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Sample records for storage globulin glo-3a

  1. Seed storage proteins of the globulin family are cleaved post-translationally in wheat embryos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koziol Adam G

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The 7S globulins are plant seed storage proteins that have been associated with the development of a number of human diseases, including peanut allergy. Immune reactivity to the wheat seed storage protein globulin-3 (Glo-3 has been associated with the development of the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes in diabetes-prone rats and mice, as well as in a subset of human patients. Findings The present study characterized native wheat Glo-3 in salt-soluble wheat seed protein extracts. Glo-3-like peptides were observed primarily in the wheat embryo. Glo-3-like proteins varied significantly in their molecular masses and isoelectric points, as determined by two dimensional electrophoresis and immunoblotting with anti-Glo-3A antibodies. Five major polypeptide spots were identified by mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing as belonging to the Glo-3 family. Conclusions These results in combination with our previous findings have allowed for the development of a hypothetical model of the post-translational events contributing to the wheat 7S globulin profile in mature wheat kernels.

  2. Lack of Globulin Synthesis during Seed Development Alters Accumulation of Seed Storage Proteins in Rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Jo, Yeong-Min; Lee, Jong-Yeol; Lim, Sun-Hyung; Kim, Young-Mi

    2015-01-01

    The major seed storage proteins (SSPs) in rice seeds have been classified into three types, glutelins, prolamins, and globulin, and the proportion of each SSP varies. It has been shown in rice mutants that when either glutelins or prolamins are defective, the expression of another type of SSP is promoted to counterbalance the deficit. However, we observed reduced abundances of glutelins and prolamins in dry seeds of a globulin-deficient rice mutant (Glb-RNAi), which was generated with RNA interference (RNAi)-induced suppression of globulin expression. The expression of the prolamin and glutelin subfamily genes was reduced in the immature seeds of Glb-RNAi lines compared with those in wild type. A proteomic analysis of Glb-RNAi seeds showed that the reductions in glutelin and prolamin were conserved at the protein level. The decreased pattern in glutelin was also significant in the presence of a reductant, suggesting that the polymerization of the glutelin proteins via intramolecular disulfide bonds could be interrupted in Glb-RNAi seeds. We also observed aberrant and loosely packed structures in the storage organelles of Glb-RNAi seeds, which may be attributable to the reductions in SSPs. In this study, we evaluated the role of rice globulin in seed development, showing that a deficiency in globulin could comprehensively reduce the expression of other SSPs. PMID:26133242

  3. Lack of Globulin Synthesis during Seed Development Alters Accumulation of Seed Storage Proteins in Rice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye-Jung Lee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The major seed storage proteins (SSPs in rice seeds have been classified into three types, glutelins, prolamins, and globulin, and the proportion of each SSP varies. It has been shown in rice mutants that when either glutelins or prolamins are defective, the expression of another type of SSP is promoted to counterbalance the deficit. However, we observed reduced abundances of glutelins and prolamins in dry seeds of a globulin-deficient rice mutant (Glb-RNAi, which was generated with RNA interference (RNAi-induced suppression of globulin expression. The expression of the prolamin and glutelin subfamily genes was reduced in the immature seeds of Glb-RNAi lines compared with those in wild type. A proteomic analysis of Glb-RNAi seeds showed that the reductions in glutelin and prolamin were conserved at the protein level. The decreased pattern in glutelin was also significant in the presence of a reductant, suggesting that the polymerization of the glutelin proteins via intramolecular disulfide bonds could be interrupted in Glb-RNAi seeds. We also observed aberrant and loosely packed structures in the storage organelles of Glb-RNAi seeds, which may be attributable to the reductions in SSPs. In this study, we evaluated the role of rice globulin in seed development, showing that a deficiency in globulin could comprehensively reduce the expression of other SSPs.

  4. Proteolytic Cleavage at Twin Arginine Residues Affects Structural and Functional Transitions of Lupin Seed 11S Storage Globulin

    OpenAIRE

    Capraro, Jessica; Sessa, Fabio; Magni, Chiara; SCARAFONI, ALESSIO; Maffioli, Elisa; Tedeschi, Gabriella; Croy, Ron R. D.; Duranti, Marcello

    2015-01-01

    The 11S storage globulin of white lupin seeds binds to a metal affinity chromatography matrix. Two unusual stretches of contiguous histidine residues, reminiscent of the multiple histidines forming metal binding motifs, at the C-terminal end of 11S globulin acidic chains were hypothesized as candidate elements responsible for the binding capacity. To prove this, the protein was incubated with a lupin seed endopeptidase previously shown to cleave at twin arginine motifs, recurrent in the seque...

  5. Proteolytic cleavage at twin arginine residues affects structural and functional transitions of lupin seed 11S storage globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capraro, Jessica; Sessa, Fabio; Magni, Chiara; Scarafoni, Alessio; Maffioli, Elisa; Tedeschi, Gabriella; Croy, Ron R D; Duranti, Marcello

    2015-01-01

    The 11S storage globulin of white lupin seeds binds to a metal affinity chromatography matrix. Two unusual stretches of contiguous histidine residues, reminiscent of the multiple histidines forming metal binding motifs, at the C-terminal end of 11S globulin acidic chains were hypothesized as candidate elements responsible for the binding capacity. To prove this, the protein was incubated with a lupin seed endopeptidase previously shown to cleave at twin arginine motifs, recurrent in the sequence region of interest. Upon incubation with this enzyme, the loss of metal binding capacity paralleled that of the anti-his-tag reactive polypeptides. The recovered small proteolytic fragment was analyzed by mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing and found to correspond to the 24-mer region cleaved off at twin arginine residues and containing the natural his-tag-like region. Similarly, when lupin seeds were germinated for a few days, the his-tag containing 11S globulin chain was converted to a form devoid of such region, suggesting that this mechanism is a part of the natural degradatory process of the protein. The hypothesis that the ordered and controlled dismantling of storage proteins may generate peptide fragments with potential functional roles in plant ontogenesis is presented and discussed. PMID:25658355

  6. Identification of three wheat globulin genes by screening a Triticum aestivum BAC genomic library with cDNA from a diabetes-associated globulin

    OpenAIRE

    MacFarlane Amanda J; Melnyk Charles W; Loit Evelin; Scott Fraser W; Altosaar Illimar

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Exposure to dietary wheat proteins in genetically susceptible individuals has been associated with increased risk for the development of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, a wheat protein encoded by cDNA WP5212 has been shown to be antigenic in mice, rats and humans with autoimmune T1D. To investigate the genomic origin of the identified wheat protein cDNA, a hexaploid wheat genomic library from Glenlea cultivar was screened. Results Three unique wheat globulin genes, Glo-3A...

  7. SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as: Testosterone-estrogen Binding Globulin; TeBG Formal name: Sex Hormone Binding Globulin Related tests: Testosterone , Free Testosterone, ... I should know? How is it used? The sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) test may be used ...

  8. N-terminal amino acid sequences of chloroform/methanol-soluble proteins and albumins from endosperms of wheat, barley and related species: Homology with inhibitors of ?-amylase and trypsin and with 2 S storage globulins

    OpenAIRE

    Shewry, Peter; Lafiandra, Domenico; Salcedo Duran, Gabriel; Aragoncillo Ballesteros, Cipriano; García Olmedo, Francisco; Lew, Ellen; Dietler, Mary; Kasarda, Donald

    1984-01-01

    The N-terminal amino acid sequences of two chloroform/methanol soluble globulins from barley and one form wheat are reported. They are homologous with N-terminal sequences previously reported for ?-amylase and trypsin inhibitors from cereals and 2 S storage proteins from castor bean and rape. Three albumins were also purified from Aegilops squarrosa and Triticum monococcum. These had N-terminal amino acid sequences most closely related to the ?-amylase and trypsin inhibitors. The relationship...

  9. The molecular biology and biochemistry of rice endosperm ?-globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author's first objective was to isolate a cDNA clone that encodes the rice endosperm ?-globulin. Purified antibodies against a rice storage protein, ?-globulin, were used to screen a ?gt11 cDNA expression library constructed from immature rice seed endosperm. The cDNA insert of clone 4A1 (identified by antibody screening) was used as a probe to identify long cDNA inserts in the library. The deduced amino acid sequence of clone A3-12 cDNA insert (identified by cDNA screening) contained the amino acid sequences of three cyanogen bromide peptides fragment of ?-globulin. The calculated molecular weight and amino acid composition of the deduced amino acid sequence were similar to the ?-globulin protein. Northern blot analysis indicated that mRNA of one size, approximately 1.0 kb, is expressed. Southern genomic blot analysis revealed one band with EcoRI or Hind III digestion. Cell-free translation and immunoprecipitation showed that the initial translation product is approximately 2,000 daltons larger than the mature protein. The amino acid sequence of ?-globulin revealed limited regions of similarities with wheat storage proteins. The author concludes that the cDNA insert in clone A3-12 contained the entire coding region of ?-globulin protein and that ?-globulin is encoded by a single gene. My second objective was to inhibit the degradation of ?-globulin in the salt extract of rice flour. The salt extract of rice flour contained an acid protease whose optimal pH was 3 for 3H-casein hydrolysis. A polypeptide with molecular weight of 20,000 was immunologically reactive with ?-globulin antibodies and is produced by limited proteolysis in the extract. Pepstatin inhibited the proteolysis of 3H-casein and slowed the proteolysis of ?-globulin

  10. Vicilins (7S storage globulins) of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) larvae

    OpenAIRE

    M.P. Sales; P.P. Pimenta; N.S. Paes; Grossi-de-Sá, M. F.; Xavier-Filho, J.

    2001-01-01

    The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed vicilins (7S storage proteins) bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicilins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vic...

  11. Vicilins (7S storage globulins) of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) larvae

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M.P., Sales; P.P., Pimenta; N.S., Paes; M.F., Grossi-de-Sá; J., Xavier-Filho.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed vicilins (7S storage proteins) bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicil [...] ins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vicilins in the appropriate sections with immunogold conjugates. These labeling sites coincided with the sites labeled by an anti-chitin antibody. These results, taken together with those previously published showing that the lower rates of hydrolysis of variant vicilins from C. maculatus-resistant seeds by the insect's midgut proteinases and those showing that vicilins bind to chitin matrices, may explain the detrimental effects of variant vicilins on the development of C. maculatus larvae.

  12. Vicilins (7S storage globulins of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae larvae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.P. Sales

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata seed vicilins (7S storage proteins bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicilins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vicilins in the appropriate sections with immunogold conjugates. These labeling sites coincided with the sites labeled by an anti-chitin antibody. These results, taken together with those previously published showing that the lower rates of hydrolysis of variant vicilins from C. maculatus-resistant seeds by the insect's midgut proteinases and those showing that vicilins bind to chitin matrices, may explain the detrimental effects of variant vicilins on the development of C. maculatus larvae.

  13. Purification of equine Gc-globulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houen, Gunnar; Pihl, Tina Holberg

    Objectives With the aim of producing antibodies for an equine Group specific component (Gc)-globulin assay, the protein was purified from normal equine plasma. Methods Equine Gc-globulin was purified from healthy horse plasma using ion exchange chromatography (Q-Sepharose, CM-Sepharose) and preparative PAGE. Results Equine Gc-globulin has successfully been purified from healthy horse plasma and rabbits and mice are being immunized to produce specific antibodies. Conclusions Purification of equine Gc-globulin and the production of specific antibodies will make it possible to develop an assay for measuring Gc-globulin in horses. Studies in rodents and humans have shown that Gc-globulin is a multifunctional acute phase plasma protein, which removes actin from the blood by binding it and facilitating its clearance from the circulation by the liver. As such, Gc-globulin prevents hyper coagulation, shock and death in human patients with massive actin release caused by severe tissue injuries like physical trauma, sepsis, endotoxemia, or liver failure. Gc-globulin is consumed in this process, and the plasma concentration of free Gc-globulin hence decreases rapidly after tissue injury and has shown to be a sensitive marker of acute tissue injury and fatal outcome in humans. Patients with a low plasma concentration of Gc-globulin due to severe tissue injury might potentially benefit from infusions with purified Gc-globulin [1]. With an equine Gc-globulin assay, future studies will investigate the concentration of Gc-globulin in colic horses with intestinal ischemia were Gc-globulin might be useful as a diagnostic and prognostic marker. Horses with intestinal ischemia often die, despite of expensive surgical treatment, because of endotoxemia and shock, therefore these horses potentially could benefit from Gc-globulin infusions.

  14. Sex hormone binding globulin phenotypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cornelisse, M M; Bennett, Patrick; Christiansen, M; Blaakaer, J; Gluud, C; Andersen, J R; Homann, C; Garred, P

    1994-01-01

    Human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is encoded by a normal and a variant allele. The resulting SHBG phenotypes (the homozygous normal SHBG, the heterozygous SHBG and the homozygous variant SHBG phenotype) can be distinguished by their electrophoretic patterns. We developed a novel detection system allowing us to distinguish between the different electrophoretic patterns in small amounts of plasma or serum (10 microliters). Small aliquots of Blue Sepharose were added to diluted sera or plas...

  15. Purification of equine Gc-globulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houen, Gunnar; Pihl, Tina Holberg; Andersen, Pia Haubro; Jacobsen, Stine; Olsen, Dorthe Tange

    2010-01-01

    Objectives With the aim of producing antibodies for an equine Group specific component (Gc)-globulin assay, the protein was purified from normal equine plasma. Methods Equine Gc-globulin was purified from healthy horse plasma using ion exchange chromatography (Q-Sepharose, CM-Sepharose) and preparative PAGE. Results Equine Gc-globulin has successfully been purified from healthy horse plasma and rabbits and mice are being immunized to produce specific antibodies. Conclusions Purification of equin...

  16. Purification of equine Gc-globulin

    OpenAIRE

    HOUEN, GUNNAR; Pihl, Tina Holberg; Andersen, Pia Haubro; Jacobsen, Stine; Olsen, Dorthe Tange

    2010-01-01

    Objectives With the aim of producing antibodies for an equine Group specific component (Gc)-globulin assay, the protein was purified from normal equine plasma. Methods Equine Gc-globulin was purified from healthy horse plasma using ion exchange chromatography (Q-Sepharose, CM-Sepharose) and preparative PAGE. Results Equine Gc-globulin has successfully been purified from healthy horse plasma and rabbits and mice are being immunized to produce specific antibodies. Conclusions Purification of eq...

  17. Genetics Home Reference: Corticosteroid-binding globulin deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... binding globulin deficiency and may include treatment providers. American Heart Association: Understanding Blood Pressure Readings Genetic Testing Registry: Corticosteroid-binding globulin deficiency You might ...

  18. Total Protein and Albumin/Globulin Ratio Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... limited. Home Visit Global Sites Search Help? Total Protein and A/G Ratio Share this page: Was ... as: TP; Albumin/Globulin Ratio Formal name: Total Protein; Albumin to Globulin Ratio Related tests: Albumin ; Liver ...

  19. Antithymocyte globulin stimulates human hematopoietic progenitor cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, A T; Mold, N G; Zhang, S F

    1987-01-01

    Antithymocyte globulin (ATG), a horse antihuman thymus antiserum highly effective in the majority of patients with aplastic anemia, was studied for its in vitro effects on hematopoietic progenitor cells. Marrow cells isolated by an immunoadherence technique with the HPCA-1 (human progenitor cell antigen) monoclonal antibody after removal of contaminating T cells and macrophages formed erythroid colonies in methyl cellulose media in the presence of ATG at concentrations of 25-50 micrograms/ml....

  20. Immune Reconstitution Following Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin

    OpenAIRE

    Gurkan, S; Luan, Y.; Dhillon, N; Allam, S. R.; Montague, T; Bromberg, J.S.; Ames, S.; Lerner, S; Ebcioglu, Z.; Nair, V.; Dinavahi, R.; Sehgal, V; Heeger, P.; Schroppel, B.; Murphy, B

    2010-01-01

    Depletional induction therapies are routinely used to prevent acute rejection and improve transplant outcome. The effects of depleting agents on T-cell subsets and subsequent T-cell reconstitution are incompletely defined. We used flow cytometry to examine the effects of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) on the peripheral T-cell repertoire of pediatric and adult renal transplant recipients. We found that while rATG effectively depleted CD45RA+CD27+ naï?ve and CD45RO+CD27+ central memory CD...

  1. Purified equine rabies immune globulin: a safe and affordable alternative to human rabies immune globulin.

    OpenAIRE

    Wilde, H.; Chomchey, P.; Punyaratabandhu, P; Phanupak, P.; Chutivongse, S

    1989-01-01

    Reported are the results of a retrospective study of 3156 patients who were treated at the Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Bangkok, with equine rabies immune globulin (ERIG). Only 51 patients (1.6%) exhibited serum-sickness-like reactions, none of which persisted for more than a week, and only 8 of these patients (15%) were treated with a short course of steroids. One patient, whose skin test was negative, had an immediate anaphylactic reaction to ERIG that responded to parenteral therapy ...

  2. Horse Antithymocyte Globulin as Salvage Therapy after Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin for Severe Aplastic Anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Scheinberg, Phillip; Townsley, Danielle; Dumitriu, Bogdan; Scheinberg, Priscila; Weinstein, Barbara; Rios, Olga; Wu, Colin O; Young, Neal S.

    2014-01-01

    The effectiveness of salvage therapy for aplastic anemia patients unresponsive to initial rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG) or cyclophosphamide is not known. We investigated standard horse ATG (h-ATG) plus cyclosporine (CsA) in patients who were refractory to initial r-ATG/CsA (n=19) or cyclophosphamide/CsA (n=6) (registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00944749). The primary endpoint was hematologic response at 3 months and was defined as no longer meeting criteria for severe aplastic ane...

  3. Dexamethasone suppresses sex-hormone binding globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, R E; Rajguru, S; Nolan, G H; Ahluwalia, B S

    1988-01-01

    Dexamethasone suppression (DEX-S) for 14 days has been used to determine the probable source of androgen excess. The exact mechanism(s) of DEX-S is still unclear. The authors postulated that dexamethasone (DEX) inhibits either the synthesis or secretion of sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG). To examine this hypothesis, 14 women with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) and 3 volunteers were given DEX for 14 days. The PCOD group included obese and nonobese women (+/- 15% ideal body weight). Plasma determinations by radioimmunoassay of total testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, luteinizing hormone; follicle-stimulating hormone; cortisol, and SHBG were made. DEX suppressed SHBG levels (P less than 0.01). SHBG levels were significantly lower in the obese than in the nonobese (P less than 0.01). All androgens were suppressed by DEX, with the exception of androstenedione post-DEX levels, which were significantly greater than pre-DEX levels in 6 of 14 subjects (P greater than 0.05). This observation is consistent with DEX suppression of SHBG. PMID:3121398

  4. Comparison of horse and rabbit antithymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy for refractory cytopenia of childhood

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshimi, Ayami; Van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M.; Baumann, Irith; Schwarz, Stephan; Simonitsch-Klupp, Ingrid; De Paepe, Pascale; Campr, Vit; Kerndrup, Gitte Birk; O’Sullivan, Maureen; Devito, Rita; Leguit, Roos; Hernandez, Miguel; Dworzak, Michael; de Moerloose, Barbara; Starý, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Refractory cytopenia of childhood is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children. In this study, we compared the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy using horse antithymocyte globulin (n=46) with that using rabbit antithymocyte globulin (n=49) in 95 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood and hypocellular bone marrow. The response rate at 6 months was 74% for horse antithymocyte globulin and 53% for rabbit antithymocyte globulin (P=0.04). The inferior response in ...

  5. The proteomic analysis of barley albumins and globulins.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Laštovi?ková, Markéta; Bobálová, Janette

    2008-01-01

    Ro?. 102, ?. 15 (2008), s709-s711. ISSN 1803-2389. [Meeting on Chemistry and Life /4./. Brno, 09.09.2008-11.09.2008] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0570 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40310501 Keywords : barley * albumins * globulins Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation

  6. 21 CFR 862.1330 - Globulin test system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Globulin test system. 862.1330 Section 862.1330 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CLINICAL CHEMISTRY AND CLINICAL TOXICOLOGY DEVICES Clinical Chemistry Test Systems §...

  7. Treatment of neonatal sepsis with intravenous immune globulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brocklehurst, Peter; Farrell, Barbara; King, Andrew; Juszczak, Edmund; Darlow, Brian; Haque, Khalid; Salt, Alison; Stenson, Ben; Tarnow-Mordi, William; Greisen, Gorm; Reinholdt, Jes

    2011-01-01

    Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of death and complications despite antibiotic treatment. Effective adjunctive treatments are needed. Newborn infants are relatively deficient in endogenous immunoglobulin. Meta-analyses of trials of intravenous immune globulin for suspected or proven neonatal sepsis suggest a reduced rate of death from any cause, but the trials have been small and have varied in quality.

  8. Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG), Estradiol And Breast Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Fortunati, N.; Catalano, M.G; Boccuzzi, G.; Frairia, R.

    2009-01-01

    Summary The human serum Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG) plays an important role in breast cancer pathophysiology and risk definition, since it regulates the bioavailable fraction of circulating estradiol. We here summarize data reported over the years concerning the involvement of SHBG and SHBG polymorphisms in the definition of breast-cancer risk. We also report what is known about the direct action of SHBG in breast cancer cells, illustrating its interaction with these cells ...

  9. Polyclonal Antithymocyte Globulin and Cardiovascular Disease in Kidney Transplant Recipients

    OpenAIRE

    Ducloux, Didier; Courivaud, Cécile; Bamoulid, Jamal; Crepin, Thomas; Chalopin, Jean-Marc; Tiberghien, Pierre; Saas, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    T-lymphocyte activation may contribute to atherosclerosis, the prevalence of which is increased in transplant patients. However, the cardiovascular consequences of polyclonal antithymocyte globulin (ATG)–induced immune modifications, which include alterations in T-cell subsets, are unknown. We conducted a retrospective single-center study to assess whether ATG associates with an increased incidence of atherosclerotic events (CVEs) in kidney transplant patients. Propensity score analysis was p...

  10. Functionality of succinylated Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa HBK) kernel globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto Ramos, Cíntia Maria; Bora, Pushkar Singh

    2005-03-01

    One of the possible ways to improve the utilisation of defatted Brazil nut kernel flour, a by-product of oil extraction industries, is to improve its functional properties by chemical modification as it possesses very modest functional characteristics. Succinylated Brazil nut kernel globulin at 55.8%, 62.4% and 72.0% level showed a positive effect on functionality. The solubility of acylated globulin was improved above pH 4.0 but was reduced in the pH range of 3.0-4.0. Water absorption (1.96-4.00, 4.12, and 4.21 ml/g protein), oil absorption capacity (1.44-2.72, 2.80 and 2.94 ml/g protein) and apparent viscosity of the succinylated globulin increased with increase in the level of succinylation. The extent of modification also influenced emulsifying capacity, which showed a decrease at pH 3.0, but was increased at pH 5.0,7.0 and 9.0. Highest emulsion activity (approximately 63.0%) was observed at pH 3.0, followed by pH 9.0 and pH 7.0 and, least (about 11.8%) at pH 5.0. Emulsion stability also followed similar behaviour as that of emulsion activity. The improved functional properties of succinylated Brazil nut kernel globulin could be explored in a variety of food formulations such as high protein drinks, soups, bakery and meat products as well as in salad dressings and mayonnaise as an emulsifier. PMID:15898352

  11. Simplified method for measuring sex-hormone binding globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe a simple, rapid method for measurement of sex-hormone binding globulin. Serial dilutions of pregnancy serum are prepared in serum from males that has been pre-treated by heating to 60 degrees C for 1 h to destroy endogenous binding globulin, which is then determined by a long-used technique to yield a set of ''standards.'' In the assay itself, a fixed amount of [3H]-labeled and unlabeled dihydrotestosterone is incubated with standard or unknown, and the bound fraction precipitated with saturated ammonium sulfate. A plot of percent of the steroid bound vs standard dilution yields a sigmoid curve, from which the results in unknowns can be read by simple extrapolation. Within-assay CVs for pools of serum from men, women, and women in late pregnancy were 6.56, 9.59, and 8.4%, respectively. Between-assay CVs for the same pools were 8.05, 9.5, and 11.5%, respectively. The correlation between results obtained by this method and those of the older technique was 0.95 for samples from non-pregnant subjects and 0.73 for those from pregnant women. Our procedure is simpler and faster than previous methods and accurately measures the differences in the globulin in sera from men, women, and pregnant women. Forty to 50 samples can be assayed in a working day

  12. The effect of 60Co gamma radiation on human serum gamma-globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of 60Co gamma radiation on human serum gamma-globulin was studied in vitro experiments. Solutions of 0.5 percent gamma-globulin were exposed to 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.9 Mrad doses 60Co gamma irradiation. Experiments showed that electrophoretic mobility of serum gamma-globulin decreased after gamma irradiation. No significant change in gamma-globulin UV absorption spectrum was observed at 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.9 Mrad doses. Gamma-globulin becomes progressively less soluble in water as the radiation doses is increased. Radiation induced transformation into insoluble gamma-globulin agregates and scission products. (author)

  13. Features of gamma-globulin denaturation at thermal and ?-radiating influences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effect of different doses of gamma radiation of 57Co isotope on the peculiarities in spectral alterations of globulin-gamma is studied as well as effect of 55 deg C and 70 deg C temperatures. Data on the specific character of hypochromic and hyperchromic effects, bathochromic and hypsochromic shifts in separate derivatives of the absorption spectrum of globulin-gamma are presented. Proposition on the exclusiveness of hyperchromic effect in case of globulin-gamma and albumin denaturation is removed

  14. ALTERATIONS IN TOTAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATION, SERUM PROTEIN FRACTIONS AND ALBUMIN/GLOBULIN RATIO IN HEALTHY RABBITS

    OpenAIRE

    Nuzhat Sultana; Rahila Najam

    2013-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of oral administration of Aloe vera and was to evaluate total serum protein, albumin and globulin concentrations as well as albumin / globulin (A / G) ratio. Twenty rabbits weighing 1000 – 1800 g were divided into 2 groups. Each group consisted of ten animals. One served as control and other group served as experimental group. Results show that animals after 07, 15 and 30 days dosing of Aloe vera showed highly significant decrease in total protein and globulin a...

  15. Production of late IFN-? induced by plasma ?-globulin fraction proteins and their metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheknev, S B; Babajanz, A A; Efremova, I E; Piskovskaya, L S

    2011-04-01

    Plasma ?-globulin fraction proteins, copper and zinc cations, and metal complexes they form with human serum ?-globulin induce the production of IFN-? by human blood cells throughout the periods of up to 72 h. Zinc cation-modified protein by 1.6 times (p<0.05) more actively induces late IFN-? than the control ?-globulin; ?-globulin-copper metal complex is 2-fold (p<0.002) more effective than the control protein. The results indicate that functional relationships between the components inducing the production of late IFN-? differ from the effects realized during the early period of induction. PMID:22235427

  16. Partial deficiency of thyroxine-binding globulin: an HLA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hníková, O; Ivasková, E; Kracmar, P; Kupková, L; Sajdlová, H; Zikmund, J

    1993-01-01

    Partial thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) deficiency, with a median TBG of 2.3 mg/l, was found in 25 mature babies with hypothyroxinaemia (3 girls and 22 boys) from our screening programme for congenital hypothyroidism during 1988-1990. Analysis of the HLA system revealed the possibility that antigen DR6 may be considered as a risk factor for TBG deficiency (44.0 vs. 19.2%) and DR2 as a protective factor (16.0 vs. 37.5%). Similar laboratory findings were also present in 16 mothers and 1 father. PMID:8112720

  17. Comparison of horse and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy for refractory cytopenia of childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoshimi, Ayami; van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M; Baumann, Irith; Schwarz, Stephan; Simonitsch-Klupp, Ingrid; de Paepe, Pascale; Campr, Vit; Birk Kerndrup, Gitte; O' Sullivan, Maureen; Devito, Rita; Leguit, Roos; Hernandez, Miguel; Dworzak, Michael; de Moerloose, Barbara; Stary, Jan; Hasle, Henrik; Smith, Owen P; Zecca, Marco; Catala, Albert; Schmugge, Markus; Locatelli, Franco; Führer, Monika; Fischer, Alexandra; Guderle, Anne; Nöllke, Peter; Strahm, Brigitte; Niemeyer, Charlotte M

    2014-01-01

    Refractory cytopenia of childhood is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children. In this paper, we compared the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy using horse anti-thymocyte globulin (n = 46) with that using rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (n = 49) in 95 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood and hypocellular bone marrow. The response rate at 6 months was 74% for horse anti-thymocyte globulin and 53% for rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (p = 0.04). The inferior respo...

  18. Induction of TNF-? production by metal complexes of ?-globulin fraction proteins and copper and zinc cations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheknev, S B; Efremova, I E; Apresova, M A; Babajantz, A A

    2013-04-01

    Plasma ?-globulin fraction proteins, copper and zinc cations, and metal complexes of these cations and human serum ?-globulin induce the production of TNF-? by human blood cells. The protein modified by zinc cations is by 1.4-1.7 times more potent (p<0.001-0.01) than control ?-globulin in inducing the production of TNF-?, while metal complex formed by ?-globulin and copper is by 1.9-2.2 times more potent that the control protein (p<0.001). Under conditions of experimental induction, TNF-? is produced as a typical early response cytokine. During long-term incubation, copper cations lose the ability to induce TNF-? production, while in combination with ?-globulin these cations produce a synergistic effect with the control protein. PMID:23658917

  19. Production of early IL-1? induced by human serum ?-globulin metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheknev, S B; Efremova, I E; Piskovskaya, L S; Yushkovets, E N; Babajanz, A A

    2013-01-01

    Plasma ?-globulin fraction proteins, copper and zinc cations, and metal complexes formed by them with human serum ?-globulin induce the production of early (24-h incubation) IL-1? by human blood cells. The protein modified by Zn cations 1.2 times more actively (p<0.01) induced early IL-1? than the control ?-globulin, while ?-globulin metal complex with copper was 1.4 times less active (p<0.1) than the control protein. The regularities of induction changed over the course of 48-h incubation: zinc cations chelated by ?-globulin fraction protein reduced, while copper cations stimulated the realization of the protein induction potential in the metal complex. PMID:23484196

  20. Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG), estradiol and breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortunati, N; Catalano, M G; Boccuzzi, G; Frairia, R

    2010-03-01

    The human serum Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG) plays an important role in breast cancer pathophysiology and risk definition, since it regulates the bioavailable fraction of circulating estradiol. We here summarize data reported over the years concerning the involvement of SHBG and SHBG polymorphisms in the definition of breast cancer risk. We also report what is known about the direct action of SHBG in breast cancer cells, illustrating its interaction with these cells and the subsequent initiation of a specific intracellular pathway leading to cross-talk with the estradiol-activated pathway and, finally, to the inhibition of several effects of estradiol in breast cancer cells. In conclusion, as a result of its unique property of regulating the estrogen free fraction and cross-talking with the estradiol pathways, by inhibiting estradiol-induced breast cancer cell growth and proliferation, SHBG is associated with a reduced risk of developing the neoplasm after estrogen exposure. PMID:19770023

  1. Identification and characterization of wheat grain albumin/globulin allergens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, W; Huber, G; Engel, K H; Pethran, A; Dunn, M J; Gooley, A A; Görg, A

    1997-05-01

    Bakers' asthma, an immediate-type allergic response to the inhalation of cereal flours, is an important occupational disease among workers of the baking and milling industries, and the salt-soluble proteins of wheat and rye flour dust are considered the most relevant allergens. In order to identify and characterize the major IgE-binding proteins, the polypeptide composition of the albumin/globulin protein fraction obtained from different cultivars was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and high-resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with immobilized pH gradients in the first dimension (IPG-Dalt), followed by immunoblotting with sera from asthmatic bakers. Relevant allergens were isolated by micropreparative IPG-Dalt and blotting onto polyvinylidenedifluoride membranes and identified by amino acid composition analysis or N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis. SDS-PAGE, IPG-Dalt, and immunoblotting demonstrated that the sera of the bakers allergic to flour contained IgE antibodies which bound to numerous albumin/globulin polypeptides in the 70, 55, 35, 26-28, and 14-18 kDa areas. More detailed investigations using IPG-Dalt revealed cultivar-specific differences in IgE-binding. It was also demonstrated that the majority of the allergens were not single polypeptide spots, but consisted of up to ten isoforms of similar molecular mass but different isoelectric points. Amino acid composition analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis, which were performed for nine allergens located in the 14-18, 26-28, and 35 kDa areas, revealed homologies to amylase/protease inhibitors, acyl-CoA oxidase and fructose-bisphosphate-aldolase from wheat, barley, maize, and rice, respectively. PMID:9194615

  2. CONFORMATION CHANGES OF HUMAN SERUM ?–GLOBULIN IN THE PRESENCE OF ZINC IONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Cheknev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Conformational changes of human serum ?–globulin during interaction with the zinc ions were studied in a solution. It has been shown that the presence of zinc in over its physiological concentrations led to increase in optical density across the whole spectrum of ?–globulin ultraviolet absorption. On the contrary, hypochromia in the spectrum was registered after interaction of the protein with zinc used in subphisiological concentrations. Possible role of divalent metal cations in changes in conformation of the blood serum ?–globulins, and thereby in regulation of their effector functions was discussed. (Med. Immunol., 2005, vol.7, ? 4, pp. 375–380

  3. ?-Globulin fraction proteins and their metal complexes with copper cations in induction of IL-8 production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apresova, M A; Efremova, I E; Babayants, A A; Cheknev, S B

    2014-04-01

    Plasma ?-globulin fraction proteins, copper cations, and metal complexes formed by copper cations with human serum ?-globulin induce the production of up to 4.0 ng/ml IL-8 by human blood cells. Protein modified by copper cations is 1.3-1.7-fold (p < 0.001-0.01) more potent than control ?-globulin and 1.3-fold (p < 0.001) more potent than copper cations alone. Analysis of the time course of IL-8 production demonstrated that IL-8 is produced as a prolonged or delayed response cytokine under conditions of this induction. PMID:24824707

  4. SIFAT FUNGSIONAL PRODUK INTERAKSI FRAKSI GLOBULIN 7S KOMAK (Dolichos lablab DAN GUM XANTAN [Functional Properties of the Interaction Product Between Globulin of 7S Fraction of Lablab Bean (Dolichos lablab with Xantan Gum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukamto1*

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Lablab bean (Dolichos lablab seeds is a potential source of protein globulin.The bean’s protein content is 20.86 %, and the amount of globulin was more than 60% from the total protein, having major fractions of 7S and 11S. The objectives of this research were to explore the 7S globulin fractions, to study interaction between 7S globulin fractions with xanthan gum, and to observe the functional properties of the product of the interaction. The research was conducted in 2 steps. The first step was to fractionate the 7S fractions from globulin. The second steps was to interact 7S globulin fraction with xanthan gum. The yield of these interaction were examined for its physicochemical and functional properties. The results showed that the 7S globulin fractions could be interacted by xanthan gum at pH 7. The interacted product of globulin 7S fraction 10 % with xanthan gum 0,75 % had good functional properties than globulin 7S fraction, such as oil holding capacity, foaming capacity, and emulsion activity. Water holding capacity could not be detected because the yield became soluble. However,the foaming and emulsifying stability were still lower than those of soybean protein isolates. The research concluded that xanthan gum could be used to improve the physicochemical and functional properties of globulin 7S fraction.

  5. INDUCTION OF IL-8 PRODUCTION BY THE METAL COMPLEXES OF ?-GLOBULIN FORMED WITH ZINC IONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Apresova

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study has shown detectable production of IL-8, as a fraction of cytokine pool induced in culture of human peripheral blood cells (PBCs. Mean amounts of IL8 produced in presence of ?-globulin fraction proteins and/or their metal complexes with zinc ions varied from 575.0±27.77 to 6355.0±480.98 pg/ ml. The complexes of ?-globulin with zinc (48 h of culture caused increase of IL-8 production that was 1.8-fold higher than with control ?-globulin and 1.4-fold higher than with of zinc ions alone (p < 0.02. Dynamic tracking of the cytokine levels has shown that PBCs induced with ?-globulin/metal complexes produced IL8 as a factor of prolonged or late-type response.

  6. Globulin-platelet model predicts minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B virus infected patients

    OpenAIRE

    Xu-Dong Liu; Jian-Lin Wu; Jian Liang; Tao Zhang; Qing-Shou Sheng

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To establish a simple model consisting of the routine laboratory variables to predict both minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 114 chronic HBV-infected patients who underwent liver biopsy in two different hospitals. Thirteen parameters were analyzed by step-wise regression analysis and correlation analysis. A new fibrosis index [globulin/platelet (GP) model] was developed, including globulin (GLOB) ...

  7. The effect of immune globulin on the response to trivalent oral poliovirus and yellow fever vaccinations

    OpenAIRE

    Kaplan, Jonathan E.; Nelson, David B.; Schonberger, Lawrence B; Hatch, Milford H.; Thomas P. Monath; Lazuick, John S.; Charles H. Calisher; Rosa, Franz W.

    1984-01-01

    To assess whether immune globulin may be administered concurrently with trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) or yellow fever vaccine, antibody responses were studied in Peace Corps volunteers embarking for overseas duty in 1978. Of 200 volunteers who received OPV, 192 (96%) had pre-existing neutralizing antibody to at least 2 poliovirus types; of 160 yellow fever vaccinees, 24 (15%) had pre-existing 17D yellow fever antibody. Each volunteer received 5 ml of immune globulin, 0-7 days before...

  8. Gc globulin as a diagnostoc and prognostic marker in horses : A Ph.d. project

    OpenAIRE

    Pihl, Tina Holberg

    2008-01-01

    Group specific (Gc) globulin also known as vitamin D-binding protein is part of the extracellular actin-scavenging system that removes actin from the circulation. Actin is an intracellular structural protein, which is released to blood in patients with tissue injury and cell death. Circulating actin forms filaments, which cause microthrombi and endothelial injury. These effects of circulating actin are extremely harmful, and high levels of free actin are potentially lethal. Gc-globulin binds ...

  9. Thermal denaturation of sunflower globulins in low moisture conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DSC analysis in pressure resisting pans of sunflower oil cake makes appear the endothermic peak of sunflower globulins denaturation. Its temperature decreases from 189.5 to 119.9 deg. C while the corresponding enthalpy increases from 2.6 to 3.3 J/g of sample, or from 6.7 to 12.2 J/g of dry protein, when the samples moisture content varies from 0 to 30.0% of the total weight. The plot of the denaturation temperature versus the moisture content is not linear but has a rounded global shape and seems to follow the hydration behavior of the proteins, modeled with the sorption isotherm. As it can be seen on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs, protein corpuscles 'melt' after such a thermal treatment and large aggregates form by coagulation. Moisture dependence of the 'fusion' temperature of native proteic organization, in low moisture conditions, offers so a new characterization method for the use of vegetable proteins in agro-materials

  10. Radioimmunoassay of human sex hormone binding globulin: improved radioiodination procedure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), purified by affinity chromatography from retroplacental blood plasma, was reacted with 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl) propionic acid N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester (PHPPS, Bolton-Hunter reagent). The derivative of SHBG obtained (parahydroxyphenylpropionyl-SHBG; PHPP-SHBG) was stable and could, in contrast to underived SHBG, be efficiently 125I-iodinated with a lactoperoxidase technique. The PHPP-SHBG labelled with 125I had good antiserum binding and stability properties and was used for radioimmunoassay (RIA) of SHBG in serum. The RIA requires a total incubation time of 3 h. It has been standardized with purified SHBG and has a sensitivity of 5 ?g/l, giving a lowest detectable concentration in the routine procedure of about 0.2 mg/l. Variation within and between assay was 4.1% and 7.2%, respectively, for samples with values within the normal range. Values obtained by this RIA procedure correlate well with those obtained by a dihydrotestosterone binding method and by an electroimmunoassay technique. The mean serum concentration of SHBG in healthy, regularly menstruating women (n=42) was 3.7+-1.0 mg/l and in healthy men (n=100) 2.0+-0.9 mg/l. (Author)

  11. Thermal denaturation of sunflower globulins in low moisture conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rouilly, A.; Orliac, O.; Silvestre, F.; Rigal, L

    2003-03-05

    DSC analysis in pressure resisting pans of sunflower oil cake makes appear the endothermic peak of sunflower globulins denaturation. Its temperature decreases from 189.5 to 119.9 deg. C while the corresponding enthalpy increases from 2.6 to 3.3 J/g of sample, or from 6.7 to 12.2 J/g of dry protein, when the samples moisture content varies from 0 to 30.0% of the total weight. The plot of the denaturation temperature versus the moisture content is not linear but has a rounded global shape and seems to follow the hydration behavior of the proteins, modeled with the sorption isotherm. As it can be seen on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs, protein corpuscles 'melt' after such a thermal treatment and large aggregates form by coagulation. Moisture dependence of the 'fusion' temperature of native proteic organization, in low moisture conditions, offers so a new characterization method for the use of vegetable proteins in agro-materials.

  12. Polyclonal antithymocyte globulin and cardiovascular disease in kidney transplant recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducloux, Didier; Courivaud, Cécile; Bamoulid, Jamal; Crepin, Thomas; Chalopin, Jean-Marc; Tiberghien, Pierre; Saas, Philippe

    2014-06-01

    T-lymphocyte activation may contribute to atherosclerosis, the prevalence of which is increased in transplant patients. However, the cardiovascular consequences of polyclonal antithymocyte globulin (ATG)-induced immune modifications, which include alterations in T-cell subsets, are unknown. We conducted a retrospective single-center study to assess whether ATG associates with an increased incidence of atherosclerotic events (CVEs) in kidney transplant patients. Propensity score analysis was performed to address potential confounding by indication. We also tested whether ATG use induces a proatherogenic immune status. Sixty-nine (12.2%) CVEs occurred during follow-up (87±31 months). The cumulative incidence of CVEs was higher in ATG-treated patients (14.7% versus 8.2%; P=0.03). Cox regression analysis revealed that ATG use was an independent risk factor for CVEs (hazard ratio [HR], 2.36; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.35 to 4.13; P=0.003). Results obtained in the propensity score match analysis recapitulated those obtained from the overall cohort (HR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.11 to 3.98; P=0.02). Late-stage differentiated CD8(+) T cells increased 1 year after transplantation only in ATG-treated patients. More generally, ATG associated with features of immune activation. These modifications increased markedly in patients exposed to cytomegalovirus (CMV). Subanalyses suggest that the effect of ATG on CVEs is restricted to CMV-exposed patients. However, CMV infection associated significantly with CVEs only in ATG-treated patients (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.16 to 3.70; P=0.01). In conclusion, ATG associated with both immune activation and post-transplant CVEs in this cohort. Further studies should precisely determine whether ATG-induced immune activation is the causal link between ATG and CVEs. PMID:24511120

  13. Interactions between carbon nanodots with human serum albumin and ?-globulins: The effects on the transportation function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zi-Qiang; Yang, Qi-Qi; Lan, Jia-Yi; Zhang, Jia-Qi; Peng, Wu; Jin, Jian-Cheng; Jiang, Feng-Lei; Liu, Yi

    2016-01-15

    Carbon nanodots (C-dots) have attracted great attention as a new class of luminescent nanomaterials due to their superior physical and chemical properties. In order to better understand the basic behavior of C-dots in biological systems, a series of photophysical measurements were applied to study the interactions of C-dots with human serum albumin (HSA) and ?-globulins. The fluorescence of proteins was quenched by the dynamic mechanism rather than the formation of a protein/C-dots complex. The apparent dissociation constants of the C-dots bound to HSA and ?-globulins were of the same order of magnitude. Furthermore, it is proven that C-dots showed little influence on the conformation of HSA and ?-globulins. In addition, Fourier transform infrared and fluorescence spectroscopic studies demonstrated that the interaction between C-dots and two kinds of serum proteins was driven by hydrophobic and van der waals forces. Since the bioavailability of drugs can be modulated by their interactions with proteins, the variations of binding constants of three drugs with HSA and ?-globulins in the presence of different concentrations of C-dots (0-84?molL(-1)) have also been analyzed in this work, to reflect the effect of C-dots on the transportation function of HSA and ?-globulins. PMID:26368798

  14. PRODUCTION OF IL-18 IN PRESENCE OF METAL-?-GLOBULIN COMPLEXES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Cheknev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Present  study  used  in  vitro  cultures  of  human  peripheral  blood  cells  (PBC with  addition  of ?-globulins, or  their complexes with copper and zinc, or  single copper and zinc  ions. We have  shown  that, among  common  pool  of  induced  cytokines,  interleukin-18  (IL-18  was detectable  at  a concentration  of 24.4±1.03 to 33.25±0.90 pg/ml. IL-18 production in PBC after 24h treatment with ?-globulin-zinc complexes zinc was higher by 13-19%  than  following 24-h  incubation with control proteins, or zinc  ions. Accordingly,   IL-18 production in PBC after 72-h  incubation with ?-globulin copper  complexes  was higher than with control proteins.  In parallel  to  IL-18, human  PBC  produce detectable   interferon  (IFN, up  to  32 U/ml.  We have  shown  a  strong positive correlation between  the peaks of IFN  increase,  and elevated IL-18  levels  caused  by ?-globulin-metal  complexes.  Hence,  an opportunity  for  regulation of intracellular IL-18  and  IFN  production  by  ?-globulin-metal  complexes  at  the  level  of  basal  cell  functions  was  demonstrated  in  context  of  IFN? induction, thus causing Th1-directed shift of immune response.

  15. EVALUATION OF IL-6 PRODUCTION BY HUMAN BLOOD CELLS INCUBATED WITH METAL COMPLEXES OF ?-GLOBULIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Cheknev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study has shown that that a common cytokine pool induced in cultured human peripheral blood cells (PBC supplied by either ?-globulin fraction proteins, copper or zinc cations, or appropriate metal complexes, contains detectable amounts of IL-6 (0.39+0.14 to 2.04+0.16 ng/ml. ?-globulin complexes with zinc or copper ions are able to induce production of IL-6 in amounts differing from those induced by control proteins, or copper and zinc ions used alone. IL-6 production by PBC in presence of ?-globulin/zinc complexes was 1.5 to 2.5-fold higher than with control proteins or single zinc ions at 24, 48 and 72 hrs of observation, whereas IL-6 production by PBC in presence of ?-globulin complexes with copper was higher than with appropriate control proteins or copper ions used alone for 48 and 72 hrs of cell incubation (resp., 1.7 to 2.4 and 2.8 to 4.6-fold increase. Possible role of copper and zinc ions chelated by ?-globulins from the microenvironment and modifying the Fc regions of antibodies, is considered a potential regulatory factor of IL-6 production by human PBC.

  16. ALTERATIONS IN TOTAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATION, SERUM PROTEIN FRACTIONS AND ALBUMIN/GLOBULIN RATIO IN HEALTHY RABBITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuzhat Sultana

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study assessed the effect of oral administration of Aloe vera and was to evaluate total serum protein, albumin and globulin concentrations as well as albumin / globulin (A / G ratio. Twenty rabbits weighing 1000 – 1800 g were divided into 2 groups. Each group consisted of ten animals. One served as control and other group served as experimental group. Results show that animals after 07, 15 and 30 days dosing of Aloe vera showed highly significant decrease in total protein and globulin and highly significant decrease in Albumin after 15 and 30 days of dosing of Aloe vera in comparison to control animals group. It is concluded that the long-term use of Aloe vera may cause hypoglobinemia and hypoalbuminemia at 30 days of dosing and it could be due to the liver diseases, evidence of hepatotoxicity induced Aloe vera also reported in previous studies.

  17. Effect of Co-60 irradiation on hyperimmune antimeningococcus globulins-gamma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Globulins-gamma from voluntary blood donors immunized with the Cuban BC antimeningococcus vaccine is now being used in our country for the treatment of the meningococcus disease. This study of the effect of Co-60 irradiation on antimeningococcus globulins-gamma was carried out to try to eliminate the inconvenience shown by the traditionally used sterilization procedures (losses in the filter and persistence of viral contamination). globulins-gamma was obtained by ethanol fractionation and was irradiated at a different dose in solution with different stabilizers and it was also lyophilized. Results of the chemical controls carried out lead to the conclusion that it is possible to use radiosterilization on this product in a lyophilized form. The preservation of bactericidal activity, even after the highest irradiation doses, confirms the above mentioned. 13 refs

  18. Interaction of serum sex steroid-binding globulin with cell membranes of human decidual tissue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interaction of the sex steroid-binding globulin (SBG) of human blood with plasma membranes of cells from human decidual tissue - the target tissue of estradiol - was studied. It was shown that SBG in complex with estradiol is capable of interacting specifically with these membranes. The dissociation (K/sub dis/) of this interaction is equal to (3.5 +/- 2.0) 10-12 M. The interaction of the SBG-estradiol complex with the membranes is characterized by high selectivity: such blood serum globulins as albumin, orosomucoid, transferrin, transcortin, and thyroxine-binding globulin do not compete with SBG for its binding sites on the membranes. The SBG-testosterone complex and SBG without steroid are also incapable of interacting with the membranes

  19. Detection of IFN-alpha produced in the presence of plasma gamma-globulin fraction proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheknyov, S B; Babayants, A A; Efremova, I E; Yushkovets, E N

    2009-05-01

    Interferon-alpha was detected in IFN pool produced by human leukocytes in the presence of gamma-globulin fraction proteins, copper and zinc cations, and metal-modified gamma-globulins. The cytokine appeared in culture medium at early terms (24 h) of incubation, is characterized by acid resistance, and is neutralized by antibodies to IFN-alpha. The content of IFN-alpha in supernatants of induced leukocytes reached 60-90 pg/ml and correlated with antiviral activity of the samples. Zinc bound to human serum gamma-globulin attenuated and copper stimulated the realization of IFN-inducing characteristics of the protein at early terms of incubation. PMID:19907752

  20. Comparison of horse and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy for refractory cytopenia of childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoshimi, Ayami; van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M

    2014-01-01

    Refractory cytopenia of childhood is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children. In this paper, we compared the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy using horse anti-thymocyte globulin (n = 46) with that using rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (n = 49) in 95 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood and hypocellular bone marrow. The response rate at 6 months was 74% for horse anti-thymocyte globulin and 53% for rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (p = 0.04). The inferior response in the rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin group resulted in lower 4-year-transplantation-free (69% vs. 46%; p = 0.003) and failure-free (58% vs. 48%; p = 0.04) survival in this group compared with those in the horse anti-thymocyte globulin group. However, because of successful second-line hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, overall survival was comparable between groups (91% vs. 85%, p = ns). The cumulative incidence of relapse (15% vs. 9%, p = ns) and clonal evolution (12% vs. 4%, p = ns) at 4 years was comparable between groups. Our results suggest that the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy with rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin is inferior to that of horse anti-thymocyte globulin. Although immunosuppressive therapy is an effective therapy in selected patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood, the long-term risk of relapse or clonal evolution remains. (ClinicalTrial.gov identifiers: NCT00662090).

  1. Long-term outcome after immunosuppressive therapy with horse or rabbit antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine for severe aplastic anemia in children

    OpenAIRE

    Jeong, Dae Chul; Chung, Nack Gyun; Cho, Bin; Zou, Yao; Ruan, Min; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki; Muramatsu, Hideki; Ohara, Akira; Kosaka, Yoshiyuki; Yang, Wenyu; Kim, Hack Ki; Zhu, Xiaofan; Kojima, Seiji

    2014-01-01

    Some prospective studies showed that rabbit antithymocyte globulin was inferior to horse antithymocyte globulin as first-line therapy for patients with severe aplastic anemia. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome of 455 children with severe aplastic anemia who received horse antithymocyte globulin (n=297) or rabbit antithymocyte globulin (n=158) combined with cyclosporine as first-line therapy between 1992 and 2010. The response rates were comparable between the horse and rabbit a...

  2. [Variability of some blood serum beta-globulins in the life cycle of the true sturgeons (Acipenseridae)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subbotkin, M F; Subbotkina, T A

    2008-01-01

    Blood proteins of true sturgeons of three genera Acipenser, Huso, and Pseudocaphirhynchus preserving unidirectional variability in ontogenesis regardless of peculiarities of the fish ecology can indicate unity of origin of the current species. Age-related protein transformations have heterochronous character. The slowest ontogenetic development lasting 4-6 years is peculiar to one of antigens of beta-globulins. Analysis of variability of beta-globulins in the age diapason beginning from the 4-month-old fry and including adult spawned individuals indicates different functional significance of their individual components. The beta A-globulin absent at early postembryonic stages becomes the second, after albumin, quantitatively predominant antigen in the adult fish blood. The amount of beta B-globulin, like antigens of alpha 1- and alpha 2-globulins preserving relative ontogenetic stability, can decrease significantly in freshwater sturgeons due to their preparation for spawning. PMID:18767555

  3. The identification of albumin and globulin fraction of proteins and glycoproteins isolated from barley grains.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Laštovi?ková, Markéta; Mazanec, Karel; Chmelík, Josef

    Bratislava : Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics , Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2006. s. 221. ISBN 80-969532-6-5. [Biochemický zjazd /20./. 12.09.2006-16.09.2006, Pieš?any] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0570 Keywords : albumin * globulin * barley Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation

  4. Is the sex hormone binding globulin related to preeclampsia independent of insulin resistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the association between Sex Hormone Binding Globulin and preeclampsia in Iranian women considering the probable confounding effect of insulin resistance. Methods: The case-control study was conducted at the Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and comprised pregnant women who received prenatal care at Amiralmomenin Hospital in 2011. Cases represented patients admitted because of preeclampsia, while controls were randomly selected eligible pregnant women without hypertension and/or proteinuria. Fasting blood sugar and insulin were assessed for all participants as well as their blood concentration of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin. The Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance Score was used. The correlation between dependant and independent variables was reported by crude and adjusted odds ratio applying logistic regression models. SPSS 16.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Of the 100 pregnant women in the study, 45(45%) were cases. Insulin resistance was found to be significantly more frequent in the cases compared to the controls (adjusted odds ratio=2.78; 95% Confidence Interval: 1.11, 6.90; p<0.01). There was a significant reverse correlation between level of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin in blood and being a case of preeclampsia (adjusted odds ratio=0.99; 95% Confidence Interval: 0.98, 1.00; p=0.04). Conclusion: Independent of insulin resistance, every 1nmol/l increase in Sex Hormone Binding Globulin, decreases the odds of preeclampsia by 1%, notifying Sex Hormone Binding Globulin as an important biomarker about its etiology and prediction. (author)

  5. Antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen: immunochemical purification from standard immune serum globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, R Y

    1980-01-01

    Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) may be insolubilized onto a controlled pore glass (CPG) matrix by simple adsorption from acidified serum or plasma. The resultant complex has the properties of an HBsAg-specific immunoadsorbent. In this study, CPG-HBsAg complexes have been used to adsorb anti-HBs from standard immune serum globulin. Specific antibodies were eluted with acidic or chaotropic buffers. Recoveries ranging from 29 to 46 per cent, with purifications of approximately 1000-fold were obtained. Two procedures designed to inactivate hepatitis B virus had no effect upon the immunoadsorbent properties of the CPG-HBsAg complex. The possibility of using this simple method to prepare hepatitis B immune globulin is discussed. PMID:6245484

  6. A simple ligand-binding assay for thyroxine-binding globulin on reusable Sephadex columns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method for the assay of thyroxine-binding globulin on reusable Sephadex G-25 columns is described. It depends upon elution by diluted iodothyronine-free serum of protein-bound [125I]thyroxine from the columns under conditions where binding to thyroxine-binding prealbumin and albumin are abolished. It is simple, rapid and precise, and permits determinations inlarge numbers of samples. Values (mg/l; mean +- S.D.) were: normals 31.6+-5.4, hyperthyroid 28.3+-4.8, hypothyroid 40.6+-7.5, oral contraceptives 40.1+-6.8, pregnant 50.3+-5.4, cirrhotics 20.7+-4.3. Concentrations were reduced in serum heated at 56degC, while the uptake of [125I]triiodothyronine was increased. There was a significant negative correlation between thyroxine-binding globulin concentration and triiodothyronine uptake in the heated serum samples and in euthyroid subjects

  7. Differentiation of normal marrow and HL60 cells induced by antithymocyte globulin.

    OpenAIRE

    Hunter, R F; Mold, N G; Mitchell, R. B.; Huang, A T

    1985-01-01

    Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) therapy is an important treatment alternative for patients with acquired aplastic anemia. The mechanism by which it exerts its effects on hematopoiesis is unknown. In this report, we describe the ability of horse ATG to induce growth and differentiation of normal bone marrow. A single cell suspension of normal human bone marrow was cultured in methylcellulose medium and examined for the growth and maturation after incubation with ATG (10 micrograms/ml). After 3-4 ...

  8. A reliable and practicable DCC assay of sex harmone binding globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A DCC assay of sex hormone binding globulin in plasma with testosterone as the ligand was reported. SHBG was measured with a multiple ligand dose procedure and calculations based on a Scatchard plot. The reliability of the method was assessed by parallelism test, variations within-and between-asssays and comparison with the results assayed with DHT. The method can give reliable results and is practicable for SHBG assay

  9. New Directions for Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin (Thymoglobulin®) in Solid Organ Transplants, Stem Cell Transplants and Autoimmunity

    OpenAIRE

    Mohty, Mohamad; Bacigalupo, Andrea; Saliba, Faouzi; Zuckermann, Andreas; Morelon, Emmanuel; Lebranchu, Yvon

    2014-01-01

    In the 30 years since the rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) Thymoglobulin® was first licensed, its use in solid organ transplantation and hematology has expanded progressively. Although the evidence base is incomplete, specific roles for rATG in organ transplant recipients using contemporary dosing strategies are now relatively well-identified. The addition of rATG induction to a standard triple or dual regimen reduces acute cellular rejection, and possibly humoral rejection. It is an appr...

  10. N-Glycans Modulate the Function of Human Corticosteroid-Binding Globulin*

    OpenAIRE

    Sumer-Bayraktar, Zeynep; Kolarich, Daniel; Campbell, Matthew P; Ali, Sinan; Packer, Nicolle H.; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten

    2011-01-01

    Human corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), a heavily glycosylated protein containing six N-linked glycosylation sites, transports cortisol and other corticosteroids in blood circulation. Here, we investigate the biological importance of the N-glycans of CBG derived from human serum by performing a structural and functional characterization of CBG N-glycosylation. Liquid chromatography-tandem MS-based glycoproteomics and glycomics combined with exoglycosidase treatment revealed 26 complex ty...

  11. Postexposure Prevention of Progressive Vaccinia in SCID Mice Treated with Vaccinia Immune Globulin ?

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, R. W.; Reed, J L; Snoy, P J; Mikolajczyk, M. G.; Bray, M; Scott, D E; Kennedy, M. C.

    2010-01-01

    A recently reported case of progressive vaccinia (PV) in an immunocompromised patient has refocused attention on this condition. Uniformly fatal prior to the licensure of vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) in 1978, PV was still fatal in about half of VIG-treated patients overall, with a greater mortality rate in infants and children. Additional therapies would be needed in the setting of a smallpox bioterror event, since mass vaccination following any variola virus release would inevitably result...

  12. THE EFFECTS OF COPPER AND ZINC IONS DURING THEIR BINDING WITH HUMAN SERUM ?-GLOBULIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Cheknev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Conformational changes of human serum ?-globulin were studied during and after its binding with copper and zinc ions, using molecular ultrafiltration and differential spectrophotometry. The contents of nonbound metals in the filtrate were evaluated, resp., with sodium diethyl thyocarbamate and o-phenanthroline. It has been shown that copper and zinc exhibited common biological properties during their interactions with protein, but the binding differed sufficiently under similar experimental conditions. E.g., it was confirmed that copper was more active at the external sites of ?-globulin molecule, whereas zinc demonstrated tropicity for the areas of protein intraglobular compartments. The metal-binding sites have been described that differ in their parameters of interactions with cations and their spatial location within globular domains. Approaches are suggested for dynamic analysis of saturation for these differently located sites by the metal ions. We discuss the issues of altered conformational state of the ?-globulin molecule during the binding of cations, as well as potential usage of these data in clinical immunology.

  13. COMPARATIVE ELECTROPHORETIC PATTERNS OF ALBUMINS/ GLOBULINS EXTRACTED FROM DRY GRAINS AND GREEN MALTS OF BARLEY VARIETIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Strelec

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Applicability of electrophoretic separations of albumins/globulins, followed by nonspecific protein staining and specific glycoprotein and aminopeptidase detection has been examined for barley variety discrimination. Albumins/globulins extracted from dry grains and green malt of six barley varieties were separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (10 % T, pH=8.9 of native and sodium dodecyl sulfate denatured proteins, and by isoelectric focusing in pH gradient of 3.5-9.5 and 4.0-6.5. Analysis of dry grain extracts gave better results than green malt extracts. Obtained data indicate that SDS-PAGE of albumins/globulins and IEF in pH gradient 3.5-9.5 followed by Coomassie Blue staining could be useful in Croatian barley variety discrimination. Angora barley could be clearly distinguished from the other varieties which were grouped as follows: Rodnik/Sladoran, Barun/Rex, and Martin. Glycoprotein patterns did not improve the recognition of individual varieties. Broad specificity, phenylalanine and leucine preferring, and arginine specific aminopeptidase were not found as applicable markers for discrimination of examined barley varieties.

  14. Purification and biochemical characterization of 11S globulin from chan (Hyptis suaveolens L. Poit) seeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bojórquez-Velázquez, Esaú; Lino-López, Gisela J; Huerta-Ocampo, José A; Barrera-Pacheco, Alberto; Barba de la Rosa, Ana P; Moreno, Abel; Mancilla-Margalli, N Alejandra; Osuna-Castro, Juan A

    2016-02-01

    Chan (Hyptis suaveolens) is a Mesoamerican crop highly appreciated since the pre-Hispanic cultures. Its proteins are a good source of essential amino acids; however, there are no reports on the properties of its individual proteins. In this study, the 11S globulin (Hs11S) was purified and biochemically characterized. The molecular weight of native Hs11S was about 150-300kDa with isoelectric points of 5.0-5.3, composed by four monomers of 53.5, 52, 51.1 and 49.5kDa, each formed by one acidic subunit and one basic subunit linked by a disulfide bond. Dynamic light scattering, size exclusion chromatography and native PAGE show that Hs11S is assembled in different oligomeric forms. LC-MS/MS analysis confirmed its identity. Hs11S presents antigenic determinants in common with lupin 11S globulin. Carbohydrate moieties or phosphate groups linked to Hs11S were not detected. This information is very useful in order to exploit and utilize rationally chan 11S globulin in food systems. PMID:26304339

  15. The utilization of lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) and faba bean globulins by rats is poorer than of soybean globulins or lactalbumin but the nutritional value of lupin seed meal is lower only than that of lactalbumin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio, L A; Grant, G; Scislowski, P W; Brown, D; Bardocz, S; Pusztai, A

    1995-08-01

    The effects of dietary sweet lupin (Lupinus angustifolius, Unicrop) seed meal or its insoluble fiber (nonstarch polysaccharides + lignin) on performance, digestibility and nitrogen utilization in growing rats were studied in four experiments. Globulin proteins isolated from lupin, faba bean (Vicia faba L. minor) or soybean (Glycine max) were also incorporated into purified diets as replacements for lactalbumin (control) and the nutritional effects were evaluated. Isocaloric, legume-based diets supplemented with amino acids were used. Final weight gain, gain:feed ratios, nitrogen retention and net protein utilization of the animals fed whole lupin meal-based diets for 10 d were inferior to those of controls. In contrast, adding lupin insoluble fiber to a control diet produced no adverse effects. Ileal starch and apparent nitrogen digestibilities, and fecal digestibility of starch in lupin-fed rats were higher than those of controls, but fecal true nitrogen digestibility was lower. Replacement of lactalbumin with globulin proteins from lupin or faba bean depressed food intake and protein utilization, but only performance was affected by consumption of soybean globulins. Rats consuming lupin or faba bean globulins excreted significantly more nitrogen, particularly as urea through the urine. This did not occur in rats fed soybean globulins. Urea concentration in plasma was higher in rats fed diets containing lupin meal or legume globulins. The concentrations of urea, arginine and ornithine in plasma increased significantly compared with control values after 3 to 9 h of a lupin diet. After 9 h, plasma lysine was also decreased. We concluded that the main reasons for the low nutritional value of sweet lupin seed meal are likely to be related to the chemical structure of the globulin proteins and their adverse effects on growth and nitrogen metabolism, and not to any known antinutritional factor or poor digestibility. PMID:7643249

  16. Conformational characteristics of legume 7S globulins as revealed by circular dichroic, derivative u.v. absorption and fluorescence techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, S S; Damodaran, S

    1990-01-01

    The 7S globulin storage proteins, phaseolin, vicilin, and beta-conglycinin of, respectively, dry bean, field pea, and soybean, are highly homologous, have similar predicted protein structures, and yet exhibit considerable differences in their susceptibility to various proteinases [Nielsen, S.S., Deshpande, S.S., Hermodson, M.A. & Scott, M.P. (1988) J. Agric. Food Chem. 36, 896-902]. These differences in their proteolytic behavior were studied in relation to their solution conformational states. The secondary structures of these three proteins determined by far u.v. circular dichroism were characterized by predominantly beta-sheet and beta-turn parameters. However, characterization of tertiary and quaternary structures using second derivative u.v. absorption spectroscopy, surface hydrophobicity using cis-parinaric acid as hydrophobic probe, and fluorescence quenching studies of intrinsic Trp fluorescence using an ionic (iodide) and a neutral (acrylamide) quencher indicated sharp differences in the conformation of these proteins. About 9.6 and 10.2 out of 13 and 15 tyrosyls/subunit of phaseolin and beta-conglycinin, respectively, were exposed to polar solvent, while the surface hydrophobicity varied beta-conglycinin greater than vicilin greater than phaseolin. The Trp residues in phaseolin were not accessible to iodide, while half those of vicilin and beta-conglycinin were quenched. The order of Trp accessibility to acrylamide was vicilin greater than beta-conglycinin greater than phaseolin. The relative compactness of these three proteins based on these studies was related to the observed differences in their susceptibility to various proteinases. PMID:2323881

  17. Protein Pattern Analysis of Blood Globulin to Estimation of Genetic Distance among Population of Tegal, Magelang, and Mojosari Duck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AT Sadewo

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available The research to estimation gene frequency on the protein pattern on blood globulin and to estimation genetic distance among population Tegal, Magelang and Mojosari duck. The material were blood samples from 30 heads of duck. Electroforesis technique was used Sodium Dedocyl Sulfate (SDS polyacrilamide cel elekctroforesis according to Deutcher (1990 method with instrument of polyacrilamide electroforesis vertical system (Mini-protean II, Bio-Rad was used for analysis protein of blood globulin. The gene frequency was estimated according to direct account method and tested for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, whereas the genetic distance was estimated by Nei (1972. Result the analysis of electroforesis showed that locus of globulin on the local duck population was controlled by three kind of gene. The gene frequency og GlbA GlbB and GlbC was about 0.05-0.50, migration distance was about 23-60 mm. The genetic distance among Tegal, Magelang and Mojosari duck as 0.010. result of the research was concluded that the protein pattern of blood globulin is usable to estimate both genetic distance and the relationship among population of Tegal, Magelang, and Mojosari duck and also it is estimated that the geographyc location represents a factor that influence the genetic distance. (Animal Production 7(3: 177-184 (2005 Key Words : Blood Globulin, Genetic Distance, Duck Population

  18. Rhesus and African green monkey leukocyte response to steroids, antithymocyte globulin, and 60Co treatments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rhesus and African green monkeys were treated with dexamethasome, antithymocyte globulin, 60Co irradiation, or combinations of those immunosuppressive agents, and the leukocyte response was followed. The lymphocyte population could be significantly depressed with 60Co, but dexamethasone was required to maintain a low lymphocyte count. The ability of the immunosuppressed animals to support the growth of transplanted tumor cells was markedly enhanced by the addition of ATG to the treatment schedule, even though ATG had no effect on the numbers of leukocytes in the peripheral circulation

  19. Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calculated free testosterone, and oestradiol in male vegans and omnivores.

    OpenAIRE

    Key, TJ; ROE, L; THOROGOOD, M; Moore, JW; Clark, GM; Wang, DY

    1990-01-01

    Total testosterone (T), total oestradiol (E2) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations were measured in plasma samples from fifty-one male vegans and fifty-seven omnivores of similar age. Free T concentration was estimated by calculation. In comparison with the omnivores, the vegans had 7% higher total T (P = 0.250), 23% higher SHBG (P = 0.001), 3% lower free T (P = 0.580), and 11% higher E2 (P = 0.194). In a subset of eighteen vegans and twenty-two omnivores for whom 4 d diet r...

  20. Interactions of protein content and globulin subunit composition of soybean proteins in relation to tofu gel properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Andrew T; Yang, Aijun

    2016-03-01

    The content and globulin subunit composition of soybean proteins are known to affect tofu quality and food-grade soybeans usually have higher levels of proteins. We studied the tofu quality of soybeans with high (44.8%) or low (39.1%) protein content and with or without the 11S globulin polypeptide, 11SA4. Both protein content and 11SA4 significantly affected tofu gel properties. Soybeans containing more protein had smaller seeds which produced significantly firmer (0.663 vs.0.557 N, psoybeans to further improve soy food quality. PMID:26471556

  1. Energy storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discusses the role that energy storage may have on the energy future of the US. The topics discussed in the chapter include historical aspects of energy storage, thermal energy storage including sensible heat storage, latent heat storage, thermochemical heat storage, and seasonal heat storage, electricity storage including batteries, pumped hydroelectric storage, compressed air energy storage, and superconducting magnetic energy storage, and production and combustion of hydrogen as an energy storage option

  2. Preparation of anti-CEA and anti-goat ?-globulin sera for radioimmunologic assay of carcinoembryonic antigen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goats were immunized with purified carcinoembryonic antigen, and the suitability of the antisera for clinical assays of carcinoembryonic antigen was characterized. Reactivity of equine sera to goat ?-globulin as a precipitating factor in the radioimmunologic double antibody technique was also evaluated. (author)

  3. Abnormal puberty in paediatric Cushing's disease: relationship with adrenal androgen, sex hormone binding globulin and gonadotrophin concentrations.

    OpenAIRE

    Dupuis, CC; Storr, HL; Perry, LA; Ho, JT; Ahmed, L.; Ong, KK; Dunger, DB; Monson, JP; Grossman, AB; Besser, GM; Savage, MO

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Paediatric Cushing's disease is frequently associated with abnormal puberty. We addressed the hypothesis that prepubertal patients show excessive virilization and pubertal patients show suppression of LH and FSH secretion. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: Serum androstenedione (A4), dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS), testosterone (T), and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were determined at diagnosis and converted to standard deviation scores. LH, FSH concentrations were also deter...

  4. Is serum sex hormone-binding globulin a dominant risk factor for metabolic syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yi-Hong; Zhao, Ming-Jia; Zhou, Shan-Jie; Lu, Wen-Hong; Liang, Xiao-Wei; Xiong, Cheng-Liang; Wan, Chang-Chun; Shang, Xue-Jun; Gu, Yi-Qun

    2015-01-01

    This multi-center, cross-sectional study investigated the association between serum testosterone (T) levels, serum sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels, and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) in 3332 adult Chinese men. The prevalence of MS was 34.7%, and men with MS had lower serum levels of total T (TT) and SHBG than those without MS (P smoking and drinking status, and serum TT (odds ratio [OR] 0.962, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.954-0.969, Psmoking and drinking status (OR 0.981, 95% CI 0.960-1.007). Our study reveals that both serum TT and SHBG levels, but not serum FT, are inversely associated with the prevalence of MS and that serum SHBG is an independent and dominant risk factor for MS. PMID:25851658

  5. [The mechanisms of the interaction of sex hormones with serum albumin and gamma-globulins studied by the methods of equilibrium dialysis and fluorescence quenching].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karachentsev, A N; Mel'chenko, I A

    1997-01-01

    The molecular mechanisms of sex hormones (testosterone, progesterone, 17 beta-estradiol) binding with human serum albumin and gamma-globulins were studied. According to the data of equilibrium dialysis, all the sex hormones under study bind with the blood plasma proteins, mainly with the serum albumin. In interaction of the sex hormones with serum albumin and gamma globulins, conformation changes of the proteins occur increasing their molecular affinity. PMID:9376764

  6. Elimination of undesirable immunoglobulin contaminants including aggregated IgG from gamma-globulin preparations by jackfruit lectin affinity chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondoh, H; Kobayashi, K

    1988-05-13

    Jackfruit lectin, jacalin, has been characterized to combine with IgA of only IgA1 subclass but not with IgA2 subclass and other immunoglobulins. However, we found in the present study that a lectin from another batch of jackfruit (Jacalin-H) showed a different nature in binding reaction. Jacalin-H combined with immunoglobulins of every class or subclass except monomer IgG. More interestingly, the Jacalin-H also combined with aggregated IgG. By means of the Jacalin-H affinity chromatography, we could efficiently eliminate aggregated IgG as well as immunoglobulins other than monomer IgG from commercial gamma-globulin preparations. Jacalin-H affinity chromatography is easy, inexpensive and efficient in the elimination of undesirable immunoglobulin contaminants in the commercial gamma-globulin preparations. PMID:2454765

  7. Proposal of abolition of the skin sensitivity test before equine rabies immune globulin application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CUPO Palmira

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available An epizootic outbreak of rabies occurred in 1995 in Ribeirão Preto, SP, with 58 cases of animal rabies (54 dogs, 3 cats and 1 bat confirmed by the Pasteur Institute of São Paulo, and one human death. The need to provide care to a large number of people for the application of equine rabies immune globulin (ERIG prevented the execution of the skin sensitivity test (SST and often also the execution of desensitization, procedures routinely used up to that time at the Emergency Unit of the University Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (EU-UHFMRP-USP, a reference hospital for the application of heterologous sera. In view of our positive experience of several years with the abolition of SST and of the use of premedication before the application of antivenom sera, we used a similar schedule for ERIG application. Of the 1489 victims of animal bites, 1054 (71% received ERIG; no patient was submitted to SST and all received intravenously anti-histamines (anti-H1 + anti-H2 and corticosteroids before the procedure. The patients were kept under observation for 60 to 180 minutes and no adverse reaction was observed. On the basis of these results, since December 1995 ERIG application has been decentralized in Ribeirão Preto and has become the responsibility of the Emergency Unit of the University Hospital and the Central Basic Health Unit, where the same routine is used. Since then, 4216 patients have received ERIG (1818 at the Basic Health Unit and 2398 at the EU-UHFMRP, with no problems. The ideal would be the routine use of human rabies immune globulin (HRIG in public health programs, but this is problematic, because of their high cost. However, while this does not occur, the use of SST is no longer justified at the time of application of ERIG, in view of the clinical evidence of low predictive value and low sensitivity of SST involving the application of heterologous sera. It is very important to point out that a negative SST result may lead the health team to a feeling of false safety that no adverse reaction will occur, but this is not true for the anaphylactoid reactions. The decision to use premedication, which is based on knowledge about anaphylaxis and on the pharmacology of the medication used, is left to the judgment of health professionals, who should always be prepared for eventual untoward events.

  8. The fate of vicilins, 7S storage globulins, in larvae and adult Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Sheila M; Uchôa, Adriana F; Silva, José R; Samuels, Richard I; Oliveira, Antônia E A; Oliveira, Eliana M; Linhares, Ricardo T; Alexandre, Daniel; Silva, Carlos P

    2010-09-01

    The fate of vicilins ingested by Callosobruchus maculatus and the physiological importance of these proteins in larvae and adults were investigated. Vicilins were quantified by ELISA in the haemolymph and fat body during larval development (2nd to 4th instars), in pupae and adults, as well as in ovaries and eggs. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the majority of absorbed vicilins were degraded in the fat body. Tracing the fate of vicilins using FITC revealed that the FITC-vicilin complex was present inside cells of the fat body of the larvae and in the fat bodies of both male and female adult C. maculatus. Labelled vicilin was also detected in ovocytes and eggs. Based on the results presented here, we propose that following absorption, vicilins accumulate in the fat body, where they are partially degraded. These peptides are retained throughout the development of the insects and eventually are sequestered by the eggs. It is possible that accumulation in the eggs is a defensive strategy against pathogen attack as these peptides are known to have antimicrobial activity. Quantifications performed on internal organs from larvae of C. maculatus exposed to extremely dry seeds demonstrated that the vicilin concentration in the haemolymph and fat body was significantly higher when compared to larvae fed on control seeds. These results suggest that absorbed vicilins may also be involved in the survival of larvae in dry environments. PMID:20230826

  9. Protein Pattern Analysis of Blood Globulin to Estimation of Genetic Distance among Population of Tegal, Magelang, and Mojosari Duck

    OpenAIRE

    AT Sadewo

    2005-01-01

    The research to estimation gene frequency on the protein pattern on blood globulin and to estimation genetic distance among population Tegal, Magelang and Mojosari duck. The material were blood samples from 30 heads of duck. Electroforesis technique was used Sodium Dedocyl Sulfate (SDS) polyacrilamide cel elekctroforesis according to Deutcher (1990) method with instrument of polyacrilamide electroforesis vertical system (Mini-protean II, Bio-Rad) was used for analysis protein of blood globul...

  10. Effect of weight reduction on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin, sex hormones and gonadotrophins in obese children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkebaek, N H; Lange, Aksel

    2010-01-01

    Obesity in men is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hypoandrogenism, while obesity in women is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hyperandrogenism. In children, the effect of obesity and weight reduction on the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis is rarely investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of weight reduction in obese Caucasian children on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), DHEAS and the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis.

  11. Effect of weight reduction on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin, sex hormones and gonadotrophins in obese children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkebaek, N H; Lange, A; Holland-Fischer, Peter; Kristensen, K; Rittig, Søren; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Handberg, A; Gronbaek, H

    2010-01-01

    Obesity in men is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hypoandrogenism, while obesity in women is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hyperandrogenism. In children, the effect of obesity and weight reduction on the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis is rarely investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of weight reduction in obese Caucasian children on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), DHEAS and the hypothalamo-pituitary...

  12. Intravenous immune globulin use in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-related thrombocytopenia who require dental extraction.

    OpenAIRE

    Rarick, M. U.; Burian, P.; Guzman, N.; ESPINA, B.; Montgomery, T.; Jamin, D.; Levine, A.M.

    1991-01-01

    Five patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related immune thrombocytopenia who were undergoing dental extraction were treated with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG). All patients received IVIG, 1 gram per kg, the day before the dental extraction and again the day of the dental extraction. Four patients had a previous history of minor clinical bleeding. The median baseline platelet count before extraction was 20 X 10(9) per liter (range 13 to 44). The median peak platelet count was...

  13. A Rapid Release of Corticosteroid-Binding Globulin from the Liver Restrains the Glucocorticoid Hormone Response to Acute Stress

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Xiaoxiao; Droste, Susanne K.; Gutièrrez-Mecinas, María; Collins, Andrew; Kersanté, Flavie; Reul, Johannes M. H. M.; Linthorst, Astrid C. E.

    2011-01-01

    A strict control of glucocorticoid hormone responses to stress is essential for health. In blood, glucocorticoid hormones are for the largest part bound to corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), and just a minor fraction of hormone is free. Only free glucocorticoid hormone is able to exert biological effects, but little is known about its regulation during stress. We found, using a dual-probe in vivo microdialysis method, that in rats, the forced-swim stress-induced rise in free corticosteron...

  14. Genetic evidence that raised sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perry, John R B; Weedon, Michael N; Langenberg, Claudia; Jackson, Anne U; Lyssenko, Valeriya; Sparsø, Thomas; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Grallert, Harald; Ferrucci, Luigi; Maggio, Marcello; Paolisso, Giuseppe; Walker, Mark; Palmer, Colin N A; Payne, Felicity; Young, Elizabeth; Herder, Christian; Narisu, Narisu; Morken, Mario A; Bonnycastle, Lori L; Owen, Katharine R; Shields, Beverley; Knight, Beatrice; Bennett, Amanda; Groves, Christopher J; Ruokonen, Aimo; Jarvelin, Marjo Riitta; Pearson, Ewan; Pascoe, Laura; Ferrannini, Ele; Bornstein, Stefan R; Stringham, Heather M; Scott, Laura J; Kuusisto, Johanna; Nilsson, Peter; Neptin, Malin; Gjesing, Anette P; Pisinger, Charlotta; Lauritzen, Torsten; Sandbaek, Annelli; Sampson, Mike; Zeggini, Ele; Lindgren, Cecilia M; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Hansen, Torben; Schwarz, Peter; Illig, Thomas; Laakso, Markku; Stefansson, Kari; Morris, Andrew D; Groop, Leif; Pedersen, Oluf; Boehnke, Michael; Barroso, Inês; Wareham, Nicholas J; Hattersley, Andrew T; McCarthy, Mark I; Frayling, Timothy M

    2010-01-01

    Epidemiological studies consistently show that circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are lower in type 2 diabetes patients than non-diabetic individuals, but the causal nature of this association is controversial. Genetic studies can help dissect causal directions of epidemiological associations because genotypes are much less likely to be confounded, biased or influenced by disease processes. Using this Mendelian randomization principle, we selected a common single nucleotide p...

  15. Genetic evidence that raised sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perry, John R B; Weedon, Michael N; Langenberg, Claudia; Jackson, Anne U; Lyssenko, Valeriya; Sparsø, Thomas; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Grallert, Harald; Ferrucci, Luigi; Maggio, Marcello; Paolisso, Giuseppe; Walker, Mark; Palmer, Colin N A; Payne, Felicity; Young, Elizabeth; Herder, Christian; Narisu, Narisu; Morken, Mario A; Bonnycastle, Lori L; Owen, Katharine R; Shields, Beverley; Knight, Beatrice; Bennett, Amanda; Groves, Christopher J; Ruokonen, Aimo; Jarvelin, Marjo Riitta; Pearson, Ewan; Pascoe, Laura; Ferrannini, Ele; Bornstein, Stefan R; Stringham, Heather M; Scott, Laura J; Kuusisto, Johanna; Nilsson, Peter; Neptin, Malin; Gjesing, Anette P; Pisinger, Charlotta; Lauritzen, Torsten; Sandbaek, Annelli; Sampson, Mike; Zeggini, Magic Ele; Lindgren, Cecilia M; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Hansen, Torben; Schwarz, Peter; Illig, Thomas; Laakso, Markku; Stefansson, Kari; Morris, Andrew D; Groop, Leif; Pedersen, Oluf; Boehnke, Michael; Barroso, Inês; Wareham, Nicholas J; Hattersley, Andrew T; McCarthy, Mark I; Frayling, Timothy M

    2009-01-01

    Epidemiological studies consistently show that circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are lower in type 2 diabetes patients than non-diabetic individuals, but the causal nature of this association is controversial. Genetic studies can help dissect causal directions of epidemiological associations because genotypes are much less likely to be confounded, biased or influenced by disease processes. Using this Mendelian randomization principle, we selected a common single nucleotide p...

  16. Genetic evidence that raised sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Epidemiological studies consistently show that circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are lower in type 2 diabetes patients than non-diabetic individuals, but the causal nature of this association is controversial. Genetic studies can help dissect causal directions of epidemiological associations because genotypes are much less likely to be confounded, biased or influenced by disease processes. Using this Mendelian randomization principle, we selected a common single nucleotid...

  17. Effect of anthrax immune globulin on response to BioThrax (anthrax vaccine adsorbed) in New Zealand white rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malkevich, Nina V; Basu, Subhendu; Rudge, Thomas L; Clement, Kristin H; Chakrabarti, Ajoy C; Aimes, Ronald T; Nabors, Gary S; Skiadopoulos, Mario H; Ionin, Boris

    2013-11-01

    Development of anthrax countermeasures that may be used concomitantly in a postexposure setting requires an understanding of the interaction between these products. Anthrax immune globulin intravenous (AIGIV) is a candidate immunotherapeutic that contains neutralizing antibodies against protective antigen (PA), a component of anthrax toxins. We evaluated the interaction between AIGIV and BioThrax (anthrax vaccine adsorbed) in rabbits. While pharmacokinetics of AIGIV were not altered by vaccination, the vaccine-induced immune response was abrogated in AIGIV-treated animals. PMID:23979740

  18. Retrospective diagnosis of Q fever in a country abattoir by the use of specific IgM globulin estimations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, A.M.; Hunt, J.G.

    1981-10-03

    Twenty-two cases of pyrexial illness which occurred amongst workers in a country abattoir were investigated retrospectively for Q fever, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. In 18, the illness was shown to be Q fever. No diagnoses were established for the other four. The demonstration of circulating Q-fever-specific IgM globulin was instrumental in establishing the diagnosis in many of the cases.

  19. Grafting of different glycosides on the surface of liposomes and its effect on the tissue distribution of 125I-labelled ?-globulin encapsulated in liposomes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different glycosides were grafted on the surface of liposomes containing 125I-labelled ?-globulin by two ways: (1) by using glycolipid and (2) by covalent coupling of p-aminophenyl-D-glycosides to phosphatidylethanolamine liposomes using glutaraldehyde. The distribution of 125I-labelled ?-globulin was determined in mouse tissues from 5-60 min after a single injection of these liposomes. The liver uptake of encapsulated 125I-labelled ?-globulin was highest from liposomes having galactose and mannose on the surface. Competition experiments and cross-inhibition studies indicate that this uptake is mediated by specific recognition of the surface galactose and mannose residues of liposomes by the receptors present on the plasma membrane of liver cells. Stearylamine-containing liposomes were found to be more efficient in mediating the uptake of 125I-labelled ?-globulin by the lung, whereas in the case of spleen, phosphatidylethanolamine liposomes were more efficient. The extent of uptake of 125I-labelled ?-globulin from all types of liposome decreases as the amount of given liposomes increases. The uptake of 125I-labelled ?-globulin from liposomes containing asialogangliosides depends upon the phospholipid/glycolipid ratio. These experiments clearly demonstrate that enhanced liposome uptake by liver cells could be achieved by grafting galactose and mannose on the liposomal surface. (orig.)

  20. Relation of cigarette smoking in males of different ages to sex hormone binding globulin and testosterone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relationship of cigarette smoking, age, total testosterone free testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were examined by solid phase radioimmunoassay in 90 randomly chosen healthy males of different ages. The serum levels of these hormones were investigated for smokers compared with non-smokers, of the same ages in 3 groups (adolescent males, middle aged males, and old aged males). Results indicated that cigarette smokers showed increased serum levels of testosterone (60.0% higher, P> 0.05), free testosterone (51.0 higher, P > 0.005) in young adolescent males group, testosterone (27.8% higher, P > 0.001), free testosterone (21.3% higher, P > 0.001) in middle aged males group, and testosterone (21.0% higher, P > 0.001), free testosterone (16.8% higher, P > 0.4) in old ages males group. SHBG was calculated as a mean of free and total testosterone in each group. smokers showed higher mean values of SHBG than non-smokers. Age was positively associated with serum SHBG, it was found that SHBG increased by 17.2% from the youngest (> 18 years) to the oldest age (> 65 years)

  1. In silico identification of anthropogenic chemicals as ligands of zebrafish sex hormone binding globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anthropogenic compounds with the capacity to interact with the steroid-binding site of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) pose health risks to humans and other vertebrates including fish. Building on studies of human SHBG, we have applied in silico drug discovery methods to identify potential binders for SHBG in zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model aquatic organism. Computational methods, including; homology modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, virtual screening, and 3D QSAR analysis, successfully identified 6 non-steroidal substances from the ZINC chemical database that bind to zebrafish SHBG (zfSHBG) with low-micromolar to nanomolar affinities, as determined by a competitive ligand-binding assay. We also screened 80,000 commercial substances listed by the European Chemicals Bureau and Environment Canada, and 6 non-steroidal hits from this in silico screen were tested experimentally for zfSHBG binding. All 6 of these compounds displaced the [3H]5?-dihydrotestosterone used as labeled ligand in the zfSHBG screening assay when tested at a 33 ?M concentration, and 3 of them (hexestrol, 4-tert-octylcatechol, and dihydrobenzo(a)pyren-7(8H)-one) bind to zfSHBG in the micromolar range. The study demonstrates the feasibility of large-scale in silico screening of anthropogenic compounds that may disrupt or highjack functionally important protein:ligand interactions. Such studies could increase the awareness of hazards posed by existing commercial chemicals at relatively low cost

  2. Serum Thyroxine to Thyroxine-Binding Globulin Ratio in Pregnancy and Newborn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the diagnostic value of the ratio of serum thyroxine(T4) /thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) for the thyroid status in pregnancy and newborn serum thyroxine, TBG, triiodothyronine, and free thyroxine levels were radioimmunoassayed in normal pregnant women at each of the trimesters, and the calculated serum T4/TBG ratios were compared with other parameters such as T3/TBG ratio and free T4/TBG ratio and free T4/TBG ratio. Serum T4 levels were elevated with the proportionate increase in TBG levels during pregnancy, leading to the nearly constant value of serum T4/TBG ratios as in normal non-pregnant controls. In contrast, serum T3/TBG and free T4/TBG ratios varied considerably during pregnancy. In newborn, T4 levels were nearly not changed with compared non-pregnant control value and TBG levels were elevated. The results indicate that serum T4/TBG ratio is a better parameter than others in evaluating the thyroid status during pregnancy and but newborn is a no better.

  3. Combined N-glycome and N-glycoproteome analysis of the Lotus japonicus seed globulin fraction shows conservation of protein structure and glycosylation in legumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam, Svend Secher; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized genotype/phenotype and easily manipulated genome, may also be suitable for studies of legume food allergy. Here we present a comprehensive study of the Lotus N-glycoproteome. The global and site-specific N-glycan structures of Lotus seed globulins were analyzed using mass spectrometry-based glycomics and glycoproteomics techniques. In total, 19 N-glycan structures comprising high mannose (?20%), pauci-mannosidic (?40%), and complex forms (?40%) were determined. The pauci-mannosidic and complex N-glycans contained high amounts of the typical plant determinants ?-1,2-xylose and ?-1,3-fucose. Two abundant Lotus seed N-glycoproteins were site-specifically profiled; a predicted lectincontaining two fully occupied N-glycosylation sites carried predominantly pauci-mannosidic structures in different distributions. In contrast, Lotus convicilin storage protein 2 (LCP2) carried exclusively high mannose N-glycans similar to its homologue, Ara h 1, which is the major allergen in peanut. In silico investigation confirmed that peanut Ara h 1 and Lotus LCP2 are highly similar at the primary and higher protein structure levels. Hence, we suggest that Lotus has the potential to serve as a model system for studying the role of seed proteins and their glycosylation in food allergy.

  4. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin as first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li; Jing, Liping; Zhou, Kang; Wang, Huijun; Peng, Guangxin; Li, Yang; Li, Yuan; Li, Jianping; Ye, Lei; Shi, Lihui; Fan, Huihui; Zhao, Xin; Wang, Jianxiang; Zhang, Fengkui

    2015-04-01

    Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) was proven effective as salvage therapy for refractory aplastic anemia (AA), or for relapse after initial therapy with horse ATG (hATG). Several clinical trials were performed to assess the efficiency of rATG as a first-line therapy for AA patients; however, their results were variable. The aim of the present study was to assess hematologic response and survival in severe AA (SAA) and very severe AA (VSAA) patients treated with rATG and cyclosporin A (CsA) in our center. The factors involved in these outcomes were also explored. A total of 292 patients with newly diagnosed, acquired SAA or VSAA received a combination of rATG and CsA as first-line therapy, and the results were retrospectively assessed. The median age was 18 years (range = 2-73 years). The early death rate was 5.5%, and the total response rates were 49.0% (143 responders), 60.3% (176 responders), 65.8% (192 responders), and 68.5% (200 responders) at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, respectively, after immunosuppressive therapy. In multivariate analysis, initial response to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was the predictive factor for response to therapy at 12 months. Median follow-up of surviving patients was 34 months (range = 0-117 months). Five-year overall survival was 83.2%, and the 5-year, event-free survival was 67.2%. Independent prognostic factors for overall survival were neutrophil count and achievement of any response following rATG therapy. Our results indicate that rATG/CsA is a safe and effective first-line treatment for SAA/VSAA. PMID:25583265

  5. Thyroxine binding to serum thyronine-binding globulin in thyroidectomized adult and normal neonatal rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The amount of tracer [125I]T4 bound to serum thyronine-binding globulin (TBG) was measured by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in adult thyroidectomized (TX) rats and normal 1-day to 4-week-old rat puts. Thyroidectomy was associated with the appearance of significant amounts of [125I]T4 binding to serum TBG in lean rats, but not in obese Zucker rats. Treatment of the TX rats in vivo with replacement doses of T4 prevented this increase in TBG binding, but enrichment of serum from TX rats with T4 did not. Significant amounts of tracer [125I]T4 binding to TBG was present in serum from 1- to 3-week-old normal rat pups, but not in 1-day- or 4-week-old pups. There were significantly higher levels of TBG binding of [125I]T4 in serum from 2-week-old rat pups raised in litters of 16 pups compared to those raised in litters of 4 pups. All manipulations that result in the appearance of TBG in rat serum also result in either weight loss or a slowing in the rate of growth, suggesting that the appearance of TBG in rat serum has a nutritional component. This possibility is further supported by the observations that increases in TBG binding of [125I]T4 are not found in obese Zucker rats fed a low protein-high carbohydrate diet for 14 days or fasted for 7 days, or after thyroidectomy, perhaps owing to the large stores of fuel in the obese rat

  6. Associations between sex hormone binding globulin and metabolic syndrome parameters in premenopausal obese women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akin Fulya

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to determine sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG concentrations in premenopausal obese women and to evaluate the relationships between sex hormones and features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS. Settings and Design: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis was carried out on 350 obese patients aged 25 to 69 years referred to the Department of Endocrinology, Pamukkale University in 2002-2003. Materials and Methods: 125 premenopausal euthyroid patients were eligible for this study. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the body mass index (BMI: Group I, women with BMI < 30 kg/m 2 (n = 17 and Group II,, women with BMI ? 30 kg/m 2 (n = 108. Median SHBG concentration of Group I was 50.1 nmol/L. Group II was divided into two subgroups according to the median SHBG concentration of Group I: subjects with high SHBG levels (SHBG concentration ? median level of the control group, i.e ? 50.1 nmol/L and subjects with low SHBG levels (< 50.1 nmol/L. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 9.0 software (SPSS Inc.. Results: No significant difference was found in mean age between the low and high SHBG groups. The low SHBG group was significantly heavier, and with higher waist circumference than the high SHBG group. In the low SHBG group, fasting glucose, postprandial glucose and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT and free androgen index (FAI were significantly higher. Lipid profile, blood pressure, uric acid, insulin and HOMA were found similar between two groups. Linear regression analyses revealed that body mass index and FAI were significant, being independent predictors of SHBG concentrations in premenopausal women. (r = 0.365, r square = 0.134. Conclusions: It is concluded that low SHBG concentrations may indicate visceral obesity and glucose intolerance in premenopausal women.

  7. Intravenous immune globulin in hereditary inclusion body myopathy: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorward Heidi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM is an autosomal recessive, adult onset, non-inflammatory neuromuscular disorder with no effective treatment. The causative gene, GNE, codes for UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase, which catalyzes the first two reactions in the synthesis of sialic acid. Reduced sialylation of muscle glycoproteins, such as ?-dystroglycan and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM, has been reported in HIBM. Methods We treated 4 HIBM patients with intravenous immune globulin (IVIG, in order to provide sialic acid, because IgG contains 8 ?mol of sialic acid/g. IVIG was infused as a loading dose of 1 g/kg on two consecutive days followed by 3 doses of 400 mg/kg at weekly intervals. Results For all four patients, mean quadriceps strength improved from 19.0 kg at baseline to 23.2 kg (+22% directly after IVIG loading to 25.6 kg (+35% at the end of the study. Mean shoulder strength improved from 4.1 kg at baseline to 5.9 kg (+44% directly after IVIG loading to 6.0 kg (+46% at the end of the study. The composite improvement for 8 other muscle groups was 5% after the initial loading and 19% by the end of the study. Esophageal motility and lingual strength improved in the patients with abnormal barium swallows. Objective measures of functional improvement gave variable results, but the patients experienced improvements in daily activities that they considered clinically significant. Immunohistochemical staining and immunoblotting of muscle biopsies for ?-dystroglycan and NCAM did not provide consistent evidence for increased sialylation after IVIG treatment. Side effects were limited to transient headaches and vomiting. Conclusion The mild benefits in muscle strength experienced by HIBM patients after IVIG treatment may be related to the provision of sialic acid supplied by IVIG. Other sources of sialic acid are being explored as treatment options for HIBM.

  8. Effects of corticosterone pellets on baseline and stress-induced corticosterone and corticosteroid-binding-globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Claudia; Almasi, Bettina; Roulin, Alexandre; Breuner, Creagh W; Jenni-Eiermann, Susanne; Jenni, Lukas

    2009-01-01

    Exogenous administration of glucocorticoids is a widely used and efficient tool to investigate the effects of elevated concentrations of these hormones in field studies. Because the effects of corticosterone are dose and duration-dependent, the exact course of plasma corticosterone levels after exogenous administration needs to be known. We tested the performance of self-degradable corticosterone pellets (implanted under the skin) in elevating plasma corticosterone levels. We monitored baseline (sampled within 3min after capture) total corticosterone levels and investigated potential interactions with corticosteroid-binding-globulin (CBG) capacity and the endogenous corticosterone response to handling in Eurasian kestrel Falco tinnunculus and barn owl Tyto alba nestlings. Corticosterone pellets designed for a 7-day-release in rodents elevated circulating baseline total corticosterone during only 2-3 days compared to placebo-nestlings. Highest levels occurred 1-2days after implantation and levels decreased strongly thereafter. CBG capacity was also increased, resulting in a smaller, but still significant, increase in baseline free corticosterone levels. The release of endogenous corticosterone as a response to handling was strong in placebo-nestlings, but absent 2 and 8 days after corticosterone pellet implantation. This indicates a potential shut-down of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis after the 2-3 days of elevated baseline corticosterone levels. 20 days after pellet implantation, the endogenous corticosterone response to handling of nestlings implanted with corticosterone pellets attained similar levels as in placebo-nestlings. Self-degradable pellets proved to be an efficient tool to artificially elevate circulating baseline corticosterone especially in field studies, requiring only one intervention. The resulting peak-like elevation of circulating corticosterone, the concomitant elevation of CBG capacity, and the absence of an endogenous corticosterone response to an acute stressor have to be taken into account. PMID:18996387

  9. Purification and properties of squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) corticosteroid binding globulins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhn, R.W.; Weber, C.V.; Siiteri, P.K.

    1988-04-05

    Corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), a serum glycoprotein which binds glucocorticoids and progestins with high affinity, is widely distributed throughout the animal world. Although its charge and size characteristics have largely been conserved across species, the authors found the behavior of CBG in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) serum during fractionation by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or Sephadex chromatography was consistent with a molecule about twice the size of that found in most species. To more fully understand the basis for this difference, they purified the protein by sequential affinity and DEAE-Sepharose chromatographies. The final product was obtained in greater than 60% yield and was found to migrate as a single homogeneous band when examined by electrophoresis. The steroid binding specificity of the purified protein was identical with that of the protein in the starting serum. In contrast to the single protein band observed following electrophoresis under normal conditions, separations in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) resolved the pure protein into two bands: one at 54,000 daltons and one at 57,000 daltons. Unlike other species, squirrel monkey CBG exists as a dimer in its native state. Antibodies were generated against the purified material and tested for cross-reactivity against the sera from other species by both radioimmunodiffusion and radioimmunoassay techniques. Only serum from titi monkeys was observed to cross-react when examined by radioimmunoassay. Taken together, the results suggest that New World monkey CBG's are distinct from those of other species in both size and immunologic characteristics.

  10. The association between sex hormone-binding globulin and type 2 diabetes in Nigerian men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayefori M. Abbiyesuku

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Epidemiological studies have shown that sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG has a role in glucose homeostasis in both men and women. However, a prospective study on Japanese-American subjects concluded that SHBG was not a significant risk factor in either men or women, suggesting ethnic differences. We were not aware of any evaluation of SHBG in subjects of African ancestry.Objectives: We investigated the association between SHBG and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic diabetic men in a hospital in Nigeria.Method: Forty-eight male subjects with type 2 diabetes and 20 non-diabetic male subjects were recruited in this cross-sectional hospital-based study by the convenient sampling method.Height and circumferences around the waist and hip were measured to the nearest 0.5 cm and the waist–hip ratio was calculated from this measurement. Weight was measured and body mass index was calculated. Fasting plasma glucose concentration was measured by the glucose oxidase method with a between-run coefficient of variation of 3%. Insulin and SHBG were measured by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA.Results: There was a statistically-significant difference between test results for the diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The mean SHBG concentration was higher in the non-diabetic group (42.2 nmol/L than the diabetic group (30.5 nmol/L. A significant inverse association between insulin resistance and SHBG was observed (r = 0.353, p < 0.015.Conclusion: This study supported earlier observations that a significant inverse correlation exists between SHBG and insulin resistance and provides evidence that the relationship may extend to type 2 diabetic men of African ancestry in Nigeria.

  11. A systematic review of intravenous gamma globulin for therapy of acute myocarditis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crumley Ellen

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intravenous gamma globulin (IVGG is commonly used in the management of acute myocarditis. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature evaluating this practice. Methods We conducted a comprehensive search (electronic databases, trials registries, conference proceedings, reference lists, contact with authors to identify studies evaluating the use of IVGG in adults and children with a clinical or histologically proven diagnosis of myocarditis of possible viral etiology and symptoms of less than six months duration. Two reviewers independently screened the searches, applied inclusion criteria, and graded the evidence. Results Results were described qualitatively; data were not pooled because only one randomized controlled trial (RCT with 62 patients was identified. The RCT showed no benefit with respect to cardiac function, functional outcome, or event-free survival. A small, uncontrolled trial (n = 10 showed significant improvement in LVEF from a mean of 24% to 41% 12 months after IVGG in nine survivors. A retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients showed improvement in cardiac function and a trend towards improved survival in patients receiving IVGG (n = 21 versus historic controls (n = 25. Ten case reports and two case series (total n = 21 described improvement in cardiac function after administration of IVGG; two case reports showed no benefit of IVGG. One case of hemolytic anemia was attributed to IVGG. Conclusion There is insufficient data from methodologically strong studies to recommend routine use of IVGG for acute myocarditis. Future randomized studies that take into account the etiology of acute myocarditis will be required to determine the efficacy of IVGG.

  12. What the world's religions teach, applied to vaccines and immune globulins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabenstein, John D

    2013-04-12

    For millennia, humans have sought and found purpose, solace, values, understanding, and fellowship in religious practices. Buddhist nuns performed variolation against smallpox over 1000 years ago. Since Jenner developed vaccination against smallpox in 1796, some people have objected to and declined vaccination, citing various religious reasons. This paper reviews the scriptural, canonical basis for such interpretations, as well as passages that support immunization. Populous faith traditions are considered, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Subjects of concern such as blood components, pharmaceutical excipients of porcine or bovine origin, rubella strain RA 27/3, and cell-culture media with remote fetal origins are evaluated against the religious concerns identified. The review identified more than 60 reports or evaluations of vaccine-preventable infectious-disease outbreaks that occurred within religious communities or that spread from them to broader communities. In multiple cases, ostensibly religious reasons to decline immunization actually reflected concerns about vaccine safety or personal beliefs among a social network of people organized around a faith community, rather than theologically based objections per se. Themes favoring vaccine acceptance included transformation of vaccine excipients from their starting material, extensive dilution of components of concern, the medicinal purpose of immunization (in contrast to diet), and lack of alternatives. Other important features included imperatives to preserve health and duty to community (e.g., parent to child, among neighbors). Concern that 'the body is a temple not to be defiled' is contrasted with other teaching and quality-control requirements in manufacturing vaccines and immune globulins. Health professionals who counsel hesitant patients or parents can ask about the basis for concern and how the individual applies religious understanding to decision-making about medical products, explain facts about content and processes, and suggest further dialog with informed religious leaders. Key considerations for observant believers for each populous religion are described. PMID:23499565

  13. New aspects of storage protein accumulation in pea seeds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grain legumes are important not only because they rank fifth in world-wide production behind wheat, maize, rice and barley, but also because they have higher protein contents (20-40%) than most other seed types. The goal of our work is to obtain a more complete understanding of the cell biology of legume seed protein accumulation. To this end, we have used immunogold labeling techniques to study the localization of storage proteins in developing seeds of Pisum sativum. This presentation focuses on two novel observations related to the intracellular transport and storage of these seed proteins. Since continuities between the electron-dense cisternae and vacuoles may be disrupted by directional changes in the streaming cytoplasm during fixation, I re-examined the relationship between these two organelles in seeds in which cytoplasmic streaming was inhibited by chilling on ice. In a separate study, the distribution of both globulin (legumin and vicilin) and albumin (PA1) storage proteins in axis tissue of developing seeds was investigated. Using double labeling with 10 and 20 nm colloidal gold, compartmentation of a sulfur-rich albumin (PA1) and a globulin (vicilin) was demonstrated within individual vacuolar protein deposits in cells at the base of the epicotyl

  14. Clinical outcomes after hepatitis C infection from contaminated anti-D immune globulin. Irish Hepatology Research Group.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kenny-Walsh, E

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND AND METHODS: In February 1994, batches of anti-D immune globulin used in Ireland during 1977 and 1978 to prevent Rh isoimmunization were found to be contaminated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) from a single infected donor. In March 1994, a national screening program was initiated for all women who had received anti-D immune globulin between 1970 and 1994. Of the 62,667 women who had been screened when this study began, 704 (1.1 percent) had evidence of past or current HCV infection, and 390 of those 704 (55 percent) had positive tests for serum HCV RNA on reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction analysis. All 390 were offered a referral for clinical assessment and therapy. We evaluated 376 of these 390 women (96 percent); the other 14 were not seen at one of the designated treatment centers. RESULTS: The mean (+\\/-SD) age of the 376 women was 45+\\/-6 years at the time of screening. They had been infected with hepatitis C for about 17 years. A total of 304 women (81 percent) reported symptoms, most commonly fatigue (248 [66 percent]). Serum alanine aminotransferase concentrations were slightly elevated (40 to 99 U per liter) in 176 of 371 women (47 percent), and the concentrations were 100 U per liter or higher in 31 (8 percent). Liver biopsies showed inflammation in 356 of 363 women (98 percent); in most cases the inflammation was slight (41 percent) or moderate (52 percent). Although the biopsy samples from 186 of the 363 women (51 percent) showed evidence of fibrosis, only 7 women (2 percent) had probable or definite cirrhosis. Two of the seven reported excessive alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the women with HCV infection 17 years after receiving HCV-contaminated anti-D immune globulin had evidence of slight or moderate hepatic inflammation on liver biopsy, about half had fibrosis, and 2 percent had probable or definite cirrhosis.

  15. Association between testosterone, estradiol and sex hormone binding globulin levels in men with type 1 diabetes with nephropathy

    OpenAIRE

    Maric, Christine; Forsblom, Carol; Thorn, Lena; Wadén, Johan; Groop, Per-Henrik

    2010-01-01

    Male sex is a risk factor for development and progression of diabetic nephropathy; however, the relationship between sex hormone levels and diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetic men is unknown. This was a prospective follow-up study as part of the nationwide Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) Study; 297 patients were followed for 5.9±1.5 years. Serum total testosterone (Tt) and estradiol (Te), calculated free testosterone (cFt) and estradiol (cFe) and sex hormone binding globulin were...

  16. Female hyperandrogenemia and normal serum levels of testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karina, Danilowicz; Oscar D, Bruno; Daniela, Mana; Hector A, Serra; Graciela, Cross; Jorge A, Rey.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Con frecuencia los valores de referencia utilizados para las evaluaciones bioquímicas endocrinológicas son los sugeridos por los kits utilizados, a pesar de las recomendaciones de que cada laboratorio debiera obtener sus propios valores de normalidad. Nuestros objetivos fueron (i) analizar los rango [...] s de referencia para testosterona (T) y globulina ligadora de esteroides sexuales (SHBG) apropiados para nuestro laboratorio y población, y (ii) analizar su influencia en la evaluación de la hiperandrogenemia. Se midió T y SHBG y se calculó testosterona libre y biodisponible en un grupo (a) control de 30 mujeres no hiperandrogénicas, (b) 87 mujeres no seleccionadas donantes de sangre, (c) 53 mujeres con hiperandrogenismo, y (d) 38 mujeres con desórdenes hiperandrogénicos pero sin hiperandrogenemia de acuerdo a los rangos de normalidad sugeridos por el kit. La concentración media de SHBG fue significativamente diferente entre los cuatro grupos. Los niveles de SHBG fueron significativamente más altos en las mujeres controles seleccionadas (grupo a). Tomando en consideración los resultados obtenidos en este grupo y estableciendo los rangos de referencia adecuados, 12 de 38 mujeres (31.6%) hiperandrogénicas sin hiperandrogenemia (grupo d) fueron recategorizadas como con exceso androgénico bioquímico. De igual manera, al analizar mujeres normopesas no seleccionadas, en edad reproductiva (grupo b), 4 de 63 (6.4%) pudieron ser definidas como hiperandrogénicas. Utilizando valores adecuados de referencia para SHBG, se mejora la precisión del diagnóstico de exceso androgénico. Abstract in english It is well known that the reference values usually employed for endocrine biochemical measurements are those suggested by the suppliers of commercial kits despite their advice that each laboratory should set its own reference values. Our objectives were to (i) determine reference ranges for serum te [...] stosterone (T) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) appropriate to our laboratory and population, and (ii) to analyze their influence on evaluating hyperandrogenemia. SHBG and T were measured, and free and bioavailable testosterone calculated, in (a) 30 selected non-hyperandrogenic women, (b) 87 non-selected healthy female blood donors, (c) 53 women with hyperandrogenism, and (d) 38 women with hyperandrogenic disorders but without biochemical hyperandrogenemia according to normal ranges suggested by the kit manufacturer. Mean serum SHBG concentrations were significantly different among all four groups. SHBG levels were significantly higher in selected normal women (group a). Using our results for this selected control group as new reference values, 12 out of 38 (31.6%) women with hyperandrogenic disorders without apparent hyperandrogenemia (group d) were recategorized as hyperandrogenemic. Similarly, 4 out of 63 (6.4%) non-selected, normal weight, women (group b), were recategorized as hyperandrogenic. Therefore, the diagnosis of hyperandrogenemia would improve accuracy by using customized reference SHBG values instead of those suggested by the suppliers.

  17. The cortisol response to ACTH in pigs, heritability and influence of corticosteroid-binding globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larzul, C; Terenina, E; Foury, A; Billon, Y; Louveau, I; Merlot, E; Mormede, P

    2015-12-01

    In the search for biological basis of robustness, this study aimed (i) at the determination of the heritability of the cortisol response to ACTH in juvenile pigs, using restricted maximum likelihood methodology applied to a multiple trait animal model, and (ii) at the study of the relationships between basal and stimulated cortisol levels with corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), IGF-I and haptoglobin, all important players in glucose metabolism and production traits. At 6 weeks of age, 298 intact male and female piglets from 30 litters (30 dams and 30 boars) were injected with 250 µg ACTH(1-24) (Synacthen). Blood was taken before ACTH injection to measure basal levels of cortisol, glucose, CBG, IGF-I and haptoglobin, and 60 min later to measure stimulated cortisol levels and glucose. Cortisol increased 2.8-fold after ACTH injection, with a high correlation between basal and stimulated levels (phenotypic correlation, r p=0.539; genetic correlation, r g=0.938). Post-ACTH cortisol levels were highly heritable (h 2=0.684) and could therefore be used for genetic selection of animals with a more reactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. CBG binding capacity correlated with cortisol levels measured in basal conditions in males only. No correlation was found between CBG binding capacity and post-ACTH cortisol levels. Basal IGF-I concentration was positively correlated with BW at birth and weaning, and showed a high correlation with CBG binding capacity with a strong sexual dimorphism, the correlation being much higher in males than in females. Basal haptoglobin concentrations were negatively correlated with CBG binding capacity and IGF-I concentrations. Complex relationships were also found between circulating glucose levels and these different variables that have been shown to be related to glucose resistance in humans. These data are therefore valuable for the genetic selection of animals to explore the consequences on production and robustness traits, but also point at pigs as a relevant model to explore the underlying mechanisms of the metabolic syndrome including the contribution of genetic factors. PMID:26302113

  18. Functional characterization of acetylated Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa HBK) kernel globulin Caracterizaçao funcional das globulinas de amêndoa de castanha-do-Pará após a acetilação

    OpenAIRE

    Cíntia Maria Pinto Ramos; Pushkar Singh Bora

    2004-01-01

    Defatted Brazil nut kernel flour, a rich source of high quality proteins, is presently being utilized in the formulation of animal feeds. One of the possible ways to improve its utilization for human consumption is through improvement in its functional properties. In the present study, changes in some of the functional properties of Brazil nut kernel globulin were evaluated after acetylation at 58.6, 66.2 and 75.3% levels. The solubility of acetylated globulin was improved above pH 6.0 but wa...

  19. Molecular characterization of a genetic variant of the steroid hormone-binding globulin gene in heterozygous subjects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardy, D.O.; Catterall, J.F. [Population Council, New York, NY (United States); Carino, C. [Instituto National de la Nutricion, Mexico City, MX (United States)] [and others

    1995-04-01

    Steroid hormone-binding globulin in human serum displays different isoelectric focusing (IEF) patterns among individuals, suggesting genetic variation in the gene for this extracellular steroid carrier protein. Analysis of allele frequencies and family studies suggested the existence of two codominant alleles of the gene. Subsequent determination of the molecular basis of a variant of the gene was carried out using DNA from homozygous individuals from a single Belgian family. It was of interest to characterize other variant individuals to determine whether all variants identified by IEF phenotyping were caused by the same mutation or whether other mutations occurred in the gene in different populations. Previous studies identified Mexican subjects who were heterozygous for the variant IEF phenotype. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis was used to localize the mutation in these subjects and to purify the variant allele for DNA sequence analysis. The results show that the mutation in this population is identical to that identified in the Belgian family, and no other mutations were detected in the gene. These data represent the first analysis of steroid hormone-binding globulin gene variation in heterozygous subjects and further support the conclusion of biallelism of the gene worldwide. 11 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Physicochemical changes taking place in bovine globulins under the influence of gamma irradiation studied by thermal analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation modification of protein based polymers as well as the development of gamma irradiation techniques as a method of food sterilisation and preservation induces necessity of better recognition of the physicochemical changes occurring in proteins after gamma irradiation. Recently differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was applied widely in structural studies of proteins. Also thermoanalytical methods (TG, DTG) applied for proteins pyrolysis were also found to be useful in characterisation of proteins structure and the properties of proteins containing tissues. In presented paper, the aforementioned methods were applied for investigation of the gamma irradiation influence on thermal decomposition of gamma and alpha globulins and the results were related to their structural modifications. It has been found, that irradiation influences the course of decomposition of gamma and alpha globulins. Irradiation of solid native proteins result in decreased temperature of decomposition, especially decreased temperature of the last stage. The effects of irradiation performed for water suspensions were clearly more significant. The relatively large differences between decomposition of the irradiated and non-irradiated samples were detected by DSC and thermogravimetry already after irradiation of water suspensions

  1. Polymorphism and inheritance of serum esterases and beta-globulins in the paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis; Anabantidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monostory, Z; Nagy, A; Gervai, J; Csányi, V

    1984-01-01

    Electrophoretic variants of serum esterases and beta-globulins in two subspecies of paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis) were studied. Four esterase loci (Est-1, Est-2, Est-3 and Est-4), a single transferrin (Tf) and another major beta-globulin locus (Bg) were identified by segregational analysis. Est-3 seems to be a monomorphic locus. Three alleles of Est-1, two of Est-2, two of Est-4, four of Tf and two alleles of Bg were found in the laboratory population. None of these loci were closely linked. Electrophoretic patterns of F1 hybrids confirmed the monomeric structures of each of the studied proteins. Allelic segregation at the Tf and Bg loci was normal in F2 and backcross populations. In crosses of the two Macropodus subspecies there were deviations from Mendelian ratios because of missing recombinant esterase phenotypes. Each of these would have been homozygous Est-2f/f. We suppose that Est-2f/f causes lethality in the early phase of development, except in the Est-1c/c, Est-2f/f combination characteristic of the parental subspecies M.o. concolor. PMID:6204560

  2. Isoforms of thyroxine-binding globulin as a model for molecular epidemiology of human cancer risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The novel field of molecular epidemiology of human cancer risk has added a new branch to classical epidemiology by providing a direct link between human cancer and carcinogen exposure. It was estimated that about 80% of cancers are due to environmental factors. The blood proteins are almost certainly targets for modification in human cancer, and their identification and characterization will be of primary importance in the development of the new and rapidly evolving field of molecular epidemiology. Among blood proteins that are altered in human cancer, TBG occupies a special place because the level of human blood TBG is the most sensitive to intensification of biosynthesis and proliferation processes in organisms in different types of cancer. The increase of TBG concentration in cancer can be result from both activation of TBG biosynthesis in liver or altering of post translation glycosylation that prolongs protein survival time. The molecular basis for the change in the properties of TBG in cancer is unknown. These distinctive changes could have important consequences for the function of TBG in cancer and may help to develop more precise markers for monitoring pathological progression in this disease. Considerable variability and subtlety can occur in the carbohydrate composition and structure of serum glycoproteins in disease. This can be either as a major change, such as an increase in the number of oligosaccharide branches at a particular glycosylation site or as a minor change such as the addition of an extra fucose or sialic acid residue. Increased fucosylation has also been reported for transferrin and alpha-fetoprotein in liver cancer; thyroglobulin in thyroid cancer, IgG in myeloma, haptoglobin in ovarian cancer. The last own studies have shown that in clinically healthy teenagers born in Khojniki (137 Cs 185-555 kBq/m), we have found an unusual thyroid profile exhibiting increased levels of total triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4), and thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) by 50-60%, but no elevation in free T4, as compared with similar control groups of from Minsk. One of the reasons for the euthyroid syndrome in teenagers from the contaminated region was shown to be the blood isoforms in TBG. These isoforms differed in the structure of the carbohydrate components and as a rule are characterized by a prolonged circulation time. Using specific affinity chromatography, with subsequent immunological assay we shown that a certain amount of serum TBG-molecules in persons from Khojniki contains a high level of TBG (about 30% higher than the control group) containing fucosyalated biantennary sugar chains with more prolonged survival time. Previous findings showed that increased levels of fucosylation are observed for some serum glycoproteins in the blood of tumour patients. We provide evidence for variations in the TBGfuc which are contained in the serum TBG pool of patients suffering from cancer with various localisation. Thus, analysis of TBGfuc may be regarded as a prognostic marker in the determination of risk groups. The molecular mechanism of increased activity of fucosyl transferases will be discussed. We propose to measure the level of TBG fucosylated to assess the human cancer risk and habitants of contaminated region of Belarus. (authors)

  3. Effects of a major androgen-dependent urinary protein,. alpha. 2u-globulin on the pituitary-gonadal axis and hypothalamic monoamines in adult male mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, P.K.; Chandrashekar, V.; Steger, R. Bartke, A. (Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale (USA))

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of alpha-2u-globulin, a sex-dependent male rat urinary protein on pituitary-gonadal functions and hypothalamic monamine contents in male mice. Adult male mice, maintained under standardized laboratory conditions were injected subcutaneously with alpha-2u-globulin or with vehicle daily for 14 days and killed 16 h after the last injection. Plasma levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T) and testicular levels of T were measured by radioimmunoassays. The concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and anterior hypothalamus (AH) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Administration of alpha-2u-globulin led to a significant increase in plasma FSH and LH levels. In the MBH of alpha-2u-globulin treated mice, there were significant elevations of NE, DA and 5-HT contents. In the AH, both DA and 5-HT contents were decreased while NE content remained unaltered.

  4. Temporal relationships between plasma cortisol, corticosteriod-binding globulin (CBG), and the free cortisol index (FCI) in pigs in response to adrenal stimulation or suppression

    Science.gov (United States)

    In swine, more than 60% of cortisol in circulation is bound to its carrier glycoprotein, porcine corticosteroid-binding globulin (pCBG), and is considered biologically inactive. Limitations exist when only total plasma cortisol levels are used to assess the stress response in swine in situations whe...

  5. DETECTION OF IL-1? PRODUCED BY HUMAN BLOOD CELLS IN PRESENCE OF PROTEINS FROM THE ?-GLOBULIN FRACTION AND THEIR COMPLEXES WITH METALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. B. Cheknev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Present study has shown that a total cytokine pool produced by human blood cells in presence of proteins from the ?-globulin fraction, or their complexes with copper and zinc, as well as with pure copper and zinc cations, contains up to 148.0±14.9 pg interleukin-1? (IL-1? per mL. The ?-globulins modified by copper or zinc binding induce, resp., 2.0 and 1.4-fold less IL-1? than intact proteins (significant by p = 0.1. Meanwhile, the copper-?-globulin proved to be 2.7-fold more active (? < 0.01 IL-1? inducer, as a zinc-protein complex. Pure zinc ions did not induce IL-1? production, whereas induction rates with pure copper ions are 1.6-fold higher (p < 0.05 than with ?-globulin, and 1.45-fold more efficient that PHA stimulation (p < 0.1. A potential participation of copper and zinc cations bound to antibodies from the microenvironment and, thus, transforming Fc regions of antibody molecules, is discussed with regard of regulation of IL-1? production by human blood cells induced by activation of their Fc receptors.

  6. Effect of succinylation on the functional and physicochemical properties of alpha-globulin, the major protein fraction from Sesamum indicum L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaghloul, Magdy; Prakash, V

    2002-10-01

    alpha-Globulin the major protein fraction from Sesamum indicum was succinylated to different levels and the effect of the chemical modification was evaluated both on the functional and physicochemical properties. The results suggest that the pH of minimum solubility shifted to the more acidic side (pH approximately 4.5-5.5) for the succinylated alpha-globulin whereas for control alpha-globulin the pH of minimum solubility was 6.5. Succinylation also increased emulsion activity and emulsion stability of the protein. The emulsion stability increased from a control value of 53 +/- 3 s to a value of 122 +/- 5 s. Bulk density, water absorption capacity, oil absorption capacity, foam capacity and foam stability were evaluated in phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) containing 0.5 M sodium chloride and all these properties showed increased values as a result of succinylation. Ultracentrifugation studies showed that the % composition of 7S component increases with concomitant decrease in that of 11S fraction with the increase in percentage of succinylation. Further increase in succinylation resulted in only 2S component which is a dissociated form of 11S and/or 7S protein fractions. The fluorescence emission studies showed a decrease in the fluorescence emission intensity of alpha-globulin as a result of succinylation. The thermal stability of the protein molecule decreased due to progressive succinylation as indicated by decrease in the apparent thermal denaturation temperature from a control value of 84 to 62 degrees C at a succinylation level of 40%. These results suggest that succinylation improves the functional characteristics of alpha-globulin. Such changes in the functional properties have been attributed partly to the dissociation of the protein molecule at higher levels of succinylation and the increase in the net negative charge on the protein. PMID:12428456

  7. Effect of phosphorus on the composition and accumulation of 7S and 11S globulin subunits during seed development of three soybean varieties

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Han; W.G, Jie; B.Y, Cai.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Three soybean varieties (Dongnong 42, high-protein cultivar; Hefeng 25, medium-protein; and Dongnong 46, low-protein cultivar) grown under different P conditions were investigated in order to evaluate the effect of P on the composition and accumulation of 7S and 11S globulin subunits. The soybean se [...] eds were planted in pots and fertilized with 0.033 g of N and K2O per kg soil. Four levels of P treatment were designed, which were P1, P2, P3 and P4 (i.e., 0, 0.033, 0.067, and 0.100 g of phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) per kilogram of soil). The composition of extractable proteins was determined by conducting SDS-PAGE. No significant differences were observed between the varieties with regard to the molecular weights of the globulin subunits. After the subunits were formed, their concentrations gradually increased under different P treatments, reached a peak at 70 d post-anthesis (DPA), and then declined during maturity. The concentrations of the 7S and 11S globulins and other subunits in Dongnong 42 and Hefeng 25 were the highest under the P3 treatment, while they were the highest in Dongnong 46 under the P2 treatment. Under the same P treatment, the concentrations were high in Dongnong 42 and low in Dongnong 46 and Hefeng 25. Significant differences were observed in the concentrations of 7S and 11S globulin subunits between the varieties and levels of P treatments, especially under the P3 treatment. Alpha subunit was mainly in relation with the P-nutrition in the three varieties. These findings suggested that the; optimal combination of cultivarsand P treatment; levels could contribute to the increased concentrations of both soybean globulins and their subunits.

  8. Effect of phosphorus on the composition and accumulation of 7S and 11S globulin subunits during seed development of three soybean varieties

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Han; W.G, Jie; B.Y, Cai.

    Full Text Available Three soybean varieties (Dongnong 42, high-protein cultivar; Hefeng 25, medium-protein; and Dongnong 46, low-protein cultivar) grown under different P conditions were investigated in order to evaluate the effect of P on the composition and accumulation of 7S and 11S globulin subunits. The soybean se [...] eds were planted in pots and fertilized with 0.033 g of N and K2O per kg soil. Four levels of P treatment were designed, which were P1, P2, P3 and P4 (i.e., 0, 0.033, 0.067, and 0.100 g of phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) per kilogram of soil). The composition of extractable proteins was determined by conducting SDS-PAGE. No significant differences were observed between the varieties with regard to the molecular weights of the globulin subunits. After the subunits were formed, their concentrations gradually increased under different P treatments, reached a peak at 70 d post-anthesis (DPA), and then declined during maturity. The concentrations of the 7S and 11S globulins and other subunits in Dongnong 42 and Hefeng 25 were the highest under the P3 treatment, while they were the highest in Dongnong 46 under the P2 treatment. Under the same P treatment, the concentrations were high in Dongnong 42 and low in Dongnong 46 and Hefeng 25. Significant differences were observed in the concentrations of 7S and 11S globulin subunits between the varieties and levels of P treatments, especially under the P3 treatment. Alpha subunit was mainly in relation with the P-nutrition in the three varieties. These findings suggested that the; optimal combination of cultivarsand P treatment; levels could contribute to the increased concentrations of both soybean globulins and their subunits.

  9. Long-term outcome of 25 children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia treated with antithymocyte globulin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C.R., de-Medeiros; R.C., Ribeiro; M.A., Bittencourt; J., Zanis-Neto; R., Pasquini.

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is probably an immune-mediated disorder, and immunosuppressive therapy is recommended for patients with no available donor for bone marrow transplant. Between October 1984 and November 1987, 25 consecutive children and adolescents with SAA with no HLA-compatible marrow d [...] onor received equine antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (15 mg kg-1 day-1) for 10 days. The patients were evaluated 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after starting ATG treatment. Thereafter, patients were evaluated yearly until July 1998. Median age was 10 years (range, 1.5-20 years), granulocyte counts on referral ranged from 0.032 to 1.4 x 10(9)/l (median 0.256 x 10(9)/l), and 12 patients had granulocyte counts

  10. Binding of Ochratoxin A to a Urinary Globulin: A New Concept to Account for Gender Difference in Rat Nephrocarcinogenic Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judit Nagy

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available SDS-gradient mini-gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting of urine of rats given ochratoxin A (OTA, showed OTA binding to an α2u-globulin. Perceived potential internalised delivery of OTA to proximal tubule epithelia by the carrier, specific only to adult male rats and augmenting other uptake mechanisms, suggests that some experimental nephrotoxicological data may not be appropriate for human risk assessment. Reexamination of female rat renal tumour histopathology of the NTP high dose OTA study showed all carcinomas were solitary, unilateral, microscopic and clinically insignificant at the 2-year end-stage. The novel concept, when consolidated further from our archived material, may moderate current perceptions of the human risk of traces of dietary OTA.

  11. Serum testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin and total calcium levels predict the calcaneal speed of sound in men

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kok-Yong, Chin; Ima-Nirwana, Soelaiman; Isa Naina, Mohamed; Wan Zurinah Wan, Ngah.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Variations in sex hormones and the calcium balance can influence bone health in men. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and biochemical determinants of bone mass, such as sex hormones, parathyroid hormones and serum calcium. METHODS: [...] Data from 549 subjects from the Malaysian Aging Male Study, which included Malay and Chinese men aged 20 years and older residing in the Klang Valley, were used for analysis. The subjects' calcaneal speed of sound was measured, and their blood was collected for biochemical analysis. Two sets of multiple regression models were generated for the total/bioavailable testosterone and estradiol to avoid multicollinearity. RESULTS: The multiple regression results revealed that bioavailable testosterone and serum total calcium were significant predictors of the calcaneal speed of sound in the adjusted model. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index, only bioavailable testosterone remained significant; the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. In a separate model, the total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin were significant predictors, whereas the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index (BMI), the significance persisted for total testosterone and SHBG. After further adjustment for age, none of the serum biochemical determinants was a significant predictor of the calcaneal speed of sound. CONCLUSION: There is a significant age-dependent relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and total testosterone, bioavailable testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin in Chinese and Malay men in Malaysia. The relationship between total serum calcium and calcaneal speed of sound is ethnicity-dependent.

  12. Effect of long-term storage on hormone measurements in samples from pregnant women: The experience of the Finnish Maternity Cohort

    OpenAIRE

    Holl, Katsiaryna; Lundin, Eva; Kaasila, Marjo; Grankvist, Kjell; Afanasyeva, Yelena; Hallmans, Göran; Lehtinen, Matti; Pukkala, Eero; Surcel, Helja-Marja; Toniolo, Paolo; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Koskela, Pentti; Lukanova, Annekatrin

    2007-01-01

    Validity of biobank studies on hormone associated cancers depend on the extent the sample preservation is affecting the hormone measurements. We investigated the effect of long-term storage (up to 22 years) on immunoassay measurements of three groups of hormones and associated proteins: sex-steroids [estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)], pregnancy-specific hormones [human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), placental gr...

  13. The 11S globulin Sin a 2 from yellow mustard seeds shows IgE cross-reactivity with homologous counterparts from tree nuts and peanut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirvent Sofía

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The 11S globulin Sin a 2 is a marker to predict severity of symptoms in mustard allergic patients. The potential implication of Sin a 2 in cross-reactivity with tree nuts and peanut has not been investigated so far. In this work, we studied at the IgG and IgE level the involvement of the 11S globulin Sin a 2 in cross-reactivity among mustard, tree nuts and peanut. Methods Eleven well-characterized mustard-allergic patients sensitized to Sin a 2 were included in the study. A specific anti-Sin a 2 serum was obtained in rabbit. Skin prick tests (SPT, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, immunoblotting and IgG or IgE-inhibition immunoblotting experiments using purified Sin a 2, Sin a 1, Sin a 3, mustard, almond, hazelnut, pistachio, walnut or peanut extracts were performed. Results The rabbit anti-Sin a 2 serum showed high affinity and specificity to Sin a 2, which allowed us to demonstrate that Sin a 2 shares IgG epitopes with allergenic 11S globulins from tree nuts (almond, hazelnut, pistachio and walnut but not from peanut. All the patients included in the study had positive skin prick test to tree nuts and/or peanut and we subdivided them into two different groups according to their clinical symptoms after ingestion of such allergenic sources. We showed that 11S globulins contain conserved IgE epitopes involved in cross-reactivity among mustard, tree nuts and peanut as well as species-specific IgE epitopes. Conclusions The allergenic 11S globulin Sin a 2 from mustard is involved in cross-reactivity at the IgE level with tree nuts and peanut. Although the clinical relevance of the cross-reactive IgE epitopes present in 11S globulins needs to be investigated in further detail, our results contribute to improve the diagnosis and management of mustard allergic patients sensitized to Sin a 2.

  14. Cask storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To eliminate various kinds of economical disadvantages in construction of cask storage and disperse risks caused by massive storage. Constitution: The storage half-underground structure is composed of the cask storage room buried under the ground and the ventilation room with the air inlet and outlet placed on the ground level. Direct radiation from the cask is shielded by using soils below the ground level, and radiation in the ceiling direction is shielded by the ceiling concrete. Heat generated from the cask is transferred and exhausted by natural air ventilation from the air inlet to the outlet by using the drive force of buoyancy generated from the difference of air density between the inside and the outside of the storage. The cask is taken in and out of the shielding lid installed in the ceiling corresponding to the storage position, by using a movable crane. (Sekiya, K.)

  15. Antibodies to glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchored proteins (GPI-AP) in antithymocyte and antilymphocyte globulin: possible role for the expansion of GPI-AP deficient cells in aplastic anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Breitinger, Heike H.; Rojewski, Markus T.; Schrezenmeier, Hubert

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and antilymphocyte globulin (ALG) are currently used successfully for immunosuppressive treatment of aplastic anemia. In this study we have investigated whether commercial ATG/ALG preparations contain antibodies against glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchored proteins (GPI-AP), which could be responsible for emergence of GPI-deficient populations in aplastic anemia after ATG/ALG therapy. We analyzed four commercial ATG/ALG preparations by compet...

  16. Production of the Growth Factors GM-CSF, G-CSF, and VEGF by Human Peripheral Blood Cells Induced with Metal Complexes of Human Serum ?-Globulin Formed with Copper or Zinc Ions

    OpenAIRE

    Cheknev, Sergey B.; Apresova, Maria A.; Moryakova, Nadezhda A.; Efremova, Irina E.; Mezdrokhina, Anna S.; Piskovskaya, Lidya S.; Babajanz, Alla A.

    2014-01-01

    As it was established in our previous studies, the proteins of human serum ?-globulin fraction could interact with copper or zinc ions distributed in the periglobular space, form metal complexes, and become able to perform effector functions differing due to the conformational shifts from those mediated by them in native conformation of their Fc regions. In the present work we have evaluated ability of the ?-globulin metal complexes formed with copper or zinc ions in the conditions like to th...

  17. Tritium storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general synthesis about tritium storage is achieved in this paper and a particular attention is given to practical application in the Fusion Technology Program. Tritium, storage under gaseous form and solid form are discussed (characteristics, advantages, disadvantages and equipments). The way of tritium storage is then discussed and a choice established as a function of a logic which takes into account the main working parameters

  18. Energy storage

    CERN Document Server

    Brunet, Yves

    2013-01-01

    Energy storage examines different applications such as electric power generation, transmission and distribution systems, pulsed systems, transportation, buildings and mobile applications. For each of these applications, proper energy storage technologies are foreseen, with their advantages, disadvantages and limits. As electricity cannot be stored cheaply in large quantities, energy has to be stored in another form (chemical, thermal, electromagnetic, mechanical) and then converted back into electric power and/or energy using conversion systems. Most of the storage technologies are examined: b

  19. Therapy of severe aplastic anemia with anti-human thymocyte globulin (ATGAM) with and without HLA-haploidentical bone-marrow infusion.

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, K. Y.

    1986-01-01

    Six patients with severe aplastic anemia treated with horse anti-human thymocyte globulin (ATG) and androgen. Four of these patients were only given ATG (ATGAMR), 16 mg/Kg/dose x 10 doses. The remaining two cases received an infusion of maternal HLA-haploidentical marrow cells following ATG therapy. One patient had a complete response, three had a partial response, one showed minimal improvement and two were non-responders. The two patients who received the additional haploidentical marrow ce...

  20. Sex hormone binding globulin and risk factors for breast cancer in a population of normal women who had never used exogenous sex hormones.

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, J.W.; Key, T. J.; Bulbrook, R. D.; Clark, G. M.; Allen, D S; Wang, D. Y.; Pike, M.C.

    1987-01-01

    Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations were measured by immunoradiometric assay in serum samples from 1,221 healthy female volunteers aged 34-79 who had never used oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, had no history of thyroid disease or cancer, and had not used any drugs known to influence SHBG in the 14 days preceding blood sampling. There were 616 premenopausal and 605 naturally postmenopausal women. In both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, SHBG decreased ...

  1. Interaction of blood sex steroid-binding globulin-steroid complexes with the plasma membranes of cells of the human decidual endometrium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The plasma membranes of cells of the decidual tissue specifically bind complexes of the sex steroid-binding globulin (SBG) of the blood with estrogens (estradiol, estriol, estrone) and the pharmacological agent danazol but do not interact with SBG-testosterone and SBG-dihydrotestosterone complexes. The selectivity of the interaction of SBG-steroid complexes with the cell membranes of the decidual tissue confirms the hypothesis of an active role of SBG in the action of steroids on this target tissue

  2. Hazard evaluation of chemicals that cause accumulation of alpha 2u-globulin, hyaline droplet nephropathy, and tubule neoplasia in the kidneys of male rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Hard, G C; Rodgers, I S; Baetcke, K. P.; Richards, W L; McGaughy, R E; Valcovic, L R

    1993-01-01

    This review paper examines the relationship between chemicals inducing excessive accumulation of alpha 2u-globulin (alpha 2u-g) (CIGA) in hyaline droplets in male rat kidneys and the subsequent development of nephrotoxicity and renal tubule neoplasia in the male rat. This dose-responsive hyaline droplet accumulation distinguishes CIGA carcinogens from classical renal carcinogens. CIGA carcinogens also do not appear to react with DNA and are generally negative in short-term tests for genotoxic...

  3. Associations of sex hormone-binding globulin and testosterone with diabetes among men and women (the Saku Diabetes study): a case control study

    OpenAIRE

    Goto Atsushi; Morita Akemi; Goto Maki; Sasaki Satoshi; Miyachi Motohiko; Aiba Naomi; Terauchi Yasuo; Noda Mitsuhiko; Watanabe Shaw

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels and sex hormones have been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. As fatty liver has been suggested to be a major determinant of SHBG levels, we examined whether the associations of SHBG and testosterone with diabetes were independent of fatty liver. Methods We conducted a case–control study that included 300 diabetes cases (215 men and 85 women) and 300 matched controls from the Saku cohort...

  4. Coffee and Caffeine Consumption in Relation to Sex Hormone–Binding Globulin and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Postmenopausal Women

    OpenAIRE

    Goto, Atsushi; Song, Yiqing; Chen, Brian H; Manson, JoAnn Elisabeth; Buring, Julie Elizabeth; Liu, Simin

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has been inversely associated with type 2 diabetes risk, but its mechanisms are largely unknown. We aimed to examine whether plasma levels of sex hormones and sex hormone–binding globulin (SHBG) may account for the inverse association between coffee consumption and type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in the prospective Women's Health Study (WHS). During a median follow-up of 10 years, 359 postmenopausal wo...

  5. The effect of cyclic and continuous estrogen replacement therapy on sex hormone binding globulins and androgen levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ercan M AYGEN

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The serum levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG, free testosteron (fT and dehidroepiandrostenedione sulphate (DHEASO4 which differ following menopause, are effected by estrogens. Therefore oral conjugated equine estrogen (CEE were administered by two different regimens and the consequent hormone levels measured.Materials and Methods: Twenty five postmenopausal women were divided into two groups. Thirteen women received 0.625mg/day CEE (premarin,Wyeth continously and 5 mg/day medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA (Farlutal, Deva between 14-25 days (group I. Twelve patients received 0.625 mg/day CEE between 1- 21 days and 5 mg/day MPA between 14-25 days (groupII. Both regimens were given to the patients for 6 months.Results: While levels of SHBG significantly raised, the fT and DHEASO4 levels significantly decreased within the two groups. However these hormone levels did not differ between the groups.Conclusion: Both regimens affected SHBG, fT and DHEASO4 levels. But the difference did not show significance between the groups. We conclude that studies in larger groups with a longer treatment period would be more enlightening to determine the difference between the groups.

  6. Sex hormone binding globulin phenotypes : their detection and distribution in healthy adults and in different clinical conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cornelisse, M M; Bennett, Patrick

    1994-01-01

    Human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is encoded by a normal and a variant allele. The resulting SHBG phenotypes (the homozygous normal SHBG, the heterozygous SHBG and the homozygous variant SHBG phenotype) can be distinguished by their electrophoretic patterns. We developed a novel detection system allowing us to distinguish between the different electrophoretic patterns in small amounts of plasma or serum (10 microliters). Small aliquots of Blue Sepharose were added to diluted sera or plasma samples for removal of albumin and the supernatants were subsequently applied to Western blotting. This method of detection was used to determine the distribution of SHBG phenotypes in healthy controls of both sexes and in five different pathological conditions characterized by changes in the SHBG level or endocrine disturbances (malignant and benign ovarian neoplasms, hirsutism, liver cirrhosis and alcoholism). The distribution of SHBG phenotypes was independent of such conditions and in agreement with the expectedphenotype distribution of a bi-allelic gene in both healthy controls and patients (Hardy Weinberg law). An allele frequency of 0.13 was found for the SHBG variant allele based on the experimental values. Differences in SHBG phenotypes do not appear to have any clinical significance and no sex difference was found in the SHBG phenotype distribution.

  7. Heat-denaturation and aggregation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) globulins as affected by the pH value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mäkinen, Outi E; Zannini, Emanuele; Koehler, Peter; Arendt, Elke K

    2016-04-01

    The influence of heating (100°C; 0-15min) on the relative molecular mass, protein unfolding and secondary structure of quinoa globulins was studied at pH 6.5 (low solubility), 8.5 and 10.5 (high solubility). The patterns of denaturation and aggregation varied with pH. Heating triggered the disruption of the disulfide bonds connecting the acidic and basic chains of the chenopodin subunits at pH 8.5 and 10.5, but not at pH 6.5. Large aggregates unable to enter a 4% SDS-PAGE gel were formed at pH 6.5 and 8.5, which became soluble under reducing conditions. Heating at pH 10.5 lead to a rapid dissociation of the native chenopodin and to the disruption of the subunits, but no SDS-insoluble aggregates were formed. No major changes in secondary structure occurred during a 15min heating, but an increase in hydrophobicity indicated unfolding of the tertiary structure in all samples. PMID:26593460

  8. The COX-2 gene promoter polymorphism -765 delays CD4 T-cell reconstitution after lymphocyte depletion with antithymocyte globulins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courivaud, Cécile; Bamoulid, Jamal; Ferrand, Christophe; Tiberghien, Pierre; Chalopin, Jean-Marc; Saas, Philippe; Ducloux, Didier

    2011-11-01

    Polyclonal antithymocyte globulins (ATG) induce persistent changes in T-lymphocyte subsets characterized by low CD4 T. The mechanisms remain partly unknown. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is involved in lymphocyte homeostasis. Whether PGE(2) may be involved in persistent CD4 T-cell lymphopenia after ATG is unknown. We examined the association between this polymorphism and CD4 T-cell count in 159 renal transplant recipients (RTR) who received ATG. Analysis of these patients identified 6 CC (3.8%), 32 GC (22.6%), and 117 GG (73.6%) genotypes. Patients with the GG genotype had significantly higher serum PGE(2) concentrations, leading us to compare C carriers with GG patients. Carriers of the C allele had lower CD4 T cell count 1 year (235 ± 96 vs 323 ± 227/mm(3); p = 0.022) and 2 years posttransplant (325 ± 79 vs 422 ± 231/mm(3); p = 0.024). In multivariate analysis, the C allele (p = 0.029) conferred an increased risk of posttransplant CD4 T-cell lymphocytopenia. Pretransplant T-cell receptor excision circle levels were lower in C carriers. COX-2 gene promoter polymorphism at position -765 (G ? C) is associated with persistent CD4 T-cell lymphopenia after ATG in RTR. This effect is likely to be mediated by the actions of PGE(2) on thymus function and viability. PMID:21782872

  9. Electroimmunoassay of sex hormone binding globulin. Enhanced sensitivity by autoradiography using A-ring 125I-17-?-oestradiol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four different 125I-iodinated steroids were tested for their binding to human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) using an electrophoretic technique. 17-?-oestradiol iodinated in its A-ring bound with high affinity to SHBG. This radioactive steroid was used to increase the sensitivity of the electroimmunoassay of SHBG by adding the steroid to the samples before electroimmunoassay. The radioactive steroid incorporated into the immunoprecipitates could be observed by autoradiography. The sensitivity of the assay, which employed a rabbit antiserum against purified human SHBG and was standardized with pure SHBG, was about 0.2 mg/1. The coefficient of variation within and between assays was 2.4% and 2.6% respectively, for values within the normal range. The mean SHBG concentration in healthy regularly menstruating women was 3.50 +- 0.74 (SD) mg/1 when measured in plasma, and 3.78 +- 0.80 mg/1 when measured in serum. The corresponding mean concentrations in healthy men were 2.26 +- 0.45 and 2.44 +- 0.49 mg/1. The modified electroimmunoassay described is a simple modification, which increases the sensitivity sufficiently to permit reliable quantification of SHBG over the entire range of concentration which could be relevant in clinical practice. (author)

  10. Globulina antilinfocítica en el tratamiento de la anemia aplásica severa / Antilymphocyte globulin in the treatment of severe aplastic anemia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Víctor, Ulloa Perez; Wilson, Ruiz Gil; Luz, Bustamante; Carolina, Tokumura Tokumura.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en nuestro hospital en el tratamiento de anemia aplásica severa con globulina antilinfocítica. Materiales y Metodos: Se estudiaron 58 pacientes con AAS diagnosticados entre 1988-1998 de los cuales 25 recibieron Globulina antilinfocítica (GAL), 56% de ellos eran men [...] ores a 20 años de edad,19 de los pacientes tratados con GAL son del sexo masculino . Resultado: Respondieron favorablemente 68%(17pacientes),la mayoría de ellos (64%)alcanzaron esta respuesta durante los primeros 6 meses. Un paciente evolucionó a Hemoglobinuria paroxística nocturna (HPN), efectos adversos fueron leves y de corta duración. (Rev Med Hered;1999 ;10:132 - 136 ). Abstract in english Objetive: To report the experience with antilymphocyte globulin in the treatment of severe aplastic anemia. Material and methods: We studied 58 patients with SAA between 1988-1998. Twenty five patients were treated with ALG, 56 % of them were less than 20 years old, nineteen of the patients were mal [...] es. Results:We observed good response in 68% of the patients, the majority of the patients (64%) got a good response during the first 6 months of the follow up. Only one patient evolved into Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria. Side effects were mild and short in duration. (Rev Med Hered; 1999;10:132 - 136 ).

  11. Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) induction of ?2u-globulin nephropathy in male, but not female rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Male F-344 rats were administered corn oil (vehicle control), d-limonene (positive control, 300 mg/kg), or MIBK (1000 mg/kg) and female F-344 rats corn oil (vehicle control) or MIBK for 10 consecutive days by oral gavage. Approximately 24 h after the final dose the kidneys were excised and the left kidney prepared and evaluated for histological changes including protein (hyaline) droplet accumulation, immunohistochemical staining for ?2u-globulin (?2u), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) to quantitate renal cell proliferation. The right kidney was prepared for quantitation of total protein and ?2u using an ELISA. MIBK elicited an increase in protein droplets, accumulation of ?2u, and renal cell proliferation in male, but not female rats, responses characteristic of ?2u-mediated nephropathy. MIBK produced identical histopathological changes in the male rat kidney when compared to d-limonene, an acknowledged inducer of ?2u-nephropathy except that the grade of severity tended to be slightly lower with MIBK. MIBK did not induce any effects in female rats. Therefore, renal histopathology, along with the other measures of ?2u accumulation, provides additional weight of evidence to support the inclusion of MIBK in the category of chemicals exerting renal effects through a ?2u-nephropathy-mediated mode-of-action

  12. Proteomic and genetic analysis of wheat endosperm albumins and globulins using deletion lines of cultivar Chinese Spring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merlino, Marielle; Bousbata, Sabrina

    2012-01-01

    Albumins and globulins from the endosperm of Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) were analysed to establish a proteome reference map for this standard wheat cultivar. Approximately, 1,145 Coomassie-stained spots were detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE), 410 of which were identified using mass spectrometry and data mining. Salt-soluble endosperm proteins from 67 CS deletion lines were also separated by 2DE (four gels per line). Image analysis of the 268 2DE gels as compared to the CS reference proteome allowed the detection of qualitative and quantitative variations in endosperm proteins due to chromosomal deletions. This differential analysis of spots allowed structural or regulatory genes, encoding 211 proteins, to be located on segments of the 21 wheat chromosomes. In addition, variance analysis of quantitative variations in spot volume showed that the expression of 391 proteins is controlled by one or more chromosome bins with 262 significant increases and 196 significant decreases in spot volume. The spot volume of several proteins was increased or decreased by numerous chromosomal regions and homoeologous-like regulation was revealed for some proteins. Quantitative or qualitative variation in a total of 386 proteins was influenced by genes assigned to at least one chromosomal region, while 66 % of all stained proteins were not found to be influenced by chromosome bins. Proteomics of deletion lines can, therefore, be used to simultaneously analyse the composition and genetics of a complex tissue, such as the wheat endosperm.

  13. Rapid activation of monocyte tissue factor by antithymocyte globulin is dependent on complement and protein disulfide isomerase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spath, Brigitte; Fischer, Cornelia; Stolz, Moritz; Ayuk, Francis A.; Kröger, Nicolaus; Bokemeyer, Carsten; Ruf, Wolfram

    2013-01-01

    Lymphocyte depletion with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) can be complicated by systemic coagulation activation. We found that ATG activated tissue factor procoagulant activity (TF PCA) on monocytic cells more potently than other stimuli that decrypt TF, including cell disruption, TF pathway inhibitor inhibition, and calcium ionophore treatment. Induction of TF PCA by ATG was dependent on lipid raft integrity and complement activation. We showed that ATG-mediated TF activation required complement activation until assembly of the C5b-7 membrane insertion complex, but not lytic pore formation by the membrane attack complex C5b-9. Consistently, induction of TF PCA by ATG did not require maximal phosphatidylserine membrane exposure and was not correlated with the magnitude of complement-induced lytic cell injury. Blockade of free thiols, an inhibitory monoclonal antibody to protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), and the small-molecule PDI antagonist quercetin-3-rutinoside prevented ATG-mediated TF activation, and C5 complement activation resulted in oxidation of cell surface PDI. This rapid and potent mechanism of cellular TF activation represents a novel connection between the complement system and cell surface PDI-mediated thiol-disulfide exchange. Delineation of this clinically relevant mechanism of activation of the extrinsic coagulation pathway during immunosuppressive therapy with ATG may have broader implications for vascular thrombosis associated with inflammatory disorders. PMID:23315166

  14. Atomic storage

    CERN Multimedia

    Ricadela, A

    2003-01-01

    IBM is supplying CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, with its Storage Tank file system virtualization software, 20 terabytes of storage capacity, and services under a three-year deal to build computer systems that will support the Large Hadron Collider accelerator (1 paragraph).

  15. Expression, purification and preliminary crystallization of amaranth 11S proglobulin seed storage protein from Amaranthus hypochondriacus L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High level expression of soluble amaranth 11S proglobulin in Escherichia coli and its purification are described. Crystallization of the recombinant protein and crystal data collection are also presented. 11S globulin is one of the major seed storage proteins in amaranth. Recombinant protein was produced as up to ?80% of the total bacterial protein using Escherichia coli Rosetta-gami (DE3) containing pET21d with amaranth 11S globulin cDNA. The best expression condition was at 302 K for 20 h using LB medium containing 0.5 M NaCl. The recombinant protein was easily separated from most of the Escherichia coli proteins by precipitation with 0–40% ammonium sulfate solution. It formed aggregates at low temperature and at low salt concentrations. This behaviour may imply that it has a more hydrophobic nature than other 11S seed globulins. The crystals diffracted to 6 Å resolution and belonged to space group P63, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 97.6, c = 74.8 Å, ? = 120.0°. One subunit of a trimer was estimated to be present in the asymmetric unit, assuming a Vsol of 41%. To obtain the complete structure solution, experiments to improve crystallization and flash-cooling conditions are in progress

  16. Combined N-glycome and N-glycoproteome analysis of the Lotus japonicus seed globulin fraction shows conservation of protein structure and glycosylation in legumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam, Svend Secher; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized genotype/phenotype and easily manipulated genome, may also be suitable for studies of legume food allergy. Here we present a comprehensive study of the Lotus N-glycoproteome. The global and site-specific N-glycan structures of Lotus seed globulins were analyzed using mass spectrometry-based glycomics and glycoproteomics techniques. In total, 19 N-glycan structures comprising high mannose (?20%), pauci-mannosidic (?40%), and complex forms (?40%) were determined. The pauci-mannosidic and complex N-glycans contained high amounts of the typical plant determinants ?-1,2-xylose and ?-1,3-fucose. Two abundant Lotus seed N-glycoproteins were site-specifically profiled; a predicted lectincontaining two fully occupied N-glycosylation sites carried predominantly pauci-mannosidic structures in different distributions. In contrast, Lotus convicilin storage protein 2 (LCP2) carried exclusively high mannose N-glycans similar to its homologue, Ara h 1, which is the major allergen in peanut. In silico investigation confirmed that peanut Ara h 1 and Lotus LCP2 are highly similar at the primary and higher protein structure levels. Hence, we suggest that Lotus has the potential to serve as a model system for studying the role of seed proteins and their glycosylation in food allergy.

  17. The binding properties of pyrethroids to human skin fibroblast androgen receptors and to sex hormone binding globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eil, C; Nisula, B C

    1990-03-01

    The pyrethroids are a class of natural and synthetic pesticides which were associated with an epidemic of gynecomastia in Haitian men in 1981. In the present study we tested several pyrethroids for their ability to interact with androgen binding sites in dispersed, intact human genital skin fibroblasts and in human plasma to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). All the pyrethroids tested inhibited fibroblast binding of [3H]methyltrienolone (R1881) at 22 degrees C with the following rank order of potency:pyrethrins greater than bioallethrin greater than fenvalerate greater than fenothrin greater than fluvalinate greater than permethrin greater than resmethrin. 50% displacement of [3H]R1881 binding to fibroblast androgen receptors was achieved by 1.5-44 x 10(-5) M concentrations of the competitors, respectively. Previous studies with cimetidine, a known inhibitor of androgen receptor binding, showed 50% competition at a concentration of 1.4 x 10(-4) M in this system. Scatchard analysis of binding experiments performed with increasing concentrations of [3H]R1881 in the presence of the pyrethroids indicated that the binding inhibition was competitive. On the other hand, of the pyrethroids examined only the pyrethrins (50% inhibition) and bioallethrin (43% inhibition) were able to displace [3H]testosterone from SHBG when tested at a concentration of 10(-4) M. These data indicate that a novel class of non-steroidal compounds, the pyrethroids, can interact competitively with human androgen receptors and SHBG. These findings provide a mechanism by which chronic exposure of humans or animals to pesticides containing these compounds may result in disturbances in endocrine effects relating to androgen action. PMID:2325407

  18. A retrospective comparison of cyclophosphamide plus antithymocyte globulin with cyclophosphamide plus busulfan as the conditioning regimen for severe aplastic anemia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L.V.M., Ommati; C.A., Rodrigues; A.R., Silva; L.P., Silva; M.L.L.F., Chaufaille; J.S.R., Oliveira.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is the treatment of choice for young patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The association of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclophosphamide (CY) is the most frequently used conditioning regimen for this disease. We performed this r [...] etrospective study in order to compare the outcomes of HLA-matched sibling donor AHSCT in 41 patients with SAA receiving cyclophosphamide plus ATG (ATG-CY, N = 17) or cyclophosphamide plus busulfan (BU-CY, N = 24). The substitution of BU for ATG was motivated by the high cost of ATG. There were no differences in the clinical features between the two groups, including age, gender, cytomegalovirus status, ABO match, interval between diagnosis and transplant, and number of total nucleated cells infused. No differences were observed in the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment, or in the risk of veno-occlusive disease and hemorrhage. However, there was a higher risk of mucositis in the BU-CY group (71 vs 24%, P = 0.004). There were no differences in the incidence of neutrophil and platelet engraftment, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease, and transplant-related mortality. There was a higher incidence of late rejection in the ATG-CY group (41 vs 4%, P = 0.009). Although the ATG-CY group had a longer follow-up (101 months) than the BU-CY group (67 months, P = 0.04), overall survival was similar between the groups (69 vs 58%, respectively, P = 0.32). We conclude that the association BU-CY is a feasible option to the conventional ATG-CY regimen in this population.

  19. A rapid release of corticosteroid-binding globulin from the liver restrains the glucocorticoid hormone response to acute stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Xiaoxiao; Droste, Susanne K; Gutièrrez-Mecinas, María; Collins, Andrew; Kersanté, Flavie; Reul, Johannes M H M; Linthorst, Astrid C E

    2011-10-01

    A strict control of glucocorticoid hormone responses to stress is essential for health. In blood, glucocorticoid hormones are for the largest part bound to corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), and just a minor fraction of hormone is free. Only free glucocorticoid hormone is able to exert biological effects, but little is known about its regulation during stress. We found, using a dual-probe in vivo microdialysis method, that in rats, the forced-swim stress-induced rise in free corticosterone (its major glucocorticoid hormone) is strikingly similar in the blood and in target compartments such as the subcutaneous tissue and the brain. However, in all compartments, the free corticosterone response was delayed by 20-30 min as compared with the total corticosterone response in the blood. We discovered that CBG is the key player in this delay. Swim stress evoked a fast (within 5 min) and profound rise in CBG protein and binding capacity in the blood through a release of the protein from the liver. Thus, the increase in circulating CBG levels after stress restrains the rise in free corticosterone concentrations for approximately 20 min in the face of mounting total hormone levels in the circulation. The stress-induced increase in CBG seems to be specific for moderate and strong stressors. Both restraint stress and forced swimming caused an increase in circulating CBG, whereas its levels were not affected by mild novelty stress. Our data uncover a new, highly dynamic role for CBG in the regulation of glucocorticoid hormone physiology after acute stress. PMID:21828178

  20. Corticosteroid-binding globulin contributes to the neuroendocrine phenotype of mice selected for extremes in stress reactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattos, Gabriele E; Heinzmann, Jan-Michael; Norkowski, Stefanie; Helbling, Jean-Christophe; Minni, Amandine M; Moisan, Marie-Pierre; Touma, Chadi

    2013-12-01

    Increasing evidence indicates an important role of steroid-binding proteins in endocrine functions, including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and regulation, as they influence bioavailability, local delivery, and cellular signal transduction of steroid hormones. In the plasma, glucocorticoids (GCs) are mainly bound to the corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) and to a lesser extend to albumin. Plasma CBG levels are therefore involved in the adaptive stress response, as they determine the concentration of free, biologically active GCs. In this study, we investigated whether male mice with a genetic predisposition for high-reactivity (HR), intermediate-reactivity (IR), or low-reactivity (LR) stress-induced corticosterone (CORT) secretion present different levels of free CORT and CORT-binding proteins, basally and in response to stressors of different intensity. Our results suggest a fine control interaction between plasma CBG expression and stress-induced CORT release. Although plasma CBG levels, and therefore CBG binding capacity, were higher in HR animals, CORT secretion overloaded the CBG buffering function in response to stressors, resulting in clearly higher free CORT levels in HR compared with IR and LR mice (HR>IR>LR), resembling the pattern of total CORT increase in all three lines. Both stressors, restraint or forced swimming, did not evoke fast CBG release from the liver into the bloodstream and therefore CBG binding capacity was not altered in our three mouse lines. Thus, we confirm CBG functions in maintaining a dynamic equilibrium between CBG-bound and unbound CORT, but could not verify its role in delaying the rise of plasma free CORT immediately after stress exposure. PMID:24048966

  1. A retrospective comparison of cyclophosphamide plus antithymocyte globulin with cyclophosphamide plus busulfan as the conditioning regimen for severe aplastic anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.V.M. Ommati

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT is the treatment of choice for young patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA. The association of antithymocyte globulin (ATG and cyclophosphamide (CY is the most frequently used conditioning regimen for this disease. We performed this retrospective study in order to compare the outcomes of HLA-matched sibling donor AHSCT in 41 patients with SAA receiving cyclophosphamide plus ATG (ATG-CY, N = 17 or cyclophosphamide plus busulfan (BU-CY, N = 24. The substitution of BU for ATG was motivated by the high cost of ATG. There were no differences in the clinical features between the two groups, including age, gender, cytomegalovirus status, ABO match, interval between diagnosis and transplant, and number of total nucleated cells infused. No differences were observed in the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment, or in the risk of veno-occlusive disease and hemorrhage. However, there was a higher risk of mucositis in the BU-CY group (71 vs 24%, P = 0.004. There were no differences in the incidence of neutrophil and platelet engraftment, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease, and transplant-related mortality. There was a higher incidence of late rejection in the ATG-CY group (41 vs 4%, P = 0.009. Although the ATG-CY group had a longer follow-up (101 months than the BU-CY group (67 months, P = 0.04, overall survival was similar between the groups (69 vs 58%, respectively, P = 0.32. We conclude that the association BU-CY is a feasible option to the conventional ATG-CY regimen in this population.

  2. Long-term outcome of 25 children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia treated with antithymocyte globulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de-Medeiros C.R.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Severe aplastic anemia (SAA is probably an immune-mediated disorder, and immunosuppressive therapy is recommended for patients with no available donor for bone marrow transplant. Between October 1984 and November 1987, 25 consecutive children and adolescents with SAA with no HLA-compatible marrow donor received equine antithymocyte globulin (ATG (15 mg kg-1 day-1 for 10 days. The patients were evaluated 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after starting ATG treatment. Thereafter, patients were evaluated yearly until July 1998. Median age was 10 years (range, 1.5-20 years, granulocyte counts on referral ranged from 0.032 to 1.4 x 10(9/l (median 0.256 x 10(9/l, and 12 patients had granulocyte counts <0.2 x 10(9/l. At a median follow-up of 9.6 years (range, 8.6-11.8 years, 10 patients (40% remained alive with good marrow function. No morphologic evidence of hematological clonal disorders has been observed, although two patients probably have acquired clonal chromosomal abnormalities (trisomy 8 and del(6q21, respectively. Responses to ATG were observed between 6 weeks and 6 months from the start of treatment in 60% of evaluable patients. The response rate was not different in patients whose granulocyte count at diagnosis was <0.2 x 10(9/l, or in those who were <10 years of age. This study supports the view that, when compared with supportive measures, ATG is an effective treatment for children or adolescents with SAA. Although these results are inferior to those reported for marrow transplantation or more intensive immunosuppressive regimens, these patients who responded to ATG are long-term survivors with stable peripheral blood counts and a low rate of relapse.

  3. Primordial germ cells (spermatogonial stem cells) of bullfrogs express sex hormone-binding globulin and steroid receptors during seasonal spermatogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caneguim, Breno Henrique; Beltrame, Flávia Luciana; da Luz, Juliana Silva; Valentini, Sandro Roberto; Cerri, Paulo Sérgio; Sasso-Cerri, Estela

    2013-01-01

    In vertebrate species, testosterone seems to inhibit spermatogonial differentiation and proliferation. However, this androgen can also be converted, via aromatase, into estrogen which stimulates spermatogonial differentiation and mitotic activity. During seasonal spermatogenesis of adult bullfrogs Lithobates catesbeianus, primordial germ cells (PGCs) show enhanced testosterone cytoplasm immunoexpression in winter; however, in summer, weak or no testosterone immunolabelling was observed. The aim of this study was to confirm if PGCs express stem cell markers - alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity and GFR?1 (glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor) - and verify whether testosterone is maintained in these cells by androgen receptors (ARs) and/or sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in winter. Furthermore, regarding the possibility that testosterone is converted into estrogen by PGCs in summer, the immunoexpression of estrogen receptor (ER)? was investigated. Bullfrog testes were collected in winter and in summer and were embedded in glycol methacrylate for morphological analyses or in paraffin for the histochemical detection of AP activity. GFR?1, AR, SHBG and ER? expression were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses. The expression of AP activity and GFR?1 in the PGCs suggest that these cells are spermatogonial stem cells. In winter, the cytoplasmic immunoexpression of ARs and SHBG in the PGCs indicates that testosterone is maintained by these proteins in these cells. The cytoplasmic immunoexpression of ER?, in summer, also points to an ER-mediated action of estrogen in PGCs. The results indicate a participation of testosterone and estrogen in the control of the primordial spermatogonia during the seasonal spermatogenesis of L. catesbeianus. PMID:22986369

  4. Regulation of IgM anti-bovine ?-globulin antibody formation by helper and suppressor T cells in rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary IgM anti-bovine ?-globulin (BGG) antibody formation was studied in rabbits subjected to 500 or 900 R of whole body X-irradiation in combination with one or more of the following conditions: appendectomy (Ax), thymectomy (Tx), shielding of appendix (As) or bone marrow (Bs) during irradiation (X), transfer of 109 appendix or thymus cells (Ac or Tc), and immediate immunization with 200 ?g of alum-precipitated BGG iv. The IgM antibody response was well preserved in AsX rabbits in comparison with X500 rabbits. Conversely, the response was suppressed in AxX500 rabbits although transfer of autologous appendix cells to these animals (AxX500Ac) restored the response. In the group receiving 900 R, there was variable restoration in individual AxX.Ac and AxBsX.Ac rabbits and little or none in AxTxX.Tc, AxTxBsX.Tc, and AxTxBsX.Ac animals. However, simultaneous injections of autologous thymus cells and appendix lymphocytes (AxTxX.Ac.Tc) restored the response completely. The IgM response was somewhat enhanced in AsTxX animals and returned again to the level of normal controls by injecting these animals with autologous thymus cells. However, marked suppression was seen when AsTxX rabbits were injected with neonatal allogeneic thymus cells. A remarkable enhancement of IgM antibody formation was induced in normal rabbits by injection of PHA into the appendiceal artery. On the basis of these results and of histological observations, it was suggested that the rabbit appendix represents a large pool of both B and T cells and that appendix-derived B cells participating in IgM anti-BGG antibody formation are under the regulation of both helper and suppressor T cells

  5. Preparation of 125I-labeled human thyroxine-binding alpha globulin and its turnover in normal and hypothyroid subjects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A protein with the electrophoretic, immunologic, and hormone-binding properties of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) has been prepared from human plasma and labeled with radioiodine (125I) by an enzymatic method of iodination. The [125I]TBG retained the electrophoretic and immunologic characteristics of unlabeled TBG but exhibited a partial loss of thyroxine-binding activity, as assessed by affinity chromatography. The in vivo behavior of [125I]TBG was studied in six euthyroid subjects (controls) with normal serum levels of TBG as measured both by radioimmunoassay and by determination of maximal T4-binding capacity and in four male patients with untreated primary hyperthyroidism, three of whom had elevated serum TBG. The half-time of the final slope of the plasma disappearance curve averaged 5.0 days +- 1.2 (SD) in the controls and ranged from 3.9 to 10.9 days in the hypothyroid patients. The distribution volume was similar in the two groups, 6.7 +- 1.3 vs. 7.1 +- 2.1 liters. The catabolic clearance rate averaged 0.99 +- 0.33 liters plasma/24 h in the controls and 0.92 +- 0.46 in the hypothyroids. The absolute turnover rate of TBG, calculated from the catabolic clearance rate multiplied by the serum concentration of radioimmunoassayable TBG, averaged 17.8 +- 2.1 mg/day in the controls and ranged from 14.8 to 33.2 mg/day in the hypothyroids. Among the entire group of subjects there was no correlation between the serum TBG concentration and the absolute turnover rate of TBG

  6. Prediagnostic plasma testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, IGF-I and hepatocellular carcinoma : Etiological factors or risk markers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukanova, Annekatrin; Becker, Susen

    2014-01-01

    Elevated pre-diagnostic testosterone and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations have been proposed to increase risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the metabolism of these hormones is altered as a consequence of liver damage and they may have clinical utility as HCC risk markers. A case-control study was nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort and included 125 incident HCC cases and 247 individually matched controls. Testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and IGF-I were analyzed by immunoassays. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by conditional logistic regression. The area under the receiver operating curves (AUC) was calculated to assess HCC predictive ability of the tested models. After adjustments for epidemiological variables (body mass index, smoking, ethanol intake, hepatitis and diabetes) and liver damage (a score based on albumin, bilirubin, aspartate aminotransaminase, alanine aminotransaminase, gamma-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase concentrations), only SHBG remained significantly associated with risk (OR for top versus bottom tertile of 3.86 (1.32-11.3), ptrend =0.009). As a single factor SHBG had an AUC of 0.81 (0.75-0.86). A small, but significant increase in AUC was observed when SHBG was added to a model including the liver damage score and epidemiological variables (from 0.89 to 0.91, p=0.02) and a net reclassification of 0.47% (0.45-0.48). The observed associations of HCC with pre-diagnostic SHBG, free testosterone and IGF-I concentrations are in directions opposite to that expected under the etiological hypotheses. SHBG has a potential to be tested as pre-diagnostic risk marker for HCC. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Pre-emptive therapy of acute graft-versus-host disease: a pilot study with antithymocyte globulin (ATG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacigalupo, A; Oneto, R; Lamparelli, T; Gualandi, F; Bregante, S; Raiola, A M; Di Grazia, C; Dominietto, A; Romagnani, C; Bruno, B; Van Lint, M T; Frassoni, F

    2001-12-01

    We have previously shown that patients at high risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and transplant-related mortality (TRM) can be identified on day +7 following an allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT), based on serum bilirubin and blood urea nitrogen levels. One possible approach to reduce the risk of GVHD and TRM, is pre-emptive treatment with T cell antibodies. We report a pilot study testing the feasibility of this approach in 18 high risk patients, with a median age of 41, 83% of whom had advanced disease, undergoing an alternative donor BMT (family mismatched in five and unrelated in 13). The patients received three doses of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (Thymoglobuline; Sangstat) 1.25 mg/kg on alternate days, starting at a median interval of 11 days (range 7-13) after BMT. Controls were 20 historical unrelated donor transplants (median age 35, 63% with advanced disease), with a high score from our original publication in 1999. The actuarial 1 year TRM of the ATG-treated patients was 40% compared to 60% for untreated controls (P = 0.06). Severe grade III-IV aGVHD developed in 27% of the ATG-treated patients, and in 55% of the controls (P = 0.08). This study indicates that early pre-emptive treatment of aGVHD in day +7 high risk patients is feasible and may lead to a reduction of aGVHD and TRM. This approach is being tested in a prospective randomized trial. PMID:11803348

  8. Induction by anti-thymocyte globulins in kidney transplantation: a review of the literature and current usage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malvezzi, Paolo; Jouve, Thomas; Rostaing, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    Context: Preventing acute rejection (AR) after kidney transplantation is of utmost importance because an AR can have a negative impact on long-term allograft survival. Evidence Acquisition: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Google Scholar, PubMed, EBSCO, and Web of Science have been searched. Results: At the moment this can be done by using rabbit anti-thymocyte globulins (rATGs) as an induction therapy. However, because rATGs are associated with some deleterious side-effects, such as the opportunistic infections cytomegalovirus (CMV) and de novo post-transplant cancer, it is very important they are used optimally, i.e., at minimal doses that avoid many side-effects but still retain optimal treatment efficacy. Recent data show that the risk of CMV infection can be minimized using tacrolimus plus everolimus, and not tacrolimus plus mycophenolic acid, as the maintenance immunosuppression. The use of rATG is particularly valuable in; (a) sensitized patients; (b) in recipients from an expanded-criteria donor, thus enabling the introduction of calcineurin inhibitors at reduced doses; and (c) for patients where steroid avoidance is contemplated. However, we also need to consider that rATG may increase the risk of de novo cancer, even though recent data indicate this is unlikely and that any risk can be reduced by using mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors instead of mycophenolic acid combined with low-dose calcineurin inhibitors. Conclusions: Even though rATGs do not improve long-term kidney-allograft survival, they may help reduce calcineurin-inhibitor dosage during the early post-transplant period and minimize the risk of AR. PMID:26457257

  9. Genetic evidence that raised sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perry, John R B; Weedon, Michael N

    2010-01-01

    Epidemiological studies consistently show that circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are lower in type 2 diabetes patients than non-diabetic individuals, but the causal nature of this association is controversial. Genetic studies can help dissect causal directions of epidemiological associations because genotypes are much less likely to be confounded, biased or influenced by disease processes. Using this Mendelian randomization principle, we selected a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) near the SHBG gene, rs1799941, that is strongly associated with SHBG levels. We used data from this SNP, or closely correlated SNPs, in 27 657 type 2 diabetes patients and 58 481 controls from 15 studies. We then used data from additional studies to estimate the difference in SHBG levels between type 2 diabetes patients and controls. The SHBG SNP rs1799941 was associated with type 2 diabetes [odds ratio (OR) 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91, 0.97; P = 2 x 10(-5)], with the SHBG raising allele associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. This effect was very similar to that expected (OR 0.92, 95% CI: 0.88, 0.96), given the SHBG-SNP versus SHBG levels association (SHBG levels are 0.2 standard deviations higher per copy of the A allele) and the SHBG levels versus type 2 diabetes association (SHBG levels are 0.23 standard deviations lower in type 2 diabetic patients compared to controls). Results were very similar in men and women. There was no evidence that this variant is associated with diabetes-related intermediate traits, including several measures of insulin secretion and resistance. Our results, together with those from another recent genetic study, strengthen evidence that SHBG and sex hormones are involved in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes.

  10. The role of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in conversion of testosterone to 5 ?-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione in skin from suprapubic area of women. Part 1. In vitro study with skin sections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) on testosterone metabolism into 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione in skin sections from the suprapubic area women of reproductive age was investigated. The SHBG was obtained by precipitating plasma proteins of women in the third trimester of pregnancy with ammonium sulphate. Steroids were isolated from the incubation medium by extraction with acetone and reextraction with ether and purified using column chromatography on aluminum oxide, thin layer chromatography (TLC) on silica gel and following formation of acetyl derivatives the thin layer chromatography on silica gel was again carried out. Individual recovery of androstenedione was calculated using radioisotope and the recovery of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone was determined with gas chromatography. Mean value of identified 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone in the presence of inactive globulin was 52.77 fg/mg, whereas following the addition of active globulin the value decreased to 19.62 fg/mg. Mean value of identified androstenedione in preparations with inactive globulin (62.97 fg/mg), in the presence of active globulin was also reduced to 18.15 fg/mg. (author)

  11. Níveis séricos de globulinas e a intensidade da fibrose hepática em pacientes com esquistossomose mansônica / Serum globulin levels and intensity of hepatic fibrosis in patients with mansonic schistosomiasis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Henrique S. T., Correia; Ana Lucia C., Domingues; Edmundo P. A., Lopes; Clarice N. L., Morais; Camila, Sarteschi; Izolda M. F., Moura.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Tem sido descrita correlação entre os níveis séricos de globulinas e o grau de fibrose hepática nas hepatites crônicas, mas não se encontram relatos na esquistossomose mansônica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os níveis séricos de globulinas e de IgG, e a intensidade da fibrose periportal mensurada pel [...] a ultrassonografia em pacientes com esquistossomose mansônica. MÉTODOS: Entre novembro de 2006 e fevereiro de 2007, foram estudados 41 pacientes que preencheram ficha clínica e realizaram dosagens de IgG por imunoturbidimetria e de globulinas indiretamente pelo método do biureto. A ultrassonografia foi realizada por um único pesquisador, seguindo os protocolos do Cairo e de Niamey. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi 41 anos, sendo 25 pacientes (61%) do sexo feminino. Dez dos 41 pacientes (24%) apresentaram elevação dos níveis séricos de globulinas e 21 (51%) dos de IgG. Conforme a classificação do Cairo, 21 pacientes apresentaram grau I de fibrose, 18 grau II e 2 grau III, e pela classificação de Niamey 8 apresentavam padrão C, 20 D e 13 E. Aqueles com graus II ou III de fibrose tiveram maiores níveis de IgG do que os de grau I (P = 0,047), assim como aqueles que apresentaram padrões D e E em relação ao C (P = 0,011). Não houve associação entre os níveis de globulinas e o grau ou padrão de fibrose. CONCLUSÃO: Em pacientes com esquistossomose mansônica, observou-se elevação dos níveis séricos de IgG de acordo com a progressão do grau e do padrão de fibrose periportal, mas o mesmo não se observou com os níveis de globulinas. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: A correlation between the levels of serum globulins and the hepatic fibrosis degree in chronic hepatitis was described, but reports in schistosomiasis mansoni have not been found. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serum globulins and IgG levels, and periportal fibrosis intensity measured by ult [...] rasound in patients with schistosomiasis mansoni. METHODS: Between November, 2006 and February 2007, 41 patients which were eligible, filled them a questionnaire and had their levels of serum IgG measured by immunoturbidimetry and globulins indirectly measured by the Biuret method. The ultrasound was carried out by a single researcher, according to the Cairo and Niamey protocols. RESULTS: The average age was 41 years old and 25 female patients (61%). Ten patients (24%) from 41 showed serum globulins levels raised and 21 (51%) presented elevated IgG levels. According to the Cairo classification, 21 patients showed grade I of fibrosis, 18 grade II and 2 grade III; and by the Niamey classification 8 showed standard C, 20 D, and 13 E. Those with grade II or III of fibrosis had higher IgG levels than the ones with grade I (P = 0,047), as well as those who showed standards D and E as compared to C (P = 0,011). There was no association between the globulins levels and the intensity of fibrosis. CONCLUSION: In patients with schistosomiasis mansoni, an increase of the IgG serum levels was observed according to the progression from periportal fibrosis intensity, but the same was not founded with globulins levels.

  12. 14C-labeled pulegone and metabolites binding to alpha2u-globulin in kidneys of male F-344 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Ling-Jen Chen; Lebetkin, Edward H; Lih, Fred B; Tomer, Kenneth B; Parkinson, Horace D; Borghoff, Susan J; Burka, Leo T

    2007-09-01

    Pulegone is a major constituent of pennyroyal oil and a minor component of peppermint oil. Pulegone is biotransformed to menthofuran and menthones (diastereomeric menthone and isomenthone) in pennyroyal and peppermint as well as in rodents. Pulegone and menthofuran are hepatotoxic to rodents, and menthones are less toxic. The metabolism and disposition of pulegone and menthofuran were previously studied in rodents, and higher concentrations of pulegone- and menthofuran-derived radioactivity were observed in male than female rat kidney. One explanation is the association of pulegone and metabolites with a male rat-specific protein, alpha2u-globulin. To test this hypothesis, male and female rats were dosed orally with 14C-labeled pulegone (80 mg/kg, 120 microCi/kg) or menthofuran (60 mg/kg, 120 microCi/kg) or menthones (80 mg/kg, 120 microCi/kg) in corn oil, and the kidney cytosol was prepared 24 h after dosing. An equilibrium dialysis experiment showed that in all three studies the radioactivity was associated with kidney cytosol proteins of male but not female rats. The chemicals present in the male rat kidney cytosol after dialysis were extracted with dichloromethane and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS). All parent compounds were detected, and the metabolites characterized included piperitone from pulegone or menthones treatment, menthones and possibly 8-hydroxymenthones from pulegone treatment, and mintlactones (diastereomeric mintlactone and isomintlactone) and 7a-hydroxymintlactone from menthofuran treatment. Analysis of the male rat kidney cytosol by a gel filtration column demonstrated that the retention was due to reversible binding of these chemicals with the male rat-specific protein alpha2u-globulin. However, binding of pulegone and/or metabolites to alpha2u-globulin did not produce accumulation of this protein in the kidney. PMID:17687727

  13. Sensitization with 7S Globulins from Peanut, Hazelnut, Soy or Pea Induces IgE with Different Biological Activities Which Are Modified by Soy Tolerance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kroghsbo, Stine; BØgh, Katrine Lindholm

    2011-01-01

    Background: It is not known why some foods sensitizing via the gastrointestinal tract are prevalent allergenic foods and others are not. Eating habits, processing, and the food matrix have been suggested to influence the allergenicity of a given food. Factors related to protein structure, such as stability to digestion, have also been suggested. 7S globulins from peanut, hazelnut, soy, and pea were studied to determine whether related proteins would induce a similar sensitization when removed from their ‘normal’ matrix. Methods: Brown Norway rats (soy tolerant or nontolerant) were immunized i.p. 3 times with 100 ?g purified peanut, hazelnut, soy, or pea 7S without adjuvant. Sera were analyzed for specific antibodies by different ELISAs (IgG1, IgG2a, and IgE), inhibition ELISA, and rat basophilic leukemia cell assay. Results: The 4 related 7S globulins induced a response with an almost identical level of specific antibodies, but peanut 7S induced IgE of higher avidity than hazelnut and pea 7S which, again, hada higher avidity than IgE induced by soy 7S. Soy tolerance reduced the functionality of IgE without influencing antibody titers. Conclusions: Although the 4 7S globulins are structurally related allergens, they induce antibodies with different antigen-binding characteristics. Peanut 7S induces IgE of a higher avidity than hazelnut and pea 7S which, again, has a higher avidity than IgE induced by soy 7S. We also show that soy tolerance influences the function of antibodies to peanut 7S. These findings may help explain how antibodies of different clinical significances can develop in different individuals sensitized to the same allergen.Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

  14. High Fatality Rate of Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder Occurring after Bone Marrow Transplantation with Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin Conditioning Regimens

    OpenAIRE

    Peres, E.; Savasan, S; Klein, J.(Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany); Abidi, M.; Dansey, R.; Abella, E.

    2005-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (EBV-LPD) following bone marrow transplantation can be fatal. The major risk factors for the development of EBV-LPD are ex vivo T-cell depletion or in vivo T-cell depletion with either antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or monoclonal anti-T-cell antibodies. Between March 1999 and January 2001, a total of 23 transplants with ATG of equine source (20 transplants) and ATG of rabbit source (3 transplants) used as part of the preparatory r...

  15. A method for the preparation of human thyroxine-binding globulin; its importance in the establishment of an accurate and specific radioimmunoassay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pure thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is required in radioimmunoassay to prepare monospecific antisera, [125I]TBG and as primary standard. Homogeneous TBG was prepared by a three-stage affinity chromatography procedure; it could not be dissociated into subunits and its molecular weight by SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was 59 000. The amino acid composition was in agreement with two earlier reports. The secondary structure determined by circular dichroism in the far U.V. showed it to contain 24% each of ?-helix and ?-pleated sheet. Serum TBG was determined by a 24-h radioimmunoassay using polyethyleneglycol to separate bound and free TBG. (Auth.)

  16. Dietary ?-Tocopherol and Linoleic Acid, Serum Insulin, and Waist Circumference Predict Circulating Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin in Premenopausal Women1–4

    OpenAIRE

    Nayeem, Fatima; Nagamani, Manubai; Anderson, Karl E; Huang, Yafei; Grady, James J; Lu, Lee-Jane W.

    2009-01-01

    Reduced levels of circulating sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) are implicated in the etiology of sex steroid-related pathologies and the metabolic syndrome. Dietary correlates of serum SHBG remain unclear and were studied in a convenient cross-sectional sample of healthy 30- to 40-y-old women (n = 255). By univariate analyses, serum SHBG correlated negatively with several indices of the metabolic syndrome, such as BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference (r = ?0.36 to ?0.44; P < 0.0001)...

  17. INDUCTION OF PROTEIN DROPLET (ALPHA(2-MU)-GLOBULIN) NEPHROPATHY IN MALE-RATS AFTER SHORT-TERM DOSAGE WITH 1,8-CINEOLE AND L-LIMONENE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, E.; Madsen, Charlotte Bernhard

    1995-01-01

    As part of a series of short-term studies on peppermint oil constituents for their possible induction of the encephalopathy found with peppermint oil, 1,8-cineole and l-limonene were studied. Groups of 10 male Wistar rats were given 0, 500, or 1000 mg 1,8-cineole/kg body wt./day or 0, 800, or 1600 mg l-limonene/kg body wt./day for 2& days. 1,8-Cineole and l-limonene both induced accumulation of protein droplets containing alpha(2 mu)-globulin in proximal tubular epithelial cells in male rats. Th...

  18. Langerhans cell histiocytosis in an adult with involvement of the calvarium, cerebral cortex and brainstem: discussion of pathophysiology and rationale for the use of intravenous immune globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dardis, Christopher; Aung, Thandar; Shapiro, William; Fortune, John; Coons, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a 64-year-old male who presented with symptoms and signs of brain involvement, including seizures and hypopituitarism. The diagnosis was confirmed with a biopsy of a lytic skull lesion. The disease affecting the bone showed no sign of progression following a short course of cladribine. Signs of temporal lobe involvement led to an additional biopsy, which showed signs of nonspecific neurodegeneration and which triggered status epilepticus. Lesions noted in the brainstem were typical for the paraneoplastic inflammation reported in this condition. These lesions improved after treatment with cladribine. They remained stable while on treatment with intravenous immune globulin. PMID:25873887

  19. Use of sodium salicylate as a blocking agent for cortisol-binding-globulin in a radioimmunoassay for cortisol on unextracted plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes investigations into the use of sodium salicylate as a cortisol-binding-globulin blocking agent and the subsequent development of a radioimmunoassay for cortisol on unextracted plasma. Cortisol antiserum was raised against a cortisol 3-0-(carboxy-methyl) oxime-bovine serum albumin conjugate. A 125I-labelled cortisol-tyrosine methyl ester conjugate was also prepared for use in the assay. The radioimmunoassay developed involved no pre-treatment or extraction of the samples before analysis and was extremely simple to perform. Comparison with another radioimmunoassay for cortisol and with the Mattingly fluorimetric assay gave good correlation. (author)

  20. Energy Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-09-30

    Energy storage technology is critical if the U.S. is to achieve more than 25% penetration of renewable electrical energy, given the intermittency of wind and solar. Energy density is a critical parameter in the economic viability of any energy storage system with liquid fuels being 10 to 100 times better than batteries. However, the economical conversion of electricity to fuel still presents significant technical challenges. This project addressed these challenges by focusing on a specific approach: efficient processes to convert electricity, water and nitrogen to ammonia. Ammonia has many attributes that make it the ideal energy storage compound. The feed stocks are plentiful, ammonia is easily liquefied and routinely stored in large volumes in cheap containers, and it has exceptional energy density for grid scale electrical energy storage. Ammonia can be oxidized efficiently in fuel cells or advanced Carnot cycle engines yielding water and nitrogen as end products. Because of the high energy density and low reactivity of ammonia, the capital cost for grid storage will be lower than any other storage application. This project developed the theoretical foundations of N2 catalysis on specific catalysts and provided for the first time experimental evidence for activation of Mo 2N based catalysts. Theory also revealed that the N atom adsorbed in the bridging position between two metal atoms is the critical step for catalysis. Simple electrochemical ammonia production reactors were designed and built in this project using two novel electrolyte systems. The first one demonstrated the use of ionic liquid electrolytes at room temperature and the second the use of pyrophosphate based electrolytes at intermediate temperatures (200 – 300 ºC). The mechanism of high proton conduction in the pyrophosphate materials was found to be associated with a polyphosphate second phase contrary to literature claims and ammonia production rates as high as 5X 10-8 mol/s/cm2 were achieved.

  1. Hydrogen storage:

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, C. J.; Sloan, E.D.

    2005-01-01

    The invention relates to the storage of hydrogen. The invention relates especially to storing hydrogen in a clathrate hydrate. The clathrate hydrate according to the present invention originates from a composition, which comprises water and hydrogen, as well as a promotor compound. The promotor compound provides a large reduction of the pressure needed and/or an increase of the temperature needed to form a clathrate hydrate. Also, the desorption of hydrogen gas from the clathrate hydrate is e...

  2. Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

    2014-11-25

    A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material, such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

  3. Battery storage

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    César A.C., Sequeira; Mário R., Pedro.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As baterias alcalinas, as de matérias activas exteriores, as de sódio e as de lítio constituem uma forma excelente para o armazenamento de energia química e podemos encará-las como muito promissoras para aplicações de armazenamento de energia em larga escala. Este artigo inclui alguns comentários pe [...] rtinentes sobre estes sistemas recarregáveis, na sua actual fase de investigação e desenvolvimento. Abstract in english This paper focuses on four generic types of secondary battery - Alkaline batteries, Flow batteries, Sodium batteries, and Lithium batteries - that hold most promise for the storage of energy. [...

  4. Hybrid Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micheloni, R.; Crippa, L.; Picca, M.

    In recent years, both industry and academia have increased their research effort in the hybrid memory management space, developing a wide variety of systems. It is worth mentioning that "hybrid" is a generic term and it can have different meanings depending on the context. For instance, a storage system can be hybrid because it combines HDD and SSD; an SSD can be hybrid because it combines SLC and MLC Flash memories, or it combines different non-volatile memories like NAND and ReRAM. In this chapter we look at all these different meanings.

  5. Effect of triiodothyronine (L-T/sub 3/) and weight loss on sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in hirsute obese women

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavaliere, H.; Medeiros Neto, G.A. (Sao Paulo Univ. (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina)

    1984-06-01

    The effect of a 60-day period of treatment with L-T/sub 3/ (200 ..mu..g/day) was evaluated in hirsute obese women and normal controls. The obese patients were also submitted to a low calorie high protein diet. Mean initial weight significantly declined with a significant lowering of the mean DHEA-S level. There were changes in serum T/sub 3/ which rose in both obese and normal patients. Serum sex-hormone binding globulin levels at baseline studies were significantly higher in normal controls than in obese patients. At the end of the 60-day period of L-T/sub 3/ administration it was observed in both groups a 2-4 fold increase in serum SHBG levels but normal controls had significantly higher mean values than obese individuals.

  6. Association of the pituitary-testicular axis function and sex hormone-binding globulin with melatonin secretion in morbidly obese men

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A possible relationship between melatonin (MEL) secretion and pituitary-testicular function as well as the circadian rhythmicity of serum MEL, lutropin (LH), folitropin (FSH), estradiol (E2), total testosterone (T) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were evaluated in 16 men with the primary obesity (body mass index - BMI > 43 kg/m2; waist-to-hip circumference ratio - WHR > 1.0) and in 17 healthy volunteers with normal body weight. The mean 24-h MEL level was significantly higher in obese patients than in healthy control individuals. Moreover, all obese men showed some abnormalities of MEL circadian pattern such as decreased ratio between day and night MEL levels, abnormal secretory peaks during the light hours and lower interindividual variability for timing amplitude. Abnormal circadian variations of MEL were associated with reduced 24-h mean values of LH, FSH, T and SHBG, whereas E2 levels were elevated. (author). 49 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs

  7. The effect of triiodothyronine (L-T3) and weight loss on sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in hirsute obese women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of a 60-day period of treatment with L-T3 (200 ?g/day) was evaluated in hirsute obese women and normal controls. The obese patients were also submitted to a low calorie high protein. Mean initial weight significantly declined with a significant lowering of the mean DHEA-S leves. There was changes in serum T3 rose in both obese and normal patients. Serum sex-hormone binding globulin levels at baseline studies were significantly higher in normal controls than in obese patients. At the end of de 60-day period of L-T3 administration it was observed in both groups a 2-4 fold increase in serum SHBG levels but normal controls had significantly higher mean values than obese individuals. (M.A.C.)

  8. Porcine antilymphocyte globulin (p-ALG) plus cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment in acquired severe aplastic anemia: a retrospective multicenter analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jia; Huang, Zhiping; Guo, Jingming; Zhang, Youshan; Wang, Chunyan; Zhu, Xianmin; Zhang, Yicheng

    2015-06-01

    Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a life-threatening bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is the drug of choice for immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in patients with SAA ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of porcine antilymphocyte globulin (p-ALG) plus CsA in the treatment of acquired SAA. Clinical information of 69 SAA patients treated with p-ALG plus CsA was collected and retrospectively analyzed for early mortality, response rate, survival rate, side effects, and other complications. The median age at diagnosis was 27 years (range 14 to 52). The overall response rate was 76.8 % with a 90-day median response time (range 30?~?360 days). Overall response rates at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months were 63.8, 73.9, 76.8, 75.4, and 75.4 %, respectively. The median follow-up time for surviving patients was 24 months (range 4?~?44 months) and the 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was 88.4 %. The disease-free survival (DFS) rate at 2 years was 85.5 %. Older age (?45 years), very (v)SAA subgroup, and lower baseline absolute lymphocyte count (therapy, but symptoms could easily be relieved by steroid treatment; 27.54 % had mild hepatic impairment. Taken together, p-ALG showed similar efficacy and safety profiles to rabbit or horse ATG in IST of acquired SAA. It can be a suitable alternative preparation for rabbit ATG with the great advantage of lower medical expenses. PMID:25666078

  9. T-cell-replete haploidentical HSCT with low-dose anti-T-lymphocyte globulin compared with matched sibling HSCT and unrelated HSCT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yi; Xiao, Haowen; Lai, Xiaoyu; Shi, Jimin; Tan, Yamin; He, Jingsong; Xie, Wanzhuo; Zheng, Weiyan; Zhu, Yuanyuan; Ye, Xiujin; Yu, Xiaohong; Cai, Zhen; Lin, Maofang; Huang, He

    2014-10-23

    We developed an approach of T-cell-replete haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with low-dose anti-T-lymphocyte globulin and prospectively compared outcomes of all contemporaneous T-cell-replete HSCT performed at our center using matched sibling donors (MSDs), unrelated donors (URDs), and haploidentical related donors (HRDs). From 2008 to 2013, 90 patients underwent MSD-HSCT, 116 underwent URD-HSCT, and 99 underwent HRD-HSCT. HRDs were associated with higher incidences of grades 2 to 4 (42.4%) and severe acute graft-versus-host disease (17.2%) and nonrelapse mortality (30.5%), compared with MSDs (15.6%, 5.6%, and 4.7%, respectively; P leukemia effect was observed in HRD-HSCT, with 5-year relapse rates of 15.4% in HRD-HSCT, 28.2% in URD-HSCT (P = .07), and 49.9% in MSD-HSCT (P = .002). Furthermore, 5-year disease-free survival rates were not significantly different for patients undergoing transplantation using 3 types of donors, with 63.6%, 58.4%, and 58.3% for MSD, URD, and HRD transplantation, respectively (P = .574). Our data indicate that outcomes after HSCT from suitably matched URDs and HRDs with low-dose anti-T-lymphocyte globulin are similar and that HRD improves outcomes of patients with high-risk leukemia. This trial was registered at www.chictr.org (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry) as #ChiCTR-OCH-12002490. PMID:25214441

  10. Biomarker for Glycogen Storage Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    Fructose Metabolism, Inborn Errors; Glycogen Storage Disease; Glycogen Storage Disease Type I; Glycogen Storage Disease Type II; Glycogen Storage Disease Type III; Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV; Glycogen Storage Disease Type V; Glycogen Storage Disease Type VI; Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII; Glycogen Storage Disease Type VIII

  11. Storage Pool Deficiencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Library Find a Treatment Centre Haemophilia Journal About Bleeding Disorders Bleeding Disorders The Clotting Process Drugs That Can Cause Bleeding ... Syndrome Glanzmann Thrombasthenia Storage Pool Deficiencies Home About Bleeding Disorders Storage pool deficiencies What are storage pool deficiencies? ...

  12. Seasonal thermal energy storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

    1984-05-01

    This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

  13. Lipid Storage Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Career Awards Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS Lipid Storage Diseases Fact Sheet See a list of ... Where can I get more information? What are lipid storage diseases? Lipid storage diseases, or the lipidoses , ...

  14. Globulina beta do líquido cefalorraqueano no prognóstico de processos inflamatórios do sistema nervoso central / The beta-globulin content of the cerebrospinal fluid and the evaluation of the prognosis in inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Spina-França.

    1964-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi feita avaliação do comportamento da globulina beta do LCR em processos inflamatórios do SNC e/ou de seus envoltórios no sentido de verificar até que ponto podem ser úteis para o prognóstico as informações obtidas. Essa avaliação foi baseada no fato de a concentração dessa globulina no LCR estar [...] relacionada ao metabolismo do parênquima nervoso, aumentando em condições que acarretem seu sofrimento. Os proteinogramas do LCR de 45 pacientes com processos inflamatórios do SNC e/ou de seus envoltórios, distribuídos em 6 grupos de casos, foram analisados segundo a possibilidade de o processo inflamatório estar acarretando, ou não, sofrimento do parênquima encefálico. A análise dos resultados mostrou que o estudo da concentração da globulina beta no LCR fornece elementos que permitem avaliar o comprometimento do parênquima encefálico nessas condições, aduzindo dados úteis para a avaliação prognóstica. A intensidade do aumento da concentração dessa globulina no LCR era maior do que a do aumento da concentração de albumina nos casos em que o processo inflamatório determinava comprometimento do parênquima encefálico. Abstract in english The CSF proteins of 45 patients with inflammatory diseases of the CNS were studied in order to evaluate the information that the beta-globulin content may bring about the occurrence of involvement of brain tissue. The material was distributed in 6 groups according to the diagnosis of the cases: 10 p [...] atients had spinal cord and/or radicular inflammatory disease, associated or not with leptomeningeal involvement (group 1); 5 had acute leptomeningitis (group 2); in 5 the diagnosis of tuberculous meningo-encephalitis was made (group 3); in 10, of cysticercosis of the CNS (group 4); in 5, of neurosyphilis (group 5); in 10, of encephalitides (group 6). Total protein content was determined by the turbidimetric method of the trichloroacetic acid. The protein fractions were analyzed through paper strip electrophoresis. The results were evaluated in respect to normal values previously reported. The high gamma-globulin content of the CSF in inflammatory processes of the CNS hinders the evaluation of the changes occurring in the content of the other globulins; the interference of such factor is more marked when the inflammatory process is chronic. In such conditions the evaluation of the content of the other globulin fractions is better achieved by comparison with the albumin content, the values reported for each globulin being statistically compared to those obtained for the albumin fraction. By this procedure it was shown that in all 45 cases changes in the alpha-globulin content were not different from that found for the albumin fraction and it was concluded that these data bring no evidences indicating interference of other factors than those related to the blood-CSF barrier for the explanation of the changes in the alpha-globulins content of the samples studied. Significant differences were found in respect to beta and gamma globulins. The changes found in the gamma-globulin support the possibility that the increase of this globulin is conditioned by the local production. Data concerning to beta-globulin in the cases of groups 5 and 6 showed that the increases in the amount of this globulin were more marked than those observed for the albumin. This difference was statistically significant. It brings evidence of participation of a different factor in the explanation of the finding other than those accepted for the albumin fraction. The discussion on the nature of this factor supports the possibility of its relation to the changes in the protein metabolism of the brain, since the damage of the latter was present in the cases of these groups of patients. These data are in agreement to the findings on the changes registered in the content of this globulin in the CSF in degenerative diseases as it is reported in the literature. The changes in the beta-globulin content of the CSF which are more marked than those found in the albumin con

  15. Sex hormone binding globulin decrease as potential pathogenetic factor for hirsutism in adolescent girls / Disminución de la globulina transportadora de hormonas sexuales como factor patogénico de hirsutismo en la adolescencia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Graciela, Cross; Karina, Danilowics; Martha, Kral; Anne, Caufriez; Georges, Copinschi; Oscar D., Bruno.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Se investigaron 252 mujeres con peso normal, de 13 a 39 años de edad, para evaluar si un descenso exagerado en los niveles de la globulina transportadora de hormonas sexuales ("sex hormone binding globulin"; SHBG) puede tener un rol en el desarrollo de hirsutismo. Este signo fue evaluado con la esca [...] la de Ferriman y Gallwey (FG), empleando un criterio riguroso de normalidad 4) y controles (FG Abstract in english We investigated 252 non-obese female subjects aged 13-39 years to evaluate if an exaggerated descent of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels during adolescence can play a role in the development of hirsutism. Body hair was assessed according to Ferriman and Gallwey (FG), with a stringent crite [...] rion of normality of 4) and controls (FG

  16. Functional characterization of acetylated Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa HBK kernel globulin Caracterizaçao funcional das globulinas de amêndoa de castanha-do-Pará após a acetilação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cíntia Maria Pinto Ramos

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Defatted Brazil nut kernel flour, a rich source of high quality proteins, is presently being utilized in the formulation of animal feeds. One of the possible ways to improve its utilization for human consumption is through improvement in its functional properties. In the present study, changes in some of the functional properties of Brazil nut kernel globulin were evaluated after acetylation at 58.6, 66.2 and 75.3% levels. The solubility of acetylated globulin was improved above pH 6.0 but was reduced in the pH range of 3.0-4.0. Water and oil absorption capacity, as well as the viscosity increased with increase in the level of acetylation. Level of modification also influenced the emulsifying capacity: decreased at pH 3.0, but increased at pH 7.0 and 9.0. Highest emulsion activity (approximately 62.2% was observed at pH 3.0 followed by pH 9.0 and pH 7.0 and least (about 11.8% at pH 5.0. Emulsion stability also followed similar behavior as that of emulsion activity.Farinha desengordurada de amêndoa de castanha-do-Pará, fonte rica de proteína de alta qualidade, vem sendo, atualmente, aproveitada apenas na formulação de ração animal. Uma das possíveis maneiras de melhorar seu aproveitamento para o consumo humano é através do melhoramento de suas propriedades funcionais. No presente trabalho, mudanças em algumas propriedades funcionais da globulina de castanha-do-Pará, após acetilação, aos níveis de 58,6, 66,2 e 75,3% foram estudadas. A solubilidade da globulina acetilada aumentou acima de pH 6,0, porém diminuiu na faixa de pH 3,0 a 4,0. As capacidades de absorção de água e de óleo como também a viscosidade, melhoraram com o aumento de grau de acetilação. O grau de modificação também influenciou a capacidade de emulsificação: reduziu em pH 3,0, e aumentou nos pHs 7,0 e 9,0. A máxima atividade de emulsão (aproximadamente 62,2% foi observada em pH 3,0 seguida de pH 9,0 e a mínima foi observada (11,8% em pH 5,0. A estabilidade de emulsão também apresentou o comportamento similar à atividade de emulsão.

  17. Functional characterization of acetylated Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa HBK) kernel globulin / Caracterizaçao funcional das globulinas de amêndoa de castanha-do-Pará após a acetilação

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cíntia Maria Pinto, Ramos; Pushkar Singh, Bora.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Farinha desengordurada de amêndoa de castanha-do-Pará, fonte rica de proteína de alta qualidade, vem sendo, atualmente, aproveitada apenas na formulação de ração animal. Uma das possíveis maneiras de melhorar seu aproveitamento para o consumo humano é através do melhoramento de suas propriedades fun [...] cionais. No presente trabalho, mudanças em algumas propriedades funcionais da globulina de castanha-do-Pará, após acetilação, aos níveis de 58,6, 66,2 e 75,3% foram estudadas. A solubilidade da globulina acetilada aumentou acima de pH 6,0, porém diminuiu na faixa de pH 3,0 a 4,0. As capacidades de absorção de água e de óleo como também a viscosidade, melhoraram com o aumento de grau de acetilação. O grau de modificação também influenciou a capacidade de emulsificação: reduziu em pH 3,0, e aumentou nos pHs 7,0 e 9,0. A máxima atividade de emulsão (aproximadamente 62,2%) foi observada em pH 3,0 seguida de pH 9,0 e a mínima foi observada (11,8%) em pH 5,0. A estabilidade de emulsão também apresentou o comportamento similar à atividade de emulsão. Abstract in english Defatted Brazil nut kernel flour, a rich source of high quality proteins, is presently being utilized in the formulation of animal feeds. One of the possible ways to improve its utilization for human consumption is through improvement in its functional properties. In the present study, changes in so [...] me of the functional properties of Brazil nut kernel globulin were evaluated after acetylation at 58.6, 66.2 and 75.3% levels. The solubility of acetylated globulin was improved above pH 6.0 but was reduced in the pH range of 3.0-4.0. Water and oil absorption capacity, as well as the viscosity increased with increase in the level of acetylation. Level of modification also influenced the emulsifying capacity: decreased at pH 3.0, but increased at pH 7.0 and 9.0. Highest emulsion activity (approximately 62.2%) was observed at pH 3.0 followed by pH 9.0 and pH 7.0 and least (about 11.8%) at pH 5.0. Emulsion stability also followed similar behavior as that of emulsion activity.

  18. Functional Implication of an Arg307Gly Substitution in Corticosteroid-Binding Globulin, a Candidate Gene for a Quantitative Trait Locus Associated With Cortisol Variability and Obesity in Pig

    OpenAIRE

    Guyonnet-Dupérat, Véronique; Geverink, Nicoline; Plastow, Graham S.; Evans, Gary; Ousova, Olga; Croisetière, Christian; Foury, Aline; Richard, Elodie; Mormède, Pierre; Moisan, Marie-Pierre

    2006-01-01

    We previously reported that corticosteroid-binding globulin gene (Cbg) may be the causal gene of a quantitative trait locus associated with cortisol levels, fat deposition, and muscle content in a pig intercross. Sequence analysis of parental animals allowed us to identify four amino-acid substitutions. Here we have examined if any of these single amino acid substitutions could be responsible for the difference in CBG binding and affinity for cortisol between the parental breeds, using in vit...

  19. The role of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in conversion of testosterone to 5 ?-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione in skin from suprapubic area of women. Part 2. In vitro study with skin homogenates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and of microsomal supernatant (cytosol) on 3H-testosterone transformation into 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone by skin microsomes of the suprapubic area of women in reproductive age was studied. Microsomal fractions were incubated with different forms of cytosol and with active and inactive globulin. Steroids, following isolation from the incubation material, were purified with the use of column and thin layer chromotographies. Individual recovery of identified androstenedione was calculated using radioisotopes, and the recovery of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone was determined with gas chromatography. The transformation of 3H-testosterone into 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione by skin microsomes in the presence of active globulin has become significantly reduced. Microsomal supernatant (cytosol) has not changed the quantity of identified 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, whereas the quantity of formed androstenedione has slightly decreased. The lack of cyprosterone influence on 5 alpha reductase activity and a slight decrease in 17-dehydrogenase activity in the skin microsomal fraction were found. (author)

  20. Ovarian cancer risk and common variation in the sex hormone-binding globulin gene: a population-based case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeager Meredith

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG is a carrier protein that modulates the bio-availability of serum sex steroid hormones, which may be involved in ovarian cancer. We evaluated whether common genetic variation in SHBG and its 3' neighbor ATP1B2, in linkage disequilibrium, is associated with the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods The study population included 264 women with ovarian carcinoma and 625 controls participating in a population-based case-control study in Poland. Five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in SHGB and five in ATP1B2 were selected to capture most common variation in this region. Results None of the SNPs evaluated was significantly associated with ovarian cancer risk, including the putative functional SNPs SHBG D356N (rs6259 and -67G>A 5'UTR (rs1799941. However, our data were consistent with a decreased ovarian cancer risk associated with the variant alleles for these two SNPs, which have been previously associated with increased circulating levels of SHBG. Conclusion These data do not support a substantial association between common genetic variation in SHBG and ovarian cancer risk.

  1. Anti-thymocyte globulin could improve the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with highly aggressive T-cell tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The early experiment result in our hospital showed that anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) inhibited the proliferation of lymphoid tumor cells in the T-cell tumors. We used the ATG as the part of the conditioning regimen and to evaluate the long-term anti-leukemia effect, the safety and complication in the patients with highly aggressive T-cell lymphomas. Twenty-three patients were enrolled into this study. At the time of transplant, six patients reached first or subsequent complete response, three patients had a partial remission and 14 patients had relapsed or primary refractory disease. The conditioning regimen consisted of ATG, total body irradiation, toposide and cyclophosphamide. The complete remission rate after transplant was 95.7%. At a median follow-up time of 25 months, 16 (69.6%) patients are alive and free from diseases, including nine patients in refractory and progressive disease. Seven patients died after transplant, five from relapse and two from treatment-related complications. The incidence of grades II–IV acute graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) was 39.1%. The maximum cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD was 30%. The most frequent and severe conditioning-related toxicities observed in 8 out of 23 patients were grades III/IV infections during cytopenia. Thus, ATG-based conditioning is a feasible and effective alternative for patients with highly aggressive T-cell tumors

  2. Influx of testosterone-binding globulin (TeBG) and TeBG-bound sex steroid hormones into rat testis and prostate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The availability of testosterone and estradiol to Sertoli and prostate cells is dependent upon 1) the permeability properties of the blood-tubular barrier (BTB) of the testis or prostate cell membrane, and 2) sex steroid binding to plasma proteins, such as albumin or testosterone-binding globulin (TeBG). Sex steroid influx into these tissues was studied after in vivo arterial bolus injections of [3H]testosterone or [3H]estradiol in anesthetized rats. Both testosterone and estradiol were readily cleared across the BTB or prostate cell membrane in the absence of plasma proteins and in the presence of human pregnancy serum, in which testosterone or estradiol are 80-95% distributed to TeBG. The extravascular extraction of [3H]TeBG across the BTB or prostate plasma membrane [73 +/- 2% (+/- SE) and 92 +/- 9%, respectively] was significantly greater than extraction of [3H]albumin or other plasma space markers and indicative of a rapid first pass clearance of TeBG by Sertoli or prostate cells. In summary, these studies indicate that 1) testosterone and estradiol are readily cleared by Sertoli and prostate cells; 2) albumin- and TeBG-bound sex steroids represent the major circulating pool of bioavailable hormone for testis or prostate; and 3) the TeBG-sex steroid complex may be nearly completely available for influx through the BTB or prostate plasma membrane

  3. Association of the pituitary-testicular axis function and sex hormone-binding globulin with melatonin secretion in morbidly obese men

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostrowska, Z.; Buntner, B.; Marek, B.; Zwirska-Korczala, K. [Slaska Akademia Medyczna, Katowice (Poland)

    1995-12-31

    A possible relationship between melatonin (MEL) secretion and pituitary-testicular function as well as the circadian rhythmicity of serum MEL, lutropin (LH), folitropin (FSH), estradiol (E{sub 2}), total testosterone (T) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were evaluated in 16 men with the primary obesity (body mass index - BMI > 43 kg/m{sup 2}; waist-to-hip circumference ratio - WHR > 1.0) and in 17 healthy volunteers with normal body weight. The mean 24-h MEL level was significantly higher in obese patients than in healthy control individuals. Moreover, all obese men showed some abnormalities of MEL circadian pattern such as decreased ratio between day and night MEL levels, abnormal secretory peaks during the light hours and lower interindividual variability for timing amplitude. Abnormal circadian variations of MEL were associated with reduced 24-h mean values of LH, FSH, T and SHBG, whereas E{sub 2} levels were elevated. (author). 49 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs.

  4. Elevation of corticosteroid-binding globulin in Obese strain (OS) chickens: possible implications for the disturbed immunoregulation and the development of spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basal plasma levels of corticosterone and corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) have been investigated in Obese strain (OS) chickens afflicted with spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis (SAT). Corticosterone was determined radioimmunologically, and CBG by using a highly sensitive radioligand saturation assay. OS chickens displayed total corticosterone levels not different from healthy normal White Leghorn (NWL) chickens. CBG, however, was found to be twice as high in OS chickens as compared with their healthy counterparts, irrespective of sex or age. This quantitative difference in the CBG level is not compensated for by either altered affinity or specificity of the molecule. Furthermore, no differences were found in the response of OS and NWL lymphocytes to the suppressive effect of glucocorticoids in vitro. It was therefore assumed that OS animals are deficient in free, hormonally active corticosterone. An additional indication for such a diminished glucocorticoid tonus was that in vivo treatment of OS chickens with glucocorticoid hormones, thus increasing the free and active hormone fraction, normalizes the T cell hyperreactivity and significantly reduces thyroid infiltration. Possible pathophysiological implications of a diminished glucocorticoid tonus for spontaneous autoimmunity, as well as possible explanations for the beneficial effects of glucocorticoid treatment on the development of SAT, are discussed

  5. Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hammond, G.L.; Smith, C.L.; Goping, I.S.; Underhill, D.A.

    1987-08-01

    The authors have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. The results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (M/sub r/ 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH/sub 2/-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict that the mature protein is composed of 383 amino acids and is a polypeptide of M/sub r/ 42,646. A second, in-frame, 72-base-pair cistron of unknown significance exists between the TAA termination codon for CBG and a possible polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) located 16 nucleotides before the polyadenylylation site. The deduced amino acid sequence of mature CBG contains two cysteine residues and consensus sequences for the attachment of six possible N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The sequences of the human lung and liver CBG cDNAs differ by only one nucleotide within the proposed leader sequence,and they attribute this to a point mutation. No sequence homology was found between CBG and other steroid binding proteins, but there is a remarkable similarity between the amino acid sequences of CBG and of ..cap alpha../sub 1/-antitrypsin, and this extends to other members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily

  6. Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. The results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (M/sub r/ 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH2-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict that the mature protein is composed of 383 amino acids and is a polypeptide of M/sub r/ 42,646. A second, in-frame, 72-base-pair cistron of unknown significance exists between the TAA termination codon for CBG and a possible polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) located 16 nucleotides before the polyadenylylation site. The deduced amino acid sequence of mature CBG contains two cysteine residues and consensus sequences for the attachment of six possible N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The sequences of the human lung and liver CBG cDNAs differ by only one nucleotide within the proposed leader sequence,and they attribute this to a point mutation. No sequence homology was found between CBG and other steroid binding proteins, but there is a remarkable similarity between the amino acid sequences of CBG and of ?1-antitrypsin, and this extends to other members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily

  7. Assessment of genomic and species relationships in Triticum and Aegilops by PAGE and by differential staining of seed albumins and globulins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, K A; Kasarda, D D

    1978-11-01

    Endosperm protein components from common bread wheats (Triticum aestivum L.) and related species were extracted with aluminum lactate, pH 3.2, and examined by electrophoresis in the same buffer. Electrophoretic patterns of the albumins and globulins were compared to evaluate the possibility that a particular species might have contributed its genome to tetraploid or hexaploid wheat. Together with protein component mobilities, differential band staining with Coomassie Brilliant Blue R250 was employed to test the identity or non-identity of bands. Eight species and 63 accessions, representative of Triticum and Aegilops were tested. Considerable intraspecific variation was observed for patterns of diploid but not for tetraploid or hexaploid species. Patterns of some accessions of Triticum urartu agreed closely with major parts of the patterns of Triticum dicoccoides and T. aestivum. A fast-moving, green band was found in all accessions of T. urartu and of Triticum boeoticum, however, that was not found in those of T. dicoccoides or T. aestivum. This band was present in all accessions of Triticum araraticum and Triticum zhukovskyi. Patterns of Aegilops longissima, which has been suggested as the donor of the B genome, differed substantially from those of T. dicoccoides and T. aestivum. Finally, two marker proteins of intermediate mobility were also observed and may be used to discriminate between accessions of T. araraticum/T. zhukovskyi and those of T. dicoccoides/T. aestivum. PMID:24317663

  8. Analysis of Hormone-Protein Binding in Solution by Ultrafast Affinity Extraction: Interactions of Testosterone with Human Serum Albumin and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xiwei; Bi, Cong; Brooks, Marissa; Hage, David S

    2015-11-17

    Ultrafast affinity extraction was used to study hormone-protein interactions in solution, using testosterone and its transport proteins human serum albumin (HSA) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) as models. Both single column and two-dimensional systems based on HSA microcolumns were utilized to measure the free fraction of testosterone in hormone/protein mixtures at equilibrium or that were allowed to dissociate for various lengths of time. These data were used to determine the association equilibrium constants (Ka) or global affinities (nKa') and dissociation rate constants (kd) for testosterone with soluble HSA and SHBG. This method was also used to measure simultaneously the free fraction of testosterone and its equilibrium constants with both these proteins in physiological mixtures of these agents. The kd and Ka values obtained for HSA were 2.1-2.2 s(-1) and 3.2-3.5 × 10(4) M(-1) at pH 7.4 and 37 °C. The corresponding constants for SHBG were 0.053-0.058 s(-1) and 0.7-1.2 × 10(9) M(-1). All of these results gave good agreement with literature values, indicating that this approach could provide information on a wide range of rate constants and binding strengths for hormone-protein interactions in solution and at clinically relevant concentrations. The same method could be extended to alternative hormone-protein systems or other solutes and binding agents. PMID:26484387

  9. A phase I/II trial of reduced intensity allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant for hematologic malignancies using cladribine, thiotepa and rabbit antithymocyte globulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Jeremy T; Hogan, William J; Micallef, Ivana N; Dispenzieri, Angela; Gertz, Morie A; Inwards, David J; Tun, Han W; Roy, Vivek; Geyer, Susan M; Allred, Jacob B; Wu, Wenting; Ansell, Stephen M; Elliott, Michelle A; Tefferi, Ayalew; Porrata, Luis F; Gastineau, Dennis A; Lacy, Martha Q; Litzow, Mark R

    2013-08-01

    We conducted a phase I/II trial to assess the efficacy of cladribine, thiotepa and antithymocyte globulin as a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen for refractory or high-risk hematologic malignancy. The preparative regimen consisted of cladribine 5 mg/m(2)/day for 5 days, thiotepa 200 mg/m(2)/day for 3 days and ATG 3 mg/kg/day (day - 5) followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Twelve patients were transplanted from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched family member. Two patients were treated at dose level I but both experienced grade IV dose limiting toxicities, and therefore the thiotepa dose was reduced to 133 mg/m(2)/day (dose level II). Only two of the next six patients experienced dose limiting toxicities. Median age was 46 years. At dose level II, the median time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 17 and 20 days, respectively. The incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 40% and 30%, respectively. Day + 100 non-relapse mortality was 0% and at 1 year was 20%. Median overall survival (OS) was 42 months and 2-year OS was 70%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11 months and 2-year PFS was 40%. We conclude that the reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of cladribine, thiotepa and ATG achieved excellent donor chimerism with acceptable toxicity. PMID:23189958

  10. Ovarian cancer risk and common variation in the sex hormone-binding globulin gene: a population-based case-control study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a carrier protein that modulates the bio-availability of serum sex steroid hormones, which may be involved in ovarian cancer. We evaluated whether common genetic variation in SHBG and its 3' neighbor ATP1B2, in linkage disequilibrium, is associated with the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. The study population included 264 women with ovarian carcinoma and 625 controls participating in a population-based case-control study in Poland. Five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SHGB and five in ATP1B2 were selected to capture most common variation in this region. None of the SNPs evaluated was significantly associated with ovarian cancer risk, including the putative functional SNPs SHBG D356N (rs6259) and -67G>A 5'UTR (rs1799941). However, our data were consistent with a decreased ovarian cancer risk associated with the variant alleles for these two SNPs, which have been previously associated with increased circulating levels of SHBG. These data do not support a substantial association between common genetic variation in SHBG and ovarian cancer risk

  11. Complete thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) deficiency produced by a mutation in acceptor splice site causing frameshift and early termination of translation (TBG-Kankakee).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, G A; Weiss, R E; Refetoff, S

    1998-10-01

    Fourteen T4-binding globulin (TBG) variants have been identified at the gene level. They are all located in the coding region of the gene and 6 produce complete deficiency of TBG (TBG-CD). We now describe the first mutation in a noncoding region producing TBG-CD. The proband was treated for over 20 yr with L-T4 because of fatigue associated with a low concentration of serum total T4. Fifteen family members were studied showing low total T4 inherited as an X chromosome-linked trait, and affected males had undetectable TBG in serum. Sequencing of the entire coding region and promoter of the TBG gene revealed no abnormality. However, an A to G transition was found in the acceptor splice junction of intron II that produced a new HaeIII restriction site cosegregating with the TBG-CD phenotype. Sequencing exon 1 to exon 3 of TBG complementary DNA reverse transcribed from messenger RNA of skin fibroblasts from an affected male, confirmed a shift in the ag acceptor splice site. This results in the insertion of a G in exon 2 and causes a frameshift and a premature stop at codon 195. This early termination of translation predicts a truncated TBG lacking 201 amino acids. PMID:9768672

  12. Fuel storage systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donakowski, T.D.; Tison, R.R.

    1979-08-01

    Storage technologies are characterized for solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels. Emphasis is placed on storage methods applicable to Integrated Community Energy Systems based on coal. Items discussed here include standard practice, materials and energy losses, environmental effects, operating requirements, maintenance and reliability, and cost considerations. All storage systems were found to be well-developed and to represent mature technologies; an exception may exist for low-Btu gas storage, which could have materials incompatability.

  13. Pit Water Storage Ottrupgaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heller, Alfred

    2000-01-01

    The pit water storage, a seasonal thermal storage, was built in 1993 with floating lid and hybrid clay-polymer for pit lining. The storage was leaking severe and solutions were to be found. In the paper solutions for pit lining and floating lids are discussed, cost estimations given and coming projects sketched.

  14. Thermal energy storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The planning and implementation of activities associated with lead center management role and the technical accomplishments pertaining to high temperature thermal energy storage subsystems are described. Major elements reported are: (1) program definition and assessment; (2) research and technology development; (3) industrial storage applications; (4) solar thermal power storage applications; and (5) building heating and cooling applications.

  15. A Survey on Cloud Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Jiehui Ju; Jiyi Wu; Jianqing Fu; Zhijie Lin; Jianlin Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Cloud storage is a new concept come into being simultaneously with cloud computing, and can be divided into public cloud storage, private cloud storage and hybrid cloud storage. This article gives a quick introduction to cloud storage. It covers the key technologies in Cloud Computing and Cloud Storage. Google GFS massive data storage system and the popular open source Hadoop HDFS were detailed introduced to analyze the principle of Cloud Storage technology. As an important technology area an...

  16. Associations of sex hormone-binding globulin and testosterone with diabetes among men and women (the Saku Diabetes study: a case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goto Atsushi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG levels and sex hormones have been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. As fatty liver has been suggested to be a major determinant of SHBG levels, we examined whether the associations of SHBG and testosterone with diabetes were independent of fatty liver. Methods We conducted a case–control study that included 300 diabetes cases (215 men and 85 women and 300 matched controls from the Saku cohort study. Diabetes was defined by either fasting plasma glucose levels ?126 mg/dL, 2-h post-load glucose levels ?200 mg/dL after a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test, or diabetes diagnosed by physicians. We fitted conditional logistic regression models to examine the associations between SHBG and total testosterone levels with diabetes by sex. To evaluate the impact of fatty liver, we used the fatty liver index (FLI, a validated measure derived from serum triglyceride levels, body mass index (BMI, waist circumference, and ?-glutamyltransferase levels. Results After adjusting for age, family history of diabetes, smoking, physical activity, BMI, and FLI, SHBG levels were inversely associated with diabetes among women (odds ratio [OR] comparing the highest with the lowest quartiles, 0.13 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.02–0.96], but not among men. Similar patterns were observed in a subgroup analysis restricted to postmenopausal women"(OR, 0.12 [95% CI, 0.01–1.17]. In contrast, testosterone levels were inversely associated with diabetes among men (OR, 0.45 [95% CI, 0.23–0.89], but not among women. Conclusions Our findings suggest that SHBG in women and testosterone in men may be inversely associated with diabetes.

  17. Hazard evaluation of chemicals that cause accumulation of alpha 2u-globulin, hyaline droplet nephropathy, and tubule neoplasia in the kidneys of male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hard, G C; Rodgers, I S; Baetcke, K P; Richards, W L; McGaughy, R E; Valcovic, L R

    1993-03-01

    This review paper examines the relationship between chemicals inducing excessive accumulation of alpha 2u-globulin (alpha 2u-g) (CIGA) in hyaline droplets in male rat kidneys and the subsequent development of nephrotoxicity and renal tubule neoplasia in the male rat. This dose-responsive hyaline droplet accumulation distinguishes CIGA carcinogens from classical renal carcinogens. CIGA carcinogens also do not appear to react with DNA and are generally negative in short-term tests for genotoxicity, CIGA or their metabolites bind specifically, but reversibly, to male rat alpha 2u-g. The resulting complex appears to be more resistant to hydrolytic degradation in the proximal tubule than native, unbound alpha 2u-g. Single cell necrosis of the tubule epithelium, with associated granular cast formation and papillary mineralization, is followed by sustained regenerative tubule cell proliferation, foci of tubule hyperplasia in the convoluted proximal tubules, and renal tubule tumors. Although structurally similar proteins have been detected in other species, including humans, renal lesions characteristic of alpha 2u-g nephropathy have not been observed. Epidemiologic investigation has not specifically examined the CIGA hypothesis for humans. Based on cancer bioassays, hormone manipulation studies, investigations in an alpha 2u-g-deficient strain of rat, and other laboratory data, an increased proliferative response caused by chemically induced cytotoxicity appears to play a role in the development of renal tubule tumors in male rats. Thus, it is reasonable to suggest that the renal effects induced in male rats by chemicals causing alpha 2u-g accumulation are unlikely to occur in humans. PMID:7686485

  18. Low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin and hyperproinsulinemia as markers of increased pancreatic ß-cell demand in men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.F. Reis

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG are considered to be an indirect index of hyperinsulinemia, predicting the later onset of diabetes mellitus type 2. In the insulin resistance state and in the presence of an increased pancreatic ß-cell demand (e.g. obesity both absolute and relative increases in proinsulin secretion occur. In the present study we investigated the correlation between SHBG and pancreatic ß-cell secretion in men with different body compositions. Eighteen young men (30.0 ± 2.4 years with normal glucose tolerance and body mass indexes (BMI ranging from 22.6 to 43.2 kg/m2 were submitted to an oral glucose tolerance test (75 g and baseline and 120-min blood samples were used to determine insulin, proinsulin and C-peptide by specific immunoassays. Baseline SHBG values were significantly correlated with baseline insulin (r = -0.58, P28 kg/m2, N = 8 and nonobese (BMI £25 kg/m2, N = 10 groups, significantly lower levels of SHBG were found in the obese subjects. The obese group had significantly higher baseline proinsulin, C-peptide and 120-min proinsulin and insulin levels. For the first time using a specific assay for insulin determination, a strong inverse correlation between insulinemia and SHBG levels was confirmed. The finding of a strong negative correlation between SHBG levels and pancreatic ß-cell secretion, mainly for the 120-min post-glucose load proinsulin levels, reinforces the concept that low SHBG levels are a suitable marker of increased pancreatic ß-cell demand.

  19. Impact of Pre-Transplant Anti-T Cell Globulin (ATG) on Immune Recovery after Myeloablative Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servais, Sophie; Menten-Dedoyart, Catherine; Beguin, Yves; Seidel, Laurence; Gothot, André; Daulne, Coline; Willems, Evelyne; Delens, Loïc; Humblet-Baron, Stéphanie; Hannon, Muriel; Baron, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    Background Pre-transplant infusion of rabbit anti-T cell globulin (ATG) is increasingly used as prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). However, the precise impact of pre-transplant ATG on immune recovery after PBSCT is still poorly documented. Methods In the current study, we compared immune recovery after myeloablative PBSCT in 65 patients who either received (n = 37) or did not (n = 28) pre-transplant ATG-Fresenius (ATG-F). Detailed phenotypes of circulating T, B, natural killer (NK) and invariant NKT (iNKT) cells were analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry at serial time-points from day 40 to day 365 after transplantation. Thymic function was also assessed by sjTREC quantification. Serious infectious events were collected up to 2 years post-transplantation. Results Pre-transplant ATG-F had a prolonged (for at least up to 1-year) and selective negative impact on the T-cell pool, while it did not impair the recovery of B, NK nor iNKT cells. Among T cells, ATG-F selectively compromised the recovery of naïve CD4+, central memory CD4+ and naïve CD8+ cells, while it spared effector memory T and regulatory T cells. Levels of sjTRECs were similar in both cohorts at 1-year after PBSCT, suggesting that ATG-F unlikely impaired thymopoiesis at long-term after PBSCT. Finally, the incidence and rate of serious infections were similar in both groups, while ATG-F patients had a lower incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease. Conclusions Pre-transplant ATG-F induces long-lasting modulation of the circulating T-cell pool after myeloablative PBSCT, that may participate in preventing graft-versus-host disease without deeply compromising anti-pathogen defenses. PMID:26098781

  20. Sex hormone-binding globulin and androgen levels in immigrant and British-born premenopausal British Pakistani women: evidence of early life influences?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollard, Tessa M; Unwin, Nigel C; Fischbacher, Colin M; Chamley, Jagdip K

    2006-01-01

    In women, raised insulin levels are associated with low sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and high androgen levels, which are in turn linked to infertility. Since insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are major health problems for South Asians living in Western countries, we predicted that British Pakistani women would have low SHBG and raised androgen levels compared to European women. Given low birth weights in Pakistan, and known links between low birth weight and insulin resistance in later life, we also predicted that immigrant women born in Pakistan would have lower levels of SHBG and higher levels of androgens than British-born British Pakistani women. We assessed SHBG, testosterone, and the free androgen index (FAI) from a single serum sample taken on days 9-11 of the menstrual cycle from 20-40-year-old women living in the UK: 30 immigrants from Pakistan, 30 British-born British Pakistani women, and 25 British-born women of European origin. Age-adjusted analyses showed no significant differences in SHBG, testosterone, or FAI between British-born Pakistani and European-origin women. However, immigrant British Pakistani women had a significantly higher FAI than British-born British Pakistani women. Adjustment for body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, and smoking status did not affect these results, but further adjustment for height, a marker of early environment, reduced the P-value for the difference in FAI between immigrant and British-born British Pakistani women to below significance. It is possible that the poorer early environment of immigrant British Pakistani women was at least partially responsible for their relatively high levels of free androgens. PMID:17039471

  1. Serum levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) are not predictive of prostate cancer diagnosis and aggressiveness: results from an italian biopsy cohort

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cosimo, De Nunzio; Riccardo, Lombardo; Simone, Albisinni; Mauro, Gacci; Andrea, Tubaro.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose To explore the association between serum levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) and the risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high grade disease in men undergoing prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods Between 2006 and 2012, we prospectively enrolled 740 patients with [...] no history of PCa undergoing prostate biopsy. Before biopsy general data of the patient DRE, PSA and BMI were recorded. The risk of detecting cancer and high grade cancer was assessed as a function of SHBG using crude and adjusted logistic regressions. Results Serum levels of SHBG were not associated with an increased risk of PCa or high grade disease. Age (OR 1.027 95% CI 1.003-1.052 p = 0.027), DRE (OR 3.391 95% CI 2.258-5.092 p = 0.000) and PSA (OR 1.078 95% CI 1.037-1.120 p = 0.000) were found to be independent predictors of prostate cancer risk. Age (OR 1.051 95% CI 1.009-1.095 p = 0.016), DRE (OR 2.519 95% CI 1.384-4.584 p = 0.000), BMI (OR 1.098 95% CI 1.011-1.193 p = 0.027) and PSA (OR 1.074 95% CI 1.014-1.137 p = 0.015) were found to be independent predictors of high grade disease. Conclusions In our cohort of patients, serum levels of SHBG are not predictive of PCa or high grade disease. According to our experience SHBG should not be considered a biomarker in PCa diagnosis neither a marker for high grade disease.

  2. Comparison of long-term outcomes between children with aplastic anemia and refractory cytopenia of childhood who received immunosuppressive therapy with antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hama, Asahito; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki; Muramatsu, Hideki; Ito, Masafumi; Narita, Atsushi; Kosaka, Yoshiyuki; Tsuchida, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Ryoji; Ito, Etsuro; Yabe, Hiromasa; Ohga, Shouichi; Ohara, Akira; Kojima, Seiji

    2015-11-01

    The 2008 World Health Organization classification proposed a new entity in childhood myelodysplastic syndrome, refractory cytopenia of childhood. However, it is unclear whether this morphological classification reflects clinical outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed bone marrow morphology in 186 children (median age 8 years; range 1-16 years) who were enrolled in the prospective study and received horse antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine between July 1999 and November 2008. The median follow-up period was 87 months (range 1-146 months). Out of 186 patients, 62 (33%) were classified with aplastic anemia, 94 (49%) with refractory cytopenia of childhood, and 34 (18%) with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia. Aplastic anemia patients received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor more frequently and for longer durations than other patients (P<0.01). After six months, response rates to immunosuppressive therapy were not significantly different among the 3 groups. Acquisition of chromosomal abnormalities was observed in 5 patients with aplastic anemia, 4 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood, and 3 patients with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia. Although the cumulative incidence of total clonal evolution at ten years was not significantly different among the 3 groups, the cumulative incidence of monosomy 7 development was significantly higher in aplastic anemia than in the other groups (P=0.02). Multivariate analysis revealed that only granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration duration of 40 days or more was a significant risk factor for monosomy 7 development (P=0.02). These findings suggest that even the introduction of a strict morphological distinction from hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome cannot eradicate clonal evolution in children with aplastic anemia. PMID:26273061

  3. Cloud storage for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Linda; Loughlin, Tanya

    2010-01-01

    Understand cloud computing and save your organization time and money! Cloud computing is taking IT by storm, but what is it and what are the benefits to your organization? Hitachi Data Systems' Cloud Storage For Dummies provides all the answers, With this book, you discover a clear explanation of cloud storage, and tips for how to choose the right type of cloud storage for your organization's needs. You also find out how cloud storage can free up valuable IT resources, saving time and money. Cloud Storage For Dummies presents useful information on setting up a

  4. Fuel storage tank

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stationary fuel storage tank is immersed below the water level in the spent fuel storage pool. In it there is placed a fuel assembly within a cage. Moreover, the storage tank has got a water filling and a gas buffer. The water in the storage tank is connected with the pool water by means of a filter, a surge tank and a water purification facility, temperature and pressure monitoring being performed. In the buffer compartment there are arranged catalysts a glow plugs for recombination of radiolysis products into water. The supply of water into the storage tank is performed through the gas buffer compartment. (DG)

  5. Assessing storage adequacy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Government policy encourages the use of natural gas. It is expected that liquefied natural gas (LNG) and Arctic gas will make up 20 to 25 per cent of supply. This presentation provided an outlook of storage value based on a technical analysis by the National Petroleum Counsel (NPC) report. A moderately robust growth is expected in the residential and commercial load which may be partially offset by robust growth in electricity. The net result is an increase in storage requirements. It was concluded that there is a strong case for growth in storage demand but a lack of good sites for additional capacity. This will lead to higher storage values. The NPC sees the need for 1 Tcf more storage use by 2025, of which 700 Bcf will need to come from new storage. In particular, current storage levels may not be sufficient to meet a colder than normal winter, and deliverability is affected by field inventory. Most storage capacity was built before 1985, mostly by regulated entities. It is expected that only 250 to 400 Bcf will be added over the next 25 years in North America. If storage becomes scarce, prices will move to the marginal cost of new additions, and the upper limit on price will be determined by salt cavern storage. An increase of $1.00 in the price of leasing storage would add about $0.11 to the average price of consumed gas. tabs., figs

  6. Energy storage; Energiespeicher

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stenzel, Peter; Bongartz, Richard; Fleer, Johannes; Hennings, Wilfried; Linssen, Jochen [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Institut fuer Energie- und Klimaforschung - Systemforschung und Technologische Entwicklung (IEK-STE)

    2013-04-01

    Energy storage facilities are an important component in energy supply systems. Energy storage facilities are the state of the art in different fields of applications such as energy trading, emergency power supply or supply for individual suppliers. Energy storage facilities are supplied for decades. However, in conjunction with the energy policy turnaround, the structural transformation processes of the German energy system result in a changed role for energy storage facilities. This is particularly apparent on the one hand in an increasing demand for energy storage covering the total area of (ultra)short-time storages up to long-term storages. On the other hand, new fields of application appear. Modifications based on adapted regulatory framework conditions have to be considered for established fields of application. Stationary battery storages may play an important role in the future portfolio of storage facilities. In the last years, a wide dynamic of research activities is observed due to an increased number of pilot projects (such as battery storages for the allocation of service systems). Also a wide range of commercial products especially in the range of home energy storage in order to increase the own consumption of photovoltaic power is available on the market meanwhile.

  7. Pump storage. Requirements and comparsion with other storage technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruprecht, Albert [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery

    2015-05-01

    The use of renewable energy sources has strongly increased in recent years. Because of the high volatility of these sources, an appropriate energy storage capacity as well as the provision of fast and flexible regulating power is necessary. Both can be supplied by pump storage power plants. The pump storage situation is Germany is discussed. The demand of energy storage is roughly estimated and the status quo of pump storage in Germany is described. Pump storage is compared to other storage technologies (compressed air storage, mobile batteries, hydrogen storage and power-to-gas storage) in terms of efficiency, response time and costs.

  8. Physiological-biochemical parameters and characteristics of seed coat structure in lupin seeds subjected to long storage at different temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka I. Piotrowicz-Cie?lak

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Seed vigour, viability, the contents of soluble carbohydrates, total protein, albumins, and globulins, as well as seed coat structure, were analysed in yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L. cv. Iryd seeds stored for 20 years at -14oC, 0oC or at room temperature (approx. +20oC. Seed storage at room temperature reduced viability (to 2% and increased seed leachate electroconductivity. Determinations of total proteins showed that protein content was significantly reduced in seeds stored at +20oC compared to the other storage regimens. Raffinose family oligosaccharides were the main soluble carbohydrates in seeds stored at 0oC and -14oC, whereas sucrose dominated in seeds stored at room temperature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM of seed surface and seed coat sections revealed appearance of an amorphic layer on the surface of seeds stored at room temperature (not observed in other seeds and distinct shrinking of macrosclereid layer in seeds stored at -14oC. Macrosclereids layer in all seeds was 100 um thick and accounted for 60% of seed coat thickness. The obtained results suggest that for long term storage of lupin seeds at 0oC is the most advisable temperature if both costs of storage and seed storability are considered.

  9. Caracterização e hidrólise in vitro da globulina principal de grão-de-bico (Cicer arietinum L., var. IAC-Marrocos Characterization and in vitro tryptic hydrolysis of the major globulin from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir A. Neves

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo procedeu-se ao isolamento e caracterização da fração globulina majoritária (11 S de grão-de-bico, var. IAC-Marrocos. A globulina majoritária extraída foi isolada por cromatografia de filtração em gel e de troca-iônica mostrando apenas uma banda de proteína na eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida. A globulina majoritária, após passagem em coluna de Sephadex, revelou duas bandas protéicas de 55 e 52,5kDa e três bandas menores em gel de poliacrilamida dodecilsulfato de sódio. Na presença de 2-mercaptoetanol 6 polipeptídios na faixa de 18 a 42kDa foram revelados na eletroforese. A globulina isolada foi submetida à ação da tripsina e quimotripsina onde a forma nativa mostrou-se resistente à ação enzimática enquanto o aquecimento (96 e 121°C/15min não foi suficiente para aumentar a susceptibilidade à hidrólise, significativamente. Adição de NaCl 0,3M levou a um aumento da estabilidade estrutural com menor susceptibilidade à digestão proteolítica, fato em parte perdido com o aquecimento. As hidrólises foram acompanhadas por eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida dodecilsulfato de sódio.The isolation and characterization of the major globulin fraction (11 S from Chickpea, vc IAC-Marrocos, were evaluated. The major globulin was extracted, isolated by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography showing only one protein band on PAGE. The globulin, after Sephadex elution, revealed two protein bands of 55 and 52.5kDa and three minor bands on SDS-PAGE. In the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol six polypeptides were revealed on SDS-PAGE in the range of 18 to 42kDa. The isolated native globulin shown to be resistant to trypsin and chymotrypsin however heating at 96 and 121ºC/15min was not sufficient to increase the hydrolysis significantly. The proteolytic susceptibility of the enzymes was reduced by 0.3M NaCl addition at the assay. The salt concentration was sufficient to stabilize the native protein structure that was lost after heating as demonstrated on SDS-PAGE.

  10. Energy Storage: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Himanshu Verma,; Prof. Jaimala Gambhir,; Sachin Goyal,

    2013-01-01

    Efficient and economic energy storage, if implemented in the current power infrastructure on a large scale, could bring about some of the greatest changes in the power industry in decades. Additionally, energy storage would improve the reliability and dynamic stability of the power system by providing stable, abundant energy reserves that require little ramp time and are less susceptible to varying fuel prices or shortages. Energy storage can shift the higher peak load to off-peak hours in or...

  11. Monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility surge storage systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Facility includes surge storage for canistered commercial spent fuels and associated wastes. This storage is provided by air-cooled vaults and passive-cooled concrete storage casks. This paper, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, discusses the design and analysis for these storage systems

  12. Underground thermal energy storage

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Kun Sang

    2012-01-01

    ""Underground Thermal Energy Storage"" (UTES) provide us with a flexible tool to combat global warming through conserving energy while utilizing natural renewable energy resources. Primarily, they act as a buffer to balance fluctuations in supply and demand of low temperature thermal energy. ""Underground Thermal Energy Storage"" provides an comprehensive introduction to the extensively-used energy storage method. ""Underground Thermal Energy Storage"" gives a general overview of UTES from basic concepts and classifications to operation regimes. As well as discussing general procedures for des

  13. Globulinas totales y recuento linfocitario como marcadores de mortalidad en sepsis y shock séptico / Total globulins and lymphocyte count as markers of mortality in sepsis and septic shock

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo, Conlledo; Álvaro, Rodríguez; Javiera, Godoy; Carlos, Merino; Felipe, Martínez.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: No existen estudios que demuestren si pacientes en sepsis o shock séptico que presentan globulinas plasmáticas totales y/o recuento linfocitario plasmático disminuidos, tendrían mayor mortalidad. Pacientes y Método: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo de 103 pacientes ingresados a la Unidad [...] de Cuidados Intensivos, que cumplían criterios de sepsis o shock séptico, seguidos diariamente en el Hospital Dr. Gustavo Fricke entre junio y noviembre de 2009. Resultados: Hubo asociación entre mortalidad y recuento linfocitario medido a partir del tercer día (valor p 0,05). El área bajo la curva ROC del recuento linfocitario medido al tercer día fue 0,68 (IC 95% 0,530,82), con una sensibilidad de 75%, especificidad 52%, LR(+) 1,57 y LR(-) 0,48 para un punto de corte de 510 linfocitos/mm³, comportándose además como factor de riesgo independiente de mortalidad (OR 3,67, IC 95% 1,03-13,1). Discusión: El recuento linfocitario se asocia precozmente y en forma independiente al pronóstico de mayor mortalidad en estos pacientes. Abstract in english Background: There are no studies probing if patients in sepsis or septic shock with lower levels of total plas-matic globulins and/or lymphocyte count have higher mortality. Patients and Method: Prospective cohort study of 103 patients admitted in Intensive Care Unit followed daily at the Dr. Gustav [...] o Fricke Hospital between June and November of 2009, with sepsis or septic shock criteria. Results: There was association between mortality and lymphocytic count measured from the third day of their hospitalization (P 0.05). The area under ROC curve for the mean lymphocyte count at the third day was 0.68 (95% CI 0.53-0.82), with a sensitivity of 75%, specificity of 52%, LR(+) 1.57 and LR(-) 0.48 for a cut-off at 510 lymphocytes/mm³, behaving also as an independent risk factor of mortality (OR 3.67, 95% CI 1.03-13.1). Discussion: Lymphocyte count is early and independently associated with increased mortality in patients with sepsis or septic shock.

  14. A Survey on Cloud Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiehui Ju

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Cloud storage is a new concept come into being simultaneously with cloud computing, and can be divided into public cloud storage, private cloud storage and hybrid cloud storage. This article gives a quick introduction to cloud storage. It covers the key technologies in Cloud Computing and Cloud Storage. Google GFS massive data storage system and the popular open source Hadoop HDFS were detailed introduced to analyze the principle of Cloud Storage technology. As an important technology area and research direction, cloud storage is becoming a hot research for both academia and industry session. The future valuable research works were summarized at the end.

  15. A Review of Energy Storage Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Connolly, David

    2010-01-01

    A brief examination into the energy storage techniques currently available for the integration of fluctuating renewable energy was carried out. These included Pumped Hydroelectric Energy Storage (PHES), Underground Pumped Hydroelectric Energy Storage (UPHES), Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES), Battery Energy Storage (BES), Flow Battery Energy Storage (FBES), Flywheel Energy Storage (FES), Supercapacitor Energy Storage (SCES), Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), Hydrogen Energy Sto...

  16. A new storage-ring light source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chao, Alex [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-06-01

    A recently proposed technique in storage ring accelerators is applied to provide potential high-power sources of photon radiation. The technique is based on the steady-state microbunching (SSMB) mechanism. As examples of this application, one may consider a high-power DUV photon source for research in atomic and molecular physics or a high-power EUV radiation source for industrial lithography. A less challenging proof-of-principle test to produce IR radiation using an existing storage ring is also considered.

  17. Cytomegalovirus Immune Globulin Intravenous Injection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... body's natural response to infection after a kidney transplant. The drug will be added to an intravenous fluid that will drip through a needle or catheter placed in your vein for 2 to 4 hours one ... transplant. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ...

  18. Energy storage capacitors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarjeant, W.J.

    1984-01-01

    The properties of capacitors are reviewed in general, including dielectrics, induced polarization, and permanent polarization. Then capacitance characteristics are discussed and modelled. These include temperature range, voltage, equivalent series resistance, capacitive reactance, impedance, dissipation factor, humidity and frequency effects, storage temperature and time, and lifetime. Applications of energy storage capacitors are then discussed. (LEW)

  19. Reversible storage of hydrogen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the reversible hydrogen storage, this laboratory is studying the hydrogen storage and more specifically reversible metallic hydrides. As a light, high mass capacity and economical element, the magnesium seems to be a good solution. The authors presents the operating of this fuel cell and the first results. (A.L.B.)

  20. Wind-energy storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, L. H.

    1980-01-01

    Program SIMWEST can model wind energy storage system using any combination of five types of storage: pumped hydro, battery, thermal, flywheel, and pneumatic. Program is tool to aid design of optional system for given application with realistic simulation for further evaluation and verification.

  1. Electricity Storage. Technology Brief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simbolotti, G. [Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development ENEA, Rome (Italy); Kempener, R. [International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA, Bonn (Germany)

    2012-04-15

    Electricity storage is a key technology for electricity systems with a high share of renewables as it allows electricity to be generated when renewable sources (i.e. wind, sunlight) are available and to be consumed on demand. It is expected that the increasing price of fossil fuels and peak-load electricity and the growing share of renewables will result in electricity storage to grow rapidly and become more cost effective. However, electricity storage is technically challenging because electricity can only be stored after conversion into other forms of energy, and this involves expensive equipment and energy losses. At present, the only commercial storage option is pumped hydro power where surplus electricity (e.g. electricity produced overnight by base-load coal or nuclear power) is used to pump water from a lower to an upper reservoir. The stored energy is then used to produce hydropower during daily high-demand periods. Pumped hydro plants are large-scale storage systems with a typical efficiency between 70% and 80%, which means that a quarter of the energy is lost in the process. Other storage technologies with different characteristics (i.e. storage process and capacity, conversion back to electricity and response to power demand, energy losses and costs) are currently in demonstration or pre-commercial stages and discussed in this brief report: Compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems, Flywheels; Electrical batteries; Supercapacitors; Superconducting magnetic storage; and Thermal energy storage. No single electricity storage technology scores high in all dimensions. The technology of choice often depends on the size of the system, the specific service, the electricity sources and the marginal cost of peak electricity. Pumped hydro currently accounts for 95% of the global storage capacity and still offers a considerable expansion potential but does not suit residential or small-size applications. CAES expansion is limited due to the lack of suitable natural storage sites. Electrical batteries have a large potential with a number of new materials and technologies under development to improve performance and reduce costs. Heat storage is practical in CSP plants. The choice between large-scale storage facilities and small-scale distributed storage depends on the geography and demography of the country, the existing grid and the type and scale of renewable technologies entering the market. While the energy storage market is quickly evolving and expected to increase 20-fold between 2010 and 2020, many electricity storage technologies are under development and need policy support for further commercial deployment. Electricity storage considerations should be an integral part of any plans for electric grid expansion or transformation of the electricity system. Storage also offers key synergies with grid interconnection and methods to smooth the variability of electricity demand (demand side management)

  2. Energy storage; Energiespeicher

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baufume, Sylvestre; Hennings, Wilfried; Kuckshinrichs, Wilhelm; Linssen, Jochen; Markewitz, Peter; Strenzel, Peter; Voegele, Stefan [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (DE). Inst. fuer Energieforschung (IEF), Systemforschung und Technologische Entwicklung (IEF-STE)

    2012-07-01

    The accelerated system integration of renewable energy resources and the increase of energy efficiency are two major pillars of the current energy plan of the Federal Government. With this, the development of energy storage is seen as a central key element. The current focus primarily is on the storage of electricity. Right now, major research efforts are being made for the storage of excess quantities of electricity and to compensate for seasonal fluctuations in power generation from renewable energy sources. Possible approaches are examined. Even today, natural gas storage facilities play a major role in the power generation because of seasonal fluctuations of the energy demand can be compensated. In particular, the storage of electricity in the form of chemical energy (hydrogen or methane) currently is being discussed. This power-to-gas approach results in a combination of electricity and gas network infrastructures.

  3. Plutonium storage criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, D. [Scientech, Inc., Germantown, MD (United States); Ascanio, X. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The Department of Energy has issued a technical standard for long-term (>50 years) storage and will soon issue a criteria document for interim (<20 years) storage of plutonium materials. The long-term technical standard, {open_quotes}Criteria for Safe Storage of Plutonium Metals and Oxides,{close_quotes} addresses the requirements for storing metals and oxides with greater than 50 wt % plutonium. It calls for a standardized package that meets both off-site transportation requirements, as well as remote handling requirements from future storage facilities. The interim criteria document, {open_quotes}Criteria for Interim Safe Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Solid Materials{close_quotes}, addresses requirements for storing materials with less than 50 wt% plutonium. The interim criteria document assumes the materials will be stored on existing sites, and existing facilities and equipment will be used for repackaging to improve the margin of safety.

  4. Seasonal thermal energy storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, R. D.; Kannberg, L. D.; Raymond, J. R.

    1984-05-01

    Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) using heat or cold available from surplus, waste, climatic, or cogeneration sources show great promise to reduce peak demand, reduce electric utility load problems, and contribute to establishing favorable economics for district heating and cooling systems. Heated and chilled water can be injected, stored, and recovered from aquifers. Geologic materials are good thermal insulators, and potentially suitable aquifers are distributed throughout the United States. Potential energy sources for use in an aquifer thermal energy storage system include solar heat, power plant cogeneration, winter chill, and industrial waste heat source. Topics covered include: (1) the U.S. Department of Energy seasonal thermal energy storage program; (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology; (3) alternative STES technology; (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage; and (5) economic assessment.

  5. Spent-fuel-storage alternatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Spent Fuel Storage Alternatives meeting was a technical forum in which 37 experts from 12 states discussed storage alternatives that are available or are under development. The subject matter was divided into the following five areas: techniques for increasing fuel storage density; dry storage of spent fuel; fuel characterization and conditioning; fuel storage operating experience; and storage and transport economics. Nineteen of the 21 papers which were presented at this meeting are included in this Proceedings. These have been abstracted and indexed

  6. Electricity storage using a thermal storage scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing use of renewable energy technologies for electricity generation, many of which have an unpredictably intermittent nature, will inevitably lead to a greater demand for large-scale electricity storage schemes. For example, the expanding fraction of electricity produced by wind turbines will require either backup or storage capacity to cover extended periods of wind lull. This paper describes a recently proposed storage scheme, referred to here as Pumped Thermal Storage (PTS), and which is based on “sensible heat” storage in large thermal reservoirs. During the charging phase, the system effectively operates as a high temperature-ratio heat pump, extracting heat from a cold reservoir and delivering heat to a hot one. In the discharge phase the processes are reversed and it operates as a heat engine. The round-trip efficiency is limited only by process irreversibilities (as opposed to Second Law limitations on the coefficient of performance and the thermal efficiency of the heat pump and heat engine respectively). PTS is currently being developed in both France and England. In both cases, the schemes operate on the Joule-Brayton (gas turbine) cycle, using argon as the working fluid. However, the French scheme proposes the use of turbomachinery for compression and expansion, whereas for that being developed in England reciprocating devices are proposed. The current paper focuses on the impact of the various process irreversibilities on the thermodynamic round-trip efficiency of the scheme. Consideration is given to compression and expansion losses and pressure losses (in pipe-work, valves and thermal reservoirs); heat transfer related irreversibility in the thermal reservoirs is discussed but not included in the analysis. Results are presented demonstrating how the various loss parameters and operating conditions influence the overall performance

  7. Electricity storage using a thermal storage scheme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, Alexander, E-mail: ajw36@cam.ac.uk [Hopkinson Laboratory, Cambridge University Engineering Department, Trumpington Street, Cambridge. CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom)

    2015-01-22

    The increasing use of renewable energy technologies for electricity generation, many of which have an unpredictably intermittent nature, will inevitably lead to a greater demand for large-scale electricity storage schemes. For example, the expanding fraction of electricity produced by wind turbines will require either backup or storage capacity to cover extended periods of wind lull. This paper describes a recently proposed storage scheme, referred to here as Pumped Thermal Storage (PTS), and which is based on “sensible heat” storage in large thermal reservoirs. During the charging phase, the system effectively operates as a high temperature-ratio heat pump, extracting heat from a cold reservoir and delivering heat to a hot one. In the discharge phase the processes are reversed and it operates as a heat engine. The round-trip efficiency is limited only by process irreversibilities (as opposed to Second Law limitations on the coefficient of performance and the thermal efficiency of the heat pump and heat engine respectively). PTS is currently being developed in both France and England. In both cases, the schemes operate on the Joule-Brayton (gas turbine) cycle, using argon as the working fluid. However, the French scheme proposes the use of turbomachinery for compression and expansion, whereas for that being developed in England reciprocating devices are proposed. The current paper focuses on the impact of the various process irreversibilities on the thermodynamic round-trip efficiency of the scheme. Consideration is given to compression and expansion losses and pressure losses (in pipe-work, valves and thermal reservoirs); heat transfer related irreversibility in the thermal reservoirs is discussed but not included in the analysis. Results are presented demonstrating how the various loss parameters and operating conditions influence the overall performance.

  8. Electricity storage using a thermal storage scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    The increasing use of renewable energy technologies for electricity generation, many of which have an unpredictably intermittent nature, will inevitably lead to a greater demand for large-scale electricity storage schemes. For example, the expanding fraction of electricity produced by wind turbines will require either backup or storage capacity to cover extended periods of wind lull. This paper describes a recently proposed storage scheme, referred to here as Pumped Thermal Storage (PTS), and which is based on "sensible heat" storage in large thermal reservoirs. During the charging phase, the system effectively operates as a high temperature-ratio heat pump, extracting heat from a cold reservoir and delivering heat to a hot one. In the discharge phase the processes are reversed and it operates as a heat engine. The round-trip efficiency is limited only by process irreversibilities (as opposed to Second Law limitations on the coefficient of performance and the thermal efficiency of the heat pump and heat engine respectively). PTS is currently being developed in both France and England. In both cases, the schemes operate on the Joule-Brayton (gas turbine) cycle, using argon as the working fluid. However, the French scheme proposes the use of turbomachinery for compression and expansion, whereas for that being developed in England reciprocating devices are proposed. The current paper focuses on the impact of the various process irreversibilities on the thermodynamic round-trip efficiency of the scheme. Consideration is given to compression and expansion losses and pressure losses (in pipe-work, valves and thermal reservoirs); heat transfer related irreversibility in the thermal reservoirs is discussed but not included in the analysis. Results are presented demonstrating how the various loss parameters and operating conditions influence the overall performance.

  9. Secure Storage Architectures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aderholdt, Ferrol [Tennessee Technological University; Caldwell, Blake A [ORNL; Hicks, Susan Elaine [ORNL; Koch, Scott M [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Pogge, James R [Tennessee Technological University; Scott, Stephen L [Tennessee Technological University; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Sorrillo, Lawrence [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to clarify the challenges associated with storage for secure enclaves. The major focus areas for the report are: - review of relevant parallel filesystem technologies to identify assets and gaps; - review of filesystem isolation/protection mechanisms, to include native filesystem capabilities and auxiliary/layered techniques; - definition of storage architectures that can be used for customizable compute enclaves (i.e., clarification of use-cases that must be supported for shared storage scenarios); - investigate vendor products related to secure storage. This study provides technical details on the storage and filesystem used for HPC with particular attention on elements that contribute to creating secure storage. We outline the pieces for a a shared storage architecture that balances protection and performance by leveraging the isolation capabilities available in filesystems and virtualization technologies to maintain the integrity of the data. Key Points: There are a few existing and in-progress protection features in Lustre related to secure storage, which are discussed in (Chapter 3.1). These include authentication capabilities like GSSAPI/Kerberos and the in-progress work for GSSAPI/Host-keys. The GPFS filesystem provides native support for encryption, which is not directly available in Lustre. Additionally, GPFS includes authentication/authorization mechanisms for inter-cluster sharing of filesystems (Chapter 3.2). The limitations of key importance for secure storage/filesystems are: (i) restricting sub-tree mounts for parallel filesystem (which is not directly supported in Lustre or GPFS), and (ii) segregation of hosts on the storage network and practical complications with dynamic additions to the storage network, e.g., LNET. A challenge for VM based use cases will be to provide efficient IO forwarding of the parallel filessytem from the host to the guest (VM). There are promising options like para-virtualized filesystems to help with this issue, which are a particular instances of the more general challenge of efficient host/guest IO that is the focus of interfaces like virtio. A collection of bridging technologies have been identified in Chapter 4, which can be helpful to overcome the limitations and challenges of supporting efficient storage for secure enclaves. The synthesis of native filesystem security mechanisms and bridging technologies led to an isolation-centric storage architecture that is proposed in Chapter 5, which leverages isolation mechanisms from different layers to facilitate secure storage for an enclave. Recommendations: The following highlights recommendations from the investigations done thus far. - The Lustre filesystem offers excellent performance but does not support some security related features, e.g., encryption, that are included in GPFS. If encryption is of paramount importance, then GPFS may be a more suitable choice. - There are several possible Lustre related enhancements that may provide functionality of use for secure-enclaves. However, since these features are not currently integrated, the use of Lustre as a secure storage system may require more direct involvement (support). (*The network that connects the storage subsystem and users, e.g., Lustre s LNET.) - The use of OpenStack with GPFS will be more streamlined than with Lustre, as there are available drivers for GPFS. - The Manilla project offers Filesystem as a Service for OpenStack and is worth further investigation. Manilla has some support for GPFS. - The proposed Lustre enhancement of Dynamic-LNET should be further investigated to provide more dynamic changes to the storage network which could be used to isolate hosts and their tenants. - The Linux namespaces offer a good solution for creating efficient restrictions to shared HPC filesystems. However, we still need to conduct a thorough round of storage/filesystem benchmarks. - Vendor products should be more closely reviewed, possibly to include evaluation of performance/protection of select products. (Note, we are investigation the opti

  10. Aboveground storage tank regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are critical differences between the potential for environmental impact of aboveground and underground oil storage. For example, while leaks from underground storage tanks (USTs) seep into soil or aquifers, the concern with aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) is that an overfill or tank rupture can cause product to escape into a navigable stream and immediately create an oil spill pollution incident. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has very distinct programs outlining regulation parameters for each type of storage, including source of authority, regulatory cutoffs and exclusions, definitions, prevention and response requirements, and penalties, etc. Engineers considering changing or recommending a change in type of storage, particularly from a UST to an AST, need to be aware of existing federal regulations. UST regulation, administered primarily by the states, falls under EPA Regulation 40 CFR 280. EPA's underground storage tank program, which began in 1988, and the individual state programs that have evolved since then, provide generally accepted benchmarks for safe, reliable underground storage of petroleum and hazardous liquid products

  11. Superconducting magnetic energy storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a brief review of the reasons for and forms of secondary energy storage and of the elements and history of inductive or magnetic storage, the four distinct areas in which superconducting magnetic energy storage can be applied are discussed. Differences in energy transfer times place different requirements on the storage coil, on the switch or transfer element, and on the energy losses in the superconductor. A report on designs and experiments in one of these areas with 2 to 300kJ units, and on the analysis and plans for an installation that is to provide 250kJ of plasma compression energy for the theta-pitch controlled thermonuclear fusion test reactor is given. Those elements of inductive storage that need further development before a theta-pitch fusion reactor can become economically competitive are pointed out. The size and costs of the energy storage components of these systems compared with similar and with larger inductive storage systems that are to interact reversibly with electric utility networks. (author)

  12. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2006-05-10

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of January 1, 2006 through March 31, 2006. Activities during this time period were: (1) Organize and host the 2006 Spring Meeting in San Diego, CA on February 21-22, 2006; (2) Award 8 projects for co-funding by GSTC for 2006; (3) New members recruitment; and (4) Improving communications.

  13. Monitored retrievable storage design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) established a national policy for the safe storage and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The NWPA requires that DOE... ''submit a proposal to Congress on the need for and feasibility of one or more Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Facilities''... In subsequent evaluations of the commercial nuclear waste management system, DOE has identified important advantages in providing an MRS Facility as an integral part of the total system. The integral MRS Facility serves as an independent, centralized spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste handling and packaging facility with a safe temporary storage capacity

  14. Memory mass storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campardo, Giovanni [Numonyx, Agrate Brianza Milano (Italy); Tiziani, Federico; Iaculo, Massimo (eds.) [Micron, Arzano Napoli (Italy)

    2011-07-01

    Memory Mass Storage describes the fundamental storage technologies, like Semiconductor, Magnetic, Optical and Uncommon, detailing the main technical characteristics of the storage devices. It deals not only with semiconductor and hard disk memory, but also with different ways to manufacture and assembly them, and with their application to meet market requirements. It also provides an introduction to the epistemological issues arising in defining the process of remembering, as well as an overview on human memory, and an interesting excursus about biological memories and their organization, to better understand how the best memory we have, our brain, is able to imagine and design memory. (orig.)

  15. Memory mass storage

    CERN Document Server

    Campardo, Giovanni; Iaculo, Massimo

    2011-01-01

    Memory Mass Storage describes the fundamental storage technologies, like Semiconductor, Magnetic, Optical and Uncommon, detailing the main technical characteristics of the storage devices. It deals not only with semiconductor and hard disk memory, but also with different ways to manufacture and assembly them, and with their application to meet market requirements. It also provides an introduction to the epistemological issues arising in defining the process of remembering, as well as an overview on human memory, and an interesting excursus about biological memories and their organization, to b

  16. Tiered Storage For LHC

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Hanushevsky, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    For more than a year, the ATLAS Western Tier 2 (WT2) at SLAC National Accelerator has been successfully operating a two tiered storage system based on Xrootd's flexible cross-cluster data placement framework, the File Residency Manager. The architecture allows WT2 to provide both, high performance storage at the higher tier to ATLAS analysis jobs, as well as large, low cost disk capacity at the lower tier. Data automatically moves between the two storage tiers based on the needs of analysis jobs and is completely transparent to the jobs.

  17. Association between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and metabolic syndrome among men / Associação entre globulina de ligação a hormônio sexual (SHBG) e síndrome metabólica em homens

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Emmanuela Quental Callou de, Sá; Francisco Carleial Feijó de, Sá; Kelly Cristina, Oliveira; Fausto, Feres; Ieda Therezinha Nascimento, Verreschi.

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A síndrome metabólica (SM) consiste em um conjunto de fatores que implicam risco elevado para doenças cardiovasculares. O objetivo foi avaliar a associação entre a globulina ligadora de esteroides sexuais (SHBG), hormônios sexuais e a SM em homens. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: [...] Análise retrospectiva de dados do estudo "Estradiol mas não testosterona se correlaciona com doença arterial coronariana em homens", conduzido em um hospital em São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados pacientes do sexo masculino com idade entre 40 e 70 anos, submetidos a angiografia coronária. A idade, a prevalência de dislipidemia, hipertensão e diabetes, o peso, a altura, cintura e o índice de massa corpórea de cada paciente foram coletados. A definição de SM seguiu os critérios do NCEP-ATPIII. Amostras séricas foram coletadas para análises da glicose, colesterol total, colesterol-HDL (high density lipoprotein), triglicerídeos, albumina, SHBG, estradiol e testosterona total (TT). O colesterol-LDL (low density lipoprotein) foi calculado pela fórmula de Friedewald e as testosteronas livre (TL) e biodisponível (TB) pela fórmula de Vermeulen. RESULTADOS: Entraram no estudo 141 pacientes. A prevalência de SM foi significativamente maior no primeiro tercil de SHBG em comparação ao segundo e terceiro tercis. Foi verificada uma associação positiva e significativa ente os valores de SHBG e TT, porém essa associação não foi verificada entre SHBG e TB e TL. CONCLUSÃO: Baixos níveis séricos de SHBG estiveram associados com alta prevalência da SM em pacientes do sexo masculino. Faz-se necessário que estudos avaliem essa associação. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome consists of a set of factors that imply increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The objective here was to evaluate the association between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), sex hormones and metabolic syndrome among men. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retros [...] pective analysis on data from the study "Endogenous oestradiol but not testosterone is related to coronary artery disease in men", conducted in a hospital in São Paulo. METHODS: Men (aged 40-70) who underwent coronary angiography were selected. The age, weight, height, waist circumference, body mass index and prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypertension and diabetes of each patient were registered. Metabolic syndrome was defined in accordance with the criteria of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (NCEP-ATPIII). Serum samples were collected to assess the levels of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol (high density lipoprotein), triglycerides, albumin, SHBG, estradiol and total testosterone (TT). The levels of LDL-cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) were calculated using Friedewald's formula and free testosterone (FT) and bioavailable testosterone (BT) using Vermeulen's formula. RESULTS: 141 patients were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in the first SHBG tercile than in the second and third terciles. A statistically significant positive association between the SHBG and TT values was observed, but no such association was seen between SHBG, BT and FT. CONCLUSION: Low serum levels of SHBG are associated with higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome among male patients, but further studies are required to confirm this association.

  18. Storage-ring FEL for the vuv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peterson, J.M.; Bisognano, J.J.; Garren, A.A.; Halbach, K.; Kim, K.J.; Sah, R.C.

    1984-09-01

    A free-electron laser for the vuv operating in a storage ring requires an electron beam of high density and low energy spread and a short wavelength, narrow-gap undulator. These conditions tend to produce longitudinal and transverse beam instabilities, excessive beam growth through multiple intrabeam scattering, and a short gas-scattering lifetime. Passing the beam only occasionally through the undulator in a by-pass straight section, as proposed by Murphy and Pellegrini, allows operation in a high-gain, single-pass mode and a long gas-scattering lifetime. Several storage ring designs have been considered to see how best to satisfy the several requirements. Each features a by-pass, a low-emittance lattice, and built-in wigglers for enhanced damping to counteract the intra-beam scattering. 15 references, 3 figures, 2 tables.

  19. Storage-ring FEL for the vuv

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A free-electron laser for the vuv operating in a storage ring requires an electron beam of high density and low energy spread and a short wavelength, narrow-gap undulator. These conditions tend to produce longitudinal and transverse beam instabilities, excessive beam growth through multiple intrabeam scattering, and a short gas-scattering lifetime. Passing the beam only occasionally through the undulator in a by-pass straight section, as proposed by Murphy and Pellegrini, allows operation in a high-gain, single-pass mode and a long gas-scattering lifetime. Several storage ring designs have been considered to see how best to satisfy the several requirements. Each features a by-pass, a low-emittance lattice, and built-in wigglers for enhanced damping to counteract the intra-beam scattering. 15 references, 3 figures, 2 tables

  20. Hydrogen storage compositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; Vajo, John J.; Cumberland, Robert W.; Liu, Ping

    2011-04-19

    Compositions for hydrogen storage and methods of making such compositions employ an alloy that exhibits reversible formation/deformation of BH.sub.4.sup.- anions. The composition includes a ternary alloy including magnesium, boron and a metal and a metal hydride. The ternary alloy and the metal hydride are present in an amount sufficient to render the composition capable of hydrogen storage. The molar ratio of the metal to magnesium and boron in the alloy is such that the alloy exhibits reversible formation/deformation of BH.sub.4.sup.- anions. The hydrogen storage composition is prepared by combining magnesium, boron and a metal to prepare a ternary alloy and combining the ternary alloy with a metal hydride to form the hydrogen storage composition.

  1. Lipid Storage Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Diseases Fact Sheet Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Lipid Storage Diseases? Is ... 1356 National Gaucher Foundation, Inc. 61 General Early Drive Harpers Ferry, WV 25425 ngf@gaucherdisease.org http:// ...

  2. Nuclear Materials Storage

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    Creation of System for Storage, Operative Control and Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials and Ampoule Sources of Ionizing Radiation (ASIR) on "Baikal-1" stand Complex Meeting the International Requirements of Radioactive Materials Control...

  3. Storage: Asset or albatross?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peldner, P.J. [Tejas Power Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Development of storage was originally intended to: act as a surrogate for transportation capacity and capture seasonal commodity differentials. Historically, storage was developed by the pipeline companies as a means to minimize capital expenditures in terms of long haul transportation. By building storage, gas could be transported to the market are and stored using available transportation capacity when load requirements were down in the summer, then withdrawn during the winter season without requiring additional transportation capacity to be built. With the advent of deregulation, gas prices were no longer fixed with respect to time. Due to the seasonal demand of gas, there developed a fairly predictable and very consistent corresponding seasonality to the pricing of natural gas. With this phenomenon, seasonal storage developed an added local distribution companies.

  4. Storage Gage Precipitation Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A storage gage is a precipitation gage that requires reading and maintenance only monthly or seasonal intervals. This library includes reports from such gages,...

  5. Wet storage integrity update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report includes information from various studies performed under the Wet Storage Task of the Spent Fuel Integrity Project of the Commercial Spent Fuel Management (CSFM) Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. An overview of recent developments in the technology of wet storage of spent water reactor fuel is presented. Licensee Event Reports pertaining to spent fuel pools and the associated performance of spent fuel and storage components during wet storage are discussed. The current status of fuel that was examined under the CSFM Program is described. Assessments of the effect of boric acid in spent fuel pool water on the corrosion and stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel and the stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel piping containing stagnant water at spent fuel pools are discussed. A list of pertinent publications is included. 84 references, 21 figures, 11 tables

  6. Costs of Archival Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the cost of archival storage. The study is part of a project conducted by The Danish National Archives, The Royal Library, and The State and University Library to develop a generic cost model for digital preservation (CMDP). The purposes of the study were to determine the costs of establishing and maintaining a preservation solution destined for long-term preservation of digital materials and to develop a tool capable of doing this operation. In order to fulfill the purposes, the project employed a combination of own and external experience as well as the OAIS Reference Model as a framework to fully understand and identify the cost critical activities of bit-preservation as described in Archival Storage. We found that the costs of Archival Storage are obviously closely linked to the data volume, but also to the required preservation quality, especially with regard to the required number of copies and the type of storage solution.

  7. Spent fuel storage experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiated nuclear fuel has been stored in water pools at essentially all nuclear reactors, beginning with the earliest plants in 1943. Fuel from water-cooled power reactors is clad either with Zircaloy or with stainless steel. Zircaloy-clad fuel has been stored US pools since 1959. Some experimental stainless-steel-clad fuel was stored for 12 yr in the US before reprocessing. Canadian Zircaloy-clad fuel has been stored since 1962. There has been no evidence that the fuel has degraded during pool storage, based principally on visual observations and radiation monitoring of pool air and water. However, several fuel rods have been subjected to metallographic examination after pool exposures up to 11 yr, also with no evidence that the fuel cladding has degraded in the pool. Canadian fuel stored up to 10 yr was returned to a reactor and performed well. Favorable storage experience also has been indicated for other countries with fuel residence times of 5 to 10 yr. The pool storage environment is high-purity water at 5.3 to 7.5 pH, except for pools for pressurized water reactors, which utilize boric acid pool chemistry at 4.5 to 6.0 pH. Pool water temperatures generally range between 20 and 500C. The favorable storage experience, demonstrated technology, successful handling of fuel with reactor-induced defects, benign storage environments, and corrosion-resistant materials offer sufficient bases to proceed with expanded storage capacities and extended fuel storage until questions regarding fuel reprocessing and final storage of nuclear wastes have been resolved. Some surveillance is justified to detect degradation if it becomes significat. Surveillance programs are already under way in several countries. 1 figure, 6 tables

  8. Cloud Storage Vault

    OpenAIRE

    Haver, Eirik; Melvold, Eivind; Ruud, Pål

    2011-01-01

    Today, major IT-companies, such as Microsoft, Amazon and Google, are offering online storage services to their customers. This is a favourable solution -- as opposed to regular storage -- in terms of low costs, reliability, scalability and capacity. However, important security features such as data privacy and integrity are often absent.To address these issues, a cryptographic architecture is proposed that ensures the confidentiality and integrity of the data stored by users, independent of t...

  9. Energy Storage: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himanshu Verma,

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Efficient and economic energy storage, if implemented in the current power infrastructure on a large scale, could bring about some of the greatest changes in the power industry in decades. Additionally, energy storage would improve the reliability and dynamic stability of the power system by providing stable, abundant energy reserves that require little ramp time and are less susceptible to varying fuel prices or shortages. Energy storage can shift the higher peak load to off-peak hours in order to level the generation requirement, allowing generators to run more efficiently at a stable power level, potentially decreasing the average cost of electricity. Additionally, increased energy storage capacity can avoid generation capacity, decrease transmission congestion, and help enable distributed generation such as residential solar and wind systems.In this paper energy storage methods are discussed in such a way to provide a detailed overview of how each of the energy storage devices work so that the reader is able to get a better feel for the potential benefits and drawbacks of each device.

  10. Superconducting magnetic energy storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superconducting inductors provide a compact and efficient means of storing electrical energy without an intermediate conversion process. Energy storage inductors are under development for diurnal load leveling and transmission line stabilization in electric utility systems and for driving magnetic confinement and plasma heating coils in fusion energy systems. Fluctuating electric power demands force the electric utility industry to have more installed generating capacity than the average load requires. Energy storage can increase the utilization of base-load fossil and nuclear power plants for electric utilities. Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems, which will store and deliver electrical energy for load leveling, peak shaving, and the stabilization of electric utility networks are being developed. In the fusion area, inductive energy transfer and storage is also being developed by LASL. Both 1-ms fast-discharge theta-pinch and 1-to-2-s slow tokamak energy transfer systems have been demonstrated. The major components and the method of operation of an SMES unit are described, and potential applications of different size SMES systems in electric power grids are presented. Results are given for a 1-GWh reference design load-leveling unit, for a 30-MJ coil proposed stabilization unit, and for tests with a small-scale, 100-kJ magnetic energy storage system. The results of the fusion energy storage and transfer tests are also presented. The common technology base for the systems is discussed

  11. Spent nuclear fuel storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a country becomes self-sufficient in part of the nuclear cycle, as production of fuel that will be used in nuclear power plants for energy generation, it is necessary to pay attention for the best method of storing the spent fuel. Temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel is a necessary practice and is applied nowadays all over the world, so much in countries that have not been defined their plan for a definitive repository, as well for those that already put in practice such storage form. There are two main aspects that involve the spent fuels: one regarding the spent nuclear fuel storage intended to reprocessing and the other in which the spent fuel will be sent for final deposition when the definitive place is defined, correctly located, appropriately characterized as to several technical aspects, and licentiate. This last aspect can involve decades of studies because of the technical and normative definitions at a given country. In Brazil, the interest is linked with the storage of spent fuels that will not be reprocessed. This work analyses possible types of storage, the international panorama and a proposal for future construction of a spent nuclear fuel temporary storage place in the country. (author)

  12. Changes in grain size and grain storage protein of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in response to elevated UV-B radiation under outdoor conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Variation in growth, grain size and grain storage protein content of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in response to elevated ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation under sunlight was examined in a cool rice-growing region of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, in 1999, 2001 and 2002. Tiller number, dry mass, panicle number, grain yield and grain size significantly decreased under elevated UV-B radiation in 2001 and 2002. The effects of elevated UV-B radiation on the reduction of each growth parameter were greatly enhanced by daily lower temperature during the ripening stage in those two years. On the contrary, total grain nitrogen content and grain storage protein content significantly increased under elevated UV-B radiation in 2001 and 2002. Among grain storage proteins, glutelin content significantly increased but albumin-globulin and prolamin contents did not. It was thus evident that not only grain size but also grain storage protein of rice was markedly influenced due to elevated UV-B radiation. (author)

  13. Spacecraft cryogenic gas storage systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rysavy, G.

    1971-01-01

    Cryogenic gas storage systems were developed for the liquid storage of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and helium. Cryogenic storage is attractive because of the high liquid density and low storage pressure of cryogens. This situation results in smaller container sizes, reduced container-strength levels, and lower tankage weights. The Gemini and Apollo spacecraft used cryogenic gas storage systems as standard spacecraft equipment. In addition to the Gemini and Apollo cryogenic gas storage systems, other systems were developed and tested in the course of advancing the state of the art. All of the cryogenic storage systems used, developed, and tested to date for manned-spacecraft applications are described.

  14. Short term thermal energy storage

    OpenAIRE

    Abhat, A.

    1980-01-01

    The present paper reviews the problem of short term thermal energy storage for low temperature solar heating applications. The techniques of sensible and latent heat storage are discussed, with particular emphasis on the latter. Requirements for hot water storage subsystems are provided and the importance of stratification in hot water storage tanks is described. Concerning latent heat storage, both material and heat exchanger aspects are considered in detail. The example of a passively opera...

  15. Prevención de la isoinmunización materna al RhD, con gamma-globulina anti-D / Prevention of maternal RhD isoimmunization with anti-D gamma globulin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Héctor Alfredo, Baptista-González; Fany, Rosenfeld-Mann; Teresita, Leiss-Márquez.

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Presentar la experiencia institucional en la prevención de la isoinmunización al RhD, mediante el empleo de 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D en las mujeres Rh negativo. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se registraron los antecedentes inmunohematológicos de los casos consecutivos de todas las mujeres Rh [...] negativo que acudieron, para su atención médica, al Instituto Nacional de Perinatología entre 1982 y 1995. A las mujeres con riesgo de isoinmunización se les aplicó 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D, con fines preventivos. RESULTADOS: En el periodo de estudio ingresaron 4 857 mujeres Rh negativo (4.85% del total de mujeres), de las cuales 629 (13.0%), presentaron isoinmunización al RhD. De estas últimas, 542 (86.2%) ya se encontraron isoinmunizadas desde antes de su ingreso al Instituto. En 22 casos (3.5%), la isoinmunización ocurrió a pesar de que recibieron la dosis adecuada de gamma-globulina anti D. De las 2 605 pacientes (53.6%) sometidas a prevención, a 2 039 se les aplicó una sola dosis, y a 475, hasta dos dosis. En 22 casos se documentó la falla de la prevención; sin embargo, en cuatro de ellos, se registraron embarazos múltiples, y los restantes 18 presentaron patología obstétrica asociada. CONCLUSIONES: Mediante este programa de prevención, consistente en administrar 150 µg de gamma-globulina anti-D por dosis, es posible reducir la isoinmunización a menos de un caso por cada 1 000 mujeres. Los fracasos en la prevención de la isoinmunización se asociaron a condiciones obstétricas agregadas y al incumplimiento de las guías o lineamientos del programa. El texto completo en inglés de este artículo está disponible en: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in preventing RhD maternal isoimmunization by using anti-D gamma globulin among Rh-negative women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1982 and 1995, immunologic and hematologic data were collected from all Rh-negative women seen at Mexico's National Perinatology Instit [...] ute. Women at risk of Rh isoimmunization were given a prophylactic dose of 150 µg of anti-D gamma globulin. RESULTS: A total of 4 857 Rh-negative women were seen during the study period (4.85% of the total population of women seen at the Institute), 629 (13.0%) of whom developed RhD isoimmunization; 542 (86.2%) of these women were already isoimmunized when first seen at our Institute. Twenty-two women (3.5%) developed isoimmunization even after receiving a proper dose of anti-D gamma globulin. Prophylaxis was given to 2 605 women (53.6%); 2 039 received a single dose, and 475 two doses. Prophylaxis failed in 22 cases; four were women with multiple pregnancy and 18 developed obstetric pathologic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The use of anti-D gamma globulin resulted in a reduction of maternal Rh isoimmunization to less than one case per 1 000 women. Failures to prevent isoimmunization were associated to additional obstetric conditions and to lack of adherence to prevention guidelines. The English version of this paper is available at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html

  16. B-Cell-Rich T-Cell Lymphoma Associated with Epstein-Barr Virus-Reactivation and T-Cell Suppression Following Antithymocyte Globulin Therapy in a Patient with Severe Aplastic Anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanaoka, Nobuyoshi; Murata, Shogo; Hosoi, Hiroki; Shimokado, Aiko; Mushino, Toshiki; Kuriyama, Kodai; Hatanaka, Kazuo; Nishikawa, Akinori; Kurimoto, Miwa; Sonoki, Takashi; Muragaki, Yasuteru; Nakakuma, Hideki

    2015-09-23

    B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (B-LPD) is generally characterized by the proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected B lymphocytes. We here report the development of EBV-negative B-LPD associated with EBV-reactivation following antithymocyte globulin (ATG) therapy in a patient with aplastic anemia. The molecular autopsy study showed the sparse EBV-infected clonal T cells could be critically involved in the pathogenesis of EBV-negative oligoclonal B-LPD through cytokine amplification and escape from T-cell surveillances attributable to ATG-based immunosuppressive therapy, leading to an extremely rare B-cell-rich T-cell lymphoma. This report helps in elucidating the complex pathophysiology of intractable B-LPD refractory to rituximab. PMID:26487932

  17. B-cell-rich T-cell lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus-reactivation and T-cell suppression following antithymocyte globulin therapy in a patient with severe aplastic anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nobuyoshi Hanaoka

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (B-LPD is generally characterized by the proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-infected B lymphocytes. We here report the development of EBV-negative B-LPD associated with EBV-reactivation following antithymocyte globulin (ATG therapy in a patient with aplastic anemia. The molecular autopsy study showed the sparse EBV-infected clonal T cells could be critically involved in the pathogenesis of EBV-negative oligoclonal B-LPD through cytokine amplification and escape from T-cell surveillances attributable to ATG-based immunosuppressive therapy, leading to an extremely rare B-cell-rich T-cell lymphoma. This report helps in elucidating the complex pathophysiology of intractable B-LPD refractory to rituximab.

  18. Antibodies to glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchored proteins (GPI-AP) in antithymocyte and antilymphocyte globulin: possible role for the expansion of GPI-AP deficient cells in aplastic anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitinger, Heike H; Rojewski, Markus T; Schrezenmeier, Hubert

    2009-09-01

    Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and antilymphocyte globulin (ALG) are currently used successfully for immunosuppressive treatment of aplastic anemia. In this study we have investigated whether commercial ATG/ALG preparations contain antibodies against glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol anchored proteins (GPI-AP), which could be responsible for emergence of GPI-deficient populations in aplastic anemia after ATG/ALG therapy. We analyzed four commercial ATG/ALG preparations by competitive binding assays using flow cytometry. Quantification was achieved by calculating the concentration of ATG/ALG required to give 50% inhibition of binding the specific fluorochrome-labeled monoclonal antibody (EC50). High concentrations of antibodies against the GPI-anchored protein CD52 were found in all preparations (Lymphoglobulin Genzyme, Thymoglobulin Genzyme, ATGAM. Pharmacia & Upjohn, and ATG-Fresenius S Fresenius). Antibodies against the GPI-anchored protein CD48 are present in significant concentrations except in the preparation ATGAM. CD16 antibodies were found in lower concentrations. We could not detect significant concentrations of antibodies against the GPI-anchored proteins CD157 and CD14. Campath-1H, a monoclonal antibody against the GPI-anchored protein CD52, has been used as immunosuppressive tool for T-cell depletion. CD52 antibodies in ATG/ALG preparations might contribute in the same way to the immunosuppressive effects in treatment of aplastic anemia. It is known that in a substantial proportion of patients with aplastic anemia GPI-deficient cells are present in a low level at diagnosis or emerge after immunosuppressive therapy. GPI-anchored antibodies in ATG/ALG preparations might lead to a relative advantage for pre-existing GPI-deficient cells caused by an escape from the antibody-mediated attack. PMID:19137453

  19. Extended storage of spent fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the final report on the IAEA Co-ordinated Research Programme on the Behaviour of Spent Fuel and Storage Facility Components during Long Term Storage (BEFAST-II, 1986-1991). It contains the results on wet and dry spent fuel storage technologies obtained from 16 organizations representing 13 countries who participated in the co-ordinated research programme. Considerable quantities of spent fuel continue to arise and accumulate. Many countries are investigating the option of extended spent fuel storage prior to reprocessing or fuel disposal. Wet storage continues to predominate as an established technology with the construction of additional away-from-reactor storage pools. However, dry storage is increasingly used with most participants considering dry storage concepts for the longer term. Depending on the cladding type options of dry storage in air or inert gas are proposed. Dry storage is becoming widely used as a supplement to wet storage for zirconium alloy clad oxide fuels. Storage periods as long as under wet conditions appear to be feasible. Dry storage will also continue to be used for Al clad and Magnox type fuel. Enhancement of wet storage capacity will remain an important activity. Rod consolidation to increase wet storage capacity will continue in the UK and is being evaluated for LWR fuel in the USA, and may start in some other countries. High density storage racks have been successfully introduced in many existing pools and are planned for future facilities. For extremely long wet storage (?50 years), there is a need to continue work on fuel integrity investigations and LWR fuel performance modelling. it might be that pool component performance in some cases could be more limiting than the FA storage performance. It is desirable to make concerted efforts in the field of corrosion monitoring and prediction of fuel cladding and poll component behaviour in order to maintain good experience of wet storage. Refs, figs and tabs

  20. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-07-15

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with Phase 1B and encompasses the period April 1, 2004, through June 30, 2004. During this 3-month period, a Request for Proposals (RFP) was made. A total of 17 proposals were submitted to the GSTC. A proposal selection meeting was held June 9-10, 2004 in Morgantown, West Virginia. Of the 17 proposals, 6 were selected for funding.

  1. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-10-18

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with Phase 1B and encompasses the period July 1, 2004, through September 30, 2004. During this time period there were three main activities. First was the ongoing negotiations of the four sub-awards working toward signed contracts with the various organizations involved. Second, an Executive Council meeting was held at Penn State September 9, 2004. And third, the GSTC participated in the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting in Charleston, West Virginia, on September 16th and 17th. We hosted a display booth with the Stripper Well Consortium.

  2. Energy storage connection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedict, Eric L.; Borland, Nicholas P.; Dale, Magdelena; Freeman, Belvin; Kite, Kim A.; Petter, Jeffrey K.; Taylor, Brendan F.

    2012-07-03

    A power system for connecting a variable voltage power source, such as a power controller, with a plurality of energy storage devices, at least two of which have a different initial voltage than the output voltage of the variable voltage power source. The power system includes a controller that increases the output voltage of the variable voltage power source. When such output voltage is substantially equal to the initial voltage of a first one of the energy storage devices, the controller sends a signal that causes a switch to connect the variable voltage power source with the first one of the energy storage devices. The controller then causes the output voltage of the variable voltage power source to continue increasing. When the output voltage is substantially equal to the initial voltage of a second one of the energy storage devices, the controller sends a signal that causes a switch to connect the variable voltage power source with the second one of the energy storage devices.

  3. WWER spent fuel storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selection criteria for PAKS NPP dry storage system are outlined. They include the following: fuel temperature in storage; sub-criticality assurance (avoidance of criticality for fuel in the unirradiated condition without having to take credit for burn-up); assurance of decay heat removal; dose uptake to the operators and public; protection of environment; volume of waste produced during operation and decommissioning; physical protection of stored irradiated fuel assemblies; IAEA safeguards assurance; storage system versus final disposal route; cost of construction and extent of technology transfer to Hungarian industry. Several available systems are evaluated against these criteria, and as a result the GEC ALSTHOM Modular Vault Dry Store (MVDS) system has been selected. The MVDS is a passively cooled dry storage facility. Its most important technical, safety, licensing and technology transfer characteristics are outlined. On the basis of the experience gained some key questions and considerations related to the East European perspective in the field of spent fuel storage are discussed. 8 figs

  4. Technology Roadmap: Energy Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-03-01

    Energy storage technologies are valuable components in most energy systems and could be an important tool in achieving a low-carbon future. These technologies allow for the decoupling of energy supply and demand, in essence providing a valuable resource to system operators. There are many cases where energy storage deployment is competitive or near-competitive in today's energy system. However, regulatory and market conditions are frequently ill-equipped to compensate storage for the suite of services that it can provide. Furthermore, some technologies are still too expensive relative to other competing technologies (e.g. flexible generation and new transmission lines in electricity systems). One of the key goals of this new roadmap is to understand and communicate the value of energy storage to energy system stakeholders. This will include concepts that address the current status of deployment and predicted evolution in the context of current and future energy system needs by using a ''systems perspective'' rather than looking at storage technologies in isolation.

  5. Radioactive waste storage issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the United States we generate greater than 500 million tons of toxic waste per year which pose a threat to human health and the environment. Some of the most toxic of these wastes are those that are radioactively contaminated. This thesis explores the need for permanent disposal facilities to isolate radioactive waste materials that are being stored temporarily, and therefore potentially unsafely, at generating facilities. Because of current controversies involving the interstate transfer of toxic waste, more states are restricting the flow of wastes into - their borders with the resultant outcome of requiring the management (storage and disposal) of wastes generated solely within a state's boundary to remain there. The purpose of this project is to study nuclear waste storage issues and public perceptions of this important matter. Temporary storage at generating facilities is a cause for safety concerns and underscores, the need for the opening of permanent disposal sites. Political controversies and public concern are forcing states to look within their own borders to find solutions to this difficult problem. Permanent disposal or retrievable storage for radioactive waste may become a necessity in the near future in Colorado. Suitable areas that could support - a nuclear storage/disposal site need to be explored to make certain the health, safety and environment of our citizens now, and that of future generations, will be protected

  6. Modificaçoes bioquímicas e físicas em grãos de feijão durante o armazenamento Biochemical and physical modifications of bean seeds during storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiko Enok Sawazaki

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Procurou-se estudar parâmetros químicos e físicos que pudessem avaliar, em três épocas, a qualidade de grãos de feijão durante onze meses de armazenamento, utilizando os cultivares Carioca e Rico 23. Eletroforese das frações globulinas em gel de poliacrilamida com sulfato dodecil sódico (SDS, indicou um aumento no final do número de bandas, porém o fato poderia ser conseqüência de uma maior concentração protéica da amostra, sendo praticamente mantidos durante o estudo os pesos moleculares das subunidades polipeptídicas principais das proteínas G1 e G2, de cerca de 50.000-43.000 e 18.000 respectivamente. As porcentagens de proteína, umidade e açúcar solúvel não sofreram alterações sensíveis, enquanto a de lipídio diminuiu e a de fibra aumentou. O teor de amido também aumentou, provavelmente em vista da maior extratibilidade. O índice de peróxido e o teor de ácidos graxos livres aumentaram, sendo comprovada, por este último, a elevação do índice de acidez. A capacidade de hidratação aumentou inicialmente, permanecendo depois constante, e a porcentagem de sementes com tegumento duro não pareceu sofrer alteração. O comportamento dos dois cultivares foi semelhante.Seeds of dry beans cvs Rico 23 and Carioca, were chemical and physically characterized three times during eleven months of storage. Electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel with SDS of the globulin fraction showed an increase in the number of bands at the third sampling, probably due to a more efficient protein extraction. However, molecular weight of the G1 and G2 subunits were constant, about 50,000 -43,000 and 18,000, respectively. Total protein, soluble sugars and water contents did not change during storage, while fiber increased and lipids decreased. Starch content, as in case of globulin fraction, also increased due to greater extractability. Both free fatty acids content and peroxide value increased, according to the increase of the acidity value. Water absorption capability increased initially and leveled off thereafter. The percentage of seeds with hard coat was not affected by storage. The behaviour of the two cultivars was very similar.

  7. Plutonium storage phenomenology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plutonium has been produced, handled, and stored at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities since the 1940s. Many changes have occurred during the last 40 years in the sources, production demands, and end uses of plutonium. These have resulted in corresponding changes in the isotopic composition as well as the chemical and physical forms of the processed and stored plutonium. Thousands of ordinary food pack tin cans have been used successfully for many years to handle and store plutonium. Other containers have been used with equal success. This paper addressees the exceptions to this satisfactory experience. To aid in understanding the challenges of handling plutonium for storage or immobilization the lessons learned from past storage experience and the necessary countermeasures to improve storage performance are discussed

  8. Retractable storage lug

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inspecting and refueling a nuclear reactor requires the removal and storage of various reactor components until the job is completed. In particular, current practice calls for an indexing fixture to be stored separately from a previously withdrawn plenum assembly. In the present invention the indexing fixture may be stacked directly upon the plenum assembly, thereby resulting in a savings in both floor storage space and downtime. The indexing fixture is equipped with a plurality of rotatable and retractable storage lugs, each equipped with a rotatable and slidable weight-cylinder assembly in coaxial relationship with a pivoted support beam. The weight-cylinder assembly and support beam are connected together by a lockable channel, groove and pin arrangement. Provision is allowed for remote activation of the lug

  9. Evolution of clustered storage

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Van de Vyvre, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    The session actually featured two presentations: * Evolution of clustered storage by Lance Hukill, Quantum Corporation * ALICE DAQ - Usage of a Cluster-File System: Quantum StorNext by Pierre Vande Vyvre, CERN-PH the second one prepared at short notice by Pierre (thanks!) to present how the Quantum technologies are being used in the ALICE experiment. The abstract to Mr Hukill's follows. Clustered Storage is a technology that is driven by business and mission applications. The evolution of Clustered Storage solutions starts first at the alignment between End-users needs and Industry trends: * Push-and-Pull between managing for today versus planning for tomorrow * Breaking down the real business problems to the core applications * Commoditization of clients, servers, and target devices * Interchangeability, Interoperability, Remote Access, Centralized control * Oh, and yes, there is a budget and the "real world" to deal with This presentation will talk through these needs and trends, and then ask the question, ...

  10. Utility spent fuel storage experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Past experience with storage of spent fuel elements in pools are reviewed. Data are presented which demonstrate that stainless and Zircaloy-clad spent light water reactor fuel elements have been stored for periods of 12 to 18 years, respectively, without damage due to storage in pools. Techniques for storing elements damaged in the reactor or in transfer to storage are also described. Routine surveillance and exploratory fuel examinations during storage are recommended. It is recommended that past experiences would justify expansion of fuel storage facilities and extension of storage time for commercial water reactor fuel

  11. Spent-fuel-storage alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    The Spent Fuel Storage Alternatives meeting was a technical forum in which 37 experts from 12 states discussed storage alternatives that are available or are under development. The subject matter was divided into the following five areas: techniques for increasing fuel storage density; dry storage of spent fuel; fuel characterization and conditioning; fuel storage operating experience; and storage and transport economics. Nineteen of the 21 papers which were presented at this meeting are included in this Proceedings. These have been abstracted and indexed. (ATT)

  12. ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA RADUCAN

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper you will find an overview of systems and energy storage techniques and a comparison of the important characteristics of them. Delocalized electricity production and the introduction of variable, fluctuating sources (renewable energy: solar, wind turbines, etc. increase the difficulty of stabilizing the power network, mainly due to a supply-demand imbalance. It is therefore convenient to generate the energy, transmit it, convert it, and then store it if need be. More than ever then, the storage of electrical energy has become a necessity.

  13. Automated nuclear storage facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the plans and design of a medium- to long-term storage facility for source materials, special, and other nuclear materials. This project was identified by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Long Range Planning Group as the key project in establishing a future growth policy for LANL's Special Nuclear Materials (SNM) Park. Several unique features of this facility are discussed in detail. The nuclear material storage facility will be a much needed addition to the nuclear materials complex at LANL. Construction has begun and an anticipated completion data of August 1987 is very possible. Full operation of the facility should begin by early 1988

  14. Nuclear fuel storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method and apparatus for the storage of fuel in a stainless steel egg crate structure within a storage pool are described. Fuel is initially stored in a checkerboard pattern or in each opening if the fuel is of low enrichment. Additional fuel (or fuel of higher enrichment) is later stored by adding stainless steel angled plates within each opening, thereby forming flux traps between the openings. Still higher enrichment fuel is later stored by adding poison plates either with or without the stainless steel angles. 8 claims

  15. Fissionable mass storage device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An apparatus for the safe storage of a plurality of fissionable masses including an array of discrete neutron absorbing shields which utilize the principle of the neutron trap to reduce the multipication factor of the storage array to a subcritical value when immersed in a neutron moderating medium is described. Each discrete neutron absorbing shield is designed to perimetrically encircle each of the stored fissionable masses. Each shield is spaced such that the encircled fissionable mass is spaced from the next adjacent neutron absorbing shield by a distance determined by the enrichment of the fissionable masses and attenuation of the moderating medium

  16. Fissionable mass storage device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An apparatus for the safe storage of a plurality of fissionable masses including an array of discrete neutron absorbing shields which utilizes the principle of the neutron trap to reduce the multiplication factor of the storage array to a subcritical value when immersed in a neutron moderating medium is claimed. Each discrete neutron absorbing shield is designed to perimetrically encircle each of the stored fissionable masses. Each shield is spaced such that the encircled fissionable mass is spaced from the next adjacent neutron absorbing shield by a distance determined by the enrichment of the fissionable masses and attenuation of the moderating medium. 6 claims, 3 drawing figures

  17. Electrochemical energy storage

    CERN Document Server

    Tarascon, Jean-Marie

    2015-01-01

    The electrochemical storage of energy has become essential in assisting the development of electrical transport and use of renewable energies. French researchers have played a key role in this domain but Asia is currently the market leader. Not wanting to see history repeat itself, France created the research network on electrochemical energy storage (RS2E) in 2011. This book discusses the launch of RS2E, its stakeholders, objectives, and integrated structure that assures a continuum between basic research, technological research and industries. Here, the authors will cover the technological

  18. Hydrogen storage materials the characterisation of their storage properties

    CERN Document Server

    Broom, Darren P

    2011-01-01

    How to store hydrogen safely is a major technical obstacle to our future transition to a 'hydrogen economy'. As reversible solid-state storage gains currency as a solution, this book characterizes the hydrogen storage properties of the candidate materials.

  19. NV Energy Electricity Storage Valuation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, James F.; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

    2013-06-30

    This study examines how grid-level electricity storage may benet the operations of NV Energy in 2020, and assesses whether those benets justify the cost of the storage system. In order to determine how grid-level storage might impact NV Energy, an hourly production cost model of the Nevada Balancing Authority (\\BA") as projected for 2020 was built and used for the study. Storage facilities were found to add value primarily by providing reserve. Value provided by the provision of time-of-day shifting was found to be limited. If regulating reserve from storage is valued the same as that from slower ramp rate resources, then it appears that a reciprocating engine generator could provide additional capacity at a lower cost than a pumped storage hydro plant or large storage capacity battery system. In addition, a 25-MW battery storage facility would need to cost $650/kW or less in order to produce a positive Net Present Value (NPV). However, if regulating reserve provided by storage is considered to be more useful to the grid than that from slower ramp rate resources, then a grid-level storage facility may have a positive NPV even at today's storage system capital costs. The value of having storage provide services beyond reserve and time-of-day shifting was not assessed in this study, and was therefore not included in storage cost-benefit calculations.

  20. Muon storage ring

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    The muon storage ring where the g-2 of the muon is being measured with extremely high accuracy. The ring is 14-m in diameter and has very precise magnetic bending and electric focussing fields so that the muons orbit the ring under well-defined conditions.

  1. Inertial storage for satellites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisenhaure, D.

    1984-11-01

    A new system is being developed that performs satellite attitude control, attitude reference, and energy storage utilizing inertia wheels. The baseline approach consists of two counter rotating flywheels suspended in specially designed magnetic bearings, spin axis motor/generators, and a control system. The control system regulates the magnetic bearings and spin axis motor/generators and interacts with other satellite subsystems (photovoltaic array, star trackers, Sun sensors, magnetic torquers, etc.) to perform the three functions. Existing satellites utilize separate subsystems to perform attitude control, provide attitude reference, and store energy. These functions are currently performed using reaction or momentum wheels, gyros, batteries, and devices that provide an absolute reference (Sun sensors and star trackers). A Combined Attitude, Reference, and Energy Storage (CARES) system based on high energy density inertial energy storage wheels (flywheels) has potential advantages over existing technologies. Even when used only for energy storage, this system offers the potential for substantial improvements in life, energy efficiency, and weight over existing battery technologies. Utilizing this same device for both attitude control and attitude reference would result in significant additional savings in overall satellite weight and complexity.

  2. Abstract Storage Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Koenig, Robert; Tessaro, Stefano

    2007-01-01

    A quantum storage device differs radically from a conventional physical storage device. Its state can be set to any value in a certain (infinite) state space, but in general every possible read operation yields only partial information about the stored state. The purpose of this paper is to initiate the study of a combinatorial abstraction, called abstract storage device (ASD), which models deterministic storage devices with the property that only partial information about the state can be read, but that there is a degree of freedom as to which partial information should be retrieved. This concept leads to a number of interesting problems which we address, like the reduction of one device to another device, the equivalence of devices, direct products of devices, as well as the factorization of a device into primitive devices. We prove that every ASD has an equivalent ASD with minimal number of states and of possible read operations. Also, we prove that the reducibility problem for ASD's is NP-complete, that t...

  3. DPM: Future Proof Storage

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarez, Alejandro; Furano, Fabrizio; Hellmich, Martin; Keeble, Oliver; Rocha, Ricardo; CERN. Geneva. IT Department

    2012-01-01

    The Disk Pool Manager (DPM) is a lightweight solution for grid enabled disk storage management. Operated at more than 240 sites it has the widest distribution of all grid storage solutions in the WLCG infrastructure. It provides an easy way to manage and configure disk pools, and exposes multiple interfaces for data access (rfio, xroot, nfs, gridftp and http/dav) and control (srm). During the last year we have been working on providing stable, high performant data access to our storage system using standard protocols, while extending the storage management functionality and adapting both configuration and deployment procedures to reuse commonly used building blocks. In this contribution we cover in detail the extensive evaluation we have performed of our new HTTP/WebDAV and NFS 4.1 frontends, in terms of functionality and performance. We summarize the issues we faced and the solutions we developed to turn them into valid alternatives to the existing grid protocols - namely the additional work required to prov...

  4. Muon storage ring

    CERN Multimedia

    1966-01-01

    The muon storage ring seen from above. Half of the ring is covered with concrete shielding, i.e. where protons ejected from the synchrotron hit a target in the ring aperture. Some Cerenkov counters for the g-2 experiment can be seen.

  5. Tuber storage proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shewry, Peter R

    2003-06-01

    A wide range of plants are grown for their edible tubers, but five species together account for almost 90 % of the total world production. These are potato (Solanum tuberosum), cassava (Manihot esculenta), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatus), yams (Dioscorea spp.) and taro (Colocasia, Cyrtosperma and Xanthosoma spp.). All of these, except cassava, contain groups of storage proteins, but these differ in the biological properties and evolutionary relationships. Thus, patatin from potato exhibits activity as an acylhydrolase and esterase, sporamin from sweet potato is an inhibitor of trypsin, and dioscorin from yam is a carbonic anhydrase. Both sporamin and dioscorin also exhibit antioxidant and radical scavenging activity. Taro differs from the other three crops in that it contains two major types of storage protein: a trypsin inhibitor related to sporamin and a mannose-binding lectin. These characteristics indicate that tuber storage proteins have evolved independently in different species, which contrasts with the highly conserved families of storage proteins present in seeds. Furthermore, all exhibit biological activities which could contribute to resistance to pests, pathogens or abiotic stresses, indicating that they may have dual roles in the tubers. PMID:12730067

  6. Solar Energy: Heat Storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Henry H., III

    This module on heat storage is one of six in a series intended for use as supplements to currently available materials on solar energy and energy conservation. Together with the recommended texts and references (sources are identified), these modules provide an effective introduction to energy conservation and solar energy technologies. The module…

  7. NGLW RCRA Storage Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. J. Waters; R. Ochoa; K. D. Fritz; D. W. Craig

    2000-06-01

    The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning.

  8. Storage ring beam tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Storage ring beam tests since the Second Workshop on RF-Superconductivity (July 1984) are discussed in this report. The experiments are listed in chronological order. Details depend on information given in papers and/or by private communication. 14 references, 22 figures, 5 tables

  9. Interim onsite radwaste storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problems associated with state compacts for disposing of radioactive waste are well known. Presently, it appears that no compact will be capable of receiving waste by January 1996. Most compacts and independent states are essentially at ground zero. Politics, the open-quotes Not in MY backyardclose quotes (NIMBY) factor, poor public relations, public mistrust, public unawareness of engineering radwaste disposal, unfavorable media hype, and a multitude of other issues will delay projects even further. The financial burden imposed on electric utility rate payers is monumental. An economical and viable solution is onsite radwaste storage at nuclear stations. For example, the Bechtel design can store waste for $32/ft3, whereas burial costs per cubic foot are approximately $300.00/ft3 for a LSA box, $350.00/ft3 for low-level resins, and $570.00/ft3 for high-level resins, plus transportation costs of approximately $2.00 per mile. This Bechtel onsite radwaste storage is designed for maximum radwaste storage per square foot. In the overall design, emphasis was placed upon operations, maintenance, health physics, personnel, radiation exposure, and economics. Many utility personnel were consulted for their input. The final design has encompassed most of these views to provide the optimum onsite storage facility

  10. Pneumatic energy storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flowers, D.

    1995-09-19

    An essential component to hybrid electric and electric vehicles is energy storage. A power assist device could also be important to many vehicle applications. This discussion focuses on the use of compressed gas as a system for energy storage and power in vehicle systems. Three possible vehicular applications for which these system could be used are discussed in this paper. These applications are pneumatically driven vehicles, series hybrid electric vehicles, and power boost for electric and conventional vehicles. One option for a compressed gas system is as a long duration power output device for purely pneumatic and hybrid cars. This system must provide enough power and energy to drive under normal conditions for a specified time or distance. The energy storage system for this use has the requirement that it will be highly efficient, compact, and have low mass. Use of a compressed gas energy storage as a short duration, high power output system for conventional motor vehicles could reduce engine size or reduce transient emissions. For electric vehicles this kind of system could lengthen battery life by providing battery load leveling during accelerations. The system requirements for this application are that it be compact and have low mass. The efficiency of the system is a secondary consideration in this application.

  11. GAS SAMPLE STORAGE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives results of a laboratory evaluation to compare the storage stability of selected gases covering a range of compound categories, in three types of containers: glass bulbs and two different polymeric sample bags. The studies indicate that glass bulbs are the best ov...

  12. NGLW RCRA Storage Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning

  13. Phosphonium chloride for thermal storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, J. G.; Heimlich, P. F.; Tepper, E. H.

    1972-01-01

    Development of systems for storage of thermal energy is discussed. Application of phosphonium chloride for heat storage through reversible dissociation is described. Chemical, physical, and thermodynamic properties of phosphonium chloride are analyzed and dangers in using phosphonium chloride are explained.

  14. Radiatioactive Contamination in Storage Vaults

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    Determination of Radioactive Contamination and Conditions for Radioactive Wastes Storage in Interim Storage Ficilities (Vaults) of the Siberian Group of Chemical Enterprises (SGCE) for Substantiation of Measures for Safe Decommissioning of Plutonium-Production Reactors (PUGR)

  15. Underground Storage Tanks in Iowa

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Underground storage tank (UST) sites which store petroleum in Iowa. Includes sites which have been reported to DNR, and have active or removed underground storage...

  16. Carbon Capture and Geologic Storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper will briefly discuss carbon capture and storage options, mechanisms and costs. Risks from geologic storage risks will be addressed and the need for monitoring. Some current field studies will be described.

  17. Hydrogen Storage Technical Team Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-06-01

    The mission of the Hydrogen Storage Technical Team is to accelerate research and innovation that will lead to commercially viable hydrogen-storage technologies that meet the U.S. DRIVE Partnership goals.

  18. Silo Storage Preconceptual Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

    2012-09-01

    The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage option’s primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argon’s design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, “Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study” (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

  19. Entangled Cloud Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ateniese, Giuseppe; Dagdelen, Özgür

    2012-01-01

    Entangled cloud storage enables a set of clients {P_i} to “entangle” their files {f_i} into a single clew c to be stored by a (potentially malicious) cloud provider S. The entanglement makes it impossible to modify or delete significant part of the clew without affecting all files in c. A clew keeps the files in it private but still lets each client P_i recover his own data by interacting with S; no cooperation from other clients is needed. At the same time, the cloud provider is discouraged from altering or overwriting any significant part of c as this will imply that none of the clients can recover their files. We provide theoretical foundations for entangled cloud storage, introducing the notion of an entangled encoding scheme that guarantees strong security requirements capturing the properties above. We also give a concrete construction based on privacy-preserving polynomial interpolation, along with protocols for using the encoding scheme in practice. Protocols for cloud storage find applicationin the cloud setting, where clients store their files on a remote server and need to be ensured that the cloud provider will not delete their data illegitimately. Current solutions, e.g., based on Provable Data Possession and Proof of Retrievability, catch a malicious server “after-the-fact”, meaning that the server needs to be challenged regularly to provide evidence that the clients’ files are stored at a given time. Entangled storage makes all clients equal and with the same rights: It makes it financially inconvenient for a cloud provider to alter specific files and exclude certain “average” customers, since doing so would undermine all customers in the system, even those considered “important” and, thus, profitable. Therefore, entangled storage schemes offer security “before-the-fact”.

  20. Mass storage for microprocessor farms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments in high energy physics require high density and high speed mass storage. Mass storage is needed for data logging during the online data acquisition, data retrieval and storage during the event reconstruction and data manipulation during the physics analysis. This paper examines the storage and speed requirements at the first two stages of the experiments and suggests a possible starting point to deal with the problem. 3 refs., 3 figs

  1. Storage for spherical fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A storage for spherical fuel elements of nuclear reactors is equipped in a way, that the subcriticality of the storage is ensured even after complete discharge of the reactor core. The storage comprises at least one cylindric shaft which, apart from the fuel elements, absorber balls are filled in continuously in a pre-definable mixture ratio. (orig.)

  2. PC-Cluster based Storage System Architecture for Cloud Storage

    CERN Document Server

    Yee, Tin Tin

    2011-01-01

    Design and architecture of cloud storage system plays a vital role in cloud computing infrastructure in order to improve the storage capacity as well as cost effectiveness. Usually cloud storage system provides users to efficient storage space with elasticity feature. One of the challenges of cloud storage system is difficult to balance the providing huge elastic capacity of storage and investment of expensive cost for it. In order to solve this issue in the cloud storage infrastructure, low cost PC cluster based storage server is configured to be activated for large amount of data to provide cloud users. Moreover, one of the contributions of this system is proposed an analytical model using M/M/1 queuing network model, which is modeled on intended architecture to provide better response time, utilization of storage as well as pending time when the system is running. According to the analytical result on experimental testing, the storage can be utilized more than 90% of storage space. In this paper, two parts...

  3. Moving Towards SAN Storage: An Enterprise Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    rabi prasad padhy

    2012-01-01

    Abstract – One of the major components of any enterprise IT infrastructure is data storage. There has been continuous effort to explore new storage technologies to improve performance with respect to input/output operations, data availability, consolidation of storage assets and data protection and archiving. Storage has moved from the traditional Direct Attached Storage (DAS) to Network Attached Storage (NAS) and now to Storage Area Networks (SAN). Traditional storage subsystems like Server ...

  4. Scalable cloud without dedicated storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batkovich, D. V.; Kompaniets, M. V.; Zarochentsev, A. K.

    2015-05-01

    We present a prototype of a scalable computing cloud. It is intended to be deployed on the basis of a cluster without the separate dedicated storage. The dedicated storage is replaced by the distributed software storage. In addition, all cluster nodes are used both as computing nodes and as storage nodes. This solution increases utilization of the cluster resources as well as improves fault tolerance and performance of the distributed storage. Another advantage of this solution is high scalability with a relatively low initial and maintenance cost. The solution is built on the basis of the open source components like OpenStack, CEPH, etc.

  5. Thermal storage for electric utilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swet, C. J.; Masica, W. J.

    1977-01-01

    Applications of the thermal energy storage (TES) principle (storage of sensible heat or latent heat, or heat storage in reversible chemical reactions) in power systems are evaluated. Load leveling behind the meter, load following at conventional thermal power plants, solar thermal power generation, and waste heat utilization are the principal TES applications considered. Specific TES examples discussed include: storage heaters for electric-resistance space heating, air conditioning TES in the form of chilled water or eutectic salt baths, hot water TES, and trans-seasonal storage in heated water in confined aquifers.

  6. PACS and image storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armbrust, Laura J

    2009-07-01

    Storage and retrieval of digital images is an integral component of any digital imaging system. A picture archiving and communication system (PACS) includes hardware and software that allows for display, storage, retrieval, and communication functions. PACS software allows for manipulation of the images to enhance interpretation by way of changes in contrast, brightness, magnification, and measurements, among others. Digital images for medical imaging should be in the digital imaging communications in medicine file format. This specified format allows for interconnectivity between imaging systems from different vendors and is important to ensure appropriate security. A hospital information system or radiology information system can be used to tie the patient record with the digital images in a paperless medical record system. PMID:19531396

  7. Caracterización electroforética de las globulinas del grano fermentado de tres tipos de cacao / ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF GLOBULINS FROM FERMENTED GRAINS OF THREE TYPES OF COCOA / CARACTERIZAÇÃO ELETROFORÉTICA DAS GLOBULINAS DO GRÃO FERMENTADO DE TRES TIPOS DE CACAU

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ligia, Ortiz de Bertorelli; Henry, Maldonado; Pablo, Parra; Lucía, Graziani de Fariñas.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Caracterizaram-se eletroforéticamente as globulinas do grão fermentado dos cacaus tipo crioulo, forasteiro e trinitário da localidade de Cumboto, estado Aragua, Venezuela, para o qual foram colhidas vagens de duas plantas por cada tipo de cacau, na razão de três frutos por planta, nos lotes El Paraí [...] so, La Vega de Santa Cruz e La Isleta. Vagens sãs de cada tipo de cacau foram processadas manualmente para retirada dos grãos e submetidas a um processo de fermentação durante 5 dias. A polpa dos grãos fermentados foi eliminada, e os cotilédones foram secados em uma estufa por 48h a 40°C, seguido de um processo de moenda. As globulinas foram extraídas com solução 0,5M NaCl e analisadas eletroforéticamente por PAGE-SDS unidimensional em gel de placa de poliacrilamida 20%. Os resultados revelaram variações significativas (p Abstract in spanish Se caracterizaron electroforéticamente las globulinas del grano fermentado de los cacaos tipo criollo, forastero y trinitario de la localidad de Cumboto, estado Aragua, Venezuela, para lo cual fueron cosechadas mazorcas de dos plantas por cada tipo de cacao, a razón de tres frutos por planta, en las [...] parcelas El Paraíso, La Vega de Santa Cruz y La Isleta. Mazorcas sanas de cada tipo de cacao fueron desgranadas manualmente y sometidas a un proceso de fermentación durante 5 días. A los granos fermentados se les eliminó la pulpa, y los cotiledones fueron secados en una estufa por 48h a 40ºC, seguido de un proceso de molienda. Las globulinas fueron extraídas con solución 0,5M NaCl y analizadas electroforéticamente por PAGE-SDS unidimensional en gel de placa de poliacrilamida 20%. Los resultados revelaron variaciones significativas (p Abstract in english The globulins of the fermented grain of the criollo, forastero and trinitario cocoa types in the Cumboto area, Aragua state, Venezuela were characterized by electrophoresis. Pods from two plants, three fruits per plant, were harvested for each type of cocoa in El Paraíso, La Vega de Santa Cruz and L [...] a Isleta parcels. Healthy pods corresponding to each type of cocoa were manually flailed and underwent a fermentation process for a period of five days. The pulp was removed from the fermented grains, and the cotiledons were dried in an oven for 48h at 40ºC. This was followed by a grinding process. The globulins were extracted using 0.5M NaCl and were analyzed by unidimensional PAGE-SDS electrophoresis in a 20% poliacrilamide plate gel. The results revealed significant variations (p

  8. Fuel performance in water storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company operates the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) for the Department of Energy (DOE). A variety of different types of fuels have been stored there since the 1950's prior to reprocessing for uranium recovery. In April of 1992, the DOE decided to end fuel reprocessing, changing the mission at ICPP. Fuel integrity in storage is now viewed as long term until final disposition is defined and implemented. Thus, the condition of fuel and storage equipment is being closely monitored and evaluated to ensure continued safe storage. There are four main areas of fuel storage at ICPP: an original underwater storage facility (CPP-603), a modern underwater storage facility (CPP-666), and two dry fuel storage facilities. The fuels in storage are from the US Navy, DOE (and its predecessors the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Atomic Energy Commission), and other research programs. Fuel matrices include uranium oxide, hydride, carbide, metal, and alloy fuels. In the underwater storage basins, fuels are clad with stainless steel, zirconium, and aluminum. Also included in the basin inventory is canned scrap material. The dry fuel storage contains primarily graphite and aluminum type fuels. A total of 55 different fuel types are currently stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. The corrosion resistance of the barrier material is of primary concern in evaluating the integrity of the fuel in long term water storage. The barrier material is either the fuel cladding (if not canned) or the can material

  9. Dry storage of Magnox fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work, commissioned by the CEGB, studies the feasibility of a combination of short-term pond storage and long-term dry storage of Magnox spent fuel as a cheaper alternative to reprocessing. Storage would be either at the reactor site or a central site. Two designs are considered, based on existing design work done by GEC-ESL and NNC; the capsule design developed by NNC and with storage in passive vaults for up to 100 yrs and the GEC-ESL tube design developed at Wylfa for the interim storage of LWR. For the long-term storage of Magnox spent fuel the GEC-ESL tubed vault all-dry storage method is recommended and specifications for this method are given. (U.K.)

  10. ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    ELENA RADUCAN; LUMINITA MORARU

    2011-01-01

    In this paper you will find an overview of systems and energy storage techniques and a comparison of the important characteristics of them. Delocalized electricity production and the introduction of variable, fluctuating sources (renewable energy: solar, wind turbines, etc.) increase the difficulty of stabilizing the power network, mainly due to a supply-demand imbalance. It is therefore convenient to generate the energy, transmit it, convert it, and then store it if need be. More than ever t...

  11. Energy Storage Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercer, Carolyn R.; Jankovsky, Amy L.; Reid, Concha M.; Miller, Thomas B.; Hoberecht, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program funded the Energy Storage Project to develop battery and fuel cell technology to meet the expected energy storage needs of the Constellation Program for human exploration. Technology needs were determined by architecture studies and risk assessments conducted by the Constellation Program, focused on a mission for a long-duration lunar outpost. Critical energy storage needs were identified as batteries for EVA suits, surface mobility systems, and a lander ascent stage; fuel cells for the lander and mobility systems; and a regenerative fuel cell for surface power. To address these needs, the Energy Storage Project developed advanced lithium-ion battery technology, targeting cell-level safety and very high specific energy and energy density. Key accomplishments include the development of silicon composite anodes, lithiated-mixed-metal-oxide cathodes, low-flammability electrolytes, and cell-incorporated safety devices that promise to substantially improve battery performance while providing a high level of safety. The project also developed "non-flow-through" proton-exchange-membrane fuel cell stacks. The primary advantage of this technology set is the reduction of ancillary parts in the balance-of-plant--fewer pumps, separators and related components should result in fewer failure modes and hence a higher probability of achieving very reliable operation, and reduced parasitic power losses enable smaller reactant tanks and therefore systems with lower mass and volume. Key accomplishments include the fabrication and testing of several robust, small-scale nonflow-through fuel cell stacks that have demonstrated proof-of-concept. This report summarizes the project s goals, objectives, technical accomplishments, and risk assessments. A bibliography spanning the life of the project is also included.

  12. Storage ring group summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Storage Ring Group set out to identify and pursue salient problems in accelerator physics for heavy ion fusion, divorced from any particular reference design concept. However, it became apparent that some basic parameter framework was required to correlate the different study topics. As the Workshop progressed, ring parameters were modified and updated. Consequently, the accompanying papers on individual topics will be found to refer to slightly varied parameters, according to the stage at which the different problems were tackled

  13. Chemical energy storage

    CERN Document Server

    Schlögl, Robert; Antonietti, Markus; Arndt, Sebastian; Behrens, Malte; Bill, Eckhard; Brandner, Armin; Centi, Gabriele; Claus, Peter; Cox, Nicholas; DeBeer, Serena; DeMartini, Nikolai; Doblhofer, Karl; Franzke, Thomas; Freund, Hans-Joachim; Gastel, Maurice; Grunwaldt, Jan-Dierk; Hofmann, Gerhard; Hupa, Mikko; Kähler, Kevin; Kunkes, Edward; Loosdrecht, Jan; Lubitz, Wolfgang; Maier, Joachim; Menzel, Dietrich; Muhler, Martin; Murzin, Dmitry Yu; Neese, Frank; Niemantsverdriet, J W (Hans); Nilius, Niklas; Palkovits, Regina; Pantazis, Dimitrios A; Perathoner, Siglinda; Petrenko, Taras; Rossmeisl, Jan; Samuelis, Dominik; Schlögl, Robert; Schomäcker, Reinhard; Schüth, Ferdi; Shaikhutdinov, Shamil; Sterrer, Martin; Strasser, Peter; Trunschke, Annette; Wright, William R H; Ye, Shengfa

    2012-01-01

    Energy - in the headlines, discussed controversially, vital. The use of regenerative energy in many primary forms leads to the necessity to store grid dimensions for maintaining continuous supply and enabling the replacement of fossil fuel systems. This work provides a hands-on insight into the present status of energy conversion and deals with aspects of chemical energy storage considering the geosphere, electrochemistry, catalysis, synthesis of catalysts, functional analysis of catalytic processes and the interface between electrochemistry and heterogeneous catalysis.

  14. Muon Storage Rings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blondel, A. [LPNHE Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)

    1999-06-01

    Muon storage rings are reviewed in an introductory manner. The physics opportunities are exciting. The technical difficulties are considerable, but can be spread over three step scenario. First a neutrino factory would make definitive experiments on neutrino oscillations; then several generations of precision muon colliders could explore the spectrum of particles associated with electroweak symmetry breaking or supersymmetry; finally high energy lepton collisions could be envisaged. (author) 32 refs, 10 figs, 1 tab

  15. Muon Storage Rings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muon storage rings are reviewed in an introductory manner. The physics opportunities are exciting. The technical difficulties are considerable, but can be spread over three step scenario. First a neutrino factory would make definitive experiments on neutrino oscillations; then several generations of precision muon colliders could explore the spectrum of particles associated with electroweak symmetry breaking or supersymmetry; finally high energy lepton collisions could be envisaged. (author)

  16. Flexible Secure Cloud Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Graf, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Our life without Internet-based services is hard to imagine: We search for information with Google, share thoughts on Facebook, buy at Amazon and store our pictures on Flickr. Many of these Internet-based services focus on easy exchange of information, providing comfortable and ubiquitous storage and sharing. Relieved from hardware purchases, software bug fixes and infrastructure maintenance, users as well as companies use these cloud-based stores either for free or at low-cost. The price is ...

  17. Linear storage projector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of a radiographic apparatus for manipulating a quantity of radioactive material between a stored position and a use position including a capsule of said radioactive material, a storage unit with means defining a passage through it, for storing the capsule in the passage and shielding the surrounding environment from the stored radioactive material, and manipulating means connectible to said storage unit at a first end of said passage for moving said capsule between a stored position within the passage and a use position outside the second end of said passage, the improvement comprising: a shutter mounted on said storage unit for slidng movement transverse to the second end of said passage between first and second limits, said shutter in said first limit blocking said second end, said shutter having a hole through it which registers with said passage when the shutter is in said second limit, shutter-retaining means associated with said passage means adjacent said second end and resilient means cooperating with said retaining means and said storage unit for urging said retaining means to project an end-part toward said shutter, means in said shutter for receiving said end-part when said shutter is in said second limit and thereby retaining said hole in register with said passage, and means coupled to said capsule for pulling said retaining means away from said shutter against the action of said resilient means under control of said manipulating means for withdrawing said end-part from said receiving means and thereby permitting said shutter to move toward said first limit

  18. Magnesium for Hydrogen Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Allan Schrøder; Kjøller, John; Larsen, B.; Vigeholm, B.

    1983-01-01

    A study of the hydrogenation characteristics of fine magnesium powder during repeated cycling has been performed using a high-pressure microbalance facility. No effect was found from the cycling regarding kinetics and storage capacity. The reaction rate of the absorption process was fast at temperatures around 600 K and above, but the reversed reaction showed somewhat slower kinetics around 600 K. At higher temperatures the opposite was found. The enthalpy and entropy change by the hydrogenation...

  19. Tuber Storage Proteins

    OpenAIRE

    Peter R. Shewry

    2003-01-01

    A wide range of plants are grown for their edible tubers, but five species together account for almost 90 % of the total world production. These are potato (Solanum tuberosum), cassava (Manihot esculenta), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatus), yams (Dioscorea spp.) and taro (Colocasia, Cyrtosperma and Xanthosoma spp.). All of these, except cassava, contain groups of storage proteins, but these differ in the biological properties and evolutionary relationships. Thus, patatin from potato exhibits act...

  20. DPM: Future Proof Storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Disk Pool Manager (DPM) is a lightweight solution for grid enabled disk storage management. Operated at more than 240 sites it has the widest distribution of all grid storage solutions in the WLCG infrastructure. It provides an easy way to manage and configure disk pools, and exposes multiple interfaces for data access (rfio, xroot, nfs, gridftp and http/dav) and control (srm). During the last year we have been working on providing stable, high performant data access to our storage system using standard protocols, while extending the storage management functionality and adapting both configuration and deployment procedures to reuse commonly used building blocks. In this contribution we cover in detail the extensive evaluation we have performed of our new HTTP/WebDAV and NFS 4.1 frontends, in terms of functionality and performance. We summarize the issues we faced and the solutions we developed to turn them into valid alternatives to the existing grid protocols - namely the additional work required to provide multi-stream transfers for high performance wide area access, support for third party copies, credential delegation or the required changes in the experiment and fabric management frameworks and tools. We describe new functionality that has been added to ease system administration, such as different filesystem weights and a faster disk drain, and new configuration and monitoring solutions based on the industry standards Puppet and Nagios. Finally, we explain some of the internal changes we had to do in the DPM architecture to better handle the additional load from the analysis use cases.

  1. SASE FEL Storage Ring

    CERN Document Server

    Dattoli, G; Petralia, A; Rau, J V

    2012-01-01

    We explore the possibility of operating a SASE FEL with a Storage Ring. We use a semi-analytical model to obtain the evolution inside the undulator by taking into account the interplay on the laser dynamics due to the induced energy spread and to the radiation damping. We obtain the Renieri's limit for the stationary output power and discuss the possibility of including in our model the effect of the beam instabilities.

  2. Holographic content addressable storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Tien-Hsin; Lu, Thomas; Reyes, George

    2015-03-01

    We have developed a Holographic Content Addressable Storage (HCAS) architecture. The HCAS systems consists of a DMD (Digital Micromirror Array) as the input Spatial Light Modulator (SLM), a CMOS (Complementary Metal-oxide Semiconductor) sensor as the output photodetector and a photorefractive crystal as the recording media. The HCAS system is capable of performing optical correlation of an input image/feature against massive reference data set stored in the holographic memory. Detailed system analysis will be reported in this paper.

  3. Maui energy storage study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Karlson, Benjamin

    2012-12-01

    This report investigates strategies to mitigate anticipated wind energy curtailment on Maui, with a focus on grid-level energy storage technology. The study team developed an hourly production cost model of the Maui Electric Company (MECO) system, with an expected 72 MW of wind generation and 15 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation in 2015, and used this model to investigate strategies that mitigate wind energy curtailment. It was found that storage projects can reduce both wind curtailment and the annual cost of producing power, and can do so in a cost-effective manner. Most of the savings achieved in these scenarios are not from replacing constant-cost diesel-fired generation with wind generation. Instead, the savings are achieved by the more efficient operation of the conventional units of the system. Using additional storage for spinning reserve enables the system to decrease the amount of spinning reserve provided by single-cycle units. This decreases the amount of generation from these units, which are often operated at their least efficient point (at minimum load). At the same time, the amount of spinning reserve from the efficient combined-cycle units also decreases, allowing these units to operate at higher, more efficient levels.

  4. Linear capacity storage devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The linearity of information storage in capacitor storage circuits is discussed. The paper describes two storage circuits whose operation is linear over a wide range of output-signal amplitudes. In one of the circuits the error signal is measured by a differential amplifier and, thanks to the high amplification factor of the amplifier, good linearity is obtained. The second circuit was designed for work in the nanosecond pulse-width range. Input pulses of standard width cut off a pentode, in the anode of which there is a memory capacitor. Since the capacitor is charged from the anode supply through a current generator, the charging current remains almost constant during measurement of the capacitor voltage. The pentode has a large internal resistance so that after the end of the input pulse the magnitude of the current through the pentode is almost equal to its initial value, and the charge stored by the capacitor is remembered. The width of the information memory is limited by the output resistance of the current generator and the internal resistance (Ri) of the pentode. To increase the memory width, a diode may be inserted before the capacitor. (author)

  5. Mass storage at NSA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Michael F.

    1993-01-01

    The need to manage large amounts of data on robotically controlled devices has been critical to the mission of this Agency for many years. In many respects this Agency has helped pioneer, with their industry counterparts, the development of a number of products long before these systems became commercially available. Numerous attempts have been made to field both robotically controlled tape and optical disk technology and systems to satisfy our tertiary storage needs. Custom developed products were architected, designed, and developed without vendor partners over the past two decades to field workable systems to handle our ever increasing storage requirements. Many of the attendees of this symposium are familiar with some of the older products, such as: the Braegen Automated Tape Libraries (ATL's), the IBM 3850, the Ampex TeraStore, just to name a few. In addition, we embarked on an in-house development of a shared disk input/output support processor to manage our every increasing tape storage needs. For all intents and purposes, this system was a file server by current definitions which used CDC Cyber computers as the control processors. It served us well and was just recently removed from production usage.

  6. JAERI storage ring JSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A design study for a next generation 8 GeV synchrotron radiation facility is in progress in Japan, and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) have join forces in this project. A compact electron storage ring JSR has been under construction in the linac building in the Tokai Research Establishment of JAERI to serve for studies of various kind of accelerator technologies, examination of insertion devices and beam monitors, and training of young researchers. This paper describes the lattice design, injection system, magnets, vacuum system, RF system, control system and beam monitors and presents some operation results regarding the electron beam injection and storage. The JSR is presently in good condition concerning it's fundamental functions such as injection, storage at around 150 MeV and 300 MeV, and acceleration from 150 MeV and 300 MeV. Photon induced gas desorption is still large because the vacuum chamber has not been aged heavily by synchrotron radiation. (N.K.)

  7. Holographic Optical Data Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timucin, Dogan A.; Downie, John D.; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Although the basic idea may be traced back to the earlier X-ray diffraction studies of Sir W. L. Bragg, the holographic method as we know it was invented by D. Gabor in 1948 as a two-step lensless imaging technique to enhance the resolution of electron microscopy, for which he received the 1971 Nobel Prize in physics. The distinctive feature of holography is the recording of the object phase variations that carry the depth information, which is lost in conventional photography where only the intensity (= squared amplitude) distribution of an object is captured. Since all photosensitive media necessarily respond to the intensity incident upon them, an ingenious way had to be found to convert object phase into intensity variations, and Gabor achieved this by introducing a coherent reference wave along with the object wave during exposure. Gabor's in-line recording scheme, however, required the object in question to be largely transmissive, and could provide only marginal image quality due to unwanted terms simultaneously reconstructed along with the desired wavefront. Further handicapped by the lack of a strong coherent light source, optical holography thus seemed fated to remain just another scientific curiosity, until the field was revolutionized in the early 1960s by some major breakthroughs: the proposition and demonstration of the laser principle, the introduction of off-axis holography, and the invention of volume holography. Consequently, the remainder of that decade saw an exponential growth in research on theory, practice, and applications of holography. Today, holography not only boasts a wide variety of scientific and technical applications (e.g., holographic interferometry for strain, vibration, and flow analysis, microscopy and high-resolution imagery, imaging through distorting media, optical interconnects, holographic optical elements, optical neural networks, three-dimensional displays, data storage, etc.), but has become a prominent am advertising, and security medium as well. The evolution of holographic optical memories has followed a path not altogether different from holography itself, with several cycles of alternating interest over the past four decades. P. J. van Heerden is widely credited for being the first to elucidate the principles behind holographic data storage in a 1963 paper, predicting bit storage densities on the order of 1/lambda(sup 3) with source wavelength lambda - a fantastic capacity of nearly 1 TB/cu cm for visible light! The science and engineering of such a storage paradigm was heavily pursued thereafter, resulting in many novel hologram multiplexing techniques for dense data storage, as well as important advances in holographic recording materials. Ultimately, however, the lack of such enabling technologies as compact laser sources and high performance optical data I/O devices dampened the hopes for the development of a commercial product. After a period of relative dormancy, successful applications of holography in other arenas sparked a renewed interest in holographic data storage in the late 1980s and the early 1990s. Currently, with most of the critical optoelectronic device technologies in place and the quest for an ideal holographic recording medium intensified, holography is once again considered as one of several future data storage paradigms that may answer our constantly growing need for higher-capacity and faster-access memories.

  8. Storage Management and Data Acquisition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kavya Bhat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise storage is the computer data storage designed for large-scale, high-technology environments of the modern enterprises which is very time efficient where in stored data can be accessed in less time. When comparing to the consumer storage, it has higher scalability, higher reliability and better fault tolerance. As well, criticality of data varies between enterprises. Challenges faced in current scenario to store big data are in terms of cost, data loss, efficiency while accessing data, maintaining consistency of data and many more. In order to provide better storage solution and data management, the proposed solution came up with platform of Workflow Automation (WFA. WFA is an active management tool which directly allocates storage on storage server based on client request. It depends on a data source i.e., OnCommand Unified Manager (OCUM to monitor the storage components. OCUM acts as a passive reporting tool, which polls all the storage data at different time stamps. The monitored data includes parameters and attributes of storage component like corrupted disk data, normal disk data or may be some lack of storage space. WFA has cache based intelligence and it acquires only relevant data of context from OCUM. Based on this acquired cache data, WFA can provide better storage solutions and data management by which it takes care of conditions like maintaining health of storage and takes appropriate actions like migrating data, replacing corrupted disk etc., The acquired cache data can be queried by filter/ finders to select storage component as a resource on which data is stored. The results of which will work on selective resource, to execute specific task of interest using workflows. Query results return the count of storage components and related information to verify consistency and no data loss from any storage resource. Hence the proposed solution helps in performance tuning of big data storage solutions in terms of data access time, reliability, efficiency, data consistency and security. It reduces the cost of managing storage, enables adherence to best practices for storage processes.

  9. Terrestrial Energy Storage SPS Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandhorst, Henry W., Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Terrestrial energy storage systems for the SSP system were evaluated that could maintain the 1.2 GW power level during periods of brief outages from the solar powered satellite (SPS). Short-term outages of ten minutes and long-term outages up to four hours have been identified as "typical" cases where the ground-based energy storage system would be required to supply power to the grid. These brief interruptions in transmission could result from performing maintenance on the solar power satellite or from safety considerations necessitating the power beam be turned off. For example, one situation would be to allow for the safe passage of airplanes through the space occupied by the beam. Under these conditions, the energy storage system needs to be capable of storing 200 MW-hrs and 4.8 GW-hrs, respectively. The types of energy storage systems to be considered include compressed air energy storage, inertial energy storage, electrochemical energy storage, superconducting magnetic energy storage, and pumped hydro energy storage. For each of these technologies, the state-of-the-art in terms of energy and power densities were identified as well as the potential for scaling to the size systems required by the SSP system. Other issues addressed included the performance, life expectancy, cost, and necessary infrastructure and site locations for the various storage technologies.

  10. Característica leucocitária, relação albumina/globulina, proteína plasmática e fibrinogênio de bovinos da raça Nelore, confinados e terminados a pasto / Leukocyte characteristic, albumin/globulin relation, plasmatic protein and fibrinogen of bovines of the Nelore race confined and grazing

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ediane Batista da, Silva; Maria Clorinda Soares, Fioravanti; Luiz Antônio Franco da, Silva; Eugênio Gonçalves de, Araújo; Liliana Borges de, Menezes; Marina Pacheco, Miguel; Dirson, Vieira.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho avaliou as mudanças na contagem de leucócitos e algumas proteínas séricas de bovinos confinados e terminados a pasto. De 120 amostras sangüíneas coletadas, 60 foram obtidas de bovinos Nelores machos confinados e 60 de animais com as mesmas características, porém manejados extensivament [...] e. As amostras foram obtidas por ocasião do abate desses animais. Os parâmetros estudados foram contagem de leucócitos, razão albumina/globulina e concentração de fibrinogênio plasmático. Na análise dos dados empregou-se estatística descritiva, obtendo-se as médias, desvio padrão e coeficiente de variação para todos as variáveis avaliadas e posteriormente comparou-se as médias por meio de teste não-paramétrico. Os bovinos terminados a pasto apresentaram maior nível de globulina e fibrinogênio (P>0,05) quando comparados com os confinados (globulina: pastejo=3,29g dL-1 0,76; confinamento 2,99g dL-1±0,60 e Fibrinogênio: pastejo=872mg dL-1±610; confinamento=633mg dL-1±319). O número de leucócitos total foi de 7,64±2,15 em bovinos confinados e de 7,72±1,84 nos terminados a pasto. Não houve diferença (P>0,05) entre essa variável e a contagem diferencial de leucócitos bem como na proteína sérica total (g dL-1) dos bovinos terminados a pasto (6,10±0,53) e dos confinados (5,96±0,49). O nível de albumina dos bovinos confinados (3,01g dL-1±0,43) e a razão A/G (1,07±8,91) foram maiores quando comparados com os bovinos terminados a pasto (2,82g dL-1±0,45) e (0,95±0,38) respectivamente. O nível mais elevado de albumina nos bovinos confinados sugere que eles foram submetidos a uma dieta nutricional mais adequada. O constante desafio imunológico sofrido pelos animais terminados a pasto pode ter sido responsável pelo elevado nível de globulina e fibrinogênio. Esses resultados indicaram que, apesar das adversidades que os bovinos confinados são submetidos, eles não apresentaram alterações correlacionadas com esse fato. Abstract in english This research aimed to evaluate the changes in the white blood cell count and some serum proteins of confined cattle (CC) and grass cattle (GC). From the 120 blood samples collected, 60 were obtained from confined Nelore male bovines and 60 from animals with the same characteristics but managed exte [...] nsively. Samples were obtained at the moment of slaughter. Parameters studied were the white blood cell count, serum albumin/globulin ratio and concentration of plasma fibrinogen. Descriptive statistics was used in the analysis of the data, and the averages, standard deviation and coefficient of variation calculated for all parameters evaluated. The comparisons between averages were made by non-parametric test. The grazing cattle showed higher levels of globulin and fibrinogen when compared to the confined ones (globulin: GC=3.29g dL-1±0.76; CC=2.99g dL-1±0.60 and Fibrinogen: GC=872mg dL-1±610; CC=633mg dL-1±319). The total number of white blood cells mL-1 was 7.64±2.15 in confined cattle and 7.72±1.84 in grazing cattle. There was no significant difference between this variable and differential white blood cell count as well as the total serum protein (g dL-1) from grazing cattle (6.10±0.53) and confined cattle (5.96±0.49). The level of albumin from confined cattle (3.01g dL-1± 0.43) and the A/G ratio (1.07±8.91) were greater when compared to the grazing bovines (2.82g dL-1±0.45) and (0.95±0.38) respectively. The higher serum levels of albumin found in confined herd suggest that they were subjected to a more adequate nutritional diet. The constant immunological challenge suffered by the GC could be responsible for the elevated serum levels of globulin and fibrinogen. These results showed that although feedlots present a stressful environment they did not show any blood alterations correlated to this fact.

  11. Característica leucocitária, relação albumina/globulina, proteína plasmática e fibrinogênio de bovinos da raça Nelore, confinados e terminados a pasto Leukocyte characteristic, albumin/globulin relation, plasmatic protein and fibrinogen of bovines of the Nelore race confined and grazing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediane Batista da Silva

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho avaliou as mudanças na contagem de leucócitos e algumas proteínas séricas de bovinos confinados e terminados a pasto. De 120 amostras sangüíneas coletadas, 60 foram obtidas de bovinos Nelores machos confinados e 60 de animais com as mesmas características, porém manejados extensivamente. As amostras foram obtidas por ocasião do abate desses animais. Os parâmetros estudados foram contagem de leucócitos, razão albumina/globulina e concentração de fibrinogênio plasmático. Na análise dos dados empregou-se estatística descritiva, obtendo-se as médias, desvio padrão e coeficiente de variação para todos as variáveis avaliadas e posteriormente comparou-se as médias por meio de teste não-paramétrico. Os bovinos terminados a pasto apresentaram maior nível de globulina e fibrinogênio (P>0,05 quando comparados com os confinados (globulina: pastejo=3,29g dL-1 0,76; confinamento 2,99g dL-1±0,60 e Fibrinogênio: pastejo=872mg dL-1±610; confinamento=633mg dL-1±319. O número de leucócitos total foi de 7,64±2,15 em bovinos confinados e de 7,72±1,84 nos terminados a pasto. Não houve diferença (P>0,05 entre essa variável e a contagem diferencial de leucócitos bem como na proteína sérica total (g dL-1 dos bovinos terminados a pasto (6,10±0,53 e dos confinados (5,96±0,49. O nível de albumina dos bovinos confinados (3,01g dL-1±0,43 e a razão A/G (1,07±8,91 foram maiores quando comparados com os bovinos terminados a pasto (2,82g dL-1±0,45 e (0,95±0,38 respectivamente. O nível mais elevado de albumina nos bovinos confinados sugere que eles foram submetidos a uma dieta nutricional mais adequada. O constante desafio imunológico sofrido pelos animais terminados a pasto pode ter sido responsável pelo elevado nível de globulina e fibrinogênio. Esses resultados indicaram que, apesar das adversidades que os bovinos confinados são submetidos, eles não apresentaram alterações correlacionadas com esse fato.This research aimed to evaluate the changes in the white blood cell count and some serum proteins of confined cattle (CC and grass cattle (GC. From the 120 blood samples collected, 60 were obtained from confined Nelore male bovines and 60 from animals with the same characteristics but managed extensively. Samples were obtained at the moment of slaughter. Parameters studied were the white blood cell count, serum albumin/globulin ratio and concentration of plasma fibrinogen. Descriptive statistics was used in the analysis of the data, and the averages, standard deviation and coefficient of variation calculated for all parameters evaluated. The comparisons between averages were made by non-parametric test. The grazing cattle showed higher levels of globulin and fibrinogen when compared to the confined ones (globulin: GC=3.29g dL-1±0.76; CC=2.99g dL-1±0.60 and Fibrinogen: GC=872mg dL-1±610; CC=633mg dL-1±319. The total number of white blood cells mL-1 was 7.64±2.15 in confined cattle and 7.72±1.84 in grazing cattle. There was no significant difference between this variable and differential white blood cell count as well as the total serum protein (g dL-1 from grazing cattle (6.10±0.53 and confined cattle (5.96±0.49. The level of albumin from confined cattle (3.01g dL-1± 0.43 and the A/G ratio (1.07±8.91 were greater when compared to the grazing bovines (2.82g dL-1±0.45 and (0.95±0.38 respectively. The higher serum levels of albumin found in confined herd suggest that they were subjected to a more adequate nutritional diet. The constant immunological challenge suffered by the GC could be responsible for the elevated serum levels of globulin and fibrinogen. These results showed that although feedlots present a stressful environment they did not show any blood alterations correlated to this fact.

  12. Physical mapping of four serpin genes: [alpha][sub 1]-antitrypsin, [alpha][sub 1]-antichymotrypsin, corticosteroid-binding globulin, and protein C inhibitor, within a 280-kb region on chromosome 14q32. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Billingsley, G.D.; Cox, D.W. (Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada)); Walter, M.A. (Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, Ontario (Canada)); Hammond, G.L. (Univ. of Western Ontario, London (Canada))

    1993-02-01

    Alpha[sub 1]-antitrypsin ([alpha]1AT; protease inhibitor [PI] locus), [alpha][sub 1]-antichymotrypsin ([alpha]1ACT; AACT locus), corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG; CBG locus), and protein C inhibitor (PCI; PCI locus) are members of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily. A noncoding PI-like (PIL) gene has been located 12 kb 3[prime] of the PI gene. The PI, PIL, and AACT loci have been localized to 14q32.1, the CBG locus has been localized to 14q31-14q32.1, and PCI has been mapped to chromosome 14. Genetic linkage analysis suggests tight linkage between PI and AACT. The authors have used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to generate a physical map linking these five serpin genes. The order of the genetic loci is AACT/PCI-PI-PIL-CBG, with a maximum distance of about 220 kb between the AACT/PCI and PI genes. These genes form a PI cluster at 14q32.1, similar to that of the homologous genes on murine chromosome 12. The close proximity of these genes has implications for disease-association studies. 44 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Net biosynthesis of Antithrombin III by the isolated rat liver perfused for 12--24 hours. Compared with rat fibrinogen and. cap alpha. -2 (acute phase) globulin, Antithrombin III is not an acute phase protein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owens, M.R.; Miller, L.L.

    1978-01-01

    Antithrombin III- heparin cofactor has been isolated from normal rat plasma, purified to homogeniety on acrylamide gel electrophoresis and used to prepare a monospecific antiserum in rabbits. Measurements of rat AT-III were made by a single radial immunodiffusion assay. Net synthesis of AT-III was investigated during 12 or 24 hour perfusions of the isolated rat liver. In perfusions performed under basal conditions cumulative synthesis of AT-III was observed to occur at a rate sufficient to replace the total circulating plasma AT-III in about 6 hours. In perfusions performed under full supplementation conditions which greatly enhanced synthesis of fibrinogen and ..cap alpha..-2 (acute phase) globulin (known acute phase reactant proteins) net synthesis of AT-III was not significantly greater than that observed in control perfusions. Although these prolonged perfusion studies conclusively demonstrate net synthesis of AT-III by the isolated rat liver, they afford no evidence that this protein is an acute phase reactant.

  14. Improving wind power quality with energy storage

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, Claus Nygaard

    2009-01-01

    The results of simulation of the influence of energy storage on wind power quality are presented. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of wind power at all times...

  15. Combining wind power with energy storage

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, Claus Nygaard

    2009-01-01

    The results from simulation of the influence of energy storage on the general quality of wind energy are presented here. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of ...

  16. Improving wind power quality with energy storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus Nygaard

    2009-01-01

    The results of simulation of the influence of energy storage on wind power quality are presented. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of wind power at all times, b...

  17. Probe-based data storage

    CERN Document Server

    Koelmans, Wabe W; Abelmann, L

    2015-01-01

    Probe-based data storage attracted many researchers from academia and industry, resulting in unprecendeted high data-density demonstrations. This topical review gives a comprehensive overview of the main contributions that led to the major accomplishments in probe-based data storage. The most investigated technologies are reviewed: topographic, phase-change, magnetic, ferroelectric and atomic and molecular storage. Also, the positioning of probes and recording media, the cantilever arrays and parallel readout of the arrays of cantilevers are discussed. This overview serves two purposes. First, it provides an overview for new researchers entering the field of probe storage, as probe storage seems to be the only way to achieve data storage at atomic densities. Secondly, there is an enormous wealth of invaluable findings that can also be applied to many other fields of nanoscale research such as probe-based nanolithography, 3D nanopatterning, solid-state memory technologies and ultrafast probe microscopy.

  18. Energy Storage System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    SatCon Technology Corporation developed the drive train for use in the Chrysler Corporation's Patriot Mark II, which includes the Flywheel Energy Storage (FES) system. In Chrysler's experimental hybrid- electric car, the hybrid drive train uses an advanced turboalternator that generates electricity by burning a fuel; a powerful, compact electric motor; and a FES that eliminates the need for conventional batteries. The FES system incorporates technology SatCon developed in more than 30 projects with seven NASA centers, mostly for FES systems for spacecraft attitude control and momentum recovery. SatCon will continue to develop the technology with Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

  19. Entangled Cloud Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ateniese, Giuseppe; Dagdelen, Özgür; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Venturi, Daniele

    2012-01-01

    Entangled cloud storage enables a set of clients {P_i} to “entangle” their files {f_i} into a single clew c to be stored by a (potentially malicious) cloud provider S. The entanglement makes it impossible to modify or delete significant part of the clew without affecting all files in c. A clew keeps the files in it private but still lets each client P_i recover his own data by interacting with S; no cooperation from other clients is needed. At the same time, the cloud provider is discouraged fro...

  20. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joel Morrison; Elizabeth Wood; Barbara Robuck

    2010-09-30

    The EMS Energy Institute at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) has managed the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC) since its inception in 2003. The GSTC infrastructure provided a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. The GSTC received base funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Oil & Natural Gas Supply Program. The GSTC base funds were highly leveraged with industry funding for individual projects. Since its inception, the GSTC has engaged 67 members. The GSTC membership base was diverse, coming from 19 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada. The membership was comprised of natural gas storage field operators, service companies, industry consultants, industry trade organizations, and academia. The GSTC organized and hosted a total of 18 meetings since 2003. Of these, 8 meetings were held to review, discuss, and select proposals submitted for funding consideration. The GSTC reviewed a total of 75 proposals and committed co-funding to support 31 industry-driven projects. The GSTC committed co-funding to 41.3% of the proposals that it received and reviewed. The 31 projects had a total project value of $6,203,071 of which the GSTC committed $3,205,978 in co-funding. The committed GSTC project funding represented an average program cost share of 51.7%. Project applicants provided an average program cost share of 48.3%. In addition to the GSTC co-funding, the consortium provided the domestic natural gas storage industry with a technology transfer and outreach infrastructure. The technology transfer and outreach were conducted by having project mentoring teams and a GSTC website, and by working closely with the Pipeline Research Council International (PRCI) to jointly host technology transfer meetings and occasional field excursions. A total of 15 technology transfer/strategic planning workshops were held.

  1. Regulated underground storage tanks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guidance package is designed to assist DOE Field operations by providing thorough guidance on the underground storage tank (UST) regulations. [40 CFR 280]. The guidance uses tables, flowcharts, and checklists to provide a ''roadmap'' for DOE staff who are responsible for supervising UST operations. This package is tailored to address the issues facing DOE facilities. DOE staff should use this guidance as: An overview of the regulations for UST installation and operation; a comprehensive step-by-step guidance for the process of owning and operating an UST, from installation to closure; and a quick, ready-reference guide for any specific topic concerning UST ownership or operation

  2. Interim storage study report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rawlins, J.K.

    1998-02-01

    High-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) in the form of calcine and liquid and liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) will be processed to provide a stable waste form and prepare the waste to be transported to a permanent repository. Because a permanent repository will not be available when the waste is processed, the waste must be stored at ICPP in an Interim Storage Facility (ISF). This report documents consideration of an ISF for each of the waste processing options under consideration.

  3. SALES, STORAGE AND SALVAGE

    CERN Multimedia

    Division SPL, groupe logistique; A. Notar

    2000-01-01

    From 3 January 2000 there will be a security barrier in front of the storage-recycling area in bldg 133, which will be accessible only to authorised staff and contractors.You are reminded that the equipment delivered to this area must be unpolluted and non-radioactive. The cost of recycling the equipment will be debited to the budget code of the Division concerned, with the prior approval of the Group Leader.Reminder relating to equipment salesThe Sales Section is open on Thursdays from 13.30 to 15.00 hours only.SPL DivisionLogistics GroupA. Notari

  4. TEXT Energy Storage System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Texas Experimental Tokamak (TEXT) Enery Storage System, designed by the Center for Electromechanics (CEM), consists of four 50 MJ, 125 V homopolar generators and their auxiliaries and is designed to power the toroidal and poloidal field coils of TEXT on a two-minute duty cycle. The four 50 MJ generators connected in series were chosen because they represent the minimum cost configuration and also represent a minimal scale up from the successful 5.0 MJ homopolar generator designed, built, and operated by the CEM

  5. Interim storage report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) in the form of calcine and liquid and liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) will be processed to provide a stable waste form and prepare the waste to be transported to a permanent repository. Because a permanent repository will not be available when the waste is processed, the waste must be stored at ICPP in an Interim Storage Facility (ISF). This report documents consideration of an ISF for each of the waste processing options under consideration

  6. Nuclear fuel storage arrangement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An arrangement is disclosed for the storage of nuclear reactor fuel assemblies having a section wherein fuel is present and a section wherein fuel is not present. The fuel assemblies are placed in a plurality of elongated cells which are joined together to form a cellular structure. The fuel assemblies are placed within the cells at different elevations so that the fuel-containing section of one fuel assembly is next to the non-fuel-containing sections of each fuel assembly surrounding the first fuel assembly. The vertical staggering of the fuel-containing sections achieves space reductions while maintaining the stored fuel in a subcritical assemblage. 12 claims, 10 figures

  7. Materials for hydrogen storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Züttel

    2003-09-01

    The goal is to pack hydrogen as close as possible, i.e. to reach the highest volumetric density by using as little additional material as possible. Hydrogen storage implies the reduction of an enormous volume of hydrogen gas. At ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, 1 kg of the gas has a volume of 11 m3. To increase hydrogen density, work must either be applied to compress the gas, the temperature decreased below the critical temperature, or the repulsion reduced by the interaction of hydrogen with another material.

  8. Storage and conservation of bagasse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cusi, D.S.

    1980-08-01

    Storage of bagasse produced at harvest time becomes necessary when it is used for operations that are carried out continuously throughout the year, such as pulp and paper production. The sugar cane tissues suffer severe mechanical treatment in the sugar mills crushers, are further damaged in depithers and in many cases degraded while in storage. The processes of degradation are examined and handling and storage procedures are discussed which will minimize the quality and material losses.

  9. IAEA spent fuel storage glossary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this glossary is to provide a basis for improved international understanding of terms used in the important area of spent fuel storage technology. The glossary is the product of an IAEA Consultant Group with valuable input from a substantial list of reviewers. The glossary emphasizes fuel storage relevant to power reactors, but is also widely applicable to research reactors. The intention is to define terms from current technologies. Terms are limited to those directly related to spent fuel storage

  10. Storage Phosphors for Medical Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Willems; Dirk Vandenbroucke; Paul Leblans

    2011-01-01

    Computed radiography (CR) uses storage phosphor imaging plates for digital imaging. Absorbed X-ray energy is stored in crystal defects. In read-out the energy is set free as blue photons upon optical stimulation. In the 35 years of CR history, several storage phosphor families were investigated and developed. An explanation is given as to why some materials made it to the commercial stage, while others did not. The photo stimulated luminescence mechanism of the current commercial storage phos...

  11. Article for thermal energy storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

    2000-06-27

    A thermal energy storage composition is provided which is in the form of a gel. The composition includes a phase change material and silica particles, where the phase change material may comprise a linear alkyl hydrocarbon, water/urea, or water. The thermal energy storage composition has a high thermal conductivity, high thermal energy storage, and may be used in a variety of applications such as in thermal shipping containers and gel packs.

  12. Chit-based Remote Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Paluska, Justin Mazzola; Stephen A. Ward

    2010-01-01

    We propose a model for reliable remote storage founded on contract law. Consumers submit their bits to storage providers in exchange for a chit. A chit is a cryptographically secure, verifiable contract between a consumer and the storage provider. A user can use the chit to request the bits from the provider. In return, the provider must be able to supply the chit's bits to the user according to the terms of the chit. If the storage provider cannot supply the bits, then the provider must pay ...

  13. Bulk storage of hydrogen systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venter, R.D.; Pucher, G.; Boyes, A. [Toronto Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1994-12-31

    A synopsis of some existing and potential methods of bulk hydrogen storage were presented, including liquid, salt cavern and depleted natural gas (NG) reservoir storage. These were examined within the context of a case study of a particular geographic and industrial region, namely southwestern Ontario. Reviews of some of the area`s geological features, apparently favourable for underground hydrogen storage systems development, and the hydrogen economy of the city of Sarnia, were featured. A cost model was developed to evaluate potential industrial hydrogen storage system scenarios within the region. 5 tabs., 4 figs.

  14. The Petascale Data Storage Institute

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, Garth [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Long, Darrell [The Regents of the University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States); Honeyman, Peter [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Grider, Gary [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kramer, William [National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Berkeley, CA (United States); Shalf, John [National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Berkeley, CA (United States); Roth, Philip [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Felix, Evan [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Ward, Lee [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Petascale computing infrastructures for scientific discovery make petascale demands on information storage capacity, performance, concurrency, reliability, availability, and manageability.The Petascale Data Storage Institute focuses on the data storage problems found in petascale scientific computing environments, with special attention to community issues such as interoperability, community buy-in, and shared tools.The Petascale Data Storage Institute is a collaboration between researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of Michigan, and the University of California at Santa Cruz.

  15. Advanced spent fuel storage pools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Spent fuel from Power Reactors is currently stored either in at-reactor pools or in independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSI) using wet or dry storage technology. During the past 15 years, storage capacity of at reactor pools was increased using high density spent fuel storage technology. To achieve maximum capacity, storage racks were replaced in many of the power reactors in operation at least once, some of them went through even various reracking cycles. Independent spent fuel storage installations were established either at the site of power reactors of away from them. They use either storage pools or dry technology, the latter in form of metal casks and concrete silos or vaults. Storage of spent fuel from power reactors must be safe for the public and must protect the environment from its radioactive content. For this purpose, adequate regulation was developed and is available to be applied. However, advances in fuel and core design as well the need for extended storage periods require frequent re-assessment of the available spent fuel storage technology. Improved fuel utilization leads to elevated burn-up resulting in higher heat generation of the spent fuel in the longer term. Also spent MOX fuel generates considerable more heat than spent uranium fuel unloaded from the power reactors 15 years ago. As most of the mechanisms which could endanger fuel integrity are temperature dependent, effective heat removal is one of the challenges spent fuel storage systems have to face. In order to make most efficient use out of high density storage equipment, designer want to take credit from the actual burn-up of the spent fuel. Existing methodology to analyze burn-up credited spent fuel storage racks for criticality safety is being further developed to be applied in the design of dual-purpose casks or multi-purpose-canisters. For poisoned high density storage equipment, long term stability of the material as well as efficient neutron absorption is required. Degrading absorbers which contaminate the coolant of fuel pools and primary circuits and fuel assemblies getting stuck in swollen storage cells are well known problems which already caused considerable headaches to many operators and still continue to do so. Although limited in boron content, borated stainless steel has extensively proved as sufficiently effective and extremely stable neutron poison material. Over and above the basic requirements for maximum safety for operators and the public, logistic in fuel reception is an important aspect to be addressed with the design of independent spent fuel storage facilities. The aspect to keep the operators exposure to radiation as low as reasonably achievable requires expeditious reception of spent fuel and its transfer to the dedicated storage location. Independent wet storage facilities are known for many years to comply best with most of the expectations as described above. However, the assumption to need active cooling systems and to generate secondary waste had caused vendors and users to look favorably at dry storage systems. Despite the remarkable development achieved in dry storage technology, most of the spent fuel generated up to now is stored in fuel pools, either at the reactors or in independent installations. One of the latest achievements in wet storage technology is used in Framatome-ANP's wet storage facility design as currently being performed for the new spent fuel pool building to be constructed at the Goesgen Nuclear Power Station in Switzerland. The advanced design of this independent spent fuel storage facility provides a passive cooling system which reliably removes the heat generated by the spent fuel by natural circulation through air cooled heat exchangers. This progressive design makes extensive use of well balanced safety technology with largely passive safety features developed for Framatome-ANP's Boiling Water Reactor SWR1000. Clearly designed to enable the enforcement of strict foreign material exclusion strategies and state of the art pool water purification equipment red

  16. Welding Plutonium Storage Containers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The outer can welder (OCW) in the FB-Line Facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is a Gas Tungsten Arc Weld (GTAW) system used to create outer canisters compliant with the Department of Energy 3013 Standard, DOE-STD-3013-2000, Stabilization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Materials. The key welding parameters controlled and monitored on the outer can welder Data Acquisition System (DAS) are weld amperage, weld voltage, and weld rotational speed. Inner 3013 canisters from the Bagless Transfer System that contain plutonium metal or plutonium oxide are placed inside an outer 3013 canister. The canister is back-filled with helium and welded using the outer can welder. The completed weld is screened to determine if it is satisfactory by reviewing the OCW DAS key welding parameters, performing a helium leak check, performing a visual examination by a qualified weld inspector, and performing digital radiography of the completed weld. Canisters with unsatisfactory welds are cut open and repackaged. Canisters with satisfactory welds are deemed compliant with the 3013 standard for long-term storage

  17. Spent fuel interim storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The official inauguration of the spent fuel interim storage took place on Monday July 28, 2003 at Cernavoda NNP. The inaugural event was attended by local and central public authority representatives, a Canadian Government delegation as well as newsmen from local and central mass media and numerous specialists from Cernavoda NPP compound. Mr Andrei Grigorescu, State Secretary with the Economy and Commerce Ministry, underlined in his talk the importance of this objective for the continuous development of nuclear power in Romania as well as for Romania's complying with the EU practice in this field. Also the excellent collaboration between the Canadian contractor AECL and the Romanian partners Nuclear Montaj, CITON, UTI, General Concret in the accomplishment of this unit at the planned terms and costs. On behalf of Canadian delegation, spoke Minister Don Boudria. He underlined the importance which the Canadian Government affords to the cooperation with Romania aiming at specific objectives in the field of nuclear power such as the Cernavoda NPP Unit 2 and spent fuel interim storage. After traditional cutting of the inaugural ribbon by the two Ministers the festivities continued on the Cernavoda NPP Compound with undersigning the documents regarding the project completion and a press conference

  18. Flywheel energy storage workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O`Kain, D.; Carmack, J. [comps.

    1995-12-31

    Since the November 1993 Flywheel Workshop, there has been a major surge of interest in Flywheel Energy Storage. Numerous flywheel programs have been funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), by the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Hybrid Vehicle Program, and by private investment. Several new prototype systems have been built and are being tested. The operational performance characteristics of flywheel energy storage are being recognized as attractive for a number of potential applications. Programs are underway to develop flywheels for cars, buses, boats, trains, satellites, and for electric utility applications such as power quality, uninterruptible power supplies, and load leveling. With the tremendous amount of flywheel activity during the last two years, this workshop should again provide an excellent opportunity for presentation of new information. This workshop is jointly sponsored by ARPA and DOE to provide a review of the status of current flywheel programs and to provide a forum for presentation of new flywheel technology. Technology areas of interest include flywheel applications, flywheel systems, design, materials, fabrication, assembly, safety & containment, ball bearings, magnetic bearings, motor/generators, power electronics, mounting systems, test procedures, and systems integration. Information from the workshop will help guide ARPA & DOE planning for future flywheel programs. This document is comprised of detailed viewgraphs.

  19. Carbon capture and storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carbon capture and storage (CCS) covers a broad range of technologies that are being developed to allow carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel use at large point sources to be transported to safe geological storage, rather than being emitted to the atmosphere. Some key enabling contributions from technology development that could help to facilitate the widespread commercial deployment of CCS are expected to include cost reductions for CO2 capture technology and improved techniques for monitoring stored CO2. It is important, however, to realise that CCS will always require additional energy compared to projects without CCS, so will not be used unless project operators see an appropriate value for reducing CO2 emissions from their operations or legislation is introduced that requires CCS to be used. Possible key advances for CO2 capture technology over the next 50 years, which are expected to arise from an eventual adoption of CCS as standard practice for all large stationary fossil fuel installations, are also identified. These include continued incremental improvements (e.g. many potential solvent developments) as well as possible step-changes, such as ion transfer membranes for oxygen production for integrated gasifier combined cycle and oxyfuel plants

  20. Optical information storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woike, T. [Koeln Univ., Inst. fuer Kristallography, Koeln (Germany)

    1996-11-01

    In order to increase storage capacity and data transfer velocity by about three orders of magnitude compared to CD or magnetic disc it is necessary to work with optical techniques, especially with holography. About 100 TByte can be stored in a waver of an area of 50 cm{sup 2} via holograms which corresponds to a density of 2.10{sup 9} Byte/mm{sup 2}. Every hologram contains data of 1 MByte, so that parallel-processing is possible for read-out. Using high-speed CCD-arrays a read-out velocity of 1 MByte/{mu}sec can be reached. Further, holographic technics are very important in solid state physics. We will discuss the existence of a space charge field in Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} doped with cerium and the physical properties of metastable states, which are suited for information storage. (author) 19 figs., 9 refs.

  1. Underground storage tank program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Underground storage tanks, UST'S, have become a major component of the Louisville District's Environmental Support Program. The District's Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering Branch has spear-headed an innovative effort to streamline the time, effort and expense for removal, replacement, upgrade and associated cleanup of USTs at military and civil work installations. This program, called Yank-A-Tank, creates generic state-wide contracts for removal, remediation, installation and upgrade of storage tanks for which individual delivery orders are written under the basic contract. The idea is to create a ''JOC type'' contract containing all the components of work necessary to remove, reinstall or upgrade an underground or above ground tank. The contract documents contain a set of generic specifications and unit price books in addition to the standard ''boiler plate'' information. Each contract requires conformance to the specific regulations for the state in which it is issued. The contractor's bid consists of a bid factor which in the multiplier used with the prices in the unit price book. The solicitation is issued as a Request for Proposal (RPP) which allows the government to select a contractor based on technical qualification an well as bid factor. Once the basic contract is awarded individual delivery orders addressing specific areas of work are scoped, negotiated and awarded an modifications to the original contract. The delivery orders utilize the prepriced components and the contractor's factor to determine the value of the work

  2. Lysosomal lipid storage diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Heike; Sandhoff, Konrad

    2011-06-01

    Lysosomal lipid storage diseases, or lipidoses, are inherited metabolic disorders in which typically lipids accumulate in cells and tissues. Complex lipids, such as glycosphingolipids, are constitutively degraded within the endolysosomal system by soluble hydrolytic enzymes with the help of lipid binding proteins in a sequential manner. Because of a functionally impaired hydrolase or auxiliary protein, their lipid substrates cannot be degraded, accumulate in the lysosome, and slowly spread to other intracellular membranes. In Niemann-Pick type C disease, cholesterol transport is impaired and unesterified cholesterol accumulates in the late endosome. In most lysosomal lipid storage diseases, the accumulation of one or few lipids leads to the coprecipitation of other hydrophobic substances in the endolysosomal system, such as lipids and proteins, causing a "traffic jam." This can impair lysosomal function, such as delivery of nutrients through the endolysosomal system, leading to a state of cellular starvation. Therapeutic approaches are currently restricted to mild forms of diseases with significant residual catabolic activities and without brain involvement. PMID:21502308

  3. Electrochemical hydrogen Storage Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. Digby Macdonald

    2010-08-09

    As the global need for energy increases, scientists and engineers have found a possible solution by using hydrogen to power our world. Although hydrogen can be combusted as a fuel, it is considered an energy carrier for use in fuel cells wherein it is consumed (oxidized) without the production of greenhouse gases and produces electrical energy with high efficiency. Chemical storage of hydrogen involves release of hydrogen in a controlled manner from materials in which the hydrogen is covalently bound. Sodium borohydride and aminoborane are two materials given consideration as chemical hydrogen storage materials by the US Department of Energy. A very significant barrier to adoption of these materials as hydrogen carriers is their regeneration from 'spent fuel,' i.e., the material remaining after discharge of hydrogen. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage, and this work stems from that project. The DOE has identified boron hydrides as being the main compounds of interest as hydrogen storage materials. The various boron hydrides are then oxidized to release their hydrogen, thereby forming a 'spent fuel' in the form of a lower boron hydride or even a boron oxide. The ultimate goal of this project is to take the oxidized boron hydrides as the spent fuel and hydrogenate them back to their original form so they can be used again as a fuel. Thus this research is essentially a boron hydride recycling project. In this report, research directed at regeneration of sodium borohydride and aminoborane is described. For sodium borohydride, electrochemical reduction of boric acid and sodium metaborate (representing spent fuel) in alkaline, aqueous solution has been investigated. Similarly to literature reports (primarily patents), a variety of cathode materials were tried in these experiments. Additionally, approaches directed at overcoming electrostatic repulsion of borate anion from the cathode, not described in the previous literature for electrochemical reduction of spent fuels, have been attempted. A quantitative analytical method for measuring the concentration of sodium borohydride in alkaline aqueous solution has been developed as part of this work and is described herein. Finally, findings from stability tests for sodium borohydride in aqueous solutions of several different compositions are reported. For aminoborane, other research institutes have developed regeneration schemes involving tributyltin hydride. In this report, electrochemical reduction experiments attempting to regenerate tributyltin hydride from tributyltin chloride (a representative by-product of the regeneration scheme) are described. These experiments were performed in the non-aqueous solvents acetonitrile and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. A non-aqueous reference electrode for electrolysis experiments in acetonitrile was developed and is described. One class of boron hydrides, called polyhedral boranes, became of interest to the DOE due to their ability to contain a sufficient amount of hydrogen to meet program goals and because of their physical and chemical safety attributes. Unfortunately, the research performed here has shown that polyhedral boranes do not react in such a way as to allow enough hydrogen to be released, nor do they appear to undergo hydrogenation from the spent fuel form back to the original hydride. After the polyhedral boranes were investigated, the project goals remained the same but the hydrogen storage material was switched by the DOE to ammonia borane. Ammonia borane was found to undergo an irreversible hydrogen release process, so a direct hydrogenation was not able to occur. To achieve the hydrogenation of the spent ammonia borane fuel, an indirect hydrogenation reaction is possible by using compounds called organotin hydrides. In this process, the organotin hydrides will hydrogenate the spent ammonia borane fuel at the cost of their own oxidation, which forms organotin halides. To enable a closed-loop cycle, our task was then to be able to hydrogenate the organoti

  4. Electrochemical hydrogen Storage Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the global need for energy increases, scientists and engineers have found a possible solution by using hydrogen to power our world. Although hydrogen can be combusted as a fuel, it is considered an energy carrier for use in fuel cells wherein it is consumed (oxidized) without the production of greenhouse gases and produces electrical energy with high efficiency. Chemical storage of hydrogen involves release of hydrogen in a controlled manner from materials in which the hydrogen is covalently bound. Sodium borohydride and aminoborane are two materials given consideration as chemical hydrogen storage materials by the US Department of Energy. A very significant barrier to adoption of these materials as hydrogen carriers is their regeneration from 'spent fuel,' i.e., the material remaining after discharge of hydrogen. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage, and this work stems from that project. The DOE has identified boron hydrides as being the main compounds of interest as hydrogen storage materials. The various boron hydrides are then oxidized to release their hydrogen, thereby forming a 'spent fuel' in the form of a lower boron hydride or even a boron oxide. The ultimate goal of this project is to take the oxidized boron hydrides as the spent fuel and hydrogenate them back to their original form so they can be used again as a fuel. Thus this research is essentially a boron hydride recycling project. In this report, research directed at regeneration of sodium borohydride and aminoborane is described. For sodium borohydride, electrochemical reduction of boric acid and sodium metaborate (representing spent fuel) in alkaline, aqueous solution has been investigated. Similarly to literature reports (primarily patents), a variety of cathode materials were tried in these experiments. Additionally, approaches directed at overcoming electrostatic repulsion of borate anion from the cathode, not described in the previous literature for electrochemical reduction of spent fuels, have been attempted. A quantitative analytical method for measuring the concentration of sodium borohydride in alkaline aqueous solution has been developed as part of this work and is described herein. Finally, findings from stability tests for sodium borohydride in aqueous solutions of several different compositions are reported. For aminoborane, other research institutes have developed regeneration schemes involving tributyltin hydride. In this report, electrochemical reduction experiments attempting to regenerate tributyltin hydride from tributyltin chloride (a representative by-product of the regeneration scheme) are described. These experiments were performed in the non-aqueous solvents acetonitrile and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. A non-aqueous reference electrode for electrolysis experiments in acetonitrile was developed and is described. One class of boron hydrides, called polyhedral boranes, became of interest to the DOE due to their ability to contain a sufficient amount of hydrogen to meet program goals and because of their physical and chemical safety attributes. Unfortunately, the research performed here has shown that polyhedral boranes do not react in such a way as to allow enough hydrogen to be released, nor do they appear to undergo hydrogenation from the spent fuel form back to the original hydride. After the polyhedral boranes were investigated, the project goals remained the same but the hydrogen storage material was switched by the DOE to ammonia borane. Ammonia borane was found to undergo an irreversible hydrogen release process, so a direct hydrogenation was not able to occur. To achieve the hydrogenation of the spent ammonia borane fuel, an indirect hydrogenation reaction is possible by using compounds called organotin hydrides. In this process, the organotin hydrides will hydrogenate the spent ammonia borane fuel at the cost of their own oxidation, which forms organotin halides. To enable a closed-loop cycle, our task was then to be able to hydrogenate the organotin halides back to th

  5. A review of pumped energy storage schemes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The comparative advantages and costs of pumped water storage, steam accumulators, storage of boiler feedwater , and compressed air storage in caverns are described. Boiler feedwater storage in caverns and pumped water storage are most economical. All systems are costly enough to justify developing reactors with load following capabilities. (E.C.B.)

  6. Spent fuel storage - dry storage options and issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increase in the number of nuclear energy power generation facilities will require the ability to store the spent nuclear fuel for a long period until the host countries develop reprocessing or disposal options. Plants have storage pools which are closely associated with the operating units. These are excellent for short term storage, but require active maintenance and operations support which are not desirable for the long term. Over the past 25 years, dry storage options have been developed and implemented throughout the world. In recent years, protection against terrorist attack has become an increasing source of design objectives for these facilities, as well as the main nuclear plant. This paper explores the current design options of dry storage cask systems and examines some of the current design issues for above ground , in-ground, or below-ground storage of spent fuel in dry casks. (author)

  7. Licensing of spent fuel dry storage and consolidated rod storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of this study, performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), respond to the nuclear industry's recommendation that a report be prepared that collects and describes the licensing issues (and their resolutions) that confront a new applicant requesting approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for dry storage of spent fuel or for large-scale storage of consolidated spent fuel rods in pools. The issues are identified in comments, questions, and requests from the NRC during its review of applicants' submittals. Included in the report are discussions of (1) the 18 topical reports on cask and module designs for dry storage fuel that have been submitted to the NRC, (2) the three license applications for dry storage of spent fuel at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs) that have been submitted to the NRC, and (3) the three applications (one of which was later withdrawn) for large-scale storage of consolidated fuel rods in existing spent fuel storage pools at reactors that were submitted tot he NRC. For each of the applications submitted, examples of some of the issues (and suggestions for their resolutions) are described. The issues and their resolutions are also covered in detail in an example in each of the three subject areas: (1) the application for the CASTOR V/21 dry spent fuel storage cask, (2) the application for the ISFSI for dry storage of spent fuel at Surry, and (3) the application for full-scale wet storage of consolidated spent fuel at Millstone-2. The conclusions in the report include examples of major issues that applicants have encountered. Recommendations for future applicants to follow are listed. 401 refs., 26 tabs

  8. High Temperature Aquifer Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueckert, Martina; Niessner, Reinhard; Baumann, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    Combined heat and power generation (CHP) is highly efficient because excess heat is used for heating and/or process energy. However, the demand of heat energy varies considerably throughout the year while the demand for electrical energy is rather constant. It seems economically and ecologically highly beneficial for municipalities and large power consumers such as manufacturing plants to store excess heat in groundwater aquifers and to recuperate this energy at times of higher demand. Apart from the hydrogeological conditions, high transmissivity and favorable pressure gradients, the hydrochemical conditions are crucial for long-term operation. Within the project High Temperature Aquifer Storage, scientists investigate storage and recuperation of excess heat energy into the bavarian Malm aquifer. After one year of planning, construction, and the successful drilling of a research well to 495 m b.s.l. the first large scale heat storage test in the Malm aquifer was finished just before Christmas 2014. An enormous technical challenge was the disruption of the carbonate equilibrium - modeling results indicated a carbonate precipitation of 10-50 kg/d in the heat exchangers. The test included five injection pulses of hot water (60 °C up to 110 °C) and four tracer pulses, each consisting of a reactive and a conservative fluorescent dye. Injection and production rates were 15 L/s. About 4 TJ of heat energy were necessary to achieve the desired water temperatures. Electrical conductivity, pH and temperature were recorded at a bypass where also samples were taken. A laboratory container at the drilling site was equipped for the analysis of the concentration of the tracers and the cation concentrations at sampling intervals of down to 15 minutes. Additional water samples were taken and analyzed for major ions and trace elements in the laboratory. The disassembled heat exchanger proved that precipitation was successfully prevented by adding CO2 to the water before heating. Energy recovery during the first pulses was above 35 % and rising. As a side effect of the extremely good hydraulic conditions, the research well was flowing freely with 20 L/s which resulted in a significant mixing of the injected water with formation waters during production. The recovery rates for the tracers were above 60 % depending on the type of tracer.

  9. Electrochemistry and Storage Panel Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stedman, J. K.; Halpert, G.

    1984-01-01

    Design and performance requirements for electrochemical power storage systems are discussed and some of the approaches towards satisfying these constraints are described. Geosynchronous and low Earth orbit applications, radar type load constraints, and high voltage systems requirements are addressed. In addition, flywheel energy storage is discussed.

  10. SEED ARCHIVE AND STORAGE FACILITIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugar beet seed storage facilities were updated, and seed is stored at 4C and 25% relative humidity. Over 15,000 packages of seed have been moved into the new storage facility. We used results from field scale germination studies to discard over 3,500 seedlots that showed no emergence. Current seed ...

  11. Type I Glycogen Storage Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and kidneys, and possibly a genetic test or liver biopsy. How is type I glycogen storage disease treated? ... child’s dietary needs and restrictions. Who is at risk for type I glycogen storage disease? GSD I is an inherited ... Copyright 2015 American Liver Foundation. All Rights Reserved. The American Liver Foundation ...

  12. Study of mined storage caverns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All available information concerning 75 mined storage caverns as well as the investigative techniques utilized to determine the feasibility of a cavern site is presented. Potential new storage caverns may be for products such as high or low vapor pressure petroleum products, other chemical products, aid industrial or nuclear waste

  13. SOURCE ASSESSMENT: COAL STORAGE PILES

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report describes a study of atmospheric emissions from coal storage piles. Fugitive emissions of dust and gases are emitted from coal storage piles. The average emission factor for respirable particulate (< 7 micrometer) is 6.4 mg/kg per annum; this factor describes the emis...

  14. Hydrogen storage: beyond conventional methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalebrook, Andrew F; Gan, Weijia; Grasemann, Martin; Moret, Séverine; Laurenczy, Gábor

    2013-10-01

    The efficient storage of hydrogen is one of three major hurdles towards a potential hydrogen economy. This report begins with conventional storage methods for hydrogen and broadly covers new technology, ranging from physical media involving solid adsorbents, to chemical materials including metal hydrides, ammonia borane and liquid precursors such as alcohols and formic acid. PMID:23964360

  15. Hydrogen storage in capillary arrays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed the technology of hydrogen storage in capillary arrays, and we present the corresponding theoretical background. The technology can be effectively used for safe transportation and storage of highly pressurized hydrogen in mobile systems, ranging from domestic electronic devices to ground and sea vehicles

  16. Storage envelopes or sleeves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A storage envelope or sleeve particularly for processed X-ray films is described. It consists of front and back panels joined together at a hinge line and connected along the intermediate sides by connecting flaps. An inner pocket is formed from a third flap which is folded to lie against the inner face of the back panel. The panels may have additional score lines parallel to the closed sides of the envelope and the inner pocket so that the envelope and the inner pocket can accommodate bulky contents. The free edge of the pocket is inset from the open side of the envelope, and finger cut-outs may be provided to facilitate access to the contents of the envelope and the pocket. (author)

  17. Saskatchewan PCB storage regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulatory requirements in Saskatchewan for PCB storage, transportation, and waste treatment/disposal were reviewed, and the present situation with respect to treatment of PCB wastes was briefly sketched. In essence, all high level PCB wastes are stored in expectation of the completion of disposal trials at the Swan Hills facility in Alberta. There is one fixed facility in the province for treating low level PCB-contaminated mineral oil. There are also some mobile facilities for low level PCB wastes. These facilities are allowed to accept for treatment low level PCB-contaminated materials generated outside the province, provided that the requisite capacity is available, and provided that first priority is given to wastes generated within the province. Success with protecting the environment has been good to date; current legislation is used effectively, and no additional legislation is being planned in the near future

  18. Reversible hydrogen storage materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, James A. (Lexington, SC); Wang, Tao (Columbia, SC); Ebner, Armin D. (Lexington, SC); Holland, Charles E. (Cayce, SC)

    2012-04-10

    In accordance with the present disclosure, a process for synthesis of a complex hydride material for hydrogen storage is provided. The process includes mixing a borohydride with at least one additive agent and at least one catalyst and heating the mixture at a temperature of less than about 600.degree. C. and a pressure of H.sub.2 gas to form a complex hydride material. The complex hydride material comprises MAl.sub.xB.sub.yH.sub.z, wherein M is an alkali metal or group IIA metal, Al is the element aluminum, x is any number from 0 to 1, B is the element boron, y is a number from 0 to 13, and z is a number from 4 to 57 with the additive agent and catalyst still being present. The complex hydride material is capable of cyclic dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation and has a hydrogen capacity of at least about 4 weight percent.

  19. Final storage in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Federal Republic of Germany, the concept of final storage of radioactive waste in deep geologic formations is being pursued. It is given shape in the planning activities for the two repository projects, Konrad and Gorleben. The Konrad mine is to serve as a repository for waste making a negligible thermal impact on the host rock. The Gorleben salt dome is to accommodate all kinds of solid and solidified wastes, i.e. also waste generating sizable amounts of heat. The Morsleben repository has been added since German unification in October 1990; it has been used as a disposal site for low and medium-level radioactive waste with minor contents of alpha-emitters since 1981. (orig./HP)

  20. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage systems can store energy in a superconducting coil that has been cryogenically cooled to a temperature well below its superconducting critical temperature. Despite the fact that superconducting DC current is in the heart of the SMES device concept, an AC losses occurring during energy charge and discharge in the superconducting conductor are sources of energy dissipation and system instability. The refrigeration requirements for NbTi, MgB2 and YBa2Cu3O7 superconductor-based SMES coils operating at temperatures of 4.2 K, 20 K and 77 K respectively will be presented and also projected link to hydrogen-based economy will be discussed. (author)

  1. Anthology of dry storage solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Around 35,000 PWR, BWR or Veer used fuel elements with various enrichment value up to 5%, various cooling time down to 2 years and various burn-ups up to 60,000 Mwd/tU are currently stored in AREVA dry storage solutions. These solutions are delivered in the United States, in Japan and in many European countries like Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Armenia and Germany. With more than 1000 dry storage solutions delivered all over the world AREVA is the leader on this market. Dealing with dry storage is not an easy task. Products have to be flexible, to be adapted to customer needs and to the national regulations which may stipulate very strict tests such as airplane crash or simulation of earthquake. To develop a dry storage solution for a foreign country means to deal with its national competent authorities. All the national competent authorities do not have the same requirements. Storage conditions may also be different

  2. Anthology of dry storage solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allimann, Nathalie; Otton, Camille [AREVA, Paris (France)

    2012-03-15

    Around 35,000 PWR, BWR or Veer used fuel elements with various enrichment value up to 5%, various cooling time down to 2 years and various burn-ups up to 60,000 Mwd/tU are currently stored in AREVA dry storage solutions. These solutions are delivered in the United States, in Japan and in many European countries like Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Armenia and Germany. With more than 1000 dry storage solutions delivered all over the world AREVA is the leader on this market. Dealing with dry storage is not an easy task. Products have to be flexible, to be adapted to customer needs and to the national regulations which may stipulate very strict tests such as airplane crash or simulation of earthquake. To develop a dry storage solution for a foreign country means to deal with its national competent authorities. All the national competent authorities do not have the same requirements. Storage conditions may also be different.

  3. Nanotechnology for Data Storage Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarid, Dror; McCarthy, Brendan; Jabbour, Ghassan

    This chapter considers atomic force microscopy (AFM) as an enabling technology for data storage applications, considering already existing technologies such as hard disk drives (HDD), optical disk drives (ODD) and flash memories that currently dominate the nonvolatile data storage market, together with future devices based on magnetoresistive and phase change effects. The issue at hand is the question of whether the novel AFM-based storage, dubbed probe storage, can offer a competing approach to the currently available technologies by playing the role of a disruptive technology. Probe storage will be contrasted to HDD and ODD, which are purely mechanical as they are based on a rotating disk that uses just a single probe to address billions of bits of data, and nonvolatile random-access memory (RAM) that has no moving parts yet requires billions of interconnects. In particular, capacity, areal density, transfer rate, form factor and the cost of various data storage devices will be discussed and the unique opportunity offered by probe storage in employing massive parallelism will be outlined. It will be shown that probe storage bridges the gap between HDD, ODD and other nonvolatile RAM, drawing from the strength of each one of these and adding a significant attribute neither of these has; namely, the possibility of addressing a very large number of nanoscale bits of data in parallel. This chapter differs from the other chapters in this book in that it addresses the important issue of whether a given scientific effort, namely, probe storage, is mature enough to evolve into a commercially viable technology. The answer seems to indicate that there is indeed a huge niche in the data storage arena that such a technology is uniquely qualified to fill, which is large enough to justify a major investment in research and development. Indeed, as other chapters indicate, such an effort is developing at a rapid pace, with hopes of having a viable product within a few years.

  4. Storage unit for metal hydrides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that the CANDU heavy water reactors produce tritium in the moderator and coolant circuits as a result of neutron capture by the deuterium nuclei. The Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant is a CANDU type reactor and we could expect in the future a contamination of the surrounding area as a result of the increase of the quantity of tritium. Therefore, in order to maintain a minimum level of radioactivity in the area, tritium, a low level waste product of nuclear fission, must be continuously removed from the moderator heat transport systems. Tritium is a beta emitter and decays to 3 He emitting a beta particle and a neutrino. The energy of the beta particles vary from 0 to 18.6 keV with an average energy of 5.69 keV. There are few major ways used in the storage of the hydrogen isotopes, namely: gaseous storage, liquid hydrogen storage and metal hydride storage. Metal hydrides offer safe and efficient a way for tritium processing, including storage, pumping, compression, transport and purification. Tritium removed from the tritiated heavy water requests its storage in special vessels able to ensure protection and safety of environment and personal. This paper presents our achievements in designing a storage vessel for hydrogen isotope processing. The vessel for tritium storage as metal tritides is an austenitic stainless steel container designed to accommodate also the helium generated by the complete decay of tritium. It is equipped with valves allowing circulation of the gas during the hydriding process. Due to the hydriding and de-hydriding cycles, fine particles of the metal tritide could be produced. In order to prevent their deposition on the valves, the entry and exit ways of the vessel are protected by sintered steel filters. The metal selected for tritium storage is the depleted uranium. Using 500 g uranium, the storage capacity of the vessel is maximum 3 moles of hydrogen isotopes. (author)

  5. On-line storage versus local storage for mobile users

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Liang

    2006-01-01

    When a user has a mobile device with lots of built-in functions, what would they like to do with it? Of course, interactive voice and videoconferencing, sending SMS & Instant Messaging, listening to music, taking photos, etc. People want to have a device with a large storage capacity, much as they do on a desktop or laptop PC. But sometimes the user does not have sufficient local storage capacity on their mobile device. Online storage is a good solution for this, but the limited battery c...

  6. Analysis on Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interim storage of spent nuclear fuel which has been commercialized as a short-term management alternative in foreign countries is analyzed in this report Based on the location, storage facility is divided into an independent storage facility at reactor(AR) and an interim storage facility away from reactor(AFR). Also, based on the technical characteristics, wet storage and dry storage are described in detail. Especially, various dry storage methods are described in consideration of 20 years of experience. As a result, all of commercialized storage methods may be looked on safe in technical aspect. Additionally, status of interim atorage in USA, Japan, Canada and German is prepared in this study

  7. Interim and final storage casks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The disposal of radioactive waste is a huge social challenge in Germany and all over the world. As is well known the search for a site for a final repository for high-level waste in Germany is not complete. Therefore, interim storage facilities for radioactive waste were built at plant sites in Germany. The waste is stored in these storage facilities in appropriate storage and transport casks until the transport in a final repository can be carried out. Licensing of the storage and transport casks aimed for use in the public space is done according to the traffic laws and for handling in the storage facility according to nuclear law. Taking into account the activity of the waste to be stored, different containers are in use, so that experience is available from the licensing and operation in interim storage facilities. The large volume of radioactive waste to be disposed of after the shut-down of power generation in nuclear power stations makes it necessary for large quantities of licensed storage and transport casks to be provided soon.

  8. Hydrogen storage in nanotubes & nanostructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George E. Froudakis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the last several years, a significant share of the scientific community has focused its attention on the hydrogen storage problem. Since 1997, when carbon nanotubes appeared to be a promising storage material, many theoretical and experimental groups have investigated the hydrogen storage capacity of these carbon nanostructures. These efforts were not always successful and consequently, the results obtained were often controversial. In the current review we attempt to summarize some the highlights of the work on hydrogen storage in various types of nanotube and nanostructure, in a critical way. The nature of the interaction between hydrogen and the host nanomaterials, as revealed through theoretical modeling, helps us understand the basic mechanisms of hydrogen storage. Analysis of the results reveals why high hydrogen storage capacity at ambient conditions, which meets the DOE targets, cannot occur in bare carbon nanotubes. Through our analysis we also propose guidelines to enhance the hydrogen storage capacity of already synthesized materials and recommend advanced materials for this application.

  9. Opportunities in independent gas storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The range of business opportunities currently available for the midstream oil and gas business were discussed with particular focus on storage opportunities. Alberta Energy Co. (AEC) Ltd.'s two midstream business units include AEC Pipelines and Gas Processing, and AEC Storage and Hub Services. These two businesses provide the company with good investment returns, stable cash flow, and some significant strategic synergies with their exploration and production businesses. In 1988, the AECO C Hub in southeastern Alberta was created as an outgrowth of AEC's gas production operations on the Suffield block, where they had depleted gas reservoirs with high rock quality suitable for high deliverability storage. With the AECO C Hub, AEC was able to offer firm storage contracts of from 1 to 20 years, and to introduce short term interruptible parking and lending services, title exchange, a spot price index for greater price discovery, and an electronic nomination system. AEC is currently completing construction of their second commercial storage facility, the Wild Goose project, in northern California. Debottlenecking' the Western Canada supply basin should provide additional opportunities for further expansion not only for AEC but also for other midstream service providers. Opportunities are especially available in the areas of new storage facilities to serve location-specific needs, replacement of declining storage capacity, replacement of retiring facilities, technological optimization of existing facilities, more flexible, higher deliverability facilities and commercial optimization of existing facilities. A map of the hubs and market centres of North America are included. 5 figs

  10. Lithium ion storage between graphenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan Yue

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this article, we investigate the storage of lithium ions between two parallel graphene sheets using the continuous approximation and the 6-12 Lennard-Jones potential. The continuous approximation assumes that the carbon atoms can be replaced by a uniform distribution across the surface of the graphene sheets so that the total interaction potential can be approximated by performing surface integrations. The number of ion layers determines the major storage characteristics of the battery, and our results show three distinct ionic configurations, namely single, double, and triple ion forming layers between graphenes. The number densities of lithium ions between the two graphenes are estimated from existing semi-empirical molecular orbital calculations, and the graphene sheets giving rise to the triple ion layers admit the largest storage capacity at all temperatures, followed by a marginal decrease of storage capacity for the case of double ion layers. These two configurations exceed the maximum theoretical storage capacity of graphite. Further, on taking into account the charge-discharge property, the double ion layers are the most preferable choice for enhanced lithium storage. Although the single ion layer provides the least charge storage, it turns out to be the most stable configuration at all temperatures. One application of the present study is for the design of future high energy density alkali batteries using graphene sheets as anodes for which an analytical formulation might greatly facilitate rapid computational results.

  11. Radioactive material dry storage facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a storage chamber for storing tubes for densely containing radioactive materials, the containing tubes are supported by a floor wall and a ceiling wall of the storage chamber, and the storage chamber is connected with a sucking portion for taking air from the outside to an upstream portion and with an air exhaustion portion for releasing the air warmed by heat exchange with the containing tubes to a downstream portion. A bypass flow channel is disposed to the circumferential walls for introducing a portion of external air, and a blowing port is disposed to the bypass flow channel, so that the bypass stream is blown out into the storage chamber. In addition, the diameter of the blowing port of the bypass flow channel is made greater toward backward of the storage chamber. A resistance body is disposed to an upstream portion on the side wall of the storage chamber. In addition, a deflection plate supported by the ceiling wall and the floor wall is disposed in the vicinity of the side wall of the storage chamber. The temperature distribution of the containing tubes and the floor wall/ceiling wall can be made uniform thereby enabling to mitigate thermal stresses. (N.H.)

  12. Nuclear materials management storage study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Office of Weapons and Materials Planning (DP-27) requested the Planning Support Group (PSG) at the Savannah River Site to help coordinate a Departmental complex-wide nuclear materials storage study. This study will support the development of management strategies and plans until Defense Programs' Complex 21 is operational by DOE organizations that have direct interest/concerns about or responsibilities for nuclear material storage. They include the Materials Planning Division (DP-273) of DP-27, the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Facilities (DP-60), the Office of Weapons Complex Reconfiguration (DP-40), and other program areas, including Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM). To facilitate data collection, a questionnaire was developed and issued to nuclear materials custodian sites soliciting information on nuclear materials characteristics, storage plans, issues, etc. Sites were asked to functionally group materials identified in DOE Order 5660.1A (Management of Nuclear Materials) based on common physical and chemical characteristics and common material management strategies and to relate these groupings to Nuclear Materials Management Safeguards and Security (NMMSS) records. A database was constructed using 843 storage records from 70 responding sites. The database and an initial report summarizing storage issues were issued to participating Field Offices and DP-27 for comment. This report presents the background for the Storage Study and an initial, unclassified summary of storage issues and concerns identified by the sites

  13. Carbon Capture and Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedmann, S

    2007-10-03

    Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is the long-term isolation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through physical, chemical, biological, or engineered processes. This includes a range of approaches including soil carbon sequestration (e.g., through no-till farming), terrestrial biomass sequestration (e.g., through planting forests), direct ocean injection of CO{sub 2} either onto the deep seafloor or into the intermediate depths, injection into deep geological formations, or even direct conversion of CO{sub 2} to carbonate minerals. Some of these approaches are considered geoengineering (see the appropriate chapter herein). All are considered in the 2005 special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2005). Of the range of options available, geological carbon sequestration (GCS) appears to be the most actionable and economic option for major greenhouse gas reduction in the next 10-30 years. The basis for this interest includes several factors: (1) The potential capacities are large based on initial estimates. Formal estimates for global storage potential vary substantially, but are likely to be between 800 and 3300 Gt of C (3000 and 10,000 Gt of CO{sub 2}), with significant capacity located reasonably near large point sources of the CO{sub 2}. (2) GCS can begin operations with demonstrated technology. Carbon dioxide has been separated from large point sources for nearly 100 years, and has been injected underground for over 30 years (below). (3) Testing of GCS at intermediate scale is feasible. In the US, Canada, and many industrial countries, large CO{sub 2} sources like power plants and refineries lie near prospective storage sites. These plants could be retrofit today and injection begun (while bearing in mind scientific uncertainties and unknowns). Indeed, some have, and three projects described here provide a great deal of information on the operational needs and field implementation of CCS. Part of this interest comes from several key documents written in the last three years that provide information on the status, economics, technology, and impact of CCS. These are cited throughout this text and identified as key references at the end of this manuscript. When coupled with improvements in energy efficiency, renewable energy supplies, and nuclear power, CCS help dramatically reduce current and future emissions (US CCTP 2005, MIT 2007). If CCS is not available as a carbon management option, it will be much more difficult and much more expensive to stabilize atmospheric CO{sub 2} emissions. Recent estimates put the cost of carbon abatement without CCS to be 30-80% higher that if CCS were to be available (Edmonds et al. 2004).

  14. ICI optical data storage tape: An archival mass storage media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruddick, Andrew J.

    1993-01-01

    At the 1991 Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, ICI Imagedata presented a paper which introduced ICI Optical Data Storage Tape. This paper placed specific emphasis on the media characteristics and initial data was presented which illustrated the archival stability of the media. More exhaustive analysis that was carried out on the chemical stability of the media is covered. Equally important, it also addresses archive management issues associated with, for example, the benefits of reduced rewind requirements to accommodate tape relaxation effects that result from careful tribology control in ICI Optical Tape media. ICI Optical Tape media was designed to meet the most demanding requirements of archival mass storage. It is envisaged that the volumetric data capacity, long term stability and low maintenance characteristics demonstrated will have major benefits in increasing reliability and reducing the costs associated with archival storage of large data volumes.

  15. Neutron scattering and hydrogen storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J. Ramirez-Cuesta

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Hydrogen has been identified as a fuel of choice for providing clean energy for transport and other applications across the world and the development of materials to store hydrogen efficiently and safely is crucial to this endeavour. Hydrogen has the largest scattering interaction with neutrons of all the elements in the periodic table making neutron scattering ideal for studying hydrogen storage materials. Simultaneous characterisation of the structure and dynamics of these materials during hydrogen uptake is straightforward using neutron scattering techniques. These studies will help us to understand the fundamental properties of hydrogen storage in realistic conditions and hence design new hydrogen storage materials.

  16. Energy storage a new approach

    CERN Document Server

    Zito, Ralph

    2010-01-01

    Energy Storage: A New Approach presents practical solutions to the problem of energy storage on a massive scale.  This revolutionary book describes   technologies that include basic chemical concepts that engineers have been practicing for years, but presents new material that could transform the energy industry.  Regardless where power is generated from-oil, natural gas, coal, solar, wind, or any of the other emerging sources- energy storage is something that the industry MUST learn and practice.  With the world energy demand increasing, mostly due to industrial growth in China

  17. Energy storage for sustainable microgrid

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, David Wenzhong

    2015-01-01

    Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid addresses the issues related to modelling, operation and control, steady-state and dynamic analysis of microgrids with ESS. This book discusses major electricity storage technologies in depth along with their efficiency, lifetime cycles, environmental benefits and capacity, so that readers can envisage which type of storage technology is best for a particular microgrid application. This book offers solutions to numerous difficulties such as choosing the right ESS for the particular microgrid application, proper sizing of ESS for microgrid, as well as

  18. Storage of pork by irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the study of storage of pork, irradiated with Co-60 gamma rays, is recommended. The changes of the appearance and the main qualitative indexes of pork, irradiated with 1.5 M rad radiation and after two month's storage, were analysed. The evaluation of storage, transportation and nutritional acceptability of the two kinds of irradiated pork products was made. Systematic toxicological tests of rats and dogs, fed with irradiated pork, were given. The comparison of the economic facilitation of refrigerated pork and irradiated pork was made. (author)

  19. Troubleshooting vSphere storage

    CERN Document Server

    Preston, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This is a step-by-step example-oriented tutorial aimed at showing the reader how to troubleshoot a variety of vSphere storage problems, and providing the reader with solutions that can be completed with minimal effort and time in order to limit damage to work.If you are a vSphere administrator, this is the book for you. This book will provide you with 'need to know' information about the various storage transports that ESXi utilizes, the tools and techniques we can use to identify problems, and the fundamental knowledge and steps to take to troubleshoot storage-related issues. Prior knowledge

  20. Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, J. E.

    1980-03-01

    The Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage (STES) Program designed to demonstrate the storage and retrieval of energy on a seasonal basis using heat or cold available from waste or other sources during a surplus period is described. Factors considered include reduction of peak period demand and electric utility load problems and establishment of favorable economics for district heating and cooling systems for commercialization of the technology. The initial thrust of the STES Program toward utilization of ground water systems (aquifers) for thermal energy storage is emphasized.

  1. ADVANCED UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE CONCEPTS REFRIGERATED-MINED CAVERN STORAGE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    Limited demand and high cost has prevented the construction of hard rock caverns in this country for a number of years. The storage of natural gas in mined caverns may prove technically feasible if the geology of the targeted market area is suitable; and economically feasible if the cost and convenience of service is competitive with alternative available storage methods for peak supply requirements. It is believed that mined cavern storage can provide the advantages of high delivery rates and multiple fill-withdrawal cycles in areas where salt cavern storage is not possible. In this research project, PB-KBB merged advanced mining technologies and gas refrigeration techniques to develop conceptual designs and cost estimates to demonstrate the commercialization potential of the storage of refrigerated natural gas in hard rock caverns. Five regions of the U.S.A. were studied for underground storage development and PB-KBB reviewed the literature to determine if the geology of these regions was suitable for siting hard rock storage caverns. Area gas market conditions in these regions were also studied to determine the need for such storage. Based on an analysis of many factors, a possible site was determined to be in Howard and Montgomery Counties, Maryland. The area has compatible geology and a gas industry infrastructure for the nearby market populous of Baltimore and Washington D.C.. As Gas temperature is lowered, the compressibility of the gas reaches an optimum value. The compressibility of the gas, and the resultant gas density, is a function of temperature and pressure. This relationship can be used to commercial advantage by reducing the size of a storage cavern for a given working volume of natural gas. This study looks at this relationship and and the potential for commercialization of the process in a storage application. A conceptual process design, and cavern design were developed for various operating conditions. Potential site locations were considered and a typical plant layout was developed. In addition a geomechanical review of the proposed cavern design was performed, evaluating the stability of the mine rooms and shafts, and the effects of the refrigerated gas temperatures on the stability of the cavern. Capital and operating cost estimates were also developed for the various temperature cases considered. The cost estimates developed were used to perform a comparative market analysis of this type of gas storage system to other systems that are commercially used in the region of the study.

  2. Solar Thermal Storage System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjun A. Abhyankar

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasing energy consumption, shrinking resources and rising energy costs will have significant impact on our standard of living for future generations. In this situation, the development of alternative, cost effective sources of energy has to be a priority. This project presents the advanced technology and some of the unique features of a novel solar system that utilizes solar energy for space heating and water heating purpose in residential housing and commercial buildings. The improvements in solar technology offers a significant cost reduction, to a level where the solar system can compete with the energy costs from existing sources. The main goal of the project is to investigate new or advanced solutions for storing heat in systems providing heating. which can be achieved using phase change material(PCM.A phase change material with a melting/solidification temperature of 50ºC to 60ºC is used for solar heat storage. When the PCM undergoes the phase change, it can absorb or release a large amount of energy as latent heat. This heat can be used for further applications like water heating and space heating purposes. Thus solar thermal energy is widely use

  3. Categorization of hydrogen storage with reference to natural gas storage systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venter, R. D.; Selim, M. A. [Toronto Univ., ON (Canada)

    1997-05-01

    This poster session presentation proposes a categorization scheme of hydrogen storage systems based on energy content of the stored hydrogen. The presentation is based on data about various liquid and gaseous hydrogen storage installations and analogous data on storage systems for natural gas. The proposed system would serve to define and differentiate terms such as bulk storage, industrial storage and small storage systems, and would enable the comparison of existing and developing infrastructure requirements in the emerging context of hydrogen storage.

  4. Storage of Weapon Plutonium Waste

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    Development of quantitative criteria of suitability of rock massif for safe long-term storage of waste from weapon Plutonium production illustrated by the underground mining working at Krasnoyarsk Integrated Mining and Chemical Works.

  5. Laser cooling in storage rings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of the laser cooling technique to longitudinal phase space cooling of stored ion beams is introduced. Results of recent experiments at the ASTRID storage ring are discussed. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics

  6. Old radioactive waste storage sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a recall of the regulatory context for the management of old sites used for the storage of radioactive wastes with respect with their activity, the concerned products, the disposal or storage type, this document describes AREVA's involvement in the radioactive waste management process in France. Then, for the different kinds of sites (currently operated sites having radioactive waste storage, storage sites for uranium mineral processing residues), it indicates their location and name, their regulatory status and their control authority, the reference documents. It briefly presents the investigation on the long term impact of uranium mineral processing residues on health and environment, evokes some aspects of public information transparency, and presents the activities of an expertise group on old uranium mines. The examples of the sites of Bellezane (uranium mineral processing residues) and COMURHEX Malvesi (assessment of underground and surface water quality at the vicinity of this installation) are given in appendix

  7. ALICE bags data storage accolades

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    ComputerWorld has recognized CERN with an award for the 'Best Practices in Storage' for ALICE's data acquisition system, in the category of 'Systems Implementation'. The award was presented to the ALICE DAQ team on 18 April at a ceremony in San Diego, CA. (Top) ALICE physicist Ulrich Fuchs. (Bottom) Three of the five storage racks for the ALICE Data Acquisition system (Photo Antonio Saba). Between 16 and19 April, one thousand people from data storage networks around the world gathered to attend the biannual Storage Networking World Conference. Twenty-five companies and organizations were celebrated as finalists, and five of those were given honorary awards-among them CERN, which tied for first place in the category of Systems Implementation for the success of the ALICE Data Acquisition System. CERN was one of five finalists in this category, which recognizes the winning facility for 'the successful design, implementation and management of an interoperable environment'. 'Successful' could include documentati...

  8. Autumn study on storage rings

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    The first two weeks of October have seen storage ring people from accelerator Laboratories throughout the world at CERN to study the fundamental problems of very high energy protonproton colliding beam machines.

  9. Complex Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slattery, Darlene; Hampton, Michael

    2003-03-10

    This report describes research into the use of complex hydrides for hydrogen storage. The synthesis of a number of alanates, (AIH4) compounds, was investigated. Both wet chemical and mechano-chemical methods were studied.

  10. Endometrio con reacción decidual idiopática en una mujer postmenopáusica: evaluación inmunocitoquímica de receptores de estrógeno, de progesterona y de su proteína transportadora (CBG Immunocytochemical localization of estrogen and progesterone receptors and corticoid binding globulin in a woman with idiopathic endometrial decidual reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Vasconcellos C

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Endometrial decidual reaction in postmenopausal women without an evident exogenous or endogenous progesterone stimulus, is uncommon. The morphological findings are decidual transformation of the endometrial stroma, necrosis, cellular pleomorphism and in some cases hyperplastic glands that exhibit focal atypia raising the possibility of malignancy. We report the case of a 55 years old woman with an idiopathic endometrial decidual reaction. In this woman, immunocytochemistry of endometrial tissue demonstrated the absence of cytoplasmatic and nuclear estrogen receptors. Staining of nuclear progesterone receptors and cytoplasmatic corticoid binding globulin, exceeded the immunoreactivity observed in any period of the menstrual cycle (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 425-429

  11. Cost-oblivious storage reallocation

    OpenAIRE

    Bender, Michael A.; Farach-Colton, Martin; Fekete, Sándor P.; Fineman, Jeremy T.; Gilbert, Seth

    2014-01-01

    Databases need to allocate and free blocks of storage on disk. Freed blocks introduce holes where no data is stored. Allocation systems attempt to reuse such deallocated regions in order to minimize the footprint on disk. If previously allocated blocks cannot be moved, the problem is called the memory allocation problem, which is known to have a logarithmic overhead in the footprint. This paper defines the storage reallocation problem, where previously allocated blocks ...

  12. Hydrogen Storage In Nanostructured Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Assfour, Bassem

    2011-01-01

    Hydrogen is an appealing energy carrier for clean energy use. However, storage of hydrogen is still the main bottleneck for the realization of an energy economy based on hydrogen. Many materials with outstanding properties have been synthesized with the aim to store enough amount of hydrogen under ambient conditions. Such efforts need guidance from material science, which includes predictive theoretical tools. Carbon nanotubes were considered as promising candidates for hydrogen storag...

  13. AB Levitator and Electricity Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    The author researched this new idea - support of flight by any aerial vehicles at significant altitude solely by the magnetic field of the planet. It is shown that current technology allows humans to create a light propulsion (AB engine) which does not depend on air, water or ground terrain. Simultaniosly, this revolutionary thruster is a device for the storage of electricity which is extracted and is replenished (during braking) from/into the storage with 100 percent effici...

  14. Towards a community cloud storage

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Ying; Vlassov, Vladimir; Navarro Moldes, Leandro

    2014-01-01

    Community Clouds, usually built upon community networks, operate in a more disperse environment compared to a data center Cloud, with lower capacity and less reliable servers separated by a more heterogeneous and less predictable network interconnection. These differences raise challenges when deploying Cloud applications in a community Cloud. Open Stack Swift is an open source distributed storage system, which provides stand alone highly available and scalable storage from Open Stack Cloud c...

  15. Advances in information storage systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bhushan, Bharat

    1995-01-01

    The series Advances in Information Storage Systems covers a wide range of interdisciplinary technical areas, related to magnetic or optical storage systems. The following nonexhaustive list is indicative of the scope of the topics: Friction, Adhesion, Wear and Lubrications, Coatings, Solid Mechanics, Air Flow, Contamination, Instrumentation, Dynamics, Shock and Vibration, Controls, Head and Suspension Design, Actuators, Spindle and Actuator Motors and Bearings, Structure of Thin Films, Corrosion, Long-Term Reliability, Materials and Processing, Manufacturing and Automation, Economics.This volu

  16. An alternative scalable storage system

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Chunhui

    2009-01-01

    With the development of computer processor, the Input/Output (I/O) gap between the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and the storage system widens. The storage system becomes the I/O bottleneck of the whole system. Solving this problem is a popular topic for many researchers. Redundant Array of Independent / Inexpensive Disks (RAID) is a widely used technique to handle this problem nowadays. Many RAID products are available on the market. However, for small companies, these products are too expen...

  17. Putting TMI 2 into storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The unique condition of the Three Mile Island 2 plant prompted the operator, GPU Nuclear, to propose a special plan for maintaining it in a safe state before decommissioning begins. The plan is called ''monitored storage''. Monitored storage is not a decommissioning plan. Rather, it is a plan that allows TMI 2 to stand in a safe, monitored state until the licence of its sister plant, TMI 1, expires. At that time, GPU Nuclear plans to decommission both plants together. (Author)

  18. Lih thermal energy storage device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olszewski, Mitchell (Knoxville, TN); Morris, David G. (Knoxville, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A thermal energy storage device for use in a pulsed power supply to store waste heat produced in a high-power burst operation utilizes lithium hydride as the phase change thermal energy storage material. The device includes an outer container encapsulating the lithium hydride and an inner container supporting a hydrogen sorbing sponge material such as activated carbon. The inner container is in communication with the interior of the outer container to receive hydrogen dissociated from the lithium hydride at elevated temperatures.

  19. Lithium ion storage between graphenes

    OpenAIRE

    Chan Yue; Hill James

    2011-01-01

    Abstract In this article, we investigate the storage of lithium ions between two parallel graphene sheets using the continuous approximation and the 6-12 Lennard-Jones potential. The continuous approximation assumes that the carbon atoms can be replaced by a uniform distribution across the surface of the graphene sheets so that the total interaction potential can be approximated by performing surface integrations. The number of ion layers determines the major storage characteristics of the ba...

  20. Storage of Human Breast Milk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze Can

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Storage of human breast milk by freezing or refrigeration of milk has been recommended especially at some social circumstances of most mothers who are regularly separated from their infants because of work. The greatest fear that has hindered the prospects of in - vitro storage of breast milk for any considerable period of time is the possibility of bacterial contamination and growth of infectious pathogens in the stored milk, there by rendering them unsafe for human consumption. The storage container can influence the cell content of milk, as the cells adhere to the walls of a glass container but not to polyethylene or polypropylene containers. Bacteriological examination of refrigerated milks has proven their safety for human consumption for even up to 72 h. For a storage over longer periods up to 1 month, freezing at - 20 0C could be recommended, but the most preferred method, especially for longer storage would be fresh freezing at - 70 0C, if affordable or available. The nutrient value of human milk is essentially unchanged, but the immunological properties are reduced by various storage techniques. Boiling and microwave radiation have not been recommended. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(5.000: 375-379

  1. Geological storage of CO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The industrial storage of CO2 is comprised of three steps: - capture of CO2 where it is produced (power plants, cement plants, etc.); - transport (pipe lines or boats); - storage, mainly underground, called geological sequestration... Three types of reservoirs are considered: - salted deep aquifers - they offer the biggest storage capacity; - exhausted oil and gas fields; - non-exploited deep coal mine streams. The two latter storage types may allow the recovery of sellable products, which partially or totally offsets the storage costs. This process is largely used in the petroleum industry to improve the productivity of an oil field, and is called FOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery). A similar process is applied in the coal mining industry to recover the imprisoned gas, and is called ECBM (Enhanced Coal Bed methane). Two storage operations have been initiated in Norway and in Canada, as well as research programmes in Europe, North America, Australia and Japan. International organisations to stimulate this technology have been created such as the 'Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum' and 'the Intergovernmental Group for Climate Change'. This technology will be taken into account in the instruments provided by the Tokyo Protocol. (author)

  2. Combined solar collector and energy storage system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, R. N. (inventor)

    1980-01-01

    A combined solar energy collector, fluid chiller and energy storage system is disclosed. A movable interior insulated panel in a storage tank is positionable flush against the storage tank wall to insulate the tank for energy storage. The movable interior insulated panel is alternately positionable to form a solar collector or fluid chiller through which the fluid flows by natural circulation.

  3. Lightweight hydride storage materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, G.J.; Guthrie, S.E.; Bauer, W. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The need for lightweight hydrides in vehicular applications has prompted considerable research into the use of magnesium and its alloys. Although this earlier work has provided some improved performance in operating temperature and pressure, substantial improvements are needed before these materials will significantly enhance the performance of an engineered system on a vehicle. We are extending the work of previous investigators on Mg alloys to reduce the operating temperature and hydride heat of formation in light weight materials. Two important results will be discussed in this paper: (1) a promising new alloy hydride was found which has better pressure-temperature characteristics than any previous Mg alloy and, (2) a new fabrication process for existing Mg alloys was developed and demonstrated. The new alloy hydride is composed of magnesium, aluminum and nickel. It has an equilibrium hydrogen overpressure of 1.3 atm. at 200{degrees}C and a storage capacity between 3 and 4 wt.% hydrogen. A hydrogen release rate of approximately 5 x 10{sup -4} moles-H{sub 2}/gm-min was measured at 200{degrees}C. The hydride heat of formation was found to be 13.5 - 14 kcal/mole-H{sub 2}, somewhat lower than Mg{sub 2}Ni. The new fabrication method takes advantage of the high vapor transport of magnesium. It was found that Mg{sub 2}Ni produced by our low temperature process was better than conventional materials because it was single phase (no Mg phase) and could be fabricated with very small particle sizes. Hydride measurements on this material showed faster kinetic response than conventional material. The technique could potentially be applied to in-situ hydride bed fabrication with improved packing density, release kinetics, thermal properties and mechanical stability.

  4. Seasonal sensible thermal energy storage solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Lavinia Gabriela SOCACIU

    2011-01-01

    The thermal energy storage can be defined as the temporary storage of thermal energy at high or low temperatures. Thermal energy storage is an advances technology for storing thermal energy that can mitigate environmental impacts and facilitate more efficient and clean energy systems. Seasonal thermal energy storage has a longer thermal storage period, generally three or more months. This can contribute significantly to meeting society`s need for heating and cooling. The objectives of thermal...

  5. Storage systems for solar thermal power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calogeras, J. E.; Gordon, L. H.

    1978-01-01

    The development status is reviewed of some thermal energy storage technologies specifically oriented towards providing diurnal heat storage for solar central power systems and solar total energy systems. These technologies include sensible heat storage in caverns and latent heat storage using both active and passive heat exchange processes. In addition, selected thermal storage concepts which appear promising to a variety of advanced solar thermal system applications are discussed.

  6. Thermal Energy Storage: Fourth Annual Review Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    The development of low cost thermal energy storage technologies is discussed in terms of near term oil savings, solar energy applications, and dispersed energy systems for energy conservation policies. Program definition and assessment and research and technology development are considered along with industrial storage, solar thermal power storage, building heating and cooling, and seasonal thermal storage. A bibliography on seasonal thermal energy storage emphasizing aquifer thermal energy is included.

  7. Lack of promotion of urinary bladder carcinogenesis by sodium bicarbonate and/or L-ascorbic acid in male ODS/Shi-od/od rats synthesizing alpha 2 mu-globulin but not L-ascorbic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, S; Murai, T; Hosono, M; Machino, S; Makino, S; Chou, C; Fukushima, S

    1997-08-01

    The study was designed to investigate whether sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and/or L-ascorbic acid (AsA) promote urinary bladder carcinogenesis in male ODS/Shi-od/od (ODS) rats, which, unlike male F344 rats, are resistant to sodium L-ascorbate (Na-AsA)-promoting effects. Whereas F344 rats can synthesize AsA and alpha 2 mu-globulin (A2 mu-G), only A2 mu-G in produced in ODS rats. The two strains were given 0.05% N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN) in their drinking water for 2 wk and then were fed basal CA-1 diet supplemented with 3% NaHCO3 plus 5% AsA (NaHCO3 + AsA), 3% NaHCO3, 5% AsA, or no chemicals for 32 wk. ODS rats given BBN-NaHCO3 or BBN-(NaHCO3 + AsA) had only a few small carcinomas in the urinary bladder, like those receiving BBN alone or BBN-AsA. In contrast, F344 rats administered BBN-NaHCO3 or BBN-(NaHCO3 + AsA) had many more, larger, carcinoma than animals of the same strain given BBN alone or BBN-AsA. AsA alone did not have any effect in either strain. Administration of NaHCO3 alone or NaHCO3 + AsA was associated with significant elevation of urinary pH and Na+ concentration to the same extent in both strains but, again, AsA alone was without effect. NaHCO3 + AsA and AsA alone increased the urinary concentration of total ascorbic acid in both strains but the observed levels wer lower in ODS rats. The results indicate that ODS rats are resistant to the modifying effects of NaHCO3 and/or AsA on two-stage urinary bladder carcinogenesis, and thus that the susceptibility to the promotional activity of sodium-salt-type compounds may be regulated by factors other than A2 mu-G-synthesizing ability and urinary levels of pH, Na+ and total ascorbic acid. PMID:9350223

  8. Formats and data storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The currently used ENDF-6 format has a number of shortcomings that originate from the punch-card legacy. Some, such as redundancy, counting lines, too short MAT number and too many options could be resolved within the current format. The more critical issues, such as rigidity to extensions, limited accuracy due to fixed number of digits, difficulty of reading by humans, lack of native software support, and lack of integration with EXFOR and ENSDF libraries, would require such considerable efforts that migration to a new and modern format, offering additional advantages, is a more attractive option. Actually, such an option is even more justified by the existence of the well advanced General Nuclear Data (GND) format being developed by LLNL. This XML based framework is easily extensible, its numerical precision is not fixed, it is easier to edit, can store additional information (e.g. renormalized experimental data used in the evaluation), allows for storing various versions side by side (e.g. reconstructed data, group-wise data, alternative evaluations), it may include hyperlinks to documentation or another set of data (e.g. covariances). Two additional advantages are the possibility of using native Python support software and already available conversion (in both directions) to the binary HDF5 format which allows to organize, store, access, analyze, share, and preserve data huge in both size and complexity. The GND format comes with the processing software FUDGE, whose class structure mirrors the GND format. It provides for arbitrary alteration of the data, energy deposition/kermas, data checking, translation to different format (ENDF-6, HDF5, ENDL), grouping, resonance reconstruction, visualization and sampling from covariances. It is deemed advantageous to the Nuclear Data community to adopt this new system and develop interfaces to the currently used processing codes and retrieval systems to take full advantage of the evolving technology. Such modernization is needed to allow for the storage of large covariances, ensuring evolution of the stored data, and for attracting to the field young experts

  9. Storage fee analysis for a retrievable surface storage facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conceptual design studies are in progress for a Water Basin Concept (WBC) and an alternative Sealed Storage Cask Concept (SSCC) of a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF) intended as a Federal government facility for storing high-level radioactive wastes until a permanent disposal method is established. The RSSF will be a man-made facility with a design life of at least 100 y, and will have capacity to store all of the high-level waste from the reprocessing of nuclear power plant spent fuels generated by the industry through the year 2000. This report is a basic version of ARH-2746, ''Retrievable Surface Storage Facility, Water Basin Concept, User Charge Analysis.'' It is concerned with the issue of establishing a fee to cover the cost of storing nuclear wastes both in the RSSF and at the subsequent disposal facility. (U.S.)

  10. Archival storage solutions for PACS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chunn, Timothy

    1997-05-01

    While they are many, one of the inhibitors to the wide spread diffusion of PACS systems has been robust, cost effective digital archive storage solutions. Moreover, an automated Nearline solution is key to a central, sharable data repository, enabling many applications such as PACS, telemedicine and teleradiology, and information warehousing and data mining for research such as patient outcome analysis. Selecting the right solution depends on a number of factors: capacity requirements, write and retrieval performance requirements, scaleability in capacity and performance, configuration architecture and flexibility, subsystem availability and reliability, security requirements, system cost, achievable benefits and cost savings, investment protection, strategic fit and more.This paper addresses many of these issues. It compares and positions optical disk and magnetic tape technologies, which are the predominant archive mediums today. Price and performance comparisons will be made at different archive capacities, plus the effect of file size on storage system throughput will be analyzed. The concept of automated migration of images from high performance, high cost storage devices to high capacity, low cost storage devices will be introduced as a viable way to minimize overall storage costs for an archive. The concept of access density will also be introduced and applied to the selection of the most cost effective archive solution.

  11. Exabyte Scale Storage at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The future of data management for LHC at CERN brings new requirements for scalability and a change of scheduling and data handling compared to the HSM mass storage system in use today. A forecast for disk based storage volume at CERN in 2015 is on the Exabyte scale with hundreds of millions of files. A new CERN storage architecture is represented as a storage cluster with an analysis, archive and tape pool with container based data movements and decoupled namespaces. Main assets of a new system is high-availability and life cycle management for large storage installations. Today this is one of the major issues at the CERN computer centre with more than 1,000 disk servers and continuous hardware replacement. Another key point is distributed meta data handling with in-memory caching and persistent key-value stores to reduce latencies and operational complexity. Focus of this paper will be on the analysis pool implementation providing low-latency, nonsequential file access and a hierarchical namespace. A summary of performance indicators and first operational experiences will be reported.

  12. Feasibility of a subsurface storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report analyses the notion of subsurface storage under the scientifical, technical and legal aspects. This reflection belongs to the studies about long duration storage carried out in the framework of the axis 3 of the December 30, 1991 law. The report comprises 3 parts. The first part is a synthesis of the complete subsurface storage study: definitions, aim of the report, very long duration storage paradigm, description files of concepts, thematic synthesis (legal aspects, safety, monitoring, sites, seismicity, heat transfers, corrosion, concretes, R and works, handling, tailings and dismantlement, economy..), multi-criteria/multi-concept cross-analysis. The second part deals with the technical aspects of the subsurface storage: safety approach (long duration impact, radiation protection, mastery of effluents), monitoring strategy, macroscopic inventory of B-type waste packages, inventory of spent fuels, glasses, hulls and nozzles, geological contexts in the French territory (sites selection and characterization), on-site activities, hydrogeological and geochemical aspects, geo-technical works and infrastructures organization, subsurface seismic effects, cooling modes (ventilation, heat transfer with the geologic environment), heat transfer research programs (convection, poly-phase cooling in porous media), handling constraints, concretes (use, behaviour, durability), corrosion of metallic materials, technical-economical analysis, international context (experience feedback from Sweden (CLAB) and the USA (Yucca Mountain), other European and French facilities). The last part of the report is a graphical appendix with 3-D views and schemes of the different concepts. (J.S.)

  13. The assay of thyroxine-binding globulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first section of this communication briefly describes the technique of a new assay while later sections give results obtained using a high-titre monospecific antiserum, and a comparison of this assay with those of other workers. The final sections consider theoretical aspects of free hormone measurement in relation to TBG assay, and the use of monospecific anti-TBG combined with electrofocusing to study possible protein heterogeneity. (Auth.)

  14. Blowout in Gas Storage Caverns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djizanne H.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A small number of blowouts from gas storage caverns have been described in the literature. Gas flow lasted several days before the caverns were emptied. In this paper, we suggest simplified methods that allow for computing blowout duration, and evolution of gas temperature and pressure in the cavern and in the well. This method is used to compute air flow from an abandoned mine, an accident described by Van Sambeek in 2009, and a natural gas blowout in an underground storage facility in Kansas. The case of a hydrogen storage cavern also is considered, as it is known that hydrogen depressurization can lead, in certain cases, to an increase in hydrogen temperature.

  15. EPR ohmic heating energy storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Ohmic Heating (OH) Systems for all the Experimental Power Reactor (EPR) designs to date have all used temporary energy storage to assist in providing the OH current charge required to build up the plasma current. The energies involved (0.8 x 109 J to 1.9 x 109 J) are so large as to make capacitor storage impractical. Two alternative approaches are homopolar dc generators and ac generators. Either of these can be designed for pulse duty and can be made to function in a manner similar to a capacitor in the OH circuit and are therefore potential temporary energy storage devices for OH systems for large tokamaks. This study compared total OH system costs using homopolar and ac generators to determine their relative merits. The total system costs were not significantly different for either type of machine. The added flexibility and the lower maintenance of the ac machine system make it the more attractive approach

  16. GPUs as Storage System Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Al-Kiswany, Samer; Ripeanu, Matei

    2012-01-01

    Massively multicore processors, such as Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), provide, at a comparable price, a one order of magnitude higher peak performance than traditional CPUs. This drop in the cost of computation, as any order-of-magnitude drop in the cost per unit of performance for a class of system components, triggers the opportunity to redesign systems and to explore new ways to engineer them to recalibrate the cost-to-performance relation. This project explores the feasibility of harnessing GPUs' computational power to improve the performance, reliability, or security of distributed storage systems. In this context, we present the design of a storage system prototype that uses GPU offloading to accelerate a number of computationally intensive primitives based on hashing, and introduce techniques to efficiently leverage the processing power of GPUs. We evaluate the performance of this prototype under two configurations: as a content addressable storage system that facilitates online similarity detectio...

  17. Spent fuel storage. Facts booklet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In October 1977, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced a spent nuclear fuel policy where the Government would, under certain conditions, take title to and store spent nuclear fuel from commercial power reactors. The policy is intended to provide spent fuel storage until final disposition is available. DOE has programs for providing safe, long-term disposal of nuclear waste. The spent fuel storage program is one element of waste management and compliments the disposal program. The costs for spent fuel services are to be fully recovered by the Government from the utilities. This will allow the utilities to confidently consider the costs for disposition of spent fuel in their rate structure. The United States would also store limited amounts of foreign spent fuel to meet nonproliferation objectives. This booklet summarizes information on many aspects of spent fuel storage

  18. Proton storage ring summer workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawrence, G.P.; Cooper, R.K. (comps.)

    1977-10-01

    During the week of August 16, 1976 a Workshop was held at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) on the Proton Storage Ring (PSR) for the Weapons Neutron Research Facility (WNRF). Written contributions were solicited from each of the participants in the Workshop, and the contributions that were received are presented. The papers do not represent polished or necessarily complete work, but rather represent ''first cuts'' at their respective areas. Topics covered include: (1) background information on the storage ring; (2) WNRF design; (3) rf transient during filling; (4) rf capture; (5) beam bunch compression; (6) transverse space charge limits; (7) transverse resistive instability in the PSR; (8) longitudinal resistive instability; (9) synchrotron frequency splitting; (10) E Quintus Unum--off resonance; (11) first harmonic bunching in the storage ring; (12) kicker considerations; (13) beam extraction; (14) ferrite kicker magnets; and (15) E Quintus Unum: a possible ejection scheme.

  19. Memory engram storage and retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonegawa, Susumu; Pignatelli, Michele; Roy, Dheeraj S; Ryan, Tomás J

    2015-12-01

    A great deal of experimental investment is directed towards questions regarding the mechanisms of memory storage. Such studies have traditionally been restricted to investigation of the anatomical structures, physiological processes, and molecular pathways necessary for the capacity of memory storage, and have avoided the question of how individual memories are stored in the brain. Memory engram technology allows the labeling and subsequent manipulation of components of specific memory engrams in particular brain regions, and it has been established that cell ensembles labeled by this method are both sufficient and necessary for memory recall. Recent research has employed this technology to probe fundamental questions of memory consolidation, differentiating between mechanisms of memory retrieval from the true neurobiology of memory storage. PMID:26280931

  20. Moving Towards SAN Storage: An Enterprise Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    rabi prasad padhy

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – One of the major components of any enterprise IT infrastructure is data storage. There has been continuous effort to explore new storage technologies to improve performance with respect to input/output operations, data availability, consolidation of storage assets and data protection and archiving. Storage has moved from the traditional Direct Attached Storage (DAS to Network Attached Storage (NAS and now to Storage Area Networks (SAN. Traditional storage subsystems like Server Attached Storage (SAS and Network Attached Storage (NAS use disks directly attached to servers over a Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI bus. However, these have limited capabilities keeping in view the rapidly expanding storage needs. The SAN technology holds great promises to be used for enterprises where issues like data availability, serviceability, consolidation of storage and reliability are major concerns. It can provide high speed data transfer with many other storage services, backboned with a high speed Fibre Channel (FC. Storage-area networks are also more popular and efficient way of building large storage systems both in an enterprise environment and for multi-domain storage service providers. SAN design and implementation requires careful analysis before SAN can be used as an enterprise storage solution. In this paper we provide an overview of SAN technology from the view point of building large storage systems in an enterprise environment. We also discuss on return on investment (ROI which can justify the adoption of SAN in an enterprise. Further, it compares two specific technologies, namely, FC SAN and IP SAN. In the sequel different design considerations are made to recommend suitable SAN implementations in order to meet the requirements of any enterprise.

  1. Flashing up the storage hierarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Koltsidas, Ioannis

    2010-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is on systems that employ both flash and magnetic disks as storage media. Considering the widely disparate I/O costs of flash disks currently on the market, our approach is a cost-aware one: we explore techniques that exploit the I/O costs of the underlying storage devices to improve I/O performance. We also study the asymmetric I/O properties of magnetic and flash disks and propose algorithms that take advantage of this asymmetry. Our work is geared to...

  2. Hydrogen storage in graphitic nanofibres

    OpenAIRE

    McCaldin, Simon Roger

    2007-01-01

    There is huge need to develop an alternative to hydrocarbons fuel, which does not produce CO2 or contribute to global warming - 'the hydrogen economy' is such an alternative, however the storage of hydrogen is the key technical barrier that must be overcome. The potential of graphitic nanofibres (GNFs) to be used as materials to allow the solid-state storage of hydrogen has thus been investigated. This has been conducted with a view to further developing the understanding of the mechanism(s) ...

  3. Catalyzed borohydrides for hydrogen storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Ming (Augusta, GA)

    2012-02-28

    A hydrogen storage material and process is provided in which alkali borohydride materials are created which contain effective amounts of catalyst(s) which include transition metal oxides, halides, and chlorides of titanium, zirconium, tin, and combinations of the various catalysts. When the catalysts are added to an alkali borodydride such as a lithium borohydride, the initial hydrogen release point of the resulting mixture is substantially lowered. Additionally, the hydrogen storage material may be rehydrided with weight percent values of hydrogen at least about 9 percent.

  4. Lead-Acid battery storage

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    César A.C., Sequeira; Mário R., Pedro.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As baterias de chumbo-ácido são uma das melhores formas de armazenamento químico e que encaramos como uma das mais promissoras para aplicações de armazenamento de energia em larga escala. O presente artigo inclui alguns comentários pertinentes sobre estes sistemas recarregáveis, na sua actual fase d [...] e investigação e desenvolvimento. Abstract in english Lead-acid batteries are a prime form of chemical storage that we regard as holding most promise for large-scale energy storage applications. This paper includes a few pertinent comments on these rechargeable systems in their present stages of research and development. [...

  5. Large energy storage systems handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, Frank S

    2011-01-01

    In the current push to convert to renewable sources of energy, many issues raised years ago on the economics and the difficulties of siting energy storage are once again being raised today. When large amounts of wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources are added to existing electrical grids, efficient and manageable energy storage becomes a crucial component to allowing a range of eco-friendly resources to play a significant role in our energy system. In order to fulfill our intended goal of diminishing dependence on non-renewable sources of energy and reducing our carbon footprint, we

  6. Seasonal heat storage in aquifers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seasonal storage of hot water in natural aquifers (porous layers of gravel sand) may be used to meet part of the demand of a district heating system in the winter season by means of excess heat produced by combined heat and power plants in the summer season. Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, participates in a joint project on aquifer storage together with laboratories at the Technical University of Denmark and the Geological Survey of Denmark. The project includes geological exploration, construction and test run of a pilot plant and development of mathematical models. (author)

  7. Energy storage for power systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ter-Gazarian, Andrei

    2011-01-01

    The supply of energy from primary sources is not constant and rarely matches the pattern of demand from consumers. Electricity is also difficult to store in significant quantities. Therefore, secondary storage of energy is essential to increase generation capacity efficiency and to allow more substantial use of renewable energy sources that only provide energy intermittently. Lack of effective storage has often been cited as a major hurdle to substantial introduction of renewable energy sources into the electricity supply network.This 2nd edition, without changing the existing structure of the

  8. Yield, utilization, storage and ultimate storage of depleted uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 80% of the uranium leaving uranium enrichment plants is depleted to a residual content of about 0,25% U 235. Due to the present ineconomical further depletion to the technically possible residual content of 0,1% U 235, the so-called 'tails' are first of all stored. The quantity of stored depleted uranium in the FRG should be about 100.000 t by the year 2000. It represents a strategic reserve for future energy supply regardless of profitableness. The study analysis the conceivable possible uses for the tails quantity considered. These are, besides further depletion whose profitableness is considered, also the use as breeder material in breeder reactors and the use in the non-nuclear field. The main part of the study deals with the various storage possibilities of the depleted uranium in oxidic or fluoride form. A comparison of costs of alternative storage concepts showed a clear advantage for the storage of UF6 in 48 inch containers already in use. The conceivable accidents in storing are analyzed and measures to reduce the consequences are discussed. Finally, the problems of ultimate storage for the remaining waste after further depletion or use are investigated and the costs arising here are also estimated. (RB)

  9. Energy storage: a review of recent literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent literature on the technological and economic status of reversible energy storage has been reviewed. A broad range of research and development activities have been pursued between 1975 and the present. Most of this work has concentrated on improving technical and economic performance of previously known storage technologies. Hydraulic pumped storage with both reservoirs above ground and compressed air storage (1 plant) are the only methods that have been adopted by electric utilities. The need for electrical energy storage in Canada has not been acute because of the large proportion of hydraulic generation which incorporates some storge and, in most cases, can readily be used for load-following. Residential heat storage in ceramic room heaters has been used in Europe for several years. For Canadian climatic and market conditions larger, central heating units would be required. Residential heat storage depends upon utilities offering time-of-use rates and none in Canada do so at present. Most seasonal storage concepts depend upon storage of low-grade heat for district heating. The cost of energy storage is highly dependent upon annual energy throughput and hence favours smaller capacity systems operating on frequent charge/discharge cycles over long-term storage. Capital costs of energy storage methods from the literature, expressed in constant dollars, are compared graphically and tentative investment costs are presented for several storage methods

  10. Krypton-85 removal and storage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A literature survey was made in order to predict the atmospheric Kr-85 concentration in the future and it s effect on the population. As a consequence the need for its treatment and removal as a previous step to gaseous waste disposal is justified. A literature review of possible methods of Kr-85 removal and storage is also included. (Author) 43 refs

  11. Inductive line energy storage generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inductive energy storage (IES) generator has long been considered to be the most efficient system for energy usage in large pulsed power system at the MA level. A number of parameters govern the efficiency of energy transfer between the storage capacitors and the load, and the level of current deliverable to the load. For high power system, the energy storage capacitors are arranged as a Marx generator. The primary constraints are the inductances in the various parts of the circuit, in particular, the upstream inductance between the Marx and the POS, and the downstream inductance between the POS and the load. This paper deals with the effect of replacing part of the upstream inductance with a transmission line and introduces the new concept of an inductive line for energy storage (ILES). Extensive parametric scans were carried out on circuit simulations to investigate the effect of this upstream transmission line. A model was developed to explain the operation of the ILES design based on the data obtained. Comparison with an existing IES generator shows that the ILES design offers a significant improvement in the maximum current and hence energy delivered to an inductive load. (author). 5 figs., 1 ref

  12. Enhancing hydrogen spillover and storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ralph T; Li, Yingwei; Lachawiec, Jr., Anthony J

    2013-02-12

    Methods for enhancing hydrogen spillover and storage are disclosed. One embodiment of the method includes doping a hydrogen receptor with metal particles, and exposing the hydrogen receptor to ultrasonication as doping occurs. Another embodiment of the method includes doping a hydrogen receptor with metal particles, and exposing the doped hydrogen receptor to a plasma treatment.

  13. Plutonium disposition and storage model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An EXTEND/SDI-Industry model of DOE plutonium disposition and storage has been created which can easily accommodate changes in scenarios by changing input parameters. It matches well with hand-crafted spreadsheet analyses, and has the advantage that it shows system logic and can be documented easily

  14. Storage container for radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tightness, shock resistance and corrosion resistance of containers for storage of radioactive wastes it obtained by complete fabrication with concrete reinforced with metal fibers. This material is used for molding the cask, the cover and the joint connecting both parts. Dovetail grooves are provided on the cask and the cover for the closure

  15. Underground storage of carbon dioxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Shoichi [Univ. of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku (Japan)

    1993-12-31

    Desk studies on underground storage of CO{sub 2} were carried out from 1990 to 1991 fiscal years by two organizations under contract with New Energy and Indestrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). One group put emphasis on application of CO{sub 2} EOR (enhanced oil recovery), and the other covered various aspects of underground storage system. CO{sub 2} EOR is a popular EOR method in U.S. and some oil countries. At present, CO{sub 2} is supplied from natural CO{sub 2} reservoirs. Possible use of CO{sub 2} derived from fixed sources of industries is a main target of the study in order to increase oil recovery and storage CO{sub 2} under ground. The feasibility study of the total system estimates capacity of storage of CO{sub 2} as around 60 Gton CO{sub 2}, if worldwide application are realized. There exist huge volumes of underground aquifers which are not utilized usually because of high salinity. The deep aquifers can contain large amount of CO{sub 2} in form of compressed state, liquefied state or solution to aquifer. A preliminary technical and economical survey on the system suggests favorable results of 320 Gton CO{sub 2} potential. Technical problems are discussed through these studies, and economical aspects are also evaluated.

  16. Genetic and Glycogen Storage Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Gholami

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Glycogen storage diseases are a group of inborn error of metabolism and characterized by accumulation of glycogen in various tissues. The overall incidence of glycogen storage diseases is estimated 1 per 20,000-43,000 live births. There are twelve distinct diseases that are commonly considered to be glycogen storage diseases and classified based on enzyme deficiency and affected tissue. We searched all review articles and books in the national and international databases which considered as inherited metabolic disorders and the genetic associations of these disorders. A large number of enzymes intervene in the synthesis and degradation of glycogen which is regulated by hormones. Several hormones, including insulin, glucagon and cortisol regulate the relationship between glycolysis, glycogenosis, and glycogen synthesis.These diseases are divided into three major groups: disorders that affected liver, disorders that affected muscle and those which are generalized. Glycogen storage diseases are called by a Roman numerical that reflects the historical sequence of their discovery by an enzyme defect or by the author's name of the first description.

  17. Metal Materials for Hydrogen Storage.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soukup, Karel; Rogut, J.; Ludwik-Pardala, M.; Wiatkowski, M.; Šolcová, Olga

    Prague : JHI, 2008, s. 73-74. [Symposium on Catalysis /40./. Prague (CZ), 03.11.2008-05.11.2008] Grant ostatní: RFCR(XE) CT/2007/00006 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40720504 Keywords : hydrogen storage * redox of metal oxide * transport properties Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry

  18. STORAGE OF Handroanthus umbellatus SEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cibele Chalita Martins

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509815725Seed storage under controlled environmental conditions represents one of the most important lines of research to be applied on short-lived forest species as Handroanthus. The present research aimed to identify the most suitable seed storage conditions and longevity behavior of Handroanthus umbellatus seeds subject to the following storage treatments: packaging permeable paper bags under a no-controlled laboratory temperature and humidity (control and multiwall semipermeable bag at temperatures of -18 ºC, 1 ºC and 25 ºC. Seeds were dried to 6.3% of water content. Stored seeds were evaluated every three months until 24 months for water content, germination percentage and vigor utilizing first counting test. Seeds of T. umbellata are orthodox, with low longevity under natural conditions, once they remain viable for less than 5 months. The best conditions of seed preservation of these species were obtained by storage at -18° C in multiwall bags. Under these conditions physiological seed quality remains unchanged for a 24-month period.

  19. Mathematical Storage-Battery Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, C. P.; Aston, M.

    1985-01-01

    Empirical formula represents performance of electrical storage batteries. Formula covers many battery types and includes numerous coefficients adjusted to fit peculiarities of each type. Battery and load parameters taken into account include power density in battery, discharge time, and electrolyte temperature. Applications include electric-vehicle "fuel" gages and powerline load leveling.

  20. Storage stability of dental composites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauer, G M; Petrianyk, N; Termini, D J

    1979-08-01

    Composites made from powder-liquid constituents and subjected to elevated temperatures during storage are more stable than those employing pastes. The decomposition of the benzoyl peroxide ingredient is mainly responsible for the increased setting time and the decreased mechanical properties of the resulting composite. PMID:288756

  1. Information Support for Storage Decommission

    International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

    Decision - Making Information Support of Territory Remediation in the Course of Decommissioning Temporary Radioactive Waste Storage Sites in the Northwestern Region of Russia. Elaboration of an Environmental Monitoring System for Enterprises Involved in Treating and Storing Low- and Intermediate- Radioactive Wastes in the Region

  2. Hydrogen storage in planetary physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrogen in contact with most substances undergoes first order phase transitions with increasing pressure during which hydrides are formed. This applies to the core of hydrogen rich planets. It is speculated that a partial hydrogen storage in the early history of the earth could have lead to the formation of continents. Primordial carbon hydrides are synthesized during this process. (Author)

  3. Nanoelectrodes: energy conversion and storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon G. Wallace

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Materials take on exceptional properties as we enter the nanodomain and Electromaterials: those that transport and/or transfer charge are no exception. As such the ability to impart nanostructure to electrodes is having a dramatic effect on areas such as energy conversion and storage.

  4. French sodium waste storage rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the frame of Superphenix Plant decommissioning, CEA and EDF had to determine the rules to applied for safe sodium waste storage. Even if sodium waste storage has been monitored for some decades (but only during Operational Plant phases), some recent events showed that this item had to be secured before beginning large decommissioning operations. Of course, the best way would be an on-line treatment but operational constraints always imply a delay in this operation. Indeed, a number of sodium wastes will be produced during the period before the end of Superphenix sodium treatment (planned in 2013) and will have to wait for further treatment. The events to be avoided, or at least taken into account, are uncontrolled sodium reaction with air moisture (large hydrogen production, important overheating) and sodium reaction with liquid water (pressure waves, large hydrogen production, important overheating). Careful analysis of all abnormal events in sodium waste storage disposal was performed and led to rule evolution. In 2004, experimental studies were undertaken, in order to know how solid sodium at room temperature reacts with air humidity: the conditions of aqueous sodium hydroxide production (which is the main risk source in sodium waste storage) have been observed. On this basis, new general safe rules for sodium waste storage have been raised: - Waste classifying: pure sodium and soda to be separated, bulk and residues to be separated - Sodium waste containers: tight, dry, easy to refill with gas, protected against overpressure effect, with specific marking and reference - Dedicated rooms: dry, with specific markings, with specific sodium fire extinguishers - Maximum duration: three months before next refill with inert dry gas, in an over-container if more than one year - Dry gas feeling: inert gas except for sodium film residues (dry air) 395 For Superphenix application, packaging and storage conditions of sodium wastes have been defined, in accordance with container fluxes to sodium waste treatment cell: it was decided to initially fill the containers (packaging phase) with dry air (dew point less than -10 deg C) whatever are the sodium waste types, because any gas in the container is rapidly and totally dried by sodium itself. Then, renewal of gas in the containers will be done with dry argon (storage phase), except for sodium film residues (dry air filling). On site feedback experience will confirm the efficiency of these recent rules which have to be adapted to each specific case (sodium waste type, containers) and which can evolve with on site feedback experience. (author)

  5. Nanomaterials for solid state hydrogen storage

    CERN Document Server

    Varin, Robert A; Wronski, Zbigniew S

    2009-01-01

    This comprehensive resource covers the fundamentals of nanomaterials for solid state hydrogen storage and offers recent advances in the field. It also includes the results of the authors' own research in the behavior of various hydrogen storage materials.

  6. Post regulation circuit with energy storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Don G. (Livermore, CA); Birx, Daniel L. (Oakley, CA); Cook, Edward G. (Livermore, CA)

    1992-01-01

    A charge regulation circuit provides regulation of an unregulated voltage supply and provides energy storage. The charge regulation circuit according to the present invention provides energy storage without unnecessary dissipation of energy through a resistor as in prior art approaches.

  7. Storage module for nuclear fuel assemblies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A storage module or rack is disclosed for storage of nuclear fuel assemblies in a water-filled pool comprising an array of storage tubes arranged in a checkerboard pattern and attached to one another along their corners. Each tube thus forms a storage cell for a fuel assembly and the spaces between each four adjacent tubes form intermediate fuel assembly storage cells. The storage tubes are formed with spaced double walls between which is contained a layer of neutron absorbing material to assure that the array of stored fuel assemblies remains subcritical. Provision is made for free circulation of water through the storage cells to extract heat from the stored assemblies. The storage module maximizes the number of fuel assemblies that can be stored in a given space while minimizing the material used in its construction

  8. A 1600 Liter Tritium Hydride Storage Vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Titanium was selected for evaluation as a tritium storage material. Titanium-deuterium desorption isotherm data at 550, 600, 649, 700, ad 760 degrees C are presented and were used to evaluate storage vessel design loading limits

  9. Storage of hemopoietic stem cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamphilon Derwood

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Autologous, and in some cases allogeneic, hemopoietic stem cells (HSC are stored for varying periods of time prior to infusion. For periods of greater than 48 h, storage requires cryopreservation. It is essential to optimize cell storage and ensure the quality of the product for subsequent reinfusion. Methods: A number of important variables may affect the subsequent quality of infused HSC and therapeutic cells (TC. This review discusses these and also reviews the regulatory framework that now aims to ensure the quality of stem cells and TC for transplantation. Results: Important variables included cell concentration, temperature, interval from collection to cryopreservation, manipulations performed. They also included rate of freezing and whether controlled-rate freezing was employed. Parameters studied were type of cryoprotectant utilized [dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO is most commonly used, sometimes in combination with hydroxyethyl starch (HES]; and storage conditions. It is also important to assess the quality of stored stem cells. Measurements employed included the total cell count (TNC, mononuclear cell count (MNC, CD34+ cells and colony-forming units - granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM. Of these, TNC and CD34+ are the most useful. However, the best measure of the quality of stored stem cells is their subsequent engraftment. The quality systems used in stem cell laboratories are described in the guidance of the Joint Accreditation Committee of ISCT (Europe and the EBMT (JACIE and the EU Directive on Tissues and Cells plus its supporting commission directives. Inspections of facilities are carried out by the appropriate national agencies and JACIE. Conclusion: For high-quality storage of HSC and TC, processing facilities should use validated procedures that take into account critical variables. The quality of all products must be assessed before and after storage.

  10. Which way for Europe's gas storage market?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This slide show presents in a first part the 2013 Situation of the European gas storage market (Capacity, Gas Demand vs. Gas Storage, Spreads and Volatility, LNG effect, Storage Price, Utilization of Storage Facilities, Security of supply). The future of European Gas Demand and Supply are presented in a second part (Demand and Supply Factors, Market Liberalization, Estimates of European UGS Needs by 2030, Planned Working Gas Capacities in Europe)

  11. Electrochemical Energy Storage Technical Team Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-06-01

    This U.S. DRIVE electrochemical energy storage roadmap describes ongoing and planned efforts to develop electrochemical energy storage technologies for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). The Energy Storage activity comprises a number of research areas (including advanced materials research, cell level research, battery development, and enabling R&D which includes analysis, testing and other activities) for advanced energy storage technologies (batteries and ultra-capacitors).

  12. Efficiency of Compressed Air Energy Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Elmegaard, Brian; Brix, Wiebke

    2011-01-01

    The simplest type of a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) facility would be an adiabatic process consisting only of a compressor, a storage and a turbine, compressing air into a container when storing and expanding when producing. This type of CAES would be adiabatic and would if the machines were reversible have a storage efficiency of 100%. However, due to the specific capacity of the storage and the construction materials the air is cooled during and after compression in practice,...

  13. Superconducting magnetic energy storage, possibilities and limitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy storage is of great importance for the exploitation of new energy sources as well as for the better utilisation of conventional ones. Several proposals in recent years have suggested that superconducting magnets could be used as energy storage in large electricity networks. It is a purpose of this note to point out that the requirements which have to be met by energy storage in a large electricity network place serious limitation on the possible use of superconducting energy storage. (author)

  14. Efficiency of Compressed Air Energy Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmegaard, Brian; Brix, Wiebke

    2011-01-01

    The simplest type of a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) facility would be an adiabatic process consisting only of a compressor, a storage and a turbine, compressing air into a container when storing and expanding when producing. This type of CAES would be adiabatic and would if the machines were reversible have a storage efficiency of 100%. However, due to the specific capacity of the storage and the construction materials the air is cooled during and after compression in practice, making th...

  15. Thermal Energy Storage Potential in Supermarkets

    OpenAIRE

    Ohannessian, Roupen

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this research is to evaluate the potential of thermal energy storage in supermarkets with CO2 refrigeration systems. Suitable energy storage techniques are investigated and the seasonal storage technology of boreholes is chosen to be the focus of the study. The calculations are done for five supermarket refrigeration systems with different combinations of heating systems and borehole thermal energy storage control strategies. The two heating systems analyzed are the ground so...

  16. Apparatus for the storage of transport- and storage-containers containing radioactive fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The invention concerns an apparatus for the storage of transport and storage containers containing radioactive fuel elements. For each transport or storage container there is a separate silo-type container of steel, concrete, prestressed concrete or suchlike breakproof and fireproof material, to be placed in the open, that can be opened for removal and placing of the transport or storage container respectively. (orig.)

  17. Development of Seasonal Storage in Denmark : Status of Storage Programme 1997-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heller, Alfred

    2000-01-01

    National survey on seasonal (thermal, large-scale) storage activities in Denmark. A storage programme under the Danish Energy Agency. Programme background, objectives, activities, projects and results.Technologies presented: Pit water storage, gravel water storage with pipe heat exchangers, lining materials for pit and lid designs.

  18. User manual for storage simulation construction set

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sehgal, Anil; Volz, Richard A.

    1999-04-01

    The Storage Simulation Set (SSCS) is a tool for composing storage system models using Telegrip. It is an application written in C++ and motif. With this system, the models of a storage system can be composed rapidly and accurately. The aspects of the SSCS are described within this report.

  19. Pit Water Storage Ottrupgaard : A follow up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heller, Alfred

    2000-01-01

    The pit water storage, a seasonal thermal storage, was built in 1993 with floating lid and hybrid clay-polymer for pit lining. The storage was leaking severe and solutions were to be found. In the paper solutions for pit lining and floating lids are discussed, cost estimations given and coming projects sketched.

  20. Yesquel: scalable SQL storage for Web applications

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilera, Marcos K.; Leners, Joshua B.; Kotla, Ramakrishna; Walfish, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Based on a brief history of the storage systems for Web applications, we motivate the need for a new storage system. We then describe the architecture of such a system, called Yesquel. Yesquel supports the SQL query language and offers performance similar to NOSQL storage systems.