WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Harry Truman and the Atomic Bomb: An Excursion into Character Education through Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This article asserts the importance of character education through the utilization of historical storytelling in the social studies classroom. After briefly noting the value of the historical story in this regard, a specific, ready-made example is provided concerning Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb and includes a crucial set of follow-up…

Sanchez, Tony R.

2006-01-01

2

Playing in or out of character: user role differences in the experience of interactive storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Interactive storytelling (IS) is a promising new entertainment technology synthesizing preauthored narrative with dynamic user interaction. Existing IS prototypes employ different modes to involve users in a story, ranging from individual avatar control to comprehensive control over the virtual environment. The current experiment tested whether different player modes (exerting local vs. global influence) yield different user experiences (e.g., senses of immersion vs. control). A within-subject design involved 34 participants playing the cinematic IS drama "Emo Emma"( 1 ) both in the local (actor) and in global (ghost) mode. The latter mode allowed free movement in the virtual environment and hidden influence on characters, objects, and story development. As expected, control-related experiential qualities (effectance, autonomy, flow, and pride) were more intense for players in the global (ghost) mode. Immersion-related experiences did not differ over modes. Additionally, men preferred the sense of command facilitated by the ghost mode, whereas women preferred the sense of involvement facilitated by the actor mode.

Roth C; Vermeulen I; Vorderer P; Klimmt C; Pizzi D; Lugrin JL; Cavazza M

2012-11-01

3

Developing Voice in Digital Storytelling Through Creativity, Narrative and Multimodality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For Simon, who is nine years old, reading and writing are obstacles rather than tools. However, when offered the opportunity to create digital stories, Simon becomes deeply engaged. He creates complex stories within different genres based on a variety of subjects. He both expresses and creates meaning through his digital storytelling. He develops what Elbow calls ´voice.´ In the paper I argue that digital storytelling became a resource for Simon which triggered his interest in literacy because of two specific features: multimodality and narrative. Vygotsky’s work on development of literacy and creativity comprise a theoretical point of departure and I claim that new media has the potential to play a significant role in this realm.

Monica Nilsson

2010-01-01

4

Graphic Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

Thompson, John

2009-01-01

5

Education and Character Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationships between character assessment and moral assessment are discussed, showing that the one need not involve the other, and sources of confusion about this relationship are uncovered. (Editor/CB)

Hare, William

1973-01-01

6

Storytellers as partners in developing a genetics education resource for health professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advances in genetics are bringing unprecedented opportunities for understanding health and disease, developing new therapies and changes in healthcare practice. Many nurses and midwives lack competence and confidence in integrating genetics into professional practice. One approach to enhance understanding of genetics is to simulate clinical exposure through storytelling. Stories are acknowledged as a powerful learning tool, being understandable and memorable, stimulating critical thinking, and linking theory to practice. Telling Stories, Understanding Real Life Genetics is a freely accessible website that sets people's stories within an education framework. The links between the stories and professional practice are made explicit and additional features support learning and teaching. Care of the storytellers within an ethical framework is of paramount importance. Storytellers are viewed as partners in the project. The challenges encountered include preserving the authentic voice and dignity of the storyteller. Project team members have also experienced 'professional shame' when negative experiences have been recounted, and the stories have had an impact on the team. The experience of working with storytellers has been positive. The storytellers want to be heard so that others will benefit from their stories. They serve as a reminder of why this work is important. PMID:22197414

Kirk, Maggie; Tonkin, Emma; Skirton, Heather; McDonald, Kevin; Cope, Buddug; Morgan, Rhian

2011-12-23

7

Storytellers as partners in developing a genetics education resource for health professionals.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Advances in genetics are bringing unprecedented opportunities for understanding health and disease, developing new therapies and changes in healthcare practice. Many nurses and midwives lack competence and confidence in integrating genetics into professional practice. One approach to enhance understanding of genetics is to simulate clinical exposure through storytelling. Stories are acknowledged as a powerful learning tool, being understandable and memorable, stimulating critical thinking, and linking theory to practice. Telling Stories, Understanding Real Life Genetics is a freely accessible website that sets people's stories within an education framework. The links between the stories and professional practice are made explicit and additional features support learning and teaching. Care of the storytellers within an ethical framework is of paramount importance. Storytellers are viewed as partners in the project. The challenges encountered include preserving the authentic voice and dignity of the storyteller. Project team members have also experienced 'professional shame' when negative experiences have been recounted, and the stories have had an impact on the team. The experience of working with storytellers has been positive. The storytellers want to be heard so that others will benefit from their stories. They serve as a reminder of why this work is important.

Kirk M; Tonkin E; Skirton H; McDonald K; Cope B; Morgan R

2013-05-01

8

Art Education Technology: Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|The application of digital storytelling to art education is an interdisciplinary, inquiry-based, hands-on project that integrates the arts, education, local communities, technology, and storytelling. Through digital storytelling, students develop and apply multiliteracy skills, aesthetic sensitivities, and critical faculties to address greater…

Chung, Sheng Kuan

2007-01-01

9

Promoting positive youth development and highlighting reasons for living in Northwest Alaska through digital storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using a positive youth development framework, this article describes how a 3-year digital storytelling project and the 566 digital stories produced from it in Northwest Alaska promote protective factors in the lives of Alaska Native youth and serve as digital "hope kits," a suicide prevention approach that emphasizes young people's reasons for living. Digital stories are short, participant-produced videos that combine photos, music, and voice. We present process data that indicate the ways that digital stories serve as a platform for youth to reflect on and represent their lives, important relationships and achievements. In so doing, youth use the digital storytelling process to identify and highlight encouraging aspects of their lives, and develop more certain and positive identity formations. These processes are correlated with positive youth health outcomes. In addition, the digital stories themselves serve as reminders of the young people's personal assets--their reasons for living--after the workshop ends. Young people in this project often showed their digital stories to those who were featured positively within as a way to strengthen these interpersonal relationships. Evaluation data from the project show that digital storytelling workshops and outputs are a promising positive youth development approach. The project and the qualitative data demonstrate the need for further studies focusing on outcomes related to suicide prevention. PMID:23099660

Wexler, Lisa; Gubrium, Aline; Griffin, Megan; DiFulvio, Gloria

2012-10-24

10

Promoting positive youth development and highlighting reasons for living in Northwest Alaska through digital storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Using a positive youth development framework, this article describes how a 3-year digital storytelling project and the 566 digital stories produced from it in Northwest Alaska promote protective factors in the lives of Alaska Native youth and serve as digital "hope kits," a suicide prevention approach that emphasizes young people's reasons for living. Digital stories are short, participant-produced videos that combine photos, music, and voice. We present process data that indicate the ways that digital stories serve as a platform for youth to reflect on and represent their lives, important relationships and achievements. In so doing, youth use the digital storytelling process to identify and highlight encouraging aspects of their lives, and develop more certain and positive identity formations. These processes are correlated with positive youth health outcomes. In addition, the digital stories themselves serve as reminders of the young people's personal assets--their reasons for living--after the workshop ends. Young people in this project often showed their digital stories to those who were featured positively within as a way to strengthen these interpersonal relationships. Evaluation data from the project show that digital storytelling workshops and outputs are a promising positive youth development approach. The project and the qualitative data demonstrate the need for further studies focusing on outcomes related to suicide prevention.

Wexler L; Gubrium A; Griffin M; DiFulvio G

2013-07-01

11

Developing Individual and Team Character in Sport  

Science.gov (United States)

|The idea that participation in sport builds character is a long-standing one. Advocates of sport participation believe that sport provides an appropriate context for the learning of social skills such as cooperation and the development of prosocial behavior (Weiss, Smith, & Stuntz, 2008). Research in sport regarding character development has…

Gaines, Stacey A.

2012-01-01

12

Center for Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many ways to tell stories about communities and individuals, and new developments in multimedia offer some rather compelling ways to do just that. One such organization interested in these types of projects is The Center for Digital Storytelling. In their work they offer workshops for organizations and individuals, along with providing a clearinghouse of information about resources on storytelling and new media. At the site, visitors can read about the center's work and view a number of case studies that exemplify the approach adopted and promoted there. These case studies include work done with the BBC, the W.K.K. Kellogg Foundation, and the Kansas City Symphony. The site also includes some other materials on the process of digital storytelling, including several helpful interviews with practitioners in the field and newspaper articles on digital storytelling.

13

A Critique of “Moral and Character Development”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A critique was made in this essay about William G. Huitt’s ?2004?article titled “Moral and Character Development”. The strong points of his article were discussed with his conclusion that social and cultural values influence the formation of children’s character traits, while school should play its own role as a sub-social unit to develop their characters and morality based on the cognitive, affective, conative and behavioral principles. The obvious weakness was presented by ignoring politics to be a vital factor influencing moral development. This essay aims to discuss why moral principles can be taught in school and how moral education can be practiced in classroom. It proposes what approaches are supposed to be significantly effective. Keywords: Moral education; Character development; Behavioral principles; Cognition; Psychological approaches

Ping LIU

2009-01-01

14

Empowering the Learner through Digital Animated Storytelling : Developing Innovative Learning Designs for the Multimodal Classroom  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The advent of new media offer potentials for multimodal learning [1] to the learners. This also calls for new learning designs that fully make use of digital media and explore how they can be used to create a motivating and meaningful learning environment that addresses the learner’s individual needs and different preferences for expression. With the old norms for authority based on teacher centric classrooms changing, there is a need to develop ways that can engage, motivate and empower the learners to take part in learning activities that are inherently meaningful to each student. Storytelling and narrative is fundamental to the process of meaning making according to the seminal works of cultural psychologist Jerome Bruner [2]. .As the Canadian educational theorist Kieran Egan [3] suggests, there is an important relationship between storytelling and imagination because it is ”central to the general ability to make meaning out of experience.” One way to design for narrative multimodal learning isto introduce the learners to the tools to make digital animated stories as a way to work with literacies in the classroom. In this way it may offer the learners a platform for meaningful involvement in the school, where they are intrinsically motivated to perform task that they feel are relevant in the context of the narrative universes they are creating, fostering selfefficacy and a sense of empowerment, which may be important to further learning experiences.

Gjedde, Lisa

2012-01-01

15

Anatomy Digital Storytelling Projects 101: How to Create and Implement Digital Storytelling into Your Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

A description of a digital storytelling project; allowing students to gather and process information relating to a physiology concept and develop a digital storytelling project explaining and demonstrating said concept.

2008-12-01

16

Character animation fundamentals developing skills for 2D and 3D character animation  

CERN Multimedia

Expand your animation toolkit and remain competitive in the industry with this leading resource for 2D and 3D character animation techniques. Apply the industry's best practices to your own workflows and develop 2D, 3D and hybrid characters with ease. With side by side comparisons of 2D and 3D character design, improve your character animation and master traditional principles and processes including weight and balance, timing and walks. Develop characters inspired by humans, birds, fish, snakes and four legged animals. Breathe life into your character and develop a characters personality w

Roberts, Steve

2012-01-01

17

Leadership, character and its development: A qualitative exploration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore (1) what organisational leaders consider to be character elements of leaders within the workplace, (2) what influences leaders’ character development, and (3) how an organisation can continue the process of character development. The literature review and findings revealed that leadership, integrity, industriousness, empathy, loyalty, optimism, fairness and compassion are the most sought after character elements within leaders in the workplace. Leadership and integrity were found to be the most supported character elements. The findings also indicate that work environmental factors, a person’s own efforts, and the daily experiences of work life contribute towards character development.

Roslyn de Braine; Derek Verrier

2007-01-01

18

"Playing with the Team": The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Science.gov (United States)

|Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variously identified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement, and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remains the need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it has assumed. During the spring/summer…

Westman, Peter John

2012-01-01

19

Language, Literacy, Literature: Using Storytelling in the Languages Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

|Stories and storytelling have been used for millennia to entertain, challenge and educate. As a shared form of language interaction, storytelling has engaged communities in developing and perpetuating common understandings of both language and culture, as critical foundations to harmonious societies. Stories and storytelling provide a rich source…

Morgan, Anne-Marie

2011-01-01

20

Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

What's a digital story? The folks at the Digital Storytelling initiative at The Ohio State University define it thusly: "a short (3-5 minute) movie which uses images, voice, and music to tell a story." The initiative is a great idea and this website offers visitors the chance to get acquainted with the digital stories that are being created at the school. Visitors should start their journey here by navigating over to the Stories area. Here they will find examples of these narratives, including "Howling at the Moon," "Clover Angst," "Our Sacred Circles," and "What's This Say?" Moving on, the Resources area includes information for those who would like to create their own digital stories. The links here lead to copyright-free audio and video sources, along with low-cost or free images. Also, this section includes helpful handouts that are used in the storytelling workshops at the OSU campus. No doubt this website will be a source of motivation and inspiration for those people who might like to create their own narratives.

2012-08-31

 
 
 
 
21

Using Digital Storytelling to Improve Literacy Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper shows the importance of Storybird, an online platform, for developing writing and storytelling among young learners of a foreign language. Storybird is an extremely engaging collaborative storywriting website that embodies three ideas--creating, reading, and sharing. It is also a collaborative storytelling tool that allows students to…

Menezes, Helena

2012-01-01

22

Digital Storytelling: Effective Learning through the Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

Defines digital storytelling, the application of multimedia techniques to the telling of stories. Describes how digital-storytelling assignments, designed to use an online conferencing facility, were developed for a college class. Provides examples of students' approaches to the personal narrative assignment. Discusses how to evaluate the…

Mellon, Constance A.

1999-01-01

23

Signs, Systems and Complexity of Transmedia Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article addresses key concepts such as sign, system and complexity in order to approach transmedia storytelling and better understand its intricate nature. The theoretical framework chosen to investigate transmedia storytelling meanders is Semiotics by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) and General Systems Theory by Mario Bunge (1919-). The complexity of transmedia storytelling is not simply the one of the signs of the works included in a transmedia franchise. It also includes the complexity of the dispositions of users/consumers/players as interpreters of semiotic elements (e.g. characters, themes, environments, events and outcomes) presented by transmedia products. It extends further to the complexity of social, cultural, economical and political constructs. The German transmedia narrative The Ultimate SuperHero-Blog by Stefan Gieren and So?a’s Diary, a Portuguese multiplatform production by BeActive, are presented as examples of closed and open system transmedia storytelling respectively.

Renira Rampazzo Gambarato

2012-01-01

24

Playing with the team: The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variouslyidentified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement,and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remainsthe need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it hasassumed. During the spring/summer of 2011, I conducted an examination ofTaking the Field (TTF), a digital storytelling project that aims to celebrategrassroots cricket in the UK through the construction of stories by village andcounty-level clubs. In contrast to most previous projects that aim to have theparticipants “speak” by constructing their own stories, TTF stories are researchedand constructed by project staff with the assistance of the clubs.My research centers on the experiences of two clubs in the project, Blaina CC andSpondon CC, through interviews and elicitation techniques with club andcommunity members using the completed stories and the artifacts used in theirconstruction. Through the theoretical framework of Gell's anthropology of art, Iconsider how digital stories act as objects that mediate social agency during theircreation and how the structure of this type of project contributes to the formationof communities of practice in the 'performance' of collective identity.

Peter John Westman

2012-01-01

25

Sharing Multicultural Literature through Storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Details how storytelling could function as a rich, multicultural pedagogy. Explores how storytelling can be grounded in the oral traditions of African and East Indian cultures. Locates a series of skills that emerge from storytelling activities. (RS)

Newell, Florence M.

1995-01-01

26

The Leader's Shadow Exploring and Developing Executive Character  

CERN Multimedia

This is the first book to examine fully the inner dynamics of executives in top leadership positions. This empirical examination of the character of leaders covers areas such as personality, values and spirituality, and has been conducted through surveys and in-depth interviews. The reader is invited to combine the information gleaned from the life stories of the interviewed CEOs with personal reflection as a first step in developing his or her own leadership character.

Judge, William Q Q

1999-01-01

27

VIRTUALLY SPEAKING: HOW DIGITAL STORYTELLING CAN FACILITATE ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling can be used as a tool in participatory action research. An organization developed to enhance teaching and learning in high schools used this method as a way to collect narratives from the rural community it served. The staff and students who participated in digital storytelling became researchers focused on the personal narrative. Digital storytelling was used to give voice to community members and also to explain policy initiatives that directly affected the community. Digital storytelling was a way for the organization to engage its members in a way that would benefit all stakeholders.

Matthew MILITELLO; Francisco GUAJARDO

2013-01-01

28

Modeling of Interactive Storytelling and Validation of Scenario by Means of Linear Logic  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Research on Interactive Storytelling has mainly focused on the opposition between a discourse point of view and a character point of view for a story. In this paper, we propose an approach to model Interactive Storytelling using Linear Logic, which is a support for reasoning on both points of view. ...

Dang, Kim Dung; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

29

VIRTUALLY SPEAKING: HOW DIGITAL STORYTELLING CAN FACILITATE ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital storytelling can be used as a tool in participatory action research. An organization developed to enhance teaching and learning in high schools used this method as a way to collect narratives from the rural community it served. The staff and students who participated in digital storytelling ...

Matthew MILITELLO; Francisco GUAJARDO

30

Community-Based Indigenous Digital Storytelling with Elders and Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

|Indigenous digital storytelling and research are as much about the process of community relationships as they are about the development of digital products and research outcomes. Indigenous researchers, digital storytelling producers, and academics work in different communities with research collaborators who are indigenous community members,…

Iseke, Judy; Moore, Sylvia

2011-01-01

31

Digital Storytelling in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is a promising instructional strategy as well as an emerging field of study in higher education. Courses on digital storytelling are offered in communications and creative writing programs at a number of universities. However, the potential for digital storytelling extends far beyond the fields of communication and media…

McLellan, Hilary

2007-01-01

32

????????????? A Study of Influence of Storytelling toward Organizational Memory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Retention facilities????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????During the era of knowledge-based economy, knowledge management is important to organizations. Organization members’ knowledge can be stored and then information or knowledge can be shared by KM. Organizational memory is one of intangible assets of one organization; it stores past experience and knowledge, supports organization strategy, and improves organization effectiveness. Accordingly, it is important to establishment and development of organizational memory for KM. Organizational culture can be stored by story, and it is one of retention facilities of organizational memory. For this reason, we can’t ignore the influence of storytelling on organizational memory. Besides, universities are important in the era of knowledge-based economy because of the influence of organizational memory on thinking, behavior, and attitude of members. The idea, spirit, and culture of universities can be passed down by storytelling. Shih Hsin university is the subject in this study. Based on the literature review and in-depth interview, this study explores the importance of storytelling to organization, the influence of storytelling on organizational memory, and organization value can be or can not be conveyed and established effectively by storytelling. The results of this study indicate that: 1. The importance of storytelling: Through storytelling, organization members emotionally connect to their organization and then identify their organization; 2. Storytelling can store organizational culture, convey experience and knowledge, and improve acquisition, retention, and maintenance of process of organizational memory management; 3. Organization value and spirit can be conveyed effectively by storytelling. Meanwhile, it is positive to employees. The results of this study explore the influence of storytelling on organizational memory and could be the reference to establishment and development of organizational memory in such enterprise and higher education organization.

Pin-Han Chen; Ming-Shu Yuan

2008-01-01

33

[General practitioners' storytelling is useful in quality development of general practice].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A consultant function to advice general practitioners (GPs) with regard to interactions with ethnic minority patients was developed in the Copenhagen municipality in 2002-2003 as a quality developing project. One part of the project focused on the challenges experienced by the GPs. Neither guidance nor teaching was required; instead the GPs were inclined to tell stories about their patients. This article describes and discusses how a narrative approach can be used in the circle of quality development. It is argued that a narrative analysis illuminates positions and structures and gives useful insight to act. In this project it illuminated structural challenges, which had to be solved at a level different from the individual level, which was the focus of the consultant project.

Dyhr L; Nielsen AS; Reventlow S

2011-10-01

34

Forensic fictions: science, television production, and modern storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This essay uses interviews with television creators, writers, and producers to examine how media practitioners utilise, negotiate and transform forensic science in the production of televisual stories including the creation of unique visuals, character exploration, narrative progression, plot complication, thematic development, and adding a sense of authenticity. Television as a medium has its own structures and conventions, including adherence to a show's franchise, which put constraints on how stories are told. I demonstrate how television writers find forensic science to be an ideal tool in navigating television's narrative constraints by using forensics to create conflicts, new obstacles, potential solutions, and final solutions in their stories. I show how television writers utilise forensic science to provide the scientific certainty their characters require to catch the criminal, but also how uncertainty is introduced in a story through the interpretation of the forensics by the show's characters. I also argue that televisual storytellers maintain a flexible notion of scientific realism based on the notion of possibility that puts them at odds with scientists who take a more demanding conception of scientific accuracy based on the concept of probability.

Kirby DA

2013-03-01

35

Boundary crossing and learning identities – digital storytelling in primary schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article contributes to academic discussions on how digital storytelling inan educational setting may have potential to build and develop learningidentities, agency and digital competences. With a socio-cultural frameworkon learning and identity as a point of departure, the article sets out to studythese issues approached as boundary crossing between the intersectingcontexts of leisure time and school. The analysis draws on three examples ofdigital storytelling among 5th - 7th graders in three Norwegian primaryschool classes. My findings suggest that digital storytelling might represent aboundary crossing enabling pupils to adopt new roles as producers ofcreative content, as mentors or guides, to explore new technology andsoftware in a context different from that of outside school and to learn anddevelop competences related to production processes and multimodalresources. I argue that digital storytelling has a potential to contribute tolearning, learning identity and agency, provided it is based on a more fullydeveloped pedagogical strategy of carefully linking school and leisure time

Anne Mette Bjørgen

2010-01-01

36

?????????-???????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? EXPORT-INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY OF UKRAINE SELECTIVE CHARACTER ?????????-????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  ? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????-????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????. Of the article comes true attempt to expose the necessity of introduction of export-innovative development of national economy of Ukraine of selective character. ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????-?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????. 

?.?. ??????????

2011-01-01

37

Digital Storytelling: A Tool for Teaching and Learning in the YouTube Generation  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers can connect with today's digital learners by using digital storytelling as an instructional tool. This article describes the process of learning to use digital storytelling through the case of Tyler Binkley, a first-year middle school math teacher whose professional development exemplifies the learning process educators can follow to communicate with students on frequencies they understand.

Dreon, Oliver; Kerper, Richard M.; Landis, Jon

2011-05-01

38

Poetic reflection through digital storytelling – a methodology to foster professional health worker identity in students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the field of digital storytelling research there is a focus on personal narratives, multimedia and the creative process in developing identity and voice. The project introduced in this paper has identified contexts in higher education where digital storytelling may be used as a promising tool to ...

Jamissen, Grete; Skou, Goro

39

The Character Development of Angel Clare in Tess of the D'urbervilles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through the analysis of the character---Angel Clare in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D'urbervilles, this essay tries to show the effects of Angel Clare’s experiences on the development of his character. And it also presents the goodness and the evilness of man’ nature.

Yongliang Huang

2009-01-01

40

Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme), thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.

Theo Hug

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

MicroCulture : Interactive storytelling and learning in the museum  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper proposes a playful learning scenario, to enhance children’s museum experience, and the design of MicroCulture, a new learning platform. MicroCulture has been developed through a participatory design process, involving around 25 children. The perspective proposed in this paper is focused on enhancing existing storytelling practices, so to provide a more tangible grounding to the communication of historical processes and to elicit a lively dialogue between children and guides. In this perspective, it is proposed to turn storytelling, as a museum learning practice, into a more dialogic and playful mode of communication.

Marchetti, Emanuela

2012-01-01

42

What educators should know about teaching digital storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they havelearned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, andsupervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digitalstorytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIEinstructional design framework and are presented as starting points thateducators should consider when they begin to integrate digital storytelling in theirclassrooms. The guidelines provide useful information that will help educatorsteach students all phases of the digital storytelling process, including analysis,design, development, implementation and evaluation of digital storytellingprojects that focus on educationally meaningful topics.

Bernard R. Robin; Sara G. McNeil

2012-01-01

43

Promoting Health Literacy Through Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patient education is becoming increasingly important in today’s healthcare environment as chronic conditions become more prevalent. Yet even when education is provided, patients may fail to follow recommendations given by healthcare providers because they do not understand the information provided to them. This article encourages the use of storytelling to present healthcare information in an easily understandable and captivating manner. After discussing health literacy concepts, the author compares the linear and experiential ways of learning and describes how storytelling can be an especially effective way of teaching experiential learners.

Vivian Day

2009-01-01

44

The Hadia story:digital storytelling in election campaigns  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article isan analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, ...

Bakøy, Eva; Kalnes, Øyvind

45

Boundary crossing and learning identities – digital storytelling in primary schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article contributes to academic discussions on how digital storytelling inan educational setting may have potential to build and develop learningidentities, agency and digital competences. With a socio-cultural frameworkon learning and identity as a point of departure, the article sets out to s...

Bjørgen, Anne Mette

46

The Hadia story:digital storytelling in election campaigns  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik,...

Bakøy, Eva; Kalnes, Øyvind

47

Digital Storytelling: Reinventing Literature Circles  

Science.gov (United States)

|New literacies in reading research demand the study of comprehension skills using multiple modalities through a more complex, multi-platform view of reading. Taking into account the robust roll of technology in our daily lives, this article presents an update to the traditional literature circle lesson to include digital storytelling and…

Tobin, Maryann Tatum

2012-01-01

48

Visual Storytelling – Knowledge and Understanding in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an ongoing research project of use and learning with geographic information visualization and Visual Storytelling (geovisual analytics) in education. The fully developed study will be applied in school settings in order to 1) customize the application for educational purpose, 2) improve the teaching in social science and 3) study teachers and students experiences and learning. - The application "Open Statistics eXplorer" will be used to improve the students knowledge and understanding of sophisticated statistical relations, - Teachers will be able to, individually and together, develop a dynamic teaching material through storytelling, through the web, - Students will be able to, with help of powerful geographical statistics, explore statistical relations on their own. A better understanding of how educators and their students can elicit deeper user understanding and participation by exploiting dynamic web-enabled statistics visualization is of importance. Results from an usability study in this project are promising. Together with the associated science of perception in learning in relation to the use of multidimensional spatio-temporal statistical data this research will contribute to the research fields of geovisual analytics as well as educational science.

Linnéa Stenliden; Mikael Jern

2012-01-01

49

The impact of physical activities on the development of the females’ character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, the participation of females in exercise/ sport is unchallengeable. In addition, the established impacts of the above mentioned activities on females as well as on people in general are far too many. The present study, within the framework of a literature review, aims at the tracing of the impacts of participation in physical activities on the development of female character. The results of this review have revealed that physical activities affect some significant traits of personality, such as its pneumatic, moral and social qualities. The conclusion deriving from such a finding is that physical activities can constitute a means for the development of the females’ character.

MILTIADIS PROIOS; IOANNIS ATHANAILIDIS; EVGENIA GIANNITSOPOULOU

2010-01-01

50

Digital storytelling as an emerging documentary form  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This contribution presents the idea that digital storytelling can be fruitfully studied using concepts and perspectives from documentary theory. Two definitions of digital storytelling are analysed and compared to how documentary filmmaking has been characterized. From this comparison, it is possible to argue that digital storytelling works within a contextual contract similar to that of documentary filmmaking, especially in regard to the positioning of the audience and the media product. The study of digital storytelling might accordingly benefit from the ongoing discussions in documentary theory about authorial responsibility and claims of realism and truthfulness

Ana Luisa Sanchez-Laws

2010-01-01

51

The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized and implemented. This study aimed at describing: (1) the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing; (2) the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model in lecturing and (3) the effect of the living values-based contextual learning model on students? character improvement. Approach: This study used Research and Development design. The technique of data collection used observation, documentation, Focus Group Discussion and questionnaire. The analysis of qualitative data used data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion stages. Meanwhile, quantitative data analysis used correlation and regression analysis. The subjects of study were 98 students of Civic Education Study Program, Indonesia University of Education of academic year 2011/2012. Results: The finding showed that: (1) the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing was the integration of living values into material, method, media, learning source and lecturing evaluation conceptually; (2) the living values-based contextual learning model was implemented through value learning variation in contextual learning (problem-based learning, cooperative learning, project-based learning, service learning and work-based learning); (3) the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model had an effect by 26% on the students? character development Conclusion: The living values-based contextual learning is an alternative of character education integration model in university learning process. This model can be applied in lecturing to develop the students? characters including religious, honest, tolerant, well-mannered, discipline, hard working, creative, independent, democratic, homeland love, respecting achievement, collaborating and responsible.

Kokom Komalasari

2012-01-01

52

Positioning Ontario's Character Development Initiative in/through Its Policy Web of Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Constructing a policy web of relationships is proposed as a useful way to identify and understand complex relationships between policies and their contexts. In Canada, the province of Ontario's "Character Development Initiative" (CDI) and its relationships to student achievement, citizenship education, and safe schools policies provide an…

Winton, Sue

2012-01-01

53

Character Education: Students Develop "The Kindness Company" to Benefit Local Charities  

Science.gov (United States)

One can develop a family and consumer sciences (FCS) course that teaches character education, and allows students to experience the good feelings that come from helping others through The Kindness Company. The Kindness Company is a simulated company that produces items for donation to local charitable organizations. Students get management…

Blanton, Dorothy

2004-01-01

54

Digital Storytelling with DINAH:  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present a novel method for defining and assembling interactive narrativewhile operating under an optimized constraint-based system. DINAH is adynamic, interactive, narrative authoring heuristic that constructs textualstories from a database of short story components. Similar to video gametechniques that blend short motion capture segments to construct interactivegraphical characters, DINAH builds entire narratives from a database ofindexed story segments. The narrative DINAH builds dynamically adjusts to auser's interaction while run-time algorithms ensure that the essentialingredients of a compelling narrative are preserved. We use DINAH to furtherexplore the potential and utility of interactive, computer-generated narrative,both as a learning tool and an entertainment technology.

David Ventura; David Brogan

55

“Don’t Keep It To Yourself!”: Digital Storytelling with South African Youth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As resources become available, the tools of digital storytelling are being introduced into a wide variety of contexts, with new projects involving youth emerging in increasingly remote areas throughout the developing world. In 2008, the Sonke Gender Justice Network teamed up with the Center for Digital Storytelling’s Silence Speaks initiative to work with a group of rural youth in Eastern Cape, South Africa. The results of this project are eight digital stories by young Xhosa people that capture the challenges they face and the futures they yearn for in post-apartheid South Africa. By exploring the success and challenges of the project, we show the potential that thoughtfully designed digital storytelling efforts offer as both a psychological outlet and a tool for community education and social activism with marginalized youth.

Amber Reed; Amy Hill

2010-01-01

56

Interactional convergence in conversational storytelling: when reported speech is a cue of alignment and/or affiliation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper investigates how and when interactional convergence is established by participants in conversation. We analyze sequences of storytelling using an original method that combines Conversation Analysis and a corpus-based approach. In storytelling, the participant in the position of "listener" is expected to produce either generic or specific responses adapted to the storyteller's narrative. The listener's behavior produced within the current activity is a cue of his/her interactional alignment. We show here that the listener can produce a specific type of (aligned) response, which we term a reported speech utterance in echo. The participant who is not telling the story is nonetheless able to animate the characters, while reversing the usual asymmetric roles of storyteller and listener. The use of this device is a way for the listener to display his/her stance toward the events told by the storyteller. If the listener's stance is congruent with that of the storyteller, this reveals a high degree of affiliation between the participants. We present seventeen excerpts from a collection of 94 instances of Echo Reported Speech (ERS) which we examined using the concepts of alignment and affiliation in order to show how different kinds of convergent sequences are constructed. We demonstrate that this phenomenon is mainly used by the listener to align and affiliate with the storyteller by means of reformulative, enumerative, or overbidding ERS. We also show that in affiliative sequences, reported speech can be used by the listener in a humorous way in order to temporarily disalign. This disalignment constitutes a potential starting point for an oblique sequence, which, if accepted and continued by the storyteller, gives rise to a highly convergent sequence. PMID:24115939

Guardiola, Mathilde; Bertrand, Roxane

2013-10-08

57

Interactional convergence in conversational storytelling: when reported speech is a cue of alignment and/or affiliation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper investigates how and when interactional convergence is established by participants in conversation. We analyze sequences of storytelling using an original method that combines Conversation Analysis and a corpus-based approach. In storytelling, the participant in the position of "listener" is expected to produce either generic or specific responses adapted to the storyteller's narrative. The listener's behavior produced within the current activity is a cue of his/her interactional alignment. We show here that the listener can produce a specific type of (aligned) response, which we term a reported speech utterance in echo. The participant who is not telling the story is nonetheless able to animate the characters, while reversing the usual asymmetric roles of storyteller and listener. The use of this device is a way for the listener to display his/her stance toward the events told by the storyteller. If the listener's stance is congruent with that of the storyteller, this reveals a high degree of affiliation between the participants. We present seventeen excerpts from a collection of 94 instances of Echo Reported Speech (ERS) which we examined using the concepts of alignment and affiliation in order to show how different kinds of convergent sequences are constructed. We demonstrate that this phenomenon is mainly used by the listener to align and affiliate with the storyteller by means of reformulative, enumerative, or overbidding ERS. We also show that in affiliative sequences, reported speech can be used by the listener in a humorous way in order to temporarily disalign. This disalignment constitutes a potential starting point for an oblique sequence, which, if accepted and continued by the storyteller, gives rise to a highly convergent sequence.

Guardiola M; Bertrand R

2013-01-01

58

DIGITAL STORYTELLING, EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR E LITERACIA DIGITAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper offers a critical review of the relevant literature in English and Portuguese on the production of audiovisual material such as Digital Storytelling to be used in higher education and produced by those involved in the teaching and learning process. The aim is to reflect on some characteristics needed to develop a contextualized experience through short audiovisual stories.The research methodology used in this study is based on vast literature search inseveral databases at Nottingham Trent University (England) and the UniversidadeFederal de Santa Catarina (Brazil). The study results indicate that certain skills,for example, ability to construct a coherent narrative, and image, video and soundediting are required of those involved in higher education due to the insertion ofmultiple digital technologies in peoples’ everyday life. Thus, it is argued that thepractical experience of audiovisual education might enhance the digital literacyof students by the production of audiovisual pieces for the collaborative learningprocess of adults.

Josias Ricardo Hack; Olga Guedes

2013-01-01

59

Generalized notions of character amenability  

CERN Multimedia

In this paper the concepts of character contractibility, approximate character amenability (contractibility) and uniform approximate character amenability (contractibility) are introduced. We are concerned with the relations among the generalized concepts of character amenability for Banach algebra. We prove that approximate character amenability and approximate character contractibility are the same properties, as are uniform approximate character amenability and character amenability, as are uniform approximate character contractibility and character contractibility. For commutative Banach algebra, we prove that character contractibility and contractibility are the same properties. Moreover, general theory for those concepts is developed.

Shi, Luo Yi; Ji, You Qing

2010-01-01

60

Poetic reflection through digital storytelling – a methodology to foster professional health worker identity in students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the field of digital storytelling research there is a focus on personal narratives, multimedia and the creative process in developing identity and voice. The project introduced in this paper has identified contexts in higher education where digital storytelling may be used as a promising tool to support students’ learning, assisting them to combine theory and practical experience in their field of study. Students in the health professions need to develop a professional identity based on both social and technical competencies. Technical competencies concord with what students expect to be taught in a university college. The development of social competence and professional identity, however, requires a different approach, involving students reflecting on their experiences from working in health institutions. We suggest that a particular mode of reflection, a poetic mode, exemplified by digital storytelling, may serve as a tool for students in this process of learning from practice. Three characteristics of digital storytelling are discussed: the narrative approach, multimodality and creativity, all in search of defining characteristics of a personal professional story. A model is described through a three cycle development project, illustrated by the terms pioneers and pathfinders for the first two cohorts of students and digital storytellers for the changes planned for the third cohort in the light of our experiences.

Grete Jamissen, Goro Skou

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Mechanism for the development of anisotropic grain boundary character distributions during normal grain growth  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Grain boundaries in polycrystalline magnesia-doped alumina and yttrium aluminum garnet were classified as growing in area or shrinking in area on the basis of topology and curvature considerations. Measurements of dihedral angles at grain boundary thermal grooves were used to determine that the energies of the growing boundaries are, on average, lower than the energies of the shrinking boundaries. The observations also show that the length of a boundary is inversely correlated to its energy. The findings suggest that anisotropic grain boundary character distributions, which influence the properties of polycrystals, develop because higher-energy grain boundaries are preferentially eliminated from the network during grain growth.

2009-01-01

62

Digital storytelling teaching robotics basics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Storytelling (DST) is a powerful tool for teaching complex concepts. DSTs are typically used in the humanities but several papers have shown that they are also a wonderful tool for the sciences because they are more involving, contextualized and can easily lead to deeper understanding. In the classical use of DST the story is thecontent, while the digital medium is the way of telling it. Our approach is slightly different: the story is not the content but a glue for the main contents, while the digital medium remains the way to tell the story. We propose the use of DST as a means to teach surgeons the basics of robotic surgery, by using a story that should be involving forthem, i.e. a surgical operation, within which we will illustrate specific concepts onrobotics in surgery.

Michele Scandola; Paolo Fiorini

2013-01-01

63

Differences in the selection response of serially repeated color pattern characters: Standing variation, development, and evolution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There is spectacular morphological diversity in nature but lineages typically display a limited range of phenotypes. Because developmental processes generate the phenotypic variation that fuels natural selection, they are a likely source of evolutionary biases, facilitating some changes and limiting others. Although shifts in developmental regulation are associated with morphological differences between taxa, it is unclear how underlying mechanisms affect the rate and direction of evolutionary change within populations under selection. Here we focus on two ecologically relevant features of butterfly wing color patterns, eyespot size and color composition, which are similarly and strongly correlated across the serially repeated eyespots. Though these two characters show similar patterns of standing variation and covariation within a population, they differ in key features of their underlying development. We targeted pairs of eyespots with artificial selection for coordinated (concerted selection) versus independent (antagonistic selection) change in their color composition and size and compared evolutionary responses of the two color pattern characters. Results The two characters respond to selection in strikingly different ways despite initially similar patterns of variation in all directions present in the starting population. Size (determined by local properties of a diffusing inductive signal) evolves flexibly in all selected directions. However, color composition (determined by a tissue-level response to the signal concentration gradient) evolves only in the direction of coordinated change. There was no independent evolutionary change in the color composition of two eyespots in response to antagonistic selection. Moreover, these differences in the directions of short-term evolutionary change in eyespot size and color composition within a single species are consistent with the observed wing pattern diversity in the genus. Conclusion Both characters respond rapidly to selection for coordinated change, but there are striking differences in their response to selection for antagonistic, independent change across eyespots. While many additional factors may contribute to both short- and long-term evolutionary response, we argue that the compartmentalization of developmental processes can influence the diversification of serial repeats such as butterfly eyespots, even under strong selection.

Allen Cerisse E; Beldade Patrícia; Zwaan Bas J; Brakefield Paul M

2008-01-01

64

Digital Storytelling as an Interactive Digital Media Context  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling involves the creation of short, personal narratives combining images, sounds, and text in a multimedia computer-based platform. In education, digital storytelling has been used to foster learning in formal and informal spaces worldwide. The authors offer a critical discussion of claims about digital storytelling's usefulness…

Anderson, Kate T.; Chua, Puay Hoe

2010-01-01

65

Digital Storytelling: A New Player on the Narrative Field  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is a dynamic and beautiful marriage of narrative and technology that is proving to be a potent force in educational practice. Interest in the multiple applications of digital storytelling has burgeoned in recent years. A growing body of literature has explored the ways in which digital storytelling is being employed in…

Rossiter, Marsha; Garcia, Penny A.

2010-01-01

66

Digital Storytelling: How to Get the Best Results  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling embraces the art of traditional storytelling and reconfigures it using modern digital mediums. More specifically, "Digital storytelling is the practice of combining narrative with digital content, including images, sound, and video, to create a short movie, typically with a strong emotional component." There are a multitude…

Sheneman, Laura

2010-01-01

67

The development of character education by improving student motivation in science  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The goal of this study is, first to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science by applying convenient teaching methods, systems, and tools. Therefore, to use the positive environment developed through motivation consciously and build desired and expected behaviours in the society by means of character education. Appropriate character education is to be carried out by relating Science topics to the current daily life.The field of this study was V.K.V. Koc School. Applications were occurred with 666 students from K1 to K5 levels. Measurements and evaluation field was limited with K4 and K5 levels, who joined the Science Laboratory Activities periodically. The study has been applied between 2000 autumn term and 2002 spring term. Additionally, there is a comparative adaptation on the study of 2002-2003 education year, which was adapted to the American K8 level students at Lake Stevens Middle School, Seattle, Washington, USA

2005-01-01

68

Digital Storytelling: An Empirical Study of the Impact of Digital Storytelling on Pre-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Dispositions towards Educational Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study examined the effects of the digital storytelling experience on pre-service teachers' self-efficacy towards educational technology. Additionally, this study examined professional dispositions including openness to change towards educational technology, degree of willingness to participate in professional development and technology…

Heo, Misook

2009-01-01

69

Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of children with croup for use in a randomized controlled trial. Methods A creative writer interviewed parents of children with croup presenting to the pediatric emergency department (ED) and drafted stories. We revised the stories based on written participant feedback and edited the stories to incorporate research evidence and health information. An illustrator and graphic designer developed story booklets which were evaluated through focus groups. Results Ten participants provided feedback on the five stories drafted by the creative writer. Participants liked the concept but found the writing overly sophisticated and wanted more character development and more medical/health information. Participants highlighted specific story content that they liked and disliked. The revised stories were evaluated through focus groups involving eight individuals. Feedback was generally positive; one participant questioned the associated costs. Participants liked the graphics and layout; felt that they could identify with the stories; and felt that it was easier to get information compared to a standard medical information sheet. Participants provided feedback on the story content, errors and inconsistencies, and preferences of writing style and booklet format. Feedback on how to package the stories was provided by attendees at a national meeting of pediatric emergency researchers. Conclusions Several challenges arose during the development of the stories including: staying true to the story versus being evidence based; addressing the use of the internet by consumers as a source of health information; balancing the need to be comprehensive and widely applicable while being succinct; considerations such as story length, reading level, narrative mode, representation of different demographics and illness experiences, graphics and layout. The process was greatly informed by feedback from the end-user group. This allowed us to shape our products to ensure accuracy, credibility, and relevance. Our experience is valuable for further work in the area of stories and narratives, as well as more broadly for identifying and developing communication strategies for healthcare consumers.

Hartling Lisa; Scott Shannon; Pandya Rena; Johnson David; Bishop Ted; Klassen Terry P

2010-01-01

70

Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated persons who want to know the Braille system through Bengali language. The proposed methodology has been tested on the Braille documents collected from the Jhunka Pratibondhi Aloke Niketan, West Bengal.

Dr. Santanu Halder; Mr. Abul Hasnat,; Ms. Amina Khatun,; Dr. Debotosh Bhattacharjee,; Dr. M. Nasipuri,

2013-01-01

71

Wayang Authoring: A Web-based Authoring Tool for Visual Storytelling for Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research focuses on the development of the Wayang Authoring tool as it aims to assist children in creating and performing stories, developing an appreciation for cultural artifacts, and enhancing intercultural empathy while building a young storyteller community in a virtual world. This study s...

Widjajanto, R. Julius Bambang Wahju Agung

72

Development of a Multi-User Recognition Engine for Handwritten Bangla Basic Characters and Digits  

CERN Multimedia

The objective of the paper is to recognize handwritten samples of basic Bangla characters using Tesseract open source Optical Character Recognition (OCR) engine under Apache License 2.0. Handwritten data samples containing isolated Bangla basic characters and digits were collected from different users. Tesseract is trained with user-specific data samples of document pages to generate separate user-models representing a unique language-set. Each such language-set recognizes isolated basic Bangla handwritten test samples collected from the designated users. On a three user model, the system is trained with 919, 928 and 648 isolated handwritten character and digit samples and the performance is tested on 1527, 14116 and 1279 character and digit samples, collected form the test datasets of the three users respectively. The user specific character/digit recognition accuracies were obtained as 90.66%, 91.66% and 96.87% respectively. The overall basic character-level and digit level accuracy of the system is observe...

Rakshit, Sandip; Das, Tanmoy; Dutta, Subhrajit; Basu, Subhadip

2010-01-01

73

Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects the data from some relative questionnaires with randomly sampling to distribute for 500 preschool children’s parents in Southern Taiwan. The data are then analyzed by using SPSS statistical tool with factor analysis, regression analysis and also Hierarchical regression. The results of analysis are concluded as follows: (1) Parenting style reveals partially notably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (2) Parent-child shared reading within information technology application presents partially significantly positive correlations with parenting style, (3) Parent-child shared reading within information technology application appears partially remarkably positive correlations with young children’s character development, (4) Parent-child shared reading within information technology application shows partially significantly moderating effects between parenting style and children’s character development. Based on the research outcomes, it is expected that some suggestions and references would be very useful for preschool children’s parents to appropriately integrate information technology within their shared reading and parenting with children.

Yi-Chan Tu; Mei-Ju Chou; Hung-Chung Lee

2013-01-01

74

Development of Character Input System Based on Head Tilting and Breathing Actions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes support-equipment of operating a personal computer for users whohave an obstacle on the regions of upper limb. The user wears a head set device with an angle sensor,and holds a plastic pipe connected to a pressure sensor in his or her mouth. Tilting his or her head andbreathing are used for mouse cursor operation and characters input. Considering user's body conditions,the voluntary angle range of head tilting and strength of breathing are memorized to the controllerbeforehand, and obtained information is reflected for operations without fatigue. The characterdisplay board is used to indicate the Japanese characters and input options such as Back Space orEnter. Tilting motions change the indicated character and breathing actions can select and input theilluminated functions on the character display board. In test trial, it is confirmed that Japanese charactersincluding Kanji and Katakana can be input with head tilting and breathing, instead of a generalkeyboard.

Nobuaki Nakazawa; Ilhwan Kim; Toshikazu Matsui; Kou Yamada

2011-01-01

75

Using storytelling as an approach to teaching and learning with diverse students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Storytelling is an approach to teaching and learning that develops from the lived experiences ofteachers, clinicians, and students. This article examines thestorytelling process used to help students explore personal roles and make sense of their lives, and as an approach to help diverse undergraduate students with various learning styles.

Koenig JM; Zorn CR

2002-09-01

76

Using Storytelling as an Approach to Teaching and Learning with Diverse Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling helps nursing students explore roles, develop cognitive abilities, and make meaning. It can enhance the learning of students with academic difficulties or physical disabilities, older returning students, and students with different cultural backgrounds and learning styles. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Koenig, Jill M.; Zorn, CeCelia R.

2002-01-01

77

Twelve tips for using digital storytelling to promote reflective learning by medical students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Digital storytelling has potential to motivate students to engage in reflective learning since it uses a range of new technologies and multimedia that are more familiar to young people. The use of visual and audio media offers creative opportunities that can motivate students to develop deeper learning. A structured approach to creating a digital story is essential so that its potential is achieved.

Sandars J; Murray C; Pellow A

2008-01-01

78

Making Learning Active with Interactive Whiteboards, Podcasts, and Digital Storytelling in ELL Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study was to examine effective ways to integrate an interactive whiteboard, podcast, and digital storytelling for language proficiency development in English language learners. Researchers integrated these three technologies into a 60-hour intensive summer English program and investigated their impacts on student vocabulary…

Hur, Jung Won; Suh, Suhyun

2012-01-01

79

Telling Tales in and out of School: Youth Performativities with Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article examines the performativities of three marginalised "at risk" youth who participated in a longitudinal digital storytelling project undertaken in formal and informal settings in Singapore. Seeking to foster young people's agency, identity and multiple literacies, the three and one half year project developed a range of digital…

Wales, Prue

2012-01-01

80

Storytelling as a Strategy for Understanding Concepts of Electricity and Electromagnetism  

Science.gov (United States)

In our research, we investigated whether students will develop inquiry skills, such as hypothesis exploration and formulation and interpretation, and metacognitive skills, such as comprehension of new knowledge, as a result of a storytelling strategy employed during teaching. We also investigated whether students will utilize the skills and…

Kokkotas, Panos; Rizaki, Aikaterini; Malamitsa, Katerina

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Computational Approaches to Storytelling and Creativity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper deals with computational approaches to storytelling, or the production of stories by computers, with a particular attention on the way human creativity is modelled or emulated, also in computational terms. Features relevant to creativity and to stories are analysed, and existing systems a...

Gervas, Pablo; Universidad Complutense de Madrid

82

Digital Storytelling: Using Technology to Spark Creativity  

Science.gov (United States)

|For any curriculum area that entails writing, digital storytelling could transform students' perceptions of and their actual abilities to express themselves through the written word. The use of two Web sites has helped the students of one school go from staring apprehensively at blank pages to eagerly publishing stories.|

Tackvic, Charlene

2012-01-01

83

Exploring Rural Contexts with Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article describes rural middle school students' exploration of their identity and their rural contexts through the vehicle of digital storytelling. Participants included 40 7th and 40 9th grade students at two rural schools in the Southeast United States. Students worked in shared writing groups to create digital stories expressing their…

Wake, Donna G.

2012-01-01

84

Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs) in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre...

Melany Cueva; Regina Kuhnley; Laura J. Revels; Katie Cueva; Mark Dignan; Anne P. Lanier

85

Digital Storytelling: The Arts and Preservice Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this presentation, the authors describe a journey of teachers in a graduate Fine Arts Methods course. The journey began with conversations about what art is and the nature of collections in exploring this question. Elements of visual literacy, storytelling and music were investigated. The final ...

Vito M. Dipinto; Kaki Dipinto; Jennifer Rios

86

Art, Storytelling, and the Digital Economy  

Science.gov (United States)

|A digital story can be anything that uses digital technology to construct narrative. It comes in many forms, including short movies and documentaries, using still images, voice-over narration, and music. It can be academic, abstract, or highly personal. Digital storytelling provides a powerful media literacy opportunity, as students are required…

Ohier, Jason

2007-01-01

87

2011 "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival  

CERN Document Server

The "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival will take place in Plan-les-Ouates (Geneva) from 6 to 15 May 2011. This year, for the first time, stories will be told in English at 11 a.m. on Sunday, 15 May, at the "La Julienne" arts and culture centre.   More information  

2011-01-01

88

Entrepreneurship Development Course to Foster Character Merchandise in Support Economic Growth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This analysis focuses on the entrepreneurship education and economic growth to welfare in the nation. Development of learning and teaching activities aim to build a spirit of human creativity, innovation, sportsmanship and self-employment. These learning need to be followed up with efforts to integrate character education classes, education, creative economy, and entrepreneurship education into the college curriculum. These program is a very important to economic growth, and more important than the object that is emphasized in most economic education. The image is an impression that a poor country because people do not have program entrepreneurship education with effective and eficience so perceptions received by a person when he saw, heard and used in the national industry to generate economic value. The image must be built in a planned and measured so as to discover the presence of a positive impact on the nation. The economic structure of the creative assets that have the potential to increase of economic growth. World transformed rapidly with economic growth, from the SDA-based human resource-based, from the agricultural era to the industrial era and the views of economic development based on the flow of ideas. Wave of creative economy is a stream that has been accepted as the flow of the new economy in the economic civilization. previous waves, among others: the wave of agricultural economics, industrial economics wave, and wave information economy. Creative economy as a recent surge in economic growth, entrepreneurship needs to be invested in the lecture so that they can optimally support its economic growth.

Waspodo Tjipto Subroto

2013-01-01

89

Building trust in times of crisis: : Storytelling and change communication in an airline company  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Purpose – This paper aims to argue for and apply a polyphonic approach to corporate storytelling and organisational change communication. A participatory action research project demonstrates how recently developed inclusive methodologies that seek to create employee participation have been applied in a case company. Design/methodology/approach – Case study based on a constructionist approach and four methodological foundations: participatory action research, co-productive methods (such as organisational photography), appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams. Findings – Results of the organisational change process in the case company show that the application of a polyphonic approach to organisational change communication and storytelling, appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams created involvement in and enactment of organisational change based on employees, own values and stories in the case company. Research limitations/implications – Further research is needed that applies the methodological foundations of this study in other organisational contexts and under different circumstances. Practical implications – The methodologies and approaches applied in this case cannot be transferred to other organisations directly, but the paper seeks to inspire practitioners with regard to inclusive and empowering approaches to change communication and storytelling. Originality/value – Argues theoretically, presents and applies recently developed constructionist approaches and co-productive methods. Keywords Change management, Storytelling, Corporate communications, Organizational culture, Airlines Paper type Research paper

Langer, Roy; Thorup, Signe

2006-01-01

90

The Hadia Story: Digital Storytelling in Election Campaigns  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released during the 2009 parliamentary election campaign and the reactions they evoked on the net and in the traditional media during the same (time) period.During the 2009 electoral campaign Tajik moved from being a relatively unknown politician to becoming a political household name and the only member of the new Parliament with a migrant background. The digital stories were instrumental in this development for numerous reasons, the most important probably being that they gave her prime time television coverage. Norwegian news media have in general been very concerned with Web 2.0 and Tajik’s videos were regarded as an innovative kind of political communication. The videos also functioned as an effective marketing tool on the net. As an integral part of her extensive viral network, they attracted numerous views and they were with a few exceptions met with positive reactions. This was probably due to their relatively high production values and their catch-all communication strategy that downplayed her ethnic, educational and political background and emphasized her universal human qualities.

Eva Bakøy; Øyvind Kalnes

2010-01-01

91

Corporate Seanachies : Storytelling skills for the modern organization  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper strives to provide the"how" by marrying the literature on organizational storytellingwith the insights offered by professional children's storytellers.Many of the points will be illustrated by the author's experiencesin business and as a very novice---but keen---storyteller.########################################### ######"[T]he challenge facing the storyteller [is] that of telling an old story in a novel way, soas to entertain his or her audience. The storyteller buys his or her audience's suspensionof disbelief at the cost of delivering a good story---the unbelievable must be madebelievable. The story is a dare, which he or she must pull off." (Gabriel, 2000 pg.12)

92

Dangers on the Web--Pornography, Hate, the Internet, and the Character Development of America's Youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cautions that with growing access to new technologies, the expansion of Internet pornography and hate sites is fast becoming a danger for students, teachers, parents, and communities. Discusses technological possibilities for regulating Internet use available at school and at home. Relates Internet regulation with the goals of character education.…

Hoj, John

1998-01-01

93

Facing Violence and Conflict with Communication : Possibilities and limitations of storytelling and entertainment-education  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this essay the focus is around the material conditions of poverty, anxiety, social instability and insecurity faced by many around the globe. I articulate a communication theory and practical model that can address the aggression and desperation, which are embedded in violent practices and conflicts. My assertion is that many communicative disconnects lie in between the constructs of anxiety, insecurity and instability faced by many individuals in the world today and the inadequate way in which governments and other authorities communicate with their publics. My claim is that the communication practices commonly used often times are disempowering. I thus draw on Clemencia Rodriguez' proposal for a 'communication for peace' to make the point that communication is a poorly exploited resource in society. I thus describe a communication strategy that can empower individuals and counter the negative forces such as aggression, desperation, violence and conflicts. Particularly, I explore the power of storytelling as a communicative strategy. I focus on the principles of empathy, dialogue and diversity inherent in the communication model that anchors storytelling methodology. I argue that storytelling forms such as entertainment-education, which can embody the above principles, can prove beneficial in building trust and awareness. I furthermore argue that they can facilitate social mobilisation and provide a space for the disempowered to articulate their voices. Thus, it is possible for storytelling forms to contribute positively to creating agency among the marginalised and thus develop supportive and nurturing social and communicative environments. The potentially empowering qualities of storytelling through entertainment-education can contribute to building a positive sense of agency among ordinary citizens, and in so doing can develop supportive socio-communicative environments. I end by calling for an alternative communication paradigm, where principles of open access to the media, voice and visibility in the media, recognition of each others' differences, and room and time for dialogue and debate should guilde our communication practice.

Tufte, Thomas

2012-01-01

94

Interaction Approach For Digital Video Based Storytelling  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper shows an approach for a storytelling oriented interaction on digital video. All the interactioncapabilities of the system are driven by the video context and therefore media centric. Interactionpossibilities are given to the audience by conversation (on topics of the video content) or by classicalDirect Manipulation (of video objects). Conversations can be done by the user with a personalizedassistance or directly with the video. The implementation of the approach is shown by a discussion aboutan application architecture on the basis of Real Media Server, SMIL and Java 3D. The application runs asa Video On Demand system, accessible through the world wide web.Keywords: Interaction, Conversation, Media Centred, Digital Video, Digital Storytelling.1.

Norbert Braun

95

Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs) in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the "Path to Understanding Cancer" curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. DESIGN: A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. METHODS: Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 2009-2012) in which 67 CHWs each created a personal 2-3 minute cancer-related digital story. Participant-chosen digital story topics included tobacco cessation, the importance of recommended cancer screening exams, cancer survivorship, loss, grief and end-of-life comfort care, and self-care as patient care providers. All participants completed an end-of-course written evaluation. In July 2012, contact information was available for 48 participants, of whom 24 completed an internet survey. RESULTS: All 67 participants successfully completed a digital story which they shared and discussed with course members. On the written post-course evaluation, all participants reported that combining digital storytelling with cancer education supported their learning and was a culturally respectful way to provide health messages. Additionally, 62 of 67 CHWs reported that the course increased their confidence to share cancer information with their communities. Up to 3 years post-course, all 24 CHW survey respondents reported they had shown their digital story. Of note, 23 of 24 CHWs also reported change in their own behavior as a result of the experience. CONCLUSIONS: All CHWs, regardless of computer skills, successfully created a digital story as part of the cancer education course. CHWs reported that digital stories enhanced their learning and were a culturally respectful way to share cancer-related information. Digital storytelling gave the power of the media into the hands of CHWs to increase their cancer knowledge, facilitate patient and community cancer conversations, and promote cancer awareness and wellness.

Cueva M; Kuhnley R; Revels LJ; Cueva K; Dignan M; Lanier AP

2013-01-01

96

Digital Storytelling: The Arts and Preservice Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this presentation, the authors describe a journey of teachers in a graduate Fine Arts Methods course. The journey began with conversations about what art is and the nature of collections in exploring this question. Elements of visual literacy, storytelling and music were investigated. The final product was a Digital Story incorporating all of these elements into a teaching artifact that integrated the Arts into other content areas for K-8 students.

Vito M. Dipinto; Kaki Dipinto; Jennifer Rios

2012-01-01

97

Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs) in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. Methods. Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 2009–2012) in which 67 CHWs each created a personal 2–3 minute cancer-related digital story. Participant-chosen digital story topics included tobacco cessation, the importance of recommended cancer screening exams, cancer survivorship, loss, grief and end-of-life comfort care, and self-care as patient care providers. All participants completed an end-of-course written evaluation. In July 2012, contact information was available for 48 participants, of whom 24 completed an internet survey. Results. All 67 participants successfully completed a digital story which they shared and discussed with course members. On the written post-course evaluation, all participants reported that combining digital storytelling with cancer education supported their learning and was a culturally respectful way to provide health messages. Additionally, 62 of 67 CHWs reported that the course increased their confidence to share cancer information with their communities. Up to 3 years post-course, all 24 CHW survey respondents reported they had shown their digital story. Of note, 23 of 24 CHWs also reported change in their own behaviour as a result of the experience. Conclusions. All CHWs, regardless of computer skills, successfully created a digital story as part of the cancer education course. CHWs reported that digital stories enhanced their learning and were a culturally respectful way to share cancer-related information. Digital storytelling gave the power of the media into the hands of CHWs to increase their cancer knowledge, facilitate patient and community cancer conversations, and promote cancer awareness and wellness.

Melany Cueva; Regina Kuhnley; Laura J. Revels; Katie Cueva; Mark Dignan; Anne P. Lanier

2013-01-01

98

Transchromatic generalized character maps  

CERN Multimedia

In "Generalized Group Characters and Complex Oriented Cohomology Theories", Hopkins, Kuhn, and Ravenel develop a way to study cohomology rings of the form E^*(BG) in terms of a character map. The character map can be interpreted as a map of cohomology theories beginning with a height n cohomology theory E and landing in a height 0 cohomology theory with a rational algebra of coefficients that is constructed out of E. In this paper we use the language of p-divisible groups to extend their construction for Morava E-theory so that the character map can land in every height t between 0 and n.

Stapleton, Nathaniel J

2011-01-01

99

Interactive Digital Storytelling: Towards a Hybrid Conceptual Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

1 Introduction In this contribution, Interactive Digital Storytelling is viewed as a hybrid form of game design and cinematic storytelling for the understanding and making of future learning and entertainment applications. The paper shall present formal design models that provide a conceptual bridge...

Spierling, Ulrike

100

Digital Storytelling in Australia: Academic Perspectives and Reflections  

Science.gov (United States)

|This project explored the experiences of a small sample (N = 6) of Australian academics with the use of digital storytelling as a pedagogical tool in higher education contexts. This article describes two case studies of academic uses of digital storytelling, along with interpretive analysis of six semi-structured interviews of academics working…

Clarke, Robert; Adam, Andrea

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Sites of Possibility: Applied Theatre and Digital Storytelling with Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

|As a process for engaging marginalised voices in the social/cultural economy of the media, digital storytelling has garnered much attention from media artists, community organisers and scholars since the early 1990s. The practice of digital storytelling, or the making and sharing of personal narratives through recorded voice-overs, digital…

Alrutz, Megan

2013-01-01

102

Digital Storytelling as a Signature Pedagogy for the New Humanities  

Science.gov (United States)

|This essay argues that digital storytelling is a hybrid, multimedia narrative form that enables critical and creative theorizing. As an assets-based social pedagogy, digital storytelling constructs a safe and empowering space for cross-cultural collaboration and learning. As illustration, the essay analyzes in detail one student story, using as…

Benmayor, Rina

2008-01-01

103

The Roles of Participants in a Storytelling Event  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the paper the roles adopted during the storytelling event by individual participants are discussed. During field research carried out in the Bovec area in the northwest part of Slovenia, whole storytelling meetings, at which a number of folklore events (complete stories) occurred, were audio-recorded. Phonetic transcriptions of these meetings were made from the recorded material, including next to the stories also the participants’ conversations in-between the stories. On the basis of the functions of active interventions in the storytelling process, it is possible to categorise recipients under six roles: motivator, assistant, inquirer, yea-sayer/nay-sayer, complementor and commentator. A higherdiversity of roles of the participants is obvious in groups of three or more participants, particularly if there is at least one recipient who knows the storyteller’s repertoire.

Barbara Ivan?i? Kutin

2007-01-01

104

Living in a Box, or a Genie in a Bottle? Archives as a Backbone for Corporate Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Corporate storytelling can be an instrument for evidence-based management. This requires that the prevailing stories are built upon verifiable facts. Archival records are perhaps the best source for identifying these. A sound culture for storytelling should be built upon good archives actively used to verify and develop narratives about the company. As an example this article presents a short analysis of multimodal texts from the Norwegian oil company Statoil based on common theories of texts and narratives. We found that archival records from Statoil’s first years of activity give evidence that the company has been living up to its value statements. The company’s current values; open, courageous, hands-on & caring, thus seem to be well founded in the corporate history. The value statements therefore may be regarded as suitable guiding concepts for robust corporate storytelling.

Ine Fintland; Janet B. Martin; Geir S. Braut

2013-01-01

105

Challenging the shock of reality through digital storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The transition from student to qualified nurse is widely acknowledged to entail a difficult period of adjustment, involving significant personal and professional challenges. Kramer [1974. Reality Shock--Why Nurses Leave Nursing. Mosby, St. Louis] originally described this as a "reality shock" due to the dissonance experienced between the expectations of the newly qualified nurse and the actuality of clinical practice. This experience continues to be echoed throughout the literature exploring factors influencing the quality of compassionate care, post-qualification support strategies, and attrition rates. Despite this, the phenomenon of a reality shock appears to have been accepted as an inevitable aspect of professional socialisation. This paper aims to report on an educational development which attempted to challenge these negative experiences and outcomes. The Division of Nursing at the University of Nottingham worked alongside the Patient Voices Programme (www.patientvoices.org.uk) to create reflective digital stories of newly qualified nurses. In their own words and using personal photos, the newly qualified nurses relate stories about an event that they have found particularly challenging during the transition from student to nurse. The stories were intended to provide opportunities for future students to learn and educationalists to reconsider the curriculum to facilitate preparation for the world of clinical practice. A learning environment was developed and piloted that utilises the digital stories to encourage student nurses to reflect upon the challenges of this transition by engaging with the storytellers, empathising with their experience and considering ways they might respond in similar situations. Evaluation of this educational forum suggests that the digital stories offer the audience a unique opportunity to walk in the shoes of the storyteller. As a consequence, an altered story might be told through encouraging newly qualified nurses to develop their core strengths and, in doing so, maintain their capacity to care.

Stacey G; Hardy P

2011-03-01

106

Challenging the shock of reality through digital storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

The transition from student to qualified nurse is widely acknowledged to entail a difficult period of adjustment, involving significant personal and professional challenges. Kramer [1974. Reality Shock--Why Nurses Leave Nursing. Mosby, St. Louis] originally described this as a "reality shock" due to the dissonance experienced between the expectations of the newly qualified nurse and the actuality of clinical practice. This experience continues to be echoed throughout the literature exploring factors influencing the quality of compassionate care, post-qualification support strategies, and attrition rates. Despite this, the phenomenon of a reality shock appears to have been accepted as an inevitable aspect of professional socialisation. This paper aims to report on an educational development which attempted to challenge these negative experiences and outcomes. The Division of Nursing at the University of Nottingham worked alongside the Patient Voices Programme (www.patientvoices.org.uk) to create reflective digital stories of newly qualified nurses. In their own words and using personal photos, the newly qualified nurses relate stories about an event that they have found particularly challenging during the transition from student to nurse. The stories were intended to provide opportunities for future students to learn and educationalists to reconsider the curriculum to facilitate preparation for the world of clinical practice. A learning environment was developed and piloted that utilises the digital stories to encourage student nurses to reflect upon the challenges of this transition by engaging with the storytellers, empathising with their experience and considering ways they might respond in similar situations. Evaluation of this educational forum suggests that the digital stories offer the audience a unique opportunity to walk in the shoes of the storyteller. As a consequence, an altered story might be told through encouraging newly qualified nurses to develop their core strengths and, in doing so, maintain their capacity to care. PMID:20829115

Stacey, Gemma; Hardy, Pip

2010-09-09

107

Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of child...

Hartling Lisa; Scott Shannon; Pandya Rena; Johnson David; Bishop Ted; Klassen Terry P

108

Irradiation effect on growth development and offsprings character of millet in the stratosphere  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A significant influence on vegetative growth and character variation in offsprings of millet by irradiation in the stratosphere were investigated. The experimental results showed that germinating viability increased by 21.1%, plant height reduced 6.8 cm compared with control. The dynamics growth pattern of leaf length was a double-peak curve. The difference in length and width of leaves between control and treatment was shown as a sine-linear curve. Spike weight, spike length and flay leaf size were obviously higher than those of control. Various mutants with recessive traits in SP2 were found. The strains with larger spike were stable in SP3. Significant variations in spike length, spike weight, protein content and fatty acid content were observed

1996-01-01

109

Preventing negative behaviors among elementary-school students through enhancing students' social-emotional and character development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Purpose. Examine the effects of a comprehensive, school-wide social-emotional and character development program using a positive youth development perspective. Specifically, we examined a mediation mechanism whereby positive academic-related behaviors mediated the intervention effects on substance use, violence, and sexual activity. Design. Matched-pair, cluster-randomized, controlled design. Setting. Twenty (10 intervention and 10 control) racially/ethnically diverse schools in Hawaii. Subjects. Elementary-aged students (N = 1784) from grade 5. Intervention. The Positive Action program. Measures. Students self-reported their academic behaviors, together with their substance use, violence, and voluntary sexual activity; teachers rated students' academic behaviors, substance use, and violence. Analysis. Structural equation modeling. Results. Students attending intervention schools reported significantly better academic behavior (B = .273, SE = .039, p < .001) and significantly less substance use (B = -.970, SE = .292, p < .01, incidence-rate ratio [IRR] = .379), violence (B = -1.410, SE = .296, p < .001, IRR = .244), and sexual activity (B = -2.415, SE = .608, p < .001, odds ratio = .089); boys reported more negative behaviors than girls. Intervention effects on student-reported substance use, violence, and sexual activity were mediated by positive academic behavior. Teacher reports corroborated these results, with rated academic behavior partially mediating the effects of the intervention on rated negative behaviors. Conclusion. This study (1) provides evidence that adds insight into one mechanism through which a social-emotional and character development program affects negative outcomes and (2) supports social-emotional and character development and positive youth development perspectives that posit that focusing on youths' assets may reduce negative behaviors. PMID:23470183

Snyder, Frank J; Acock, Alan C; Vuchinich, Samuel; Beets, Michael W; Washburn, Isaac J; Flay, Brian R

2013-03-07

110

Preventing Negative Behaviors Among Elementary-School Students Through Enhancing Students' Social-Emotional and Character Development.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract Purpose. Examine the effects of a comprehensive, school-wide social-emotional and character development program using a positive youth development perspective. Specifically, we examined a mediation mechanism whereby positive academic-related behaviors mediated the intervention effects on substance use, violence, and sexual activity. Design. Matched-pair, cluster-randomized, controlled design. Setting. Twenty (10 intervention and 10 control) racially/ethnically diverse schools in Hawaii. Subjects. Elementary-aged students (N = 1784) from grade 5. Intervention. The Positive Action program. Measures. Students self-reported their academic behaviors, together with their substance use, violence, and voluntary sexual activity; teachers rated students' academic behaviors, substance use, and violence. Analysis. Structural equation modeling. Results. Students attending intervention schools reported significantly better academic behavior (B = .273, SE = .039, p < .001) and significantly less substance use (B = -.970, SE = .292, p < .01, incidence-rate ratio [IRR] = .379), violence (B = -1.410, SE = .296, p < .001, IRR = .244), and sexual activity (B = -2.415, SE = .608, p < .001, odds ratio = .089); boys reported more negative behaviors than girls. Intervention effects on student-reported substance use, violence, and sexual activity were mediated by positive academic behavior. Teacher reports corroborated these results, with rated academic behavior partially mediating the effects of the intervention on rated negative behaviors. Conclusion. This study (1) provides evidence that adds insight into one mechanism through which a social-emotional and character development program affects negative outcomes and (2) supports social-emotional and character development and positive youth development perspectives that posit that focusing on youths' assets may reduce negative behaviors.

Snyder FJ; Acock AC; Vuchinich S; Beets MW; Washburn IJ; Flay BR

2013-03-01

111

The four truths of the storyteller.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A well-told story's power to captivate and inspire people has been recognized for thousands of years. Peter Guber is in the business of creating compelling stories: He has headed several entertainment companies--including Sony Pictures, PolyGram, and Columbia Pictures--and produced Rain Man, Batman, and The Color Purple, among many other movies. In this article, he offers a method for effectively exercising that power. For a story to enrapture its listeners, says Guber, it must be true to the teller, embodying his or her deepest values and conveying them with candor; true to the audience, delivering on the promise that it will be worth people's time by acknowledging listeners' needs and involving them in the narrative; true to the moment, appropriately matching the context--whether it's an address to 2,000 customers or a chat with a colleague over drinks--yet flexible enough to allow for improvisation; and true to the mission, conveying the teller's passion for the worthy endeavor that the story illustrates and enlisting support for it. In this article, Guber's advice--distilled not only from his years in the entertainment industry but also from an intense discussion over dinner one evening with storytelling experts from various walks of life--is illustrated with numerous examples of effective storytelling from business and elsewhere. Perhaps the most startling is a colorful anecdote about how Guber's own impromptu use of storytelling, while standing on the deck of a ship in Havana harbor, won Fidel Castro's grudging support for a film project.

Guber P

2007-12-01

112

Twelve tips for using digital storytelling to promote reflective learning by medical students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital storytelling has potential to motivate students to engage in reflective learning since it uses a range of new technologies and multimedia that are more familiar to young people. The use of visual and audio media offers creative opportunities that can motivate students to develop deeper learning. A structured approach to creating a digital story is essential so that its potential is achieved. PMID:18946821

Sandars, John; Murray, Christopher; Pellow, Andy

2008-01-01

113

Telling Tales with Technology: Digital Storytelling Is a New Twist on the Ancient Art of the Oral Narrative  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article describes the history and events behind the development and progress of the San Francisco Digital Center--now known as the Center for Digital Storytelling (CDS). First-hand accounts and reactions from local educators and the director of technology for the county that houses CDS are provided. The article also demonstrates how digital…

Salpeter, Judy

2005-01-01

114

Aporia – Exploring Continuation Desire in a Game focused on Environmental Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper is a reflective description of the development and the evaluation of the experimental game ‘Aporia’. The project demonstrates an exploration of interactive environmental storytelling and an evaluation of engagement as measured by continuation desire in a non-violent first-person computer game. The test method involves the interruption of the player during gameplay at specific points and assessing their desire to continue. The objective of the interactive experience in the game is to convey a pre-written story through environmental storytelling by the use of pictorial cues in an immersive, atmospheric and aesthetic environment. The findings suggest that Aporia appears as a non-linear emergent narrative experience with a high level of engagement facilitating a desire to continue playing the game.

Bevensee, S.H.; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

115

Storytelling and Science Under the Stars  

Science.gov (United States)

This summer the Aspen Center for Physics and the Aspen Science Center collaborated with a small team of astrophysicists to host a joint stargazing, storytelling, ask an astronomer, and ice cream social event. The team consisted of staff members from the ACP and the ASC, four visting professional astrophysicists, and professional storytellers from the international organization "Spellbinders" (including the two founders). The event kicked off with liquid nitrogen ice cream making, which was a big hit with the more than 150 people in attendance. At dusk we divided into 4 groups and teams of two (a Spellbinder and an astrophysicist) circulated from group to group telling stories about the sky from all over the world, and answering questions about planets, stars, galaxies, and black holes. Three small telescopes focused on Saturn and lines formed after it finally got dark. I'll discuss how we put this event together, why it is important to join science and culture in order to engage the public, and how fantastic the stars are for creating this union.

Haggard, Daryl

2013-01-01

116

Direct and Mediated Effects of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program on Adolescent Substance Use  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mitigating and preventing substance use among adolescents requires approaches that address the multitude of factors that influence this behavior. Such approaches must be tested, not only for evidence of empirical effectiveness, but also to determine the mechanisms by which they are successful. The aims of the present study were twofold: 1) To determine the effectiveness of a school-based social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, Positive Action (PA), in reducing substance use (SU) among a sample of U.S. youth living in a low-income, urban environment, and 2) to test one mechanism by which the program achieves its success. We used longitudinal mediation analysis to test the hypotheses that: 1) students attending PA intervention schools engage in significantly less SU than students attending control schools, 2) students attending PA intervention schools show significantly better change in SECD than students attending control schools, and 3) the effect of the PA intervention on SU is mediated by the change in SECD. Analyses revealed program effects on both SECD and SU, a relationship between SECD and SU, and the effects of PA on SU were completely mediated by changes in SECD. Future research directions and implications for school-based social-emotional and character development efforts and substance use prevention are addressed.

Kendra M. Lewis; Niloofar Bavarian; Frank J. Snyder; Alan Acock; Joseph Day; David L. DuBois; Peter Ji; Marc B. Schure; Naida Silverthorn; Samuel Vuchinich; Brian R. Flay

2012-01-01

117

Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty and strengthen the organisation’s brand and reputation. Literature reviewed in this paper demonstrates employees who are more engaged with, and have a deep trust for, their employer are more likely to feel buoyant about their work and conduct themselves in a constructive manner, which may translate into stronger internal and external reputation. The use of corporate stories as an internal PR communication strategy can strengthen the likelihood of employees becoming reputation champions for their organisation.Key words: Corporate storytelling; Employer engagement; Employer-emeployee relationships; Internalcommunication

Rob Gill

2011-01-01

118

Digitales Storytelling Eine Einführung in neue Formen des Qualitätsjournalismus  

CERN Multimedia

Das Buch gibt einen Einblick in die neuen Erzählweisen des digitalen Journalismus. Es untersucht die Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die Medienbranche und den mit ihr verbundenen Wandel journalistischer Darstellungsformen. Dabei geht es auch um die Möglichkeiten des journalistischen Storytellings auf mobilen Endgeräten wie Tablet-Computern. Es wird eine neuartige Typologie von Darstellungsformen entwickelt, die u¨ber die klassischen Text-, Audio- und Fernsehformate hinaus digitales Storytelling ermöglicht.

Sturm, Simon

2013-01-01

119

Digital storytelling and community branding  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on experiences from a research and development project on user-generated audiovisual content and broadband, our paper will present and discuss a number of videos created by two very different groups of users - young people aged approx. 15 years and a group of people of 60 - 75 years old. The a...

Rasmussen, Tove Arendt; Kofoed, Peter

120

Digital storytelling and community branding  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Based on experiences from a research and development project on user-generated audiovisual content and broadband, our paper will present and discuss a number of videos created by two very different groups of users - young people aged approx. 15 years and a group of people of 60 - 75 years old. The aim of the user involvement project was to investigate the newest trends of user-generated content on sites such as YouTube and BBC Video Nation and test possibilities of local or regional user involvement in creating a platform for local, audiovisual user-generated content.

Rasmussen, Tove Arendt; Kofoed, Peter

 
 
 
 
121

The characters and developments of therapy and research of neutron-induced acute radiation sickness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neutron radiation will exert seriously lesions on body and lead to acute radiation sickness (ARS). Neutron induced ARS is characterized by complicated symptoms of gastrointestinal, high earlier death rate and lacking of specially therapeutic approaches. The primarily curable method is to treat patients with comprehensive means such as anti-infection, anti-bleeding and blood infusion, et. Cytokines can improve the hematopoietic functions of bone marrow. With the rapid development of the molecular biology and the emergence of cytokines such as recombinant human interleukin-11 that could help the regeneration of the gastrointestinal mucosa, neutron-induced ARS will be treated with new methods

2003-01-01

122

Development of Plant Mutant Resources with an useful characters by Radiation Fusion Technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A mutation breeding is to use physical or chemical mutagens to induce mutagenesis, followed by individual selections with favorable traits. The mutation breeding has many advantages over other breeding methods, which include the usefulness for improving one or two inferior characteristics, applications to broad species with different reproductive systems or to diverse plant materials, native or plant introduction with narrow genetic background, time and cost-effectiveness, and valuable mutant resources for genomics researches. Recent applications of the radiation breeding techniques to developments of flowering plants or food crops with improved functional constituents heightened the public's interests in agriculture and in our genetic resources and seed industries. The goals of this project, therefore, include achieving advances in domestic seed industries and agricultural productivities by developing and using new radiation mutants with favored traits, protecting an intellectual property right of domestic seeds or germplasms, and sharing the valuable mutants and mutated gene information for the genomics and biotech researches that eventually leads to economic benefits

2009-01-01

123

Digital storytelling in second language learning : A qualitative study on students’ reflections on potentials for learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study focuses on the educational use of digital storytelling within second language learning from an emic perspective. Digital storytelling, which can be described as a combination of the old storytelling tradition and new technology, was originally used for other purposes than education and le...

Normann, Anita

124

The big picture: storytelling ability in adults with autism spectrum conditions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Previous work on story-telling ability in autism spectrum conditions (ASC) has found a pattern of relatively intact use of story grammar in ASC narratives; however, prior analysis has concentrated primarily on whether specific story components are included, rather than how they are included. The present study analyzes an existing narrative dataset, concentrating on the kind of information that individuals with and without high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome include about story elements such as setting, character, conflict, and resolution. This analysis showed that individuals with ASC are biased toward providing local over global details about each element, regardless of whether the element involved mental content. These results are discussed in terms of the Weak Central Coherence and Hyper-Systemizing theories.

Barnes JL; Baron-Cohen S

2012-08-01

125

Project Aporia : An Exploration of Narrative Understanding of Environmental Storytelling in an Open World Scenario  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The genre of interactive narratives in computer games has been researched extensively in the past. However, it still seems that there is a potential for investigating how a narrative can be conveyed solely through environmental storytelling. This paper reports an experimental study which examines the understanding of a pre-written story which is mediated without the use of characters, dialogue, or words and only through the environment in the prototypical game 'Aporia'. The evaluation of the story construction in Aporia analyses and quantifies written open-ended answers and compares them to the pre-defined elements of the story. The findings indicate that Aporia mediates a narrative potential, which generates emergent narratives among users rather than mediating an embedded and evoked narrative. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bevensee, S. H; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

126

Tent-Poles of the Blockbuster : How Transmedia Storytelling can Spin off a Mainstream Blockbuster  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In 2005 the first book in the ‘Twilight’ series by Stephanie Meyer was released. The series consists of four books, the last one ‘Breaking Dawn’ published in 2008. The series were developed into four movies, the last one released in late 2012. In 2011 E. L. James published her trilogy ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, a spin-of the Twilight series and originally written as a fanfiction story on fanfiction.net. Both stories became so-called blockbusters, the latter even more successful than the original story (fastest selling novel ever as of 2012). While Meyer’s story tells the love story of Bella, a human, and Edward, a vampire, James’ story is about Ana, a newly graduated college student, and Christian Grey, a millionaire. Meyer’s story evolves around the problematic relationship between a human and a vampire, while the fulcrum of James’ story is the developing BDSM relationship between the two main characters, creating the notion of housewife porn. In the article the authors take a look into how transmedia storytelling, in the form of fanfiction, inspired by a blockbuster, Twilight, becomes the basis of another blockbuster, Fifty Shades of Grey. The hypothesis of the article being transmedia in the form of social media and the tightly knit communities of fanfiction writers and commenters are able to become co-creators and thus stakeholders of a given story, telling and retelling it, and thus creating a larger audience and attention through the use of media like tumblr, twitter, facebook, and the like, and in the process expanding the possible tie-ins and spin-offs from the original story’s tentpole. The article will explain the intricacies of fanfiction and the special target group, women, as well as the impact of social media on changing customers into co-creators and stakeholders, leaving the original producer with a limited power as to what is distributed on the Internet, giving the co-creator the possibility to use bridges and tie-ins from the original source to develop their own blockbuster. Other perspectives on the above will be provided by delving into the terms of ‘suspension of disbelief’, ‘world-building’, and ‘subcreation’, as well as the ethical aspects of co-creating – both with respect to the original work as opposed to fanfiction, as well as the co-creational aspects in beta’ing and commenting on work in progress in a fanfiction community.

Vistisen, Peter; Jensen, Thessa

127

Bal?kesir Masal Anlat?c?lar?n?n Dil ve Üslubu (The Language And Style of The Story-Tellers from Bal?kesir)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Language And Style of The Story-Tellers from Bal?kesirThe Basis of the Research: Tales/stories are important items of our heritage. Like our other oral products, tales have a function which perpetuates our culture in its structure and also reflects and carries it to the coming generation.As is known, tales have a specific and visible structures and forms. When tales are transferred to the coming generations, this structure maintains itself and does not change. In tales, the usage of these factors, which we call it as formal, shows or contains some differences according to the story-tellers’ proficiency or mastery. In addition to these differences, some sayings, which the teller adds to the tale /story by himself /herself related to his (or her) character and the atmosphere which he (or she) was grown up are effective factors in formation of the language and style of the tale /story.The Aim of the Research: To stabilize the language and style of the tale that is generally an oral literature product by using the language and the style of the story-tellers from Balikesir.Data Sources: The tales which are compiled from Balikesir.Discussion and Result: One story-teller must maintain the formal structure that the tradition/ custom requires while he (or she) is spinning a yarn. Moreover, the story-teller includes the surprising expressions, the style of address or vocative sayings to the listeners who are across him/her, such feelings as anger and love, which they show the heroes of the tale, in the structure of the story /tale. Finally, the tradition / custom and the story-teller determine the language and style of the tale. In this notice, the language and the style by the story-tellers in Balikesir, which the tradition of the story or tale requires and which is separately formed as a result of some factors / components being added to the story involuntarily afterwards while telling the story, will be emphasized.

Sat? Kumarta?l?o?lu

2009-01-01

128

The Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling in the College Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the fall of 2008, Rachel Raimist and Walter Jacobs collaborativelydesigned and taught the course “Digital Storytelling in and withCommunities of Color” to 18 undergraduate students from a variety ofdisciplines. Candance Doerr-Stevens audited the class as a graduate student.This article examines the media making processes of the students in thecourse, asking how participants used digital storytelling to engage withthemselves and the media through content creation that both mimicked andcritiqued current media messages. In particular, students used the medium ofdigital storytelling to build and revise identities for purposes of rememory,reinvention, and cultural remixing. We provide a detailed online account ofthe digital stories and composing processes of the students through the samemultimedia genre that the students were asked to use, that of digitalstorytelling.

Rachel Raimist; Candance Doerr-Stevens; Walter Jacobs

2010-01-01

129

Interactive Narrator in Ludic Space : A Dynamic Story Plot underneath the Framework of MMORPGs Storytelling System  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

For decades, the development of digital interactive storytelling in games has been of interest to many researchers. Some scholars have studied the expert system which dynamically creates plots for players, while other scholars investigate the story structure. However, the latter mostly focuses on the micro story level of storytelling structure (Begin-Middle-End). This paper describes the framework for a games writer in MMORPGs as a non-linear narrative, in which a gameplayer takes the role of a digital story writer in a magic cycle. It proposes an extended storytelling framework to a games writer. The framework is developed based on 3 prior theoretical notions: the Story structure, Dramatic structure (Freytag's Pyramid), and Hero’s Journey model (Campbell). The story structure is founded by Aristotle in his Poetics (c. 335 BC), but is now considered the basis of digital narrative. Hero’s Journey model is the basic of three structure story proposed by Cambel. Developing the framework, the study investigated forty Quests (quest stories) from players during gameplay in World of Warcraft, and employed the plot analysis to deconstruct game storylines. This framework is deeply focusing on the plot point of game-story and develops further to the multi-plot point structure. To analyze the gameplay data in this study, the emotional experience and learning content are considered for the plot investigation. This study is sets out to examine the assumption that, when players play games in a semiotic domain of visual grammar, they simultaneously interpret meaning and produce the storyline per se. The result shows that (1) gameplayers create distinctive story plots which are shown by the story graphs in a freedom of Ludic space, (2) each quest has the different of story plot patterns; although, it has likewise a storyline pattern. To summarize, from the results, the paper proposes the multi-plot point framework which creates the concept of the game story movement for applying in game-story design for learning purposes.

Nobaew, Banphot; Ryberg, Thomas

2012-01-01

130

Evaluating a Personal Learning Environment for Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evaluation of flexible and personal learning environments is extremely challenging. It should not be limited to the assessment of products, but should address the quality of educative experience with close monitoring. The evaluation of a PLE using digital storytelling is even more complicated, due to the unpredictability of the usage scenarios. This paper presents an evaluation methodology for PLEs using digital storytelling, using a participatory design approach. The results from an open validation trial indicate that this methodology is able to incorporate all necessary factors and that the selected evaluation tools are appropriate for addressing the quality of educative experience.

Nikolaos Marianos; Madalina Ungur; Nikos Manouselis

2011-01-01

131

From Tabletop RPG to Interactive Storytelling: Definition of a Story Manager for Videogames  

Science.gov (United States)

Adding narrative in computer game is complicated because it may restrict player interactivity. Our aim is to design a controller that dynamically built a plot, through the game execution, centred on player's actions. Tabletop Role-playing games manage to deal with this goal. This paper presents a study of role-playing games, their organization, and the models commonly used for narrative generation. It then deduces a proposition of components and data structures for interactive storytelling in videogames. A prototype of a social game has been developed as example.

Delmas, Guylain; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

132

Character Education: Christian Education Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Character is defined broadly by leading authorities, including concepts such as practicing apt behavior and teaching right from wrong. Virtue and moral undertones tend to pervade most experts' use of character, although in secular settings, the notion of ethics is more prominent. Overall, developing in students a desire for the good is how most…

Wilhelm, Gretchen M.; Firmin, Michael W.

2008-01-01

133

Storytelling : A Study of Marketing Communication in the Hospitality Industry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is an information surplus in the marketplace today and finding marketing resources that are both effective and affordable is difficult. As quantity and price has lost its competitive power and quality and symbolic meaning has become increasingly important, storytelling as a marketing mean can ...

Ågren, Maria; Ölund, Martina

134

Engaging Gender: Student Application of Theory through Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|Enabling students' engagement with gender theory can be a difficult task. One of the best ways to help students learn difficult conceptual material, such as theoretical texts, is to provide them with opportunities to state and restate those ideas in multiple ways and through multiple means. Digital storytelling provides an effective pedagogy that…

Coventry, Michael

2008-01-01

135

Reframing the Praxis of School Leadership Preparation through Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article introduces a social innovation that contributes to the formation of educational leaders. Digital storytelling is employed as a process for data creation, analysis, and synthesis. Emerging educational leaders are guided through a process to better understand the experiences and social constructs that inform their identity. Through a…

Guajardo, Miguel; Oliver, John A.; Rodriguez, Gregory; Valadez, Monica M.; Cantu, Yvette; Guajardo, Francisco

2011-01-01

136

Indigenous Digital Storytelling in Video: Witnessing with Alma Desjarlais  

Science.gov (United States)

|Indigenous digital storytelling in video is a way of witnessing the stories of Indigenous communities and Elders, including what has happened and is happening in the lives and work of Indigenous peoples. Witnessing includes acts of remembrance in which we look back to reinterpret and recreate our relationship to the past in order to understand…

Iseke, Judy M.

2011-01-01

137

A Methodology to Validate Interactive Storytelling Scenarios in Linear Logic  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Debugging is one of the main requirements for Interactive Storytelling (IS) authoring tools. During the authoring phase, authors have to specify large numbers of rules and actions as well as consider many possible paths. As a consequence, flaws may happen and finding them "by hand" is complex. There...

Dang, Kim Dung; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

138

What Educators Should Know about Teaching Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they have learned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, and supervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digital storytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIE instructional design framework and are…

Robin, Bernard R.; McNeil, Sara G.

2012-01-01

139

Crafting an Agentive Self: Case Studies of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|Drawing on data from a multi-year digital storytelling project, this comparative case study offers portraits of two emerging authors--one a child and the other a young adult--who used multiple media and modes to articulate pivotal moments in their lives and reflect on life trajectories. The conceptual framework blends recent scholarship on…

Hull, Glynda A.; Katz, Mira-Lisa

2006-01-01

140

Storytelling & conversation to improve the fun factor in software applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a programmable factor of user fun and satisfaction for information systems, so-called 'serious' applications. Fun and enjoyment is attained through a usercentered view of the information presentation, especially through a programmable narrative approach to storytelling and conve...

Braun, N.

 
 
 
 
141

Digital Storytelling: Extending the Potential for Struggling Writers  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is a viable tool to help struggling writers resist the social position of struggling writer that is often exacerbated by state-mandated writing assessments. While some writers may struggle with traditional literacy, tapping into new literacies may boost their motivation and scaffold their understanding of traditional…

Sylvester, Ruth; Greenidge, Wendy-lou

2009-01-01

142

The New Digital Storytelling Creating Narratives with New Media  

CERN Document Server

People have been creating digital stories since before the Web began, but only recently have so many powerful mediums for sharing these stories become available to the general population. Today's digital storytelling is not just for tech-savvy individuals; anyone with a desire to express their creativity can learn to use modern technology to share their experiences.

Alexander, Bryan

2011-01-01

143

Digital Storytelling in Teacher Education: Creating Transformations through Narrative  

Science.gov (United States)

|Stories are important resources in the repertoire of the teacher. Storytelling is a powerful way in which to communicate experiences and to explore ideas. Using stories, the teacher takes her students on journeys of discovery that introduce them to new vistas of lived experience. In this article, the authors describe how they have used "digital…

Skouge, James R.; Rao, Kavita

2009-01-01

144

Children's Books as a Source of Influence on Gender Role Development: Analysis of Female Characters Using Jung's Four Archetypes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to answer this question: "Do children when choosing a book to read for pleasure receive a stereotypical impression of the female role as opposed to the male role as defined by the literature?" A qualitative study reviewed main female characters of the Children's Choice books of 2008 with Jung's archetypes (Great Good…

Mills, Shirley J.; Pankake, Anita; Schall, Janine

2010-01-01

145

Table-Top Gaming Narratology for Digital Interactive Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

In the current environment of digital games and immersive role playing systems, we often overlook previous methods of conveying and experiencing, interactive narrative-based entertainment. We present a fresh perspective on interactive digital storytelling systems based on table-top role playing games. Table-top games offer players the ability to negotiate and determine outcomes of a game with a referee. The nature of table-top gaming is such that players evolve, grow and maintain a rule set that represents an imaginary world. As such this form of gameplay provides a unique opportunity to study complex interactive storytelling structures under controlled circumstances. Using table-top role playing games as a model, we propose terminology and concepts that are different from the traditional literary or dramaturgical perspectives normally applied to interactive narrative systems.

van Velsen, Martin; Williams, Josh; Verhulsdonck, Gustav

146

Innovating a business model for services with storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In recent years, the notion of business models has been able to innovate the way companies create new business opportunities. However, because business models most often constitute on a complex interplay of several actors, there is a need to be able to explore the nature of a business model. This paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling and archetypes, and lead to the conclusion that they represent a valuable ap- proach to understanding and innovating business models.

Lund, Morten

2013-01-01

147

More than One Way to Tell a Story: Integrating Storytelling into Your Law Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling has been used in diverse educational settings. It is employed at all educational levels, from elementary schools to graduate schools. Approximately twenty years ago, law school professors began writing about the application of storytelling to various law school subjects as an alternative to the traditional case method. Legal scholars…

Steslow, Donna M.; Gardner, Carolyn

2011-01-01

148

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant…

Bou-Franch, Patricia

2012-01-01

149

Digital storytelling: a tool for expressing emotions - with instituionalised adolescents of paimio, Finland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of digital storytelling as a tool for expressing emotions among adolescents under custody is a relatively new concept in the field of mental health care. Digital Storytelling uses media such as video, sound, and still images in order to tell a narrative. This mode can also be utilized withi...

Kharel, Sarada

150

Digital Storytelling as a Pedagogical Tool within a Didactic Sequence in Foreign Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling constitutes a pedagogical tool for teachers to work on different linguistic skills while generating students' interest and attention. This study analyses the usefulness of including digital storytelling within a didactic sequence in order to work on linguistic routines such as greetings and leave-takings in English as a…

Torres, Agustin Reyes; Ponce, Eva Pich; Pastor, Ma Dolores Garcia

2012-01-01

151

Introducing Digital Storytelling to Influence the Behavior of Children and Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

|Storytelling as a creative counseling tool for children is well supported in counseling literature (Bradley, Whiting, Hendricks, Parr, & Jones, 2008; Burns, 2004; Pehrsson, 2005). Storytelling, whether in the form of oral, pictorial, written, or film media, has been an essential element in the lives of mankind throughout history (McClean, 2007).…

Sawyer, Cheryl B.; Willis, Jana M.

2011-01-01

152

Slowing Down, Talking Back, and Moving Forward: Some Reflections on Digital Storytelling in the Humanities Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

|Humanities teachers in higher education strive to locate and implement pedagogical approaches that allow our students to deepen their inquiry, to make significant intellectual connections, and to carry those questions and insights across the curriculum. Digital storytelling is one of those pedagogical approaches. Digital storytelling can create…

Leon, Sharon M.

2008-01-01

153

Digital Storytelling in the Middle Childhood Special Education Classroom: A Teacher's Story of Adaptations  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article chronicles one special educator's process of implementing adaptive instructional strategies in her middle school language arts classroom. Paige Michalski crafted adaptations for her students with disabilities in the curricular area of digital storytelling (Banaszewski, 2002; Dunn, 2000). Digital storytelling involves telling stories…

Michalski, Paige; Hodges, Dodi; Banister, Savilla

2005-01-01

154

Life Planning by Digital Storytelling in a Primary School in Rural Tanzania  

Science.gov (United States)

|Storytelling is one of the earliest forms of knowledge transfer, and parents often use it for teaching their children values and knowledge. Formal schooling, however, is less inclined to use storytelling as a vehicle for knowledge transfer, and even less as a vehicle for modern self-directed, student-centered, and constructionist pedagogy.…

Duveskog, Marcus; Tedre, Matti; Sedano, Carolina Islas; Sutinen, Erkki

2012-01-01

155

Unleashing the Power of Teenage Folklore: Research To Investigate the Power of Storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a study that investigated the effect teenage folklore storytelling has on the self-esteem of adolescents; its effect on building oral communication and storytelling skills; adolescent perceptions of the media center and public library; and cooperative ventures between school library media specialists and public librarians. (Contains 95…

Doll, Carol A.; Benedetti, Angelina; Carmody, Barbara; Reynolds, Tom; Brantigan, Nanna; Wilson-Lingbloom, Evie

2001-01-01

156

VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A VEHICLE LICENSE PLATE CHARACTER SEGMENTATION – A STUDY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available License plate recognition (LPR) plays a major role in this busy world, as the number of vehicles increases day by day, theft of vehicles, breaking traffic rules, entering restricted area are also increases linearly, so to block this act license plate recognition system is designed. License Plate Recognition (LPR) systems basically consist of 3 main processing steps such as: Detection of number plate, Segmentation of plate characters and Recognition of each character. Among this, character segmentation is a most challenging task, as the accuracy of the character recognition relies on the accuracy of the character segmentation. Problems of different lighting condition, adhesion, fracture, rivet, rotation degrades the accuracy of the character segmentation. So in order to overcome these problems and uplift the accuracy of character segmentation various algorithms are developed for this work. Purpose of this paper is to categorize the vehicle plate character and recognize the segmented characters.

V. Karthi Keyan; R. Sindhu; K. Anusha; D.S. Vijith

2013-01-01

157

Handwritten Marathi character (vowel) recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The work in this paper is deals with the recognition of handwritten Marathi vowels. Marathi is anIndo-Aryan language spoken by about 71 million people mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra andneighbouring states. Marathi is also spoken in Israel and Mauritius. Marathi is thought to be a descendent ofMaharashtri, one of the Prakrit languages which developed from Sanskrit. This work is based on invariantmoments for recognition of isolated Marathi Handwritten Characters and their divisions. The proposedtechnique is independent of size, slant, orientation, translation and other variations in handwrittencharacters. Handwritten Marathi Characters/Numerals are more complex for recognition than correspondingEnglish characters due to many possible variations in order, number, direction and shape of the constituentstrokes. The work treats isolated Characters as an image of 40X40 pixel size. Seven invariant centralmoments of the image and two additional feature sets are evaluated. 10 samples of each number from 20different writers have been sampled and prepared a database has been made. Seven central invariantmoments are evaluated for each character and its parts by dividing it by two different ways. In all, there are14 features corresponding to each character. The Gaussian Distribution Function has been adopted forclassification. The average success rate of some vowels is compatible.

Ajmire P.E.; Warkhede S.E.

2010-01-01

158

DIGITAL STORYTELLING: Kizoa, Animoto, and Photo Story 3  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Educators know that students create better projects when they are personally invested in the material (Brookhart, Bronowicz 2003; McInerney 2008; Braxton 2008). The rewards are particularly significant when students can exercise some degree of creativity in the process of developing their projects (Su 2009). Possibly this is a result of engaging both hemispheres of the brain (Tatar 2009), or otherwise simply a reflection of the human preference to employ creativity in any endeavor, including “work” related ones.One tried-and-true avenue for creative expression is through the use of stories or narratives. Simply including a narrative component may provide enough creative ammunition for students to feel that a particular assignment can be more interesting (Clark 2010), if their work is to be wrapped around a narrative format, such as a short story in favor of an essay or formal writing. But there are numerous free technology tools available today that take the process one step further, by injecting different editing options and high-end production values. Students do not merely assemble a story in words. They can now do it primarily with images, and many of the slideshow services online allow for text captions, dynamic transitions, special effects, and relevant animations. Students become videographers and directors as much as they function as storytellers. The slideshow builders thus do a better job than “old fashioned” essay/short story assignments at meeting the need of 21st century students, many of whom arrive at institutions of higher learning with at least an already-ingrained interest in such tools, if not explicit experience.Kizoa (www.kizoa.com) offers a simple menu-driven, Flash-based interface for users to craft slideshows with uploaded images, added text, transitions, animations, special effects, and music selected from their limited online repository or uploaded in mp3 format. Users drag images and any desired effects onto a timeline at the bottom of the screen, in a workflow reminiscent of most software used to edit home movies. The service is free, but much of the content (transitions, effects) provided are classified as premium content; to actually use or share a slideshow using that content, the user would need to upgrade to a paid account. If the slideshow was built using only the free content (which is a more limited selection), the slideshow can be shared on Facebook, or a URL can be sent by email. Once on the webpage, a user will also find code for embedding the slideshow into a blog or webpage. The Flash-based product cannot be downloaded; it must be kept current at Kizoa and linked to for the intended audience to view.

Kevin YEE; Jace HARGIS

2012-01-01

159

Fairy Grandmothers: Images of Storytelling Events in Nineteenth-Century Germany Fairy Grandmothers: Images of Storytelling Events in Nineteenth-Century Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Typical nineteenth?century German images of elderly female storytellers capture them in the act of relating Märchen to young children. When these images reached a mass public, they reinforced the idea of a timeless female oral tradition. As researchers of oral tales hardly ever recorded any actual female storytellers, the images belonged for the most part to a romantic myth of Germany?s past. Towards the end of the century, artists started to produce more realistic paintings of female storytellers. This coincided with the growing popularity of fairy?tale books which were indeed mostly read to children by women.Typical nineteenth?century German images of elderly female storytellers capture them in the act of relating Märchen to young children. When these images reached a mass public, they reinforced the idea of a timeless female oral tradition. As researchers of oral tales hardly ever recorded any actual female storytellers, the images belonged for the most part to a romantic myth of Germany?s past. Towards the end of the century, artists started to produce more realistic paintings of female storytellers. This coincided with the growing popularity of fairy?tale books which were indeed mostly read to children by women.

Willem de Blécourt

2010-01-01

160

The depressive character.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The depressive character is characterized by perpetual and unsuccessful efforts to maintain self-esteem and to avoid a sense of helplessness. Such individuals suffer from chronic depression which may or may not be masked, but which permeates their character. Although the condition is among the commonest seen in many of our clinics and practices, it remains without a generally accepted diagnostic form. It is suggested that the essential, clinical, dynamic, and structural features of the depressive character are: (1) consistently low self-esteem and a sense of helplessness, dependent object relations and chronic guilt; (2) self-directed aggression and masochism are frequent but not invariable; (3) extensive use of the mechanism of denial is as common as the previously described obsessional defenses seen in patients subject to psychotic depression; (4) often the depressive character suffers from intense oral envy; (5) depressive character traits may help to ward off any of the basic anxieties, namely, object loss, loss of love, castration anxiety, and superego anxiety (guilt) (6) the depressive character may be similar to a number of related disorders, namely, the obsessional character, hysterical characters with a large oral component, and depressive borderline states; (7) sensitivity to loss, sadness, and fragility of self-esteem makes the depressive character especially vulnerable to regression into overt depression; (8) the persistence of oral incorporative mechanisms, ambivalent, dependent object relations, ego versus superego tension with depressive affect, and sensitivity to loss are characteristic of the ego of the depressive character.

Kahn E

1975-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

A pediatric digital storytelling system for third year medical students: the virtual pediatric patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Computer-based patient simulations (CBPS) are common, effective, instructional methods for medical students, but have limitations. The goal of this project was to describe the development of a CBPS designed to overcome some of these limitations and to perform an online evaluation. METHODS: In 1996, patients and families experiencing a common pediatric problem were interviewed, photographed and a chart review completed. A digital storytelling template was developed: 1. patient's story, evaluation and clinical course, 2. problem-based approach to the evaluation, and 3. discussion of disease process. The media was digitized and placed onto the Internet. The digital stories and a 10-question online survey were pilot tested. Online survey responses were collected from 1999-2003. Overall use of the digital stories was measured by computer server logs and by the number of hyperlinks to the CBPS. RESULTS: Eight stories were created using this system. Over 4.5 years, 814,148 digital story pages were read by 362,351 users. Hyperlink citations from other websites to the CBPS were 108. Online survey respondents (N = 393) described the overall quality as excellent or very good (88.4%). The stores were clearly written (92%) at an appropriate level (91.4%). Respondents felt they could begin to evaluate a similar case presentation (95.4%), and would remember the case in the future (91%). CONCLUSIONS: A new type of CBPS, the digital storytelling system, has been developed and evaluated which and appears to be successful in overcoming some of the limitations of earlier CBPS by featuring patient's stories in their own words, by focusing on problems rather than diseases, and by having stories that are quick for students to work through.

D'Alessandro DM; Lewis TE; D'Alessandro MP

2004-07-01

162

Telling stories about story-tellers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are people who leave us with a text as their legacy. Their text. Sometimes it is a masterpiece, or a huge amount of work, a fertile and essential one. But there are people who leave us with something more, too: their words, their life. Rex Stainton-Rogers is one of them. An excessive, brilliant, entrepreneur, alive… human being. His words are our inheritance. His legacy are some of the most relevant social scientists from the new, emergent, generation, mostly in Great Britain, who are people trained, formed, by this exceptional character. His work, beyond the texts we’ve inherited, consisted on showing us life, truly the laboratory where knowledge is really given shape. So, those who shared with him a piece of his life, have had the privilege of being in contact with what makes knowledge passionate, what makes it useful, what which intoxicates you with pleasure. Rex died in February 1999 as he lived, free and splendid. A year later, her companion, Wendy Stainton-Rogers, organised a symposium to celebrate him, his life and his words with some of the people who owe the most to Rex life. Here you have the contribution we made that day.

Ibáñez Gracia, Tomás; Íñiguez, Lupicinio

2002-01-01

163

Don't Break the Memory Line: Social Memory, Digital Storytelling and Local Communities  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present and analyze some of the main results obtained by the empirical research carried out within the scope of the Socrates Grundtvig Project "Memory Line", that aimed at developing instruments and methodologies in order to help overcoming the intergenerational divide. The project aimed at training groups of elderly and young citizens, resident in the project partner countries, to collect records (stories, songs, poems, experiences, etc.) and to save them in a digital form, mainly by using the methodology of digital storytelling. Focus groups and interviews with people involved in the intergenerational ateliers have been carried out in order to gather a series of first hand evidences directly from the voices of people who were actively involved in the project, and to enable an ongoing monitoring and self evaluation of the project itself.

Ferri, Paolo; Mangiatordi, Andrea; Pozzali, Andrea

164

The challenges of being an insider in storytelling research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To describe the challenges related to being an 'insider' researcher in a study that uses a feminist-informed storytelling research design and to discuss practical strategies to manage these challenges. BACKGROUND: The positioning of the researcher in qualitative research has numerous methodological implications. Often, qualitative researchers share similar experiences or characteristics with their participants. Such an 'insider' position provides challenges for the researcher in conducting the research. Understanding these challenges and planning how to manage them is beneficial for the researcher and for the conduct of the project. DATA SOURCES: This paper is based on the research team's experience of undertaking a feminist-informed storytelling study exploring the experiences of Australian women providing long-term foster care. REVIEW METHODS: This paper provides a discussion of the methodology used in the investigation. DISCUSSION: Four challenges resulting from the insider status of the primary researcher were identified as affecting the research: assumed understanding, ensuring analytic objectivity, dealing with emotions and participants' expectations. Strategies to address these challenges include: 'participant probing', 'researcher reflexivity', review by an 'outsider' researcher, identifying the risk, debriefing, making the aims and use of study outcomes clear, and acknowledging participants' expectations. Methods to implement these strategies are described. CONCLUSION: The use of an insider researcher was beneficial to our study design and helped with recruitment and rapport, enabling collaboration and the generation of stories rich in content. By identifying the challenges associated with insider research and using strategies to mitigate them, researchers can effectively use an insider position in conjunction with a storytelling research design. ImplicaTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH/PRACTICE: Further investigation of the insider in different qualitative research designs would be useful in identifying challenges and benefits specific to those designs.

Blythe S; Wilkes L; Jackson D; Halcomb E

2013-01-01

165

Larval development of Notolopas brasiliensis Miers, 1886 (Brachyura: Majoidea: Pisidae) described from laboratory reared material and a reappraisal of the characters of Pisidae  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The complete larval stages of Notolopas brasiliensis are described from laboratory reared material, with emphasis on the external morphological features of Majoidea, and compare the morphology of N. brasiliensis with other genera of Pisidae. Larval development of N. brasiliensis consists of two zoeal stages and one megalopa. The duration mean of each zoeal stage was 4.2 ± 1.0 days for Zoea I and 3.8 ± 0.7 days for Zoea II, the megalopa instar appearing 8.1 ± 0.4 days after hatching. The characters previously used to define larval forms of Pisidae are either symplesiomorphic or potentially highly homoplastic. As well, was observed that there are no common sets of larval characters that would define Pisidae nowadays. However, was showed that only a combination of characters could differentiate Notolopas from other pisid genera.O completo desenvolvimento larval de Notolopas brasiliensis é descrito, a partir de material criado em laboratório, com ênfase na morfologia externa de Majoidea e comparado aos demais gêneros de Pisidae. O desenvolvimento larval de N. brasiliensis consiste em dois estágios de zoea e um de megalopa. A duração media de cada estágio foi de 4.2 ± 1.0 dias para a Zoea I e 3.8 ± 0.7 dias para a Zoea II, a megalopa aparece entre 8.1 ± 0.4 dias após a eclosão. Os caracteres previamente utilizados para definir as formas larvais de Pisidae ou são simplesiomórficos ou altamente homoplásticos. Foi observado que não existe um conjunto de caracteres capazes de definir Pisidae até o presente.Contudo foi mostrado que uma combinação de caracteres pode ser utilizada para diferenciar Notolopas dos demais gêneros da família.

William Santana; Fernando P.L. Marques; Adilson Fransozo; Giovana Bertini

2006-01-01

166

Storytelling and Repetitive Narratives for Design Empathy : Case Suomenlinna  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Today it is widely established in design research that empathy is an important part of creating a true understanding of user experience as a resource for design. A typical challenge is how to transmit the feeling of empathy acquired by user studies to designers who have not participated in the user study. In this paper, we show how we attained an empathic understanding through storytelling and aroused empathy to others using repetitive narratives in an experimental presentation bringing forth factual, reflective and experiential aspects of the user information. Taking as a starting point our experiences with the design project Suomenlinna Seclusive, we conclude with the potential of using narratives for invoking design empathy.

Fritsch, Jonas; Judice, Andrea

2007-01-01

167

Absence as Presence, Presence as Absence: Museological Storytelling in Berlin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines a long history of objects’ use in “telling stories,” and speculates on how museums and other art forms might encourage “narrations” while leaving story-telling to visitors or viewers. David Chipperfield’s 2009 “restoration” of Berlin’s Neues Museum made great efforts to preserve traces not only of the objects displayed inside, but to present an open-ended “narrative” of the building’s own history. Attempts at making historical sites “tell” stories have, meanwhile, also extended into other visual arts in Germany, of which the article examines several, discussing them in relation with the concept of “postmemory” and national narratives of identity.

Joshua Parker

2013-01-01

168

Say Anything: A Demonstration of Open Domain Interactive Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Say Anything is a text-based interactive digital storytelling application that differs from other systems in its emphasis on the ability of users to create a narrative in any domain that they wish. The user and computer take turns in writing sentences in an emerging fictional narrative where sentences contributed by the computer are selected from a collection of millions of personal stories extracted from Internet weblogs. In this demonstration, we will present the latest version of the Say Anything application and allow conference participants to author their own original stories using the system.

Swanson, Reid; Gordon, Andrew S.

169

Asymmetry in Reproductive Character Displacement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A commonly held view in studies of character displacement is that character states of both speciesare shifted in areas of sympatry. This view has been confirmed in an overwhelming number of cases for ecologicalcharacter displacement. Excluding species pairs in which one of the two interacting species is found onlywithin the distribution of the other species and species displaying gynogenesis, the pattern of reproductivecharacter displacement is asymmetrical in that the shift in character states between areas of symaptry andallopatry occurs in only one of the two interacting species. Hypotheses for the reasons behind this asymmetryin reproductive character displacement include (1) homogenization by gene flow, (2) other mechanisms of reproductiveisolation, and (3) sufficient reproductive isolation being provided by one of the interacting species exhibitinga pattern of reproductive character displacement. Because reproductive isolation can be achieved by divergenceat any point in a sequence of premating reproductive behaviors and postmating developments, it is necessaryto understand the mechanisms of reproductive isolation of two interacting taxa in areas of sympatry and allopatryand to analyze the relative contributions of potential factors to reproductive isolation to disentangle hypothesesfor the patterns of asymmetry.

Jang, Yikweon

2008-01-01

170

Social character of materialism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Scores for 170 undergraduates on Richins and Dawson's Materialism scale were correlated with scores on Kassarjian's Social Preference Scale, designed to measure individuals' character structure. A correlation of .26 between materialism and other-directed social character suggested that an externally oriented reference system guides materialists' perceptions, judgments, acquisitions, and possessions. PMID:10932571

Chatterjee, A; Hunt, J M; Kernan, J B

2000-06-01

171

Social character of materialism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Scores for 170 undergraduates on Richins and Dawson's Materialism scale were correlated with scores on Kassarjian's Social Preference Scale, designed to measure individuals' character structure. A correlation of .26 between materialism and other-directed social character suggested that an externally oriented reference system guides materialists' perceptions, judgments, acquisitions, and possessions.

Chatterjee A; Hunt JM; Kernan JB

2000-06-01

172

A Development of a System Enables Character Input and PC Operation via Voice for a Physically Disabled Person with a Speech Impediment  

Science.gov (United States)

We have designed and implemented a PC operation support system for a physically disabled person with a speech impediment via voice. Voice operation is an effective method for a physically disabled person with involuntary movement of the limbs and the head. We have applied a commercial speech recognition engine to develop our system for practical purposes. Adoption of a commercial engine reduces development cost and will contribute to make our system useful to another speech impediment people. We have customized commercial speech recognition engine so that it can recognize the utterance of a person with a speech impediment. We have restricted the words that the recognition engine recognizes and separated a target words from similar words in pronunciation to avoid misrecognition. Huge number of words registered in commercial speech recognition engines cause frequent misrecognition for speech impediments' utterance, because their utterance is not clear and unstable. We have solved this problem by narrowing the choice of input down in a small number and also by registering their ambiguous pronunciations in addition to the original ones. To realize all character inputs and all PC operation with a small number of words, we have designed multiple input modes with categorized dictionaries and have introduced two-step input in each mode except numeral input to enable correct operation with small number of words. The system we have developed is in practical level. The first author of this paper is physically disabled with a speech impediment. He has been able not only character input into PC but also to operate Windows system smoothly by using this system. He uses this system in his daily life. This paper is written by him with this system. At present, the speech recognition is customized to him. It is, however, possible to customize for other users by changing words and registering new pronunciation according to each user's utterance.

Tanioka, Toshimasa; Egashira, Hiroyuki; Takata, Mayumi; Okazaki, Yasuhisa; Watanabe, Kenzi; Kondo, Hiroki

173

Memory between old and new media. Rethinking storytelling as a performative practice to process, assess and create awareness of change in the world of secondary orality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling is old, but in our digital age its means are new. When an event of huge cultural significance occurs (such as the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the “Occupy Wall Street” Protest, or the coming of Boat-People to Europe) stories ricochet from TV to Internet, from cell phone to text message with a speed and proliferation unknown even a decade ago. We need new and effective ways to understand the making of cultural processes in a multi-media environment in order to learn and develop strategies to make sense of cultural shifts in a reduced and very limited span of time. My essay draws on research in both Memory Studies, Literary Studies and Media Ecology to open up the study of storytelling to old and new media psycho-dynamics so to start to develop a methodology of investigation that will facilitate a deeper understanding of the role of multimedia storytelling in the ways in which both individuals and groups cognitively and emotionally navigate profound cultural shift, as well as in the ways in which they create and preserve their memories through time and technological change.

Elena LAMBERTI

2012-01-01

174

The Hero’s Journey - Template-Based Storytelling for Ubiquitous Multimedia Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional communities in research domains including much fieldwork and mobile multimedia acquisition such as the domain of cultural heritage management lack support to create, access, organize and share multimedia within their communities. Digital storytelling is an excellent means to share knowledge represented by ubiquitous multimedia in communities. However, it is not easy for those professional communities to tell and share good digital stories, since they are amateurs in storytelling in many cases. This paper proposes the application of professional story templates to enhance (non-linear) digital storytelling with a template engine allowing users’ collaborative design, adaptation and mashing up of story templates. A prototype of the template engine YouTell TE was integrated in a community storytelling platform. A set of case studies demonstrates the usefulness of this approachadsf

Yiwei Cao; Ralf Klamma; Matthias Jarke

2011-01-01

175

Design and Implementation of the Interactive Space for Digital Storytelling (ISDS): The Cocktail Party  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the Interactive Space for Digital Storytelling (ISDS) which enables spatial interaction between the audience and the "media-actors" (i.e., recorded video clips of actors). The system features interaction modules to handle the response of the "spect-actor" (the participant) and manage the progress of the story, titled The Cocktail Party. Demonstration of the system proved its potential as a new interactive storytelling platform.

Kim, Yoonji; Chun, Taeksoo; Chae, Gunho; Ji, Hojoon; Yeo, Woon Seung

176

Different patterns and development characteristics of processing written logographic characters and alphabetic words: An ALE meta-analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The neural systems for phonological processing of written language have been well identified now, while models based on these neural systems are different for different language systems or age groups. Although each of such models is mostly concordant across different experiments, the results are sensitive to the experiment design and intersubject variability. Activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis can quantitatively synthesize the data from multiple studies and minimize the interstudy or intersubject differences. In this study, we performed two ALE meta-analysis experiments: one was to examine the neural activation patterns of the phonological processing of two different types of written languages and the other was to examine the development characteristics of such neural activation patterns based on both alphabetic language and logographic language data. The results of our first meta-analysis experiment were consistent with the meta-analysis which was based on the studies published before 2005. And there were new findings in our second meta-analysis experiment, where both adults and children groups showed great activation in the left frontal lobe, the left superior/middle temporal gyrus, and the bilateral middle/superior occipital gyrus. However, the activation of the left middle/inferior frontal gyrus was found increase with the development, and the activation was found decrease in the following areas: the right claustrum and inferior frontal gyrus, the left inferior/medial frontal gyrus, the left middle/superior temporal gyrus, the right cerebellum, and the bilateral fusiform gyrus. It seems that adults involve more phonological areas, whereas children involve more orthographic areas and semantic areas. Hum Brain Mapp, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Zhu L; Nie Y; Chang C; Gao JH; Niu Z

2013-09-01

177

A Comparative Analysis of Pausing in Child and Adult Storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The goals of the current study were (1) to assess differences in child and adult pausing, and (2) to determine whether characteristics of child and adult pausing can be explained by the same language variables. Spontaneous speech samples were obtained from ten 5-year-olds and their accompanying parent using a storytelling/retelling task. Analyses of pause frequency, duration, variation in durations, and pause location indicated that pause time decreased with retelling, but not with age group except when child and adult pausing was considered in its speech and language context. The results suggest that differences in child and adult pausing reflect differences in child and adult language, not in the cognitive resources allocated to language production.

Redford MA

2013-07-01

178

Character analysis using Fourier series  

CERN Multimedia

We show that character analysis using Fourier series is possible, at least when a mathematical character is considered. Previous approaches to character analysis are somewhat not in the spirit of harmonic analysis.

Reem, Daniel

2011-01-01

179

Apseudopsis adami, a new species of tanaidacean (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the NW Iberian Peninsula: postmarsupial development and remarks on morphological characters  

Science.gov (United States)

A new species of apseudomorph tanaidacean, Apseudopsis adami sp. nov., is described, including intraspecific variation, from specimens collected in the seagrass meadows of O Grove inlet (NW Iberian Peninsula, NE Atlantic). The new species is characterized by the unique combination of the following characters: pointed rostrum with rounded shoulders, four ventral propodal spines on pereopod 1, and posterolateral pointed apophyses on pereonites 2-5, regardless of the developmental stage of the individual. Two juvenile stages were identified before reaching maturity; early juvenile limbs are scarcely ornamented in comparison to the adults. Advanced juveniles represent the vast majority of the studied population, and the limb ornamentation is similar to that of the adults. Males show two different cheliped morphologies. After a preparatory stage, females pass through a sequence of copulatory instars followed by intermediate stages in which the female loses the ovisac after manca release. The number of segments of the antennular and antennal flagella and uropod endopods, as well as the development and ornamentation of the mandibular palp, are meristic changes that occur during development and allow rapid identification of the developmental instar.

Esquete, P.; Bamber, R. N.; Moreira, J.; Troncoso, J. S.

2012-12-01

180

Cinematography and character depiction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay investigates the ways in which cinematography can be used in depicting characters effectively in the motion picture medium. Since an aspiring filmmaker may be overwhelmed by the expansive field of cinematography, this essay aims to demystify and systematise this aspect of filmmaking. It combines information from written sources (mostly text books on filmmaking and cinematography) with observations made from viewing recent and older feature films. The knowledge is organised under the three main headings of lighting, camera view point and the camera’s mode of perception. The outcome is an accessible and systematised foundation for film makers to consult as an entry point into understanding the relationship between character depiction and cinematography:“Cinematography captures and expresses what a character isfeeling – their attitude towards the rest of the world, their interior state” Ian Gabriel, director of Forgiveness (2004) [personal interview 2009].

William Francis Nicholson

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Optical Character Recognition is a mobileapplication. It uses smart mobile phones of android platform. Thispaper combines the functionality of Optical CharacterRecognition and speech synthesizer. The objective is to developuser friendly application which performs image to speechconversion system using android phones. The OCR takes image asthe input, gets text from that image and then converts it intospeech. This system can be useful in various applications likebanking, legal industry, other industries, and home and officeautomation. It mainly designed for people who are unable to readany type of text documents. In this paper, the characterrecognition method is presented by using OCR technology andandroid phone with higher quality camera.

Ms. Ravina Mithe; Ms. Supriya Indalkar; Ms. Nilam Divekar

2013-01-01

182

The Media Laboratory, MIT Synthetic Characters Group  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We introduce the concept of a sympathetic interface forcontrolling a synthetic animated character in a 3D virtualenvironment. A plush doll embedded with wireless sensorsis used to manipulate the virtual character in an iconic andintentional manner. The interface extends from the novelphysical input device through interpretation of sensor datato the behavioral "brain" of the virtual character. Wediscuss the design of the interface and focus on its latestinstantiation in the Swamped! exhibit at SIGGRAPH '98.We also present what we learned from hundreds of casualusers, who ranged from young children to adults.KeywordsSympathetic interface, plush toy, synthetic character,physically-based interface, virtual world.INTRODUCTIONOur group's main research goal is to make interactivesynthetic characters, 3D virtual creatures whose simpleintelligence and emotion make them seem sentient andalive. This paper presents one aspect of the Swamped!research testbed being develope...

Michael Patrick Johnson; Andrew Wilson; Christopher Kline; Bruce Blumberg

183

Character Recognition Using Genetically Trained Neural Networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Computationally intelligent recognition of characters and symbols addresses a wide range of applications including foreign language translation and chemical formula identification. The combination of intelligent learning and optimization algorithms with layered neural structures offers powerful techniques for character recognition. These techniques were originally developed by Sandia National Laboratories for pattern and spectral analysis; however, their ability to optimize vast amounts of data make them ideal for character recognition. An adaptation of the Neural Network Designer soflsvare allows the user to create a neural network (NN_) trained by a genetic algorithm (GA) that correctly identifies multiple distinct characters. The initial successfid recognition of standard capital letters can be expanded to include chemical and mathematical symbols and alphabets of foreign languages, especially Arabic and Chinese. The FIN model constructed for this project uses a three layer feed-forward architecture. To facilitate the input of characters and symbols, a graphic user interface (GUI) has been developed to convert the traditional representation of each character or symbol to a bitmap. The 8 x 8 bitmap representations used for these tests are mapped onto the input nodes of the feed-forward neural network (FFNN) in a one-to-one correspondence. The input nodes feed forward into a hidden layer, and the hidden layer feeds into five output nodes correlated to possible character outcomes. During the training period the GA optimizes the weights of the NN until it can successfully recognize distinct characters. Systematic deviations from the base design test the network's range of applicability. Increasing capacity, the number of letters to be recognized, requires a nonlinear increase in the number of hidden layer neurodes. Optimal character recognition performance necessitates a minimum threshold for the number of cases when genetically training the net. And, the amount of noise significantly degrades character recognition efficiency, some of which can be overcome by adding noise during training and optimizing the form of the network's activation fimction.

Diniz, C.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

1998-10-01

184

Character factors through homotopy  

CERN Multimedia

We bring a linkage from representation theory of Lie groups to homotpy theory for maps between flag manifolds. As applications we derive from representation theory abundant families of homotopy classes of maps between flag manifolds whose induced cohomology homomorphisms can be read from the characters of the representations.

Duan, H

2005-01-01

185

Dirichlet Character Difference Graphs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We define Dirichlet character difference graphs and describe their basic properties, including the enumeration of triangles. In the case where the modulus is an odd prime, we exploit the spectral properties of such graphs in order to provide meaningful upper bounds for their diameter.

M. Budden; N. Calkins; W. N. Hack; J. Lambert; K. Thompson

2013-01-01

186

"I Am Proud that I Did It and It's a Piece of Me": Digital Storytelling in the Foreign Language Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

|This case study examines students' experiences regarding the infusion of digital storytelling in their high school fourth-year Spanish class. The aim of this case study is to determine if digital storytelling can be an effective tool for language learners to communicate emotion and present information to an audience. Sources of information for…

Castaneda, Martha E.

2013-01-01

187

2008-2009 Davis Digital Storytelling Challenge: Showcasing 21st-Century Learning in the Art Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is the art of using digital content--still images, video clips, voiceovers, sound effects and music--to create short and compelling narrative movies. As an expressive medium in the art classroom, digital storytelling can be used to integrate subject matter knowledge and skills from many years of the school curriculum. If one…

Hutcheson, Brian

2008-01-01

188

Anorectic family dynamics: temperament and character data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern psychobiologic research conceptualizes personality as a complex adaptive system involving a bidirectional interaction between heritable neurobiologic dispositions (temperament) and social learning (character). In this study, we evaluated temperament and character traits of patients with anorexia nervosa and their mothers and fathers, and we analyzed the correlation of temperament and character traits among family members in anorectic families. Finally, we tested the ability of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to discriminate between normal controls and anorectic subjects, their parents, and their families. Temperament and character features of 50 restricter anorectic patients and their parents (23 fathers and 25 mothers) were analyzed and then compared with a control group of 60 women and their 20 fathers and 20 mothers using the TCI. Data suggest that both temperament and character factors are involved in anorexia nervosa (AN). Anorectic individuals were high in harm avoidance (HA), low in novelty seeking (NS), and high in persistence (P) ("obsessive temperament type"). Their character was remarkable for low self-directedness (SD). Their mothers were distinguished by low SD. The fathers were high in HA, but also low in P, and high in reward dependence (RD). Again, they were low in SD. The anorectic family had low SD as a common denominator observed in all family members. This finding indicates that the psychopathology of AN extends beyond obsessiveness, but combines obsessiveness with low character development. None of the above temperament and character profiles is pathognomic of restricter anorectics. The observation that both temperament and character have an important role in the etiopathogenesis of AN has important treatment ramifications. The TCI was useful in discriminating between normal controls and anorectic subjects, their parents, and the whole anorectic family. PMID:11893989

Fassino, Secondo; Svrakic, Dragan; Abbate-Daga, Giovanni; Leombruni, Paolo; Amianto, Federico; Stanic, Stana; Rovera, Giovanni Giacomo

189

Holographic memory system for Kanji character generation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A Fourier transform holographic memory has been developed and used for generating and storing sixteen thousand Kanji characters. The memory consists of four groups of holograms of 63 pages, recording 64 Kanji characters in each page, and has a packing density of 1.34 x 10(7) bits/cm (2). Digitized characters of sixteen sizes can be generated with natural letter faces and good image quality. This paper focuses on the recording and reconstruction of holographic Kanji memory using a pseudorandom diffuser and systematic solutions consistent with optical, mechanical, and digital systems.

Satoh I; Kato M; Fujito K; Tateishi F

1989-07-01

190

Weakening the local character  

CERN Document Server

In [Sh E46], Shelah obtained a non-forking relation for an AEC, (K,\\preceq), with LST-number at most \\lambda, which is categorical in \\lambda and \\lambda^+ and has less than 2^{\\lambda^+} models of cardinality \\lambda^{++}, but at least one. This non-forking relation satisfies the main properties of the non-forking relation on stable first order theories, but only a weak version of the local character. Here, we improve this non-forking relation such that it satisfies the local character, too. Therefore it satisfies the main properties of the non-forking relation on superstable first order theories. We conclude that the function \\lambda \\to I(\\lambda,K), which assigns to each cardinal \\lambda, the number of models in K of cardinality \\lambda, is not arbitrary.

Jarden, Adi

2011-01-01

191

AI Based Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract- In this paper we propose an approach for recognizing an English alphabet using their structural features. One of its major applications is Optical Character Recognition (OCR). Scanners produce bitmap images of the documents which are not edited by word processors. Rather than trying to match a bitmap to the stored letters, feature extraction attempts to recognize letters by condensing the scanned letters to their basic "Features" which are compared to a list of features stored in the program's code. To convert a .BMP file into equivalent text file we need to process the file. The whole paper consists of reading bitmap file and marking blocks, thinning the available bitmap block, extracting the feature points from the bitmap block along with their approximate position in the block, checking if there are circles or some enclosed regions in the bitmap and matching the feature points with ideal feature point set of each alphabet and if it matches with any one of them then recognizes the bitmap block as that character. The experimental results show improvement as it verifying most of the characters.

Nimish Kumar

2011-01-01

192

TV JOURNALISM IN THE DIGITAL AGE: ASPECTS OF TRANSMEDIA STORYTELLING ON PAPER TELEVISION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper proposes a reflection on audiovisual journalism from the perspective of transmedia storytelling (NT), a term coined by Henry Jenkins (2009a) in his research on the culture of convergence. How has media convergence affected the language and aesthetics of audiovisual journalism? And what of the routine and profile of its professionals? Or the relationship with the audience? What are the new paradigms and what has changed in their production processes as regards the use of new media? To reflect on these and other issues, it is necessary to identify and analyze aspects of transmedia storytelling on TV Folha, an audiovisual program inspired by printing, which began as a private channel on the web and is today shown by a public broadcaster. It is a product which seems to indicate that transmedia storytelling is beginning to establish a firm place in Brazilian audiovisual journalism based on its relationship with new information platforms.

Elaide Martins

2013-01-01

193

Cost Effective Evaluation of Companies' Storytelling on the Web  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract: In this paper we present a cost effective and simple procedure for evaluating company web sites. Our assumption is that such sites are places for companies' self-presentation and that customers are readers of these texts. Web site texts with narrative qualities, e.g. scenes, actors, acts, initiate the customers' imagination and narrative mind and hence their decision making. These ideas are investigated in a qualitative study of two companies' self-presentation as future work places for students. The results demonstrate that the students choose the company that has a web site with rich narrative qualities above the company that has a web site with good graphical appearance, but poor narrative qualities. In conclusion, we suggest that user centred evaluation of commercial web sites by using the suggested method can pay attention to deep, narrative structures in both the company's self-presentation and the customers' reading of the web site texts.Keywords: Competitive advantage, decision-making, dramas, imagination, narratives, storytelling, web-design.

Clemmensen, Torkil; VendelØ, Morten Thanning

2004-01-01

194

The Memory of a Tree; An Interactive Visual Storytelling Installation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the centuries, people have combined fields, leading to the creation of new domains. For example, artists have used technology to widen the range of their medium to express ideas in new ways. Similarly, technology has leveraged art to expand its range of application. Both art and technology continue to inspire innovation in each other. A contemporary example of this process is evident in interactive art era; this article covers this topic focusing on tangible interface pieces. There have been many compelling demonstrations that involve tangible interaction to increase audience interests through their embodied interaction. However, most existing approaches are limited to engaging a user’s immediate, temporary experience with setting some context of the environment with story elements. This article presents an interactive installation that engages the audience, building an immersive environment based on the synergy between embodied interaction and storytelling in a more active and meaningful way. It is based on the belief that tangible interfaces have the potential to convey narratives more meaningfully based on physical interaction and human senses and fundamentally, aims to supply another potential of tangible interfaces to spark further discussion in this area.

Hyunjoo Oh

2012-01-01

195

Exploring the use of storytelling in quantitative research fields using a multiple case study method  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the emerging use of storytelling in quantitative research fields. The focus was not on examining storytelling in research, but rather how stories are used in various ways within the social context of quantitative research environments. In-depth interviews were conducted with seven professionals who had experience using storytelling in their work and my personal experience with the subject matter was also used as a source of data according to the notion of researcher-as-instrument. This study is qualitative in nature and is guided by two supporting theoretical frameworks, the sociological perspective and narrative inquiry. A multiple case study methodology was used to gain insight about why participants decided to use stories or storytelling in a quantitative research environment that may not be traditionally open to such methods. This study also attempted to identify how storytelling can strengthen or supplement existing research, as well as what value stories can provide to the practice of research in general. Five thematic findings emerged from the data and were grouped under two headings, "Experiencing Research" and "Story Work." The themes were found to be consistent with four main theoretical functions of storytelling identified in existing scholarly literature: (a) sense-making; (b) meaning-making; (c) culture; and (d) communal function. The five thematic themes that emerged from this study and were consistent with the existing literature include: (a) social context; (b) quantitative versus qualitative; (c) we think and learn in terms of stories; (d) stories tie experiences together; and (e) making sense and meaning. Recommendations are offered in the form of implications for various social contexts and topics for further research are presented as well.

Matthews, Lori N. Hamlet

196

La política relatada: el Storytelling de Barack Obama en el marco de la Operación Gerónimo/ Politics Reported: Barack Obama's Storytelling Within the Frame of Operation Geronimo/ A política relatada: o storytelling de Barack Obama no âmbito da Operação Gerônimo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A quantidade de informação na qual nos movemos atualmente exige que o político, bem como outros líderes que quiserem transmitir uma mensagem, compita com inumeráveis telas e dados. O storytelling surge nos últimos anos como técnica efetiva para que a mensagem proveniente do líder social conquiste o bem mais valioso no mundo da comunicação total: o tempo do cidadão. Nestas linhas, introduz-se esta ferramenta discursiva, suas condições e elementos e, por meio d (more) e uma análise qualitativa, expõe-se sua presença na galeria de imagens que a Casa Branca publicou assim que matou a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in spanish El caudal de información en el que nos movemos actualmente exige que el político, como otros líderes que quieran transmitir un mensaje, deba competir con innumerables pantallas y datos. El storytelling surge en los últimos años como técnica efectiva para que el mensaje proveniente del líder social logre conquistar el bien más preciado en el mundo de la comunicación actual: el tiempo del ciudadano. En estas líneas se introduce esta herramienta discursiva, sus con (more) diciones y elementos y, por medio de un análisis cualitativo, se expone su presencia en la galería de imágenes que la Casa Blanca publicó luego de matar a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in english The gush of information reaching us today requires politicians and any other leaders intending to communicate to compete against a countless amount of screens and data. In the past few years, storytelling has swelled as an effective technique with which social leaders intending to communicate can conquer the most important asset in communication today: the citizens' time. These lines introduce the conditions and fundamentals of storytelling as a tool, revealing its presen (more) ce through a qualitative analysis in a gallery of photographs published by the White House in the aftermath of Bin Laden's assassination.

López-Hermida-Russo, Alberto Pedro; Vargas-Monardes, Josefina

2013-04-01

197

Closed surfaces and character varieties  

CERN Multimedia

The powerful character variety techniques of Culler and Shalen can be used to find essential surfaces in knot manifolds. We show that module structures on the coordinate ring of the character variety can be used to identify detected boundary slopes as well as when closed surfaces are detected. This approach also yields new number theoretic invariants for the character varieties of knot manifolds.

Chesebro, Eric

2012-01-01

198

Large even order character sums  

CERN Multimedia

A classical theorem of Paley asserts the existence of an infinite family of quadratic characters whose character sums become exceptionally large. In this paper, we establish an analogous result for characters of any fixed even order. Previously our bounds were only known under the assumption of the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis.

Goldmakher, Leo

2012-01-01

199

Research on Russian National Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The special geographical location Russia lies in creates the unique character of the Russian nation. Based on the dual nature of the Russian national character, the Russian geographical environment and the analysis of its social structure, this text tries to explore the reasons of the dual nature of Russian national character.

Na Zhuo

2008-01-01

200

Digital Storytelling in a Science Curriculum: The Process of Digital Storytelling to Help the Needs of Fourth Grade Students Understand the Concepts of Food Chains  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study I investigate if digital storytelling process will help the needs of the fourth grade students in an elementary school setting learn science concepts, specifically food chains. I focused on three students who varied in social and academic skills/behaviors to investigate their process in working on a digital story. My findings proved that digital storytelling scripts, storyboards, and graphic organizers helped students create a story telling about what happened in their food chain but students couldn't retain the information on food chains to help them in taking their post test. The graphic organizers were able to scaffold and help organize students' thinking. The digital scripts allowed students to comprehend science concepts and explain them to peers.

Titus, Una-Bellelinda

 
 
 
 
201

Peering into a Chilean Black Box: Parental Storytelling in Pediatric Genetic Counseling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

While genetic counseling has expanded to multiple international settings, research about providing culturally sensitive services to non-U.S. patients is limited. To gain insights, we utilized a process study to explore parental communication in pediatric genetics clinics in Chile. We utilized a phenomenological hermeneutic approach to assess storytelling in six pediatric sessions that were conducted in Spanish, and translated into English. The majority of the sessions focused on information gathering (35 %), and providing medical (20 %) and genetics education (18 %). The 14 instances of storytelling we identified usually emerged during information gathering, genetics education, and the closing of the session. Stories illustrated parental efforts to create a cognitive and emotional context for their child's genetic diagnosis. Parents emerged as competent caregivers who discussed the role of the child as a social being in the family and the larger community. Our analysis found that genetic counseling sessions in the U.S. and Chile are structured similarly and although communication is not a balanced process, parents use storytelling to participate as active agents in the session. Via storytelling, we learned that parents are working to understand and gain control over their child's genetic diagnosis by relying on mechanisms that extend beyond the genetics appointment.

Ordonez J; Margarit S; Downs K; Yashar BM

2013-06-01

202

The Dialectics Informing Identity in an Urban Youth Digital Storytelling Workshop  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines an after-school program entitled Silk City Media Workshop. Briefly, the workshop engages youth in digital storytelling as a means of enhancing both their technology and literacy skills. Transcending these goals, this workshop also provides opportunities for youth to reveal multiple aspects of their unfolding identities as…

DeGennaro, Donna

2008-01-01

203

A Mobile Mixed-Reality Environment for Children's Storytelling Using a Handheld Projector and a Robot  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a system called GENTORO that uses a robot and a handheld projector for supporting children's storytelling activities. GENTORO differs from many existing systems in that children can make a robot play their own story in a physical space augmented by mixed-reality technologies. Pilot studies have been conducted to clarify the…

Sugimoto, Masanori

2011-01-01

204

The Simultaneity of Experience: Cultural Identity, Magical Realism and the Artefactual in Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores how students, as multimodal storytellers, can weave powerful narratives blending modes, genres, artefacts and literary conventions to represent the real and imagined in their lives. Part of a larger ethnographic case study of student writing in a middle years class for immigrant students learning English as an additional…

Honeyford, Michelle A.

2013-01-01

205

Race(ing) Stories: Digital Storytelling as a Tool for Critical Race Scholarship  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article investigates the use of digital storytelling as a medium for exploring the significance of race in the educational experiences of youth. A critical race theory (CRT) framework is utilized because CRT places race at the center of social analysis and values the everyday experiences of people of color. The author focuses on two US high…

Rolon-Dow, Rosalie

2011-01-01

206

Liberating the Arts: Promoting IT Fluency through the Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|Fluency in information technology (IT Fluency) is a component of life-long learning necessary for a Liberal Arts student's post-graduate success in the global and digital economy. While challenging, promoting IT fluency at Liberal Arts colleges can be achieved through the integration of digital storytelling pedagogy in existing humanities…

Warren, Kenneth Xavier, Jr.

2011-01-01

207

Digital Storytelling as a genre of mediatized self-representations: an introduction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article provides a critical review of some of the most relevant studies ondigital storytelling and proposes a genre typology that allows an initialclassification of digital storytelling into two main types: educational and social.Digital storytelling is a multimodal emergent genre characterised by its versatilityand flexibility which has resulted in a series of subgenres. However, the mainpremise here is that differentiating between social and educational– although onedoes not exclude the other– and bearing in mind that most digital stories may lieat the intersection of both, is the most useful way to start labeling the massiveproduction of digital stories available nowadays on the Internet. The articlesincluded in this number are mostly educational (Ramírez-Verdugo & SotomayorGrande, and Reyes, Pich & García, Londoño-Monroy) but they all include sometraces of the social type. Thus, Bou-Franch is an example of how studentsinterpret certain events that had social impact and that are part of history whileWestman’s article involves the creation of communities of practice among thosewho share the same interests. Finally, Herreros-Navarro, although educational inessence, describes a social act in which students intentionally choose a way topresent their own identity to society using digital storytelling

Carmen Gregori Signes; Barry Pennoch-Speck

2012-01-01

208

Improving Technology Competency and Disposition of Beginning Pre-Service Teachers with Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study examined the effects of the digital storytelling experience of beginning pre-service teachers on their self-efficacy in educational technology and disposition toward change with regard to new technological approaches to teaching. A total of 76 freshmen participated in the study. After participating in a brief tutorial session, the…

Heo, Misook

2011-01-01

209

Using Literature and Digital Storytelling to Create a Safe Place to Address Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

|Determined to shift the balance by providing a venue for students' voices, Cordi and Masturzo reclaimed and remade a Web space to address bullying using digital storytelling (Ohler, 2009). Using "Dear Bully: 70 Authors Tell Their Stories", they guided their undergraduate students on a valuable journey of self-exploration, reflection, and…

Cordi, Kevin; Masturzo, Kimberly

2013-01-01

210

A Reflection: Trials in Using Digital Storytelling Effectively with the Gifted  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this article, the author shares her experience of using digital storytelling in her class of gifted learners and discusses the benefits it has for both students and teachers. Technology is becoming an integral part of the educational realm. In an effort to blend technology with education, the author took on the challenge of digital…

Kieler, Lynda

2010-01-01

211

MAKING TIME FOR STORYTELLING; THE CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BUILDING AND ACTIVISM IN A RURAL LOCALE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The uneven projection of voices from or within a community can be addressed, in part, by methods such as digital storytelling in a technology and media-savvy society. Whilst the use of digital storytelling to facilitate constructive dialogue has proved successful for those who participate, instilling a sense of motivation to become involved at the outset can pose a challenge. Members of different types of community groups, whether geo-physical or practice-based, will not necessarily be drawn to involvement in social action through group workshops without prior personal engagement. This paper considers which other participatory media techniques can be employed to encourage involvement in community digital storytelling workshops to inspire activism, and examines barriers to participation, with emphasis on the necessity of mandate, for project success. To help answer these issues, one particular workshop in a case study in North Yorkshire, UK will be used to identify the importance of place and incorporation of methods when undertaking community digital storytelling.

Sarah Copeland, Clodagh Miskelly

2010-01-01

212

Digital Storytelling and American Studies: Critical Trajectories from the Emotional to the Epistemological  

Science.gov (United States)

|In recent years, digital storytelling has emerged as an alternative medium of knowledge production for students in American studies. A growing number of faculty are creating assignments which combine methodological markers of American studies and reinvented notions of critical pedagogy in a multimedia learning environment. Based on an analysis of…

Oppermann, Matthias

2008-01-01

213

Pre-Service Students' Perceptions and Experiences of Digital Storytelling in Diverse Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this paper is to analyse an innovative teaching and learning practice in which pre-service student teachers at the CPUT used digital stories to reflect on their experiences of diversity in their classroom. Managing diverse classrooms is one of the main challenges for all teachers. Digital storytelling can help manage such…

Condy, Janet; Chigona, Agnes; Gachago, Daniela; Ivala, Eunice; Chigona, Agnes

2012-01-01

214

Digital Storytelling: A Powerful Technology Tool for the 21st Century Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling has emerged over the last few years as a powerful teaching and learning tool that engages both teachers and their students. However, until recently, little attention has been paid to a theoretical framework that could be employed to increase the effectiveness of technology as a tool in a classroom environment. A discussion of…

Robin, Bernard R.

2008-01-01

215

My Family, My Story: Representing Identities in Time and Space through Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is increasingly used within educational and out-of-school settings, particularly in informal learning contexts such as after-school projects and those involving young people. The process of making digital stories harnesses I/identities, including affect, emotion, and home funds of knowledge (identities), as well as "ways of…

Pahl, Kate

2011-01-01

216

The Hero’s Journey - Template-Based Storytelling for Ubiquitous Multimedia Management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Professional communities in research domains including much fieldwork and mobile multimedia acquisition such as the domain of cultural heritage management lack support to create, access, organize and share multimedia within their communities. Digital storytelling is an excellent means to share knowl...

Yiwei Cao; Ralf Klamma; Matthias Jarke

217

Humanizing the Teaching of Physics through Storytelling: The Case of Current Electricity  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this article is to discuss the potential role of storytelling in the teaching and learning of physics. I first present the main historical events concerning the discovery of current electricity by focusing on the Galvani-Volta controversy and the work of Michael Faraday. Then I outline a planning framework for teaching through…

Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis

2006-01-01

218

Food character model tray  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The utility model discloses a salver for the food matrix which comprises a salver body, wherein the top of the salver body is provided with a concave or a convex reversed matrix for the word of lucky in Chinese the bottom surface of the salver body is provided with a supporting post and the top of the salver body corresponding to the supporting post top is provided with a concaved hole corresponding to the position and the shape of the supporting post position. Only by placing the dough food onto the reverse matrix at the top of the salver body, the Chinese character on the surface can be conveniently impressed on the surface of the food. The use is simple, the overlapping is convenient and the space occupation is small. The utility model is applicable to further reprocessing of the dough food like the water boiling dumpling and the steamed bread.

CONGXIA QIN

219

Narrating and Reading Folktales and Picture Books: Storytelling Techniques and Approaches with Preschool Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines the approaches to storytelling used by Greek parents with their preschool children. The first part of the article discusses the types of stories chosen and the reading approaches employed by the parents. The second part examines the extratextual interactions between parents and children related to content during storytelling. One hundred twelve stories were chosen by parents and told to their preschool children in one-to-one settings in their homes. These sessions were recorded by students and later analyzed. The families chose the stories, and no recommendation was made to parents about the type of story or approach they would use to tell the story. The stories were classified as narration, which involved telling stories to children without using books, or story reading, which involved reading books. Results indicate that the way in which a story was told and the characteristics of the extratextual interactions between parents and children depended on a parent’s educational status. Almost all parents with a higher educational background employed story reading, whereas parents with a lower educational background mostly preferred narration. The quantity and quality of verbal exchanges between adults and children during storytelling were also affected by the approach used and the educational status of the parents. Reading stories motivated more verbal exchanges than narrating stories. Extratextual interactions during storytelling were more common among parents with a higher educational background than among parents with a lower educational background; however, of the total number of extratextual interactions, only a small percentage were categorized as high-level abstraction (bridging, elaboration, and predicting). Most extratextual interactions were described as low-level abstraction (children's feedback, asking for label, intervention for drawing attention, and clarifying), regardless of the approach employed by the parents or their educational status. Results suggest that for the Greek families involved in this research, storytelling is a child-centered activity that meets the entertainment needs of the child.

Triantafillia Natsiopoulou; Mimis Souliotis; Argyris G. Kyridis

2006-01-01

220

Video Installation, Memory and Storytelling: the viewer as narrator  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: Much has been written about memory and its link with the visual where memory is likened to our recollection of vignettes or visual traces. Conway (1999) tells us that the brain takes in experience as word and image.  Gibson (2002) suggests that “imagistic cognition” is a process whereby we run image sequences through our heads while trying to make sense of experience. He links this psychological phenomenon with notions of film editing theory and practice. He goes on to suggest that the power of the cinema is linked to this primal experience of remembering that elicits the intense pleasures of childhood and access to a means of navigating the self. This paper will explore the role video installation can play in creating an open, enticing, non-threatening and immersive environment, where viewers can transcend the everyday, reflect on their own memories and recall their personal stories. I will argue that there is a symbiotic link between what I will call the viewer as flâneur and the producer of the work such that a new form of storytelling can be created through this relationship. Résumé: Il existe une littérature abondante sur les liens entre la mémoire et l'image, notamment en ce qui concerne le traitement de traces visuelles par les fonctions mémorielles. Conway (1999) insiste quant à lui sur le fait que le cerveau assimile l'expérience à la fois sous forme de mots et d'images. Gibosn (2002) quant à lui souligne que la "cognition visuelle" est un processus qui nous fait défiler des séquences d'images dans notre esprit au moment où nous tentons de donner une signification à ce que nous vivions. Il rattache ce phénomène psychologique à certains aspects théoriques et pratiques du montage cinématographique, jusqu'à suggérer que le pouvoir du cinéma est lié à nos expériences mémorielles les plus profondes, en rapport avec les plaisirs les plus forts de l'enfance et avec la possibilité d'explorer sa propre identité. Cet article analyse le rôle que les installations vidéo peuvent jouer dans la création d'un contexte ouvert, attrayant, non-menaçant et immersif où les spectateurs peuvent dépasser le quotidien, réfléchir sur leurs propres souvenirs et se rappeler leurs propres histoires personnelles. Selon moi, il existe un lien symbiotique entre le spectateur comme flâneur et le producteur de l'œuvre, qui rend possible une nouvelle façon de raconter une histoire à travers de nouveaux types de rapports.

Diane Charleson

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Character design for soccer commmentary  

CERN Multimedia

In this paper we present early work on an animated talking head commentary system called {\\bf Byrne}\\footnote{David Byrne is the lead singer of the Talking Heads.}. The goal of this project is to develop a system which can take the output from the RoboCup soccer simulator, and generate appropriate affective speech and facial expressions, based on the character's personality, emotional state, and the state of play. Here we describe a system which takes pre-analysed simulator output as input, and which generates text marked-up for use by a speech generator and a face animation system. We make heavy use of inter-system standards, so that future versions of Byrne will be able to take advantage of advances in the technologies that it incorporates.

Binsted, K

1998-01-01

222

Do We Need a New Narratology for Interactive Digital Storytelling? A Workshop on Theory at ICIDS 2009  

Science.gov (United States)

The workshop explores Narratology as applied to Interactive Digital Storytelling. It presents different strands in established Narratology and the foundations they are built on. Then it discusses different attempts to apply and reconcile Narratology with Interactive Digital Storytelling. The workshop is designed to expose these differences by applying different concepts to the analysis of different digital artifacts and open up a discussion of theory that is mindful of diverse approaches and integrates practical considerations.

Koenitz, Hartmut; Haahr, Mads; Ferri, Gabriele; Sezen, Tonguc Ibrahim

223

Maya Studio Projects Photorealistic Characters  

CERN Document Server

Create realistic characters with Maya tools and this project-based book Maya character generation tools are extremely sophisticated, and there's no better way to learn all their capabilities than by working through the projects in this hands-on book. This official guide focuses on understanding and implementing Maya's powerful tools for creating realistic characters for film, games, and TV. Use a variety of tools to create characters from skeleton to clothing, including hairstyles and facial hair, and learn how to use Performance Capture. A DVD includes supplementary videos, project support fi

Palamar, Todd

2011-01-01

224

Trickster tropes: female storytelling and the re-imagination of social orders in four nineteenth-century southern African communities/ Truukster-trope: vroulike storievertelling en die her-verbeelding van sosiale ordes in vier negentiende-eeuse suider-Afrikaanse gemeenskappe  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Women in nineteenth century southern Africa used storytelling, especially tales in which tricksters were the central characters, in order to make sense of -and often to critique -rapidly changing social and political orders. The stories they told constitute an underutilised historical source. This article draws from four anthologies compiled by men engaged in missionary endeavours in the region to explore these points. I argue that these tales complicate our understanding (more) of ethnic and gendered identity construction during the period and promise to cast new light on contemporary understandings of social reproduction, especially during times of societal upheaval.

Pieterse, Jimmy

2010-05-01

225

Seismic character mapping over reservoir intervals  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents some results from an investigation into the utility of pattern recognition methods ins seismic interpretation. The seismic instantaneous attributes of amplitude, phase and frequency provide a way of quantifying the character of a simple reflection. Measures of character can be developed from cross-plots and cluster analysis of these attributes. It is demonstrated that such seismic character can produce better-defined maps than a single attribute. These procedures can be extended to attributes derived from seismic trace segments, such as trace energy and centre frequency, and to multitrace attributes, but more effort is than needed to analyze the attributes and search out useful one. An introduction is given to projection pursuit which has proved a useful exploratory tool for the analysis of attribute relationships.

Lendzionowski, V.; Walden, A.T.; White, R.E. (BP Exploration Co. Ltd, Britannic House, Moor Lane, London C2Y 9BU (GB))

1990-11-01

226

ELECTRONIC HANDWRITING CHARACTER RECOGNITION (E-HWCR)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advancement of electronics, the different technologies used in computer vision, helps to recognize a hand written character more effectively and yields a reliable output. Password protection is acurrent challenge and it has various methods involved in it. On-line hand writing character recognition using accelerometers is the basic proto-type for all the latest technologies. In this project, the recognition process is done by using a micro-electromechanical device (MEMS) Accelerometer and Microcontroller within built ADC and using I2C interface. The system uses processor to store the characters and it is interfaced to the computer for recognizing the data with any of Integrated Development Interface (IDE) as Visual Basic. There are advance techniques in research of password by studying blood veins of a person’s palm, such as bio-metric techniques works on accelerometers in built.

Priyanka.M; S.Ramakrishanan; N.R.Raajan

2013-01-01

227

Character and Culture: Towards a Man of Character—The Relevance of Traditional Igbo Family Values  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character and culture describe man both as an active and a passive agent in life. It is by being fashioned by culture that man cultivates character and by the use of this character so acquired that he develops and upgrades his culture; for culture is dynamic, that is elastic; as such there is need for eternal vigilance on the part of man to see his culture evolve and become better at every point in time. This can come about either spontaneously or through an agency; it is the duty of an agency to act upon what is given, required to produce a good result, in our instance to act on Igbo-African family values. This entails a dialogue of man and his milieu, for character grows form a healthy and salutary agent, so knowledge of, belief in and application of values is indeed a precondition.

Paul Ikechukwu Ogugua

2013-01-01

228

Algebraic description of character varieties  

CERN Multimedia

We find finite, reasonably small, generator sets of the coordinate rings of G-character varieties of finitely generated groups for all classical groups G. This result together with the method of Grobner basis gives an algorithm for describing character varieties by explicit polynomial equations.

Sikora, Adam S

2011-01-01

229

Fermionic characters for graded parafermions  

CERN Document Server

Fermionic-type character formulae are presented for charged irreduciblemodules of the graded parafermionic conformal field theory associated to the coset $osp(1,2)_k/u(1)$. This is obtained by counting the weakly ordered `partitions' subject to the graded $Z_k$ exclusion principle. The bosonic form of the characters is also presented.

Bégin, L; Jacob, P; Mathieu, P

2003-01-01

230

Fermionic characters for graded parafermions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fermionic-type character formulae are presented for charged irreducible modules of the graded parafermionic conformal field theory associated to the coset osp-bar(1,2)k/u-circumflex. This is obtained by counting the weakly ordered 'partitions' subject to the graded Z-bark exclusion principle. The bosonic form of the characters is also presented.

2003-06-02

231

Fermionic characters for graded parafermions  

Science.gov (United States)

Fermionic-type character formulae are presented for charged irreducible modules of the graded parafermionic conformal field theory associated to the coset osp(1,2)k/û(1). This is obtained by counting the weakly ordered `partitions' subject to the graded Zk exclusion principle. The bosonic form of the characters is also presented.

Bégin, L.; Fortin, J.-F.; Jacob, P.; Mathieu, P.

2003-06-01

232

Performance of English Character Recognition with and without Noise  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character recognition has been one of the most interesting and challenging research areas in the recent years. Many researchers develop scripts based on the different approaches used for the design of character recognition system. This paper provides a survey and classification of various character recognition techniques and describes a technique for converting textual content from a paper document into machine readable form.

Priya Sharma#1 , Randhir Singh

2013-01-01

233

A Modified Back propagation Algorithm for Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character Recognition (CR) has been an active area of research and due to its diverse applicable environment; it continues to be a challenging research topic. There is a clear need for optical character recognition in order to provide a fast and accurate method to search both existing images as well as large archives of existing paper documents. However, existing optical character recognition programs suffer from a flawed tradeoff between speed and accuracy, making it less attractive for large quantities of documents. In this thesis, we present a new neural network based method for optical character recognition as well as handwritten character recognition. Experimental results show that our proposed method achieves highest percent accuracy in optical character recognition. We present an overview of existing handwritten character recognition techniques. All these algorithms are described more or less on their own. Handwritten character recognition is a very popular and computationally expensive task. We also explain the fundamentals of handwritten character recognition. We describe today’s approaches for handwritten character recognition. From the broad variety of efficient techniques that have been developed we will compare the most important ones. We will systematize the techniques and analyze their performance based on both their run time performance and theoretical considerations. Their strengths and weaknesses are also investigated. It turns out that the behavior of the algorithms is much more similar as to be expected.

Jitendra Shrivastav; Prof. Ravindra Kumar Gupta; Dr. Shailendra Singh

2013-01-01

234

Digital storytelling in sex education. Avoiding the pitfalls of building a ‘haram’ website  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses a participant design research project. The project aimed to provide information about sex and sexuality to groups considered to be vulnerable due to lack of knowledge and cultural barriers. The researchers worked with their students (from highly diverse cultural background) to gather interview material that in turn was used by these students to write ‘life stories’. Although not digital storytelling as it is usually defined, the group for whom the website was built did not author their own stories directly, participant design can be understood as a form of ‘digital storytelling light’. In regard of presenting information about sexuality in an acceptable manner, this combined design and research method worked well. The article provides examples from the interview material, the life stories and reactions posted on the websites that were built on internet for a for Moroccan and Turkish-Dutch youngsters, the intended audience.

Pauline Borghuis; Joke Hermes; Christa de Graaf

2010-01-01

235

Digital Storytelling as a Pedagogical Tool within a Didactic Sequence in Foreign Language Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling constitutes a pedagogical tool for teachers to work on differentlinguistic skills while generating students’ interest and attention. This studyanalyses the usefulness of including digital storytelling within a didactic sequencein order to work on linguistic routines such as greetings and leave-takings inEnglish as a foreign language. To this aim, we have worked with first yearstudents in the Faculty of Education at the Universitat de València to improve theirability to adapt their language skills to specific situations within common dailyinteraction. We have designed a didactic sequence consisting of differentworkshops that have been put into practice in class. The sequence ends with afinal project in which students are expected to produce their own digital stories,showing thus what they have learnt. This final production has highlighted a clearimprovement in the use of linguistic routines, as well as in the use of morecomplex structures and of varied expressions used to open and close aconversation.

Agustín Reyes; Eva Pich Ponce; MªDolores García Pastor

2012-01-01

236

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belief that individuals make meaning through a range of semiotic devices, including, among others, language, sound, graphics and text, it aims to examine discourse strategies of factuality and subjectivity in historical-cultural digital narratives and their multimodal realisations (Kress & Van Leeuwen 2001; Patrona 2005). To carry out this study a corpus of 16 digital stories was compiled and analysed from a multidisciplinary framework which draws from studies on digital storytelling, computer-mediated communication, media studies, and multimodal discourse analysis. Results show that students/digital story tellers resort to a number of varied multimodal discursive strategies which are constitutive of their identity as capable students in an educational setting.

Patricia Bou-Franch

2012-01-01

237

Synergies Between Interactive Training Simulations And Digital Storytelling: A Component-Based Framework  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A vital requirement for a successful software framework for digital storytelling is that it takes the abilities andbackgroundof the story authors into account. Dedicatedtools shouldsupport authors in expressing their stories withinthis framework at an adequate level and point out an according authoring process for digital stories. The softwareframework shouldprovide communication interfaces between technology experts, storytelling experts andapplicationdomain-experts. These requirements are similar to the ones already encountered when setting up a framework forinteractive training applications. We present a concept how component andframework methodologies from softwareengineering as well as concepts from artificial intelligence can foster the design of such a software framework. Thesoftware architecture of our proposed framework is discussed as well as the according authoring process and tools. Animplementation of our concept is described and lessons learned during using this framework in the application domainof emergency training are addressed. Although the framework has been applied for training purposes in particular, itcan be usedas a basis for a digital storytelling framework in general. r 2002 Elsevier Science Lt . All rights reserve .1.

Ralf D Orner; Paul Grimm; Daniel F. Abawi

238

Theta Correspondence of Automorphic Characters  

CERN Multimedia

This paper describes the lifting of automorphic characters of $\\GO(3)(\\A)$ to $\\SLT(\\A)$. It does so by matching the image of this lift with the lift of automorphic characters from $\\GO(1)(\\A)$ to $\\SLT(\\A)$. Our matching actually gives a matching of individual automorphic forms, and not just of representation spaces. Let $\\V$ be a $3-$ dimensional quadratic vector space and $\\U$ a certain $1-$ dimensional quadratic space. To an automorphic form $I_{\\V}(\\chi,\\phi)$ determined by the Schwartz function $\\phi\\in \\Sc(\\V(\\A))$ in the lift of the character $\\chi$ we match an automorphic form $I_{\\U}(\\mu,\\phi_{0})$ determined by the Schwartz function $\\phi_{0}\\in \\Sc(\\U(\\A))$ in the lift of the character $\\mu$. Our work shows that, the space $\\U$ is explicitly determined by the character $\\chi$. The character $\\mu$ is explicitly determined by the space $\\V$ and the function $\\phi_{0}$ is given by an orbital integral involving $\\phi$.

Snitz, K

2005-01-01

239

Temperament and Character in Psychosomatic Disorders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Personality takes an important role in etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The studies conducted with Temperament and Character Inventory which investigates the personality according to psychobiological model is considered to have a major role in understanding the relationship between personality and psychosomatic disorders. In order to emphasize the previous studies on this subject, we have done database search in Pubmed and Turk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Directory) for the time period between 1991 and 2009 to determine and evaluate the articles conducted among somatization, dermatologic illness, headache, physical medicine, angina, irritable bowel syndrome and asthma patients using Temperament and Character Inventory. The most significant consistent result of these studies was elevated harm avoid-ance scores. Harm avoidance scores still remain high even after controlling for the effect of depression and anxiety. Thus this temperament dimension is possibly an important state and trait feature for development of psychosomatic illnesses. These findings also confirmed that serotonergic systems get involved in the process of psychosomatic organization. In many studies, the mean scores of self direction sub-dimension of Temperament and Character Inventory which has been considered as the fundamental dimension to achieve mature personality, was found to be lower in psychosomatic patient groups than normal healthy control. This result hence supports the notion that process of illness affects the personality among these patients. Detailed evaluation of temparement and character profiles of psychosomatic patients would contribute much into understanding the etiology of these disorders.

Medine Yazici Gulec

2009-01-01

240

Character traits of malodor patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Many patients visit oral malodor clinics because of malodors which are brought to their attention by friends and family, or because they note the behavior of people around them, they suspect a problem and develop a fear of having an oral malodor. However, only around 30% of such patients actually have levels of malodor high enough to bother other people. Many patients exhibit halitophobia symptoms, which present as self-perception of malodor, and thus have a strong obsession about their smell which results in distress. Here, we carried out a study on 300 outpatients who visited the Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital Odor Clinic. We used the Tokyo University Egogram (TEG) to elucidate character traits of affected outpatients and compared the occurrence of TEG types in these patients with those of normal individuals. We discovered that 10.4% of patients were A-dominant type, which was 10.6% lower than the 21.0% of normal individuals. On the other hand, 18.4% of patients were N-type (NP high, FC low), which was 9.9% higher than the 8.5% of normal individuals. Results revealed that very few of the malodor outpatients exhibited the trait that shows intelligence, calm judgment, and self-affirmation, and as a result enjoy their life. Instead, many of these patients tended to show high levels of kindness and appeared to be holding themselves back and exercising patience.

Sugiyama T; Kameyama A; Yamakura D; Morinaga K; Tsunoda M

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Histórias de dor e de vida: oficinas de contadores de histórias Stories of life and pain: storytellers workshops  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta pesquisa foi uma intervenção com grupos de sujeitos soropositivos, realizada na cidade de São Leopoldo/RS, município da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre que apresenta a terceira prevalência de Hiv/Aids no Estado. O objetivo da pesquisa foi organizar oficinas de contadores de histórias e motivar os participantes a atuar como multiplicadores. A oficina de que trata este artigo foi realizada na ONG Apoio, Solidariedade e Prevenção à Aids (ASPA), desenvolvida em cinco encontros, nos quais os sujeitos contaram as histórias de vida e inventaram um ritual ancorado na religiosidade popular. O grupo era composto por oito usuários e dois trabalhadores voluntários, todos soropositivos; com predomínio de mulheres de baixa renda e chefes de família. Foi utilizado o referencial das práticas discursivas para analisar o material produzido na oficina. No percurso do trabalho emergiram dois temas principais: o preconceito a que estão submetidos os sujeitos soropositivos e a religiosidade como estratégia de resistência usada pela população na luta contra a Aids. Enfatiza-se a importância de atividades como a de contar histórias na promoção da saúde da população.The present research is a result of an intervention with HIV-positive individuals carried out in the city of São Leopoldo (Brazil, state of Rio Grande do Sul), a municipality located in the Porto Alegre metropolitan area with the third highest number of HIV/Aids cases in the region. The aim of the research was to organize workshops for storytellers and motivate the participants to spread the word. The workshop described in this article took place at the NGO Apoio, Solidariedade e Prevenção à Aids (ASPA - Aids Prevention, Solidarity and Support), and was developed throughout five meetings when the participants told life stories and created a ritual based on popular religiosity. The group was composed of eight users and two volunteer workers, all of them HIV-positive; the majority were female, with a low income, living in areas of difficult access and heading their households. As for the theoretical framework, we used discourse practices in order to analyze the material produced in the workshops. Throughout the activity, two main themes emerged: the prejudice imposed upon HIV-positive individuals and religiosity as a strategy for confronting Aids. Emphasis is given to the importance of storytellers workshops in the promotion of the health of the population.

Stela Nazareth Meneghel; Olga Farina; Luciano Bairros da Silva; Leandro Walter; Sarita Gisele Brito; Lucilda Selli; Vânia Schneider

2008-01-01

242

Mobile Urban Drama - Interactive Storytelling in Real World Environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents methods and tools for producing location-based Mobile Urban Dramas. In a Mobile Urban Drama, the user becomes the main character in a play that is presented as a multimedia production (through audio, images, animations and videos) on the user's mobile phone and in the physical surroundings. The media files are linked via tags (2D barcodes/RFID) or GPS to the real world set as the stage of the drama. The dramaturgical concept is described, and a narrative architecture is introduced. It supports a rich variety of plot graphs implemented in a software framework that supports producing Mobile Urban Dramas. Dramas produced with the framework may span from pure art pieces to structured learning experiences, for example, biology learning framed in a thriller. Experiences from six dramas produced with the framework by a Danish theatre group are discussed. The results are general findings on the concept, the narrative structure, scenographic effects and tools for technical production

Hansen, Frank Allan; Kortbek, Karen Johanne

2012-01-01

243

Character Sums Over The Prime Numbers  

CERN Multimedia

A few elementary estimates of a basic character sum over the prime numbers are derived here. These estimates are nontrivial for character sums modulo large q. In addition, an omega result for character sums over the primes is also included.

Carella, N A

2012-01-01

244

Linear characters and block algebra  

CERN Multimedia

This paper will prove that: 1. $G$ has a block only having linear ordinary characters if and only if $G$ is a $p$-nilpotent group with an abelian Sylow $p$-subgroup; 2. $G$ has a block only having linear Brauer characters if and only if $O_{p'}(G)\\leq O_{p'p}(G)=HO_{p'}(G)= \\textrm{Ker}(B_{0}^{*}) \\leq O_{p'pp'}=G$, where $H=G^{'}O^{p'}(G), \\textrm{Ker}(B_{0}^{*})=\\bigcap_{\\lambda \\in \\textrm{IBr}(B_{0})} \\textrm{Ker}(V_{\\lambda}), B_{0}$ is the principal block of $G$ and $V_{\\lambda}$ is the $F[G]$-module affording the Brauer character $\\lambda$; 3. if $G$ satisfies the conditions above, then for any block algebra $B$ of $G$, we have

Zeng, Jiwen

2011-01-01

245

Introducing Character Animation with Blender  

CERN Multimedia

Introducing Character Animation with Blender, 2nd Edition is written in a friendly but professional tone, with clear descriptions and numerous illustrative screenshots. Throughout the book, tutorials focus on how to accomplish actual animation goals, while illustrating the necessary technical methods along the way. These are reinforced by clear descriptions of how each specific aspect of Blender works and fits together with the rest of the package. By following all the tutorials, the reader will gain all the skills necessary to build and animate a well-modeled, fully-rigged character of their

Mullen, Tony

2011-01-01

246

Dual character concepts and the normative dimension of conceptual representation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Five experiments provide evidence for a class of 'dual character concepts.' Dual character concepts characterize their members in terms of both (a) a set of concrete features and (b) the abstract values that these features serve to realize. As such, these concepts provide two bases for evaluating category members and two different criteria for category membership. Experiment 1 provides support for the notion that dual character concepts have two bases for evaluation. Experiments 2-4 explore the claim that dual character concepts have two different criteria for category membership. The results show that when an object possesses the appropriate concrete features, but does not fulfill the appropriate abstract value, it is judged to be a category member in one sense but not in another. Finally, Experiment 5 uses the theory developed here to construct artificial dual character concepts and examines whether participants react to these artificial concepts in the same way as naturally occurring dual character concepts. The present studies serve to define the nature of dual character concepts and distinguish them from other types of concepts (e.g., natural kind concepts), which share some, but not all of the properties of dual character concepts. More broadly, these phenomena suggest a normative dimension in everyday conceptual representation.

Knobe J; Prasada S; Newman GE

2013-05-01

247

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing given by (alpha, beta) (alpha * beta) [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X). The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.

HARVEY REESE; LAWSON BLAINE

2001-01-01

248

Effects of ?-irradiation of garden rose seeds on yield, growth and developement of plants, dependence of plant yield and their quantitative characters upon dose and dose rate of seed ?-irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Effects of ?-irradiation of garden rose seeds, which are highly heterozigous perennial crop, with different doses (from 1 to 20 dGy) and dose rates (o.55 to 6.67 cGy/s) on yield and various quantitative characters of seedings and adult plants were studied. Dependence of values studied both upon dose and dose rate was stated. Lethal action of ?-radiation on the seeds and its immediate influence on vital function of the seedings is determined mainly by irradiation dose and depends slightly upon dose rate. On contrary, remote consequences of seed irradiation (viability, growth and developement of adult perennial plants, particularly under rigid growth conditions) depend strongly on dose rate at the certain dose.

1994-01-01

249

Burgess's Bounds for Character Sums  

CERN Document Server

We prove that Burgess's bound gives an estimate not just for a single character sum but for a mean value of many such sums. Even in the case of the Polya-Vinogradov inequality this seems not to have been previously observed.

Heath-Brown, Roger

2012-01-01

250

Character Toys as Psychological Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

|The main characteristic of children's play is its mental aspect--the fact that it is based on thoughts and feelings and not on objective reality. During imaginary play, children go beyond the limits of reality, and toys are tools that help them to do this. Children need character toys--toys that play the role of companion or partner--in the early…

Smirnova, Elena O.

2011-01-01

251

Character formulae for classical groups  

CERN Document Server

We give formulae relating the value of an irreducible character of a classical group at a matrix to entries of powers of the matrix. This yields a far-reaching generalization of a result of J. L. Cisneros-Molina concerning the $GL_2$ case.

Frenkel, P E

2005-01-01

252

Active Geometry for Game Characters  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Animating the geometry of a real-time character is typically done using fast methods such as smooth skinning or coarse physically- based animation. These methods are not able to capture realistic be- haviors such as flesh and muscles bulging with constant volume or fine wrinkling of animated garment...

Rohmer, Damien; Hahmann, Stefanie; Cani, Marie-Paule

253

Relative differential K-characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We define a group of relative differential K-characters associated with a smooth map between two smooth compact manifolds. We show that this group fits into a short exact sequence as in the non-relative case. Some secondary geometric invariants are expressed in this theory.

Mohamed Maghfoul

2008-01-01

254

Teaching Character through Sports Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Illustrates how sports literature can be used in character education. Focuses on 10 ingredients for being a successful or "highly effective" person, and includes examples drawn from sports or sports literature. Discusses setting goals; proactive responses/positive thinking; a strong work ethic; a never-surrender attitude; physical and…

Minchew, Sue S.

2002-01-01

255

Using the story-telling technique in the qualitative research of national identity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper contains the main results of a qualitative research onRomanians national identity. The research proposes a new approach to the national identity based on two methodological elements: the patriotic songs as a stimulus for reflection on national identity and the presentation of data in the form of story-telling. The theoretical background integrates the social identity theory and the theory of social representations. The main conclusionof the research is that Romanians have nowadays a negative social identity in relation with their own country and the political class is seen as the main culprit for the country’s bad situation.

?andru, C.

2011-01-01

256

Psychoanalysis and detective fiction: a tale of Freud and criminal storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Much has been written about Freud's influence on popular culture. This article addresses the influence of literature on Freud's psychoanalytical theory, specifically the role that modern detective fiction played in shaping Freudian theory. Edgar Allan Poe gave Freud the literary precedent; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes gave him the analytical model. In turn, the world of crime story-telling embedded Freudian theories in subsequent forms, spinning the tales of crime into a journey into the human mind. As these tales were popularized on the silver screen in the early 20th century, psychoanalytical ideas moved from the lecture halls into the cultural mainstream.

Yang A

2010-01-01

257

Psychoanalysis and detective fiction: a tale of Freud and criminal storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much has been written about Freud's influence on popular culture. This article addresses the influence of literature on Freud's psychoanalytical theory, specifically the role that modern detective fiction played in shaping Freudian theory. Edgar Allan Poe gave Freud the literary precedent; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes gave him the analytical model. In turn, the world of crime story-telling embedded Freudian theories in subsequent forms, spinning the tales of crime into a journey into the human mind. As these tales were popularized on the silver screen in the early 20th century, psychoanalytical ideas moved from the lecture halls into the cultural mainstream. PMID:21037412

Yang, Amy

2010-01-01

258

Incompatible quartets, triplets, and characters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We study a long standing conjecture on the necessary and sufficient conditions for the compatibility of multi-state characters: There exists a function f(r) such that, for any set C of r-state characters, C is compatible if and only if every subset of f(r) characters of C is compatible. We show that for every r?2, there exists an incompatible set C of ?(r2)r-state characters such that every proper subset of C is compatible. This improves the previous lower bound of f(r)?r given by Meacham (1983), and f(4)?5 given by Habib and To (2011). For the case when r=3, Lam, Gusfield and Sridhar (2011) recently showed that f(3)=3. We give an independent proof of this result and completely characterize the sets of pairwise compatible 3-state characters by a single forbidden intersection pattern.Our lower bound on f(r) is proven via a result on quartet compatibility that may be of independent interest: For every n?4, there exists an incompatible set Q of ?(n2) quartets over n labels such that every proper subset of Q is compatible. We show that such a set of quartets can have size at most 3 when n=5, and at most O(n3) for arbitrary n. We contrast our results on quartets with the case of rooted triplets: For every n?3, if R is an incompatible set of more than n-1 triplets over n labels, then some proper subset of R is incompatible. We show this bound is tight by exhibiting, for every n?3, a set of n-1 triplets over n taxa such that R is incompatible, but every proper subset of R is compatible.

Shutters B; Vakati S; Fernández-Baca D

2013-01-01

259

Incompatible quartets, triplets, and characters  

Science.gov (United States)

We study a long standing conjecture on the necessary and sufficient conditions for the compatibility of multi-state characters: There exists a function f(r) such that, for any set C of r-state characters, C is compatible if and only if every subset of f(r) characters of C is compatible. We show that for every r?2, there exists an incompatible set C of ?(r2)r-state characters such that every proper subset of C is compatible. This improves the previous lower bound of f(r)?r given by Meacham (1983), and f(4)?5 given by Habib and To (2011). For the case when r=3, Lam, Gusfield and Sridhar (2011) recently showed that f(3)=3. We give an independent proof of this result and completely characterize the sets of pairwise compatible 3-state characters by a single forbidden intersection pattern. Our lower bound on f(r) is proven via a result on quartet compatibility that may be of independent interest: For every n?4, there exists an incompatible set Q of ?(n2) quartets over n labels such that every proper subset of Q is compatible. We show that such a set of quartets can have size at most 3 when n=5, and at most O(n3) for arbitrary n. We contrast our results on quartets with the case of rooted triplets: For every n?3, if R is an incompatible set of more than n?1 triplets over n labels, then some proper subset of R is incompatible. We show this bound is tight by exhibiting, for every n?3, a set of n?1 triplets over n taxa such that R is incompatible, but every proper subset of R is compatible.

2013-01-01

260

A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica/ The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1 (more) 998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos. Abstract in english This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptual bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Gr (more) anada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

Fasanello, Marina Tarnowski; Porto, Marcelo Firpo de Souza

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
261

Twining characters and orbit Lie algebras  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We associate to outer automorphisms of generalized Kac-Moody algebras generalized character-valued indices, the twining characters. A character formula for twining characters is derived which shows that they coincide with the ordinary characters of some other generalized Kac-Moody algebra, the so-called orbit Lie algebra. Some applications to problems in conformal field theory, algebraic geometry and the theory of sporadic simple groups are sketched.

Fuchs, Jurgen; Ray, Urmie; Schellekens, Bert; Schweigert, Christoph

1996-12-05

262

A Survey on Touching Character Segmentation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character segmentation is an important step of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system. The segmentation of touching symbols is one of the key factors which affect the performance of recognition system. Therefore, to make OCR systems more effective and accurate, segmentation of touching characters is an important task. This paper explains the concepts of touching characters and presents the survey of various approaches for touching character segmentation.

Alok Kumar; Madhuri Yadav; Tushar Patnaik; Bhupendra Kumar

2013-01-01

263

Digital Storytelling for Enhancing Student Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, and Learning Motivation: A Year-Long Experimental Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of Digital storytelling (DST) on the academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation of senior high school students learning English as a foreign language. The one-year study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design involving 110 10th grade students in two English…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.; Wu, Wan-Chi I.

2012-01-01

264

A Project-Based Digital Storytelling Approach for Improving Students' Learning Motivation, Problem-Solving Competence and Learning Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

|Although project-based learning is a well-known and widely used instructional strategy, it remains a challenging issue to effectively apply this approach to practical settings for improving the learning performance of students. In this study, a project-based digital storytelling approach is proposed to cope with this problem. With a…

Hung, Chun-Ming; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Huang, Iwen

2012-01-01

265

Can You Design for Agency?: The Ideological Mediation of an Out-of-School Digital Storytelling Workshop  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article explores an out-of-school digital storytelling workshop at a Singapore community center and how it was shaped by ideological clashes between differing definitions of literacies and learning. We unpack circulating ideologies of language learning in light of our attempts as workshop designers and facilitators to foster openings for…

Anderson, Kate T.; Wales, Prudence

2012-01-01

266

Surface Description and Motion Control for Animated Three Dimensional Computer Generated Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study of the relationship of computer technology to character animation focuses on the advantages and constraints of developing three-dimensional characters for computer animation. Three different levels of the complexity involved in animating characters are examined: (1) a three-dimensional computer environment and simple motion within this…

Hutchinson, Thomas Lloyd

267

Temperament, character and personality disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To study, whether temperament and character remain stable over time and whether they differ between patients with and without personality disorder (PD) and between patients with specific PDs. METHODS: Patients with (n=225) or without (n=285) PD from Jorvi Bipolar Study, Vantaa Depression Study (VDS) and Vantaa Primary Care Depression Study were interviewed at baseline and at 18months, and in the VDS also at 5years. A general population comparison group (n=264) was surveyed by mail. RESULTS: Compared with non-PD patients, PD patients scored lower on self-directedness and cooperativeness. Cluster B and C PDs associated with high Novelty Seeking and Harm Avoidance, respectively. In logistic regression models, sensitivity and specificity of Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) dimensions for presence of any PD were 53% and 75%, and for specific PDs from 11% to 41% and from 92% to 100%, respectively. The 18-month test-retest correlations of TCI-R dimensions ranged from 0.58 to 0.82. CONCLUSIONS: Medium-term temporal stability of TCI in a clinical population appears good. Character scores differ markedly between PD and non-PD patients, whereas temperament scores differ only somewhat between the specific PDs. However, the TCI dimensions capture only a portion of the differences between PD and non-PD patients.

Jylhä P; Ketokivi M; Mantere O; Melartin T; Suominen K; Vuorilehto M; Holma M; Holma I; Isometsä E

2013-08-01

268

RECOGNITION OF ARABIC CHARACTERS AND FONTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a method for recognizing Arabic characters and fonts. This method is based on a retrieval procedure using a dissimilarity measure characterizing the character to be recognized. This dissimilarity measure is calculated on the basis of some polygonal attributes extracting from a polygonal approximation of the character. These attributes are insensitive to the size of the character, its orientation and its translation. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by a set of tests made on a database of characters combining 10 classes of fonts of Arabic characters that are mostly used.

ILHAM CHAKER,; MOSTAFA HARTI,; HASSAN QJIDAH,; RACHID BENSLIMANE

2010-01-01

269

Signature Analysis based Character Recognition Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Character Recognition of both typed as well as handwritten characters is still an open area of research. Although significant success has been achieved in type written characters but in handwritten it is still to touch an appreciable level. This research proposes an approach of character recognition which besides producing better results of recognition is extremely less complicated as compared to the prevalent ones. The proposed method is independent of the size of the Character being recognized and is able to accommodate character styles which have slight variations and also does not require thinning and other preprocessing measures as is required in other approaches

Muheet Ahmed Butt

2012-01-01

270

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9). This method was modified to eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet) to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet).

A. MELO; O. MALASPINA; J. A. F. DINIZ-FILHO

1997-01-01

271

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9). This method was modified to eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged fro (more) m 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet) to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet).

MELO, A.; MALASPINA, O.; DINIZ-FILHO, J. A. F.

1997-01-01

272

Character varieties of mutative 3--manifolds  

CERN Multimedia

We describe a birational map between subvarieties in the character varieties of mutative 3-manifolds. By studying the birational map, one can decide in certain circumstances whether a mutation surface is detected by an ideal point of the character variety.

Tillmann, S

2004-01-01

273

Urdu character recognition using fourier descriptors for optical networks  

Science.gov (United States)

This work deals with the problem of recognition of Urdu characters using Fourier descriptors for optical networks. In particular, the scope of this work has been to develop a robust Urdu characters pattern classification, representation, and recognition system, which can classify patterns even if they are deformed by transformations like rotation, scaling, and translation or any combination of these, in the presence of noise. Fourier descriptors are used to uniquely describe, classify, and recognize Urdu characters within one sub-class, that provide a remarkably simple way to draw definite conclusions from vague, ambiguous, noisy or imprecise information. Although current information transmission media i.e. cable, Ethernet etc. may still be used for communications but we proposed new technology i.e. WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) due to its high speed and low loss transmission. Finally experimental results are presented to show the power and robustness of the proposed technique for Urdu character recognition.

Lodhi, S. M.; Matin, M. A.

2005-08-01

274

The Magic World of Storytelling: Some Points for Reflection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many ways to get students involved in the English learning process. Telling stories is one of the most effective ones. This article attempts to gather some pedagogical and psychological reasons why this kind of activity is important, not only to improve students vocabulary and make them achieve a feeling of self confidence but to let them develop social values.

Castro Martha

2002-01-01

275

Digital Storytelling: Kizoa, Animoto, and Photo Story 3  

Science.gov (United States)

Educators know that students create better projects when they are personally invested in the material. The rewards are particularly significant when students can exercise some degree of creativity in the process of developing their projects. One tried-and-true avenue for creative expression is through the use of stories or narratives. Simply…

Yee, Kevin; Hargis, Jace

2012-01-01

276

By Word of Mouth: A Storytelling Guide for the Classroom.  

Science.gov (United States)

Story telling is one of the most basic ways of sharing knowledge, of making sense of experiences, and of seeing oneself in relation to others. In the classroom, story telling is an important activity with strong links to literacy. This guide provides a selection of classroom resources for teachers seeking to develop literacy skills in elementary…

Gere, Jeff; Kozlovich, Beth-Ann; Kelin, Daniel A., II

277

A Learning Design for Student-Generated Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|The literature on digital video in education emphasises the use of pre-fabricated, instructional-style video assets. Learning designs for supporting the use of these expert-generated video products have been developed. However, there has been a paucity of pedagogical frameworks for facilitating specific genres of learner-generated video projects.…

Kearney, Matthew

2011-01-01

278

Malay Digital Folklore: Using Multimedia to Educate Children through Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

In the early centuries of human evolution, the information to express cultures, social contents, ideas, values, and the society itself were primarily developed by means of expression. This information was represented in the form of classical, signs, figures, traditional manuscripts and performing arts. On the other hand, it becomes less important…

Abidin, Mohd Izani Zainal; Razak, Aishah Abd.

2003-01-01

279

Quartic and Octic Characters Modulo n  

CERN Multimedia

The average number of primitive quadratic Dirichlet characters of modulus n tends to a constant as n->infty. The same is true for primitive cubic characters. It is therefore surprising that, as n->infty, the average number of primitive quartic characters of modulus n grows with ln(n), and that the average number of primitive octic characters of modulus n grows with ln(n)^2. Leading coefficients in the asymptotic expressions are also computed.

Finch, Steven

2009-01-01

280

Lower bounds on odd order character sums  

CERN Multimedia

A classical result of Paley shows that there are infinitely many quadratic characters $\\chi\\mod{q}$ whose character sums get as large as $\\sqrt{q}\\log \\log q$; this implies that a conditional upper bound of Montgomery and Vaughan cannot be improved. In this paper, we derive analogous lower bounds on character sums for characters of odd order, which are best possible in view of the corresponding conditional upper bounds recently obtained by the first author.

Goldmakher, Leo

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Hidden Markov models for character recognition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A hierarchical system for character recognition with hidden Markov model knowledge sources which solve both the context sensitivity problem and the character instantiation problem is presented. The system achieves 97-99% accuracy using a two-level architecture and has been implemented using a systolic array, thus permitting real-time (1 ms per character) multifont and multisize printed character recognition as well as handwriting recognition.

Vlontzos JA; Kung SY

1992-01-01

282

The elliptic Weyl character formula  

CERN Document Server

We calculate equivariant elliptic cohomology of the partial flag variety G/H, where H \\subseteq G are compact connected Lie groups of equal rank. We identify the RO(G)-graded coefficients Ell_G^* as powers of Looijenga's line bundle and prove that transfer along the map {\\pi}: G/H -\\rightarrow pt is calculated by the Weyl-Kac character formula. Treating ordinary cohomology, K-theory and elliptic cohomology in parallel, this paper organizes the theoretical framework for the elliptic Schubert calculus of [N.Ganter and A.Ram, Elliptic Schubert calculus. In preparation].

Ganter, Nora

2012-01-01

283

A note on generalized characters  

CERN Document Server

For a compactly generated LCA group $G$, it is shown that the set $H(G)$ of all generalized characters on $G$ equipped with the compact-open topology is a LCA group and $H(G) = \\dg$ (the dual group of $G$) if and only if $G$ is compact. Both results fail for arbitrary LCA groups. Further, if $G$ is second countable, then the Gel'fand space of the commutative convolution algebra $\\ccg$ equipped with the inductive limit topology is topologically homeomorphic to $\\hg$.

Bhatt, S J

2005-01-01

284

The Capricious Character of Nature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The on-going whole genome sequencing and whole cell assays of metabolites and proteins imply that complex systems could ultimately be mastered by perfecting knowledge into great detail. However, courses of nature are inherently intractable because flows of energy and their driving forces depend on each other. Thus no data will suffice to predict precisely the outcomes of e.g., engineering experiments. All path-dependent processes, most notably evolution in its entirety, display this capricious character of nature.

Jaana Keto; Arto Annila

2012-01-01

285

Character induction in p-groups  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Let G be a finite p-group and let χ be an irreducible character of G. Then χ is monomial; that is, χ=λG, where λ is a linear character of some subgroup of G. We are interested in locating subgroups of G which induce the character χ.

Teresa L. Santa Coloma

1986-01-01

286

Teaching Virtual Characters to use Body Language  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Non-verbal communication, or “body language”, is a critical component in constructing believable virtual characters. Most often, body language is implemented by a set of ad-hoc rules.We propose a new method for authors to specify and refine their character’s body-language responses. Using our method...

Friedman, Doron; Gillies, Marco

287

Semantic effects on Chinese character recognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Two experiments investigated whether knowledge of semantic radicals has an effect on Chinese character recognition. Experiment 1 used a lexical decision task to manipulate character frequency and combinability of the semantic radical defined as the number of characters in which the semantic radical ...

Su, IF; Weekes, B

288

Identification in healthy and pathological character formation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The character of the ego is built up via a series of identifications carried out in the course of development. As infants are forced by experience to give up the 'internal illusion' of primal identification with the powerful mother, the sense of helplessness that ensues leads to secondary identification to create an 'external illusion' of oneness with the mother during heightened stress or tension. Adequate experiences, leading to increasing trust and tolerance of frustration and tension, promote ego structuralization, self-object differentiation, and oedipal, triadic object relations. Inadequate experiences lead to pathological identifications that interfere with ego development. Oedipal conflicts produce new problems, which are dealt with in part by complex identifications that contribute extensively to the child's personality structure. Superego crystallization derives largely from these later identifications. In optimal circumstances, the identifications out of which the child's character is built become reworked and modified so that it becomes increasingly unique and independent of its sources in others. Stability is never absolute, however. Under stress, reversion is possible to dependence on powerful, charismatic leaders that offers return to the illusion of identificatory union with a powerful, protective, parental 'other'. This can be exploited by potentially dangerous, destructive leaders.

Silverman MA

1986-01-01

289

Body Language Advanced 3D Character Rigging  

CERN Multimedia

Whether you're a professional Character TD or just like to create 3D characters, this detailed guide reveals the techniques you need to create sophisticated 3D character rigs that range from basic to breathtaking. Packed with step-by-step instructions and full-color illustrations, Body Language walks you through rigging techniques for all the body parts to help you create realistic and believable movements in every character you design. You'll learn advanced rigging concepts that involve MEL scripting and advanced deformation techniques and even how to set up a character pipeline.

Allen, Eric; Fong, Jared; Sidwell, Adam G

2011-01-01

290

Block characters of the symmetric groups  

CERN Multimedia

Block character of a finite symmetric group S(n) is a positive definite function which depends only on the number of cycles in permutation. We describe the cone of block characters by identifying its extreme rays, and find relations of the characters to descent representations and the coinvariant algebra of S(n). We also study counterparts of the block characters for the infinite symmetric group S(\\infty) along with their connection to the Thoma characters of the infinite linear group GL(\\infty,q) over a Galois field.

Gnedin, Alexander; Kerov, Sergei

2011-01-01

291

Skew characters which contain only few components  

CERN Multimedia

In this paper we determine all skew characters which contain at most 5 components. This means that if the skew character is written as a sum of irreducible characters then there will only be at most 5 different irreducible characters (which can have multiplicity greater than 1). For this we use an inequality of LR-coefficients proved in a former paper. We use this to prove also two more theorems related to the components and constituents of skew characters. We also give an easy bijection between partitions of n with two different kinds of 1's and 2's to pairs of partitions of n+2 which differ by only one box.

Gutschwager, Christian

2010-01-01

292

Artificial Neural Network Based Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Optical Character Recognition deals in recognition and classification of characters from an image. For the recognition to be accurate, certain topological and geometrical properties are calculated, based on which a character is classified and recognized. Also, the Human psychology perceives characters by its overall shape and features such as strokes, curves, protrusions, enclosures etc. These properties, also calledFeatures are extracted from the image by means of spatial pixel-based calculation. A collection of such features, called Vectors, help in defining a character uniquely, by means of an Artificial Neural Network that uses these Feature Vectors.

Vivek Shrivastava; Navdeep Sharma

2012-01-01

293

Pema’s Tale: Intercultural Communication as Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intercultural communication is typically conceptualized in terms of business-oriented models that focus on the binary differences between cultural groups. Beginning with Edward Hall, the foundational premise is that the basis of effective communication with people of cultures other than our own is a thorough understanding of the disparities between cultural groups. This paper argues that intercultural communication should entail not merely the business-like, efficient exchange of information with different others but the crucial development of a feeling of connection and an appreciation for diverse ways of being in the world. Building upon the work of Jerome Bruner, it further suggests that the focus on dissimilarities which traditional models enforce obscures a true understanding of how intercultural communications can be enabled by a fundamental similarity: the human impulse to make sense of the world through narrative.

Ellen Rose

2011-01-01

294

Kanji character recognition using neural networks. Neural Net wo mochiita kanji ninshiki  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As a part of the development of multi-font printed Kanji character recognition through neural networks, three recognition architectures were developed, (1) the character feature shift tolerant neural network architecture, (2) the receptive field neural network architecture to enhance a recognition accuracy by taking notice of only essential portions to recognition and (3) the hierarchical structure for the rough, moderate and precise classification of characters. As a result, the recognition accuracy was 99.9% to 12,379 characters selected from a trained data set, and 99.0% to 12,302 characters with 13 fonts selected from a test data set, indicating the feasibility of such advanced character recognition equipment with large-scale neural networks. In addition, the VLSI for neural networks was presented which is composed of 64 arithmetic elements with a clock frequency of 25 MHz and allows to recognize 100 or more printed characters per second. 6 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Ueda, T.; Ishizuka, Y.; Aramaki, T.; Togawa, F.; Tanaka, A. (Sharp Corp., Osaka (Japan))

1991-12-10

295

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

Mette Terp Høybe; Christoffer Johansen; Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen

2009-01-01

296

Storytelling, marginality, and community in Australia: how immigrants position their difference in health care settings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Stories of conflict with hospital services, medical mismanagement, and negative outcomes of procedures and treatment circulate within immigrant communities. While the interpretations of medical events are often based on misperceptions and misunderstandings, the stories have instructional value in that they explain an unfamiliar system to new immigrants and provide starting points for advocacy for improved services. Our analysis of gossip and storytelling among women from the Horn of Africa involves an examination of stories of "pork injections," rejection of "black babies," and clinical incompetence. The data are drawn from a study of reproductive health and reproductive rights that was conducted among refugee and immigrant women from Sahel African and Middle Eastern communities in Melbourne, Australia.

Manderson L; Allotey P

2003-01-01

297

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

HØybye, Mette Terp; Johansen, Christoffer

2005-01-01

298

Digital Storytelling as a Whole-Class Learning Activity: Lessons from a Three-Years Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces PoliCultura, a project created by Politecnico di Milano for the Italian schools, which has just completed three years of deployment. Participating classes (with pupils aged between 4 and 18 years) are required to create their own multimedia story, using an authoring-delivery environment (1001stories) provided by Politecnico di Milano. PoliCultura has offered us the opportunity to investigate the prolonged use of digital storytelling authoring tools as a whole-class educational activity in a wide number of real educational settings: approximately 7,620 pupils from 381 classes have been involved in this project since its birth in 2006. From the overall PoliCultura experience and from the wide amount of qualitative and quantitative data collected from participants though online surveys, focus groups, interviews and contextual inquiry activities, we have learned a number of lessons that we discuss in the paper.

di Blas, Nicoletta; Garzotto, Franca; Paolini, Paolo; Sabiescu, Amalia

299

A Novel Technique to Read Small and Capital Handwritten Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A system has been developed for text writingsystems using Support Vector Machines (SVM) iscalled Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR).The main challenge in handwritten characterrecognition for Small and Capital letter is to build asystem that is able to distinguish between variationin writing the same stroke (when the same stroke iswritten by different writers or the same writer atdifferent times) and minor variation in similarcharacters in the script. Other issues faced can beattributed to the large number of character andstroke classes. Some Indian scripts have charactermodifiers occurring in multiple non-overlappinghorizontal units which are positioned on one orboth sides of the main consonant. In such cases, wemay also need to keep track of the sequence ofhorizontal units as they are written. The mainproblem in handwritten character recognition isrecognition for Small and Capital letter is to build asystem that is able to distinguish between variationin writing the same stroke and minor variation insimilar characters in the script. Handwrittencharacter recognition is not a new technology but itnot gained public attention. The various featuresthat are considered for classification are thecharacter height, character width, the number ofhorizontal lines (long and short, image centroid andspecial dots. In this research paper extractedfeatures were passed to a Support Vector Machine(SVM) where the characters are classified bySupervised Learning Algorithm. These classes aremapped onto for recognition. Then the text isreconstructed using fonts.

Ms. Ekta Tiwari; Dr. Maneesh Shreevastava

2012-01-01

300

Efficient learning strategy of chinese characters based on network approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on the network of the hierarchical structural relations between Chinese characters. A more efficient strategy is that of learning the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that considers both the weight of the nodes and its location in the network hierarchical structure. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as a second language. We find that the DNW method significantly outperforms the others, implying that the efficiency of current learning methods of major textbooks can be greatly improved.

Yan X; Fan Y; Di Z; Havlin S; Wu J

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Iterative character constructions for algebra groups  

CERN Multimedia

We construct a family of orthogonal characters of an algebra group which decompose the supercharacters defined by Diaconis and Isaacs. Like supercharacters, these characters are given by nonnegative integer linear combinations of Kirillov functions and are induced from linear supercharacters of certain algebra subgroups. We derive a formula for these characters and give a condition for their irreducibility; generalizing a theorem of Otto, we also show that each such character has the same number of Kirillov functions and irreducible characters as constituents. In proving these results, we observe as an application how a recent computation by Evseev implies that every irreducible character of the unitriangular group $\\UT_n(q)$ of unipotent $n\\times n$ upper triangular matrices over a finite field with $q$ elements is a Kirillov function if and only if $n\\leq 12$. As a further application, we discuss some more general conditions showing that Kirillov functions are characters, and describe some results related t...

Marberg, Eric

2010-01-01

302

Kannada character recognition system using neural network  

Science.gov (United States)

Handwriting recognition has been one of the active and challenging research areas in the field of pattern recognition. It has numerous applications which include, reading aid for blind, bank cheques and conversion of any hand written document into structural text form. As there is no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 15 major scripts in India. In this paper an attempt is made to recognize handwritten Kannada characters using Feed Forward neural networks. A handwritten Kannada character is resized into 20x30 Pixel. The resized character is used for training the neural network. Once the training process is completed the same character is given as input to the neural network with different set of neurons in hidden layer and their recognition accuracy rate for different Kannada characters has been calculated and compared. The results show that the proposed system yields good recognition accuracy rates comparable to that of other handwritten character recognition systems.

Kumar, Suresh D. S.; Kamalapuram, Srinivasa K.; Kumar, Ajay B. R.

2013-03-01

303

Storytelling and environmental information: connecting schoolchildren and herpetofauna in Morocco.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Northwestern Morocco is undergoing a sudden change in the level of infrastructure growth and pressure on the environment from increased tourism. The ongoing changes are raising questions about how the ecosystem will react, and the relevant drivers of these changes. The Oued Laou valley in north-west Morocco hosts high landscape, species and human cultural diversity. The Talassemtane National Park has been established to preserve the environment in this region; however, what information tools are available to children regarding this environment? The ecosystem is illustrated here using three components: herpetofauna (representing ecosystem components), problems related to water quantity and quality (representing interactions within ecosystem components) and Talassemtane National Park (representing a case of ecosystem management). A children's book was written on this topic, and when the book was delivered to pupils, a questionnaire was included, aimed at determining their sources of environmental information. The results identified major changes in the sources of information utilized by children in this part of Morocco, a clear role of schools in explaining ecosystem components, and an increasing role of TV in environmental information supply. The role of the family was found to be less important than TV or school. Another major source of pupils' environmental knowledge is personal observation and hands-on experience, both for rural and urban children. Children are willing to discover and understand complex systems, and researchers should be encouraged to supply children with correct and up-to-date information on environmental systems, focusing at first on the local environment, as a background for sustainable development.

Fanini L; Fahd S

2009-06-01

304

Mediated Character of Economic Interactions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract: Economic interactions are conducted between economic agents - individuals and collectives, through exchange of natural or artificial entities - goods, services and money, in a myriad of combinations. In this article we adopt a microscopic point of view, concentrate on the exchanged entities, and extract their relevant attributes as seen from structurally simple economic processes. Following that, we approach the interpretation of the economic interactions with their mediated character emphasized. Mediators of the interaction are locally available environment units. They are locally recognized and appropriately interpreted in a given value set as goods and money. The overall intensity of economic interactions considered is related to mediators' spatial and temporal characteristics. Extracted characteristics of mediators and economic processes are compacted in the set of formal rules. The approach is connected with similar approaches in economy and physics.

Josip Stepanic; Igor Bertovic; Josip Kasac

2003-01-01

305

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing given by (alpha, beta) (alpha * beta) [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X). The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareamento dado por (alfa,beta) (alfa * beta) [X] induz isomorfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X). A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada.

REESE HARVEY; BLAINE LAWSON

2001-01-01

306

Building corporate character. Interview by Nan Stone.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Stride Rite is a good company by any definition: Keds, Sperry Top-Siders, and Stride Rite children's shoes are consumer favorites for their fit, quality, and comfort. Wall Street analysts praise the company's outstanding financial performance. Innovative programs such as the first corporate child-care center and public service scholarships support Stride Rite's reputation as one of the most responsible employers and corporate citizens in the United States. Behind Stride Rite's good performance are the building blocks of corporate character: a legacy of quality and service and a leader committed to keeping that legacy lively. When Stride Rite shipped its first children's shoes in 1919, they came with the company's commitment "to produce an honest quality product in an honest way and deliver it as promised." For Arnold Hiatt, that commitment has been the driving force behind the company's evolution from manufacturing into marketing and product development as well as the guiding principle in its relations with consumers, dealers, suppliers, and employees. But Stride Rite's corporate character is also a reflection of Hiatt himself. In his early 20s, Hiatt fled a management training program "designed to make carnivores" out of its new employees and bought Blue Star Shoes, a small manufacturing company that had gone into Chapter 11. Through experience and "stumbling around," he built Blue Star's sales to $5 million-and got a practical education in management, markets, and human nature that has proved equally useful in running Stride Rite.

Hiatt A

1992-03-01

307

Spectral Analysis of Projection Histogram for Enhancing Close matching character Recognition in Malayalam  

CERN Multimedia

The success rates of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) systems for printed Malayalam documents is quite impressive with the state of the art accuracy levels in the range of 85-95% for various. However for real applications, further enhancement of this accuracy levels are required. One of the bottle necks in further enhancement of the accuracy is identified as close-matching characters. In this paper, we delineate the close matching characters in Malayalam and report the development of a specialised classifier for these close-matching characters. The output of a state of the art of OCR is taken and characters falling into the close-matching character set is further fed into this specialised classifier for enhancing the accuracy. The classifier is based on support vector machine algorithm and uses feature vectors derived out of spectral coefficients of projection histogram signals of close-matching characters.

Divakaran, Sajilal

2012-01-01

308

The nuclear fuel rod character recognition system based on neural network technique  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The nuclear fuel rods should be discriminated and managed systematically by numeric characters which are printed at the end part of each rod in the process of producing fuel assembly. The characters are used to examine manufacturing process of the fuel rods in the inspection process of irradiated fuel rod. Therefore automatic character recognition is one of the most important technologies to establish automatic manufacturing process of fuel assembly. In the developed character recognition system, mesh feature set extracted from each character written in the fuel rod is employed to train a neural network based on back-propagation algorithm as a classifier for character recognition system. Performance evaluation has been achieved on a test set which is not included in a training character set. (author).

Kim, Woong-Ki; Park, Soon-Yong; Lee, Yong-Bum; Kim, Seung-Ho; Lee, Jong-Min [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Chien, Sung-Il

1994-12-31

309

Rates of phenotypic evolution of ecological characters and sexual traits during the Tanganyikan cichlid adaptive radiation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Theory suggests that sexual traits evolve faster than ecological characters. However, characteristics of a species niche may also influence evolution of sexual traits. Hence, a pending question is whether ecological characters and sexual traits present similar tempo and mode of evolution during periods of rapid ecological divergence, such as adaptive radiation. Here, we use recently developed phylogenetic comparative methods to analyse the temporal dynamics of evolution for ecological and sexual traits in Tanganyikan cichlids. Our results indicate that whereas disparity in ecological characters was concentrated early in the radiation, disparity in sexual traits remained high throughout the radiation. Thus, closely related Tanganyikan cichlids presented higher disparity in sexual traits than ecological characters. Sexual traits were also under stronger selection than ecological characters. In sum, our results suggest that ecological characters and sexual traits present distinct evolutionary patterns, and that sexual traits can evolve faster than ecological characters, even during adaptive radiation.

Gonzalez-Voyer A; Kolm N

2011-11-01

310

Rates of phenotypic evolution of ecological characters and sexual traits during the Tanganyikan cichlid adaptive radiation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Theory suggests that sexual traits evolve faster than ecological characters. However, characteristics of a species niche may also influence evolution of sexual traits. Hence, a pending question is whether ecological characters and sexual traits present similar tempo and mode of evolution during periods of rapid ecological divergence, such as adaptive radiation. Here, we use recently developed phylogenetic comparative methods to analyse the temporal dynamics of evolution for ecological and sexual traits in Tanganyikan cichlids. Our results indicate that whereas disparity in ecological characters was concentrated early in the radiation, disparity in sexual traits remained high throughout the radiation. Thus, closely related Tanganyikan cichlids presented higher disparity in sexual traits than ecological characters. Sexual traits were also under stronger selection than ecological characters. In sum, our results suggest that ecological characters and sexual traits present distinct evolutionary patterns, and that sexual traits can evolve faster than ecological characters, even during adaptive radiation. PMID:21848985

Gonzalez-Voyer, A; Kolm, N

2011-08-16

311

The nuclear fuel rod character recognition system based on neural network technique  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nuclear fuel rods should be discriminated and managed systematically by numeric characters which are printed at the end part of each rod in the process of producing fuel assembly. The characters are used to examine manufacturing process of the fuel rods in the inspection process of irradiated fuel rod. Therefore automatic character recognition is one of the most important technologies to establish automatic manufacturing process of fuel assembly. In the developed character recognition system, mesh feature set extracted from each character written in the fuel rod is employed to train a neural network based on back-propagation algorithm as a classifier for character recognition system. Performance evaluation has been achieved on a test set which is not included in a training character set. (author)

1994-06-01

312

Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|Much current debate in 21st century education centers on the relevance of the humanities because of the emphasis on science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines and their role in workforce preparation. For the educators the question becomes, What can the humanities offer students in the 21st century? This is the generation that…

King, Michael D.

2012-01-01

313

The Public Library and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Storyteller-in-Residence Program of the Cape Breton Regional Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In June 2011, the Cape Breton Regional Library Board appointed Ken Chisholm as its Storyteller-in-Residence, the first such appointment for a public library system in Nova Scotia. The board was also one of the first public bodies in Canada to make a program decision that specifically cited the UNESCO Convention on the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The part-time position was created following local and external research and consultations, and the establishment of a formal selection and advisory process. This article briefly highlights the other “library laureate” programs that were studied and presents an overview of the process adopted by the Cape Breton Regional Library. The Storyteller-in-Residence is a permanent program, although the successful candidate is named to a two-year term. The Storyteller-in-Residence helps communities to preserve memories and oral traditions, serves as an ambassador for the library, and assists with activities in the library’s 13 branches and two bookmobiles.

Tom Urbaniak

2012-01-01

314

RECOGNITION OF OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN ISOLATED URDU CHARACTER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an approach for recognition of offline handwritten isolated Urdu character based on Invariant Moments. Handwritten Urdu character recognition is lagging behind due to segmentation dilemma and complexity of Urdu letter writing. An attempt is made to apply Moment Invariant technique followed by Primary and secondary component separation. The Urdu letters were grouped into single component and multi-component characters. If letter is multi-component then Secondary component were separated from primary component. SVM is adopted for classification and position of secondary component (Above, Below and middle) is considered for recognition. For each of 46 characters 200 image samples were used for training and 600 for testing respectively. In this manner overall 36800 handwritten characters were used to apply the technique. Overall performance rate is found to be 93.59% for all offline handwritten isolated Urdu characters. It is possible to enhance the accuracy of system by combining more structural and statistical features.

Imran Khan Pathan, Abdulbari Ahmed Ali and Ramteke R.J.

2012-01-01

315

Online Handwritten Lao Character Recognition by MRF  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes on-line recognition of handwritten Lao characters by adopting Markov random field (MRF). The character set to recognize includes consonants, vowels and tone marks, 52 characters in total. It extracts feature points along the pen-tip trace from pen-down to pen-up, and then sets each feature point from an input pattern as a site and each state from a character class as a label. It recognizes an input pattern by using a linear-chain MRF model to assign labels to the sites of the input pattern. It employs the coordinates of feature points as unary features and the transitions of the coordinates between the neighboring feature points as binary features. An evaluation on the Lao character pattern database demonstrates the robustness of our proposed method with recognition rate of 92.41% and respectable recognition time of less than a second per character.

Saysourinhong, Latsamy; Zhu, Bilan; Nakagawa, Masaki

316

Online Character Recognition of Handwritten Cursive Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Text recognition is an area of pattern recognition that has been the subject of considerable interest during the last five decades. Handwritten text show wide stylistic variations. In this paper cursive characters have been recognized. Segmentation of words into characters is performed by feature extractor method. The segmented characters is then given as the input to template matching algorithm in which an incoming input is re-sized and each and every character in it is extracted. Then the extracted character is matched against the standard templates. Here pixel by pixel matching takes place for recognition. Recognition of unconstrained handwritten text is very difficult because characters cannot be reliably isolated especially when the text is cursive handwriting. But it is implemented in this project with high accuracy.

Muthumani .I; Uma Kumari C.R

2012-01-01

317

Optical character recognition of handwritten Arabic using hidden Markov models  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The problem of optical character recognition (OCR) of handwritten Arabic has not received a satisfactory solution yet. In this paper, an Arabic OCR algorithm is developed based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) combined with the Viterbi algorithm, which results in an improved and more robust recognition of characters at the sub-word level. Integrating the HMMs represents another step of the overall OCR trends being currently researched in the literature. The proposed approach exploits the structure of characters in the Arabic language in addition to their extracted features to achieve improved recognition rates. Useful statistical information of the Arabic language is initially extracted and then used to estimate the probabilistic parameters of the mathematical HMM. A new custom implementation of the HMM is developed in this study, where the transition matrix is built based on the collected large corpus, and the emission matrix is built based on the results obtained via the extracted character features. The recognition process is triggered using the Viterbi algorithm which employs the most probable sequence of sub-words. The model was implemented to recognize the sub-word unit of Arabic text raising the recognition rate from being linked to the worst recognition rate for any character to the overall structure of the Arabic language. Numerical results show that there is a potentially large recognition improvement by using the proposed algorithms.

Aulama, Mohannad M. [University of Jordan; Natsheh, Asem M. [University of Jordan; Abandah, Gheith A. [University of Jordan; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL

2011-01-01

318

Narrative Survival. The Power of Personal Narration, Discussed through the Personal Story-Telling of Fictional Characters, Particularly Those Created by Margaret Atwood.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the component parts of personal narrative, the sort of language resources they consist of, and the respective roles they can play in turning sense into experience. People share in the making of their stories, evaluating them creatively with the help of their hearers. To survive in a complex world of meanings, a narrator must constantly…

Shepherd, Valerie

1995-01-01

319

Algebraic Characters for Harish-Chandra modules  

CERN Multimedia

We give a purely cohomological treatment of a character theory for (g,K)-modules. This leads to a beautiful formalism extending to large categories of (g,K)-modules. Due to results of Hecht-Schmid and Vogan the classical results of Harish-Chandra's global character theory extend to this setting. This algebraic approach reduces (not necessarily admissible) discretely decomposable branching problems to finiteness statements about multiplicities of composition factors and appropriate character formulas.

Januszewski, Fabian

2012-01-01

320

Character localization and recognition application for Smartphone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Smart Phones have Internet access anywhere. The automatic text localization and recognition of text within a natural image is very useful for many problems. Once identified, the text can be used for many purposes. User can get current information about the product, place or boards. More exciting applications can be developed over the text extraction method with a high performance while also being computationally inexpensive. There are various methods proposed for Text Localization, text area segmentation, sign recognition and translation, Optical Character Recognition. In this paper we have described these methods. We have also compared all methods on the basis of performance and accuracy. Finally we concluded some good methods for Smartphone OCR application.

Snehal Charjan, R. V. Mante, P. N. Chatur

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Game Character Creation with Blender and Unity  

CERN Document Server

A complete guide to creating usable, realistic game characters with two powerful tools Creating viable game characters requires a combination of skills. This book teaches game creators how to create usable, realistic game assets using the power of an open-source 3D application and a free game engine. It presents a step-by-step approach to modeling, texturing, and animating a character using the popular Blender software, with emphasis on low polygon modeling and an eye for using sculpting and textures, and demonstrates how to bring the character into the Unity game engine. Game creation is a po

Totten, Chris

2012-01-01

322

ZBrush Studio Projects Realistic Game Characters  

CERN Document Server

Tips and techniques for bringing reality and creativity to your game characters and art As video games evolve, the bar moves ever higher for realism, one of the most challenging artistic frontiers is creating realistic human characters. In ZBrush Studio Projects: Realistic Game Characters, ZBrush expert Ryan Kingslien zeroes in on specific areas of concern for game creation: human body style, faces, skin texturing, clothing, shoes, weaponry, and putting your character into a game environment. Throughout the book Ryan offers tips and insights that provide readers with the depth and breadth they

Kingslien, Ryan

2011-01-01

323

Character and Caricature, Virtual and Real  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character, as personality, is formed through biology and culture. But the influence these forces have and the actual processes involved are not really known. Technology, as an important and always changing part of culture, offers us a window on the construc-tion of character especially in that strange new place: cyberspace. The virtual world allows people to play with their character in ways that are very diffi-cult “in real life.” This play reveals a great deal about what is biologically immutable and what isn’t after all. In particular gender, race, and embodiment in general are treated quite differently on-line then in the flesh. And character/caricature formation in the MUDS and MOOS and other cyber-places throws light on the processes of character, such as the roles of evocative technologies, the feedback loops of will and non-will (addiction), and the potentiality of fan-tasies actualized. In particular political participation on the internet reveals the limits of what real char-acter can be manifested in a simulated environment. It seems cyborgian character is more plastic in some ways than most observers would have predicted; but character, as integrity, will still determine how far the role of caricature will go in supplanting charac-ter

Chris Hables Gray

2004-01-01

324

Temperament and character in transsexuals.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate personality in transsexuals. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) profiles of 166 male-to-female (MF) and 88 female-to-male (FM) transsexuals were compared with those of a control group of males and females. MF and FM transsexuals scored significantly lower than males and females in RD4 (more independent) and C3 (more self-centeredness). MF transsexuals scored higher than males and females in HA4 (more fatigable), ST and ST3 (more spiritual acceptance), and lower in C5 (more opportunistic); moreover, they showed higher scores than males in RD1 (more sentimental) and lower than females in C (less cooperativeness). FM transsexuals scored lower than females in HA2 (more daring and confident), RD (less sentimental), and C5 (more opportunistic). Compared with FM, MF transsexuals scored higher on HA2 (more fearful), RD, RD1 (more sentimental), ST, ST2 and ST3 (more spiritual). All these differences were less than half a standard deviation except for C3. Data show that transsexuals and controls display a similar personality profile, even though there are some differential personality traits. Moreover, the personality profile of transsexuals was closer to the profile of subjects who shared their gender identity than those who shared their anatomical sex.

Gómez-Gil E; Gutiérrez F; Cañizares S; Zubiaurre-Elorza L; Monràs M; Esteva de Antonio I; Salamero M; Guillamón A

2013-08-01

325

Large character sums: Pretentious characters and the Polya-Vinogradov Theorem  

CERN Document Server

In 1918 Polya and Vinogradov gave an upper bound for the maximal size of character sums which still remains the best known general estimate. One of the main results of this paper provides a substantial improvement of the Polya-Vinogradov bound for characters of odd, bounded order. In 1977 Montgomery and Vaughan showed how the Polya-Vinogradov inequality may be sharpened assuming the GRH. We give a simple proof of their estimate, and provide an improvement for characters of odd, bounded order. The paper also gives characterizations of the characters for which the maximal character sum is large, and finds a hidden structure among these characters.

Granville, A; Granville, Andrew

2005-01-01

326

Character-specific homeostasis dominates fluctuating asymmetries in the medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) indicate random variation in size of bilaterally-produced traits, which occurs during development, and hence measures the degree of developmental instability. Whole-individual homeostasis has been assumed responsible for the negative correlation that has often been found between FA of many sexually selected traits and their size. We show that, theoretically, character-specific homeostasis can provide an equally convincing explanation for this correlation. Furthermore, we tested these two hypotheses for (1) a sexually dimorphic character and (2) sexually monomorphic characters of the male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, by manipulating density during larval development. Our results clearly support character-specific homeostasis. (author)

2002-01-01

327

Offline Character Recognition using Monte Carlo Method and Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Human Machine interface are constantly gaining improvements because of increasing development ofcomputer tools. Handwritten Character Recognition do have various significant applications like formscanning, verification, validation, or checks reading. Because of the importance of these applicationspassionate research in the field of Off-Line handwritten character recognition is going on. The challenge inrecognising the handwritings lies in the nature ofhumans, having unique styles in terms of font, contours,etc. This paper presents a novice approach to identify the offline characters; we call it as characterdividerapproach which can be used after pre-processing stage. We devise an innovative approach for featureextraction known as vector contour. We also discussthe pros and cons including limitations, of ourapproach.

Hitesh Rajput; Tanmoy Som; Somitra Kar

2013-01-01

328

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareamento dado por (alfa,beta) (alfa * beta) [X] induz iso (more) morfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X). A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada. Abstract in english A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing given by (alpha, beta) (alpha * beta) [X] induces isomorphisms (more) mg src="http:/img/fbpe/aabc/v73n2/fo2.gif" alt="fo2.gif (1110 bytes)"> onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X). The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.

HARVEY, REESE; LAWSON, BLAINE

2001-06-01

329

Improving Social Competence through Character Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education is supposed to meet early adolescents' need (i.e., eighth and ninth graders) for strengthening social competence. Moreover, adolescents' engagement in character education is integral to their learning from the education. The engagement and deficit in social competence are therefore plausible conditions for the effectiveness of…

Cheung, Chau-kiu; Lee, Tak-yan

2010-01-01

330

The character spectrum of beta(N)  

CERN Multimedia

We show the consistency of: the set of regular cardinals which are the character of some ultrafilter on omega can be quite chaotic, in particular not only can be not convex but can have many gaps. We also deal with the set of pi-characters of ultrafilters on omega.

Shelah, Saharon

2010-01-01

331

Improving Social Competence through Character Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Character education is supposed to meet early adolescents' need (i.e., eighth and ninth graders) for strengthening social competence. Moreover, adolescents' engagement in character education is integral to their learning from the education. The engagement and deficit in social competence are therefore plausible conditions for the effectiveness of…

Cheung, Chau-kiu; Lee, Tak-yan

2010-01-01

332

Nonlinear Internal Friction Character of Foamed Aluminum  

Science.gov (United States)

An experiment has been carried out to investigate the damping behavior of foamed aluminum. It was found that foamed aluminum has a significant nonlinear internal friction character, i.e., its damping capacity is amplitude-dependent, and this character tends to be more pronounced with decreasing the density and pore size.

Han, Fu-sheng; Zhu, Zhen-gang; Wang, Shan-ying; Liu, Chang-song

1998-01-01

333

On the character of hygienic science.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In its nature, ends and purposes, hygiene is a medical science. Consequently, it can be axiomatically accepted that the character of medicine is also the character of hygiene. Traditionally, medicine ranks among biological sciences. The author deliberates on the need to regard the current complex of medical sciences, hygiene included, as socio-biological sciences.

Stefanov B

1987-01-01

334

Multilevel Classifier in Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Characters  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem statement: Arabic offline handwriting recognition is considered one of the most challenging topics. This is probably caused by the fact that Arabic recognition system faced many problems during the development stage. It faces the usual problems of character recognition in ge...

Rawan I. Zaghloul; Enas F. AlRawashdeh; Dojanah M.K. Bader

335

Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the...

Xiaoping Yu

336

Study on the characters of the meridian acceleration axial fan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper describes the superior features of the JBTG1 type axial fan over the JBT type. The successful development of the ring diverter helps to promote its efficiency and to improve the unstable character of air flow in a high pressure zone at a low flow rate; and smooths the power curve by improving the camel peak.

1983-11-01

337

Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

Xiaoping Yu

2010-01-01

338

A Comparison and Research on the Sino-U.S Character Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character education seeks to develop virtue—human excellence—as the foundation of a purposeful, productive, and fulfilling life and a just, compassionate, and flourishing society. This study was taken in view of the growing importance of character education in P.R.China and United States. Significant differences and similarities were found in mechanism and perceptions about character education in these two countries. The underlying reasons that may account for such differences are discussed extensively.

Baoren Su

2009-01-01

339

Character and Effective Leadership of the Knowledge Worker  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ulrich in the forward to the Zenger and Folkman (2002) book, ''The Extraordinary Leader'', wrote about the importance of character in leadership stating, ''Everything about great leaders radiates from character. Character improves the probability of exhibiting strong interpersonal skill. Some of this perceived character is innate . . . but more is driven by the leader's self-awareness and interactions with others'' (p. ix). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership effectiveness and character using leader-managers of knowledge workers as the subject sample. Findings indicated that character, particularly those factors associated with honesty, setting the example, and valuing and strengthening others, were what set the most effective leader-managers apart from their peers. Technical competence and self-efficacy were found to be common characteristics of the study sample as was a drive for results. Who a leader-manager is, his/her substance, was found in this study to differentiate the ''best'' leader-managers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By their character, leader-managers establish the environment in which knowledge workers contribute and grow. As found by Pfeiffer (2000), Leaders of companies that experience smaller gaps between what they know and what they do (to turn knowledge into action), understand that their most important task is not necessarily to make strategic decisions, or, for that matter any decisions at all. Their task is to help build systems of practice that produce a more reliable transformation of knowledge into action. Leaders create environments, reinforce norms, and help set expectations through what they do. (p. 261) In other words, as confirmed by this research study, their task is to model the way. Study results also confirmed Ulrich's (1996) supposition that to create the ''air'' in which employees work, leaders have the personal characteristics that engender trust and commitment. In other words, as study results confirmed, the most effective leader-managers establish trusting relationships and strengthen others--they enable others; and, are just, fair, sincere, and recognize contributions--they encourage the heart. Based on study findings, the leadership development model proposed was founded on the premise that character can be developed, particularly if done so through assessment and challenging assignments, with coaching, mentoring, and peer network support. However, development of character requires a shift in our leadership development programs. What causes this shift is a focus on learning by doing through challenging assignments and teaching others rather than learning through event focused assessment and course work. Character cannot be learned in the classroom; it needs to be developed through experience and then learned by feedback, reflection, coaching, and teaching others. Study findings indicated that knowledge workers want to be encouraged, believed in and lead by those they trust to inspire them to accomplish the goals and objectives of the organization. To cause a workforce to generate intellectual capital for the organization, study findings found that the leader-manager's ''character'' does make a difference.

Khoury, A E

2005-04-20

340

Understanding digital storytelling: individual ‘voice’ and community-building in youth media programs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling (DST) has been widely used as a means of empowerment for marginalised voices across community-based projects worldwide. This paper discusses uses but also limitations of the practice in the context of a Melbourne-based youth media program for ‘youth at risk’ called YouthWorx. Based on our ongoing, long-term ethnographic research, we explore the cultural production of digital stories as a co-creative process that exposes a range of controversies to do with the politics of ‘voice’, genre’s communicative potential and ethical considerations. Concrete examples from YouthWorx’s pedagogical work serve to illustrate the values of self-expression (‘voice’), critical reflection and collaboration that form part of broader social transformations generated by these creative practices. The critique of DST practice offered here connects with existing studies concerned with the socially contextualised processes of media education, and the theoretical shift beyond ‘the right to speak’ towards ‘the right to be understood’ (Husband, 2009). The paper recommends more analytical attention be paid to a dynamic social process of learning (of media, interpersonal competencies) and community-building, extending beyond the immediate DST situation, rather than narrowing the focus on end-result atomised media products.

Dr Aneta Podkalicka; Dr Craig Campbell

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Visual storytelling in 2D and stereoscopic 3D video: effect of blur on visual attention  

Science.gov (United States)

Visual attention is an inherent mechanism that plays an important role in the human visual perception. As our visual system has limited capacity and cannot efficiently process the information from the entire visual field, we focus our attention on specific areas of interest in the image for detailed analysis of these areas. In the context of media entertainment, the viewers' visual attention deployment is also influenced by the art of visual storytelling. To this date, visual editing and composition of scenes in stereoscopic 3D content creation still mostly follows those used in 2D. In particular, out-of-focus blur is often used in 2D motion pictures and photography to drive the viewer's attention towards a sharp area of the image. In this paper, we study specifically the impact of defocused foreground objects on visual attention deployment in stereoscopic 3D content. For that purpose, we conducted a subjective experiment using an eyetracker. Our results bring more insights on the deployment of visual attention in stereoscopic 3D content viewing, and provide further understanding on visual attention behavior differences between 2D and 3D. Our results show that a traditional 2D scene compositing approach such as the use of foreground blur does not necessarily produce the same effect on visual attention deployment in 2D and 3D. Implications for stereoscopic content creation and visual fatigue are discussed.

Huynh-Thu, Quan; Vienne, Cyril; Blondé, Laurent

2013-03-01

342

Character Recognition using RCS with Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS, Fuzzy Neural Network and Radial Basis Network. Where the characters are classified using supervised learning algorithm. These classes are mapped onto Unicode for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using Unicode fonts. This character recognition finds applications in document analysis where the handwritten document can be converted to editable printed document. This approach can be extended to recognition and reproduction of hand written documents in South Indian languages. In the training set, a recognition rate of 100% was achieved and in the test set the recognized speed for each character is 0.1sec and accuracy is 97%. Understandably, the training set produced much higher recognition rate than the test set. Structure analysis suggested that the proposed system of RCS with back propagation network is given higher recognition rate.

C. Sureshkumar; T. Ravichandran

2010-01-01

343

Survey and Classification of Character Recognition System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Variation in handwriting among different writers occurs since each writer possesses own speed of writing, different styles, sizes or positions for characters or text. Variation in handwriting styles also exists within individual person’s handwriting. This variation may take place due to: writing in various situations that may or may not be comfortable to writer; different moods of writer; style of writing same characters with different shapes in different situations or as a part of different words; using different kinds of hardware for handwriting. This paper provides a survey, and classification of various character recognition techniques.

Priya Sharma#1 , Randhir Singh

2013-01-01

344

Modular transformations of c ? 1 Virasoro characters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We study the action of the modular group on the unitary Virasoro characters when c?1. In the case of a discrete distribution of primary fields, the characters cannot transform linearly unless pathological convergence properties are allowed. In the continuous case, a unique linear transformation exists, but the vacuum character falls outside the transformed spectrum except at c=1; in this case we explicitly construct a continuous modular-invariant partition function, identified with that of a free uncompactified boson. We discuss possible physical implications of our findings. (orig.).

1990-01-01

345

Alterations in subspecific characters of groundnut  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recombination of beneficial characters associated in the cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) belonging to the two subspecies hypogaea and fastigiata had little success in conventional breeding programme. The cultures of ssp. hypogaea have the desirable characters for the crop improvement viz; various growth habits, profuse branching, large pod, seed dormancy and stress tolerance. Sequential flowering, early maturity, compact fruiting habit and high kernel outturn are the other useful characters present in ssp. fastigiata cultures. Mutation research in a popular variety, Spanish Improved belonging to ssp. fastigiata led to the selection of various mutants. One among the mutants had large pod, a characteristic of hypogaea ssp. Hybridization among the mutants and improved cultivars as well as radiation treatment of selected cultures resulted in the isolation of cultures having not only combinations and alterations of characters in both subspecies, but also modifications. These cultures are classified into major groups and their significance in the groundnut improvement is discussed. (author)

1983-01-01

346

Kannada Character Recognition System A Review  

CERN Multimedia

Intensive research has been done on optical character recognition ocr and a large number of articles have been published on this topic during the last few decades. Many commercial OCR systems are now available in the market, but most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters. There are no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 12 major scripts in India. This paper presents a review of existing work on printed Kannada script and their results. The characteristics of Kannada script and Kannada Character Recognition System kcr are discussed in detail. Finally fusion at the classifier level is proposed to increase the recognition accuracy.

Indira, K

2010-01-01

347

Recognition of Handwritten Character of Manipuri Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper a backpropagation neural network based handwritten characters (Mapum Mayek ) recognition system of Manipuri Script is investigated. This paper presents various steps involved in the recognition process. It begins with thresholding of gray level image into binarised image, then from the binarised image the character pattern is segmented using connected component analysis and from the resized character matrix, its probabilistic features and fuzzy features are extracted. Using these features the network is trained and recognition tests are performed. Experiments indicate that the proposed recognition system performs well with the combined features and is robust to the writing variations that exist between persons and for a single person at different instances, thus being promising for user independent character recognition.

Tangkeshwar Thokchom; P.K. Bansal; Renu Vig; Seema Bawa

2010-01-01

348

Experimental demonstration of ecological character displacement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The evolutionary consequences of competition are of great interest to researchers studying sympatric speciation, adaptive radiation, species coexistence and ecological assembly. Competition's role in driving evolutionary change in phenotypic distributions, and thus causing ecological character displacement, has been inferred from biogeographical data and measurements of divergent selection on a focal species in the presence of competitors. However, direct experimental demonstrations of character displacement due to competition are rare. Results We demonstrate a causal role for competition in ecological character displacement. Using populations of the bacterium Escherichia coli that have adaptively diversified into ecotypes exploiting different carbon resources, we show that when interspecific competition is relaxed, phenotypic distributions converge. When we reinstate competition, phenotypic distributions diverge. Conclusion This accordion-like dynamic provides direct experimental evidence that competition for resources can cause evolutionary shifts in resource-related characters.

Tyerman Jabus G; Bertrand Melanie; Spencer Christine C; Doebeli Michael

2008-01-01

349

Randomness of character sums modulo $m$  

CERN Multimedia

Using a probabilistic model, based on random walks on the additive group $\\mathbb{Z}/m\\mathbb{Z}$, we prove that the values of certain real character sums are uniformly distributed in residue classes modulo $m$.

Lamzouri, Youness

2011-01-01

350

MANAGEMENT SPECIFIC CHARACTER IN TRADE SPHERE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose is to research specification and character in management trade sphere. Methodology. Analytic and synthesis of science know ledges. Results. The role of management specific character in trade sphere becomes more substantial, especially for managers, who create active policy on firm level. Management processes have to be based on economic goal in trade sphere. Practical implications. The foundations of management process in trade sphere have to constitute the system of perspective subgoals and complex of qualitative indices.

Garipova Zaytuna Latipovna; Lapochkina Svetlana Vyacheslavovna

2012-01-01

351

The Relative Chern Character and Regulators  

CERN Document Server

In this thesis we construct a modified version of Karoubi's relative Chern character for smooth varieties over the complex numbers or the ring of integers in a p-adic number field. Comparison results with the Deligne-Beilinson Chern character and the p-adic Borel regulator constructed by Huber and Kings are proven. As a corollary we obtain a new proof of Burgos' theorem that Borel's regulator is twice Beilinson's regulator.

Tamme, Georg

2010-01-01

352

No child left behind and the teaching of character education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the perceptions of administrators and educators and to ascertain if the No Child Left behind Legislation is having a negative impact on students in terms of character building and moral development. Middle school administrators and educators from public and Catholic schools completed a 17 item questionnaire and interviews to obtain the views of the legislation. The questionnaire was a 4 point likert scale with the opportunity for comments. A total of seventy-six teachers and administrators involved in the study. They were given the survey to complete and asked if they would consider a face to face interview. A total of 162 educators invited to participate 76 responded expressing the need for the legislation however they noted that the changing of the curriculum has posed a real challenge in terms developing character and moral development.

Brown E

2013-01-01

353

On Tuning the Bad-Character Rule: the Worst-Character Rule  

CERN Multimedia

In this note we present the worst-character rule, an efficient variation of the bad-character heuristic for the exact string matching problem, firstly introduced in the well-known Boyer-Moore algorithm. Our proposed rule selects a position relative to the current shift which yields the largest average advancement, according to the characters distribution in the text. Experimental results show that the worst-character rule achieves very good results especially in the case of long patterns or small alphabets in random texts and in the case of texts in natural languages.

Cantone, Domenico

2010-01-01

354

Mirror Neurons, the Development of Empathy, and Digital Story Telling  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article explores the intersection of work in media education, religious education, concerns about digital cultures' impact on human relationality, and the possible role that mirror neurons might play in the development of empathy. Digital story telling--particularly as embodied in the work of the Center for Digital Storytelling…

Hess, Mary

2012-01-01

355

Digital Storytelling in Bhutan: A Qualitative Examination of New Media Tools Used to Bridge the Digital Divide in a Rural Community School  

Science.gov (United States)

|This qualitative study examines the use of digital storytelling as an instructional intervention for bridging the digital divide among public school students in rural Bhutan. Primary participants for the study included elementary school children who had never been previously exposed to computer technology and were recipients of a donated…

Gyabak, Khendum; Godina, Heriberto

2011-01-01

356

Understanding Islamic Ethics and Its Significance on the Character Building  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most critical challenge facing Muslim today is the lack of the spiritual ethical dimension of life, and one of the most powerful means to overcome this problem is the adherence to the code of ethics. This paper attempts at clarifying the concept of Islamic ethics as a basic pillar for a healthy society. It explains about the need of ethics for the development of individual and society, and its significance on the character building. The author tries to present ethics as the counter part of other sciences, such as, law, politics, science, economics, and others for such sciences become soulless or insignificant if detached from ethics. The paper concludes that Muslim character should develop along with Islamic ethics and its application into daily affairs of Muslims’ lives should be given its due attention.

Adibah Binti Abdul Rahim

2013-01-01

357

Challenging homophobia and heterosexism through storytelling and critical dialogue among Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Homophobia and heterosexism are ubiquitous in Canadian society. They contribute to significant health and mental health disparities for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth and their families. Anti-homophobia efforts tend to focus on students and teachers at school. While these efforts are important, they do not reach parents, who play an important role in shaping young people's attitudes towards gender and sexuality. To eliminate bullying and victimisation associated with homophobia at school and in the community, concerted efforts are urgently needed to mobilise parents to become champions against homophobia and heterosexism. In this paper, we report on our use of storytelling and critical dialogue to engage a group of Hong Kong Chinese immigrant parents in Toronto to interrogate their values and assumptions about homosexuality. In particular, we illustrate how we use storytelling to create a liminal space whereby the narrators and listeners collaborate to create counter-discourses that challenge social domination and exclusion. We then discuss the implications of using a critical dialogical approach to integrate anti-homophobia efforts in community parenting programmes.

Wong JP; Poon MK

2013-01-01

358

Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resources in learning environments for the production by students of multimedia narratives. This paper reports on the results, over a two-year period, of an evaluation of the use of digital narratives in an advanced undergraduate unit on contemporary Australian literature in one Australian university. The evaluation explored students’ and the teacher’s experiences of digital storytelling. In particular, it examined participants’ satisfaction with and anxieties about the use of digital narratives. It also considered the issues that the use of digital narratives raises vis-à-vis the constructive alignment with the themes, aims, and objectives of the unit, as well as the kinds and levels of technical training and assistance required to support students and staff. The results of this evaluation will be of interest to academics considering the use of multimedia technologies in their undergraduate classes.

Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke; Sharon Thomas

2012-01-01

359

Morphological Characters of Some Exotic Sugarcane Varieties  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Six exotic varieties of sugarcane (CP84-1198, CP85-1491, CP88-1165, CP77-400, CP89-846, TCP86-3368) planted at the National Agricultural Research Centre during 1998-99 were described for their morphological characters. All the varieties greatly varied in different characters. Mean leaf length, number of green leaves and width of leaf lamina/blade was different in different varieties. These varieties also differed in leaf sheath colour, carriage, and other leaf characters. Shape of the dewlap, its size and colour, shape of ligule and ligular process or auricle was also different. All the varieties varied in diameter of the stalks, colour of the stalks, shape of internode, bud groove characters, width and colour of growth ring, width and colour of root zone and wax band characters. Ivory markings were present on stalks of all the varieties. All the varieties were similar in bud size, but different in shapes of the bud, some having flanges and some without flanges. Position of the germ pore on the bud was also different in all the varieties.

Maqbool Akhtar; Nosheen Noor Elahi; M. Ashraf

2001-01-01

360

CONFUCIANISM AND CHARACTER EDUCATION: A CHINESE VIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The principles of Confucianism are founded on humaneness, righteousness, propriety, knowledge, integrity and filial piety. These principles have found their way to the Chinese culture since the days of Confucius. The study reviews the concept of Confucianism and its influence in Chinese context. Also, the relationship between Confucianism and character education is discussed. Character education is based on the transmission of values and within Chinese society and most of these values have been founded on the teachings of Confucius. Filial piety has strongly been conditioned within the principles of Confucianism and the respect of oneâ??s elders. Character education has been promoted by teachers and elders who focus on the transmission of values from one generation to the next. Character education is supported by the theories and teachings set out by Confucius, mostly in relation to humaneness and integrity, as well as collectivism. The individualistic trends are discarded within character education, as the welfare of the society and the collective is prioritized.

Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu; Kai-Ping Huang

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Character Identification Using Graph Matching Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we are going to present a new efficient technique to identify the faces of thecharacters automatically in movies that drawn a significant research that led to many interestingapplications. It is a huge problem due to the variations of each character in it. The existing applications willprovide a good result for clean environment, but for complex environments the performance is limited due tothe external noises generated while face tracking and clustering processes. In this paper we present a schemefor Global face-name matching for robust character identification. This include: 1) A noise insensitivecharacter relationship representation is incorporated.2) we introduce an edit operation based graph matchingalgorithm.3) Complex character changes are handled by simultaneously graph portioning and matching.4)Beyond existing character identification approach, we further perform an in-depth sensitivity analysis by inintroducing two types of simulated noises. The above proposed schemes will demonstrate a state-of-artperformanceon movie character identification in various complex movies.

S. Bharathi; P. Manirathnam; K. Ramya; R. Ranjith Kumar; Mrs. M. Tamilarasi?

2013-01-01

362

Are we responsible for our characters?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A number of philosophers have argued in recent years that we are each, typically, responsible for our characters; for what we are, as well as what we do. This paper demonstrates that this is true only of the basically virtuous person; the basically vicious are not responsible for their characters. I establish this claim through a detailed examination of the conditions upon the attribution of moral responsibility. Most accounts of moral responsibility claim that it is only appropriately attributed to an agent if she exercises control over the action, omission or consequence for which she is held responsible; it is therefore natural to think that we are responsible for our characters only if we exercise a sufficient degree of the right kind of control over their contents. Accordingly, I devote the first half of the paper to establishing that only the basically virtuous person exercises the requisite control. It is a condition upon responsibility for bringing about a consequenc! e that we are capable of understanding the value of that consequence obtaining or failing to obtain; I show that the vicious are unable to understand this value. I then turn to an examination of various non-control conceptions of responsibility for character; I show that all fail. Responsibility for character requires control, but only those who are already basically virtuous exercise the requisite degree of control.

Neil Levy

2002-01-01

363

The Efficiency of Being Scientific Value Focused Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The value of being scientific is taken place among direct values in 7th grade Social Studies curriculum and in this study, it was aimed to determinate the effect of the social studies inte-grated character education program on being scientific value. In this study, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used and a character education program and a measurement tool were developed in connection with social studies course aims. In this context, a course schedule was prepared for 12 hours and to measure the effect of this program on being scientific value, 5 point Likert scale was developed. Besides, to de-termine the reasons of the students’s choices, a semi-structured interview form was developed. After those preliminaries, the researcher began to the implementation phase. The im-plementation phase was fulfilled in spring term of 2008, in Umraniye district of Istanbul and in a state school.Before the implementation phase, a class was determined as experimental group while another was chosen as control group. Equivalance of the groups was determined through statistical procedures. The social studies integrated character education program which is focus on being scientific value was implemented to the experimental group and the normal program was implemented to the control group. The implementation phase was proceeded throughout 12 hours and 3 hours each week. After this, it was found that being scientific value supported character education program had statistically meaningful effect on students’ development level of being scientific.

Ahmet Kat?lm??; Halil Ek?i,; Cemil Öztürk

2010-01-01

364

Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis  

CERN Document Server

High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zipf's law in a similar pattern to natural languages, whereas tunneled traffic has more evenly distributed character frequencies. This approach allows tunnels to be detected across multiple domains, whereas previous methods typically concentrate on monitoring point to point systems. Anomalies are quickly discovered when tunneled traffic is compared to the character frequency fingerprint of legitimate domain traffic.

Born, Kenton

2010-01-01

365

The Social Character of Freedom of Expression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Freedom of expression protects the individual’s freedom to communicate with others. The right of the individual is to participate in an activity that is deeply social in character.  The value of freedom of expression rests on the social nature of individuals and the constitutive character of public discourse. This understanding of the freedom, however, has been inhibited by the individualism that dominates contemporary thinking about rights—its assumptions about the pre-social individual and the instrumental value of community life. While the social character of human agency is seldom mentioned in the different accounts of the freedom’s value, it is the unstated premise of each. Once we recognize that individual agency and identity emerge in the social relationship of communication, the traditional split between intrinsic and instrumental accounts (and between speaker and listener -based accounts) of the value of freedom of expression dissolves. 

Richard Moon

2009-01-01

366

Irreducible characters of GSp(4, Fq)  

CERN Document Server

Admissible non-supercuspidal representations of GSp(4,F), where F is a local field of characteristic zero with an odd-ordered residue field Fq, have finite dimensional spaces of fixed vectors under the action of principal congruence subgroups. We can say precisely what these dimensions are for nearly all local fields and principal congruence subgroups of level p by understanding the non-cuspidal representation theory of the finite group GSp(4,Fq). The conjugacy classes and the list of irreducible characters of this group are given. Genericity and cuspidality of the irreducible characters are also determined.

Breeding, Jeffery

2011-01-01

367

Tribe Trifolieae: Evidence from Seed Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thirteen seed characters have been studied in thirty eight species distributed over five genera representing tribe Trifolieae (family Leguminosae). The results obtained supported the separation of both genera Ononis and Trifolium, each in a separate subtribe as proposed by previous works. The genera Trigonella and Melilotus have variable characters which can be used in the subscription of their species. Species of Medicago have characteristic seed of their own which enables the separation of the genus in a separate subtribe Medicagonieae. Keys to the studied species within the genera Ononis, Trigonella, Melilotus and Trifolium have been constructed.

Wafaa K. Taia

2004-01-01

368

Rapid Feature Extraction for Optical Character Recognition  

CERN Multimedia

Feature extraction is one of the fundamental problems of character recognition. The performance of character recognition system is depends on proper feature extraction and correct classifier selection. In this article, a rapid feature extraction method is proposed and named as Celled Projection (CP) that compute the projection of each section formed through partitioning an image. The recognition performance of the proposed method is compared with other widely used feature extraction methods that are intensively studied for many different scripts in literature. The experiments have been conducted using Bangla handwritten numerals along with three different well known classifiers which demonstrate comparable results including 94.12% recognition accuracy using celled projection.

Hossain, M Zahid; Yan, Hong

2012-01-01

369

On the ring structure of spark characters  

CERN Document Server

We give a new description of the ring structure on the differential characters of a smooth manifold via the smooth hyperspark complex. We show the explicit product formula, and as an aplication, calculate the product for differential characters of the unit circle. Applying the presentation of spark classes by smooth hypersparks, we give an explicit construction of the isomorphism between groups of spark classes and the $(p,p)$ part of smooth Deligne cohomology groups associated to a smooth manifold. We then give a new direct proof that this is an isomorphism of ring structures.

Hao, Ning

2008-01-01

370

Fusion algebras and characters of rational conformal field theories  

CERN Multimedia

We introduce the notion of (nondegenerate) strongly-modular fusion algebras. Here strongly-modular means that the fusion algebra is induced via Verlinde's formula by a representation of the modular group whose kernel contains a congruence subgroup. Furthermore, nondegenerate means that the conformal dimensions of possibly underlying rational conformal field theories do not differ by integers. Our first main result is the classification of all strongly-modular fusion algebras of dimension two, three and four and the classification of all nondegenerate strongly-modular fusion algebras of dimension less than 24. Secondly, we show that the conformal characters of various rational models of W-algebras can be determined from the mere knowledge of the central charge and the set of conformal dimensions. We also describe how to actually construct conformal characters by using theta series associated to certain lattices. On our way we develop several tools for studying representations of the modular group on spaces of ...

Eholzer, W

1995-01-01

371

Metamorphosis & the Therapeutic Function of Storytelling: The Arabian Nights Vs. Franz Kafka’s Animal Stories  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Story telling in the book of A Thousand and One Nights , functions as a way sublimating Shahrayar’s desire for murdering Sharazad and releasing it through catharsis. i.e. the stories function as a therapy for Sharayar and as a brain-washing mechanism through which Shahrazad hopes to cure Sharayar from his murderous desire that has led to the deaths of many women because of his wife’s act of infidelity. In this article, I will highlight the similarities between some of the stories in the book of A Thousand and One Nights which focus on ingratitude and metamorphosis as dominant themes and some of Franz Kafka’s animal stories (The Metamorphosis , A Hunger Artist, and A Report to An Academy) which share the aforementioned themes. By doing so, I hope to prove that there is a good reason to assume that Kafka was, at least indirectly, influenced by the book of A Thousand and One Nights which, to the best of my knowledge, is something that haven’t been done before. Key words: Arabian Nights; Franz Kafka; Storytelling & Therapy; Postcolonial Criticism Résumé Raconter des histoires dans le livre de Mille et Une Nuits, les fonctions sont comme un moyen de sublimer le désir de Shahrayar pour le meurtre de Sharazad et de la libérer par la catharsis. à savoir la fonction des histoires comme une thérapie pour Sharayar et comme un mécanisme de lavage de cerveau à travers lequel Shahrazad espoirs de guérir Sharayar de son désir meurtrier qui a conduit à la mort de nombreuses femmes en raison d'un acte de sa femme d'infidélité. Dans cet article, je vais souligner les similitudes entre certaines des histoires dans le livre des Mille et Une Nuits qui se concentrent sur l'ingratitude et de la métamorphose comme thèmes dominants et certains des histoires d'animaux de Franz Kafka (La métamorphose, un artiste faim, et un rapport une académie) qui partagent les thèmes susmentionnés. En faisant cela, je l'espère, pour prouver qu'il ya une bonne raison de supposer que Kafka était, au moins indirectement, influencé par le livre des Mille et Une Nuits qui, au meilleur de ma connaissance, c'est quelque chose qui n'ont pas été fait auparavant. Mots-clés: Mille et Une Nuits; Franz Kafka; Contes & Therapie; Critique post-coloniale

Ahmad M.S. Abu Baker

2011-01-01

372

Boracyclophanes: Modulation of the ?/??Character in Boron-Benzene Interactions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Character sketch: Boracyclophanes, in which the benzene ring coordinates to the boron atom, were synthesized. X-ray crystallographic analysis and theoretical calculations revealed the intrinsic character of the boron-benzene interaction. Its ?/? character can be modulated by changing the electron-donating character of the benzene ring.

Kushida T; Yamaguchi S

2013-07-01

373

Women characters in Jane Austen's novels  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The thesis focuses on an analysis of women characters of Jane Austen's novels Emma, Mansfield Park, Pride and Prejudice, and Sense and Sensibility. In the first part it briefly deals with historical background of the turn of 18th and 19th century, and Jane Austen's life and work. In the main part of...

Zemánková, Lucie

374

Creation of a customised character recognition application  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This master’s thesis describes the work in creating a customised optical character recognition (OCR) application; intended for use in digitisation of theses submitted to the Uppsala University in the 18th and 19th centuries. For this purpose, an open source software called Gamera has been used fo...

Sandgren, Frida

375

Half-lattice paths and Virasoro characters  

CERN Multimedia

We first briefly review the role of lattice paths in the derivation of fermionic expressions for the M(p,p') minimal model characters of the Virasoro Lie algebra. We then focus on the recently introduced half-lattice paths for the M(p,2p+/-1) characters, reformulating them in such a way that the two cases may be treated uniformly. That the generating functions of these half-lattice paths are indeed M(p,2p+/-1) characters is proved by describing weight preserving bijections between them and the corresponding RSOS lattice paths. Here, the M(p,2p-1) case is derived for the first time. We then apply the methods of Bressoud and Warnaar to these half-lattice paths to derive fermionic expressions for the Virasoro characters X^{p,2p+/-1}_{1,2} that differ from those obtained from the RSOS paths. This work is an extension of that presented by the third author at the "7th International Conference on Lattice Path Combinatorics and Applications", Siena, Italy, July 2010.

-Fournier, Olivier B; Welsh, Trevor A

2011-01-01

376

A Survey of Noncommutative Chern Characters  

CERN Multimedia

We report in this survey some new results concerning noncommutative Chern characters: construction and the cases when they are exactly computed. The major result indicates some clear relation of these noncommutative objects and their commutative counterparts. This survey can be considered as the second part of the previous survey (J. of Lie Theory vol. 3 (1993), 149-176.

Diep, D N

2000-01-01

377

Hecke Algebra Characters And Immanant Conjectures  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

this article is to announce and provide supporting evidencefor two conjectures about the characters of the Hecke algebra/(q) of type A,_,evaluated at elements of its Kazhdan Lusztig basis. In addition, we prove a conjec-tured imma,a,t inequality for Jacobi Trudi matrices (definitions below) and showhow our conjectures would imply stronger inequalities of a similar kind

378

Religion, National Character and Strategic Power.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper researches and reviews the significance of the faith of the founding leaders of this nation in God. The author focuses on the uniquely Christian character of the psycho-social values which inspired the framers of the Declaration of Independence...

J. E. Ray

1985-01-01

379

The Methodological Character of Symmetry Principles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, I argue that symmetry principles in physics (in particular, in quantum mechanics)have a methodological character, rather than an ontological or an epistemological one. First, Iprovide a framework to address three related issues regarding the notion of symmetry: (i) how thenotion can b...

Otávio Bueno

380

Shakespearean arrivals: the irruption of character  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis re-examines Shakespeare’s creation of tragic character through the concept of ‘arrivals’. What arrives is not an ‘individual’ but what I call a ‘subject’, which is a diffused dramatic process of arriving, rather than a self-contained entity that arrives in a final form. Not all charac...

Luke, Nicholas Ian; Palfrey, Simon

 
 
 
 
381

Exotic characters of unitriangular matrix groups  

CERN Multimedia

Let $\\UT_n(q)$ denote the unitriangular group of unipotent $n\\times n$ upper triangular matrices over a finite field with cardinality $q$ and prime characteristic $p$. It has been known for some time that when $p$ is fixed and $n$ is sufficiently large, $\\UT_n(q)$ has ``exotic'' irreducible characters taking values outside the cyclotomic field $\\QQ(\\zeta_p)$. However, all proofs of this fact to date have been both non-constructive and computer dependent. In a preliminary work, we defined a family of orthogonal characters decomposing the supercharacters of an arbitrary algebra group. By applying this construction to the unitriangular group, we are able to derive by hand an explicit description of a family of characters of $\\UT_n(q)$ taking values in arbitrarily large cyclotomic fields. In particular, we prove that if $r$ is a positive integer power of $p$ and $n>6r$, then $\\UT_n(q)$ has an irreducible character of degree $q^{5r^2-2r}$ which takes values outside $\\QQ(\\zeta_{pr})$. By the same techniques, we are...

Marberg, Eric

2010-01-01

382

Ratio of Character and Circumstances in the Literary Work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes the ratio of characters and circumstances, characters’ conflicts, considered in literary criticism as an integral unity, studies points of view of different literary and aesthetic trends on the basis of significant works by literary scholars. The impact of character on the change of circumstances, creation of circumstances by the heroic character, disclosure of character due to the circumstance are shown

Zhanar Rustemova; Katira Zhakirova

2013-01-01

383

Alexithymia, Temperament and Character Characteristics in Women with bromyalgia Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Somatic and psychic symptoms are seen in the fibromyalgia syndrome. And it is suggested that these psychic factors plays an important role in the clinical presentation of this syndrome. This study was planned to understand fibromyalgia through investigating the role of alexthymia, temperemant and character in the clinic of this illness. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinic on 36 women with fibromyalgia syndrome and 34 healthy women. The subjects were evaluated by the Temperament and Character Inventory, the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Beck Depression Scale, and sociodemographic data form.Results: These two groups were similar to each other in terms of age, years of education, and marital and economical status. Harm avoidance subscale, persistence, depression and alexithymia scores were higher in the fibromyalgia syndrome group compared to the healthy control group. A statistically significant correlation was detected between harm avoidance scores and depression scores in the fibromyalgia group.Conclusion: After determination of character and temperament characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia, pharmacological agents especially increasing the serotonin levels should be used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. At the same time, the prevalence of alexithymic personality should be kept in mind, and coping strategies for strengthening the patient’s vocabulary and revealing his/her emotions should be developed. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:105-10.

Erkan Kaya; Deniz Erden; Ali Hikmet Kayar; Mehmet Zeki K?ralp

2010-01-01

384

A thermogenic secondary sexual character in male sea lamprey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Secondary sexual characters in animals are exaggerated ornaments or weapons for intrasexual competition. Unexpectedly, we found that a male secondary sexual character in sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) is a thermogenic adipose tissue that instantly increases its heat production during sexual encounters. This secondary sexual character, developed in front of the anterior dorsal fin of mature males, is a swollen dorsal ridge known as the 'rope' tissue. It contains nerve bundles, multivacuolar adipocytes and interstitial cells packed with small lipid droplets and mitochondria with dense and highly organized cristae. The fatty acid composition of the rope tissue is rich in unsaturated fatty acids. The cytochrome c oxidase activity is high but the ATP concentration is very low in the mitochondria of the rope tissue compared with those of the gill and muscle tissues. The rope tissue temperature immediately rose up to 0.3°C when the male encountered a conspecific. Mature males generated more heat in the rope and muscle tissues when presented with a mature female than when presented with a male (paired t-test, P<0.05). On average, the rope generated 0.027±0.013 W cm(-3) more heat than the muscle in 10 min. Transcriptome analyses revealed that genes involved in fat cell differentiation are upregulated whereas those involved in oxidative-phosphorylation-coupled ATP synthesis are downregulated in the rope tissue compared with the gill and muscle tissues. Sexually mature male sea lamprey possess the only known thermogenic secondary sexual character that shows differential heat generation toward individual conspecifics.

Chung-Davidson YW; Priess MC; Yeh CY; Brant CO; Johnson NS; Li K; Nanlohy KG; Bryan MB; Brown CT; Choi J; Li W

2013-07-01

385

Corruption, corporate character-formation and "value-strategy"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While most discussions of corruption focus on administration, institutions, the law and public policy, little attention in the debate about societal reform is paid to the “internalities” of anti-corruption efforts, specifically to character-formation and issues of personal and corporate integrity. While the word “integrity” is frequently mentioned as the goal to be achieved through institutional reforms, even in criminal prosecutions, the specifically philosophical aspects of character-formation and the development of corporate and individual virtues in a rational and systematic way tend to be neglected. This paper focuses on the “internalities” of anti-corruption work with special emphasis on the pre-requisites that need to be ensured on behalf of the social elites in order for proper individual and collective character-formation to take place throughout the society. The author argues that a systematic pursuit of socially recognized virtues, both those pertaining to society as a whole and those specific to particular professions and social groups, is the most comprehensive and strategically justified way of pursuing anti-corruption policy, while institutional and penal policies can only serve an auxiliary role. The pursuit of institutional and criminal justice policies against corruption in a society that is subject to increasing relativism with regard to values and morality is at best ineffective, and at worst socially destructive. Thus the paper suggests a re-examination of the social discourse on the level of what the author calls “value strategy” and the gradual building of a plan to create and solidify specifically designed features of “corporate character” for key sectors of the society. This approach can serve as the main long-term strategy to improve the public profile of integrity and reinforce morality in both the public and civil sectors.

Fati? Aleksandar

2013-01-01

386

Design of an Optical Character Recognition System for Camera-based Handheld Devices  

CERN Multimedia

This paper presents a complete Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system for camera captured image/graphics embedded textual documents for handheld devices. At first, text regions are extracted and skew corrected. Then, these regions are binarized and segmented into lines and characters. Characters are passed into the recognition module. Experimenting with a set of 100 business card images, captured by cell phone camera, we have achieved a maximum recognition accuracy of 92.74%. Compared to Tesseract, an open source desktop-based powerful OCR engine, present recognition accuracy is worth contributing. Moreover, the developed technique is computationally efficient and consumes low memory so as to be applicable on handheld devices.

Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Basu, Subhadip; Nasipuri, Mita

2011-01-01

387

Comparative studies on morphological and biochemical characters of chickpea genotypes under chilling stress.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Comparison of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes for morphological and biochemical attributes was done. Morphological characters viz. Plant height, number of branches and number of leaves were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes at early stages of development (30 and 60 DAS) whereas at later stages (90 and 120 DAS) these characters were recorded highest in chilling sensitive genotypes. Pollen viability percentage at 5 and 10 degrees C temperatures were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes as compared to sensitive genotypes. Biochemical characters viz. electrolyte leakage (%), total soluble sugars and total free amino acids were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes as compared to sensitive genotypes.

Chohan A; Raina SK

2011-03-01

388

Comparative studies on morphological and biochemical characters of chickpea genotypes under chilling stress.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparison of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes for morphological and biochemical attributes was done. Morphological characters viz. Plant height, number of branches and number of leaves were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes at early stages of development (30 and 60 DAS) whereas at later stages (90 and 120 DAS) these characters were recorded highest in chilling sensitive genotypes. Pollen viability percentage at 5 and 10 degrees C temperatures were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes as compared to sensitive genotypes. Biochemical characters viz. electrolyte leakage (%), total soluble sugars and total free amino acids were recorded highest in chilling tolerant genotypes as compared to sensitive genotypes. PMID:21882654

Chohan, Abha; Raina, S K

2011-03-01

389

A feature extraction technique based on character geometry for character recognition  

CERN Multimedia

This paper describes a geometry based technique for feature extraction applicable to segmentation-based word recognition systems. The proposed system extracts the geometric features of the character contour. This features are based on the basic line types that forms the character skeleton. The system gives a feature vector as its output. The feature vectors so generated from a training set, were then used to train a pattern recognition engine based on Neural Networks so that the system can be benchmarked.

Gaurav, Dinesh Dileep

2012-01-01

390

Character pattern recognition and communications apparatus  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This patent describes a method of communicating, utilizing a signal-generating keyboard where at least some of the keys represent two or more alphabetical characters, comprising the steps of: inputting a word into the keyboard bhy depressing a single key for each alphabetical character of the word; transmitting signals generated by the key depressions; receiving the transmitted signals and decoding the signals into binary code; matching the binary code with one or more pre-programmed codes, each pre-programmed code being representative of a syllabic element; forming a representation of the word from the one or more syllabic elements represented by the matched one or more pre-programmed codes; and outputting the word representation in a form perceptible to the user.

Kondraske, G.V.; Shennib, A.

1987-06-16

391

Leaf Characters Within Tribe Trifolieae (Family Leguminosae)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leaf macro- and micro-morphological characters in 31 species distributed over four genera belonging to tibe trifolieae have been studied by both light and scanning microscope. Six groups have been distinguished according to type of leaves, trichome presence and type of hairs. All the studied species are amphistomatic with either paracytic, diacytic or anomocytic stomata. Brachyparacytic has been recorded in Ononis pubescens only. The epidermal cells are isodiametric or elongated with straight, undulated or wavy anticlinal walls. The data obtained support the separation of the genera Ononis and Trifolium each in a group of its own. Trigonella species are all glabrous and become very easily recognized by their leaf characters.

Wafaa K. Taia

2004-01-01

392

Arf characters of an algebroid curve  

CERN Document Server

Two algebroid branches are said to be equivalent if they have the same multiplicity sequence. It is known that two algebroid branches $R$ and $T$ are equivalent if and only if their Arf closures, $R'$ and $T'$ have the same value semigroup, which is an Arf numerical semigroup and can be expressed in terms of a finite set of information, a set of characters of the branch. We extend the above equivalence to algebroid curves with $d>1$ branches. An equivalence class is described, in this more general context, by an Arf semigroup, that is not a numerical semigroup, but is a subsemigroup of $\\mathbb N^d$. We express this semigroup in terms of a finite set of information, a set of characters of the curve, and apply this result to determine other curves equivalent to a given one.

Barucci, V; Froberg, R; Barucci, Valentina; Anna, Marco D'; Froberg, Ralf

2003-01-01

393

Positivity results for Stanley's character polynomials  

CERN Multimedia

Stanley introduced expressions for the normalized characters of the symmetric group and stated some positivity conjectures for these expressions. Here, we give an affirmative partial answer to Stanley's positivity conjectures about the expressions using results on Kerov polynomials. In particular, we use new positivity results by Goulden and Rattan. We shall see that the generating series $C(t)$ introduced by Goulden and Rattan is critical to our discussion.

Rattan, A

2006-01-01

394

Character Sums and Congruences with n!  

CERN Document Server

We estimate character sums with n!, on average, and individually. These bounds are used to derive new results about various congruences modulo a prime p and obtain new information about the spacings between quadratic nonresidues modulo p. In particular, we show that there exists a positive integer $n\\ll p^{1/2+\\epsilon}, such that n! is a primitive root modulo p. We also show that every nonzero congruence class a \

Garaev, M Z; Shparlinski, I E; Garaev, Moubariz Z.; Luca, Florian; Shparlinski, Igor E.

2004-01-01

395

Influence of temperament and character on resilience.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of temperament and character on resilience. METHODS: A total of 4355 participants completed two questionnaires: the Conner-Davison Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised Short (TCI-RS). We used Pearson's correlations to evaluate the correlation between the dimensions of the TCI and the CD-RISC. To determine the most influential TCI dimension with respect to the CD-RISC, a backward multiple regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: The resilience of both men and women was positively correlated with persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness. Conversely, harm avoidance was negatively correlated with resilience. In addition, reward dependence in men and self-transcendence in women were positively correlated with resilience. In the multiple regression analysis, persistence, self-directedness, and harm avoidance significantly predicted resilience after adjusting for age and gender. CONCLUSION: This results show that social support is affected by personality, which consists of both temperament and character. High persistence and self-directedness as well as low harm avoidance are found to contribute to a better stress response.

Kim JW; Lee HK; Lee K

2013-10-01

396

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese characters  

CERN Document Server

The Zipf's law states that the ordered frequencies $f_1>f_2> ...$ of different words in a text hold $f_r\\propto r^{-\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma\\approx 1$ and rank $r$. The law applies to many languages with alphabetical writing systems, but was so far found to be absent for the rank-frequency relation of the Chinese characters, the main (and oldest) example of the logographic writing system. Here we show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. We focus on short texts, since for the sake of the rank-frequency analysis, long texts are just mixtures of shorter, thematically homogenous pieces. For long texts (or for mixtures of short texts), the Zipf's law holds for a relatively small range of ranks, but it is still important, since for all Chinese texts (we studied) it carries out $simeq 40%$ of the overall frequency. The previous results on th...

Deng, W B; Li, B; Wang, Q A

2013-01-01

397

RECOGNITION OF HANDWRITTEN CHARACTER BASED ON WREDF AND NEURAL NETWORK CLASSIFIERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, efforts have been made to develop Automatic Handwritten Character Recognition System with high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time. The proposed approach consists of two stages: i) Extraction of Relative Energy Distribution Feature based on wavelet transform, ii) classification of different handwritten characters using Back Propagation Neural Network. Experimental results show that the proposed approach gives the high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time.

SUROJIT SAHA,; Dr. RANJAN PAREKH,

2011-01-01

398

A Situated Practice of Ethics for Participatory Visual and Digital Methods in Public Health Research and Practice: A Focus on Digital Storytelling.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article explores ethical considerations related to participatory visual and digital methods for public health research and practice, through the lens of an approach known as "digital storytelling." We begin by briefly describing the digital storytelling process and its applications to public health research and practice. Next, we explore 6 common challenges: fuzzy boundaries, recruitment and consent to participate, power of shaping, representation and harm, confidentiality, and release of materials. We discuss their complexities and offer some considerations for ethical practice. We hope this article serves as a catalyst for expanded dialogue about the need for high standards of integrity and a situated practice of ethics wherein researchers and practitioners reflexively consider ethical decision-making as part of the ongoing work of public health. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print August 15, 2013: e1-e9. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301310).

Gubrium AC; Hill AL; Flicker S

2013-08-01

399

Enduring sadness. Early loss, vulnerability, and the shaping of character.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper describes the psychoanalysis of two individuals, a child (Andrew) and an adult (Quentin), who suffered from early disruptions in their families. Their fathers played prominent roles as caregivers during prolonged periods and buffered the traumatic loss of their mothers. Both Andrew and Quentin had family histories of depression and both developed depressive and characterological difficulties marked by disturbances in the regulation of aggression, with sadistic and masochistic features. Their early childhoods and experience of recurrent loss, longing, and anger were reconstructed during psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis was therapeutically useful in relieving acute symptoms and in helping both patients move ahead in their development more securely and less burdened by diffuse, inner- and outer-directed rage. Andrew returned for psychotherapy twice, in early and late adolescence, and it was possible to follow the course of his character development during the transition from childhood into young adulthood. Using the clinical psychoanalysis as a base, the paper describes aspects of the development of character with a special emphasis on the roles of loss and the representation of aggression.

Cohen DJ

1990-01-01

400

Can seismic character identify lithologies associated with Bluell and Sherwood shorelines and shoals  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Several new oil fields have been discovered in the Bluell and Sherwood members of the Mission Canyon Formation, reviving the Mississippian shoreline play in the eastern Williston basin. During periodic regressions, carbonates and evaporites were deposited along the shoreline of a shallow sea. Embayments in the shoreline created traps that contain 3 - 8 million bbl of oil. Carbonate shoals developed offshore. Surrounded by impermeable carbonate mud, they trap 1 - 3 million bbl of oil. The ability of seismic character to distinguish lithologies associated with shorelines and shoals was investigated using sonic logs, models, and seismic data. Shorelines: The gross thickness of the Bluell zone can range between 40 and 70 ft, the Sherwood zone between 35 and 80 ft. Changing thicknesses on geologic models had a distinct effect on seismic character. Also, seismic character varied in response to changing stratigraphy above, within, and below the Bluell and Sherwood zones. Carbonate and anhydrite bulk densities and velocities differ by about 10%. Modeling this difference demonstrated a minimal change in seismic character. Seismic character cannot delineate the shoreline transition from carbonate to anhydrite. Other stratigraphic variations alter seismic character more than this lithologic change. Shoals: Velocity and density variations between shoal carbonates and intershoal mud can differ by 30%. Sonic log seismograms and seismic data show a distinct character change between these lithologies. Seismic character can be used to delineate carbonate shoals and mud. However, the shoal/mud character change can be modified by the seismic response to other stratigraphic variations. Calibration with nearby wells can reduce interpretational uncertainty.

Johnson, E.H. (Balcron Oil, Billings, MT (United States))

1991-06-01

 
 
 
 
401

Morphological characters of diapause in Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Development of management tactics that reduce reliance on conventional pesticides for control of the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight, will require improved understanding of Lygus ecology. One poorly characterized aspect of Lygus ecology is the induction of adult diapause. Although photoperiod is a key regulator of diapause, previous research has reported inconsistent results, likely because of the different criteria used to distinguish diapause. To establish standardized criteria, we reared L. hesperus under photoperiods of 10- and 14-h and a constant temperature of 26.6°C. Adults were dissected at ages of 3, 7, 10, 14, and 17 days to evaluate associations among characteristics of the fat body and reproductive organs. Whereas most characters examined were at least weakly associated with others, we concluded that seminal vesicle condition, presence of a fatty sheath on the testis, and fat body color were not reliable indicators of L. hesperus physiological status. The most appropriate criteria for distinguishing diapause appeared to be hypertrophied fat bodies combined with undeveloped medial accessory glands (for males) or undeveloped ovaries (for females) in adults that were at least 10 days old. We also evaluated less stringent criteria, permitting some development of accessory glands or ovaries to accommodate the delayed reproductive development observed in some specimens reared under the 10-h photoperiod. The descriptions and illustrations of the morphological characters, combined with our suggested sets of criteria, should permit a more standardized assessment of L. hesperus physiological status, and thereby facilitate meaningful comparisons of research by different investigators.

Spurgeon DW; Brent CS

2010-10-01

402

Arithmetic harmonic analysis on character and quiver varieties II  

CERN Multimedia

We study connections between the topology of generic character varieties of fundamental groups of punctured Riemann surfaces, Macdonald polynomials, quiver representations, Hilbert schemes on surfaces, modular forms and multiplicities in tensor products of irreducible characters of finite general linear groups.

Hausel, Tamas; Rodriguez-Villegas, Fernando

2011-01-01

403

Equivalence theorems and an explicit formula for the biquantization character  

CERN Multimedia

We prove that the biquantization character of Cattaneo-Torossian for the reduction algebra is the character of the Penney eigendistribution from harmonic analysis on Lie groups. Part of the author's PhD thesis at University Paris 7, 2009.

Batakidis, Panagiotis

2011-01-01

404

The distribution of the maximum of character sums  

CERN Multimedia

We revisit work of Montgomery and Vaughan on the magnitude of character sums, refining their estimates. As a consequence, we obtain results on the distribution of the maximal magnitude of character sums.

Bober, Jonathan

2011-01-01

405

Genetic variability and combining ability for quality characters in two line hybrids in rice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies on genetic variability and combining ability for 10 grain quality characters in a set of crosses involving four TGMS lines and five testers of indica rice revealed that none of parental line was found excellent for all the 10 quality characters. Among the four lines,GD 98014 and GD 98049 showed good general combining ability effect for maximum main quality charaters. Among the testers, IR 72, CO 47 and TKM 12 expressed good gca effects for maximum quality characters. Among the crosses, GD 99017 x CO 47 and GD 98014 x TKM 12 showed high specific combining ability effects. GD 98049 x IR 72 and GD 98049 x CO 43 were good specific combiner for different characters. These crosses can be used for development of rice hybrid in future.

R. Chandirakala, G. Kandasamy and K. Thiyagarajan

2012-01-01

406

Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The reading skills of computer are still way behind that of human beings. Most character recognition systems cannot read degraded documents and handwritten characters or words. Devanagari, an alphabetic script, is used by over 500 million people all over the world. In this study, we are presenting a Devanagari handwritten character recognition system using Artificial Neural Network. Up to 96% recognition rate is achieved for certain characters.

P.B. Khanale; S.D. Chitnis

2011-01-01

407

A novel approach for handwritten Devnagari character recognition  

CERN Multimedia

In this paper a method for recognition of handwritten devanagari characters is described. Here, feature vector is constituted by accumulated directional gradient changes in different segments, number of intersections points for the character, type of spine present and type of shirorekha present in the character. One Multi-layer Perceptron with conjugate-gradient training is used to classify these feature vectors. This method is applied to a database with 1000 sample characters and the recognition rate obtained is 88.12%

Arora, Sandhya; Bhattacharjee, Debotosh; Nasipuri, Mita

2010-01-01

408

The Strategies for Character Building through Sports Participation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The sport participation has been a major part of our life in the societies. Studies on sports participation have found that sports have both positive and negative influence on character buildings. It has been on-going debate on whether ‘sports build character’ but through literature analysis, author had found that ‘with the intention, sports do build character.’ Therefore, strategies of building character through sports are suggested in this paper.

M.S. Omar-Fauzee; Mohd Nizam Nazarudin; Yudha M. Saputra; Nina Sutresna; Duangkrai Taweesuk; Wipoj Chansem; Rozita Abd. Latif; Soh Kim Geok

2012-01-01

409

On Type II noncommutative geometry and the even JLO character  

CERN Multimedia

The Jaffe-Lesniewski-Osterwalder (JLO) character is a homomorphism from $\\KKEI$-homology to entire cyclic cohomology. This paper extends the domain of the even JLO character to include Type II noncommutative geometry, the geometry represented by unbounded $\\theta$-summable Breuer-Fredholm modules; and shows that the JLO character coincides with the Chern-Connes character as a class in entire cyclic cohomolgoy.

Lai, Alan

2010-01-01

410

On multiplicity-free skew characters and the Schubert Calculus  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we classify the multiplicity-free skew characters of the symmetric group. Furthermore we show that the Schubert calculus is equivalent to that of skew characters in the following sense: If we decompose the product of two Schubert classes we get the same as if we decompose a skew character and replace the irreducible characters by Schubert classes of the `inverse' partitions (Theorem 4.2).

Gutschwager, C

2006-01-01

411

ZBrush Character Creation Advanced Digital Sculpting  

CERN Document Server

A stunning, content-rich update to this top-selling ZBrush guide! This second edition of ZBrush Character Creation has been fully updated for ZBrush 4, the newest version of this fascinating and popular 3D sculpting software. ZBrush enables users to create detailed organic models using a brush-based toolset and tablet. The startling results look as though they've been painted with real brushes and oils, and ZBrush is increasingly popular for use in film, game, and broadcast pipelines. Author Scott Spencer is embedded in the ZBrush community and his movie credits include Harry Potter and The Or

Spencer, Scott

2011-01-01

412

Optical Character Recognition Using Artificial Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, an Optical Character recognition system based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The ANN is trained using the Back Propagation algorithm. In the proposed system, each typed English letter is represented by binary numbers that are used as input to a simple feature extraction system whose output, in addition to the input, are fed to an ANN. Afterwards, the Feed Forward Algorithm gives insight into the enter workings of a neural network followed by the Back Propagation Algorithm which compromises Training, Calculating Error, and Modifying Weights.

Sameeksha Barve

2012-01-01

413

On character amenability of Banach algebras  

Science.gov (United States)

We continue our work [E. Kaniuth, A.T. Lau, J. Pym, On [phi]-amenability of Banach algebras, Math. Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 144 (2008) 85-96] in the study of amenability of a Banach algebra A defined with respect to a character [phi] of A. Various necessary and sufficient conditions of a global and a pointwise nature are found for a Banach algebra to possess a [phi]-mean of norm 1. We also completely determine the size of the set of [phi]-means for a separable weakly sequentially complete Banach algebra A with no [phi]-mean in A itself. A number of illustrative examples are discussed.

Kaniuth, E.; Lau, A. T.; Pym, J.

2008-08-01

414

Using Character Recognition for Plate Localization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the “character recognition” approach to recognizing a vehicle license plate is used forlocalizing Saudi license plates. The proposed algorithm filters out all possible objects from the license plate image and focuses on the resulting objects. The coordinates of the center point of the bounding box for these objects is calculated and then possible alignments between these objects are checked. After finding the aligned objects, the recognition algorithms are applied to differentiate the numbers from the letters in the plate.

Lama Hamandi; Khaled Almustafa; Rached Zantout; Hasan Obeid

2012-01-01

415

Geometry, Topology and Dynamics of Character Varieties  

CERN Multimedia

This volume is based on lectures given at the highly successful three-week Summer School on Geometry, Topology and Dynamics of Character Varieties held at the National University of Singapore's Institute for Mathematical Sciences in July 2010. Aimed at graduate students in the early stages of research, the edited and refereed articles comprise an excellent introduction to the subject of the program, much of which is otherwise available only in specialized texts. Topics include hyperbolic structures on surfaces and their degenerations, applications of ping-pong lemmas in various contexts, intro

Goldman, William; Tan, Ser Peow

2012-01-01

416

E(5) Characters to 100-Ru Isotope  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The positive and negative parity states of 100Ru isotope are studied within the frame work of the interacting boson approximation model (IBA ? 1). The calculated levels energy, potential energy surfaces, V(?, ?), and the electromagnetic transition probabilities, B(E1) and B(E2), show that 100Ru isotope has E(5) Characters. Staggering effect, ?I=1, has been observed between the positive and negative parity states. The electric monopole strength, X(E0/E2), has been calculated. All calculated values are compared to the available experimental, theoretical data and reasonable agreement has been obtained.

Diab S. M.; Eid S. A.

2013-01-01

417

[Character strengths and well-being in Japanese children and youth: creating good habits].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Character education in the US aims to establish good habits corresponding to good character. The purpose of this study was to determine the structure of character strengths and the relations among these strengths and wellbeing in Japanese children and youth. Peterson and Seligman (2004) developed a classification of character strengths called VIA-IS. We thought, however, that VIA-IS had too many items to use with school children. We selected 15 categories and developed a questionnaire for Japanese children and youth. Fourth to eighth grade students (N = 1,351) answered questionnaires in Study 1. We found four categories of character strengths, each of which consisted of 25 items: perseverance-honesty, courage-ideas, compassion-gratitude, and fairness-care. These categories were very similar to previous research findings which simplified the categories. In Study 2, we found a positive relationship among four categories of character strengths and well-being, which we called the hope scale, life satisfaction scale, subjective happiness scale, and social support scale. We discussed what additional research was needed for establishing good habits using our categories with children and youth in schools.

Imura T; Aoki T; Takahashi T; Nonaka Y; Yamada T

2013-08-01

418

[Character strengths and well-being in Japanese children and youth: creating good habits].  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education in the US aims to establish good habits corresponding to good character. The purpose of this study was to determine the structure of character strengths and the relations among these strengths and wellbeing in Japanese children and youth. Peterson and Seligman (2004) developed a classification of character strengths called VIA-IS. We thought, however, that VIA-IS had too many items to use with school children. We selected 15 categories and developed a questionnaire for Japanese children and youth. Fourth to eighth grade students (N = 1,351) answered questionnaires in Study 1. We found four categories of character strengths, each of which consisted of 25 items: perseverance-honesty, courage-ideas, compassion-gratitude, and fairness-care. These categories were very similar to previous research findings which simplified the categories. In Study 2, we found a positive relationship among four categories of character strengths and well-being, which we called the hope scale, life satisfaction scale, subjective happiness scale, and social support scale. We discussed what additional research was needed for establishing good habits using our categories with children and youth in schools. PMID:24063151

Imura, Tomoya; Aoki, Tazuko; Takahashi, Tomoko; Nonaka, Yoichiro; Yamada, Tsuyoshi

2013-08-01

419

Upper bound on characters of symmetric groups based on Stanley-Feray character formula  

CERN Multimedia

We prove an of upper bound for characters of the symmetric groups based on a recent character formula which was conjectured by Stanley and proved by Feray. Namely, we show that there exists a constant a>0 with a property that for every Young diagram \\lambda with n boxes, r(\\lambda) rows and c(\\lambda) columns |\\chi^{\\lambda}(\\pi)| < [a \\max(r(\\lambda)/n,c(\\lambda)/n)]^{|\\pi|}, where |\\pi| is the minimal number of factors needed to write \\pi\\in S_n as a product of transpositions and \\chi^{\\lambda}(\\pi)=\\Tr \\rho^{\\lambda}(\\pi) / \\Tr \\rho^{\\lambda}(e) is the character of the symmetric group.

Sniady, P

2007-01-01

420

Creation of Computer Input in an Expanded Character Set  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Keypunching of an expanded character set for library catalog data is described. The set included 101 different characters. Source documents were shelf list cards, the master record at the University of California Library, Santa Cruz. At the end of February 1967, some 50 million characters, represent...

Black, Donald V.; System Development Corporation

 
 
 
 
421

Temporal dynamics of the modulation of character structure and phonetic radical in Chinese character processing - an ERP study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Chinese orthography, with semantic and phonetic radicals configured in different character structures, provides a unique opportunity to examine visual word processing. Previous ERP research showed that when participants silently named centrally presented characters, there was greater left hemisphere...

Hsiao, JHW; Lam, L; Cheung, K

422

Online writer identification using character prototypes distributions  

Science.gov (United States)

Writer identification is a process which aims to identify the writer of a given handwritten document. Its implementation is needed in applications such as forensic document analysis and document retrieval which involved the use of offline handwritten documents. With the recent advances of technology, the invention of digital pen and paper has extended the field of writer identification to cover online handwritten documents. In this communication, a methodology is proposed to solve the problem of text-independent writer identification using online handwritten documents. The proposed methodology would strive to identify the writer of a given handwritten document regardless of its text contents by comparing his or her handwritings with those stored in a reference database. The output of this process would be a ranked list of the writers whose handwritings are stored in the reference database. The main idea is to use the distance measurement between the distributions of reference patterns defined at the character level. Very few, if any, attempts have been done at this character level. Two sets of handwritten document databases each with 82 online documents contributed by 82 subjects were used in the experiments. The reported result was 95% of Top 1 rate accuracy. Only four writers were identified wrongly, ranked as 2, 4, 5 and 12 choice returned.

Chan, Siew Keng; Viard-Gaudin, Christian; Tay, Yong Haur

2008-01-01

423

Characters of graded parafermion conformal field theory  

CERN Document Server

The graded parafermion conformal field theory at level k is a close cousin of the much-studied Z_k parafermion model. Three character formulas for the graded parafermion theory are presented, one bosonic, one fermionic (both previously known) and one of spinon type (which is new). The main result of this paper is a proof of the equivalence of these three forms using q-series methods combined with the combinatorics of lattice paths. The pivotal step in our approach is the observation that the graded parafermion theory -- which is equivalent to the coset osp(1,2)_k/ u(1) -- can be factored as (osp(1,2)_k/ su(2)_k) x (su(2)_k/ u(1)), with the two cosets on the right equivalent to the minimal model M(k+2,2k+3) and the Z_k parafermion model, respectively. This factorisation allows for a new combinatorial description of the graded parafermion characters in terms of the one-dimensional configuration sums of the (k+1)-state Andrews--Baxter--Forrester model.

Fortin, J F; Warnaar, S O

2006-01-01

424

The Deprofessionalisation Thesis, Accountability and Professional Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is said that the deprofessionalisation of social work and other welfare occupations reduces workers' professional discretion and autonomy, and thus their capacity to act in the best interests of their client. Without necessarily regarding the deprofessionalisation thesis as conclusive, this paper will ask how the state's control of the role and task of social workers impacts on their role-implicated obligations as professionals. If workers are reduced (as claimed) to the status of mere functionaries in systems they neither approve of nor control, does this exonerate them from bad outcomes or service failures? How should we view the dramatic increase in formal regulation now seen in the UK - as professionalisation or deprofessionalisation? The paper will argue that whatever the drift of policy, workers remain in some measure personally accountable. Service failures imply faults of practical reason that are partly attributable to the moral and intellectual character of professionals as individuals. It is therefore up to professionals, and their organisations, to attend to the improvement of professional character.

Clark, Chris

2005-01-01

425

Neural network model for recognition of characters stenciled on continuously cast slabs. Neural network wo mochiita renchu slab marking  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The character recognition system was developed which evaluates a character quality by recognizing stenciled characters on cutting surfaces of slab just after marking, and alerts operators to defective characters as found. Because of the low contrast image of characters followed by blurs or spots due to hot slab, the three-layer neural network model with a high recognition capacity was used for the recognition and quality evaluation. Character patterns extracted from images were provided for the neural network model after such preprocessing as noise removal and shade correction, and characters were then recognized and evaluated based on the network outputs. The MOS type camera was used for filming of characters on hot slab, and various environmental measures were prepared such as prevention against adhesion of paint splashes and cooling of a lens-barrel. As the experimental result on production lines, the correct classification rate of characters over 99% was achieved which is equivalent to that in visual examination. 3 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

Asano, K.; Tateno, J.; Maruyama, S.; Arai, K.; Ibaraki, M.; Shibata, M. (Kawasaki Steel Corp., Kobe (Japan))

1991-11-01

426

Investigation on swelling characters of soils and on their utilizations. Tsuchi no bojuntokusei to sono riyo ni kansuru chosa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Swelling character of soils is only one character on soil classification as yet, but it begins attach importance to observe swelling character of soils because many accidents caused by swelling of soils occur recently. And the application of swelling character of soils for soil improvement and for making the artificial buffer mass on isolating rock-deposited high level radioactive waste products are considered. To deal with this problem, previous investigations are reviewed. Consequently, followings are cleared up. Swelling character is formulated by double layer theory, but the validity of this formulation is not evident yet. The environment such as temperature and chemistry of pore water affects this swelling character. At high density, swelling pressure of bentonite is very large and isn't greatly affected by the chemistry. Clay content affects the swelling character of soils. Hereafter, it will be necessary to be definite the relationship between swelling character and dynamical stability, and to develop the stability analysis method in consideration of swelling character. (68 figs, 6 tabs, 48 refs)

Komine, Hideo

1988-07-01

427

Geospatial tools for landscape character assessment in Cyprus  

Science.gov (United States)

The development of Landscape Typologies in Europe relies upon advances in geospatial tools and increasing availability of digital datasets. Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) is a technique used to classify, describe and understand the combined physical, ecological and cultural characteristics of a landscape. LCA uses a range of data sources to identify and describe areas of common character and can operate at a range of scales i.e.national and regional and local. The paper describes the steps taken to develop an island wide landscape typology for Cyprus, based on the use of GIS and remote sensing tools. The methodology involved integrating physiographical, ecological and cultural information about the Cypriot landscape. Datasets on the cultural attributes (e.g. settlement and field patterns) were not available, so they were created de novo based on information from topographical maps (for settlement dispersion and density) and medium resolution satellite imagery from Google Earth, from which a number of distinctive field patterns could be distinguished. The mapping work is carried out on two levels using a hierarchical approach. The first level at a 1:100, 000 scale has been completed resulting in a map with 17 distinct landscape types. The second level is under way with the view of producing a more detailed landscape typology at 1:50, 000 scale which will incorporate the cultural aspects of the island. This is the first time that such a typology has been produced for Cyprus and it is expected to provide an invaluable tool for landscape planning and management.

Symons, N. P.; Vogiatzakis, I. N.; Griffiths, G. H.; Warnock, S.; Vassou, V.; Zomeni, M.; Trigkas, V.

2013-08-01

428

Machine Recognition of Hand Written Characters using Neural Networks  

CERN Document Server

Even today in Twenty First Century Handwritten communication has its own stand and most of the times, in daily life it is globally using as means of communication and recording the information like to be shared with others. Challenges in handwritten characters recognition wholly lie in the variation and distortion of handwritten characters, since different people may use different style of handwriting, and direction to draw the same shape of the characters of their known script. This paper demonstrates the nature of handwritten characters, conversion of handwritten data into electronic data, and the neural network approach to make machine capable of recognizing hand written characters.

Perwej, Yusuf; 10.5120/1819-2380

2012-01-01

429

Effect of Ghost Character Theory on Arabic Script Based Languages Character Recognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Arabic script is used by more than 1/4th population of the world in the form of different languages like Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi, Pashto etc but each language have its own words meaning. The set of ?has 58 alphabets. Arabic script based languages character recognition is difficult task due to ...

Razzak, Mohamed Imran; Belaïd, Abdel; Hussain, Syed Afaq

430

Working through Falulkner’s A Rose for Emily—On Character and Character Portrayal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available William Faulkner's first published and still the best-known short story A Rose for Emily combined his artistic preoccupations and techniques to portray the character. The adoption of the conventional techniques and experimental devices depicts the complexity of the female psyche in decline and transition.

Jie Fang

2011-01-01

431

Probabilistic Artificial Neural Network For Recognizing the Arabic Hand Written Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to present a new technique assists in developing a recognition system for handling the Arabic Hand Written text. The proposed system is called Arabic Hand Written Optical Character Recognition (AHOCR). AHOCR was concerned with recognition of hand written Alphanumeric Arabic characters. In the present work, extracted characters are represented by using geometric moment invariant of order three. The advantage of using moment invariant for pattern classification as compared to the other methods is its invariant with respect to its: position , size and rotation .The proposed technique was divided into three major steps : the first step was concerned with digitization and preprocessing documents to create connect components, detect the skew of characters and correct it .The second step deals with how to use geometric moment invariant features of the input Arabic characters to extract features . The third step focused on description of an advanced system of classification using Probabilistic Neural networks structure which yields significant speed improvement. Our final results indicate and clarify that the proposed AHOCR technique achieves an excellent test accuracy of recognition rated up to 97% for isolated Arabic characters and 96% for Arabic text.

Khalaf khatatneh; Ibrahiem M.M. El Emary; Basem A. Rifai

2006-01-01

432

Decompositions of hybrid characters in terms of orbit functions  

CERN Multimedia

The characters of irreducible finite dimensional representations of compact simple Lie group G are invariant with respect to the action of the Weyl group W(G) of G. The defining property of the new character-like function ('hybrid characters') is the fact that W(G) acts differently on the character term corresponding to the long roots than on those corresponding to the short roots. Therefore the hybrid characters are defined for the simple Lie groups with two different lengths of their roots. Dominant weight multiplicities for the hybrid characters are determined. The formulas for 'hybrid dimensions' are also found for all cases as zero degree term in power expansion of the 'hybrid characters'.

Lemire, Francis W; Szajewska, Marzena

2012-01-01

433

Handwritten Nushu Character Recognition Based on Hidden Markov Model  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper proposes a statistical-structural character learning algorithm based on hidden Markov model for handwritten Nushu character recognition. The stroke relationships of a Nushu character reflect its structure, which can be statistically represented by the hidden markov model. Based on the prior knowledge of character structures, we design an adaptive statisticalstructural character learning algorithm that accounts for the most important stroke relationships, which aims to improve the recognition rate by adapting selecting correct character to the current handwritten character condition. We penalize the structurally mismatched stroke relationships using the prior clique potentials and derive the likelihood clique potentials from Gaussian mixture models. Theoretic analysis proves the convergence of the proposed algorithm. The experimental results show that the proposed method successfully detected and reflected the stroke relationships that seemed intuitively important. And the overall recognition rate is 93.7 percent, which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

Jiangqing Wang; Rongbo Zhu

2010-01-01

434

Consciousness and abilities of dream characters observed during lucid dreaming.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A description of several phenomenological experiments is given. These were done to investigate of which cognitive accomplishments dream characters are capable in lucid dreams. Nine male experienced lucid dreamers participated as subjects. They were directed to set different tasks to dream characters they met while lucid dreaming. Dream characters were asked to draw or write, to name unknown words, to find rhyme words, to make verses, and to solve arithmetic problems. Part of the dream characters actually agreed to perform the tasks and were successful, although the arithmetic accomplishments were poor. From the phenomenological findings, nothing contradicts the assumption that dream characters have consciousness in a specific sense. Herefrom the conclusion was drawn, that in lucid dream therapy communication with dream characters should be handled as if they were rational beings. Finally, several possibilities of assessing the question, whether dream characters possess consciousness, can be examined with the aid of psychophysiological experiments.

Tholey P

1989-04-01

435

Consciousness and abilities of dream characters observed during lucid dreaming.  

Science.gov (United States)

A description of several phenomenological experiments is given. These were done to investigate of which cognitive accomplishments dream characters are capable in lucid dreams. Nine male experienced lucid dreamers participated as subjects. They were directed to set different tasks to dream characters they met while lucid dreaming. Dream characters were asked to draw or write, to name unknown words, to find rhyme words, to make verses, and to solve arithmetic problems. Part of the dream characters actually agreed to perform the tasks and were successful, although the arithmetic accomplishments were poor. From the phenomenological findings, nothing contradicts the assumption that dream characters have consciousness in a specific sense. Herefrom the conclusion was drawn, that in lucid dream therapy communication with dream characters should be handled as if they were rational beings. Finally, several possibilities of assessing the question, whether dream characters possess consciousness, can be examined with the aid of psychophysiological experiments. PMID:2717365

Tholey, P

1989-04-01

436

Braille character discrimination in blindfolded human subjects.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Visual deprivation may lead to enhanced performance in other sensory modalities. Whether this is the case in the tactile modality is controversial and may depend upon specific training and experience. We compared the performance of sighted subjects on a Braille character discrimination task to that of normal individuals blindfolded for a period of five days. Some participants in each group (blindfolded and sighted) received intensive Braille training to offset the effects of experience. Blindfolded subjects performed better than sighted subjects in the Braille discrimination task, irrespective of tactile training. For the left index finger, which had not been used in the formal Braille classes, blindfolding had no effect on performance while subjects who underwent tactile training outperformed non-stimulated participants. These results suggest that visual deprivation speeds up Braille learning and may be associated with behaviorally relevant neuroplastic changes.

Kauffman T; Théoret H; Pascual-Leone A

2002-04-01

437

Salient Biochemical Characters of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A total of 136 strains of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans were studied for 135 features. All isolates were small nonmotile capnophilic gram-negative rods which grew with no requirement of X or V growth factors. They all decomposed hydrogen peroxide, were oxidase-negative and benzidine-positive, reduced nitrate, produced strong alkaline and acid phosphatases, and fermented fructose, glucose and mannose. Variable fermentation results were obtained with dextrin, maltose, mannitol and xylose. Some isolates produced small amounts of gas. Representative strains of Haemophilus aphrophilus were morphologically and biochemically quite similar to A. actinomycetemcomitans. Characters which should prove to be useful to identify and distinguish these two species include catalase reaction. fermentation of lactose, starch, sucrose and trehalose, and resistance to sodium fluoride. This information allows a rapid diagnosis by species and may be helpful in studies of infections involving these organisms.

Slots J

1982-02-01

438

Salient Biochemical Characters of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 136 strains of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans were studied for 135 features. All isolates were small nonmotile capnophilic gram-negative rods which grew with no requirement of X or V growth factors. They all decomposed hydrogen peroxide, were oxidase-negative and benzidine-positive, reduced nitrate, produced strong alkaline and acid phosphatases, and fermented fructose, glucose and mannose. Variable fermentation results were obtained with dextrin, maltose, mannitol and xylose. Some isolates produced small amounts of gas. Representative strains of Haemophilus aphrophilus were morphologically and biochemically quite similar to A. actinomycetemcomitans. Characters which should prove to be useful to identify and distinguish these two species include catalase reaction. fermentation of lactose, starch, sucrose and trehalose, and resistance to sodium fluoride. This information allows a rapid diagnosis by species and may be helpful in studies of infections involving these organisms. PMID:7065813

Slots, J

1982-02-01

439

The Methodological Character of Symmetry Principles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, I argue that symmetry principles in physics (in particular, in quantum mechanics)have a methodological character, rather than an ontological or an epistemological one. First, Iprovide a framework to address three related issues regarding the notion of symmetry: (i) how thenotion can be characterized; (ii) one way of discussing the nature of symmetry principles, and (iii)a tentative account of some types of symmetry in physics. To illustrate how the frameworkfunctions, I then consider the case of the early formulation of quantum mechanics, examining thedifferent roles played by symmetry in this context. Finally, I raise difficulties for ontological andpurely epistemological interpretations of symmetry principles, and offer a methodologicalalternative.

Otávio Bueno

2006-01-01

440

Adolescent girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty: typical character traits.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It has been reported that girls at onset of idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) and during treatment have symbiotic character traits. The aim of this study was to investigate the development of character in a group of adolescents. Ten adolescent girls aged 14 years treated for ICPP were evaluated. All the adolescents in the study had a negative body image compared with age-matched controls and expressed a strong inhibition of their femininity. Their poor body image is reflected by their limited self-esteem. These adolescents have not been able to operate a reorganization of their affective life and therefore go through the necessarily slow and painful separation from their family. Symbiotic traits are "hard-wired" into their lives. These results suggest that at ICPP onset, in addition to setting up an educational program for the parents, it is equally important to supply psychological support for the patients in order to gain a better interaction between biological, psychological and cultural influences.

Officioso A; Salerno M; Lettiero T; Micillo M; Pisaturo L; Di Maio S

2000-07-01

 
 
 
 
441

Adolescent girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty: typical character traits.  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been reported that girls at onset of idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) and during treatment have symbiotic character traits. The aim of this study was to investigate the development of character in a group of adolescents. Ten adolescent girls aged 14 years treated for ICPP were evaluated. All the adolescents in the study had a negative body image compared with age-matched controls and expressed a strong inhibition of their femininity. Their poor body image is reflected by their limited self-esteem. These adolescents have not been able to operate a reorganization of their affective life and therefore go through the necessarily slow and painful separation from their family. Symbiotic traits are "hard-wired" into their lives. These results suggest that at ICPP onset, in addition to setting up an educational program for the parents, it is equally important to supply psychological support for the patients in order to gain a better interaction between biological, psychological and cultural influences. PMID:10969930

Officioso, A; Salerno, M; Lettiero, T; Micillo, M; Pisaturo, L; Di Maio, S

2000-07-01

442

Embryology of Siparunaceae (Laurales): characteristics and character evolution.  

Science.gov (United States)

Embryological characters of Siparunaceae, which are poorly understood, were studied on the basis of two constituent genera, an African Glossocalyx and a South American Siparuna, to better understand their evolution within Laurales. These two genera have many embryological characteristics in common with the other lauralean families. Noticeably, they share the multi-celled ovule archesporium (uncertain in Glossocalyx) as a synapomorphy with all the other lauralean families except Lauraceae, the anthers dehisced by valves as a synspomorphy with all the other lauralean families except Calycanthaceae and Monimiaceae, and the bisporangiate anther as a synapomorphy with Gomortegaceae and Atherospermataceae. Siparunaceae are, however, distinct from all other laularean families in having unitegmic ovules that were derived from bitegmic ovules, probably due to an elimination of the outer integument. Likewise, the lack of the testa (i.e., developed outer integument), the "endotegmic" seed coat, and the perichalazal seed at maturity are also characteristics of Siparunaceae. Within the family, Siparuna differs from Glossocalyx in having plural tetrads of megaspores and plural, starchy-rich, one-nucleate, tubular embryo sacs (autapomorphies). On the other hand, Glossocalyx is characterized by having bilaterally flattened seeds (autapomorphy). Although functional aspects of those autapomorphies are uncertain, both Glossocalyx and Siparuna show evolution in different embryological characters. PMID:12783265

Kimoto, Yukitoshi; Tobe, Hiroshi

2003-05-29

443

Embryology of Siparunaceae (Laurales): characteristics and character evolution.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Embryological characters of Siparunaceae, which are poorly understood, were studied on the basis of two constituent genera, an African Glossocalyx and a South American Siparuna, to better understand their evolution within Laurales. These two genera have many embryological characteristics in common with the other lauralean families. Noticeably, they share the multi-celled ovule archesporium (uncertain in Glossocalyx) as a synapomorphy with all the other lauralean families except Lauraceae, the anthers dehisced by valves as a synspomorphy with all the other lauralean families except Calycanthaceae and Monimiaceae, and the bisporangiate anther as a synapomorphy with Gomortegaceae and Atherospermataceae. Siparunaceae are, however, distinct from all other laularean families in having unitegmic ovules that were derived from bitegmic ovules, probably due to an elimination of the outer integument. Likewise, the lack of the testa (i.e., developed outer integument), the "endotegmic" seed coat, and the perichalazal seed at maturity are also characteristics of Siparunaceae. Within the family, Siparuna differs from Glossocalyx in having plural tetrads of megaspores and plural, starchy-rich, one-nucleate, tubular embryo sacs (autapomorphies). On the other hand, Glossocalyx is characterized by having bilaterally flattened seeds (autapomorphy). Although functional aspects of those autapomorphies are uncertain, both Glossocalyx and Siparuna show evolution in different embryological characters.

Kimoto Y; Tobe H

2003-08-01

444

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERS OF PATIENTS WITH TUBERCOLOSIS: ISFAHAN 1998-1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Tuberculosis is a wide spread disease in the world. It is a health problem in every where. The prevalence of tuberculosis have been increased since several years ago due to some factors such as AIDS. For management of this problem, we need to data about our identified patients. Then we can have a solution for disease control. We demonstrate the patients demographic characters in our province. Methods. All of 164 identified patients under treatment for tuberculosis in Isfahan province were studied (1998-1999). Demographic data such as age, sex, nationality and gender and some characters about their discase was collected. HIV screening was done for all patients by ELISA method and documented in suspicious patients by western blot test. Results. Male to female ratio was 21:20. About 70 percent of patients had primary lung tuberculosis. Skeletal TB was the most common type of extrapulmonary invasion. Seventy four patients were Afghanian and 90 patients were Iranian. Only one patient (a 14 years old boy) was positive for HIV infection. He was a hemophilic patient with history of infected blood transfusion. Discussion. Compared to developed and far east countries, in our country, HIV infection is not a frequent infection in tuberculosis patients. This study shows that migration from Afghanestan to Iran is a very important affecting factor in tuberculosis epidemiology in our region.

H SALEHI; M POOR AHMAD

2001-01-01

445

Immunohistochemical Character of Hepatic Angiomyolipoma: For Its Management  

Science.gov (United States)

Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML) is notoriously difficult to diagnose without an invasive surgery even with the recent development of the various imaging modalities. Additionally, recent reports showed its malignant behavior after the surgery; it is important to diagnose the character of each tumor including the possible malignant potential and determine the postoperative management for each case. For this purpose, we have reviewed reports and focused on the immunohistochemical staining with p53 and ki67 of the tumors showing the representative case of 60-year-old female. The imaging study of her tumor showed the character similar to the hepatocellular carcinoma, and she underwent the hepatectomy. The resected tumor stained positive for HMB-45 that is a marker of the AML, and 30–50% of the tumor cells were positively stained with Ki67 that is a mitotic marker. Also, the atypical epithelioid cells displayed p53 immunoreactivity. These results suggest the malignant potential of our tumor based on the previous reports; therefore the careful followup for this case is necessary for a long period whether it shows metastasis, sizing up, and so forth.

Kobayashi, Yuka; Kamimura, Kenya; Nomoto, Minoru; Sugitani, Soichi; Aoyagi, Yutaka

2013-01-01

446

Who's Who? Memory Updating and Character Reference in Children's Narratives.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The capacity to update and monitor the contents of working memory is an executive function presumed to play a critical role in language processing. The current study used an individual differences approach to consider the relationship between memory updating and accurate reference to story characters in the narratives of typically developing children. METHOD: English-speaking children from kindergarten to grade 2 (N = 63; M age 7.0 years) completed updating tasks, short-term memory tasks, and narrative productions. We used multiple regression to test whether updating accounted for independent variability in referential adequacy. RESULTS: The capacity to update working memory was related to adequate character reference beyond the effects of age and of short-term memory capacity, with the strongest relationship emerging for maintaining reference over multiple utterances. CONCLUSIONS: This individual differences study is the first to show a link between updating and performance in a discourse production task for young school-aged children. The findings contribute to the growing body of research investigating the role of working memory in shaping language production. This study invites extension to children of different ages and language abilities as well as to other language production tasks.

Whitely C; Colozzo P

2013-06-01

447

Inheritance of morphological characters in sorghum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is an important food andfodder crop in India and the world. It has a number ofadvantages which have made it the traditional staplecereal crop in subsistence or low-resource agriculture inthe hot semi-arid regions. Morphological variants withdistinct phenotypic expression can be used to establishlinkages and for indirect selection if found associatedwith useful traits. However, for constructing linkagemaps, a sufficiently large number of distinct morphologicaltraits is required. Several morphological variants fordifferent plant parts, such as leaf, stem, spike, grainpeduncle, etc have been reported in sorghum (IBPGRand ICRISAT 1993). Among the many traits, brown andpithy leaf midrib, presence of awn, type of glumes in thepanicles and plant color, ie, anthocyanin pigmentation ofleaf sheath have been found to be useful as markers sincethey are associated with one or the other economicallyimportant traits such as increased fodder quality (brownmidrib) (Porter et al. 1978) and resistance to bird damage(presence of awns) (Kullaiswamy and Goud 1983). Closedglume type panicles have advantage over open typepanicles in offering resistance to grain mold infection(Murty 2000) and tan-colored plants are most preferredin seed industry as they exhibit immunity to variousfungal diseases (Melake-Berhan et al. 1996). A recentreport on the effects of plant color on agronomiccharacters of sorghum showed lower grain yields from agroup of tan hybrids compared to pigmented hybrids(Williams-Alanis et al. 1995). Further, such traits are moreimportant from the point of identification of cultivar,which is much needed in the present era of plant varietyprotection (Roy et al. 2004). In view of the importance ofthese characters in sorghum, an attempt has been made tostudy the inheritance of these characters using a set ofcultivars.

R Nagaraja Reddy; S Murali Mohan; R Madhusudhana; AV Umakanth; K Satish; G Srinivas

2008-01-01

448

Parental care-giving and home environment predicting offspring's temperament and character traits after 18 years.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although many personality theories emphasize the role of parental behaviors in shaping personality development, empirical data from longitudinal studies remain scarce. It is also not known, if parental behaviors affect character development more strongly than temperament or vice versa. In a prospective study, 1083 volunteer participants of the Young Finns study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Parents of the participants had answered questions about parenting attitudes, socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and role satisfaction 18 years before. We studied the univariate and the cumulative effects of parental care-giving and family environment on offspring's personality traits. Parental care-giving and home-environment were more strongly associated with offspring character traits reflecting personality maturity (Self-directedness and Cooperativeness) than with offspring temperament traits (Novelty seeking, Harm avoidance, Reward dependence and Persistence) reflecting emotional and behavioral tendencies. The differences were most evident in the cumulative effects model. Maternal variables were stronger predictors than paternal variables. The present findings suggest that not all personality traits are similarly predicted by parental care-giving and home-environment. In particular, character development is more strongly related to such measures than temperament. Parental care-giving and home-environment are more strongly related to psychological maturity (character) than emotional and behavioral tendencies (temperament).