mutant defective in nuclear localization exerts a level of activity comparable to unmodified NICD. Transactivational ability appears to be tightly coupled to Notch functions during brain development. Unlike ANK repeats and RAM domain deletion mutants, NES-NICD recapitulates NICD features such as promotion of astrogenesis at the expense of neurogenesis in vitro and enhancement of neural stem cell character in vivo. Our data support the previous observation that intranuclear localization is not essential to the oncogenesis of Notch1 in certain types of cells and imply the importance of the noncanonical Notch signaling pathway in the regulation of mammalian neural stem cells. PMID:25003789

Jang, Jiwon; Byun, Sung-Hyun; Han, Dasol; Lee, Junsub; Kim, Juwan; Lee, Nayeon; Kim, Inhee; Park, Soojeong; Ha, Soobong; Kwon, Mookwang; Ahn, Jyhyun; Chung, Woo-Jae; Kweon, Dae-Hyuk; Cho, Jae Youl; Kim, Sunyoung; Yoon, Keejung

2014-12-01

182

Character Education and Students Social Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these two aspects is the author trying to ideas by referring to some other writings. The end result, the authors expect the birth of a design patent as early referral to spearhead a character development program learners.

Syamsu A. Kamaruddin

2012-09-01

183

Character Education and Students Social Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these two aspects is the author trying to ideas by referring to some other writings. The end result, the authors expect the birth of a design patent as early referral to spearhead a character development program learners.

Syamsu A. Kamaruddin

2012-09-01

184

Character Recognition Using Genetically Trained Neural Networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Computationally intelligent recognition of characters and symbols addresses a wide range of applications including foreign language translation and chemical formula identification. The combination of intelligent learning and optimization algorithms with layered neural structures offers powerful techniques for character recognition. These techniques were originally developed by Sandia National Laboratories for pattern and spectral analysis; however, their ability to optimize vast amounts of data make them ideal for character recognition. An adaptation of the Neural Network Designer soflsvare allows the user to create a neural network (NN_) trained by a genetic algorithm (GA) that correctly identifies multiple distinct characters. The initial successfid recognition of standard capital letters can be expanded to include chemical and mathematical symbols and alphabets of foreign languages, especially Arabic and Chinese. The FIN model constructed for this project uses a three layer feed-forward architecture. To facilitate the input of characters and symbols, a graphic user interface (GUI) has been developed to convert the traditional representation of each character or symbol to a bitmap. The 8 x 8 bitmap representations used for these tests are mapped onto the input nodes of the feed-forward neural network (FFNN) in a one-to-one correspondence. The input nodes feed forward into a hidden layer, and the hidden layer feeds into five output nodes correlated to possible character outcomes. During the training period the GA optimizes the weights of the NN until it can successfully recognize distinct characters. Systematic deviations from the base design test the network's range of applicability. Increasing capacity, the number of letters to be recognized, requires a nonlinear increase in the number of hidden layer neurodes. Optimal character recognition performance necessitates a minimum threshold for the number of cases when genetically training the net. And, the amount of noise significantly degrades character recognition efficiency, some of which can be overcome by adding noise during training and optimizing the form of the network's activation fimction.

Diniz, C.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

1998-10-01

185

Cinematography and character depiction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay investigates the ways in which cinematography can be used in depicting characters effectively in the motion picture medium. Since an aspiring filmmaker may be overwhelmed by the expansive field of cinematography, this essay aims to demystify and systematise this aspect of filmmaking. It combines information from written sources (mostly text books on filmmaking and cinematography with observations made from viewing recent and older feature films. The knowledge is organised under the three main headings of lighting, camera view point and the camera’s mode of perception. The outcome is an accessible and systematised foundation for film makers to consult as an entry point into understanding the relationship between character depiction and cinematography:
“Cinematography captures and expresses what a character is
feeling – their attitude towards the rest of the world, their interior state” Ian Gabriel, director of Forgiveness (2004 [personal interview 2009].

William Francis Nicholson

2011-08-01

186

A Mobile Mixed-Reality Environment for Children's Storytelling Using a Handheld Projector and a Robot  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a system called GENTORO that uses a robot and a handheld projector for supporting children's storytelling activities. GENTORO differs from many existing systems in that children can make a robot play their own story in a physical space augmented by mixed-reality technologies. Pilot studies have been conducted to clarify the…

Sugimoto, Masanori

2011-01-01

187

Basic Language Skills and Young Children's Understanding of Causal Connections during Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the role of basic language skills for individual differences in preschoolers' understanding of causal connections. Assessments of basic language skills, expressive vocabulary, phonological processing, and receptive language comprehension were examined in relation to the production of causal connections in a storytelling

Brown, Danielle D.; Lile, Jacquelyn; Burns, Barbara M.

2011-01-01

188

The Application of Therapeutic Storytelling Techniques with Preadolescent Children: A Clinical Description with Illustrative Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

For the past 10 years, the first author has been using therapeutic stories with a wide variety of children in an outpatient, private practice setting. Clinical findings have suggested that this Therapeutic Storytelling Technique (TST) may be a useful addition to the armamentarium of the cognitive-behavioral child therapist. The present article…

Cook, J. William; Taylor, Laura A.; Silverman, Paul

2004-01-01

189

The Role of Storytelling in Understanding Children's Moral/Ethic Decision-Making  

Science.gov (United States)

As students advance in their education, the use of stories and specifically the process of storytelling often wane from the central mode of learning to be replaced with more didactic methods and content-driven applications. However, the use of stories has remained a central component of moral/ethics education and continues to be used as a…

Hunter, Cheryl; Eder, Donna

2010-01-01

190

Enhancing Sequential Time Perception and Storytelling Ability of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children  

Science.gov (United States)

A 3-month intervention was conducted to enhance the sequential time perception and storytelling ability of young children with hearing loss. The children were trained to arrange pictorial episodes of temporal scripts and tell the stories they created. Participants (N = 34, aged 4-7 years) were divided into 2 groups based on whether their…

Ingber, Sara; Eden, Sigal

2011-01-01

191

The Galli Galli Sim Sim Story Pond: Inspiring Children as Storytellers in India  

Science.gov (United States)

Children have long enjoyed a special status in the family and the community in India, where traditional teaching techniques include song, dance, play, and storytelling. In India, play-oriented, child-centered approaches to teaching and learning, which are common in the United States, Canada, Europe, and elsewhere, are the exception to the norm…

Batada, Ameena; Joshi, Ira; Sharma, Garima; Mehta, Swati

2010-01-01

192

Digital Storytelling as a genre of mediatized self-representations: an introduction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article provides a critical review of some of the most relevant studies ondigital storytelling and proposes a genre typology that allows an initialclassification of digital storytelling into two main types: educational and social.Digital storytelling is a multimodal emergent genre characterised by its versatilityand flexibility which has resulted in a series of subgenres. However, the mainpremise here is that differentiating between social and educational– although onedoes not exclude the other– and bearing in mind that most digital stories may lieat the intersection of both, is the most useful way to start labeling the massiveproduction of digital stories available nowadays on the Internet. The articlesincluded in this number are mostly educational (Ramírez-Verdugo & SotomayorGrande, and Reyes, Pich & García, Londoño-Monroy but they all include sometraces of the social type. Thus, Bou-Franch is an example of how studentsinterpret certain events that had social impact and that are part of history whileWestman’s article involves the creation of communities of practice among thosewho share the same interests. Finally, Herreros-Navarro, although educational inessence, describes a social act in which students intentionally choose a way topresent their own identity to society using digital storytelling

Barry Pennoch-Speck

2012-12-01

193

A Little-Used Art of Teaching: The Case of Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the art of storytelling as a means of introducing new mathematics topics. Telling a mathematically based story can be a break from the routine and can serve as literary mnemonics full of mental imagery that helps students recall in problem-solving steps. The authors provide a certain story that has been tried by several…

Meel, David E.; Gyurko, Deborah; Gaspar, Michelle

2006-01-01

194

Communicating Culture in the 21st Century: The Power of Media-Enhanced Immersive Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the potential of digital media technologies and new storytelling techniques in giving objects an emotional dimension and thus encouraging affective learning. The use of new immersive and participatory techniques is a means of contextualizing real objects, and perhaps a more effective way to reach diverse audiences and create…

Stogner, Maggie Burnette

2011-01-01

195

Joan Aiken's Armitage Family Stories: Place and Storytelling as a Way into the World  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the importance of place and story in the life and work of Joan Aiken (1924-2004), with a focus on the Armitage Family short stories. It explores the fluid relationship between books, storytelling and place in Joan Aiken's childhood and looks at her close relationship with the landscape of the Sussex Downs. Particular…

Sackett, Hannah

2012-01-01

196

Digital Storytelling and American Studies: Critical Trajectories from the Emotional to the Epistemological  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, digital storytelling has emerged as an alternative medium of knowledge production for students in American studies. A growing number of faculty are creating assignments which combine methodological markers of American studies and reinvented notions of critical pedagogy in a multimedia learning environment. Based on an analysis of…

Oppermann, Matthias

2008-01-01

197

Liberating the Arts: Promoting IT Fluency through the Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Fluency in information technology (IT Fluency) is a component of life-long learning necessary for a Liberal Arts student's post-graduate success in the global and digital economy. While challenging, promoting IT fluency at Liberal Arts colleges can be achieved through the integration of digital storytelling pedagogy in existing humanities…

Warren, Kenneth Xavier, Jr.

2011-01-01

198

Holistic development of the Human Factor (HM) elements as the foundation of good leadership character and the key to success in transformational development  

OpenAIRE

The main objective of this development project was to introduce the Human Factor (HF) theory at Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Mission (FELM) for the first time to provide a deeper understanding of the different human elements and their contribution to development programs. The project was guided by three questions, 1) what is the Human Factor theory, 2) what are the personality characteristics in leadership according to the HF theory, and 3) how do they interact? The dimension of leadership wa...

Iloma?ki, Markus

2009-01-01

199

Applying Adult Learning Theory through a Character Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavior of a character, Celie, in a movie, 'The Color Purple," through the lens of two adult learning theorists to determine the relationships the character has with each theory. The development and portrayal of characters in movies can be explained and understood by the analysis of adult learning…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

200

Performance of English Character Recognition with and without Noise  

OpenAIRE

Character recognition has been one of the most interesting and challenging research areas in the recent years. Many researchers develop scripts based on the different approaches used for the design of character recognition system. This paper provides a survey and classification of various character recognition techniques and describes a technique for converting textual content from a paper document into machine readable form.

Priya Sharma, Randhir Singh

2013-01-01

201

Integrating Research, Education, Outreach and Communication Through Storytelling: A Case Study in Progress  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to provide a meaningful context for non-technical users to be able to decipher and comprehend research data, it is necessary to provide background into the process involved. Storytelling can provide the narrative description that brings data alive by showing the 'Who' (providing human interest, education and training background, and career opportunities information), 'What' (focusing on discipline, field of study, research questions, and significance), 'Where' (geographic location(s), logistics involved in getting there, and elevation or depth), 'When' (time(s) of day, year data collected, and temporal scale data focus on), 'Why' (why is the data important intellectually as well as in the broader, societal context) and especially the 'How' (what tools, technology, mathematics, and statistics are used to collect, archive, and analyze data). The upcoming International Polar Year (IPY), running from March 2007 to March 2009, builds on prior polar research and IPYs, and offers a unique opportunity to showcase the process of data collection and analysis in a compelling human context. Internationally, the IPY Education, Outreach and Communication (EOC) subcommittee is seeking to integrate the EOC continuum and when appropriate repurpose information about specific research projects. For example, descriptions of projects designed initially for media purposes may also serve as the "at a glance" overview of a project that can then link to more detailed narrative descriptions of the projects, augmented with video and audio clips, web-links to related background information and relevant curriculum, and ultimately to the data itself, well scaffolded with relevant supporting materials and tools. In the United States, plans are underway for developing a suite of data stories that provide the narrative background of a project and can be used in museum kiosks and other informal science settings, data sheets, that provide teachers with an overview of the data, and curriculum and training for teachers using the model developed by the Earth Exploration Toolkit.

McCaffrey, M. S.; Ledley, T.; Manduca, C.; Salmon, R.

2006-12-01

202

Dirichlet Character Difference Graphs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We define Dirichlet character difference graphs and describe their basic properties, including the enumeration of triangles. In the case where the modulus is an odd prime, we exploit the spectral properties of such graphs in order to provide meaningful upper bounds for their diameter.

M. Budden

2013-01-01

203

Temperament and character correlates of emotional processing  

OpenAIRE

A hypothesised association between personality and emotional processing was investigated within the framework of Cloninger’s psychobiological theory. According to this model, personality development is based on the interaction between two domains: temperament and character. A non-experimental, correlational design was applied, using existing data from a sample of 630 South African first year psychology students who completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the University o...

Rouse, Patrick Martin

2013-01-01

204

OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION FROM PICTURES AND VIDEO  

OpenAIRE

The thesis discusses optical character recognition from images and video frames. The theoretical part of the thesis analyises the main steps of image preprocessing, text detection and character recognition. The practical part of the thesis describes developement of an application for optical recognition of arbitrarily oriented text in .NET framework. We use the Emgu CV library to implement the algorythm for automatic detection and compensation of text orientation and the algorithm for tex...

S?traser, Aljaz?

2012-01-01

205

Use of Splines in Handwritten Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

Handwritten Character Recognition is software used to identify the handwritten characters and receive and interpret intelligible andwritten input from sources such as manuscript documents. The recent past several years has seen the development of many systems which are able to simulate the human brain actions. Among the many, the neural networks and the artificial intelligence are the most two important paradigms used. In this paper we propose a new algorithm for recognition of handwritten t...

Sunil Kumar,; Gopinath S; Satish Kumar; Rajesh Chhikara

2010-01-01

206

Use of Splines in Handwritten Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Handwritten Character Recognition is software used to identify the handwritten characters and receive and interpret intelligible andwritten input from sources such as manuscript documents. The recent past several years has seen the development of many systems which are able to simulate the human brain actions. Among the many, the neural networks and the artificial intelligence are the most two important paradigms used. In this paper we propose a new algorithm for recognition of handwritten texts based on the spline function and neural network is proposed. In this approach the converse order of thehandwritten character structure task is used to recognize the character. The spline function and the steepest descent methodsare applied on the optimal notes to interpolate and approximatecharacter shape. The sampled data of the handwritten text are used to obtain these optimal notes. Each character model is constructed by training the sequence of optimal notes using the neural network. Lastly the unknown input character is compared by all characters models to get the similitude scores.

Sunil Kumar

2010-10-01

207

The Importance of Data Visualization: Incorporating Storytelling into the Scientific Presentation  

Science.gov (United States)

From its inception in 2000, one of the primary tasks of the Biomedical Data Reduction Analysis (BDRA) group has been translation of large amounts of data into information that is relevant to the audience receiving it. BDRA helps translate data into an integrated model that supports both operational and research activities. This data integrated model and subsequent visual data presentations have contributed to BDRA's success in delivering the message (i.e., the story) that its customers have needed to communicate. This success has led to additional collaborations among groups that had previously not felt they had much in common until they worked together to develop solutions in an integrated fashion. As more emphasis is placed on working with "big data" and on showing how NASA's efforts contribute to the greater good of the American people and of the world, it becomes imperative to visualize the story of our data to communicate the greater message we need to share. METHODS To create and expand its data integrated model, BDRA has incorporated data from many different collaborating partner labs and other sources. Data are compiled from the repositories of the Lifetime Surveillance of Astronaut Health and the Life Sciences Data Archive, and from the individual laboratories at Johnson Space Center that support collection of data from medical testing, environmental monitoring, and countermeasures, as designated in the Medical Requirements Integration Documents. Ongoing communication with the participating collaborators is maintained to ensure that the message and story of the data are retained as data are translated into information and visual data presentations are delivered in different venues and to different audiences. RESULTS We will describe the importance of storytelling through an integrated model and of subsequent data visualizations in today's scientific presentations and discuss the collaborative methods used. We will illustrate the discussion with examples of graphs from BDRA's past work supporting operations and/or research efforts.

Babiak-Vazquez, A.; Cornett, A. N.; Wear, M. L.; Sams, C.

2014-01-01

208

Weakening the local character  

CERN Document Server

In [Sh E46], Shelah obtained a non-forking relation for an AEC, (K,\\preceq), with LST-number at most \\lambda, which is categorical in \\lambda and \\lambda^+ and has less than 2^{\\lambda^+} models of cardinality \\lambda^{++}, but at least one. This non-forking relation satisfies the main properties of the non-forking relation on stable first order theories, but only a weak version of the local character. Here, we improve this non-forking relation such that it satisfies the local character, too. Therefore it satisfies the main properties of the non-forking relation on superstable first order theories. We conclude that the function \\lambda \\to I(\\lambda,K), which assigns to each cardinal \\lambda, the number of models in K of cardinality \\lambda, is not arbitrary.

Jarden, Adi

2011-01-01

209

Efficiency of Picture Description and Storytelling Methods in Language Sampling According to the Mean Length of Utterance Index  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Due to limitation of standardized tests for Persian-speakers with language disorders, spontaneous language sampling collection is an important part of assessment of languageprotocol. Therefore, selection of a language sampling method, which will provide information of linguistic competence in a short time, is important. Therefore, in this study, we compared the languagesamples elicited with picture description and storytelling methods in order to determine the effectiveness of the two methods.Methods: In this study 30 first-grade elementary school girls were selected with simple sampling. To investigate picture description method, we used two illustrated stories with four pictures. Languagesamples were collected through storytelling by telling a famous children’s story. To determine the effectiveness of these two methods the two indices of duration of sampling and mean length ofutterance (MLU were compared.Results: There was no significant difference between MLU in description and storytelling methods(p>0.05. However, duration of sampling was shorter in the picture description method than the storytelling method (p<0.05.Conclusion: Findings show that, the two methods of picture description and storytelling have the same potential in language sampling. Since, picture description method can provide language samples with the same complexity in a shorter time than storytelling, it can be used as a beneficial method forclinical purposes.

Salime Jafari

2012-10-01

210

AI Based Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract- In this paper we propose an approach for recognizing an English alphabet using their structural features. One of its major applications is Optical Character Recognition (OCR. Scanners produce bitmap images of the documents which are not edited by word processors. Rather than trying to match a bitmap to the stored letters, feature extraction attempts to recognize letters by condensing the scanned letters to their basic "Features" which are compared to a list of features stored in the program's code. To convert a .BMP file into equivalent text file we need to process the file. The whole paper consists of reading bitmap file and marking blocks, thinning the available bitmap block, extracting the feature points from the bitmap block along with their approximate position in the block, checking if there are circles or some enclosed regions in the bitmap and matching the feature points with ideal feature point set of each alphabet and if it matches with any one of them then recognizes the bitmap block as that character. The experimental results show improvement as it verifying most of the characters.

Nimish Kumar

2011-04-01

211

How iconic are Chinese characters?  

OpenAIRE

The study explores the notion that some Chinese characters contain pictorial indications of meanings that can be used to help retrieve the referent. Thirty adults with no prior knowledge of Chinese guessed the meanings of twenty Chinese characters by choosing between one of two photographs. Half of the characters were considered to be iconic and the other half was considered to be arbitrary. The proportion of correct guesses for iconic characters was high, but the proportion for arbitrary cha...

Bialystok, Ellen; Luk, Gigi

1999-01-01

212

How Iconic Are Chinese Characters?  

Science.gov (United States)

The study explores the notion that some Chinese characters contain pictorial indications of meanings that can be used to help retrieve the referent. Thirty adults with no prior knowledge of Chinese guessed the meanings of twenty Chinese characters by choosing between one of two photographs. Half of the characters were considered to be iconic and…

Luk, Gigi; Bialystok, Ellen

2005-01-01

213

Digital storytelling in sex education. Avoiding the pitfalls of building a ‘haram’ website  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses a participant design research project. The project aimed to provide information about sex and sexuality to groups considered to be vulnerable due to lack of knowledge and cultural barriers. The researchers worked with their students (from highly diverse cultural background to gather interview material that in turn was used by these students to write ‘life stories’. Although not digital storytelling as it is usually defined, the group for whom the website was built did not author their own stories directly, participant design can be understood as a form of ‘digital storytelling light’. In regard of presenting information about sexuality in an acceptable manner, this combined design and research method worked well. The article provides examples from the interview material, the life stories and reactions posted on the websites that were built on internet for a for Moroccan and Turkish-Dutch youngsters, the intended audience.

Christa de Graaf

2010-06-01

214

Creating legitimacy across international contexts: : The role of storytelling in international new ventures  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

2014-01-01

215

Creating Legitimacy across International Contexts: The Role of Storytelling for International New Ventures  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

2014-01-01

216

Madness in Shakespeare's Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the second part of this paper, the author initially stresses the literary context of "King Richard II", which allowed that we can it it like an historical drama rather than a tragedy; in the following section, the author analyses, from a phenomenological point of view, Richard II character and its parallelism with the opinion of authors, such as Minkowsky and Binswanger about time experience in depressive patients. In the conclusions, he stresses the genius of Shakespeare, in his search of human condition which allowed the revelationb of madness as belonging to it.

Nuno Borja-Santos

2014-10-01

217

Exploring new communication strategies for a global brand :transmedia storytelling and gamification  

OpenAIRE

Marketing is changing and companies or brands try to find new ways to engage consumers and involve them in their advertising efforts. There are two new communication strategies that might be able to lead the way into a new area of advertising and marketing: transmedia storytelling and gamification. The research questions were how to use such strategies in the communication or branding environment and how to use them when a global brand wants to communicate across cultures while adapting the a...

Brieger, Christian

2013-01-01

218

Once Upon a Time on Twitter : Storytelling and Narrative Elements on a Social Media Platform  

OpenAIRE

In this thesis the structure and usage of narrative within a social media platform isexplored, with Twitter as the chosen social media network. Narrative and storytellingwithin a social media sphere such as Twitter primarily focuses on bringing a certaincharacterization and voice to a user account with story and narrative generally coming insecond place. By studying and comparing real-life cases of storytelling on twitter I havecome to the conclusion that a narrative structure that combines a...

Persson Ho?gdahl, Jesper

2013-01-01

219

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

OpenAIRE

The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we i...

Mette Terp Høybe; Christoffer Johansen; Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen

2009-01-01

220

Digital storytelling in sex education: avoiding the pitfalls of building a 'haram' website  

OpenAIRE

This article discusses a participant design research project. The project aimed to provide information about sex and sexuality to groups considered to be vulnerable due to lack of knowledge and cultural barriers. The researchers worked with their students (from highly diverse cultural background) to gather interview material that in turn was used by these students to write ‘life stories’. Although not digital storytelling as it is usually defined, the group for whom the website was built ...

Christa de Graaf; Joke Hermes; Pauline Borghuis

2010-01-01

221

Evaluation Report of MakeBelieve Arts Helicopter Technique of Storytelling and Storyacting  

OpenAIRE

This research, commissioned by MakeBelieve Arts, a London-based theatre and education company, evaluated their educational programme for enhancing young children’s storytelling and story acting. The programme, called the ‘Helicopter Technique’, is based on the work of Gussin Paley’s work. Whilst this has received widespread recognition in the field of children’s play and narrative engagement , ther has been little empirical research into its benefits. The work encompassed examinatio...

Cremin, Teresa; Swann, Joan; Flewitt, Rosie; Faulkner, Dorothy; Kucirkova, Natalia

2013-01-01

222

AWARENESS AND COGNITIVE LOAD LEVELS OF TEACHER CANDIDATES TOWARDS STUDENT PRODUCTS MADE BY DIGITAL STORYTELLING  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research is to assess the student products created by digital storytelling, and to determine the awareness towards learning the topic and the cognitive loads of students during the process. Research was performed with a total of 52 teacher candidates attending 2nd class at “Classroom Teacher” department of Mersin University Faculty of Education in 2012-2013 education years. General scanning model was used to determine the cognitive loads and awareness of student produc...

Kilic, Figen

2014-01-01

223

In search of an intersubjective storytelling voice : an ethnographic narrative across two continents  

OpenAIRE

This thesis is a phenomenological study, grounded in my own British, Jamaican and Canadian tri-cultural location, and follows the path of a cross-cultural journey from classrooms and communities in Canada to Jamaica and back, in which I come to explore an intersubjective storytelling voice able to support literacy and relationship both, and bring forth the complex literacies that thrive beneath the surface in all our culturally diverse classrooms. My purpose in this thesis is to present a wea...

Murray, Claire Elizabeth

2008-01-01

224

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belief that individuals make meaning through a range of semiotic devices, including, among others, language, sound, graphics and text, it aims to examine discourse strategies of factuality and subjectivity in historical-cultural digital narratives and their multimodal realisations (Kress & Van Leeuwen 2001; Patrona 2005. To carry out this study a corpus of 16 digital stories was compiled and analysed from a multidisciplinary framework which draws from studies on digital storytelling, computer-mediated communication, media studies, and multimodal discourse analysis. Results show that students/digital story tellers resort to a number of varied multimodal discursive strategies which are constitutive of their identity as capable students in an educational setting.

Patricia Bou-Franch

2012-12-01

225

A Novel Technique to Read Small and Capital Handwritten Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A system has been developed for text writing systems using Support Vector Machines (SVM is called Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR. The main challenge in handwritten character recognition for Small and Capital letter is to build a system that is able to distinguish between variation in writing the same stroke (when the same stroke is written by different writers or the same writer at different times and minor variation in similar characters in the script. Other issues faced can be attributed to the large number of character and stroke classes. Some Indian scripts have character modifiers occurring in multiple non-overlapping horizontal units which are positioned on one or both sides of the main consonant. In such cases, we may also need to keep track of the sequence of horizontal units as they are written. The main problem in handwritten character recognition is recognition for Small and Capital letter is to build a system that is able to distinguish between variation in writing the same stroke and minor variation in similar characters in the script. Handwritten character recognition is not a new technology but it not gained public attention. The various features that are considered for classification are the character height, character width, the number of horizontal lines (long and short, image centroid and special dots. In this research paper extracted features were passed to a Support Vector Machine (SVM where the characters are classified by Supervised Learning Algorithm. These classes are mapped onto for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using fonts.

Ekta Tiwari

2012-06-01

226

Mobile Urban Drama - Interactive Storytelling in Real World Environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents methods and tools for producing location-based Mobile Urban Dramas. In a Mobile Urban Drama, the user becomes the main character in a play that is presented as a multimedia production (through audio, images, animations and videos) on the user's mobile phone and in the physical surroundings. The media files are linked via tags (2D barcodes/RFID) or GPS to the real world set as the stage of the drama. The dramaturgical concept is described, and a narrative architecture is introduced. It supports a rich variety of plot graphs implemented in a software framework that supports producing Mobile Urban Dramas. Dramas produced with the framework may span from pure art pieces to structured learning experiences, for example, biology learning framed in a thriller. Experiences from six dramas produced with the framework by a Danish theatre group are discussed. The results are general findings on the concept, the narrative structure, scenographic effects and tools for technical production

Hansen, Frank Allan; Kortbek, Karen Johanne

2012-01-01

227

The Player as Author: Exploring the Effects of Mobile Gaming and the Location-Aware Interface on Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The mobile internet expands the immersive potential of storytelling by introducing electronic games powered by portable, location-aware interfaces. Mobile gaming has become the latest iteration in a decades-long evolution of electronic games that seek to empower the player not just as an avatar in a gameworld but also as a co-author of that gameworld, alongside the game’s original designers. Location-aware interfaces allow players to implicate places in the physical world as part of their gameworld (and vice versa for the first time. In addition to empowering the player as a co-author in the process of constructing a compelling gameworld, then, mobile games eschew linear narrative structures in favor of a cooperative storytelling process that is reliant in part on the player’s experience of place. While such an author-player “worldmaking” approach to storytelling is not new, mobile games evolve the process beyond what has yet been possible within the technical and physical constraints of the traditional video gaming format. Location-aware interfaces allow mobile games to extend the worldmaking process beyond the screen and into the physical world, co-opting the player’s sensory experiences of real-world places as potential storytelling tools. In our essay, we theorize the unique storytelling potential of mobile games while describing our experience attempting to harness that potential through the design and implementation of our hybrid-reality game University of Death.

Tim Hetland

2012-02-01

228

Synthetic biology character and impact  

CERN Document Server

Synthetic Biology is already an object of intensive debate. However, to a great extent the discussion to date has been concerned with fundamental ethical, religious and philosophical questions. By contrast, based on an investigation of the field’s scientific and technological character, this book focuses on new functionalities provided by synthetic biology and explores the associated opportunities and risks. Following an introduction to the subject and a discussion of the most central paradigms and methodologies, the book provides an overview of the structure of this field of science and technology. It informs the reader about the current stage of development, as well as topical problems and potential opportunities in important fields of application. But not only the science itself is in focus. In order to investigate its broader impact, ecological as well as ethical implications will be considered, paving the way for a discussion of responsibilities in the context of a field at a transitional crossroads be...

Pade, Christian; Wigger, Henning; Gleich, Arnim

2015-01-01

229

Offline printed Arabic character recognition  

OpenAIRE

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) shows great potential for rapid data entry, but has limited success when applied to the Arabic language. Normal OCR problems are compounded by the right-to-left nature of Arabic and because the script is largely connected. This research investigates current approaches to the Arabic character recognition problem and innovates a new approach. The main work involves a Haar-Cascade Classifier (HCC) approach modified for the first time for Arabic character re...

Abdelraouf, Ashraf M.

2012-01-01

230

Asymmetry in Reproductive Character Displacement  

OpenAIRE

A commonly held view in studies of character displacement is that character states of both speciesare shifted in areas of sympatry. This view has been confirmed in an overwhelming number of cases for ecologicalcharacter displacement. Excluding species pairs in which one of the two interacting species is found onlywithin the distribution of the other species and species displaying gynogenesis, the pattern of reproductivecharacter displacement is asymmetrical in that the shift in character stat...

Jang, Yikweon

2008-01-01

231

A Novel Technique to Read Small and Capital Handwritten Character  

OpenAIRE

A system has been developed for text writing systems using Support Vector Machines (SVM) is called Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR). The main challenge in handwritten character recognition for Small and Capital letter is to build a system that is able to distinguish between variation in writing the same stroke (when the same stroke is written by different writers or the same writer at different times) and minor variation in similar characters in the script. Other issues faced can be at...

Ms. Ekta Tiwari; Dr. Maneesh Shreevastava

2012-01-01

232

Invariant approach to the character classification  

Science.gov (United States)

Image moments analysis is a very useful tool which allows image description invariant to translation and rotation, scale change and some types of image distortions. The aim of this work was development of simple method for fast and reliable classification of characters by using Hu's and affine moment invariants. Measure of Eucleidean distance was used as a discrimination feature with statistical parameters estimated. The method was tested in classification of Times New Roman font letters as well as sets of the handwritten characters. It is shown that using all Hu's and three affine invariants as discrimination set improves recognition rate by 30%.

Šariri, Kristina; Demoli, Nazif

2008-04-01

233

Maya Studio Projects Photorealistic Characters  

CERN Document Server

Create realistic characters with Maya tools and this project-based book Maya character generation tools are extremely sophisticated, and there's no better way to learn all their capabilities than by working through the projects in this hands-on book. This official guide focuses on understanding and implementing Maya's powerful tools for creating realistic characters for film, games, and TV. Use a variety of tools to create characters from skeleton to clothing, including hairstyles and facial hair, and learn how to use Performance Capture. A DVD includes supplementary videos, project support fi

Palamar, Todd

2011-01-01

234

Character and Culture: Towards a Man of Character—The Relevance of Traditional Igbo Family Values  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character and culture describe man both as an active and a passive agent in life. It is by being fashioned by culture that man cultivates character and by the use of this character so acquired that he develops and upgrades his culture; for culture is dynamic, that is elastic; as such there is need for eternal vigilance on the part of man to see his culture evolve and become better at every point in time. This can come about either spontaneously or through an agency; it is the duty of an agency to act upon what is given, required to produce a good result, in our instance to act on Igbo-African family values. This entails a dialogue of man and his milieu, for character grows form a healthy and salutary agent, so knowledge of, belief in and application of values is indeed a precondition.

Paul Ikechukwu Ogugua

2013-02-01

235

A Novel Approach for Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available “Optical Character Recognition”, abbreviated as OCR has become a very important aspect of life in today’s world especially in Computer vision applications, and also in the field of Robotics. Our basic objective is to develop an efficient approach which can recognize the input printed-text with a high level of accuracy so that its output can be utilized in our final goal which is an English-Text to multilingual Translator. In this paper the methodology adopted to implement OCR is mainly explained in detail along with emphasizing the necessity and advantages over the present technique. In this paper, an efficient approach for optical Character recognition of printed text has been analyzed. The problems associated with Character Recognition are also mentioned. A Graphical User Interface (GUI, in this paper represented for that purpose.

Disha Bhattacharjee

2014-04-01

236

Delicious words – Assessing the impact of short storytelling messages on consumer preferences for variations of a new processed meat product  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Continuous food product improvements require communication that induces consumers to test the new products. The paper presents an experiment that investigated the characteristics of consumers who reacted positively to variations of a new meat product, and explores the effect of short storytelling messages on choice. 1087 Danish consumers were presented with binary choice sets consisting of conventional and new variations of a cubed ham product; half of the respondents in addition saw short storytelling messages. It was found that while some consumers – especially those characterized by values related to stimulation seeking and hedonism and with a tendency towards variety seeking – reacted positively to the new product, others were less interested. The introduction of elements of storytelling, however, had a favorable effect on choice for the segment previously less interested. Thus, the results suggest that consumers who otherwise were not open for the new food product became more positive when storytellingwas introduced.

Fenger, Morten H. J.; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica

2015-01-01

237

Efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on network approach  

CERN Document Server

Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that takes into account both the weight of the nodes and the hierarchical structure of the network. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as...

Yan, Xiao-Yong; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

238

Research on Russian National Character  

OpenAIRE

The special geographical location Russia lies in creates the unique character of the Russian nation. Based on the dual nature of the Russian national character, the Russian geographical environment and the analysis of its social structure, this text tries to explore the reasons of t...

Na Zhuo

2008-01-01

239

Mean values with cubic characters  

CERN Document Server

We investigate various mean value problems involving order three primitive Dirichlet characters. In particular, we obtain an asymptotic formula for the first moment of central values of the Dirichlet L-functions associated to this family, with a power savings in the error term. We also obtain a large-sieve type result for order three (and six) Dirichlet characters.

Baier, Stephan

2008-01-01

240

Understanding digital storytelling: individual ‘voice’ and community-building in youth media programs  

OpenAIRE

Digital storytelling (DST) has been widely used as a means of empowerment for marginalised voices across community-based projects worldwide. This paper discusses uses but also limitations of the practice in the context of a Melbourne-based youth media program for ‘youth at risk’ called YouthWorx. Based on our ongoing, long-term ethnographic research, we explore the cultural production of digital stories as a co-creative process that exposes a range of controversies to do with the politics...

Dr Craig Campbell; Dr Aneta Podkalicka

2010-01-01

241

Character Education and Media Literacy--Finding Common Ground.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses curriculum development in the areas of character education and media literacy. Topics include what character education is and what it attempts to promote within a school setting; moral judgments; moral and ethical values; behavior; decision making; the role of mass media, including media violence; and adding media education to the…

Herrington, Scott D.; Emmans, Cindy C.

2002-01-01

242

A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica / The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira [...] aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos. Abstract in english This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptua [...] l bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

Marina Tarnowski, Fasanello; Marcelo Firpo de Souza, Porto.

2012-12-01

243

A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos.This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptual bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

Marina Tarnowski Fasanello

2012-12-01

244

Recognizing characters of ancient manuscripts  

Science.gov (United States)

Considering printed Latin text, the main issues of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) systems are solved. However, for degraded handwritten document images, basic preprocessing steps such as binarization, gain poor results with state-of-the-art methods. In this paper ancient Slavonic manuscripts from the 11th century are investigated. In order to minimize the consequences of false character segmentation, a binarization-free approach based on local descriptors is proposed. Additionally local information allows the recognition of partially visible or washed out characters. The proposed algorithm consists of two steps: character classification and character localization. Initially Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) features are extracted which are subsequently classified using Support Vector Machines (SVM). Afterwards, the interest points are clustered according to their spatial information. Thereby, characters are localized and finally recognized based on a weighted voting scheme of pre-classified local descriptors. Preliminary results show that the proposed system can handle highly degraded manuscript images with background clutter (e.g. stains, tears) and faded out characters.

Diem, Markus; Sablatnig, Robert

2010-02-01

245

Thai handwritten character recognition by Euclidean distance  

Science.gov (United States)

This research applied the Euclidean distance technique to generate a system of Thai handwritten character recognition. The system consists of four main components which include: 1) Image Acquisition, 2) Image Pre-processing, 3) Recognition, and 4) Display Result. All training and testing handwritten characters in this research used all Thai native people to write them for avoiding invalid shape of Thai character. The character images fed to the training part totaling 3,513 characters. Out of 878 Thai handwritten characters tested, it was found that the system could recognize (accept) 716 characters or 81.55%, while rejecting 61 characters or 6.95% and misrecognizing 101 characters or 11.50%. We tested the system with 50 Japanese handwritten characters and 25 invalid Thai handwritten character shape, it was found that the system could reject 47 characters or 62.67% while misrecognizing 28 characters or 37.33%.

Pornpanomchai, Chomtip; Panyasrivarom, Pattara; Pisitviroj, Nuttakit; Prutkraiwat, Piyaphume

2010-02-01

246

Stein's Method and Random Character Ratios  

CERN Document Server

Stein's method is used to prove limit theorems for random character ratios. Tools are developed for four types of structures: finite groups, Gelfand pairs, twisted Gelfand pairs, and association schemes. As one example an error term is obtained for a central limit theorem of Kerov on the spectrum of the Cayley graph of the symmetric group generated by i-cycles, or equivalently for the character ratio of a Plancherel distributed representation on an i-cycle. Other main examples include an error term for a central limit theorem of Ivanov on character ratios of random projective representations of the symmetric group, and a new central limit theorem for the spectrum of certain graphs whose vertices are the set of perfect matchings on 2n symbols. The error terms in the resulting limit theorems are typically O(n^{-1/4}) or better. The results are obtained with remarkably little information: a character formula for a single representation close to the trivial representation and estimates on two step transition prob...

Fulman, J

2005-01-01

247

The Impact of Digital Storytelling on EFL Learners' Oracy Skills and Motivation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of digital storytelling (DST on EFL learners' oracy skills and their motivation towards the use of DST instruction. Thirty intermediate EFL learners were selected based on their performance on an Oxford Placement Test (OPT and were randomly assigned into two groups (one control and one experimental group each containing 15 participants. Three instruments, listening and speaking tests as pre-post tests, and a motivation questionnaire, were utilized to assess the participants’ oracy skills prior to and after the experiment. To analyze the data, Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA were run. According to the findings of the study, DST participants outperformed the control group in terms of oracy skills and motivation after the treatment. The findings highlighted the need for instruction through the implementation of digital software as a vital component of language instruction that is recommended to be taken into consideration in EFL curriculum.Keywords: Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Digital Storytelling, Oracy Skills, Motivation

Abdorreza Tahriri

2015-05-01

248

Story and science: how providers and parents can utilize storytelling to combat anti-vaccine misinformation.  

Science.gov (United States)

With little or no evidence-based information to back up claims of vaccine danger, anti-vaccine activists have relied on the power of storytelling to infect an entire generation of parents with fear of and doubt about vaccines. These parent accounts of perceived vaccine injury, coupled with Andrew Wakefield's fraudulent research study linking the MMR vaccine to autism, created a substantial amount of vaccine hesitancy in new parents, which manifests in both vaccine refusal and the adoption of delayed vaccine schedules. The tools used by the medical and public health communities to counteract the anti-vaccine movement include statistics, research, and other evidence-based information, often delivered verbally or in the form of the CDC's Vaccine Information Statements. This approach may not be effective enough on its own to convince vaccine-hesitant parents that vaccines are safe, effective, and crucial to their children's health. Utilizing some of the storytelling strategies used by the anti-vaccine movement, in addition to evidence-based vaccine information, could potentially offer providers, public health officials, and pro-vaccine parents an opportunity to mount a much stronger defense against anti-vaccine messaging. PMID:23811786

Shelby, Ashley; Ernst, Karen

2013-08-01

249

Mother-Child Book-Sharing and Children's Storytelling Skills in Ethnically Diverse, Low-Income Families  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined book-sharing interactions between mothers and their 4-year-old children from African American (n?=?62), Dominican (n?=?67), Mexican (n?=?59) and Chinese (n?=?82) low-income U.S. families, and children's independent storytelling skills one year later. Mothers' book-sharing style was analysed in terms of…

Luo, Rufan; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Kuchirko, Yana; Ng, Florrie F.; Liang, Eva

2014-01-01

250

View-dependent character animation  

CERN Document Server

Creating moving camera character animations in 3D is a multi-faceted computer graphics and computer vision problem. This book contains a large number of example animations to explain and illustrate this technique.

Chaudhuri, Parag; Banerjee, Subhashis

2007-01-01

251

Character encoding in corpus construction.  

OpenAIRE

This chapter first briefly reviews the history of character encoding. Following from this is a discussion of standard and non-standard native encoding systems, and an evaluation of the efforts to unify these character codes. Then we move on to discuss Unicode as well as various Unicode Transformation Formats (UTFs). As a conclusion, we recommend that Unicode (UTF-8, to be precise) be used in corpus construction.

Mcenery, A. M.; Xiao, R. Z.

2005-01-01

252

Character Sums Over The Prime Numbers  

CERN Document Server

A few elementary estimates of a basic character sum over the prime numbers are derived here. These estimates are nontrivial for character sums modulo large q. In addition, an omega result for character sums over the primes is also included.

Carella, N A

2012-01-01

253

Studying Characters in "Romeo and Juliet."  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an activity in which high school students who are reading "Romeo and Juliet" compile information on major characters and create a collection of cards similar to sports cards, to help them understand each character and that character's motives. (SR)

Guinhawa, Wilhelmina

1994-01-01

254

The pedagogical character of Janez Kuhar  

OpenAIRE

The diploma thesis attempts to provide theoretical and empirical evidence that the pedagogical character of a teacher and his/her attitude towards music education represents, in addition to motivation, an important factor in comprehensive development of the pupil/student. The theoretical part of the thesis includes a detailed description of the teacher and his/her personality and education structure. This involves in particular the teacher’s pedagogical instinct and systematic planning of m...

Mohar, Joz?ica

2011-01-01

255

Text vectorization based on character recognition and character stroke modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a text vectorization method is proposed using OCR (Optical Character Recognition) and character stroke modeling. This is based on the observation that for a particular character, its font glyphs may have different shapes, but often share same stroke structures. Like many other methods, the proposed algorithm contains two procedures, dominant point determination and data fitting. The first one partitions the outlines into segments and second one fits a curve to each segment. In the proposed method, the dominant points are classified as "major" (specifying stroke structures) and "minor" (specifying serif shapes). A set of rules (parameters) are determined offline specifying for each character the number of major and minor dominant points and for each dominant point the detection and fitting parameters (projection directions, boundary conditions and smoothness). For minor points, multiple sets of parameters could be used for different fonts. During operation, OCR is performed and the parameters associated with the recognized character are selected. Both major and minor dominant points are detected as a maximization process as specified by the parameter set. For minor points, an additional step could be performed to test the competing hypothesis and detect degenerated cases.

Fan, Zhigang; Zhou, Bingfeng; Tse, Francis; Mu, Yadong; He, Tao

2014-03-01

256

About the Chinese Character of “Ri”(“?”)  

OpenAIRE

The Chinese character of “Ri”(“?” )is a typical pictographic character. Given the fact that it reflects natural objects, it is very easy for it to be noticed by ancient people in the beginning of the Chinese character formation. Therefore, the examination of the character of “Ri”(“?” ) is of great significance to the study of Chinese characters. In the meantime, by examining the close ties between the characte...

Huang, Xu-wu

2006-01-01

257

Handwritten chinese character recognition using eigenspace decomposition  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we mainly describe a new approach of Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (HCCR), which is based on eigen-character extraction. The procedure of the eigen-character extraction method is explained including initialization, eigen character extraction (or eigen spaces generation) and character recognition. Two different methods are presented to do eigen character recognition respectively. Besides, k Nearest Neighbor (kNN) is implemented to improve the recognition rate of the ...

Long, Hui; Zhang, Xiaochen; Kuruoglu, Ercan Engin

2012-01-01

258

The Magic World of Storytelling: Some Points for Reflection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many ways to get students involved in the English learning process. Telling stories is one of the most effective ones. This article attempts to gather some pedagogical and psychological reasons why this kind of activity is important, not only to improve students vocabulary and make them achieve a feeling of self confidence but to let them develop social values.

Castro Martha

2002-08-01

259

Character recognition in a Japanese text recognition system  

Science.gov (United States)

Cherry Blossom is a machine-printed Japanese document recognition system developed at CEDAR in past years. This paper focuses on the character recognition part of the system. for Japanese character classification, two feature sets are used in the system: one is the local stroke direction feature; another is the gradient, structural and concavity feature. Based on each of those features, two different classifiers are designed: one is the so-called minimum error subspace classifier; another is the fast nearest-neighbor (FNN) classifier. Although the original version of the FNN classifier uses Euclidean distance measurement, its new version uses both Euclidean distance and the distance calculation defined in the ME subspace method. This integration improved performance significantly. The number of character classes handled by those classifiers is about 3,300 (including alphanumeric, kana and level-1 Kanji JIS). Classifiers were trained and tested on 200 ppi character images from CEDAR Japanese character image CD-ROM.

Hong, Tao; Srikantan, Geetha; Zandy, V. C.; Fang, Chi; Srihari, Sargur N.

1996-03-01

260

Recognition of handprinted characters for automated cartography A progress report  

Science.gov (United States)

A research program for developing handwritten character recognition techniques is reported. The generation of cartographic/hydrographic manuscripts is overviewed. The performance of hardware/software systems is discussed, along with future research problem areas and planned approaches.

Lybanon, M.; Brown, R. M.; Gronmeyer, L. K.

1980-01-01

261

One view of the methodology in handwriting character recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper deals with the general methodology of structural handwriting character recognition systems. It is based on personal observations in developing such systems for commercial and postal applications. A model of handwriting is formulated as a human to human communication model and various implications of this model for handwriting recognition algorithms are considered including optimal criteria for digitization, size, and representativeness of training database and ultimate performance level. Arguments are given in favor of considering handwritten characters as a general class of geometrical curves bounded by some natural constraints as opposed to considerably redundant character shapes typical for machine printed characters. This approach favors a generative model of character formation rather than a transformative model and leads to a natural description of character shapes. Features and feature selection criteria are presented based on psychophysiological and information-theoretic ideas. Significance of classification technique is examined. The advantages and limitations of artificial neural networks for handwritten character recognition are briefly discussed. Various aspects of the complexity of character recognition algorithms are exposed.

Pintsov, Leon A.

1992-08-01

262

Character sheaves on unipotent groups in characteristic p>0  

OpenAIRE

These are slides for a talk given by the authors at the conference "Current developments and directions in the Langlands program" held in honor of Robert Langlands at the Northwestern University in May of 2008. The slides can be used as a short introduction to the theory of characters and character sheaves for unipotent groups in positive characteristic, developed by the authors in a series of articles written between 2006 and 2011. We give an overview of the main results of...

Boyarchenko, Mitya; Drinfeld, Vladimir

2012-01-01

263

Font generation of personal handwritten Chinese characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Today, digital multimedia messages have drawn more and more attention due to the great achievement of computer and network techniques. Nevertheless, text is still the most popular media for people to communicate with others. Many fonts have been developed so that product designers can choose unique fonts to demonstrate their idea gracefully. It is commonly believed that handwritings can reflect one's personality, emotion, feeling, education level, and so on. This is especially true in Chinese calligraphy. However, it is not easy for ordinary users to customize a font of their personal handwritings. In this study, we performed a process reengineering in font generation. We present a new method to create font in a batch mode. Rather than to create glyphs of characters one by one according to their codepoints, people create glyphs incrementally in an on-demand manner. A Java Implementation is developed to read a document image of user handwritten Chinese characters, and make a vector font of these handwritten Chinese characters. Preliminary experiment result shows that the proposed method can help ordinary users create their personal handwritten fonts easily and quickly.

Lin, Jeng-Wei; Wang, Chih-Yin; Ting, Chao-Lung; Chang, Ray-I.

2014-01-01

264

[Iatrogenes of manipulator character in abdominal surgery].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors analyzed the data of 281 cases of iatrogenes of manipulator character in abdominal surgery in order to investigate the circumstances and character of origin. There were 187 cases of operative confirmation and 84 cases of unintentional intraoperative retained foreign bodies. It was detected, that primary planned intervention of higher category of complexity should be related to the high risk group of the development of the operative confirmation. Retained foreign bodies with soft fabric base were diagnosed in early postoperative period as the result of the beginning of postoperative complications. The retained foreign bodies with tough backer material as a rule didn't cause the complications in early postoperative period. They were diagnosed in long-term postoperative period in majority of cases. PMID:24640748

Ungurian, V M; Grinev, M V; Demko, A E; Povzun, S A

2013-01-01

265

Seismic echo character northern Hatteras Abyssal Plain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Latest efforts in echo-character mapping of the northern Hatteras Abyssal Plain have discerned variations in thickness in a near-surface sedimentary sequence which has been designated seismic unit A. This unit probably represents the last episode of progradation of the Hatteras Deep Sea Fan in the southern part of the study area, and has infilled probable paleochannels from the Wilmington Canyon and Sohm Gap in the north. Unit A thins to a minimum in the central part of the plain, where older sediments come within 1 meter of the surface. Variations in the character of the surface reflector probably represent differing degrees of microtopography developed on a Late Pleistocene surface overlain by Holocene sediments. With the exception of one area identified as a relict surface outcropping in the western plain, this microtopography seems related to present-day thalweg locations on the abyssal plain. 11 references, 13 figures

266

Storytelling and environmental information: connecting schoolchildren and herpetofauna in Morocco.  

Science.gov (United States)

Northwestern Morocco is undergoing a sudden change in the level of infrastructure growth and pressure on the environment from increased tourism. The ongoing changes are raising questions about how the ecosystem will react, and the relevant drivers of these changes. The Oued Laou valley in north-west Morocco hosts high landscape, species and human cultural diversity. The Talassemtane National Park has been established to preserve the environment in this region; however, what information tools are available to children regarding this environment? The ecosystem is illustrated here using three components: herpetofauna (representing ecosystem components), problems related to water quantity and quality (representing interactions within ecosystem components) and Talassemtane National Park (representing a case of ecosystem management). A children's book was written on this topic, and when the book was delivered to pupils, a questionnaire was included, aimed at determining their sources of environmental information. The results identified major changes in the sources of information utilized by children in this part of Morocco, a clear role of schools in explaining ecosystem components, and an increasing role of TV in environmental information supply. The role of the family was found to be less important than TV or school. Another major source of pupils' environmental knowledge is personal observation and hands-on experience, both for rural and urban children. Children are willing to discover and understand complex systems, and researchers should be encouraged to supply children with correct and up-to-date information on environmental systems, focusing at first on the local environment, as a background for sustainable development. PMID:21392289

Fanini, Lucia; Fahd, Soumia

2009-06-01

267

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

HØybye, Mette Terp; Johansen, Christoffer

2005-01-01

268

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

Mette Terp Høybe

2009-01-01

269

Speaking truth to power: Indigenous storytelling as an act of living resistance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our preparation for this issue, we had particular expectations and beliefs about what it meant to theorize and map out decolonization. We saw decolonization as under theorized and needing more attention. What the authors of this issue reminded us of is that decolonization does not fit the demands and expectations of the Western Euroversity – it is alive and vibrant, being theorized and enacted in Indigenous communities around the globe through practices such as story telling. In this editorial we examine the role that Indigenous storytelling plays as resurgence and insurgence, as Indigenous knowledge production, and as disruptive of Eurocentric, colonial norms of ‘objectivity’ and knowledge. As the authors in this issue explore the specific and located knowledges that work to decolonization, we finish by asking what the role of the reader is in bearing witness to these profound, powerful, and complex articulations of decolonization and Indigenous being.

Aman Sium

2013-05-01

270

Digital Storytelling as a Whole-Class Learning Activity: Lessons from a Three-Years Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces PoliCultura, a project created by Politecnico di Milano for the Italian schools, which has just completed three years of deployment. Participating classes (with pupils aged between 4 and 18 years) are required to create their own multimedia story, using an authoring-delivery environment (1001stories) provided by Politecnico di Milano. PoliCultura has offered us the opportunity to investigate the prolonged use of digital storytelling authoring tools as a whole-class educational activity in a wide number of real educational settings: approximately 7,620 pupils from 381 classes have been involved in this project since its birth in 2006. From the overall PoliCultura experience and from the wide amount of qualitative and quantitative data collected from participants though online surveys, focus groups, interviews and contextual inquiry activities, we have learned a number of lessons that we discuss in the paper.

di Blas, Nicoletta; Garzotto, Franca; Paolini, Paolo; Sabiescu, Amalia

271

Stages in Learning to Pronounce Chinese Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews research examining whether children can use information in the Chinese writing system to pronounce characters. Argues that the overarching graphophonological insight in reading Chinese characters is the phonetic principle --the principle that the phonetic components of compound characters provide information about character pronunciation.…

Chen, Xi; Shu, Hua; Wu, Ningning; Anderson, Richard C.

2003-01-01

272

Re-Emphasizing Character Education in Early Childhood Programs: Korean Children's Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education efforts are influenced by the cultures in which they are implemented. This article describes the character education provided to children in Korea, both in school and at home. The author explores how the Korean early childhood education system strives to ensure positive character development among children. These discussions…

Lee, Guang-Lea

2013-01-01

273

The Role of Phonological Activation in the Visual Semantic Retrieval of Chinese Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

The Stroop paradigm was used to examine the role of phonological activation in semantic access and its development in reading Chinese characters. Subjects (age 7-23 years) of different reading ability were asked to name the display color of Chinese characters. The characters were displayed in four different colors: red, yellow, blue and green.…

Guo, Taomei; Peng, Danling; Liu, Ying

2005-01-01

274

How Flexible Grouping Affects the Collaborative Patterns in a Mobile-Assisted Chinese Character Learning Game?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the impacts of spontaneous student grouping to develop young students' orthographic awareness in the process of learning Chinese characters. A mobile-assisted Chinese character forming game is used to assign each student a Chinese character component on their smartphones through a wireless network. Fifteen Singaporean…

Wong, Lung-Hsiang; Hsu, Ching-Kun; Sun, Jizhen; Boticki, Ivica

2013-01-01

275

Phonetic Awareness: Knowledge of Orthography-Phonology Relationships in the Character Acquisition of Chinese Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the development of phonetic awareness, and insight into the structure and function of Chinese characters that give a clue to pronunciation. Participants were 113 Chinese second, fourth, and sixth graders enrolled in a working-class Beijing, China elementary school. Results show that both character familiarity and character regularity…

Shu, Hua; Anderson, Richard C.; Wu, Ningning

2000-01-01

276

Omnifont Character Recognition Based On Fast Feature Vectorization  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents major achievements made towards the development of a high-speed optical character recognition (OCR) workstation for characters of various fonts and sizes. The system is based upon an efficient feature extraction concept centred around an edge-vectorization technique. The resulting edges are mapped into a feature space from where a binary feature vector is built and subsequently fed to a standard statistical Bayesian classifier. The technique has been demonstrated on an IBM-PC/XT (without coprocessor) to operate at least 25 times the speed of conventional OCR techniques, achieving a 100% recognition rate with learned characters and 87% with unlearned.

Yung, H. C.; Green, I. M.

1988-10-01

277

Moral Character and Student Aid  

Science.gov (United States)

Thirty years after the creation of federal student financial aid programs through the Higher Education Act of 1965, the link between moral character and student financial aid programs is once again influencing the public policy debate. A careful look at the debate, though, shows that the nature of concerns has shifted. In the past, the question…

Flint, Thomas A.

2012-01-01

278

Character sums over shifted primes  

OpenAIRE

For integer $q$, let $\\chi$ be a primitive multiplicative character$\\pmod q.$ For integer $a$ coprime to $q$, we obtain a new bound for the sums $$\\sum_{n\\le N}\\Lambda(n)\\chi(n+a),$$ where $\\Lambda(n)$ is the von Mangoldt function. This bound improves and extends the range of a result of Friedlander, Gong and Shparlinski

Kerr, Bryce

2013-01-01

279

The Binary Perfect Phylogeny with Persistent characters  

CERN Document Server

The near-perfect phylogeny over binary set of characters has been proposed as an extension of the too restrictive model of the perfect phylogeny in order to model biological events such as homoplasy. However the model appears to be too general to model some situations and is computationally inefficient on some instances. In this paper we consider the problem of reconstructing a near-perfect phylogeny where only a type of homoplasy is allowed in the tree: we consider back mutations according to notion of {\\em persistency}, that is characters can be gained and lost at most once. The notion of persistency leads to the problem of the Persistent Perfect Phylogeny (referred as P-PPH). By exploring combinatorial properties of the problem we develop an exact algorithm for solving the P-PPH problem that in the worst case runs in time that is exponential in the number of characters, but is polynomial in the number of species. Indeed, we show that the P-PPH problem can be restated as a special case of the Incomplete Per...

Braghin, Chiara; Trucco, Gabriella; Bonizzoni, Paola

2011-01-01

280

Signature Analysis based Character Recognition Approach  

OpenAIRE

The Character Recognition of both typed as well as handwritten characters is still an open area of research. Although significant success has been achieved in type written characters but in handwritten it is still to touch an appreciable level. This research proposes an approach of character recognition which besides producing better results of recognition is extremely less complicated as compared to the prevalent ones. The proposed method is independent of the size of the Character being rec...

Muheet Ahmed Butt

2012-01-01

281

Segmentation of Handwritten Text Document Written in Devanagri Script for Simple character, skewed character and broken character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OCR (optical character recognition is a technology that is commonly used for recognizing patterns artificial intelligence & computer machine. With the help of OCR we can convert scanned document into editable documents which can be further used in various research areas. In this paper, we are presenting a character segmentation technique that can segment simple characters, skewed characters as well as broken characters. Character segmentation is very important phase in any OCR process because output of this phase will be served as input to various other phase like character recognition phase etc. If there is some problem in character segmentation phase then recognition of the corresponding character is very difficult or nearly impossible.

Vneeta Rani

2013-06-01

282

Burgess bounds for multi-dimensional short mixed character sums  

OpenAIRE

This paper develops Burgess bounds for short mixed character sums in multi-dimensional settings. In particular, the method capitalizes on recent results on multi-dimensional Vinogradov Mean Value Theorems for translation-dilation invariant systems in order to prove character sum bounds that are both strong (analogous to the original work of Burgess) and flexible, with general statements that may be specialized advantageously to certain situations. The multi-dimensional natur...

Pierce, L. B.

2014-01-01

283

Characterness: an indicator of text in the wild.  

Science.gov (United States)

Text in an image provides vital information for interpreting its contents, and text in a scene can aid a variety of tasks from navigation to obstacle avoidance and odometry. Despite its value, however, detecting general text in images remains a challenging research problem. Motivated by the need to consider the widely varying forms of natural text, we propose a bottom-up approach to the problem, which reflects the characterness of an image region. In this sense, our approach mirrors the move from saliency detection methods to measures of objectness. In order to measure the characterness, we develop three novel cues that are tailored for character detection and a Bayesian method for their integration. Because text is made up of sets of characters, we then design a Markov random field model so as to exploit the inherent dependencies between characters. We experimentally demonstrate the effectiveness of our characterness cues as well as the advantage of Bayesian multicue integration. The proposed text detector outperforms state-of-the-art methods on a few benchmark scene text detection data sets. We also show that our measurement of characterness is superior than state-of-the-art saliency detection models when applied to the same task. PMID:24808338

Yao Li; Wenjing Jia; Chunhua Shen; van den Hengel, Anton

2014-04-01

284

IPY Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

"Live from the Poles" tells the stories of science on ice. This NSF-sponsored education and outreach project (polardiscovery.whoi.edu) aims to go beyond results and sound bites to convey the full experience of polar research with all its trials, triumphs, and nuances. It uses a multimedia approach, including online photo essays posted daily during expeditions, along with videos, interviews, podcasts, animations, and audio clips-plus live satellite phone calls to audiences in major museums and science centers throughout the country. Our media team, typically a science writer and photographer, are embedded into the research program for the duration of the project. They live in the polar environment with the science party, bolstering their ability to convey the "human side" of the story that engages the public: What inspired the researchers to study the Arctic? What do they eat for dinner? How do they cope with the environment and being away from home? What other unexpected challenges will arise and how will they be overcome? The first expedition, in April 2007, shared the excitement of working in Nunavut, Canada, as researchers prepared to deploy instruments at the North Pole Environmental Observatory. The second followed an international scientific team's search for hydrothermal vents aboard the Swedish icebreaker Oden in July-August 2007. The Polar Discovery Web site has attracted more than 74,000 online visitors in its first eight months of operation. During the first two expeditions, the project facilitated 15 live audio talks to museum audiences, media outlets, and teacher workshops. This presentation will focus on lessons learned from the first two expeditions, with perspectives on science reporting and writing in the field from a science writer at AGU, and on the art of documentary photography, from photographer and project manager Chris Linder, who will speak via satellite phone from the third Polar Discovery expedition in Antarctica.

Linder, C. A.; Lippsett, L.; Carlowicz, M.

2007-12-01

285

Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Much current debate in 21st century education centers on the relevance of the humanities because of the emphasis on science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines and their role in workforce preparation. For the educators the question becomes, What can the humanities offer students in the 21st century? This is the generation that…

King, Michael D.

2012-01-01

286

Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program  

OpenAIRE

A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resour...

Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke; Sharon Thomas

2012-01-01

287

The Public Library and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Storyteller-in-Residence Program of the Cape Breton Regional Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In June 2011, the Cape Breton Regional Library Board appointed Ken Chisholm as its Storyteller-in-Residence, the first such appointment for a public library system in Nova Scotia. The board was also one of the first public bodies in Canada to make a program decision that specifically cited the UNESCO Convention on the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The part-time position was created following local and external research and consultations, and the establishment of a formal selection and advisory process. This article briefly highlights the other “library laureate” programs that were studied and presents an overview of the process adopted by the Cape Breton Regional Library. The Storyteller-in-Residence is a permanent program, although the successful candidate is named to a two-year term. The Storyteller-in-Residence helps communities to preserve memories and oral traditions, serves as an ambassador for the library, and assists with activities in the library’s 13 branches and two bookmobiles.

Tom Urbaniak

2012-01-01

288

Finite geometry and character theory  

CERN Document Server

Difference sets are of central interest in finite geometry and design theory. One of the main techniques to investigate abelian difference sets is a discrete version of the classical Fourier transform (i.e., character theory) in connection with algebraic number theory. This approach is described using only basic knowledge of algebra and algebraic number theory. It contains not only most of our present knowledge about abelian difference sets, but also gives applications of character theory to projective planes with quasiregular collineation groups. Therefore, the book is of interest both to geometers and mathematicians working on difference sets. Moreover, the Fourier transform is important in more applied branches of discrete mathematics such as coding theory and shift register sequences.

Pott, Alexander

1995-01-01

289

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9. This method was modified to eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet.

A. MELO

1997-01-01

290

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9). This method was modified to [...] eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet) to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet).

A., MELO; O., MALASPINA; J. A. F., DINIZ-FILHO.

291

The capricious character of nature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature. PMID:25382121

Keto, Jaana; Annila, Arto

2012-01-01

292

CHARACTER RECOGNITION WITH HOPFIELD NETWORK  

OpenAIRE

In this diploma thesis we have studied Hopfield neural network operation and recognition of characters, which are presented as twodimensional binary patterns. First, we have described the basics of neural networks in general, after which we have also considered the structure and operation of the Hopfield neural network. Further, we have presented the problem of false attractors and the method of distinguishing between false attractors and learned states. We have also presented our implementa...

Vis?ic?, Marko

2009-01-01

293

Video-Based Character Animation  

OpenAIRE

In this paper we introduce a video-based representation for free viewpoint visualization and motion control of 3D character models created from multiple view video sequences of real people. Previous approaches to video-based rendering provide no control of scene dynamics to manipulate, retarget, and create new 3D content from captured scenes. Here we contribute a new approach, combining image based reconstruction and video-based animation to allow controlled animation of people from captured ...

Starck, J.; Miller, G.; Hilton, A.

2005-01-01

294

Action integrals and infinitesimal characters  

CERN Document Server

Let $G$ be a reductive Lie group and ${\\mathcal O}$ the coadjoint orbit of a hyperbolic element of ${\\frak g}^*$. By $\\pi$ is denoted the unitary irreducible representation of $G$ associated with ${\\mathcal O}$ by the orbit method. We give geometric interpretations in terms of concepts related to ${\\mathcal O}$ of the constant $\\pi(g)$, for $g\\in Z(G)$. In the spirit of the orbit method we interpret geometrically the infinitesimal character of the differential representation of $\\pi$.

Viña, Andrés

2008-01-01

295

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) testing  

OpenAIRE

The tests identified Scansoft OmniPage 15 as the package most suited to the project requirement. This report describes how we tested different Optical Character Recognition (OCR) packages for use on borehole scans. ScanSoft OmniPage 15, ABBYY FineReader 8, Readiris Pro 10 and TextBridge Pro 11, were analysed against certain criteria to determine which one would be more beneficial by increasing the speed of borehole data entry.

Corry, Eleanore C. J.; Swain, Emily A.

2006-01-01

296

Signature Analysis based Character Recognition Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Character Recognition of both typed as well as handwritten characters is still an open area of research. Although significant success has been achieved in type written characters but in handwritten it is still to touch an appreciable level. This research proposes an approach of character recognition which besides producing better results of recognition is extremely less complicated as compared to the prevalent ones. The proposed method is independent of the size of the Character being recognized and is able to accommodate character styles which have slight variations and also does not require thinning and other preprocessing measures as is required in other approaches

Muheet Ahmed Butt

2012-10-01

297

Topographic Feature Extraction for Bengali and Hindi Character Images  

CERN Document Server

Feature selection and extraction plays an important role in different classification based problems such as face recognition, signature verification, optical character recognition (OCR) etc. The performance of OCR highly depends on the proper selection and extraction of feature set. In this paper, we present novel features based on the topography of a character as visible from different viewing directions on a 2D plane. By topography of a character we mean the structural features of the strokes and their spatial relations. In this work we develop topographic features of strokes visible with respect to views from different directions (e.g. North, South, East, and West). We consider three types of topographic features: closed region, convexity of strokes, and straight line strokes. These features are represented as a shape-based graph which acts as an invariant feature set for discriminating very similar type characters efficiently. We have tested the proposed method on printed and handwritten Bengali and Hindi...

Bag, Soumen; 10.5121/sipij.2011.2215

2011-01-01

298

Quartic and Octic Characters Modulo n  

CERN Document Server

The average number of primitive quadratic Dirichlet characters of modulus n tends to a constant as n->infty. The same is true for primitive cubic characters. It is therefore surprising that, as n->infty, the average number of primitive quartic characters of modulus n grows with ln(n), and that the average number of primitive octic characters of modulus n grows with ln(n)^2. Leading coefficients in the asymptotic expressions are also computed.

Finch, Steven

2009-01-01

299

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese characters  

OpenAIRE

We show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. For long Chinese texts (or for mixtures of short Chinese texts), rank-frequency relations for Chinese characters display a two-layer, hierarchic structure that combines a Zipfian power-law regime for frequent characters (first layer) with an exponential-...

Deng, W. B.; Allahverdyan, A. E.; Li, B.; Wang, Q. A.

2013-01-01

300

Character Education and Students Social Behavior  

OpenAIRE

In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these tw...

Kamaruddin, Syamsu A.

2012-01-01

301

Character Recognition using RCS with Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS,...

Sureshkumar, C.; Ravichandran, T.

2010-01-01

302

Rapid Naming Speed and Chinese Character Recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the relationship between rapid naming speed (RAN) and Chinese character recognition accuracy and fluency. Sixty-three grade 2 and 54 grade 4 Taiwanese children were administered four RAN tasks (colors, digits, Zhu-Yin-Fu-Hao, characters), and two character recognition tasks. RAN tasks accounted for more reading variance in grade 4 than…

Liao, Chen-Huei; Georgiou, George K.; Parrila, Rauno

2008-01-01

303

The character strengths of class clowns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Class clowns traditionally were studied as a type concept and identified via sociometric procedures. In the present study a variable-centered approach was favored and class clown behaviors were studied in the context of character strengths, orientations to happiness and satisfaction with life. A sample of 672 Swiss children and adolescents filled in an 18 item self-report instrument depicting class clown behaviors. A hierarchical model of class clown behaviors was developed distinguishing a general factor and the four positively correlated dimensions of "identified as a class clown," "comic talent," "disruptive rule-breaker," and "subversive joker." Analysis of the general factor showed that class clowns were primarily male, and tended to be seen as class clowns by the teacher. Analyses of the 24 character strengths of the VIA-Youth (Park and Peterson, 2006) showed that class clowns were high in humor and leadership, and low in strengths like prudence, self-regulation, modesty, honesty, fairness, perseverance, and love of learning. An inspection of signature strengths revealed that 75% of class clowns had humor as a signature strength. Furthermore, class clown behaviors were generally shown by students indulging in a life of pleasure, but low life of engagement. The four dimensions yielded different character strengths profiles. While all dimensions of class clowns behaviors were low in temperance strengths, the factors "identified as the class clown" and "comic talent" were correlated with leadership strengths and the two negative factors ("disruptive rule-breaker," "subversive joker") were low in other directed strengths. The disruptive rule breaking class clown was additionally low in intellectual strengths. While humor predicted life satisfaction, class clowning tended to go along with diminished satisfaction with life. It is concluded that different types of class clowns need to be kept apart and need different attention by teachers. PMID:25324796

Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey; Hofmann, Jennifer

2014-01-01

304

Utilization of hierarchical, stochastic relationship modeling for Hangul character recognition.  

Science.gov (United States)

In structural character recognition, a character is usually viewed as a set of strokes and the spatial relationships between them. Therefore, strokes and their relationships should be properly modeled for effective character representation. For this purpose, we propose a modeling scheme by which strokes as well as relationships are stochastically represented by utilizing the hierarchical characteristics of target characters. A character is defined by a multivariate random variable over the components and its probability distribution is learned from a training data set. To overcome difficulties of the learning due to the high order of the probability distribution (a problem of curse of dimensionality), the probability distribution is factorized and approximated by a set of lower-order probability distributions by applying the idea of relationship decomposition recursively to components and subcomponents. Based on the proposed method, a handwritten Hangul (Korean) character recognition system is developed. Recognition experiments conducted on a public database show the effectiveness of the proposed relationship modeling. The recognition accuracy increased by 5.5 percent in comparison to the most successful system ever reported. PMID:15742893

Kang, Kyung-Won; Kim, Jin H

2004-09-01

305

The Capricious Character of Nature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature.

Arto Annila

2012-01-01

306

A note on generalized characters  

CERN Document Server

For a compactly generated LCA group $G$, it is shown that the set $H(G)$ of all generalized characters on $G$ equipped with the compact-open topology is a LCA group and $H(G) = \\dg$ (the dual group of $G$) if and only if $G$ is compact. Both results fail for arbitrary LCA groups. Further, if $G$ is second countable, then the Gel'fand space of the commutative convolution algebra $\\ccg$ equipped with the inductive limit topology is topologically homeomorphic to $\\hg$.

Bhatt, S J

2005-01-01

307

Character selecting advisor for a role-playing game  

Science.gov (United States)

Role-playing games have been a source of much pleasure and merriment for people of all ages. The process of developing a character for a role-playing game is usually very, very time consuming, delaying what many players consider the most entertaining part of the game. An expert system has been written to assist a player in creating a character by guiding the player through a series of questions. This paper discusses the selection of this topic, the knowledge engineering, the software development, and the resulting program that cuts the time of character development from about 4 hours to 30 minutes. The program was written on a PC and an Apollo in CLIPS 4.3 and currently runs on the Apollo.

Redfield, Carol L.; Berlanga, Felicia

1994-01-01

308

Character Formation and Service: A Millennial Student's Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

The author, a millennial college student, describes how his international service experiences positively influenced his social and moral development. He suggests ways educators may inspire students to develop core character values. He also argues that promoting these core values has been a primary purpose of the academy in the United States since…

Okumu, Jacob O.

2012-01-01

309

An investigation of career change using a narrative and story-telling inquiry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: The role of the career change experience has been investigated in this research. Understanding career change will assist with organisational interventions for the support and retention of employees.Research purpose: The study explores the factors that influence career change amongst a sample of distance learners.Motivation for the study: Distance learning is becoming popular in South Africa as individuals can work and learn simultaneously. Some people use distance learning to facilitate career change.Research design, approach and method: A narrative and storytelling inquiry was used. Data was obtained through unstructured interviews by purposive sampling.Main findings: Sources of career change included personal growth and ambition, and structural changes in relation to current work. The career change experience was found through participants’ stories and narratives to influence individual well-being. Finally, distance learning was favoured as a vehicle for career change for its flexibility and low cost.Practical/managerial implications: Organisations will benefit from an understanding of employee career change experiences as identified in this study. Arising from this, support and retention interventions can be put in place.Contribution/value-add: The research study shifts attention to career change as part of the career decision-making process. This focus is an emerging area of inquiry in the careers literature. This adds to the body of knowledge by identifying, in a South African context, the factors influencing career change and the impact of this on the individual. Interventions for individuals and organisations are suggested.

Willie T. Chinyamurindi

2012-12-01

310

Group discriminatory power of handwritten characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Using handwritten characters we address two questions (i) what is the group identification performance of different alphabets (upper and lower case) and (ii) what are the best characters for the verification task (same writer/different writer discrimination) knowing demographic information about the writer such as ethnicity, age or sex. The Bhattacharya distance is used to rank different characters by their group discriminatory power and the k-nn classifier to measure the individual performance of characters for group identification. Given the tasks of identifying the correct gender/age/ethnicity or handedness, the accumulated performance of characters varies between 65% and 85%.

Tomai, Catalin I.; Kshirsagar, Devika M.; Srihari, Sargur N.

2003-12-01

311

Intelligent form removal with character stroke preservation  

Science.gov (United States)

A new technique for intelligent form removal has been developed along with a new method for evaluating its impact on optical character recognition (OCR). All the dominant lines in the image are automatically detected using the Hough line transform and intelligently erased while simultaneously preserving overlapping character strokes by computing line width statistics and keying off of certain visual cues. This new method of form removal operates on loosely defined zones with no image deskewing. Any field in which the writer is provided a horizontal line to enter a response can be processed by this method. Several examples of processed fields are provided, including a comparison of results between the new method and a commercially available forms removal package. Even if this new form removal method did not improve character recognition accuracy, it is still a significant improvement to the technology because the requirement of a priori knowledge of the form's geometric details has been greatly reduced. This relaxes the recognition system's dependence on rigid form design, printing, and reproduction by automatically detecting and removing some of the physical structures (lines) on the form. Using the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) public domain form-based handprint recognition system, the technique was tested on a large number of fields containing randomly ordered handprinted lowercase alphabets, as these letters (especially those with descenders) frequently touch and extend through the line along which they are written. Preserving character strokes improves overall lowercase recognition performance by 3%, which is a net improvement, but a single performance number like this doesn't communicate how the recognition process was really influenced. There is expected to be trade- offs with the introduction of any new technique into a complex recognition system. To understand both the improvements and the trade-offs, a new analysis was designed to compare the statistical distributions of individual confusion pairs between two systems. As OCR technology continues to improve, sophisticated analyses like this are necessary to reduce the errors remaining in complex recognition problems.

Garris, Michael D.

1996-03-01

312

The nuclear fuel rod character recognition system based on neural network technique  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nuclear fuel rods should be discriminated and managed systematically by numeric characters which are printed at the end part of each rod in the process of producing fuel assembly. The characters are used to examine manufacturing process of the fuel rods in the inspection process of irradiated fuel rod. Therefore automatic character recognition is one of the most important technologies to establish automatic manufacturing process of fuel assembly. In the developed character recognition system, mesh feature set extracted from each character written in the fuel rod is employed to train a neural network based on back-propagation algorithm as a classifier for character recognition system. Performance evaluation has been achieved on a test set which is not included in a training character set. (author)

313

Marvel and DC Characters Inspired by Arachnids  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article compares arachnid-based Marvel and DC comics characters. The composition of a comic book character often has interesting ‘real-life’ influences. Given the strong connection between arachnids (especially spiders, scorpions and mites, all belonging to the zoological class Arachnida and human beings it is not surprising that they have inspired many fictional characters.We recorded 84 Marvel Comics characters and 40 DC Comics characters, detailed in the dataset that accompanies the article (Da-Silva 2014. Most characters have been created recently, since the 1990s. Marvel has significantly more arachnid characters than DC. As for taxonomic classification, the characters were based mostly on spiders (zoological order Araneae. Of the total characters, the majority are human beings, but an overwhelming number have at least some typical arachnid features. Villains (60.91% of total are significantly more numerous, considering the sum of the two publishers. Arachnids have bad reputation for being dangerous (Thorp and Woodson 1976; Ruppert and Barnes 1996. Since the public usually considers spiders, scorpions and mites “harmful” in general, we expected a larger contingent of villains. However, there was no statistical difference between the amount of villains and heroes in Marvel characters. It did not happen probably due to the success of one character: the Amazing Spider-Man.

Elidiomar Ribeiro Da-Silva

2014-12-01

314

Kannada character recognition system using neural network  

Science.gov (United States)

Handwriting recognition has been one of the active and challenging research areas in the field of pattern recognition. It has numerous applications which include, reading aid for blind, bank cheques and conversion of any hand written document into structural text form. As there is no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 15 major scripts in India. In this paper an attempt is made to recognize handwritten Kannada characters using Feed Forward neural networks. A handwritten Kannada character is resized into 20x30 Pixel. The resized character is used for training the neural network. Once the training process is completed the same character is given as input to the neural network with different set of neurons in hidden layer and their recognition accuracy rate for different Kannada characters has been calculated and compared. The results show that the proposed system yields good recognition accuracy rates comparable to that of other handwritten character recognition systems.

Kumar, Suresh D. S.; Kamalapuram, Srinivasa K.; Kumar, Ajay B. R.

2013-03-01

315

Getting Back on Track: The Importance of Play and Storytelling in Young Children’s Development  

OpenAIRE

In this interview, Vivian Paley describes how her curiosity and love of young children led her to work in early childhood education. She shares some of her own learning experiences with children that eventually resulted in her writing 13 books. As children go to school earlier, there is less and less time for play. This dramatic play and re-enactment is critical for children and constitutes an "original level playing field" in classrooms with wide diversity in culture and language. Finally, s...

Vivian Gussin Paley

2013-01-01

316

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing given by (alpha, beta (alpha * beta [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X. The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareamento dado por (alfa,beta (alfa * beta [X] induz isomorfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X. A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada.

REESE HARVEY

2001-06-01

317

Optical character recognition of handwritten Arabic using hidden Markov models  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The problem of optical character recognition (OCR) of handwritten Arabic has not received a satisfactory solution yet. In this paper, an Arabic OCR algorithm is developed based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) combined with the Viterbi algorithm, which results in an improved and more robust recognition of characters at the sub-word level. Integrating the HMMs represents another step of the overall OCR trends being currently researched in the literature. The proposed approach exploits the structure of characters in the Arabic language in addition to their extracted features to achieve improved recognition rates. Useful statistical information of the Arabic language is initially extracted and then used to estimate the probabilistic parameters of the mathematical HMM. A new custom implementation of the HMM is developed in this study, where the transition matrix is built based on the collected large corpus, and the emission matrix is built based on the results obtained via the extracted character features. The recognition process is triggered using the Viterbi algorithm which employs the most probable sequence of sub-words. The model was implemented to recognize the sub-word unit of Arabic text raising the recognition rate from being linked to the worst recognition rate for any character to the overall structure of the Arabic language. Numerical results show that there is a potentially large recognition improvement by using the proposed algorithms.

Aulama, Mohannad M. [University of Jordan; Natsheh, Asem M. [University of Jordan; Abandah, Gheith A. [University of Jordan; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL

2011-01-01

318

Optical character recognition of handwritten Arabic using hidden Markov models  

Science.gov (United States)

The problem of optical character recognition (OCR) of handwritten Arabic has not received a satisfactory solution yet. In this paper, an Arabic OCR algorithm is developed based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) combined with the Viterbi algorithm, which results in an improved and more robust recognition of characters at the sub-word level. Integrating the HMMs represents another step of the overall OCR trends being currently researched in the literature. The proposed approach exploits the structure of characters in the Arabic language in addition to their extracted features to achieve improved recognition rates. Useful statistical information of the Arabic language is initially extracted and then used to estimate the probabilistic parameters of the mathematical HMM. A new custom implementation of the HMM is developed in this study, where the transition matrix is built based on the collected large corpus, and the emission matrix is built based on the results obtained via the extracted character features. The recognition process is triggered using the Viterbi algorithm which employs the most probable sequence of sub-words. The model was implemented to recognize the sub-word unit of Arabic text raising the recognition rate from being linked to the worst recognition rate for any character to the overall structure of the Arabic language. Numerical results show that there is a potentially large recognition improvement by using the proposed algorithms.

Aulama, Mohannad M.; Natsheh, Asem M.; Abandah, Gheith A.; Olama, Mohammed M.

2011-04-01

319

The Contingent Character of Necessity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most frequent criticisms raised against Hegel has to do with the totalizing aspect of his system, which determines what is as absolutely necessary. The Science of Logic, being the conceptual edifice upon which his whole system is built, is the appropriate place to determine the specific meaning of the Hegelian concepts. The following paper offers a detailed analysis on the chapter on Actuality (Wirklichkeit in the Science of Logic, in order to show how the concept of absolute necessity not only includes within it, but also contains as a structural element, the concept of contingency. In this manner a deflationary interpretation is generated in which the absolutely necessary character of actuality should not be understood as grounded on a pre-established end that inexorably determines actuality, but rather as an interpretive movement, in recollection, of its process.

Luis Guzmán

2006-12-01

320

Recognition of isolated handprinted characters  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Handprinted characters are of unequal complexity and a common description of all alphabet symbols seems therefore unobtainable. However, letters which confuse human beings and man-made OCR systems usually have approximately the same appearance and may therefore be modeled jointly. We part the set of bitmaps into types, where each type has its unique feature space. The bitmaps belonging to some types are modeled independently from bitmaps belonging to other types. The feature vector of a bitmap initially constitutes a lossy representation of the contour(s) of the bitmap. The initial feature space is usually too large but can be reduced automatically by the use of a predictive code length or predictive error criterion

Martins, Bo

1996-01-01

321

Oral storytelling and national kinship: Reflections on the oral narrative performance in the Kenya Schools and Colleges Drama Festivals  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The story, in the form of the oral narrative, has always been a communalizing genre in the traditional African setting. It then functioned as a tool that brings together not only the artist and the particular audience, but also the entire community within which the performances are derived and perfo [...] rmed. However, postcolonial, modern and global situations have greatly impacted on the traditional kinship structures in Africa and kinship fostering tools like the African oral narrative have not been spared. The introduction of the oral storytelling onto the proscenium stage in the Kenya Schools and Colleges Drama Festivals (KSCDF) has contributed to perpetuate the performance of this genre to significant degrees. This move has not only recalled attention to oral narratives, but also has revolutionized the performance and functional aspects of oral storytelling. Various aspects of the oral narrative genre have changed, from the multi-ethnic audience to the elaborate narrative structures and the varying orientations of the oral artists in KSCDF. The dramatic elements of the narrative have also been enhanced to justify its inclusion within the wider dramatic genre. This article investigates the structural and thematic reorientations of the contemporary Kenyan oral narrative and how it influences the reorientations of kinship in a postcolonial reality characterized by heterogeneous consumer audience and the need for national commonality. The aim is to understand the reorientations of oral storytelling and its scripted machinations of multi-ethnicity woven into the narrative as part of its contemporarily requisite features; the question is whether or not these reorientations enable the ideological adoption of some form of kinship across the diverse ethnic groups in Kenya

Rose A., Opondo.

2014-01-01

322

Character extraction from documents using wavelet maxima  

Science.gov (United States)

The extraction of character image is an important front-end processing for optical character recognition (OCR) and other applications. This process is extremely important because the OCR applications usually extract salient features and process on them. The existence of noise not only destroys features of characters, but also introduces unwanted features. We propose a new algorithm which removes unwanted background noises from a textual image. Our algorithm is based on the observation that the magnitude of the intensity variation of character boundaries differs form that of noises at various scales of their wavelet transform. Therefore, most of the edges corresponding to the character boundaries at each scale can be extracted using a thresholding method. The internal region of characters is determined by a voting procedure, which uses the arguments of the remaining edges. The interior of recovered characters is solid containing no holes. Characters tend to become fattened, because of the smoothness being applied in the calculation of wavelet transform. To obtain a quality restoration of character image, the precise locations of characters at the original image are then estimated using a Bayesian criterion. Detailed algorithm with careful analysis of the free parameters are also conducted in this paper. The method is simple and effective. We also present some experimental results that suggest its effectiveness.

Hwang, Wen-Liang; Chang, Fu

1996-10-01

323

Character-specific homeostasis dominates fluctuating asymmetries in the medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) indicate random variation in size of bilaterally-produced traits, which occurs during development, and hence measures the degree of developmental instability. Whole-individual homeostasis has been assumed responsible for the negative correlation that has often been found between FA of many sexually selected traits and their size. We show that, theoretically, character-specific homeostasis can provide an equally convincing explanation for this correlation. Furthermore, we tested these two hypotheses for (1) a sexually dimorphic character and (2) sexually monomorphic characters of the male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, by manipulating density during larval development. Our results clearly support character-specific homeostasis. (author)

324

Computer-Mediated Materials for Chinese Character Learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews four sets of computer-mediated materials for Chinese character learning. These include the following: Write Chinese, Chinese Characters Primer, Animated Chinese Characters, and USC Chinese Character Page. (Author/VWL)

Hsu, Hui-Mei; Gao, Liwei

2002-01-01

325

RECOGNITION OF OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN ISOLATED URDU CHARACTER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an approach for recognition of offline handwritten isolated Urdu character based on Invariant Moments. Handwritten Urdu character recognition is lagging behind due to segmentation dilemma and complexity of Urdu letter writing. An attempt is made to apply Moment Invariant technique followed by Primary and secondary component separation. The Urdu letters were grouped into single component and multi-component characters. If letter is multi-component then Secondary component were separated from primary component. SVM is adopted for classification and position of secondary component (Above, Below and middle is considered for recognition. For each of 46 characters 200 image samples were used for training and 600 for testing respectively. In this manner overall 36800 handwritten characters were used to apply the technique. Overall performance rate is found to be 93.59% for all offline handwritten isolated Urdu characters. It is possible to enhance the accuracy of system by combining more structural and statistical features.

Imran Khan Pathan, Abdulbari Ahmed Ali and Ramteke R.J.

2012-03-01

326

Online Handwritten Lao Character Recognition by MRF  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes on-line recognition of handwritten Lao characters by adopting Markov random field (MRF). The character set to recognize includes consonants, vowels and tone marks, 52 characters in total. It extracts feature points along the pen-tip trace from pen-down to pen-up, and then sets each feature point from an input pattern as a site and each state from a character class as a label. It recognizes an input pattern by using a linear-chain MRF model to assign labels to the sites of the input pattern. It employs the coordinates of feature points as unary features and the transitions of the coordinates between the neighboring feature points as binary features. An evaluation on the Lao character pattern database demonstrates the robustness of our proposed method with recognition rate of 92.41% and respectable recognition time of less than a second per character.

Saysourinhong, Latsamy; Zhu, Bilan; Nakagawa, Masaki

327

Unnoticed and unloved: The indigenous storyteller and public theology in a postcolonial age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to present a commentary on my longstanding practice, as an African-American pastoral theologian, of utilising the ethnographic qualitative research approach centring on Black masculinity and violence. My goal was to comment on what I experienced, learned, practiced and published about violence as an African-American man who happens to be a pastor, pastoral counsellor, licensed marriage and family therapist, and teacher of pastoral care and counselling for over 40 years. My method of data collection for my research and writing has been ethnographic listening to the stories of African-Americans within families and small groups, and in churches, workshops and classrooms. There is a major limitation to this approach because ethnographic research is socially and culturally located and confined to the United States of America and to the African community. Yet, my published reflections as a pastoral theologian on violence over the years were presented to stimulate conversation and discussions in the cross-cultural contexts of students, faculty and interested publics within seminaries universities and churches, particularly in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia where I have lectured and taught.Violence in this paper was understood as being adversarial, behavioural, physical, verbal and nonverbal, exploitive and combative reactions to very powerful economic and socio-cultural values which exist globally. These values recruit and reduce all human beings from all social strata into commodity-orientated and commercialised economic definitions of human worth. Human identity and dignity are defined exclusively by the possession of wealth, social status, privileged position, power and prestige. Those who lack such so-called honourable designations and characteristics are deemed worthless, invisible and unlovable. To be poor in this orientation means to be completely worthless and valueless. Therefore, the paper proposed an indigenous narrative storytelling model which could be used to orientate people publicly to the appropriate source of human worth and dignity.

Edward P. Wimberly

2011-06-01

328

Character and Caricature, Virtual and Real  

OpenAIRE

Character, as personality, is formed through biology and culture. But the influence these forces have and the actual processes involved are not really known. Technology, as an important and always changing part of culture, offers us a window on the construc-tion of character especially in that strange new place: cyberspace. The virtual world allows people to play with their character in ways that are very diffi-cult “in real life.” This play reveals a great deal about what is biologically...

Chris Hables Gray

2004-01-01

329

From Sparks to Grundles--Differential Characters  

CERN Document Server

We present a general homological apparatus for the study of differential characters and analogous objects. This encompasses all of the many known formulations of differential character theory and establishes their equivalence. Examples include the original Cheeger-Simons formulation, a deRham-Federer formulation using currents, a Cech-deRham formulation connected with gerbs, and many others. We also show that Differential characters factor to a much smaller, more geometric group, the set of holonomy maps.

Harvey, R; Harvey, Reese; Lawson, Blaine

2003-01-01

330

RECOGNITION OF OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN ISOLATED URDU CHARACTER  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents an approach for recognition of offline handwritten isolated Urdu character based on Invariant Moments. Handwritten Urdu character recognition is lagging behind due to segmentation dilemma and complexity of Urdu letter writing. An attempt is made to apply Moment Invariant technique followed by Primary and secondary component separation. The Urdu letters were grouped into single component and multi-component characters. If letter is multi-component then Secondary component w...

Imran Khan Pathan, Abdulbari Ahmed Ali And Ramteke R. J.

2012-01-01

331

Inner Strength of Female Characters in Loitering with Intent and The Public Image by Muriel Spark  

OpenAIRE

Women characters in Muriel Spark’s novels are diverse, some strong and powerful, some weak and unable to make decisions. And there are characters who develop throughout the novel and learn from their own mistakes. From being passive, they gradually start acting and making their own choices. Loitering with Intent and The Public Image present women characters who go through metamorphosis, from being dependent on others into living their own lives and freeing themselves from former influences....

Rogalin?ska, Monika

2011-01-01

332

An extendible software for learning to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences on smartphones  

OpenAIRE

With the fast economic development in China, learning to understand Chinese becomes very crucial and popular worldwide. To most foreigners and even native Chinese students, one of the major challenges in learning Chinese is to write Chinese characters in correct stroke sequences since the correct stroke sequences of writing any Chinese character is regarded as crucial in the Chinese culture. Intrinsically, there were very few available character recognition techniques that can tackle the comp...

Tam, V.; Huang, C.

2011-01-01

333

OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION BY USING NEURAL NETWORKS ON GRAPHICAL PROCESSING UNIT  

OpenAIRE

The goal of this diploma work is to develop a system for optical character recognition (OCR) by using neural network. Computationally intensive parts of the system are going to be implemented on the graphics processing unit (GPU). We present our OCR system in three main parts: segmentation of document on characters, recognition of individual characters, and parallelization of execution on the GPU. Afterwards, we present an application with integrated our solution. Results of testing pointed o...

Furlan, Miha

2011-01-01

334

Landscape character assessment using region growing techniques in geographical information systems  

OpenAIRE

Landscape character can be defined as the presence, variety and arrangement of landscape features, which give a landscape a specific identity and make it stand out from surrounding landscapes. Landscape character contributes to the esthetical and perceptional value of an area, which is important for the development of non-production functions in the countryside as demanded by society. In this paper we present a new methodology for landscape character assessment using the pattern of landscape ...

Jellema, A.; Stobbelaar, D. J.; Groot, J. C. J.; Rossing, W. A. H.

2009-01-01

335

The Uncanny Valley and Nonverbal Communication in Virtual Characters  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter provides an overview of a current research project investigating the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in realistic, human-like virtual characters. !e research methods used in this work include a retrospective of both empirical studies and philosophical writings on the Uncanny. No other research has explored the notion that realistic, human-like, virtual characters are regarded less favorably due to a perceived diminished degree of responsiveness in facial expression, specifically, nonverbal communication (NVC) in the upper face region. So far, this research project has provided the first empirical evidence to test the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in the domain of animated video game characters with speech, as opposed to just still, unresponsive images, as used in previous studies. Based on the results of these experiments, a conceptual framework of the Uncanny Valley in virtual characters has been authored to allow developers to design either for or against the uncanny for antipathetic or empathetic-type characters. This research is relevant to embodied conversational agents used in a wider context such as therapeutic and e-learning applications and has an outreach to the disciplines of psychology, social psychology, game studies, animation and graphics, and human computer interaction.

Tinwell, Angela; Grimshaw, Mark Nicholas

2014-01-01

336

TOPOGRAPHIC FEATURE EXTRACTION FOR BENGALI AND HINDI CHARACTER IMAGES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Feature selection and extraction plays an important role in different classification based problems such as face recognition, signature verification, optical character recognition (OCR etc. The performance of OCR highly depends on the proper selection and extraction of feature set. In this paper, we present novel features based on the topography of a character as visible from different viewing directions on a 2D plane. By topography of a character we mean the structural features of the strokes and their spatial relations. In this work we develop topographic features of strokes visible with respect to views from different directions (e.g. North, South, East, and West. We consider three types of topographic features: closed region, convexity of strokes, and straight line strokes. These features are represented as a shapebased graph which acts as an invariant feature set for discriminating very similar type characters efficiently. We have tested the proposed method on printed and handwritten Bengali and Hindi character images. Initial results demonstrate the efficacy of our approach.

Soumen Bag

2011-06-01

337

Character segmentation algorithm for off-line handwritten script recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a new character segmentation algorithm for dealing with off-line handwritten script recognition is presented. The X-axis projection, Y-axis projection and geometric classes techniques used by the algorithm proves to be successful in segmenting normal handwriting with a success rate of 93.5%. As a result of this development, detailed understanding of geometric classes of English characters and the difficult cases in segmentation was gained. Although the algorithm works quite well with a randomly chosen sample, results of a detailed analysis may shed new light into the tuning of the algorithm especially for segmenting the identified difficult cases.

Yung, Nelson H. C.; Lai, Andrew H. S.; Chua, Perry Z.

1995-04-01

338

Variability in seed characters of Tinospora cordifolia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tinospora cordifolia, commonly known as Guduchi is a glabrous, deciduous climber which belongs to family Menispermaceae. Fruit is drupe,   ovoid, glossy and red. Investigation was carried out to know the extent of variability in  seed characters of 22 female accessions of T. cordifolia. Based on two years observations it was found wide  variability   of seed shape, seed surface pattern, seed size and condyle size existed among the accessions and these characters were found stable. Hence it is concluded that seed characters can be used for the characterization of accessions in T. cordifolia germplasm and these characters can be used in   DUS descriptors of the species.

Anjali K Sharma

2014-10-01

339

ZBrush Studio Projects Realistic Game Characters  

CERN Document Server

Tips and techniques for bringing reality and creativity to your game characters and art As video games evolve, the bar moves ever higher for realism, one of the most challenging artistic frontiers is creating realistic human characters. In ZBrush Studio Projects: Realistic Game Characters, ZBrush expert Ryan Kingslien zeroes in on specific areas of concern for game creation: human body style, faces, skin texturing, clothing, shoes, weaponry, and putting your character into a game environment. Throughout the book Ryan offers tips and insights that provide readers with the depth and breadth they

Kingslien, Ryan

2011-01-01

340

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese characters  

Science.gov (United States)

We show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. For long Chinese texts (or for mixtures of short Chinese texts), rank-frequency relations for Chinese characters display a two-layer, hierarchic structure that combines a Zipfian power-law regime for frequent characters (first layer) with an exponential-like regime for less frequent characters (second layer). For these two layers we provide different (though related) theoretical descriptions that include the range of low-frequency characters (hapax legomena). We suggest that this hierarchic structure of the rank-frequency relation connects to semantic features of Chinese characters (number of different meanings and homographies). The comparative analysis of rank-frequency relations for Chinese characters versus English words illustrates the extent to which the characters play for Chinese writers the same role as the words for those writing within alphabetical systems.

Deng, Weibing; Allahverdyan, Armen E.; Li, Bo; Wang, Qiuping A.

2014-02-01

341

Character and Caricature, Virtual and Real  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character, as personality, is formed through biology and culture. But the influence these forces have and the actual processes involved are not really known. Technology, as an important and always changing part of culture, offers us a window on the construc-tion of character especially in that strange new place: cyberspace. The virtual world allows people to play with their character in ways that are very diffi-cult “in real life.” This play reveals a great deal about what is biologically immutable and what isn’t after all. In particular gender, race, and embodiment in general are treated quite differently on-line then in the flesh. And character/caricature formation in the MUDS and MOOS and other cyber-places throws light on the processes of character, such as the roles of evocative technologies, the feedback loops of will and non-will (addiction, and the potentiality of fan-tasies actualized. In particular political participation on the internet reveals the limits of what real char-acter can be manifested in a simulated environment. It seems cyborgian character is more plastic in some ways than most observers would have predicted; but character, as integrity, will still determine how far the role of caricature will go in supplanting charac-ter

Chris Hables Gray

2004-12-01

342

Mirror Neurons, the Development of Empathy, and Digital Story Telling  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the intersection of work in media education, religious education, concerns about digital cultures' impact on human relationality, and the possible role that mirror neurons might play in the development of empathy. Digital story telling--particularly as embodied in the work of the Center for Digital Storytelling

Hess, Mary

2012-01-01

343

Personal Character and Tomorrow's Citizens: Student Expectations of Their Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Research evidence from UK primary and secondary schools suggests that students expect teachers to engage in character development and values education and that this assists in their holistic learning. This article is based on a major UK research study which indicates that explicit and implicit attention to values in schools is positively welcomed…

Arthur, James

2011-01-01

344

Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

Xiaoping Yu

2010-09-01

345

Offline Character Recognition using Monte Carlo Method and Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Human Machine interface are constantly gaining improvements because of increasing development ofcomputer tools. Handwritten Character Recognition do have various significant applications like formscanning, verification, validation, or checks reading. Because of the importance of these applicationspassionate research in the field of Off-Line handwritten character recognition is going on. The challenge inrecognising the handwritings lies in the nature ofhumans, having unique styles in terms of font, contours,etc. This paper presents a novice approach to identify the offline characters; we call it as characterdividerapproach which can be used after pre-processing stage. We devise an innovative approach for featureextraction known as vector contour. We also discussthe pros and cons including limitations, of ourapproach.

Hitesh Rajput

2013-06-01

346

Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resources in learning environments for the production by students of multimedia narratives. This paper reports on the results, over a two-year period, of an evaluation of the use of digital narratives in an advanced undergraduate unit on contemporary Australian literature in one Australian university. The evaluation explored students’ and the teacher’s experiences of digital storytelling. In particular, it examined participants’ satisfaction with and anxieties about the use of digital narratives. It also considered the issues that the use of digital narratives raises vis-à-vis the constructive alignment with the themes, aims, and objectives of the unit, as well as the kinds and levels of technical training and assistance required to support students and staff. The results of this evaluation will be of interest to academics considering the use of multimedia technologies in their undergraduate classes.

Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke

2012-07-01

347

Challenging homophobia and heterosexism through storytelling and critical dialogue among Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto.  

Science.gov (United States)

Homophobia and heterosexism are ubiquitous in Canadian society. They contribute to significant health and mental health disparities for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth and their families. Anti-homophobia efforts tend to focus on students and teachers at school. While these efforts are important, they do not reach parents, who play an important role in shaping young people's attitudes towards gender and sexuality. To eliminate bullying and victimisation associated with homophobia at school and in the community, concerted efforts are urgently needed to mobilise parents to become champions against homophobia and heterosexism. In this paper, we report on our use of storytelling and critical dialogue to engage a group of Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto to interrogate their values and assumptions about homosexuality. In particular, we illustrate how we use storytelling to create a liminal space whereby the narrators and listeners collaborate to create counter-discourses that challenge social domination and exclusion. We then discuss the implications of using a critical dialogical approach to integrate anti-homophobia efforts in community parenting programmes. PMID:23140182

Wong, Josephine Pui-Hing; Poon, Maurice Kwong-Lai

2013-01-01

348

Counter-Storytelling with African Proverbs: A Vehicle for Teaching Social Justice and Global Understanding in Urban, U.S. Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the current demographics of urban schools in the United States reflect a rapid growth of culturally and linguistically diverse students, curricula continue to emphasize mainstream culture; cultural and linguistic experiences of these diverse students are ignored. In this article, the author examines how the use of counter storytelling in…

Asimeng-Boahene, Lewis

2010-01-01

349

The Effects of Total Physical Response by Storytelling and the Traditional Teaching Styles of a Foreign Language in a Selected High School  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Total Physical Response by Storytelling and the traditional teaching method on a foreign language in a selected high school. The sample consisted of 30 students who were randomly selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control group. The experimental group was taught using Total…

Kariuki, Patrick N. K.; Bush, Elizabeth Danielle

2008-01-01

350

Impact of Participation in TimeSlips, a Creative Group-Based Storytelling Program, on Medical Student Attitudes toward Persons with Dementia: A Qualitative Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To evaluate whether medical student participation in TimeSlips (TS), a creative group-based storytelling program, with persons affected by dementia would improve student attitudes toward this patient population. Design and Methods: Fifteen fourth-year medical students from Penn State College of Medicine participated in a month-long…

George, Daniel R.; Stuckey, Heather L.; Dillon, Caroline F.; Whitehead, Megan M.

2011-01-01

351

Character and Effective Leadership of the Knowledge Worker  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ulrich in the forward to the Zenger and Folkman (2002) book, ''The Extraordinary Leader'', wrote about the importance of character in leadership stating, ''Everything about great leaders radiates from character. Character improves the probability of exhibiting strong interpersonal skill. Some of this perceived character is innate . . . but more is driven by the leader's self-awareness and interactions with others'' (p. ix). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership effectiveness and character using leader-managers of knowledge workers as the subject sample. Findings indicated that character, particularly those factors associated with honesty, setting the example, and valuing and strengthening others, were what set the most effective leader-managers apart from their peers. Technical competence and self-efficacy were found to be common characteristics of the study sample as was a drive for results. Who a leader-manager is, his/her substance, was found in this study to differentiate the ''best'' leader-managers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By their character, leader-managers establish the environment in which knowledge workers contribute and grow. As found by Pfeiffer (2000), Leaders of companies that experience smaller gaps between what they know and what they do (to turn knowledge into action), understand that their most important task is not necessarily to make strategic decisions, or, for that matter any decisions at all. Their task is to help build systems of practice that produce a more reliable transformation of knowledge into action. Leaders create environments, reinforce norms, and help set expectations through what they do. (p. 261) In other words, as confirmed by this research study, their task is to model the way. Study results also confirmed Ulrich's (1996) supposition that to create the ''air'' in which employees work, leaders have the personal characteristics that engender trust and commitment. In other words, as study results confirmed, the most effective leader-managers establish trusting relationships and strengthen others--they enable others; and, are just, fair, sincere, and recognize contributions--they encourage the heart. Based on study findings, the leadership development model proposed was founded on the premise that character can be developed, particularly if done so through assessment and challenging assignments, with coaching, mentoring, and peer network support. However, development of character requires a shift in our leadership development programs. What causes this shift is a focus on learning by doing through challenging assignments and teaching others rather than learning through event focused assessment and course work. Character cannot be learned in the classroom; it needs to be developed through experience and then learned by feedback, reflection, coaching, and teaching others. Study findings indicated that knowledge workers want to be encouraged, believed in and lead by those they trust to inspire them to accomplish the goals and objectives of the organization. To cause a workforce to generate intellectual capital for the organization, study findings found that the leader-manager's ''character'' does make a difference.

Khoury, A E

2005-04-20

352

Local projection-based character segmentation method for historical Chinese documents  

Science.gov (United States)

Digitization of historical Chinese documents includes two key technologies, character segmentation and character recognition. This paper focuses on developing character segmentation algorithm. As a preprocessing step, we combine several effective measures to remove noises in a historical Chinese document image. After binarization, a new character segmentation algorithm segment single characters based on projections of a cost image in local windows. The cost image is constructed by utilizing the information of stroke bounding boxes and a skeleton image extracted from the binarized image. We evaluate the proposed algorithm based on matching degrees of character bounding boxes between segmentation results and ground-truth data, and achieve a recall rate of 74.3% on a test set, which shows the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Yang, Linjie; Peng, Liangrui

2013-01-01

353

Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM. The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1 image acquisition module, 2 image preprocessing module, 3 feature extraction module, 4 character recognition module, and 5 display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unknown input character from a user. Second, the input image is transformed into a suitable image for the feature extraction module. Third, the system extracts character features from the image. There are 3 main features of Tamil characters which are stroke, loop and location of loop and stroke connection. Fourth, the extracted character information is kept in the form of bits string chromosome in a genetic algorithm. Finally, the system displays the best fitness chromosome for the recognition result.

E. K. Vellingiriraj

2013-05-01

354

MUFI character recommendation v. 1.0  

OpenAIRE

This is version 1.0 of a recommendation for the selection of Medieval characters from the Unicode Standard and for characters to be allocated to the Private Use Area. This recommendation coordinates the usage of the PUA with several other fonts and font projects, notably the Titus project and Junicode.

Haugen, Odd Einar

2003-01-01

355

Creating a Character as a Writing Exercise.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests an approach to teaching German as a second language in which students jointly create a character and her family and then write a series of stories during he year about the character in various everyday situations. Benefits include use of basic language, cultural issues, and stimulation of student creativity and interest. (Author/VWL)

Latta, Alan D.

2001-01-01

356

Cursive Character Recognition by Learning Vector Quantization  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a cursive character recognizer embedded in an off-line cursive script recognition system. The recognizer is composed of two modules: the first one is a feature extractor, the second one an LVQ. The selected feature set was compared to Zernike polynomials using the same classifier. Experiments are reported on a database of about 49000 isolated characters.

Camastra, Francesco; Vinciarelli, Alessandro

2000-01-01

357

Factors Influencing the Learning of Chinese Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey study, which involved 108 language learners enrolled in first-year Chinese as a foreign language classrooms in the United States, intended to address the research questions, "What types of Chinese-character learning strategies do US learners use?" and "Do US learners' Chinese-character learning strategy use differ based on the…

Sung, Ko-Yin; Wu, Hsiao-Ping

2011-01-01

358

Recognition of Handwritten Character of Manipuri Script  

OpenAIRE

In this paper a backpropagation neural network based handwritten characters (Mapum Mayek ) recognition system of Manipuri Script is investigated. This paper presents various steps involved in the recognition process. It begins with thresholding of gray level image into binarised image, then from the binarised image the character pattern is segmented using connec...

Tangkeshwar Thokchom; Bansal, P. K.; Renu Vig; Seema Bawa

2010-01-01

359

Improving Social Competence through Character Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education is supposed to meet early adolescents' need (i.e., eighth and ninth graders) for strengthening social competence. Moreover, adolescents' engagement in character education is integral to their learning from the education. The engagement and deficit in social competence are therefore plausible conditions for the effectiveness of…

Cheung, Chau-kiu; Lee, Tak-yan

2010-01-01

360

Online handwritten Chinese character recognition system  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a novel on-line handwritten Chinese character recognition (OLHCCR) system is proposed. Several methods and efficient techniques, which have been successfully implemented in an off-line multi-font Chinese character recognition system, have been adopted in the proposed OLHCCR system. In this proposed OLHCCR system, an improved structural representation of handwritten Chinese character (HCC) has been introduced for pre-classification. In pre-classification stage, an index search scheme is used to quick screen out the candidates. An iterative scheme is used in detailed matching. The character to be recognized can be stroke-order and stroke- number free, tolerance for 2 to 3 unimportant missing or added strokes, size flexible, but within the constraint of normal handwriting. A prototype of OLHCCR system is implemented in Visual C++ 6.0 on Window98. The recognition results are based upon 3755 frequently used Chinese characters. Good experimental results show that the proposed approach is very promising.

Fan, Fang; Lin, Zhen Yong

1999-12-01

361

The Psychobiological Theory of Temperament and Character: Comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008)  

Science.gov (United States)

The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and then the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). The author describes the third stage of the psychobiological theory of temperament and…

Cloninger, C. Robert

2008-01-01

362

Selling Students on the Character of Liberal Arts: A Benefit of Worldview Awareness in Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

Emile Durkheim, the sociologist and education professor, said that the personality developed by a form of literary study was contrary to genuinely Christian character. Provoked by this insight, the author explores whether a Christian university's reliance on classical liberal arts education might be working against its desires for the character of…

Newell, Ted

2012-01-01

363

Low-Budget, Cost-Effective OCR: Optical Character Recognition for MS-DOS Micros.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses optical character recognition (OCR) for use with MS-DOS microcomputers. Cost effectiveness is considered, three types of software approaches to character recognition are explained, hardware and operation requirements are described, possible library applications are discussed, future OCR developments are suggested, and a list of OCR…

Perez, Ernest

1990-01-01

364

Contadores de histórias: práticas discursivas e violência de gênero Storytelling: discursive practices and gender violence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo analisa uma oficina de contadores de histórias, uma intervenção fundamentada nos referenciais das narrativas orais, que ocorreu em uma organização não governamental sediada no Município de São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A oficina foi construída em três momentos, compreendendo: a narração de uma história com o foco em violência de gênero, a discussão da narrativa e a realização de pinturas corporais. O referencial usado foi o das práticas discursivas e, nas falas dos oficineiros, foram identificados pelo menos dois repertórios interpretativos: um deles pautado na categoria gênero e o outro, ancorado na cotidianidade e na rememoração das histórias de vida dos participantes. Além dos repertórios, ressaltamos a variabilidade manifesta nas contradições e nas incongruências que permearam os diálogos presentes nas argumentações. As narrativas, enquanto ferramentas para trabalhar com mulheres em situação de violência, têm sido pouco exploradas, sobretudo como possibilidade de intervenção em saúde coletiva. Nesta pesquisa, as histórias foram analisadas como possíveis estratégias para enfrentar as desigualdades de gênero, mostrando-se uma ferramenta analítica poderosa para avaliar ações de saúde coletiva.This paper analyzes a storytelling workshop, an intervention based on the referential elements of oral narratives, held at an NGO in São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The workshop was divided into three different stages: narration of a story with a focus on gender violence, a discussion based on the narrative, and an activity with body painting. The theoretical framework was based on discursive practices, and when workshop participants' discourse was assessed, at least two interpretive repertories were identified: one based on the gender category and the other on everyday life and recollections from participants' life stories. There was also considerable variety in the arguments, manifested in the contradictions and incongruence permeating the discourse. Narratives used as tools to work with abused women (especially for public health interventions have received little attention thus far. In the current study, stories were analyzed as possible strategies to deal with gender inequalities, a powerful analytical tool for evaluating public health actions.

Stela Nazareth Meneghel

2007-08-01

365

Tectonic Storytelling with Open Source and Digital Object Identifiers - a case study about Plate Tectonics and the Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald  

Science.gov (United States)

The communication of advances in research to the common public for both education and decision making is an important aspect of scientific work. An even more crucial task is to gain recognition within the scientific community, which is judged by impact factor and citation counts. Recently, the latter concepts have been extended from textual publications to include data and software publications. This paper presents a case study for science communication and data citation. For this, tectonic models, Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), best practices for data citation and a multimedia online-portal for scientific content are combined. This approach creates mutual benefits for the stakeholders: Target audiences receive information on the latest research results, while the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) increases the recognition and citation of underlying scientific data. This creates favourable conditions for every researcher as DOI names ensure citeability and long term availability of scientific research. In the developed application, the FOSS tool for tectonic modelling GPlates is used to visualise and manipulate plate-tectonic reconstructions and associated data through geological time. These capabilities are augmented by the Science on a Halfsphere project (SoaH) with a robust and intuitive visualisation hardware environment. The tectonic models used for science communication are provided by the AGH University of Science and Technology. They focus on the Silurian to Early Carboniferous evolution of Central Europe (Bohemian Massif) and were interpreted for the area of the Geopark Bergstraße Odenwald based on the GPlates/SoaH hardware- and software stack. As scientific story-telling is volatile by nature, recordings are a natural means of preservation for further use, reference and analysis. For this, the upcoming portal for audiovisual media of the German National Library of Science and Technology TIB is expected to become a critical service infrastructure. It allows complex search queries, including metadata such as DOI and media fragment identifiers (MFI), thereby linking data citation and science communication.

Löwe, Peter; Barmuta, Jan; Klump, Jens; Neumann, Janna; Plank, Margret

2014-05-01

366

Character Recognition using RCS with Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS, Fuzzy Neural Network and Radial Basis Network. Where the characters are classified using supervised learning algorithm. These classes are mapped onto Unicode for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using Unicode fonts. This character recognition finds applications in document analysis where the handwritten document can be converted to editable printed document. This approach can be extended to recognition and reproduction of hand written documents in South Indian languages. In the training set, a recognition rate of 100% was achieved and in the test set the recognized speed for each character is 0.1sec and accuracy is 97%. Understandably, the training set produced much higher recognition rate than the test set. Structure analysis suggested that the proposed system of RCS with back propagation network is given higher recognition rate.

C. Sureshkumar

2010-09-01

367

Survey and Classification of Character Recognition System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Variation in handwriting among different writers occurs since each writer possesses own speed of writing, different styles, sizes or positions for characters or text. Variation in handwriting styles also exists within individual person’s handwriting. This variation may take place due to: writing in various situations that may or may not be comfortable to writer; different moods of writer; style of writing same characters with different shapes in different situations or as a part of different words; using different kinds of hardware for handwriting. This paper provides a survey, and classification of various character recognition techniques.

Priya Sharma#1 , Randhir Singh

2013-03-01

368

Submatrices of character tables and basic sets  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this investigation of character tables of nite groups we study basic sets and associated representation theoretic data for complementary sets of conjugacy lasses. For the symmetric groups we nd unexpected properties of characters on restricted sets of conjugacy classes, like beautiful combinatorial determinant formulae for submatrices of the character table and Cartan matrices with respect to basic sets; we observe that similar phenomena occur for the transition matrices between power sum symmetric functions to bounded partitions and the k-Schur functions dened by Lapointe and Morse. Arithmetic properties of the numbers occurring in this context are studied via generating functions

Bessenrodt, Christine; Olsson, JØrn BØrling

2012-01-01

369

Segmentation of Touching Hand written Telugu Characters by using Drop Fall Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recognition of Indian language scripts is a challenging problem. Work for the development of complete OCR systems for Indian language scripts is still in infancy. Complete OCR systems have recently been developed for Devanagri and Bangla scripts. Research in the field of recognition of Telugu script faces major problems mainly related to the touching and overlapping of characters. Segmentation of touching Telugu characters is a difficult task for recognizing individual characters.  In this paper, the proposed algorithm is for the segmentation of   touching Hand written Telugu characters. The proposed method using Drop-fall algorithm is based on the moving of a marble on either side of the touching characters for selection of the point from where the cutting of the fused components should take place. This method improvers the segmentation accuracy higher than the existing one.

V B Sandeep

2012-10-01

370

Segmentation of Touching Hand written Telugu Characters by using Drop Fall Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recognition of Indian language scripts is a challenging problem. Work for the development of complete OCR systems for Indian language scripts is still in infancy. Complete OCR systems have recently been developed for Devanagri and Bangla scripts. Research in the field of recognition of Telugu script faces major problems mainly related to the touching and overlapping of characters. Segmentation of touching Telugu characters is a difficult task for recognizing individual characters.  In this paper, the proposed algorithm is for the segmentation of   touching Hand written Telugu characters. The proposed method using Drop-fall algorithm is based on the moving of a marble on either side of the touching characters for selection of the point from where the cutting of the fused components should take place. This method improvers the segmentation accuracy higher than the existing one.

Adabala Venkata Srinivasa Rao

2012-11-01

371

A thermogenic secondary sexual character in male sea lamprey  

Science.gov (United States)

Secondary sexual characters in animals are exaggerated ornaments or weapons for intrasexual competition. Unexpectedly, we found that a male secondary sexual character in sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus ) is a thermogenic adipose tissue that instantly increases its heat production during sexual encounters. This secondary sexual character, developed in front of the anterior dorsal fin of mature males, is a swollen dorsal ridge known as the ‘rope’ tissue. It contains nerve bundles, multivacuolar adipocytes and interstitial cells packed with small lipid droplets and mitochondria with dense and highly organized cristae. The fatty acid composition of the rope tissue is rich in unsaturated fatty acids. The cytochrome c oxidase activity is high but the ATP concentration is very low in the mitochondria of the rope tissue compared with those of the gill and muscle tissues. The rope tissue temperature immediately rose up to 0.3°C when the male encountered a conspecific. Mature males generated more heat in the rope and muscle tissues when presented with a mature female than when presented with a male (paired t-test, P-3 more heat than the muscle in 10 min. Transcriptome analyses revealed that genes involved in fat cell differentiation are upregulated whereas those involved in oxidative-phosphorylation-coupled ATP synthesis are downregulated in the rope tissue compared with the gill and muscle tissues. Sexually mature male sea lamprey possess the only known thermogenic secondary sexual character that shows differential heat generation toward individual conspecifics.

Chung-Davidson, Yu-Wen; Priess, M. Cody; Yeh, Chu-Yin; Brant, Cory O.; Johnson, Nicholas S.; Li, Ke; Nanlohy, Kaben G.; Bryan, Mara B.; Brown, C. Titus; Choi, Jongeun; Li, Weiming

2013-01-01

372

Analysis of stroke structures of handwritten Chinese characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Most handwritten Chinese character recognition systems suffer from the variations in geometrical features for different writing styles. The stroke structures of different styles have proved to be more consistent than geometrical features. In an on-line recognition system, the stroke structure can be obtained according to the sequences of writing via a pen-based input device such as a tablet. But in an off-line recognition system, the input characters are scanned optically and saved as raster images, so the stroke structure information is not available. In this paper, we propose a method to extract strokes from an off-line handwritten Chinese character. We have developed four new techniques: 1) a new thinning algorithm based on Euclidean distance transformation and gradient oriented tracing, 2) a new line approximation method based on curvature segmentation, 3) artifact removal strategies based on geometrical analysis, and 4) stroke segmentation rules based on splitting, merging and directional analysis. Using these techniques, we can extract and trace the strokes in an off-line handwritten Chinese character accurately and efficiently. PMID:18252279

Chang, H H; Yan, H

1999-01-01

373

Kannada Character Recognition System A Review  

CERN Document Server

Intensive research has been done on optical character recognition ocr and a large number of articles have been published on this topic during the last few decades. Many commercial OCR systems are now available in the market, but most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters. There are no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 12 major scripts in India. This paper presents a review of existing work on printed Kannada script and their results. The characteristics of Kannada script and Kannada Character Recognition System kcr are discussed in detail. Finally fusion at the classifier level is proposed to increase the recognition accuracy.

Indira, K

2010-01-01

374

Dimension and character formulas for Lie supergroups  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A character formula is derived for Lie supergroups. The basic technique is that of symmetrization and antisymmetrization associated with Young tableaux generalized to supergroups. We rewrite the characters of the ordinary Lie groups U(N), O(N), and Sp(2N) in terms of traces in the fundamental representation. It is then shown that by simply replacing traces with supertraces the characters of certain representations for U(N/M) and OSP(N/2M) are obtained. Dimension formulas are derived by calculating the characters of a special diagonal supergroup element with (+1) and (-1) eigenvalues. Formulas for the eigenvalues of the quadratic Casimir operators are given. As applications, the decomposition of a representation into representations of subgroups is discussed. Examples are given for the Lie supergroup SU(6/4) which has physical applications as a dynamical supersymmetry in nuclei

375

Handwritten character recognition using Hopfield neural network  

Science.gov (United States)

The project investigates the character (digit) recognizing ability of the discrete Hopfield neural network model used as a pattern classifier. Through different experiments, we are looking for quantitative factors that influence the recognizing ability of the neural network.

Olson, C.; Li, Robert Y.

1993-09-01

376

Recognition of Handwritten Character of Manipuri Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper a backpropagation neural network based handwritten characters (Mapum Mayek recognition system of Manipuri Script is investigated. This paper presents various steps involved in the recognition process. It begins with thresholding of gray level image into binarised image, then from the binarised image the character pattern is segmented using connected component analysis and from the resized character matrix, its probabilistic features and fuzzy features are extracted. Using these features the network is trained and recognition tests are performed. Experiments indicate that the proposed recognition system performs well with the combined features and is robust to the writing variations that exist between persons and for a single person at different instances, thus being promising for user independent character recognition.

Tangkeshwar Thokchom

2010-10-01

377

'All stories bring hope because stories bring awareness': students' perceptions of digital storytelling for social justice education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Although becoming a more racially-integrated society, the legacy of Apartheid still affects learners' social engagements in and outside their classrooms. Adopting Nussbaum's (2010) capabilities framework for a socially just democracy, this paper examines 27 pre-service teacher education students' pe [...] rceptions of a digital storytelling project and its potential for recognising and honouring capabilities necessary for engaging empathetically with the 'other'. Using narrative inquiry, and specifically Bamberg's (2006) 'small stories' approach, the research team analysed 30 stories students constructed in four focus group conversations at the end of the project. In these stories, most of Nussbaum's (2010) capabilities were evident. We found that, in the collective sharing of their stories, students positioned themselves as agentive selves, displaying the belief that they can make a difference, not only individually within their own classrooms, but also as a collective of teachers.

Daniela, Gachago; Janet, Condy; Eunice, Ivala; Agnes, Chigona.

2014-11-01

378

Visual Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Networks  

OpenAIRE

The recognition of optical characters is known to be one of the earliest applications of Artificial Neural Networks, which partially emulate human thinking in the domain of artificial intelligence. In this paper, a simplified neural approach to recognition of optical or visual characters is portrayed and discussed. The document is expected to serve as a resource for learners and amateur investigators in pattern recognition, neural networking and related disciplines.

Araokar, Shashank

2005-01-01

379

Survey and Classification of Character Recognition System  

OpenAIRE

Variation in handwriting among different writers occurs since each writer possesses own speed of writing, different styles, sizes or positions for characters or text. Variation in handwriting styles also exists within individual person’s handwriting. This variation may take place due to: writing in various situations that may or may not be comfortable to writer; different moods of writer; style of writing same characters with different shapes in different situations or as a part of differen...

Priya Sharma, Randhir Singh

2013-01-01

380

Managing emergent character-based narrative  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, we consider the role of narrative management in a character-based emergent narrative framework. The paper defines the problem and considers related work. It evaluates the role of the Game Master in non computer-based role-playing games and presents two initial implementations of a story facilitator within a character-based system using the FAtiMA agent architecture. Finally it considers what further work is required.

Aylett, Ruth; Louchart, Sandy

2008-01-01

381

Geographical Variation in a Quantitative Character  

OpenAIRE

A model for the evolution of the local averages of a quantitative character under migration, selection, and random genetic drift in a subdivided population is formulated and investigated. Generations are discrete and nonoverlapping; the monoecious, diploid population mates at random in each deme. All three evolutionary forces are weak, but the migration pattern and the local population numbers are otherwise arbitrary. The character is determined by purely additive gene action and a stochastic...

Nagylaki, T.

1994-01-01

382

CONFUCIANISM AND CHARACTER EDUCATION: A CHINESE VIEW  

OpenAIRE

The principles of Confucianism are founded on humaneness, righteousness, propriety, knowledge, integrity and filial piety. These principles have found their way to the Chinese culture since the days of Confucius. The study reviews the concept of Confucianism and its influence in Chinese context. Also, the relationship between Confucianism and character education is discussed. Character education is based on the transmission of values and within Chinese society and most of these values have be...

Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu; Kai-Ping Huang

2013-01-01

383

ECONOMIC ETHICS: APPLIED AND PROFESSIONAL CHARACTER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In given article economic ethics are considered as set of norms of behavior of the businessman, the requirements shown by a cultural society to its style of work, to character of dialogue between participants of business, to their social shape. The conclusion becomes that economic ethics have applied character in relation to theoretical, to obschenormativnoy ethics, hence, represent section of applied ethics. On the other hand, the specific standard maintenance characterizes economic ethics as ethics professional.

Ella Gordova

2012-01-01

384

Optical Character Recognition Techniques: A survey  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a literature review on EnglishOCR techniques. English OCR system is compulsory to convertnumerous published books of English into editable computertext files. Latest research in this area has been able to grownsome new methodologies to overcome the complexity of Englishwriting style. Still these algorithms have not been tested forcomplete characters of English Alphabet. Hence, a system isrequired which can handle all classes of English text andidentify characters among the...

Sukhpreet Singh

2013-01-01

385

A novel approach to handwritten character recognition  

OpenAIRE

A number of new techniques and approaches for off-line handwritten character recognition are presented which individually make significant advancements in the field. First. an outline-based vectorization algorithm is described which gives improved accuracy in producing vector representations of the pen strokes used to draw characters. Later. Vectorization and other types of preprocessing are criticized and an approach to recognition is suggested which avoids separate preprocessing stages b...

Clarke, Eddie

1995-01-01

386

The Relative Chern Character and Regulators  

CERN Document Server

In this thesis we construct a modified version of Karoubi's relative Chern character for smooth varieties over the complex numbers or the ring of integers in a p-adic number field. Comparison results with the Deligne-Beilinson Chern character and the p-adic Borel regulator constructed by Huber and Kings are proven. As a corollary we obtain a new proof of Burgos' theorem that Borel's regulator is twice Beilinson's regulator.

Tamme, Georg

2010-01-01

387

Recognition of Telugu characters using neural networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present work is to recognize printed and handwritten Telugu characters using artificial neural networks (ANNs). Earlier work on recognition of Telugu characters has been done using conventional pattern recognition techniques. We make an initial attempt here of using neural networks for recognition with the aim of improving upon earlier methods which do not perform effectively in the presence of noise and distortion in the characters. The Hopfield model of neural network working as an associative memory is chosen for recognition purposes initially. Due to limitation in the capacity of the Hopfield neural network, we propose a new scheme named here as the Multiple Neural Network Associative Memory (MNNAM). The limitation in storage capacity has been overcome by combining multiple neural networks which work in parallel. It is also demonstrated that the Hopfield network is suitable for recognizing noisy printed characters as well as handwritten characters written by different "hands" in a variety of styles. Detailed experiments have been carried out using several learning strategies and results are reported. It is shown here that satisfactory recognition is possible using the proposed strategy. A detailed preprocessing scheme of the Telugu characters from digitized documents is also described. PMID:8589867

Sukhaswami, M B; Seetharamulu, P; Pujari, A K

1995-09-01

388

Happy cows and unhappy consumers : Cognitive and affective effects of storytelling related to the production process of food products  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Food products are increasingly positioned by parameters that are related to the production process. In addition to labeling products as organic or local, many products are marketed by telling stories about the origins and production process – where the product comes from, facts about the terroir, raising of animals, details about feed or growing process, origins of ingredients used, roots in traditional and artisanal food production, ethical claims about animal welfare and fair trade. Such parameters have mostly been discussed as extensions of the classical aspects of perceived food quality (taste, health, convenience), and their effects on purchase intentions and purchases have often been analyzed by measuring the inferences consumers make from such information with regard to perceived product quality. However, recent research suggests that this cognitive mediation of the effects of storytelling in the food area may be only half of the story. In addition, such information on food products may also also elicit spontaneous (positive) affect in the consumer mind, leading to a positive impact on purchase intentions that is not cognitively mediated. To the extent that such intentions actually lead to purchases, it raises the question how consumer experience with the product lives up to expectations that consist of both cognitive and affective components. This presentation will a) demonstrate the parallel existence of cognitively mediated and spontaneous affective effects of storytelling on purchase intentions, b) discuss new ways of measuring both cognitive and affective components, and c) discus the theoretical implications in terms of theories of consumer quality perception, consumer satisfaction and the Food Kansei approach.

Grunert, Klaus G

389

Understanding Islamic Ethics and Its Significance on the Character Building  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most critical challenge facing Muslim today is the lack of the spiritual ethical dimension of life, and one of the most powerful means to overcome this problem is the adherence to the code of ethics. This paper attempts at clarifying the concept of Islamic ethics as a basic pillar for a healthy society. It explains about the need of ethics for the development of individual and society, and its significance on the character building. The author tries to present ethics as the counter part of other sciences, such as, law, politics, science, economics, and others for such sciences become soulless or insignificant if detached from ethics. The paper concludes that Muslim character should develop along with Islamic ethics and its application into daily affairs of Muslims’ lives should be given its due attention.

Adibah Binti Abdul Rahim

2013-11-01

390

Character decomposition of Potts model partition functions, II: Toroidal geometry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We extend our combinatorial approach of decomposing the partition function of the Potts model on finite two-dimensional lattices of size LxN to the case of toroidal boundary conditions. The elementary quantities in this decomposition are characters Kl,D labeled by a number of bridges l=0,1,...,L and an irreducible representation D of the symmetric group Sl. We develop an operational method of determining the amplitudes of the eigenvalues as well as some of their degeneracies

391

Effect of laser irradiation on the productive characters of hemp  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Laboratory and field investigations were made of assessing the effect produced by laser irradiation on hump productive characters. Four variants of laser treatment were tested - hellium-neon laser with 632,8 nm for 15 and 30 min, and nitrogen laser with 225 and 450 impulses. Laser treatment improved the sowing qualities of the seeds, the plants were more vigorous and the phases of development were shorter. Both seed and stem yields increased considerably

392

Selling and Implementing Leadership Development: Chapter, Verse, and Lessons Learned from Carlson's Story  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a case study template for creating and "selling" an enterprise-wide leadership development initiative in a highly decentralized organization. Using a story-telling approach, the authors delineate the five separate but highly interdependent stages used to achieve this. Sandwiched between a prologue and epilogue are five…

Clevette, Rick D.; Cohen, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

393

Once Upon a Time: How Jewish Children's Stories Impact Moral Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Research studies demonstrate the efficacy of the story-sharing experience on children's moral development. This article explores how the triadic relationship between a Jewish children's story, the child, and the parent storyteller can impact the youngster's moral growth. Using examples from two leading projects in Jewish…

Deitcher, Howard

2013-01-01

394

Ideographic characters call for extra processing to correspond with phonemes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cortical areas used in the copying of Japanese ideographic characters and syllabic characters were studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging in healthy volunteers. Complexity of characters was controlled to illustrate differences resulting from character to sound conversion differences between the ideographic and syllabic characters. Statistical comparisons indicated extensive activation in the fusiform gyrus, posterior portions around the intraparietal sulcus and in the conjunction area of BA 6, 9 and 44 (which is assumed to be Exner's area) during the copying of ideographic characters. These findings suggested that indirectness between ideographic characters and their pronunciation demands extra processing such as semantic mediation and intensive grapheme processing in comparison with syllabic characters. PMID:11447339

Matsuo, K; Kato, C; Ozawa, F; Takehara, Y; Isoda, H; Isogai, S; Moriya, T; Sakahara, H; Okada, T; Nakai, T

2001-07-20

395

Post processing for offline Chinese handwritten character string recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

Offline Chinese handwritten character string recognition is one of the most important research fields in pattern recognition. Due to the free writing style, large variability in character shapes and different geometric characteristics, Chinese handwritten character string recognition is a challenging problem to deal with. However, among the current methods over-segmentation and merging method which integrates geometric information, character recognition information and contextual information, shows a promising result. It is found experimentally that a large part of errors are segmentation error and mainly occur around non-Chinese characters. In a Chinese character string, there are not only wide characters namely Chinese characters, but also narrow characters like digits and letters of the alphabet. The segmentation error is mainly caused by uniform geometric model imposed on all segmented candidate characters. To solve this problem, post processing is employed to improve recognition accuracy of narrow characters. On one hand, multi-geometric models are established for wide characters and narrow characters respectively. Under multi-geometric models narrow characters are not prone to be merged. On the other hand, top rank recognition results of candidate paths are integrated to boost final recognition of narrow characters. The post processing method is investigated on two datasets, in total 1405 handwritten address strings. The wide character recognition accuracy has been improved lightly and narrow character recognition accuracy has been increased up by 10.41% and 10.03% respectively. It indicates that the post processing method is effective to improve recognition accuracy of narrow characters.

Wang, YanWei; Ding, XiaoQing; Liu, ChangSong

2012-01-01

396

Relative Chern characters for nilpotent ideals  

CERN Document Server

If I is a nilpotent ideal in a $\\mathbb{Q}$-algebra $A$, Goodwillie defined two isomorphisms from $K_*(A,I)$ to negative cyclic homology, $HN_*(A,I)$. One is the relative version of the absolute Chern character, and the other is defined using rational homotopy theory. The question of whether they agree was implicit in Goodwillie's 1986 Annals paper. In this paper, we show that the two isomorphisms agree. Here are three applications. 1.Cathelineau proved that the rational homotopy character is compatible with the $\\lambda$-filtration. It follows that the relative Chern character is also compatible with this filtration for nilpotent ideals. 2.This agreement, together with Cathelineau's result, was used by the authors and Haesemeyer to show that the absolute Chern character, from $K(A)$ to $HN(A)$, is compatible with the $\\lambda$-filtration for every commutative $\\mathbb{Q}$-algebra. This is the main result of Infinitesimal cohomology and the Chern character to negative cyclic homology, arXiv:math/0703133v1. 3....

Cortiñas, Guillermo

2008-01-01

397

CONFUCIANISM AND CHARACTER EDUCATION: A CHINESE VIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The principles of Confucianism are founded on humaneness, righteousness, propriety, knowledge, integrity and filial piety. These principles have found their way to the Chinese culture since the days of Confucius. The study reviews the concept of Confucianism and its influence in Chinese context. Also, the relationship between Confucianism and character education is discussed. Character education is based on the transmission of values and within Chinese society and most of these values have been founded on the teachings of Confucius. Filial piety has strongly been conditioned within the principles of Confucianism and the respect of oneâ??s elders. Character education has been promoted by teachers and elders who focus on the transmission of values from one generation to the next. Character education is supported by the theories and teachings set out by Confucius, mostly in relation to humaneness and integrity, as well as collectivism. The individualistic trends are discarded within character education, as the welfare of the society and the collective is prioritized.

Mei-Ju Chou

2013-01-01

398

Segmentation of Touching Hand written Telugu Characters by using Drop Fall Algorithm  

OpenAIRE

Recognition of Indian language scripts is a challenging problem. Work for the development of complete OCR systems for Indian language scripts is still in infancy. Complete OCR systems have recently been developed for Devanagri and Bangla scripts. Research in the field of recognition of Telugu script faces major problems mainly related to the touching and overlapping of characters. Segmentation of touching Telugu characters is a difficult task for recognizing individu...

Sandeep, V. B.; Dhanam Jaya, S.; Sandeep, D. R.; Adabala Venkata Srinivasa Rao

2012-01-01

399

APLIKASI SPOKES-CHARACTERS DALAM KAITAN DENGAN MEREK PRODUK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Advertisement by using spokes-characters have potency to alter the choice of consumer brand with the compared to bigger impact which do not use the spokes-character. A lot of producer which hence spokes-character to increase assess to sell from a product. Spokes-Characters experience of the evolution from time to time keep abreast of the era%2C now emerge the new type of spokes-character and its application. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Iklan dengan spokes-characters berpotensi mengubah pilihan merek konsumen dengan dampak lebih besar dibanding yang tidak menggunakan spokes-character. Banyak produsen yang memakai spokes-character untuk meningkatkan nilai jual dari sebuah produk. Spokes-characters mengalami evolusi dari masa ke masa mengikuti perkembangan jaman%2C sekarang muncul jenis baru spokes-character dan aplikasinya. spokes-characters%2C advertising%2C branding.

Caroline Widjoyo

2004-01-01

400

Parameterization of irreducible characters for p-solvable groups  

CERN Document Server

The weights for a finite group G with respect to a prime number p where introduced by Jon Alperin, in order to formulate his celebrated conjecture. In 1992, Everett Dade formulates a refinement of Alperin's conjecture involving ordinary irreducible characters - with their defect - and, in 2000, Geoffrey Robinson proves that the new conjecture holds for p-solvable groups. But this refinement is formulated in terms of a vanishing alternating sum, without giving any possible refinement for the weights. In this note we show that, in the case of the p-solvable finite groups, the method developed in a previous paper [arXiv.org/abs/1005.3748] can be suitably refined to provide, up to the choice of a polarization, a natural bijection - namely compatible with the action of the group of outer automorphisms of G - between the sets of absolutely irreducible characters of G and of G-conjugacy classes of suitable inductive weights, preserving blocks and defects.

Puig, Lluis

2010-01-01

401

Online Handwritten Character Recognition of Devanagari and Telugu Characters using Support Vector Machines  

OpenAIRE

A system for recognition of online handwritten characters has been presented for Indian writing systems. A handwritten character is represented as a sequence of strokes whose features are extracted and classied. Support vector machines have been used for constructing the stroke recognition engine. The results have been presented after testing the system on Devanagari and Telugu scripts.

Swethalakshmi, H.; Jayaraman, Anitha; Chakravarthy, V. Srinivasa; Sekhar, C. Chandra

2006-01-01

402

Markov random field-based statistical character structure modeling for handwritten Chinese character recognition.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper proposes a statistical-structural character modeling method based on Markov random fields (MRFs) for handwritten Chinese character recognition (HCCR). The stroke relationships of a Chinese character reflect its structure, which can be statistically represented by the neighborhood system and clique potentials within the MRF framework. Based on the prior knowledge of character structures, we design the neighborhood system that accounts for the most important stroke relationships. We penalize the structurally mismatched stroke relationships with MRFs using the prior clique potentials, and derive the likelihood clique potentials from Gaussian mixture models, which encode the large variations of stroke relationships statistically. In the proposed HCCR system, we use the single-site likelihood clique potentials to extract many candidate strokes from character images, and use the pairsite clique potentials to determine the best structural match between the input candidate strokes and the MRF-based character models by relaxation labeling. The experiments on the KAIST character database demonstrate that MRFs can statistically model character structures, and work well in the HCCR system. PMID:18369248

Zeng, Jia; Liu, Zhi-Qiang

2008-05-01

403

Trivalent graphs, volume conjectures and character varieties  

CERN Document Server

The generalized volume conjecture and the AJ conjecture (a.k.a. the quantum volume conjecture) are extended to $U_q(sl_2)$ colored quantum invariants of trivalent graphs. The SL(2,C) character variety of the fundamental group of the complement of a trivalent graph with $E$ edges in $S^3$ is a Lagrangian subvariety of the Hitchin moduli space over the Riemann surface of genus $g=E/3+1$. The configuration of the character variety is locally determined by large color asymptotics of the quantum invariants of the trivalent graph in terms of complex Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Moreover, the q-holonomic difference equation of the quantum invariants provides the quantization of the character variety. In particular, we investigate both the conjectures for the theta and tetrahedron graphs.

Nawata, Satoshi; Zodinmawia,

2014-01-01

404

Hopf algebras and characters of classical groups  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Schur functions provide an integral basis of the ring of symmetric functions. It is shown that this ring has a natural Hopf algebra structure by identifying the appropriate product, coproduct, unit, counit and antipode, and their properties. Characters of covariant tensor irreducible representations of the classical groups GL(n), O(n) and Sp(n) are then expressed in terms of Schur functions, and the Hopf algebra is exploited in the determination of group-subgroup branching rules and the decomposition of tensor products. The analysis is carried out in terms of n-independent, universal characters. The corresponding rings, CharGL, CharO and CharSp, of universal characters each have their own natural Hopf algebra structure. The appropriate product, coproduct, unit, counit and antipode are identified in each case

405

Automated optical recognition of degraded handwritten characters  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a new approach in the field of automated optical recognition of handwritten characters. The approach combines geometrical and topological features, distribution of points, and Alopex based neural network to achieve a high recognition rate. A considerable enhancement in speed is achieved by implementing the process on a compressed image. Distortion tolerant features along with noise removal and region merging permit the handling of degraded documents and characters. Software implementation of the system experimented on the NIST database yields to a recognition rate of 92.4 for numerals and upper-case letters.

Darwiche, Emade; Pandya, Abhijit S.; Mandalia, Anil D.

1992-08-01

406

Presentation Theorems for Coded Character Sets  

CERN Document Server

The notion of 'presentation', as used in combinatorial group theory, is applied to coded character sets(CCSs) - sets which facilitate the interchange of messages in a digital computer network(DCN) . By grouping each element of the set into two portions and using the idea of group presentation(whereby a group is specified by its set of generators and its set of relators), the presentation of a CCS is described. This is illustrated using the Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code(EBCDIC) which is one of the most popular CCSs in DCNs. Key words: Group presentation, coded character set, digital computer network

Oluwade, D

2006-01-01

407

Rapid Feature Extraction for Optical Character Recognition  

CERN Document Server

Feature extraction is one of the fundamental problems of character recognition. The performance of character recognition system is depends on proper feature extraction and correct classifier selection. In this article, a rapid feature extraction method is proposed and named as Celled Projection (CP) that compute the projection of each section formed through partitioning an image. The recognition performance of the proposed method is compared with other widely used feature extraction methods that are intensively studied for many different scripts in literature. The experiments have been conducted using Bangla handwritten numerals along with three different well known classifiers which demonstrate comparable results including 94.12% recognition accuracy using celled projection.

Hossain, M Zahid; Yan, Hong

2012-01-01

408

Use of Partial Information in Learning To Read Chinese Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates whether children can use partial information to learn the pronunciations of Chinese characters. Children learned to pronounce more regular characters, which contain full information about pronunciation, and more tone-different and onset-different characters, which contain partial information about pronunciation, than characters with…

Anderson, Richard C.; Li, Wenling; Ku, Yu-Min; Shu, Hua; Wu, Ningning

2003-01-01

409

An Optical Character Recognition for Handwritten Devanagari Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Optical Character Recognition is process of recognition of character from scanned document and lots of OCR now available in the market. But most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters . There are no sufficient number of work on Indian language script like Devanagari so this paper present a review on optical character recognition on handwritten Devanagari script.

Trupti R. Zalke

2015-01-01

410

Handwritten Nushu Character Recognition Based on Hidden Markov Model  

OpenAIRE

This paper proposes a statistical-structural character learning algorithm based on hidden Markov model for handwritten Nushu character recognition. The stroke relationships of a Nushu character reflect its structure, which can be statistically represented by the hidden markov model. Based on the prior knowledge of character structures, we desi...

Jiangqing Wang; Rongbo Zhu

2010-01-01

411

Literacy Development in Kindergarten  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This project was conducted in order to motivate students of transition grade in Hispanoamericano Conde Ansurez School to read through the use of strategies for story-telling. As the sample for this study, the five students who had the lowest language proficiency were selected. According to the results, students improved their English, evidenced understanding of stories read in class and expressed more interest in reading. However, the process has to be continued because reading skills under development need constant practice.

Vanegas Rodríguez Flor Alba

2001-08-01

412

Physiological characters of kimpul (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott) in various of light intensity (shading) and water availability  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this research was to study the physiological characters of kimpul [Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott] in various light intensity (shading) and water availability. The physiological characters are growth, photosynthetic apparatus, tissue nitrogen and polyphenol content. Information about physiological character of tannia is important in order to their cropping development. The research done in randomize complete block design with 2 factors and 3 replicates. The first factor was l...

ENDANG ANGGARWULAN; SOLICHATUN,; WIDYA MUDYANTINI

2008-01-01

413

Wings and bristles: character specificity of the asymmetry phenotype in insecticide-resistant strains of Lucilia cuprina.  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the hypothesis that observed higher levels of asymmetry displayed by insecticide-resistance genotypes of Lucilia cuprina are restricted to bristle characters, due to the action of resistance genes in bristle cell development, rather than through the disruption of genomic coadaptation. We compared the level of asymmetry of three bristle characters and three wing characters in non-modified and modified-resistance genotypes. Consistent with previous studies, resistance genotypes ...

Clarke, G. M.; Yen, J. L.; Mckenzie, J. A.

2000-01-01

414

Design of an Optical Character Recognition System for Camera-based Handheld Devices  

CERN Document Server

This paper presents a complete Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system for camera captured image/graphics embedded textual documents for handheld devices. At first, text regions are extracted and skew corrected. Then, these regions are binarized and segmented into lines and characters. Characters are passed into the recognition module. Experimenting with a set of 100 business card images, captured by cell phone camera, we have achieved a maximum recognition accuracy of 92.74%. Compared to Tesseract, an open source desktop-based powerful OCR engine, present recognition accuracy is worth contributing. Moreover, the developed technique is computationally efficient and consumes low memory so as to be applicable on handheld devices.

Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Basu, Subhadip; Nasipuri, Mita

2011-01-01

415

Easy Entry of Chinese Character Set Symbols: Prerequisite for a Chinese Medical Information System in the ANS-MUMPS Programming Language  

OpenAIRE

To properly solve the Chinese character processing problems is a prerequisite for the development of MIS in China and Japan. By now, the encoding and inputting of the Chinese characters are the key problems. In order to accelerate the speed of the Chinese character inputting, a proposal for grouping the characters by their shape and ranking them by their frequency of usage is suggested in this article. This method eliminates the need for the user to memorize the codes and reduces the average ...

Zhang, Qing-cai

1981-01-01

416

The Problem of Loyalty in Teaching Character  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last year, two prominent, famous, and revered coaches, Jim Tressel and Joe Paterno, committed disastrous lapses of ethics. Both coaches preached that sport and athletics build character. They either taught ethics or leadership courses at their institutions or were exemplars of ethical behavior in their personal and professional lives. Both…

Stoll, Sharon K.

2012-01-01

417

Luminescence character of feldspar (KCFW01)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Luminescence character of KCFW01 feldspar with different stimulating optical and heat sources has been studied on the BG2003 spectrometer. Some luminescence spectrograms of the feldspar with different wavelengths have been obtained. There are two characteristic wavelengths in the feldspar, which have a nice luminescence response to the radiation doses. It could be useful to luminescence dating. (authors)

418

Moral Literacy and the Formation of Character.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compares "moral literacy" to cultural literacy, as both depend on prior knowledge. If we want youngsters to possess admirable character traits, then we must teach them what they are through stories and historical examples. Children cannot be expected to take messages about rules or morality seriously unless they see adults following the same…

Bennett, William J.

1988-01-01

419

Character Inner Amenability of Certain Banach Algebras  

OpenAIRE

Character inner amenability for certain class of Banach algebras consist of projective tensor product $A\\hat{\\otimes}B$, Lau product $A\\times_\\theta B$ and module extension $A\\oplus X$ are investigated. Some illuminating examples are also included.

Vishki, H. R. Ebrahimi; Khoddami, A. R.

2010-01-01

420

Building Composite Characters on a Postscript Printer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Procedures enabling the placement of diacritical markings over a character for printing in PostScript fonts on an Apple LaserWriter printer are described. The procedures involve some programming in the PostScript Language and manipulation of Adobe PostScript fonts. It is assumed that Microsoft Word will be used to create the text to be printed.…

Gothard, James E.

421

Chinese Character Decoding: A Semantic Bias?  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of semantic and phonetic radicals on Chinese character decoding were examined. Our results suggest that semantic and phonetic radicals are each available for access when a corresponding task emphasizes one or the other kind of radical. But in a more neutral lexical recognition task, the semantic radical is more informative. Semantic…

Williams, Clay; Bever, Thomas

2010-01-01

422

Modular differential equations for characters of RCFT  

OpenAIRE

We discuss methods, based on the theory of vector-valued modular forms, to determine all modular differential equations satisfied by the conformal characters of RCFT; these modular equations are related to the null vector relations of the operator algebra. Besides describing effective algorithmic procedures, we illustrate our methods on an explicit example.

Bantay, Peter

2010-01-01

423

Circadian typology and temperament and character personality dimensions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationships between circadian typology and Cloninger's model of the seven dimensions of personality, taking into account the possible sex interactions. This model considers four temperament dimensions (viz., HA, harm avoidance; NS, novelty seeking; RD, reward dependence; and PS, persistence) and three character dimensions (viz., SD, self-directedness; C, cooperativeness; and ST, self-transcendence). A sample of 862 university students (500 women), between 18 and 30 (21.94 +/- 2.64) yrs of age completed the short versions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-56) and the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ). Women showed higher values for HA, RD, and C, while men showed higher values for NS. Evening-type subjects had higher NS but lower HA, PS, and SD scores. Moreover, circadian typology modulated the sex differences in HA and NS, and only evening-type men showed a lower HA score and higher NS score. Circadian typology is related to Cloninger's model of Temperament and Character personality dimensions. Future studies should further examine possible implications, regarding both the vulnerability of developing psychopathological disorders and the prognosis of response to different treatments. PMID:20205565

Adan, Ana; Lachica, Judit; Caci, Hervé; Natale, Vincenzo

2010-01-01

424

Alexithymia, Temperament and Character Characteristics in Women with bromyalgia Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Somatic and psychic symptoms are seen in the fibromyalgia syndrome. And it is suggested that these psychic factors plays an important role in the clinical presentation of this syndrome. This study was planned to understand fibromyalgia through investigating the role of alexthymia, temperemant and character in the clinic of this illness. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinic on 36 women with fibromyalgia syndrome and 34 healthy women. The subjects were evaluated by the Temperament and Character Inventory, the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Beck Depression Scale, and sociodemographic data form.Results: These two groups were similar to each other in terms of age, years of education, and marital and economical status. Harm avoidance subscale, persistence, depression and alexithymia scores were higher in the fibromyalgia syndrome group compared to the healthy control group. A statistically significant correlation was detected between harm avoidance scores and depression scores in the fibromyalgia group.Conclusion: After determination of character and temperament characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia, pharmacological agents especially increasing the serotonin levels should be used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. At the same time, the prevalence of alexithymic personality should be kept in mind, and coping strategies for strengthening the patient’s vocabulary and revealing his/her emotions should be developed. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:105-10.

Ali Hikmet Kayar

2010-10-01

425

Corruption, corporate character-formation and "value-strategy"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While most discussions of corruption focus on administration, institutions, the law and public policy, little attention in the debate about societal reform is paid to the “internalities” of anti-corruption efforts, specifically to character-formation and issues of personal and corporate integrity. While the word “integrity” is frequently mentioned as the goal to be achieved through institutional reforms, even in criminal prosecutions, the specifically philosophical aspects of character-formation and the development of corporate and individual virtues in a rational and systematic way tend to be neglected. This paper focuses on the “internalities” of anti-corruption work with special emphasis on the pre-requisites that need to be ensured on behalf of the social elites in order for proper individual and collective character-formation to take place throughout the society. The author argues that a systematic pursuit of socially recognized virtues, both those pertaining to society as a whole and those specific to particular professions and social groups, is the most comprehensive and strategically justified way of pursuing anti-corruption policy, while institutional and penal policies can only serve an auxiliary role. The pursuit of institutional and criminal justice policies against corruption in a society that is subject to increasing relativism with regard to values and morality is at best ineffective, and at worst socially destructive. Thus the paper suggests a re-examination of the social discourse on the level of what the author calls “value strategy” and the gradual building of a plan to create and solidify specifically designed features of “corporate character” for key sectors of the society. This approach can serve as the main long-term strategy to improve the public profile of integrity and reinforce morality in both the public and civil sectors.

Fati? Aleksandar

2013-01-01

426

CHARACTER RECOGNITION USING DEMPSTER-SHAFER THEORY-COMBINING DIFFERENT DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHODS  

OpenAIRE

Telugu is one of the most predominantly spoken languages in India by millions of people. However, not much work has been reported on the developments of handwritten character recognition methodologies in most Indian languages. Earlier the recognition of offline handwritten characters was done under certain constrained domains. Then several distance measurement methods like similarity, hamming, linear orrelation, cross-correlation, nearest neighbor were used to find the distance between the c...

Sitamahalakshmi, T.; Vinay Babu, Dr A.; Jagadeesh, M.

2010-01-01

427

Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM). The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1) image acquisition module, 2) image preprocessing module, 3) feature extraction module, 4) character recognition module, and 5) display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unkn...

Vellingiriraj, E. K.; Balasubramanie, P.

2013-01-01

428

The effect of inpatient cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders on temperament and character  

OpenAIRE

Personality traits seem to have an important role in the development, clinical expression, course, and treatment response in eating disorders (EDs). We investigated the effects of an inpatient cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) on the measures of temperament and character (Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)) in 149 consecutive patients with EDs. Baseline assessment included anthropometry, the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the TCI. Treatme...

Fassino, Secondo; Abbate Daga, Giovanni

2007-01-01

429

RECOGNITION OF HANDWRITTEN CHARACTER BASED ON WREDF AND NEURAL NETWORK CLASSIFIERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, efforts have been made to develop Automatic Handwritten Character Recognition System with high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time. The proposed approach consists of two stages: i Extraction of Relative Energy Distribution Feature based on wavelet transform, ii classification of different handwritten characters using Back Propagation Neural Network. Experimental results show that the proposed approach gives the high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time.

SUROJIT SAHA,

2011-06-01

430

RECOGNITION OF HANDWRITTEN CHARACTER BASED ON WREDF AND NEURAL NETWORK CLASSIFIERS  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, efforts have been made to develop Automatic Handwritten Character Recognition System with high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time. The proposed approach consists of two stages: i) Extraction of Relative Energy Distribution Feature based on wavelet transform, ii) classification of different handwritten characters using Back Propagation Neural Network. Experimental results show that the proposed approach gives the high recognition accuracy, minimum tra...

SUROJIT SAHA,; Dr. RANJAN PAREKH,

2011-01-01

431

A Comparative Study using Wavelet and SVM for Devanagri Characters Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a wavelet-based approach for recognizing handwritten and printed Devnagari characters. In this paper we have used wavelet for feature extraction of the character. We have developed six handwritten data feature sets and six printed data feature set ,each dataset is divided in four part for our experimentation. We have also used wavelet kernels and regular kernels in SVM classification. Each SVM kernel is applied on total 12 x4=48 feature datasets.

Anil Kumar N. Holambe

2010-12-01

432

A character segmentation algorithm for off-line handwritten script recognition  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, a new character segmentation algorithm for dealing with off-line handwritten script recognition is presented. The X-axis projection, Y-axis projection and geometric classes techniques used by the algorithm proves to be successful in segmenting normal handwriting with a success rate of 93.5%. As a result of this development, detailed understanding of geometric classes of English characters and the difficult cases in segmentation was gained. Although the algorithm works quite wel...

Lai, Ahs; Chua, Pzp; Yung, Nhc

1995-01-01

433

Contribution to automatic handwritten characters recognition. Application to optical moving characters recognition  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes a research work on computer aided vision relating to the design of a vision system which can recognize isolated handwritten characters written on a mobile support. We use a technique which consists in analyzing information contained in the contours of the polygon circumscribed to the character's shape. These contours are segmented and labelled to give a new set of features constituted by: - right and left 'profiles', - topological and algebraic unvarying properties. A new method of character's recognition induced from this representation based on a multilevel hierarchical technique is then described. In the primary level, we use a fuzzy classification with dynamic programming technique using 'profiles'. The other levels adjust the recognition by using topological and algebraic unvarying properties. Several results are presented and an accuracy of 99 pc was reached for handwritten numeral characters, thereby attesting the robustness of our algorithm. (author)

434

A feature extraction technique based on character geometry for character recognition  

CERN Document Server

This paper describes a geometry based technique for feature extraction applicable to segmentation-based word recognition systems. The proposed system extracts the geometric features of the character contour. This features are based on the basic line types that forms the character skeleton. The system gives a feature vector as its output. The feature vectors so generated from a training set, were then used to train a pattern recognition engine based on Neural Networks so that the system can be benchmarked.

Gaurav, Dinesh Dileep

2012-01-01

435

Leaf Characters Within Tribe Trifolieae (Family Leguminosae  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leaf macro- and micro-morphological characters in 31 species distributed over four genera belonging to tibe trifolieae have been studied by both light and scanning microscope. Six groups have been distinguished according to type of leaves, trichome presence and type of hairs. All the studied species are amphistomatic with either paracytic, diacytic or anomocytic stomata. Brachyparacytic has been recorded in Ononis pubescens only. The epidermal cells are isodiametric or elongated with straight, undulated or wavy anticlinal walls. The data obtained support the separation of the genera Ononis and Trifolium each in a group of its own. Trigonella species are all glabrous and become very easily recognized by their leaf characters.

Wafaa K. Taia

2004-01-01

436

Phonology and access to Chinese character meaning.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the central concerns in theories of reading skills is the role of phonology in access to word meaning. The present study focused on this issue in Chinese to examine the extent to which phonology affects Chinese character recognition. Two naming experiments were conducted with a phonologically mediated semantic priming paradigm, and the relative frequencies of semantic associates of the targets and their homophones were manipulated systematically. Analyses showed that a semantic associate produced robust priming on target naming at 57- and 250-msec. stimulus onset asynchronies, but only the low frequency homophones of high frequency semantic associates facilitated target naming at a 250-msec. stimulus onset asynchrony. These results indicate the role of phonology is neither obligatory nor efficient in access to Chinese character meaning, contradicting the key assumptions of the lexical constituency model. A revised parallel access model that emphasizes visual access to semantics is suggested as a more plausible account. PMID:21323149

Kong, Lingyue; Zhang, John Xuexin; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Kang, Cuiping

2010-12-01

437

CHARACTER RECOGNITION APPROACH BASED ON ONTOLOGY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we present a general description of a new character recognition process based on ontology, semantically annotated by a domain expert. Such process is based essentially on a matching step between two ontologies, the first represents a domain ontology, containing the typographical description of different characters represent an alphabet of a well definite language (Latin for example, the second ontology, describes the document in question in the form of concepts where each concept represents a grapheme located in a -defined order in the document. In this work we consider that there is a robust extraction module of primitives that will serve us to instantiate our ontology, by the different graphemes and their spatial relationships that exist in the processed document.

Hacene Belhadef

2011-01-01

438

Understanding Islamic Ethics and Its Significance on the Character Building  

OpenAIRE

The most critical challenge facing Muslim today is the lack of the spiritual ethical dimension of life, and one of the most powerful means to overcome this problem is the adherence to the code of ethics. This paper attempts at clarifying the concept of Islamic ethics as a basic pillar for a healthy society. It explains about the need of ethics for the development of individual and society, and its significance on the character building. The author tries to present ethics as the counter part o...

Adibah Binti Abdul Rahim

2013-01-01

439

Adolescent Students as Media Fictional Characters  

OpenAIRE

Media fictional narrations on adolescents as characters and target are used by teenage audiences when looking for references for their identity building. As a starting point for Media Literacy activities to help teenage students in this process, this research focuses on the representations of adolescent students proposed by different kinds of media fictional narrations. Three European narrations have been chosen in order to analyse and compare different genres, codes and values: the televisio...

Falco?n-di?az-aguado, Laia; Di?az-aguado-jalo?n, Mari?a-jose?

2014-01-01

440

Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis  

OpenAIRE

High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zip...

Born, Kenton; Gustafson, David

2010-01-01

441

Harmonic Skeleton for Realistic Character Animation  

OpenAIRE

Current approaches to skeleton generation are based on topological and geometrical information only; this can be insufficient for realistic character animation, since the location of the joints does not usually match the real bone structure of the model. This paper proposes the use of anatomical information to enhance the skeleton. Using a harmonic function, this information can be recovered from the skeleton itself, which is guaranteed not to have undesired endpoints. The skeleton is compute...

Aujay, Gre?goire; He?troy, Franck; Lazarus, Francis; Depraz, Christine

2007-01-01

442

The Many Faces of a Character  

OpenAIRE

We prove an identity between three infinite families of polynomials which are defined in terms of `bosonic', `fermionic', and `one-dimensional configuration' sums. In the limit where the polynomials become infinite series, they give different-looking expressions for the characters of the two integrable representations of the affine $su(2)$ algebra at level one. We conjecture yet another fermionic sum representation for the polynomials which is constructed directly from the B...

Melzer, Ezer

1993-01-01

443

Writer Identification for Offline Handwritten Kanji Characters Using Multiple Features  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a study on character features and recognizers used for writer identification of offline handwritten Kanji characters. It is shown that a combination of two global features, two local features, and majority voting as a recognizer is efficient for writer identification. We performed experiments using an offline Kanji character database containing one-hundred Kanji characters, each written by one-hundred writers, and fifty samples of each Kanji character for a given writer. The experimental results show that the identification rate is 7 points higher than the conventional method using a single feature and obtained an identification rate higher than 99% by using three character classes.

Ayumu Soma

2014-09-01

444

The Gender of the Heroes, Storytellers and Collectors of Estonian Fairy Tales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article concerns the gender of fairy-tale (ATU 300-749 tellers according to Estonian archival records (5550 units and the different combinations of the genders of the recorders, the tellers and the main characters. The high and low tides of recording fairy-tales for the archive are analysed, as well as possible reasons for the tides. It appears there has been a change in the 1920s regarding fairy-tales – the earlier tales have been collected mostly from men, the later ones – from women. Another point of discussion is masculine and feminine plots. The tendency noted also by e.g. B. Holbek is significant, towards men preferring tales with male heroes while women tell tales with both male and female heroes. Based on the Estonian fairy tales corpus, there is an observable shift in the 20th century of masculine fairy tales having become more popular among women; some reasons for this tendency are elaborated.

Risto Järv

2005-08-01

445

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese characters  

CERN Document Server

The Zipf's law states that the ordered frequencies $f_1>f_2> ...$ of different words in a text hold $f_r\\propto r^{-\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma\\approx 1$ and rank $r$. The law applies to many languages with alphabetical writing systems, but was so far found to be absent for the rank-frequency relation of the Chinese characters, the main (and oldest) example of the logographic writing system. Here we show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. We focus on short texts, since for the sake of the rank-frequency analysis, long texts are just mixtures of shorter, thematically homogenous pieces. For long texts (or for mixtures of short texts), the Zipf's law holds for a relatively small range of ranks, but it is still important, since for all Chinese texts (we studied) it carries out $simeq 40%$ of the overall frequency. The previous results on th...

Deng, W B; Li, B; Wang, Q A

2013-01-01

446

Interactive Character Posing by Sparse Coding  

CERN Document Server

Character posing is of interest in computer animation. It is difficult due to its dependence on inverse kinematics (IK) techniques and articulate property of human characters . To solve the IK problem, classical methods that rely on numerical solutions often suffer from the under-determination problem and can not guarantee naturalness. Existing data-driven methods address this problem by learning from motion capture data. When facing a large variety of poses however, these methods may not be able to capture the pose styles or be applicable in real-time environment. Inspired from the low-rank motion de-noising and completion model in \\cite{lai2011motion}, we propose a novel model for character posing based on sparse coding. Unlike conventional approaches, our model directly captures the pose styles in Euclidean space to provide intuitive training error measurements and facilitate pose synthesis. A pose dictionary is learned in training stage and based on it natural poses are synthesized to satisfy users' const...

Lai, Ranch Y Q; Lee, K W; Lai, J H

2012-01-01

447

Handwriting evidence evaluation based on the shape of characters: application of multivariate likelihood ratios.  

Science.gov (United States)

A novel Bayesian methodology has been developed to quantitatively assess handwriting evidence by means of a likelihood ratio (LR) designed for multivariate data. This methodology is presented and its applicability is shown through a simulated case of a threatening anonymous text where a suspect is apprehended. The shape of handwritten characters a, d, o, and q of the threatening text was compared with characters of the true writer, and then with two other writers, one with similar and one with dissimilar characters shape compared to the true writer. In each of these three situations, 100 draws of characters were made and the resulting distributions of LR were established to consider the natural handwriting variation. LR values supported the correct hypothesis in every case. This original Bayesian methodology provides a coherent and rigorous tool for the assessment of handwriting evidence, contributing undoubtedly to integrate the field of handwriting examination into science. PMID:21198625

Marquis, Raymond; Bozza, Silvia; Schmittbuhl, Matthieu; Taroni, Franco

2011-01-01

448

Genetic variability and combining ability for quality characters in two line hybrids in rice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies on genetic variability and combining ability for 10 grain quality characters in a set of crosses involving four TGMS lines and five testers of indica rice revealed that none of parental line was found excellent for all the 10 quality characters. Among the four lines,GD 98014 and GD 98049 showed good general combining ability effect for maximum main quality charaters. Among the testers, IR 72, CO 47 and TKM 12 expressed good gca effects for maximum quality characters. Among the crosses, GD 99017 x CO 47 and GD 98014 x TKM 12 showed high specific combining ability effects. GD 98049 x IR 72 and GD 98049 x CO 43 were good specific combiner for different characters. These crosses can be used for development of rice hybrid in future.

R. Chandirakala, G. Kandasamy and K. Thiyagarajan

2012-09-01

449

T duality of perturbative characters for closed bosonic and type II string theories  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A systematic study of duality properties of string characters associated with the transverse space-time rotations is undertaken. Although yet restricted to the perturbative spectrum, our work shows that these characters, already considered earlier as a book-keeping device for the free string quantum numbers, are useful tools in connection with the current developments of string duality ideas. In particular, the O(8) triality properties of the characters for critical superstrings, show that there exists a third formulation (unnoticed so far to our knowledge) equivalent to, but different from the ones of Neveu-Schwarz-Ramond, and Green-Schwarz. For the bosonic modes, modular invariance requires that one also takes the trace over the total momentum, in contrast to what was done earlier. Although we do not consider supercharacters, the consequences of supersymmetry are neatly derived at once for all massive states by factorizing the character of the long SUSY multiplet. (orig.). 12 refs.

Cremmer, E.; Gervais, J.-L. [Ecole Normale Superieure, 75 - Paris (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique

1998-01-05

450

[Organization and character of measures to realize and conduct medical examinations of workers in Krasnoyarsk area according to Russian Health and Social Development Ministry Order No. 302n (12/04/2011)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The article presents organizational, informational, educational and methodic measures accomplished in Krasnoyarsk area, aimed to timely and high-quality fulfil the Russian Health and Social Development Ministry Order No 302n (12/04/2011) in its part concerning procedure of mandatory preliminary and periodic medical examinations of workers. PMID:23785802

Tereshchenko, Iu A; Zakharinskaia, O N; Demko, I V; Fedoreev, R V; Za?tsev, N G

2013-01-01

451

Handwritten Pattern Recognition Using Kohonen Neural Network Based on Pixel Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Handwriting is the human way in communicating each other using written media. By the advancement in technology and development of science, there are a lot of changes of technology in terms of communication with computer through handwriting. Therefore, it is needed computer able to receive input in the form of handwriting data and able to recognize the handwriting input. Therefore, this research focuses on handwritten character recognition using Kohonen neural network. The purpose of this research is to find handwriting recognition algorithm which can receive handwriting input and recognize handwritten character directly inputted in computer using Kohonen neural network. This method studies the distribution of a set of patterns without any class information. The basic idea of this technique is understood from how human brain stores images/patterns that have been recognized through eyes, and then able to reveal the images/patterns back. This research has been successful in developing an application to recognize handwritten characters using Kohonen neural network method, and it has been tested. The application is personal computer based and using a canvas as input media. The recognition process consist of 3 stages layer: Input layer, Training Layer and Hidden Layer. The Kohonen neural network method on handwritten character recognition application has good similarity level of character patterns in character mapping process.

Lulu C. Munggaran

2014-11-01

452

Memory between old and new media. Rethinking storytelling as a performative practice to process, assess and create awareness of change in the world of secondary orality  

OpenAIRE

Storytelling is old, but in our digital age its means are new. When an event of huge cultural significance occurs (such as the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the “Occupy Wall Street” Protest, or the coming of Boat-People to Europe) stories ricochet from TV to Internet, from cell phone to text message with a speed and proliferation unknown even a decade ago. We need new and effective ways to understand the making of cultural processes in a multi-media environment in order to learn and dev...

Lamberti, Elena

2012-01-01

453

Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The reading skills of computer are still way behind that of human beings. Most character recognition systems cannot read degraded documents and handwritten characters or words. Devanagari, an alphabetic script, is used by over 500 million people all over the world. In this study, we are presenting a Devanagari handwritten character recognition system using Artificial Neural Network. Up to 96% recognition rate is achieved for certain characters.

P.B. Khanale

2011-01-01

454

IDENTITY STRING GENERATION FOR OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN HINDI CHARACTER RECOGNITION  

OpenAIRE

Handwritten character recognition (HCR) has been one of the fascinating and challenging research areas in field of image processing and pattern recognition in the recent years. In general, handwritten character recognition classified into two types as off-line handwritten character recognition and on-line handwritten character recognition. In off-line HCR, the writing is usually captured optically by a scanner and complete writing is available as an image. But, in the on-line HCR ...

Minu Babu

2014-01-01

455

A novel approach for handwritten Devnagari character recognition  

CERN Document Server

In this paper a method for recognition of handwritten devanagari characters is described. Here, feature vector is constituted by accumulated directional gradient changes in different segments, number of intersections points for the character, type of spine present and type of shirorekha present in the character. One Multi-layer Perceptron with conjugate-gradient training is used to classify these feature vectors. This method is applied to a database with 1000 sample characters and the recognition rate obtained is 88.12%

Arora, Sandhya; Bhattacharjee, Debotosh; Nasipuri, Mita

2010-01-01

456

Perceptual Coherence of Chinese Characters: Orthographic Satiation and Disorganization  

OpenAIRE

After prolonged viewing of a Chinese character, most native Chinese speakers have experienced the loss of perceptual coherence of the whole character, known as orthographic satiation. This phenomenon, which only occurs in Chinese characters and Japanese kanji, has been sparsely researched (e.g., Cheng & Wu, 1994; Ninose & Gyoba, 1996, 2002). In the present study, we used left-right phonetic compounds (SP and PS characters; see Hsiao & Shillcock, 2005a) to explore the orthographic satiation ef...

Lee, Nien-chen

2007-01-01

457

A Framework for On-Line Devanagari Handwritten Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

The main challenge in on-line handwritten character recognition in Indian lan- guage is the large size of the character set, larger similarity between different characters in the script and the huge variation in writing style. In this paper we propose a framework for on-line handwitten script recognition taking cues from speech signal processing literature. The framework is based on identify- ing strokes, which in turn lead to recognition of handwritten on-line characters ra...

Kopparapu, Sunil Kumar; L, Lajish V.

2014-01-01

458

Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

The reading skills of computer are still way behind that of human beings. Most character recognition systems cannot read degraded documents and handwritten characters or words. Devanagari, an alphabetic script, is used by over 500 million people all over the world. In this study, we are presenting a Devanagari handwritten character recognition system using Artificial Neural Network. Up to 96% recognition rate is achieved for certain characters.

Khanale, P. B.; Chitnis, S. D.

2011-01-01

459

Off-line Handwritten Malayalam Character Recognition Using Gabor Filters  

OpenAIRE

Handwritten character recognition is the ability of a Computer to receive and interpret handwritten input.Computers may find difficultly in deciphering many kinds of printed characters which is of different fonts and styles or handwritten characters. This paper focuses on the recognition of handwritten Malayalam characters. The proposed system consists of image acquisition, preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction, classification & recognition. Here spatialGabor filters are used to ext...

Nusaibath C, Ameera Mol P. M.

2013-01-01

460

Handwritten Farsi Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

Neural Networks are being used for character recognition from last many years but most of the work was confined to English character recognition. Till date, a very little work has been reported for Handwritten Farsi Character recognition. In this paper, we have made an attempt to recognize handwritten Farsi characters by using a multilayer perceptron with one hidden layer. The error backpropagation algorithm has been used to train the MLP network. In addition, an analysis ha...

Reza Gharoie Ahangar; Mohammad Farajpoor Ahangar

2009-01-01

461

A novel approach for handwritten Devnagari character recognition  

OpenAIRE

In this paper a method for recognition of handwritten devanagari characters is described. Here, feature vector is constituted by accumulated directional gradient changes in different segments, number of intersections points for the character, type of spine present and type of shirorekha present in the character. One Multi-layer Perceptron with conjugate-gradient training is used to classify these feature vectors. This method is applied to a database with 1000 sample characte...

Arora, Sandhya; Malik, Latesh; Bhattacharjee, Debotosh; Nasipuri, Mita

2010-01-01

462

Handwritten Tamil Character Recognition and Conversion using Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS,...

Sureshkumar, C.; Ravichandran, Dr T.

2010-01-01

463

Improving isolated and in-context classication of handwritten characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Earlier work has shown how to recognize handwritten characters by representing coordinate functions or integral invariants as truncated orthogonal series. The series basis functions are orthogonal polynomials defined by a Legendre-Sobolev inner product. It has been shown that the free parameter in the inner product, the 'jet scale', has an impact on recognition both using coordinate functions and integral invariants. This paper develops methods of improving series-based recognition. For isolated classification, the first consideration is to identify optimal values for the jet scale in different settings. For coordinate functions, we find the optimum to be in a small interval with the precise value not strongly correlated to the geometric complexity of the character. For integral invariants, used in orientation-independent recognition, we find the optimal value of the jet scale for each invariant. Furthermore, we examine the optimal degree for the truncated series. For in-context classification, we develop a rotation-invariant algorithm that takes advantage of sequences of samples that are subject to similar distortion. The algorithm yields significant improvement over orientation-independent isolated recognition and can be extended to shear and, more generally, affine transformations.

Mazalov, Vadim; Watt, Stephen M.

2012-01-01

464

Fast Rendering of Realistic Virtual Character in Game Scene  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Human skin is made up of multiple translucent layers and rendering of skin appearance usually acquire complex modeling and massive calculation. In some practical applications such as 3D game development, we not only approximate the realistic looking skin but also develop efficient method to implement easily for meeting needs of real-time rendering. In this study, we solve the problem of wrap lighting and introduce a surface details approximation method to give realistic rendering of virtual character. Our method considers that different thicknesses of geometry on the skin surface can result in different scattering degree of incident light and so pre-calculate the diffuse falloff into a look-up texture. Also, we notice that scattering is strongly color dependent and small bumps are common on the skin surface and so pre-soften the finer details on the skin surface according to the R/G/B channel. At last, we linearly interpolate the diffuse lighting with different scattering degree from the look-up texture sampled with the curvature and NdotL. Experiment results show that the proposed approach yields realistic virtual character and obtains high frames per second in real-time rendering.

Mengzhao Yang

2013-07-01

465

Inheritance of Quantitative Characters in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Productivity of tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill, can be reduced substantially by rampant flower abortion. Inheritance and heritability of high fruit set and yield were studied to develop efficient methods for breeding improved cultivars. High fruit setting (Cherry and Low fruit setting (NR1, NR2, NR44 and NR46 tomato genotypes were chosen for studies of high fruit set, yield and good plant stature (determinate. Parental genotypes, F1, F2 and backcross progenies were evaluated under field conditions at the Horticultural Science Department of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi during the 1998 and 1999 cropping seasons. Data on vegetative and yield components were recorded for the parentals, F1, F2 and backcross populations. Cherry had higher mean values than the NR-Lines for all the characters except average fruit diameter, average fruit weight and total fruit weight per plant. Hybrid yields of 11.2-42.0 t ha-1 was recorded compared with 16-22.0 t ha-1 recorded for the parentals. Narrow-sense heritabilities obtained from variance components of vegetative and yield traits were generally low to moderate indicating that all these traits were influenced by additive genes and environment will have much influence on such traits. In order to develop varieties with good agronomic characters, acceptable fruit yield and sizes, single seed descent with progeny row testing and selection must be used since backcrosses is not suitable for fixing such traits.

Adams Frimpong

2006-01-01

466

Culture or Disability? Examining Deaf Characters in Children's Book Illustrations  

Science.gov (United States)

Picture books can influence how children perceive those from backgrounds and cultures different from their own. Studies have been conducted examining how the text of children's literature portrays multicultural characters or characters with disabilities. However, few have looked specifically at the portrayal of characters through illustrations,…

Golos, Debbie B.; Moses, Annie M.; Wolbers, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

467

An Integrative Perceptual Approach for Teaching Chinese Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is concerned with an innovative approach to teaching Chinese characters. Traditionally, pupils learn Chinese characters by repeatedly copying them until they can reproduce their form and pronunciation from memory. Most of the characters pupils are required to learn are selected on the basis of their frequency in adult written…

Tse, Shek Kam; Marton, Ference; Ki, Wing Wah; Ka Yee Loh, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

468

Character Sets for PLATO/NovaNET: An Expository Catalog.  

Science.gov (United States)

The PLATO and NovaNET computer-based instructional systems use a fixed system character set ("normal font") and an author-definable character set ("alternate font"). The alternate font lets the author construct his own symbols and bitmapped pictures. This expository catalog allows users to determine quickly (1) whether there is a character set…

Gilpin, John B.

469

Offline Handwritten Character Recognition Using Improved Back- Propagation Algorithm  

OpenAIRE

A neural network is a machine designed tomodel the way in which the brain performs a particulartask. Character recognition techniques help inrecognizing the characters written on paper documentsand converting it in digital form. Character recognitionis gaining interest and importance in the modern worlddue to its application in various fields. Handwrittencharacter recognition is a very difficult problem due togreat variation of writing style, di...

Ashok Kumar(University of Delhi, Delhi, India)

2013-01-01

470

Probabilistic Artificial Neural Network For Recognizing the Arabic Hand Written Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to present a new technique assists in developing a recognition system for handling the Arabic Hand Written text. The proposed system is called Arabic Hand Written Optical Character Recognition (AHOCR. AHOCR was concerned with recognition of hand written Alphanumeric Arabic characters. In the present work, extracted characters are represented by using geometric moment invariant of order three. The advantage of using moment invariant for pattern classification as compared to the other methods is its invariant with respect to its: position , size and rotation .The proposed technique was divided into three major steps : the first step was concerned with digitization and preprocessing documents to create connect components, detect the skew of characters and correct it .The second step deals with how to use geometric moment invariant features of the input Arabic characters to extract features . The third step focused on description of an advanced system of classification using Probabilistic Neural networks structure which yields significant speed improvement. Our final results indicate and clarify that the proposed AHOCR technique achieves an excellent test accuracy of recognition rated up to 97% for isolated Arabic characters and 96% for Arabic text.

Khalaf khatatneh

2006-01-01

471

Evaluation of Seedling Characters on Perennial Ryegrasses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Evaluation of seedling characters on perennial ryegrasses studied of different parental plants for seed multiplication. There is a significant difference between germination percentages on different parental groups, which indicated that two parental plants represent at this experiments had lower germinations than the other parental groups. Eights parental plants represent significantly lower dry weights, and higher coleoptile?s numbers were recorded on four parental plants. There is a positive significant correlation (0.887** between coleoptiles numbers and numbers of inflorescences and also seedling yields (0.917**.

Suleyman Sengul

2003-01-01

472

Characters of the W 3 algebra  

OpenAIRE

Traces of powers of the zero mode in the W 3 Algebra have recently been found to be of interest, for example in relation to Black Hole thermodynamics, and arise as the terms in an expansion of the full characters of the algebra. We calculate the first few such powers in two cases. Firstly, we find the traces in the 3-state Potts model by using null vectors to derive modular differential equations for the traces. Secondly, we calculate the exact results for Verma module representations. We com...

Iles, Nicholasdept Of Mathematics; Watts, Ge?rard

2014-01-01

473

Characters of the W3 algebra  

CERN Document Server

Traces of powers of the zero mode in the W3 Algebra have recently been found to be of interest, for example in relation to Black Hole thermodynamics, and arise as the terms in an expansion of the full characters of the algebra. We calculate the first few such powers in two cases. Firstly, we find the traces in the 3-state Potts model by using null vectors to derive modular differential equations for the traces. Secondly, we calculate the exact results for Verma module representations. We compare our two methods with each other and the result of brute-force diagonalisation for low levels and find complete agreement.

Iles, Nicholas J

2013-01-01

474

Characters of the W 3 algebra  

Science.gov (United States)

Traces of powers of the zero mode in the W 3 Algebra have recently been found to be of interest, for example in relation to Black Hole thermodynamics, and arise as the terms in an expansion of the full characters of the algebra. We calculate the first few such powers in two cases. Firstly, we find the traces in the 3-state Potts model by using null vectors to derive modular differential equations for the traces. Secondly, we calculate the exact results for Verma module representations. We compare our two methods with each other and the result of brute-force diagonalisation for low levels and find complete agreement.

Iles, Nicholas J.; Watts, Gérard M. T.

2014-02-01

475

Vector bundles over analytic character varieties  

CERN Document Server

Let $\\Q_p\\subseteq L\\subseteq K\\subseteq\\C_p$ be a chain of complete intermediate fields where $\\Q_p\\subseteq L$ is finite and $K$ discretely valued. Let $Z$ be a one dimensional finitely generated abelian locally $L$-analytic group and let $\\hat{Z}_K$ be its rigid $K$-analytic character group. Generalizing work of Lazard we compute the Picard group and the Grothendieck group of $\\hat{Z}_K$. If $Z=\\ol$, the integers in $L\

Schmidt, Tobias

2009-01-01

476

ZBrush Character Creation Advanced Digital Sculpting  

CERN Document Server

A stunning, content-rich update to this top-selling ZBrush guide! This second edition of ZBrush Character Creation has been fully updated for ZBrush 4, the newest version of this fascinating and popular 3D sculpting software. ZBrush enables users to create detailed organic models using a brush-based toolset and tablet. The startling results look as though they've been painted with real brushes and oils, and ZBrush is increasingly popular for use in film, game, and broadcast pipelines. Author Scott Spencer is embedded in the ZBrush community and his movie credits include Harry Potter and The Or

Spencer, Scott

2011-01-01

477

On character amenability of Banach algebras  

Science.gov (United States)

We continue our work [E. Kaniuth, A.T. Lau, J. Pym, On [phi]-amenability of Banach algebras, Math. Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 144 (2008) 85-96] in the study of amenability of a Banach algebra A defined with respect to a character [phi] of A. Various necessary and sufficient conditions of a global and a pointwise nature are found for a Banach algebra to possess a [phi]-mean of norm 1. We also completely determine the size of the set of [phi]-means for a separable weakly sequentially complete Banach algebra A with no [phi]-mean in A itself. A number of illustrative examples are discussed.

Kaniuth, E.; Lau, A. T.; Pym, J.

2008-08-01

478

The effect of the spaceship carrying on the biological characters and sod activity of eggplant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of the space shuttle carrying on the growth and biological characters of eggplant SP1 population were studied. The results showed that the effect of space shuttle carrying on the growth and development of eggplant SP1 were very significant on the characters such as the plant height, reproductive development, leaf size, fruit length, fruit quality and fruiting rate etc, especially on the plant development and the fruit size, and it is hopeful to select some good eggplant germplasm or cultivars from the population. The SOD activity showed that the SOD level in the mutant-1 plant was one time more than that in control plant, indicating that the space shuttle carrying may increase the expression of some genes and lead to the great change in morphological characters

479

Handwriting recognition using a reduced character method and neural nets  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with the recognition of handwriting text character by using a reduced character methodology and neural nets (BNN, RNN). The reduced characters methodology is based on the representation (mapping) of the text characters on a small size 2-D array of 12 X 9. For the recognition process each character is considered as a composition of `main' and `secondary' features. The main features are the necessary and important parts of a character for its recognition. The secondary (or artistic) features are the parts of a character which contribute to its various representations. The reduced character methodology presented in this paper attempts to prove that the recognition of a reduced size character provides a robust approach for recognition of handwritten text. The RNN approach for handwritten character recognition is based upon recurrent neural networks. The recurrent networks have a feedback mechanism. The feedback mechanism acts to integrate new values of feature vector with their predecessors. The output is supervised according to a target function. These networks can deal with inputs and outputs that are explicit functions of time. A new way of associating shape information was used, which gives very consistent results for handwritten character recognition. In this scheme the `shadow' each character was considered to find was the distances between the margins of the character. The distances are normalized with respect to the maximum distance in the entire shape to minimize the effect of disproportionately formed characters. For this effort two neural networks and an attributed graph approach are used and their results are compared on a set of 5000 handwritten characters.

Bourbakis, Nikolaos G.; Koutsougeras, Cris; Jameel, A.

1995-03-01

480

Handwritten word recognition with character and inter-character neural networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

An off-line handwritten word recognition system is described. Images of handwritten words are matched to lexicons of candidate strings. A word image is segmented into primitives. The best match between sequences of unions of primitives and a lexicon string is found using dynamic programming. Neural networks assign match scores between characters and segments. Two particularly unique features are that neural networks assign confidence that pairs of segments are compatible with character confidence assignments and that this confidence is integrated into the dynamic programming. Experimental results are provided on data from the U.S. Postal Service. PMID:18255853

Gader, P D; Mohamed, M; Chiang, J H

1997-01-01

481

Reading, Writing, and Animation in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies suggest that writing helps reading development in Chinese in both first and second language settings by enabling higher-quality orthographic representation of the characters. This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of reading, animation, and writing in developing foreign language learners' orthographic knowledge…

Xu, Yi; Chang, Li-Yun; Zhang, Juan; Perfetti, Charles A.

2013-01-01

482

Machine Recognition of Hand Written Characters using Neural Networks  

CERN Document Server

Even today in Twenty First Century Handwritten communication has its own stand and most of the times, in daily life it is globally using as means of communication and recording the information like to be shared with others. Challenges in handwritten characters recognition wholly lie in the variation and distortion of handwritten characters, since different people may use different style of handwriting, and direction to draw the same shape of the characters of their known script. This paper demonstrates the nature of handwritten characters, conversion of handwritten data into electronic data, and the neural network approach to make machine capable of recognizing hand written characters.

Perwej, Yusuf; 10.5120/1819-2380

2012-01-01

483

Generation of fractal Chinese characters based on IFS  

Science.gov (United States)

The theory of iterated function systems (IFS) has been used in generating fractal graphics. In this paper, a method is proposed to generate fractal Chinese characters with IFS. A Chinese character consists of strokes. In most cases, one stroke is modeled with one affirn mapping. The finite set of the contractive affirn mappings that model all the strokes construct the IFS for that Chinese character. Formulas to determine the coefficients of the IFS are deduced in this paper, and the random iteration algorithm is used to show the fractal Chinese character. The experimental results show that the generated fractal Chinese characters are self-similar and beautiful.

Zhang, Zhengbing; Zhang, Wei

2012-11-01

484

Machine recognition of Hand written Characters using neural networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Even today in Twenty First Century Handwritten communication has its own stand and most of the times, in daily life it is globally using as means of communication and recording the information like to be shared with others. Challenges in handwritten characters recognition wholly lie in the variation and distortion of handwritten characters, since different people may use different style of handwriting, and direction to draw the same shape of the characters of their known script. This paper demonstrates the nature of handwritten characters, conversion of handwritten data into electronic data, and the neural network approach to make machine capable of recognizing hand written characters.

Perwej, Yusuf; Chaturvedi, Ashish

2011-01-01

485

Iterative cross section sequence graph for handwritten character segmentation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The iterative cross section sequence graph (ICSSG) is an algorithm for handwritten character segmentation. It expands the cross section sequence graph concept by applying it iteratively at equally spaced thresholds. The iterative thresholding reduces the effect of information loss associated with image binarization. ICSSG preserves the characters' skeletal structure by preventing the interference of pixels that causes flooding of adjacent characters' segments. Improving the structural quality of the characters' skeleton facilitates better feature extraction and classification, which improves the overall performance of optical character recognition (OCR). Experimental results showed significant improvements in OCR recognition rates compared to other well-established segmentation algorithms. PMID:17688219

Dawoud, Amer

2007-08-01

486

Offline Handwritten Character Recognition Using Improved Back- Propagation Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A neural network is a machine designed tomodel the way in which the brain performs a particulartask. Character recognition techniques help inrecognizing the characters written on paper documentsand converting it in digital form. Character recognitionis gaining interest and importance in the modern worlddue to its application in various fields. Handwrittencharacter recognition is a