WorldWideScience
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Association between the social and communication impairments and repetitive/restricted interests and behaviours of ASD in a clinical sample: Does the triad still fit?  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally defined disorder characterised by impairments in three domains of social interaction, communication, and repetitive/restricted interests and behaviours (DSM-IV-TR; APA, 2000; ICD-10; WHO, 1992). Recent research suggests that this diagnostic triad may no longer fit as the best way to conceptualise ASD. Although not due for publication until 2013, a proposed revision of autistic disorder for DSM-V has merged three do...

Kuenssberg, Renate Katherine Von

2012-01-01

2

Social approach and repetitive behavior in eleven inbred mouse strains.  

Science.gov (United States)

Core symptoms of autism include deficits in social interaction, impaired communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviors. The repetitive behavior domain encompasses abnormal motoric stereotypy, an inflexible insistence on sameness, and resistance to change. In recent years, many genetic mouse models of autism and related disorders have been developed, based on candidate genes for disease susceptibility. The present studies are part of an ongoing initiative to develop appropriate behavioral tasks for the evaluation of mouse models relevant to autism. We have previously reported profiles for sociability, preference for social novelty, and resistance to changes in a learned pattern of behavior, as well as other functional domains, for 10 inbred mouse strains of divergent genetic backgrounds. The present studies extend this multi-component behavioral characterization to several additional strains: C58/J, NOD/LtJ, NZB/B1NJ, PL/J, SJL/J, SWR/J, and the wild-derived PERA/EiJ. C58/J, NOD/LtJ, NZB/B1NJ, SJL/J, and PERA/EiJ demonstrated low sociability, measured by time spent in proximity to an unfamiliar conspecific, with 30-60% of mice from these strains showing social avoidance. In the Morris water maze, NZB/B1NJ had a persistent bias for the quadrant where the hidden platform was located during acquisition, even after 9 days of reversal training. A particularly interesting profile was found for C58/J, which had low social preference, poor performance in the T-maze, and overt motoric stereotypy. Overall, this set of tasks and observational methods provides a strategy for evaluating novel mouse models in behavioral domains relevant to the autism phenotype. PMID:18440079

Moy, Sheryl S; Nadler, Jessica J; Young, Nancy B; Nonneman, Randal J; Segall, Samantha K; Andrade, Gabriela M; Crawley, Jacqueline N; Magnuson, Terry R

2008-08-01

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Relationship among Challenging, Repetitive, and Communicative Behaviors in Children with Severe Intellectual Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

We used experimental and descriptive functional analyses and lag sequential analyses to examine the functional and temporal relationship among the self-injurious (SIB), potentially injurious, repetitive, challenging, and pragmatic communicative behaviors of 6 children with intellectual disabilities. Functional analyses revealed social function for…

Petty, Jane; Allen, Debbie; Oliver, Chris

2009-01-01

4

Social communication deficits: Specific associations with Social Anxiety Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Social communication deficits are prevalent amongst children with anxiety disorders; however whether they are over-represented specifically among children with Social Anxiety Disorder has not been examined. This study set out to examine social communication deficits among children with Social Anxiety Disorder in comparison to children with other forms of anxiety disorder. Methods Parents of 404 children with a diagnosed anxiety disorder completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., 2003. The Social Communication Questionnaire – Manual. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA). Children with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (n=262) and anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder (n=142) were compared on SCQ total and subscale scores and the frequency of participants scoring above clinical cut-offs. Results Children with Social Anxiety Disorder scored significantly higher than anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder on the SCQ total (t(352)=4.85, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), Reciprocal Social Interaction (t(351)=4.73, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), communication (t(344)=3.62, p<.001, d=.43, r=.21) and repetitive, restrictive and stereotyped behaviors subscales (t(353)=3.15, p=.002, d=.37, r=.18). Furthermore, children with Social Anxiety Disorder were three times more likely to score above clinical cut-offs. Limitations The participants were a relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. The social communication difficulties measure relied on parental report which could be influenced by extraneous factors. Conclusions Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder may benefit from a specific focus on developing social communication skills. Future research using objective assessments of underlying social communication skills is required. PMID:25451393

Halls, Georgia; Cooper, Peter J.; Creswell, Cathy

2015-01-01

5

Communication about social status.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in social species and serve to organize social systems. Social and sexual status is communicated directly among animals via sensory systems evolved in the particular species. Such signals may be chemical, visual, auditory, postural or a combination of signals. In most species, status is initially established through physical conflict between individuals that leads to ritualized conflict or threats, reducing possibly dangerous results of fighting. Many of the status signals contain other information, as in some bird species that communicate both the size of their group and their individual rank vocally. Recent studies have shown that scent signaling among hyenas of east Africa is unique, being produced by fermentative, odor producing bacteria residing in the scent glands. PMID:24793315

Fernald, Russell D

2014-10-01

6

Technology and social communication  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For centuries advances in what we now term media have generated concerns about the effect these advances have on values and morality-books, stage drama, movies, TV, and now computer-based fantasy and Internet-based distribution. These media comprise some of the most powerful agents for developing our fundamental strategies for living. Computer-based fantasy can provide waves of sensations that everyday life does not prepare us for; they create a wow effect. The implications are especially, strong for adolescents. Wow effects come to seem ordinary. We can easily overdose on them with a subsequent dulling of sensibility that motivates one to seek the next level. As the wow effect is numbed, socializing restrictions break down. A psychological strategy of distancing is one defense against enhanced imagery - a strategy of cool as antidote. The wow-cool dipole can foster a role as spectator that inhibits empathy and a fundamental distancing from the self. Technology - the source of our concerns-can also help to counteract them. The most powerful drive in children is to learn mastery of the world. New input and output devices and especially properly designed software can enhance the capacity to learn and to be creative, i.e. to gain mastery over the world. These powerful new modes of communication not only give us great access to the world, they give the world great access to us. We must supplant what is now mostly a passive broadcast system with interactive exploration and two-way communication.

Moore, G.A.

1996-12-31

7

Passing crisis and emergency risk communications: the effects of communication channel, information type, and repetition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three experiments explore several factors which influence information transmission when warning messages are passed from person to person. In Experiment 1, messages were passed down chains of participants using five different modes of communication. Written communication channels resulted in more accurate message transmission than verbal. In addition, some elements of the message endured further down the chain than others. Experiment 2 largely replicated these effects and also demonstrated that simple repetition of a message eliminated differences between written and spoken communication. In a final field experiment, chains of participants passed information however they wanted to, with the proviso that half of the chains could not use telephones. Here, the lack of ability to use a telephone did not affect accuracy, but did slow down the speed of transmission from the recipient of the message to the last person in the chain. Implications of the findings for crisis and emergency risk communication are discussed. PMID:25683552

Edworthy, Judy; Hellier, Elizabeth; Newbold, Lex; Titchener, Kirsteen

2015-05-01

8

Corporate Communication and Social Media  

OpenAIRE

This project aims to explore the changes social media platforms have generated onto corporate communication. Exploring the notion of dialogue in relation to various dialogic theories, social media theory, and corporate communication will provide an answer to this, as the respective theories and concepts provide different perspectives. The analysis is anchored in a case study of Danske Bank and Call me, since they represent two well-established organizations on Facebook. It is concluded tha...

Serup, Liv; Laursen, Stine; Sandgreen, Michael; Trougaard, Victor; Lind, Line; Hansen, Camilla

2012-01-01

9

Social media as communicative genres  

OpenAIRE

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I ...

Stine Lomborg

2011-01-01

10

Social Promotion or Grade Repetition: What's Best for the 21st Century Student?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper investigates the issue of social promotion and grade repetition. The first section of the literature review examines research from the past 30 to 40 years which looks at the negative and positive effects of grade repetition. Next, recent studies are examined from the late twentieth and the twenty-first century which questions the…

Hernandez-Tutop, Jeanne

2012-01-01

11

[Communicating research with social media].  

Science.gov (United States)

Participation is the new keyword of communication. In the scientific field, communication is a very complex task that can't ignore the careful consideration of the target audience. To minimize the difficulties, it is useful to rely on storytelling: it can greatly benefit from the space offered by social media that can be used to raise awareness and to engage through the sharing of experiences. The marriage between scientific research and social media can take place, as long as you carefully reflect on the roles, strategies and appropriate tools. PMID:25229757

Bennato, Davide

2014-09-01

12

Social media as communicative genres  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I suggest that social media might be seen as particularly dynamic genres, subject to continuous disruption and uncertainty,owing to their deinstitutionalised and participatory character, and the shifting roles of producers and recipients in the networks and conversations that make up social media content.

Stine Lomborg

2011-12-01

13

Unsolicited Communication in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article discusses whether commercial communication in social media is covered by the European opt in-model concerning unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing purposes found in the directive on privacy and electronic communications (2002/58). It is concluded that messages in social media – in contrast to news feeds and advertisements – may be characterised as electronic mail. However, the EU provisions on unsolicited electronic mail is found in the regulatory framework for telecommunication which as a starting point does not regulate web-based content such as social media services. The ban on unsolicited electronic mail does not apply to messaging systems in social media unless the system gives access to sending traditional e-mail. Until 12 June 2013, Member States could – in national law – uphold a broader definition of electronic mail in the light of the minimum harmonisation found in the distance selling directive (1997/7). Now, the use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes in social media must be assessed in accordance with the full harmonisation in the unfair commercial practices directive (2005/29). This directive does not contain a ban on »unsolicited« but »unwanted« solicitations by e-mail and other remote media – i.e. an opt-out solution. The development in platforms such as Facebook shows that such social media services are also used by businesses to communicate and interact with their »fans«. This article discusses the application of the European spam-provisions in the context of social media. In that vein it is important to understand both the definition of electronic mail and the scope of application of the regulatory framework for telecommunication in which the ban is found. The Nordic Consumer Ombudsmen approached EU Commissioner John Dalli on 3 May 2012 with a view to encourage discussions on whether the defi nition of electronic mail set out in the directive on privacy and electronic communications1 is up-to-date. The letter was sent in connection to the publishing of a common Nordic position paper on marketing in social media. The preceding discussions among the consumer ombudsmen questioned inter alia whether unsolicited commercial communications sent to users’ news feeds should be considered electronic mail or other un-solicited communications for the purposes of direct marketing. This and other related questions are dealt with in this article.

Trzaskowski, Jan

2014-01-01

14

Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching behaviors of 64 elementary preservice teachers (PSTs who taught the same social studies lessons to small groups of 4th-grade students four times in succession. PST reflection journals from all PSTs, observational transcripts of 14 teaching pairs, focus group interviews with the PSTs, and informal cooperating teacher interviews revealed that the PSTs’ lessons changed over the four successive teaching episodes. The PSTs became more comfortable and confident after teaching the same social studies lesson multiple times. PSTs also reported that their lessons became better, yet the qualitative data revealed that even though their teaching became more efficient and student work correctness improved, only a few PSTs increased the cognitive demand of their questions and activities. Nonetheless, most PSTs demonstrated increased use of social studies pedagogical content knowledge through their examples and discussions, as well as increased attention to student thinking. Repeated practice field experiences seem to hold potential for elementary PSTs to develop their use ofsocial studies pedagogical content knowledge

Derek L. ANDERSON

2012-11-01

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Professionally Social Using social media for professional research communication  

OpenAIRE

In this short article, I will discuss what I consider the important characteristics, opportunities and challenges offered by social media when used for professional communication purposes. The insights – or perhaps rather points of discussion - put forth here are based on my own experiences as practicing social media communicator and Danish research blogger, as well as on my general research into the use of social media for professional communication purposes, by for instance Danish politic...

Lisbeth Klarstrup

2012-01-01

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CSR communication through online social media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Online social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become essential channels in business strategies. Corporate Social Responsibility communication faces new challenges in these spaces of the Web 2.0, where companies can interact with users, generate a brand community, increase their visibility, and strengthen their position in the market. This research study aims to analyse the way companies use the major online social media to communicate their Corporate Social Responsibility programmes. The methodology involves the examination of the presence in online social platforms and the online corporate reputation of ten companies/brands. The results show that companies use these spaces as channels for business and advertising communication, but not so much for Corporate Social Responsibility communication, despite these social media offer many possibilities for interaction and dialogue.

Araceli Castelló-Martínez, Ph.D.

2012-01-01

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Communicating with farmers through social networks  

OpenAIRE

Low adoption of productive agricultural technologies is a puzzle. Agricultural extension services rely on external agents to communicate with farmers, although social networks are known to be the most credible source of information about new technologies. We conduct a large-scale field experiment on communication strategies in which extension workers are partnered with different members of social networks. We show that communicator actions and effort are susceptible to small performance incen...

Benyishay, Ariel; Mobarak, A. Mushfiq

2013-01-01

18

Social communication and discrimination: A video experiment  

OpenAIRE

We report on an experiment using video technology to manipulate pre-play communication protocols in the lab and to study purely social effects of communication on donations and discrimination between potential receivers. The experimental design eliminates strategic factors by allowing two receivers to unilaterally communicate with an anonymous dictator before the latter decides on her gifts. Through the use of three communication setups (none, audio, and audio-visual) we show and analyze the ...

Greiner, Ben; Gu?th, Werner; Zultan, Ro I.

2010-01-01

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Social Communication Impairs Working-Memory Performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

Performance on working-memory tests is frequently used in experimental psychology and neuroscience, as well as in neuropsychological testing and clinical screening. It can be strongly affected by the social context and the communication style of the experimenter. We tested this hypothesis in two experiments, examining standardized neuropsychological working-memory tests in different social communication contexts. Our results show that the more ostensive communication context (eye contact, exaggerated intonation contours) impairs working-memory performance. These results draw attention to the fact that the communication style of the examiner could have a robust effect on working-memory performance and could even modify clinical diagnosis. PMID:23445454

Nemeth, Dezso; Turcsik, Adam Balint; Farkas, Gabriella; Janacsek, Karolina

2013-02-27

20

Environmental supports to enhance social-communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

"Environmental support" is a general term used to define the systematic use of explicit visual and/or social cues to clarify meaning for children with autism. Environmental supports can serve as a compensatory means to structure and enhance language understanding, social engagement, and social-communicative interactions. The unique and atypical developmental patterns associated with autism provide the rationale for the use of two environmental supports: visually cued instruction and modified sociolinguistic input. Using empirical research, multiple examples of environmental supports to enhance social-communication are provided. PMID:9857395

Quill, K A

1998-01-01

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Socialization and nonverbal communication in atypically developing infants and toddlers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Emphasis on early identification of atypical development has increased as evidence supporting the efficacy of intervention has grown. These increases have also directly affected the availability of funding and providers of early intervention services. A majority of research has focused on interventions specific to an individual's primary diagnoses. For example, interventions for those with cerebral palsy (CP) have traditionally focused on physiological symptoms, while intervention for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on socialization, communication, and restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. However deficits in areas other than those related to their primary diagnoses (e.g., communication, adaptive behaviors, and social skills) are prevalent in atypically developing populations and are significant predictors of quality of life. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine impairments in socialization and nonverbal communication in individuals with Down's syndrome (DS), CP, and those with CP and comorbid ASD. Individuals with comorbid CP and ASD exhibited significantly greater impairments than any diagnostic group alone. However, individuals with CP also exhibited significantly greater impairments than those with DS. The implications of these results are discussed. PMID:25200676

Konst, Matthew J; Matson, Johnny L; Goldin, Rachel L; Williams, Lindsey W

2014-12-01

22

Autopoiesis and socialization: on Luhmann's reconceptualization of communication and socialization.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1984, Niklas Luhmann published Soziale Systeme in which he applies the idea of autopoiesis (= self-production) to social systems. Abstracted from its biological connotations, the concept of autopoiesis leads to a sharp distinction between different kinds of autopoietic organization, i.e. between life, consciousness and communication. According to Luhmann, the relationship between social systems and human beings cannot be adequately analysed except by taking into account that they are environments for one another. If this theoretical background is accepted, the concepts and theory of socialization need to be revised. Luhmann takes issues with classical notions such as internalization, inculcation, or 'socialization to the grounds of consensus' (Talcott Parsons). After a historical overview of social systems research and general systems theory, it is indicated how communications trigger further communications and realize the autopoiesis of social systems. In the second part of the article, the distinction between social systems and psychic systems is used to discuss issues crucial to socialization theory. Both a revision of the concept of socialization, and lines for an empirical research programme are proposed in accordance with Luhmann's theory of social systems. PMID:11038137

Vanderstraeten, R

2000-09-01

23

Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility – Brand management  

OpenAIRE

Corporate action is subject to more scrutiny than ever. An attempt to legitimize the corporate role is seen in corporate social responsibility as a part of a triple bottom line framework. Corporate principles are communicated in various forms to a wide set of stakeholders. Ideally, what is communicated in terms of principles is also seen in business practice. In cases where the principles and actions differ, the platform for creating a brand territory is limited. The communication platf...

Mark-herbert, Cecilia; Von Schantz, Carolina

2007-01-01

24

Dialogical communication and empowering social work practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

How to succeed in facilitating for empowering processes within social work practice is a central topic in both theoretical discussions and regarding its principles in practice. With a particular focus on how dialogical communication can play a part in order to practice empowering social work, through this text the author frames HUSK as a project facilitating the underpinning humanistic approaches in social work. Dialogical communication and its philosophical base is presented and recognized as a means to achieve empowering social work as well as highlighting the importance of the humanistic approach. The author also underscores how HUSK projects in themselves were enabled because of the required collaboration between service users, professionals, and researchers that signified HUSK. This is pinpointed as having potential for a future research agenda as well as pointing at how the outcomes of the projects may impact future social work practice when the goal is to conduct empowering social work. PMID:25662084

Natland, Sidsel

2015-01-01

25

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

OpenAIRE

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that thi...

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-leys, Jon

2010-01-01

26

Psycho-social impacts of virtual communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emergence and spread of Internet communication has led to changes in social relationships, abuse of the Internet and maladaptive behavior. Among the authors who have studied the impact of these changes there is no consensus, and the results of their research are often contradictory. Some authors conclude that Internet communication strengthens networks of its users, while others believe that such communication leads to reduced participation in real social life. In a number of people, excessive use of the Internet adversely affects the mental health and social life and can lead to obsession at the expense of other aspects of life and creating addiction. The greatest risk of negative impacts of online communication is among children and young people. This paper is meant to indicate, the good sides as well as the negative consequences of excessive and non-functional Internet use

Macura Rajko

2011-01-01

27

Social network analysis and dual rover communications  

Science.gov (United States)

Social network analysis (SNA) refers to the collection of techniques, tools, and methods used in sociometry aiming at the analysis of social networks to investigate decision making, group communication, and the distribution of information. Human factors engineers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducted a social network analysis on communication data collected during a 14-day field study operating a dual rover exploration mission to better understand the relationships between certain network groups such as ground control, flight teams, and planetary science. The analysis identified two communication network structures for the continuous communication and Twice-a-Day Communication scenarios as a split network and negotiated network respectfully. The major nodes or groups for the networks' architecture, transmittal status, and information were identified using graphical network mapping, quantitative analysis of subjective impressions, and quantified statistical analysis using Sociometric Statue and Centrality. Post-questionnaire analysis along with interviews revealed advantages and disadvantages of each network structure with team members identifying the need for a more stable continuous communication network, improved robustness of voice loops, and better systems training/capabilities for scientific imagery data and operational data during Twice-a-Day Communications.

Litaker, Harry L.; Howard, Robert L.

2013-10-01

28

Social networks: communication and change  

OpenAIRE

Virtual social networks have brought about the possibility for open and plural debate, where all those with the necessary literacy skills and means are able to participate in the creation and dissemination of information. By pressing political agents and determining the “agenda” of a lot of the media, users demonstrate that we stand at an ideal platform for creating both real social movements and more or less fleeting events, as manifestos or virtual campaigns. Nonetheless, in order to u...

Gustavo Cardoso; Cláudia Lamy

2011-01-01

29

Communication dynamics in finite capacity social networks  

OpenAIRE

In communication networks structure and dynamics are tightly coupled. The structure controls the flow of information and is itself shaped by the dynamical process of information exchanged between nodes. In order to reconcile structure and dynamics, a generic model, based on the local interaction between nodes, is considered for the communication in large social networks. In agreement with data from a large human organization, we show that the flow is non-Markovian and contro...

Haerter, Jan O.; Jamtveit, Bjorn; Mathiesen, Joachim

2012-01-01

30

The building blocks of social communication  

OpenAIRE

In the present review, social communication will be discussed in the context of social cognition, and cold and hot cognition. The review presents research on prosody, processing of faces, multimodal processing of voice and face, and the impact of emotion on constructing semantic meaning. Since the focus of this mini review is on brain processes involved in these cognitive functions, the bulk of evidence presented will be from event related potential (ERP) studies as this met...

Niznikiewicz, Margaret A.

2013-01-01

31

Social Communication Features in Children following Moderate to Severe Acquired Brain Injury: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

We compared the social communication deficits of children with moderate to severe acquired brain injury or autism spectrum disorder, while accounting for the role of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Parents of 20 children aged 6 to 10 years (10 acquired brain injury; 10 autism spectrum disorder) completed the Social Communication Questionnaire, and Conners 3 Parent Short. A multivariate analysis of covariance revealed significant differences between groups in Social Communication Questionnaire restricted repetitive behavior scores, but not reciprocal social interaction or social communication. Multiple linear regressions indicated diagnosis did not predict reciprocal social interaction or social communication scores and that Conners 3 Parent Short Form hyperactivity scores were the strongest predictor of Social Communication Questionnaire reciprocal social interaction scores after accounting for age and Intelligence Quotient. The lack of difference in social communication deficits between groups may help in understanding the pathophysiology underlying the behavioral consequences of acquired brain injury. The link between hyperactivity and reciprocal interaction suggests that targeting hyperactivity may improve social outcomes in children following acquired brain injury. PMID:24659736

Breau, Lynn M; Clark, Brenda; Scott, Ori; Wilkes, Courtney; Reynolds, Shawn; Ricci, Florencia; Sonnenberg, Lyn; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Rashid, Marghalara; Goez, Helly R

2015-04-01

32

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

OpenAIRE

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optima...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Houmansadr, Amir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

33

The Communications of Corporate Social Responsability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper present the role and interaction between communication and Corporate Social Responsibility, strengtheningin the same time that communication it is a key factor to begin and keep a proper Sustainable Development strategy. The importance of communication is essential, taking in consideration the awareness in the interior and in the exterior of organization strategy, ethical, ecological and socio-economical objectives, since information regarding the impact of the company’s activities, products and services as well as regarding the impacts of changes that can supervene in time, can only be provided in this way. Since there are many ways to communicate regarding the actions of CSR, it is important to know what kind of messages and ideas can resonate with a certain audience, considering the stage in which the ISO 26000 standard’s development stands.

Mihaela Bucur

2011-06-01

34

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

Science.gov (United States)

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research. PMID:21691444

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

35

Learning about social psychology by researching on computer mediated communication  

OpenAIRE

The teaching of social psychology for Social Communication students can be an excellent opportunity to engage them in field research work. This is a way of providing the knowledge and the experience about how investigation is made in social sciences as well as developing the interest and the competencies for the scientific inquiry. The domain of Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) can be the stage for the study of diverse social cognitive phenomena like social representations, social cat...

Xavier, Paulo; Cabecinhas, Rosa

2000-01-01

36

Social media in public diplomacy : survey on the social media communication of the Finnish missions abroad  

OpenAIRE

Today, social media is changing the way people communicate by giving the influence to the hands of the people. For organizations, it means that the issues of stakeholders are the focus of the communication, not the organizations. The question no longer is whether to use social media in public relations, but how to use it. In this research the social media communication of the Finnish missions abroad is studied. The missions have implemented social media as a part of their communication m...

Nurmi, Maria

2012-01-01

37

Social Deficits, Stereotypy, and Early Emergence of Repetitive Behavior in the C58/J Inbred Mouse Strain  

OpenAIRE

Mouse lines with behavioral phenotypes relevant to symptoms in neurodevelopmental disorders may provide models to test hypotheses about disease etiology and to evaluate potential treatments. The present studies were designed to confirm and expand earlier work on the intriguing behavioral profile of the C58/J inbred strain, including low social approach and aberrant repetitive movements. Additional tests were selected to reflect aspects of autism, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder character...

Ryan, Bryce C.; Young, Nancy B.; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Bodfish, James W.; Moy, Sheryl S.

2009-01-01

38

Social referencing and cat-human communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cats' (Felis catus) communicative behaviour towards humans was explored using a social referencing paradigm in the presence of a potentially frightening object. One group of cats observed their owner delivering a positive emotional message, whereas another group received a negative emotional message. The aim was to evaluate whether cats use the emotional information provided by their owners about a novel/unfamiliar object to guide their own behaviour towards it. We assessed the presence of social referencing, in terms of referential looking towards the owner (defined as looking to the owner immediately before or after looking at the object), the behavioural regulation based on the owner's emotional (positive vs negative) message (vocal and facial), and the observational conditioning following the owner's actions towards the object. Most cats (79 %) exhibited referential looking between the owner and the object, and also to some extent changed their behaviour in line with the emotional message given by the owner. Results are discussed in relation to social referencing in other species (dogs in particular) and cats' social organization and domestication history. PMID:25573289

Merola, I; Lazzaroni, M; Marshall-Pescini, S; Prato-Previde, E

2015-05-01

39

The social network and communicative complexity: preface to theme issue  

OpenAIRE

The complex social worlds of many animal species may be linked to complex communicative systems in those species. We now have evidence in diverse taxa and in different communicative modalities suggesting that complexity in social groups can drive complexity in signalling systems. The aim of this theme issue is to develop the theory behind this link between social complexity and communicative complexity, and to provide an overview of the lines of research testing this link.

Freeberg, Tm; Ord, Tj; Dunbar, Ri

2012-01-01

40

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

41

The Role of Social Media in the Communication of Leaders  

OpenAIRE

This thesis explores the impact of social media on leadership. For this purpose, it presents a new model for the communication of leaders. This builds on the empirical finding; that leaders must optimize two elements in order to communicate effectively; communication channel and communication style. It then seeks to explore the impact of social media on this model. On a general level, this impact is categorized into five subparts; openness, transparency, personification, power, and control. O...

Viktil, Joachim

2011-01-01

42

Social cognition and communication skills in Asperger syndrome young adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare patients with Asperger syndrome (AS and control participants on social cognition tasks and communication skills. Twenty young adults were assessed in three social cognition domains; recognition of basic emotions, recognition of complex emotions and Theory of Mind (ToM. In addition participants completed a self-report questionnaire as a measure of social communication skills. The results indicate that adults with AS perform below neurotypical control participants in emotion processing, ToM and communication skills. There were no significant correlations between the variables of social cognition and communication skills in the group of AS. Taken together, results suggest that people with a diagnosis of AS present a deficit in ToM and emotional processing as well as in communication skills. However, it was not possible to identify a significant association between the variables of social cognition and communication skills.

Mónica Figueira

2013-11-01

43

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

CERN Document Server

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optimal routing mechanism such as restricted flooding. We show that such a network is indeed usable by constructing a botnet on top of it, called Stegobot. It is designed to spread via social malware attacks and steal information from its victims. Unlike conventional botnets, Stegobot traffic does not introduce new communication endpoints between bots. We analyzed a real-world dataset of image sharing between members of an online social network. Analysis of Stegobot's network throughput indicates that stealthy as it is, it is also functionally p...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

44

Generativity Abilities Predict Communication Deficits but not Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders  

OpenAIRE

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often demonstrate impaired generativity that is thought to mediate repetitive behaviors in autism (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 40(6):839–849, 1999a). The present study evaluated generativity in children with and without ASD via the use-of-objects task (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 40(2):189–201, 1999b) and an Animals Fluency Task (Lezak in Neuropsychological assessment. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995). Groups diffe...

Dichter, Gabriel S.; Lam, Kristen S. L.; Turner-brown, Lauren M.; Holtzclaw, Tia N.; Bodfish, James W.

2009-01-01

45

Social Communication Difficulties and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children with Optic Nerve Hypoplasia and/or Septo-Optic Dysplasia  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: The aim of this study was to study systematically social, communication, and repetitive/restrictive (SCRR) behavioural difficulties and clinical autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children with optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) and/or septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), and to investigate the relationship between visual impairment, SCRR difficulties, ASD,…

Parr, Jeremy R.; Dale, Naomi J.; Shaffer, Lara M.; Salt, Alison T.

2010-01-01

46

Leaders and Social Media : Improving HRM through better internal communication  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to create understanding for how social media affects the relationship between employees and leaders in organizations, and how social media could be used to improve internal communication. We also want to explore how this type of internal communication could be implemented in large organizations. From a theoretical perspective our ambition is to see how our findings relate to the theoretical field of internal communication and human resource management. The empiric...

Westman, Daniel; Lindfors, Peter

2012-01-01

47

How scientists use social media to communicate their research  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Millions of people all over the world are constantly sharing an extremely wide range of fascinating, quirky, funny, irrelevant and important content all at once. Even scientists are no strangers to this trend. Social media has enabled them to communicate their research quickly and efficiently throughout each corner of the world. But which social media platforms are they using to communicate this research and how are they using them? One thing is clear: the range of social media platf...

Van Eperen Laura; Marincola Francesco M

2011-01-01

48

Language and Social Inclusion: Unexplored Aspects of Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Social inclusion policy in Australia has largely ignored key issues of communication for linguistic minorities, across communities and with the mainstream community. In the (now disbanded) Social Inclusion Board's reports (e.g., Social Inclusion Unit, 2009), the emphasis is on the economic aspects of inclusion, while little attention has been…

Musgrave, Simon; Bradshaw, Julie

2014-01-01

49

The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network  

OpenAIRE

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweet...

Conover, Michael D.; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; Mckelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

50

Word-of-Mouth Communication and Social Learning  

OpenAIRE

This paper studies the way that word-of-mouth communication aggregates the information of individual agents. We find that the structure of the communication process determines whether all agents end up making identical choices, with less communication making this conformity more likely. Despite the players' naive decision rules and the stochastic decision environment, word-of-mouth communication may lead all players to adopt the action that is on average superior. These socially efficient out...

Fudenberg, Drew; Ellison, Glenn

1995-01-01

51

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication)  

OpenAIRE

The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Mat...

Raúl Navarro; Santiago Yubero

2012-01-01

52

Building social capital with mobile communication services  

OpenAIRE

People may use different kinds of mobile communication servicesdepending on if they are communicating with, for instance, friends,acquaintances or strangers. Thus, in this paper bonding and bridging socialcapital is studied in the context of two mobile communication services, shortmessage services (SMSs) and voice calls. In Granovetter’s terms, bridgingsocial capital refers to communication with weak or absent ties, while bondingsocial capital refers to communication with strong ties. We fi...

Karikoski, Juuso; Kilkki, Kalevi

2013-01-01

53

PROBLEMS OF MODERN DOCUMENTAL COMMUNICATION (cultural-and-social aspects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Some results of the official-and-business texts’ qualities revealed on communication level are presented in this article. The system of axes used for national-and-social evaluations of the business communicative instruments is under analysis. The influences of unstable social-and-cultural conditions on technological and organizational circumstances of document-oriented communication are analyzed. Some results of the out-of-officinal factors origin’ and level’s evaluation in their influence on unified forms and textual peculiarities of communicative acts in the forms of “business papers” are presented.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-44

Sergey Petrovich Kushneruk

2013-11-01

54

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

OpenAIRE

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing ...

Mckelvey, Karissa; Rudnick, Alex; Conover, Michael D.; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

55

Post-Coma Persons with Motor and Communication/Consciousness Impairments Choose among Environmental Stimuli and Request Stimulus Repetitions via Assistive Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed whether a program based on microswitch and computer technology would enable three post-coma participants (adults) with motor and communication/consciousness impairments to choose among environmental stimuli and request their repetition whenever they so desired. Within each session, 16 stimuli (12 preferred and 4 non-preferred)…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Buonocunto, Francesca; Sacco, Valentina; Colonna, Fabio; Navarro, Jorge; Lanzilotti, Crocifissa; Oliva, Doretta; Megna, Gianfranco

2010-01-01

56

Reduced social interaction and ultrasonic communication in a mouse model of monogenic heritable autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism spectrum conditions (ASCs) are heritable conditions characterized by impaired reciprocal social interactions, deficits in language acquisition, and repetitive and restricted behaviors and interests. In addition to more complex genetic susceptibilities, even mutation of a single gene can lead to ASC. Several such monogenic heritable ASC forms are caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding regulators of synapse function in neurons, including NLGN4. We report that mice with a loss-of-function mutation in the murine NLGN4 ortholog Nlgn4, which encodes the synaptic cell adhesion protein Neuroligin-4, exhibit highly selective deficits in reciprocal social interactions and communication that are reminiscent of ASCs in humans. Our findings indicate that a protein network that regulates the maturation and function of synapses in the brain is at the core of a major ASC susceptibility pathway, and establish Neuroligin-4-deficient mice as genetic models for the exploration of the complex neurobiological disorders in ASCs. PMID:18227507

Jamain, Stephane; Radyushkin, Konstantin; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Granon, Sylvie; Boretius, Susann; Varoqueaux, Frederique; Ramanantsoa, Nelina; Gallego, Jorge; Ronnenberg, Anja; Winter, Dorina; Frahm, Jens; Fischer, Julia; Bourgeron, Thomas; Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Brose, Nils

2008-01-01

57

Communication Strategies via Social Media : The case study of Tomorrowland  

OpenAIRE

Background: In the past decade, Social Media has been an interesting Internet phenomenon. Social Media has increased the ability for Internet users to communicate and interact with one another, allowing them to overcome boundaries that once made communication difficult and slow. It has become a big part of everyday life and has fundamentally changed the way we send and receive information. This transformation has led to businesses acknowledging the need for a change in the way they communicat...

Kazakulova, Yulia; Kuhn, Erik

2012-01-01

58

The expert game -- Cooperation in social communication  

OpenAIRE

Large parts of professional human communication proceed in a request-reply fashion, whereby requests contain specifics of the information desired while replies can deliver the required information. However, time limitations often force individuals to prioritize some while neglecting others. This dilemma will inevitably force individuals into defecting against some communication partners to give attention to others. Furthermore, communication entirely breaks down when individ...

Bendtsen, Kristian Moss; Uekermann, Florian; Haerter, Jan O.

2013-01-01

59

The Social Effects of Communication Technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The principal technological developments that underlie the communication revolution, especially the transistor and the computer, are reviewed in a nontechnical way. A number of devices and communication subsystems, such as cable television, ultramicrofiche, and communication satellites, that make use of these developments are then described,…

Goldhamer, Herbert, Ed.; Westrum, Ronald

60

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course from a Business Communication Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy…

Meredith, Michael J.

2012-01-01

61

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

62

Face Scanning Distinguishes Social from Communication Impairments in Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

How closely related are the social and communicative impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Recent findings in typically developing children suggest that both types of impairment are highly heritable but have only moderate behavioural and genetic overlap. So far, their respective roles in social perception are poorly understood. Here we…

Falck-Ytter, Terje; Fernell, Elisabeth; Gillberg, Christopher; Von Hofsten, Claes

2010-01-01

63

Social Responsibility in Advertising: A Marketing Communications Student Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advertising has played a key role in bringing corporate social responsibility (CSR) to the public agenda on behalf of agency clients, little effort has been made to define what social responsibility means in advertising. A national survey of 1,045 advertising and marketing communications students from 176 colleges and universities were…

Kendrick, Alice; Fullerton, Jami A.; Kim, Yeo Jung

2013-01-01

64

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or face to face was related to the quality of social relationships, namely the perceived strength of social ties. Examining the dyadic friendship structure of a representative sample of Israeli adolescents, the study provides important contributions to the rapidly growing literature on online social relationships in general, and on youth networks in particular. The results support the social compensation approach to the study of online social relationship formation. The motivation for online friendship formation proved to be related to adolescents’ attempts to compensate for a lack of social support by using the Internet for communication. Furthermore, while face-to-face relationships remained highly important, for those adolescents who found in the Internet others with whom they developed intimacy, online ties were strong and meaningful. Additionally, adolescents with strong virtual ties were found to be distinctive in their social background. Our findings call for a qualification of the theoretical approach to online social ties, and imply that it is not the technology per se that obstructs or facilitates the formation of social friendship but the social embeddedness of the ties.

Ilan Talmud

2006-03-01

65

[Social media and health communication: do we need rules?].  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media, online social networks and apps for smartphones and tablets are changing the way to communicate health and health issues to consumers and health professionals. Google, Facebook, Apple, and other companies have launched tools to make easier the doctor-patient communication, to group patients with similar diseases allowing them to share stories, experiences, and opinions, and to remotely track and monitor users health and wellbeing. However several concerns about patients' and consumers' privacy remain. Doctor-patient communication through e-mail and social media also introduces other ethical and privacy issues that were addressed only by few medical societies with appropriate guidelines and policies. In addition, pharmaceutical companies have started to use social media channels to communicate with doctors, patients and consumers. This type of communication has been only partially regulated by the Food and Drug Administration with the recently published guidelines for industries. Similar concerns exist for health and medical applications for smartphones and tablets for which only few agencies (including Food and Drug Administration) are requiring a formal (even if restricted in typology) validation. It's time for Europe and Italy to adopt appropriate guidelines for the use of the new media in health communication. PMID:25621774

Santoro, Eugenio

2015-01-01

66

The expert game -- Cooperation in social communication  

CERN Document Server

Large parts of professional human communication proceed in a request-reply fashion, whereby requests contain specifics of the information desired while replies can deliver the required information. However, time limitations often force individuals to prioritize some while neglecting others. This dilemma will inevitably force individuals into defecting against some communication partners to give attention to others. Furthermore, communication entirely breaks down when individuals act purely egoistically as replies would never be issued and quest for desired information would always be prioritized. Here we present an experiment, termed "The expert game", where a number of individuals communicate with one-another through an electronic messaging system. By imposing a strict limit on the number of sent messages, individuals were required to decide between requesting information that is beneficial for themselves or helping others by replying to their requests. In the experiment, individuals were assigned the task t...

Bendtsen, Kristian Moss; Haerter, Jan O

2013-01-01

67

Social Barriers to Effective Communication in Old Age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Some communication barriers apply particularly to elderly people. The social barriers to effective communication in old age are the barriers caused by stereotypes of old age/elderly people and the barriers arising from limitations in using mass communication by seniors. Stereotypes of old age/elderly people embrace views regarding old people’s communication skills and the ideas about the correct way of communication with them. Therefore the communication problems of old people are correlated with the little and poor communication processes they are participating in. This seems to be a result of impetuses of poor quality sent to seniors by their communication partners. Not only face to face communication but also mass communication is very important for the elderly population. Therefore limitations in using new technologies and new communication channels as well as a limited presence in the mass media of content created by seniors and for seniors have an impact on their life, their well-being, and their interpersonal relationships. These problems are especially important when we faced with the ever growing population of elderly people.

Anna Sanecka

2014-12-01

68

Music goes social! : music startups' viewpoints on marketing communications, social media and music industry  

OpenAIRE

This thesis studies Finnish music industry startups’ viewpoints on marketing communica-tions and social media, as well as their views on the future of the music business. Four Finland based music industry startups were interviewed for the study. Separate chapters deal with the framework of the study: marketing communications, social media and music industry. During the past few years a number of startup companies have been established in Finland with the aim of providing online and dig...

Vermasheina?, Kaisa

2011-01-01

69

Future cooperative communication systems driven by social mobile networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this work we are underlining the importance of social mobile networks for upcoming cooperative communication systems. The assumption of this work is that future mobile communication systems will incorporate user cooperation, i.e. a combination of cellular access in parallel with ongoing short range links to the neighboring devices. It has been shown that user cooperation enables higher data rates, better spectral efficiencies, and reduces the energy consumption of the mobile unit. In this work the social mobile networks are identified to be a fertile ground to facilitate the cooperative use cases. By the example of the Gedda-Headz gaming community, possible links between cooperative mobile communication and social mobile networks are shown.

Blázovics, L.; Varga, C.

2011-01-01

70

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives such as crisis management and recruiting talent. The CSR perception among individuals is shaped by interpersonal and mass media communication; companies are perceived as responsible if their communication is rich in information. The information sources are mostly television and radio but there is a growing part of online channels as well. The study also suggests several possibilities for future research including the role of social networks and social media platforms in the diffusion of CSR.

Banu Dincer

2013-04-01

71

Social Presence in the Web-Based Classroom: Implications for Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Social presence is a theory derived from social psychology to explain social interactions in a mediated communication and is defined as the degree to which interlocutors in a communications medium perceive each other as real. This study investigates the effect of computer-mediated communication on the social presence of international students who…

Yildiz, Senem

2009-01-01

72

Effective communication to improve udder health: can social science help?  

OpenAIRE

Improved udder health requires consistent application of appropriate management practices by those involved in managing dairy herds and the milking process. Designing effective communication requires that we understand why dairy herd managers behave in the way they do and also how the means of communication can be used both to inform and to influence. Social sciences- ranging from economics to anthropology - have been used to shed light on the behaviour of those who manage farm...

Garforth, Chris

2011-01-01

73

Social Networking and Smart Technology: Viable Environmental Communication Tools…?  

Science.gov (United States)

To what extent do popular social networking channels represent a viable means for disseminating information regarding environmental change to the general public? Are new forms of communication such as YouTube™, Facebook™, MySpace™ and Twitter™ and smart devices such as iPhone™ and BlackBerry™ useful and effective in terms motivating people into social action and behavioural modification; or do they simply pay ‘lip service’ to these pressing environmental issues? This project will explore the background connections between social networking and environmental communication and education; and outline why such tools might be an appropriate way to connect to a broad audience in an efficient and unconventional manner. Further, research will survey the current prevalence of reliable environmental change information on social networking Internet-based media; and finally, suggestions for improved strategies and new directions will be provided.

Montain, J.; Byrne, J. M.

2010-12-01

74

Analyzing the Dynamics of Communication in Online Social Networks  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter deals with the analysis of interpersonal communication dynamics in online social networks and social media. Communication is central to the evolution of social systems. Today, the different online social sites feature variegated interactional affordances, ranging from blogging, micro-blogging, sharing media elements (i.e., image, video) as well as a rich set of social actions such as tagging, voting, commenting and so on. Consequently, these communication tools have begun to redefine the ways in which we exchange information or concepts, and how the media channels impact our online interactional behavior. Our central hypothesis is that such communication dynamics between individuals manifest themselves via two key aspects: the information or concept that is the content of communication, and the channel i.e., the media via which communication takes place. We present computational models and discuss large-scale quantitative observational studies for both these organizing ideas. First, we develop a computational framework to determine the "interestingness" property of conversations cented around rich media. Second, we present user models of diffusion of social actions and study the impact of homophily on the diffusion process. The outcome of this research is twofold. First, extensive empirical studies on datasets from YouTube have indicated that on rich media sites, the conversations that are deemed "interesting" appear to have consequential impact on the properties of the social network they are associated with: in terms of degree of participation of the individuals in future conversations, thematic diffusion as well as emergent cohesiveness in activity among the concerned participants in the network. Second, observational and computational studies on large social media datasets such as Twitter have indicated that diffusion of social actions in a network can be indicative of future information cascades. Besides, given a topic, these cascades are often a function of attribute homophily existent among the participants. We believe that this chapter can make significant contribution into a better understanding of how we communicate online and how it is redefining our collective sociological behavior.

de Choudhury, Munmun; Sundaram, Hari; John, Ajita; Seligmann, Doree Duncan

75

Communication skills training for parents: experimental and social validation.  

OpenAIRE

Coordination of professional services of behalf of children often hinges on the involvement of informed parents. The purposes of this study were to identify and experimentally and socially validate skills required of parents for effective communication with professionals. Target skills were identified on the basis of judges' social validation ratings of (a) sample interactions between parents and professionals and (b) the behaviors comprising a resultant task analysis. Eight parents were then...

Kohr, M. A.; Parrish, J. M.; Neef, N. A.; Driessen, J. R.; Hallinan, P. C.

1988-01-01

76

Social Communication in Mice – Are There Optimal Cage Conditions?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social communication is heavily affected in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. Accordingly, mouse models designed to study the mechanisms leading to these disorders are tested for this phenotypic trait. Test conditions vary between different models, and the effect of these test conditions on the quantity and quality of social interactions and ultrasonic communication is unknown. The present study examines to which extent the habituation time to the test cage as well as the shape / size of the cage influence social communication in freely interacting mice. We tested 8 pairs of male mice in free dyadic social interactions, with two habituation times (20 min and 30 min) and three cage formats (rectangle, round, square). We tested the effect of these conditions on the different types of social contacts, approach-escape sequences, follow behavior, and the time each animal spent in the vision field of the other one, as well as on the emission of ultrasonic vocalizations and their contexts of emission. We provide for the first time an integrated analysis of the social interaction behavior and ultrasonic vocalizations. Surprisingly, we did not highlight any significant effect of habituation time and cage shape / size on the behavioral events examined. There was only a slight increase of social interactions with the longer habituation time in the round cage. Remarkably, we also showed that vocalizations were emitted during specific behavioral sequences especially during close contact or approach behaviors. The present study provides a protocol reliably eliciting social contacts and ultrasonic vocalizations in adult male mice. This protocol is therefore well adapted for standardized investigation of social interactions in mouse models of neuropsychiatric disorders. PMID:25806942

Ferhat, Allain-Thibeault; Le Sourd, Anne-Marie; de Chaumont, Fabrice; Olivo-Marin, Jean-Christophe; Bourgeron, Thomas; Ey, Elodie

2015-01-01

77

Involving Parents in Teaching Social Communication Skills to Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on why and how speech-language pathologists and other professionals can encourage the involvement of parents in teaching social communication skills to their young children. Four main topics are explored: (1) the evidence that many of the children with special needs served by speech-language pathologists and other…

Weiss, Amy L.; Theadore, Geraldine

2011-01-01

78

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

CERN Document Server

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing political discourse on Twitter. We introduce several new analytical perspectives on online discourse with the goal of facilitating collaboration between individuals in the computational and social sciences. The design decisions described in this article are motivated by real-world use cases developed in collaboration with colleagues at the Indiana University School of Journalism.

McKelvey, Karissa; Conover, Michael D; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

79

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, d...

Saif Hossain

2013-01-01

80

Understanding social distance in intercultural communication  

OpenAIRE

Desde mediados del siglo XX ha ido creciendo progresivamente el interés por el estudio de la comunicación intercultural desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar. Dicho interés académico se ha visto fortalecido por el proceso de globalización que la sociedad está experimentando hoy en día, así como por el proceso de convergencia entre los países que conforman la Unión Europea y el fenómeno social de la inmigración masiva hacia occidente. La comunicación intercultural aborda el estu...

Guille?n Nieto, Victoria

2006-01-01

81

PECULIARITIES OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF TEENAGERS WITH DIFFERENT THINKING STYLES  

OpenAIRE

This article deals with the studying of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence in teenage years. The paper provides the results of the comparative analysis of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence of teenagers with different thinking styles.

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2013-01-01

82

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: COMMUNICATING IN PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to examine the details of declared activities of social responsibility in the public sector. To achieve the objective the following tasks are formulated: (1 to review the CSR research carried out inLithuania; (2 to analyse the communicative actions of public sector organizations concerning socially responsible activities. Method of work: the article is written using the methods of content analysis, analogy and reflection.  Results: Corporate social responsibility (CSR activities focused on external interest groups and their representation are analysed in the article. The survey covers state capital enterprises or enterprises, in which a larger part of the portfolio of shares is owned by the public sector, and educational organizations, the founder of which is the state. The research of CSR carried out in Lithuania in recent years is overviewed and analysis of the way the public sector organizations, which belong to United Nations Global Compact (hereafter GC network communicate their socially responsible activities is provided. It has been found that the membership of the majority of public sector organizations in the GC is rather formal, and insufficient attention is given for communicating socially responsible activities in information carriers, most easily accessible to the user.  Application of results: management in the public sector.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-10-32

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2014-04-01

83

Social argumentation in online synchronous communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In education, argumentation has an increasing importance because it can be used to foster learning in various fields including philosophy, history, sciences, and mathematics. Argumentation is also at the heart of scientific inquiry. Many educational technology researchers have been interested in finding out how technologies can be employed to improve students' learning of argumentation. Therefore, many computer-based tools or argumentation systems have been developed to assist students in their acquisition of argumentation skills. While the argumentation systems incorporating online debating tools present a good resource in formal settings, there is limited research revealing what argumentative skills students are portraying in informal online settings without the presence of a moderator. This dissertation investigates the nature of argumentative practices in a massively multiplayer online game where the system successfully incorporates the authentic use of online synchronous communication tools and the patterns that emerge from the interplay between a number of contextual variables including synchronicity, interest, authenticity, and topical knowledge.

Angiono, Ivan

84

100 Repetitions  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred repetitions--100 "useful" repetitions. This notion has guided the author's work in alternative education programs for almost 20 years, dealing with the most challenging students, from addicts to conduct-disordered adolescents to traumatized 5th graders. There are no magic tricks. The role of educators is to align with the healthy…

Benson, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

85

Emoticons in computer-mediated communication: social motives and social context.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the role of emoticons in computer-mediated communication (CMC). The study consisted of an online questionnaire about the social motives for emoticon use and an experimental part in which participants (N = 1,251) had to respond to short Internet chats. In these chats, the interaction partner (friend vs. stranger) and the valence of the context (positive vs. negative) were manipulated. Results showed that emoticons are mostly used to express emotion, to strengthen a message, and to express humor. Furthermore, more emoticons were used in communication with friends than in communication with strangers, and more emoticons were used in a positive context than in a negative context. Participants seem to use emoticons in a way similar to facial behavior in face-to-face communication with respect to social context and interaction partner. PMID:18275321

Derks, Daantje; Bos, Arjan E R; von Grumbkow, Jasper

2008-02-01

86

Comunicação social e vacinação Social communication and vaccination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças menores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania.Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da Rocha

2003-01-01

87

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812. In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl Navarro

2012-12-01

88

Comunicação social e vacinação / Social communication and vaccination  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças m [...] enores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania. Abstract in english Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a [...] variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da, Rocha.

89

Internal Communication and Social Dialogue in Knowledge-Based Organizations  

OpenAIRE

Knowledge-based organizations are constructed on intangible assets, such as the expertise and the values of the employees. As a consequence, motivation and professional excellence of employees are the main objectives of management teams. For this type of organizations, considered as true “knowledge systems”, the employees represent the most valuable resource that is not motivated only through financial means, but also through internal communication, autonomy or social rewards. The researc...

Cismaru, Diana-maria; Leovaridis, Cristina

2014-01-01

90

Social modulation of associative fear learning by pheromone communication  

OpenAIRE

Mice communicate through visual, vocal, and olfactory cues that influence innate, nonassociative behavior. We here report that exposure to a recently fear-conditioned familiar mouse impairs acquisition of conditioned fear and facilitates fear extinction, effects mimicked by both an olfactory chemosignal emitted by a recently fear-conditioned familiar mouse and by the putative stress-related anxiogenic pheromone ?-phenylethylamine (?-PEA). Together, these findings suggest social modulation o...

Bredy, Timothy W.; Barad, Mark

2009-01-01

91

Job Matching, Social Network and Word-of-Mouth Communication  

OpenAIRE

Workers are embedded within a network of social relationships and can communicate through word-of-mouth. They can find a job through either formal agencies or personal contacts. From this micro scenario, we derive an aggregate matching function that has the standard properties but fails to be homogenous of degree one. Search frictions arise endogenously because of coordination failures between workers as in the standard urn-ball model. However, contrary to the latter, the network of personal ...

Calvo?-armengol, Antoni; Zenou, Yves

2001-01-01

92

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

OpenAIRE

The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives su...

Banu Dincer; Caner Dincer

2013-01-01

93

Social media in marketing communications planning for entrepreneurs  

OpenAIRE

The study consisted of both primary and secondary research. Firstly, the secondary research findings introduce the reader into the topic by explaining the most relevant facts and linking the following three subject areas: Marketing Communications, Entrepreneurship and Social Media. To support the theoretical findings, the primary research achieved the exploratory purpose of the research. The key aim of the primary research was to gain a better understanding of how entrepreneurs use and manage...

Paajanen, Jenni

2011-01-01

94

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

95

The Rules Grid: Helping Children with Social Communication and Interaction Needs Manage Social Complexity  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces a new practical visual approach, the Rules Grid, to support children who have social communication and interaction needs. The Rules Grid involves a system whereby behaviours of concern can be broken down into smaller behavioural manifestations which in turn lead not only to problem identification and specification, but…

Devlin, Niall

2009-01-01

96

Time allocation in social networks: correlation between social structure and human communication dynamics  

CERN Document Server

Recent research has shown the deep impact of the dynamics of human interactions (or temporal social networks) on the spreading of information, opinion formation, etc. In general, the bursty nature of human interactions lowers the interaction between people to the extent that both the speed and reach of information diffusion are diminished. Using a large database of 20 million users of mobile phone calls we show evidence this effect is not homogeneous in the social network but in fact, there is a large correlation between this effect and the social topological structure around a given individual. In particular, we show that social relations of hubs in a network are relatively weaker from the dynamical point than those that are poorer connected in the information diffusion process. Our results show the importance of the temporal patterns of communication when analyzing and modeling dynamical process on social networks.

Miritello, Giovanna; Moro, Esteban

2013-01-01

97

Los nuevos medios de comunicación social: las redes sociales / The new media for Social Communication: the social networking  

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Full Text Available Resumen: En el intercambio de testigo que están realizando los medios de comunicación tradicionales y las redes sociales no sólo se está produciendo una simple sustitución, ni tan siquiera una transmutuación como comúnmente se está queriendo entender. Como en todo proceso, están surgiendo nuevas propiedades que en el ámbito de la comunicación se relacionan con principios como la deslocalización, la imprevisión, la inmediatez o la interacción. Unas cualidades sobre las que reflexionaremos en el siguiente artículo, con la intención de adecuar su definición en el entorno de los nuevos medios de comunicación social.Abstract: In the exchange of witness being done by traditional media and social networking is not only producing a simple substitution, not even one as commonly transmutuación is trying to understand. As in any process, properties that are emerging in the field of communication principles as they relate to relocation, unpredictability, immediacy or interaction. Qualities on which we reflect in the following article, with the intention to adapt its definition in the setting of new media.

Antonio Pantoja Chaves

2011-09-01

98

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, education, health, interpersonal relationships are easier to be acquired and amplified Also, the local communities, companies, educational institutions or non-profit organizations increasingly approach themselves to the citizens, receive their problems and try to solve them efficiently. On the other hand, the expansion of the modern means of communication became possible by the steadily decreasing costs of information and of the appropriate management technologies. Virtual communities may, however, only partially replace the traditional communities and the direct physical interaction between people, because online connections are made between people, not between places. Moreover, a high degree of interconnection involves the spreading of ideas, links and various discoveries or improvements of some already existing equipment and processes. The content of this study paper is created using secondary sources of information – with limited and also limiting feature – in an office research, the areas of analysis being studied separately. The result of the study paper is to evidence the fact that the interest for the interactive electronic communication is increasing. We support the idea that such communication contributes to business development in a particular field, in the social sector, but it is better to be aware of its less desirable effects from which we can notice the loss of privacy, the identity theft, the aggressive promotion etc. In our opinion, in this study paper we only partially achieved to highlight the increasingly strong relationship between communication, interactivity and electronic media and, therefore, we hope that this demarche will be continued in other research.

Purice Suzana

2012-12-01

99

An Investigation of the Relationship between Health Literacy and Social Communication Skills in Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine connections between health literacy and social communication skills in older adults, a population that experiences chronic health conditions but is reported to have low health literacy and declines in communication skills. Sixty-three older adults were administered the "Social Communication" subtest of the…

Hester, Eva Jackson

2009-01-01

100

Sex Differences in Technical Communication: A Perspective from Social Role Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This article interprets technical communication research about sex differences according to social role theory, which argues that sex differences are enculturated through experiences associated with social positions in the family and the workplace. It reevaluates technical communication research about sex differences in communicative and…

Thompson, Isabelle

2004-01-01

101

Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

2007-01-01

102

Examining Beliefs about Interpersonal Communication and Relationships across Generations: An Assignment of Social Constructionism  

Science.gov (United States)

A basic premise of social approaches to studying communication is that theories of interpersonal communication and personal relationships are reflexively defined, socially constructed, and historically situated. In contrast to the tradition of psychological models of relational processes and message transmission, social approaches encourage…

Aleman, Melissa Wood; Aleman, Carlos Galvan

2007-01-01

103

Corporate Social Responsibility in Online Social Networks : An Empirical Analysis of Corporate Communication for Brands on the German Market  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Considering growing public awareness of social, ethical and ecological responsibility, companies have constantly been increasing their efforts in CSR communications. Social Media as tools of brand communication receive increasing attention and it is expected that the marketing sector will experience changes through this phenomenon in the future. This empirical study investigates the types of content that is communicated for different brands and industries in leading Social Media portals on the German market in 2011. It turns out that this kind of CSR communication differs in terms of portals used, as well as in contents. Also, remarkable differences between industries can be observed.

Horn, Christian; Brem, Alexander

2014-01-01

104

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online / Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on online Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El presente estudio fue diseñado para conocer las conductas de comunicación online en una muestra de preadolescentes (10-12 años, n=812). Se analizó el efecto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y las experiencias de cibervictimización sobre la comunicación online. La comunicación online [...] comprendía ítems relacionados con el tiempo empleado, las plataformas utilizadas, las personas con las que interactúan y los motivos para conectarse a la red. La ansiedad social fue evaluada mediante la Escala de ansiedad social para niños revisada, las habilidades sociales a través de la subescala del Cuestionario Matson y la cibervictimización mediante la Escala de Victimización a través de Internet. Los resultados mostraron que el grupo con altas habilidades sociales y baja ansiedad emplean más tiempo comunicándose en Internet y utilizan más los mensajes instantáneos para hablar con los amigos. Por el contrario, la conducta online del grupo con alta ansiedad social y bajas habilidades está más motivada por el deseo de hacer amigos. Las víctimas de ciberbullying emplean más tiempo online, utilizan más las salas de chat y se comunican más con desconocidos. Estos hallazgos sugieren que, a pesar de los riesgos, Internet también permite mantener y ampliar la red social existente. Abstract in english The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items rela [...] ted to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl, Navarro; Santiago, Yubero.

2012-12-01

105

Internal Communication and Social Dialogue in Knowledge-Based Organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge-based organizations are constructed on intangible assets, such as the expertise and the values of the employees. As a consequence, motivation and professional excellence of employees are the main objectives of management teams. For this type of organizations, considered as true “knowledge systems”, the employees represent the most valuable resource that is not motivated only through financial means, but also through internal communication, autonomy or social rewards. The research of Eurofound shows that knowledge-based organizations have a low number of trade unions, while professional associations are more relevant for them. There is no tradition to defend through negotiation the working conditions of employees, thus it is important for managers to use the best practices, in order to increase the employees’ loyalty. We conducted a qualitative research concerning the quality of professional life of employees in five sectors of knowledge-based services: advertising-marketing, IT, banking and finance, research and development, and higher education; 15-20 employees from each sector were interviewed. Some of the questions referred directly to trade unions and affiliation, and also to internal communication. Although the results showed a different situation in each of the five sectors, there are few common characteristics: descendant communication is more frequent than ascendant communication, trade unions were reported as missing, unrepresentative or not very active, and the greatest part of employees in this sector are not affiliated, facts that limits the possibility of maintaining employees’ motivation on long term.

Diana-Maria CISMARU

2014-02-01

106

Repetition time-switched transmit diversity as an alternative to Alamouti space-time coding for wireless communication systems  

OpenAIRE

We present a simple transmit diversity technique, called repetition time-switched transmit diversity (R-TSTD), which is a modified version of the well-known time-switched transmit diversity (TSTD) algorithm. Throughout the paper, we focus on the scenario of a transmitter with n = 2 antennas. The idea behind R-TSTD is to use only one antenna at a time while still ensuring that all constellation symbols are transmitted via both antennas. Thus, unlike the classical TSTD technique, R-TSTD does pr...

Khoo, Bk; Goff, Sl; Xiao, P.

2011-01-01

107

SPECIFICITY OF COMMUNICATION DOCTOR – PATIENT, ONLINE, THROUGH SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey in 2013 of Division Market Research Group Rentrop Straton Romanian-German - "state services and private clinics. Comparative Analysis ", highlights the fact that into urban population in Romania, the internet is the most popular source of information on health services. According to the survey, 81.9% of respondents use the Internet to find out about the best doctors available to them. Preferences of respondents to the online environment as the main source of information translates into ease of access and the possibility of interaction, but also trust recommendations based on personal experiences, recommendations can be found through discussion forums, mostly or comments left on pages on social networking sites. In the present study we try to emphasize the specificity of communication physician - patient online through social networks.

Florin-Alexandru LUCA

2014-12-01

108

Post-coma persons with motor and communication/consciousness impairments choose among environmental stimuli and request stimulus repetitions via assistive technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed whether a program based on microswitch and computer technology would enable three post-coma participants (adults) with motor and communication/consciousness impairments to choose among environmental stimuli and request their repetition whenever they so desired. Within each session, 16 stimuli (12 preferred and 4 non-preferred) were scheduled for the participants. For each stimulus, a computer system provided a sample of a 3-s duration. During the intervention, participants' responding (e.g., eye blinking and hand closure) in relation to a stimulus sample activated a microswitch and led the computer system to turn on that stimulus for 20 s. Participants' lack of responding led the computer system to pause briefly and then present the next scheduled stimulus sample. When participants responded immediately after (i.e., within 6s from) the end of a stimulus presentation, that stimulus was repeated. Intervention data showed response increases, which were very consistent for two participants and moderate for the third one. All participants asked for the repetition of preferred stimuli and showed minimal responding in relation to non-preferred stimuli. The results were discussed in light of their possible implications for new, person-centered rehabilitation programs for post-coma persons with multiple disabilities. PMID:20206471

Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Buonocunto, Francesca; Sacco, Valentina; Colonna, Fabio; Navarro, Jorge; Lanzilotti, Crocifissa; Oliva, Doretta; Megna, Gianfranco

2010-01-01

109

Yeh, mon. No problem : An Ethnographic Study of Risk Communication and Social Trust in Jamaica.  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to examine the impact of social trust in public risk communication in St Elizabeth, Jamaica. From a cultural rationality approach is social trust assumed to affect the public’s risk perceptions and consequently their risk behavior when it comes to natural disasters. Hence, social trust is assumed to have an effect of how the citizenry of Jamaica perceives public risk communication. The risk communication carried out by the local authorities (St Elizabeth Parish Coun...

Hellsing, Fanny

2011-01-01

110

Electronic Word-of-Mouth Communication and Consumer Behaviour : An Exploratory Study of Danish Social Media Communication Influence  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The rapid adoption of social media, along with the easy access to peer information and interactions, has resulted in massive online word-of-mouth communication. These interactions among consumers have an increasing power over the success or failure of companies and brands. Drawing upon word-of-mouth communication and consumer behaviour theories, this paper investigates the use of word-of-mouth communication through social media among a group of Danish consumers. The findings suggest that electronic word-of-mouth communication among friends and peers affect consumer behaviour. Additionally, peer communication is perceived as more objective and therefore found more reliable than companies’ brand communication. Furthermore, negative word-of-mouth is perceived as more trustworthy compared to positive messages, which are often believed to be too subjective. The research findings emphasise the importance one has to assign to social media as a source of reputation for companies and brands, which eventually impact consumers’ choices.

Pedersen, Signe Tegtmeier; Razmerita, Liana

2014-01-01

111

Using social media to communicate during crises: an analytic methodology  

Science.gov (United States)

The Emerging Media Integration Team at the Department of the Navy Office of Information (CHINFO) has recently put together a Navy Command Social Media Handbook designed to provide information needed to safely and effectively use social media. While not intended to be a comprehensive guide on command use of social media or to take the place of official policy, the Handbook provides a useful guide for navigating a dynamic communications environment. Social media are changing the way information is diffused and decisions are made, especially for Humanitarian Assistance missions when there is increased emphasis on Navy commands to share critical information with other Navy command sites, government, and official NGO (nongovernmental organization) sites like the American Red Cross. In order to effectively use social media to support such missions, the Handbook suggests creating a centralized location to funnel information. This suggests that as the community of interest (COI) grows during a crisis, it will be important to ensure that information is shared with appropriate organizations for different aspects of the mission such as evacuation procedures, hospital sites, location of seaports and airports, and other topics relevant to the mission. For example, in the first 14 days of the U.S. Southern Command's Haiti HA/DR (Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief) mission, the COI grew to over 1,900 users. In addition, operational conditions vary considerably among incidents, and coordination between different groups is often set up in an ad hoc manner. What is needed is a methodology that will help to find appropriate people with whom to share information for particular aspects of a mission during a wide range of events related to the mission. CNA has developed such a methodology and we would like to test it in a small scale lab experiment.

Greene, Marjorie

2011-06-01

112

Comunicación, construcción de la realidad e imaginarios sociales / Communication, Construction of Reality and Social Imaginaries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available La confusión generada en el campo de la comunicación por la asunción de una Teoría de la señal (Shannon) que buscaba la efectividad en la transmisión del mensaje entre un emisor y un receptor, generalizándola como teoría de la información o de la comunicación ha supuesto una orientación de las inves [...] tigaciones en comunicación dirigidas por los intereses del mercado publicitario (“Efectos de los medios”, etc.). Es necesario recuperar como orientación básica de las investigaciones en comunicación el carácter de selección de posibilidades en la construcción plural de las realidades que se disputan el asentimiento de nuestra confianza. Se propone como instrumento central de esta nueva orientación una teoría de los imaginarios sociales como concepto operativo que permite observar los diferentes mecanismos de construcción de realidades a través de la aplicación del código “relevancia/opacidad” a los productos mediáticos “en los que vivimos, nos movemos y somos”. Abstract in english The confusion generated in the communicational field by the assumption of a signal theory (Shannon) that searches for effectiveness in the transmission of a message from a transmitter to a receiver, which is generalized as a theory of information or of communication, has proposed an orientation in c [...] ommunicational research directed towards the publicity market (The effects of social communication, etc.). It is necessary to recover as the basic orientation of communicational research, the character of selecting possibilities in the plural construction of realities that discuss the basis for our confidence. As the central instrument of this new orientation, a theory of social images is proposed as an operative concept that permits the observation of different mechanisms of construction of realities through the application of a code of “relevance/ opaqueness” in media products “ in which we live, move and exist”.

Juan Luis, PINTOS.

2005-06-01

113

Social and Communicational Skills in Upper Secondary Vocational Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the methodology used by the Finnish Education Evaluation Council in the national evaluation of social and communication skills in vocational education and training. The evaluation concentrates on key competences such as learning-to-learn skills, communication skills, social skills and entrepreneurship (Implementation of…

Raisanen, Anu; Rakkolainen, Mari

2009-01-01

114

The Effect of Communication Skills and Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills on Social Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine communication skills, interpersonal problem solving skills, and social self-efficacy perception of adolescents and the predictive role of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. This study is a quantitative and relational study aimed at examining the…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2013-01-01

115

PECULIARITIES OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF TEENAGERS WITH DIFFERENT THINKING STYLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article deals with the studying of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence in teenage years. The paper provides the results of the comparative analysis of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence of teenagers with different thinking styles.

????? ????????????? ???????????

2013-06-01

116

Scholarly communication and social work in the Google era  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scholarly communication and social work in the Google era In this text, we outline how new media has an impact on international scholarly communication and focus on how these changes (can influence the traditional gap between research and practice. We do so by describing the dreams of yesterday, the facts of today and the possible consequences for the near future. The most significant development on the interface between science and information technology is not so much the increased computational power but the increased availability of scientific information, be it communication between scientists through virtual libraries or discussion lists, or between scientists and students through electronic learning environments. Through this development of more digital scientific communication and more visibility of that communication in the public realm, the traditional schism between science and practice changes. Combining this with the increasing plea for more applicability of research results, it is time to supplement the science citation index with the Google citation index. Onderzoekscommunicatie in sociaal werk in het Google tijdperk In dit artikel zetten we uiteen hoe de opkomst van nieuwe media van invloed is op communicatie tussen wetenschappers wereldwijd, en hoe deze veranderingen van invloed (kunnen zijn op het traditionele gat tussen wetenschap en praktijk. We doen dit door het beschrijven van de dromen van gisteren, de feiten van vandaag de dag en de mogelijke consequenties daarvan voor de toekomst. De belangrijkste ontwikkeling die zich op het raakvlak van wetenschap en informatietechnologie heeft voorgedaan, is niet zozeer de toename in technische mogelijkheden, maar vooral de toegenomen beschikbaarheid van wetenschappelijke informatie, zij het communicatie tussen wetenschappers binnen de virtuele omgeving van bibliotheken of op discussiefora op het internet, of communicatie tussen wetenschappers en studenten middels een elektronische leeromgeving. Deze toename in communicatie tussen wetenschappers en de toegenomen zichtbaarheid daarvan, heeft gevolgen voor de traditionele afstand tussen wetenschap en praktijk. Een andere ontwikkeling die met deze discussie samenhangt, is een toegenomen vraag naar meer toepasbare onderzoeksresultaten. We stellen daarom dat het tijd is om de Science Citation Index aan te vullen met de Google Citation Index.

Jan Steyaert

2011-12-01

117

A systematic review of social capital and chronic non-communicable diseases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nowadays, chronic non-communicable diseases have become a significant social problem of healthcare which threatens human health along with their rapid progress of morbidity and mortality. How to develop potential, intangible resources to compensate for insufficient physical resources is urgent. By analyzing literature reporting the association between social capital and chronic non-communicable diseases systematically, evidence was found for a positive association between social capital and chronic non-communicable disease prevention and control. The social capital theory may provide a new idea to solve the problem. PMID:25639224

Hu, Fuyong; Hu, Bo; Chen, Ren; Ma, Ying; Niu, Li; Qin, Xia; Hu, Zhi

2014-12-01

118

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

Ebru ÖZGEN

2013-02-01

119

"What Is the Best Way to Be a Social Justice Advocate?": Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Conflict can shut down communication, the key to social justice advocacy. In this article, the author shares his insights on how some communication strategies can help manage conflict and sustain open conversation with students about contentious issues. Recently, the author participated in an extremely heated discussion session for student affairs…

Nash, Robert J.

2010-01-01

120

Use of social media in managing customer relationships in a Chinese SME - A communication perspective  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of social media as a means to communicate with customers in an SME context. Two particular aspects were analyzed in this study. First, the role of social media was to be identified. Second, the study focused on the most important characteristics of social media in meeting the challenges in managing customer relationships. International business creates challenges for international business communication. I...

Wei, Jie

2014-01-01

121

Integrating Social Media into the Marketing Communication Strategy : The Case of ID24  

OpenAIRE

Problem:  Integration of social media tools in marketing practice of B2B companies is not a widespread phenomenon yet. However, particular patterns of involvement already exist. Companies get connected through social media and they use Web 2.0 tools to engage the customers in communication and to interact and build relationships with them.   Purpose: The overall purpose of this thesis is to deepen and broaden the knowledge of the application of social media into the communication strategy ...

Amerian, Irsa; Pisareva, Natallia

2012-01-01

122

Using Social Networking Sites for Communicable Disease Control: Innovative Contact Tracing or Breach of Confidentiality?  

OpenAIRE

Social media applications such as Twitter, YouTube and Facebook have attained huge popularity, with more than three billion people and organizations predicted to have a social networking account by 2015. Social media offers a rapid avenue of communication with the public and has potential benefits for communicable disease control and surveillance. However, its application in everyday public health practice raises a number of important issues around confidentiality and autonomy. We report here...

Mandeville, Kate L.; Harris, Matthew; Thomas, H. Lucy; Chow, Yimmy; Seng, Claude

2013-01-01

123

Using Social Media to Communicate Child Health Information to Low-Income Parents  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study was to determine the value of using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents. We evaluated qualitative data obtained through focus groups with low-income, predominantly Hispanic parents. Results were mixed; lack of time and credibility were the primary objections parents cited in using social media to obtain information about their children's health. Social media has value as part of an overall communication strategy, but more work...

Stroever, Stephanie J.; Mackert, Michael S.; Mcalister, Alfred L.; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

2011-01-01

124

Developing a social media communication plan: case: the Quicker Steps project  

OpenAIRE

Social media is accepted as an effective communications and promotion tool. Social media tools such as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, blogging and podcasting are leveraged by different organizations for creating profiles, establishing communication, interaction and launching promotional activities. However, promoters might encounter certain challenges in targeting potential audiences and maintaining interest and the interaction of the audience in their social media profiles. The Quicker St...

Nazari, Ahdia

2012-01-01

125

Social Amplification of Risk and Crisis Communication Planing - Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Risk management has become a dominant concern of public policy and the ability of government to anticipate the strength and focus of public concerns remains weak. The Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) was designed to assist in this endeavor. It aims to facilitate a greater understanding of the social processes that can mediate between a hazard event and its consequences. SARF identifies categories of mediator/moderator that intervene between risk event and its consequences and suggests a causal and temporal sequence in which they act. Information flows first through various sources and then channels, triggering social stations of amplification, initiating individual station of amplification and precipitating behavioral reactions. The International Risk Governance Council Framework is an interdisciplinary and multilevel approach, linking risk management and risk assessment sphere through communication. This study aims to identify categories of mediator/moderator that intervene between the risk event and its consequences, using a survey on earthquake risk perception addressing population of Bucharest city. Romania has a unique seismic profile in Europe, being the country with the biggest surface affected in case of a serious earthquake. Considering the development of the urban area that took place in the last two decades and the growing number of inhabitants, Bucharest is the largest city in Romania and is exposed to extensive damages in case of an earthquake. The sociological survey has been conducted in December 2009 on a representative sample of the Bucharest population aged 18 and over (N=1376) using one stage sampling design. We used a stratified sample method shearing the investigated populations in six layers according to the six sectors of Bucharest. The respondents were selected using random digit dialling method (RDD) and the questionnaires were administered by research staff with computer assisted telephone interviewing method (CATI). The results of the field inquiries are used in developing risk/crisis communication plans. The survey has been made during the project Multihazard and vulnerability in the seismic context of the Bucharest Municipality. The research project has been financed by Romania National Authority of Scientific Research.

Stanciugelu, I.; Frunzaru, V.; Armas, I.; Duntzer, A.; Stan, S.

2012-04-01

126

The Social Communication Assessment for Toddlers with Autism (SCATA): An Instrument to Measure the Frequency, Form and Function of Communication in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

The Social Communication Assessment for Toddlers with Autism (SCATA) was designed to measure non-verbal communication, including early and atypical communication, in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Each communicative act is scored according to its form, function, role and complexity. The SCATA was used to measure communicative

Drew, Auriol; Baird, Gillian; Taylor, Emma; Milne, Elizabeth; Charman, Tony

2007-01-01

127

Usage Patterns of Communication Interfaces for Social Support among At-Risk Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Social and interpersonal support has mostly been carried out face-to-face. However, the internet was able, in the last couple of decades, to facilitate social interactions through a range of computer-mediated communication (CMC) interfaces--from email applications, chat-rooms, forums, instant messages (IM), short text messages (SMS), social

Passig, David

2014-01-01

128

Social change communication in the service of the sustainability education movement in BC  

OpenAIRE

This project studied the communication challenges of the BC Sustainability Education Movement and formulated a communications framework and guideBlog to address these challenges. Designed to assist movement members in developing holistic and comprehensive communication plans for advancing movement goals, the framework and guideBlog were developed by applying current social change communications theory and community capital models to the challenges and barriers presented at the “How Sustaina...

Le Roy, Candace Elizabeth

2009-01-01

129

The influences of optimal matching and social capital on communicating support.  

Science.gov (United States)

The optimal matching and social capital perspectives frame present research expectations and interpretations of the network, esteem, informational, and emotional support communication of 3 computer-mediated communication social support groups, each having a different health-promoting purpose. Past research has shown differences in the support communication provided by different groups but has offered little explanation for these differences. The present study uses a comparative analysis of optimal matching and social capital influences to compare and analyze differences in the support communication provided by Alcoholics Anonymous, cancer caregivers, and transgender identity support groups. Results show different patterns of support communication enacted in each. These results provide support for optimal matching and social capital predictions, indicating that the life stressor and group structure affect the social support provided. However, results also demonstrate a need for greater refinement in interpreting the effects of these influences. Each group communicates network, esteem, informational, and emotional support somewhat differently in response to the life stressor and in enacting bridging and bonding social capital. The present comparisons provide a fuller analysis of the optimal matching and social capital influences upon the support communicated in groups than afforded by past research studies and suggests research opportunities for future research. PMID:24580637

Green-Hamann, Sara; Sherblom, John C

2014-01-01

130

Sentidos comunicacionales en las políticas sociales para adolescentes / Communication senses in the social policies for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo se enmarca en la beca de iniciación en investigación de la UNCo cuyo proyecto de investigación se denominó "Sentidos en las estrategias de Comunicación/Educación del estado y de ONGs en trabajos con adolescentes en Viedma" -2005/2006-. En la etapa de esta investigación que reflej [...] a este artículo, se abordaron los discursos de los agentes que participaban de la Red Adolescencia Viedma. Se plantean los lineamientos teóricos que sustentan el estudio y que implican una mirada desde el campo de la comunicación sobre los sentidos que construyen los adultos que destinan prácticas de 'promoción, prevención, expresión' para adolescentes. Luego se esbozan algunas conclusiones sobre cómo lo que denominamos 'lógica mercantil' y 'lógica comunicativa' se expresa en las políticas sociales destinadas a lo que se denomina "adolescencia". Abstract in english The present work places in the scholarship of initiation in research of the UNCo which project of research named "Senses in the strategies of Communication/education of the state and of NGOs in works with teenagers in Viedma" -2005/2006-. In the stage of this research that reflects this article, the [...] re were approached the speeches of the agents who were informing of the Net Adolescence Viedma. There appear the theoretical limits that sustain the study and that imply a look from the field of the communication on the senses that there construct the adults who destine practices of 'promotion, prevention, expression' for teenagers. Then some conclusions are outlined on how what we name a 'mercantile logic' and 'communicative logic' it expresses in the social policies destined for what is named "adolescence".

María Cristina, Cabral.

2005-12-01

131

Inferring social status and rich club effects in enterprise communication networks  

CERN Document Server

Social status, referred to as the relative rank or position that an individual holds in a social hierarchy, is known to be one of the most important motivating forces in social behaviors. However, we have limited knowledge of how social status drives human behaviors in society, which have dynamic effects on promotion or demotion of individual status. The communication logs in enterprises provide us a great potential to reveal how social interactions and individual status manifest themselves in social networks. Herein, we use two enterprise datasets with three communication channels - voice call, short message, and email - to demonstrate the social behavioral differences between individuals with different status. On the individual level high-status users are more likely to be spanned as structural holes by linking to people in parts of the enterprise networks that are otherwise not well connected to one another. On the community level the principle of homophily, social balance and clique theory generally indic...

Dong, Yuxiao; Chawla, Nitesh; Lou, Tiancheng; Yang, Yang; Wang, Bai

2014-01-01

132

Finding Pseudo-repetitions  

OpenAIRE

Pseudo-repetitions are a natural generalization of the classical notion of repetitions in sequences. We solve fundamental algorithmic questions on pseudo-repetitions by application of insightful combinatorial results on words. More precisely, we efficiently decide whether a word is a pseudo-repetition and find all the pseudo-repetitive factors of a word.

Gawrychowski, Pawel; Manea, Florin; Mercas, Robert; Nowotka, Dirk; Tiseanu, Catalin

2013-01-01

133

Reduced social interaction and ultrasonic communication in a mouse model of monogenic heritable autism  

OpenAIRE

Autism spectrum conditions (ASCs) are heritable conditions characterized by impaired reciprocal social interactions, deficits in language acquisition, and repetitive and restricted behaviors and interests. In addition to more complex genetic susceptibilities, even mutation of a single gene can lead to ASC. Several such monogenic heritable ASC forms are caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding regulators of synapse function in neurons, including NLGN4. We report that mice with a ...

Jamain, Stephane; Radyushkin, Konstantin; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Granon, Sylvie; Boretius, Susann; Varoqueaux, Frederique; Ramanantsoa, Nelina; Gallego, Jorge; Ronnenberg, Anja; Winter, Dorina; Frahm, Jens; Fischer, Julia; Bourgeron, Thomas; Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Brose, Nils

2008-01-01

134

Communicative action: the Habermasian and Freirean dialogical approach to participatory communication for social change in a post-1994 South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite its almost four decade mainstay, the field of parti-cipatory communication for social change still experiences a definitional and pragmatic problem regarding what exactly participation is (cf. Jacobson & Storey, 2004; Chambers, 1994; Melkote & Steeves, 2001; Rogers, 1976; Lerner, 1964; Schramm, 1964; Servaes, 1995. What remains is a vastly under-theorised field of participatory communication for social change. This article examines the possibility of participatory communication approaching the Habermasian “ideal speech situation” in which people, as communicators, are seen as having a value in their own right and not simply regarded as a means to an end (cf. Habermas, 1984; 1987; 1989. Consistent with the Freirean “liberal pedagogy”, the praxis of dialogical communication or intersubjective communication is seen as putting right the “participative” quality of participatory com-munication (cf. Freire, 1970. For both theorists, transformative action can only occur if reflective and collective learning occurs in linguistically constructed settings where the normative dimensions of truth (logos, rightfulness (ethos and truthfulness (pathos are raised and met in the developmental conversation. This is especially significant in a globalised world and fragmented, post-bourgeois public sphere where debate among developmental stakeholders is becoming more marginal, in-strumentalist, and less public. Based on available analyses of development communication literature, this article proposes that the chosen dialogical approaches share a type of communi-cative behaviour (i.e. action theoretic, rather than representing a particular paradigm or school of thought. This could offer further definitional clarification of proper participatory communi-cation for social change in a post-1994 South Africa.

H. Otto

2009-07-01

135

Research on social communication network evolution based on topology potential distribution  

Science.gov (United States)

Aiming at the problem of social communication network evolution, first, topology potential is introduced to measure the local influence among nodes in networks. Second, from the perspective of topology potential distribution the method of network evolution description based on topology potential distribution is presented, which takes the artificial intelligence with uncertainty as basic theory and local influence among nodes as essentiality. Then, a social communication network is constructed by enron email dataset, the method presented is used to analyze the characteristic of the social communication network evolution and some useful conclusions are got, implying that the method is effective, which shows that topology potential distribution can effectively describe the characteristic of sociology and detect the local changes in social communication network.

Zhao, Dongjie; Jiang, Jian; Li, Deyi; Zhang, Haisu; Chen, Guisheng

2011-12-01

136

Repetitive Stress Injuries  

Science.gov (United States)

... t had any problems since. What Are Repetitive Stress Injuries? Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) are injuries that ... shoulders, knees, and heels. Continue What Causes Repetitive Stress Injuries? Most RSI conditions found in teens are ...

137

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

CERN Document Server

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift towards innovative technology bound people networking which is becoming an acceptable domain of interaction. Though the traditional channels like TV, print media etc. are still active and prominent in marketing communication, the presences of the Internet and more specifically the Social Media Networking, has started influencing the way individuals and business enterprises communicate. It has become evident that more individuals and business enterprises are engaging the social media networking sites either to accelerate the sales of their pro...

Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

2012-01-01

138

Social Networking: Changing the way we communicate and do business.  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews the value of social networking and the impact it can have on small and large businesses. The paper also reviews the Social Networking Business Plan and the power of recommender networks. Examples are given of inbound and outbound marketing techniques. Social Networking is an integral part of inbound marketing. A synopsis of the evolving demographic of social networkers is presented to add clarity and show potential for social networking websites and tools.

Jones, Kevin

2009-01-01

139

Communicative Dynamics and the Polyphony of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Network Society  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper develops a media theoretical extension of the communicative view on corporate social responsibility by elaborating on the characteristics of network societies, arguing that new media increase the speed and connectivity, and lead to higher plurality and the potential polarization of reality constructions. We discuss the implications for corporate social responsibility of becoming more polyphonic and sketch the contours of “communicative legitimacy.” Finally, we present this special issue and develop some questions for future research.

Castello, Itziar; Morsing, Mette

2013-01-01

140

La saillance dans les campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale : analyse des ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques  

OpenAIRE

Le champ d’investigation que nous nous proposons d’explorer lors de la présente étude porte sur les ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques de mise en relief ayant pour but la persuasion du public cible lors des campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale. Prenant appui sur les théories de Wolters (2001), de Stevenson (2002) et de Landragin (2010), parmi d’autres, nous nous proposons de dégager les instruments dont se sert la communication sociale pour marquer la saillance phy...

Eurrutia Cavero Mercedes

2012-01-01

141

Philosophy of Communication: What Does it Have to do With Philosophy of Social Sciences  

OpenAIRE

As concepts, communication and information are very closely related, but they also designate more than their usual conceptual meaning when they are called upon in social theories as well as in philosophical theories about the reality and the truth of social life; information and communication are then designating physical events or event like objects of the observable reality, which will be hereafter described as a procedural ontologization of information. Why do they have this role and how d...

Jean Robillard

2006-01-01

142

Stakeholder perceptions of communication of corporate social responsibility: case Lappset Group  

OpenAIRE

Stakeholder Perceptions of Communication of Corporate Social Responsibility: Case Lappset Group Objective of the Study The objective of the study was to explore the stakeholder perceptions concerning communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the case company, Lappset Group Ltd. The target stakeholder group consisted of architects, landscape architects and landscape designers (referred to as architects), who are considered by the case company as important opinion leader...

Kiviluoma, Marianne

2013-01-01

143

Being social when crisis knocks : Why and how companies use social media to communicate in a time of crisis  

OpenAIRE

Over the past years communication patterns have been changing continuously due toincreased public demand for information and knowledge. Numerous social networks andwebsites have escalated and gained the attention of the academics and practitioners, as wellas the business society. Previously scholars researched this field of interest from differentperspectives. Thus it could be stated that the emphasis was put on the impact of the certainsocial media networks in terms of communication strategy...

Wie?ckowska, Natalia Joanna; Danila, Roxana Stefania

2012-01-01

144

Social networks and the communication of norms about prenatal care in rural Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many normative beliefs are shared and learned through interpersonal communication, yet research on norms typically focuses on their effects rather than the communication that shapes them. This study focused on interpersonal communication during pregnancy to uncover (a) the nature of pregnancy-related communication and (b) normative information transmitted through such communication. Results from interviews with pregnant women living in rural Mexico revealed limited social networks; often, only a woman's mother or the baby's father were consulted about prenatal care decisions. However, women also indicated that communication with others during pregnancy provided important normative information regarding prenatal care. First, most referents believed that women should receive prenatal care (injunctive norm), which was conceptualized by participants as biomedical, nonmedical, or a blend of both. Second, family members often received prenatal care, whereas friends did not (descriptive norms). These findings highlight the key role of personal and social networks in shaping personal pregnancy-related beliefs and behaviors. PMID:25116348

Lapinski, Maria Knight; Anderson, Jenn; Cruz, Shannon; Lapine, Peter

2015-01-01

145

Refusing What We Are : Communicating Counter-Identities and Prefiguring Social Change in New Social Movements  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In an interview, Michel Foucault (1983: 336) said that the target today perhaps “is not to discover what we are but to refuse what we are… to promote new forms of subjectivity”. Protest actions by a range of new social movements have been studied extensively, but few studies have focused on the communicative practices and mediated actions in which new identities and forms of subjectivity are discursively produced, contingently achieved and made visible in situ. This paper investigates what Foucault called ‘counter-conducts’, practices in which alternative modes of subjectivation and of being governed are performed. Counter-conducts are intriguing to study because by questioning the conduct of their conduct, participants simultaneously question the relationship of the self to itself, playing with and risking identity in the process. The analysis of the United Nathans Weapons Inspections protest event draws upon Foucault’s later work, Mitchell Dean’s (2010) analytics of government and Nikolas Rose’s (1999) proposal for a genealogy of social movements in terms of the ethos of their alternative political imaginations. A first step in an analytics of protest is to uncover how fields of visibility, forms of knowledge, and subjectivities and identities are negotiated and collaboratively accomplished by the protestors and the people they encounter. Using ethnomethodological conversation analysis and membership categorisation analysis (EMCA), I examine how ‘counter-identities’ are achieved and made accountable in the interactional practices of prefigurative demonstrations and protest events. CA helps us document the ways in which fields of visibility and modes of rationality are sequentially organised, while MCA provides analytical tools to uncover the categorial work by which subjectivities and identities are morally accomplished in social interaction.

McIlvenny, Paul

146

Face to Facebook: Social Media and the Learning and Teaching Potential of Symmetrical, Synchronous Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Social networking offers teachers and learners exciting opportunities to communicate. Web 2.0 and its synchronous communications platforms provide new avenues for teachers to deliver curriculum and facilitate learning. Further, they provide new avenues for students to engage and intensify their own learning. Being able to chat in real-time with a…

VanDoorn, George; Eklund, Antoinette A.

2013-01-01

147

Logging On, Bouncing Back: An Experimental Investigation of Online Communication following Social Exclusion  

Science.gov (United States)

A majority of U.S. adolescents at least occasionally communicate on the Internet with unknown peers. This study tested the hypothesis that online communication with an unknown peer facilitates recovery from the acute aversive effects of social exclusion and examined whether this benefit may be greater for adolescents compared with young adults. A…

Gross, Elisheva F.

2009-01-01

148

Fast, Broad, and Frequent: Campus Crisis Communications Today Demand Social Media  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of communication during a school crisis has not changed in the 21st century. What has changed--and quite dramatically since 1999--is the way people communicate. Social media tools are now used in some form by 100 percent of all four-year universities in the United States as a way to reach students, according to a 2011 University of…

Liggett, Billy

2012-01-01

149

Online Company-stakeholder Communication : Lessons from Vattenfall’s Social Media Campaign on Climate Change  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Based on a systematic data collection we study one of the first pioneering company-stakeholder communication campaigns in social media: the case of energy company Vattenfall A/S’s pan-European campaign ‘The Climate Manifesto’. Our findings challenge the general assumption, that stakeholder interaction and dialogue on CSR issues is advanced in social media. Rather, our data shows how representatives from the corporate sector and civil society organizations repeat and reinforce their arguments with no amendments during the campaign. The analysis shows that constructive dialogue and interaction lacked between the company and stakeholders. Vattenfall was accused of green-washing, resulting in a communications crisis. Negative stakeholder reactions consisted of prejudiced and non-negotiable argumentation indicating that social media imposes new managerial challenges since communication processes are scaled up and bring on autonomous and legitimate sources of information, providing stakeholders with more power in terms of co-production of ‘the truth’, and more complex routes to corporate legitimacy compared to offline communication. We discuss assumptions about improved dialogue via social technologies and we question to what extent social media serve the enhancement of improved understandings across corporate and civil society on CSR issues. This paper suggests that managers face a risk of the “double-edge of stakeholder communication” when incorporating social media into their CSR strategies: companies need to expose themselves and engage in social media to improve stakeholder engagement, while they by this action also attract higher level of criticism.

Eriksen, Rikke Augustinus; Morsing, Mette

150

Making Global Publics? Communication and Knowledge Production in the World Social Forum Process  

OpenAIRE

This thesis provides an in-depth empirical analysis of the character and significance of media and communication in the World Social Forum (WSF), focusing on their relationship to processes of knowledge production. Using the concept of publics as a theoretical tool, it explores how, through mediated communication, forum organisers and communication activists seek to extend the WSF in time and space and thereby make it public. Engaging critically with the idea of the WSF as a global process, t...

Stephansen, Hilde

2011-01-01

151

Product communication strategy driven by social network profiles : an experimental teaching module  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the development and testing of an experimental teaching module on product communication strategy. The study aims to answer the question of how new social platforms such as Facebook can help in developing new strategies for product communication. Developing links between a product and consumer preferences. In this experimental learning module, students of the New Media Production course developed new strategies for product communication, identifying possible active archety...

Silva, J. M. G.

2012-01-01

152

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

OpenAIRE

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift tow...

Nair, T. R. Gopalakrishnan; Subramaniam, Kumarashvari

2012-01-01

153

Towards a Technology of Nonverbal Communication: Vocal Behavior in Social and Affective Phenomena  

OpenAIRE

Nonverbal communication is the main channel through which we experience inner life of others, including their emotions, feelings, moods, social attitudes, etc. This attracts the interest of the computing community because nonverbal communication is based on cues like facial expressions, vocalizations, gestures, postures, etc. that we can perceive with our senses and can be (and often are) detected, analyzed and synthesized with automatic approaches. In other words, nonverbal communication can...

Vinciarelli, Alessandro; Mohammadi, Gelareh

2010-01-01

154

Learning through Interaction in Children with Autism: Preliminary Data from a Social-Communication-Based Intervention  

Science.gov (United States)

The study evaluates a social-communication-based approach to autism intervention aimed at improving the social interaction skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We report preliminary results from an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 51 children aged 2 years 0 months to 4 years 11 months. Participants were assigned to either a…

Casenhiser, Devin M.; Shanker, Stuart G.; Stieben, Jim

2013-01-01

155

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

OpenAIRE

Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or ...

Ilan Talmud; Mesch, Gustavo S.

2006-01-01

156

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Intervention Targeting Nonverbal Communication for Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome and Related Pervasive Developmental Delays.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated the effectiveness of an 8-week social skills intervention targeting nonverbal communication for eight adolescents with Asperger syndrome. Although minimal nonverbal communication skills development was apparent, some social relationships were developed and the ability of some participants to read the nonverbal communication of…

Barnhill, Gena P.; Cook, Katherine Tapscott; Tebbenkamp, Kelly; Myles, Brenda Smith

2002-01-01

157

Analysis of Retailers’Communication Approaches in Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reports  

OpenAIRE

Following the emergence of stakeholders’ societal awareness, retailers adopted different types of social actions and have recently begun to publish social reports to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and social responsibility in order to be perceived as good corporate citizens.The purpose of this paper is to analyze and to discuss approaches adopted by retailers in communicating about their societal commitment through their non-financial reports.Using a qualitative methodology,...

Mejri, Mohamed; Wolf, Daniel

2012-01-01

158

Unpacking Social Media’s Role in Resource Provision: Variations across Relational and Communicative Properties  

OpenAIRE

New information and communication technologies (ICTs) challenge existing beliefs regarding the exchange of social resources within a network. The present study examines individuals’ perceived access to social, emotional, and instrumental resources by analyzing relational and Facebook-specific characteristics of dyadic relationships. Results suggest that the social and technical affordances of the site—including visibility of content and connections, as well as streamlined processes for in...

Jessica Vitak

2014-01-01

159

Identical or Just Compatible? The Utility of Corporate Identity Values in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study explores whether companies embracing a corporate social responsibility agenda have a strategic focus on adapting and aligning their value systems to reflect such commitment. The analysis is based on empirical data and a conceptual model juxtaposing corporate values, corporate social responsibility values, and implementation to capture how the different configurations of these aspects may impact the communication carried out by corporations. The findings indicate that the companies in the data sample operate with two markedly different value systems. The coexistence of two value systems is discussed in relation to the reported difficulties that companies experience when facing the new and complex challenge of communicating corporate social responsibility.

Schmeltz, Line

2014-01-01

160

On the relationship among social anxiety, intimacy, sexual communication, and sexual satisfaction in young couples.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to better understand why socially anxious individuals experience less sexual satisfaction in their intimate partnerships than nonanxious individuals, a relationship that has been well documented in previous research. Effective communication between partners is an important predictor of relationship satisfaction. Sexual communication, an important aspect of communication between romantic partners, is especially sensitive for couples given the vulnerability inherent in being open about sexual issues. Because socially anxious individuals characteristically report fear of evaluation or scrutiny by others, we hypothesized that the process of building intimacy by sharing personal information about oneself with one's partner, including when this information relates to one's sexuality and/or the sexual domain of the relationship, would be particularly difficult for socially anxious individuals. The present study examined fear of intimacy and sexual communication as potential mediators of the relationship between higher social anxiety and lower sexual satisfaction. Self-report data were collected from 115 undergraduate students and their partners in monogamous, heterosexual, committed relationships of at least 3 months duration. Multilevel path modeling revealed that higher social anxiety predicted higher fear of intimacy, which predicted lower satisfaction with open sexual communication, which, in turn, predicted lower sexual satisfaction. Additionally, there was evidence of mediation as there were significant indirect effects of the antecedent variables on sexual satisfaction. The path model had excellent fit. Implications for social anxiety, intimate relationships, and couples therapy are discussed. PMID:22476519

Montesi, Jennifer L; Conner, Bradley T; Gordon, Elizabeth A; Fauber, Robert L; Kim, Kevin H; Heimberg, Richard G

2013-01-01

161

Inferring Social Status and Rich Club Effects in Enterprise Communication Networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Social status, defined as the relative rank or position that an individual holds in a social hierarchy, is known to be among the most important motivating forces in social behaviors. In this paper, we consider the notion of status from the perspective of a position or title held by a person in an enterprise. We study the intersection of social status and social networks in an enterprise. We study whether enterprise communication logs can help reveal how social interactions and individual status manifest themselves in social networks. To that end, we use two enterprise datasets with three communication channels — voice call, short message, and email — to demonstrate the social-behavioral differences among individuals with different status. We have several interesting findings and based on these findings we also develop a model to predict social status. On the individual level, high-status individuals are more likely to be spanned as structural holes by linking to people in parts of the enterprise networks that are otherwise not well connected to one another. On the community level, the principle of homophily, social balance and clique theory generally indicate a “rich club” maintained by high-status individuals, in the sense that this community is much more connected, balanced and dense. Our model can predict social status of individuals with 93% accuracy. PMID:25822343

Dong, Yuxiao; Tang, Jie; Chawla, Nitesh V.; Lou, Tiancheng; Yang, Yang; Wang, Bai

2015-01-01

162

Inferring social status and rich club effects in enterprise communication networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social status, defined as the relative rank or position that an individual holds in a social hierarchy, is known to be among the most important motivating forces in social behaviors. In this paper, we consider the notion of status from the perspective of a position or title held by a person in an enterprise. We study the intersection of social status and social networks in an enterprise. We study whether enterprise communication logs can help reveal how social interactions and individual status manifest themselves in social networks. To that end, we use two enterprise datasets with three communication channels - voice call, short message, and email - to demonstrate the social-behavioral differences among individuals with different status. We have several interesting findings and based on these findings we also develop a model to predict social status. On the individual level, high-status individuals are more likely to be spanned as structural holes by linking to people in parts of the enterprise networks that are otherwise not well connected to one another. On the community level, the principle of homophily, social balance and clique theory generally indicate a "rich club" maintained by high-status individuals, in the sense that this community is much more connected, balanced and dense. Our model can predict social status of individuals with 93% accuracy. PMID:25822343

Dong, Yuxiao; Tang, Jie; Chawla, Nitesh V; Lou, Tiancheng; Yang, Yang; Wang, Bai

2015-01-01

163

Social Media as a strategic tool for Corporate Communication/ Los Medios Sociales como una herramienta estratégica para la Comunicación Corporativa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Companies around the globe are embracing and adapting social media for many differentintentions: customer service, marketing, internal communications, public relations orcorporate social responsibility, etc. It is now a reality that social media is channging the waystakeholders and companies communicate daily, providing opportunities for collaboration,participation, interactivity, and engagement. Therefore, social media is conceived today inthe corporate world as a strategic communication partner, driving new and uniquepossibilities for organizations to engage stakeholders in conversations. We are witnesses of anew digital era where consumers are becoming active users rather than passive individuals,changing dramatically how society operates. But these useful technological tools areemployed widely and precisely by corporations in order to facilitate and improvecommunications? This research aims to discover the usage of different social mediaplatforms by Puerto Rican companies. A content analysis was performed to the Facebookand Twitter official profiles of the top 400 locally owned Puerto Rican companies of 2009.The principal objective was to find if social media sites were mainly used as a strategic toolfor corporate communication that can enhance stakeholder participation and engagement.Results showed that Puerto Rican companies are not employing social media platforms forimproving communications with different stakeholders, failing to take advantage of theenormous possibilities that social media has for communication./Compañías alrededor del mundo están utilizando los medios sociales para diferentespropósitos: servicio al cliente, mercadeo, comunicaciones internas, relaciones públicas oresponsabilidad social corporativa, etc. Hoy en día es una realidad que los medios socialesestán cambiando la manera en que se comunican las compañías con los distintos públicos deinterés, trayendo consigo oportunidades para la colaboración, el intercambio de ideas, laparticipación y el compromiso. En la actualidad los medios sociales son concebidos en elmundo corporativo como un socio estratégico comunicativo, brindando oportunidadesnuevas y únicas para el fomento de un diálogo efectivo con diferentes públicos. Somostestigos de una nueva era digital donde los consumidores se están convirtiendo en usuariosactivos en vez de permanecer como individuos pasivos, cambiando así dramáticamentecómo la sociedad opera. Pero, ¿son los medios sociales utilizados ampliamente por lasempresas con el fin de facilitar y mejorar las comunicaciones? Esta investigación pretendedescubrir el uso que las empresas puertorriqueñas le dan a las distintas plataformas demedios sociales. Un análisis de contenido fue realizado a las páginas oficiales de Facebook yTwitter de las 400 mejores empresas locales de Puerto Rico del año 2009. El objetivoprincipal fue descubrir si los medios sociales son utilizados principalmente como unaherramienta estratégica para la comunicación corporativa, fomentando así la participaciónde distintos públicos en conversaciones. Los resultados encontrados indican que lascompañías puertorriqueñas no utilizan los medios sociales para el fomento de lacomunicación con sus distintos públicos de interés, fallando en tomar ventaja de losenormes beneficios que los medios sociales ofrecen para la comunicación.

Ivette Soto Velez

2011-11-01

164

The persistence of social signatures in human communication  

CERN Document Server

The social brain hypothesis has suggested that social network size (and structure) is constrained by a combination of cognitive processes and the time required to service social relationships. We test this hypothesis in humans using a unique 18-month mobile phone dataset by examining changes in the structure of social networks across a major change in subjects' social and geographical circumstances. Our analysis reveals that the time allocation patterns of call frequency by participants to network members have a distinctive overall shape, where a small number of top-ranked network members received a disproportionately large fraction of calls, with some individual variation. However, importantly, whilst there was a large turnover of individual network members, these changes have little effect on the time allocation patterns of each individual: individuals thus displayed a distinctive "social signature" that was both persistent over time and independent of the identities of the network members. This provides th...

Saramaki, J; Lopez, E; Roberts, S G B; Reed-Tsochas, F; Dunbar, R I M

2012-01-01

165

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

OpenAIRE

Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Fa...

Cingel, Drew P.; Lauricella, Alexis R.; Ellen Wartella; Annie Conway

2014-01-01

166

Social Media for School Communication. Research into Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

It's easy to dismiss social media as a fascination of young people but to do so minimizes one of the fastest growing trends in technology. The Pew Internet and American Life Project recently found that over 71% of teens have a Facebook profile and 75% of adults have one too. Social media tools have become the way for a school or business to…

Williamson, Ronald

2012-01-01

167

Motion-guided attention promotes adaptive communications during social navigation  

OpenAIRE

Animals are capable of enhanced decision making through cooperation, whereby accurate decisions can occur quickly through decentralized consensus. These interactions often depend upon reliable social cues, which can result in highly coordinated activities in uncertain environments. Yet information within a crowd may be lost in translation, generating confusion and enhancing individual risk. As quantitative data detailing animal social interactions accumulate, the mechanisms enabling individua...

Lemasson, Bertrand H.; Anderson, James J.; Goodwin, R. Andrew

2013-01-01

168

Communicating Social Support to Grieving Clients: The Veterinarians' View  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory study examines veterinarians' perceptions of how they offer social support to grieving clients. Because many clients cannot find the social support they would like from other sources when grieving the death of a pet, the role of the vet in offering support becomes increasingly important. The results indicate that vets perceive…

Pilgram, Mary D.

2010-01-01

169

Social media and language learning: enhancing intercultural communicative competence  

OpenAIRE

Researchers have established that cultural openness is essential in language teaching. Indeed, it is believed that languages cannot be appropriately understood without appreciating the culture in which they are developed, and empathising with the people who communicate through them. However questions have been raised as to how to enhance awareness of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) most effectively. Teachers have implemented a number of educational methods with the aim to promote...

Le Baron-earle, Florence

2013-01-01

170

ON INTEGRATED COURSE “SOCIAL AND SPEECH COMMUNICATIONS” FOR STUDENTS OF ART HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the experience in teaching the course “Social and Speech Communication”. As the result of training the students are to master the arsenal of means for effective communication, the base of which turns out to be linguistic communication and its bearer that is the language personality, get knowledge about complex processes of information exchange, discover the psychological peculiarities of verbal and non-verbal communication, learn how to communicate for solving professional and personal problems.The skill of fluent mastering all kinds of speech activity, the skill of correct and intellectual communication in various spheres and structures, the skill of speech event linguistic analysis including from the point of view of their esthetical value represent the unity of systemic and individual approach in the sphere of humanitarian training for future architects, designers and managers.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-43

Elena Nicolaevna Klemenova

2013-11-01

171

Intencionalidade comunicativa: teorias e implicações para a cognição social infantil / Communicative intentionality: theories and implications for infant social cognition  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esse artigo explora a questão da intencionalidade comunicativa dos bebês e a aquisição dessa habilidade no primeiro ano de vida. Apresenta pontos de vista teóricos acerca dessa temática, pesquisas que assinalam a dimensão sociocomunicativa da linguagem, suas contribuições para a cognição social infa [...] ntil, e o papel do adulto na coconstrução dessa habilidade. Destaca, ainda, a relação estreita entre intenção comunicativa e contextos triádicos, os diferentes pontos de vista acerca do momento evolutivo em que surgem tais habilidades e as nuances na investigação dos atos comunicativos infantis, principalmente quando tais atos incorporam o elemento intencional. Abstract in english This paper explores babies' communicative intentionality and the acquisition of this ability in the first year of life. It presents a theoretical discussion of this theme, looking at research that points to the social-communicative dimension of language and its relevance to the child's social cognit [...] ion, as well as the adult's role in developing this ability. It also emphasizes the narrow relationship between triadic contexts and communicative intention, the different points of view on the evolutional moments in which this ability emerges and the nuances of the investigation into the infant's acts of communication, mainly when such acts incorporate the intentional element.

Fabíola de Sousa Braz, Aquino; Nádia Maria Ribeiro, Salomão.

2010-09-01

172

Comunicación para el cambio social: clave del desarrollo participativo / Communication For Social Change: A Key For Participatory Development  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El artículo revisa los conceptos clave de la comunicación para el desarrollo y el cambio social desde sus orígenes, en los años posteriores a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, hasta nuestros días. Dos corrientes principales se distinguen durante las cinco d´cadas pasadas: por una parte, una comunicación in [...] spirada en las teorías de la modernización y en t´cnicas derivadas de las estrategias de información utilizadas por el gobierno de Estados Unidos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y por la industria norteamericana para publicitar sus productos comerciales; y por otra, una comunicación nacida de las luchas sociales anticoloniales y antidictatoriales del Tercer Mundo, que tienen su referente acad´mico en las teorías de la dependencia. Abstract in english This paper is a review of key concepts on communication for development and social change form its origins after World War ii, until today. Two main trends have dominated over the five last decades: on the one hand, communication models inspired by modernization theories and techniques derived from [...] the information strategies used by the us Government during World War ii and by the industrial sector struggling to position its post-war products; on the other, communication approaches that emerged in the heat of the social and political struggles against colonial and dictatorial powers imposed on Third World countries, which find their academic and conceptual reference points in the dependency theories.

ALFONSO, GUMUCIO-DRAGON.

2011-06-01

173

[Therapeutic communication of blood: elements for a phenomenologic social psychology of the living].  

Science.gov (United States)

Blood is the most available and admissible of substitutive human products. However, neither an attitude favourable to its therapeutic transfusion nor a positive representation of blood is sufficient to predict an effective gift or an absence of fear to its reception. In this article, we synthesize various research of social psychology aiming at understanding what are these different bloods that the subjects accept or refuse to communicate. In order to give a new interpretation of the problems of the social communication of substitutive human product, we will evoke practice, attitudes and representations of blood starting from a model including seven factors of representation of biological materials - this model reflecting dimensions on which is based the intersubjective social network in which is carried out the therapeutic communication of blood. PMID:16996767

Oliviéro, P

2006-09-01

174

STor: Social Network based Anonymous Communication in Tor  

CERN Document Server

Anonymity networks hide user identities with the help of relayed anonymity routers. However, the state-of-the-art anonymity networks do not provide an effective trust model. As a result, users cannot circumvent malicious or vulnerable routers, thus making them susceptible to malicious router based attacks (e.g., correlation attacks). In this paper, we propose a novel social network based trust model to help anonymity networks circumvent malicious routers and obtain secure anonymity. In particular, we design an input independent fuzzy model to determine trust relationships between friends based on qualitative and quantitative social attributes, both of which can be readily obtained from existing social networks. Moreover, we design an algorithm for propagating trust over an anonymity network. We integrate these two components in STor, a novel social network based Tor. We have implemented STor by modifying the Tor's source code and conducted experiments on PlanetLab to evaluate the effectiveness of STor. Both s...

Zhou, Peng; Chen, Ang; Chang, Rocky K C

2011-01-01

175

Communication technology and social media: opportunities and implications for healthcare systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic patient education and communications, such as email, text messaging, and social media, are on the rise in healthcare today. This article explores potential uses of technology to seek solutions in healthcare for such challenges as modifying behaviors related to chronic conditions, improving efficiency, and decreasing costs. A brief discussion highlights the role of technologies in healthcare informatics and considers two theoretical bases for technology implementation. Discussion focuses more extensively on the ability and advantages of electronic communication technology, such as e-mail, social media, text messaging, and electronic health records, to enhance patient-provider e-communications in nursing today. Effectiveness of e-communication in healthcare is explored, including recent and emerging applications designed to improve patient-provider connections and review of current evidence supporting positive outcomes. The conclusion addresses the vision of nurses' place in the vanguard of these developments. PMID:23036059

Weaver, Betsy; Lindsay, Bill; Gitelman, Betsy

2012-09-01

176

Human Sensorimotor Communication: A Theory of Signaling in Online Social Interactions  

OpenAIRE

Although the importance of communication is recognized in several disciplines, it is rarely studied in the context of online social interactions and joint actions. During online joint actions, language and gesture are often insufficient and humans typically use non-verbal, sensorimotor forms of communication to send coordination signals. For example, when playing volleyball, an athlete can exaggerate her movements to signal her intentions to her teammates (say, a pass to the right) or to fein...

Pezzulo, Giovanni; Donnarumma, Francesco; Dindo, Haris

2013-01-01

177

Social communication :the impact of online customer reviews on purchase intention  

OpenAIRE

Consumer-generated product reviews have proliferated online. Driven by the notion that customers’ decision to purchase a product is influenced by the information they obtain from online customer reviews, this thesis examines the impact of online customer reviews on purchase intention. To do so, the research integrates traditional communication theories, in particular social communication by Hovland (1948), with the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) to build a theoretical model. Importantly...

Johansen, Kai Vegard; Hovland, Filip Lundberg

2013-01-01

178

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

OpenAIRE

The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process....

Olmo-arriaga, Josep-llui?s Del; Fondevila-gasco?n, Joan-francesc; Carreras-alcalde, Marta

2012-01-01

179

Assessing the marketing potential of communicating corporate social responsibility of a supply chain: method and application  

OpenAIRE

Abstract This article provides a method to assess the marketing potential of communicating corporate social responsibility of (agricultural) supply chains. The willingness of small firms in agricultural supply chains to make available information about certain dimensions of CSR is measured and combined with the dimensions of CSR that are important for consumers. This will identify the CSR dimensions that are easiest to communicate and which are most needed by consumers. Moreover, small firms...

Verhees, F. J. H. M.; Kuipers, A.; Meulenberg, M. T. G.

2006-01-01

180

Communication and Social Deficits in Relatives of Individuals with SLI and Relatives of Individuals with ASD  

OpenAIRE

We investigate two aspects of the autism triad, communication and social difficulties, in relatives of specific language impairment (SLI) probands (with and without additional autistic symptomatology) as compared to relatives of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Down’s syndrome (DS) probands. Findings involving 726 first degree relatives of 85 SLI, 99 ASD and 36 DS probands revealed a higher rate of communication difficulties in relatives of both subgroups of SLI probands compared to ASD a...

Pickles, Andrew; St Clair, Michelle C.; Conti-ramsden, Gina

2012-01-01

181

New Tech, New Ties: : How mobile communication is reshaping social cohesion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The message of this book is simple: the mobile phone strengthens social bonds among family and friends. With a traditional land-line telephone, we place calls to a location and ask hopefully if someone is "there"; with a mobile phone, we have instant and perpetual access to friends and family regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions—those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family—sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present—and creates what he calls "bounded solidarity." Ling argues that mobile communication helps to engender and develop social cohesion within the family and the peer group. Drawing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Erving Goffman, and Randall Collins, Ling shows that ritual interaction is a catalyst for the development of social bonding. From this perspective, he examines how mobile communication affects face-to-face ritual situations and how ritual is used in interaction mediated by mobile communication. He looks at the evidence, including interviews and observations from around the world, that documents the effect of mobile communication on social bonding and also examines some of the other possibly problematic issues raised by tighter social cohesion in small groups.

Ling, Richard

2008-01-01

182

The Ability of Narrative Communication to Address Health-related Social Norms  

Science.gov (United States)

Social norms are an important predictor of health behavior and have been targeted by a variety of health communication campaigns. However, these campaigns often encounter challenges related to the socially specific context in which norms exist: specifically, the extent to which the target population identifies with the reference group presented in the ad and the extent to which the target population believes the campaign's message. We argue that because of its capacity to effect identification among viewers, narrative communication is particularly appropriate for impacting social norms and, consequently, behavioral intention. This manuscript presents the results of a randomized trial testing the effectiveness of two films – one narrative, one non-narrative – in changing perceived social norms and behavioral intention regarding Pap testing to detect cervical cancer. Results of the study indicate that the narrative film was in fact more effective at producing positive changes in perceived norm and intention. PMID:24179677

Moran, Meghan Bridgid; Murphy, Sheila T.; Frank, Lauren; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes

2013-01-01

183

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand alone, it needs an effective media for its placement, one of them is packaging design. By using a Biskiz Susu packaging design as a case study, I try to analyze the design elements, like color, shape, brand, illustration/character, typography, and layout and then connect them with aspects like: the visual perception impact of packaging design and the importance in communicating Corporate Social Responsibility. For input information, I also discuss some consideration aspects of placing the contributor’s identity on the packaging. Based on this study, the contributor’s information in the products gives many advantages. The result shows that graphic design could be the effective element for communicating Corporate Social Responsibility and packaging design can be one of the recommended media for graphic design placement. Hopefully, this analysis could help a corporation, organization or the government in organizing the graphic design elements and considering a packaging as a medium to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR.

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

184

A Comparison between the Occurrence of Pauses, Repetitions and Recasts under Conditions of Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Communication: A Preliminary Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares pauses, repetitions and recasts in matched task interactions under face-to-face and computer-mediated conditions. Six first-year English undergraduates at a Turkish University took part in Skype-based voice chat with a native speaker and face-to-face with their instructor. Preliminary quantitative analysis of transcripts showed…

Cabaroglu, Nese; Basaran, Suleyman; Roberts, Jon

2010-01-01

185

Signaling and Reciprocity: Robust Decentralized Information Flows in Social, Communication, and Computer Networks  

OpenAIRE

Complex networks exist for a number of purposes. The neural, metabolic and food networks ensure our survival, while the social, economic, transportation and communication networks allow us to prosper. Independently of the purposes and particularities of the physical embodiment of the networks, one of their fundamental functions is the delivery of information from one part of the network to another. Gossip and diseases diffuse in the social networks, ...

Galuba, Wojciech

2011-01-01

186

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

OpenAIRE

Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand a...

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

187

An evaluation of keyword extraction from online communication for the characterisation of social relations  

OpenAIRE

The set of interpersonal relationships on a social network service or a similar online community is usually highly heterogenous. The concept of tie strength captures only one aspect of this heterogeneity. Since the unstructured text content of online communication artefacts is a salient source of information about a social relationship, we investigate the utility of keywords extracted from the message body as a representation of the relationship's characteristics as reflecte...

Hauffa, Jan; Lichtenberg, Tobias; Groh, Georg

2014-01-01

188

Evidence-based, parent-mediated interventions for young children with autism spectrum disorder: The case of restricted and repetitive behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Restricted and repetitive behaviors represent a core symptom of autism spectrum disorders. While there has been an increase in research into this domain in recent years, compared to social-communication impairments experienced by children with autism spectrum disorders, much less is known about their development, etiology, and management. Parent-mediated interventions have become increasingly popular in the field, with a surge of studies reporting significant findings in social communication and cognitive development in early childhood. Restricted and repetitive behaviors are often not specifically targeted or measured as an outcome within these interventions. This article reviews how 29 parent-mediated interventions approached the management, treatment, and measurement of restricted and repetitive behaviors. Recommendations for research and practice are presented. PMID:25186943

Harrop, Clare

2014-09-01

189

Students' Orientation towards Interpersonal Communication in Online Social Networking Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: As computer-mediated communication has diffused, successive technological variations raise new questions about interpersonal impressions and several standardized instruments have been advanced in literature to asses various aspect of interpersonal attraction phenomena. The purpose of this paper is to examine the claims for reliability and…

Kayode, Bakare Kazeem; Zamzami, Ikhlas F.; Olowolayemo, Akeem

2012-01-01

190

Critical Communicative Methodology: Informing Real Social Transformation through Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The critical communicative methodology (CCM) is a methodological response to the dialogic turn of societies and sciences that has already had an important impact in transforming situations of inequality and exclusion. Research conducted with the CCM implies continuous and egalitarian dialogue among researchers and the people involved in the…

Gomez, Aitor; Puigvert, Lidia; Flecha, Ramon

2011-01-01

191

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process. We observe a high influence of ethics (humanistic and holistic ethics in the training, religious orientation as a factor considered to select the Communication studies.

Josep-Lluís del OLMO-ARRIAGA

2012-12-01

192

The Construction of Corporate Social Responsibility in Network Societies : A Communication View  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper introduces the communication view on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which regards CSR as communicatively constructed in dynamic interaction processes in today's networked societies. Building on the idea that communication constitutes organizations we discuss the potentially indeterminate, disintegrative, and conflictual character of CSR. We hereby challenge established mainstream views on CSR such as the instrumental view, which regards CSR as an organizational instrument to reach organizational aims such as improved reputation and financial performance, and the political-normative view on CSR, which highlights the societal conditions and role of corporations in creating norms. We argue that both the established views, by not sufficiently acknowledging communication dynamics in networked societies, remain biased in three ways: control-biased, consistency-biased, and consensus-biased. We discuss implications of these biases and propose a future research agenda for the communication view on CSR.

Schultz, Friederike; Castello, Itziar

2013-01-01

193

Modeling self-organization of communication and topology in social networks  

CERN Document Server

This paper introduces a model of self-organization between communication and topology in social networks, with a feedback between different communication habits and the topology. To study this feedback, we let agents communicate to build a perception of a network and use this information to create strategic links. We observe a narrow distribution of links when the communication is low and a system with a broad distribution of links when the communication is high. We also analyze the outcome of chatting, cheating, and lying, as strategies to get better access to information in the network. Chatting, although only adopted by a few agents, gives a global gain in the system. Contrary, a global loss is inevitable in a system with too many liars

Rosvall, M

2006-01-01

194

Developing a Schedule to Identify Social Communication Difficulties and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children with Visual Impairment  

Science.gov (United States)

Available observational tools used in the identification of social communication difficulties and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) rely partly on visual behaviours and therefore may not be valid in children with visual impairment. A pilot observational instrument, the Visual Impairment and Social Communication Schedule (VISS), was…

Absoud, Michael; Parr, Jeremy R.; Salt, Alison; Dale, Naomi

2011-01-01

195

Analysis of Retailers’Communication Approaches in Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reports  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the emergence of stakeholders’ societal awareness, retailers adopted different types of social actions and have recently begun to publish social reports to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and social responsibility in order to be perceived as good corporate citizens.The purpose of this paper is to analyze and to discuss approaches adopted by retailers in communicating about their societal commitment through their non-financial reports.Using a qualitative methodology, we found that these reports are purely informative for some retailers, whereas for others, they are a societal positioning tool allowing retailers to differentiate themselves from competitors.

MEJRI Mohamed

2012-03-01

196

Adolescent Peer Relationships and Behavior Problems Predict Young Adults' Communication on Social Networking Websites  

OpenAIRE

This study examined online communication on social networking web pages in a longitudinal sample of 92 youths (39 male, 53 female). Participants' social and behavioral adjustment was assessed when they were ages 13–14 years and again at ages 20–22 years. At ages 20–22 years, participants' social networking website use and indicators of friendship quality on their web pages were coded by observers. Results suggested that youths who had been better adjusted at ages 13–14 years were more...

Mikami, Amori Yee; Szwedo, David E.; Allen, Joseph P.; Evans, Meredyth A.; Hare, Amanda L.

2010-01-01

197

New Media and Social Media in the Political Communication  

OpenAIRE

This study presents the 2009 Romanian presidential elections and the way in which thecandidates interacted with the new communication technologies. After the first research conducted on the2004 online electoral campaigns, we noticed that, in Romania, the degree of alphabetization and politicalparticipation (the number of people knowing how to read and write, or the number of those effectivelyparticipating at the poll) is just as small as it was after the mass internet was introduced and after...

Antonio Momoc

2011-01-01

198

Ethics, Social Media and Mass Self-Communication  

OpenAIRE

Un modèle révisé de l’éthique en matière d’information est présenté. Il peut s’avérer utile dans l’analyse des défis éthiques, dans ce que Manuel Castells décrit comme un système émergent d’"auto-communication de masse" dans lequel les media sociaux jouent un rôle-clé. Le modèle identifie trois sources ou spécificités de notre ère de l’information qui débouchent sur cinq problèmes éthiques liés à cinq droits individuels. Alors que le système d’...

Vaagan, Robert Wallace

2011-01-01

199

Optimizing employee engagement with internal communication: A social exchange perspective  

OpenAIRE

Employee engagement is linked to higher productivity, lower attrition, and improved organizational reputations resulting in increased focus and resourcing by managers to foster an engaged workforce. While drivers of employee engagement have been identified as perceived support, job characteristics, and value congruence, internal communication is theoretically suggested to be a key influence in both the process and maintenance of employee engagement efforts. However, understanding the mechanis...

Karanges, Emma Ruth; Beatson, Amanda; Johnston, Kim; Lings, Ian

2014-01-01

200

Social participation of school-aged children who use communication aids: the views of children and parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social participation is crucial for children's development and well-being; however, little is known about the social participation of children who use communication aids. This article presents findings from interviews with eight 5- to 14-year-old children who used communication aids and their parents about social participation, communicative interactions, and peer relationships. Video- and audio-recordings were transcribed and analyzed using thematic content analysis, and five themes were identified. Two themes reflect parents' views: Communication partners and strategies and Access to aided communication. Three themes reflect perceptions expressed both by children and parents: Participation in society, Interaction opportunities, and Social relationships. The findings provide insights into both the achievements and the challenges experienced by young people who use aided communication. PMID:25115791

Batorowicz, Beata; Campbell, Fiona; von Tetzchner, Stephen; King, Gillian; Missiuna, Cheryl

2014-09-01

201

When Do We Communicate Stereotypes? Influence of the Social Context on the Linguistic Expectancy Bias  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The linguistic expectancy bias (LEB) refers to the tendency to describe expectancy consistent information at a higher level of linguistic abstraction than expectancy inconsistent information. Two experiments examined the influence of the social communicative context on the production of this linguistic bias by manipulating the group membership of the actor in, and the recipient of, stereotypical in...

Wigboldus, Danie?l H. J.; Spears, Russell; Semin, Gu?n R.

2005-01-01

202

Communication, Academic, and Social Skills of Young Adults with Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This manuscript reports on data collected as part of a larger research study designed to investigate factors that facilitate the integration of children with hearing loss into mainstream environments. Aspects of communicative, academic, and social functioning for 43 adolescents and young adults were examined using questionnaires. In addition,…

Eriks-Brophy, Alice; Durieux-Smith, Andree; Olds, Janet; Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth M.; Duquette, Cheryll; Whittingham, JoAnne

2012-01-01

203

Social Media Use to Enhance Internal Communication: Course Design for Business Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Organizations are increasingly using social media to improve their internal communication. When successfully implemented, such initiatives can have a dramatic impact on internal efficiency, team collaboration, innovation, organizational alignment, and cultural transformation. This article describes a course offered by the Ross School of Business,…

Young, Amy M.; Hinesly, Mary D.

2014-01-01

204

Private and Inner Speech and the Regulation of Social Speech Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

To further investigate the possible regulatory role of private and inner speech in the context of referential social speech communications, a set of clear and systematically applied measures is needed. This study addresses this need by introducing a rigorous method for identifying private speech and certain sharply defined instances of inaudible…

San Martin Martinez, Conchi; Boada i Calbet, Humbert; Feigenbaum, Peter

2011-01-01

205

Parent-Implemented Social-Pragmatic Communication Intervention: A Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This pilot study investigated the feasibility and effectiveness of a home-based parent training and coaching program on the use of naturalistic and visual teaching strategies by parents of children (aged 2-5 years) with Down syndrome to promote and enhance these children's social-pragmatic communication skills. Five parent…

Meadan, Hedda; Angell, Maureen E.; Stoner, Julia B.; Daczewitz, Marcus E.

2014-01-01

206

Exploring the Potential of Social Network Sites in Relation to Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the results of a project which used a social network site to support students on a year abroad and foster informal learning, particularly in the area of intercultural communication. The project employed a peer-mentoring structure to solve the problem of role conflict, in which users of these sites may feel some tension as…

Lang, Anouk

2012-01-01

207

The Voice of Experience: How Social Scientists Communicate Family Research to Policymakers  

OpenAIRE

Because scientific understanding of communicating family research to policymakers is incomplete, qualitative interviews were conducted with social scientists experienced in bridging the gulf between research and family policy. In keeping with the tenets of two communities and community dissonance theories, the underutilization of research in policymaking was attributed, in part, to misperceptions and miscommunication between researchers and policymakers who operate in different cultures. Soci...

Friese, Bettina; Bogenschneider, Karen

2009-01-01

208

Willingness To Communicate, Social Support, and Language Learning Orientations of Immersion Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypothesized that orientations toward language learning (L2) as well as social support would influence students willingness to communicate (WTC) in a second language. Grade 9 L2 students of French immersion participated in the study. Results showed endorsement of all five orientations (travel, job related, friendship with Francophones, personal…

MacIntyre, Peter D.; Baker, Susan C.; Clement, Richard; Conrod, Sarah

2001-01-01

209

Communication during Employee Dismissals: Social Exchange Principles and Group Influences on Employee Exit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Uses social exchange theory to examine the process by which employees are dismissed from organizations. Examines interview data from an exploratory study that suggests managers are influenced by information from group members as they calculate a cost-benefit ratio for the employer-employee relationship. Indicates a progression of communication

Cox, Stephen A.; Kramer, Michael W.

1995-01-01

210

Brief Report: Early Social Communication Behaviors in the Younger Siblings of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

The early social and communicative development of very young siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the focus of the current study. Three groups of children were included: (1) young children diagnosed with ASD, (2) younger siblings in families with a somewhat older child with ASD, and (3) young typically developing children.…

Goldberg, Wendy A.; Jarvis, Kelly L.; Osann, Kathryn; Laulhere, Tracy M.; Straub, Carol; Thomas, Erin; Filipek, Pauline; Spence, M. Anne

2005-01-01

211

Social media as a new channel for company communication on the example of clothing company  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evolution of marketing orientations, issues of company and market communication are submitted in the article. The role of social media and its using by companies and their customers are pointed. The author of this article has presented the results of the research conducted with young citizens of Silesia Voivodeship.

A. Widawska-Stanisz

2014-03-01

212

Information and Communication Technologies Used by Undergraduate Students in their Academic and Socialization Activities  

Science.gov (United States)

The growth of availability and access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in higher education in Mexico is a fact. Nevertheless, not much is known about how students use these resources in their school and social activities. A survey to obtain information about how undergraduates use web resources and cell phones was designed and…

Herrera-Batista, Miguel A.; Gonzalez-Martinez, Maria Dolores

2008-01-01

213

Modelos de determinação social das doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis Models of social determination of chronic non-communicable diseases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este ensaio revisa criticamente marcos referenciais e modelos teóricos de determinação social das chamadas Doenças Crônicas Não-Transmissíveis. A sociologia funcionalista gerou modelos socioculturais de saúde que influenciaram o campo de investigação epidemiológica da chamada "nova morbidade" (basicamente enfermidades crônicas e degenerativas, posteriormente agrupados sob o rótulo genérico de Teoria do Estresse. Analisam-se abordagens neodurkheimianas das desigualdades sociais, baseadas no conceito de capital social, criticando especialmente os usos quase-teóricos da noção de "estilo de vida" no campo da saúde. Discutem-se ainda alguns modelos derivados do materialismo dialético que se tornaram bastante influentes na epidemiologia social latino-americana, com base nos conceitos de trabalho e classe social. Finalmente, considerando lacunas teóricas e conceituais dessas teorias parciais no que diz respeito ao espaço simbólico da vida social, apresentam-se as bases conceituais de um enfoque teórico alternativo - a "teoria do modo de vida e saúde". Tomada como síntese possível dos modelos objeto desta revisão crítica, considera-se esta teoria como especialmente indicada para a elaboração de modelos epidemiológicos de determinação social de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis.This essay critically revises theoretical frameworks and models of social determination of chronic non-communicable diseases. Functionalist sociology generated sociocultural models of health that influenced the field of epidemiologic investigation of so-called "new morbidity" (basically chronic and degenerative illnesses, later contained under the generic label of stress theory. Neo-durkheimian approaches of social inequalities, based on the social capital concept, are analyzed and theoretical uses of the lifestyle notion in the health field are criticized. Models derived from the dialectical materialism, grounded on the concepts of labor and social class, are also discussed as they have turned quite influential in Latin-American social epidemiology. Finally, considering theoretical and conceptual gaps of such partial theories in what concerns the symbolic space of the social life, the conceptual bases of an alternative theoretical focus: the theory of mode of life and health. As a possible synthesis of the models object of this critical review, it is considered as especially suitable for the elaboration of epidemiologic models of social determination of non-transmissible chronic diseases.

Naomar Almeida-Filho

2004-12-01

214

La saillance dans les campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale : analyse des ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Le champ d’investigation que nous nous proposons d’explorer lors de la présente étude porte sur les ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques de mise en relief ayant pour but la persuasion du public cible lors des campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale. Prenant appui sur les théories de Wolters (2001, de Stevenson (2002 et de Landragin (2010, parmi d’autres, nous nous proposons de dégager les instruments dont se sert la communication sociale pour marquer la saillance physique, cognitive et linguistique. On constatera par de nombreux exemples analysés, insérés dans notre corpus, qu’une entité de discours devient tout particulièrement saillante par la combinaison de critères divers tels que l’altération de l’ordre habituel de différentes catégories grammaticales dans la phrase, les fréquentes mises en apposition, les réduplications, les anaphores, les constructions syntaxiques qui marquent la rupture ou renforcent une certaine idée. Nous insisterons également sur la rigueur des principes techniques qui interviennent dans l'élaboration de la stratégie de communication sociale tels que l’unité du thème, la maîtrise du facteur temps, la considération de trois étapes bien délimitées : savoir – vouloir – agir. L’interprétation d’un message est basée sur la saillance préalable des entités discursives et des objets perceptibles dans une situation de communication mais la production du langage fait également intervenir la saillance, une saillance diverse selon la finalité de communication recherchée.

Eurrutia Cavero Mercedes

2012-07-01

215

Towards a Renaissance in Communication for Social Change Redefining the discipline and practice in the post ‘Arab Spring’ era  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Worldwide, we have experienced a resurgence in practices of bottom-up communication for social change, a plethora of agency in which voice, citizenship and collective action have centre stage as core values, principles and practices. This resurgence sparks a series of questions; How are these new calls for social change and their principles and communicative practices influencing and informing the thinking and practice of institutionalized communication for development and social change? And what are the underlying conceptual differences in the notions of action, participation and social change which inform the new generation of social movements, on one side, and the established field of communication for social change, on the other? These are the questions that drive this chapter.

Tufte, Thomas

2013-01-01

216

The Private Communications of Magnetic Recording under Socialism (Retrospective Disco Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes the formation and development of a general model of rare sound records in the structure of institutions of a social communication. The author considers psychocomminicative features of the filophone communication as a special type of interaction in the field of entertainment. The author studied the causes and conditions of a tape subculture in the USSR. It is observed the dynamics of the disco-communication in limited information conditions from socialism till modern high-tech conditions.At the end of the article the author argues based achievements in the field of advanced technology systems, innovation revival in the industry of music-record. Hence, using innovative approaches in the study, the author sets out the basic concept of recording popular music as a special information and legal institution, in retrospect, the theory and practice of the future needs in the information society.

Oleg Vladimir Sineokij

2013-07-01

217

The Role of Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams : A Social Network Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The importance of communication and trust in the context of global virtual teams has been noted and reiterated in the information systems (IS) literature. Yet precisely how communication and trust influence certain outcomes within virtual teams remains unresolved. In this study, we seek to contribute some clarity to the understanding of the theoretical linkages among trust, communication, and member performance in virtual teams. To this end, we identify and test three proposed models (additive, interaction, and mediation) describing the role of trust in its relationship with communication to explain performance. In testing the relationships, we note that the concepts of communication and trust are inherently relational and not properties of individuals. Thus, we argue that a social network approach is potentially more appropriate than attribute-based approaches that have been utilized in prior research. Our results indicate that the "mediating" model best explains how communication and trust work together to influence performance. Overall, the study contributes to the existing body of knowledge on virtual teams by empirically reconciling conflicting views regarding the interrelationships between key constructs in the literature. Further, the study, through its adoption of the social network analysis approach, provides awareness within the IS research community of the strengths of applying network approaches in examining new organizational forms.

Sarker, Saonee; Ahuja, Manju

2011-01-01

218

Unpacking Social Media’s Role in Resource Provision: Variations across Relational and Communicative Properties  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available New information and communication technologies (ICTs challenge existing beliefs regarding the exchange of social resources within a network. The present study examines individuals’ perceived access to social, emotional, and instrumental resources by analyzing relational and Facebook-specific characteristics of dyadic relationships. Results suggest that the social and technical affordances of the site—including visibility of content and connections, as well as streamlined processes for interacting with a large audience—may augment existing perceptions of resource access for some ties while providing a major (or sole outlet to interact and exchange resources with others. Specifically, weaker ties appear to benefit more than strong ties from engagement in directed communication and relationship maintenance strategies, while additional variations were observed across relationship category, dyad composition, and geographic proximity. In summary, these findings provide new evidence for how positive relational gains may be derived from site use.

Jessica Vitak

2014-10-01

219

On building socially responsible printing: an Organizational Communication Based Study Carried out on Higher Education Institution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to analyze how organizational communication tools are used to manage printing, from both internal and external audiences, in what regards social responsibility in three Higher Education Institutions from Pernambuco (UFPE, FAFIRE, ASCES. In order to build our theoretical framework, we have used concepts from Printing Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Theory, Organi-zational Communication, Organizational Culture and Organizational Structure. With respect to culture, a system of representations and shared values emerges, according to Fischer’s Model (1996. This system influences and is influenced by the organizational structure. We present an overview of Higher Education Institutions and their role on building society, according to the argument presented by Calderón (2010. In this work we discuss the creation of socially responsible printing, through communication with the interested audien-ces, as suggested by the model proposed by Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997. The methodology chosen in this research work is a multiple case study. To this end, we have chosen three institutions, two located in Recife and one in Caruaru, cities in the state of Pernambuco. We have carried out a qualitative investigation. Thus, we have performed a field study with semi-structured interviews, document analysis, direct observations within the institutions in question, as well as indirect observation of photographs and videos. Amongst the results found, the actions performed were shown to be consistent with the management model and culture. The participants of the study have shown us that they are aware of the social role of Higher Education institutions, and have identified the students, professors, workers, students parents, associations, consumers and public service as the main stakeholders involved. Amongst the most commonly used strategies to build a socially responsible strategy, we can highlight exemplification and organizational pro-motion. Higher Education Institutions have shown consistency between Corporate Social Respon-sibility and their cultures and identities, insofar as they tend to communicate only what becomes practice. Our expectation is that this work can bring about knowledge that is relevant both to academia, in what regards the application and verification of theoretical models, as well as to communication and social responsibility managers, when they provide information about the social practices undertaken, as well as the printing management process that contributes to the image of a socially responsible Corporation.

Silvio Luiz Paula

2014-04-01

220

Social marketing communication in a multicultural environment: Practical issues and theoretical contributions from cross-cultural marketing  

OpenAIRE

Social marketing communication (social marcom) campaign production can be more challenging when the audience includes individuals from ‘culturally and linguistically diverse’ (CALD) communities. Additional issues such as culturally related values, practices, and attitudes need consideration. Normally, social marcoms campaigns for CALD audiences involve directly translating mainstream campaign material into various ethnic groups’ languages. However, little is understood about the issues ...

Gary Noble.; Michael Camit

2005-01-01

221

Repetitive behavior and restricted interests in young children with autism: comparisons with controls and stability over 2 years.  

Science.gov (United States)

Restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities [RRBs] are among the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Previous studies have indicated that RRBs differentiate ASD from other developmental disorders and from typical development. This study examined the presentation of RRBs as reported on the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised, a caregiver report, in children with ASD [separated into autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified groups] compared with children with nonspectrum developmental delays or typical development. We examined the role of age, cognitive functioning, sex and social communication impairment as they relate to RRBs. The stability of RRBs in children with autism was also examined over the course of 2 years. Results of the study confirmed that the amount and type of RRBs differs by diagnosis. Age, cognitive functioning, sex and social-communication impairment were not significant correlates. Among children with autism, RRBs remained stable over time. PMID:23868881

Joseph, Lisa; Thurm, Audrey; Farmer, Cristan; Shumway, Stacy

2013-12-01

222

Study on Communication System of Social Risk Information on Nuclear Energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a new risk communication method for the construction of effective knowledge bases about 'safety and non-anxiety for nuclear energy', a study on new communication method of social risk information by means of electronic communication has been started, by noticing rapid expansion of internet usage in the society. The purpose of this research is to enhance the public acceptance to nuclear power in Japan by the following two aspects. The first is to develop the mutual communication system among the working persons involved in both the operation and maintenance activities for nuclear power plant, by which they will exchange their daily experiences to improve the safety conscious activities to foster 'safety culture' attitude. The other is the development of an effective risk communication system between nuclear society and the general publics about the hot issues of 'what are the concerned involved in the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste?' and 'what should we do to have social consensus to deal with this issue in future'. The authors' research plan for the above purpose is summarized as shown in Table 1. As the first step of the authors' three year research project which started from August 2003, social investigation by questionnaires by internet and postal mail, have been just recently conducted on their risk perception for the nuclear power for the people engaged in nuclear business and women in the metropolitan area, respectively, in order to obtain thearea, respectively, in order to obtain the relevant information on how and what should be considered for constructing effective risk communication methods of social risk information between the people within nuclear industries and the general public in society. Although there need to be discussed, the contrasting risk images as shown in Fig.1, can be depicted between the nuclear people and general public these days in Japan, from the results of the social investigation. As the conclusion of the authors' study thus far conducted, the contrasting risk perceptions by both the nuclear people and the general public which are shown in Fig. 1, will contribute to the authors' development of two risk communication systems as the next step of this research project, the one for 'Community network system to foster safety culture among nuclear workers', while the other for 'Affective risk communication network open to society'. (authors)

223

The role of social and decision sciences in communicating uncertain climate risks  

Science.gov (United States)

A major challenge facing climate scientists is explaining to non-specialists the risks and uncertainties surrounding potential changes over the coming years, decades and centuries. Although there are many guidelines for climate communication, there is little empirical evidence of their efficacy, whether for dispassionately explaining the science or for persuading people to act in more sustainable ways. Moreover, climate communication faces new challenges as assessments of climate-related changes confront uncertainty more explicitly and adopt risk-based approaches to evaluating impacts. Given its critical importance, public understanding of climate science deserves the strongest possible communications science to convey the practical implications of large, complex, uncertain physical, biological and social processes. Here, we identify the communications science that is needed to meet this challenge and the ambitious, interdisciplinary initiative that its effective application to climate science requires.

Pidgeon, Nick; Fischhoff, Baruch

2011-04-01

224

Dimensiones de la comunicación y de la información: la doble faz de la realidad social / The Dimensions of Information and Communications: or the Reversibility of Social Reality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El artículo relaciona información y comunicación, estructura y proceso social. Además, propone tres dimensiones del proceso de comunicación y su relación con la abducción y los procesos indiciales de Peirce. También asocia dimensiones comunicacionales con categorías de análisis social. Se persigue e [...] l desarrollo asistemático de un paradigma sociocomunicacional conforme a proposiciones de Imre Lakatos Abstract in english This paper links information and communications, that is, structure and social processes. Furthermore, it proposes three dimensions vis-à-vis the communication process and its connection to Peirce's abduction and indicial processes. Herein, we also associate communicational dimensions with categorie [...] s used in social analysis. In short, we attempt an asystemic development of a socio-communicational paradigm as suggested by the propositions of Imre Lakatos.

EDUARDO ANDRÉS, VIZER.

2009-12-01

225

About communication in social media – an analysis of the Polish Presidency Facebook Profile from a perspective of social communication theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The half year of the Polish Presidency on the one hand was a great challenge but from the other hand a tremendous chance to promote the country and society. Activities were taken up in many different areas – using new technologies was an important part of the project, including new media which by the creation of the Polish Presidency Facebook Profile turned out to be an integral part of Presidency. Using the possibility of providing a two-way communication proved that the potential of Facebook was understood. Running the fan page also showed a new face of diplomacy putting it in the area of public diplomacy.

Martyna Tomiczek

2012-06-01

226

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-06-01

227

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive communication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-01-01

228

Social strategy games in communicating trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation in cities  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cities are becoming the locus of climate change policy and planning, both for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. These actions involve a number of trade-offs, including densification of the urban structure, concerns over social equity and the proper use of green infrastructure for adaptation. Many of these impacts are difficult to quantify and their interdependencies are often challenging to comprehend and communicate. There are a number of outstanding gaps in knowledge both in research and in practice in relation to how decisions are made between adaptation and mitigation strategies and what kinds of negative and positive synergies can be identified between them. This paper explores how social games can help people to communicate the trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation measures in an urban environment and examines the possibilities of using social gaming as a research method. Data was collected from Denmark, Finland and the US through organized gaming sessions. The conclusion of the study is that social games, although methodologically challenging, are a promising method to communicate complex planning problems.

Juhola, Sirkku; Driscoll, Patrick Arthur

2013-01-01

229

Exploiting social networking technologies in order to enhance internal communication within and across a large enterprise : Improving a Corporate Social Network  

OpenAIRE

Today the use of the social networking technologies is becoming more common in users daily lives, both their professional and personal lives. Recently the application of social networking technologies’ communication power has begun to be leveraged by enterprises in order to gain competitive advantage in terms of productivity and employees’ efficiency & job performance. However, there exist some gaps in the communication and coordination processes within a company between the different...

Paredes Sanz, Jesus

2013-01-01

230

A comparative study on communication structures of Chinese journals in the social sciences  

CERN Document Server

We argue that the communication structures in the Chinese social sciences have not yet been sufficiently reformed. Citation patterns among Chinese domestic journals in three subject areas -- political science and marxism, library and information science, and economics -- are compared with their counterparts internationally. Like their colleagues in the natural and life sciences, Chinese scholars in the social sciences provide fewer references to journal publications than their international counterparts; like their international colleagues, social scientists provide fewer references than natural sciences. The resulting citation networks, therefore, are sparse. Nevertheless, the citation structures clearly suggest that the Chinese social sciences are far less specialized in terms of disciplinary delineations than their international counterparts. Marxism studies are more established than political science in China. In terms of the impact of the Chinese political system on academic fields, disciplines closely r...

Zhou, Ping; Leydesdorff, Loet

2010-01-01

231

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-verbal Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's nonverbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social parameters factors with the empirical data from corpus analysis, we establish a model that predicts posture. The predictions from our model successfully demonstrate that both cultural background and social relationship moderate communicative non-verbal behaviors.

Akhter Lipi, Afia; Nakano, Yukiko; Rehm, Mathias

232

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-Verbal Behaviors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's non-verbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social parameters factors with the empirical data from corpus analysis, we establish a model that predicts posture. The predictions from our model successfully demonstrate that both cultural background and social relationship moderate communicative non-verbal behaviors.

Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko

2010-01-01

233

Methods for Inferring Health-Related Social Networks among Coworkers from Online Communication Patterns  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies of social networks, mapped using self-reported contacts, have demonstrated the strong influence of social connections on the propensity for individuals to adopt or maintain healthy behaviors and on their likelihood to adopt health risks such as obesity. Social network analysis may prove useful for businesses and organizations that wish to improve the health of their populations by identifying key network positions. Health traits have been shown to correlate across friendship ties, but evaluating network effects in large coworker populations presents the challenge of obtaining sufficiently comprehensive network data. The purpose of this study was to evaluate methods for using online communication data to generate comprehensive network maps that reproduce the health-associated properties of an offline social network. In this study, we examined three techniques for inferring social relationships from email traffic data in an employee population using thresholds based on: (1) the absolute number of emails exchanged, (2) logistic regression probability of an offline relationship, and (3) the highest ranked email exchange partners. As a model of the offline social network in the same population, a network map was created using social ties reported in a survey instrument. The email networks were evaluated based on the proportion of survey ties captured, comparisons of common network metrics, and autocorrelation of body mass index (BMI) across social ties. Results demonstrated that logistic regression predicted the greatest proportion of offline social ties, thresholding on number of emails exchanged produced the best match to offline network metrics, and ranked email partners demonstrated the strongest autocorrelation of BMI. Since each method had unique strengths, researchers should choose a method based on the aspects of offline behavior of interest. Ranked email partners may be particularly useful for purposes related to health traits in a social network. PMID:23418436

Matthews, Luke J.; DeWan, Peter; Rula, Elizabeth Y.

2013-01-01

234

Methods for inferring health-related social networks among coworkers from online communication patterns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies of social networks, mapped using self-reported contacts, have demonstrated the strong influence of social connections on the propensity for individuals to adopt or maintain healthy behaviors and on their likelihood to adopt health risks such as obesity. Social network analysis may prove useful for businesses and organizations that wish to improve the health of their populations by identifying key network positions. Health traits have been shown to correlate across friendship ties, but evaluating network effects in large coworker populations presents the challenge of obtaining sufficiently comprehensive network data. The purpose of this study was to evaluate methods for using online communication data to generate comprehensive network maps that reproduce the health-associated properties of an offline social network. In this study, we examined three techniques for inferring social relationships from email traffic data in an employee population using thresholds based on: (1) the absolute number of emails exchanged, (2) logistic regression probability of an offline relationship, and (3) the highest ranked email exchange partners. As a model of the offline social network in the same population, a network map was created using social ties reported in a survey instrument. The email networks were evaluated based on the proportion of survey ties captured, comparisons of common network metrics, and autocorrelation of body mass index (BMI) across social ties. Results demonstrated that logistic regression predicted the greatest proportion of offline social ties, thresholding on number of emails exchanged produced the best match to offline network metrics, and ranked email partners demonstrated the strongest autocorrelation of BMI. Since each method had unique strengths, researchers should choose a method based on the aspects of offline behavior of interest. Ranked email partners may be particularly useful for purposes related to health traits in a social network. PMID:23418436

Matthews, Luke J; DeWan, Peter; Rula, Elizabeth Y

2013-01-01

235

Communicative social capital and collective efficacy as determinants of access to health-enhancing resources in residential communities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article contributes to the burgeoning literature on the social determinants of health disparities. The authors investigate how communication resources and collective efficacy, independently and in combination, shape residents' access to health enhancing resources (including healthcare services, sources of healthier food options, and public recreation spaces) in their communities. Using random digit dial telephone survey data from 833 residents of South Los Angeles communities the authors show that communicative social capital-that is, an information and problem-solving resource that accrues to residents as they become more integrated into their local communication network of neighbors, community organizations, and local media-plays a significant role in access to health resources. This relationship is complicated by individuals' health insurance and health status, as communicative social capital magnifies the sense of absence of resources for those who are in worse health and lack insurance. Communicative social capital builds collective efficacy, which is positively related to access to health-enhancing resources, but it also mediates the negative relationship between communicative social capital and access to health resources. Residents with richer stores of communicative social capital and collective efficacy report better access to health resources. The authors conclude with a discussion of implications of these findings and suggestions for future research. PMID:25529115

Matsaganis, Matthew D; Wilkin, Holley A

2015-04-01

236

THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SOCIAL DIALOG MANAGEMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The quality and the efficiency of all the activities developed in the field of the social dialog management are dependent, in great measure by the quality of the communications relations between the involved actors. The increase of the importance of the social dialog is reflected at the level of hundreds of multicultural companies that try to develop a new type of management - the one that has the capacity and the ability of orqestrating the productive combination of individuals and of the efficient functioning within these new cultures. In planning a communications process which is destined to a international auditorium we must analyze every component of this with the purpose of pushing away every barrier of background noise that would alter the desired results.

LUIGI DUMITRESU

2010-01-01

237

Additive effects of social and non-social attention during infancy relate to later autism spectrum disorder  

OpenAIRE

Emerging findings from studies with infants at familial high risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), owing to an older sibling with a diagnosis, suggest that those who go on to develop ASD show early impairments in the processing of stimuli with both social and non-social content. Although ASD is defined by social-communication impairments and restricted and repetitive behaviours, the majority of cognitive theories of ASD posit a single underlying factor, which over development has secondary...

Bedford, Rachael; Pickles, Andrew; Gliga, Teodora; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Charman, Tony; Johnson, Mark H.

2014-01-01

238

Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, education, and gender. The results of the regarding empirical studies may be summarised as such: teenager with low (formal education especially use internet services embracing 'entertainment, play and fun' while higher educated teenagers (also prefer intellectually more demanding and particularly services supplying a greater variety of communicative and informative activities. More generally, pedagogical and sociological studies investigating "digital divide" in a dif-ferentiated and sophisticated way - i.e. not only in terms of differences between those who do have access to the Internet and those who do not - suggest that the internet is no space beyond 'social reality' (e.g. DiMaggio & Hargittai 2001, 2003; Vogelgesang, 2002; Welling, 2003. Different modes of utilisation, that structure the internet as a social space are primarily a specific contextualisation of the latter - and thus, the opportunities and constraints in virtual world of the internet are not less than those in the 'real world' related to unequal distribu-tions of material, social and cultural resources as well as social embeddings of the actors involved. This fact of inequality is also true regarding the outcomes of using the internet. Empirical and theoretical results concerning forms and processes of networking and commu-nity building - i.e. sociability in the internet, as well as the social embeddings of the users which are mediated through the internet - suggest that net based communication and infor-mation processes may entail the resource 'social support'. Thus, with reference to social work and the task of compensating the reproduction of social disadvantages - whether they are medial or not - the ways in which teenagers get access to and utilize net based social sup-port are to be analysed.

2004-05-01

239

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use. Methods This paper assesses the reach of selected radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS and of communications about the socially marketed Maximum condoms in Zambia, as well as their impact on condom use, using data from the 2001–2002 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. To control for self-selection and endogeneity, we use a two-stage regression model to estimate the effect of program exposure on the behavioural outcomes. Results Those who were exposed to radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS were more likely to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.16 for men and 1.06 for women. Men highly exposed to Maximum condoms social marketing communication were more likely than those with low exposure to the program to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.48, and to have used a condom at their last sexual intercourse (OR = 1.23. Conclusion Findings suggest that the reproductive health and social marketing campaigns in Zambia reached a large portion of the population and had a significant impact on condom use. The results suggest that future reproductive health communication campaigns that invest in radio programming may be more effective than those investing in television programming, and that future campaigns should seek to increase their impact among women, perhaps by focusing on the specific constrains that prevent females from using condoms.

Meekers Dominique

2007-12-01

240

Social communication in young children with traumatic brain injury: Relations with corpus callosum morphometry  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the present investigation was to characterize the relations of specific social communication behaviors, including joint attention, gestures, and verbalization, with surface area of midsagittal corpus callosum (CC) subregions in children who sustained traumatic brain injury (TBI) before 7 years of age. Participants sustained mild (n = 10) or moderate–severe (n = 26) noninflicted TBI. The mean age at injury was 33.6 months; mean age at MRI was 44.4 months. The CC was divided in...

Ewing-cobbs, Linda; Prasad, Mary R.; Swank, Paul; Kramer, Larry; Mendez, Donna; Treble, Amery; Payne, Christa; Bachevalier, Jocelyne

2011-01-01

241

Communication Inequalities, Social Determinants, and Intermittent Smoking in the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Intermittent smokers account for a large proportion of all smokers, and this trend is increasing. Social and communication inequalities may account for disparities in intermittent smoking status. Methods: Data for this study came from 2,641 ever-smokers from a 2003 nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Independent variables of interest included race/ethnicity, sex, household income, education, health media attention, and cancer-related beliefs. The outcome of interes...

Ackerson, Leland K.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2009-01-01

242

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use. Methods This paper asse...

Meekers Dominique; Van Rossem Ronan

2007-01-01

243

Human sensorimotor communication: a theory of signaling in online social interactions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the importance of communication is recognized in several disciplines, it is rarely studied in the context of online social interactions and joint actions. During online joint actions, language and gesture are often insufficient and humans typically use non-verbal, sensorimotor forms of communication to send coordination signals. For example, when playing volleyball, an athlete can exaggerate her movements to signal her intentions to her teammates (say, a pass to the right) or to feint an adversary. Similarly, a person who is transporting a table together with a co-actor can push the table in a certain direction to signal where and when he intends to place it. Other examples of "signaling" are over-articulating in noisy environments and over-emphasizing vowels in child-directed speech. In all these examples, humans intentionally modify their action kinematics to make their goals easier to disambiguate. At the moment no formal theory exists of these forms of sensorimotor communication and signaling. We present one such theory that describes signaling as a combination of a pragmatic and a communicative action, and explains how it simplifies coordination in online social interactions. We cast signaling within a "joint action optimization" framework in which co-actors optimize the success of their interaction and joint goals rather than only their part of the joint action. The decision of whether and how much to signal requires solving a trade-off between the costs of modifying one's behavior and the benefits in terms of interaction success. Signaling is thus an intentional strategy that supports social interactions; it acts in concert with automatic mechanisms of resonance, prediction, and imitation, especially when the context makes actions and intentions ambiguous and difficult to read. Our theory suggests that communication dynamics should be studied within theories of coordination and interaction rather than only in terms of the maximization of information transmission. PMID:24278201

Pezzulo, Giovanni; Donnarumma, Francesco; Dindo, Haris

2013-01-01

244

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia. Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas.We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behaviour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent Joule

2005-04-01

245

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso / For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetiv [...] o deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia). Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas. Abstract in english We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behav [...] iour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent, Joule; Françoise, Bernard.

2005-04-01

246

Actualidad y desafíos de la comunicación para el cambio social Formación y requerimientos de los profesionales de la comunicación / Current challenges in Communication for Social Change Educational requirements for professionals in Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El propósito fundamental de este trabajo es tomar como referencia los postulados de la comunicación para el cambio social y reflexionar críticamente respecto a la formación de comunicadores sociales en Chile, y cómo asumir, desde esa crítica, una nueva propuesta teórico-metodológica que permita entr [...] egar herramientas en los diseños curriculares, para proporcionar a quienes se están formando, un adecuado contexto sociocultural en comunicación. En el ámbito praxeológico, la comunicación para el cambio social, la comunicación para el desarrollo o la comunicación participativa y la comunicación alternativa, aun cuando Chile cuenta con importantes referentes históricos, están ausentes de los espacios formativos y reflexivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to take the postulates of Communication for Social Change as a reference and, within this framework, proceed with a critical reflection on the education received by social communicators in Chile; from here, we venture a new theoretical and methodological proposal wh [...] ereby tools for curricular design are presented in order to offer students an adequate socio-cultural context vis-à-vis communication. In praxeological terms, in Chile, and in spite of the fact that the country has important historical references, Communication for Social Change, Communication for Development, and/or Participative and Alternative Communication are still in want in most educational spaces.

ANTONIETA, MUÑOZ-NAVARRO; CARLOS, DEL VALLE ROJAS.

2011-06-01

247

El videojuego en red social: un nuevo modelo de comunicación / Videojuego in social network: a new model of communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: Los videojuegos en las redes sociales son la combinación de una evolución paralela, por un lado el desarrollo del entretenimiento y las interfaces interactivas y, por otro, la evolución de los nuevos medios de comunicación, con Internet a la cabeza. Pasando por el correo electrónico y desarrollándose en múltiples direcciones, parece que las redes sociales se han convertido en el actual estándar de comunicación social, no solo en entornos grupales, sino de transmisión de información masiva de un modo viral. Una estructura no jerarquizada que ha conseguido atraer a más de 600 millones de usuarios y, con ellos, un enorme negocio. Como otros tantos, el videojuego se adentra en estos sites, un entorno que le es natural en un principio, recogiendo los frutos de los juegos multijugador masivos, pero pronto se enriquece adaptándose al medio y creando nuestras estructuras comunicacionales adecuadas a una nueva y desconocida situación. Como en otras aplicaciones de las TIC en ámbitos educativos, el videojuego puede ser utilizado con estos fines; no sólo con proyectos infantiles ni programas interactivos dedicados a la enseñanza, sino como videojuegos intrínsecamente. Casos como los serious games nos muestran las enormes posibilidades que tienen a distintos niveles. Para el caso de los videojuegos sociales, las opciones pedagógicas multiplican sus posibilidades al acceder a un público masivo con estructuras que, si bien pueden alejarse de los clásicos procedimientos educativos, sí que se fundamentan sobre estas bases ya que permiten una distribución rápida, barata y de acceso sencillo, sin que representen para el usuario una carga, sino un aprendizaje pasivo. Por ello, es importante preguntarse cómo se desarrolla un videojuego social, cuál es su narrativa, cómo se comportan los individuos ante él y, sobre todo, cómo podemos orientarlo hacia nuestros objetivos.Abstract: Videogames in social networks are a combination of a parallel evolution on the one hand the development of entertainment and interactive interfaces, and the evolution of new media, Internet to the head. Via email and develop in many directions, it seems that social networks have become the current standard of social communication, not only in group settings, but mass transmission of a viral way. Anon-hierarchical structure that has attracted more than 600 million users and with them, a huge business. As many others, the game goes into these sites, an environment that is natural at first, reaping the benefits of massively multiplayer games, but quickly adapting to the environment enriches our structures and creating appropriate communication to a new and unfamiliar situation .As in other applications of ICT in educational settings, the game can be used for this purpose, not only interactive children's projects and programs dedicated to teaching, but as games intrinsically. Cases such as serious games show the enormous possibilities that are at different levels. In the case of social gaming, educational options multiply their possibilities to access a massive public structure, although they may move away from traditional educational procedures, it is indeed based on these bases because they allow rapid deployment, cheap and easy access, without posing a burden to the user, but a passive learning. It is therefore important to ask how to develop a social game, what his narrative is, how individuals behave before it and, how we can guide you toward our goals.

Francisco Ignacio Revuelta Domínguez

2012-07-01

248

Social anxiety and self-protective communication style in close relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

People with higher social anxiety tend to reveal less information about themselves in interactions with strangers, and this appears to be part of a self-protective strategy adopted in situations in which the risk of negative evaluation is judged to be particularly high. This research examined whether a similar style of communication may be adopted by people with higher social anxiety in their close relationships, and whether it may be associated with decrements in the quality (support, depth, conflict) of these relationships. Over 300 people from the community completed a series of online questionnaires measuring social anxiety and depression, and disclosure in and quality of their close friendships and romantic relationships. After controlling for levels of depression, social anxiety was associated with a paucity of disclosure in both romantic relationships and close friendships in females, but not males. There was an indirect association between higher social anxiety and lower relationship quality (lower support, with a trend towards greater conflict) via lower self-disclosure in women's romantic relationships, but not their close friendships. Addressing disclosure in the context of close relationships may assist socially anxious women to develop more fulfilling and harmonious close relationships. PMID:19828138

Cuming, Samantha; Rapee, Ronald M

2010-02-01

249

Developmental pathways of language and social communication problems in 9-11 year olds: unpicking the heterogeneity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper addressed relations between language, social communication and behaviour, and their trajectories, in a sample of 9-11-year-olds (n=91) who had been referred to clinical services with concerns about language as pre-schoolers. Children were first assessed at 2½-4 years, and again 18 months later. Results revealed increasing differentiation of profiles across time. By 9-11 years, 11% of the sample had social communication deficits, 27% language impairment, 20% both, and 42% neither. The size of group differences on key language and social communication measures was striking (2-3 standard deviations). Social communication deficits included autistic mannerisms and were associated with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBDs); in contrast, language impairment was associated with hyperactivity only. Children with both language and social communication problems had the most severe difficulties on all measures. These distinct school-age profiles emerged gradually. Investigation of developmental trajectories revealed that the three impaired groups did not differ significantly on language or SEBD measures when the children were first seen. Only low performance on the Early Sociocognitive Battery, a new measure of social responsiveness, joint attention and symbolic understanding, differentiated the children with and without social communication problems at 9-11 years. These findings suggest that some children who first present with language delay or difficulties have undetected Autism Spectrum Disorders which may or may not be accompanied by language impairment in the longer term. This new evidence of developmental trajectories starting in the preschool years throws further light on the nature of social communication and language problems in school-age children, relations between language impairment and SEBDs, and on the nature of early language development. PMID:25005063

Roy, P; Chiat, S

2014-10-01

250

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

CERN Document Server

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "informational" use of Facebook is still significant, nonprofit organizations are better at using Facebook to strategically engage their stakeholders via "dialogic" and "community-building" practices than they have been with traditional websites. The adoption of social media seems to have engendered new paradigms of public engagement.

Saxton, Gregory D; Chiu, I-Hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

251

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

OpenAIRE

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "inf...

Saxton, Gregory D.; Guo, Chao; Chiu, I-hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

252

The Social Communication Intervention Project: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Speech and Language Therapy for School-Age Children Who Have Pragmatic and Social Communication Problems with or without Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Children who show disproportionate difficulty with the pragmatic as compared with the structural aspects of language are described as having pragmatic language impairment (PLI) or social communication disorder (SCD). Some children who have PLI also show mild social impairments associated with high-functioning autism or autism spectrum…

Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Freed, Jenny; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; McBean, Kirsty; Nash, Marysia; Green, Jonathan; Vail, Andy; Law, James

2012-01-01

253

How repetitive are genomes?  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Genome sequences vary strongly in their repetitiveness and the causes for this are still debated. Here we propose a novel measure of genome repetitiveness, the index of repetitiveness, Ir, which can be computed in time proportional to the length of the sequences analyzed. We apply it to 336 genomes from all three domains of life. Results The expected value of Ir is zero for random sequences of any G/C content and greater than zero for sequences with excess repeats. We find...

Wiehe Thomas; Haubold Bernhard

2006-01-01

254

Energy saving, social and government communication; Ahorrro de energia, sociedad y comunicacion gubernamental  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The actions for the energy efficiency and the utilization of renewable energies are multiple and dispersed, in each one of the energy consumption points of the country. For this reason, two important factors to foment these actions are to promote the social participation and the effective government communication towards the society: energy saving and social participation. One of the main faculties of the National Commission of Energy Saving (CONAE) is to foment the efficiency in the energy use, through actions coordinated with the different agencies and organizations of the Federal Public Administration, with the governments of the federal entities and the municipalities and, through coordinated operations, with the private and social sectors. The CONAE has established mechanisms of coordination and cooperation with the private and social sectors, having fomented programs, projects and actions whose purpose is the energy efficiency, outstanding: 1) Committees and work groups; 2) Cooperation Agreements; 3) the Advisory Council for the Foment of Renewable Energy. [Spanish] Las acciones para la eficiencia energetica y el aprovechamiento de las energias renovables son multiples y dispersas, en cada uno de los puntos de consumo de energia del pais. Por ello, dos factores importantes para fomentar estas acciones son promover la participacion social y la comunicacion gubernamental eficaz hacia la sociedad: Ahorro de energia y participacion social. Una de las principales facultades de la Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia es fomentar la eficiencia en el uso de energia, a traves de acciones coordinadas con las diversas dependencias y entidades de la Administracion Publica Federal, con los gobiernos de las entidades federativas y de los municipios y, a traves de acciones concertadas, con los sectores social y privado. La CONAE ha establecido mecanismos de coordinacion y de cooperacion con los sectores privado y social, fomentando programas, proyectos y acciones cuyo proposito es la eficiencia energetica, destacado: 1) Comites y grupos de trabajo; 2) Convenios de Cooperacion; 3) el Consejo Consultivo de Fomento de la Energia Renovables.

Morales Camarena, Francisco [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2001-07-01

255

Integration of social aspects in radiation protection. The AIRP Work group on communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation protection has never been confined just to its scientific and quantitative aspects as it also incorporates a real and proper social factor. In most developed countries, considerations on the social and ethical issues of radiation protection and discussions on the approaches to stakeholder involvement are in a state of positive turmoil. Scientific and practical experts are identifying and promoting dialogue procedures, embracing ethical and social aspects, and are moving together to add to their experience in new and improved practices for the decision-making process. In early 2006, the Italian Radiation Protection Association (AIRP) set up a workgroup for the purpose of: 1-) Promoting dialogue among RP experts, experts in other disciplines, national and local authorities and the public, in relation to social awareness issues in the fields of ionising and non-ionising radiation protection; 2-) Promoting reflection on the mutual interactions between radiation protection and society; 3-) Contributing to the development and diffusion in the RP community of the culture of stakeholder engagement in the decision-making process. Aiming at promoting continual dialogue between the radiation protection community and society, an initial meeting was held in June 2006 on the fundamentals and objectives of RP communication, by focusing on issues such as: the credibility of information sources, the role of the mass media and institutions in risk communication. A workshop was held in November 2006 on the social aspects of radiation protection: experts in scientific journalism, sociology and medical physics, representatives of consumer associations, participants in a Government task commission, local authorities and representatives of the leading local and national institutions involved in RP, were given the opportunity of communicating and discussing the main socially-sensitive aspects of RP. The work of the AIRP group continued in 2007 with two events related on the ethical, social and legal aspects of radioactive waste management. In 2008, we intend to support the growth of RP culture in society by organizing an event concerning the various aspects of radiation protection education and information for non professionals. To invite suggestions and obtain new points of view, the group has opened a website and prepared a basic questionnaire. The AIRP workgroup is constantly creating the conditions and opportunities for extending knowledge about radiation protection and involving society as a whole in extensive debate concerning risk management. (author)

256

Estratégia como prática social e teoria da ação comunicativa: possíveis aproximações teóricas / Strategy as social practice and theory of communicative action: possible theoretical approaches  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Este artigo visa a discutir as possíveis aproximações teóricas entre a estratégia como prática social (EPS) e a teoria da ação comunicativa (TAC), instituída por Jürgen Habermas. Almejou-se construir um diálogo analítico, destacando as interfaces que podem ser estabelecidas entre esses construtos. E [...] specificamente, buscou-se: (i) descrever o arcabouço teórico da estratégia como prática social; (ii) discutir os aspectos conceituais da teoria da ação comunicativa; e (iii) apresentar as possíveis aproximações teóricas entre a estratégia como prática social e a teoria da ação comunicativa. Argumenta-se que a TAC tem elementos interessantes a contribuir com a estratégia como prática e que, por esse motivo, é necessário explorar as aproximações teóricas. Desse modo, este artigo contribui singularmente para associar o pensamento habermasiano às perspectivas teóricas da estratégia como prática social, especialmente em seus elementos razão e verdade, entendimento e consenso, que ensejam contribuições substanciais da racionalidade comunicativa para a estratégia como prática social. Abstract in english This article aims to discuss the possible theoretical approaches between strategy as social practice (SSP) and the theory of communicative action (TCA), established by Jürgen Habermas. We intended to construct an analytical dialogue, highlighting the interfaces that may be established between these [...] constructs. Specifically, we sought to: (i) describe the theoretical framework of strategy as social practice; (ii) discuss the conceptual aspects of the theory of communicative action; and (iii) introduce the possible theoretical approaches between strategy as social practice and the theory of communicative action. It is argued that TCA has interesting elements contributing to strategy as a practice and that, for this reason, there is a need to explore the theoretical approaches. So, this article contributes in a unique way to associate Habermas' thought with the theoretical perspectives of strategy as social practice, especially concerning their elements reason and truth, understanding and consensus, which give rise to significant contributions of communicative rationality to strategy as social practice.

Elisa, Zwick; Isabel Cristina da, Silva; Mozar José de, Brito.

2014-08-01

257

Development and Analyses of Privacy Management Models in Online Social Networks Based on Communication Privacy Management Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Online social networks (OSNs), while serving as an emerging means of communication, promote various issues of privacy. Users of OSNs encounter diverse occasions that lead to invasion of their privacy, e.g., published conversation, public revelation of their personally identifiable information, and open boundary of distinct social groups within…

Lee, Ki Jung

2013-01-01

258

Early Markers of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Infants and Toddlers Prospectively Identified in the Social Attention and Communication Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The Social Attention and Communication Study involved the successful implementation of developmental surveillance of the early markers of autism spectrum disorders in a community-based setting. The objective in the current study was to determine the most discriminating and predictive markers of autism spectrum disorders used in the Social

Barbaro, Josephine; Dissanayake, Cheryl

2013-01-01

259

Fractionation of social brain circuits in autism spectrum disorders  

OpenAIRE

Autism spectrum disorders are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social and communication abilities and repetitive behaviours. Converging neuroscientific evidence has suggested that the neuropathology of autism spectrum disorders is widely distributed, involving impaired connectivity throughout the brain. Here, we evaluate the hypothesis that decreased connectivity in high-functioning adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder relative to typically developing adolescent...

Gotts, Stephen J.; Simmons, W. Kyle; Milbury, Lydia A.; Wallace, Gregory L.; Cox, Robert W.; Martin, Alex

2012-01-01

260

Using the picture exchange communication system (PECS) with children with autism: assessment of PECS acquisition, speech, social-communicative behavior, and problem behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is an augmentative communication system frequently used with children with autism (Bondy & Frost, 1994; Siegel, 2000; Yamall, 2000). Despite its common clinical use, no well-controlled empirical investigations have been conducted to test the effectiveness of PECS. Using a multiple baseline design, the present study examined the acquisition of PECS with 3 children with autism. In addition, the study examined the effects of PECS training on the emergence of speech in play and academic settings. Ancillary measures of social-communicative behaviors and problem behaviors were recorded. Results indicated that all 3 children met the learning criterion for PECS and showed concomitant increases in verbal speech. Ancillary gains were associated with increases in social-communicative behaviors and decreases in problem behaviors. The results are discussed in terms of the provision of empirical support for PECS as well as the concomitant positive side effects of its use. PMID:12365736

Charlop-Christy, Marjorie H; Carpenter, Michael; Le, Loc; LeBlanc, Linda A; Kellet, Kristen

2002-01-01

261

How repetitive are genomes?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Genome sequences vary strongly in their repetitiveness and the causes for this are still debated. Here we propose a novel measure of genome repetitiveness, the index of repetitiveness, Ir, which can be computed in time proportional to the length of the sequences analyzed. We apply it to 336 genomes from all three domains of life. Results The expected value of Ir is zero for random sequences of any G/C content and greater than zero for sequences with excess repeats. We find that the Ir of archaea is significantly smaller than that of eubacteria, which in turn is smaller than that of eukaryotes. Mouse chromosomes have a significantly higher Ir than human chromosomes and within each genome the Y chromosome is most repetitive. A sliding window analysis reveals that the human HOXA cluster and two surrounding genes are characterized by local minima in Ir. A program for calculating the Ir is freely available at http://adenine.biz.fh-weihenstephan.de/ir/. Conclusion The general measure of DNA repetitiveness proposed in this paper can be efficiently computed on a genomic scale. This reveals a broad spectrum of repetitiveness among diverse genomes which agrees qualitatively with previous studies of repeat content. A sliding window analysis helps to analyze the intragenomic distribution of repeats.

Wiehe Thomas

2006-12-01

262

Measuring communication and social skills in a high security forensic setting using the behavioural status index.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessing patient functioning in the areas of communication and social skills is a core area of practice within psychiatric nursing. Difficulties within these areas can often represent the root of a number of presenting problems. Objective assessment can be difficult without a validated assessment schema. The Behavioural Status Index (BSI) offers such a system of baseline assessment and longitudinal monitoring as a basis for treatment, further specialised assessment, or measurement of outcome during and after interventions. This paper introduces some basic theory and describes the function and purpose of the BSI. This is followed by data analysis for the BSI communications and social skills sub-scale. Data were collected, using a repeated measures method by primary nurses, from a sample of 503 individual patients in two high security mental health hospitals. Results are reported for descriptive statistics, and factor analysis; and differences between the independent groups of Mental Health Act 1983 classification, ward dependency and gender. Data trends are indicative of clinically interesting relationships. A distinct factorial structure emerged suggesting groupings of assertive-interpersonal, non-verbal, social-perceptive and para-linguistic behaviours. Results are reported to be underpinning current European studies. PMID:11866029

Woods, P; Reed, V; Collins, M

2001-06-01

263

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were tested using structural equation modeling via AMOS.The empirical findings indicate that social media-focused information & communication technologies positivelyaffect the business performance via the mediation of marketing-based outputs and costs.

Fatih Gecti

2013-03-01

264

Social Media and Its Dual Use in Biopreparedness: Communication and Visualization Tools in an Animal Bioterrorism Incident  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article focuses on social media and interactive challenges for emergency organizations during a bioterrorism or agroterrorism incident, and it outlines the dual-use dilemma of social media. Attackers or terrorists can use social media as their modus of operandi, and defenders, including emergency organizations in law enforcement and public and animal health, can use it for peaceful purposes. To get a better understanding of the uses of social media in these situations, a workshop was arranged in Stockholm, Sweden, to raise awareness about social media and animal bioterrorism threats. Fifty-six experts and crisis communicators from international and national organizations participated. As a result of the workshop, it was concluded that emergency organizations can collect valuable information and monitor social media before, during, and after an outbreak. In order to make use of interactive communication to obtain collective intelligence from the public, emergency organizations must adapt to social networking technologies, requiring multidisciplinary knowledge in the fields of information, communication, IT, and biopreparedness. Social network messaging during a disease outbreak can be visualized in stream graphs and networks showing clusters of Twitter and Facebook users. The visualization of social media can be an important preparedness tool in the response to bioterrorism and agroterrorism.

Sjöberg, Elisabeth; Barker, Gary C.

2013-01-01

265

Linguistic Coding of Social Information and Mechanism by which social categories affect the communication process  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In many communities, two or more varieties of the same language are used by some speakers in different conditions. Perhaps the most familiar example is the use of the standard language and regional dialect when many speakers speak their local dialect at home or among family or friend of the same dialect area but use the standard language in communicating with speakers of other dialects on public occasions. Charles A. Ferguson (1964 in his famous work on ‘Diglossia’finds that in all the defining languages the speakers regard superposed variety as superior to regional dialects in number of respects. Sometimes the feeling is so strong that the superposed variety alone is regarded as real and the regional dialect is reported ‘not to exist’. This attitude cannot be called deliberate attempt to deceive the questioner, but seems almost a self-deception. Even the feeling of the reality and superiority of the superposed variety is not so strong there is usually a belief that this variety is somehow more beautiful, more logical, better able to express important thoughts, and the like. And this belief is held also by speakers whose command of the said variety is quite limited.

Dr. Nilu Choudhary

2015-03-01

266

Autism and exergaming: effects on repetitive behaviors and cognition  

OpenAIRE

Cay Anderson-Hanley, Kimberly Tureck, Robyn L Schneiderman Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY, USA Abstract: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic children and improve cognitive function across the life-span. Exe...

Anderson-Hanley C; Tureck K; Rl, Schneiderman

2011-01-01

267

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents : A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of all five advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

268

Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility: A study of the evolution of websites disclosures in Italy  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the paper is to analyse how the use of the Internet for social disclosure is changed over time. The paper presents a dynamic analysis on a sample of Italian companies that at the beginning of the observation period were listed on the Italian Exchange. The present use of the Internet for CSR-related communication of sample companies is analysed and compared to their mode of using this medium in 2003. Results highlight a growing and widespread diffusion of the use of the Internet for...

Del Bosco, Barbara

2011-01-01

269

Communication, Interventions, and Scientific Advances in Autism: A Commentary  

OpenAIRE

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect approximately 1 in 150 children across the U.S., and are characterized by abnormal social actions, language difficulties, repetitive or restrictive behaviors, and special interests. ASD include autism (autistic disorder), Asperger syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS or atypical autism). High-functioning individuals may communicate with moderate-to-high language skills, although difficulties in social skills may...

Llaneza, Danielle C.; Deluke, Susan V.; Batista, Myra; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Christodulu, Kristin V.; Frye, Cheryl A.

2010-01-01

270

"Bill is now singing": joint engagement and the emergence of social communication of three young children with autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Young children with autism spectrum disorder meet significant challenges in joint attention skills and in social communication. A child-centered, improvisational, music therapy intervention model was implemented to promote engagement in three young children with autism in a kindergarten classroom. A multiple baseline design compared the children's performance through three phases of intervention: focus on faces, response to joint attention, and initiation of joint attention. A complimentary qualitative analysis of teacher and parent experiences allowed for an in-depth understanding of the role of social environment in supporting emerging social communication skills among three children. As all children showed improvement in joint attention and actions of social engagement, this study bears evidence on the potential of music therapy as a promising intervention for promoting social skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder. PMID:24254638

Vaiouli, Potheini; Grimmet, Kharon; Ruich, Lawrence J

2015-01-01

271

Communication of emergency public warnings: A social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

More than 200 studies of warning systems and warning response were reviewed for this social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment of communication of emergency public warnings. The major findings are as follows. First, variations in the nature and content of warnings have a large impact on whether or not the public heeds the warning. Relevant factors include the warning source; warning channel; the consistency, credibility, accuracy, and understandability of the message; and the warning frequency. Second, characteristics of the population receiving the warning affect warning response. These include social characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age, social setting characteristics such as stage of life or family context, psychological characteristics such as fatalism or risk perception, and knowledge characteristics such as experience or training. Third, many current myths about public response to emergency warning are at odds with knowledge derived from field investigations. Some of these myths include the keep it simple'' notion, the cry wolf'' syndrome, public panic and hysteria, and those concerning public willingness to respond to warnings. Finally, different methods of warning the public are not equally effective at providing an alert and notification in different physical and social settings. Most systems can provide a warning given three or more hours of available warning time. Special systems such as tone-alert radios are needed to provide rapid warning. 235 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Mileti, D.S. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (USA)); Sorensen, J.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-08-01

272

Social Communication and Theory of Mind in Boys with Autism and Fragile X Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Impairments in the social use of language, or pragmatics, constitute a core characteristic of autism. Problems with pragmatic language have also been documented in fragile X syndrome, a monogenic condition that is the most common known genetic cause of autism. Evidence suggests that social cognitive ability, or theory of mind, may also be impaired in both conditions, and in autism, may importantly relate to pragmatic language ability. Given the substantial overlap observed in autism and FXS, this study aimed to better define those social-communicative phenotypes that overlap in these two conditions by comparing pragmatic language ability and theory of mind in children with idiopathic autism and children with FXS, with and without autism, as well as children with Down syndrome and typically developing controls. We further examined correlations between these cognitive-behavioral phenotypes and molecular genetic variation related to FMR1 in the FXS group. Results indicated that children with idiopathic autism and those with FXS and autism performed comparably on direct-assessment measures of pragmatic language and theory of mind, whereas those with FXS only did not differ from controls. Theory of mind was related to pragmatic language ability in all groups. Pragmatic language and theory of mind also correlated with genetic variation at the FMR1 locus (CGG repeats and percent methylation. These results point towards substantial overlap in the social and language phenotypes in autism and FXS and suggest a molecular genetic basis to these phenotypic profiles.

MollyLosh

2012-08-01

273

Comprehension of nonverbal communication: a reexamination of the social competencies of learning-disabled children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to determine whether learning-disabled (LD) children differed from nondisabled (NLD) children in their ability to comprehend nonverbal communication when potential attentional differences between the groups were controlled. In addition, the relationship between nonverbal comprehension and social competence was assessed. Thirty LD and 30 NLD boys between 9 and 12 years of age were administered a short form of the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS) to assess nonverbal comprehension; social competence measures included teachers' ratings of aggressive and withdrawn behaviors using the Behavior Problem Checklist, and "blind" judges' ratings of performance on a role-play of friendship-making skills. Under attention-incentive conditions, no performance differences between LD and NLD children were found on the PONS; however, LD children were judged to be more withdrawn and less socially skilled. While PONS scores were not related to other social competence measures, they were associated with academic achievement and IQ. Results emphasize the importance of considering the presence of attentional problems in LD children that may interfere with an accurate assessment of their skills. PMID:6491058

Stone, W L; La Greca, A M

1984-12-01

274

Clinical social networking--a new revolution in provider communication and delivery of clinical information across providers of care?  

Science.gov (United States)

The adoption of social media technologies appears to enhance clinical outcomes through improved communications as reported by Bacigalupe (Fam Syst Heal 29(1):1-14, 2011). The ability of providers to more effectively, directly, and rapidly communicate among themselves as well as with patients should strengthen collaboration and treatment as reported by Bacigalupe (Fam Syst Heal 29(1):1-14, 2011). This paper is a case study in one organization's development of an internally designed and developed social technology solution termed "Unite." The Unite system combines social technologies' features including push notifications, messaging, community groups, and user lists with clinical workflow and applications to construct dynamic provider networks, simplify communications, and facilitate clinical workflow optimization. Modeling Unite as a social technology may ease adoption barriers. Developing a social network that is integrated with healthcare information systems in the clinical space opens the doors to capturing and studying the way in which providers communicate. The Unite system appears to have the potential to breaking down existing communication paradigms. With Unite, a rich set of usage data tied to clinical events may unravel alternative networks that can be leveraged to advance patient care. PMID:24149968

Kolowitz, Brian J; Lauro, Gonzalo Romero; Venturella, James; Georgiev, Veliyan; Barone, Michael; Deible, Christopher; Shrestha, Rasu

2014-04-01

275

TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF REPETITIONS IN THE NARRATIONS OF TURKISH SPEAKERS OF FRENCH  

OpenAIRE

Research in discourse analysis has revealed that there are various types and functions of repetitions. This study adds to this discussion by examining the repetitions in the discourse of 83 learners of French. Repetition helps the speakers of a language to develop and maintain a conversation or speech; and is one of the mostly employed communication strategies by both native and non-native speakers. The data discussed in this study reveal that Turkish speakers of French employ repetitions bot...

Genc?, Bilal; Mavas?og?lu, Mustafa; Bada, Erdog?an

2010-01-01

276

Socially Responsible Corporate Communications in Mexico: Evidence of the Large Companies by Their Operational Levels  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to know the general condition of business communications regarding Corporate SocialResponsibility (CSR in large Mexican companies, and identify the significant differences in terms of a set ofindicators and in comparison with three different operational levels. Specifically, based in a relevant previousresearch work by Maignan and Ralston (2002 and analyzing the content of 150 Mexican business websites as asample frame, the study evaluates the differences in a set of CSR indicators divided in principles, processes andstakeholder issues. And then, compare these indicators among the national, international and multinational levelby utilizing the statistical Chi-square test. The main findings suggest a high prevalence of corporatecommunications regarding social responsibilities in large Mexican companies, especially from those that operateon a multinational level and coming from abroad. The performance-driven principle was found to be the mainmotivation behind CSR communications for all levels; quality programs were the most employed CSR process inorder to build a good citizenship image; and the stakeholder issues related to shareholders and the indicator ofservice/product quality from the customers group, were those found more significantly similar among thegroups.

Teodoro Rafael Wendlandt Amezaga

2013-04-01

277

Maximal repetitions in strings  

OpenAIRE

The cornerstone of any algorithm computing all repetitions in strings of length n in O(n) time is the fact that the number of maximal repetitions (runs) is linear. Therefore, the most important part of the analysis of the running time of such algorithms is counting the number of runs. Kolpakov and Kucherov [FOCS'99] proved it to be cn but could not provide any value for c. Recently, Rytter [STACS'06] proved that c ? 5. His analysis has been improved by Puglisi et al. to obtain 3.48 and by R...

Crochemore, Maxime; Ilie, Lucian

2008-01-01

278

Comunicação para mudança social: projeto Canal*Motoboy / Communications for social change: project Canal*Motoboy / Comunicación para el cambio social: proyecto Canal*Motoboy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Na atualidade, a mídia de referência enfrenta a propagação dos meios alternativos dirigidos à democratização das informações geradas por cidadãos comuns. O Canal*Motoboy constitui exemplo desta modalidade de comunicação. Sua proposta é consolidar uma estrutura aberta para dar voz ao coletivo de moto [...] boys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Devidamente treinados e recorrendo ao celular multimídia, registram seu dia a dia no website Canal*Motoboy. Este artigo analisa o projeto, a partir da concepção da comunicação para mudança social, uma vez que o direito à liberdade de expressão, historicamente, tem sido expropriado dos cidadãos por conta da expansão vertiginosa dos conglomerados comunicacionais. Além da revisão de literatura, o objeto de estudo segue perspectiva qualitativa mediante uso das técnicas de observação e de entrevista em profundidade para obtenção de informações complementares junto aos atores do coletivo. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación de referencia se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones, generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar [...] una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado de los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo. Abstract in english Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by "common citizens". The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Cata [...] lan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys¹ from São Paulo (SP), Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Maria das Graças, Targino; Alisson Dias, Gomes.

2011-12-01

279

Social media and mobile communications adoption patterns of South African civil society organisations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The resurgence of civil society has largely been attributed to the sector’s ability to exploit new interactive technologies and its ability to adapt its communication and mobilisation strategies. Objectives: This study focuses on how South African civil society organisations (CSOs deploy Web 2.0 services and technologies for social advocacy and the context of this technology use. Whilst the literature points to many studies relating to the use of the Internet for advocacy, it also suggests that the role and impact of emerging technologies have not been studied in any detail in CSOs. Such studies have the potential to provide new perspectives to current theoretical frameworks and also to add to the discourse around the use of emerging technologies for advocacy. Method: A survey of South African CSOs explored the level of knowledge of social media services and revealed which services in particular were being adopted. Results: The key findings that emerged were that the sector has a low level of knowledge of social media services and an accompanying low level of adoption. These are partly explained by factors such as macro-economic policies and low levels of Internet penetration and ICT readiness. Conclusion: Further research to determine why certain social media services have been embraced more willingly than others and an analysis of the patterns of adoption to determine any underlying significance or relationships is necessary. An analysis of how CSOs build their advocacy capabilities by appropriating social media and how they thus provide alternate discourses and agendas would be instructive.

Kiru Pillay

2014-08-01

280

Image Gently(SM): a national education and communication campaign in radiology using the science of social marketing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication campaigns are an accepted method for altering societal attitudes, increasing knowledge, and achieving social and behavioral change particularly within public health and the social sciences. The Image Gently(SM) campaign is a national education and awareness campaign in radiology designed to promote the need for and opportunities to decrease radiation to children when CT scans are indicated. In this article, the relatively new science of social marketing is reviewed and the theoretical basis for an effective communication campaign in radiology is discussed. Communication strategies are considered and the type of outcomes that should be measured are reviewed. This methodology has demonstrated that simple, straightforward safety messages on radiation protection targeted to medical professionals throughout the radiology community, utilizing multiple media, can affect awareness potentially leading to change in practice. PMID:19027684

Goske, Marilyn J; Applegate, Kimberly E; Boylan, Jennifer; Butler, Priscilla F; Callahan, Michael J; Coley, Brian D; Farley, Shawn; Frush, Donald P; Hernanz-Schulman, Marta; Jaramillo, Diego; Johnson, Neil D; Kaste, Sue C; Morrison, Gregory; Strauss, Keith J

2008-12-01

281

An SCA-based Approach for Social and Pervasive Communications in Home Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In home environments, the customization of applications according to inhabitant's information requires the integration of heterogenous event sources and services. To do that, the events have to be collected and processed, and the volatile services identified and used. The information collection and service access have to be done considering the identity of users in order to avoid unexpected behaviors in the customized applications or unauthorized accesses. However, although the event flow, service mobility and user identity are key issues in the customization of applications, existing solutions fail to deal with them in a simple and flexible way. Therefore, in this paper we propose to face these issues by combining the SCA (Service Component Architecture standard, micro-blogging services and discovery technologies. In particular, we benefit from the SCA extensibility to introduce support for social communications enabling asynchronous event exchange (via Twitter, and for pervasive communications to deal with mobility (by means of standard discovery protocols such as UPnP. Furthermore, we exploit the intents from SCA in order to allow user identification in home environments. We bring the new communications and user identity support into the FraSCAti, a platform for SCA applications. We illustrate our work with a smart home scenario requiring the integration of heterogeneous technologies.

R. Rouvoy

2011-01-01

282

[Social media and medical apps: how they can change health communication, education and care].  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media and medical apps for smartphones and tablets are changing health communication, education and care. This change involves physicians and other health care professionals which for their education, training and updating have started to follow public pages and profiles opened by medical journals and professional societies on the online social networking sites (such as Facebook, Twitter and Google+), to access scientific content (videos, images, slides) available on user-generated contents sites (such as SlideShare, Pinterest and YouTube) or on health professional online communities such as Sermo, and to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets. As shown by a number of experiences conducted in US by health institutions such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Atlanta and hospitals such a the Mayo Clinic, these tools are also transforming the way to make health promotion activities and communication, promote healthy habits and lifestyles, and prevent chronic diseases. Finally this change involves patients which are starting to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets to monitor their diseases, and tools such as Patients Like Me (an online patients' community), Facebook and Twitter to share with others the same disease experience, to learn about the disease and treatments, and to find opinions on physicians, hospitals and medical centers. These new communication tools allow users to move to a kind of collaborative education and updating where news and contents (such as public health recommendations, results of the most recent clinical researches or medical guidelines) may be shared and discussed. PMID:23748682

Santoro, Eugenio

2013-05-01

283

Correlatos entre o perfil comunicativo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico Correlates between communicative profile and social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar se há correlações significativas entre os dados referentes ao perfil funcional da comunicação e os dados da adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtidos por meio de entrevistas individuais com os pais e as terapeutas de crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: foram sujeitos deste estudo 48 crianças, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico com os quais foram coletados os dados para a determinação do perfil funcional da comunicação por meio de situação lúdica, buscando a espontaneidade comunicativa. Participaram ainda, os responsáveis, legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, das 48 crianças, ou seja, 46 mães e dois pais e 15 terapeutas, respondendo individualmente a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças citadas. RESULTADOS: pode-se observar que os resultados referentes à adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtida a partir de entrevistas com terapeutas e pais apresentaram correlações significativas com o perfil funcional da comunicação. De forma geral, o estudo das correlações entre os aspectos do perfil comunicativo e da adaptação sócio-comunicativa não apresentou um grande número de correlações, sendo este número ainda menor quando os pais foram os informantes, demonstrando a interdependência das áreas estudas. CONCLUSÃO: uma das maiores evidências deste trabalho é que mesmo que as crianças do espectro autístico apresentem um desenvolvimento deficitário das habilidades de linguagem, cognição e socialização, ainda assim elas são capazes de extrair pistas lingüísticas e não-lingüísticas do meio comunicativo, e utilizá-las de forma contextual em sua vida social, associando-as com os ganhos na linguagem e no desempenho sócio-cognitivo.PURPOSE: to check if there are any significant correlations among the data on the functional communicative profile and social-communicative adaptation obtained in individual interviews with parents and therapists of children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD. METHODS: subjects were: 48 children with psychiatric diagnosis within the autistic spectrum whose functional communicative profile was obtained in play sessions with a language therapist; 48 parents (46 mothers and 2 fathers and 15 language therapists that answered individually to questionnaires about the children's social performance. RESULTS: it could be observed that the results referring to the social communicative adaptation obtained with the therapists and parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders showed significant correlations with the functional communicative profile. Data on social communicative performance provided by the therapists showed more significant correlations with the functional communicative profile than those obtained with the parents. The number of correlations was generically smaller when the parents provided data on social communicative performance. CONCLUSION: one of the most important results of this study is the evidence that even though ASD children present important deficits in language development, cognition and social abilities, they can be able to extract linguistic and non-linguistic clues from the communicative environment and use them in their social live along with linguistic and social-cognitive improvements.

Priscilla Faria Sousa-Morato

2009-01-01

284

Correlatos entre o perfil comunicativo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico / Correlates between communicative profile and social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar se há correlações significativas entre os dados referentes ao perfil funcional da comunicação e os dados da adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtidos por meio de entrevistas individuais com os pais e as terapeutas de crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: foram sujeit [...] os deste estudo 48 crianças, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico com os quais foram coletados os dados para a determinação do perfil funcional da comunicação por meio de situação lúdica, buscando a espontaneidade comunicativa. Participaram ainda, os responsáveis, legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, das 48 crianças, ou seja, 46 mães e dois pais e 15 terapeutas, respondendo individualmente a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças citadas. RESULTADOS: pode-se observar que os resultados referentes à adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtida a partir de entrevistas com terapeutas e pais apresentaram correlações significativas com o perfil funcional da comunicação. De forma geral, o estudo das correlações entre os aspectos do perfil comunicativo e da adaptação sócio-comunicativa não apresentou um grande número de correlações, sendo este número ainda menor quando os pais foram os informantes, demonstrando a interdependência das áreas estudas. CONCLUSÃO: uma das maiores evidências deste trabalho é que mesmo que as crianças do espectro autístico apresentem um desenvolvimento deficitário das habilidades de linguagem, cognição e socialização, ainda assim elas são capazes de extrair pistas lingüísticas e não-lingüísticas do meio comunicativo, e utilizá-las de forma contextual em sua vida social, associando-as com os ganhos na linguagem e no desempenho sócio-cognitivo. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to check if there are any significant correlations among the data on the functional communicative profile and social-communicative adaptation obtained in individual interviews with parents and therapists of children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: subjects were: 48 children [...] with psychiatric diagnosis within the autistic spectrum whose functional communicative profile was obtained in play sessions with a language therapist; 48 parents (46 mothers and 2 fathers) and 15 language therapists that answered individually to questionnaires about the children's social performance. RESULTS: it could be observed that the results referring to the social communicative adaptation obtained with the therapists and parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders showed significant correlations with the functional communicative profile. Data on social communicative performance provided by the therapists showed more significant correlations with the functional communicative profile than those obtained with the parents. The number of correlations was generically smaller when the parents provided data on social communicative performance. CONCLUSION: one of the most important results of this study is the evidence that even though ASD children present important deficits in language development, cognition and social abilities, they can be able to extract linguistic and non-linguistic clues from the communicative environment and use them in their social live along with linguistic and social-cognitive improvements.

Priscilla Faria, Sousa-Morato; Fernanda Dreux Miranda, Fernandes.

285

Repetition Priming in Music  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors explore priming effects of pitch repetition in music in 3 experiments. Musically untrained participants heard a short melody and sang the last pitch of the melody as quickly as possible. Each experiment manipulated (a) whether or not the tone to be sung (target) was heard earlier in the melody (primed) and (b) the prime-target distance…

Hutchins, Sean; Palmer, Caroline

2008-01-01

286

Three experimental approaches to measure the social context dependence of prejudice communication and discriminatory behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research on discrimination is faced with crucial problems stemming from the specific character of its object of study. In democratic societies the communication of prejudices and other forms of discriminatory behavior is considered socially undesirable and depends on situational factors such as whether a situation is considered private or whether a discriminatory consensus can be assumed. Regular surveys thus can only offer a blurred picture of the phenomenon. But also survey experiments intended to decrease the social desirability bias (SDB) so far failed in systematically implementing situational variables. This paper introduces three experimental approaches to improve the study of discrimination and other topics of social (un-)desirability. First, we argue in favor of cognitive context framing in surveys in order to operationalize the salience of situational norms. Second, factorial surveys offer a way to take situational contexts and substitute behavior into account. And third, choice experiments - a rather new method in sociology - offer a more valid method of measuring behavioral characteristics compared to simple items in surveys. All three approaches - which may be combined - are easy to implement in large-scale surveys. Results of empirical studies demonstrate the fruitfulness of each of these approaches. PMID:25432623

Beyer, Heiko; Liebe, Ulf

2015-01-01

287

A New Dimension of Health Care: Systematic Review of the Uses, Benefits, and Limitations of Social Media for Health Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Background There is currently a lack of information about the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals from primary research. Objective To review the current published literature to identify the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals, and identify current gaps in the literature to provide recommendations for future health communication research. Methods This paper is a review using a systematic approach. A systematic search of the literature was conducted using nine electronic databases and manual searches to locate peer-reviewed studies published between January 2002 and February 2012. Results The search identified 98 original research studies that included the uses, benefits, and/or limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals. The methodological quality of the studies assessed using the Downs and Black instrument was low; this was mainly due to the fact that the vast majority of the studies in this review included limited methodologies and was mainly exploratory and descriptive in nature. Seven main uses of social media for health communication were identified, including focusing on increasing interactions with others, and facilitating, sharing, and obtaining health messages. The six key overarching benefits were identified as (1) increased interactions with others, (2) more available, shared, and tailored information, (3) increased accessibility and widening access to health information, (4) peer/social/emotional support, (5) public health surveillance, and (6) potential to influence health policy. Twelve limitations were identified, primarily consisting of quality concerns and lack of reliability, confidentiality, and privacy. Conclusions Social media brings a new dimension to health care as it offers a medium to be used by the public, patients, and health professionals to communicate about health issues with the possibility of potentially improving health outcomes. Social media is a powerful tool, which offers collaboration between users and is a social interaction mechanism for a range of individuals. Although there are several benefits to the use of social media for health communication, the information exchanged needs to be monitored for quality and reliability, and the users’ confidentiality and privacy need to be maintained. Eight gaps in the literature and key recommendations for future health communication research were provided. Examples of these recommendations include the need to determine the relative effectiveness of different types of social media for health communication using randomized control trials and to explore potential mechanisms for monitoring and enhancing the quality and reliability of health communication using social media. Further robust and comprehensive evaluation and review, using a range of methodologies, are required to establish whether social media improves health communication practice both in the short and long terms. PMID:23615206

Hazlett, Diane E; Harrison, Laura; Carroll, Jennifer K; Irwin, Anthea; Hoving, Ciska

2013-01-01

288

Writing consumer identities through the iPod : The Good Guide application's role in communicating knowledge about Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

How do web 2.0 and mobile technologies affect the available means for interaction between consumers and corporations? What are the implications for communicating corporate social responsibility? Gee (1996:6) states that “When we write or read, speak or listen, we coordinate and are coordinated by specific identities, specific ways of using language, various objects, tools, technologies, sites and institutions, as well as other people’s minds and bodies.” Using Gee’s focus on the connection between language use, technology and context as part of identities in interaction, this paper explores the potential and implications of mobile technologies for the communication of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The Good Guide iPod application is a mini third party database of product rankings in terms of social responsibility towards consumer health, environmental impact and social effects of production. It offers a space for examining the potential impacts of a technology mediated interaction between consumers and corporations.

Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

289

SRP meeting: social and political implications of communicating radiation risk, Daresbury, Warrington, 20 June 2001  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SRP held a very interesting meeting in June at the Daresbury Laboratory in Warrington on the social and political implications of communicating radiation risk. In today's risk-aware society, effective communication is just as important as the control measures introduced to prevent or restrict exposure. In relation to radiation protection, risk communicators had a hard job because of: Public dread Likelihood of risk intensification Perceived inequitable distribution of risks. The higher the uncertainty, the more wary people were likely to be. Julie cited the International Nuclear Events Scale (INES) as a possible tool for promoting a consistent message across all publics. This was because it aimed to put events into proper perspective and provide a common understanding amongst the nuclear community, the media and the public. Julie summed up by saying that the risk communication was not just any form of communication and the issue of communicating radiation risks involved special consideration. Further research established that the more information given to the local population, the more likely that they would deny that there was a problem. Denial could moderate beliefs or emotional reactions to a situation. This then affected their dose as they were more likely to adopt risky behaviour by eating contaminated food and entering contaminated areas. Avoiding the need to undertake safe behaviour reduced stress levels. Furthermore, people adopted beliefs to suit their sie, people adopted beliefs to suit their situation. For example, some inhabitants of the affected areas became adapted to the radiation and actually felt worse outside the contaminated area. There was strong pressure for the maintenance of a situation which actually prevented appropriate precautions being taken. Peter concluded that there was often confusion over the details of technical information that sometimes might not help to prevent a course of action being taken. However on a positive note the research did find credence and positive regard given to peer-provided information. In addition, the information on good practice developed by local focus groups in the area was actually used to limit personal dose. The conclusion was that key information should concentrate on what people needed to know in order to deal with everyday life. My personal conclusion for the day was that it could take time to set in motion partnerships for the future, but that should not stop us from laying down foundations on which to develop stakeholder dialogue for radiation protection. The future of radiation protection is likely to continue to evolve and we need to engage in active debate to help to secure a sustainable decision-making process

290

Social Robotic Experience and Media Communication Practices: An Exploration on the Emotional and Ritualized Human-technology-relations  

OpenAIRE

This article approaches the subject of social robots by focusing on the emotional relations people establish with media and information and communication technology (ICTs) in their everyday life. It examines human-technology-relation from a social studies point of view, seeking to raise questions that enable us to make a connection between the research on human relationships and the topic of human-technology relation, especially human-humanoid-relation. In order to explore the human-technolog...

Christine Linke

2013-01-01

291

Does Gender Influence Core Deficits in ASD? An Investigation into Social-Communication and Play of Girls and Boys with ASD  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to the predominance of boys diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), girls are rarely studied independently. Research specifically focusing on play and social-communication in girls with ASD is extremely varied. We were interested in whether girls with ASD demonstrated equivalent social-communication and play skills in early childhood…

Harrop, Clare; Shire, Stephanie; Gulsrud, Amanda; Chang, Ya-Chih; Ishijima, Eric; Lawton, Kathy; Kasari, Connie

2015-01-01

292

Is Social Phobia a “Mis-Communication” Disorder? Brain Functional Connectivity during Face Perception Differs between Patients with Social Phobia and Healthy Control Subjects  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, a differential recruitment of brain areas throughout the distributed neural system for face perception has been found in social phobic patients as compared to healthy control subjects. These functional abnormalities in social phobic patients extend beyond emotion-related brain areas, such as the amygdala, to include cortical networks that modulate attention and process other facial features, and they are also associated with an alteration of the task-related activation/deactivation trade-off. Functional connectivity is becoming a powerful tool to examine how components of large-scale distributed neural systems are coupled together while performing a specific function. This study was designed to determine whether functional connectivity networks among brain regions within the distributed system for face perception also would differ between social phobic patients and healthy controls. Data were obtained from eight social phobic patients and seven healthy controls by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Our findings indicated that social phobic patients and healthy controls have different patterns of functional connectivity across brain regions within both the core and the extended systems for face perception and the default mode network. To our knowledge, this is the first study that shows that functional connectivity during brain response to socially relevant stimuli differs between social phobic patients and healthy controls. These results expand our previous findings and indicate that brain functional changes in social phobic patients are not restricted to a single specific brain structure, but rather involve a mis-communication among different sensory and emotional processing brain areas. PMID:21152341

Danti, Sabrina; Ricciardi, Emiliano; Gentili, Claudio; Gobbini, Maria Ida; Pietrini, Pietro; Guazzelli, Mario

2010-01-01

293

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents :  A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Results showed that the consumption of relatively unhealthy food was common among respondents. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. There were some gender and age differences in the liking and perceived effectiveness of five advertising appeals. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

2011-01-01

294

Structural Analysis of Viral Spreading Processes in Social and Communication Networks Using Egonets  

CERN Document Server

We study how the behavior of viral spreading processes is influenced by local structural properties of the network over which they propagate. For a wide variety of spreading processes, the largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of the network plays a key role on their global dynamical behavior. For many real-world large-scale networks, it is unfeasible to exactly retrieve the complete network structure to compute its largest eigenvalue. Instead, one usually have access to myopic, egocentric views of the network structure, also called egonets. In this paper, we propose a mathematical framework, based on algebraic graph theory and convex optimization, to study how local structural properties of the network constrain the interval of possible values in which the largest eigenvalue must lie. Based on this framework, we present a computationally efficient approach to find this interval from a collection of egonets. Our numerical simulations show that, for several social and communication networks, local structu...

Preciado, Victor M; Jadbabaie, Ali

2012-01-01

295

Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser  

OpenAIRE

High-repetition-rate pulses have widespread applications in the fields of fiber communications, frequency comb, and optical sensing. Here, we have demonstrated high-repetition-rate ultrashort pulses in an all-fiber laser by exploiting an intracavity Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as a comb filter. The repetition rate of the laser can be tuned flexibly from about 7 to 1100?GHz by controlling the optical path difference between the two arms of the MZI. The pulse duration can be reduced con...

Dong Mao; Xueming Liu; Zhipei Sun; Hua Lu; Dongdong Han; Guoxi Wang; Fengqiu Wang

2013-01-01

296

Repetitive strain injury.  

OpenAIRE

Pain in the forearm is relatively common in the community. In the workplace forearm pain is associated with work involving frequent repetition, high forces, and prolonged abnormal postures. Nevertheless, other factors are involved in the presentation and the continuation of the pain. Notable among these factors are psychosocial issues and the workplace environment—the attitude to workers and their welfare, the physical conditions, and design of the job. Primary prevention may be effective b...

Al-otaibi, S. T.

1993-01-01

297

Are You An ELF? The Relevance of ELF as an Equitable Social Category in Online Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines the different social categories that are made relevant when geographically dispersed speakers of English as an additional language communicate in chat rooms. Although the literature characterizes these interactions as English as a lingua franca, this paper explores to what extent interactants see themselves as lingua franca…

Jenks, Christopher

2013-01-01

298

Positive Effects of Methylphenidate on Social Communication and Self-Regulation in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Hyperactivity  

Science.gov (United States)

This report examined the effect of methylphenidate on social communication and self-regulation in children with pervasive developmental disorders and hyperactivity in a secondary analysis of RUPP Autism Network data. Participants were 33 children (29 boys) between the ages of 5 and 13 years who participated in a four-week crossover trial of…

Jahromi, Laudan B.; Kasari, Connie L.; McCracken, James T.; Lee, Lisa S-Y.; Aman, Michael G.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scahill, Lawrence; Tierney, Elaine; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Ritz, Louise; Witwer, Andrea; Kustan, Erin; Ghuman, Jaswinder; Posey, David J.

2009-01-01

299

"Bill Is Now Singing": Joint Engagement and the Emergence of Social Communication of Three Young Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Young children with autism spectrum disorder meet significant challenges in joint attention skills and in social communication. A child-centered, improvisational, music therapy intervention model was implemented to promote engagement in three young children with autism in a kindergarten classroom. A multiple baseline design compared the…

Vaiouli, Potheini; Grimmet, Kharon; Ruich, Lawrence J.

2015-01-01

300

The Association between Therapeutic Horseback Riding and the Social Communication and Sensory Reactions of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the association between therapeutic riding (TR) and the social communication and sensory processing skills of 21 elementary students with autism attending TR as part of a school group. An interrupted treatment design was employed to determine whether children were able to maintain treatment effects following the removal of…

Ward, Sandra C.; Whalon, Kelly; Rusnak, Katrina; Wendell, Kimberly; Paschall, Nancy

2013-01-01

301

Study on risk communication by using web system for the social consensus toward HLW final disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The web site that has illustrated characters to navigate information pertaining to unfamiliar issue such as high-level radioactive waste geological disposal is an effective method. However, since the information was provided mainly from a pro-nuclear power generation group, it resulted in frustration for the web site user because viewpoints outside the group were not considered nor the explanations were based on only rational aspects, the persuasive explanation based on technical viewpoints in other words. To close this communication gap, this research aims to enhance a better sense of involvement and social collaboration by creating an interactive communication model promoting emotional acceptance and independent thinking with Web system. This purpose was accomplished by the dialog-mode explanation and the scenarios with norm activation theory supported by facial expressions of the illustrated navigators to stimulate the emotional involvement of viewers and the specialists' reliable response on the electrical bulletin board system, then we conducted preparatory experiments concerning its effects and assessed its affectiveness by making this model available over the Internet. (author)

302

Long-Term Effects of PECS on Social-Communicative Skills of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a popular augmentative communication system frequently used with "nonverbal" children with autism. Several studies suggested that PECS could represent an effective tool for promoting improvement of several social-communicative skills. Only sparse evidence is instead…

Lerna, Anna; Esposito, Dalila; Conson, Massimiliano; Massagli, Angelo

2014-01-01

303

Communication, advice exchange and job satisfaction of nursing staff: a social network analyses of 35 long-term care units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The behaviour of individuals is affected by the social networks in which they are embedded. Networks are also important for the diffusion of information and the influence of employees in organisations. Yet, at the moment little is known about the social networks of nursing staff in healthcare settings. This is the first study that investigates informal communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care. We examine the structure of the networks, how they are related to the size of units and characteristics of nursing staff, and their relationship with job satisfaction. Methods We collected social network data of 380 nursing staff of 35 units in group projects and psychogeriatric units in nursing homes and residential homes in the Netherlands. Communication and advice networks were analyzed in a social network application (UCINET, focusing on the number of contacts (density between nursing staff on the units. We then studied the correlation between the density of networks, size of the units and characteristics of nursing staff. We used multilevel analyses to investigate the relationship between social networks and job satisfaction of nursing staff, taking characteristics of units and nursing staff into account. Results Both communication and advice networks were negatively related to the number of residents and the number of nursing staff of the units. Communication and advice networks were more dense when more staff worked part-time. Furthermore, density of communication networks was positively related to the age of nursing staff of the units. Multilevel analyses showed that job satisfaction differed significantly between individual staff members and units and was influenced by the number of nursing staff of the units. However, this relationship disappeared when density of communication networks was added to the model. Conclusions Overall, communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care are relatively dense. This fits with the high level of cooperation that is needed to provide good care to residents. Social networks are more dense in small units and are also shaped by characteristics of staff members. The results furthermore show that communication networks are important for staff's job satisfaction.

Frijters Dinnus HM

2011-06-01

304

Chronic non-communicable diseases, risk and health promotion: social construction of Vigitel participants.  

Science.gov (United States)

The dimension of choice and adherence to healthy lifestyles is in the area of social constructions made in representations of individuals and had not yet been included in the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (VIGITEL) analysis systems. This article aims to understand, in individual narratives, representations contained in the trajectories of people's lives selected from the 2010 VIGITEL sample, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. It is a qualitative study based on Social Representation Theory. Thirty in-depth and open interviews with subjects selected from the 2010 VIGITEL sample were conducted in Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais. The Structural Analysis of Narrative technique was used to reveal the content of speeches. Age and heredity representations related to NCDs are part of the spectrum of current scientific information. Learning from childhood onwards is the basis of care. The lack of comprehension of the pathophysiology of NCDs, and the depth of representations of illness and death related to communicable diseases, is partly responsible for the difficulty of preventing NCDs. PMID:25760109

Mássimo, Erika de Azevedo Leitão; Souza, Hercília Najara Ferreira de; Freitas, Maria Imaculada de Fátima

2015-03-01

305

Parents' Adoption of Social Communication Intervention Strategies: Families Including Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who are Minimally Verbal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Notably absent from the intervention literature are parent training programs targeting school-aged children with autism who have limited communication skills (Tager-Flusberg and Kasari in Autism Res 6:468-478, 2013). Sixty-one children with autism age 5-8 with minimal spontaneous communication received a 6-month social communication intervention including parent training. Parent-child play interactions were coded for parents' strategy implementation and children's time jointly engaged (Adamson et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 39:84-96, 2009). Parents mastered an average of 70 % of the strategies. Further analyses indicated some gains in implementation occurred from mere observation of sessions, while the greatest gains occurred in the first month of active coaching and workshops. Children's joint engagement was associated with parents' implementation success across time demonstrating parents' implementation was relevant to children's social engagement. PMID:25475363

Shire, Stephanie Y; Goods, Kelly; Shih, Wendy; Distefano, Charlotte; Kaiser, Ann; Wright, Courtney; Mathy, Pamela; Landa, Rebecca; Kasari, Connie

2014-12-01

306

Books without end or the end of books? Narrative relationships in the era of digital communications and social media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores some of the opportunities and hazards related to the circulation of texts in the context of facilitated communication promoted by contemporary technology with a particular focus on an increased public access to the figure of the author.By means of case studies of two contemporary Italian writers, Andrea Camilleri and Roberto Saviano, both known as much for their public personas and social interventions as for their literary texts, the reader-writer-text relationship in the age of digital communication and social media is considered from a narratological perspective.Contemporary narrative relationships and their impact on the idea of the book are shown to be reflective of the fluidity and immediacy of today’s communication networks.

Georgia Wall

2014-11-01

307

Social Robotic Experience and Media Communication Practices: An Exploration on the Emotional and Ritualized Human-technology-relations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article approaches the subject of social robots by focusing on the emotional relations people establish with media and information and communication technology (ICTs in their everyday life. It examines human-technology-relation from a social studies point of view, seeking to raise questions that enable us to make a connection between the research on human relationships and the topic of human-technology relation, especially human-humanoid-relation. In order to explore the human-technology-relations, theoretical ideas of a mediatization of communication and of a ritual interaction order are applied. Ritual theory is particularly used to enable a focus on emotion as a significant dimension in analyzing social technologies. This explorative article refers to empirical findings regarding media communication practices in close relationships. It argues that following the developed approach regarding mediatized and ritualized relational practices, useful insights for a conceptualization of the human-social robot relation can be achieved. The article concludes with remarks regarding the challenge of an empirical approach to human-social robot-relations.

Christine Linke

2013-01-01

308

The role of peer communication in the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences: a qualitative investigation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Recurrent pain is a common complaint among adolescents. Children learn to resolve or cope with pain largely through family dynamics, particularly maternal influences. By adolescence, young people possess an array of pain behaviors, the culmination of multiple opportunities for modeling and reinforcement of attitudes and beliefs about pain. Adolescence is a time of increased autonomy characterized by, among other complex factors, significant increases in peer influence. Although peers are influential in health-risk behavior, little is known how peers impact adolescents' pain experience. The present study explored the role of peers in adolescents' attitudes toward pain, pain behaviors and over-the-counter analgesics. Methods Sixty-minute focus groups were conducted with a sample 24 junior high school students from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (11 male: mean age = 13.45 years, range = 12–15 years; 13 female: mean age = 13.31 years, range = 12–15 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of five same-gender focus groups designed to explore a wide breadth and depth of information. Sessions were run until theoretical data saturation. Textual data, from transcribed audiotapes, were analyzed with the constant comparative method. Results Peer influences were apparent in how adolescents communicate about pain and how those communications effect pain expression. Overt pain responses to injury were primarily contextual and depended on perceived threats to peer-time and pain severity. Adolescents were intolerant of peers' pain behaviors when the cause was perceived as not severe. These attitudes impacted how adolescents responded to their own pain; males were careful not to express embarrassing pain in front of peers, females felt no restrictions on pain talk or pain expression. Evidence for peer influence on attitudes toward OTC analgesics was apparent in perceptions of over-use and ease of access. Findings are discussed within the context of social information-processing and gender role expectations. Conclusion Little research has addressed how young people experience pain within the context of the psychosocial influences that dominate during adolescence. The findings provide some insight into the role of peer influences via verbal and non-verbal communication, in adolescents' pain experience. This exploratory study is a necessary first step in understanding the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences.

Murray Michael

2008-01-01

309

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were tested using structural eq...

Fatih Gecti; Ikram Dastan

2013-01-01

310

Communication-oriented person-organization fit as a key factor of job-seeking behaviors: millennials' social media use and attitudes toward organizational social media policies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this study was to assess how the millennial generation perceives companies that have different social media policies and how such perception influences key variables for job-seeking behaviors, including perceived person-organization fit (POF), organizational attraction, and job pursuit intention. Results from a univariate general linear model and path analysis supported all of the established hypotheses. In particular, the results revealed that millennials perceived higher POF for a company with organizational policies supporting employees' social media use. Further, organizational attractiveness significantly mediated the relationship between communication-oriented POF and job pursuit intention. PMID:23848961

Cho, Jaehee; Park, Dong Jin; Ordonez, Zoa

2013-11-01

311

Initial steps in extending crisis communication theory towards social media crisis dialogue: revisiting situational crisis communication framework  

OpenAIRE

Research Summary The main focus of this research is on the study of stakeholders' naturally occurring reactions to corporate crisis and crisis communication. The literature review aimed to combine situational crisis communication framework (SCCT) with the strategic public relations management theory to establish an idea of strategic two-way crisis communication. The case study evidence is drawn from the Toyota USA Facebook site in relation to the Toyota recall crisis in 2009-2011 and studi...

Laisi, Suvi

2013-01-01

312

SpaceOps 2012 Plus 2: Social Tools to Simplify ISS Flight Control Communications and Log Keeping  

Science.gov (United States)

A paper written for the SpaceOps 2012 Conference (Simplify ISS Flight Control Communications and Log Keeping via Social Tools and Techniques) identified three innovative concepts for real time flight control communications tools based on social mechanisms: a) Console Log Tool (CoLT) - A log keeping application at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) that provides "anywhere" access, comment and notifications features similar to those found in Social Networking Systems (SNS), b) Cross-Log Communication via Social Techniques - A concept from Johnsson Space Center's (JSC) Mission Control Center Houston (MCC-H) that would use microblogging's @tag and #tag protocols to make information/requests visible and/or discoverable in logs owned by @Destination addressees, and c) Communications Dashboard (CommDash) - A MSFC concept for a Facebook-like interface to visually integrate and manage basic console log content, text chat streams analogous to voice loops, text chat streams dedicated to particular conversations, generic and position-specific status displays/streams, and a graphically based hailing display. CoLT was deployed operationally at nearly the same time as SpaceOps 2012, the Cross- Log Communications idea is currently waiting for a champion to carry it forward, and CommDash was approved as a NASA Iinformation Technoloby (IT) Labs project. This paper discusses lessons learned from two years of actual CoLT operations, updates CommDash prototype development status, and discusses potential for using Cross-Log Communications in both MCC-H and/or POIC environments, and considers other ways for synergizing console applcations.

Cowart, Hugh S.; Scott, David W.

2014-01-01

313

Considering communication on nuclear issues. Through a lecture meeting of Nuclear communication' core group of social and environmental division  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The lecture meeting was opened by 35 participants at the Gakushuin University in February, 2004. It includes summary and comment of six lectures: considering the field between scientific technology and society, the news about nuclear energy, the subjects of nuclear communication learned from risk communication, the communication policy on nuclear conditions of Finland and France, abstraction and solution of communication problems among sectors and history of information activities of nuclear energy and recent subjects. The news of accident and measures has to be open to the public by the persons concerned, who answer what people want to know. The nuclear policy wants flexibility. (S.Y.)

314

Video Modeling and the Expression of Social Communication and Behavior Skills in Preschool and Elementary School Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent times have seen an increasing prevalence and incidence of children with ASD in school settings. Social, cognitive, and language process deficits directly impact the ability of children with ASD to effectively functioning within the complex social setting of schools. In particular, deficits are noted in the areas of social communication and…

Kutty, Seema

2012-01-01

315

Los estudios de Comunicación Social en el EEES y los desafíos profesionales emergentes / Social Communication in the EAHE and emerging professional challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los títulos de Comunicación Social despejan una nueva consideración universitaria de un sector pujante que aúna las facetas económica y cultural: las industrias audiovisual, periodística y publicitaria. Este artículo revisa cómo la sociedad de la información, la comunicación y el conocimiento y el mercado laboral obligan a potenciar la formación universitaria en competencias demandadas por las industrias creativo-culturales. Estamos ante un nuevo encaje de la universidad con el mundo profesional y la sociedad. Un mundo global abierto por las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación reaviva la competitividad basada en la formación altamente cualificada, apelando a la conciliación entre universidad y empresa que afrontan la readecuación de unas interrelaciones no siempre bien entendidas.The beginning of spanish degrees in Social Communication clears renewed consideration by university in a sector that combines economic and cultural facets: multimedia industries. This paper reviews how the information society and professional market requires renew elements for graduates in creative and cultural industries. The reasons to modernizing higher education are new professions at a Knowledge Society. University administrator and business world are facing an adaptation of relationship not always well understood. Social Communication is inserted in a global world opened by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT. This situation revives the competitiveness based on qualified professionals, and conciliation between companies and universities.

María Dolores Meneses Fernández

2010-11-01

316

Stereotyping of medical disability claimants' communication behaviour by physicians: towards more focused education for social insurance physicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews (social insurance physicians are probably influenced by stereotypes of claimants, especially because they have limited time available and they have to make complicated decisions. Because little is known about the influences of stereotyping on assessment interviews, the objectives of this paper were to qualitatively investigate: (1 the content of stereotypes used to classify claimants with regard to the way in which they communicate; (2 the origins of such stereotypes; (3 the advantages and disadvantages of stereotyping in assessment interviews; and (4 how social insurance physicians minimise the undesirable influences of negative stereotyping. Methods Data were collected during three focus group meetings with social insurance physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews with sick-listed employees (i.e. claimants. The participants also completed a questionnaire about demographic characteristics. The data were qualitatively analysed in Atlas.ti in four steps, according to the grounded theory and the principle of constant comparison. Results A total of 22 social insurance physicians participated. Based on their responses, a claimant's communication was classified with regard to the degree of respect and acceptance in the physician-claimant relationship, and the degree of dominance. Most of the social insurance physicians reported that they classify claimants in general groups, and use these classifications to adapt their own communication behaviour. Moreover, the social insurance physicians revealed that their stereotypes originate from information in the claimants' files and first impressions. The main advantages of stereotyping were that this provides a framework for the assessment interview, it can save time, and it is interesting to check whether the stereotype is correct. Disadvantages of stereotyping were that the stereotypes often prove incorrect, they do not give the complete picture, and the claimant's behaviour changes constantly. Social insurance physicians try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes by being aware of counter transference, making formal assessments, staying neutral to the best of their ability, and being compassionate. Conclusions We concluded that social insurance physicians adapt their communication style to the degree of respect and dominance of claimants in the physician-claimant relationship, but they try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes in assessment interviews. It is recommended that this issue should be addressed in communication skills training.

Berkhof M

2010-11-01

317

Nuclear Regulatory Organisations, the Internet and Social Media: The What, How and Why of Their Use as Communication Tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

'Social media' is a term referring to various activities that integrate technology, social interaction and content creation. Social media can also be thought of as a way of using technology to 'enable conversations' that take place outside of the constraints of time and location - people can access the information any time of the day or night, from anywhere. Social media builds on the communication advances - and advantages of the Internet - but has increasingly become a communication vehicle far surpassing its predecessor. It is fast, cheap to the consumer, easily available and part of the fabric of people's lives. Social media also magnifies information as it enables conversation that everyone can participate in. Videos 'go viral' and are seen by millions of people, tweets are re-tweeted again and again, and information is 'shared' to multiplicities of friends on Facebook. Public relations practitioners around the world have been paying attention to social media as an important communication tool. Research done in 2010 by the public relations firm Burston-Marsteller found that eight of 10 Fortune Global 100 companies used at least one of the most popular social media platforms i.e. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube or corporate blogging. In the United States, virtually all of the major federal agencies use at least some of the 'big four' platforms. Many, if not all, of the nuclear regulatory organisations (NROs) represented in the Working Group on Public Communication use at least some social media. At a minimum, they are monitoring social media as they are also monitoring traditional media. However, a post-Fukushima informal poll indicated many nations' nuclear regulators are looking at broadening their social media use, although some may not know how to proceed, and everyone can benefit from the 'lessons learned' by others. This report outlines the most popular social media tools available today, provides tips and techniques that have worked for nuclear regulators around the world, and when appropriate, provides case studies and links to help regulators create, maintain or improve their social media usage. It is important to note that social media moves very quickly, and many of the statistics provided by the NROs for initial versions of this report are now outdated. In addition, in some instances, NROs not cited in this report are now using social media platforms as new additions to their communication and outreach programs. It is also expected that new social media platforms will be presenting themselves as future options, and some platforms may fall out of favour over time. With that in mind, this report will be fully updated with new information, statistics and case studies in a few years. To make it easy to access online, and to enhance readability, the web sites cited throughout this report are embedded in the text rather than written out in their entirety. (authors)

318

General practice and the Internet revolution. Use of an Internet social network to communicate information on prevention in France.  

Science.gov (United States)

The popularity of social networks and the huge number of exchanges have made them immensely important for the communication of information. This French study explored prevention in hereditary breast cancer using a social Internet network to communicate information. The principal objective was to inform French women aged from 20 to 50 years, using the social network Facebook, about the warning signs of breast cancer in cases of a predisposition to the disease due to a genetic mutation. The secondary objectives were to inform people about screening. An information page entitled "hereditary breast cancer: and if I was concerned?" was distributed in 3 different ways: from friend to friend, via groups of persons, and by targeted advertising. Four articles and 11 messages were distributed over 27 days. The total number of visits for this period amounted to 1019. A total of 81 percent of the Internauts were women and 55 percent of the visitors were aged between 25 and 44 years. Other information campaigns concerning public health issues could be conducted using this tool. A legal framework is necessary to preserve the quality of the medical information provided. This new means of communication, used for prevention purposes, will add to other frequently used methods of communication. PMID:25784641

Veuillotte, Isabelle; Morel, Gilles; Pitois, Stephane; Haler, Renaud; Mercier, Patricia; Aubry, Catherine; Cannet, Didier

2015-03-01

319

Repetition benefit in mental rotation is independent of stimulus repetition  

OpenAIRE

In this study, we investigated whether there is a repetition benefit in mental rotation that is independent of stimulus repetition (i.e., due to increased efficiency in postencoding processing). Three experiments were conducted, in which different conditions of stimulus repetition (different letters on consecutive trials in Experiment 1, letters of different orientations on consecutive trials in Experiment 2, and priming of rotation direction in Experiment 3) were used, and the extent of repe...

Wan, Qun; Chen, Chuansheng; Wu, Chenyang; Qian, Xiuying

2010-01-01

320

La Comunicación en Redes Sociales: Percepciones y Usos de las Ong Españolas / Social Network Communication: Perceptions and Uses for Spanish NGOs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer cuáles son las percepciones y usos que las ONG españolas analizadas hacen de las redes sociales. Se realiza una investigación cuantitativa con cuestionarios y otra cualitativa con dos grupos focales para valorar los aspectos positivos y negativos que afec [...] tan al uso de las redes sociales. Se analiza el papel de estas en la planificación de la comunicación y se adelantan expectativas de futuro de mejora de la creatividad e innovación de los mensajes y de perfeccionamiento en la medición de eficacia de la comunicación en las redes sociales. Abstract in english The aim of the current investigation is to discover the perceptions and uses of Social Networks for Spanish NGOs. Two research lines have been stated, a quantitative one based on a poll, and another one qualitative and based on the pro/con valuation of two designed groups. The role of Social Network [...] s in the communication plan of the NGOs has been analyzed, foreseeing the possible upcoming needs. The scope of the reference analysis includes aspects of creativity and innovation in the message release, as well as the measure methodologies optimization within the Social Networking.

Isidoro, Arroyo Almaraz; Antonio J, Baladrón Pazos; Rebeca, Martín Nieto.

2013-06-01

321

Does communicating disappointment in negotiations help or hurt? Solving an apparent inconsistency in the social-functional approach to emotions.  

Science.gov (United States)

On the basis of a social-functional approach to emotion, scholars have argued that expressing disappointment in negotiations communicates weakness, which may evoke exploitation. Yet, it is also argued that communicating disappointment serves as a call for help, which may elicit generous offers. Our goal was to resolve this apparent inconsistency. We develop the argument that communicating disappointment elicits generous offers when it evokes guilt in the target, but elicits low offers when it does not. In 4 experiments using both verbal (Experiments 1-3) and nonverbal (Experiment 4) emotion manipulations, we demonstrate that the interpersonal effects of disappointment depend on (a) the opponent's group membership and (b) the type of negotiation. When the expresser was an outgroup member and in representative negotiations (i.e., when disappointment did not evoke guilt), the weakness that disappointment communicated elicited lower offers. When the expresser was an ingroup member and in individual negotiations (i.e., when disappointment did evoke guilt), the weakness that disappointment communicated elicited generous offers from participants. Thus, in contrast to the common belief that weakness is a liability in negotiations, expressing disappointment can be effective under particular circumstances. We discuss implications for theorizing about the social functions of emotions. PMID:23773043

Lelieveld, Gert-Jan; Van Dijk, Eric; Van Beest, Ilja; Van Kleef, Gerben A

2013-10-01

322

Can information and communication technologies support patient engagement? A review of opportunities and challenges in health social work.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite becoming a prerequisite for participation in an information-based society, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) within social work and health care remains in its infancy. Currently, there is a push to adopt newer technologies to enhance practice. This article aims to highlight some of the innovative ways in which ICT have been adopted and adapted to augment social work practice. The need for social workers to become proficient in the use of newer technologies, opportunities for implementing ICT within a health care setting, and potential challenges at the professional, ethical, and systemic level are explored. Using the available literature as a guide, recommendations and strategies to strengthen implementation of ICTs into health social work are provided. PMID:25321933

Craig, Shelley L; Calleja Lorenzo, Maria Victoria

2014-10-01

323

Oportunidades e implantación de las herramientas de la web social en la gestión comunicativa de las ONGD: Opportunities and implementation for communication managers / NGDOs and social web Tools  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objeto de este artículo es doble. En primer lugar, se exponen las oportunidades que el nuevo paradigma comunicativo, generado por la irrupción de la web social, ofrece a las Organizaciones no Gubernamentales de Desarrollo para gestionar la relación que mantienen con sus grupos de interés cuando p [...] retenden informar, sensibilizar, educar para el desarrollo, captar recursos o presionar. Tras ello, se describe, analizando diversas variables, cuál es el estado actual de implantación de las herramientas de la web social en este sector en España. Las conclusiones obtenidas en esta investigación provienen de un análisis de contenido cuantitativo de las web y de las herramientas de la web social de las 95 ONGD que componen la Coordinadora de ONGD de España. Los datos obtenidos muestran que se ha producido un aumento en la activación de estas herramientas por parte de las ONGD, cuantifican la posibilidad de interactuar que les ofrecen con sus grupos de interés y apunta futuras líneas de investigación en este campo. Abstract in english The aim of this article is twofold. First, to highlight the new communication paradigm and opportunities generated for NGDOs by the emergence of social Web. Secondly, the paper will offer a description of the current status of the implementation of the social web tools in this field in Spain. The co [...] nclusions come from a quantitative content analysis of webs and social Web tools of the 95 NGDOs that make up the NGD Coordinator in Spain. These results are an open opportunity for a future research in the field of development communication.

Hildegart, González-Luis.

2014-12-01

324

The Influence of Asynchronous Video Communication on Learner Social Presence: A Narrative Analysis of Four Cases  

Science.gov (United States)

Online courses are increasingly using asynchronous video communication. However, little is known about how asynchronous video communication influences students' communication patterns. This study presents four narratives of students with varying characteristics who engaged in asynchronous video communication. The extrovert valued the efficiency of…

Borup, Jered; West, Richard E.; Graham, Charles R.

2013-01-01

325

Combining Social Media with Innovative Ways of Communicating about the James Webb Space Telescope  

Science.gov (United States)

In keeping with the cutting-edge nature of the James Webb Space Telescope, NASA is using a variety of social and interactive media to engage the public. While we do have a regularly updated static website, we are now also using various interactives (like Flash games and a 3D Tour of the spacecraft) to better explain what the Webb telescope is and how it works. To encourage future generations, we are a partner in an educational engineering design challenge which makes use of a virtual Second Life-like world. Additionally, the public can now watch Webb come together before their eyes by accessing our live webcam, which shows telescope hardware being built in our cleanroom. We are working to make Webb as much of a part of pop culture as the Hubble Space Telescope is. We facilitated the filming of a "Late Night with Jimmy Fallon” segment (called "Hubble Gotchu") featuring Webb and Webb scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. A visit to the highly rated sitcom "The Big Bang Theory” resulted in Webb lithos, magnets, posters, a scale model, and more being regularly featured on the set of the show. The most important aspect to creating interesting ways to engage the public is having the ability to communicate and form relationships with as many people as possible. To that end, we are using tools like blogs (e.g., NASA Blueshift) and popular social media (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr) to reach out to as many people as we can and to enable them to share and spread the content we provide.

Masetti, Margaret

2012-01-01

326

How to use social media to promote portuguese soccer club benfica: social media communication plan season 2013/2014  

OpenAIRE

O principal objetivo desta Tese é estudar como usar a internet e, mais especificamente, as plataformas de Social Media, para promover o clube de futebol “Sport Lisboa e Benfica”, elaborando um Plano de Comunicação de Social Media para a época 2013/2014, de modo a melhorar a comunicação online feita atualmente pelo Benfica. Estas plataformas de Social Media proporcionam uma excelente oportunidade para os clubes de futebol promoverem os seus produtos/serviços e para manterem uma r...

Jorge, Samuel Anto?nio Ferreira Antunes Santos

2013-01-01

327

Analytical Approach to Parallel Repetition  

OpenAIRE

We propose an analytical framework for studying parallel repetition, a basic product operation for one-round two-player games. In this framework, we consider a relaxation of the value of a game, $\\mathrm{val}_+$, and prove that for projection games, it is both multiplicative (under parallel repetition) and a good approximation for the true value. These two properties imply a parallel repetition bound as $$ \\mathrm{val}(G^{\\otimes k}) \\approx \\mathrm{val}_+(G^{\\otimes k}) =...

Dinur, Irit; Steurer, David

2013-01-01

328

Abelian Repetitions in Sturmian Words  

OpenAIRE

We investigate abelian repetitions in Sturmian words. We exploit a bijection between factors of Sturmian words and subintervals of the unitary segment that allows us to study the periods of abelian repetitions by using classical results of elementary Number Theory. We prove that in any Sturmian word the superior limit of the ratio between the maximal exponent of an abelian repetition of period $m$ and $m$ is a number $\\geq\\sqrt{5}$, and the equality holds for the Fibonacci i...

Fici, Gabriele; Langiu, Alessio; Lecroq, Thierry; Lefebvre, Arnaud; Mignosi, Filippo; Prieur-gaston, E?lise

2012-01-01

329

Verbal repetition in Greek tragedy  

OpenAIRE

This thesis examines the ways in which critics, ancient and modem, have looked at verbal repetitions in the texts of Greek tragedy, in particular those repetitions of lexical words which may seem careless or unintentional. It compares surviving plays (taking a sample of those of Euripides). An index of repetitiveness for each play is calculated; it emerges that while Aeschylus' plays have a wide range, there is a statistically significant difference between those of Sophocles a...

Pickering, P. E.

1999-01-01

330

Social marketing communication in a multicultural environment: Practical issues and theoretical contributions from cross-cultural marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social marketing communication (social marcom campaign production can be more challenging when the audience includes individuals from ‘culturally and linguistically diverse’ (CALD communities. Additional issues such as culturally related values, practices, and attitudes need consideration. Normally, social marcoms campaigns for CALD audiences involve directly translating mainstream campaign material into various ethnic groups’ languages. However, little is understood about the issues beyond translation that confront practitioners adapting mainstream campaigns.This article presents a case study analysis of work undertaken by the New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service (MHCS. The Service’s core activity is adaptation of social marcoms campaigns for use with CALD audiences. Data for the case was collected from staff, MHCS clients, and members of target audiences. Four key issues emerge as significant in the process of adapting social marcoms campaigns at MHCS. These are: segmenting and identifying the target audience; adapting message content; source credibility; and integrating the adapted campaign with its mainstream counterpart.To provide theoretical insights and strategies to address these issues this article draws on cross-cultural marketing theory. For example, the theory of acculturation is used to provide an alternative to current segmentation practices. In the same vein, theories associated with the application of cultural typologies are used to explain why the practice of adaptation is not always successful. The article concludes by considering the implications of this study for further research.

Gary Noble.

2005-01-01

331

Autism spectrum disorders. Recent advances in the research on the impairment in social communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the discovery of early infantile autism (1943), the etiology of the disease has for long been a matter of dispute-from a form of innate schizophrenia, maltreatment by 'refrigerator mother', to dysfunction of speech development. After the re-discovery of Asperger syndrome by Wing (1981), the concept of this diverse syndrome complex has merged to pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or autism spectrum disorders (ASD). People suffering from Asperger syndrome do not show impairments in speech development, in fact, they have good linguistic abilities. They can explain their own psychopathology, which helps in the understanding of classical autism with profound mental retardation. Currently, ASD is prevalent in 1 of 150 births with strong genetic inheritance. ASD is therefore thought a psychiatric common disease. Asperger syndrome has frequently been the subject of neuroimaging studies, since social communication is an important characteristic of human behavior. This review encompasses a historical and clinical overview of ASD and puts force the current perspectives on the researches in animal models, genetic studies of animal and human samples, and neuroimaging studies. Our current focus is the possible role of oxytocin, which was recently found to have an effect on empathy, in the etiology of ASD. (author)

332

Differentiation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder by the social communication questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The differentiation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) poses a clinical challenge. In children, overlap of psychopathological and cognitive findings has been found for both disorders. In addition, some children suffer from both disorders. The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a screening instrument for ASD symptoms which indicates the presence of ASD in a rapid and economic way. However, validity to differentiate ASD and ADHD as differential or comorbid diagnoses has not been studied. Here, the differential validity was compared in groups of children with ASD, ADHD, ASD + ADHD, and typically developing (TD) children and IQ > 70. ROC analyses indicated an excellent differentiation between ASD and TD with ROC-AUC = .941 and between ASD + ADHD with ROC-AUC = .993. The optimal cutoff was below the originally recommended one of 15. The differentiation between children with ASD with (ROC-AUC = .982) or without ADHD (ROC-AUC = .864) and ADHD alone also showed acceptable differential validity, and here, the optimal cutoff corresponded to the recommended. Taken together, the SCQ can be recommended as a screening instrument for a first differentiation between children with ASD and typically developing children as well as children with ADHD. PMID:24966019

Schwenck, Christina; Freitag, Christine M

2014-09-01

333

Feeling addressed! The role of body orientation and co-speech gesture in social communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

During face-to-face communication, body orientation and coverbal gestures influence how information is conveyed. The neural pathways underpinning the comprehension of such nonverbal social cues in everyday interaction are to some part still unknown. During fMRI data acquisition, 37 participants were presented with video clips showing an actor speaking short sentences. The actor produced speech-associated iconic gestures (IC) or no gestures (NG) while he was visible either from an egocentric (ego) or from an allocentric (allo) position. Participants were asked to indicate via button press whether they felt addressed or not. We found a significant interaction of body orientation and gesture in addressment evaluations, indicating that participants evaluated IC-ego conditions as most addressing. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and left fusiform gyrus were stronger activated for egocentric versus allocentric actor position in gesture context. Activation increase in the ACC for IC-ego>IC-allo further correlated positively with increased addressment ratings in the egocentric gesture condition. Gesture-related activation increase in the supplementary motor area, left inferior frontal gyrus and right insula correlated positively with gesture-related increase of addressment evaluations in the egocentric context. Results indicate that gesture use and body-orientation contribute to the feeling of being addressed and together influence neural processing in brain regions involved in motor simulation, empathy and mentalizing. Hum Brain Mapp 36:1925-1936, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25640962

Nagels, Arne; Kircher, Tilo; Steines, Miriam; Straube, Benjamin

2015-05-01

334

Internet and Social Media For Health-Related Information and Communication in Health Care: Preferences of the Dutch General Population  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Health care is increasingly featured by the use of Web 2.0 communication and collaborative technologies that are reshaping the way patients and professionals interact. These technologies or tools can be used for a variety of purposes: to instantly debate issues, discover news, analyze research, network with peers, crowd-source information, seek support, and provide advice. Not all tools are implemented successfully; in many cases, the nonusage attrition rates are high. Little is known about the preferences of the Dutch general population regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Objective To determine the preferences of the general population in the Netherlands regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Methods A cross-sectional survey was disseminated via a popular Dutch online social network. Respondents were asked where they searched for health-related information, how they qualified the value of different sources, and their preferences regarding online communication with health care providers. Results were weighed for the Dutch population based on gender, age, and level of education using official statistics. Numbers and percentages or means and standard deviations were presented for different subgroups. One-way ANOVA was used to test for statistical differences. Results The survey was completed by 635 respondents. The Internet was found to be the number one source for health-related information (82.7%), closely followed by information provided by health care professionals (71.1%). Approximately one-third (32.3%) of the Dutch population search for ratings of health care providers. The most popular information topics were side effects of medication (62.5%) and symptoms (59.7%). Approximately one-quarter of the Dutch population prefer to communicate with a health care provider via social media (25.4%), and 21.2% would like to communicate via a webcam. Conclusions The Internet is the main source of health-related information for the Dutch population. One in 4 persons wants to communicate with their physician via social media channels and it is expected that this number will further increase. Health care providers should explore new ways of communicating online and should facilitate ways for patients to connect with them. Future research should aim at comparing different patient groups and diseases, describing best practices, and determining cost-effectiveness. PMID:24088272

Engelen, Lucien JLPG; Berben, Sivera AA; Teerenstra, Steven; Samsom, Melvin; Schoonhoven, Lisette

2013-01-01

335

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

OpenAIRE

Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT) [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP) [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF) [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this resear...

Rui Gu; Kunihiko Higa; Moodie, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

336

Social Media in School Emergency Management: Using New Media Technology to Improve Emergency Management Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

Social Media is the use of social networking sites, messaging sites, texting, and other web-based or mobile technologies to support social interaction. Facebook is by far the most widely used social networking site. Twitter is by far the most widely used messaging site. The goals of this presentation are: (1) To provide an understanding of the…

Stephens, Kim

2011-01-01

337

QTL replication and targeted association highlight the nerve growth factor gene for nonverbal communication deficits in autism spectrum disorders  

OpenAIRE

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has a heterogeneous etiology that is genetically complex. It is defined by deficits in communication and social skills and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors. Genetic analyses of heritable quantitative traits that correlate with ASD may reduce heterogeneity. With this in mind, deficits in nonverbal communication (NVC) were quantified based on items from the Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised. Our previous analysis of 228 families from the Autis...

Lu, At-h; Yoon, J.; Geschwind, Dh; Cantor, Rm

2011-01-01

338

Análisis de la planeación estratégica de la comunicación en cuatro proyectos de intervención social en Montería / Analysis of Communication Strategic Planning in four Social Intervention Projects in Montería  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El artículo plantea los desafíos que enfrentan los profesionales, las organizaciones gestoras de iniciativas sociales y los beneficiarios, en torno al proceso de planeación de la comunicación de los proyectos de intervención social llevados a cabo en la ciudad de Montería. Se analizaron cuatro progr [...] amas de comunicación estratégica de los proyectos Reciclando Ando, Plan Departamental de Aguas, Implementación de Parcelas Productivas y Desarrollo Sostenible de las Artesanías de Córdoba, desarrollados por las organizaciones Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel y la Corporación de los Valles del Sinú y San Jorge, respectivamente. Se realizó un análisis individual de cada caso, que incluyó diferentes estrategias de contacto con la realidad objeto de estudio, como el análisis documental, la entrevista, el grupo focal y la observación participante, lo que permitió metodológicamente alimentar la documentación teórica, la interpretación de evidencias y la interacción del investigador con los actores y sus realidades. Los resultados evidenciaron que estas instituciones relegan la comunicación a un uso instrumental; no la emplean de forma estratégica (sistemática, organizada, probada, integradora y articulada al proceso de planeación de los proyectos de intervención social) y no incluyen mecanismos de integración y participación activa de los grupos de interés involucrados con estas iniciativas. Abstract in english This article refers to the challenge faced by professionals, organizations interested in social initiatives and beneficiaries around social intervention projects communication planning process carried out in Monteria city. Four programs of project strategic communication were analyzed: ''We are Recy [...] cling, State Water Plans, Implementation of Productive Areas, and sustainable Development of Cordoba handcrafts, developed by the following organizations: Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel, and Corporación de los Valles del Sinú and San Jorge, respectively. An individual analysis of each case was carried out. It included different contact strategies with the study object such as documental analysis, the interview, focal group, and participant observation which allowed feeding -methodologically- theoretical documentation, interpretation of evidences, and the interaction of the researcher with agents and their realities. Results showed that these institutions give communication am instrumental use, they do not use it in a strategic way (systematic, organized, proved, integrating, and articulated to the planning process of social intervention projects) and doe not include integration and active participation mechanisms of interest groups involved in these initiatives.

Ana Lorena, Malluk Marenco.

2013-05-01

339

Repetitive resonant railgun power supply  

Science.gov (United States)

A repetitive resonant railgun power supply provides energy for repetitively propelling projectiles from a pair of parallel rails. The supply comprises an energy storage capacitor, a storage inductor to form a resonant circuit with the energy storage capacitor and a magnetic switch to transfer energy between the resonant circuit and the pair of parallel rails for the propelling of projectiles.

Honig, Emanuel M. (Los Alamos, NM); Nunnally, William C. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01

340

Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

This theme issue on communication includes annotated listings of Web sites, CD-ROM and computer software, videos, books, and professional resources that deal with various methods of communication. Sidebars discuss mythology, photojournalism, sharing ideas on the Web, and songs of protest. Suggestions for class activities are also included. (LRW)

Online-Offline, 1998

1998-01-01

341

Social Identification and Interpersonal Communication in Computer-Mediated Communication: What You Do versus Who You Are in Virtual Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the influence of interpersonal communication and intergroup identification on members' evaluations of computer-mediated groups. Participants (N= 256) in 64 four-person groups interacted through synchronous computer chat. Subgroup assignments to minimal groups instilled significantly greater in-group versus out-group…

Wang, Zuoming; Walther, Joseph B.; Hancock, Jeffrey T.

2009-01-01

342

The Communication of Meaning in Anticipatory Systems: A Simulation Study of the Dynamics of Intentionality in Social Interactions  

CERN Document Server

Psychological and social systems provide us with a natural domain for the study of anticipations because these systems are based on and operate in terms of intentionality. Psychological systems can be expected to contain a model of themselves and their environments social systems can be strongly anticipatory and therefore co-construct their environments, for example, in techno-economic (co-)evolutions. Using Duboi's hyper-incursive and incursive formulations of the logistic equation, these two types of systems and their couplings can be simulated. In addition to their structural coupling, psychological and social systems are also coupled by providing meaning reflexively to each other's meaning-processing. Luhmann's distinctions among (1) interactions between intentions at the micro-level, (2) organization at the meso-level, and (3) self-organization of the fluxes of meaningful communication at the global level can be modeled and simulated using three hyper-incursive equations. The global level of self-organiz...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

343

On the Road to Science Literacy: Building Confidence and Competency in Technical Language through Choral Repetition  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to be successful, students must acquire the language of science for both oral and written communication. In this article we examine an oral language learning technique called choral repetition for its role in building literacy in the context of an animal physiology course. For 3 weeks, the instructor conducted choral repetitions of nine…

Hohenshell, Liesl M.; Woller, Michael J.; Sherlock, Wallace

2013-01-01

344

Fiction as a Medium of Social Communication in 19th Century France  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE AR-SA This article will present the extent to which literature could be viewed as means of social communication – i.e. informing and influencing society – in 19thcentury France, by analysing the appearance of three authors at different points:  the beginning, the middle and the end of the century. The first is the case of Balzac at the beginning of the 19th Century who becomes the most successful novelist of the century in France and who, in his prolific expression and rich vocabulary, portrays society from various angles in a huge opus of almost 100 works, 93 of them making his Comédie humaine. The second is the case of Gustave Flaubert whose famous novel Madame Bovary, which depicts a female character in a realist but also in a psychologically conscious manner, around the mid-19th century reaches French courts together with Les Fleurs du Mal by Charles Baudelaire and is exposed as being socially judged for its alleged immorality. The last is the political affair of Dreyfus and its defender Emile Zola, the father of naturalism. This case confirms the establishment of more intense relations between writer and politics and builds a solid way for a more conscious and everyday political engagement in the literary world from the end of the 19th century onwards. These three are the most important cases which illustrate how fiction functioned in relation to society, state and readership in 19th century France. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;}

Sabina Pstrocki-Sehovic

2014-10-01

345

"I'll See You on IM, Text, or Call You": A Social Network Approach of Adolescents' Use of Communication Media  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores some possibilities of social network analysis for studying adolescents' communication patterns. A full network analysis was conducted on third-grade high school students (15 year olds, 137 students) in Belgium. The results pointed out that face-to-face communication was still the most prominent way for information to flow…

Van Cleemput, Katrien

2010-01-01

346

Neural Basis of Repetition Priming during Mathematical Cognition: Repetition Suppression or Repetition Enhancement?  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the neural basis of repetition priming (RP) during mathematical cognition. Previous studies of RP have focused on repetition suppression as the basis of behavioral facilitation, primarily using word and object identification and classification tasks. More recently, researchers have suggested associative stimulus-response learning…

Salimpoor, Valorie N.; Chang, Catie; Menon, Vinod

2010-01-01

347

Perceptual Repetition Blindness Effects  

Science.gov (United States)

The phenomenon of repetition blindness (RB) may reveal a new limitation on human perceptual processing. Recently, however, researchers have attributed RB to post-perceptual processes such as memory retrieval and/or reporting biases. The standard rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm used in most RB studies is, indeed, open to such objections. Here we investigate RB using a "single-frame" paradigm introduced by Johnston and Hale (1984) in which memory demands are minimal. Subjects made only a single judgement about whether one masked target word was the same or different than a post-target probe. Confidence ratings permitted use of signal detection methods to assess sensitivity and bias effects. In the critical condition for RB a precue of the post-target word was provided prior to the target stimulus (identity precue), so that the required judgement amounted to whether the target did or did not repeat the precue word. In control treatments, the precue was either an unrelated word or a dummy (XXXX). Results of five experiments show that perceptual sensitivity is strikingly and significantly reduced in the RB condition relative to both baseline control conditions. The data show RB can be obtained under conditions in which memory problems are minimal and where perceptual sensitivity is assessed independently of biases.

Hochhaus, Larry; Johnston, James C.; Null, Cynthia H. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

348

Repetitive Delone Sets and Quasicrystals  

CERN Document Server

This paper considers the problem of characterizing the simplest discrete point sets that are aperiodic, using invariants based on topological dynamics. A Delone set whose patch-counting function N(T), for radius T, is finite for all T is called repetitive if there is a function M(T) such that every ball of radius M(T)+T contains a copy of each kind of patch of radius T that occurs in the set. This is equivalent to the minimality of an associated topological dynamical system with R^n-action. There is a lower bound for M(T) in terms of N(T), namely N(T) = O(M(T)^n), but no general upper bound. The complexity of a repetitive Delone set can be measured by the growth rate of its repetitivity function M(T). For example, M(T) is bounded if and only if the set is a crystal. A set is called is linearly repetitive if M(T) = O(T) and densely repetitive if M(T) = O(N(T))^{1/n}). We show that linearly repetitive sets and densely repetitive sets have strict uniform patch frequencies, i.e. the associated topological dynamic...

Lagarias, J C; Lagarias, Jeffery C.; Pleasants, Peter A. B.

1999-01-01

349

Neural repetition suppression reflects fulfilled perceptual expectations  

OpenAIRE

Stimulus-evoked neural activity is attenuated upon stimulus repetition (‘repetition suppression’), a phenomenon attributed to largely automatic processes in sensory neurons. By manipulating the likelihood of stimulus repetition, we show that repetition suppression in the human brain is reduced when stimulus repetitions are improbable (and thus, unexpected). These data suggest that repetition suppression reflects a relative reduction in top-down perceptual ‘prediction error’ when proce...

Summerfield, Christopher; Monti, Jim M. P.; Trittschuh, Emily H.; Mesulam, M. -marsel; Egner, Tobias

2008-01-01

350

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tools to publicize and organize demonstrations and to catalogue human rights abuses. The Arab Spring, or Jasmine Revolution, was an event that was both witnessed and played out in real time online. This article explores the impacts and effects of these technologies on regimes in East Asia, in particular exploring the extent to which they proffer new capabilities upon activists and reformers in the region’s semi-democratic and authoritarian regimes. Drawing on data on Internet and smartphone use, as well as case studies that explore the role of these technologies on the 2008 and 2011 general elections in Malaysia and Singapore respectively, this article suggests that the Internet and social networking platforms do present unique opportunities for activists, citizens and social movements.

Jason P. Abbott

2011-01-01

351

Effects of social environment and personality on communication in male Siamese fighting fish in an artificial network  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Individuals of the same species, sex, age and size may differ in suites of behaviour traits in a consistent manner across time and may thus represent different personalities. In a communication context, the personality of an individual may both affect and be affected by the behaviour of the individuals surrounding it within a network. We investigated the effects of a change of local social environment on two behavioural types, ‘persistent' versus ‘sporadic' signaller, in Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens. Males visually interacted for 1 day in a communication network of seven fish in tanks arranged in a hexagonal grid, while we recorded space use and signalling data. We then exchanged the positions of two males with different behavioural types and observed them interacting the following day. ‘Persistent' signallers were unaffected by the treatment, while ‘sporadic' signallers increased the time spent in the inner front part of their tank, from which they could observe but not interact with the neighbours. Social instability (i.e. number of changed neighbours) raised the signalling levels of individuals independently of their behavioural types. We discuss the relationship between information gathering in a communication network and network composition in terms of behavioural types of its members.

Matessi, Giuliano; Matos, Ricardo Jorge Santa Clara

2010-01-01

352

Electronic and face-to-face communication in maintaining social relationships  

OpenAIRE

Although the spectacular spread of wired and wireless communication technologies such as the Internet and mobile phone have been discussed extensively in the academic literature, knowledge of the interactions among face-to-face (F2F) and electronic communication modes and their implications for travel behavior is rather limited. The same is true for knowledge about factors influencing the choice for these types of communication. Using survey data collected among 662 respondents...

Tillema, T.; Dijst, M. J.; Schwanen, T.

2007-01-01

353

Environmental and social communication and the politics feasibility of the electric sector enterprises  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper updates and presents the conceptual bases of socio-environmental communication and some theoretical aspects relating with political feasibility of enterprises of electric sector, using itself of knowledge produced about the theme and the present experiences of the some sector companies. The following aspects are also included: historical of works about the subject; the present position of electric sector; detailed conceptual bases of political feasibility and socio-environmental communication; existing generation and that one planned in decennial plan of expansion 1993/2002 demonstrating the necessity of socio-environmental communication; conditions and challenges to the use of socio-environmental communications. (C.M.)

354

Qualitative study of the communication processes of Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (RLCS from 1998 to 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the results of a metrics study performed the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (Latina Journal of Social Communication from January 1998 to December 2009. The quantitative analysis explores the communication processes registered in 878 articles, through five bibliometric indicators: gender, academic degree, country of origin, co-authorship and institutional affiliation. This last criterion was applied only to Spanish authors as they account for 55% of the scientific production in the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (hence RLCS. The results indicate that there are 1,047 authors, of which 44% are women and 56% are men. This study addresses the position of RLCS in Latin America and highlights the academic contribution of countries such as Argentina, Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Cuba, and Chile. Moreover, the study addresses the participation of 42 Spanish universities in RLCS, which is also Spanish. So of these universities stand out because they have registered more than 20 authors each (e.g. the University of Seville, the Autonomous University of Barcelona, the Complutense University of Madrid, the University of the Basque Country, the University of Santiago de Compostela, the University of Malaga, and the Rey Juan Carlos University. Finally, the article identifies the institutional affiliation of 285 (27% authors who published in co-authorship, and classifies the types of collaboration of the Spanish authors in three categories: intra-institutional, inter-institutional and international.

Maricela López-Ornelas, M.A.

2010-01-01

355

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva / Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se [...] han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo. Abstract in english The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact [...] that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel, Calvo Calvo.

2011-09-01

356

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brasil: Comunicación para el cambio social  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP en Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado a los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

357

A Perceptual Repetition Blindness Effect  

Science.gov (United States)

Before concluding Repetition Blindness is a perceptual phenomenon, alternative explanations based on memory retrieval problems and report bias must be rejected. Memory problems were minimized by requiring a judgment about only a single briefly displayed field. Bias and sensitivity effects were empirically measured with an ROC-curve analysis method based on confidence ratings. Results from five experiments support the hypothesis that Repetition Blindness can be a perceptual phenomenon.

Hochhaus, Larry; Johnston, James C.; Null, Cynthia H. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

358

Parallel Repetition of Entangled Games  

OpenAIRE

We consider one-round games between a classical referee and two players. One of the main questions in this area is the parallel repetition question: Is there a way to decrease the maximum winning probability of a game without increasing the number of rounds or the number of players? Classically, efforts to resolve this question, open for many years, have culminated in Raz's celebrated parallel repetition theorem on one hand, and in efficient product testers for PCPs on the o...

Kempe, Julia; Vidick, Thomas

2010-01-01

359

Repetitions in beta-integers  

OpenAIRE

Classical crystals are solid materials containing arbitrarily long periodic repetitions of a single motif. In this paper, we study the maximal possible repetition of the same motif occurring in beta-integers -- one dimensional models of quasicrystals. We are interested in beta-integers realizing only a finite number of distinct distances between neighboring elements. In such a case, the problem may be reformulated in terms of combinatorics on words as a study of the index of...

Balkova?, L.; Klouda, K.; Pelantova?, E.

2008-01-01

360

Understanding Maximal Repetitions in Strings  

OpenAIRE

The cornerstone of any algorithm computing all repetitions in a string of length $n$ in ${mathcal O(n)$ time is the fact that the number of runs (or maximal repetitions) is ${mathcal O(n)$. We give a simple proof of this result. As a consequence of our approach, the stronger result concerning the linearity of the sum of exponents of all runs follows easily.

Crochemore, Maxime; Ilie, Lucian

2008-01-01

361

Repetition Avoidance in Circular Factors  

OpenAIRE

We consider the following novel variation on a classical avoidance problem from combinatorics on words: instead of avoiding repetitions in all factors of a word, we avoid repetitions in all factors where each individual factor is considered as a "circular word", i.e., the end of the word wraps around to the beginning. We determine the best possible avoidance exponent for alphabet size 2 and 3, and provide a lower bound for larger alphabets.

Mousavi, Hamoon; Shallit, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

362

Population weighted raster maps can communicate findings of social audits: examples from three continents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Maps can portray trends, patterns, and spatial differences that might be overlooked in tabular data and are now widely used in health research. Little has been reported about the process of using maps to communicate epidemiological findings. Method Population weighted raster maps show colour changes over the study area. Similar to the rasters of barometric pressure in a weather map, data are the health occurrence – a peak on the map represents a higher value of the indicator in question. The population relevance of each sentinel site, as determined in the stratified last stage random sample, combines with geography (inverse-distance weighting to provide a population-weighted extension of each colour. This transforms the map to show population space rather than simply geographic space. Results Maps allowed discussion of strategies to reduce violence against women in a context of political sensitivity about quoting summary indicator figures. Time-series maps showed planners how experiences of health services had deteriorated despite a reform programme; where in a country HIV risk behaviours were improving; and how knowledge of an economic development programme quickly fell off across a region. Change maps highlighted where indicators were improving and where they were deteriorating. Maps of potential impact of interventions, based on multivariate modelling, displayed how partial and full implementation of programmes could improve outcomes across a country. Scale depends on context. To support local planning, district maps or local government authority maps of health indicators were more useful than national maps; but multinational maps of outcomes were more useful for regional institutions. Mapping was useful to illustrate in which districts enrolment in religious schools – a rare occurrence - was more prevalent. Conclusions Population weighted raster maps can present social audit findings in an accessible and compelling way, increasing the use of evidence by planners with limited numeracy skills or little time to look at evidence. Maps complement epidemiological analysis, but they are not a substitute. Much less do they substitute for rigorous epidemiological designs, like randomised controlled trials.

Mitchell Steven

2011-12-01

363

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this research, we tested the effectiveness of media selection prediction of these three tools on 72 communication tasks from 18 companies. We then compared the results to real data. This comparison showed MFF to be more effective than either MRT or SIP, particularly in multiple-media situations. MFF also had a faster convergence of media selection prediction.

Rui Gu

2011-09-01

364

Corporate Social Responsibility Perspectives and Practices in Chinese Companies: A Brief Overview on Environment, Consumers and External Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Economic globalization has brought the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR to the forefront of today's business community in China and around the world. The business community finds it necessary and in their benefit to implement practices learned from CSR studies for socio-economic growth and long-term sustainability. Based on successful studies created in Latin America, this paper proposes an empirical study that will address how CSR is perceived in Chinese companies and will briefly evaluate some practices about environment, consumers, and external communication. Our results are found to have significant association of CSR concept with legal implication. Providing safe and reliable products with services were found to have most relevant attribute towards CSR. Environmental and consumer practices have shown more implemented and useful than those related to communication.

Hai-yan HE

2012-02-01

365

Consumers and Corporate Social Responsibility Communication: What Do They Really Want?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper questions and discusses whether the currently recommended way of communicating CSR to the increasingly important stakeholder group consisting of consumers will also be the optimum way to represent corporate values and behaviour in the future? Maybe it is time to challenge current thinking within the field of CSR communication suggesting that companies should apply a very subtle, implicit and sometimes even endorsed way of communicating CSR in order to inhibit scepticism and enhance persuasion. Perhaps the young consumers- the consumers of the future - are ready for another approach because they have a different understanding and awareness of CSR than we have seen so far? The question is, then, how companies can accommodate this understanding and awareness rhetorically in their communication of CSR. In this paper, a new conceptual model for communicating CSR to consumers is presented along with the theoretical background for a consumer survey aiming to test and develop the model further.

Schmeltz, Line

366

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-Verbal Behaviors  

OpenAIRE

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's non-verbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social pa...

Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko; Rehm, Matthias

2010-01-01

367

Methods for Inferring Health-Related Social Networks among Coworkers from Online Communication Patterns  

OpenAIRE

Studies of social networks, mapped using self-reported contacts, have demonstrated the strong influence of social connections on the propensity for individuals to adopt or maintain healthy behaviors and on their likelihood to adopt health risks such as obesity. Social network analysis may prove useful for businesses and organizations that wish to improve the health of their populations by identifying key network positions. Health traits have been shown to correlate across friendship ties, but...

Matthews, Luke J.; Dewan, Peter; Rula, Elizabeth Y.

2013-01-01

368

Look into organizations? marketing communication campaigns on social issues in Finland  

OpenAIRE

This study examined social marketing and related dimensions by looking at case campaigns of three Finnish organizations of the public, business and civic sector. Marketing on these sectors is about behavioral influence, but has diverse characteristics. The aims of the research were to clarify the multidimensional field of marketing applied to social issues, to find out the different dimensions, and to examine in which dimensions the case campaigns fit. Social marketing and rela...

Lahtinen, Emmi

2010-01-01

369

Social communication impairments in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome: Slow response time and the impact of prompting  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the present study children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (N = 13) and a matched control group of typically developing children and adolescents were presented with 26 vignettes of daily life situations, including irony, metaphors, contrary emotions, jealousy, social blunders, and understanding intentions. The participants in the AS group showed significant impairments in social communication. They needed significantly longer response times to solve the tasks and required significantly more prompt questions than the control persons. When analyzing the AS participants' performances before any prompt questions had been given, their task performances were significantly poorer than after the prompts had been given indicating that without any prompt questions their task performance would have fallen markedly. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kaland, Nils; Mortensen, Erik Lykke

2011-01-01

370

Social networks in the R&D process : the case of the wireless communication industry around Aalborg, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Whether social networks diffuse knowledge across firm boundaries has been the topic of much debate. To inform these theories, this article considers two questions. First, who has contacts across firm boundaries? And second, when do these relations diffuse knowledge? Our empirical evidence comes from a survey of 346 engineers in the wireless communication industry around Aalborg in Northern Denmark. Our analysis finds that social contact between these engineers is frequent and is used to diffuse knowledge that receivers find useful. More experienced engineers are more likely to receive valuable knowledge from their networks. These findings show that the long-term relationships, which are more likely based on trust and reputation, are also more likely to be a channel valuable knowledge. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Dahl, Michael S.; Østergaard, Christian Richter

2005-01-01

371

Social Acceptance of a Teleoperated Android : Field Study on Elderly’s Engagement with an Embodied Communication Medium in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We explored the potential of teleoperated android robots, which are embodied telecommunication media with humanlike appearances, and how they affect people in the real world when they are employed to express a telepresence and a sense of ‘being there’. In Denmark, our exploratory study focused on the social aspects of Telenoid, a teleoperated android, which might facilitate communication between senior citizens and Telenoid’s operator. After applying it to the elderly in their homes, we found that the elderly assumed positive attitudes toward Telenoid, and their positivity and strong attachment to its huggable minimalistic human design were cross-culturally shared in Denmark and Japan. Contrary to the negative reactions by non-users in media reports, our result suggests that teleoperated androids can be accepted by the elderly as a kind of universal design medium for social inclusion.

Ryuji, Yamazaki; Nishio, Shuichi

2012-01-01

372

El paradigma médico social y la competencia comunicativa del profesional de ciencias medicas / The social and medical paradigm and communicative competence of health sciences professional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available En el nuevo paradigma sociomédico la efectividad de la comunicación constituye la piedra angular ante el reto de promover cambios en los estilos de vida y ofreciendo a la población instrumentos para pensar, analizar y reflexionar sobre su salud. La relación médico-paciente como modelo de comunicació [...] n fundamenta el comportamiento del profesional de las Ciencias Médicas y las relaciones que contraerán entre sí los médicos y el equipo de salud de donde depende la conducta moral o ética que orientará y caracterizará su trato. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar acerca de los aspectos esenciales que deben caracterizar la competencia comunicativa del profesional y las habilidades para conformar una cultura de la comunicación que sirvan de base a la gestión de salud en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Se analiza el manejo de la comunicación para el logro de la empatía con el paciente, la liquidación de barreras comunicativas que permitan el acercamiento y la interacción reflexiva con el hombre sano o enfermo, la familia, las agrupaciones comunitarias y la coordinación con las instituciones sociales de la comunidad que permitan los cambios necesarios para alcanzar un modo de vida más sano y el desarrollo creciente de la cultura de la salud en la población, vinculando las herramientas cognoscitivas para educar a los miembros de la sociedad en el cuidado de su salud con las habilidades comunicativas que le permitan ser comprendido eficazmente basado en la amistad, confianza y respeto entre él y la población por cuya salud debe velar. Abstract in english In de new social and medical paradigm the effectiveness of communication constitutes a cornerstone to face the challenge for promoting changes in the lifestyle and offering people ways to think, analyze and to reflex about their health. The doctor patient relationship as a model of communication sub [...] stantiate the behavior of the medical science professional and the relation that doctors will have among them and the health team from which it will depend the moral or ethical attitude to be oriented and will also characterize the attention. The objective of this paper is to reflex about the essential aspects that should characterize the skills to form a culture of communication aim to obtain a health work in the primary health care. The management of communication is analyzed to achieve and empathy with the patient, the elimination of communicative barriers that allow the approaching and reflexive interaction with the healthy or the sick person, the family, communitarian groups and the coordination with the communitarian social institutions, which permit the necessary changes to reach a healthier lifestyle and an ascending development of the health culture into the population, relating knowledge tools in order to educate members of the society in their health care wilt the communicative skills that allow them being will understood based on friendship, confidence, and respect between the health professional and the population whose health be should take care of.

Maritza de la Rosa, Legón; Nelia, Vega González; Lourdes, Brito Gómez.

2010-09-01

373

El paradigma médico social y la competencia comunicativa del profesional de ciencias medicas The social and medical paradigm and communicative competence of health sciences professional  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el nuevo paradigma sociomédico la efectividad de la comunicación constituye la piedra angular ante el reto de promover cambios en los estilos de vida y ofreciendo a la población instrumentos para pensar, analizar y reflexionar sobre su salud. La relación médico-paciente como modelo de comunicación fundamenta el comportamiento del profesional de las Ciencias Médicas y las relaciones que contraerán entre sí los médicos y el equipo de salud de donde depende la conducta moral o ética que orientará y caracterizará su trato. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar acerca de los aspectos esenciales que deben caracterizar la competencia comunicativa del profesional y las habilidades para conformar una cultura de la comunicación que sirvan de base a la gestión de salud en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Se analiza el manejo de la comunicación para el logro de la empatía con el paciente, la liquidación de barreras comunicativas que permitan el acercamiento y la interacción reflexiva con el hombre sano o enfermo, la familia, las agrupaciones comunitarias y la coordinación con las instituciones sociales de la comunidad que permitan los cambios necesarios para alcanzar un modo de vida más sano y el desarrollo creciente de la cultura de la salud en la población, vinculando las herramientas cognoscitivas para educar a los miembros de la sociedad en el cuidado de su salud con las habilidades comunicativas que le permitan ser comprendido eficazmente basado en la amistad, confianza y respeto entre él y la población por cuya salud debe velar.In de new social and medical paradigm the effectiveness of communication constitutes a cornerstone to face the challenge for promoting changes in the lifestyle and offering people ways to think, analyze and to reflex about their health. The doctor patient relationship as a model of communication substantiate the behavior of the medical science professional and the relation that doctors will have among them and the health team from which it will depend the moral or ethical attitude to be oriented and will also characterize the attention. The objective of this paper is to reflex about the essential aspects that should characterize the skills to form a culture of communication aim to obtain a health work in the primary health care. The management of communication is analyzed to achieve and empathy with the patient, the elimination of communicative barriers that allow the approaching and reflexive interaction with the healthy or the sick person, the family, communitarian groups and the coordination with the communitarian social institutions, which permit the necessary changes to reach a healthier lifestyle and an ascending development of the health culture into the population, relating knowledge tools in order to educate members of the society in their health care wilt the communicative skills that allow them being will understood based on friendship, confidence, and respect between the health professional and the population whose health be should take care of.

Maritza de la Rosa Legón

2010-09-01

374

On primary and secondary repetitions in words  

OpenAIRE

Combinatorial properties of maximal repetitions (runs) in formal words are studied. We classify all maximal repetitions in a word as primary and secondary where the set of all primary repetitions determines all the other repetitons in the word. Essential combinatorial properties of primary repetitions are established.

Kolpakov, Roman

2011-01-01

375

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

376

From Hitting and Tattling to Communication and Negotiation: The Young Child's Stages of Socialization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the importance of supporting young children's socialization process from the perspective of a teacher educator/researcher, a parent, and a caregiver. Describes four stages of socialization (using physical aggression, asking for help, using words, and problem solving) and offers recommendations for corresponding spacial needs, play…

Cooney, Margaret; And Others

1996-01-01

377

ELECTRONIC BOOK FOR THE DIRECTION AND INSTITUTIONAL COMMUNICATION ADMINISTRATION SUBJECT OF THE FIFTH YEAR OF THE SOCIAL COMMUNICATION STUDIES/ LIBRO ELECTRÓNICO PARA LA ASIGNATURA DIRECCIÓN Y GESTIÓN DE COMUNICACIÓN INSTITUCIONAL DEL V AÑO DE LA CARRERA DE COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article the developed work is detailed to the elaboration of the electronic book to the Direction and Institutional Communication Administration subject for the fifth year of the studies of Social Communication. The use of the new technologies of the information and communications applied to the teaching, by means of the application of a tool to the creation of interactive products that propitiate a more active learning and at the same time interesting and pleasant, it´s the essence of the conception of the book that is presented. Simultaneously it contributes to the solution of the bibliography´ situation of this subject that doesn't have a basic text. The design of the book allows to unify in a didactic body the dispersed contents in several consultation bibliographies and to include other types of materials, as videos, images and materials of the media. RESUMEN En el artículo se detalla el trabajo desarrollado para la elaboración del libro electrónico para la asignatura Dirección y Gestión de Comunicación Institucional para el 5to año de la carrera de Comunicación Social. La utilización de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones aplicadas a la enseñanza, mediante la aplicación de una herramienta para la creación de productos interactivos que propicien un aprendizaje más activo y a la vez interesante y ameno, es la esencia de la concepción del libro que se presenta. Simultáneamente contribuye a la solución de la situación de la bibliografía de dicha asignatura, que no cuenta con un texto básico. El diseño del libro permite unificar en un cuerpo didáctico los contenidos dispersos en varias bibliografías de consulta e incluir otros tipos de materiales, como videos, imágenes y materiales de la prensa.

Alejandro del Cristo Rodríguez Morell

2013-12-01

378

¿Para qué sirve la semiótica?: una propuesta de resignificación de la mujer a través de la comunicación para el cambio social / What is semiotics for?: A proposal for the resignification of women through communication for social change  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Este documento propone establecer puntos de encuentro entre las categorías mujer, semiótica y comunicación para el cambio social. El texto plantea como su eje central la idea de que una comunicación para la transformación social exige resignificar a la mujer en las distintas instancias del proceso c [...] omunicativo. El artículo explora, en primera instancia, contenidos teóricos sobre la semiótica, con el fin de ubicar su relación con un discurso crítico sobre el universo sígnico que los medios masivos proponen para la mujer. Una vez establecida esta mirada, se pretende estudiar la semiótica como componente fundamental de la comunicación para el cambio social en la medida en que posibilita generar actos narrativos de permanente re-significación humana Abstract in english This document proposes to establish points of contact between female categories, semiotics and communication for social change. The text asserts as its central theme the idea that communication for social transformation requires new meaning to women in different instances of the communication proces [...] s. The article explores in the first instance, contained theoretical semiotics, in order to locate her relationship with a critical discourse about the universe significant that the media offer for women. Hence, the purpose is to study semiotics as a fundamental component of communication for social change in the sense that facilitates the generation of narrative acts of permanent human re-signification

Luis Ricardo, Navarro Díaz.

2011-01-15

379

The social network and the geo-hydrological information: the CNR IRPI Facebook page as example of communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Good communication is a fundamental step for the spread of news and knowledge. The effectiveness and persuasiveness of a message is a function of the interaction of characteristics of the audience, the source of the message, and content of the message. Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) has been publishing information on geo-hydrological events using the Internet (http://sici.irpi.cnr.it/, http://webmap.irpi.cnr.it/, http://geomorphology.irpi.cnr.it/, http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it/, http://giida.irpi.cnr.it/, http://events.irpi.cnr.it/ ). Our websites are mainly visited by experts and the information are used for technical purposes. The contents and the interface of the websites are designed for this type of users. Our intention is to increase the type of users, and we are testing the use of social network to catch the wide public's attention. Social networks have emerged as critical factor in information dissemination, search, marketing expertise and influence discovery, and are an important channel for people to share information. Social scientist have long recognized the importance of social networks in the spread of information. Facebook and Twitter are the most widely used social networking services. They make it simpler to communicate with multiple people at one time. Social media may also make it easier for users to monitor activities of people (friends or followers). An official Facebook page of the Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI, https://www.facebook.com/CNR.IRPI ), was created and linked to a Twitter account. The purpose of this page is to disseminate information on flood and landslide events and on our research activities, in order to raise awareness of geo-hydrological matters among users. This page publishes news on current or historical landslide and flood events involving the Italian territory, or news from around the world collected on the network. The news are published as text or links to videos or photos collected from the network. Facebook provides statistics regarding access the page and the interactions that users have with the news published. These statistics make it possible to quantify the interest of the users to the content of the news (post events, new publication institute, etc.). The way the news are published (only in text mode, with photographic or video images), the novelty (current event or historical) and the location (events in Italy or abroad) are all messages characteristic's that increase the audience attention. This work has highlighted the significance of the characteristics that can draw the attention of the public regarding landslide and flood information.

Fiorucci, Federica; Bianchi, Cinzia; Marchesini, Ivan; Salvati, Paola; Fugnoli, Federico; Guzzetti, Fausto

2014-05-01

380

A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological systems  

OpenAIRE

To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insig...

Vervoort, Joost M.; Keuskamp, Diederik H.; Kasper Kok; Ron van Lammeren; Taconis Stolk; Tom (A.) Veldkamp; Joost Rekveld; Ronald Schelfhout; Bart Teklenburg; Andre Cavalheiro Borges; Silvia Jánoškóva; Willem Wits; Nicky Assmann; Erfan Abdi Dezfouli; Kate Cunningham

2014-01-01

381

Performance of human groups in social foraging: the role of communication in consensus decision making  

OpenAIRE

Early hominids searched for dispersed food sources in a patchy, uncertain environment, and modern humans encounter equivalent spatial–temporal coordination problems on a daily basis. A fundamental, but untested assumption is that our evolved capacity for communication is integral to our success in such tasks, allowing information exchange and consensus decisions based on mutual consideration of pooled information. Here we examine whether communication enhances group performance in humans, a...

King, Andrew J.; Narraway, Claire; Hodgson, Lindsay; Weatherill, Aidan; Sommer, Volker; Sumner, Seirian

2010-01-01

382

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles only, and preference was given to randomized controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Repetitive strain injuries result from repeated stress to the body's soft tissue structures including muscles, tendons, and nerves. They often occur in patients who perform repetitive movements either in their jobs or in extracurricular activities. Common RSIs include tendon-related disorders, such as rotator cuff tendonitis, and peripheral nerve entrapment disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. A careful history and physical examination often lead to the diagnosis, but newer imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound, can help in refractory cases. Conservative management with medication, physiotherapy, or bracing is the mainstay of treatment. Surgery is reserved for cases that do not respond to treatment. CONCLUSION: Repetitive strain injury is common; primary care physicians must establish a diagnosis and, more importantly, its relationship to occupation. Treatment can be offered by family physicians who refer to specialists for cases refractory to conservative management.

Stanish WD

2001-02-01

383

Communications  

OpenAIRE

Communications are an outstanding feature of Ireland's rural landscape. Some roads date from early times, but a network of roads and lanes, much denser than in most of Europe, developed strongly in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to link the diffuse pattern of small single farms, provide access to peat bogs and hill grazing, and serve a population substantially larger than the present. The expansion of roads had profound consequences in pre-industrial Ireland, ending isolation, alteri...

Killen, James E.; Murphy, Enda

2011-01-01

384

Haploinsufficiency of the autism-associated Shank3 gene leads to deficits in synaptic function, social interaction, and social communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background SHANK3 is a protein in the core of the postsynaptic density (PSD and has a critical role in recruiting many key functional elements to the PSD and to the synapse, including components of ?-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA, metabotropic glutamate (mGlu and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA glutamate receptors, as well as cytoskeletal elements. Loss of a functional copy of the SHANK3 gene leads to the neurobehavioral manifestations of 22q13 deletion syndrome and/or to autism spectrum disorders. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of haploinsufficiency of full-length Shank3 in mice, focusing on synaptic development, transmission and plasticity, as well as on social behaviors, as a model for understanding SHANK3 haploinsufficiency in humans. Methods We used mice with a targeted disruption of Shank3 in which exons coding for the ankyrin repeat domain were deleted and expression of full-length Shank3 was disrupted. We studied synaptic transmission and plasticity by multiple methods, including patch-clamp whole cell recording, two-photon time-lapse imaging and extracellular recordings of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials. We also studied the density of GluR1-immunoreactive puncta in the CA1 stratum radiatum and carried out assessments of social behaviors. Results In Shank3 heterozygous mice, there was reduced amplitude of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents from hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons and the input-output (I/O relationship at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in acute hippocampal slices was significantly depressed; both of these findings indicate a reduction in basal neurotransmission. Studies with specific inhibitors demonstrated that the decrease in basal transmission reflected reduced AMPA receptor-mediated transmission. This was further supported by the observation of reduced numbers of GluR1-immunoreactive puncta in the stratum radiatum. Long-term potentiation (LTP, induced either with ?-burst pairing (TBP or high-frequency stimulation, was impaired in Shank3 heterozygous mice, with no significant change in long-term depression (LTD. In concordance with the LTP results, persistent expansion of spines was observed in control mice after TBP-induced LTP; however, only transient spine expansion was observed in Shank3 heterozygous mice. Male Shank3 heterozygotes displayed less social sniffing and emitted fewer ultrasonic vocalizations during interactions with estrus female mice, as compared to wild-type littermate controls. Conclusions We documented specific deficits in synaptic function and plasticity, along with reduced reciprocal social interactions in Shank3 heterozygous mice. Our results are consistent with altered synaptic development and function in Shank3 haploinsufficiency, highlighting the importance of Shank3 in synaptic function and supporting a link between deficits in synapse function and neurodevelopmental disorders. The reduced glutamatergic transmission that we observed in the Shank3 heterozygous mice represents an interesting therapeutic target in Shank3-haploinsufficiency syndromes.

Bozdagi Ozlem

2010-12-01

385

EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AND SOCIALIZATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN AS A COMMUNICATION  

OpenAIRE

In this work, the author actualizes one of the many important questions that determine the educational process in function of the socialization of mentally retarded children compulsory connected with ordinary living.

Lozanovski, Dimitar

1998-01-01

386

The keys to success : the social, sporting, economic and communications impact of Barcelona'92  

OpenAIRE

Este libro es una recopilación de artículos que analizan los impactos de los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona'92 en diversos campos: deportivo, social, político, comunicativo, urbanístico, tecnológico y económico.

Moragas Spa?, Miquel

1995-01-01

387

The Snowtweets Project: communicating snow depth measurements from specialists and non-specialists via mobile communication technologies and social networks  

Science.gov (United States)

With the global decline of in situ snow measurements for hydrometeorological applications, there is an evolving need to find alternative ways to collect localized measurements of snow. The Snowtweets Project is an experiment aimed at providing a way for people interested in making snow measurements to quickly broadcast their measurements to the internet. The goal of the project is to encourage specialists and non-specialists alike to share simple snow depth measurements through widely available social networking sites. We are currently using the rapidly growing microblogging site Twitter (www.twitter.com) as a broadcasting vehicle to collect the snow depth measurements. Using 140 characters or less, users "tweet" their snow depth from their location through the Twitter website. This can be done from a computer or smartphone with internet access or through SMS messaging. The project has developed a Snowtweets web application that interrogates Twitter by parsing the 140 character string to obtain a geographic position and snow depth. GeoRSS and KML feeds are available to visualize the tweets in GoogleEarth or they can be viewed in our own visualiser, Snowbird. The emphasis is on achieving wide coverage to increase the number of microblogs. Furthermore, after some quality control filters, the project is able to combine the broadcast snow depths with traditional and objective satellite remote sensing-based observations or hydrologic model estimates. Our site, snowcore.uwaterloo.ca, was launched in July 2009 and is ready for the 2009-2010 northern hemisphere winter. We invite comments from experienced community participation projects to help improve our product.

King, J. M.; Cabrera, A. R.; Kelly, R. E.

2009-12-01

388

From individual communication to social networks: evolution of a technical platform for the elderly  

OpenAIRE

One of the biggest challenges we currently face is to keep elderly people immersed in their social environment when they leave their home and enter a retirement home. Many of them feel isolated. The TV stands as their favorite media, and our first experiments showed that listening to vocalized local news and receiving TV messages and photos from family helped in fighting these feelings of isolation. With online social networks, we wish to involve the elderly in new types of interactions, more...

Bothorel, Ce?cile; Lohr, Christophe; The?paut, Andre?; Bonnaud, Fabrice; Cabasse, Gilbert

2011-01-01

389

Social media as public sphere :an exploratory study of online political communication in Norway  

OpenAIRE

This thesis presents an exploratory study of the use of social media in the Norwegian public sector, and contributes to the understanding of how social media can be applied to improve deliberation. The study is situated within the eParticipation research field. The motivation for the study is the reported challenges facing democracy, in the form of lower voter turnout, decline in political party membership, and a general lessening of interest for public issues and deliberation. Deliberation i...

Johannessen, Marius Rohde

2013-01-01

390

Social Communication and Theory of Mind in Boys with Autism and Fragile X Syndrome  

OpenAIRE

Impairments in the social use of language, or pragmatics, constitute a core characteristic of autism. Problems with pragmatic language have also been documented in fragile X syndrome (FXS), a monogenic condition that is the most common known genetic cause of autism. Evidence suggests that social cognitive ability, or theory of mind, may also be impaired in both conditions, and in autism, may importantly relate to pragmatic language ability. Given the substantial overlap observed in autism and...

MollyLosh; GaryE.Martin

2012-01-01

391

Million volt repetitive spark gaps  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Possible reasons are briefly discussed why switches operating at one or two million volts may be needed. Experimental results obtained with a 700 kV spark gap operating at a very modest rate of 10 pps are summarised. Reasons are advanced why it may be possible to push the repetition rate up to 1 kHz or more for gaps operating at a million volts or so. A very brief survey is given as to what the author thinks may be some of the areas of greatest difficulty associated with repetitive pulse generators operating in such regimes

392

Repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

I show that two spin rotators 180 degree apart may be desirable for the repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect. I also calculate the effect of depolarization resonance on the repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect. It is shown that to first order in resonance strength, we can avoid the imperfection resonance if the energy of the beam is at G? = n + 1/2. The time available for accumulating the Stern-Gerlach kick is then limited by the intrinsic resonance. 5 refs., 1 fig

393

Health literacy: communication for the public good.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article builds upon a presentation at the Fifth Global Health Conference on Health Promotion (Mexico City, 9 June 2000), seeking to advance the development of health literacy through effective communication. First, it offers a timely reflection for health promotion epistemology in particular, and the potential approach to framing health promotion activities in general, with health literacy as a bridging concept. The concept of health literacy is briefly explained and defined, followed by identification of some promising communication interventions to diffuse health literacy. Four predominant areas within the communication field are described that shed light on approaches for developing health literacy: integrated marketing communication, education, negotiation and social capital. Each component can contribute to strategic science-based communication. Finally, the article elucidates that communication and developing health literacy are not simple solutions. Communication is not simply message repetition, but includes the development of an environment for community involvement to espouse common values of humankind. With effective communication, worldwide health literacy can become a reality in the 21st century, embodying health as a central tenet of human life. PMID:11356759

Ratzan, S C

2001-06-01

394

Comunicación social, preparativos y mitigación de desastres: visión de futuro / Social communication, preparedness and mitigation of disasters: A vision for the future  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La comunicación para la prevención es un proceso complejo que requiere la acción de profesionales y población en general, donde el profesional en comunicación es un eje en su conjunto. La educación se centra no solo en el desarrollo de medidas inmediatas posteriores a los eventos, sino desde mucho a [...] ntes, para consolidar los sitios inestables y persuadir a la población de reducir los niveles de riesgo que están dispuestos a aceptar. Las observaciones de los efectos en salud de un desastre en poblaciones permiten establecer áreas de intervención y definir acciones inmediatas. El empleo de encuestas y la evaluación inicial resultan prácticos para identificar las necesidades de las poblaciones afectadas; sin embargo, el establecimiento de sistemas de vigilancia en salud y la comunicación social constituyen la principal aplicación del método epidemiológico en la práctica actual. El carácter interdisciplinario de la epidemiología permite trascender la simple agregación de conceptos y prácticas sobre vigilancia epidemiológica para contribuir a una síntesis integral del conocimiento sobre temas específicos, como salud ambiental, servicios médicos y control de vectores antes, durante y con posterioridad a los desastres. El presente documento ofrece una herramienta para que los profesionales cooperantes mejoren la eficacia y la calidad de su asistencia y, de ese modo, aporten un cambio significativo a la vida de las personas afectadas por un desastre. Abstract in english Communication for prevention is a complex process requiring actions by professionals and general population as well, where the communication expert is the key. Education is focused not only on the development of immediate measures to be taken after the event but on the work carried out before that t [...] ime, to consolidate unstable sites and to persuade the population to lower the risk levels that they are willing to accept. Observation of the health effects of a disaster on the populations allows setting intervention areas and defining immediate actions. The use of surveys and the initial evaluation served to identify in a practical way the needs of affected communities; however, the setting up of health surveillance systems and the social communication are the main applications of the epidemiological method in practice. The inter-disciplinary nature of epidemiology makes it possible to go beyond the simple addition of concepts and practices in epidemiological surveillance to provide a comprehensive summary of practices in specific topics such as environmental health, medical services and vector control before, during and after the disaster. The present paper offered a tool for professionals working in cooperation missions so that they can improve the efficiency and quality of their assistance, and thus make a significant change in the life of those persons affected by disasters.

395

Translating the link between social identity and health behavior into effective health communication strategies: An experimental application using antismoking advertisements.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social identity is a construct that has been linked to health behavior. Yet, limited research has attempted to translate this relationship into health communication strategies. The current study addresses this gap by examining the efficacy of social identity targeting (constructing ads so that they target a specific group with which an individual identifies) to increase anti-cigarette smoking beliefs among adolescents. Two hundred and fifty one adolescents aged 12-15, randomly selected from a nationally representative sample, completed an online survey. Participants indicated which of 11 peer groups (determined in pre-testing) they most identified with. Each participant was then randomly assigned to view an ad that either did or did not target that group. One week later participants reported level of agreement with two key antismoking beliefs presented in the ad. Multiple regression analyses indicated that if an individual identified with the group targeted by the ad, antismoking beliefs were more strongly endorsed. Based on these findings, we conclude that social identity targeting has the potential to increase the effectiveness of antismoking messages and should be considered when designing antismoking campaigns. PMID:24447056

Moran, Meghan Bridgid; Sussman, Steve

2014-01-01

396

Use of social communication as a tool for environmental licensing of small-scale hydroelectric power plants; Uso da comunicacao social como instrumento para o licenciamento ambiental de PCH - pequenas centrais hidreletricas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present work intends to study the process of environmental licensing of the Small ones Central Hydroelectric (PCHs) through the rising of the legal framework of the referred process and to analyze the application of tools of social communication in the mitigation of the social impacts in the zone of influence of the enterprise. Through the analysis of the critical points in the environmental licensing of small hydroelectric uses and evaluation of communication actions taking in consideration the environmental costs for the enterprise. (author)

Tiago Filho, Geraldo Lucio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais], e-mail: tiago@unifei.edu.br; Galhardo, Camila Rocha [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Pequenas Centrais Hidreletricas (CERPCH), MG (Brazil)], e-mail: pchnoticias@unifei.edu.br

2006-07-01

397

Communication competence, social support, and depression among college students: a model of facebook and face-to-face support network influence.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the influence of the social networking site Facebook and face-to-face support networks on depression among (N = 361) college students. The authors used the Relational Health Communication Competence Model as a framework for examining the influence of communication competence on social support network satisfaction and depression. Moreover, they examined the influence of interpersonal and social integrative motives as exogenous variables. On the basis of previous work, the authors propose and test a theoretical model using structural equation modeling. The results indicated empirical support for the model, with interpersonal motives predicting increased face-to-face and computer-mediated competence, increased social support satisfaction with face-to-face and Facebook support, and lower depression scores. The implications of the findings for theory, key limitations, and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:23030518

Wright, Kevin B; Rosenberg, Jenny; Egbert, Nicole; Ploeger, Nicole A; Bernard, Daniel R; King, Shawn

2013-01-01

398

Child marriage prevention in Amhara Region, Ethiopia: association of communication exposure and social influence with parents/guardians' knowledge and attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite increasing international attention to child marriage and its negative health and social consequences, little is known about the knowledge and beliefs of individuals who are in control of negotiating children's marriages and of the social context in which these individuals function. Using data from a 2007 cross-sectional household survey and multilevel logistic regression models, this paper examined the associations of communication exposure and measures of social influence with knowledge of marriage legislation, perceptions that marriage before age 18 was "too early", and beliefs in daughters' rights to individual marriage choice among parents/guardians in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The study found that mass media and interpersonal communication exposure were positively associated with all outcomes. The influence of communication exposure on knowledge of the legal minimum age at marriage and the perception that marriage before 18 was "too early" varied significantly across communities. Community pressure to stop child marriages and awareness of marriage law enforcement were positively associated with endorsing daughters' rights to choose their marriage age and partner. Perceived social norms regarding early marriage, normative beliefs and perceived benefits of delayed marriage were at least as important as communication exposure for endorsing daughters' rights to marriage choice. Gender and education differences were detected. The findings imply that child marriage-prevention programs should diversify information channels, reinforce perceived advantages of delayed marriage, and adopt a social influence perspective. PMID:24161097

Gage, Anastasia J

2013-11-01

399

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

CMS Centres, Outreach and the 7 TeV Media Event The new CMS Communications group is now established and is addressing three areas that are critical to CMS as it enters the physics operations phase: - Communications Infrastructure, including almost 50 CMS Centres Worldwide, videoconferencing systems, and CERN meeting rooms - Information systems, including the internal and external Web sites as well as the document preparation and management systems - Outreach and Education activities, including working with print, radio and TV media, visits to CMS, and exhibitions. The group has been active in many areas, with the highest priority being accorded to needs of CMS operations and preparations for the major media event planned for 7 TeV collisions. Unfortunately the CMS Centre@CERN suffered a major setback when, on 21st December, a cooling water pipe froze and burst on the floor above the CMS Centre main room. Water poured through the ceiling, flooding the floor and soaking some of the consoles, before e...

L. Taylor and D. Barney

2010-01-01

400

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

The organisation of the Open Days at the end of September was the single biggest effort of the CMS Communications Group this year. We would like to thank all volunteers for their hard work to show our Point 5 facilities and explain science and technology to the general public. During two days more than 5,000 people visited the CMS detector underground and profited from the surface activities, which included an exhibition on CMS, a workshop on superconductivity, and an activity for our younger visitors involving wooden Kapla blocks. The Communications Group took advantage of the preparations to produce new CMS posters that can be reused at other venues. Event display images have been produced not just for this occasion but also for other exhibits, education purposes, publications etc. During the Open Days, Gilles Jobin, 2012 winner of CERN Collide@CERN prize, performed his Quantum show in Point 5, with the light installation of German artist Julius von Bismarck. Image 3: CERN Open Days at CMS wel...

A. Petrilli

2013-01-01

401

Comunicação Comunitária: uma disciplina de formação sociopolítica e de intervenção social / Community Communication: discipline training sociopolitical and social intervention / Comunicación Comunitaria: una disciplina de formación sociopolítica y intervención social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A disciplina Comunicação Comunitária ofertada para as habilitações de Jornalismo e de Relações Públicas do curso de Comunicação Social da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL/PR) tem representado para os estudantes de graduação na área um dos mais importantes espaços de formação sociopolítica, bem [...] como a possibilidade de produção de uma experiência de intervenção social. Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a experiência de oferta da referida disciplina, considerando a necessidade da ampliação de espaços de reflexão e de discussão política a respeito do papel da Universidade e sobre o compromisso do profissional com a sociedade, a partir de algumas reflexões baseadas em Paulo Freire e Antonio Gramsci. Por meio de uma breve análise do conteúdo programático da disciplina e do relato de algumas experiências, com a realização de projetos de intervenção social desenvolvidos no contexto da disciplina, observa-se uma qualificação política no processo de formação acadêmica, na perspectiva de constituição de um sujeito social crítico e emancipado. Abstract in spanish La disciplina Comunicación Comunitaria que se ofrece a las calificaciones de Periodismo y Relaciones Públicas del curso de Comunicación Social de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina (UEL/PR) ha representado a los estudiantes graduados en el área una de las zonas más importantes de la formación sociop [...] olítica, así como la posibilidad de producir una experiencia de intervención social. Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la experiencia de suministro de tal disciplina, teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de aumentar los espacios para la reflexión y el debate político sobre el papel de la universidad y en el compromiso del profesional con la sociedad, a partir de algunas reflexiones basadas en Paulo Freire y Antonio Gramsci. A través de un breve análisis del programa de la materia y el relato de algunas experiências, con la realización de proyectos de intervención social desarrollados en el contexto de la disciplina, observamos una calificación política del proceso de aprendizaje académico, en la perspectiva de constitución de un sujeto social crítico y emancipado. Abstract in english The discipline Community Communication offered to the qualifications of Journalism and Public Relations course in Social Communication from the State University of Londrina (UEL/PR) has represented to graduate students in the area one of the most important areas of sociopolitical formation, as well [...] the possibility of producing a social experience intervention. This article aims to analyze the experience of supply of such discipline, considering the need of increasing spaces for reflection and political discussion about the role of the university and on the professional's commitment to society, from some reflections based on Paulo Freire and Antonio Gramsci. Through a brief analysis of the syllabus of the subject and the reporting of some experiences, with the realization of social intervention projects developed in the context of the discipline, there is a political qualification of the academic learning process, in view of the constitution of a subject social critic and emancipated.

Rozinaldo Antonio, Miani.

2014-06-01

402

Existential Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Focusing on the seminal work "Being and Nothingness," this paper explores the implications of the ideas of Jean-Paul Sartre for the study of communication in society. The paper redefines communication from an existential point of view, explores some implications of this redefinition for the study of communication within the social setting, and…

Self, Charles C.

403

A Communicative Innovational Change for Counselor Training Programs: A Social Systems View.  

Science.gov (United States)

In discussing the complex aspects of innovational change in counselor education programs, this paper advances two major arguments: (1) that the communication skills possessed by counselors determine the eventual success or failure of the counseling relationship, and (2) that interdisciplinary approaches to innovational change for counselor…

Hugenberg, Lawrence W.

404

Family Health History Communication Networks of Older Adults: Importance of Social Relationships and Disease Perceptions  

Science.gov (United States)

Older individuals play a critical role in disseminating family health history (FHH) information that can facilitate disease prevention among younger family members. This study evaluated the characteristics of older adults and their familial networks associated with two types of communication ("have shared" and "intend to share…

Ashida, Sato; Kaphingst, Kimberly A.; Goodman, Melody; Schafer, Ellen J.

2013-01-01

405

Linking environmental risk assessment and communication: An experiment in co-evolving scientific and social knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

Dissemination of information to decision-makers and enhanced methods of public participation are often put forward as antidotes to a perceived disconnect between risk assessment and risk communication in the public domain. However, mechanisms that support both the provision of routine, timely and relevant technical knowledge to the public and meaningful opportunities for public participation in the evaluation and management of risk are few. We argue for the need to re-conceptualise the institutional context in which risk research and communication occur as one in which scientific knowledge and public understanding are co-evolutionary instead of independent or sequential. Here, we report on an experiment to promote coevolution of environmental risk assessment and risk communication through the instrumental use of a web-based platform that dynamically links expert and public discourses through common information sources, linked scenario evaluations, and opportunities for iterative dialogue. On the basis of technical feasibility, research value and public communication capacity, we conclude that there is potential for further refinement of the methodologies presented here. Copyright ?? 2008 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Graffy, E.A.; Booth, N.L.

2008-01-01

406

A Generalization of Repetition Threshold  

OpenAIRE

Brandenburg and (implicitly) Dejean introduced the concept of repetition threshold: the smallest real number alpha such that there exists an infinite word over a k-letter alphabet that avoids beta-powers for all beta>alpha. We generalize this concept to include the lengths of the avoided words. We give some conjectures supported by numerical evidence and prove one of these conjectures.

Ilie, Lucian; Shallit, Jeffrey

2003-01-01

407

Repetitive elements in parasitic protozoa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract A recent paper published in BMC Genomics suggests that retrotransposition may be active in the human gut parasite Entamoeba histolytica. This adds to our knowledge of the various types of repetitive elements in parasitic protists and the potential influence of such elements on pathogenicity. See research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/11/321

Clayton Christine

2010-05-01

408

Assessing Autism-like Behavior in Mice: Variations in Social Interactions Among Inbred Strains.  

OpenAIRE

Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder, with characteristics including impairments in reciprocal social interaction, impaired communication, and repetitive/stereotyped behaviors. Despite decades of research, the etiology of autism remains elusive. Thus, it is important that we pursue all avenues, in attempting to understand this complicated disorder. One such avenue is the development of animal models. While autism may be uniquely human, there are behavioral characteristics of the disor...

Bolivar, Valerie J.; Walters, Samantha R.; Phoenix, Jennifer L.

2006-01-01

409

Different Social Motives in the Gestural Communication of Chimpanzees and Human Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Both chimpanzees and human infants use the pointing gesture with human adults, but it is not clear if they are doing so for the same social motives. In two studies, we presented chimpanzees and human 25-month-olds with the opportunity to point for a hidden tool (in the presence of a non-functional distractor). In one condition it was clear that…

Bullinger, Anke F.; Zimmermann, Felizitas; Kaminski, Juliane; Tomasello, Michael

2011-01-01

410

Maintaining Long-Distance Friendships: Communication Practices for Seeking and Providing Social Support across Geographic Divides  

Science.gov (United States)

People seek and provide support through their personal social network, especially when they must cope with stress, deal with an emergency, or need help. Coping with a new culture or new environment is a stressful situation that sojourner students must face. Support through friendship plays an important role in facing such new situations. Focusing…

Lobburi, Patipan

2012-01-01

411

The Discourse Community in Scientific and Technical Communication: Institutional and Social Views.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes two institutional views of the discourse community, the disciplinary and the organizational, and presents the alternative social viewpoint. Examines Stanley Fish's theoretical concept of discourse community and considers the philosophical tradition derived from Richard Rorty. Suggests that these views are useful for the study of…

Zappen, James P.

1989-01-01

412

Structural Reproduction of Social Networks in Computer-Mediated Communication Forums  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the relationship between the structure of an existing social network and the structure of an emergent discussion-board network in an undergraduate university class. Thirty-one students were issued with laptop computers that remained in their possession for the duration of the semester. While using these machines, participants'…

Stefanone, M. A.; Gay, G.

2008-01-01

413

Colleges and Universities Want to Be Your Friend: Communicating via Online Social Networking  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a compilation of data regarding the role of online social networks within campus communities, specifically for nonacademic purposes. Both qualitative and quantitative data methodologies are used to provide a unique perspective on a constantly evolving topic. Interviews of students and administrators allow for candid…

Wandel, Tamara L.

2008-01-01

414

Opening the CSR Discourse for Critical Stakeholders in Social Media : When Official CSR Communication and Stakeholder Critique Interfere  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study examines how a contested fast food chain in the middle of on-going image transformation efforts opens the distorted discourse about CSR with a social media campaign and enables the interference of official corporate communication and stakeholder critique. The study examines how the company closes the CSR discourse and re-establishes the distorted discourse through various closing moves. Furthermore the study shows how the corporation resolves substantial and unsubstantial accusations by turning them into discursive resources and publicly frames neutralisation and denial of critique as a transparency campaign. Therewith the company is able to co-opt its critical consumers, address long-lasting critique and at the same time emphasis the commitment to its new values.

Etter, Michael

415

Communication Patterns Within Social Networks: A Case Study of Australian Women  

OpenAIRE

Based on the perception that “individual bonds to one another is the essence of society” (Fischer, 1982a, p. 2), this paper examines contemporary networks of friends: friendworks, of adult women in an Australian sea change community. Communication patterns are examined drawing on findings from a case study of 26 women aged 35-76 years. Among the case study participants, many have undertaken a ‘sea change’ as adults, which in most cases has led to a significant reconstruction of their ...

Orit Ben-Harush

2010-01-01

416

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  COMMUNICATION from a NETWORK PERSPECTIVE : A Case Study of Peab AB  

OpenAIRE

Problem Description: Since there are recognized similarities in the construction industry between relationship building and strategic CSR engaging thus managing and communicating CSR should be evaluated from the industrial network perspective. Close interaction between stakeholders and implemented strategic CSR facilitate to perform successfully and remain competitive when facing challenges in modern construction industry. Peab AB was chosen for the research as one of the leading construction...

Chuikina, Viktoriya; Ekberg-tamminen, Sari

2012-01-01

417

Pinned Repetitions in Symbolic Flows: Preliminary Results  

OpenAIRE

We consider symbolic flows over finite alphabets and study certain kinds of repetitions in these sequences. Positive and negative results for the existence of such repetitions are given for codings of interval exchange transformations and codings of quadratic polynomials.

Boshernitzan, Michael; Damanik, David

2008-01-01

418

CityVille: collaborative game play, communication and skill development in social networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper has as its aim to analyze how CityVille, a videogame hosted on Facebook and oriented to the construction of a virtual city, can favor collaboration between gamers along with the exchange of strategies, equally contributing to learning transfer and skill acquisition. The first step consists in identifying the opportunities which the said game can offer in order to develop skills and promote learning formats linked with planning and resource management, after which a presentation is made of the opinions expressed by a sample of gamers (N=105 –belonging to the Fans-CityVille community– about the priorities established by them to communicate with their neighbors and the skills that they believe to have acquired playing this game. 85.7% of them state that they communicate with others to share strategies and expand their city. Unlike women, who value collaboration, men prioritize competition. Designing their city has enhanced a number of gamer skills in different proportions: creative skills (71.4%; organizational ones (68.0%; skills associated with decision-making and problem-solving (67.0%; and interpersonal skills through interaction with others (61.9%. The CityVille game mode favors skill development and helps to create a ludic atmosphere of collaboration and optimal strategy exchange through communication between neighbors by strengthening their mutual relationships. Its formula moves away from the often-criticized competitive practices of other games.  

María-Esther Del-Moral Pérez

2014-01-01

419

"Do We Make Ourselves Clear?" Developing a Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (SEBD) Support Service's Effectiveness in Detecting and Supporting Children Experiencing Speech, Language and Communication Difficulties (SLCD)  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has identified a significant relationship between social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) and speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCD). However, little has been published regarding the levels of knowledge and skill that practitioners working with pupils experiencing SEBD have in this important area, nor how…

Stiles, Matthew

2013-01-01

420

An Analysis of the Effects of Communication Skills Training Provided to the Mothers of Six-Year-Old Children on the Social Skills of Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to analyze the effects of communication skills training program provided to the mothers on the social skills of their children. The study uses pre- and post- tests control group design. Experiment and control groups consisted of a total of 30 six-year-old children who were enrolled in nursery school. Experiment group consisted of…

Erbay, Filiz; Arslan, Emel; Cagdas, Aysel

2011-01-01

421

Digital Game Playing and Direct and Indirect Aggression in Early Adolescence: The Roles of Age, Social Intelligence, and Parent-Child Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The roles of age, social intelligence and parent-child communication in moderating the association between digital game playing and direct and indirect aggression were examined in 478 Finnish 10- and 13-year-old schoolchildren based on self-reports. The results confirmed that digital game violence was directly associated with direct aggression,…

Wallenius, Marjut; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Rimpela, Arja

2007-01-01

422

Expectancy and Repetition in Task Preparation  

Science.gov (United States)

We studied the mechanisms of task preparation using a design that pitted task expectancy against task repetition. In one experiment, two simple cognitive tasks were presented in a predictable sequence containing both repetitions and non-repetitions. The typical task sequence was AABBAABB. Occasional violations of this sequence allowed us to measure the effects of valid versus invalid expectancy. With this design, we were able to study the effects of task expectancy, task repetition, and interaction.

Ruthruff, E.; Remington, R. W.; Johnston, James C.; Null, Cynthia H. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

423

A randomised controlled trial of a computerised intervention for children with social communication difficulties to support peer collaboration.  

Science.gov (United States)

An intervention aiming to support children with social communication difficulties was tested using a randomised controlled design. Children aged 5-6 years old (n=32) were tested and selected for participation on the basis of their scores on the Test of Pragmatic Skills (TPS) and were then randomly assigned to the intervention arm or to the delayed intervention control group. Following previous research which suggested that computer technology may be particularly useful for this group of children, the intervention included a collaborative computer game which the children played with an adult. Subsequently, children's performance as they played the game with a classmate was observed. Micro-analytic observational methods were used to analyse the audio-recorded interaction of the children as they played. Pre- and post-intervention measures comprised the Test of Pragmatic Skills, children's performance on the computer game and verbal communication measures that the children used during the game. This evaluation of the intervention shows promise. At post-test, the children who had received the intervention, by comparison to the control group who had not, showed significant gains in their scores on the Test of Pragmatic Skills (p=.009, effect size r=-.42), a significant improvement in their performance on the computer game (p=.03, r=-.32) and significantly greater use of high-quality questioning during collaboration (pgame and about their partners (p=.02, r=-.34) suggesting that the intervention increased their confidence and enjoyment. PMID:25104223

Murphy, Suzanne M; Faulkner, Dorothy M; Reynolds, Laura R

2014-11-01

424

Repetitive learning control of continuous chaotic systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Combining a shift method and the repetitive learning strategy, a repetitive learning controller is proposed to stabilize unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) within chaotic attractors in the sense of least mean square. If nonlinear parts in chaotic systems satisfy Lipschitz condition, the proposed controller can be simplified into a simple proportional repetitive learning controller

425

Social marketing-based communications to integrate and support the HEALTHY study intervention  

OpenAIRE

The HEALTHY study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter, middle school-based, multifaceted intervention designed to reduce risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The study randomized 42 middle schools to intervention or control, and followed students from the sixth to the eighth grades. Participants were a racially, ethnically and geographically diverse cohort from across the United States. Here, we describe the conceptual underpinnings and design of the social marketing-bas...

Debar, Ll; Schneider, M.; Ford, Eg; Hernandez, Ae; Showell, B.; Drews, Kl; Moe, El; Gillis, B.; Jessup, An; Stadler, Dd; White, M.

2009-01-01

426

Narratives and Images Used by Public Communication Campaigns Addressing Social Determinants of Health and Health Disparities  

OpenAIRE

Researchers have increasingly focused on how social determinants of health (SDH) influence health outcomes and disparities. They have also explored strategies for raising public awareness and mobilizing support for policies to address SDH, with particular attention to narrative and image-based information. These efforts will need to overcome low public awareness and concern about SDH; few organized campaigns; and limited descriptions of existing message content. To begin addressing these chal...

Clarke, Christopher E.; Niederdeppe, Jeff; Lundell, Helen C.

2012-01-01

427

The understanding of management through entrepreneurship in the degree of Social Communication  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays, entrepreneurship is a present and active subject in the different societies where the difference lies in the levels attained, namely the social, economical, cultural and political ones. In the more developed societies, entrepreneurship is not only a business concept, but also a concept of life, in so far as it is part of a group of changes that lead on to the building of a certain development that cannot be attained at any price, but should be sustainable, that is,...

Bucha, Agostinho

2013-01-01

428

The Customer Satisfaction in a Non Profit Context: the Role of Social Responsibility and its Communication  

OpenAIRE

In recent management literature the concept of CSR has evolved gradually enlarging its domain and giving birth to several theories, theoretical frameworks, approaches and terminologies (Garriga and Melé, 2004). Given this theoretical plurality on the topic, the way marketing scholars have approached the social responsibility of marketing at first (starting from the forerunner contribution of Kotler, 1972) and then the effectiveness of CSR on firms’ marketing performances (e.g. Brown and Da...

Andreini, Daniela; Pedeliento, Giuseppe; Signori, Silvana

2012-01-01

429

Social networks improve leaderless group navigation by facilitating long-distance communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Group navigation is of great importance for many animals, such as migrating flocks of birds or shoals of fish. One theory states that group membership can improve navigational accuracy compared to limited or less accurate individual navigational ability in groups without leaders (“Many-wrongs principle”. Here, we simulate leaderless group navigation that includes social connections as preferential interactions between individuals. Our results suggest that underlying social networks can reduce navigational errors of groups and increase group cohesion. We use network summary statistics, in particular network motifs, to study which characteristics of networks lead to these improvements. It is networks in which preferences between individuals are not clustered, but spread evenly across the group that are advantageous in group navigation by effectively enhancing long-distance information exchange within groups. We suggest that our work predicts a base-line for the type of social structure we might expect to find in group-living animals that navigate without leaders [Current Zoology 58 (2: 329-341, 2012].

Nikolai W. F. BODE, A. Jamie WOOD, Daniel W. FRANKS

2012-04-01

430

Sky Coverage and Burst Repetition  

OpenAIRE

To investigate the repeater content of gamma ray burst samples I develop two models where sources burst at a constant average rate. I find that the sky coverage affects the number of repeaters in a sample predominantly through the detector livetime, and that the number of bursts in the sample is the primary parameter. Thus the repeater content of burst samples should be compared within the context of a repetition model; a direct comparison between two samples is possible onl...

Band, David L.

1996-01-01

431

Does Facebook promote self-interest? Enactment of indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networking sites decreases prosocial behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Communication tools on social networking sites (SNSs) provide users with an efficient way to distribute information to the public and/or their friends simultaneously. In this article, we show that this kind of indiscriminate one-to-many (i.e., monologue) communication, in which the diverse interests of recipients are not considered, may induce a tendency toward egocentrism that interferes with other-oriented concerns, resulting in a reduced inclination to display prosocial behavior. In Experiment 1, participants induced to post a public communication subsequently allocated less money to anonymous strangers in the dictator game than did control participants. In Experiment 2, participants directing a post about participation in an experiment to their Facebook friends volunteered to help code fewer data sheets than did controls. Moreover, an egocentric state was shown to mediate the relationship between indiscriminate one-to-many communication and helping behavior. We provide the first demonstration that indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networks may be associated with a tendency toward self-interest. Our results suggest that the prevalence of monologue communication on SNSs may induce an egocentric tendency that undermines the likelihood of prosocial behavior. PMID:24102570

Chiou, Wen-Bin; Chen, Szu-Wei; Liao, Da-Chi

2014-02-01

432

Dialogism in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications: Conceptualising Verbal Interactions between Organisations and their Audiences  

OpenAIRE

We conceptualise CSR communication as a process of reciprocal influence between organisations and their audiences. We use an illustrative case study in the form of a conflict between firms and a powerful stakeholder which is played out in a series of 20 press releases over a 2-month period to develop a framework of analysis based on insights from linguistics. It focuses on three aspects of dialogism, namely (i) turn-taking (co-operating in a conversation by responding to the other party), (ii...

Brennan, Niamh; Merkl-davies, Doris M.; Beelitz, Annika

2013-01-01