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1

Vicilin-like storage globulin from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) seeds.  

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An 8S storage globulin from buckwheat seed, which resembles the structure and features common to the vicilin-like family of seed storage proteins, was analyzed for this paper. It was found that expression of the 8S globulin gene precedes that of the 13S globulin (the main buckwheat storage protein) and starts from an early stage of buckwheat seed development (9-11 days after flowering), continuing to accumulate throughout seed development to contribute approximately 7% of total seed proteins. This protein fraction might be more interesting for biotechnological application than the 13S buckwheat legumin consisting of 23-25 kDa subunits reported to be the major buckwheat allergen. A partial cDNA was also isolated, showing high homology with cDNAs coding for vicilin-like storage proteins from various plant species, and its expression profile throughout seed development as well as in different buckwheat tissues was analyzed. PMID:15291505

Milisavljevi?, Mira Dj; Timotijevi?, Gordana S; Radovi?, Svetlana R; Brkljaci?, Jelena M; Konstantinovi?, Miroslav M; Maksimovi?, Vesna R

2004-08-11

2

Molecular cloning of 11S globulin and 2S albumin, the two major seed storage proteins in sesame.  

Science.gov (United States)

Insoluble 11S globulin and soluble 2S albumin, conventionally termed alpha-globulin and beta-globulin, are the two major storage proteins and constitute 80-90% of total seed proteins in sesame. Two full-length cDNA clones were sequenced and deduced to encode sesame 11S globulin and 2S albumin precursors, respectively. Deduced amino acid composition reveals that 2S albumin, but not 11S globulin, is a sulfur-rich protein. Three abundant polypeptides of 50-60 kDa were resolved on SDS-PAGE when seed-purified 11S globulin was prepared in nonreducing conditions. Immunological analysis suggests that these three polypeptides are encoded by homologous genes. Immunodetection on the overexpressed protein of the 11S globulin clone in Escherichia coli indicates that this clone encodes the precursor protein of one of the three purified 11S globulin polypeptides. PMID:10606554

Tai, S S; Wu, L S; Chen, E C; Tzen, J T

1999-12-01

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Gene families encoding isoforms of two major sesame seed storage proteins, 11S globulin and 2S albumin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed has been recognized as a nutritional protein source owing to its richness in methionine. Storage proteins have been implicated in allergenic responses to sesame consumption. Two abundant storage proteins, 11S globulin and 2S albumin, constitute 60-70 and 15-25% of total sesame proteins, respectively. Two gene families separately encoding four 11S globulin and three 2S albumin isoforms were identified in a database search of 3328 expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences from maturing sesame seeds. Full-length cDNA sequences derived from these two gene families were completed by PCR using a maturing sesame cDNA library as the template. The amino acid compositions of these deduced storage proteins revealed that the richness in methionine is attributed mainly to two 2S albumin isoforms and partly to one 11S globulin isoform. The presence of four 11S globulin and three 2S albumin isoforms resolved in SDS-PAGE was confirmed by MALDI-MS analyses. The abundance of these isoforms was in accord with the occurrence frequency of their EST sequences in the database. A comprehensive understanding of these storage proteins at the molecular level may also facilitate the identification of allergens in crude sesame products that have caused severe allergic reactions increasingly reported in the past decade. PMID:17147444

Hsiao, Eric S L; Lin, Li-Jen; Li, Feng-Yin; Wang, Miki M C; Liao, Ming-Yuan; Tzen, Jason T C

2006-12-13

4

Use of a single method in the extraction of the seed storage globulins from several legume species. Application to analyse structural comparisons within the major classes of globulins.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a single, improved methodology was used to extract, fractionate and purify the 11S (legumin-type or related to the alpha-conglutin from Lupinus albus L.), 7S (vicilin-type or related to the beta-conglutin from L. albus) and 2S (related to the gamma-conglutin from L. albus) families of proteins from eight legume species: L. albus, Glycine max (L.) Merr., Pisum sativum L., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Lens culinaris Med. and Arachis hypogaea L. The sedimentation coefficients obtained varied from 1.9 to 8.1 for the gamma-conglutin-related proteins, from 5.1 to 10.5 for the beta-conglutin-related proteins and from 12.0 to 14.9 for the alpha-conglutin-related globulins. The gamma-conglutin-related proteins is the most heterogeneous group. Antibodies produced against each type of gamma-conglutin polypeptide chain recognize the other polypeptide chain as well as other polypeptides in the corresponding globulins from all species examined. The 7S globulins are typically composed of a large number of polypeptides, covering a wide range of molecular masses (10 to 70 kD). The presence of disulphide bonds is apparently absent and the occurrence of glycopolypeptides is not widespread. Finally, the 11S globulins are characteristically formed by a limited number of polypeptides that may be divided into a lighter group (20-25 kD) and a heavier group (35-50 kD). The presence of disulphide bonds is apparently widespread but the occurrence of glycopolypeptides seems to be relatively rare. Both the 7S family and the 11S globulins studied by immunoblotting exhibit a low level of structural similarity. PMID:11103299

Freitas, R L; Ferreira, R B; Teixeira, A R

2000-09-01

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Identification of three wheat globulin genes by screening a Triticum aestivum BAC genomic library with cDNA from a diabetes-associated globulin  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Exposure to dietary wheat proteins in genetically susceptible individuals has been associated with increased risk for the development of Type 1 diabetes (T1D. Recently, a wheat protein encoded by cDNA WP5212 has been shown to be antigenic in mice, rats and humans with autoimmune T1D. To investigate the genomic origin of the identified wheat protein cDNA, a hexaploid wheat genomic library from Glenlea cultivar was screened. Results Three unique wheat globulin genes, Glo-3A, Glo3-B and Glo-3C, were identified. We describe the genomic structure of these genes and their expression pattern in wheat seeds. The Glo-3A gene shared 99% identity with the cDNA of WP5212 at the nucleotide and deduced amino acid level, indicating that we have identified the gene(s encoding wheat protein WP5212. Southern analysis revealed the presence of multiple copies of Glo-3-like sequences in all wheat samples, including hexaploid, tetraploid and diploid species wheat seed. Aleurone and embryo tissue specificity of WP5212 gene expression, suggested by promoter region analysis, which demonstrated an absence of endosperm specific cis elements, was confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy using anti-WP5212 antibodies. Conclusion Taken together, the results indicate that a diverse group of globulins exists in wheat, some of which could be associated with the pathogenesis of T1D in some susceptible individuals. These data expand our knowledge of specific wheat globulins and will enable further elucidation of their role in wheat biology and human health.

MacFarlane Amanda J

2009-07-01

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Globulin-p and 11S-globulin from amaranthus Hypochondriacus: are two isoforms of the 11S-globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Amaranth is an ancient crop with a high content of good quality proteins. Globulins are some of the most abundant storage proteins of amaranth grain. They contain two fractions distinguishable according to their different solubility: the salt-soluble 7S and 11S-globulins and the globulin-p soluble in mild-alkaline, low-ionic-strength solutions. As part of the amaranth proteins characterization, in this work we investigated the structural characteristics responsible for the different physicochemical properties of these globulins. We studied certain conformational parameters of the purified aggregates (AMGp) and individual molecules (IMGp) of globulin-p and of the partially purified globulin (ppGb) and compared the AMGp polypeptide sequences with the sequence of the 11S-globulin propolypeptide from Amaranthus (gi|122726601). The results indicated that the AMGp aggregates are responsible for the different solubility of globulin-p. Subtle conformational differences as determined by fluorescence spectroscopy and urea sensitivity were found between the molecules studied: The AMGp showed some surface differences from the IMGp and the ppGb; the AMGp also had a lower affinity for the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1,8-aniline-naphthalene-sulfonate and a higher ionic charge than the ppGb and the IMGp, characteristics that might cause their lower solubility. In addition, we have demonstrated differences between the AMGp polypeptide sequences and that reported for amaranth 11S-globulin. These differences suggest that the globulin-p and 11S-globulin are two 11S-globulin isoforms comprised of polypeptides coming from different legumin-gene subfamilies. PMID:19921410

Quiroga, Alejandra; Martínez, E Nora; Rogniaux, Hélène; Geairon, Audrey; Añón, M Cristina

2009-12-01

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The molecular biology and biochemistry of rice endosperm ?-globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author's first objective was to isolate a cDNA clone that encodes the rice endosperm ?-globulin. Purified antibodies against a rice storage protein, ?-globulin, were used to screen a ?gt11 cDNA expression library constructed from immature rice seed endosperm. The cDNA insert of clone 4A1 (identified by antibody screening) was used as a probe to identify long cDNA inserts in the library. The deduced amino acid sequence of clone A3-12 cDNA insert (identified by cDNA screening) contained the amino acid sequences of three cyanogen bromide peptides fragment of ?-globulin. The calculated molecular weight and amino acid composition of the deduced amino acid sequence were similar to the ?-globulin protein. Northern blot analysis indicated that mRNA of one size, approximately 1.0 kb, is expressed. Southern genomic blot analysis revealed one band with EcoRI or Hind III digestion. Cell-free translation and immunoprecipitation showed that the initial translation product is approximately 2,000 daltons larger than the mature protein. The amino acid sequence of ?-globulin revealed limited regions of similarities with wheat storage proteins. The author concludes that the cDNA insert in clone A3-12 contained the entire coding region of ?-globulin protein and that ?-globulin is encoded by a single gene. My second objective was to inhibit the degradation of ?-globulin in the salt extract of rice flour. The salt extract of rice flour contained an acid protease whose optimal pH was 3 for 3H-casein hydrolysis. A polypeptide with molecular weight of 20,000 was immunologically reactive with ?-globulin antibodies and is produced by limited proteolysis in the extract. Pepstatin inhibited the proteolysis of 3H-casein and slowed the proteolysis of ?-globulin

1989-01-01

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Vicilins (7S storage globulins) of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) larvae  

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The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed vicilins (7S storage proteins) bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicilins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vic...

Sales, M. P.; Pimenta, P. P.; Paes, N. S.; Grossi-de-sa?, M. F.; Xavier-filho, J.

2001-01-01

9

The molecular biology and biochemistry of rice endosperm. alpha. -globulin  

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The author's first objective was to isolate a cDNA clone that encodes the rice endosperm {alpha}-globulin. Purified antibodies against a rice storage protein, {alpha}-globulin, were used to screen a {lambda}gt11 cDNA expression library constructed from immature rice seed endosperm. The cDNA insert of clone 4A1 (identified by antibody screening) was used as a probe to identify long cDNA inserts in the library. The deduced amino acid sequence of clone A3-12 cDNA insert (identified by cDNA screening) contained the amino acid sequences of three cyanogen bromide peptides fragment of {alpha}-globulin. The calculated molecular weight and amino acid composition of the deduced amino acid sequence were similar to the {alpha}-globulin protein. Northern blot analysis indicated that mRNA of one size, approximately 1.0 kb, is expressed. Southern genomic blot analysis revealed one band with EcoRI or Hind III digestion. Cell-free translation and immunoprecipitation showed that the initial translation product is approximately 2,000 daltons larger than the mature protein. The amino acid sequence of {alpha}-globulin revealed limited regions of similarities with wheat storage proteins. The author concludes that the cDNA insert in clone A3-12 contained the entire coding region of {alpha}-globulin protein and that {alpha}-globulin is encoded by a single gene. My second objective was to inhibit the degradation of {alpha}-globulin in the salt extract of rice flour. The salt extract of rice flour contained an acid protease whose optimal pH was 3 for {sup 3}H-casein hydrolysis. A polypeptide with molecular weight of 20,000 was immunologically reactive with {alpha}-globulin antibodies and is produced by limited proteolysis in the extract. Pepstatin inhibited the proteolysis of 3H-casein and slowed the proteolysis of {alpha}-globulin.

Shorrosh, B.S.

1989-01-01

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Vicilins (7S storage globulins of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae larvae  

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Full Text Available The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata seed vicilins (7S storage proteins bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicilins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vicilins in the appropriate sections with immunogold conjugates. These labeling sites coincided with the sites labeled by an anti-chitin antibody. These results, taken together with those previously published showing that the lower rates of hydrolysis of variant vicilins from C. maculatus-resistant seeds by the insect's midgut proteinases and those showing that vicilins bind to chitin matrices, may explain the detrimental effects of variant vicilins on the development of C. maculatus larvae.

M.P. Sales

2001-01-01

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Vicilins (7S storage globulins) of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds bind to chitinous structures of the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) larvae  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The presence of chitin in midgut structures of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae was shown by chemical and immunocytochemical methods. Detection by Western blotting of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seed vicilins (7S storage proteins) bound to these structures suggested that C. maculatus-susceptible vicil [...] ins presented less staining when compared to C. maculatus-resistant vicilins. Storage proteins present in the microvilli in the larval midgut of the bruchid were recognized by immunolabeling of vicilins in the appropriate sections with immunogold conjugates. These labeling sites coincided with the sites labeled by an anti-chitin antibody. These results, taken together with those previously published showing that the lower rates of hydrolysis of variant vicilins from C. maculatus-resistant seeds by the insect's midgut proteinases and those showing that vicilins bind to chitin matrices, may explain the detrimental effects of variant vicilins on the development of C. maculatus larvae.

Sales, M.P.; Pimenta, P.P.; Paes, N.S.; Grossi-de-Sá, M.F.; Xavier-Filho, J..

12

Genetics Home Reference: Inherited thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency  

Science.gov (United States)

... Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Inherited thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency On this page: Description Genetic ... Glossary definitions Reviewed September 2009 What is inherited thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency? Inherited thyroxine-binding globulin deficiency ...

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Regulation of the globulins of lupin seed  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Seeds of Lupinus angustifolius contain three globulins, conglutins ?, ?, ? with methionine contents of 0.2, 0.0 and 1.3%, which can be resolved and estimated by electrophoresis on cellulose acetate. It is suggested that a significant improvement in sulphur-amino acid content of lupin seed could be achieved by selecting varieties rich in conglutins ? and ?. This lupin, grown in the virtual absence of sulphate and visibly sulphur deficients, produces viable seeds with about the normal protein content but with most of the usual conglutins ? and ? replaced by conglutin ?. As would be expected, these seeds are very low in methionine because they contain mostly conglutin ?. This appears to be the first report of a dramatic change in the proportions of individual legume globulins following manipulation of plant nutrition. (author)

1975-05-05

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Vacuolar sorting behaviors of 11S globulins in plant cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

Plant seed cells amass storage proteins that are synthesized on the endoplasmic reticulumn (ER) and then transported to protein storage vacuoles (PSVs). Many dicotyledonous seeds contain 11S globulin (11S) as a major storage protein. We investigated the accumulation behaviors of pea and pumpkin 11S during seed maturation and compared them with soybean 11S biogenesis (Mori et al., 2004). The accumulation of pea 11S in seeds was very similar to that of soybean 11S at all the development stages we examined, whereas pumpkin 11S condensed in the ER. The determinant of accumulation behavior might be the surface hydrophobicity of 11S. Further, we examined the accumulation of 11Ss in tobacco BY-2 cells to analyze behavior in the same environment. 11Ss expressed in BY2 cells were all observed in precursor form (pro11S). Pro11S with high surface hydrophobicity might be transported to vacuoles in a multivesicular body-mediated pathway when the expression level remains low. PMID:19129658

Mori, Takashi; Saruta, Yohei; Fukuda, Takako; Prak, Krisna; Ishimoto, Masao; Maruyama, Nobuyuki; Utsumi, Shigeru

2009-01-01

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Thyroxine-binding globulin: investigation of microheterogeneity  

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Preparations of T4-binding globulin (TBG) from human serum was performed using only two affinity chromatography steps. Purity of the protein was demonstrated by a single band in overloaded disc and sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis, equimolar binding to T4, and linearity in sedimentation velocity run. The molecular weight was calculated to be 60,000 +/- 3,000 daltons (n = 3), the sedimentation coefficient was 3.95S, and the Stokes' radius was 37 A. The amino acid composition was found to...

1981-01-01

16

21 CFR 862.1685 - Thyroxine-binding globulin test system.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Thyroxine-binding globulin test system. ...Chemistry Test Systems § 862.1685 Thyroxine-binding globulin test system. (a) Identification. A thyroxine-binding globulin test system is...

2010-04-01

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Amaranth 7S globulin Langmuir films and its interaction with l-?-dipalmitoilphosphatidilcholine at the air-fluid interface.  

Science.gov (United States)

Amaranth seeds are one of the more promising food ingredients, due to their high protein content, among which the most important are storage proteins known as globulins. However, little is known about the physicochemical of the globulin proteins. In this work, we study the physicochemical behavior of films made of amaranth 7S globulin and its interaction with a model membrane made of L-?-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (L-?-DPPC) at the air-liquid interface. The study was done by means of Langmuir balance, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), fluorescence microscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). We found that isotherms of pure 7S globulin directly deposited on either water or buffer subphases behave similarly and globulin forms a condensed film made of globular and denature structures, which was confirmed by BAM observations. Good mixtures of the protein with L-?-DPPC are formed at low surface pressure. However, they phase separate from moderate to high surface pressure as observed by BAM. Isotherms detect the presence of the protein in the mixture with L-?-DPPC, but we were unable to detect it through BAM or AFM. We show that fluorescence microscopy is a very good technique to detect the presence of the protein when it is well-mixed within the LE phase of the lipid. AFM images clearly show the formation of protein mono- and multilayers, and in phase mode, we detected domains that are formed by protein and LE lipid phase, which were corroborated by fluorescence microscopy. We have shown that globulin 7S mix well with lipid phases, which could be important in food applications as stabilizers or emulsifiers, but we also show that they can phase separate with a moderate to high surface pressure. PMID:24125489

Garcia-Gonzalez, Alcione; Flores-Vazquez, A L; Barba de la Rosa, A P; Vazquez-Martinez, E A; Ruiz-Garcia, J

2013-11-14

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Partial characterization of the lysine rich 280kD globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench): its antigenic homology with seed proteins of some other crops.  

Science.gov (United States)

A high molecular weight (HMW) globulin, the main storage protein in grains of the common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) has been partially characterized. The protein exists as an oligomeric complex with molecular mass of 280 kD and is composed of three groups (alpha, beta and gamma of polypeptides with molecular weights ranging between 55-60, 32-44 and 16-29 kD respectively. The protein showed serological cross reactivity with globulins of soya bean, mung bean and pea. Antibodies raised against the purified protein did not recognize the storage proteins from broad bean, rice, wheat and grain amaranth. The 280 kD globulin of buckwheat grains belongs to the legumin family of proteins. PMID:8908369

Rout, M K; Chrungoo, N K

1996-10-01

19

Crystallization of pumpkin seed globulin: growth and dissolution kinetics  

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Quasi-elastic light scattering was used to investigate the nucleation and crystallization of pumpkin ( Cucurbita) seed globulin. The diameter of the pumpkin globulin monomer was measured to be ? 5-6 nm. The supersaturation dependence of critical nucleus size was obtained, and this allowed an estimate of the interfacial free energy to be ? ? 6.1 x 10 -2 erg/cm 2. The crystallization and dissolution kinetics were investigated for 4.9-16 mg/ml protein solutions containing 1-7% NaCl. The solubility data as a function of precipitant concentration and temperature were obtained and these will be utilized for optimization of the crystallization conditions for the pumpkin globulin.

Malkin, Alexander J.; McPherson, Alexander

1993-10-01

20

Characterisation of different digestion susceptibility of lupin seed globulins.  

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This study describes in vitro digestion of lupin seed globulins by pancreatin, trypsin and chymotrypsin. Lupin seed globulins turned out to be almost totally susceptible to chymotrypsin digestion. When panceratin or trypsin were used for digestion of lupin seed globulins, ?-conglutin appeared to be resistant to proteolysis. Different fluorescence spectroscopic methods such as fluorescence anisotropy, fluorescence lifetimes and fluorescence quenching measurements were used for detailed characterisation of this phenomenon. A potential reason for ?-conglutin insensitivity to digestion may be related to the fact that lysine, as well as arginine, are positively charged at cell physiological pH. Simultaneously, flavonoids at this pH are partially ionised, which may lead to the occurrence of ionic interactions between these molecules at pH 7.5. The confirmation of this explanation may be the fact that ?-conglutin and vitexin form a static complex, which was observed using fluorescence quenching measurements. PMID:24054261

Czubinski, Jaroslaw; Dwiecki, Krzysztof; Siger, Aleksander; Neunert, Grazyna; Lampart-Szczapa, Eleonora

2014-01-15

 
 
 
 
21

Treatment of neonatal sepsis with intravenous immune globulin  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of death and complications despite antibiotic treatment. Effective adjunctive treatments are needed. Newborn infants are relatively deficient in endogenous immunoglobulin. Meta-analyses of trials of intravenous immune globulin for suspected or proven neonatal sepsis suggest a reduced rate of death from any cause, but the trials have been small and have varied in quality.

Brocklehurst, Peter; Farrell, Barbara

2011-01-01

22

Congenital hypothyroidism with hereditary, raised thyroxine binding globulin.  

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A boy with congenital hypothyroidism and hereditary raised thyroxine binding globulin is described. This hitherto unreported combination resulted in under treatment of the thyroid deficiency until serum thyroid stimulating hormone measurement became routinely available. Inadequate L-thyroxine replacement treatment between 2 and 7 years of age caused retarded bone maturation, poor growth velocity, and probably added to his educational difficulties.

Archer, L. N.; O Malley, B. P.; Swift, P. G.

1985-01-01

23

Immune Globulin Subcutaneous (Human) 20%: In Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders  

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Immune globulin subcutaneous 20% is a new high-concentration (200 g/L) solution of highly purified human IgG (?98%) indicated in the EU and the US for antibody replacement therapy in patients with primary immunodeficiency with antibody deficiency, and in the EU for replacement therapy in humoral immunodeficiency secondary to myeloma or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.

2012-01-01

24

Cutaneous Finding in Anti Thymocyte Globulin Induced Serum Sickness  

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Polyclonal anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) is used as an immunosuppressive agent in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA). Serum sickness is a recognized side effect of ATG. We observed abnormal skin manifestation in patient with aplastic anemia who had been treated with ATG. We conclude that abnormal immune function caused by aplastic anemia and ATG and corticosteroids may aggravate the signs of serum sickness.

Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh; Mehran Karimi; Reza Amin

2006-01-01

25

LENTIL TANNIN-GLOBULIN INTERACTIONAND AND IN VITRO HYDROLYSIS  

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Full Text Available Protein fractions were isolated from lentil cotyledons and tannins were isolated and purified from lentil seed coats. The globulin fraction corresponded to 42.7% of the total lentil flour nitrogen, representing the major protein fraction. Acetone:water (7:3 was the best extractant for seed coat tannins compared to methanol or methanol-HCl 1%. Native and heated (99oC/15 min. isolated lentil globulin and casein were hydrolyzed with trypsin and pepsin in the absence of tannins and at 1:40, 1:20, 1:10, 1:5 and 1:2.5 tannin-to-protein ratios. The tryptic and peptic hydrolysis of the unheated proteins were reduced with increasing tannin-to-protein ratios. Unheated casein showed to be more susceptible to trypsin than globulin and the opposite effect was observed with pepsin. Heating followed by tannin interaction and hydrolysis had a more pronounced effect on tryptic than peptic digestion for both proteins.

NEVES Valdir A.

1998-01-01

26

Features of gamma-globulin denaturation at thermal and ?-radiating influences  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Effect of different doses of gamma radiation of 57Co isotope on the peculiarities in spectral alterations of globulin-gamma is studied as well as effect of 55 deg C and 70 deg C temperatures. Data on the specific character of hypochromic and hyperchromic effects, bathochromic and hypsochromic shifts in separate derivatives of the absorption spectrum of globulin-gamma are presented. Proposition on the exclusiveness of hyperchromic effect in case of globulin-gamma and albumin denaturation is removed

2000-08-01

27

ALTERATIONS IN TOTAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATION, SERUM PROTEIN FRACTIONS AND ALBUMIN/GLOBULIN RATIO IN HEALTHY RABBITS  

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This study assessed the effect of oral administration of Aloe vera and was to evaluate total serum protein, albumin and globulin concentrations as well as albumin / globulin (A / G) ratio. Twenty rabbits weighing 1000 – 1800 g were divided into 2 groups. Each group consisted of ten animals. One served as control and other group served as experimental group. Results show that animals after 07, 15 and 30 days dosing of Aloe vera showed highly significant decrease in total protein and globulin...

2013-01-01

28

Gc globulin as a diagnostoc and prognostic marker in horses : A Ph.d. project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Group specific (Gc) globulin also known as vitamin D-binding protein is part of the extracellular actin-scavenging system that removes actin from the circulation. Actin is an intracellular structural protein, which is released to blood in patients with tissue injury and cell death. Circulating actin forms filaments, which cause microthrombi and endothelial injury. These effects of circulating actin are extremely harmful, and high levels of free actin are potentially lethal. Gc-globulin binds to actin and removes it from the circulation via the reticuloendothelial system. Plasma concentrations of Gc-globulin decrease after conditions causing tissue injury and cell death, for example physical trauma, sepsis, experimentally induced endotoxemia or liver failure. In humans, decreases in Gc-globulin levels are observed within 60 minutes after trauma. Studies in humans and laboratory rodents have shown that very low concentration of plasma Gc-globulin are related to an increased risk of developing shock and lethal complications of trauma. Gc-globulin is thus a prognostic marker in intensive care medicine. It has been suggested that treatment with Gc-globulin to patients with severe tissue injury can prevent development of shock and thereby increase survival chances. The in vivo toxicity of Gc-globulin infusion is currently being investigated in horses and other species. Gc-globulin has been demonstrated in horse plasma and its structure closely resembles that of human Gc-globulin. Gc-globulin concentrations in horses under clinical conditions have never previously been investigated. The Ph.D. project focuses on Gc-globulin as a prognostic marker in horses with acute abdominal pain.

Pihl, Tina Holberg

29

Sex hormone binding globulin in the rat olfactory system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ovarian steroids are known to act on the olfactory system. Their mode of action, however, is mostly unclear to date since nuclear receptors are lacking in sensory neurons. Here we used immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR to study expression and distribution of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in the rat olfactory system. Single sensory cells in the olfactory mucosa and their projections in the olfactory bulb showed specific SHBG immunostaining as determined by double immunofluorescence with olfactory marker protein OMP. Larger groups of SHBG stained sensory cells occurred in the vomeronasal organ (VNO). A portion of the olfactory glomeruli in the accessory olfactory bulb showed large networks of SHBG positive nerve fibres. Some of the mitral cells showed SHBG immune fluorescence. RT-PCR revealed SHBG encoding mRNA in the olfactory mucosa, in the VNO and in the olfactory bulbs indicating intrinsic expression of the binding globulin. The VNO and its related projections within the limbic system are known to be sensitive to gonadal steroid hormones. We conclude that SHBG may be of functional importance for rapid effects of olfactory steroids on limbic functions including the control of reproductive behaviours through pheromones. PMID:24681170

Ploss, V; Gebhart, V M; Dölz, W; Jirikowski, G F

2014-05-01

30

Comparison of horse and rabbit antithymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy for refractory cytopenia of childhood.  

Science.gov (United States)

Refractory cytopenia of childhood is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children. In this study, we compared the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy using horse antithymocyte globulin (n=46) with that using rabbit antithymocyte globulin (n=49) in 95 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood and hypocellular bone marrow. The response rate at 6 months was 74% for horse antithymocyte globulin and 53% for rabbit antithymocyte globulin (P=0.04). The inferior response in the rabbit antithymocyte globulin group resulted in lower 4-year transplantation-free (69% versus 46%; P=0.003) and failure-free (58% versus 48%; P=0.04) survival rates in this group compared with those in the horse antithymocyte globulin group. However, because of successful second-line hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, overall survival was comparable between groups (91% versus 85%; P=ns). The cumulative incidence of relapse (15% versus 9%; P=ns) and clonal evolution (12% versus 4%; P=ns) at 4 years was comparable between groups. Our results suggest that the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy with rabbit antithymocyte globulin is inferior to that of horse antithymocyte globulin. Although immunosuppressive therapy is an effective therapy in selected patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood, the long-term risk of relapse or clonal evolution remains. (ClinicalTrial.gov identifiers: NCT00662090). PMID:24162791

Yoshimi, Ayami; van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M; Baumann, Irith; Schwarz, Stephan; Simonitsch-Klupp, Ingrid; de Paepe, Pascale; Campr, Vit; Kerndrup, Gitte Birk; O'Sullivan, Maureen; Devito, Rita; Leguit, Roos; Hernandez, Miguel; Dworzak, Michael; de Moerloose, Barbara; Stary, Jan; Hasle, Henrik; Smith, Owen P; Zecca, Marco; Catala, Albert; Schmugge, Markus; Locatelli, Franco; Führer, Monika; Fischer, Alexandra; Guderle, Anne; Nöllke, Peter; Strahm, Brigitte; Niemeyer, Charlotte M

2014-04-01

31

Comparison of horse and rabbit antithymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy for refractory cytopenia of childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

Refractory cytopenia of childhood is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children. In this study, we compared the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy using horse antithymocyte globulin (n=46) with that using rabbit antithymocyte globulin (n=49) in 95 patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood and hypocellular bone marrow. The response rate at 6 months was 74% for horse antithymocyte globulin and 53% for rabbit antithymocyte globulin (P=0.04). The inferior response in the rabbit antithymocyte globulin group resulted in lower 4-year transplantation-free (69% versus 46%; P=0.003) and failure-free (58% versus 48%; P=0.04) survival rates in this group compared with those in the horse antithymocyte globulin group. However, because of successful second-line hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, overall survival was comparable between groups (91% versus 85%; P=ns). The cumulative incidence of relapse (15% versus 9%; P=ns) and clonal evolution (12% versus 4%; P=ns) at 4 years was comparable between groups. Our results suggest that the outcome of immunosuppressive therapy with rabbit antithymocyte globulin is inferior to that of horse antithymocyte globulin. Although immunosuppressive therapy is an effective therapy in selected patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood, the long-term risk of relapse or clonal evolution remains. (ClinicalTrial.gov identifiers: NCT00662090)

Yoshimi, Ayami; van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marry M.; Baumann, Irith; Schwarz, Stephan; Simonitsch-Klupp, Ingrid; de Paepe, Pascale; Campr, Vit; Kerndrup, Gitte Birk; O'Sullivan, Maureen; Devito, Rita; Leguit, Roos; Hernandez, Miguel; Dworzak, Michael; de Moerloose, Barbara; Stary, Jan; Hasle, Henrik; Smith, Owen P.; Zecca, Marco; Catala, Albert; Schmugge, Markus; Locatelli, Franco; Fuhrer, Monika; Fischer, Alexandra; Guderle, Anne; Nollke, Peter; Strahm, Brigitte; Niemeyer, Charlotte M.

2014-01-01

32

Endocrine assessment of impotence--pitfalls of measuring serum testosterone without sex-hormone-binding globulin.  

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The pitfalls of measuring only total serum testosterone are illustrated by a 52 year old man whose hyperprolactinaemia was associated with normal total serum testosterone but a raised sex-hormone-binding globulin, giving a low free testosterone. Prolactin suppression with bromocriptine normalized sex-hormone-binding globulin and free testosterone, and restored potency and energy after 30 years of impotence and tiredness.

Hardy, K. J.; Seckl, J. R.

1994-01-01

33

Homologous radioimmunoassay for guinea pig corticosteroid-binding globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A rapid, specific, and sensitive (requiring only 20 fmole of antigen equivalent to 0.007) ?l of serum) radioimmunoassay (RIA) was developed for the measurement of guinea pig corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG). CBG was purified to homogeneity from guinea pig serum by affinity chromatography and used for immunization, as the standard and as the radiolabeled trace in the RIA. The antiserum to CBG was raised in rabbits. It was judged specific by immunoelectrophoresis and by comparison of RIA values with steroid-binding assay profiles obtained on serum separated on the basis of size and ion-exchange properties. The results of the radioimmunoassays agree with those of a steroid-binding assay run on identical samples. The sensitivity of the assay allows detection of CBG in serial serum samples, other biologic fluids such as milk, and cell culture supernatants

1987-01-01

34

Studies on the role of glycosylation for human corticosteroid-binding globulin: Comparison with that for thyroxine-binding globulin  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The role of glycosylation on the secretion and the stability of human corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) was studied. Cells of the human hepatoma line were labeled by ({sup 35}S)methionine in presence of or absence of tunicamycin (TM). Media or cells were harvested at 0, 3, 6, and 20 h after the addition of excess unlabeled methionine. Media and cell lysates were incubated with anti-CBG serum and immune complexes were precipitated with Staphylococcus aureus protein A (Pansorbin). Immunoprecipitates were analyzed by fluorography after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Immunoprecipitation of T4-binding globulin (TBG) was also carried out with anti-TBG serum. Fluorographic analysis revealed three forms of CBG: CBG1, a glycosylated, mature, and secretory form with apparent mol wt of 70 K; CBG2, a glycosylated precursor which due to incomplete carbohydrate processing has an apparent mol wt of 54 K; and CBG3, a nonglycosylated form consisting of the 40 K core protein. In absence of TM, CBG1 was observed in media and CBG2 was detected in cell lysates. The proportion of CBG1 increased during the chase, whereas that of CBG2 decreased, indicating that CBG was secreted after processing of the oligosaccharides on CBG2. In presence of TM, CBG3 was found both in media and cell lysates. The sum of CBG3 in the medium and the cell lysate decreased during the chase, whereas that of CBG1 and CBG2 remained unchanged. Similar to CBG, TBG1 (mature form, 60 K) and TBG2 (partially processed glycosylated form, 54 K) were observed in media and cell lysates, respectively, in absence of TM. However, TBG3 (nonglycosylated, 44 K) was not detected in medium. These results indicate that glycosylation is not a key factor for the secretion of CBG but is important for its stability. On the other hand the glycosylation is indispensable for the secretion of TBG.

Murata, Y.; Sueda, K.; Seo, H.; Matsui, N. (Nagoya Univ. (Japan))

1989-09-01

35

Labeling of human immune gamma globulin with sup(99m)Tc  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Human immune serum gamma globulin and rabbit anti-Stap. aureus antibody have been successfully labeled with sup(99m)Tc at pH 7.4 with an average binding efficiency of 86 and 82%, respectively. The labeled proteins behave similarly to unlabeled gamma-globulin fraction in the normal human serum as demonstrated by protein electrophoresis. The biological half-time of sup(99m)Tc-gamma-globulin in dog has been determined to be 54 min for the fast component and 14.7 hr for a slower component. Immunological assays demonstrate no significant change in antibody activity after labeling process. (author)

1977-01-01

36

SIFAT FUNGSIONAL PRODUK INTERAKSI FRAKSI GLOBULIN 7S KOMAK (Dolichos lablab DAN GUM XANTAN [Functional Properties of the Interaction Product Between Globulin of 7S Fraction of Lablab Bean (Dolichos lablab with Xantan Gum  

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Full Text Available Lablab bean (Dolichos lablab seeds is a potential source of protein globulin.The bean’s protein content is 20.86 %, and the amount of globulin was more than 60% from the total protein, having major fractions of 7S and 11S. The objectives of this research were to explore the 7S globulin fractions, to study interaction between 7S globulin fractions with xanthan gum, and to observe the functional properties of the product of the interaction. The research was conducted in 2 steps. The first step was to fractionate the 7S fractions from globulin. The second steps was to interact 7S globulin fraction with xanthan gum. The yield of these interaction were examined for its physicochemical and functional properties. The results showed that the 7S globulin fractions could be interacted by xanthan gum at pH 7. The interacted product of globulin 7S fraction 10 % with xanthan gum 0,75 % had good functional properties than globulin 7S fraction, such as oil holding capacity, foaming capacity, and emulsion activity. Water holding capacity could not be detected because the yield became soluble. However,the foaming and emulsifying stability were still lower than those of soybean protein isolates. The research concluded that xanthan gum could be used to improve the physicochemical and functional properties of globulin 7S fraction.

Sukamto1*

2009-12-01

37

Novel hydrophobic ligand-containing hydrogel membrane matrix: preparation and application to gamma-globulins adsorption.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, phenylalanine as a hydrophobic ligand was covalently attached to the co-monomer methacrylochloride. Then, poly(2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate-co-methacrylamidophenyalanine) [poly(HEMA-MAPA)] membranes were prepared by UV-initiated photopolymerization of HEMA and methacrylamidophenyalanine. The gamma-globulins adsorption onto these affinity membranes from aqueous solutions containing different amounts of gamma-globulins at different pH was investigated in a batch system. The gamma-globulins adsorption capacity of the membranes was increased as the ligand density on the membrane surface increase. The non-specific adsorption of the gamma-globulins on the pHEMA membranes was negligible. The adsorption phenomena appeared to follow a typical Langmuir isotherm. The maximum adsorption capacity (q(m)) of the poly(HEMA-MAPA4) membrane for gamma-globulins was 2.37 mg g(-1) dry membrane. The equilibrium constant (k(d)) value was found to be 1.61x10(-1) mg ml(-1). More than 87% (up to 100%) of the adsorbed gamma-globulins were desorbed in 120 min in the desorption medium containing 50% ethylene glycol in 1.0 M NaCl. PMID:11397630

Yakup Arica, M; Akin-Öktem, G; Denizli, A

2001-08-01

38

Safety Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacokinetic Assessment of Human Gc Globulin (Vitamin D Binding Protein)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Gc globulin is an important protein of the plasma actin-scavenger system. As such, it has been shown to bind free actin and prevent hypercoagulation and shock in patients with massive actin release resulting from severe tissue injuries. Treatment of such patients with Gc globulin could therefore potentially be life-saving. This article presents pre-clinical toxicology experiments conducted on purified plasma-derived human Gc globulin. The Gc globulin formulation was shown to be stable for at least 4 years with full retention of actin-binding capacity. In vitro studies did not reveal activation of the kallikrein system or the complement system and cellular studies showed no toxic effects on a variety of human cell lines. In vivo studies showed no acute toxic effects in mice, rats or guinea pigs upon intravenous infusion. A 14-day local tolerance study in rabbits showed no adverse effects, and 14-day toxicity studies in rats and horses did not show any unwanted reactions. In a 14-day toxicology study in beagle dogs, formation of antibodies was seen and in the end of the study period, three out of four dogs showed clinical immunological reactions, which could be ascribed to the formation of antibodies. The half-life, T, for human Gc globulin was 12 hr in rats, 16 hr in horses and 30 hr in dogs. The safety profile of plasma-derived Gc globulin is concluded to be consistent to that required for use in man.

Pihl, Tina Holberg; Jørgensen, Charlotte Svaerke

2010-01-01

39

Influence of immunization on serum ?-globulin levels of calves following whole-body X irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Calves aged 2.5 to 4 months were whole-body X irradiated with mean lethal doses between 1.2 and 1.7 Gy. The effect of different immunization procedures on the irradiation-induced reaction of the serum gamma globulin levels was studied. Immunization 14 and 21 days before irradiation resulted in obvious stimulation gamma globulin production. After parenteral antigen administration the nearly 2 weeks lasting increase of the gamma globulin level rose in the irradiated animals but declined in the sham-irradiated calves. After a lethal dosis of 1.7 Gy there was a decrease of the gamma globulins 3 weeks post irradiation, at the climax of the radiation syndrome. When 1.5 Gy were used the increase of the gamma globulin concentration was observed also after oral administration of the antigen. The response of the irradiated animals in the secondary reaction of the antibody production was most lear after boosting with homologous bacteria. The stimulating effect of the irradiation on the serum globulin levels after immunization prior to irradiation has been attributed to the reaction of the immunoglobulin-producing system to the release of tissue proteins and antigens, respectively

1980-01-01

40

Expression of corticosteroid binding globulin in the rat olfactory system.  

Science.gov (United States)

Glucocorticoids are known to act on the olfactory system although their mode of action is still unclear since nuclear glucocorticoid receptors are mostly absent in the olfactory mucosa. In this study we used immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridization, and RT-PCR to study the expression and distribution of corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) in the rat olfactory system. Mucosal goblet cells could be immunostained for CBG. Nasal secretion contained measurable amounts of CBG suggesting that CBG is liberated. CBG immunoreactivity was localized in many of the basal cells of the olfactory mucosa, while mature sensory cells contained CBG only in processes as determined by double immunostaining with the olfactory marker protein OMP. This staining was most pronounced in the vomeronasal organ (VNO). The appearance of CBG in the non-sensory and sensory parts of the VNO and in nerve terminals in the accessory bulb indicated axonal transport. Portions of the periglomerular cells, the mitral cells and the tufted cells were also CBG positive. CBG encoding transcripts were confirmed by RT-PCR in homogenates of the olfactory mucosa and VNO. Olfactory CBG may be significant for uptake, accumulation and transport of glucocorticoids, including aerosolic cortisol. PMID:23141917

Dölz, Wilfried; Eitner, Annett; Caldwell, Jack D; Jirikowski, Gustav F

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
41

Radioimmunoassay of human sex hormone binding globulin: improved radioiodination procedure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), purified by affinity chromatography from retroplacental blood plasma, was reacted with 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl) propionic acid N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester (PHPPS, Bolton-Hunter reagent). The derivative of SHBG obtained (parahydroxyphenylpropionyl-SHBG; PHPP-SHBG) was stable and could, in contrast to underived SHBG, be efficiently 125I-iodinated with a lactoperoxidase technique. The PHPP-SHBG labelled with 125I had good antiserum binding and stability properties and was used for radioimmunoassay (RIA) of SHBG in serum. The RIA requires a total incubation time of 3 h. It has been standardized with purified SHBG and has a sensitivity of 5 micrograms/l, giving a lowest detectable concentration in the routine procedure (samples diluted 1:40) of about 0.2 mg/l. Variation within and between assay was 4.1% and 7.2%, respectively, for samples with values within the normal range. Values obtained by this RIA procedure correlate well with those obtained by a dihydrotestosterone binding method and by an electroimmunoassay technique. The mean serum concentration of SHBG in healthy, regularly menstruating women (n = 42) was 3.7 +/- 1.0 (SD, standard deviation) mg/l and in healthy men (n = 100) 2.0 +/- 0.9 mg/l. PMID:4041075

Fernlund, P; Gershagen, S; Larsson, I; Rannevik, G

1985-09-01

42

Thermal denaturation of sunflower globulins in low moisture conditions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

DSC analysis in pressure resisting pans of sunflower oil cake makes appear the endothermic peak of sunflower globulins denaturation. Its temperature decreases from 189.5 to 119.9 deg. C while the corresponding enthalpy increases from 2.6 to 3.3 J/g of sample, or from 6.7 to 12.2 J/g of dry protein, when the samples moisture content varies from 0 to 30.0% of the total weight. The plot of the denaturation temperature versus the moisture content is not linear but has a rounded global shape and seems to follow the hydration behavior of the proteins, modeled with the sorption isotherm. As it can be seen on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs, protein corpuscles 'melt' after such a thermal treatment and large aggregates form by coagulation. Moisture dependence of the 'fusion' temperature of native proteic organization, in low moisture conditions, offers so a new characterization method for the use of vegetable proteins in agro-materials.

Rouilly, A.; Orliac, O.; Silvestre, F.; Rigal, L

2003-03-05

43

Thermal denaturation of sunflower globulins in low moisture conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

DSC analysis in pressure resisting pans of sunflower oil cake makes appear the endothermic peak of sunflower globulins denaturation. Its temperature decreases from 189.5 to 119.9 deg. C while the corresponding enthalpy increases from 2.6 to 3.3 J/g of sample, or from 6.7 to 12.2 J/g of dry protein, when the samples moisture content varies from 0 to 30.0% of the total weight. The plot of the denaturation temperature versus the moisture content is not linear but has a rounded global shape and seems to follow the hydration behavior of the proteins, modeled with the sorption isotherm. As it can be seen on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs, protein corpuscles 'melt' after such a thermal treatment and large aggregates form by coagulation. Moisture dependence of the 'fusion' temperature of native proteic organization, in low moisture conditions, offers so a new characterization method for the use of vegetable proteins in agro-materials

2003-03-05

44

Quadruple immunosuppression: comparison of OKT3 and Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

From May 1977 to June 1988, 110 patients receiving cadaveric kidney transplants were selected to receive Orthoclone (OKT3; Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation, Raritan, NJ; 5 mg intravenous bolus) (n = 43) or Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin (MAG; 20 mg/kg/day) (n = 67) as the induction phase of a quadruple immunosuppressive protocol. The duration of treatment ranged from 5 to 16 days for OKT3 (mean, 8 days) and 7 to 14 days for MAG (mean, 9 days) as dictated by the postoperative recovery of renal function. All patients were followed-up for at least 3 months (maximum, 18 months; mean, 10 months). Of the 43 patients receiving OKT3, 11 (26%) had rejection episodes that were reversed and did not reoccur. Two patients had episodes that could not be reversed, resulting in graft loss. Of the 67 patients receiving MAG, 38 (57%) experienced a first rejection episode within the follow-up period; 16 of these had repeat rejections. Renal function was significantly better in the OKT3 group. Although both OKT3 and MAG were associated with excellent patient (98%) and graft (92%) survival, OKT3 was easier to administer with fewer rejection episodes. It was concluded that OKT3 is superior to MAG as perioperative cytoreductive therapy following cadaveric kidney transplantation. PMID:2510505

Light, J A; Khawand, N; Aquino, A; Ali, A; Korb, S

1989-11-01

45

SIFAT FUNGSIONAL PRODUK INTERAKSI FRAKSI GLOBULIN 7S KOMAK (Dolichos lablab) DAN GUM XANTAN [Functional Properties of the Interaction Product Between Globulin of 7S Fraction of Lablab Bean (Dolichos lablab) with Xantan Gum  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Lablab bean (Dolichos lablab) seeds is a potential source of protein globulin.The bean’s protein content is 20.86 %, and the amount of globulin was more than 60% from the total protein, having major fractions of 7S and 11S. The objectives of this research were to explore the 7S globulin fractions, to study interaction between 7S globulin fractions with xanthan gum, and to observe the functional properties of the product of the interaction. The research was conducted in 2 steps. The first s...

2009-01-01

46

Polyclonal antithymocyte globulin and cardiovascular disease in kidney transplant recipients.  

Science.gov (United States)

T-lymphocyte activation may contribute to atherosclerosis, the prevalence of which is increased in transplant patients. However, the cardiovascular consequences of polyclonal antithymocyte globulin (ATG)-induced immune modifications, which include alterations in T-cell subsets, are unknown. We conducted a retrospective single-center study to assess whether ATG associates with an increased incidence of atherosclerotic events (CVEs) in kidney transplant patients. Propensity score analysis was performed to address potential confounding by indication. We also tested whether ATG use induces a proatherogenic immune status. Sixty-nine (12.2%) CVEs occurred during follow-up (87±31 months). The cumulative incidence of CVEs was higher in ATG-treated patients (14.7% versus 8.2%; P=0.03). Cox regression analysis revealed that ATG use was an independent risk factor for CVEs (hazard ratio [HR], 2.36; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.35 to 4.13; P=0.003). Results obtained in the propensity score match analysis recapitulated those obtained from the overall cohort (HR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.11 to 3.98; P=0.02). Late-stage differentiated CD8(+) T cells increased 1 year after transplantation only in ATG-treated patients. More generally, ATG associated with features of immune activation. These modifications increased markedly in patients exposed to cytomegalovirus (CMV). Subanalyses suggest that the effect of ATG on CVEs is restricted to CMV-exposed patients. However, CMV infection associated significantly with CVEs only in ATG-treated patients (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.16 to 3.70; P=0.01). In conclusion, ATG associated with both immune activation and post-transplant CVEs in this cohort. Further studies should precisely determine whether ATG-induced immune activation is the causal link between ATG and CVEs. PMID:24511120

Ducloux, Didier; Courivaud, Cécile; Bamoulid, Jamal; Crepin, Thomas; Chalopin, Jean-Marc; Tiberghien, Pierre; Saas, Philippe

2014-06-01

47

Antilymphoblast globulin, cyclosporine, and steroids in cadaveric renal transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to avoid cyclosporine (CsA) nephrotoxicity and rejection, especially during the early posttransplant periods, different immunosuppression regimens have been adopted. A prospective trial was conducted to evaluate the benefits of initially low CsA doses associated with antilymphoblast globulin and steroids in the first days after transplant, in comparison with higher doses of CsA and steroids. Between 1/86 and 1/88, two groups of first-cadaver renal transplant recipients were documented based on the immunosuppression regimen used. In group A (n = 50), oral CsA was started at 8 mg/kg/day and subsequent doses adjusted to maintain CsA whole-blood levels between 300 and 600 ng/ml. Horse ALG at 10 mg/kg was given the day after transplant and on alternate days to a maximum of 6 doses. After 3 doses, ALG was stopped if CsA blood levels were equal to or greater than 400 ng/ml. ALG dosage modifications were made in order to maintain peripheral CD3+ cells between 10 and 20%. Prednisone was given at 0.25 mg/kg/day. In group B (n = 50), oral CsA was started at 15 mg/kg/day. The CsA whole-blood levels were maintained between 300 and 800 ng/ml. Prednisone was administered at 0.5 mg/kg/day. The incidence of postransplant renal failure was the same in both groups (16%), but the duration of oliguria was lower in group A than in group B (3.3 +/- 2 vs. 16.2 +/- 10.7 days, P less than 0.05), as well as the incidence of acute rejection during the first 3 months (18% vs. 40%, P = 0.01. The cumulative doses of CsA and steroids were significantly lower in group A than in group B. Mean serum creatinine at 6 and 12 months remained similar in both groups. There was no difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of infection. There was no mortality in either group. The actuarial graft survival was significantly higher in group A than in group B at one (100% vs. 94%), two (97% vs. 87%), and three years (89% vs. 73%), respectively (P = 0.041). In summary, the triple regimen using simultaneously low-dose CsA, ALG, and steroids minimizes early graft dysfunction, provides efficient immunosuppression without severe infections, and gives good long-term patient and graft survival. PMID:2360253

Griño, J M; Alsina, J; Sabater, R; Castelao, A M; Gil-Vernet, S; Andres, E; Sabate, I; Mestre, M; Seron, D; Diaz, C

1990-06-01

48

Studies on a possible using of penicillin and specific globulin for treatment of Siberia ulcer infection in irradiated animals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The efficiency of anti-anthracic globulin and penicillin for treating infectious anthrax was compared in experiments on 160 guinea pigs and 400 white mice irradiated with sub-lethal doses of cobalt-60 gamma rays. It was found that penicillin retained its effectiveness in the irradiated animals whereas anti-anthracic globulin lost much of its therapeutic efficiency. (auth.)

1975-01-01

49

A systematic review of intravenous gamma globulin for therapy of acute myocarditis  

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Abstract Background Intravenous gamma globulin (IVGG) is commonly used in the management of acute myocarditis. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature evaluating this practice. Methods We conducted a comprehensive search (electronic databases, trials registries, conference proceedings, reference lists, contact with authors) to identify studies evaluating the use of IVGG in adults and children with a clinical or histologically prov...

2005-01-01

50

Proteomic Analysis of Albumins and Globulins from Wheat Variety Chinese Spring and Its Fine Deletion Line 3BS-8  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The relationship between chromosome deletion in wheat and protein expression were investigated using Chinese Spring and fine deletion line 3BS-8. Through 2-DE (2-D electrophoresis analysis, no differentially expressed proteins (DEPs were found in leaf samples; however, 47 DEPs showed at least two-fold abundance variation (p < 0.05 in matured wheat grains and 21 spots were identified by tandem MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS. Among the identified spots, four were cultivar-specific, including three (spots B15, B16, and B21 in Chinese Spring and one in 3BS-8 (spot B10. Among variety-different DEPs between Chinese Spring and 3BS-8, most spots showed a higher express profile in CS; only four spots showed up-regulated expression tendency in 3BS-8. An interesting observation was that more than half of the identified protein spots were involved in storage proteins, of which 11 spots were identified as globulins. According to these results, we can presume that the encoded genes of protein spots B15, B16, and B21 were located on the chromosome segment deleted in 3BS-8.

Yue-Ming Yan

2012-10-01

51

Gamma-globulin levels in patients with community-acquired septic shock.  

Science.gov (United States)

Polyclonal intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) can modulate the host immune response and may improve outcomes in some patients. In this prospective, noninterventional study, we assessed the time-course of gamma-globulin concentrations in 21 patients with septic shock and evaluated the relationship of gamma-globulin concentrations to disease severity and outcome. Six patients (28.5%) died. Sixteen patients (76%) had hypo-gamma-globulinemia at admission: 12 (57%) had low IgG concentrations (G650 mg/dL), 2 had low IgA concentrations (G70 mg/dL), and 9 had low IgM concentrations (G40 mg/dL). Two patients had low concentrations of all three gamma-globulins; these patients both died from refractory shock within 2 days. Patients with low IgG concentrations were indistinguishable at baseline from patients with normal IgG concentrations but had fewer vasopressor-free days (over 28 days) and more frequently developed acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (3/9 vs. 10/12; P = 0.02). All deaths occurred in the patients with low IgG concentrations (6/ 12 vs. 0/9). There was a variable increase in kappa and lambda free light chains, a marker of gamma-globulin synthesis, over time with no significant difference between low and normal IgG groups. This pilot study indicates that low concentrations of gamma-globulins, especially IgG, are common in patients with community-acquired septic shock and persist over time even when sepsis resolves. Despite similar presentation, patients with hypo-IgG had greater vasopressor requirements, were more likely to develop acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome, and had higher mortality. Patients with low IgG concentrations may represent a logical target group to study the effects of Ig supplementation in septic shock. PMID:19295479

Taccone, Fabio Silvio; Stordeur, Patrick; De Backer, Daniel; Creteur, Jacques; Vincent, Jean-Louis

2009-10-01

52

Long-term outcome after immunosuppressive therapy with horse or rabbit antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine for severe aplastic anemia in children  

Science.gov (United States)

Some prospective studies showed that rabbit antithymocyte globulin was inferior to horse antithymocyte globulin as first-line therapy for patients with severe aplastic anemia. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome of 455 children with severe aplastic anemia who received horse antithymocyte globulin (n=297) or rabbit antithymocyte globulin (n=158) combined with cyclosporine as first-line therapy between 1992 and 2010. The response rates were comparable between the horse and rabbit antithymocyte globulin groups at 3 months [46% (136/294) versus 42% (66/153), P=0.55] and 6 months [60% (178/292) versus 55% (87/143), P=1.0]. Using multivariate analysis, differences in antithymocyte globulin preparations were not associated with response rates. However, 2-year and 10-year overall survival rates in the horse antithymocyte globulin group were significantly better than those in the rabbit antithymocyte globulin group (2-year overall survival: 96% versus 87%, 10-year overall survival: 92% versus 84%, P=0.004). On the basis of multivariate analysis, use of rabbit antithymocyte globulin was a significant adverse factor for overall survival (hazard ratio = 3.56, 95% confidence interval, 1.53 – 8.28, P=0.003). Rabbit antithymocyte globulin caused more profound immunosuppression, which might be responsible for the higher incidence of severe infections. Considering that there are no studies showing the superiority of rabbit antithymocyte globulin over horse antithymocyte globulin, horse antithymocyte globulin should be recommended as a first-line therapy. However, our results justify the use of rabbit antithymocyte globulin as first-line therapy if horse antithymocyte globulin is not available.

Jeong, Dae Chul; Chung, Nack Gyun; Cho, Bin; Zou, Yao; Ruan, Min; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki; Muramatsu, Hideki; Ohara, Akira; Kosaka, Yoshiyuki; Yang, Wenyu; Kim, Hack Ki; Zhu, Xiaofan; Kojima, Seiji

2014-01-01

53

Transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin messenger RNA activities during turpentine-induced inflammation in the rat.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previously we have shown that the serum concentration of transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin markedly decreases during turpentine-induced inflammation. In the present study transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin mRNA from healthy rats and from animals with inflammation was translated in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate system. Female rats had higher levels of translatable transcortin mRNA than male animals and the level of mRNA for transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin decreased rapidly during inflammation. These results indicate that the sex difference in the serum level of transcortin and the changes in serum transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin during inflammation are mainly determined by differences in the mRNAs in the liver. PMID:2413280

Faict, D; Verhoeven, G; Mertens, B; De Moor, P

1985-09-01

54

Energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This chapter discusses the role that energy storage may have on the energy future of the US. The topics discussed in the chapter include historical aspects of energy storage, thermal energy storage including sensible heat storage, latent heat storage, thermochemical heat storage, and seasonal heat storage, electricity storage including batteries, pumped hydroelectric storage, compressed air energy storage, and superconducting magnetic energy storage, and production and combustion of hydrogen as an energy storage option

1992-01-01

55

Is Rh immune globulin needed in early first-trimester abortion? A review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prophylactic use of Rh immune globulin has been a medical success, protecting women who could be at risk from exposure to the Rh(D) antigen. Thus, it is not surprising that Rh(D) immunoprophylaxis has been extended from women with term pregnancies to all women with miscarriages, abortions, and ectopic pregnancies. In this article we review the existing medical literature to assess the risks of fetomaternal hemorrhage and Rh isoimmunization after complications of a first-trimester pregnancy, induced abortion, or ectopic pregnancy. The evidence to support the use of Rh immune globulin in the first trimester is sparse, but there is theoretic evidence of its necessity. Despite weak evidence to support its use, there is little risk. PMID:12634631

Jabara, Sami; Barnhart, Kurt T

2003-03-01

56

A simple ligand-binding assay for thyroxine-binding globulin on reusable Sephadex columns  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A method for the assay of thyroxine-binding globulin on reusable Sephadex G-25 columns is described. It depends upon elution by diluted iodothyronine-free serum of protein-bound [125I]thyroxine from the columns under conditions where binding to thyroxine-binding prealbumin and albumin are abolished. It is simple, rapid and precise, and permits determinations inlarge numbers of samples. Values (mg/l; mean +- S.D.) were: normals 31.6+-5.4, hyperthyroid 28.3+-4.8, hypothyroid 40.6+-7.5, oral contraceptives 40.1+-6.8, pregnant 50.3+-5.4, cirrhotics 20.7+-4.3. Concentrations were reduced in serum heated at 56degC, while the uptake of [125I]triiodothyronine was increased. There was a significant negative correlation between thyroxine-binding globulin concentration and triiodothyronine uptake in the heated serum samples and in euthyroid subjects

1977-01-03

57

Radioimmunological analysis of the content of thyroid hormones, and thyroxin binding globulin in the blood  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The content of general thyroxin (T_4) and triiodothyronine (T_3) as well as the absolute content of free thyroxin (ACT_4) and thyroxin binding globulin have been studied in the blood of normal people, patients with thyrotoxicosis, hypothyrosis, obesity, diabetes mellitus and also in pregnant women by a radioimmunological method using Corning kits. It has been shown that the mean concentration of thyroxin binding globulin in patients with thyrotoxicosis is decreased. However the TBG determination cannot be used as a diagnostic test for this disease because of notable variations of individual indices. T_4, T_3 and ACT_4 concentration in the blood was decreased and TBG concentration increased in patients with hypothyrosis. The content of thyroid hormones did not change in obesity, diabetes mellitus and in pregnant women in spite of the increased TBG concentration in the blood

1980-01-01

58

Failure of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) immune globulin to protect chimpanzees against experimental challenge with HIV.  

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To assess the possible efficacy of passive immunization against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) an immune globulin was prepared from plasma of HIV-seropositive donors selected to be among those having the top 12.5% of virus-neutralizing antibody titers. The immune globulin was treated with pepsin to render it intravenously tolerable. The preparation, which we termed HIVIG, neutralized 100 tissue culture 50% infective doses (TCID50) of HIV at an average dilution of 1:1000 in neutralization ...

Prince, A. M.; Horowitz, B.; Baker, L.; Shulman, R. W.; Ralph, H.; Valinsky, J.; Cundell, A.; Brotman, B.; Boehle, W.; Rey, F.

1988-01-01

59

Genetic variability of albumin-globulin content, and lipoxygenase, peroxidase activities among bread and durum wheat genotypes  

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The classical Osborne wheat proteins fraction (albumin-globulin), as well as several polypeptides from the non-gluten protein fraction using SDS-PAGE analyses were determined in the grain of five bread (T. aestivum L.) and five durum wheat (T. durum Desf.) genotypes. In addition, the activity rate of lipoxygenase (LOX) and peroxidase (POD) enzymes implicated in the antioxidant metabolism was determined. Albumins and globulins in wheat grains were characterized by rich protein pattern - ...

Žili? Sla?ana; Bara? Miroljub; Peši? Mirjana; Hadži-Taškovi?-Šukalovi? Vesna; Dodiga Dejan; Mladenovi?-Drini? Snežana; Jankovi? Marijana

2011-01-01

60

Circadian and circaseptan rhythmicities in corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) binding activity of human milk.  

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It has been demonstrated that human milk contains a corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG, transcortin) which is very similar to that isolated from plasma. It is agreed, moreover, that the cortisol environment of the breast is important for the synthesis of major milk proteins. It was of interest, therefore, to investigate whether milk transcortin exhibits circadian variations in the binding activity as does the plasma counterpart. Twelve lactating women, aged 23-35 years, collected specimens ...

Angeli, Alberto; Bertino, Enrico; Frairia, Roberto

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Associations between sex hormone binding globulin and metabolic syndrome parameters in premenopausal obese women  

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Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to determine sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations in premenopausal obese women and to evaluate the relationships between sex hormones and features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Settings and Design: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis was carried out on 350 obese patients aged 25 to 69 years referred to the Department of Endocrinology, Pamukkale University in 2002-2003. Materials and Methods: 125 preme...

Akin Fulya; Bastemir Mehmet; Alkis Esma; Kaptanoglu Bunyamin

2008-01-01

62

Anti-thymocyte Globulin plus Etanercept as Therapy for Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS): a Phase II Study  

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Immunosuppressive therapies have proven valuable in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We evaluated the combination of equine anti-thymocyte globulin (ATGAM®) and the soluble TNF receptor etanercept (Enbrel®) in a phase II trial. Twenty-five patients with MDS (4-RA, 2-RARS, 15-RCMD, 3-RCMD-RS, 1-RAEB-1) in IPSS risk groups low (n=11) or intermediate-1 (n=14) were enrolled. All patients were platelet or red cell transfusion dependent. Nineteen patients completed therapy ...

2010-01-01

63

Amino acid sequence of the basic subunit of 13S globulin of buckwheat.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 26 kDa basic subunit of 13S globulin has been purified from grains of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). The amino acid composition of the protein closely matches the W.H.O. recommended values for a nutritionally balanced protein. The sequence of 17 N terminal amino acid residues of the protein revealed 73.3 and 66.7% homology with soya bean glycinin and pea legumin, respectively. PMID:9214774

Rout, M K; Chrungoo, K; Rao, K S

1997-07-01

64

EFFECT OF COMBINATION EXERCISE TRAINING ON SEX HORMONE BINDING GLOBULIN IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER  

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Studies indicated that decreased sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) can increase the risk ofbreast cancer and its recurrences in postmenopausal women. On the other hand; it’s possible thatexercise training can affect SHBG. Therefore; the aim of current study was to clarify the effectof combination exercise training on SHBG in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Thus;29 postmenopausal women with breast cancer that received surgery; chemotherapy and radiationtherapy divided in to two gr...

2011-01-01

65

A reliable and practicable DCC assay of sex harmone binding globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A DCC assay of sex hormone binding globulin in plasma with testosterone as the ligand was reported. SHBG was measured with a multiple ligand dose procedure and calculations based on a Scatchard plot. The reliability of the method was assessed by parallelism test, variations within-and between-asssays and comparison with the results assayed with DHT. The method can give reliable results and is practicable for SHBG assay

1988-01-01

66

Increased globulin and its association with hemorrhagic transformation in patients receiving intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have identified a diverse set of predisposing factors for the occurrence of hemorrhagic transformation (HT), but the independent clinical predictors of HT after intraarterial thrombolysis have not been determined. In this retrospective study, we investigated the characteristics of patients with or without HT who had received intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy, using biochemical analysis, renal function test, routine blood test, blood lipid test, coagulation blood test, liver function test, random blood glucose test, time-window for intra-arterial thrombolysis, recanalization, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and systolic blood pressure before intra-arterial thrombolysis. The mortality rates were similar in the HT and non-HT groups (P = 0.944). In the single-factor analysis, patients with a higher globulin level (P <0.002), prothrombin time activity percentage (PTA; P = 0.026), and NIHSS score (P = 0.002), had a significantly increased risk of developing HT. In the multifactor logistic regression model involving globulin level, PTA, white blood cell count, and NIHSS score, the globulin level (P <0.001; OR, 1.185; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.090-1.288), PTA (P = 0.018; OR, 1.016; 95% CI, 1.003-1.029), white blood cell count (P = 0.025; OR, 1.097; 95% CI, 1.012-1.190) and NIHSS score (P = 0.003; OR, 1.097; 95% CI, 1.031-1.166) were significantly increased in the HT group. The increase in globulin level is an independent risk factor for HT in patients receiving intra-arterial thrombolysis. The possible mechanisms may involve inflammatory cytokines, matrix metalloproteinase 9, and positive acute-phase reactants synthesized by the liver. PMID:24871645

Xing, Yingqi; Guo, Zhen-Ni; Yan, Shuo; Jin, Hang; Wang, Shouchun; Yang, Yi

2014-06-01

67

Verification of a method for sexual hormone-binding globulin analysis and estimation of free testosterone  

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Introduction: Sexual hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a protein that binds to androgens and oestrogens, especially testosterone. The fraction of testosterone that is not bound to SHBG is the biologically active fraction which makes its determination more relevant than determining the total amount of circulating testosterone. It is difficult to measure the plasma concentration of free testosterone; therefore calculations using the concentrations of testosterone and SHBG are used to estimate ...

Englund, Sofia

2012-01-01

68

COMPARATIVE ELECTROPHORETIC PATTERNS OF ALBUMINS/ GLOBULINS EXTRACTED FROM DRY GRAINS AND GREEN MALTS OF BARLEY VARIETIES  

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Full Text Available Applicability of electrophoretic separations of albumins/globulins, followed by nonspecific protein staining and specific glycoprotein and aminopeptidase detection has been examined for barley variety discrimination. Albumins/globulins extracted from dry grains and green malt of six barley varieties were separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (10 % T, pH=8.9 of native and sodium dodecyl sulfate denatured proteins, and by isoelectric focusing in pH gradient of 3.5-9.5 and 4.0-6.5. Analysis of dry grain extracts gave better results than green malt extracts. Obtained data indicate that SDS-PAGE of albumins/globulins and IEF in pH gradient 3.5-9.5 followed by Coomassie Blue staining could be useful in Croatian barley variety discrimination. Angora barley could be clearly distinguished from the other varieties which were grouped as follows: Rodnik/Sladoran, Barun/Rex, and Martin. Glycoprotein patterns did not improve the recognition of individual varieties. Broad specificity, phenylalanine and leucine preferring, and arginine specific aminopeptidase were not found as applicable markers for discrimination of examined barley varieties.

Ivica Strelec

2012-12-01

69

Binding of hexachlorobutadiene to alpha 2u-globulin and its role in nephrotoxicity in rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) is nephrotoxic in rats causing damage to the proximal tubules. Renal toxicity is presumed to be due to bioactivation by glutathione S-conjugate formation and further processing by the enzymes of the mercapturic acid pathway to reactive intermediates. Recent studies revealed major sex-dependent differences in the pattern of urinary metabolites and gave evidence for the excretion of unmetabolized HCBD in the urine of male, but not female, rats. The objective of this study was to investigate the basis for the excretion of unchanged HCBD in the urine. We administered [14C]-HCBD (200 mg/kg bw, po) to male and female Sprague-Dawley (SD) and NCI Black-Reiter rats (NBR), an alpha 2u-globulin-deficient strain. No major differences in the disposition and in the rates of excretion of [14C]-derived radioactivity were observed between animals of both strains. Previously observed sex-specific differences in the formation of urinary metabolites in Wistar rats were now confirmed in SD rats and were also found in NBR rats. In contrast to male SD rats, however, NBR rats did not excrete unmetabolized HCBD with urine. [14C]-HCBD (10% of total urinary metabolites) was only present in the urine of male SD rats. Anion-exchange HPLC showed radioactivity associated with the alpha 2u-globulin fraction in urine and renal cytosol of male SD rats; the radioactive compound was identified as HCBD bound to the protein. The results indicate that the male-specific urinary excretion of HCBD is associated with its binding to alpha 2u-globulin. Light microscopic examination revealed the formation of hyaline droplets indicative of the accumulation of alpha 2u-globulin in the kidney of male SD rats after staining with Lee's methylene blue basic fuchsin. H&E staining additionally confirmed the finding of more pronounced necrotic changes in renal tubules of male SD rats than in females as previously described for Wistar rats. Binding of HCBD to alpha 2u-globulin may contribute to the pronounced nephrotoxicity in male rats. PMID:9439732

Pähler, A; Birner, G; Ott, M M; Dekant, W

1997-12-01

70

Comparison of rabbit antithymocyte globulin and Jurkat cell-reactive anti-t lymphocyte globulin as a first-line treatment for children with aplastic anemia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of rabbit antihuman thymocyte globulin (R-ATG) and Jurkat cell-reactive anti-T lymphocyte globulin (ATG-F) in the treatment of childhood aplastic anemia (AA) and compare their efficacy and side effects. A total of 53 children with AA were analyzed in the present study, including 32 cases of severe AA, 10 cases of very severe AA and 11 cases of transfusion-dependent nonsevere AA. While receiving immunosuppressive therapy (IST), 29 and 24 patients, all of whom received long-term oral supplement with cyclosporin A (CSA), androgen, and traditional Chinese medicines, were treated with R-ATG and ATG-F, respectively. If necessary, the patients were also given supportive care such as component transfusion and/or infection control. Absolute counts of peripheral blood lymphocyte at various time points were dynamically measured after ATG therapy. According to the International AA Treatment and Effect standards, we found that there were no statistically significant differences in the response rate (70.83% vs. 68.97%, p > 0.05) and the overall survive rate (83.33% vs. 82.76%, p > 0.05) between the ATG-F and R-ATG groups. In addition, no obvious differences were observed between these two groups in the response time, efficacy in severe AA and very severe AA, or the incidence rates of ATG-related adverse reactions. After ATG treatment, the extent of peripheral blood lymphocyte reduction and duration in peripheral blood were similar between the ATG-F and R-ATG groups. The results of this study showed that ATG-F and R-ATG had similar efficacy and adverse reactions in the first-line treatment of childhood AA, despite being derived from different immunogens. PMID:24582815

Xie, Xiaotian; Shi, Wei; Zhou, Xiaoxun; Shao, Yuexia; Qiao, Xiaohong

2014-06-01

71

Thyroxine-binding globulin radioimmunoassay using a purified standard. Comparison of the results with those obtained from the maximal binding capacity of serum from thyroxine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors studied the binding of thyroxine in the serum. They determined from the analysis of the curvilinear Scatchard plot the affinity constant between thyroxine-binding globulin and thyroxine, and the maximal thyroxine binding capacity of thyroxine-binding globulin. After having prepared a highly purified thyroxine-binding globulin standard the authors determined the serum concentration of this protein by a radioimmunoassay. They compared the results of this assay with the results obtained from the maximal binding capacity for thyroxine. They found these two different determinations of thyroxine binding globulin concentration, which were analyzed as a function of the results reported in various papers, to be in excellent agreement

1981-01-01

72

Protein Pattern Analysis of Blood Globulin to Estimation of Genetic Distance among Population of Tegal, Magelang, and Mojosari Duck  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research to estimation gene frequency on the protein pattern on blood globulin and to estimation genetic distance among population Tegal, Magelang and Mojosari duck. The material were blood samples from 30 heads of duck. Electroforesis technique was used Sodium Dedocyl Sulfate (SDS polyacrilamide cel elekctroforesis according to Deutcher (1990 method with instrument of polyacrilamide electroforesis vertical system (Mini-protean II, Bio-Rad was used for analysis protein of blood globulin. The gene frequency was estimated according to direct account method and tested for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, whereas the genetic distance was estimated by Nei (1972. Result the analysis of electroforesis showed that locus of globulin on the local duck population was controlled by three kind of gene. The gene frequency og GlbA GlbB and GlbC was about 0.05-0.50, migration distance was about 23-60 mm. The genetic distance among Tegal, Magelang and Mojosari duck as 0.010. result of the research was concluded that the protein pattern of blood globulin is usable to estimate both genetic distance and the relationship among population of Tegal, Magelang, and Mojosari duck and also it is estimated that the geographyc location represents a factor that influence the genetic distance. (Animal Production 7(3: 177-184 (2005 Key Words : Blood Globulin, Genetic Distance, Duck Population

AT Sadewo

2005-11-01

73

Role of corticosteroid-binding globulin in interaction of corticosterone with uterine and brain progesterone receptors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The central actions of the steroid hormone progesterone remain an enigma. However, there is no doubt that this hormone has a vital role in the control of sexual function and behaviour in many species, including man. Furthermore, progesterone may be involved in the premenstrual and postpartum syndromes. It would therefore be very useful to know the role and mechanism of action of progesterone in the brain. We now show that there are differences between progesterone receptors in brain and uterus, and possibly in the distribution of the serum progesterone-binding protein, corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), which may enter uterine but not brain cells. PMID:6251378

Al-Khouri, H; Greenstein, B D

1980-09-01

74

In vitro thyroid testing in populations with low thyroxine binding globulin capacity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Total thyroxine (T4) concentration in serum is a reliable indicator of thyroid function in most individuals, but it is affected by altered concentrations of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) in serum. Within certain limits, the variations in total TBG binding capacity (TBGTOTAL) caused by the fluctuations in the concentration of this binding globulin in serum can be modulated by calculating the free thyroxine index (FT4I) as the product of T4 and the in vitro uptake of triiodothyronine by a secondary binder (T3U). This calculation is empirically based on the facts that free TBG binding capacity (TBGFREE) is inversely related to T3U and that T4 and T3U show opposite behaviour when measured in sera with altered TBG: a low T4 in serum with reduced TBGTOTAL is compensated by a high value for T3U, while an elevated T4 in serum with increased TBGTOTAL is compensated by a low value for T3U. In both cases the product of T4 and T3 renders a normal FT4I value, showing a certain association with the concentration of free T4 in serum (FT4). In fact, this index has been shown to be superior than several FT4 assay systems in the assessment of thyroid status in clinical euthyroid subjects with relatively high or low T3U

1992-01-01

75

Genome-wide association study of serum albumin:globulin ratio in Korean populations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low albumin:globulin (A/G) ratios are associated with vascular adverse events, nephrotic syndrome and autoimmune disease. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been identifying genetic variants associated with total serum protein, serum albumin and globulins, but A/G ratio has never been considered the target phenotype. To identify the genetic basis of the A/G ratio, we performed a GWAS on A/G ratio in 4205 individuals from the Ansan cohort and confirmed the results in 4637 subjects from the Ansung cohort. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes of Affymetrix SNP array 5.0 were obtained from the Korean Association Resource Consortium, and we selected 290?659 common SNPs with a minor allele frequency >0.05. Genetic factors for A/G ratio were analyzed by linear regression analysis, controlling for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status and alcohol drinking status as covariates. From the GWAS of the Ansan cohort, we identified two significant genome-wide signals (P-valuesFADS1 and TNFRSF13B) were replicated, with P-valuesFADS1 locus (SNP: rs174548)-with an overall combined P-value=3.54 × 10(-8). PMID:23303382

Hong, Kyung-Won; Jin, Hyun-Seok; Song, Daesub; Kwak, Hye-Kyoung; Kim, Sung Soo; Kim, Yeonjung

2013-03-01

76

Rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin induction in renal transplantation: review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leah Andress,1 Anjali Gupta,2 Nida Siddiqi,3 Kwaku Marfo2,3 1University at Buffalo School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Buffalo, 2Montefiore Medical Center, The University Hospital for Albert Einstein College of Medicine Department of Abdominal Organ Transplant Program, Bronx, 3Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Pharmacy, Bronx, NY, USA Abstract: Rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG has proven benefit as induction therapy in renal transplant recipients, achieving reduced acute rejection rates and better short-term allograft function, with slightly higher rates of complications such as infections and malignancy. Compared with other agents, the most benefit from rATG induction has been observed in renal transplant recipients at high immunologic risk for rejection. However, in special populations, such as pediatrics, the elderly, and hepatitis C-positive and human immunodeficiency virus-positive renal transplant recipients, additional information is needed to delineate the absolute benefit of rATG induction compared with other induction agents. Selection of rATG as the choice of induction therapy in renal transplant recipients should be guided by a cost-effective approach in balancing efficacy, safety, and cost. This review summarizes the published literature on efficacy, safety, and cost of rATG induction in renal transplantation. Keywords: anti-thymocyte globulin, renal transplantation, induction therapy

Andress L

2014-01-01

77

Effect of total binding capacity of thyroxine binding globulin on the free thyroxine index  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In search of a definite source of misleading free thyroxine index (FT/sub 4/I), the relationship between in vitro thyroid testing results and thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) capacities were reexamined in sera from a population with a relatively high prevalence of serum TBG alterations. Sera from 21 subjects with different total thyroxine-binding globulin capacities (TTBG), were loaded with graded amounts of thyroxine (T/sub 4/) and assayed for T/sub 4/, T/sub 3/ uptake (T/sub 3/U), TTBG, and free T/sub 4/ concentration (FT/sub 4/I). Serum T/sub 4/, T/sub 3/U, and the calculated FT/sub 4/ index (FT/sub 4/I) were able to separate efficiently the samples according to their FT/sub 4/, but their respective normal ranges varied with TTBG. Interpretation of the results of the in vitro tests, in the light of TTBG, greatly improved their operating characteristics in the study of 141 patients with a high prevalence of TBG alterations. The misleading FT/sub 4/I is not the outcome of reduced intrinsic sensitivities of the in vitro tests, but a consequence of a shift of their normal ranges caused by a change of TTBG. By estimating TTBG from the values of T/sub 4/ and T/sub 3/U, this problem is easily solved without adding cost.

Cuaron, A.

1986-06-01

78

Intraindividual variation of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, thyrotropin and thyroxine-binding globulin in fasting serum from healthy men  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The concentrations of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, thyrotropin and thyroxine-binding globulin were determined in fasting serum from 11 healthy men (age 18-25 years) by radioimmunoassays conducted over a period of 4 weeks on 5 consecutive days per week. The concentrations of thyroxine and thyroxine-binding globulin were very consistent intraindividually, with coefficients of variation of 7.84% and 9.37%, respectively. The triiodothyronine and thyrotropin levels showed significant intraindividual variability with coefficients of variation of 18.38% and 51.85%, respectively. These results point to the type of difficulties encountered in judging serum values, namely intraindividual variations over a given period of time. (orig.)

1986-01-01

79

Physicochemical and structural properties of 8S and/or 11S globulins from mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] with various polypeptide constituents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two kinds of globulins, 8S and 11S globulins, with various polypeptide constituents, were well fractionated from acid- and salt-extracted mungbean globulins using DEAE-Sepharose fast flow column chromatography. The physicochemical and conformational properties, including amino acid composition, surface charge and hydrophobicity, free sulfhydryl group (SH) and disulfide bond (SS) contents, protein solubility, thermal and emulsifying properties, as well as secondary and tertiary conformations, were evaluated. Remarkable differences in polypeptide composition, surface charge and hydrophobicity, SS contents, protein solubility, thermal and emulsifying properties, and secondary and tertiary conformations were observed between 8S and 11S globulins. The physicochemical and conformational properties of the vicilins also varied with the heterogeneity of their polypeptides, but to a relatively limited extent. The emulsifying ability of these globulins was distinctly dependent on their protein solubility (or net charge), surface hydrophobicity and polypeptide heterogeneity. The thermal properties were similar among various vicilins, but distinctly different between the vicilins and 11S globulins. The circular dichrosim spectral analyses revealed that there were no marked differences in secondary and tertiary conformations between various vicilins, but the secondary, tertiary and quaternary conformations of 11S globulins were much more unordered and flexible than the vicilins. These results suggested good relationships between the physicochemical properties and conformational features of these globulins from mungbean, which could be useful for the utilization of these proteins in the food industry, and providing a working direction of mungbean breeding or protein engineering to improve its physicochemical properties. PMID:20429510

Tang, Chuan-He; Sun, Xin

2010-05-26

80

Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (Thymoglobulin®) impairs the thymic output of both conventional and regulatory CD4+ T cells after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in adult patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ is used to prevent graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Common disadvantages of treatment are infectious complications. The effects of rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ on thymic function have not been well-studied. Multicolor flow cytometry was used to analyze the kinetics of conventional and regulatory T cells in adult patients treated (n=12) or not treated (n=8) with rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ during the first 6 months after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ had almost undetectable levels of recent thymic emigrants (CD45RA+CD31+) of both conventional and regulatory CD4T cells throughout the 6 months after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation whereas CD4+CD45RA-memory T cells were less affected, but their levels were also significantly lower than in patients not treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™. In vitro, rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ induced apoptosis and cytolysis of human thymocytes, and its cytotoxic effects were greater than those of rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Fresenius™. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ in combination with a conditioning regimen strongly impairs thymic recovery of both conventional and regulatory CD4+ T cells. The sustained depletion of conventional and regulatory CD4+T cells carries a high risk of both infections and graft-versus-host disease. Our data indicate that patients treated with rabbit antithymocyte globulin-Genzyme™ could benefit from thymus-protective therapies and that trials comparing this product with other rabbit antithymocyte globulin preparations or lymphocyte-depleting compounds would be informative.

Na, Il-Kang; Wittenbecher, Friedrich; Dziubianau, Mikalai; Herholz, Anne; Mensen, Angela; Kunkel, Desiree; Blau, Olga; Blau, Igor; Thiel, Eckhard; Uharek, Lutz; Scheibenbogen, Carmen; Rieger, Kathrin; Thiel, Andreas

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Thyroxine-Binding by the Thyroxine-Binding Globulin as a Measure of the Anabolic Activity of Congeners of Testosterone.  

Science.gov (United States)

The circulating thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) was assessed as a measure of the potency of 3 anabolic agents. Methandrostenolone (10 mg.), methenolone (20 mg.) and oxymetholone (30 mg.) were administered daily for 4 weeks and changes in TBG were followe...

D. N. Holvey R. E. Cutler J. T. Dowling

1965-01-01

82

Characterization of heat-induced aggregates of globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench).  

Science.gov (United States)

Some physicochemical properties and the microstructure of heat-induced aggregates of globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) (BWG) formed at 100 degrees C in 0.01 M phosphate buffer containing 1.0 M NaCl, pH 7.4 were studied. Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) analysis shows a re-distribution of native and extensively denatured proteins in the heat-induced aggregates of BWG, particularly in the ISA fraction. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic (SDS-PAGE) analysis suggests the occurrence of both dissociation and association of molecules and the involvement of intermolecular disulfide linkages during thermal aggregation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) reveals that native BWG appeared as uniform compact globules with diameters ranging between 11.7 and 12.5 nm. TEM examination of the buffer-soluble aggregates, fractionated by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation, demonstrates the formation of strand-like small aggregates and large compact globular soluble macroaggregates. PMID:16677704

Choi, Siu-Mei; Mine, Yoshinori; Ma, Ching-Yung

2006-11-15

83

Control survey of normal reference ranges adopted for serum thyroxine binding globulin, thyroxine, triiodothyronine in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey using questionnaires was made on 152 facilities from July through September 1984 to examine normal reference ranges of serum thyroxine binding globulin (TBG), thyroxine (TT_4), and triiodothyronine (TT_3). Normal reference ranges of TBG were in good agreement with each other, with the exception of four facilities showing high upper limits. An average value of the upper and lower limits in 83 facilities was 13.7 +- 1.9 ?g/ml; and the standard deviation was 28.6 +- 2.8 ?g/ml. Differences (approximately 10 %) in coefficient of variation were comparable to those (5.7-9.6 %) obtained from the previous survey. There were approximately 10 % differences in coefficient of variation for both TT_4 and TT_3. (Namekawa, K.)

1985-01-01

84

Simultaneous determination of free thyroxine and capacity of thyroxine-binding globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A simple method is described for the simultaneous determination of capacity thyroxine-binding of globulin (TBG) and free thyroxine concentration (FT_4). The ratio of bound to free T_4 (B/F) is first determined for two total-T_4 concentrations using a Sephadex G-25 competitive-binding technique. TBG capacity and FT_4 can both be calculated assuming a known value of affinity constant of TBG. The method is linear over a twenty-fold serum dilution. FT_4 calculated is identical to that calculated using the method of Irvine. TBG capacity is shown to be linearly correlated to TBG concentration as determined by radioimmunoassay and is consistent with a molecular weight of 69,000 Daltons and one T_4 binding site per molecule. FT_4 is found to correlate with the free thyroxine index in a complicated way, depending on the degree of TBG saturation

1981-01-01

85

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SEX HORMONES, SEX HORMONE BINDING GLOBULIN AND PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE IN OLDER PERSONS  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) increases with aging and is higher in persons with metabolic syndrome and diabetes. PAD is associated with adverse outcomes, including frailty and disability. The protective effect of testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) for diabetes in men suggests that the biological activity of sex hormones may affect PAD, especially in older populations. Methods Nine hundred and twenty-one elderly subjects with data on SHBG, testosterone (T), estradiol (E2) were selected from InCHIANTI study. PAD was defined as an Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) E2 was not significantly associated with PAD in both men and women. In women, but not in men, T was positively associated with PAD, even after adjusting for multiple confounders, including E2 (p=0.01). Conclusions Low SHBG and high T levels are significantly and independently associated with the presence of PAD in older men and women, respectively.

Maggio, M; Cattabiani, C; Lauretani, F; Artoni, A; Bandinelli, S; Schiavi, G; Vignali, A; Volpi, R; Ceresini, G; Lippi, G; Aloe, R; De Vita, F; Giallauria, F; McDermott, MM; Ferrucci, L; Ceda, GP

2014-01-01

86

Particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay of sex-hormone-binding globulin in serum.  

Science.gov (United States)

A particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay (PETIA) for human sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is described. The method involves use of antibody covalently coupled to latex particles and is almost fully automated, with sample processing being complete in less than 20 min. The working reagents are stable for at least three months, and full calibration of the assay each day is not essential. A particular advantage is that pretreatment of samples is rarely required because the working range of the assay is from 2.0 to 320 nmol/L for nondiluted serum. Intra- and interassay CVs were less than 4.5% and 8.5%, respectively, and mean analytical recovery was 101.5%. SHBG concentrations of 129 serum samples determined by this method and by a commercially available immunoradiometric assay correlated highly. PMID:2015665

Deleo, D T; Lee, I R; Wetherall, J D; Newman, D J; Medcalf, E A; Price, C P

1991-04-01

87

The fate of vicilins, 7S storage globulins, in larvae and adult Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae).  

Science.gov (United States)

The fate of vicilins ingested by Callosobruchus maculatus and the physiological importance of these proteins in larvae and adults were investigated. Vicilins were quantified by ELISA in the haemolymph and fat body during larval development (2nd to 4th instars), in pupae and adults, as well as in ovaries and eggs. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the majority of absorbed vicilins were degraded in the fat body. Tracing the fate of vicilins using FITC revealed that the FITC-vicilin complex was present inside cells of the fat body of the larvae and in the fat bodies of both male and female adult C. maculatus. Labelled vicilin was also detected in ovocytes and eggs. Based on the results presented here, we propose that following absorption, vicilins accumulate in the fat body, where they are partially degraded. These peptides are retained throughout the development of the insects and eventually are sequestered by the eggs. It is possible that accumulation in the eggs is a defensive strategy against pathogen attack as these peptides are known to have antimicrobial activity. Quantifications performed on internal organs from larvae of C. maculatus exposed to extremely dry seeds demonstrated that the vicilin concentration in the haemolymph and fat body was significantly higher when compared to larvae fed on control seeds. These results suggest that absorbed vicilins may also be involved in the survival of larvae in dry environments. PMID:20230826

Souza, Sheila M; Uchôa, Adriana F; Silva, José R; Samuels, Richard I; Oliveira, Antônia E A; Oliveira, Eliana M; Linhares, Ricardo T; Alexandre, Daniel; Silva, Carlos P

2010-09-01

88

Response of transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin to turpentine-induced inflammation in the rat: influence of corticosteroids and prolactin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence is presented that (transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin react as negative acute-phase proteins in the rat. Thirty-six hours after turpentine injection, the serum concentration of these proteins showed a two- to threefold decrease. Thereafter, transcortin rapidly returned to normal values, whereas alpha 2u-globulin remained low. This reaction pattern was still present after adrenalectomy, adrenalectomy and administration of glucocorticoids, and after treatment with bromocriptine, a suppressor of prolactin secretion. It is concluded that changes in the secretion of glucocorticoids and prolactin are not required for the observed turpentine-induced decrease of transcortin and alpha 2u-globulin. PMID:6196428

Faict, D; Vandoren, G; De Moor, P; Lesaffre, E; Verhoeven, G

1983-12-01

89

NCI-Black-Reiter (NBR) male rats fail to develop renal disease following exposure to agents that induce alpha-2u-globulin (alpha2u) nephropathy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The NCI-Black-Reiter (NBR) rat is the only strain of male rat known not to synthesize the hepatic form of the low molecular weight protein, ?2u-globulin. In previous studies, NBR rats were shown not to develop renal disease when exposed to decalin, a compound known to induce ?2u-globulin nephropathy in other rat strains. The objective of this study was to show that the presence of ?2u-globulin (?2u) is essential for the development of this syndrome in rats exposed to 2,2,4-trimethylpentan...

Dietrich, Daniel R.; Swenberg, James A.

1991-01-01

90

Variation of Seed Storage Protein Electrophoretic Patterns in Mungbean  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Variability of seed storage protein electrophoretic patterns revealed by SDS-Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and their possible relations with some morphological and phenological characteristics were studied using 193 accessions from Iran Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek Collection. Seed protein electrophoresis revealed six different patterns that were different in two albumin and four globulin subunits with molecular weights of 23500-34000. Pattern types 1 and 2 had a considerable frequency but pattern types 3, 4, 5 and 6 had low frequencies and probably had developed recently in mungbean evolution process. Cluster analysis of countries and cities using the frequencies of albumin and globulin subunits showed no relation between geographical diversity and similarity distances. The correlations of morphological traits and albumin and globulin subunits indicated a relationship between G1 and G2 subunits with 1000 seed weight and days to beginning of maturity. Therefore, selection based on protein patterns at preliminary stages of breeding programs might be effective in increasing seed yield together with earliness.

Ahmad Arzani

1999-07-01

91

Tritium storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document represents a synthesis relative to tritium storage. After indicating the main storage particularities as regards tritium, storages under gaseous and solid form are after examined before establishing choices as a function of the main criteria. Finally, tritium storage is discussed regarding tritium devices associated to Fusion Reactors and regarding smaller devices

1990-01-01

92

Cloning and computer analysis of the promoter region of the legumin-like storage protein gene from buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum Moench  

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Using the modified 5’-RACE approach, a fragment containing the 955 bp long 5’- regulatory region of the buckwheat storage globulin gene (FeLEG1) has been amplified from the genomic DNA of buckwheat. The entire fragment was sequenced and the sequence analyzed by computer prediction of cis-regulatory elements possibly involved in tissue specific and developmentally controlled seed storage protein gene expression. The promoter obtained might be interesting not only for fundamental research, ...

Milisavljevi? Mira; Konstantinovi? Miroslav M.; Brklja?i? Jelena M.; Maksimovi? Vesna R.

2004-01-01

93

A retrospective comparison of cyclophosphamide plus antithymocyte globulin with cyclophosphamide plus busulfan as the conditioning regimen for severe aplastic anemia  

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Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is the treatment of choice for young patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The association of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclophosphamide (CY) is the most frequently used conditioning regimen for this disease. We performed this retrospective study in order to compare the outcomes of HLA-matched sibling donor AHSCT in 41 patients with SAA receiving cyclophosphamide plus ATG (ATG-CY, N = 17) or cyclophosphamide plus busulfan...

Ommati, L. V. M.; Rodrigues, C. A.; Silva, A. R.; Silva, L. P.; Chaufaille, M. L. L. F.; Oliveira, J. S. R.

2009-01-01

94

Immune globulin-responsive thrombocytopenia in acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis: report of a case in Hawai'i.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 9-year-old boy in Hawai'i presented with bleeding and thrombocytopenia and was subsequently found to have post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. He recovered completely with intravenous immune globulin, antibiotics, short-term antihypertensive therapy, and supportive management. This case was similar to the 5 cases previously reported in the literature, with the exception that steroids were not used as the primary immune-modulating therapy. PMID:19441614

Guerrero, Anthony P S; Musgrave, James E; Lee, Eric K W

2009-04-01

95

Identification, characterization and expression of novel Sex Hormone Binding Globulin alternative first exons in the human prostate  

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Abstract Background The human Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) gene, located at 17p13.1, comprises, at least, two different transcription units regulated by two different promoters. The first transcription unit begins with the exon 1 sequence and is responsible for the production of plasma SHBG by the hepatocytes, while the second begins with an alternative exon 1 sequence, which replaces the exon 1 present in liver transcripts. Alternative exon 1 transcription and transla...

Pinós Tomàs; Barbosa-Desongles Anna; Hurtado Antoni; Santamaria-Martínez Albert; de Torres Inés; Morote Joan; Reventós Jaume; Munell Francina

2009-01-01

96

Colonic EBV-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder in a Patient Treated with Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin for Aplastic Anemia  

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Epstein-Barr-virus- (EBV-) associated lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) after immunosuppressive therapy for aplastic anemia (AA), in a nontransplant setting, has not been well described. We report one case of colonic EBV-LPD after a single course of immunosuppressive therapy for AA. The patient developed multiple colonic tumors 3 months after receiving immunosuppressive therapy, which consisted of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG), cyclosporine, and methyl-predonisolone. The histological f...

Sugimoto-sekiguchi, Hiroko; Tashiro, Haruko; Shirasaki, Ryosuke; Arai, Tomio; Yamamoto, Tadashi; Oka, Yoko; Akiyama, Nobu; Kawasugi, Kazuo; Shirafuji, Naoki

2012-01-01

97

Retrospective diagnosis of Q fever in a country abattoir by the use of specific IgM globulin estimations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Twenty-two cases of pyrexial illness which occurred amongst workers in a country abattoir were investigated retrospectively for Q fever, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. In 18, the illness was shown to be Q fever. No diagnoses were established for the other four. The demonstration of circulating Q-fever-specific IgM globulin was instrumental in establishing the diagnosis in many of the cases.

Murphy, A.M.; Hunt, J.G.

1981-10-03

98

Decreased protective efficacy of reduced and alkylated human immune serum globulin in experimental infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b.  

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Conventionally prepared immune serum globulin frequently produces severe side effects when administered intravenously. A modified preparation in which 4 to 5 interchain disulfide bonds have been reduced and alkylated has been made for intravenous use. However, reduction and alkylation may affect Fc-mediated functions of immunoglobulin G, particularly its ability to fix complement by the classical pathway. To determine whether reduction and alkylation alters the protective activity of immune s...

1985-01-01

99

Human hyperimmune globulin protects against the cytotoxic action of staphylococcal alpha-toxin in vitro and in vivo.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Alpha-toxin, the major cytolysin of Staphylococcus aureus, preferentially attacks human platelets and cultured monocytes, thereby promoting coagulation and the release of interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor. Titers of naturally occurring antibodies in human blood are not high enough to substantially inhibit these pathological reactions. In the present study, F(ab')2 fragment preparations from hyperimmune globulin obtained from immunized volunteers were tested for their capacity to inhibit...

1989-01-01

100

Effect of weight reduction on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin, sex hormones and gonadotrophins in obese children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Obesity in men is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hypoandrogenism, while obesity in women is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity and hyperandrogenism. In children, the effect of obesity and weight reduction on the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis is rarely investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of weight reduction in obese Caucasian children on insulin sensitivity, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), DHEAS and the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis.

Birkebaek, N H; Lange, A

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine: efficacy with hepatitis B immune globulin in prevention of perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine was licensed recently by the Food and Drug administration and is now available. To assess the efficacy of the yeast-recombinant vaccine, the authors administered the vaccine in combination with hepatitis B immune globulin to high-risk newborns. If infants whose mothers were positive for both hepatitis B surface antigen and the e antigen receive no immunoprophylaxis, 70% to 90% become infected with the virus, and almost all become chronic carriers. Among infants in this study who received hepatitis B immune globulin at birth and three 5-+g doses of yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine, only 4.8% became chronic carriers, a better than 90% level of protection and a rate that is comparable with that seen with immune globulin and plasma-derived hepatitis B vaccine. Hepatitis surface antigen and antibodies were detected by radioimmunoassay. These data suggest that, in this high-risk setting, the yeast-recombinant vaccine is as effective as the plasma-derived vaccine in preventing hepatitis B virus infection and the chronic carrier state

1987-05-15

102

Yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine: efficacy with hepatitis B immune globulin in prevention of perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine was licensed recently by the Food and Drug administration and is now available. To assess the efficacy of the yeast-recombinant vaccine, the authors administered the vaccine in combination with hepatitis B immune globulin to high-risk newborns. If infants whose mothers were positive for both hepatitis B surface antigen and the e antigen receive no immunoprophylaxis, 70% to 90% become infected with the virus, and almost all become chronic carriers. Among infants in this study who received hepatitis B immune globulin at birth and three 5-/sup +/g doses of yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine, only 4.8% became chronic carriers, a better than 90% level of protection and a rate that is comparable with that seen with immune globulin and plasma-derived hepatitis B vaccine. Hepatitis surface antigen and antibodies were detected by radioimmunoassay. These data suggest that, in this high-risk setting, the yeast-recombinant vaccine is as effective as the plasma-derived vaccine in preventing hepatitis B virus infection and the chronic carrier state.

Stevens, C.E.; Taylor, P.E.; Tong, M.J.; Toy, P.T.; Vyas, G.N.; Nair, P.V.; Weissman, J.Y.; Krugman, S.

1987-05-15

103

Anti-Cryptococcal-Globulin-Latex Production for Rapid Detection of Cryptococcus neoformans Polysaccharide Antigen in Cryptococcosis  

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Full Text Available Cryptococcosis has become the fourth leading life-threatening opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS, but also occurs in non-AIDS patients. In view of the increasing numbers of infection during last decade in Iran, use of rapid, sensitive and specific test for diagnosis of cryptococcal disease has become important than ever. We aimed to produce the reagents for latex cryptococcal antigen test. The antigen was prepared from NCPF 3168 strain of Cryptococcus neoformans. Anticapsular antiserum of C. neoformans raised in rabbits and latex carboxylate- modified beads were coated with antiserum. The maximally- reactive globulin dilution was obtained at dilution of 1:400. For evaluation of efficacy of reagents, challenged 38 BALB/C mice and other 38 mice were used as controls. The mice were bled and autopsied. Brain, heart and lung were checked by direct, histopathological and cultural examination for cryptococcosis. The sera from case and control mice were tested with Immunomycologic (Immy kit and also our produced reagents (OPR for detection of cryptococcal antigen. Moreover, 15 cerebrospinal fluid and 15 serum samples from patients with cryptococcal meningitis, 30 with aspergillosis, 30 with suspected other fungal infections, and 30 from healthy individuals were tested as well. The results showed that the sensitivity (97.3% and specificity (100% of OPR was quite comparable with those of Immy kit . Therefore, it could be regarded as a substitute for commercial kits.

F Zaini

2005-09-01

104

Genetic polymorphisms are associated with serum levels of sex hormone binding globulin in postmenopausal women  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Estrogen activity plays a critical role in bone homeostasis. The serum levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG influence free estrogen levels and activity on target tissues. The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of common polymorphisms of the SHBG gene on serum SHBG, bone mineral density (BMD, and osteoporotic fractures. Methods Four biallelic polymorphisms of the SHBG gene were studied by means of Taqman assays in 753 postmenopausal women. BMD was measured by DXA and serum SHBG was measured by ELISA. Results Age, body weight, and two polymorphisms of the SHBG gene (rs6257 and rs1799941 [A/G] were significantly associated with serum SHBG in unadjusted and age- and weight-adjusted models. Alleles at the rs1799941 locus showed the strongest association with serum SHBG (p = 0.0004. The difference in SHBG levels between women with AA and GG genotypes at the rs1799941 locus was 39%. There were no significant differences in BMD across SHBG genotypes. The genotypes showed similar frequency distributions in control women and women with vertebral or hip fractures. Conclusion Some common genetic variants of the SHBG gene, and particularly an A/G polymorphism situated in the 5' region, influence serum SHBG levels. However, a significant association with BMD or osteoporotic fractures has not been demonstrated.

Amado José A

2008-12-01

105

Induction with Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation for Hepatitis C  

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Full Text Available Background: Hepatitis C (HCV is the most common indication for liver transplantation in the US. Objective: Since steroids are the major stimulus of viral replication, we postulated that steroid-free immu-nosuppression might be a safer approach. Methods: From January 1995 to October 2002, we used steroid plus calcineurin inhibitor (CNI immuno-suppression after liver transplantation for HCV (steroid group, n=81. From October 2002 to June 2007, rabbit antithymocyte globulin (RATG induction, followed by CNI and azathioprine (RATG group, n=73 was utilized. Results: There were no differences in 1- and 3-year patient/allograft survival rates. The incidence of acute rejection rate (19% vs. 28%, of biopsy-proven HCV recurrence (70% vs. 75%, and chronic rejection (6% vs. 9% were comparable. The mean time to develop recurrent HCV was significantly longer in the RATG group (16.2 vs. 9.2 months, p=0.008. The incidence of severe portal fibrosis appears to be lower in RATG group compared to the steroid group; 14% vs. 4% (p=0.07. Conclusions: RATG induction is safe and effective after liver transplantation for HCV, but has no impact on the incidence of HCV recurrence and patient/allograft survival. However, a significant delay in time to HCV recurrence and a trend toward less rejection and portal fibrosis was observed.

R. F. Saidi

2011-10-01

106

Purification and properties of squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) corticosteroid binding globulins  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), a serum glycoprotein which binds glucocorticoids and progestins with high affinity, is widely distributed throughout the animal world. Although its charge and size characteristics have largely been conserved across species, the authors found the behavior of CBG in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) serum during fractionation by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or Sephadex chromatography was consistent with a molecule about twice the size of that found in most species. To more fully understand the basis for this difference, they purified the protein by sequential affinity and DEAE-Sepharose chromatographies. The final product was obtained in greater than 60% yield and was found to migrate as a single homogeneous band when examined by electrophoresis. The steroid binding specificity of the purified protein was identical with that of the protein in the starting serum. In contrast to the single protein band observed following electrophoresis under normal conditions, separations in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) resolved the pure protein into two bands: one at 54,000 daltons and one at 57,000 daltons. Unlike other species, squirrel monkey CBG exists as a dimer in its native state. Antibodies were generated against the purified material and tested for cross-reactivity against the sera from other species by both radioimmunodiffusion and radioimmunoassay techniques. Only serum from titi monkeys was observed to cross-react when examined by radioimmunoassay. Taken together, the results suggest that New World monkey CBG's are distinct from those of other species in both size and immunologic characteristics

1988-04-05

107

Radioimmunoassay of thyroxine-binding globulin: evaluation of a kit and diagnostic application  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Serum thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) was measured by using a radioimmunoassay method. The within-batch of variation (CV) of the assay was 5% or less at different TBG concentrations with a between-batch variation of less than 10%. The mean TBG concentration in hypothyroidism (28.5 plus or minus 6.7 mg/l) was significantly higher, and that in hyperthyroidism (22.3 plus or minus 3.5 mg/l) was significantly lower, than the euthyroid mean (25.4 plus or minus 6.9 mg/l). Acutely ill patients suffering from various non-thyroid illnesses were found to have significantly low mean TBG (13.8 plus or minus 4.3 mg/l). A group of women in late pregnancy had a higher mean value, as expected. Serum TBG level, however, was ineffective as a thyroid function test because of overlapping concentrations between groups. The derived index T4:TBG ratio was found to be superior to free thyroxine index (FTI) in many cases of acutely ill patients, pregnancy and hereditary TBG abnormality. The 95% confidence limit for the ratio in euthyroids, was 2.3 to 7.1. Serum TBG level with T4:TBG ratio is recommended as a replacement for the T3-uptake test and FTI. (author)

1980-01-01

108

A randomized trial of alemtuzumab vs. anti-thymocyte globulin induction in renal and pancreas transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of alemtuzumab as an immunosuppressive agent is evolving. We conducted a prospective randomized trial comparing alemtuzumab and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG) induction in adult kidney and pancreas transplantation using similar maintenance immunosuppression. Between February 1, 2005 and June 15, 2006 (median follow-up six months), 98 patients were randomized either to alemtuzumab (n = 48) or to rATG (n = 50) induction; 77 (79%) underwent kidney alone (KA) transplant, 17 (17%) pancreas-kidney transplant, and four (4%) pancreas after kidney transplant. Of 77 KA transplants, 66 (86%) were from deceased donors and 31 (40%) from expanded criteria donors (ECD). Re-transplantation, HLA-match, antibody titer, ECD, race, cytomegalovirus status, steroid use, delayed graft function, preservation time, and immunological risk were similar between the two induction groups. Patient, kidney, and pancreas graft survival rates were 100%, 96%, and 95%, respectively. Survival, initial length of stay, delayed graft function, and overall acute rejection rates were similar between alemtuzumab and rATG groups, but acute rejection occurred in nine (20%) rATG patients compared with zero (0%) alemtuzumab patients who received KA transplants (p = 0.007). Mean induction costs differed in the alemtuzumab ($1474) and rATG ($4996, p < 0.001) groups. In the short term after kidney and pancreas transplantation, alemtuzumab and rATG induction therapies are similarly safe and effective. PMID:18217904

Farney, Alan; Sundberg, Aimee; Moore, Phillip; Hartmann, Erica; Rogers, Jeff; Doares, William; Jarrett, Anne; Adams, Patricia; Stratta, Robert

2008-01-01

109

[Prevention of cytomegalic inclusion disease in leukemia patients with a cytomegalovirus hyperimmune globulin preparation].  

Science.gov (United States)

In a randomised study the efficacy of a cytomegalic hyperimmune globulin preparation (CMV-HIGP) which had been treated with beta-propiolactone was analysed. The study included 85 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and Non-B-Non-Hodgkin-lymphoma (NHL) who were treated initially or underwent a relapse therapy. During the intense chemotherapeutical period within leukemia treatment the patients were passively immunised by the intravenous route with CMV-HIGP (1 ml per kilogram of body weight) every two to three weeks at the latest. In the initial stages the basic immunisation protection was achieved by the application of double dose CMV-HIGP. The Frankfurt patients were recruited from the BFM-ALL- and the NHL-study since october 1982. When they were admitted their CMV serostatus was determined by means of the ELA-ELISA or IFA-method. Seronegative patients were given the passive immunisation immediately or 48 hours after the first blood transfusions at the latest. The patients who had become CMV-IgG-positive by passive immunisation were randomised when reaching long-term therapy according to the protocol. Because of a 30% cytomegaly disease incidence rate in our patient population a randomisation was unwarrantable at the beginning of leukemia treatment. During randomisation one group of patients were immunised by the intravenous route with CMV-HIGP (2 ml per kg body weight one time in four weeks), the second group was a control group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2550700

Gerein, V; Kropp, H; Schwabe, D; Gussetis, E; Langer, B; Kornhuber, B

1989-01-01

110

Relation of cigarette smoking in males of different ages to sex hormone binding globulin and testosterone  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The relationship of cigarette smoking, age, total testosterone free testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were examined by solid phase radioimmunoassay in 90 randomly chosen healthy males of different ages. The serum levels of these hormones were investigated for smokers compared with non-smokers, of the same ages in 3 groups (adolescent males, middle aged males, and old aged males). Results indicated that cigarette smokers showed increased serum levels of testosterone (60.0% higher, P> 0.05), free testosterone (51.0 higher, P > 0.005) in young adolescent males group, testosterone (27.8% higher, P > 0.001), free testosterone (21.3% higher, P > 0.001) in middle aged males group, and testosterone (21.0% higher, P > 0.001), free testosterone (16.8% higher, P > 0.4) in old ages males group. SHBG was calculated as a mean of free and total testosterone in each group. smokers showed higher mean values of SHBG than non-smokers. Age was positively associated with serum SHBG, it was found that SHBG increased by 17.2% from the youngest (> 18 years) to the oldest age (> 65 years)

2002-07-01

111

Relationship between Post-kidney Transplantation Antithymocyte Globulin Therapy and Wound Healing Complications  

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Full Text Available Background: Wound healing disorders are probably the most common post-transplantation surgical complications.It is thought that wound healing disturbance occurs due to antiproliferative effects of immunosuppressivedrugs. On the other hand, success of transplantation is dependent on immunosuppressivetherapies. Antihuman thymocyte globulin (ATG has been widely used as induction therapy but the impactof this treatment on wound healing is not fully understood.Objective: To investigate wound healing complications after ATG therapy in renal transplant recipients.Methods: The medical records of 333 kidney transplant recipients were assessed for wound healing disorders.Among these patients, 92 received ATG and 5 doses of 1.5 mg/kg ATG along with the standardprotocol of drugs.Results: The mean age of patients was 38.9 years. Of 333 recipients, 92 (23.7% received ATG; 21 (6.3%developed wound healing complications. There was a significant relationship between ATG therapy andwound complications (p=0.034. Also, women were more likely to develop wound healing disorders thanmen (p=0.002. No statistical difference was observed between age and wound healing complication(p=0.28. There was no significant difference between the mean duration of hospitalization between ATGand Non-ATG group (p=0.9.Conclusion: ATG increases the risk of overall wound complications. It is needed to pay more attention tothe patients treated with this immunosuppressant to avoid the risk of re-interventions, lessen the durationof hospitalization and decrease the impairment of graft function.

G. R. Pourmand

2012-04-01

112

Serum corticosteroid binding globulin expression is modulated by fasting in polar bears (Ursus maritimus).  

Science.gov (United States)

Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from several subpopulations undergo extended fasting during the ice-free season. However, the animals appear to conserve protein despite the prolonged fasting, though the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. We hypothesized that elevated concentrations of corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), the primary cortisol binding protein in circulation, lead to cortisol resistance and provide a mechanism for protein conservation during extended fasting. The metabolic state (feeding vs. fasting) of 16 field sampled male polar bears was determined based on their serum urea to creatinine ratio (>25 for feeding vs. polar bears sampled. Serum CBG expression was greater in lactating females relative to non-lactating females and males. CBG expression was significantly higher in fasting males when compared to non-fasting males. This leads us to suggest that CBG expression may serve as a mechanism to conserve protein during extended fasting in polar bears by reducing systemic free cortisol concentrations. This was further supported by a lower serum glucose concentration in the fasting bears. As well, a lack of an enhanced adrenocortical response to acute capture stress supports our hypothesis that chronic hunger is not a stressor in this species. Overall, our results suggest that elevated serum CBG expression may be an important adaptation to spare proteins by limiting cortisol bioavailability during extended fasting in polar bears. PMID:20883811

Chow, Brian A; Hamilton, Jason; Cattet, Marc R L; Stenhouse, Gordon; Obbard, Martyn E; Vijayan, Mathilakath M

2011-01-01

113

Serum Thyroxine to Thyroxine-Binding Globulin Ratio in Pregnancy and Newborn  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the diagnostic value of the ratio of serum thyroxine(T4) /thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) for the thyroid status in pregnancy and newborn serum thyroxine, TBG, triiodothyronine, and free thyroxine levels were radioimmunoassayed in normal pregnant women at each of the trimesters, and the calculated serum T4/TBG ratios were compared with other parameters such as T3/TBG ratio and free T4/TBG ratio and free T4/TBG ratio. Serum T4 levels were elevated with the proportionate increase in TBG levels during pregnancy, leading to the nearly constant value of serum T4/TBG ratios as in normal non-pregnant controls. In contrast, serum T3/TBG and free T4/TBG ratios varied considerably during pregnancy. In newborn, T4 levels were nearly not changed with compared non-pregnant control value and TBG levels were elevated. The results indicate that serum T4/TBG ratio is a better parameter than others in evaluating the thyroid status during pregnancy and but newborn is a no better.

1982-09-01

114

Successful in silico discovery of novel nonsteroidal ligands for human sex hormone binding globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using "in silico" drug design methodologies, we have discovered several nonsteroidal compounds of natural origin that bind to human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) with affinity constants of 0.1 x 10(6) to 1.2 x 10(6) M(-1). The computational solutions we developed involved pharmacophore-aided database search, virtual protein-ligand docking, and structure-activity modeling with "inductive" QSAR descriptors. By screening 23 836 natural substance structures, we identified 29 potential SHBG ligands, and eight of these bound the protein in vitro. These nonsteroidal ligands belong to four classes of molecular scaffolds with several available substitution positions that could allow chemical modification to enhance SHBG-binding activity. Interestingly, one of these compounds is structurally similar to a dicyclohexane derivative that binds to rat SHBG and causes azospermia when administered to male rats. Taken together, the in silico strategy we have developed will aid in the discovery of nonsteroidal ligands of SHBG with novel pharmacological properties. PMID:15857126

Cherkasov, Artem; Shi, Zheng; Fallahi, Magid; Hammond, Geoffrey L

2005-05-01

115

Serum sex steroids, gonadotrophins and sex hormone-binding globulin in prostatic hyperplasia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH develops in elderly males when serum androgens are relatively lower than in healthy younger males, but it is not well understood whether and how sex steroids are altered in prostatic hyperplasia. It is also uncertain whether there is any change in sex steroid levels in males older than 40 years of age. The use of androgens in elderly males is often discouraged because of the probable worsening effect of androgens on prostatism. This study aimed to determine the relationship between prostatic hyperplasia and sex steroid levels and whether there is any significant change in these hormones after the age of 40 years. Subjects and Methods: We studied healthy males of age 240 years with (n=92 or without (n=93 clinical prostatic hyperplasia. Serum testosterone, estradiol, gonadotrophins and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG were compared. The hormones and SHBG were also correlated with age. Results: No significant difference was found in any hormone in cases with prostatic hyperplasia as compared with the controls. There was no significant age-related change in any hormone except estradiol where as a negative correlation (P< .003 with age was found. Conclusions: Serum sex steroids and SHBG remained unchanged in symptomatic prostatic hyperplasia and except for estradiol there was no significant age-related change in serum testosterone, gonadotrophins and SHBG in healthy males after the fourth decade. More studies are needed to confirm the age-related decline of estrogens in males.

Ansari Mohammad Abdul

2008-01-01

116

In silico identification of anthropogenic chemicals as ligands of zebrafish sex hormone binding globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Anthropogenic compounds with the capacity to interact with the steroid-binding site of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) pose health risks to humans and other vertebrates including fish. Building on studies of human SHBG, we have applied in silico drug discovery methods to identify potential binders for SHBG in zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model aquatic organism. Computational methods, including; homology modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, virtual screening, and 3D QSAR analysis, successfully identified 6 non-steroidal substances from the ZINC chemical database that bind to zebrafish SHBG (zfSHBG) with low-micromolar to nanomolar affinities, as determined by a competitive ligand-binding assay. We also screened 80,000 commercial substances listed by the European Chemicals Bureau and Environment Canada, and 6 non-steroidal hits from this in silico screen were tested experimentally for zfSHBG binding. All 6 of these compounds displaced the [3H]5?-dihydrotestosterone used as labeled ligand in the zfSHBG screening assay when tested at a 33 ?M concentration, and 3 of them (hexestrol, 4-tert-octylcatechol, and dihydrobenzo(a)pyren-7(8H)-one) bind to zfSHBG in the micromolar range. The study demonstrates the feasibility of large-scale in silico screening of anthropogenic compounds that may disrupt or highjack functionally important protein:ligand interactions. Such studies could increase the awareness of hazards posed by existing commercial chemicals at relatively low cost

2009-01-01

117

Comparison of Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin and OKT3 for induction of immunosuppression in renal transplant patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

From May 1977 to April 1988, 88 patients receiving cadaveric kidney transplants were selected to receive Orthoclone (OKT3; 5 mg intravenous bolus) (n = 28) or Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin (MAG; 20 mg/kg/day) (n = 60) as the induction phase of a quadruple immunosuppressive protocol. The duration of treatment ranged from 5-16 days for OKT3 (mean, eight days) and 7-14 days for MAG (mean, nine days), as dictated by the post-operative recovery of renal function. All patients were followed for at least four months (maximum 16 months, mean 10 months). Of the 28 patients receiving OKT3, six (21%) had rejection episodes which wre reversed and did not reoccur. Two patients developed OKT3 antibody. Only one graft was lost to rejection. Of the 60 patients receiving MAG, 30 (50%) experienced a first rejection episode within the follow-up period; 15 of these had repeat rejections. Three allografts were subsequently lost in the MAG group. Renal function was significantly better in the OKT3 group. While both OKT3 and MAG were associated with excellent patient (98%) and graft (92%) survival, OKT3 was easier to administer with fewer rejection episodes. We conclude that OKT3 is superior to MAG as perioperative cytoreductive therapy following cadaveric kidney transplantation. PMID:2652569

Light, J A; Khawand, N; Ali, A; Brems, W; Aquino, A

1989-02-01

118

Serum Thyroxine to Thyroxine-Binding Globulin Ratio in Pregnancy and Newborn  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the diagnostic value of the ratio of serum thyroxine(T{sub 4}) /thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) for the thyroid status in pregnancy and newborn serum thyroxine, TBG, triiodothyronine, and free thyroxine levels were radioimmunoassayed in normal pregnant women at each of the trimesters, and the calculated serum T{sub 4}/TBG ratios were compared with other parameters such as T{sub 3}/TBG ratio and free T{sub 4}/TBG ratio and free T{sub 4}/TBG ratio. Serum T{sub 4} levels were elevated with the proportionate increase in TBG levels during pregnancy, leading to the nearly constant value of serum T{sub 4}/TBG ratios as in normal non-pregnant controls. In contrast, serum T{sub 3}/TBG and free T{sub 4}/TBG ratios varied considerably during pregnancy. In newborn, T{sub 4} levels were nearly not changed with compared non-pregnant control value and TBG levels were elevated. The results indicate that serum T{sub 4}/TBG ratio is a better parameter than others in evaluating the thyroid status during pregnancy and but newborn is a no better.

Kim, Ji Yeul [Chonnam University School of Medicine, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

1982-09-15

119

New aspects of storage protein accumulation in pea seeds  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Grain legumes are important not only because they rank fifth in world-wide production behind wheat, maize, rice and barley, but also because they have higher protein contents (20-40%) than most other seed types. The goal of our work is to obtain a more complete understanding of the cell biology of legume seed protein accumulation. To this end, we have used immunogold labeling techniques to study the localization of storage proteins in developing seeds of Pisum sativum. This presentation focuses on two novel observations related to the intracellular transport and storage of these seed proteins. Since continuities between the electron-dense cisternae and vacuoles may be disrupted by directional changes in the streaming cytoplasm during fixation, I re-examined the relationship between these two organelles in seeds in which cytoplasmic streaming was inhibited by chilling on ice. In a separate study, the distribution of both globulin (legumin and vicilin) and albumin (PA1) storage proteins in axis tissue of developing seeds was investigated. Using double labeling with 10 and 20 nm colloidal gold, compartmentation of a sulfur-rich albumin (PA1) and a globulin (vicilin) was demonstrated within individual vacuolar protein deposits in cells at the base of the epicotyl

1986-01-01

120

Combined N-glycome and N-glycoproteome analysis of the Lotus japonicus seed globulin fraction shows conservation of protein structure and glycosylation in legumes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized genotype/phenotype and easily manipulated genome, may also be suitable for studies of legume food allergy. Here we present a comprehensive study of the Lotus N-glycoproteome. The global and site-specific N-glycan structures of Lotus seed globulins were analyzed using mass spectrometry-based glycomics and glycoproteomics techniques. In total, 19 N-glycan structures comprising high mannose (�20%), pauci-mannosidic (�40%), and complex forms (�40%) were determined. The pauci-mannosidic and complex N-glycans contained high amounts of the typical plant determinants β-1,2-xylose and α-1,3-fucose. Two abundant Lotus seed N-glycoproteins were site-specifically profiled; a predicted lectincontaining two fully occupied N-glycosylation sites carried predominantly pauci-mannosidic structures in different distributions. In contrast, Lotus convicilin storage protein 2 (LCP2) carried exclusively high mannose N-glycans similar to its homologue, Ara h 1, which is the major allergen in peanut. In silico investigation confirmed that peanut Ara h 1 and Lotus LCP2 are highly similar at the primary and higher protein structure levels. Hence, we suggest that Lotus has the potential to serve as a model system for studying the role of seed proteins and their glycosylation in food allergy.

Dam, Svend Secher; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Globulin-platelet model predicts minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B virus infected patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To establish a simple model consisting of the routine laboratory variables to predict both minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV-infected patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 114 chronic HBV-infected patients who underwent liver biopsy in two different hospitals. Thirteen parameters were analyzed by step-wise regression analysis and correlation analysis. A new fibrosis index [globulin/platelet (GP model] was developed, including globulin (GLOB and platelet count (PLT. GP model = GLOB (g/mL × 100/PLT (× 109/L. We evaluated the receiver operating characteristics analysis used to predict minimal fibrosis and compared six other available models. RESULTS: Thirteen clinical biochemical and hematological variables [sex, age, PLT, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, albumin, GLOB, total bilirubin (T.bil, direct bilirubin (D.bil, glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatase, HBV DNA and prothrombin time (PT] were analyzed according to three stages of liver fibrosis (F0-F1, F2-F3 and F4. Bivariate Spearman’s rank correlation analysis showed that six variables, including age, PLT, T.bil, D.bil, GLOB and PT, were correlated with the three fibrosis stages (FS. Correlation coefficients were 0.23, -0.412, 0.208, 0.220, 0.314 and 0.212; and P value was 0.014, < 0.001, 0.026, 0.018, 0.001 and 0.024, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that only PLT and GLOB were significantly different in the three FS (PLT: F = 11.772, P < 0.001; GLOB: F = 6.612, P = 0.002. Step-wise multiple regression analysis showed that PLT and GLOB were also independently correlated with FS (R2 = 0.237. By Spearman’s rank correlation analysis, GP model was significantly correlated with the three FS (r = 0.466, P < 0.001. The median values in F0-F1, F2-F3 and F4 were 1.461, 1.720 and 2.634. Compared with the six available models (fibrosis index, AST-platelet ratio, FIB-4, fibrosis-cirrhosis index and age-AST model and age-PLT ratio, GP model showed a highest correlation coefficient. The sensitivity and positive predictive value at a cutoff value < 1.68 for predicting minimal fibrosis F0-F1 were 72.4% and 71.2%, respectively. The specificity and negative predictive value at a cutoff value < 2.53 for the prediction of cirrhosis were 84.5% and 96.7%. The area under the curve (AUC of GP model for predicting minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis was 0.762 [95% confidence interval (CI: 0.676-0.848] and 0.781 (95% CI: 0.638-0.924. Although the differences were not statistically significant between GP model and the other models (P all > 0.05, the AUC of GP model was the largest among the seven models. CONCLUSION: By establishing a simple model using available laboratory variables, chronic HBV-infected patients with minimal fibrosis and cirrhosis can be diagnosed accurately, and the clinical application of this model may reduce the need for liver biopsy in HBV-infected patients.

Xu-Dong Liu

2012-01-01

122

A systematic review of intravenous gamma globulin for therapy of acute myocarditis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Intravenous gamma globulin (IVGG is commonly used in the management of acute myocarditis. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature evaluating this practice. Methods We conducted a comprehensive search (electronic databases, trials registries, conference proceedings, reference lists, contact with authors to identify studies evaluating the use of IVGG in adults and children with a clinical or histologically proven diagnosis of myocarditis of possible viral etiology and symptoms of less than six months duration. Two reviewers independently screened the searches, applied inclusion criteria, and graded the evidence. Results Results were described qualitatively; data were not pooled because only one randomized controlled trial (RCT with 62 patients was identified. The RCT showed no benefit with respect to cardiac function, functional outcome, or event-free survival. A small, uncontrolled trial (n = 10 showed significant improvement in LVEF from a mean of 24% to 41% 12 months after IVGG in nine survivors. A retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients showed improvement in cardiac function and a trend towards improved survival in patients receiving IVGG (n = 21 versus historic controls (n = 25. Ten case reports and two case series (total n = 21 described improvement in cardiac function after administration of IVGG; two case reports showed no benefit of IVGG. One case of hemolytic anemia was attributed to IVGG. Conclusion There is insufficient data from methodologically strong studies to recommend routine use of IVGG for acute myocarditis. Future randomized studies that take into account the etiology of acute myocarditis will be required to determine the efficacy of IVGG.

Crumley Ellen

2005-06-01

123

Low-dose rabbit anti-thymoglobin globulin versus basiliximab for induction therapy in kidney transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

We conducted a single-center prospective double-arm open-labeled study on kidney transplant patients from 2010 to 2011 to evaluate the efficacy of induction therapy using low, single-dose rabbit-antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG), 1.5 mg/kg on Day 0 (n = 80, 60 males, mean age 35.9 years), versus basiliximab (Interleukin-2 blocker) 20 mg on Days 0 and 4 (n = 20, 12 males, mean age 45.1 years) on renal allograft function in terms of serum creatinine (SCr), rejec-tion and infection episodes and patient/graft survival and cost. Demographic and post-transplant follow-up including immunosuppression was similar in both groups. In the r-ATG group, donors were unrelated (spouse, n = 25), deceased (n = 31) and parents/siblings (others), with a mean HLA match of 1.58. Donors in the basiliximab group were living unrelated (spouse, n = 15) and deceased (n = 5), with a mean HLA match of 1.56. No patient/graft was lost in the r-ATG group over a mean of one year follow-up, and the mean SCr was 1.28 mg/dL with 7.5% acute rejection (AR) episodes; infections were also not observed. In the basiliximab group, over the same period of follow-up, there was 95% death-censored graft survival, and the mean SCr was 1.23 mg/dL with 10% AR episodes. One patient died due to bacterial pneumonia and one succumbed to coronary artery disease; one graft was lost due to uncontrolled acute humoral and cellular rejection. The cost of r-ATG and basiliximab were $600 and $2500, respectively. We conclude that induction immunosuppressive therapy with a low-dose r-ATG may be a better option as compared with basiliximab in terms of graft function, survival and cost benefit in kidney transplant patients. PMID:24969194

Patel, Himanshu V; Kute, Vivek B; Vanikar, Aruna V; Shah, Pankaj R; Gumber, Manoj R; Engineer, Divyesh P; Trivedi, Hargovind L

2014-01-01

124

Gene amplification as a cause of inherited thyroxine-binding globulin excess in two Japanese families  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

T{sub 4}-binding globulin (TBG) is the major thyroid hormone transport protein in man. Inherited abnormalities in the level of serum TBG have been classified as partial deficiency, complete deficiency, and excess. Sequencing analysis of the TBG gene, located on Xq21-22, has uncovered the molecular defects causing partial and complete deficiency. However, the mechanism leading to inherited TBG excess remains unknown. In this study, two Japanese families, F-A and F-T, with inherited TBG excess were analyzed. Serum TBG levels in hemizygous males were 58 and 44 {mu}g/mL, 3- and 2-fold the normal value, respectively. The molecule had normal properties in terms of heat stability and isoelectric focussing pattern. The sequence of the coding region and the promoter activity of the TBG gene were also indistinguishable between hemizygotes and normal subjects. The gene dosage of TBG relative to that of {beta}-globin, which is located on chromosome 11, and Duchenne muscular dystropy, which is located on Xp, was evaluated by coamplification of these target genes using polymerase chain reaction and subsequent quantitation by HPLC. The TBG/{beta}-globin ratios of the affected male and female of F-A were 3.13 and 4.13 times, respectively, that in the normal males. The TBG/Duchenne muscular dystrophy ratios were 2.92 and 2.09 times the normal value, respectively. These results are compatible with three copies of TBG gene on the affected X-chromosome. Similarly, a 2-fold increase in gene dosage was demonstrated in the affected hemizygote of F-T. A 3-fold tandem amplification of the TBG gene was shown by in situ hybridization of prometaphase and interphase chromosomes from the affected male with a biotinylated genomic TBG probe, confirming the gene dosage results. Gene amplification of TBG is the cause of inherited TBG excess in these two families. 35 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Mori, Yuichi; Miura, Yoshitaka; Saito, Hidehiko [Toyota Memorial Hospital (Japan)] [and others

1995-12-01

125

Thyroxine binding to serum thyronine-binding globulin in thyroidectomized adult and normal neonatal rats  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The amount of tracer [125I]T4 bound to serum thyronine-binding globulin (TBG) was measured by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in adult thyroidectomized (TX) rats and normal 1-day to 4-week-old rat puts. Thyroidectomy was associated with the appearance of significant amounts of [125I]T4 binding to serum TBG in lean rats, but not in obese Zucker rats. Treatment of the TX rats in vivo with replacement doses of T4 prevented this increase in TBG binding, but enrichment of serum from TX rats with T4 did not. Significant amounts of tracer [125I]T4 binding to TBG was present in serum from 1- to 3-week-old normal rat pups, but not in 1-day- or 4-week-old pups. There were significantly higher levels of TBG binding of [125I]T4 in serum from 2-week-old rat pups raised in litters of 16 pups compared to those raised in litters of 4 pups. All manipulations that result in the appearance of TBG in rat serum also result in either weight loss or a slowing in the rate of growth, suggesting that the appearance of TBG in rat serum has a nutritional component. This possibility is further supported by the observations that increases in TBG binding of [125I]T4 are not found in obese Zucker rats fed a low protein-high carbohydrate diet for 14 days or fasted for 7 days, or after thyroidectomy, perhaps owing to the large stores of fuel in the obese rat

1988-01-01

126

What the world's religions teach, applied to vaccines and immune globulins.  

Science.gov (United States)

For millennia, humans have sought and found purpose, solace, values, understanding, and fellowship in religious practices. Buddhist nuns performed variolation against smallpox over 1000 years ago. Since Jenner developed vaccination against smallpox in 1796, some people have objected to and declined vaccination, citing various religious reasons. This paper reviews the scriptural, canonical basis for such interpretations, as well as passages that support immunization. Populous faith traditions are considered, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Subjects of concern such as blood components, pharmaceutical excipients of porcine or bovine origin, rubella strain RA 27/3, and cell-culture media with remote fetal origins are evaluated against the religious concerns identified. The review identified more than 60 reports or evaluations of vaccine-preventable infectious-disease outbreaks that occurred within religious communities or that spread from them to broader communities. In multiple cases, ostensibly religious reasons to decline immunization actually reflected concerns about vaccine safety or personal beliefs among a social network of people organized around a faith community, rather than theologically based objections per se. Themes favoring vaccine acceptance included transformation of vaccine excipients from their starting material, extensive dilution of components of concern, the medicinal purpose of immunization (in contrast to diet), and lack of alternatives. Other important features included imperatives to preserve health and duty to community (e.g., parent to child, among neighbors). Concern that 'the body is a temple not to be defiled' is contrasted with other teaching and quality-control requirements in manufacturing vaccines and immune globulins. Health professionals who counsel hesitant patients or parents can ask about the basis for concern and how the individual applies religious understanding to decision-making about medical products, explain facts about content and processes, and suggest further dialog with informed religious leaders. Key considerations for observant believers for each populous religion are described. PMID:23499565

Grabenstein, John D

2013-04-12

127

A sensitive and specific method for determining testosterone estradiol binding globulin (TeBG)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A simple, rapid and highly sensitive method for measuring TeBG and how it can be used for obtaining a Free Testosterone Index (FTI) is described. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is used instead of testosterone owing to its higher affinity for this globulin. Non-specific binding (NSB) is estimated by incubating the plasma samples in parallel, with and without a 100-fold excess of cold DHT. To determine the level at which TeBG becomes saturated and to work far from this region of the curve, where sensitivity diminishes, hot-only experiments were performed. Saturation was found to occur beyond 1000 pg DHT. Control normal sera were compared with samples from hypogonadic patients and Scatchard plots were done to find a parallel between the two groups and a point of maximal discrimination among them at about 500 pg DHT. Since an excellent reproducibility between experiments was found, Scatchard plots were not routinely done and only the binding capacity of a control normal pool at the point of maximal discrimination was compared to that of the unknown sample and calculated as follows: TeBG binding capacity = DHT bound by the normal pool/DHT bound by the unknown. The FTI is obtained by multiplying the total testosterone by the TeBG binding capacity. Total testosterone (Tt), TeBG and FTI were analysed in 38 normal volunteers classified according to age in four groups: 20-30 (n=13), 40-50 (n=7), 50-60 (n=8), 60-70 (n=10). Although a slight difference was observed when Tt was compared between the different age groups (P<0.05), there was a much higher significant difference for TeBG and FTI (P<0.0001). (author)

1982-06-21

128

Molecular and functional characterization of sex hormone binding globulin in zebrafish.  

Science.gov (United States)

SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) transports androgens and estrogens in the blood of vertebrates including fish. Orthologs of SHBG in fish are poorly defined, and we have now obtained a zebrafish SHBG cDNA and characterized the zebrafish SHBG gene and protein through molecular biological, biochemical, and informatics approaches. Amino-terminal analysis of zebrafish SHBG indicated that its deduced precursor sequence includes a 25-residue secretion polypeptide and exhibits 22-27% homology with mammalian SHBG sequences and 41% with a deduced fugufish SHBG sequence. The 356-residue mature zebrafish SHBG (39,243 Da) sequence comprises a tandem repeat of laminin G-like domains typical of SHBG sequences; contains three N-glycosylation sites; and exists as a 105,000 +/- 8700 Da homodimer. Zebrafish SHBG exhibits a high affinity and specificity for sex steroids. An RT-PCR indicated that SHBG mRNA first appears in zebrafish larva, and SHBG mRNA was localized within the liver and gut at this stage of development by whole-mount in situ hybridization. In adult fish, SHBG mRNA was found in liver, testis, and gut. In the liver, immunoreactive SHBG was present in hepatocytes and concentrated in intrahepatic bile duct cells, whereas in the testis it was confined to cells surrounding the seminiferous tubule cysts. In the intestine, immunoreactive SHBG was present in the stroma and epithelial cells of the villous projections and the surrounding muscle. The production and presence of SHBG in the gut of developing and adult zebrafish suggests a novel role for this protein in regulating sex steroid action at this site. PMID:15284198

Miguel-Queralt, Solange; Knowlton, Michelle; Avvakumov, George V; Al-Nouno, Rana; Kelly, Greg M; Hammond, Geoffrey L

2004-11-01

129

Clinical Manifestations of Highly Prevalent Corticosteroid-Binding Globulin Mutations in a Village in Southern Italy  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: Corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) is the binding protein for cortisol. Rare kindreds with CBG mutations reducing CBG levels or altering binding affinity have been described, along with clinical manifestations encompassing fatigue, chronic pain, and hypotension. The largest kindred, exhibiting two mutations (null and Lyon) were Australian immigrants from Italy. Objective: Our objective was to determine the prevalence of the null/Lyon mutations in the village where the original null/Lyon family emigrated and compare subjects with and without CBG mutations, without previous knowledge of their mutation status. Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted a survey field study that included 495 adult residents. Main Outcomes: We assessed clinical history, CBG mutation analysis, plasma CBG, salivary cortisol, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and the Krupp fatigue scale. Results: Eighteen of 495 participants (3.6%, seven males and 11 females) had one of two function-altering CBG mutations. All were heterozygous for the null (n = 6) or Lyon mutations (n = 12). Of 12 Lyon participants (four males and eight females), eight (two males and six females) had chronic widespread pain and five osteoarthritis with associated pain (one male and four females). Of six null participants (three males and three females), three (one male and two females) had chronic pain and four osteoarthritis with associated pain (two males and two females). Conclusions: A high combined prevalence (3.6%) of these two CBG mutations was detected. The presence of either mutation conferred a propensity to chronic pain. In other communities, individuals with the same genetic background complain more of fatigue than pain, suggesting an environmental effect on the phenotype. These findings, combined with animal CBG gene knockout and human CBG single-nucleotide polymorphism haplotype studies, suggest that CBG influences the endocrine and neurobehavioral response to stress, including the development of pain/fatigue syndromes.

Bernardi, Livia; Smirne, Nicoletta; Maletta, Raffaele; Tomaino, Carmine; Costanzo, Angela; Gallo, Maura; Lewis, John G.; Geracitano, Silvana; Grasso, Maria Beatrice; Potenza, Giuseppe; Monteleone, Cosimo; Brancati, Giacomino; Ho, Jui T.; Torpy, David J.; Bruni, Amalia C.

2011-01-01

130

Associations between sex hormone binding globulin and metabolic syndrome parameters in premenopausal obese women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to determine sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG concentrations in premenopausal obese women and to evaluate the relationships between sex hormones and features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS. Settings and Design: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis was carried out on 350 obese patients aged 25 to 69 years referred to the Department of Endocrinology, Pamukkale University in 2002-2003. Materials and Methods: 125 premenopausal euthyroid patients were eligible for this study. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the body mass index (BMI: Group I, women with BMI < 30 kg/m 2 (n = 17 and Group II,, women with BMI ? 30 kg/m 2 (n = 108. Median SHBG concentration of Group I was 50.1 nmol/L. Group II was divided into two subgroups according to the median SHBG concentration of Group I: subjects with high SHBG levels (SHBG concentration ? median level of the control group, i.e ? 50.1 nmol/L and subjects with low SHBG levels (< 50.1 nmol/L. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 9.0 software (SPSS Inc.. Results: No significant difference was found in mean age between the low and high SHBG groups. The low SHBG group was significantly heavier, and with higher waist circumference than the high SHBG group. In the low SHBG group, fasting glucose, postprandial glucose and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT and free androgen index (FAI were significantly higher. Lipid profile, blood pressure, uric acid, insulin and HOMA were found similar between two groups. Linear regression analyses revealed that body mass index and FAI were significant, being independent predictors of SHBG concentrations in premenopausal women. (r = 0.365, r square = 0.134. Conclusions: It is concluded that low SHBG concentrations may indicate visceral obesity and glucose intolerance in premenopausal women.

Akin Fulya

2008-10-01

131

A Fos-Jun element in the first intron of an alpha 2u-globulin gene.  

Science.gov (United States)

The hepatic expression of the alpha-2u-globulin gene family is controlled by a variety of hormones including steroids, growth hormone and insulin. The mechanisms by which these hormones affect alpha 2u-globulin expression are only partially understood. Recently we isolated and characterized clone RAP 01, an alpha 2u-globulin gene expressed in the liver. In preliminary experiments we noted that partial hepatectomy, a procedure which results in a sharp rise in the level of the oncoproteins c-Fos and c-Jun, also causes a transient induction of the messenger RNA corresponding to clone RAP 01. Using the DNAseI footprinting technique we were able to show that this clone contains a TPA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate)-responsive element (TRE) in its first intron. This element (denoted as element X) is identical to the consensus AP-1 binding site (TGACTCAG) and is protected by rat liver nuclear extracts as well as by purified c-Jun. Gel retardation experiments show that an oligonucleotide containing the TRE consensus sequence competes for binding of liver nuclear proteins to element X and that antibodies directed against the M2 peptide of the mouse Fos protein or the PEP-2 peptide of Jun prevent the formation of specific complexes with the same element. Moreover, element X functions as a TRE in transfected BWTG3 hepatoma cells treated with TPA. Co-transfection with fos and jun expression vectors mimics the effects of TPA suggesting that AP-1 is in fact the mediator of the observed response. It is concluded that the first intron of RAP 01 contains a functional Fos-Jun element. PMID:7506807

van Dijck, P; Schoonjans, K; Sassone-Corsi, P; Auwerx, J; Verhoeven, G

1993-08-25

132

Clinical outcomes after hepatitis C infection from contaminated anti-D immune globulin. Irish Hepatology Research Group.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: In February 1994, batches of anti-D immune globulin used in Ireland during 1977 and 1978 to prevent Rh isoimmunization were found to be contaminated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) from a single infected donor. In March 1994, a national screening program was initiated for all women who had received anti-D immune globulin between 1970 and 1994. Of the 62,667 women who had been screened when this study began, 704 (1.1 percent) had evidence of past or current HCV infection, and 390 of those 704 (55 percent) had positive tests for serum HCV RNA on reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction analysis. All 390 were offered a referral for clinical assessment and therapy. We evaluated 376 of these 390 women (96 percent); the other 14 were not seen at one of the designated treatment centers. RESULTS: The mean (+\\/-SD) age of the 376 women was 45+\\/-6 years at the time of screening. They had been infected with hepatitis C for about 17 years. A total of 304 women (81 percent) reported symptoms, most commonly fatigue (248 [66 percent]). Serum alanine aminotransferase concentrations were slightly elevated (40 to 99 U per liter) in 176 of 371 women (47 percent), and the concentrations were 100 U per liter or higher in 31 (8 percent). Liver biopsies showed inflammation in 356 of 363 women (98 percent); in most cases the inflammation was slight (41 percent) or moderate (52 percent). Although the biopsy samples from 186 of the 363 women (51 percent) showed evidence of fibrosis, only 7 women (2 percent) had probable or definite cirrhosis. Two of the seven reported excessive alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the women with HCV infection 17 years after receiving HCV-contaminated anti-D immune globulin had evidence of slight or moderate hepatic inflammation on liver biopsy, about half had fibrosis, and 2 percent had probable or definite cirrhosis.

Kenny-Walsh, E

2012-02-03

133

The Presence of alpha2u-Globulin is Necessary for d-Limonene Promotion of Male Rat Kidney Tumors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In a 2-year carcinogenesis bioassay, d-limonene (dL) induced kidney tumors in male F344 rats, but not in female F344 rats or either sex of mice. d-Limonene-1,2-oxide, a metabolite of dL, has been shown to bind reversibly to the male rat-specific urinary protein, ?2u-globulin (?2u-G), resulting in an ?2u-G-chemical complex that is more resistant to lysosomal degradation than ?2u-G alone. This reduced degradation of ?2u-G-chemical complex leads to an accumulation of this protein in the pr...

1991-01-01

134

Energy storage  

CERN Document Server

Energy storage examines different applications such as electric power generation, transmission and distribution systems, pulsed systems, transportation, buildings and mobile applications. For each of these applications, proper energy storage technologies are foreseen, with their advantages, disadvantages and limits. As electricity cannot be stored cheaply in large quantities, energy has to be stored in another form (chemical, thermal, electromagnetic, mechanical) and then converted back into electric power and/or energy using conversion systems. Most of the storage technologies are examined: b

Brunet, Yves

2013-01-01

135

Tritium storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A general synthesis about tritium storage is achieved in this paper and a particular attention is given to practical application in the Fusion Technology Program. Tritium, storage under gaseous form and solid form are discussed (characteristics, advantages, disadvantages and equipments). The way of tritium storage is then discussed and a choice established as a function of a logic which takes into account the main working parameters

1989-09-06

136

Cardiovascular risk factors in men : The role of gonadal steroids and sex hormone-binding globulin  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Males have higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than premenopausal females. Gonadal steroids are probably involved in the gender difference in CVD, but previous results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between CVD risk factors and sex hormones in a cross-sectional designed study of 508 healthy males, aged 41 to 72 years. We determined total testosterone (T), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), free androgen index (FAI), and estradiol (E2) and studied their relationship to body fat mass (BF), blood pressure (BP), aortic compliance, left ventricular mass (LVM), and plasma lipids (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], very--low-density lipoprotein [VLDL], and triglycerides). In quartile analyses after adjustment for confounders (age, body mass index [BMI], alcohol consumption, and smoking), SHBG and E2 were positively associated with HDL, while FAI was negatively associated with HDL. T and SHBG were negatively associated with VLDL and triglycerides, while FAI was positively associated with VLDL and triglycerides. T and SHBG were negatively associated with BMI and BF, while FAI and E2 were positively associated with BMI and BF. E2 was negatively associated with LVM. No hormone varied with total cholesterol, LDL, BP, and aortic compliance in the adjusted analyses. In multiple regression analyses, SHBG was the main predictive variable of HDL, VLDL, and triglycerides explaining 12%, 17%, and 17% of the variation, respectively. No other hormones were selected as predictive variables for VLDL and triglycerides, but E2, T, and FAI were selected in the HDL regression, explaining 3%, 2%, and less than 1%, respectively. Our regression analyses illustrate the diverging results when investigating associations between gonadal steroids and lipids with and without SHBG adjustment. Atherogenic lipid profile in males is associated with low SHBG, low T levels, and a high FAI. Males with high E2 levels may have a less atherogenic lipid profile and lower LVM. SHBG is a key hormone in the association between sex hormones and plasma lipids. We suggest that conflicting results of cross-sectional and intervention studies of sex hormones and lipids, in part, may be explained by interindividual differences or changes in SHBG. Thus, further studies on the potential role of SHBG in the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) should be performed.

Gyllenborg, J; Rasmussen, S L

2001-01-01

137

Estimation of the T4 Binding Capacity of Serum Thyroxine Binding Globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The most commonly used methods for determining thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) concentration as the total thyroxine-binding capacity utilize electrophoretic separation of serum. Although technically simple, the electrophoretic method is time consuming and is limited in the number of samples which can be run in a single assay. The author presented a single T4 load ion exchange resin method as an approach to simplify the technique as with clinical practicability and results were analyzed. For construction of the standard curves, serum mixtures were diluted with barbital buffer which effectively blocked T4-binding to TBPA. For each serum dilution, a constant amount of T4-125I and increments of unlabelled T4 were added. After incubation in water bath, resin beads were dispensed to the samples which binded all T4 not bound to TBG. The radioactivity in the supernatant was counted in the gamma scintillation counter. Each standard curve was plotted from the percent counts in the supernatant and total T4 in each tube. Unknown samples were diluted to 1 : 40 and ran at a single T4 loading concentration, and the TBG capacity of the samples was able to be read on the standard isobars. The following results were obtained. 1) Mean and standard deviation for TBG capacity in normal population was 28.6±5.09 ?g T4/100 ml. 2) 24.9±3.87 ?g T4/100 ml in hyperthyroidism showed low TBG capacity tendency comparing to normal population(p4/100 ml in hypothyroidism showed high TBG capacity tendency comparing to normal population. 4) Reversed correlationship existed between TBG capacity and T3 resin uptake (r=-0.624), TBG capacity and serum T4 value (r=-0.859), and TBG capacity and free thyroxine index (r=-0.623). The author assumes that this method of assay is considerably simpler in instrumentation and technique than any other assays traditionally being used, and seems to be more practical for routine clinical laboratory use.

1973-09-01

138

Genetic variability of albumin-globulin content, and lipoxygenase, peroxidase activities among bread and durum wheat genotypes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The classical Osborne wheat proteins fraction (albumin-globulin, as well as several polypeptides from the non-gluten protein fraction using SDS-PAGE analyses were determined in the grain of five bread (T. aestivum L. and five durum wheat (T. durum Desf. genotypes. In addition, the activity rate of lipoxygenase (LOX and peroxidase (POD enzymes implicated in the antioxidant metabolism was determined. Albumins and globulins in wheat grains were characterized by rich protein pattern - the number of bands varied from 19 to 23 and they were defined by molecular weight 76.4-12.4 kDa. The great differences between bread and durum wheat polypeptide contents were found. Result pointed out that polypeptides with molecular weight of 65.6, 43.5 and 32.9 kDa could be used to differentiate the bread from durum wheat. Significant differences in the LOX and POD activity between and within two wheat species were detected. Present study showed in durum wheat a lower activities of LOX and POD enzymes for about 45 and 22%, respectively, than in bread wheat. Our results could be useful for plant breeders in screening and selecting of better raw materials with high protein quality for the flour, breadmaking and pasta industry.

Žili? Sla?ana

2011-01-01

139

Physicochemical changes taking place in bovine globulins under the influence of gamma irradiation studied by thermal analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation modification of protein based polymers as well as the development of gamma irradiation techniques as a method of food sterilisation and preservation induces necessity of better recognition of the physicochemical changes occurring in proteins after gamma irradiation. Recently differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was applied widely in structural studies of proteins. Also thermoanalytical methods (TG, DTG) applied for proteins pyrolysis were also found to be useful in characterisation of proteins structure and the properties of proteins containing tissues. In presented paper, the aforementioned methods were applied for investigation of the gamma irradiation influence on thermal decomposition of gamma and alpha globulins and the results were related to their structural modifications. It has been found, that irradiation influences the course of decomposition of gamma and alpha globulins. Irradiation of solid native proteins result in decreased temperature of decomposition, especially decreased temperature of the last stage. The effects of irradiation performed for water suspensions were clearly more significant. The relatively large differences between decomposition of the irradiated and non-irradiated samples were detected by DSC and thermogravimetry already after irradiation of water suspensions

2006-01-01

140

Isolation and computer analysis of the 5'-regulatory region of the seed storage protein gene from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench).  

Science.gov (United States)

Using the modified rapid amplification of cDNA ends (5'-RACE) approach, a fragment containing the 955 bp long 5'-regulatory region of the buckwheat storage globulin gene (FeLEG1) has been amplified from the genomic DNA of buckwheat. The entire fragment was sequenced, and the sequence was analyzed by computer prediction of cis-regulatory elements possibly involved in tissue-specific and developmentally controlled seed storage protein gene expression. The promoter obtained might be interesting not only for fundamental research but also as a useful tool for biotechnological application. PMID:15769138

Milisavljevi?, Mira Dj; Konstantinovi?, Miroslav M; Brkljaci?, Jelena M; Maksimovi?, Vesna R

2005-03-23

 
 
 
 
141

LENTIL TANNIN-GLOBULIN INTERACTIONAND AND IN VITRO HYDROLYSIS / INTERAÇÃO TANINO-GLOBULINA DE LENTILHA E HIDRÓLISE IN VITRO  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As frações protéicas foram isoladas dos cotiledones e os taninos isolados e purificados da casca da lentilha. A fração globulina correspondeu a 42,7 % do nitrogenio total da farinha de lentilha representando a fração protéica majoritária. Comparativamente ao metanol e metanol-HCl 1% a mistura aceton [...] a:água (7:3) representou o melhor meio extrator para os taninos da casca. A fração globulina isolada, nativa e aquecida (99oC/15 min), e caseína foram hidrolisadas com tripsina e pepsina na ausência de taninos e na presença de relações tanino:proteína de 1:40, 1:20, 1:10, 1:5 e 1:2,5. A hidrólise tríptica e péptica das proteínas não-aquecidas foram reduzidas com o aumento da relação tanino-proteína. A caseína não aquecida mostrou ser mais susceptível à tripsina que à globulina, o oposto sendo observado com a pepsina. O aquecimento seguido de interação com os taninos e hidrólise teve um efeito mais pronunciado sobre a digestão com tripsina que com pepsina para ambas proteínas. Abstract in english Protein fractions were isolated from lentil cotyledons and tannins were isolated and purified from lentil seed coats. The globulin fraction corresponded to 42.7% of the total lentil flour nitrogen, representing the major protein fraction. Acetone:water (7:3) was the best extractant for seed coat tan [...] nins compared to methanol or methanol-HCl 1%. Native and heated (99oC/15 min.) isolated lentil globulin and casein were hydrolyzed with trypsin and pepsin in the absence of tannins and at 1:40, 1:20, 1:10, 1:5 and 1:2.5 tannin-to-protein ratios. The tryptic and peptic hydrolysis of the unheated proteins were reduced with increasing tannin-to-protein ratios. Unheated casein showed to be more susceptible to trypsin than globulin and the opposite effect was observed with pepsin. Heating followed by tannin interaction and hydrolysis had a more pronounced effect on tryptic than peptic digestion for both proteins.

Valdir A., NEVES; Euclides J., LOURENÇO.

142

XML Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

XML documents require new techniques for compact storage and efficient query processing. In this entry, we classify the main approaches taken to store XML documents by industrial systems and in research works.

Barbosa, Denilson; Bohannon, Phil; Freire, Juliana; Kanne, Carl-christian; Manolescu, Ioana; Vassalos, Vasilis; Yoshikawa, Masatoshi

2009-01-01

143

Effects of a major androgen-dependent urinary protein, ?2u-globulin on the pituitary-gonadal axis and hypothalamic monoamines in adult male mice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of alpha-2u-globulin, a sex-dependent male rat urinary protein on pituitary-gonadal functions and hypothalamic monamine contents in male mice. Adult male mice, maintained under standardized laboratory conditions were injected subcutaneously with alpha-2u-globulin or with vehicle daily for 14 days and killed 16 h after the last injection. Plasma levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T) and testicular levels of T were measured by radioimmunoassays. The concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and anterior hypothalamus (AH) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Administration of alpha-2u-globulin led to a significant increase in plasma FSH and LH levels. In the MBH of alpha-2u-globulin treated mice, there were significant elevations of NE, DA and 5-HT contents. In the AH, both DA and 5-HT contents were decreased while NE content remained unaltered

1990-01-01

144

Effects of a major androgen-dependent urinary protein,. alpha. 2u-globulin on the pituitary-gonadal axis and hypothalamic monoamines in adult male mice  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of alpha-2u-globulin, a sex-dependent male rat urinary protein on pituitary-gonadal functions and hypothalamic monamine contents in male mice. Adult male mice, maintained under standardized laboratory conditions were injected subcutaneously with alpha-2u-globulin or with vehicle daily for 14 days and killed 16 h after the last injection. Plasma levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T) and testicular levels of T were measured by radioimmunoassays. The concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and anterior hypothalamus (AH) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Administration of alpha-2u-globulin led to a significant increase in plasma FSH and LH levels. In the MBH of alpha-2u-globulin treated mice, there were significant elevations of NE, DA and 5-HT contents. In the AH, both DA and 5-HT contents were decreased while NE content remained unaltered.

Ghosh, P.K.; Chandrashekar, V.; Steger, R. Bartke, A. (Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale (USA))

1990-01-01

145

[Hematologic improvement with deferasirox following tandem antithymocyte globulin treatment in a transfusion-dependent patient with severe aplastic anemia].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 62-year-old man with transfusion-dependent severe aplastic anemia received immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with rabbit antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine A in April 2010. However, his transfusion dependency did not improve. As more than 100 red blood cell (RBC) transfusions had been performed, he was administered iron chelation therapy (ICT) with deferasirox (DFX) to improve iron overload starting in July 2011. Consequently, both RBC and platelet transfusion dependency gradually improved concomitant with a decrease in serum ferritin. The bone marrow (BM) biopsy findings before administration of DFX showed severe iron accumulation and strong positive immunostaining for 8-OHdG, a marker of oxidative stress due to free iron. One year after ICT, the number of BM hematopoietic cells was increased and both iron deposition and oxidative stress were decreased. These findings suggest that DFX may contribute to hematological improvement in patients with IST-refractory aplastic anemia. PMID:24305537

Jomen, Wataru; Kuroda, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Michiko; Matsuno, Teppei; Sato, Masanori; Abe, Tomoyuki; Sakurai, Tamaki; Fujii, Shigeyuki; Maeda, Masahiro; Fujita, Miri; Nagashima, Kazuo; Iyama, Satoshi; Miyanishi, Koji; Kobune, Masayoshi; Kato, Junji

2013-11-01

146

Binding of Ochratoxin A to a Urinary Globulin: A New Concept to Account for Gender Difference in Rat Nephrocarcinogenic Responses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available SDS-gradient mini-gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting of urine of rats given ochratoxin A (OTA, showed OTA binding to an α2u-globulin. Perceived potential internalised delivery of OTA to proximal tubule epithelia by the carrier, specific only to adult male rats and augmenting other uptake mechanisms, suggests that some experimental nephrotoxicological data may not be appropriate for human risk assessment. Reexamination of female rat renal tumour histopathology of the NTP high dose OTA study showed all carcinomas were solitary, unilateral, microscopic and clinically insignificant at the 2-year end-stage. The novel concept, when consolidated further from our archived material, may moderate current perceptions of the human risk of traces of dietary OTA.

Judit Nagy

2008-05-01

147

A phase II multicenter rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin trial in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes identifying a novel model for response prediction  

Science.gov (United States)

Immune dysregulation is a mechanism contributing to ineffective hematopoiesis in a subset of myelodysplastic syndrome patients. We report the first US multicenter non-randomized, phase II trial examining the efficacy of rabbit(r)-anti-thymocyte globulin using 2.5 mg/kg/day administered daily for 4 doses. The primary end point was hematologic response; secondary end points included duration of response, time to response, time to progression, and tolerance. Nine (33%;95% confidence interval=17%–54%) of the 27 patients treated experienced durable hematologic improvement in an intent-to-treat analysis with a median time to response and median response duration of 75 and 245 days, respectively. While younger age is the most significant factor favoring equine(e)-anti-thymocyte globulin response, treatment outcome on this study was independent of age (P=0.499). A shorter duration between diagnosis and treatment showed a positive trend (P=0.18), but International Prognostic Scoring System score (P=0.150), karyotype (P=0.319), and age-adjusted bone marrow cellularity (P=0.369) were not associated with response classification. Since activated T-lymphocytes are the primary cellular target of anti-thymocyte globulin, a T-cell expression profiling was conducted in a cohort of 38 patients consisting of rabbit and equine-antithymocyte globulin-treated patients. A model containing disease duration, CD8 terminal memory T cells and T-cell proliferation-associated-antigen expression predicted response with the greatest accuracy using a leave-one-out cross validation approach. This profile categorized patients independent of other covariates, including treatment type and age using a leave-one-out-cross-validation approach (75.7%). Therefore, rabbit-anti-thymocyte globulin has hematologic remitting activity in myelodysplastic syndrome and a T-cell activation profile has potential utility classifying those who are more likely to respond (NCT00466843 clinicaltrials.gov).

Komrokji, Rami S.; Mailloux, Adam W.; Chen, Dung-Tsa; Sekeres, Mikkael A.; Paquette, Ronald; Fulp, William J.; Sugimori, Chiharu; Paleveda-Pena, Jennifer; Maciejewski, Jaroslaw P.; List, Alan F.; Epling-Burnette, Pearlie K.

2014-01-01

148

Serum testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin and total calcium levels predict the calcaneal speed of sound in men  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: Variations in sex hormones and the calcium balance can influence bone health in men. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and biochemical determinants of bone mass, such as sex hormones, parathyroid hormones and serum calcium. METHODS: [...] Data from 549 subjects from the Malaysian Aging Male Study, which included Malay and Chinese men aged 20 years and older residing in the Klang Valley, were used for analysis. The subjects' calcaneal speed of sound was measured, and their blood was collected for biochemical analysis. Two sets of multiple regression models were generated for the total/bioavailable testosterone and estradiol to avoid multicollinearity. RESULTS: The multiple regression results revealed that bioavailable testosterone and serum total calcium were significant predictors of the calcaneal speed of sound in the adjusted model. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index, only bioavailable testosterone remained significant; the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. In a separate model, the total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin were significant predictors, whereas the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index (BMI), the significance persisted for total testosterone and SHBG. After further adjustment for age, none of the serum biochemical determinants was a significant predictor of the calcaneal speed of sound. CONCLUSION: There is a significant age-dependent relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and total testosterone, bioavailable testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin in Chinese and Malay men in Malaysia. The relationship between total serum calcium and calcaneal speed of sound is ethnicity-dependent.

Kok-Yong, Chin; Ima-Nirwana, Soelaiman; Isa Naina, Mohamed; Wan Zurinah Wan, Ngah.

149

Serum testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin and total calcium levels predict the calcaneal speed of sound in men  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Variations in sex hormones and the calcium balance can influence bone health in men. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and biochemical determinants of bone mass, such as sex hormones, parathyroid hormones and serum calcium. METHODS: Data from 549 subjects from the Malaysian Aging Male Study, which included Malay and Chinese men aged 20 years and older residing in the Klang Valley, were used for analysis. The subjects' calcaneal speed of sound was measured, and their blood was collected for biochemical analysis. Two sets of multiple regression models were generated for the total/bioavailable testosterone and estradiol to avoid multicollinearity. RESULTS: The multiple regression results revealed that bioavailable testosterone and serum total calcium were significant predictors of the calcaneal speed of sound in the adjusted model. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index, only bioavailable testosterone remained significant; the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. In a separate model, the total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin were significant predictors, whereas the total serum calcium was marginally insignificant. After adjustment for ethnicity and body mass index (BMI, the significance persisted for total testosterone and SHBG. After further adjustment for age, none of the serum biochemical determinants was a significant predictor of the calcaneal speed of sound. CONCLUSION: There is a significant age-dependent relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and total testosterone, bioavailable testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin in Chinese and Malay men in Malaysia. The relationship between total serum calcium and calcaneal speed of sound is ethnicity-dependent.

Kok-Yong Chin

2012-08-01

150

Effect of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germination on the major globulin content and in vitro digestibility Efeito da germinação de grão-de-bico (Cicer arietinum L.) na globulina majoritária e digestibilidade in vitro  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Chickpea seed germination was carried out over a period of 6 days. Little variation in the nitrogen and total globulin content was observed. The major globulin (11 S type) showed higher variation after the 4th day of germination. The elution behaviour and distribution of the isolated major globulin fraction on Sepharose CL-6B chromatography showed little modification at the end of germination. On SDS-PAGE the peak eluted from Sepharose CL-6B showed changes in protein bands between 20 and 30 k...

2005-01-01

151

Storage Rings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Storage rings are circular machines that store particle beams at a constant energy. Beams are stored in rings without acceleration for a number of reasons (Tab. 1). Storage rings are used in high-energy, nuclear, atomic, and molecular physics, as well as for experiments in chemistry, material and life sciences. Parameters for storage rings such as particle species, energy, beam intensity, beam size, and store time vary widely depending on the application. The beam must be injected into a storage ring but may not be extracted (Fig. 1). Accelerator rings such as synchrotrons are used as storage rings before and after acceleration. Particles stored in rings include electrons and positrons; muons; protons and anti-protons; neutrons; light and heavy, positive and negative, atomic ions of various charge states; molecular and cluster ions, and neutral polar molecules. Spin polarized beams of electrons, positrons, and protons were stored. The kinetic energy of the stored particles ranges from 10{sup -6} eV to 3.5 x 10{sup 12} eV (LHC, 7 x 10{sup 12} eV planned), the number of stored particles from one (ESR) to 1015 (ISR). To store beam in rings requires bending (dipoles) and transverse focusing (quadrupoles). Higher order multipoles are used to correct chromatic aberrations, to suppress instabilities, and to compensate for nonlinear field errors of dipoles and quadrupoles. Magnetic multipole functions can be combined in magnets. Beams are stored bunched with radio frequency systems, and unbunched. The magnetic lattice and radio frequency system are designed to ensure the stability of transverse and longitudinal motion. New technologies allow for better storage rings. With strong focusing the beam pipe dimensions became much smaller than previously possible. For a given circumference superconducting magnets make higher energies possible, and superconducting radio frequency systems allow for efficient replenishment of synchrotron radiation losses of large current electron or positron beams. Storage rings have instrumentation to monitor the electrical and mechanical systems, and the beam quality. Computers are used to control the operation. Large storage rings have millions of control points from all systems. The time dependent beam intensity I(t) can often be approximated by an exponential function I(t) = I(0) exp(-t/{tau}) (1) where the decay time {tau} and, correspondingly, the store time ranges from a few turns to 10 days (ISR). {tau} can be dominated by a variety of effects including lattice nonlinearities, beam-beam, space charge, intrabeam and Touschek scattering, interaction with the residual gas or target, or the lifetime of the stored particle. In this case, the beam lifetime measurement itself can be the purpose of a storage ring experiment. The main consideration in the design of a storage ring is the preservation of the beam quality over the store length. The beam size and momentum spread can be reduced through cooling, often leading to an increase in the store time. For long store times vacuum considerations are important since the interaction rate of the stored particles with the residual gas molecules is proportional to the pressure, and an ultra-high vacuum system may be needed. Distributed pumping with warm activated NEG surfaces or cold surfaces in machines with superconducting magnets are ways to provide large pumping speeds and achieve low pressures even under conditions with dynamic gas loads. The largest application of storage rings today are synchrotron light sources, of which about 50 exist world wide. In experiments where the beam collides with an internal target or another beam, a storage ring allows to re-use the accelerated beam many times if the interaction with the target is sufficiently small. In hadron collider and ion storage rings store times of many hours or even days are realized, corresponding to up to 1011 turns and thereby target passages. Ref. [3] is the first proposal for a collider storage ring. A number of storage rings exist where the beam itself or its decay products are the object of s

Fischer, W.

2011-01-01

152

Data Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Even as home computers are being equipped with hard drives more massive than most users need, the scientific community is facing challenges of inadequate data storage systems. Experiments conducted in research facilities can produce unimaginable amounts of information, and computer scientists are working on ways to handle and manage it.Virtually every modern computer system incorporates several different storage technologies to process data efficiently. A gentle introduction to registers, caches, and other forms of memory is given on this site (1). A more advanced description of computer architecture and memory hierarchy is offered by Sun Microsystems (2). The paper explains the importance of having small, fast caches in the microprocessor to improve performance and reduce the delay of accessing the large, slow hard drive. Colossal Storage (3) is a company specializing in a new method of holographic data storage. While current technologies are hindered by area density, the proposed technology will expand into three dimensions and use the disk's volume to write data. Although the company's homepage is a bit poorly organized, some interesting insights into the technology and several white papers are available. InPhase Technologies is another company exploring holographic storage; however, its goal is to create a device that could be the successor to the DVD. In this article (4), the potential capabilities and specifications of such a device are discussed. A working prototype has already been demonstrated, paving the way for future commercially viable drives based on the technology. A short paper by the Department of Energy Office of Science (5) describes the impending rush of data generated by future scientific applications. It outlines the obstacles that must be overcome, including data mobility, extraction and analysis, and storage hardware. Possibly the most ambitious storage system ever created will be used to capture data from the world's most advanced particle physics facility. The European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) will begin operating its Large Hadron Collider in 2007. The system that will collect and manage data from this instrument is described on this page (6). Documentation about the architecture and operation of the CERN Advanced STORage Manager (CASTOR) is provided. A news article from January 2003 (7) describes a new hard drive that can fit gigabytes of data in a tiny space. Said to measure about an inch wide, the Microdrive will be used in portable multimedia devices like digital video cameras. The second part of the article tells of the IBM Millipede project, which uses nanotechnology to make storage devices with less area than a dime. Satellites that monitor the Earth's environment have provided NASA with over a petabyte (a million gigabytes) of data. This article (8) discusses this remarkable achievement and how the system allows constant access to all of the information.

Leske, Cavin.

153

Solar energy storage systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Water tank storage, pebble bed heat storage, adsorbent beds, and thermochemical storage of solar energy are discussed. The thermodynamics of thermochemical heat storage and criteria for selection of thermochemical reaction are discussed. (WHK)

Mahajan, S.P.; Mudgal, A.G. (comp.)

1980-01-01

154

Battery storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper focuses on four generic types of secondary battery - Alkaline batteries, Flow batteries, Sodium batteries, and Lithium batteries - that hold most promise for the storage of energy.As baterias alcalinas, as de matérias activas exteriores, as de sódio e as de lítio constituem uma forma excelente para o armazenamento de energia química e podemos encará-las como muito promissoras para aplicações de armazenamento de energia em larga escala. Este artigo inclui alguns comentár...

Sequeira, Ce?sar A. C.; Pedro, Ma?rio R.

2008-01-01

155

T cell–depleted stem-cell transplantation for adults with hematologic malignancies: sustained engraftment of HLA-matched related donor grafts without the use of antithymocyte globulin  

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Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) has been used in allogeneic stem-cell transplantation to prevent graft rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Its use, however, has been associated with delayed T-cell reconstitution and prolonged susceptibility to opportunistic infections (OIs) especially in patients undergoing T cell–depleted (TCD) transplantation. Recently, a prospective trial was conducted in 52 adult patients (median age, 47 years) with various hematologic malignancies undergoing T...

2007-01-01

156

Role of serum carrier proteins in the peripheral metabolism and tissue distribution of thyroid hormones in familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia and congenital elevation of thyroxine-binding globulin.  

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To investigate the role of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and albumin in the availability of thyroid hormones to peripheral tissues, comprehensive kinetic studies of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) were carried out in eight subjects with familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH), in four subjects with inherited TBG excess, and in 15 normals. In high-TBG subjects, the reduction of T4 and T3 plasma clearance rates (by 51% and 54%, respectively) was associated with normal daily ...

1987-01-01

157

Incidence and Pattern of Graft-versus-Host Disease in Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Transplantation after Nonmyeloablative Conditioning with Total Lymphoid Irradiation and Antithymocyte Globulin  

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Nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning with total lymphoid irradiation and antithymocyte globulin (TLI/ATG) has been shown to protect against acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We report here our institutional experience with allogeneic transplantation following NMA conditioning with TLI/ATG (n = 21). GVHD prophylaxis consisted of a combination of a calcineurin inhibitor and mycophenolate mofetil. Median patient age was 59 years. The median followup of surviving patients is 545 days. One pa...

Veltri, Lauren; Regier, Michael; Cumpston, Aaron; Leadmon, Sonia; Tse, William; Craig, Michael; Hamadani, Mehdi

2013-01-01

158

A Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Circulating Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin Reveals Multiple Loci Implicated in Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation  

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Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein responsible for the transport and biologic availability of sex steroid hormones, primarily testosterone and estradiol. SHBG has been associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 21,791 individuals from 10 epidemiologic studies and validated these findings in 7,046 individuals in an ...

2012-01-01

159

A Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Circulating Sex Hormone–Binding Globulin Reveals Multiple Loci Implicated in Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein responsible for the transport and biologic availability of sex steroid hormones, primarily testosterone and estradiol. SHBG has been associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 21,791 individuals from 10 epidemiologic studies and validated these findings in 7,046 individuals in an ...

2012-01-01

160

Sex hormone binding globulin and risk factors for breast cancer in a population of normal women who had never used exogenous sex hormones.  

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Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations were measured by immunoradiometric assay in serum samples from 1,221 healthy female volunteers aged 34-79 who had never used oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, had no history of thyroid disease or cancer, and had not used any drugs known to influence SHBG in the 14 days preceding blood sampling. There were 616 premenopausal and 605 naturally postmenopausal women. In both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, SHBG decreased ...

Moore, J. W.; Key, T. J.; Bulbrook, R. D.; Clark, G. M.; Allen, D. S.; Wang, D. Y.; Pike, M. C.

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Interaction of blood sex steroid-binding globulin-steroid complexes with the plasma membranes of cells of the human decidual endometrium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The plasma membranes of cells of the decidual tissue specifically bind complexes of the sex steroid-binding globulin (SBG) of the blood with estrogens (estradiol, estriol, estrone) and the pharmacological agent danazol but do not interact with SBG-testosterone and SBG-dihydrotestosterone complexes. The selectivity of the interaction of SBG-steroid complexes with the cell membranes of the decidual tissue confirms the hypothesis of an active role of SBG in the action of steroids on this target tissue.

Zhuk, N.I.; Avvakumov, G.V.; Strel' chenok, O.A.

1986-01-10

162

Interaction of blood sex steroid-binding globulin-steroid complexes with the plasma membranes of cells of the human decidual endometrium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The plasma membranes of cells of the decidual tissue specifically bind complexes of the sex steroid-binding globulin (SBG) of the blood with estrogens (estradiol, estriol, estrone) and the pharmacological agent danazol but do not interact with SBG-testosterone and SBG-dihydrotestosterone complexes. The selectivity of the interaction of SBG-steroid complexes with the cell membranes of the decidual tissue confirms the hypothesis of an active role of SBG in the action of steroids on this target tissue

1986-01-10

163

A genome-wide association meta-analysis of circulating sex hormone-binding globulin reveals multiple loci implicated in sex steroid hormone regulation  

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Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein responsible for the transport and biologic availability of sex steroid hormones, primarily testosterone and estradiol. SHBG has been associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 21,791 individuals from 10 epidemiologic studies and validated these findings in 7,046 individuals in an ...

Coviello, A. D.; Haring, R.; Wellons, M.; Vaidya, D.; Lehtima?ki, T.; Keildson, S.; Lunetta, K. L.; He, C.; Fornage, M.; Lagou, V.; Mangino, M.; Onland-moret, N. C.; Chen, B.; Eriksson, J.; Garcia, M.

2012-01-01

164

The Effects of Caffeinated and Decaffeinated Coffee on Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and Endogenous Sex Hormone Levels: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

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Background: Findings from observational studies suggest that sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and endogenous sex hormones may be mediators of the putative relation between coffee consumption and lower risk of type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on SHBG and sex hormone levels. Findings: After a two-week run-in phase with caffeine abstention, we conducted an 8-week parallel-arm randomized controlled trial. Healthy a...

Brennan, Aoife M.; Wedick, Nicole Marie; Mantzoros, Christos; Ding, Eric L.; Rosner, Bernard Alfred; Rimm, Eric B.; Hu, Frank B.; Dam, Rob M.

2012-01-01

165

Coffee and Caffeine Consumption in Relation to Sex Hormone–Binding Globulin and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Postmenopausal Women  

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OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has been inversely associated with type 2 diabetes risk, but its mechanisms are largely unknown. We aimed to examine whether plasma levels of sex hormones and sex hormone–binding globulin (SHBG) may account for the inverse association between coffee consumption and type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in the prospective Women's Health Study (WHS). During a median follow-up of 10 years, 359 postmenopausal ...

Goto, Atsushi; Song, Yiqing; Chen, Brian H.; Manson, Joann Elisabeth; Buring, Julie Elizabeth; Liu, Simin

2011-01-01

166

The effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on sex hormone-binding globulin and endogenous sex hormone levels: a randomized controlled trial  

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Abstract Background Findings from observational studies suggest that sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and endogenous sex hormones may be mediators of the putative relation between coffee consumption and lower risk of type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on SHBG and sex hormone levels. Findings After a two-week run-in phase with caffeine abstention, we conducted an 8-week parallel-arm ...

2012-01-01

167

Induction of specific unresponsiveness to heart allografts in mongrel dogs treated with total lymphoid irradiation and antithymocyte globulin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The survival of heterotopic heart allografts was determined in mongrel dogs treated with total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive agents. TLI alone (total dose, 1800 rad) minimally prolonged graft survival as compared with untreated controls. However, marked synergy was observed when TLI was combined with a 10-day post-transplant course of rabbit anti-dog thymocyte globulin (ATG). Approximately 40% of recipients given TLI and ATG showed specific unresponsiveness, as judged by the lack of rejection on serial biopsies for more than 1 year and the prompt rejection of third party hearts. The addition of post-transplant azathioprine (90 to 180 days) to the TLI and ATG regimen increased the mortality of recipients and reduced the fraction of dogs showing specific unresponsiveness. Infusion of donor bone marrow cells at the time of heart transplantation failed to induced specific unresponsiveness in recipients given TLI alone or TLI in combination with post-transplant methotrexate, cyclosporine A, or ATG. The results indicate that the combination of TLI and a brief course of ATG without marrow transplantation was the most effective regimen for the induction of specific unresponsiveness in mongrel dogs

1984-01-01

168

Proteomic and genetic analysis of wheat endosperm albumins and globulins using deletion lines of cultivar Chinese Spring  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Albumins and globulins from the endosperm of Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) were analysed to establish a proteome reference map for this standard wheat cultivar. Approximately, 1,145 Coomassie-stained spots were detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE), 410 of which were identified using mass spectrometry and data mining. Salt-soluble endosperm proteins from 67 CS deletion lines were also separated by 2DE (four gels per line). Image analysis of the 268 2DE gels as compared to the CS reference proteome allowed the detection of qualitative and quantitative variations in endosperm proteins due to chromosomal deletions. This differential analysis of spots allowed structural or regulatory genes, encoding 211 proteins, to be located on segments of the 21 wheat chromosomes. In addition, variance analysis of quantitative variations in spot volume showed that the expression of 391 proteins is controlled by one or more chromosome bins with 262 significant increases and 196 significant decreases in spot volume. The spot volume of several proteins was increased or decreased by numerous chromosomal regions and homoeologous-like regulation was revealed for some proteins. Quantitative or qualitative variation in a total of 386 proteins was influenced by genes assigned to at least one chromosomal region, while 66 % of all stained proteins were not found to be influenced by chromosome bins. Proteomics of deletion lines can, therefore, be used to simultaneously analyse the composition and genetics of a complex tissue, such as the wheat endosperm.

Bousbata, Sabrina; Svensson, Birte

2012-01-01

169

Biochemical and immunological characterization of human opsonic alpha2SB glycoprotein: its identity with cold-insoluble globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between human cold-insoluble globulin (CIg, plasma fibronectin) and the human serum opsonic alpha2SB glycoprotein was investigated using immunochemical and biochemical techniques. The two proteins appeared to have identical molecular weights by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis on 3.3% gels; have identical migration in the native state on 2.7 to 27% gradient polyacrylamide gels; and have a similar amino acid composition within the accuracy of analysis. Human serum demonstrates antigenic identity when diffused against monospecific antisera to both proteins confirming the presence of common antigenic sites on both molecules. Purified human serum opsonic alpha2SB glycoprotein and purified CIg also demonstrate antigenic identity when diffused against monospecific antiserum to either of the isolated proteins. Antiserum to both proteins also inhibits in vitro hepatic Kupffer cell phagocytic uptake of test particles. These results suggest the idenity of these two proteins and reveal a major physiological function for human plasma CIg. Thus, CIg may be important in the regulation of hepatic reticuloendothelial phagocytic activity and nonspecific systemic host defense. This process of systemic host defense has been shown to be depressed in patients following trauma, major surgery, burn injury, and during neoplastic disease, and, in part, mediated by a deficiency or depletion of the alpha2SB glycoprotein. PMID:96117

Blumenstock, F A; Saba, T M; Weber, P; Laffin, R

1978-06-25

170

Conformational study of globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to study changes in the conformation of globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) (BWG) under various environmental conditions. The IR spectrum of the native BWG showed several major bands from 1691 to 1636 cm(-1) in the amide I' region, and the secondary structure composition was estimated as 34.5% beta-sheets, 20.0% beta-turns, 16.0% alpha-helices, and 14.4% random coils. Highly acidic and alkaline pH conditions induced decreases in beta-sheet and alpha-helical contents, as well as in denaturation temperature (Td) and enthalpy of denaturation (DeltaH), as shown in the DSC thermograms. Addition of chaotropic salts (1.0 M) caused progressive decreases in ordered structures and thermal stability following the lyotropic series of anions. The presence of several protein structure perturbants also led to changes in IR band intensities and DSC thermal stabilities, suggesting protein unfolding. Intermolecular antiparallel beta-sheet (1620 and 1681 cm(-1)) band intensities started to increase when BWG was heated to 90 degrees C, suggesting the initiation of protein aggregation. Increasing the time of the preheat treatment (at 100 degrees C) caused progressive increases in Td and pronounced decreases in DeltaH, suggesting partial denaturation and reassociation of protein molecules. PMID:16190669

Choi, Siu-Mei; Ma, Ching-Yung

2005-10-01

171

A review of human anti-globulin antibody (HAGA, HAMA, HACA, HAHA) responses to monoclonal antibodies. Not four letter words  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The United States Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) has approved unconjugated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for immunotherapy (IT) of B-cell lymphoma, breast cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. More recently, approval has been given for conjugated ZevalinTM ({sup 9}0yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan, IDEC-Y2B8, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA) and BexxarTM ({sup 1}31I-tositumomab, Corixa, Corp., Seattle, WA and GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, PA) antiCD20 MAns for use in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of non-Hodgikin's lymphoma (NHL), thus redefining the standard care of cancer patients. Because of, and despite a lack of basis for concern about allergic reactions due to human antibody responses to these foreign proteins, essays were developed to determine HAGE (human anti-globulin antibody) levels that developed in patient sera following treatment with MAbs. Strategies were also devised to humanize MAbs and to temporarily block patient immune function with drugs in order to decrease the seroconversion rates, with considerable success. On the other hand, a survival advantage has been observed in some patients who developed a HAGA following treatment. This correlates with development of an anti-idiotype antibody cascade directed toward the MAbs used to treat these patients. What follows is a selective review of HAGA and its effect on cancer treatment over the past 2 decades.

Mirick, G. R.; Bradt, B. M.; Denardo, S. J.; Denardo, G. L. [Calfornia Univ., Sacramento (United States). Davis Medical Center

2004-12-01

172

Biological half-life and transfer of maternal corticosteroid-binding globulin to amniotic fluid in the rabbit  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Rabbit corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) from the serum of pregnant and nonpregnant females differs in terms of charge microheterogeneity, and both forms were, therefore, radiolabeled and injected iv into 23- to 27-day pregnant rabbits (n = 6) to assess their biological half-lives and possible transfer to the fetal compartment. After an initially rapid distribution phase, the serum half-lives of both forms of [125I]CBG were essentially identical (approximately 13 h) and did not vary at different gestational ages. There was also no difference in the transfer of either form of [125I]CBG from maternal to fetal compartments in any of the animals studied. Moreover, [125I]CBG showed no sign of degradation and retained its steroid-binding activity in fetal urine and amniotic fluid. Twenty-two hours after administration of [125I]CBG to rabbits (n = 2) at 23 days gestation, its mean level in fetal urine (7 cpm/microliter) and amniotic fluid (2.5 cpm/microliter) was much higher than that in fetal blood (0.6 cpm/microliter). More importantly, the specific activities of [125I]CBG in fetal urine and amniotic fluid were comparable to that in maternal serum, and approximately 2 orders of magnitude higher than that in fetal serum. Taken together, these results suggest that CBG in fetal urine and amniotic fluid is largely of maternal origin, and that maternal CBG crosses the fetal kidney preferentially

1989-01-01

173

Total lymphoid irradiation-antithymocyte globulin conditioning and allogeneic transplantation for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and myeloproliferative neoplasms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo HCT) is the only curative therapy for the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), but treatment toxicity has been a barrier to its more widespread use. The nonmyeloablative regimen of total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) permits the establishment of donor hematopoiesis necessary for the graft-versus-malignancy effect and is protective against acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), but it has minimal direct cytotoxicity against myeloid diseases. We explored the use of TLI-ATG conditioning to treat 61 patients with allo HCT for MDS (n = 32), therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (n = 15), MPN (n = 9), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (n = 5). The median age of all patients was 63 years (range, 50 to 73). The cumulative incidence of aGVHD grades II to IV was 14% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4% to 23%) and for grades III to IV, 4% (95% CI, 0 to 9%), and it did not differ between patients who received allografts from related or unrelated donors. The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 100 days, 12 months, and 36 months was 0%, 7%, and 11%. Overall survival and progression-free survival were 41% (95% CI, 29% to 53%) and 35% (95% CI, 23% to 48%), respectively. The safety and tolerability of TLI-ATG, as exemplified by its low NRM, provides a foundation for further risk-adapted or prophylactic interventions to prevent disease progression. PMID:24607552

Benjamin, Jonathan; Chhabra, Saurabh; Kohrt, Holbrook E; Lavori, Philip; Laport, Ginna G; Arai, Sally; Johnston, Laura; Miklos, David B; Shizuru, Judith A; Weng, Wen-Kai; Negrin, Robert S; Lowsky, Robert

2014-06-01

174

Characterization and quantification of corticosteroid-binding globulin in a southern toad, Bufo terrestris, exposed to coal-combustion-waste  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) is a plasma protein that binds corticosterone and may regulate access of hormone to tissues. The role of CBG during a stress response is not clear. In this study, southern toads, Bufo terrestris, were exposed to a chronic pollutant (coal-combustion-waste), to determine changes in CBG and free corticosterone levels. Since toads exposed to chronic pollutants in previous studies did not exhibit the predicted changes in metabolic rate and mass, but did experience a significant elevation in total corticosterone, we hypothesized that CBG would likewise increase and thus, mitigate the effects of a chronic (i.e. 2 months) pollutant stressor. To conduct this study, we first characterized the properties of CBG in southern toads. After characterization, we monitored the changes in CBG, total corticosterone, and free corticosterone in male toads that were exposed to either coal-combustion-waste or control conditions. CBG increased in all groups throughout the experiment. Total corticosterone, on the other hand, was only significantly elevated at four weeks of exposure to coal-combustion-waste. The increase in CBG did not parallel the increase in total corticosterone; as a result, free corticosterone levels were not buffered by CBG, but showed a peak at four weeks similar to total corticosterone. This finding indicates that, in this species, CBG may not provide a protective mechanism during long-term pollution exposure.

Ward, C.K.; Fontes, C.; Breuner, C.W.; Mendonca, M.T. [Auburn University, Auburn, AL (USA). Dept. of Biological Science

2007-05-15

175

Sex hormone binding globulin measurement before conception as a predictor of gestational diabetes in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels before conception are predictive of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Materials and Methods: A total of 180 women with PCOS were enrolled and followed up during pregnancy. Diagnosis of GDM was based on a 2-hour, 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) performed at 24-28 weeks of gestational age. SHBG levels were measured from serum samples that had collected before conception. We examined the incidence of GDM and plotted a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to assess discrimination. Results: Of the 180 women, 50 (27.8%) were diagnosed with GDM. Those with lower levels of SHBG before conception were more likely to develop GDM than those with higher SHBG (44.4 ± 14.8 nmol/l vs. 63.5 ± 22.7 nmol/l, P < 0.001). The area under the ROC was 77.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 71.3-78.8). The optimal cut-off value for detecting GDM was a SHBG ?62.5 nmol/l. For every 1 nmol/l increase in SHBG value, there was a 7% reduction in the risk for development of GDM (Odds ratio 0.93 [95% CI 0.90-0.96], P < 0.001). Conclusion: In women with PCOS preconception, SHBG levels are strongly associated with development of GDM.

Mehrabian, Ferdous; Rezae, Marzieh

2013-01-01

176

Differential expression and elution behavior of basic 7S globulin among cultivars under hot water treatment of soybean seeds.  

Science.gov (United States)

Basic 7S globulin (Bg7S), which accumulates in mature soybean (Glycine max) seeds, is an extracellular matrix protein. A large amount of Bg7S is synthesized de novo and is eluted from soybean seeds when immersed in 50-60°C water (hot water treatment, HWT). However, the Bg7S elution mechanism remains unclear. Under HWT, the seeds probably undergo heat stress and flooding stress. To obtain fundamental knowledge related to how Bg7S is eluted from hot-water-treated seeds, this study compared Bg7S elution among soybean cultivars having different flooding tolerance during pre-germination. The amounts of Bg7S eluted from seeds varied significantly among cultivars. Elution was suppressed by seed coats regarded as preventing the leakage of seed contents by rapid water imbibition. Furthermore, Bg7S expression levels differed among cultivars, although the difference did not result from any variation in Bg7S promoter sequences. However, the expression levels of Bg7S under HWT were not associated with the flooding tolerance level. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that the Bg7S accumulated in the intercellular space of hot-water-treated seeds. Plasma membrane shrinkage was observed. The main proteins eluted from seeds under HWT were located in the extracellular space. This study clarified the mechanism of Bg7S elution from seeds under HWT. PMID:24331980

Fujiwara, Keigo; Cabanos, Cerrone; Toyota, Kenji; Kobayashi, Yasunori; Maruyama, Nobuyuki

2014-06-01

177

Redox changes accompanying storage protein mobilization in moist chilled and warm incubated walnut kernels prior to germination.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alterations in the redox state of storage proteins and the associated proteolytic processes were investigated in moist-chilled and warm-incubated walnut (Juglans regia L.) kernels prior to germination. The kernel total protein labeling with a thiol-specific fluorochrome i.e. monobromobimane (mBBr) revealed more reduction of 29-32 kDa putative glutelins, while in the soluble proteins, both putative glutelins and 41, 55 and 58 kDa globulins contained reduced disulfide bonds during mobilization. Thus, the in vivo more reduced disulfide bonds of storage proteins corresponds to greater solubility. After the in vitro reduction of walnut kernel proteins pre-treated by N-ethyl maleimide (NEM) with dithioerythrethiol (DTT) and bacterial thioredoxin, the 58 kDa putative globulin and a 6 kDa putative albumin were identified as disulfide proteins. Thioredoxin stimulated the reduction of the H(2)O(2)-oxidized 6 kDa polypeptide, but not the 58 kDa polypeptide by DTT. The solubility of 6 kDa putative albumin, 58 and 19-24 kDa putative globulins and glutelins, respectively, were increased by DTT. The in vitro specific mobilization of the 58 kDa polypeptide that occurred at pH 5.0 by the kernel endogenous protease was sensitive to the serine-protease inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and stimulated by DTT. The specific degradation of the 58 kDa polypeptide might be achieved through thioredoxin-mediated activation of a serine protease and/or reductive unfolding of its 58 kDa polypeptide substrate. As redox changes in storage proteins occurred equally in both moist chilled and warm incubated walnut kernels, the regulatory functions of thioredoxins in promoting seed germination may be due to other germination related processes. PMID:22989946

Shahmoradi, Zeynab; Tamaskani, Fatemeh; Sadeghipour, Hamid Reza; Abdolzadeh, Ahmad

2013-01-01

178

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

Science.gov (United States)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2013-02-19

179

Combined N-glycome and N-glycoproteome analysis of the Lotus japonicus seed globulin fraction shows conservation of protein structure and glycosylation in legumes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized genotype/phenotype and easily manipulated genome, may also be suitable for studies of legume food allergy. Here we present a comprehensive study of the Lotus N-glycoproteome. The global and site-specific N-glycan structures of Lotus seed globulins were analyzed using mass spectrometry-based glycomics and glycoproteomics techniques. In total, 19 N-glycan structures comprising high mannose (�20%), pauci-mannosidic (�40%), and complex forms (�40%) were determined. The pauci-mannosidic and complex N-glycans contained high amounts of the typical plant determinants β-1,2-xylose and α-1,3-fucose. Two abundant Lotus seed N-glycoproteins were site-specifically profiled; a predicted lectincontaining two fully occupied N-glycosylation sites carried predominantly pauci-mannosidic structures in different distributions. In contrast, Lotus convicilin storage protein 2 (LCP2) carried exclusively high mannose N-glycans similar to its homologue, Ara h 1, which is the major allergen in peanut. In silico investigation confirmed that peanut Ara h 1 and Lotus LCP2 are highly similar at the primary and higher protein structure levels. Hence, we suggest that Lotus has the potential to serve as a model system for studying the role of seed proteins and their glycosylation in food allergy.

Dam, Svend Secher; Thaysen-Andersen, Morten

2013-01-01

180

Corticosteroid-binding globulin contributes to the neuroendocrine phenotype of mice selected for extremes in stress reactivity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasing evidence indicates an important role of steroid-binding proteins in endocrine functions, including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and regulation, as they influence bioavailability, local delivery, and cellular signal transduction of steroid hormones. In the plasma, glucocorticoids (GCs) are mainly bound to the corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) and to a lesser extend to albumin. Plasma CBG levels are therefore involved in the adaptive stress response, as they determine the concentration of free, biologically active GCs. In this study, we investigated whether male mice with a genetic predisposition for high-reactivity (HR), intermediate-reactivity (IR), or low-reactivity (LR) stress-induced corticosterone (CORT) secretion present different levels of free CORT and CORT-binding proteins, basally and in response to stressors of different intensity. Our results suggest a fine control interaction between plasma CBG expression and stress-induced CORT release. Although plasma CBG levels, and therefore CBG binding capacity, were higher in HR animals, CORT secretion overloaded the CBG buffering function in response to stressors, resulting in clearly higher free CORT levels in HR compared with IR and LR mice (HR>IR>LR), resembling the pattern of total CORT increase in all three lines. Both stressors, restraint or forced swimming, did not evoke fast CBG release from the liver into the bloodstream and therefore CBG binding capacity was not altered in our three mouse lines. Thus, we confirm CBG functions in maintaining a dynamic equilibrium between CBG-bound and unbound CORT, but could not verify its role in delaying the rise of plasma free CORT immediately after stress exposure. PMID:24048966

Mattos, Gabriele E; Heinzmann, Jan-Michael; Norkowski, Stefanie; Helbling, Jean-Christophe; Minni, Amandine M; Moisan, Marie-Pierre; Touma, Chadi

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

Genetic evidence that raised sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Epidemiological studies consistently show that circulating sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are lower in type 2 diabetes patients than non-diabetic individuals, but the causal nature of this association is controversial. Genetic studies can help dissect causal directions of epidemiological associations because genotypes are much less likely to be confounded, biased or influenced by disease processes. Using this Mendelian randomization principle, we selected a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) near the SHBG gene, rs1799941, that is strongly associated with SHBG levels. We used data from this SNP, or closely correlated SNPs, in 27 657 type 2 diabetes patients and 58 481 controls from 15 studies. We then used data from additional studies to estimate the difference in SHBG levels between type 2 diabetes patients and controls. The SHBG SNP rs1799941 was associated with type 2 diabetes [odds ratio (OR) 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91, 0.97; P = 2 x 10(-5)], with the SHBG raising allele associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. This effect was very similar to that expected (OR 0.92, 95% CI: 0.88, 0.96), given the SHBG-SNP versus SHBG levels association (SHBG levels are 0.2 standard deviations higher per copy of the A allele) and the SHBG levels versus type 2 diabetes association (SHBG levels are 0.23 standard deviations lower in type 2 diabetic patients compared to controls). Results were very similar in men and women. There was no evidence that this variant is associated with diabetes-related intermediate traits, including several measures of insulin secretion and resistance. Our results, together with those from another recent genetic study, strengthen evidence that SHBG and sex hormones are involved in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes.

Perry, John R B; Weedon, Michael N

2010-01-01

182

Prediagnostic plasma testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, IGF-I and hepatocellular carcinoma : Etiological factors or risk markers?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Elevated pre-diagnostic testosterone and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations have been proposed to increase risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the metabolism of these hormones is altered as a consequence of liver damage and they may have clinical utility as HCC risk markers. A case-control study was nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort and included 125 incident HCC cases and 247 individually matched controls. Testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and IGF-I were analyzed by immunoassays. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by conditional logistic regression. The area under the receiver operating curves (AUC) was calculated to assess HCC predictive ability of the tested models. After adjustments for epidemiological variables (body mass index, smoking, ethanol intake, hepatitis and diabetes) and liver damage (a score based on albumin, bilirubin, aspartate aminotransaminase, alanine aminotransaminase, gamma-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase concentrations), only SHBG remained significantly associated with risk (OR for top versus bottom tertile of 3.86 (1.32-11.3), ptrend =0.009). As a single factor SHBG had an AUC of 0.81 (0.75-0.86). A small, but significant increase in AUC was observed when SHBG was added to a model including the liver damage score and epidemiological variables (from 0.89 to 0.91, p=0.02) and a net reclassification of 0.47% (0.45-0.48). The observed associations of HCC with pre-diagnostic SHBG, free testosterone and IGF-I concentrations are in directions opposite to that expected under the etiological hypotheses. SHBG has a potential to be tested as pre-diagnostic risk marker for HCC. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Lukanova, Annekatrin; Becker, Susen

2014-01-01

183

Hyperimmune globulins and same-day thrombotic adverse events as recorded in a large healthcare database during 2008-2011.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thrombotic events (TEs) are rare serious complications following administration of hyperimmune globulin (HIG) products. Our retrospective claims-based study assessed occurrence of same-day TEs following administration of HIGs during 2008-2011 and examined potential risk factors using HealthCore's Integrated Research Database (HIRD(SM) ) and laboratory testing of products' procoagulant Factor XIa activity by U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Multivariable regression was used to estimate same-day TE risk for different products. Of 101,956 individuals exposed to 23 different HIG product groups, 86 (0.84 per 1,000 persons) had a TE diagnosis code (DC) recorded on the same day as HIG administration. Unadjusted same-day TE DC rates (per 1,000 persons) ranged from 0.4 to 148.9 for different products. GamaSTAN S/D IG >10 cc had statistically significantly higher same-day TE DC risk compared to Tetanus IG (OR = 57.57; 95% CI = 19.72-168.10). Increased TE risk was also observed with older age (?45 years), prior thrombotic events, and hypercoagulable state(s). Laboratory investigation identified elevated Factor XIa activity for GamaSTAN S/D, HepaGam B, HyperHep B S/D, WinRho SDF, HyperRHO S/D full dose, and HyperTET S/D. Our study, for the first time, identified increase in the same-day TE DC risk with GamaSTAN S/D IG >10 cc and suggests potentially elevated TE risk with other HIGs. PMID:23907744

Menis, Mikhail; Sridhar, Gayathri; Selvam, Nandini; Ovanesov, Mikhail V; Divan, Hozefa A; Liang, Yideng; Scott, Dorothy; Golding, Basil; Forshee, Richard; Ball, Robert; Anderson, Steven A; Izurieta, Hector S

2013-12-01

184

Genome Wide Association Identifies Common Variants at the SERPINA6/SERPINA1 Locus Influencing Plasma Cortisol and Corticosteroid Binding Globulin  

Science.gov (United States)

Variation in plasma levels of cortisol, an essential hormone in the stress response, is associated in population-based studies with cardio-metabolic, inflammatory and neuro-cognitive traits and diseases. Heritability of plasma cortisol is estimated at 30–60% but no common genetic contribution has been identified. The CORtisol NETwork (CORNET) consortium undertook genome wide association meta-analysis for plasma cortisol in 12,597 Caucasian participants, replicated in 2,795 participants. The results indicate that <1% of variance in plasma cortisol is accounted for by genetic variation in a single region of chromosome 14. This locus spans SERPINA6, encoding corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG, the major cortisol-binding protein in plasma), and SERPINA1, encoding ?1-antitrypsin (which inhibits cleavage of the reactive centre loop that releases cortisol from CBG). Three partially independent signals were identified within the region, represented by common SNPs; detailed biochemical investigation in a nested sub-cohort showed all these SNPs were associated with variation in total cortisol binding activity in plasma, but some variants influenced total CBG concentrations while the top hit (rs12589136) influenced the immunoreactivity of the reactive centre loop of CBG. Exome chip and 1000 Genomes imputation analysis of this locus in the CROATIA-Korcula cohort identified missense mutations in SERPINA6 and SERPINA1 that did not account for the effects of common variants. These findings reveal a novel common genetic source of variation in binding of cortisol by CBG, and reinforce the key role of CBG in determining plasma cortisol levels. In turn this genetic variation may contribute to cortisol-associated degenerative diseases.

Direk, Nese; Lewis, John G.; Hammond, Geoffrey L.; Hill, Lesley A.; Anderson, Anna; Huffman, Jennifer; Wilson, James F.; Campbell, Harry; Rudan, Igor; Wright, Alan; Hastie, Nicholas; Wild, Sarah H.; Velders, Fleur P.; Hofman, Albert; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Lahti, Jari; Raikkonen, Katri; Kajantie, Eero; Widen, Elisabeth; Palotie, Aarno; Eriksson, Johan G.; Kaakinen, Marika; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Davey Smith, George; Ring, Susan M.; Evans, David M.; St Pourcain, Beate; Tanaka, Toshiko; Milaneschi, Yuri; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi; van der Harst, Pim; Rosmalen, Judith G. M.; Bakker, Stephen J. L.; Verweij, Niek; Dullaart, Robin P. F.; Mahajan, Anubha; Lindgren, Cecilia M.; Morris, Andrew; Lind, Lars; Ingelsson, Erik; Anderson, Laura N.; Pennell, Craig E.; Lye, Stephen J.; Matthews, Stephen G.; Eriksson, Joel; Mellstrom, Dan; Ohlsson, Claes; Price, Jackie F.; Strachan, Mark W. J.; Reynolds, Rebecca M.; Tiemeier, Henning; Walker, Brian R.

2014-01-01

185

Thermal energy storage technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A brief review is given of the current trends in thermal energy storage research in solar thermal application systems including sensible heat storage, latent thermal energy storage, chemical heat storage, concentration differential and adsorption heat storage methods. The future prospects of these new technologies are briefly evaluated.

Kamimoto, Masayuki

1987-01-01

186

Safe Storage of Pesticides  

Science.gov (United States)

Safe Storage of Pesticides Esta página Web está disponible en español Improper pesticide storage and disposal can be hazardous to human health and ... storage needs by buying only the amount of pesticide that you will need in the near future ...

187

Pumping and Milk Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

... This information in Spanish ( en español ) Pumping and milk storage Pumping Storage of breast milk More information ... air dry. Return to top Storage of breast milk Breast milk can be stored in clean glass ...

188

Storage Pool Deficiencies  

Science.gov (United States)

... Issues for Girls & Women Treatment Options Resources Inherited Platelet Disorders Bernard-Soulier Syndrome Glanzmann Thrombasthenia Storage Pool Deficiencies Home About Bleeding Disorders Storage pool ...

189

Rabbit Polyclonal Anti-Mouse Thymocyte Globulin Administration Alters Dendritic Cell Profile and Function in NOD Mice to Suppress Diabetogenic Responses  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Anti-mouse thymocyte globulin (mATG) prevents, as well as reverses, type-1 diabetes (T1D) in NOD mice, through mechanisms involving modulation of the immunoregulatory activities of T lymphocytes. Dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal role in the generation of T cell responses, including those relevant to the autoreactive T cells enabling T1D. As antibodies against DC are likely generated during production of mATG, we examined the impact of this preparation on the phenotype and function of DC in...

Huang, Yanfei; Parker, Matthew; Xia, Changqing; Peng, Ruihua; Wasserfall, Clive; Clarke, Tracy; Wu, Lizhen; Chowdhry, Tayseer; Campbell-thompson, Martha; Williams, John; Clare-salzler, Michael; Atkinson, Mark A.; Womer, Karl L.

2009-01-01

190

Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. Our results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (Mr 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH2-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict...

Hammond, G. L.; Smith, C. L.; Goping, I. S.; Underhill, D. A.; Harley, M. J.; Reventos, J.; Musto, N. A.; Gunsalus, G. L.; Bardin, C. W.

1987-01-01

191

Immunosuppression induction with rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin with or without rituximab in 1000 liver transplant patients with long-term follow-up.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG)-based immunosuppression induction is being increasingly used in liver transplantation (LT) in conjunction with steroid-free protocols to delay the initiation of calcineurin inhibitors. This study reports a single-center comparison of transplant outcomes and complications in 3 immunosuppression eras. Data were obtained retrospectively from a center research database, and the analysis included LT patients from 2001 to 2008. The immunosuppression consisted of rATG induction in 3 doses (6 mg/kg in all): (1) the first dose was administered perioperatively [the rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin in the operating room (rATG-OR) era]; (2) the first dose was delayed until 48 hours after transplantation [the rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin after a delay (rATG-D) era]; or (3) the first dose was delayed until 48 hours after transplantation, and a single dose of rituximab was added 72 hours after transplantation [the rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin after a delay plus rituximab (rATG-D-Ritux) era]. The initial maintenance immunosuppression was tacrolimus monotherapy, which was started on postoperative day 2. There were 166 patients (16%) in the rATG-OR era, 259 patients (26%) in the rATG-D era, and 588 patients (58%) in the rATG-D-Ritux era (1013 patients in all). Demographically, the latter eras were characterized by higher recipient and donor ages; greater percentages of liver-kidney transplants, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), donation after cardiac death (DCD), and imported organs; and shorter graft ischemia times. There were no significant differences between the 3 immunosuppression groups in unadjusted patient survival 3 and 5 years after transplantation (80% and 75% for the rATG-OR era, 75% and 67% for the rATG-D era, and 79% and 71% for the rATG-D-Ritux era, P = 0.15). The 5-year survival rates for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HCC were 65% and 68%, respectively. The factors included in the Cox regression model for patient death included the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.03, P = 0.001], HCV (HR = 1.28, P = 0.04), donor age (HR = 1.01, P = 0.001), recipient age (HR = 1.01, P = 0.05), and DCD (HR = 1.55, P = 0.11). rATG-based induction immunosuppression can be safely used in adult LT recipients with excellent survival and low rejection rates and without increases in immunosuppression-related side effects. PMID:22237953

Mangus, Richard S; Fridell, Jonathan A; Vianna, Rodrigo M; Kwo, Paul Y; Chen, Jeanne; Tector, A Joseph

2012-07-01

192

Age-related effects of gamma-radiation on testosterone-binding globulin characteristic an testosterone content in blood of rats  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prolonged external low-intensity (3.03 cGy/day) gamma-irradiation of Wismar male rats at different doses (25-100 cGy), in varied periods of time, resulted in marked transitory increases in blood serum testosterone content, simultaneously accompanied by dramatic falls in specific testosterone-blinding globulin concentration, coupled with regulatory-mediated changes of its molecular properties (cooperative and conformational reconstructions). The significance of the phenomena (as adaptation blood hormone-transport system reactions) for correction and compensation of radiation-induced disbalance is discussed (authors)

2001-01-01

193

Serum albumin and globulin analysis for hepatocellular carcinoma detection avoiding false-negative results from alpha-fetoprotein test negative subjects  

Science.gov (United States)

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of serum albumin and globulin were employed to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Tentative assignments of SERS bands show specific biomolecular changes associated with cancer development. These changes include a decrease in relative amounts of tryptophan, glutamine, glycine, and serine, indicating excessive consumption of amino acids for protein duplication. Principal component analysis was also introduced to analyze the obtained spectra, resulting in both diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 100%. More importantly, it reveals that this method can detect HCC patients with alpha-fetoprotein negative test results, suggesting its great potential as a new alternative to detect HCC.

Wang, Jing; Feng, Shangyuan; Lin, Juqiang; Zeng, Yongyi; Li, Ling; Huang, Zufang; Li, Buhong; Zeng, Haishan; Chen, Rong

2013-11-01

194

Sex hormone-binding globulin, its membrane receptor, and breast cancer: a new approach to the modulation of estradiol action in neoplastic cells.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The role of human Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG), the plasma carrier of sex steroids, and its membrane receptor, SHBG-R, in estrogen-dependent breast cancer has been investigated in our laboratory in the past few years. SHBG-R is expressed in MCF-10 A cells (not neoplastic mammary cells), MCF-7 cells (breast cancer, ER positive) and in tissue samples from patients affected with ER positive breast cancer, but not in estrogen-insensitive MDA-MB 231 cells. The SHBG/SHBG-R interaction, follo...

1999-01-01

195

Differential binding of thyroxine and triiodothyronine to acidic isoforms of thyroid hormone binding globulin in human serum  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The differential availability of thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) to liver from the circulating thyroid hormone binding globulin (TBG)-bound pool suggests that the two thyroid hormones may bind to different TBG isoforms in human serum. In the present study, the binding of [125I]T4 and [125I]T3 to human serum proteins was investigated by using slab gel isoelectric focusing and chromatofocusing. In normal human male serum, [125I]T4 was localized to four isoforms of TBG called TBG-I, -II, -III, and -IV, with isoelectric points (pI's) of 4.30, 4.35, 4.45, and 4.55, respectively. [125I]T3 was localized to only two isoforms of TBG, TBG-III, and -IV, with pI's that were identical with those for [125I]T4. In normal female serum, [125I]T4 was localized to the same four isoforms of TBG as those of normal male serum, while [125I]T3 was localized to TBG-II, -III, -IV, and -V (pI = 4.65). In pregnant female serum, [125I]T4 was localized to five isoforms, whereas [125I]T3 was localized to four. IEF was also performed with male serum loaded with various concentrations of unlabeled T3. The K/sub i/ values of T3 binding to TBG-I, -II, -III, and -IV were 5.0, 2.4, 0.86, and 0.46 nM, respectively. The TBG isoforms in normal male serum were also separated by sequential concanavalin A-Sepharose affinity chromatography and the chromatofocusing (pH range of 3.5-5.0). T4 preferentially bound to the most acidic isoforms of TBG in the pI range of 3.8-4.0, whereas the less acidic fractions (pH 4.0-4.2) bound both T4 and T3. In conclusion, this study shows that T4 and T3 do not bind to a single competitive binding site on TBG. Instead, T4 is preferentially bound by the most acidic TBG isoforms owing to a 10-fold lower affinity of T3 for these proteins

1988-05-17

196

Identification, characterization and expression of novel Sex Hormone Binding Globulin alternative first exons in the human prostate  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The human Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) gene, located at 17p13.1, comprises, at least, two different transcription units regulated by two different promoters. The first transcription unit begins with the exon 1 sequence and is responsible for the production of plasma SHBG by the hepatocytes, while the second begins with an alternative exon 1 sequence, which replaces the exon 1 present in liver transcripts. Alternative exon 1 transcription and translation has only been demonstrated in the testis of transgenic mice containing an 11-kb human SHBG transgene and in the human testis. Our goal has been to further characterize the 5' end of the SHBG gene and analyze the presence of the SHBG alternative transcripts in human prostate tissue and derived cell lines. Results Using a combination of in silico and in vitro studies, we have demonstrated that the SHBG gene, along with exon 1 and alternative exon 1 (renamed here exon 1A), contains four additional alternative first exons: the novel exons 1B, 1C, and 1E, and a previously identified exon 1N, which has been further characterized and renamed as exon 1D. We have shown that these four alternative first exons are all spliced to the same 3' splice site of SHBG exon 2, and that exon 1A and the novel exon 1B can be spliced to exon 1. We have also demonstrated the presence of SHBG transcripts beginning with exons 1B, 1C and 1D in prostate tissues and cell lines, as well as in several non-prostatic cell lines. Finally, the alignment of the SHBG mammalian sequences revealed that, while exons 1C, 1D and 1E are very well conserved phylogenetically through non-primate mammal species, exon 1B probably aroused in apes due to a single nucleotide change that generated a new 5' splice site in exon 1B. Conclusion The identification of multiple transcription start sites (TSS) upstream of the annotated first exon of human SHBG, and the detection of the alternative transcripts in human prostate, concur with the prediction of the ENCODE (ENCyclopedia of DNA Elements) project, and suggest that the regulation of SHBG is much more complex than previously reported.

Pinos, Tomas; Barbosa-Desongles, Anna; Hurtado, Antoni; Santamaria-Martinez, Albert; de Torres, Ines; Morote, Joan; Reventos, Jaume; Munell, Francina

2009-01-01

197

High Serum Level of Antithymocyte Globulin Immediately before Graft Infusion Is Associated with a Low Likelihood of Chronic, But Not Acute, Graft-versus-Host Disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is administered during transplant conditioning to decrease the risk of both acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Here we evaluated the relationship between the serum concentration of ATG (capable of binding to lymphocytes) immediately before graft infusion (day 0) or on day +7 or +28 post-transplantation and the development of aGVHD or cGVHD. We studied 180 patients whose conditioning included 4.5 mg/kg antithymocyte globulin (ATG; Thymoglobulin). For aGVHD, we found no association with ATG levels on day 0. Nevertheless, high day +7 and +28 ATG levels were associated with a low likelihood of aGVHD. For cGVHD, high ATG levels at all 3 time points (days 0, +7, and +28) were associated with a low likelihood of cGVHD. In conclusion, high-dose ATG administration at the time of graft infusion appears to inhibit the development of cGVHD, but not aGVHD; however, higher ATG levels on days +7 and +28 are associated with lower rates of both aGVHD and cGVHD. PMID:24727330

Chawla, Sumit; Dharmani-Khan, Poonam; Liu, Yiping; Prokopishyn, Nicole; Amlish Munir, Muhammad; Griffiths, Cameron; Khan, Faisal M; Stewart, Douglas A; Russell, James A; Daly, Andrew; Storek, Jan

2014-08-01

198

Study of thermal aggregation of globulin from common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) by size-exclusion chromatography and laser light scattering.  

Science.gov (United States)

The heat-induced aggregation of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculetum Moench) globulin (BWG) was studied using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) combined with on-line multiangle laser light scattering (MALLS) and quasielastic light scattering (QELS). The unheated BWG was found to exist mainly as a hexamer, with an estimated weight-average molecular weight (M(w)) of 342 000, close to that deduced from the genomic cloned data of 13S buckwheat globulin. The QELS data predicted that the hexamer exists as two annular trimeric rings (diameter approximately 10.8 nm) placed on top of each other, forming an oblate cylinder (height approximately 9.1 nm). Upon heating, hexamers and trimers were dissociated and then associated to form extended small aggregates, finally forming compact, large macroaggregates. N-Ethylmaleimide would favor macroaggregate formation and increased the molar masses and hydrodynamic radii of the soluble aggregates, suggesting a different aggregation process in the presence of the sulfhydryl-blocking agent. A plot of log hydrodynamic radius versus log molar mass showed changes in the slope during heat treatment, suggesting conformational transformation in the heat-denatured and aggregated BWG molecules. PMID:16417320

Choi, Siu-Mei; Ma, Ching-Yung

2006-01-25

199

Photon storage cavities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A general analysis is presented of a photon storage cavity, coupled to free-electron laser (FEL) cavity. It is shown that if the coupling between the FEL cavity and the storage cavity is unidirectional (for example, a ring resonator storage cavity) then storage is possible, but that if the coupling is bi-directional then storage is not possible. Parameters are presented for an infra-red FEL storage cavity giving an order of magnitude increase in the instantaneous photon power within the storage cavity. 4 refs., 3 figs

1991-08-25

200

Photon storage cavities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A general analysis is presented of a photon storage cavity, coupled to free-electron laser (FEL) cavity. It is shown that if the coupling between the FEL cavity and the storage cavity is unidirectional (for example, a ring resonator storage cavity) then storage is possible, but that if the coupling is bi-directional then storage is not possible. Parameters are presented for an infra-red FEL storage cavity giving an order of magnitude increase in the instantaneous photon power within the storage cavity. 4 refs., 3 figs.

Kim, K.J.; Sessler, A.M.

1991-08-01

 
 
 
 
201

Bone marrow transplantation in thalassemia major patients using "short" anti-thymocyte globulin therapy in Shiraz, Southern Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was performed on 113 Iranian transfusion-dependent thalassemia major patients from May 1993 through September 2003. To have at least 2 years follow-up, we report BMT on 90 patients transplanted up to December 2001. The donors were human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical, mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC)-nonreactive siblings (n = 74) on parents (n = 6); HLA-identical MLC-reactive siblings (n = 5) or parents (n = 1); and one HLA antigen-mismatched sibling (n = 4). The induction regimen in 11 patients was oral busulfan (BU) (14 mg/kg) and IV cyclophosphamide (CY; 200 mg/kg); in fifteen patients it was BU (15 mg/kg) and cyclophosphamide (CY; 200 mg/kg); in 47 patients, BU (15 mg/kg), CY (200 mg/kg), and short course of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG, horse; 40 mg/kg including 10 mg/kg on days -2, -1, +1, +2); and in 15 patients, BU (15 mg/kg) CY (200 mg/kg), and ATG (60 to 100 mg/kg; 10 mg/kg at 3 to 5 days before and after BMT). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and prednisolone. The group who received BU (14 mg/kg) and CY (200 mg/kg), as compared to the group receiving BU (15 mg/kg) and CY (200 mg/kg), was of younger age and lower risk; median age 7 versus 10 years, and 46% versus 7% in Lucarelli's risk group class I (the best prognostic group), respectively. These patients showed a lower disease-free survival (DFS), namely 64% versus 73%, with a follow up of 2 to 10.5 years. Thus from 9.5 years ago, our standard protocol for BU has been 15 mg/kg. The group who received "short" ATG (40 mg/kg), BU (15 mg/kg), and CY (200 mg/kg) showed almost the same outcome as the group who received a higher dose of ATG (60 to 100 mg/kg), namely DFS 72% versus 73%, respectively, despite the fact that half of both groups were included in the Lucarelli's risk group class III (the worst prognostic group) 49% versus 53%. We showed the same DFS for the patients who received BU (15 mg/kg), CY (200 mg/kg), and no ATG compared with the ATG group (73% vs 72%), but 27% of the group without ATG developed grade IV acute GVHD and 54% developed chronic GVHD. In the group with short ATG, 15% and 17% of patients developed grade IV acute and chronic GVHD, respectively. There was no significant difference for falls in platelets and white blood cell or engraftment days and the number of packed red blood cell transfusions among the groups. The median hospital stay was longer for the group with BU (15 mg/kg), CY (200 mg/kg) namely 81 versus 61 to 65 days. Second bone marrow infusions were needed in 6% and 20% of patients who received ATG doses of (40 versus 60 to 100 mg/kg; respectively (1 to 2 month post-BMT). BU at a dose of 15 mg/kg was more effective than 14 mg/kg BU for its myeloablative properties. By adding "short" ATG course to the conditioning regimen, the incidence of grade IV acute and chronic GVHD was reduced in thalassemic patients, especially when an HLA disparity was present. PMID:16387149

Zakerinia, M; Khojasteh, H N; Ramzi, M; Haghshenas, M

2005-12-01

202

Identification and characterisation of seed storage protein transcripts from Lupinus angustifolius  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In legumes, seed storage proteins are important for the developing seedling and are an important source of protein for humans and animals. Lupinus angustifolius (L., also known as narrow-leaf lupin (NLL is a grain legume crop that is gaining recognition as a potential human health food as the grain is high in protein and dietary fibre, gluten-free and low in fat and starch. Results Genes encoding the seed storage proteins of NLL were characterised by sequencing cDNA clones derived from developing seeds. Four families of seed storage proteins were identified and comprised three unique ?, seven ?, two ? and four ? conglutins. This study added eleven new expressed storage protein genes for the species. A comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of NLL conglutins with those available for the storage proteins of Lupinus albus (L., Pisum sativum (L., Medicago truncatula (L., Arachis hypogaea (L. and Glycine max (L. permitted the analysis of a phylogenetic relationships between proteins and demonstrated, in general, that the strongest conservation occurred within species. In the case of 7S globulin (? conglutins and 2S sulphur-rich albumin (? conglutins, the analysis suggests that gene duplication occurred after legume speciation. This contrasted with 11S globulin (? conglutin and basic 7S (? conglutin sequences where some of these sequences appear to have diverged prior to speciation. The most abundant NLL conglutin family was ? (56%, followed by ? (24%, ? (15% and ? (6% and the transcript levels of these genes increased 103 to 106 fold during seed development. We used the 16 NLL conglutin sequences identified here to determine that for individuals specifically allergic to lupin, all seven members of the ? conglutin family were potential allergens. Conclusion This study has characterised 16 seed storage protein genes in NLL including 11 newly-identified members. It has helped lay the foundation for efforts to use molecular breeding approaches to improve lupins, for example by reducing allergens or increasing the expression of specific seed storage protein(s with desirable nutritional properties.

Goggin Danica E

2011-04-01

203

Initial blood storage experiment  

Science.gov (United States)

The possibility of conducting experiments with the formed elements of the blood under conditions of microgravity opens up important opportunities to improve the understanding of basic formed element physiology, as well as, contribution to improved preservation of the formed elements for use in transfusion. The physiological, biochemical, and physical changes of the membrane of the erythrocyte, platelet, and leukocyte was studied during storage under two specific conditions: standard blood bank conditions and microgravity, utilizing three FDA approved plastic bags. Storage lesions; red cell storage on Earth; platelet storage on Earth; and leukocyte storage Earth were examined. The interaction of biomaterials and blood cells was studied during storage.

Surgenor, Douglas MACN.

1988-01-01

204

Windows Azure data storage  

CERN Multimedia

Make tools for storage accessible from Azure apps and any Internet connected app In Windows Azure Data Storage, Simon Hart of Microsoft's Windows Azure Center of Excellence Team gives you all the tools you need to provide storage that is accessible both from Windows Azure applications and any application connected to the Internet. The book starts with an overview of the fundamental concepts, and then quickly dives in to configuring, scenario mapping, security, backup, recovery, and maintenance of the various data storage options. Contents include: Data Storage OptionsLocal StorageBlob Stora

Johnson, Bruce

2013-01-01

205

Storage - Research Councils UK  

... RCUK Common Principles on Data Policy · RCUK Policy on Open Access ... \\Energy Storage was recently highlighted as one of the Eight Great ... Energy \\storage has been recognised as one method of managing these differences.

206

Photoelectrochemical Storage Cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

This citation summarizes a one-page announcement of technology available for utilization. Research has led to significnt progress for solar-energy conversion and storage devices called Photoelectrochemical Storage Cells (PECS). Major achievements in high-...

1982-01-01

207

Ethylene storage plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Near Tarragona/Spain Messrs. Sulzer built an ethylene storage and shipping plant for the petroleum refinery Enpetrol. The storage plant, safety devices, treatment of the evaporating steams, and the shipping facilities are described.

Mueller, A.

1981-04-01

208

Safer Science: Chemical Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Using chemicals safely requires a number of things, including current inventory control, appropriate labeling and storage segregation, ongoing inspections, and more. How can a science teacher find the appropriate storage information? Read on. This month's

Roy, Ken

2009-10-01

209

Fundamentals of energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book describes the various forms of energy storage, the principles used in storage devices, and state-of-the-art systems aspects of applications of energy storage. It covers mechanical, electromagnetic, organic and hydrogen fuels, electrochemical, chemical and physical aspects of the subject. The applications include utilities, transport, industry and buildings. It views energy storage for load-leveling, for use with renewable energy sources, resource handling system optimization, and more. Total systems on small and large scales are covered.

Jensen, J.; Sorensen, B.

1984-01-01

210

Fuel storage systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Storage technologies are characterized for solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels. Emphasis is placed on storage methods applicable to Integrated Community Energy Systems based on coal. Items discussed here include standard practice, materials and energy losses, environmental effects, operating requirements, maintenance and reliability, and cost considerations. All storage systems were found to be well-developed and to represent mature technologies; an exception may exist for low-Btu gas storage, which could have materials incompatability.

Donakowski, T.D.; Tison, R.R.

1979-08-01

211

Amnesic Distributed Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Distributed storage algorithms implement the abstraction of a shared register over distributed base objects. We study a specific class of storage algorithms, which we call amnesic: these have the pragmatic property that old values written in the implemented register might be eventually forgotten, i.e., they are not permanently kept in the storage and might be overwritten in the base objects by more recent values. This paper precisely captures this property and argues that most storage algorit...

2007-01-01

212

Storage in Europe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Storage represents one of the key elements among the different modulation tools. How the problem of storage is put forward in Europe in front of the increasing uncertainty of the gas demand and prices? What are the policies implemented by storage facility operators? To what extend storage can amortize gas prices volatility or allow the market actors to take the best profit of this volatility? These are the questions debated at this workshop by four specialists of this domain. (J.S.)

2007-01-01

213

Intravenous and standard immune serum globulin preparations interfere with uptake of 125I-C3 onto sensitized erythrocytes and inhibit hemolytic complement activity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Antibody-sensitized sheep erythrocytes were used as a model to determine the effects of therapeutic immune serum globulin (ISG) preparations on the ability of this particulate activator to fix C3 and initiate hemolysis. Both standard and intravenous forms of ISG inhibit uptake of 125I-C3, presumably by competing for the deposition of ''nascent'' C3b molecules onto the erythrocytes. Both forms of ISG also inhibit hemolytic activity of whole serum or purified complement components. The inhibition appears to be a specific property of IgG itself, since similar inhibition was not caused by equivalent concentrations of human serum albumin, and was not affected by the buffer in which the ISG was dissolved. Interference with C3 uptake onto antibody-sensitized platelets and/or inhibition of hemolytic complement activity could contribute to the efficacy of high dose intravenous ISG in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

1985-01-01

214

Intravenous and standard immune serum globulin preparations interfere with uptake of /sup 125/I-C3 onto sensitized erythrocytes and inhibit hemolytic complement activity  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Antibody-sensitized sheep erythrocytes were used as a model to determine the effects of therapeutic immune serum globulin (ISG) preparations on the ability of this particulate activator to fix C3 and initiate hemolysis. Both standard and intravenous forms of ISG inhibit uptake of /sup 125/I-C3, presumably by competing for the deposition of ''nascent'' C3b molecules onto the erythrocytes. Both forms of ISG also inhibit hemolytic activity of whole serum or purified complement components. The inhibition appears to be a specific property of IgG itself, since similar inhibition was not caused by equivalent concentrations of human serum albumin, and was not affected by the buffer in which the ISG was dissolved. Interference with C3 uptake onto antibody-sensitized platelets and/or inhibition of hemolytic complement activity could contribute to the efficacy of high dose intravenous ISG in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Berger, M.; Rosenkranz, P.; Brown, C.Y.

1985-02-01

215

The effect of triiodothyronine (L-T3) and weight loss on sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in hirsute obese women  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effect of a 60-day period of treatment with L-T3 (200 ?g/day) was evaluated in hirsute obese women and normal controls. The obese patients were also submitted to a low calorie high protein. Mean initial weight significantly declined with a significant lowering of the mean DHEA-S leves. There was changes in serum T3 rose in both obese and normal patients. Serum sex-hormone binding globulin levels at baseline studies were significantly higher in normal controls than in obese patients. At the end of de 60-day period of L-T3 administration it was observed in both groups a 2-4 fold increase in serum SHBG levels but normal controls had significantly higher mean values than obese individuals. (M.A.C.)

1984-01-01

216

Effect of triiodothyronine (L-T/sub 3/) and weight loss on sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in hirsute obese women  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effect of a 60-day period of treatment with L-T/sub 3/ (200 ..mu..g/day) was evaluated in hirsute obese women and normal controls. The obese patients were also submitted to a low calorie high protein diet. Mean initial weight significantly declined with a significant lowering of the mean DHEA-S level. There were changes in serum T/sub 3/ which rose in both obese and normal patients. Serum sex-hormone binding globulin levels at baseline studies were significantly higher in normal controls than in obese patients. At the end of the 60-day period of L-T/sub 3/ administration it was observed in both groups a 2-4 fold increase in serum SHBG levels but normal controls had significantly higher mean values than obese individuals.

Cavaliere, H.; Medeiros Neto, G.A. (Sao Paulo Univ. (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina)

1984-06-01

217

Coping with extreme: highland Eurasian tree sparrows with molt-breeding overlap express higher levels of corticoserone-binding globulin than lowland sparrows.  

Science.gov (United States)

In birds, suppressed expression of stress-induced corticosterone (CORT) during pre-basic molt is generally thought to reflect a physiological trade-off in self-maintenance. And reduced CORT during breeding in extreme environments may maximize reproductive success and optimize their fitness. Highland Eurasian tree sparrows (Passer montanus) are known to express significantly higher stress-induced CORT levels during the pre-basic molt stage. Here, we show that these highland sparrows are characterized by a life history strategy of molt-breeding overlap, with higher corticosterone-binding globulin (CBG) levels favoring molt and breeding consistent with fitness optimization on the Tibetan Plateau. These unique behavioral and physiological strategies reflect natural selection under strong evolutionary pressures in extreme high-altitude environments. PMID:23847036

Li, Dongming; Zhang, Ji; Liu, Dan; Zhang, Li; Hu, Yonghong; Duan, Xianglin; Wu, Yuefeng

2013-10-01

218

Association of the pituitary-testicular axis function and sex hormone-binding globulin with melatonin secretion in morbidly obese men  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A possible relationship between melatonin (MEL) secretion and pituitary-testicular function as well as the circadian rhythmicity of serum MEL, lutropin (LH), folitropin (FSH), estradiol (E2), total testosterone (T) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were evaluated in 16 men with the primary obesity (body mass index - BMI > 43 kg/m2; waist-to-hip circumference ratio - WHR > 1.0) and in 17 healthy volunteers with normal body weight. The mean 24-h MEL level was significantly higher in obese patients than in healthy control individuals. Moreover, all obese men showed some abnormalities of MEL circadian pattern such as decreased ratio between day and night MEL levels, abnormal secretory peaks during the light hours and lower interindividual variability for timing amplitude. Abnormal circadian variations of MEL were associated with reduced 24-h mean values of LH, FSH, T and SHBG, whereas E2 levels were elevated. (author). 49 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs

1995-01-01

219

Thermal storage device  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The increase in volume of a heat storage medium comprising water or a first eutectic mixture of water and a salt hydrate, when such storage medium passes from the liquid to the solid state, is prevented from occurring by adding 1 to 6% by volume of a second water-salt hydrate eutectic having a lower freezing point to the storage medium.

Schroder, J.

1982-04-13

220

Antilymphocyte induction immunosuppression in the post-Minnesota anti-lymphocyte globulin era: incidence of renal dysfunction and delayed graft function. A single center experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

Between 4/91 and 12/93, 262 patients received cadaveric (CRT) (n = 205) or living donor (LRT) (non-HLA identical) renal transplants. All patients were treated with the same sequential induction immunosuppression protocol, with the exception of different forms of antilymphocyte sera: either Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin (MALG), antithymocyte globulin (ATG), orthoclone antibody (OKT3), d 1 postoperatively, or OKT3 intraoperatively. With the withdrawal of MALG from the market, we wished to prospectively analyze the influence of these other antilymphocyte therapies on the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) (the requirement for hemodialysis within the first week postoperatively) and renal function during the first 3 d postoperatively and during the subsequent .6 months post-transplantation and compare that with our MALG experience. Of the 205 CRT, 76 received MALG with a DGF rate of 18.4%, 50 received ATGAM with a DGF rate of 22.0%, 38 received OKT3 postoperatively with a DGF rate of 39.5%, and 41 received OKT3 intraoperatively with a DGF rate of 39%. Of the 57 LRT, only two patients, one receiving intraoperatively OKT3 (secondary to graft thrombosis), and one MALG patient, suffered DGF. Serum creatinine values were obtained from postoperative d 1 through postoperative d 4 for 185 patients. Each of the four groups showed similar mean decrements in serum creatinine. The number of grafts functioning at 1, 2, 3 and 6 months postoperatively and serum creatinine values were not statistically different between the groups. We conclude that induction immunosuppression with MALG and ATGAM is associated with a lower DGF rate than OKT3 given either intraoperatively or postoperatively. However, with 6 months of follow-up, we do not observe any difference in the incidence of rejection or graft function between the therapies. Consequently, we have chosen ATGAM as our preferred inductive therapy in the absence of MALG owing to its lower associated DGF rate. PMID:8826659

Malinow, L; Walker, J; Klassen, D; Oldach, D; Schweitzer, E; Bartlett, S T; Weir, M R

1996-06-01

 
 
 
 
221

Solar energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Low-temperature processes for solar energy storage have been evaluated. Temperatures are low enough so that relatively inexpensive flat-plate solar collectors can be employed. Low temperature reactions are proposed which demonstrate the principles of chemical storage of solar energy. Certain of these reactions could be laboratory tested with little difficulty since they yield products which separate naturally. The most practical low-temperature system analyzed to date is the heat of vaporization storage system. The storage capacity for this system, typically about 200 kcal/liter, is close to an order to magnitude better than conventional sensible heat storage in water.

Gauss, A. Jr.

1976-06-01

222

Cloud storage for dummies  

CERN Multimedia

Understand cloud computing and save your organization time and money! Cloud computing is taking IT by storm, but what is it and what are the benefits to your organization? Hitachi Data Systems' Cloud Storage For Dummies provides all the answers, With this book, you discover a clear explanation of cloud storage, and tips for how to choose the right type of cloud storage for your organization's needs. You also find out how cloud storage can free up valuable IT resources, saving time and money. Cloud Storage For Dummies presents useful information on setting up a

Xu, Linda; Loughlin, Tanya

2010-01-01

223

Fuel storage tank  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The stationary fuel storage tank is immersed below the water level in the spent fuel storage pool. In it there is placed a fuel assembly within a cage. Moreover, the storage tank has got a water filling and a gas buffer. The water in the storage tank is connected with the pool water by means of a filter, a surge tank and a water purification facility, temperature and pressure monitoring being performed. In the buffer compartment there are arranged catalysts a glow plugs for recombination of radiolysis products into water. The supply of water into the storage tank is performed through the gas buffer compartment. (DG)

1979-01-01

224

Assessing storage adequacy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Government policy encourages the use of natural gas. It is expected that liquefied natural gas (LNG) and Arctic gas will make up 20 to 25 per cent of supply. This presentation provided an outlook of storage value based on a technical analysis by the National Petroleum Counsel (NPC) report. A moderately robust growth is expected in the residential and commercial load which may be partially offset by robust growth in electricity. The net result is an increase in storage requirements. It was concluded that there is a strong case for growth in storage demand but a lack of good sites for additional capacity. This will lead to higher storage values. The NPC sees the need for 1 Tcf more storage use by 2025, of which 700 Bcf will need to come from new storage. In particular, current storage levels may not be sufficient to meet a colder than normal winter, and deliverability is affected by field inventory. Most storage capacity was built before 1985, mostly by regulated entities. It is expected that only 250 to 400 Bcf will be added over the next 25 years in North America. If storage becomes scarce, prices will move to the marginal cost of new additions, and the upper limit on price will be determined by salt cavern storage. An increase of $1.00 in the price of leasing storage would add about $0.11 to the average price of consumed gas. tabs., figs

2004-09-20

225

Effect of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. germination on the major globulin content and in vitro digestibility Efeito da germinação de grão-de-bico (Cicer arietinum L. na globulina majoritária e digestibilidade in vitro  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chickpea seed germination was carried out over a period of 6 days. Little variation in the nitrogen and total globulin content was observed. The major globulin (11 S type showed higher variation after the 4th day of germination. The elution behaviour and distribution of the isolated major globulin fraction on Sepharose CL-6B chromatography showed little modification at the end of germination. On SDS-PAGE the peak eluted from Sepharose CL-6B showed changes in protein bands between 20 and 30 kDa and above 60 kDa, indicating protein degradation during the period. Proteolytic activity was detected in the albumin fraction of the seeds, which increased up to the fourth and then decreased up to the sixth day, when isolated chickpea total globulin and casein were used as substrates. Chickpea flour, isolated albumin and total globulin fractions did not show an increase for in vitro digestibility; however, the isolated major globulin was more susceptible to hydrolysis after germination.A germinação das sementes de grão-de-bico foi acompanhada por um período de 6 dias, no qual pequenas variações nos teores de nitrogênio e globulina total foram registradas. A globulina majoritária (tipo 11 S apresentou maiores variações após o quarto dia de germinação. A natureza e distribuição da fração globulina majoritária isolada na cromatografia em Sepharose CL-6B mostrou pequenas modificações ao final do período de germinação. A eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida com dodecilssulfato de sódio do pico eluído na cromatografia em Sepharose CL-6B demonstra modificações nas bandas de proteínas entre os pesos moleculares de 20 e 30 kDa e acima de 60 kDa, indicando degradação protéica durante o período. Atividade proteolítica foi detectada na fração albumina da semente que aumentou até o quarto dia, seguido de queda até o sexto dia de germinação, quando da utilização de globulina total isolada da semente e caseína como substratos. Farinha de grão-de-bico, frações albumina e globulina total isoladas não apresentaram aumento na digestibilidade in vitro; entretanto, a fração globulina majoritária isolada foi mais suscetível à hidrólise após germinação.

Guilherme Vanucchi Portari

2005-12-01

226

Network Atached Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital distribution of media has grown increasingly important as an additional requirement is to have this media available to multiple users. Traditionally, servers have filled this role in companies by providing storage that can be accessed by other devices on a network, typically through file sharing or serving or via a storage area network, while providing other services as well. Network attached storage (NAS) systems expand upon traditional servers in that they are built specifically wit...

2013-01-01

227

Storage reel assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A storage reel for flexible-cable remote manipulating means is described, which provides a form on which to store a flexible cable and its guide tube on the outside of the form, and which includes permanently fixed inside the form a relatively lighter weight storage tube, of teflon or the like, for storing a supply of the flexible cable. The storage reel is disclosed in a system for isotope radiography

1980-01-01

228

Storage reel assembly  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A storage reel for flexible-cable remote manipulating means is described, which provides a form on which to store a flexible cable and its guide tube on the outside of the form, and which includes permanently fixed inside the form a relatively lighter weight storage tube, of teflon or the like, for storing a supply of the flexible cable. The storage reel is disclosed in a system for isotope radiography.

Drainoni, R.A.; Parsons, G.W.

1980-09-30

229

Storage of solar energy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The thermal storage of solar energy is reviewed. Sensible-heat storage is discussed for water and for packed-bed storage systems. Latent-heat (phase-change) systems are reviewed as well as storing of solar energy by means of chemical reactions (e.g., production of H/sub 2/ through solar reaction). Advantages and disadvantages of the different systems are discussed. 14 references. (MJJ)

Kakac, S.; Yener, Y.

1981-02-01

230

Carbon Capture and Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Emissions of carbon dioxide, the most important long-lived anthropogenic greenhouse gas, can be reduced by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). CCS involves the integration of four elements: CO 2 capture, compression of the CO2 from a gas to a liquid or a denser gas, transportation of pressurized CO 2 from the point of capture to the storage location, and isolation from the atmosphere by storage in deep underground rock formations. Considering full life-cycle emissions, CCS technology can red...

Benson, S. M.; Bennaceur, K.; Cook, P.; Davison, J.; Coninck, H.; Farhat, K.; Ramirez, C. A.; Simbeck, D.; Surles, T.; Verma, P.; Wright, I.

2012-01-01

231

Reliable Distributed Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Storage is nowadays commonly provided as a service, accessed by clients over a network. A distributed storage service provides clients with the abstraction of a single reliable shared storage device, using a collection of possibly unreliable computing units. Algorithms that implement this abstraction vary according to many dimensions, including their complexity, the consistency semantics they provide, the number and types of failures they tolerate, as well as the assumptions they make on the ...

2008-01-01

232

Viability of thermal storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Just as energy storage increases the efficiency of power-generation and -distribution systems, thermal storage in buildings can maintain a more-constant temperature while using less energy and allowing the use of renewable energy sources. Heavy building structures, increased convection area through hollow slabs, and separate storage facilities using water, stone, or water as ice, water of crystallization, or in reservoirs are common ways to store energy in buildings. 4 figures. (DCK)

Svennberg, S.A.

1982-01-01

233

Accumulation of plant small heat-stress proteins in storage organs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Plant small heat-stress proteins (sHSPs) have been shown to be expressed not only after exposure to elevated temperatures, but also at particular developmental stages such as embryogenesis, microsporogenesis, and fruit maturation. This paper presents new data on the occurrence of sHSPs in vegetative tissues, their tissue-specific distribution, and cellular localization. We have found sHSPs in 1-year-old twigs of Acer platanoides L. and Sambucus nigra L. and in the liana Aristolochia macrophylla Lamk. exclusively in the winter months. In tendrils of Aristolochia, sHSPs were localized in vascular cambium cells. After budding, in spring, these proteins were no longer present. Furthermore, accumulation of sHSPs was demonstrated in tubers and bulbs of Allium cepa L., Amaryllis ( Hippeastrum hybridum hort.), Crocus albiflorus L., Hyacinthus orientalis L., Narcissus pseudonarcissus L., Tulipa gesneriana L., and Solanum tuberosum L. (potato). In potato tubers and bulb scales of Narcissus the stress proteins were localized in the central vacuoles of storage parenchyma cells. In order to obtain more information on a possible functional correlation between storage proteins and sHSPs, the accumulation of both types of protein in tobacco seeds during seed ripening and germination was monitored. The expression of sHSPs and globulins started simultaneously at about the 17th day after anthesis. During seed germination the sHSPs disappeared in parallel with the storage proteins. Furthermore, in embryos of transgenic tobacco plants, which do not contain any protein bodies or storage proteins, no sHSPs were found. Thus, the occurrence of sHSPs in perennial plant storage organs seems to be associated with the presence of storage proteins. PMID:12029471

Lubaretz, Olga; Zur Nieden, Uta

2002-06-01

234

A simple and rapid Hepatitis A Virus (HAV titration assay based on antibiotic resistance of infected cells: evaluation of the HAV neutralization potency of human immune globulin preparations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis A virus (HAV, the causative agent of acute hepatitis in humans, is an atypical Picornaviridae that grows poorly in cell culture. HAV titrations are laborious and time-consuming because the virus in general does not cause cytopathic effect and is detected by immunochemical or molecular probes. Simple HAV titration assays could be developed using currently available viral construct containing selectable markers. Results We developed an antibiotic resistance titration assay (ARTA based on the infection of human hepatoma cells with a wild type HAV construct containing a blasticidin (Bsd resistance gene. Human hepatoma cells infected with the HAV-Bsd construct survived selection with 2 ?g/ml of blasticidin whereas uninfected cells died within a few days. At 8 days postinfection, the color of the pH indicator phenol red in cell culture media correlated with the presence of HAV-Bsd-infected blasticidin-resistant cells: an orange-to-yellow color indicated the presence of growing cells whereas a pink-to-purple color indicated that the cells were dead. HAV-Bsd titers were determined by an endpoint dilution assay based on the color of the cell culture medium scoring orange-to-yellow wells as positive and pink-to-purple wells as negative for HAV. As a proof-of-concept, we used the ARTA to evaluate the HAV neutralization potency of two commercially available human immune globulin (IG preparations and a WHO International Standard for anti-HAV. The three IG preparations contained comparable levels of anti-HAV antibodies that neutralized approximately 1.5 log of HAV-Bsd. Similar neutralization results were obtained in the absence of blasticidin by an endpoint dilution ELISA at 2 weeks postinfection. Conclusion The ARTA is a simple and rapid method to determine HAV titers without using HAV-specific probes. We determined the HAV neutralization potency of human IG preparations in 8 days by ARTA compared to the 14 days required by the endpoint dilution ELISA. The ARTA reduced the labour, time, and cost of HAV titrations making it suitable for high throughput screening of sera and antivirals, determination of anti-HAV antibodies in human immune globulin preparations, and research applications that involve the routine evaluation of HAV titers.

Kaplan Gerardo G

2008-12-01

235

Chemical energy storage. Chemische Speicherung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The text is an except from a study on the present situation and possible developments of chemical energy storage. This form of energy storage comprises synthetic energy carriers, electrochemical storage, storage by reversible thermochemical reactions, and energy storage in products. (GG).

Durisch, W.; Haas, O.; Kesselring, P.; Weber, H.

1984-01-01

236

Multicenter Study To Determine Antibody Concentrations and Assess the Safety of Administration of INH-A21, a Donor-Selected Human Staphylococcal Immune Globulin, in Low-Birth-Weight Infants  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nosocomial or late-onset sepsis is a common complication among premature infants, with a frequency inversely correlated with birth weight. Increased susceptibility to infection is due in part to an immature humoral (antibody-mediated) immune response. This study investigated the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and safety of a donor-selected specific intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) preparation, INH-A21 (Veronate), for prevention of sepsis in premature infants. Thirty-six infants weighing between 500...

Capparelli, Edmund V.; Bloom, Barry T.; Kueser, Tom J.; Oelberg, David G.; Bifano, Ellen M.; White, Robert D.; Schelonka, Robert L.; Pearlman, Stephen A.; Patti, Joseph; Hetherington, Seth V.

2005-01-01

237

Sex hormone binding globulin decrease as potential pathogenetic factor for hirsutism in adolescent girls Disminución de la globulina transportadora de hormonas sexuales como factor patogénico de hirsutismo en la adolescencia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigated 252 non-obese female subjects aged 13-39 years to evaluate if an exaggerated descent of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels during adolescence can play a role in the development of hirsutism. Body hair was assessed according to Ferriman and Gallwey (FG), with a stringent criterion of normality of 4) and controls (FG < 4, regular menstrual cycles, no acne). In 15-18 ye...

Graciela Cross; Karina Danilowics; Martha Kral; Anne Caufriez; Georges Copinschi; Bruno, Oscar D.

2008-01-01

238

Reversible storage of hydrogen  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the framework of the reversible hydrogen storage, this laboratory is studying the hydrogen storage and more specifically reversible metallic hydrides. As a light, high mass capacity and economical element, the magnesium seems to be a good solution. The authors presents the operating of this fuel cell and the first results. (A.L.B.)

2005-01-01

239

Wind-energy storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Program SIMWEST can model wind energy storage system using any combination of five types of storage: pumped hydro, battery, thermal, flywheel, and pneumatic. Program is tool to aid design of optional system for given application with realistic simulation for further evaluation and verification.

Gordon, L. H.

1980-01-01

240

Storage resource manager  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Storage Resource Managers (SRMs) are middleware components whose function is to provide dynamic space allocation and file management on shared storage components on the Grid[1,2]. SRMs support protocol negotiation and reliable replication mechanism. The SRM standard supports independent SRM implementations, allowing for a uniform access to heterogeneous storage elements. SRMs allow site-specific policies at each location. Resource Reservations made through SRMs have limited lifetimes and allow for automatic collection of unused resources thus preventing clogging of storage systems with ''orphan'' files. At Fermilab, data handling systems use the SRM management interface to the dCache Distributed Disk Cache [5,6] and the Enstore Tape Storage System [15] as key components to satisfy current and future user requests [4]. The SAM project offers the SRM interface for its internal caches as well.

Perelmutov, T.; Bakken, J.; Petravick, D.; /Fermilab

2004-12-01

 
 
 
 
241

Electricity: the necessary storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As they are intermittent, renewable energies raise the issue of energy storage. A first article evokes the existence of energy-transfer pumping stations in France (they are associated with dams) and outlines that energy storage requires important investments. It also evokes the different considered and currently tested energy storage technologies (compressed air, hydrogen, flywheels, methane, batteries, or phase-change materials) and outlines that each of them is associated to a specific application. A second article discusses the issue of a precise control of the coupling between energy production and storage. Some experiments are evoked. A last article addresses the development of positive-energy buildings which require energy storage solutions which are based on smart grids

2013-02-01

242

Plutonium storage criteria  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy has issued a technical standard for long-term (>50 years) storage and will soon issue a criteria document for interim (<20 years) storage of plutonium materials. The long-term technical standard, {open_quotes}Criteria for Safe Storage of Plutonium Metals and Oxides,{close_quotes} addresses the requirements for storing metals and oxides with greater than 50 wt % plutonium. It calls for a standardized package that meets both off-site transportation requirements, as well as remote handling requirements from future storage facilities. The interim criteria document, {open_quotes}Criteria for Interim Safe Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Solid Materials{close_quotes}, addresses requirements for storing materials with less than 50 wt% plutonium. The interim criteria document assumes the materials will be stored on existing sites, and existing facilities and equipment will be used for repackaging to improve the margin of safety.

Chung, D. [Scientech, Inc., Germantown, MD (United States); Ascanio, X. [Dept. of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)

1996-05-01

243

Storage of radioactive materials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The standard applies to the storage of radioactive materials, excluding nuclear fuels, ('other radioactive materials' within the purview of sec. 2, sub-sec. (1), no. 1 AtG), as e.g. for applications in industry or medicine. The standard is also applicable to storage of nuclear fuels up to the tenth of the value granted general exemption from licensing requirements, but not from notification, excluding UF_6 (sec. 4 Radiation Protection Ordinance) and interim storage of radioactive wastes in accordance with sec. 9a AtG, ultimate disposal and storage being excluded. The standard defines safety requirements within the purview of sections 6 and 74 Radiation Protection Ordinance as of October 13, 1976, as far as the storage of 'other radioactive materials' is concerned. (orig./HSCH)

1985-01-01

244

Electricity Storage. Technology Brief  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Electricity storage is a key technology for electricity systems with a high share of renewables as it allows electricity to be generated when renewable sources (i.e. wind, sunlight) are available and to be consumed on demand. It is expected that the increasing price of fossil fuels and peak-load electricity and the growing share of renewables will result in electricity storage to grow rapidly and become more cost effective. However, electricity storage is technically challenging because electricity can only be stored after conversion into other forms of energy, and this involves expensive equipment and energy losses. At present, the only commercial storage option is pumped hydro power where surplus electricity (e.g. electricity produced overnight by base-load coal or nuclear power) is used to pump water from a lower to an upper reservoir. The stored energy is then used to produce hydropower during daily high-demand periods. Pumped hydro plants are large-scale storage systems with a typical efficiency between 70% and 80%, which means that a quarter of the energy is lost in the process. Other storage technologies with different characteristics (i.e. storage process and capacity, conversion back to electricity and response to power demand, energy losses and costs) are currently in demonstration or pre-commercial stages and discussed in this brief report: Compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems, Flywheels; Electrical batteries; Supercapacitors; Superconducting magnetic storage; and Thermal energy storage. No single electricity storage technology scores high in all dimensions. The technology of choice often depends on the size of the system, the specific service, the electricity sources and the marginal cost of peak electricity. Pumped hydro currently accounts for 95% of the global storage capacity and still offers a considerable expansion potential but does not suit residential or small-size applications. CAES expansion is limited due to the lack of suitable natural storage sites. Electrical batteries have a large potential with a number of new materials and technologies under development to improve performance and reduce costs. Heat storage is practical in CSP plants. The choice between large-scale storage facilities and small-scale distributed storage depends on the geography and demography of the country, the existing grid and the type and scale of renewable technologies entering the market. While the energy storage market is quickly evolving and expected to increase 20-fold between 2010 and 2020, many electricity storage technologies are under development and need policy support for further commercial deployment. Electricity storage considerations should be an integral part of any plans for electric grid expansion or transformation of the electricity system. Storage also offers key synergies with grid interconnection and methods to smooth the variability of electricity demand (demand side management)

Simbolotti, G. [Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development ENEA, Rome (Italy); Kempener, R. [International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA, Bonn (Germany)

2012-04-15

245

The role of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in conversion of testosterone to 5 ?-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione in skin from suprapubic area of women. Part 2. In vitro study with skin homogenates  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The influence of the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and of microsomal supernatant (cytosol) on 3H-testosterone transformation into 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone by skin microsomes of the suprapubic area of women in reproductive age was studied. Microsomal fractions were incubated with different forms of cytosol and with active and inactive globulin. Steroids, following isolation from the incubation material, were purified with the use of column and thin layer chromotographies. Individual recovery of identified androstenedione was calculated using radioisotopes, and the recovery of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone was determined with gas chromatography. The transformation of 3H-testosterone into 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione by skin microsomes in the presence of active globulin has become significantly reduced. Microsomal supernatant (cytosol) has not changed the quantity of identified 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, whereas the quantity of formed androstenedione has slightly decreased. The lack of cyprosterone influence on 5 alpha reductase activity and a slight decrease in 17-dehydrogenase activity in the skin microsomal fraction were found. (author)

1978-01-01

246

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission & distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1 to June 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: (1) Develop and process subcontract agreements for the eight projects selected for cofunding at the February 2006 GSTC Meeting; (2) Compiling and distributing the three 2004 project final reports to the GSTC Full members; (3) Develop template, compile listserv, and draft first GSTC Insider online newsletter; (4) Continue membership recruitment; (5) Identify projects and finalize agenda for the fall GSTC/AGA Underground Storage Committee Technology Transfer Workshop in San Francisco, CA; and (6) Identify projects and prepare draft agenda for the fall GSTC Technology Transfer Workshop in Pittsburgh, PA.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-07-06

247

Ovarian cancer risk and common variation in the sex hormone-binding globulin gene: a population-based case-control study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG is a carrier protein that modulates the bio-availability of serum sex steroid hormones, which may be involved in ovarian cancer. We evaluated whether common genetic variation in SHBG and its 3' neighbor ATP1B2, in linkage disequilibrium, is associated with the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods The study population included 264 women with ovarian carcinoma and 625 controls participating in a population-based case-control study in Poland. Five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in SHGB and five in ATP1B2 were selected to capture most common variation in this region. Results None of the SNPs evaluated was significantly associated with ovarian cancer risk, including the putative functional SNPs SHBG D356N (rs6259 and -67G>A 5'UTR (rs1799941. However, our data were consistent with a decreased ovarian cancer risk associated with the variant alleles for these two SNPs, which have been previously associated with increased circulating levels of SHBG. Conclusion These data do not support a substantial association between common genetic variation in SHBG and ovarian cancer risk.

Yeager Meredith

2007-04-01

248

Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors.  

Science.gov (United States)

We have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. Our results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (Mr 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH2-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict that the mature protein is composed of 383 amino acids and is a polypeptide of Mr 42,646. A second, in-frame, 72-base-pair cistron of unknown significance exists between the TAA termination codon for CBG and a possible polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) located 16 nucleotides before the polyadenylylation site. The deduced amino acid sequence of mature CBG contains two cysteine residues and consensus sequences for the attachment of six possible N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The sequences of the human lung and liver CBG cDNAs differ by only one nucleotide within the proposed leader sequence, and we attribute this to a point mutation. No sequence homology was found between CBG and other steroid binding proteins, but there is a remarkable similarity between the amino acid sequences of CBG and of alpha 1-antitrypsin, and this extends to other members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily. Images

Hammond, G L; Smith, C L; Goping, I S; Underhill, D A; Harley, M J; Reventos, J; Musto, N A; Gunsalus, G L; Bardin, C W

1987-01-01

249

Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. The results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (M/sub r/ 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH/sub 2/-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict that the mature protein is composed of 383 amino acids and is a polypeptide of M/sub r/ 42,646. A second, in-frame, 72-base-pair cistron of unknown significance exists between the TAA termination codon for CBG and a possible polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) located 16 nucleotides before the polyadenylylation site. The deduced amino acid sequence of mature CBG contains two cysteine residues and consensus sequences for the attachment of six possible N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The sequences of the human lung and liver CBG cDNAs differ by only one nucleotide within the proposed leader sequence,and they attribute this to a point mutation. No sequence homology was found between CBG and other steroid binding proteins, but there is a remarkable similarity between the amino acid sequences of CBG and of ..cap alpha../sub 1/-antitrypsin, and this extends to other members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily

Hammond, G.L.; Smith, C.L.; Goping, I.S.; Underhill, D.A.

1987-08-01

250

Influx of testosterone-binding globulin (TeBG) and TeBG-bound sex steroid hormones into rat testis and prostate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The availability of testosterone and estradiol to Sertoli and prostate cells is dependent upon 1) the permeability properties of the blood-tubular barrier (BTB) of the testis or prostate cell membrane, and 2) sex steroid binding to plasma proteins, such as albumin or testosterone-binding globulin (TeBG). Sex steroid influx into these tissues was studied after in vivo arterial bolus injections of [3H]testosterone or [3H]estradiol in anesthetized rats. Both testosterone and estradiol were readily cleared across the BTB or prostate cell membrane in the absence of plasma proteins and in the presence of human pregnancy serum, in which testosterone or estradiol are 80-95% distributed to TeBG. The extravascular extraction of [3H]TeBG across the BTB or prostate plasma membrane [73 +/- 2% (+/- SE) and 92 +/- 9%, respectively] was significantly greater than extraction of [3H]albumin or other plasma space markers and indicative of a rapid first pass clearance of TeBG by Sertoli or prostate cells. In summary, these studies indicate that 1) testosterone and estradiol are readily cleared by Sertoli and prostate cells; 2) albumin- and TeBG-bound sex steroids represent the major circulating pool of bioavailable hormone for testis or prostate; and 3) the TeBG-sex steroid complex may be nearly completely available for influx through the BTB or prostate plasma membrane

1988-01-01

251

Stable long-term pulmonary function after fludarabine, antithymocyte globulin and i.v. BU for reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic SCT.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lung function decline is a well-recognized complication following allogeneic SCT (allo-SCT). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) and in vivo T-cell depletion by administration of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) may have a protective role in the occurrence of late pulmonary complications. This retrospective study reported the evolution of lung function parameters within the first 2 years after allo-SCT in a population receiving the same RIC regimen that included fludarabine and i.v. BU in combination with low-dose ATG. The median follow-up was 35.2 months. With a median age of 59 years at the time of transplant, at 2 years, the cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality was as low as 9.7%. The cumulative incidence of relapse was 33%. At 2 years, the cumulative incidences of extensive chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and of pulmonary cGVHD were 23.1% and 1.9%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of airflow obstruction and restrictive pattern were 3.8% and 9.6%, respectively. Moreover, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC ratio remained stable from baseline up to 2 years post transplantation (P=0.26, P=0.27 and P=0.07, respectively). These results correspond favorably with the results obtained with other RIC regimens not incorporating ATG, and suggest that ATG may have a protective pulmonary role after allo-SCT. PMID:24535125

Dirou, S; Malard, F; Chambellan, A; Chevallier, P; Germaud, P; Guillaume, T; Delaunay, J; Moreau, P; Delasalle, B; Lemarchand, P; Mohty, M

2014-05-01

252

Primary structure of human corticosteroid binding globulin, deduced from hepatic and pulmonary cDNAs, exhibits homology with serine protease inhibitors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors have isolated and sequenced cDNAs for corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) prepared from human liver and lung mRNAs. The results indicate that CBG mRNA is relatively abundant in the liver but is also present in the lung, testis, and kidney. The liver CBG cDNA contains an open reading frame for a 405-amino acid (M/sub r/ 45,149) polypeptide. This includes a predominantly hydrophobic, leader sequence of 22 residues that precedes the known NH2-terminal sequence of human CBG. We, therefore, predict that the mature protein is composed of 383 amino acids and is a polypeptide of M/sub r/ 42,646. A second, in-frame, 72-base-pair cistron of unknown significance exists between the TAA termination codon for CBG and a possible polyadenylylation signal (AATAAA) located 16 nucleotides before the polyadenylylation site. The deduced amino acid sequence of mature CBG contains two cysteine residues and consensus sequences for the attachment of six possible N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The sequences of the human lung and liver CBG cDNAs differ by only one nucleotide within the proposed leader sequence,and they attribute this to a point mutation. No sequence homology was found between CBG and other steroid binding proteins, but there is a remarkable similarity between the amino acid sequences of CBG and of ?1-antitrypsin, and this extends to other members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily

1987-01-01

253

A phase I/II trial of reduced intensity allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant for hematologic malignancies using cladribine, thiotepa and rabbit antithymocyte globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

We conducted a phase I/II trial to assess the efficacy of cladribine, thiotepa and antithymocyte globulin as a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen for refractory or high-risk hematologic malignancy. The preparative regimen consisted of cladribine 5 mg/m(2)/day for 5 days, thiotepa 200 mg/m(2)/day for 3 days and ATG 3 mg/kg/day (day - 5) followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Twelve patients were transplanted from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched family member. Two patients were treated at dose level I but both experienced grade IV dose limiting toxicities, and therefore the thiotepa dose was reduced to 133 mg/m(2)/day (dose level II). Only two of the next six patients experienced dose limiting toxicities. Median age was 46 years. At dose level II, the median time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 17 and 20 days, respectively. The incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 40% and 30%, respectively. Day + 100 non-relapse mortality was 0% and at 1 year was 20%. Median overall survival (OS) was 42 months and 2-year OS was 70%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11 months and 2-year PFS was 40%. We conclude that the reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of cladribine, thiotepa and ATG achieved excellent donor chimerism with acceptable toxicity. PMID:23189958

Larsen, Jeremy T; Hogan, William J; Micallef, Ivana N; Dispenzieri, Angela; Gertz, Morie A; Inwards, David J; Tun, Han W; Roy, Vivek; Geyer, Susan M; Allred, Jacob B; Wu, Wenting; Ansell, Stephen M; Elliott, Michelle A; Tefferi, Ayalew; Porrata, Luis F; Gastineau, Dennis A; Lacy, Martha Q; Litzow, Mark R

2013-08-01

254

Frequent human herpesvirus-6 viremia but low incidence of encephalitis in double-unit cord blood recipients transplanted without antithymocyte globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cord blood transplantation (CBT) is a known risk factor for human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) infection. We analyzed the nature of HHV-6 infections in 125 double-unit CBT recipients (median age, 42 years) transplanted for hematologic malignancies with calcineurin inhibitor/mycophenolate mofetil prophylaxis and no antithymocyte globulin. One hundred seventeen patients (94%) reactivated HHV-6 by quantitative plasma PCR (median peak, 7600 copies/mL; range, 100 to 160,000) at a median of 20 days (range, 10 to 59) after transplantation. HHV-6 encephalitis occurred in 2 patients (1.6%), of whom 1 died and 1 recovered with therapy. No association was found between high-level HHV-6 viremia (?10,000 or ?25,000 copies/mL) and age, diagnosis, conditioning intensity, or dominant unit characteristics or between high-level viremia and transplant outcomes (engraftment, cytomegalovirus reactivation, day 100 grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease, day 100 transplant-related mortality, or 1-year disease-free survival). HHV-6 therapy delayed the onset of cytomegalovirus reactivation. Interestingly, HHV-6 resolution was observed in untreated patients, and resolution of viremia correlated with absolute lymphocyte count recovery. We observed a low incidence of encephalitis and no association with CBT outcomes. Our data suggest therapy in uncomplicated viremia may not be warranted. However, further investigation of the risk-to-benefit of HHV-6 viremia treatment and standardization of PCR testing is required. PMID:24548875

Olson, Amanda L; Dahi, Parastoo B; Zheng, Junting; Devlin, Sean M; Lubin, Marissa; Gonzales, Anne Marie; Giralt, Sergio A; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Papadopoulos, Esperanza B; Ponce, Doris M; Young, James W; Kernan, Nancy A; Scaradavou, Andromachi; O'Reilly, Richard J; Small, Trudy N; Papanicolaou, Genovefa; Barker, Juliet N

2014-06-01

255

Association of the pituitary-testicular axis function and sex hormone-binding globulin with melatonin secretion in morbidly obese men  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A possible relationship between melatonin (MEL) secretion and pituitary-testicular function as well as the circadian rhythmicity of serum MEL, lutropin (LH), folitropin (FSH), estradiol (E{sub 2}), total testosterone (T) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were evaluated in 16 men with the primary obesity (body mass index - BMI > 43 kg/m{sup 2}; waist-to-hip circumference ratio - WHR > 1.0) and in 17 healthy volunteers with normal body weight. The mean 24-h MEL level was significantly higher in obese patients than in healthy control individuals. Moreover, all obese men showed some abnormalities of MEL circadian pattern such as decreased ratio between day and night MEL levels, abnormal secretory peaks during the light hours and lower interindividual variability for timing amplitude. Abnormal circadian variations of MEL were associated with reduced 24-h mean values of LH, FSH, T and SHBG, whereas E{sub 2} levels were elevated. (author). 49 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs.

Ostrowska, Z.; Buntner, B.; Marek, B.; Zwirska-Korczala, K. [Slaska Akademia Medyczna, Katowice (Poland)

1995-12-31

256

Dietary beta-tocopherol and linoleic acid, serum insulin, and waist circumference predict circulating sex hormone-binding globulin in premenopausal women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reduced levels of circulating sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) are implicated in the etiology of sex steroid-related pathologies and the metabolic syndrome. Dietary correlates of serum SHBG remain unclear and were studied in a convenient cross-sectional sample of healthy 30- to 40-y-old women (n = 255). By univariate analyses, serum SHBG correlated negatively with several indices of the metabolic syndrome, such as BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference (r = -0.36 to -0.44; P fasting serum insulin (r = -0.41; P 1.0 from 54 nutrients and vitamins in food records. Multivariate regression analyses showed that the PCA-extracted nutrient factor most heavily loaded with beta-tocopherol and linoleic acid (P = 0.03) was an independent positive predictor of serum SHBG. When individual nutrients were the predictor variables, beta-tocopherol (P = 0.002), but not other tocopherols or fatty acids (including linoleic acid), was an independent positive predictor of serum SHBG. Circulating insulin (P = 0.02) and waist circumference (P = 0.002), but not serum lipids, were negative independent predictors of SHBG in all regression models. Additional studies are needed in women of other age groups and men to determine whether consumption of foods rich in beta-tocopherol and/or linoleic acid may increase serum SHBG concentrations and may thereby decrease the risk for metabolic syndrome and reproductive organ cancer. PMID:19339706

Nayeem, Fatima; Nagamani, Manubai; Anderson, Karl E; Huang, Yafei; Grady, James J; Lu, Lee-Jane W

2009-06-01

257

Aflatoxins and safe storage  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper examines both field experience and research on the prevention of the exponential growth of aflatoxins during multi-month post-harvest storage in hot, humid countries. The approach described is the application of modern safe storage methods using flexible, Ultra Hermetic™ structures that create an unbreatheable atmosphere through insect and microorganism respiration alone, without use of chemicals, fumigants, or pumps. Laboratory and field data are cited and specific examples are given describing the uses of Ultra Hermetic storage to prevent the growth of aflatoxins with their significant public health consequences. Also discussed is the presently limited quantitative information on the relative occurrence of excessive levels of aflatoxin (>20 ppb) before vs. after multi-month storage of such crops as maize, rice, and peanuts when under high humidity, high temperature conditions and, consequently, the need for further research to determine the frequency at which excessive aflatoxin levels are reached in the field vs. after months of post-harvest storage. The significant work being done to reduce aflatoxin levels in the field is mentioned, as well as its probable implications on post-harvest storage. Also described is why, with some crops such as peanuts, using Ultra Hermetic storage may require injection of carbon dioxide, or use of an oxygen absorber as an accelerant. The case of peanuts is discussed and experimental data is described.

Villers, Philippe

2014-01-01

258

Ultrafine hydrogen storage powders  

Science.gov (United States)

A method of making hydrogen storage powder resistant to fracture in service involves forming a melt having the appropriate composition for the hydrogen storage material, such, for example, LaNi.sub.5 and other AB.sub.5 type materials and AB.sub.5+x materials, where x is from about -2.5 to about +2.5, including x=0, and the melt is gas atomized under conditions of melt temperature and atomizing gas pressure to form generally spherical powder particles. The hydrogen storage powder exhibits improved chemcial homogeneity as a result of rapid solidfication from the melt and small particle size that is more resistant to microcracking during hydrogen absorption/desorption cycling. A hydrogen storage component, such as an electrode for a battery or electrochemical fuel cell, made from the gas atomized hydrogen storage material is resistant to hydrogen degradation upon hydrogen absorption/desorption that occurs for example, during charging/discharging of a battery. Such hydrogen storage components can be made by consolidating and optionally sintering the gas atomized hydrogen storage powder or alternately by shaping the gas atomized powder and a suitable binder to a desired configuration in a mold or die.

Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA); Ellis, Timothy W. (Doylestown, PA); Pecharsky, Vitalij K. (Ames, IA); Ting, Jason (Ames, IA); Terpstra, Robert (Ames, IA); Bowman, Robert C. (La Mesa, CA); Witham, Charles K. (Pasadena, CA); Fultz, Brent T. (Pasadena, CA); Bugga, Ratnakumar V. (Arcadia, CA)

2000-06-13

259

Aflatoxins & Safe Storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper examines both field experience and research on the prevention of the exponential growth of aflatoxins during multi-month post harvest storage in hot, humid countries. The approach described is the application of modern safe storage methods using flexible, Ultra Hermetic™ structures that create an unbreatheable atmosphere through insect and microorganism respiration alone, without use of chemicals, fumigants, or pumps. Laboratory and field data are cited and specific examples are given describing the uses of Ultra Hermetic storage to prevent the growth of aflatoxins with their significant public health consequences. Also discussed is the presently limited quantitative information on the relative occurrence of excessive levels of aflatoxin (>20 ppb before versus after multi-month storage of such crops as maize, rice and peanuts when under high humidity, high temperature conditions and, consequently, the need for further research to determine the frequency at which excessive aflatoxin levels are reached in the field versus after months of post-harvest storage. The significant work being done to reduce aflatoxin levels in the field is mentioned, as well as its probable implications on post harvest storage. Also described is why, with some crops such as peanuts, using Ultra Hermetic storage may require injection of carbon dioxide or use of an oxygen absorber as an accelerant. The case of peanuts is discussed and experimental data is described.

PhilippeVillers

2014-04-01

260

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1, 2005 through June 30, 2005. During this time period efforts were directed toward (1) GSTC administration changes, (2) participating in the American Gas Association Operations Conference and Biennial Exhibition, (3) issuing a Request for Proposals (RFP) for proposal solicitation for funding, and (4) organizing the proposal selection meeting.

Joel Morrison

2005-09-14

 
 
 
 
261

Tiered Storage For LHC  

CERN Multimedia

For more than a year, the ATLAS Western Tier 2 (WT2) at SLAC National Accelerator has been successfully operating a two tiered storage system based on Xrootd's flexible cross-cluster data placement framework, the File Residency Manager. The architecture allows WT2 to provide both, high performance storage at the higher tier to ATLAS analysis jobs, as well as large, low cost disk capacity at the lower tier. Data automatically moves between the two storage tiers based on the needs of analysis jobs and is completely transparent to the jobs.

CERN. Geneva; Hanushevsky, Andrew

2012-01-01

262

Memory mass storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Memory Mass Storage describes the fundamental storage technologies, like Semiconductor, Magnetic, Optical and Uncommon, detailing the main technical characteristics of the storage devices. It deals not only with semiconductor and hard disk memory, but also with different ways to manufacture and assembly them, and with their application to meet market requirements. It also provides an introduction to the epistemological issues arising in defining the process of remembering, as well as an overview on human memory, and an interesting excursus about biological memories and their organization, to better understand how the best memory we have, our brain, is able to imagine and design memory. (orig.)

Campardo, Giovanni [Numonyx, Agrate Brianza Milano (Italy); Tiziani, Federico; Iaculo, Massimo (eds.) [Micron, Arzano Napoli (Italy)

2011-07-01

263

Technologies for storage development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The specific challenges and technologies incorporated into investigative processes to assist with the development of natural gas storage facilities are discussed, based on actual case histories showing how Union Gas Ltd has converted 20 producing reservoirs into successful storage facilities with a total working capacity of close to 150 Bcf. Factors impacting upon the decisions about the suitability of a given reservoir as a potential storage site include the geology, reservoir characteristics, surface conditions, environmental sensitivities, geographic location, availability of capital and timing. The host of technologies ranging from sample investigative procedures and pressure data analyses through to enhanced 3-D seismic interpretations and application of modern drilling techniques that assist with providing the answers to successfully develop underground storage sites are also discussed.

Johnston, H.P. [Union Gas Ltd., Chatham, ON (Canada)

2001-07-01

264

Costs of Archival Storage  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents an analysis of the cost of archival storage. The study is part of a project conducted by The Danish National Archives, The Royal Library, and The State and University Library to develop a generic cost model for digital preservation (CMDP). The purposes of the study were to determine the costs of establishing and maintaining a preservation solution destined for long-term preservation of digital materials and to develop a tool capable of doing this operation. In order to fulfill the purposes, the project employed a combination of own and external experience as well as the OAIS Reference Model as a framework to fully understand and identify the cost critical activities of bit-preservation as described in Archival Storage. We found that the costs of Archival Storage are obviously closely linked to the data volume, but also to the required preservation quality, especially with regard to the required number of copies and the type of storage solution.

Nielsen, Anders Bo; Thirifays, Alex

2012-01-01

265

The platelet storage lesion.  

Science.gov (United States)

The gradual loss of quality in stored platelets as measured collectively with various metabolic, functional, and morphologic in vitro assays is known as the platelet storage lesion. With the advent of pathogen reduction technologies and improved testing that can greatly reduce the risk for bacterial contamination, the platelet storage lesion is emerging as the main challenge to increasing the shelf life of platelet concentrates. This article discusses the contribution of platelet production methods to the storage lesion, long-established and newly developed methods used to determine platelet quality, and the significance for clinical transfusion outcome. Highlighted are the novel technologies applied to platelet storage including platelet additive solutions and pathogen inactivation. PMID:20513565

Devine, Dana V; Serrano, Katherine

2010-06-01

266

Storage of strawberry pollen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study was carried out to determine storage ability of strawberry pollen at different temperatures for three different strawberry cultivars 'Aliso', 'Brio', and 'Cruz'. Strawberry pollen was stored at room temperature (22 ±2°C, +4°C, -4°C and -18°C in stabile humidity conditions. Strawberry poIlen was germinated using the hanging drop method in a 20% sucrose solution. Pollen germination rate increased because of low temperature storage. Pollen stored at room temperature and +4°C, -4°C, and -18°C was kept for 8 months, about one year, and 20 months, respectively. Pollen germination rates decreased as the length of storage period increased. The reaction of all cultivars tested on the duration and temperature of storage was similar.

Rafet Aslanta?

2001-12-01

267

Concrete cask storage technology  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents the design and operation of the new dry storage system for nuclear waste. The system has been designed by complete nuclear, thermal-hydraulic and structural analysis to the requirements of 10 CFR 72 and ANSI 57.9. It offers the utilities a low-cost, easy-to-operate, maintenance-free option for on-site storage of irradiated fuel.

Chechelnitsky, B.A.; Nunex, J.S.; Massey, J.V.; Purnell, C.J. [Pacific Sierra Nuclear Associates, Scotts Valley, CA (United States)

1990-10-01

268

Cloud Storage Vault  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today, major IT-companies, such as Microsoft, Amazon and Google, are offering online storage services to their customers. This is a favourable solution -- as opposed to regular storage -- in terms of low costs, reliability, scalability and capacity. However, important security features such as data privacy and integrity are often absent.To address these issues, a cryptographic architecture is proposed that ensures the confidentiality and integrity of the data stored by users, independent of t...

Haver, Eirik; Melvold, Eivind; Ruud, Pa?l

2011-01-01

269

Securing Cloud Storage Service  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cloud computing brought flexibility, scalability, and capital cost savings to the IT industry. As more companies turn to cloud solutions, securing cloud based services becomes increasingly important, because for many organizations, the final barrier to adopting cloud computing is whether it is sufficiently secure.More users rely on cloud storage as it is mainly because cloud storage is available to be used by multiple devices (e.g. smart phones, tablets, notebooks, etc.) at the same time. The...

2012-01-01

270

Cryptographic Cloud Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

We consider the problem of building a secure cloud storage service on top of a public cloud infrastructure where the service provider is not completely trusted by the customer. We describe, at a high level, several architectures that combine recent and non-standard cryptographic primitives in order to achieve our goal. We survey the benefits such an architecture would provide to both customers and service providers and give an overview of recent advances in cryptography motivated specifically by cloud storage.

Kamara, Seny; Lauter, Kristin

271

Benchmarking personal cloud storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Personal cloud storage services are data-intensive applications already producing a significant share of Internet traffic. Several solutions offered by different companies attract more and more people. However, little is known about each service capabilities, architecture and -- most of all -- performance implications of design choices. This paper presents a methodology to study cloud storage services. We apply our methodology to compare 5 popular offers, revealing different system architectu...

Mellia, Marco

2013-01-01

272

Thermal energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A thermal energy storage medium is disclosed comprising Na/sub 2/.SO/sub 4/.10H/sub 2/O and Na/sub 2/HPO/sub 4/.12H/sub 2/O. This material provides advantages over Na/sub 2/SO/sub 4/.10H/sub 2/O alone such as constancy of heat delivery temperature and energy output, improved reversibility, and greater usable volumetric storage capacity after repeated cycling.

Despault, G.J.; Capes, C.E.; Fouda, A.E.; Taylor, J.B.

1983-09-27

273

Flywheel energy storage; Schwungmassenspeicher  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Energy storages may be chemical systems such as batteries, thermal systems such as hot-water tanks, electromagnetic systems such as capacitors and coils, or mechanical systems such as pumped storage power systems or flywheel energy storages. In flywheel energy storages the energy is stored in the centrifugal mass in the form of kinetic energy. This energy can be converted to electricity via a motor/generator unit and made available to the consumer. The introduction of magnetic bearings has greatly enhanced the potential of flywheel energy storages. As there is no contact between the moving parts of magnetic bearings, this technology provides a means of circumventing the engineering and operational problems involved in the we of conventional bearings (ball, roller, plain, and gas bearings). The advantages of modern flywheel energy storages over conventional accumulators are an at least thousandfold longer service life, low losses during long-time storage, greater power output in the case of short-time storage, and commendable environmental benignity. (orig./HW) [Deutsch] Als Enegiespeicher kommen chemische Systeme, z.B. Batterien, thermische Systeme, z.B. Warmwassertanks, elektromagnetische Systeme, z.B. Kondensatoren und Spulen, sowie mechanische Systeme, z.B. Pumpspeicherwerke und Schwungmassenspeicher in Frage. In einem Schwungmassenspeicher wird Energie in Form von kinetischer Energie in der Schwungmasse gespeichert. Ueber eine Moter/Generator Einheit wird diese Energie in elektrischen Strom umgewandelt und dem Verbraucher zugefuehrt. Mit der Einfuehrung von magnetischen Lagern konnte die Leistungsfaehigkeit von Schwungmassenspeichern erheblich gesteigert werden. Da in einem Magnetlager keine Beruehrung zwischen sich bewegenden Teilen besteht, wird ein Grossteil der mit dem Einsatz konventioneller Lager (Kugel- und Rollenlager, Gleitlager und Gaslager) verbundenen ingenieurtechnischen und betriebstechnischen Probleme vermieden. Die Vorteile von modernen Schwungmassenspeichern gegenueber konventionellen Akkumulatoren sind eine mindestens tausendmal laengere Lebensdauer, geringe Verluste bei der Langzeitspeicherung, hoehere Abgabeleistung bei Kurzzeitspeicherung und eine sehr gute Umweltvertraeglichkeit. (orig./HW)

Bornemann, H.J. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Technik und Umwelt (Germany)

1996-12-31

274

Analog storage integrated circuit  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A high speed data storage array is defined utilizing a unique cell design for high speed sampling of a rapidly changing signal. Each cell of the array includes two input gates between the signal input and a storage capacitor. The gates are controlled by a high speed row clock and low speed column clock so that the instantaneous analog value of the signal is only sampled and stored by each cell on coincidence of the two clocks.

Walker, J. T. (Palo Alto, CA); Larsen, R. S. (Menlo Park, CA); Shapiro, S. L. (Palo Alto, CA)

1989-01-01

275

Diffusion local time storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we study a storage process or a liquid queue in which the input process is the local time of a positively recurrent stationary diffusion in stationary state and the potential output takes place with a constant deterministic rate. For this storage process we find its stationary distribution and compute the joint distribution of the starting and ending times of the busy and idle periods. This work completes and extends to a more general setting the results in Man...

Kozlova, M.; Salminen, P.

2004-01-01

276

Energy Storage: A Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Efficient and economic energy storage, if implemented in the current power infrastructure on a large scale, could bring about some of the greatest changes in the power industry in decades. Additionally, energy storage would improve the reliability and dynamic stability of the power system by providing stable, abundant energy reserves that require little ramp time and are less susceptible to varying fuel prices or shortages. Energy storage can shift the higher peak load to off-peak hours in order to level the generation requirement, allowing generators to run more efficiently at a stable power level, potentially decreasing the average cost of electricity. Additionally, increased energy storage capacity can avoid generation capacity, decrease transmission congestion, and help enable distributed generation such as residential solar and wind systems.In this paper energy storage methods are discussed in such a way to provide a detailed overview of how each of the energy storage devices work so that the reader is able to get a better feel for the potential benefits and drawbacks of each device.

Himanshu Verma,

2013-06-01

277

Approved storage containers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new vault for plutonium storage has recently been commissioned in the United Kingdom by AWE at Aldermaston. In compliance with recognized Quality Assurance Procedures (ISO9000) and in accordance with the Approved Safety Case (Authority to Operate), the primary containment of plutonium materials in this storage vault is restricted to formally approved container systems. The paper reviews the design criteria, design authority and configuration control, combined with the quality assurance and surveillance programs adopted for two storage containers types. The first system described is based on rolled seam closures (produce cans) to provide double containment (can within can). The second system is an ``overpack`` configuration employing a resistance welded stainless steel container. In both systems plastics from the glove box bagging out procedures remain in the storage package. The preliminary results of a repackaging program involving >1,000 items is presented. The materials currently in storage include metal, oxide and complex pyrochemical chloride salt residues. Finally the paper presents some options for possible future container designs which may eliminate plastics from the storage container.

Lowe, J.N.; Hall, G. [AWE plc, Reading (United Kingdom). Atomic Weapons Establishment

1995-12-31

278

Spent nuclear fuel storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When a country becomes self-sufficient in part of the nuclear cycle, as production of fuel that will be used in nuclear power plants for energy generation, it is necessary to pay attention for the best method of storing the spent fuel. Temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel is a necessary practice and is applied nowadays all over the world, so much in countries that have not been defined their plan for a definitive repository, as well for those that already put in practice such storage form. There are two main aspects that involve the spent fuels: one regarding the spent nuclear fuel storage intended to reprocessing and the other in which the spent fuel will be sent for final deposition when the definitive place is defined, correctly located, appropriately characterized as to several technical aspects, and licentiate. This last aspect can involve decades of studies because of the technical and normative definitions at a given country. In Brazil, the interest is linked with the storage of spent fuels that will not be reprocessed. This work analyses possible types of storage, the international panorama and a proposal for future construction of a spent nuclear fuel temporary storage place in the country. (author)

2005-01-01

279

Types of storage of emergency stocks - Floating storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

After a brief introduction concerning the stockpiling principles of the four main storage methods (above-ground tank method, in-ground tank method, underground cavern tank method and floating storage method), an explanation is given in detail about the floating storage tank system that was originally developed in Japan (floating vessels moored at sea): storage vessels, mooring facilities, oil fences, ground facilities, sea berth, operation and maintenance. The example of the Kamigoto oil storage base is presented. 1 fig.

Morimoto, M.

1995-12-31

280

Serum levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) are not predictive of prostate cancer diagnosis and aggressiveness: results from an italian biopsy cohort  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Purpose To explore the association between serum levels of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) and the risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high grade disease in men undergoing prostate biopsy. Materials and Methods Between 2006 and 2012, we prospectively enrolled 740 patients with [...] no history of PCa undergoing prostate biopsy. Before biopsy general data of the patient DRE, PSA and BMI were recorded. The risk of detecting cancer and high grade cancer was assessed as a function of SHBG using crude and adjusted logistic regressions. Results Serum levels of SHBG were not associated with an increased risk of PCa or high grade disease. Age (OR 1.027 95% CI 1.003-1.052 p = 0.027), DRE (OR 3.391 95% CI 2.258-5.092 p = 0.000) and PSA (OR 1.078 95% CI 1.037-1.120 p = 0.000) were found to be independent predictors of prostate cancer risk. Age (OR 1.051 95% CI 1.009-1.095 p = 0.016), DRE (OR 2.519 95% CI 1.384-4.584 p = 0.000), BMI (OR 1.098 95% CI 1.011-1.193 p = 0.027) and PSA (OR 1.074 95% CI 1.014-1.137 p = 0.015) were found to be independent predictors of high grade disease. Conclusions In our cohort of patients, serum levels of SHBG are not predictive of PCa or high grade disease. According to our experience SHBG should not be considered a biomarker in PCa diagnosis neither a marker for high grade disease.

Cosimo, De Nunzio; Riccardo, Lombardo; Simone, Albisinni; Mauro, Gacci; Andrea, Tubaro.

 
 
 
 
281

Relatively high levels of serum adiponectin in obese women, a potential indicator of anti-inflammatory dysfunction: Relation to sex hormone-binding globulin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is unclear whether serum adiponectin concentrations diminish linearly with increasing adiposity and, if not, which factors codetermine this association. These issues were investigated cross-sectionally in 1188 men and women, representative of middle-aged and elderly Turkish adults. Serum total adiponectin was assayed by ELISA. Serum adiponectin values in men, though declining significantly in transition from the bottom to the mid tertile of body mass index (BMI and waist circumference (WC, were similar in the two respective upper tertiles. In women, serum adiponectin concentrations were not significantly different in any tertile of these indices, were significantly correlated with BMI or WC within the low tertiles and not within the two higher tertiles. In a linear regression analysis for WC (or BMI in a subset of the sample in which serum sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG was available and which additionally comprised adiponectin, fasting insulin and other confounders, only insulin and, in women SHBG, were significantly associated, but not adiponectin. In linear regression analyses for covariates of adiponectin in two models comprising 12 variables, insulin and SHBG concentrations were significantly associated in both genders though not BMI. Whereas in men HDL-cholesterol and CRP were covariates of adiponectin (both p<0.01, SHBG and apolipoprotein B positively associated in women (p<0.001, independent of BMI and fasting insulin levels. Conclusions: Relationship between excess adiposity and adiponectin levels is inconsistent in Turkish adults. Independently from obesity and hyperinsulinemia, serum adiponectin discloses significant relationship with inflammatory markers and HDL only in men, not in women in whom it is influenced by SHBG, with consequent attenuation of its anti-inflammatory activities.

Altan Onat, Gülay Hergenç, Dursun Dursuno?lu, Zekeriya Küçükdurmaz, Serkan Bulur, Günay Can

2008-01-01

282

Antithymocyte globulin before allogeneic stem cell transplantation for progressive myelodysplastic syndrome: a study from the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the impact of rabbit antithymocyte globulins (ATG) on patient outcomes after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) for progressive myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Of the 242 consecutive patients who underwent allo-SCT for progressive MDS between October 1999 and December 2009, 93 received ATG (ATG group) at the median dose of 5 mg/kg, whereas 149 patients did not (no-ATG group). Donors were sibling (n = 153) or HLA-matched unrelated (n = 89). Patients received blood (n = 90) or marrow (n = 152) grafts after either myeloablative (n = 109) or reduced-intensity (n = 133) conditioning. Three-year overall and event-free survival, nonrelapse mortality, relapse, and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) development were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In contrast, acute grade II to IV GVHD occurred more often in the no-ATG group (55% of the patients) than in the ATG group (27%, P ATG group and ATG group, respectively; P = .009). In multivariate analysis, after adjustment with propensity score, the absence of ATG was the strongest parameter associated with an increased risk of acute grade II to IV GVHD (hazard ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.35 to 3.37; P = .001]. ATG had no impact on overall and event-free survival or cumulative incidence of the relapse. In conclusion, the addition of ATG to allo-SCT conditioning did not increase the incidence of relapse of patients with progressive MDS. The incidence of acute GVHD was decreased without compromising outcomes. PMID:24462982

Duléry, Rémy; Mohty, Mohamad; Duhamel, Alain; Robin, Marie; Beguin, Yves; Michallet, Mauricette; Vigouroux, Stéphane; Lioure, Bruno; Garnier, Alice; El Cheikh, Jean; Bulabois, Claude-Eric; Huynh, Anne; Bay, Jacques-Olivier; Daguindau, Etienne; Ceballos, Patrice; Clément, Laurence; Dauriac, Charles; Maillard, Natacha; Legrand, Faezeh; Cornillon, Jérôme; Guillerm, Gaëlle; François, Sylvie; Lapusan, Simona; Chevallier, Patrice; Damaj, Gandhi; Yakoub-Agha, Ibrahim

2014-05-01

283

Comparison between spousal donor transplantation treated with anti-thymocyte globulin induction therapy and, living related donor transplantation treated with standard immunosuppression.  

Science.gov (United States)

The worldwide shortage of organs available for transplantation has led to the use of living-unrelated kidney donors. In this context, spouses represent an important source of organ donors. We compared the allograft outcomes of spousal donor transplantation (SDT) with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) induction therapy and living related donor transplantation (LRDT) with triple immonosuppression and basiliximab, in addition. Among the 335 living and deceased donor kidney transplantations performed between April 2001 and June 2010, there were 274 living donor kidney transplantations including 34 SDT and 240 LRDT. The minimum follow-up period was 36 months. All recipients of SDT received ATG (1.5 mg/kg) induction therapy, which was stopped five to seven days after surgery. Maintenance immunosuppression included tacrolimus (TAC), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and prednisolone. LRDT recipients received triple immunosuppressive protocol consisting of cyclosporine or TAC, MMF and prednisolone, in addition to basiliximab. There was a significant difference between the two groups in recipient age, while pre-operative duration on dialysis, recipient sex and donor age and sex were not significantly different. There was also a significant difference between the two groups in the number of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches. The 1-, 3- and 5-year graft survival rates of SDT were 94.1%, 88.2% and 79.4%, respectively, and the frequency of acute rejection episodes was 5.8% (two cases). The 1-, 3- and 5-year graft survival rates of LRDT were 95.8%, 91.6% and 83.3%, respectively, with the frequency of acute rejection being 16.2%. The graft survival rates of SDT were as good as LRDT, while the acute rejection rates in SDT were lower than in LRDT, although the difference was not statistically different (P = 0.13). PMID:24821146

Demir, Erkan; Paydas, Saime; Erken, Ugur

2014-05-01

284

The effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on sex hormone-binding globulin and endogenous sex hormone levels: a randomized controlled trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Findings from observational studies suggest that sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG and endogenous sex hormones may be mediators of the putative relation between coffee consumption and lower risk of type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on SHBG and sex hormone levels. Findings After a two-week run-in phase with caffeine abstention, we conducted an 8-week parallel-arm randomized controlled trial. Healthy adults (n?=?42 were recruited from the Boston community who were regular coffee consumers, nonsmokers, and overweight. Participants were randomized to five 6-ounce cups of caffeinated or decaffeinated instant coffee or water (control group per day consumed with each meal, mid-morning, and mid-afternoon. The main outcome measures were SHBG and sex hormones [i.e., testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate]. No significant differences were found between treatment groups for any of the studied outcomes at week 8. At 4 weeks, decaffeinated coffee was associated with a borderline significant increase in SHBG in women, but not in men. At week 4, we also observed several differences in hormone concentrations between the treatment groups. Among men, consumption of caffeinated coffee increased total testosterone and decreased total and free estradiol. Among women, decaffeinated coffee decreased total and free testosterone and caffeinated coffee decreased total testosterone. Conclusions Our data do not indicate a consistent effect of caffeinated coffee consumption on SHBG in men or women, however results should be interpreted with caution given the small sample size. This is the first randomized trial investigating the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on SHBG and sex hormones and our findings necessitate further examination in a larger intervention trial.

Wedick Nicole M

2012-10-01

285

Can Sex-hormone Binding Globulin Considered as a Predictor of Response to Pharmacological Treatment in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This study aims to evaluate the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) level as a predictor of response to pharmacological treatment in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: This study was conducted in 2009-2012 in Isfahan, Iran. Anovulatory women with a diagnosis of PCOSwere studied. Metformin was started at 500 mg three times a day. If no ovulation occurred, Clomiphene citrate was added. Results: The study comprised273 infertile women with PCOS completed the study, 75 (28%) of them became pregnant 6 months after treatment (7.36% with metformin and 20.14% with metformin and clomiphene citrate). Patients who responded to metformin treatment had significantly lower mean SHBG levels compared to those who did not (0.88+0.32vs. 0.2642+0.44 nmol/L, respectively, P<0.0001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for prediction the response to treatment was 0.85. The baseline level of 27was the most appropriate cut of point HSBG for the prediction of conception. HSBG had a sensitivity of 88%, and specificity of 73.6%. It had a false positive level of 26.4% and false negative level of 12%. Its positive predictive value was 56.4% and its negative predictive value was 94%. The chance of conception increased for reducing a unit of fpg (OR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.54-0.86; P = .002), as well as reducing of every unit of HSBG (OR = 0.47; 95% CI = 0.39-0.56; P <0.001), and for reducing each unit of insulin in (OR = 0.082; 95% CI = 1.021-0.33; P <0.001). Conclusion: HSBG test is suggested as an appropriate test for predicting pregnancy achievement of PCOs women after pharmacological treatment

Mehrabian, Ferdous; Afghahi, Maryam

2013-01-01

286

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and is scheduled for completion on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project includes the creation of the GSTC structure, development of constitution (by-laws) for the consortium, and development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with the second 3-months of the project and encompasses the period December 31, 2003, through March 31, 2003. During this 3-month, the dialogue of individuals representing the storage industry, universities and the Department of energy was continued and resulted in a constitution for the operation of the consortium and a draft of the initial Request for Proposals (RFP).

Robert W. Watson

2004-04-17

287

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created-the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of July 1, 2006 to September 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: {lg_bullet} Subaward contracts for all 2006 GSTC projects completed; {lg_bullet} Implement a formal project mentoring process by a mentor team; {lg_bullet} Upcoming Technology Transfer meetings: {sm_bullet} Finalize agenda for the American Gas Association Fall Underground Storage Committee/GSTC Technology Transfer Meeting in San Francisco, CA. on October 4, 2006; {sm_bullet} Identify projects and finalize agenda for the Fall GSTC Technology Transfer Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA on November 8, 2006; {lg_bullet} Draft and compile an electronic newsletter, the GSTC Insider; and {lg_bullet} New members update.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-09-30

288

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLGOY CONSORTIUM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. Base funding for the consortium is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). In addition, funding is anticipated from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and is scheduled for completion on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project includes the creation of the GSTC structure, development of constitution (by-laws) for the consortium, and development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with the first 3-months of the project and encompasses the period September 30, 2003, through December 31, 2003. During this 3-month period, the first meeting of individuals representing the storage industry, universities and the Department of energy was held. The purpose of this meeting was to initiate the dialogue necessary to for the creation and adoption of a constitution that would be used to govern the activities of the consortium.

Robert W. Watson

2004-04-23

289

Short term thermal energy storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper reviews the problem of short term thermal energy storage for low temperature solar heating applications. The techniques of sensible and latent heat storage are discussed, with particular emphasis on the latter. Requirements for hot water storage subsystems are provided and the importance of stratification in hot water storage tanks is described. Concerning latent heat storage, both material and heat exchanger aspects are considered in detail. The example of a passively opera...

Abhat, A.

1980-01-01

290

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with Phase 1B and encompasses the period July 1, 2004, through September 30, 2004. During this time period there were three main activities. First was the ongoing negotiations of the four sub-awards working toward signed contracts with the various organizations involved. Second, an Executive Council meeting was held at Penn State September 9, 2004. And third, the GSTC participated in the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting in Charleston, West Virginia, on September 16th and 17th. We hosted a display booth with the Stripper Well Consortium.

Robert W. Watson

2004-10-18

291

Technology Roadmap: Energy Storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Energy storage technologies are valuable components in most energy systems and could be an important tool in achieving a low-carbon future. These technologies allow for the decoupling of energy supply and demand, in essence providing a valuable resource to system operators. There are many cases where energy storage deployment is competitive or near-competitive in today's energy system. However, regulatory and market conditions are frequently ill-equipped to compensate storage for the suite of services that it can provide. Furthermore, some technologies are still too expensive relative to other competing technologies (e.g. flexible generation and new transmission lines in electricity systems). One of the key goals of this new roadmap is to understand and communicate the value of energy storage to energy system stakeholders. This will include concepts that address the current status of deployment and predicted evolution in the context of current and future energy system needs by using a ''systems perspective'' rather than looking at storage technologies in isolation.

NONE

2014-03-01

292

Radioactive waste storage issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the United States we generate greater than 500 million tons of toxic waste per year which pose a threat to human health and the environment. Some of the most toxic of these wastes are those that are radioactively contaminated. This thesis explores the need for permanent disposal facilities to isolate radioactive waste materials that are being stored temporarily, and therefore potentially unsafely, at generating facilities. Because of current controversies involving the interstate transfer of toxic waste, more states are restricting the flow of wastes into - their borders with the resultant outcome of requiring the management (storage and disposal) of wastes generated solely within a state's boundary to remain there. The purpose of this project is to study nuclear waste storage issues and public perceptions of this important matter. Temporary storage at generating facilities is a cause for safety concerns and underscores, the need for the opening of permanent disposal sites. Political controversies and public concern are forcing states to look within their own borders to find solutions to this difficult problem. Permanent disposal or retrievable storage for radioactive waste may become a necessity in the near future in Colorado. Suitable areas that could support - a nuclear storage/disposal site need to be explored to make certain the health, safety and environment of our citizens now, and that of future generations, will be protected

1994-01-01

293

WWER spent fuel storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Selection criteria for PAKS NPP dry storage system are outlined. They include the following: fuel temperature in storage; sub-criticality assurance (avoidance of criticality for fuel in the unirradiated condition without having to take credit for burn-up); assurance of decay heat removal; dose uptake to the operators and public; protection of environment; volume of waste produced during operation and decommissioning; physical protection of stored irradiated fuel assemblies; IAEA safeguards assurance; storage system versus final disposal route; cost of construction and extent of technology transfer to Hungarian industry. Several available systems are evaluated against these criteria, and as a result the GEC ALSTHOM Modular Vault Dry Store (MVDS) system has been selected. The MVDS is a passively cooled dry storage facility. Its most important technical, safety, licensing and technology transfer characteristics are outlined. On the basis of the experience gained some key questions and considerations related to the East European perspective in the field of spent fuel storage are discussed. 8 figs

1994-09-07

294

Hydrogen and energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hydrogen and Energy Storage (HandES) program directs research and development activities in this area in Canada, and this report summarizes those activities in a number of program areas. These include: hydrogen production by electrolysis and thermochemical methods; technology for hydrogen production, including electrodes, separators, electrolytes, and other materials research; hydrogen storage, both in a large and small scale, by pressure vessels, microencapsulation, hydrides and other means; liquid hydrogen carriers; safety and embrittlement studies; fuel cells; hydrogen-fuelled engines and subsystems; and energy storage by electrochemical, mechanical, and thermal methods. Specific contracts are also described in these categories, and a list of publications and presentations resulting from this research is appended. 144 refs., 11 figs.

Alderson, J.E.A.; Hammerli, M.; Murphy, J.R.B.; Taylor, J.B.

1984-04-01

295

Retractable storage lug  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inspecting and refueling a nuclear reactor requires the removal and storage of various reactor components until the job is completed. In particular, current practice calls for an indexing fixture to be stored separately from a previously withdrawn plenum assembly. In the present invention the indexing fixture may be stacked directly upon the plenum assembly, thereby resulting in a savings in both floor storage space and downtime. The indexing fixture is equipped with a plurality of rotatable and retractable storage lugs, each equipped with a rotatable and slidable weight-cylinder assembly in coaxial relationship with a pivoted support beam. The weight-cylinder assembly and support beam are connected together by a lockable channel, groove and pin arrangement. Provision is allowed for remote activation of the lug

1978-12-18

296

Evolution of clustered storage  

CERN Document Server

The session actually featured two presentations: * Evolution of clustered storage by Lance Hukill, Quantum Corporation * ALICE DAQ - Usage of a Cluster-File System: Quantum StorNext by Pierre Vande Vyvre, CERN-PH the second one prepared at short notice by Pierre (thanks!) to present how the Quantum technologies are being used in the ALICE experiment. The abstract to Mr Hukill's follows. Clustered Storage is a technology that is driven by business and mission applications. The evolution of Clustered Storage solutions starts first at the alignment between End-users needs and Industry trends: * Push-and-Pull between managing for today versus planning for tomorrow * Breaking down the real business problems to the core applications * Commoditization of clients, servers, and target devices * Interchangeability, Interoperability, Remote Access, Centralized control * Oh, and yes, there is a budget and the "real world" to deal with This presentation will talk through these needs and trends, and then ask the question, ...

CERN. Geneva; Van de Vyvre, Pierre

2007-01-01

297

Plutonium storage phenomenology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Plutonium has been produced, handled, and stored at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities since the 1940s. Many changes have occurred during the last 40 years in the sources, production demands, and end uses of plutonium. These have resulted in corresponding changes in the isotopic composition as well as the chemical and physical forms of the processed and stored plutonium. Thousands of ordinary food pack tin cans have been used successfully for many years to handle and store plutonium. Other containers have been used with equal success. This paper addressees the exceptions to this satisfactory experience. To aid in understanding the challenges of handling plutonium for storage or immobilization the lessons learned from past storage experience and the necessary countermeasures to improve storage performance are discussed

1995-12-12

298

A Survey on Cloud Storage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As interest in the cloud increases, there has been a lot of talk about the maturity and trustworthiness of cloud storage technologies. Is it still hype or is it real? Many end-users and IT managers are getting very excited about the potential benefits of cloud storage, such as being able to store and manipulate data in the cloud and capitalizing on the promise of higher-performance, more scalable, and cheaper storage. In this paper, we present a typical Cloud Storage system architecture, a reference Cloud Storage model and Multi-Tenancy Cloud Storage model, survey the past and the state-of-the-art of Cloud Storage, and discuss the Advantage and challenges that must be addressed to implement Cloud Storage. Use cases in various Cloud Storage offerings were also summarized.

Zhijie LIN

2011-08-01

299

REDOX electrochemical energy storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Reservoirs of chemical solutions can store electrical energy with high efficiency. Reactant solutions are stored outside conversion section where charging and discharging reactions take place. Conversion unit consists of stacks of cells connected together in parallel hydraulically, and in series electrically. Stacks resemble fuel cell batteries. System is 99% ampere-hour efficient, 75% watt hour efficient, and has long projected lifetime. Applications include storage buffering for remote solar or wind power systems, and industrial load leveling. Cost estimates are $325/kW of power requirement plus $51/kWh storage capacity. Mass production would reduce cost by about factor of two.

Thaller, L. H.

1980-01-01

300

Neptunium storage at Hanford  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A decision must be made regarding whether the United State's stockpile of neptunium should be discarded into the waste stream or kept for the production of Pu-238. Although the cost of long term storage is not inconsequential, to dispose of the material means the closing of our option to maintain control over our Pu-238 stockpile. Within the Fuels and Materials Examination Facility at Hanford there exists a remotely operated facility that can be converted for neptunium storage. This paper describes the facility and the anticipated handling requirements

1994-01-09

 
 
 
 
301

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper you will find an overview of systems and energy storage techniques and a comparison of the important characteristics of them. Delocalized electricity production and the introduction of variable, fluctuating sources (renewable energy: solar, wind turbines, etc. increase the difficulty of stabilizing the power network, mainly due to a supply-demand imbalance. It is therefore convenient to generate the energy, transmit it, convert it, and then store it if need be. More than ever then, the storage of electrical energy has become a necessity.

ELENA RADUCAN

2011-02-01

302

Proton storage rings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A discussion is given of proton storage ring beam dynamic characteristics. Topics considered include: (1) beam energy; (2) beam luminosity; (3) limits on beam current; (4) beam site; (5) crossing angle; (6) beam--beam interaction; (7) longitudinal instability; (8) effects of scattering processes; (9) beam production; and (10) high magnetic fields. Much of the discussion is related to the design parameters of ISABELLE, a 400 x 400 GeV proton---proton intersecting storage accelerator to be built at Brookhaven National Laboratory

1978-01-01

303

Spent-fuel-storage alternatives  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Spent Fuel Storage Alternatives meeting was a technical forum in which 37 experts from 12 states discussed storage alternatives that are available or are under development. The subject matter was divided into the following five areas: techniques for increasing fuel storage density; dry storage of spent fuel; fuel characterization and conditioning; fuel storage operating experience; and storage and transport economics. Nineteen of the 21 papers which were presented at this meeting are included in this Proceedings. These have been abstracted and indexed. (ATT)

1980-01-01

304

Antithymocyte globulin in reduced-intensity conditioning regimen allows a high disease-free survival exempt of long-term chronic graft-versus-host disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nonmyeloablative (NMA) regimens allow the use of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients considered unfit for standard myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens using high-dose alkylating agents with or without total body irradiation (TBI). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens, based on fludarabine (Flu), busulfan (Bu), and rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG), represent an intermediate alternative between NMA and MAC regimens. This platform was subsequently optimized by the introduction of i.v. Bu and the use of 5 mg/kg r-ATG, based on the hypothesis that these modifications would improve the safety of RIC allo-HSCT. Here we report a study conducted at our institution on 206 patients, median age 59 years, who underwent allo-HSCT after conditioning with Flu, 2 days of i.v. Bu, and 5 mg/kg r-ATG (FBx-ATG) between 2005 and 2012. The prevalence of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 9%, and that of extensive chronic GVHD was 22%. Four-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, and overall survival (OS) rates were 22%, 36%, and 54%, respectively. NRM tended to be influenced by comorbidities (hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index [HCT-CI] <3 versus HCT-CI ?3: 18% versus 27%; P = .075), but not by age (<60 years, 20% versus ?60 years, 25%; P = .142). Disease risk significantly influenced relapse (2 years: low, 8%, intermediate, 28%, high, 34%; very high, 63%; P = .017). Both disease risk (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: intermediate, 2.1 [0.8 to 5.2], P = .127; high, 3.4 [1.3 to 9.1], P = .013; very high, 4.0 [1.1 to 14], P = .029) and HCT-CI (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: HCT-CI ?3, 1.7 (1.1 to 2.8), P = .018) influenced OS, but age and donor type did not. The FBx-ATG RIC regimen reported here is associated with low mortality and high long-term disease-free survival without persistent GVHD in both young and old patients. It represents a valuable platform for developing further post-transplantation strategies aimed at reducing the incidence of relapse, particularly in the setting of high-risk disease. PMID:24315846

Devillier, Raynier; Fürst, Sabine; El-Cheikh, Jean; Castagna, Luca; Harbi, Samia; Granata, Angela; Crocchiolo, Roberto; Oudin, Claire; Mohty, Bilal; Bouabdallah, Reda; Chabannon, Christian; Stoppa, Anne-Marie; Charbonnier, Aude; Broussais-Guillaumot, Florence; Calmels, Boris; Lemarie, Claude; Rey, Jèrôme; Vey, Norbert; Blaise, Didier

2014-03-01

305

Serum androgens and sex hormone-binding globulins in relation to lifestyle factors in older African-American, white, and Asian men in the United States and Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

Differences in endogenous androgen levels have been hypothesized to explain ethnic differences in prostate cancer risk. To examine this hypothesis, we gathered data on serum concentrations of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in healthy older men from four ethnic groups at different levels of prostate cancer risk. As part of a population-based case-control study of prostate cancer we conducted in California, Hawaii, and Vancouver, Canada, 1127 African-American, white, Chinese-American, and Japanese-American control men, mostly ages 60 years or older (mean age, 69.9 years) provided information on various lifestyle factors and donated an early morning fasting blood sample between March 1990 and March 1992. We used these data to examine the distributions of serum androgens [testosterone (total, free, and bioavailable), dihydrotestosterone (DHT)], the ratio of DHT to total testosterone (DHT:testosterone ratio), and SHBG in these four ethnic groups. We also assessed correlations between concentrations of these measures with age, body size, physical activity, and other personal characteristics, and we evaluated ethnic differences in concentrations of androgens and SHBG after adjusting for these characteristics. In each of the four ethnic groups, concentrations of free and bioavailable testosterone declined with age, whereas SHBG concentrations increased with age. Age-adjusted concentrations of all androgen measures and SHBG decreased with increasing levels of Quetelet's index. After adjustment for age and Quetelet's index, androgens and SHBG showed no clear and consistent relationships to physical activity, alcohol consumption, or tobacco use. DHT:testosterone ratio was higher in men reporting a history of benign prostate disease than in men without such a history, and higher in vasectomized men than in nonvasectomized men. SHBG concentrations were higher in men reporting one or more first-degree relatives with prostate cancer than in men without such a family history. After adjustment for age and Quetelet's index, the levels of total and bioavailable testosterone were highest in Asian-Americans, intermediate in African-Americans, and lowest in whites. However, the DHT:testosterone ratio was highest in African-Americans, intermediate in whites, and lowest in Asian-Americans, corresponding to the respective incidence rates in these groups and providing indirect evidence for ethnic differences in 5alpha-reductase enzyme activity. PMID:8672990

Wu, A H; Whittemore, A S; Kolonel, L N; John, E M; Gallagher, R P; West, D W; Hankin, J; Teh, C Z; Dreon, D M; Paffenbarger, R S

1995-01-01

306

Effects of human thyroxine-binding globulin and prealbumin on the reverse flow of thyroid hormones from extravascular space into the bloodstream in rabbits  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A plasma fraction rich in thyroid hormone-binding globulin (hTBG, human thyropexin) was injected iv into rabbits in order to see whether thyroid hormone concentrations in plasma would increase by return of T3 and T4 from the extravascular space. For this purpose, both (125I)T3 and (131I)T4 were simultaneously injected. After 1 h, or after 16 h in another series of experiments, 50 mg hTBG were injected iv. Thereafter, the mean radioactivity of both (125I)T3 and (131I)T4 in the plasma rose, and reached its peak 20-30 min after hTBG injection; (125I)T3 and (131I)T4 returned to the preinjection value slowly, after more than 3 h. When hTBG was injected 15-16 h after the radioactive hormones, the mean radioactivity of (125I)T3 reached its peak about 1 h after hTBG injection and returned to the base value after approximately 5.5 h, (131I)T4 reached its peak about 1 h after hTBG injection and returned to the base value within 12 h. After injection of hTBG, total T4 and T3 concentrations in plasma increased about 3- to 5-fold over the base values. At the same time, the percentage of both, free T4 and free T3 dropped instantly whereas absolute free T4 and free T3 values remained almost constant. After injection of 500 mg transthyretin (hTBPA), a similar flux of (125I)T3 and (131I)T4 was observed, whereas 500 mg human serum albumin were ineffective. These marked effects of injected hTBG and hTBPA on the serum levels of (125I)T3, (131I)T4, and total T3 indicate that reentry of T3 and T4 into the intravascular compartment is an important component of thyroid hormone distribution and transport. As can be anticipated from the animal experiments, the efficiency of plasmapheresis or hemofiltration methods may be improved by previous application of large doses of hTBPA or hTBG in cases of thyrotoxicosis.

Wahl, R.; Schmidberger, H.; Fessler, E.; Heinzel, W.; Schenzle, D.; Bohner, J.; Kallee, E.

1989-03-01

307

Effects of human thyroxine-binding globulin and prealbumin on the reverse flow of thyroid hormones from extravascular space into the bloodstream in rabbits  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A plasma fraction rich in thyroid hormone-binding globulin (hTBG, human thyropexin) was injected iv into rabbits in order to see whether thyroid hormone concentrations in plasma would increase by return of T3 and T4 from the extravascular space. For this purpose, both [125I]T3 and [131I]T4 were simultaneously injected. After 1 h, or after 16 h in another series of experiments, 50 mg hTBG were injected iv. Thereafter, the mean radioactivity of both [125I]T3 and [131I]T4 in the plasma rose, and reached its peak 20-30 min after hTBG injection; [125I]T3 and [131I]T4 returned to the preinjection value slowly, after more than 3 h. When hTBG was injected 15-16 h after the radioactive hormones, the mean radioactivity of [125I]T3 reached its peak about 1 h after hTBG injection and returned to the base value after approximately 5.5 h, [131I]T4 reached its peak about 1 h after hTBG injection and returned to the base value within 12 h. After injection of hTBG, total T4 and T3 concentrations in plasma increased about 3- to 5-fold over the base values. At the same time, the percentage of both, free T4 and free T3 dropped instantly whereas absolute free T4 and free T3 values remained almost constant. After injection of 500 mg transthyretin (hTBPA), a similar flux of [125I]T3 and [131I]T4 was observed, whereas 500 mg human serum albumin were ineffective. These marked effects of injected hTBG and hTBPA on the serum levels of [125I]T3, [131I]T4, and total T3 indicate that reentry of T3 and T4 into the intravascular compartment is an important component of thyroid hormone distribution and transport. As can be anticipated from the animal experiments, the efficiency of plasmapheresis or hemofiltration methods may be improved by previous application of large doses of hTBPA or hTBG in cases of thyrotoxicosis

1989-01-01

308

The relation of smoking, age, relative weight, and dietary intake to serum adrenal steroids, sex hormones, and sex hormone-binding globulin in middle-aged men.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationships of cigarette smoking, age, relative weight, and dietary intake to serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, cortisol, 3-alpha-androstanediol, 3-alpha-androstanediol-glucuronide, testosterone, albumin-bound testosterone, free testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were examined cross-sectionally in 1241 randomly sampled middle-aged U.S. men. Compared with nonsmokers and independent of relative weight (body mass index) and age, cigarette smokers had increased serum levels of DHEA (18% higher, P = 0.0002), DHEAS (13% higher, P = 0.0007), cortisol (5% higher, P = 0.01), androstenedione (33% higher, P = 0.0001), testosterone (9% higher, P = 0.009), DHT (14% higher, P = 0.004), and SHBG (8% higher, P = 0.004). Androstenedione, total plasma testosterone, albumin-bound testosterone, DHT, and SHBG decreased with increasing relative weight. Age was positively associated with serum SHBG and negatively associated with albumin-bound testosterone, DHEA, and DHEAS. An association was found between alcohol intake and DHEA (r = 0.15; P = 0.0001), cortisol (r = 0.10; P = 0.0007), and 3-alpha-androstanediol-glucuronide (r = 0.08; P = 0.0004). Cortisol was the only hormone that was associated with carbohydrate intake (r = -0.09; P = 0.002). The only hormones associated with dietary lipids were DHT (for vegetable fat, r = 0.07; P = 0.02), cortisol (for total fat, r = 0.08; P = 0.007), and SHBG (for animal fat, r = -0.06; P = 0.05). In addition, SHBG was positively associated with dietary (r = 0.07; P = 0.008) and crude (r = 0.08; P = 0.007) fiber. These data suggest that serum adrenal steroid and sex hormone concentrations in middle-aged men are more influenced by cigarette smoking, age, and obesity than by dietary intake; however, serum adrenal steroids were influenced by alcohol intake. PMID:7962322

Field, A E; Colditz, G A; Willett, W C; Longcope, C; McKinlay, J B

1994-11-01

309

Testosterone, Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and the Metabolic Syndrome in Men: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Low total testosterone (TT) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations have been associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in men, but the reported strength of association varies considerably. Objectives We aimed to investigate whether associations differ across specific subgroups (according to age and body mass index (BMI)) and individual MetS components. Data sources Two previously published meta-analyses including an updated systematic search in PubMed and EMBASE. Study Eligibility Criteria Cross-sectional or prospective observational studies with data on TT and/or SHBG concentrations in combination with MetS in men. Methods We conducted an individual participant data meta-analysis of 20 observational studies. Mixed effects models were used to assess cross-sectional and prospective associations of TT, SHBG and free testosterone (FT) with MetS and its individual components. Multivariable adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated and effect modification by age and BMI was studied. Results Men with low concentrations of TT, SHBG or FT were more likely to have prevalent MetS (ORs per quartile decrease were 1.69 (95% CI 1.60-1.77), 1.73 (95% CI 1.62-1.85) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.36-1.57) for TT, SHBG and FT, respectively) and incident MetS (HRs per quartile decrease were 1.25 (95% CI 1.16-1.36), 1.44 (95% 1.30-1.60) and 1.14 (95% 1.01-1.28) for TT, SHBG and FT, respectively). Overall, the magnitude of associations was largest in non-overweight men and varied across individual components: stronger associations were observed with hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity and hyperglycaemia and associations were weakest for hypertension. Conclusions Associations of testosterone and SHBG with MetS vary according to BMI and individual MetS components. These findings provide further insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms linking low testosterone and SHBG concentrations to cardiometabolic risk.

Brand, Judith S.; Rovers, Maroeska M.; Yeap, Bu B.; Schneider, Harald J.; Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka; Haring, Robin; Corona, Giovanni; Onat, Altan; Maggio, Marcello; Bouchard, Claude; Tong, Peter C. Y.; Chen, Richard Y. T.; Akishita, Masahiro; Gietema, Jourik A.; Gannage-Yared, Marie-Helene; Unden, Anna-Lena; Goncharov, Nicolai P.; Kumanov, Philip; Chubb, S. A. Paul; Almeida, Osvaldo P.; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Klotsche, Jens; Wallaschofski, Henri; Volzke, Henry; Kauhanen, Jussi; Salonen, Jukka T.; Ferrucci, Luigi; van der Schouw, Yvonne T.

2014-01-01

310

Underground pumped hydroelectric storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Underground pumped hydroelectric energy storage was conceived as a modification of surface pumped storage to eliminate dependence upon fortuitous topography, provide higher hydraulic heads, and reduce environmental concerns. A UPHS plant offers substantial savings in investment cost over coal-fired cycling plants and savings in system production costs over gas turbines. Potential location near load centers lowers transmission costs and line losses. Environmental impact is less than that for a coal-fired cycling plant. The inherent benefits include those of all pumped storage (i.e., rapid load response, emergency capacity, improvement in efficiency as pumps improve, and capacity for voltage regulation). A UPHS plant would be powered by either a coal-fired or nuclear baseload plant. The economic capacity of a UPHS plant would be in the range of 1000 to 3000 MW. This storage level is compatible with the load-leveling requirements of a greater metropolitan area with population of 1 million or more. The technical feasibility of UPHS depends upon excavation of a subterranean powerhouse cavern and reservoir caverns within a competent, impervious rock formation, and upon selection of reliable and efficient turbomachinery - pump-turbines and motor-generators - all remotely operable.

Allen, R.D.; Doherty, T.J.; Kannberg, L.D.

1984-07-01

311

Fuel storage rack  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Disclosed is a storage rack for spent nuclear fuel elements comprising a multiplicity of elongated hollow containers of uniform cross-section, preferably square,some of said containers having laterally extending continuous flanges extending between adjacent containers and defining continuous elongated chambers therebetween for the reception of neutron absorbing panels. 18 claims, 7 figures

1977-01-01

312

Tuber storage proteins.  

Science.gov (United States)

A wide range of plants are grown for their edible tubers, but five species together account for almost 90 % of the total world production. These are potato (Solanum tuberosum), cassava (Manihot esculenta), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatus), yams (Dioscorea spp.) and taro (Colocasia, Cyrtosperma and Xanthosoma spp.). All of these, except cassava, contain groups of storage proteins, but these differ in the biological properties and evolutionary relationships. Thus, patatin from potato exhibits activity as an acylhydrolase and esterase, sporamin from sweet potato is an inhibitor of trypsin, and dioscorin from yam is a carbonic anhydrase. Both sporamin and dioscorin also exhibit antioxidant and radical scavenging activity. Taro differs from the other three crops in that it contains two major types of storage protein: a trypsin inhibitor related to sporamin and a mannose-binding lectin. These characteristics indicate that tuber storage proteins have evolved independently in different species, which contrasts with the highly conserved families of storage proteins present in seeds. Furthermore, all exhibit biological activities which could contribute to resistance to pests, pathogens or abiotic stresses, indicating that they may have dual roles in the tubers. PMID:12730067

Shewry, Peter R

2003-06-01

313

DPM: Future Proof Storage  

CERN Multimedia

The Disk Pool Manager (DPM) is a lightweight solution for grid enabled disk storage management. Operated at more than 240 sites it has the widest distribution of all grid storage solutions in the WLCG infrastructure. It provides an easy way to manage and configure disk pools, and exposes multiple interfaces for data access (rfio, xroot, nfs, gridftp and http/dav) and control (srm). During the last year we have been working on providing stable, high performant data access to our storage system using standard protocols, while extending the storage management functionality and adapting both configuration and deployment procedures to reuse commonly used building blocks. In this contribution we cover in detail the extensive evaluation we have performed of our new HTTP/WebDAV and NFS 4.1 frontends, in terms of functionality and performance. We summarize the issues we faced and the solutions we developed to turn them into valid alternatives to the existing grid protocols - namely the additional work required to prov...

Alvarez, Alejandro; Furano, Fabrizio; Hellmich, Martin; Keeble, Oliver; Rocha, Ricardo

2012-01-01

314

NGLW RCRA Storage Study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning.

R. J. Waters; R. Ochoa; K. D. Fritz; D. W. Craig

2000-06-01

315

Storage ring beam tests  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Storage ring beam tests since the Second Workshop on RF-Superconductivity (July 1984) are discussed in this report. The experiments are listed in chronological order. Details depend on information given in papers and/or by private communication. 14 references, 22 figures, 5 tables

1988-01-01

316

Nuclear fuel storage rack  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A nuclear fuel storage rack comprising a rigid honeycomb formed of checkerboard-arrayed, corner-joined elongated tubular enclosures is described. Each enclosure comprises a structural wall section containing embedded poison material. Additional poison filled tubes may be located in the spaces formed between the connected enclosures

1978-01-01

317

NGLW RCRA Storage Study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning

2000-01-01

318

Inertial storage for satellites  

Science.gov (United States)

A new system is being developed that performs satellite attitude control, attitude reference, and energy storage utilizing inertia wheels. The baseline approach consists of two counter rotating flywheels suspended in specially designed magnetic bearings, spin axis motor/generators, and a control system. The control system regulates the magnetic bearings and spin axis motor/generators and interacts with other satellite subsystems (photovoltaic array, star trackers, Sun sensors, magnetic torquers, etc.) to perform the three functions. Existing satellites utilize separate subsystems to perform attitude control, provide attitude reference, and store energy. These functions are currently performed using reaction or momentum wheels, gyros, batteries, and devices that provide an absolute reference (Sun sensors and star trackers). A Combined Attitude, Reference, and Energy Storage (CARES) system based on high energy density inertial energy storage wheels (flywheels) has potential advantages over existing technologies. Even when used only for energy storage, this system offers the potential for substantial improvements in life, energy efficiency, and weight over existing battery technologies. Utilizing this same device for both attitude control and attitude reference would result in significant additional savings in overall satellite weight and complexity.

Eisenhaure, D.

1984-01-01

319

Hydrogen Storage Presentation  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation looks at the topic of storing hydrogen for use as fuel. Compressed, liquid and other storage methods are examined. This presentation includes useful graphics to help your students understand the various methods of storing and using hydrogen. This presentation may be downloaded in Microsoft PowerPoint file format.

2012-07-13

320

Solar Energy: Heat Storage.  

Science.gov (United States)

This module on heat storage is one of six in a series intended for use as supplements to currently available materials on solar energy and energy conservation. Together with the recommended texts and references (sources are identified), these modules provide an effective introduction to energy conservation and solar energy technologies. The module…

Knapp, Henry H., III

 
 
 
 
321

Muon storage ring  

CERN Multimedia

The muon storage ring seen from above. Half of the ring is covered with concrete shielding, i.e. where protons ejected from the synchrotron hit a target in the ring aperture. Some Cerenkov counters for the g-2 experiment can be seen.

1966-01-01

322

NV Energy Electricity Storage Valuation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study examines how grid-level electricity storage may benet the operations of NV Energy in 2020, and assesses whether those benets justify the cost of the storage system. In order to determine how grid-level storage might impact NV Energy, an hourly production cost model of the Nevada Balancing Authority (\\BA") as projected for 2020 was built and used for the study. Storage facilities were found to add value primarily by providing reserve. Value provided by the provision of time-of-day shifting was found to be limited. If regulating reserve from storage is valued the same as that from slower ramp rate resources, then it appears that a reciprocating engine generator could provide additional capacity at a lower cost than a pumped storage hydro plant or large storage capacity battery system. In addition, a 25-MW battery storage facility would need to cost $650/kW or less in order to produce a positive Net Present Value (NPV). However, if regulating reserve provided by storage is considered to be more useful to the grid than that from slower ramp rate resources, then a grid-level storage facility may have a positive NPV even at today's storage system capital costs. The value of having storage provide services beyond reserve and time-of-day shifting was not assessed in this study, and was therefore not included in storage cost-benefit calculations.

Ellison, James F.; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

2013-06-30

323

Silo Storage Preconceptual Design  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage option’s primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argon’s design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, “Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study” (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

2012-09-01

324

Thermal energy storage application areas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The use of thermal energy storage in the areas of building heating and cooling, recovery of industrial process and waste heat, solar power generation, and off-peak energy storage and load management in electric utilities is reviewed. (TFD)

1979-03-01

325

Study of Mined Storage Caverns.  

Science.gov (United States)

All available information concerning 75 mined storage caverns as well as the investigative techniques utilized to determine the feasibility of a cavern site is presented. Potential new storage caverns may be for products such as high or low vapor pressure...

1975-01-01

326

Radiatioactive Contamination in Storage Vaults  

International Science & Technology Center (ISTC)

Determination of Radioactive Contamination and Conditions for Radioactive Wastes Storage in Interim Storage Ficilities (Vaults) of the Siberian Group of Chemical Enterprises (SGCE) for Substantiation of Measures for Safe Decommissioning of Plutonium-Production Reactors (PUGR)

327

Total testosterone, free-androgen index, calculated free testosterone, and free testosterone by analog RIA compared in hirsute women and in otherwise-normal women with altered binding of sex-hormone-binding globulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

We compared the clinical value of information on free testosterone as measured with the Coat-A-Count (Diagnostic Products Corp.) radioimmunoassay kit involving a ligand analog with that of total testosterone, the free-androgen index, and free testosterone calculated from concentrations of testosterone, sex-hormone-binding globulin, and albumin, in hirsute women, pregnant women, oral-contraceptive users, women with thyroid disease, and epileptic women taking phenytoin. Total testosterone, the free-androgen index, calculated free testosterone, and free testosterone by RIA were increased in 41-68% of hirsute women. Values for free testosterone increased in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy but remained within normal limits in all non-hirsute groups. Total testosterone was increased in patients having increased sex-hormone-binding globulin, whereas the free-androgen index and, to a lesser extent, calculated free testosterone were significantly decreased. Free testosterone measured by analog RIA not only has greater diagnostic efficiency than total testosterone, it also is technically simpler to determine than the free-androgen index and calculated free testosterone. PMID:3608155

Wilke, T J; Utley, D J

1987-08-01

328

Power plants with heat storages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Operation principle of power plants with heat storages in operation and under planning as well as designs of such storages are considered. Storing plants are efficient only in those cases, when they are often used - about 100 times a year. For that reason season storages are not considered to be perspective

1987-01-01

329

A Review of Encryption Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information leakage leads to very serious consequences. Encryption storage is an effective means of ensuring information security. We summarize several typical encryption storage methods: application layer encryption, filter driver encryption, virtual disk encryption and full disk encryption. At last this paper compares these methods in some respects and provides the references for design and research of encryption storage systems.

Chaowen Chang; Min Liang; Hongzhao Kou; Zhigang Si

2010-01-01

330

Storage for spherical fuel elements  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A storage for spherical fuel elements of nuclear reactors is equipped in a way, that the subcriticality of the storage is ensured even after complete discharge of the reactor core. The storage comprises at least one cylindric shaft which, apart from the fuel elements, absorber balls are filled in continuously in a pre-definable mixture ratio. (orig.)

1982-01-01

331

Optical information storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to increase storage capacity and data transfer velocity by about three orders of magnitude compared to CD or magnetic disc it is necessary to work with optical techniques, especially with holography. About 100 TByte can be stored in a waver of an area of 50 cm2 via holograms which corresponds to a density of 2.109 Byte/mm2. Every hologram contains data of 1 MByte, so that parallel-processing is possible for read-out. Using high-speed CCD-arrays a read-out velocity of 1 MByte/?sec can be reached. Further, holographic technics are very important in solid state physics. We will discuss the existence of a space charge field in Sr1-xBaxNb2O6 doped with cerium and the physical properties of metastable states, which are suited for information storage. (author) 19 figs., 9 refs

1996-11-01

332

Nano-storage wires.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the development of "nano-storage wires" (NSWs), which can store chemical species and release them at a desired moment via external electrical stimuli. Here, using the electrodeposition process through an anodized aluminum oxide template, we fabricated multisegmented nanowires composed of a polypyrrole segment containing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules, a ferromagnetic nickel segment, and a conductive gold segment. Upon the application of a negative bias voltage, the NSWs released ATP molecules for the control of motor protein activities. Furthermore, NSWs can be printed onto various substrates including flexible or three-dimensional structured substrates by direct writing or magnetic manipulation strategies to build versatile chemical storage devices. Since our strategy provides a means to store and release chemical species in a controlled manner, it should open up various applications such as drug delivery systems and biochips for the controlled release of chemicals. PMID:23859333

Lee, Dong Jun; Kim, Eunji; Kim, Daesan; Park, Juhun; Hong, Seunghun

2013-08-27

333

Natural gas storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Storage is an important link in the natural gas supply chain. It is a valuable aid to providing the link between remote sources of production and consumption locations. After a brief recall covering the role of storage this article describes the various options for storing natural gas: saline cavities, aquifers, liquefied gas tanks or artificial cavities. A report follows on the different solutions adopted in Europe and in Switzerland, more particularly that chosen by Gaznat in order to contribute to securing supplies in Western Switzerland. Market deregulation has brought changes to the regulations, which are in turn modifying the rules that were in force until just recently, and new topics are arising, such as strategic reserves and pricing rules for stored natural gas. (author)

2009-01-01

334

Superconducting magnetic energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fusion power production requires energy storage and transfer on short time scales to create confining magnetic fields and for heating plasmas. The theta-pinch Scyllac Fusion Test Reactor (SFTR) requires 480 MJ of energy to drive the 5-T compression field with a 0.7-ms rise time. Tokamak Experimental Power Reactors (EPR) require 1 to 2 GJ of energy with a 1 to 2-s rise time for plasma ohmic heating. The design, development, and testing of four 300-kJ energy storage coils to satisfy the SFTR needs are described. Potential rotating machinery and homopolar energy systems for both the Reference Theta-Pinch Reactor (RTPR) and tokamak ohmic-heating are presented

1976-09-20

335

Seed storage oil mobilization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Storage oil mobilization starts with the onset of seed germination. Oil bodies packed with triacylglycerol (TAG) exist in close proximity with glyoxysomes, the single membrane-bound organelles that house most of the biochemical machinery required to convert fatty acids derived from TAG to 4-carbon compounds. The 4-carbon compounds in turn are converted to soluble sugars that are used to fuel seedling growth. Biochemical analysis over the last 50 years has identified the main pathways involved in this process, including beta-oxidation, the glyoxylate cycle, and gluconeogenesis. In the last few years molecular genetic dissection of the overall process in the model oilseed species Arabidopsis has provided new insight into its complexity, particularly with respect to the specific role played by individual enzymatic steps and the subcellular compartmentalization of the glyoxylate cycle. Both abscisic acid (ABA) and sugars inhibit storage oil mobilization and a substantial degree of the control appears to operate at the transcriptional level. PMID:18444898

Graham, Ian A

2008-01-01

336

COLD AND HEAT STORAGE  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this thesis, three types of accumulators will be presented: the steam accumulator, the accumulator for hot water and the cold storage accumulator. Such accumulation reservoirs can be used for several different purposes. It is possible to save money with their usage within the industry as expenses for operations and producing equipment can significantly be reduced as a result of their implementation. Also the accumulation reservoirs allow greater efficiency of energy consumption, which mean...

2013-01-01

337

Compact Holographic Data Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA's future missions would require massive high-speed onboard data storage capability to Space Science missions. For Space Science, such as the Europa Lander mission, the onboard data storage requirements would be focused on maximizing the spacecraft's ability to survive fault conditions (i.e., no loss in stored science data when spacecraft enters the 'safe mode') and autonomously recover from them during NASA's long-life and deep space missions. This would require the development of non-volatile memory. In order to survive in the stringent environment during space exploration missions, onboard memory requirements would also include: (1) survive a high radiation environment (1 Mrad), (2) operate effectively and efficiently for a very long time (10 years), and (3) sustain at least a billion write cycles. Therefore, memory technologies requirements of NASA's Earth Science and Space Science missions are large capacity, non-volatility, high-transfer rate, high radiation resistance, high storage density, and high power efficiency. JPL, under current sponsorship from NASA Space Science and Earth Science Programs, is developing a high-density, nonvolatile and rad-hard Compact Holographic Data Storage (CHDS) system to enable large-capacity, high-speed, low power consumption, and read/write of data in a space environment. The entire read/write operation will be controlled with electrooptic mechanism without any moving parts. This CHDS will consist of laser diodes, photorefractive crystal, spatial light modulator, photodetector array, and I/O electronic interface. In operation, pages of information would be recorded and retrieved with random access and high-speed. The nonvolatile, rad-hard characteristics of the holographic memory will provide a revolutionary memory technology meeting the high radiation challenge facing the Europa Lander mission. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Chao, T. H.; Reyes, G. F.; Zhou, H.

2001-01-01

338

Storage ring group summary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Storage Ring Group set out to identify and pursue salient problems in accelerator physics for heavy ion fusion, divorced from any particular reference design concept. However, it became apparent that some basic parameter framework was required to correlate the different study topics. As the Workshop progressed, ring parameters were modified and updated. Consequently, the accompanying papers on individual topics will be found to refer to slightly varied parameters, according to the stage at which the different problems were tackled

1980-09-01

339

DPM: Future Proof Storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Disk Pool Manager (DPM) is a lightweight solution for grid enabled disk storage management. Operated at more than 240 sites it has the widest distribution of all grid storage solutions in the WLCG infrastructure. It provides an easy way to manage and configure disk pools, and exposes multiple interfaces for data access (rfio, xroot, nfs, gridftp and http/dav) and control (srm). During the last year we have been working on providing stable, high performant data access to our storage system using standard protocols, while extending the storage management functionality and adapting both configuration and deployment procedures to reuse commonly used building blocks. In this contribution we cover in detail the extensive evaluation we have performed of our new HTTP/WebDAV and NFS 4.1 frontends, in terms of functionality and performance. We summarize the issues we faced and the solutions we developed to turn them into valid alternatives to the existing grid protocols - namely the additional work required to provide multi-stream transfers for high performance wide area access, support for third party copies, credential delegation or the required changes in the experiment and fabric management frameworks and tools. We describe new functionality that has been added to ease system administration, such as different filesystem weights and a faster disk drain, and new configuration and monitoring solutions based on the industry standards Puppet and Nagios. Finally, we explain some of the internal changes we had to do in the DPM architecture to better handle the additional load from the analysis use cases.

2012-12-13

340

Thermal energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A process is described for producing a heat storage medium comprising the steps of: providing a first mixture of first and second compounds having first predetermined composition-temperature characteristics; and adding to the mixture a third compound to change the characteristics of the first mixture, and three compounds and the relative proportions of the three compounds of the resulting mixture being such that when added together substantially peritectic isothermal crystallization occurs.

VanHook, H.J.

1986-07-29

 
 
 
 
341

Flexible Secure Cloud Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Our life without Internet-based services is hard to imagine: We search for information with Google, share thoughts on Facebook, buy at Amazon and store our pictures on Flickr. Many of these Internet-based services focus on easy exchange of information, providing comfortable and ubiquitous storage and sharing. Relieved from hardware purchases, software bug fixes and infrastructure maintenance, users as well as companies use these cloud-based stores either for free or at low-cost. The price is ...

Graf, Sebastian

2014-01-01

342

Thermal storage for electric utilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Applications of the thermal energy storage (TES) principle (storage of sensible heat or latent heat, or heat storage in reversible chemical reactions) in power systems are evaluated. Load leveling behind the meter, load following at conventional thermal power plants, solar thermal power generation, and waste heat utilization are the principal TES applications considered. Specific TES examples discussed include: storage heaters for electric-resistance space heating, air conditioning TES in the form of chilled water or eutectic salt baths, hot water TES, and trans-seasonal storage in heated water in confined aquifers.

Swet, C. J.; Masica, W. J.

1977-01-01

343

Linear capacity storage devices  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The linearity of information storage in capacitor storage circuits is discussed. The paper describes two storage circuits whose operation is linear over a wide range of output-signal amplitudes. In one of the circuits the error signal is measured by a differential amplifier and, thanks to the high amplification factor of the amplifier, good linearity is obtained. The second circuit was designed for work in the nanosecond pulse-width range. Input pulses of standard width cut off a pentode, in the anode of which there is a memory capacitor. Since the capacitor is charged from the anode supply through a current generator, the charging current remains almost constant during measurement of the capacitor voltage. The pentode has a large internal resistance so that after the end of the input pulse the magnitude of the current through the pentode is almost equal to its initial value, and the charge stored by the capacitor is remembered. The width of the information memory is limited by the output resistance of the current generator and the internal resistance (Ri) of the pentode. To increase the memory width, a diode may be inserted before the capacitor. (author)

1962-04-01

344

Radioactive material storage vessel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a radioactive material storage vessel having a single sealing boundary in the cylindrical portion and a double sealing boundary in the lid portion, and the outer circumference of the vessel being cooled by air, in which difference is made between the pressure in a radioactive material storage chamber and the pressure in an intermediate chamber present between a primary sealing lid and a secondary sealing lid. A valve is disposed to the primary sealing lid, which breaks the sealing between the radioactive material containing chamber and the intermediate chamber when the difference between the pressure of the containing chamber and that of the intermediate chamber is reduced to lower than a predetermined value, and a sensor for detecting pressure change in the intermediate chamber is disposed to the secondary sealing lid. In addition, a shrinkable member having at least a predetermined length and an extensible length is disposed to the primary sealing lid, and a displacement sensor capable of detecting the change of the length of the shrinkable member is disposed to the secondary sealing lid. Then, when the sealing boundary at the cylinder portion of the radioactive material containing chamber should be broken in the radioactive material storage vessel, it can be detected. (N.H.)

1997-02-17

345

JAERI storage ring JSR  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A design study for a next generation 8 GeV synchrotron radiation facility is in progress in Japan, and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) have join forces in this project. A compact electron storage ring JSR has been under construction in the linac building in the Tokai Research Establishment of JAERI to serve for studies of various kind of accelerator technologies, examination of insertion devices and beam monitors, and training of young researchers. This paper describes the lattice design, injection system, magnets, vacuum system, RF system, control system and beam monitors and presents some operation results regarding the electron beam injection and storage. The JSR is presently in good condition concerning it's fundamental functions such as injection, storage at around 150 MeV and 300 MeV, and acceleration from 150 MeV and 300 MeV. Photon induced gas desorption is still large because the vacuum chamber has not been aged heavily by synchrotron radiation. (N.K.)

1990-05-01

346

Mass storage at NSA  

Science.gov (United States)

The need to manage large amounts of data on robotically controlled devices has been critical to the mission of this Agency for many years. In many respects this Agency has helped pioneer, with their industry counterparts, the development of a number of products long before these systems became commercially available. Numerous attempts have been made to field both robotically controlled tape and optical disk technology and systems to satisfy our tertiary storage needs. Custom developed products were architected, designed, and developed without vendor partners over the past two decades to field workable systems to handle our ever increasing storage requirements. Many of the attendees of this symposium are familiar with some of the older products, such as: the Braegen Automated Tape Libraries (ATL's), the IBM 3850, the Ampex TeraStore, just to name a few. In addition, we embarked on an in-house development of a shared disk input/output support processor to manage our every increasing tape storage needs. For all intents and purposes, this system was a file server by current definitions which used CDC Cyber computers as the control processors. It served us well and was just recently removed from production usage.

Shields, Michael F.

1993-01-01

347

Maui energy storage study.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report investigates strategies to mitigate anticipated wind energy curtailment on Maui, with a focus on grid-level energy storage technology. The study team developed an hourly production cost model of the Maui Electric Company (MECO) system, with an expected 72 MW of wind generation and 15 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation in 2015, and used this model to investigate strategies that mitigate wind energy curtailment. It was found that storage projects can reduce both wind curtailment and the annual cost of producing power, and can do so in a cost-effective manner. Most of the savings achieved in these scenarios are not from replacing constant-cost diesel-fired generation with wind generation. Instead, the savings are achieved by the more efficient operation of the conventional units of the system. Using additional storage for spinning reserve enables the system to decrease the amount of spinning reserve provided by single-cycle units. This decreases the amount of generation from these units, which are often operated at their least efficient point (at minimum load). At the same time, the amount of spinning reserve from the efficient combined-cycle units also decreases, allowing these units to operate at higher, more efficient levels.

Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Karlson, Benjamin

2012-12-01

348

Moving Towards SAN Storage: An Enterprise Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract – One of the major components of any enterprise IT infrastructure is data storage. There has been continuous effort to explore new storage technologies to improve performance with respect to input/output operations, data availability, consolidation of storage assets and data protection and archiving. Storage has moved from the traditional Direct Attached Storage (DAS) to Network Attached Storage (NAS) and now to Storage Area Networks (SAN). Traditional storage subsystems like Serve...

2012-01-01

349

Fuel performance in water storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Company operates the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) for the Department of Energy (DOE). A variety of different types of fuels have been stored there since the 1950's prior to reprocessing for uranium recovery. In April of 1992, the DOE decided to end fuel reprocessing, changing the mission at ICPP. Fuel integrity in storage is now viewed as long term until final disposition is defined and implemented. Thus, the condition of fuel and storage equipment is being closely monitored and evaluated to ensure continued safe storage. There are four main areas of fuel storage at ICPP: an original underwater storage facility (CPP-603), a modern underwater storage facility (CPP-666), and two dry fuel storage facilities. The fuels in storage are from the US Navy, DOE (and its predecessors the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Atomic Energy Commission), and other research programs. Fuel matrices include uranium oxide, hydride, carbide, metal, and alloy fuels. In the underwater storage basins, fuels are clad with stainless steel, zirconium, and aluminum. Also included in the basin inventory is canned scrap material. The dry fuel storage contains primarily graphite and aluminum type fuels. A total of 55 different fuel types are currently stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. The corrosion resistance of the barrier material is of primary concern in evaluating the integrity of the fuel in long term water storage. The barrier material is either the fuel cladding (if not canned) or the can material

1993-01-01

350

Desenvolvimento de ensaio imunofluorométrico para a medida da globulina ligadora de tiroxina (thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG e sua aplicação em casos de deficiência desta proteína Development of an immunofluorometric assay for thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG and its application in cases of protein deficiency  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A globulina ligadora de tiroxina (thyroxine-binding globulin, TBG é a principal transportadora de hormônios tiroidianos no soro. Variações na concentração sérica de TBG determinam variações proporcionais nas concentrações séricas totais de T4 e T3, sem implicar alterações de função, desde que a fração livre permaneça normal. Várias condições clínicas comuns levam a alterações significativas nos níveis de TBG, sendo as variações mais importantes devidas a defeitos genéticos. Como a TBG é codificada por gene localizado no cromossomo X, os defeitos se manifestam mais facilmente no sexo masculino. Descrevemos o desenvolvimento de ensaio imunofluorométrico para a medida de TBG com base em anticorpos monoclonais, sendo um desenvolvido em nosso laboratório e outro comercial. O método apresenta sensibilidade de 0,8mg/l e coeficientes de variação intra e interensaio inferiores a 10%. O estudo comparativo com método comercial mostrou alta correlação (r = 0,93; n = 48, sendo os valores normais obtidos de 10mg/l a 29mg/l. Estudamos também 20 indivíduos portadores de deficiência congênita de TBG, 19 homens e uma mulher, que apresentavam valores normais de TSH e baixos de T4 total; em todos eles os níveis de TBG foram indetectáveis. Já os níveis de T4 livre medidos por método indireto em 16 desses indivíduos mostraram-se elevados em todos, ao passo que, quando medidos por método direto pós-diálise nos quatro restantes, mostraram-se normais. Nossos resultados reforçam a necessidade prática da disponibilidade de ensaio para a medida de TBG para esclarecimento e definição diagnóstica de alguns casos especiais, principalmente quando o ensaio de T4 livre direto, pós-diálise, não é disponível.Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG is the main responsible for serum thyroid hormone transport. Serum variations in TBG concentrations determine proportional variations in serum total T4 and T3 concentrations, without implications to function, since the free fraction remains normal. Several frequent clinical conditions lead to significant alterations in the TBG levels, being the most important variations due to genetic defects. Since TBG is codified by a gene localized in the X chromosome, the defects are more often found in males. We describe the development of an immunofluorometric assay for the measurement of TBG based on monoclonal antibodies, being one developed at our laboratories and the other obtained from commercial sources. The method presents sensitivity of 0.8mg/l and intra and inter-assay coefficients of variation of less than 10%. Comparison with a commercial assay showed high correlation (r = 0.93, n = 48, with normal values between 10mg/l and 29 mg/l. We also studied 20 individuals with congenital deficiency of TBG, 19 men and one woman, that presented normal TSH values and low total T4 values; in all of them the TBG values were undetectable. Free T4 values otherwise were high when measured with an indirect method in 16 of the individuals, and normal in the other four patients where they were measured with a direct post-dialysis method. Our results reinforce the practical need for an assay for the measurement of serum TBG for the diagnostic definition of some special cases, mainly when a direct free T4 assay is not available.

José Gilberto H. Vieira

2002-01-01

351

Holographic Optical Data Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the basic idea may be traced back to the earlier X-ray diffraction studies of Sir W. L. Bragg, the holographic method as we know it was invented by D. Gabor in 1948 as a two-step lensless imaging technique to enhance the resolution of electron microscopy, for which he received the 1971 Nobel Prize in physics. The distinctive feature of holography is the recording of the object phase variations that carry the depth information, which is lost in conventional photography where only the intensity (= squared amplitude) distribution of an object is captured. Since all photosensitive media necessarily respond to the intensity incident upon them, an ingenious way had to be found to convert object phase into intensity variations, and Gabor achieved this by introducing a coherent reference wave along with the object wave during exposure. Gabor's in-line recording scheme, however, required the object in question to be largely transmissive, and could provide only marginal image quality due to unwanted terms simultaneously reconstructed along with the desired wavefront. Further handicapped by the lack of a strong coherent light source, optical holography thus seemed fated to remain just another scientific curiosity, until the field was revolutionized in the early 1960s by some major breakthroughs: the proposition and demonstration of the laser principle, the introduction of off-axis holography, and the invention of volume holography. Consequently, the remainder of that decade saw an exponential growth in research on theory, practice, and applications of holography. Today, holography not only boasts a wide variety of scientific and technical applications (e.g., holographic interferometry for strain, vibration, and flow analysis, microscopy and high-resolution imagery, imaging through distorting media, optical interconnects, holographic optical elements, optical neural networks, three-dimensional displays, data storage, etc.), but has become a prominent am advertising, and security medium as well. The evolution of holographic optical memories has followed a path not altogether different from holography itself, with several cycles of alternating interest over the past four decades. P. J. van Heerden is widely credited for being the first to elucidate the principles behind holographic data storage in a 1963 paper, predicting bit storage densities on the order of 1/lambda(sup 3) with source wavelength lambda - a fantastic capacity of nearly 1 TB/cu cm for visible light! The science and engineering of such a storage paradigm was heavily pursued thereafter, resulting in many novel hologram multiplexing techniques for dense data storage, as well as important advances in holographic recording materials. Ultimately, however, the lack of such enabling technologies as compact laser sources and high performance optical data I/O devices dampened the hopes for the development of a commercial product. After a period of relative dormancy, successful applications of holography in other arenas sparked a renewed interest in holographic data storage in the late 1980s and the early 1990s. Currently, with most of the critical optoelectronic device technologies in place and the quest for an ideal holographic recording medium intensified, holography is once again considered as one of several future data storage paradigms that may answer our constantly growing need for higher-capacity and faster-access memories.

Timucin, Dogan A.; Downie, John D.; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

352

A Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Circulating Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin Reveals Multiple Loci Implicated in Sex Steroid Hormone Regulation  

Science.gov (United States)

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein responsible for the transport and biologic availability of sex steroid hormones, primarily testosterone and estradiol. SHBG has been associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 21,791 individuals from 10 epidemiologic studies and validated these findings in 7,046 individuals in an additional six studies. We identified twelve genomic regions (SNPs) associated with circulating SHBG concentrations. Loci near the identified SNPs included SHBG (rs12150660, 17p13.1, p?=?1.8×10?106), PRMT6 (rs17496332, 1p13.3, p?=?1.4×10?11), GCKR (rs780093, 2p23.3, p?=?2.2×10?16), ZBTB10 (rs440837, 8q21.13, p?=?3.4×10?09), JMJD1C (rs7910927, 10q21.3, p?=?6.1×10?35), SLCO1B1 (rs4149056, 12p12.1, p?=?1.9×10?08), NR2F2 (rs8023580, 15q26.2, p?=?8.3×10?12), ZNF652 (rs2411984, 17q21.32, p?=?3.5×10?14), TDGF3 (rs1573036, Xq22.3, p?=?4.1×10?14), LHCGR (rs10454142, 2p16.3, p?=?1.3×10?07), BAIAP2L1 (rs3779195, 7q21.3, p?=?2.7×10?08), and UGT2B15 (rs293428, 4q13.2, p?=?5.5×10?06). These genes encompass multiple biologic pathways, including hepatic function, lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and T2D, androgen and estrogen receptor function, epigenetic effects, and the biology of sex steroid hormone-responsive cancers including breast and prostate cancer. We found evidence of sex-differentiated genetic influences on SHBG. In a sex-specific GWAS, the loci 4q13.2-UGT2B15 was significant in men only (men p?=?2.5×10?08, women p?=?0.66, heterogeneity p?=?0.003). Additionally, three loci showed strong sex-differentiated effects: 17p13.1-SHBG and Xq22.3-TDGF3 were stronger in men, whereas 8q21.12-ZBTB10 was stronger in women. Conditional analyses identified additional signals at the SHBG gene that together almost double the proportion of variance explained at the locus. Using an independent study of 1,129 individuals, all SNPs identified in the overall or sex-differentiated or conditional analyses explained ?15.6% and ?8.4% of the genetic variation of SHBG concentrations in men and women, respectively. The evidence for sex-differentiated effects and allelic heterogeneity highlight the importance of considering these features when estimating complex trait variance.

Lunetta, Kathryn L.; He, Chunyan; Fornage, Myriam; Lagou, Vasiliki; Mangino, Massimo; Onland-Moret, N. Charlotte; Chen, Brian; Eriksson, Joel; Garcia, Melissa; Liu, Yong Mei; Koster, Annemarie; Lohman, Kurt; Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka; Petersen, Ann-Kristin; Prescott, Jennifer; Stolk, Lisette; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Wood, Andrew R.; Zhuang, Wei Vivian; Ruokonen, Aimo; Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa; Pouta, Anneli; Bandinelli, Stefania; Biffar, Reiner; Brabant, Georg; Cox, David G.; Chen, Yuhui; Cummings, Steven; Ferrucci, Luigi; Gunter, Marc J.; Hankinson, Susan E.; Martikainen, Hannu; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Illig, Thomas; Jansson, John-Olov; Johnson, Andrew D.; Karasik, David; Karlsson, Magnus; Kettunen, Johannes; Kiel, Douglas P.; Kraft, Peter; Liu, Jingmin; Ljunggren, Osten; Lorentzon, Mattias; Maggio, Marcello; Markus, Marcello R. P.; Mellstrom, Dan; Miljkovic, Iva; Mirel, Daniel; Nelson, Sarah; Morin Papunen, Laure; Peeters, Petra H. M.; Prokopenko, Inga; Raffel, Leslie; Reincke, Martin; Reiner, Alex P.; Rexrode, Kathryn; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Schwartz, Stephen M.; Siscovick, David; Soranzo, Nicole; Stockl, Doris; Tworoger, Shelley; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; van Gils, Carla H.; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Wichmann, H.-Erich; Zhai, Guangju; Bhasin, Shalender; Bidlingmaier, Martin; Chanock, Stephen J.; De Vivo, Immaculata; Harris, Tamara B.; Hunter, David J.; Kahonen, Mika; Liu, Simin; Ouyang, Pamela; Spector, Tim D.; van der Schouw, Yvonne T.; Viikari, Jorma; Wallaschofski, Henri; McCarthy, Mark I.; Frayling, Timothy M.; Murray, Anna; Franks, Steve; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; de Jong, Frank H.; Raitakari, Olli; Teumer, Alexander; Ohlsson, Claes; Murabito, Joanne M.; Perry, John R. B.

2012-01-01

353

A genome-wide association meta-analysis of circulating sex hormone-binding globulin reveals multiple Loci implicated in sex steroid hormone regulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein responsible for the transport and biologic availability of sex steroid hormones, primarily testosterone and estradiol. SHBG has been associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 21,791 individuals from 10 epidemiologic studies and validated these findings in 7,046 individuals in an additional six studies. We identified twelve genomic regions (SNPs) associated with circulating SHBG concentrations. Loci near the identified SNPs included SHBG (rs12150660, 17p13.1, p = 1.8 × 10(-106)), PRMT6 (rs17496332, 1p13.3, p = 1.4 × 10(-11)), GCKR (rs780093, 2p23.3, p = 2.2 × 10(-16)), ZBTB10 (rs440837, 8q21.13, p = 3.4 × 10(-09)), JMJD1C (rs7910927, 10q21.3, p = 6.1 × 10(-35)), SLCO1B1 (rs4149056, 12p12.1, p = 1.9 × 10(-08)), NR2F2 (rs8023580, 15q26.2, p = 8.3 × 10(-12)), ZNF652 (rs2411984, 17q21.32, p = 3.5 × 10(-14)), TDGF3 (rs1573036, Xq22.3, p = 4.1 × 10(-14)), LHCGR (rs10454142, 2p16.3, p = 1.3 × 10(-07)), BAIAP2L1 (rs3779195, 7q21.3, p = 2.7 × 10(-08)), and UGT2B15 (rs293428, 4q13.2, p = 5.5 × 10(-06)). These genes encompass multiple biologic pathways, including hepatic function, lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and T2D, androgen and estrogen receptor function, epigenetic effects, and the biology of sex steroid hormone-responsive cancers including breast and prostate cancer. We found evidence of sex-differentiated genetic influences on SHBG. In a sex-specific GWAS, the loci 4q13.2-UGT2B15 was significant in men only (men p = 2.5 × 10(-08), women p = 0.66, heterogeneity p = 0.003). Additionally, three loci showed strong sex-differentiated effects: 17p13.1-SHBG and Xq22.3-TDGF3 were stronger in men, whereas 8q21.12-ZBTB10 was stronger in women. Conditional analyses identified additional signals at the SHBG gene that together almost double the proportion of variance explained at the locus. Using an independent study of 1,129 individuals, all SNPs identified in the overall or sex-differentiated or conditional analyses explained ~15.6% and ~8.4% of the genetic variation of SHBG concentrations in men and women, respectively. The evidence for sex-differentiated effects and allelic heterogeneity highlight the importance of considering these features when estimating complex trait variance. PMID:22829776

Coviello, Andrea D; Haring, Robin; Wellons, Melissa; Vaidya, Dhananjay; Lehtimäki, Terho; Keildson, Sarah; Lunetta, Kathryn L; He, Chunyan; Fornage, Myriam; Lagou, Vasiliki; Mangino, Massimo; Onland-Moret, N Charlotte; Chen, Brian; Eriksson, Joel; Garcia, Melissa; Liu, Yong Mei; Koster, Annemarie; Lohman, Kurt; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Petersen, Ann-Kristin; Prescott, Jennifer; Stolk, Lisette; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Wood, Andrew R; Zhuang, Wei Vivian; Ruokonen, Aimo; Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa; Pouta, Anneli; Bandinelli, Stefania; Biffar, Reiner; Brabant, Georg; Cox, David G; Chen, Yuhui; Cummings, Steven; Ferrucci, Luigi; Gunter, Marc J; Hankinson, Susan E; Martikainen, Hannu; Hofman, Albert; Homuth, Georg; Illig, Thomas; Jansson, John-Olov; Johnson, Andrew D; Karasik, David; Karlsson, Magnus; Kettunen, Johannes; Kiel, Douglas P; Kraft, Peter; Liu, Jingmin; Ljunggren, Östen; Lorentzon, Mattias; Maggio, Marcello; Markus, Marcello R P; Mellström, Dan; Miljkovic, Iva; Mirel, Daniel; Nelson, Sarah; Morin Papunen, Laure; Peeters, Petra H M; Prokopenko, Inga; Raffel, Leslie; Reincke, Martin; Reiner, Alex P; Rexrode, Kathryn; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Schwartz, Stephen M; Siscovick, David; Soranzo, Nicole; Stöckl, Doris; Tworoger, Shelley; Uitterlinden, André G; van Gils, Carla H; Vasan, Ramachandran S; Wichmann, H-Erich; Zhai, Guangju; Bhasin, Shalender; Bidlingmaier, Martin; Chanock, Stephen J; De Vivo, Immaculata; Harris, Tamara B; Hunter, David J; Kähönen, Mika; Liu, Simin; Ouyang, Pamela; Spector, Tim D; van der Schouw, Yvonne T; Viikari, Jorma; Wallaschofski, Henri; McCarthy, Mark I; Frayling, Timothy M; Murray, Anna; Franks, Steve; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; de Jong, Frank H; Raitakari, Olli; Teumer, Alexander; Ohlsson, Claes; Murabito, Joanne M; Perry, John R B

2012-01-01

354

Association between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and metabolic syndrome among men / Associação entre globulina de ligação a hormônio sexual (SHBG) e síndrome metabólica em homens  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A síndrome metabólica (SM) consiste em um conjunto de fatores que implicam risco elevado para doenças cardiovasculares. O objetivo foi avaliar a associação entre a globulina ligadora de esteroides sexuais (SHBG), hormônios sexuais e a SM em homens [...] . TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Análise retrospectiva de dados do estudo "Estradiol mas não testosterona se correlaciona com doença arterial coronariana em homens", conduzido em um hospital em São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados pacientes do sexo masculino com idade entre 40 e 70 anos, submetidos a angiografia coronária. A idade, a prevalência de dislipidemia, hipertensão e diabetes, o peso, a altura, cintura e o índice de massa corpórea de cada paciente foram coletados. A definição de SM seguiu os critérios do NCEP-ATPIII. Amostras séricas foram coletadas para análises da glicose, colesterol total, colesterol-HDL (high density lipoprotein), triglicerídeos, albumina, SHBG, estradiol e testosterona total (TT). O colesterol-LDL (low density lipoprotein) foi calculado pela fórmula de Friedewald e as testosteronas livre (TL) e biodisponível (TB) pela fórmula de Vermeulen. RESULTADOS: Entraram no estudo 141 pacientes. A prevalência de SM foi significativamente maior no primeiro tercil de SHBG em comparação ao segundo e terceiro tercis. Foi verificada uma associação positiva e significativa ente os valores de SHBG e TT, porém essa associação não foi verificada entre SHBG e TB e TL. CONCLUSÃO: Baixos níveis séricos de SHBG estiveram associados com alta prevalência da SM em pacientes do sexo masculino. Faz-se necessário que estudos avaliem essa associação. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome consists of a set of factors that imply increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The objective here was to evaluate the association between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), sex hormones and metabolic syndrome among men. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retros [...] pective analysis on data from the study "Endogenous oestradiol but not testosterone is related to coronary artery disease in men", conducted in a hospital in São Paulo. METHODS: Men (aged 40-70) who underwent coronary angiography were selected. The age, weight, height, waist circumference, body mass index and prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypertension and diabetes of each patient were registered. Metabolic syndrome was defined in accordance with the criteria of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (NCEP-ATPIII). Serum samples were collected to assess the levels of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol (high density lipoprotein), triglycerides, albumin, SHBG, estradiol and total testosterone (TT). The levels of LDL-cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) were calculated using Friedewald's formula and free testosterone (FT) and bioavailable testosterone (BT) using Vermeulen's formula. RESULTS: 141 patients were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in the first SHBG tercile than in the second and third terciles. A statistically significant positive association between the SHBG and TT values was observed, but no such association was seen between SHBG, BT and FT. CONCLUSION: Low serum levels of SHBG are associated with higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome among male patients, but further studies are required to confirm this association.

Sá, Emmanuela Quental Callou de; Sá, Francisco Carleial Feijó de; Oliveira, Kelly Cristina; Feres, Fausto; Verreschi, Ieda Therezinha Nascimento.

355

Storage Management and Data Acquisition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Enterprise storage is the computer data storage designed for large-scale, high-technology environments of the modern enterprises which is very time efficient where in stored data can be accessed in less time. When comparing to the consumer storage, it has higher scalability, higher reliability and better fault tolerance. As well, criticality of data varies between enterprises. Challenges faced in current scenario to store big data are in terms of cost, data loss, efficiency while accessing data, maintaining consistency of data and many more. In order to provide better storage solution and data management, the proposed solution came up with platform of Workflow Automation (WFA. WFA is an active management tool which directly allocates storage on storage server based on client request. It depends on a data source i.e., OnCommand Unified Manager (OCUM to monitor the storage components. OCUM acts as a passive reporting tool, which polls all the storage data at different time stamps. The monitored data includes parameters and attributes of storage component like corrupted disk data, normal disk data or may be some lack of storage space. WFA has cache based intelligence and it acquires only relevant data of context from OCUM. Based on this acquired cache data, WFA can provide better storage solutions and data management by which it takes care of conditions like maintaining health of storage and takes appropriate actions like migrating data, replacing corrupted disk etc., The acquired cache data can be queried by filter/ finders to select storage component as a resource on which data is stored. The results of which will work on selective resource, to execute specific task of interest using workflows. Query results return the count of storage components and related information to verify consistency and no data loss from any storage resource. Hence the proposed solution helps in performance tuning of big data storage solutions in terms of data access time, reliability, efficiency, data consistency and security. It reduces the cost of managing storage, enables adherence to best practices for storage processes.

Kavya Bhat

2013-06-01

356

New applications of hermetic storage for grain storage and transport  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent evolution of pesticide-free post harvest hermetic storage for dry commodities as now used in 38 countries is described, and its current application in the storage of grain and other commodities is discussed and illustrated. Results of studies carried out on the protection of seeds, rice, maize, wheat, pulses, cocoa and coffee are presented. Plastic structures suitable for long-term storage systems have been developed and applied. The growing number of types of flexible hermetic contain...

2010-01-01

357

Radioactive waste storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a joint effort of Gesellschaft fuer Strahlen- und Umweltforschung mbH Muenchen and Gesellschaft fuer Kernforschung mbH Karlsruhe, presenting a survey of the work performed in 1974 in the field of disposal of radioactive waste. The mining and construction work is discussed, which was carried out both underground and above at the ASSE Salt Mine near Remlingen and which was done for repair, maintenance and expansion of operation in accordance with its future purpose. Moreover, the report gives information on the present status of research and of its results. Also new storage techniques are reported which are currently in the planning stage. (orig.)

1975-01-01

358

Storage array reflection considerations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The assumptions used for reflection conditions of single containers are fairly well established and consistently applied throughout the industry in nuclear criticality safety evaluations. Containers are usually considered to be either fully water-reflected (i.e. surrounded by 6 to 12 in. of water) for safety calculations or reflected by 1 in. of water for nominal (structural material and air) conditions. Tables and figures are usually available for performing comparative evaluations of containers under various loading conditions. Reflection considerations used for evaluating the safety of storage arrays of fissile material are not as well established.

Haire, M.J.; Jordan, W.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Taylor, R.G. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)

1997-08-01

359

Regulated underground storage tanks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This guidance package is designed to assist DOE Field operations by providing thorough guidance on the underground storage tank (UST) regulations. [40 CFR 280]. The guidance uses tables, flowcharts, and checklists to provide a ''roadmap'' for DOE staff who are responsible for supervising UST operations. This package is tailored to address the issues facing DOE facilities. DOE staff should use this guidance as: An overview of the regulations for UST installation and operation; a comprehensive step-by-step guidance for the process of owning and operating an UST, from installation to closure; and a quick, ready-reference guide for any specific topic concerning UST ownership or operation

1992-01-01

360

SALES, STORAGE AND SALVAGE  

CERN Multimedia

From 3 January 2000 there will be a security barrier in front of the storage-recycling area in bldg 133, which will be accessible only to authorised staff and contractors.You are reminded that the equipment delivered to this area must be unpolluted and non-radioactive. The cost of recycling the equipment will be debited to the budget code of the Division concerned, with the prior approval of the Group Leader.Reminder relating to equipment salesThe Sales Section is open on Thursdays from 13.30 to 15.00 hours only.SPL DivisionLogistics GroupA. Notari

Division SPL, groupe logistique; A. Notar

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Femtoslicing in Storage Rings  

CERN Multimedia

The generation of ultrashort synchrotron radiation pulses by laser-induced energy modulation of electrons and their subsequent transverse displacement, now dubbed "femtoslicing," was demonstrated at the Advanced Light Source in Berkeley. More recently, a femtoslicing user facility was commissioned at the BESSY storage ring in Berlin, and another project is in progress at the Swiss Light Source. The paper reviews the principle of femtoslicing, its merits and shortcomings, as well as the variations of its technical implementation. Various diagnostics techniques to detect successful laser-electron interaction are discussed and experimental results are presented.

Khan, Shaukat

2005-01-01

362

Electrochemical storage cell  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is disclosed an electrochemical chemical storage cell or battery of the alkali metal and chalcogen type with an anode space and a cathode separated from each other by an alkali-ion conducting solid electrolyte. The cup-shaped solid electrolyte of beta-aluminum oxide is fastened at its open end in a force-locking manner by means of a joining material to an annular insulating body. The joining material contains a mixture of a glass powder and a ceramic powder suspended in a liquid with high viscosity.

Steinleitner, G.; Haar, W.

1983-11-01

363

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The EMS Energy Institute at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) has managed the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC) since its inception in 2003. The GSTC infrastructure provided a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance the operational flexibility and deliverability of the nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost-effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. The GSTC received base funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Oil & Natural Gas Supply Program. The GSTC base funds were highly leveraged with industry funding for individual projects. Since its inception, the GSTC has engaged 67 members. The GSTC membership base was diverse, coming from 19 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada. The membership was comprised of natural gas storage field operators, service companies, industry consultants, industry trade organizations, and academia. The GSTC organized and hosted a total of 18 meetings since 2003. Of these, 8 meetings were held to review, discuss, and select proposals submitted for funding consideration. The GSTC reviewed a total of 75 proposals and committed co-funding to support 31 industry-driven projects. The GSTC committed co-funding to 41.3% of the proposals that it received and reviewed. The 31 projects had a total project value of $6,203,071 of which the GSTC committed $3,205,978 in co-funding. The committed GSTC project funding represented an average program cost share of 51.7%. Project applicants provided an average program cost share of 48.3%. In addition to the GSTC co-funding, the consortium provided the domestic natural gas storage industry with a technology transfer and outreach infrastructure. The technology transfer and outreach were conducted by having project mentoring teams and a GSTC website, and by working closely with the Pipeline Research Council International (PRCI) to jointly host technology transfer meetings and occasional field excursions. A total of 15 technology transfer/strategic planning workshops were held.

Joel Morrison; Elizabeth Wood; Barbara Robuck

2010-09-30

364

Interim storage study report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

High-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) in the form of calcine and liquid and liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) will be processed to provide a stable waste form and prepare the waste to be transported to a permanent repository. Because a permanent repository will not be available when the waste is processed, the waste must be stored at ICPP in an Interim Storage Facility (ISF). This report documents consideration of an ISF for each of the waste processing options under consideration.

Rawlins, J.K.

1998-02-01

365

Heat storage device  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A heat storage device is described that is comprised of a closed reservoir within which is positioned a flexible closed container of smaller volume. The flexible container encloses a liquefiable heat-accumulating material; and the reservoir is provided with a heat-transport medium outside of the flexible container. The heat-transport medium always remains in the liquid phase and, upon solidification and shrinkage of the heat-accumulating material, fills the spaces thus formed between the flexible container and the reservoir wall in order to maintain adequate transfer of heat.

Gawron, K.; Mahdjuri, F.; Schroder, J.

1980-09-02

366

Interim storage report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

High-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) in the form of calcine and liquid and liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) will be processed to provide a stable waste form and prepare the waste to be transported to a permanent repository. Because a permanent repository will not be available when the waste is processed, the waste must be stored at ICPP in an Interim Storage Facility (ISF). This report documents consideration of an ISF for each of the waste processing options under consideration

1998-01-01

367

Monitored Retrievable Storage conceptual system study: concrete storage casks  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report presents design concepts and cost estimates for the Monitored Retrievable Storage facility which uses concrete silos for storage. Two separate scenarios are considered: the first is the storage of spent fuel assemblies and the second is the storage of wastes generated during the reprocessing of spent fuel and does not consider spent fuel storage. Two storage options for each scenario were evaluated. One is for maximum throughput of fuel or waste at 1800 MTU/y and a facility storage capacity of 15,000 MTU. The other option is for a maximum throughput of fuel or waste at 3000 MTU/y and a facility storage capacity of 72,000 MTU. The construction and operating costs, as well as the life-cycle costs for both scenarios and both the 1800 and 3000 MTU/y throughput rates are summarized. Drawings defining the facility and equipment that are unique to the silo storage concept are included. 26 figures, 34 tables

1983-01-01

368

ANR storage - a success story  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In only 2 years, ANR Storage has sold 50 billion CF of long-term underground natural gas storage service and another 15 billion CF under short-term contracts. Most of the new storage capacity lies in the depleted gas fields of Michigan's Niagaran reef trend, where the low development costs, superior field performance, and minimal base-gas requirements make such service economically attractive. Via the in-place transmission-pipeline network, ANR's storage customers now serve 15 states, some over 1000 miles from the storage fields. In partnership with Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Co., ANR is now developing the Borchers North storage reservoir in southwestern Kansas, which will have a 35 billion CF working capacity. ANR invested $92.4 million in its Michigan operation; the Kansas project will cost about $73 million.

Cordes, J.F.

1980-11-01

369

Antihypertensive Peptides from Vicilin, the Major Storage Protein of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata (L. R. Wilczek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hypertension is among the leading diseases afflicting humans and the search for cheap and alternative modes of treatment is of primary importance. This study investigated the potential of vicilin, the major storage protein of mung bean, to generate antihypertensive peptides. The total soluble proteins of mung bean var. Pag-asa 7 were extracted using 35 mM potassium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0 containing 0.40 M NaCl. Vicilin (8S globulin was purified by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation, selective precipitation and gel filtration chromatography. Trypsin and chymotrypsin digests of vicilin, for a 24 h period, yielded Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE inhibitory activities of 83.95 and 93.68%, respectively. Both digests were further purified using reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC. RP-HPLC fractions obtained from trypsin digests have IC50 values of 1.325, 1.151 and 1.367 mg mL-1 for T1, T2 and T3, respectively. Meanwhile, RP-HPLC fractions of chymotrypsin digests have IC50 values of 0.826, 0.203, 0.286 and 0.852 mg mL-1 for C1, C2, C3 and C4, respectively. Chymotrypsin was better in releasing more potent ACE inhibitory peptides than trypsin. Therefore, vicilin contains antihypertensive peptides that exhibit angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activities.

M.R.N. Angelia

2012-01-01

370

Storage array reflection considerations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The assumptions used for reflection conditions of single containers are fairly well established and consistently applied throughout the industry in nuclear criticality safety evaluations. Containers are usually considered to be either fully water reflected (i.e., surrounded by 6 to 12 in. of water) for safety calculations or reflected by 1 in. of water for nominal (structural material and air) conditions. Tables and figures are usually available for performing comparative evaluations of containers under various loading conditions. Reflection considerations used for evaluating the safety of storage arrays of fissile material are not as well established. When evaluating arrays, it has become more common for analysts to use calculations to demonstrate the safety of the array configuration. In performing these calculations, the analyst has considerable freedom concerning the assumptions made for modeling the reflection of the array. Considerations are given for the physical layout of the array with little or no discussion (or demonstration) of what conditions are bounded by the assumed reflection conditions. For example, an array may be generically evaluated by placing it in a corner of a room in which the opposing walls are far away. Typically, it is believed that complete flooding of the room is incredible, so the array is evaluated for various levels of water mist interspersed among array containers. This paper discusses some assumptions that are made regarding storage array reflection.

Haire, M.J.; Jordan, W.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Taylor, R.G. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)

1997-12-01

371

Magnetic energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fusion program embraces low loss superconductor strand development with integration into cables capable of carrying 50 kA in pulsed mode at high fields. This evolvement has been paralleled with pulsed energy storage coil development and testing from tens of kJ at low fields to a 20 MJ prototype tokamak induction coil at 7.5 T. Energy transfer times have ranged from 0.7 ms to several seconds. Electric utility magnetic storage for prospective application is for diurnal load leveling with massive systems to store 10 GWh at 1.8 K in a dewar structure supported on bedrock underground. An immediate utility application is a 30 MJ system to be used to damp power oscillations on the Bonneville Power Administration electric transmission lines. An off-shoot of this last work is a new program for electric utility VAR control with the potential for use to suppress subsynchronous resonance. This paper presents work in progress, work planned, and recently completed unusual work

1980-10-02

372

Optical information storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to increase storage capacity and data transfer velocity by about three orders of magnitude compared to CD or magnetic disc it is necessary to work with optical techniques, especially with holography. About 100 TByte can be stored in a waver of an area of 50 cm{sup 2} via holograms which corresponds to a density of 2.10{sup 9} Byte/mm{sup 2}. Every hologram contains data of 1 MByte, so that parallel-processing is possible for read-out. Using high-speed CCD-arrays a read-out velocity of 1 MByte/{mu}sec can be reached. Further, holographic technics are very important in solid state physics. We will discuss the existence of a space charge field in Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} doped with cerium and the physical properties of metastable states, which are suited for information storage. (author) 19 figs., 9 refs.

Woike, T. [Koeln Univ., Inst. fuer Kristallography, Koeln (Germany)

1996-11-01

373

Flywheel energy storage workshop  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Since the November 1993 Flywheel Workshop, there has been a major surge of interest in Flywheel Energy Storage. Numerous flywheel programs have been funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), by the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Hybrid Vehicle Program, and by private investment. Several new prototype systems have been built and are being tested. The operational performance characteristics of flywheel energy storage are being recognized as attractive for a number of potential applications. Programs are underway to develop flywheels for cars, buses, boats, trains, satellites, and for electric utility applications such as power quality, uninterruptible power supplies, and load leveling. With the tremendous amount of flywheel activity during the last two years, this workshop should again provide an excellent opportunity for presentation of new information. This workshop is jointly sponsored by ARPA and DOE to provide a review of the status of current flywheel programs and to provide a forum for presentation of new flywheel technology. Technology areas of interest include flywheel applications, flywheel systems, design, materials, fabrication, assembly, safety & containment, ball bearings, magnetic bearings, motor/generators, power electronics, mounting systems, test procedures, and systems integration. Information from the workshop will help guide ARPA & DOE planning for future flywheel programs. This document is comprised of detailed viewgraphs.

O`Kain, D.; Carmack, J. [comps.

1995-12-31

374

Gas hydrate cool storage system  

Science.gov (United States)

The invention presented relates to the development of a process utilizing a gas hydrate as a cool storage medium for alleviating electric load demands during peak usage periods. Several objectives of the invention are mentioned concerning the formation of the gas hydrate as storage material in a thermal energy storage system within a heat pump cycle system. The gas hydrate was formed using a refrigerant in water and an example with R-12 refrigerant is included. (BCS)

Ternes, M.P.; Kedl, R.J.

1984-09-12

375

Energy conservation and storage systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In response to increasing electrical energy costs and the desire for better land management, thermal storage technology has recently been developed. Storage of thermal energy in the form of sensible and latent heat has become an important aspect of energy management with the emphasis on efficient use and conservation of the waste heat and solar energy in industry and buildings. Thermal storage has been characterized as a kind of thermal battery. (author)

Demirbas, A.

2002-07-01

376

Bulk pesticide storage - state perspective  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

State bulk pesticide storage regulations continue to evolve differentially due, in large part, to the absence of federal regulations. This is about to change because of the pending promulgation of 40 CFR Part 165, as amended in 1988 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules regarding storage, handling and disposal. Until final adoption of the rules by EPA, states continue to address bulk pesticide storage and handling according to individual state statute, rules and guidelines.

Buzicky, G.

1994-12-31

377

Storage Phosphors for Medical Imaging  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Computed radiography (CR) uses storage phosphor imaging plates for digital imaging. Absorbed X-ray energy is stored in crystal defects. In read-out the energy is set free as blue photons upon optical stimulation. In the 35 years of CR history, several storage phosphor families were investigated and developed. An explanation is given as to why some materials made it to the commercial stage, while others did not. The photo stimulated luminescence mechanism of the current commercial storage phos...

Paul Leblans; Dirk Vandenbroucke; Peter Willems

2011-01-01

378

Energy storage system and method  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An energy storage system of increased conductivity for enhanced receipt, capture, storage, removal and release of energy is provided by dispersing finely divided filaments of highly conductive material throughout chemical energy storage media and causing the conductive filaments to establish a myriad network of highly conductive paths in contact with substantially the entirety of the media and energy exchangers devised to add energy to and remove energy from the media via the conductive paths.

Alspaugh, T.R.

1982-07-27

379

Electrochemical hydrogen Storage Systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As the global need for energy increases, scientists and engineers have found a possible solution by using hydrogen to power our world. Although hydrogen can be combusted as a fuel, it is considered an energy carrier for use in fuel cells wherein it is consumed (oxidized) without the production of greenhouse gases and produces electrical energy with high efficiency. Chemical storage of hydrogen involves release of hydrogen in a controlled manner from materials in which the hydrogen is covalently bound. Sodium borohydride and aminoborane are two materials given consideration as chemical hydrogen storage materials by the US Department of Energy. A very significant barrier to adoption of these materials as hydrogen carriers is their regeneration from 'spent fuel,' i.e., the material remaining after discharge of hydrogen. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage, and this work stems from that project. The DOE has identified boron hydrides as being the main compounds of interest as hydrogen storage materials. The various boron hydrides are then oxidized to release their hydrogen, thereby forming a 'spent fuel' in the form of a lower boron hydride or even a boron oxide. The ultimate goal of this project is to take the oxidized boron hydrides as the spent fuel and hydrogenate them back to their original form so they can be used again as a fuel. Thus this research is essentially a boron hydride recycling project. In this report, research directed at regeneration of sodium borohydride and aminoborane is described. For sodium borohydride, electrochemical reduction of boric acid and sodium metaborate (representing spent fuel) in alkaline, aqueous solution has been investigated. Similarly to literature reports (primarily patents), a variety of cathode materials were tried in these experiments. Additionally, approaches directed at overcoming electrostatic repulsion of borate anion from the cathode, not described in the previous literature for electrochemical reduction of spent fuels, have been attempted. A quantitative analytical method for measuring the concentration of sodium borohydride in alkaline aqueous solution has been developed as part of this work and is described herein. Finally, findings from stability tests for sodium borohydride in aqueous solutions of several different compositions are reported. For aminoborane, other research institutes have developed regeneration schemes involving tributyltin hydride. In this report, electrochemical reduction experiments attempting to regenerate tributyltin hydride from tributyltin chloride (a representative by-product of the regeneration scheme) are described. These experiments were performed in the non-aqueous solvents acetonitrile and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. A non-aqueous reference electrode for electrolysis experiments in acetonitrile was developed and is described. One class of boron hydrides, called polyhedral boranes, became of interest to the DOE due to their ability to contain a sufficient amount of hydrogen to meet program goals and because of their physical and chemical safety attributes. Unfortunately, the research performed here has shown that polyhedral boranes do not react in such a way as to allow enough hydrogen to be released, nor do they appear to undergo hydrogenation from the spent fuel form back to the original hydride. After the polyhedral boranes were investigated, the project goals remained the same but the hydrogen storage material was switched by the DOE to ammonia borane. Ammonia borane was found to undergo an irreversible hydrogen release process, so a direct hydrogenation was not able to occur. To achieve the hydrogenation of the spent ammonia borane fuel, an indirect hydrogenation reaction is possible by using compounds called organotin hydrides. In this process, the organotin hydrides will hydrogenate the spent ammonia borane fuel at the cost of their own oxidation, which forms organotin halides. To enable a closed-loop cycle, our task was then to be able to hydrogenate the organotin halides back to th

2010-01-01

380

Electrochemical hydrogen Storage Systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As the global need for energy increases, scientists and engineers have found a possible solution by using hydrogen to power our world. Although hydrogen can be combusted as a fuel, it is considered an energy carrier for use in fuel cells wherein it is consumed (oxidized) without the production of greenhouse gases and produces electrical energy with high efficiency. Chemical storage of hydrogen involves release of hydrogen in a controlled manner from materials in which the hydrogen is covalently bound. Sodium borohydride and aminoborane are two materials given consideration as chemical hydrogen storage materials by the US Department of Energy. A very significant barrier to adoption of these materials as hydrogen carriers is their regeneration from 'spent fuel,' i.e., the material remaining after discharge of hydrogen. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage, and this work stems from that project. The DOE has identified boron hydrides as being the main compounds of interest as hydrogen storage materials. The various boron hydrides are then oxidized to release their hydrogen, thereby forming a 'spent fuel' in the form of a lower boron hydride or even a boron oxide. The ultimate goal of this project is to take the oxidized boron hydrides as the spent fuel and hydrogenate them back to their original form so they can be used again as a fuel. Thus this research is essentially a boron hydride recycling project. In this report, research directed at regeneration of sodium borohydride and aminoborane is described. For sodium borohydride, electrochemical reduction of boric acid and sodium metaborate (representing spent fuel) in alkaline, aqueous solution has been investigated. Similarly to literature reports (primarily patents), a variety of cathode materials were tried in these experiments. Additionally, approaches directed at overcoming electrostatic repulsion of borate anion from the cathode, not described in the previous literature for electrochemical reduction of spent fuels, have been attempted. A quantitative analytical method for measuring the concentration of sodium borohydride in alkaline aqueous solution has been developed as part of this work and is described herein. Finally, findings from stability tests for sodium borohydride in aqueous solutions of several different compositions are reported. For aminoborane, other research institutes have developed regeneration schemes involving tributyltin hydride. In this report, electrochemical reduction experiments attempting to regenerate tributyltin hydride from tributyltin chloride (a representative by-product of the regeneration scheme) are described. These experiments were performed in the non-aqueous solvents acetonitrile and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. A non-aqueous reference electrode for electrolysis experiments in acetonitrile was developed and is described. One class of boron hydrides, called polyhedral boranes, became of interest to the DOE due to their ability to contain a sufficient amount of hydrogen to meet program goals and because of their physical and chemical safety attributes. Unfortunately, the research performed here has shown that polyhedral boranes do not react in such a way as to allow enough hydrogen to be released, nor do they appear to undergo hydrogenation from the spent fuel form back to the original hydride. After the polyhedral boranes were investigated, the project goals remained the same but the hydrogen storage material was switched by the DOE to ammonia borane. Ammonia borane was found to undergo an irreversible hydrogen release process, so a direct hydrogenation was not able to occur. To achieve the hydrogenation of the spent ammonia borane fuel, an indirect hydrogenation reaction is possible by using compounds called organotin hydrides. In this process, the organotin hydrides will hydrogenate the spent ammonia borane fuel at the cost of their own oxidation, which forms organotin halides. To enable a closed-loop cycle, our task was then to be able to hydrogenate the organoti

Dr. Digby Macdonald

2010-08-09

 
 
 
 
381

Improving wind power quality with energy storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The results of simulation of the influence of energy storage on wind power quality are presented. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of wind power at all times...

2009-01-01

382

Improving wind power quality with energy storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The results of simulation of the influence of energy storage on wind power quality are presented. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of wind power at all times...

2011-01-01

383

Combining wind power with energy storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The results from simulation of the influence of energy storage on the general quality of wind energy are presented here. Simulations are done using a mathematical model of energy storage. Results show the relation between storage power and energy, and the obtained increase in minimum available power from the combination of wind and storage. The introduction of storage enables smoothening of wind power on a timescale proportional to the storage energy. Storage does not provide availability of ...

2009-01-01

384

The Fermilab data storage infrastructure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fermilab, in collaboration with the DESY laboratory in Hamburg, Germany, has created a petabyte scale data storage infrastructure to meet the requirements of experiments to store and access large data sets. The Fermilab data storage infrastructure consists of the following major storage and data transfer components: Enstore mass storage system, DCache distributed data cache, ftp and Grid ftp for primarily external data transfers. This infrastructure provides a data throughput sufficient for transferring data from experiments' data acquisition systems. It also allows access to data in the Grid framework.

Jon A Bakken et al.

2003-02-06

385

A Survey on Cloud Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As interest in the cloud increases, there has been a lot of talk about the maturity and trustworthiness of cloud storage technologies. Is it still hype or is it real? Many end-users and IT managers are getting very excited about the potential benefits of cloud storage, such as being able to store and manipulate data in the cloud and capitalizing on the promise of higher-performance, more scalable, and cheaper storage. In this paper, we present a typical Cloud Storage system architecture, a re...

Ju, Jiehui; Wu, Jiyi; Fu, Jianqing; Lin, Zhijie

2011-01-01

386

Chit-based Remote Storage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose a model for reliable remote storage founded on contract law. Consumers submit their bits to storage providers in exchange for a chit. A chit is a cryptographically secure, verifiable contract between a consumer and the storage provider. A user can use the chit to request the bits from the provider. In return, the provider must be able to supply the chit's bits to the user according to the terms of the chit. If the storage provider cannot supply the bits, then the provider must pay ...

2010-01-01

387

HTGR spent fuel storage study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report documents a study of alternate methods of storing high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) spent fuel. General requirements and design considerations are defined for a storage facility integral to a fuel recycle plant. Requirements for stand-alone storage are briefly considered. Three alternate water-cooled storage conceptual designs (plug well, portable well, and monolith) are considered and compared to a previous air-cooled design. A concept using portable storage wells in racks appears to be the most favorable, subject to seismic analysis and economic evaluation verification

1979-01-01

388

Lithium storage in carbon nanostructures  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this review article we discuss the progress of lithium storage in different carbon forms starting from intercalation in graphite to the lithium storage in fullerenes, nanotubes, diamond and most recently, graphene. The recent advances in lithium storage in various novel morphological variants of carbons prepared by a variety of techniques are also discussed with the most important models in literature that have been set out to explain the excess lithium storage. The major emphasis lies on the real structure. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

Kaskhedikar, Nitin A.; Maier, Joachim [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany)

2009-07-13

389

Bulk storage of hydrogen systems  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A synopsis of some existing and potential methods of bulk hydrogen storage were presented, including liquid, salt cavern and depleted natural gas (NG) reservoir storage. These were examined within the context of a case study of a particular geographic and industrial region, namely southwestern Ontario. Reviews of some of the area`s geological features, apparently favourable for underground hydrogen storage systems development, and the hydrogen economy of the city of Sarnia, were featured. A cost model was developed to evaluate potential industrial hydrogen storage system scenarios within the region. 5 tabs., 4 figs.

Venter, R.D.; Pucher, G.; Boyes, A. [Toronto Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1994-12-31

390

Spent fuel storage - dry storage options and issues  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The increase in the number of nuclear energy power generation facilities will require the ability to store the spent nuclear fuel for a long period until the host countries develop reprocessing or disposal options. Plants have storage pools which are closely associated with the operating units. These are excellent for short term storage, but require active maintenance and operations support which are not desirable for the long term. Over the past 25 years, dry storage options have been developed and implemented throughout the world. In recent years, protection against terrorist attack has become an increasing source of design objectives for these facilities, as well as the main nuclear plant. This paper explores the current design options of dry storage cask systems and examines some of the current design issues for above ground , in-ground, or below-ground storage of spent fuel in dry casks. (author)

2007-09-10

391

A condensate storage ring  

CERN Multimedia

We experimentally investigate the behavior of cold atomic clouds and condensates released from the top of a vertically-oriented 10cm diameter magnetic storage ring. The ring's atom number, vacuum lifetime and area are orders of magnitude larger than in previously reported experiments. As the initial atomic temperature is decreased, an increasingly large fraction of atoms is lost from the ring due to Majorana spin-flip transitions. We have `plugged' this atomic leak by applying an adjustable azimuthal magnetic field. Without this field condensates vanish before one revolution, but with a 10G field multiple revolutions are possible with negligible atomic loss, in good agreement with a simple one-dimensional model.

Arnold, A S; Riis, E

2005-01-01

392

Storage envelopes or sleeves  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A storage envelope or sleeve particularly for processed X-ray films is described. It consists of front and back panels joined together at a hinge line and connected along the intermediate sides by connecting flaps. An inner pocket is formed from a third flap which is folded to lie against the inner face of the back panel. The panels may have additional score lines parallel to the closed sides of the envelope and the inner pocket so that the envelope and the inner pocket can accommodate bulky contents. The free edge of the pocket is inset from the open side of the envelope, and finger cut-outs may be provided to facilitate access to the contents of the envelope and the pocket. (author)

1980-01-01

393

Ice storage system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The design and operation of JCPenney`s ice storage system takes conversion and/or addition of future controls and equipment into consideration. JCPenney began the conceptualization for its new Home Office in December 1988. After the analysis of a myriad of building styles, configurations, accommodations, services, and population, the construction documents phase began in March 1989 and was completed in October 1990. During this time period, the industry was in a quandary regarding the future of refrigerants and indoor air quality. This article will discuss the provisions that were made for unforeseen legislation; however, the concepts and efficiencies of the central plant and VAV systems were maintained with flexibility for conversion and/or addition of future controls and equipment.

Bartlett, T.A.; Froebe, R. [JCPenney Co. Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-04-01

394

Superconducting energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the status of energy storage involving superconductors and assesses what impact the recently discovered ceramic superconductors may have on the design of these devices. Our description is intended for R&D managers in government, electric utilities, firms, and national laboratories who wish an overview of what has been done and what remains to be done. It is assumed that the reader is acquainted with superconductivity, but not an expert on the topics discussed here. Indeed, it is the author`s aim to enable the reader to better understand the experts who may ask for the reader`s attention, support, or funding. This report may also inform scientists and engineers who, though expert in related areas, wish to have an introduction to our topic.

Giese, R.F.

1993-10-01

395

Electrochemical storage cell  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Electrochemical storage cell with liquid sodium anode and liquid sulfur cathode disposed in a multiplicity of parallel-connected anode and cathode spaces in a part made of a ceramic, ion-conducting solid electrolyte material. The solid electrolyte part comprises profiled ceramic plates which have been sintered together and form mutually parallel channels with thin partitioning walls. The anode spaces formed by the channels are open at the upper end and closed at the opposite end, and the upper ends communicate with a sodium supply. The cathode spaces are open at the upper and lower ends and communicate with a sulfur and cell reaction products supply. Metallic collectors are sunk into the cathode spaces.

von Alpen, U.; Krauth, A.

1984-01-03

396

Reversible hydrogen storage materials  

Science.gov (United States)

In accordance with the present disclosure, a process for synthesis of a complex hydride material for hydrogen storage is provided. The process includes mixing a borohydride with at least one additive agent and at least one catalyst and heating the mixture at a temperature of less than about 600.degree. C. and a pressure of H.sub.2 gas to form a complex hydride material. The complex hydride material comprises MAl.sub.xB.sub.yH.sub.z, wherein M is an alkali metal or group IIA metal, Al is the element aluminum, x is any number from 0 to 1, B is the element boron, y is a number from 0 to 13, and z is a number from 4 to 57 with the additive agent and catalyst still being present. The complex hydride material is capable of cyclic dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation and has a hydrogen capacity of at least about 4 weight percent.

Ritter, James A. (Lexington, SC); Wang, Tao (Columbia, SC); Ebner, Armin D. (Lexington, SC); Holland, Charles E. (Cayce, SC)

2012-04-10

397

Saskatchewan PCB storage regulations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Regulatory requirements in Saskatchewan for PCB storage, transportation, and waste treatment/disposal were reviewed, and the present situation with respect to treatment of PCB wastes was briefly sketched. In essence, all high level PCB wastes are stored in expectation of the completion of disposal trials at the Swan Hills facility in Alberta. There is one fixed facility in the province for treating low level PCB-contaminated mineral oil. There are also some mobile facilities for low level PCB wastes. These facilities are allowed to accept for treatment low level PC