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1

Social Interaction and Repetitive Motor Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

Students with autism have difficulty initiating social interactions and may exhibit repetitive motor behavior (e.g., body rocking, hand flapping). Increasing social interaction by teaching new skills may lead to reductions in problem behavior, such as motor stereotypies. Additionally, self-monitoring strategies can increase the maintenance of…

Loftin, Rachel L.; Odom, Samuel L.; Lantz, Johanna F.

2008-01-01

2

High-repetition-rate solid state laser for space communications  

Science.gov (United States)

The CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, French space agency) established the laser system characteristics for Mars-Earth spatial communications using the Pulse Position Modulation technique. Today, diode-pumped solid-state lasers are under intense research and development. Indeed, in comparison with flash-lamp pumped laser, they offer significant advantages in terms of efficiency, compactness, lifetime and high beam quality. We have demonstrated that gain-switch operation is preferable to Q-switching technique to control and to obtain a good pulse width and amplitude reproducibility. The pulse width requirement and the laser-diode pumping scheme lead to a preferred configuration based on a microchip laser oscillator coupled to an amplifier. Best results were performed with a Nd:YVO4 microchip longitudinally-pumped by fiber-coupled laser-diode bar. Diffraction limited beam, 15 ns pulse width and 100 kHz repetition rate were achieved. The output beam was actually also single frequency and linearly polarized. A transversally-diode-pumped 7-pass amplifier is also demonstrated.

Larat, Christian; Schwarz, Muriel; Pocholle, Jean-Paul; Feugnet, Gilles; Papuchon, Michel R.

1995-04-01

3

Repetition and Emotive Communication in Music Versus Speech  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Music and speech are often placed alongside one another as comparative cases. Their relative overlaps and disassociations have been well explored (e.g. Patel, 2010. But one key attribute distinguishing these two domains has often been overlooked: the greater preponderance of repetition in music in comparison to speech. Recent fMRI studies have shown that familiarity – achieved through repetition – is a critical component of emotional engagement with music (Pereira et al., 2011. If repetition is fundamental to emotional responses to music, and repetition is a key distinguisher between the domains of music and speech, then close examination of the phenomenon of repetition might help clarify the ways that music elicits emotion differently than speech.

Elizabeth HellmuthMargulis

2013-04-01

4

Youth, Communication and Social Change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article explores how media, communication practices and popular culture have been strategic instruments, social processes and symbolic resources in young people’s articulation of social change. It frames the analysis in the cross-section of two research strands: firstly, that of research on communication for development and social change. The focus of such research is on the development challenges in our society and how media and communication can serve strategic objectives to inform, ...

Tufte, Thomas

2010-01-01

5

Language, Vagueness, and Social Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In his paper, "Language, Vagueness, and Social Communication," Colin B. Grant adopts an interdisciplinary approach to an interrelated complex of language, communication, and society. Grant operates with a modified concept of vagueness as a pragmatic property and attempts to establish a link between pragmatic vagueness and contingency in communication. This communicative contingency takes the form of improbabilities (entropy). Grant observes that the challenge lies in modelling communication a...

Grant, Colin B.

2001-01-01

6

Technology and social communication  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For centuries advances in what we now term media have generated concerns about the effect these advances have on values and morality-books, stage drama, movies, TV, and now computer-based fantasy and Internet-based distribution. These media comprise some of the most powerful agents for developing our fundamental strategies for living. Computer-based fantasy can provide waves of sensations that everyday life does not prepare us for; they create a wow effect. The implications are especially, strong for adolescents. Wow effects come to seem ordinary. We can easily overdose on them with a subsequent dulling of sensibility that motivates one to seek the next level. As the wow effect is numbed, socializing restrictions break down. A psychological strategy of distancing is one defense against enhanced imagery - a strategy of cool as antidote. The wow-cool dipole can foster a role as spectator that inhibits empathy and a fundamental distancing from the self. Technology - the source of our concerns-can also help to counteract them. The most powerful drive in children is to learn mastery of the world. New input and output devices and especially properly designed software can enhance the capacity to learn and to be creative, i.e. to gain mastery over the world. These powerful new modes of communication not only give us great access to the world, they give the world great access to us. We must supplant what is now mostly a passive broadcast system with interactive exploration and two-way communication.

Moore, G.A.

1996-12-31

7

Rethinking echolalia: repetition as interactional resource in the communication of a child with autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Echolalia is a pervasive phenomenon in verbal children with autism, traditionally conceived of as an automatic behavior with no communicative function. However, recently it has been shown that echoes may serve interactional goals. This article, which presents a case study of a six-year-old child with autism, examines how social interaction organizes autism echolalia and how repetitive speech responds to discernible interactional trajectories. Using linguistic, discourse, and acoustic analyses, we demonstrate that the child is able to mobilize echolalia to mark different stances, through the segmental and suprasegmental modulation of echoes. We offer an interpretive framework that deepens our understanding of the complex interactions that children with autism can engage in by using echoes, and discuss the implications of this perspective for current views of atypical language development in autism. PMID:23469804

Sterponi, Laura; Shankey, Jennifer

2014-03-01

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Facilitating Communication with a Congenitally Deafblind Child by Imitation of a Repetitive Routine  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The authors of this article aim to show how imitation can be used in developing communication with individuals with deafblindness. Using a case study of a twelve year old girl who has some residual hearing they examine how verbal imitation of a repetitive sign sequence used by the chid led to the development of her communication and language.

Deasy, Kathleen; Lyddy, Fiona

2009-01-01

9

Social media as communicative genres  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I ...

Stine Lomborg

2011-01-01

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Language, Communication and Social Representations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The topic is the literature review, in the field of Language, Communication and Social Representations. More than one field was investigated because nowadays many subjects are linked and the outcomes are kinds of cyborg –subjects or hybrid subjects. The cyborg here is the internet, which simulates a real setting for language discourse. This cyborg or electronic setting which reproduces reality becomes as real as the latter. For the field of communication, the subject chosen is the relations...

Ionta, Matteo

2004-01-01

11

[Communicating research with social media].  

Science.gov (United States)

Participation is the new keyword of communication. In the scientific field, communication is a very complex task that can't ignore the careful consideration of the target audience. To minimize the difficulties, it is useful to rely on storytelling: it can greatly benefit from the space offered by social media that can be used to raise awareness and to engage through the sharing of experiences. The marriage between scientific research and social media can take place, as long as you carefully reflect on the roles, strategies and appropriate tools. PMID:25229757

Bennato, Davide

2014-09-01

12

Social media as communicative genres  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I suggest that social media might be seen as particularly dynamic genres, subject to continuous disruption and uncertainty,owing to their deinstitutionalised and participatory character, and the shifting roles of producers and recipients in the networks and conversations that make up social media content.

Stine Lomborg

2011-12-01

13

Unsolicited Communication in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article discusses whether commercial communication in social media is covered by the European opt in-model concerning unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing purposes found in the directive on privacy and electronic communications (2002/58). It is concluded that messages in social media – in contrast to news feeds and advertisements – may be characterised as electronic mail. However, the EU provisions on unsolicited electronic mail is found in the regulatory framework for telecommunication which as a starting point does not regulate web-based content such as social media services. The ban on unsolicited electronic mail does not apply to messaging systems in social media unless the system gives access to sending traditional e-mail. Until 12 June 2013, Member States could – in national law – uphold a broader definition of electronic mail in the light of the minimum harmonisation found in the distance selling directive (1997/7). Now, the use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes in social media must be assessed in accordance with the full harmonisation in the unfair commercial practices directive (2005/29). This directive does not contain a ban on »unsolicited« but »unwanted« solicitations by e-mail and other remote media – i.e. an opt-out solution. The development in platforms such as Facebook shows that such social media services are also used by businesses to communicate and interact with their »fans«. This article discusses the application of the European spam-provisions in the context of social media. In that vein it is important to understand both the definition of electronic mail and the scope of application of the regulatory framework for telecommunication in which the ban is found. The Nordic Consumer Ombudsmen approached EU Commissioner John Dalli on 3 May 2012 with a view to encourage discussions on whether the defi nition of electronic mail set out in the directive on privacy and electronic communications1 is up-to-date. The letter was sent in connection to the publishing of a common Nordic position paper on marketing in social media. The preceding discussions among the consumer ombudsmen questioned inter alia whether unsolicited commercial communications sent to users’ news feeds should be considered electronic mail or other un-solicited communications for the purposes of direct marketing. This and other related questions are dealt with in this article.

Trzaskowski, Jan

2014-01-01

14

Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching behaviors of 64 elementary preservice teachers (PSTs who taught the same social studies lessons to small groups of 4th-grade students four times in succession. PST reflection journals from all PSTs, observational transcripts of 14 teaching pairs, focus group interviews with the PSTs, and informal cooperating teacher interviews revealed that the PSTs’ lessons changed over the four successive teaching episodes. The PSTs became more comfortable and confident after teaching the same social studies lesson multiple times. PSTs also reported that their lessons became better, yet the qualitative data revealed that even though their teaching became more efficient and student work correctness improved, only a few PSTs increased the cognitive demand of their questions and activities. Nonetheless, most PSTs demonstrated increased use of social studies pedagogical content knowledge through their examples and discussions, as well as increased attention to student thinking. Repeated practice field experiences seem to hold potential for elementary PSTs to develop their use ofsocial studies pedagogical content knowledge

Derek L. ANDERSON

2012-11-01

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An Examination of the Relationship between Communication and Socialization Deficits in Children with Autism and PDD-NOS  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are characterized by pervasive impairments in repetitive behaviors or interests, communication, and socialization. As the onset of these features occurs at a very young age, early detection is of the utmost importance. In an attempt to better clarify the behavioral presentation of communication and socialization

Hattier, Megan A.; Matson, Johnny L.

2012-01-01

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Professionally Social Using social media for professional research communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this short article, I will discuss what I consider the important characteristics, opportunities and challenges offered by social media when used for professional communication purposes. The insights – or perhaps rather points of discussion - put forth here are based on my own experiences as practicing social media communicator and Danish research blogger, as well as on my general research into the use of social media for professional communication purposes, by for instance Danish p...

Lisbeth Klarstrup

2012-01-01

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CSR communication through online social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Online social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become essential channels in business strategies. Corporate Social Responsibility communication faces new challenges in these spaces of the Web 2.0, where companies can interact with users, generate a brand community, increase their visibility, and strengthen their position in the market. This research study aims to analyse the way companies use the major online social media to communicate their Corporate Social Responsibility programme...

Araceli Castello?-marti?nez, Ph D.; Vicente-jose? Ros-diego, Ph D.

2012-01-01

18

Communication Access to Health and Social Services  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the efforts of a group of people in the United Kingdom at Connect-the communication disability network-to make health and social services more communicatively accessible to people with aphasia. The project involved listening to people with aphasia talk about their experiences with health and social care services and working…

Parr, Susie; Pound, Carole; Hewitt, Alan

2006-01-01

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How communication events shape social networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the advent of communication technology, access to interaction and communication data has increased dramatically. We can now trace communication events such as sending and receiving emails, text messages, and other forms of interaction via ICT. But how can we use this data to understand the structure of social networks and their development?

Engel, Ofer

2010-01-01

20

Rethinking Echolalia: Repetition as Interactional Resource in the Communication of a Child with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Echolalia is a pervasive phenomenon in verbal children with autism, traditionally conceived of as an automatic behavior with no communicative function. However, recently it has been shown that echoes may serve interactional goals. This article, which presents a case study of a six-year-old child with autism, examines how social interaction…

Sterponi, Laura; Shankey, Jennifer

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Professionally Social Using social media for professional research communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this short article, I will discuss what I consider the important characteristics, opportunities and challenges offered by social media when used for professional communication purposes. The insights – or perhaps rather points of discussion - put forth here are based on my own experiences as practicing social media communicator and Danish research blogger, as well as on my general research into the use of social media for professional communication purposes, by for instance Danish politicians (see Klastrup and Svejgaard Pedersen 2005, Klastrup 2007.

Lisbeth Klarstrup

2012-08-01

22

Social networks: communication and change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual social networks have brought about the possibility for open and plural debate, where all those with the necessary literacy skills and means are able to participate in the creation and dissemination of information. By pressing political agents and determining the “agenda” of a lot of the media, users demonstrate that we stand at an ideal platform for creating both real social movements and more or less fleeting events, as manifestos or virtual campaigns. Nonetheless, in order to u...

Gustavo Cardoso; Cláudia Lamy

2011-01-01

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Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on clinical, social, and cognitive performance in postpartum depression  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Martin Luiz Myczkowski,1 Álvaro Machado Dias,1,2 Tatiana Luvisotto,1 Debora Arnaut,1 Bianca Boura Bellini,1 Carlos Gustavo Mansur,1 Joel Rennó,1 Gabriel Tortella,1 Philip Leite Ribeiro,1 Marco Antônio Marcolin11Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, Medical School São Paulo, 2Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory of the Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, BrazilBackground: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind pilot study evaluated the impact of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS on clinical, cognitive, and social performance in women suffering with postpartum depression.Methods: Fourteen patients were randomized to receive 20 sessions of sham rTMS or active 5 Hz rTMS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Psychiatric clinical scales and a neuropsychological battery were applied at baseline (pretreatment, week 4 (end of treatment, and week 6 (follow-up, posttreatment week 2.Results: The active rTMS group showed significant improvement 2 weeks after the end of rTMS treatment (week 6 in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (P = 0.020, Global Assessment Scale (P = 0.037, Clinical Global Impression (P = 0.047, and Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report-Work at Home (P = 0.020.Conclusion: This study suggests that rTMS has the potential to improve the clinical condition in postpartum depression, while producing marginal gains in social and cognitive function.Keywords: transcranial magnetic stimulation, postpartum depression, clinical performance, cognitive performance, social performance

Myczkowski ML

2012-10-01

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Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on clinical, social, and cognitive performance in postpartum depression  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind pilot study evaluated the impact of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on clinical, cognitive, and social performance in women suffering with postpartum depression. Methods: Fourteen patients were randomized to receive 20 sessions of sham rTMS or active 5 Hz rTMS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Psychiatric clinical scales and a neuropsychological battery were applied at baseline (pretreatment), week 4 (end of treatment), and week 6 (follow-up, posttreatment week 2). Results: The active rTMS group showed significant improvement 2 weeks after the end of rTMS treatment (week 6) in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (P = 0.020), Global Assessment Scale (P = 0.037), Clinical Global Impression (P = 0.047), and Social Adjustment Scale-Self Report-Work at Home (P = 0.020). Conclusion: This study suggests that rTMS has the potential to improve the clinical condition in postpartum depression, while producing marginal gains in social and cognitive function. PMID:23118543

Myczkowski, Martin Luiz; Dias, Alvaro Machado; Luvisotto, Tatiana; Arnaut, Debora; Bellini, Bianca Boura; Mansur, Carlos Gustavo; Renno, Joel; Tortella, Gabriel; Ribeiro, Philip Leite; Marcolin, Marco Antonio

2012-01-01

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The Communications of Corporate Social Responsability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper present the role and interaction between communication and Corporate Social Responsibility, strengtheningin the same time that communication it is a key factor to begin and keep a proper Sustainable Development strategy. The importance of communication is essential, taking in consideration the awareness in the interior and in the exterior of organization strategy, ethical, ecological and socio-economical objectives, since information regarding the impact of the company’s activities, products and services as well as regarding the impacts of changes that can supervene in time, can only be provided in this way. Since there are many ways to communicate regarding the actions of CSR, it is important to know what kind of messages and ideas can resonate with a certain audience, considering the stage in which the ISO 26000 standard’s development stands.

Mihaela Bucur

2011-06-01

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Social identity framing: Leader communication for social change  

Science.gov (United States)

Social identity framing (SIF) delineates a process of intergroup communication that leaders may engage in to promote a vision of social change. As a step towards social change, social identity may need to be altered to accommodate a new view of the group, its collective goals, and its place alongside other groups. Thus, social identity content may be deconstructed and reconstructed by the leader en route to change. SIF suggests that this may be achieved through a series of 16 communication tactics, which are largely derived from previous research (Seyranian & Bligh, 2008). This research used an experimental design to test the effectiveness of three SIF communication tactics - inclusion, similarity to followers, and positive social identity - on a number of follower outcomes. Students ( N=246) were randomly assigned to read one of eight possible speeches promoting renewable energy on campus that was ostensibly from a student leader. The speeches were varied to include or exclude the three communication tactics. Following the speech, participants completed a dependent measures questionnaire. Results indicated that similarity to followers and positive social identity did not affect follower outcomes. However, students exposed to inclusion were more likely to indicate that renewable energy was ingroup normative; intend to engage in collective action to bring renewable energy to campus; experience positive emotional reactions towards change; feel more confident about the possibility of change; and to view the leader more positively. The combination of inclusion and positive social identity increased perceptions of charismatic leadership. Perceived leader prototypicality and cognitive elaboration of the leader's message resulted in more favorable attitudes towards renewable energy. Perceived leader prototypicality was also directly related to social identification, environmental values, ingroup injunctive norms, and self-stereotypes. Overall, these results support SIF theory by providing evidence that communication that implicates social identity (i.e., inclusion) is an important aspect of the leader-follower influence process and that it can be used to bring about changes such as promoting environmental conservation policies. Avenues of future research on SIF are discussed.

Seyranian, Viviane

27

Interpersonal Communication Relevance to Professional Development, in Social Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development is a desideratum both the organization and for each employee, in part, and interpersonal communication is the means of safe fulfillment, especially in social systems. No matter what ways of professional development are chosen, organizations (considered as major social systems works on communication processes. Moreover, social systems are at the same time, communication systems. As so, the importance of interpersonal communication in providing professional development is major, proven fact, at least in one sense, by the rich offer of training courses focusing on communication. Moreover, analysis of case studies of interpersonal communication conducted in organizational context indicates that the communication is purpose, means and professional development tool.

Manoela Popescu

2013-04-01

28

Learning about social psychology by researching on computer mediated communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The teaching of social psychology for Social Communication students can be an excellent opportunity to engage them in field research work. This is a way of providing the knowledge and the experience about how investigation is made in social sciences as well as developing the interest and the competencies for the scientific inquiry. The domain of Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) can be the stage for the study of diverse social cognitive phenomena like social representations, social cat...

Xavier, Paulo; Cabecinhas, Rosa

2000-01-01

29

Persistence of social signatures in human communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

The social network maintained by a focal individual, or ego, is intrinsically dynamic and typically exhibits some turnover in membership over time as personal circumstances change. However, the consequences of such changes on the distribution of an ego's network ties are not well understood. Here we use a unique 18-mo dataset that combines mobile phone calls and survey data to track changes in the ego networks and communication patterns of students making the transition from school to university or work. Our analysis reveals that individuals display a distinctive and robust social signature, captured by how interactions are distributed across different alters. Notably, for a given ego, these social signatures tend to persist over time, despite considerable turnover in the identity of alters in the ego network. Thus, as new network members are added, some old network members either are replaced or receive fewer calls, preserving the overall distribution of calls across network members. This is likely to reflect the consequences of finite resources such as the time available for communication, the cognitive and emotional effort required to sustain close relationships, and the ability to make emotional investments. PMID:24395777

Saramäki, Jari; Leicht, E A; López, Eduardo; Roberts, Sam G B; Reed-Tsochas, Felix; Dunbar, Robin I M

2014-01-21

30

Persistence of social signatures in human communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The social network maintained by a focal individual, or ego, is intrinsically dynamic and typically exhibits some turnover in membership over time as personal circumstances change. However, the consequences of such changes on the distribution of an ego’s network ties are not well understood. Here we use a unique 18-mo dataset that combines mobile phone calls and survey data to track changes in the ego networks and communication patterns of students making the transition from school to university or work. Our analysis reveals that individuals display a distinctive and robust social signature, captured by how interactions are distributed across different alters. Notably, for a given ego, these social signatures tend to persist over time, despite considerable turnover in the identity of alters in the ego network. Thus, as new network members are added, some old network members either are replaced or receive fewer calls, preserving the overall distribution of calls across network members. This is likely to reflect the consequences of finite resources such as the time available for communication, the cognitive and emotional effort required to sustain close relationships, and the ability to make emotional investments. PMID:24395777

Saramaki, Jari; Leicht, E. A.; Lopez, Eduardo; Roberts, Sam G. B.; Reed-Tsochas, Felix; Dunbar, Robin I. M.

2014-01-01

31

INSTRUMENTS FOR COMMUNICATING SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE ACTIVITIES – THE CASE OF SMES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Communicating socially responsible activities is a crucial element in the discussion on social involvement and it is of great interest both to the enterprise and its stakeholders. This paper highlights some of the most interesting elements regarding the communication of socially responsible activities.

GEORGETA GRIGORE

2009-05-01

32

Communication Relationships, Conventions of Meaning, and Social Representations.  

Science.gov (United States)

The concept of social representations, which was developed by Moscovici in 1984, suggests new ways of understanding the social processes that underlie communication between individuals. A social representation is a set of concepts, statements, and explanations originating in daily life in the course of inter-individual communication. The purpose…

Ritchie, David

33

Social media in public diplomacy : survey on the social media communication of the Finnish missions abroad  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today, social media is changing the way people communicate by giving the influence to the hands of the people. For organizations, it means that the issues of stakeholders are the focus of the communication, not the organizations. The question no longer is whether to use social media in public relations, but how to use it. In this research the social media communication of the Finnish missions abroad is studied. The missions have implemented social media as a part of their communication m...

Nurmi, Maria

2012-01-01

34

Social Deficits, Stereotypy, and Early Emergence of Repetitive Behavior in the C58/J Inbred Mouse Strain  

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Mouse lines with behavioral phenotypes relevant to symptoms in neurodevelopmental disorders may provide models to test hypotheses about disease etiology and to evaluate potential treatments. The present studies were designed to confirm and expand earlier work on the intriguing behavioral profile of the C58/J inbred strain, including low social approach and aberrant repetitive movements. Additional tests were selected to reflect aspects of autism, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder character...

Ryan, Bryce C.; Young, Nancy B.; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Bodfish, James W.; Moy, Sheryl S.

2010-01-01

35

Transformation of Science Communication in the Age of Social Media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of the present article is to discuss several consequences of the Open Science from a perspective of science communication and philosophy of communication. Apart from the purely communicative and philosophical issues, the paper deals with the questions that concern the science popularization process through social media (especially Twitter and blogs). The article consists of three sections: the first one suggests a definition of science communication and social media, the second examin...

Kulczycki, Emanuel

2013-01-01

36

Corporate social responsibility as communicational strategy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Based on a concrete case, the negotiation of compensation and reparation for environmental damage in the state of Rio de Janeiro, this paper deals with the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as main strategic instrument to set up a relationship among state, businesses and the civil society in the process of licensing and deploying gas pipelines. In this kind of process, a few cultural aspects, such as a social pattern based in philanthropy and paternalism, make difficult for any agreement to be reached among the stake holders. As a result, the process of licensing becomes slow and fragile. In some cases, negotiation ends up unsuccessful. This mental model coexists with an imperious need for investments in energy, leading to a hard contradiction between a traditional behavior and the surge of modern consumerism habits. Besides, local legislation and bureaucracy allow for few or no options to solve the conflict. In this context, as will be seen, CSR is a preferential way to establish fruitful dialog. By means of Corporate Social Investments (CSI), it is possible to create a common experience of local development among entrepreneurs, the state and the community, by this breaking communication barriers and providing alternatives to solve the original contradiction. (author)

Moraes, Jorge C. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2009-07-01

37

Differences in Communication Competence among Administrator Social Styles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessed coworkers' perceptions of public school superintendents' behavior related to social style (assertiveness, responsiveness, versatility) and interpersonal communication competence (empathy, social anxiety, listening, self-disclosure, flexibility). Found that superintendents with highly responsive styles were perceived as more competent than…

Snavely, William B.; Walters, Ellen V.

1983-01-01

38

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

CERN Document Server

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optimal routing mechanism such as restricted flooding. We show that such a network is indeed usable by constructing a botnet on top of it, called Stegobot. It is designed to spread via social malware attacks and steal information from its victims. Unlike conventional botnets, Stegobot traffic does not introduce new communication endpoints between bots. We analyzed a real-world dataset of image sharing between members of an online social network. Analysis of Stegobot's network throughput indicates that stealthy as it is, it is also functionally p...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

39

Communication for Social Change Anthology : Historical and Contemporary Readings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This anthology, the result of 3 years of review of 1000+ articles, now assembles 150 authors with 200 contributions - full articles, excerpts and quotes - ranging from 1927 to 2005. The articles all have been selected upon the criteria of contributing conceptually to the field of communication for social change. The book is organised in two parts: the first part being cronological, from 1927-1995, and the second part containing 'the contemporary debate' in communication for social change, organised in 5 sub-themes: 1) Popular Culture, Narrative and Identity, 2) Social Movements & Community Participation, 3) Power, Media and the Public Sphere, 4) Paradigms in Communication for Development, 5) Information Society & Communication Rights.

2006-01-01

40

New Media and Leadership: Social Media and Open Organizational Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to identify and analyze the extent to which new media have penetrated the Romanian organizations’ internal communication and have influenced the leadership. We intend also to consider how social media becomes a tool for organizational communication and contributes to the creation of a new kind of leadership associated with open communication. We start from the premise that new media and social media can contribute to the leader’s mission to create around him a vision and m...

Viorica Pau?

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

The effective integration of multiple communication techniques, including social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The effective integration of multiple communication techniques is becoming increasingly complex, with the ongoing development of new media. The development of Web 2.0 and the growth of social media provides marketers with additional, possibly even alternative, marketing communication channels. This research explores the integration of social media, specifically Facebook, and the marketing decision making considerations from the context of the integrated marketing communications (IMC) construc...

Stow, Heath Jon

2013-01-01

42

Social psychological concepts in the context of intercultural communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increased communication between people of different cultures has led to the development of the field of intercultural studies. The field is interdisciplinary in nature, as it draws from theories by scholars in other fields, one of which is social psychology. This dissertation examines aspects of social psychology that are particularly relevant to intercultural communication, as a greater understanding of certain social psychological concepts may increase the effectiveness of intercultural int...

Ethington, Lanaya L.

2002-01-01

43

How scientists use social media to communicate their research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Millions of people all over the world are constantly sharing an extremely wide range of fascinating, quirky, funny, irrelevant and important content all at once. Even scientists are no strangers to this trend. Social media has enabled them to communicate their research quickly and efficiently throughout each corner of the world. But which social media platforms are they using to communicate this research and how are they using them? One thing is clear: the range of social m...

Van Eperen Laura; Marincola Francesco M

2011-01-01

44

The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweet...

Conover, Michael D.; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; Mckelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

45

Lesson in Social Studies: Power of Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Illustrates that students can discover the impact of effective communication by studying history. Describes how students can identify the communication strategies of historical figures, whether used for good or evil, demonstrating that these figures followed guidelines for effective communication as identified by various philosophers and orators.…

Parton, Sabrena R.

2000-01-01

46

The social gradient in doctor-patient communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Objective In recent years, the importance of social differences in the physician-patient relationship has frequently been the subject of research. A 2002 review synthesised the evidence on this topic. Considering the increasing importance of social inequalities in health care, an actualization of this review seemed appropriate. Methods A systematic search of literature published between 1965 and 2011 on the social gradient in doctor-patient communication. In this review social class was determined by patient's income, education or occupation. Results Twenty original research papers and meta-analyses were included. Social differences in doctor-patient communication were described according to the following classification: verbal behaviour including instrumental and affective behaviour, non-verbal behaviour and patient-centred behaviour. Conclusion This review indicates that the literature on the social gradient in doctor-patient communication that was published in the last decade, addresses new issues and themes. Firstly, most of the found studies emphasize the importance of the reciprocity of communication. Secondly, there seems to be a growing interest in patient's perception of doctor-patient communication. Practice implications By increasing the doctors' awareness of the communicative differences and by empowering patients to express concerns and preferences, a more effective communication could be established.

Verlinde Evelyn

2012-03-01

47

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing ...

Mckelvey, Karissa; Rudnick, Alex; Conover, Michael D.; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

48

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course from a Business Communication Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy…

Meredith, Michael J.

2012-01-01

49

The Structure of Information Pathways in a Social Communication Network  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social networks are of interest to researchers in part because they are thought to mediate the flow of information in communities and organizations. Here we study the temporal dynamics of communication using on-line data, including e-mail communication among the faculty and staff of a large university over a two-year period. We formulate a temporal notion of "distance" in the underlying social network by measuring the minimum time required for information to spread from one ...

Kossinets, Gueorgi; Kleinberg, Jon; Watts, Duncan

2008-01-01

50

Understanding Team Communication Characteristics using Social Network Analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An important aspect of human behavior in nuclear power plants (NPPs) is team interaction since operating NPPs involves the coordination of several team members among and within workplaces. Since operators in main control room (MCR) get a great deal of information through communication to perform a task, communication is one of the important characteristics for team characteristics. Many researchers have been studying how to understand the characteristics of communication. Social network analysis (SNA) which is considered as an objective and easily applicable method has been already applied in many fields to investigate characteristics of team communication. Henttonen (2010) has struggled to perform the research on the impact of social networks in a team and he found some team communication characteristics could be obtained using some properties of SNA. In this paper, SNA is used to understand communication characteristics within operators in NPPs

51

The communications model of using social network by sports clubs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents a model of marketing communications using social network by sports clubs. It presents the links between the sports club and its environment and uses of the Internet to promote it. The model of communication is composed of the elements responsible for the success of marketing in the web. Article also includes recommendations for using the model in practice.

S. Kowalski

2012-06-01

52

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

53

Social Responsibility in Advertising: A Marketing Communications Student Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advertising has played a key role in bringing corporate social responsibility (CSR) to the public agenda on behalf of agency clients, little effort has been made to define what social responsibility means in advertising. A national survey of 1,045 advertising and marketing communications students from 176 colleges and universities were…

Kendrick, Alice; Fullerton, Jami A.; Kim, Yeo Jung

2013-01-01

54

Social Responsibility in Advertising: A Marketing Communications Student Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advertising has played a key role in bringing corporate social lass="hlt">responsibility (CSR) to the public agenda on behalf of agency clients, little effort has been made to define what social responsibility means in advertising. A national survey of 1,045 advertising and marketing communications students from 176 colleges and universities were…

Kendrick, Alice; Fullerton, Jami A.; Kim, Yeo Jung

2013-01-01

55

Communicative versus strategic rationality: Habermas theory of communicative action and the social brain.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the philosophical theory of communicative action, rationality refers to interpersonal communication rather than to a knowing subject. Thus, a social view of rationality is suggested. The theory differentiates between two kinds of rationality, the emancipative communicative and the strategic or instrumental reasoning. Using experimental designs in an fMRI setting, recent studies explored similar questions of reasoning in the social world and linked them with a neural network including prefrontal and parietal brain regions. Here, we employed an fMRI approach to highlight brain areas associated with strategic and communicative reasoning according to the theory of communicative action. Participants were asked to assess different social scenarios with respect to communicative or strategic rationality. We found a network of brain areas including temporal pole, precuneus, and STS more activated when participants performed communicative reasoning compared with strategic thinking and a control condition. These brain regions have been previously linked to moral sensitivity. In contrast, strategic rationality compared with communicative reasoning and control was associated with less activation in areas known to be related to moral sensitivity, emotional processing, and language control. The results suggest that strategic reasoning is associated with reduced social and emotional cognitions and may use different language related networks. Thus, the results demonstrate experimental support for the assumptions of the theory of communicative action. PMID:23734238

Schaefer, Michael; Heinze, Hans-Jochen; Rotte, Michael; Denke, Claudia

2013-01-01

56

Communicative versus Strategic Rationality: Habermas Theory of Communicative Action and the Social Brain  

Science.gov (United States)

In the philosophical theory of communicative action, rationality refers to interpersonal communication rather than to a knowing subject. Thus, a social view of rationality is suggested. The theory differentiates between two kinds of rationality, the emancipative communicative and the strategic or instrumental reasoning. Using experimental designs in an fMRI setting, recent studies explored similar questions of reasoning in the social world and linked them with a neural network including prefrontal and parietal brain regions. Here, we employed an fMRI approach to highlight brain areas associated with strategic and communicative reasoning according to the theory of communicative action. Participants were asked to assess different social scenarios with respect to communicative or strategic rationality. We found a network of brain areas including temporal pole, precuneus, and STS more activated when participants performed communicative reasoning compared with strategic thinking and a control condition. These brain regions have been previously linked to moral sensitivity. In contrast, strategic rationality compared with communicative reasoning and control was associated with less activation in areas known to be related to moral sensitivity, emotional processing, and language control. The results suggest that strategic reasoning is associated with reduced social and emotional cognitions and may use different language related networks. Thus, the results demonstrate experimental support for the assumptions of the theory of communicative action. PMID:23734238

Schaefer, Michael; Heinze, Hans-Jochen; Rotte, Michael; Denke, Claudia

2013-01-01

57

Sex-specific influences of vasopressin on human social communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and related peptides affect social behaviors in numerous species, but AVP influences on human social functions have not yet been established. Here, we describe how intranasal AVP administration differentially affects social communication in men and women, and we propose a mechanism through which it may exert those influences. In men, AVP stimulates agonistic facial motor patterns in response to the faces of unfamiliar men and decreases perceptions of the friendlines...

Thompson, R. R.; George, K.; Walton, J. C.; Orr, S. P.; Benson, J.

2006-01-01

58

Standardizing ADOS Domain Scores: Separating Severity of Social Affect and Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

Standardized Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) scores provide a measure of autism severity that is less influenced by child characteristics than raw totals (Gotham et al. in "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders," 39(5), 693-705 2009). However, these scores combine symptoms from the Social Affect (SA) and Restricted…

Hus, Vanessa; Gotham, Katherine; Lord, Catherine

2014-01-01

59

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or face to face was related to the quality of social relationships, namely the perceived strength of social ties. Examining the dyadic friendship structure of a representative sample of Israeli adolescents, the study provides important contributions to the rapidly growing literature on online social relationships in general, and on youth networks in particular. The results support the social compensation approach to the study of online social relationship formation. The motivation for online friendship formation proved to be related to adolescents’ attempts to compensate for a lack of social support by using the Internet for communication. Furthermore, while face-to-face relationships remained highly important, for those adolescents who found in the Internet others with whom they developed intimacy, online ties were strong and meaningful. Additionally, adolescents with strong virtual ties were found to be distinctive in their social background. Our findings call for a qualification of the theoretical approach to online social ties, and imply that it is not the technology per se that obstructs or facilitates the formation of social friendship but the social embeddedness of the ties.

Ilan Talmud

2006-03-01

60

ON-LINE COMMUNICATION BY SOCIALIZATION SITES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Socialization online sites have become important landmarks for people all around the world and of all ages, especially for youth. Users of such services can socialize with people they know or with unknown, people located in the vicinity or at different distances, even on different continents. In other words, social online sites help people to interact with others of their kind, to know people who have the same passions as they have. The access to such sites is free and the members can build profiles (which include data on name, age, hobbies or favorite books and movies and can share photos, music or videos with the others. A friend is, in the language of the socialization sites, any user who has a link to his/her profile page. Users can send messages or can leave comments on other profiles. In some cases, people who meet on such sites decide to meet also in the real life.

Marin Carmen

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
61

Teaching to Communicate: The Social Psychological Problem.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are two problems with the research on the prediction of achievement in applied communication courses: substantial predictor variables have not been isolated; and theoretical explanation of results have not been developed. The present investigation developed an achievement hypothesis based on similarity-attraction theory. It was predicted…

Conville, Richard L.

62

CSR Communication Strategies for Organizational Legitimacy in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose – Organization legitimacy is a general reflection of the relationship between an organization and its environment. By adopting an institutional approach and defining moral legitimacy as “a positive normative evaluation of the organization and its activities”, the goal of this paper is to investigate which corporate communication strategy adopted in online social media is more effective to create convergence between corporations' corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda and stakeholders' social expectations, and thereby, to increase corporate legitimacy. Design/methodology/approach – Using the entire Twitter social graph, a network analysis was carried out to study the structural properties of the CSR community, such as the level of reciprocity, and advanced data mining techniques, i.e. topic and sentiment analysis, were carried out to investigate the communication dynamics. Findings – Evidence was found that neither the engaging nor the information strategies lead to alignment. The assumption of the more the dialog, the more the communality seems to fail to portray the complexity of the communicational dynamics, such as the persistence of different, or simply a dialog without alignment. Empirical findings show that, even when engaging in a dialogue, communication in social media is still conceived as a marketing practice to convey messages about companies. Originality/value – This paper originally investigates organizational legitimacy in the context of social media by applying advanced data-mining techniques that allow the analysis of large amounts of information available online.

Colleoni, Elanor

2013-01-01

63

How scientists use social media to communicate their research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Millions of people all over the world are constantly sharing an extremely wide range of fascinating, quirky, funny, irrelevant and important content all at once. Even scientists are no strangers to this trend. Social media has enabled them to communicate their research quickly and efficiently throughout each corner of the world. But which social media platforms are they using to communicate this research and how are they using them? One thing is clear: the range of social media platforms that scientists are using is relatively vast and dependent on discipline and sentiment. While the future of social media is unknown, a combination of educated speculation and persuasive fact points to the industry's continual growth and influence. Thus, is that not only are scientists utilizing social media to communicate their research, they must. The ability to communicate to the masses via social media is critical to the distribution of scientific information amongst professionals in the field and to the general population.

Van Eperen Laura

2011-11-01

64

New Media and Leadership: Social Media and Open Organizational Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to identify and analyze the extent to which new media have penetrated the Romanian organizations’ internal communication and have influenced the leadership. We intend also to consider how social media becomes a tool for organizational communication and contributes to the creation of a new kind of leadership associated with open communication. We start from the premise that new media and social media can contribute to the leader’s mission to create around him a vision and makes others to share this vision. In terms of open communication, the external image of organization reflects, in part, leadership practices within the organization. It is about the exercise of the shared collective leadership (Don Tapscott, 1996 that should strengthen the organization position.

Viorica Pau?

2013-05-01

65

La Communication pour le Changement et le Développement Social  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the manner of communication for social changes which allow a better understanding of the strategies of communication. Also it points out the actions and the processes of transforming politics for the development of the community. The purpose of the work is to define and describe the principles of this approach, its aims, reasons and also of its concerns, and to clear out itsambiguities. The Communication for the Social Change is based on a process, or a public or private debate. The people involved in this process define their being, their positions towards life, their wishes and what they need or do not need in their purpose to get involved in the community in orderto achieve social and lifestyle improvement.

Luminita Miron

2010-07-01

66

Future cooperative communication systems driven by social mobile networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this work we are underlining the importance of social mobile networks for upcoming cooperative communication systems. The assumption of this work is that future mobile communication systems will incorporate user cooperation, i.e. a combination of cellular access in parallel with ongoing short range links to the neighboring devices. It has been shown that user cooperation enables higher data rates, better spectral efficiencies, and reduces the energy consumption of the mobile unit. In this work the social mobile networks are identified to be a fertile ground to facilitate the cooperative use cases. By the example of the Gedda-Headz gaming community, possible links between cooperative mobile communication and social mobile networks are shown.

Blázovics, L.; Varga, C.

2011-01-01

67

Entertainment as a Form of Communication: Concepts and Social Functions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the phenomenon of the entertainment. Entertainment is perceived as one of the effective forms of communication stimulating the socialization of the individual in the society. There are presented the definitions of that phenomenon given by the representatives of different sciences (psychologists, sociologists, and researchers of culture. The variety, the difficulties of its classification and possibilities are also discussed in the article. There are analysed its kinds and peculiarities and disclosed the main social functions (recreational, cognitive, educational, communicational, representative, its role in life of individual and society. 

Valdas Pruskus

2013-04-01

68

Identity, Social Networks and Online Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Arguments about whether or not the Internet is creating new people or simply helping us to see ourselves in new ways are threaded through the literature on digital culture. People make new technology and exploit it for their own purposes and so it is reasonable to suggest that any changes in our social identities are wider in their reach than the…

Merchant, Guy

2006-01-01

69

Social Argumentation in Online Synchronous Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to argue well is a valuable skill for students in both formal and informal learning environments. While many studies have explored the argumentative practices in formal environments and some researchers have developed tools to enhance the argumentative skills, the social argumentation that is occurring in informal spaces has yet to be…

Alagoz, Esra

2013-01-01

70

Analyzing the Dynamics of Communication in Online Social Networks  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter deals with the analysis of interpersonal communication dynamics in online social networks and social media. Communication is central to the evolution of social systems. Today, the different online social sites feature variegated interactional affordances, ranging from blogging, micro-blogging, sharing media elements (i.e., image, video) as well as a rich set of social actions such as tagging, voting, commenting and so on. Consequently, these communication tools have begun to redefine the ways in which we exchange information or concepts, and how the media channels impact our online interactional behavior. Our central hypothesis is that such communication dynamics between individuals manifest themselves via two key aspects: the information or concept that is the content of communication, and the channel i.e., the media via which communication takes place. We present computational models and discuss large-scale quantitative observational studies for both these organizing ideas. First, we develop a computational framework to determine the "interestingness" property of conversations cented around rich media. Second, we present user models of diffusion of social actions and study the impact of homophily on the diffusion process. The outcome of this research is twofold. First, extensive empirical studies on datasets from YouTube have indicated that on rich media sites, the conversations that are deemed "interesting" appear to have consequential impact on the properties of the social network they are associated with: in terms of degree of participation of the individuals in future conversations, thematic diffusion as well as emergent cohesiveness in activity among the concerned participants in the network. Second, observational and computational studies on large social media datasets such as Twitter have indicated that diffusion of social actions in a network can be indicative of future information cascades. Besides, given a topic, these cascades are often a function of attribute homophily existent among the participants. We believe that this chapter can make significant contribution into a better understanding of how we communicate online and how it is redefining our collective sociological behavior.

de Choudhury, Munmun; Sundaram, Hari; John, Ajita; Seligmann, Doree Duncan

71

Social Networking and Smart Technology: Viable Environmental Communication Tools…?  

Science.gov (United States)

To what extent do popular social networking channels represent a viable means for disseminating information regarding environmental change to the general public? Are new forms of communication such as YouTube™, Facebook™, MySpace™ and Twitter™ and smart devices such as iPhone™ and BlackBerry™ useful and effective in terms motivating people into social action and behavioural modification; or do they simply pay ‘lip service’ to these pressing environmental issues? This project will explore the background connections between social networking and environmental communication and education; and outline why such tools might be an appropriate way to connect to a broad audience in an efficient and unconventional manner. Further, research will survey the current prevalence of reliable environmental change information on social networking Internet-based media; and finally, suggestions for improved strategies and new directions will be provided.

Montain, J.; Byrne, J. M.

2010-12-01

72

The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network  

CERN Document Server

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street. We find that, compared to a network of stable domestic political communication, the Occupy Wall Street network exhibits higher levels of locality and a hub and spoke structure, in which the majority of non-local attention is allocated to high-profile locations such as New York, California, and Washington D.C. Moreover, we observe that information flows across state boundaries are more likely to contain framing lang...

Conover, Michael D; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

73

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, d...

Saif Hossain

2013-01-01

74

Communication and Social Exchange Processes in Community Theater Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the communication experiences of two volunteer groups involved in the production of community theater musicals. Based on social exchange theory, it examined what group members perceived to be the positive benefits (primarily meeting people and having an opportunity to perform) and the negative costs (primarily disorganization,…

Kramer, Michael W.

2005-01-01

75

Involving Parents in Teaching Social Communication Skills to Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on why and how speech-language pathologists and other professionals can encourage the involvement of parents in teaching social communication skills to their young children. Four main topics are explored: (1) the evidence that many of the children with special needs served by speech-language pathologists and other…

Weiss, Amy L.; Theadore, Geraldine

2011-01-01

76

Social media in an integrated marketing communication strategy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this research work is to find out how to integrate social media in Off-Road’s Finnmark marketing communications. One of the aims of this research is to help the case company to increase the usage of social media in their marketing strategy. The next objective is to develop a marketing strategy for Off-Road Finnmark, in order to assist the organization to implement social media. Relevant articles and literature was reviewed in order to have data to develop the lite...

Lopez Y Gonzalez, Manuel

2012-01-01

77

Social communication intervention effects vary by dependent variable type in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have difficulty communicating in ways that are primarily for initiating and maintaining social relatedness (i.e., social communication). We hypothesized that the way researchers measured social communication would affect whether treatment effects were found. Using a best evidence review method, we found that treatments were shown to improve social communication outcomes approximately 54% of the time. The probability that a treatment affected social communication varied greatly depending on whether social communication was directly targeted (63%) or not (39%). Finally, the probability that a treatment affected social communication also varied greatly depending on whether social communication as measured in (a) contexts very similar to treatment sessions (82%) or (b) contexts that differed from treatment on at least setting, materials, and communication partner (33%). This paper also provides several methodological contributions.

Yoder, Paul J.; Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Chandrasekhar, Rameela; Sandbank, Michael

2014-01-01

78

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: COMMUNICATING IN PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to examine the details of declared activities of social responsibility in the public sector. To achieve the objective the following tasks are formulated: (1 to review the CSR research carried out inLithuania; (2 to analyse the communicative actions of public sector organizations concerning socially responsible activities. Method of work: the article is written using the methods of content analysis, analogy and reflection.  Results: Corporate social responsibility (CSR activities focused on external interest groups and their representation are analysed in the article. The survey covers state capital enterprises or enterprises, in which a larger part of the portfolio of shares is owned by the public sector, and educational organizations, the founder of which is the state. The research of CSR carried out in Lithuania in recent years is overviewed and analysis of the way the public sector organizations, which belong to United Nations Global Compact (hereafter GC network communicate their socially responsible activities is provided. It has been found that the membership of the majority of public sector organizations in the GC is rather formal, and insufficient attention is given for communicating socially responsible activities in information carriers, most easily accessible to the user.  Application of results: management in the public sector.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-10-32

?????? ?????????? ?????????

2014-04-01

79

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

CERN Document Server

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing political discourse on Twitter. We introduce several new analytical perspectives on online discourse with the goal of facilitating collaboration between individuals in the computational and social sciences. The design decisions described in this article are motivated by real-world use cases developed in collaboration with colleagues at the Indiana University School of Journalism.

McKelvey, Karissa; Conover, Michael D; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

80

Corporate Social Responsibility, Reputation, and Moral Communication : A Constructivist View  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Conditions and notions of corporate reputation underwent in the last years a fundamental change. Economic and technological processes of globalization, modernization, and rationalization enforced the institutionalization of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the corporate world. It is often assumed, that CSR positively affects corporate reputation and leads to financial benefits, although empirical evidence and an appropriate conceptualization of reputation are often missing. This chapter discusses the relation between CSR and reputation by taking a meta-perspective: it presents and critically discusses insights from instrumental perspectives and from political-normative perspectives (legitimacy, business ethics). It alternatively develops a constructivist communication view on CSR, building on the “communication constitutes organizations” perspective and a non-dualist turn. It argues that CSR is a symbolically mediated, communicative event, which, based on the underlying dynamics of moral communication, does not simply produce reputation, but also result in dysfunctional effects.

Schultz, Friederike

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Influence and Dissemination Of Sentiments in Social Network Communication Patterns  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Previous research suggests the existence of sentiments in online social networks. In comparison to real life human interaction, in which sentiments have been shown to have an influence on human behaviour, it is not yet completely understood which mechanisms explain how sentiments influence users in online environments. We develop a theoretical framework that tries to bridge the gap between social influence theories that focus on offline interactions on one hand and online interaction in social networks on the other hand. We then test our hypothesis about the influence and dissemination of sentiments in a quantitative analysis that is based on retrieved textual messages of communication patterns in over 12000 online social networks. Our empirical results suggest a general influence of sentiments on node communication patterns that is evidenced by increased occurrences of subsequent messages that express the same sentiment polarization. We interpret these findings and suggest future research to advance our currently limited theories that assume perceived and generalized social influence to path-dependent social influence models that consider actual behaviour.

Trier, Matthias

2013-01-01

82

PECULIARITIES OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF TEENAGERS WITH DIFFERENT THINKING STYLES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article deals with the studying of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence in teenage years. The paper provides the results of the comparative analysis of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence of teenagers with different thinking styles.

????? ????????????? ???????????

2013-01-01

83

The Influence of Communicative Competence on Perceived Task, Social and Physical Attraction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines whether communicative competence influences perceived task, social, and physical attractiveness. Results indicated that communicative competence accounted for 17 percent, 14 percent and 8 percent of the variance in perceived task, social, and physical attractiveness, respectively. (MM)

Duran, Robert L.; Kelly, Lynne

1988-01-01

84

[Mozambique: communication and transition of socialism].  

Science.gov (United States)

Information played a crucial part in the war of independence in the Mozambique. It was considered from the start as one of the fronts. The Movement for independence counted with the tanzanian radio. However the majority of the population had no access to radios; therefore information was carried in any possible way (posters, caricatures, pictures, pamphlets). The messages were addressed mainly to 3 groups of people: militants of the Frelimo (liberation movement), the people of Mozambique, and the soldiers from the colonial army. For outside propaganda, the liberation movement had a periodical report which was published in French, English and Portuguese. The participation of foreign film producers was very important. Information in the Mozambique is very inefficient. The 2 main reasons for this are the lack of qualified personnel and a certain indifference in some areas towards the importance of information. The principle which lies behind information in the Mozambique is not so much to solve problems, but rather to ask questions. The people must participate largely to the information. There is no television in the Mozambique, although the Portuguese broadcasting set up for military purposes could be extended. For the 1st time in a country of transition to socialism, the possibility of refusing or even differing the installation of television is considered. Television is no longer seen as a tool of democratisation, but more as a danger to provoke a segregation between rural and urban areas. It is difficult to create a national conscience in a country where 6 different languages and as many dialects are spoken. Most medias only use Portuguese; only the radio tries to use national languages. PMID:12261385

Mattelart, A

1979-01-01

85

Social Media and Strategic Market Communications of Festivals  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Since the emerging omnipresence of social media usage in Western societies, marketers have been eager to harness the strategic communication potential of new media (e.g. blogs, wikis, visual content sharing sites and online communities. This is also apparent in event tourism; for instance music festivals have proved to be early adopters of Facebook fan sites and Twitter in order to distribute information, campaigns and celebrity rumors to their potential visitors in an inexpensive way. On the other hand, the strategic use of social media has also been hypothesized to be paved with a number of challenges. In order to fill a void of empirical studies of managing festival communications, this paper explores how social media is used as a tool for marketing and service innovation. By conducting focus groups and personal interviews with larger music events (Storsjöyran, Way Out West and Roskilde festival), we investigate current practices, perceived risks and opportunities for revitalizingevent communications in general. During the inventory phase of the research project, two distinctive fields of knowledge gaps have been identified, namely (1) the effect and efficiency measurement methods in a social medial mix and (2) dilemmas of crowdsourcing as an institutionalized practice.

Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

2010-01-01

86

Comunicação social e vacinação Social communication and vaccination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças menores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania.Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da Rocha

2003-01-01

87

Comunicação social e vacinação / Social communication and vaccination  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças m [...] enores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania. Abstract in english Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a [...] variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da, Rocha.

88

The evolution of reproductive restraint through social communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The evolution of altruistic behavior through group selection is generally viewed as possible in theory but unlikely in reality, because individual selection favoring selfish strategies should act more rapidly than group selection favoring cooperation. Here we demonstrate the evolution of altruism, in the form of conditional reproductive restraint based on an explicitly social mechanism, modulated by intrapopulation communication comprising signal and evolved response, in a spatially distribut...

Werfel, Justin; Bar-yam, Yaneer

2004-01-01

89

Social media in marketing communications planning for entrepreneurs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study consisted of both primary and secondary research. Firstly, the secondary research findings introduce the reader into the topic by explaining the most relevant facts and linking the following three subject areas: Marketing Communications, Entrepreneurship and Social Media. To support the theoretical findings, the primary research achieved the exploratory purpose of the research. The key aim of the primary research was to gain a better understanding of how entrepreneurs use and manage...

Paajanen, Jenni

2011-01-01

90

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

91

Supporting Social Competence in Children Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with complex and severe communication impairments often cannot meet their communication needs with their natural voice and may require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). There are many communication and learning challenges facing children who use AAC; however, using AAC for social communication is especially…

King, Amie M.; Fahsl, Allison J.

2012-01-01

92

Research on cognitive, social and cultural processes of written communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article compiles the investigations carried out by a Research Group of the University of Granada, Spain. Its different projects on writing's cognitive social and cultural processes have been supported by the Spanish Government. This line of research joined together linguistic, psychological, social and cultural contributions to the development of writing from the 1970s. Currently, this line of research develops in collaboration with other European Universities: (a) Interuniversity Centre for Research On Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems (ECONA), "La Sapienza" University of Rome (Italy); (b) Anadolu University, (Eskisehir, Turkey); (c) Coimbra University (Portugal); (d) University of Zaragoza (Spain); (e) the Institute of Education of the University of London (United Kingdom). The aforementioned collaboration is materializing into projects like the International Master on Multilingual Writing: Cognitive, Intercultural and Technological Processes of Written Communication ( http://www.multilingualwriting.com ) and the International Congress: Writing in the twenty-first Century: Cognition, Multilinguisim and Technologies, held in Granada ( http://www.asprogrades.org ). This research line is focussed on the development of strategies in writing development, basic to train twenty-first century societies' citizens. In these societies, participation in production media, social exchange and the development of multilingual written communication skills through new computer technologies spread multicultural values. In order to fulfil the social exigencies, it is needed to have the collaboration of research groups for designing and applying international research projects. PMID:19234731

Arroyo González, Rosario; Salvador Mata, Francisco

2009-08-01

93

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, education, health, interpersonal relationships are easier to be acquired and amplified Also, the local communities, companies, educational institutions or non-profit organizations increasingly approach themselves to the citizens, receive their problems and try to solve them efficiently. On the other hand, the expansion of the modern means of communication became possible by the steadily decreasing costs of information and of the appropriate management technologies. Virtual communities may, however, only partially replace the traditional communities and the direct physical interaction between people, because online connections are made between people, not between places. Moreover, a high degree of interconnection involves the spreading of ideas, links and various discoveries or improvements of some already existing equipment and processes. The content of this study paper is created using secondary sources of information – with limited and also limiting feature – in an office research, the areas of analysis being studied separately. The result of the study paper is to evidence the fact that the interest for the interactive electronic communication is increasing. We support the idea that such communication contributes to business development in a particular field, in the social sector, but it is better to be aware of its less desirable effects from which we can notice the loss of privacy, the identity theft, the aggressive promotion etc. In our opinion, in this study paper we only partially achieved to highlight the increasingly strong relationship between communication, interactivity and electronic media and, therefore, we hope that this demarche will be continued in other research.

Purice Suzana

2012-12-01

94

Problems of social and communicative competence in preschoolers and junior schoolchildren with difficulties in social interaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article presents the review of foreign and national investigations concerning genesis and specificity of interactions in children with difficulties in social contacts at early stages of ontogenesis. The following aspects of the problem were regarded: specificity of social interaction in children with autism spectrum disorder and mental retardation; peculiarities of child social interaction as depending on ethnic and gender attributes; factors determining the quality of interaction and social interaction in various age groups; the role of early support in normalizing the further child development; positive dynamics of interaction in conditions of inclusive education and so on.The reviewed studies stress the most significant reasons for low level of social interaction: decrease in need for social interaction, isolation (deprivation, lack of socio-communicative skills, difficulties in utilizing symbolic means, unfavorable situation of development, etc. It is shown that in case of specially structured educational environment it is possible to achieve positive dynamics in development of social and communicative competences in children with difficulties in social interaction.

Gavrilushkina O.P.

2012-09-01

95

The Rules Grid: Helping Children with Social Communication and Interaction Needs Manage Social Complexity  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces a new practical visual approach, the Rules Grid, to support children who have social communication and interaction needs. The Rules Grid involves a system whereby behaviours of concern can be broken down into smaller behavioural manifestations which in turn lead not only to problem identification and specification, but…

Devlin, Niall

2009-01-01

96

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812. In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl Navarro

2012-12-01

97

Repetitive Self-Grooming Behavior in the BTBR Mouse Model of Autism is Blocked by the mGluR5 Antagonist MPEP  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormal reciprocal social interactions, communication deficits, and repetitive behaviors with restricted interests. BTBR T+tf/J (BTBR) is an inbred mouse strain that shows robust behavioral phenotypes with analogies to all three of the diagnostic symptoms of autism, including well-replicated deficits in reciprocal social interactions and social approach, unusual patterns of ultrasonic vocalization, and high levels of repetitive self-gr...

Silverman, Jill L.; Tolu, Seda S.; Barkan, Charlotte L.; Crawley, Jacqueline N.

2010-01-01

98

Internal Communication and Social Dialogue in Knowledge-Based Organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge-based organizations are constructed on intangible assets, such as the expertise and the values of the employees. As a consequence, motivation and professional excellence of employees are the main objectives of management teams. For this type of organizations, considered as true “knowledge systems”, the employees represent the most valuable resource that is not motivated only through financial means, but also through internal communication, autonomy or social rewards. The research of Eurofound shows that knowledge-based organizations have a low number of trade unions, while professional associations are more relevant for them. There is no tradition to defend through negotiation the working conditions of employees, thus it is important for managers to use the best practices, in order to increase the employees’ loyalty. We conducted a qualitative research concerning the quality of professional life of employees in five sectors of knowledge-based services: advertising-marketing, IT, banking and finance, research and development, and higher education; 15-20 employees from each sector were interviewed. Some of the questions referred directly to trade unions and affiliation, and also to internal communication. Although the results showed a different situation in each of the five sectors, there are few common characteristics: descendant communication is more frequent than ascendant communication, trade unions were reported as missing, unrepresentative or not very active, and the greatest part of employees in this sector are not affiliated, facts that limits the possibility of maintaining employees’ motivation on long term.

Diana-Maria CISMARU

2014-02-01

99

Los nuevos medios de comunicación social: las redes sociales / The new media for Social Communication: the social networking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: En el intercambio de testigo que están realizando los medios de comunicación tradicionales y las redes sociales no sólo se está produciendo una simple sustitución, ni tan siquiera una transmutuación como comúnmente se está queriendo entender. Como en todo proceso, están surgiendo nuevas propiedades que en el ámbito de la comunicación se relacionan con principios como la deslocalización, la imprevisión, la inmediatez o la interacción. Unas cualidades sobre las que reflexionaremos en el siguiente artículo, con la intención de adecuar su definición en el entorno de los nuevos medios de comunicación social.Abstract: In the exchange of witness being done by traditional media and social networking is not only producing a simple substitution, not even one as commonly transmutuación is trying to understand. As in any process, properties that are emerging in the field of communication principles as they relate to relocation, unpredictability, immediacy or interaction. Qualities on which we reflect in the following article, with the intention to adapt its definition in the setting of new media.

Antonio Pantoja Chaves

2011-09-01

100

An Investigation of the Relationship between Health Literacy and Social Communication Skills in Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine connections between health literacy and social communication skills in older adults, a population that experiences chronic health conditions but is reported to have low health literacy and declines in communication skills. Sixty-three older adults were administered the "Social Communication" subtest of the…

Hester, Eva Jackson

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Sex Differences in Technical Communication: A Perspective from Social Role Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This article interprets technical communication research about sex differences according to social role theory, which argues that sex differences are enculturated through experiences associated with social positions in the family and the workplace. It reevaluates technical communication research about sex differences in communicative and…

Thompson, Isabelle

2004-01-01

102

Social Email: A Framework and Application for More Socially-Aware Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

As online social networks (OSN) attempt to mimic real life social networks, we have made progress towards using OSNs to provide us with data to allow for richer and more robust online communications. In this paper, we present a novel approach towards socially-aware email. Currently, email provides too little control to the recipient. Our approach, dubbed SoEmail, provides social context to messages using an OSN's underlying social graph. This not only gives the recipient control over who can message her, but it also provides her with an understanding of where the message originated from, socially. Furthermore, users who do not wish to use the built-in social aspect of SoEmail, can send and receive emails without any changes to their behavior. The modifications we made to the email application to provide this social context are not invasive and can be easily ignored by any existing email client. We built SoEmail on top of an existing framework, known as Davis Social Links, which allows SoEmail to be completely agnostic about the underlying OSN. We created a web-based, standards-based web client for SoEmail using Facebook and Gmail as the underlying systems which has been released for public use and has had a good adoption rate.

Tran, Thomas; Rowe, Jeff; Wu, S. Felix

103

Electronic Word-of-Mouth Communication and Consumer Behaviour : An Exploratory Study of Danish Social Media Communication Influence  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The rapid adoption of social media, along with the easy access to peer information and interactions, has resulted in massive online word-of-mouth communication. These interactions among consumers have an increasing power over the success or failure of companies and brands. Drawing upon word-of-mouth communication and consumer behaviour theories, this paper investigates the use of word-of-mouth communication through social media among a group of Danish consumers. The findings suggest that electronic word-of-mouth communication among friends and peers affect consumer behaviour. Additionally, peer communication is perceived as more objective and therefore found more reliable than companies’ brand communication. Furthermore, negative word-of-mouth is perceived as more trustworthy compared to positive messages, which are often believed to be too subjective. The research findings emphasise the importance one has to assign to social media as a source of reputation for companies and brands, which eventually impact consumers’ choices.

Pedersen, Signe Tegtmeier; Razmerita, Liana

2014-01-01

104

Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

2007-01-01

105

Singaporean Adolescents' Perceptions of Online Social Communication: An Exploratory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study investigated adolescents' perceptions in online social communication. Three factors were perceived by adolescents as critical to online social communication. These included self-identity, self-confidence, and self-social factors. Results showed significant differences between the factors derived from the current study and those…

Zheng, Robert Z.; Cheok, Angeline; Khoo, Eng

2011-01-01

106

Corporate Social Responsibility in Online Social Networks : An Empirical Analysis of Corporate Communication for Brands on the German Market  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Considering growing public awareness of social, ethical and ecological responsibility, companies have constantly been increasing their efforts in CSR communications. Social Media as tools of brand communication receive increasing attention and it is expected that the marketing sector will experience changes through this phenomenon in the future. This empirical study investigates the types of content that is communicated for different brands and industries in leading Social Media portals on the German market in 2011. It turns out that this kind of CSR communication differs in terms of portals used, as well as in contents. Also, remarkable differences between industries can be observed.

Horn, Christian; Brem, Alexander

2014-01-01

107

Elaboration of communicativeness of future social workers through the participation in institute’s volunteerism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is dedicated to definition of communicativeness structure of future social workers and highlighting its main components. Significant part of the article is played by the definition of the volunteerism role in elaborating communicativeness of students.

Uliya Galyshinskaya

2013-03-01

108

Using social media to communicate during crises: an analytic methodology  

Science.gov (United States)

The Emerging Media Integration Team at the Department of the Navy Office of Information (CHINFO) has recently put together a Navy Command Social Media Handbook designed to provide information needed to safely and effectively use social media. While not intended to be a comprehensive guide on command use of social media or to take the place of official policy, the Handbook provides a useful guide for navigating a dynamic communications environment. Social media are changing the way information is diffused and decisions are made, especially for Humanitarian Assistance missions when there is increased emphasis on Navy commands to share critical information with other Navy command sites, government, and official NGO (nongovernmental organization) sites like the American Red Cross. In order to effectively use social media to support such missions, the Handbook suggests creating a centralized location to funnel information. This suggests that as the community of interest (COI) grows during a crisis, it will be important to ensure that information is shared with appropriate organizations for different aspects of the mission such as evacuation procedures, hospital sites, location of seaports and airports, and other topics relevant to the mission. For example, in the first 14 days of the U.S. Southern Command's Haiti HA/DR (Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief) mission, the COI grew to over 1,900 users. In addition, operational conditions vary considerably among incidents, and coordination between different groups is often set up in an ad hoc manner. What is needed is a methodology that will help to find appropriate people with whom to share information for particular aspects of a mission during a wide range of events related to the mission. CNA has developed such a methodology and we would like to test it in a small scale lab experiment.

Greene, Marjorie

2011-06-01

109

Folktales for Social Change - A Study of Dialogic Democracy, Oral Culture & Communication for Social Change in Rural Malawi  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Specialet 'Folktales for Social Change: A Study of Dialogic Democracy, Oral Culture, & Communication for Social Change in Rural Malawi' forbinder fagene Filosofi og Kommunikation i en dobbelt undersøgelse af, for det første, mulighederne for at forankre og fra filosofisk hold retfærdiggøre en dialogisk demokrati-teoretisk retning for ’Communication for Social Change’-paradigmet (CFSC) inden for kommunikations-forskning og -praksis. For det andet undersøger specialet hvordan den samme...

Jeppesen, Jonas Agerbæk

2012-01-01

110

New insight for social risk communication of nuclear power towards social consensus for HLW disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the construction of effective knowledge base on safety and non-anxiety for nuclear power, a study on new communication system about social risk information has been initiated by noticing the rapid expansion of Internet in the society. By constructing Internet Website communication system on the geological disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, we conducted the experiment of communication for verifying the principles such as that the basic technical knowledge and trust, and social ethics are indispensable in this process to close the perception gap between nuclear specialists and the general public. The cognition structural equation model by means of the variables reduction method of multiple regression analysis and by compiling the significant paths by covariance structure analysis was built based on this experimental data. Moreover, by investigating more detailed public subconscious on the high-level radioactive wastes by 'text mining method' with the special reference to the Public Comment in July 2000 and the literature survey, it was found that the freely discussing ideas based on the environmental ethics such as 'fairness in results' and 'fairness in opportunity' from scratch would gain a potential of enhancing the social receptivity. (author)

111

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online / Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on online Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio fue diseñado para conocer las conductas de comunicación online en una muestra de preadolescentes (10-12 años, n=812). Se analizó el efecto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y las experiencias de cibervictimización sobre la comunicación online. La comunicación online [...] comprendía ítems relacionados con el tiempo empleado, las plataformas utilizadas, las personas con las que interactúan y los motivos para conectarse a la red. La ansiedad social fue evaluada mediante la Escala de ansiedad social para niños revisada, las habilidades sociales a través de la subescala del Cuestionario Matson y la cibervictimización mediante la Escala de Victimización a través de Internet. Los resultados mostraron que el grupo con altas habilidades sociales y baja ansiedad emplean más tiempo comunicándose en Internet y utilizan más los mensajes instantáneos para hablar con los amigos. Por el contrario, la conducta online del grupo con alta ansiedad social y bajas habilidades está más motivada por el deseo de hacer amigos. Las víctimas de ciberbullying emplean más tiempo online, utilizan más las salas de chat y se comunican más con desconocidos. Estos hallazgos sugieren que, a pesar de los riesgos, Internet también permite mantener y ampliar la red social existente. Abstract in english The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items rela [...] ted to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl, Navarro; Santiago, Yubero.

112

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online / Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on online Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio fue diseñado para conocer las conductas de comunicación online en una muestra de preadolescentes (10-12 años, n=812). Se analizó el efecto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y las experiencias de cibervictimización sobre la comunicación online. La comunicación online [...] comprendía ítems relacionados con el tiempo empleado, las plataformas utilizadas, las personas con las que interactúan y los motivos para conectarse a la red. La ansiedad social fue evaluada mediante la Escala de ansiedad social para niños revisada, las habilidades sociales a través de la subescala del Cuestionario Matson y la cibervictimización mediante la Escala de Victimización a través de Internet. Los resultados mostraron que el grupo con altas habilidades sociales y baja ansiedad emplean más tiempo comunicándose en Internet y utilizan más los mensajes instantáneos para hablar con los amigos. Por el contrario, la conducta online del grupo con alta ansiedad social y bajas habilidades está más motivada por el deseo de hacer amigos. Las víctimas de ciberbullying emplean más tiempo online, utilizan más las salas de chat y se comunican más con desconocidos. Estos hallazgos sugieren que, a pesar de los riesgos, Internet también permite mantener y ampliar la red social existente. Abstract in english The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items rela [...] ted to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl, Navarro; Santiago, Yubero.

2012-12-01

113

Positive Sexual Communication and Socialization in the Parent-Adolescent Context  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter provides an expanded view of parent- adolescent sexual communication and socialization in an effort to move beyond risk perspectives toward a consideration of other important aspects of sexual socialization.

Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Stoppa, Tara M.

2006-01-01

114

Associations between Temperament and Social Responsiveness in Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research has demonstrated that social responsiveness (comprised of social awareness, social information processing, reciprocal social communication, social motivation, and repetitive/restricted interests) is continuously distributed within the general population. In the present study, we consider temperament as a co-occurring source of…

Salley, Brenda; Miller, Angela; Bell, Martha Ann

2013-01-01

115

Social media usage in the field of marketing communication between organisations (B2B)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the master's thesis, we have dealt with social media at the area of marketing communication between companies (B2B). First, we have studied the definitions and technical basis for social media usage, because this is a rather young area at the area of communication among companies. Further, we have examined possibilities of using social media in companies in details and positive and negative effects that social media could bring to companies, which decide for their usage. We have wanted...

Krivec, Damjana

2013-01-01

116

Modeling the socially intelligent communication of health information to a patient's personal social network.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how emotional proximity and gender affect people's information requirements when someone that they know is chronically or critically ill. In an online study, participants were asked what information they would want to receive about members of their social network in three categories: someone who was very close, someone who was not so close, and someone who was not close at all. Our results show that the information that people want can be predicted from their gender and emotional proximity to the network member. The closer the relationship with the patient, the more information people want. Women want more information than men. We propose a model for the socially intelligent communication of health information across the social network, and discuss areas for its application. PMID:19887326

Moncur, Wendy; Reiter, Ehud; Masthoff, Judith; Carmichael, Alex

2010-03-01

117

Scholarly communication and social work in the Google era  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Scholarly communication and social work in the Google era In this text, we outline how new media has an impact on international scholarly communication and focus on how these changes (can influence the traditional gap between research and practice. We do so by describing the dreams of yesterday, the facts of today and the possible consequences for the near future. The most significant development on the interface between science and information technology is not so much the increased computational power but the increased availability of scientific information, be it communication between scientists through virtual libraries or discussion lists, or between scientists and students through electronic learning environments. Through this development of more digital scientific communication and more visibility of that communication in the public realm, the traditional schism between science and practice changes. Combining this with the increasing plea for more applicability of research results, it is time to supplement the science citation index with the Google citation index. Onderzoekscommunicatie in sociaal werk in het Google tijdperk In dit artikel zetten we uiteen hoe de opkomst van nieuwe media van invloed is op communicatie tussen wetenschappers wereldwijd, en hoe deze veranderingen van invloed (kunnen zijn op het traditionele gat tussen wetenschap en praktijk. We doen dit door het beschrijven van de dromen van gisteren, de feiten van vandaag de dag en de mogelijke consequenties daarvan voor de toekomst. De belangrijkste ontwikkeling die zich op het raakvlak van wetenschap en informatietechnologie heeft voorgedaan, is niet zozeer de toename in technische mogelijkheden, maar vooral de toegenomen beschikbaarheid van wetenschappelijke informatie, zij het communicatie tussen wetenschappers binnen de virtuele omgeving van bibliotheken of op discussiefora op het internet, of communicatie tussen wetenschappers en studenten middels een elektronische leeromgeving. Deze toename in communicatie tussen wetenschappers en de toegenomen zichtbaarheid daarvan, heeft gevolgen voor de traditionele afstand tussen wetenschap en praktijk. Een andere ontwikkeling die met deze discussie samenhangt, is een toegenomen vraag naar meer toepasbare onderzoeksresultaten. We stellen daarom dat het tijd is om de Science Citation Index aan te vullen met de Google Citation Index.

Jan Steyaert

2011-12-01

118

The MAVEN mission to Mars: Communicating science through social media  

Science.gov (United States)

While science literacy rates in the U.S. have recently increased, overall levels remain remarkably low.There are opportunities for the public to learn about science and to engage directly with real-life practitioners. It is the responsibility of science education and communications professionals to provide these opportunities and to assess the effectiveness of each platform. At the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we utilize a diverse, well-tested approach to introduce science to the public and to give scientists access to the broadest possible audience. This poster will focus on NASA's MAVEN mission to Mars and the social media outlets we have incorporated into our Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program in order to introduce rather complex science concepts to the public. We'll examine several evaluation tools that are used to provide ongoing, immediate feedback regarding our strategies and to guide long-term efforts. MAVEN educators and scientists are capitalizing on the recent excitement surrounding Mars science and the public's fascination with the search for life to bring the science of the mission directly to a variety of audiences. Our EPO professionals are using cross-platform, transportable content to maximize exposure and create pathways for two-way interactions between our audience and mission experts. We are using social media tools to build a community that will join us in the MAVEN journey and its important scientific discoveries.

Mason, T.; Renfrow, S.

2012-12-01

119

Dating and the Single-Parent: Communication in the Social Network.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessed relationship development of single-parents, focusing on the communicative affect of their immediate social network (children and ex-spouse) by using Levinger's developmental scheme. Interpretations of data are presented in light of relationship development for the single parent within the communicative context of his/her immediate social

Petronio, Sandra; Endres, Thomas

1986-01-01

120

Social and Communicational Skills in Upper Secondary Vocational Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the methodology used by the Finnish Education Evaluation Council in the national evaluation of social and communication skills in vocational education and training. The evaluation concentrates on key competences such as learning-to-learn skills, communication skills, social skills and entrepreneurship (Implementation of…

Raisanen, Anu; Rakkolainen, Mari

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

The Effect of Communication Skills and Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills on Social Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine communication skills, interpersonal problem solving skills, and social self-efficacy perception of adolescents and the predictive role of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. This study is a quantitative and relational study aimed at examining the…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2013-01-01

122

Profiles of Social Communicative Competence in Middle School Children with Asperger Syndrome: Two Case Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Among characteristics of children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS) are difficulties in social communication. This study describes the social communicative competence of two middle school children with AS participating in conversations in three different situational contexts. The conversations were transcribed and submitted to three kinds of…

Bellon-Harn, Monica L.; Harn, William E.

2006-01-01

123

The Experimental Social Scientific Model in Speech Communication Research: Influences and Consequences.  

Science.gov (United States)

A substantial number of published articles in speech communication research today is experimental/social scientific in nature. It is only in the past decade that scholars have begun to put the history of communication under the lens. Early advocates of the adoption of the method of social scientific inquiry were J. A. Winans, J. M. O'Neill, and C.…

Ferris, Sharmila Pixy

124

PECULIARITIES OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF TEENAGERS WITH DIFFERENT THINKING STYLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article deals with the studying of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence in teenage years. The paper provides the results of the comparative analysis of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence of teenagers with different thinking styles.

????? ????????????? ???????????

2013-06-01

125

Teaching Students How to Integrate and Assess Social Networking Tools in Marketing Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

This research is based on two studies that focus on teaching students how to integrate and assess social networking tools in marketing communications. Study 1 examines how students in marketing classes utilize social networking tools and explores their attitudes regarding the use of such tools for marketing communications. Study 2 focuses on an…

Schlee, Regina Pefanis; Harich, Katrin R.

2013-01-01

126

The Social Communication Assessment for Toddlers with Autism (SCATA): An Instrument to Measure the Frequency, Form and Function of Communication in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

The Social Communication Assessment for Toddlers with Autism (SCATA) was designed to measure non-verbal communication, including early and atypical communication, in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Each communicative act is scored according to its form, function, role and complexity. The SCATA was used to measure communicative

Drew, Auriol; Baird, Gillian; Taylor, Emma; Milne, Elizabeth; Charman, Tony

2007-01-01

127

Social Affiliation and the Achievement of Ontological Security through Interpersonal and Mass Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews literature comparing different forms and contexts of communication. States that underlying the motivations for both mediated and face-to-face communications is a basic need for social affiliation. Suggests a more integrative theory of communication that may transcend specific media, content, or contexts. (PA)

Cohen, Jonathan; Metzger, Miriam

1998-01-01

128

enREDando y conectando: Comunicacion y redes sociales / Tangling and Connecting: Communication and Social Networks  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En esta publicación se propone el análisis de las redes sociales desde una perspectiva comunicacional: por su contenido o temática; por su composición (cerrada o abierta), por la interacción (interna o externa) existente; por su difusión y alcance (local o internacional). Se han seleccionado tres si [...] tios de la web que presentan características diversas: una red de autogestión comunitaria, una red académica y una red socio-política. Abstract in english This article is intended to make an analysis of social networks from a communicational point of view: based on their contents and topics; based on their components (closed or open); based on their existing interaction (internal or external); based on their kind of release and scope (local or interna [...] tional). Three websites showing several characteristics have been selected: a community self-management network, an academic network, and a sociopolitical network.

Ilia E., López Jiménez.

129

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

O?zgen, Ebru; Doymus?, Hu?snur

2013-01-01

130

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

Ebru ÖZGEN

2013-02-01

131

Use of social media in managing customer relationships in a Chinese SME - A communication perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of social media as a means to communicate with customers in an SME context. Two particular aspects were analyzed in this study. First, the role of social media was to be identified. Second, the study focused on the most important characteristics of social media in meeting the challenges in managing customer relationships. International business creates challenges for international business communication. I...

Wei, Jie

2014-01-01

132

Developing a social media communication plan: case: the Quicker Steps project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social media is accepted as an effective communications and promotion tool. Social media tools such as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, blogging and podcasting are leveraged by different organizations for creating profiles, establishing communication, interaction and launching promotional activities. However, promoters might encounter certain challenges in targeting potential audiences and maintaining interest and the interaction of the audience in their social media profiles. The Quicker St...

Nazari, Ahdia

2012-01-01

133

Communicative action: the Habermasian and Freirean dialogical approach to participatory communication for social change in a post-1994 South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite its almost four decade mainstay, the field of parti-cipatory communication for social change still experiences a definitional and pragmatic problem regarding what exactly participation is (cf. Jacobson & Storey, 2004; Chambers, 1994; Melkote & Steeves, 2001; Rogers, 1976; Lerner, 1964; Schramm, 1964; Servaes, 1995. What remains is a vastly under-theorised field of participatory communication for social change. This article examines the possibility of participatory communication approaching the Habermasian “ideal speech situation” in which people, as communicators, are seen as having a value in their own right and not simply regarded as a means to an end (cf. Habermas, 1984; 1987; 1989. Consistent with the Freirean “liberal pedagogy”, the praxis of dialogical communication or intersubjective communication is seen as putting right the “participative” quality of participatory com-munication (cf. Freire, 1970. For both theorists, transformative action can only occur if reflective and collective learning occurs in linguistically constructed settings where the normative dimensions of truth (logos, rightfulness (ethos and truthfulness (pathos are raised and met in the developmental conversation. This is especially significant in a globalised world and fragmented, post-bourgeois public sphere where debate among developmental stakeholders is becoming more marginal, in-strumentalist, and less public. Based on available analyses of development communication literature, this article proposes that the chosen dialogical approaches share a type of communi-cative behaviour (i.e. action theoretic, rather than representing a particular paradigm or school of thought. This could offer further definitional clarification of proper participatory communi-cation for social change in a post-1994 South Africa.

H. Otto

2009-07-01

134

Effective Use of Social Media in Communicating Climate Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The internet and social media have been a critical vector for misinformation on climate change. Scientists have not always been proactive or effective in utilizing the medium to bring attention to the best science, to correct misinformation and overcome urban myths. Similarly, mainstream journalists have been handicapped in dealing with the wide open nature of the medium, and often muted by editorial concerns or budget restrictions. Independent communicators who are highly motivated can make inroads in this area by using the internet's immediacy and connectivity to consistently connect viewers and readers to reliable information. Over the last 4 years, I have developed a series of you tube videos, made deliberately provocative to engage the internet's confrontational culture, but carefully crafted to bring the best science into the freewheeling community. In doing so, I have won the confidence of leading climate scientists, and in some cases assisted them in clarifying their message. This presentation will share simple tips, useful practices, and effective strategies for making complex material more clear and user friendly, and help scientists better convey the stories hidden in their data.

Sinclair, P. W.

2012-12-01

135

The Relationship Between Social Anxiety and Online Communication Among Adolescents in the City of Isfahan, Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The internet is a phenomena that changes human, specially the younger generation's, life in the 21st century. Online communication is a common way of interacting among adolescents who experience feelings of social anxiety. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between social anxiety and online communication in adolescents. Methods: Three hundred and thirty students aged 13-16 years were selected from eight middle and high schools in Isfahan by multistage cluster sampling. Each of them completed a survey on the amount of time they spent communicating online, the topics they discussed, the partners they engaged with and their purpose for communicating over the internet. They also completed the social anxiety scale of adolescents. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Results: Results of the Pearson analysis showed that online communication has a significant positive relationship with apprehension and fear of negative evaluation (AFNE), and a significant negative relationship with tension and inhibition in social contact (TISC) (P < 0.01). The results of regression analysis showed that the best predictor of online communication is AFNE, TISC. Conclusions: It is suggested that students from middle school get assessed in terms of the level of social anxiety. Then, the quality and quantity of their online communication should be moderated through group training and consulting and referral to medical centers, if needed. The results of this study may lead to optimal use of online communications and reduce the personal, social and psychological problems of adolescents. PMID:23671769

Esfandiari, Narges; Nouri, Abolghasem; Golparvar, Mohsen; Yarmohammadian, Mohammad H

2013-01-01

136

Sentidos comunicacionales en las políticas sociales para adolescentes / Communication senses in the social policies for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo se enmarca en la beca de iniciación en investigación de la UNCo cuyo proyecto de investigación se denominó "Sentidos en las estrategias de Comunicación/Educación del estado y de ONGs en trabajos con adolescentes en Viedma" -2005/2006-. En la etapa de esta investigación que reflej [...] a este artículo, se abordaron los discursos de los agentes que participaban de la Red Adolescencia Viedma. Se plantean los lineamientos teóricos que sustentan el estudio y que implican una mirada desde el campo de la comunicación sobre los sentidos que construyen los adultos que destinan prácticas de 'promoción, prevención, expresión' para adolescentes. Luego se esbozan algunas conclusiones sobre cómo lo que denominamos 'lógica mercantil' y 'lógica comunicativa' se expresa en las políticas sociales destinadas a lo que se denomina "adolescencia". Abstract in english The present work places in the scholarship of initiation in research of the UNCo which project of research named "Senses in the strategies of Communication/education of the state and of NGOs in works with teenagers in Viedma" -2005/2006-. In the stage of this research that reflects this article, the [...] re were approached the speeches of the agents who were informing of the Net Adolescence Viedma. There appear the theoretical limits that sustain the study and that imply a look from the field of the communication on the senses that there construct the adults who destine practices of 'promotion, prevention, expression' for teenagers. Then some conclusions are outlined on how what we name a 'mercantile logic' and 'communicative logic' it expresses in the social policies destined for what is named "adolescence".

María Cristina, Cabral.

137

The influences of optimal matching and social capital on communicating support.  

Science.gov (United States)

The optimal matching and social capital perspectives frame present research expectations and interpretations of the network, esteem, informational, and emotional support communication of 3 computer-mediated communication social support groups, each having a different health-promoting purpose. Past research has shown differences in the support communication provided by different groups but has offered little explanation for these differences. The present study uses a comparative analysis of optimal matching and social capital influences to compare and analyze differences in the support communication provided by Alcoholics Anonymous, cancer caregivers, and transgender identity support groups. Results show different patterns of support communication enacted in each. These results provide support for optimal matching and social capital predictions, indicating that the life stressor and group structure affect the social support provided. However, results also demonstrate a need for greater refinement in interpreting the effects of these influences. Each group communicates network, esteem, informational, and emotional support somewhat differently in response to the life stressor and in enacting bridging and bonding social capital. The present comparisons provide a fuller analysis of the optimal matching and social capital influences upon the support communicated in groups than afforded by past research studies and suggests research opportunities for future research. PMID:24580637

Green-Hamann, Sara; Sherblom, John C

2014-10-01

138

A social functional approach to emotions in bargaining: when communicating anger pays and when it backfires.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research on the communication of emotions has suggested that bargainers obtain higher outcomes if they communicate anger than if they communicate happiness because anger signals higher limits, which in turn leads opponents to give in. Building on a social functional account of communicated emotions, the authors demonstrate that the behavioral consequences of communicated anger strongly depend on structural characteristics of the bargaining situation. The results of 3 experimental studies on ultimatum bargaining corroborate the notion that communicated anger signals higher limits and that emotion effects are contingent on bargainers' expectation that low offers will be rejected. The data also indicate, however, that communicating anger in bargaining may backfire. The findings suggest that bargainers who communicate anger may obtain lower outcomes (a) when their opponent has a possibility to deceive them during bargaining and (b) when the consequences of rejecting their opponent's offer are low. Taken together, the current article reveals the boundary conditions of successful communication of anger in bargaining. PMID:18361674

van Dijk, Eric; van Kleef, Gerben A; Steinel, Wolfgang; van Beest, Ilja

2008-04-01

139

Repetitive Stress Injuries  

Science.gov (United States)

... t had any problems since. What Are Repetitive Stress Injuries? Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) are injuries that ... shoulders, knees, and heels. Continue What Causes Repetitive Stress Injuries? Most RSI conditions found in teens are ...

140

Language in young children with neurofibromatosis-1: relations to functional communication, attention, and social functioning.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the language abilities of 30 children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) aged 4-6 years were examined using a standardized measure of language. Relations of language to multiple parental report measures of functional communication, social skills, and attention problems were investigated. Difficulties in core language skills were observed, and more than 1/3 of the children struggled on at least one language index. Language abilities were significantly related to parental report of functional communication, social interaction and communication, and social skills, such that language difficulties may be a risk factor for communication and social interaction challenges and communication-related adaptive behavior in children with NF1. Though receptive language abilities were an area of particular difficulty for many children with NF1, they were not significantly related to parental ratings of social functioning and functional communication. Few significant relations were found between language and parent-reported attention problems, although some trends were noted. Hence attention difficulties in children with NF1 may contribute to, but do not appear to fully account for, language difficulties. In sum, there is an increased risk of language difficulties for young children with NF1, and lab-measured language difficulties appear to relate to everyday communication and social interaction functioning. PMID:24995687

Brei, Natalie G; Klein-Tasman, Bonita P; Schwarz, G Nathanael; Casnar, Christina L

2014-10-01

 
 
 
 
141

Information and communication technologies and social network sites : The digital world of adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At present, it is hard to imagine many adolescents in Ireland experiencing life without Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Social Network Sites (SNSs) in their everyday social and leisure pursuits. Many have access to a range of ICTs and most are registered with at least one Social Network Site. To date however, limited academic attention has been given to the context of ICT and Social Network Site use in Irish adolescents’ lives. The aim of this research is to contri...

Delaney, Patrick

2011-01-01

142

Abordagem clínica e psicossocial das Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos LER / DORT / Clinical and psycho-social perspective of repetitive strain injuries RSI / WRMD  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Revisão bibliográfica, com abordagem clínica, psicológica e social dos problemas causados pelas Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos - LER, hoje melhor definidas como Distúrbio Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho - DORT. São discutidos neste texto, a sinonímia utilizada em toda a literatura pesquisa [...] da, alguns dados epidemiológicos, em nível mundial e nacional, quanto à distribuição da doença segundo algumas varáveis tais como: sexo, idade, tipo de atividade, tempo e localização anatômica das queixas, afastamento do trabalho etc. Além desses pontos, são enfocados estudos sobre fatores etiológicos e fisiopatológicos das LER / DORT. Por fim, buscou-se uma correlação entre todos estes fatores anteriormente citados e o psicossocial, pontuando os elementos que influenciam diretamente no aparecimento e/ou manutenção desta enfermidade multifatorial, salientado a importância da organização do trabalho na sua prevenção. Abstract in english This is a bibliographical revision work involving clinical, psychological and social disorders that are caused by the commonly known repetitive strain injuries (RSI) and better defined nowadays as Work-Related Musculo-skeletal Disease (WRMD). The synonymy used throughout the researched literature is [...] discussed in this text, together with some national and world-level epidemiological data concerning the distribution of the disease, listed in relation to some variables, such as: sex, age, type of activity, duration and location of anatomical complaints, absence from work, etc. Besides the above, studies were focused on the etiological and physio-pathological factors of RSI / WRMD, furthermore, efforts were made to establish a correlation between the aforementioned factors and psycho-social factors, pointing out the elements that directly influence the manifestation and / or maintenance of this multi-factorial infirmity, and the importance that work organization has in relation to its prevention.

Heleodório Honorato dos, Santos.

143

Developmental gene regulation by an ancient intercellular communication system in social amoebae.  

Science.gov (United States)

The social amoebae (Dictyostelia) use quorum sensing-like communication systems to coordinate the periodic transition from uni- to multicellularity. The monophyletic descent of the Dictyostelia provides a unique opportunity to study the origin and adaptive evolution of such intercellular communication systems. We determined that the ability of aggregation-competent cells to respond to the intercellular messenger glorin occurred in the most ancient taxa of the Dictyostelia. We show using Illumina sequencing technology that glorin mediates rapid changes in gene expression at the transition from vegetative growth to aggregation. We conclude that peptide-based communication is the most ancient form of intercellular signaling in the evolution of multicellularity in the social amoebae, but has been repeatedly replaced by other communication systems during the monophyletic evolution of the social amoebae. Glorin communication has parallels with quorum sensing in that the molecule diffuses into the field, stimulates gene expression in receptive cells and coordinates a population-wide response. PMID:21371934

Asghar, Asma; Groth, Marco; Siol, Oliver; Gaube, Friedemann; Enzensperger, Christoph; Glöckner, Gernot; Winckler, Thomas

2012-01-01

144

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

CERN Document Server

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift towards innovative technology bound people networking which is becoming an acceptable domain of interaction. Though the traditional channels like TV, print media etc. are still active and prominent in marketing communication, the presences of the Internet and more specifically the Social Media Networking, has started influencing the way individuals and business enterprises communicate. It has become evident that more individuals and business enterprises are engaging the social media networking sites either to accelerate the sales of their pro...

Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

2012-01-01

145

Arresting Social Insecurity in Nigeria: The Imperative of Indigenous Communication Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the role of indigenous communication systems in ensuring social security in Nigeria. It posits that the best approach to arrest social insecurity in Nigeria is to restore the cherished value system of the various ethnic nationalities that make up Nigeria. In doing this, emphasis should be on the use of a communication approach that has many things in common with the value system of the people. Hence, the choice of indigenous communication systems and among the different forms of these communication systems, the institutional form is unique in prosecuting a campaign for social change, including the one being examined. Thus, the role of endogenous institutional media like traditional rulers, age groups, masquerade institutions and religious institutions, among others, in achieving social security in Nigeria are examined.

Leo O.N. Edegoh

2013-04-01

146

Stakeholder perceptions of communication of corporate social responsibility: case Lappset Group  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stakeholder Perceptions of Communication of Corporate Social Responsibility: Case Lappset Group Objective of the Study The objective of the study was to explore the stakeholder perceptions concerning communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the case company, Lappset Group Ltd. The target stakeholder group consisted of architects, landscape architects and landscape designers (referred to as architects), who are considered by the case company as important opinion leader...

Kiviluoma, Marianne

2013-01-01

147

Promoting child-initiated social-communication in children with autism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined the effects of the Son-Rise Program (SRP), an intensive treatment aimed to improve child-initiated social communication in children with autism. Six children between the ages of 47 and 78 months were provided with 40 h of SRP, with pre- to post-treatment behavioral changes tested using a novel passive interaction probe task. Results showed an increase in the frequency of spontaneous social orienting and gestural communication for the experimental children, compared to six ...

Houghton, Kat; Schuchard, Julia; Lewis, Charlie; Thompson, Cynthia

2013-01-01

148

Communicative Dynamics and the Polyphony of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Network Society  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper develops a media theoretical extension of the communicative view on corporate social responsibility by elaborating on the characteristics of network societies, arguing that new media increase the speed and connectivity, and lead to higher plurality and the potential polarization of reality constructions. We discuss the implications for corporate social responsibility of becoming more polyphonic and sketch the contours of “communicative legitimacy.” Finally, we present this special issue and develop some questions for future research.

Castello, Itziar; Morsing, Mette

2013-01-01

149

Second Life: A Strong Communication Tool in Social Networking and Business  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study is to present different communication methods in Second Life virtual world, its implication on social networking, business and future scope. The current study is a review of various literatures relating to social networking, virtual community, virtual reality and online business in Second Life. The study has shown the strong and competitive advantages of Second Life among other virtual worlds and the contributions it has made on real life through communication and ...

Sharma Gajendra; Wenjun Sun; Qiang Ye

2010-01-01

150

Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Typical Development: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Comparisons  

Science.gov (United States)

Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, compared to social and communicative impairments, less is known about their development, trajectory and etiology. This study explored RRBs in young children with ASD matched to typically developing (TD) children on non-verbal development.…

Harrop, Clare; McConachie, Helen; Emsley, Richard; Leadbitter, Kathy; Green, Jonathan

2014-01-01

151

Logging On, Bouncing Back: An Experimental Investigation of Online Communication following Social Exclusion  

Science.gov (United States)

A majority of U.S. adolescents at least occasionally communicate on the Internet with unknown peers. This study tested the hypothesis that online communication with an unknown peer facilitates recovery from the acute aversive effects of social exclusion and examined whether this benefit may be greater for adolescents compared with young adults. A…

Gross, Elisheva F.

2009-01-01

152

Communication Disorders in the School: Perspectives on Academic and Social Success an Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

The critical role of communication in schools cannot be understated. Communication skills are a necessity both in the academic and social atmosphere of the school environment. Unfortunately, there are a large number of children in the schools today identified with speech and language disorders. This special edition of "Psychology in the Schools"…

Thatcher, Karen L.; Fletcher, Kathryn; Decker, Blair

2008-01-01

153

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift tow...

Nair, T. R. Gopalakrishnan; Subramaniam, Kumarashvari

2012-01-01

154

Towards a Technology of Nonverbal Communication: Vocal Behavior in Social and Affective Phenomena  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nonverbal communication is the main channel through which we experience inner life of others, including their emotions, feelings, moods, social attitudes, etc. This attracts the interest of the computing community because nonverbal communication is based on cues like facial expressions, vocalizations, gestures, postures, etc. that we can perceive with our senses and can be (and often are) detected, analyzed and synthesized with automatic approaches. In other words, nonverbal communication can...

Mohammadi, Gelareh; Vinciarelli, Alessandro

2012-01-01

155

Refusing What We Are : Communicating Counter-Identities and Prefiguring Social Change in New Social Movements  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In an interview, Michel Foucault (1983: 336) said that the target today perhaps “is not to discover what we are but to refuse what we are… to promote new forms of subjectivity”. Protest actions by a range of new social movements have been studied extensively, but few studies have focused on the communicative practices and mediated actions in which new identities and forms of subjectivity are discursively produced, contingently achieved and made visible in situ. This paper investigates what Foucault called ‘counter-conducts’, practices in which alternative modes of subjectivation and of being governed are performed. Counter-conducts are intriguing to study because by questioning the conduct of their conduct, participants simultaneously question the relationship of the self to itself, playing with and risking identity in the process. The analysis of the United Nathans Weapons Inspections protest event draws upon Foucault’s later work, Mitchell Dean’s (2010) analytics of government and Nikolas Rose’s (1999) proposal for a genealogy of social movements in terms of the ethos of their alternative political imaginations. A first step in an analytics of protest is to uncover how fields of visibility, forms of knowledge, and subjectivities and identities are negotiated and collaboratively accomplished by the protestors and the people they encounter. Using ethnomethodological conversation analysis and membership categorisation analysis (EMCA), I examine how ‘counter-identities’ are achieved and made accountable in the interactional practices of prefigurative demonstrations and protest events. CA helps us document the ways in which fields of visibility and modes of rationality are sequentially organised, while MCA provides analytical tools to uncover the categorial work by which subjectivities and identities are morally accomplished in social interaction.

McIlvenny, Paul

156

Connecting Content, Context, and Communication in a Sixth-Grade Social Studies Class through Political Cartoons  

Science.gov (United States)

Sixth-grade students are challenged in understanding social studies content relevant to particular contexts, then connecting the content and context to their contemporary lives while communicating new knowledge to peers and teachers. Using political cartoons published after September 11, 2001, one sixth-grade social studies teacher designed…

Gallavan, Nancy P.; Webster-Smith, Angela; Dean, Sheila S.

2012-01-01

157

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES USE IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL SCIENCES TEACHING IN FOREIGN SCHOOL ???????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article the problem of information and communication technologies (ICT introduction into the social science branch is considered, the analysis of experience of the European countries is submitted; examples of ICT application in the subjects of social science cycle of general school are given.? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? (??? ? ????????????????? ?????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????, ?????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????????????? ????? ????????????????? ?????.

O.?. ?????????

2010-08-01

158

Learning through Interaction in Children with Autism: Preliminary Data from a Social-Communication-Based Intervention  

Science.gov (United States)

The study evaluates a social-communication-based approach to autism intervention aimed at improving the social interaction skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We report preliminary results from an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 51 children aged 2 years 0 months to 4 years 11 months. Participants were assigned to either a…

Casenhiser, Devin M.; Shanker, Stuart G.; Stieben, Jim

2013-01-01

159

On Cybersocialites. Networked Communication and Social Interaction in the Wired City of Blacksburg, VA, USA.  

Science.gov (United States)

The methodological sensibility that will lead to the consideration of the new forms of cybersociality is advanced. Cybersociality refers to the new expressions of "being together," sharing emotions, and communicating in networked social environments. Social interactions in the wired city of Blacksburg, Virginia are analyzed and three groups of…

Casalegno, Federico

2001-01-01

160

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Intervention Targeting Nonverbal Communication for Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome and Related Pervasive Developmental Delays.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated the effectiveness of an 8-week social skills intervention targeting nonverbal communication for eight adolescents with Asperger syndrome. Although minimal nonverbal communication skills development was apparent, some social relationships were developed and the ability of some participants to read the nonverbal communication of…

Barnhill, Gena P.; Cook, Katherine Tapscott; Tebbenkamp, Kelly; Myles, Brenda Smith

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Identical or Just Compatible? The Utility of Corporate Identity Values in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study explores whether companies embracing a corporate social responsibility agenda have a strategic focus on adapting and aligning their value systems to reflect such commitment. The analysis is based on empirical data and a conceptual model juxtaposing corporate values, corporate social responsibility values, and implementation to capture how the different configurations of these aspects may impact the communication carried out by corporations. The findings indicate that the companies in the data sample operate with two markedly different value systems. The coexistence of two value systems is discussed in relation to the reported difficulties that companies experience when facing the new and complex challenge of communicating corporate social responsibility.

Schmeltz, Line

2014-01-01

162

Social media and language learning: enhancing intercultural communicative competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Researchers have established that cultural openness is essential in language teaching. Indeed, it is believed that languages cannot be appropriately understood without appreciating the culture in which they are developed, and empathising with the people who communicate through them. However questions have been raised as to how to enhance awareness of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) most effectively. Teachers have implemented a number of educational methods with the aim to promote...

Le Baron-earle, Florence

2013-01-01

163

Web 2.0 and Network Society : -PR and Communication: The Challenge of Online Social Networks.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract As online social network services are becoming one of the dominant media channels the importance of disseminating messages through them is of high importance for governments, organizations, companies etc. The online social network services are several and changes rapidly as they grow and evolve. Being networks, the services give the user the tools to send, as well as receive text and information. This proposes us with yet another obstacle in communication via online social network se...

Tandefelt, Max

2008-01-01

164

The relationship of loneliness and social anxiety with children's and adolescents' online communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children and adolescents now communicate online to form and/or maintain relationships with friends, family, and strangers. Relationships in "real life" are important for children's and adolescents' psychosocial development; however, they can be difficult for those who experience feelings of loneliness and/or social anxiety. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in usage of online communication patterns between children and adolescents with and without self-reported loneliness and social anxiety. Six hundred twenty-six students ages 10 to 16 years completed a survey on the amount of time they spent communicating online, the topics they discussed, the partners they engaged with, and their purposes for communicating over the Internet. Participants were administered a shortened version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale and an abbreviated subscale of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A). Additionally, age and gender differences in usage of the online communication patterns were examined across the entire sample. Findings revealed that children and adolescents who self-reported being lonely communicated online significantly more frequently about personal and intimate topics than did those who did not self-report being lonely. The former were motivated to use online communication significantly more frequently to compensate for their weaker social skills to meet new people. Results suggest that Internet usage allows them to fulfill critical needs of social interactions, self-disclosure, and identity exploration. Future research, however, should explore whether or not the benefits derived from online communication may also facilitate lonely children's and adolescents' offline social relationships. PMID:20557247

Bonetti, Luigi; Campbell, Marilyn Anne; Gilmore, Linda

2010-06-01

165

Social Media for School Communication. Research into Practice  

Science.gov (United States)

It's easy to dismiss social media as a fascination of young people but to do so minimizes one of the fastest growing trends in technology. The Pew Internet and American Life Project recently found that over 71% of teens have a Facebook profile and 75% of adults have one too. Social media tools have become the way for a school or business to…

Williamson, Ronald

2012-01-01

166

Communication on Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development in France  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available France is located at the crossroads of major European cultural currents, between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean, his attention to the preservation of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development has evolved in recent years by taking several attempts and measures. Many studies were interested to evaluate the scope of social and environmental disclosure by using different measures; these criteria do not cover all features which can reflect all social and environmental concerns.We attempt to determine the level of corporate social responsibility disclosure in France by a new measure; it takes the form of an index; for this, we use a content analysis of annual reports in order to evaluate the items which describe the impact of firm activity on environment and community.Our findings show an acceptable level of social and environmental disclosure, in French companies, compared to others studies.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.61.3.1393

Lassaad Ben Mahjoub

2012-10-01

167

Improving the Social Communication Competence of Augmentative and Alternative Communication Users  

Science.gov (United States)

A repeated measures design was used to investigate the effect of group intervention on the teaching of partner-focused questions to people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), and the perceived communicative competence before and after intervention of the AAC users. Six participants who had severe speech impairments…

Wright, Sandra

2010-01-01

168

Los nuevos medios de comunicación social: las redes sociales / The new media for Social Communication: the social networking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Resumen: En el intercambio de testigo que están realizando los medios de comunicación tradicionales y las redes sociales no sólo se está produciendo una simple sustitución, ni tan siquiera una transmutuación como comúnmente se está queriendo entender. Como en todo proceso, están surgiendo nuevas propiedades que en el ámbito de la comunicación se relacionan con principios como la deslocalización, la imprevisión, la inmediatez o la interacción. Unas cualidades sobre las que reflex...

Antonio Pantoja Chaves

2011-01-01

169

ON INTEGRATED COURSE “SOCIAL AND SPEECH COMMUNICATIONS” FOR STUDENTS OF ART HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the experience in teaching the course “Social and Speech Communication”. As the result of training the students are to master the arsenal of means for effective communication, the base of which turns out to be linguistic communication and its bearer that is the language personality, get knowledge about complex processes of information exchange, discover the psychological peculiarities of verbal and non-verbal communication, learn how to communicate for solving professional and personal problems.The skill of fluent mastering all kinds of speech activity, the skill of correct and intellectual communication in various spheres and structures, the skill of speech event linguistic analysis including from the point of view of their esthetical value represent the unity of systemic and individual approach in the sphere of humanitarian training for future architects, designers and managers.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-43

Elena Nicolaevna Klemenova

2013-11-01

170

MARKETING COMMUNICATION IN ONLINE SOCIAL PROGRAMS: OHANIAN MODEL OF SOURCE CREDIBILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of the Internet as a medium for interaction with customers has resulted in many changes regarding the promotion of organizations. Online marketing is nowadays used not only to sell a product on the market, but also requires ideas and behavioral change. Non-profit organizations active in online communication are based on the quality of their provided information. Crediblity, attractiveness and usefullness are the key elements that provide effective online social programs. This paper aims to extend the scope of research in the field of social marketing by studying the Ohanian model in the online environment. The goal is to highlight the important theories and social models intrinsic to the online non-profit organizations’ communication. The results show that the efficiency of social programs depends on the level of incorporated elements of social theories in the design, content and structure of the website.

Serban Corina

2010-07-01

171

STor: Social Network based Anonymous Communication in Tor  

CERN Document Server

Anonymity networks hide user identities with the help of relayed anonymity routers. However, the state-of-the-art anonymity networks do not provide an effective trust model. As a result, users cannot circumvent malicious or vulnerable routers, thus making them susceptible to malicious router based attacks (e.g., correlation attacks). In this paper, we propose a novel social network based trust model to help anonymity networks circumvent malicious routers and obtain secure anonymity. In particular, we design an input independent fuzzy model to determine trust relationships between friends based on qualitative and quantitative social attributes, both of which can be readily obtained from existing social networks. Moreover, we design an algorithm for propagating trust over an anonymity network. We integrate these two components in STor, a novel social network based Tor. We have implemented STor by modifying the Tor's source code and conducted experiments on PlanetLab to evaluate the effectiveness of STor. Both s...

Zhou, Peng; Chen, Ang; Chang, Rocky K C

2011-01-01

172

The informed Practitioner: Communication between social scientists and practitioners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines interaction processes and knowledge exchange between social scientists and practitioners. We conducted semi-structured interviews with practitioners working in specified fields of practice who have been involved in sociological research projects - as subjects of investigation or as experts. These research projects focused on social integration and disintegration in different sectors of German society. The interviewed practitioners were working in sectors under scrutiny by ...

Hessler, Gudrun; Unzicker, Kai

2006-01-01

173

Communications in Movements. Social Movement as Agents of Participatory democracy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Literature on social movements, mass media and democracy have rarely interacted. More recently, however, in all three fields of knowledge, some opportunities for reciprocal learning and interactions developed, moved by some exogenous, societal changes as well as disciplinary evolution. The author argues that looking at the intersection of democracy, media and social movements could be particularly useful within a relational and constructivist, that takes normative positions by the different a...

Della Porta, Donatella

2011-01-01

174

Critical Communicative Methodology: Informing Real Social Transformation through Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The critical communicative methodology (CCM) is a methodological response to the dialogic turn of societies and sciences that has already had an important impact in transforming situations of inequality and exclusion. Research conducted with the CCM implies continuous and egalitarian dialogue among researchers and the people involved in the…

Gomez, Aitor; Puigvert, Lidia; Flecha, Ramon

2011-01-01

175

Communication technology and social media: opportunities and implications for healthcare systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic patient education and communications, such as email, text messaging, and social media, are on the rise in healthcare today. This article explores potential uses of technology to seek solutions in healthcare for such challenges as modifying behaviors related to chronic conditions, improving efficiency, and decreasing costs. A brief discussion highlights the role of technologies in healthcare informatics and considers two theoretical bases for technology implementation. Discussion focuses more extensively on the ability and advantages of electronic communication technology, such as e-mail, social media, text messaging, and electronic health records, to enhance patient-provider e-communications in nursing today. Effectiveness of e-communication in healthcare is explored, including recent and emerging applications designed to improve patient-provider connections and review of current evidence supporting positive outcomes. The conclusion addresses the vision of nurses' place in the vanguard of these developments. PMID:23036059

Weaver, Betsy; Lindsay, Bill; Gitelman, Betsy

2012-09-01

176

In-House Communication Support System Based on the Information Propagation Model Utilizes Social Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Almost all companies are now utilizing computer networks to support speedier and more effective in-house information-sharing and communication. However, existing systems are designed to support communications only within the same department. Therefore, in our research, we propose an in-house communication support system which is based on the “Information Propagation Model (IPM).” The IPM is proposed to realize word-of-mouth communication in a social network, and to support information-sharing on the network. By applying the system in a real company, we found that information could be exchanged between different and unrelated departments, and such exchanges of information could help to build new relationships between the users who are apart on the social network.

Takeuchi, Susumu; Teranishi, Yuuichi; Harumoto, Kaname; Shimojo, Shinji

177

The behaviour of young children with social communication disorders during dyadic interaction with peers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Children with social communication disorders are known to experience more problematic peer relations than typically-developing children. However, detailed observation of their behaviour and communication during interaction with peers has not previously been undertaken. Micro-analytic observational methods were used to analyse the audio-taped interaction of children (N=112) selected from mainstream schools (ages 5–6 years-old) on a computerised dyadic collaborative task. Comparisons were mad...

Murphy, Suzanne M.; Faulkner, Dorothy; Farley, Laura R.

2013-01-01

178

Communication and Social Deficits in Relatives of Individuals with SLI and Relatives of Individuals with ASD  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigate two aspects of the autism triad, communication and social difficulties, in relatives of specific language impairment (SLI) probands (with and without additional autistic symptomatology) as compared to relatives of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Down’s syndrome (DS) probands. Findings involving 726 first degree relatives of 85 SLI, 99 ASD and 36 DS probands revealed a higher rate of communication difficulties in relatives of both subgroups of SLI probands compared to ASD a...

Pickles, Andrew; St Clair, Michelle C.; Conti-ramsden, Gina

2013-01-01

179

Comunicación para el cambio social: clave del desarrollo participativo / Communication For Social Change: A Key For Participatory Development  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El artículo revisa los conceptos clave de la comunicación para el desarrollo y el cambio social desde sus orígenes, en los años posteriores a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, hasta nuestros días. Dos corrientes principales se distinguen durante las cinco d´cadas pasadas: por una parte, una comunicación in [...] spirada en las teorías de la modernización y en t´cnicas derivadas de las estrategias de información utilizadas por el gobierno de Estados Unidos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y por la industria norteamericana para publicitar sus productos comerciales; y por otra, una comunicación nacida de las luchas sociales anticoloniales y antidictatoriales del Tercer Mundo, que tienen su referente acad´mico en las teorías de la dependencia. Abstract in english This paper is a review of key concepts on communication for development and social change form its origins after World War ii, until today. Two main trends have dominated over the five last decades: on the one hand, communication models inspired by modernization theories and techniques derived from [...] the information strategies used by the us Government during World War ii and by the industrial sector struggling to position its post-war products; on the other, communication approaches that emerged in the heat of the social and political struggles against colonial and dictatorial powers imposed on Third World countries, which find their academic and conceptual reference points in the dependency theories.

ALFONSO, GUMUCIO-DRAGON.

180

New Tech, New Ties: : How mobile communication is reshaping social cohesion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The message of this book is simple: the mobile phone strengthens social bonds among family and friends. With a traditional land-line telephone, we place calls to a location and ask hopefully if someone is "there"; with a mobile phone, we have instant and perpetual access to friends and family regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions—those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family—sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present—and creates what he calls "bounded solidarity." Ling argues that mobile communication helps to engender and develop social cohesion within the family and the peer group. Drawing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Erving Goffman, and Randall Collins, Ling shows that ritual interaction is a catalyst for the development of social bonding. From this perspective, he examines how mobile communication affects face-to-face ritual situations and how ritual is used in interaction mediated by mobile communication. He looks at the evidence, including interviews and observations from around the world, that documents the effect of mobile communication on social bonding and also examines some of the other possibly problematic issues raised by tighter social cohesion in small groups.

Ling, Richard

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Good Communication: The Other Social Network for Successful IT Organizations  

Science.gov (United States)

Social networks of the electronic variety have become thoroughly embedded in contemporary culture. People have woven these networks into their daily routines, using Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, online gaming environments, and other tools to build and maintain complex webs of professional and personal relationships. Chief Information Officers…

Trubitt, Lisa; Overholtzer, Jeff

2009-01-01

182

Using Dyad-Specific Social Stories to Increase Communicative and Social Skills of Preschoolers with Hearing Loss in Self-Contained and Inclusive Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with profound hearing loss often do not have the same prelinguistic opportunities for social and communication interaction as peers with typical hearing and benefit from structured opportunities to learn these skills. This study examined the effect of two interventions to improve the communicative and social skills of four preschoolers…

Raver, Sharon A.; Bobzien, Jonna; Richels, Corrin; Hester, Peggy; Anthony, Nicole

2014-01-01

183

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand alone, it needs an effective media for its placement, one of them is packaging design. By using a Biskiz Susu packaging design as a case study, I try to analyze the design elements, like color, shape, brand, illustration/character, typography, and layout and then connect them with aspects like: the visual perception impact of packaging design and the importance in communicating Corporate Social Responsibility. For input information, I also discuss some consideration aspects of placing the contributor’s identity on the packaging. Based on this study, the contributor’s information in the products gives many advantages. The result shows that graphic design could be the effective element for communicating Corporate Social Responsibility and packaging design can be one of the recommended media for graphic design placement. Hopefully, this analysis could help a corporation, organization or the government in organizing the graphic design elements and considering a packaging as a medium to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR.

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

184

Second Life: A Strong Communication Tool in Social Networking and Business  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to present different communication methods in Second Life virtual world, its implication on social networking, business and future scope. The current study is a review of various literatures relating to social networking, virtual community, virtual reality and online business in Second Life. The study has shown the strong and competitive advantages of Second Life among other virtual worlds and the contributions it has made on real life through communication and its impact on social networking and online business opportunities in virtual environment. The outcome of the findings have real world implication and useful to policy makers, managers and leaders for sharing information and decision making. The Second Life virtual environment based on web 2.0 technology has opened a wide platform on social, behavioral and information system research.

Sharma Gajendra

2010-01-01

185

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process. We observe a high influence of ethics (humanistic and holistic ethics in the training, religious orientation as a factor considered to select the Communication studies.

Josep-Lluís del OLMO-ARRIAGA

2012-12-01

186

The Construction of Corporate Social Responsibility in Network Societies : A Communication View  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper introduces the communication view on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which regards CSR as communicatively constructed in dynamic interaction processes in today's networked societies. Building on the idea that communication constitutes organizations we discuss the potentially indeterminate, disintegrative, and conflictual character of CSR. We hereby challenge established mainstream views on CSR such as the instrumental view, which regards CSR as an organizational instrument to reach organizational aims such as improved reputation and financial performance, and the political-normative view on CSR, which highlights the societal conditions and role of corporations in creating norms. We argue that both the established views, by not sufficiently acknowledging communication dynamics in networked societies, remain biased in three ways: control-biased, consistency-biased, and consensus-biased. We discuss implications of these biases and propose a future research agenda for the communication view on CSR.

Schultz, Friederike; Castello, Itziar

2013-01-01

187

Modeling self-organization of communication and topology in social networks  

CERN Document Server

This paper introduces a model of self-organization between communication and topology in social networks, with a feedback between different communication habits and the topology. To study this feedback, we let agents communicate to build a perception of a network and use this information to create strategic links. We observe a narrow distribution of links when the communication is low and a system with a broad distribution of links when the communication is high. We also analyze the outcome of chatting, cheating, and lying, as strategies to get better access to information in the network. Chatting, although only adopted by a few agents, gives a global gain in the system. Contrary, a global loss is inevitable in a system with too many liars

Rosvall, M

2006-01-01

188

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand a...

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

189

Signaling and Reciprocity: Robust Decentralized Information Flows in Social, Communication, and Computer Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Complex networks exist for a number of purposes. The neural, metabolic and food networks ensure our survival, while the social, economic, transportation and communication networks allow us to prosper. Independently of the purposes and particularities of the physical embodiment of the networks, one of their fundamental functions is the delivery of information from one part of the network to another. Gossip and diseases diffuse in the social networks, ...

Galuba, Wojciech

2011-01-01

190

Mendeley: Teaching Scholarly Communication and Collaboration through Social Networking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teaching Mendeley achieves the impossible – it gets users excited to learn about organizing and citing their research articles. However, introducing Mendeley to students and faculty goes well beyond assisting them with organizing their references. Students are particularly apt to see the benefits that its social networking features offer, including promoting collaboration, identifying key resources, and facilitating group work. There are benefits for librarians too - the information it prov...

Macmillan, Don

2012-01-01

191

The evolution of honest communication: integrating social and physiological costs of ornamentation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much research on animal communication has addressed how costs such as social costs or physiological costs favor the accuracy of signals. Previous work has largely considered these costs separately, but we may be missing essential connections by studying costs in isolation. After all, social interactions produce rapid changes in hormone titers which can then affect individual behavior and physiology. As a result, social costs are likely to have widespread physiological consequences. Here, I present a new perspective on the factors that maintain honest signals by describing how the interplay between social costs and physiological costs may maintain an accurate link between an animal's abilities and ornament elaboration. I outline three specific mechanisms by which the interaction between social behavior and hormones could favor honest signals and present specific predictions for each of the three models. Then, I review how ornaments alter agonistic behavior, agonistic behavior influences hormones, and how these hormonal effects influence fitness. I also describe the few previous studies that have directly tested how ornaments influence hormones. Finally, opportunities for future work are discussed. Considering the interaction between social behavior and physiology may address some challenges associated with both social and physiological models of costs. Understanding the dynamic feedbacks between physiology and social costs has potential to transform our understanding of the stability of animals' communication systems. PMID:24944118

Tibbetts, Elizabeth A

2014-10-01

192

The impact of group therapy training on social communications of Afghan immigrants  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND: Mental training considers sharing of mental health care information as the primary objective. The secondary objectives include facilitating dialogue about feelings such as isolation, sadness, labeling, loneliness and possible strategies for confronting with these feelings. Group therapy trainings have supportive functioning in accepting the environment so that the members are able to be part of the indigenous groups. However, no study has been ever done on the impact of this educational method on the communication problems of this group. This study aimed to determine the impact of group therapy training on the communication problems of Afghan immigrants. METHODS: This was a clinical trial study. Eighty-eight Afghan men were investigated. Sampling method was simple sampling method. Thereafter, the study subjects were divided randomly into two groups of test and control based on the inclusion criteria. Data collection tool was a self-made questionnaire about the social problems. For analyzing the data, software SPSS, independent t-test and paired t-test were used. RESULTS: Reviewing the data indicated lower mean score of the social problems after implementing the group therapy training in social communication compared with before implementing the group therapy training. Paired t-test showed a significant difference between mean scores of the social communication problems before and after the implementation of group therapy training. CONCLUSIONS: Given the effectiveness of the intervention, group therapy training on social problems in social communication of Afghan immigrants is recommended. This program should be part of continuous education and training of the Afghan immigrants. PMID:22224098

Mehrabi, Tayebeh; Musavi, Tayebeh; Ghazavi, Zahra; Zandieh, Zahra; Zamani, Ahmadreza

2011-01-01

193

Social marketing-based communications to integrate and support the HEALTHY study intervention.  

Science.gov (United States)

The HEALTHY study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter, middle school-based, multifaceted intervention designed to reduce risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The study randomized 42 middle schools to intervention or control, and followed students from the sixth to the eighth grades. Participants were a racially, ethnically and geographically diverse cohort from across the United States. Here, we describe the conceptual underpinnings and design of the social marketing-based communications component of the HEALTHY study intervention that combined changes in the school nutrition and physical education (PE) environment with behavior change initiatives. The communications intervention component coordinated multiple elements to deliver campaigns that served to integrate and support all aspects of the HEALTHY intervention. The campaigns unfolded across five semesters of middle school, each targeting a specific theme related to the HEALTHY objectives. Communications campaigns comprised (1) core elements such as branding, posters, banners and visual and verbal messaging, (2) student events supporting the nutrition, PE and behavior intervention components through the application of social marketing and communications strategies, including the incorporation of student-generated media and (3) distribution of premiums and theme enhancers to extend the visibility of the study beyond the intervention environment. Formative research conducted with students, parents and school administrators was used to refine the communications strategy. Student peer communicators selected from the student body were involved to influence the normative student environment. Marketing and creative design experts developed a brand, logo, activities and materials. In the latter half of the study, student-generated messages and media were used to reflect local interests and culture and enhance peer influence. The HEALTHY intervention delivery and impact were strengthened by the communications strategies. The HEALTHY experience provides practical considerations for systematically incorporating a social marketing-based communications approach within future school-based health behavior interventions. PMID:19623190

DeBar, L L; Schneider, M; Ford, E G; Hernandez, A E; Showell, B; Drews, K L; Moe, E L; Gillis, B; Jessup, A N; Stadler, D D; White, M

2009-08-01

194

Supporting Communication for Parents with Intellectual Impairments: Communication Facilitation in Social Work Led Parenting Meetings  

Science.gov (United States)

People with intellectual impairments are recognised as having communication difficulties and even people with mild intellectual impairments can be challenged by complex language and limited literacy. The focus of this paper is parents who have learning disabilities, outlining a novel approach to support them in stressful case conference…

Matthews, Alison; Stansfield, Jois

2014-01-01

195

Influences of Ethnicity, Family Communication, and Media on Adolescents' Socialization to U.S. Politics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of social cognitive theory and the role of television focuses on a study that investigated the influences of ethnic group membership and family communication environment variables on adolescents' knowledge, efficacy, and values related to politics. Highlights include the nature of family influences via the media and effects of media…

Austin, Erica Weintraub; Nelson, C. Leigh

1993-01-01

196

Effects of Communication Competence and Social Network Centralities on Learner Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaborative learning has become a dominant learning apparatus for higher level learning objectives. Much of the psychological and social mechanisms operating under this complex group activity, however, is not yet well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of college students' communication competence and…

Jo, Il-Hyun; Kang, Stephanie; Yoon, Meehyun

2014-01-01

197

Social Routines and Language Play: Developing Communication Responses in Developmentally Delayed Blind Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social routines, which combined nursery rhymes with carefully planned action sequences, were used to help two young developmentally delayed, visually handicapped children acquire communicative responses. Midway through the 3-year project, one child responded to words for objects, people, and actions. (Author/SEW)

Rogow, Sally M.

1983-01-01

198

Communication and Energy Conservation: Social Status in a Tale of Two Cities.  

Science.gov (United States)

To explore the relationships among three sets of variables--social status, communication, and energy conserving behavior--405 respondents from a highly educated, upper income, largely white collar community and 333 respondents from a predominantly lower-middle and working class city were interviewed over the telephone. Questions were designed to…

McLeod, Jack; Glynn, Carroll J.; Griffin, Robert J.

199

Social communication in canids: evidence for the evolution of a stereotyped Mammalian display.  

Science.gov (United States)

The variability in the duration and form of the canid play bow was studied in infant coyotes, wolves, wolf-dog hybrids, beagles, and adult free-ranging dogs. Both duration and form showed marked stereotypy. It appears that the role of this context-specific social signal in the communication of play intention has been fostered by selection for "morphological" stereotypy. PMID:17836077

Bekoff, M

1977-09-01

200

Predicting Improvement in Social-Communication Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Retrospective Treatment Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Data from 1433 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) participating in the Simons Simplex Collection were examined to (1) investigate change in social-communication symptoms, and (2) examine predictors of improvement, particularly community-based treatments. Measures included the "Autism Diagnostic Interview--Revised"…

Mazurek, Micah O.; Kanne, Stephen M.; Miles, Judith H.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Exploring the Potential of Social Network Sites in Relation to Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the results of a project which used a social network site to support students on a year abroad and foster informal learning, particularly in the area of intercultural communication. The project employed a peer-mentoring structure to solve the problem of role conflict, in which users of these sites may feel some tension as…

Lang, Anouk

2012-01-01

202

Links between Co-Occurring Social-Communication and Hyperactive-Inattentive Trait Trajectories  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: There is overlap between an autistic and hyperactive-inattentive symptomatology when studied cross-sectionally. This study is the first to examine the longitudinal pattern of association between social-communication deficits and hyperactive-inattentive symptoms in the general population, from childhood through adolescence. We explored…

St. Pourcain, Beate; Mandy, William P.; Heron, Jon; Golding, Jean; Smith, George Davey; Skuse, David H.

2011-01-01

203

How Useful Is the Social Communication Questionnaire in Toddlers at Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a screening instrument with established validity against the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) in children aged 4 years and older. Indices of diagnostic accuracy have been shown to be strong in school-aged samples; however, relatively little is known about the performance of the…

Oosterling, Iris; Rommelse, Nanda; De Jonge, Maretha; Van Der Gaag, Rutger Jan; Swinkels, Sophie; Roos, Sascha; Visser, Janne; Buitelaar, Jan

2010-01-01

204

Effect of Alternative and Augmentative Communication on Language and Social Behavior of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Teaching children with autism is a challenging task for educators and parents, as the children display marked deficits in language and social behaviors. One of the major goals of an intervention program for children with autism is to provide them a method of functional communication and ample opportunities to practice these skills. For some…

Lal, Rubina

2010-01-01

205

Social Interactions of Students with Disabilities Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication in Inclusive Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the naturally occurring social interactions for students with disabilities who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in general education classrooms. We observed 16 students who used AAC and received services under the categories of autism or intellectual disability. Participants primarily…

Chung, Yun-Ching; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn G.

2012-01-01

206

Emotional Intelligence, Communication Competence, and Student Perceptions of Team Social Cohesion  

Science.gov (United States)

Students generally report poor experiences of group work in university settings. This study examines whether individual student perceptions of team social cohesion are determined by their level of emotional intelligence (EI) and whether this relationship is mediated by their communication skills. Business students (N = 273) completed the 16-item…

Troth, Ashlea C.; Jordan, Peter J.; Lawrence, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

207

Analysis of Retailers’Communication Approaches in Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reports  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the emergence of stakeholders’ societal awareness, retailers adopted different types of social actions and have recently begun to publish social reports to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and social responsibility in order to be perceived as good corporate citizens.The purpose of this paper is to analyze and to discuss approaches adopted by retailers in communicating about their societal commitment through their non-financial reports.Using a qualitative methodology, we found that these reports are purely informative for some retailers, whereas for others, they are a societal positioning tool allowing retailers to differentiate themselves from competitors.

MEJRI Mohamed

2012-03-01

208

Differential Associations between Sensory Response Patterns and Language, Social, and Communication Measures in Children with Autism or Other Developmental Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To examine patterns of sensory responsiveness (i.e., hyperresponsiveness, hyporesponsiveness, and sensory seeking) as factors that may account for variability in social-communicative symptoms of autism and variability in language, social, and communication skill development in children with autism or other developmental disabilities…

Watson, Linda R.; Patten, Elena; Baranek, Grace T.; Poe, Michele; Boyd, Brian A.; Freuler, Ashley; Lorenzi, Jill

2011-01-01

209

The Impact of the Advancing Social-Communication and Play (ASAP) Intervention on Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates an intervention targeting social-communication and play skills (Advancing Social-communication And Play; ASAP) implemented by school staff in a public preschool setting. With increases in enrollment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in school systems, establishing the effectiveness and feasibility of…

Dykstra, Jessica R.; Boyd, Brian A.; Watson, Linda R.; Crais, Elizabeth R.; Baranek, Grace T.

2012-01-01

210

The Private Communications of Magnetic Recording under Socialism (Retrospective Disco Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes the formation and development of a general model of rare sound records in the structure of institutions of a social communication. The author considers psychocomminicative features of the filophone communication as a special type of interaction in the field of entertainment. The author studied the causes and conditions of a tape subculture in the USSR. It is observed the dynamics of the disco-communication in limited information conditions from socialism till modern high-tech conditions.At the end of the article the author argues based achievements in the field of advanced technology systems, innovation revival in the industry of music-record. Hence, using innovative approaches in the study, the author sets out the basic concept of recording popular music as a special information and legal institution, in retrospect, the theory and practice of the future needs in the information society.

Oleg Vladimir Sineokij

2013-07-01

211

The Role of Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams : A Social Network Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The importance of communication and trust in the context of global virtual teams has been noted and reiterated in the information systems (IS) literature. Yet precisely how communication and trust influence certain outcomes within virtual teams remains unresolved. In this study, we seek to contribute some clarity to the understanding of the theoretical linkages among trust, communication, and member performance in virtual teams. To this end, we identify and test three proposed models (additive, interaction, and mediation) describing the role of trust in its relationship with communication to explain performance. In testing the relationships, we note that the concepts of communication and trust are inherently relational and not properties of individuals. Thus, we argue that a social network approach is potentially more appropriate than attribute-based approaches that have been utilized in prior research. Our results indicate that the "mediating" model best explains how communication and trust work together to influence performance. Overall, the study contributes to the existing body of knowledge on virtual teams by empirically reconciling conflicting views regarding the interrelationships between key constructs in the literature. Further, the study, through its adoption of the social network analysis approach, provides awareness within the IS research community of the strengths of applying network approaches in examining new organizational forms.

Sarker, Saonee; Ahuja, Manju

2011-01-01

212

Social participation of school-aged children who use communication aids: the views of children and parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social participation is crucial for children's development and well-being; however, little is known about the social participation of children who use communication aids. This article presents findings from interviews with eight 5- to 14-year-old children who used communication aids and their parents about social participation, communicative interactions, and peer relationships. Video- and audio-recordings were transcribed and analyzed using thematic content analysis, and five themes were identified. Two themes reflect parents' views: Communication partners and strategies and Access to aided communication. Three themes reflect perceptions expressed both by children and parents: Participation in society, Interaction opportunities, and Social relationships. The findings provide insights into both the achievements and the challenges experienced by young people who use aided communication. PMID:25115791

Batorowicz, Beata; Campbell, Fiona; von Tetzchner, Stephen; King, Gillian; Missiuna, Cheryl

2014-09-01

213

Taboo Communication and Social Change: Family Planning in Asia, and Some Suggested Modifications in the Classical Diffusion Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Taboo communication is examined in relation to its distinctive characteristics and its significance in inhibiting social change involving birth control in Asian and other countries. Taboo communication tends to occur between very high homophilous individuals, which poses problems for communications research. Research is inhibited when researchers…

Rogers, Everett M.

214

On building socially responsible printing: an Organizational Communication Based Study Carried out on Higher Education Institution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to analyze how organizational communication tools are used to manage printing, from both internal and external audiences, in what regards social responsibility in three Higher Education Institutions from Pernambuco (UFPE, FAFIRE, ASCES. In order to build our theoretical framework, we have used concepts from Printing Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Theory, Organi-zational Communication, Organizational Culture and Organizational Structure. With respect to culture, a system of representations and shared values emerges, according to Fischer’s Model (1996. This system influences and is influenced by the organizational structure. We present an overview of Higher Education Institutions and their role on building society, according to the argument presented by Calderón (2010. In this work we discuss the creation of socially responsible printing, through communication with the interested audien-ces, as suggested by the model proposed by Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997. The methodology chosen in this research work is a multiple case study. To this end, we have chosen three institutions, two located in Recife and one in Caruaru, cities in the state of Pernambuco. We have carried out a qualitative investigation. Thus, we have performed a field study with semi-structured interviews, document analysis, direct observations within the institutions in question, as well as indirect observation of photographs and videos. Amongst the results found, the actions performed were shown to be consistent with the management model and culture. The participants of the study have shown us that they are aware of the social role of Higher Education institutions, and have identified the students, professors, workers, students parents, associations, consumers and public service as the main stakeholders involved. Amongst the most commonly used strategies to build a socially responsible strategy, we can highlight exemplification and organizational pro-motion. Higher Education Institutions have shown consistency between Corporate Social Respon-sibility and their cultures and identities, insofar as they tend to communicate only what becomes practice. Our expectation is that this work can bring about knowledge that is relevant both to academia, in what regards the application and verification of theoretical models, as well as to communication and social responsibility managers, when they provide information about the social practices undertaken, as well as the printing management process that contributes to the image of a socially responsible Corporation.

Silvio Luiz Paula

2014-04-01

215

Communication practices in the social construction of health in an AIDS kesidence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical illness and well-being, while grounded in bodily and psychological experiences, are also constructed socially through communication practices. Significant symbols, rituals and myths, among other forms, converge to create shared meanings that help define the health/illness experience. This article first provides a conceptual framework for understanding how communication intertwines physical, psychological and collective worlds. This perspective is then contextualized by illustrating some communication practices within a residential facility for people with AIDS that help residents cope with the 'depression bind' created by the need to 'grieve efficiently' over the loss of fellow residents. In- depth interviews with residents uncover metaphors that describe this bind, the military and journey myths embedded in the language of 'fighting AIDS' and 'passing', and the remembering and 're membering' rituals of bereavement. These communication practices help residents grasp elusive meanings, discharge deep and contradictory feelings and manage the tensions of everyday life. PMID:22011999

Frey, L R; Adelman, M B; Query, J L

1996-07-01

216

Towards a Renaissance in Communication for Social Change Redefining the discipline and practice in the post ‘Arab Spring’ era  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Worldwide, we have experienced a resurgence in practices of bottom-up communication for social change, a plethora of agency in which voice, citizenship and collective action have centre stage as core values, principles and practices. This resurgence sparks a series of questions; How are these new calls for social change and their principles and communicative practices influencing and informing the thinking and practice of institutionalized communication for development and social change? And what are the underlying conceptual differences in the notions of action, participation and social change which inform the new generation of social movements, on one side, and the established field of communication for social change, on the other? These are the questions that drive this chapter.

Tufte, Thomas

2013-01-01

217

Study on Communication System of Social Risk Information on Nuclear Energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a new risk communication method for the construction of effective knowledge bases about 'safety and non-anxiety for nuclear energy', a study on new communication method of social risk information by means of electronic communication has been started, by noticing rapid expansion of internet usage in the society. The purpose of this research is to enhance the public acceptance to nuclear power in Japan by the following two aspects. The first is to develop the mutual communication system among the working persons involved in both the operation and maintenance activities for nuclear power plant, by which they will exchange their daily experiences to improve the safety conscious activities to foster 'safety culture' attitude. The other is the development of an effective risk communication system between nuclear society and the general publics about the hot issues of 'what are the concerned involved in the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste?' and 'what should we do to have social consensus to deal with this issue in future'. The authors' research plan for the above purpose is summarized as shown in Table 1. As the first step of the authors' three year research project which started from August 2003, social investigation by questionnaires by internet and postal mail, have been just recently conducted on their risk perception for the nuclear power for the people engaged in nuclear business and women in the metropolitan area, respectively, in order to obtain the relevant information on how and what should be considered for constructing effective risk communication methods of social risk information between the people within nuclear industries and the general public in society. Although there need to be discussed, the contrasting risk images as shown in Fig.1, can be depicted between the nuclear people and general public these days in Japan, from the results of the social investigation. As the conclusion of the authors' study thus far conducted, the contrasting risk perceptions by both the nuclear people and the general public which are shown in Fig. 1, will contribute to the authors' development of two risk communication systems as the next step of this research project, the one for 'Community network system to foster safety culture among nuclear workers', while the other for 'Affective risk communication network open to society'. (authors)

218

Social psychological determinants of mobile communication technology use and adoption : a comparison of three models to explain and predict mobile communication technology behavior  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This dissertation focuses on the social psychological determinants of mobile communication technology use and adoption in an attempt to better understand people’s behavior for adopting and using innovative information and communication technologies. In particular, this study emphasizes the comparison of three media use models to explain and predict media technology behavior from different theoretical perspectives.

Peters, Oscar

2007-01-01

219

Examining the relationship between business and society: Constructions, practices, and communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) among organizations in India  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This project investigates the (contested) phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Indian context. The study uses a metatheoretical lens of social constructionism and qualitative methods to examine participating organizations‘ constructions of CSR, the institutional context for CSR in India, and the perceived role of CSR communication. By employing a social constructionist perspective on how organizations make sense of CSR, this project advances a communicative understandi...

Chaudhri, Vidhi

2011-01-01

220

Using Blogs and Social Media in the Battle to Communicate Climate Change: Lessons from The Front Lines  

Science.gov (United States)

I will share insights that I have accumulated in my own communications and outreach efforts using different types of internet-based communication including blogs (i.e. the 'RealClimate' blog that I co-founded with other climate scientists), and social media tools such as Facebook and Twitter. I will discuss the complementary strengths and weaknesses of the different communication tools, and possible ways of exploiting them collectively as part of a more coordinated communication strategy.

Mann, M. E.

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

A sequential analysis of private and social speech in children's dyadic communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to perform a sequential analysis of private and social speech in children's dyadic communication. To investigate the communication patterns, a category system was applied to the communication of 64 paired third (M = 8 years and 8 months) and fifth (M = 10 years and 8 months) graders, while playing with a Lego-set (construction material). The results revealed that: (a) at both grades, when one child addresses the other child about the task, it is highly probable that the latter will address the first child immediately afterwards and will adapt to task-related semantic content; (b) at both grades, children's private speech about the task stops them from communicating a task-related production to their partner immediately afterwards; (c) at third grade, task-relevant private speech favors the prolongation of the break in interpersonal communication and the use of inner speech by both children; and (d) at fifth grade, children are more able to distinguish private speech from social speech than at third grade. PMID:12428477

Girbau, Dolors

2002-11-01

222

Social strategy games in communicating trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation in cities  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cities are becoming the locus of climate change policy and planning, both for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. These actions involve a number of trade-offs, including densification of the urban structure, concerns over social equity and the proper use of green infrastructure for adaptation. Many of these impacts are difficult to quantify and their interdependencies are often challenging to comprehend and communicate. There are a number of outstanding gaps in knowledge both in research and in practice in relation to how decisions are made between adaptation and mitigation strategies and what kinds of negative and positive synergies can be identified between them. This paper explores how social games can help people to communicate the trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation measures in an urban environment and examines the possibilities of using social gaming as a research method. Data was collected from Denmark, Finland and the US through organized gaming sessions. The conclusion of the study is that social games, although methodologically challenging, are a promising method to communicate complex planning problems.

Juhola, Sirkku; Driscoll, Patrick Arthur

2013-01-01

223

Apocalypse... Now? Molecular epidemiology, predictive genetic tests, and social communication of genetic contents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author analyzes the underlying theoretical aspects in the construction of the molecular watershed of epidemiology and the concept of genetic risk, focusing on issues raised by contemporary reality: new technologies, globalization, proliferation of communications strategies, and the dilution of identity matrices. He discusses problems pertaining to the establishment of such new interdisciplinary fields as molecular epidemiology and molecular genetics. Finally, he analyzes the repercussions of the social communication of genetic content, especially as related to predictive genetic tests and cloning of animals, based on triumphal, deterministic metaphors sustaining beliefs relating to the existence and supremacy of concepts such as 'purity', 'essence', and 'unification' of rational, integrated 'I's/egos'.

Castiel Luis David

1999-01-01

224

Teaching College Students Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume 23  

Science.gov (United States)

The book deals concretely with the most effective ways for educators to be social justice advocates, with questions about what it means to be a social justice advocate, and with the best communication strategies to advocate for a particular social justice view that might start and sustain an open dialogue. The book presents a number of practical…

Nash, Robert J., Ed.; Johnson, Richard Greggory, III, Ed.; Murray, Michele C., Ed.

2012-01-01

225

Increasing Integrated Workplace Social Interactions: The Effects of Job Modification, Natural Supports, Adaptive Communication Instruction, and Job Coach Training.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study involving an adult with severe mental retardation and other disabilities found that the addition of a communication device, job coach social facilitation training, and eliciting co-worker support for social integration increased the social interactions of the employee in a supported employment setting. (Contains references.) (CR)

Mautz, Denise; Storey, Keith; Certo, Nick

2001-01-01

226

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive communication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-01-01

227

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-06-01

228

A comparative study on communication structures of Chinese journals in the social sciences  

CERN Document Server

We argue that the communication structures in the Chinese social sciences have not yet been sufficiently reformed. Citation patterns among Chinese domestic journals in three subject areas -- political science and marxism, library and information science, and economics -- are compared with their counterparts internationally. Like their colleagues in the natural and life sciences, Chinese scholars in the social sciences provide fewer references to journal publications than their international counterparts; like their international colleagues, social scientists provide fewer references than natural sciences. The resulting citation networks, therefore, are sparse. Nevertheless, the citation structures clearly suggest that the Chinese social sciences are far less specialized in terms of disciplinary delineations than their international counterparts. Marxism studies are more established than political science in China. In terms of the impact of the Chinese political system on academic fields, disciplines closely r...

Zhou, Ping; Leydesdorff, Loet

2010-01-01

229

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-verbal Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's nonverbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social parameters factors with the empirical data from corpus analysis, we establish a model that predicts posture. The predictions from our model successfully demonstrate that both cultural background and social relationship moderate communicative non-verbal behaviors.

Akhter Lipi, Afia; Nakano, Yukiko; Rehm, Mathias

230

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

GHEORGHE ORZAN

2012-05-01

231

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

Gheorghe ORZAN

2012-11-01

232

Making sense of social media communications with chaos theory : beyond metaphors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction Social scientists have long been inspired by chaos theory to describe the complexities of organisational change (Wheatley, 1993; Burnes, 2004), entrepreneurship (Steyaert, 2007) or urban development (Batty & Xie, 1999) arguing that firms or regions are dynamic and unpredictable systems analogous to ecological systems in nature. The notions of phase shifts, feedback loops, strange attractors and bifurcations were borrowed as exotic metaphors to describe contingencies in social and business contexts without further ontological reflection. A similar pattern is observable in tourism research, offering a few conceptual papers which adopt complexity theories to describe destination development patterns (Russel & Faulkner, 2000, 2004; Zahra & Ryan 2007). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the validity of chaos theory in the context of strategic communications, where new (social) media has changed the marketing landscape beyond recognition. The exponential growth of social media platforms hasled to weakened marketer control (and greater consumer sovereignty) over information about organisations and their products. In this new communications paradigm (Muniz & Schau 2007), information is neither stable, controllable commodity nor a content that can be streamlined and circulated in strategically selected promotional mix channels. Borrowing a latourian term, information is a dynamic actant, a key source of structuration of cultural images of organisations and destinations. Marketers are horrified by the prospect of rumours roaming about and running loose in cyberspace (Meredith 2010), creating chaos and noise around neatly streamlined campaigns and brand messages. However, only a handful of such rumours grow to be significant to influence a great number of customers or spill over into mass media channels. Social media users serve as gatekeepers, opting for which fluctuations to pay attention to, which to ignore. The challenge is then to establish a framework of unfolding communication patterns on social media which can eventually explain the collective behaviour of bloggers, twitters and tripadvisors. Method The paper will analyse seemingly random and chaotic communication practices on social media by viewing them as complex adaptive systems described by Stacey (2003). CASs consist of a large number of agents or nodes, each triggered by their own principles and motives. They are also self-organising, as the pattern of behaviour in the system evolves or emerges from the local interaction and adjustments between the agents. Instead of channelled flow of information, the nodes of this network transmit information in all directions simultaneously. Our goal is model the patterns of sense-making in the interactions among community members as well as marketers, by tracking how single postings are weaved and developed into complex, collective stories. The empirical data collection will restrict itself on social media of performative festivals in Scandinavia, including blogs, fansites and other interactive platforms related to Way Out West (Gothenburg) and Roskilde Festival. We will adopt a systematic logging technique following netnographic observation methods (Kozinets, 2010). Findings/Discussion The discussion will critically review the basic assumptions and conceptual justification of analogies derived from chaos theory and attempts to establish a more operational framework in the light of the empirical findings. A model of nonlinear sensemaking processes is offered, based on our analysis of social media communications as complex adaptive systems. This is followed by an examination of the implications of the model for strategic communication and marketers in general. Conclusion The paper concludes that, the adoption of chaos theory approach may have significant benefits for the social sciences of tourism, however, we need to move forward from metaphorical illustrations to more rigorous empirical investigations to understand the complexity of new media communications. Key References Burnes. B. (2005). Complexity theory a

Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

233

Communication inequalities and public health implications of adult social networking site use in the United States.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media, and specifically social networking sites (SNSs), are emerging as an important platform for communication and health information exchange. Yet, despite the increase in popularity and use, only a limited number of empirical studies document which segments of the adult population are and are not using social networking sites and with what, if any, affect on health. The purpose of this study is to identify potential communication inequalities in social networking site use among a representative sample of U.S. adults and to examine the association between SNS use and psychological well-being. We analyzed data from the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Thirty-five percent of online adults reported SNS use within the past 12 months, and there were no significant differences in SNS use by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic position. Younger age (p = .00) was the most significant predictor of SNS use, while being married (p = .02) and having a history of cancer (p = .02) were associated with a decreased odds of SNS use. SNS use was significantly associated with a 0.80 (p = .00) increment in psychological distress score after controlling for other factors. The absence of inequalities in adult SNS use across race/ethnicity and class offers some support for the continued use of social media to promote public health efforts; however, issues such as the persisting digital divide and potential deleterious effects of SNS use on psychological well-being need to be addressed. PMID:21154095

Kontos, Emily Z; Emmons, Karen M; Puleo, Elaine; Viswanath, K

2010-01-01

234

Active music classes in infancy enhance musical, communicative and social development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies suggest that musical training in children can positively affect various aspects of development. However, it remains unknown as to how early in development musical experience can have an effect, the nature of any such effects, and whether different types of music experience affect development differently. We found that random assignment to 6 months of active participatory musical experience beginning at 6 months of age accelerates acquisition of culture-specific knowledge of Western tonality in comparison to a similar amount of passive exposure to music. Furthermore, infants assigned to the active musical experience showed superior development of prelinguistic communicative gestures and social behaviour compared to infants assigned to the passive musical experience. These results indicate that (1) infants can engage in meaningful musical training when appropriate pedagogical approaches are used, (2) active musical participation in infancy enhances culture-specific musical acquisition, and (3) active musical participation in infancy impacts social and communication development. PMID:22490179

Gerry, David; Unrau, Andrea; Trainor, Laurel J

2012-05-01

235

THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SOCIAL DIALOG MANAGEMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The quality and the efficiency of all the activities developed in the field of the social dialog management are dependent, in great measure by the quality of the communications relations between the involved actors. The increase of the importance of the social dialog is reflected at the level of hundreds of multicultural companies that try to develop a new type of management - the one that has the capacity and the ability of orqestrating the productive combination of individuals and of the efficient functioning within these new cultures. In planning a communications process which is destined to a international auditorium we must analyze every component of this with the purpose of pushing away every barrier of background noise that would alter the desired results.

LUIGI DUMITRESU

2010-01-01

236

Scientific Story Telling & Social Media The role of social media in effectively communicating science  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific discourse generally takes place in appropriate journals, using the language and conventions of science. That's fine, as long as the discourse remains in scientific circles. It is only outside those circles that the rules and techniques of engaging social media tools gain importance. A young generation of scientists are eager to share their experiences by using social media, but is this effective? And how can we better integrate all outreach & media channels to engage general audiences? How can Facebook, Twitter, Skype and YouTube be used as synergy tools in scientific story telling? Case: during IODP Expedtion 342 (June-July 2012) onboard the scientific drillship JOIDES Resolution an onboard educator and videographer worked non-stop fort two months on an integrated outreach plan that tried and tested the limits of all social media tools available to interact with an international public while at sea. The results are spectacular!

Brinkhuis, D.; Peart, L.

2012-12-01

237

Human sensorimotor communication: a theory of signaling in online social interactions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the importance of communication is recognized in several disciplines, it is rarely studied in the context of online social interactions and joint actions. During online joint actions, language and gesture are often insufficient and humans typically use non-verbal, sensorimotor forms of communication to send coordination signals. For example, when playing volleyball, an athlete can exaggerate her movements to signal her intentions to her teammates (say, a pass to the right) or to feint an adversary. Similarly, a person who is transporting a table together with a co-actor can push the table in a certain direction to signal where and when he intends to place it. Other examples of "signaling" are over-articulating in noisy environments and over-emphasizing vowels in child-directed speech. In all these examples, humans intentionally modify their action kinematics to make their goals easier to disambiguate. At the moment no formal theory exists of these forms of sensorimotor communication and signaling. We present one such theory that describes signaling as a combination of a pragmatic and a communicative action, and explains how it simplifies coordination in online social interactions. We cast signaling within a "joint action optimization" framework in which co-actors optimize the success of their interaction and joint goals rather than only their part of the joint action. The decision of whether and how much to signal requires solving a trade-off between the costs of modifying one's behavior and the benefits in terms of interaction success. Signaling is thus an intentional strategy that supports social interactions; it acts in concert with automatic mechanisms of resonance, prediction, and imitation, especially when the context makes actions and intentions ambiguous and difficult to read. Our theory suggests that communication dynamics should be studied within theories of coordination and interaction rather than only in terms of the maximization of information transmission. PMID:24278201

Pezzulo, Giovanni; Donnarumma, Francesco; Dindo, Haris

2013-01-01

238

Exploring a Model of Symbolic Social Communication: The Case of ‘Magic’ Johnson  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose a model of symbolic social communication to explain the process whereby sociocultural identity mediates relationships among receivers, sources and messages to shape message effects. This exploratory study examines how two at-risk groups of African American men responded to various HIV prevention messages delivered by celebrity and professional sources. We interviewed 47 men from a homeless shelter and 50 male college students. Members of both groups were likely to select Johnson as...

Flora, June A.; Schooler, Caroline; Mays, Vickie M.; Cochran, Susan D.

1996-01-01

239

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use. Methods This paper assesses the reach of selected radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS and of communications about the socially marketed Maximum condoms in Zambia, as well as their impact on condom use, using data from the 2001–2002 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. To control for self-selection and endogeneity, we use a two-stage regression model to estimate the effect of program exposure on the behavioural outcomes. Results Those who were exposed to radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS were more likely to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.16 for men and 1.06 for women. Men highly exposed to Maximum condoms social marketing communication were more likely than those with low exposure to the program to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.48, and to have used a condom at their last sexual intercourse (OR = 1.23. Conclusion Findings suggest that the reproductive health and social marketing campaigns in Zambia reached a large portion of the population and had a significant impact on condom use. The results suggest that future reproductive health communication campaigns that invest in radio programming may be more effective than those investing in television programming, and that future campaigns should seek to increase their impact among women, perhaps by focusing on the specific constrains that prevent females from using condoms.

Meekers Dominique

2007-12-01

240

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE EXPERT’S COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The social and cultural aspect of the development of the expert’s communicative competence is discussed in the given paper.Objective: analysis of value orientations of modern public officers, study of their communicative competence.Scope of the results application: the acquired data allows to use the revealed peculiarities of the public officers value orientations for “soft” reforming of a training system of public officers.Results. The designed module educational programme of developing the communicative competence was tested and implemented in further vocational training courses of public and municipal officers in 2012-2013.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-50

Alexei Vasilevich Seliverstov

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
241

Narrativas transmídia: diversidade social, discursiva e comunicacional / Transmedia narratives: Social Diversity, Discourse and Communication / Narrativas transmedia: diversidad social, discursiva y comunicacional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os processos comunicacionais vivenciam hoje uma revolução no campo estrutural e no campo das linguagens. Tais mudanças são resultantes de comportamentos e subsídios comunicacionais ofertados para a sociedade contemporânea, como as redes sociais e a mobilidade. Porém, a comunicação ainda não abarcou [...] tais mudanças por completo, apesar dos estudos que contemplam a narrativa transmídia. Este artigo oferece, a partir de um estudo de caráter reflexivo e investigativo, discussões sobre a narrativa transmídia como linguagem social na ficção e no jornalismo. Esperamos, a partir deste estudo, oferecer subsídios sobre novas pesquisas acerca do tema. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los procesos de comunicación experimentan una revolución en el campo estructural y en el de las lenguas. Estos cambios son el producto de comportamientos y contribuciones comunicacionales ofrecidos a la sociedad contemporánea; por ejemplo, redes sociales y movilidad. Sin embargo, l [...] a comunicación no asimiló tales cambios por completo, a pesar de los estudios que tienen en cuenta la narrativa transmedia. Basado en un estudio reflexivo e investigativo, este artículo ofrece análisis acerca de la narrativa transmedia como lenguaje social en la ficción y el periodismo. Esperamos contribuir con nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema. Abstract in english The current communicational process experiences a revolution in both the structural fields and those of the languages. Such changes are the result of communication behaviors and contributions offered to contemporary society, such as social networking and mobility. However, communication has not full [...] y embraced these changes, despite of studies related to the transmedia storytelling. This paper is a reflective and investigative discussion about transmedia strorytelling as social language either in fiction and journalism. Hopefully, this study may also provide insights to new researches regarding this subject.

Denis, Porto-Renó; Andréa Cristina, Versuti; Elizabeth, Moraes-Gonçalves; Vicente, Gosciola.

2011-12-01

242

Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, education, and gender. The results of the regarding empirical studies may be summarised as such: teenager with low (formal education especially use internet services embracing 'entertainment, play and fun' while higher educated teenagers (also prefer intellectually more demanding and particularly services supplying a greater variety of communicative and informative activities. More generally, pedagogical and sociological studies investigating "digital divide" in a dif-ferentiated and sophisticated way - i.e. not only in terms of differences between those who do have access to the Internet and those who do not - suggest that the internet is no space beyond 'social reality' (e.g. DiMaggio & Hargittai 2001, 2003; Vogelgesang, 2002; Welling, 2003. Different modes of utilisation, that structure the internet as a social space are primarily a specific contextualisation of the latter - and thus, the opportunities and constraints in virtual world of the internet are not less than those in the 'real world' related to unequal distribu-tions of material, social and cultural resources as well as social embeddings of the actors involved. This fact of inequality is also true regarding the outcomes of using the internet. Empirical and theoretical results concerning forms and processes of networking and commu-nity building - i.e. sociability in the internet, as well as the social embeddings of the users which are mediated through the internet - suggest that net based communication and infor-mation processes may entail the resource 'social support'. Thus, with reference to social work and the task of compensating the reproduction of social disadvantages - whether they are medial or not - the ways in which teenagers get access to and utilize net based social sup-port are to be analysed.

2004-05-01

243

EarthScope's Education, Outreach, and Communications: Using Social Media from Continental to Global Scales  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media has emerged as a popular and effective form of communication among all age groups, with nearly half of Internet users belonging to a social network or using another form of social media on a regular basis. This phenomenon creates an excellent opportunity for earth science organizations to use the wide reach, functionality and informal environment of social media platforms to disseminate important scientific information, create brand recognition, and establish trust with users. Further, social media systems can be utilized for missions of education, outreach, and communicating important timely information (e.g., news agencies are common users). They are eminently scaleable (thus serving from a few to millions of users with no cost and no performance problem), searchable (people are turning to them more frequently as conduits for information), and user friendly (thanks to the massive resources poured into the underlying technology and design, these systems are easy to use and have been widely adopted). They can be used, therefore, to engage the public interactively with the EarthScope facilities, experiments, and discoveries, and continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify scientific advancement. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) is launching an effort to utilize social media to broaden its impact as a conduit between scientists, facilities, educators, and the public. The ESNO will use the opportunities that social media affords to offer high quality science content in a variety of formats that appeal to social media users of various age groups, including blogs (popular with users 18-29), Facebook and Twitter updates (popular with users ages 18-50), email updates (popular with older adults), and video clips (popular with all age groups). We will monitor the number of "fans" and "friends" on social media and networking pages in order to gauge the increase in the percentage of the user population visiting the site. We will also use existing tools available on social media sites to track the relationships between users who visit or "friend" the site to determine how knowledge of the site is transferred amongst various social, educational or geographic groups. Finally, we will use this information to iteratively improve the variety of content and media on the site to increase our user pool, improve EarthScope recognition, and provide appropriate and user-specific Earth science information, especially for time sensitive events of wide interest such as natural disasters.

Bohon, W.; Frus, R.; Arrowsmith, R.; Fouch, M. J.; Garnero, E. J.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W. L.

2011-12-01

244

Actualidad y desafíos de la comunicación para el cambio social Formación y requerimientos de los profesionales de la comunicación / Current challenges in Communication for Social Change Educational requirements for professionals in Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito fundamental de este trabajo es tomar como referencia los postulados de la comunicación para el cambio social y reflexionar críticamente respecto a la formación de comunicadores sociales en Chile, y cómo asumir, desde esa crítica, una nueva propuesta teórico-metodológica que permita entr [...] egar herramientas en los diseños curriculares, para proporcionar a quienes se están formando, un adecuado contexto sociocultural en comunicación. En el ámbito praxeológico, la comunicación para el cambio social, la comunicación para el desarrollo o la comunicación participativa y la comunicación alternativa, aun cuando Chile cuenta con importantes referentes históricos, están ausentes de los espacios formativos y reflexivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to take the postulates of Communication for Social Change as a reference and, within this framework, proceed with a critical reflection on the education received by social communicators in Chile; from here, we venture a new theoretical and methodological proposal wh [...] ereby tools for curricular design are presented in order to offer students an adequate socio-cultural context vis-à-vis communication. In praxeological terms, in Chile, and in spite of the fact that the country has important historical references, Communication for Social Change, Communication for Development, and/or Participative and Alternative Communication are still in want in most educational spaces.

ANTONIETA, MUÑOZ-NAVARRO; CARLOS, DEL VALLE ROJAS.

245

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

CERN Document Server

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "informational" use of Facebook is still significant, nonprofit organizations are better at using Facebook to strategically engage their stakeholders via "dialogic" and "community-building" practices than they have been with traditional websites. The adoption of social media seems to have engendered new paradigms of public engagement.

Saxton, Gregory D; Chiu, I-Hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

246

Information and communication technology as a tool for improving physical and social activity of the elderly  

Science.gov (United States)

Information and communication technologies (ICT) can enrich elderly people’s lives in various ways. The objective of this interventional quasi-experimental research study among elderly people in Slovenia and Finland is to present associations and relations between computer/Internet use, physical activity and social inclusion before and after a ICT interaction. The first study (before interaction) included 58 (M=72,41) and the second study (after interaction) 45 (M=72,96) elderly people. The results showed an increased level of social inclusion and physical activity by the elderly after becoming acquainted with ICT. Additionally, through ICT interaction, the elderly people developed new friendships and so expanded their social networks, which they also found easier to maintain with support from ICT. PMID:24199042

Blazun, Helena; Saranto, Kaija; Kokol, Peter; Vosner, Janez

2012-01-01

247

Reinforced communication and social navigation: remember your friends and remember yourself  

CERN Document Server

In social systems, people communicate with each other and form groups based on their interests. The pattern of interactions, the network, and the ideas that flow on the network naturally evolve together. Researchers use simple models to capture the feedback between changing network patterns and ideas on the network, but little is understood about the role of past events in the feedback process. Here we introduce a simple agent-based model to study the coupling between peoples' ideas and social networks, and better understand the role of history in dynamic social networks. We measure how information about ideas can be recovered from information about network structure and, the other way around, how information about network structure can be recovered from information about ideas. We find that it is in general easier to recover ideas from the network structure than vice versa.

Mirshahvalad, Atieh

2011-01-01

248

Utility of the "Social Communication Questionnaire-Current" and "Social Responsiveness Scale" as Teacher-Report Screening Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Limited research exists regarding the role of teachers in screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The current study examined the use of the "Social Communication Questionnaire" (SCQ) and "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS) as completed by parents and teachers about school-age children from the Simons Simplex Collection. Using the…

Schanding, G. Thomas, Jr.; Nowell, Kerri P.; Goin-Kochel, Robin P.

2012-01-01

249

Applying social marketing in health care: communicating evidence to change consumer behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social marketing uses commercial marketing strategies to change individual and organizational behavior and policies. It has been effective on a population level across a wide range of public health and health care domains. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of social marketing in changing health care consumer behavior through its impact on patient-provider interaction or provider behavior. Social marketers need to identify translatable strategies (e.g., competition analysis, branding, and tailored messages) that can be applied to health care provider and consumer behavior. Three case studies from social marketing illustrate potential strategies to change provider and consumer behavior. Countermarketing is a rapidly growing social marketing strategy that has been effective in tobacco control and may be effective in countering pharmaceutical marketing using specific message strategies. Informed decision making is a useful strategy when there is medical uncertainty, such as in prostate cancer screening and treatment. Pharmaceutical industry marketing practices offer valuable lessons for developing competing messages to reach providers and consumers. Social marketing is an effective population-based behavior change strategy that can be applied in individual clinical settings and as a complement to reinforce messages communicated on a population level. There is a need for more research on message strategies that work in health care and population-level effectiveness studies. PMID:18556638

Evans, W Douglas; McCormack, Lauren

2008-01-01

250

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths - rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations - make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of 'altmetrics' to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist's tool kit. PMID:23845168

Osterrieder, Anne

2013-01-01

251

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths – rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations – make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of ‘altmetrics’ to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist’s tool kit. PMID:23845168

2013-01-01

252

El videojuego en red social: un nuevo modelo de comunicación / Videojuego in social network: a new model of communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: Los videojuegos en las redes sociales son la combinación de una evolución paralela, por un lado el desarrollo del entretenimiento y las interfaces interactivas y, por otro, la evolución de los nuevos medios de comunicación, con Internet a la cabeza. Pasando por el correo electrónico y desarrollándose en múltiples direcciones, parece que las redes sociales se han convertido en el actual estándar de comunicación social, no solo en entornos grupales, sino de transmisión de información masiva de un modo viral. Una estructura no jerarquizada que ha conseguido atraer a más de 600 millones de usuarios y, con ellos, un enorme negocio. Como otros tantos, el videojuego se adentra en estos sites, un entorno que le es natural en un principio, recogiendo los frutos de los juegos multijugador masivos, pero pronto se enriquece adaptándose al medio y creando nuestras estructuras comunicacionales adecuadas a una nueva y desconocida situación. Como en otras aplicaciones de las TIC en ámbitos educativos, el videojuego puede ser utilizado con estos fines; no sólo con proyectos infantiles ni programas interactivos dedicados a la enseñanza, sino como videojuegos intrínsecamente. Casos como los serious games nos muestran las enormes posibilidades que tienen a distintos niveles. Para el caso de los videojuegos sociales, las opciones pedagógicas multiplican sus posibilidades al acceder a un público masivo con estructuras que, si bien pueden alejarse de los clásicos procedimientos educativos, sí que se fundamentan sobre estas bases ya que permiten una distribución rápida, barata y de acceso sencillo, sin que representen para el usuario una carga, sino un aprendizaje pasivo. Por ello, es importante preguntarse cómo se desarrolla un videojuego social, cuál es su narrativa, cómo se comportan los individuos ante él y, sobre todo, cómo podemos orientarlo hacia nuestros objetivos.Abstract: Videogames in social networks are a combination of a parallel evolution on the one hand the development of entertainment and interactive interfaces, and the evolution of new media, Internet to the head. Via email and develop in many directions, it seems that social networks have become the current standard of social communication, not only in group settings, but mass transmission of a viral way. Anon-hierarchical structure that has attracted more than 600 million users and with them, a huge business. As many others, the game goes into these sites, an environment that is natural at first, reaping the benefits of massively multiplayer games, but quickly adapting to the environment enriches our structures and creating appropriate communication to a new and unfamiliar situation .As in other applications of ICT in educational settings, the game can be used for this purpose, not only interactive children's projects and programs dedicated to teaching, but as games intrinsically. Cases such as serious games show the enormous possibilities that are at different levels. In the case of social gaming, educational options multiply their possibilities to access a massive public structure, although they may move away from traditional educational procedures, it is indeed based on these bases because they allow rapid deployment, cheap and easy access, without posing a burden to the user, but a passive learning. It is therefore important to ask how to develop a social game, what his narrative is, how individuals behave before it and, how we can guide you toward our goals.

Francisco Ignacio Revuelta Domínguez

2012-07-01

253

Indirect decentralized repetitive control  

Science.gov (United States)

Learning control refers to controllers that learn to improve their performance at executing a given task, based on experience performing this specific task. In a previous work, the authors presented a theory of indirect decentralized learning control based on use of indirect adaptive control concepts employing simultaneous identification and control. This paper extends these results to apply to the indirect repetitive control problem in which a periodic (i.e., repetitive) command is given to a control system. Decentralized indirect repetitive control algorithms are presented that have guaranteed convergence to zero tracking error under very general conditions. The original motivation of the repetitive control and learning control fields was learning in robots doing repetitive tasks such as on an assembly line. This paper starts with decentralized discrete time systems, and progresses to the robot application, modeling the robot as a time varying linear system in the neighborhood of the desired trajectory. Decentralized repetitive control is natural for this application because the feedback control for link rotations is normally implemented in a decentralized manner, treating each link as if it is independent of the other links.

Lee, Soo Cheol; Longman, Richard W.

1993-01-01

254

Developmental pathways of language and social communication problems in 9-11 year olds: unpicking the heterogeneity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper addressed relations between language, social communication and behaviour, and their trajectories, in a sample of 9-11-year-olds (n=91) who had been referred to clinical services with concerns about language as pre-schoolers. Children were first assessed at 2½-4 years, and again 18 months later. Results revealed increasing differentiation of profiles across time. By 9-11 years, 11% of the sample had social communication deficits, 27% language impairment, 20% both, and 42% neither. The size of group differences on key language and social communication measures was striking (2-3 standard deviations). Social communication deficits included autistic mannerisms and were associated with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBDs); in contrast, language impairment was associated with hyperactivity only. Children with both language and social communication problems had the most severe difficulties on all measures. These distinct school-age profiles emerged gradually. Investigation of developmental trajectories revealed that the three impaired groups did not differ significantly on language or SEBD measures when the children were first seen. Only low performance on the Early Sociocognitive Battery, a new measure of social responsiveness, joint attention and symbolic understanding, differentiated the children with and without social communication problems at 9-11 years. These findings suggest that some children who first present with language delay or difficulties have undetected Autism Spectrum Disorders which may or may not be accompanied by language impairment in the longer term. This new evidence of developmental trajectories starting in the preschool years throws further light on the nature of social communication and language problems in school-age children, relations between language impairment and SEBDs, and on the nature of early language development. PMID:25005063

Roy, P; Chiat, S

2014-10-01

255

Integrating Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Peer Support for Students with Disabilities: A Social-Ecological Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this review was to examine the degree to which augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention research included students with disabilities and their peers as part of the intervention. Given the shift in the field toward a social-ecological framework of disability, incorporating natural communication partners into…

Fisher, Kimberly Wolowiec; Shogren, Karrie A.

2012-01-01

256

Integration of social aspects in radiation protection. The AIRP Work group on communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation protection has never been confined just to its scientific and quantitative aspects as it also incorporates a real and proper social factor. In most developed countries, considerations on the social and ethical issues of radiation protection and discussions on the approaches to stakeholder involvement are in a state of positive turmoil. Scientific and practical experts are identifying and promoting dialogue procedures, embracing ethical and social aspects, and are moving together to add to their experience in new and improved practices for the decision-making process. In early 2006, the Italian Radiation Protection Association (AIRP) set up a workgroup for the purpose of: 1-) Promoting dialogue among RP experts, experts in other disciplines, national and local authorities and the public, in relation to social awareness issues in the fields of ionising and non-ionising radiation protection; 2-) Promoting reflection on the mutual interactions between radiation protection and society; 3-) Contributing to the development and diffusion in the RP community of the culture of stakeholder engagement in the decision-making process. Aiming at promoting continual dialogue between the radiation protection community and society, an initial meeting was held in June 2006 on the fundamentals and objectives of RP communication, by focusing on issues such as: the credibility of information sources, the role of the mass media and institutions in risk communication. A workshop was held in November 2006 on the social aspects of radiation protection: experts in scientific journalism, sociology and medical physics, representatives of consumer associations, participants in a Government task commission, local authorities and representatives of the leading local and national institutions involved in RP, were given the opportunity of communicating and discussing the main socially-sensitive aspects of RP. The work of the AIRP group continued in 2007 with two events related on the ethical, social and legal aspects of radioactive waste management. In 2008, we intend to support the growth of RP culture in society by organizing an event concerning the various aspects of radiation protection education and information for non professionals. To invite suggestions and obtain new points of view, the group has opened a website and prepared a basic questionnaire. The AIRP workgroup is constantly creating the conditions and opportunities for extending knowledge about radiation protection and involving society as a whole in extensive debate concerning risk management. (author)

257

Energy saving, social and government communication; Ahorrro de energia, sociedad y comunicacion gubernamental  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The actions for the energy efficiency and the utilization of renewable energies are multiple and dispersed, in each one of the energy consumption points of the country. For this reason, two important factors to foment these actions are to promote the social participation and the effective government communication towards the society: energy saving and social participation. One of the main faculties of the National Commission of Energy Saving (CONAE) is to foment the efficiency in the energy use, through actions coordinated with the different agencies and organizations of the Federal Public Administration, with the governments of the federal entities and the municipalities and, through coordinated operations, with the private and social sectors. The CONAE has established mechanisms of coordination and cooperation with the private and social sectors, having fomented programs, projects and actions whose purpose is the energy efficiency, outstanding: 1) Committees and work groups; 2) Cooperation Agreements; 3) the Advisory Council for the Foment of Renewable Energy. [Spanish] Las acciones para la eficiencia energetica y el aprovechamiento de las energias renovables son multiples y dispersas, en cada uno de los puntos de consumo de energia del pais. Por ello, dos factores importantes para fomentar estas acciones son promover la participacion social y la comunicacion gubernamental eficaz hacia la sociedad: Ahorro de energia y participacion social. Una de las principales facultades de la Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia es fomentar la eficiencia en el uso de energia, a traves de acciones coordinadas con las diversas dependencias y entidades de la Administracion Publica Federal, con los gobiernos de las entidades federativas y de los municipios y, a traves de acciones concertadas, con los sectores social y privado. La CONAE ha establecido mecanismos de coordinacion y de cooperacion con los sectores privado y social, fomentando programas, proyectos y acciones cuyo proposito es la eficiencia energetica, destacado: 1) Comites y grupos de trabajo; 2) Convenios de Cooperacion; 3) el Consejo Consultivo de Fomento de la Energia Renovables.

Morales Camarena, Francisco [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2001-07-01

258

Social participation and healthy ageing: a neglected, significant protective factor for chronic non communicable conditions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Low and middle income countries are ageing at a much faster rate than richer countries, especially in Asia. This is happening at a time of globalisation, migration, urbanisation, and smaller families. Older people make significant contributions to their families and communities, but this is often undermined by chronic disease and preventable disability. Social participation can help to protect against morbidity and mortality. We argue that social participation deserves much greater attention as a protective factor, and that older people can play a useful role in the prevention and management of chronic conditions. We present, as an example, a low-cost, sustainable strategy that has increased social participation among elders in Sri Lanka. Discussion Current international policy initiatives to address the increasing prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases are focused on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory disease and cancers, responsible for much premature mortality. Interventions to modify their shared risk factors of high salt and fat diets, inactivity, smoking and alcohol use are advocated. But older people also suffer chronic conditions that primarily affect quality of life, and have a wider range of risk factors. There is strong epidemiological and physiological evidence that social isolation, in particular, is as important a risk factor for chronic diseases as the 'lifestyle' risk factors, yet it is currently neglected. There are useful experiences of inexpensive and sustainable strategies to improve social participation among older people in low and lower middle income countries. Our experience with forming Elders' Clubs with retired tea estate workers in Sri Lanka suggests many benefits, including social support and participation, inter-generational contact, a collective voice, and facilitated access to health promotion activities, and to health care and social welfare services. Summary Policies to address the increase in chronic non-communicable diseases should include consideration of healthy ageing, conditions that affect quality of life, and strategies to increase social participation. There are useful examples showing that it is feasible to catalyse the formation of Elders' Clubs or older people's associations which become self-sustaining, promote social participation, and improve health and well-being of elders and their families.

Joseph Jennifer

2011-10-01

259

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were tested using structural equation modeling via AMOS.The empirical findings indicate that social media-focused information & communication technologies positivelyaffect the business performance via the mediation of marketing-based outputs and costs.

Fatih Gecti

2013-03-01

260

Early Markers of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Infants and Toddlers Prospectively Identified in the Social Attention and Communication Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The Social Attention and Communication Study involved the successful implementation of developmental surveillance of the early markers of autism spectrum disorders in a community-based setting. The objective in the current study was to determine the most discriminating and predictive markers of autism spectrum disorders used in the Social

Barbaro, Josephine; Dissanayake, Cheryl

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Physicians who use social media and other internet-based communication technologies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The demographic and practice-related characteristics of physicians who use social networking websites, portable devices to access the internet, email to communicate with patients, podcasts, widgets, RSS feeds, and blogging were investigated. Logistic regression was used to analyze a survey of US primary care physicians, pediatricians, obstetrician/gynecologists, and dermatologists (N=1750). Reported technology use during the last 6 months ranged from 80.6% using a portable device to access the internet to 12.9% writing a blog. The most consistent predictors of use were being male, being younger, and having teaching hospital privileges. Physician specialty, practice setting, years in practice, average number of patients treated per week, and number of physicians in practice were found to be inconsistently associated or unassociated with use of the technologies examined. Demographic characteristics, rather than practice-related characteristics, were more consistent predictors of physician use of seven internet-based communication technologies with varying levels of uptake. PMID:22634078

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Rim, Sun Hee; Hawkins, Nikki A; Rodriguez, Juan L; Polonec, Lindsey

2012-01-01

262

A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insights of interactive media designers and artists to overcome these challenges. The two processes resulted in 86 new interactive media concepts which were selected by the participants and organizers using set criteria and then evaluated using the same criteria by a panel of communication and media design experts and a panel of complex systems scientists using the same criteria. The top eight concepts are discussed in this paper. These concepts fell into the categories of serious games, group interaction concepts, and social media storytelling. The serious games focused directly on complex systems characteristics and were evaluated to be intuitive and engaging designs that combined transparency and complexity well. The group interaction concepts focused mostly on feedbacks and nonlinearity but were fully developed and tested in the workshops, and evaluated as engaging, accessible, and easy to implement in workshops and educational settings. The social media storytelling concepts involved less direct interactions with system dynamics but were seen as highly accessible to large scale audiences. The results of this study show the potential of interdisciplinary collaboration between complex systems scientists, designers, and artists. The results and process discussed in this paper show the value of more structural engagement of interactive media designers and artist communities in the development of communication tools about human and natural systems change.

Joost M. Vervoort

2014-09-01

263

A Pilot Study of the Effects of a Social-Pragmatic Intervention on the Communication and Symbolic Play of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

The acquisition of social communication skills is a major challenge faced by children with autism. This pilot study investigated the effects of the Stronger Families Project, a social-pragmatic intervention, on the communication and symbolic abilities of 16 children aged 2-4 years with autism. Standardized measures of the child's communication and…

Keen, Deb; Rodger, Sylvia; Doussin, Kim; Braithwaite, Michelle

2007-01-01

264

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents : A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of all five advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

265

Estratégia como prática social e teoria da ação comunicativa: possíveis aproximações teóricas / Strategy as social practice and theory of communicative action: possible theoretical approaches  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo visa a discutir as possíveis aproximações teóricas entre a estratégia como prática social (EPS) e a teoria da ação comunicativa (TAC), instituída por Jürgen Habermas. Almejou-se construir um diálogo analítico, destacando as interfaces que podem ser estabelecidas entre esses construtos. E [...] specificamente, buscou-se: (i) descrever o arcabouço teórico da estratégia como prática social; (ii) discutir os aspectos conceituais da teoria da ação comunicativa; e (iii) apresentar as possíveis aproximações teóricas entre a estratégia como prática social e a teoria da ação comunicativa. Argumenta-se que a TAC tem elementos interessantes a contribuir com a estratégia como prática e que, por esse motivo, é necessário explorar as aproximações teóricas. Desse modo, este artigo contribui singularmente para associar o pensamento habermasiano às perspectivas teóricas da estratégia como prática social, especialmente em seus elementos razão e verdade, entendimento e consenso, que ensejam contribuições substanciais da racionalidade comunicativa para a estratégia como prática social. Abstract in english This article aims to discuss the possible theoretical approaches between strategy as social practice (SSP) and the theory of communicative action (TCA), established by Jürgen Habermas. We intended to construct an analytical dialogue, highlighting the interfaces that may be established between these [...] constructs. Specifically, we sought to: (i) describe the theoretical framework of strategy as social practice; (ii) discuss the conceptual aspects of the theory of communicative action; and (iii) introduce the possible theoretical approaches between strategy as social practice and the theory of communicative action. It is argued that TCA has interesting elements contributing to strategy as a practice and that, for this reason, there is a need to explore the theoretical approaches. So, this article contributes in a unique way to associate Habermas' thought with the theoretical perspectives of strategy as social practice, especially concerning their elements reason and truth, understanding and consensus, which give rise to significant contributions of communicative rationality to strategy as social practice.

Elisa, Zwick; Isabel Cristina da, Silva; Mozar José de, Brito.

266

Do actions speak louder than words? The case of the disappearance of social communication oddities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Within the last decade, researchers and clinicians have reported an increase in the incidence and diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Various factors have been proposed for this apparent change including broader diagnostic criteria, greater public awareness, biological and environmental interactions, and earlier detection. However, it has been observed in a certain percentage of children, during the toddler and preschool years and before intervention is introduced, that severe language deficits distort social and self-regulatory behavior to such a degree that they mimic the characteristics of ASD. Professional caution is vital in this regard to describe early functioning and to defer diagnosis until the effects of intervention and treatment can be monitored over time. The case of Nicole, a preschooler with developmental delays and social communication oddities, illustrates what I believe is the most professionally responsible, cautious, family-centered, and data-based diagnostic process that links assessment, intervention, and evaluation for young children with early developmental difficulties. PMID:9519390

Bagnato, S J

1998-01-01

267

A nonverbal signal in voices of interview partners effectively predicts communication accommodation and social status perceptions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Derivations from nonverbal communications accommodation theory are tested, and this knowledge is extended both theoretically and methodologically. Fast fourier transform and statistical analysis of a low-frequency nonverbal signal-in voices from 25 dyadic interviews between a talk show host and his guests revealed voice convergence between partners. Correlation coefficients from comparisons of partners' voice spectra and factor analysis of the correlation matrix showed that lower status partners accommodated their voices to higher status partners via the nonverbal signal. Student ratings of the social status of the same talk show host and guests were correlated with factor loadings, thereby providing convergent validity of the nonverbal signal as a predictor of social status perceptions and accommodation. PMID:8667163

Gregory, S W; Webster, S

1996-06-01

268

Social Media and Its Dual Use in Biopreparedness: Communication and Visualization Tools in an Animal Bioterrorism Incident  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article focuses on social media and interactive challenges for emergency organizations during a bioterrorism or agroterrorism incident, and it outlines the dual-use dilemma of social media. Attackers or terrorists can use social media as their modus of operandi, and defenders, including emergency organizations in law enforcement and public and animal health, can use it for peaceful purposes. To get a better understanding of the uses of social media in these situations, a workshop was arranged in Stockholm, Sweden, to raise awareness about social media and animal bioterrorism threats. Fifty-six experts and crisis communicators from international and national organizations participated. As a result of the workshop, it was concluded that emergency organizations can collect valuable information and monitor social media before, during, and after an outbreak. In order to make use of interactive communication to obtain collective intelligence from the public, emergency organizations must adapt to social networking technologies, requiring multidisciplinary knowledge in the fields of information, communication, IT, and biopreparedness. Social network messaging during a disease outbreak can be visualized in stream graphs and networks showing clusters of Twitter and Facebook users. The visualization of social media can be an important preparedness tool in the response to bioterrorism and agroterrorism.

Sjöberg, Elisabeth; Barker, Gary C.

2013-01-01

269

As ciências sociais, a comunicação e a saúde / Social sciences, communication and healthcare  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Comunicação, o termo central do título deste trabalho, pretende realmente ser uma espécie de pivô da articulação que queremos aqui estabelecer entre as ciências sociais e a saúde. Por um lado, a sua emergência como um campo de questões diferenciadas, com objetos e olhares relativamente novos, no sei [...] o do pensamento social já desde fins do século 18, passando pelas suas primeiras elaborações teóricas e estudos empíricos, já no quadro das ciências sociais, desde meados do século 19, depois pela sua diferenciação como um campo disciplinar em separado, em meados do século 20, até se tornar um verdadeiro emblema das sociedades contemporâneas, neste limiar do século 21. Por outro lado, as relações entre o que preferimos genericamente chamar de "pensamento sobre a comunicação", rastreado no percurso histórico acima, e o campo da saúde, no seu mais amplo sentido. Assim, propomo-nos, primeiramente, a reconstituir a emergência e as evoluções desse "pensamento sobre a comunicação" nos últimos dois ou três séculos, destacando o seu profundo enraizamento nas ciências sociais, e, secundariamente, apontar as relações privilegiadas e variáveis ao longo da história entre esse pensamento e o conhecimento e a prática em saúde. Abstract in english Communication, the central word in the title of this paper, is really intended to denote a kind of pivotal point in the articulation that we wish to establish here between social sciences and healthcare. On one hand, its emergence as a field of differentiated issues with relatively new objects and e [...] xaminations, in the heart of social thought, as early as the late eighteenth century, going through its earliest theoretical elaborations and empirical studies, already within the scope of the social sciences, since the mid-nineteenth century, and more recently through its differentiation as a separate discipline, in the mid-twentieth century, up to the point at which it became a true icon of contemporary societies, at the threshold of the twenty-first century. On the other hand, the relations between what we generically prefer to refer to as "thoughts on communication", tracing the historical path above, and the field of healthcare, in its broadest sense. Thus, we propose, first, to reconstitute the emergence and the evolution of these "thoughts on communication" over the last two or three centuries, highlighting their deep rooting in the social sciences and, second, to point out the privileged and variable relation, over the course of history, between these thoughts and the knowledge and practice of healthcare.

Ricardo Rodrigues, Teixeira; Antônio Pithon, Cyrino.

270

As ciências sociais, a comunicação e a saúde / Social sciences, communication and healthcare  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Comunicação, o termo central do título deste trabalho, pretende realmente ser uma espécie de pivô da articulação que queremos aqui estabelecer entre as ciências sociais e a saúde. Por um lado, a sua emergência como um campo de questões diferenciadas, com objetos e olhares relativamente novos, no sei [...] o do pensamento social já desde fins do século 18, passando pelas suas primeiras elaborações teóricas e estudos empíricos, já no quadro das ciências sociais, desde meados do século 19, depois pela sua diferenciação como um campo disciplinar em separado, em meados do século 20, até se tornar um verdadeiro emblema das sociedades contemporâneas, neste limiar do século 21. Por outro lado, as relações entre o que preferimos genericamente chamar de "pensamento sobre a comunicação", rastreado no percurso histórico acima, e o campo da saúde, no seu mais amplo sentido. Assim, propomo-nos, primeiramente, a reconstituir a emergência e as evoluções desse "pensamento sobre a comunicação" nos últimos dois ou três séculos, destacando o seu profundo enraizamento nas ciências sociais, e, secundariamente, apontar as relações privilegiadas e variáveis ao longo da história entre esse pensamento e o conhecimento e a prática em saúde. Abstract in english Communication, the central word in the title of this paper, is really intended to denote a kind of pivotal point in the articulation that we wish to establish here between social sciences and healthcare. On one hand, its emergence as a field of differentiated issues with relatively new objects and e [...] xaminations, in the heart of social thought, as early as the late eighteenth century, going through its earliest theoretical elaborations and empirical studies, already within the scope of the social sciences, since the mid-nineteenth century, and more recently through its differentiation as a separate discipline, in the mid-twentieth century, up to the point at which it became a true icon of contemporary societies, at the threshold of the twenty-first century. On the other hand, the relations between what we generically prefer to refer to as "thoughts on communication", tracing the historical path above, and the field of healthcare, in its broadest sense. Thus, we propose, first, to reconstitute the emergence and the evolution of these "thoughts on communication" over the last two or three centuries, highlighting their deep rooting in the social sciences and, second, to point out the privileged and variable relation, over the course of history, between these thoughts and the knowledge and practice of healthcare.

Ricardo Rodrigues, Teixeira; Antônio Pithon, Cyrino.

271

Evaluación de la competencia comunicativa y social en foros virtuales. [Evaluation of communicative and social competence in virtual forums].  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to carry out an approach to the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the content in the virtual forums used as a complement to the university lessons. After defining the base criteria of the assessment process, the forums developed in three subjects (215 students are analyzed. The results show the need to distinguish between quantitative and qualitative results in relation to their impact on assessing the level of competence; they also suggest the importance of the didactic design of the subject in the evolution of the communicative and social competences of the students’ participations. El objeto de esta investigación es realizar una aproximación al análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo del contenido de los foros virtuales de debate utilizados como complemento de la docencia universitaria presencial. Tras definir los criterios-base del proceso de evaluación, se analizan los foros desarrollados en tres asignaturas (215 estudiantes. Los resultados muestran la necesidad de distinguir entre los resultados cuantitativos y los cualitativos en relación a su impacto en la evaluación del nivel de competencia; también sugieren la importancia del diseño didáctico de la asignatura en la evolución de la competencia comunicativa y social de las intervenciones de los estudiantes.

Palacios, Santiago

2009-09-01

272

Learning to Use the Internet and Online Social Media: What Is the Effectiveness of Home-Based Intervention for Youth with Complex Communication Needs?  

Science.gov (United States)

Youth with complex communication needs (CCN) face increased barriers to their social participation due to limited communication abilities and opportunities. Youth today use the internet as a social tool and youth with CCN may also benefit from internet use to increase their social participation. Five youth between the ages of 10-18 with CCN who…

Grace, Emma; Raghavendra, Parimala; Newman, Lareen; Wood, Denise; Connell, Tim

2014-01-01

273

Communication of emergency public warnings: A social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

More than 200 studies of warning systems and warning response were reviewed for this social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment of communication of emergency public warnings. The major findings are as follows. First, variations in the nature and content of warnings have a large impact on whether or not the public heeds the warning. Relevant factors include the warning source; warning channel; the consistency, credibility, accuracy, and understandability of the message; and the warning frequency. Second, characteristics of the population receiving the warning affect warning response. These include social characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age, social setting characteristics such as stage of life or family context, psychological characteristics such as fatalism or risk perception, and knowledge characteristics such as experience or training. Third, many current myths about public response to emergency warning are at odds with knowledge derived from field investigations. Some of these myths include the keep it simple'' notion, the cry wolf'' syndrome, public panic and hysteria, and those concerning public willingness to respond to warnings. Finally, different methods of warning the public are not equally effective at providing an alert and notification in different physical and social settings. Most systems can provide a warning given three or more hours of available warning time. Special systems such as tone-alert radios are needed to provide rapid warning. 235 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Mileti, D.S. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (USA)); Sorensen, J.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-08-01

274

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were...

Fatih Gecti; Ikram Dastan

2013-01-01

275

Repetition Priming in Music  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors explore priming effects of pitch repetition in music in 3 experiments. Musically untrained participants heard a short melody and sang the last pitch of the melody as quickly as possible. Each experiment manipulated (a) whether or not the tone to be sung (target) was heard earlier in the melody (primed) and (b) the prime-target distance…

Hutchins, Sean; Palmer, Caroline

2008-01-01

276

Repetitive idiopathic fetal hydrops.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two cases of repetitive idiopathic fetal hydrops are reported, the second and third cases found in the literature. A normal pregnancy occurred in 1 of the patients following 2 successive pregnancies with fetal hydrops. Findings as well as diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are discussed. PMID:7243114

Silverstein, A J; Kanbour, A I

1981-06-01

277

Repetitive strain injury.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Repetitive strain injury is a group of musculoskeletal disorders affecting muscles, tendons, nerves and blood vessels. These disorders could be attributed to occupational causes; however non-occupational causes should be excluded. The management of these cases required a multidisciplinary team approach.

S. T. Al-Otaibi

2001-05-01

278

Processing and representation of social communication sounds in the brainstem auditory system of bats  

Science.gov (United States)

While bats are best known for their abilities to orient and capture prey via echolocation, they are also highly social animals who use a rich repertoire of species-specific sounds for social communication. This talk explores how communication signals are progressively transformed and represented in the ascending auditory system. One principal transformation that distinguishes the inferior colliculus from lower nuclei is a change from processing that emphasizes response homogeneity among the neuronal population in each lower nucleus, to one that emphasizes heterogeneity and selectivity in the inferior colliculus. Collicular neurons are selective in that each neuron fails to respond to some, or even all calls, even though those calls have energy that encroaches upon their excitatory response regions, and are heterogeneous since each collicular neuron responds to a different subset of calls. The transformation from homogeneity to heterogeneity may largely be a consequence of the difference in the ways that the various excitatory and inhibitory inputs distribute along frequency contours in lower nuclei compared to the inferior colliculus. One important consequence is that those features endow the population in the inferior colliculus with the ability to respond to any signal with a unique and pronounced spatiotemporal pattern of activity. [Work supported by NIH Grant No. DC 00268.

Pollak, George D.

2003-10-01

279

Socially Responsible Corporate Communications in Mexico: Evidence of the Large Companies by Their Operational Levels  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to know the general condition of business communications regarding Corporate SocialResponsibility (CSR in large Mexican companies, and identify the significant differences in terms of a set ofindicators and in comparison with three different operational levels. Specifically, based in a relevant previousresearch work by Maignan and Ralston (2002 and analyzing the content of 150 Mexican business websites as asample frame, the study evaluates the differences in a set of CSR indicators divided in principles, processes andstakeholder issues. And then, compare these indicators among the national, international and multinational levelby utilizing the statistical Chi-square test. The main findings suggest a high prevalence of corporatecommunications regarding social responsibilities in large Mexican companies, especially from those that operateon a multinational level and coming from abroad. The performance-driven principle was found to be the mainmotivation behind CSR communications for all levels; quality programs were the most employed CSR process inorder to build a good citizenship image; and the stakeholder issues related to shareholders and the indicator ofservice/product quality from the customers group, were those found more significantly similar among thegroups.

Teodoro Rafael Wendlandt Amezaga

2013-04-01

280

Comunicação como Ciência Social (e mais) / Communication as a Social Science (and more) / La comunicación como una ciencia social (y más)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A Comunicação é o campo mais importante para o estudo de muitas dimensões-chave de mudanças sociais. Esta é a premissa básica deste texto apresentado na conferência de abertura do congresso anual da International Communication Association, em 2011. Ele traz reflexões sobre uma série de questões de i [...] dentidade, metodologias, fronteiras e caminhos para os estudos e práticas no campo. Fazendo um paralelo com outras disciplinas que passaram pelo mesmo processo, a conclusão é que o campo da Comunicação precisa mais preservar a riqueza de sua interdisciplinaridade do que buscar respostas em uma aparente e, às vezes, falsa autonomia científica. Abstract in spanish La Comunicación es el campo más importante para el estudio de muchos aspectos fundamentales del cambio social. Esta es la premisa básica de este trabajo presentado en la apertura del congreso anual de la International Communication Association, en 2011. Él trae una serie de reflexiones sobre las cue [...] stiones de identidad, las metodologías, las fronteras y caminos para el estudio y la práctica en el campo. Haciendo un paralelismo con otras disciplinas que han pasado por el mismo proceso, la conclusión es que el campo de la comunicación ya la necesidad de preservar la riqueza de su interdisciplinario de buscar respuestas en una autonomía científica aparente y falsa a veces. Abstract in english Communication is the most important field for the study of many key dimensions of social change. This is the basic premise of this text presented at the opening of the annual conference of International Communication Association in 2011. The subject brings a lot of reflections about a series of issu [...] es on identity, methodologies, borders and paths for studies and practices in the field. Making a parallel with other disciplines that have gone through the same process, the conclusion is that the field of Communication longer needs to preserve the richness of its interdisciplinary than to search for answers in an apparent, and sometimes false, scientific autonomy.

Craig, Calhoun.

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
281

Comunicação como Ciência Social (e mais) / Communication as a Social Science (and more) / La comunicación como una ciencia social (y más)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A Comunicação é o campo mais importante para o estudo de muitas dimensões-chave de mudanças sociais. Esta é a premissa básica deste texto apresentado na conferência de abertura do congresso anual da International Communication Association, em 2011. Ele traz reflexões sobre uma série de questões de i [...] dentidade, metodologias, fronteiras e caminhos para os estudos e práticas no campo. Fazendo um paralelo com outras disciplinas que passaram pelo mesmo processo, a conclusão é que o campo da Comunicação precisa mais preservar a riqueza de sua interdisciplinaridade do que buscar respostas em uma aparente e, às vezes, falsa autonomia científica. Abstract in spanish La Comunicación es el campo más importante para el estudio de muchos aspectos fundamentales del cambio social. Esta es la premisa básica de este trabajo presentado en la apertura del congreso anual de la International Communication Association, en 2011. Él trae una serie de reflexiones sobre las cue [...] stiones de identidad, las metodologías, las fronteras y caminos para el estudio y la práctica en el campo. Haciendo un paralelismo con otras disciplinas que han pasado por el mismo proceso, la conclusión es que el campo de la comunicación ya la necesidad de preservar la riqueza de su interdisciplinario de buscar respuestas en una autonomía científica aparente y falsa a veces. Abstract in english Communication is the most important field for the study of many key dimensions of social change. This is the basic premise of this text presented at the opening of the annual conference of International Communication Association in 2011. The subject brings a lot of reflections about a series of issu [...] es on identity, methodologies, borders and paths for studies and practices in the field. Making a parallel with other disciplines that have gone through the same process, the conclusion is that the field of Communication longer needs to preserve the richness of its interdisciplinary than to search for answers in an apparent, and sometimes false, scientific autonomy.

Craig, Calhoun.

282

Clinical social networking--a new revolution in provider communication and delivery of clinical information across providers of care?  

Science.gov (United States)

The adoption of social media technologies appears to enhance clinical outcomes through improved communications as reported by Bacigalupe (Fam Syst Heal 29(1):1-14, 2011). The ability of providers to more effectively, directly, and rapidly communicate among themselves as well as with patients should strengthen collaboration and treatment as reported by Bacigalupe (Fam Syst Heal 29(1):1-14, 2011). This paper is a case study in one organization's development of an internally designed and developed social technology solution termed "Unite." The Unite system combines social technologies' features including push notifications, messaging, community groups, and user lists with clinical workflow and applications to construct dynamic provider networks, simplify communications, and facilitate clinical workflow optimization. Modeling Unite as a social technology may ease adoption barriers. Developing a social network that is integrated with healthcare information systems in the clinical space opens the doors to capturing and studying the way in which providers communicate. The Unite system appears to have the potential to breaking down existing communication paradigms. With Unite, a rich set of usage data tied to clinical events may unravel alternative networks that can be leveraged to advance patient care. PMID:24149968

Kolowitz, Brian J; Lauro, Gonzalo Romero; Venturella, James; Georgiev, Veliyan; Barone, Michael; Deible, Christopher; Shrestha, Rasu

2014-04-01

283

A South African university-practitioner partnership to strengthen capacity in social and behaviour change communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Globally, communication plays an integral role in public health strategies, from infectious diseases to diseases related to lifestyles. The evolution of the field of social and behaviour change communication (SBCC, combined with the need for evidence based practice and multi-level interventions to promote health, and human resource gaps in sub-Saharan Africa have led to the imperative to standardise and formalise the field. Moreover, current practitioners come from different disciplinary backgrounds underlining the need to define common core skills and competencies. This paper describes the partnership between the Wits School of Public Health and the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and how the partners responded to this need. It highlights the factors influencing sustainable institutional capacity to provide quality assured, accredited training. We describe an unexpected positive response from a number of practitioner organisations that have chosen to send multiple staff members for training, specifically to build a critical mass within their organisations. Finally, we note the interest from (mostly southern-based academic institutions in setting up similar programmes and postulate that south–south collaborations can contribute to building sustainable context specific and evidence-informed SBCC programmes in the global south.

Nicola J. Christofides

2013-01-01

284

[Social media and medical apps: how they can change health communication, education and care].  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media and medical apps for smartphones and tablets are changing health communication, education and care. This change involves physicians and other health care professionals which for their education, training and updating have started to follow public pages and profiles opened by medical journals and professional societies on the online social networking sites (such as Facebook, Twitter and Google+), to access scientific content (videos, images, slides) available on user-generated contents sites (such as SlideShare, Pinterest and YouTube) or on health professional online communities such as Sermo, and to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets. As shown by a number of experiences conducted in US by health institutions such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Atlanta and hospitals such a the Mayo Clinic, these tools are also transforming the way to make health promotion activities and communication, promote healthy habits and lifestyles, and prevent chronic diseases. Finally this change involves patients which are starting to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets to monitor their diseases, and tools such as Patients Like Me (an online patients' community), Facebook and Twitter to share with others the same disease experience, to learn about the disease and treatments, and to find opinions on physicians, hospitals and medical centers. These new communication tools allow users to move to a kind of collaborative education and updating where news and contents (such as public health recommendations, results of the most recent clinical researches or medical guidelines) may be shared and discussed. PMID:23748682

Santoro, Eugenio

2013-05-01

285

Propagation, cascades, and agreement dynamics in complex communication and social networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Many modern and important technological, social, information and infrastructure systems can be viewed as complex systems with a large number of interacting components. Models of complex networks and dynamical interactions, as well as their applications are of fundamental interests in many aspects. Here, several stylized models of multiplex propagation and opinion dynamics are investigated on complex and empirical social networks. We first investigate cascade dynamics in threshold-controlled (multiplex) propagation on random geometric networks. We find that such local dynamics can serve as an efficient, robust, and reliable prototypical activation protocol in sensor networks in responding to various alarm scenarios. We also consider the same dynamics on a modified network by adding a few long-range communication links, resulting in a small-world network. We find that such construction can further enhance and optimize the speed of the network's response, while keeping energy consumption at a manageable level. We also investigate a prototypical agent-based model, the Naming Game, on two-dimensional random geometric networks. The Naming Game [A. Baronchelli et al., J. Stat. Mech.: Theory Exp. (2006) P06014.] is a minimal model, employing local communications that captures the emergence of shared communication schemes (languages) in a population of autonomous semiotic agents. Implementing the Naming Games with local broadcasts on random geometric graphs, serves as a model for agreement dynamics in large-scale, autonomously operating wireless sensor networks. Further, it captures essential features of the scaling properties of the agreement process for spatially-embedded autonomous agents. Among the relevant observables capturing the temporal properties of the agreement process, we investigate the cluster-size distribution and the distribution of the agreement times, both exhibiting dynamic scaling. We also present results for the case when a small density of long-range communication links are added on top of the random geometric graph, resulting in a "small-world"-like network and yielding a significantly reduced time to reach global agreement. We construct a finite-size scaling analysis for the agreement times in this case. When applying the model of Naming Game on empirical social networks, this stylized agent-based model captures essential features of agreement dynamics in a network of autonomous agents, corresponding to the development of shared classification schemes in a network of artificial agents or opinion spreading and social dynamics in social networks. Our study focuses on the impact that communities in the underlying social graphs have on the outcome of the agreement process. We find that networks with strong community structure hinder the system from reaching global agreement; the evolution of the Naming Game in these networks maintains clusters of coexisting opinions indefinitely. Further, we investigate agent-based network strategies to facilitate convergence to global consensus.

Lu, Qiming

286

Comunicar para el cambio social: una comunicación ética y política: Entrevista con Alfonso Gumucio Dagron / The act of communicating for social change: ethical and political communications.: Interview with Alfonso Gumucio Dagron  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo, a partir de sus experiencias académicas y laborales, Alfonso Gumucio Dagron define el concepto comunicación para el cambio social como el planteamiento más reciente de las teorías de la dependencia y de los enfoques de la comunicación. Él sostiene que se centra en la sistematizació [...] n de experiencias, porque facilita recuperar el conocimiento producido en el diálogo social, a partir de lecciones narradas y aprendidas por las comunidades. Así mismo, sostiene que la metodología más adecuada para dinamizar experiencias de comunicación para el cambio social es la investigación acción-participativa (IAP), porque permite investigar y acompañar procesos desde el conocimiento académico y profesional en dinámicas de participación, diálogo y construcción colectiva Abstract in english In this article, based on his academic and work experience, Alfonso Gumucio Dagron describes the concept of communication for social change as the most recent of all dependency theories and approaches to the field of communications. He argues that the concept centers on the systematization of experi [...] ences, since it [the concept] facilitates the process of recovering the knowledge engendered by social dialogue, starting from the lessons both narrated and learned by the communities. At the same time, he holds that the most suitable methodology to revitalize communication experiences for social change is through participatory action research (PAR), because it allows both research and partaking in social processes from the academic and professional perspective when building participatory, dialogical, and collective dynamics.

GABRIELl JAIME, PÉREZ S. J.; MÓNICA MARIÓN, CASTAÑO; FANNY PATRICIA, RANCO.

287

Correlatos entre o perfil comunicativo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico Correlates between communicative profile and social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar se há correlações significativas entre os dados referentes ao perfil funcional da comunicação e os dados da adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtidos por meio de entrevistas individuais com os pais e as terapeutas de crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: foram sujeitos deste estudo 48 crianças, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico com os quais foram coletados os dados para a determinação do perfil funcional da comunicação por meio de situação lúdica, buscando a espontaneidade comunicativa. Participaram ainda, os responsáveis, legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, das 48 crianças, ou seja, 46 mães e dois pais e 15 terapeutas, respondendo individualmente a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças citadas. RESULTADOS: pode-se observar que os resultados referentes à adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtida a partir de entrevistas com terapeutas e pais apresentaram correlações significativas com o perfil funcional da comunicação. De forma geral, o estudo das correlações entre os aspectos do perfil comunicativo e da adaptação sócio-comunicativa não apresentou um grande número de correlações, sendo este número ainda menor quando os pais foram os informantes, demonstrando a interdependência das áreas estudas. CONCLUSÃO: uma das maiores evidências deste trabalho é que mesmo que as crianças do espectro autístico apresentem um desenvolvimento deficitário das habilidades de linguagem, cognição e socialização, ainda assim elas são capazes de extrair pistas lingüísticas e não-lingüísticas do meio comunicativo, e utilizá-las de forma contextual em sua vida social, associando-as com os ganhos na linguagem e no desempenho sócio-cognitivo.PURPOSE: to check if there are any significant correlations among the data on the functional communicative profile and social-communicative adaptation obtained in individual interviews with parents and therapists of children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD. METHODS: subjects were: 48 children with psychiatric diagnosis within the autistic spectrum whose functional communicative profile was obtained in play sessions with a language therapist; 48 parents (46 mothers and 2 fathers and 15 language therapists that answered individually to questionnaires about the children's social performance. RESULTS: it could be observed that the results referring to the social communicative adaptation obtained with the therapists and parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders showed significant correlations with the functional communicative profile. Data on social communicative performance provided by the therapists showed more significant correlations with the functional communicative profile than those obtained with the parents. The number of correlations was generically smaller when the parents provided data on social communicative performance. CONCLUSION: one of the most important results of this study is the evidence that even though ASD children present important deficits in language development, cognition and social abilities, they can be able to extract linguistic and non-linguistic clues from the communicative environment and use them in their social live along with linguistic and social-cognitive improvements.

Priscilla Faria Sousa-Morato

2009-01-01

288

Social media and mobile communications adoption patterns of South African civil society organisations  

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Full Text Available Background: The resurgence of civil society has largely been attributed to the sector’s ability to exploit new interactive technologies and its ability to adapt its communication and mobilisation strategies. Objectives: This study focuses on how South African civil society organisations (CSOs deploy Web 2.0 services and technologies for social advocacy and the context of this technology use. Whilst the literature points to many studies relating to the use of the Internet for advocacy, it also suggests that the role and impact of emerging technologies have not been studied in any detail in CSOs. Such studies have the potential to provide new perspectives to current theoretical frameworks and also to add to the discourse around the use of emerging technologies for advocacy. Method: A survey of South African CSOs explored the level of knowledge of social media services and revealed which services in particular were being adopted. Results: The key findings that emerged were that the sector has a low level of knowledge of social media services and an accompanying low level of adoption. These are partly explained by factors such as macro-economic policies and low levels of Internet penetration and ICT readiness. Conclusion: Further research to determine why certain social media services have been embraced more willingly than others and an analysis of the patterns of adoption to determine any underlying significance or relationships is necessary. An analysis of how CSOs build their advocacy capabilities by appropriating social media and how they thus provide alternate discourses and agendas would be instructive.

Kiru Pillay

2014-08-01

289

Communication  

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Full Text Available Religion, as a collective phenomenon, cannot be conceived of without taking communication into account. Nevertheless, the sense of the communicative element in religion has been mostly implicit or completely lacking in religious studies. This paper explores some of the recent openings in the study of religion and communication, focusing on religion and the media in the modern world. The paper closes by delineating some future prospects for the field.

Titus Hjelm

2005-12-01

290

SRP meeting: social and political implications of communicating radiation risk, Daresbury, Warrington, 20 June 2001  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SRP held a very interesting meeting in June at the Daresbury Laboratory in Warrington on the social and political implications of communicating radiation risk. In today's risk-aware society, effective communication is just as important as the control measures introduced to prevent or restrict exposure. In relation to radiation protection, risk communicators had a hard job because of: Public dread Likelihood of risk intensification Perceived inequitable distribution of risks. The higher the uncertainty, the more wary people were likely to be. Julie cited the International Nuclear Events Scale (INES) as a possible tool for promoting a consistent message across all publics. This was because it aimed to put events into proper perspective and provide a common understanding amongst the nuclear community, the media and the public. Julie summed up by saying that the risk communication was not just any form of communication and the issue of communicating radiation risks involved special consideration. Further research established that the more information given to the local population, the more likely that they would deny that there was a problem. Denial could moderate beliefs or emotional reactions to a situation. This then affected their dose as they were more likely to adopt risky behaviour by eating contaminated food and entering contaminated areas. Avoiding the need to undertake safe behaviour reduced stress levels. Furthermore, people adopted beliefs to suit their situation. For example, some inhabitants of the affected areas became adapted to the radiation and actually felt worse outside the contaminated area. There was strong pressure for the maintenance of a situation which actually prevented appropriate precautions being taken. Peter concluded that there was often confusion over the details of technical information that sometimes might not help to prevent a course of action being taken. However on a positive note the research did find credence and positive regard given to peer-provided information. In addition, the information on good practice developed by local focus groups in the area was actually used to limit personal dose. The conclusion was that key information should concentrate on what people needed to know in order to deal with everyday life. My personal conclusion for the day was that it could take time to set in motion partnerships for the future, but that should not stop us from laying down foundations on which to develop stakeholder dialogue for radiation protection. The future of radiation protection is likely to continue to evolve and we need to engage in active debate to help to secure a sustainable decision-making process

291

Image Gently(SM): a national education and communication campaign in radiology using the science of social marketing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication campaigns are an accepted method for altering societal attitudes, increasing knowledge, and achieving social and behavioral change particularly within public health and the social sciences. The Image Gently(SM) campaign is a national education and awareness campaign in radiology designed to promote the need for and opportunities to decrease radiation to children when CT scans are indicated. In this article, the relatively new science of social marketing is reviewed and the theoretical basis for an effective communication campaign in radiology is discussed. Communication strategies are considered and the type of outcomes that should be measured are reviewed. This methodology has demonstrated that simple, straightforward safety messages on radiation protection targeted to medical professionals throughout the radiology community, utilizing multiple media, can affect awareness potentially leading to change in practice. PMID:19027684

Goske, Marilyn J; Applegate, Kimberly E; Boylan, Jennifer; Butler, Priscilla F; Callahan, Michael J; Coley, Brian D; Farley, Shawn; Frush, Donald P; Hernanz-Schulman, Marta; Jaramillo, Diego; Johnson, Neil D; Kaste, Sue C; Morrison, Gregory; Strauss, Keith J

2008-12-01

292

Three experimental approaches to measure the social context dependence of prejudice communication and discriminatory behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research on discrimination is faced with crucial problems stemming from the specific character of its object of study. In democratic societies the communication of prejudices and other forms of discriminatory behavior is considered socially undesirable and depends on situational factors such as whether a situation is considered private or whether a discriminatory consensus can be assumed. Regular surveys thus can only offer a blurred picture of the phenomenon. But also survey experiments intended to decrease the social desirability bias (SDB) so far failed in systematically implementing situational variables. This paper introduces three experimental approaches to improve the study of discrimination and other topics of social (un-)desirability. First, we argue in favor of cognitive context framing in surveys in order to operationalize the salience of situational norms. Second, factorial surveys offer a way to take situational contexts and substitute behavior into account. And third, choice experiments - a rather new method in sociology - offer a more valid method of measuring behavioral characteristics compared to simple items in surveys. All three approaches - which may be combined - are easy to implement in large-scale surveys. Results of empirical studies demonstrate the fruitfulness of each of these approaches. PMID:25432623

Beyer, Heiko; Liebe, Ulf

2015-01-01

293

Conselho de comunicação social: uma válvula para o diálogo ou para o silêncio? / Conseil de communication sociale: une alternative pour le dialogue ou pour le silence? / Council of social communication: a valve toward dialogue or toward silence?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho analisa o Conselho de Comunicação Social, sua importância e sua trajetória, procurando explicar por que tal Conselho,regulamentado em 1991, só foi efetivamente implantado 14 anos depois. Após um curto período de funcionamento, não houve a renovação da gestão e, desde dezembro de 2006, [...] ele está ocioso. No entanto, a necessidade de funcionamento do Conselho é apontada por diversos setores, ainda que com mudanças em seu caráter e representação. Abstract in english This work analyzes the Council of Social Communication, its importance and its trajectory, trying to explain why the Council ruled in 1991, was implanted only 14 years later. After a short period of functioning, there was not a renewal of the management and, since December 2002, it has been idle. Ne [...] vertheless, the necessity of the Council management is pointed out by various sectors, though with changes in its character and representation.

Anita, Simis.

294

Considering communication on nuclear issues. Through a lecture meeting of Nuclear communication' core group of social and environmental division  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The lecture meeting was opened by 35 participants at the Gakushuin University in February, 2004. It includes summary and comment of six lectures: considering the field between scientific technology and society, the news about nuclear energy, the subjects of nuclear communication learned from risk communication, the communication policy on nuclear conditions of Finland and France, abstraction and solution of communication problems among sectors and history of information activities of nuclear energy and recent subjects. The news of accident and measures has to be open to the public by the persons concerned, who answer what people want to know. The nuclear policy wants flexibility. (S.Y.)

295

A New Dimension of Health Care: Systematic Review of the Uses, Benefits, and Limitations of Social Media for Health Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Background There is currently a lack of information about the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals from primary research. Objective To review the current published literature to identify the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals, and identify current gaps in the literature to provide recommendations for future health communication research. Methods This paper is a review using a systematic approach. A systematic search of the literature was conducted using nine electronic databases and manual searches to locate peer-reviewed studies published between January 2002 and February 2012. Results The search identified 98 original research studies that included the uses, benefits, and/or limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals. The methodological quality of the studies assessed using the Downs and Black instrument was low; this was mainly due to the fact that the vast majority of the studies in this review included limited methodologies and was mainly exploratory and descriptive in nature. Seven main uses of social media for health communication were identified, including focusing on increasing interactions with others, and facilitating, sharing, and obtaining health messages. The six key overarching benefits were identified as (1) increased interactions with others, (2) more available, shared, and tailored information, (3) increased accessibility and widening access to health information, (4) peer/social/emotional support, (5) public health surveillance, and (6) potential to influence health policy. Twelve limitations were identified, primarily consisting of quality concerns and lack of reliability, confidentiality, and privacy. Conclusions Social media brings a new dimension to health care as it offers a medium to be used by the public, patients, and health professionals to communicate about health issues with the possibility of potentially improving health outcomes. Social media is a powerful tool, which offers collaboration between users and is a social interaction mechanism for a range of individuals. Although there are several benefits to the use of social media for health communication, the information exchanged needs to be monitored for quality and reliability, and the users’ confidentiality and privacy need to be maintained. Eight gaps in the literature and key recommendations for future health communication research were provided. Examples of these recommendations include the need to determine the relative effectiveness of different types of social media for health communication using randomized control trials and to explore potential mechanisms for monitoring and enhancing the quality and reliability of health communication using social media. Further robust and comprehensive evaluation and review, using a range of methodologies, are required to establish whether social media improves health communication practice both in the short and long terms. PMID:23615206

Hazlett, Diane E; Harrison, Laura; Carroll, Jennifer K; Irwin, Anthea; Hoving, Ciska

2013-01-01

296

Social Communication is an Emerging Target for Pharmacotherapy in Autism Spectrum Disorder – A Review of the Literature on Potential Agents  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To review the published literature and registered clinical trials on pharmacologic interventions targeting social communication impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Methods: A comprehensive search of several databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Clinical trials.gov) was conducted to identify pharmacologic agents that have been, or will be, tested as treatments for social communication impairment in individuals with ASD. Evidence from basic science research supporting rational drug discovery is surveyed. Results: Data from animal models and early clinical trials suggest that novel and existing compounds, including N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) modulators, ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonists, metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists and neuropeptides, may enhance social communication/function in ASD. Results from numerous Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical trials are expected in the near future. Conclusions: Recent evidence suggests that social communication may be an appropriate target for pharmacologic manipulation. It is hoped that, in combination with behavioural interventions, novel therapeutics may soon be clinically available to help improve social outcomes. PMID:24516474

Baribeau, Danielle A.; Anagnostou, Evdokia

2014-01-01

297

Fractionation of Social Brain Circuits in Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism spectrum disorders are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social and communication abilities and repetitive behaviours. Converging neuroscientific evidence has suggested that the neuropathology of autism spectrum disorders is widely distributed, involving impaired connectivity throughout the brain. Here, we evaluate the…

Gotts, Stephen J.; Simmons, W. Kyle; Milbury, Lydia A.; Wallace, Gregory L.; Cox, Robert W.; Martin, Alex

2012-01-01

298

Writing consumer identities through the iPod : The Good Guide application's role in communicating knowledge about Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

How do web 2.0 and mobile technologies affect the available means for interaction between consumers and corporations? What are the implications for communicating corporate social responsibility? Gee (1996:6) states that “When we write or read, speak or listen, we coordinate and are coordinated by specific identities, specific ways of using language, various objects, tools, technologies, sites and institutions, as well as other people’s minds and bodies.” Using Gee’s focus on the connection between language use, technology and context as part of identities in interaction, this paper explores the potential and implications of mobile technologies for the communication of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The Good Guide iPod application is a mini third party database of product rankings in terms of social responsibility towards consumer health, environmental impact and social effects of production. It offers a space for examining the potential impacts of a technology mediated interaction between consumers and corporations.

Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

299

Advances in segmentation modeling for health communication and social marketing campaigns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Large-scale communication campaigns for health promotion and disease prevention involve analysis of audience demographic and psychographic factors for effective message targeting. A variety of segmentation modeling techniques, including tree-based methods such as Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detection and logistic regression, are used to identify meaningful target groups within a large sample or population (N = 750-1,000+). Such groups are based on statistically significant combinations of factors (e.g., gender, marital status, and personality predispositions). The identification of groups or clusters facilitates message design in order to address the particular needs, attention patterns, and concerns of audience members within each group. We review current segmentation techniques, their contributions to conceptual development, and cost-effective decision making. Examples from a major study in which these strategies were used are provided from the Texas Women, Infants and Children Program's Comprehensive Social Marketing Program. PMID:10947354

Albrecht, T L; Bryant, C

1996-01-01

300

Vocal interruptions in dyadic communication as a function of speech and social anxiety.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interruptions have been defined as a breach of the "turn-taking" contract in interpersonal communication. The relation between a speaker's personality and his or her propensity to interrupt was examined in 30-min unstructured conversations for 36 dyads (12 male, 12 female, and 12 mixed sex). The following predictions were made: (a) Interruptive behavior is inversely related to speech anxiety and positively related to confidence as a speaker; (b) interruptive behavior is inversely related to social anxiety (avoidance-distress; fear of negative evaluation). A stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed, controlling for the systematic effects of sex, the conversational partner's personality and amount of speech, and the speaker's use of back-channel responses. These hypotheses were confirmed for rate of total interruptions and rate of successful interruptions, for percentage of successful interruptions, and for mean duration of interruptions; the results withstood cross-validation analysis. PMID:490308

Natale, M; Entin, E; Jaffe, J

1979-06-01

 
 
 
 
301

Social Representations and Citizenship Practices in a Rural Community: A Strategic Communication Contribution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The community of Las Calles, located in Traslasierra Valley, in the westof CórdobaProvince, Argentina, is characterised by a unique combination of rural and touristiclife anda largeurban to rural migration movement. In this sense, a diversity of cultural groups and identities coexist in thiscommunity. These cultural groups are part of “culture” as a strategic arena for the understanding of the tensions that tear apart and reconcile the “being together”continuum.This paper analyses social representations and interactions among actors from emergingand existing cultures (hippies and paisas, respectively in this rural community, as well as the emergence of newcodesand citizenshippractices. Citizenship interactions and practices demand the review and redesign of the “current” sociocultural integration and management policies. Here is where strategic communication can and must contribute to the promotion of this community’s territorial and local development.

Luciana Trimano

2012-12-01

302

The evolution of self-organizing communication networks in high-risk social-ecological systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently published research shows that members of regional communication networks form links based on how risky their exchanges with others may be: low-risk situations favor the creation of bridging structures that solve coordination problems, whereas high-risk situations lead to the establishment of bonding structures that make detection and punishment of defection more likely. This basic expectation has been tested in low-risk regional arenas, where indeed more bridging structures formed in time (Berardo and Scholz 2010. However, no empirical evidence on the formation of networks has been produced yet in high-risk social-ecological systems (HRSES. In this article, I study the network of communication among stakeholders in a small river basin in Argentina that has been subject to high levels of environmental stress over the last decades and empirically test whether more bonding structures tend to form in this high-risk SE system. Findings show that actors in the network have a tendency to create more triadic bonding structures, as expected. However, complementary results offer a more nuanced picture of how networks look like in highly-risky regional settings and caution against an overly optimistic view linking bonding in networks to the solution of collective action problems of a regional scale. 

Ramiro Berardo

2014-03-01

303

The behaviour of young children with social communication disorders during dyadic interaction with peers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with social communication disorders are known to experience more problematic peer relations than typically-developing children. However, detailed observation of their behaviour and communication during interaction with peers has not previously been undertaken. Micro-analytic observational methods were used to analyse the audio-taped interaction of children (N?=?112) selected from mainstream schools (ages 5-6 years-old) on a computerised dyadic collaborative task. Comparisons were made between children with average-to-high- and low-pragmatic language skill as measured by the Test of Pragmatic Skills. Dyads were composed of an average-to-high-skilled child plus a low-skilled child (32 dyads), or of two average-to-high-skilled children (24 dyads). Consistently with their pragmatic language scores, low-skilled children were more likely to ignore other children's questions and requests than were average-to-high-skilled children. When average-to-high-skilled children worked with low-skilled children, as opposed to with other average-to-high-skilled children, they showed some sensitivity and adaptation to these children's difficulties; they used significantly more directives, clarification and provided more information. However, there was a cost in terms of the emotional tone of these interactions; when working with low-skilled children, the average-to-high-skilled children expressed considerably more negative feelings towards their partners than with another average-to-high-skilled child. In conclusion, observation of the interaction of average-to-high- and low-skilled children suggests promise for peer-assisted interventions and specifies which communicative behaviours could be targeted. However, care should be taken to manage the affective climate of these interactions for the benefit of all children involved. PMID:23794095

Murphy, Suzanne M; Faulkner, Dorothy M; Farley, Laura R

2014-02-01

304

The role of peer communication in the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences: a qualitative investigation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Recurrent pain is a common complaint among adolescents. Children learn to resolve or cope with pain largely through family dynamics, particularly maternal influences. By adolescence, young people possess an array of pain behaviors, the culmination of multiple opportunities for modeling and reinforcement of attitudes and beliefs about pain. Adolescence is a time of increased autonomy characterized by, among other complex factors, significant increases in peer influence. Although peers are influential in health-risk behavior, little is known how peers impact adolescents' pain experience. The present study explored the role of peers in adolescents' attitudes toward pain, pain behaviors and over-the-counter analgesics. Methods Sixty-minute focus groups were conducted with a sample 24 junior high school students from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (11 male: mean age = 13.45 years, range = 12–15 years; 13 female: mean age = 13.31 years, range = 12–15 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of five same-gender focus groups designed to explore a wide breadth and depth of information. Sessions were run until theoretical data saturation. Textual data, from transcribed audiotapes, were analyzed with the constant comparative method. Results Peer influences were apparent in how adolescents communicate about pain and how those communications effect pain expression. Overt pain responses to injury were primarily contextual and depended on perceived threats to peer-time and pain severity. Adolescents were intolerant of peers' pain behaviors when the cause was perceived as not severe. These attitudes impacted how adolescents responded to their own pain; males were careful not to express embarrassing pain in front of peers, females felt no restrictions on pain talk or pain expression. Evidence for peer influence on attitudes toward OTC analgesics was apparent in perceptions of over-use and ease of access. Findings are discussed within the context of social information-processing and gender role expectations. Conclusion Little research has addressed how young people experience pain within the context of the psychosocial influences that dominate during adolescence. The findings provide some insight into the role of peer influences via verbal and non-verbal communication, in adolescents' pain experience. This exploratory study is a necessary first step in understanding the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences.

Murray Michael

2008-01-01

305

The social construction of communication climate: An analysis of at-risk students in alternative high school  

Science.gov (United States)

Alternative high schools affect more potential high school dropouts than any other school or program and are designed to meet the needs of students who have had difficulty in conventional schools. This study examines the communication climate and constructions of caring in an alternative school for at-risk students by using a qualitative analysis grounded in the theoretical perspective of social constructionism. Observations and interviews were conducted over a six month time period. The first two chapters provide a review of literature and a detailed account of the methods used to conduct the study. Chapter Three describes the socially constructed nature of the school and the participants and the dialectical tensions of communication climate revealed from the analysis. The six dialectical tensions of communication climate are: (1) freedom/restraint, (2) disengagement/engagement, (3) personal communication/impersonal communication, (4) disconfirmation/confirmation, (5) equality/inequality, and (6) ambiguity/clarity. Although the school climate is comprised of each of these tensions, the data suggest that the interaction within the majority of classes created some common characteristics of the general communication climate at the school and can be characterized as one of freedom, disengagement, personal communication, disconfirmation, equality, and ambiguity. Chapter Four describes how caring was constructed and communicated. Although some students perceived some teachers as caring about students and about student learning, half of the students interviewed thought they were not learning or not learning much. Finally, Chapter Five provides a summary of the findings and a discussion of the results. The results of this study contribute to an understanding of the social construction of communication climate and caring in general, and within an alternative school for at-risk students, in specific. The results contribute to the understanding of the complexity of the jointly produced nature of communication climate and reveal the potential effect of communication climate and constructions of caring on teachers' instructional methods, teacher and student interaction, and student learning. Such information can aid pragmatically in the development or modification of programs designed to serve at-risk students, and theoretically in the understanding of the co-constructed nature of communication climate.

Souza, Tasha Jean

306

Positive Effects of Methylphenidate on Social Communication and Self-Regulation in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Hyperactivity  

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This report examined the effect of methylphenidate on social communication and self-regulation in children with pervasive developmental disorders and hyperactivity in a secondary analysis of RUPP Autism Network data. Participants were 33 children (29 boys) between the ages of 5 and 13 years who participated in a four-week crossover trial of…

Jahromi, Laudan B.; Kasari, Connie L.; McCracken, James T.; Lee, Lisa S-Y.; Aman, Michael G.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scahill, Lawrence; Tierney, Elaine; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Ritz, Louise; Witwer, Andrea; Kustan, Erin; Ghuman, Jaswinder; Posey, David J.

2009-01-01

307

Otitis Media, the Quality of Child Care, and the Social/Communicative Behavior of Toddlers: A Replication and Extension  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of otitis media (OM) and the quality of child care on the social and communicative behaviors of toddlers, using a cumulative risk framework that included moderation. The study followed 72 children who began child care in infancy. Both process and structural aspects of the quality of 11 child…

Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Manlove, Elizabeth E.

2005-01-01

308

Are You An ELF? The Relevance of ELF as an Equitable Social Category in Online Intercultural Communication  

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This paper examines the different social categories that are made relevant when geographically dispersed speakers of English as an additional language communicate in chat rooms. Although the literature characterizes these interactions as English as a lingua franca, this paper explores to what extent interactants see themselves as lingua franca…

Jenks, Christopher

2013-01-01

309

Social Communication Competence and Functional Adaptation in a General Population of Children: Preliminary Evidence for Sex-by-Verbal IQ Differential Risk  

Science.gov (United States)

Results from a Social and Communication Disorders Checklist finds that the scores were continuously distributed in the general population and that boys had mean scores 30 percent higher than girls. Above-average verbal IQ appears to protect female subjects from social communication impairments but not in male subjects. Participants to the study…

Skuse, David H.; Mandy, William D.; Steer, Colin; Miller, Laura L.; Lawrence, Kate; Amond, Alan; Golding, Jean

2009-01-01

310

The Role of Students' Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

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An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students' personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of…

Bakx, A. W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, J. M. M.; Sijtsma, K.; Croon, M. A.; Vermetten, Y. J. M.

2006-01-01

311

Communication, advice exchange and job satisfaction of nursing staff: a social network analyses of 35 long-term care units  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The behaviour of individuals is affected by the social networks in which they are embedded. Networks are also important for the diffusion of information and the influence of employees in organisations. Yet, at the moment little is known about the social networks of nursing staff in healthcare settings. This is the first study that investigates informal communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care. We examine the structure of the networks, how they are related to the size of units and characteristics of nursing staff, and their relationship with job satisfaction. Methods We collected social network data of 380 nursing staff of 35 units in group projects and psychogeriatric units in nursing homes and residential homes in the Netherlands. Communication and advice networks were analyzed in a social network application (UCINET, focusing on the number of contacts (density between nursing staff on the units. We then studied the correlation between the density of networks, size of the units and characteristics of nursing staff. We used multilevel analyses to investigate the relationship between social networks and job satisfaction of nursing staff, taking characteristics of units and nursing staff into account. Results Both communication and advice networks were negatively related to the number of residents and the number of nursing staff of the units. Communication and advice networks were more dense when more staff worked part-time. Furthermore, density of communication networks was positively related to the age of nursing staff of the units. Multilevel analyses showed that job satisfaction differed significantly between individual staff members and units and was influenced by the number of nursing staff of the units. However, this relationship disappeared when density of communication networks was added to the model. Conclusions Overall, communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care are relatively dense. This fits with the high level of cooperation that is needed to provide good care to residents. Social networks are more dense in small units and are also shaped by characteristics of staff members. The results furthermore show that communication networks are important for staff's job satisfaction.

Frijters Dinnus HM

2011-06-01

312

Control over social interactions: an important reason for young people's use of the Internet and mobile phones for communication?  

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This paper reports some research that was undertaken to determine why young people choose to use certain communication media, especially the Internet and mobile phones for social purposes. Focus group methodology was employed in achieving this aim. Specifically, two focus groups containing young people aged 18-20 years were asked to discuss the question "why do you use different communication media, such as the Internet and mobile phones, in your social lives?" Discussions from the sessions were recorded on audiotapes, and then transcribed, and analyzed according to the principles of Grounded Theory. A number of categories emerged from the data. The most significant category indicated that young people often liked to use communication media such as the Internet and mobile phones to communicate because these afforded them control over their interactions. In particular, the data seemed to suggest that participants felt that because some communication media such as email, text messaging and instant messaging can be used asynchronously as well as synchronously, they allow one time to stop and think before giving a response if this is desired, or, alternatively, allowed one to retain the conversational nature of interactions if this is preferred. This gave participants greater control over interactions than they would have if, say, communicating via voice calls using the telephone or face-to-face, which are necessarily synchronous. PMID:17305461

Madell, Dominic E; Muncer, Steven J

2007-02-01

313

The Internet as a New Medium for the Sciences? The Effects of Internet Use on Traditional Scientific Communication Media among Social Scientists in Germany.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses media of scientific communication used for research and publication, focusing on the Internet as medium. Describe a study of German social scientists that investigated the relationship between the Internet and other scientific communication media, including how scientists use the Internet for publication as well as for communication.…

Eisend, Martin

2002-01-01

314

SpaceOps 2012 Plus 2: Social Tools to Simplify ISS Flight Control Communications and Log Keeping  

Science.gov (United States)

A paper written for the SpaceOps 2012 Conference (Simplify ISS Flight Control Communications and Log Keeping via Social Tools and Techniques) identified three innovative concepts for real time flight control communications tools based on social mechanisms: a) Console Log Tool (CoLT) - A log keeping application at Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) that provides "anywhere" access, comment and notifications features similar to those found in Social Networking Systems (SNS), b) Cross-Log Communication via Social Techniques - A concept from Johnsson Space Center's (JSC) Mission Control Center Houston (MCC-H) that would use microblogging's @tag and #tag protocols to make information/requests visible and/or discoverable in logs owned by @Destination addressees, and c) Communications Dashboard (CommDash) - A MSFC concept for a Facebook-like interface to visually integrate and manage basic console log content, text chat streams analogous to voice loops, text chat streams dedicated to particular conversations, generic and position-specific status displays/streams, and a graphically based hailing display. CoLT was deployed operationally at nearly the same time as SpaceOps 2012, the Cross- Log Communications idea is currently waiting for a champion to carry it forward, and CommDash was approved as a NASA Iinformation Technoloby (IT) Labs project. This paper discusses lessons learned from two years of actual CoLT operations, updates CommDash prototype development status, and discusses potential for using Cross-Log Communications in both MCC-H and/or POIC environments, and considers other ways for synergizing console applcations.

Cowart, Hugh S.; Scott, David W.

2014-01-01

315

El riesgo: desafortunadamente un nuevo campo de desempeño profesional para la comunicación social / The Risk: Unfortunately a New Professional Performance Field for the Social Communication Studies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La comunicación estratégica como soporte para la gestión del riesgo evidencia su efectividad en los procesos que generan impacto en la sociedad, como los desastres naturales. Solo ahí se mide la eficacia de las acciones propuestas en los planes estratégicos para la gestión del riesgo y socializadas [...] gracias a la comunicación social. La apuesta sobre la comunicación se convierte en un elemento fundamental, en la medida en que logra facilitar el diálogo de todos los actores sociales, el manejo de conceptos técnicos y la apropiación del tema por medio de estrategias comunicativas que generan conciencia en la población más vulnerable. La comunicación estratégica soportada desde otros conceptos del campo comunicacional trasciende sobre la simple herramienta, para convertirse en un proceso base, consciente, proyectivo, direccionado, metodológico e innovador. Abstract in english As a support for risk management, strategic communication makes evident its effectiveness on the processes that have great impact on societies, such as natural disasters. Unfortunately, only in those moments the real scope of effectiveness of the actions proposed in the strategic plans for Risk Mana [...] gement, and socialized via social communication, is truly measured. The commitment to communication becomes an essential element as it promotes the dialogue between all the social actors. It also promotes the command of technical concepts and the apprehension of topics related to the issue, through communicative strategies that generate consciousness on vulnerable population. In addition, it helps to the implementation of the real concept of sustained local development, as an unavoidable factor to think about disaster risk prevention.

MIGUEL ÁNGEL, IBARRA LÓPEZ.

316

Social Robotic Experience and Media Communication Practices: An Exploration on the Emotional and Ritualized Human-technology-relations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article approaches the subject of social robots by focusing on the emotional relations people establish with media and information and communication technology (ICTs in their everyday life. It examines human-technology-relation from a social studies point of view, seeking to raise questions that enable us to make a connection between the research on human relationships and the topic of human-technology relation, especially human-humanoid-relation. In order to explore the human-technology-relations, theoretical ideas of a mediatization of communication and of a ritual interaction order are applied. Ritual theory is particularly used to enable a focus on emotion as a significant dimension in analyzing social technologies. This explorative article refers to empirical findings regarding media communication practices in close relationships. It argues that following the developed approach regarding mediatized and ritualized relational practices, useful insights for a conceptualization of the human-social robot relation can be achieved. The article concludes with remarks regarding the challenge of an empirical approach to human-social robot-relations.

Christine Linke

2013-01-01

317

The Fukushima nuclear crisis reemphasizes the need for improved risk communication and better use of social media.  

Science.gov (United States)

The potential of social media has expanded far beyond the initial function of social communication among a network of friends. It has become an increasingly important tool in risk communication to allow the dissemination of timely and accurate information to global citizens to make more informed choices regarding a particular crisis. The Fukushima nuclear crisis is an example where the potential of social media was not fully tapped. This caused undue stress and distrust of authorities. While the use of social media in this crisis could have altered significantly the level of trust in authorities and others, two additional points should be considered. One point is the use of plain language versus scientific language in order to reach a wider audience. The other is an urgent need to improve public information especially in the event of a nuclear emergency and to enhance educational efforts and action by improving radiological protection communication from regulatory bodies and international agencies. These are points that also play a large role in the use of social media. PMID:22850236

Ng, Kwan-Hoong; Lean, Mei-Li

2012-09-01

318

Is Social Phobia a “Mis-Communication” Disorder? Brain Functional Connectivity during Face Perception Differs between Patients with Social Phobia and Healthy Control Subjects  

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Recently, a differential recruitment of brain areas throughout the distributed neural system for face perception has been found in social phobic patients as compared to healthy control subjects. These functional abnormalities in social phobic patients extend beyond emotion-related brain areas, such as the amygdala, to include cortical networks that modulate attention and process other facial features, and they are also associated with an alteration of the task-related activation/deactivation trade-off. Functional connectivity is becoming a powerful tool to examine how components of large-scale distributed neural systems are coupled together while performing a specific function. This study was designed to determine whether functional connectivity networks among brain regions within the distributed system for face perception also would differ between social phobic patients and healthy controls. Data were obtained from eight social phobic patients and seven healthy controls by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Our findings indicated that social phobic patients and healthy controls have different patterns of functional connectivity across brain regions within both the core and the extended systems for face perception and the default mode network. To our knowledge, this is the first study that shows that functional connectivity during brain response to socially relevant stimuli differs between social phobic patients and healthy controls. These results expand our previous findings and indicate that brain functional changes in social phobic patients are not restricted to a single specific brain structure, but rather involve a mis-communication among different sensory and emotional processing brain areas. PMID:21152341

Danti, Sabrina; Ricciardi, Emiliano; Gentili, Claudio; Gobbini, Maria Ida; Pietrini, Pietro; Guazzelli, Mario

2010-01-01

319

To act before you react : A case study of agencies, companies and non-profit organizations proactive crisis communications work in social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to compare social media's role in the proactive crisis communication planning in two administrations, two companies and two non-profit organizations. A qualitative comparative study method has been used and people familiar with social media and crisis communications work from each business has been interviewed. The interviews have been transcribed and analyzed to discover the opinions and reasoning about how businesses work with proactive crisis communication and ...

Johansson, Frida

2013-01-01

320

Verbal repetitions and echolalia in Alzheimer's discourse.  

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This article reports on an investigation of echolalic repetition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). A qualitative analysis of data from spontaneous conversations with MHI, a woman with AD, is presented. The data come from the DALI Corpus, a corpus of spontaneous conversations involving subjects with AD. This study argues that echolalic effects can be explained through an analysis of their formal linguistic aspects, such as intonational-prosodic and enunciative-syntactic features. The analysis shows that the description of echolalic repetitions in these terms can help find parameters for the description of the linguistic and communicative characteristics of AD. This analysis even shows how a previous speech turn serves as a base for the elaboration of the next turn by the participant with AD. It also contributes to the understanding of echolalic productions in AD. PMID:20964503

Da Cruz, Fernanda Miranda

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
321

Comunicação para mudança social: projeto Canal*Motoboy / Communications for social change: project Canal*Motoboy / Comunicación para el cambio social: proyecto Canal*Motoboy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Na atualidade, a mídia de referência enfrenta a propagação dos meios alternativos dirigidos à democratização das informações geradas por cidadãos comuns. O Canal*Motoboy constitui exemplo desta modalidade de comunicação. Sua proposta é consolidar uma estrutura aberta para dar voz ao coletivo de moto [...] boys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Devidamente treinados e recorrendo ao celular multimídia, registram seu dia a dia no website Canal*Motoboy. Este artigo analisa o projeto, a partir da concepção da comunicação para mudança social, uma vez que o direito à liberdade de expressão, historicamente, tem sido expropriado dos cidadãos por conta da expansão vertiginosa dos conglomerados comunicacionais. Além da revisão de literatura, o objeto de estudo segue perspectiva qualitativa mediante uso das técnicas de observação e de entrevista em profundidade para obtenção de informações complementares junto aos atores do coletivo. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación de referencia se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones, generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar [...] una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado de los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo. Abstract in english Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by "common citizens". The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Cata [...] lan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys¹ from São Paulo (SP), Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Maria das Graças, Targino; Alisson Dias, Gomes.

2011-12-01

322

Communication-oriented person-organization fit as a key factor of job-seeking behaviors: millennials' social media use and attitudes toward organizational social media policies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this study was to assess how the millennial generation perceives companies that have different social media policies and how such perception influences key variables for job-seeking behaviors, including perceived person-organization fit (POF), organizational attraction, and job pursuit intention. Results from a univariate general linear model and path analysis supported all of the established hypotheses. In particular, the results revealed that millennials perceived higher POF for a company with organizational policies supporting employees' social media use. Further, organizational attractiveness significantly mediated the relationship between communication-oriented POF and job pursuit intention. PMID:23848961

Cho, Jaehee; Park, Dong Jin; Ordonez, Zoa

2013-11-01

323

Combining Social Media with Innovative Ways of Communicating about the James Webb Space Telescope  

Science.gov (United States)

In keeping with the cutting-edge nature of the James Webb Space Telescope, NASA is using a variety of social and interactive media to engage the public. While we do have a regularly updated static website, we are now also using various interactives (like Flash games and a 3D Tour of the spacecraft) to better explain what the Webb telescope is and how it works. To encourage future generations, we are a partner in an educational engineering design challenge which makes use of a virtual Second Life-like world. Additionally, the public can now watch Webb come together before their eyes by accessing our live webcam, which shows telescope hardware being built in our cleanroom. We are working to make Webb as much of a part of pop culture as the Hubble Space Telescope is. We facilitated the filming of a "Late Night with Jimmy Fallon” segment (called "Hubble Gotchu") featuring Webb and Webb scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. A visit to the highly rated sitcom "The Big Bang Theory” resulted in Webb lithos, magnets, posters, a scale model, and more being regularly featured on the set of the show. The most important aspect to creating interesting ways to engage the public is having the ability to communicate and form relationships with as many people as possible. To that end, we are using tools like blogs (e.g., NASA Blueshift) and popular social media (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr) to reach out to as many people as we can and to enable them to share and spread the content we provide.

Masetti, Margaret

2012-01-01

324

Nuclear Regulatory Organisations, the Internet and Social Media: The What, How and Why of Their Use as Communication Tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

'Social media' is a term referring to various activities that integrate technology, social interaction and content creation. Social media can also be thought of as a way of using technology to 'enable conversations' that take place outside of the constraints of time and location - people can access the information any time of the day or night, from anywhere. Social media builds on the communication advances - and advantages of the Internet - but has increasingly become a communication vehicle far surpassing its predecessor. It is fast, cheap to the consumer, easily available and part of the fabric of people's lives. Social media also magnifies information as it enables conversation that everyone can participate in. Videos 'go viral' and are seen by millions of people, tweets are re-tweeted again and again, and information is 'shared' to multiplicities of friends on Facebook. Public relations practitioners around the world have been paying attention to social media as an important communication tool. Research done in 2010 by the public relations firm Burston-Marsteller found that eight of 10 Fortune Global 100 companies used at least one of the most popular social media platforms i.e. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube or corporate blogging. In the United States, virtually all of the major federal agencies use at least some of the 'big four' platforms. Many, if not all, of the nuclear regulatory organisations (NROs) represented in the Working Group on Public Communication use at least some social media. At a minimum, they are monitoring social media as they are also monitoring traditional media. However, a post-Fukushima informal poll indicated many nations' nuclear regulators are looking at broadening their social media use, although some may not know how to proceed, and everyone can benefit from the 'lessons learned' by others. This report outlines the most popular social media tools available today, provides tips and techniques that have worked for nuclear regulators around the world, and when appropriate, provides case studies and links to help regulators create, maintain or improve their social media usage. It is important to note that social media moves very quickly, and many of the statistics provided by the NROs for initial versions of this report are now outdated. In addition, in some instances, NROs not cited in this report are now using social media platforms as new additions to their communication and outreach programs. It is also expected that new social media platforms will be presenting themselves as future options, and some platforms may fall out of favour over time. With that in mind, this report will be fully updated with new information, statistics and case studies in a few years. To make it easy to access online, and to enhance readability, the web sites cited throughout this report are embedded in the text rather than written out in their entirety. (authors)

325

Video Modeling and the Expression of Social Communication and Behavior Skills in Preschool and Elementary School Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent times have seen an increasing prevalence and incidence of children with ASD in school settings. Social, cognitive, and language process deficits directly impact the ability of children with ASD to effectively functioning within the complex social setting of schools. In particular, deficits are noted in the areas of social communication and…

Kutty, Seema

2012-01-01

326

Autism spectrum disorders. Recent advances in the research on the impairment in social communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since the discovery of early infantile autism (1943), the etiology of the disease has for long been a matter of dispute-from a form of innate schizophrenia, maltreatment by 'refrigerator mother', to dysfunction of speech development. After the re-discovery of Asperger syndrome by Wing (1981), the concept of this diverse syndrome complex has merged to pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) or autism spectrum disorders (ASD). People suffering from Asperger syndrome do not show impairments in speech development, in fact, they have good linguistic abilities. They can explain their own psychopathology, which helps in the understanding of classical autism with profound mental retardation. Currently, ASD is prevalent in 1 of 150 births with strong genetic inheritance. ASD is therefore thought a psychiatric common disease. Asperger syndrome has frequently been the subject of neuroimaging studies, since social communication is an important characteristic of human behavior. This review encompasses a historical and clinical overview of ASD and puts force the current perspectives on the researches in animal models, genetic studies of animal and human samples, and neuroimaging studies. Our current focus is the possible role of oxytocin, which was recently found to have an effect on empathy, in the etiology of ASD. (author)

327

Doctor-patient communication: a social and micro-political performance.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the United States the medical relationship is asymmetrical. Doctors not only control medical knowledge, they also have an institutionally based authority which allows them to act as gatekeepers, providing options to some while denying them to others. This study, conducted in a model family practice clinic of a teaching hospital, examines how decisions to do, or not to do, Pap smears are negotiated as residents and a potentially high-risk group of patients communicate. Decision-making occurs in layered phases--opening, medical history, physical examination, and closing. Each phase expresses the doctor's control and the patient's trust. Doctors initiate phases, develop topics and make key choices. They decide when patients undress--a choice which shapes the later Pap smear decision. Decisions to undress patients and to perform Pap smears or decisions not to undress patients and not to perform Pap smears produce no conflict. When there is a conflict, avoidance strategies--bowing to higher-level specialists, selling and unselling, and letting silence speak--are used negotiating devices. The doctor's choice and the patient's agreement produce a specific and a more general outcome--managing the presenting complaint and providing medically adequate health care, respectively. Although interactionally accomplished, these outcomes are institutionally constrained, and, thus are both a social and a micro-political performance. PMID:10266301

Fisher, S

1984-03-01

328

Can information and communication technologies support patient engagement? A review of opportunities and challenges in health social work.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite becoming a prerequisite for participation in an information-based society, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) within social work and health care remains in its infancy. Currently, there is a push to adopt newer technologies to enhance practice. This article aims to highlight some of the innovative ways in which ICT have been adopted and adapted to augment social work practice. The need for social workers to become proficient in the use of newer technologies, opportunities for implementing ICT within a health care setting, and potential challenges at the professional, ethical, and systemic level are explored. Using the available literature as a guide, recommendations and strategies to strengthen implementation of ICTs into health social work are provided. PMID:25321933

Craig, Shelley L; Calleja Lorenzo, Maria Victoria

2014-10-01

329

Genomic analysis of the interactions between social environment and social communication systems in honey bees (Apis mellifera).  

Science.gov (United States)

Social context is often a primary regulator of social behavior, but genes that affect or are affected by social context have rarely been investigated. In social insects, caste specific pheromones are key modulators of social behavior, e.g., in honey bees the queen mandibular gland (MG) pheromone mediates reproductive dominance, its absence prompting ovary activation and queen pheromone production in workers. Here, we investigate the effect of social environment on genome-wide expression patterns in the MG, to determine how social context modulates expression of genes that, in turn alter social environment. We used microarrays to examine the MGs of virgin and mated queens, and queenright (QR) and queenless (QL) workers with or without activated ovaries. Approximately 2554 transcripts were significantly differentially expressed among these groups, with caste and social context being the main regulators of gene expression patterns, while physiological state (ovary activation) only minimally affecting gene expression. Thus, social context strongly regulates expression of genes, which, in turn, shape social environment. Among these, 25 genes that are putatively involved in caste selective production of the fatty-acid derived MG pheromone were differentially expressed in queens and workers. These genes whose functions correspond with enzymatic or transport processes emphasize the occurrence of disparate pheromone biosynthetic pathways for queens and workers, adding another dimension regarding the regulation of these important pheromones. Gene ontology analysis also revealed genes of different functional categories whose expression was impacted by caste or by the social environment, suggesting that the MG has broader functions than pheromone biosynthesis. PMID:24486775

Malka, Osnat; Niño, Elina L; Grozinger, Christina M; Hefetz, Abraham

2014-04-01

330

Social marketing communication in a multicultural environment: Practical issues and theoretical contributions from cross-cultural marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social marketing communication (social marcom campaign production can be more challenging when the audience includes individuals from ‘culturally and linguistically diverse’ (CALD communities. Additional issues such as culturally related values, practices, and attitudes need consideration. Normally, social marcoms campaigns for CALD audiences involve directly translating mainstream campaign material into various ethnic groups’ languages. However, little is understood about the issues beyond translation that confront practitioners adapting mainstream campaigns.This article presents a case study analysis of work undertaken by the New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service (MHCS. The Service’s core activity is adaptation of social marcoms campaigns for use with CALD audiences. Data for the case was collected from staff, MHCS clients, and members of target audiences. Four key issues emerge as significant in the process of adapting social marcoms campaigns at MHCS. These are: segmenting and identifying the target audience; adapting message content; source credibility; and integrating the adapted campaign with its mainstream counterpart.To provide theoretical insights and strategies to address these issues this article draws on cross-cultural marketing theory. For example, the theory of acculturation is used to provide an alternative to current segmentation practices. In the same vein, theories associated with the application of cultural typologies are used to explain why the practice of adaptation is not always successful. The article concludes by considering the implications of this study for further research.

Gary Noble.

2005-01-01

331

Communication  

... If in doubt, do the elevator test - imagine you have to convince someone of the brilliance of your idea in the thirty seconds or so it takes to ride an elevator to the ground floor of a building. Try it out: do a practice ... The more you apply the elevator test, the more success you will have as a communicator. And be strict: if you can’t express all the fundamentals in thirty seconds, the chances are that people will simply drift off. Rule 2: Mind ...

332

La Comunicación en Redes Sociales: Percepciones y Usos de las Ong Españolas / Social Network Communication: Perceptions and Uses for Spanish NGOs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer cuáles son las percepciones y usos que las ONG españolas analizadas hacen de las redes sociales. Se realiza una investigación cuantitativa con cuestionarios y otra cualitativa con dos grupos focales para valorar los aspectos positivos y negativos que afec [...] tan al uso de las redes sociales. Se analiza el papel de estas en la planificación de la comunicación y se adelantan expectativas de futuro de mejora de la creatividad e innovación de los mensajes y de perfeccionamiento en la medición de eficacia de la comunicación en las redes sociales. Abstract in english The aim of the current investigation is to discover the perceptions and uses of Social Networks for Spanish NGOs. Two research lines have been stated, a quantitative one based on a poll, and another one qualitative and based on the pro/con valuation of two designed groups. The role of Social Network [...] s in the communication plan of the NGOs has been analyzed, foreseeing the possible upcoming needs. The scope of the reference analysis includes aspects of creativity and innovation in the message release, as well as the measure methodologies optimization within the Social Networking.

Isidoro, Arroyo Almaraz; Antonio J, Baladrón Pazos; Rebeca, Martín Nieto.

333

La Comunicación en Redes Sociales: Percepciones y Usos de las Ong Españolas / Social Network Communication: Perceptions and Uses for Spanish NGOs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer cuáles son las percepciones y usos que las ONG españolas analizadas hacen de las redes sociales. Se realiza una investigación cuantitativa con cuestionarios y otra cualitativa con dos grupos focales para valorar los aspectos positivos y negativos que afec [...] tan al uso de las redes sociales. Se analiza el papel de estas en la planificación de la comunicación y se adelantan expectativas de futuro de mejora de la creatividad e innovación de los mensajes y de perfeccionamiento en la medición de eficacia de la comunicación en las redes sociales. Abstract in english The aim of the current investigation is to discover the perceptions and uses of Social Networks for Spanish NGOs. Two research lines have been stated, a quantitative one based on a poll, and another one qualitative and based on the pro/con valuation of two designed groups. The role of Social Network [...] s in the communication plan of the NGOs has been analyzed, foreseeing the possible upcoming needs. The scope of the reference analysis includes aspects of creativity and innovation in the message release, as well as the measure methodologies optimization within the Social Networking.

Isidoro, Arroyo Almaraz; Antonio J, Baladrón Pazos; Rebeca, Martín Nieto.

2013-06-01

334

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

The organisation of the Open Days at the end of September was the single biggest effort of the CMS Communications Group this year. We would like to thank all volunteers for their hard work to show our Point 5 facilities and explain science and technology to the general public. During two days more than 5,000 people visited the CMS detector underground and profited from the surface activities, which included an exhibition on CMS, a workshop on superconductivity, and an activity for our younger visitors involving wooden Kapla blocks. The Communications Group took advantage of the preparations to produce new CMS posters that can be reused at other venues. Event display images have been produced not just for this occasion but also for other exhibits, education purposes, publications etc. During the Open Days, Gilles Jobin, 2012 winner of CERN Collide@CERN prize, performed his Quantum show in Point 5, with the light installation of German artist Julius von Bismarck. Image 3: CERN Open Days at CMS wel...

A. Petrilli

2013-01-01

335

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT) [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP) [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF) [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this resear...

Rui Gu; Kunihiko Higa; Moodie, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

336

Proceedings ?f the International scientific and practical conference «University’s Library at a New Stage Of Social Communications Development»  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

These Proceedings include reports of scholars and practitioners of library and information sector of higher education institutions in Ukraine and abroad, theorists and practitioners of cultural and educational sector, specialists in development of information technologies and systems, scholars and practitioners in the field of social communications. Collection materials presents all aspects of universities libraries evolution, concretizes questions of theory and practice of library and inf...

2013-01-01

337

Rodent ultrasonic communication: Male prosocial 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations elicit social approach behavior in female rats (Rattus norvegicus).  

Science.gov (United States)

Rats emit distinct types of ultrasonic vocalizations (USV), which serve as situation-dependent affective signals with important communicative functions. Low-frequency 22-kHz USV typically occur in aversive situations, such as social defeat, whereas high-frequency 50-kHz USV can be observed in appetitive situations, like rough-and-tumble-play in juveniles or mating in adults. The 2 main USV types serve distinct communicative functions and induce call-specific behavioral responses in the receiver. While 22-kHz USV probably serve as alarm calls, 50-kHz USV appear to serve a prosocial communicative function in the sexual and the nonsexual context. In the sexual context, however, this view has recently been challenged by playback studies where only very limited behavioral changes were observed in response to prosocial 50-kHz USV. The aim of the present study was therefore to test whether female rats display social approach behavior in response to male prosocial 50-kHz USV by means of our established playback paradigm. To this aim, we exposed female rats to playback of the following 2 acoustic stimuli: (a) natural male 50-kHz USV and (b) time- and amplitude-matched white noise, with the latter serving as acoustic control for novelty-induced changes in behavior not linked to the communicative function of male prosocial 50-kHz USV. Our present findings show that female rats display high levels of social approach behavior in response to male prosocial 50-kHz USV, but not time- and amplitude-matched white noise, supporting the conclusion that male prosocial 50-kHz USV are likely to play an important role in establishing social proximity and possibly regulate mating behavior. PMID:24188619

Willadsen, Maria; Seffer, Dominik; Schwarting, Rainer K W; Wöhr, Markus

2014-02-01

338

Research on online video games: an analysis of communication processes from the perspective of social and technological innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our study relates specifically massively multiplayer online games (known by the acronym MMOG. Our hypothesis is that this type of game is a medium of socialization, a mediation mechanism for sharing information on a large scale, because its universe of encounters and its network of exchange. More specifically, the present article raises a particular aspect of MMOGs, the appropriation by the players of the communication media and the development of addons.

Maude BONENFANT

2010-01-01

339

Communication and social capital in the control of avian influenza: lessons from behaviour change experiences in the Mekong Region.  

Science.gov (United States)

International development agencies, national governments, and nongovernmental organizations are increasingly collaborating with local civil society groups in mounting behaviour change communication (BCC) interventions. Even in countries with weakened civil societies, the social capital of local organizations can be a fundamental communication resource. The experience of three programmes in the Mekong Region that used BCC to prevent and control outbreaks of avian influenza bore out this finding. These programmes worked with the Vietnam Women's Union to mobilize local women as conduits for education; worked with the Centre d'Etude et de Developpement Agricole Cambodgien (CEDAC), in Cambodia, to educate and train village health promoters and model farmers; and worked with the Lao Journalists Association to educate and build skills among print and broadcast journalists to enhance avian influenza coverage. Collaborating with civil society organizations can enhance communication reach, trust, and local ownership, but poses many challenges, particularly institutional capacity. Our experience, nevertheless, holds promise for a measured approach that views social capital as a set of communication resources at the community level that can be mobilized to promote complex behaviours, particularly in a rapidly changing outbreak situation. PMID:19288371

Waisbord, S R; Michaelides, T; Rasmuson, M

2008-01-01

340

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

 
 
 
 
341

Neural Basis of Repetition Priming during Mathematical Cognition: Repetition Suppression or Repetition Enhancement?  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the neural basis of repetition priming (RP) during mathematical cognition. Previous studies of RP have focused on repetition suppression as the basis of behavioral facilitation, primarily using word and object identification and classification tasks. More recently, researchers have suggested associative stimulus-response learning…

Salimpoor, Valorie N.; Chang, Catie; Menon, Vinod

2010-01-01

342

Fiction as a Medium of Social Communication in 19th Century France  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE AR-SA This article will present the extent to which literature could be viewed as means of social communication – i.e. informing and influencing society – in 19thcentury France, by analysing the appearance of three authors at different points:  the beginning, the middle and the end of the century. The first is the case of Balzac at the beginning of the 19th Century who becomes the most successful novelist of the century in France and who, in his prolific expression and rich vocabulary, portrays society from various angles in a huge opus of almost 100 works, 93 of them making his Comédie humaine. The second is the case of Gustave Flaubert whose famous novel Madame Bovary, which depicts a female character in a realist but also in a psychologically conscious manner, around the mid-19th century reaches French courts together with Les Fleurs du Mal by Charles Baudelaire and is exposed as being socially judged for its alleged immorality. The last is the political affair of Dreyfus and its defender Emile Zola, the father of naturalism. This case confirms the establishment of more intense relations between writer and politics and builds a solid way for a more conscious and everyday political engagement in the literary world from the end of the 19th century onwards. These three are the most important cases which illustrate how fiction functioned in relation to society, state and readership in 19th century France. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;}

Sabina Pstrocki-Sehovic

2014-10-01

343

Bibliometric dimension of innovation communication productivity of Tata Institute of Social Sciences  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Bibliometric analysis of 663 papers published by the social scientists of Tata Institute of Social Sciences during 1990-2000 in diverse domains: Criminology and Correctional Administration, Extra Mural Studies, Family and Child Welfare, Health Service Studies, Medical and Psychiatric Social work, Personnel Management and Industrial Relations, Research Methodology, Social Welfare Administration, and Urban and Rural Community Development, and Research Units: Social Work Education and Practice ...

Koganuramath, M. M.; Angadi, Mallikarjun; Kademani, B. S.

2002-01-01

344

Is Social Phobia a “mis-communication” disorder? Brain functional connectivity during face perception differs between patients with Social Phobia and healthy control subjects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently, a differential recruitment of brain areas throughout the distributed neural system for face perception has been found in social phobic patients as compared to healthy control subjects. These functional abnormalities in social phobic patients extend beyond emotion-related brain areas, such as the amygdala, to include cortical networks that modulate attention and process other facial features, and they are also associated with an alteration of the task-related activation/deactivation trade-off. Functional connectivity is becoming a powerful tool to examine how components of large-scale distributed neural systems are coupled together while performing a specific function. This study was designed to determine whether functional connectivity networks among brain regions within the distributed system for face perception also would differ between social phobic patients and healthy controls. Data were obtained from eight social phobic patients and seven healthy controls by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI. Our findings indicated that social phobic patients and healthy controls have different patterns of functional connectivity across brain regions within both the core and the extended systems for face perception and the default mode network (DMN. To our knowledge, this is the first study that shows that functional connectivity during brain response to socially relevant stimuli differs between social phobic patients and healthy controls. These results expand our previous findings and indicate that brain functional changes in social phobic patients are not restricted to a single specific brain structure, but rather involve a mis-communication among different sensory and emotional processing brain areas.

SabrinaDanti

2010-11-01

345

Repetitive Delone Sets and Quasicrystals  

CERN Document Server

This paper considers the problem of characterizing the simplest discrete point sets that are aperiodic, using invariants based on topological dynamics. A Delone set whose patch-counting function N(T), for radius T, is finite for all T is called repetitive if there is a function M(T) such that every ball of radius M(T)+T contains a copy of each kind of patch of radius T that occurs in the set. This is equivalent to the minimality of an associated topological dynamical system with R^n-action. There is a lower bound for M(T) in terms of N(T), namely N(T) = O(M(T)^n), but no general upper bound. The complexity of a repetitive Delone set can be measured by the growth rate of its repetitivity function M(T). For example, M(T) is bounded if and only if the set is a crystal. A set is called is linearly repetitive if M(T) = O(T) and densely repetitive if M(T) = O(N(T))^{1/n}). We show that linearly repetitive sets and densely repetitive sets have strict uniform patch frequencies, i.e. the associated topological dynamic...

Lagarias, J C; Lagarias, Jeffery C.; Pleasants, Peter A. B.

1999-01-01

346

Accessibility to information and communications technology for the social participation of youths with disabilities: a two-way street.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined by mixed method the effectiveness of an accessibility to Information and Communications Technology (ICT) program that provided computers, assistive technology, tutors, and internet connection to 65 youths with severe disabilities (aged 13.22 ± 3.4 years) in their homes. The quantitative evaluation included assessment of computer task performance, computer skills, and participation in social ICT leisure activities before and after the program. Findings revealed low baseline and significant progress on most outcome measures 6 months after the program, mostly among those youths who had tutors. Additional in-depth interviews were conducted 1 year later with 10 participants to explore their ICT use and its impact on their social participation. The analysis revealed a significant contribution of the ICT use, while critical thinking about its risks and some disappointment with the social needs that ICT does not address. Our findings raise awareness of 'two-way streets' policies and programs to ensure e-inclusion. PMID:24604741

Schreuer, Naomi; Keter, Ayala; Sachs, Dalia

2014-01-01

347

The Communication of Meaning in Anticipatory Systems: A Simulation Study of the Dynamics of Intentionality in Social Interactions  

CERN Document Server

Psychological and social systems provide us with a natural domain for the study of anticipations because these systems are based on and operate in terms of intentionality. Psychological systems can be expected to contain a model of themselves and their environments social systems can be strongly anticipatory and therefore co-construct their environments, for example, in techno-economic (co-)evolutions. Using Duboi's hyper-incursive and incursive formulations of the logistic equation, these two types of systems and their couplings can be simulated. In addition to their structural coupling, psychological and social systems are also coupled by providing meaning reflexively to each other's meaning-processing. Luhmann's distinctions among (1) interactions between intentions at the micro-level, (2) organization at the meso-level, and (3) self-organization of the fluxes of meaningful communication at the global level can be modeled and simulated using three hyper-incursive equations. The global level of self-organiz...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

348

Análisis de la planeación estratégica de la comunicación en cuatro proyectos de intervención social en Montería / Analysis of Communication Strategic Planning in four Social Intervention Projects in Montería  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El artículo plantea los desafíos que enfrentan los profesionales, las organizaciones gestoras de iniciativas sociales y los beneficiarios, en torno al proceso de planeación de la comunicación de los proyectos de intervención social llevados a cabo en la ciudad de Montería. Se analizaron cuatro progr [...] amas de comunicación estratégica de los proyectos Reciclando Ando, Plan Departamental de Aguas, Implementación de Parcelas Productivas y Desarrollo Sostenible de las Artesanías de Córdoba, desarrollados por las organizaciones Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel y la Corporación de los Valles del Sinú y San Jorge, respectivamente. Se realizó un análisis individual de cada caso, que incluyó diferentes estrategias de contacto con la realidad objeto de estudio, como el análisis documental, la entrevista, el grupo focal y la observación participante, lo que permitió metodológicamente alimentar la documentación teórica, la interpretación de evidencias y la interacción del investigador con los actores y sus realidades. Los resultados evidenciaron que estas instituciones relegan la comunicación a un uso instrumental; no la emplean de forma estratégica (sistemática, organizada, probada, integradora y articulada al proceso de planeación de los proyectos de intervención social) y no incluyen mecanismos de integración y participación activa de los grupos de interés involucrados con estas iniciativas. Abstract in english This article refers to the challenge faced by professionals, organizations interested in social initiatives and beneficiaries around social intervention projects communication planning process carried out in Monteria city. Four programs of project strategic communication were analyzed: ''We are Recy [...] cling, State Water Plans, Implementation of Productive Areas, and sustainable Development of Cordoba handcrafts, developed by the following organizations: Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel, and Corporación de los Valles del Sinú and San Jorge, respectively. An individual analysis of each case was carried out. It included different contact strategies with the study object such as documental analysis, the interview, focal group, and participant observation which allowed feeding -methodologically- theoretical documentation, interpretation of evidences, and the interaction of the researcher with agents and their realities. Results showed that these institutions give communication am instrumental use, they do not use it in a strategic way (systematic, organized, proved, integrating, and articulated to the planning process of social intervention projects) and doe not include integration and active participation mechanisms of interest groups involved in these initiatives.

Ana Lorena, Malluk Marenco.

2013-05-01

349

Environmental and social communication and the politics feasibility of the electric sector enterprises  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper updates and presents the conceptual bases of socio-environmental communication and some theoretical aspects relating with political feasibility of enterprises of electric sector, using itself of knowledge produced about the theme and the present experiences of the some sector companies. The following aspects are also included: historical of works about the subject; the present position of electric sector; detailed conceptual bases of political feasibility and socio-environmental communication; existing generation and that one planned in decennial plan of expansion 1993/2002 demonstrating the necessity of socio-environmental communication; conditions and challenges to the use of socio-environmental communications. (C.M.)

350

"I'll See You on IM, Text, or Call You": A Social Network Approach of Adolescents' Use of Communication Media  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores some possibilities of social network analysis for studying adolescents' communication patterns. A full network analysis was conducted on third-grade high school students (15 year olds, 137 students) in Belgium. The results pointed out that face-to-face communication was still the most prominent way for information to flow…

Van Cleemput, Katrien

2010-01-01

351

Next-Generation Strategic Communication: Building Influence through Online Social Networking.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social networks existed long before MySpace and Facebook hit the headlines. Sociologists and researchers have used the term 'social networks' for over a century to describe complex sets of relationships between members of social systems at all levels. At ...

H. Blas-Irizarry, J. G. Gendron, J. W. Boggs

2009-01-01

352

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles ...

Wd, Stanish; Me, Forsythe; Neil Ba, O.

2001-01-01

353

Responsabilidad social corporativa (RSC) y comunicación: la agenda de las grandes empresas mexicanas / Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Communication: The Agenda of Mexico's Large Companies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación pionera en México acerca de cómo es la comunicación de la responsabilidad social corporativa(RSC) en el país y cómo es esa responsabilidad (prácticas más comunes, áreas más atendidas, programas, stakeholders, etc.), a partir de lo que dicen [...] al respecto (por internet) las 25 empresas más importantes de México, según la revista mexicana Expansión Abstract in english This article presents the results obtained from a pioneering research in Mexico. Such research describes communication initiatives concerning Corporate Social Responsibility in the country, as well as CSR practices (most common practices, areas mostly dealt with, programs, stakeholders, etc.). It is [...] based on online statements by the 25 top companies in Mexico, according to the Mexican magazine Expansion

MARIELA, PÉREZ CHAVARRÍA.

2009-12-01

354

Responsabilidad social corporativa (RSC) y comunicación: la agenda de las grandes empresas mexicanas / Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Communication: The Agenda of Mexico's Large Companies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación pionera en México acerca de cómo es la comunicación de la responsabilidad social corporativa(RSC) en el país y cómo es esa responsabilidad (prácticas más comunes, áreas más atendidas, programas, stakeholders, etc.), a partir de lo que dicen [...] al respecto (por internet) las 25 empresas más importantes de México, según la revista mexicana Expansión Abstract in english This article presents the results obtained from a pioneering research in Mexico. Such research describes communication initiatives concerning Corporate Social Responsibility in the country, as well as CSR practices (most common practices, areas mostly dealt with, programs, stakeholders, etc.). It is [...] based on online statements by the 25 top companies in Mexico, according to the Mexican magazine Expansion

MARIELA, PÉREZ CHAVARRÍA.

355

Observing Purchase-Related Parent-Child Communication in Retail Environments: A Developmental and Socialization Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

In a quantitative observation study, we unobtrusively examined purchase-related communication between 0- to 12-year-old children and their parents (N = 269 dyads) during supermarket and toy store visits. The aims of the study were to determine (a) the development of purchase-related parent-child communication (i.e., children's purchase influence…

Buijzen, Moniek; Valkenburg, Patti M.

2008-01-01

356

Consumers and Corporate Social Responsibility Communication: What Do They Really Want?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper questions and discusses whether the currently recommended way of communicating CSR to the increasingly important stakeholder group consisting of consumers will also be the optimum way to represent corporate values and behaviour in the future? Maybe it is time to challenge current thinking within the field of CSR communication suggesting that companies should apply a very subtle, implicit and sometimes even endorsed way of communicating CSR in order to inhibit scepticism and enhance persuasion. Perhaps the young consumers- the consumers of the future - are ready for another approach because they have a different understanding and awareness of CSR than we have seen so far? The question is, then, how companies can accommodate this understanding and awareness rhetorically in their communication of CSR. In this paper, a new conceptual model for communicating CSR to consumers is presented along with the theoretical background for a consumer survey aiming to test and develop the model further.

Schmeltz, Line

357

Effects of social environment and personality on communication in male Siamese fighting fish in an artificial network  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Individuals of the same species, sex, age and size may differ in suites of behaviour traits in a consistent manner across time and may thus represent different personalities. In a communication context, the personality of an individual may both affect and be affected by the behaviour of the individuals surrounding it within a network. We investigated the effects of a change of local social environment on two behavioural types, ‘persistent' versus ‘sporadic' signaller, in Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens. Males visually interacted for 1 day in a communication network of seven fish in tanks arranged in a hexagonal grid, while we recorded space use and signalling data. We then exchanged the positions of two males with different behavioural types and observed them interacting the following day. ‘Persistent' signallers were unaffected by the treatment, while ‘sporadic' signallers increased the time spent in the inner front part of their tank, from which they could observe but not interact with the neighbours. Social instability (i.e. number of changed neighbours) raised the signalling levels of individuals independently of their behavioural types. We discuss the relationship between information gathering in a communication network and network composition in terms of behavioural types of its members.

Matessi, Giuliano; Matos, Ricardo Jorge Santa Clara

2010-01-01

358

SETI meets a social intelligence: Dolphins as a model for real-time interaction and communication with a sentient species  

Science.gov (United States)

In the past SETI has focused on the reception and deciphering of radio signals from potential remote civilizations. It is conceivable that real-time contact and interaction with a social intelligence may occur in the future. A serious look at the development of relationship, and deciphering of communication signals within and between a non-terrestrial, non-primate sentient species is relevant. Since 1985 a resident community of free-ranging Atlantic spotted dolphins has been observed regularly in the Bahamas. Life history, relationships, regular interspecific interactions with bottlenose dolphins, and multi-modal underwater communication signals have been documented. Dolphins display social communication signals modified for water, their body types, and sensory systems. Like anthropologists, human researchers engage in benign observation in the water and interact with these dolphins to develop rapport and trust. Many individual dolphins have been known for over 20 years. Learning the culturally appropriate etiquette has been important in the relationship with this alien society. To engage humans in interaction the dolphins often initiate spontaneous displays, mimicry, imitation, and synchrony. These elements may be emergent/universal features of one intelligent species contacting another for the intention of initiating interaction. This should be a consideration for real-time contact and interaction for future SETI work.

Herzing, Denise L.

2010-12-01

359

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

360

Propuestas para la investigavción en comunicación audiovisual: publicidad social y creación colectiva en Internet / Research proposals for audiovisual communication: social advertising and collective creation on the internet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: La sociedad de la información digital plantea nuevos retos a los investigadores. A mediada que la comunicación audiovisual se ha consolidado como disciplina, los estudios culturales se muestran como una perspectiva de análisis ventajosa para acercarse a las nuevas prácticas creativas y de consumo del medio audiovisual. Este artículo defiende el estudio de los productos culturales audiovisuales que esta sociedad digital produce por cuanto son un testimonio de los cambios sociales que se operan en ella. En concreto se propone el acercamiento a la publicidad social y a los objetos de creación colectiva en Internet como medio para conocer las circunstancias de nuestra sociedad. Abstract: The information society poses new challenges to researchers. While audiovisual communication has been consolidated as a discipline, cultural studies is an advantageous analytical perspective to approach the new creative practices and consumption of audiovisual media. This article defends the study of audiovisual cultural products produced by the digital society because they are a testimony of the social changes taking place in it. Specifically, it proposes an approach to social advertising and objects of collective creation on the Internet as a means to know the circumstances of our society.

Teresa Fraile Prieto

2011-09-01

 
 
 
 
361

Internet como marco de comunicación e interacción social The Internet as a framework for communication and social interaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudian las interacciones sociales en Internet, a partir de las respuestas de un cuestionario on-line. Se analizan las características sociodemográficas, los hábitos y las relaciones de estos usuarios en la Red. Internet se manifiesta como un espacio de interacción social, en el que las relaciones personales han tenido lugar en una gran mayoría de usuarios. Estas relaciones se muestran, en algunos aspectos, de forma diferente a las que tienen lugar cara a cara. Asimismo, las motivaciones y las consecuencias de mantener relaciones personales reflejan resultados diferentes con relación al sexo y al estado civil de los internautas. This article addresses social interaction on the Internet using an online questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics are analysed as well as the web users habits and relationships. The Internet is a social interactive place where personal relationships among users develop into important aspects of their lives. These relationships develop in different ways to relationships where people meet face to face. Also, motivation and the consequences of maintaining a personal relationships reflect, different results when comparing the web users gender and marital status.

Félix Moral Toranzo

2009-03-01

362

Modelos de determinação social das doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis Models of social determination of chronic non-communicable diseases  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Este ensaio revisa criticamente marcos referenciais e modelos teóricos de determinação social das chamadas Doenças Crônicas Não-Transmissíveis. A sociologia funcionalista gerou modelos socioculturais de saúde que influenciaram o campo de investigação epidemiológica da chamada "nova morbidade" (basicamente enfermidades crônicas e degenerativas), posteriormente agrupados sob o rótulo genérico de Teoria do Estresse. Analisam-se abordagens neodurkheimianas das desigualdades sociais,...

Naomar Almeida-Filho

2004-01-01

363

Two-person neuroscience and naturalistic social communication: The role of language and linguistic variables in brain-coupling research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social cognitive neuroscience (SCN seeks to understand the brain mechanisms through which we comprehend others’ emotions and intentions in order to react accordingly. For decades, SCN has explored relevant domains by exposing individual participants to predesigned stimuli and asking them to judge their social (e.g., emotional content. Subjects are thus reduced to detached observers of situations they play no active role in. However, the core of our social experience is construed through real-time interactions requiring the active negotiation of information with other people. To gain more relevant insights into the workings of the social brain, the incipient field of two-person neuroscience (2PN advocates the study of brain-to-brain coupling through multi-participant experiments. In this paper, we argue that the study of online language-based communication constitutes a cornerstone of 2PN. First, we review preliminary evidence illustrating how verbal interaction may shed light on the social brain. Second, we advance methodological recommendations to design experiments within language-based 2PN. Finally, we formulate outstanding questions for future research.

AgustinIbanez

2014-09-01

364

Two-Person Neuroscience and Naturalistic Social Communication: The Role of Language and Linguistic Variables in Brain-Coupling Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Social cognitive neuroscience (SCN) seeks to understand the brain mechanisms through which we comprehend others’ emotions and intentions in order to react accordingly. For decades, SCN has explored relevant domains by exposing individual participants to predesigned stimuli and asking them to judge their social (e.g., emotional) content. Subjects are thus reduced to detached observers of situations that they play no active role in. However, the core of our social experience is construed through real-time interactions requiring the active negotiation of information with other people. To gain more relevant insights into the workings of the social brain, the incipient field of two-person neuroscience (2PN) advocates the study of brain-to-brain coupling through multi-participant experiments. In this paper, we argue that the study of online language-based communication constitutes a cornerstone of 2PN. First, we review preliminary evidence illustrating how verbal interaction may shed light on the social brain. Second, we advance methodological recommendations to design experiments within language-based 2PN. Finally, we formulate outstanding questions for future research.

Garcia, Adolfo M.; Ibanez, Agustin

2014-01-01

365

The Communication of Meaning in Anticipatory Systems: A Simulation Study of the Dynamics of Intentionality in Social Interactions  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychological and social systems provide us with a natural domain for the study of anticipations because these systems are based on and operate in terms of intentionality. Psychological systems can be expected to contain a model of themselves and their environments; social systems can be strongly anticipatory and therefore co-construct their environments, for example, in techno-economic (co-)evolutions. Using Dubois' hyper-incursive and incursive formulations of the logistic equation, these two types of systems and their couplings can be simulated. In addition to their structural coupling, psychological and social systems are also coupled by providing meaning reflexively to each other's meaning-processing. Luhmann's distinctions among (1) interactions between intentions at the micro-level, (2) organization at the meso-level, and (3) self-organization of the fluxes of meaningful communication at the global level can be modeled and simulated using three hyper-incursive equations. The global level of self-organizing interactions among fluxes of communication is retained at the meso-level of organization. In a knowledge-based economy, these two levels of anticipatory structuration can be expected to propel each other at the supra-individual level.

Leydesdorff, Loet

2008-10-01

366

Effects of a Family-Implemented Treatment on the Repetitive Behaviors of Children with Autism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The restricted and repetitive behaviors of children with autism can interfere with family functioning as well as learning and socialization opportunities for the child. To date, neither pharmacological nor comprehensive behavioral treatments have been found to be consistently effective at significantly reducing children’s engagement in repetitive behaviors. We developed Family-Implemented Treatment for Behavioral Inflexibility (FITBI) to target the full variety of repetitive behaviors found...

Boyd, Brian A.; Mcdonough, Stephen G.; Rupp, Betty; Khan, Faraaz; Bodfish, James W.

2011-01-01

367

Social responsibility and educational communication in communities accessed by the works: a case study. IEGA - enterprise implementations for gasene  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Construction and assembly in a gas pipeline project is a constant study of realities and in some cases situations which involve interferences in communities, the company's interests must be wholly integrated with the primary need of the project which is to construct with Social-Environmental Responsibility, establish a good relationship, respect the communities values in which the project passes through and around and surround itself with measures guaranteeing safety, information about the activities and cause minimal impact in the day to day lives of the residents. At Spread 2A of the Pipeline project Cacimbas-Catu, the necessity to develop a specific project for the communities surrounding the access areas was elaborated principally because the topography only permitted the transportation of pipes, equipment and personnel to pass through these areas. This unique situation was drafted based on the transit of vehicles and heavy machinery, through communities with a low IDH (Human Development Index), dangerous living conditions and a high demographic density. Preventive and pacifying actions for Communities and Social responsibility were drafted and developed, involving a multidisciplinary collective effort with other sectors of the project, applying a global theme to ensure safety for the residents around the access areas, also to divulge information in regards to project activities, establish ethical and transparent communication and implement measures that assist in building a solid relationship between the enterprise and community, anticipating risky situations and possible conflicts. This Case Study has as an objective to present projects that were developed in the area of Communication and Social Responsibility in the Access Communities and that, proved effective, became standard within the entire work force's Trainings and Daily Safety, Environmental, and Occupational Health Dialoguing. During the development of the Project 'Street of Leisure', the Social Communication team involved construction and assembly, safety, environmental and health sectors. It was an event that focused on art education, entertainment, information and services. The project involved a puppet theater, film sessions 'Cine Pipeline', and passed on safety measures and project information, demonstration of PPE's and equipment, participation and orientation for adults in the area of health and nutrition, and children's activities demonstrating oral and body hygiene among others. The proposal is to work together with Social Responsibility and Environmental sectors in the communities, involve social actors, induce positive results in the image of the interested parties and leave a responsible and positive perception of the Gasoduto Cacimbas-Catu Enterprise. (author)

Campos, Elisangela Assis de; Farias, Aline Marianne Magalhaes [LP Empreendimentos, Rio de janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Marques, Yanna Oliveira [Cia. Nacional de Dutos (Conduto S/A), Duque de Caxias, RJ (Brazil); Penido, Rita de Cassia [Sinopec Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2009-12-19

368

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this research, we tested the effectiveness of media selection prediction of these three tools on 72 communication tasks from 18 companies. We then compared the results to real data. This comparison showed MFF to be more effective than either MRT or SIP, particularly in multiple-media situations. MFF also had a faster convergence of media selection prediction.

Rui Gu

2011-09-01

369

Corporate Social Responsibility Perspectives and Practices in Chinese Companies: A Brief Overview on Environment, Consumers and External Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Economic globalization has brought the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR to the forefront of today's business community in China and around the world. The business community finds it necessary and in their benefit to implement practices learned from CSR studies for socio-economic growth and long-term sustainability. Based on successful studies created in Latin America, this paper proposes an empirical study that will address how CSR is perceived in Chinese companies and will briefly evaluate some practices about environment, consumers, and external communication. Our results are found to have significant association of CSR concept with legal implication. Providing safe and reliable products with services were found to have most relevant attribute towards CSR. Environmental and consumer practices have shown more implemented and useful than those related to communication.

Hai-yan HE

2012-02-01

370

Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e responsabilidade social empresarial: uma proposta de pesquisa / Communicative Action Theory and company's social responsibility: a research proposal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo, empreendemos uma revisão da Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e propomos uma agenda de pesquisa sobre a adoção de fóruns de debate de inspiração habermasiana nas organizações, visando à fixação de agendas de desenvolvimento sustentável para diversos setores da economia. Como a responsabilida [...] de social da empresa diz respeito à implementação, por parte dela, de ações de desenvolvimento sustentável, considera-se que deva estabelecer uma agenda de desenvolvimento sustentável tendo em vista sua atuação em setores específicos da economia. Assim, a pauta de desenvolvimento de produtos, serviços e tecnologias que obedeçam às diretrizes de desenvolvimento sustentável deve ser fixada de acordo com critérios substantivos a ser debatidos em fóruns de comunicação de inspiração habermasiana. Abstract in english In this paper, we undertook a review of the Communicative Action Theory and propose a research agenda on the adoption of Habermasian-inspired debate forums at organizations, aimed at setting sustainable development agendas for various sectors of the economy. As the company's social responsibility co [...] ncerns the implementation, on its part, of sustainable development actions, one thinks there's a need for establishing a sustainable development agenda taking into account its operation in specific sectors of the economy. Thus, an agenda for developing products, services, and technologies which complies with the sustainable development guidelines should be set in accordance with the substantive criteria which are going to be debated on Habermasian inspired communication forums.

Yvon, Pesqueux; Isabella Francisca Freitas Gouveia de, Vasconcelos.

371

Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e responsabilidade social empresarial: uma proposta de pesquisa / Communicative Action Theory and company's social responsibility: a research proposal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo, empreendemos uma revisão da Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e propomos uma agenda de pesquisa sobre a adoção de fóruns de debate de inspiração habermasiana nas organizações, visando à fixação de agendas de desenvolvimento sustentável para diversos setores da economia. Como a responsabilida [...] de social da empresa diz respeito à implementação, por parte dela, de ações de desenvolvimento sustentável, considera-se que deva estabelecer uma agenda de desenvolvimento sustentável tendo em vista sua atuação em setores específicos da economia. Assim, a pauta de desenvolvimento de produtos, serviços e tecnologias que obedeçam às diretrizes de desenvolvimento sustentável deve ser fixada de acordo com critérios substantivos a ser debatidos em fóruns de comunicação de inspiração habermasiana. Abstract in english In this paper, we undertook a review of the Communicative Action Theory and propose a research agenda on the adoption of Habermasian-inspired debate forums at organizations, aimed at setting sustainable development agendas for various sectors of the economy. As the company's social responsibility co [...] ncerns the implementation, on its part, of sustainable development actions, one thinks there's a need for establishing a sustainable development agenda taking into account its operation in specific sectors of the economy. Thus, an agenda for developing products, services, and technologies which complies with the sustainable development guidelines should be set in accordance with the substantive criteria which are going to be debated on Habermasian inspired communication forums.

Yvon, Pesqueux; Isabella Francisca Freitas Gouveia de, Vasconcelos.

2013-03-01

372

Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e responsabilidade social empresarial: uma proposta de pesquisa Communicative Action Theory and company's social responsibility: a research proposal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Neste artigo, empreendemos uma revisão da Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e propomos uma agenda de pesquisa sobre a adoção de fóruns de debate de inspiração habermasiana nas organizações, visando à fixação de agendas de desenvolvimento sustentável para diversos setores da economia. Como a responsabilidade social da empresa diz respeito à implementação, por parte dela, de ações de desenvolvimento sustentável, considera-se que deva estabelecer uma agenda de desenvolvimento sustentável tendo em vista sua atuação em setores específicos da economia. Assim, a pauta de desenvolvimento de produtos, serviços e tecnologias que obedeçam às diretrizes de desenvolvimento sustentável deve ser fixada de acordo com critérios substantivos a ser debatidos em fóruns de comunicação de inspiração habermasiana.In this paper, we undertook a review of the Communicative Action Theory and propose a research agenda on the adoption of Habermasian-inspired debate forums at organizations, aimed at setting sustainable development agendas for various sectors of the economy. As the company's social responsibility concerns the implementation, on its part, of sustainable development actions, one thinks there's a need for establishing a sustainable development agenda taking into account its operation in specific sectors of the economy. Thus, an agenda for developing products, services, and technologies which complies with the sustainable development guidelines should be set in accordance with the substantive criteria which are going to be debated on Habermasian inspired communication forums.

Yvon Pesqueux

2013-03-01

373

Apocalypse... Now? Molecular epidemiology, predictive genetic tests, and social communication of genetic contents Apocalipse... Agora? Epidemiologia molecular, testagens gênicas preditivas, comunicação social de conteúdos genéticos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author analyzes the underlying theoretical aspects in the construction of the molecular watershed of epidemiology and the concept of genetic risk, focusing on issues raised by contemporary reality: new technologies, globalization, proliferation of communications strategies, and the dilution of identity matrices. He discusses problems pertaining to the establishment of such new interdisciplinary fields as molecular epidemiology and molecular genetics. Finally, he analyzes the repercussions of the social communication of genetic content, especially as related to predictive genetic tests and cloning of animals, based on triumphal, deterministic metaphors sustaining beliefs relating to the existence and supremacy of concepts such as 'purity', 'essence', and 'unification' of rational, integrated 'I's/egos'.Abordam-se aspectos teóricos subjacentes à construção da vertente molecular da epidemiologia e do conceito de risco genético, tendo como referência as questões postas pela atualidade: novas tecnologias, globalização, proliferação de estratégias comunicacionais, diluição de matrizes identitárias. São discutidos problemas relacionados à constituição de novos campos interdisciplinares, tais como os da epidemiologia e da genética moleculares. Ao final, desenvolve-se uma análise das repercussões na comunicação social de conteúdos genéticos, especialmente referidos a testagens genéticas preditivas e à clonagem de animais, a partir de metáforas triunfalistas, deterministas e sustentadoras de crenças relativas à existência e supremacia de conceitos como pureza, essência e unificação de eus/egos racionais e integrados.

Luis David Castiel

1999-01-01

374

Social advertising in the modern communicative space: the experience of the Kaliningrad region  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social advertising, which is growing fast nowadays, gives rise to a number of issues relating to its efficiency and impact on the audience. The author focuses on the current problems faced by social advertising in the Kaliningrad region and demonstrates a lack of variety in topics, as well as a limited range of the techniques applied. The paper tackles the problem of identifying the quality level of advertisements addressing various social needs.

Druker M.

2013-01-01

375

Social advertising in the modern communicative space: the experience of the Kaliningrad region  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social advertising, which is growing fast nowadays, gives rise to a number of issues relating to its efficiency and impact on the audience. The author focuses on the current problems faced by social advertising in the Kaliningrad region and demonstrates a lack of variety in topics, as well as a limited range of the techniques applied. The paper tackles the problem of identifying the quality level of advertisements addressing various social needs.

Druker M.

2013-01-01

376

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo.The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel Calvo Calvo

2011-09-01

377

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva / Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se [...] han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo. Abstract in english The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact [...] that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel, Calvo Calvo.

378

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brasil: Comunicación para el cambio social  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP en Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado a los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

379

The Building Bridges Project: Involving Older Adults in the Design of a Communication Technology to Support Peer-to-Peer Social Engagement  

Science.gov (United States)

There are a variety of factors that can lead to social isolation and loneliness in old age, including decline in physical and mental health, as well as change to social environment. The Building Bridges project explores how communication technology can help older adults remain socially connected. This paper will first provide an overview of a prototype communication system designed to support peer-to-peer group interaction. A description of the user-centered design process will be provided to demonstrate the importance of involving older adults at the earliest stages. The implications for designing new technology for older adults are discussed.

Wherton, Joseph; Prendergast, David

380

Communication tools.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this bimonthly series, the author examines how nurse educators can use Internet and Web-based computer technologies such as search, communication, and collaborative writing tools; social networking and social bookmarking sites; virtual worlds; and Web-based teaching and learning programs. This article describes Web-based communication tools and techniques to increase their effectiveness. PMID:19726955

Wink, Diane

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles only, and preference was given to randomized controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Repetitive strain injuries result from repeated stress to the body's soft tissue structures including muscles, tendons, and nerves. They often occur in patients who perform repetitive movements either in their jobs or in extracurricular activities. Common RSIs include tendon-related disorders, such as rotator cuff tendonitis, and peripheral nerve entrapment disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. A careful history and physical examination often lead to the diagnosis, but newer imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound, can help in refractory cases. Conservative management with medication, physiotherapy, or bracing is the mainstay of treatment. Surgery is reserved for cases that do not respond to treatment. CONCLUSION: Repetitive strain injury is common; primary care physicians must establish a diagnosis and, more importantly, its relationship to occupation. Treatment can be offered by family physicians who refer to specialists for cases refractory to conservative management.

Stanish WD

2001-02-01

382

Autism and exergaming: effects on repetitive behaviors and cognition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cay Anderson-Hanley, Kimberly Tureck, Robyn L Schneiderman Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY, USA Abstract: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic children and improve cognitive function across the life-span. Exergaming combines physical and mental exercise simultaneously by linking physical activity movements to video game control and may yield better compliance with exercise. In this investigation, two pilot studies explored the potential behavioral and cognitive benefits of exergaming. In Pilot I, twelve children with autism spectrum disorders completed a control task and an acute bout of Dance Dance Revolution (DDR; in Pilot II, ten additional youths completed an acute bout of cyber cycling. Repetitive behaviors and executive function were measured before and after each activity. Repetitive behaviors significantly decreased, while performance on Digits Backwards improved following the exergaming conditions compared with the control condition. Additional research is needed to replicate these findings, and to explore the application of exergaming for the management of behavioral disturbance and to increase cognitive control in children on the autism spectrum. Keywords: autism, repetitive behaviors, exergaming, exercise, executive function

Anderson-Hanley C

2011-09-01

383

The association between therapeutic horseback riding and the social communication and sensory reactions of children with autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the association between therapeutic riding (TR) and the social communication and sensory processing skills of 21 elementary students with autism attending TR as part of a school group. An interrupted treatment design was employed to determine whether children were able to maintain treatment effects following the removal of TR. Teacher ratings indicated that participating children with autism significantly increased their social interaction, improved their sensory processing, and decreased the severity of symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorders following TR. Gains were not maintained consistently after two 6-week breaks from TR, but were recovered once TR was reinstated. Potential explanations regarding the benefits of TR are discussed, and suggestions for future research provided. PMID:23371511

Ward, Sandra C; Whalon, Kelly; Rusnak, Katrina; Wendell, Kimberly; Paschall, Nancy

2013-09-01

384

Use of computer-assisted technologies (CAT) to enhance social, communicative, and language development in children with autism spectrum disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Major advances in multimedia computer technology over the past decades have made sophisticated computer games readily available to the public. This, combined with the observation that most children, including those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), show an affinity to computers, has led researchers to recognize the potential of computer technology as an effective and efficient tool in research and treatment. This paper reviews the use of computer-assisted technology (CAT), excluding strictly internet-based approaches, to enhance social, communicative, and language development in individuals with ASD by dividing the vast literature into four main areas: language, emotion recognition, theory of mind, and social skills. Although many studies illustrate the tremendous promise of CAT to enhance skills of individuals with ASD, most lack rigorous, scientific assessment of efficacy relative to non-CAT approaches. PMID:22706582

Ploog, Bertram O; Scharf, Alexa; Nelson, DeShawn; Brooks, Patricia J

2013-02-01

385

Social Acceptance of a Teleoperated Android : Field Study on Elderly’s Engagement with an Embodied Communication Medium in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We explored the potential of teleoperated android robots, which are embodied telecommunication media with humanlike appearances, and how they affect people in the real world when they are employed to express a telepresence and a sense of ‘being there’. In Denmark, our exploratory study focused on the social aspects of Telenoid, a teleoperated android, which might facilitate communication between senior citizens and Telenoid’s operator. After applying it to the elderly in their homes, we found that the elderly assumed positive attitudes toward Telenoid, and their positivity and strong attachment to its huggable minimalistic human design were cross-culturally shared in Denmark and Japan. Contrary to the negative reactions by non-users in media reports, our result suggests that teleoperated androids can be accepted by the elderly as a kind of universal design medium for social inclusion.

Ryuji, Yamazaki; Nishio, Shuichi

2012-01-01

386

Social Media and Political Communication. Case Study – The Parliamentary Parties In Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine the extent to which parliamentary parties from Romania are using Social Media to promote their image and political messages, but also the level of participation of supporters in social networks. More than that, another objective of this paper aims to identify similarities between the hypothetical percentages of supporters of political parties in Social Media, electoral percentages of accessing the Romanian Parliament and the current political configuration of the Romanian Parliament. The research focused on comparative analysis of the ?de facto? representation of the parliamentary parties in the romanian community and the degree of representation in social networks. The Research method used is quantitative analysis of the online documents and working tool used is the traffic analysis and the degree of the participation in social networks.

T?nase Tasen?e

2013-04-01

387

Media use, face-to-face communication, media multitasking, and social well-being among 8- to 12-year-old girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

An online survey of 3,461 North American girls ages 8-12 conducted in the summer of 2010 through Discovery Girls magazine examined the relationships between social well-being and young girls' media use--including video, video games, music listening, reading/homework, e-mailing/posting on social media sites, texting/instant messaging, and talking on phones/video chatting--and face-to-face communication. This study introduced both a more granular measure of media multitasking and a new comparative measure of media use versus time spent in face-to-face communication. Regression analyses indicated that negative social well-being was positively associated with levels of uses of media that are centrally about interpersonal interaction (e.g., phone, online communication) as well as uses of media that are not (e.g., video, music, and reading). Video use was particularly strongly associated with negative social well-being indicators. Media multitasking was also associated with negative social indicators. Conversely, face-to-face communication was strongly associated with positive social well-being. Cell phone ownership and having a television or computer in one's room had little direct association with children's socioemotional well-being. We hypothesize possible causes for these relationships, call for research designs to address causality, and outline possible implications of such findings for the social well-being of younger adolescents. PMID:22268607

Pea, Roy; Nass, Clifford; Meheula, Lyn; Rance, Marcus; Kumar, Aman; Bamford, Holden; Nass, Matthew; Simha, Aneesh; Stillerman, Benjamin; Yang, Steven; Zhou, Michael

2012-03-01

388

Leveraging Computer Mediated Communication for Social Support in Immigrants’ Intercultural Adaptation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between online social support and intercultural adaptation of immigrants. Data was collected from a telephone survey conducted among Chinese immigrants in Singapore. The results of the data analysis reveal that online support has positive effect on both socio-cultural and psychological adaptation of the immigrants. Among the individual types of support, informational support demonstrates a prominent effect on the immigrants. This study suggests that online support is an efficient and valuable supplement to traditional social support for immigrants, especially when they are in the transition period and lack real life social network.
Key words: Social support; Online social support; Intercultural adaptation

Résumé
Cette étude examine la relation entre le soutien social en ligne et l'adaptation interculturelle des immigrants. Les données ont été recueillies à partir d'un sondage téléphonique mené auprès des immigrants chinois à Singapour. Les résultats de l'analyse des données révèle que le soutien en ligne a un effet positif tant sur l'adaptation socio-culturelle et psychologique des immigrants. Parmi les différents types de soutien, un soutien informationnel démontre un effet important sur les immigrants. Cette étude suggère que le soutien en ligne est un complément efficace et précieux à l'appui social traditionnel pour les immigrants, surtout quand ils sont dans la période de transition et le manque de réseau de la vie sociale réelle.
Mots-clés: Soutien social; Le soutien social en ligne; L'adaptation interculturelle

Wenli CHEN

2011-10-01

389

El paradigma médico social y la competencia comunicativa del profesional de ciencias medicas / The social and medical paradigm and communicative competence of health sciences professional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el nuevo paradigma sociomédico la efectividad de la comunicación constituye la piedra angular ante el reto de promover cambios en los estilos de vida y ofreciendo a la población instrumentos para pensar, analizar y reflexionar sobre su salud. La relación médico-paciente como modelo de comunicació [...] n fundamenta el comportamiento del profesional de las Ciencias Médicas y las relaciones que contraerán entre sí los médicos y el equipo de salud de donde depende la conducta moral o ética que orientará y caracterizará su trato. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar acerca de los aspectos esenciales que deben caracterizar la competencia comunicativa del profesional y las habilidades para conformar una cultura de la comunicación que sirvan de base a la gestión de salud en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Se analiza el manejo de la comunicación para el logro de la empatía con el paciente, la liquidación de barreras comunicativas que permitan el acercamiento y la interacción reflexiva con el hombre sano o enfermo, la familia, las agrupaciones comunitarias y la coordinación con las instituciones sociales de la comunidad que permitan los cambios necesarios para alcanzar un modo de vida más sano y el desarrollo creciente de la cultura de la salud en la población, vinculando las herramientas cognoscitivas para educar a los miembros de la sociedad en el cuidado de su salud con las habilidades comunicativas que le permitan ser comprendido eficazmente basado en la amistad, confianza y respeto entre él y la población por cuya salud debe velar. Abstract in english In de new social and medical paradigm the effectiveness of communication constitutes a cornerstone to face the challenge for promoting changes in the lifestyle and offering people ways to think, analyze and to reflex about their health. The doctor patient relationship as a model of communication sub [...] stantiate the behavior of the medical science professional and the relation that doctors will have among them and the health team from which it will depend the moral or ethical attitude to be oriented and will also characterize the attention. The objective of this paper is to reflex about the essential aspects that should characterize the skills to form a culture of communication aim to obtain a health work in the primary health care. The management of communication is analyzed to achieve and empathy with the patient, the elimination of communicative barriers that allow the approaching and reflexive interaction with the healthy or the sick person, the family, communitarian groups and the coordination with the communitarian social institutions, which permit the necessary changes to reach a healthier lifestyle and an ascending development of the health culture into the population, relating knowledge tools in order to educate members of the society in their health care wilt the communicative skills that allow them being will understood based on friendship, confidence, and respect between the health professional and the population whose health be should take care of.

Maritza de la Rosa, Legón; Nelia, Vega González; Lourdes, Brito Gómez.

2010-09-01

390

El paradigma médico social y la competencia comunicativa del profesional de ciencias medicas The social and medical paradigm and communicative competence of health sciences professional  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el nuevo paradigma sociomédico la efectividad de la comunicación constituye la piedra angular ante el reto de promover cambios en los estilos de vida y ofreciendo a la población instrumentos para pensar, analizar y reflexionar sobre su salud. La relación médico-paciente como modelo de comunicación fundamenta el comportamiento del profesional de las Ciencias Médicas y las relaciones que contraerán entre sí los médicos y el equipo de salud de donde depende la conducta moral o ética que orientará y caracterizará su trato. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar acerca de los aspectos esenciales que deben caracterizar la competencia comunicativa del profesional y las habilidades para conformar una cultura de la comunicación que sirvan de base a la gestión de salud en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Se analiza el manejo de la comunicación para el logro de la empatía con el paciente, la liquidación de barreras comunicativas que permitan el acercamiento y la interacción reflexiva con el hombre sano o enfermo, la familia, las agrupaciones comunitarias y la coordinación con las instituciones sociales de la comunidad que permitan los cambios necesarios para alcanzar un modo de vida más sano y el desarrollo creciente de la cultura de la salud en la población, vinculando las herramientas cognoscitivas para educar a los miembros de la sociedad en el cuidado de su salud con las habilidades comunicativas que le permitan ser comprendido eficazmente basado en la amistad, confianza y respeto entre él y la población por cuya salud debe velar.In de new social and medical paradigm the effectiveness of communication constitutes a cornerstone to face the challenge for promoting changes in the lifestyle and offering people ways to think, analyze and to reflex about their health. The doctor patient relationship as a model of communication substantiate the behavior of the medical science professional and the relation that doctors will have among them and the health team from which it will depend the moral or ethical attitude to be oriented and will also characterize the attention. The objective of this paper is to reflex about the essential aspects that should characterize the skills to form a culture of communication aim to obtain a health work in the primary health care. The management of communication is analyzed to achieve and empathy with the patient, the elimination of communicative barriers that allow the approaching and reflexive interaction with the healthy or the sick person, the family, communitarian groups and the coordination with the communitarian social institutions, which permit the necessary changes to reach a healthier lifestyle and an ascending development of the health culture into the population, relating knowledge tools in order to educate members of the society in their health care wilt the communicative skills that allow them being will understood based on friendship, confidence, and respect between the health professional and the population whose health be should take care of.

Maritza de la Rosa Legón

2010-09-01

391

Repetitions in beta-integers  

CERN Document Server

Classical crystals are solid materials containing arbitrarily long periodic repetitions of a single motif. In this paper, we study the maximal possible repetition of the same moti