WorldWideScience
1

Social Approach and Repetitive Behavior in Eleven Inbred Mouse Strains  

OpenAIRE

Core symptoms of autism include deficits in social interaction, impaired communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviors. The repetitive behavior domain encompasses abnormal motoric stereotypy, an inflexible insistence on sameness, and resistance to change. In recent years, many genetic mouse models of autism and related disorders have been developed, based on candidate genes for disease susceptibility. The present studies are part of an ongoing initiative to develop appropriate behaviora...

Moy, Sheryl S.; Nadler, Jessica J.; Young, Nancy B.; Nonneman, Randal J.; Segall, Samantha K.; Andrade, Gabriela M.; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Magnuson, Terry R.

2008-01-01

2

Localization of social communication  

Science.gov (United States)

A fundamental problem in the social science and network theory is a gap between local communication and global information sharing. Due to the limited availability of empirical data, previous works on large-scale social communication mainly focused on the topological structure, lacking of knowledge on human behavior and individual activity, such as where individual lives, how far one lives from his friends, which are expected to play important roles in social communication. Here we studied the contribution of individual activity to social communication as well as the interplay between individual activity and topological structure, finding emergence of a typical communication distance between two friends, indicating a localization feature in social networks. Moreover, this localization phenomenon is associated with typological clustering, suggesting an integrating theory in understanding social behaviors.

Wang, Dashun; Song, Chaoming; Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

2010-03-01

3

Youth, Communication and Social Change  

OpenAIRE

This article explores how media, communication practices and popular culture have been strategic instruments, social processes and symbolic resources in young people’s articulation of social change. It frames the analysis in the cross-section of two research strands: firstly, that of research on communication for development and social change. The focus of such research is on the development challenges in our society and how media and communication can serve strategic objectives to inform, ...

Tufte, Thomas

2010-01-01

4

Communicating science in social settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists--driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication--to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

Scheufele, Dietram A

2013-08-20

5

Repetition and Emotive Communication in Music Versus Speech  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Music and speech are often placed alongside one another as comparative cases. Their relative overlaps and disassociations have been well explored (e.g. Patel, 2010. But one key attribute distinguishing these two domains has often been overlooked: the greater preponderance of repetition in music in comparison to speech. Recent fMRI studies have shown that familiarity – achieved through repetition – is a critical component of emotional engagement with music (Pereira et al., 2011. If repetition is fundamental to emotional responses to music, and repetition is a key distinguisher between the domains of music and speech, then close examination of the phenomenon of repetition might help clarify the ways that music elicits emotion differently than speech.

Elizabeth HellmuthMargulis

2013-04-01

6

Corporate Communication and Social Media  

OpenAIRE

This project aims to explore the changes social media platforms have generated onto corporate communication. Exploring the notion of dialogue in relation to various dialogic theories, social media theory, and corporate communication will provide an answer to this, as the respective theories and concepts provide different perspectives. The analysis is anchored in a case study of Danske Bank and Call me, since they represent two well-established organizations on Facebook. It is concluded tha...

Serup, Liv; Laursen, Stine; Sandgreen, Michael; Trougaard, Victor; Lind, Line; Hansen, Camilla

2012-01-01

7

Social media as communicative genres  

OpenAIRE

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I ...

Stine Lomborg

2011-01-01

8

Regional gray matter volumetric changes in autism associated with social and repetitive behavior symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although differences in brain anatomy in autism have been difficult to replicate using manual tracing methods, automated whole brain analyses have begun to find consistent differences in regions of the brain associated with the social cognitive processes that are often impaired in autism. We attempted to replicate these whole brain studies and to correlate regional volume changes with several autism symptom measures. Methods We performed MRI scans on 24 individuals diagnosed with DSM-IV autistic disorder and compared those to scans from 23 healthy comparison subjects matched on age. All participants were male. Whole brain, voxel-wise analyses of regional gray matter volume were conducted using voxel-based morphometry (VBM. Results Controlling for age and total gray matter volume, the volumes of the medial frontal gyri, left pre-central gyrus, right post-central gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, caudate nuclei and the left hippocampus were larger in the autism group relative to controls. Regions exhibiting smaller volumes in the autism group were observed exclusively in the cerebellum. Significant partial correlations were found between the volumes of the caudate nuclei, multiple frontal and temporal regions, the cerebellum and a measure of repetitive behaviors, controlling for total gray matter volume. Social and communication deficits in autism were also associated with caudate, cerebellar, and precuneus volumes, as well as with frontal and temporal lobe regional volumes. Conclusion Gray matter enlargement was observed in areas that have been functionally identified as important in social-cognitive processes, such as the medial frontal gyri, sensorimotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus. Additionally, we have shown that VBM is sensitive to associations between social and repetitive behaviors and regional brain volumes in autism.

Rogers Sally J

2006-12-01

9

Unsolicited Communication in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article discusses whether commercial communication in social media is covered by the European opt in-model concerning unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing purposes found in the directive on privacy and electronic communications (2002/58). It is concluded that messages in social media – in contrast to news feeds and advertisements – may be characterised as electronic mail. However, the EU provisions on unsolicited electronic mail is found in the regulatory framework for telecommunication which as a starting point does not regulate web-based content such as social media services. The ban on unsolicited electronic mail does not apply to messaging systems in social media unless the system gives access to sending traditional e-mail. Until 12 June 2013, Member States could – in national law – uphold a broader definition of electronic mail in the light of the minimum harmonisation found in the distance selling directive (1997/7). Now, the use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes in social media must be assessed in accordance with the full harmonisation in the unfair commercial practices directive (2005/29). This directive does not contain a ban on »unsolicited« but »unwanted« solicitations by e-mail and other remote media – i.e. an opt-out solution. The development in platforms such as Facebook shows that such social media services are also used by businesses to communicate and interact with their »fans«. This article discusses the application of the European spam-provisions in the context of social media. In that vein it is important to understand both the definition of electronic mail and the scope of application of the regulatory framework for telecommunication in which the ban is found. The Nordic Consumer Ombudsmen approached EU Commissioner John Dalli on 3 May 2012 with a view to encourage discussions on whether the defi nition of electronic mail set out in the directive on privacy and electronic communications1 is up-to-date. The letter was sent in connection to the publishing of a common Nordic position paper on marketing in social media. The preceding discussions among the consumer ombudsmen questioned inter alia whether unsolicited commercial communications sent to users’ news feeds should be considered electronic mail or other un-solicited communications for the purposes of direct marketing. This and other related questions are dealt with in this article.

Trzaskowski, Jan

2014-01-01

10

Social communication deficits: Specific associations with Social Anxiety Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Social communication deficits are prevalent amongst children with anxiety disorders; however whether they are over-represented specifically among children with Social Anxiety Disorder has not been examined. This study set out to examine social communication deficits among children with Social Anxiety Disorder in comparison to children with other forms of anxiety disorder. Methods Parents of 404 children with a diagnosed anxiety disorder completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., 2003. The Social Communication Questionnaire – Manual. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA). Children with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (n=262) and anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder (n=142) were compared on SCQ total and subscale scores and the frequency of participants scoring above clinical cut-offs. Results Children with Social Anxiety Disorder scored significantly higher than anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder on the SCQ total (t(352)=4.85, pSocial Interaction (t(351)=4.73, pSocial Anxiety Disorder were three times more likely to score above clinical cut-offs. Limitations The participants were a relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. The social communication difficulties measure relied on parental report which could be influenced by extraneous factors. Conclusions Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder may benefit from a specific focus on developing social communication skills. Future research using objective assessments of underlying social communication skills is required. PMID:25451393

Halls, Georgia; Cooper, Peter J.; Creswell, Cathy

2015-01-01

11

An Examination of the Relationship between Communication and Socialization Deficits in Children with Autism and PDD-NOS  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are characterized by pervasive impairments in repetitive behaviors or interests, communication, and socialization. As the onset of these features occurs at a very young age, early detection is of the utmost importance. In an attempt to better clarify the behavioral presentation of communication and socialization

Hattier, Megan A.; Matson, Johnny L.

2012-01-01

12

Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching behaviors of 64 elementary preservice teachers (PSTs who taught the same social studies lessons to small groups of 4th-grade students four times in succession. PST reflection journals from all PSTs, observational transcripts of 14 teaching pairs, focus group interviews with the PSTs, and informal cooperating teacher interviews revealed that the PSTs’ lessons changed over the four successive teaching episodes. The PSTs became more comfortable and confident after teaching the same social studies lesson multiple times. PSTs also reported that their lessons became better, yet the qualitative data revealed that even though their teaching became more efficient and student work correctness improved, only a few PSTs increased the cognitive demand of their questions and activities. Nonetheless, most PSTs demonstrated increased use of social studies pedagogical content knowledge through their examples and discussions, as well as increased attention to student thinking. Repeated practice field experiences seem to hold potential for elementary PSTs to develop their use ofsocial studies pedagogical content knowledge

Derek L. ANDERSON

2012-11-01

13

Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

OpenAIRE

The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching b...

Anderson, Derek L.; Barr, Don; Christina LaBAIJ

2012-01-01

14

CSR communication through online social media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Online social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become essential channels in business strategies. Corporate Social Responsibility communication faces new challenges in these spaces of the Web 2.0, where companies can interact with users, generate a brand community, increase their visibility, and strengthen their position in the market. This research study aims to analyse the way companies use the major online social media to communicate their Corporate Social Responsibility programmes. The methodology involves the examination of the presence in online social platforms and the online corporate reputation of ten companies/brands. The results show that companies use these spaces as channels for business and advertising communication, but not so much for Corporate Social Responsibility communication, despite these social media offer many possibilities for interaction and dialogue.

Araceli Castelló-Martínez, Ph.D.

2012-01-01

15

Socialization and nonverbal communication in atypically developing infants and toddlers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Emphasis on early identification of atypical development has increased as evidence supporting the efficacy of intervention has grown. These increases have also directly affected the availability of funding and providers of early intervention services. A majority of research has focused on interventions specific to an individual's primary diagnoses. For example, interventions for those with cerebral palsy (CP) have traditionally focused on physiological symptoms, while intervention for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on socialization, communication, and restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. However deficits in areas other than those related to their primary diagnoses (e.g., communication, adaptive behaviors, and social skills) are prevalent in atypically developing populations and are significant predictors of quality of life. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine impairments in socialization and nonverbal communication in individuals with Down's syndrome (DS), CP, and those with CP and comorbid ASD. Individuals with comorbid CP and ASD exhibited significantly greater impairments than any diagnostic group alone. However, individuals with CP also exhibited significantly greater impairments than those with DS. The implications of these results are discussed. PMID:25200676

Konst, Matthew J; Matson, Johnny L; Goldin, Rachel L; Williams, Lindsey W

2014-12-01

16

Social Dialect and Speech Communication Proficiency.  

Science.gov (United States)

In Hawaii today, many persons find it a disadvantage to speak only the social dialect of their home speech communities. For those young adults who enter a University, the problem may be especially acute. The Speech Communication Center of the University of Hawaii is developing a measure of speech-communication proficiency that predicts the…

Harms, L.S.

17

Psycho-social impacts of virtual communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emergence and spread of Internet communication has led to changes in social relationships, abuse of the Internet and maladaptive behavior. Among the authors who have studied the impact of these changes there is no consensus, and the results of their research are often contradictory. Some authors conclude that Internet communication strengthens networks of its users, while others believe that such communication leads to reduced participation in real social life. In a number of people, excessive use of the Internet adversely affects the mental health and social life and can lead to obsession at the expense of other aspects of life and creating addiction. The greatest risk of negative impacts of online communication is among children and young people. This paper is meant to indicate, the good sides as well as the negative consequences of excessive and non-functional Internet use

Macura Rajko

2011-01-01

18

Social network analysis and dual rover communications  

Science.gov (United States)

Social network analysis (SNA) refers to the collection of techniques, tools, and methods used in sociometry aiming at the analysis of social networks to investigate decision making, group communication, and the distribution of information. Human factors engineers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducted a social network analysis on communication data collected during a 14-day field study operating a dual rover exploration mission to better understand the relationships between certain network groups such as ground control, flight teams, and planetary science. The analysis identified two communication network structures for the continuous communication and Twice-a-Day Communication scenarios as a split network and negotiated network respectfully. The major nodes or groups for the networks' architecture, transmittal status, and information were identified using graphical network mapping, quantitative analysis of subjective impressions, and quantified statistical analysis using Sociometric Statue and Centrality. Post-questionnaire analysis along with interviews revealed advantages and disadvantages of each network structure with team members identifying the need for a more stable continuous communication network, improved robustness of voice loops, and better systems training/capabilities for scientific imagery data and operational data during Twice-a-Day Communications.

Litaker, Harry L.; Howard, Robert L.

2013-10-01

19

Déficit social, vision et communication  

OpenAIRE

Rappel des enjeux et objectifs : Le déficit émotionnel, événement naturel ou bien symptôme en psychopathologie, a des retentissements sur le plan de l'insertion sociale et du fonctionnement perceptivo-cognitif. L' objectif général de ce projet de recherche est l'étude des processus qui concourent à l'émoussement de l'affectivité dans sa dimension sociale par l'intermédiaire de la modalité perceptive visuelle. Pour ce faire, ce projet associe des chercheurs en Sciences humaines, N...

Dubal, Ste?phanie

2005-01-01

20

Social networks: communication and change  

OpenAIRE

Virtual social networks have brought about the possibility for open and plural debate, where all those with the necessary literacy skills and means are able to participate in the creation and dissemination of information. By pressing political agents and determining the “agenda” of a lot of the media, users demonstrate that we stand at an ideal platform for creating both real social movements and more or less fleeting events, as manifestos or virtual campaigns. Nonetheless, in order to u...

Gustavo Cardoso; Cláudia Lamy

2011-01-01

21

Responsibility communication through social media  

OpenAIRE

Plataformas sociales como Facebook o Twitter se han convertido en canales imprescindibles en las estrategias empresariales. La comunicación de la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial se enfrenta a nuevos retos en estos espacios con una filosofía 2.0, en los que la empresa puede interactuar con el usuario, generar una comunidad de marca, incrementar su notoriedad y reforzar su posicionamiento. El objetivo de la presente investigación es analizar el uso que hacen las empresas de los principale...

Ros Diego, Vicente Jose?; Castello? Marti?nez, Araceli

2011-01-01

22

Harnessing vocal patterns for social communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Work on vocal communication, influenced by a drive to understand the evolution of language, has focused on auditory processing and forebrain control of learned vocalizations. The actual hindbrain neural mechanisms used to create communication signals are understudied, in part because of the difficulty of experimental studies in species that rely on respiration for vocalization. In these experimental systems-including those that embody vocal learning-vocal behaviors have rhythmic qualities. Recent studies using molecular markers and 'fictive' patterns produced by isolated brains are beginning to reveal how hindbrain circuits generate vocal patterns. Insights from central pattern generators for respiration and locomotion are illuminating common neural and developmental mechanisms. Choice of vocal patterns is responsive to socially salient input. Studies of the vertebrate social brain network suggest mechanisms used to integrate socially salient information and produce an appropriate vocal response. PMID:24995669

Sweeney, Lora B; Kelley, Darcy B

2014-10-01

23

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

OpenAIRE

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optima...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Houmansadr, Amir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

24

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, development of living standards and a country's international competiveness. The need for innovation is assisted by Information technology in a range of ways and in this contemporary era it is hard to separate innovation and technology due to its incredible offerings in all kinds of industries and sectors. One such innovation was 'social networking and social media.' In this epoch of social media, businesses are obliged to be extra transparent and more personal. This does not eradicate the need of customary advertising, but social networks allow an innovative form of communication which altered the approach of doing businesses. Businesses must concentrate on developing real and direct connections with customers. Companies which lag behind to change to this new trend and culture will be in damaging situation, as competitors will progressively try to reap the benefits out of it. All in all businesses need to adapt with the growing importance and impact of social networking as a means of communication.

Saif Hossain

2013-04-01

25

The Communications of Corporate Social Responsability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper present the role and interaction between communication and Corporate Social Responsibility, strengtheningin the same time that communication it is a key factor to begin and keep a proper Sustainable Development strategy. The importance of communication is essential, taking in consideration the awareness in the interior and in the exterior of organization strategy, ethical, ecological and socio-economical objectives, since information regarding the impact of the company’s activities, products and services as well as regarding the impacts of changes that can supervene in time, can only be provided in this way. Since there are many ways to communicate regarding the actions of CSR, it is important to know what kind of messages and ideas can resonate with a certain audience, considering the stage in which the ISO 26000 standard’s development stands.

Mihaela Bucur

2011-06-01

26

Learning about social psychology by researching on computer mediated communication  

OpenAIRE

The teaching of social psychology for Social Communication students can be an excellent opportunity to engage them in field research work. This is a way of providing the knowledge and the experience about how investigation is made in social sciences as well as developing the interest and the competencies for the scientific inquiry. The domain of Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) can be the stage for the study of diverse social cognitive phenomena like social representations, social cat...

Xavier, Paulo; Cabecinhas, Rosa

2000-01-01

27

Corporate Social Responsibility : Discourse, Narratives and Communication  

OpenAIRE

The problematic and contestable nature of discourses on corporate social responsibility (CSR) has driven the commissioning of this special issue on discourses, narratives, and communication about CSR. While CSR may be seen as sharing normative goals with the concept of sustainable development, there are fundamental questions to be asked about the nature and purpose of CSR, how it has been constructed and framed, and whether it promotes the normative goals of sustainable development in order t...

Dobers, Peter; Springett, Delyse

2010-01-01

28

Interpersonal Communication Relevance to Professional Development, in Social Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development is a desideratum both the organization and for each employee, in part, and interpersonal communication is the means of safe fulfillment, especially in social systems. No matter what ways of professional development are chosen, organizations (considered as major social systems works on communication processes. Moreover, social systems are at the same time, communication systems. As so, the importance of interpersonal communication in providing professional development is major, proven fact, at least in one sense, by the rich offer of training courses focusing on communication. Moreover, analysis of case studies of interpersonal communication conducted in organizational context indicates that the communication is purpose, means and professional development tool.

Manoela Popescu

2013-04-01

29

Communication dynamics in finite capacity social networks  

CERN Document Server

In communication networks structure and dynamics are tightly coupled. The structure controls the flow of information and is itself shaped by the dynamical process of information exchanged between nodes. In order to reconcile structure and dynamics, a generic model, based on the local interaction between nodes, is considered for the communication in large social networks. In agreement with data from a large human organization, we show that the flow is non-Markovian and controlled by the temporal limitations of individuals. We confirm the versatility of our model by predicting simultaneously the degree-dependent node activity, the balance between information input and output of nodes and the degree distribution. Finally, we quantify the limitations to network analysis when it is based on data sampled over a finite period of time.

Haerter, Jan O; Mathiesen, Joachim

2012-01-01

30

Social Stereotypes in Communicative Formulae: Sociometric Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The focus of the article is centered on society through the prism of communication. Modern data extraction and information retrieval methods allow building a new vision of communicative process. The article is focused on the example of language idiom representations and omnibus survey, which help concentrate on the most stable human society ways of expression. There is also an attempt to carry out a comparative analysis of social features of the East and the West with the help of on-line national languages’ corpuses. Omnibus survey results testify to the fact that low income people are reluctant to admit the influence of idioms on their day-to-day communicative practices, while rich people stress the significance of stable communicative formulae in their life. Societies are described through their attitude to labor, expressed in the idioms with a ‘hand’ component. With the help of electronic linguistic corpuses (Corpus of the Internet and business Chinese, KOTONOHA (Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese, BNC (British National Corpus, COCA (Corpus of Contemporary American English the research analyzes labor stereotypes on the basis of idiom frequency indexes. In practice the results of this study can be implemented in a special socio-cultural dictionary, where the most frequent idioms are given as social stereotypes and the most powerful symbolic tools of influence and manipulation. The results of these findings are relevant to multicultural societies, migration adaptation practices and global business development. The research results have been processed into a database, marked with the Rospatent Certificate ? 2013620397, dated 03/13/2013.

Natalya Zavyalova

2014-07-01

31

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

32

Social cognition and communication skills in Asperger syndrome young adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare patients with Asperger syndrome (AS and control participants on social cognition tasks and communication skills. Twenty young adults were assessed in three social cognition domains; recognition of basic emotions, recognition of complex emotions and Theory of Mind (ToM. In addition participants completed a self-report questionnaire as a measure of social communication skills. The results indicate that adults with AS perform below neurotypical control participants in emotion processing, ToM and communication skills. There were no significant correlations between the variables of social cognition and communication skills in the group of AS. Taken together, results suggest that people with a diagnosis of AS present a deficit in ToM and emotional processing as well as in communication skills. However, it was not possible to identify a significant association between the variables of social cognition and communication skills.

Mónica Figueira

2013-11-01

33

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

CERN Document Server

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optimal routing mechanism such as restricted flooding. We show that such a network is indeed usable by constructing a botnet on top of it, called Stegobot. It is designed to spread via social malware attacks and steal information from its victims. Unlike conventional botnets, Stegobot traffic does not introduce new communication endpoints between bots. We analyzed a real-world dataset of image sharing between members of an online social network. Analysis of Stegobot's network throughput indicates that stealthy as it is, it is also functionally p...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

34

Communication for Social Change Anthology : Historical and Contemporary Readings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This anthology, the result of 3 years of review of 1000+ articles, now assembles 150 authors with 200 contributions - full articles, excerpts and quotes - ranging from 1927 to 2005. The articles all have been selected upon the criteria of contributing conceptually to the field of communication for social change. The book is organised in two parts: the first part being cronological, from 1927-1995, and the second part containing 'the contemporary debate' in communication for social change, organised in 5 sub-themes: 1) Popular Culture, Narrative and Identity, 2) Social Movements & Community Participation, 3) Power, Media and the Public Sphere, 4) Paradigms in Communication for Development, 5) Information Society & Communication Rights.

2006-01-01

35

The effective integration of multiple communication techniques, including social media  

OpenAIRE

The effective integration of multiple communication techniques is becoming increasingly complex, with the ongoing development of new media. The development of Web 2.0 and the growth of social media provides marketers with additional, possibly even alternative, marketing communication channels. This research explores the integration of social media, specifically Facebook, and the marketing decision making considerations from the context of the integrated marketing communications (IMC) construc...

Stow, Heath Jon

2013-01-01

36

New Media and Leadership: Social Media and Open Organizational Communication  

OpenAIRE

This paper aims to identify and analyze the extent to which new media have penetrated the Romanian organizations’ internal communication and have influenced the leadership. We intend also to consider how social media becomes a tool for organizational communication and contributes to the creation of a new kind of leadership associated with open communication. We start from the premise that new media and social media can contribute to the leader’s mission to create around him a vision and m...

Viorica Pau?

2013-01-01

37

Leaders and Social Media : Improving HRM through better internal communication  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to create understanding for how social media affects the relationship between employees and leaders in organizations, and how social media could be used to improve internal communication. We also want to explore how this type of internal communication could be implemented in large organizations. From a theoretical perspective our ambition is to see how our findings relate to the theoretical field of internal communication and human resource management. The empiric...

Westman, Daniel; Lindfors, Peter

2012-01-01

38

High-repetition-rate pulsed-pump fiber OPA for amplification of communication signals  

OpenAIRE

The use of a high-repetition-rate pulsed-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier (OPA), followed by a narrow optical filter for transparent signal amplification, was proposed. Theory and simulations predict larger gain and gain bandwidth compared to a continuous-wave pump with the same average power. Experimentally, when using a pump with 0.63 W of average power in a 500-m-long highly nonlinear fiber, the gain increased from 19.7 to 29.2 dB, and the bandwidth increased when a CW pump was ch...

Wong, Kky; Kalogerakis, G.; Shimizu, K.; Marhic, Me; Uesaka, K.; Kazovsky, Lg

2006-01-01

39

The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network  

OpenAIRE

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweet...

Conover, Michael D.; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; Mckelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

40

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication)  

OpenAIRE

The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Mat...

Raúl Navarro; Santiago Yubero

2012-01-01

41

Communication Strategies via Social Media : The case study of Tomorrowland  

OpenAIRE

Background: In the past decade, Social Media has been an interesting Internet phenomenon. Social Media has increased the ability for Internet users to communicate and interact with one another, allowing them to overcome boundaries that once made communication difficult and slow. It has become a big part of everyday life and has fundamentally changed the way we send and receive information. This transformation has led to businesses acknowledging the need for a change in the way they communicat...

Kazakulova, Yulia; Kuhn, Erik

2012-01-01

42

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course from a Business Communication Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy…

Meredith, Michael J.

2012-01-01

43

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

44

Social Responsibility in Advertising: A Marketing Communications Student Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advertising has played a key role in bringing corporate social responsibility (CSR) to the public agenda on behalf of agency clients, little effort has been made to define what social responsibility means in advertising. A national survey of 1,045 advertising and marketing communications students from 176 colleges and universities were…

Kendrick, Alice; Fullerton, Jami A.; Kim, Yeo Jung

2013-01-01

45

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or face to face was related to the quality of social relationships, namely the perceived strength of social ties. Examining the dyadic friendship structure of a representative sample of Israeli adolescents, the study provides important contributions to the rapidly growing literature on online social relationships in general, and on youth networks in particular. The results support the social compensation approach to the study of online social relationship formation. The motivation for online friendship formation proved to be related to adolescents’ attempts to compensate for a lack of social support by using the Internet for communication. Furthermore, while face-to-face relationships remained highly important, for those adolescents who found in the Internet others with whom they developed intimacy, online ties were strong and meaningful. Additionally, adolescents with strong virtual ties were found to be distinctive in their social background. Our findings call for a qualification of the theoretical approach to online social ties, and imply that it is not the technology per se that obstructs or facilitates the formation of social friendship but the social embeddedness of the ties.

Ilan Talmud

2006-03-01

46

The expert game -- Cooperation in social communication  

CERN Document Server

Large parts of professional human communication proceed in a request-reply fashion, whereby requests contain specifics of the information desired while replies can deliver the required information. However, time limitations often force individuals to prioritize some while neglecting others. This dilemma will inevitably force individuals into defecting against some communication partners to give attention to others. Furthermore, communication entirely breaks down when individuals act purely egoistically as replies would never be issued and quest for desired information would always be prioritized. Here we present an experiment, termed "The expert game", where a number of individuals communicate with one-another through an electronic messaging system. By imposing a strict limit on the number of sent messages, individuals were required to decide between requesting information that is beneficial for themselves or helping others by replying to their requests. In the experiment, individuals were assigned the task t...

Bendtsen, Kristian Moss; Haerter, Jan O

2013-01-01

47

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) to Treat Social Anxiety Disorder: Case Reports and a Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and debilitating anxiety disorders. However, few studies had been dedicated to the neurobiology underlying SAD until the last decade. Rates of non-responders to standard methods of treatment remain unsatisfactorily high of approximately 25%, including SAD. Advances in our understanding of SAD could lead to new treatment strategies. A potential non invasive therapeutic option is repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Thus, we reported two cases of SAD treated with rTMS Methods: The bibliographical search used Pubmed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scielo databases. The terms chosen for the search were: anxiety disorders, neuroimaging, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Results: In most of the studies conducted on anxiety disorders, except SAD, the right prefrontal cortex (PFC), more specifically dorsolateral PFC was stimulated, with marked results when applying high-rTMS compared with studies stimulating the opposite side. However, according to the “valence hypothesis”, anxiety disorders might be characterized by an interhemispheric imbalance associated with increased right-hemispheric activity. With regard to the two cases treated with rTMS, we found a decrease in BDI, BAI and LSAS scores from baseline to follow-up. Conclusion: We hypothesize that the application of low-rTMS over the right medial PFC (mPFC; the main structure involved in SAD circuitry) combined with high-rTMS over the left mPFC, for at least 4 weeks on consecutive weekdays, may induce a balance in brain activity, opening an attractive therapeutic option for the treatment of SAD. PMID:24278088

Paes, Flávia; Baczynski, Tathiana; Novaes, Felipe; Marinho, Tamires; Arias-Carrión, Oscar; Budde, Henning; Sack, Alexander T.; Huston, Joseph P.; Almada, Leonardo Ferreira; Carta, Mauro; Silva, Adriana Cardoso; Nardi, Antonio E.; Machado, Sergio

2013-01-01

48

Music goes social! : music startups' viewpoints on marketing communications, social media and music industry  

OpenAIRE

This thesis studies Finnish music industry startups’ viewpoints on marketing communica-tions and social media, as well as their views on the future of the music business. Four Finland based music industry startups were interviewed for the study. Separate chapters deal with the framework of the study: marketing communications, social media and music industry. During the past few years a number of startup companies have been established in Finland with the aim of providing online and dig...

Vermasheina?, Kaisa

2011-01-01

49

The political communication of social movements  

OpenAIRE

Social movements increasingly mobilize contestation either against the institutionalization of the EU system of governance or against the penetration of European norms at the domestic level. As a French association created in 1998 to promote the Tobin tax and to regulate the globalization of financial markets, Attac is a paradigmatic example of social movements intends to “politicize” European issues from below. This chapter uses the methodologies of process-tracing and content analysis a...

Petithomme, Mathieu

2009-01-01

50

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives such as crisis management and recruiting talent. The CSR perception among individuals is shaped by interpersonal and mass media communication; companies are perceived as responsible if their communication is rich in information. The information sources are mostly television and radio but there is a growing part of online channels as well. The study also suggests several possibilities for future research including the role of social networks and social media platforms in the diffusion of CSR.

Banu Dincer

2013-04-01

51

Future cooperative communication systems driven by social mobile networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this work we are underlining the importance of social mobile networks for upcoming cooperative communication systems. The assumption of this work is that future mobile communication systems will incorporate user cooperation, i.e. a combination of cellular access in parallel with ongoing short range links to the neighboring devices. It has been shown that user cooperation enables higher data rates, better spectral efficiencies, and reduces the energy consumption of the mobile unit. In this work the social mobile networks are identified to be a fertile ground to facilitate the cooperative use cases. By the example of the Gedda-Headz gaming community, possible links between cooperative mobile communication and social mobile networks are shown.

Blázovics, L.; Varga, C.

2011-01-01

52

Risk communication and the social amplification of risk  

OpenAIRE

Risk communication is a novel concept in the scientific pursuit to understand and analyze risk related decisions and behavior in modem society. But the new term has only changed the focus of attention from a static description of what risk means for different communities to a dynamic analysis on how these communities exchange information about risk and adjust their behavior.The concept of social amplification of risk provides a framework for the analysis of communication as well as other soci...

Renn, Ortwin

1991-01-01

53

Entertainment as a Form of Communication: Concepts and Social Functions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the phenomenon of the entertainment. Entertainment is perceived as one of the effective forms of communication stimulating the socialization of the individual in the society. There are presented the definitions of that phenomenon given by the representatives of different sciences (psychologists, sociologists, and researchers of culture. The variety, the difficulties of its classification and possibilities are also discussed in the article. There are analysed its kinds and peculiarities and disclosed the main social functions (recreational, cognitive, educational, communicational, representative, its role in life of individual and society. 

Valdas Pruskus

2013-04-01

54

Social Networking and Smart Technology: Viable Environmental Communication Tools…?  

Science.gov (United States)

To what extent do popular social networking channels represent a viable means for disseminating information regarding environmental change to the general public? Are new forms of communication such as YouTube™, Facebook™, MySpace™ and Twitter™ and smart devices such as iPhone™ and BlackBerry™ useful and effective in terms motivating people into social action and behavioural modification; or do they simply pay ‘lip service’ to these pressing environmental issues? This project will explore the background connections between social networking and environmental communication and education; and outline why such tools might be an appropriate way to connect to a broad audience in an efficient and unconventional manner. Further, research will survey the current prevalence of reliable environmental change information on social networking Internet-based media; and finally, suggestions for improved strategies and new directions will be provided.

Montain, J.; Byrne, J. M.

2010-12-01

55

Analyzing the Dynamics of Communication in Online Social Networks  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter deals with the analysis of interpersonal communication dynamics in online social networks and social media. Communication is central to the evolution of social systems. Today, the different online social sites feature variegated interactional affordances, ranging from blogging, micro-blogging, sharing media elements (i.e., image, video) as well as a rich set of social actions such as tagging, voting, commenting and so on. Consequently, these communication tools have begun to redefine the ways in which we exchange information or concepts, and how the media channels impact our online interactional behavior. Our central hypothesis is that such communication dynamics between individuals manifest themselves via two key aspects: the information or concept that is the content of communication, and the channel i.e., the media via which communication takes place. We present computational models and discuss large-scale quantitative observational studies for both these organizing ideas. First, we develop a computational framework to determine the "interestingness" property of conversations cented around rich media. Second, we present user models of diffusion of social actions and study the impact of homophily on the diffusion process. The outcome of this research is twofold. First, extensive empirical studies on datasets from YouTube have indicated that on rich media sites, the conversations that are deemed "interesting" appear to have consequential impact on the properties of the social network they are associated with: in terms of degree of participation of the individuals in future conversations, thematic diffusion as well as emergent cohesiveness in activity among the concerned participants in the network. Second, observational and computational studies on large social media datasets such as Twitter have indicated that diffusion of social actions in a network can be indicative of future information cascades. Besides, given a topic, these cascades are often a function of attribute homophily existent among the participants. We believe that this chapter can make significant contribution into a better understanding of how we communicate online and how it is redefining our collective sociological behavior.

de Choudhury, Munmun; Sundaram, Hari; John, Ajita; Seligmann, Doree Duncan

56

IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATION FOR NEW PROFESSIONALS  

OpenAIRE

Social Networking is a very wide concept, which means connecting of one being to another, either one or many. In this research paper, the author focusses on Social Networking and Communication, its importance in day to day life of professional, and its place in their busy schedule. This paper is mainly for the professionals who are newly entered in their professional field. To accomplish this research, the author conducted a survey of 50-60 sample size, which included Doctors, Professors, Ad...

SHILPA SHAH

2013-01-01

57

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: COMMUNICATING IN PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS  

OpenAIRE

Objective: to examine the details of declared activities of social responsibility in the public sector. To achieve the objective the following tasks are formulated: (1) to review the CSR research carried out inLithuania; (2) to analyse the communicative actions of public sector organizations concerning socially responsible activities. Method of work: the article is written using the methods of content analysis, analogy and reflecti...

?????? ?????????? ?????????; ?????? ?????????? ????????????

2014-01-01

58

The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network  

CERN Document Server

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street. We find that, compared to a network of stable domestic political communication, the Occupy Wall Street network exhibits higher levels of locality and a hub and spoke structure, in which the majority of non-local attention is allocated to high-profile locations such as New York, California, and Washington D.C. Moreover, we observe that information flows across state boundaries are more likely to contain framing lang...

Conover, Michael D; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

59

Social media in an integrated marketing communication strategy  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this research work is to find out how to integrate social media in Off-Road’s Finnmark marketing communications. One of the aims of this research is to help the case company to increase the usage of social media in their marketing strategy. The next objective is to develop a marketing strategy for Off-Road Finnmark, in order to assist the organization to implement social media. Relevant articles and literature was reviewed in order to have data to develop the lite...

Lopez Y Gonzalez, Manuel

2012-01-01

60

Communication and Social Exchange Processes in Community Theater Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the communication experiences of two volunteer groups involved in the production of community theater musicals. Based on social exchange theory, it examined what group members perceived to be the positive benefits (primarily meeting people and having an opportunity to perform) and the negative costs (primarily disorganization,…

Kramer, Michael W.

2005-01-01

61

Involving Parents in Teaching Social Communication Skills to Young Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on why and how speech-language pathologists and other professionals can encourage the involvement of parents in teaching social communication skills to their young children. Four main topics are explored: (1) the evidence that many of the children with special needs served by speech-language pathologists and other…

Weiss, Amy L.; Theadore, Geraldine

2011-01-01

62

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, d...

Saif Hossain

2013-01-01

63

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

CERN Document Server

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing political discourse on Twitter. We introduce several new analytical perspectives on online discourse with the goal of facilitating collaboration between individuals in the computational and social sciences. The design decisions described in this article are motivated by real-world use cases developed in collaboration with colleagues at the Indiana University School of Journalism.

McKelvey, Karissa; Conover, Michael D; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

64

Social Media - A New Way of Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Internet has a major impact when it comes to marketing tools, providing new opportunities that were not previously available is the traditional marketing environment. Each traditional communication channel has its obvious advantages and organizations must continue to use it, but the Internet is a channel in constant development, enjoying high attention and being currently used by more than a third of the global population. Knowing the different advantages and disadvantages of both traditional and online marketing, a good marketer may be able to make the right decision when developing integrated marketing strategies.

Talpau A.

2014-12-01

65

People, who has Parkinson’s disease, depression’s level and social communication interfases  

OpenAIRE

Investigation: People, who has Parkinson's disease, depression’s level and social communication interfaces. Key words: Parkinson‘s disease, depression, social communication. The purpose of investigation: to investigate, people, who has parkinson‘s disease, the level of depression and social communication interfaces. Problems: 1. To set people‘s, who has Parkinson‘s disease the social communication features. 2. To investigate people, who has Parkinson's disease, depression of separat...

Draz?baite?, Indre?

2013-01-01

66

Influence and Dissemination Of Sentiments in Social Network Communication Patterns  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Previous research suggests the existence of sentiments in online social networks. In comparison to real life human interaction, in which sentiments have been shown to have an influence on human behaviour, it is not yet completely understood which mechanisms explain how sentiments influence users in online environments. We develop a theoretical framework that tries to bridge the gap between social influence theories that focus on offline interactions on one hand and online interaction in social networks on the other hand. We then test our hypothesis about the influence and dissemination of sentiments in a quantitative analysis that is based on retrieved textual messages of communication patterns in over 12000 online social networks. Our empirical results suggest a general influence of sentiments on node communication patterns that is evidenced by increased occurrences of subsequent messages that express the same sentiment polarization. We interpret these findings and suggest future research to advance our currently limited theories that assume perceived and generalized social influence to path-dependent social influence models that consider actual behaviour.

Trier, Matthias

2013-01-01

67

Social argumentation in online synchronous communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In education, argumentation has an increasing importance because it can be used to foster learning in various fields including philosophy, history, sciences, and mathematics. Argumentation is also at the heart of scientific inquiry. Many educational technology researchers have been interested in finding out how technologies can be employed to improve students' learning of argumentation. Therefore, many computer-based tools or argumentation systems have been developed to assist students in their acquisition of argumentation skills. While the argumentation systems incorporating online debating tools present a good resource in formal settings, there is limited research revealing what argumentative skills students are portraying in informal online settings without the presence of a moderator. This dissertation investigates the nature of argumentative practices in a massively multiplayer online game where the system successfully incorporates the authentic use of online synchronous communication tools and the patterns that emerge from the interplay between a number of contextual variables including synchronicity, interest, authenticity, and topical knowledge.

Angiono, Ivan

68

The communication of meaning in social systems  

CERN Document Server

The sociological domain is different from the psychological one insofar as meaning can be communicated at the supra-individual level (Schutz, 1932; Luhmann, 1984). The computation of anticipatory systems enables us to distinguish between these domains in terms of weakly and strongly anticipatory systems with a structural coupling between them (Maturana, 1978). Anticipatory systems have been defined as systems which entertain models of themselves (Rosen, 1985). The model provides meaning to the modeled system from the perspective of hindsight, that is, by advancing along the time axis towards possible future states. Strongly anticipatory systems construct their own future states (Dubois, 1998a and b). The dynamics of weak and strong anticipations can be simulated as incursion and hyper-incursion, respectively. Hyper-incursion generates "horizons of meaning" (Husserl, 1929) among which choices have to be made by incursive agency.

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

69

Corporate Social Responsibility, Reputation, and Moral Communication : A Constructivist View  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Conditions and notions of corporate reputation underwent in the last years a fundamental change. Economic and technological processes of globalization, modernization, and rationalization enforced the institutionalization of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the corporate world. It is often assumed, that CSR positively affects corporate reputation and leads to financial benefits, although empirical evidence and an appropriate conceptualization of reputation are often missing. This chapter discusses the relation between CSR and reputation by taking a meta-perspective: it presents and critically discusses insights from instrumental perspectives and from political-normative perspectives (legitimacy, business ethics). It alternatively develops a constructivist communication view on CSR, building on the “communication constitutes organizations” perspective and a non-dualist turn. It argues that CSR is a symbolically mediated, communicative event, which, based on the underlying dynamics of moral communication, does not simply produce reputation, but also result in dysfunctional effects.

Schultz, Friederike

2013-01-01

70

Social Media and Strategic Market Communications of Festivals  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Since the emerging omnipresence of social media usage in Western societies, marketers have been eager to harness the strategic communication potential of new media (e.g. blogs, wikis, visual content sharing sites and online communities. This is also apparent in event tourism; for instance music festivals have proved to be early adopters of Facebook fan sites and Twitter in order to distribute information, campaigns and celebrity rumors to their potential visitors in an inexpensive way. On the other hand, the strategic use of social media has also been hypothesized to be paved with a number of challenges. In order to fill a void of empirical studies of managing festival communications, this paper explores how social media is used as a tool for marketing and service innovation. By conducting focus groups and personal interviews with larger music events (Storsjöyran, Way Out West and Roskilde festival), we investigate current practices, perceived risks and opportunities for revitalizingevent communications in general. During the inventory phase of the research project, two distinctive fields of knowledge gaps have been identified, namely (1) the effect and efficiency measurement methods in a social medial mix and (2) dilemmas of crowdsourcing as an institutionalized practice.

Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

2010-01-01

71

Comunicação social e vacinação Social communication and vaccination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças menores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania.Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da Rocha

2003-01-01

72

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812. In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Matson Questionnaire subscale and cyberbullying using the Victimization Scale via Internet. The results show that the group with high social skills and low levels of anxiety spend more time communicating online and use instant messages to talk to friends. In contrast, the online behaviour of the group with high levels of anxiety and low social skills are more motivated to communicate online by their desire to make new friends. Cybervictims spend more time online, use chat rooms and communicate more with strangers than those who do not suffer cyberbullying. These findings suggest that the Internet offers opportunities to maintain and extend social networks but also exposes young people to online risks.

Raúl Navarro

2012-12-01

73

Comunicação social e vacinação / Social communication and vaccination  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As campanhas de imunização vêm passando, ao longo dos anos, por um processo de aperfeiçoamento, especialmente com o advento dos dias nacionais de vacinação contra a poliomielite, realizados a partir de 1980. Há uma preocupação com o resultado do esforço em convocar pais e responsáveis por crianças m [...] enores de cinco anos. Várias estratégias são utilizadas. Foi criada uma marca que simbolizava, inicialmente, o compromisso com a erradicação da poliomielite e, posteriormente, com todas as vacinas previstas para o primeiro ano de vida. Foi o marco da comunicação que buscava dar unidade a esse processo sem perder as características mais localizadas. O Zé Gotinha é, até hoje, símbolo de vacina. Para além da polêmica sobre se campanha educa ou deseduca, fica o saldo positivo de uma experiência e a certeza de que é preciso buscar os motivos, continuar pesquisando, identificando metodologias e técnicas de maior aproximação com a população para que ela perceba a oferta de serviços e ações de saúde como direito de cidadania. Abstract in english Over the years, various efforts have been made to improve immunization campaigns, especially through the 1980 introduction of National Vaccination Days against polio. Concern has been shown over the results of attempts to reach parents and others responsible for children under the age of five, and a [...] variety of strategies have been tried. A trademark was created in Brazil, at first symbolic of the commitment to eradicate polio and, later, linked to all vaccines that should be administered during the first year of a child's life. This use of communication tools represents an endeavor to lend unity to the process without overriding local characteristics. Even today, Zé Gotinha symbolizes vaccines in Brazil. Leaving aside the controversy over whether campaigns inform or disinform, the experience has left its positive mark, clearly showing us it is necessary to explore motivations, advance research, and identify methodologies and techniques that will reach the general public and help people perceive that health services and activities are a citizen's right.

Cristina Maria Vieira da, Rocha.

74

Corporate social responsibility communication: firm strategies and consumer responses  

OpenAIRE

While corporate social responsibility (CSR) currently occupies an important position on the corporate agenda, the relationship between CSR and financial performance is equivocal. Specifically, previous research suggests the way in which CSR activities are executed determines whether or not consumers or other stakeholders will support them. Through three papers, the research provides a nuanced understanding of both how firms communicate their CSR activities and how consumers in turn respond ...

Green, Todd Douglas

2012-01-01

75

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

OpenAIRE

The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives su...

Banu Dincer; Caner Dincer

2013-01-01

76

Social media in marketing communications planning for entrepreneurs  

OpenAIRE

The study consisted of both primary and secondary research. Firstly, the secondary research findings introduce the reader into the topic by explaining the most relevant facts and linking the following three subject areas: Marketing Communications, Entrepreneurship and Social Media. To support the theoretical findings, the primary research achieved the exploratory purpose of the research. The key aim of the primary research was to gain a better understanding of how entrepreneurs use and manage...

Paajanen, Jenni

2011-01-01

77

Repetitive Behavior in Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome: Parallels with Autism Spectrum Phenomenology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Syndrome specific repetitive behavior profiles have been described previously. A detailed profile is absent for Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS). The Repetitive Behaviour Questionnaire and Social Communication Questionnaire were completed for children and adults with RTS (N = 87), Fragile-X (N = 196) and Down (N = 132) syndromes, and individuals reaching cut-off for autism spectrum disorder (N = 228). Total and matched group analyses were conducted. A phenotypic profile of repetitive behavior was found in RTS. The majority of behaviors in RTS were not associated with social-communication deficits or degree of disability. Repetitive behavior should be studied at a fine-grained level. A dissociation of the triad of impairments might be evident in RTS. PMID:25491025

Waite, Jane; Moss, Joanna; Beck, Sarah R; Richards, Caroline; Nelson, Lisa; Arron, Kate; Burbidge, Cheryl; Berg, Katy; Oliver, Chris

2014-12-10

78

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

79

The Rules Grid: Helping Children with Social Communication and Interaction Needs Manage Social Complexity  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces a new practical visual approach, the Rules Grid, to support children who have social communication and interaction needs. The Rules Grid involves a system whereby behaviours of concern can be broken down into smaller behavioural manifestations which in turn lead not only to problem identification and specification, but…

Devlin, Niall

2009-01-01

80

Time Allocation in Social Networks: Correlation Between Social Structure and Human Communication Dynamics  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research has shown the deep impact of the dynamics of human interactions (or temporal social networks) on the spreading of information, opinion formation, etc. In general, the bursty nature of human interactions lowers the interaction between people to the extent that both the speed and reach of information diffusion are diminished. Using a large database of 20 million users of mobile phone calls we show evidence this effect is not homogeneous in the social network but in fact, there is a large correlation between this effect and the social topological structure around a given individual. In particular, we show that social relations of hubs in a network are relatively weaker from the dynamical point than those that are poorer connected in the information diffusion process. Our results show the importance of the temporal patterns of communication when analyzing and modeling dynamical process on social networks.

Miritello, Giovanna; Lara, Rubén; Moro, Esteban

81

Los nuevos medios de comunicación social: las redes sociales / The new media for Social Communication: the social networking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: En el intercambio de testigo que están realizando los medios de comunicación tradicionales y las redes sociales no sólo se está produciendo una simple sustitución, ni tan siquiera una transmutuación como comúnmente se está queriendo entender. Como en todo proceso, están surgiendo nuevas propiedades que en el ámbito de la comunicación se relacionan con principios como la deslocalización, la imprevisión, la inmediatez o la interacción. Unas cualidades sobre las que reflexionaremos en el siguiente artículo, con la intención de adecuar su definición en el entorno de los nuevos medios de comunicación social.Abstract: In the exchange of witness being done by traditional media and social networking is not only producing a simple substitution, not even one as commonly transmutuación is trying to understand. As in any process, properties that are emerging in the field of communication principles as they relate to relocation, unpredictability, immediacy or interaction. Qualities on which we reflect in the following article, with the intention to adapt its definition in the setting of new media.

Antonio Pantoja Chaves

2011-09-01

82

Social Email: A Framework and Application for More Socially-Aware Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

As online social networks (OSN) attempt to mimic real life social networks, we have made progress towards using OSNs to provide us with data to allow for richer and more robust online communications. In this paper, we present a novel approach towards socially-aware email. Currently, email provides too little control to the recipient. Our approach, dubbed SoEmail, provides social context to messages using an OSN's underlying social graph. This not only gives the recipient control over who can message her, but it also provides her with an understanding of where the message originated from, socially. Furthermore, users who do not wish to use the built-in social aspect of SoEmail, can send and receive emails without any changes to their behavior. The modifications we made to the email application to provide this social context are not invasive and can be easily ignored by any existing email client. We built SoEmail on top of an existing framework, known as Davis Social Links, which allows SoEmail to be completely agnostic about the underlying OSN. We created a web-based, standards-based web client for SoEmail using Facebook and Gmail as the underlying systems which has been released for public use and has had a good adoption rate.

Tran, Thomas; Rowe, Jeff; Wu, S. Felix

83

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, education, health, interpersonal relationships are easier to be acquired and amplified Also, the local communities, companies, educational institutions or non-profit organizations increasingly approach themselves to the citizens, receive their problems and try to solve them efficiently. On the other hand, the expansion of the modern means of communication became possible by the steadily decreasing costs of information and of the appropriate management technologies. Virtual communities may, however, only partially replace the traditional communities and the direct physical interaction between people, because online connections are made between people, not between places. Moreover, a high degree of interconnection involves the spreading of ideas, links and various discoveries or improvements of some already existing equipment and processes. The content of this study paper is created using secondary sources of information – with limited and also limiting feature – in an office research, the areas of analysis being studied separately. The result of the study paper is to evidence the fact that the interest for the interactive electronic communication is increasing. We support the idea that such communication contributes to business development in a particular field, in the social sector, but it is better to be aware of its less desirable effects from which we can notice the loss of privacy, the identity theft, the aggressive promotion etc. In our opinion, in this study paper we only partially achieved to highlight the increasingly strong relationship between communication, interactivity and electronic media and, therefore, we hope that this demarche will be continued in other research.

Purice Suzana

2012-12-01

84

Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Social Communication Skills in Preschoolers and School-Aged Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective social communication interventions achieve 2 outcomes: enhancement of language and social skills and generalization of these skills during authentic interactions with peers. This article describes intervention contexts and strategies for promoting generalization of social communication skills in children with language impairments.…

Timler, Geralyn R.; Vogler-Elias, Dawn; McGill, K. Fay

2007-01-01

85

Corporate Social Responsibility in Online Social Networks : An Empirical Analysis of Corporate Communication for Brands on the German Market  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Considering growing public awareness of social, ethical and ecological responsibility, companies have constantly been increasing their efforts in CSR communications. Social Media as tools of brand communication receive increasing attention and it is expected that the marketing sector will experience changes through this phenomenon in the future. This empirical study investigates the types of content that is communicated for different brands and industries in leading Social Media portals on the German market in 2011. It turns out that this kind of CSR communication differs in terms of portals used, as well as in contents. Also, remarkable differences between industries can be observed.

Horn, Christian; Brem, Alexander

2014-01-01

86

Internal Communication and Social Dialogue in Knowledge-Based Organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge-based organizations are constructed on intangible assets, such as the expertise and the values of the employees. As a consequence, motivation and professional excellence of employees are the main objectives of management teams. For this type of organizations, considered as true “knowledge systems”, the employees represent the most valuable resource that is not motivated only through financial means, but also through internal communication, autonomy or social rewards. The research of Eurofound shows that knowledge-based organizations have a low number of trade unions, while professional associations are more relevant for them. There is no tradition to defend through negotiation the working conditions of employees, thus it is important for managers to use the best practices, in order to increase the employees’ loyalty. We conducted a qualitative research concerning the quality of professional life of employees in five sectors of knowledge-based services: advertising-marketing, IT, banking and finance, research and development, and higher education; 15-20 employees from each sector were interviewed. Some of the questions referred directly to trade unions and affiliation, and also to internal communication. Although the results showed a different situation in each of the five sectors, there are few common characteristics: descendant communication is more frequent than ascendant communication, trade unions were reported as missing, unrepresentative or not very active, and the greatest part of employees in this sector are not affiliated, facts that limits the possibility of maintaining employees’ motivation on long term.

Diana-Maria CISMARU

2014-02-01

87

IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATION FOR NEW PROFESSIONALS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social Networking is a very wide concept, which means connecting of one being to another, either one or many. In this research paper, the author focusses on Social Networking and Communication, its importance in day to day life of professional, and its place in their busy schedule. This paper is mainly for the professionals who are newly entered in their professional field. To accomplish this research, the author conducted a survey of 50-60 sample size, which included Doctors, Professors, Advocates, Chartered Accountants and some new professionals also. Author took opinions from them through a small questionnaire. All the professionals were selected from Sangli, Koplhapur, JaysingpuansSatara in Western Maharashtra region.

SHILPA SHAH

2013-03-01

88

Yeh, mon. No problem : An Ethnographic Study of Risk Communication and Social Trust in Jamaica.  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to examine the impact of social trust in public risk communication in St Elizabeth, Jamaica. From a cultural rationality approach is social trust assumed to affect the public’s risk perceptions and consequently their risk behavior when it comes to natural disasters. Hence, social trust is assumed to have an effect of how the citizenry of Jamaica perceives public risk communication. The risk communication carried out by the local authorities (St Elizabeth Parish Coun...

Hellsing, Fanny

2011-01-01

89

Electronic Word-of-Mouth Communication and Consumer Behaviour : An Exploratory Study of Danish Social Media Communication Influence  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The rapid adoption of social media, along with the easy access to peer information and interactions, has resulted in massive online word-of-mouth communication. These interactions among consumers have an increasing power over the success or failure of companies and brands. Drawing upon word-of-mouth communication and consumer behaviour theories, this paper investigates the use of word-of-mouth communication through social media among a group of Danish consumers. The findings suggest that electronic word-of-mouth communication among friends and peers affect consumer behaviour. Additionally, peer communication is perceived as more objective and therefore found more reliable than companies’ brand communication. Furthermore, negative word-of-mouth is perceived as more trustworthy compared to positive messages, which are often believed to be too subjective. The research findings emphasise the importance one has to assign to social media as a source of reputation for companies and brands, which eventually impact consumers’ choices.

Pedersen, Signe Tegtmeier; Razmerita, Liana

2014-01-01

90

New insight for social risk communication of nuclear power towards social consensus for HLW disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the construction of effective knowledge base on safety and non-anxiety for nuclear power, a study on new communication system about social risk information has been initiated by noticing the rapid expansion of Internet in the society. By constructing Internet Website communication system on the geological disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, we conducted the experiment of communication for verifying the principles such as that the basic technical knowledge and trust, and social ethics are indispensable in this process to close the perception gap between nuclear specialists and the general public. The cognition structural equation model by means of the variables reduction method of multiple regression analysis and by compiling the significant paths by covariance structure analysis was built based on this experimental data. Moreover, by investigating more detailed public subconscious on the high-level radioactive wastes by 'text mining method' with the special reference to the Public Comment in July 2000 and the literature survey, it was found that the freely discussing ideas based on the environmental ethics such as 'fairness in results' and 'fairness in opportunity' from scratch would gain a potential of enhancing the social receptivity. (author)

91

Social media usage in the field of marketing communication between organisations (B2B)  

OpenAIRE

In the master's thesis, we have dealt with social media at the area of marketing communication between companies (B2B). First, we have studied the definitions and technical basis for social media usage, because this is a rather young area at the area of communication among companies. Further, we have examined possibilities of using social media in companies in details and positive and negative effects that social media could bring to companies, which decide for their usage. We have wanted...

Krivec, Damjana

2013-01-01

92

Comunicación, construcción de la realidad e imaginarios sociales / Communication, Construction of Reality and Social Imaginaries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La confusión generada en el campo de la comunicación por la asunción de una Teoría de la señal (Shannon) que buscaba la efectividad en la transmisión del mensaje entre un emisor y un receptor, generalizándola como teoría de la información o de la comunicación ha supuesto una orientación de las inves [...] tigaciones en comunicación dirigidas por los intereses del mercado publicitario (“Efectos de los medios”, etc.). Es necesario recuperar como orientación básica de las investigaciones en comunicación el carácter de selección de posibilidades en la construcción plural de las realidades que se disputan el asentimiento de nuestra confianza. Se propone como instrumento central de esta nueva orientación una teoría de los imaginarios sociales como concepto operativo que permite observar los diferentes mecanismos de construcción de realidades a través de la aplicación del código “relevancia/opacidad” a los productos mediáticos “en los que vivimos, nos movemos y somos”. Abstract in english The confusion generated in the communicational field by the assumption of a signal theory (Shannon) that searches for effectiveness in the transmission of a message from a transmitter to a receiver, which is generalized as a theory of information or of communication, has proposed an orientation in c [...] ommunicational research directed towards the publicity market (The effects of social communication, etc.). It is necessary to recover as the basic orientation of communicational research, the character of selecting possibilities in the plural construction of realities that discuss the basis for our confidence. As the central instrument of this new orientation, a theory of social images is proposed as an operative concept that permits the observation of different mechanisms of construction of realities through the application of a code of “relevance/ opaqueness” in media products “ in which we live, move and exist”.

Juan Luis, PINTOS.

2005-06-01

93

The Effect of Communication Skills and Interpersonal Problem Solving Skills on Social Self-Efficacy  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine communication skills, interpersonal problem solving skills, and social self-efficacy perception of adolescents and the predictive role of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. This study is a quantitative and relational study aimed at examining the…

Erozkan, Atilgan

2013-01-01

94

Teaching Students How to Integrate and Assess Social Networking Tools in Marketing Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

This research is based on two studies that focus on teaching students how to integrate and assess social networking tools in marketing communications. Study 1 examines how students in marketing classes utilize social networking tools and explores their attitudes regarding the use of such tools for marketing communications. Study 2 focuses on an…

Schlee, Regina Pefanis; Harich, Katrin R.

2013-01-01

95

The Developmental Sequence of Social-Communicative Skills in Young Children with Autism: A Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

To explore the different developmental trajectories of social-communicative skills in children with autism and typically developing infants, two longitudinal studies were conducted. In Study 1, we examined the developmental sequence of social-communicative skills in 26 typically developing infants when they were 9 months old and reexamined them…

Wu, Chin-Chin; Chiang, Chung-Hsin

2014-01-01

96

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

OpenAIRE

Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

O?zgen, Ebru; Doymus?, Hu?snur

2013-01-01

97

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

Ebru ÖZGEN

2013-02-01

98

The MAVEN mission to Mars: Communicating science through social media  

Science.gov (United States)

While science literacy rates in the U.S. have recently increased, overall levels remain remarkably low.There are opportunities for the public to learn about science and to engage directly with real-life practitioners. It is the responsibility of science education and communications professionals to provide these opportunities and to assess the effectiveness of each platform. At the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we utilize a diverse, well-tested approach to introduce science to the public and to give scientists access to the broadest possible audience. This poster will focus on NASA's MAVEN mission to Mars and the social media outlets we have incorporated into our Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program in order to introduce rather complex science concepts to the public. We'll examine several evaluation tools that are used to provide ongoing, immediate feedback regarding our strategies and to guide long-term efforts. MAVEN educators and scientists are capitalizing on the recent excitement surrounding Mars science and the public's fascination with the search for life to bring the science of the mission directly to a variety of audiences. Our EPO professionals are using cross-platform, transportable content to maximize exposure and create pathways for two-way interactions between our audience and mission experts. We are using social media tools to build a community that will join us in the MAVEN journey and its important scientific discoveries.

Mason, T.; Renfrow, S.

2012-12-01

99

"What Is the Best Way to Be a Social Justice Advocate?": Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Conflict can shut down communication, the key to social justice advocacy. In this article, the author shares his insights on how some communication strategies can help manage conflict and sustain open conversation with students about contentious issues. Recently, the author participated in an extremely heated discussion session for student affairs…

Nash, Robert J.

2010-01-01

100

Communication in social networks: Effects of kinship, network size, and emotional closeness  

OpenAIRE

Communication is important in preventing social relationships from decaying over time. This study examined the effects of social network size, emotional closeness, and type of relationship (kinship vs. friendship) on communication patterns in the social networks of 251 women. Participants with large kin networks had longer times to last contact to both kin and friends. Participants with high levels of emotional closeness in their networks had shorter times to last contact. The effect of emoti...

Roberts, Sgb; Dunbar, Rim

2011-01-01

101

Integrating Social Media into the Marketing Communication Strategy : The Case of ID24  

OpenAIRE

Problem:  Integration of social media tools in marketing practice of B2B companies is not a widespread phenomenon yet. However, particular patterns of involvement already exist. Companies get connected through social media and they use Web 2.0 tools to engage the customers in communication and to interact and build relationships with them.   Purpose: The overall purpose of this thesis is to deepen and broaden the knowledge of the application of social media into the communication strategy ...

Amerian, Irsa; Pisareva, Natallia

2012-01-01

102

Social, communication, and cortical structural impairments in Epac2-deficient mice  

OpenAIRE

Deficits in social and communication behaviors are common features of a number of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the molecular and cellular substrates of these higher order brain functions are not well understood. Here we report that specific alterations in social and communication behaviors in mice occur as a result of loss of the EPAC2 gene, which encodes a protein kinase A-independent cyclic AMP target. Epac2-deficient mice exhibited robust deficits in social interactions and ultra...

Srivastava, Deepak P.; Jones, Kelly A.; Woolfrey, Kevin M.; Burgdorf, Jeffrey; Russell, Theron A.; Kalmbach, Abigail; Lee, Hyerin; Yang, Connie; Bradberry, Mazdak M.; Wokosin, David; Moskal, Joseph R.; Casanova, Manuel F.; Waters, Jack; Penzes, Peter

2012-01-01

103

Use of social media in managing customer relationships in a Chinese SME - A communication perspective  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of social media as a means to communicate with customers in an SME context. Two particular aspects were analyzed in this study. First, the role of social media was to be identified. Second, the study focused on the most important characteristics of social media in meeting the challenges in managing customer relationships. International business creates challenges for international business communication. I...

Wei, Jie

2014-01-01

104

Adolescent Peer Relationships and Behavior Problems Predict Young Adults' Communication on Social Networking Websites  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined online communication on social networking web pages in a longitudinal sample of 92 youths (39 male, 53 female). Participants' social and behavioral adjustment was assessed when they were ages 13-14 years and again at ages 20-22 years. At ages 20-22 years, participants' social networking website use and indicators of friendship…

Mikami, Amori Yee; Szwedo, David E.; Allen, Joseph P.; Evans, Meredyth A.; Hare, Amanda L.

2010-01-01

105

Redefining call: Social networking as a vehicle for cross-cultural communication  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the interaction patterns of written communication that took place between two cohorts of Net Generation students: international students from Asian countries and native speakers of American English. The communication took place within the discussion area of a social networking site (Facebook). The study was designed using a quasi-experimental, multiple-case study approach, offers a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the communication using Loban's communication units...

Medley, Rebecca Lynn

2009-01-01

106

The Role of Communication in Enhancing Employees’ Organizational Commitment : Exploring the Relationship between Social-emotional-oriented Communication, Work-oriented Communication and Organizational Commitment in China  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to explore the roles of social-emotional-oriented communication and work-oriented communication in enhancing organizational commitment in the context of the People’s Republic of China. Literature regarding the functions of different types of communication was reviewed and the human relations theory was applied as the main guidance of the current research. The study utilized the statistical method to analyze the data collected from questionnaires. A total of 69 e...

Wang, Yan

2011-01-01

107

Information and communication technologies and social network sites : The digital world of adolescents  

OpenAIRE

At present, it is hard to imagine many adolescents in Ireland experiencing life without Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Social Network Sites (SNSs) in their everyday social and leisure pursuits. Many have access to a range of ICTs and most are registered with at least one Social Network Site. To date however, limited academic attention has been given to the context of ICT and Social Network Site use in Irish adolescents’ lives. The aim of this research is to contri...

Delaney, Patrick

2011-01-01

108

Using Social Networking Sites for Communicable Disease Control: Innovative Contact Tracing or Breach of Confidentiality?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media applications such as Twitter, YouTube and Facebook have attained huge popularity, with more than three billion people and organizations predicted to have a social networking account by 2015. Social media offers a rapid avenue of communication with the public and has potential benefits for communicable disease control and surveillance. However, its application in everyday public health practice raises a number of important issues around confidentiality and autonomy. We report here a case from local level health protection where the friend of an individual with meningococcal septicaemia used a social networking site to notify potential contacts. PMID:24688599

Mandeville, Kate L; Harris, Matthew; Thomas, H Lucy; Chow, Yimmy; Seng, Claude

2014-04-01

109

Social Duty and Her Function in Communication Strategy of Firm  

OpenAIRE

Social responsibility is not charity, it’s a duty. Today we see all major companies following social responsibility. Social duty is not only attention allotted consumers, customers and contractors, communions and environment, as well employees and implicit their family. In concept triple bottom line, social duty presume achievements of social level, financial plane and environment level and follow a positive impact on society and, in same time, financial achievements. Education is an ar...

Tanasoiu, Georgiana Lavinia; Enea, Constanta

2008-01-01

110

Social Networking: Changing the way we communicate and do business.  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews the value of social networking and the impact it can have on small and large businesses. The paper also reviews the Social Networking Business Plan and the power of recommender networks. Examples are given of inbound and outbound marketing techniques. Social Networking is an integral part of inbound marketing. A synopsis of the evolving demographic of social networkers is presented to add clarity and show potential for social networking websites and tools.

Jones, Kevin

2009-01-01

111

Promoting child-initiated social-communication in children with autism  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the effects of the Son-Rise Program (SRP), an intensive treatment aimed to improve child-initiated social communication in children with autism. Six children between the ages of 47 and 78 months were provided with 40 h of SRP, with pre- to post-treatment behavioral changes tested using a novel passive interaction probe task. Results showed an increase in the frequency of spontaneous social orienting and gestural communication for the experimental children, compared to six ...

Houghton, Kat; Schuchard, Julia; Lewis, Charlie; Thompson, Cynthia

2013-01-01

112

On building socially responsible printing: an Organizational Communication Based Study Carried out on Higher Education Institution  

OpenAIRE

The main goal of this work is to analyze how organizational communication tools are used to manage printing, from both internal and external audiences, in what regards social responsibility in three Higher Education Institutions from Pernambuco (UFPE, FAFIRE, ASCES). In order to build our theoretical framework, we have used concepts from Printing Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Theory, Organi-zational Communication, Organizational Culture and Organizational Structure...

Silvio Luiz Paula; José Ricardo Mendonça

2014-01-01

113

Second Life: A Strong Communication Tool in Social Networking and Business  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this study is to present different communication methods in Second Life virtual world, its implication on social networking, business and future scope. The current study is a review of various literatures relating to social networking, virtual community, virtual reality and online business in Second Life. The study has shown the strong and competitive advantages of Second Life among other virtual worlds and the contributions it has made on real life through communication and ...

Sharma Gajendra; Wenjun Sun; Qiang Ye

2010-01-01

114

Communicative Dynamics and the Polyphony of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Network Society  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper develops a media theoretical extension of the communicative view on corporate social responsibility by elaborating on the characteristics of network societies, arguing that new media increase the speed and connectivity, and lead to higher plurality and the potential polarization of reality constructions. We discuss the implications for corporate social responsibility of becoming more polyphonic and sketch the contours of “communicative legitimacy.” Finally, we present this special issue and develop some questions for future research.

Castello, Itziar; Morsing, Mette

2013-01-01

115

Stakeholder perceptions of communication of corporate social responsibility: case Lappset Group  

OpenAIRE

Stakeholder Perceptions of Communication of Corporate Social Responsibility: Case Lappset Group Objective of the Study The objective of the study was to explore the stakeholder perceptions concerning communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the case company, Lappset Group Ltd. The target stakeholder group consisted of architects, landscape architects and landscape designers (referred to as architects), who are considered by the case company as important opinion leader...

Kiviluoma, Marianne

2013-01-01

116

Using websites to communicate corporate social responsibility for listed financial services companies  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research is to investigate the use of the corporate websites of listed financial services companies to communicate their corporate social responsibilities. This research also examines how adherence to section thirteen of the Financial Sector Charter, regarding Corporate Social Investment, is communicated on the corporate websites. The research also examined how the websites are used and how the information is organised and presented in order to draw co...

Morkel, Lisa

2010-01-01

117

Social Networks and the Communication of Norms About Prenatal Care in Rural Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many normative beliefs are shared and learned through interpersonal communication, yet research on norms typically focuses on their effects rather than the communication that shapes them. This study focused on interpersonal communication during pregnancy to uncover (a) the nature of pregnancy-related communication and (b) normative information transmitted through such communication. Results from interviews with pregnant women living in rural Mexico revealed limited social networks; often, only a woman's mother or the baby's father were consulted about prenatal care decisions. However, women also indicated that communication with others during pregnancy provided important normative information regarding prenatal care. First, most referents believed that women should receive prenatal care (injunctive norm), which was conceptualized by participants as biomedical, nonmedical, or a blend of both. Second, family members often received prenatal care, whereas friends did not (descriptive norms). These findings highlight the key role of personal and social networks in shaping personal pregnancy-related beliefs and behaviors. PMID:25116348

Lapinski, Maria Knight; Anderson, Jenn; Cruz, Shannon; Lapine, Peter

2014-08-12

118

Online Company-stakeholder Communication : Lessons from Vattenfall’s Social Media Campaign on Climate Change  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Based on a systematic data collection we study one of the first pioneering company-stakeholder communication campaigns in social media: the case of energy company Vattenfall A/S’s pan-European campaign ‘The Climate Manifesto’. Our findings challenge the general assumption, that stakeholder interaction and dialogue on CSR issues is advanced in social media. Rather, our data shows how representatives from the corporate sector and civil society organizations repeat and reinforce their arguments with no amendments during the campaign. The analysis shows that constructive dialogue and interaction lacked between the company and stakeholders. Vattenfall was accused of green-washing, resulting in a communications crisis. Negative stakeholder reactions consisted of prejudiced and non-negotiable argumentation indicating that social media imposes new managerial challenges since communication processes are scaled up and bring on autonomous and legitimate sources of information, providing stakeholders with more power in terms of co-production of ‘the truth’, and more complex routes to corporate legitimacy compared to offline communication. We discuss assumptions about improved dialogue via social technologies and we question to what extent social media serve the enhancement of improved understandings across corporate and civil society on CSR issues. This paper suggests that managers face a risk of the “double-edge of stakeholder communication” when incorporating social media into their CSR strategies: companies need to expose themselves and engage in social media to improve stakeholder engagement, while they by this action also attract higher level of criticism.

Eriksen, Rikke Augustinus; Morsing, Mette

119

Communication Abnormalities Predict Functional Outcomes in Chronic Schizophrenia: Differential Associations with Social and Adaptive Functions  

OpenAIRE

Communication abnormalities are hallmark features of schizophrenia. Despite the prevalence and persistence of these symptoms, little is known about their functional implications. In this study, we examined, in a sample of chronically institutionalized schizophrenia patients (N=317), whether two types of communication abnormalities (i.e., verbal underproductivity and disconnected speech) had differential relationships with social and adaptive outcomes. Baseline ratings of verbal underproductiv...

Bowie, Christopher R.; Harvey, Philip D.

2008-01-01

120

Communication Disorders in the School: Perspectives on Academic and Social Success an Introduction  

Science.gov (United States)

The critical role of communication in schools cannot be understated. Communication skills are a necessity both in the academic and social atmosphere of the school environment. Unfortunately, there are a large number of children in the schools today identified with speech and language disorders. This special edition of "Psychology in the Schools"…

Thatcher, Karen L.; Fletcher, Kathryn; Decker, Blair

2008-01-01

121

Logging On, Bouncing Back: An Experimental Investigation of Online Communication following Social Exclusion  

Science.gov (United States)

A majority of U.S. adolescents at least occasionally communicate on the Internet with unknown peers. This study tested the hypothesis that online communication with an unknown peer facilitates recovery from the acute aversive effects of social exclusion and examined whether this benefit may be greater for adolescents compared with young adults. A…

Gross, Elisheva F.

2009-01-01

122

Face to Facebook: Social Media and the Learning and Teaching Potential of Symmetrical, Synchronous Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Social networking offers teachers and learners exciting opportunities to communicate. Web 2.0 and its synchronous communications platforms provide new avenues for teachers to deliver curriculum and facilitate learning. Further, they provide new avenues for students to engage and intensify their own learning. Being able to chat in real-time with a…

VanDoorn, George; Eklund, Antoinette A.

2013-01-01

123

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

OpenAIRE

Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or ...

Ilan Talmud; Mesch, Gustavo S.

2006-01-01

124

Product communication strategy driven by social network profiles : an experimental teaching module  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the development and testing of an experimental teaching module on product communication strategy. The study aims to answer the question of how new social platforms such as Facebook can help in developing new strategies for product communication. Developing links between a product and consumer preferences. In this experimental learning module, students of the New Media Production course developed new strategies for product communication, identifying possible active archety...

Silva, J. M. G.

2012-01-01

125

School Communications 2.0: A Social Media Strategy for K-12 Principals and Superintendents  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative, multiple-case study was two-fold: 1) to describe, analyze, and interpret the experiences of school principals and superintendents who use multiple social media tools such as blogs, microblogs, social networking sites, podcasts, and online videos with stakeholders as part of their comprehensive communications

Cox, Daniel Dean

2012-01-01

126

Social Networks, Communication Styles, and Learning Performance in a CSCL Community  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to empirically investigate the relationships between communication styles, social networks, and learning performance in a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) community. Using social network analysis (SNA) and longitudinal survey data, we analyzed how 31 distributed learners developed collaborative learning…

Cho, Hichang; Gay, Geri; Davidson, Barry; Ingraffea, Anthony

2007-01-01

127

Connecting Content, Context, and Communication in a Sixth-Grade Social Studies Class through Political Cartoons  

Science.gov (United States)

Sixth-grade students are challenged in understanding social studies content relevant to particular contexts, then connecting the content and context to their contemporary lives while communicating new knowledge to peers and teachers. Using political cartoons published after September 11, 2001, one sixth-grade social studies teacher designed…

Gallavan, Nancy P.; Webster-Smith, Angela; Dean, Sheila S.

2012-01-01

128

Social Change and Mass Media: Towards a Cybernetic Communication Model for National Development in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noting that China has undergone tremendous social change in its three decades under the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist ideology, this paper contends that such change has triggered tension that upsets the equilibrium of the entire social system. The paper uses Talcott Parson's cybernetic communication model to explain the societal level changes that have…

Koo, Charles M.

129

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES USE IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL SCIENCES TEACHING IN FOREIGN SCHOOL ???????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article the problem of information and communication technologies (ICT introduction into the social science branch is considered, the analysis of experience of the European countries is submitted; examples of ICT application in the subjects of social science cycle of general school are given.? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? (??? ? ????????????????? ?????? ??????, ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????, ?????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????????????? ????? ????????????????? ?????.

O.?. ?????????

2010-08-01

130

Analysis of Retailers’Communication Approaches in Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reports  

OpenAIRE

Following the emergence of stakeholders’ societal awareness, retailers adopted different types of social actions and have recently begun to publish social reports to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and social responsibility in order to be perceived as good corporate citizens.The purpose of this paper is to analyze and to discuss approaches adopted by retailers in communicating about their societal commitment through their non-financial reports.Using a qualita...

Mejri, Mohamed; Wolf, Daniel

2012-01-01

131

Utilizing Social Network Services for Enhanced Communication with Elderly Living at Home  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper discusses whether social network services, like Facebook and Twitter, may be used by elderly living in their own homes to enhance communication with their relatives and friends. It introduces a prototype solution based on the iRobot Roomba 560, iRobot, USA, robot vacuum cleaner, which has been enhanced with Facebook and Twitter communication capabilities. The paper points out a number of other relevant applications where the use of social network services may provide better communication for ambient assisted living solutions and intelligent environments.

Wagner, Stefan

2009-01-01

132

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

OpenAIRE

In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, edu...

Purice Suzana; Enache Elena; Morozan Cristian

2012-01-01

133

Identical or Just Compatible? The Utility of Corporate Identity Values in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study explores whether companies embracing a corporate social responsibility agenda have a strategic focus on adapting and aligning their value systems to reflect such commitment. The analysis is based on empirical data and a conceptual model juxtaposing corporate values, corporate social responsibility values, and implementation to capture how the different configurations of these aspects may impact the communication carried out by corporations. The findings indicate that the companies in the data sample operate with two markedly different value systems. The coexistence of two value systems is discussed in relation to the reported difficulties that companies experience when facing the new and complex challenge of communicating corporate social responsibility.

Schmeltz, Line

2014-01-01

134

Los nuevos medios de comunicación social: las redes sociales / The new media for Social Communication: the social networking  

OpenAIRE

Resumen: En el intercambio de testigo que están realizando los medios de comunicación tradicionales y las redes sociales no sólo se está produciendo una simple sustitución, ni tan siquiera una transmutuación como comúnmente se está queriendo entender. Como en todo proceso, están surgiendo nuevas propiedades que en el ámbito de la comunicación se relacionan con principios como la deslocalización, la imprevisión, la inmediatez o la interacción. Unas cualidades sobre las que reflex...

Antonio Pantoja Chaves.

2011-01-01

135

Social Media as a strategic tool for Corporate Communication/ Los Medios Sociales como una herramienta estratégica para la Comunicación Corporativa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Companies around the globe are embracing and adapting social media for many differentintentions: customer service, marketing, internal communications, public relations orcorporate social responsibility, etc. It is now a reality that social media is channging the waystakeholders and companies communicate daily, providing opportunities for collaboration,participation, interactivity, and engagement. Therefore, social media is conceived today inthe corporate world as a strategic communication partner, driving new and uniquepossibilities for organizations to engage stakeholders in conversations. We are witnesses of anew digital era where consumers are becoming active users rather than passive individuals,changing dramatically how society operates. But these useful technological tools areemployed widely and precisely by corporations in order to facilitate and improvecommunications? This research aims to discover the usage of different social mediaplatforms by Puerto Rican companies. A content analysis was performed to the Facebookand Twitter official profiles of the top 400 locally owned Puerto Rican companies of 2009.The principal objective was to find if social media sites were mainly used as a strategic toolfor corporate communication that can enhance stakeholder participation and engagement.Results showed that Puerto Rican companies are not employing social media platforms forimproving communications with different stakeholders, failing to take advantage of theenormous possibilities that social media has for communication./Compañías alrededor del mundo están utilizando los medios sociales para diferentespropósitos: servicio al cliente, mercadeo, comunicaciones internas, relaciones públicas oresponsabilidad social corporativa, etc. Hoy en día es una realidad que los medios socialesestán cambiando la manera en que se comunican las compañías con los distintos públicos deinterés, trayendo consigo oportunidades para la colaboración, el intercambio de ideas, laparticipación y el compromiso. En la actualidad los medios sociales son concebidos en elmundo corporativo como un socio estratégico comunicativo, brindando oportunidadesnuevas y únicas para el fomento de un diálogo efectivo con diferentes públicos. Somostestigos de una nueva era digital donde los consumidores se están convirtiendo en usuariosactivos en vez de permanecer como individuos pasivos, cambiando así dramáticamentecómo la sociedad opera. Pero, ¿son los medios sociales utilizados ampliamente por lasempresas con el fin de facilitar y mejorar las comunicaciones? Esta investigación pretendedescubrir el uso que las empresas puertorriqueñas le dan a las distintas plataformas demedios sociales. Un análisis de contenido fue realizado a las páginas oficiales de Facebook yTwitter de las 400 mejores empresas locales de Puerto Rico del año 2009. El objetivoprincipal fue descubrir si los medios sociales son utilizados principalmente como unaherramienta estratégica para la comunicación corporativa, fomentando así la participaciónde distintos públicos en conversaciones. Los resultados encontrados indican que lascompañías puertorriqueñas no utilizan los medios sociales para el fomento de lacomunicación con sus distintos públicos de interés, fallando en tomar ventaja de losenormes beneficios que los medios sociales ofrecen para la comunicación.

Ivette Soto Velez

2011-11-01

136

The relationship of loneliness and social anxiety with children's and adolescents' online communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children and adolescents now communicate online to form and/or maintain relationships with friends, family, and strangers. Relationships in "real life" are important for children's and adolescents' psychosocial development; however, they can be difficult for those who experience feelings of loneliness and/or social anxiety. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in usage of online communication patterns between children and adolescents with and without self-reported loneliness and social anxiety. Six hundred twenty-six students ages 10 to 16 years completed a survey on the amount of time they spent communicating online, the topics they discussed, the partners they engaged with, and their purposes for communicating over the Internet. Participants were administered a shortened version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale and an abbreviated subscale of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A). Additionally, age and gender differences in usage of the online communication patterns were examined across the entire sample. Findings revealed that children and adolescents who self-reported being lonely communicated online significantly more frequently about personal and intimate topics than did those who did not self-report being lonely. The former were motivated to use online communication significantly more frequently to compensate for their weaker social skills to meet new people. Results suggest that Internet usage allows them to fulfill critical needs of social interactions, self-disclosure, and identity exploration. Future research, however, should explore whether or not the benefits derived from online communication may also facilitate lonely children's and adolescents' offline social relationships. PMID:20557247

Bonetti, Luigi; Campbell, Marilyn Anne; Gilmore, Linda

2010-06-01

137

The persistence of social signatures in human communication  

CERN Document Server

The social brain hypothesis has suggested that social network size (and structure) is constrained by a combination of cognitive processes and the time required to service social relationships. We test this hypothesis in humans using a unique 18-month mobile phone dataset by examining changes in the structure of social networks across a major change in subjects' social and geographical circumstances. Our analysis reveals that the time allocation patterns of call frequency by participants to network members have a distinctive overall shape, where a small number of top-ranked network members received a disproportionately large fraction of calls, with some individual variation. However, importantly, whilst there was a large turnover of individual network members, these changes have little effect on the time allocation patterns of each individual: individuals thus displayed a distinctive "social signature" that was both persistent over time and independent of the identities of the network members. This provides th...

Saramaki, J; Lopez, E; Roberts, S G B; Reed-Tsochas, F; Dunbar, R I M

2012-01-01

138

Perceived Social Structure, Role, and Communication Patterns in an Organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study finds partial support for the association between a member's role in an organization, his perception of the structure of the organization and self-reported communications within the organization. Functional role as opposed to status role emerged as being of primary importance in understanding the relation between communications and…

Kaman, Vicki; And Others

1979-01-01

139

Communication on Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development in France  

OpenAIRE

France is located at the crossroads of major European cultural currents, between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean, his attention to the preservation of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development has evolved in recent years by taking several attempts and measures. Many studies were interested to evaluate the scope of social and environmental disclosure by using different measures; these criteria do not cover all features which can reflect all social and environmental conc...

Lassaad Ben Mahjoub; Khmaoussi Halioui

2012-01-01

140

MARKETING COMMUNICATION IN ONLINE SOCIAL PROGRAMS: OHANIAN MODEL OF SOURCE CREDIBILITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of the Internet as a medium for interaction with customers has resulted in many changes regarding the promotion of organizations. Online marketing is nowadays used not only to sell a product on the market, but also requires ideas and behavioral change. Non-profit organizations active in online communication are based on the quality of their provided information. Crediblity, attractiveness and usefullness are the key elements that provide effective online social programs. This paper aims to extend the scope of research in the field of social marketing by studying the Ohanian model in the online environment. The goal is to highlight the important theories and social models intrinsic to the online non-profit organizations’ communication. The results show that the efficiency of social programs depends on the level of incorporated elements of social theories in the design, content and structure of the website.

Serban Corina

2010-07-01

141

Communicating Social Support to Grieving Clients: The Veterinarians' View  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory study examines veterinarians' perceptions of how they offer social support to grieving clients. Because many clients cannot find the social support they would like from other sources when grieving the death of a pet, the role of the vet in offering support becomes increasingly important. The results indicate that vets perceive…

Pilgram, Mary D.

2010-01-01

142

Communication on Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development in France  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available France is located at the crossroads of major European cultural currents, between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean, his attention to the preservation of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development has evolved in recent years by taking several attempts and measures. Many studies were interested to evaluate the scope of social and environmental disclosure by using different measures; these criteria do not cover all features which can reflect all social and environmental concerns.We attempt to determine the level of corporate social responsibility disclosure in France by a new measure; it takes the form of an index; for this, we use a content analysis of annual reports in order to evaluate the items which describe the impact of firm activity on environment and community.Our findings show an acceptable level of social and environmental disclosure, in French companies, compared to others studies.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.61.3.1393

Lassaad Ben Mahjoub

2012-10-01

143

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

OpenAIRE

Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Fa...

Cingel, Drew P.; Lauricella, Alexis R.; Ellen Wartella; Annie Conway

2014-01-01

144

Social media and language learning: enhancing intercultural communicative competence  

OpenAIRE

Researchers have established that cultural openness is essential in language teaching. Indeed, it is believed that languages cannot be appropriately understood without appreciating the culture in which they are developed, and empathising with the people who communicate through them. However questions have been raised as to how to enhance awareness of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) most effectively. Teachers have implemented a number of educational methods with the aim to promote...

Le Baron-earle, Florence

2013-01-01

145

ON INTEGRATED COURSE “SOCIAL AND SPEECH COMMUNICATIONS” FOR STUDENTS OF ART HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the experience in teaching the course “Social and Speech Communication”. As the result of training the students are to master the arsenal of means for effective communication, the base of which turns out to be linguistic communication and its bearer that is the language personality, get knowledge about complex processes of information exchange, discover the psychological peculiarities of verbal and non-verbal communication, learn how to communicate for solving professional and personal problems.The skill of fluent mastering all kinds of speech activity, the skill of correct and intellectual communication in various spheres and structures, the skill of speech event linguistic analysis including from the point of view of their esthetical value represent the unity of systemic and individual approach in the sphere of humanitarian training for future architects, designers and managers.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-43

Elena Nicolaevna Klemenova

2013-11-01

146

Communications in Movements. Social Movement as Agents of Participatory democracy  

OpenAIRE

Literature on social movements, mass media and democracy have rarely interacted. More recently, however, in all three fields of knowledge, some opportunities for reciprocal learning and interactions developed, moved by some exogenous, societal changes as well as disciplinary evolution. The author argues that looking at the intersection of democracy, media and social movements could be particularly useful within a relational and constructivist, that takes normative positions by the different a...

Della Porta, Donatella

2011-01-01

147

New Tech, New Ties: : How mobile communication is reshaping social cohesion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The message of this book is simple: the mobile phone strengthens social bonds among family and friends. With a traditional land-line telephone, we place calls to a location and ask hopefully if someone is "there"; with a mobile phone, we have instant and perpetual access to friends and family regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions—those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family—sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present—and creates what he calls "bounded solidarity." Ling argues that mobile communication helps to engender and develop social cohesion within the family and the peer group. Drawing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Erving Goffman, and Randall Collins, Ling shows that ritual interaction is a catalyst for the development of social bonding. From this perspective, he examines how mobile communication affects face-to-face ritual situations and how ritual is used in interaction mediated by mobile communication. He looks at the evidence, including interviews and observations from around the world, that documents the effect of mobile communication on social bonding and also examines some of the other possibly problematic issues raised by tighter social cohesion in small groups.

Ling, Richard

2008-01-01

148

Chemical communication and social regulation in the honey bees colony (apis mellifera L.)  

OpenAIRE

In the honeybee colony (Apis mellifera L.) studies of the chemical communication are essential to understand social regulations. In the honey bee colony more than 50 chemical substances with releaser and primer effects have been identified. Despite years of research on this type of communication, significant work remains to be done.In this thesis, the aim is to characterize the dynamics of a major pheromone: ethyl oleate (EO), which optimizes the balance between nurses and foragers in the col...

Maisonnasse, Alban

2010-01-01

149

The behaviour of young children with social communication disorders during dyadic interaction with peers  

OpenAIRE

Children with social communication disorders are known to experience more problematic peer relations than typically-developing children. However, detailed observation of their behaviour and communication during interaction with peers has not previously been undertaken. Micro-analytic observational methods were used to analyse the audio-taped interaction of children (N=112) selected from mainstream schools (ages 5–6 years-old) on a computerised dyadic collaborative task. Comparisons were mad...

Murphy, Suzanne M.; Faulkner, Dorothy; Farley, Laura R.

2013-01-01

150

Social Pressures and Mobile Communication Technology: Preliminary Understanding of Two Factor Analyses over Time  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Drawing from social perspectives, this proposed study reports factor analyses and regression results from two sample sets collected over time, and seeks to shed light on how social forces might affect the adoption behavior of rapidly growing mobile communication technology. On the one hand, similarities of those factor analyses suggest that a call for attention to social factors that are commonly lacking in the existing body of IT adoption literature is needed. On the other hand, disparities between regression results imply that adoption behavior over time might be more complicated than what was previously understood or anticipated. However, further evidence is needed to validate such assertion that was not concluded in indecisive regression results. As mobile communication technology penetrates the global knowledge economy, further understanding of how social factors influence user adoption behavior could help contribute to the greater IT business and research practice worldwide.

Peter Sutanto

2008-12-01

151

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand alone, it needs an effective media for its placement, one of them is packaging design. By using a Biskiz Susu packaging design as a case study, I try to analyze the design elements, like color, shape, brand, illustration/character, typography, and layout and then connect them with aspects like: the visual perception impact of packaging design and the importance in communicating Corporate Social Responsibility. For input information, I also discuss some consideration aspects of placing the contributor’s identity on the packaging. Based on this study, the contributor’s information in the products gives many advantages. The result shows that graphic design could be the effective element for communicating Corporate Social Responsibility and packaging design can be one of the recommended media for graphic design placement. Hopefully, this analysis could help a corporation, organization or the government in organizing the graphic design elements and considering a packaging as a medium to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR.

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

152

Exploring the communication relationship between corporate donors and social development NPO recipients  

OpenAIRE

The complexities in the social development setting in South African are clearly evident from unemployment and poverty statistics, low levels of literacy and education and lacking government response to social ills (CASE 2003). Added to the complex environment in which South African non-profit organisations (NPOs) operate, is the communication relationship between NPOs and their corporate donors (as stakeholders of one another). This relationship is important for the survival and financial sus...

Fourie, Lynnette Mitizi; Dyk, Louise

2012-01-01

153

Signaling and Reciprocity: Robust Decentralized Information Flows in Social, Communication, and Computer Networks  

OpenAIRE

Complex networks exist for a number of purposes. The neural, metabolic and food networks ensure our survival, while the social, economic, transportation and communication networks allow us to prosper. Independently of the purposes and particularities of the physical embodiment of the networks, one of their fundamental functions is the delivery of information from one part of the network to another. Gossip and diseases diffuse in the social networks, ...

Galuba, Wojciech

2011-01-01

154

Students' Orientation towards Interpersonal Communication in Online Social Networking Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: As computer-mediated communication has diffused, successive technological variations raise new questions about interpersonal impressions and several standardized instruments have been advanced in literature to asses various aspect of interpersonal attraction phenomena. The purpose of this paper is to examine the claims for reliability and…

Kayode, Bakare Kazeem; Zamzami, Ikhlas F.; Olowolayemo, Akeem

2012-01-01

155

Social Modulation of Associative Fear Learning by Pheromone Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Mice communicate through visual, vocal, and olfactory cues that influence innate, nonassociative behavior. We here report that exposure to a recently fear-conditioned familiar mouse impairs acquisition of conditioned fear and facilitates fear extinction, effects mimicked by both an olfactory chemosignal emitted by a recently fear-conditioned…

Bredy, Timothy W.; Barad, Mark

2009-01-01

156

Deaf Children in Communication. A Study of Communicative Strategies Used by Deaf Children in Social Interactions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The book reports on a descriptive study of communicative strategies used by 15 deaf preschoolers. Video recording with simultaneous direct observations were made once a month in a kindergarten for deaf and hearing children. Children were observed during periods from .5 to 2 years. Descriptions of communicative strategies are based on…

Preisler, Gunilla

157

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process. We observe a high influence of ethics (humanistic and holistic ethics in the training, religious orientation as a factor considered to select the Communication studies.

Josep-Lluís del OLMO-ARRIAGA

2012-12-01

158

Beyond Traditional DTN Routing: Social Networks for Opportunistic Communication  

CERN Document Server

This article examines the evolution of routing protocols for intermittently connected ad hoc networks and discusses the trend toward social-based routing protocols. A survey of current routing solutions is presented, where routing protocols for opportunistic networks are classified based on the network graph employed. The need to capture performance tradeoffs from a multi-objective perspective is highlighted.

Schurgot, Mary R; Jaffrès-Runser, Katia

2011-01-01

159

Differential Associations between Sensory Response Patterns and Language, Social, and Communication Measures in Children with Autism or Other Developmental Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To examine patterns of sensory responsiveness (i.e., hyperresponsiveness, hyporesponsiveness, and sensory seeking) as factors that may account for variability in social-communicative symptoms of autism and variability in language, social, and communication skill development in children with autism or other developmental disabilities…

Watson, Linda R.; Patten, Elena; Baranek, Grace T.; Poe, Michele; Boyd, Brian A.; Freuler, Ashley; Lorenzi, Jill

2011-01-01

160

Social informatics and the political economy of communications  

OpenAIRE

Purpose – There is a need to understand both theoretically and empirically the dominant guiding principles that are becoming embedded in people's technologically mediated interactions and what the alternatives may be. Aims to provide an evaluation of the work of Rob Kling in helping to find guidance on these issues. Design/methodology/approach – The paper combines narrative with argument and analysis. Findings – How people communicate in different organisational contexts is informed by ...

Mansell, Robin

2005-01-01

161

New Media and Social Media in the Political Communication  

OpenAIRE

This study presents the 2009 Romanian presidential elections and the way in which thecandidates interacted with the new communication technologies. After the first research conducted on the2004 online electoral campaigns, we noticed that, in Romania, the degree of alphabetization and politicalparticipation (the number of people knowing how to read and write, or the number of those effectivelyparticipating at the poll) is just as small as it was after the mass internet was introduced and after...

Antonio Momoc

2011-01-01

162

Modelos de determinação social das doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis Models of social determination of chronic non-communicable diseases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este ensaio revisa criticamente marcos referenciais e modelos teóricos de determinação social das chamadas Doenças Crônicas Não-Transmissíveis. A sociologia funcionalista gerou modelos socioculturais de saúde que influenciaram o campo de investigação epidemiológica da chamada "nova morbidade" (basicamente enfermidades crônicas e degenerativas, posteriormente agrupados sob o rótulo genérico de Teoria do Estresse. Analisam-se abordagens neodurkheimianas das desigualdades sociais, baseadas no conceito de capital social, criticando especialmente os usos quase-teóricos da noção de "estilo de vida" no campo da saúde. Discutem-se ainda alguns modelos derivados do materialismo dialético que se tornaram bastante influentes na epidemiologia social latino-americana, com base nos conceitos de trabalho e classe social. Finalmente, considerando lacunas teóricas e conceituais dessas teorias parciais no que diz respeito ao espaço simbólico da vida social, apresentam-se as bases conceituais de um enfoque teórico alternativo - a "teoria do modo de vida e saúde". Tomada como síntese possível dos modelos objeto desta revisão crítica, considera-se esta teoria como especialmente indicada para a elaboração de modelos epidemiológicos de determinação social de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis.This essay critically revises theoretical frameworks and models of social determination of chronic non-communicable diseases. Functionalist sociology generated sociocultural models of health that influenced the field of epidemiologic investigation of so-called "new morbidity" (basically chronic and degenerative illnesses, later contained under the generic label of stress theory. Neo-durkheimian approaches of social inequalities, based on the social capital concept, are analyzed and theoretical uses of the lifestyle notion in the health field are criticized. Models derived from the dialectical materialism, grounded on the concepts of labor and social class, are also discussed as they have turned quite influential in Latin-American social epidemiology. Finally, considering theoretical and conceptual gaps of such partial theories in what concerns the symbolic space of the social life, the conceptual bases of an alternative theoretical focus: the theory of mode of life and health. As a possible synthesis of the models object of this critical review, it is considered as especially suitable for the elaboration of epidemiologic models of social determination of non-transmissible chronic diseases.

Naomar Almeida-Filho

2004-12-01

163

Problems of social and communicative competence in preschoolers and junior schoolchildren with difficulties in social interaction  

OpenAIRE

The article presents the review of foreign and national investigations concerning genesis and specificity of interactions in children with difficulties in social contacts at early stages of ontogenesis. The following aspects of the problem were regarded: specificity of social interaction in children with autism spectrum disorder and mental retardation; peculiarities of child social interaction as depending on ethnic and gender attributes; factors determining the quality of interaction and so...

Gavrilushkina O.P.; Malova A.A.; Pankratova M.V.

2012-01-01

164

Social Media Use to Enhance Internal Communication: Course Design for Business Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Organizations are increasingly using social media to improve their internal communication. When successfully implemented, such initiatives can have a dramatic impact on internal efficiency, team collaboration, innovation, organizational alignment, and cultural transformation. This article describes a course offered by the Ross School of Business,…

Young, Amy M.; Hinesly, Mary D.

2014-01-01

165

Communication, Academic, and Social Skills of Young Adults with Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This manuscript reports on data collected as part of a larger research study designed to investigate factors that facilitate the integration of children with hearing loss into mainstream environments. Aspects of communicative, academic, and social functioning for 43 adolescents and young adults were examined using questionnaires. In addition,…

Eriks-Brophy, Alice; Durieux-Smith, Andree; Olds, Janet; Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth M.; Duquette, Cheryll; Whittingham, JoAnne

2012-01-01

166

Social media as a new channel for company communication on the example of clothing company  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evolution of marketing orientations, issues of company and market communication are submitted in the article. The role of social media and its using by companies and their customers are pointed. The author of this article has presented the results of the research conducted with young citizens of Silesia Voivodeship.

A. Widawska-Stanisz

2014-03-01

167

Basal Ganglia Shapes Predict Social, Communication, and Motor Dysfunctions in Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Basal ganglia abnormalities have been suggested as contributing to motor, social, and communicative impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Volumetric analyses offer limited ability to detect localized differences in basal ganglia structure. Our objective was to investigate basal ganglia shape abnormalities and their association…

Qiu, Anqi; Adler, Marcy; Crocetti, Deana; Miller, Michael I.; Mostofsky, Stewart H.

2010-01-01

168

Children's Communication and Socialization Skills by Types of Early Education Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is an investigation of children's communication skills and socialization by the types of their early education experiences (e.g., child care centers, private schools, public schools, home, or other). A total of 244 children (average age: 61 months) and their parents participated in this study. According to the results of this study,…

Lee, Joohi; Fox, Jill

2009-01-01

169

Early social experience predicts referential communicative adjustments in five-year-old children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A large body of work has focused on children's ability to attribute mental states to other people, and whether these abilities are influenced by the extent and nature of children's social interactions. However, it remains largely unknown which developmental factors shape children's ability to influence the mental states of others. Building on the suggestion that collaborative experiences early in life might be crucial for the emergence of mental coordination abilities, here we assess the relative contribution of social exposure to familial and non-familial agents on children's communicative adjustments to their mental model of an addressee ('audience design'). During an online interactive game, five-year-olds spontaneously organized their non-verbal communicative behaviors according to their beliefs about an interlocutor. The magnitude of these communicative adjustments was predicted by the time spent at daycare, from birth until four years of age, over and above effects of familial social environment. These results suggest that the degree of non-familial social interaction early in life modulates the influence that children's beliefs have on their referential communicative behavior. PMID:24009696

Stolk, Arjen; Hunnius, Sabine; Bekkering, Harold; Toni, Ivan

2013-01-01

170

Private and Inner Speech and the Regulation of Social Speech Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

To further investigate the possible regulatory role of private and inner speech in the context of referential social speech communications, a set of clear and systematically applied measures is needed. This study addresses this need by introducing a rigorous method for identifying private speech and certain sharply defined instances of inaudible…

San Martin Martinez, Conchi; Boada i Calbet, Humbert; Feigenbaum, Peter

2011-01-01

171

STor: Social Network based Anonymous Communication in Tor  

OpenAIRE

Anonymity networks hide user identities with the help of relayed anonymity routers. However, the state-of-the-art anonymity networks do not provide an effective trust model. As a result, users cannot circumvent malicious or vulnerable routers, thus making them susceptible to malicious router based attacks (e.g., correlation attacks). In this paper, we propose a novel social network based trust model to help anonymity networks circumvent malicious routers and obtain secure an...

Zhou, Peng; Luo, Xiapu; Chen, Ang; Chang, Rocky K. C.

2011-01-01

172

Impairment of social behavior and communication in mice lacking the Uba6-dependent ubiquitin activation system.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Uba6-Use1 ubiquitin enzyme cascade is a poorly understood arm of the ubiquitin-proteasome system required for mouse development. Recently, we reported that Uba6 brain-specific knockout (termed NKO) mice display abnormal social behavior and neuronal development due to a decreased spine density and accumulation of Ube3a and Shank3. To better characterize a potential role for NKO mice in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), we performed a comprehensive behavioral characterization of the social behavior and communication of NKO mice. Our behavioral results confirmed that NKO mice display social impairments, as indicated by fewer vocalizations and decreased social interaction. We conclude that UBA6 NKO mice represent a novel ASD mouse model of anti-social and less verbal behavioral symptoms. PMID:25523030

Lee, Ji Yeon; Kwak, Minseok; Lee, Peter C W

2015-03-15

173

Towards a Renaissance in Communication for Social Change Redefining the discipline and practice in the post ‘Arab Spring’ era  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Worldwide, we have experienced a resurgence in practices of bottom-up communication for social change, a plethora of agency in which voice, citizenship and collective action have centre stage as core values, principles and practices. This resurgence sparks a series of questions; How are these new calls for social change and their principles and communicative practices influencing and informing the thinking and practice of institutionalized communication for development and social change? And what are the underlying conceptual differences in the notions of action, participation and social change which inform the new generation of social movements, on one side, and the established field of communication for social change, on the other? These are the questions that drive this chapter.

Tufte, Thomas

2013-01-01

174

Taboo Communication and Social Change: Family Planning in Asia, and Some Suggested Modifications in the Classical Diffusion Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Taboo communication is examined in relation to its distinctive characteristics and its significance in inhibiting social change involving birth control in Asian and other countries. Taboo communication tends to occur between very high homophilous individuals, which poses problems for communications research. Research is inhibited when researchers…

Rogers, Everett M.

175

Examining the relationship between business and society: Constructions, practices, and communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) among organizations in India  

OpenAIRE

This project investigates the (contested) phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Indian context. The study uses a metatheoretical lens of social constructionism and qualitative methods to examine participating organizations‘ constructions of CSR, the institutional context for CSR in India, and the perceived role of CSR communication. By employing a social constructionist perspective on how organizations make sense of CSR, this project advances a communicative understandi...

Chaudhri, Vidhi

2011-01-01

176

On building socially responsible printing: an Organizational Communication Based Study Carried out on Higher Education Institution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to analyze how organizational communication tools are used to manage printing, from both internal and external audiences, in what regards social responsibility in three Higher Education Institutions from Pernambuco (UFPE, FAFIRE, ASCES. In order to build our theoretical framework, we have used concepts from Printing Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Theory, Organi-zational Communication, Organizational Culture and Organizational Structure. With respect to culture, a system of representations and shared values emerges, according to Fischer’s Model (1996. This system influences and is influenced by the organizational structure. We present an overview of Higher Education Institutions and their role on building society, according to the argument presented by Calderón (2010. In this work we discuss the creation of socially responsible printing, through communication with the interested audien-ces, as suggested by the model proposed by Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997. The methodology chosen in this research work is a multiple case study. To this end, we have chosen three institutions, two located in Recife and one in Caruaru, cities in the state of Pernambuco. We have carried out a qualitative investigation. Thus, we have performed a field study with semi-structured interviews, document analysis, direct observations within the institutions in question, as well as indirect observation of photographs and videos. Amongst the results found, the actions performed were shown to be consistent with the management model and culture. The participants of the study have shown us that they are aware of the social role of Higher Education institutions, and have identified the students, professors, workers, students parents, associations, consumers and public service as the main stakeholders involved. Amongst the most commonly used strategies to build a socially responsible strategy, we can highlight exemplification and organizational pro-motion. Higher Education Institutions have shown consistency between Corporate Social Respon-sibility and their cultures and identities, insofar as they tend to communicate only what becomes practice. Our expectation is that this work can bring about knowledge that is relevant both to academia, in what regards the application and verification of theoretical models, as well as to communication and social responsibility managers, when they provide information about the social practices undertaken, as well as the printing management process that contributes to the image of a socially responsible Corporation.

Silvio Luiz Paula

2014-04-01

177

The Role of Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams : A Social Network Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The importance of communication and trust in the context of global virtual teams has been noted and reiterated in the information systems (IS) literature. Yet precisely how communication and trust influence certain outcomes within virtual teams remains unresolved. In this study, we seek to contribute some clarity to the understanding of the theoretical linkages among trust, communication, and member performance in virtual teams. To this end, we identify and test three proposed models (additive, interaction, and mediation) describing the role of trust in its relationship with communication to explain performance. In testing the relationships, we note that the concepts of communication and trust are inherently relational and not properties of individuals. Thus, we argue that a social network approach is potentially more appropriate than attribute-based approaches that have been utilized in prior research. Our results indicate that the "mediating" model best explains how communication and trust work together to influence performance. Overall, the study contributes to the existing body of knowledge on virtual teams by empirically reconciling conflicting views regarding the interrelationships between key constructs in the literature. Further, the study, through its adoption of the social network analysis approach, provides awareness within the IS research community of the strengths of applying network approaches in examining new organizational forms.

Sarker, Saonee; Ahuja, Manju

2011-01-01

178

Frazzled by Facebook? An Exploratory Study of Gender Differences in Social Network Communication among Undergraduate Men and Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Although a majority of young adults are members of at least one social networking site, peer reviewed research examining gender differences in social networking communication is sparse. This study examined gender differences in social networking, particularly for Facebook use, among undergraduates. A survey was distributed to 268 college students…

Thompson, Sharon H.; Lougheed, Eric

2012-01-01

179

Teaching College Students Communication Strategies for Effective Social Justice Advocacy. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume 23  

Science.gov (United States)

The book deals concretely with the most effective ways for educators to be social justice advocates, with questions about what it means to be a social justice advocate, and with the best communication strategies to advocate for a particular social justice view that might start and sustain an open dialogue. The book presents a number of practical…

Nash, Robert J., Ed.; Johnson, Richard Greggory, III, Ed.; Murray, Michele C., Ed.

2012-01-01

180

Study on Communication System of Social Risk Information on Nuclear Energy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As a new risk communication method for the construction of effective knowledge bases about 'safety and non-anxiety for nuclear energy', a study on new communication method of social risk information by means of electronic communication has been started, by noticing rapid expansion of internet usage in the society. The purpose of this research is to enhance the public acceptance to nuclear power in Japan by the following two aspects. The first is to develop the mutual communication system among the working persons involved in both the operation and maintenance activities for nuclear power plant, by which they will exchange their daily experiences to improve the safety conscious activities to foster 'safety culture' attitude. The other is the development of an effective risk communication system between nuclear society and the general publics about the hot issues of 'what are the concerned involved in the final disposal of high-level radioactive waste?' and 'what should we do to have social consensus to deal with this issue in future'. The authors' research plan for the above purpose is summarized as shown in Table 1. As the first step of the authors' three year research project which started from August 2003, social investigation by questionnaires by internet and postal mail, have been just recently conducted on their risk perception for the nuclear power for the people engaged in nuclear business and women in the metropolitan area, respectively, in order to obtain thearea, respectively, in order to obtain the relevant information on how and what should be considered for constructing effective risk communication methods of social risk information between the people within nuclear industries and the general public in society. Although there need to be discussed, the contrasting risk images as shown in Fig.1, can be depicted between the nuclear people and general public these days in Japan, from the results of the social investigation. As the conclusion of the authors' study thus far conducted, the contrasting risk perceptions by both the nuclear people and the general public which are shown in Fig. 1, will contribute to the authors' development of two risk communication systems as the next step of this research project, the one for 'Community network system to foster safety culture among nuclear workers', while the other for 'Affective risk communication network open to society'. (authors)

181

Communicative Competencies and the Structuration of Expectations: The creative tension between Habermas' critical theory and Luhmann's social systems theory  

OpenAIRE

I elaborate on the tension between Luhmann's social systems theory and Habermas' theory of communicative action, and argue that this tension can be resolved by focusing on language as the interhuman medium of the communication which enables us to develop symbolically generalized media of communication such as truth, love, power, etc. Following Luhmann, the layers of self-organization among the differently codified subsystems of communication versus organization of meaning at...

Leydesdorff, L.

2010-01-01

182

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-06-01

183

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive communication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-01-01

184

Social strategy games in communicating trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation in cities  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cities are becoming the locus of climate change policy and planning, both for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. These actions involve a number of trade-offs, including densification of the urban structure, concerns over social equity and the proper use of green infrastructure for adaptation. Many of these impacts are difficult to quantify and their interdependencies are often challenging to comprehend and communicate. There are a number of outstanding gaps in knowledge both in research and in practice in relation to how decisions are made between adaptation and mitigation strategies and what kinds of negative and positive synergies can be identified between them. This paper explores how social games can help people to communicate the trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation measures in an urban environment and examines the possibilities of using social gaming as a research method. Data was collected from Denmark, Finland and the US through organized gaming sessions. The conclusion of the study is that social games, although methodologically challenging, are a promising method to communicate complex planning problems.

Juhola, Sirkku; Driscoll, Patrick Arthur

2013-01-01

185

Deaf Children in Communication: A Study of Communicative Strategies Used by Deaf Children in Social Interactions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fifteen deaf elementary-age children were observed in free play, and their interactions were videotaped. Differences were noted in the interaction and communication skills of children with early sign language experience and orally trained deaf children with late sign language experience. (CL)

Preisler, Gunilla

1984-01-01

186

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-verbal Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's nonverbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social parameters factors with the empirical data from corpus analysis, we establish a model that predicts posture. The predictions from our model successfully demonstrate that both cultural background and social relationship moderate communicative non-verbal behaviors.

Akhter Lipi, Afia; Nakano, Yukiko; Rehm, Mathias

187

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

GHEORGHE ORZAN

2012-05-01

188

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

Gheorghe ORZAN

2012-11-01

189

Narrativas transmídia: diversidade social, discursiva e comunicacional / Transmedia narratives: Social Diversity, Discourse and Communication / Narrativas transmedia: diversidad social, discursiva y comunicacional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os processos comunicacionais vivenciam hoje uma revolução no campo estrutural e no campo das linguagens. Tais mudanças são resultantes de comportamentos e subsídios comunicacionais ofertados para a sociedade contemporânea, como as redes sociais e a mobilidade. Porém, a comunicação ainda não abarcou [...] tais mudanças por completo, apesar dos estudos que contemplam a narrativa transmídia. Este artigo oferece, a partir de um estudo de caráter reflexivo e investigativo, discussões sobre a narrativa transmídia como linguagem social na ficção e no jornalismo. Esperamos, a partir deste estudo, oferecer subsídios sobre novas pesquisas acerca do tema. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los procesos de comunicación experimentan una revolución en el campo estructural y en el de las lenguas. Estos cambios son el producto de comportamientos y contribuciones comunicacionales ofrecidos a la sociedad contemporánea; por ejemplo, redes sociales y movilidad. Sin embargo, l [...] a comunicación no asimiló tales cambios por completo, a pesar de los estudios que tienen en cuenta la narrativa transmedia. Basado en un estudio reflexivo e investigativo, este artículo ofrece análisis acerca de la narrativa transmedia como lenguaje social en la ficción y el periodismo. Esperamos contribuir con nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema. Abstract in english The current communicational process experiences a revolution in both the structural fields and those of the languages. Such changes are the result of communication behaviors and contributions offered to contemporary society, such as social networking and mobility. However, communication has not full [...] y embraced these changes, despite of studies related to the transmedia storytelling. This paper is a reflective and investigative discussion about transmedia strorytelling as social language either in fiction and journalism. Hopefully, this study may also provide insights to new researches regarding this subject.

Denis, Porto-Renó; Andréa Cristina, Versuti; Elizabeth, Moraes-Gonçalves; Vicente, Gosciola.

2011-12-01

190

Making sense of social media communications with chaos theory : beyond metaphors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction Social scientists have long been inspired by chaos theory to describe the complexities of organisational change (Wheatley, 1993; Burnes, 2004), entrepreneurship (Steyaert, 2007) or urban development (Batty & Xie, 1999) arguing that firms or regions are dynamic and unpredictable systems analogous to ecological systems in nature. The notions of phase shifts, feedback loops, strange attractors and bifurcations were borrowed as exotic metaphors to describe contingencies in social and business contexts without further ontological reflection. A similar pattern is observable in tourism research, offering a few conceptual papers which adopt complexity theories to describe destination development patterns (Russel & Faulkner, 2000, 2004; Zahra & Ryan 2007). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the validity of chaos theory in the context of strategic communications, where new (social) media has changed the marketing landscape beyond recognition. The exponential growth of social media platforms hasled to weakened marketer control (and greater consumer sovereignty) over information about organisations and their products. In this new communications paradigm (Muniz & Schau 2007), information is neither stable, controllable commodity nor a content that can be streamlined and circulated in strategically selected promotional mix channels. Borrowing a latourian term, information is a dynamic actant, a key source of structuration of cultural images of organisations and destinations. Marketers are horrified by the prospect of rumours roaming about and running loose in cyberspace (Meredith 2010), creating chaos and noise around neatly streamlined campaigns and brand messages. However, only a handful of such rumours grow to be significant to influence a great number of customers or spill over into mass media channels. Social media users serve as gatekeepers, opting for which fluctuations to pay attention to, which to ignore. The challenge is then to establish a framework of unfolding communication patterns on social media which can eventually explain the collective behaviour of bloggers, twitters and tripadvisors. Method The paper will analyse seemingly random and chaotic communication practices on social media by viewing them as complex adaptive systems described by Stacey (2003). CASs consist of a large number of agents or nodes, each triggered by their own principles and motives. They are also self-organising, as the pattern of behaviour in the system evolves or emerges from the local interaction and adjustments between the agents. Instead of channelled flow of information, the nodes of this network transmit information in all directions simultaneously. Our goal is model the patterns of sense-making in the interactions among community members as well as marketers, by tracking how single postings are weaved and developed into complex, collective stories. The empirical data collection will restrict itself on social media of performative festivals in Scandinavia, including blogs, fansites and other interactive platforms related to Way Out West (Gothenburg) and Roskilde Festival. We will adopt a systematic logging technique following netnographic observation methods (Kozinets, 2010). Findings/Discussion The discussion will critically review the basic assumptions and conceptual justification of analogies derived from chaos theory and attempts to establish a more operational framework in the light of the empirical findings. A model of nonlinear sensemaking processes is offered, based on our analysis of social media communications as complex adaptive systems. This is followed by an examination of the implications of the model for strategic communication and marketers in general. Conclusion The paper concludes that, the adoption of chaos theory approach may have significant benefits for the social sciences of tourism, however, we need to move forward from metaphorical illustrations to more rigorous empirical investigations to understand the complexity of new media communications. Key References Burnes. B. (2005). Complexity theory a

Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

191

Scientific Story Telling & Social Media The role of social media in effectively communicating science  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific discourse generally takes place in appropriate journals, using the language and conventions of science. That's fine, as long as the discourse remains in scientific circles. It is only outside those circles that the rules and techniques of engaging social media tools gain importance. A young generation of scientists are eager to share their experiences by using social media, but is this effective? And how can we better integrate all outreach & media channels to engage general audiences? How can Facebook, Twitter, Skype and YouTube be used as synergy tools in scientific story telling? Case: during IODP Expedtion 342 (June-July 2012) onboard the scientific drillship JOIDES Resolution an onboard educator and videographer worked non-stop fort two months on an integrated outreach plan that tried and tested the limits of all social media tools available to interact with an international public while at sea. The results are spectacular!

Brinkhuis, D.; Peart, L.

2012-12-01

192

Novel porcine repetitive elements  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Repetitive elements comprise ~45% of mammalian genomes and are increasingly known to impact genomic function by contributing to the genomic architecture, by direct regulation of gene expression and by affecting genomic size, diversity and evolution. The ubiquity and increasingly understood importance of repetitive elements contribute to the need to identify and annotate them. We set out to identify previously uncharacterized repetitive DNA in the porcine g...

Nonneman Dan J; Wiedmann Ralph T; Keele John W

2006-01-01

193

Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, education, and gender. The results of the regarding empirical studies may be summarised as such: teenager with low (formal education especially use internet services embracing 'entertainment, play and fun' while higher educated teenagers (also prefer intellectually more demanding and particularly services supplying a greater variety of communicative and informative activities. More generally, pedagogical and sociological studies investigating "digital divide" in a dif-ferentiated and sophisticated way - i.e. not only in terms of differences between those who do have access to the Internet and those who do not - suggest that the internet is no space beyond 'social reality' (e.g. DiMaggio & Hargittai 2001, 2003; Vogelgesang, 2002; Welling, 2003. Different modes of utilisation, that structure the internet as a social space are primarily a specific contextualisation of the latter - and thus, the opportunities and constraints in virtual world of the internet are not less than those in the 'real world' related to unequal distribu-tions of material, social and cultural resources as well as social embeddings of the actors involved. This fact of inequality is also true regarding the outcomes of using the internet. Empirical and theoretical results concerning forms and processes of networking and commu-nity building - i.e. sociability in the internet, as well as the social embeddings of the users which are mediated through the internet - suggest that net based communication and infor-mation processes may entail the resource 'social support'. Thus, with reference to social work and the task of compensating the reproduction of social disadvantages - whether they are medial or not - the ways in which teenagers get access to and utilize net based social sup-port are to be analysed.

2004-05-01

194

Communication Inequalities, Social Determinants, and Intermittent Smoking in the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Intermittent smokers account for a large proportion of all smokers, and this trend is increasing. Social and communication inequalities may account for disparities in intermittent smoking status. Methods: Data for this study came from 2,641 ever-smokers from a 2003 nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Independent variables of interest included race/ethnicity, sex, household income, education, health media attention, and cancer-related beliefs. The outcome of interes...

Ackerson, Leland K.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2009-01-01

195

Communication chimique et régulations sociales dans la colonie d'abeilles (apis mellifera L.)  

OpenAIRE

La colonie d'abeille (Apis mellifera L.) est une société complexe où les individus interagissent entre eux, notamment par le biais de phéromones. L'étude de cette communication chimique est indispensable à la compréhension des régulations sociales mises en place dans la colonie. Chez l'abeille, plus de 50 substances chimiques avec des effets incitateurs ou modificateurs sur la colonie ont été identifiées. Malgré ces découvertes, de nombreux travaux sont à accomplir pour mieux co...

Maisonnasse, Alban

2010-01-01

196

Teaching Social Influence: Resources and Exercises from the Field of Communication  

OpenAIRE

Effective teachers know that when students are engaged in active learning, they learn more, retain it longer, apply it better, and continue to learn (Weimer, 1993). One way to promote such learning is through the use of innovative classroom activities that lead students to understand, interpret, and/or apply information. In that spirit, educators in the field of communication have developed an array of activities and demonstrations for promoting active learning in students of social influence...

Seiter, John S.; Gass, R. H.

2007-01-01

197

Information and Communication Technology in Teacher Education : Thinking and learning in computer?supported social practice  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this thesis is to investigate how new knowledge can be developed in computer-supported social practice. Participants were selected from newly qualified secondary school teachers and student teachers at a higher education institution in Rwanda. The thesis consists of four empirical case studies, the findings of which were analysed from a sociocultural perspective. In the first study, it has been shown that novice teachers are motivated to acquire information and communication techno...

Mukama, Evode

2009-01-01

198

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use.

Meekers Dominique; Van Rossem Ronan

2007-01-01

199

EarthScope's Education, Outreach, and Communications: Using Social Media from Continental to Global Scales  

Science.gov (United States)

Social media has emerged as a popular and effective form of communication among all age groups, with nearly half of Internet users belonging to a social network or using another form of social media on a regular basis. This phenomenon creates an excellent opportunity for earth science organizations to use the wide reach, functionality and informal environment of social media platforms to disseminate important scientific information, create brand recognition, and establish trust with users. Further, social media systems can be utilized for missions of education, outreach, and communicating important timely information (e.g., news agencies are common users). They are eminently scaleable (thus serving from a few to millions of users with no cost and no performance problem), searchable (people are turning to them more frequently as conduits for information), and user friendly (thanks to the massive resources poured into the underlying technology and design, these systems are easy to use and have been widely adopted). They can be used, therefore, to engage the public interactively with the EarthScope facilities, experiments, and discoveries, and continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify scientific advancement. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) is launching an effort to utilize social media to broaden its impact as a conduit between scientists, facilities, educators, and the public. The ESNO will use the opportunities that social media affords to offer high quality science content in a variety of formats that appeal to social media users of various age groups, including blogs (popular with users 18-29), Facebook and Twitter updates (popular with users ages 18-50), email updates (popular with older adults), and video clips (popular with all age groups). We will monitor the number of "fans" and "friends" on social media and networking pages in order to gauge the increase in the percentage of the user population visiting the site. We will also use existing tools available on social media sites to track the relationships between users who visit or "friend" the site to determine how knowledge of the site is transferred amongst various social, educational or geographic groups. Finally, we will use this information to iteratively improve the variety of content and media on the site to increase our user pool, improve EarthScope recognition, and provide appropriate and user-specific Earth science information, especially for time sensitive events of wide interest such as natural disasters.

Bohon, W.; Frus, R.; Arrowsmith, R.; Fouch, M. J.; Garnero, E. J.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W. L.

2011-12-01

200

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso / For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetiv [...] o deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia). Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas. Abstract in english We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behav [...] iour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent, Joule; Françoise, Bernard.

2005-04-01

201

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia. Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas.We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behaviour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent Joule

2005-04-01

202

El videojuego en red social: un nuevo modelo de comunicación / Videojuego in social network: a new model of communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: Los videojuegos en las redes sociales son la combinación de una evolución paralela, por un lado el desarrollo del entretenimiento y las interfaces interactivas y, por otro, la evolución de los nuevos medios de comunicación, con Internet a la cabeza. Pasando por el correo electrónico y desarrollándose en múltiples direcciones, parece que las redes sociales se han convertido en el actual estándar de comunicación social, no solo en entornos grupales, sino de transmisión de información masiva de un modo viral. Una estructura no jerarquizada que ha conseguido atraer a más de 600 millones de usuarios y, con ellos, un enorme negocio. Como otros tantos, el videojuego se adentra en estos sites, un entorno que le es natural en un principio, recogiendo los frutos de los juegos multijugador masivos, pero pronto se enriquece adaptándose al medio y creando nuestras estructuras comunicacionales adecuadas a una nueva y desconocida situación. Como en otras aplicaciones de las TIC en ámbitos educativos, el videojuego puede ser utilizado con estos fines; no sólo con proyectos infantiles ni programas interactivos dedicados a la enseñanza, sino como videojuegos intrínsecamente. Casos como los serious games nos muestran las enormes posibilidades que tienen a distintos niveles. Para el caso de los videojuegos sociales, las opciones pedagógicas multiplican sus posibilidades al acceder a un público masivo con estructuras que, si bien pueden alejarse de los clásicos procedimientos educativos, sí que se fundamentan sobre estas bases ya que permiten una distribución rápida, barata y de acceso sencillo, sin que representen para el usuario una carga, sino un aprendizaje pasivo. Por ello, es importante preguntarse cómo se desarrolla un videojuego social, cuál es su narrativa, cómo se comportan los individuos ante él y, sobre todo, cómo podemos orientarlo hacia nuestros objetivos.Abstract: Videogames in social networks are a combination of a parallel evolution on the one hand the development of entertainment and interactive interfaces, and the evolution of new media, Internet to the head. Via email and develop in many directions, it seems that social networks have become the current standard of social communication, not only in group settings, but mass transmission of a viral way. Anon-hierarchical structure that has attracted more than 600 million users and with them, a huge business. As many others, the game goes into these sites, an environment that is natural at first, reaping the benefits of massively multiplayer games, but quickly adapting to the environment enriches our structures and creating appropriate communication to a new and unfamiliar situation .As in other applications of ICT in educational settings, the game can be used for this purpose, not only interactive children's projects and programs dedicated to teaching, but as games intrinsically. Cases such as serious games show the enormous possibilities that are at different levels. In the case of social gaming, educational options multiply their possibilities to access a massive public structure, although they may move away from traditional educational procedures, it is indeed based on these bases because they allow rapid deployment, cheap and easy access, without posing a burden to the user, but a passive learning. It is therefore important to ask how to develop a social game, what his narrative is, how individuals behave before it and, how we can guide you toward our goals.

Francisco Ignacio Revuelta Domínguez

2012-07-01

203

Training experience in gestures affects the display of social gaze in baboons' communication with a human.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gaze behaviour, notably the alternation of gaze between distal objects and social partners that accompanies primates' gestural communication is considered a standard indicator of intentionality. However, the developmental precursors of gaze behaviour in primates' communication are not well understood. Here, we capitalized on the training in gestures dispensed to olive baboons (Papio anubis) as a way of manipulating individual communicative experience with humans. We aimed to delineate the effects of such a training experience on gaze behaviour displayed by the monkeys in relation with gestural requests. Using a food-requesting paradigm, we compared subjects trained in requesting gestures (i.e. trained subjects) to naïve subjects (i.e. control subjects) for their occurrences of (1) gaze behaviour, (2) requesting gestures and (3) temporal combination of gaze alternation with gestures. We found that training did not affect the frequencies of looking at the human's face, looking at food or alternating gaze. Hence, social gaze behaviour occurs independently from the amount of communicative experience with humans. However, trained baboons-gesturing more than control subjects-exhibited most gaze alternation combined with gestures, whereas control baboons did not. By reinforcing the display of gaze alternation along with gestures, we suggest that training may have served to enhance the communicative function of hand gestures. Finally, this study brings the first quantitative report of monkeys producing requesting gestures without explicit training by humans (controls). These results may open a window on the developmental mechanisms (i.e. incidental learning vs. training) underpinning gestural intentional communication in primates. PMID:25138999

Bourjade, Marie; Canteloup, Charlotte; Meguerditchian, Adrien; Vauclair, Jacques; Gaunet, Florence

2015-01-01

204

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

CERN Document Server

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "informational" use of Facebook is still significant, nonprofit organizations are better at using Facebook to strategically engage their stakeholders via "dialogic" and "community-building" practices than they have been with traditional websites. The adoption of social media seems to have engendered new paradigms of public engagement.

Saxton, Gregory D; Chiu, I-Hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

205

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

OpenAIRE

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "inf...

Saxton, Gregory D.; Guo, Chao; Chiu, I-hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

206

Brief Report: No Association Between Parental Age and Extreme Social-Communicative Autistic Traits in the General Population  

OpenAIRE

This is the first investigation of the relationship between parental age and extreme social-communicative autistic traits in the general population. The parents of 5,246 children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) completed the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC). The association between parental age and SCDC scores was assessed in the full sample and among high scoring individuals (e.g. top 5%, 1%). There was no association between parental age an...

Robinson, Elise B.; Munir, Kerim; Mccormick, Marie C.; Koenen, Karestan C.; Santangelo, Susan L.

2011-01-01

207

Developmental pathways of language and social communication problems in 9-11 year olds: unpicking the heterogeneity.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper addressed relations between language, social communication and behaviour, and their trajectories, in a sample of 9-11-year-olds (n=91) who had been referred to clinical services with concerns about language as pre-schoolers. Children were first assessed at 2½-4 years, and again 18 months later. Results revealed increasing differentiation of profiles across time. By 9-11 years, 11% of the sample had social communication deficits, 27% language impairment, 20% both, and 42% neither. The size of group differences on key language and social communication measures was striking (2-3 standard deviations). Social communication deficits included autistic mannerisms and were associated with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBDs); in contrast, language impairment was associated with hyperactivity only. Children with both language and social communication problems had the most severe difficulties on all measures. These distinct school-age profiles emerged gradually. Investigation of developmental trajectories revealed that the three impaired groups did not differ significantly on language or SEBD measures when the children were first seen. Only low performance on the Early Sociocognitive Battery, a new measure of social responsiveness, joint attention and symbolic understanding, differentiated the children with and without social communication problems at 9-11 years. These findings suggest that some children who first present with language delay or difficulties have undetected Autism Spectrum Disorders which may or may not be accompanied by language impairment in the longer term. This new evidence of developmental trajectories starting in the preschool years throws further light on the nature of social communication and language problems in school-age children, relations between language impairment and SEBDs, and on the nature of early language development. PMID:25005063

Roy, P; Chiat, S

2014-10-01

208

The Social Communication Intervention Project: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Speech and Language Therapy for School-Age Children Who Have Pragmatic and Social Communication Problems with or without Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Children who show disproportionate difficulty with the pragmatic as compared with the structural aspects of language are described as having pragmatic language impairment (PLI) or social communication disorder (SCD). Some children who have PLI also show mild social impairments associated with high-functioning autism or autism spectrum…

Adams, Catherine; Lockton, Elaine; Freed, Jenny; Gaile, Jacqueline; Earl, Gillian; McBean, Kirsty; Nash, Marysia; Green, Jonathan; Vail, Andy; Law, James

2012-01-01

209

Roles of repetitive sequences  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

Bell, G.I.

1991-12-31

210

Roles of repetitive sequences  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

Bell, G.I.

1991-01-01

211

Energy saving, social and government communication; Ahorrro de energia, sociedad y comunicacion gubernamental  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The actions for the energy efficiency and the utilization of renewable energies are multiple and dispersed, in each one of the energy consumption points of the country. For this reason, two important factors to foment these actions are to promote the social participation and the effective government communication towards the society: energy saving and social participation. One of the main faculties of the National Commission of Energy Saving (CONAE) is to foment the efficiency in the energy use, through actions coordinated with the different agencies and organizations of the Federal Public Administration, with the governments of the federal entities and the municipalities and, through coordinated operations, with the private and social sectors. The CONAE has established mechanisms of coordination and cooperation with the private and social sectors, having fomented programs, projects and actions whose purpose is the energy efficiency, outstanding: 1) Committees and work groups; 2) Cooperation Agreements; 3) the Advisory Council for the Foment of Renewable Energy. [Spanish] Las acciones para la eficiencia energetica y el aprovechamiento de las energias renovables son multiples y dispersas, en cada uno de los puntos de consumo de energia del pais. Por ello, dos factores importantes para fomentar estas acciones son promover la participacion social y la comunicacion gubernamental eficaz hacia la sociedad: Ahorro de energia y participacion social. Una de las principales facultades de la Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia es fomentar la eficiencia en el uso de energia, a traves de acciones coordinadas con las diversas dependencias y entidades de la Administracion Publica Federal, con los gobiernos de las entidades federativas y de los municipios y, a traves de acciones concertadas, con los sectores social y privado. La CONAE ha establecido mecanismos de coordinacion y de cooperacion con los sectores privado y social, fomentando programas, proyectos y acciones cuyo proposito es la eficiencia energetica, destacado: 1) Comites y grupos de trabajo; 2) Convenios de Cooperacion; 3) el Consejo Consultivo de Fomento de la Energia Renovables.

Morales Camarena, Francisco [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2001-07-01

212

Integration of social aspects in radiation protection. The AIRP Work group on communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation protection has never been confined just to its scientific and quantitative aspects as it also incorporates a real and proper social factor. In most developed countries, considerations on the social and ethical issues of radiation protection and discussions on the approaches to stakeholder involvement are in a state of positive turmoil. Scientific and practical experts are identifying and promoting dialogue procedures, embracing ethical and social aspects, and are moving together to add to their experience in new and improved practices for the decision-making process. In early 2006, the Italian Radiation Protection Association (AIRP) set up a workgroup for the purpose of: 1-) Promoting dialogue among RP experts, experts in other disciplines, national and local authorities and the public, in relation to social awareness issues in the fields of ionising and non-ionising radiation protection; 2-) Promoting reflection on the mutual interactions between radiation protection and society; 3-) Contributing to the development and diffusion in the RP community of the culture of stakeholder engagement in the decision-making process. Aiming at promoting continual dialogue between the radiation protection community and society, an initial meeting was held in June 2006 on the fundamentals and objectives of RP communication, by focusing on issues such as: the credibility of information sources, the role of the mass media and institutions in risk communication. A workshop was held in November 2006 on the social aspects of radiation protection: experts in scientific journalism, sociology and medical physics, representatives of consumer associations, participants in a Government task commission, local authorities and representatives of the leading local and national institutions involved in RP, were given the opportunity of communicating and discussing the main socially-sensitive aspects of RP. The work of the AIRP group continued in 2007 with two events related on the ethical, social and legal aspects of radioactive waste management. In 2008, we intend to support the growth of RP culture in society by organizing an event concerning the various aspects of radiation protection education and information for non professionals. To invite suggestions and obtain new points of view, the group has opened a website and prepared a basic questionnaire. The AIRP workgroup is constantly creating the conditions and opportunities for extending knowledge about radiation protection and involving society as a whole in extensive debate concerning risk management. (author)

213

A Pilot Study of the Effects of a Social-Pragmatic Intervention on the Communication and Symbolic Play of Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

The acquisition of social communication skills is a major challenge faced by children with autism. This pilot study investigated the effects of the Stronger Families Project, a social-pragmatic intervention, on the communication and symbolic abilities of 16 children aged 2-4 years with autism. Standardized measures of the child's communication and…

Keen, Deb; Rodger, Sylvia; Doussin, Kim; Braithwaite, Michelle

2007-01-01

214

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

OpenAIRE

The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tool...

Jason P Abbott University Of Louisville, Kentucky

2012-01-01

215

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

OpenAIRE

The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tool...

Abbott, Jason P.

2011-01-01

216

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were tested using structural equation modeling via AMOS.The empirical findings indicate that social media-focused information & communication technologies positivelyaffect the business performance via the mediation of marketing-based outputs and costs.

Fatih Gecti

2013-03-01

217

Social Communication and Vocal Recognition in Free-Ranging Rhesus Monkeys  

Science.gov (United States)

Kinship and individual identity are key determinants of primate sociality, and the capacity for vocal recognition of individuals and kin is hypothesized to be an important adaptation facilitating intra-group social communication. Research was conducted on adult female rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico to test this hypothesis for three acoustically distinct calls characterized by varying selective pressures on communicating identity: coos (contact calls), grunts (close range social calls), and noisy screams (agonistic recruitment calls). Vocalization playback experiments confirmed a capacity for both individual and kin recognition of coos, but not screams (grunts were not tested). Acoustic analyses, using traditional spectrographic methods as well as linear predictive coding techniques, indicated that coos (but not grunts or screams) were highly distinctive, and that the effects of vocal tract filtering--formants --contributed more to statistical discriminations of both individuals and kin groups than did temporal or laryngeal source features. Formants were identified from very short (23 ms.) segments of coos and were stable within calls, indicating that formant cues to individual and kin identity were available throughout a call. This aspect of formant cues is predicted to be an especially important design feature for signaling identity efficiently in complex acoustic environments. Results of playback experiments involving manipulated coo stimuli provided preliminary perceptual support for the statistical inference that formant cues take precedence in facilitating vocal recognition. The similarity of formants among female kin suggested a mechanism for the development of matrilineal vocal signatures from the genetic and environmental determinants of vocal tract morphology shared among relatives. The fact that screams --calls strongly expected to communicate identity--were not individually distinctive nor recognized suggested the possibility that their acoustic structure and role in signaling identity might be constrained by functional or morphological design requirements associated with their role in signaling submission.

Rendall, Christopher Andrew

218

A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insights of interactive media designers and artists to overcome these challenges. The two processes resulted in 86 new interactive media concepts which were selected by the participants and organizers using set criteria and then evaluated using the same criteria by a panel of communication and media design experts and a panel of complex systems scientists using the same criteria. The top eight concepts are discussed in this paper. These concepts fell into the categories of serious games, group interaction concepts, and social media storytelling. The serious games focused directly on complex systems characteristics and were evaluated to be intuitive and engaging designs that combined transparency and complexity well. The group interaction concepts focused mostly on feedbacks and nonlinearity but were fully developed and tested in the workshops, and evaluated as engaging, accessible, and easy to implement in workshops and educational settings. The social media storytelling concepts involved less direct interactions with system dynamics but were seen as highly accessible to large scale audiences. The results of this study show the potential of interdisciplinary collaboration between complex systems scientists, designers, and artists. The results and process discussed in this paper show the value of more structural engagement of interactive media designers and artist communities in the development of communication tools about human and natural systems change.

Joost M. Vervoort

2014-09-01

219

Social Communication and Theory of Mind in Boys with Autism and Fragile X Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Impairments in the social use of language, or pragmatics, constitute a core characteristic of autism. Problems with pragmatic language have also been documented in fragile X syndrome, a monogenic condition that is the most common known genetic cause of autism. Evidence suggests that social cognitive ability, or theory of mind, may also be impaired in both conditions, and in autism, may importantly relate to pragmatic language ability. Given the substantial overlap observed in autism and FXS, this study aimed to better define those social-communicative phenotypes that overlap in these two conditions by comparing pragmatic language ability and theory of mind in children with idiopathic autism and children with FXS, with and without autism, as well as children with Down syndrome and typically developing controls. We further examined correlations between these cognitive-behavioral phenotypes and molecular genetic variation related to FMR1 in the FXS group. Results indicated that children with idiopathic autism and those with FXS and autism performed comparably on direct-assessment measures of pragmatic language and theory of mind, whereas those with FXS only did not differ from controls. Theory of mind was related to pragmatic language ability in all groups. Pragmatic language and theory of mind also correlated with genetic variation at the FMR1 locus (CGG repeats and percent methylation. These results point towards substantial overlap in the social and language phenotypes in autism and FXS and suggest a molecular genetic basis to these phenotypic profiles.

MollyLosh

2012-08-01

220

Communication of emergency public warnings: A social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

More than 200 studies of warning systems and warning response were reviewed for this social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment of communication of emergency public warnings. The major findings are as follows. First, variations in the nature and content of warnings have a large impact on whether or not the public heeds the warning. Relevant factors include the warning source; warning channel; the consistency, credibility, accuracy, and understandability of the message; and the warning frequency. Second, characteristics of the population receiving the warning affect warning response. These include social characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age, social setting characteristics such as stage of life or family context, psychological characteristics such as fatalism or risk perception, and knowledge characteristics such as experience or training. Third, many current myths about public response to emergency warning are at odds with knowledge derived from field investigations. Some of these myths include the keep it simple'' notion, the cry wolf'' syndrome, public panic and hysteria, and those concerning public willingness to respond to warnings. Finally, different methods of warning the public are not equally effective at providing an alert and notification in different physical and social settings. Most systems can provide a warning given three or more hours of available warning time. Special systems such as tone-alert radios are needed to provide rapid warning. 235 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Mileti, D.S. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (USA)); Sorensen, J.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-08-01

221

Communicology and communications engineering of the body and and sport. Setting a new intersubjectivity of social life  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The text is set in four parts. First. Subjectivity and body. Draft and social life of the body. Cultural conceptual history of the body and sport. Cultural historical elements are presented on subjective social projects of the body. II. Physical Education and body. The social project institutional union of body and sport. We present some elements of subjective social history of the project for Physical Education. Third. The Communicology, engineering communications specialists, body and sport. The movement toward a new intersubjectivity of social life. We present a reading on Physical Education, Sport and the body from the Communicology. It proposes a program of work on physical equations, sport and the body as exemplary case, from the Engineering communications specialists with emphasis on the figure of intersubjectivity on the subjectivity of the body. Fourth. Selected bibliografhy to complement the information

Jesús Galindo Cáceres

2008-11-01

222

Communication, Interventions, and Scientific Advances in Autism: A Commentary  

OpenAIRE

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect approximately 1 in 150 children across the U.S., and are characterized by abnormal social actions, language difficulties, repetitive or restrictive behaviors, and special interests. ASD include autism (autistic disorder), Asperger syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS or atypical autism). High-functioning individuals may communicate with moderate-to-high language skills, although difficulties in social skills may...

Llaneza, Danielle C.; Deluke, Susan V.; Batista, Myra; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Christodulu, Kristin V.; Frye, Cheryl A.

2010-01-01

223

Passive, Noiseless, Intensity Amplification of Repetitive Signals  

CERN Document Server

Amplification of signal intensity is essential for initiating physical processes, diagnostics, sensing, communications, and scientific measurement. During traditional amplification, the signal is amplified by multiplying the signal carriers through an active gain process using an external power source. However, for repetitive waveforms, sufficient energy for amplification often resides in the signal itself. In such cases, the unneeded external power is wasted, and the signal is additionally degraded by noise and distortions that accompany active gain processes. We show noiseless, intensity amplification of repetitive optical pulse waveforms with a gain from 2 to ~20 without using active gain, by recycling energy already stored in the input repetitive signal. This "green" method uses dispersion-induced self-imaging (Talbot) effects to precisely re-distribute the original signal energy into fewer replica waveforms. This approach simply requires a suitable manipulation of the input signal's phase profile along t...

Maram, R; Li, M; Azaña, J

2014-01-01

224

Social processes in communication and cognition in callitrichid monkeys: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies of vocal development in nonhuman primates have found little evidence for plasticity in vocal production, somewhat more for usage of calls, with the greatest plasticity arising in response to calls of others. Generally, similar results were obtained with callitrichid monkeys, the marmosets and tamarins, but with several interesting exceptions. Infant pygmy marmosets show babbling behavior with improvement in adult call structure related to the amount and diversity of babbling. Adult marmosets alter call structure in response to changes in social partners, and wild marmosets have vocal dialects and modify call structure according to how far they are from other group members, suggesting the potential to modify call structure in different social and environmental contexts, though direct learning of novel vocalizations has not been observed. Infant cotton-top tamarins do not produce adult-like calls in appropriate contexts, at least in the first few months of life, but through food sharing from adults infants learn about appropriate foods and the appropriate contexts for food vocalizations. Tamarins modify call structure and usage with changes in social status. Tamarins, unlike other monkeys tested, can learn to avoid noxious foods through observation of other group members, and can learn about novel food locations. Recent studies provide evidence of contextual imitation in marmosets. The plasticity in vocal communication and evidence of social learning in marmosets and tamarins relative to other monkeys may be related to the cooperative breeding system of marmosets and tamarins. With a high degree of behavioral coordination among group members, there is a priority on monitoring signals and behavior of others and adjusting one's own signals and behavior. This creates the context for vocal plasticity and social learning. PMID:24777515

Snowdon, C T

2001-11-01

225

Social media and mobile communications adoption patterns of South African civil society organisations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The resurgence of civil society has largely been attributed to the sector’s ability to exploit new interactive technologies and its ability to adapt its communication and mobilisation strategies. Objectives: This study focuses on how South African civil society organisations (CSOs deploy Web 2.0 services and technologies for social advocacy and the context of this technology use. Whilst the literature points to many studies relating to the use of the Internet for advocacy, it also suggests that the role and impact of emerging technologies have not been studied in any detail in CSOs. Such studies have the potential to provide new perspectives to current theoretical frameworks and also to add to the discourse around the use of emerging technologies for advocacy. Method: A survey of South African CSOs explored the level of knowledge of social media services and revealed which services in particular were being adopted. Results: The key findings that emerged were that the sector has a low level of knowledge of social media services and an accompanying low level of adoption. These are partly explained by factors such as macro-economic policies and low levels of Internet penetration and ICT readiness. Conclusion: Further research to determine why certain social media services have been embraced more willingly than others and an analysis of the patterns of adoption to determine any underlying significance or relationships is necessary. An analysis of how CSOs build their advocacy capabilities by appropriating social media and how they thus provide alternate discourses and agendas would be instructive.

Kiru Pillay

2014-08-01

226

Conselho de comunicação social: uma válvula para o diálogo ou para o silêncio? / Conseil de communication sociale: une alternative pour le dialogue ou pour le silence? / Council of social communication: a valve toward dialogue or toward silence?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho analisa o Conselho de Comunicação Social, sua importância e sua trajetória, procurando explicar por que tal Conselho,regulamentado em 1991, só foi efetivamente implantado 14 anos depois. Após um curto período de funcionamento, não houve a renovação da gestão e, desde dezembro de 2006, [...] ele está ocioso. No entanto, a necessidade de funcionamento do Conselho é apontada por diversos setores, ainda que com mudanças em seu caráter e representação. Abstract in english This work analyzes the Council of Social Communication, its importance and its trajectory, trying to explain why the Council ruled in 1991, was implanted only 14 years later. After a short period of functioning, there was not a renewal of the management and, since December 2002, it has been idle. Ne [...] vertheless, the necessity of the Council management is pointed out by various sectors, though with changes in its character and representation.

Anita, Simis.

2010-02-01

227

An SCA-based Approach for Social and Pervasive Communications in Home Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In home environments, the customization of applications according to inhabitant's information requires the integration of heterogenous event sources and services. To do that, the events have to be collected and processed, and the volatile services identified and used. The information collection and service access have to be done considering the identity of users in order to avoid unexpected behaviors in the customized applications or unauthorized accesses. However, although the event flow, service mobility and user identity are key issues in the customization of applications, existing solutions fail to deal with them in a simple and flexible way. Therefore, in this paper we propose to face these issues by combining the SCA (Service Component Architecture standard, micro-blogging services and discovery technologies. In particular, we benefit from the SCA extensibility to introduce support for social communications enabling asynchronous event exchange (via Twitter, and for pervasive communications to deal with mobility (by means of standard discovery protocols such as UPnP. Furthermore, we exploit the intents from SCA in order to allow user identification in home environments. We bring the new communications and user identity support into the FraSCAti, a platform for SCA applications. We illustrate our work with a smart home scenario requiring the integration of heterogeneous technologies.

R. Rouvoy

2011-01-01

228

A South African university-practitioner partnership to strengthen capacity in social and behaviour change communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Globally, communication plays an integral role in public health strategies, from infectious diseases to diseases related to lifestyles. The evolution of the field of social and behaviour change communication (SBCC, combined with the need for evidence based practice and multi-level interventions to promote health, and human resource gaps in sub-Saharan Africa have led to the imperative to standardise and formalise the field. Moreover, current practitioners come from different disciplinary backgrounds underlining the need to define common core skills and competencies. This paper describes the partnership between the Wits School of Public Health and the Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication and how the partners responded to this need. It highlights the factors influencing sustainable institutional capacity to provide quality assured, accredited training. We describe an unexpected positive response from a number of practitioner organisations that have chosen to send multiple staff members for training, specifically to build a critical mass within their organisations. Finally, we note the interest from (mostly southern-based academic institutions in setting up similar programmes and postulate that south–south collaborations can contribute to building sustainable context specific and evidence-informed SBCC programmes in the global south.

Nicola J. Christofides

2013-01-01

229

Three experimental approaches to measure the social context dependence of prejudice communication and discriminatory behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical research on discrimination is faced with crucial problems stemming from the specific character of its object of study. In democratic societies the communication of prejudices and other forms of discriminatory behavior is considered socially undesirable and depends on situational factors such as whether a situation is considered private or whether a discriminatory consensus can be assumed. Regular surveys thus can only offer a blurred picture of the phenomenon. But also survey experiments intended to decrease the social desirability bias (SDB) so far failed in systematically implementing situational variables. This paper introduces three experimental approaches to improve the study of discrimination and other topics of social (un-)desirability. First, we argue in favor of cognitive context framing in surveys in order to operationalize the salience of situational norms. Second, factorial surveys offer a way to take situational contexts and substitute behavior into account. And third, choice experiments - a rather new method in sociology - offer a more valid method of measuring behavioral characteristics compared to simple items in surveys. All three approaches - which may be combined - are easy to implement in large-scale surveys. Results of empirical studies demonstrate the fruitfulness of each of these approaches. PMID:25432623

Beyer, Heiko; Liebe, Ulf

2015-01-01

230

Correlatos entre o perfil comunicativo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico Correlates between communicative profile and social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar se há correlações significativas entre os dados referentes ao perfil funcional da comunicação e os dados da adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtidos por meio de entrevistas individuais com os pais e as terapeutas de crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: foram sujeitos deste estudo 48 crianças, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico com os quais foram coletados os dados para a determinação do perfil funcional da comunicação por meio de situação lúdica, buscando a espontaneidade comunicativa. Participaram ainda, os responsáveis, legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, das 48 crianças, ou seja, 46 mães e dois pais e 15 terapeutas, respondendo individualmente a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças citadas. RESULTADOS: pode-se observar que os resultados referentes à adaptação sócio-comunicativa obtida a partir de entrevistas com terapeutas e pais apresentaram correlações significativas com o perfil funcional da comunicação. De forma geral, o estudo das correlações entre os aspectos do perfil comunicativo e da adaptação sócio-comunicativa não apresentou um grande número de correlações, sendo este número ainda menor quando os pais foram os informantes, demonstrando a interdependência das áreas estudas. CONCLUSÃO: uma das maiores evidências deste trabalho é que mesmo que as crianças do espectro autístico apresentem um desenvolvimento deficitário das habilidades de linguagem, cognição e socialização, ainda assim elas são capazes de extrair pistas lingüísticas e não-lingüísticas do meio comunicativo, e utilizá-las de forma contextual em sua vida social, associando-as com os ganhos na linguagem e no desempenho sócio-cognitivo.PURPOSE: to check if there are any significant correlations among the data on the functional communicative profile and social-communicative adaptation obtained in individual interviews with parents and therapists of children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD. METHODS: subjects were: 48 children with psychiatric diagnosis within the autistic spectrum whose functional communicative profile was obtained in play sessions with a language therapist; 48 parents (46 mothers and 2 fathers and 15 language therapists that answered individually to questionnaires about the children's social performance. RESULTS: it could be observed that the results referring to the social communicative adaptation obtained with the therapists and parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders showed significant correlations with the functional communicative profile. Data on social communicative performance provided by the therapists showed more significant correlations with the functional communicative profile than those obtained with the parents. The number of correlations was generically smaller when the parents provided data on social communicative performance. CONCLUSION: one of the most important results of this study is the evidence that even though ASD children present important deficits in language development, cognition and social abilities, they can be able to extract linguistic and non-linguistic clues from the communicative environment and use them in their social live along with linguistic and social-cognitive improvements.

Priscilla Faria Sousa-Morato

2009-01-01

231

External communication of corporate social responsibility initiatives in the case of the Deloitte Finland CoRe Champion Peru project  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this thesis project was to examine the external communication of an international professional services firm, Deloitte, with regard to their on-going corporate social responsibility (CSR) project. A secondary objective of the study was to identify areas in need of improvement and to make further recommendations in order to enhance the overall effectiveness of the project communication. To be able to form a comprehensive opinion of the strengths and weaknesses of the curr...

Lamberg, Noora

2012-01-01

232

Writing consumer identities through the iPod : The Good Guide application's role in communicating knowledge about Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

How do web 2.0 and mobile technologies affect the available means for interaction between consumers and corporations? What are the implications for communicating corporate social responsibility? Gee (1996:6) states that “When we write or read, speak or listen, we coordinate and are coordinated by specific identities, specific ways of using language, various objects, tools, technologies, sites and institutions, as well as other people’s minds and bodies.” Using Gee’s focus on the connection between language use, technology and context as part of identities in interaction, this paper explores the potential and implications of mobile technologies for the communication of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The Good Guide iPod application is a mini third party database of product rankings in terms of social responsibility towards consumer health, environmental impact and social effects of production. It offers a space for examining the potential impacts of a technology mediated interaction between consumers and corporations.

Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

233

SRP meeting: social and political implications of communicating radiation risk, Daresbury, Warrington, 20 June 2001  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SRP held a very interesting meeting in June at the Daresbury Laboratory in Warrington on the social and political implications of communicating radiation risk. In today's risk-aware society, effective communication is just as important as the control measures introduced to prevent or restrict exposure. In relation to radiation protection, risk communicators had a hard job because of: Public dread Likelihood of risk intensification Perceived inequitable distribution of risks. The higher the uncertainty, the more wary people were likely to be. Julie cited the International Nuclear Events Scale (INES) as a possible tool for promoting a consistent message across all publics. This was because it aimed to put events into proper perspective and provide a common understanding amongst the nuclear community, the media and the public. Julie summed up by saying that the risk communication was not just any form of communication and the issue of communicating radiation risks involved special consideration. Further research established that the more information given to the local population, the more likely that they would deny that there was a problem. Denial could moderate beliefs or emotional reactions to a situation. This then affected their dose as they were more likely to adopt risky behaviour by eating contaminated food and entering contaminated areas. Avoiding the need to undertake safe behaviour reduced stress levels. Furthermore, people adopted beliefs to suit their sie, people adopted beliefs to suit their situation. For example, some inhabitants of the affected areas became adapted to the radiation and actually felt worse outside the contaminated area. There was strong pressure for the maintenance of a situation which actually prevented appropriate precautions being taken. Peter concluded that there was often confusion over the details of technical information that sometimes might not help to prevent a course of action being taken. However on a positive note the research did find credence and positive regard given to peer-provided information. In addition, the information on good practice developed by local focus groups in the area was actually used to limit personal dose. The conclusion was that key information should concentrate on what people needed to know in order to deal with everyday life. My personal conclusion for the day was that it could take time to set in motion partnerships for the future, but that should not stop us from laying down foundations on which to develop stakeholder dialogue for radiation protection. The future of radiation protection is likely to continue to evolve and we need to engage in active debate to help to secure a sustainable decision-making process

234

Winning Facebook - and the Rest of the World? : How and when do candidate communication on social media make a difference?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article presents a study of nine leading candidates’ communication on Facebook during the parliament election campaign in Denmark in fall 2011. It relates their communication to the historical use of social media in Denmark by politicians, to Danish candidate campaign communication in general and to survey data about media use during the election campaign. Analysis of the content of 612 status updates and their likes and comments reveal that the most popular content are content which center on politics, not election campaign activities or private life. Media references are used extensively. We conclude that certain types of content may win Facebook, but the election itself is still largely won through TV.

Hoff, Jens Villiam; Hansen, Kasper MØller

2014-01-01

235

Social Communication Competence and Functional Adaptation in a General Population of Children: Preliminary Evidence for Sex-by-Verbal IQ Differential Risk  

Science.gov (United States)

Results from a Social and Communication Disorders Checklist finds that the scores were continuously distributed in the general population and that boys had mean scores 30 percent higher than girls. Above-average verbal IQ appears to protect female subjects from social communication impairments but not in male subjects. Participants to the study…

Skuse, David H.; Mandy, William D.; Steer, Colin; Miller, Laura L.; Lawrence, Kate; Amond, Alan; Golding, Jean

2009-01-01

236

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents :  A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Results showed that the consumption of relatively unhealthy food was common among respondents. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. There were some gender and age differences in the liking and perceived effectiveness of five advertising appeals. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

2011-01-01

237

Novel porcine repetitive elements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Repetitive elements comprise ~45% of mammalian genomes and are increasingly known to impact genomic function by contributing to the genomic architecture, by direct regulation of gene expression and by affecting genomic size, diversity and evolution. The ubiquity and increasingly understood importance of repetitive elements contribute to the need to identify and annotate them. We set out to identify previously uncharacterized repetitive DNA in the porcine genome. Once found, we characterized the prevalence of these repeats in other mammals. Results We discovered 27 repetitive elements in 220 BACs covering 1% of the porcine genome (Comparative Vertebrate Sequencing Initiative; CVSI. These repeats varied in length from 55 to 1059 nucleotides. To estimate copy numbers, we went to an independent source of data, the BAC-end sequences (Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, covering approximately 15% of the porcine genome. Copy numbers in BAC-ends were less than one hundred for 6 repeat elements, between 100 and 1000 for 16 and between 1,000 and 10,000 for 5. Several of the repeat elements were found in the bovine genome and we have identified two with orthologous sites, indicating that these elements were present in their common ancestor. None of the repeat elements were found in primate, rodent or dog genomes. We were unable to identify any of the replication machinery common to active transposable elements in these newly identified repeats. Conclusion The presence of both orthologous and non-orthologous sites indicates that some sites existed prior to speciation and some were generated later. The identification of low to moderate copy number repetitive DNA that is specific to artiodactyls will be critical in the assembly of livestock genomes and studies of comparative genomics.

Nonneman Dan J

2006-12-01

238

Ant pupae employ acoustics to communicate social status in their colony's hierarchy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The possession of an efficient communication system and an ability to distinguish between young stages are essential attributes that enable eusocial insects to live in complex integrated societies. Although ants communicate primarily via chemicals, it is increasingly clear that acoustical signals also convey important information, including status, between adults in many species. However, all immature stages were believed to be mute. We confirm that larvae and recently formed pupae of Myrmica ants are mute, yet once they are sclerotized, the pupae possess a fully functioning stridulatory organ. The sounds generated by worker pupae were similar to those of workers but were emitted as single pulses rather than in the long sequences characteristic of adults; both induced the same range and intensity of benevolent behaviors when played back to unstressed workers. Both white and sclerotized pupae have a higher social status than larvae within Myrmica colonies, but the latter's status fell significantly after they were made mute. Our results suggest that acoustical signals supplant semiochemicals as a means of identification in sclerotized pupae, perhaps because their hardened integuments block the secretion of brood pheromones or because their developing adult secretions initially differ from overall colony odors. PMID:23394832

Casacci, Luca P; Thomas, Jeremy A; Sala, Marco; Treanor, David; Bonelli, Simona; Balletto, Emilio; Schönrogge, Karsten

2013-02-18

239

The evolution of self-organizing communication networks in high-risk social-ecological systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently published research shows that members of regional communication networks form links based on how risky their exchanges with others may be: low-risk situations favor the creation of bridging structures that solve coordination problems, whereas high-risk situations lead to the establishment of bonding structures that make detection and punishment of defection more likely. This basic expectation has been tested in low-risk regional arenas, where indeed more bridging structures formed in time (Berardo and Scholz 2010. However, no empirical evidence on the formation of networks has been produced yet in high-risk social-ecological systems (HRSES. In this article, I study the network of communication among stakeholders in a small river basin in Argentina that has been subject to high levels of environmental stress over the last decades and empirically test whether more bonding structures tend to form in this high-risk SE system. Findings show that actors in the network have a tendency to create more triadic bonding structures, as expected. However, complementary results offer a more nuanced picture of how networks look like in highly-risky regional settings and caution against an overly optimistic view linking bonding in networks to the solution of collective action problems of a regional scale. 

Ramiro Berardo

2014-03-01

240

"Bill Is Now Singing": Joint Engagement and the Emergence of Social Communication of Three Young Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Young children with autism spectrum disorder meet significant challenges in joint attention skills and in social communication. A child-centered, improvisational, music therapy intervention model was implemented to promote engagement in three young children with autism in a kindergarten classroom. A multiple baseline design compared the…

Vaiouli, Potheini; Grimmet, Kharon; Ruich, Lawrence J.

2015-01-01

241

Positive Effects of Methylphenidate on Social Communication and Self-Regulation in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Hyperactivity  

Science.gov (United States)

This report examined the effect of methylphenidate on social communication and self-regulation in children with pervasive developmental disorders and hyperactivity in a secondary analysis of RUPP Autism Network data. Participants were 33 children (29 boys) between the ages of 5 and 13 years who participated in a four-week crossover trial of…

Jahromi, Laudan B.; Kasari, Connie L.; McCracken, James T.; Lee, Lisa S-Y.; Aman, Michael G.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scahill, Lawrence; Tierney, Elaine; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Ritz, Louise; Witwer, Andrea; Kustan, Erin; Ghuman, Jaswinder; Posey, David J.

2009-01-01

242

The behaviour of young children with social communication disorders during dyadic interaction with peers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with social communication disorders are known to experience more problematic peer relations than typically-developing children. However, detailed observation of their behaviour and communication during interaction with peers has not previously been undertaken. Micro-analytic observational methods were used to analyse the audio-taped interaction of children (N?=?112) selected from mainstream schools (ages 5-6 years-old) on a computerised dyadic collaborative task. Comparisons were made between children with average-to-high- and low-pragmatic language skill as measured by the Test of Pragmatic Skills. Dyads were composed of an average-to-high-skilled child plus a low-skilled child (32 dyads), or of two average-to-high-skilled children (24 dyads). Consistently with their pragmatic language scores, low-skilled children were more likely to ignore other children's questions and requests than were average-to-high-skilled children. When average-to-high-skilled children worked with low-skilled children, as opposed to with other average-to-high-skilled children, they showed some sensitivity and adaptation to these children's difficulties; they used significantly more directives, clarification and provided more information. However, there was a cost in terms of the emotional tone of these interactions; when working with low-skilled children, the average-to-high-skilled children expressed considerably more negative feelings towards their partners than with another average-to-high-skilled child. In conclusion, observation of the interaction of average-to-high- and low-skilled children suggests promise for peer-assisted interventions and specifies which communicative behaviours could be targeted. However, care should be taken to manage the affective climate of these interactions for the benefit of all children involved. PMID:23794095

Murphy, Suzanne M; Faulkner, Dorothy M; Farley, Laura R

2014-02-01

243

Comunicação para mudança social: projeto Canal*Motoboy / Communications for social change: project Canal*Motoboy / Comunicación para el cambio social: proyecto Canal*Motoboy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Na atualidade, a mídia de referência enfrenta a propagação dos meios alternativos dirigidos à democratização das informações geradas por cidadãos comuns. O Canal*Motoboy constitui exemplo desta modalidade de comunicação. Sua proposta é consolidar uma estrutura aberta para dar voz ao coletivo de moto [...] boys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Devidamente treinados e recorrendo ao celular multimídia, registram seu dia a dia no website Canal*Motoboy. Este artigo analisa o projeto, a partir da concepção da comunicação para mudança social, uma vez que o direito à liberdade de expressão, historicamente, tem sido expropriado dos cidadãos por conta da expansão vertiginosa dos conglomerados comunicacionais. Além da revisão de literatura, o objeto de estudo segue perspectiva qualitativa mediante uso das técnicas de observação e de entrevista em profundidade para obtenção de informações complementares junto aos atores do coletivo. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación de referencia se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones, generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar [...] una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado de los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo. Abstract in english Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by "common citizens". The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Cata [...] lan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys¹ from São Paulo (SP), Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Maria das Graças, Targino; Alisson Dias, Gomes.

2011-12-01

244

Social Robotic Experience and Media Communication Practices: An Exploration on the Emotional and Ritualized Human-technology-relations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article approaches the subject of social robots by focusing on the emotional relations people establish with media and information and communication technology (ICTs in their everyday life. It examines human-technology-relation from a social studies point of view, seeking to raise questions that enable us to make a connection between the research on human relationships and the topic of human-technology relation, especially human-humanoid-relation. In order to explore the human-technology-relations, theoretical ideas of a mediatization of communication and of a ritual interaction order are applied. Ritual theory is particularly used to enable a focus on emotion as a significant dimension in analyzing social technologies. This explorative article refers to empirical findings regarding media communication practices in close relationships. It argues that following the developed approach regarding mediatized and ritualized relational practices, useful insights for a conceptualization of the human-social robot relation can be achieved. The article concludes with remarks regarding the challenge of an empirical approach to human-social robot-relations.

Christine Linke

2013-01-01

245

To act before you react : A case study of agencies, companies and non-profit organizations proactive crisis communications work in social media  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to compare social media's role in the proactive crisis communication planning in two administrations, two companies and two non-profit organizations. A qualitative comparative study method has been used and people familiar with social media and crisis communications work from each business has been interviewed. The interviews have been transcribed and analyzed to discover the opinions and reasoning about how businesses work with proactive crisis communication and ...

Johansson, Frida

2013-01-01

246

Parents' Adoption of Social Communication Intervention Strategies: Families Including Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who are Minimally Verbal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Notably absent from the intervention literature are parent training programs targeting school-aged children with autism who have limited communication skills (Tager-Flusberg and Kasari in Autism Res 6:468-478, 2013). Sixty-one children with autism age 5-8 with minimal spontaneous communication received a 6-month social communication intervention including parent training. Parent-child play interactions were coded for parents' strategy implementation and children's time jointly engaged (Adamson et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 39:84-96, 2009). Parents mastered an average of 70 % of the strategies. Further analyses indicated some gains in implementation occurred from mere observation of sessions, while the greatest gains occurred in the first month of active coaching and workshops. Children's joint engagement was associated with parents' implementation success across time demonstrating parents' implementation was relevant to children's social engagement. PMID:25475363

Shire, Stephanie Y; Goods, Kelly; Shih, Wendy; Distefano, Charlotte; Kaiser, Ann; Wright, Courtney; Mathy, Pamela; Landa, Rebecca; Kasari, Connie

2014-12-01

247

The social construction of communication climate: An analysis of at-risk students in alternative high school  

Science.gov (United States)

Alternative high schools affect more potential high school dropouts than any other school or program and are designed to meet the needs of students who have had difficulty in conventional schools. This study examines the communication climate and constructions of caring in an alternative school for at-risk students by using a qualitative analysis grounded in the theoretical perspective of social constructionism. Observations and interviews were conducted over a six month time period. The first two chapters provide a review of literature and a detailed account of the methods used to conduct the study. Chapter Three describes the socially constructed nature of the school and the participants and the dialectical tensions of communication climate revealed from the analysis. The six dialectical tensions of communication climate are: (1) freedom/restraint, (2) disengagement/engagement, (3) personal communication/impersonal communication, (4) disconfirmation/confirmation, (5) equality/inequality, and (6) ambiguity/clarity. Although the school climate is comprised of each of these tensions, the data suggest that the interaction within the majority of classes created some common characteristics of the general communication climate at the school and can be characterized as one of freedom, disengagement, personal communication, disconfirmation, equality, and ambiguity. Chapter Four describes how caring was constructed and communicated. Although some students perceived some teachers as caring about students and about student learning, half of the students interviewed thought they were not learning or not learning much. Finally, Chapter Five provides a summary of the findings and a discussion of the results. The results of this study contribute to an understanding of the social construction of communication climate and caring in general, and within an alternative school for at-risk students, in specific. The results contribute to the understanding of the complexity of the jointly produced nature of communication climate and reveal the potential effect of communication climate and constructions of caring on teachers' instructional methods, teacher and student interaction, and student learning. Such information can aid pragmatically in the development or modification of programs designed to serve at-risk students, and theoretically in the understanding of the co-constructed nature of communication climate.

Souza, Tasha Jean

1998-12-01

248

Communication-oriented person-organization fit as a key factor of job-seeking behaviors: millennials' social media use and attitudes toward organizational social media policies.  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this study was to assess how the millennial generation perceives companies that have different social media policies and how such perception influences key variables for job-seeking behaviors, including perceived person-organization fit (POF), organizational attraction, and job pursuit intention. Results from a univariate general linear model and path analysis supported all of the established hypotheses. In particular, the results revealed that millennials perceived higher POF for a company with organizational policies supporting employees' social media use. Further, organizational attractiveness significantly mediated the relationship between communication-oriented POF and job pursuit intention. PMID:23848961

Cho, Jaehee; Park, Dong Jin; Ordonez, Zoa

2013-11-01

249

Gender differences in the relation between social support, problems in parent-offspring communication, and depression and anxiety.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gender differences in the buffer-effect of social support in the relation between stressful circumstances and the development of depression and anxiety disorders are widely assumed, but few studies address this three-way interaction between gender, stress, and support. Data in the present study came from the baseline assessment of the Adolescents at Risk for Anxiety and Depression (ARIADNE) study in 502 adolescent and young-adult children of 356 parents in the Netherlands with a depression, panic disorder and/or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Results indicate that the daughters benefit more from social support than the sons when problems in parent-offspring communication are high, but that this effect holds only for depression symptoms and particularly in relation to problems in father-offspring communication. Social support does not seem to play a role in the development of anxiety. PMID:15814180

Landman-Peeters, Karlien M C; Hartman, Catharina A; van der Pompe, Gieta; den Boer, Johan A; Minderaa, Ruud B; Ormel, Johan

2005-06-01

250

Initial steps in extending crisis communication theory towards social media crisis dialogue: revisiting situational crisis communication framework  

OpenAIRE

Research Summary The main focus of this research is on the study of stakeholders' naturally occurring reactions to corporate crisis and crisis communication. The literature review aimed to combine situational crisis communication framework (SCCT) with the strategic public relations management theory to establish an idea of strategic two-way crisis communication. The case study evidence is drawn from the Toyota USA Facebook site in relation to the Toyota recall crisis in 2009-2011 and studi...

Laisi, Suvi

2013-01-01

251

Teaching Approach for Developing Nonverbal Communication Skills in Students with Social Perception Deficits. Part I. The Basic Approach and Body Language Clues.  

Science.gov (United States)

An approach to ameliorate social perception deficits in learning disabled children is described. Based on task analysis and diagnosis and prescription, the approach is seen to cover four stages in teaching nonverbal communication skills: discrimination of specific social cues (body language), understanding of the social meanings of such cues,…

Minskoff, Esther H.

1980-01-01

252

Video Modeling and the Expression of Social Communication and Behavior Skills in Preschool and Elementary School Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent times have seen an increasing prevalence and incidence of children with ASD in school settings. Social, cognitive, and language process deficits directly impact the ability of children with ASD to effectively functioning within the complex social setting of schools. In particular, deficits are noted in the areas of social communication and…

Kutty, Seema

2012-01-01

253

Los estudios de Comunicación Social en el EEES y los desafíos profesionales emergentes / Social Communication in the EAHE and emerging professional challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los títulos de Comunicación Social despejan una nueva consideración universitaria de un sector pujante que aúna las facetas económica y cultural: las industrias audiovisual, periodística y publicitaria. Este artículo revisa cómo la sociedad de la información, la comunicación y el conocimiento y el mercado laboral obligan a potenciar la formación universitaria en competencias demandadas por las industrias creativo-culturales. Estamos ante un nuevo encaje de la universidad con el mundo profesional y la sociedad. Un mundo global abierto por las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación reaviva la competitividad basada en la formación altamente cualificada, apelando a la conciliación entre universidad y empresa que afrontan la readecuación de unas interrelaciones no siempre bien entendidas.The beginning of spanish degrees in Social Communication clears renewed consideration by university in a sector that combines economic and cultural facets: multimedia industries. This paper reviews how the information society and professional market requires renew elements for graduates in creative and cultural industries. The reasons to modernizing higher education are new professions at a Knowledge Society. University administrator and business world are facing an adaptation of relationship not always well understood. Social Communication is inserted in a global world opened by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT. This situation revives the competitiveness based on qualified professionals, and conciliation between companies and universities.

María Dolores Meneses Fernández

2010-11-01

254

Stereotyping of medical disability claimants' communication behaviour by physicians: towards more focused education for social insurance physicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews (social insurance physicians are probably influenced by stereotypes of claimants, especially because they have limited time available and they have to make complicated decisions. Because little is known about the influences of stereotyping on assessment interviews, the objectives of this paper were to qualitatively investigate: (1 the content of stereotypes used to classify claimants with regard to the way in which they communicate; (2 the origins of such stereotypes; (3 the advantages and disadvantages of stereotyping in assessment interviews; and (4 how social insurance physicians minimise the undesirable influences of negative stereotyping. Methods Data were collected during three focus group meetings with social insurance physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews with sick-listed employees (i.e. claimants. The participants also completed a questionnaire about demographic characteristics. The data were qualitatively analysed in Atlas.ti in four steps, according to the grounded theory and the principle of constant comparison. Results A total of 22 social insurance physicians participated. Based on their responses, a claimant's communication was classified with regard to the degree of respect and acceptance in the physician-claimant relationship, and the degree of dominance. Most of the social insurance physicians reported that they classify claimants in general groups, and use these classifications to adapt their own communication behaviour. Moreover, the social insurance physicians revealed that their stereotypes originate from information in the claimants' files and first impressions. The main advantages of stereotyping were that this provides a framework for the assessment interview, it can save time, and it is interesting to check whether the stereotype is correct. Disadvantages of stereotyping were that the stereotypes often prove incorrect, they do not give the complete picture, and the claimant's behaviour changes constantly. Social insurance physicians try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes by being aware of counter transference, making formal assessments, staying neutral to the best of their ability, and being compassionate. Conclusions We concluded that social insurance physicians adapt their communication style to the degree of respect and dominance of claimants in the physician-claimant relationship, but they try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes in assessment interviews. It is recommended that this issue should be addressed in communication skills training.

Berkhof M

2010-11-01

255

Nuclear Regulatory Organisations, the Internet and Social Media: The What, How and Why of Their Use as Communication Tools  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

'Social media' is a term referring to various activities that integrate technology, social interaction and content creation. Social media can also be thought of as a way of using technology to 'enable conversations' that take place outside of the constraints of time and location - people can access the information any time of the day or night, from anywhere. Social media builds on the communication advances - and advantages of the Internet - but has increasingly become a communication vehicle far surpassing its predecessor. It is fast, cheap to the consumer, easily available and part of the fabric of people's lives. Social media also magnifies information as it enables conversation that everyone can participate in. Videos 'go viral' and are seen by millions of people, tweets are re-tweeted again and again, and information is 'shared' to multiplicities of friends on Facebook. Public relations practitioners around the world have been paying attention to social media as an important communication tool. Research done in 2010 by the public relations firm Burston-Marsteller found that eight of 10 Fortune Global 100 companies used at least one of the most popular social media platforms i.e. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube or corporate blogging. In the United States, virtually all of the major federal agencies use at least some of the 'big four' platforms. Many, if not all, of the nuclear regulatory organisations (NROs) represented in the Working Group on Public Communication use at least some social media. At a minimum, they are monitoring social media as they are also monitoring traditional media. However, a post-Fukushima informal poll indicated many nations' nuclear regulators are looking at broadening their social media use, although some may not know how to proceed, and everyone can benefit from the 'lessons learned' by others. This report outlines the most popular social media tools available today, provides tips and techniques that have worked for nuclear regulators around the world, and when appropriate, provides case studies and links to help regulators create, maintain or improve their social media usage. It is important to note that social media moves very quickly, and many of the statistics provided by the NROs for initial versions of this report are now outdated. In addition, in some instances, NROs not cited in this report are now using social media platforms as new additions to their communication and outreach programs. It is also expected that new social media platforms will be presenting themselves as future options, and some platforms may fall out of favour over time. With that in mind, this report will be fully updated with new information, statistics and case studies in a few years. To make it easy to access online, and to enhance readability, the web sites cited throughout this report are embedded in the text rather than written out in their entirety. (authors)

256

El videojuego en red social: un nuevo modelo de comunicación / Videojuego in social network: a new model of communication  

OpenAIRE

Resumen: Los videojuegos en las redes sociales son la combinación de una evolución paralela, por un lado el desarrollo del entretenimiento y las interfaces interactivas y, por otro, la evolución de los nuevos medios de comunicación, con Internet a la cabeza. Pasando por el correo electrónico y desarrollándose en múltiples direcciones, parece que las redes sociales se han convertido en el actual estándar de comunicación social, no solo en entornos grupales, sino de transmisión de inf...

Francisco Ignacio Revuelta Domínguez; Alberto Bernabé Sáez

2012-01-01

257

The Influence of Asynchronous Video Communication on Learner Social Presence: A Narrative Analysis of Four Cases  

Science.gov (United States)

Online courses are increasingly using asynchronous video communication. However, little is known about how asynchronous video communication influences students' communication patterns. This study presents four narratives of students with varying characteristics who engaged in asynchronous video communication. The extrovert valued the efficiency of…

Borup, Jered; West, Richard E.; Graham, Charles R.

2013-01-01

258

Social marketing communication in a multicultural environment: Practical issues and theoretical contributions from cross-cultural marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social marketing communication (social marcom campaign production can be more challenging when the audience includes individuals from ‘culturally and linguistically diverse’ (CALD communities. Additional issues such as culturally related values, practices, and attitudes need consideration. Normally, social marcoms campaigns for CALD audiences involve directly translating mainstream campaign material into various ethnic groups’ languages. However, little is understood about the issues beyond translation that confront practitioners adapting mainstream campaigns.This article presents a case study analysis of work undertaken by the New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service (MHCS. The Service’s core activity is adaptation of social marcoms campaigns for use with CALD audiences. Data for the case was collected from staff, MHCS clients, and members of target audiences. Four key issues emerge as significant in the process of adapting social marcoms campaigns at MHCS. These are: segmenting and identifying the target audience; adapting message content; source credibility; and integrating the adapted campaign with its mainstream counterpart.To provide theoretical insights and strategies to address these issues this article draws on cross-cultural marketing theory. For example, the theory of acculturation is used to provide an alternative to current segmentation practices. In the same vein, theories associated with the application of cultural typologies are used to explain why the practice of adaptation is not always successful. The article concludes by considering the implications of this study for further research.

Gary Noble.

2005-01-01

259

Repetition benefit in mental rotation is independent of stimulus repetition  

OpenAIRE

In this study, we investigated whether there is a repetition benefit in mental rotation that is independent of stimulus repetition (i.e., due to increased efficiency in postencoding processing). Three experiments were conducted, in which different conditions of stimulus repetition (different letters on consecutive trials in Experiment 1, letters of different orientations on consecutive trials in Experiment 2, and priming of rotation direction in Experiment 3) were used, and the extent of repe...

Wan, Qun; Chen, Chuansheng; Wu, Chenyang; Qian, Xiuying

2011-01-01

260

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

261

Differentiation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder by the social communication questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The differentiation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) poses a clinical challenge. In children, overlap of psychopathological and cognitive findings has been found for both disorders. In addition, some children suffer from both disorders. The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a screening instrument for ASD symptoms which indicates the presence of ASD in a rapid and economic way. However, validity to differentiate ASD and ADHD as differential or comorbid diagnoses has not been studied. Here, the differential validity was compared in groups of children with ASD, ADHD, ASD + ADHD, and typically developing (TD) children and IQ > 70. ROC analyses indicated an excellent differentiation between ASD and TD with ROC-AUC = .941 and between ASD + ADHD with ROC-AUC = .993. The optimal cutoff was below the originally recommended one of 15. The differentiation between children with ASD with (ROC-AUC = .982) or without ADHD (ROC-AUC = .864) and ADHD alone also showed acceptable differential validity, and here, the optimal cutoff corresponded to the recommended. Taken together, the SCQ can be recommended as a screening instrument for a first differentiation between children with ASD and typically developing children as well as children with ADHD. PMID:24966019

Schwenck, Christina; Freitag, Christine M

2014-09-01

262

Place Existing Online Business Communication Classes into the International Context: Social Presence from Potential Learners' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent scholarship on global online courses points to the need to examine the issue of social context in an online global learning environment. To explore global learners' cultural perspectives on the social climate of an online class, we first review the social presence theory--which can be used to examine the social climate in an online…

Wang, Junhua; Wang, Hua

2012-01-01

263

Acoustic communication and social behaviour of the rock dassie Procavia capensis (Pallas), in captivity  

OpenAIRE

Please read the abstract in the section 00front of this document © 1974 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. Please cite as follows: Fourie PB, 1974, Acoustic communication and social behaviour of the rock dassie Procavia capen...

Fourie, Petrus Bernardus

2010-01-01

264

Rodent ultrasonic communication: Male prosocial 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations elicit social approach behavior in female rats (Rattus norvegicus).  

Science.gov (United States)

Rats emit distinct types of ultrasonic vocalizations (USV), which serve as situation-dependent affective signals with important communicative functions. Low-frequency 22-kHz USV typically occur in aversive situations, such as social defeat, whereas high-frequency 50-kHz USV can be observed in appetitive situations, like rough-and-tumble-play in juveniles or mating in adults. The 2 main USV types serve distinct communicative functions and induce call-specific behavioral responses in the receiver. While 22-kHz USV probably serve as alarm calls, 50-kHz USV appear to serve a prosocial communicative function in the sexual and the nonsexual context. In the sexual context, however, this view has recently been challenged by playback studies where only very limited behavioral changes were observed in response to prosocial 50-kHz USV. The aim of the present study was therefore to test whether female rats display social approach behavior in response to male prosocial 50-kHz USV by means of our established playback paradigm. To this aim, we exposed female rats to playback of the following 2 acoustic stimuli: (a) natural male 50-kHz USV and (b) time- and amplitude-matched white noise, with the latter serving as acoustic control for novelty-induced changes in behavior not linked to the communicative function of male prosocial 50-kHz USV. Our present findings show that female rats display high levels of social approach behavior in response to male prosocial 50-kHz USV, but not time- and amplitude-matched white noise, supporting the conclusion that male prosocial 50-kHz USV are likely to play an important role in establishing social proximity and possibly regulate mating behavior. PMID:24188619

Willadsen, Maria; Seffer, Dominik; Schwarting, Rainer K W; Wöhr, Markus

2014-02-01

265

Research on online video games: an analysis of communication processes from the perspective of social and technological innovation  

OpenAIRE

Our study relates specifically massively multiplayer online games (known by the acronym MMOG). Our hypothesis is that this type of game is a medium of socialization, a mediation mechanism for sharing information on a large scale, because its universe of encounters and its network of exchange. More specifically, the present article raises a particular aspect of MMOGs, the appropriation by the players of the communication media and the development of addons.

Bonenfant, Maude; Fusaro, Magda

2010-01-01

266

Research on online video games: an analysis of communication processes from the perspective of social and technological innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our study relates specifically massively multiplayer online games (known by the acronym MMOG. Our hypothesis is that this type of game is a medium of socialization, a mediation mechanism for sharing information on a large scale, because its universe of encounters and its network of exchange. More specifically, the present article raises a particular aspect of MMOGs, the appropriation by the players of the communication media and the development of addons.

Maude BONENFANT

2010-01-01

267

COMMUNICATION RELATION AND SOCIAL MEDIA A case study on wildfire awareness  

OpenAIRE

On line social media establish the basis of a new paradigm especially since collaboration is becoming essential in business activities. Social media are based on the principle of the multiplicity of connections and are used for their capacity to find and to exchange with many partners who answer the specific needs of each individual, each company or each institution. By this principle, an organization can reach a user from the social network of a member of its own social network. Social media...

Asdourian, Bruno

2010-01-01

268

Análisis de la planeación estratégica de la comunicación en cuatro proyectos de intervención social en Montería / Analysis of Communication Strategic Planning in four Social Intervention Projects in Montería  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El artículo plantea los desafíos que enfrentan los profesionales, las organizaciones gestoras de iniciativas sociales y los beneficiarios, en torno al proceso de planeación de la comunicación de los proyectos de intervención social llevados a cabo en la ciudad de Montería. Se analizaron cuatro progr [...] amas de comunicación estratégica de los proyectos Reciclando Ando, Plan Departamental de Aguas, Implementación de Parcelas Productivas y Desarrollo Sostenible de las Artesanías de Córdoba, desarrollados por las organizaciones Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel y la Corporación de los Valles del Sinú y San Jorge, respectivamente. Se realizó un análisis individual de cada caso, que incluyó diferentes estrategias de contacto con la realidad objeto de estudio, como el análisis documental, la entrevista, el grupo focal y la observación participante, lo que permitió metodológicamente alimentar la documentación teórica, la interpretación de evidencias y la interacción del investigador con los actores y sus realidades. Los resultados evidenciaron que estas instituciones relegan la comunicación a un uso instrumental; no la emplean de forma estratégica (sistemática, organizada, probada, integradora y articulada al proceso de planeación de los proyectos de intervención social) y no incluyen mecanismos de integración y participación activa de los grupos de interés involucrados con estas iniciativas. Abstract in english This article refers to the challenge faced by professionals, organizations interested in social initiatives and beneficiaries around social intervention projects communication planning process carried out in Monteria city. Four programs of project strategic communication were analyzed: ''We are Recy [...] cling, State Water Plans, Implementation of Productive Areas, and sustainable Development of Cordoba handcrafts, developed by the following organizations: Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel, and Corporación de los Valles del Sinú and San Jorge, respectively. An individual analysis of each case was carried out. It included different contact strategies with the study object such as documental analysis, the interview, focal group, and participant observation which allowed feeding -methodologically- theoretical documentation, interpretation of evidences, and the interaction of the researcher with agents and their realities. Results showed that these institutions give communication am instrumental use, they do not use it in a strategic way (systematic, organized, proved, integrating, and articulated to the planning process of social intervention projects) and doe not include integration and active participation mechanisms of interest groups involved in these initiatives.

Ana Lorena, Malluk Marenco.

2013-05-01

269

Communication  

OpenAIRE

Religion, as a collective phenomenon, cannot be conceived of without taking communication into account. Nevertheless, the sense of the communicative element in religion has been mostly implicit or completely lacking in religious studies. This paper explores some of the recent openings in the study of religion and communication, focusing on religion and the media in the modern world. The paper closes by delineating some future prospects for the field.

Titus Hjelm

2005-01-01

270

The Communication of Meaning in Anticipatory Systems: A Simulation Study of the Dynamics of Intentionality in Social Interactions  

CERN Document Server

Psychological and social systems provide us with a natural domain for the study of anticipations because these systems are based on and operate in terms of intentionality. Psychological systems can be expected to contain a model of themselves and their environments social systems can be strongly anticipatory and therefore co-construct their environments, for example, in techno-economic (co-)evolutions. Using Duboi's hyper-incursive and incursive formulations of the logistic equation, these two types of systems and their couplings can be simulated. In addition to their structural coupling, psychological and social systems are also coupled by providing meaning reflexively to each other's meaning-processing. Luhmann's distinctions among (1) interactions between intentions at the micro-level, (2) organization at the meso-level, and (3) self-organization of the fluxes of meaningful communication at the global level can be modeled and simulated using three hyper-incursive equations. The global level of self-organiz...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

271

Responsabilidad social corporativa (RSC) y comunicación: la agenda de las grandes empresas mexicanas / Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Communication: The Agenda of Mexico's Large Companies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación pionera en México acerca de cómo es la comunicación de la responsabilidad social corporativa(RSC) en el país y cómo es esa responsabilidad (prácticas más comunes, áreas más atendidas, programas, stakeholders, etc.), a partir de lo que dicen [...] al respecto (por internet) las 25 empresas más importantes de México, según la revista mexicana Expansión Abstract in english This article presents the results obtained from a pioneering research in Mexico. Such research describes communication initiatives concerning Corporate Social Responsibility in the country, as well as CSR practices (most common practices, areas mostly dealt with, programs, stakeholders, etc.). It is [...] based on online statements by the 25 top companies in Mexico, according to the Mexican magazine Expansion

MARIELA, PÉREZ CHAVARRÍA.

2009-12-01

272

Propuestas para la investigavción en comunicación audiovisual: publicidad social y creación colectiva en Internet / Research proposals for audiovisual communication: social advertising and collective creation on the internet  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: La sociedad de la información digital plantea nuevos retos a los investigadores. A mediada que la comunicación audiovisual se ha consolidado como disciplina, los estudios culturales se muestran como una perspectiva de análisis ventajosa para acercarse a las nuevas prácticas creativas y de consumo del medio audiovisual. Este artículo defiende el estudio de los productos culturales audiovisuales que esta sociedad digital produce por cuanto son un testimonio de los cambios sociales que se operan en ella. En concreto se propone el acercamiento a la publicidad social y a los objetos de creación colectiva en Internet como medio para conocer las circunstancias de nuestra sociedad. Abstract: The information society poses new challenges to researchers. While audiovisual communication has been consolidated as a discipline, cultural studies is an advantageous analytical perspective to approach the new creative practices and consumption of audiovisual media. This article defends the study of audiovisual cultural products produced by the digital society because they are a testimony of the social changes taking place in it. Specifically, it proposes an approach to social advertising and objects of collective creation on the Internet as a means to know the circumstances of our society.

Teresa Fraile Prieto

2011-09-01

273

Spatial Organization of Repetition Rate Processing in Cat Anterior Auditory Field  

OpenAIRE

Auditory cortex updates incoming information on a segment by segment basis for human speech and animal communication. Measuring repetition rate transfer functions (RRTFs) captures temporal responses to repetitive sounds. In this study, we used repetitive click trains to describe the spatial distribution of RRTF responses in cat anterior auditory field (AAF) and to discern potential variations in local temporal processing capacity. A majority of RRTF filters are band pass. Temporal parameters ...

Imaizumi, Kazuo; Priebe, Nicholas J.; Cheung, Steven W.; Schreiner, Christoph E.

2011-01-01

274

Understanding maximal repetitions in strings  

CERN Document Server

The cornerstone of any algorithm computing all repetitions in a string of length n in O(n) time is the fact that the number of runs (or maximal repetitions) is O(n). We give a simple proof of this result. As a consequence of our approach, the stronger result concerning the linearity of the sum of exponents of all runs follows easily.

Crochemore, Maxime

2008-01-01

275

Understanding communication processes within a private, computer-mediated social support group  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a listserv as a medium for the provision of social support to a cancer patient who was part of a marginalized community. A taxonomy was constructed showing the types of social and pragmatic support offered through the listserv medium. Marginalization limited the ability for members of the community to provide social support. The listserv was able to facilitate some types of social support, but its nature as a lean medium...

Ivic, Rebecca K.

2010-01-01

276

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tools to publicize and organize demonstrations and to catalogue human rights abuses. The Arab Spring, or Jasmine Revolution, was an event that was both witnessed and played out in real time online. This article explores the impacts and effects of these technologies on regimes in East Asia, in particular exploring the extent to which they proffer new capabilities upon activists and reformers in the region’s semi-democratic and authoritarian regimes. Drawing on data on Internet and smartphone use, as well as case studies that explore the role of these technologies on the 2008 and 2011 general elections in Malaysia and Singapore respectively, this article suggests that the Internet and social networking platforms do present unique opportunities for activists, citizens and social movements.

Jason P. Abbott

2011-01-01

277

Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e responsabilidade social empresarial: uma proposta de pesquisa / Communicative Action Theory and company's social responsibility: a research proposal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo, empreendemos uma revisão da Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e propomos uma agenda de pesquisa sobre a adoção de fóruns de debate de inspiração habermasiana nas organizações, visando à fixação de agendas de desenvolvimento sustentável para diversos setores da economia. Como a responsabilida [...] de social da empresa diz respeito à implementação, por parte dela, de ações de desenvolvimento sustentável, considera-se que deva estabelecer uma agenda de desenvolvimento sustentável tendo em vista sua atuação em setores específicos da economia. Assim, a pauta de desenvolvimento de produtos, serviços e tecnologias que obedeçam às diretrizes de desenvolvimento sustentável deve ser fixada de acordo com critérios substantivos a ser debatidos em fóruns de comunicação de inspiração habermasiana. Abstract in english In this paper, we undertook a review of the Communicative Action Theory and propose a research agenda on the adoption of Habermasian-inspired debate forums at organizations, aimed at setting sustainable development agendas for various sectors of the economy. As the company's social responsibility co [...] ncerns the implementation, on its part, of sustainable development actions, one thinks there's a need for establishing a sustainable development agenda taking into account its operation in specific sectors of the economy. Thus, an agenda for developing products, services, and technologies which complies with the sustainable development guidelines should be set in accordance with the substantive criteria which are going to be debated on Habermasian inspired communication forums.

Yvon, Pesqueux; Isabella Francisca Freitas Gouveia de, Vasconcelos.

2013-03-01

278

SETI meets a social intelligence: Dolphins as a model for real-time interaction and communication with a sentient species  

Science.gov (United States)

In the past SETI has focused on the reception and deciphering of radio signals from potential remote civilizations. It is conceivable that real-time contact and interaction with a social intelligence may occur in the future. A serious look at the development of relationship, and deciphering of communication signals within and between a non-terrestrial, non-primate sentient species is relevant. Since 1985 a resident community of free-ranging Atlantic spotted dolphins has been observed regularly in the Bahamas. Life history, relationships, regular interspecific interactions with bottlenose dolphins, and multi-modal underwater communication signals have been documented. Dolphins display social communication signals modified for water, their body types, and sensory systems. Like anthropologists, human researchers engage in benign observation in the water and interact with these dolphins to develop rapport and trust. Many individual dolphins have been known for over 20 years. Learning the culturally appropriate etiquette has been important in the relationship with this alien society. To engage humans in interaction the dolphins often initiate spontaneous displays, mimicry, imitation, and synchrony. These elements may be emergent/universal features of one intelligent species contacting another for the intention of initiating interaction. This should be a consideration for real-time contact and interaction for future SETI work.

Herzing, Denise L.

2010-12-01

279

Effects of social environment and personality on communication in male Siamese fighting fish in an artificial network  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Individuals of the same species, sex, age and size may differ in suites of behaviour traits in a consistent manner across time and may thus represent different personalities. In a communication context, the personality of an individual may both affect and be affected by the behaviour of the individuals surrounding it within a network. We investigated the effects of a change of local social environment on two behavioural types, ‘persistent' versus ‘sporadic' signaller, in Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens. Males visually interacted for 1 day in a communication network of seven fish in tanks arranged in a hexagonal grid, while we recorded space use and signalling data. We then exchanged the positions of two males with different behavioural types and observed them interacting the following day. ‘Persistent' signallers were unaffected by the treatment, while ‘sporadic' signallers increased the time spent in the inner front part of their tank, from which they could observe but not interact with the neighbours. Social instability (i.e. number of changed neighbours) raised the signalling levels of individuals independently of their behavioural types. We discuss the relationship between information gathering in a communication network and network composition in terms of behavioural types of its members.

Matessi, Giuliano; Matos, Ricardo Jorge Santa Clara

2010-01-01

280

Neural Basis of Repetition Priming during Mathematical Cognition: Repetition Suppression or Repetition Enhancement?  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the neural basis of repetition priming (RP) during mathematical cognition. Previous studies of RP have focused on repetition suppression as the basis of behavioral facilitation, primarily using word and object identification and classification tasks. More recently, researchers have suggested associative stimulus-response learning…

Salimpoor, Valorie N.; Chang, Catie; Menon, Vinod

2010-01-01

281

Video research: documenting and learning from HIV and AIDS communication strategies for social change in Ghana  

OpenAIRE

The dynamic landscape of global communications continually presents new challenges for the design and analysis of media and communication within international development projects. This Masters project uses video and web technology to document, explore and extend the role of communication in a CIDA funded HIV and AIDS stigma reduction project in Ghana, West Africa. The project includes a documentary video entitled: The Challenge of Stigma, Reflections on community education as a pathway to ch...

Decosas, Heiko

2010-01-01

282

Modelo de comunicación desde una perspectiva social, orientado a la actividad física / Design of a communicative model from a social perspective oriented to the physical activity case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Se diseñó y aplicó un modelo de comunicación, en el contexto de una Red aplicada a tres regiones de Colombia, Bogotá, Antioquia y Quindío, basado en el enfoque macrointencional, dirigido a afianzar la comprensión del tema de actividad física en los actores relacionados con el tema desde una [...] interpretación multidimensional. Métodos Se definieron poblaciones objetivo y se conformaron equipos de trabajo durante un proceso de tres meses, basados en tres estrategias: producción social, transmisión y democratización. Resultados Se desarrollaron mensajes basados en la construcción de los productores sociales; se ampliaron los conceptos iniciales relacionados con cuerpo, autocuidado, actividad física y salud. Conclusiones Los modelos de comunicación en salud, que se orientan al desarrollo de habilidades personales en relación con la capacidad de comunicar y construir sentidos compartidos, permiten apropiación y recordación de mensajes en salud. El modelo es una estrategia de comunicación que afianza la construcción compartida de mensajes en salud. Este enfoque exige el desarrollo de acciones locales y el fomento de la capacidad organizacional comunitaria. Abstract in english Objective A communication model was designed and put into practice, in the form of a Network throughout three regions in Colombia; Bogotá, Antioquia and Quindío. Based on a macro-intentional model, this network was aimed at strengthening understanding around the subject of physical activity among th [...] ose people affected by the issue, from a multidimensional perspective. Methods The test population was defined and working groups were formed around three strategies: social production, transmission and democratization, during a three-month period. Results Messages were developed based around the ideas of the community producers themselves; the initial concepts were widened to include the body, self care, physical activity and health. Conclusions Communication models related to health, aimed at developing personal skills including the ability to communicate and build shared experience, can be assimilated and incorporated into broadcasts on health issues. This model serves as a communication strategy which strengthens the building of shared broadcasts on health issues. This kind of focus requires the development of local activity and capacity-building within the community.

Adriana, Prieto-Rodríguez; Marisol, Moreno- Angarita; Yency S, Cardozo-Vásquez.

2006-11-01

283

Modelo de Comunicación desde una Perspectiva Social, orientado a la Actividad Física Design of a communicative model from a social perspective oriented to the physical activity case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo Se diseñó y aplicó un modelo de comunicación, en el contexto de una Red aplicada a tres regiones de Colombia, Bogotá, Antioquia y Quindío, basado en el enfoque macrointencional, dirigido a afianzar la comprensión del tema de actividad física en los actores relacionados con el tema desde una interpretación multidimensional. Métodos Se definieron poblaciones objetivo y se conformaron equipos de trabajo durante un proceso de tres meses, basados en tres estrategias: producción social, transmisión y democratización. Resultados Se desarrollaron mensajes basados en la construcción de los productores sociales; se ampliaron los conceptos iniciales relacionados con cuerpo, autocuidado, actividad física y salud. Conclusiones Los modelos de comunicación en salud, que se orientan al desarrollo de habilidades personales en relación con la capacidad de comunicar y construir sentidos compartidos, permiten apropiación y recordación de mensajes en salud. El modelo es una estrategia de comunicación que afianza la construcción compartida de mensajes en salud. Este enfoque exige el desarrollo de acciones locales y el fomento de la capacidad organizacional comunitaria.Objective A communication model was designed and put into practice, in the form of a Network throughout three regions in Colombia; Bogotá, Antioquia and Quindío. Based on a macro-intentional model, this network was aimed at strengthening understanding around the subject of physical activity among those people affected by the issue, from a multidimensional perspective. Methods The test population was defined and working groups were formed around three strategies: social production, transmission and democratization, during a three-month period. Results Messages were developed based around the ideas of the community producers themselves; the initial concepts were widened to include the body, self care, physical activity and health. Conclusions Communication models related to health, aimed at developing personal skills including the ability to communicate and build shared experience, can be assimilated and incorporated into broadcasts on health issues. This model serves as a communication strategy which strengthens the building of shared broadcasts on health issues. This kind of focus requires the development of local activity and capacity-building within the community.

Adriana Prieto-Rodríguez

284

Modelo de Comunicación desde una Perspectiva Social, orientado a la Actividad Física / Design of a communicative model from a social perspective oriented to the physical activity case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Se diseñó y aplicó un modelo de comunicación, en el contexto de una Red aplicada a tres regiones de Colombia, Bogotá, Antioquia y Quindío, basado en el enfoque macrointencional, dirigido a afianzar la comprensión del tema de actividad física en los actores relacionados con el tema desde una [...] interpretación multidimensional. Métodos Se definieron poblaciones objetivo y se conformaron equipos de trabajo durante un proceso de tres meses, basados en tres estrategias: producción social, transmisión y democratización. Resultados Se desarrollaron mensajes basados en la construcción de los productores sociales; se ampliaron los conceptos iniciales relacionados con cuerpo, autocuidado, actividad física y salud. Conclusiones Los modelos de comunicación en salud, que se orientan al desarrollo de habilidades personales en relación con la capacidad de comunicar y construir sentidos compartidos, permiten apropiación y recordación de mensajes en salud. El modelo es una estrategia de comunicación que afianza la construcción compartida de mensajes en salud. Este enfoque exige el desarrollo de acciones locales y el fomento de la capacidad organizacional comunitaria. Abstract in english Objective A communication model was designed and put into practice, in the form of a Network throughout three regions in Colombia; Bogotá, Antioquia and Quindío. Based on a macro-intentional model, this network was aimed at strengthening understanding around the subject of physical activity among th [...] ose people affected by the issue, from a multidimensional perspective. Methods The test population was defined and working groups were formed around three strategies: social production, transmission and democratization, during a three-month period. Results Messages were developed based around the ideas of the community producers themselves; the initial concepts were widened to include the body, self care, physical activity and health. Conclusions Communication models related to health, aimed at developing personal skills including the ability to communicate and build shared experience, can be assimilated and incorporated into broadcasts on health issues. This model serves as a communication strategy which strengthens the building of shared broadcasts on health issues. This kind of focus requires the development of local activity and capacity-building within the community.

Adriana, Prieto-Rodríguez; Marisol, Moreno- Angarita; Yency S, Cardozo-Vásquez.

2006-11-17

285

Qualitative study of the communication processes of Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (RLCS from 1998 to 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the results of a metrics study performed the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (Latina Journal of Social Communication from January 1998 to December 2009. The quantitative analysis explores the communication processes registered in 878 articles, through five bibliometric indicators: gender, academic degree, country of origin, co-authorship and institutional affiliation. This last criterion was applied only to Spanish authors as they account for 55% of the scientific production in the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (hence RLCS. The results indicate that there are 1,047 authors, of which 44% are women and 56% are men. This study addresses the position of RLCS in Latin America and highlights the academic contribution of countries such as Argentina, Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Cuba, and Chile. Moreover, the study addresses the participation of 42 Spanish universities in RLCS, which is also Spanish. So of these universities stand out because they have registered more than 20 authors each (e.g. the University of Seville, the Autonomous University of Barcelona, the Complutense University of Madrid, the University of the Basque Country, the University of Santiago de Compostela, the University of Malaga, and the Rey Juan Carlos University. Finally, the article identifies the institutional affiliation of 285 (27% authors who published in co-authorship, and classifies the types of collaboration of the Spanish authors in three categories: intra-institutional, inter-institutional and international.

Maricela López-Ornelas, M.A.

2010-01-01

286

Processos comunicacionais da cultura jovem na rede social do ciberespaço / Young culture communication processes in cyberspace social net  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A difusão das novas tecnologias na educação, sobretudo a Internet, vem nos forçando a revisar categorias e conceitos monolíticos e reducionistas da educação tradicional, apontando para a construção de um novo modelo que nos remeta a uma visão bem mais complexa e dinâmica dos processos comunicacionai [...] s, representada, principalmente, pela lógica hipertextual. O site Bocada Forte, nosso objeto de estudo, aponta para uma re-configuração da comunicação humana, baseada no diálogo e na pluralidade, em oposição à comunicação unívoca e monológica da educação tradicional - marcada pela falta de autonomia e criação. Abstract in english The diffusion of new technologies in education, mainly, the Internet, has been drawing educators towards a review on categories and concepts, monolitic and redutionist, given by traditional education. The new approach leads to the construction of a new model in which educators reflect critically upo [...] n complex and dynamic communication processes represented, mainly, by the hypertextual logic. The site Bocada Forte, our object of study, points to a re-arrangement of human communication based on dialogue and plurality, as opposed to the univocal and monological communication of tradicional education, characterized by the lack of autonomy and creativity.

Ângela Correia, Dias.

2005-12-01

287

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva / Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se [...] han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo. Abstract in english The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact [...] that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel, Calvo Calvo.

2011-09-01

288

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo.The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel Calvo Calvo

2011-09-01

289

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

OpenAIRE

Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de c...

Robert Vincent Joule; Françoise Bernard

2005-01-01

290

Neural repetition suppression reflects fulfilled perceptual expectations  

OpenAIRE

Stimulus-evoked neural activity is attenuated upon stimulus repetition (‘repetition suppression’), a phenomenon attributed to largely automatic processes in sensory neurons. By manipulating the likelihood of stimulus repetition, we show that repetition suppression in the human brain is reduced when stimulus repetitions are improbable (and thus, unexpected). These data suggest that repetition suppression reflects a relative reduction in top-down perceptual ‘prediction error’ when proce...

Summerfield, Christopher; Monti, Jim M. P.; Trittschuh, Emily H.; Mesulam, M. -marsel; Egner, Tobias

2008-01-01

291

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences  

OpenAIRE

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths – rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations – make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible t...

Osterrieder, Anne

2013-01-01

292

Social media and the networked organization, Twitter and intra-police communications  

OpenAIRE

Do social media in the transform government organizations into post-bureaucratic organizations? Key features of post-bureaucratic organizations (1) horizontal coordination (with a focus on informal interaction patterns) and (2) fluid and permeable borders with its environment. To explore whether the use of social media transforms government organizations into more post-bureaucratic organization, the use of social media in police organizations is investigated and analyzed. On the basis of exte...

Meijer, Albert; Torenvlied, Rene; Fictorie, Danielle

2013-01-01

293

Social advertising in the modern communicative space: the experience of the Kaliningrad region  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social advertising, which is growing fast nowadays, gives rise to a number of issues relating to its efficiency and impact on the audience. The author focuses on the current problems faced by social advertising in the Kaliningrad region and demonstrates a lack of variety in topics, as well as a limited range of the techniques applied. The paper tackles the problem of identifying the quality level of advertisements addressing various social needs.

Druker M.

2013-01-01

294

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this research, we tested the effectiveness of media selection prediction of these three tools on 72 communication tasks from 18 companies. We then compared the results to real data. This comparison showed MFF to be more effective than either MRT or SIP, particularly in multiple-media situations. MFF also had a faster convergence of media selection prediction.

Rui Gu

2011-09-01

295

Consumers and Corporate Social Responsibility Communication: What Do They Really Want?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper questions and discusses whether the currently recommended way of communicating CSR to the increasingly important stakeholder group consisting of consumers will also be the optimum way to represent corporate values and behaviour in the future? Maybe it is time to challenge current thinking within the field of CSR communication suggesting that companies should apply a very subtle, implicit and sometimes even endorsed way of communicating CSR in order to inhibit scepticism and enhance persuasion. Perhaps the young consumers- the consumers of the future - are ready for another approach because they have a different understanding and awareness of CSR than we have seen so far? The question is, then, how companies can accommodate this understanding and awareness rhetorically in their communication of CSR. In this paper, a new conceptual model for communicating CSR to consumers is presented along with the theoretical background for a consumer survey aiming to test and develop the model further.

Schmeltz, Line

296

Social communication impairments in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome: Slow response time and the impact of prompting  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In the present study children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome (N = 13) and a matched control group of typically developing children and adolescents were presented with 26 vignettes of daily life situations, including irony, metaphors, contrary emotions, jealousy, social blunders, and understanding intentions. The participants in the AS group showed significant impairments in social communication. They needed significantly longer response times to solve the tasks and required significantly more prompt questions than the control persons. When analyzing the AS participants' performances before any prompt questions had been given, their task performances were significantly poorer than after the prompts had been given indicating that without any prompt questions their task performance would have fallen markedly. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kaland, Nils; Mortensen, Erik Lykke

2011-01-01

297

Los medios de comunicación social en el socialismo del siglo XXI / The Social Communication Media in a Twenty First-Century Socialism  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este trabajo se analizan las funciones que los medios de comunicación social deberían cumplir en una sociedad socialista. Se señala el abandono de los principios editoriales de los medios privados y la desinformación que ese cambio ocasiona. Se sostiene que en un sistema socialista democrático de [...] be existir pluralidad de medios. Así mismo se señala la necesidad de democratizar el poder mediático, mediante su vinculación orgánica con distintos sectores sociales. Los medios deben proporcionar conocimientos sobre la realidad social y política que los ciudadanos requieren para su inserción, activa y consciente, en las estructuras de participación y de la contraloría social. Se propone la conformación de instancias de control social de los medios, en el marco de la absoluta vigencia de la libertad de expresión y del derecho la información Abstract in english Abstract This article discusses the role the media should fulfill in a socialist society. A first requirement is obviously a radical break with the editorial policies that characterize the private media and the disinformation that goes with it. It is argued that in a democratic socialist system ther [...] e should be a plurality of media. There is also a need to democratize the media, promoting organic links with different social sectors. The media should provide the knowledge of the political and social reality that the citizen needs in order to play a conscious and active role in political life. At the same time, there should be social control of the media within the context of an absolute respect for the liberty of opinion and the right to be informed

Olga, Dragnic.

2007-08-01

298

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

299

Social Media and Political Communication. Case Study – The Parliamentary Parties In Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine the extent to which parliamentary parties from Romania are using Social Media to promote their image and political messages, but also the level of participation of supporters in social networks. More than that, another objective of this paper aims to identify similarities between the hypothetical percentages of supporters of political parties in Social Media, electoral percentages of accessing the Romanian Parliament and the current political configuration of the Romanian Parliament. The research focused on comparative analysis of the ?de facto? representation of the parliamentary parties in the romanian community and the degree of representation in social networks. The Research method used is quantitative analysis of the online documents and working tool used is the traffic analysis and the degree of the participation in social networks.

T?nase Tasen?e

2013-04-01

300

The use of a social network analysis technique to investigate the characteristics of crew communications in nuclear power plants-A feasibility study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Effective and reliable communications are very important in securing the safety of human-involved large process control systems because human operators have to accomplish their tasks in cooperative ways. This means that it is very important to understand the characteristics of crew communications, which can provide useful insights for preventing inappropriate communications. Unfortunately, in the nuclear industry, a systematic framework that can be used to identify the characteristics of crew communications seems to be rare. For this reason, the applicability of the social network analysis (SNA) technique to identifying the characteristics of crew communications was investigated in this study. To this end, the communication data of operating crews working in the main control room (MCR) of nuclear power plants (NPPs) were collected under two kinds of simulated off-normal conditions. Then the communication characteristics of MCR operating crews, which can be represented by the associated SNA metrics, were compared with communication characteristics that are already known from existing studies. As a result, it was found that SNA metrics could be meaningful for explaining the communication characteristics of MCR operating crews. Accordingly, it is expected that the SNA technique can be used as one of the serviceable tools to investigate the characteristics of crew communications in NPPs. - Highlights: ? Communications are very important for the safety of complicated socortant for the safety of complicated socio-technical systems. ? A systematic framework to identify communication characteristics seems to be rare. ? The feasibility of the social network analysis (SNA) technique was investigated. ? It is expected that SNA metrics is meaningful for explaining communication characteristics.

301

¿Para qué sirve la semiótica?: una propuesta de resignificación de la mujer a través de la comunicación para el cambio social / What is semiotics for?: A proposal for the resignification of women through communication for social change  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este documento propone establecer puntos de encuentro entre las categorías mujer, semiótica y comunicación para el cambio social. El texto plantea como su eje central la idea de que una comunicación para la transformación social exige resignificar a la mujer en las distintas instancias del proceso c [...] omunicativo. El artículo explora, en primera instancia, contenidos teóricos sobre la semiótica, con el fin de ubicar su relación con un discurso crítico sobre el universo sígnico que los medios masivos proponen para la mujer. Una vez establecida esta mirada, se pretende estudiar la semiótica como componente fundamental de la comunicación para el cambio social en la medida en que posibilita generar actos narrativos de permanente re-significación humana Abstract in english This document proposes to establish points of contact between female categories, semiotics and communication for social change. The text asserts as its central theme the idea that communication for social transformation requires new meaning to women in different instances of the communication proces [...] s. The article explores in the first instance, contained theoretical semiotics, in order to locate her relationship with a critical discourse about the universe significant that the media offer for women. Hence, the purpose is to study semiotics as a fundamental component of communication for social change in the sense that facilitates the generation of narrative acts of permanent human re-signification

Luis Ricardo, Navarro Díaz.

2011-01-15

302

The social network and the geo-hydrological information: the CNR IRPI Facebook page as example of communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Good communication is a fundamental step for the spread of news and knowledge. The effectiveness and persuasiveness of a message is a function of the interaction of characteristics of the audience, the source of the message, and content of the message. Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) has been publishing information on geo-hydrological events using the Internet (http://sici.irpi.cnr.it/, http://webmap.irpi.cnr.it/, http://geomorphology.irpi.cnr.it/, http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it/, http://giida.irpi.cnr.it/, http://events.irpi.cnr.it/ ). Our websites are mainly visited by experts and the information are used for technical purposes. The contents and the interface of the websites are designed for this type of users. Our intention is to increase the type of users, and we are testing the use of social network to catch the wide public's attention. Social networks have emerged as critical factor in information dissemination, search, marketing expertise and influence discovery, and are an important channel for people to share information. Social scientist have long recognized the importance of social networks in the spread of information. Facebook and Twitter are the most widely used social networking services. They make it simpler to communicate with multiple people at one time. Social media may also make it easier for users to monitor activities of people (friends or followers). An official Facebook page of the Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI, https://www.facebook.com/CNR.IRPI ), was created and linked to a Twitter account. The purpose of this page is to disseminate information on flood and landslide events and on our research activities, in order to raise awareness of geo-hydrological matters among users. This page publishes news on current or historical landslide and flood events involving the Italian territory, or news from around the world collected on the network. The news are published as text or links to videos or photos collected from the network. Facebook provides statistics regarding access the page and the interactions that users have with the news published. These statistics make it possible to quantify the interest of the users to the content of the news (post events, new publication institute, etc.). The way the news are published (only in text mode, with photographic or video images), the novelty (current event or historical) and the location (events in Italy or abroad) are all messages characteristic's that increase the audience attention. This work has highlighted the significance of the characteristics that can draw the attention of the public regarding landslide and flood information.

Fiorucci, Federica; Bianchi, Cinzia; Marchesini, Ivan; Salvati, Paola; Fugnoli, Federico; Guzzetti, Fausto

2014-05-01

303

Ant pupae employ acoustics to communicate social status in their colony's hierarchy.  

OpenAIRE

The possession of an efficient communication system and an ability to distinguish between young stages are essential attributes that enable eusocial insects to live in complex integrated societies. Although ants communicate primarily via chemicals, it is increasingly clear that acoustical signals also convey important information, including status, between adults in many species. However, all immature stages were believed to be mute. We confirm that larvae and recently formed pupae of Myrmica...

Casacci, Luca P.; Thomas, Jeremy A.; Sala, Marco; Treanor, David; Bonelli, Simona; Balletto, Emilio; Schonrogge, Karsten

2013-01-01

304

Haploinsufficiency of the autism-associated Shank3 gene leads to deficits in synaptic function, social interaction, and social communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background SHANK3 is a protein in the core of the postsynaptic density (PSD and has a critical role in recruiting many key functional elements to the PSD and to the synapse, including components of ?-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA, metabotropic glutamate (mGlu and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA glutamate receptors, as well as cytoskeletal elements. Loss of a functional copy of the SHANK3 gene leads to the neurobehavioral manifestations of 22q13 deletion syndrome and/or to autism spectrum disorders. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of haploinsufficiency of full-length Shank3 in mice, focusing on synaptic development, transmission and plasticity, as well as on social behaviors, as a model for understanding SHANK3 haploinsufficiency in humans. Methods We used mice with a targeted disruption of Shank3 in which exons coding for the ankyrin repeat domain were deleted and expression of full-length Shank3 was disrupted. We studied synaptic transmission and plasticity by multiple methods, including patch-clamp whole cell recording, two-photon time-lapse imaging and extracellular recordings of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials. We also studied the density of GluR1-immunoreactive puncta in the CA1 stratum radiatum and carried out assessments of social behaviors. Results In Shank3 heterozygous mice, there was reduced amplitude of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents from hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons and the input-output (I/O relationship at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in acute hippocampal slices was significantly depressed; both of these findings indicate a reduction in basal neurotransmission. Studies with specific inhibitors demonstrated that the decrease in basal transmission reflected reduced AMPA receptor-mediated transmission. This was further supported by the observation of reduced numbers of GluR1-immunoreactive puncta in the stratum radiatum. Long-term potentiation (LTP, induced either with ?-burst pairing (TBP or high-frequency stimulation, was impaired in Shank3 heterozygous mice, with no significant change in long-term depression (LTD. In concordance with the LTP results, persistent expansion of spines was observed in control mice after TBP-induced LTP; however, only transient spine expansion was observed in Shank3 heterozygous mice. Male Shank3 heterozygotes displayed less social sniffing and emitted fewer ultrasonic vocalizations during interactions with estrus female mice, as compared to wild-type littermate controls. Conclusions We documented specific deficits in synaptic function and plasticity, along with reduced reciprocal social interactions in Shank3 heterozygous mice. Our results are consistent with altered synaptic development and function in Shank3 haploinsufficiency, highlighting the importance of Shank3 in synaptic function and supporting a link between deficits in synapse function and neurodevelopmental disorders. The reduced glutamatergic transmission that we observed in the Shank3 heterozygous mice represents an interesting therapeutic target in Shank3-haploinsufficiency syndromes.

Bozdagi Ozlem

2010-12-01

305

Discurso, Comunicación y poder: máscaras, distinción y exclusiones sociales / Discourse, communication and power: masks, distinction and social exclusions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hallazgo de la imagen masacrada de un Cristo en su santuario ubicado en las alturas de la Quebrada de Humahuaca, conmociona a la feligresía de la localidad ubicada en las cercanías. Pasado el primer momento de estupor, se suceden las suposiciones en torno a los autores del hecho; así como las dis [...] cusiones posteriores en pro de su restauración o reemplazo. Se hacen manifiestos diversos relatos que giran en torno a la confección de la figura original del Cristo, a la de la Virgen que se encontraba en un camarín cercano. Se alude también a la actuación de un sacerdote, representante de la Teología de la Liberación; el que fue cuestionado ya hace algunos años y aún hasta hoy, por un sector de la sociedad local y provincial. El discurso de la narrativa oral, acerca de esta temática, puede mostrarnos la conceptualización de parte de la "realidad social". Interesa ver cómo los relatos orales están mostrando, en su contenido semántico, una manera de ver el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, mediante su organización formal están estructurando, también, una forma de categorizar al mundo social. Categorías, esquemas, modelos son los conceptos eje que guían nuestra búsqueda; y que permiten hacer inferencias acerca de las relaciones del poder local. También las menciones que aparecieron en conversaciones informales permiten explicar la postura discursiva de los emisores. El analisis de estas menciones nos ofrece datos que se pueden relacionar con el accionar directo o simbólico de diversas instituciones disciplinarias actuantes en nuestra sociedad. Abstract in english The discovery of a destroyed Christ graven image in his sanctuary situated in the heights of the Quebrada de Humahuaca, shocks the local parishioners in the outskirts of the sanctuary. After the first moment of stupor, suppositions about the perpetrators of the incident are made; the same as the lat [...] er discussions in favour of its restoration or replacement. Several tales that evolve around the making of the original Christ's figure and the virgin, who was in a nearby small chapel are manifested. It is also alluded to the intervention of a priest, representative of the Theology of the Liberation, who was questioned, a few years ago and even until today, by a sector of the local and provincial society. The discourse of oral narrative, about this theme, can show us the conceptualization, from the "social reality". It is interesting to see how oral tales show, in their semantic contents, a way to see the world. At the same time, by means of its formal organization, they are structuring, too, a way to categorize the social world. Categories, outlines, models are the central concepts that guide our search; and the ones that allow to make inferences about the local power relations. Also the mentions that appeared in informal conversations allow explaining the addresser´s discursive positioning.The analysis of what we have mentioned offers us pieces of information that are related to each other.

Flora, Losada.

2005-05-01

306

EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AND SOCIALIZATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN AS A COMMUNICATION  

OpenAIRE

In this work, the author actualizes one of the many important questions that determine the educational process in function of the socialization of mentally retarded children compulsory connected with ordinary living.

Lozanovski, Dimitar

1998-01-01

307

Can autistic traits present in the normal population determine social communication abilities? An investigation into correlations between AQ score and performance in communication tasks testing audience design and lexical alignment.  

OpenAIRE

This study explored the concept of the Autistic Spectrum (Wing (1988)), and the theory that autistic traits of varying severity can be identified and measured in the general population using Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Skinner, Martin and Clubley’s (2001) Autism-Spectrum Quotient. It was hypothesised that variation in the levels of autistic traits present in the normal population might determine social communication abilities. This was tested using two referential communication tasks. The fir...

Baring, Rosalind M. B.

2009-01-01

308

The complexity of social mobilization in health communication: top-down and bottom-up experiences in polio eradication.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) has been one of the most ambitious global health efforts in recent times. Social mobilization (SM) has been a strategic component of the PEI. Yet, a close-up analysis of SM dynamics seems to be lacking in the health communication literature. We examine critical aspects of the PEI experience in an attempt to move from dominant informational perspectives to a focus on emerging challenges in polio eradication efforts and new levels of complexity to SM. We examine available literature on communication and public health, available data on SM experiences that support polio eradication in Africa and Asia, and field work conducted by the authors where polio eradication efforts are ongoing. Our analysis suggests that (1) SM should not be casually approached as a top-down informational strategy to advance pre-established health goals; (2) centralized strategies hardly amount to SM; and (3) hybrid options that combine both activist and pragmatic SM are concrete possibilities for global health initiatives. In the context of renewed global democratization and persistent conflicts rooted in ethnicity, religion, and economics, it cannot be assumed that communities will either diligently espouse global goals or necessarily oppose them. Communication and SM strategies should rely on a clear understanding of the motives and agendas of involved actors. Resistance or opposition are important analytical dimensions as they may uncover new opportunities for effective health interventions. Further studies using these perspectives should be a priority for global health programs, including studies of the trust level, or lack thereof, among social actors. PMID:20455165

Obregón, Rafael; Waisbord, Silvio

2010-01-01

309

The Snowtweets Project: communicating snow depth measurements from specialists and non-specialists via mobile communication technologies and social networks  

Science.gov (United States)

With the global decline of in situ snow measurements for hydrometeorological applications, there is an evolving need to find alternative ways to collect localized measurements of snow. The Snowtweets Project is an experiment aimed at providing a way for people interested in making snow measurements to quickly broadcast their measurements to the internet. The goal of the project is to encourage specialists and non-specialists alike to share simple snow depth measurements through widely available social networking sites. We are currently using the rapidly growing microblogging site Twitter (www.twitter.com) as a broadcasting vehicle to collect the snow depth measurements. Using 140 characters or less, users "tweet" their snow depth from their location through the Twitter website. This can be done from a computer or smartphone with internet access or through SMS messaging. The project has developed a Snowtweets web application that interrogates Twitter by parsing the 140 character string to obtain a geographic position and snow depth. GeoRSS and KML feeds are available to visualize the tweets in GoogleEarth or they can be viewed in our own visualiser, Snowbird. The emphasis is on achieving wide coverage to increase the number of microblogs. Furthermore, after some quality control filters, the project is able to combine the broadcast snow depths with traditional and objective satellite remote sensing-based observations or hydrologic model estimates. Our site, snowcore.uwaterloo.ca, was launched in July 2009 and is ready for the 2009-2010 northern hemisphere winter. We invite comments from experienced community participation projects to help improve our product.

King, J. M.; Cabrera, A. R.; Kelly, R. E.

2009-12-01

310

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles only, and preference was given to randomized controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Repetitive strain injuries result from repeated stress to the body's soft tissue structures including muscles, tendons, and nerves. They often occur in patients who perform repetitive movements either in their jobs or in extracurricular activities. Common RSIs include tendon-related disorders, such as rotator cuff tendonitis, and peripheral nerve entrapment disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. A careful history and physical examination often lead to the diagnosis, but newer imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound, can help in refractory cases. Conservative management with medication, physiotherapy, or bracing is the mainstay of treatment. Surgery is reserved for cases that do not respond to treatment. CONCLUSION: Repetitive strain injury is common; primary care physicians must establish a diagnosis and, more importantly, its relationship to occupation. Treatment can be offered by family physicians who refer to specialists for cases refractory to conservative management.

Stanish WD

2001-02-01

311

Use of social communication as a tool for environmental licensing of small-scale hydroelectric power plants; Uso da comunicacao social como instrumento para o licenciamento ambiental de PCH - pequenas centrais hidreletricas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present work intends to study the process of environmental licensing of the Small ones Central Hydroelectric (PCHs) through the rising of the legal framework of the referred process and to analyze the application of tools of social communication in the mitigation of the social impacts in the zone of influence of the enterprise. Through the analysis of the critical points in the environmental licensing of small hydroelectric uses and evaluation of communication actions taking in consideration the environmental costs for the enterprise. (author)

Tiago Filho, Geraldo Lucio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais], e-mail: tiago@unifei.edu.br; Galhardo, Camila Rocha [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Pequenas Centrais Hidreletricas (CERPCH), MG (Brazil)], e-mail: pchnoticias@unifei.edu.br

2006-07-01

312

Comunicação Comunitária: uma disciplina de formação sociopolítica e de intervenção social / Community Communication: discipline training sociopolitical and social intervention / Comunicación Comunitaria: una disciplina de formación sociopolítica y intervención social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A disciplina Comunicação Comunitária ofertada para as habilitações de Jornalismo e de Relações Públicas do curso de Comunicação Social da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL/PR) tem representado para os estudantes de graduação na área um dos mais importantes espaços de formação sociopolítica, bem [...] como a possibilidade de produção de uma experiência de intervenção social. Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a experiência de oferta da referida disciplina, considerando a necessidade da ampliação de espaços de reflexão e de discussão política a respeito do papel da Universidade e sobre o compromisso do profissional com a sociedade, a partir de algumas reflexões baseadas em Paulo Freire e Antonio Gramsci. Por meio de uma breve análise do conteúdo programático da disciplina e do relato de algumas experiências, com a realização de projetos de intervenção social desenvolvidos no contexto da disciplina, observa-se uma qualificação política no processo de formação acadêmica, na perspectiva de constituição de um sujeito social crítico e emancipado. Abstract in spanish La disciplina Comunicación Comunitaria que se ofrece a las calificaciones de Periodismo y Relaciones Públicas del curso de Comunicación Social de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina (UEL/PR) ha representado a los estudiantes graduados en el área una de las zonas más importantes de la formación sociop [...] olítica, así como la posibilidad de producir una experiencia de intervención social. Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la experiencia de suministro de tal disciplina, teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de aumentar los espacios para la reflexión y el debate político sobre el papel de la universidad y en el compromiso del profesional con la sociedad, a partir de algunas reflexiones basadas en Paulo Freire y Antonio Gramsci. A través de un breve análisis del programa de la materia y el relato de algunas experiências, con la realización de proyectos de intervención social desarrollados en el contexto de la disciplina, observamos una calificación política del proceso de aprendizaje académico, en la perspectiva de constitución de un sujeto social crítico y emancipado. Abstract in english The discipline Community Communication offered to the qualifications of Journalism and Public Relations course in Social Communication from the State University of Londrina (UEL/PR) has represented to graduate students in the area one of the most important areas of sociopolitical formation, as well [...] the possibility of producing a social experience intervention. This article aims to analyze the experience of supply of such discipline, considering the need of increasing spaces for reflection and political discussion about the role of the university and on the professional's commitment to society, from some reflections based on Paulo Freire and Antonio Gramsci. Through a brief analysis of the syllabus of the subject and the reporting of some experiences, with the realization of social intervention projects developed in the context of the discipline, there is a political qualification of the academic learning process, in view of the constitution of a subject social critic and emancipated.

Rozinaldo Antonio, Miani.

2014-06-01

313

Urban Uses and Social Impact of New Communication Technology: A Critical and Philosophical Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of the new communication technology is analyzed in this paper in the context of cities and urbanization. The paper explores the concurrent decline of central cities and that of the mass media, as well as the rise of decentralization and "suburbanization" and the rise in media specialization. It suggests that the increase in multiple…

Burd, Gene

314

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

CMS Centres, Outreach and the 7 TeV Media Event The new CMS Communications group is now established and is addressing three areas that are critical to CMS as it enters the physics operations phase: - Communications Infrastructure, including almost 50 CMS Centres Worldwide, videoconferencing systems, and CERN meeting rooms - Information systems, including the internal and external Web sites as well as the document preparation and management systems - Outreach and Education activities, including working with print, radio and TV media, visits to CMS, and exhibitions. The group has been active in many areas, with the highest priority being accorded to needs of CMS operations and preparations for the major media event planned for 7 TeV collisions. Unfortunately the CMS Centre@CERN suffered a major setback when, on 21st December, a cooling water pipe froze and burst on the floor above the CMS Centre main room. Water poured through the ceiling, flooding the floor and soaking some of the consoles, before e...

L. Taylor and D. Barney

2010-01-01

315

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

The organisation of the Open Days at the end of September was the single biggest effort of the CMS Communications Group this year. We would like to thank all volunteers for their hard work to show our Point 5 facilities and explain science and technology to the general public. During two days more than 5,000 people visited the CMS detector underground and profited from the surface activities, which included an exhibition on CMS, a workshop on superconductivity, and an activity for our younger visitors involving wooden Kapla blocks. The Communications Group took advantage of the preparations to produce new CMS posters that can be reused at other venues. Event display images have been produced not just for this occasion but also for other exhibits, education purposes, publications etc. During the Open Days, Gilles Jobin, 2012 winner of CERN Collide@CERN prize, performed his Quantum show in Point 5, with the light installation of German artist Julius von Bismarck. Image 3: CERN Open Days at CMS wel...

A. Petrilli

2013-01-01

316

Repetitions in beta-integers  

CERN Document Server

Classical crystals are solid materials containing arbitrarily long periodic repetitions of a single motif. In this paper, we study the maximal possible repetition of the same motif occurring in beta-integers -- one dimensional models of quasicrystals. We are interested in beta-integers realizing only a finite number of distinct distances between neighboring elements. In such a case, the problem may be reformulated in terms of combinatorics on words as a study of the index of infinite words coding beta-integers. We will solve a particular case for beta being a quadratic non-simple Parry number.

Balková, L; Pelantová, E

2008-01-01

317

How to Promote Social Approval: Effects of Audience and Achievement Outcome on Publicly Communicated Attributions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Students' understanding of attributional self-presentation strategies that facilitate adults' and peers' social approval in achievement situations was examined in 2 experiments involving the same 48 eighth graders. Results suggest that adolescents possess very sophisticated knowledge about attributional principles and the expectations and concerns…

Juvonen, Jaana; Murdock, Tamera B.

1993-01-01

318

Social Demand of New Generation Information Network: Introduction to High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

In this section, first, current situation of traffic growth and penetration of broadband services are described. Then social demand, technical issues, and research trend for future information network in the United States, Europe, and Japan are described. Finally, a detailed construction of this book is introduced.

Kamiya, Takeshi; Miyazaki, Tetsuya; Kubota, Fumito

319

social  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El artículo parte de considerar al neoliberalismo y su cristalización en América Latina como un patrón de poder regional, esto es, un formato específico de acumulación dentro de la reproducción polarizante centro-periferia. Desde este ángulo, se aborda la expansión y naturalización de prácticas sociales mercantilizadas a partir de dos ejes: el de la construcción ideológica y su relación con la política económica, y el de la subjetividad social. Finalmente, se examinan dos escenarios potenciales en la coyuntura actual: el de un neoliberalismo con "rostro humano" o, alternativamente, el de ampliación de grietas sociales hacia la conformación de otro patrón de poder.

Alfredo Falero Cirigliano

2005-01-01

320

English version: Latin American Journal of Social Communication (Revista Latina de Comunicación Social) in the social network Facebook : Spanish version: Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, en la red social Facebook  

OpenAIRE

[English abstract] The new spaces for 'dialogue' and two-way direct interaction, which have been promoted by the incorporation of Web 2.0 tools, have transformed the traditional models of scientific dissemination, and the study of communication models when trying to link these types of relationships with the need of identifying the essential characteristics of the users. In this sense, the objective of this article is to analyse the academic dissemination and connections that the Revista Lati...

Herrero-gutie?rrez, Francisco Javier; A?lvarez-nobell, Alejandro; Lo?pez-ornelas, Maricela

2011-01-01

321

Parenting Across the Social Ecology Facilitated by Information and Communications Technology: Implications for Research and Educational Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To inform parenting research and aid educators seeking to deliver programs that support effective parenting, this study explored types of information and communications technology (ICT used to fulfill childrearing goals. Mothers’ (N = 1,804 reports of ICT activity frequency were examined from data collected from an online survey. Results suggest that mothers’ ICT use for parenting is less frequent than general use in adulthood. Mothers employ ICT to fulfill parenting goals within and across five domains of the parenting social ecology: (a parent development, (b parent-child relationships, (c child development, (d, family development, and (e culture and community. Several types of ICT activities may strengthen parenting in a single domain, and a single ICT activity may help fulfill multiple domains. Implications for research and for promoting and selecting ICT for effective parent learning and education design are discussed.

Susan K. Walker

2014-06-01

322

College student alcohol abuse prevention: Using social norms within a health communication campaign  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to compare a theory-based, audience-targeted health communication campaign addressing college student alcohol abuse prevention with traditional campus prevention efforts. More specifically, the campaign intervention, based on the Misperceived Norms Model, attempted to align students' perceived alcohol use norms regarding binge drinking with actual use norms, and thus decrease student binge drinking. The pre-test phase of this study involved the distribution of th...

Bailey, Kelley Christine Walter

2000-01-01

323

The evolution of self-organizing communication networks in high-risk social-ecological systems  

OpenAIRE

Recently published research shows that members of regional communication networks form links based on how risky their exchanges with others may be: low-risk situations favor the creation of bridging structures that solve coordination problems, whereas high-risk situations lead to the establishment of bonding structures that make detection and punishment of defection more likely. This basic expectation has been tested in low-risk regional arenas, where indeed more bridging structures formed...

Ramiro Berardo

2014-01-01

324

CityVille: collaborative game play, communication and skill development in social networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper has as its aim to analyze how CityVille, a videogame hosted on Facebook and oriented to the construction of a virtual city, can favor collaboration between gamers along with the exchange of strategies, equally contributing to learning transfer and skill acquisition. The first step consists in identifying the opportunities which the said game can offer in order to develop skills and promote learning formats linked with planning and resource management, after which a presentation is made of the opinions expressed by a sample of gamers (N=105 –belonging to the Fans-CityVille community– about the priorities established by them to communicate with their neighbors and the skills that they believe to have acquired playing this game. 85.7% of them state that they communicate with others to share strategies and expand their city. Unlike women, who value collaboration, men prioritize competition. Designing their city has enhanced a number of gamer skills in different proportions: creative skills (71.4%; organizational ones (68.0%; skills associated with decision-making and problem-solving (67.0%; and interpersonal skills through interaction with others (61.9%. The CityVille game mode favors skill development and helps to create a ludic atmosphere of collaboration and optimal strategy exchange through communication between neighbors by strengthening their mutual relationships. Its formula moves away from the often-criticized competitive practices of other games.  

María-Esther Del-Moral Pérez

2014-01-01

325

A Generalization of Repetition Threshold  

CERN Document Server

Brandenburg and (implicitly) Dejean introduced the concept of repetition threshold: the smallest real number alpha such that there exists an infinite word over a k-letter alphabet that avoids beta-powers for all beta>alpha. We generalize this concept to include the lengths of the avoided words. We give some conjectures supported by numerical evidence and prove one of these conjectures.

Ilie, L; Ilie, Lucian; Shallit, Jeffrey

2003-01-01

326

Repetitive elements in parasitic protozoa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract A recent paper published in BMC Genomics suggests that retrotransposition may be active in the human gut parasite Entamoeba histolytica. This adds to our knowledge of the various types of repetitive elements in parasitic protists and the potential influence of such elements on pathogenicity. See research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/11/321

Clayton Christine

2010-05-01

327

The Socio-Communicational Style and the Need for Supervision of Professionals from the Social Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper aims to make an analysis of the way supervision is perceived in the Romanian professional community working with people in difficulty. Defining supervision includes four dimensions: a professional view, in which supervision is seen as a part of the integration process and professional development; a social support dimension; a third emphasizes learning, supervision as education, teaching; and the last dimension is that of control. In this study we performed a research on professionals involved in supervision: psychologists and social workers. Our findings show that education is the best accepted way of seeing supervision, while that of control is the most rejected one. A huge majority 94.5% of the investigated professionals appreciate the role of supervision. Approximately 50% of the subjects see the supervisor as educator. Professional development and professional learning are seen as the advantages of supervision.

Patricia-Luciana RUNCAN

2012-06-01

328

An Analysis of the Effects of Communication Skills Training Provided to the Mothers of Six-Year-Old Children on the Social Skills of Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to analyze the effects of communication skills training program provided to the mothers on the social skills of their children. The study uses pre- and post- tests control group design. Experiment and control groups consisted of a total of 30 six-year-old children who were enrolled in nursery school. Experiment group consisted of…

Erbay, Filiz; Arslan, Emel; Cagdas, Aysel

2011-01-01

329

Attitudes, Norms and Standardization in English: Some Aspects of the Language in Its Social Context; Metapragmatics and Chauncey Gardener: Toward an Ecology of Communication. ROLIG-papir 50.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two papers address different issues in linguistic theory. "Attitudes, Norms and Standardization in English: Some Aspects of the Language In Its Social Context," by Bent Preisler, looks at how attitudes affect language norms and ultimately, standardization in British and U.S. English. It begins with the attitudes and communicative patterns of…

Preisler, Bent; Caffi, Claudia

330

Commentary: Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Testing Social Communication Interventions for Young Children with Autism--Reflections on Landa, Holman, O'Neill, and Stuart (2011)  

Science.gov (United States)

Impairments in social communication are the core diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In the past two decades findings from important clinical research studies have translated into improvements in understanding and practice, for example leading to a reduction in the age at which autism is commonly first recognised and diagnosed…

Charman, Tony

2011-01-01

331

Social marketing-based communications to integrate and support the HEALTHY study intervention  

OpenAIRE

The HEALTHY study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter, middle school-based, multifaceted intervention designed to reduce risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The study randomized 42 middle schools to intervention or control, and followed students from the sixth to the eighth grades. Participants were a racially, ethnically and geographically diverse cohort from across the United States. Here, we describe the conceptual underpinnings and design of the social marketing-bas...

Debar, Ll; Schneider, M.; Ford, Eg; Hernandez, Ae; Showell, B.; Drews, Kl; Moe, El; Gillis, B.; Jessup, An; Stadler, Dd; White, M.

2009-01-01

332

Communicating social inclusiveness: Paul Slabolepszy’s Fordsburg’s Finest (1997)  

OpenAIRE

Paul Slabolepszy is a well-known South African playwright whose socially inclusive plays appeal to broad national and international multi-cultural audiences. His ability to reflect an authentic South African landscape with its stormy political background, diverse cultures and inhabitants, and to evoke empathy for all of his diverse characters within this South African milieu, adds to the dramatic impact of his plays. In his play, Fordsburg’s Finest (1997), Slabolepszy depicts an empowered w...

Deventer, M. A.

2004-01-01

333

The Customer Satisfaction in a Non Profit Context: the Role of Social Responsibility and its Communication  

OpenAIRE

In recent management literature the concept of CSR has evolved gradually enlarging its domain and giving birth to several theories, theoretical frameworks, approaches and terminologies (Garriga and Melé, 2004). Given this theoretical plurality on the topic, the way marketing scholars have approached the social responsibility of marketing at first (starting from the forerunner contribution of Kotler, 1972) and then the effectiveness of CSR on firms’ marketing performances (e.g. Brown and Da...

Andreini, Daniela; Pedeliento, Giuseppe; Signori, Silvana

2012-01-01

334

Narratives and Images Used by Public Communication Campaigns Addressing Social Determinants of Health and Health Disparities  

OpenAIRE

Researchers have increasingly focused on how social determinants of health (SDH) influence health outcomes and disparities. They have also explored strategies for raising public awareness and mobilizing support for policies to address SDH, with particular attention to narrative and image-based information. These efforts will need to overcome low public awareness and concern about SDH; few organized campaigns; and limited descriptions of existing message content. To begin addressing these chal...

Clarke, Christopher E.; Niederdeppe, Jeff; Lundell, Helen C.

2012-01-01

335

The understanding of management through entrepreneurship in the degree of Social Communication  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays, entrepreneurship is a present and active subject in the different societies where the difference lies in the levels attained, namely the social, economical, cultural and political ones. In the more developed societies, entrepreneurship is not only a business concept, but also a concept of life, in so far as it is part of a group of changes that lead on to the building of a certain development that cannot be attained at any price, but should be sustainable, that is,...

Bucha, Agostinho

2013-01-01

336

Assessing Autism-like Behavior in Mice: Variations in Social Interactions Among Inbred Strains.  

OpenAIRE

Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder, with characteristics including impairments in reciprocal social interaction, impaired communication, and repetitive/stereotyped behaviors. Despite decades of research, the etiology of autism remains elusive. Thus, it is important that we pursue all avenues, in attempting to understand this complicated disorder. One such avenue is the development of animal models. While autism may be uniquely human, there are behavioral characteristics of the disor...

Bolivar, Valerie J.; Walters, Samantha R.; Phoenix, Jennifer L.

2007-01-01

337

Social networks improve leaderless group navigation by facilitating long-distance communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Group navigation is of great importance for many animals, such as migrating flocks of birds or shoals of fish. One theory states that group membership can improve navigational accuracy compared to limited or less accurate individual navigational ability in groups without leaders (“Many-wrongs principle”. Here, we simulate leaderless group navigation that includes social connections as preferential interactions between individuals. Our results suggest that underlying social networks can reduce navigational errors of groups and increase group cohesion. We use network summary statistics, in particular network motifs, to study which characteristics of networks lead to these improvements. It is networks in which preferences between individuals are not clustered, but spread evenly across the group that are advantageous in group navigation by effectively enhancing long-distance information exchange within groups. We suggest that our work predicts a base-line for the type of social structure we might expect to find in group-living animals that navigate without leaders [Current Zoology 58 (2: 329-341, 2012].

Nikolai W. F. BODE, A. Jamie WOOD, Daniel W. FRANKS

2012-04-01

338

Does Facebook promote self-interest? Enactment of indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networking sites decreases prosocial behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Communication tools on social networking sites (SNSs) provide users with an efficient way to distribute information to the public and/or their friends simultaneously. In this article, we show that this kind of indiscriminate one-to-many (i.e., monologue) communication, in which the diverse interests of recipients are not considered, may induce a tendency toward egocentrism that interferes with other-oriented concerns, resulting in a reduced inclination to display prosocial behavior. In Experiment 1, participants induced to post a public communication subsequently allocated less money to anonymous strangers in the dictator game than did control participants. In Experiment 2, participants directing a post about participation in an experiment to their Facebook friends volunteered to help code fewer data sheets than did controls. Moreover, an egocentric state was shown to mediate the relationship between indiscriminate one-to-many communication and helping behavior. We provide the first demonstration that indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networks may be associated with a tendency toward self-interest. Our results suggest that the prevalence of monologue communication on SNSs may induce an egocentric tendency that undermines the likelihood of prosocial behavior. PMID:24102570

Chiou, Wen-Bin; Chen, Szu-Wei; Liao, Da-Chi

2014-02-01

339

Communication of Social Agents and the Digital City - A Semiotic Perspective  

CERN Document Server

This paper investigates the concept of digital city. First, a functional analysis of a digital city is made in the light of the modern study of urbanism; similarities between the virtual and urban constructions are pointed out. Next, a semiotic perspective on the subject matter is elaborated, and a terminological basis is introduced to treat a digital city as a self-organizing meaning-producing system intended to support social or spatial navigation. An explicit definition of a digital city is formulated. Finally, the proposed approach is discussed, conclusions are given, and future work is outlined.

Kryssanov, V V; Kakusho, K; Minoh, M; Kryssanov, Victor V.; Okabe, Masayuki; Kakusho, Koh; Minoh, Michihiko

2006-01-01

340

Comunicar la responsabilidad social, una opción de éxito empresarial poco explorada / Communicating social responsibility, an option of corporative success to be explored in more detail / Comunicar a responsabilidade social, uma opção de sucesso empresarial pouco explorada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O presente escrito propõe um trabalho mancomunado entre a comunicação organizacional e a responsabilidade social empresarial não como panaceia ou resposta definitiva a todas as dificuldades, mas sim como uma opção de sucesso organizacional que se enfoca em primeira medida no reforço dos processos in [...] ternos com o fim de que isto se projete para o exterior. Para contextualizar isto se faz um percurso pelas diferentes situações que deveram ultrapassar as organizações já que a projeção para o exterior entendida como competitividade obrigou às empresas a realizar mudanças em sua produtividade e, portanto nos processos internos; implacáveis mudanças e exigências do mercado que se vêm dando desde faz já várias décadas mas que ainda referem esforços e geram dificuldades. A proposta sugere que não é suficiente fazer responsabilidade social empresarial, é necessário comunicá-la, mas não somente para o exterior como foi costume até hoje, é vital integrar ao público interno primeiro que tudo, contando com que isto atrai um inumerável de benefícios que vão além da produtividade, como o sentido de pertence, o compromisso, a motivação, a satisfação no cargo e o trabalho em equipe, entre outros. Abstract in spanish El presente escrito propone un trabajo mancomunado entre la comunicación organizacional y la responsabilidad social empresarial no como panacea o respuesta definitiva a todas las dificultades pero sí como una opción de éxito organizacional que se enfoca en primera medida en el refuerzo de los proces [...] os internos con el fin de que esto se proyecte hacia el exterior. Para contextualizar esto se hace un recorrido por las diferentes situaciones que han debido sobrepasar las organizaciones ya que la proyección hacia el exterior entendida como competitividad, ha obligado a las empresas a realizar cambios en su productividad y por ende en los procesos internos; implacables cambios y exigencias del mercado que se vienen dando desde hace ya varias décadas pero que aún refieren esfuerzos y generan dificultades. El planteamiento sugiere que no es suficiente hacer responsabilidad social empresarial, es necesario comunicarla, pero no solamente hacia el exterior como ha sido costumbre hasta hoy, es vital integrar al público interno primero que todo, contando con que esto atrae un sinnúmero de beneficios que van más allá de la productividad, como el sentido de pertenencia, el compromiso, la motivación, la satisfacción en el cargo y el trabajo en equipo, entre otros. Abstract in english This paper proposes a join work between organizational communication and social responsibility no as a panacea or a definite response to all the difficulties, but as an option of organizational success primarily focused on the reinforcement of internal processes and projecting that success externall [...] y. In order to give this idea an appropriate context, a journey going through the variety of situations that have had to be surpassed by organizations, given the fact that the external projection understood as competitiveness has made companies make changes in their productivity and, therefore, in their internal processes. Those changes and demands of the market have been taking place during the last decades and still require efforts and bring difficulties. The proposal suggests that it is not enough to make social responsibility. It has to be communicated and that communication must not be only external, as it has been so far, but internal, involving those stakeholders who are inside the organization, as a priority. This brings a priceless number of benefits that go beyond productivity such as sense of belonging, commitment, motivation, satisfaction and teamwork, among others.

Esther Julia, Castaño González.

2011-07-01

341

Repetitive learning control of continuous chaotic systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Combining a shift method and the repetitive learning strategy, a repetitive learning controller is proposed to stabilize unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) within chaotic attractors in the sense of least mean square. If nonlinear parts in chaotic systems satisfy Lipschitz condition, the proposed controller can be simplified into a simple proportional repetitive learning controller

342

Repetitively pulsed vacuum insulator flashover  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Experiments were performed to determine the flashover strength of various vacuum insulators under conditions of repetitive pulsing. The pulse duration was 30 ns, and the thickness of a typical insulator sample was 1.8 cm. Data were taken for 450 insulators from five different materials. An insulator was subjected to an extended series of pulses at a given repetition rate and field. If flashover was not detected, the field level was increased and the sequence repeated. At rates up to 50 pulses per second, there was no apparent dependence of flashover field on rate. In addition, some ''single shot'' data were taken, including various modifications of the geometries and surface textures of the insulators. Only two to the modifications increased the flashover strength significantly over that of a 450 sample: (1) annealing some plastics (roughly a 35% increase), and (2) extending the insulator to cover the surfaces of both electrodes (an increase of nearly a factor of two)

343

Communication Strategies  

OpenAIRE

This project focuses on the oil company, Shell, and their way of conducting themselves on social media sites, specifically Facebook and twitter. We establish this by using social media theory, and corporate campaign theories, and applying these to the content that Shell puts out on these particular social media sites. Furthermore, the project establishes a critical evaluation of the weight and presence of social media within modern corporate communication and issue management.

Strate, Simon Wolter; Loznica, Javor; Nærland, Kristoffer; Skipper, Mads Christian; Jensen, Charlotte Haagen

2013-01-01

344

Pathogen Alarm Behavior in a Termite: A New Form of Communication in Social Insects  

Science.gov (United States)

Dampwood termites, Zootermopsis angusticollis, show an alarm response after detecting the presence of spores of the pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. Termites in direct contact with a high concentration of spores (107 spores/ml) show a striking vibratory display which appears to convey information about the presence of pathogens to nearby unexposed nestmates through substrate vibration. Nestmates not directly in contact with spores that perceive the vibrational signal increase significantly their distance from the spore-exposed vibrating termites, apparently to escape from the source of infection. The fleeing response is not induced by the presence of the spores alone or by pheromones, and requires the perception of the vibrations propagated through the substrate. This "pathogen alarm behavior" appears to be a previously unrecognized communication mechanism that allows termites to reduce disease risks within the nest.

Rosengaus, R. B.; Jordan, C.; Lefebvre, M. L.; Traniello, J. F. A.

345

Chromosome specific repetitive DNA sequences  

Science.gov (United States)

A method is provided for determining specific nucleotide sequences useful in forming a probe which can identify specific chromosomes, preferably through in situ hybridization within the cell itself. In one embodiment, chromosome preferential nucleotide sequences are first determined from a library of recombinant DNA clones having families of repetitive sequences. Library clones are identified with a low homology with a sequence of repetitive DNA families to which the first clones respectively belong and variant sequences are then identified by selecting clones having a pattern of hybridization with genomic DNA dissimilar to the hybridization pattern shown by the respective families. In another embodiment, variant sequences are selected from a sequence of a known repetitive DNA family. The selected variant sequence is classified as chromosome specific, chromosome preferential, or chromosome nonspecific. Sequences which are classified as chromosome preferential are further sequenced and regions are identified having a low homology with other regions of the chromosome preferential sequence or with known sequences of other family me This invention is the result of a contract with the Department of Energy (Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36).

Moyzis, Robert K. (Los Alamos, NM); Meyne, Julianne (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01

346

Social dataset analysis and mapping tools for Risk Perception: resilience, people preparation and communication tools  

Science.gov (United States)

Perception has been identified as resource and part of the resilience of a community to disasters. Risk perception, if present, may determine the potential damage a household or community experience. Different levels of risk perception and preparedness can influence directly people's susceptibility and the way they might react in case of an emergency caused by natural hazards. In spite of the profuse literature about risk perception, works to spatially portray this feature are really scarce. The spatial relationship to danger or hazard is being recognised as an important factor of the risk equation; it can be used as a powerful tool either for better knowledge or for operational reasons (e.g. management of preventive information). Risk perception and people's awareness when displayed in a spatial format can be useful for several actors in the risk management arena. Local authorities and civil protection can better address educational activities to increase the preparation of particularly vulnerable groups of clusters of households within a community. It can also be useful for the emergency personal in order to optimally direct the actions in case of an emergency. In the framework of the Marie Curie Research Project, a Community Based Early Warning System (CBEWS) it's been developed in the Mountain Community Valtellina of Tirano, northern Italy. This community has been continuously exposed to different mass movements and floods, in particular, a large event in 1987 which affected a large portion of the valley and left 58 dead. The actual emergency plan for the study area is composed by a real time, highly detailed, decision support system. This emergency plan contains detailed instructions for the rapid deployment of civil protection and other emergency personal in case of emergency, for risk scenarios previously defined. Especially in case of a large event, where timely reaction is crucial for reducing casualties, it is important for those in charge of emergency management, to know in advance the different levels of risk perception and preparedness existing among several sectors of the population. Knowing where the most vulnerable population is located may optimize the use of resources, better direct the initial efforts and organize the evacuation and attention procedures. As part of the CBEWS, a comprehensive survey was applied in the study area to measure, among others features, the levels of risk perception, preparation and information received about natural hazards. After a statistical and direct analysis on a complete social dataset recorded, a spatial information distribution is actually in progress. Based on boundaries features (municipalities and sub-districts) of Italian Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a local scale background has been granted (a private address level is not accessible for privacy rules so the local districts-ID inside municipality has been the detail level performed) and a spatial location of the surveyed population has been completed. The geometric component has been defined and actually it is possible to create a local distribution of social parameters derived from perception questionnaries results. A lot of raw information and social-statistical analysis offer different mirror and "visual concept" of risk perception. For this reason a concrete complete GeoDB is under working for the complete organization of the dataset. By a technical point of view the environment for data sharing is based on a complete open source web-service environment, to offer manually-made and user-friendly interface to this kind of information. Final aim is to offer different switches of dataset, using the same scale prototype and data hierarchical structure, to provide and compare social location of risk perception in the most detailed level.

Peters-Guarin, Graciela; Garcia, Carolina; Frigerio, Simone

2010-05-01

347

Confirmatory factor analytic structure and measurement invariance of quantitative autistic traits measured by the social responsiveness scale-2.  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the factor structure of autistic symptomatology is critical to the discovery and interpretation of causal mechanisms in autism spectrum disorder. We applied confirmatory factor analysis and assessment of measurement invariance to a large (N = 9635) accumulated collection of reports on quantitative autistic traits using the Social Responsiveness Scale, representing a broad diversity of age, severity, and reporter type. A two-factor structure (corresponding to social communication impairment and restricted, repetitive behavior) as elaborated in the updated Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) criteria for autism spectrum disorder exhibited acceptable model fit in confirmatory factor analysis. Measurement invariance was appreciable across age, sex, and reporter (self vs other), but somewhat less apparent between clinical and nonclinical populations in this sample comprised of both familial and sporadic autism spectrum disorders. The statistical power afforded by this large sample allowed relative differentiation of three factors among items encompassing social communication impairment (emotion recognition, social avoidance, and interpersonal relatedness) and two factors among items encompassing restricted, repetitive behavior (insistence on sameness and repetitive mannerisms). Cross-trait correlations remained extremely high, that is, on the order of 0.66-0.92. These data clarify domains of statistically significant factoral separation that may relate to partially-but not completely-overlapping biological mechanisms, contributing to variation in human social competency. Given such robust intercorrelations among symptom domains, understanding their co-emergence remains a high priority in conceptualizing common neural mechanisms underlying autistic syndromes. PMID:24019124

Frazier, Thomas W; Ratliff, Kristin R; Gruber, Chris; Zhang, Yi; Law, Paul A; Constantino, John N

2014-01-01

348

Diseño y Validación de una Escala de Competencia Comunicativa y Social para Niños / Design and Validation of a Scale of Communicative and Social Skill for Children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se exponen los resultados del diseño y validación de la escala de competencia comunicativa y social (ECCSO) en 1673 niños chilenos entre 9 y 15 años de edad (669 de sexo masculino y 1004 de sexo femenino). El alfa de Cronbach del formato para niños, padres y profesores fue de 0.93,0.95 y 0.97 respec [...] tivamente. El análisis factorial exploratorio con el formato para niños arrojó 8 factores que explican el 30.16% de la varianza. La ECCSO logró predecir el 50% de la variabilidad de los puntajes de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. La validez convergente fue calculada para aquellos niños (n=52) que fueron evaluados simultáneamente por sus padres y profesores; encontrándose moderada convergencia entre niños y padres; divergencia entre niños y profesores; y nula convergencia entre profesores y padres. Para el puntaje total en la ECCSO las niñas obtuvieron mejores puntajes que los niños y no se observaron diferencias por curso y el efecto de interacción entre el sexo y la edad no fue significativo. Abstract in english This arricie show results about design and validation of the communicative and social competence scale (ECCSO) in 1673 Chilean children, between 9 and 15 years oíd (669 male and 1004 female sex). Cronbach's alpha for children, parents and teachers formats were 0.93, 0.95 and 0.97 respectively. Explo [...] ratory Factor Analy sis (EFA) was made for children's format showing 8 factors to explain 30.16% of variance. The ECCSO could predict 50% of variability in the scores of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. The convergent validity was calculated for those children (n=52) who were assessed by parents and teachers; finding a modérate convergence between children and parents scores; divergence between children and teachers; and nuil con-vergence between teachers and parents. Girls showed a total score in ECCSO higher than boys; differences between grade, and interaction effect between age and sex were not significant.

Ramón D, Castillo; Claudia P, Pérez-Salas; Carolina, Bravo; Marcelo G, Cancino; Joselinne, Catalán; Hedy C, Acosta.

2008-12-01

349

Exploring the Use of information and communication technologies and social networks among university nursing faculty staff. An opinion survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. This work sought to analyze the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and social networks among the university nursing faculty staff in Spain. Methodology. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using a questionnaire on ICT skills designed to comply with the research objective, which was evaluated by experts and which was subjected to exploratory analysis of principal components; the reliability of this instrument measured with Cronbach's alpha was 0.85. The information technology tool used to publish the questionnaire on line was Limesurvey. The sample comprised 165 professors from 25 Nursing Faculties and Schools from universities in Spain. Results. Seventy one percent of the total surveyed used internet services to look for information, 63% used the internet as a means for formation and learning, and 72% used it as a communication platform (e-mail and virtual platforms like Sakai and Moodle). Although 51% of the teaching staff surveyed had more than 120 students registered in their courses, hypothesis testing revealed that the number of students in class is not a determining factor for the teaching staff to have greater interest to update its knowledge in ICTs. Younger professors use new technologies more profusely and the most-valued advantage of using ICTs was quick access to information. Professors perceive that after the Bologna Declaration, which requires modifying their teaching-learning processes through the new teaching methodologies, a drop has been produced in their performance and that of their peers in their area of knowledge. Conclusion. The nursing teaching staff is making strong efforts to confront the new challenges posed by ICTs to train the professionals of the 21st century. It is fundamental to pay special attention to improving the university teaching staff's skills in managing ICTs, promoting the implementation of the knowledge acquired. PMID:25504410

Fernández-Alemán, José Luis; Sánchez García, Ana Belén; López Montesinos, María José; Marqués-Sánchez, Pilar; Bayón Darkistade, Enrique; Pérez Rivera, Francisco Javier

2014-12-01

350

Conceptualizing emotions along the dimensions of valence, arousal and communicative frequency - Implications for social-cognitive test and training tools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives. Emotion words are mostly characterized along the classic dimensions of arousal and valence. In the current study we sought to complement this characterization by investigating the frequency of emotions in human everyday communication, which may be crucial information for designing new diagnostic or intervention tools to test and improve emotion recognition.Methods. One hundred healthy German individuals were asked to indicate the valence and arousal of 62 emotion words in a questionnaire. Importantly, participants were additionally asked to indicate the frequency with which they experience each emotion themselves and observe it in others. Results. Positive emotions were judged to occur more often than negative emotions in everyday life. The more negatively valenced emotions were rated to be observed more often in others than experienced in one-self. On the other hand more positively valenced emotions were experienced more often in one-self than they were observed in others. Finally, increasing age was associated with a decrease in the frequency of observing an emotion in other people. Limitations. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to ascertain if the findings also apply to other cultural and language contexts. Conclusions. These results imply a greater frequency of positive emotions than negative emotions in everyday communication. The finding of such a bias towards positive emotions can guide the selection of emotion words for implementation in socio-emotional intervention tools. Such a selection may represent an effective means for improving social cognitive functioning in people with socio-cognitive impairments.

RobertHepach

2011-10-01

351

Risk communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with risk communication, understood as the exchange of knowledge and opinions between various actors involved in risk management. Because of new risks created by man's scientific and technological ingenuity, risk communication attains ever wider social functions, involving an increasing number of people. The tasks for risk communication often reflect conflicting perspectives and interests of the communicating parties. The author stresses the importance of communication quality, i.e. its adequacy, understandability and credibility. Risk communication has to cope with problems such as the discrepancy between the perspectives of laymen and experts, uncertainties in risk assessment and the lack of scientific literacy among the public. One of the major conditions for successful risk communication is trust in the communicators, balanced with some skepticism and critical mind. The author finally suggests that, instead of promoting ''understanding of technology'', risk communication should foster and understanding of the necessary compatibility of technology, societal and environmental issues. (author)

352

Internet Use and Web Communication Networks, Sources of Social Support, and Forms of Suicidal and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Adolescents: Different Patterns Between Genders.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationships of Internet use, web communication, and sources of social support with adolescent self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) in Taiwan were investigated. The study sample of 391 12 to 18-year-olds was selected from nine public high schools. Findings show that girls are more likely to have SITBs, except for suicide gestures. Web communication is a risk factor for SITBs in boys but not in girls. Family support is protective in both genders. Support from friends is protective and support from significant others was a risk factor for suicide plans in girls. Support from virtual social communities can have both positive and negative effects on adolescent SITBs, with different effects by gender. PMID:25255896

Tseng, Fang-Yi; Yang, Hao-Jan

2014-09-25

353

Social-communicative abilities as treatment goals for preschool children with autism spectrum disorder: the importance of imitation, joint attention, and play.  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a pervasive developmental disorder with a lifelong impact on multiple domains of functioning. Often, a diagnosis is possible by 3 years of age. Given the benefits of early intervention, it is advisable to start treatment as soon as possible after the diagnosis has been made. Among other factors, early intervention should focus on social-communicative abilities such as imitation, joint attention, and play. In this review, the typical developmental course and functions of these social-communicative abilities are described, and the problems young children with ASD experience in this domain. In addition, different approaches to promoting these abilities are explained. The authors recommend the inclusion of imitation, joint attention, and play as treatment goals in community settings for children with ASD. PMID:24713028

Warreyn, Petra; van der Paelt, Sara; Roeyers, Herbert

2014-08-01

354

A ciência nos meios de comunicação de massa: divulgação de conhecimento ou reforço do imaginário social? / The Science in mass communication: popularization of knowledge or social reinforcement of the imaginary?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O texto descreve a crise teórico-metodológica da ciência moderna instaurada no século XX, contraposta ao imaginário social presente na recepção da ciência divulgada pelos meios de comunicação de massa. A descrição demonstra que há um paradoxo entre a produção do conhecimento científico, forjado nos [...] centros e instituições científicas, e a visão geral daqueles que recebem as informações científicas via meios de comunicação de massa. Para tanto, o trabalho estrutura-se em quatro etapas: 1º) descreve o processo da crise teórico-metodológica da ciência no século XX, no âmbito acadêmico; 2º) analisa a formação dos elementos constitutivos do imaginário social, sob a perspectiva sociológica; 3º) analisa as condições da ciência como informação nos meios de comunicação de massa; 4º) demonstra a veiculação das informações científicas dos meios de comunicação de massa, exemplificada pela leitura da revista Superinteressante. Abstract in english The text describes the context of the theoretical-methodological crisis of modern science established in the XX century as opposed to the present social imaginary in the reception of science disclosed in mass communication. The analysis demonstrates that there is a paradox between the production of [...] scientific knowledge forged in scientific institutions and the general vision of those that receive the scientific information through means of mass communication. The work has four consecutive themes: firstly, it describes the process of the theoretical-methodological crisis of science in the XX century in the academic realm; later on, it analyzes the formation of the constituent social elements of the imaginary, from a sociological perspective; in the third section , it analyzes the conditions of science as information within mass communication. And, lastly, it describes the means of mass communication with its scientific popularization, exemplified by the reading of the magazine Superinteressante.

Márcia Reami, Pechula.

2007-08-01

355

"Happy and Excited": Perceptions of Using Digital Technology and Social Media by Young People Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Young people are using digital technology and online social media within their everyday lives to enrich their social relationships. The UK government believes that using digital technology can improve social inclusion. One well-recognized outcome measure for establishing social inclusion is to examine opportunities for self-determination.…

Hynan, Amanda; Murray, Janice; Goldbart, Juliet

2014-01-01

356

Divulgação da responsabilidade social empresarial: como os websites empresariais vêm sendo utilizados por empresas de energia e varejo / A comparison of corporate social responsibility communication on the web between the electricity and supermarket sectors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O fenômeno da Responsabilidade Social das Empresas (RSE) na gestão dos negócios vem sendo cada vez mais debatido, com isso, fazem-se necessários estudos mais diversificados relacionados a esta temática em ascensão. Este trabalho busca analisar em seis grandes empresas dos setores de distribuição de [...] energia e varejo atuantes no Nordeste, como a RSE está sendo divulgada através dos seus websites institucionais, levando em consideração que a internet é uma poderosa ferramenta de comunicação. No referencial teórico são apresentados a evolução dos estudos da RSE e o conceito de marketing social. Os indicadores que auxiliaram na avaliação da divulgação das informações relacionadas à responsabilidade social pela Internet são apresentados na metodologia. O levantamento realizado e a análise de dados não identificaram diferenças muito significativas entre as empresas dos dois setores investigados. Abstract in english Interest on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Brazil has grown and a large number of academic papers and business discussions have followed, showing the need for more diversity of studies. The Internet has become an important tool for corporations publishing their reports and other types of C [...] SR communication. This paper analyzes how the CSR communication through corporate websites has been published, particularly by comparing two industry sectors: electricity and supermarket. The results show that no major differences were found between these two in the way they publish CSR related information on the web.

José Milton de, Sousa Filho; Lilian Soares Outttes, Wanderley.

2007-06-01

357

Divulgação da responsabilidade social empresarial: como os websites empresariais vêm sendo utilizados por empresas de energia e varejo A comparison of corporate social responsibility communication on the web between the electricity and supermarket sectors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O fenômeno da Responsabilidade Social das Empresas (RSE na gestão dos negócios vem sendo cada vez mais debatido, com isso, fazem-se necessários estudos mais diversificados relacionados a esta temática em ascensão. Este trabalho busca analisar em seis grandes empresas dos setores de distribuição de energia e varejo atuantes no Nordeste, como a RSE está sendo divulgada através dos seus websites institucionais, levando em consideração que a internet é uma poderosa ferramenta de comunicação. No referencial teórico são apresentados a evolução dos estudos da RSE e o conceito de marketing social. Os indicadores que auxiliaram na avaliação da divulgação das informações relacionadas à responsabilidade social pela Internet são apresentados na metodologia. O levantamento realizado e a análise de dados não identificaram diferenças muito significativas entre as empresas dos dois setores investigados.Interest on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR in Brazil has grown and a large number of academic papers and business discussions have followed, showing the need for more diversity of studies. The Internet has become an important tool for corporations publishing their reports and other types of CSR communication. This paper analyzes how the CSR communication through corporate websites has been published, particularly by comparing two industry sectors: electricity and supermarket. The results show that no major differences were found between these two in the way they publish CSR related information on the web.

José Milton de Sousa Filho

2007-06-01

358

O objeto das ciências sociais e a virada comunicativa: Adorno após Habermas The object of social sciences and the communicative turn: Adorno after Habermas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo procura reconsiderar as críticas de Jürgen Habermas à teoria social de Theodor Adorno. Inicialmente, analisamos as razões apresentadas por Habermas para abandonar a crítica dialética do processo de racionalização social. Em seguida, para expor nossas objeções a essa interpretação, reconstruímos duas teses que, embora essenciais à crítica de Adorno ao processo de modernização vigente, foram deslocadas pelo paradigma da ação comunicativa. Por fim, através da relação entre linguagem e racionalidade que Adorno estabelece, sugerimos um tratamento diferente ao lugar da comunicação na constituição das sociedades contemporâneas.The article intends to reconsider the critique of Theodor Adorno's Social Theory formulated by Jürgen Habermas. In the first part of the text we analyze in detail the reasons Habermas enounces to leave behind the dialectical criticism of the process of social rationalization. In order to put forward our objections to Habermas' interpretation we reconstruct, in the second part, two essential thesis, which became displaced by the paradigm of communicative action, and which had served Adorno to elaborate his criticism of the prevailing modernization process. As a conclusion, we propose a different understanding of the roll played by communication in the constitution of contemporary societies, through an analysis - based upon Adorno - of the relationship between language and rationality.

Gisela Catanzaro

2012-01-01

359

Perfil funcional de comunicação e desempenho sócio-cognitivo de adolescentes autistas institucionalizados Functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance of institutionalized autistic adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: o objetivo dessa pesquisa foi descrever as características funcionais da comunicação de adolescentes autistas institucionalizados, ao longo de um período de aproximadamente seis meses, nos aspectos de: número de atos comunicativos por minuto, proporção de interpessoalidade da comunicação e proporção de utilização dos meios comunicativos gestual, vocal e verbal assim como descrever as características do desempenho sócio-cognitivo dos sujeitos ao longo desse período. MÉTODOS: foram sujeitos dessa pesquisa oito adolescentes autistas institucionalizados que foram avaliados durante seis meses quanto ao perfil funcional de comunicação e ao desempenho sócio-cognitivo. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística não paramétrica. RESULTADOS: foi observada evolução quanto ao número de atos comunicativos por minuto e à proporção de funções comunicativas interpessoais, mas não foi observada evolução significativa quanto aos aspectos sócio-cognitivos. CONCLUSÃO: foi possível observar evolução na linguagem em adolescentes autistas institucionalizados num período de tempo de seis meses, mas não foi possível identificar correlações com o desempenho sócio-cognitivo.PURPOSE: this study aims at describing the functional communication characteristics of institutionalized autistic adolescents for a period of six months approximately as for: number of communicative acts per minute, interpersonal proportion and means of proportion communication use (gestural, vocal, verbal as well as to describe the subjects' characteristics as for social cognitive performance in this period. METHODS: the subjects were eight institutionalized adolescents with autism. Their functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance were assessed during a six-month period and resulting data were analyzed with non-parametric statistic methods. RESULTS: it was possible to observe that there was an improvement in the number of communicative acts per minute and in the proportion of interpersonal communicative functions. No significant change was observed as for the social-cognitive performance. CONCLUSION: it was possible to observe evolution in the language of institutionalized adolescents with autism during a six-month period, but it was not possible to identify its correlation with their social-cognitive performance.

Danielle Azarias Defense

2011-12-01

360

Desempenho sócio-cognitivo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa em diferentes grupos incluídos no espectro autístico Social-cognitive performance and social-communicative adaptation in different groups of the autistic spectrum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available TEMA: as pesquisas quanto à inter-relação entre os aspectos de linguagem, cognição e socialização, vêm evoluindo desde a década de 70. Na perspectiva pragmática a linguagem é mediadora do desenvolvimento da socialização, permitindo ao indivíduo participar das relações sociais que expressam trocas comunicativas simétricas. OBJETIVO: verificar a efetividade da aplicação do protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa em dois grupos de crianças e adolescentes com diagnósticos inseridos no espectro autístico, em atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, em diferentes instituições, e verificar a relação entre os dados coletados no protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa e o desempenho sócio-cognitivo. MÉTODO: participaram desta pesquisa 16 crianças e adolescentes na faixa etária de 8,0 a 16,0 anos, de ambos os gêneros, diagnosticados por médicos neurologistas e/ou psiquiatras como portadores de distúrbios incluídos no espectro autístico segundo os critérios específicos1-2. Todas as crianças estavam em atendimento fonoaudiológico semanal especializado por um período mínimo de seis meses. Foram aplicados os protocolos de analise dos Aspectos Sócio-Cognitivos³ e para a coleta de dados da Adaptação Sócio-comunicativa foram utilizados o protocolo e o questionário específico propostos por Sousa4. RESULTADOS: na análise dos resultados obtidos foi possível verificar que não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas quanto ao desempenho sócio-cognitivo dos dois grupos, sendo a adaptação sócio-comunicativa dessas crianças extremamente variável. CONCLUSÃO: sendo assim, fica claro que, com o grupo de crianças do espectro autistico participantes deste estudo, é possível verificar que o desenvolvimento lingüístico, social e cognitivo não acontece de forma simétrica e linear.BACKGROUND: researches about the relationship between language, cognition and socialization have evolved since the 70s. Language mediates social development allowing the individual to participate in social situations that include balanced communicative exchanges. AIM: to assess the effectiveness of the Social-Communicative Adaptation Protocol in two groups of children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders and to verify the relationship between the referred protocol and the Social-Cognitive Profile. METHOD: participants were 16 children and adolescents with ages between 8.0 and 16.0 years, of both genders, who were diagnosed within the autistic spectrum by neurologists and/or psychiatrists. All participants were receiving, once a week, specialized language therapy by a speech-language pathologist for a period of at least six months. Participants were assessed using the Social-cognitive Profile and the Social-Communicative Adaptation questionnaire. RESULTS: the analysis of the results indicated absence of significant statistical differences in the Social-Cognitive Profile between the two groups. The Social-Communicative Adaptation demonstrated to be extremely variable among the participants. CONCLUSION: this research shows that autistic spectrum children do not have a symmetric and linear development of language, socialization and cognition.

Carla Cardoso

2010-03-01

361

Desempenho sócio-cognitivo e adaptação sócio-comunicativa em diferentes grupos incluídos no espectro autístico / Social-cognitive performance and social-communicative adaptation in different groups of the autistic spectrum  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese TEMA: as pesquisas quanto à inter-relação entre os aspectos de linguagem, cognição e socialização, vêm evoluindo desde a década de 70. Na perspectiva pragmática a linguagem é mediadora do desenvolvimento da socialização, permitindo ao indivíduo participar das relações sociais que expressam trocas co [...] municativas simétricas. OBJETIVO: verificar a efetividade da aplicação do protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa em dois grupos de crianças e adolescentes com diagnósticos inseridos no espectro autístico, em atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, em diferentes instituições, e verificar a relação entre os dados coletados no protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa e o desempenho sócio-cognitivo. MÉTODO: participaram desta pesquisa 16 crianças e adolescentes na faixa etária de 8,0 a 16,0 anos, de ambos os gêneros, diagnosticados por médicos neurologistas e/ou psiquiatras como portadores de distúrbios incluídos no espectro autístico segundo os critérios específicos1-2. Todas as crianças estavam em atendimento fonoaudiológico semanal especializado por um período mínimo de seis meses. Foram aplicados os protocolos de analise dos Aspectos Sócio-Cognitivos³ e para a coleta de dados da Adaptação Sócio-comunicativa foram utilizados o protocolo e o questionário específico propostos por Sousa4. RESULTADOS: na análise dos resultados obtidos foi possível verificar que não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas quanto ao desempenho sócio-cognitivo dos dois grupos, sendo a adaptação sócio-comunicativa dessas crianças extremamente variável. CONCLUSÃO: sendo assim, fica claro que, com o grupo de crianças do espectro autistico participantes deste estudo, é possível verificar que o desenvolvimento lingüístico, social e cognitivo não acontece de forma simétrica e linear. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: researches about the relationship between language, cognition and socialization have evolved since the 70s. Language mediates social development allowing the individual to participate in social situations that include balanced communicative exchanges. AIM: to assess the effectiveness of [...] the Social-Communicative Adaptation Protocol in two groups of children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders and to verify the relationship between the referred protocol and the Social-Cognitive Profile. METHOD: participants were 16 children and adolescents with ages between 8.0 and 16.0 years, of both genders, who were diagnosed within the autistic spectrum by neurologists and/or psychiatrists. All participants were receiving, once a week, specialized language therapy by a speech-language pathologist for a period of at least six months. Participants were assessed using the Social-cognitive Profile and the Social-Communicative Adaptation questionnaire. RESULTS: the analysis of the results indicated absence of significant statistical differences in the Social-Cognitive Profile between the two groups. The Social-Communicative Adaptation demonstrated to be extremely variable among the participants. CONCLUSION: this research shows that autistic spectrum children do not have a symmetric and linear development of language, socialization and cognition.

Carla, Cardoso; Priscilla Faria, Sousa-Morato; Suraia, Andrade; Fernanda Dreux Miranda, Fernandes.

2010-03-01

362

[Repetition and fear of dying].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper a revision is made of the qualifications of Repetition (R) in Freuds work, i.e. its being at the service of the Pleasure Principle and, beyond it, the binding of free energy due to trauma. Freud intends to explain with this last concept the "fort-da" and the traumatic dreams (obsessively reiterated self-reproaches may be added to them). The main thesis of this work is that R. is not only a defense against the recollection of the ominous past (as in the metaphorical deaths of abandonment and desertion) but also a way of maintaining life and identify fighting against the inescapable omninous future (known but yet experienced), i.e. our own death. Some forms of R. like habits, identificatory behaviors and sometimes even magic, are geared to serve the life instinct. A literary illustration shows this desperate fight. PMID:7660843

Lerner, B D

1995-03-01

363

High repetition rate induction cavity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An induction cavity for an induction synchrotron is proposed. A repetition rate of 667-882 kHz for continuous induction operation is required for an induction synchrotron POP experiment in KEK 12 GeV proton synchrotron. The design issues of the induction cavity include the handling of deposited heat, electric insulation, and the coupling impedance measurement with a beam. The relation between the coolant flow rate and the heat load is obtained from a heat analysis and temperature measurement. The 3-D induced electric field was obtained from the calculation. The 4 - 68 Q-value of the cavity was obtained from the longitudinal coupling impedance measurement. From these results, the design values of the cavity were determined for the first plan of the POP experiment. (author)

364

Communicology and communications engineering of the body and and sport. Setting a new intersubjectivity of social life  

OpenAIRE

El texto está configurado en cuatro partes. Primera. Subjetividad y cuerpo. Proyecto social y vida del cuerpo. Historia conceptual cultural del cuerpo y del deporte. Se presentan elementos históricos culturales sobre los proyectos subjetivos sociales del cuerpo. Segunda. La Educación Física y el cuerpo. El proyecto social gremial institucional del cuerpo y del deporte. Se presentan algunos elementos de la historia del proyecto subjetivo social de la Educación Física. Tercera. La Comunic...

Galindo Ca?ceres, Jesu?s

2009-01-01

365

When The Line Between Transmitter and Receiver Blurs : A Study of how organizations look at social media as part of their external communication and how they respond to the  environment in the new media tool  

OpenAIRE

Title: ”When The Line Between Transmitter and Receiver Blurs” – A Study of how organizations look at social media as part of their external communication and how they respond to the environment in the new media tool Number of pages: 49 (51 including enclosures) Author: Ida Hansson Käll Tutor: Cecilia Strand Course: Media and Communication Studies D 30hp Period: Spring 2010 University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala University Purpose...

Hansson Ka?ll, Ida

2010-01-01

366

The Boundaries of the Cognitive Phenotype of Autism: Social Cognition and Central Coherence in Young People with Autistic Traits and their First Degree Relatives  

OpenAIRE

Autism is a behaviourally defined disorder. The impairments in social communication and repetitive behaviours are individually non-specific. The disorder has indistinct boundaries both with other psychiatric disorders and with normal personality types. At the cognitive level, groups of people with autistic disorder can be differentiated from people without the disorder by their ability to reason about beliefs and knowledge (Theory of Mind) and by tests of visual disembedding (central coh...

Best, Catherine

2007-01-01

367

The effectiveness of hydrotherapy in the treatment of social and behavioral aspects of children with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review  

OpenAIRE

Rachel Mortimer, Melinda Privopoulos, Saravana Kumar International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are increasing in prevalence. Children with ASDs present with impairments in social interactions; communication; restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, or activities; as well as motor delays. Hydrotherapy is used as a treatment for c...

Mortimer R; Privopoulos M; Kumar S

2014-01-01

368

Adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico: dados obtidos com pais e terapeutas / Social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum: data provided by parents and therapists  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Verificar a efetividade da aplicação do protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa a diferentes fontes de informação, neste caso, pais e terapeutas, na identificação de diferenças individuais em crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 48 crianças, e [...] ntre três anos e 11 anos e dez meses de idade, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico. Foram também sujeitos deste trabalho, 46 mães e dois pais, bem como 15 terapeutas, responsáveis legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, respectivamente, das mesmas crianças, por um período mínimo de aproximadamente 12 meses, sendo que estes participaram respondendo a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças, sujeitos deste estudo. RESULTADOS: Genericamente, pode-se dizer que as respostas sobre a adaptação sócio-comunicativa, obtidas por meio de diferentes fontes de informação, ou seja, pais e terapeutas foram semelhantes. Entretanto, analisando os dados brutos observa-se que os pais apresentaram consistentemente um número maior de respostas positivas do que as terapeutas, para as questões relativas ao desempenho social. CONCLUSÃO: O estabelecimento de dados de adaptação sócio-comunicativa pode caracterizar esta população, demonstrando que este instrumento pode ser aplicado a diferentes informantes; as respostas dadas pelos mesmos foram homogêneas, reforçando a fidedignidade dos dados, apesar de existirem diferenças significativas na comparação entre os níveis e estágios sócio-comunicativos. A aplicação do questionário e protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa a diferentes informantes pode fornecer um resultado bastante homogêneo, sendo possível realizar de forma fidedigna a caracterização das habilidades de relacionamento social dessas crianças. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To verify if the application of the social-communicative adaptation protocol with different information sources, in this case, parents and therapists, is effective to identify individual differences in children of the autistic spectrum. METHODS: Subjects were 48 children, with ages ranging [...] from three to 11 years and ten months, with psychiatric diagnosis included in the autistic spectrum. The parents of those children (46 mothers and two fathers) and 15 speech therapists, who were, respectively, legal caregivers and responsible for their speech-language therapy for at least 12 months, were also subjects of the study. They answered a questionnaire regarding each child's social relation performance. RESULTS: Generically, it is possible to say that the answers obtained from different sources (parents and therapists) were similar. However, the analysis of raw data showed that parents consistently presented higher number of positive answers when compared to therapists, in questions regarding social performance. CONCLUSION: The determination of data about social-communicative adaptation could characterize these subjects, demonstrating that this protocol can be used with different information sources; the answers provided by parents and therapists were homogeneous, confirming data reliability despite of significant differences in the comparison among social-communicative stages and levels. The application of the questionnaire and the social communicative protocol to different information sources can provided homogeneous results, allowing a reliable characterization of these children's social abilities.

Priscilla Faria, Sousa-Morato; Fernanda Dreux Miranda, Fernandes.

369

Adaptação sócio-comunicativa no espectro autístico: dados obtidos com pais e terapeutas Social communicative adaptation in the autistic spectrum: data provided by parents and therapists  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a efetividade da aplicação do protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa a diferentes fontes de informação, neste caso, pais e terapeutas, na identificação de diferenças individuais em crianças com Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 48 crianças, entre três anos e 11 anos e dez meses de idade, com diagnóstico clínico incluído no espectro autístico. Foram também sujeitos deste trabalho, 46 mães e dois pais, bem como 15 terapeutas, responsáveis legais e pelo atendimento fonoaudiológico especializado, respectivamente, das mesmas crianças, por um período mínimo de aproximadamente 12 meses, sendo que estes participaram respondendo a um questionário sobre o relacionamento social das crianças, sujeitos deste estudo. RESULTADOS: Genericamente, pode-se dizer que as respostas sobre a adaptação sócio-comunicativa, obtidas por meio de diferentes fontes de informação, ou seja, pais e terapeutas foram semelhantes. Entretanto, analisando os dados brutos observa-se que os pais apresentaram consistentemente um número maior de respostas positivas do que as terapeutas, para as questões relativas ao desempenho social. CONCLUSÃO: O estabelecimento de dados de adaptação sócio-comunicativa pode caracterizar esta população, demonstrando que este instrumento pode ser aplicado a diferentes informantes; as respostas dadas pelos mesmos foram homogêneas, reforçando a fidedignidade dos dados, apesar de existirem diferenças significativas na comparação entre os níveis e estágios sócio-comunicativos. A aplicação do questionário e protocolo de adaptação sócio-comunicativa a diferentes informantes pode fornecer um resultado bastante homogêneo, sendo possível realizar de forma fidedigna a caracterização das habilidades de relacionamento social dessas crianças.PURPOSE: To verify if the application of the social-communicative adaptation protocol with different information sources, in this case, parents and therapists, is effective to identify individual differences in children of the autistic spectrum. METHODS: Subjects were 48 children, with ages ranging from three to 11 years and ten months, with psychiatric diagnosis included in the autistic spectrum. The parents of those children (46 mothers and two fathers and 15 speech therapists, who were, respectively, legal caregivers and responsible for their speech-language therapy for at least 12 months, were also subjects of the study. They answered a questionnaire regarding each child's social relation performance. RESULTS: Generically, it is possible to say that the answers obtained from different sources (parents and therapists were similar. However, the analysis of raw data showed that parents consistently presented higher number of positive answers when compared to therapists, in questions regarding social performance. CONCLUSION: The determination of data about social-communicative adaptation could characterize these subjects, demonstrating that this protocol can be used with different information sources; the answers provided by parents and therapists were homogeneous, confirming data reliability despite of significant differences in the comparison among social-communicative stages and levels. The application of the questionnaire and the social communicative protocol to different information sources can provided homogeneous results, allowing a reliable characterization of these children's social abilities.

Priscilla Faria Sousa-Morato

2009-01-01

370

Del Word-of-mouth al Marketing viral: aspectos claves de la comunicación a través de redes sociales / From Word-of-mouth to Viral marketing: key aspects of the communication across social networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objeto dejar constancia de la importancia que las redes sociales y el marketing viral han adquirido en los enfoques de la comunicación, quedando configurados comonuevos sistemas de entretenimiento y de información. Se abordan los aspectos esenciales a considerar en las campañas virales para lograr la deseada eficacia y el efecto multiplicador en la difusióndel mensaje. En el artículo se analiza con detenimiento cómo la convergencia entre medios requiere de nuevas técnicas de producción, siendo la realización y el diseño factores claves del éxito en estanueva forma de entender la comunicación.The present article introduces the relevance that the social networks and the viral communication have acquired in the approaches of the communication as new systems of entertainment and of information. The authors explain the essential aspects to achieve the wished efficiency and the multiplier effect in the diffusion of the message that must be considered in the viral campaigns. In the article is analyzed thoroughly how the convergence needs new skills of production and design, being both concepts the key factors of the success in this new way of understanding the communication.

Guadalupe Aguado Guadalupe

2009-11-01

371

Digital repetitive control under varying frequency conditions  

CERN Document Server

The tracking/rejection of periodic signals constitutes a wide field of research in the control theory and applications area. Repetitive Control has proven to be an efficient way to face this topic. However, in some applications the frequency of the reference/disturbance signal is time-varying or uncertain. This causes an important performance degradation in the standard Repetitive Control scheme. This book presents some solutions to apply Repetitive Control in varying frequency conditions without loosing steady-state performance. It also includes a complete theoretical development and experimental results in two representative systems. The presented solutions are organized in two complementary branches: varying sampling period Repetitive Control and High Order Repetitive Control. The first approach allows dealing with large range frequency variations while the second allows dealing with small range frequency variations. The book also presents applications of the described techniques to a Roto-magnet plant and...

Ramos, Germán A; Olm, Josep M

2013-01-01

372

Mining Compressed Repetitive Gapped Sequential Patterns Efficiently  

CERN Document Server

Mining frequent sequential patterns from sequence databases has been a central research topic in data mining and various efficient mining sequential patterns algorithms have been proposed and studied. Recently, in many problem domains (e.g, program execution traces), a novel sequential pattern mining research, called mining repetitive gapped sequential patterns, has attracted the attention of many researchers, considering not only the repetition of sequential pattern in different sequences but also the repetition within a sequence is more meaningful than the general sequential pattern mining which only captures occurrences in different sequences. However, the number of repetitive gapped sequential patterns generated by even these closed mining algorithms may be too large to understand for users, especially when support threshold is low. In this paper, we propose and study the problem of compressing repetitive gapped sequential patterns. Inspired by the ideas of summarizing frequent itemsets, RPglobal, we deve...

Tong, Yongxin; Yu, Dan; Ma, Shilong; Xu, Ke

2009-01-01

373

Communication in cancer care: psycho-social, interactional, and cultural issues. A general overview and the example of India.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication is a core aspect of psycho-oncology care. This article examines key psychosocial, cultural, and technological factors that affect this communication. Drawing from advances in clinical work and accumulating bodies of empirical evidence, the authors identify determining factors for high quality, efficient, and sensitive communication and support for those affected by cancer. Cancer care in India is highlighted as a salient example. Cultural factors affecting cancer communication in India include beliefs about health and illness, societal values, integration of spiritual care, family roles, and expectations concerning disclosure of cancer information, and rituals around death and dying. The rapidly emerging area of e-health significantly impacts cancer communication and support globally. In view of current globalization, understanding these multidimensional psychosocial, and cultural factors that shape communication are essential for providing comprehensive, appropriate, and sensitive cancer care. PMID:25452741

Chaturvedi, Santosh K; Strohschein, Fay J; Saraf, Gayatri; Loiselle, Carmen G

2014-01-01

374

Effects of Procedural Content and Task Repetition on Accuracy and Fluency in an EFL Context  

Science.gov (United States)

Task-supported language teaching can help provide L2 learners communicative practice in EFL contexts. Additionally, it has been suggested that repetition of tasks can help learners develop their accuracy and fluency (Bygate, 2001; Gass, Mackey, Fernandez, & Alvarez-Torres, 1999; Lynch & Maclean, 2000). The purposes of the study were to investigate…

Patanasorn, Chomraj

2010-01-01

375

Claves epistemológicas para abordar la investigación en el ámbito de la comunicación social / Epistemological keys to approach the investigation in the realm of social communication / Chaves epistemológicas para abordar a investigação no âmbito da comunicação social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A nova filosofia das ciências e em particular o racionalismo crítico desenvolveram na segunda metade do século XX, um discurso epistemológico de grande relevancia com respeito aos programas e projectos específicos de investigação no âmbito amplo das ciências sociais. A partir deste contribução, prop [...] omos um conjunto de considerações de carácter teórico e metodológico para a análise formal da comunicação tomando em conta as variables fundamentais sobre as que se articula este tipo de produção de conhecimento. A proposta epistemológica, teórica e metodológica implicada representa um deslocamento desde o canon positivista para uma teoria do conhecimento emergente cujo interesse se centra num saber integral e inclusivo no que se reconhecem a maior quantidade de factores que participam nos processos cognitivos. Abstract in spanish La nueva filosofía de las ciencias y en particular el racionalismo crítico han desarrollado en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, un discurso epistemológico de gran relevancia respecto a los programas y proyectos específicos de investigación en el ámbito amplio de las ciencias sociales. A partir de este [...] aporte, proponemos un conjunto de consideraciones de carácter teórico y metodológico para el análisis formal de la comunicación tomando en cuenta las variables fundamentales sobre las que se articula este tipo de producción de conocimiento. La propuesta epistemológica, teórica y metodológica implicada representa un desplazamiento desde el canon positivista hacia una teoría del conocimiento emergente cuyo interés se centra en un saber integral e inclusivo en el que se reconocen la mayor cantidad de factores que participan en los procesos cognitivos. Abstract in english The new philosophy of sciences and in individual the critical rationalism has developed in second half of century XX, an epistemologic speech of great relevance with respect to the programs and specific projects of investigation in the ample scope of social sciences. From this contribution, we propo [...] se a set of considerations of theoretical and methodologic character for the formal analysis of the communication taking into account the fundamental aspects on which east type of knowledge production articulates. The epistemological, theoretical and methodologic proposal implied represents a displacement from the positivism canon towards a theory of the emergent knowledge whose interest is centered in an complete knowledge in which they are recognized the greater amount of factors than participates in the cognitive processes.

Jorge, Brower Beltramin.

376

The SHP's environmental licensing and the social communication: case study analysis of Funil and Carangola; O licenciamento ambiental de PCH e a comunicacao social: analise dos estudos de caso de Funil e Carangola  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lately, concepts and paradigms have gone through constant alterations, due to high-speed growth the globe faces the dilemma of how to keep this growing and guarantee the survival conditions for next generations. Consequently, it comes into view the requirement for the discussion towards environment preservation and sustainability. In addition to this, humanity has been seeking for solutions to this impasse and the Brazilian Electric Sector equally has looked for alternatives since the beginning of electrification in the country, in early 19{sup th} Century, when the first Small Hydropower Plants (SHPs) were installed to provide energy to the industrial development period. Moreover, at present, this same category of energy generation plant represents a good opportunity, for the reason that they are framed as one of the sources of energy that is considered renewable or less pollutant. In the past years, technological evolution has been accompanied by the national industry of equipment and also the environmental legislation has created tools to mitigate the impacts of a Small Hydroelectric Plants (SHPs). The present research has aimed not only to present in its bibliographical revision the evolution of SHPs concept associated with the environmental aspects but also the application of techniques of social communication in the environmental license process. Furthermore it has looked for new communicative applicable tools in search of a larger public participation among the involved players, which results in important premises for the sustainability course of action. In order to attend those goals, two processes of SHP licensing were analyzed in Minas Gerais State, with main focus in the included Social Communication Program in the Plan of Environmental Control foreseen by the resolution number 006/87 of CONAMA (National Environmental Council). Finally, this research intended to present communicative feasible tools in the dimensioning of the participating actions in the process of SHP environmental licensing. (author)

Galhardo, Camila Rocha

2007-07-01

377

Stereotypes Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We live in a world, which is becoming a Global Village in which information and communication attract people’s attention more than ever before. Our desire to communicate with strangers and our relationships with them depend on the degree to which we are effective in communicating with them. There are so many factors restricting or improving people’s communication. This essay gives an analysis based on one factor called stereotypes. In intercultural research, the influence of stereotypes on people’s behaviors in communication is a very important issue to take into account. This paper aims to illustrate stereotypes from the aspects of their social and psychological perspectives, great influence on people’s communication, the problems they may cause, and some solutions.

Shuli Zhang

2009-10-01

378

Composición Factorial de una Escala de Autoeficacia en la Solución de Problemas y Comunicación en Universitarios de Ciencias Sociales / Factor Structure of a Self-Efficacy Scale in Problem Solving and Communication on University Student’s of Social Sciences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio analiza las propiedades psicométricas de una escala de autoeficacia en la solución de problemas y comunicación en universitarios de ciencias sociales. La muestra total fue de 589 sujetos; 376 mujeres y 213 hombres estudiantes de Ciencias Sociales, con una edad media de 18.4 años. [...] La estructura factorial del cuestionario se analizó a través de análisis factoriales exploratorio y confirmatorio. Los análisis, mostraron que una estructura bifactorial es viable y adecuada; con indicadores de ajuste, de fiabilidad y de validez apropiados. Además, los resultados de los análisis factoriales llevados a cabo con las submuestras 1 y 2, indican la existencia de fuertes evidencias de estabilidad de la estructura factorial, hasta que no se demuestre lo contrario. Abstract in english The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the self-efficacy scale in problem solving and communication on university students of social sciences. The total sample comprised 589 participants; 376 women and 213 men students of social sciences, with a mean age of 18.4 years. The factor [...] structure of the questionnaire was analyzed through two separate exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Psychometric analysis showed that a two-factorial structure was viable and adequate; with appropriate indicators of adjustment, reliability and validity. In addition, factor analysis conducted with subsamples 1 and 2 indicated the presence of strong evidence of factor structure stability, until proven otherwise.

Juan F, Aguirre; Francisco, Muñoz; Belén, de Rueda; José R, Blanco.

379

How chemical pollution becomes a social problem. Risk communication and assessment through regional newspapers during the management of PCB pollutions of the Rhône River (France).  

Science.gov (United States)

The case study of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) pollutions of the Rhône River (France) offers the possibility of studying criteria for the construction of social problems that result from chemical pollution (2005-2010). We investigated the dynamics of competition that create and define pollution as a social problem and entail its decline. News outlets are crucial for determining how an environmental issue emerges locally or nationally; this study used newspapers to highlight the potential of new outlets as a data source to analyze discourse variability, science-policy-media connections and the hydrosphere. Media coverage was based on a content analysis and textual data analysis of 75 articles. Analytical frameworks such as the Downs Model and the Public Arena Model (Hilgartner and Bosk, 1988) that consider time and stakeholders were tested to determine how human alteration of the hydrosphere can become a social problem and to analyze different communication strategies held by stakeholders. In terms of management, we described the temporal dynamics of the social problem based on the case study and considered an explanation of the selections. We considered the organization of particular stakeholders who define the social problem from its beginning to end by focusing on their discourses, relationships, decision-making and political choices, and scientific studies. Despite some biases, newspapers are useful for retrospectively evaluating the emergence of a social problem in the public arena by describing it through discourse and then understanding the temporal patterns of information. Despite uncertainties and information flow, decisions are made and science is translated to the public. PMID:24646671

Comby, Emeline; Le Lay, Yves-François; Piégay, Hervé

2014-06-01

380

Utilização dos dispositivos de comunicação da web social pelas bibliotecas universitárias: um espaço para mediação da informação / Use of devices in social web communication through university libraries: a space for mediation of information  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A comunicação é fundamental para a interação na construção do conhecimento e mediação da informação. Ao interagir com a biblioteca por meio dos dispositivos de comunicação na Web social, para ter acesso à informação, o sujeito tem a possibilidade não apenas de identificar e localizar informações, ma [...] s também de desenvolver, no coletivo, o debate, a troca de informações e realizar outras práticas que auxiliem suas operações mentais em torno dos conteúdos acessados. Dessa maneira, neste artigo, são apresentadas características e possibilidades de utilização dos dispositivos de comunicação da Web social pelas bibliotecas universitárias no desenvolvimento de suas atividades de mediação da informação. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo bibliográfico, aplicando-se a técnica da análise de conteúdos, com o objetivo de identificar e analisar pesquisas e estudos abordando a temática na Ciência da Informação. Como resultado, foram identificadas diversas modalidades de uso desses dispositivos e suas potencialidades de aplicação no âmbito da biblioteca universitária, concluindo-se que a adoção dos diversos tipos de dispositivos demanda a análise dos objetivos específicos de cada atividade, serviço ou produto que a biblioteca pretenda desenvolver, como também do perfil de seus usuários e da infraestrutura tecnológica disponível. Contudo, numa perspectiva da missão da biblioteca universitária, concluiu-se, ainda, que é latente a necessidade da mesma repensar o seu processo de comunicação e interação com os usuários da informação, buscando utilizar, de maneira mais ampla e eficiente, esses dispositivos de comunicação da Web social. Abstract in english Communication is imperative for interaction, knowledge construction, and mediation of information. When interacting with the library using communication devices in the social web to obtain access to information, the person has the ability not only to identify and locate information, but also to disc [...] uss and exchange of information collectively, and perform and develop practices that enhance mental operations of the content accessed. Thus, this study presents features and possibilities for university libraries to use communication devices in the social web to integrate information activities. Therefore, we applied technique of content analysis to conduct a bibliographic study to identify and analyze surveys and studies on the subject in Information Science. As a result, we identified the different uses of these devices and their potential application within the university library and concluded that the adoption of different types of devices requires the analysis of the specific objectives for each activity, service or product that the library wishes to develop, as well as the user profile and the technological infrastructure available. However, in view of the mission of the university library, it was concluded that we need to rethink the process of communication and interaction with users of information in order to use these communication devices in the social web in a broader and more efficient way.

Raquel do Rosário, Santos; Henriette Ferreira, Gomes.

2014-04-01

381

Patterns of Racial Socialization and Psychological Adjustment: Can Parental Communications about Race Reduce the Impact of Racial Discrimination?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study uses two waves of data to examine the relations among racial discrimination experiences, patterns of racial socialization practices, and psychological adjustment in a sample of 361 African American adolescents. Using latent class analyses, we identified four patterns of child-reported racial socialization experiences: Moderate Positive,…

Neblett, Enrique W., Jr.; White, Rhonda L.; Ford, Kahlil R.; Philip, Cheri L.; Nguye-N, Hoa X.; Sellers, Robert M.

2008-01-01

382

Development of high repetition rate Marx generator  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper reports the development and evaluation of a repetitively pulsed high-voltage generator that consists of a Marx generator with a new configuration and a pulse forming line for achieving high repetition rate operation. The generator consists of basically an inductor for current limiter, a transformer with winding ratio 1:500, a rectifier (diode), and 3-stage Marx generator using inductors instead of charging resistors. Experimental results show that the developed Marx generator can operate with repetition rate of around 0.7 Hz. As a result, it is possible to make simple and low-cost repetitively pulsed power generator with high voltage (?100 kV) and high energy (?kJ). (author)

383

Computer-Related Repetitive Stress Injuries  

Science.gov (United States)

... the Internet , kids often spend hours at the computer. So it's important for parents to know about ... to the stress of repetitive motions at the computer or overuse injuries in sports. RSI in kids ...

384

The Virtual Environmental Microbiology Center - A Social Network for Enhanced Communication between Water Researchers and Policy Makers  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective communication within and between organizations involved in research and policy making activities is essential. Sharing information across organizational and geographic boundaries can also facilitate coordination and collaboration, promote a better understanding of tech...

385

Mining Compressed Repetitive Gapped Sequential Patterns Efficiently  

OpenAIRE

Mining frequent sequential patterns from sequence databases has been a central research topic in data mining and various efficient mining sequential patterns algorithms have been proposed and studied. Recently, in many problem domains (e.g, program execution traces), a novel sequential pattern mining research, called mining repetitive gapped sequential patterns, has attracted the attention of many researchers, considering not only the repetition of sequential pattern in diff...

Tong, Yongxin; Zhao, Li; Yu, Dan; Ma, Shilong; Xu, Ke

2009-01-01

386

Minor and repetitive head injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in the young, active population and expected to be the third leading cause of death in the whole world until 2020. The disease is frequently referred to as the silent epidemic, and many authors highlight the "unmet medical need" associated with TBI.The term traumatically evoked brain injury covers a heterogeneous group ranging from mild/minor/minimal to severe/non-salvageable damages. Severe TBI has long been recognized to be a major socioeconomical health-care issue as saving young lives and sometimes entirely restituting health with a timely intervention can indeed be extremely cost efficient.Recently it has been recognized that mild or minor TBI should be considered similarly important because of the magnitude of the patient population affected. Other reasons behind this recognition are the association of mild head injury with transient cognitive disturbances as well as long-term sequelae primarily linked to repeat (sport-related) injuries.The incidence of TBI in developed countries can be as high as 2-300/100,000 inhabitants; however, if we consider the injury pyramid, it turns out that severe and moderate TBI represents only 25-30 % of all cases, while the overwhelming majority of TBI cases consists of mild head injury. On top of that, or at the base of the pyramid, are the cases that never show up at the ER - the unreported injuries.Special attention is turned to mild TBI as in recent military conflicts it is recognized as "signature injury."This chapter aims to summarize the most important features of mild and repetitive traumatic brain injury providing definitions, stratifications, and triage options while also focusing on contemporary knowledge gathered by imaging and biomarker research.Mild traumatic brain injury is an enigmatic lesion; the classification, significance, and its consequences are all far less defined and explored than in more severe forms of brain injury.Understanding the pathobiology and pathomechanisms may aid a more targeted approach in triage as well as selection of cases with possible late complications while also identifying the target patient population where preventive measures and therapeutic tools should be applied in an attempt to avoid secondary brain injury and late complications. PMID:25411149

Buki, Andras; Kovacs, Noemi; Czeiter, Endre; Schmid, Kara; Berger, Rachel P; Kobeissy, Firas; Italiano, Domenico; Hayes, Ronald L; Tortella, Frank C; Mezosi, Emese; Schwarcz, Attila; Toth, Arnold; Nemes, Orsolya; Mondello, Stefania

2015-01-01

387

Las fuerzas sociales y el escenario comunicativo en la educación para la salud: el caso del programa de crecimiento y desarrollo Social forces and the communicative scenario in health education: the case of the growth and development program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivos: comprender la construcción de los significados sobre crianza en el Programa de Monitoreo del Crecimiento y Desarrollo como medio para investigar la educación para la salud y avanzar en su fundamentación teórica y pedagógica. Método: etnografía en cuatro instituciones de salud de la ciudad de Medellín basada en observación de las sesiones y entrevistas con los actores: adultos significativos y miembros de los equipos de salud. Resultados: se instaura un proceso comunicativo basado en un modelo educativo transmisionista y conductista dirigido a inculcar el cambio en los comportamientos. Discusión: el escenario pedagógico o microcontexto se encuentra influenciado por fuerzas del macrocontexto que ejercen poder sobre este, las cuales se configuran como producto de la desigual distribución de los capitales sociales, culturales y económicos. Como consecuencia, el adulto significativo y el miembro del equipo de salud se sitúan en dos planos diferentes para la construcción de significados, lo que afecta seriamente la comunicación entre ellos. La comprensión de dicho proceso social desde una perspectiva teórica más amplia permite el fortalecimiento de una posición crítica, fundamental para lograr una educación para la salud más pertinente desde su dimensión sociocultural.Objectives: to understand how the significance of child rearing is construed in the Growth and Development Monitoring Program as a way of studying health education and enhancing its theoretical and pedagogical framework. Method: an ethnographic study in four health institutions in Medellín, Colombia, developed through observation of sessions and interviews with actors, namely significant adults and health team members. Results: a communicative process based on a behavioral education model is established to modify behavior and to impose cultural values. Conclusions: the pedagogical setting or micro-context is influenced by powerful macro-contextual forces, which are a product of uneven distribution of social, cultural and economic capital. Consequently, significant adults and health team members are situated at two different communicative levels for the construction of significance, which affects communication between them. Understanding this social process from a wider theoretical perspective strengthens critical positions, which is required for achieving more pertinent health education from a socio-cultural dimension.

Fernando Peñaranda-Correa

2011-10-01

388

The Prevalence and Phenomenology of Repetitive Behavior in Genetic Syndromes  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the prevalence and phenomenology of repetitive behavior in genetic syndromes to detail profiles of behavior. The Repetitive Behaviour Questionnaire (RBQ) provides fine-grained identification of repetitive behaviors. The RBQ was employed to examine repetitive behavior in Angelman (N = 104), Cornelia de Lange (N = 101), Cri-du-Chat…

Moss, Joanna; Oliver, Chris; Arron, Kate; Burbidge, Cheryl; Berg, Katy

2009-01-01

389

Das Longitudinale Curriculum "Soziale und kommunikative Komptenzen" im Bologna-reformierten Medizinstudium in Basel [The longitudinal curriculum "social and communicative competencies" within Bologna-reformed undergraduate medical education in Basel  

OpenAIRE

[english] Background: Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of “social and communicative competencies” (SOKO) was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland). Project description: The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOK...

Langewitz, Wolf; Kiessling, Claudia

2013-01-01

390

Additive effects of social and non-social attention during infancy relate to later autism spectrum disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Emerging findings from studies with infants at familial high risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), owing to an older sibling with a diagnosis, suggest that those who go on to develop ASD show early impairments in the processing of stimuli with both social and non-social content. Although ASD is defined by social-communication impairments and restricted and repetitive behaviours, the majority of cognitive theories of ASD posit a single underlying factor, which over development has secondary effects across domains. This is the first high-risk study to statistically differentiate theoretical models of the development of ASD in high-risk siblings using multiple risk factors. We examined the prediction of ASD outcome by attention to social and non-social stimuli: gaze following and attentional disengagement assessed at 13 months in low-risk controls and high-risk ASD infants (who were subsequently diagnosed with ASD at 3 years). When included in the same regression model, these 13-month measures independently predicted ASD outcome at 3 years of age. The data were best described by an additive model, suggesting that non-social attention, disengagement, and social attention as evidenced by gaze following, have a cumulative impact on ASD risk. These data argue against cognitive theories of ASD which propose that a single underlying factor has cascading effects across early development leading to an ASD outcome, and support multiple impairment models of ASD that are more consistent with recent genetic and neurobiological evidence. PMID:25089324

Bedford, Rachael; Pickles, Andrew; Gliga, Teodora; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Charman, Tony; Johnson, Mark H

2014-01-01

391

Noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive signals by coherent addition using the temporal Talbot effect  

Science.gov (United States)

Amplification of signal intensity is essential for initiating physical processes, diagnostics, sensing, communications and measurement. During traditional amplification, the signal is amplified by multiplying the signal carriers through an active gain process, requiring the use of an external power source. In addition, the signal is degraded by noise and distortions that typically accompany active gain processes. We show noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive optical pulse waveforms with gain from 2 to ~20 without using active gain. The proposed method uses a dispersion-induced temporal self-imaging (Talbot) effect to redistribute and coherently accumulate energy of the original repetitive waveforms into fewer replica waveforms. In addition, we show how our passive amplifier performs a real-time average of the wave-train to reduce its original noise fluctuation, as well as enhances the extinction ratio of pulses to stand above the noise floor. Our technique is applicable to repetitive waveforms in any spectral region or wave system.

Maram, Reza; van Howe, James; Li, Ming; Azaña, José

2014-10-01

392

Noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive signals by coherent addition using the temporal Talbot effect  

Science.gov (United States)

Amplification of signal intensity is essential for initiating physical processes, diagnostics, sensing, communications and measurement. During traditional amplification, the signal is amplified by multiplying the signal carriers through an active gain process, requiring the use of an external power source. In addition, the signal is degraded by noise and distortions that typically accompany active gain processes. We show noiseless intensity amplification of repetitive optical pulse waveforms with gain from 2 to ~20 without using active gain. The proposed method uses a dispersion-induced temporal self-imaging (Talbot) effect to redistribute and coherently accumulate energy of the original repetitive waveforms into fewer replica waveforms. In addition, we show how our passive amplifier performs a real-time average of the wave-train to reduce its original noise fluctuation, as well as enhances the extinction ratio of pulses to stand above the noise floor. Our technique is applicable to repetitive waveforms in any spectral region or wave system. PMID:25319207

Maram, Reza; Van Howe, James; Li, Ming; Azaña, José

2014-01-01

393

Linearly repetitive Delone sets Delone sets with finite local complexity: Linear repetitivity versus positivity of weights  

CERN Document Server

We consider Delone sets with finite local complexity. We characterize validity of a subadditive ergodic theorem by uniform positivity of certain weights. The latter can be considered to be an averaged version of linear repetitivity. In this context, we show that linear repetitivity is equivalent to positivity of weights combined with a certain balancedness of the shape of return patterns.

Besbes, Adnene; Lenz, Daniel

2012-01-01

394

Política de indexação para clippings: otimização do tratamento temático em coordenadorias de comunicação social brasileiras / Policy index to clippings: optimization of treatment of the theme in brazilian social communication coordinations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A política de indexação construída a partir dos objetivos e características de cada instituição otimiza o tratamento temático da informação e assegura a qualidade tanto da indexação quanto da recuperação por assunto. Para tanto, este estudo tem por objetivo, investigar a realidade organizacional e c [...] omunicacional da Coordenadoria de Comunicação Social da Universidade Federal de São Carlos (CCS-UFSCar), Brasil, a partir do contexto sociocognitivo de profissionais da informação e usuários, tendo em vista o estabelecimento de diretrizes para a elaboração de uma política de indexação de sistemas automatizados junto as Coordenadorias de Comunicação Social em ambientes universitários brasileiros. Os resultados demonstraram que a CCS-UFSCar não possui uma política e ,nem mesmo, um guia para sistematizar o processo de indexação de clippings. Assim, sugeriu-se à unidade o desenvolvimento de uma política e de um manual de indexação para clippings a partir de suas peculiaridades. Abstract in spanish La política de indización construida a partir de los objetivos y características de cada institución optimiza el tratamiento temático de la información y asegura la calidad tanto de la indización tales como de la recuperación por materia. Por lo tanto, este estudio tiene como objetivo investigar la [...] realidad de la organización y de comunicación de la Coordinación de Comunicación Social de la Universidad Federal de São Carlos (CCS-UFSCar), Brasil, en el contexto sociocognitivo de los profesionales y usuarios de información con el fin de establecer directrices para la elaboración de una política para la indexación automática de Coordinación de Comunicación Social en ambientes universitarios brasileños. Los resultados demuestran que la CCS-UFSCar no tiene una política y una guía para el proceso sistemático de recortes de periódicos. Por lo tanto, se sugirió para la unidad, el desarrollo de una política y de un manual de indización para los recortes de periódicos por medio de sus peculiaridades. Abstract in english The indexing policy constructed from the objectives and characteristics of each institution optimizes the thematic treatment of information and ensure the quality of both the indexing as a retrieval by subject. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the reality of organizational and communication [...] al of the Coordination of Social Communication of the Federal University of São Carlos (CCS-FUSCar), Brazil, from sociocognitive context of the information professionals and users, for the elaboration of a indexing policy of automated systems of Coordination of Social Communication in brazilian university environments. The results showed that the CCS-FUSC does not have a policy and a guide for the systematize the process of clippings indexing. So, we are suggesting to unit the developing of a policy and of a manual of indexing for clippings by their peculiarities.

Ardala, Ponce Kochani; Vera Regina, Casari Boccato; Milena, Polsinelli Rubi.

2012-12-01

395

Bridging the Gap between the Technical Communication Classroom and the Internship: Teaching Social Consciousness and Real-World Writing  

Science.gov (United States)

Service-learning projects and traditional internships both prepare the student of technical communication for the workforce in many ways. What is lacking in the scholarship is a discussion of how to successfully link these two ideas. To help teachers implement courses that bridge the gap between service-learning projects and internships, I discuss…

Bourelle, Tiffany

2012-01-01

396

A Content Analytic Study of "People's Daily" in Its Socialization Process: A Case in Cross-Cultural Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author outlines a study comparing the modes of communication in two newspapers: "Jen Min Jih Pao" (People's Daily) and the Des Moines"Register." He applies a content-category system, based on Hayakawa's trichotomy of sentence types, to the reporting of these two newspapers on five major international events: the 1967 Arab-Israeli conflict, the…

Marr, Theodore J.

397

Repetició consecutiva i idiomaticitat [Consecutive repetition and idiomaticity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, two types of idiomatic constructions are described, namely consecutive repetition and coordinate repetition. Considering corpus examples, these constructions and their subtypes are identified and characterized; they are also related to and differentiated from similar structures such as emphatic repetition, mimetic repetition or tautology. Consecutive and coordinate repetitions implement meanings related with intensification or increase (in degree, number or duration and, in some cases, can be associated to prototype effects (i.e., prototype identification or referential dissociation.

Cuenca, Maria Josep

2007-01-01

398

A rapid assessment and response approach to review and enhance Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilisation for Tuberculosis control in Odisha state, India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in India with the country accounting for 1 in 5 of all TB cases reported globally. An advocacy, communication and social mobilisation project for Tuberculosis control was implemented and evaluated in Odisha state of India. The purpose of the study was to identify the impact of project interventions including the use of 'Interface NGOs' and involvement of community groups such as women's self-help groups, local government bodies, village health sanitation committees, and general health staff in promoting TB control efforts. Methods The study utilized a rapid assessment and response (RAR methodology. The approach combined both qualitative field work approaches, including semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with empirical data collection and desk research. Results Results revealed that a combination of factors including the involvement of Interface NGOs, coupled with increased training and engagement of front line health workers and community groups, and dissemination of community based resources, contributed to improved awareness and knowledge about TB in the targeted districts. Project activities also contributed towards improving health worker and community effectiveness to raise the TB agenda, and improved TB literacy and treatment adherence. Engagement of successfully treated patients also assisted in reducing community stigma and discrimination. Conclusion The expanded use of advocacy, communication and social mobilisation activities in TB control has resulted in a number of benefits. These include bridging pre-existing gaps between the health system and the community through support and coordination of general health services stakeholders, NGOs and the community. The strategic use of 'tailored messages' to address specific TB problems in low performing areas also led to more positive behavioural outcomes and improved efficiencies in service delivery. Implications for future studies are that a comprehensive and well planned range of ACSM activities can enhance TB knowledge, attitudes and behaviours while also mobilising specific community groups to build community efficacy to combat TB. The use of rapid assessments combined with other complementary evaluation approaches can be effective when reviewing the impact of TB advocacy, communication and social mobilisation activities.

Satyanarayana Srinath

2011-06-01

399

Chromatin diminution in the copepod Mesocyclops edax: elimination of both highly repetitive and nonhighly repetitive DNA.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chromatin diminution, a developmentally regulated process of DNA elimination, is found in numerous eukaryotic species. In the copepod Mesocyclops edax, some 90% of its genomic DNA is eliminated during the differentiation of embryonic cells into somatic cells. Previous studies have shown that the eliminated DNA contains highly repetitive sequences. Here, we sequenced DNA fragments from pre- and postdiminution cells to determine whether nonhighly repetitive sequences are also eliminated during the process of chromatin diminution. Comparative analyses of these sequences, as well as the sequences eliminated from the genome of the copepod Cyclops kolensis, show that they all share similar abundances of tandem repeats, dispersed repeats, transposable elements, and various coding and noncoding sequences. This suggests that, in the chromatin diminution observed in M. edax, both highly repetitive and nonhighly repetitive sequences are eliminated and that there is no bias in the type of nonhighly repetitive DNA being eliminated. PMID:23379333

McKinnon, Christian; Drouin, Guy

2013-01-01

400

Conflitos sociais e interações comunicativas nas reformas sociais da América Latina / Social conflict and communicative interactions in Latin American social reforms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo analisa as dificuldades e os conflitos políticos que afetam o delineamento e os processos de implementação das reformas sociais na América Latina, focalizando em especial as áreas de educação e da saúde. Descreve problemas de execução e conseqüências institucionais das mudanças propostas, m [...] odos de gestão, formas de interação e tensões entre os diferentes grupos de interesse envolvidos. A análise baseia-se em resultados de estudos de caso realizados entre 1998 e 1999, no âmbito do Programa Reformas Sociais em Educação e Saúde na América Latina, patrocinado pelo BID e pelo CIID, do Canadá e coordenado pelo Cide e pelo llades, do Chile. Abstract in english The article analyzes the difficulties and political conflicts that affect the processes of defining and implementing social reforms in Latin America, focussing especially on education and health. It describes problems in execution and the institutional consequences of the proposed changes, managemen [...] t styles, forms of interactions and tensions among the different interest groups involved. The analysis is based on the results of case studies from1998 and 1999 in the Program for Social Reforms in Education and Health in Latin America sponsored by the IDB, the ICRD of Canada and coordinated by the CIDE and llades of Chile.

Sergio, Martinic.

2001-11-01

401

Communication about Smoking in Dutch Families: Associations between Anti-Smoking Socialization and Adolescent Smoking-Related Cognitions  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents play an important role in the development of young people's smoking behavior, through the modeling effects of their own smoking status, through the ways they raise their children and through the ways they deal with smoking at home. The present study focused on anti-smoking socialization by, first, comparing the perspectives of both parents…

Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Willemsen, Marc

2004-01-01

402

Los medios de comunicación desde la perspectiva del delincuente / Social Communication Media from the Perspective of the Delinquent  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación realizada en la Cárcel Nacional de Sabaneta en Maracaibo, estado Zulia. El trabajo procura indagar sobre los sentimientos, reflexiones, actitudes y opiniones de los delincuentes penados acerca de los medios de comunicación social. Media [...] nte técnicas e instrumentos propios de la metodología cualitativa de investigación social se registran las experiencias vividas por los reclusos en ocasión de la reseña periodística del acto delictivo imputado, o en el que estuvieron involucrados. El análisis de los relatos de los delincuentes permite evidenciar: (a) la existencia de un sentimiento adverso hacia los medios, (b) la crítica al tratamiento sensacionalista de las noticias por parte de la prensa regional, (c) el reconocimiento del papel de los medios en la estigmatización del delincuente y en la construcción social del miedo, (d) el rechazo a la imagen que los medios han difundido sobre ellos. Abstract in english This article presents the results of research made in the Sabaneta National Prison in Maracaibo, Zulia State. The effort attempts to research the feelings, reflections, attitudes and opinions of convicted delinquents in reference to mass-media. By using techniques and instruments characteristic of q [...] uantitative social research methodology, the experiences of convicts are recorded in the journalistic report of the criminal act in which they were involved. The analysis of the delinquents’ speech shows: a) the existence of an unfavorable feeling towards mass-media, b) criticism of the sensationalist treatment of news in local press, c) knowledge of the role of the mass-media in the stigmatization of criminal offenders and in the social construction of fear, d) rejection of the image that the media has promoted in reference to offenders.

Ana Victoria, Parra González; Mariluz, Domínguez Torres.

2004-01-01

403

85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk lasers (SDLs) are in strong demand for applications in bio-medical photonics, chemistry, space communications and non-linear optics. However, the wider spread of SDLs was constrained as they are operated in high repetition rates above 200 MHz due to short carrier lifetimes in the semiconductors. Here we demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that it is possible to overcome the limitation of fast carrier relaxation and show significant reduction of repetition rate down to 85.7 MHz by exploiting phase-amplitude coupling effect. In addition, a low repetition rate SDL serves as a test-bed for bound soliton state previously unknown for semiconductor devices. The breakthrough to sub-100 MHz repetition rate will open a whole new window of development opportunities. PMID:24150392

Butkus, M; Viktorov, E A; Erneux, T; Hamilton, C J; Maker, G; Malcolm, G P A; Rafailov, E U

2013-10-21

404

Parenting Across the Social Ecology Facilitated by Information and Communications Technology: Implications for Research and Educational Design  

OpenAIRE

To inform parenting research and aid educators seeking to deliver programs that support effective parenting, this study explored types of information and communications technology (ICT) used to fulfill childrearing goals. Mothers’ (N = 1,804) reports of ICT activity frequency were examined from data collected from an online survey. Results suggest that mothers’ ICT use for parenting is less frequent than general use in adulthood. Mothers employ ICT to fulfill parenting goals within and ac...

Walker, Susan K.; Rudi, Jessie H.

2014-01-01

405

BUSINESS USE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS  

OpenAIRE

Social networks are becoming increasingly indispensable in the lives of individuals, as well as for business. They enable individuals to entertainment, communication and socializing. Business provide advertising, promotion and communication with target groups. Diploma paper deals with the business use of social networks, where we first describe the basic characteristics of social networks and its adventages and disadventages. We described tools of marketing communication and the major thr...

Suz?nik, Tjas?a

2012-01-01

406

Intervención de la comunicación masiva en la generación del tejido social ciudadano / The Intervention of Mass Communication in Generating Citizen Social Fabric  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La investigación responde al propósito de conocer cómo la comunicación masiva influye en los procesos de participación ciudadana. El problema se asume desde la óptica de la construcción de ciudadanía en Maracaibo. Se aplica una perspectiva epistémica cualitativa y recursos correspondientes a la inve [...] stigación cuantitativa. En lo que a resultados se refiere, 1. Se ubica el problema de la ciudadanía desde una idea más amplia que remite a la participación, al diálogo y la solidaridad. 2. Se expone el problema de la ciudadanía, desde la perspectiva de una convivencia que se construye, a partir de la creación de formas asociativas. 3. Se hace un compendio de las características de la ciudadanía. 4. Se exploran las motivaciones que determinan el comportamiento de los medios impresos en materia de generación de conciencia ciudadana. Abstract in english This research seeks to find out how mass communication influences citizen participation processes. The problem is approached from the viewpoint of constructing citizenship in Maracaibo. A qualitative, epistemic perspective and resources corresponding to quantitative research are applied. Results ind [...] icate: 1. The problem of citizenship is placed according to a broader idea that deals with participation, dialog and solidarity. 2. The problem of citizenship is explained from the perspective of a constructed co-existence based on the creation of associative forms. 3. A summary of the characteristics of citizenship is made. 4. Motivations that determine print media behavior in generating citizen awareness are explored.

Orlando, Villalobos Finol; Lisbeth, Rosillón Palmar.

2010-12-01

407

"Why Do We Always Have to Say We're Sorry?": A Case Study on Navigating Moral Expectations in Classroom Communication on National Socialism and the Holocaust in Germany  

Science.gov (United States)

Against the background of the pedagogization and internationalization of Holocaust memory discourse, this contribution focuses on the specific conditions of history classes on National Socialism and the Holocaust in Germany. Using a case study, this article shows both how the meanings of these subjects are communicatively negotiated in history…

Proske, Matthias

2012-01-01

408

A Cognitive Neuroscience View of Schizophrenic Symptoms: Abnormal Activation of a System for Social Perception and Communication  

OpenAIRE

We will review converging evidence that language related symptoms of the schizophrenic syndrome such as auditory verbal hallucinations arise at least in part from processing abnormalities in posterior language regions. These language regions are either adjacent to or overlapping with regions in the (posterior) temporal cortex and temporo-parietal occipital junction that are part of a system for processing social cognition, emotion, and self representation or agency. The inferior parietal and ...

Wible, Cynthia G.; Preus, Alexander P.; Hashimoto, Ryuichiro

2009-01-01

409

Re-conceptualizing joint attention as social skills: a microgenetic analysis of the development of early infant communication  

OpenAIRE

The present longitudinal study examined how 28 infants’ joint attention behaviours undergo developmental change across the 9 to 12 month age range. Two competing theoretical views of the development of infants’ joint attention are the cognitivist and skill-based conceptualizations of social cognition. The present study reviews and discusses the conceptual differences between these two approaches in detail. Starting from the operational definition of joint attention the differences betwe...

Bibok, Maximilian Barnaby

2011-01-01

410

Effects of immunostimulation on social behavior, chemical communication and genome-wide gene expression in honey bee workers (Apis mellifera  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Social insects, such as honey bees, use molecular, physiological and behavioral responses to combat pathogens and parasites. The honey bee genome contains all of the canonical insect immune response pathways, and several studies have demonstrated that pathogens can activate expression of immune effectors. Honey bees also use behavioral responses, termed social immunity, to collectively defend their hives from pathogens and parasites. These responses include hygienic behavior (where workers remove diseased brood and allo-grooming (where workers remove ectoparasites from nestmates. We have previously demonstrated that immunostimulation causes changes in the cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of workers, which results in altered worker-worker social interactions. Thus, cuticular hydrocarbons may enable workers to identify sick nestmates, and adjust their behavior in response. Here, we test the specificity of behavioral, chemical and genomic responses to immunostimulation by challenging workers with a panel of different immune stimulants (saline, Sephadex beads and Gram-negative bacteria E. coli. Results While only bacteria-injected bees elicited altered behavioral responses from healthy nestmates compared to controls, all treatments resulted in significant changes in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles. Immunostimulation caused significant changes in expression of hundreds of genes, the majority of which have not been identified as members of the canonical immune response pathways. Furthermore, several new candidate genes that may play a role in cuticular hydrocarbon biosynthesis were identified. Effects of immune challenge expression of several genes involved in immune response, cuticular hydrocarbon biosynthesis, and the Notch signaling pathway were confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR. Finally, we identified common genes regulated by pathogen challenge in honey bees and other insects. Conclusions These results demonstrate that honey bee genomic responses to immunostimulation are substantially broader than the previously identified canonical immune response pathways, and may mediate the behavioral changes associated with social immunity by orchestrating changes in chemical signaling. These studies lay the groundwork for future research into the genomic responses of honey bees to native honey bee parasites and pathogens.

Richard Freddie-Jeanne

2012-10-01

411

Empowering the Steel Industry as a Stakeholder : Environmental Management and Communication through a Social-Ecological Approach  

OpenAIRE

This paper explores a case study of a Swedish tool steel company undergoing a transition from traditional environmental management practices to an enterprise identifying its place as part of a social-ecological system. The Corporate Ecosystem Services Review (ESR) was utilized by the company to begin this process by focusing on ecosystem services to determine how an ESR approach contributes to environmental management in practice. What resulted moved beyond the ESR to a tailored methodol...

Berg, Alicia

2013-01-01

412

/ Autonomous and Regulated Campaigns in Facebook: two modalities to Communicate on a Social Networ / Campañas de promoción autónoma y de promoción reglada en Facebook: dos modalidades para comunicar en red social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in spanish En este artículo analizamos, en primer lugar, la evolución de las audiencias de Facebook hasta su consolidación como la red social más importante del mundo, con más de 700 millones de usuarios. Por otro lado, mediante el análisis de contenido y el monitoreo de medios, describimos todas las posibilid [...] ades comunicativas que permite esta red para la interacción entre los públicos. Lo más destacado de la investigación es que mediante la observación participante, catalogamos todos los mecanismos que ofrece la red para la implementación de campañas de marketing en red. Los resultados identifican dos posibilidades diferentes: las modalidades de promoción autónomas fundamentadas en el marketing viral y las de promoción reglada que suponen un abono de dinero por parte de los demandantes. Abstract in english In this article, the evolution of Facebook audiences is analyzed until its consolidations as the most important social networks of the world, with more than 700 million users; on the other hand, through the analysis of content and the monitoring of media, all communicative possibilities which allow [...] this network for interaction among different audiences are described. The most outstanding fact of this research is that through the participating observation, all mechanisms offered by the network for implementing marketing campaigns in the network are classified. The results identify two different possibilities: autonomous promotion based on the viral marketing and the ones of ruled promotion which suppose a payment by the customers.

José, Sixto García.

2012-12-01

413

Repetition versus Montage : Prefabricated industrialized building of the 1960's - in the light of the 'new industrialization'  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Prefabricated industrialized montage building of the 1960's was characterized by REPETITION. Social demands for maximum productivity were fulfilled through production of large series of identical building components, resulting in an architecture of repetition. But repetition also expressed architectural vision: growth, rationality, creation of universal systems as 'neutral' frames for multi-facetted lives. Architectural potential in the concept of repetition was never fully explored. Systems of production gained power and superseded vision. Similarly, the present situation can be characterized through the concept of MONTAGE. Increasing preoccupation with individualization and changeability points at an adaptable architecture, and opens up industrial production systems for differentiation of standard building components. The concept of montage implies the bringing together of different elements and the possibility of change over time.

Bundgaard, Charlotte

2002-01-01

414

A CONTRIBUTION FOR SOCIAL COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITY EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: “TO KNOW HOW TO LIVE” PROGRAM EXPERIENCE AT UNIVALI/SC CONTRIBUCIÓN DE LA COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL EM LA EXTENSIÓN UNIVERSITARIA: UNA EXPERIENCIA DEL PROGRAMA “PARA SABER VIVIR” DE LA UNIVALI/SC A contribuição da comunicação social na extensão universitária: a experiência do programa “Para Saber Viver” da Univali/SC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Univali develops the Extension Program “Para Saber Viver” (to know how to live which is a multidisciplinary work involving teachers and students in health, education and communication areas. The program aims at developing integrated educational actions for basic needs such as information, education and health. So, a group of teachers and students in Social Communication course is responsible for planning and carry out the communication acts of the program. They develop a newspaper called Diz Aí (say, and also other productions such as posters and fliers, radio program and internal communication. These actions have provided the integration of teams that work on the projects and socialize the purposes of the program with the communities involved. It also leads to a reflection on the role that communication plays in the university extension. The experience has helped professionals involved to understand that Communication is an activity that promotes strategies for dissemination of ideas, increase relationships and integration with the various public involved with the program, essential to educational actions involving thematic education, health and citizenship in an integrated way. La UNIVALI desarrolla el Programa de Extensión “Para Saber Vivir” que consiste en una propuesta de trabajo multidisciplinar que involucra profesores y alumnos del área de la Salud, educación y comunicación. El objetivo del trabajo es el desarrollo de acciones educativas integradas y direccionadas a cubrir necesidades básicas de la información, de la educación y de la salud. Para este propósito, el grupo de profesores junto a los becarios del curso de Comunicación Social son responsables por la planificación y ejecución del Programa. El equipo desarrolla acciones como la elaboración del informativo “Diz aí”, la producción del material gráfico, carteles y folders, el programa de radio y la comunicación interna. Las acciones han conseguido la integración de los equipos que actúan en los proyectos y en la socialización de los propósitos del Programa dentro de las comunidades. Se constata que este trabajo da la oportunidad de reflexionar sobre el papel del Curso de Comunicación Social y sus habilitaciones en la extensión universitaria. La experiencia ha contribuido para que los profesionales envueltos entiendan que la Comunicación Social es una actividad medio que promueve estrategias de divulgación, relacionamiento e integración con los públicos albos del Programa, estrategias que resultan esenciales para las acciones educativas integradas con Educación, Salud y Ciudadanía. A Univali desenvolve o Programa de Extensão “Para Saber Viver” que se constitui numa proposta de trabalho multiprofissional envolvendo professores e alunos da área da saúde, educação e comunicação. O trabalho objetiva o desenvolvimento de ações educativas integradas voltadas às necessidades básicas de informação, educação e saúde. Para tanto, o grupo de professores e bolsistas do curso de Comunicação Social é responsável por planejar e executar a comunicação do Programa. A equipe desenvolve ações como elaboração do Informativo Diz Aí, produção de material gráfico, cartazes e folderes, programa de rádio e comunicação interna. As ações tem proporcionado a integração das equipes que atuam nos projetos e a socialização dos propósitos do Programa junto às comunidades envolvidas. Constata-se ainda que o trabalho cria a oportunidade de reflexão sobre o papel que o curso de Comunicação Social e suas habilitações desempenha na extensão universitária. A experiência tem contribuído para que os profissionais envolvidos compreendam que a Comunicação Social constitui-se em atividade meio que promove estratégias de divulgação, relacionamento e integração com os diversos públicos envolvidos no Programa, essenciais para as ações educativas integradas em torno da temática Educação, Saúde e Cidadania.

Daiana Gonçalves

2009-09-01

415

Bystanders' Reactions to Witnessing Repetitive Abuse Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (D. S. Weiss & C. R. Marmar, 1997) was used to obtain self-reported trauma levels from 587 young adults recalling childhood or adolescence experiences as witnesses to common forms of repetitive abuse defined as bullying. Mean participant scores were in a range suggesting potential need for clinical assessment at…

Janson, Gregory R.; Carney, JoLynn V.; Hazler, Richard J.; Oh, Insoo

2009-01-01

416

Repetition increases false recollection in older people.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aging is accompanied by an increase in false alarms on recognition tasks, and these false alarms increase with repetition in older people (but not in young people). Traditionally, this increase was thought to be due to a greater use of familiarity in older people, but it was recently pointed out that false alarms also have a clear recollection component in these people. The main objective of our study is to analyze whether the expected increase in the rate of false alarms in older people due to stimulus repetition is produced by an inadequate use of familiarity, recollection, or both processes. To do so, we carried out an associative recognition experiment using pairs of words and pairs of images (faces associated with everyday contexts), in which we analyzed whether the repetition of some of the pairs increases the rate of false alarms in older people (compared to what was found in a sample of young people), and whether this increase is due to familiarity or recollection (using a remember-know paradigm). Our results show that the increase in false alarms in older people due to repetition is produced by false recollection, calling into question both dual and single-process models of recognition. Also, older people falsely recollect details of never studied stimuli, a clear case of perceptual illusions. These results are better explained in terms of source-monitoring errors, mediated by people's retrieval expectations. PMID:25330138

Pitarque, Alfonso; Sales, Alicia; Meléndez, Juan Carlos; Algarabel, Salvador

2015-02-01

417

High repetition rate megavolt Marx generators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors consider problems of developing megavolt Marx generators with a pulse repetition rate of 100 to 1000 pps and with high average power. Principles are proposed for development charge and trigger circuits on the basis of semiconductor elements. The circuits ensure a fast and uniform pulsed-regime charging of capacitor stages within 100 to 200 ?s from a thyristor charging unit. In addition, the circuits permit spark gaps to operate automatically without the use of external triggering pulses. A five-stage generator has been developed and tested, which has an output voltage of 0.5 MV and a pulse repetition rate up to 650 pps and whose average load power is as high as 16 kW at an average power density of 150 W/kG. These principles are embodied in a novel repetitive electron beam accelerator. open-quotes RUSLANclose quotes. The accelerator developed has the following tentative parameters: electron energy, 1 MeV (an open circuit voltage of 2 MV); beam current, 10 kA; pulse energy, 0.4 kJ; pulse repetition rate, 100 to 200 pps; average power, 40 to 80 kW in the continuous regime

418

Nonword Repetition, Phonological Storage, and Multiple Determinations  

Science.gov (United States)

The proposals that (a) nonword repetition and word learning both rely on phonological storage and (b) both are multiply determined are two of the major foci of Gathercole's (2006) Keynote Article, which marshals considerable evidence in support of each. In my view, the importance of these proposals cannot be overstated: these two notions go to the…

Gupta, Prahlad

2006-01-01

419

Large-scale detection of repetitions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Combinatorics on words began more than a century ago with a demonstration that an infinitely long string with no repetitions could be constructed on an alphabet of only three letters. Computing all the repetitions (such as ???TTT???? or ??? CGACGA ????) in a given string x of length n is one of the oldest and most important problems of computational stringology, requiring time in the worst case. About a dozen years ago, it was discovered that repetitions can be computed as a by-product of the ?(n)-time computation of all the maximal periodicities or runs in x. However, even though the computation is linear, it is also brute force: global data structures, such as the suffix array, the longest common prefix array and the Lempel-Ziv factorization, need to be computed in a preprocessing phase. Furthermore, all of this effort is required despite the fact that the expected number of runs in a string is generally a small fraction of the string length. In this paper, I explore the possibility that repetitions (perhaps also other regularities in strings) can be computed in a manner commensurate with the size of the output. PMID:24751872

Smyth, W F

2014-05-28

420

The existence of fractional repetition codes  

CERN Document Server

Salim El Rouayheb and Kannan Ramchandran introduced the concept of fractional repetition (FR) code. In their article it remained unsolved when we can find such codes. Here we give an exact characterization of situations when it is possible to find an FR code.

Ernvall, Toni

2012-01-01