WorldWideScience
1

Graphic Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

Thompson, John

2009-01-01

2

Parental Influence on the Development of Children's Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling represents an aspect of children's general language competence. The characteristics of the home literacy environment, especially joint reading between parents and children, have a significant effect on children's storytelling. The purpose of this study was to explore the age differences in the storytelling of three- to six-year-old…

Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja-Peklaj, Urska; Podlesek, Anja

2012-01-01

3

Storytellers as partners in developing a genetics education resource for health professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advances in genetics are bringing unprecedented opportunities for understanding health and disease, developing new therapies and changes in healthcare practice. Many nurses and midwives lack competence and confidence in integrating genetics into professional practice. One approach to enhance understanding of genetics is to simulate clinical exposure through storytelling. Stories are acknowledged as a powerful learning tool, being understandable and memorable, stimulating critical thinking, and linking theory to practice. Telling Stories, Understanding Real Life Genetics is a freely accessible website that sets people's stories within an education framework. The links between the stories and professional practice are made explicit and additional features support learning and teaching. Care of the storytellers within an ethical framework is of paramount importance. Storytellers are viewed as partners in the project. The challenges encountered include preserving the authentic voice and dignity of the storyteller. Project team members have also experienced 'professional shame' when negative experiences have been recounted, and the stories have had an impact on the team. The experience of working with storytellers has been positive. The storytellers want to be heard so that others will benefit from their stories. They serve as a reminder of why this work is important. PMID:22197414

Kirk, Maggie; Tonkin, Emma; Skirton, Heather; McDonald, Kevin; Cope, Buddug; Morgan, Rhian

2013-05-01

4

Creating Dialogue by Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The objective of this paper is to develop practice and theory from Augusto Boal's dialogue technique (Image Theatre) for organisational use. The paper aims to examine how the members in an organisation create dialogue together by using a dramaturgical storytelling framework where the dialogue emerges from storytelling facilitated by…

Passila, Anne; Oikarinen, Tuija; Kallio, Anne

2013-01-01

5

Developing Individual and Team Character in Sport  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea that participation in sport builds character is a long-standing one. Advocates of sport participation believe that sport provides an appropriate context for the learning of social skills such as cooperation and the development of prosocial behavior (Weiss, Smith, & Stuntz, 2008). Research in sport regarding character development has…

Gaines, Stacey A.

2012-01-01

6

Character animation fundamentals developing skills for 2D and 3D character animation  

CERN Document Server

Expand your animation toolkit and remain competitive in the industry with this leading resource for 2D and 3D character animation techniques. Apply the industry's best practices to your own workflows and develop 2D, 3D and hybrid characters with ease. With side by side comparisons of 2D and 3D character design, improve your character animation and master traditional principles and processes including weight and balance, timing and walks. Develop characters inspired by humans, birds, fish, snakes and four legged animals. Breathe life into your character and develop a characters personality w

Roberts, Steve

2012-01-01

7

Empowering the Learner through Digital Animated Storytelling : Developing Innovative Learning Designs for the Multimodal Classroom  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The advent of new media offer potentials for multimodal learning [1] to the learners. This also calls for new learning designs that fully make use of digital media and explore how they can be used to create a motivating and meaningful learning environment that addresses the learner’s individual needs and different preferences for expression. With the old norms for authority based on teacher centric classrooms changing, there is a need to develop ways that can engage, motivate and empower the learners to take part in learning activities that are inherently meaningful to each student. Storytelling and narrative is fundamental to the process of meaning making according to the seminal works of cultural psychologist Jerome Bruner [2]. .As the Canadian educational theorist Kieran Egan [3] suggests, there is an important relationship between storytelling and imagination because it is ”central to the general ability to make meaning out of experience.” One way to design for narrative multimodal learning isto introduce the learners to the tools to make digital animated stories as a way to work with literacies in the classroom. In this way it may offer the learners a platform for meaningful involvement in the school, where they are intrinsically motivated to perform task that they feel are relevant in the context of the narrative universes they are creating, fostering selfefficacy and a sense of empowerment, which may be important to further learning experiences.

Gjedde, Lisa

2012-01-01

8

Development of a post-intensive care unit storytelling intervention for surrogates involved in decisions to limit life-sustaining treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Surrogates involved in decisions to limit life-sustaining treatment for a loved one in the intensive care unit (ICU) are at increased risk for adverse psychological outcomes that can last for months to years after the ICU experience. Post-ICU interventions to reduce surrogate distress have not yet been developed. We sought to (1) describe a conceptual framework underlying the beneficial mental health effects of storytelling, and (2) present formative work developing a storytelling intervention to reduce distress for recently bereaved surrogates. Method: An interdisciplinary team conceived the idea for a storytelling intervention based on evidence from narrative theory that storytelling reduces distress from traumatic events through emotional disclosure, cognitive processing, and social connection. We developed an initial storytelling guide based on this theory and the clinical perspectives of team members. We then conducted a case series with recently bereaved surrogates to iteratively test and modify the guide. Results: The storytelling guide covered three key domains of the surrogate's experience of the patient's illness and death: antecedents, ICU experience, and aftermath. The facilitator focused on the parts of a story that appeared to generate strong emotions and used nonjudgmental statements to attend to these emotions. Between September 2012 and May 2013, we identified 28 eligible surrogates from a medical ICU and consented 20 for medical record review and recontact; 10 became eligible, of whom 6 consented and completed the storytelling intervention. The single-session storytelling intervention lasted from 40 to 92 minutes. All storytelling participants endorsed the intervention as acceptable, and five of six reported it as helpful. Significance of Results: Surrogate storytelling is an innovative and acceptable post-ICU intervention for recently bereaved surrogates and should be evaluated further. PMID:24524736

Schenker, Yael; Dew, Mary Amanda; Reynolds, Charles F; Arnold, Robert M; Tiver, Greer A; Barnato, Amber E

2014-02-13

9

Developing Autonomous Learning for Oral Proficiency Using Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Since online educational technology can support a ubiquitous language learning environment, there are many ways to develop English learners' autonomy through self-access learning. This study investigates whether English as a second language (ESL) learners can improve their oral proficiency through independent study by using online self-study…

Kim, SoHee

2014-01-01

10

Towards an Empathizing and Adaptive Storyteller System  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper describes our ongoing effort to build an empathizing and adaptive storyteller system. The system under development aims to utilize emotional expressions generated from an avatar or a humanoid robot in addition to the listener’s responses which are monitored in real time, in order to deliver a story in an effective manner. We conducted a pilot study and the results were analyzed in two ways: first, through a survey questionnaire analysis based on the participant’s subjective ratings; second, through automated video analysis based on the participant’s emotional facial expression and eye blinking. The survey questionnaire results show that male participants have a tendency of more empathizing with a story character when a virtual storyteller is present, as compared to audio-only narration. The video analysis results show that the number of eye blinking of the participants is thought to be reciprocal to their attention.

Bae, Byung Chull; Brunete, Alberto

2012-01-01

11

Anatomy Digital Storytelling Projects 101: How to Create and Implement Digital Storytelling into Your Curriculum  

Science.gov (United States)

A description of a digital storytelling project; allowing students to gather and process information relating to a physiology concept and develop a digital storytelling project explaining and demonstrating said concept.

2008-12-01

12

Storytellers in the Classroom.  

Science.gov (United States)

Stewart Marsden discusses the art of storytelling, with emphasis on the work of storyteller Jackie Torrence, the National Association for the Preservation and Perpetuation of Storytelling (NAPPS), and the Tennessee In-School Storyteller Program. Jay O'Callahan provides 16 tips for the storyteller. (SJL)

Marsden, Stewart; O'Callahan, Jay

1980-01-01

13

Playing with the team: The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

OpenAIRE

Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variouslyidentified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement,and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remainsthe need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it hasassumed. During the spring/summer of 2011, I conducted an examination ofTaking the Field (TTF), a digital storytelling project that aims to celebrategrassroots cricket in the UK through t...

Peter John Westman

2012-01-01

14

Leadership, character and its development: A qualitative exploration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore (1 what organisational leaders consider to be character elements of leaders within the workplace, (2 what influences leaders’ character development, and (3 how an organisation can continue the process of character development. The literature review and findings revealed that leadership, integrity, industriousness, empathy, loyalty, optimism, fairness and compassion are the most sought after character elements within leaders in the workplace. Leadership and integrity were found to be the most supported character elements. The findings also indicate that work environmental factors, a person’s own efforts, and the daily experiences of work life contribute towards character development.

Roslyn de Braine

2007-01-01

15

Leadership, character and its development: A qualitative exploration  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to explore (1) what organisational leaders consider to be character elements of leaders within the workplace, (2) what influences leaders’ character development, and (3) how an organisation can continue the process of character development. The literature review and findings revealed that leadership, integrity, industriousness, empathy, loyalty, optimism, fairness and compassion are the most sought after character elements within leaders in the workplace. Leade...

Roslyn De Braine; Derek Verrier

2007-01-01

16

Using TPR-Storytelling To Develop Fluency and Literacy in Native American Languages.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses total physical response storytelling (TPR-S) as a promising approach to teaching a Native American language to Native students who have not learned it at home. TPR-S is an extension of James Asher's TPR immersion approach to teaching second languages. It has become very popular with indigenous teachers because it allows…

Cantoni, Gina P.

17

"Playing with the Team": The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variously identified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement, and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remains the need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it has assumed. During the spring/summer…

Westman, Peter John

2012-01-01

18

Computer-simulated development process of Chinese characters font cognition  

Science.gov (United States)

The research of Chinese characters cognition is an important research aspect of cognitive science and computer science, especially artificial intelligence. In this paper, according as the traits of Chinese characters the database of Chinese characters font representations and the model of computer simulation of Chinese characters font cognition are constructed from the aspect of cognitive science. The font cognition of Chinese characters is actual a gradual process and there is the accumulation of knowledge. Through using the method of computer simulation, the development model of Chinese characters cognition was constructed. And this is the important research content of Chinese characters cognition. This model is based on self-organizing neural network and adaptive resonance theory (ART) neural network. By Combining the SOFM and ART2 network, two sets of input were trained. Through training and testing methods, the development process of Chinese characters cognition based on Chinese characters cognition was simulated. Then the results from this model and could be compared with the results that were obtained only using SOFM. By analyzing the results, this simulation suggests that the model is able to account for some empirical results. So, the model can simulate the development process of Chinese characters cognition in a way.

Chen, Jing; Mu, Zhichun; Sun, Dehui; Hu, Dunli

2008-10-01

19

An Enhanced Concept Map Approach to Improving Children's Storytelling Ability  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling is an imperative and innovative pathway to enhance learning due to the fact that such activity prompts learners to reflect to construct meaning based on their observations and knowledge. Therefore, to develop and enhance students' storytelling ability has become an important issue for both educators and researchers. Since storytelling…

Liu, Chen-Chung; Chen, Holly S. L.; Shih, Ju-Ling; Huang, Guo-Ting; Liu, Baw-Jhiune

2011-01-01

20

Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

What's a digital story? The folks at the Digital Storytelling initiative at The Ohio State University define it thusly: "a short (3-5 minute) movie which uses images, voice, and music to tell a story." The initiative is a great idea and this website offers visitors the chance to get acquainted with the digital stories that are being created at the school. Visitors should start their journey here by navigating over to the Stories area. Here they will find examples of these narratives, including "Howling at the Moon," "Clover Angst," "Our Sacred Circles," and "What's This Say?" Moving on, the Resources area includes information for those who would like to create their own digital stories. The links here lead to copyright-free audio and video sources, along with low-cost or free images. Also, this section includes helpful handouts that are used in the storytelling workshops at the OSU campus. No doubt this website will be a source of motivation and inspiration for those people who might like to create their own narratives.

2012-08-31

21

Signs, Systems and Complexity of Transmedia Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article addresses key concepts such as sign, system and complexity in order to approach transmedia storytelling and better understand its intricate nature. The theoretical framework chosen to investigate transmedia storytelling meanders is Semiotics by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914 and General Systems Theory by Mario Bunge (1919-. The complexity of transmedia storytelling is not simply the one of the signs of the works included in a transmedia franchise. It also includes the complexity of the dispositions of users/consumers/players as interpreters of semiotic elements (e.g. characters, themes, environments, events and outcomes presented by transmedia products. It extends further to the complexity of social, cultural, economical and political constructs. The German transmedia narrative The Ultimate SuperHero-Blog by Stefan Gieren and So?a’s Diary, a Portuguese multiplatform production by BeActive, are presented as examples of closed and open system transmedia storytelling respectively.

Renira Rampazzo Gambarato

2012-12-01

22

Playing with the team: The Development of Communities of Practice in a Digital Storytelling Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since its emergence in the early 1990's, digital storytelling has been variouslyidentified as a new media practice, a consumer and community-led movement,and a textual system. However, given its relative nascent status, there remainsthe need for further academic research focusing on the different forms it hasassumed. During the spring/summer of 2011, I conducted an examination ofTaking the Field (TTF, a digital storytelling project that aims to celebrategrassroots cricket in the UK through the construction of stories by village andcounty-level clubs. In contrast to most previous projects that aim to have theparticipants “speak” by constructing their own stories, TTF stories are researchedand constructed by project staff with the assistance of the clubs.My research centers on the experiences of two clubs in the project, Blaina CC andSpondon CC, through interviews and elicitation techniques with club andcommunity members using the completed stories and the artifacts used in theirconstruction. Through the theoretical framework of Gell's anthropology of art, Iconsider how digital stories act as objects that mediate social agency during theircreation and how the structure of this type of project contributes to the formationof communities of practice in the 'performance' of collective identity.

Peter John Westman

2012-12-01

23

Sharing Multicultural Literature through Storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Details how storytelling could function as a rich, multicultural pedagogy. Explores how storytelling can be grounded in the oral traditions of African and East Indian cultures. Locates a series of skills that emerge from storytelling activities. (RS)

Newell, Florence M.

1995-01-01

24

Development of Comprehensive Devnagari Numeral and Character Database for Offline Handwritten Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

In handwritten character recognition, benchmark database plays an important role in evaluating the performance of various algorithms and the results obtained by various researchers. In Devnagari script, there is lack of such official benchmark. This paper focuses on the generation of offline benchmark database for Devnagari handwritten numerals and characters. The present work generated 5137 and 20305 isolated samples for numeral and character database, respectively, from 75...

Dongre, Vikas J.; Mankar, Vijay H.

2013-01-01

25

Oral Storytelling: Building Community through Dialogue, Engagement, and Problem Solving  

Science.gov (United States)

Oral storytelling supports young children's learning and development differently than stories read aloud from picture books. It gives children an opportunity to exercise their imagination, communicate effectively, enhance their social literacy, and build community in a different way. Oral storytelling encourages a heightened and more sophisticated…

Berkowitz, Doriet

2011-01-01

26

Towards a Postcolonial-storytelling Theory of Management and Organization  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A contribution to management philosophy is made here by the development of a postcolonial-storytelling theory, created by drawing together parallel developments in quantum physics and tribal peoples’ storytelling. We argue that these developments resituate the hegemonic relationship of discursive representationalism over material storytelling practices. Implications are two-fold. First, this dissolves inherent dualisms presumed in the concept of interaction among entities like actor–structure, subject–object and discursive–nondiscursive in favour of a profound ontology of entanglement and intra-action of materiality and discourse, where storytelling is a domain of this discourse. Second, postcolonial phenomena are understood as results of entangled genealogies in which plural voices are present. This implies an understanding and awareness of the intra-action of imperial narratives and material storytelling and antenarrative resistance, and thus the resistance and contestation to imperial and colonising monologic narratives of spatial and temporal alignment.

JØrgensen, Kenneth MØlbjerg; Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

2013-01-01

27

????????????? A Study of Influence of Storytelling toward Organizational Memory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Retention facilities??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????During the era of knowledge-based economy, knowledge management is important to organizations. Organization members’ knowledge can be stored and then information or knowledge can be shared by KM. Organizational memory is one of intangible assets of one organization; it stores past experience and knowledge, supports organization strategy, and improves organization effectiveness. Accordingly, it is important to establishment and development of organizational memory for KM. Organizational culture can be stored by story, and it is one of retention facilities of organizational memory. For this reason, we can’t ignore the influence of storytelling on organizational memory. Besides, universities are important in the era of knowledge-based economy because of the influence of organizational memory on thinking, behavior, and attitude of members. The idea, spirit, and culture of universities can be passed down by storytelling. Shih Hsin university is the subject in this study. Based on the literature review and in-depth interview, this study explores the importance of storytelling to organization, the influence of storytelling on organizational memory, and organization value can be or can not be conveyed and established effectively by storytelling. The results of this study indicate that: 1. The importance of storytelling: Through storytelling, organization members emotionally connect to their organization and then identify their organization; 2. Storytelling can store organizational culture, convey experience and knowledge, and improve acquisition, retention, and maintenance of process of organizational memory management; 3. Organization value and spirit can be conveyed effectively by storytelling. Meanwhile, it is positive to employees. The results of this study explore the influence of storytelling on organizational memory and could be the reference to establishment and development of organizational memory in such enterprise and higher education organization.

Pin-Han Chen

2008-06-01

28

Fundamentals of Interactive Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of interactive storytelling should not only be on the attributes of the technology or characteristics of the medium, such as the AI techniques, planning formalisms, story representations, etc. but also on the computer-mediated communication processes, such as the relatedness of transmitted messages with previous exchanges of information, the number of attributes to be manipulated by the player, or the level of player control on the messages. It is argued that an approach to maximize player enjoyment in a computer game is to customize/personalize the gaming experience and the associated computer-mediated communication processes. To this aim and to provide answers to “how” and “what” should be customized, the article first explores the problematic notions of interactivity and then frame the discussion in the context of interactive storytelling systems. Secondly, it analyses table-top role-playing games (RPGs - the live counterpart of computerized interactive storytelling systems – in an attempt to find “what” to customize. In particular, it focuses on the Dungeon Master whose role in co-ordinating human-to-human communication process of interactive storytelling provides valuable insights into how to handle the human-to-machine/game communication process. Finally, the article proposes a framework to explain “how” to customize for maximum player enjoyment and optimal game experience within an interactive storytelling system.

Barbaros BOSTAN

2012-08-01

29

THE CHARACTER CONTEXT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JAYENGRONO PARK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the research is to examine the context of the Willemsplein development. Willemsplein was a public urban-square in Dutch c¬o¬lonial era (plein at Jembatan Merah area. Willemsplein, which in the following time became Surabaya urban heritage, changes into a private me¬¬mo¬rial park which is known as Taman Jayeng¬rono (Jayengrono Park. The context of this park is the most important aspect in the urban-square de¬¬velopment be¬cause the attainment of the suitability and continuity of the visual-formal, memory, and meaning of the urban-square arrangement implicitely shows certain character. The research method is a qualitative des¬crip¬tive method which is implied to analyze the comparation of the arrangement of Jayengrono Park in the past and at present in three phases. The first phase is the identification of the chronological formation of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the historical period suitability (diachronic reading towards the phy¬sical arrangement (synchronic reading. The second phase is the identification of the proportion of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the measurement of the square-proportion ratio. The last phase is the iden¬tification of the place by using the analysis technique of simulation. The research shows that the Willems¬ple¬in arrangement combines the classical European open-square arrangement of the two development centers in Italy and France through the usage of the sequences of streets, rivers and bridges and the usage of the street axes as the mathematical result of the square proportion. The deletion of the intagible identitiy in Willemsplein shows that the character context cannot be attained; or it can be interpreted as the loss of the identity of the cu¬l¬tural reservation in the development of Jayengrono Park. Concurrently, it means that the development of Ja¬yeng¬rono Park is merely as an urban green open-square.

Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah

2009-01-01

30

Investigating the Activities of Children toward a Smart Storytelling Toy  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces StoryTech, a smart storytelling toy that features a virtual space, which includes computer-based graphics and characters, and a real space, which includes plush toys, background cards, and a communication interface. When children put real objects on the receiver panel, the computer program shows related backgrounds and…

Kara, Nuri; Aydin, Cansu Cigdem; Cagiltay, Kursat

2013-01-01

31

Len Cabral's Storytelling Book.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book provides the basic knowledge to be able to tell stories. The stories presented target children in preschool through sixth grade. Following an introduction which considers the value of storytelling in culture and in education, the first chapter explains how to use the book and introduces the "telling guide," which appears throughout most…

Cabral, Len; Manduca, Mia

32

Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

How is digital storytelling different than just plain old storytelling? Digital storytelling utilizes computer-based tools to tell stories, which is the key difference. The method is not so new, as it has been going on in earnest for two decades. This particular manifestation of digital storytelling is part of the University of Houston, and it contains a primer on the subject (the How To section), along with a range of example stories and news from the center. Educators will appreciate the Educational Materials area as it contains lesson plans, information about copyright infringement, the creation of e-books, and evaluating the success of digital storytelling projects. Additionally, the Example Stories contains over four dozen links to existing digital storytelling projects such as "Spies of the Revolutionary War!" and "Crucibles in Action".

33

Character Development and Critical Democratic Education in Ontario, Canada  

Science.gov (United States)

Ontario, Canada's new character education policy is analyzed to determine how it supports and undermines critical democratic commitments to diversity, dialogue, equity, critical mindedness, and social justice. While policies are always open to interpretation, recent reform policies requiring evidence of continual improvement in students' academic…

Winton, Sue

2010-01-01

34

The Hadia story:digital storytelling in election campaigns  

OpenAIRE

Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released duri...

Bakøy, Eva; Kalnes, Øyvind

2010-01-01

35

Material Storytelling : Resituating Language and Matter in Organizational Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter highlights the manner by which matter came to matter in an organizational restorying process. It reports on the important findings of an action-research project using and developing an organizational-reworking apparatus coined as Material Storytelling (Strand, 2010). Within the contemporary management literature, the low-practical aspects of organizational life, development, and change are commonly disregarded as unimportant. In return, this chapter highlights how matter matters as part of the field of possibility for action. More specifically, this chapter is the story about how I, together with 10 participants at a Danish care institution, the ’Youth-home’ at the Deaf-blindness Centre in Aalborg (DBC hereafter), came to acknowledge the importance of the arrangement of our physical surroundings in our workplaces in regard to the practices that are actually being conducted (and not). These surroundings do not so much (passively) mirror what is important and not important. Rather, they co-constitute, on a daily basis, which material-discursive practices (and voices) are allowed to matter, and which, in effect, are excluded from mattering through the congealed agency of these materialized physical surroundings. It became evident that if you want to rid the everyday work-practices from certain habitual patterns of behavior – and, in effect, change these priorities or hegemonies – you must be willing to change some vital physical and material conditions of the workplace. However, the rebuild in itself was not the solution. Rather, it was an important aspect of reworking the complex relationality of people, practices, and surroundings and in accomplishing a more balanced relationship between the discursive and the material in reworking the organization. The chapter proposes, through concrete examples, an Apparatus of Material Storytelling as the methodology through which imbalances can be resituated; a manner of ‘enacting the between’ that suggests a different take on the relationality of power, discourse, and materiality, which includes a discussion about respons(dis)ability just as much as responsibility, due to silenced, excluded, or impaired voices. Keywords: Material Storytelling, intra-action, materiality, matter, spacetimematter reconfiguration, Organizational change, multimodality, touching responsiveness, respons(dis)ability “Language matters. Discourse matters. Culture matters. There is an important sense in which the only thing that does not seem to matter anymore is matter” (Barad, 2007, p. 132).

Strand, Anete Mikkala Camille

2014-01-01

36

Something for nothing? Reconstruction of ancestral character states in asterinid sea star development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Traits from early development mapped onto phylogenetic trees can potentially offer insight into the evolutionary history of development by inferring the states of those characters among ancestors at nodes in the phylogeny. A key and often-overlooked aspect of such mapping is the underlying model of character evolution. Without a well-supported and realistic model ("nothing"), character mapping of ancestral traits onto phylogenetic trees might often return results ("something") that lack a sound basis. Here we reconsider a challenging case study in this area of evolutionary developmental biology: the inference of ancestral states for ecological and morphological characters in the reproduction and larval development of asterinid sea stars. We apply improved analytical methods to an expanded set of asterinid phylogenetic data and developmental character states. This analysis shows that the new methods might generally offer some independent insight into choice of a model of character evolution, but that in the specific case of asterinid sea stars the quantitative features of the model (especially the relative probabilities of different directions of change) have an important effect on the results. We suggest caution in applying ancestral state reconstructions in the absence of an independently corroborated model of character evolution, and highlight the need for such modeling in evolutionary developmental biology. PMID:18184358

Keever, Carson C; Hart, Michael W

2008-01-01

37

Digital Storytelling: A Tool for Teaching and Learning in the YouTube Generation  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers can connect with today's digital learners by using digital storytelling as an instructional tool. This article describes the process of learning to use digital storytelling through the case of Tyler Binkley, a first-year middle school math teacher whose professional development exemplifies the learning process educators can follow to communicate with students on frequencies they understand.

Oliver Dreon

38

Character Development in a Distance Education Literature Course: Perspectives on Independent Study English 395R--Christian Fantasy Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

The goals of higher education often entail the development of students' character. Rarely, however, are these character development goals connected to the unique design and delivery of distance education programs. Additionally, the research literature that explores the character development aspects of distance education is sparse. Thus the purpose…

Johnson, Michael C.

2009-01-01

39

A Key Condition for Character Development: Building a Sense of Community in School.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on the work of the Child Development Project. The project outlined a series of approaches and characteristics shared by successful character development school programs. These include creating a caring community, a social constructivist approach to staff development, use of cooperative learning strategies, autonomy, belonging, and…

Schaps, Eric; Watson, Marilyn; Lewis, Catherine

1997-01-01

40

Piaget, Meet Lilly: Understanding Child Development through Picture Book Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Picture books appeal to readers of all ages for many different reasons. As instructors of child development, we use them as one strategy to help students conceptualize the physical, cognitive, and socioemotional growth of children. We use picture books to introduce principles, explain vocabulary, and encourage students to make connections between…

Hansen, Cory Cooper; Zambo, Debby

2005-01-01

41

Time Management Practices, Character Development and Academic Performance among University Undergraduates: Covenant University Experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: University undergraduates are representative of the Nigerian youth population; and sustainable development in any nation depends on the resourcefulness of her youth. This necessitates the need to drive excellence among Nigerian undergraduates through quality education and advice. Quality education is demonstrated in character and in learning; and characters of discipline, responsibility and diligence serve as the hallmark of excellence among university undergraduates. It is hypothesized that time management practices will be positively related to character development and academic performance among university undergraduates. Method: The case study and ex-post facto research designs were adopted in this study. Questionnaire was administered to 120 Diploma and Certificate students of Leadership Development Programme in Covenant University. Results: The findings revealed a positive relationship between character development and time management practices (r = .44, p p 2 = .241, F (3,116 = 12.383, p 2 = .241, F (3,116 = 5.412, p p > .05. Conclusion: It was concluded that in the quest for academic excellence, building performance characters such as discipline, responsibility and diligence among university undergraduates was as important as improving the quality and standard of learning. This study therefore recommended that time management training be incorporated into academic advising and tutoring programs in the Nigerian academia.

Elizabeth I. Olowookere

2015-01-01

42

Character Development in Business Education: A Comparison of Coeducational and Single-Sex Environments  

Science.gov (United States)

This study questions the widely held assumption, particularly in the United States, that coeducation is best. Previous research supports the development of single-sex education for both female and male students. This study examines how the learning climate of the coeducation environment seems to affect the character development of female business…

Davis, James H.; Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle; Rajadhyaksha, Ujvala

2011-01-01

43

What educators should know about teaching digital storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they havelearned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, andsupervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digitalstorytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIEinstructional design framework and are presented as starting points thateducators should consider when they begin to integrate digital storytelling in theirclassrooms. The guidelines provide useful information that will help educatorsteach students all phases of the digital storytelling process, including analysis,design, development, implementation and evaluation of digital storytellingprojects that focus on educationally meaningful topics.

Bernard R. Robin

2012-12-01

44

MicroCulture : Interactive storytelling and learning in the museum  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper proposes a playful learning scenario, to enhance children’s museum experience, and the design of MicroCulture, a new learning platform. MicroCulture has been developed through a participatory design process, involving around 25 children. The perspective proposed in this paper is focused on enhancing existing storytelling practices, so to provide a more tangible grounding to the communication of historical processes and to elicit a lively dialogue between children and guides. In this perspective, it is proposed to turn storytelling, as a museum learning practice, into a more dialogic and playful mode of communication.

Marchetti, Emanuela

2012-01-01

45

The Living Values-Based Contextual Learning to Develop the Students' Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Problem statement: University has an important role in the process of young generation character education. The character education should be integrated through the living values-based contextual learning model in order to be easier internalized and implemented. This study aimed at describing: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing; (2 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model in lecturing and (3 the effect of the living values-based contextual learning model on students? character improvement. Approach: This study used Research and Development design. The technique of data collection used observation, documentation, Focus Group Discussion and questionnaire. The analysis of qualitative data used data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion stages. Meanwhile, quantitative data analysis used correlation and regression analysis. The subjects of study were 98 students of Civic Education Study Program, Indonesia University of Education of academic year 2011/2012. Results: The finding showed that: (1 the living values-based contextual learning model conceptually in lecturing was the integration of living values into material, method, media, learning source and lecturing evaluation conceptually; (2 the living values-based contextual learning model was implemented through value learning variation in contextual learning (problem-based learning, cooperative learning, project-based learning, service learning and work-based learning; (3 the implementation of the living values-based contextual learning model had an effect by 26% on the students? character development Conclusion: The living values-based contextual learning is an alternative of character education integration model in university learning process. This model can be applied in lecturing to develop the students? characters including religious, honest, tolerant, well-mannered, discipline, hard working, creative, independent, democratic, homeland love, respecting achievement, collaborating and responsible.

Kokom Komalasari

2012-01-01

46

Character Education: Students Develop "The Kindness Company" to Benefit Local Charities  

Science.gov (United States)

One can develop a family and consumer sciences (FCS) course that teaches character education, and allows students to experience the good feelings that come from helping others through The Kindness Company. The Kindness Company is a simulated company that produces items for donation to local charitable organizations. Students get management…

Blanton, Dorothy

2004-01-01

47

On Developing HyperCard Stacks for the Study of Chinese Characters: KanjiCard.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes "KanjiCard," an interactive self-tutorial program for beginning students of Japanese to learn Kanji, Chinese characters used in the Japanese language. The Macintosh-developed approach uses "HyperCard" technology, computer-assisted animation, and voice digitizing to achieve enhanced graphic presentation. (Author/CB)

Nakajima, Kazuko

1988-01-01

48

Modeling of Interactive Storytelling and Validation of Scenario by Means of Linear Logic  

OpenAIRE

Research on Interactive Storytelling has mainly focused on the opposition between a discourse point of view and a character point of view for a story. In this paper, we propose an approach to model Interactive Storytelling using Linear Logic, which is a support for reasoning on both points of view. Then we give an example on an educational game that shows the possibility of validating a scenario of a story, by applying the proof graph of a Linear Logic sequent. Finally we discuss about issues...

Dang, Kim Dung; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

2010-01-01

49

Visual Storytelling – Knowledge and Understanding in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an ongoing research project of use and learning with geographic information visualization and Visual Storytelling (geovisual analytics in education. The fully developed study will be applied in school settings in order to 1 customize the application for educational purpose, 2 improve the teaching in social science and 3 study teachers and students experiences and learning. - The application "Open Statistics eXplorer" will be used to improve the students knowledge and understanding of sophisticated statistical relations, - Teachers will be able to, individually and together, develop a dynamic teaching material through storytelling, through the web, - Students will be able to, with help of powerful geographical statistics, explore statistical relations on their own. A better understanding of how educators and their students can elicit deeper user understanding and participation by exploiting dynamic web-enabled statistics visualization is of importance. Results from an usability study in this project are promising. Together with the associated science of perception in learning in relation to the use of multidimensional spatio-temporal statistical data this research will contribute to the research fields of geovisual analytics as well as educational science.

Linnéa Stenliden

2012-10-01

50

Digital storytelling as an emerging documentary form  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This contribution presents the idea that digital storytelling can be fruitfully studied using concepts and perspectives from documentary theory. Two definitions of digital storytelling are analysed and compared to how documentary filmmaking has been characterized. From this comparison, it is possible to argue that digital storytelling works within a contextual contract similar to that of documentary filmmaking, especially in regard to the positioning of the audience and the media product. The study of digital storytelling might accordingly benefit from the ongoing discussions in documentary theory about authorial responsibility and claims of realism and truthfulness

Ana Luisa Sanchez-Laws

2010-11-01

51

Media aesthetics based multimedia storytelling.  

OpenAIRE

Since the earliest of times, humans have been interested in recording their life experiences, for future reference and for storytelling purposes. This task of recording experiences --i.e., both image and video capture-- has never before in history been as easy as it is today. This is creating a digital information overload that is becoming a great concern for the people that are trying to preserve their life experiences. As high-resolution digital still and video cameras become increasing...

Obrador Espinosa, Pere

2011-01-01

52

Foundations of character: methodological aspects of a study of character development in three- to six-year-old children with a focus on sharing behaviours  

OpenAIRE

This article focuses on methodological issues arising in a study of character development, using illustrations of ‘sharing behaviours.’ Based primarily in six early years settings in southeast England the research records naturalistic observations of peer interactions for 55 children aged three to six years. Applying grounded theory to the processes of observing, analysing and interpreting evidence required a cautious and collectively reflective approach. The methodology sought to moderat...

Arthur, James; Powell, Sacha; Lin, Hsing-chiung

2012-01-01

53

"Invitations" to Character  

Science.gov (United States)

If we are to help children develop character, we have to go beyond offering a character education class once or twice each month. We actually have to validate character when we see it or hear about it happening. Through the use of a new strategy called "focused invitations," counselors and teachers can focus on the 36 core components of character

Milliren, Al; Messer, Mitchell H.

2009-01-01

54

The Hydromorphic Character of Developing Anastomosed Systems Determined from Metre Scale Resolution Aerial LIDAR  

Science.gov (United States)

Anastomosing channels are rare in the UK primarily due to inappropriate channel and floodplain engineering and management. This study examines the character of developing anastomosed channels on the River Wear and the River Irthing in northern England using metre scale resolution aerial LIDAR data. The LIDAR data are used to create a detailed digital surface and terrain models (DSM & DTM) of the study reaches. The data accurately records vegetation character and sub-channel planform and morphology. Topographic metrics reveal a well-developed vegetation community and a diverse terrain, dominated by an interlinked channel network split by variable length, generally low elevation interfluves. Utilisation of the LIDAR DEM in the JFLOW+ 2D hydrodynamic model has generated local hydraulic variable estimates through the anastomosed reaches across a range of flows. These data demonstrate clearly how elevated flows are transferred out of the primary channel and distributed along the interconnected secondary channel network, creating a diverse set of hydraulic environments. Interfluve areas become quickly inundated further dissipating flow energy. Shear stress estimates across the study sites reveal a generally reduced ability to mobilise sediments and erode channel margins. It would appear that the topographic character of these developing anastomosing sites efficiently manages flood flow energy, activating secondary channels and low elevation interfluves to distribute flood flows, creating a dynamically stable river environment. These findings are contrasted against data from wandering channel systems, characterised by a poorly developed riparian vegetation community, where bar deposition and bank erosion dominate. A model of channel evolution linking wandering and anastomosed channel types is proposed, demonstrating from the topographic data how wandering systems may develop into anastomosed systems with appropriate riparian vegetation management.

Entwistle, N. S.; Heritage, G. L.; Bentley, S.

2012-12-01

55

DIGITAL STORYTELLING, EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR E LITERACIA DIGITAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper offers a critical review of the relevant literature in English and Portuguese on the production of audiovisual material such as Digital Storytelling to be used in higher education and produced by those involved in the teaching and learning process. The aim is to reflect on some characteristics needed to develop a contextualized experience through short audiovisual stories.The research methodology used in this study is based on vast literature search inseveral databases at Nottingham Trent University (England and the UniversidadeFederal de Santa Catarina (Brazil. The study results indicate that certain skills,for example, ability to construct a coherent narrative, and image, video and soundediting are required of those involved in higher education due to the insertion ofmultiple digital technologies in peoples’ everyday life. Thus, it is argued that thepractical experience of audiovisual education might enhance the digital literacyof students by the production of audiovisual pieces for the collaborative learningprocess of adults.

Josias Ricardo Hack

2013-05-01

56

Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR) system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated...

Dr. Santanu Halder; Abul Hasnat; Ms. Amina Khatun,; Dr. Debotosh Bhattacharjee,; Dr. M. Nasipuri,

2013-01-01

57

Digital storytelling teaching robotics basics  

OpenAIRE

Digital Storytelling (DST) is a powerful tool for teaching complex concepts. DSTs are typically used in the humanities but several papers have shown that they are also a wonderful tool for the sciences because they are more involving, contextualized and can easily lead to deeper understanding. In the classical use of DST the story is thecontent, while the digital medium is the way of telling it. Our approach is slightly different: the story is not the content but a glue for the main contents,...

Michele Scandola; Paolo Fiorini

2013-01-01

58

Enforcing Cooperative Storytelling: First Studies  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we describe the first prototype of a system called StoryTable, aimed at supporting a group of children in the activity of storytelling. The system is based on a special multi-user touchable device (the MERL DiamondTouch) and it was designed with the purpose of enforcing collaboration between children. The paper discusses how the main design choices were influenced by the paradigm of cooperative learning and presents two observational studies to assess the effects of the differe...

Gelmini, Giulia; Cappelletti, Alessandro; Pianesi, Fabio; Rossi, Franca; Zancanaro, Massimo

2004-01-01

59

Believable Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

The interactive entertainment industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. In 1996, the U.S. entertainment software industry reported 2.6 billion in sales revenue, this figure has more than tripled in 2007 yielding 9.5 billion in revenues [1]. In addition, gamers, the target market for interactive entertainment products, are now reaching beyond the traditional 8-34 year old male to include women, Hispanics, and African Americans [2]. This trend has been observed in several markets, including Japan, China, Korea, and India, who has just published their first international AAA title (defined as high quality games with high budget), a 3D third person action game: Ghajini - The Game [3]. The topic of believable characters is becoming a central issue when designing and developing games for today's game industry. While narrative and character were considered secondary to game mechanics, games are currently evolving to integrate characters, narrative, and drama as part of their design. One can see this pattern through the emergence of games like Assassin's Creed (published by Ubisoft 2008), Hotel Dusk (published by Nintendo 2007), and Prince of Persia series (published by Ubisoft), which emphasized character and narrative as part of their design.

El-Nasr, Magy Seif; Bishko, Leslie; Zammitto, Veronica; Nixon, Michael; Vasiliakos, Athanasios V.; Wei, Huaxin

60

The development of character education by improving student motivation in science  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The goal of this study is, first to provide students with better comprehension skills in Science field by encouraging them to raise an interest in Science by applying convenient teaching methods, systems, and tools. Therefore, to use the positive environment developed through motivation consciously and build desired and expected behaviours in the society by means of character education. Appropriate character education is to be carried out by relating Science topics to the current daily life.The field of this study was V.K.V. Koc School. Applications were occurred with 666 students from K1 to K5 levels. Measurements and evaluation field was limited with K4 and K5 levels, who joined the Science Laboratory Activities periodically. The study has been applied between 2000 autumn term and 2002 spring term. Additionally, there is a comparative adaptation on the study of 2002-2003 education year, which was adapted to the American K8 level students at Lake Stevens Middle School, Seattle, Washington, USA

61

Threats of natural character, factors affecting sustainable development of territories and their prevention  

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Full Text Available XXI century is characterized by globalization of socio-economic processes, economic growth, and excessive consumption of natural resources that leads to imbalance in socio-economic systems. Significant threats to the sustainable development of territories are natural and anthropogenic disasters, the extent and severity of which significantly increased in recent decades. They do great damage to economy and environment, often accompanied by loss of human lives. Russia with its broad territory, significant difference in climate conditions, is exposed to the wide range of natural hazards and disasters. The most dangerous are earthquakes, floods, forest fires. About 20 % of the Russian Federation is situated in zones of high risk, which are inhabited by more than 20 million people. Area of flooding as a result of floods can reach over 400 km2. Annually in the forests appear from 100 to 300 thousand of fires on the total area of 1.5 - 2.5 million hectares. The impact of natural disasters on the sustainable development of territory is considered in the article as an example of one of the Russian regions - the Republic of Mordovia. It was analyzed the dynamics of emergencies for the period of 2000 - 2012 years, paid attention to natural emergencies (forest fires and floods. Despite the fact that occurrence of emergency and catastrophic situations of natural character happens spontaneously, size of damage they do largely determined by timeliness and accuracy of the prediction and adoption of adequate preventive measures. In this regard, the article provides recommendations to reduce threats of natural character for the sustainable development of the Republic of Mordovia. They cover a range of activities on monitoring of natural phenomena, protection of the population from emergency situations to minimize potential damage, training of population in the face of natural disasters, development of economic policy in the region and training of personnel in the sphere of environmental management.

Guskova N.D.

2013-01-01

62

Barbara Reed: Visionary Storyteller and Dramatist.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pays tribute to Barbara Reed, a leader in both children's drama and storytelling. Notes Barbara Reed's life accomplishments and many contributions to the field of theatre and performing arts education. (SC)

Gangi, Jane

2000-01-01

63

Development of a Bangla Character Recognition (BCR System for Generation of Bengali Text from Braille Notation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a novel Bangla Character Recognition (BCR system which converts a Braille Document into Bengali text which is not attempted in research work so far. The system is capable of doing the extraction of Braille Characters from a Braille document followed by decoding them into Bengali characters and then the decoded Bengali characters are normalized to Bengali text which is in human-understandable form. This system can be very useful for the blind communities and the associated persons who want to know the Braille system through Bengali language. The proposed methodology has been tested on the Braille documents collected from the Jhunka Pratibondhi Aloke Niketan, West Bengal.

Dr. Santanu Halder

2013-06-01

64

Effects of temperature on the development of meristic characters in Natrix fasciata  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effects of thermal environment on the development of embryos of Natrix fasciata were investigated in the laboratory. A total of 997 embryos were obtained from females incubated under five different thermal regimes, three constant and two fluctuating diurnally. These embryos were compared with a group of 473 wild-incubated controls. The principal objective of the study was to determine the effect of developmental temperature on vertebral number. Other objectives were to assess the effects of temperature on other characters of scutellation and to attempt to determine the optimum developmental temperature for the species studied. The effect of developmental temperature on vertebral number seems to be similar to that found in fish; an increase at both high and low temperatures with the minimum counts occurring at intermediate temperatures. In Natrix fasciata the effect appears to be confined to the trunk region. Low temperature treatment increases the frequency of divided preocular scales from none in the controls to about 10% in the low temperature sample. The number of postocular scales is reduced by low temperature treatment (65% ''2's'') and increased by high temperature treatment (65% ''3's''). The wild population has approximately equal numbers of individuals with two and three postoculars. The number of labial scales is not affected in a directional manner by developmental temperature, but a significant increase in variability in this character was noted at both temperature extremes. Both low and high temperature treatments increased the frequency of ''half-ventrals'' over the frequencies found in middle temperature and control groups. These extra half-ventrals were usually correlated with duplications of vertebral elements and extra ribs.

Osgood, D.W.

1978-02-10

65

Storytelling as a communication tool for health consumers: development of an intervention for parents of children with croup. Stories to communicate health information  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based intervention for delivery of health evidence to parents of children with croup for use in a randomized controlled trial. Methods A creative writer interviewed parents of children with croup presenting to the pediatric emergency department (ED and drafted stories. We revised the stories based on written participant feedback and edited the stories to incorporate research evidence and health information. An illustrator and graphic designer developed story booklets which were evaluated through focus groups. Results Ten participants provided feedback on the five stories drafted by the creative writer. Participants liked the concept but found the writing overly sophisticated and wanted more character development and more medical/health information. Participants highlighted specific story content that they liked and disliked. The revised stories were evaluated through focus groups involving eight individuals. Feedback was generally positive; one participant questioned the associated costs. Participants liked the graphics and layout; felt that they could identify with the stories; and felt that it was easier to get information compared to a standard medical information sheet. Participants provided feedback on the story content, errors and inconsistencies, and preferences of writing style and booklet format. Feedback on how to package the stories was provided by attendees at a national meeting of pediatric emergency researchers. Conclusions Several challenges arose during the development of the stories including: staying true to the story versus being evidence based; addressing the use of the internet by consumers as a source of health information; balancing the need to be comprehensive and widely applicable while being succinct; considerations such as story length, reading level, narrative mode, representation of different demographics and illness experiences, graphics and layout. The process was greatly informed by feedback from the end-user group. This allowed us to shape our products to ensure accuracy, credibility, and relevance. Our experience is valuable for further work in the area of stories and narratives, as well as more broadly for identifying and developing communication strategies for healthcare consumers.

Hartling Lisa

2010-09-01

66

Digital storytelling teaching robotics basics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Storytelling (DST is a powerful tool for teaching complex concepts. DSTs are typically used in the humanities but several papers have shown that they are also a wonderful tool for the sciences because they are more involving, contextualized and can easily lead to deeper understanding. In the classical use of DST the story is thecontent, while the digital medium is the way of telling it. Our approach is slightly different: the story is not the content but a glue for the main contents, while the digital medium remains the way to tell the story. We propose the use of DST as a means to teach surgeons the basics of robotic surgery, by using a story that should be involving forthem, i.e. a surgical operation, within which we will illustrate specific concepts onrobotics in surgery.

Michele Scandola

2013-01-01

67

iTheater Puppets Tangible Interactions for Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we present preliminary work on iTheater, an interactive integrated system for story-creation and storytelling, dedicated to young children. Based on the analogy with hand puppets’ theatre, the system aims to create an interactive environment where children will be able to give life to their imaginary characters by creating, editing and recording computer animations in a simple and exciting way, through the movement and tactile manipulation of traditional hand puppets. The system merges the familiarity of use of physical objects with the engaging richness of expression of sounds, images and animations. The iTheater is conceived as a creative flexible toolkit to create and tell stories, taking advantage of the new opportunities based on the multimedia and interactive technologies.

Mayora, Oscar; Costa, Cristina; Papliatseyeu, Andrei

68

Development of a Multi-User Recognition Engine for Handwritten Bangla Basic Characters and Digits  

CERN Document Server

The objective of the paper is to recognize handwritten samples of basic Bangla characters using Tesseract open source Optical Character Recognition (OCR) engine under Apache License 2.0. Handwritten data samples containing isolated Bangla basic characters and digits were collected from different users. Tesseract is trained with user-specific data samples of document pages to generate separate user-models representing a unique language-set. Each such language-set recognizes isolated basic Bangla handwritten test samples collected from the designated users. On a three user model, the system is trained with 919, 928 and 648 isolated handwritten character and digit samples and the performance is tested on 1527, 14116 and 1279 character and digit samples, collected form the test datasets of the three users respectively. The user specific character/digit recognition accuracies were obtained as 90.66%, 91.66% and 96.87% respectively. The overall basic character-level and digit level accuracy of the system is observe...

Rakshit, Sandip; Das, Tanmoy; Dutta, Subhrajit; Basu, Subhadip

2010-01-01

69

Digital Storytelling as an Interactive Digital Media Context  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital storytelling involves the creation of short, personal narratives combining images, sounds, and text in a multimedia computer-based platform. In education, digital storytelling has been used to foster learning in formal and informal spaces worldwide. The authors offer a critical discussion of claims about digital storytelling's usefulness…

Anderson, Kate T.; Chua, Puay Hoe

2010-01-01

70

The Art of Storytelling: Reshaping and Preserving Traditions  

Science.gov (United States)

According to Simon Ortiz (Acoma Pueblo), storytelling is as much about education as entertainment. It is through storytelling that each tribe's history, moral precepts, and spirituality are passed down from one generation to the next. This attention to the holistic value of storytelling and its link to community is understood by Kevin "Hoch"…

Sorensen, Barbara Ellen

2012-01-01

71

Storytelling as a trigger for sharing conversations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores whether traditional oral storytelling can be used to provide insights into the way in which young people of 12-14 years identify and understand the language of emotion and behaviour. Following the preliminary analysis, I propose that storytelling may trigger sharing conversations. My research attempts to extend the social and historical perspectives of Jack Zipes, on fairy tales, into a sociological analysis of young people’s lives today. I seek to investigate the extent that the storytelling space offers potential benefits as a safe place for young people to share emotions and experiences, and learn from one another. My research analysis involved NVivo coding of one hour storytelling and focus group sessions, held over five weeks. In total, there were six groups of four children, of mixed ethnicity, gender, ability, and socio-economic background, from three schools within Warwickshire. The results confirmed that the beneficial effects of the storytelling space include a safe area for sharing emotions and experiences, and in general for supporting young people outside formal learning settings.

Emma Louise Parfitt

2014-04-01

72

Using Environment-Based Education To Advance Learning Skills and Character Development: A Report, Annotated Bibliography and Research Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

Environment-based education (EBE) focuses on the interdisciplinary integration of the subject by using constructivist, team teaching, self-learning, and student-centered instructional approaches. This report defines environment-based education and discusses advanced developments in learning skills and character education. Contents include: (1)…

North American Association for Environmental Education, Rock Spring, GA.

73

Entrepreneurship Development Course to Foster Character Merchandise in Support Economic Growth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This analysis focuses on the entrepreneurship education and economic growth to welfare in the nation. Development of learning and teaching activities aim to build a spirit of human creativity, innovation, sportsmanship and self-employment. These learning need to be followed up with efforts to integrate character education classes, education, creative economy, and entrepreneurship education into the college curriculum. These program is a very important to economic growth, and more important than the object that is emphasized in most economic education. The image is an impression that a poor country because people do not have program entrepreneurship education with effective and eficience so perceptions received by a person when he saw, heard and used in the national industry to generate economic value. The image must be built in a planned and measured so as to discover the presence of a positive impact on the nation. The economic structure of the creative assets that have the potential to increase of economic growth. World transformed rapidly with economic growth, from the SDA-based human resource-based, from the agricultural era to the industrial era and the views of economic development based on the flow of ideas. Wave of creative economy is a stream that has been accepted as the flow of the new economy in the economic civilization. previous waves, among others: the wave of agricultural economics, industrial economics wave, and wave information economy. Creative economy as a recent surge in economic growth, entrepreneurship needs to be invested in the lecture so that they can optimally support its economic growth.

Waspodo Tjipto Subroto

2013-06-01

74

Storytelling: a teaching-learning technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses' stories, arising from the practice world, reconstruct the essence of experience as lived and provide vehicles for learning about nursing. The learning process is forwarded by combining storytelling and reflection. Reflection represents an active, purposive, contemplative and deliberative approach to learning through which learners create meaning from the learning experience. The combination of storytelling and reflection allows the creation of links between the materials at hand and prior and future learning. As a teaching-learning technique storytelling engages learners; organizes information; allows exploration of shared lived experiences without the demands, responsibilities and consequences of practice; facilitates remembering; enhances discussion, problem posing and problem solving; and aids understanding of what it is to nurse and to be a nurse. PMID:8717006

Geanellos, R

1996-03-01

75

Character coding  

Science.gov (United States)

Character coding has been called the bete noire of phylogenetic analysis. As you may have seen from class, the definition of "character" is squishy and varies between authors. Although there isn't agreement on exactly what a character is, it is possible to predict how certain character definitions and coding strategies affect phylogenetic analysis. This activity focuses on character coding, specifically about how different coding strategies can affect analysis. In this exercise we will try to look at different coding strategies by considering the simple shapes below. (1) What is a character, and what qualities do characters have? (2) Given the 'morphology' depicted above, what features vary? (3) Given the variation you identified, come up with as many character codings as you can; i.e., different ways that this variation can be coded into characters. (4) For each of the coding strategies you come up with in question 3, identify its assumptions, limitations, and strengths. (5) Identify your preferred coding strategy and defend your choice. Students asked to define what a character is and to discuss what they 'require', and then to come up with an exhaustive list of coding strategies for the sample morphology. They are then asked to list assumptions/limitations of each strategy.

Jeff Wilson

76

Collaborative Storytelling Experiences in Social Media: Influence of Peer-Assistance Mechanisms  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaborative storytelling activities in social media environments are generally developed in a linear way in which all participants collaborate on a shared story as it is passed from one to another in a relay form. Difficulties with this linear approach arise when collecting the contributions of participants in to a coherent story. This study…

Liu, Chen-Chung; Liu, Kuo-Ping; Chen, Wei-Hong; Lin, Chiu-Pin; Chen, Gwo-Dong

2011-01-01

77

2011 "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival  

CERN Multimedia

The "Cour des Contes" storytelling festival will take place in Plan-les-Ouates (Geneva) from 6 to 15 May 2011. This year, for the first time, stories will be told in English at 11 a.m. on Sunday, 15 May, at the "La Julienne" arts and culture centre.   More information  

2011-01-01

78

Storytelling in Carolina: Continuities and Contrasts.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines storytelling styles and themes characteristic of South Carolina children of African and European heritage. Demonstrates the continuity between African American themes and motifs throughout the North American continent, the Caribbean, and West Africa, and illustrates contrasts between oral and written texts generated by Black and White…

Nichols, Patricia C.

1989-01-01

79

Character Recognition Using Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

In the present paper, we are use the neural network to recognize the character. In this paper it is developed 0ff-line strategies for the isolated handwritten English character (A TO Z) and (0 to 9).This method improves the character recognition method. Preprocessing of the Character is used binarization, thresolding and segmentation method .The proposed method is based on the use of feed forward back propagation method to classify the characters.The ANN is trained using the Back Propagationa...

Ankit Sharma, Dipti R. Chaudhary

2013-01-01

80

Building trust in times of crisis: : Storytelling and change communication in an airline company  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Purpose – This paper aims to argue for and apply a polyphonic approach to corporate storytelling and organisational change communication. A participatory action research project demonstrates how recently developed inclusive methodologies that seek to create employee participation have been applied in a case company. Design/methodology/approach – Case study based on a constructionist approach and four methodological foundations: participatory action research, co-productive methods (such as organisational photography), appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams. Findings – Results of the organisational change process in the case company show that the application of a polyphonic approach to organisational change communication and storytelling, appreciative inquiry and strategic change communication teams created involvement in and enactment of organisational change based on employees, own values and stories in the case company. Research limitations/implications – Further research is needed that applies the methodological foundations of this study in other organisational contexts and under different circumstances. Practical implications – The methodologies and approaches applied in this case cannot be transferred to other organisations directly, but the paper seeks to inspire practitioners with regard to inclusive and empowering approaches to change communication and storytelling. Originality/value – Argues theoretically, presents and applies recently developed constructionist approaches and co-productive methods. Keywords Change management, Storytelling, Corporate communications, Organizational culture, Airlines Paper type Research paper

Langer, Roy; Thorup, Signe

2006-01-01

81

The Hadia Story: Digital Storytelling in Election Campaigns  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling in election campaigns is a relatively recent phenomenon, which needs to be investigated in order to enhance our understanding of changes and developments in modern political communication. This article is an analysis of how the Norwegian-Pakistani Labour politician, Hadia Tajik, has used digital storytelling to construct her political identity, and a discussion of the consequences of her experiments with this genre. The focus is on the five video stories she released during the 2009 parliamentary election campaign and the reactions they evoked on the net and in the traditional media during the same (time period.During the 2009 electoral campaign Tajik moved from being a relatively unknown politician to becoming a political household name and the only member of the new Parliament with a migrant background. The digital stories were instrumental in this development for numerous reasons, the most important probably being that they gave her prime time television coverage. Norwegian news media have in general been very concerned with Web 2.0 and Tajik’s videos were regarded as an innovative kind of political communication. The videos also functioned as an effective marketing tool on the net. As an integral part of her extensive viral network, they attracted numerous views and they were with a few exceptions met with positive reactions. This was probably due to their relatively high production values and their catch-all communication strategy that downplayed her ethnic, educational and political background and emphasized her universal human qualities.

Øyvind Kalnes

2010-06-01

82

Corporate Storytelling as an Effective Internal Public Relations Strategy  

OpenAIRE

Corporate storytelling can be an engaging and effective means of internal public relations. The characteristics of internal storytelling make it an excellent medium for an organisation to engage with staff on a more personal level and strengthen employee loyalty. This integrated literature review explores the use of storytelling as an effective tool for internal communication and employee engagement, a key internal public relations responsibilities, which can build internal loyalty ...

Rob Gill

2011-01-01

83

Development of Near Isogenic Lines of Wheat Carrying Different Spike Branching Genes and Their Agronomic and Spike Characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The branched spike introduced from T. turgidum in common wheat was controlled by two recessive genes (sb1 and sb2. The effect of specific sb on the development and spike characters can be accurately determined by using isogenic lines (NILs, which, however, were not usually available. In this study, four genotypes having different combinations of the two sb genes with a common genetic background cv. Taishan were produced by continuous backcrossing and determined by crossing and test-crossing. The four NILs included one line with branched spike, DR (sb1sb1 sb2sb2, and three lines with normal spike, SR1 (sb1sb1 Sb2Sb2, SR2 (Sb1Sb1 sb2sb2, and DD (Sb1Sb1 Sb2Sb2. These NILs were grown during two growing seasons (2008–2009 and 2009–2010 to investigate the effects of sb genes on agronomic and spike characters. The results showed that SR1 postponed significantly the days to heading and the days to anthesis, and SR2 decreased significantly grain number by reducing the fertile floret in a spike. DR not only displayed the branched spike but also had great effects on agronomic and spike characters. In DR, the days to maturate was significantly postponed, and the number of fertile floret and grain number increased in a spike, but the grain set reduced significantly. This indicated the sb combinations have different effects on the agronomic and spike characters. This research made foundation for analyses of mechanisms of branched spike formation and associated properties in hexaploid wheat in future.

Weidong Zhang

2012-06-01

84

Development of a character, line and point display system. [for medical records  

Science.gov (United States)

A compact graphics terminal for use as the input to a computerized medical records system is described. The principal mode of communication between the terminal and the records system is by checklists and menu selection. However, the terminal accepts short, handwritten messages as well as conventional alphanumeric input. The terminal consists of an electronic tablet, a display, a microcomputer controller, a character generator, and a refresh memory for the display. An Intel SBC 80/10 microcomputer controls the flow of information and a 16 kilobyte memory stores the point-by-point array of information to be displayed. A specially designed interface continuously generates the raster display without the intervention of the microcomputer.

Owen, E. W.

1977-01-01

85

Irradiation effect on growth development and offsprings character of millet in the stratosphere  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A significant influence on vegetative growth and character variation in offsprings of millet by irradiation in the stratosphere were investigated. The experimental results showed that germinating viability increased by 21.1%, plant height reduced 6.8 cm compared with control. The dynamics growth pattern of leaf length was a double-peak curve. The difference in length and width of leaves between control and treatment was shown as a sine-linear curve. Spike weight, spike length and flay leaf size were obviously higher than those of control. Various mutants with recessive traits in SP2 were found. The strains with larger spike were stable in SP3. Significant variations in spike length, spike weight, protein content and fatty acid content were observed

86

Indigenous Australia: The Role of Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

A collaborative effort between Australia's Cultural Network and the Australian Museum, this site showcases some fine examples of Indigenous Australian stories. Collected from all over Australia, the stories (currently 20) are offered in text, audio, and video formats, with brief introductions and a glossary of indigenous words. Short descriptions of the role of storytelling, custodianship, "Dreaming," and secret/ sacred stories are also provided. Users should note that RealPlayer G2 is required to view the video presentations, and that, at time of review, video playback quality was rather poor. The text and audio formats, however, were quite acceptable, making this site worthwhile for anyone interested in Indigenous Australian culture or storytelling in general.

87

Visual Analytics and Storytelling through Video  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper supplements a video clip submitted to the Video Track of IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization 2005. The original video submission applies a two-way storytelling approach to demonstrate the visual analytics capabilities of a new visualization technique. The paper presents our video production philosophy, describes the plot of the video, explains the rationale behind the plot, and finally, shares our production experiences with our readers.

Wong, Pak C.; Perrine, Kenneth A.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Foote, Harlan P.; Thomas, Jim

2005-10-31

88

Bridging storytelling traditions with digital technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this project was to learn how Community Health Workers (CHWs in Alaska perceived digital storytelling as a component of the “Path to Understanding Cancer” curriculum and as a culturally respectful tool for sharing cancer-related health messages. Design. A pre-course written application, end-of-course written evaluation, and internet survey informed this project. Methods. Digital storytelling was included in seven 5-day cancer education courses (May 2009–2012 in which 67 CHWs each created a personal 2–3 minute cancer-related digital story. Participant-chosen digital story topics included tobacco cessation, the importance of recommended cancer screening exams, cancer survivorship, loss, grief and end-of-life comfort care, and self-care as patient care providers. All participants completed an end-of-course written evaluation. In July 2012, contact information was available for 48 participants, of whom 24 completed an internet survey. Results. All 67 participants successfully completed a digital story which they shared and discussed with course members. On the written post-course evaluation, all participants reported that combining digital storytelling with cancer education supported their learning and was a culturally respectful way to provide health messages. Additionally, 62 of 67 CHWs reported that the course increased their confidence to share cancer information with their communities. Up to 3 years post-course, all 24 CHW survey respondents reported they had shown their digital story. Of note, 23 of 24 CHWs also reported change in their own behaviour as a result of the experience. Conclusions. All CHWs, regardless of computer skills, successfully created a digital story as part of the cancer education course. CHWs reported that digital stories enhanced their learning and were a culturally respectful way to share cancer-related information. Digital storytelling gave the power of the media into the hands of CHWs to increase their cancer knowledge, facilitate patient and community cancer conversations, and promote cancer awareness and wellness.

Melany Cueva

2013-08-01

89

Digital Storytelling: The Arts and Preservice Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this presentation, the authors describe a journey of teachers in a graduate Fine Arts Methods course. The journey began with conversations about what art is and the nature of collections in exploring this question. Elements of visual literacy, storytelling and music were investigated. The final product was a Digital Story incorporating all of these elements into a teaching artifact that integrated the Arts into other content areas for K-8 students.

Vito M. Dipinto

2012-10-01

90

Applying a Multimedia Storytelling Website in Foreign Language Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling is a practical and powerful teaching tool, especially for language learning. Teachers in language classrooms, however, may hesitate to incorporate storytelling into language instruction because of an already overloaded curriculum. English foreign language (EFL) teachers in Taiwan report additional problems such as having little prior…

Tsou, Wenli; Wang, Weichung; Tzeng, Yenjun

2006-01-01

91

Digital Storytelling in Australia: Academic Perspectives and Reflections  

Science.gov (United States)

This project explored the experiences of a small sample (N = 6) of Australian academics with the use of digital storytelling as a pedagogical tool in higher education contexts. This article describes two case studies of academic uses of digital storytelling, along with interpretive analysis of six semi-structured interviews of academics working…

Clarke, Robert; Adam, Andrea

2012-01-01

92

Living in a Box, or a Genie in a Bottle? Archives as a Backbone for Corporate Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Corporate storytelling can be an instrument for evidence-based management. This requires that the prevailing stories are built upon verifiable facts. Archival records are perhaps the best source for identifying these. A sound culture for storytelling should be built upon good archives actively used to verify and develop narratives about the company. As an example this article presents a short analysis of multimodal texts from the Norwegian oil company Statoil based on common theories of texts and narratives. We found that archival records from Statoil’s first years of activity give evidence that the company has been living up to its value statements. The company’s current values; open, courageous, hands-on & caring, thus seem to be well founded in the corporate history. The value statements therefore may be regarded as suitable guiding concepts for robust corporate storytelling.

Ine Fintland

2013-08-01

93

Bruno Braunerde und die Bodentypen - The German-speaking friends of the Scottish soil characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Cartoon figures of soil profiles with faces, legs, arms and funny names: the Scottish soil characters Rusty (Cambisol), Heather (Podzol), Pete (Histosol) and five others were developed at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen for outreach activities. They represent eight soil types that are common in Scotland. Recently they have become movie stars in an animated film, where they speak with a Scottish accent. The Scottish soil characters are a true soil science communication success story and it would be great if they had friends in many places to tell some stories from the underground in the respective native languages. This contribution will introduce the draft for 13 German-speaking soil characters that represent the most common soil types in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Each name is a play on words with respect to German soil classification terms and serves as a mnemonic for typical characteristics of these soils. The 'hair' shows detailed vegetation and the context with common land use. For non-soil scientists the soil characters can be used as story-tellers, e.g. about their life (soil evolution), home (spatial distribution), job (function), fears (threats) and joys (best-practice land use, restoration). Because the International Year of Soil (2015) is an excellent opportunity for new outreach activities, the aim is to publish the German-speaking soil characters as a collaboration of the Austrian, German and Swiss Soil Science Societies. The soil characters could be used in print or online formats, and even - as can be seen in Aberdeen - as human-sized walking soil profiles.

Hofmann, Anett

2014-05-01

94

Transmedia Storytelling and the Creation of a Converging Space of Educational Practices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the media landscape evolves, educators are tapping into learning opportunities that meet the needs of 21st century learners. This paper provides an entry point to a relevant social problem related to education with Transmedia Storytelling, a story that crosses multiple forms of media, and each delivers a unique or specific contribution to the story experience. This study aims to contribute to the development and application of Transmedia Storytelling in educational settings. For this purpose a set of frameworks and educational models were selected based on research that points to the widespread use of transmedia learning experiences that are authentic, engaging, immersive, as well as support the development of new literacies. Ultimately, we attempt to demonstrate how the creation of a transmedia learning environment will allow the learner to develop and thrive in the digital age.

Patrícia Rodrigues

2014-12-01

95

Evaluation of dwarf mutant of cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) developed through gamma irradiation for nitrogen fixation characters  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A dwarf mutant developed through gamma-irradiation and mutation breeding of its parent cowpea variety, namely KBC-1 has been characterized for nitrogen-fixation characters such as root nodule acetylene reduction activity (ARA) and legthemoglobin content at different days after sowing (DAS). Significant variations in these characters were noticed among the varieties and for interactions between the varieties and DAS. The ARA was nearly one-and-a half fold higher in the mutant at both 30 (12.69 ?moles)C2H4 formed/h/g fr.wt. of nodules) and 50 DAS (6.74 ?moles) over its parent (9.20 and 4.46 ?moles at 30 and 50 DAS, respectively). Further, the ARA in the mutant decreased linearly with an increase in the DAS. The leghemoglobin (Lb) content was also higher in the mutant over the parent at all the DAS. However, it decreased linearly with an increase in the DAS in both the mutant and the parent. The highest leghemoglobin content was noticed at 30 DAS in both mutant (2.1 mg/g fr. wt. of nodules) and the parent (1.45 mg/g). Thus, the dwarf cowpea mutant was found to be associated with higher nitrogen-fixing ability which could be exploited in future breeding programmes. (author)

96

Character Varieties  

OpenAIRE

We study properties of irreducible and completely reducible representations of finitely generated groups Gamma into reductive algebraic groups G in in the context of the geometric invariant theory of the G-action on Hom(Gamma,G) by conjugation. In particular, we study properties of character varieties, X_G(Gamma)=Hom(Gamma,G)//G. We describe the tangent spaces to X_G(Gamma) in terms of first cohomology groups of Gamma with twisted coefficients, generalizing the well kno...

Sikora, Adam S.

2009-01-01

97

Meshing the Personal with the Professional: Digital Storytelling in Higher Education  

OpenAIRE

This paper chronicles a yearlong journey of learning about digital storytelling and leading the creation of five digital stories within a higher education community. We bring two complementary perspectives to guide this inquiry: as a faculty member in teacher education and as the University of Wisconsin system representative for the Learning Technology Development Council as well as director of our educational technology center. Our passion for the arts, aesthetics and education bring us to e...

Wright, Mary F.; Karen Ryan

2010-01-01

98

Aporia – Exploring Continuation Desire in a Game focused on Environmental Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper is a reflective description of the development and the evaluation of the experimental game ‘Aporia’. The project demonstrates an exploration of interactive environmental storytelling and an evaluation of engagement as measured by continuation desire in a non-violent first-person computer game. The test method involves the interruption of the player during gameplay at specific points and assessing their desire to continue. The objective of the interactive experience in the game is to convey a pre-written story through environmental storytelling by the use of pictorial cues in an immersive, atmospheric and aesthetic environment. The findings suggest that Aporia appears as a non-linear emergent narrative experience with a high level of engagement facilitating a desire to continue playing the game.

Bevensee, S.H.; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

99

Raising Kids with Character: Developing Trust and Personal Integrity in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This book shows parents, clinicians, and policy-makers how the love relationship between parents and children is the workshop of the child's maturing personality, connecting everyday moments in family life to the growth of the child's sense of values and meaning. The book explains how children develop into fine, morally strong adults through their…

Berger, Elizabeth

2006-01-01

100

The role of grain boundary character distribution in Goss texture development in electrical steels  

Science.gov (United States)

A new mechanism for developing of the Goss texture is proposed. Goss grain is surrounded by the highest number of high-energy boundaries. They have a high mobility and a high grain boundary diffusion coefficient which facilitate the coarsening of precipitates interacting with boundaries. It is demonstrated that enhanced mobility of boundaries surrounding Goss grains generate the Goss texture.

Hayakawa, Y.; Szpunar, J. A.; Palumbo, G.; Lin, P.

1996-07-01

101

Learning in 140 Characters: Teachers' Perceptions of Twitter for Professional Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Web 2.0 technologies provide school administrators the opportunity to offer teachers meaningful professional development. The purpose of the qualitative case study was to investigate ways in which U.S. K-12 public school teachers who participated in weekly Twitter Edchat discussions perceived the use of a social network site for professional…

Davis, Kerry J.

2012-01-01

102

Storytelling and knowledge management : what's the story so far?  

OpenAIRE

One of the realities of knowledge management is that individuals, teams and organisations are constantly searching for better ways to share their knowledge. Could the use of stories and storytelling help in this search? This article reviews the key ideas associated with the concept of stories and the use of storytelling as a tool for knowledge-sharing in a corporate environment. The authors explore the use of an existing three-part model for storytelling, as well as the benefits to be obtaine...

Tobin, Peter K. J.; Snyman, Retha

2004-01-01

103

Development of Plant Mutant Resources with an useful characters by Radiation Fusion Technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A mutation breeding is to use physical or chemical mutagens to induce mutagenesis, followed by individual selections with favorable traits. The mutation breeding has many advantages over other breeding methods, which include the usefulness for improving one or two inferior characteristics, applications to broad species with different reproductive systems or to diverse plant materials, native or plant introduction with narrow genetic background, time and cost-effectiveness, and valuable mutant resources for genomics researches. Recent applications of the radiation breeding techniques to developments of flowering plants or food crops with improved functional constituents heightened the public's interests in agriculture and in our genetic resources and seed industries. The goals of this project, therefore, include achieving advances in domestic seed industries and agricultural productivities by developing and using new radiation mutants with favored traits, protecting an intellectual property right of domestic seeds or germplasms, and sharing the valuable mutants and mutated gene information for the genomics and biotech researches that eventually leads to economic benefits

104

Development of Plant Mutant Resources with an useful characters by Radiation Fusion Technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A mutation breeding is to use physical or chemical mutagens to induce mutagenesis, followed by individual selections with favorable traits. The mutation breeding has many advantages over other breeding methods, which include the usefulness for improving one or two inferior characteristics, applications to broad species with different reproductive systems or to diverse plant materials, native or plant introduction with narrow genetic background, time and cost-effectiveness, and valuable mutant resources for genomics researches. Recent applications of the radiation breeding techniques to developments of flowering plants or food crops with improved functional constituents heightened the public's interests in agriculture and in our genetic resources and seed industries. The goals of this project, therefore, include achieving advances in domestic seed industries and agricultural productivities by developing and using new radiation mutants with favored traits, protecting an intellectual property right of domestic seeds or germplasms, and sharing the valuable mutants and mutated gene information for the genomics and biotech researches that eventually leads to economic benefits

Kang, Si Yong; Kim, Dong Sub; Lee, Geung Joo

2009-02-15

105

Developing Character and Values for Global Citizens: Analysis of Pre-Service Science Teachers' Moral Reasoning on Socioscientific Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

Character and values are the essential driving forces that serve as general guides or points of reference for individuals to support decision-making and to act responsibly about global socioscientific issues (SSIs). Based on this assumption, we investigated to what extent pre-service science teachers (PSTs) of South Korea possess character and…

Lee, Hyunju; Chang, Hyunsook; Choi, Kyunghee; Kim, Sung-Won; Zeidler, Dana L.

2012-01-01

106

Science as Storytelling for Teaching the Nature of Science  

Science.gov (United States)

"Science as Storytelling" is a program designed to help students in introductory science courses confront and replace misconceptions about the nature of science, and become more willing and able to address science-religion conflicts.

Barry R. Bickmore

107

Is Entrepreneurship for You? Effects of Storytelling on Entrepreneurial Intention  

OpenAIRE

Storytelling is an important means of communication for young people which allows them to be future leadersand also provides them a vision and new ideas. The purpose of this study is to determine how storytelling caninfluence the individual’s intention, based on Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior. This research has been basedon a sample of engineering students. A total of 251 completed questionnaires have been used for the dataanalysis. The research model has been tested with structural e...

Amel Hamrouni Dakoumi; Yosra Abdelwahed

2014-01-01

108

Digitales Storytelling Eine Einführung in neue Formen des Qualitätsjournalismus  

CERN Document Server

Das Buch gibt einen Einblick in die neuen Erzählweisen des digitalen Journalismus. Es untersucht die Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die Medienbranche und den mit ihr verbundenen Wandel journalistischer Darstellungsformen. Dabei geht es auch um die Möglichkeiten des journalistischen Storytellings auf mobilen Endgeräten wie Tablet-Computern. Es wird eine neuartige Typologie von Darstellungsformen entwickelt, die u¨ber die klassischen Text-, Audio- und Fernsehformate hinaus digitales Storytelling ermöglicht.

Sturm, Simon

2013-01-01

109

Towards professional participatory storytelling in journalism and advertising  

OpenAIRE

The Internet — specifically its graphic interface, the World Wide Web — has had a major impact on all levels of (information) societies throughout the world. For media professionals whose work has primarily been defined as creative storytelling — whether in advertising, journalism, public relations or related fields — this poses fascinating opportunities as well as vexing dilemmas. The central question seems to be to what extent storytelling can be content– or connectivity–based, ...

Deuze, Mark

2005-01-01

110

Storytelling : A Study of Marketing Communication in the Hospitality Industry  

OpenAIRE

There is an information surplus in the marketplace today and finding marketing resources that are both effective and affordable is difficult. As quantity and price has lost its competitive power and quality and symbolic meaning has become increasingly important, storytelling as a marketing mean can be one concept to apply, especially in the service sector. The hospitality industry is one of the largest service sectors, facing fierce competition. Many hotels have a story to share and storytell...

A?gren, Maria; O?lund, Martina

2007-01-01

111

Evaluating a Personal Learning Environment for Digital Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

The evaluation of flexible and personal learning environments is extremely challenging. It should not be limited to the assessment of products, but should address the quality of educative experience with close monitoring. The evaluation of a PLE using digital storytelling is even more complicated, due to the unpredictability of the usage scenarios. This paper presents an evaluation methodology for PLEs using digital storytelling, using a participatory design approach. The results from an open...

Nikolaos Marianos; Madalina Ungur; Nikos Manouselis

2011-01-01

112

Storytelling through animation: Oxford Sparks  

Science.gov (United States)

Oxford Sparks is a portal that launched in 2012, with the aim of bringing together resources that have been created across the University of Oxford and elsewhere for the purpose of wider engagement with science. To bring attention to this site, Oxford Sparks developed a set of high-quality short animations, each designed to tell a story relating to a current area of science. These animations have been launched on YouTube, and will shortly be available on iTunesU, and have covered broad areas of science from subduction zones (';Underwater Volcano Disaster'), through the early history of the solar system (';Rogue Planet') to the workings of the Large Hadron Collider (';A quick look around the LHC'). The animations have each been developed in close collaboration with researchers, created by a team with experience of education, engagement and outreach. The two minute scripts are intended to be both widely accessible and viewable as ';stand alone' stories. To this end, the scripts are humorous; while the animations are delightfully quirky, and created by professional animator with a degree-level science background. The animations are also intended to be used as ';lesson starters' in school, and educational activities graded for different age groups are being developed in parallel with the animations. They have been used, successfully, on pre-university summer schools, and in university classes. We are gathering both quantitative (analytics) and qualitative (school teacher and student focus group) feedback to monitor the success of the project, and to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the approach. In the first year since launch, Oxford Sparks animations were viewed over 80,000 times on YouTube, in part due to the surge of interest in the Large Hadron Collider animation after the discovery of the Higgs Boson.

Pyle, D. M.; Cook, A.

2013-12-01

113

Nature and Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes landscape, which is the artistic method in the art of writing, using the works by S.Muratbekov. The paper describes the profitable use of landscape to characterize characters’ state of mind, enrich the internal structure of the work, ideas quality, contexture structure and the development of the action.

Charidijr Valihanov

2013-01-01

114

Parent-child Shared Reading Meets Information Technology: Revealing Links Between Parenting and Children’s Character Development  

OpenAIRE

The influence of integrated information technology on various facets of modern day life is immense. Over the past decade, it has also influenced early childhood education-be it from an academic perspective or be it from the perspective of character education. The study aims to investigate how integrated information technology with parent-child shared reading would have a major impact on family education, especially from parenting and character education perspectives. The study first collects ...

Hung-Chung Lee; Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu

2013-01-01

115

Tent-Poles of the Blockbuster : How Transmedia Storytelling can Spin off a Mainstream Blockbuster  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In 2005 the first book in the ‘Twilight’ series by Stephanie Meyer was released. The series consists of four books, the last one ‘Breaking Dawn’ published in 2008. The series were developed into four movies, the last one released in late 2012. In 2011 E. L. James published her trilogy ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, a spin-of the Twilight series and originally written as a fanfiction story on fanfiction.net. Both stories became so-called blockbusters, the latter even more successful than the original story (fastest selling novel ever as of 2012). While Meyer’s story tells the love story of Bella, a human, and Edward, a vampire, James’ story is about Ana, a newly graduated college student, and Christian Grey, a millionaire. Meyer’s story evolves around the problematic relationship between a human and a vampire, while the fulcrum of James’ story is the developing BDSM relationship between the two main characters, creating the notion of housewife porn. In the article the authors take a look into how transmedia storytelling, in the form of fanfiction, inspired by a blockbuster, Twilight, becomes the basis of another blockbuster, Fifty Shades of Grey. The hypothesis of the article being transmedia in the form of social media and the tightly knit communities of fanfiction writers and commenters are able to become co-creators and thus stakeholders of a given story, telling and retelling it, and thus creating a larger audience and attention through the use of media like tumblr, twitter, facebook, and the like, and in the process expanding the possible tie-ins and spin-offs from the original story’s tentpole. The article will explain the intricacies of fanfiction and the special target group, women, as well as the impact of social media on changing customers into co-creators and stakeholders, leaving the original producer with a limited power as to what is distributed on the Internet, giving the co-creator the possibility to use bridges and tie-ins from the original source to develop their own blockbuster. Other perspectives on the above will be provided by delving into the terms of ‘suspension of disbelief’, ‘world-building’, and ‘subcreation’, as well as the ethical aspects of co-creating – both with respect to the original work as opposed to fanfiction, as well as the co-creational aspects in beta’ing and commenting on work in progress in a fanfiction community.

Vistisen, Peter; Jensen, Thessa

116

The Language of Revolution and the Power of Storytelling in The Pregnant Widow  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Martin Amis uses the language of revolution to describe the newly altered social circumstances at the height of the sexual revolution in his semi-autobiographical novel The Pregnant Widow. The concept of a ‘language of revolution’ as well as second- and third-wave feminist scholarship is applied to a textual analysis of the novel. Amis’s brand of satire creates a sense of displacement and challenges existing perceptions about gender, culture and sexuality, exposing them as constructed and changeable norms. Moreover, it becomes clear that the author is skeptical about the benefits of the sexual revolution for either gender, and that he views its liberating aspects as unfulfilled, particularly for women. Given that Amis names one of his characters Scheherazade, evoking the legendary heroine of The Arabian Nights, the importance of storytelling in the novel is also examined and found to be a potentially redeeming force.Keywords: Martin Amis, sexual revolution, feminism, satire, gender, revolution

Alaa Alghamdi

2014-01-01

117

Project Aporia : An Exploration of Narrative Understanding of Environmental Storytelling in an Open World Scenario  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The genre of interactive narratives in computer games has been researched extensively in the past. However, it still seems that there is a potential for investigating how a narrative can be conveyed solely through environmental storytelling. This paper reports an experimental study which examines the understanding of a pre-written story which is mediated without the use of characters, dialogue, or words and only through the environment in the prototypical game 'Aporia'. The evaluation of the story construction in Aporia analyses and quantifies written open-ended answers and compares them to the pre-defined elements of the story. The findings indicate that Aporia mediates a narrative potential, which generates emergent narratives among users rather than mediating an embedded and evoked narrative. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bevensee, S. H; Boisen, Kasper Alexander Dahlsgaard

2012-01-01

118

The big picture: storytelling ability in adults with autism spectrum conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous work on story-telling ability in autism spectrum conditions (ASC) has found a pattern of relatively intact use of story grammar in ASC narratives; however, prior analysis has concentrated primarily on whether specific story components are included, rather than how they are included. The present study analyzes an existing narrative dataset, concentrating on the kind of information that individuals with and without high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome include about story elements such as setting, character, conflict, and resolution. This analysis showed that individuals with ASC are biased toward providing local over global details about each element, regardless of whether the element involved mental content. These results are discussed in terms of the Weak Central Coherence and Hyper-Systemizing theories. PMID:22042307

Barnes, Jennifer L; Baron-Cohen, Simon

2012-08-01

119

The Relationship between Student Engagement and the Development of Character in Mission Driven Faith-Based Colleges and Universities as Measured by the National Survey of Student Engagement  

Science.gov (United States)

For many institutions devoted to their mission, especially those that state as their goal the promotion of character development, the need for measurement tools becomes a priority. These tools can by used not only to assess the stated outcomes, but also to guide institutional policies, practices, and improvements. The purpose of this study is to…

Turi, David M.

2012-01-01

120

THE ENIGMATIC ORDER; THE ORDER OF THE STAR OF SOUTH AFRICA ITS ORIGINS, DEVELOPMENT, CHARACTER AND PROBLEMS!  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Order of the Star of South Africa is the Republic's premier order. It superseded the Star of South Africa (instituted in 1952, which was formally classed as a decoration (and awarded in one class only. For students of the South African award structure it is pivotal, in two major respects. First, it has exhibited an undeniable restlessness and instability since its inception in 1975; having experienced two major phases of reorganization and restructuring, its final form, to date, appearing in 1988. In this respect, it is clearly symptomatic of the unstable and continually fluctuating character of the South African award structure, a theme that has been explored in several published sources, written by the author of the present article.2 Most importantly, the source of this instability is encapsulated in the Order: viz the departure from sound and firmly anchored precedents, established over several centuries. Second, the Order points to the manner in which a medal pantheon forms an index of political-social-cultural development in a nation's history. For the development of the Order of the Star of South Africa has coincided with a period in which the SADF has occupied an extremely high and aggressive profile in the collective consciousness of the South African public.3 Thus, the institution of the Order of the Star of South Africa in 1975 was the fountainhead, so to speak, of a veritable plethora of either new or reconstituted awards. The year 1975 also witnessed the institution of the: Honoris Crux Decoration - Gold (HCG, Silver (HCS and Decoration (HC; Southern Cross Medal; Pro Merito Medal; Southern Cross Decoration (SD, Pro Merito Decoration (PM D: South African Defence Force Good Service Medal (Gold, Silver, Bronze - for 30, 20 and 10 years meritorious service in the Permanent Force/Citizen Force/Commandos respectively; and SADF Champion Shot Medal.

S Monick

2012-02-01

121

Storytelling as an Active Learning Tool to Engage Students in a Genetics Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling is an ancient art that originated long before the written word. Storytelling interspersed with traditional lectures has been used as a teaching tool in an Introductory Genetics course. Students have eagerly responded to the storytelling pedagogy, suggesting that it can be leveraged to help students grasp complicated theories, engage students, and help improve student retention in STEM fields.

Karobi Moitra

2014-08-01

122

Remembering Who We Are : Memories of Identity through Storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article contributes to the on-going debate among scholars of organizational identity on collective and polyphonic identity formation processes. The article explores the interplay between individual and organizational storytelling by conceptualizing organizational identity construction processes as a web of storytelling practices, a memory system evoking a sense of coherence and nostalgia among organizational members. By drawing on the results of a narrative and ethnographic case study of a consultancy, the article aims to unfold the web of stories and storytelling practices in a single case organization. The analysis explores how members of this organization, through their everyday storytelling practices, created shared understandings of being members of a fantastic company while simultaneously telling critical counterstories. The analysis shows how organizational members learned to shape not only their stories of success but also their counterstories in ways that made them harmonize with the storytelling traditions of the organization. Furthermore, the concept of personal polyphony is suggested to describe how everyday work stories are antenarrative in the sense that the construction of self, work and the organization is never finished; it is an ongoing process of negotiating and handling many potential and sometimes contradictory storylines simultaneously.

Humle, Didde Maria

2014-01-01

123

Children's Books as a Source of Influence on Gender Role Development: Analysis of Female Characters Using Jung's Four Archetypes  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to answer this question: "Do children when choosing a book to read for pleasure receive a stereotypical impression of the female role as opposed to the male role as defined by the literature?" A qualitative study reviewed main female characters of the Children's Choice books of 2008 with Jung's archetypes (Great Good…

Mills, Shirley J.; Pankake, Anita; Schall, Janine

2010-01-01

124

Is Entrepreneurship for You? Effects of Storytelling on Entrepreneurial Intention  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling is an important means of communication for young people which allows them to be future leadersand also provides them a vision and new ideas. The purpose of this study is to determine how storytelling caninfluence the individual’s intention, based on Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior. This research has been basedon a sample of engineering students. A total of 251 completed questionnaires have been used for the dataanalysis. The research model has been tested with structural equation modeling techniques. The results havecome up with the idea that storytelling can act as a trigger and informational tool in the field of entrepreneurship,thus suggesting that story might be the departure point for new business creation. The authors concerned thinkthat the best way to make them aware of “the entrepreneurial intention” at the students’  level is mostly through astory.

Amel Hamrouni Dakoumi

2014-08-01

125

The Pedagogy of Digital Storytelling in the College Classroom  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the fall of 2008, Rachel Raimist and Walter Jacobs collaborativelydesigned and taught the course “Digital Storytelling in and withCommunities of Color” to 18 undergraduate students from a variety ofdisciplines. Candance Doerr-Stevens audited the class as a graduate student.This article examines the media making processes of the students in thecourse, asking how participants used digital storytelling to engage withthemselves and the media through content creation that both mimicked andcritiqued current media messages. In particular, students used the medium ofdigital storytelling to build and revise identities for purposes of rememory,reinvention, and cultural remixing. We provide a detailed online account ofthe digital stories and composing processes of the students through the samemultimedia genre that the students were asked to use, that of digitalstorytelling.

Rachel Raimist

2010-06-01

126

Helping older adults find meaning and purpose through storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to describe a storytelling project that was designed to help community-dwelling older adults find meaning and purpose in their lives through reminiscing about the past. The storytelling project was successful not only for the older adults who participated but also for the nursing students, who were given an opportunity to learn about interviewing and communicating with older adults. The value of life review and storytelling as a nursing intervention became evident from this project. When time is taken to listen to the valuable stories and life lessons of the older population, nurses create a better understanding of their patients while their patients recall special memories and feel proud of their lives. PMID:19928712

Scott, Katie; DeBrew, Jacqueline Kayler

2009-12-01

127

Character Recognition Using Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the present paper, we are use the neural network to recognize the character. In this paper it is developed 0ff-line strategies for the isolated handwritten English character (A TO Z and (0 to 9.This method improves the character recognition method. Preprocessing of the Character is used binarization, thresolding and segmentation method .The proposed method is based on the use of feed forward back propagation method to classify the characters.The ANN is trained using the Back Propagationalgorithm. In the proposed system, English nue-merical letter is represented by binary numbers that are used as input then they are fed to an ANN. Neural network followed by the Back Propagation Algorithm whichcompromises Training

Ankit Sharma#1 ,Dipti R Chaudhary

2013-04-01

128

Evaluating a Personal Learning Environment for Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evaluation of flexible and personal learning environments is extremely challenging. It should not be limited to the assessment of products, but should address the quality of educative experience with close monitoring. The evaluation of a PLE using digital storytelling is even more complicated, due to the unpredictability of the usage scenarios. This paper presents an evaluation methodology for PLEs using digital storytelling, using a participatory design approach. The results from an open validation trial indicate that this methodology is able to incorporate all necessary factors and that the selected evaluation tools are appropriate for addressing the quality of educative experience.

Nikolaos Marianos

2011-10-01

129

Solving the emergency care crisis in America: the power of the law and storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

An Emergency Department visit that ended tragically prompted my yearlong journey to Washington, DC, and emergency rooms across the country to search for solutions to the national crisis in emergency care. I reached the conclusion that the crisis is entirely solvable, and I developed a three-part solution that includes 1) nationally standardizing and coordinating care, 2) prioritizing resources and incentives in the delivery of emergency care, and 3) inspiring young clinicians to careers in emergency care. Physicians across America should now harness the power of storytelling to strengthen both the delivery of patient care and health care reform efforts on Capitol Hill. PMID:23012606

Maa, John

2012-01-01

130

From Tabletop RPG to Interactive Storytelling: Definition of a Story Manager for Videogames  

Science.gov (United States)

Adding narrative in computer game is complicated because it may restrict player interactivity. Our aim is to design a controller that dynamically built a plot, through the game execution, centred on player's actions. Tabletop Role-playing games manage to deal with this goal. This paper presents a study of role-playing games, their organization, and the models commonly used for narrative generation. It then deduces a proposition of components and data structures for interactive storytelling in videogames. A prototype of a social game has been developed as example.

Delmas, Guylain; Champagnat, Ronan; Augeraud, Michel

131

The value of storytelling in the science classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

The "traditional science classroom" asks students, "What do we know in science?," and ignores the question, "How do we know what we know?" The purpose of this research is to combine the powerful structure of narrative with the history of science in junior high school science classrooms. This study investigates whether history-of-science-based stories have advantages over traditional, lecture-style presentations. The storytelling approach aims to present science concepts in a meaningful and memorable context and in a coherent and connected manner. The research program employed parallel curricula: science concepts were taught through novel stories and through lectures, at different times, to eight different groups of seventh and eighth grade students at Holy Name Junior High School in Worcester, Massachusetts. Students were assessed with pre- and post-tests and through individual interviews: Before, immediately after, and two weeks after the lessons, students were given short-answer questionnaires. Two weeks after each lesson, individual interviews were also conducted with a sampling of the students. The questionnaires were coded according to a clear set of written standards and the interviews were transformed into concept maps. Student learning and retention levels, gender differences, and alternate conceptions were quantitatively analyzed. The results reveal that the students who were taught through stories learned the science concepts, on the average, 21% better and retained close to 48% more than the students who were taught through traditional lessons. Fewer alternate conceptions were expressed after story lessons than after lectures. Investigation of gender differences in learning science through the two methods revealed that boys profited more than girls did from the story lessons. The union of narrative with the history of science in the form of story lessons seems natural since the spatiotemporal structure of a narrative mirrors the unfolding of actions in the history of science. This combination proved to be an effective science teaching method with these junior high students. In general, the story lessons helped the students better understand and retain the science concept than the traditional lessons did. The reason for the girls' smaller story gains are not clear, but may include a lack of female characters in the stories used. The over-all results are quite convincing in the sample of students studied and suggest a more generalized applicability. This line of research is well worth pursuing further.

Isabelle, Aaron David

132

Primary homology assessment, characters and character states  

OpenAIRE

We discuss contrasting approaches to cladistic character definition and thus to cladistic data matrix compilation. The conventional approach considers character states as alternate forms of the "same thing" (the character). A review of the challenges to this convention is presented, and their implications evaluated. We argue that the recognition of structures which are alternate forms is a vital stage of primary homology assessment and is equivalent to the conceptualization of a transformatio...

Hawkins, Ja; Hughes, Ce; Scotland, Rw

1997-01-01

133

Reported Speech in Conversational Storytelling during Nursing Shift Handover Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

Shift handovers in nursing units involve formal transmission of information and informal conversation about non-routine events. Informal conversation often involves telling stories. Direct reported speech (DRS) was studied in handover storytelling in two nursing care units. The study goal is to contribute to a better understanding of conversation…

Bangerter, Adrian; Mayor, Eric; Pekarek Doehler, Simona

2011-01-01

134

Traditional Native Storytelling Using Computer-Based Multimedia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a 4-day outdoor summer workshop for 9 Native Canadians, ages 10 to 17, which focused on traditional Native storytelling. Notes that the students learned to use computer-based multimedia and published interactive multimedia versions of their Native stories. (SR)

Jacobsen, Michele; Bilan, Bohdan J.

1993-01-01

135

Using narratives and storytelling to communicate science with nonexpert audiences  

OpenAIRE

Although storytelling often has negative connotations within science, narrative formats of communication should not be disregarded when communicating science to nonexpert audiences. Narratives offer increased comprehension, interest, and engagement. Nonexperts get most of their science information from mass media content, which is itself already biased toward narrative formats. Narratives are also intrinsically persuasive, which offers science communicators tactics for persuading otherwise re...

Dahlstrom, Michael F.

2014-01-01

136

Serial Storytelling: A Therapeutic Approach with a Young Adolescent  

Science.gov (United States)

A seventh grade teacher consulted the school counselor regarding a boy with learning problems who wrote violent stories in the creative writing class. Based on an aspect of Jung's theory that psychological growth occurs when fantasies are expressed through a creative medium serial storytelling was used as therapeutic technique. (Author)

Allan, John A. B.

1978-01-01

137

Innovative Technique for Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR) is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. India...

Sumant Raj Chauhan; Punit Soni

2010-01-01

138

Connecting the Stars: Chinese Star Stories and the Art of Storytelling through a Cultural and Personal Lens  

Science.gov (United States)

This thesis explores the role of auto ethnography in researching and analyzing Chinese cosmology myths. Star stories are more than entertainment; they provide a visual means of recognizing and honoring cultural traditions from around the world. While Chinese myths told in America are disconnected from the original contexts from which they emerged, Chinese cosmologies are still connected through stars and constellations to the celestial part of their original setting. These star stories are largely unfamiliar to American audiences, including outdoor and experiential educators and cultural Chinese American groups, who will find it to be of interest. The material will also appeal to the various cultural entities and social mediated communities who engage in global interactions that influence one another in their intercultural exchanges. I use phenomenological data from this research to develop and enrich my personal storytelling style, reflecting on my heritage and examining my identity in the personal, cultural, and spiritual dimensions. I then perform the collected star lore tales at outdoor youth camps for under served youth and communities in California. In this way, I test oral storytelling as a means of engendering new learning about environmental sustainability. The results reveal meaningful ways that these stories and storytelling help participants cultivate awareness and caring for personal and cultural sustainable relationships with the environment and each other.

Aldern, Mary Hsi

139

SKIN DETECTION OF ANIMATION CHARACTERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increasing popularity of animes makes it vulnerable to unwanted usages like copyright violations and pornography. That’s why, we need to develop a method to detect and recognize animation characters. Skin detection is one of the most important steps in this way. Though there are some methods to detect human skin color, but those methods do not work properly for anime characters. Anime skin varies greatly from human skin in color, texture, tone and in different kinds of lighting. They also vary greatly among themselves. Moreover, many other things (for example leather, shirt, hair etc., which are not skin, can have color similar to skin. In this paper, we have proposed three methods that can identify an anime character’s skin more successfully as compared with Kovac, Swift, Saleh and Osman methods, which are primarily designed for human skin detection. Our methods are based on RGB values and their comparative relations.

Kazi Tanvir Ahmed Siddiqui

2015-02-01

140

The Process of Remembering with the Forgotten Australians: Digital Storytelling and Marginalized Groups  

OpenAIRE

Digital storytelling projects have proliferated in Australia since the early 2000s, and have been theorized as a means to disseminate the stories and voices of “ordinary” people. In this paper I examine through the case study of a 2009 digital storytelling project between the Australasian Centre for Interactive Design and a group identifying as Forgotten Australian whether digital storytelling in its predominant workshop-based format is able to meet the needs of profoundly marginalized an...

Hancox, Donna

2012-01-01

141

Digital storytelling in second language learning : A qualitative study on students’ reflections on potentials for learning  

OpenAIRE

This study focuses on the educational use of digital storytelling within second language learning from an emic perspective. Digital storytelling, which can be described as a combination of the old storytelling tradition and new technology, was originally used for other purposes than education and learning. This has however changed over the years. With the advent of new technology in schools, various forms of digital media production have become quite common as approaches to learning in severa...

Normann, Anita

2011-01-01

142

Towards Empathic Neurofeedback for Interactive Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

Interactive Narrative is a form of digital entertainment based on AI techniques which support narrative generation and user interaction. Despite recent progress in the field, there is still a lack of unified models integrating narrative generation, user response and interaction. This paper addresses this issue by revisiting existing Interactive Narrative paradigms, granting explicit status to users' disposition towards story characters. We introduce a novel Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) desi...

Cavazza, Marc; Aranyi, Gabor; Charles, Fred; Porteous, Julie; Gilroy, Stephen; Klovatch, Ilana; Jackont, Gilan; Soreq, Eyal; Keynan, Nimrod Jakob; Cohen, Avihay; Raz, Gal; Hendler, Talma

2014-01-01

143

A Few Funny Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes funny characters in children's books and films, including humorous children, adults, and animal characters. Considers younger children and middle grade and older children and suggests library media center activities for various age groups. (LRW)

Zingher, Gary

2002-01-01

144

Bringing Character into Focus  

Science.gov (United States)

School-wide character education is difficult and ongoing work, even without the added complication of having diverse programs and students. Despite these obstacles, King George School in Calgary, Alberta, Canada chose to engage in character education. Initially, the reasons were pragmatic. Character education seemed the only hope for any sort of…

Crawford, Donna; Clarke, Veronica Bohac

2006-01-01

145

A Missing Piece of the Contemporary Character Education Puzzle: The Individualisation of Moral Character  

Science.gov (United States)

The different sorts of virtuous people who display various virtues to a remarkable degree have brought the issue of individualisation of moral character to the forefront. It signals a more personal dimension of character development which is notoriously ignored in the current discourse on character education. The case is made that since in…

Chen, Yi-Lin

2013-01-01

146

Innovating a business model for services with storytelling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In recent years, the notion of business models has been able to innovate the way companies create new business opportunities. However, because business models most often constitute on a complex interplay of several actors, there is a need to be able to explore the nature of a business model. This paper will propose to describe a business model by means of storytelling. In addition the paper will introduce the concept of archetypes of business models with the aim to seek a pat- tern in the light of the numerous business models available. Two cases will illustrate and dis- cuss storytelling and archetypes, and lead to the conclusion that they represent a valuable ap- proach to understanding and innovating business models.

Lund, Morten

2013-01-01

147

Mixed reality interactive storytelling : acting with gestures and facial expressions/  

OpenAIRE

This thesis aims to answer the following question : "How could gestures and facial expressions be used to control the behavior of an interactive entertaining application?". An answer to this question is presented and illustrated in the context of mixed reality interactive storytelling. The first part focuses on the description of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) mechanisms that are used to model and control the behavior of the application. We present an efficient real-time hierarchical planni...

Martin, Olivier

2007-01-01

148

Strategy Formation In The Family Business : The Role Of Storytelling  

OpenAIRE

This paper takes an interest in the past, as depicted by family business owners, and how it is reflected in the governance of the firm. The purpose of this paper is to explore how family business owners express and perceive their family business story and the implications for the strategy formation of the firm. Through the storytelling from 20 cases, we conclude that they embrace their past through different degrees of adoption and their promotion or prevention focus. We construct four typolo...

Brundin, Ethel; Kjellander, Bjo?rn

2010-01-01

149

Storytelling in Jazz Improvisation: Implications of a Rich Intermedial Metaphor  

OpenAIRE

The phenomenon of intermedial conceptual loans is central to our understanding of the time-based arts. This thesis focuses on the usage of the term storytelling with regard to jazz improvisation. The aim of the investigation is to clarify how this concept is used by Swedish jazz practitioners. The framework of the study includes theories of narrativity and of metaphor as well as educational and sociological perspectives. The study aims at an exploration of a multivariety of perspectiv...

Bjerstedt, Sven

2014-01-01

150

Digital Storytelling as a Gateway to Computer Science  

OpenAIRE

Computer science departments continually look for ways to make computer science more relevant to a wider population of students, to attract more students to the major and combat declining enrollments. This article describes the initial offering of a digital storytelling course within a computer science department at a small liberal arts college. The course was offered as a freshman seminar during the fall of 2006 to a group of thirteen students of widely varying technical backgrounds. Student...

Amy Csizmar Dalal

2008-01-01

151

Enhancing Student Engagement with Their Studies: A Digital Storytelling Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Higher education institutions in South Africa are faced with low throughput rates, and the need to enhance students’ interest in their studies is a key objective for higher education institutions. Student engagement is one of the factors shown empirically to enhance student success at higher education institutions. The paper reports on the potential of digital storytelling in enhancing student engagement with their studies, amongst 29 final year pre-service student teachers at a large University of Technology in South Africa, as part of their assessment in their final year professional course. The reason for doing this research was due to the limited adoption of digital storytelling in conventional educational settings globally and the fact that little research has been done internationally and particularly in South Africa, into how digital storytelling can be a vehicle for expanding learning. The study was framed around the engagement construct involving qualitative methods of collecting data. Focus group interviews were conducted with the students and the facilitators of the project to elicit whether the production of digital stories led to student engagement. Focus group interviews were analyzed using inductive strategy. Results showed that the production of digital stories enhanced student engagement with their studies which led to high levels of reflection on the subject matter, which as a result led to a deep understanding of the subject matter. Findings of this study will contribute knowledge in the field which may be valuable in increasing student engagement with their studies.

Eunice Ivala

2013-09-01

152

Moral character in the workplace.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using two 3-month diary studies and a large cross-sectional survey, we identified distinguishing features of adults with low versus high levels of moral character. Adults with high levels of moral character tend to: consider the needs and interests of others and how their actions affect other people (e.g., they have high levels of Honesty-Humility, empathic concern, guilt proneness); regulate their behavior effectively, specifically with reference to behaviors that have positive short-term consequences but negative long-term consequences (e.g., they have high levels of Conscientiousness, self-control, consideration of future consequences); and value being moral (e.g., they have high levels of moral identity-internalization). Cognitive moral development, Emotionality, and social value orientation were found to be relatively undiagnostic of moral character. Studies 1 and 2 revealed that employees with low moral character committed harmful work behaviors more frequently and helpful work behaviors less frequently than did employees with high moral character, according to their own admissions and coworkers' observations. Study 3 revealed that adults with low moral character committed more delinquent behavior and had more lenient attitudes toward unethical negotiation tactics than did adults with high moral character. By showing that individual differences have consistent, meaningful effects on employees' behaviors, after controlling for demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, income) and basic attributes of the work setting (e.g., enforcement of an ethics code), our results contest situationist perspectives that deemphasize the importance of personality. Moral people can be identified by self-reports in surveys, and these self-reports predict consequential behaviors months after the initial assessment. PMID:25133716

Cohen, Taya R; Panter, A T; Turan, Nazli; Morse, Lily; Kim, Yeonjeong

2014-11-01

153

More than One Way to Tell a Story: Integrating Storytelling into Your Law Course  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling has been used in diverse educational settings. It is employed at all educational levels, from elementary schools to graduate schools. Approximately twenty years ago, law school professors began writing about the application of storytelling to various law school subjects as an alternative to the traditional case method. Legal scholars…

Steslow, Donna M.; Gardner, Carolyn

2011-01-01

154

Multicultural Young Adult Literature as a Form of Counter-Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Counter-storytelling is defined by critical race theory scholars as a method of telling the stories of those people whose experiences are not often told, including people of color, the poor, and members of the LGBTQ community. This article discusses multicultural young adult literature as a form of counter-storytelling, with an emphasis on how…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

155

Digital Storytelling in Writing: A Case Study of Student Teacher Attitudes toward Teaching with Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

This case study investigated how preservice teachers taught digital storytelling to students who often possessed more technology skills than the teachers. During the spring semester of 2011, two secondary-level language arts teaching interns and their cooperating teachers taught a digital storytelling project. The participants and their students…

Bumgarner, Barri L.

2012-01-01

156

Narrating Linguistic Conflict: A Storytelling Analysis of the Language Conflict in Belgium  

Science.gov (United States)

Few studies have addressed the question how the two main linguistic groups in Belgium (French and Flemish speakers) code each other. The research reported in this article is based on a storytelling forum of 56 persons that gathered five times. The storytelling sessions yielded 91 different stories about living in a bilingual society. These were…

De Keere, Kobe; Elchardus, Mark

2011-01-01

157

Understanding the Role of Storytelling in the Transformation of Female Cocaine Addicts in Narcotics Anonymous  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the role of storytelling in the transformation of female cocaine addicts in Narcotics Anonymous. For this research the primary investigator utilized a theoretical orientation of transformative learning theory and storytelling. The rationale for employing transformative learning theory is that…

Ventresca, Melissa Weida

2012-01-01

158

Life Planning by Digital Storytelling in a Primary School in Rural Tanzania  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling is one of the earliest forms of knowledge transfer, and parents often use it for teaching their children values and knowledge. Formal schooling, however, is less inclined to use storytelling as a vehicle for knowledge transfer, and even less as a vehicle for modern self-directed, student-centered, and constructionist pedagogy.…

Duveskog, Marcus; Tedre, Matti; Sedano, Carolina Islas; Sutinen, Erkki

2012-01-01

159

Bagheads, Christmas Trees, Family Tales, and Storytelling: One Foxfire Teacher's Venture into the World of Folklore.  

Science.gov (United States)

A teacher at a small, rural Georgia high school discusses how she integrated folklore with creative writing and American literature. Students discussed and wrote about family and community traditions, organized a storytelling session based on ghost tales, and conducted a workshop in folklore and storytelling for seventh-grade language arts…

Moon, Susan S.

1993-01-01

160

Digital Storytelling as a Pedagogical Tool within a Didactic Sequence in Foreign Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital storytelling constitutes a pedagogical tool for teachers to work on different linguistic skills while generating students' interest and attention. This study analyses the usefulness of including digital storytelling within a didactic sequence in order to work on linguistic routines such as greetings and leave-takings in English as a…

Torres, Agustin Reyes; Ponce, Eva Pich; Pastor, Ma Dolores Garcia

2012-01-01

161

Asymmetry in Reproductive Character Displacement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A commonly held view in studies of character displacement is that character states of both speciesare shifted in areas of sympatry. This view has been confirmed in an overwhelming number of cases for ecologicalcharacter displacement. Excluding species pairs in which one of the two interacting species is found onlywithin the distribution of the other species and species displaying gynogenesis, the pattern of reproductivecharacter displacement is asymmetrical in that the shift in character states between areas of symaptry andallopatry occurs in only one of the two interacting species. Hypotheses for the reasons behind this asymmetryin reproductive character displacement include (1 homogenization by gene flow, (2 other mechanisms of reproductiveisolation, and (3 sufficient reproductive isolation being provided by one of the interacting species exhibitinga pattern of reproductive character displacement. Because reproductive isolation can be achieved by divergenceat any point in a sequence of premating reproductive behaviors and postmating developments, it is necessaryto understand the mechanisms of reproductive isolation of two interacting taxa in areas of sympatry and allopatryand to analyze the relative contributions of potential factors to reproductive isolation to disentangle hypothesesfor the patterns of asymmetry.

Jang, Yikweon

2008-11-01

162

Character Education and the Curriculum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Educators bring up the importance of character education periodically in articles written and speeches given at teacher education conventions. They believe that pupils need to develop well in the moral as well as academic dimensions. There are major problems in society today such as drug abuse, gang membership, intoxication, teenage pregnancy,…

Ediger, Marlow

163

Optical Science: Deploying Technical Concepts and Engaging Participation through Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Technical 'hands-on' training workshops are designed to bring together scientists, technicians, and program managers from universities, government agencies, and the private sector to discuss methods used and advances made in instrumentation and data analysis. Through classroom lectures and discussions combined with a field-day component, hands-on workshop participants get a 'full life cycle' perspective from instrumentation concepts and deployment to data analysis. Using film to document this process is becoming increasingly more popular, allowing scientists to add a story-telling component to their research. With the availability of high-quality and low priced professional video equipment and editing software, scientists are becoming digital storytellers. The science video developed from the 'hands-on' workshop, Optical Water Quality Sensors for Nutrients: Concepts, Deployment, and Analysis, encapsulates the objectives of technical training workshops for participants. Through the use of still photography, video, interviews, and sound, the short video, An Introduction to CUAHSI's Hands-on Workshops, produced by a co-instructor of the workshop acts as a multi-purpose tool. The 10-minute piece provides an overview of workshop field day activities and works to bridge the gap between classroom learning, instrumentation application and data analysis. CUAHSI 'hands-on' technical workshops have been collaboratively executed with faculty from several universities and with the U.S. Geological Survey. The video developed was designed to attract new participants to these professional development workshops, to stimulate a connection with the environment, to act as a workshop legacy resource, and also serve as a guide for prospective hands-on workshop organizers. The effective use of film and short videos in marketing scientific programs, such as technical trainings, allows scientists to visually demonstrate the technologies currently being employed and to provide a more intriguing perspective on scientific research.

Thomas, R. G.; Berry, K.; Arrigo, J.; Hooper, R. P.

2013-12-01

164

A pediatric digital storytelling system for third year medical students: The Virtual Pediatric Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Computer-based patient simulations (CBPS are common, effective, instructional methods for medical students, but have limitations. The goal of this project was to describe the development of a CBPS designed to overcome some of these limitations and to perform an online evaluation. Methods In 1996, patients and families experiencing a common pediatric problem were interviewed, photographed and a chart review completed. A digital storytelling template was developed: 1. patient's story, evaluation and clinical course, 2. problem-based approach to the evaluation, and 3. discussion of disease process. The media was digitized and placed onto the Internet. The digital stories and a 10-question online survey were pilot tested. Online survey responses were collected from 1999–2003. Overall use of the digital stories was measured by computer server logs and by the number of hyperlinks to the CBPS. Results Eight stories were created using this system. Over 4.5 years, 814,148 digital story pages were read by 362,351 users. Hyperlink citations from other websites to the CBPS were 108. Online survey respondents (N = 393 described the overall quality as excellent or very good (88.4%. The stores were clearly written (92% at an appropriate level (91.4%. Respondents felt they could begin to evaluate a similar case presentation (95.4%, and would remember the case in the future (91%. Conclusions A new type of CBPS, the digital storytelling system, has been developed and evaluated which and appears to be successful in overcoming some of the limitations of earlier CBPS by featuring patient's stories in their own words, by focusing on problems rather than diseases, and by having stories that are quick for students to work through.

D'Alessandro Michael P

2004-07-01

165

Efficient Learning Strategy of Chinese Characters Based on Network Approach  

OpenAIRE

Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method...

Yan, Xiaoyong; Fan, Ying; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

166

Polymeric character of coal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have measured the internal friction spectrum of a number of coals through the range bituminous to anthracite. Damping peaks are seen which bear great similarity in position and height to those found for many polymers. This manifestation of polymer-like character adds to our understanding of the macromolecular character of the coal structure

167

'Shooting at the sun god Apollo': the Apollonian-Dionysian balance of the TimeSlips Storytelling Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

In The Birth of Tragedy, Friedrich Nietzsche celebrated the dueling forces of reason and emotion as personified by the ancient Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus. A subtle Apollonian-Dionysian balance can be observed in TimeSlips, a group-based creative storytelling activity developed in the 1990s and increasingly used in dementia care settings worldwide. This article explains how the Apollonion-Dionysian aspects of TimeSlips are beneficial not only for persons with dementia, but also for their carers. Narrative data from medical students at Penn State College of Medicine who participated in TimeSlips at a local retirement community are shared. PMID:23722245

George, Daniel R

2013-09-01

168

Tent-Poles of the Bestseller : How Cross-media Storytelling can spin off a Mainstream Bestseller  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article proposes a framework for understanding and analysing how the passive audience of a media event turns into active stakeholders. The starting point is the cross-media content quadrant (Jensen and Vistisen, 2012), which shows how the producer’s control is distributed on social media platforms, while storytelling evolves around a tent-pole, for example, a bestseller or blockbuster. To further explain how the audience engages, a three-step rhetoric model largely based on Bitzer (1998) and Tolkien (1971) is developed and explained.

Jensen, Thessa; Vistisen, Peter

2013-01-01

169

Innovative Technique for Character Recognition  

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Full Text Available Development of OCRs for Indian script is an active area of activity today. Optical character recognition (OCR is the mechanical or electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text (usually captured by a scanner into machine-editable text. In simple words OCR is a visual recognition process that turns printed or written text into an electronic character based file. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and machine vision. Indian scripts present great challenges to an OCR designer due to the large number of letters in the alphabet, the sophisticated ways in which they combine, and the complicated graphemes they result in. The problem is compounded by the unstructured manner in which popular fonts are designed. There is a lot of common structure in the different Indian scripts. All existing OCR systems developed for various Indian scripts do not provide sufficient efficiency due to various factors. The objective of this paper is to discuss a more efficient character recognition technique. This paper introduces a new technical approach to recognize Indian script characters which are unpredictable due to different problems in other OCR’s.

Sumant Raj Chauhan

2010-10-01

170

Storytelling para a Identificação de Estratégia como Prática  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é identificar conceitos e aplicações da abordagem storytelling em diferentes contextos de pesquisa. Em particular, a partir da investigação de recentes experiências com a utilização da storytelling, pretende-se identificar uma estrutura de análise de estratégia como prática. Esta estrutura baseia-se no uso do relato de histórias para identificar o gap entre a estratégia pretendida e a estratégia realizada. O uso de histórias como um veículo para transmitir mensagens e feedbacks gerais permite que a estratégia seja compreendida por todos, em diferentes perspectivas. Sob a ótica de um ambiente organizacional complexo, a estratégia pretendida irá diferir da estratégia realizada ou praticada. Tal hiato contém um paralelismo entre o tempo da história singular, que ocorreu para a realização da estratégia pretendida, e o tempo do processo estratégico em si. Nesse espaço temporal, ocorrem ações individuais, as quais formam a história oral vivenciada, coerentes ou não com a intenção de viabilizar objetivos estratégicos. Este artigo pretende contribuir com a análise da estratégia como prática através da valorização de relatos de histórias desenvolvidas em diferentes resoluções de problemas e contextos organizacionais. Apresenta-se uma proposta de análise a partir do uso de storytelling, valorizada como uma técnica de pesquisa organizacional capaz de identificar a evolução e o desempenho da estratégia como intenção, como implementação ou como prática. Sugere-se que esta dinâmica de análise possa potencializar a criação de uma capacidade estratégica de perseguir o futuro vislumbrado, através de uma disciplina sistemática da compreensão e reinterpretação da execução da atividade vivenciada. DOI:10.5585/riae.v12i1.1902

Cláudio Reis Gonçalo

2013-06-01

171

Tapestry: a different kind of conference on storytelling with data.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tapestry conference was started to give people interested in storytelling with data a place to discuss their work. Not limited to academics, the conference is geared toward journalists as well as people working for nonprofit organizations, the government, and others. Both at the 2013 and 2014 conferences themselves and afterward through the videos of the talks and via other channels, interesting recurring themes have included how data is represented in news graphics and the balance between being interesting and sticking to good visualization practice. PMID:25807504

Kosara, Robert

2015-01-01

172

Reimagining a Writer’s Process Through Digital Storytelling  

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Full Text Available Building on Hillocks' (1995 concepts of the declarative and procedural knowledge that writers need in order to craft effective writing, this article explores the writing process of one pre-service teacher as she moved from a personal narrative to an essay to a digital story. The authors argue that digital writers--in addition to needing declarative and procedural knowledge--must also understand knowledge of technology in order to more fully realize the potential of digital storytelling. Implications for teachers and teacher educators are discussed in relation to Mishra and Koehler's (2008 "technological pedagogical content knowledge," or TPACK.

Troy Hicks

2013-06-01

173

Absence as Presence, Presence as Absence: Museological Storytelling in Berlin  

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Full Text Available This article examines a long history of objects’ use in “telling stories,” and speculates on how museums and other art forms might encourage “narrations” while leaving story-telling to visitors or viewers. David Chipperfield’s 2009 “restoration” of Berlin’s Neues Museum made great efforts to preserve traces not only of the objects displayed inside, but to present an open-ended “narrative” of the building’s own history. Attempts at making historical sites “tell” stories have, meanwhile, also extended into other visual arts in Germany, of which the article examines several, discussing them in relation with the concept of “postmemory” and national narratives of identity.

Joshua Parker

2013-01-01

174

The Art of Storytelling in The New York Trilogy  

OpenAIRE

This essay explores the art of storytelling in the novel The New York Trilogy by Paul Auster. Emphasis is placed on the roles of fiction, language, truth and genre in writing. This essay focuses on the tasks of the author and the responsibility of creating a good or innovative novel. The first chapter of this paper explores the process of creating fiction and the impact this has on the work and the author. The second part deals with the reliability of language with regard to storytellin...

Mcnamara, Jennifer

2010-01-01

175

Juvenile phase of seedling development in six Eurasian 5-needle Pine species: pattern and character of interspecific differences  

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Full Text Available A species-specific trait system is formed as a result of two main factors: phylogenetic (origin, relationships and adaptive (environment within a modern natural habitat. Traits themselves also may be ranged by theirphylogenetic stability and adaptive value. Species are usually characterized by definitive traits. Meanwhile, ontogenetic traits may alsobe useful for understanding both species' phylogenesis and adaptation to climatic conditions. The purpose of the present study is toinvestigate the juvenile shoot structure in some Eurasian Pinus species from the section strobus. In the southern part of the WesternSiberian Plain forest zone, seedling growth and development were studied on six Eurasian species: stone pines (Pinus sibirica, P. cembra,P. pumila, P. koraiensis and white pines (P. parviflora, P. armandii. Shoot growth duration increases with an increase in vegetation season duration and the number of effective temperatures in the species' natural habitat: growth began slightly later, but it finished significantlylater. As far as shoot growth duration is concerned, the studied species were divided into 4 groups: (1 subarctic-subalpine P. pumila - 45-50 days, (2 boreal-mountain P. sibirica and P. cembra - 50-55 days, (3 nemoral from the monsoon forests P. koraiensis and P. parviflora - 60-65 days, (4 subtropical P. armandii - 75-80 days. The differences instructure and development of the juvenile shoots were not related to the climate in the natural habitat of species. On the basis of the juvenile morphogenesis duration and the presence of the mature organ type (5-needle short shoots on the juvenile shoot, three pairs ofspecies were distinguished: P. sibirica and P. cembra (1 year, do not have short shoots; P. koraiensis and P. armandii (1 year, shortshoots are present; P. parviflora and P. pumila (2 years, short shoots are present. It is shown that there is a close relationship between the species within each pair and a new argument is added in favor of the polyphyletic origin hypothesis for modern subsection Cembrae of the genus Pinus. The more important is one or another feature for species survival: the less it is connected with its phylogenesis, and the more it is related to modern climatic conditions. For species taxonomy, neutral features in the adaptive sense are relevant where they possiblydo not absolutely influence the real plants' life. A juvenile shoot is a shoot without bud scales. It has obviously remained in the Pinus ontogeny from the time when the ancestors of the modern species grew in a climate with weakly marked seasons. For P. parviflora from the region with a temperate maritime climate, a two-year cycle of juvenile shoot development, apparently, is quite organic. For P. pumila which may be related to it and grows on an enormous area including north-eastern Siberia, it is an undesirable property that would limit the adaptive ability of species. The P. pumila seedlings demonstrate an extraordinarily high level of juvenile shoot diversity. This suggests the relatively recent origin of the species and its current active evolution.

A. G. Popov

2013-12-01

176

Post-embryonic development of Camallanus cotti (Nematoda: Camallanidae), with emphasis on growth of some taxonomically important somatic characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the quantitative post-embryonic development of the Asian freshwater fish nematode Camallanus cotti Fujita, 1927, is described. Larval and adult morphometrics were obtained by following the parasite's life cycle experimentally using copepods Macrocyclops albidus (Jurine) as intermediate host and guppies Poecilia reticulata (Peters), southern platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther) and paradise fish Macropodus opercularis (L.) as definitive host. Additionally, adult worms were obtained from heavily infected paradise fish imported from Singapore. It is suggested that the gradual change in proportions of the worm's somatic body parts reflects the specific ecological role of each developmental stage. The free-living infective first-stage larva seems to be adapted for transmission, as indicated by its relatively long tail, designed to generate host-attracting movements, and its non-functional intestine. The second- and third-stage larvae from the copepod intermediate host seem mainly to invest in trophic functionality, i.e., the development of the buccal capsule and the oesophagus, which are crucial structures for the worm's successful establishment in the definitive fish host. Once in the fish intestine, the larvae enter a period of considerable growth. After the fourth (i.e., last) moult, a 72% increase in average female body length occurs. This is accompanied by doubling the average vulva-tail tip distance and the average tail length. The length of the female hind body expands in an accelerating allometric fashion, and seems to be closely linked to the posterior-wards expansion of the uterus. In the males however, growth seems to cease after the final moult. We conclude that female post-maturational body size, but especially the length of the hind body and the tail, are closely related to reproductive state, i.e., the developmental stage of the offspring in the uterus, and, probably, the worms' age. Any future taxonomical studies of camallanids in general, and C. cotti in particular, should thus be aware of the reproductive state of the females used. PMID:12418817

Levsen, Arne; Berland, Bjørn

2002-01-01

177

CHR -- Character Handling Routines  

Science.gov (United States)

This document describes the Character Handling Routine library, CHR, and its use. The CHR library augments the limited character handling facilities provided by the Fortran 77 standard. It offers a range of character handling facilities: from formatting Fortran data types into text strings and the reverse, to higher level functions such as wild card matching, string sorting, paragraph reformatting and justification. The library may be used simply for building text strings for interactive applications or as a basis for more complex text processing applications.

Charles, A. C.; Rees, P. C. T.; Chipperfield, A. J.; Jenness, T.

178

Fairy Grandmothers: Images of Storytelling Events in Nineteenth-Century Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Typical nineteenth?century German images of elderly female storytellers capture them in the act of relating Märchen to young children. When these images reached a mass public, they reinforced the idea of a timeless female oral tradition. As researchers of oral tales hardly ever recorded any actual female storytellers, the images belonged for the most part to a romantic myth of Germany?s past. Towards the end of the century, artists started to produce more realistic paintings of female storytellers. This coincided with the growing popularity of fairy?tale books which were indeed mostly read to children by women.

Willem de Blécourt

2010-12-01

179

Apseudopsis adami, a new species of tanaidacean (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the NW Iberian Peninsula: postmarsupial development and remarks on morphological characters  

Science.gov (United States)

A new species of apseudomorph tanaidacean, Apseudopsis adami sp. nov., is described, including intraspecific variation, from specimens collected in the seagrass meadows of O Grove inlet (NW Iberian Peninsula, NE Atlantic). The new species is characterized by the unique combination of the following characters: pointed rostrum with rounded shoulders, four ventral propodal spines on pereopod 1, and posterolateral pointed apophyses on pereonites 2-5, regardless of the developmental stage of the individual. Two juvenile stages were identified before reaching maturity; early juvenile limbs are scarcely ornamented in comparison to the adults. Advanced juveniles represent the vast majority of the studied population, and the limb ornamentation is similar to that of the adults. Males show two different cheliped morphologies. After a preparatory stage, females pass through a sequence of copulatory instars followed by intermediate stages in which the female loses the ovisac after manca release. The number of segments of the antennular and antennal flagella and uropod endopods, as well as the development and ornamentation of the mandibular palp, are meristic changes that occur during development and allow rapid identification of the developmental instar.

Esquete, P.; Bamber, R. N.; Moreira, J.; Troncoso, J. S.

2012-12-01

180

Songs and storytelling: bringing health messages to life in Uganda.  

Science.gov (United States)

In villages without doctors and hospitals in the remote eastern Ugandan district of Pallisa, traditional birth attendants and mothers are solving the most serious health problems through the teaching power of songs and stories. The village's rich oral tradition was enlisted as the principal means not only for transmitting these important health messages, but also for supporting their practice throughout the community. Utilizing existing community traditions such as songs and storytelling offers culturally appropriate ways of enhancing the communications component of the health care system to make it serve the poor majority in a readily comprehensible, credible, affordable, and accessible form. These non-formal active-learning methods are highly compatible with and promotive of the general principles of primary health care, especially for their empowering, participatory and sustainable qualities. It is only a natural extension for health educators to more fully employ the use of the time-honored oral traditions of songs and storytelling as a vehicle for communicating health messages. For students in the health professions, awareness of these proven principles for engaging people at the local levels will contribute to more effective training, strategic program design, and advocacy. PMID:14742044

Silver, D

2001-01-01

181

Memory between old and new media. Rethinking storytelling as a performative practice to process, assess and create awareness of change in the world of secondary orality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Storytelling is old, but in our digital age its means are new. When an event of huge cultural significance occurs (such as the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the “Occupy Wall Street” Protest, or the coming of Boat-People to Europe stories ricochet from TV to Internet, from cell phone to text message with a speed and proliferation unknown even a decade ago. We need new and effective ways to understand the making of cultural processes in a multi-media environment in order to learn and develop strategies to make sense of cultural shifts in a reduced and very limited span of time. My essay draws on research in both Memory Studies, Literary Studies and Media Ecology to open up the study of storytelling to old and new media psycho-dynamics so to start to develop a methodology of investigation that will facilitate a deeper understanding of the role of multimedia storytelling in the ways in which both individuals and groups cognitively and emotionally navigate profound cultural shift, as well as in the ways in which they create and preserve their memories through time and technological change.

Elena LAMBERTI

2012-01-01

182

Character Education and Students Social Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these two aspects is the author trying to ideas by referring to some other writings. The end result, the authors expect the birth of a design patent as early referral to spearhead a character development program learners.

Syamsu A. Kamaruddin

2012-09-01

183

Character Education and Students Social Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In an educational environment, in the form of character education program has been done both formally and informally. It's intended as one of the supporting ideas for follow-up in the form of design activities. Character education should basically refers to the vision and mission of the institution concerned. It shows the orientation of the two things in the character of the students are: aspects of human character and individual learners hallmark institution. In this paper, these two aspects is the author trying to ideas by referring to some other writings. The end result, the authors expect the birth of a design patent as early referral to spearhead a character development program learners.

Syamsu A. Kamaruddin

2012-09-01

184

Teachers' Perceptions of School Organizational Climate as Predictors of Dosage and Quality of Implementation of a Social-Emotional and Character Development Program.  

Science.gov (United States)

Organizational climate has been proposed as a factor that might influence a school's readiness to successfully implement school-wide prevention programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of teachers' perceptions of three dimensions of school organizational climate on the dosage and quality of teacher implementation of Positive Action, a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program. The dimensions measured were teachers' perceptions of (a) the school's openness to innovation, (b) the extent to which schools utilize participatory decision-making practices, and (c) the existence of supportive relationships among teachers (teacher-teacher affiliation). Data from 46 teachers in seven schools enrolled in the treatment arm of a longitudinal, cluster-randomized, controlled trial were analyzed. Teacher perceptions of a school's tendency to be innovative was associated with a greater number of lessons taught and self-reported quality of delivery, and teacher-teacher affiliation was associated with a higher use of supplementary activities. The findings suggest that perceptions of a school's organizational climate impact teachers' implementation of SECD programs and have implications for school administrators and technical assistance providers as they work to implement and sustain prevention programs in schools. PMID:25468408

Malloy, Margaret; Acock, Alan; DuBois, David L; Vuchinich, Samuel; Silverthorn, Naida; Ji, Peter; Flay, Brian R

2014-12-01

185

Character Recognition Using Genetically Trained Neural Networks  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Computationally intelligent recognition of characters and symbols addresses a wide range of applications including foreign language translation and chemical formula identification. The combination of intelligent learning and optimization algorithms with layered neural structures offers powerful techniques for character recognition. These techniques were originally developed by Sandia National Laboratories for pattern and spectral analysis; however, their ability to optimize vast amounts of data make them ideal for character recognition. An adaptation of the Neural Network Designer soflsvare allows the user to create a neural network (NN_) trained by a genetic algorithm (GA) that correctly identifies multiple distinct characters. The initial successfid recognition of standard capital letters can be expanded to include chemical and mathematical symbols and alphabets of foreign languages, especially Arabic and Chinese. The FIN model constructed for this project uses a three layer feed-forward architecture. To facilitate the input of characters and symbols, a graphic user interface (GUI) has been developed to convert the traditional representation of each character or symbol to a bitmap. The 8 x 8 bitmap representations used for these tests are mapped onto the input nodes of the feed-forward neural network (FFNN) in a one-to-one correspondence. The input nodes feed forward into a hidden layer, and the hidden layer feeds into five output nodes correlated to possible character outcomes. During the training period the GA optimizes the weights of the NN until it can successfully recognize distinct characters. Systematic deviations from the base design test the network's range of applicability. Increasing capacity, the number of letters to be recognized, requires a nonlinear increase in the number of hidden layer neurodes. Optimal character recognition performance necessitates a minimum threshold for the number of cases when genetically training the net. And, the amount of noise significantly degrades character recognition efficiency, some of which can be overcome by adding noise during training and optimizing the form of the network's activation fimction.

Diniz, C.; Stantz, K.M.; Trahan, M.W.; Wagner, J.S.

1998-10-01

186

Propositions for Innovative Forms of Digital Interactive Storytelling Based on Narrative Theories and Practices  

OpenAIRE

This paper takes a look at narrative forms as of yet unexplored in the field of digital interactive storytelling, and proposes methods for how they can be used in engaging ways for the user. Digital Interactive Storytelling, while nearly two decades old as a field of research, has yet to produce a tool capable of producing masses of narratively interesting and engaging pieces for the end user. Although the various prototypes available produce several different story genres, they stem from the...

Szilas, Nicolas; Axelrad, Monica; Richle, Urs Michael

2012-01-01

187

Scaffolding children's collaborative story-telling through constructive and interactive story-making  

OpenAIRE

The main aim of this research was to investigate how children's collaborative storytelling could be scaffolded through technologically mediated resources and how these resources can be made more effective by scaffolding around them. The benefits of providing children with resources, encouraging them to construct their own representations and to interact with each other while they make their story were investigated with respect to the quality of their subsequent storytelling. The first pie...

Gelmini-hornsby, Giulia

2012-01-01

188

Digital Storytelling in Study Abroad: Toward a Counter-Catalogic Experience  

OpenAIRE

This article examines a pilot project incorporating digital storytelling into a short-term study abroad program in the small city of Guanajuato, Mexico. After contextualizing the project’s pedagogical and theoretical concerns, the article examines the resulting stories, underscoring their potential for helping students pay attention to specific sites, to think beyond the usual images one is bombarded with and to spark critical thought. It argues that digital storytelling allows both student...

Karen Rodriguez

2010-01-01

189

Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Optical Character Recognition is a mobileapplication. It uses smart mobile phones of android platform. Thispaper combines the functionality of Optical CharacterRecognition and speech synthesizer. The objective is to developuser friendly application which performs image to speechconversion system using android phones. The OCR takes image asthe input, gets text from that image and then converts it intospeech. This system can be useful in various applications likebanking, legal industry, other industries, and home and officeautomation. It mainly designed for people who are unable to readany type of text documents. In this paper, the characterrecognition method is presented by using OCR technology andandroid phone with higher quality camera.

Ms. Nilam Divekar

2013-03-01

190

Applying Adult Learning Theory through a Character Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavior of a character, Celie, in a movie, 'The Color Purple," through the lens of two adult learning theorists to determine the relationships the character has with each theory. The development and portrayal of characters in movies can be explained and understood by the analysis of adult learning…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

191

How Can a Character's Personality be Conveyed Visually, through Shape  

OpenAIRE

The aim with this study was to further understand the art of character design, in order to get a better understanding of how visual attributes - especially shape - can be purposely used in order to communicate aspects of a character's personality. The first step was to investigate the subject of character design through relevant material and literature. From this investigation, a total of four character designs have been developed - two"good" and two "evil" - within two different game titles ...

Ekstro?m, Hanna

2013-01-01

192

Teaching Mills in Tokyo: Developing a Sociological Imagination through Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Here I emphasize the applicability of the sociological imagination to an international audience by sharing my journey of teaching sociology in Japan. I found my own sociological imagination helpful in critically evaluating the literature on Japanese higher education and the construction of the Japanese student as a form of Orientalism. As I…

Storrs, Debbie

2009-01-01

193

Use of Splines in Handwritten Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Handwritten Character Recognition is software used to identify the handwritten characters and receive and interpret intelligible andwritten input from sources such as manuscript documents. The recent past several years has seen the development of many systems which are able to simulate the human brain actions. Among the many, the neural networks and the artificial intelligence are the most two important paradigms used. In this paper we propose a new algorithm for recognition of handwritten texts based on the spline function and neural network is proposed. In this approach the converse order of thehandwritten character structure task is used to recognize the character. The spline function and the steepest descent methodsare applied on the optimal notes to interpolate and approximatecharacter shape. The sampled data of the handwritten text are used to obtain these optimal notes. Each character model is constructed by training the sequence of optimal notes using the neural network. Lastly the unknown input character is compared by all characters models to get the similitude scores.

Sunil Kumar

2010-10-01

194

English Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

This work focuses on development of a Offline Hand Written English Character Recognition algorithm based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The ANN implemented in this work has single output neuron which shows whether the tested character belongs to a particular cluster or not. The implementation is carried out completely in 'C' language. Ten sets of English alphabets (small-26, capital-26) were used to train the ANN and 5 sets of English alphabets were used to test the net...

Dash, Tirtharaj; Nayak, Tanistha

2013-01-01

195

Multi-Sensory Storytelling as an Aid to Assisting People with Profound Intellectual Disabilities to Cope with Sensitive Issues: A Multiple Research Methods Analysis of Engagement and Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of storytelling in social, cultural and educational contexts is well established and documented. The extension of storytelling to people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) has in recent years been undertaken with an emphasis on the value of sensory experience and the context storytelling provides for social…

Young, Hannah; Fenwick, Maggi; Lambe, Loretto; Hogg, James

2011-01-01

196

Cinematography and character depiction  

OpenAIRE

This essay investigates the ways in which cinematography can be used in depicting characters effectively in the motion picture medium. Since an aspiring filmmaker may be overwhelmed by the expansive field of cinematography, this essay aims to demystify and systematise this aspect of filmmaking. It combines information from written sources (mostly text books on filmmaking and cinematography) with observations made from viewing recent and older feature films. The knowledge is organised under th...

William Francis Nicholson

2011-01-01

197

AI Based Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract- In this paper we propose an approach for recognizing an English alphabet using their structural features. One of its major applications is Optical Character Recognition (OCR. Scanners produce bitmap images of the documents which are not edited by word processors. Rather than trying to match a bitmap to the stored letters, feature extraction attempts to recognize letters by condensing the scanned letters to their basic "Features" which are compared to a list of features stored in the program's code. To convert a .BMP file into equivalent text file we need to process the file. The whole paper consists of reading bitmap file and marking blocks, thinning the available bitmap block, extracting the feature points from the bitmap block along with their approximate position in the block, checking if there are circles or some enclosed regions in the bitmap and matching the feature points with ideal feature point set of each alphabet and if it matches with any one of them then recognizes the bitmap block as that character. The experimental results show improvement as it verifying most of the characters.

Nimish Kumar

2011-04-01

198

"Relaaax, I Remember the Recession in the Early 1980s...": Organizational Storytelling as a Crisis Management Tool  

Science.gov (United States)

In this conceptual paper, we consider organizational storytelling as a communications tool in which stories are used to reduce the stress and anxiety of organizational members during a crisis. While there is much consensus among organizational scholars detailing storytelling's active role in such processes as organizational learning and…

Kopp, David M.; Nikolovska, Irena; Desiderio, Katie P.; Guterman, Jeffrey T.

2011-01-01

199

?????????????? A Survey of the Research on License Plate Character Segmentation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????License plate recognition based on machine vision, one of the key technologies of intelligent transportation system, has been paid much attention to. Character segmentation plays an important role in license plate recognition and its aim is to divide the character string in license plate into single characters which are easier to be recognized. Gener- ally, character segmentation is composed of binarization and segmentation. After introducing research achievements of related methods for these two parts, we analyze the merits and drawbacks of each method and look into the develop- ment trends of character segmentation in this paper.

???

2013-02-01

200

How iconic are Chinese characters?  

OpenAIRE

The study explores the notion that some Chinese characters contain pictorial indications of meanings that can be used to help retrieve the referent. Thirty adults with no prior knowledge of Chinese guessed the meanings of twenty Chinese characters by choosing between one of two photographs. Half of the characters were considered to be iconic and the other half was considered to be arbitrary. The proportion of correct guesses for iconic characters was high, but the proportion for arbitrary cha...

Bialystok, Ellen; Luk, Gigi

1999-01-01

201

How Iconic Are Chinese Characters?  

Science.gov (United States)

The study explores the notion that some Chinese characters contain pictorial indications of meanings that can be used to help retrieve the referent. Thirty adults with no prior knowledge of Chinese guessed the meanings of twenty Chinese characters by choosing between one of two photographs. Half of the characters were considered to be iconic and…

Luk, Gigi; Bialystok, Ellen

2005-01-01

202

Character Education in China Today  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education has been a hot topic in the past decade in American public schools. Although many states and schools have initiated character education programs, politicians, educators, social workers, and the public are still arguing whether character education should be conducted in schools and how it should be conducted. China, as a country…

Zhao, Yali

2005-01-01

203

Research on Russian National Character  

OpenAIRE

The special geographical location Russia lies in creates the unique character of the Russian nation. Based on the dual nature of the Russian national character, the Russian geographical environment and the analysis of its social structure, this text tries to explore the reasons of the dual nature of Russian national character.

Na Zhuo

2008-01-01

204

Closed surfaces and character varieties  

CERN Document Server

The powerful character variety techniques of Culler and Shalen can be used to find essential surfaces in knot manifolds. We show that module structures on the coordinate ring of the character variety can be used to identify detected boundary slopes as well as when closed surfaces are detected. This approach also yields new number theoretic invariants for the character varieties of knot manifolds.

Chesebro, Eric

2012-01-01

205

Anomalies, characters and strings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One-loop modular invariant heterotic and type II closed string theories are proved to be anomaly free, apart from terms proportional to TrF2-TrR2. It is shown why this conclusion holds with remarkable generality for any conceivable fermionic string theory, regardless even of conformal invariance. A detailed discussion is given of the modular properties of character valued partition functions, upon which the proof is based. The fact that TrF2-TrR2 terms remain in the fermionic contribution to the anomaly is shown to be a consequence of Quillen's holomorphic anomaly. (orig.)

206

Quantum Cluster Characters  

CERN Document Server

Let $\\FF$ be a finite field and $(Q,\\bfd)$ an acyclic valued quiver. We prove the main conjecture of \\cite{rupel}: that the quantum cluster character gives a bijection from the indecomposable rigid valued representations of $Q$ to the set of non-initial quantum cluster variables for the quantum cluster algebra $\\cA_{|\\FF|}(Q,\\Lambda)$. As a corollary we find that for any rigid valued representation $M$ of $Q$ all Grassmannians of subrepresentations $Gr_\\bfe^M$ have counting polynomials, allowing for the specialization argument of Hubery.

Rupel, Dylan

2011-01-01

207

Quantum Cluster Characters  

OpenAIRE

Let $\\FF$ be a finite field and $(Q,\\bfd)$ an acyclic valued quiver with associated exchange matrix $\\tilde{B}$. We follow Hubery's approach \\cite{hub1} to prove our main conjecture of \\cite{rupel}: the quantum cluster character gives a bijection from the isoclasses of indecomposable rigid valued representations of $Q$ to the set of non-initial quantum cluster variables for the quantum cluster algebra $\\cA_{|\\FF|}(\\tilde{B},\\Lambda)$. As a corollary we find that, for any rig...

Rupel, Dylan

2011-01-01

208

Storytelling in Community Intervention Research: Lessons Learned From the Walk Your Heart to Health Intervention  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Contextually and culturally congruent interventions are urgently needed to reduce racial, ethnic, and socio economic inequities in physical activity and cardiovascular disease. Objectives To examine a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process that incorporated storytelling into a physical activity intervention, and consider implications for reducing health inequities. Methods We used a CBPR process to incorporate storytelling in an existing walking group intervention. Stories conveyed social support and problem-solving intervention themes designed to maintain increases in physical activity over time, and were adapted to the walking group context, group dynamics, challenges, and traditions. Lessons Learned After describing of the CBPR process used to adapt stories to walking group sites, we discuss challenges and lessons learned regarding the adaptation and implementation of stories to convey key intervention themes. Conclusions A CBPR approach to incorporating storytelling to convey intervention themes offers an innovative and flexible strategy to promote health toward the elimination of health inequities. PMID:25727980

LeBron, Alana M. W.; Schulz, Amy J.; Bernal, Cristina; Gamboa, Cindy; Wright, Conja; Sand, Sharon; Valerio, Melissa; Caver, Deanna

2015-01-01

209

Modeling the Semiotic Structure of Player-Characters  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

When game studies has tackled the player-character, it has tended to do so by means of an opposition to the notion of the avatar, with the result that the ontological and semiotic nature of the character in itself has not been given due attention. This paper draws on understandings of character from the fields of narratology and literary theory to highlight the double-layered ontology of character as both a possible individual and as a semiotic construction. Uri Margolin’s narratological model of character signification is used as the basis for developing a semiotic-structural model of the player-character that addresses its specific medialities and formal nature – a task which is performed through illustrative close examinations of the player-characters in The Last of Us (Naughty Dog 2013) and Gone Home (The Fullbright Company 2013).

Vella, Daniel

2014-01-01

210

Telling a Family Culture: Storytelling, Family Identity, and Cultural Membership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the role of public performance of private family identity through family storytelling. Using Narrative Performance Theory (Langellier & Peterson, 2006a, stories told as part of The Library of Congress’s StoryCorps project were analyzed for how families publicly told private family stories to identify themselves as a particular family as well as a culturally appropriate family in the modern United States. Five themes of cultural identity in family stories were identified. The study found that families largely focused on positive stories that portrayed the family as pro-social and happy. Negative stories focused on how the family overcame their adversities as a group. Laughter was used to minimize face-threatening stories. The construction of the group identity was framed in such a way as to connect the family group to a larger culture that values independence, self-reliance, and cohesion as a family group. The study concludes by arguing that more work should be done to understand how public and private communication in families shape our understanding of what it means to be a family.

Dena Huisman

2014-12-01

211

The Memory of a Tree; An Interactive Visual Storytelling Installation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the centuries, people have combined fields, leading to the creation of new domains. For example, artists have used technology to widen the range of their medium to express ideas in new ways. Similarly, technology has leveraged art to expand its range of application. Both art and technology continue to inspire innovation in each other. A contemporary example of this process is evident in interactive art era; this article covers this topic focusing on tangible interface pieces. There have been many compelling demonstrations that involve tangible interaction to increase audience interests through their embodied interaction. However, most existing approaches are limited to engaging a user’s immediate, temporary experience with setting some context of the environment with story elements. This article presents an interactive installation that engages the audience, building an immersive environment based on the synergy between embodied interaction and storytelling in a more active and meaningful way. It is based on the belief that tangible interfaces have the potential to convey narratives more meaningfully based on physical interaction and human senses and fundamentally, aims to supply another potential of tangible interfaces to spark further discussion in this area.

Hyunjoo Oh

2012-12-01

212

Cost Effective Evaluation of Companies' Storytelling on the Web  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract: In this paper we present a cost effective and simple procedure for evaluating company web sites. Our assumption is that such sites are places for companies' self-presentation and that customers are readers of these texts. Web site texts with narrative qualities, e.g. scenes, actors, acts, initiate the customers' imagination and narrative mind and hence their decision making. These ideas are investigated in a qualitative study of two companies' self-presentation as future work places for students. The results demonstrate that the students choose the company that has a web site with rich narrative qualities above the company that has a web site with good graphical appearance, but poor narrative qualities. In conclusion, we suggest that user centred evaluation of commercial web sites by using the suggested method can pay attention to deep, narrative structures in both the company's self-presentation and the customers' reading of the web site texts.Keywords: Competitive advantage, decision-making, dramas, imagination, narratives, storytelling, web-design.

Clemmensen, Torkil; VendelØ, Morten Thanning

2004-01-01

213

Single-character type identification  

Science.gov (United States)

Different character recognition problems have their own specific characteristics. The state-of-art OCR technologies take different recognition approaches, which are most effective, to recognize different types of characters. How to identify character type automatically, then use specific recognition engines, has not brought enough attention among researchers. Most of the limited researches are based on the whole document image, a block of text or a text line. This paper addresses the problem of character type identification independent of its content, including handwritten/printed Chinese character identification, and printed Chinese/English character identification, based on only one character. Exploiting some effective features, such as run-lengths histogram features and stroke density histogram features, we have got very promising result. The identification correct rate is higher than 98% in our experiments.

Zheng, Yefeng; Liu, Changsong; Ding, Xiaoqing

2001-12-01

214

La política relatada: el Storytelling de Barack Obama en el marco de la Operación Gerónimo / Politics Reported: Barack Obama's Storytelling Within the Frame of Operation Geronimo / A política relatada: o storytelling de Barack Obama no âmbito da Operação Gerônimo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A quantidade de informação na qual nos movemos atualmente exige que o político, bem como outros líderes que quiserem transmitir uma mensagem, compita com inumeráveis telas e dados. O storytelling surge nos últimos anos como técnica efetiva para que a mensagem proveniente do líder social conquiste o [...] bem mais valioso no mundo da comunicação total: o tempo do cidadão. Nestas linhas, introduz-se esta ferramenta discursiva, suas condições e elementos e, por meio de uma análise qualitativa, expõe-se sua presença na galeria de imagens que a Casa Branca publicou assim que matou a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in spanish El caudal de información en el que nos movemos actualmente exige que el político, como otros líderes que quieran transmitir un mensaje, deba competir con innumerables pantallas y datos. El storytelling surge en los últimos años como técnica efectiva para que el mensaje proveniente del líder social l [...] ogre conquistar el bien más preciado en el mundo de la comunicación actual: el tiempo del ciudadano. En estas líneas se introduce esta herramienta discursiva, sus condiciones y elementos y, por medio de un análisis cualitativo, se expone su presencia en la galería de imágenes que la Casa Blanca publicó luego de matar a Osama bin Laden. Abstract in english The gush of information reaching us today requires politicians and any other leaders intending to communicate to compete against a countless amount of screens and data. In the past few years, storytelling has swelled as an effective technique with which social leaders intending to communicate can co [...] nquer the most important asset in communication today: the citizens' time. These lines introduce the conditions and fundamentals of storytelling as a tool, revealing its presence through a qualitative analysis in a gallery of photographs published by the White House in the aftermath of Bin Laden's assassination.

Alberto Pedro, López-Hermida-Russo; Josefina, Vargas-Monardes.

2013-04-01

215

A Novel Technique to Read Small and Capital Handwritten Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A system has been developed for text writing systems using Support Vector Machines (SVM is called Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR. The main challenge in handwritten character recognition for Small and Capital letter is to build a system that is able to distinguish between variation in writing the same stroke (when the same stroke is written by different writers or the same writer at different times and minor variation in similar characters in the script. Other issues faced can be attributed to the large number of character and stroke classes. Some Indian scripts have character modifiers occurring in multiple non-overlapping horizontal units which are positioned on one or both sides of the main consonant. In such cases, we may also need to keep track of the sequence of horizontal units as they are written. The main problem in handwritten character recognition is recognition for Small and Capital letter is to build a system that is able to distinguish between variation in writing the same stroke and minor variation in similar characters in the script. Handwritten character recognition is not a new technology but it not gained public attention. The various features that are considered for classification are the character height, character width, the number of horizontal lines (long and short, image centroid and special dots. In this research paper extracted features were passed to a Support Vector Machine (SVM where the characters are classified by Supervised Learning Algorithm. These classes are mapped onto for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using fonts.

Ekta Tiwari

2012-06-01

216

Raymond Andrews as Griot: Privileging Southern Black Communities through Oral Storytelling and Cultural History  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Raymond Andrews’ novels celebrate rural Black life by focusing on the customs and traditions of Southern African American communities. Critical to this celebration are the rhetorical strategies Andrews uses that privilege oral over literary storytelling. Using Geneva Smitherman’s discussion of the griot and Henry Louis Gates, Jr.’s concept of the speakerly text in the context of John Miles Foley’s work on comparative oral traditions, this essay explores the possibility and implications of describing Andrews’ written work as a form of oral storytelling.

Brennan Collins

2012-01-01

217

On the arithmetic Chern character  

OpenAIRE

We consider a short sequence of hermitian vector bundles on some arithmetic variety. Assuming that this sequence is exact on the generic fiber we prove that the alternated sum of the arithmetic Chern characters of these bundles is the sum of two terms, namely the secondary Bott Chern character class of the sequence and its Chern character with supports on the finite fibers. Next, we compute these classes in the situation encountered by the second author when proving a "Kodai...

Gillet, H.; Soule, C.

2012-01-01

218

Performance of English Character Recognition with and without Noise  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character recognition has been one of the most interesting and challenging research areas in the recent years. Many researchers develop scripts based on the different approaches used for the design of character recognition system. This paper provides a survey and classification of various character recognition techniques and describes a technique for converting textual content from a paper document into machine readable form.

Priya Sharma#1 , Randhir Singh

2013-03-01

219

Maya Studio Projects Photorealistic Characters  

CERN Document Server

Create realistic characters with Maya tools and this project-based book Maya character generation tools are extremely sophisticated, and there's no better way to learn all their capabilities than by working through the projects in this hands-on book. This official guide focuses on understanding and implementing Maya's powerful tools for creating realistic characters for film, games, and TV. Use a variety of tools to create characters from skeleton to clothing, including hairstyles and facial hair, and learn how to use Performance Capture. A DVD includes supplementary videos, project support fi

Palamar, Todd

2011-01-01

220

Communicating Culture in the 21st Century: The Power of Media-Enhanced Immersive Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the potential of digital media technologies and new storytelling techniques in giving objects an emotional dimension and thus encouraging affective learning. The use of new immersive and participatory techniques is a means of contextualizing real objects, and perhaps a more effective way to reach diverse audiences and create…

Stogner, Maggie Burnette

2011-01-01

221

Community Storytelling Network, Neighborhood Context, and Civic Engagement: A Multilevel Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

From a communication infrastructure theory perspective, the current study examined individuals' civic engagement (neighborhood belonging, collective efficacy, and civic participation) as influenced by 2 multilevel components of the communication infrastructure--an integrated connectedness to a storytelling network (ICSN) and the residential…

Kim, Yong-Chan; Ball-Rokeach, Sandra J.

2006-01-01

222

Making the Familiar Strange: Creative Cultural Storytelling within the Communication Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

In this activity, students employ mock campfire storytelling to "make the familiar strange" in the same spirit as Horace Miner's (1956) classic tale of the "Nacirema." Students work individually, in pairs, or as small groups (around three) to create a whimsical story that deconstructs a mundane, everyday ritual (event, activity, practice) into a…

Blinne, Kristen C.

2012-01-01

223

Digital Storytelling as a genre of mediatized self-representations: an introduction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article provides a critical review of some of the most relevant studies ondigital storytelling and proposes a genre typology that allows an initialclassification of digital storytelling into two main types: educational and social.Digital storytelling is a multimodal emergent genre characterised by its versatilityand flexibility which has resulted in a series of subgenres. However, the mainpremise here is that differentiating between social and educational– although onedoes not exclude the other– and bearing in mind that most digital stories may lieat the intersection of both, is the most useful way to start labeling the massiveproduction of digital stories available nowadays on the Internet. The articlesincluded in this number are mostly educational (Ramírez-Verdugo & SotomayorGrande, and Reyes, Pich & García, Londoño-Monroy but they all include sometraces of the social type. Thus, Bou-Franch is an example of how studentsinterpret certain events that had social impact and that are part of history whileWestman’s article involves the creation of communities of practice among thosewho share the same interests. Finally, Herreros-Navarro, although educational inessence, describes a social act in which students intentionally choose a way topresent their own identity to society using digital storytelling

Barry Pennoch-Speck

2012-12-01

224

A Mobile Mixed-Reality Environment for Children's Storytelling Using a Handheld Projector and a Robot  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a system called GENTORO that uses a robot and a handheld projector for supporting children's storytelling activities. GENTORO differs from many existing systems in that children can make a robot play their own story in a physical space augmented by mixed-reality technologies. Pilot studies have been conducted to clarify the…

Sugimoto, Masanori

2011-01-01

225

Virtual Intervention to Improve Storytelling Ability among Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) children reveal considerable difficulty in producing an organised and complete narrative. The current study conducted a three-month intervention to improve D/HH children's storytelling ability through training in arranging episodes of temporal scripts, and telling the stories they created. We examined 65 D/HH…

Eden, Sigal

2014-01-01

226

The Galli Galli Sim Sim Story Pond: Inspiring Children as Storytellers in India  

Science.gov (United States)

Children have long enjoyed a special status in the family and the community in India, where traditional teaching techniques include song, dance, play, and storytelling. In India, play-oriented, child-centered approaches to teaching and learning, which are common in the United States, Canada, Europe, and elsewhere, are the exception to the norm…

Batada, Ameena; Joshi, Ira; Sharma, Garima; Mehta, Swati

2010-01-01

227

Shared-Reading versus Oral Storytelling: Associations with Preschoolers' Prosocial Skills and Problem Behaviours  

Science.gov (United States)

Dyadic shared-reading and oral storytelling practices and their association to American preschoolers' (N = 33) prosocial and problem behaviour was examined. The frequency (how often dyads read) and history (the child's age at first reading) were examined within shared-reading; emotion state talk and evaluative judgments were examined in both…

Curenton, Stephanie M.; Craig, Michelle Jones

2011-01-01

228

The Historical Ideal-Type as a Heuristic Device for Academic Storytelling by Sport Scholars  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this research endeavor is to take the previous calls of sport scholars to expand into alternative research approaches (e.g., history, case study, law reviews, philosophy, etc.) and to show how storytelling can be an effective tool through the use of a heuristic device. The present analysis attempts to focus on the usage of the…

Tutka, Patrick; Seifried, Chad

2015-01-01

229

The Simultaneity of Experience: Cultural Identity, Magical Realism and the Artefactual in Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores how students, as multimodal storytellers, can weave powerful narratives blending modes, genres, artefacts and literary conventions to represent the real and imagined in their lives. Part of a larger ethnographic case study of student writing in a middle years class for immigrant students learning English as an additional…

Honeyford, Michelle A.

2013-01-01

230

Basic Language Skills and Young Children's Understanding of Causal Connections during Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined the role of basic language skills for individual differences in preschoolers' understanding of causal connections. Assessments of basic language skills, expressive vocabulary, phonological processing, and receptive language comprehension were examined in relation to the production of causal connections in a storytelling…

Brown, Danielle D.; Lile, Jacquelyn; Burns, Barbara M.

2011-01-01

231

A Modified Back propagation Algorithm for Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Character Recognition (CR has been an active area of research and due to its diverse applicable environment; it continues to be a challenging research topic. There is a clear need for optical character recognition in order to provide a fast and accurate method to search both existing images as well as large archives of existing paper documents. However, existing optical character recognition programs suffer from a flawed tradeoff between speed and accuracy, making it less attractive for large quantities of documents. In this thesis, we present a new neural network based method for optical character recognition as well as handwritten character recognition. Experimental results show that our proposed method achieves highest percent accuracy in optical character recognition. We present an overview of existing handwritten character recognition techniques. All these algorithms are described more or less on their own. Handwritten character recognition is a very popular and computationally expensive task. We also explain the fundamentals of handwritten character recognition. We describe today’s approaches for handwritten character recognition. From the broad variety of efficient techniques that have been developed we will compare the most important ones. We will systematize the techniques and analyze their performance based on both their run time performance and theoretical considerations. Their strengths and weaknesses are also investigated. It turns out that the behavior of the algorithms is much more similar as to be expected.

Jitendra Shrivastav

2013-06-01

232

Efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters based on network approach  

CERN Document Server

Based on network analysis of hierarchical structural relations among Chinese characters, we develop an efficient learning strategy of Chinese characters. We regard a more efficient learning method if one learns the same number of useful Chinese characters in less effort or time. We construct a node-weighted network of Chinese characters, where character usage frequencies are used as node weights. Using this hierarchical node-weighted network, we propose a new learning method, the distributed node weight (DNW) strategy, which is based on a new measure of nodes' importance that takes into account both the weight of the nodes and the hierarchical structure of the network. Chinese character learning strategies, particularly their learning order, are analyzed as dynamical processes over the network. We compare the efficiency of three theoretical learning methods and two commonly used methods from mainstream Chinese textbooks, one for Chinese elementary school students and the other for students learning Chinese as...

Yan, Xiao-Yong; Di, Zengru; Havlin, Shlomo; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

233

Narrating and Reading Folktales and Picture Books: Storytelling Techniques and Approaches with Preschool Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines the approaches to storytelling used by Greek parents with their preschool children. The first part of the article discusses the types of stories chosen and the reading approaches employed by the parents. The second part examines the extratextual interactions between parents and children related to content during storytelling. One hundred twelve stories were chosen by parents and told to their preschool children in one-to-one settings in their homes. These sessions were recorded by students and later analyzed. The families chose the stories, and no recommendation was made to parents about the type of story or approach they would use to tell the story. The stories were classified as narration, which involved telling stories to children without using books, or story reading, which involved reading books. Results indicate that the way in which a story was told and the characteristics of the extratextual interactions between parents and children depended on a parent’s educational status. Almost all parents with a higher educational background employed story reading, whereas parents with a lower educational background mostly preferred narration. The quantity and quality of verbal exchanges between adults and children during storytelling were also affected by the approach used and the educational status of the parents. Reading stories motivated more verbal exchanges than narrating stories. Extratextual interactions during storytelling were more common among parents with a higher educational background than among parents with a lower educational background; however, of the total number of extratextual interactions, only a small percentage were categorized as high-level abstraction (bridging, elaboration, and predicting. Most extratextual interactions were described as low-level abstraction (children's feedback, asking for label, intervention for drawing attention, and clarifying, regardless of the approach employed by the parents or their educational status. Results suggest that for the Greek families involved in this research, storytelling is a child-centered activity that meets the entertainment needs of the child.

Triantafillia Natsiopoulou

2006-01-01

234

Algebraic description of character varieties  

CERN Document Server

We find finite, reasonably small, generator sets of the coordinate rings of G-character varieties of finitely generated groups for all classical groups G. This result together with the method of Grobner basis gives an algorithm for describing character varieties by explicit polynomial equations.

Sikora, Adam S

2011-01-01

235

Street smarts and urban myths: women, sex work, and the role of storytelling in risk reduction and rationalization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Storytelling has a strong tradition in inner-city American communities. In this article, we examine patterns of storytelling among a sample of drug-using women from New York City who engage in street-based sex work. We consider two particular formats of storytelling for analysis: "street smarts" and "urban myths." Street smarts are stories of survival, and urban myths are compilations of street legends spread by word of mouth. The narratives are filled with tales of extreme risk across situations. The women used the stories to delineate the boundaries of risk as well as to rationalize risks they deemed to be inevitable but temporary in their lives. Few of the women capitalized on the greater instructive quality of the stories toward increased risk reduction, which may relate to the women's distance from an identity of "sex worker." If properly harnessed, the strength of storytelling suggests new avenues for risk-reduction interventions. PMID:15974325

Roche, Brenda; Neaigus, Alan; Miller, Maureen

2005-06-01

236

Trickster tropes: female storytelling and the re-imagination of social orders in four nineteenth-century southern African communities / Truukster-trope: vroulike storievertelling en die her-verbeelding van sosiale ordes in vier negentiende-eeuse suider-Afrikaanse gemeenskappe  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Women in nineteenth century southern Africa used storytelling, especially tales in which tricksters were the central characters, in order to make sense of -and often to critique -rapidly changing social and political orders. The stories they told constitute an underutilised historical source. This a [...] rticle draws from four anthologies compiled by men engaged in missionary endeavours in the region to explore these points. I argue that these tales complicate our understanding of ethnic and gendered identity construction during the period and promise to cast new light on contemporary understandings of social reproduction, especially during times of societal upheaval.

Jimmy, Pieterse.

2010-05-01

237

Character theory of finite groups  

CERN Document Server

""The book is a pleasure to read. There is no question but that it will become, and deserves to be, a widely used textbook and reference."" - Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.Character theory provides a powerful tool for proving theorems about finite groups. In addition to dealing with techniques for applying characters to ""pure"" group theory, a large part of this book is devoted to the properties of the characters themselves and how these properties reflect and are reflected in the structure of the group.Chapter I consists of ring theoretic preliminaries. Chapters 2 to 6 and 8

Isaacs, I Martin

2013-01-01

238

Total characters and Chebyshev polynomials  

OpenAIRE

The total character τ of a finite group G is defined as the sum of all the irreducible characters of G. K. W. Johnson asks when it is possible to express τ as a polynomial with integer coefficients in a single irreducible character. In this paper, we give a complete answer to Johnson's question for all finite dihedral groups. In particular, we show that, when such a polynomial exists, it is unique and it is the sum of certain Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind in any fait...

Homer Wolfe; Eirini Poimenidou

2003-01-01

239

On the arithmetic Chern character  

CERN Document Server

We consider a short sequence of hermitian vector bundles on some arithmetic variety. Assuming that this sequence is exact on the generic fiber we prove that the alternated sum of the arithmetic Chern characters of these bundles is the sum of two terms, namely the secondary Bott Chern character class of the sequence and its Chern character with supports on the finite fibers. Next, we compute these classes in the situation encountered by the second author when proving a "Kodaira vanishing theorem" for arithmetic surfaces.

Gillet, H

2012-01-01

240

The Character of the Ring  

OpenAIRE

The Lord of the Rings is in essence a story about good against evil, and how good people can resist and be influenced by evil. The story is littered with evil characters and dangerous situations manufactured by those evil characters. The protagonists need to interact and deal with those characters and situations. A big part of the protagonists? hardships involve the One Ring. The Ring is a large part of the story and is an evil force that threatens to destroy all that is good...

Halldo?rsson, Egill M.

2011-01-01

241

Temperament and Character in Psychosomatic Disorders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Personality takes an important role in etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The studies conducted with Temperament and Character Inventory which investigates the personality according to psychobiological model is considered to have a major role in understanding the relationship between personality and psychosomatic disorders. In order to emphasize the previous studies on this subject, we have done database search in Pubmed and Turk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Directory for the time period between 1991 and 2009 to determine and evaluate the articles conducted among somatization, dermatologic illness, headache, physical medicine, angina, irritable bowel syndrome and asthma patients using Temperament and Character Inventory. The most significant consistent result of these studies was elevated harm avoid-ance scores. Harm avoidance scores still remain high even after controlling for the effect of depression and anxiety. Thus this temperament dimension is possibly an important state and trait feature for development of psychosomatic illnesses. These findings also confirmed that serotonergic systems get involved in the process of psychosomatic organization. In many studies, the mean scores of self direction sub-dimension of Temperament and Character Inventory which has been considered as the fundamental dimension to achieve mature personality, was found to be lower in psychosomatic patient groups than normal healthy control. This result hence supports the notion that process of illness affects the personality among these patients. Detailed evaluation of temparement and character profiles of psychosomatic patients would contribute much into understanding the etiology of these disorders.

Medine Yazici Gulec

2009-09-01

242

Spherical characters: the supercuspidal case  

CERN Document Server

We exhibit a basis for the space of spherical characters of a distinguished supercuspidal representation $\\pi$ of a connected reductive $p$-adic group, subject to the assumption that $\\pi$ is obtained via induction from a representation of an open compact mod centre subgroup. We derive an integral formula for each spherical character belonging to the basis. This formula involves integration of a particular kind of matrix coefficient of $\\pi$. We also obtain a similar formula for the function realizing the spherical character. In addition, we determine, subject to some conditions, which of these spherical characters vanish identically on an open neighbourhood of the identity. We verify that the requisite conditions are always satisfied for distinguished tame supercuspidal representations of groups that split over tamely ramified extensions.

Murnaghan, Fiona

2007-01-01

243

Spherical characters: the supercuspidal case  

OpenAIRE

We exhibit a basis for the space of spherical characters of a distinguished supercuspidal representation $\\pi$ of a connected reductive $p$-adic group, subject to the assumption that $\\pi$ is obtained via induction from a representation of an open compact mod centre subgroup. We derive an integral formula for each spherical character belonging to the basis. This formula involves integration of a particular kind of matrix coefficient of $\\pi$. We also obtain a similar formula...

Murnaghan, Fiona

2007-01-01

244

Studying Characters in "Romeo and Juliet."  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an activity in which high school students who are reading "Romeo and Juliet" compile information on major characters and create a collection of cards similar to sports cards, to help them understand each character and that character's motives. (SR)

Guinhawa, Wilhelmina

1994-01-01

245

Video Installation, Memory and Storytelling: the viewer as narrator  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Abstract: Much has been written about memory and its link with the visual where memory is likened to our recollection of vignettes or visual traces. Conway (1999 tells us that the brain takes in experience as word and image.  Gibson (2002 suggests that “imagistic cognition” is a process whereby we run image sequences through our heads while trying to make sense of experience. He links this psychological phenomenon with notions of film editing theory and practice. He goes on to suggest that the power of the cinema is linked to this primal experience of remembering that elicits the intense pleasures of childhood and access to a means of navigating the self. This paper will explore the role video installation can play in creating an open, enticing, non-threatening and immersive environment, where viewers can transcend the everyday, reflect on their own memories and recall their personal stories. I will argue that there is a symbiotic link between what I will call the viewer as flâneur and the producer of the work such that a new form of storytelling can be created through this relationship.

Résumé: Il existe une littérature abondante sur les liens entre la mémoire et l'image, notamment en ce qui concerne le traitement de traces visuelles par les fonctions mémorielles. Conway (1999 insiste quant à lui sur le fait que le cerveau assimile l'expérience à la fois sous forme de mots et d'images. Gibosn (2002 quant à lui souligne que la "cognition visuelle" est un processus qui nous fait défiler des séquences d'images dans notre esprit au moment où nous tentons de donner une signification à ce que nous vivions. Il rattache ce phénomène psychologique à certains aspects théoriques et pratiques du montage cinématographique, jusqu'à suggérer que le pouvoir du cinéma est lié à nos expériences mémorielles les plus profondes, en rapport avec les plaisirs les plus forts de l'enfance et avec la possibilité d'explorer sa propre identité. Cet article analyse le rôle que les installations vidéo peuvent jouer dans la création d'un contexte ouvert, attrayant, non-menaçant et immersif où les spectateurs peuvent dépasser le quotidien, réfléchir sur leurs propres souvenirs et se rappeler leurs propres histoires personnelles. Selon moi, il existe un lien symbiotique entre le spectateur comme flâneur et le producteur de l'œuvre, qui rend possible une nouvelle façon de raconter une histoire à travers de nouveaux types de rapports.

Diane Charleson

2011-05-01

246

Creating Legitimacy across International Contexts: The Role of Storytelling for International New Ventures  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper considers the legitimacy-creating efforts of Better Place, an international new venture (INV) providing infrastructure services linking electrical vehicles and power grid networks. We analyze the debate on Better Place’s attempts to communicate its business idea to constituents in Denmark, Israel, Canada, and Australia using expert interviews as well as content analysis of newspaper articles and other secondary sources. Storytelling, which is found to be central to the legitimacy-creating efforts of international business ventures, interacts with existing discourses in the diverse contexts in which it occurs. Furthermore, our study demonstrates how constituents pick up specific elements as they become attuned to conversations concerning transportation energy use and sustainability. We believe that this study contributes conceptually, methodologically, empirically, and theoretically to the growing literature on INVs and on institutions in international business. For practice, our aim is to improve managers’ awareness and understanding of the importance of storytelling in the market contexts they seek to enter.

Andersen, Poul Houman; Rask, Morten

2014-01-01

247

Exploring ecology in Alaska: Reflective storytelling as a model for environmental education  

Science.gov (United States)

This professional project is formatted as a book that was written as a part of a qualitativeparticipatory action research study exploring best practices for diverse communities in Alaska to access reflective storytelling method as environmental education. Non-invasive assessment was utilized with participants in the form of talking circles, where program leaders and educators met in small groups with youth to practice sharing and reflecting on their experiential education activity. Youth voice and educator opinions were gathered in structured and unstructured interviews. Along with interviews, standard practice methods for a qualitative research project were utilized, including: participant observation, non-participant observation, field notes, reflexive journals, and analysis of documents and materials. The current book project was designed as a tool to assist with the implementation of the Alaska Natural Resource and Environmental Literacy Plan. Through place-based curriculum and experiential learning techniques, it shares examples of a unique method of teaching outdoor environmental education through storytelling.

Shoemaker, Kay Warren

248

Digital Storytelling as a Pedagogical Tool within a Didactic Sequence in Foreign Language Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital storytelling constitutes a pedagogical tool for teachers to work on differentlinguistic skills while generating students’ interest and attention. This studyanalyses the usefulness of including digital storytelling within a didactic sequencein order to work on linguistic routines such as greetings and leave-takings inEnglish as a foreign language. To this aim, we have worked with first yearstudents in the Faculty of Education at the Universitat de València to improve theirability to adapt their language skills to specific situations within common dailyinteraction. We have designed a didactic sequence consisting of differentworkshops that have been put into practice in class. The sequence ends with afinal project in which students are expected to produce their own digital stories,showing thus what they have learnt. This final production has highlighted a clearimprovement in the use of linguistic routines, as well as in the use of morecomplex structures and of varied expressions used to open and close aconversation.

Agustín Reyes

2012-12-01

249

The character strengths of class clowns  

OpenAIRE

Class clowns traditionally were studied as a type concept and identified via sociometric procedures. In the present study a variable-centered approach was favored and class clown behaviors were studied in the context of character strengths, orientations to happiness and satisfaction with life. A sample of 672 Swiss children and adolescents filled in an 18 item self-report instrument depicting class clown behaviors. A hierarchical model of class clown behaviors was developed distinguishing a g...

Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey; Hofmann, Jennifer

2014-01-01

250

TV JOURNALISM IN THE DIGITAL AGE: ASPECTS OF TRANSMEDIA STORYTELLING ON PAPER TELEVISION  

OpenAIRE

This paper proposes a reflection on audiovisual journalism from the perspective of transmedia storytelling (NT), a term coined by Henry Jenkins (2009a) in his research on the culture of convergence. How has media convergence affected the language and aesthetics of audiovisual journalism? And what of the routine and profile of its professionals? Or the relationship with the audience? What are the new paradigms and what has changed in their production processes as regards the use of new media? ...

Elaide Martins

2013-01-01

251

Storytelling as Methodology: Colombia’s Social Studies Textbooks after La Constitución de 1991  

OpenAIRE

This article posits the concept-metaphor of “storytelling as methodology” for reading a Colombian social studies textbook after the country ratified a new constitution in 1991. It examines temporal interplay and the interplay between visual and written texts in the textbook in order to analyze US imperialism, race/difference, and the discourse of progress. At the same time, the article draws on the theoretical perspectives of Gayatri Spivak in its attempt to perform transnational academic...

Daza, Stephanie L.

2013-01-01

252

Attitudes of the Students Studying at Kafkas University Private Primary EFL Classroom towards Storytelling and Motivation  

OpenAIRE

In order to determine their motivation for learning English as a foreign language;their preferred learning activities; and, in particular, their attitudes towards learningEnglish through the medium of storytelling, a questionnaire was administered to 21students from the 4th year of Kafkas University private primary school in Kars, Turkey.The results show that both story telling and grammar were perceived as very enjoyableby a majority of the participants, 71.43% and 52.38% respectively. Audio...

Gencer Elk?l?ç; Catherine Akça

2008-01-01

253

Storytelling as a teaching strategy in the English language classroom in Iceland  

OpenAIRE

This thesis takes sources from existing literature, personal experiences and a classroom-based study aimed at discovering how storytelling can be adapted in the ninth and tenth grade to help achieve the goals of the National Curriculum (2007) of Iceland in regards to English language teaching, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), and specifically, to improve students’ skills in writing and speaking. My findings are based on action research design targeted at exploring the benefits of ...

Patience Adjahoe Karlsson

2012-01-01

254

Exploring new communication strategies for a global brand :transmedia storytelling and gamification  

OpenAIRE

Marketing is changing and companies or brands try to find new ways to engage consumers and involve them in their advertising efforts. There are two new communication strategies that might be able to lead the way into a new area of advertising and marketing: transmedia storytelling and gamification. The research questions were how to use such strategies in the communication or branding environment and how to use them when a global brand wants to communicate across cultures while adapting the a...

Brieger, Christian

2013-01-01

255

Using the story-telling technique in the qualitative research of national identity  

OpenAIRE

This paper contains the main results of a qualitative research onRomanians national identity. The research proposes a new approach to the national identity based on two methodological elements: the patriotic songs as a stimulus for reflection on national identity and the presentation of data in the form of story-telling. The theoretical background integrates the social identity theory and the theory of social representations. The main conclusionof the research is that Romanians have nowadays ...

S?andru, C.

2011-01-01

256

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

OpenAIRE

The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we i...

Mette Terp Høybe; Christoffer Johansen; Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen

2009-01-01

257

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belief that individuals make meaning through a range of semiotic devices, including, among others, language, sound, graphics and text, it aims to examine discourse strategies of factuality and subjectivity in historical-cultural digital narratives and their multimodal realisations (Kress & Van Leeuwen 2001; Patrona 2005. To carry out this study a corpus of 16 digital stories was compiled and analysed from a multidisciplinary framework which draws from studies on digital storytelling, computer-mediated communication, media studies, and multimodal discourse analysis. Results show that students/digital story tellers resort to a number of varied multimodal discursive strategies which are constitutive of their identity as capable students in an educational setting.

Patricia Bou-Franch

2012-12-01

258

Slaying Literature: Metaphor and Characters in Buffy the Vampire Slayer  

OpenAIRE

Joss Whedon is a storyteller who created Buffy the Vampires Slayer, a television series about a young girl who is chosen to fight the supernatural evil. She makes friends who help her when she needs it, and enemies who are frequently demonic and generally evil. Whedon uses many metaphors in the series, most notably one where the demonic adversaries are metaphors for personal struggles. As a storyteller, Whedon created a world – similar to what the audience recognizes – in which his fa...

Óskar Örn Eggertsson 1986

2010-01-01

259

Perception of Complex Emotional Body Language of a Virtual Character  

OpenAIRE

Virtual characters are a common phenomenon in serious game applications, and can enrich training environments for a range of different purposes. These characters can be used in games that have been developed to help people with learning difficulties. They can also be used to help users develop social skills, such as communication. For social interactions, much communicative information is contained in the body language between the parties involved. We know that humans are se...

Ennis, C.; Egges, J.

2012-01-01

260

Font generation of personal handwritten Chinese characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Today, digital multimedia messages have drawn more and more attention due to the great achievement of computer and network techniques. Nevertheless, text is still the most popular media for people to communicate with others. Many fonts have been developed so that product designers can choose unique fonts to demonstrate their idea gracefully. It is commonly believed that handwritings can reflect one's personality, emotion, feeling, education level, and so on. This is especially true in Chinese calligraphy. However, it is not easy for ordinary users to customize a font of their personal handwritings. In this study, we performed a process reengineering in font generation. We present a new method to create font in a batch mode. Rather than to create glyphs of characters one by one according to their codepoints, people create glyphs incrementally in an on-demand manner. A Java Implementation is developed to read a document image of user handwritten Chinese characters, and make a vector font of these handwritten Chinese characters. Preliminary experiment result shows that the proposed method can help ordinary users create their personal handwritten fonts easily and quickly.

Lin, Jeng-Wei; Wang, Chih-Yin; Ting, Chao-Lung; Chang, Ray-I.

2014-01-01

261

Linear characters and block algebra  

CERN Document Server

This paper will prove that: 1. $G$ has a block only having linear ordinary characters if and only if $G$ is a $p$-nilpotent group with an abelian Sylow $p$-subgroup; 2. $G$ has a block only having linear Brauer characters if and only if $O_{p'}(G)\\leq O_{p'p}(G)=HO_{p'}(G)= \\textrm{Ker}(B_{0}^{*}) \\leq O_{p'pp'}=G$, where $H=G^{'}O^{p'}(G), \\textrm{Ker}(B_{0}^{*})=\\bigcap_{\\lambda \\in \\textrm{IBr}(B_{0})} \\textrm{Ker}(V_{\\lambda}), B_{0}$ is the principal block of $G$ and $V_{\\lambda}$ is the $F[G]$-module affording the Brauer character $\\lambda$; 3. if $G$ satisfies the conditions above, then for any block algebra $B$ of $G$, we have

Zeng, Jiwen

2011-01-01

262

Unexpected Self-Expression and the Limits of Narrative Inquiry: Exploring Unconscious Dynamics in a Community-Based Digital Storytelling Workshop  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the tension between self-knowledge and self-expression, and how it manifests in the processes of storytelling that unfold in digital storytelling workshops offered to new immigrant women living in Toronto, Canada. Both in their multi-modal complexity and in the significant shifts from their original telling, the digital stories…

Brushwood Rose, Chloe; Granger, Colette A.

2013-01-01

263

Storytelling Slide Shows to Improve Diabetes and High Blood Pressure Knowledge and Self-Efficacy: Three-Year Results among Community Dwelling Older African Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

This study combined the African American tradition of oral storytelling with the Hispanic medium of "Fotonovelas." A staggered pretest posttest control group design was used to evaluate four Storytelling Slide Shows on health that featured community members. A total of 212 participants were recruited for the intervention and 217 for the…

Bertera, Elizabeth M.

2014-01-01

264

Introducing Character Animation with Blender  

CERN Document Server

Introducing Character Animation with Blender, 2nd Edition is written in a friendly but professional tone, with clear descriptions and numerous illustrative screenshots. Throughout the book, tutorials focus on how to accomplish actual animation goals, while illustrating the necessary technical methods along the way. These are reinforced by clear descriptions of how each specific aspect of Blender works and fits together with the rest of the package. By following all the tutorials, the reader will gain all the skills necessary to build and animate a well-modeled, fully-rigged character of their

Mullen, Tony

2011-01-01

265

Mobile Urban Drama - Interactive Storytelling in Real World Environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents methods and tools for producing location-based Mobile Urban Dramas. In a Mobile Urban Drama, the user becomes the main character in a play that is presented as a multimedia production (through audio, images, animations and videos) on the user's mobile phone and in the physical surroundings. The media files are linked via tags (2D barcodes/RFID) or GPS to the real world set as the stage of the drama. The dramaturgical concept is described, and a narrative architecture is introduced. It supports a rich variety of plot graphs implemented in a software framework that supports producing Mobile Urban Dramas. Dramas produced with the framework may span from pure art pieces to structured learning experiences, for example, biology learning framed in a thriller. Experiences from six dramas produced with the framework by a Danish theatre group are discussed. The results are general findings on the concept, the narrative structure, scenographic effects and tools for technical production

Hansen, Frank Allan; Kortbek, Karen Johanne

2012-01-01

266

The Player as Author: Exploring the Effects of Mobile Gaming and the Location-Aware Interface on Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The mobile internet expands the immersive potential of storytelling by introducing electronic games powered by portable, location-aware interfaces. Mobile gaming has become the latest iteration in a decades-long evolution of electronic games that seek to empower the player not just as an avatar in a gameworld but also as a co-author of that gameworld, alongside the game’s original designers. Location-aware interfaces allow players to implicate places in the physical world as part of their gameworld (and vice versa for the first time. In addition to empowering the player as a co-author in the process of constructing a compelling gameworld, then, mobile games eschew linear narrative structures in favor of a cooperative storytelling process that is reliant in part on the player’s experience of place. While such an author-player “worldmaking” approach to storytelling is not new, mobile games evolve the process beyond what has yet been possible within the technical and physical constraints of the traditional video gaming format. Location-aware interfaces allow mobile games to extend the worldmaking process beyond the screen and into the physical world, co-opting the player’s sensory experiences of real-world places as potential storytelling tools. In our essay, we theorize the unique storytelling potential of mobile games while describing our experience attempting to harness that potential through the design and implementation of our hybrid-reality game University of Death.

Tim Hetland

2012-02-01

267

Korean and Japanese as Chinese-Characters Cultural Spheres  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Korea and Japan belong to Chinese-characters cultural spheres. In the time of Han Dynasty and thereafter, tributary states connected with the monarchy of Chinese Kingdom and its surrounding countries. They imported Chinese state regulations, accepted and developed many thoughts and cultures by bringing in Chinese characters of Chinese classics. However, there have been some different points in the treatment of Chinese characters in each nation. The Korean modern writing system does not use Chinese characters in general, while on the contrary in Japanese, there is a tendency to increase the number of regularly-used Chinese characters, for example in the official list of j?y? kanji ???? announced by the Ministry of Education, with the latest increase in 2010. Therefore, it is necessary to observe more about some aspects of the languages to know why this different treatment occurred. The oldest Korean document is the History of the Three Kingdoms, Samguk Sagi ?????? that contains geographical proper names. The Buyeo-Kingdom languages were recorded there, including place names. It is no doubt that the use of Chinese characters of Silla have significantly affected Goguryeo and Paekche. The Silla and Buyeo-Kingdom languages have closed syllables with a consonant at the end of each syllable, while in Japanese, the syllables end with vowels as open syllables. There are further phonological characteristics as well. This article discusses how each language encountered Chinese characters, and how they related to their specific languages, and also how Chinese characters particularly reflected syllable structures of different languages. It can be said that the use of Chinese characters in proper names estranged the futures of Korean and Japanese in history. Focus is laid on the history of Korean and Japanese through Chinese characters, with their falsely similar language dispositions.

Takuya OKIMORI

2014-12-01

268

The Role of Phonological Activation in the Visual Semantic Retrieval of Chinese Characters  

Science.gov (United States)

The Stroop paradigm was used to examine the role of phonological activation in semantic access and its development in reading Chinese characters. Subjects (age 7-23 years) of different reading ability were asked to name the display color of Chinese characters. The characters were displayed in four different colors: red, yellow, blue and green.…

Guo, Taomei; Peng, Danling; Liu, Ying

2005-01-01

269

Re-Emphasizing Character Education in Early Childhood Programs: Korean Children's Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Character education efforts are influenced by the cultures in which they are implemented. This article describes the character education provided to children in Korea, both in school and at home. The author explores how the Korean early childhood education system strives to ensure positive character development among children. These discussions…

Lee, Guang-Lea

2013-01-01

270

Shakespeare Live! and Character Counts.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses a live production of Shakespeare's "Macbeth" (in full costume but with no sets) for all public middle school and high school students in Harrisonburg and Rockingham, Virginia. The paper states that the "Character Counts" issues that are covered in the play are: decision making, responsibility and citizenship, trustworthiness,…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

271

Character Toys as Psychological Tools  

Science.gov (United States)

The main characteristic of children's play is its mental aspect--the fact that it is based on thoughts and feelings and not on objective reality. During imaginary play, children go beyond the limits of reality, and toys are tools that help them to do this. Children need character toys--toys that play the role of companion or partner--in the early…

Smirnova, Elena O.

2011-01-01

272

Ten Essentials for Character Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay asks and answers ten questions that the author believes can serve as a primer or heuristic for educators who are considering character education as a meaningful part of their pedagogical objectives in both the university core curriculum and specific disciplines. All of the questions and answers are premised around the key assertion that…

Rivers, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

273

Memorable characters in illustrated children's literature  

OpenAIRE

This thesis is about characters and characterisation in illustrated children's literature. More specifically it deals with memorable character depiction, within textual and visual narrative. There are many successful, extraordinary and unforgettable character portrayals in children's literature. However, at the same time, one can find a plethora of characters that are quite forgettable. The objective of this thesis is to find out, what are the qualities that make a children's book character s...

Kajavo, Nina

2013-01-01

274

The Binary Perfect Phylogeny with Persistent characters  

CERN Document Server

The near-perfect phylogeny over binary set of characters has been proposed as an extension of the too restrictive model of the perfect phylogeny in order to model biological events such as homoplasy. However the model appears to be too general to model some situations and is computationally inefficient on some instances. In this paper we consider the problem of reconstructing a near-perfect phylogeny where only a type of homoplasy is allowed in the tree: we consider back mutations according to notion of {\\em persistency}, that is characters can be gained and lost at most once. The notion of persistency leads to the problem of the Persistent Perfect Phylogeny (referred as P-PPH). By exploring combinatorial properties of the problem we develop an exact algorithm for solving the P-PPH problem that in the worst case runs in time that is exponential in the number of characters, but is polynomial in the number of species. Indeed, we show that the P-PPH problem can be restated as a special case of the Incomplete Per...

Braghin, Chiara; Trucco, Gabriella; Bonizzoni, Paola

2011-01-01

275

Delicious words – Assessing the impact of short storytelling messages on consumer preferences for variations of a new processed meat product  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Continuous food product improvements require communication that induces consumers to test the new products. The paper presents an experiment that investigated the characteristics of consumers who reacted positively to variations of a new meat product, and explores the effect of short storytelling messages on choice. 1087 Danish consumers were presented with binary choice sets consisting of conventional and new variations of a cubed ham product; half of the respondents in addition saw short storytelling messages. It was found that while some consumers – especially those characterized by values related to stimulation seeking and hedonism and with a tendency towards variety seeking – reacted positively to the new product, others were less interested. The introduction of elements of storytelling, however, had a favorable effect on choice for the segment previously less interested. Thus, the results suggest that consumers who otherwise were not open for the new food product became more positive when storytellingwas introduced.

Fenger, Morten H. J.; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica

2015-01-01

276

Characterness: an indicator of text in the wild.  

Science.gov (United States)

Text in an image provides vital information for interpreting its contents, and text in a scene can aid a variety of tasks from navigation to obstacle avoidance and odometry. Despite its value, however, detecting general text in images remains a challenging research problem. Motivated by the need to consider the widely varying forms of natural text, we propose a bottom-up approach to the problem, which reflects the characterness of an image region. In this sense, our approach mirrors the move from saliency detection methods to measures of objectness. In order to measure the characterness, we develop three novel cues that are tailored for character detection and a Bayesian method for their integration. Because text is made up of sets of characters, we then design a Markov random field model so as to exploit the inherent dependencies between characters. We experimentally demonstrate the effectiveness of our characterness cues as well as the advantage of Bayesian multicue integration. The proposed text detector outperforms state-of-the-art methods on a few benchmark scene text detection data sets. We also show that our measurement of characterness is superior than state-of-the-art saliency detection models when applied to the same task. PMID:24808338

Yao Li; Wenjing Jia; Chunhua Shen; van den Hengel, Anton

2014-04-01

277

Change in organization - emerging situations, character and praxis  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to analyze how change is constructed by local actions and interactions of an organization. Drawing on critical realism and assuming organizational change to be a practical and social performance, a mediating entity - organizational character - is postulated to account for relationship between structure, agency, and action. The empirical study addresses local transformation and organizational character through analyzing events that are related to the development of...

Kera?nen, Tapio

2010-01-01

278

A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica / The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira [...] aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos. Abstract in english This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptua [...] l bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

Marina Tarnowski, Fasanello; Marcelo Firpo de Souza, Porto.

2012-12-01

279

A arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte: uma prática pedagógica na educação básica The art of storytelling integrated to other languages of art: an educational practice in primary education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a relevância da arte de contar histórias, integrada a outras linguagens de arte e expressão enquanto prática pedagógica desencadeadora de processos criativos e de autoconhecimento no âmbito da educação básica. O artigo está organizado em duas partes: a primeira aborda as bases conceituais da arte-educação e da arte de contar histórias; e a segunda relata experiências profissionais de um dos autores, desenvolvidas entre 1998 e 2006, no âmbito da chamada "Oficina Escola de Arte Granada", envolvendo atividades complementares à escola com alunos e professores de escolas públicas no município de Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro. Tais experiências reforçam a importância de buscar alternativas pedagógicas para o desenvolvimento de escolas criativas e transformadoras da realidade, que estimulem alunos mais autônomos e futuros cidadãos.This article discusses the relevance of the art of storytelling integrated to other art languages and expressions As a teaching practice which can promote creative and self-knowledge processes in the context of basic education. The article is organized in two parts: firstly we approach the conceptual bases of art-education and the art of storytelling; secondly we explain some professional experiences developed by one of the authors between 1998 and 2006 related to the "Granada School of Art", an educational organization dedicated to art education and storytelling, involving complementary activities to formal education with students and teachers from public schools in the municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State. Such experiences reinforce the importance of looking for pedagogic alternatives to the development of creative and engaged schools that generate autonomy and citizenship among students.

Marina Tarnowski Fasanello

2012-12-01

280

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

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Full Text Available In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9. This method was modified to eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet.

A. MELO

1997-01-01

281

HERITABILITY OF STING CHARACTERS IN AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In this paper we proposed to estimate the heritability of seven morphological characters that compose the sting apparatus of the Africanized honeybee workers. An experimental design to estimate genetic parameters was based on the method developed by Oldroyd and Moran(9). This method was modified to [...] eliminate within-colony environmental effects associated with the additive genetic variance. The estimated h values ranged from 0.17 ± 0.11 (maximum width of bulb of sting stylet and height of the valve of right lancet) to 0.74 ± 0.30 (length of the lancet).

A., MELO; O., MALASPINA; J. A. F., DINIZ-FILHO.

282

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) testing  

OpenAIRE

The tests identified Scansoft OmniPage 15 as the package most suited to the project requirement. This report describes how we tested different Optical Character Recognition (OCR) packages for use on borehole scans. ScanSoft OmniPage 15, ABBYY FineReader 8, Readiris Pro 10 and TextBridge Pro 11, were analysed against certain criteria to determine which one would be more beneficial by increasing the speed of borehole data entry.

Corry, Eleanore C. J.; Swain, Emily A.

2006-01-01

283

Topographic Feature Extraction for Bengali and Hindi Character Images  

CERN Document Server

Feature selection and extraction plays an important role in different classification based problems such as face recognition, signature verification, optical character recognition (OCR) etc. The performance of OCR highly depends on the proper selection and extraction of feature set. In this paper, we present novel features based on the topography of a character as visible from different viewing directions on a 2D plane. By topography of a character we mean the structural features of the strokes and their spatial relations. In this work we develop topographic features of strokes visible with respect to views from different directions (e.g. North, South, East, and West). We consider three types of topographic features: closed region, convexity of strokes, and straight line strokes. These features are represented as a shape-based graph which acts as an invariant feature set for discriminating very similar type characters efficiently. We have tested the proposed method on printed and handwritten Bengali and Hindi...

Bag, Soumen; 10.5121/sipij.2011.2215

2011-01-01

284

Psychoanalysis and detective fiction: a tale of Freud and criminal storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much has been written about Freud's influence on popular culture. This article addresses the influence of literature on Freud's psychoanalytical theory, specifically the role that modern detective fiction played in shaping Freudian theory. Edgar Allan Poe gave Freud the literary precedent; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes gave him the analytical model. In turn, the world of crime story-telling embedded Freudian theories in subsequent forms, spinning the tales of crime into a journey into the human mind. As these tales were popularized on the silver screen in the early 20th century, psychoanalytical ideas moved from the lecture halls into the cultural mainstream. PMID:21037412

Yang, Amy

2010-01-01

285

Storytelling as Methodology: Colombia’s Social Studies Textbooks after La Constitución de 1991  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article posits the concept-metaphor of “storytelling as methodology” for reading a Colombian social studies textbook after the country ratified a new constitution in 1991. It examines temporal interplay and the interplay between visual and written texts in the textbook in order to analyze US imperialism, race/difference, and the discourse of progress. At the same time, the article draws on the theoretical perspectives of Gayatri Spivak in its attempt to perform transnational academic work within the limits of translation.

Stephanie L. Daza

2013-10-01

286

Once upon a time in Africa : a case study of storytelling for knowledge sharing  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report on research conducted into the use of stories and storytelling to share knowledge in a large mining company based in South Africa. The paper shows how the use of oral methods combined with other media can be used to support a number of different objectives and yield a wide variety of benefits. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This paper presents the results of a case study which used a largely qualitative approach to gather data on a specific c...

Tobin, Peter K. J.; Snyman, Retha

2008-01-01

287

Character customization in video games as symbolic consumption - how characters are customized  

OpenAIRE

Objective of the study The objective of this study is to develop an understanding of how symbolic consumption takes place in video games as video game players customize their character. In real life products serve as symbols of their consumers and help consumers locate themselves in the society, but to this date the consumption in video games has not been studied largely. One recognized way to use customization is to display one’s favorite brands. Existing studies based on other types o...

Mertsalmi, Juhani

2010-01-01

288

47 CFR 10.430 - Character limit.  

Science.gov (United States)

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL MOBILE ALERT SYSTEM Alert Message Requirements § 10.430 Character limit. A CMAS Alert Message processed by a Participating CMS Provider must not exceed 90 characters of alphanumeric...

2010-10-01

289

Agreement on the perception of moral character.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tested for inter-judge agreement on moral character. A sample of students and community members rated their own moral character using a measure that tapped six moral character traits. Friends, family members, and/or acquaintances rated these targets on the same traits. Self/other and inter-informant agreement was found at the trait level for both a general character factor and for residual variance explained by individual moral character traits, as well as at the individual level (judges agreed on targets' "moral character profiles"). Observed inter-judge agreement constitutes evidence for the existence of moral character, and raises questions about the nature of moral character traits. PMID:25326476

Helzer, Erik G; Furr, R Michael; Hawkins, Ashley; Barranti, Maxwell; Blackie, Laura E R; Fleeson, William

2014-12-01

290

MUFI character recommendation v. 2.0  

OpenAIRE

The MUFI group has published a recommendation for the selection of characters from the Unicode Standard and for characters to be allocated to the Private Use Area (PUA). This recommendation coordinates the usage of PUA with several other fonts and font projects, notably the Titus project and Junicode. As of version 2.0 the recommendation has been divided into two parts, each containing the same number of characters, but in a different order. Part 1 lists the characters in alphabetical ord...

Haugen, Odd Einar

2006-01-01

291

Artificial Neural Network Based Optical Character Recognition  

OpenAIRE

Optical Character Recognition deals in recognition and classification of characters from an image. For the recognition to be accurate, certain topological and geometrical properties are calculated, based on which a character is classified and recognized. Also, the Human psychology perceives characters by its overall shape and features such as strokes, curves, protrusions, enclosures etc. These properties, also called Features are extracted from the image by means of spatial ...

Vivek Shrivastava; Navdeep Sharma

2012-01-01

292

Exploring Good Character and Citizenship in England  

Science.gov (United States)

Citizenship, character and the virtues that constitute both are increasingly concerns of public policy in the UK. This article understands character to encompass the morally valuable, reason-response and education part of personality, and understands virtues as states of character concerned with praiseworthy feelings and conduct in specific…

Arthur, James; Harrison, Tom

2012-01-01

293

A Project-Based Digital Storytelling Approach for Improving Students' Learning Motivation, Problem-Solving Competence and Learning Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

Although project-based learning is a well-known and widely used instructional strategy, it remains a challenging issue to effectively apply this approach to practical settings for improving the learning performance of students. In this study, a project-based digital storytelling approach is proposed to cope with this problem. With a…

Hung, Chun-Ming; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Huang, Iwen

2012-01-01

294

A Novel Technique to Read Small and Capital Handwritten Character  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A system has been developed for text writingsystems using Support Vector Machines (SVM iscalled Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR.The main challenge in handwritten characterrecognition for Small and Capital letter is to build asystem that is able to distinguish between variationin writing the same stroke (when the same stroke iswritten by different writers or the same writer atdifferent times and minor variation in similarcharacters in the script. Other issues faced can beattributed to the large number of character andstroke classes. Some Indian scripts have charactermodifiers occurring in multiple non-overlappinghorizontal units which are positioned on one orboth sides of the main consonant. In such cases, wemay also need to keep track of the sequence ofhorizontal units as they are written. The mainproblem in handwritten character recognition isrecognition for Small and Capital letter is to build asystem that is able to distinguish between variationin writing the same stroke and minor variation insimilar characters in the script. Handwrittencharacter recognition is not a new technology but itnot gained public attention. The various featuresthat are considered for classification are thecharacter height, character width, the number ofhorizontal lines (long and short, image centroid andspecial dots. In this research paper extractedfeatures were passed to a Support Vector Machine(SVM where the characters are classified bySupervised Learning Algorithm. These classes aremapped onto for recognition. Then the text isreconstructed using fonts.

Ms. Ekta Tiwari

2012-06-01

295

The character strengths of class clowns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Class clowns traditionally were studied as a type concept and identified via sociometric procedures. In the present study a variable-centered approach was favored and class clown behaviors were studied in the context of character strengths, orientations to happiness and satisfaction with life. A sample of 672 Swiss children and adolescents filled in an 18 item self-report instrument depicting class clown behaviors. A hierarchical model of class clown behaviors was developed distinguishing a general factor and the four positively correlated dimensions of "identified as a class clown," "comic talent," "disruptive rule-breaker," and "subversive joker." Analysis of the general factor showed that class clowns were primarily male, and tended to be seen as class clowns by the teacher. Analyses of the 24 character strengths of the VIA-Youth (Park and Peterson, 2006) showed that class clowns were high in humor and leadership, and low in strengths like prudence, self-regulation, modesty, honesty, fairness, perseverance, and love of learning. An inspection of signature strengths revealed that 75% of class clowns had humor as a signature strength. Furthermore, class clown behaviors were generally shown by students indulging in a life of pleasure, but low life of engagement. The four dimensions yielded different character strengths profiles. While all dimensions of class clowns behaviors were low in temperance strengths, the factors "identified as the class clown" and "comic talent" were correlated with leadership strengths and the two negative factors ("disruptive rule-breaker," "subversive joker") were low in other directed strengths. The disruptive rule breaking class clown was additionally low in intellectual strengths. While humor predicted life satisfaction, class clowning tended to go along with diminished satisfaction with life. It is concluded that different types of class clowns need to be kept apart and need different attention by teachers. PMID:25324796

Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey; Hofmann, Jennifer

2014-01-01

296

The Impact of Digital Storytelling on EFL Learners' Oracy Skills and Motivation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of digital storytelling (DST on EFL learners' oracy skills and their motivation towards the use of DST instruction. Thirty intermediate EFL learners were selected based on their performance on an Oxford Placement Test (OPT and were randomly assigned into two groups (one control and one experimental group each containing 15 participants. Three instruments, listening and speaking tests as pre-post tests, and a motivation questionnaire, were utilized to assess the participants’ oracy skills prior to and after the experiment. To analyze the data, Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA were run. According to the findings of the study, DST participants outperformed the control group in terms of oracy skills and motivation after the treatment. The findings highlighted the need for instruction through the implementation of digital software as a vital component of language instruction that is recommended to be taken into consideration in EFL curriculum.Keywords: Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Digital Storytelling, Oracy Skills, Motivation

Abdorreza Tahriri

2015-05-01

297

Character sums with division polynomials  

CERN Document Server

We obtain nontrivial estimates of quadratic character sums of division polynomials $\\Psi_n(P)$, $n=1,2, ...$, evaluated at a given point $P$ on an elliptic curve over a finite field of $q$ elements. Our bounds are nontrivial if the order of $P$ is at least $q^{5/6 + \\varepsilon}$ for some fixed $\\varepsilon > 0$. This work is motivated by an open question about statistical indistinguishability of some cryptographically relevant sequences which has recently been brought up by K. Lauter and the second author.

Shparlinksi, Igor E

2009-01-01

298

Body Language Advanced 3D Character Rigging  

CERN Document Server

Whether you're a professional Character TD or just like to create 3D characters, this detailed guide reveals the techniques you need to create sophisticated 3D character rigs that range from basic to breathtaking. Packed with step-by-step instructions and full-color illustrations, Body Language walks you through rigging techniques for all the body parts to help you create realistic and believable movements in every character you design. You'll learn advanced rigging concepts that involve MEL scripting and advanced deformation techniques and even how to set up a character pipeline.

Allen, Eric; Fong, Jared; Sidwell, Adam G

2011-01-01

299

Artificial Neural Network Based Optical Character Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Optical Character Recognition deals in recognition and classification of characters from an image. For the recognition to be accurate, certain topological and geometrical properties are calculated, based on which a character is classified and recognized. Also, the Human psychology perceives characters by its overall shape and features such as strokes, curves, protrusions, enclosures etc. These properties, also calledFeatures are extracted from the image by means of spatial pixel-based calculation. A collection of such features, called Vectors, help in defining a character uniquely, by means of an Artificial Neural Network that uses these Feature Vectors.

Vivek Shrivastava

2012-11-01

300

Teaching Virtual Characters to use Body Language  

OpenAIRE

Non-verbal communication, or “body language”, is a critical component in constructing believable virtual characters. Most often, body language is implemented by a set of ad-hoc rules.We propose a new method for authors to specify and refine their character’s body-language responses. Using our method, the author watches the character acting in a situation, and provides simple feedback on-line. The character then learns to use its body language to maximize the rewards, based on a reinforc...

Friedman, Doron; Gillies, Marco

2005-01-01

301

Children' s storytelling in the second age group  

OpenAIRE

Speech is a complex and intensive process that is being developed from prenatal era till the adulthood. Speech is a very important resource in human life as it serves for the establishment of contacts and communication with the surroundings. Our duty is to provide children optimal environment for the development of speech, guide and encourage them to speak and enable them a variety of activities that encourage verbal and non-verbal communication. In the theoretical part I have presented ...

Kamnar, Katja

2013-01-01

302

Extending Characters on Fix Algebras  

CERN Document Server

A dynamical system is a triple $(A,G,\\alpha)$, consisting of a unital locally convex algebra $A$, a topological group $G$ and a group homomorphism $\\alpha:G\\rightarrow\\Aut(A)$, which induces a continuous action of $G$ on $A$. Further, a unital locally convex algebra $A$ is called continuous inverse algebra, or CIA for short, if its group of units $A^{\\times}$ is open in $A$ and the inversion $\\iota:A^{\\times}\\rightarrow A^{\\times},\\,\\,\\,a\\mapsto a^{-1}$ is continuous at $1_A$. For a compact manifold $M$, the Fr\\'echet algebra of smooth functions $C^{\\infty}(M)$ is the prototype of such a continuous inverse algebra. We show that if $A$ is a complete commutative CIA, $G$ a compact group and $(A,G,\\alpha)$ a dynamical system, then each character of $B:=A^G$ can be extended to a character of $A$. In particular, the natural map on the level of the corresponding spectra $\\Gamma_A\\rightarrow\\Gamma_B$, $\\chi\\mapsto\\chi_{\\mid B}$ is surjective.

Wagner, Stefan

2011-01-01

303

Handwritten character recognition using background analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper describes a low-cost handwritten character recognizer. It is constituted by three modules: the `acquisition' module, the `binarization' module, and the `core' module. The core module can be logically partitioned into six steps: character dilation, character circumscription, region and `profile' analysis, `cut' analysis, decision tree descent, and result validation. Firstly, it reduces the resolution of the binarized regions and detects the minimum rectangle (MR) which encloses the character; the MR partitions the background into regions that surround the character or are enclosed by it, and allows it to define features as `profiles' and `cuts;' a `profile' is the set of vertical or horizontal minimum distances between a side of the MR and the character itself; a `cut' is a vertical or horizontal image segment delimited by the MR. Then, the core module classifies the character by descending along the decision tree on the basis of the analysis of regions around the character, in particular of the `profiles' and `cuts,' and without using context information. Finally, it recognizes the character or reactivates the core module by analyzing validation test results. The recognizer is largely insensible to character discontinuity and is able to detect Arabic numerals and English alphabet capital letters. The recognition rate of a 32 X 32 pixel character is of about 97% after the first iteration, and of over 98% after the second iteration.

Tascini, Guido; Puliti, Paolo; Zingaretti, Primo

1993-04-01

304

Kannada character recognition system using neural network  

Science.gov (United States)

Handwriting recognition has been one of the active and challenging research areas in the field of pattern recognition. It has numerous applications which include, reading aid for blind, bank cheques and conversion of any hand written document into structural text form. As there is no sufficient number of works on Indian language character recognition especially Kannada script among 15 major scripts in India. In this paper an attempt is made to recognize handwritten Kannada characters using Feed Forward neural networks. A handwritten Kannada character is resized into 20x30 Pixel. The resized character is used for training the neural network. Once the training process is completed the same character is given as input to the neural network with different set of neurons in hidden layer and their recognition accuracy rate for different Kannada characters has been calculated and compared. The results show that the proposed system yields good recognition accuracy rates comparable to that of other handwritten character recognition systems.

Kumar, Suresh D. S.; Kamalapuram, Srinivasa K.; Kumar, Ajay B. R.

2013-03-01

305

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing given by (alpha, beta (alpha * beta [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X. The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareamento dado por (alfa,beta (alfa * beta [X] induz isomorfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X. A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada.

REESE HARVEY

2001-06-01

306

The Magic World of Storytelling: Some Points for Reflection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many ways to get students involved in the English learning process. Telling stories is one of the most effective ones. This article attempts to gather some pedagogical and psychological reasons why this kind of activity is important, not only to improve students vocabulary and make them achieve a feeling of self confidence but to let them develop social values.

Castro Martha

2002-08-01

307

A Learning Design for Student-Generated Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature on digital video in education emphasises the use of pre-fabricated, instructional-style video assets. Learning designs for supporting the use of these expert-generated video products have been developed. However, there has been a paucity of pedagogical frameworks for facilitating specific genres of learner-generated video projects.…

Kearney, Matthew

2011-01-01

308

Optical character recognition of handwritten Arabic using hidden Markov models  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The problem of optical character recognition (OCR) of handwritten Arabic has not received a satisfactory solution yet. In this paper, an Arabic OCR algorithm is developed based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) combined with the Viterbi algorithm, which results in an improved and more robust recognition of characters at the sub-word level. Integrating the HMMs represents another step of the overall OCR trends being currently researched in the literature. The proposed approach exploits the structure of characters in the Arabic language in addition to their extracted features to achieve improved recognition rates. Useful statistical information of the Arabic language is initially extracted and then used to estimate the probabilistic parameters of the mathematical HMM. A new custom implementation of the HMM is developed in this study, where the transition matrix is built based on the collected large corpus, and the emission matrix is built based on the results obtained via the extracted character features. The recognition process is triggered using the Viterbi algorithm which employs the most probable sequence of sub-words. The model was implemented to recognize the sub-word unit of Arabic text raising the recognition rate from being linked to the worst recognition rate for any character to the overall structure of the Arabic language. Numerical results show that there is a potentially large recognition improvement by using the proposed algorithms.

Aulama, Mohannad M. [University of Jordan; Natsheh, Asem M. [University of Jordan; Abandah, Gheith A. [University of Jordan; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL

2011-01-01

309

Character-specific homeostasis dominates fluctuating asymmetries in the medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) indicate random variation in size of bilaterally-produced traits, which occurs during development, and hence measures the degree of developmental instability. Whole-individual homeostasis has been assumed responsible for the negative correlation that has often been found between FA of many sexually selected traits and their size. We show that, theoretically, character-specific homeostasis can provide an equally convincing explanation for this correlation. Furthermore, we tested these two hypotheses for (1) a sexually dimorphic character and (2) sexually monomorphic characters of the male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, by manipulating density during larval development. Our results clearly support character-specific homeostasis. (author)

310

An interactive platform for collaborative storytelling - The storybroad system  

OpenAIRE

Drawing inspiration for writing good stories has always been a common problem among authors. In this thesis we will design, implement and evaluate a platform which aims to help authors or group of authors in the difficult process of writing creative and interesting plots. The concept on which the whole system is based is the one of nonlinear history: starting from a root node, which is the beginning of the story, the plot develops in many directions forming a treelike structure. Each child in...

Mauri, Fabio

2011-01-01

311

RECOGNITION OF OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN ISOLATED URDU CHARACTER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an approach for recognition of offline handwritten isolated Urdu character based on Invariant Moments. Handwritten Urdu character recognition is lagging behind due to segmentation dilemma and complexity of Urdu letter writing. An attempt is made to apply Moment Invariant technique followed by Primary and secondary component separation. The Urdu letters were grouped into single component and multi-component characters. If letter is multi-component then Secondary component were separated from primary component. SVM is adopted for classification and position of secondary component (Above, Below and middle is considered for recognition. For each of 46 characters 200 image samples were used for training and 600 for testing respectively. In this manner overall 36800 handwritten characters were used to apply the technique. Overall performance rate is found to be 93.59% for all offline handwritten isolated Urdu characters. It is possible to enhance the accuracy of system by combining more structural and statistical features.

Imran Khan Pathan, Abdulbari Ahmed Ali and Ramteke R.J.

2012-03-01

312

Online Handwritten Lao Character Recognition by MRF  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes on-line recognition of handwritten Lao characters by adopting Markov random field (MRF). The character set to recognize includes consonants, vowels and tone marks, 52 characters in total. It extracts feature points along the pen-tip trace from pen-down to pen-up, and then sets each feature point from an input pattern as a site and each state from a character class as a label. It recognizes an input pattern by using a linear-chain MRF model to assign labels to the sites of the input pattern. It employs the coordinates of feature points as unary features and the transitions of the coordinates between the neighboring feature points as binary features. An evaluation on the Lao character pattern database demonstrates the robustness of our proposed method with recognition rate of 92.41% and respectable recognition time of less than a second per character.

Saysourinhong, Latsamy; Zhu, Bilan; Nakagawa, Masaki

313

Online Character Recognition of Handwritten Cursive Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Text recognition is an area of pattern recognition that has been the subject of considerable interest during the last five decades. Handwritten text show wide stylistic variations. In this paper cursive characters have been recognized. Segmentation of words into characters is performed by feature extractor method. The segmented characters is then given as the input to template matching algorithm in which an incoming input is re-sized and each and every character in it is extracted. Then the extracted character is matched against the standard templates. Here pixel by pixel matching takes place for recognition. Recognition of unconstrained handwritten text is very difficult because characters cannot be reliably isolated especially when the text is cursive handwriting. But it is implemented in this project with high accuracy.

Muthumani .I

2012-05-01

314

Character localization and recognition application for Smartphone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Smart Phones have Internet access anywhere. The automatic text localization and recognition of text within a natural image is very useful for many problems. Once identified, the text can be used for many purposes. User can get current information about the product, place or boards. More exciting applications can be developed over the text extraction method with a high performance while also being computationally inexpensive. There are various methods proposed for Text Localization, text area segmentation, sign recognition and translation, Optical Character Recognition. In this paper we have described these methods. We have also compared all methods on the basis of performance and accuracy. Finally we concluded some good methods for Smartphone OCR application.

Snehal Charjan, R. V. Mante, P. N. Chatur

2012-12-01

315

Pema’s Tale: Intercultural Communication as Storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intercultural communication is typically conceptualized in terms of business-oriented models that focus on the binary differences between cultural groups. Beginning with Edward Hall, the foundational premise is that the basis of effective communication with people of cultures other than our own is a thorough understanding of the disparities between cultural groups. This paper argues that intercultural communication should entail not merely the business-like, efficient exchange of information with different others but the crucial development of a feeling of connection and an appreciation for diverse ways of being in the world. Building upon the work of Jerome Bruner, it further suggests that the focus on dissimilarities which traditional models enforce obscures a true understanding of how intercultural communications can be enabled by a fundamental similarity: the human impulse to make sense of the world through narrative.

Ellen Rose

2011-01-01

316

Gaze Behaviors for Virtual Crowd Characters  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays, crowds of virtual characters are used in many domains such as neurosciences, psychology, and computer sciences. Since as human beings, we are natural experts in human being representation and movement, it makes it that much harder to correctly model and animate virtual characters. This becomes even more challenging when considering crowds of virtual characters. Indeed, in addition to the representation and animation, there is the mandatory trade-off between rich, realistic behaviors...

Grillon, Helena; Yersin, Barbara; Maim, Jonathan; Thalmann, Daniel

2009-01-01

317

Temperament and character correlates of neuropsychological performance  

OpenAIRE

We investigate the association between temperament and character dimensions, on the one hand, and computerised neuropsychological test performance, on the other hand. Temperament and character dimensions were operationalised as scores on the subscales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), a 240-item measure that is based on the psychobiological theory of personality. Neuropsychological outcomes were measured on six computerised tests of executive functioning and abs...

Cassimjee, Nafisa; Murphy, Raegan

2010-01-01

318

Cohomological Hall algebras and character varieties  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we investigate the relationship between twisted and untwisted character varieties via a specific instance of the Cohomological Hall algebra for moduli of objects in 3-Calabi-Yau categories introduced by Kontsevich and Soibelman. In terms of Donaldson--Thomas theory, this relationship is completely understood via the calculations of Hausel and Villegas of the E polynomials of twisted character varieties and untwisted character stacks. We present a conjectural lift of this relationship to the cohomological Hall algebra setting.

Davison, Ben

2015-01-01

319

A Comparison and Research on the Sino-U.S Character Education  

OpenAIRE

Character education seeks to develop virtue—human excellence—as the foundation of a purposeful, productive, and fulfilling life and a just, compassionate, and flourishing society. This study was taken in view of the growing importance of character education in P.R.China and United States. Significant differences and similarities were found in mechanism and perceptions about character education in these two countries. The underlying reasons that may account for such differences are discuss...

Baoren Su

2009-01-01

320

Speaking truth to power: Indigenous storytelling as an act of living resistance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our preparation for this issue, we had particular expectations and beliefs about what it meant to theorize and map out decolonization. We saw decolonization as under theorized and needing more attention. What the authors of this issue reminded us of is that decolonization does not fit the demands and expectations of the Western Euroversity – it is alive and vibrant, being theorized and enacted in Indigenous communities around the globe through practices such as story telling. In this editorial we examine the role that Indigenous storytelling plays as resurgence and insurgence, as Indigenous knowledge production, and as disruptive of Eurocentric, colonial norms of ‘objectivity’ and knowledge. As the authors in this issue explore the specific and located knowledges that work to decolonization, we finish by asking what the role of the reader is in bearing witness to these profound, powerful, and complex articulations of decolonization and Indigenous being.

Aman Sium

2013-05-01

321

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

Mette Terp Høybe

2009-01-01

322

Online interaction. Effects of storytelling in an internet breast cancer support group  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The internet provides new ways of forming social relationships among people with breast cancer and is increasingly used for this purpose. This qualitative study, using ethnographic case-study method, aimed to explore how support groups on the internet can break the social isolation that follows cancer and chronic pain, by analysing the storytelling emerging on the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing list. Using participant observation and face-to-face or online interviews of participants, we investigated the motivations of 15 women who chose the internet to counteract social isolation after breast cancer. The results showed that the women were empowered by the exchanges of knowledge and experience within the support group. The internet was considered a means for finding ways of living with breast cancer. Our study suggests that internet support groups have important potential for the rehabilitation of cancer patients.

HØybye, Mette Terp; Johansen, Christoffer

2005-01-01

323

Character strengths of adolescent survivors of childhood cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english There is increased interest in possible positive outcomes for survivors of childhood cancer. This study investigated the manifestation of character strengths in adolescents who have survived cancer compared to that seen in healthy adolescents. The aim was to establish whether specific character stre [...] ngths may be more prominent in adolescents who have survived cancer than in healthy adolescents. Two groups of participants, consisting of adolescents who have survived childhood cancer (n = 21) and a group of healthy adolescents (n = 21), were obtained through convenience sampling. They completed the Values in Action Inventory for Youth (VIA-Youth) (Park & Peterson 2006) as a measure of character strengths. No significant differences were found between the character strengths of adolescents who have survived cancer and their healthy peers, unlike the findings of a similar earlier study with adults (Peterson, Park & Seligman 2006). It is concluded that the experience of serious illness such as cancer neither hindered nor enhanced the development of character strengths in this group of adolescent survivors. More research is needed to understand positive psychological functioning in the aftermath of childhood cancer.

Tharina, Guse; Gloria, Eracleous.

324

The Uncanny Valley and Nonverbal Communication in Virtual Characters  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter provides an overview of a current research project investigating the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in realistic, human-like virtual characters. !e research methods used in this work include a retrospective of both empirical studies and philosophical writings on the Uncanny. No other research has explored the notion that realistic, human-like, virtual characters are regarded less favorably due to a perceived diminished degree of responsiveness in facial expression, specifically, nonverbal communication (NVC) in the upper face region. So far, this research project has provided the first empirical evidence to test the Uncanny Valley phenomenon in the domain of animated video game characters with speech, as opposed to just still, unresponsive images, as used in previous studies. Based on the results of these experiments, a conceptual framework of the Uncanny Valley in virtual characters has been authored to allow developers to design either for or against the uncanny for antipathetic or empathetic-type characters. This research is relevant to embodied conversational agents used in a wider context such as therapeutic and e-learning applications and has an outreach to the disciplines of psychology, social psychology, game studies, animation and graphics, and human computer interaction.

Tinwell, Angela; Grimshaw, Mark Nicholas

2014-01-01

325

Game Character Creation with Blender and Unity  

CERN Document Server

A complete guide to creating usable, realistic game characters with two powerful tools Creating viable game characters requires a combination of skills. This book teaches game creators how to create usable, realistic game assets using the power of an open-source 3D application and a free game engine. It presents a step-by-step approach to modeling, texturing, and animating a character using the popular Blender software, with emphasis on low polygon modeling and an eye for using sculpting and textures, and demonstrates how to bring the character into the Unity game engine. Game creation is a po

Totten, Chris

2012-01-01

326

ZBrush Studio Projects Realistic Game Characters  

CERN Document Server

Tips and techniques for bringing reality and creativity to your game characters and art As video games evolve, the bar moves ever higher for realism, one of the most challenging artistic frontiers is creating realistic human characters. In ZBrush Studio Projects: Realistic Game Characters, ZBrush expert Ryan Kingslien zeroes in on specific areas of concern for game creation: human body style, faces, skin texturing, clothing, shoes, weaponry, and putting your character into a game environment. Throughout the book Ryan offers tips and insights that provide readers with the depth and breadth they

Kingslien, Ryan

2011-01-01

327

Character segmentation algorithm for off-line handwritten script recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a new character segmentation algorithm for dealing with off-line handwritten script recognition is presented. The X-axis projection, Y-axis projection and geometric classes techniques used by the algorithm proves to be successful in segmenting normal handwriting with a success rate of 93.5%. As a result of this development, detailed understanding of geometric classes of English characters and the difficult cases in segmentation was gained. Although the algorithm works quite well with a randomly chosen sample, results of a detailed analysis may shed new light into the tuning of the algorithm especially for segmenting the identified difficult cases.

Yung, Nelson H. C.; Lai, Andrew H. S.; Chua, Perry Z.

1995-04-01

328

Onomatopoeia characters extraction from comic images using constrained Delaunay triangulation  

Science.gov (United States)

A method for extracting onomatopoeia characters from comic images was developed based on stroke width feature of characters, since they nearly have a constant stroke width in a number of cases. An image was segmented with a constrained Delaunay triangulation. Connected component grouping was performed based on the triangles generated by the constrained Delaunay triangulation. Stroke width calculation of the connected components was conducted based on the altitude of the triangles generated with the constrained Delaunay triangulation. The experimental results proved the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Liu, Xiangping; Shoji, Kenji; Mori, Hiroshi; Toyama, Fubito

2014-02-01

329

AN OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.  

Science.gov (United States)

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPE LIBRARY SYSTEMS WHICH UTILIZE OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION INPUT HAS CENTERED AROUND OPTICAL PAGE READERS AND DOCUMENT READERS. THE STATE-OF-THE-ART OF BOTH THESE OPTICAL SCANNERS IS SUCH THAT BOTH ARE ACCEPTABLE FOR LIBRARY INPUT PREPARATION. A DEMONSTRATION PROJECT UTILIZING THE TWO TYPES OF READERS, SINCE…

1968

330

Character-driven Theme Analysis in Pride and Prejudice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to reveal Jane Austen’s creative style of realism through an analysis of the major characters in Pride and Prejudice, which develops as the clue to the theme of a love story. Its essence as an entanglement of "rationality" and "emotionality" embodies the author’s view of love and the voice of women’s liberation.

Xiaoping Yu

2010-09-01

331

Storytelling that moves people. A conversation with screenwriting coach Robert McKee.  

Science.gov (United States)

When executives need to persuade an audience, most try to build a case with facts, statistics, and some quotes from authorities. In other words, they resort to "companyspeak," the tools of rhetoric they have been trained to use. In this conversation with HBR, Robert McKee, the world's best-known screenwriting lecturer, argues that executives can engage people in a much deeper--and ultimately more convincing--way if they toss out their Power-Point slides and memos and learn to tell good stories. As human beings, we make sense of our experiences through stories. But becoming a good storyteller is hard. It requires imagination and an understanding of what makes a story worth telling. All great stories deal with the conflict between subjective expectations and an uncooperative objective reality. They show a protagonist wrestling with antagonizing forces, not a rosy picture of results meeting expectations--which no one ends up believing. Consider the CEO of a biotech start-up that has discovered a chemical compound to prevent heart attacks. He could make a pitch to investors by offering up market projections, the business plan, and upbeat, hypothetical scenarios. Or he could captivate them by telling the story of his father, who died of a heart attack, and of the CEO's subsequent struggle against various antagonists--nature, the FDA, potential rivals--to bring to market the effective, low-cost test that might have prevented his father's death. Good storytellers are not necessarily good leaders, but they do share certain traits. Both are self-aware, and both are skeptics who realize that all people--and institutions--wear masks. Compelling stories can be found behind those masks. PMID:12800716

McKee, Robert

2003-06-01

332

Offline Character Recognition using Monte Carlo Method and Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Human Machine interface are constantly gaining improvements because of increasing development ofcomputer tools. Handwritten Character Recognition do have various significant applications like formscanning, verification, validation, or checks reading. Because of the importance of these applicationspassionate research in the field of Off-Line handwritten character recognition is going on. The challenge inrecognising the handwritings lies in the nature ofhumans, having unique styles in terms of font, contours,etc. This paper presents a novice approach to identify the offline characters; we call it as characterdividerapproach which can be used after pre-processing stage. We devise an innovative approach for featureextraction known as vector contour. We also discussthe pros and cons including limitations, of ourapproach.

Hitesh Rajput

2013-06-01

333

Storytelling and environmental information: connecting schoolchildren and herpetofauna in Morocco.  

Science.gov (United States)

Northwestern Morocco is undergoing a sudden change in the level of infrastructure growth and pressure on the environment from increased tourism. The ongoing changes are raising questions about how the ecosystem will react, and the relevant drivers of these changes. The Oued Laou valley in north-west Morocco hosts high landscape, species and human cultural diversity. The Talassemtane National Park has been established to preserve the environment in this region; however, what information tools are available to children regarding this environment? The ecosystem is illustrated here using three components: herpetofauna (representing ecosystem components), problems related to water quantity and quality (representing interactions within ecosystem components) and Talassemtane National Park (representing a case of ecosystem management). A children's book was written on this topic, and when the book was delivered to pupils, a questionnaire was included, aimed at determining their sources of environmental information. The results identified major changes in the sources of information utilized by children in this part of Morocco, a clear role of schools in explaining ecosystem components, and an increasing role of TV in environmental information supply. The role of the family was found to be less important than TV or school. Another major source of pupils' environmental knowledge is personal observation and hands-on experience, both for rural and urban children. Children are willing to discover and understand complex systems, and researchers should be encouraged to supply children with correct and up-to-date information on environmental systems, focusing at first on the local environment, as a background for sustainable development. PMID:21392289

Fanini, Lucia; Fahd, Soumia

2009-06-01

334

Lefschetz-Pontrjagin duality for differential characters  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Uma teoria de caracteres diferenciais é aqui desenvolvida para variedades com bordo. Isto é feito tanto do ponto de vista de Cheeger-Simons como do deRham-Federer. O resultado central deste artigo é a formulação e a prova de um teorema da dualidade de Lefschetz-Pontrjagin, que afirma que o pareament [...] o dado por (alfa,beta) (alfa * beta) [X] induz isomorfismos sobre os duais diferenciáveis de Pontrjagin. Em particular, e são injetivos com domínios densos no grupo de todos os homeomorfismos contínuos no círculo. Uma aplicação de cobordo é introduzida, a qual fornece uma sequência longa para os grupos de caracteres associados ao par ( X, X). A relação desta sequência com as aplicações de dualidade é analisada. Abstract in english A theory of differential characters is developed for manifolds with boundary. This is done from both the Cheeger-Simons and the deRham-Federer viewpoints. The central result of the paper is the formulation and proof of a Lefschetz-Pontrjagin Duality Theorem, which asserts that the pairing [...] http:/img/fbpe/aabc/v73n2/fo1.gif" alt="fo1.gif (867 bytes)"> given by (alpha, beta) (alpha * beta) [X] induces isomorphisms onto the smooth Pontrjagin duals. In particular, and are injective with dense range in the group of all continuous homomorphisms into the circle. A coboundary map is introduced which yields a long sequence for the character groups associated to the pair (X, X). The relation of the sequence to the duality mappings is analyzed.

REESE, HARVEY; BLAINE, LAWSON.

2001-06-01

335

Character and Effective Leadership of the Knowledge Worker  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Ulrich in the forward to the Zenger and Folkman (2002) book, ''The Extraordinary Leader'', wrote about the importance of character in leadership stating, ''Everything about great leaders radiates from character. Character improves the probability of exhibiting strong interpersonal skill. Some of this perceived character is innate . . . but more is driven by the leader's self-awareness and interactions with others'' (p. ix). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership effectiveness and character using leader-managers of knowledge workers as the subject sample. Findings indicated that character, particularly those factors associated with honesty, setting the example, and valuing and strengthening others, were what set the most effective leader-managers apart from their peers. Technical competence and self-efficacy were found to be common characteristics of the study sample as was a drive for results. Who a leader-manager is, his/her substance, was found in this study to differentiate the ''best'' leader-managers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By their character, leader-managers establish the environment in which knowledge workers contribute and grow. As found by Pfeiffer (2000), Leaders of companies that experience smaller gaps between what they know and what they do (to turn knowledge into action), understand that their most important task is not necessarily to make strategic decisions, or, for that matter any decisions at all. Their task is to help build systems of practice that produce a more reliable transformation of knowledge into action. Leaders create environments, reinforce norms, and help set expectations through what they do. (p. 261) In other words, as confirmed by this research study, their task is to model the way. Study results also confirmed Ulrich's (1996) supposition that to create the ''air'' in which employees work, leaders have the personal characteristics that engender trust and commitment. In other words, as study results confirmed, the most effective leader-managers establish trusting relationships and strengthen others--they enable others; and, are just, fair, sincere, and recognize contributions--they encourage the heart. Based on study findings, the leadership development model proposed was founded on the premise that character can be developed, particularly if done so through assessment and challenging assignments, with coaching, mentoring, and peer network support. However, development of character requires a shift in our leadership development programs. What causes this shift is a focus on learning by doing through challenging assignments and teaching others rather than learning through event focused assessment and course work. Character cannot be learned in the classroom; it needs to be developed through experience and then learned by feedback, reflection, coaching, and teaching others. Study findings indicated that knowledge workers want to be encouraged, believed in and lead by those they trust to inspire them to accomplish the goals and objectives of the organization. To cause a workforce to generate intellectual capital for the organization, study findings found that the leader-manager's ''character'' does make a difference.

Khoury, A E

2005-04-20

336

Recognition of Ancient Tamil Handwritten Characters in Palm Manuscripts Using Genetic Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this research is to develop computer software that can recognize the Ancient Tamil handwritten characters by using the genetic algorithm technique (RATHCPM. The system consists of 5 main modules, which are: 1 image acquisition module, 2 image preprocessing module, 3 feature extraction module, 4 character recognition module, and 5 display result module. Each module has the following details. First, the image acquisition module collects an unknown input character from a user. Second, the input image is transformed into a suitable image for the feature extraction module. Third, the system extracts character features from the image. There are 3 main features of Tamil characters which are stroke, loop and location of loop and stroke connection. Fourth, the extracted character information is kept in the form of bits string chromosome in a genetic algorithm. Finally, the system displays the best fitness chromosome for the recognition result.

E. K. Vellingiriraj

2013-05-01

337

Character Education, K-12, in Uniondale  

Science.gov (United States)

The Uniondale, New York School District and community believe that their character education program creates a safe and positive environment for their students. Through character education, they are increasing students' social competence and reducing students' aggressive behaviors. Their school district's goal is to build a district and school…

Curtis-Seinik, Cynthia; McCarthy, Margaret; Nadal, Kathleen; Pfeiffer, Deborah; Tella, Adeola; Wagner, Nancy

2006-01-01

338

About the Chinese Character of “Ri”(“?”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Chinese character of “Ri”(“?” is a typical pictographic character. Given the fact that it reflects natural objects, it is very easy for it to be noticed by ancient people in the beginning of the Chinese character formation. Therefore, the examination of the character of “Ri”(“?” is of great significance to the study of Chinese characters. In the meantime, by examining the close ties between the character of “Ri”(“?” and the Chinese culture, we will be able to provide ways of thinking to understand the cultural and psychological dimension of Chinese characters.
Keywords: the character of “Ri”(“?”, pictographic, characteristic culture
Résumé Le caractère « soleil » est un idéogramme typique. Comme il reflète la nature, les créateurs des caractères chinois de l’Antiquité pensèrent facilement à lui. Donc l’étude de ce caractère revêtit une portée universelle pour la recherche du caractère chinois. En même temps, l’investigation sur les liens étroits entre ce caractère et la culture contribue à compréhendre la formation de la psychologie culturelles des caractères chinois. Mots-clés : « soleil », idéogramme, emblème spécial, culture
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????“?”?????????

Xu-wu HUANG

2006-06-01

339

Tests Faced by Children's Book Characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Looks at testing from a broad perspective and selected works of children's literature in which the characters face tests of many kinds. Organizes books in the following ways: tests at school, tests of survival, tests of courage, tests of character, tests of relationships, and tests of extraordinary life hardships. (SG)

Yokota, Junko; Cai, Mingshui

2002-01-01

340

Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program  

OpenAIRE

A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resources...

Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke; Sharon Thomas

2012-01-01

341

Multimedia storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

Multimedia video presentations, which integrate still photographs with video clips, audio interviews, ambient sounds, and music, are an effective and engaging way to tell science stories. In July 2009, Linder joined professors and undergraduates on an expedition to the Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia. This IPY science project, called The Polaris Project (http://www.thepolarisproject.org), is an undergraduate research experience where students and faculty work together to increase our understanding of climate change impacts, including thawing permafrost, in this remote corner of the world. During the summer field season, Linder conducted dozens of interviews, captured over 20,000 still photographs and hours of ambient audio and video clips. Following the 2009 expedition, Linder blended this massive archive of visual and audio information into a 10-minute overview video and five student vignettes. In 2010, Linder again traveled to Siberia as part of the Polaris Project, this time mentoring an environmental journalism student who will lead the production of a video about the 2010 field season. Using examples from the Polaris productions, we will present tips, tools, and techniques for creating compelling multimedia science stories.

Linder, C. A.; Wilbert, M.; Holmes, R. M.

2010-12-01

342

The Public Library and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Storyteller-in-Residence Program of the Cape Breton Regional Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In June 2011, the Cape Breton Regional Library Board appointed Ken Chisholm as its Storyteller-in-Residence, the first such appointment for a public library system in Nova Scotia. The board was also one of the first public bodies in Canada to make a program decision that specifically cited the UNESCO Convention on the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The part-time position was created following local and external research and consultations, and the establishment of a formal selection and advisory process. This article briefly highlights the other “library laureate” programs that were studied and presents an overview of the process adopted by the Cape Breton Regional Library. The Storyteller-in-Residence is a permanent program, although the successful candidate is named to a two-year term. The Storyteller-in-Residence helps communities to preserve memories and oral traditions, serves as an ambassador for the library, and assists with activities in the library’s 13 branches and two bookmobiles.

Tom Urbaniak

2012-01-01

343

A Study on the Issue of Chinese Character in Ruby on Rails and Relevant Solving Scheme  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As Ruby on rails springs out in China, it wins greater attentions from developers at once. Focusing on the Chinese character issue appeared in the Ruby on rails development frame, this paper puts forward specific solving scheme.

Ying Li

2009-02-01

344

Character Education in America's Blue Ribbon Schools: Best Practices for Meeting the Challenge.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although most schools use some type of character-education program, a select number do an exceptional job in fostering their students' development of character, values, and ethical judgment. An overview of how these schools achieve this excellence is offered here. The text assesses the programs used by the schools, and each chapter summarizes…

Murphy, Madonna M.

345

A Pantomime, a Prop, and a Piece of Advice: Bringing Fairy Tale Characters to Life.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes how children can become immersed in the world of fairy tales through activities such as choosing a character and developing a monolog, and creating a pantomime, a prop and a piece of advice, all relevant to their character and story. Includes a list of resources. (AEF)

Zingher, Gary

1999-01-01

346

Character Recognition using RCS with Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hand written Tamil Character recognition refers to the process of conversion of handwritten Tamil character into Unicode Tamil character. The scanned image is segmented into paragraphs using spatial space detection technique, paragraphs into lines using vertical histogram, lines into words using horizontal histogram, and words into character image glyphs using horizontal histogram. The extracted features considered for recognition are given to Support Vector Machine, Self Organizing Map, RCS, Fuzzy Neural Network and Radial Basis Network. Where the characters are classified using supervised learning algorithm. These classes are mapped onto Unicode for recognition. Then the text is reconstructed using Unicode fonts. This character recognition finds applications in document analysis where the handwritten document can be converted to editable printed document. This approach can be extended to recognition and reproduction of hand written documents in South Indian languages. In the training set, a recognition rate of 100% was achieved and in the test set the recognized speed for each character is 0.1sec and accuracy is 97%. Understandably, the training set produced much higher recognition rate than the test set. Structure analysis suggested that the proposed system of RCS with back propagation network is given higher recognition rate.

C. Sureshkumar

2010-09-01

347

Morphological Characters of Some Exotic Sugarcane Varieties  

OpenAIRE

Six exotic varieties of sugarcane (CP84-1198, CP85-1491, CP88-1165, CP77-400, CP89-846, TCP86-3368) planted at the National Agricultural Research Centre during 1998-99 were described for their morphological characters. All the varieties greatly varied in different characters. Mean leaf length, number of green leaves and width of leaf lamina/blade was different in different varieties. These varieties also differed in leaf sheath colour, carriage, and other leaf characters. Shape of the dewlap,...

Maqbool Akhtar; Nosheen Noor Elahi; Ashraf, M.

2001-01-01

348

Submatrices of character tables and basic sets  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this investigation of character tables of nite groups we study basic sets and associated representation theoretic data for complementary sets of conjugacy lasses. For the symmetric groups we nd unexpected properties of characters on restricted sets of conjugacy classes, like beautiful combinatorial determinant formulae for submatrices of the character table and Cartan matrices with respect to basic sets; we observe that similar phenomena occur for the transition matrices between power sum symmetric functions to bounded partitions and the k-Schur functions dened by Lapointe and Morse. Arithmetic properties of the numbers occurring in this context are studied via generating functions

Bessenrodt, Christine; Olsson, JØrn BØrling

2012-01-01

349

Novel methods to collect meaningful data from adolescents for the development of health interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health interventions are increasingly focused on young adolescents, and as a result, discussions with this population have become a popular method in qualitative research. Traditional methods used to engage adults in discussions do not translate well to this population, who may have difficulty conceptualizing abstract thoughts and opinions and communicating them to others. As part of a larger project to develop and evaluate a video game for risk reduction and HIV prevention in young adolescents, we were seeking information and ideas from the priority audience that would help us create authentic story lines and character development in the video game. To accomplish this authenticity, we conducted in-depth interviews and focus groups with young adolescents aged 10 to 15 years and employed three novel methods: Storytelling Using Graphic Illustration, My Life, and Photo Feedback Project. These methods helped provide a thorough understanding of the adolescents' experiences and perspectives regarding their environment and future aspirations, which we translated into active components of the video game intervention. This article describes the processes we used and the valuable data we generated using these three engaging methods. These three activities are effective tools for eliciting meaningful data from young adolescents for the development of health interventions. PMID:24519998

Hieftje, Kimberly; Duncan, Lindsay R; Fiellin, Lynn E

2014-09-01

350

Recognition of Handwritten Character of Manipuri Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper a backpropagation neural network based handwritten characters (Mapum Mayek recognition system of Manipuri Script is investigated. This paper presents various steps involved in the recognition process. It begins with thresholding of gray level image into binarised image, then from the binarised image the character pattern is segmented using connected component analysis and from the resized character matrix, its probabilistic features and fuzzy features are extracted. Using these features the network is trained and recognition tests are performed. Experiments indicate that the proposed recognition system performs well with the combined features and is robust to the writing variations that exist between persons and for a single person at different instances, thus being promising for user independent character recognition.

Tangkeshwar Thokchom

2010-10-01

351

Alterations in subspecific characters of groundnut  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recombination of beneficial characters associated in the cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) belonging to the two subspecies hypogaea and fastigiata had little success in conventional breeding programme. The cultures of ssp. hypogaea have the desirable characters for the crop improvement viz; various growth habits, profuse branching, large pod, seed dormancy and stress tolerance. Sequential flowering, early maturity, compact fruiting habit and high kernel outturn are the other useful characters present in ssp. fastigiata cultures. Mutation research in a popular variety, Spanish Improved belonging to ssp. fastigiata led to the selection of various mutants. One among the mutants had large pod, a characteristic of hypogaea ssp. Hybridization among the mutants and improved cultivars as well as radiation treatment of selected cultures resulted in the isolation of cultures having not only combinations and alterations of characters in both subspecies, but also modifications. These cultures are classified into major groups and their significance in the groundnut improvement is discussed. (author)

352

Managing emergent character-based narrative  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, we consider the role of narrative management in a character-based emergent narrative framework. The paper defines the problem and considers related work. It evaluates the role of the Game Master in non computer-based role-playing games and presents two initial implementations of a story facilitator within a character-based system using the FAtiMA agent architecture. Finally it considers what further work is required.

Aylett, Ruth; Louchart, Sandy

2008-01-01

353

Creation of a customised character recognition application  

OpenAIRE

This master’s thesis describes the work in creating a customised optical character recognition (OCR) application; intended for use in digitisation of theses submitted to the Uppsala University in the 18th and 19th centuries. For this purpose, an open source software called Gamera has been used for recognition and classification of the characters in the documents. The software provides specific algorithms for analysis of heritage documents and is designed to be used as a tool for creating do...

Sandgren, Frida

2005-01-01

354

Online Farsi Character Recognition Using Structural Features  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, grouping and recognition of online Farsi discrete characters are presented according to their structural features. The letters are divided into 9 groups based on the form and structure of their main bodies. After feature extraction, grouping is performed using a decision tree. Final recognition of letters is carried out in each group by delayed strokes. The proposed method is a rapid method in character recognition because time-consuming methods have not been used. Our proposed...

Vahid Ghods; Ehsanollah Kabir

2012-01-01

355

CHARACTER RECOGNITION APPROACH BASED ON ONTOLOGY  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we present a general description of a new character recognition process based on ontology, semantically annotated by a domain expert. Such process is based essentially on a matching step between two ontologies, the first represents a domain ontology, containing the typographical description of different characters represent an alphabet of a well definite language (Latin for example), the second ontology, describes the document in question in the form of concepts where each conc...

Hacene Belhadef; Aicha Eutamene; Mohamed Khireddine Kholadi

2011-01-01

356

Democratic Theory and the Question of Character  

OpenAIRE

This dissertation uses the history of political thought to shed light on the disconnect between the prominent place of judgments about the character in American democratic life, and the marginalized place of those judgments in contemporary democratic theory. By tracing the origins of that disconnect back into the history of political philosophy, and by locating an alternative approach to questions of character in the political and ethical writings of Aristotle, the dissertation brings out imp...

Nitsch, Michael

2012-01-01

357

Associating characters with events in films  

OpenAIRE

The work presented here combines the analysis of a film's audiovisual features with the analysis of an accompanying audio description. Specifically, we describe a technique for semantic-based indexing of feature films that associates character names with meaningful events. The technique fuses the results of event detection based on audiovisual features with the inferred on-screen presence of characters, based on an analysis of an audio description script. In an evaluation with 215 events from...

Salway, Andrew; Lehane, Bart; O Connor, Noel E.

2007-01-01

358

ECONOMIC ETHICS: APPLIED AND PROFESSIONAL CHARACTER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In given article economic ethics are considered as set of norms of behavior of the businessman, the requirements shown by a cultural society to its style of work, to character of dialogue between participants of business, to their social shape. The conclusion becomes that economic ethics have applied character in relation to theoretical, to obschenormativnoy ethics, hence, represent section of applied ethics. On the other hand, the specific standard maintenance characterizes economic ethics as ethics professional.

Ella Gordova

2012-01-01

359

Non-verbal Communication for Correlational Characters  

OpenAIRE

Social interaction is a key element of modern virtual environments. This paper discusses how non-verbal communication (or body language) is vital to real world social interaction, and how it is important to carry it over to virtual environments. It is not sufficient for a character to passively exhibit non-verbal communication; non-verbal communication should be a genuine interaction between a real and virtual person. To this aim the behaviour of the character should correlate realistically w...

Gillies, M.; Slater, M.

2005-01-01

360

Method of quantum characters in equivariant quantization  

CERN Document Server

Let $G$ be a reductive Lie group, $\\g$ its Lie algebra, and $M$ a $G$-manifold. Suppose $\\A_h(M)$ is a $\\U_h(\\g)$-equivariant quantization of the function algebra $\\A(M)$ on $M$. We develop a method of restricting $\\A_h(M)$ to the $\\U_h(\\g)$-equivariant quantization on $G$-orbits in $M$. We are concerned with those quantizations that may be simultaneously represented as subalgebras in $\\U^*_h(\\g)$ and quotients of $\\A_h(M)$. It turns out that they are in one-to-one correspondence with characters of the algebra $\\A_h(M)$. We specialize our approach to the situation $\\g=gl(n,\\C)$, $M=(\\C^n)$, and $\\A_h(M)$ the so-called reflection equation algebra associated with the representation of $\\U_h(\\g)$ on $\\C^n$. For this particular case, we present in an explicit form all possible quantizations of this type; they cover symmetric and bisymmetric orbits. We build a two-parameter deformation family and obtain, as a limit case, the $\\U(\\g)$-equivariant quantization of the Kirillov-Kostant-Souriau bracket on symmetric orb...

Donin, J

2003-01-01

361

Understanding Islamic Ethics and Its Significance on the Character Building  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most critical challenge facing Muslim today is the lack of the spiritual ethical dimension of life, and one of the most powerful means to overcome this problem is the adherence to the code of ethics. This paper attempts at clarifying the concept of Islamic ethics as a basic pillar for a healthy society. It explains about the need of ethics for the development of individual and society, and its significance on the character building. The author tries to present ethics as the counter part of other sciences, such as, law, politics, science, economics, and others for such sciences become soulless or insignificant if detached from ethics. The paper concludes that Muslim character should develop along with Islamic ethics and its application into daily affairs of Muslims’ lives should be given its due attention.

Adibah Binti Abdul Rahim

2013-11-01

362

The Development of Narrative Identity in Late Adolescence and Emergent Adulthood: The Continued Importance of Listeners  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on narrative identity in late adolescence and early adulthood has not extensively examined how conversational storytelling affects the development of narrative identity. This is a major gap, given the importance of this age period for narrative identity development and the clear importance of parent-child conversations in the development…

Pasupathi, Monisha; Hoyt, Timothy

2009-01-01

363

An investigation of career change using a narrative and story-telling inquiry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: The role of the career change experience has been investigated in this research. Understanding career change will assist with organisational interventions for the support and retention of employees.Research purpose: The study explores the factors that influence career change amongst a sample of distance learners.Motivation for the study: Distance learning is becoming popular in South Africa as individuals can work and learn simultaneously. Some people use distance learning to facilitate career change.Research design, approach and method: A narrative and storytelling inquiry was used. Data was obtained through unstructured interviews by purposive sampling.Main findings: Sources of career change included personal growth and ambition, and structural changes in relation to current work. The career change experience was found through participants’ stories and narratives to influence individual well-being. Finally, distance learning was favoured as a vehicle for career change for its flexibility and low cost.Practical/managerial implications: Organisations will benefit from an understanding of employee career change experiences as identified in this study. Arising from this, support and retention interventions can be put in place.Contribution/value-add: The research study shifts attention to career change as part of the career decision-making process. This focus is an emerging area of inquiry in the careers literature. This adds to the body of knowledge by identifying, in a South African context, the factors influencing career change and the impact of this on the individual. Interventions for individuals and organisations are suggested.

Willie T. Chinyamurindi

2012-12-01

364

Attitudes of the Students Studying at Kafkas University Private Primary EFL Classroom towards Storytelling and Motivation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to determine their motivation for learning English as a foreign language;their preferred learning activities; and, in particular, their attitudes towards learningEnglish through the medium of storytelling, a questionnaire was administered to 21students from the 4th year of Kafkas University private primary school in Kars, Turkey.The results show that both story telling and grammar were perceived as very enjoyableby a majority of the participants, 71.43% and 52.38% respectively. Audio and visualteaching aids and comprehension questions were found to make a substantialcontribution towards facilitating understanding of the stories. The participantsdemonstrated various types of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation towards learningEnglish, in particular the belief that English would be useful, in some unspecified way,in the future (52.38% of respondents. The most popular learning activities were foundto be first language games, second acting out the stories, and third the storiesthemselves. The least popular learning activities were found to be tests and writing.However, 47.62% of participants specified that they did not dislike any of their learningactivities. The pedagogical implications of the findings are discussed.

Gencer Elk?l?ç

2008-04-01

365

Developing Cultural Responsiveness in Environmental Design Students through Digital Storytelling and Photovoice  

Science.gov (United States)

As the Latino population in the United States grows, it will become increasingly important for undergraduate students in environmental design and related disciplines to become more culturally responsive and learn how to understand and address challenges faced by population groups, such as Latino youth. To this end, we involved environmental…

Cushing, Debra Flanders; Love, Emily Wexler

2013-01-01

366

Getting Back on Track: The Importance of Play and Storytelling in Young Children’s Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this interview, Vivian Paley describes how her curiosity and love of young children led her to work in early childhood education. She shares some of her own learning experiences with children that eventually resulted in her writing 13 books. As children go to school earlier, there is less and less time for play. This dramatic play and re-enactment is critical for children and constitutes an "original level playing field" in classrooms with wide diversity in culture and language. Finally, she explains that the most important characteristic of an excellent early childhood teacher is that of valuing kindness, in order to create a classroom that is fair and inclusive.

Vivian Gussin Paley

2013-12-01

367

Getting Back on Track: The Importance of Play and Storytelling in Young Children’s Development  

OpenAIRE

In this interview, Vivian Paley describes how her curiosity and love of young children led her to work in early childhood education. She shares some of her own learning experiences with children that eventually resulted in her writing 13 books. As children go to school earlier, there is less and less time for play. This dramatic play and re-enactment is critical for children and constitutes an "original level playing field" in classrooms with wide diversity in culture and language. Finally, s...

Vivian Gussin Paley

2013-01-01

368

Effect of laser irradiation on the productive characters of hemp  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Laboratory and field investigations were made of assessing the effect produced by laser irradiation on hump productive characters. Four variants of laser treatment were tested - hellium-neon laser with 632,8 nm for 15 and 30 min, and nitrogen laser with 225 and 450 impulses. Laser treatment improved the sowing qualities of the seeds, the plants were more vigorous and the phases of development were shorter. Both seed and stem yields increased considerably

369

Mirror Neurons, the Development of Empathy, and Digital Story Telling  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the intersection of work in media education, religious education, concerns about digital cultures' impact on human relationality, and the possible role that mirror neurons might play in the development of empathy. Digital story telling--particularly as embodied in the work of the Center for Digital Storytelling…

Hess, Mary

2012-01-01

370

On Tuning the Bad-Character Rule: the Worst-Character Rule  

CERN Document Server

In this note we present the worst-character rule, an efficient variation of the bad-character heuristic for the exact string matching problem, firstly introduced in the well-known Boyer-Moore algorithm. Our proposed rule selects a position relative to the current shift which yields the largest average advancement, according to the characters distribution in the text. Experimental results show that the worst-character rule achieves very good results especially in the case of long patterns or small alphabets in random texts and in the case of texts in natural languages.

Cantone, Domenico

2010-01-01

371

Identification of Matra Region and Overlapping Characters for OCR of Printed Bengali Scripts  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the important reasons for poor recognition rate in optical character recognition (OCR) system is the error in character segmentation. In case of Bangla scripts, the errors occur due to several reasons, which include incorrect detection of matra (headline), over-segmentation and under-segmentation. We have proposed a robust method for detecting the headline region. Existence of overlapping characters (in under-segmented parts) in scanned printed documents is a major problem in designing an effective character segmentation procedure for OCR systems. In this paper, a predictive algorithm is developed for effectively identifying overlapping characters and then selecting the cut-borders for segmentation. Our method can be successfully used in achieving high recognition result.

Goswami, Subhra Sundar

372

Breeding in Salix. Genetics of quantitative characters  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Successful breeding of new crops, such as Salix, depends upon knowledge about the genetics of quantitative traits. To obtain such knowledge, clonal material of three Salix species was used for three different series of tests that revealed clonal variation and g x e interaction. Vegetatively propagated offspring from a factorial crossing with eight males and eight females of S. viminalis were planted in two pairs of contrasting environments: soil environments and nutrient environments. Additive genetic variance varied for all characters studied, so that recurrent selection programs can be used to improve desirable traits, especially growth related traits such as dry matter content, wood specific gravity, days for budburst, growth cessation, rust and insect susceptibility and for growth traits such as weight, diameter, height and number of shoots. Non-additive variation was also found, which can be used for further improvement in growth characters by means of specific crossings, clonal selection and vegetative propagation. G x e interaction was essentially found only for the growth characters. For soil-type, the g x e interaction decreased with age of plants, whereas for nutrient availability, the opposite occurred. Problems with g x e interactions can be handled by selecting within specific environments where the effects of the g x e interaction is low or by selecting for genotypes with wide adaptability. Genetic correlations between growth characters changed between environments, but in optimal environments, similar correlations were found. A strong negative genetic correlation was detected between the growth character plant weight and days to budburst, which indicates the importance of an early budburst for production of biomass. Rust infection and insect infestation also affected growth characters negatively. In a mathematical simulation of selection for rust resistance and insect damage the correlation between growth characters changed. 59 refs, 4 figs, 8 tabs

Roennberg-Waestljung, A.C.

1996-10-01

373

Oral storytelling and national kinship: Reflections on the oral narrative performance in the Kenya Schools and Colleges Drama Festivals  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The story, in the form of the oral narrative, has always been a communalizing genre in the traditional African setting. It then functioned as a tool that brings together not only the artist and the particular audience, but also the entire community within which the performances are derived and perfo [...] rmed. However, postcolonial, modern and global situations have greatly impacted on the traditional kinship structures in Africa and kinship fostering tools like the African oral narrative have not been spared. The introduction of the oral storytelling onto the proscenium stage in the Kenya Schools and Colleges Drama Festivals (KSCDF) has contributed to perpetuate the performance of this genre to significant degrees. This move has not only recalled attention to oral narratives, but also has revolutionized the performance and functional aspects of oral storytelling. Various aspects of the oral narrative genre have changed, from the multi-ethnic audience to the elaborate narrative structures and the varying orientations of the oral artists in KSCDF. The dramatic elements of the narrative have also been enhanced to justify its inclusion within the wider dramatic genre. This article investigates the structural and thematic reorientations of the contemporary Kenyan oral narrative and how it influences the reorientations of kinship in a postcolonial reality characterized by heterogeneous consumer audience and the need for national commonality. The aim is to understand the reorientations of oral storytelling and its scripted machinations of multi-ethnicity woven into the narrative as part of its contemporarily requisite features; the question is whether or not these reorientations enable the ideological adoption of some form of kinship across the diverse ethnic groups in Kenya

Rose A., Opondo.

2014-01-01

374

Morphological Characters of Some Exotic Sugarcane Varieties  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Six exotic varieties of sugarcane (CP84-1198, CP85-1491, CP88-1165, CP77-400, CP89-846, TCP86-3368 planted at the National Agricultural Research Centre during 1998-99 were described for their morphological characters. All the varieties greatly varied in different characters. Mean leaf length, number of green leaves and width of leaf lamina/blade was different in different varieties. These varieties also differed in leaf sheath colour, carriage, and other leaf characters. Shape of the dewlap, its size and colour, shape of ligule and ligular process or auricle was also different. All the varieties varied in diameter of the stalks, colour of the stalks, shape of internode, bud groove characters, width and colour of growth ring, width and colour of root zone and wax band characters. Ivory markings were present on stalks of all the varieties. All the varieties were similar in bud size, but different in shapes of the bud, some having flanges and some without flanges. Position of the germ pore on the bud was also different in all the varieties.

Maqbool Akhtar

2001-01-01

375

Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis  

CERN Document Server

High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zipf's law in a similar pattern to natural languages, whereas tunneled traffic has more evenly distributed character frequencies. This approach allows tunnels to be detected across multiple domains, whereas previous methods typically concentrate on monitoring point to point systems. Anomalies are quickly discovered when tunneled traffic is compared to the character frequency fingerprint of legitimate domain traffic.

Born, Kenton

2010-01-01

376

Trivalent graphs, volume conjectures and character varieties  

CERN Document Server

The generalized volume conjecture and the AJ conjecture (a.k.a. the quantum volume conjecture) are extended to $U_q(sl_2)$ colored quantum invariants of trivalent graphs. The SL(2,C) character variety of the fundamental group of the complement of a trivalent graph with $E$ edges in $S^3$ is a Lagrangian subvariety of the Hitchin moduli space over the Riemann surface of genus $g=E/3+1$. The configuration of the character variety is locally determined by large color asymptotics of the quantum invariants of the trivalent graph in terms of complex Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Moreover, the q-holonomic difference equation of the quantum invariants provides the quantization of the character variety. In particular, we investigate both the conjectures for the theta and tetrahedron graphs.

Nawata, Satoshi; Zodinmawia,

2014-01-01

377

Trivalent Graphs, Volume Conjectures and Character Varieties  

Science.gov (United States)

The generalized volume conjecture and the AJ conjecture (a.k.a. the quantum volume conjecture) are extended to colored quantum invariants of the theta and tetrahedron graph. The character variety of the fundamental group of the complement of a trivalent graph with E edges in S 3 is a Lagrangian subvariety of the Hitchin moduli space over the Riemann surface of genus g = E/3 + 1. For the theta and tetrahedron graph, we conjecture that the configuration of the character variety is locally determined by large color asymptotics of the quantum invariants of the trivalent graph in terms of complex Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Moreover, the q-holonomic difference equation of the quantum invariants provides the quantization of the character variety.

Nawata, Satoshi; Pichai, Ramadevi; Zodinmawia

2014-10-01

378

'An Absolute Monarch in His School': Images of Teacher Authority in the Seventeenth-Century English Character Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the development of the British educational system and perceptions of teacher's classroom roles. Focuses on pedagogical teaching methods of 17th century English character literature in character education development. Concludes that this era of teachers demonstrated an interest in the complexities of the learning process. (KDR)

Christen, Richard S.

2001-01-01

379

Reverse mathematics and properties of finite character  

CERN Document Server

We study the reverse mathematics of the principle stating that, for every property of finite character, every set of natural numbers has a maximal subset satisfying the property. In the context of set theory, this variant of Tukey's lemma is equivalent to the axiom of choice. We study its behavior in the context of second-order arithmetic, and give a full characterization of the strength of the principle in terms of the quantifier structure of the formula defining the property. We then study the interaction between properties of finite character and finitary closure operators, and the interaction between these properties and a class of nondeterministic closure operators which we introduce.

Dzhafarov, Damir D

2011-01-01

380

Presentation Theorems for Coded Character Sets  

CERN Document Server

The notion of 'presentation', as used in combinatorial group theory, is applied to coded character sets(CCSs) - sets which facilitate the interchange of messages in a digital computer network(DCN) . By grouping each element of the set into two portions and using the idea of group presentation(whereby a group is specified by its set of generators and its set of relators), the presentation of a CCS is described. This is illustrated using the Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code(EBCDIC) which is one of the most popular CCSs in DCNs. Key words: Group presentation, coded character set, digital computer network

Oluwade, D

2006-01-01

381

An Optical Character Recognition for Handwritten Devanagari Script  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Optical Character Recognition is process of recognition of character from scanned document and lots of OCR now available in the market. But most of these systems work for Roman, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters . There are no sufficient number of work on Indian language script like Devanagari so this paper present a review on optical character recognition on handwritten Devanagari script.

Trupti R. Zalke

2015-01-01

382

Similarities and Differences of Preferred Traits in Character Education Programs by Ethnicity and Class According to Parents, Faculty/Staff, and Students at Two Middle Schools in California  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides two perspectives on the various character traits provided by character education programs by comparing the voices of minority and lower-lower middle class stakeholders with those of upper middle class stakeholders. The literature on the values and virtues based approaches to moral development and character education were…

Boen, Jennifer

2010-01-01

383

Wings and bristles: character specificity of the asymmetry phenotype in insecticide-resistant strains of Lucilia cuprina.  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the hypothesis that observed higher levels of asymmetry displayed by insecticide-resistance genotypes of Lucilia cuprina are restricted to bristle characters, due to the action of resistance genes in bristle cell development, rather than through the disruption of genomic coadaptation. We compared the level of asymmetry of three bristle characters and three wing characters in non-modified and modified-resistance genotypes. Consistent with previous studies, resistance genotypes ...

Clarke, G. M.; Yen, J. L.; Mckenzie, J. A.

2000-01-01

384

A New Experiment on Bengali Character Recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a method to use View based approach in Bangla Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system providing reduced data set to the ANN classification engine rather than the traditional OCR methods. It describes how Bangla characters are processed, trained and then recognized with the use of a Backpropagation Artificial neural network. This is the first published account of using a segmentation-free optical character recognition system for Bangla using a view based approach. The methodology presented here assumes that the OCR pre-processor has presented the input images to the classification engine described here. The size and the font face used to render the characters are also significant in both training and classification. The images are first converted into greyscale and then to binary images; these images are then scaled to a fit a pre-determined area with a fixed but significant number of pixels. The feature vectors are then formed extracting the characteristics points, which in this case is simply a series of 0s and 1s of fixed length. Finally, an artificial neural network is chosen for the training and classification process.

Barman, Sumana; Bhattacharyya, Debnath; Jeon, Seung-Whan; Kim, Tai-Hoon; Kim, Haeng-Kon

385

Educating for Character in the Sexual Domain  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in American sexual behavior brought about by the sexual revolution have been linked to the breakdown of the family and other social ills. Because sex has profound consequences for self, others, and society, sex education is an important part of character education. Sexual abstinence before marriage is associated with better physical and…

Lickona, Thomas

2013-01-01

386

Strong Female Characters in Recent Children's Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Shares the authors' criteria for evaluating female characters as positive role models in children's literature. Explores the criteria by examining "The Ballad of Lucy Wipple" (Karen Cushman). Discusses other recently published picture books and novels which feature strong females in history, in contemporary times, and in fantasy. (SR)

Heine, Pat; Inkster, Christine; Kazemek, Frank; Williams, Sandra; Raschke, Sylvia; Stevens, Della

1999-01-01

387

Generalized characters of the symmetric group  

CERN Document Server

Normalized irreducible characters of the symmetric group S(n) can be understood as zonal spherical functions of the Gelfand pair $(S(n)\\times S(n),\\Diag S(n))$. They form an orthogonal basis in the space of the functions on the group S(n) invariant with respect to conjugations by S(n). In this paper we consider a different Gelfand pair connected with the symmetric group, that is an ``unbalanced'' Gelfand pair $(S(n)\\times S(n-1),\\Diag S(n-1))$. Zonal spherical functions of this Gelfand pair form an orthogonal basis in a larger space of functions on S(n), namely in the space of functions invariant with respect to conjugations by $S(n-1)$. We refer to these zonal spherical functions as normalized \\textit{generalized} characters of S(n). The main discovery of the present paper is that these generalized characters can be computed on the same level as the irreducible characters of the symmetric group. The paper gives a Murnaghan-Nakayama type rule, a Frobenius type formula, and an analogue of the determinantal for...

Strahov, E

2006-01-01

388

Building Composite Characters on a Postscript Printer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Procedures enabling the placement of diacritical markings over a character for printing in PostScript fonts on an Apple LaserWriter printer are described. The procedures involve some programming in the PostScript Language and manipulation of Adobe PostScript fonts. It is assumed that Microsoft Word will be used to create the text to be printed.…

Gothard, James E.

389

The inaccuracy of national character stereotypes.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Ro?. 47, ?. 6 (2013), s. 831-842. ISSN 0092-6566 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA13-25656S Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : national character * stereotypes * Five-Factor Model of Personality Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 2.011, year: 2013

McCrae, R. R.; Chan, W.; Jussim, L.; De Fruyt, F.; Löckenhoff, C.E.; De Bolle, M.; Costa Jr., P.T.; H?ebí?ková, Martina; Graf, Sylvie; Realo, A.; Allik, J.; Nakazato, K.; Shimonaka, Y.; Yik, M.; Ficková, E.; Brunner-Sciarra, M.; Reátigui, N.; Leibovich de Figueroa, N.; Schmidt, V.; Ahn, Ch.; Ahn, H.; Aguilar-Vafaie, M.E.; Siuta, J.; Szmigielska, B.; Cain, T.R.; Crawford, J.T.; Mastor, K.A.; Rolland, J. P.; Nansubuga, F.; Miramontez, D.R.; Benet-Martínez, V.; Rossier, J.; Bratko, D.; Maruši?, I.; Halberstadt, J.; Yamaguchi, N.; Kneževi?, G.; Puri?, D.; Martin, T. A.; Gheorghiu, M.; Smith, P.B.; Barbaranelli, C.; Wang, L.; Shakespeare-Finch, J.; Lima, M.P.; Klinkosz, W.; Sekowski, A.; Alcalay, L.; Simonetti, F.; Avdeyeva, T.V.; Pramila, V.S.; Terracciano, A.

2013-01-01

390

Theoretical reflections on Wilhelm Reich's Character Analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ideas contained in Wilhelm Reich's Character Analysis, while very influential, have not been thoroughly exploited in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. These ideas, aimed particularly at producing genuine change rather than mere intellectual understanding, are reexamined. Further implications of them are discussed. PMID:12400201

Shapiro, David

2002-01-01

391

The Problem of Loyalty in Teaching Character  

Science.gov (United States)

In the last year, two prominent, famous, and revered coaches, Jim Tressel and Joe Paterno, committed disastrous lapses of ethics. Both coaches preached that sport and athletics build character. They either taught ethics or leadership courses at their institutions or were exemplars of ethical behavior in their personal and professional lives. Both…

Stoll, Sharon K.

2012-01-01

392

Alexithymia, Temperament and Character Characteristics in Women with bromyalgia Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Somatic and psychic symptoms are seen in the fibromyalgia syndrome. And it is suggested that these psychic factors plays an important role in the clinical presentation of this syndrome. This study was planned to understand fibromyalgia through investigating the role of alexthymia, temperemant and character in the clinic of this illness. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinic on 36 women with fibromyalgia syndrome and 34 healthy women. The subjects were evaluated by the Temperament and Character Inventory, the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Beck Depression Scale, and sociodemographic data form.Results: These two groups were similar to each other in terms of age, years of education, and marital and economical status. Harm avoidance subscale, persistence, depression and alexithymia scores were higher in the fibromyalgia syndrome group compared to the healthy control group. A statistically significant correlation was detected between harm avoidance scores and depression scores in the fibromyalgia group.Conclusion: After determination of character and temperament characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia, pharmacological agents especially increasing the serotonin levels should be used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. At the same time, the prevalence of alexithymic personality should be kept in mind, and coping strategies for strengthening the patient’s vocabulary and revealing his/her emotions should be developed. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:105-10.

Ali Hikmet Kayar

2010-10-01

393

Standard sister clade comparison fails when testing derived character States.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparing species richness in sister clades that differ in a character state is one of the ways to study factors influencing diversification. While most of its applications have focussed on traits that increase diversification, some have been used to study the association of a trait with lower species richness, e.g., the occurrence of dioecy in flowering plants. We show here, using simulations and an analytical model, that the null expectation of equal species richness that is generally used in sister clade comparisons is wrong in the case of a derived trait occurring independently from speciation: one should expect fewer species in the clade with the derived character state when there is no difference in diversification rates. This is due to the waiting time for the derived state to appear, which causes it to occur more often on longer branches. This has the important implication that the probability for a clade to possess the derived state depends on the tree geometry, and thus on species richness: species-poorer clades are more likely to possess the derived state. We develop a statistical test for sister clade comparisons to study the effect of a derived character state. Applying it to a data set of dioecious clades, we find that we cannot confirm earlier work that concluded that dioecy decreases diversification; on the contrary, it seems to be associated to higher species richness than expected. [angiosperms; dioecy; diversification; sister clades; species richness.]. PMID:24671619

Käfer, Jos; Mousset, Sylvain

2014-07-01

394

Digital Narrative and the Humanities: An Evaluation of the Use of Digital Storytelling in an Australian Undergraduate Literary Studies Program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A growing number of university teachers advocate the benefits of multimedia and digital technologies in their classrooms. Such technologies are promoted: as a means to ensure the relevance of subject disciplines; and, as tools of engagement to assist students to meet their learning outcomes. Digital storytelling or narration is one example of how educators can utilise technology to introduce innovative teaching methods. In its broadest sense, digital narration involves using digital resources in learning environments for the production by students of multimedia narratives. This paper reports on the results, over a two-year period, of an evaluation of the use of digital narratives in an advanced undergraduate unit on contemporary Australian literature in one Australian university. The evaluation explored students’ and the teacher’s experiences of digital storytelling. In particular, it examined participants’ satisfaction with and anxieties about the use of digital narratives. It also considered the issues that the use of digital narratives raises vis-à-vis the constructive alignment with the themes, aims, and objectives of the unit, as well as the kinds and levels of technical training and assistance required to support students and staff. The results of this evaluation will be of interest to academics considering the use of multimedia technologies in their undergraduate classes.

Robert Garth Hipkins Clarke

2012-07-01

395

Influence of presowing laser radiation on spring wheat characters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of the research was to determine the effect of two methods (D and R and 6 doses of laser treatment on 10 genotypes of spring wheat in the conditions of 2-factor field experiment. The method of randomised blocks with the use of point sowing was applied. During the vegetation the phases of development were observed in both the control plants and the plants exposed to different doses of laser rays. The fully mature plants were harvested. The plants chosen randomly from each individual field were evaluated in terms of 11 morphological characters determining the yield of a grain crop: plant height, total and productive tillering, ear length and ear density, number of spikletes, plant yield (number and weight of grain, ear yield and 1000 grain weight. The obtained results were analysed statistically. The variance analysis showed significant differences among cultivars, and the dose interaction with such morphological characters as the ear length and its density. The Duncan test was applied in order to determine homogeneous groups. The method of exposure to the laser light D (4x10-3J/cm2 significantly increased the ear length of the treated plants vs. the ear length of the control plants, whereas the method R (4x10-5J/cm2 significantly shortened the length of an ear. The D method largely lowered the value of ear density whereas the R method increased the ear density of the exposed plants vs. the same character of the control plants. The reaction of cultivars for both characters, ear length and ear density, was differentiated.

Szajsner H.

1999-03-01

396

Evaluation Model of the Entrepreneurial Character in EU Countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evidence of entrepreneurship development as a factor of sustainable growth at national and regional level frequently calls for the interest of theorists and practitioners on identifying and outlining the best conditions and economic essential prerequisites for supporting the entrepreneurial initiatives on the long term. In this context, the objective of the present research is to analyse and measure the entrepreneurial character of the European Union member countries in an integrated manner, by developing an innovative model for proposing specific action lines and objectively evaluating the entrepreneurship development in the investigated states. Our model is based on a synthesis variable of the entrepreneurial national character, which was developed by sequential application of principal component analysis, while the initial variables are from secondary sources with good conceptual representativeness. Depending on the objective relevance of the three model components (cultural, economic and administrative, and entrepreneurial education components, the achieved results confirm the importance of a favourable cultural and economic and administrative background for entrepreneurship development and they reiterate the inefficiency of isolated entrepreneurial education unless supported by good entrepreneurial culture or adequate economic and administrative infrastructure. The case of Romania, in relation with the European Union member countries, is presented in detail.

Sebastian Madalin Munteanu

2015-02-01

397

Beyond the deficit model: bullying and trajectories of character virtues in adolescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous work on peer victimization has focused primarily on academic outcomes and negative indicators of youth involved in bullying. Few studies have taken a strength-based approach to examine attributes associated with bullies and victims of bullying. As such, we examined developmental trajectories of moral, performance, and civic character components, and their links to bully status using data from 713 youth (63% female) who participated in Wave 3 (approximately Grade 7) through Wave 6 (approximately Grade 10) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that moral character was stable across waves, whereas civic character increased slightly by Wave 6. Trajectories for performance character varied; some youth alternatively displayed positive versus negative growth. Youth who reported bullying behavior reported lower initial levels of moral, performance, and civic character as compared to youth not involved in bullying. Bully-victims reported lower initial levels of moral and civic character as compared to youth not involved in bullying. Implications for future work examining character-related components in the context of peer victimization are discussed. PMID:24531881

Hilliard, Lacey J; Bowers, Edmond P; Greenman, Kathleen N; Hershberg, Rachel M; Geldhof, G John; Glickman, Samantha A; Lerner, Jacqueline V; Lerner, Richard M

2014-06-01

398

Time Efficient Approach To Offline Hand Written Character Recognition Using Associative Memory Net  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, an efficient Offline Hand Written Character Recognition algorithm is proposed based on Associative Memory Net (AMN). The AMN used in this work is basically auto associative. The implementation is carried out completely in 'C' language. To make the system perform to its best with minimal computation time, a Parallel algorithm is also developed using an API package OpenMP. Characters are mainly English alphabets (Small (26), Capital (26)) collected from system (...

Dash, Tirtharaj

2013-01-01

399

RECOGNITION OF HANDWRITTEN CHARACTER BASED ON WREDF AND NEURAL NETWORK CLASSIFIERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, efforts have been made to develop Automatic Handwritten Character Recognition System with high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time. The proposed approach consists of two stages: i Extraction of Relative Energy Distribution Feature based on wavelet transform, ii classification of different handwritten characters using Back Propagation Neural Network. Experimental results show that the proposed approach gives the high recognition accuracy, minimum training and classification time.

SUROJIT SAHA,

2011-06-01

400

A Comparative Study using Wavelet and SVM for Devanagri Characters Recognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a wavelet-based approach for recognizing handwritten and printed Devnagari characters. In this paper we have used wavelet for feature extraction of the character. We have developed six handwritten data feature sets and six printed data feature set ,each dataset is divided in four part for our experimentation. We have also used wavelet kernels and regular kernels in SVM classification. Each SVM kernel is applied on total 12 x4=48 feature datasets.

Anil Kumar N. Holambe

2010-12-01

401

Experimental Study on the Mechanics Character of Lava in the Area of Xujiaweizi  

OpenAIRE

The Xujiaweizi rift in the north of Songliao Basin is the largest volcanic gas reservoir in China, and because themechanics character of lava largely influences the production and development of the oil field, so it is necessary tomake clear the mechanics character of laves in this area. After analyzing the lava lithology of the Daqing Xujiaweizi,taking the rock mechanics and the elastic mechanics as the theoretical base, six kinds of representative lava mechanicscharacters in this area are t...

Xu Zhang 2

2009-01-01

402

Contribution to automatic handwritten characters recognition. Application to optical moving characters recognition  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes a research work on computer aided vision relating to the design of a vision system which can recognize isolated handwritten characters written on a mobile support. We use a technique which consists in analyzing information contained in the contours of the polygon circumscribed to the character's shape. These contours are segmented and labelled to give a new set of features constituted by: - right and left 'profiles', - topological and algebraic unvarying properties. A new method of character's recognition induced from this representation based on a multilevel hierarchical technique is then described. In the primary level, we use a fuzzy classification with dynamic programming technique using 'profiles'. The other levels adjust the recognition by using topological and algebraic unvarying properties. Several results are presented and an accuracy of 99 pc was reached for handwritten numeral characters, thereby attesting the robustness of our algorithm. (author)

403

Contadores de histórias: práticas discursivas e violência de gênero Storytelling: discursive practices and gender violence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo analisa uma oficina de contadores de histórias, uma intervenção fundamentada nos referenciais das narrativas orais, que ocorreu em uma organização não governamental sediada no Município de São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A oficina foi construída em três momentos, compreendendo: a narração de uma história com o foco em violência de gênero, a discussão da narrativa e a realização de pinturas corporais. O referencial usado foi o das práticas discursivas e, nas falas dos oficineiros, foram identificados pelo menos dois repertórios interpretativos: um deles pautado na categoria gênero e o outro, ancorado na cotidianidade e na rememoração das histórias de vida dos participantes. Além dos repertórios, ressaltamos a variabilidade manifesta nas contradições e nas incongruências que permearam os diálogos presentes nas argumentações. As narrativas, enquanto ferramentas para trabalhar com mulheres em situação de violência, têm sido pouco exploradas, sobretudo como possibilidade de intervenção em saúde coletiva. Nesta pesquisa, as histórias foram analisadas como possíveis estratégias para enfrentar as desigualdades de gênero, mostrando-se uma ferramenta analítica poderosa para avaliar ações de saúde coletiva.This paper analyzes a storytelling workshop, an intervention based on the referential elements of oral narratives, held at an NGO in São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The workshop was divided into three different stages: narration of a story with a focus on gender violence, a discussion based on the narrative, and an activity with body painting. The theoretical framework was based on discursive practices, and when workshop participants' discourse was assessed, at least two interpretive repertories were identified: one based on the gender category and the other on everyday life and recollections from participants' life stories. There was also considerable variety in the arguments, manifested in the contradictions and incongruence permeating the discourse. Narratives used as tools to work with abused women (especially for public health interventions have received little attention thus far. In the current study, stories were analyzed as possible strategies to deal with gender inequalities, a powerful analytical tool for evaluating public health actions.

Stela Nazareth Meneghel

2007-08-01

404

Leaf Characters Within Tribe Trifolieae (Family Leguminosae  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leaf macro- and micro-morphological characters in 31 species distributed over four genera belonging to tibe trifolieae have been studied by both light and scanning microscope. Six groups have been distinguished according to type of leaves, trichome presence and type of hairs. All the studied species are amphistomatic with either paracytic, diacytic or anomocytic stomata. Brachyparacytic has been recorded in Ononis pubescens only. The epidermal cells are isodiametric or elongated with straight, undulated or wavy anticlinal walls. The data obtained support the separation of the genera Ononis and Trifolium each in a group of its own. Trigonella species are all glabrous and become very easily recognized by their leaf characters.

Wafaa K. Taia

2004-01-01

405

CHARACTER RECOGNITION APPROACH BASED ON ONTOLOGY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we present a general description of a new character recognition process based on ontology, semantically annotated by a domain expert. Such process is based essentially on a matching step between two ontologies, the first represents a domain ontology, containing the typographical description of different characters represent an alphabet of a well definite language (Latin for example, the second ontology, describes the document in question in the form of concepts where each concept represents a grapheme located in a -defined order in the document. In this work we consider that there is a robust extraction module of primitives that will serve us to instantiate our ontology, by the different graphemes and their spatial relationships that exist in the processed document.

Hacene Belhadef

2011-01-01

406

On the Wave Character of the Electron  

CERN Document Server

A classical model of the electron based on Maxwell's equations is presented in which the wave character is described by classical physics. It uses a circulating massless electric charge field which moves in the spherical background of its own synchrotron radiation. A finite bound system exists which explains the features of the electron, and the wave character of this system yields a tight connection between the classical and the quantum mechanic world. The size of the object follows from the magnetic moment, and the finite synchrotron radiation requests a quantum mechanic core with a size given by the angular momentum. The mass of the particle follows from the internal movement with speed of light. The system appears in the external world as a standing wave with an amplitude propagating like the de Broglie wave.

Poelz, G

2012-01-01

407

On the total character of finite groups  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For a finite group $G$, we study the total character $tau_G$ afforded by the direct sum of all the non-isomorphic irreducible complex representations of $G$. We resolve for several classes of groups (the Camina $p$-groups, the generalized Camina $p$-groups, the groups which admit $(G,Z(G$ as a generalized Camina pair, the problem of existence of a polynomial $f(x in mathbb{Q}[x]$ such that $f(chi = tau_G$ for some irreducible character $chi$ of $G$. As a consequence, we completely determine the $p$-groups of order at most $p^5$ (with $p$ odd which admit such a polynomial. We deduce the characterization that these are the groups $G$ for which $Z(G$ is cyclic and $(G,Z(G$ is a generalized Camina pair and, we conjecture that this holds good for $p$-groups of any order.

Sunil Kumar Prajapati

2014-09-01

408

Supersymmetric QFT, Super Loop Spaces and Bismut-Chern Character  

CERN Document Server

We construct the Bismut-Chern character form associated to a complex vector bundle with connection over a smooth manifold in the framework of supersymmetric quantum field theories developed by Stolz and Teichner [ST04]. We show that this differential form comes up via a loop-deloop process when one goes from $1|1$D theory over a manifold to $0|1$D theory over its loop space by crossing with the standard circle. The super loop space is used in our construction.

Han, Fei

2007-01-01

409

Harmonic Skeleton for Realistic Character Animation  

OpenAIRE

Current approaches to skeleton generation are based on topological and geometrical information only; this can be insufficient for realistic character animation, since the location of the joints does not usually match the real bone structure of the model. This paper proposes the use of anatomical information to enhance the skeleton. Using a harmonic function, this information can be recovered from the skeleton itself, which is guaranteed not to have undesired endpoints. The skeleton is compute...

Aujay, Gre?goire; He?troy, Franck; Lazarus, Francis; Depraz, Christine

2007-01-01

410

Detecting DNS Tunnels Using Character Frequency Analysis  

OpenAIRE

High-bandwidth covert channels pose significant risks to sensitive and proprietary information inside company networks. Domain Name System (DNS) tunnels provide a means to covertly infiltrate and exfiltrate large amounts of information passed network boundaries. This paper explores the possibility of detecting DNS tunnels by analyzing the unigram, bigram, and trigram character frequencies of domains in DNS queries and responses. It is empirically shown how domains follow Zip...

Born, Kenton; Gustafson, David

2010-01-01

411

Teaching Bayesian Behaviours to Video Game Characters  

OpenAIRE

This article explores an application of Bayesian programming to behaviours for synthetic video games characters. We address the problem of real-time reactive selection of elementary behaviours for an agent playing a first person shooter game. We show how Bayesian programming can lead to condensed and easier formalisation of finite state machine-like behaviour selection, and lend itself to learning by imitation, in a fully transparent way for the player.

Le Hy, Ronan; Arrigoni, Anthony; Bessiere, Pierre; Lebeltel, Olivier

2004-01-01

412

On the Quantitative Genetics of Mixture Characters  

OpenAIRE

Finite mixture models are helpful for uncovering heterogeneity due to hidden structure. Quantitative genetics issues of continuous characters having a finite mixture of Gaussian components as statistical distribution are explored in this article. The partition of variance in a mixture, the covariance between relatives under the supposition of an additive genetic model, and the offspring–parent regression are derived. Formulas for assessing the effect of mass selection operating on a mixture...

Gianola, Daniel; Heringstad, Bjorg; Odegaard, Jorgen

2006-01-01

413

Presentation Theorems for Coded Character Sets  

OpenAIRE

The notion of 'presentation', as used in combinatorial group theory, is applied to coded character sets(CCSs) - sets which facilitate the interchange of messages in a digital computer network(DCN) . By grouping each element of the set into two portions and using the idea of group presentation(whereby a group is specified by its set of generators and its set of relators), the presentation of a CCS is described. This is illustrated using the Extended Binary Coded Decimal Inter...

Oluwade, Dele

2006-01-01

414

The Many Faces of a Character  

CERN Document Server

We prove an identity between three infinite families of polynomials which are defined in terms of `bosonic', `fermionic', and `one-dimensional configuration' sums. In the limit where the polynomials become infinite series, they give different-looking expressions for the characters of the two integrable representations of the affine $su(2)$ algebra at level one. We conjecture yet another fermionic sum representation for the polynomials which is constructed directly from the Bethe-Ansatz solution of the Heisenberg spin chain.

Melzer, E

1994-01-01

415

Recognition Persian Handwritten Characters using Hough Transform  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, expansion of computers influences in the business world has forced organizations to think about using computers to process and manage large amounts of information. Artificial intelligence provides approaches and algorithms for image processing. Using this algorithm, the computer can have the ability to identify the various components of an image. The present study presents a method for detecting Persian handwritten characters using Hough transform. One of the main characteristics of the Hough transform is to detect the lines, circles and other shapes that have analytic relationships. Using this method along with documents image processing, data fields written in paper documents can be separately extracted and then use them for storage, processing, management and reporting. For instance, it considers discrete Persian handwritten characters as objects in a scene, and then attempts to diagnoses them using the Hough transform as well as neural network. According to the performed tests and obtained results, the accuracy of 70% was yielded in detection of characters.

Neda Aashrafi Khuzani

2014-10-01

416

Interactive Character Posing by Sparse Coding  

CERN Document Server

Character posing is of interest in computer animation. It is difficult due to its dependence on inverse kinematics (IK) techniques and articulate property of human characters . To solve the IK problem, classical methods that rely on numerical solutions often suffer from the under-determination problem and can not guarantee naturalness. Existing data-driven methods address this problem by learning from motion capture data. When facing a large variety of poses however, these methods may not be able to capture the pose styles or be applicable in real-time environment. Inspired from the low-rank motion de-noising and completion model in \\cite{lai2011motion}, we propose a novel model for character posing based on sparse coding. Unlike conventional approaches, our model directly captures the pose styles in Euclidean space to provide intuitive training error measurements and facilitate pose synthesis. A pose dictionary is learned in training stage and based on it natural poses are synthesized to satisfy users' const...

Lai, Ranch Y Q; Lee, K W; Lai, J H

2012-01-01

417

Rank-frequency relation for Chinese characters  

CERN Document Server

The Zipf's law states that the ordered frequencies $f_1>f_2> ...$ of different words in a text hold $f_r\\propto r^{-\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma\\approx 1$ and rank $r$. The law applies to many languages with alphabetical writing systems, but was so far found to be absent for the rank-frequency relation of the Chinese characters, the main (and oldest) example of the logographic writing system. Here we show that the Zipf's law for Chinese characters perfectly holds for sufficiently short texts (few thousand different characters). The scenario of its validity is similar to the Zipf's law for words in short English texts. We focus on short texts, since for the sake of the rank-frequency analysis, long texts are just mixtures of shorter, thematically homogenous pieces. For long texts (or for mixtures of short texts), the Zipf's law holds for a relatively small range of ranks, but it is still important, since for all Chinese texts (we studied) it carries out $simeq 40%$ of the overall frequency. The previous results on th...

Deng, W B; Li, B; Wang, Q A

2013-01-01

418

Performance Values: Why They Matter and What Schools Can Do to Foster Their Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This position paper sets forth an expanded view of character and character education that recognizes the importance of performance character (needed for best work) as well as moral character (needed for ethical behavior). While core ethical values remain foundational in a life of character, character education must also develop students'…

Character Education Partnership, 2008

2008-01-01

419

Equivalence theorems and an explicit formula for the biquantization character  

OpenAIRE

We prove that the biquantization character of Cattaneo-Torossian for the reduction algebra is the character of the Penney eigendistribution from harmonic analysis on Lie groups. Part of the author's PhD thesis at University Paris 7, 2009.

Batakidis, Panagiotis

2011-01-01

420

42 CFR 54a.5 - Religious character and independence.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Religious character and independence. 54a.5 Section 54a.5 Public...54a.5 Religious character and independence. A religious organization that...applicable program will retain its independence from Federal, State, and local...

2010-10-01

421

Character and Dimension Formulae for Queer Lie Superalgebra  

Science.gov (United States)

Closed formulae are constructed for the characters and dimensions of the finite dimensional simple modules of the queer Lie superalgebra . This is achieved by refining Brundan's algorithm for computing simple -characters.

Su, Yucai; Zhang, R. B.

2015-02-01

422

Character and dimension formulae for queer Lie superalgebra  

OpenAIRE

Closed formulae are constructed for the characters and dimensions of the finite dimensional simple modules of the queer Lie superalgebra q(n). This is achieved by refining Brundan's algorithm for computing simple q(n)-characters.

Su, Yucai; Zhang, R. B.

2013-01-01

423

Create a Character and Bring History to Life.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes how an eighth-grade teacher taught her class about Anne Frank, the Holocaust, and World War II by creating a character, playing the role of the character, and making history personal for the students. (SM)

Hamilton, Paula

1994-01-01

424

Handwritten Farsi Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

Neural Networks are being used for character recognition from last many years but most of the work was confined to English character recognition. Till date, a very little work has been reported for Handwritten Farsi Character recognition. In this paper, we have made an attempt to recognize handwritten Farsi characters by using a multilayer perceptron with one hidden layer. The error backpropagation algorithm has been used to train the MLP network. In addition, an analysis ha...

Reza Gharoie Ahangar; Mohammad Farajpoor Ahangar

2009-01-01

425

IDENTITY STRING GENERATION FOR OFFLINE HANDWRITTEN HINDI CHARACTER RECOGNITION  

OpenAIRE

Handwritten character recognition (HCR) has been one of the fascinating and challenging research areas in field of image processing and pattern recognition in the recent years. In general, handwritten character recognition classified into two types as off-line handwritten character recognition and on-line handwritten character recognition. In off-line HCR, the writing is usually captured optically by a scanner and complete writing is available as an image. But, in the on-line HCR ...

Minu Babu

2014-01-01

426

The Strategies for Character Building through Sports Participation  

OpenAIRE

The sport participation has been a major part of our life in the societies. Studies on sports participation have found that sports have both positive and negative influence on character buildings. It has been on-going debate on whether ‘sports build character’ but through literature analysis, author had found that ‘with the intention, sports do build character.’ Therefore, strategies of building character through sports are suggested in this paper.

Omar-fauzee, M. S.; Mohd Nizam Nazarudin; Saputra, Yudha M.; Nina Sutresna; Duangkrai Taweesuk; Wipoj Chansem; Rozita Abd. Latif; Soh Kim Geok

2012-01-01

427

Investigation of Shapes and Colours as Elements of Character Design  

OpenAIRE

Character design is applied widely both in the game and movie industry. For character designers, it is essential to design intuitively and to avoid repeated and unfulfilling designs. To understand certain methodologies used in design, this degree project investigates if there are further limitations or considerations that need more attention when designing purposeful characters. To get an overview if culture, age and gender affect the choice of shapes and colour schemes of characters, as a me...

Fogelstro?m, Elise

2013-01-01

428

Supercuspidal characters of reductive p-adic groups  

OpenAIRE

We compute the characters of many supercuspidal representations of reductive p-adic groups. Specifically, we deal with representations that arise via Yu's construction from data satisfying a certain compactness condition. Each character is expressed in terms of a depth-zero character of a smaller group, the (linear) characters appearing in Yu's construction, Fourier transforms of orbital integrals, and certain signs and cardinalities that are described explicitly in terms of...

Adler, Jeffrey D.; Spice, Loren

2007-01-01

429

Handwritten Devanagari Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The reading skills of computer are still way behind that of human beings. Most character recognition systems cannot read degraded documents and handwritten characters or words. Devanagari, an alphabetic script, is used by over 500 million people all over the world. In this study, we are presenting a Devanagari handwritten character recognition system using Artificial Neural Network. Up to 96% recognition rate is achieved for certain characters.

P.B. Khanale

2011-01-01

430

'All stories bring hope because stories bring awareness': students' perceptions of digital storytelling for social justice education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Although becoming a more racially-integrated society, the legacy of Apartheid still affects learners' social engagements in and outside their classrooms. Adopting Nussbaum's (2010) capabilities framework for a socially just democracy, this paper examines 27 pre-service teacher education students' pe [...] rceptions of a digital storytelling project and its potential for recognising and honouring capabilities necessary for engaging empathetically with the 'other'. Using narrative inquiry, and specifically Bamberg's (2006) 'small stories' approach, the research team analysed 30 stories students constructed in four focus group conversations at the end of the project. In these stories, most of Nussbaum's (2010) capabilities were evident. We found that, in the collective sharing of their stories, students positioned themselves as agentive selves, displaying the belief that they can make a difference, not only individually within their own classrooms, but also as a collective of teachers.

Daniela, Gachago; Janet, Condy; Eunice, Ivala; Agnes, Chigona.

2014-11-01

431

Happy cows and unhappy consumers : Cognitive and affective effects of storytelling related to the production process of food products  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Food products are increasingly positioned by parameters that are related to the production process. In addition to labeling products as organic or local, many products are marketed by telling stories about the origins and production process – where the product comes from, facts about the terroir, raising of animals, details about feed or growing process, origins of ingredients used, roots in traditional and artisanal food production, ethical claims about animal welfare and fair trade. Such parameters have mostly been discussed as extensions of the classical aspects of perceived food quality (taste, health, convenience), and their effects on purchase intentions and purchases have often been analyzed by measuring the inferences consumers make from such information with regard to perceived product quality. However, recent research suggests that this cognitive mediation of the effects of storytelling in the food area may be only half of the story. In addition, such information on food products may also also elicit spontaneous (positive) affect in the consumer mind, leading to a positive impact on purchase intentions that is not cognitively mediated. To the extent that such intentions actually lead to purchases, it raises the question how consumer experience with the product lives up to expectations that consist of both cognitive and affective components. This presentation will a) demonstrate the parallel existence of cognitively mediated and spontaneous affective effects of storytelling on purchase intentions, b) discuss new ways of measuring both cognitive and affective components, and c) discus the theoretical implications in terms of theories of consumer quality perception, consumer satisfaction and the Food Kansei approach.

Grunert, Klaus G

432

Character Education through Children's Literature. Fastback No. 494.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the years there have been different terms for the idea of educating for character. Some of these are moral education, moral reasoning, values clarification, and ethics. But the basic idea of using schools to produce people of good character has been around for many generations. This volume explores the importance of including character…

O'Sullivan, Sheryl

433

Culture or Disability? Examining Deaf Characters in Children's Book Illustrations  

Science.gov (United States)

Picture books can influence how children perceive those from backgrounds and cultures different from their own. Studies have been conducted examining how the text of children's literature portrays multicultural characters or characters with disabilities. However, few have looked specifically at the portrayal of characters through illustrations,…

Golos, Debbie B.; Moses, Annie M.; Wolbers, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

434

Picture This: Visual Literacy as a Pathway to Character Understanding  

Science.gov (United States)

The literary element of character is critical to literary meaning-making, and in picturebooks images provide information important to understanding characters. This manuscript shares results of an investigation that explored the kinds of pictorial information young children use to gain insights into the characters and provide practical ways…

Prior, Lori Ann; Willson, Angeli; Martinez, Miriam

2012-01-01

435

Evaluation of Seedling Characters on Perennial Ryegrasses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Evaluation of seedling characters on perennial ryegrasses studied of different parental plants for seed multiplication. There is a significant difference between germination percentages on different parental groups, which indicated that two parental plants represent at this experiments had lower germinations than the other parental groups. Eights parental plants represent significantly lower dry weights, and higher coleoptile?s numbers were recorded on four parental plants. There is a positive significant correlation (0.887** between coleoptiles numbers and numbers of inflorescences and also seedling yields (0.917**.

Suleyman Sengul

2003-01-01

436

ZBrush Character Creation Advanced Digital Sculpting  

CERN Document Server

A stunning, content-rich update to this top-selling ZBrush guide! This second edition of ZBrush Character Creation has been fully updated for ZBrush 4, the newest version of this fascinating and popular 3D sculpting software. ZBrush enables users to create detailed organic models using a brush-based toolset and tablet. The startling results look as though they've been painted with real brushes and oils, and ZBrush is increasingly popular for use in film, game, and broadcast pipelines. Author Scott Spencer is embedded in the ZBrush community and his movie credits include Harry Potter and The Or

Spencer, Scott

2011-01-01

437

Defect of characters of the symmetric group  

CERN Document Server

Following the work of B. Kuelshammer, J. B. Olsson and G. R. Robinson on generalized blocks of the symmetric groups, we give a definition for the \\ell-defect of characters of the symmetric group S_n, where \\ell > 1 is an arbitrary integer. We prove that the \\ell -defect is given by an analogue of the hook-length formula, and use it to prove, when n < \\ell^2, an \\ell-version of the McKay Conjecture in S_n .

Gramain, Jean-Baptiste

2009-01-01

438

Hattori-Stallings trace and character  

OpenAIRE

It is shown that Hattori-Stallings trace induces a homomorphism of abelian groups, called Hattori-Stallings character, from the $K_1$-group of endomorphisms of the perfect derived category of an algebra to its zero-th Hochschild homology, which provides a new proof of Igusa-Liu-Paquette Theorem, i.e., the strong no loop conjecture for finite-dimensional elementary algebras, on the level of complexes. Moreover, the Hattori-Stallings traces of projective bimodules and one-side...

Han, Yang

2013-01-01

439

Handwritten word recognition with character and inter-character neural networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

An off-line handwritten word recognition system is described. Images of handwritten words are matched to lexicons of candidate strings. A word image is segmented into primitives. The best match between sequences of unions of primitives and a lexicon string is found using dynamic programming. Neural networks assign match scores between characters and segments. Two particularly unique features are that neural networks assign confidence that pairs of segments are compatible with character confidence assignments and that this confidence is integrated into the dynamic programming. Experimental results are provided on data from the U.S. Postal Service. PMID:18255853

Gader, P D; Mohamed, M; Chiang, J H

1997-01-01

440

Magnifying arbitrarily selected areas of fractal Chinese characters  

Science.gov (United States)

Iterated Function System (IFS) has been used to generate fractal graphics and fractal Chinese characters. A fractal Chinese character magnification method is proposed in this paper to zoom in on arbitrarily selected areas within a fractal Chinese character. For any selected area, a geometric transform is done to make the selected area occupy the full display area. The mapping coefficients of the IFS for the Chinese character are modified such that the fractal pattern of the Chinese character in the selected area can be just shown in the full display area. The experimental results demonstrate that details are shown clearly with the magnification factor being more than 10000.

Zhang, Wei; Xu, Ning; Zhang, Zhengbing

2014-10-01

441

Offline Handwritten Character Recognition Using Improved Back- Propagation Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A neural network is a machine designed tomodel the way in which the brain performs a particulartask. Character recognition techniques help inrecognizing the characters written on paper documentsand converting it in digital form. Character recognitionis gaining interest and importance in the modern worlddue to its application in various fields. Handwrittencharacter recognition is a very difficult problem due togreat variation of writing style, different size and shapeof the character. Accuracy and efficiency are the majorparameters in the field of handwritten characterrecognition. Neural network is a technique used toimprove the accuracy and efficiency of the handwrittencharacter recognition system. This paper throws lighton the improved neural network technique to recognizethe offline handwritten characters.

Ashok Kumar

2013-07-01

442

A situated practice of ethics for participatory visual and digital methods in public health research and practice: a focus on digital storytelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores ethical considerations related to participatory visual and digital methods for public health research and practice, through the lens of an approach known as "digital storytelling." We begin by briefly describing the digital storytelling process and its applications to public health research and practice. Next, we explore 6 common challenges: fuzzy boundaries, recruitment and consent to participate, power of shaping, representation and harm, confidentiality, and release of materials. We discuss their complexities and offer some considerations for ethical practice. We hope this article serves as a catalyst for expanded dialogue about the need for high standards of integrity and a situated practice of ethics wherein researchers and practitioners reflexively consider ethical decision-making as part of the ongoing work of public health. PMID:23948015

Gubrium, Aline C; Hill, Amy L; Flicker, Sarah

2014-09-01

443

The Gender of the Heroes, Storytellers and Collectors of Estonian Fairy Tales  

OpenAIRE

The article concerns the gender of fairy-tale (ATU 300-749) tellers according to Estonian archival records (5550 units) and the different combinations of the genders of the recorders, the tellers and the main characters. The high and low tides of recording fairy-tales for the archive are analysed, as well as possible reasons for the tides. It appears there has been a change in the 1920s regarding fairy-tales – the earlier tales have been collected mostly from men, the later ones – f...

Risto Järv

2005-01-01

444

Polytope expansion of Lie characters and applications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The weight systems of finite-dimensional representations of complex, simple Lie algebras exhibit patterns beyond Weyl-group symmetry. These patterns occur because weight systems can be decomposed into lattice polytopes in a natural way. Since lattice polytopes are relatively simple, this decomposition is useful, in addition to being more economical than the decomposition into single weights. An expansion of characters into polytope sums follows from the polytope decomposition of weight systems. We study this polytope expansion here. A new, general formula is given for the polytope sums involved. The combinatorics of the polytope expansion are analyzed; we point out that they are reduced from those of the Weyl character formula (described by the Kostant partition function) in an optimal way. We also show that the weight multiplicities can be found easily from the polytope multiplicities, indicating explicitly the equivalence of the two descriptions. Finally, we demonstrate the utility of the polytope expansion by showing how polytope multiplicities can be used in the calculation of tensor product decompositions, and subalgebra branching rules.

Walton, Mark A., E-mail: walton@uleth.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4 (Canada)

2013-12-15

445

How familiar characters influence children's judgments about information and products.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children are exposed to advertisements and products that incorporate familiar characters, such as Dora the Explorer and Bob the Builder, virtually from birth. How does the presence of these characters influence children's judgments about information and products? Three experiments (N=125) explored how 4-year-olds evaluate messages from familiar characters and how their trust in a familiar character's testimony relates to their product preferences. Children endorsed objective and subjective claims made by a familiar character more often than those made by a perceptually similar but unfamiliar character even in situations where they had evidence that the familiar character was unreliable. Children also preferred low-quality products bearing a familiar character's image over high-quality products without a character image up to 74% of the time (whereas control groups preferred the low-quality products less than 6% of the time when they did not include a character image). These findings suggest that young children are powerfully influenced by familiar characters encountered in the media, leaving them vulnerable to advertising messages and clouding their judgments about products. PMID:25038449

Danovitch, Judith H; Mills, Candice M

2014-12-01

446

Handwritten Nushu Character Recognition Based on Hidden Markov Model  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper proposes a statistical-structural character learning algorithm based on hidden Markov model for handwritten Nushu character recognition. The stroke relationships of a Nushu character reflect its structure, which can be statistically represented by the hidden markov model. Based on the prior knowledge of character structures, we design an adaptive statisticalstructural character learning algorithm that accounts for the most important stroke relationships, which aims to improve the recognition rate by adapting selecting correct character to the current handwritten character condition. We penalize the structurally mismatched stroke relationships using the prior clique potentials and derive the likelihood clique potentials from Gaussian mixture models. Theoretic analysis proves the convergence of the proposed algorithm. The experimental results show that the proposed method successfully detected and reflected the stroke relationships that seemed intuitively important. And the overall recognition rate is 93.7 percent, which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

Jiangqing Wang

2010-05-01

447

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERS OF PATIENTS WITH TUBERCOLOSIS: ISFAHAN 1998-1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Tuberculosis is a wide spread disease in the world. It is a health problem in every where. The prevalence of tuberculosis have been increased since several years ago due to some factors such as AIDS. For management of this problem, we need to data about our identified patients. Then we can have a solution for disease control. We demonstrate the patients demographic characters in our province. Methods. All of 164 identified patients under treatment for tuberculosis in Isfahan province were studied (1998-1999. Demographic data such as age, sex, nationality and gender and some characters about their discase was collected. HIV screening was done for all patients by ELISA method and documented in suspicious patients by western blot test. Results. Male to female ratio was 21:20. About 70 percent of patients had primary lung tuberculosis. Skeletal TB was the most common type of extrapulmonary invasion. Seventy four patients were Afghanian and 90 patients were Iranian. Only one patient (a 14 years old boy was positive for HIV infection. He was a hemophilic patient with history of infected blood transfusion. Discussion. Compared to developed and far east countries, in our country, HIV infection is not a frequent infection in tuberculosis patients. This study shows that migration from Afghanestan to Iran is a very important affecting factor in tuberculosis epidemiology in our region.

H SALEHI

2001-03-01

448

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERS OF PATIENTS WITH TUBERCOLOSIS: ISFAHAN 1998-1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Tuberculosis is a wide spread disease in the world. It is a health problem in every where. The prevalence of tuberculosis have been increased since several years ago due to some factors such as AIDS. For management of this problem, we need to data about our identified patients. Then we can have a solution for disease control. We demonstrate the patients demographic characters in our province. Methods. All of 164 identified patients under treatment for tuberculosis in Isfahan province were studied (1998-1999. Demographic data such as age, sex, nationality and gender and some characters about their discase was collected. HIV screening was done for all patients by ELISA method and documented in suspicious patients by western blot test. Results. Male to female ratio was 21:20. About 70 percent of patients had primary lung tuberculosis. Skeletal TB was the most common type of extrapulmonary invasion. Seventy four patients were Afghanian and 90 patients were Iranian. Only one patient (a 14 years old boy was positive for HIV infection. He was a hemophilic patient with history of infected blood transfusion. Discussion. Compared to developed and far east countries, in our country, HIV infection is not a frequent infection in tuberculosis patients. This study shows that migration from Afghanestan to Iran is a very important affecting factor in tuberculosis epidemiology in our region.

H SALEHI

2001-06-01

449

Among-character rate variation distributions in phylogenetic analysis of discrete morphological characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Likelihood-based methods are commonplace in phylogenetic systematics. Although much effort has been directed toward likelihood-based models for molecular data, comparatively less work has addressed models for discrete morphological character (DMC) data. Among-character rate variation (ACRV) may confound phylogenetic analysis, but there have been few analyses of the magnitude and distribution of rate heterogeneity among DMCs. Using 76 data sets covering a range of plants, invertebrate, and vertebrate animals, we used a modified version of MrBayes to test equal, gamma-distributed and lognormally distributed models of ACRV, integrating across phylogenetic uncertainty using Bayesian model selection. We found that in approximately 80% of data sets, unequal-rates models outperformed equal-rates models, especially among larger data sets. Moreover, although most data sets were equivocal, more data sets favored the lognormal rate distribution relative to the gamma rate distribution, lending some support for more complex character correlations than in molecular data. Parsimony estimation of the underlying rate distributions in several data sets suggests that the lognormal distribution is preferred when there are many slowly evolving characters and fewer quickly evolving characters. The commonly adopted four rate category discrete approximation used for molecular data was found to be sufficient to approximate a gamma rate distribution with discrete characters. However, among the two data sets tested that favored a lognormal rate distribution, the continuous distribution was better approximated with at least eight discrete rate categories. Although the effect of rate model on the estimation of topology was difficult to assess across all data sets, it appeared relatively minor between the unequal-rates models for the one data set examined carefully. As in molecular analyses, we argue that researchers should test and adopt the most appropriate model of rate variation for the data set in question. As discrete characters are increasingly used in more sophisticated likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses, it is important that these studies be built on the most appropriate and carefully selected underlying models of evolution. PMID:25527198

Harrison, Luke B; Larsson, Hans C E

2015-03-01

450

Formación, desarrollo y caracterización fenotípica de los caracteres productivos y reproductivos del hato Romosinuano del banco de germoplasma de Colombia / Training, development and phenotypic characterization of productive and reproductive characters Romosinuano herd of gene bank Colombia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La formación y documentación del hato para la conservación del banco de germoplasma de la raza bovina criolla Romosinuano se inició en 1936; actualmente se cuenta con ocho familias y 502 ejemplares que permanecen en custodia en el Centro de Investigación Turipaná de Corpoica, Cereté, Colombia. Los d [...] atos registrados han sido digitados, ordenados, clasificados y analizados; lo cual permitió determinar el origen de los 270 animales que conformaron el hato inicial, procedentes de 11 hatos de las fincas: El Torno (43%), La Granja (16%), El Recreo (14%), Los Pinos (10%) y el 17% restante de La Vorágine, Colombia, Marta Magdalena y El Chorrillo. Aplicando el método de los cuadrados mínimos y el procedimiento de modelos lineales generalizados (generalized linear model GLM) (SAS, 1995), se obtuvo la caracterización fenotípica de los pesos de animales en diferentes edades y etapas de producción: edad de la vaca al primer parto e intervalo entre partos; peso del ternero al nacer, al destete, a los 16 meses ajustados; peso de la vaca al primer parto, al parto y al destete del ternero; obtenido de 12673, 6543, 4363, 620, 7178 y 2847 registros, con valores de: 29,5±3,5, 163±35, 230±45, 393±51, 444±64 y 447±60 kg, respectivamente; la edad ajustada al destete y al primer parto, obtenidas a partir de 6572 y 2064 registros fueron 256±23 y 1133±200 días, respectivamente; el intervalo entre partos a partir de 9435 registros fue de 422±131 días. La eficiencia reproductiva de 86,3% confirma la adaptación de la raza en el valle del Sinú, Colombia. Abstract in english The development and documentation of the gene bank of the Romosinuano native cattle breed herd for conservation purposes began in 1936; currently it is composed of 8 families and 502 individuals that are kept at Corpoica's Turipaná Research Center, in Cereté, Colombia. Digitalized data has been sort [...] ed, classified and analyzed, establishing the origin of the 270 animals that made up the initial herd from 11 herds: El Torno (43%), La Granja (16%), El Recreo (14%), Los Pinos (10%) and the remaining 17% of La Vorágine, Colombia, Marta Magdalena and El Chorrillo. Applying the least squares method and the GLM procedure (SAS, 1995) a phenotypic characterization of the weights of animals at different ages and stages of production, age at first calving and calving interval, birth weight, weaning 16 months adjusted weight at first calving, cow weight at calving and cow weight at weaning of the calf was obtained from 12673, 6543, 4363, 620, 7178 and 2847 records, with values of: 29.5±3.5, 163±35, 230±45, 393±51, 444±64 and 447±60 kg respectively; the adjusted age at weaning and at first birth, obtained from 6572 and 2064 records were 256±23 and 1133±200 days, respectively; the calving interval from 9435 record was 422±131 days. Reproductive efficiency of 86.3% confirms the adaptation of the breed in the Sinú valley.

Gustavo, Ossa Saraz; Adriana, David Hinestroza; Martha, Santana Rodríguez; Sony, Reza García; Juan, Pérez García; Yesid, Abuabara Pérez.

2013-12-01

451

Elevated yolk androgen levels and the expression of multiple sexually selected male characters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maternal hormones in bird eggs modulate not only offspring development, but recently it has also been shown that these effects can persist into adult life. A number of long-lasting effects concern traits of which the expression or development is modulated by androgens. This suggests that the nature of yolk hormone-mediated maternal effects may be organizational. Maternal androgens may therefore play an important role in sexual selection, since the expression of sexually selected male characters is often androgen-dependent. We experimentally manipulated the yolk androgen concentrations of European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) eggs. Subsequently we followed 49 unrelated males from hatching until year of first reproduction. We investigated the expression of multiple sexually selected male characters (song, beak color and throat feather characteristics), taking into account whether a trait is androgen-dependent. Elevated levels of yolk androgens affected the length of the embryonic period, but did not modify the expression of either androgen-dependent or androgen-independent sexually selected male characters including song phenotype at adulthood. Thus the most important function of yolk androgens in starlings and possibly other bird species may relate to the early developmental period. The outcome of our study together with the results of our meta-analysis indicates that the effects of yolk androgens on sexually selected male characters may be comparatively small. Our results suggest that this may relate to the numerous other environmental and/or genetic factors influencing the expression of sexually selected male characters. PMID:18976657

Müller, Wendt; Eens, Marcel

2009-01-01

452

Movie Character Identification Using Graph Matching Algorithm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the era of the technical revolution, Information Technology play the most important role in making the system better, smarter and easier etc. In the context of the considering the aspect of the image data processing and the fact of the identifying the name based on the some graphical approach where many classical approach has formulated to give the system in the better to the industry of Image Processing. In this Paper we try to put the concept of the partition graph based approach where we considered the robustness and accuracy and effectiveness to implement the concept. We have considered the repetitive algorithm to compare based on the quality in order to maintain the quality. In the partition of the graph where the matching of the character of the image or the motion picture may vary with respect to the face which is the first recognition thread.

Shaik.Kartheek

2014-12-01

453

Photoluminescence character of Xe ion irradiated sapphire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the present work the photoluminescence (PL) character of sapphire implanted with 180 keV Xe and irradiated with 308 MeV Xe ions was studied. The virgin, implanted and irradiated samples were investigated by PL and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra measurements. The obtained PL spectra showed the maximum emission bands at 2.75, 3.0 and 3.26 eV for the implanted fluence of 1.0 x 1015 ions/cm2 and at 2.4 and 3.47 eV for the irradiated fluence of 1.0 x 1013 ions/cm2. The FTIR spectra showed a broaden absorption band between 460 and 630 cm-1, indicating that strong damaged region formed in Al2O3

454

Photoluminescence character of Xe ion irradiated sapphire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the present work the photoluminescence (PL) character of sapphire implanted with 180 keV Xe and irradiated with 308 MeV Xe ions was studied. The virgin, implanted and irradiated samples were investigated by PL and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra measurements. The obtained PL spectra showed the maximum emission bands at 2.75, 3.0 and 3.26 eV for the implanted fluence of 1.0 x 10{sup 15} ions/cm{sup 2} and at 2.4 and 3.47 eV for the irradiated fluence of 1.0 x 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. The FTIR spectra showed a broaden absorption band between 460 and 630 cm{sup -1}, indicating that strong damaged region formed in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Yin Song [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 509 Nanchang Road, Lanzhou 730000 (China); School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)], E-mail: songyin@impcas.ac.cn; Xie Erqing [School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhang Chonghong; Wang Zhiguang; Zhou Lihong; Ma YiZhong; Yao Cunfeng; Zang Hang; Liu Chunbao; Sheng Yanbin; Gou Jie [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 509 Nanchang Road, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2008-06-15

455

Three dimensional character of whistler turbulence  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is shown that the dominant nonlinear effect makes the evolution of whistler turbulence essentially three dimensional in character. Induced nonlinear scattering due to slow density perturbation resulting from ponderomotive force triggers energy flux toward lower frequency. Anisotropic wave vector spectrum is generated by large angle scatterings from thermal plasma particles, in which the wave propagation angle is substantially altered but the frequency spectrum changes a little. As a consequence, the wave vector spectrum does not indicate the trajectory of the energy flux. There can be conversion of quasielectrostatic waves into electromagnetic waves with large group velocity, enabling convection of energy away from the region. We use a two-dimensional electromagnetic particle-in-cell model with the ambient magnetic field out of the simulation plane to generate the essential three-dimensional nonlinear effects.

456

Microstructure and Slip Character in Titanium Alloys  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Influence of microstructures in titanium alloys on the basic parameters of deformation behaviour such as slip character, slip length and slip intensity have been explored. Commercial titanium alloys contain the hexagonal close packed (alpha and body centred cubic (bita phases. Slip in these individual phases is shown to be dependent on the nature of alloying elements through their effect on phase stability as related to decomposition into ordered or w structures. When alpha and bita coexist, their relative crystallographic orientations, size, shape and volume fraction, control the nature of slip. For a given composition, structure may be manipulated through appropriate thermomechanical treatment to obtain the desired deformation behaviour and therefore fracture mode.

D. Banerjee

2014-01-01

457

Character sums for primitive root densities  

CERN Document Server

It follows from the work of Artin and Hooley that, under assumption of the generalized Riemann hypothesis, the density of the set of primes $q$ for which a given non-zero rational number $r$ is a primitive root modulo $q$ can be written as an infinite product $\\prod_p \\delta_p$ of local factors $\\delta_p$ reflecting the degree of the splitting field of $X^p-r$ at the primes $p$, multiplied by a somewhat complicated factor that corrects for the `entanglement' of these splitting fields. We show how the correction factors arising in Artin's original primitive root problem and some of its generalizations can be interpreted as character sums describing the nature of the entanglement. The resulting description in terms of local contributions is so transparent that it greatly facilitates explicit computations, and naturally leads to non-vanishing criteria for the correction factors.

Lenstra, H W; Stevenhagen, P

2011-01-01

458

Inheritance of morphological characters in sorghum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor is an important food andfodder crop in India and the world. It has a number ofadvantages which have made it the traditional staplecereal crop in subsistence or low-resource agriculture inthe hot semi-arid regions. Morphological variants withdistinct phenotypic expression can be used to establishlinkages and for indirect selection if found associatedwith useful traits. However, for constructing linkagemaps, a sufficiently large number of distinct morphologicaltraits is required. Several morphological variants fordifferent plant parts, such as leaf, stem, spike, grainpeduncle, etc have been reported in sorghum (IBPGRand ICRISAT 1993. Among the many traits, brown andpithy leaf midrib, presence of awn, type of glumes in thepanicles and plant color, ie, anthocyanin pigmentation ofleaf sheath have been found to be useful as markers sincethey are associated with one or the other economicallyimportant traits such as increased fodder quality (brownmidrib (Porter et al. 1978 and resistance to bird damage(presence of awns (Kullaiswamy and Goud 1983. Closedglume type panicles have advantage over open typepanicles in offering resistance to grain mold infection(Murty 2000 and tan-colored plants are most preferredin seed industry as they exhibit immunity to variousfungal diseases (Melake-Berhan et al. 1996. A recentreport on the effects of plant color on agronomiccharacters of sorghum showed lower grain yields from agroup of tan hybrids compared to pigmented hybrids(Williams-Alanis et al. 1995. Further, such traits are moreimportant from the point of identification of cultivar,which is much needed in the present era of plant varietyprotection (Roy et al. 2004. In view of the importance ofthese characters in sorghum, an attempt has been made tostudy the inheritance of these characters using a set ofcultivars.

R Nagaraja Reddy

2008-12-01

459

Promoting Character Development through Sport. Rhetoric or Reality?  

Science.gov (United States)

Looks at programs where coaching club members, inner-city youth who learn the meaning of responsibility on the basketball court, provide a model of positive leadership for the rest of the school. (Author)

Hellison, Don

1999-01-01

460

Analysis of character divergence along environmental gradients and other covariates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Character displacement is typically identified by comparing phenotypic differences in sympatry and allopatry. Recently, however, Goldberg and Lande (2006) pointed out that when phenotypic characters vary along an environmental gradient, the standard approach may fail to identify sympatric character divergence. Here we present a general analytical procedure for identifying sympatric character divergence while accounting for phenotypic changes that covary with environmental variables. Our approach uses residual randomization from a generalized linear model, and allows the statistical comparison of sympatric phenotypic divergence to allopatric phenotypic divergence while accounting for phenotypic variation along a gradient. Through simulation we demonstrate that our approach correctly identifies patterns of sympatric character divergence when they are present, and does not identify such patterns when they are not. Our analytical approach complements and extends the suggestions of Goldberg and Lande (2006), by allowing a full statistical assessment of the varied patterns of character displacement along environmental gradients, or while accounting for other covariates and sources of variation. PMID:17348916

Adams, Dean C; Collyer, Michael L

2007-03-01

461

Deep Self-Taught Learning for Handwritten Character Recognition  

CERN Document Server

Recent theoretical and empirical work in statistical machine learning has demonstrated the importance of learning algorithms for deep architectures, i.e., function classes obtained by composing multiple non-linear transformations. Self-taught learning (exploiting unlabeled examples or examples from other distributions) has already been applied to deep learners, but mostly to show the advantage of unlabeled examples. Here we explore the advantage brought by {\\em out-of-distribution examples}. For this purpose we developed a powerful generator of stochastic variations and noise processes for character images, including not only affine transformations but also slant, local elastic deformations, changes in thickness, background images, grey level changes, contrast, occlusion, and various types of noise. The out-of-distribution examples are obtained from these highly distorted images or by including examples of object classes different from those in the target test set. We show that {\\em deep learners benefit more...

Bastien, Frédéric; Bergeron, Arnaud; Boulanger-Lewandowski, Nicolas; Breuel, Thomas; Chherawala, Youssouf; Cisse, Moustapha; Côté, Myriam; Erhan, Dumitru; Eustache, Jeremy; Glorot, Xavier; Muller, Xavier; Lebeuf, Sylvain Pannetier; Pascanu, Razvan; Rifai, Salah; Savard, Francois; Sicard, Guillaume

2010-01-01

462

Sam Weller and Falstaff : convergence and divergence of character traits  

OpenAIRE

Samuel Weller from The Pickwick Papers and Falstaff appearing in several Shakespeare’s plays are generally considered the most typical comic characters of English literature. Therefore this paper includes an analysis and comparison of Sam and Falstaff’s characters with the main focus on their common features. To provide background for the character study, the theoretical part includes a brief outline of the history of comedy and satire in English literature. It also introduces the critica...

Trundova?, Marie

2008-01-01

463

Topographic Feature Extraction for Bengali and Hindi Character Images  

OpenAIRE

Feature selection and extraction plays an important role in different classification based problems such as face recognition, signature verification, optical character recognition (OCR) etc. The performance of OCR highly depends on the proper selection and extraction of feature set. In this paper, we present novel features based on the topography of a character as visible from different viewing directions on a 2D plane. By topography of a character we mean the structural fea...

Soumen Bag; Gaurav Harit

2011-01-01

464

Non-Correlated Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network  

OpenAIRE

This paper investigates a method of Handwritten English Character Recognition using Artificial Neural Network (ANN). This work has been done in offline Environment for non correlated characters, which do not possess any linear relationships among them. We test that whether the particular tested character belongs to a cluster or not. The implementation is carried out in Matlab environment and successfully tested. Fifty-two sets of English alphabets are used to train the ANN a...

Dash, Tirtharaj; Nayak, Tanistha

2013-01-01

465

Handwritten Character Recognition In Malayalam Scripts- A Review  

OpenAIRE

Handwritten character recognition is one of the most challenging and ongoing areas of research in the field of pattern recognition. HCR research is matured for foreign languages like Chinese and Japanese but the problem is much more complex for Indian languages. The problem becomes even more complicated for South Indian languages due to its large character set and the presence of vowels modifiers and compound characters. This paper provides an overview of important contribut...

Chacko, Anitha Mary M. O.; Dhanya, P. M.

2014-01-01

466

A LITERATURE REVIEW ON HAND WRITTEN CHARACTER RECOGNITION  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays character recognition has gained lot of attention in the field of pattern recognition due to its application in various fields. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) and Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR) has specific domain to apply. OCR system is most suitable for the applications like multi choice examinations, printed postal address resolution etc. While application of HCR is wider compare to OCR. HCR is useful in cheque processing in banks; almost all kind of form processing ...

MANSI SHAH; Jethava, Gordhan B.

2013-01-01

467

Mixed-Myanmar and English Character Recognition with Formatting  

OpenAIRE

This paper proposed Myanmar and English typeface Character Recognition with their related format. The system converts Portable Document Format (.pdf) to Machine Editable Word Document (.doc). It includes two parts; recognition and formatting. The recognition of Myanmar and English character can be done by MICR (Myanmar Intelligent Character Recognition) which is one kind of ICR. Statistical and semantic information is used in MICR. Final decision of is made by voting system. MICR has become s...

Yadana Thein; Cherry Maung

2010-01-01

468

On Jordan Decomposition of Characters for SU(n,q)  

CERN Document Server

As shown by Bonnaf\\'e, a step in proving a Jordan decomposition of characters of finite special linear groups is the parametrization of unipotent characters of centralizers of semi-simple elements in projective linear groups. We show the same kind of result in the case of finite special unitary groups. The proof leads to a mild adaptation of Bonnaf\\'e's methods expounded in [B99]. The outcome is a Jordan decomposition of characters compatible with Lusztig's twisted induction.

Cabanes, Marc

2011-01-01

469

Two Methods for Recognition of Hand Written Farsi Characters  

OpenAIRE

Optical character recognition (OCR) is one of the active bases of sample detection topics. Thecurrent study focuses on automatic detection and recognition of hand written Farsi characters.For this purpose; we proposed two different methods based on neural networks and a specialpost processing approach to improve recognition rate of Farsi uppercase letters. In the firstmethod, we extracted wavelet features from borders of character images and learned a neuralnetwork based these patterns. In th...

Mohammad Reza Jenabzade, Reza Azmi

2011-01-01

470

What does your actor remember? Towards characters with a full episodic memory.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Berlin : Springer, 2007 - (Cavazza, M.; Donikian, S.), s. 89-101 ISBN 978-3-540-77037-4. ISSN 0302-9743. - (Lecture notes in computer science. -. 4871). [4th International Conference on Virtual Storytelling . S.Malo (FR), 05.12.2007-07.12.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : episodic memory * virtual agent Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

Brom, C.; Pešková, K.; Lukavský, Ji?í

471

Creating Psychological Profiles of Characters in To Kill a Mockingbird  

Science.gov (United States)

This lesson asks students to explore the motivation behind characters' actions in To Kill a Mockingbird. Students first engage in a freewrite activity. They then do research and creative thinking to design a poster and plan a presentation representing a psychological profile for a selected character, while determining what specific factors (such as family, career, environment, and so forth) have the greatest influence on the characters' decision making throughout the novel. The groups present their findings to the class by assuming the persona of their character and explaining the psychological factors influencing their behavior in the novel.

Lauren A. Gibbons

2012-07-29

472

How Automatically Do Readers Infer Fictional Characters’ Emotional States?  

OpenAIRE

We propose that reading stories, such as a narrative about a character who takes money from a store where his best friend works and who later learns that his best friend has been fired, stimulates readers to activate the knowledge of how the character feels when he finds out that his best friend has been fired from a job for something he did. In other words, we propose that readers infer fictional character’s emotional states. In this article, we first review two series of laboratory experi...

Gernsbacher, Morton Ann; Hallada, Brenda M.; Robertson, Rachel R. W.

1998-01-01

473

A Two Stage Classification Approach for Handwritten Devanagari Characters  

CERN Document Server

The paper presents a two stage classification approach for handwritten devanagari characters The first stage is using structural properties like shirorekha, spine in character and second stage exploits some intersection features of characters which are fed to a feedforward neural network. Simple histogram based method does not work for finding shirorekha, vertical bar (Spine) in handwritten devnagari characters. So we designed a differential distance based technique to find a near straight line for shirorekha and spine. This approach has been tested for 50000 samples and we got 89.12% success

Arora, Sandhya; Nasipuri, Mita; Malik, Latesh

2010-01-01

474

Psychopathology, addiction severity and temperament character traits in smoking cessation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Conclusion: Detailed psychiatric assessments of nicotine addicts who apply for treatment should be done and personalized treatments should be planned according to their temperament and character traits.

Selime Celik

2014-01-01

475

Harry Potter and "the Landscape of Consciousness": Repeat Home Viewers' Understandings about Character  

Science.gov (United States)

Many children view favourite feature films repeatedly at home and develop understandings of them. This article discusses findings from a study which focused on the understandings that 9- and 10-year-old children showed about character in "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets." These findings are reported in terms of a framework appropriate for…

Finch, Brian

2012-01-01

476

Improving Our Moral Landscape Via Character Education: An Opportunity for School Counselor Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

School counselors are uniquely positioned to promote social responsibility and good character development in all students. Although every counselor must continue to embrace diversity and respect differences in personal values, unhealthy student behaviors could be deterred by deciding on ethical values that are necessary to ensure an optimal…

Britzman, Mark J.

2005-01-01

477

Authentic Leadership, Social Cognitive Theory, and Character Education: The Transforming of Theories Into Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

Character development must balance academic achievement. International school environments are diverse and multicultural settings, containing a learning-focused culture. This investigation constructs the sophisticated elements of authentic leadership and the complexities of the social cognitive theory as factors that produce a practical approach…

Banks, Jerome; Mhunpiew, Nathara

2012-01-01

478

International Children's Trade Books: Building Blocks for Character Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of character education has been emphasized since ancient times across cultures and religions as a way to develop morals and values of the younger generations. In this article, the authors highlight several award-winning international children's trade books that reflect the core values recurring in literature and scriptures…

Young, Terrell A.; Hadaway, Nancy L.; Ward, Barbara A.

2013-01-01

479

The character of swirl in turbulent pipe flow with reference to its effect on flowmeters  

OpenAIRE

A theoretical and experimental investigation of the character of in turbulent pipe flow has been carried out and some implications for the use of flowmeters considered. An extensive survey of Industrial users of flowmeters has been made, involving the participation of over 70 companies, which provides information about current industrial practice, attitudes and understanding. Axisymmetric perturbations of fully developed turbulent pipe ...

Halsey, D. M.

1986-01-01

480

CHARACTER RECOGNITION USING DEMPSTER-SHAFER THEORY-COMBINING DIFFERENT DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHODS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Telugu is one of the most predominantly spoken languages in India by millions of people. However, not much work has been reported on the developments of handwritten character recognition methodologies in most Indian languages. Earlier the recognition of offline handwritten characters was done under certain constrained domains. Then several distance measurement methods like similarity, hamming, linear orrelation, cross-correlation, nearest neighbor were used to find the distance between the characters. Out of which the results from nearestneighbor have been found to be the most outstanding. In this paper we propose a method to combine the results of the different distance measurement methods using the Damster-Shafer theory .This idea enables us to obtain a single precision result. It was observed that the combination of these results ultimately enhanced the success rate.

T.Sitamahalakshmi

2010-05-01

481

Hidden geometric character of relativistic quantum mechanics  

Science.gov (United States)

Geometry can be an unsuspected source of equations with physical relevance, as everybody is aware since Einstein formulated the general theory of relativity. However, efforts to extend a similar type of reasoning to other areas of physics, namely, electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and particle physics, usually had very limited success; particularly in quantum mechanics the standard formalism is such that any possible relation to geometry is impossible to detect; other authors have previously trod the geometric path to quantum mechanics, some of that work being referred to in the text. In this presentation we will follow an alternate route to show that quantum mechanics has indeed a strong geometric character. The paper makes use of geometric algebra, also known as Clifford algebra, in five-dimensional space-time. The choice of this space is given the character of first principle, justified solely by the consequences that can be derived from such choice and their consistency with experimental results. Given a metric space of any dimension, one can define monogenic functions, the natural extension of analytic functions to higher dimensions; such functions have null vector derivative and have previously been shown by other authors to play a decisive role in lower dimensional spaces. All monogenic functions have null Laplacian by consequence; in a hyperbolic space this fact leads inevitably to a wave equation with planelike solutions. This is also true for five-dimensional space-time and we will explore those solutions, establishing a parallel with the solutions of the free particle Dirac equation. For this purpose we will invoke the isomorphism between the complex algebra of 4×4 matrices, also known as Dirac's matrices. There is one problem with this isomorphism, because the solutions to Dirac's equation are usually known as spinors (column matrices) that do not belong to the 4×4 matrix algebra and as such are excluded from the isomorphism. We will show that a solution in terms of Dirac spinors is equivalent to a plane wave solution. Just as one finds in the standard formulation, monogenic functions can be naturally split into positive/negative energy together with left/right ones. This split is provided by geometric projectors and we will show that there is a second set of projectors providing an alternate fourfold split. The possible implications of this alternate split are not yet fully understood and are presently the subject of profound research.

Almeida, José B.

2007-01-01

482

A faculty development workshop in narrative-based reflective writing  

OpenAIRE

Narrative approaches are used increasingly in the health professions with a range of objectives. We must acquaint educators with this burgeoning field and prepare them for the incorporation of story-telling in their pedagogical practices. The authors describe a template for a faculty development workshop designed to foster self-reflection through the use of narrative techniques and prepare clinical teachers to deploy such approaches. The design is based on a six-year experience in delivering ...

Boudreau, J. Donald; Liben, Stephen; Fuks, Abraham

2012-01-01

483

Non-malleable extractors via character sums  

CERN Document Server

In studying how to communicate over a public channel with an active adversary, Dodis and Wichs introduced the notion of a non-malleable extractor. A non-malleable extractor dramatically strengthens the notion of a strong extractor. A strong extractor takes two inputs, a weakly-random x and a uniformly random seed y, and outputs a string which appears uniform, even given y. For a non-malleable extractor Ext, the output Ext(x,y) should appear uniform given y as well as Ext(x,A(y)), where A is an arbitrary function with A(y) not equal to y. We show that an extractor introduced by Chor and Goldreich is non-malleable when the entropy rate is above half. It outputs a linear number of bits when the entropy rate is 1/2 + Omega(1). Previously, no nontrivial parameters were known for any non-malleable extractor. To achieve a polynomial running time when outputting many bits, we rely on a widely-believed conjecture about the distribution of prime numbers in arithmetic progressions. Our analysis involves a character sum ...

Wooley, Trevor D

2011-01-01

484

Nonstoichiometry and bond character in unconventional superconductors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The presence of mixed valency in unconventional superconductors is a necessary consequence of the fact that there is chemical equilibrium between the atoms of a transition element having different oxidation states. Consequently, phases described by stoichiometric formulas such as FeSe, Ba(FeAs)2, La2CuO4 etc. deviate in fact from their nominal compositions. These deviations can be considered as doping by replacing some of the cationic atoms FeII and CuII in the conducting units by small amounts of Fe and Cu in higher, sometimes in lower oxidation state. From a consideration of the electronegativity values of the constituents of a selection of widely different unconventional superconductors and corresponding parent-compounds, it is evident that bonds between atoms of the conducting units have higher covalency than bonds between conducting units and charge reservoirs which are mixed ionic/covalent, and bonds within the charge reservoirs which are strongly ionic. In compounds without charge reservoirs, the bonds between neighbouring conducting units have van der Waals character. (orig.)

485

Distortions of ?-coordinated arenes with anionic character.  

Science.gov (United States)

A qualitative analysis of the distortions that operate on the ? system of bridging arenes with anionic character is presented and substantiated by computational studies at the density functional B3LYP and CASSCF levels. The observed effects of bonding to two metal atoms and of the negative charge are an expansion of the arene ring due to the partial occupation of ?* orbitals, an elongation or compression distortion accompanied by a loss of the equivalence of carbon-carbon bonds due to a Jahn-Teller distortion of the arene dianions, and a ring puckering due to a second-order Jahn-Teller distortion that may appear independently of the existence of the first-order effect. The workings of the orbital mixing produced by these distortions have been revealed in a s