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Association between the social and communication impairments and repetitive/restricted interests and behaviours of ASD in a clinical sample: Does the triad still fit?  

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Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally defined disorder characterised by impairments in three domains of social interaction, communication, and repetitive/restricted interests and behaviours (DSM-IV-TR; APA, 2000; ICD-10; WHO, 1992). Recent research suggests that this diagnostic triad may no longer fit as the best way to conceptualise ASD. Although not due for publication until 2013, a proposed revision of autistic disorder for DSM-V has merged three do...

Kuenssberg, Renate Katherine Von

2012-01-01

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Social Communications, Course Description.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using federal, state, and local funds, the Work Opportunity Center provides guidance, skill training, and supportive services for the dropout and/or hard-core unemployed youth 16 to 21 years of age. This paper describes the social communications course offered by the Center. Offering individual as well as group coverage, the course includes…

Brown, Harry J.; Anderson, Floyd L.

3

Social media as communicative genres  

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As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I ...

Stine Lomborg

2011-01-01

4

Social media as communicative genres  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

As a focus of study, ‘social media’ tend to lack definitional clarity and grounding in theories of media and text. This paper establishes and discusses a conceptual framework for defining social media as communicative genres, constituted by the interplay between interactive functionalities configured at the software level and the invocation and appropriation of various software functionalities to achieve specific purposes in and through users’ actual communicative practices. I suggest that social media might be seen as particularly dynamic genres, subject to continuous disruption and uncertainty,owing to their deinstitutionalised and participatory character, and the shifting roles of producers and recipients in the networks and conversations that make up social media content.

Stine Lomborg

2011-12-01

5

Repetition and Emotive Communication in Music Versus Speech  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Music and speech are often placed alongside one another as comparative cases. Their relative overlaps and disassociations have been well explored (e.g. Patel, 2010. But one key attribute distinguishing these two domains has often been overlooked: the greater preponderance of repetition in music in comparison to speech. Recent fMRI studies have shown that familiarity – achieved through repetition – is a critical component of emotional engagement with music (Pereira et al., 2011. If repetition is fundamental to emotional responses to music, and repetition is a key distinguisher between the domains of music and speech, then close examination of the phenomenon of repetition might help clarify the ways that music elicits emotion differently than speech.

Elizabeth HellmuthMargulis

2013-04-01

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Unsolicited Communication in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article discusses whether commercial communication in social media is covered by the European opt in-model concerning unsolicited electronic mail for direct marketing purposes found in the directive on privacy and electronic communications (2002/58). It is concluded that messages in social media â?? in contrast to news feeds and advertisements â?? may be characterised as electronic mail. However, the EU provisions on unsolicited electronic mail is found in the regulatory framework for telecommunication which as a starting point does not regulate web-based content such as social media services. The ban on unsolicited electronic mail does not apply to messaging systems in social media unless the system gives access to sending traditional e-mail. Until 12 June 2013, Member States could â?? in national law â?? uphold a broader definition of electronic mail in the light of the minimum harmonisation found in the distance selling directive (1997/7). Now, the use of electronic mail for direct marketing purposes in social media must be assessed in accordance with the full harmonisation in the unfair commercial practices directive (2005/29). This directive does not contain a ban on »unsolicited« but »unwanted« solicitations by e-mail and other remote media â?? i.e. an opt-out solution. The development in platforms such as Facebook shows that such social media services are also used by businesses to communicate and interact with their »fans«. This article discusses the application of the European spam-provisions in the context of social media. In that vein it is important to understand both the definition of electronic mail and the scope of application of the regulatory framework for telecommunication in which the ban is found. The Nordic Consumer Ombudsmen approached EU Commissioner John Dalli on 3 May 2012 with a view to encourage discussions on whether the defi nition of electronic mail set out in the directive on privacy and electronic communications1 is up-to-date. The letter was sent in connection to the publishing of a common Nordic position paper on marketing in social media. The preceding discussions among the consumer ombudsmen questioned inter alia whether unsolicited commercial communications sent to usersâ?? news feeds should be considered electronic mail or other un-solicited communications for the purposes of direct marketing. This and other related questions are dealt with in this article.

Trzaskowski, Jan

2014-01-01

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Repetition and Emotive Communication in Music Versus Speech  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Music and speech are often placed alongside one another as comparative cases. Their relative overlaps and disassociations have been well explored (e.g., Patel, 2008). But one key attribute distinguishing these two domains has often been overlooked: the greater preponderance of repetition in music in comparison to speech. Recent fMRI studies have shown that familiarity – achieved through repetition – is a critical component of emotional engagement with music (Pereira et al., 2011). If repe...

2013-01-01

8

Social networks: communication and change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual social networks have brought about the possibility for open and plural debate, where all those with the necessary literacy skills and means are able to participate in the creation and dissemination of information. By pressing political agents and determining the “agenda” of a lot of the media, users demonstrate that we stand at an ideal platform for creating both real social movements and more or less fleeting events, as manifestos or virtual campaigns. Nonetheless, in order to understand the role of virtual social networks in today’s world, we need to answer some prior questions. Are we facing a new communication model, whereby the product of “disinterested” interactivity creates an aura of confidence in disseminated information, often quite higher that that seen in the “old media”? Will that interactivity be a chance to fight-off citizens’ growing detachment with regard to the “res publica”? Will we find in citizen-made journalism, transmitted through virtual social networks, the consecration of a true fourth power? On the other hand, can we call the distinct collective movements we have seen emerging true “social movements”?The present article aims to examine this and other issues that come to the fore in the intricate social world of cyberspace.

Gustavo Cardoso

2011-01-01

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Regional gray matter volumetric changes in autism associated with social and repetitive behavior symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although differences in brain anatomy in autism have been difficult to replicate using manual tracing methods, automated whole brain analyses have begun to find consistent differences in regions of the brain associated with the social cognitive processes that are often impaired in autism. We attempted to replicate these whole brain studies and to correlate regional volume changes with several autism symptom measures. Methods We performed MRI scans on 24 individuals diagnosed with DSM-IV autistic disorder and compared those to scans from 23 healthy comparison subjects matched on age. All participants were male. Whole brain, voxel-wise analyses of regional gray matter volume were conducted using voxel-based morphometry (VBM. Results Controlling for age and total gray matter volume, the volumes of the medial frontal gyri, left pre-central gyrus, right post-central gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, caudate nuclei and the left hippocampus were larger in the autism group relative to controls. Regions exhibiting smaller volumes in the autism group were observed exclusively in the cerebellum. Significant partial correlations were found between the volumes of the caudate nuclei, multiple frontal and temporal regions, the cerebellum and a measure of repetitive behaviors, controlling for total gray matter volume. Social and communication deficits in autism were also associated with caudate, cerebellar, and precuneus volumes, as well as with frontal and temporal lobe regional volumes. Conclusion Gray matter enlargement was observed in areas that have been functionally identified as important in social-cognitive processes, such as the medial frontal gyri, sensorimotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus. Additionally, we have shown that VBM is sensitive to associations between social and repetitive behaviors and regional brain volumes in autism.

Rogers Sally J

2006-12-01

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Professionally Social Using social media for professional research communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this short article, I will discuss what I consider the important characteristics, opportunities and challenges offered by social media when used for professional communication purposes. The insights – or perhaps rather points of discussion - put forth here are based on my own experiences as practicing social media communicator and Danish research blogger, as well as on my general research into the use of social media for professional communication purposes, by for instance Danish p...

Lisbeth Klarstrup

2012-01-01

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CSR communication through online social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Online social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become essential channels in business strategies. Corporate Social Responsibility communication faces new challenges in these spaces of the Web 2.0, where companies can interact with users, generate a brand community, increase their visibility, and strengthen their position in the market. This research study aims to analyse the way companies use the major online social media to communicate their Corporate Social Responsibility programme...

2012-01-01

12

How communication events shape social networks  

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With the advent of communication technology, access to interaction and communication data has increased dramatically. We can now trace communication events such as sending and receiving emails, text messages, and other forms of interaction via ICT. But how can we use this data to understand the structure of social networks and their development?

Engel, Ofer

2010-01-01

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Professionally Social Using social media for professional research communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this short article, I will discuss what I consider the important characteristics, opportunities and challenges offered by social media when used for professional communication purposes. The insights – or perhaps rather points of discussion - put forth here are based on my own experiences as practicing social media communicator and Danish research blogger, as well as on my general research into the use of social media for professional communication purposes, by for instance Danish politicians (see Klastrup and Svejgaard Pedersen 2005, Klastrup 2007.

Lisbeth Klarstrup

2012-08-01

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INFORMATION MECHANISM ADAPTATION TO SOCIAL COMMUNICATION  

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Information technology applications have to be adapted for meaningful dependable social mind to mind communication needs and purposes concerning strength, weakness, opportunity, and threat (SWOT) risks. For successful adaptation it seems to be important to dichotomize the mechanistic equipment participation in communication from analogous social understanding of the conveyed meaning intention. The first step towards this objective is to be aware of the meanings in and interrelations between b...

Monfelt, Yngve

2010-01-01

15

Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching behaviors of 64 elementary preservice teachers (PSTs who taught the same social studies lessons to small groups of 4th-grade students four times in succession. PST reflection journals from all PSTs, observational transcripts of 14 teaching pairs, focus group interviews with the PSTs, and informal cooperating teacher interviews revealed that the PSTs’ lessons changed over the four successive teaching episodes. The PSTs became more comfortable and confident after teaching the same social studies lesson multiple times. PSTs also reported that their lessons became better, yet the qualitative data revealed that even though their teaching became more efficient and student work correctness improved, only a few PSTs increased the cognitive demand of their questions and activities. Nonetheless, most PSTs demonstrated increased use of social studies pedagogical content knowledge through their examples and discussions, as well as increased attention to student thinking. Repeated practice field experiences seem to hold potential for elementary PSTs to develop their use ofsocial studies pedagogical content knowledge

Derek L. ANDERSON

2012-11-01

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Psycho-social impacts of virtual communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The emergence and spread of Internet communication has led to changes in social relationships, abuse of the Internet and maladaptive behavior. Among the authors who have studied the impact of these changes there is no consensus, and the results of their research are often contradictory. Some authors conclude that Internet communication strengthens networks of its users, while others believe that such communication leads to reduced participation in real social life. In a number of people, excessive use of the Internet adversely affects the mental health and social life and can lead to obsession at the expense of other aspects of life and creating addiction. The greatest risk of negative impacts of online communication is among children and young people. This paper is meant to indicate, the good sides as well as the negative consequences of excessive and non-functional Internet use

Macura Rajko

2011-01-01

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Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching b...

2012-01-01

18

Déficit social, vision et communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Rappel des enjeux et objectifs : Le déficit émotionnel, événement naturel ou bien symptôme en psychopathologie, a des retentissements sur le plan de l'insertion sociale et du fonctionnement perceptivo-cognitif. L' objectif général de ce projet de recherche est l'étude des processus qui concourent à l'émoussement de l'affectivité dans sa dimension sociale par l'intermédiaire de la modalité perceptive visuelle. Pour ce faire, ce projet associe des chercheurs en Sciences humaines, N...

Dubal, Ste?phanie

2005-01-01

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Social network analysis and dual rover communications  

Science.gov (United States)

Social network analysis (SNA) refers to the collection of techniques, tools, and methods used in sociometry aiming at the analysis of social networks to investigate decision making, group communication, and the distribution of information. Human factors engineers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducted a social network analysis on communication data collected during a 14-day field study operating a dual rover exploration mission to better understand the relationships between certain network groups such as ground control, flight teams, and planetary science. The analysis identified two communication network structures for the continuous communication and Twice-a-Day Communication scenarios as a split network and negotiated network respectfully. The major nodes or groups for the networks' architecture, transmittal status, and information were identified using graphical network mapping, quantitative analysis of subjective impressions, and quantified statistical analysis using Sociometric Statue and Centrality. Post-questionnaire analysis along with interviews revealed advantages and disadvantages of each network structure with team members identifying the need for a more stable continuous communication network, improved robustness of voice loops, and better systems training/capabilities for scientific imagery data and operational data during Twice-a-Day Communications.

Litaker, Harry L.; Howard, Robert L.

2013-10-01

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Organizational Communication and Social Action.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication researchers have studied the role of the change agent -- the professional helper who stimulates change at the individual, group, organizational, or community level. Few recognize, however, that the change agent is a member of a formal organization whose norms and values often diverge from those of the clientele system. This paper…

Grunig, James E.

 
 
 
 
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Pisces: Anonymous Communication Using Social Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The architectures of deployed anonymity systems such as Tor suffer from two key problems that limit user's trust in these systems. First, paths for anonymous communication are built without considering trust relationships between users and relays in the system. Second, the network architecture relies on a set of centralized servers. In this paper, we propose Pisces, a decentralized protocol for anonymous communications that leverages users' social links to build circuits for...

Mittal, Prateek; Wright, Matthew; Borisov, Nikita

2012-01-01

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Communication dynamics in finite capacity social networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In communication networks structure and dynamics are tightly coupled. The structure controls the flow of information and is itself shaped by the dynamical process of information exchanged between nodes. In order to reconcile structure and dynamics, a generic model, based on the local interaction between nodes, is considered for the communication in large social networks. In agreement with data from a large human organization, we show that the flow is non-Markovian and contro...

Haerter, Jan O.; Jamtveit, Bjorn; Mathiesen, Joachim

2012-01-01

23

Social identity framing: Leader communication for social change  

Science.gov (United States)

Social identity framing (SIF) delineates a process of intergroup communication that leaders may engage in to promote a vision of social change. As a step towards social change, social identity may need to be altered to accommodate a new view of the group, its collective goals, and its place alongside other groups. Thus, social identity content may be deconstructed and reconstructed by the leader en route to change. SIF suggests that this may be achieved through a series of 16 communication tactics, which are largely derived from previous research (Seyranian & Bligh, 2008). This research used an experimental design to test the effectiveness of three SIF communication tactics - inclusion, similarity to followers, and positive social identity - on a number of follower outcomes. Students ( N=246) were randomly assigned to read one of eight possible speeches promoting renewable energy on campus that was ostensibly from a student leader. The speeches were varied to include or exclude the three communication tactics. Following the speech, participants completed a dependent measures questionnaire. Results indicated that similarity to followers and positive social identity did not affect follower outcomes. However, students exposed to inclusion were more likely to indicate that renewable energy was ingroup normative; intend to engage in collective action to bring renewable energy to campus; experience positive emotional reactions towards change; feel more confident about the possibility of change; and to view the leader more positively. The combination of inclusion and positive social identity increased perceptions of charismatic leadership. Perceived leader prototypicality and cognitive elaboration of the leader's message resulted in more favorable attitudes towards renewable energy. Perceived leader prototypicality was also directly related to social identification, environmental values, ingroup injunctive norms, and self-stereotypes. Overall, these results support SIF theory by providing evidence that communication that implicates social identity (i.e., inclusion) is an important aspect of the leader-follower influence process and that it can be used to bring about changes such as promoting environmental conservation policies. Avenues of future research on SIF are discussed.

Seyranian, Viviane

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The Communications of Corporate Social Responsability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper present the role and interaction between communication and Corporate Social Responsibility, strengtheningin the same time that communication it is a key factor to begin and keep a proper Sustainable Development strategy. The importance of communication is essential, taking in consideration the awareness in the interior and in the exterior of organization strategy, ethical, ecological and socio-economical objectives, since information regarding the impact of the company’s activities, products and services as well as regarding the impacts of changes that can supervene in time, can only be provided in this way. Since there are many ways to communicate regarding the actions of CSR, it is important to know what kind of messages and ideas can resonate with a certain audience, considering the stage in which the ISO 26000 standard’s development stands.

Mihaela Bucur

2011-06-01

25

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, development of living standards and a country's international competiveness. The need for innovation is assisted by Information technology in a range of ways and in this contemporary era it is hard to separate innovation and technology due to its incredible offerings in all kinds of industries and sectors. One such innovation was 'social networking and social media.' In this epoch of social media, businesses are obliged to be extra transparent and more personal. This does not eradicate the need of customary advertising, but social networks allow an innovative form of communication which altered the approach of doing businesses. Businesses must concentrate on developing real and direct connections with customers. Companies which lag behind to change to this new trend and culture will be in damaging situation, as competitors will progressively try to reap the benefits out of it. All in all businesses need to adapt with the growing importance and impact of social networking as a means of communication.

Saif Hossain

2013-04-01

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Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optima...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Houmansadr, Amir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

27

Corporate Social Responsibility : Discourse, Narratives and Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The problematic and contestable nature of discourses on corporate social responsibility (CSR) has driven the commissioning of this special issue on discourses, narratives, and communication about CSR. While CSR may be seen as sharing normative goals with the concept of sustainable development, there are fundamental questions to be asked about the nature and purpose of CSR, how it has been constructed and framed, and whether it promotes the normative goals of sustainable development in order t...

2010-01-01

28

Social Media as a strategic tool for Corporate Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Companies around the globe are embracing and adapting social media for many different intentions: customer service, marketing, internal communications, public relations or corporate social responsibility, etc. It is now a reality that social media is channging the way stakeholders and companies communicate daily, providing opportunities for collaboration, participation, interactivity, and engagement. Therefore, social media is conceived today in the corporate world as a strateg...

Go?mez Va?zquez, Lina Margarita; Soto Ve?lez, Ivette

2011-01-01

29

Interpersonal Communication Relevance to Professional Development, in Social Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional development is a desideratum both the organization and for each employee, in part, and interpersonal communication is the means of safe fulfillment, especially in social systems. No matter what ways of professional development are chosen, organizations (considered as major social systems works on communication processes. Moreover, social systems are at the same time, communication systems. As so, the importance of interpersonal communication in providing professional development is major, proven fact, at least in one sense, by the rich offer of training courses focusing on communication. Moreover, analysis of case studies of interpersonal communication conducted in organizational context indicates that the communication is purpose, means and professional development tool.

Manoela Popescu

2013-04-01

30

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

31

The regulation of social recognition, social communication and aggression: vasopressin in the social behavior neural network.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neuropeptides in the arginine vasotocin/arginine vasopressin (AVT/AVP) family play a major role in the regulation of social behavior by their actions in the brain. In mammals, AVP is found within a circuit of recriprocally connected limbic structures that form the social behavior neural network. This review examines the role played by AVP within this network in controlling social processes that are critical for the formation and maintenance of social relationships: social recognition, social communication and aggression. Studies in a number of mammalian species indicate that AVP and AVP V1a receptors are ideally suited to regulate the expression of social processes because of their plasticity in response to factors that influence social behavior. The pattern of AVP innervation and V1a receptors across the social behavior neural network may determine the potential range and intensity of social responses that individuals display in different social situations. Although fundamental information on how social behavior is wired in the brain is still lacking, it is clear that different social behaviors can be influenced by the actions of AVP in the same region of the network and that AVP can act within multiple regions of this network to regulate the expression of individual social behaviors. The existing data suggest that AVP can influence social behavior by modulating the interpretation of sensory information, by influencing decision making and by triggering complex motor outputs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Social Behavior. PMID:22079778

Albers, H Elliott

2012-03-01

32

Transformation of Science Communication in the Age of Social Media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of the present article is to discuss several consequences of the Open Science from a perspective of science communication and philosophy of communication. Apart from the purely communicative and philosophical issues, the paper deals with the questions that concern the science popularization process through social media (especially Twitter and blogs). The article consists of three sections: the first one suggests a definition of science communication and social media, the second examin...

Kulczycki, Emanuel

2013-01-01

33

The Role of Social Media in the Communication of Leaders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis explores the impact of social media on leadership. For this purpose, it presents a new model for the communication of leaders. This builds on the empirical finding; that leaders must optimize two elements in order to communicate effectively; communication channel and communication style. It then seeks to explore the impact of social media on this model. On a general level, this impact is categorized into five subparts; openness, transparency, personification, power, and control. O...

Viktil, Joachim

2011-01-01

34

Social/Communication Skills, Cognition, and Vocational Functioning in Schizophrenia  

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Deficits in social/communications skills have been documented in schizophrenia, but it is unclear how these deficits relate to cognitive deficits and to everyday functioning. In the current study, social/communication skills performance was measured in 29 schizophrenia patients with a history of good vocational functioning (GVF) and 26 with a history of poor vocational functioning (PVF) using a role-play–based social skills assessment, the Maryland Assessment of Social Competence (MASC). A ...

2007-01-01

35

Stegobot: construction of an unobservable communication network leveraging social behavior  

CERN Document Server

We propose the construction of an unobservable communications network using social networks. The communication endpoints are vertices on a social network. Probabilistically unobservable communication channels are built by leveraging image steganography and the social image sharing behavior of users. All communication takes place along the edges of a social network overlay connecting friends. We show that such a network can provide decent bandwidth even with a far from optimal routing mechanism such as restricted flooding. We show that such a network is indeed usable by constructing a botnet on top of it, called Stegobot. It is designed to spread via social malware attacks and steal information from its victims. Unlike conventional botnets, Stegobot traffic does not introduce new communication endpoints between bots. We analyzed a real-world dataset of image sharing between members of an online social network. Analysis of Stegobot's network throughput indicates that stealthy as it is, it is also functionally p...

Nagaraja, Shishir; Piyawongwisal, Pratch; Singh, Vijit; Agarwal, Pragya; Borisov, Nikita

2011-01-01

36

Communication for Social Change Anthology : Historical and Contemporary Readings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This anthology, the result of 3 years of review of 1000+ articles, now assembles 150 authors with 200 contributions - full articles, excerpts and quotes - ranging from 1927 to 2005. The articles all have been selected upon the criteria of contributing conceptually to the field of communication for social change. The book is organised in two parts: the first part being cronological, from 1927-1995, and the second part containing 'the contemporary debate' in communication for social change, organised in 5 sub-themes: 1) Popular Culture, Narrative and Identity, 2) Social Movements & Community Participation, 3) Power, Media and the Public Sphere, 4) Paradigms in Communication for Development, 5) Information Society & Communication Rights.

2006-01-01

37

Leaders and Social Media : Improving HRM through better internal communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to create understanding for how social media affects the relationship between employees and leaders in organizations, and how social media could be used to improve internal communication. We also want to explore how this type of internal communication could be implemented in large organizations. From a theoretical perspective our ambition is to see how our findings relate to the theoretical field of internal communication and human resource management. The empiric...

2012-01-01

38

New Media and Leadership: Social Media and Open Organizational Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to identify and analyze the extent to which new media have penetrated the Romanian organizations’ internal communication and have influenced the leadership. We intend also to consider how social media becomes a tool for organizational communication and contributes to the creation of a new kind of leadership associated with open communication. We start from the premise that new media and social media can contribute to the leader’s mission to create around him a vision and m...

2013-01-01

39

Communication model for reputational crisis in social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This Master’s thesis aims to study what crisis communication strategies an organisation can use to prevent or mitigate reputational crisis in social media. The study discusses current social media crisis strategies and proposes to find new ones. The intention is to create a communication model for reputational crisis in social media. With the model it is possible to assess the likelihood of a paracrisis turning into a crisis and consequently choose an appropriate strategy. The model is henc...

Berlin, Ann-mari

2013-01-01

40

Learning about social psychology by researching on computer mediated communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The teaching of social psychology for Social Communication students can be an excellent opportunity to engage them in field research work. This is a way of providing the knowledge and the experience about how investigation is made in social sciences as well as developing the interest and the competencies for the scientific inquiry.

Xavier, Paulo; Cabecinhas, Rosa

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing ...

Mckelvey, Karissa; Rudnick, Alex; Conover, Michael D.; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

42

The expert game -- Cooperation in social communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Large parts of professional human communication proceed in a request-reply fashion, whereby requests contain specifics of the information desired while replies can deliver the required information. However, time limitations often force individuals to prioritize some while neglecting others. This dilemma will inevitably force individuals into defecting against some communication partners to give attention to others. Furthermore, communication entirely breaks down when individ...

Bendtsen, Kristian Moss; Uekermann, Florian; Haerter, Jan O.

2013-01-01

43

The social gradient in doctor-patient communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Objective In recent years, the importance of social differences in the physician-patient relationship has frequently been the subject of research. A 2002 review synthesised the evidence on this topic. Considering the increasing importance of social inequalities in health care, an actualization of this review seemed appropriate. Methods A systematic search of literature published between 1965 and 2011 on the social gradient in doctor-patient communication. In this review social class was determined by patient's income, education or occupation. Results Twenty original research papers and meta-analyses were included. Social differences in doctor-patient communication were described according to the following classification: verbal behaviour including instrumental and affective behaviour, non-verbal behaviour and patient-centred behaviour. Conclusion This review indicates that the literature on the social gradient in doctor-patient communication that was published in the last decade, addresses new issues and themes. Firstly, most of the found studies emphasize the importance of the reciprocity of communication. Secondly, there seems to be a growing interest in patient's perception of doctor-patient communication. Practice implications By increasing the doctors' awareness of the communicative differences and by empowering patients to express concerns and preferences, a more effective communication could be established.

Verlinde Evelyn

2012-03-01

44

Generativity Abilities Predict Communication Deficits but Not Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Science.gov (United States)

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often demonstrate impaired generativity that is thought to mediate repetitive behaviors in autism (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 40(6):839-849, 1999a). The present study evaluated generativity in children with and without ASD via the use-of-objects task (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry,…

Dichter, Gabriel S.; Lam, Kristen S. L.; Turner-Brown, Lauren M.; Holtzclaw, Tia N.; Bodfish, James W.

2009-01-01

45

Impacto de la ansiedad social, las habilidades sociales y la cibervictimización en la comunicación online (Impact of Social Anxiety, Social Skills and Cyberbullying on Online Communication)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present research examined online communication behaviour in a sample of preadolescents (10-12 years, n= 812). In addition, we examined the effect of social anxiety, social skills and experiences of cyberbullying on online communication behaviour. Online communication measures included items related to time online, platforms used, relationships and motives to go online. Social anxiety was assessed using the Social Anxiety Scale of Children Revised, social skills were measured using the Mat...

2012-01-01

46

Music goes social! : music startups' viewpoints on marketing communications, social media and music industry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis studies Finnish music industry startups’ viewpoints on marketing communica-tions and social media, as well as their views on the future of the music business. Four Finland based music industry startups were interviewed for the study. Separate chapters deal with the framework of the study: marketing communications, social media and music industry.

Vermasheina?, Kaisa

2011-01-01

47

Understanding Team Communication Characteristics using Social Network Analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An important aspect of human behavior in nuclear power plants (NPPs) is team interaction since operating NPPs involves the coordination of several team members among and within workplaces. Since operators in main control room (MCR) get a great deal of information through communication to perform a task, communication is one of the important characteristics for team characteristics. Many researchers have been studying how to understand the characteristics of communication. Social network analysis (SNA) which is considered as an objective and easily applicable method has been already applied in many fields to investigate characteristics of team communication. Henttonen (2010) has struggled to perform the research on the impact of social networks in a team and he found some team communication characteristics could be obtained using some properties of SNA. In this paper, SNA is used to understand communication characteristics within operators in NPPs

2011-05-01

48

Social Deficits, Stereotypy, and Early Emergence of Repetitive Behavior in the C58/J Inbred Mouse Strain  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mouse lines with behavioral phenotypes relevant to symptoms in neurodevelopmental disorders may provide models to test hypotheses about disease etiology and to evaluate potential treatments. The present studies were designed to confirm and expand earlier work on the intriguing behavioral profile of the C58/J inbred strain, including low social approach and aberrant repetitive movements. Additional tests were selected to reflect aspects of autism, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder character...

2010-01-01

49

Strategies for Teaching Social and Emotional Intelligence in Business Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporating social and emotional skills (EI) training into the business communication curriculum is important for preparing students to function effectively in a global workplace with its complex informal networks, intercultural issues, team emphasis, and participatory leadership. EI skills enhance communication behavior in work groups and…

Sigmar, Lucia Stretcher; Hynes, Geraldine E.; Hill, Kathy L.

2012-01-01

50

The communications model of using social network by sports clubs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents a model of marketing communications using social network by sports clubs. It presents the links between the sports club and its environment and uses of the Internet to promote it. The model of communication is composed of the elements responsible for the success of marketing in the web. Article also includes recommendations for using the model in practice.

S. Kowalski

2012-06-01

51

Social Responsibility in Advertising: A Marketing Communications Student Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advertising has played a key role in bringing corporate social responsibility (CSR) to the public agenda on behalf of agency clients, little effort has been made to define what social responsibility means in advertising. A national survey of 1,045 advertising and marketing communications students from 176 colleges and universities were…

Kendrick, Alice; Fullerton, Jami A.; Kim, Yeo Jung

2013-01-01

52

Face Scanning Distinguishes Social from Communication Impairments in Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

How closely related are the social and communicative impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Recent findings in typically developing children suggest that both types of impairment are highly heritable but have only moderate behavioural and genetic overlap. So far, their respective roles in social perception are poorly understood. Here we…

Falck-Ytter, Terje; Fernell, Elisabeth; Gillberg, Christopher; Von Hofsten, Claes

2010-01-01

53

Family Communication Patterns and Consumer Socialization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Questionnaires completed by 301 junior and senior high school students provided data for a study of family influences on the development of various consumer competencies, materialistic values, communication behaviors, and attitudes toward marketing stimuli. Family influences were studied in the context of two dimensions of communication…

Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

54

Generativity Abilities Predict Communication Deficits but not Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often demonstrate impaired generativity that is thought to mediate repetitive behaviors in autism (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 40(6):839–849, 1999a). The present study evaluated generativity in children with and without ASD via the use-of-objects task (Turner in J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 40(2):189–201, 1999b) and an Animals Fluency Task (Lezak in Neuropsychological assessment. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995). Groups diffe...

Dichter, Gabriel S.; Lam, Kristen S. L.; Turner-brown, Lauren M.; Holtzclaw, Tia N.; Bodfish, James W.

2009-01-01

55

Social media in an integrated marketing communication strategy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this research work is to find out how to integrate social media in Off-Road’s Finnmark marketing communications. One of the aims of this research is to help the case company to increase the usage of social media in their marketing strategy. The next objective is to develop a marketing strategy for Off-Road Finnmark, in order to assist the organization to implement social media.

Lopez Y Gonzalez, Manuel

2012-01-01

56

The expert game -- Cooperation in social communication  

CERN Document Server

Large parts of professional human communication proceed in a request-reply fashion, whereby requests contain specifics of the information desired while replies can deliver the required information. However, time limitations often force individuals to prioritize some while neglecting others. This dilemma will inevitably force individuals into defecting against some communication partners to give attention to others. Furthermore, communication entirely breaks down when individuals act purely egoistically as replies would never be issued and quest for desired information would always be prioritized. Here we present an experiment, termed "The expert game", where a number of individuals communicate with one-another through an electronic messaging system. By imposing a strict limit on the number of sent messages, individuals were required to decide between requesting information that is beneficial for themselves or helping others by replying to their requests. In the experiment, individuals were assigned the task t...

Bendtsen, Kristian Moss; Haerter, Jan O

2013-01-01

57

Online Friendship Formation, Communication Channels, and Social Closeness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studies of the quality of online social relationships are divided in their conclusions regarding the strength of social ties. Early conceptualizations described the weakness of electronic media in supporting social ties. By contrast, others have emphasized the compensating character of the Internet for specific social groups. This study investigated differences between adolescents who created online friendships and those who did not, and how far the place where a friend was met (online or face to face was related to the quality of social relationships, namely the perceived strength of social ties. Examining the dyadic friendship structure of a representative sample of Israeli adolescents, the study provides important contributions to the rapidly growing literature on online social relationships in general, and on youth networks in particular. The results support the social compensation approach to the study of online social relationship formation. The motivation for online friendship formation proved to be related to adolescents’ attempts to compensate for a lack of social support by using the Internet for communication. Furthermore, while face-to-face relationships remained highly important, for those adolescents who found in the Internet others with whom they developed intimacy, online ties were strong and meaningful. Additionally, adolescents with strong virtual ties were found to be distinctive in their social background. Our findings call for a qualification of the theoretical approach to online social ties, and imply that it is not the technology per se that obstructs or facilitates the formation of social friendship but the social embeddedness of the ties.

Ilan Talmud

2006-03-01

58

ON-LINE COMMUNICATION BY SOCIALIZATION SITES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Socialization online sites have become important landmarks for people all around the world and of all ages, especially for youth. Users of such services can socialize with people they know or with unknown, people located in the vicinity or at different distances, even on different continents. In other words, social online sites help people to interact with others of their kind, to know people who have the same passions as they have. The access to such sites is free and the members can build p...

Morozan Gigi-Cristian; Enache Elena; Vechiu Camelia; Marin Carmen

2010-01-01

59

Social stories, written text cues, and video feedback: effects on social communication of children with autism.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated the effects of written text and pictorial cuing with supplemental video feedback on the social communication of 5 students with autism and social deficits. Two peers without disabilities participated as social partners with each child with autism to form five triads. Treatment was implemented twice per week and consisted of 10 min of systematic instruction using visual stimuli, 10 min of social interaction, and 10 min of self-evaluation using video feedback. Results sh...

2001-01-01

60

CSR Communication Strategies for Organizational Legitimacy in Social Media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose â?? Organization legitimacy is a general reflection of the relationship between an organization and its environment. By adopting an institutional approach and defining moral legitimacy as â??a positive normative evaluation of the organization and its activitiesâ?, the goal of this paper is to investigate which corporate communication strategy adopted in online social media is more effective to create convergence between corporations' corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda and stakeholders' social expectations, and thereby, to increase corporate legitimacy. Design/methodology/approach â?? Using the entire Twitter social graph, a network analysis was carried out to study the structural properties of the CSR community, such as the level of reciprocity, and advanced data mining techniques, i.e. topic and sentiment analysis, were carried out to investigate the communication dynamics. Findings â?? Evidence was found that neither the engaging nor the information strategies lead to alignment. The assumption of the more the dialog, the more the communality seems to fail to portray the complexity of the communicational dynamics, such as the persistence of different, or simply a dialog without alignment. Empirical findings show that, even when engaging in a dialogue, communication in social media is still conceived as a marketing practice to convey messages about companies. Originality/value â?? This paper originally investigates organizational legitimacy in the context of social media by applying advanced data-mining techniques that allow the analysis of large amounts of information available online.

Colleoni, Elanor

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

How scientists use social media to communicate their research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Millions of people all over the world are constantly sharing an extremely wide range of fascinating, quirky, funny, irrelevant and important content all at once. Even scientists are no strangers to this trend. Social media has enabled them to communicate their research quickly and efficiently throughout each corner of the world. But which social media platforms are they using to communicate this research and how are they using them? One thing is clear: the range of social media platforms that scientists are using is relatively vast and dependent on discipline and sentiment. While the future of social media is unknown, a combination of educated speculation and persuasive fact points to the industry's continual growth and influence. Thus, is that not only are scientists utilizing social media to communicate their research, they must. The ability to communicate to the masses via social media is critical to the distribution of scientific information amongst professionals in the field and to the general population.

Van Eperen Laura

2011-11-01

62

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives such as crisis management and recruiting talent. The CSR perception among individuals is shaped by interpersonal and mass media communication; companies are perceived as responsible if their communication is rich in information. The information sources are mostly television and radio but there is a growing part of online channels as well. The study also suggests several possibilities for future research including the role of social networks and social media platforms in the diffusion of CSR.

Banu Dincer

2013-04-01

63

Future cooperative communication systems driven by social mobile networks  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this work we are underlining the importance of social mobile networks for upcoming cooperative communication systems. The assumption of this work is that future mobile communication systems will incorporate user cooperation, i.e. a combination of cellular access in parallel with ongoing short range links to the neighboring devices. It has been shown that user cooperation enables higher data rates, better spectral efficiencies, and reduces the energy consumption of the mobile unit. In this work the social mobile networks are identified to be a fertile ground to facilitate the cooperative use cases. By the example of the Gedda-Headz gaming community, possible links between cooperative mobile communication and social mobile networks are shown.

Blázovics, L.; Varga, C.

2011-01-01

64

La Communication pour le Changement et le Développement Social  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the manner of communication for social changes which allow a better understanding of the strategies of communication. Also it points out the actions and the processes of transforming politics for the development of the community. The purpose of the work is to define and describe the principles of this approach, its aims, reasons and also of its concerns, and to clear out itsambiguities. The Communication for the Social Change is based on a process, or a public or private debate. The people involved in this process define their being, their positions towards life, their wishes and what they need or do not need in their purpose to get involved in the community in orderto achieve social and lifestyle improvement.

Luminita Miron

2010-07-01

65

New Media and Leadership: Social Media and Open Organizational Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to identify and analyze the extent to which new media have penetrated the Romanian organizations’ internal communication and have influenced the leadership. We intend also to consider how social media becomes a tool for organizational communication and contributes to the creation of a new kind of leadership associated with open communication. We start from the premise that new media and social media can contribute to the leader’s mission to create around him a vision and makes others to share this vision. In terms of open communication, the external image of organization reflects, in part, leadership practices within the organization. It is about the exercise of the shared collective leadership (Don Tapscott, 1996 that should strengthen the organization position.

Viorica Pau?

2013-05-01

66

Risk communication and the social amplification of risk  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Risk communication is a novel concept in the scientific pursuit to understand and analyze risk related decisions and behavior in modem society. But the new term has only changed the focus of attention from a static description of what risk means for different communities to a dynamic analysis on how these communities exchange information about risk and adjust their behavior.The concept of social amplification of risk provides a framework for the analysis of communication as well as other soci...

1991-01-01

67

Reinforced communication and social navigation generate groups in model networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To investigate the role of information flow in group formation, we introduce a model of communication and social navigation. We let agents gather information in an idealized network society, and demonstrate that heterogeneous groups can evolve without presuming that individuals have different interests. In our scenario, individuals' access to global information is constrained by local communication with the nearest neighbors on a dynamic network. The result is reinforced int...

Rosvall, M.; Sneppen, K.

2008-01-01

68

Identity, Social Networks and Online Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Arguments about whether or not the Internet is creating new people or simply helping us to see ourselves in new ways are threaded through the literature on digital culture. People make new technology and exploit it for their own purposes and so it is reasonable to suggest that any changes in our social identities are wider in their reach than the…

Merchant, Guy

2006-01-01

69

Understanding social distance in intercultural communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Desde mediados del siglo XX ha ido creciendo progresivamente el interés por el estudio de la comunicación intercultural desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar. Dicho interés académico se ha visto fortalecido por el proceso de globalización que la sociedad está experimentando hoy en día, así como por el proceso de convergencia entre los países que conforman la Unión Europea y el fenómeno social de la inmigración masiva hacia occidente. La comunicación intercultural aborda el estu...

Guille?n Nieto, Victoria

2006-01-01

70

Creativity, social networking and changing business communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews literature on creativity, innovations, and creative organizations. An analytical approach has been undertaken using various articles to identify the need of innovation and creativity in today's world and how the innovation of social networking is changing business activities. Creativity and innovation are crucial factors for the endurance and progression of organizations in today's world. From the macroeconomic perspective, innovation is also related with economic growth, d...

Saif Hossain

2013-01-01

71

Fluid Centrality: A Social Network Analysis of Social-Technical Relations in Computer-Mediated Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, centrality is explored as a measure of computer-mediated communication (CMC) in networked learning. Centrality measure is quite common in performing social network analysis (SNA) and in analysing social cohesion, strength of ties and influence in CMC, and computer-supported collaborative learning research. It argues that measuring…

Enriquez, Judith Guevarra

2010-01-01

72

Social media in an integrated marketing communication strategy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this research work is to find out how to integrate social media in Off-Road’s Finnmark marketing communications. One of the aims of this research is to help the case company to increase the usage of social media in their marketing strategy. The next objective is to develop a marketing strategy for Off-Road Finnmark, in order to assist the organization to implement social media. Relevant articles and literature was reviewed in order to have data to develop the lite...

Lopez Y Gonzalez, Manuel

2012-01-01

73

Communication by electrical means in social insects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social insects, belonging to the order Hymenoptera, maintain a fixed, optimal temperature in their nest. Thus, in social wasps and hornets, the optimal nest temperature is 29 degrees C, despite the fact that they are distributed in regions of varying climates both in the northern and southern hemispheres of the globe. Since hornets and bees are relatively small insects, determination of their own body temperature as well as that of their nest and the brood was made via thermometers or by the use of infrared (IR) rays. It has been suggested that thermoregulation in social insect colonies is effected primarily by the adult insects via muscle activation, that is, fluttering of their wings, which can raise both their own and the ambient temperature by many degrees centigrade. However, the larval brood can also contribute to the thermoregulation by acting as heat resources and thereby raising the ambient temperature by 1-2 degrees C. To this end, the adult hornets are endowed with a well-developed musculature and their larvae, too, have muscles that enable them to move about. Not so the hornet pupae which are enclosed in a silk envelope (the cocoon), with a rather thick silk cap spun by the pupating larvae, and have rather undeveloped muscles. In the latter instance, it stands to reason that the pupae benefit from the nest warming achieved primarily by the adult hornets, but how is the information regarding their thermal needs relayed from them to the adults? Previously we showed that the adult hornets are attracted to the pupae by pheromones released by the latter, but such chemical compounds can only convey information of a general nature and we are still left with the question as to how the adult hornet can gauge or ascertain the temperature of a single insulated pupa. The present study provides evidence that the hornet pupa can indeed transmit information regarding its body temperature via electrical means. PMID:16268124

Galushko, Dmitry V; Ermakov, Natalya Y; Bergman, David J; Ishay, Jacob S

2004-01-01

74

The communication of meaning in social systems  

CERN Document Server

The sociological domain is different from the psychological one insofar as meaning can be communicated at the supra-individual level (Schutz, 1932; Luhmann, 1984). The computation of anticipatory systems enables us to distinguish between these domains in terms of weakly and strongly anticipatory systems with a structural coupling between them (Maturana, 1978). Anticipatory systems have been defined as systems which entertain models of themselves (Rosen, 1985). The model provides meaning to the modeled system from the perspective of hindsight, that is, by advancing along the time axis towards possible future states. Strongly anticipatory systems construct their own future states (Dubois, 1998a and b). The dynamics of weak and strong anticipations can be simulated as incursion and hyper-incursion, respectively. Hyper-incursion generates "horizons of meaning" (Husserl, 1929) among which choices have to be made by incursive agency.

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

75

Reinforced communication and social navigation generate groups in model networks  

CERN Multimedia

To investigate the role of information flow in group formation, we introduce a model of communication and social navigation. We let agents gather information in an idealized network society, and demonstrate that heterogeneous groups can evolve without presuming that individuals have different interests. In our scenario, individuals' access to global information is constrained by local communication with the nearest neighbors on a dynamic network. The result is reinforced interests among like-minded agents in modular networks; the flow of information works as a glue that keeps individuals together. The model explains group formation in terms of limited information access and highlights global broadcasting of information as a way to counterbalance this fragmentation. To illustrate how the information constraints imposed by the communication structure affects future development of real-world systems, we extrapolate dynamics from the topology of four social networks.

Rosvall, M

2008-01-01

76

The geospatial characteristics of a social movement communication network.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street. We find that, compared to a network of stable domestic political communication, the Occupy Wall Street network exhibits higher levels of locality and a hub and spoke structure, in which the majority of non-local attention is allocated to high-profile locations such as New York, California, and Washington D.C. Moreover, we observe that information flows across state boundaries are more likely to contain framing language and references to the media, while communication among individuals in the same state is more likely to reference protest action and specific places and times. Tying these results to social movement theory, we propose that these features reflect the movement's efforts to mobilize resources at the local level and to develop narrative frames that reinforce collective purpose at the national level. PMID:23483885

Conover, Michael D; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2013-01-01

77

The Influence of Communicative Competence on Perceived Task, Social and Physical Attraction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines whether communicative competence influences perceived task, social, and physical attractiveness. Results indicated that communicative competence accounted for 17 percent, 14 percent and 8 percent of the variance in perceived task, social, and physical attractiveness, respectively. (MM)

Duran, Robert L.; Kelly, Lynne

1988-01-01

78

Social Media and Strategic Market Communications of Festivals  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Since the emerging omnipresence of social media usage in Western societies, marketers have been eager to harness the strategic communication potential of new media (e.g. blogs, wikis, visual content sharing sites and online communities. This is also apparent in event tourism; for instance music festivals have proved to be early adopters of Facebook fan sites and Twitter in order to distribute information, campaigns and celebrity rumors to their potential visitors in an inexpensive way. On the other hand, the strategic use of social media has also been hypothesized to be paved with a number of challenges. In order to fill a void of empirical studies of managing festival communications, this paper explores how social media is used as a tool for marketing and service innovation. By conducting focus groups and personal interviews with larger music events (Storsjöyran, Way Out West and Roskilde festival), we investigate current practices, perceived risks and opportunities for revitalizingevent communications in general. During the inventory phase of the research project, two distinctive fields of knowledge gaps have been identified, namely (1) the effect and efficiency measurement methods in a social medial mix and (2) dilemmas of crowdsourcing as an institutionalized practice.

Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

2010-01-01

79

Corporate Social Responsibility Communication and Perception: Media and Risks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study aims to examine how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects are perceived from both an individual and organizational perspective. Using the framework used in studies on diffusion of innovations, the spread of CSR projects are examined. An online survey to identify individuals’ CSR and communication channel perception as well as interviews with CSR practitioners to have an organizational perspective is realized. Companies are using CSR as a tool to meet various objectives su...

2013-01-01

80

Canal*Motoboy, São Paulo (Brazil: communication for social change  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by «common citizens». The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Catalan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys from São Paulo (SP, Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Alisson DIAS GOMES

2012-02-01

 
 
 
 
81

Supporting Social Competence in Children Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with complex and severe communication impairments often cannot meet their communication needs with their natural voice and may require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). There are many communication and learning challenges facing children who use AAC; however, using AAC for social communication is especially…

King, Amie M.; Fahsl, Allison J.

2012-01-01

82

The Rules Grid: Helping Children with Social Communication and Interaction Needs Manage Social Complexity  

Science.gov (United States)

This article introduces a new practical visual approach, the Rules Grid, to support children who have social communication and interaction needs. The Rules Grid involves a system whereby behaviours of concern can be broken down into smaller behavioural manifestations which in turn lead not only to problem identification and specification, but…

Devlin, Niall

2009-01-01

83

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, education, health, interpersonal relationships are easier to be acquired and amplified Also, the local communities, companies, educational institutions or non-profit organizations increasingly approach themselves to the citizens, receive their problems and try to solve them efficiently. On the other hand, the expansion of the modern means of communication became possible by the steadily decreasing costs of information and of the appropriate management technologies. Virtual communities may, however, only partially replace the traditional communities and the direct physical interaction between people, because online connections are made between people, not between places. Moreover, a high degree of interconnection involves the spreading of ideas, links and various discoveries or improvements of some already existing equipment and processes. The content of this study paper is created using secondary sources of information – with limited and also limiting feature – in an office research, the areas of analysis being studied separately. The result of the study paper is to evidence the fact that the interest for the interactive electronic communication is increasing. We support the idea that such communication contributes to business development in a particular field, in the social sector, but it is better to be aware of its less desirable effects from which we can notice the loss of privacy, the identity theft, the aggressive promotion etc. In our opinion, in this study paper we only partially achieved to highlight the increasingly strong relationship between communication, interactivity and electronic media and, therefore, we hope that this demarche will be continued in other research.

Purice Suzana

2012-12-01

84

Time allocation in social networks: correlation between social structure and human communication dynamics  

CERN Document Server

Recent research has shown the deep impact of the dynamics of human interactions (or temporal social networks) on the spreading of information, opinion formation, etc. In general, the bursty nature of human interactions lowers the interaction between people to the extent that both the speed and reach of information diffusion are diminished. Using a large database of 20 million users of mobile phone calls we show evidence this effect is not homogeneous in the social network but in fact, there is a large correlation between this effect and the social topological structure around a given individual. In particular, we show that social relations of hubs in a network are relatively weaker from the dynamical point than those that are poorer connected in the information diffusion process. Our results show the importance of the temporal patterns of communication when analyzing and modeling dynamical process on social networks.

Miritello, Giovanna; Moro, Esteban

2013-01-01

85

The Structure of Information Pathways in a Social Communication Network  

CERN Document Server

Social networks are of interest to researchers in part because they are thought to mediate the flow of information in communities and organizations. Here we study the temporal dynamics of communication using on-line data, including e-mail communication among the faculty and staff of a large university over a two-year period. We formulate a temporal notion of "distance" in the underlying social network by measuring the minimum time required for information to spread from one node to another -- a concept that draws on the notion of vector-clocks from the study of distributed computing systems. We find that such temporal measures provide structural insights that are not apparent from analyses of the pure social network topology. In particular, we define the network backbone to be the subgraph consisting of edges on which information has the potential to flow the quickest. We find that the backbone is a sparse graph with a concentration of both highly embedded edges and long-range bridges -- a finding that sheds ...

Kossinets, Gueorgi; Watts, Duncan

2008-01-01

86

Internal Communication and Social Dialogue in Knowledge-Based Organizations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge-based organizations are constructed on intangible assets, such as the expertise and the values of the employees. As a consequence, motivation and professional excellence of employees are the main objectives of management teams. For this type of organizations, considered as true “knowledge systems”, the employees represent the most valuable resource that is not motivated only through financial means, but also through internal communication, autonomy or social rewards. The research of Eurofound shows that knowledge-based organizations have a low number of trade unions, while professional associations are more relevant for them. There is no tradition to defend through negotiation the working conditions of employees, thus it is important for managers to use the best practices, in order to increase the employees’ loyalty. We conducted a qualitative research concerning the quality of professional life of employees in five sectors of knowledge-based services: advertising-marketing, IT, banking and finance, research and development, and higher education; 15-20 employees from each sector were interviewed. Some of the questions referred directly to trade unions and affiliation, and also to internal communication. Although the results showed a different situation in each of the five sectors, there are few common characteristics: descendant communication is more frequent than ascendant communication, trade unions were reported as missing, unrepresentative or not very active, and the greatest part of employees in this sector are not affiliated, facts that limits the possibility of maintaining employees’ motivation on long term.

Diana-Maria CISMARU

2014-02-01

87

IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATION FOR NEW PROFESSIONALS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social Networking is a very wide concept, which means connecting of one being to another, either one or many. In this research paper, the author focusses on Social Networking and Communication, its importance in day to day life of professional, and its place in their busy schedule. This paper is mainly for the professionals who are newly entered in their professional field. To accomplish this research, the author conducted a survey of 50-60 sample size, which included Doctors, Professors, Advocates, Chartered Accountants and some new professionals also. Author took opinions from them through a small questionnaire. All the professionals were selected from Sangli, Koplhapur, JaysingpuansSatara in Western Maharashtra region.

SHILPA SHAH

2013-03-01

88

Developing a social media communication plan: case: the Quicker Steps project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social media is accepted as an effective communications and promotion tool. Social media tools such as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, blogging and podcasting are leveraged by different organizations for creating profiles, establishing communication, interaction and launching promotional activities. However, promoters might encounter certain challenges in targeting potential audiences and maintaining interest and the interaction of the audience in their social media profiles.

2012-01-01

89

Corporate Social Responsibility in Online Social Networks : An Empirical Analysis of Corporate Communication for Brands on the German Market  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Considering growing public awareness of social, ethical and ecological responsibility, companies have constantly been increasing their efforts in CSR communications. Social Media as tools of brand communication receive increasing attention and it is expected that the marketing sector will experience changes through this phenomenon in the future. This empirical study investigates the types of content that is communicated for different brands and industries in leading Social Media portals on the German market in 2011. It turns out that this kind of CSR communication differs in terms of portals used, as well as in contents. Also, remarkable differences between industries can be observed.

Horn, Christian; Brem, Alexander

2014-01-01

90

Electronic Word-of-Mouth Communication and Consumer Behaviour : An Exploratory Study of Danish Social Media Communication Influence  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The rapid adoption of social media, along with the easy access to peer information and interactions, has resulted in massive online word-of-mouth communication. These interactions among consumers have an increasing power over the success or failure of companies and brands. Drawing upon word-of-mouth communication and consumer behaviour theories, this paper investigates the use of word-of-mouth communication through social media among a group of Danish consumers. The findings suggest that electronic word-of-mouth communication among friends and peers affect consumer behaviour. Additionally, peer communication is perceived as more objective and therefore found more reliable than companiesâ?? brand communication. Furthermore, negative word-of-mouth is perceived as more trustworthy compared to positive messages, which are often believed to be too subjective. The research findings emphasise the importance one has to assign to social media as a source of reputation for companies and brands, which eventually impact consumersâ?? choices.

Pedersen, Signe Tegtmeier; Razmerita, Liana

2014-01-01

91

Elaboration of communicativeness of future social workers through the participation in institute’s volunteerism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is dedicated to definition of communicativeness structure of future social workers and highlighting its main components. Significant part of the article is played by the definition of the volunteerism role in elaborating communicativeness of students.

Uliya Galyshinskaya

2013-03-01

92

Folktales for Social Change - A Study of Dialogic Democracy, Oral Culture & Communication for Social Change in Rural Malawi  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Specialet 'Folktales for Social Change: A Study of Dialogic Democracy, Oral Culture, & Communication for Social Change in Rural Malawi' forbinder fagene Filosofi og Kommunikation i en dobbelt undersøgelse af, for det første, mulighederne for at forankre og fra filosofisk hold retfærdiggøre en dialogisk demokrati-teoretisk retning for ’Communication for Social Change’-paradigmet (CFSC) inden for kommunikations-forskning og -praksis. For det andet undersøger specialet hvordan den samme...

Jeppesen, Jonas Agerbæk

2012-01-01

93

Yeh, mon. No problem : An Ethnographic Study of Risk Communication and Social Trust in Jamaica.  

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The aim of this study is to examine the impact of social trust in public risk communication in St Elizabeth, Jamaica. From a cultural rationality approach is social trust assumed to affect the public’s risk perceptions and consequently their risk behavior when it comes to natural disasters. Hence, social trust is assumed to have an effect of how the citizenry of Jamaica perceives public risk communication. The risk communication carried out by the local authorities (St Elizabeth Parish Coun...

Hellsing, Fanny

2011-01-01

94

New insight for social risk communication of nuclear power towards social consensus for HLW disposal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the construction of effective knowledge base on safety and non-anxiety for nuclear power, a study on new communication system about social risk information has been initiated by noticing the rapid expansion of Internet in the society. By constructing Internet Website communication system on the geological disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, we conducted the experiment of communication for verifying the principles such as that the basic technical knowledge and trust, and social ethics are indispensable in this process to close the perception gap between nuclear specialists and the general public. The cognition structural equation model by means of the variables reduction method of multiple regression analysis and by compiling the significant paths by covariance structure analysis was built based on this experimental data. Moreover, by investigating more detailed public subconscious on the high-level radioactive wastes by 'text mining method' with the special reference to the Public Comment in July 2000 and the literature survey, it was found that the freely discussing ideas based on the environmental ethics such as 'fairness in results' and 'fairness in opportunity' from scratch would gain a potential of enhancing the social receptivity. (author)

2004-10-04

95

Social media marketing communications plan for a B2B company  

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The commissioner of this thesis, ebrand Suomi Oy, is a digital media agency possessing significant ability and knowledge of social media but they have trouble communicating this value for the customers even though they have a good presence in social media. The objective of this thesis is to develop a proper social media marketing communications plan for ebrand Suomi Oy, which could eventually be turned into a product package that the commissioner could offer to customers. Even though social m...

Puumala, Tero; Heliste, Paavo

2014-01-01

96

Social Identity and Crisis Communication : A Case Study at the U.S. Embassy in Helsinki  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this thesis was to research email crisis communication and its effect on the social identity of an organization’s employees. Social identity is an individual’s sense and knowledge of being part of a group. It is a central paradigm in the social psychological theory known as the “social identity approach.”

Ja?rvinen, Suvi

2013-01-01

97

Modeling self-organization of communication and topology in social networks  

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This paper introduces a model of self-organization between communication and topology in social networks, with a feedback between different communication habits and the topology. To study this feedback, we let agents communicate to build a perception of a network and use this information to create strategic links. We observe a narrow distribution of links when the communication is low and a system with a broad distribution of links when the communication is high. We also ana...

Rosvall, M.; Sneppen, K.

2005-01-01

98

PECULIARITIES OF SOCIAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF TEENAGERS WITH DIFFERENT THINKING STYLES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article deals with the studying of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence in teenage years. The paper provides the results of the comparative analysis of the peculiarities of social and communicative competence of teenagers with different thinking styles.

????? ????????????? ???????????

2013-06-01

99

Social and Communicational Skills in Upper Secondary Vocational Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the methodology used by the Finnish Education Evaluation Council in the national evaluation of social and communication skills in vocational education and training. The evaluation concentrates on key competences such as learning-to-learn skills, communication skills, social skills and entrepreneurship (Implementation of…

Raisanen, Anu; Rakkolainen, Mari

2009-01-01

100

Deferred Imitation and Social Communication in Speaking and Nonspeaking Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Deferred imitation and early social communication skills were compared among speaking and nonspeaking children with autism and children developing typically. Overall, the children with autism showed a lower frequency on measures of deferred imitation and social communication compared with typically developing children. Deferred imitation was…

Strid, Karin; Heimann, Mikael; Gillberg, Christopher; Smith, Lars; Tjus, Tomas

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Social Amplification of Risk and Crisis Communication Planing - Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Risk management has become a dominant concern of public policy and the ability of government to anticipate the strength and focus of public concerns remains weak. The Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) was designed to assist in this endeavor. It aims to facilitate a greater understanding of the social processes that can mediate between a hazard event and its consequences. SARF identifies categories of mediator/moderator that intervene between risk event and its consequences and suggests a causal and temporal sequence in which they act. Information flows first through various sources and then channels, triggering social stations of amplification, initiating individual station of amplification and precipitating behavioral reactions. The International Risk Governance Council Framework is an interdisciplinary and multilevel approach, linking risk management and risk assessment sphere through communication. This study aims to identify categories of mediator/moderator that intervene between the risk event and its consequences, using a survey on earthquake risk perception addressing population of Bucharest city. Romania has a unique seismic profile in Europe, being the country with the biggest surface affected in case of a serious earthquake. Considering the development of the urban area that took place in the last two decades and the growing number of inhabitants, Bucharest is the largest city in Romania and is exposed to extensive damages in case of an earthquake. The sociological survey has been conducted in December 2009 on a representative sample of the Bucharest population aged 18 and over (N=1376) using one stage sampling design. We used a stratified sample method shearing the investigated populations in six layers according to the six sectors of Bucharest. The respondents were selected using random digit dialling method (RDD) and the questionnaires were administered by research staff with computer assisted telephone interviewing method (CATI). The results of the field inquiries are used in developing risk/crisis communication plans. The survey has been made during the project Multihazard and vulnerability in the seismic context of the Bucharest Municipality. The research project has been financed by Romania National Authority of Scientific Research.

Stanciugelu, I.; Frunzaru, V.; Armas, I.; Duntzer, A.; Stan, S.

2012-04-01

102

A Communicational Approach to Content Management Concepts as a Differentiating Factor in Social Media Marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social media has made it possible for one person to communicate with hundreds or even thousands of other people about products and the companies that provide them. Social media applications can directly engage consumers in the creative process by both producing and distributing information through collaborative writing, content sharing, social networking, social bookmarking, The purpose of this article is emphasize the importance of content management in social media marketing.

Ebru ÖZGEN

2013-02-01

103

Using Social Media to Communicate Child Health Information to Low-Income Parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study was to determine the value of using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents. We evaluated qualitative data obtained through focus groups with low-income, predominantly Hispanic parents. Results were mixed; lack of time and credibility were the primary objections parents cited in using social media to obtain information about their children's health. Social media has value as part of an overall communication strategy, but more work...

Stroever, Stephanie J.; Mackert, Michael S.; Mcalister, Alfred L.; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

2011-01-01

104

Integrating Social Media into the Marketing Communication Strategy : The Case of ID24  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problem:  Integration of social media tools in marketing practice of B2B companies is not a widespread phenomenon yet. However, particular patterns of involvement already exist. Companies get connected through social media and they use Web 2.0 tools to engage the customers in communication and to interact and build relationships with them.   Purpose: The overall purpose of this thesis is to deepen and broaden the knowledge of the application of social media into the communication strategy ...

Amerian, Irsa; Pisareva, Natallia

2012-01-01

105

The Role of Communication in Enhancing Employees’ Organizational Commitment : Exploring the Relationship between Social-emotional-oriented Communication, Work-oriented Communication and Organizational Commitment in China  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to explore the roles of social-emotional-oriented communication and work-oriented communication in enhancing organizational commitment in the context of the People’s Republic of China. Literature regarding the functions of different types of communication was reviewed and the human relations theory was applied as the main guidance of the current research. The study utilized the statistical method to analyze the data collected from questionnaires. A total of 69 e...

Wang, Yan

2011-01-01

106

Social change communication in the service of the sustainability education movement in BC  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This project studied the communication challenges of the BC Sustainability Education Movement and formulated a communications framework and guideBlog to address these challenges. Designed to assist movement members in developing holistic and comprehensive communication plans for advancing movement goals, the framework and guideBlog were developed by applying current social change communications theory and community capital models to the challenges and barriers presented at the “How Sustaina...

Le Roy, Candace Elizabeth

2009-01-01

107

Communicative action: the Habermasian and Freirean dialogical approach to participatory communication for social change in a post-1994 South Africa  

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Full Text Available Despite its almost four decade mainstay, the field of parti-cipatory communication for social change still experiences a definitional and pragmatic problem regarding what exactly participation is (cf. Jacobson & Storey, 2004; Chambers, 1994; Melkote & Steeves, 2001; Rogers, 1976; Lerner, 1964; Schramm, 1964; Servaes, 1995. What remains is a vastly under-theorised field of participatory communication for social change. This article examines the possibility of participatory communication approaching the Habermasian “ideal speech situation” in which people, as communicators, are seen as having a value in their own right and not simply regarded as a means to an end (cf. Habermas, 1984; 1987; 1989. Consistent with the Freirean “liberal pedagogy”, the praxis of dialogical communication or intersubjective communication is seen as putting right the “participative” quality of participatory com-munication (cf. Freire, 1970. For both theorists, transformative action can only occur if reflective and collective learning occurs in linguistically constructed settings where the normative dimensions of truth (logos, rightfulness (ethos and truthfulness (pathos are raised and met in the developmental conversation. This is especially significant in a globalised world and fragmented, post-bourgeois public sphere where debate among developmental stakeholders is becoming more marginal, in-strumentalist, and less public. Based on available analyses of development communication literature, this article proposes that the chosen dialogical approaches share a type of communi-cative behaviour (i.e. action theoretic, rather than representing a particular paradigm or school of thought. This could offer further definitional clarification of proper participatory communi-cation for social change in a post-1994 South Africa.

H. Otto

2009-07-01

108

Inferring social status and rich club effects in enterprise communication networks  

CERN Document Server

Social status, referred to as the relative rank or position that an individual holds in a social hierarchy, is known to be one of the most important motivating forces in social behaviors. However, we have limited knowledge of how social status drives human behaviors in society, which have dynamic effects on promotion or demotion of individual status. The communication logs in enterprises provide us a great potential to reveal how social interactions and individual status manifest themselves in social networks. Herein, we use two enterprise datasets with three communication channels - voice call, short message, and email - to demonstrate the social behavioral differences between individuals with different status. On the individual level high-status users are more likely to be spanned as structural holes by linking to people in parts of the enterprise networks that are otherwise not well connected to one another. On the community level the principle of homophily, social balance and clique theory generally indic...

Dong, Yuxiao; Chawla, Nitesh; Lou, Tiancheng; Yang, Yang; Wang, Bai

2014-01-01

109

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

CERN Multimedia

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift towards innovative technology bound people networking which is becoming an acceptable domain of interaction. Though the traditional channels like TV, print media etc. are still active and prominent in marketing communication, the presences of the Internet and more specifically the Social Media Networking, has started influencing the way individuals and business enterprises communicate. It has become evident that more individuals and business enterprises are engaging the social media networking sites either to accelerate the sales of their pro...

Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

2012-01-01

110

Validity and Reliability of Newsha Cognitive, Social Communication and Motor Development Scale in Persian Speaking Children  

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AbstractObjectives: The goal of the present study was preparing and determining the validity and reliability of “Newsha Developmental Scale” as an integrated test of cognitive, social communication and motor skills of Persian speaking children. Method: The first version of Newsha scale was prepared in three developmental milestones of “cognition”, “social communication”, and “motor” in 13 age groups from birth to 72 months. After a pilot study, the test was conducted on 593 no...

2009-01-01

111

Stakeholder perceptions of communication of corporate social responsibility: case Lappset Group  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stakeholder Perceptions of Communication of Corporate Social Responsibility: Case Lappset Group Objective of the Study The objective of the study was to explore the stakeholder perceptions concerning communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the case company, Lappset Group Ltd. The target stakeholder group consisted of architects, landscape architects and landscape designers (referred to as architects), who are considered by the case company as important opinion leader...

Kiviluoma, Marianne

2013-01-01

112

Deferred Imitation and Social Communication in Speaking and Nonspeaking Children With Autism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Deferred imitation and early social communication skills were compared among speaking and nonspeaking children with autism and children developing typically. Overall, the children with autism showed a lower frequency on measures of deferred imitation and social communication compared with typically developing children. Deferred imitation was observed at a significantly lower level among the speaking and nonspeaking groups of children with autism. However, when comparing the speaking autism gr...

Strid, Karin; Heimann, Mikael; Smith, Lars; Gillberg, Christopher; Tjus, Tomas

2013-01-01

113

Second Life: A Strong Communication Tool in Social Networking and Business  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study is to present different communication methods in Second Life virtual world, its implication on social networking, business and future scope. The current study is a review of various literatures relating to social networking, virtual community, virtual reality and online business in Second Life. The study has shown the strong and competitive advantages of Second Life among other virtual worlds and the contributions it has made on real life through communication and ...

2010-01-01

114

COMMUNICATION BY MEANS OF THE NEW SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In our days, the electronic communication media is important because the communication forms based on interactivity lead the participants in the act of sending and receiving information to become more than simply issuers, listeners or viewers, integrating them into a dynamic system. In this approach, the study paper aims to prove the relationship between personal development and that of society determined by the new interactive communication instruments. At the individual level, training, edu...

2012-01-01

115

The Evolutionary Role of Interorganizational Communication: Modeling Social Capital in Disaster Contexts  

Science.gov (United States)

Employing a community ecology perspective, this study examines how interorganizational (IO) communication and social capital (SC) facilitated organizational recovery after Hurricane Katrina. In-depth interviews with 56 New Orleans organizations enabled longitudinal analysis and a grounded theory model that illustrates how communication…

Doerfel, Marya L.; Lai, Chih-Hui; Chewning, Lisa V.

2010-01-01

116

Fast, Broad, and Frequent: Campus Crisis Communications Today Demand Social Media  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of communication during a school crisis has not changed in the 21st century. What has changed--and quite dramatically since 1999--is the way people communicate. Social media tools are now used in some form by 100 percent of all four-year universities in the United States as a way to reach students, according to a 2011 University of…

Liggett, Billy

2012-01-01

117

Reduced social interaction and ultrasonic communication in a mouse model of monogenic heritable autism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism spectrum conditions (ASCs) are heritable conditions characterized by impaired reciprocal social interactions, deficits in language acquisition, and repetitive and restricted behaviors and interests. In addition to more complex genetic susceptibilities, even mutation of a single gene can lead to ASC. Several such monogenic heritable ASC forms are caused by loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding regulators of synapse function in neurons, including NLGN4. We report that mice with a ...

Jamain, Stephane; Radyushkin, Konstantin; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Granon, Sylvie; Boretius, Susann; Varoqueaux, Frederique; Ramanantsoa, Nelina; Gallego, Jorge; Ronnenberg, Anja; Winter, Dorina; Frahm, Jens; Fischer, Julia; Bourgeron, Thomas; Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Brose, Nils

2008-01-01

118

Being social when crisis knocks : Why and how companies use social media to communicate in a time of crisis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the past years communication patterns have been changing continuously due toincreased public demand for information and knowledge. Numerous social networks andwebsites have escalated and gained the attention of the academics and practitioners, as wellas the business society. Previously scholars researched this field of interest from differentperspectives. Thus it could be stated that the emphasis was put on the impact of the certainsocial media networks in terms of communication strategy...

Wie?ckowska, Natalia Joanna; Danila, Roxana Stefania

2012-01-01

119

Product communication strategy driven by social network profiles : an experimental teaching module  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the development and testing of an experimental teaching module on product communication strategy. The study aims to answer the question of how new social platforms such as Facebook can help in developing new strategies for product communication. Developing links between a product and consumer preferences. In this experimental learning module, students of the New Media Production course developed new strategies for product communication, identifying possible active archety...

Silva, J. M. G.

2012-01-01

120

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift tow...

Nair, T. R. Gopalakrishnan; Subramaniam, Kumarashvari

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Analyzing online communication from a social network point of view: questions, problems, perspectives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This programmatic paper investigates the possibilities, chances, and risks of analyzing personal and professional online communication from the point of view of interactional sociolinguistics combined with modern social network analysis (SNA). Thus, it has two complementing goals: One is the exploration of adequate, innovative concepts and methods for analyzing online communication, the other is to use online communication and its ontological and functional specificities to enrich the concept...

Bergs, Alexander

2006-01-01

122

Towards a Technology of Nonverbal Communication: Vocal Behavior in Social and Affective Phenomena  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nonverbal communication is the main channel through which we experience inner life of others, including their emotions, feelings, moods, social attitudes, etc. This attracts the interest of the computing community because nonverbal communication is based on cues like facial expressions, vocalizations, gestures, postures, etc. that we can perceive with our senses and can be (and often are) detected, analyzed and synthesized with automatic approaches. In other words, nonverbal communication can...

Mohammadi, Gelareh; Vinciarelli, Alessandro

2012-01-01

123

Connecting Content, Context, and Communication in a Sixth-Grade Social Studies Class through Political Cartoons  

Science.gov (United States)

Sixth-grade students are challenged in understanding social studies content relevant to particular contexts, then connecting the content and context to their contemporary lives while communicating new knowledge to peers and teachers. Using political cartoons published after September 11, 2001, one sixth-grade social studies teacher designed…

Gallavan, Nancy P.; Webster-Smith, Angela; Dean, Sheila S.

2012-01-01

124

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES USE IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL SCIENCES TEACHING IN FOREIGN SCHOOL ???????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the article the problem of information and communication technologies (ICT) introduction into the social science branch is considered, the analysis of experience of the European countries is submitted; examples of ICT application in the subjects of social science cycle of general school are given.? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? (???) ? ????????...

?????????, O. ?.

2010-01-01

125

The persistence of social signatures in human communication  

CERN Multimedia

The social brain hypothesis has suggested that social network size (and structure) is constrained by a combination of cognitive processes and the time required to service social relationships. We test this hypothesis in humans using a unique 18-month mobile phone dataset by examining changes in the structure of social networks across a major change in subjects' social and geographical circumstances. Our analysis reveals that the time allocation patterns of call frequency by participants to network members have a distinctive overall shape, where a small number of top-ranked network members received a disproportionately large fraction of calls, with some individual variation. However, importantly, whilst there was a large turnover of individual network members, these changes have little effect on the time allocation patterns of each individual: individuals thus displayed a distinctive "social signature" that was both persistent over time and independent of the identities of the network members. This provides th...

Saramaki, J; Lopez, E; Roberts, S G B; Reed-Tsochas, F; Dunbar, R I M

2012-01-01

126

The social gradient in doctor-patient communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Objective In recent years, the importance of social differences in the physician-patient relationship has frequently been the subject of research. A 2002 review synthesised the evidence on this topic. Considering the increasing importance of social inequalities in health care, an actualization of this review seemed appropriate. Methods A systematic search of literature published between 1965 and 2011 on the social gradient in doctor-patient communicatio...

Verlinde Evelyn; De Laender Nele; De Maesschalck Stéphanie; Deveugele Myriam; Willems Sara

2012-01-01

127

Communication on Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development in France  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

France is located at the crossroads of major European cultural currents, between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean, his attention to the preservation of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development has evolved in recent years by taking several attempts and measures. Many studies were interested to evaluate the scope of social and environmental disclosure by using different measures; these criteria do not cover all features which can reflect all social and environmental conc...

Lassaad Ben Mahjoub; Khmaoussi Halioui

2012-01-01

128

The Impact of Social Interaction and Communications on Innovation in the Architectural Design Studio  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Design is a social phenomenon and researchers suggest that social interaction, negotiations and communication between designers are essential to initiate creativity. Within the design studio environment, a number of factors affect the healthy social interaction and design negotiations, such as the teaching style of tutors and the culture that governs a design studio’s environment. This may in turn affect the utilization of the outcome of negotiations in the design project. Design studio stu...

Bhzad Sidawi

2012-01-01

129

Identical or Just Compatible? The Utility of Corporate Identity Values in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study explores whether companies embracing a corporate social responsibility agenda have a strategic focus on adapting and aligning their value systems to reflect such commitment. The analysis is based on empirical data and a conceptual model juxtaposing corporate values, corporate social responsibility values, and implementation to capture how the different configurations of these aspects may impact the communication carried out by corporations. The findings indicate that the companies in the data sample operate with two markedly different value systems. The coexistence of two value systems is discussed in relation to the reported difficulties that companies experience when facing the new and complex challenge of communicating corporate social responsibility.

Schmeltz, Line

2014-01-01

130

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Intervention Targeting Nonverbal Communication for Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome and Related Pervasive Developmental Delays.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study investigated the effectiveness of an 8-week social skills intervention targeting nonverbal communication for eight adolescents with Asperger syndrome. Although minimal nonverbal communication skills development was apparent, some social relationships were developed and the ability of some participants to read the nonverbal communication of…

Barnhill, Gena P.; Cook, Katherine Tapscott; Tebbenkamp, Kelly; Myles, Brenda Smith

2002-01-01

131

Assessment of communication of socially responsible activities in selected companies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Significance of socially responsible business activities has been growing constantly in recent years, mainly in the context of increasing competitiveness and gaining of goodwill. The companies pay bigger and bigger attention to the area of social responsibility and spend more and more financial funds on it. However, the

Str?i?teska?, Michaela; Barta?kova?, Kater?ina

2012-01-01

132

Communication Learning in Social Networks: Finite Population and the Rates  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Following the Bayesian communication learning paradigm, we propose a finite population learning concept to capture the level of information aggregation in any given network, where agents are allowed to communicate with neighbors repeatedly before making a single decision. This concept helps determine the occurrence of effective information aggregation in a finite network and reveals explicit interplays among parameters. It also enables meaningful comparative statics regardin...

Fan, Jianqing; Tong, Xin; Zeng, Yao

2012-01-01

133

Social media and language learning: enhancing intercultural communicative competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Researchers have established that cultural openness is essential in language teaching. Indeed, it is believed that languages cannot be appropriately understood without appreciating the culture in which they are developed, and empathising with the people who communicate through them. However questions have been raised as to how to enhance awareness of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) most effectively. Teachers have implemented a number of educational methods with the aim to promote...

2013-01-01

134

Paradox of the evolution of communication and of social interactivity.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Communication between individuals of a species is likely to increase the capacity to acquire skills useful for survival and propagation and thus may confer important selective advantages. Since interaction occurs between two or more individuals, the selective process is frequency dependent, and the analysis shows that communication cannot initially increase at a reasonable rate when it is limited to random unrelated individuals, so that it is likely to abort for stochastic reasons. However, t...

Cavalli-sforza, L. L.; Feldman, M. W.

1983-01-01

135

STor: Social Network based Anonymous Communication in Tor  

CERN Document Server

Anonymity networks hide user identities with the help of relayed anonymity routers. However, the state-of-the-art anonymity networks do not provide an effective trust model. As a result, users cannot circumvent malicious or vulnerable routers, thus making them susceptible to malicious router based attacks (e.g., correlation attacks). In this paper, we propose a novel social network based trust model to help anonymity networks circumvent malicious routers and obtain secure anonymity. In particular, we design an input independent fuzzy model to determine trust relationships between friends based on qualitative and quantitative social attributes, both of which can be readily obtained from existing social networks. Moreover, we design an algorithm for propagating trust over an anonymity network. We integrate these two components in STor, a novel social network based Tor. We have implemented STor by modifying the Tor's source code and conducted experiments on PlanetLab to evaluate the effectiveness of STor. Both s...

Zhou, Peng; Chen, Ang; Chang, Rocky K C

2011-01-01

136

Social Learning and Electronic Communication: Development of a Conceptual Framework.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to describe an evolving conceptual framework resulting from the use of a computer mediated discussion assignment in a graduate nursing course over the past several years. The objective has been to build a consensus among classmates via electronic communication concerning readings about making new knowledge more…

Lyness, Ann L.; And Others

137

Social Modulation of Associative Fear Learning by Pheromone Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Mice communicate through visual, vocal, and olfactory cues that influence innate, nonassociative behavior. We here report that exposure to a recently fear-conditioned familiar mouse impairs acquisition of conditioned fear and facilitates fear extinction, effects mimicked by both an olfactory chemosignal emitted by a recently fear-conditioned…

Bredy, Timothy W.; Barad, Mark

2009-01-01

138

Communication and Social Deficits in Relatives of Individuals with SLI and Relatives of Individuals with ASD  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigate two aspects of the autism triad, communication and social difficulties, in relatives of specific language impairment (SLI) probands (with and without additional autistic symptomatology) as compared to relatives of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Down’s syndrome (DS) probands. Findings involving 726 first degree relatives of 85 SLI, 99 ASD and 36 DS probands revealed a higher rate of communication difficulties in relatives of both subgroups of SLI probands compared to ASD a...

Pickles, Andrew; St Clair, Michelle C.; Conti-ramsden, Gina

2013-01-01

139

A South African university-practitioner partnership to strengthen capacity in social and behaviour change communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Globally, communication plays an integral role in public health strategies, from infectious diseases to diseases related to lifestyles. The evolution of the field of social and behaviour change communication (SBCC), combined with the need for evidence based practice and multi-level interventions to promote health, and human resource gaps in sub-Saharan Africa have led to the imperative to standardise and formalise the field. Moreover, current practitioners come from different disciplinary bac...

Christofides, Nicola J.; Sara Nieuwoudt; Shereen Usdin; Susan Goldstein; Sharon Fonn

2013-01-01

140

Communication strategies for corporate social responsibility of luxury brands :how to create harmony in a paradox  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The research question of this master thesis is how luxury brands can communicate their corporate social responsibility. The assumption that this thesis relies upon is that communication of CSR in the luxury industry is more challenging compared to other industries, because of the conflicting core values of the two. To situate this current study in a context, the literature review includes a chapter on CSR and on luxury respectively. In order to answer the research question at hand, I identify...

Kathuria, Vaishali Lara

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process....

2012-01-01

142

Social communication :the impact of online customer reviews on purchase intention  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Consumer-generated product reviews have proliferated online. Driven by the notion that customers’ decision to purchase a product is influenced by the information they obtain from online customer reviews, this thesis examines the impact of online customer reviews on purchase intention. To do so, the research integrates traditional communication theories, in particular social communication by Hovland (1948), with the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) to build a theoretical model. Importantly...

Johansen, Kai Vegard; Hovland, Filip Lundberg

2013-01-01

143

Good Communication: The Other Social Network for Successful IT Organizations  

Science.gov (United States)

Social networks of the electronic variety have become thoroughly embedded in contemporary culture. People have woven these networks into their daily routines, using Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, online gaming environments, and other tools to build and maintain complex webs of professional and personal relationships. Chief Information Officers…

Trubitt, Lisa; Overholtzer, Jeff

2009-01-01

144

Beyond Traditional DTN Routing: Social Networks for Opportunistic Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article examines the evolution of routing protocols for intermittently connected ad hoc networks and discusses the trend toward social-based routing protocols. A survey of current routing solutions is presented, where routing protocols for opportunistic networks are classified based on the network graph employed. The need to capture performance tradeoffs from a multi-objective perspective is highlighted.

Schurgot, Mary R.; Comaniciu, Cristina; Jaffre?s-runser, Katia

2011-01-01

145

An exploration of the strategic implementation of marketing communication within social networking communication context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Taking into consideration the dramatic changes ushered in by the exponential growth of social networking, marketers are left without a dependable framework on how to implement social networking strategically and in alignment with other modern as well as traditional marketing disciplines.

Cloete, Ewoudt

2012-01-01

146

Second Life: A Strong Communication Tool in Social Networking and Business  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to present different communication methods in Second Life virtual world, its implication on social networking, business and future scope. The current study is a review of various literatures relating to social networking, virtual community, virtual reality and online business in Second Life. The study has shown the strong and competitive advantages of Second Life among other virtual worlds and the contributions it has made on real life through communication and its impact on social networking and online business opportunities in virtual environment. The outcome of the findings have real world implication and useful to policy makers, managers and leaders for sharing information and decision making. The Second Life virtual environment based on web 2.0 technology has opened a wide platform on social, behavioral and information system research.

Sharma Gajendra

2010-01-01

147

Social Pressures and Mobile Communication Technology: Preliminary Understanding of Two Factor Analyses over Time  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Drawing from social perspectives, this proposed study reports factor analyses and regression results from two sample sets collected over time, and seeks to shed light on how social forces might affect the adoption behavior of rapidly growing mobile communication technology. On the one hand, similarities of those factor analyses suggest that a call for attention to social factors that are commonly lacking in the existing body of IT adoption literature is needed. On the other hand, disparities between regression results imply that adoption behavior over time might be more complicated than what was previously understood or anticipated. However, further evidence is needed to validate such assertion that was not concluded in indecisive regression results. As mobile communication technology penetrates the global knowledge economy, further understanding of how social factors influence user adoption behavior could help contribute to the greater IT business and research practice worldwide.

Peter Sutanto

2008-12-01

148

Organizational Conflict, Conflict Management, and Communication: A Social Complexity Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Organizational conflict research has centered on a few dominant models that have directed the development of the field in theory and in practice. Although these models have undoubtedly benefited the field by providing a common focus, the focused concentration has had costs. Specifically, there has been a lack of approaches that depart from the positivistic, linear, and reductionist views of communication and conflict. This study answers this call by exploring the possibilities and implication...

Siira, Kalle

2013-01-01

149

Ethics, Social Media and Mass Self-Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Un modèle révisé de l’éthique en matière d’information est présenté. Il peut s’avérer utile dans l’analyse des défis éthiques, dans ce que Manuel Castells décrit comme un système émergent d’"auto-communication de masse" dans lequel les media sociaux jouent un rôle-clé. Le modèle identifie trois sources ou spécificités de notre ère de l’information qui débouchent sur cinq problèmes éthiques liés à cinq droits individuels. Alors que le système d’...

Vaagan, Robert Wallace

2011-01-01

150

The Greens of Finland in social media: Facebook as a communication forum  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Greens of Finland is a Finnish political party which is actively involved in social media in general, and on Facebook in particular. The objectives of this thesis were to assess Facebook as a communication tool for the Greens and to improve the party’s social media strategy. The research was made during the period from February 2011 till January 2012. The research methods used were mainly qualitative – content analysis was made on all data. Furthermore, typology and quantification wer...

Leskinen, Hanna

2012-01-01

151

Exploring the communication relationship between corporate donors and social development NPO recipients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The complexities in the social development setting in South African are clearly evident from unemployment and poverty statistics, low levels of literacy and education and lacking government response to social ills (CASE 2003). Added to the complex environment in which South African non-profit organisations (NPOs) operate, is the communication relationship between NPOs and their corporate donors (as stakeholders of one another). This relationship is important for the survival and financial sus...

Fourie, Lynnette Mitizi; Dyk, Louise

2012-01-01

152

Intelligently Connecting People - Facilitating Socially Appropriate communication in Mobile and Office Environments  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The mobile phone has fundamentally changed our basic mechanics of social life. The research presented in this thesis will try to shed light on most important design trade-offs and strategies when negotiating between desirable communication and unwanted interruption, and has a significant contribution to make to the discussion of how technology can and should facilitate future mobile phone interactions: both by pushing the state of the art technologically and in socially intelligent design.

Danninger, Maria

2008-01-01

153

Communication perspectives on social networking and citizen journalism challenges to traditional newspapers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Communication perspectives are presented on the challenges posed to traditional newspapers by social media and citizen journalism, with special reference to the United States. This is an important topic given the critical role investigative reporting, long the domain of newspapers, plays in fostering democratic practices. New Media and social networking technology are evaluated in terms of their impact on the newspaper enterprise. Alternative scenarios for future developments are examined as ...

Katz, James E.

2011-01-01

154

Signaling and Reciprocity: Robust Decentralized Information Flows in Social, Communication, and Computer Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Complex networks exist for a number of purposes. The neural, metabolic and food networks ensure our survival, while the social, economic, transportation and communication networks allow us to prosper. Independently of the purposes and particularities of the physical embodiment of the networks, one of their fundamental functions is the delivery of information from one part of the network to another. Gossip and diseases diffuse in the social networks, ...

Galuba, Wojciech

2011-01-01

155

The Importance of Packaging and Graphic Design to Communicate Corporate Social Responsibility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Graphic design’s function develops through time. It does not only function to inform a product but also elements to communicate Corporate Social Responsibility. As happened in catastrophic areas in Indonesia like Aceh in 2004, Nias in 2005, Jogjakarta in 2007, Bekasi District in 2009, etc. many donated products had their contributor’s information, especially the ones from corporations. There are many ways a company could implement their social responsibility. Graphic design cannot stand a...

Listia Natadjaja

2011-01-01

156

Social Action through Educational Strategies: Ethics and the Election of Communication Etudies in Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of social action through educational strategies inspires the weight of ethic factors to choose Communication studies. It allows aprioristic data about the ethics in the future journalists and mass media professionals. It also collaborates in the marketing strategies. In our study we analyze the impact of ethics and values in the students’ choice of Communication studies in the Spanish University. We analyze the impact degree of ethics and Christian values in the selection process. We observe a high influence of ethics (humanistic and holistic ethics in the training, religious orientation as a factor considered to select the Communication studies.

Josep-Lluís del OLMO-ARRIAGA

2012-12-01

157

STor: Social Network based Anonymous Communication in Tor  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Anonymity networks hide user identities with the help of relayed anonymity routers. However, the state-of-the-art anonymity networks do not provide an effective trust model. As a result, users cannot circumvent malicious or vulnerable routers, thus making them susceptible to malicious router based attacks (e.g., correlation attacks). In this paper, we propose a novel social network based trust model to help anonymity networks circumvent malicious routers and obtain secure an...

Zhou, Peng; Luo, Xiapu; Chen, Ang; Chang, Rocky K. C.

2011-01-01

158

The Construction of Corporate Social Responsibility in Network Societies : A Communication View  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper introduces the communication view on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which regards CSR as communicatively constructed in dynamic interaction processes in today's networked societies. Building on the idea that communication constitutes organizations we discuss the potentially indeterminate, disintegrative, and conflictual character of CSR. We hereby challenge established mainstream views on CSR such as the instrumental view, which regards CSR as an organizational instrument to reach organizational aims such as improved reputation and financial performance, and the political-normative view on CSR, which highlights the societal conditions and role of corporations in creating norms. We argue that both the established views, by not sufficiently acknowledging communication dynamics in networked societies, remain biased in three ways: control-biased, consistency-biased, and consensus-biased. We discuss implications of these biases and propose a future research agenda for the communication view on CSR.

Schultz, Friederike; Castello, Itziar

2013-01-01

159

Analysis of Retailers’Communication Approaches in Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reports  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the emergence of stakeholders’ societal awareness, retailers adopted different types of social actions and have recently begun to publish social reports to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and social responsibility in order to be perceived as good corporate citizens.The purpose of this paper is to analyze and to discuss approaches adopted by retailers in communicating about their societal commitment through their non-financial reports.Using a qualitative methodology, we found that these reports are purely informative for some retailers, whereas for others, they are a societal positioning tool allowing retailers to differentiate themselves from competitors.

MEJRI Mohamed

2012-03-01

160

[Mass communication: social mechanisms of incorporation and dependence].  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes how the sociocultural and sociopolitical systems are trying to make developing countries resemble more and more the industrial countries. In the field of mass media, international organizations have gained increasing power to sell the techniques and develop advertising and sales volume for American entertainment programs. However the problems of development have been studied as if each country, each social change process were absolutely isolated from outside influences and from integration to the mass media. Local studies on the development and use of the medias in various countries could provide important material for a more complete understanding of the sociocultural processes on an international basis. PMID:12261382

Cruise O'brien, R

1979-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

The Impact of the Advancing Social-Communication and Play (ASAP) Intervention on Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates an intervention targeting social-communication and play skills (Advancing Social-communication and Play; ASAP) implemented by school staff in a public preschool setting. With increases in enrollment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in school systems, establishing the effectiveness and feasibility of…

Dykstra, Jessica R.; Boyd, Brian A.; Watson, Linda R.; Crais, Elizabeth R.; Baranek, Grace T.

2012-01-01

162

Differential Associations between Sensory Response Patterns and Language, Social, and Communication Measures in Children with Autism or Other Developmental Disabilities  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To examine patterns of sensory responsiveness (i.e., hyperresponsiveness, hyporesponsiveness, and sensory seeking) as factors that may account for variability in social-communicative symptoms of autism and variability in language, social, and communication skill development in children with autism or other developmental disabilities…

Watson, Linda R.; Patten, Elena; Baranek, Grace T.; Poe, Michele; Boyd, Brian A.; Freuler, Ashley; Lorenzi, Jill

2011-01-01

163

Emotional Intelligence, Communication Competence, and Student Perceptions of Team Social Cohesion  

Science.gov (United States)

Students generally report poor experiences of group work in university settings. This study examines whether individual student perceptions of team social cohesion are determined by their level of emotional intelligence (EI) and whether this relationship is mediated by their communication skills. Business students (N = 273) completed the 16-item…

Troth, Ashlea C.; Jordan, Peter J.; Lawrence, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

164

Information and Communication Technologies Used by Undergraduate Students in their Academic and Socialization Activities  

Science.gov (United States)

The growth of availability and access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in higher education in Mexico is a fact. Nevertheless, not much is known about how students use these resources in their school and social activities. A survey to obtain information about how undergraduates use web resources and cell phones was designed and…

Herrera-Batista, Miguel A.; Gonzalez-Martinez, Maria Dolores

2008-01-01

165

Social media as a new channel for company communication on the example of clothing company  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evolution of marketing orientations, issues of company and market communication are submitted in the article. The role of social media and its using by companies and their customers are pointed. The author of this article has presented the results of the research conducted with young citizens of Silesia Voivodeship.

A. Widawska-Stanisz

2014-03-01

166

How Useful Is the Social Communication Questionnaire in Toddlers at Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder?  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a screening instrument with established validity against the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) in children aged 4 years and older. Indices of diagnostic accuracy have been shown to be strong in school-aged samples; however, relatively little is known about the performance of the…

Oosterling, Iris; Rommelse, Nanda; De Jonge, Maretha; Van Der Gaag, Rutger Jan; Swinkels, Sophie; Roos, Sascha; Visser, Janne; Buitelaar, Jan

2010-01-01

167

Exploring the Potential of Social Network Sites in Relation to Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the results of a project which used a social network site to support students on a year abroad and foster informal learning, particularly in the area of intercultural communication. The project employed a peer-mentoring structure to solve the problem of role conflict, in which users of these sites may feel some tension as…

Lang, Anouk

2012-01-01

168

The Voice of Experience: How Social Scientists Communicate Family Research to Policymakers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Because scientific understanding of communicating family research to policymakers is incomplete, qualitative interviews were conducted with social scientists experienced in bridging the gulf between research and family policy. In keeping with the tenets of two communities and community dissonance theories, the underutilization of research in policymaking was attributed, in part, to misperceptions and miscommunication between researchers and policymakers who operate in different cultures. Soci...

Friese, Bettina; Bogenschneider, Karen

2009-01-01

169

When Do We Communicate Stereotypes? Influence of the Social Context on the Linguistic Expectancy Bias  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract The linguistic expectancy bias (LEB) refers to the tendency to describe expectancy consistent information at a higher level of linguistic abstraction than expectancy inconsistent information. Two experiments examined the influence of the social communicative context on the production of this linguistic bias by manipulating the group membership of the actor in, and the recipient of, stereotypical in...

2005-01-01

170

La saillance dans les campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale : analyse des ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Le champ d’investigation que nous nous proposons d’explorer lors de la présente étude porte sur les ressources linguistiques et sémiotiques de mise en relief ayant pour but la persuasion du public cible lors des campagnes publicitaires de communication sociale. Prenant appui sur les théories de Wolters (2001, de Stevenson (2002 et de Landragin (2010, parmi d’autres, nous nous proposons de dégager les instruments dont se sert la communication sociale pour marquer la saillance physique, cognitive et linguistique. On constatera par de nombreux exemples analysés, insérés dans notre corpus, qu’une entité de discours devient tout particulièrement saillante par la combinaison de critères divers tels que l’altération de l’ordre habituel de différentes catégories grammaticales dans la phrase, les fréquentes mises en apposition, les réduplications, les anaphores, les constructions syntaxiques qui marquent la rupture ou renforcent une certaine idée. Nous insisterons également sur la rigueur des principes techniques qui interviennent dans l'élaboration de la stratégie de communication sociale tels que l’unité du thème, la maîtrise du facteur temps, la considération de trois étapes bien délimitées : savoir – vouloir – agir. L’interprétation d’un message est basée sur la saillance préalable des entités discursives et des objets perceptibles dans une situation de communication mais la production du langage fait également intervenir la saillance, une saillance diverse selon la finalité de communication recherchée.

Eurrutia Cavero Mercedes

2012-07-01

171

Abordagem clínica e psicossocial das Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos LER / DORT / Clinical and psycho-social perspective of repetitive strain injuries RSI / WRMD  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Revisão bibliográfica, com abordagem clínica, psicológica e social dos problemas causados pelas Lesões por Esforços Repetitivos - LER, hoje melhor definidas como Distúrbio Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho - DORT. São discutidos neste texto, a sinonímia utilizada em toda a literatura pesquisa [...] da, alguns dados epidemiológicos, em nível mundial e nacional, quanto à distribuição da doença segundo algumas varáveis tais como: sexo, idade, tipo de atividade, tempo e localização anatômica das queixas, afastamento do trabalho etc. Além desses pontos, são enfocados estudos sobre fatores etiológicos e fisiopatológicos das LER / DORT. Por fim, buscou-se uma correlação entre todos estes fatores anteriormente citados e o psicossocial, pontuando os elementos que influenciam diretamente no aparecimento e/ou manutenção desta enfermidade multifatorial, salientado a importância da organização do trabalho na sua prevenção. Abstract in english This is a bibliographical revision work involving clinical, psychological and social disorders that are caused by the commonly known repetitive strain injuries (RSI) and better defined nowadays as Work-Related Musculo-skeletal Disease (WRMD). The synonymy used throughout the researched literature is [...] discussed in this text, together with some national and world-level epidemiological data concerning the distribution of the disease, listed in relation to some variables, such as: sex, age, type of activity, duration and location of anatomical complaints, absence from work, etc. Besides the above, studies were focused on the etiological and physio-pathological factors of RSI / WRMD, furthermore, efforts were made to establish a correlation between the aforementioned factors and psycho-social factors, pointing out the elements that directly influence the manifestation and / or maintenance of this multi-factorial infirmity, and the importance that work organization has in relation to its prevention.

Santos, Heleodório Honorato dos.

172

The Private Communications of Magnetic Recording under Socialism (Retrospective Disco Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyzes the formation and development of a general model of rare sound records in the structure of institutions of a social communication. The author considers psychocomminicative features of the filophone communication as a special type of interaction in the field of entertainment. The author studied the causes and conditions of a tape subculture in the USSR. It is observed the dynamics of the disco-communication in limited information conditions from socialism till modern high-tech conditions.At the end of the article the author argues based achievements in the field of advanced technology systems, innovation revival in the industry of music-record. Hence, using innovative approaches in the study, the author sets out the basic concept of recording popular music as a special information and legal institution, in retrospect, the theory and practice of the future needs in the information society.

Oleg Vladimir Sineokij

2013-07-01

173

The Role of Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams : A Social Network Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The importance of communication and trust in the context of global virtual teams has been noted and reiterated in the information systems (IS) literature. Yet precisely how communication and trust influence certain outcomes within virtual teams remains unresolved. In this study, we seek to contribute some clarity to the understanding of the theoretical linkages among trust, communication, and member performance in virtual teams. To this end, we identify and test three proposed models (additive, interaction, and mediation) describing the role of trust in its relationship with communication to explain performance. In testing the relationships, we note that the concepts of communication and trust are inherently relational and not properties of individuals. Thus, we argue that a social network approach is potentially more appropriate than attribute-based approaches that have been utilized in prior research. Our results indicate that the "mediating" model best explains how communication and trust work together to influence performance. Overall, the study contributes to the existing body of knowledge on virtual teams by empirically reconciling conflicting views regarding the interrelationships between key constructs in the literature. Further, the study, through its adoption of the social network analysis approach, provides awareness within the IS research community of the strengths of applying network approaches in examining new organizational forms.

Sarker, Saonee; Ahuja, Manju

2011-01-01

174

On building socially responsible printing: an Organizational Communication Based Study Carried out on Higher Education Institution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to analyze how organizational communication tools are used to manage printing, from both internal and external audiences, in what regards social responsibility in three Higher Education Institutions from Pernambuco (UFPE, FAFIRE, ASCES. In order to build our theoretical framework, we have used concepts from Printing Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Theory, Organi-zational Communication, Organizational Culture and Organizational Structure. With respect to culture, a system of representations and shared values emerges, according to Fischer’s Model (1996. This system influences and is influenced by the organizational structure. We present an overview of Higher Education Institutions and their role on building society, according to the argument presented by Calderón (2010. In this work we discuss the creation of socially responsible printing, through communication with the interested audien-ces, as suggested by the model proposed by Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997. The methodology chosen in this research work is a multiple case study. To this end, we have chosen three institutions, two located in Recife and one in Caruaru, cities in the state of Pernambuco. We have carried out a qualitative investigation. Thus, we have performed a field study with semi-structured interviews, document analysis, direct observations within the institutions in question, as well as indirect observation of photographs and videos. Amongst the results found, the actions performed were shown to be consistent with the management model and culture. The participants of the study have shown us that they are aware of the social role of Higher Education institutions, and have identified the students, professors, workers, students parents, associations, consumers and public service as the main stakeholders involved. Amongst the most commonly used strategies to build a socially responsible strategy, we can highlight exemplification and organizational pro-motion. Higher Education Institutions have shown consistency between Corporate Social Respon-sibility and their cultures and identities, insofar as they tend to communicate only what becomes practice. Our expectation is that this work can bring about knowledge that is relevant both to academia, in what regards the application and verification of theoretical models, as well as to communication and social responsibility managers, when they provide information about the social practices undertaken, as well as the printing management process that contributes to the image of a socially responsible Corporation.

Silvio Luiz Paula

2014-04-01

175

Comparative efficacy of the picture exchange communication system (PECS) versus a speech-generating device: effects on social-communicative skills and speech development.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and a speech-generating device (SGD) were compared in a study with a multiple baseline, alternating treatment design. The effectiveness of these methods in increasing social-communicative behavior and natural speech production were assessed with three elementary school-aged children with severe autism who demonstrated extremely limited functional communication skills. Results for social-communicative behavior were mixed for all participants in both treatment conditions. Relatively little difference was observed between PECS and SGD conditions. Although findings were inconclusive, data patterns suggest that Phase II of the PECS training protocol is conducive to encouraging social-communicative behavior. Data for speech outcomes did not reveal any increases across participants, and no differences between treatment conditions were observed. PMID:23952565

Boesch, Miriam C; Wendt, Oliver; Subramanian, Anu; Hsu, Ning

2013-09-01

176

The Impact of Social Interaction and Communications on Innovation in the Architectural Design Studio  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Design is a social phenomenon and researchers suggest that social interaction, negotiations and communication between designers are essential to initiate creativity. Within the design studio environment, a number of factors affect the healthy social interaction and design negotiations, such as the teaching style of tutors and the culture that governs a design studio’s environment. This may in turn affect the utilization of the outcome of negotiations in the design project. Design studio students from the third to fifth years at the College of Architecture, University of Dammam (UD, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA, were surveyed to find out how far the design studio’s culture and communication would impact the production of innovative design projects. The results show that frequent communication and the establishment’s shared grounds are essential to develop knowledge and positively influence the design outcome. On the other hand, the research found that negative qualities on a personal level and on that of a design studio environment would hinder a student’s creativity. However, to develop students’ design/innovative abilities, the researcher recommends that certain measures should be considered. These would include transforming the design studio into an interactive and friendly learning environment, adjusting the teaching methodology, and developing interactive communication abilities of students and tutors.

Bhzad Sidawi

2012-07-01

177

Time allocation in social networks: correlation between social structure and human communication dynamics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent research has shown the deep impact of the dynamics of human interactions (or temporal social networks) on the spreading of information, opinion formation, etc. In general, the bursty nature of human interactions lowers the interaction between people to the extent that both the speed and reach of information diffusion are diminished. Using a large database of 20 million users of mobile phone calls we show evidence this effect is not homogeneous in the social network bu...

Miritello, Giovanna; Lara, Rube?n; Moro, Esteban

2013-01-01

178

Frazzled by Facebook? An Exploratory Study of Gender Differences in Social Network Communication among Undergraduate Men and Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Although a majority of young adults are members of at least one social networking site, peer reviewed research examining gender differences in social networking communication is sparse. This study examined gender differences in social networking, particularly for Facebook use, among undergraduates. A survey was distributed to 268 college students…

Thompson, Sharon H.; Lougheed, Eric

2012-01-01

179

Communicating Culture : Can cultural studies, from a social constructivist perspective, enhance students' communicative competence?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Denna uppsats har som syfte att undersöka om kulturstudier kan öka den kommunikativa förmågan, sett ur ett social konstruktivistiskt perspektiv. Frågeställningarna är som följer: Är kulturstudier integrerat i engelska 5 kursen? Finns det en relation mellan kunskap om kultur i engelsktalande områden och länder och kommunikativ kompetens? Anser eleverna själva att kunskap om kultur ökar deras kommunikativa kompetens? Vald metod är kvalitativ intervju samt innehållsanalys av ämne...

2012-01-01

180

Communicative Competencies and the Structuration of Expectations: The creative tension between Habermas' critical theory and Luhmann's social systems theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

I elaborate on the tension between Luhmann's social systems theory and Habermas' theory of communicative action, and argue that this tension can be resolved by focusing on language as the interhuman medium of the communication which enables us to develop symbolically generalized media of communication such as truth, love, power, etc. Following Luhmann, the layers of self-organization among the differently codified subsystems of communication versus organization of meaning at...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

GHEORGHE ORZAN

2012-05-01

182

Culture and Social Relationship as Factors of Affecting Communicative Non-Verbal Behaviors  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The goal of this paper is to link a bridge between social relationship and cultural variation to predict conversants' non-verbal behaviors. This idea serves as a basis of establishing a parameter based socio-cultural model, which determines non-verbal expressive parameters that specify the shapes of agent's non-verbal behaviors in HAI. As the first step, a comparative corpus analysis is done for two cultures in two specific social relationships. Next, by integrating the cultural and social parameters factors with the empirical data from corpus analysis, we establish a model that predicts posture. The predictions from our model successfully demonstrate that both cultural background and social relationship moderate communicative non-verbal behaviors.

Lipi, Afia Akhter; Nakano, Yukiko

2010-01-01

183

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where they control the content. They decide on their own what they want to see and share with others. Thus, in order to manage marketing communications effectively, marketers must know the consumers’ opinions towards their presence in social networks.

Gheorghe ORZAN

2012-11-01

184

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

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Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive com-munication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-06-01

185

Predicting Social Networking Site Use and Online Communication Practices among Adolescents: The Role of Access and Device Ownership  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given adolescents' heavy social media use, this study examined a number of predictors of adolescent social media use, as well as predictors of online communication practices. Using data collected from a national sample of 467 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, results indicate that demographics, technology access, and technology ownership are related to social media use and communication practices. Specifically, females log onto and use more constructive communication practices on Facebook compared to males. Additionally, adolescents who own smartphones engage in more constructive online communication practices than those who share regular cell phones or those who do not have access to a cell phone. Overall, results imply that ownership of mobile technologies, such as smartphones and iPads, may be more predictive of social networking site use and online communication practices than general ownership of technology.

Drew P. Cingel

2014-01-01

186

LA REPITENCIA ESCOLAR EN ESCUELAS PRIMARIAS DE SAN MIGUEL DE TUCUMÁN. UNA APROXIMACIÓN DESDE LAS REPRESENTACIONES SOCIALES Y LAS RELACIONES ENTRE DOCENTES Y ESTUDIANTES REPITENTES (GRADE REPETITION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF SAN MIGUEL DE TUCUMÁN. AN APPROACH FROM TEACHER´S AND GRADE REPEATING PUPIL´S SOCIAL REPRESENTATIONS AND RELATIONSHIPS  

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Full Text Available Resumen:Este artículo presenta resultados de investigación sobre las representaciones sociales de docentes y estudiantes repitentes acerca de la repitencia, y sus implicaciones en las relaciones entre estos actores educativos. La metodología utilizada fue de tipo cualitativo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a docentes y a estudiantes repitentes de primer grado, y observaciones participantes en escuelas de San Miguel de Tucumán. El análisis de los datos se efectuó acorde a la teoría fundamentada. Se identificaron categorías y temas en las entrevistas y observaciones participantes, y se triangularon los datos para elaborar una teoría explicativa del fenómeno. Los resultados mostraron que las representaciones docentes inciden en la conformación de las representaciones de los niños repitentes y en las relaciones áulicas. Las docentes, que definieron a la educación de manera unicausal, se manifestaron favorables a la repitencia. Los estudiantes repitentes se representaron negativamente a la repitencia y a los vínculos con docentes y pares. Las interacciones áulicas evidenciaron comunicaciones unidireccionales y una aplicación desigual de normas. Esto permitía a las docentes mantener una autoimagen satisfactoria, pero influía negativamente en la de los niños repitentes. Las docentes que consideraron a la educación como un proceso complejo, definieron a la repitencia como una situación desfavorable. Las representaciones de los alumnos repitentes sobre la repitencia y las relaciones con docentes y pares aunaron aspectos negativos y positivos. Las relaciones áulicas evidenciaron comunicaciones uni y multi-direccionales y una aplicación de normas más equitativa. La autoimagen de las docentes y de los niños repitentes contenía aspectos positivos y negativos.Abstract: This paper presents research results on teacher´s and grade repeating children’s representations of grade repetition, and its implications for the relationships between them. The applied methodology was of qualitative type. Interviews in depth were held with first grade teachers and grade repeating pupils, as well as participant observations. Both of them took place in San Miguel de Tucuman´s schools. The analysis of the information was carried according to the based emergent theory. Categories and themes were identified, triangulated in order to build a theory about the phenomenon. The results showed that teachers´ representations affect the construction of grade repeating children’s own representations and classroom relationships. Teachers who defined education in a unicausal way, evinced a favorable attitude towards grade repetition. Grade repeating pupils had negative representations about grade repetition and relationships with teachers and peers. Classroom interactions showed unidirectional communications and slightly unequal application of the rules. This allowed teachers to hold a satisfactory self-image, but it had a negative influence on the grade repeating children. Teachers that considered education a complex process defined grade repetition as an unfavorable situation. Grade repeating pupils´ representations of grade repetition and relationships with teachers and classmates, included both negative and positive aspects. Classroom interactions showed uni and multi - directional communications and a more equitable application of rules. Teachers´ and grade repeating children self- images included positive and negative aspects.

Villalonga Penna María Micaela

2011-04-01

187

Scientific Story Telling & Social Media The role of social media in effectively communicating science  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific discourse generally takes place in appropriate journals, using the language and conventions of science. That's fine, as long as the discourse remains in scientific circles. It is only outside those circles that the rules and techniques of engaging social media tools gain importance. A young generation of scientists are eager to share their experiences by using social media, but is this effective? And how can we better integrate all outreach & media channels to engage general audiences? How can Facebook, Twitter, Skype and YouTube be used as synergy tools in scientific story telling? Case: during IODP Expedtion 342 (June-July 2012) onboard the scientific drillship JOIDES Resolution an onboard educator and videographer worked non-stop fort two months on an integrated outreach plan that tried and tested the limits of all social media tools available to interact with an international public while at sea. The results are spectacular!

Brinkhuis, D.; Peart, L.

2012-12-01

188

Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, education, and gender. The results of the regarding empirical studies may be summarised as such: teenager with low (formal education especially use internet services embracing 'entertainment, play and fun' while higher educated teenagers (also prefer intellectually more demanding and particularly services supplying a greater variety of communicative and informative activities. More generally, pedagogical and sociological studies investigating "digital divide" in a dif-ferentiated and sophisticated way - i.e. not only in terms of differences between those who do have access to the Internet and those who do not - suggest that the internet is no space beyond 'social reality' (e.g. DiMaggio & Hargittai 2001, 2003; Vogelgesang, 2002; Welling, 2003. Different modes of utilisation, that structure the internet as a social space are primarily a specific contextualisation of the latter - and thus, the opportunities and constraints in virtual world of the internet are not less than those in the 'real world' related to unequal distribu-tions of material, social and cultural resources as well as social embeddings of the actors involved. This fact of inequality is also true regarding the outcomes of using the internet. Empirical and theoretical results concerning forms and processes of networking and commu-nity building - i.e. sociability in the internet, as well as the social embeddings of the users which are mediated through the internet - suggest that net based communication and infor-mation processes may entail the resource 'social support'. Thus, with reference to social work and the task of compensating the reproduction of social disadvantages - whether they are medial or not - the ways in which teenagers get access to and utilize net based social sup-port are to be analysed.

2004-05-01

189

Socially Responsible Corporate Communications in Mexico: Evidence of the Large Companies by Their Operational Levels  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to know the general condition of business communications regarding Corporate SocialResponsibility (CSR) in large Mexican companies, and identify the significant differences in terms of a set ofindicators and in comparison with three different operational levels. Specifically, based in a relevant previousresearch work by Maignan and Ralston (2002) and analyzing the content of 150 Mexican business websites as asample frame, the study evaluates...

Teodoro Rafael Wendlandt Amezaga; Hai Yan He; Angel Alberto Valdés Cuervo

2013-01-01

190

Communication Inequalities, Social Determinants, and Intermittent Smoking in the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Intermittent smokers account for a large proportion of all smokers, and this trend is increasing. Social and communication inequalities may account for disparities in intermittent smoking status. Methods: Data for this study came from 2,641 ever-smokers from a 2003 nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Independent variables of interest included race/ethnicity, sex, household income, education, health media attention, and cancer-related beliefs. The outcome of interes...

Ackerson, Leland K.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2009-01-01

191

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use. Methods: This paper assesses th...

Rossem, Ronan; Meekers, Dominique

2007-01-01

192

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use. Methods This paper assesses the reach of selected radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS and of communications about the socially marketed Maximum condoms in Zambia, as well as their impact on condom use, using data from the 2001–2002 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. To control for self-selection and endogeneity, we use a two-stage regression model to estimate the effect of program exposure on the behavioural outcomes. Results Those who were exposed to radio and television programs about family planning and HIV/AIDS were more likely to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.16 for men and 1.06 for women. Men highly exposed to Maximum condoms social marketing communication were more likely than those with low exposure to the program to have ever used a condom (OR = 1.48, and to have used a condom at their last sexual intercourse (OR = 1.23. Conclusion Findings suggest that the reproductive health and social marketing campaigns in Zambia reached a large portion of the population and had a significant impact on condom use. The results suggest that future reproductive health communication campaigns that invest in radio programming may be more effective than those investing in television programming, and that future campaigns should seek to increase their impact among women, perhaps by focusing on the specific constrains that prevent females from using condoms.

Meekers Dominique

2007-12-01

193

Influence of social connectedness, communication and monitoring on adolescent sexual activity in Ghana  

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This paper examines connectedness to, communication with and monitoring of unmarried adolescents in Ghana by parents, other adults, friends and key social institutions and the roles these groups play with respect to adolescent sexual activity. The paper draws on 2004 nationally-representative survey data and qualitative evidence from focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with adolescents in 2003. Adolescents show high levels of connectedness to family, adults, friends, school and re...

Kumi-kyereme, Akwasi; Awusabo-asare, Kofi; Biddlecom, Ann; Tanle, Augustine

2007-01-01

194

The reach and impact of social marketing and reproductive health communication campaigns in Zambia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Like many sub-Saharan African countries, Zambia is dealing with major health issues, including HIV/AIDS, family planning, and reproductive health. To address reproductive health problems and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zambia, several social marketing and health communication programs focusing on reproductive and HIV/AIDS prevention programs are being implemented. This paper describes the reach of these programs and assesses their impact on condom use.

Van Rossem Ronan; Meekers Dominique

2007-01-01

195

[Mobile communication and health of population: estimation of danger, social and ethical problems].  

Science.gov (United States)

Population lives under new electromagnetic conditions: constant round-the-clock compulsory chronic exposure of all groups of population to modulated wide spectrum of EMF RF during the work of base stations of mobile communication; daily and lifelong (from childhood) exposure of the brain to EMF RF of the mobile phone. Effects of exposure to EMF RF of low levels are presented. Results of research into chronic EMF RF exposure are absent. International recommendations and domestic guidelines do not take into account the changing conditions of EMF RF influence on the population: the brain has become a critical body, and children have been included in the risk group. Population actively continues to use mobile communication. In this situation estimation of the risks from mobile communication has become a social and ethical problem. PMID:21866836

Grigor'ev, Iu G; Grigor'ev, O A

2011-01-01

196

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso / For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetiv [...] o deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia). Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas. Abstract in english We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behav [...] iour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent, Joule; Françoise, Bernard.

197

Por uma nova abordagem de mudança social: a comunicação do compromisso For a new approach of social change: committing communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os limites das ações de comunicação que repousam sobre a informação e a persuasão são conhecidos. Se elas permitem modificar as atitudes e os saberes, elas não permitem, entretanto, modificar os comportamentos efetivos, porque boas atitudes não são suficientes para ter bons comportamentos. O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma nova abordagem de mudança social à luz da teoria do compromisso. Três estudos são relatados, mostrando sua eficácia para promover os comportamentos de cidadania desejados (participação eleitoral, proteção do meio-ambiente e economia de energia. Esta abordagem, chamada "comunicação do compromisso", apóia-se sobre os atos preparatórios e os atos de comprometimento que convém obter das pessoas enfocadas.We already know the limits of communication actions based on information and persuasion. If that type of actions can lead to changing attitudes and knowledge, they hardly allow modifying the effective behaviours, simply because having the right attitudes is usually not enough to have the right behaviour. The goal of this article is to propose a new approach of social change in the light of the commitment theory. Three studies are reported, which show this theory efficiency to promote required citizenship behaviours: electoral participation, environmental protection and saving energy. This approach, called "committing communication", is based on preparatory acts and acts of commitment which are necessary to obtain from target subjects.

Robert Vincent Joule

2005-04-01

198

Repetitive Stress Injuries  

Science.gov (United States)

... t had any problems since. What Are Repetitive Stress Injuries? Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) are injuries that ... shoulders, knees, and heels. Continue What Causes Repetitive Stress Injuries? Most RSI conditions found in teens are ...

199

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

CERN Document Server

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "informational" use of Facebook is still significant, nonprofit organizations are better at using Facebook to strategically engage their stakeholders via "dialogic" and "community-building" practices than they have been with traditional websites. The adoption of social media seems to have engendered new paradigms of public engagement.

Saxton, Gregory D; Chiu, I-Hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

200

El videojuego en red social: un nuevo modelo de comunicación / Videojuego in social network: a new model of communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: Los videojuegos en las redes sociales son la combinación de una evolución paralela, por un lado el desarrollo del entretenimiento y las interfaces interactivas y, por otro, la evolución de los nuevos medios de comunicación, con Internet a la cabeza. Pasando por el correo electrónico y desarrollándose en múltiples direcciones, parece que las redes sociales se han convertido en el actual estándar de comunicación social, no solo en entornos grupales, sino de transmisión de información masiva de un modo viral. Una estructura no jerarquizada que ha conseguido atraer a más de 600 millones de usuarios y, con ellos, un enorme negocio. Como otros tantos, el videojuego se adentra en estos sites, un entorno que le es natural en un principio, recogiendo los frutos de los juegos multijugador masivos, pero pronto se enriquece adaptándose al medio y creando nuestras estructuras comunicacionales adecuadas a una nueva y desconocida situación. Como en otras aplicaciones de las TIC en ámbitos educativos, el videojuego puede ser utilizado con estos fines; no sólo con proyectos infantiles ni programas interactivos dedicados a la enseñanza, sino como videojuegos intrínsecamente. Casos como los serious games nos muestran las enormes posibilidades que tienen a distintos niveles. Para el caso de los videojuegos sociales, las opciones pedagógicas multiplican sus posibilidades al acceder a un público masivo con estructuras que, si bien pueden alejarse de los clásicos procedimientos educativos, sí que se fundamentan sobre estas bases ya que permiten una distribución rápida, barata y de acceso sencillo, sin que representen para el usuario una carga, sino un aprendizaje pasivo. Por ello, es importante preguntarse cómo se desarrolla un videojuego social, cuál es su narrativa, cómo se comportan los individuos ante él y, sobre todo, cómo podemos orientarlo hacia nuestros objetivos.Abstract: Videogames in social networks are a combination of a parallel evolution on the one hand the development of entertainment and interactive interfaces, and the evolution of new media, Internet to the head. Via email and develop in many directions, it seems that social networks have become the current standard of social communication, not only in group settings, but mass transmission of a viral way. Anon-hierarchical structure that has attracted more than 600 million users and with them, a huge business. As many others, the game goes into these sites, an environment that is natural at first, reaping the benefits of massively multiplayer games, but quickly adapting to the environment enriches our structures and creating appropriate communication to a new and unfamiliar situation .As in other applications of ICT in educational settings, the game can be used for this purpose, not only interactive children's projects and programs dedicated to teaching, but as games intrinsically. Cases such as serious games show the enormous possibilities that are at different levels. In the case of social gaming, educational options multiply their possibilities to access a massive public structure, although they may move away from traditional educational procedures, it is indeed based on these bases because they allow rapid deployment, cheap and easy access, without posing a burden to the user, but a passive learning. It is therefore important to ask how to develop a social game, what his narrative is, how individuals behave before it and, how we can guide you toward our goals.

Francisco Ignacio Revuelta Domínguez

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
201

Applying social marketing in health care: communicating evidence to change consumer behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social marketing uses commercial marketing strategies to change individual and organizational behavior and policies. It has been effective on a population level across a wide range of public health and health care domains. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of social marketing in changing health care consumer behavior through its impact on patient-provider interaction or provider behavior. Social marketers need to identify translatable strategies (e.g., competition analysis, branding, and tailored messages) that can be applied to health care provider and consumer behavior. Three case studies from social marketing illustrate potential strategies to change provider and consumer behavior. Countermarketing is a rapidly growing social marketing strategy that has been effective in tobacco control and may be effective in countering pharmaceutical marketing using specific message strategies. Informed decision making is a useful strategy when there is medical uncertainty, such as in prostate cancer screening and treatment. Pharmaceutical industry marketing practices offer valuable lessons for developing competing messages to reach providers and consumers. Social marketing is an effective population-based behavior change strategy that can be applied in individual clinical settings and as a complement to reinforce messages communicated on a population level. There is a need for more research on message strategies that work in health care and population-level effectiveness studies. PMID:18556638

Evans, W Douglas; McCormack, Lauren

2008-01-01

202

Social disparities, communication inequalities, and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes in India.  

Science.gov (United States)

Promoting awareness, increasing knowledge, and eliminating stigma is important for stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS. The relation of social determinants and communication inequalities with HIV/AIDS-related cognitive processes has not been studied previously in India. Gender-stratified Poisson regression models of 123,459 women and 73,908 men in the 2005-2006 National Family Health Survey were used to calculate relative risk estimates and 95% confidence intervals for these associations. Results indicated that there are significant inequalities in mass media use among different social classes. Education and wealth are strongly and positively associated with awareness of HIV/AIDS and knowledge about prevention and transmission of AIDS and negatively associated with HIV/AIDS-related stigma. These associations attenuated when use of various mass media types were added to the models with television showing the strongest effect. Mass media may be helpful in reducing social disparities in HIV/AIDS outcomes. PMID:21870161

Ackerson, Leland K; Ramanadhan, Shoba; Arya, Monisha; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2012-10-01

203

Actualidad y desafíos de la comunicación para el cambio social Formación y requerimientos de los profesionales de la comunicación / Current challenges in Communication for Social Change Educational requirements for professionals in Communication  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito fundamental de este trabajo es tomar como referencia los postulados de la comunicación para el cambio social y reflexionar críticamente respecto a la formación de comunicadores sociales en Chile, y cómo asumir, desde esa crítica, una nueva propuesta teórico-metodológica que permita entr [...] egar herramientas en los diseños curriculares, para proporcionar a quienes se están formando, un adecuado contexto sociocultural en comunicación. En el ámbito praxeológico, la comunicación para el cambio social, la comunicación para el desarrollo o la comunicación participativa y la comunicación alternativa, aun cuando Chile cuenta con importantes referentes históricos, están ausentes de los espacios formativos y reflexivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to take the postulates of Communication for Social Change as a reference and, within this framework, proceed with a critical reflection on the education received by social communicators in Chile; from here, we venture a new theoretical and methodological proposal wh [...] ereby tools for curricular design are presented in order to offer students an adequate socio-cultural context vis-à-vis communication. In praxeological terms, in Chile, and in spite of the fact that the country has important historical references, Communication for Social Change, Communication for Development, and/or Participative and Alternative Communication are still in want in most educational spaces.

MUÑOZ-NAVARRO, ANTONIETA; DEL VALLE ROJAS, CARLOS.

204

Gestational Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Reciprocal Social, Repetitive, and Stereotypic Behaviors in 4- and 5-Year-Old Children: The HOME Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may be involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorders, but identifying relevant chemicals within mixtures of EDCs is difficult. Objective: Our goal was to identify gestational EDC exposures associated with autistic behaviors. Methods: We measured the concentrations of 8 phthalate metabolites, bisphenol A, 25 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 6 organochlorine pesticides, 8 brominated flame retardants, and 4 perfluoroalkyl substances in blood or urine samples from 175 pregnant women in the HOME (Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment) Study (Cincinnati, OH). When children were 4 and 5 years old, mothers completed the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), a measure of autistic behaviors. We examined confounder-adjusted associations between 52 EDCs and SRS scores using a two-stage hierarchical analysis to account for repeated measures and confounding by correlated EDCs. Results: Most of the EDCs were associated with negligible absolute differences in SRS scores (? 1.5). Each 2-SD increase in serum concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether-28 (PBDE-28) (? = 2.5; 95% CI: –0.6, 5.6) or trans-nonachlor (? = 4.1; 95% CI: 0.8–7.3) was associated with more autistic behaviors. In contrast, fewer autistic behaviors were observed among children born to women with detectable versus nondetectable concentrations of PCB-178 (? = –3.0; 95% CI: –6.3, 0.2), ?-hexachlorocyclohexane (? = –3.3; 95% CI: –6.1, –0.5), or PBDE-85 (? = –3.2; 95% CI: –5.9, –0.5). Increasing perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations were also associated with fewer autistic behaviors (? = –2.0; 95% CI: –4.4, 0.4). Conclusions: Some EDCs were associated with autistic behaviors in this cohort, but our modest sample size precludes us from dismissing chemicals with null associations. PFOA, ?-hexachlorocyclohexane, PCB-178, PBDE-28, PBDE-85, and trans-nonachlor deserve additional scrutiny as factors that may be associated with childhood autistic behaviors. Citation: Braun JM, Kalkbrenner AE, Just AC, Yolton K, Calafat AM, Sjödin A, Hauser R, Webster GM, Chen A, Lanphear BP. 2014. Gestational exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and reciprocal social, repetitive, and stereotypic behaviors in 4- and 5-year-old children: the HOME Study. Environ Health Perspect 122:513–520;?http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307261

Kalkbrenner, Amy E.; Just, Allan C.; Yolton, Kimberly; Calafat, Antonia M.; Sjodin, Andreas; Hauser, Russ; Webster, Glenys M.; Chen, Aimin; Lanphear, Bruce P.

2014-01-01

205

Gestational Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Reciprocal Social, Repetitive, and Stereotypic Behaviors in 4- and 5-Year-Old Children: The HOME Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may be involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorders, but identifying relevant chemicals within mixtures of EDCs is difficult.Objective: Our goal was to identify gestational EDC exposures associated with autistic behaviors.Methods: We measured the concentrations of 8 phthalate metabolites, bisphenol A, 25 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 6 organochlorine pesticides, 8 brominated flame retardants, and 4 perfluoroalkyl substances in blood or urine samples from 175 pregnant women in the HOME (Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment) Study (Cincinnati, OH). When children were 4 and 5 years old, mothers completed the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), a measure of autistic behaviors. We examined confounder-adjusted associations between 52 EDCs and SRS scores using a two-stage hierarchical analysis to account for repeated measures and confounding by correlated EDCs.Results: Most of the EDCs were associated with negligible absolute differences in SRS scores (? 1.5). Each 2-SD increase in serum concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether-28 (PBDE-28) (? = 2.5; 95% CI: -0.6, 5.6) or trans-nonachlor (? = 4.1; 95% CI: 0.8-7.3) was associated with more autistic behaviors. In contrast, fewer autistic behaviors were observed among children born to women with detectable versus nondetectable concentrations of PCB-178 (? = -3.0; 95% CI: -6.3, 0.2), ?-hexachlorocyclohexane (? = -3.3; 95% CI: -6.1, -0.5), or PBDE-85 (? = -3.2; 95% CI: -5.9, -0.5). Increasing perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations were also associated with fewer autistic behaviors (? = -2.0; 95% CI: -4.4, 0.4).Conclusions: Some EDCs were associated with autistic behaviors in this cohort, but our modest sample size precludes us from dismissing chemicals with null associations. PFOA, ?-hexachlorocyclohexane, PCB-178, PBDE-28, PBDE-85, and trans-nonachlor deserve additional scrutiny as factors that may be associated with childhood autistic behaviors.Citation: Braun JM, Kalkbrenner AE, Just AC, Yolton K, Calafat AM, Sjödin A, Hauser R, Webster GM, Chen A, Lanphear BP. 2014. Gestational exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and reciprocal social, repetitive, and stereotypic behaviors in 4- and 5-year-old children: the HOME Study. Environ Health Perspect 122:513-520;?http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307261. PMID:24622245

Braun, Joseph M; Kalkbrenner, Amy E; Just, Allan C; Yolton, Kimberly; Calafat, Antonia M; Sjödin, Andreas; Hauser, Russ; Webster, Glenys M; Chen, Aimin; Lanphear, Bruce P

2014-05-01

206

Brief Report: No Association Between Parental Age and Extreme Social-Communicative Autistic Traits in the General Population  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This is the first investigation of the relationship between parental age and extreme social-communicative autistic traits in the general population. The parents of 5,246 children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) completed the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC). The association between parental age and SCDC scores was assessed in the full sample and among high scoring individuals (e.g. top 5%, 1%). There was no association between parental age an...

Robinson, Elise B.; Munir, Kerim; Mccormick, Marie C.; Koenen, Karestan C.; Santangelo, Susan L.

2011-01-01

207

Qualitative study of the communication processes of Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (RLCS) from 1998 to 2009  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article presents the results of a metrics study performed the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (Latina Journal of Social Communication) from January 1998 to December 2009. The quantitative analysis explores the communication processes registered in 878 articles, through five bibliometric indicators: gender, academic degree, country of origin, co-authorship and institutional affiliation. This last criterion was applied only to Spanish authors as they account for 55% of the scientifi...

2010-01-01

208

Communication activity in a social network: relation between long-term correlations and inter-event clustering  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The timing patterns of human communication in social networks is not random. On the contrary, communication is dominated by emergent statistical laws such as non-trivial correlations and clustering. Recently, we found long-term correlations in the user's activity in social communities. Here, we extend this work to study collective behavior of the whole community. The goal is to understand the origin of clustering and long-term persistence. At the individual level, we find th...

Rybski, Diego; Buldyrev, Sergey V.; Havlin, Shlomo; Liljeros, Fredrik; Makse, Hernan A.

2012-01-01

209

Energy saving, social and government communication; Ahorrro de energia, sociedad y comunicacion gubernamental  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The actions for the energy efficiency and the utilization of renewable energies are multiple and dispersed, in each one of the energy consumption points of the country. For this reason, two important factors to foment these actions are to promote the social participation and the effective government communication towards the society: energy saving and social participation. One of the main faculties of the National Commission of Energy Saving (CONAE) is to foment the efficiency in the energy use, through actions coordinated with the different agencies and organizations of the Federal Public Administration, with the governments of the federal entities and the municipalities and, through coordinated operations, with the private and social sectors. The CONAE has established mechanisms of coordination and cooperation with the private and social sectors, having fomented programs, projects and actions whose purpose is the energy efficiency, outstanding: 1) Committees and work groups; 2) Cooperation Agreements; 3) the Advisory Council for the Foment of Renewable Energy. [Spanish] Las acciones para la eficiencia energetica y el aprovechamiento de las energias renovables son multiples y dispersas, en cada uno de los puntos de consumo de energia del pais. Por ello, dos factores importantes para fomentar estas acciones son promover la participacion social y la comunicacion gubernamental eficaz hacia la sociedad: Ahorro de energia y participacion social. Una de las principales facultades de la Comision Nacional de Ahorro de Energia es fomentar la eficiencia en el uso de energia, a traves de acciones coordinadas con las diversas dependencias y entidades de la Administracion Publica Federal, con los gobiernos de las entidades federativas y de los municipios y, a traves de acciones concertadas, con los sectores social y privado. La CONAE ha establecido mecanismos de coordinacion y de cooperacion con los sectores privado y social, fomentando programas, proyectos y acciones cuyo proposito es la eficiencia energetica, destacado: 1) Comites y grupos de trabajo; 2) Convenios de Cooperacion; 3) el Consejo Consultivo de Fomento de la Energia Renovables.

Morales Camarena, Francisco [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2001-07-01

210

Integration of social aspects in radiation protection. The AIRP Work group on communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation protection has never been confined just to its scientific and quantitative aspects as it also incorporates a real and proper social factor. In most developed countries, considerations on the social and ethical issues of radiation protection and discussions on the approaches to stakeholder involvement are in a state of positive turmoil. Scientific and practical experts are identifying and promoting dialogue procedures, embracing ethical and social aspects, and are moving together to add to their experience in new and improved practices for the decision-making process. In early 2006, the Italian Radiation Protection Association (AIRP) set up a workgroup for the purpose of: 1-) Promoting dialogue among RP experts, experts in other disciplines, national and local authorities and the public, in relation to social awareness issues in the fields of ionising and non-ionising radiation protection; 2-) Promoting reflection on the mutual interactions between radiation protection and society; 3-) Contributing to the development and diffusion in the RP community of the culture of stakeholder engagement in the decision-making process. Aiming at promoting continual dialogue between the radiation protection community and society, an initial meeting was held in June 2006 on the fundamentals and objectives of RP communication, by focusing on issues such as: the credibility of information sources, the role of the mass media and institutions in risk communication. A workshop was held in November 2006 on the social aspects of radiation protection: experts in scientific journalism, sociology and medical physics, representatives of consumer associations, participants in a Government task commission, local authorities and representatives of the leading local and national institutions involved in RP, were given the opportunity of communicating and discussing the main socially-sensitive aspects of RP. The work of the AIRP group continued in 2007 with two events related on the ethical, social and legal aspects of radioactive waste management. In 2008, we intend to support the growth of RP culture in society by organizing an event concerning the various aspects of radiation protection education and information for non professionals. To invite suggestions and obtain new points of view, the group has opened a website and prepared a basic questionnaire. The AIRP workgroup is constantly creating the conditions and opportunities for extending knowledge about radiation protection and involving society as a whole in extensive debate concerning risk management. (author)

2008-10-19

211

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communication
technologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables are
marketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &
advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A research
model was developed and t...

Fatih Gecti; Ikram Dastan

2013-01-01

212

The Impact of Social Media-Focused Information & Communication Technologies on Business Performance via Mediating Mechanisms: An Exploratory Study on Communication and Advertising Agencies in Turkey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of social media-focused information & communicationtechnologies on business performance via some mediating variables. These mediating variables aremarketing-based outputs and costs. In this context, a survey was conducted on 152 communication &advertising agencies operating in Turkey that were selected through convenience sampling method. A researchmodel was developed and the proposed relationships were tested using structural equation modeling via AMOS.The empirical findings indicate that social media-focused information & communication technologies positivelyaffect the business performance via the mediation of marketing-based outputs and costs.

Fatih Gecti

2013-03-01

213

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tool...

2011-01-01

214

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tool...

2012-01-01

215

Social Media and Its Dual Use in Biopreparedness: Communication and Visualization Tools in an Animal Bioterrorism Incident  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article focuses on social media and interactive challenges for emergency organizations during a bioterrorism or agroterrorism incident, and it outlines the dual-use dilemma of social media. Attackers or terrorists can use social media as their modus of operandi, and defenders, including emergency organizations in law enforcement and public and animal health, can use it for peaceful purposes. To get a better understanding of the uses of social media in these situations, a workshop was arranged in Stockholm, Sweden, to raise awareness about social media and animal bioterrorism threats. Fifty-six experts and crisis communicators from international and national organizations participated. As a result of the workshop, it was concluded that emergency organizations can collect valuable information and monitor social media before, during, and after an outbreak. In order to make use of interactive communication to obtain collective intelligence from the public, emergency organizations must adapt to social networking technologies, requiring multidisciplinary knowledge in the fields of information, communication, IT, and biopreparedness. Social network messaging during a disease outbreak can be visualized in stream graphs and networks showing clusters of Twitter and Facebook users. The visualization of social media can be an important preparedness tool in the response to bioterrorism and agroterrorism.

Sjöberg, Elisabeth; Barker, Gary C.

2013-01-01

216

Communication, knowledge, social network and family planning utilization among couples in Mwanza, Tanzania.  

Science.gov (United States)

Family planning utilization in Tanzania is low. This study was cross sectional. It examined family planning use and socio demographic variables, social networks, knowledge and communication among the couples, whereby a stratified sample of 440 women of reproductive age (18-49), married or cohabiting was studied in Mwanza, Tanzania. A structured questionnaire with questions on knowledge, communication among the couples and practice of family planning was used. Descriptive statistics and Logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with family planning (FP) use at four levels. The findings showed that majority (73.2%) of respondents have not used family planning. Wealth was positive related to FP use (p=.000, OR = 3.696, and 95% C.I = 1.936 lower and upper 7.055). Religion was associated with FP use (p=.002, OR =2.802, 95% C.I = 1.476 lower and 5.321 upper), communication and FP use were significantly associated, (p=.000, OR = 0.323 and 95% C.I = 0.215) lower and upper = 0.483), social network and FP use (p=.000, OR = 2.162 and 95% C.I = 1.495 lower and upper =3.125) and knowledge and FP use(p=.000, OR = 2.224 and 95% C.I = 1.509 lower and upper =3.278). Wealth showed a significant association with FP use (p=.001, OR = 1.897, 95% C.I = 0.817 lower and 4.404).Urban area was positively associated with FP use (p= .000, OR = 0.008 and 95% C.I = 0.001 lower and upper =0.09), semi urban was significant at (p= .004, OR = 3.733 and C.I = 1.513 lower and upper =9.211). Information, education and communication materials and to promote family planning in Tanzania should designed and promoted. PMID:24069768

Mosha, Idda H; Ruben, Ruerd

2013-09-01

217

Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility: A study of the evolution of websites disclosures in Italy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of the paper is to analyse how the use of the Internet for social disclosure is changed over time. The paper presents a dynamic analysis on a sample of Italian companies that at the beginning of the observation period were listed on the Italian Exchange. The present use of the Internet for CSR-related communication of sample companies is analysed and compared to their mode of using this medium in 2003. Results highlight a growing and widespread diffusion of the use of the Internet for...

Del Bosco, Barbara

2011-01-01

218

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents : A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of all five advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

219

Communication of emergency public warnings: A social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

More than 200 studies of warning systems and warning response were reviewed for this social science perspective and state-of-the-art assessment of communication of emergency public warnings. The major findings are as follows. First, variations in the nature and content of warnings have a large impact on whether or not the public heeds the warning. Relevant factors include the warning source; warning channel; the consistency, credibility, accuracy, and understandability of the message; and the warning frequency. Second, characteristics of the population receiving the warning affect warning response. These include social characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age, social setting characteristics such as stage of life or family context, psychological characteristics such as fatalism or risk perception, and knowledge characteristics such as experience or training. Third, many current myths about public response to emergency warning are at odds with knowledge derived from field investigations. Some of these myths include the keep it simple'' notion, the cry wolf'' syndrome, public panic and hysteria, and those concerning public willingness to respond to warnings. Finally, different methods of warning the public are not equally effective at providing an alert and notification in different physical and social settings. Most systems can provide a warning given three or more hours of available warning time. Special systems such as tone-alert radios are needed to provide rapid warning. 235 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Mileti, D.S. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (USA)); Sorensen, J.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-08-01

220

Social Communication and Theory of Mind in Boys with Autism and Fragile X Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Impairments in the social use of language, or pragmatics, constitute a core characteristic of autism. Problems with pragmatic language have also been documented in fragile X syndrome, a monogenic condition that is the most common known genetic cause of autism. Evidence suggests that social cognitive ability, or theory of mind, may also be impaired in both conditions, and in autism, may importantly relate to pragmatic language ability. Given the substantial overlap observed in autism and FXS, this study aimed to better define those social-communicative phenotypes that overlap in these two conditions by comparing pragmatic language ability and theory of mind in children with idiopathic autism and children with FXS, with and without autism, as well as children with Down syndrome and typically developing controls. We further examined correlations between these cognitive-behavioral phenotypes and molecular genetic variation related to FMR1 in the FXS group. Results indicated that children with idiopathic autism and those with FXS and autism performed comparably on direct-assessment measures of pragmatic language and theory of mind, whereas those with FXS only did not differ from controls. Theory of mind was related to pragmatic language ability in all groups. Pragmatic language and theory of mind also correlated with genetic variation at the FMR1 locus (CGG repeats and percent methylation. These results point towards substantial overlap in the social and language phenotypes in autism and FXS and suggest a molecular genetic basis to these phenotypic profiles.

MollyLosh

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
221

Propagation, cascades, and agreement dynamics in complex communication and social networks  

Science.gov (United States)

Many modern and important technological, social, information and infrastructure systems can be viewed as complex systems with a large number of interacting components. Models of complex networks and dynamical interactions, as well as their applications are of fundamental interests in many aspects. Here, several stylized models of multiplex propagation and opinion dynamics are investigated on complex and empirical social networks. We first investigate cascade dynamics in threshold-controlled (multiplex) propagation on random geometric networks. We find that such local dynamics can serve as an efficient, robust, and reliable prototypical activation protocol in sensor networks in responding to various alarm scenarios. We also consider the same dynamics on a modified network by adding a few long-range communication links, resulting in a small-world network. We find that such construction can further enhance and optimize the speed of the network's response, while keeping energy consumption at a manageable level. We also investigate a prototypical agent-based model, the Naming Game, on two-dimensional random geometric networks. The Naming Game [A. Baronchelli et al., J. Stat. Mech.: Theory Exp. (2006) P06014.] is a minimal model, employing local communications that captures the emergence of shared communication schemes (languages) in a population of autonomous semiotic agents. Implementing the Naming Games with local broadcasts on random geometric graphs, serves as a model for agreement dynamics in large-scale, autonomously operating wireless sensor networks. Further, it captures essential features of the scaling properties of the agreement process for spatially-embedded autonomous agents. Among the relevant observables capturing the temporal properties of the agreement process, we investigate the cluster-size distribution and the distribution of the agreement times, both exhibiting dynamic scaling. We also present results for the case when a small density of long-range communication links are added on top of the random geometric graph, resulting in a "small-world"-like network and yielding a significantly reduced time to reach global agreement. We construct a finite-size scaling analysis for the agreement times in this case. When applying the model of Naming Game on empirical social networks, this stylized agent-based model captures essential features of agreement dynamics in a network of autonomous agents, corresponding to the development of shared classification schemes in a network of artificial agents or opinion spreading and social dynamics in social networks. Our study focuses on the impact that communities in the underlying social graphs have on the outcome of the agreement process. We find that networks with strong community structure hinder the system from reaching global agreement; the evolution of the Naming Game in these networks maintains clusters of coexisting opinions indefinitely. Further, we investigate agent-based network strategies to facilitate convergence to global consensus.

Lu, Qiming

222

Image Gently(SM): a national education and communication campaign in radiology using the science of social marketing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Communication campaigns are an accepted method for altering societal attitudes, increasing knowledge, and achieving social and behavioral change particularly within public health and the social sciences. The Image Gently(SM) campaign is a national education and awareness campaign in radiology designed to promote the need for and opportunities to decrease radiation to children when CT scans are indicated. In this article, the relatively new science of social marketing is reviewed and the theoretical basis for an effective communication campaign in radiology is discussed. Communication strategies are considered and the type of outcomes that should be measured are reviewed. This methodology has demonstrated that simple, straightforward safety messages on radiation protection targeted to medical professionals throughout the radiology community, utilizing multiple media, can affect awareness potentially leading to change in practice. PMID:19027684

Goske, Marilyn J; Applegate, Kimberly E; Boylan, Jennifer; Butler, Priscilla F; Callahan, Michael J; Coley, Brian D; Farley, Shawn; Frush, Donald P; Hernanz-Schulman, Marta; Jaramillo, Diego; Johnson, Neil D; Kaste, Sue C; Morrison, Gregory; Strauss, Keith J

2008-12-01

223

SRP meeting: social and political implications of communicating radiation risk, Daresbury, Warrington, 20 June 2001  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The SRP held a very interesting meeting in June at the Daresbury Laboratory in Warrington on the social and political implications of communicating radiation risk. In today's risk-aware society, effective communication is just as important as the control measures introduced to prevent or restrict exposure. In relation to radiation protection, risk communicators had a hard job because of: Public dread Likelihood of risk intensification Perceived inequitable distribution of risks. The higher the uncertainty, the more wary people were likely to be. Julie cited the International Nuclear Events Scale (INES) as a possible tool for promoting a consistent message across all publics. This was because it aimed to put events into proper perspective and provide a common understanding amongst the nuclear community, the media and the public. Julie summed up by saying that the risk communication was not just any form of communication and the issue of communicating radiation risks involved special consideration. Further research established that the more information given to the local population, the more likely that they would deny that there was a problem. Denial could moderate beliefs or emotional reactions to a situation. This then affected their dose as they were more likely to adopt risky behaviour by eating contaminated food and entering contaminated areas. Avoiding the need to undertake safe behaviour reduced stress levels. Furthermore, people adopted beliefs to suit their situation. For example, some inhabitants of the affected areas became adapted to the radiation and actually felt worse outside the contaminated area. There was strong pressure for the maintenance of a situation which actually prevented appropriate precautions being taken. Peter concluded that there was often confusion over the details of technical information that sometimes might not help to prevent a course of action being taken. However on a positive note the research did find credence and positive regard given to peer-provided information. In addition, the information on good practice developed by local focus groups in the area was actually used to limit personal dose. The conclusion was that key information should concentrate on what people needed to know in order to deal with everyday life. My personal conclusion for the day was that it could take time to set in motion partnerships for the future, but that should not stop us from laying down foundations on which to develop stakeholder dialogue for radiation protection. The future of radiation protection is likely to continue to evolve and we need to engage in active debate to help to secure a sustainable decision-making process

2001-12-01

224

The Digitalisation of Social Representations : The Influence of the Evolution of Communication Technology on the Development of Shared Ideas  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Human mentality is in constant change as new ideas emerge, are challenged, become concrete and are compared to existing concepts in the societal discourse. The theory of social representations is an attempt to explain this process. The study contributes to this field of enquiry by discussing how changes in communication technologies influence the process. New digital communication technologies, such as broadband Internet connections, smartphones, sophisticated Web search engines and similar d...

Wahlstro?m, Mikael

2012-01-01

225

Unpacking the Blockers: Understanding Perceptions and Social Constraints of Health Communication in Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) Susceptibility Families  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Family communication is essential for accurate cancer risk assessment and counseling; family blockers play a role in this communication process. This qualitative analysis of social exchanges is an extension of earlier work characterizing those who are perceived by study participants as health information gatherers, disseminators, and blockers within families with Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) susceptibility. Eighty-nine women, ages 23–56 years, enrolled in a Breast Imaging Stu...

Peters, June A.; Kenen, Regina; Hoskins, Lindsey M.; Koehly, Laura M.; Graubard, Barry; Loud, Jennifer T.; Greene, Mark H.

2011-01-01

226

Initial steps in extending crisis communication theory towards social media crisis dialogue: revisiting situational crisis communication framework  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Research Summary The main focus of this research is on the study of stakeholders' naturally occurring reactions to corporate crisis and crisis communication. The literature review aimed to combine situational crisis communication framework (SCCT) with the strategic public relations management theory to establish an idea of strategic two-way crisis communication. The case study evidence is drawn from the Toyota USA Facebook site in relation to the Toyota recall crisis in 2009-2011 and studi...

Laisi, Suvi

2013-01-01

227

The evolution of self-organizing communication networks in high-risk social-ecological systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently published research shows that members of regional communication networks form links based on how risky their exchanges with others may be: low-risk situations favor the creation of bridging structures that solve coordination problems, whereas high-risk situations lead to the establishment of bonding structures that make detection and punishment of defection more likely. This basic expectation has been tested in low-risk regional arenas, where indeed more bridging structures formed in time (Berardo and Scholz 2010. However, no empirical evidence on the formation of networks has been produced yet in high-risk social-ecological systems (HRSES. In this article, I study the network of communication among stakeholders in a small river basin in Argentina that has been subject to high levels of environmental stress over the last decades and empirically test whether more bonding structures tend to form in this high-risk SE system. Findings show that actors in the network have a tendency to create more triadic bonding structures, as expected. However, complementary results offer a more nuanced picture of how networks look like in highly-risky regional settings and caution against an overly optimistic view linking bonding in networks to the solution of collective action problems of a regional scale. 

Ramiro Berardo

2014-03-01

228

Non compliance to therapeutic prescriptions in paediatric patients: role of social communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this pilot study was to identify prevalent non-compliance behaviour in paediatric antibiotic therapy and to investigate the possible role of its social correlates. Patients' parents were surveyed at two paediatric practices in Catania, Italy, using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. The two practices were chosen for their location, in two different urban areas, to represent different sets of parents in terms of social status. Anticipated suspension of prescribed antibiotic therapy was the most frequently encountered form of non-compliance, shown by 41.2% of the parents. After partitioning the sample by mothers' occupational status--housewives versus working women--anticipated suspension revealed a positive association with educational level among the former group and a negative one, although not statistically significant, among the latter. Exposition to mass media messages about bacterial antibiotic resistance appeared to be a key intervening variable in interpreting these results, especially among more educated parents. Non-compliance was also associated with perceived characteristics of doctor-parents communication, particularly, with parents' perceived understanding of prescribed therapy. PMID:15554521

Agodi, A; Barchitta, M; Agodi, M C; Scuderi, M; Sciacca, S

2004-01-01

229

Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Religion, as a collective phenomenon, cannot be conceived of without taking communication into account. Nevertheless, the sense of the communicative element in religion has been mostly implicit or completely lacking in religious studies. This paper explores some of the recent openings in the study of religion and communication, focusing on religion and the media in the modern world. The paper closes by delineating some future prospects for the field.

Titus Hjelm

2005-12-01

230

The role of peer communication in the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences: a qualitative investigation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Recurrent pain is a common complaint among adolescents. Children learn to resolve or cope with pain largely through family dynamics, particularly maternal influences. By adolescence, young people possess an array of pain behaviors, the culmination of multiple opportunities for modeling and reinforcement of attitudes and beliefs about pain. Adolescence is a time of increased autonomy characterized by, among other complex factors, significant increases in peer influence. Although peers are influential in health-risk behavior, little is known how peers impact adolescents' pain experience. The present study explored the role of peers in adolescents' attitudes toward pain, pain behaviors and over-the-counter analgesics. Methods Sixty-minute focus groups were conducted with a sample 24 junior high school students from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (11 male: mean age = 13.45 years, range = 12–15 years; 13 female: mean age = 13.31 years, range = 12–15 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of five same-gender focus groups designed to explore a wide breadth and depth of information. Sessions were run until theoretical data saturation. Textual data, from transcribed audiotapes, were analyzed with the constant comparative method. Results Peer influences were apparent in how adolescents communicate about pain and how those communications effect pain expression. Overt pain responses to injury were primarily contextual and depended on perceived threats to peer-time and pain severity. Adolescents were intolerant of peers' pain behaviors when the cause was perceived as not severe. These attitudes impacted how adolescents responded to their own pain; males were careful not to express embarrassing pain in front of peers, females felt no restrictions on pain talk or pain expression. Evidence for peer influence on attitudes toward OTC analgesics was apparent in perceptions of over-use and ease of access. Findings are discussed within the context of social information-processing and gender role expectations. Conclusion Little research has addressed how young people experience pain within the context of the psychosocial influences that dominate during adolescence. The findings provide some insight into the role of peer influences via verbal and non-verbal communication, in adolescents' pain experience. This exploratory study is a necessary first step in understanding the socialization of adolescents' pain experiences.

Murray Michael

2008-01-01

231

The Role of Students' Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students' personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of…

Bakx, A. W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, J. M. M.; Sijtsma, K.; Croon, M. A.; Vermetten, Y. J. M.

2006-01-01

232

Are You An ELF? The Relevance of ELF as an Equitable Social Category in Online Intercultural Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines the different social categories that are made relevant when geographically dispersed speakers of English as an additional language communicate in chat rooms. Although the literature characterizes these interactions as English as a lingua franca, this paper explores to what extent interactants see themselves as lingua franca…

Jenks, Christopher

2013-01-01

233

Positive Effects of Methylphenidate on Social Communication and Self-Regulation in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Hyperactivity  

Science.gov (United States)

This report examined the effect of methylphenidate on social communication and self-regulation in children with pervasive developmental disorders and hyperactivity in a secondary analysis of RUPP Autism Network data. Participants were 33 children (29 boys) between the ages of 5 and 13 years who participated in a four-week crossover trial of…

Jahromi, Laudan B.; Kasari, Connie L.; McCracken, James T.; Lee, Lisa S-Y.; Aman, Michael G.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scahill, Lawrence; Tierney, Elaine; Arnold, L. Eugene; Vitiello, Benedetto; Ritz, Louise; Witwer, Andrea; Kustan, Erin; Ghuman, Jaswinder; Posey, David J.

2009-01-01

234

El riesgo: desafortunadamente un nuevo campo de desempeño profesional para la comunicación social / The Risk: Unfortunately a New Professional Performance Field for the Social Communication Studies  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La comunicación estratégica como soporte para la gestión del riesgo evidencia su efectividad en los procesos que generan impacto en la sociedad, como los desastres naturales. Solo ahí se mide la eficacia de las acciones propuestas en los planes estratégicos para la gestión del riesgo y socializadas [...] gracias a la comunicación social. La apuesta sobre la comunicación se convierte en un elemento fundamental, en la medida en que logra facilitar el diálogo de todos los actores sociales, el manejo de conceptos técnicos y la apropiación del tema por medio de estrategias comunicativas que generan conciencia en la población más vulnerable. La comunicación estratégica soportada desde otros conceptos del campo comunicacional trasciende sobre la simple herramienta, para convertirse en un proceso base, consciente, proyectivo, direccionado, metodológico e innovador. Abstract in english As a support for risk management, strategic communication makes evident its effectiveness on the processes that have great impact on societies, such as natural disasters. Unfortunately, only in those moments the real scope of effectiveness of the actions proposed in the strategic plans for Risk Mana [...] gement, and socialized via social communication, is truly measured. The commitment to communication becomes an essential element as it promotes the dialogue between all the social actors. It also promotes the command of technical concepts and the apprehension of topics related to the issue, through communicative strategies that generate consciousness on vulnerable population. In addition, it helps to the implementation of the real concept of sustained local development, as an unavoidable factor to think about disaster risk prevention.

MIGUEL ÁNGEL, IBARRA LÓPEZ.

235

Communication, advice exchange and job satisfaction of nursing staff: a social network analyses of 35 long-term care units  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The behaviour of individuals is affected by the social networks in which they are embedded. Networks are also important for the diffusion of information and the influence of employees in organisations. Yet, at the moment little is known about the social networks of nursing staff in healthcare settings. This is the first study that investigates informal communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care. We examine the structure of the networks, how they are related to the size of units and characteristics of nursing staff, and their relationship with job satisfaction. Methods We collected social network data of 380 nursing staff of 35 units in group projects and psychogeriatric units in nursing homes and residential homes in the Netherlands. Communication and advice networks were analyzed in a social network application (UCINET, focusing on the number of contacts (density between nursing staff on the units. We then studied the correlation between the density of networks, size of the units and characteristics of nursing staff. We used multilevel analyses to investigate the relationship between social networks and job satisfaction of nursing staff, taking characteristics of units and nursing staff into account. Results Both communication and advice networks were negatively related to the number of residents and the number of nursing staff of the units. Communication and advice networks were more dense when more staff worked part-time. Furthermore, density of communication networks was positively related to the age of nursing staff of the units. Multilevel analyses showed that job satisfaction differed significantly between individual staff members and units and was influenced by the number of nursing staff of the units. However, this relationship disappeared when density of communication networks was added to the model. Conclusions Overall, communication and advice networks of nursing staff in long-term care are relatively dense. This fits with the high level of cooperation that is needed to provide good care to residents. Social networks are more dense in small units and are also shaped by characteristics of staff members. The results furthermore show that communication networks are important for staff's job satisfaction.

Frijters Dinnus HM

2011-06-01

236

Social Robotic Experience and Media Communication Practices: An Exploration on the Emotional and Ritualized Human-technology-relations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article approaches the subject of social robots by focusing on the emotional relations people establish with media and information and communication technology (ICTs in their everyday life. It examines human-technology-relation from a social studies point of view, seeking to raise questions that enable us to make a connection between the research on human relationships and the topic of human-technology relation, especially human-humanoid-relation. In order to explore the human-technology-relations, theoretical ideas of a mediatization of communication and of a ritual interaction order are applied. Ritual theory is particularly used to enable a focus on emotion as a significant dimension in analyzing social technologies. This explorative article refers to empirical findings regarding media communication practices in close relationships. It argues that following the developed approach regarding mediatized and ritualized relational practices, useful insights for a conceptualization of the human-social robot relation can be achieved. The article concludes with remarks regarding the challenge of an empirical approach to human-social robot-relations.

Christine Linke

2013-01-01

237

Comunicação para mudança social: projeto Canal*Motoboy / Communications for social change: project Canal*Motoboy / Comunicación para el cambio social: proyecto Canal*Motoboy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Na atualidade, a mídia de referência enfrenta a propagação dos meios alternativos dirigidos à democratização das informações geradas por cidadãos comuns. O Canal*Motoboy constitui exemplo desta modalidade de comunicação. Sua proposta é consolidar uma estrutura aberta para dar voz ao coletivo de moto [...] boys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Devidamente treinados e recorrendo ao celular multimídia, registram seu dia a dia no website Canal*Motoboy. Este artigo analisa o projeto, a partir da concepção da comunicação para mudança social, uma vez que o direito à liberdade de expressão, historicamente, tem sido expropriado dos cidadãos por conta da expansão vertiginosa dos conglomerados comunicacionais. Além da revisão de literatura, o objeto de estudo segue perspectiva qualitativa mediante uso das técnicas de observação e de entrevista em profundidade para obtenção de informações complementares junto aos atores do coletivo. Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, los medios de comunicación de referencia se contraponen a la propagación de los medios alternativos dirigidos a la democratización de informaciones, generadas por ciudadanos comunes. El Canal*Motoboy constituye un ejemplo de esa modalidad de comunicación. Su propuesta es consolidar [...] una estructura abierta para dar voz al colectivo de motoboys de São Paulo (SP), Brasil. Debidamente entrenados y recurriendo al teléfono móvil multimedia, registran su día-a-día en el website Canal*Motoboy. Este artículo analiza este proyecto, a partir de la concepción de la comunicación para el cambio social, una vez que el derecho a la libertad de expresión, históricamente, ha sido expropiado de los ciudadanos por cuenta de la expansión de los conglomerados comunicacionales. Además de la revisión de literatura, el objeto de estudio se ha abordado desde una perspectiva cualitativa a través de la técnica de observación y de entrevista en profundidad para las informaciones de actores del colectivo. Abstract in english Nowadays, reference media faces the alternative media propagation, which uses different means and it is based on the work of independent producers who target the information democratization in every possible format at no cost and created by "common citizens". The Canal*Motoboy, a project by the Cata [...] lan Antoni Abad, is an example of this kind of communication. He aims to consolidate an open structure in order to give voice to motoboys¹ from São Paulo (SP), Brazil. After being properly trained and by using their multimedia cell phones, they register their routine on Canal*Motoboy website. This article analyzes the progress of this project, based on the communication for social change, once the right to freedom of expression, historically, has been expropriated from citizens on account of the expansion of communication conglomerates. The methodological approach will consist of observation and deep interview technique, as well as literature review.

Targino, Maria das Graças; Gomes, Alisson Dias.

238

Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

This theme issue on communication includes annotated listings of Web sites, CD-ROM and computer software, videos, books, and professional resources that deal with various methods of communication. Sidebars discuss mythology, photojournalism, sharing ideas on the Web, and songs of protest. Suggestions for class activities are also included. (LRW)

Online-Offline, 1998

1998-01-01

239

Communication, Interventions, and Scientific Advances in Autism: A Commentary  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect approximately 1 in 150 children across the U.S., and are characterized by abnormal social actions, language difficulties, repetitive or restrictive behaviors, and special interests. ASD include autism (autistic disorder), Asperger syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS or atypical autism). High-functioning individuals may communicate with moderate-to-high language skills, although difficulties in social skills may...

Llaneza, Danielle C.; Deluke, Susan V.; Batista, Myra; Crawley, Jacqueline N.; Christodulu, Kristin V.; Frye, Cheryl A.

2010-01-01

240

Towards a Renaissance in Communication for Social Change Redefining the discipline and practice in the post â??Arab Springâ?? era  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Worldwide, we have experienced a resurgence in practices of bottom-up communication for social change, a plethora of agency in which voice, citizenship and collective action have centre stage as core values, principles and practices. This resurgence sparks a series of questions; How are these new calls for social change and their principles and communicative practices influencing and informing the thinking and practice of institutionalized communication for development and social change? And what are the underlying conceptual differences in the notions of action, participation and social change which inform the new generation of social movements, on one side, and the established field of communication for social change, on the other? These are the questions that drive this chapter.

Tufte, Thomas

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Novel porcine repetitive elements  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Repetitive elements comprise ~45% of mammalian genomes and are increasingly known to impact genomic function by contributing to the genomic architecture, by direct regulation of gene expression and by affecting genomic size, diversity and evolution. The ubiquity and increasingly understood importance of repetitive elements contribute to the need to identify and annotate them. We set out to identify previously uncharacterized repetitive DNA in the porcine g...

Wiedmann Ralph T; Nonneman Dan J; Keele John W

2006-01-01

242

A new language in a new age? A case study of an authority's textual communication in a world of social media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In  the  society  of  today  social  media  occupies  an  ever  increasingly  part  in  the  life  of  the  modern  man.  Social  media  has  become  a  common  tool  in  communicating  thoughts,  ideas  and  information  for  companies,  authorities  and  private  individu--?  als  alike.  This papers purpose was that through a case study examine what form an authority’s textual communication through social media (in the form of Facebook and Twitte...

Berg, Daniel; Ka?llstedt, Ylva

2011-01-01

243

Stereotyping of medical disability claimants' communication behaviour by physicians: towards more focused education for social insurance physicians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews (social insurance physicians are probably influenced by stereotypes of claimants, especially because they have limited time available and they have to make complicated decisions. Because little is known about the influences of stereotyping on assessment interviews, the objectives of this paper were to qualitatively investigate: (1 the content of stereotypes used to classify claimants with regard to the way in which they communicate; (2 the origins of such stereotypes; (3 the advantages and disadvantages of stereotyping in assessment interviews; and (4 how social insurance physicians minimise the undesirable influences of negative stereotyping. Methods Data were collected during three focus group meetings with social insurance physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews with sick-listed employees (i.e. claimants. The participants also completed a questionnaire about demographic characteristics. The data were qualitatively analysed in Atlas.ti in four steps, according to the grounded theory and the principle of constant comparison. Results A total of 22 social insurance physicians participated. Based on their responses, a claimant's communication was classified with regard to the degree of respect and acceptance in the physician-claimant relationship, and the degree of dominance. Most of the social insurance physicians reported that they classify claimants in general groups, and use these classifications to adapt their own communication behaviour. Moreover, the social insurance physicians revealed that their stereotypes originate from information in the claimants' files and first impressions. The main advantages of stereotyping were that this provides a framework for the assessment interview, it can save time, and it is interesting to check whether the stereotype is correct. Disadvantages of stereotyping were that the stereotypes often prove incorrect, they do not give the complete picture, and the claimant's behaviour changes constantly. Social insurance physicians try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes by being aware of counter transference, making formal assessments, staying neutral to the best of their ability, and being compassionate. Conclusions We concluded that social insurance physicians adapt their communication style to the degree of respect and dominance of claimants in the physician-claimant relationship, but they try to minimise the undesirable influences of stereotypes in assessment interviews. It is recommended that this issue should be addressed in communication skills training.

Berkhof M

2010-11-01

244

Roles of repetitive sequences  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

Bell, G.I.

1991-01-01

245

Roles of repetitive sequences  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

Bell, G.I.

1991-12-31

246

Social marketing communication in a multicultural environment: Practical issues and theoretical contributions from cross-cultural marketing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Social marketing communication (social marcom campaign production can be more challenging when the audience includes individuals from ‘culturally and linguistically diverse’ (CALD communities. Additional issues such as culturally related values, practices, and attitudes need consideration. Normally, social marcoms campaigns for CALD audiences involve directly translating mainstream campaign material into various ethnic groups’ languages. However, little is understood about the issues beyond translation that confront practitioners adapting mainstream campaigns.This article presents a case study analysis of work undertaken by the New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service (MHCS. The Service’s core activity is adaptation of social marcoms campaigns for use with CALD audiences. Data for the case was collected from staff, MHCS clients, and members of target audiences. Four key issues emerge as significant in the process of adapting social marcoms campaigns at MHCS. These are: segmenting and identifying the target audience; adapting message content; source credibility; and integrating the adapted campaign with its mainstream counterpart.To provide theoretical insights and strategies to address these issues this article draws on cross-cultural marketing theory. For example, the theory of acculturation is used to provide an alternative to current segmentation practices. In the same vein, theories associated with the application of cultural typologies are used to explain why the practice of adaptation is not always successful. The article concludes by considering the implications of this study for further research.

Gary Noble.

2005-01-01

247

Place Existing Online Business Communication Classes into the International Context: Social Presence from Potential Learners' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent scholarship on global online courses points to the need to examine the issue of social context in an online global learning environment. To explore global learners' cultural perspectives on the social climate of an online class, we first review the social presence theory--which can be used to examine the social climate in an online…

Wang, Junhua; Wang, Hua

2012-01-01

248

Social Media in School Emergency Management: Using New Media Technology to Improve Emergency Management Communications  

Science.gov (United States)

Social Media is the use of social networking sites, messaging sites, texting, and other web-based or mobile technologies to support social interaction. Facebook is by far the most widely used social networking site. Twitter is by far the most widely used messaging site. The goals of this presentation are: (1) To provide an understanding of the…

Stephens, Kim

2011-01-01

249

Is Social Phobia a “mis-communication” disorder? Brain functional connectivity during face perception differs between patients with Social Phobia and healthy control subjects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently, a differential recruitment of brain areas throughout the distributed neural system for face perception has been found in social phobic patients as compared to healthy control subjects. These functional abnormalities in social phobic patients extend beyond emotion-related brain areas, such as the amygdala, to include cortical networks that modulate attention and process other facial features, and they are also associated with an alteration of the task-related activation/deactivation trade-off. Functional connectivity is becoming a powerful tool to examine how components of large-scale distributed neural systems are coupled together while performing a specific function. This study was designed to determine whether functional connectivity networks among brain regions within the distributed system for face perception also would differ between social phobic patients and healthy controls. Data were obtained from eight social phobic patients and seven healthy controls by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI. Our findings indicated that social phobic patients and healthy controls have different patterns of functional connectivity across brain regions within both the core and the extended systems for face perception and the default mode network (DMN. To our knowledge, this is the first study that shows that functional connectivity during brain response to socially relevant stimuli differs between social phobic patients and healthy controls. These results expand our previous findings and indicate that brain functional changes in social phobic patients are not restricted to a single specific brain structure, but rather involve a mis-communication among different sensory and emotional processing brain areas.

SabrinaDanti

2010-11-01

250

Research on online video games: an analysis of communication processes from the perspective of social and technological innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our study relates specifically massively multiplayer online games (known by the acronym MMOG. Our hypothesis is that this type of game is a medium of socialization, a mediation mechanism for sharing information on a large scale, because its universe of encounters and its network of exchange. More specifically, the present article raises a particular aspect of MMOGs, the appropriation by the players of the communication media and the development of addons.

Maude BONENFANT

2010-01-01

251

A Study on Communication Media Selection: Comparing the Effectiveness of the Media Richness, Social Influence, and Media Fitness  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Media selection has become a more complex problem because of the fast development of Information and Communication Technology. However, there is little quantified work on the tools for media selection decisions. The three main tools available are Media Richness Theory (MRT) [1], Social Influence Perspectives (SIP) [2], and Media Fitness Framework (MFF) [3,4]. MFF is a combination of the factors from MRT and SIP with additional factors for environmental and resource limitations. In this resear...

Rui Gu; Kunihiko Higa; Moodie, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

252

Communications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Five articles discussing communications in vocational education include "The Golden Rule of Administration" by Ben Mortensen; "Vital Link with Parents" by Richard Sullivan; "An Interpersonal Exercise" by John Villiers; "Face to Face with Employers" by Gregg Bosak; and "Recruitment Strategies" by Susan Miller. (SK)

Mortensen, Ben F.; And Others

1981-01-01

253

The use of a social network analysis technique to investigate the characteristics of crew communications in nuclear power plants-A feasibility study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Effective and reliable communications are very important in securing the safety of human-involved large process control systems because human operators have to accomplish their tasks in cooperative ways. This means that it is very important to understand the characteristics of crew communications, which can provide useful insights for preventing inappropriate communications. Unfortunately, in the nuclear industry, a systematic framework that can be used to identify the characteristics of crew communications seems to be rare. For this reason, the applicability of the social network analysis (SNA) technique to identifying the characteristics of crew communications was investigated in this study. To this end, the communication data of operating crews working in the main control room (MCR) of nuclear power plants (NPPs) were collected under two kinds of simulated off-normal conditions. Then the communication characteristics of MCR operating crews, which can be represented by the associated SNA metrics, were compared with communication characteristics that are already known from existing studies. As a result, it was found that SNA metrics could be meaningful for explaining the communication characteristics of MCR operating crews. Accordingly, it is expected that the SNA technique can be used as one of the serviceable tools to investigate the characteristics of crew communications in NPPs. - Highlights: ? Communications are very important for the safety of complicated socio-technical systems. ? A systematic framework to identify communication characteristics seems to be rare. ? The feasibility of the social network analysis (SNA) technique was investigated. ? It is expected that SNA metrics is meaningful for explaining communication characteristics.

2011-10-01

254

Nuevos modelos de comunicación, perfiles y tendencias en las redes sociales New Models of Communication, Profiles and Trends in Social Networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Las redes sociales en línea se han convertido en el estandarte de la Web 2.0, entorno que también aglutina a los blogs, wikis y chats. Existe una fina división entre una red social, un blog y un wiki. Hablar de redes sociales es referirnos al siguiente estadio de Internet, como en su momento fueron los blogs. Se han constituido en un fenómeno de masas cada vez más importante tanto así que ya algunas están integrando plataformas de blogs y wikis en una sola interfaz. Pero, ¿qué nuevas formas de comunicación y de negocio subyacen en las redes?, ¿qué perfiles profesionales se necesitan para esta nueva audiencia?, ¿deben los medios crear redes o adaptarse a los nuevos entornos de donde emerge un nuevo periodismo basado en la participación? El presente artículo intenta responder a estas y otras variables. Social networks have become the banner of Web 2.0, which also hosts blogs, wikis and chats. There is a slight dividing line between a social network, a blog and a wiki. Talking about social networks means referring to the next stage of the Internet, as talking about blogs once did. Internet social networks have become an increasingly important phenomenon because some platforms are integrating blogs and wikis on a single interface. But we could ask what new types of communication and business lie beneath these networks; what professional profiles are needed for this new audience. Should media create the networks, or just adapt to the new environments, whence a new journalism based on participation emerges? This paper tries to answer these and other questions.

Jesús Miguel Flores Vivar

2009-10-01

255

Análisis de la planeación estratégica de la comunicación en cuatro proyectos de intervención social en Montería / Analysis of Communication Strategic Planning in four Social Intervention Projects in Montería  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El artículo plantea los desafíos que enfrentan los profesionales, las organizaciones gestoras de iniciativas sociales y los beneficiarios, en torno al proceso de planeación de la comunicación de los proyectos de intervención social llevados a cabo en la ciudad de Montería. Se analizaron cuatro progr [...] amas de comunicación estratégica de los proyectos Reciclando Ando, Plan Departamental de Aguas, Implementación de Parcelas Productivas y Desarrollo Sostenible de las Artesanías de Córdoba, desarrollados por las organizaciones Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel y la Corporación de los Valles del Sinú y San Jorge, respectivamente. Se realizó un análisis individual de cada caso, que incluyó diferentes estrategias de contacto con la realidad objeto de estudio, como el análisis documental, la entrevista, el grupo focal y la observación participante, lo que permitió metodológicamente alimentar la documentación teórica, la interpretación de evidencias y la interacción del investigador con los actores y sus realidades. Los resultados evidenciaron que estas instituciones relegan la comunicación a un uso instrumental; no la emplean de forma estratégica (sistemática, organizada, probada, integradora y articulada al proceso de planeación de los proyectos de intervención social) y no incluyen mecanismos de integración y participación activa de los grupos de interés involucrados con estas iniciativas. Abstract in english This article refers to the challenge faced by professionals, organizations interested in social initiatives and beneficiaries around social intervention projects communication planning process carried out in Monteria city. Four programs of project strategic communication were analyzed: ''We are Recy [...] cling, State Water Plans, Implementation of Productive Areas, and sustainable Development of Cordoba handcrafts, developed by the following organizations: Servigenerales/UPB, Gobernación Córdoba, Fundación Santa Isabel, and Corporación de los Valles del Sinú and San Jorge, respectively. An individual analysis of each case was carried out. It included different contact strategies with the study object such as documental analysis, the interview, focal group, and participant observation which allowed feeding -methodologically- theoretical documentation, interpretation of evidences, and the interaction of the researcher with agents and their realities. Results showed that these institutions give communication am instrumental use, they do not use it in a strategic way (systematic, organized, proved, integrating, and articulated to the planning process of social intervention projects) and doe not include integration and active participation mechanisms of interest groups involved in these initiatives.

Malluk Marenco, Ana Lorena.

256

Regulatory competence and social communication in term and preterm infants at 12 months corrected age. Results from a randomized controlled trial.  

Science.gov (United States)

Temperamental regulatory competence and social communication in term and preterm infants at 12 months corrected age was studied in a randomized controlled intervention trial aimed at enhancing maternal sensitive responsiveness. Surviving infants <2000 g from a geographically defined area were randomized to an intervention (71) or a control group (69), and compared with term infants (74). The intervention was a modified version of the "Mother-Infant Transaction Program". Regulatory competence was measured with the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, and social communication with the Early Social Communication Scales. Preterm intervention infants with low regulatory competence had higher responding to joint attention than preterm control infants. A sensitizing intervention may moderate the association between temperament and social communication, and thus allow an alternative functional outlet for preterm infants low in regulatory competence. The finding may have implications for conceptualizations of the role of early sensitizing interventions in promoting important developmental outcomes for premature infants. PMID:21908049

Olafsen, Kåre S; Rønning, John A; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Ulvund, Stein Erik; Dahl, Lauritz Bredrup; Kaaresen, Per Ivar

2012-02-01

257

Affiliative Behavior, Ultrasonic Communication and Social Reward Are Influenced by Genetic Variation in Adolescent Mice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social approach is crucial for establishing relationships among individuals. In rodents, social approach has been studied primarily within the context of behavioral phenomena related to sexual reproduction, such as mating, territory defense and parental care. However, many forms of social interaction occur before the onset of reproductive maturity, which suggests that some processes underlying social approach among juvenile animals are probably distinct from those in adults. We conducted a lo...

Panksepp, Jules B.; Jochman, Kimberly A.; Kim, Joseph U.; Koy, Jamie J.; Wilson, Ellie D.; Chen, Qiliang; Wilson, Clarinda R.; Lahvis, Garet P.

2007-01-01

258

Autism and exergaming: effects on repetitive behaviors and cognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic children and improve cognitive function across the life-span. Exergaming combines physical and mental exercise simultaneously by linking physical activity movements to video game control and may y...

2011-01-01

259

Autism and exergaming: effects on repetitive behaviors and cognition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cay Anderson-Hanley, Kimberly Tureck, Robyn L Schneiderman Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY, USA Abstract: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic children and improve cognitive function across the life-span. Exe...

2011-01-01

260

Passive, Noiseless, Intensity Amplification of Repetitive Signals  

CERN Document Server

Amplification of signal intensity is essential for initiating physical processes, diagnostics, sensing, communications, and scientific measurement. During traditional amplification, the signal is amplified by multiplying the signal carriers through an active gain process using an external power source. However, for repetitive waveforms, sufficient energy for amplification often resides in the signal itself. In such cases, the unneeded external power is wasted, and the signal is additionally degraded by noise and distortions that accompany active gain processes. We show noiseless, intensity amplification of repetitive optical pulse waveforms with a gain from 2 to ~20 without using active gain, by recycling energy already stored in the input repetitive signal. This "green" method uses dispersion-induced self-imaging (Talbot) effects to precisely re-distribute the original signal energy into fewer replica waveforms. This approach simply requires a suitable manipulation of the input signal's phase profile along t...

Maram, R; Li, M; Azaña, J

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

"I'll See You on IM, Text, or Call You": A Social Network Approach of Adolescents' Use of Communication Media  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores some possibilities of social network analysis for studying adolescents' communication patterns. A full network analysis was conducted on third-grade high school students (15 year olds, 137 students) in Belgium. The results pointed out that face-to-face communication was still the most prominent way for information to flow…

Van Cleemput, Katrien

2010-01-01

262

Internet como marco de comunicación e interacción social The Internet as a framework for communication and social interaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudian las interacciones sociales en Internet, a partir de las respuestas de un cuestionario on-line. Se analizan las características sociodemográficas, los hábitos y las relaciones de estos usuarios en la Red. Internet se manifiesta como un espacio de interacción social, en el que las relaciones personales han tenido lugar en una gran mayoría de usuarios. Estas relaciones se muestran, en algunos aspectos, de forma diferente a las que tienen lugar cara a cara. Asimismo, las motivaciones y las consecuencias de mantener relaciones personales reflejan resultados diferentes con relación al sexo y al estado civil de los internautas. This article addresses social interaction on the Internet using an online questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics are analysed as well as the web users habits and relationships. The Internet is a social interactive place where personal relationships among users develop into important aspects of their lives. These relationships develop in different ways to relationships where people meet face to face. Also, motivation and the consequences of maintaining a personal relationships reflect, different results when comparing the web users gender and marital status.

Félix Moral Toranzo

2009-03-01

263

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

CMS Centres, Outreach and the 7 TeV Media Event The new CMS Communications group is now established and is addressing three areas that are critical to CMS as it enters the physics operations phase: - Communications Infrastructure, including almost 50 CMS Centres Worldwide, videoconferencing systems, and CERN meeting rooms - Information systems, including the internal and external Web sites as well as the document preparation and management systems - Outreach and Education activities, including working with print, radio and TV media, visits to CMS, and exhibitions. The group has been active in many areas, with the highest priority being accorded to needs of CMS operations and preparations for the major media event planned for 7 TeV collisions. Unfortunately the CMS Centre@CERN suffered a major setback when, on 21st December, a cooling water pipe froze and burst on the floor above the CMS Centre main room. Water poured through the ceiling, flooding the floor and soaking some of the consoles, before e...

L. Taylor and D. Barney

2010-01-01

264

COMMUNICATIONS  

CERN Multimedia

The organisation of the Open Days at the end of September was the single biggest effort of the CMS Communications Group this year. We would like to thank all volunteers for their hard work to show our Point 5 facilities and explain science and technology to the general public. During two days more than 5,000 people visited the CMS detector underground and profited from the surface activities, which included an exhibition on CMS, a workshop on superconductivity, and an activity for our younger visitors involving wooden Kapla blocks. The Communications Group took advantage of the preparations to produce new CMS posters that can be reused at other venues. Event display images have been produced not just for this occasion but also for other exhibits, education purposes, publications etc. During the Open Days, Gilles Jobin, 2012 winner of CERN Collide@CERN prize, performed his Quantum show in Point 5, with the light installation of German artist Julius von Bismarck. Image 3: CERN Open Days at CMS wel...

A. Petrilli

2013-01-01

265

Cacophony or Empowerment? Analysing the Impact of New Information Communication Technologies and New Social Media in Southeast Asia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The capabilities, tools and websites we associate with new information communication technologies and social media are now ubiquitous. Moreover tools that were designed to facilitate innocuous conversation and social interaction have had unforeseen political impacts. Nowhere was this more visible than during the 2011 uprisings across the Arab World. From Tunis to Cairo, and Tripoli to Damascus protest movements against authoritarian rule openly utilized social networking and file sharing tools to publicize and organize demonstrations and to catalogue human rights abuses. The Arab Spring, or Jasmine Revolution, was an event that was both witnessed and played out in real time online. This article explores the impacts and effects of these technologies on regimes in East Asia, in particular exploring the extent to which they proffer new capabilities upon activists and reformers in the region’s semi-democratic and authoritarian regimes. Drawing on data on Internet and smartphone use, as well as case studies that explore the role of these technologies on the 2008 and 2011 general elections in Malaysia and Singapore respectively, this article suggests that the Internet and social networking platforms do present unique opportunities for activists, citizens and social movements.

Jason P. Abbott

2011-01-01

266

Population weighted raster maps can communicate findings of social audits: examples from three continents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Maps can portray trends, patterns, and spatial differences that might be overlooked in tabular data and are now widely used in health research. Little has been reported about the process of using maps to communicate epidemiological findings. Method Population weighted raster maps show colour changes over the study area. Similar to the rasters of barometric pressure in a weather map, data are the health occurrence – a peak on the map represents a higher value of the indicator in question. The population relevance of each sentinel site, as determined in the stratified last stage random sample, combines with geography (inverse-distance weighting to provide a population-weighted extension of each colour. This transforms the map to show population space rather than simply geographic space. Results Maps allowed discussion of strategies to reduce violence against women in a context of political sensitivity about quoting summary indicator figures. Time-series maps showed planners how experiences of health services had deteriorated despite a reform programme; where in a country HIV risk behaviours were improving; and how knowledge of an economic development programme quickly fell off across a region. Change maps highlighted where indicators were improving and where they were deteriorating. Maps of potential impact of interventions, based on multivariate modelling, displayed how partial and full implementation of programmes could improve outcomes across a country. Scale depends on context. To support local planning, district maps or local government authority maps of health indicators were more useful than national maps; but multinational maps of outcomes were more useful for regional institutions. Mapping was useful to illustrate in which districts enrolment in religious schools – a rare occurrence - was more prevalent. Conclusions Population weighted raster maps can present social audit findings in an accessible and compelling way, increasing the use of evidence by planners with limited numeracy skills or little time to look at evidence. Maps complement epidemiological analysis, but they are not a substitute. Much less do they substitute for rigorous epidemiological designs, like randomised controlled trials.

Mitchell Steven

2011-12-01

267

Observing Purchase-Related Parent-Child Communication in Retail Environments: A Developmental and Socialization Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

In a quantitative observation study, we unobtrusively examined purchase-related communication between 0- to 12-year-old children and their parents (N = 269 dyads) during supermarket and toy store visits. The aims of the study were to determine (a) the development of purchase-related parent-child communication (i.e., children's purchase influence…

Buijzen, Moniek; Valkenburg, Patti M.

2008-01-01

268

Qualitative study of the communication processes of Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (RLCS from 1998 to 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article presents the results of a metrics study performed the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (Latina Journal of Social Communication from January 1998 to December 2009. The quantitative analysis explores the communication processes registered in 878 articles, through five bibliometric indicators: gender, academic degree, country of origin, co-authorship and institutional affiliation. This last criterion was applied only to Spanish authors as they account for 55% of the scientific production in the Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (hence RLCS. The results indicate that there are 1,047 authors, of which 44% are women and 56% are men. This study addresses the position of RLCS in Latin America and highlights the academic contribution of countries such as Argentina, Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Cuba, and Chile. Moreover, the study addresses the participation of 42 Spanish universities in RLCS, which is also Spanish. So of these universities stand out because they have registered more than 20 authors each (e.g. the University of Seville, the Autonomous University of Barcelona, the Complutense University of Madrid, the University of the Basque Country, the University of Santiago de Compostela, the University of Malaga, and the Rey Juan Carlos University. Finally, the article identifies the institutional affiliation of 285 (27% authors who published in co-authorship, and classifies the types of collaboration of the Spanish authors in three categories: intra-institutional, inter-institutional and international.

Maricela López-Ornelas, M.A.

2010-01-01

269

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

270

Análisis métrico de la producción científica en comunicación social en Cuba Metric analysis of the scientific production in social communication in Cuba  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se analiza métricamente la producción científica sobre comunicación social generada en Cuba entre los años 1994 y 2004, a partir de las tesis de diploma y de grado, así como de los informes de investigación realizados y atesorados en las instituciones de la educación superior cubanas relacionadas con este campo. Se estudia el comportamiento temático, la fecha de producción de los documentos, el lugar de realización, los enfoques con los que se realizaron y los ámbitos de la comunicación estudiados, entre otros aspectos de interés, que posibilitan un acercamiento más riguroso a esta área del conocimiento en el país, así como sus tendencias principalesThe scientific production in social communication generated in Cuba between 1994 and 2004 is metrically analyzed, based on diploma and degree research papers, as well as on the investigation reports carried out and accumulated in the institutions of the Cuban Superior Education System related to this field. The thematic behavior, the date of production of the documents, the place of execution, the foci with which they were carried out and the environments of the communication studied are analyzed among others aspects of interest, that enable a more rigorous approach to this area of knowledge in the country, as well as its main tendencies

Yelina Piedra Salomón

2006-08-01

271

CONSUMER OPINIONS TOWARDS ONLINE MARKETING COMMUNICATION AND ADVERTISING ON SOCIAL NETWORKS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On the Internet, a medium that has already proven its effectiveness in marketing activities, changes take place with astonishing speed. The recent explosion of social networking applications and their number of users has captured the marketers’ attention. Companies have started to rethink their relationships with consumers and adapt to the new online world. In this virtual world of social networks the public is the key element. Consumers perceive the social network as a personal space where...

Orzan, Gheorghe; Platon, Otilia-elena

2012-01-01

272

Modelo de Comunicación desde una Perspectiva Social, orientado a la Actividad Física Design of a communicative model from a social perspective oriented to the physical activity case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo Se diseñó y aplicó un modelo de comunicación, en el contexto de una Red aplicada a tres regiones de Colombia, Bogotá, Antioquia y Quindío, basado en el enfoque macrointencional, dirigido a afianzar la comprensión del tema de actividad física en los actores relacionados con el tema desde una interpretación multidimensional. Métodos Se definieron poblaciones objetivo y se conformaron equipos de trabajo durante un proceso de tres meses, basados en tres estrategias: producción social, transmisión y democratización. Resultados Se desarrollaron mensajes basados en la construcción de los productores sociales; se ampliaron los conceptos iniciales relacionados con cuerpo, autocuidado, actividad física y salud. Conclusiones Los modelos de comunicación en salud, que se orientan al desarrollo de habilidades personales en relación con la capacidad de comunicar y construir sentidos compartidos, permiten apropiación y recordación de mensajes en salud. El modelo es una estrategia de comunicación que afianza la construcción compartida de mensajes en salud. Este enfoque exige el desarrollo de acciones locales y el fomento de la capacidad organizacional comunitaria.Objective A communication model was designed and put into practice, in the form of a Network throughout three regions in Colombia; Bogotá, Antioquia and Quindío. Based on a macro-intentional model, this network was aimed at strengthening understanding around the subject of physical activity among those people affected by the issue, from a multidimensional perspective. Methods The test population was defined and working groups were formed around three strategies: social production, transmission and democratization, during a three-month period. Results Messages were developed based around the ideas of the community producers themselves; the initial concepts were widened to include the body, self care, physical activity and health. Conclusions Communication models related to health, aimed at developing personal skills including the ability to communicate and build shared experience, can be assimilated and incorporated into broadcasts on health issues. This model serves as a communication strategy which strengthens the building of shared broadcasts on health issues. This kind of focus requires the development of local activity and capacity-building within the community.

Adriana Prieto-Rodríguez

273

The importance of scale in Occupy movement protests: a case study of a local Occupy protest as a tool of communication through Public Relations and Social Media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper explores the persuasive communications (public relations and branding through social media) of a micro Occupy event, namely a nine-day appearance of the global protest movement at Bournemouth University (BU), on the south coast of the UK. It reflects on how student and town protesters used digital and social media in comparison to the wider and more successful UK movement. It interviews the student leader, and asks questions about the role social networks like Occupi...

Adi, Ana; Moloney, Kevin

2012-01-01

274

The Building Bridges Project: Involving Older Adults in the Design of a Communication Technology to Support Peer-to-Peer Social Engagement  

Science.gov (United States)

There are a variety of factors that can lead to social isolation and loneliness in old age, including decline in physical and mental health, as well as change to social environment. The Building Bridges project explores how communication technology can help older adults remain socially connected. This paper will first provide an overview of a prototype communication system designed to support peer-to-peer group interaction. A description of the user-centered design process will be provided to demonstrate the importance of involving older adults at the earliest stages. The implications for designing new technology for older adults are discussed.

Wherton, Joseph; Prendergast, David

275

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva / Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se [...] han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo. Abstract in english The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact [...] that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel, Calvo Calvo.

276

Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo.The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.

Manuel Ángel Calvo Calvo

2011-09-01

277

Corporate Social Responsibility Perspectives and Practices in Chinese Companies: A Brief Overview on Environment, Consumers and External Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Economic globalization has brought the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR to the forefront of today's business community in China and around the world. The business community finds it necessary and in their benefit to implement practices learned from CSR studies for socio-economic growth and long-term sustainability. Based on successful studies created in Latin America, this paper proposes an empirical study that will address how CSR is perceived in Chinese companies and will briefly evaluate some practices about environment, consumers, and external communication. Our results are found to have significant association of CSR concept with legal implication. Providing safe and reliable products with services were found to have most relevant attribute towards CSR. Environmental and consumer practices have shown more implemented and useful than those related to communication.

Hai-yan HE

2012-02-01

278

Social Media and Political Communication. Case Study – The Parliamentary Parties In Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine the extent to which parliamentary parties from Romania are using Social Media to promote their image and political messages, but also the level of participation of supporters in social networks. More than that, another objective of this paper aims to identify similarities between the hypothetical percentages of supporters of political parties in Social Media, electoral percentages of accessing the Romanian Parliament and the current political configuration of the Romanian Parliament. The research focused on comparative analysis of the ?de facto? representation of the parliamentary parties in the romanian community and the degree of representation in social networks. The Research method used is quantitative analysis of the online documents and working tool used is the traffic analysis and the degree of the participation in social networks.

T?nase Tasen?e

2013-04-01

279

The behavior and social communication of honey bees (Apis mellifera carnica Poll.) under the influence of alcohol.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the effects of ethanol on honey bee social communication and behavior within the hive were studied to further investigate the usefulness of honey bees as an ethanol-abuse model. Control (1.5 M sucrose) and experimental (1.5 M sucrose, 2.5% w/v ethanol) solutions were directly administered to individual forager bees via proboscis contact with glass capillary tubes. The duration, frequency, and proportion of time spent performing social and nonsocial behaviors were the dependent variables of interest. No differences in the relative frequency or proportion of time spent performing the target behaviors were observed. However, ethanol consumption significantly decreased bouts of walking, resting, and the duration of trophallactic (i.e., food-exchange) encounters. The results of this study suggest that a low dose of ethanol is sufficient to disrupt both social and nonsocial behaviors in honey bees. In view of these results, future behavioral-genetic investigations of honey bee social behavior are encouraged. PMID:20712158

Mixson, T Andrew; Abramson, Charles I; Bozic, Janko

2010-06-01

280

El paradigma médico social y la competencia comunicativa del profesional de ciencias medicas / The social and medical paradigm and communicative competence of health sciences professional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el nuevo paradigma sociomédico la efectividad de la comunicación constituye la piedra angular ante el reto de promover cambios en los estilos de vida y ofreciendo a la población instrumentos para pensar, analizar y reflexionar sobre su salud. La relación médico-paciente como modelo de comunicació [...] n fundamenta el comportamiento del profesional de las Ciencias Médicas y las relaciones que contraerán entre sí los médicos y el equipo de salud de donde depende la conducta moral o ética que orientará y caracterizará su trato. El objetivo de este trabajo es reflexionar acerca de los aspectos esenciales que deben caracterizar la competencia comunicativa del profesional y las habilidades para conformar una cultura de la comunicación que sirvan de base a la gestión de salud en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Se analiza el manejo de la comunicación para el logro de la empatía con el paciente, la liquidación de barreras comunicativas que permitan el acercamiento y la interacción reflexiva con el hombre sano o enfermo, la familia, las agrupaciones comunitarias y la coordinación con las instituciones sociales de la comunidad que permitan los cambios necesarios para alcanzar un modo de vida más sano y el desarrollo creciente de la cultura de la salud en la población, vinculando las herramientas cognoscitivas para educar a los miembros de la sociedad en el cuidado de su salud con las habilidades comunicativas que le permitan ser comprendido eficazmente basado en la amistad, confianza y respeto entre él y la población por cuya salud debe velar. Abstract in english In de new social and medical paradigm the effectiveness of communication constitutes a cornerstone to face the challenge for promoting changes in the lifestyle and offering people ways to think, analyze and to reflex about their health. The doctor patient relationship as a model of communication sub [...] stantiate the behavior of the medical science professional and the relation that doctors will have among them and the health team from which it will depend the moral or ethical attitude to be oriented and will also characterize the attention. The objective of this paper is to reflex about the essential aspects that should characterize the skills to form a culture of communication aim to obtain a health work in the primary health care. The management of communication is analyzed to achieve and empathy with the patient, the elimination of communicative barriers that allow the approaching and reflexive interaction with the healthy or the sick person, the family, communitarian groups and the coordination with the communitarian social institutions, which permit the necessary changes to reach a healthier lifestyle and an ascending development of the health culture into the population, relating knowledge tools in order to educate members of the society in their health care wilt the communicative skills that allow them being will understood based on friendship, confidence, and respect between the health professional and the population whose health be should take care of.

Maritza de la Rosa, Legón; Nelia, Vega González; Lourdes, Brito Gómez.

 
 
 
 
281

The social network and the geo-hydrological information: the CNR IRPI Facebook page as example of communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Good communication is a fundamental step for the spread of news and knowledge. The effectiveness and persuasiveness of a message is a function of the interaction of characteristics of the audience, the source of the message, and content of the message. Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) has been publishing information on geo-hydrological events using the Internet (http://sici.irpi.cnr.it/, http://webmap.irpi.cnr.it/, http://geomorphology.irpi.cnr.it/, http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it/, http://giida.irpi.cnr.it/, http://events.irpi.cnr.it/ ). Our websites are mainly visited by experts and the information are used for technical purposes. The contents and the interface of the websites are designed for this type of users. Our intention is to increase the type of users, and we are testing the use of social network to catch the wide public's attention. Social networks have emerged as critical factor in information dissemination, search, marketing expertise and influence discovery, and are an important channel for people to share information. Social scientist have long recognized the importance of social networks in the spread of information. Facebook and Twitter are the most widely used social networking services. They make it simpler to communicate with multiple people at one time. Social media may also make it easier for users to monitor activities of people (friends or followers). An official Facebook page of the Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI, https://www.facebook.com/CNR.IRPI ), was created and linked to a Twitter account. The purpose of this page is to disseminate information on flood and landslide events and on our research activities, in order to raise awareness of geo-hydrological matters among users. This page publishes news on current or historical landslide and flood events involving the Italian territory, or news from around the world collected on the network. The news are published as text or links to videos or photos collected from the network. Facebook provides statistics regarding access the page and the interactions that users have with the news published. These statistics make it possible to quantify the interest of the users to the content of the news (post events, new publication institute, etc.). The way the news are published (only in text mode, with photographic or video images), the novelty (current event or historical) and the location (events in Italy or abroad) are all messages characteristic's that increase the audience attention. This work has highlighted the significance of the characteristics that can draw the attention of the public regarding landslide and flood information.

Fiorucci, Federica; Bianchi, Cinzia; Marchesini, Ivan; Salvati, Paola; Fugnoli, Federico; Guzzetti, Fausto

2014-05-01

282

Discurso, Comunicación y poder: máscaras, distinción y exclusiones sociales / Discourse, communication and power: masks, distinction and social exclusions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El hallazgo de la imagen masacrada de un Cristo en su santuario ubicado en las alturas de la Quebrada de Humahuaca, conmociona a la feligresía de la localidad ubicada en las cercanías. Pasado el primer momento de estupor, se suceden las suposiciones en torno a los autores del hecho; así como las dis [...] cusiones posteriores en pro de su restauración o reemplazo. Se hacen manifiestos diversos relatos que giran en torno a la confección de la figura original del Cristo, a la de la Virgen que se encontraba en un camarín cercano. Se alude también a la actuación de un sacerdote, representante de la Teología de la Liberación; el que fue cuestionado ya hace algunos años y aún hasta hoy, por un sector de la sociedad local y provincial. El discurso de la narrativa oral, acerca de esta temática, puede mostrarnos la conceptualización de parte de la "realidad social". Interesa ver cómo los relatos orales están mostrando, en su contenido semántico, una manera de ver el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, mediante su organización formal están estructurando, también, una forma de categorizar al mundo social. Categorías, esquemas, modelos son los conceptos eje que guían nuestra búsqueda; y que permiten hacer inferencias acerca de las relaciones del poder local. También las menciones que aparecieron en conversaciones informales permiten explicar la postura discursiva de los emisores. El analisis de estas menciones nos ofrece datos que se pueden relacionar con el accionar directo o simbólico de diversas instituciones disciplinarias actuantes en nuestra sociedad. Abstract in english The discovery of a destroyed Christ graven image in his sanctuary situated in the heights of the Quebrada de Humahuaca, shocks the local parishioners in the outskirts of the sanctuary. After the first moment of stupor, suppositions about the perpetrators of the incident are made; the same as the lat [...] er discussions in favour of its restoration or replacement. Several tales that evolve around the making of the original Christ's figure and the virgin, who was in a nearby small chapel are manifested. It is also alluded to the intervention of a priest, representative of the Theology of the Liberation, who was questioned, a few years ago and even until today, by a sector of the local and provincial society. The discourse of oral narrative, about this theme, can show us the conceptualization, from the "social reality". It is interesting to see how oral tales show, in their semantic contents, a way to see the world. At the same time, by means of its formal organization, they are structuring, too, a way to categorize the social world. Categories, outlines, models are the central concepts that guide our search; and the ones that allow to make inferences about the local power relations. Also the mentions that appeared in informal conversations allow explaining the addresser´s discursive positioning.The analysis of what we have mentioned offers us pieces of information that are related to each other.

Flora, Losada.

283

EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AND SOCIALIZATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN AS A COMMUNICATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this work, the author actualizes one of the many important questions that determine the educational process in function of the socialization of mentally retarded children compulsory connected with ordinary living.

Dimitar LOZANOVSKI

1998-12-01

284

Communication Within Room Setting: A Social Psychological Study from The Symbolic Interaction Perspective  

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This study tries to assess the degree to which the social and psychological behavior of the individuals and their emotion management differ in chat-room settings from that of face -to face one. It further examines whether gender and levels of education variables moderate such behavior and emotion within these chat-rooms. It also tries to find out whether users of chat -rooms believe that social constrains and normative standards of behavior extend to this kind of electronic mediated communica...

Sari, Helmi K.

2006-01-01

285

Practice, Communication and Space: A reflection on the materiality of social structures  

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The general issue of relations between sociality and spatiality, until recently profoundly ignored outside spatial studies, has become a focus of great theoretical attention in a number of disciplines – what has been called, remarkably, the “spatial turn” in social and cultural theory. The thesis wishes to address a central problem in that debate: the connection of practice and space. It does so emphasising a dimension that has not been previously explored to a significant d...

Netto, Vinicius

2007-01-01

286

Phylogeny-wide analysis of social amoeba genomes highlights ancient origins for complex intercellular communication  

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Dictyostelium discoideum (DD), an extensively studied model organism for cell and developmental biology, belongs to the most derived group 4 of social amoebas, a clade of altruistic multicellular organisms. To understand genome evolution over long time periods and the genetic basis of social evolution, we sequenced the genomes of Dictyostelium fasciculatum (DF) and Polysphondylium pallidum (PP), which represent the early diverging groups 1 and 2, respectively. In contrast to DD, PP and DF hav...

Heidel, Andrew J.; Lawal, Hajara M.; Felder, Marius; Schilde, Christina; Helps, Nicholas R.; Tunggal, Budi; Rivero, Francisco; John, Uwe; Schleicher, Michael; Eichinger, Ludwig; Platzer, Matthias; Noegel, Angelika A.; Schaap, Pauline; Glo?ckner, Gernot

2011-01-01

287

Social media as public sphere :an exploratory study of online political communication in Norway  

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This thesis presents an exploratory study of the use of social media in the Norwegian public sector, and contributes to the understanding of how social media can be applied to improve deliberation. The study is situated within the eParticipation research field. The motivation for the study is the reported challenges facing democracy, in the form of lower voter turnout, decline in political party membership, and a general lessening of interest for public issues and deliberation. Deliberation i...

Johannessen, Marius Rohde

2013-01-01

288

Cognitive underpinnings of repetitive practice in the learning of EFL  

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Classroom practice has traditionally emphasized the value and efficacy of repetition as a means to consolidate learning. It is also well known that some methods (e.g. the Audiolingual method) have relied more exclusively on this technique. Other methods (the Direct Method, the Communicative Approach) have given priority to language use or emphasized content. Thus, repetition practices have been left aside in the last decades, while ‘open’ and ‘free/non controlled activities’ have been...

Sa?nchez Pe?rez, Aquilino

2010-01-01

289

¿Para qué sirve la semiótica?: una propuesta de resignificación de la mujer a través de la comunicación para el cambio social / What is semiotics for?: A proposal for the resignification of women through communication for social change  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este documento propone establecer puntos de encuentro entre las categorías mujer, semiótica y comunicación para el cambio social. El texto plantea como su eje central la idea de que una comunicación para la transformación social exige resignificar a la mujer en las distintas instancias del proceso c [...] omunicativo. El artículo explora, en primera instancia, contenidos teóricos sobre la semiótica, con el fin de ubicar su relación con un discurso crítico sobre el universo sígnico que los medios masivos proponen para la mujer. Una vez establecida esta mirada, se pretende estudiar la semiótica como componente fundamental de la comunicación para el cambio social en la medida en que posibilita generar actos narrativos de permanente re-significación humana Abstract in english This document proposes to establish points of contact between female categories, semiotics and communication for social change. The text asserts as its central theme the idea that communication for social transformation requires new meaning to women in different instances of the communication proces [...] s. The article explores in the first instance, contained theoretical semiotics, in order to locate her relationship with a critical discourse about the universe significant that the media offer for women. Hence, the purpose is to study semiotics as a fundamental component of communication for social change in the sense that facilitates the generation of narrative acts of permanent human re-signification

Navarro Díaz, Luis Ricardo.

290

Restricted and repetitive behaviors in autism spectrum disorders and typical development: cross-sectional and longitudinal comparisons.  

Science.gov (United States)

Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, compared to social and communicative impairments, less is known about their development, trajectory and etiology. This study explored RRBs in young children with ASD matched to typically developing (TD) children on non-verbal development. RRBs were coded from direct observation at three time points within 13 months of development. Children with ASD displayed higher frequency and greater diversity of RRBs at all time points, however RRBs were not unique to ASD and evident in the TD control group albeit at a reduced frequency. RRBs did not correlate with social and communicative impairments in the ASD group, suggesting dissociation between these domains. PMID:24234675

Harrop, Clare; McConachie, Helen; Emsley, Richard; Leadbitter, Kathy; Green, Jonathan

2014-05-01

291

QTL replication and targeted association highlight the nerve growth factor gene for nonverbal communication deficits in autism spectrum disorders  

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has a heterogeneous etiology that is genetically complex. It is defined by deficits in communication and social skills and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors. Genetic analyses of heritable quantitative traits that correlate with ASD may reduce heterogeneity. With this in mind, deficits in nonverbal communication (NVC) were quantified based on items from the Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised. Our previous analysis of 228 families from the Autis...

Lu, At-h; Yoon, J.; Geschwind, Dh; Cantor, Rm

2013-01-01

292

Linking environmental risk assessment and communication: An experiment in co-evolving scientific and social knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

Dissemination of information to decision-makers and enhanced methods of public participation are often put forward as antidotes to a perceived disconnect between risk assessment and risk communication in the public domain. However, mechanisms that support both the provision of routine, timely and relevant technical knowledge to the public and meaningful opportunities for public participation in the evaluation and management of risk are few. We argue for the need to re-conceptualise the institutional context in which risk research and communication occur as one in which scientific knowledge and public understanding are co-evolutionary instead of independent or sequential. Here, we report on an experiment to promote coevolution of environmental risk assessment and risk communication through the instrumental use of a web-based platform that dynamically links expert and public discourses through common information sources, linked scenario evaluations, and opportunities for iterative dialogue. On the basis of technical feasibility, research value and public communication capacity, we conclude that there is potential for further refinement of the methodologies presented here. Copyright ?? 2008 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Graffy, E. A.; Booth, N. L.

2008-01-01

293

From genes to social communication: molecular sensing by the vomeronasal organ.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to distinguish molecular cues emitted by other individuals is a fundamental feature of social interactions such as finding and identifying a mate, establishing social hierarchies, and initiating interspecies defensive behaviors. In rodents, this ability involves the vomeronasal organ (VNO), a distinct chemoreceptive structure that is part of the olfactory system. Recent insights have led to unprecedented progress in identifying ligand and receptor families underlying vomeronasal recognition, characterizing the behavioral consequences caused by VNO activation, and defining higher neural circuits underlying the initiation of instinctive behaviors such as aggression. Here, we review such findings and discuss future areas for investigation, including large-scale mapping studies, immune system-VNO interactions, in vivo recording of neural activity, and optogenetic alteration of sexual and social behaviors. PMID:22658923

Chamero, Pablo; Leinders-Zufall, Trese; Zufall, Frank

2012-10-01

294

The customer satisfaction in a nonprofit context: the role of social responsibility and its communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The academic debate concerning companies’ social responsibility, started to emerge no earlier than in the second half of the 20th century. From that time onwards the concept of CSR has gradually evolved extending its domain and giving rise to several theories, theoretical frameworks, approaches and terminologies (Garriga and Melé, 2004).

2012-01-01

295

Ethics: A Bridge for Studying the Social Contexts of Professional Communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a method for helping students evaluate ethical issues in a systematic way, based on Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development. Recommends the case-study approach for creating social constructs in which students face ethical dilemmas, and outlines a case-study ethics unit using Kohlberg's model. (MM)

Speck, Bruce W.

1989-01-01

296

Structural Reproduction of Social Networks in Computer-Mediated Communication Forums  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the relationship between the structure of an existing social network and the structure of an emergent discussion-board network in an undergraduate university class. Thirty-one students were issued with laptop computers that remained in their possession for the duration of the semester. While using these machines, participants'…

Stefanone, M. A.; Gay, G.

2008-01-01

297

Nonbehavioral Correlates of Juvenile Delinquency: Communications of Detained and Nondetained Young People about Social Limits.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared attitudes toward social limits among adolescents detained for criminal offenses and nondetained adolescents. Findings indicated significant differences between groups in knowledge of behavioral alternatives and behavioral intentions. Nondetained youth reporting high rates of undersocialized behavior were more inclined to…

Grietens, Hans; Rink, Jacobus; Hellinckx, Walter

2003-01-01

298

The Discourse Community in Scientific and Technical Communication: Institutional and Social Views.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes two institutional views of the discourse community, the disciplinary and the organizational, and presents the alternative social viewpoint. Examines Stanley Fish's theoretical concept of discourse community and considers the philosophical tradition derived from Richard Rorty. Suggests that these views are useful for the study of…

Zappen, James P.

1989-01-01

299

Impact of Breast Self-Examination Planned Educational Messages on Social Network Communications: An Exploratory Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effect of college women's participation in a breast self-examination (BSE) educational program on discussion of BSE with specific members of their social network. Also, the characteristics of college women who did report discussion with others were investigated as was the relationship between this discussion and the…

Gravell, Joanne; And Others

1985-01-01

300

Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"  

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National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, educatio...

Klein, Alexandra

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  COMMUNICATION from a NETWORK PERSPECTIVE : A Case Study of Peab AB  

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Problem Description: Since there are recognized similarities in the construction industry between relationship building and strategic CSR engaging thus managing and communicating CSR should be evaluated from the industrial network perspective. Close interaction between stakeholders and implemented strategic CSR facilitate to perform successfully and remain competitive when facing challenges in modern construction industry. Peab AB was chosen for the research as one of the leading construction...

Chuikina, Viktoriya; Ekberg-tamminen, Sari

2012-01-01

302

Use of social communication as a tool for environmental licensing of small-scale hydroelectric power plants; Uso da comunicacao social como instrumento para o licenciamento ambiental de PCH - pequenas centrais hidreletricas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present work intends to study the process of environmental licensing of the Small ones Central Hydroelectric (PCHs) through the rising of the legal framework of the referred process and to analyze the application of tools of social communication in the mitigation of the social impacts in the zone of influence of the enterprise. Through the analysis of the critical points in the environmental licensing of small hydroelectric uses and evaluation of communication actions taking in consideration the environmental costs for the enterprise. (author)

Tiago Filho, Geraldo Lucio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais], e-mail: tiago@unifei.edu.br; Galhardo, Camila Rocha [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Pequenas Centrais Hidreletricas (CERPCH), MG (Brazil)], e-mail: pchnoticias@unifei.edu.br

2006-07-01

303

Comunicação Comunitária: uma disciplina de formação sociopolítica e de intervenção social / Community Communication: discipline training sociopolitical and social intervention / Comunicación Comunitaria: una disciplina de formación sociopolítica y intervención social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A disciplina Comunicação Comunitária ofertada para as habilitações de Jornalismo e de Relações Públicas do curso de Comunicação Social da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL/PR) tem representado para os estudantes de graduação na área um dos mais importantes espaços de formação sociopolítica, bem [...] como a possibilidade de produção de uma experiência de intervenção social. Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a experiência de oferta da referida disciplina, considerando a necessidade da ampliação de espaços de reflexão e de discussão política a respeito do papel da Universidade e sobre o compromisso do profissional com a sociedade, a partir de algumas reflexões baseadas em Paulo Freire e Antonio Gramsci. Por meio de uma breve análise do conteúdo programático da disciplina e do relato de algumas experiências, com a realização de projetos de intervenção social desenvolvidos no contexto da disciplina, observa-se uma qualificação política no processo de formação acadêmica, na perspectiva de constituição de um sujeito social crítico e emancipado. Abstract in spanish La disciplina Comunicación Comunitaria que se ofrece a las calificaciones de Periodismo y Relaciones Públicas del curso de Comunicación Social de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina (UEL/PR) ha representado a los estudiantes graduados en el área una de las zonas más importantes de la formación sociop [...] olítica, así como la posibilidad de producir una experiencia de intervención social. Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la experiencia de suministro de tal disciplina, teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de aumentar los espacios para la reflexión y el debate político sobre el papel de la universidad y en el compromiso del profesional con la sociedad, a partir de algunas reflexiones basadas en Paulo Freire y Antonio Gramsci. A través de un breve análisis del programa de la materia y el relato de algunas experiências, con la realización de proyectos de intervención social desarrollados en el contexto de la disciplina, observamos una calificación política del proceso de aprendizaje académico, en la perspectiva de constitución de un sujeto social crítico y emancipado. Abstract in english The discipline Community Communication offered to the qualifications of Journalism and Public Relations course in Social Communication from the State University of Londrina (UEL/PR) has represented to graduate students in the area one of the most important areas of sociopolitical formation, as well [...] the possibility of producing a social experience intervention. This article aims to analyze the experience of supply of such discipline, considering the need of increasing spaces for reflection and political discussion about the role of the university and on the professional's commitment to society, from some reflections based on Paulo Freire and Antonio Gramsci. Through a brief analysis of the syllabus of the subject and the reporting of some experiences, with the realization of social intervention projects developed in the context of the discipline, there is a political qualification of the academic learning process, in view of the constitution of a subject social critic and emancipated.

Rozinaldo Antonio, Miani.

304

The role of socializing agents in communicating healthy eating to adolescents :  A cross cultural study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Hong Kong adolescents aged 11 to 16. Results showed that the consumption of relatively unhealthy food was common among respondents. Looking at socializing agents, respondents claimed that parents asked them to eat healthy food more often than the government publicity, teachers or friends. Parents were also perceived as being the most effective source in encouraging them to eat healthy food. Respondents considered news and fear appeals for communicating healthy eating the most effective, while popularity and achievement appeals were considered less effective. There were some gender and age differences in the liking and perceived effectiveness of five advertising appeals. Respondents with higher collectivism scores showed a higher liking and perceived effectiveness of advertising appeals.

Chan, Kara; Prendergast, Gerard

2011-01-01

305

Parenting Across the Social Ecology Facilitated by Information and Communications Technology: Implications for Research and Educational Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To inform parenting research and aid educators seeking to deliver programs that support effective parenting, this study explored types of information and communications technology (ICT used to fulfill childrearing goals. Mothers’ (N = 1,804 reports of ICT activity frequency were examined from data collected from an online survey. Results suggest that mothers’ ICT use for parenting is less frequent than general use in adulthood. Mothers employ ICT to fulfill parenting goals within and across five domains of the parenting social ecology: (a parent development, (b parent-child relationships, (c child development, (d, family development, and (e culture and community. Several types of ICT activities may strengthen parenting in a single domain, and a single ICT activity may help fulfill multiple domains. Implications for research and for promoting and selecting ICT for effective parent learning and education design are discussed.

Susan K. Walker

2014-06-01

306

The Socio-Communicational Style and the Need for Supervision of Professionals from the Social Services  

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Full Text Available The present paper aims to make an analysis of the way supervision is perceived in the Romanian professional community working with people in difficulty. Defining supervision includes four dimensions: a professional view, in which supervision is seen as a part of the integration process and professional development; a social support dimension; a third emphasizes learning, supervision as education, teaching; and the last dimension is that of control. In this study we performed a research on professionals involved in supervision: psychologists and social workers. Our findings show that education is the best accepted way of seeing supervision, while that of control is the most rejected one. A huge majority 94.5% of the investigated professionals appreciate the role of supervision. Approximately 50% of the subjects see the supervisor as educator. Professional development and professional learning are seen as the advantages of supervision.

Patricia-Luciana RUNCAN

2012-06-01

307

Communicating social inclusiveness: Paul Slabolepszy’s Fordsburg’s Finest (1997)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Paul Slabolepszy is a well-known South African playwright whose socially inclusive plays appeal to broad national and international multi-cultural audiences. His ability to reflect an authentic South African landscape with its stormy political background, diverse cultures and inhabitants, and to evoke empathy for all of his diverse characters within this South African milieu, adds to the dramatic impact of his plays. In his play, Fordsburg’s Finest (1997), Slabolepszy depicts an empowered w...

Deventer, M. A.

2004-01-01

308

Temporal-pattern recognition by single neurons in a sensory pathway devoted to social communication behavior  

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Sensory systems often encode stimulus information into the temporal pattern of action potential activity. However, little is known about how the information contained within these patterns is extracted by postsynaptic neurons. Similar to temporal coding by sensory neurons, social information in mormyrid fish is encoded into the temporal patterning of an electric organ discharge (EOD). In the current study, sensitivity to temporal patterns of electrosensory stimuli was found to arise within th...

Carlson, Bruce A.

2009-01-01

309

Social marketing-based communications to integrate and support the HEALTHY study intervention  

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The HEALTHY study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter, middle school-based, multifaceted intervention designed to reduce risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes. The study randomized 42 middle schools to intervention or control, and followed students from the sixth to the eighth grades. Participants were a racially, ethnically and geographically diverse cohort from across the United States. Here, we describe the conceptual underpinnings and design of the social marketing-bas...

Debar, Ll; Schneider, M.; Ford, Eg; Hernandez, Ae; Showell, B.; Drews, Kl; Moe, El; Gillis, B.; Jessup, An; Stadler, Dd; White, M.

2009-01-01

310

Social Change Communication: Need of the Hour for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS  

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For the last three decades or so, we all have been living with the pandemic of HIV and AIDS. Human behaviour is complex; widespread behaviour changes are challenging to achieve. Understanding the dynamics of HIV transmission can not be separated from an understanding of the broader context of poverty, inequality and social exclusion which create conditions where unsafe behaviour flourishes. HIV/AIDS is not a mere health issue: its occurrence is influenced by a number of socio-economic, cultur...

Chandwani, Haresh; Gopal, Rajesh

2010-01-01

311

Dialogism in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications: Conceptualising Verbal Interactions between Organisations and their Audiences  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We conceptualise CSR communication as a process of reciprocal influence between organisations and their audiences. We use an illustrative case study in the form of a conflict between firms and a powerful stakeholder which is played out in a series of 20 press releases over a 2-month period to develop a framework of analysis based on insights from linguistics. It focuses on three aspects of dialogism, namely (i) turn-taking (co-operating in a conversation by responding to the other party), (ii...

Brennan, Niamh; Merkl-davies, Doris M.; Beelitz, Annika

2013-01-01

312

Social communication network analysis of the role of participatory research in the adoption of new fish consumption behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The formulation and communication of fish advisories are highly complex because of the potential conflict between the nutritional and toxicological issues associated with fish consumption. Government and organization-sponsored fish advisories have had limited success in changing behaviors. Participatory approaches may enhance the understanding of complex issues and the adoption of new behaviors. Here we used social network analysis to investigate the adoption of dietary changes within the context of a community participatory research project. In the Brazilian Amazon, many communities are highly exposed to methylmercury from fish consumption. A participatory intervention based on dietary changes aimed at reducing methylmercury exposure while maintaining fish consumption was initiated in 1995. In 2001, we collected data on individual participation in the research, on the discussion network regarding mercury issues and on changes in fish consumption from 96 of the 110 village households. More than half of men and women had adopted new fish consumption behavior to reduce mercury exposure. Adoption was associated with participation in the research project for both women and men, and with a higher number of discussion partners about mercury issues for women. Adoption was likewise associated with the presence of a female communication partner in the personal networks of both men and women. At the household level, men and women who considered their spouse as a discussion partner were more likely to adopt than those who did not. Opinion le]adership was associated with change in fish consumption only for women. We discuss the contribution of community participation and communication networks to overcome the difficulties in generating complex messages that take into account both health benefits and risks of fish consumption. We also discuss the relevance of building preventive health programs based on participatory research approaches and the roles and relations specific to men and women. PMID:22172976

Mertens, Frédéric; Saint-Charles, Johanne; Mergler, Donna

2012-08-01

313

Simpler ISS Flight Control Communications and Log Keeping via Social Tools and Techniques  

Science.gov (United States)

The heart of flight operations control involves a) communicating effectively in real time with other controllers in the room and/or in remote locations and b) tracking significant events, decisions, and rationale to support the next set of decisions, provide a thorough shift handover, and troubleshoot/improve operations. International Space Station (ISS) flight controllers speak with each other via multiple voice circuits or loops, each with a particular purpose and constituency. Controllers monitor and/or respond to several loops concurrently. The primary tracking tools are console logs, typically kept by a single operator and not visible to others in real-time. Information from telemetry, commanding, and planning systems also plays into decision-making. Email is very secondary/tertiary due to timing and archival considerations. Voice communications and log entries supporting ISS operations have increased by orders of magnitude because the number of control centers, flight crew, and payload operations have grown. This paper explores three developmental ground system concepts under development at Johnson Space Center s (JSC) Mission Control Center Houston (MCC-H) and Marshall Space Flight Center s (MSFC) Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC). These concepts could reduce ISS control center voice traffic and console logging yet increase the efficiency and effectiveness of both. The goal of this paper is to kindle further discussion, exploration, and tool development.

Scott, David W.; Cowart, Hugh; Stevens, Dan

2012-01-01

314

Consumers and Corporate Social Responsibility Communication: What do they really want?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper discusses whether corporations pursuing a CSR strategy are successfully addressing consumersâ?? needs and desires. As is often noted, CSR initiatives are not easily presented to consumers, but little research has, however, been conducted to explain the exact rhetorical nature of this challenge. In fact, it appears that large corporations are experiencing considerable difficulty in selecting efficient CSR strategies and also the subsequent rhetoric for addressing, in particular, the consumer segment (Sen & Bhattacharya, 2001), In other words, there could be a disparity in the relationship between production and reception of CSR communication aimed at consumers waiting to be explored. As a first step towards understanding this mismatch, this project conducts a consumer survey. The focus of the paper will thus be on the design and development of a survey intended to uncover consumersâ?? general attitudes to CSR, the categories of responsibilities they see as most important (following Carrollâ??s pyramid of responsibilities as illustrated in Ramasamy & Yeung, 2008), initiatives preferred (Kotler & Lee) and whether they pay any attention to CSR communication at all. The issue of sampling of informants will also be discussed in the paper

Schmeltz, Line

315

Reduced ability of ethanol drinkers for social communication in honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica Poll.).  

Science.gov (United States)

Foraging behavior was evaluated in honeybees trained to fly to a feeder containing sucrose only, 1% ethanol, 5% ethanol, or 10% ethanol. The results indicated that exposure to ethanol disrupted several types of honeybee social behavior within the hive. Consumption of ethanol at the feeding site reduced waggle dance activity in foraging bees and increased occurrence of tremble dance, food exchange, and self-cleaning behavior. These ethanol-induced changes in behavior may reflect effects on the central nervous system similar to the previously observed effects of food poisoning with sublethal doses of insecticides. PMID:16905444

Bozic, Janko; Abramson, Charles I; Bedencic, Mateja

2006-04-01

316

SSWP: A Social Semantic Web Portal for Effective Communication in Construction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the construction industry, there is a pressing need for computer systems that will facilitate information exchange and knowledge sharing among all industry practitioners. The Social Semantic Web Portal (SSWP) proposed in this paper will accomplish three tasks: (1) the streamlining o...

Jinyue Zhang; El-diraby, Tamer E.

2009-01-01

317

Communication of Social Agents and the Digital City - A Semiotic Perspective  

CERN Document Server

This paper investigates the concept of digital city. First, a functional analysis of a digital city is made in the light of the modern study of urbanism; similarities between the virtual and urban constructions are pointed out. Next, a semiotic perspective on the subject matter is elaborated, and a terminological basis is introduced to treat a digital city as a self-organizing meaning-producing system intended to support social or spatial navigation. An explicit definition of a digital city is formulated. Finally, the proposed approach is discussed, conclusions are given, and future work is outlined.

Kryssanov, V V; Kakusho, K; Minoh, M; Kryssanov, Victor V.; Okabe, Masayuki; Kakusho, Koh; Minoh, Michihiko

2006-01-01

318

Communication Strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This project focuses on the oil company, Shell, and their way of conducting themselves on social media sites, specifically Facebook and twitter. We establish this by using social media theory, and corporate campaign theories, and applying these to the content that Shell puts out on these particular social media sites. Furthermore, the project establishes a critical evaluation of the weight and presence of social media within modern corporate communication and issue management.

Strate, Simon Wolter; Loznica, Javor; Nærland, Kristoffer; Skipper, Mads Christian; Jensen, Charlotte Haagen

2013-01-01

319

Digital Game Playing and Direct and Indirect Aggression in Early Adolescence: The Roles of Age, Social Intelligence, and Parent-Child Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

The roles of age, social intelligence and parent-child communication in moderating the association between digital game playing and direct and indirect aggression were examined in 478 Finnish 10- and 13-year-old schoolchildren based on self-reports. The results confirmed that digital game violence was directly associated with direct aggression,…

Wallenius, Marjut; Punamaki, Raija-Leena; Rimpela, Arja

2007-01-01

320

An Analysis of the Effects of Communication Skills Training Provided to the Mothers of Six-Year-Old Children on the Social Skills of Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to analyze the effects of communication skills training program provided to the mothers on the social skills of their children. The study uses pre- and post- tests control group design. Experiment and control groups consisted of a total of 30 six-year-old children who were enrolled in nursery school. Experiment group consisted of…

Erbay, Filiz; Arslan, Emel; Cagdas, Aysel

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Risk communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with risk communication, understood as the exchange of knowledge and opinions between various actors involved in risk management. Because of new risks created by man's scientific and technological ingenuity, risk communication attains ever wider social functions, involving an increasing number of people. The tasks for risk communication often reflect conflicting perspectives and interests of the communicating parties. The author stresses the importance of communication quality, i.e. its adequacy, understandability and credibility. Risk communication has to cope with problems such as the discrepancy between the perspectives of laymen and experts, uncertainties in risk assessment and the lack of scientific literacy among the public. One of the major conditions for successful risk communication is trust in the communicators, balanced with some skepticism and critical mind. The author finally suggests that, instead of promoting ''understanding of technology'', risk communication should foster and understanding of the necessary compatibility of technology, societal and environmental issues. (author)

1994-07-01

322

Phylogeny-wide analysis of social amoeba genomes highlights ancient origins for complex intercellular communication  

Science.gov (United States)

Dictyostelium discoideum (DD), an extensively studied model organism for cell and developmental biology, belongs to the most derived group 4 of social amoebas, a clade of altruistic multicellular organisms. To understand genome evolution over long time periods and the genetic basis of social evolution, we sequenced the genomes of Dictyostelium fasciculatum (DF) and Polysphondylium pallidum (PP), which represent the early diverging groups 1 and 2, respectively. In contrast to DD, PP and DF have conventional telomere organization and strongly reduced numbers of transposable elements. The number of protein-coding genes is similar between species, but only half of them comprise an identifiable set of orthologous genes. In general, genes involved in primary metabolism, cytoskeletal functions and signal transduction are conserved, while genes involved in secondary metabolism, export, and signal perception underwent large differential gene family expansions. This most likely signifies involvement of the conserved set in core cell and developmental mechanisms, and of the diverged set in niche- and species-specific adaptations for defense and food, mate, and kin selection. Phylogenetic dating using a concatenated data set and extensive loss of synteny indicate that DF, PP, and DD split from their last common ancestor at least 0.6 billion years ago.

Heidel, Andrew J.; Lawal, Hajara M.; Felder, Marius; Schilde, Christina; Helps, Nicholas R.; Tunggal, Budi; Rivero, Francisco; John, Uwe; Schleicher, Michael; Eichinger, Ludwig; Platzer, Matthias; Noegel, Angelika A.; Schaap, Pauline; Glockner, Gernot

2011-01-01

323

Phylogeny-wide analysis of social amoeba genomes highlights ancient origins for complex intercellular communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dictyostelium discoideum (DD), an extensively studied model organism for cell and developmental biology, belongs to the most derived group 4 of social amoebas, a clade of altruistic multicellular organisms. To understand genome evolution over long time periods and the genetic basis of social evolution, we sequenced the genomes of Dictyostelium fasciculatum (DF) and Polysphondylium pallidum (PP), which represent the early diverging groups 1 and 2, respectively. In contrast to DD, PP and DF have conventional telomere organization and strongly reduced numbers of transposable elements. The number of protein-coding genes is similar between species, but only half of them comprise an identifiable set of orthologous genes. In general, genes involved in primary metabolism, cytoskeletal functions and signal transduction are conserved, while genes involved in secondary metabolism, export, and signal perception underwent large differential gene family expansions. This most likely signifies involvement of the conserved set in core cell and developmental mechanisms, and of the diverged set in niche- and species-specific adaptations for defense and food, mate, and kin selection. Phylogenetic dating using a concatenated data set and extensive loss of synteny indicate that DF, PP, and DD split from their last common ancestor at least 0.6 billion years ago. PMID:21757610

Heidel, Andrew J; Lawal, Hajara M; Felder, Marius; Schilde, Christina; Helps, Nicholas R; Tunggal, Budi; Rivero, Francisco; John, Uwe; Schleicher, Michael; Eichinger, Ludwig; Platzer, Matthias; Noegel, Angelika A; Schaap, Pauline; Glöckner, Gernot

2011-11-01

324

Pathogen Alarm Behavior in a Termite: A New Form of Communication in Social Insects  

Science.gov (United States)

Dampwood termites, Zootermopsis angusticollis, show an alarm response after detecting the presence of spores of the pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. Termites in direct contact with a high concentration of spores (107 spores/ml) show a striking vibratory display which appears to convey information about the presence of pathogens to nearby unexposed nestmates through substrate vibration. Nestmates not directly in contact with spores that perceive the vibrational signal increase significantly their distance from the spore-exposed vibrating termites, apparently to escape from the source of infection. The fleeing response is not induced by the presence of the spores alone or by pheromones, and requires the perception of the vibrations propagated through the substrate. This "pathogen alarm behavior" appears to be a previously unrecognized communication mechanism that allows termites to reduce disease risks within the nest.

Rosengaus, R. B.; Jordan, C.; Lefebvre, M. L.; Traniello, J. F. A.

325

JT Method in the Special Education: Results of the socials- communicatives skills program with mental deficient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The analysis of internal and external validity of interventions with single subjects is still a challenge for the research and for the professional practice compromised with the effectiveness of the results. When the traditional methods are not suitable(due to sampling problems or replication difficulties, it becomes necessary the development of alternative methods. This article exemplifies the use of “Method JT” for analyzing an intervention effect in the Special Education field, data been collected in a program with six mental deficient adults aimed to develop their communication skills. The program, carried out in clinical and non-clinical settings, used procedures and techniques from Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences field, cognitive-behavioral and pedagogical approaches. The results showed the usefulness of JT method to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs both in the analysis of group results as well as in concerning individual results. The potentiality of JT method in the improvement of these programs is discusse

Adriana Augusto Raimundo de Aguiar

2010-10-01

326

Does Facebook promote self-interest? Enactment of indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networking sites decreases prosocial behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Communication tools on social networking sites (SNSs) provide users with an efficient way to distribute information to the public and/or their friends simultaneously. In this article, we show that this kind of indiscriminate one-to-many (i.e., monologue) communication, in which the diverse interests of recipients are not considered, may induce a tendency toward egocentrism that interferes with other-oriented concerns, resulting in a reduced inclination to display prosocial behavior. In Experiment 1, participants induced to post a public communication subsequently allocated less money to anonymous strangers in the dictator game than did control participants. In Experiment 2, participants directing a post about participation in an experiment to their Facebook friends volunteered to help code fewer data sheets than did controls. Moreover, an egocentric state was shown to mediate the relationship between indiscriminate one-to-many communication and helping behavior. We provide the first demonstration that indiscriminate one-to-many communication on online social networks may be associated with a tendency toward self-interest. Our results suggest that the prevalence of monologue communication on SNSs may induce an egocentric tendency that undermines the likelihood of prosocial behavior. PMID:24102570

Chiou, Wen-Bin; Chen, Szu-Wei; Liao, Da-Chi

2014-02-01

327

Social dataset analysis and mapping tools for Risk Perception: resilience, people preparation and communication tools  

Science.gov (United States)

Perception has been identified as resource and part of the resilience of a community to disasters. Risk perception, if present, may determine the potential damage a household or community experience. Different levels of risk perception and preparedness can influence directly people's susceptibility and the way they might react in case of an emergency caused by natural hazards. In spite of the profuse literature about risk perception, works to spatially portray this feature are really scarce. The spatial relationship to danger or hazard is being recognised as an important factor of the risk equation; it can be used as a powerful tool either for better knowledge or for operational reasons (e.g. management of preventive information). Risk perception and people's awareness when displayed in a spatial format can be useful for several actors in the risk management arena. Local authorities and civil protection can better address educational activities to increase the preparation of particularly vulnerable groups of clusters of households within a community. It can also be useful for the emergency personal in order to optimally direct the actions in case of an emergency. In the framework of the Marie Curie Research Project, a Community Based Early Warning System (CBEWS) it's been developed in the Mountain Community Valtellina of Tirano, northern Italy. This community has been continuously exposed to different mass movements and floods, in particular, a large event in 1987 which affected a large portion of the valley and left 58 dead. The actual emergency plan for the study area is composed by a real time, highly detailed, decision support system. This emergency plan contains detailed instructions for the rapid deployment of civil protection and other emergency personal in case of emergency, for risk scenarios previously defined. Especially in case of a large event, where timely reaction is crucial for reducing casualties, it is important for those in charge of emergency management, to know in advance the different levels of risk perception and preparedness existing among several sectors of the population. Knowing where the most vulnerable population is located may optimize the use of resources, better direct the initial efforts and organize the evacuation and attention procedures. As part of the CBEWS, a comprehensive survey was applied in the study area to measure, among others features, the levels of risk perception, preparation and information received about natural hazards. After a statistical and direct analysis on a complete social dataset recorded, a spatial information distribution is actually in progress. Based on boundaries features (municipalities and sub-districts) of Italian Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a local scale background has been granted (a private address level is not accessible for privacy rules so the local districts-ID inside municipality has been the detail level performed) and a spatial location of the surveyed population has been completed. The geometric component has been defined and actually it is possible to create a local distribution of social parameters derived from perception questionnaries results. A lot of raw information and social-statistical analysis offer different mirror and "visual concept" of risk perception. For this reason a concrete complete GeoDB is under working for the complete organization of the dataset. By a technical point of view the environment for data sharing is based on a complete open source web-service environment, to offer manually-made and user-friendly interface to this kind of information. Final aim is to offer different switches of dataset, using the same scale prototype and data hierarchical structure, to provide and compare social location of risk perception in the most detailed level.

Peters-Guarin, Graciela; Garcia, Carolina; Frigerio, Simone

2010-05-01

328

Spatial Organization of Repetition Rate Processing in Cat Anterior Auditory Field  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Auditory cortex updates incoming information on a segment by segment basis for human speech and animal communication. Measuring repetition rate transfer functions (RRTFs) captures temporal responses to repetitive sounds. In this study, we used repetitive click trains to describe the spatial distribution of RRTF responses in cat anterior auditory field (AAF) and to discern potential variations in local temporal processing capacity. A majority of RRTF filters are band pass. Temporal parameters ...

2011-01-01

329

Comunicar la responsabilidad social, una opción de éxito empresarial poco explorada / Communicating social responsibility, an option of corporative success to be explored in more detail / Comunicar a responsabilidade social, uma opção de sucesso empresarial pouco explorada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O presente escrito propõe um trabalho mancomunado entre a comunicação organizacional e a responsabilidade social empresarial não como panaceia ou resposta definitiva a todas as dificuldades, mas sim como uma opção de sucesso organizacional que se enfoca em primeira medida no reforço dos processos in [...] ternos com o fim de que isto se projete para o exterior. Para contextualizar isto se faz um percurso pelas diferentes situações que deveram ultrapassar as organizações já que a projeção para o exterior entendida como competitividade obrigou às empresas a realizar mudanças em sua produtividade e, portanto nos processos internos; implacáveis mudanças e exigências do mercado que se vêm dando desde faz já várias décadas mas que ainda referem esforços e geram dificuldades. A proposta sugere que não é suficiente fazer responsabilidade social empresarial, é necessário comunicá-la, mas não somente para o exterior como foi costume até hoje, é vital integrar ao público interno primeiro que tudo, contando com que isto atrai um inumerável de benefícios que vão além da produtividade, como o sentido de pertence, o compromisso, a motivação, a satisfação no cargo e o trabalho em equipe, entre outros. Abstract in spanish El presente escrito propone un trabajo mancomunado entre la comunicación organizacional y la responsabilidad social empresarial no como panacea o respuesta definitiva a todas las dificultades pero sí como una opción de éxito organizacional que se enfoca en primera medida en el refuerzo de los proces [...] os internos con el fin de que esto se proyecte hacia el exterior. Para contextualizar esto se hace un recorrido por las diferentes situaciones que han debido sobrepasar las organizaciones ya que la proyección hacia el exterior entendida como competitividad, ha obligado a las empresas a realizar cambios en su productividad y por ende en los procesos internos; implacables cambios y exigencias del mercado que se vienen dando desde hace ya varias décadas pero que aún refieren esfuerzos y generan dificultades. El planteamiento sugiere que no es suficiente hacer responsabilidad social empresarial, es necesario comunicarla, pero no solamente hacia el exterior como ha sido costumbre hasta hoy, es vital integrar al público interno primero que todo, contando con que esto atrae un sinnúmero de beneficios que van más allá de la productividad, como el sentido de pertenencia, el compromiso, la motivación, la satisfacción en el cargo y el trabajo en equipo, entre otros. Abstract in english This paper proposes a join work between organizational communication and social responsibility no as a panacea or a definite response to all the difficulties, but as an option of organizational success primarily focused on the reinforcement of internal processes and projecting that success externall [...] y. In order to give this idea an appropriate context, a journey going through the variety of situations that have had to be surpassed by organizations, given the fact that the external projection understood as competitiveness has made companies make changes in their productivity and, therefore, in their internal processes. Those changes and demands of the market have been taking place during the last decades and still require efforts and bring difficulties. The proposal suggests that it is not enough to make social responsibility. It has to be communicated and that communication must not be only external, as it has been so far, but internal, involving those stakeholders who are inside the organization, as a priority. This brings a priceless number of benefits that go beyond productivity such as sense of belonging, commitment, motivation, satisfaction and teamwork, among others.

Esther Julia, Castaño González.

330

Conceptualizing emotions along the dimensions of valence, arousal and communicative frequency - Implications for social-cognitive test and training tools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives. Emotion words are mostly characterized along the classic dimensions of arousal and valence. In the current study we sought to complement this characterization by investigating the frequency of emotions in human everyday communication, which may be crucial information for designing new diagnostic or intervention tools to test and improve emotion recognition.Methods. One hundred healthy German individuals were asked to indicate the valence and arousal of 62 emotion words in a questionnaire. Importantly, participants were additionally asked to indicate the frequency with which they experience each emotion themselves and observe it in others. Results. Positive emotions were judged to occur more often than negative emotions in everyday life. The more negatively valenced emotions were rated to be observed more often in others than experienced in one-self. On the other hand more positively valenced emotions were experienced more often in one-self than they were observed in others. Finally, increasing age was associated with a decrease in the frequency of observing an emotion in other people. Limitations. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to ascertain if the findings also apply to other cultural and language contexts. Conclusions. These results imply a greater frequency of positive emotions than negative emotions in everyday communication. The finding of such a bias towards positive emotions can guide the selection of emotion words for implementation in socio-emotional intervention tools. Such a selection may represent an effective means for improving social cognitive functioning in people with socio-cognitive impairments.

RobertHepach

2011-10-01

331

Of volatiles and peptides: in search for MHC-dependent olfactory signals in social communication.  

Science.gov (United States)

Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), which play a critical role in immune recognition, are considered to influence social behaviors in mice, fish, humans, and other vertebrates via olfactory cues. As studied most extensively in mice, the polymorphism of MHC class I genes is considered to bring about a specific scent signature, which is decoded by the olfactory system resulting in an individual-specific reaction such as mating. On the assumption that this signature resides in volatiles, extensive attempts to identify these MHC-specific components in urine failed. Alternatively, it has been suggested that peptide ligands of MHC class I molecules are released into urine and can elicit an MHC-haplotype-specific behavioral response after uptake into the nose by sniffing. Analysis of the urinary peptide composition of mice shows that MHC-derived peptides are present, albeit in extremely low concentrations. In contrast, urine contains abundant peptides which differ between mouse strains due to genomic variations such as single-nucleotide variations or complex polymorphisms in multigene families as well as in their concentration. Thus, urinary peptides represent a real-time sampling of the expressed genome available for sensory evaluation. It is suggested that peptide variation caused by genomic differences contains sufficient information for individual recognition beyond or instead of an influence of the MHC in mice and other vertebrates. PMID:24496643

Overath, Peter; Sturm, Theo; Rammensee, Hans-Georg

2014-07-01

332

Understanding maximal repetitions in strings  

CERN Document Server

The cornerstone of any algorithm computing all repetitions in a string of length n in O(n) time is the fact that the number of runs (or maximal repetitions) is O(n). We give a simple proof of this result. As a consequence of our approach, the stronger result concerning the linearity of the sum of exponents of all runs follows easily.

Crochemore, Maxime

2008-01-01

333

On the Road to Science Literacy: Building Confidence and Competency in Technical Language through Choral Repetition  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to be successful, students must acquire the language of science for both oral and written communication. In this article we examine an oral language learning technique called choral repetition for its role in building literacy in the context of an animal physiology course. For 3 weeks, the instructor conducted choral repetitions of nine…

Hohenshell, Liesl M.; Woller, Michael J.; Sherlock, Wallace

2013-01-01

334

Repetitive combustion coating apparatus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A repetitive combustion coating apparatus for applying coatings of particulate materials such as powdered tungsten carbide and other metal alloys by discharging discrete quantities of material encapsulated in an elongated tape into a combustion chamber and igniting a fuel-air mixture therein to deliver the charge of combustion gases and entrained particulate material through a nozzle to impact the article to be coated. The apparatus includes a rotary indexing wheel over which the encapsulated tape is trained with the spaced apart capsules nested in circumferentially spaced supporting receptacles. The indexing wheel is mounted on support arms which permit limited linear reciprocation so that a ratchet mechanism incrementally indexes the wheel and permits linear movement of the wheel to successively clamp the tape capsules against a clamping die. High pressure gas is introduced through a support spindle for the indexing wheel and internal passages in the wheel to burst a capsule and deliver a charge of particulate material into a combustion chamber. The indexing of the wheel is controlled by a detent mechanism to compensate for dimensional variations in the various structural parts of the apparatus. A control system provides a timed sequence of events to deliver a charge of fuel-air mixture to the combustion chamber as well as a charge of particulate material and ignition of the mixture

1984-01-01

335

Communication Impairments in Mice Lacking Shank1: Reduced Levels of Ultrasonic Vocalizations and Scent Marking Behavior  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic component. Core symptoms are abnormal reciprocal social interactions, qualitative impairments in communication, and repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior with restricted interests. Candidate genes for autism include the SHANK gene family, as mutations in SHANK2 and SHANK3 have been detected in several autistic individuals. SHANK genes code for a family of scaffolding proteins located in the postsynaptic density of excitat...

2011-01-01

336

Social Networks and the flow of people : The effects of computer-mediated communication on mobility of young people from a rural area in Spain  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research examines how social networking fosters the mobility of young people in a rural Spain. Generally, rural areas have been overlooked in the discourse on Globalization and Network Society, which is the foundation of the concept of “linked city”. Although many scholars have highlighted the direct link between the increase in the modes of communication of people and the increase of any kind of interaction, face-to-face included, it is necessary to stress that most of these studies...

Gomez Corrochano, Daniel

2012-01-01

337

Dustbathing and intra-sexual communication of social degus, Octodon degus (Rodentia:Octodontidae) Baños de tierra y comunicación intra-sexual en el degu social, Octodon degus (Rodentia: Octodontidae)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

I observed the behavior of captive male and female Octodon degus to assess if dustbathing behavior plays a role in social communication among unfamiliar, same-sex conspecifics. Degus of a first group (control responders) were individually exposed during 10-min tests to an arena containing loose, clean soil. I compared the latency to first dustbathing as well as the overall frequency of dustbathing events recorded to control responders with the corresponding figures recorded to a second group ...

Ebensperger, Luis A.

2000-01-01

338

A ciência nos meios de comunicação de massa: divulgação de conhecimento ou reforço do imaginário social? / The Science in mass communication: popularization of knowledge or social reinforcement of the imaginary?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O texto descreve a crise teórico-metodológica da ciência moderna instaurada no século XX, contraposta ao imaginário social presente na recepção da ciência divulgada pelos meios de comunicação de massa. A descrição demonstra que há um paradoxo entre a produção do conhecimento científico, forjado nos [...] centros e instituições científicas, e a visão geral daqueles que recebem as informações científicas via meios de comunicação de massa. Para tanto, o trabalho estrutura-se em quatro etapas: 1º) descreve o processo da crise teórico-metodológica da ciência no século XX, no âmbito acadêmico; 2º) analisa a formação dos elementos constitutivos do imaginário social, sob a perspectiva sociológica; 3º) analisa as condições da ciência como informação nos meios de comunicação de massa; 4º) demonstra a veiculação das informações científicas dos meios de comunicação de massa, exemplificada pela leitura da revista Superinteressante. Abstract in english The text describes the context of the theoretical-methodological crisis of modern science established in the XX century as opposed to the present social imaginary in the reception of science disclosed in mass communication. The analysis demonstrates that there is a paradox between the production of [...] scientific knowledge forged in scientific institutions and the general vision of those that receive the scientific information through means of mass communication. The work has four consecutive themes: firstly, it describes the process of the theoretical-methodological crisis of science in the XX century in the academic realm; later on, it analyzes the formation of the constituent social elements of the imaginary, from a sociological perspective; in the third section , it analyzes the conditions of science as information within mass communication. And, lastly, it describes the means of mass communication with its scientific popularization, exemplified by the reading of the magazine Superinteressante.

Pechula, Márcia Reami.

339

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles ...

O Neil, B. A.; Forsythe, M. E.; Stanish, W. D.

2001-01-01

340

Repetitive breech presentations at term.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present a case of 38-year-old laboring woman with four-time repetitive breech presentation of the fetus at term. This rare condition affects the mode of delivery and represents serious obstetrical problem as it is associated with increased perinatal morbidity or mortality. The authors give details on risk factors for breech presentation, its diagnosis, and the discussion points on possible causes leading to repetitive breeches in laboring women. PMID:23984133

Zubor, Pavol; Zigo, Imrich; Sivakova, Jana; Moricova, Petra; Kapustova, Ivana; Krivus, Stefan; Danko, Jan

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF REPETITIONS IN THE NARRATIONS OF TURKISH SPEAKERS OF FRENCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research in discourse analysis has revealed that there are various types and functions of repetitions. This study adds to this discussion by examining the repetitions in the discourse of 83 learners of French. Repetition helps the speakers of a language to develop and maintain a conversation or speech; and is one of the mostly employed communication strategies by both native and non-native speakers. The data discussed in this study reveal that Turkish speakers of French employ repetitions both at word and group levels with the aim of stalling and/or repairing previous utterances. The study also suggests that either for stalling or repairing, group level (GL repetitions were observed to be employed more frequently compared to word level (WL repetitions.

Bilal GENÇ

2010-10-01

342

Divulgação da responsabilidade social empresarial: como os websites empresariais vêm sendo utilizados por empresas de energia e varejo / A comparison of corporate social responsibility communication on the web between the electricity and supermarket sectors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O fenômeno da Responsabilidade Social das Empresas (RSE) na gestão dos negócios vem sendo cada vez mais debatido, com isso, fazem-se necessários estudos mais diversificados relacionados a esta temática em ascensão. Este trabalho busca analisar em seis grandes empresas dos setores de distribuição de [...] energia e varejo atuantes no Nordeste, como a RSE está sendo divulgada através dos seus websites institucionais, levando em consideração que a internet é uma poderosa ferramenta de comunicação. No referencial teórico são apresentados a evolução dos estudos da RSE e o conceito de marketing social. Os indicadores que auxiliaram na avaliação da divulgação das informações relacionadas à responsabilidade social pela Internet são apresentados na metodologia. O levantamento realizado e a análise de dados não identificaram diferenças muito significativas entre as empresas dos dois setores investigados. Abstract in english Interest on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Brazil has grown and a large number of academic papers and business discussions have followed, showing the need for more diversity of studies. The Internet has become an important tool for corporations publishing their reports and other types of C [...] SR communication. This paper analyzes how the CSR communication through corporate websites has been published, particularly by comparing two industry sectors: electricity and supermarket. The results show that no major differences were found between these two in the way they publish CSR related information on the web.

José Milton de, Sousa Filho; Lilian Soares Outttes, Wanderley.

343

Divulgação da responsabilidade social empresarial: como os websites empresariais vêm sendo utilizados por empresas de energia e varejo A comparison of corporate social responsibility communication on the web between the electricity and supermarket sectors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O fenômeno da Responsabilidade Social das Empresas (RSE na gestão dos negócios vem sendo cada vez mais debatido, com isso, fazem-se necessários estudos mais diversificados relacionados a esta temática em ascensão. Este trabalho busca analisar em seis grandes empresas dos setores de distribuição de energia e varejo atuantes no Nordeste, como a RSE está sendo divulgada através dos seus websites institucionais, levando em consideração que a internet é uma poderosa ferramenta de comunicação. No referencial teórico são apresentados a evolução dos estudos da RSE e o conceito de marketing social. Os indicadores que auxiliaram na avaliação da divulgação das informações relacionadas à responsabilidade social pela Internet são apresentados na metodologia. O levantamento realizado e a análise de dados não identificaram diferenças muito significativas entre as empresas dos dois setores investigados.Interest on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR in Brazil has grown and a large number of academic papers and business discussions have followed, showing the need for more diversity of studies. The Internet has become an important tool for corporations publishing their reports and other types of CSR communication. This paper analyzes how the CSR communication through corporate websites has been published, particularly by comparing two industry sectors: electricity and supermarket. The results show that no major differences were found between these two in the way they publish CSR related information on the web.

José Milton de Sousa Filho

2007-06-01

344

Stereotypes Communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We live in a world, which is becoming a Global Village in which information and communication attract people’s attention more than ever before. Our desire to communicate with strangers and our relationships with them depend on the degree to which we are effective in communicating with them. There are so many factors restricting or improving people’s communication. This essay gives an analysis based on one factor called stereotypes. In intercultural research, the influence of stereotypes on people’s behaviors in communication is a very important issue to take into account. This paper aims to illustrate stereotypes from the aspects of their social and psychological perspectives, great influence on people’s communication, the problems they may cause, and some solutions.

Shuli Zhang

2009-10-01

345

“We are passionate about our social performance” Communicating CSR on the corporate website of a tobacco company  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives of the study: The thesis is an investigation about the CSR communication of a tobacco company on its corporate website. The study is focused on one case company. The aim is to examine how the case company manages the dilemma between its controversial business and CSR, through its main communication tool (the corporate website). The research questions are formulated as follows: 1) How does the case company communicate about CSR on its website: which issues are emphasized, which text...

Trama, Diana

2011-01-01

346

Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: To review common repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) that occur in the workplace, emphasizing diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search from January 1966 to June 1999 focused on articles published since 1990 because RSIs are relatively new diagnoses. MeSH headings that were explored using the thesaurus included "cumulative trauma disorder," "overuse injury," and "repetitive strain injury." The search was limited to English articles only, and preference was given to randomized controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Repetitive strain injuries result from repeated stress to the body's soft tissue structures including muscles, tendons, and nerves. They often occur in patients who perform repetitive movements either in their jobs or in extracurricular activities. Common RSIs include tendon-related disorders, such as rotator cuff tendonitis, and peripheral nerve entrapment disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. A careful history and physical examination often lead to the diagnosis, but newer imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound, can help in refractory cases. Conservative management with medication, physiotherapy, or bracing is the mainstay of treatment. Surgery is reserved for cases that do not respond to treatment. CONCLUSION: Repetitive strain injury is common; primary care physicians must establish a diagnosis and, more importantly, its relationship to occupation. Treatment can be offered by family physicians who refer to specialists for cases refractory to conservative management.

O'Neil, B. A.; Forsythe, M. E.; Stanish, W. D.

2001-01-01

347

Del Word-of-mouth al Marketing viral: aspectos claves de la comunicación a través de redes sociales / From Word-of-mouth to Viral marketing: key aspects of the communication across social networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objeto dejar constancia de la importancia que las redes sociales y el marketing viral han adquirido en los enfoques de la comunicación, quedando configurados comonuevos sistemas de entretenimiento y de información. Se abordan los aspectos esenciales a considerar en las campañas virales para lograr la deseada eficacia y el efecto multiplicador en la difusióndel mensaje. En el artículo se analiza con detenimiento cómo la convergencia entre medios requiere de nuevas técnicas de producción, siendo la realización y el diseño factores claves del éxito en estanueva forma de entender la comunicación.The present article introduces the relevance that the social networks and the viral communication have acquired in the approaches of the communication as new systems of entertainment and of information. The authors explain the essential aspects to achieve the wished efficiency and the multiplier effect in the diffusion of the message that must be considered in the viral campaigns. In the article is analyzed thoroughly how the convergence needs new skills of production and design, being both concepts the key factors of the success in this new way of understanding the communication.

Guadalupe Aguado Guadalupe

2009-11-01

348

Repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

I show that two spin rotators 180{degree} apart may be desirable for the repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect. I also calculate the effect of depolarization resonance on the repetitive Stern-Gerlach effect. It is shown that to first order in resonance strength, we can avoid the imperfection resonance if the energy of the beam is at G{gamma} = n + 1/2. The time available for accumulating the Stern-Gerlach kick is then limited by the intrinsic resonance. 5 refs., 1 fig.

Hsueh, S.-Y.

1990-03-13

349

Repetitions in beta-integers  

CERN Multimedia

Classical crystals are solid materials containing arbitrarily long periodic repetitions of a single motif. In this paper, we study the maximal possible repetition of the same motif occurring in beta-integers -- one dimensional models of quasicrystals. We are interested in beta-integers realizing only a finite number of distinct distances between neighboring elements. In such a case, the problem may be reformulated in terms of combinatorics on words as a study of the index of infinite words coding beta-integers. We will solve a particular case for beta being a quadratic non-simple Parry number.

Balková, L; Pelantová, E

2008-01-01

350

In the loop: a social network approach to the willingness to communicate in the L2 (L2 WTC)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Despite the conceptual importance of investigating the social context(s) in which second-language (L2) learning and use take place, the decade-old “social turn” within the field of second-language acquisition (SLA) has yet to produce a “parsimonious system of valid and generalizable parameters to describe contextual characteristics” (Dörnyei, 2009a, p. 238). Accordingly, investigating social network structure has recently been suggested as a general approach to examining the link be...

Gallagher, Hugh Colin

2012-01-01

351

Autism and exergaming: effects on repetitive behaviors and cognition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to impairment in social skills and delay in language development, and results in repetitive behaviors and restricted interests that impede academic and social involvement. Physical exercise has been shown to decrease repetitive behaviors in autistic children and improve cognitive function across the life-span. Exergaming combines physical and mental exercise simultaneously by linking physical activity movements to video game control and may yield better compliance with exercise. In this investigation, two pilot studies explored the potential behavioral and cognitive benefits of exergaming. In Pilot I, twelve children with autism spectrum disorders completed a control task and an acute bout of Dance Dance Revolution (DDR); in Pilot II, ten additional youths completed an acute bout of cyber cycling. Repetitive behaviors and executive function were measured before and after each activity. Repetitive behaviors significantly decreased, while performance on Digits Backwards improved following the exergaming conditions compared with the control condition. Additional research is needed to replicate these findings, and to explore the application of exergaming for the management of behavioral disturbance and to increase cognitive control in children on the autism spectrum. PMID:22114543

Anderson-Hanley, Cay; Tureck, Kimberly; Schneiderman, Robyn L

2011-01-01

352

Repetitive elements in parasitic protozoa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract A recent paper published in BMC Genomics suggests that retrotransposition may be active in the human gut parasite Entamoeba histolytica. This adds to our knowledge of the various types of repetitive elements in parasitic protists and the potential influence of such elements on pathogenicity. See research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/11/321

Clayton Christine

2010-01-01

353

Repetitive elements in parasitic protozoa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract A recent paper published in BMC Genomics suggests that retrotransposition may be active in the human gut parasite Entamoeba histolytica. This adds to our knowledge of the various types of repetitive elements in parasitic protists and the potential influence of such elements on pathogenicity. See research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/11/321

Clayton Christine

2010-05-01

354

Fatores determinantes no disclosure em Responsabilidade Social Corporativa (RSC): um estudo qualitativo e quantitativo com empresas listadas na Bovespa / Communication level and determinant factors of corporative social responsibility disclosure: a qualitative and quantitative study of companies listed in Bovespa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho constitui-se, enquanto uma pesquisa qualitativa e quantitativa, que a partir do levantamento de literatura acerca do processo de disclosure, em responsabilidade social corporativa (RSC) em companhias brasileiras. Realizou levantamento dos relatórios disponibilizados pelas companh [...] ias listadas na BOVESPA (Bolsa de Valores do Estado de São Paulo) para um conjunto de 123 empresas, fundamentado pelo referencial da Teoria da Divulgação Voluntária e da Teoria da Legitimidade, aliado à técnica estatística da análise fatorial, buscou identificar o nível de comunicação das informações relacionadas ao desempenho em RSC e prováveis fatores determinantes ao disclosure em responsabilidade social corporativa (RSC) a partir de variáveis independentes do desempenho econômico-financeiro e social (distribuição de riqueza) dessas companhias. Os resultados obtidos no estudo sugerem que a política de disclosure em RSC para as empresas que formaram a amostra demonstrou ser bastante incipiente e altamente vinculada a aspectos de externalidade positiva (marketing social), sendo possível estabelecer uma determinação significante entre o desempenho econômico-financeiro e social com o disclosure em RSC, para as empresas que atuam em atividade regulamentada. Abstract in english The current article is a qualitative and quantitative study based on the literature regarding the corporative social responsibility (CSR) disclosure in Brazilian companies. This research evaluated reports provided by companies listed in BOVESPA (Stock Exchange of the State of São Paulo, Brazil). Bas [...] ed on the Voluntary Disclosure Theory and Legitimacy Theory, 123 companies were evaluated in combination with factor analysis, a statistical technique, in order to identify the level of communication concerning sharing information related to CSR performance and the probable determinant factors to corporative social responsibility (CSR) disclosure using financial economical, and social performance (wealth distribution) as independent variables. The results obtained in the study suggest that the CSR disclosure policy of those companies proved very incipient and highly related to aspects of positive externality (social marketing), and therefore it is possible to establish a strong relationship between economical, financial, and social performance and CSR disclosure for the companies that carry out regulated activities.

Conceição, Sérgio Henrique da; Dourado, Gilson Barbosa; Baqueiro, Ana Gabriela; Freire, Simone; Brito, Pauline das Chagas.

355

Fatores determinantes no disclosure em Responsabilidade Social Corporativa (RSC: um estudo qualitativo e quantitativo com empresas listadas na Bovespa Communication level and determinant factors of corporative social responsibility disclosure: a qualitative and quantitative study of companies listed in Bovespa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente trabalho constitui-se, enquanto uma pesquisa qualitativa e quantitativa, que a partir do levantamento de literatura acerca do processo de disclosure, em responsabilidade social corporativa (RSC em companhias brasileiras. Realizou levantamento dos relatórios disponibilizados pelas companhias listadas na BOVESPA (Bolsa de Valores do Estado de São Paulo para um conjunto de 123 empresas, fundamentado pelo referencial da Teoria da Divulgação Voluntária e da Teoria da Legitimidade, aliado à técnica estatística da análise fatorial, buscou identificar o nível de comunicação das informações relacionadas ao desempenho em RSC e prováveis fatores determinantes ao disclosure em responsabilidade social corporativa (RSC a partir de variáveis independentes do desempenho econômico-financeiro e social (distribuição de riqueza dessas companhias. Os resultados obtidos no estudo sugerem que a política de disclosure em RSC para as empresas que formaram a amostra demonstrou ser bastante incipiente e altamente vinculada a aspectos de externalidade positiva (marketing social, sendo possível estabelecer uma determinação significante entre o desempenho econômico-financeiro e social com o disclosure em RSC, para as empresas que atuam em atividade regulamentada.The current article is a qualitative and quantitative study based on the literature regarding the corporative social responsibility (CSR disclosure in Brazilian companies. This research evaluated reports provided by companies listed in BOVESPA (Stock Exchange of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Based on the Voluntary Disclosure Theory and Legitimacy Theory, 123 companies were evaluated in combination with factor analysis, a statistical technique, in order to identify the level of communication concerning sharing information related to CSR performance and the probable determinant factors to corporative social responsibility (CSR disclosure using financial economical, and social performance (wealth distribution as independent variables. The results obtained in the study suggest that the CSR disclosure policy of those companies proved very incipient and highly related to aspects of positive externality (social marketing, and therefore it is possible to establish a strong relationship between economical, financial, and social performance and CSR disclosure for the companies that carry out regulated activities.

Sérgio Henrique da Conceição

2011-01-01

356

The Virtual Environmental Microbiology Center - A Social Network for Enhanced Communication between Water Researchers and Policy Makers  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective communication within and between organizations involved in research and policy making activities is essential. Sharing information across organizational and geographic boundaries can also facilitate coordination and collaboration, promote a better understanding of tech...

357

How chemical pollution becomes a social problem. Risk communication and assessment through regional newspapers during the management of PCB pollutions of the Rhône River (France).  

Science.gov (United States)

The case study of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) pollutions of the Rhône River (France) offers the possibility of studying criteria for the construction of social problems that result from chemical pollution (2005-2010). We investigated the dynamics of competition that create and define pollution as a social problem and entail its decline. News outlets are crucial for determining how an environmental issue emerges locally or nationally; this study used newspapers to highlight the potential of new outlets as a data source to analyze discourse variability, science-policy-media connections and the hydrosphere. Media coverage was based on a content analysis and textual data analysis of 75 articles. Analytical frameworks such as the Downs Model and the Public Arena Model (Hilgartner and Bosk, 1988) that consider time and stakeholders were tested to determine how human alteration of the hydrosphere can become a social problem and to analyze different communication strategies held by stakeholders. In terms of management, we described the temporal dynamics of the social problem based on the case study and considered an explanation of the selections. We considered the organization of particular stakeholders who define the social problem from its beginning to end by focusing on their discourses, relationships, decision-making and political choices, and scientific studies. Despite some biases, newspapers are useful for retrospectively evaluating the emergence of a social problem in the public arena by describing it through discourse and then understanding the temporal patterns of information. Despite uncertainties and information flow, decisions are made and science is translated to the public. PMID:24646671

Comby, Emeline; Le Lay, Yves-François; Piégay, Hervé

2014-06-01

358

Corporate Social Responsibility :Effects of CSR in the introduction of new products and services:the role of communication channels  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper identifies the variables to why the effectiveness of CSR when introducing new products and services is different based on choice of communication channels; PR and advertising. This study was achieved by means of a questionnaire of 119 students at Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration. Previous empirical studies have revealed that the choice of communication channel can present different effects to consumers, and it is established that PR has a stronger effect th...

Xia, Jane

2010-01-01

359

Utilização dos dispositivos de comunicação da web social pelas bibliotecas universitárias: um espaço para mediação da informação / Use of devices in social web communication through university libraries: a space for mediation of information  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A comunicação é fundamental para a interação na construção do conhecimento e mediação da informação. Ao interagir com a biblioteca por meio dos dispositivos de comunicação na Web social, para ter acesso à informação, o sujeito tem a possibilidade não apenas de identificar e localizar informações, ma [...] s também de desenvolver, no coletivo, o debate, a troca de informações e realizar outras práticas que auxiliem suas operações mentais em torno dos conteúdos acessados. Dessa maneira, neste artigo, são apresentadas características e possibilidades de utilização dos dispositivos de comunicação da Web social pelas bibliotecas universitárias no desenvolvimento de suas atividades de mediação da informação. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo bibliográfico, aplicando-se a técnica da análise de conteúdos, com o objetivo de identificar e analisar pesquisas e estudos abordando a temática na Ciência da Informação. Como resultado, foram identificadas diversas modalidades de uso desses dispositivos e suas potencialidades de aplicação no âmbito da biblioteca universitária, concluindo-se que a adoção dos diversos tipos de dispositivos demanda a análise dos objetivos específicos de cada atividade, serviço ou produto que a biblioteca pretenda desenvolver, como também do perfil de seus usuários e da infraestrutura tecnológica disponível. Contudo, numa perspectiva da missão da biblioteca universitária, concluiu-se, ainda, que é latente a necessidade da mesma repensar o seu processo de comunicação e interação com os usuários da informação, buscando utilizar, de maneira mais ampla e eficiente, esses dispositivos de comunicação da Web social. Abstract in english Communication is imperative for interaction, knowledge construction, and mediation of information. When interacting with the library using communication devices in the social web to obtain access to information, the person has the ability not only to identify and locate information, but also to disc [...] uss and exchange of information collectively, and perform and develop practices that enhance mental operations of the content accessed. Thus, this study presents features and possibilities for university libraries to use communication devices in the social web to integrate information activities. Therefore, we applied technique of content analysis to conduct a bibliographic study to identify and analyze surveys and studies on the subject in Information Science. As a result, we identified the different uses of these devices and their potential application within the university library and concluded that the adoption of different types of devices requires the analysis of the specific objectives for each activity, service or product that the library wishes to develop, as well as the user profile and the technological infrastructure available. However, in view of the mission of the university library, it was concluded that we need to rethink the process of communication and interaction with users of information in order to use these communication devices in the social web in a broader and more efficient way.

Santos, Raquel do Rosário; Gomes, Henriette Ferreira.

360

Paucity of moderately repetitive sequences. Final report.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined clones of renatured repetitive human DNA to find novel repetitive DNAs. After eliminating known repeats, the remaining clones were subjected to sequence analysis. These clones also corresponded to known repeats, but with greater sequence diver...

C. W. Schmid

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Effectiveness of a workplace training programme in improving social, communication and emotional skills for adults with autism and intellectual disability in Hong Kong--a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This pilot study explored the effectiveness of workplace training programme that aimed to enhance the work-related behaviours in individuals with autism and intellectual disabilities. Fourteen participants with autism and mild to moderate intellectual disability (mean age?=?24.6?years) were recruited. The workplace training programme included practices in work context and group educational sessions. A pre-test-post-test design was used with the Work Personality Profile, the Scale of Independent Behaviour Revised and the Observational Emotional Inventory Revised to evaluate the targeted behaviours. Improvement in social and communication skills specific to the workplace was achieved. For emotional control, participants became less confused and had a better self-concept. However, improvement in other general emotional behaviours, such as impulse control, was limited. The results indicated that a structured workplace training programme aimed at improving social, communication and emotional behaviours can be helpful for people with autism and intellectual disability. Further study with a larger sample size and a control group is recommended. The development of specific programme to cater for the emotional control needs at workplace for people with autism is also suggested. PMID:23861094

Liu, Karen P Y; Wong, Denys; Chung, Anthony C Y; Kwok, Natalie; Lam, Madeleine K Y; Yuen, Cheri M C; Arblaster, Karen; Kwan, Aldous C S

2013-12-01

362

Reference values of nonword repetition test for Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Evaluation of the phonological working memory (PWM) through repetition of nonwords can provide important information on the linguistic abilities of children, thus differentiating those with and without communication disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to obtain reference values in the Nonword Repetition Test (NWRT) in order to investigate the performance of children without language disorders concerning this type of memory. Material and METHODS: The study was conducted on 480 norm...

Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage; Márcia Aparecida Grivol

2009-01-01

363

Mapping of partially overlapping de novo deletions across an autism susceptibility region [AUTS5] in two unrelated individuals affected by developmental delays with communication impairment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in reciprocal social interaction and communication, and repetitive and stereotyped behaviors and interests. Previous genetic studies of autism have shown evidence of linkage to chromosomes 2q, 3q, 7q, 11p, 16p, and 17q. However, the complexity and heterogeneity of the disorder have limited the success of candidate gene studies. It is estimated that 5% of the autistic population carry structural chromosome abnormalities. This ar...

Newbury, Dianne F.; Warburton, Pamela C.; Wilson, Natalie; Bacchelli, Elena; Carone, Simona; Lamb, Janine A.; Maestrini, Elena; Volpi, Emanuela V.; Mohammed, Shehla; Baird, Gillian; Monaco, Anthony P.

2009-01-01

364

Repetitive learning control of continuous chaotic systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Combining a shift method and the repetitive learning strategy, a repetitive learning controller is proposed to stabilize unstable periodic orbits (UPOs) within chaotic attractors in the sense of least mean square. If nonlinear parts in chaotic systems satisfy Lipschitz condition, the proposed controller can be simplified into a simple proportional repetitive learning controller

2004-10-01

365

Playful Communication in Mentoring  

Science.gov (United States)

Freshmen in an orientation course at a state university answered questionnaires about their peer mentors' playful communication and about how well their peer mentors help them ease tensions of socialization. Results showed that a mentor's perceived playful communication helped the protege ease tensions of socialization. Proteges liked mentors who…

Young, Raymond W.; Cates, Carl M.

2005-01-01

366

Las fuerzas sociales y el escenario comunicativo en la educación para la salud: el caso del programa de crecimiento y desarrollo / Social forces and the communicative scenario in health education: the case of the growth and development program  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: comprender la construcción de los significados sobre crianza en el Programa de Monitoreo del Crecimiento y Desarrollo como medio para investigar la educación para la salud y avanzar en su fundamentación teórica y pedagógica. Método: etnografía en cuatro instituciones de salud de la ciudad [...] de Medellín basada en observación de las sesiones y entrevistas con los actores: adultos significativos y miembros de los equipos de salud. Resultados: se instaura un proceso comunicativo basado en un modelo educativo transmisionista y conductista dirigido a inculcar el cambio en los comportamientos. Discusión: el escenario pedagógico o microcontexto se encuentra influenciado por fuerzas del macrocontexto que ejercen poder sobre este, las cuales se configuran como producto de la desigual distribución de los capitales sociales, culturales y económicos. Como consecuencia, el adulto significativo y el miembro del equipo de salud se sitúan en dos planos diferentes para la construcción de significados, lo que afecta seriamente la comunicación entre ellos. La comprensión de dicho proceso social desde una perspectiva teórica más amplia permite el fortalecimiento de una posición crítica, fundamental para lograr una educación para la salud más pertinente desde su dimensión sociocultural. Abstract in english Objectives: to understand how the significance of child rearing is construed in the Growth and Development Monitoring Program as a way of studying health education and enhancing its theoretical and pedagogical framework. Method: an ethnographic study in four health institutions in Medellín, Colombia [...] , developed through observation of sessions and interviews with actors, namely significant adults and health team members. Results: a communicative process based on a behavioral education model is established to modify behavior and to impose cultural values. Conclusions: the pedagogical setting or micro-context is influenced by powerful macro-contextual forces, which are a product of uneven distribution of social, cultural and economic capital. Consequently, significant adults and health team members are situated at two different communicative levels for the construction of significance, which affects communication between them. Understanding this social process from a wider theoretical perspective strengthens critical positions, which is required for achieving more pertinent health education from a socio-cultural dimension.

Fernando, Peñaranda-Correa.

367

Las fuerzas sociales y el escenario comunicativo en la educación para la salud: el caso del programa de crecimiento y desarrollo Social forces and the communicative scenario in health education: the case of the growth and development program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivos: comprender la construcción de los significados sobre crianza en el Programa de Monitoreo del Crecimiento y Desarrollo como medio para investigar la educación para la salud y avanzar en su fundamentación teórica y pedagógica. Método: etnografía en cuatro instituciones de salud de la ciudad de Medellín basada en observación de las sesiones y entrevistas con los actores: adultos significativos y miembros de los equipos de salud. Resultados: se instaura un proceso comunicativo basado en un modelo educativo transmisionista y conductista dirigido a inculcar el cambio en los comportamientos. Discusión: el escenario pedagógico o microcontexto se encuentra influenciado por fuerzas del macrocontexto que ejercen poder sobre este, las cuales se configuran como producto de la desigual distribución de los capitales sociales, culturales y económicos. Como consecuencia, el adulto significativo y el miembro del equipo de salud se sitúan en dos planos diferentes para la construcción de significados, lo que afecta seriamente la comunicación entre ellos. La comprensión de dicho proceso social desde una perspectiva teórica más amplia permite el fortalecimiento de una posición crítica, fundamental para lograr una educación para la salud más pertinente desde su dimensión sociocultural.Objectives: to understand how the significance of child rearing is construed in the Growth and Development Monitoring Program as a way of studying health education and enhancing its theoretical and pedagogical framework. Method: an ethnographic study in four health institutions in Medellín, Colombia, developed through observation of sessions and interviews with actors, namely significant adults and health team members. Results: a communicative process based on a behavioral education model is established to modify behavior and to impose cultural values. Conclusions: the pedagogical setting or micro-context is influenced by powerful macro-contextual forces, which are a product of uneven distribution of social, cultural and economic capital. Consequently, significant adults and health team members are situated at two different communicative levels for the construction of significance, which affects communication between them. Understanding this social process from a wider theoretical perspective strengthens critical positions, which is required for achieving more pertinent health education from a socio-cultural dimension.

Fernando Peñaranda-Correa

2011-10-01

368

Las fuerzas sociales y el escenario comunicativo en la educación para la salud: el caso del programa de crecimiento y desarrollo / Social forces and the communicative scenario in health education: the case of the growth and development program  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: comprender la construcción de los significados sobre crianza en el Programa de Monitoreo del Crecimiento y Desarrollo como medio para investigar la educación para la salud y avanzar en su fundamentación teórica y pedagógica. Método: etnografía en cuatro instituciones de salud de la ciudad [...] de Medellín basada en observación de las sesiones y entrevistas con los actores: adultos significativos y miembros de los equipos de salud. Resultados: se instaura un proceso comunicativo basado en un modelo educativo transmisionista y conductista dirigido a inculcar el cambio en los comportamientos. Discusión: el escenario pedagógico o microcontexto se encuentra influenciado por fuerzas del macrocontexto que ejercen poder sobre este, las cuales se configuran como producto de la desigual distribución de los capitales sociales, culturales y económicos. Como consecuencia, el adulto significativo y el miembro del equipo de salud se sitúan en dos planos diferentes para la construcción de significados, lo que afecta seriamente la comunicación entre ellos. La comprensión de dicho proceso social desde una perspectiva teórica más amplia permite el fortalecimiento de una posición crítica, fundamental para lograr una educación para la salud más pertinente desde su dimensión sociocultural. Abstract in english Objectives: to understand how the significance of child rearing is construed in the Growth and Development Monitoring Program as a way of studying health education and enhancing its theoretical and pedagogical framework. Method: an ethnographic study in four health institutions in Medellín, Colombia [...] , developed through observation of sessions and interviews with actors, namely significant adults and health team members. Results: a communicative process based on a behavioral education model is established to modify behavior and to impose cultural values. Conclusions: the pedagogical setting or micro-context is influenced by powerful macro-contextual forces, which are a product of uneven distribution of social, cultural and economic capital. Consequently, significant adults and health team members are situated at two different communicative levels for the construction of significance, which affects communication between them. Understanding this social process from a wider theoretical perspective strengthens critical positions, which is required for achieving more pertinent health education from a socio-cultural dimension.

Fernando, Peñaranda-Correa.

369

Paradoxical Impacts of Electronic Communication Technologies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contemporary communication technologies often produce opposite results: social isolation and increased connectedness, decentralized structures and centralized structures, special and unique identities and roles and also homogenized social identities, more complex socialization patterns and simpler socialization patterns, a more defensible personal…

Salem, Philip

370

When Asking Questions Is Not Enough: An Observational Study of Social Communication Differences in High Functioning Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation examined communication patterns between high functioning children with autism and their families and typically developing children and their families within traditional dinner time conversation. Twenty families with a child with autism (3.5-7 years.) and ten families with typically developing children (3.5-6 years) were video…

Jones, Christopher D.; Schwartz, Ilene S.

2009-01-01

371

Moderating Effects of Challenging Behaviors and Communication Deficits on Social Skills in Children Diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

One-hundred nine children 3-16 years of age diagnosed with Autistic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, or Asperger's Syndrome were studied. Children resided in six states in the United States. Using moderation analysis via multiple regression, verbal communication and challenging behaviors and how they interact…

Matson, Johnny L.; Hess, Julie A.; Mahan, Sara

2013-01-01

372

Communication about Smoking in Dutch Families: Associations between Anti-Smoking Socialization and Adolescent Smoking-Related Cognitions  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents play an important role in the development of young people's smoking behavior, through the modeling effects of their own smoking status, through the ways they raise their children and through the ways they deal with smoking at home. The present study focused on anti-smoking socialization by, first, comparing the perspectives of both parents…

Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Willemsen, Marc

2004-01-01

373

Corporate social responsibility disclosure in corporate communication : A content analysis of the automotive industry’s sustainability reports  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Problems related to sustainable development such as environmental issues, human rights, orlabor conditions, are nowadays deeply integrated in our society. It became primordial forcompanies to take into consideration these problems in their business development. For morethan a decade now, car companies started to publish official documents summarizing theircommitments in favor of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) actions. Through thesesustainability reports, car producers disclose informat...

Pouvreau, Baptiste; Sonier, Pierre

2012-01-01

374

Unlimited or disrupted communication? How does the development of the mobile phone effect our ability of social action?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this essay is to discuss the thesis of the German Sociologist Günter Burkhart that in modern societies a phenomenon appeared which he calls “handymania”, an excessive and nearly addictive use of the mobile phones especially from adolescents. After a short overview about the history of the cell phone, I will relate this development to Jürgen Habermas “theory of communicative action”, more precisely to his diagnosis of a pathological society (“lifeworld”) to find out if...

Lo?hlein, Marie-sophie

2009-01-01

375

Using social and behavior change communication to increase HIV testing and condom use: the Malawi BRIDGE Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

While overall HIV prevalence in Malawi has decreased, it is still high in the southern region of the country. Behavioral prevention activities are crucial to continue the reduction in HIV prevalence. Behavior change is influenced by many factors. Previous work indicates knowledge about HIV transmission, self-efficacy to protect oneself from exposure, and accurate risk perception of one's susceptibility all impact sexual behavior. The current study looks at the effects of a behavior change communication program in Malawi called the BRIDGE II Project on psychosocial and behavioral variables. The program sought to address barriers to individual action and confront societal norms related to sexual risk behavior through a mix of community-based activities and mass media messages delivered through local radio stations. Using cohort data (n = 594), we examined the effect of BRIDGE exposure on three variables that affect HIV behaviors: knowledge, self-efficacy, and risk perception, as well as two behavioral outcomes: HIV testing and condom use at last sex. Data were collected at baseline and for a midterm evaluation. Regression analyses showed exposure to BRIDGE was significantly associated with knowledge level (? = 0.20, p communication intervention may play an important role in not only affecting HIV-related behaviors themselves, but also critical factors that affect HIV behaviors, including knowledge and self-efficacy. It is recommended that communication efforts around HIV risk reduction be increased. PMID:24735337

Kaufman, Michelle R; Rimal, Rajiv N; Carrasco, Maria; Fajobi, OlaOluwa; Soko, Anthony; Limaye, Rupali; Mkandawire, Glory

2014-10-01

376

Repetitively pulsed material testing facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A continuously operated, 1 pps, dense-plasma-focus device capable of delivering a minimum of 10"1"5 neutrons per pulse for material testing purposes is described. Moderate scaling from existing results is sufficient to provide 2 x 10"1"3 n/cm"2.s to a suitable target. The average power consumption, which has become a major issue as a result of the energy crisis, is analyzed with respect to other plasma devices and is shown to be highly favorable. A novel approach to the capacitor bank and switch design allowing repetitive operation is discussed. (U.S.)

1975-05-13

377

Local Social Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Online social networks have become essential for many users in their daily communication. Through a combination of the online social networks with opportunistic networks, a new concept arises: Local Social Networks. The target of local social networks is to promote social networking benefits in physical environment in order to leverage personal affinities in the users' surroundings. The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the concept of local social networks as a new social commun...

Sapuppo, Antonio; Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup

2010-01-01

378

Local Social Networks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Online social networks have become essential for many users in their daily communication. Through a combination of the online social networks with opportunistic networks, a new concept arises: Local Social Networks. The target of local social networks is to promote social networking benefits in physical environment in order to leverage personal affinities in the users' surroundings. The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the concept of local social networks as a new social commun...

Sapuppo, Antonio; Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup

2011-01-01

379

Corporate Social Responsibility Perspectives and Practices in Chinese Companies: A Brief Overview on Environment, Consumers and External Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Economic globalization has brought the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to the forefront of today's business community in China and around the world. The business community finds it necessary and in their benefit to implement practices learned from CSR studies for socio-economic growth and long-term sustainability. Based on successful studies created in Latin America, this paper proposes an empirical study that will address how CSR is perceived in Chinese companies and ...

2012-01-01

380

Stereotyping of medical disability claimants' communication behaviour by physicians: towards more focused education for social insurance physicians  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Physicians who hold medical disability assessment interviews (social insurance physicians) are probably influenced by stereotypes of claimants, especially because they have limited time available and they have to make complicated decisions. Because little is known about the influences of stereotyping on assessment interviews, the objectives of this paper were to qualitatively investigate: (1) the content of stereotypes used to classify claimants with regar...

Hj, Rijssen; Ajm, Schellart; Berkhof M; Jr, Anema; Aj, Beek

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Effects of immunostimulation on social behavior, chemical communication and genome-wide gene expression in honey bee workers (Apis mellifera  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Social insects, such as honey bees, use molecular, physiological and behavioral responses to combat pathogens and parasites. The honey bee genome contains all of the canonical insect immune response pathways, and several studies have demonstrated that pathogens can activate expression of immune effectors. Honey bees also use behavioral responses, termed social immunity, to collectively defend their hives from pathogens and parasites. These responses include hygienic behavior (where workers remove diseased brood and allo-grooming (where workers remove ectoparasites from nestmates. We have previously demonstrated that immunostimulation causes changes in the cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of workers, which results in altered worker-worker social interactions. Thus, cuticular hydrocarbons may enable workers to identify sick nestmates, and adjust their behavior in response. Here, we test the specificity of behavioral, chemical and genomic responses to immunostimulation by challenging workers with a panel of different immune stimulants (saline, Sephadex beads and Gram-negative bacteria E. coli. Results While only bacteria-injected bees elicited altered behavioral responses from healthy nestmates compared to controls, all treatments resulted in significant changes in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles. Immunostimulation caused significant changes in expression of hundreds of genes, the majority of which have not been identified as members of the canonical immune response pathways. Furthermore, several new candidate genes that may play a role in cuticular hydrocarbon biosynthesis were identified. Effects of immune challenge expression of several genes involved in immune response, cuticular hydrocarbon biosynthesis, and the Notch signaling pathway were confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR. Finally, we identified common genes regulated by pathogen challenge in honey bees and other insects. Conclusions These results demonstrate that honey bee genomic responses to immunostimulation are substantially broader than the previously identified canonical immune response pathways, and may mediate the behavioral changes associated with social immunity by orchestrating changes in chemical signaling. These studies lay the groundwork for future research into the genomic responses of honey bees to native honey bee parasites and pathogens.

Richard Freddie-Jeanne

2012-10-01

382

Repetitive behavior profile and supersensitivity to amphetamine in the C58/J mouse model of autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Restricted repetitive behaviors are core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The range of symptoms encompassed by the repetitive behavior domain includes lower-order stereotypy and self-injury, and higher-order indices of circumscribed interests and cognitive rigidity. Heterogeneity in clinical ASD profiles suggests that specific manifestations of repetitive behavior reflect differential neuropathology. The present studies utilized a set of phenotyping tasks to determine a repetitive behavior profile for the C58/J mouse strain, a model of ASD core symptoms. In an observational screen, C58/J demonstrated overt motor stereotypy, but not over-grooming, a commonly-used measure for mouse repetitive behavior. Amphetamine did not exacerbate motor stereotypy, but had enhanced stimulant effects on locomotion and rearing in C58/J, compared to C57BL/6J. Both C58/J and Grin1 knockdown mice, another model of ASD-like behavior, had marked deficits in marble-burying. In a nose poke task for higher-order repetitive behavior, C58/J had reduced holeboard exploration and preference for non-social, versus social, olfactory stimuli, but did not demonstrate cognitive rigidity following familiarization to an appetitive stimulus. Analysis of available high-density genotype data indicated specific regions of divergence between C58/J and two highly-sociable strains with common genetic lineage. Strain genome comparisons identified autism candidate genes, including Cntnap2 and Slc6a4, located within regions divergent in C58/J. However, Grin1, Nlgn1, Sapap3, and Slitrk5, genes linked to repetitive over-grooming, were not in regions of divergence. These studies suggest that specific repetitive phenotypes can be used to distinguish ASD mouse models, with implications for divergent underlying mechanisms for different repetitive behavior profiles. PMID:24211371

Moy, Sheryl S; Riddick, Natallia V; Nikolova, Viktoriya D; Teng, Brian L; Agster, Kara L; Nonneman, Randal J; Young, Nancy B; Baker, Lorinda K; Nadler, Jessica J; Bodfish, James W

2014-02-01

383

The framework which aims at improving compatibility of the high-level radioactive waste disposal technology with social values and the role of risk communication  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Public perception on safety is the key factor for achieving public acceptance of the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal program. Past studies on public perception and HLW management have confirmed that the public do not share the confidence of the experts in safety and feasibility of HLW disposal. The importance of a more comprehensive approach to enhance acceptability of the HLW disposal technology is recognized. This paper proposes a framework for inducing the implementers and regulators to improve compatibility of the HLW disposal technology with social values. In this framework, the implementers and regulators identify technical components which are subject to substantial influence from public concerns. Then, they manage these components through the following actions: 1) establishing policies, targets and plans to make these components compatible with social values, 2) developing and utilizing the components based on the above policies, targets and plans, 3) checking the extent of compatibility through intensive risk communication and 4) improving the process of developing and utilizing the components. This framework requires information disclosure and evaluation by an independent body which are expected to intensify the incentive to take the above actions. Canada's environmental assessment review process regarding the HLW disposal concept suggests that this framework could work effectively. (author)

2002-06-01

384

Harnessing Social Networks along with Consumer-Driven Electronic Communication Technologies to Identify and Engage Members of 'Hard-to-Reach' Populations: A Methodological Case Report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sampling in the absence of accurate or comprehensive information routinely poses logistical, ethical, and resource allocation challenges in social science, clinical, epidemiological, health service and population health research. These challenges are compounded if few members of a target population know each other or regularly interact. This paper reports on the sampling methods adopted in ethnographic case study research with a 'hard-to-reach' population. Methods To identify and engage a small yet diverse sample of people who met an unusual set of criteria (i.e., pet owners who had been treating cats or dogs for diabetes, four sampling strategies were used. First, copies of a recruitment letter were posted in pet-friendly places. Second, information about the study was diffused throughout the study period via word of mouth. Third, the lead investigator personally sent the recruitment letter via email to a pet owner, who then circulated the information to others, and so on. Fourth, veterinarians were enlisted to refer people who had diabetic pets. The second, third and fourth strategies rely on social networks and represent forms of chain referral sampling. Results Chain referral sampling via email proved to be the most efficient and effective, yielding a small yet diverse group of respondents within one month, and at negligible cost. Conclusions The widespread popularity of electronic communication technologies offers new methodological opportunities for researchers seeking to recruit from hard-to-reach populations.

Rock Melanie J

2010-01-01

385

Value Co-Creation by Customer-to-Customer Communication: Social Media and Face-to-Face for Case of Airline Service Selection  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the foundational of service science and of study of value-creation in service systems is service-dominant logic (S-D logic. S-D logic especially emphasizes the role of customers; that is, each customer is recognized as an active co-creator of knowledge and service value. Most studies on the value co-creation process have concentrated on the in- teraction between customers and providers. In contrast, this research is investigating co-creation of value and the notion of “value in use” that is central to the service-dominant logic by focusing on value co-creation from the customer per- spective, especially in terms of how customers are engaging in experiences by clarifying what different influences are produced by their exchange of information about the providers. The basic framework of the present research is a proc- ess model of value co-creation of service system, i.e., co-experience and co-definition. The main purpose is to investi- gate how new value is co-created by mutual interaction among customers by using Airline service selection as a typical case to clarify influences on the value co-creation process produced by different ways of customer-to-customer com- munication: social media and face-to-face communication. By agent-based simulation we compare learning efficiency and learning performance of the two communication styles of the customers. Learning efficiency is measured by the distance between the average payoff of the customers and that of the provider, while learning performance is measured by the average payoff obtained from Nash Equilibrium by the game played with the provider. The simulation results found that communication style influences the learning efficiency by customers as well as the learning performance. Social media is a good way when few customers know the provider correctly or have limited knowledge of the commu- nity, while face-to-face is a good way when quite a many customers know the provider correctly or trust on reputation of the provider in the community. The research results indicate that it is crucial for the provider, to establish trust with the customers.

Kyoichi Kijima

2012-03-01

386

Repetitions in strings: algorithms and combinatorics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article is an overview of basic issues related to repetitions in strings, concentrating on algorithmic and combinatorial aspects. This area is important both from theoretical and practical point of view. Repetitions are highly periodic factors (substrings) in strings and are related to periodicities, regularities, and compression. The repetitive structure of strings leads to higher compression rates, and conversely, some compression techniques are at the core of fast algorithms for detect...

Crochemore, Maxime; Ilie, Lucian; Rytter, Wojciech

2009-01-01

387

UP CLOSE AND PROFESSIONAL : A Case Study of Norway's Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg's Communication on Social Media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It did not take too long before the politicians found the social media sites Twitter and Facebook as good ways to connect to the people and spread their politics. However, due to the somewhat personal origin of these sites, how much of their personal lives do they include within their political reasons for being there? How do they balance the combination of presenting their political and professional self and the personal self? That is what this thesis aim to find out. This is not the first r...

2013-01-01

388

Corporate Social Responsibility from Employ-ees’ Point of View in Radisson Blu Leeds: Training, Healthcare and Communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis was commissioned by Radisson Blu Leeds. Radisson Blu is a part of the Rezidor Hotel Group, and Radisson Blu Leeds is one of its four star hotels in United Kingdom. The Rezidor Hotel Group has had its own Responsible Business programme since 2001. The programme includes three main areas of responsibility: the health and safety of employees and customers, respecting the social and ethical issues in the company and in the community, and reducing the company’s negative impact upon t...

Ja?rvinen, Emma

2012-01-01

389

Clinical correlates and genetic linkage of social and communication difficulties in families with obsessive-compulsive disorder: Results from the OCD Collaborative Genetics Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have autistic-like traits, including deficits in social and communication behaviors (pragmatics). The objective of this study was to determine if pragmatic impairment aggregates in OCD families and discriminates a clinically and genetically distinct subtype of OCD. We conducted clinical examinations on, and collected DNA samples from, 706 individuals with OCD in 221 multiply affected OCD families. Using the Pragmatic Rating Scale (PRS), we compared the prevalence of pragmatic impairment in OCD-affected relatives of probands with and without pragmatic impairment. We also compared clinical features of OCD-affected individuals in families having at least one, versus no, individual with pragmatic impairment, and assessed for linkage to OCD in the two groups of families. The odds of pragmatic impairment were substantially greater in OCD-affected relatives of probands with pragmatic impairment. Individuals in high-PRS families had greater odds of separation anxiety disorder and social phobia, and a greater number of schizotypal personality traits. In high-PRS families, there was suggestive linkage to OCD on chromosome 12 at marker D12S1064 and on chromosome X at marker DXS7132 whereas, in low-PRS families, there was suggestive linkage to chromosome 3 at marker D3S2398. Pragmatic impairment aggregates in OCD families. Separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and schizotypal personality traits are part of a clinical spectrum associated with pragmatic impairment in these families. Specific regions of chromosomes 12 and X are linked to OCD in high-PRS families. Thus, pragmatic impairment may distinguish a clinically and genetically homogeneous subtype of OCD. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24798771

Samuels, Jack; Shugart, Yin Yao; Wang, Ying; Grados, Marco A; Bienvenu, O Joseph; Pinto, Anthony; Rauch, Scott L; Greenberg, Benjamin D; Knowles, James A; Fyer, Abby J; Piacentini, John; Pauls, David L; Cullen, Bernadette; Rasmussen, Steven A; Stewart, S Evelyn; Geller, Dan A; Maher, Brion S; Goes, Fernando S; Murphy, Dennis L; McCracken, James T; Riddle, Mark A; Nestadt, Gerald

2014-06-01

390

"Why Do We Always Have to Say We're Sorry?": A Case Study on Navigating Moral Expectations in Classroom Communication on National Socialism and the Holocaust in Germany  

Science.gov (United States)

Against the background of the pedagogization and internationalization of Holocaust memory discourse, this contribution focuses on the specific conditions of history classes on National Socialism and the Holocaust in Germany. Using a case study, this article shows both how the meanings of these subjects are communicatively negotiated in history…

Proske, Matthias

2012-01-01

391

/ Autonomous and Regulated Campaigns in Facebook: two modalities to Communicate on a Social Networ / Campañas de promoción autónoma y de promoción reglada en Facebook: dos modalidades para comunicar en red social  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in spanish En este artículo analizamos, en primer lugar, la evolución de las audiencias de Facebook hasta su consolidación como la red social más importante del mundo, con más de 700 millones de usuarios. Por otro lado, mediante el análisis de contenido y el monitoreo de medios, describimos todas las posibilid [...] ades comunicativas que permite esta red para la interacción entre los públicos. Lo más destacado de la investigación es que mediante la observación participante, catalogamos todos los mecanismos que ofrece la red para la implementación de campañas de marketing en red. Los resultados identifican dos posibilidades diferentes: las modalidades de promoción autónomas fundamentadas en el marketing viral y las de promoción reglada que suponen un abono de dinero por parte de los demandantes. Abstract in english In this article, the evolution of Facebook audiences is analyzed until its consolidations as the most important social networks of the world, with more than 700 million users; on the other hand, through the analysis of content and the monitoring of media, all communicative possibilities which allow [...] this network for interaction among different audiences are described. The most outstanding fact of this research is that through the participating observation, all mechanisms offered by the network for implementing marketing campaigns in the network are classified. The results identify two different possibilities: autonomous promotion based on the viral marketing and the ones of ruled promotion which suppose a payment by the customers.

José, Sixto García.

392

Optimizing power output by varying repetition tempo.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of varying interrepetition rest and eccentric velocity on power output (PO) and the number of repetitions performed during a bench press set were examined in 24 college-aged resistance trained men. On 6 separate occasions, subjects performed a set of bench press at 80% 1 repetition maximum until volitional fatigue. For each of the 6 repetition tempo trials, the bench press set was paced by metronome to a unique repetition tempo involving a combination of the following: interrepetition rest of 0 or 4 seconds; eccentric velocity of 1 or 4 seconds and bottom rest of 0 or 3 seconds. The velocity of concentric contraction was maximal during all 6 tempo trials. During each trial, video data were captured to determine PO variables and number of successful repetitions completed at each tempo. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance showed tempos with a fast eccentric phase (1 second), and no bottom rest produced significantly greater (p ? 0.05) PO and repetitions than tempos involving slower eccentric velocity (4 seconds) or greater bottom rest (4 seconds). This combination of greater repetitions and PO resulted in a greater volume of work. Varying interrepetition rest (1 or 4 seconds) did not significantly affect PO or repetitions. The results of this study support the use of fast eccentric speed and no bottom rest during acute performance testing to maximize PO and number of repetitions during a set of bench press. PMID:21881531

Pryor, Riana R; Sforzo, Gary A; King, Deborah L

2011-11-01

393

Hybrid indexes for repetitive datasets.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advances in DNA sequencing mean that databases of thousands of human genomes will soon be commonplace. In this paper, we introduce a simple technique for reducing the size of conventional indexes on such highly repetitive texts. Given upper bounds on pattern lengths and edit distances, we pre-process the text with the lossless data compression algorithm LZ77 to obtain a filtered text, for which we store a conventional index. Later, given a query, we find all matches in the filtered text, then use their positions and the structure of the LZ77 parse to find all matches in the original text. Our experiments show that this also significantly reduces query times. PMID:24751871

Ferrada, H; Gagie, T; Hirvola, T; Puglisi, S J

2014-01-01

394

Repetitive gyrotron operation for ITER  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An ITER relevant repetitive operation (800 kW/600 s/20-30 min interval) is performed during 8 days in order to demonstrate the applicability of the gyrotron for ITER. Seventy-two shots successfully continued until the end of the pulse. The success rate is 82%. Shot by shot stability of voltage, current, power and frequency is measured. The voltage change ({+-}0.2%) is small compared to the beam current ({+-}2.5%). The shot by shot difference of the power is {+-}3% that is dominated by the beam current. The change of the frequency is small (<10 MHz) if all parameters are same. These results show the present gyrotron can be utilized for the ITER EC H and CD system.

Kajiwara, K., E-mail: kajiwara.ken@jaea.go.jp [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Oda, Y.; Kasugai, A.; Takahashi, K.; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Darbos, C.; Henderson, M.A. [ITER Organization, 13108 St. Paul lez Durance (France)

2011-10-15

395

O renascimento da Comunicação para a transformação social: redefinindo a disciplina e a prática depois da 'Primavera Árabe' / The revival of Communication for Social Change: redefining the discipline and practice after the 'Arab Spring' / El renacimiento de la Comunicación para el cambio social: la redefinición de la disciplina y la práctica después de la 'Primavera Árabe'  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese No mundo todo, temos experimentado um ressurgimento de práticas multilaterais de Comunicação para a transformação social, uma infinidade de ações em que voz, cidadania e o coletivo tem estado no centro do palco como valores essenciais, de princípios e práticas. Assim, esse artigo objetiva analisar a [...] s alterações conceituais advindas desse contexto de mudança, pois o mesmo desperta uma série de questões. A partir de pesquisa bibliográfica, procuramos mostrar que, ao considerar as táticas dos cidadãos na dinâmica comunicativa da sociedade em rede, as instituições podem desenvolver uma sensibilidade de modo a ver os cidadãos como agentes da transformação social. Abstract in spanish En el mondo, se ha experimentado un resurgimiento de las prácticas de la Comunicación multilateral para el cambio social, una multitud de acciones en que la voz, la ciudadanía y el colectivo ha estado en el centro del escenario como valores esenciales, principios y prácticas. Este artículo tiene com [...] o objetivo analizar los cambios que resultan de este marco conceptual del cambio, ya que plantea una serie de cuestiones. Utilizando una investigación de la literatura, se muestra que, al considerar las tácticas de los ciudadanos en la dinámica comunicativa de la sociedad en red, las instituciones pueden desarrollar una sensibilidad para poder ver los ciudadanos como agentes de transformación social. Abstract in english In all world, we have experienced a resurgence of practices multilateral communication for social change, a multitude of actions in which voice, citizenship and the collective has been at the center stage as essential values??, principles and practices. Thus, this article aims to analyze [...] the changes resulting from this conceptual context of change, because it raises a number of questions. Using a bibliographic research, we show that, when considering the tactics of citizens in communicative dynamics of the network society, institutions can develop a sensitivity in order to view citizens as agents of social transformation.

Tufte, Thomas.

396

Impediments to media communication of social change in family planning and reproductive health: experiences from East Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

The media has been employed to increase uptake of Family Planning through behaviour change communication (BCC). Understanding the barriers encountered in effectively undertaking this function would increase the strategy's effectiveness. Sixty journalists from East Africa participated in trainings to enhance their BCC skills for Family Planning in which a qualitative study was nested to identify barriers to effective Family Planning BCC in the region's media. The barriers were observed to be insufficient BCC skills, journalists' conflict of interest, interests of media houses, inaccessible sources of family planning information, editorial ideologies and absence of commercially beneficial demand. Coupled with the historical ideologies of the media in the region, the observed barriers have precipitated ineffective family planning BCC in the regions media. Effective BCC for family planning in the regions media requires capacity building among practitioners and alignment of the concept to the media's and consumers' aspirations. PMID:24069769

Kagurusi, Patrick T

2013-09-01

397

JT Method in the Special Education: Results of the socials-communicatives skills program with mental deficient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The analysis of internal and external validity of interventions with single subjects is still a challenge for the research and for the professional practice compromised with the effectiveness of the results. When the traditional methods are not suitable (due to sampling problems or replication difficulties, it becomes necessary the development of alternative methods. This article exemplifies the use of “Method JT” for analyzing an intervention effect in the Special Education field, data been collected in a program with six mental deficient adults aimed to develop their communication skills. The program, carried out in clinical and non-clinical settings, used procedures and techniques from Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences field, cognitive- behavioral and pedagogical approaches. The results showed the usefulness of JT method to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs both in the analysis of group results as well as in concerning individual results. The potentiality of JT method in the improvement of these programs is discussed.

Zilda Aparecida Pereira Del Prette

2009-12-01

398

La interacción de los públicos en las ONG 2.0: El estado actual de la comunicación social/ The interaction of the public in the NGO 2.0: The current state of social communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La Web 2.0 está cambiando el modelo de comunicación de las ONGs, pasando del uso de lasherramientas más tradicionales como la rueda de prensa o el comunicado, a otras másvanguardistas como el blog o las redes sociales. Sin lugar a dudas, el usuario (tanto la propiasociedad como los medios de comunicación, es el gran beneficiario de esta cambio, dirigidoa que el internauta genere contenidos e interactúe de forma libre con la ONG. Por ello,consideramos fundamental llevar a cabo un repaso por los principales elementos queforman parte de las páginas webs de las ONGs españolas, y las herramientas queprotagonizan la sala de prensa virtual.Con este estudio se pretende visibilizar la comunicación 2.0 que están ofreciendoactualmente las ONGs a sus stakeholders, porque consideramos que este modelo no sólo esel presente, sino que será el futuro de unas organizaciones que necesitan de sus públicospara seguir en el “mercado” no lucrativo. Sin embargo, los resultados arrojados por nuestrainvestigación nos indican que la comunicación 2.0 con los públicos está aún por determinar.Vemos que las organizaciones estudiadas implementan, poco a poco, elementos que invitanal ciudadano a participar de la ONG. Pero también es cierto que la Web 2.0 se utiliza muchomás para captar colaboradores de manera directa (a través de la e-gestión, en lugar deproporcionar un espacio propio a la sociedad a través de un blog que le permita opinar librey democráticamente./The Web 2.0 is changing the communication model in NGO, as those organizations used touse the traditional tools as the conference or the press inform. However, NGO is using thenew tools as the blog o social networking at the same time. Without doubts, the user (the society and the mass media is the main beneficiary in this change, which is focused tostakeholders make contents and they interact freely with NGO. Furthemore, we considervery important developing a main tools in websites and newsroom Spanish NGO.We want discover the communication 2.0 is appearing in the digital communication NGO, aswe considerer this is not only the present, but the future too from an organizations whichneed the stakeholders collaboration to continue in the “no profit market”. However, our research results indicate that the communication 2.0 between NGO’s and stakeholders is a question for determine. We have checked that the organizations studied are implementing slowly the elements which invite users to participate. Furthermore, it’s a reality the Web 2.0 is used for gain collaborators directly (by means of e-management, in place of providing social space which help users interact through, for example, a blog which allow expressing freely and democratically.

María del Mar Soria Ibáñez

2011-11-01

399

Repetition Priming and Repetition Suppression: A Case for Enhanced Efficiency Through Neural Synchronization  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Stimulus repetition in identification tasks leads to improved behavioral performance ("repetition priming") but attenuated neural responses ("repetition suppression") throughout task-engaged cortical regions. While it's clear that this pervasive brain-behavior relationship reflects some form of improved processing efficiency, the exact form that it takes remains elusive. In this Discussion Paper, we review four different theoretical proposals that have the potential to link repetition suppres...

Gotts, Stephen J.; Chow, Carson C.; Martin, Alex

2012-01-01

400

Not all repetition is alike: Different benefits of repetition in amnesia and normal memory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While it is well known that repetition can enhance memory in amnesia, little is known about which forms of repetition are most beneficial. This study compared the effect on recognition memory of repetition of words in the same semantic context and in varied semantic contexts. To gain insight into the mechanisms by which these forms of repetition affect performance, participants were asked to make Remember/Know judgments during recognition. These judgments were used to make inferences about th...

Verfaellie, Mieke; Rajaram, Suparna; Fossum, Karen; Williams, Lisa

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

A Nonword Repetition Task for Speakers with Misarticulations: The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT)  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Conceptual and methodological confounds occur when non(sense) word repetition tasks are administered to speakers who do not have the target speech sounds in their phonetic inventories or who habitually misarticulate targeted speech sounds. In this article, the authors (a) describe a nonword repetition task, the Syllable Repetition Task…

Shriberg, Lawrence D.; Lohmeier, Heather L.; Campbell, Thomas F.; Dollaghan, Christine A.; Green, Jordan R.; Moore, Christopher A.

2009-01-01

402

On maximal repetitions of arbitrary exponent  

CERN Document Server

The first two authors have shown [KK99,KK00] that the sum the exponent (and thus the number) of maximal repetitions of exponent at least 2 (also called runs) is linear in the length of the word. The exponent 2 in the definition of a run may seem arbitrary. In this paper, we consider maximal repetitions of exponent strictly greater than 1.

Kolpakov, Roman; Ochem, Pascal

2009-01-01

403

The Developmental Trajectory of Nonword Repetition  

Science.gov (United States)

In line with the original presentation of nonword repetition as a measure of phonological short-term memory (Gathercole & Baddeley, 1989), the theoretical account Gathercole (2006) puts forward in her Keynote Article focuses on phonological storage as the key capacity common to nonword repetition and vocabulary acquisition. However, evidence that…

Chiat, Shula

2006-01-01

404

La relevancia de la confianza institucional y la comunicación en la percepción y construcción social de riesgos / Institutional Trust and Communication in the Perception and Social Construction of Risk  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo general de este artículo es aportar, desde el punto de vista conceptual, a la percepción y construcción de riesgos y, en particular, a la observación y crítica de la intervención en torno a los riesgos ambientales que se expresan en Chile y en América Latina. La propuesta - enmarcada en [...] una perspectiva de teoría social y sociología del riesgo - consiste en algunos lineamientos teórico-metodológicos para estudiar problemas socioambientales, propios de la modernidad, los cuales se manifiestan a través de construcciones y percepciones que los actores locales (gestionadores como "gente de a pie") elaboran y que los estudios evidencian como una externalidad negativa para la salud y la calidad de vida de la población. Se examina, además, la problematización de la percepción social de riesgos, y se trabajan dos variables que la literatura muestra como reveladoras en el recuento de los riesgos en la región de estudio: la confianza y la comunicación de éstos, mismas que deben ser tomadas en cuenta en los modelos de intervención ambiental, para mejorar las políticas públicas e instrumentos de gestión relativos a los riesgos socioambientales. Abstract in english The study's objective, in general, is to offer a conceptual discussion on the perception and construction of risk and, in particular, on the observation and criticism of interventions that are implemented in relation to environmental risk expressed in Chile and Latin America. The proposal, framed in [...] the perspective of social theory and the sociology of risk, suggests some theoretical-methodological lines to approach socioenvironmental problems, particular to modernity, that are expressed through constructions and perceptions that local actors (common and key) develop and which studies evidence as a negative externality for the health and quality of life of the population. Specifically, this articles attempts to observe, from a different perspective, the problematization of social perception of risk and to work with two variables that the literature shows as relevant at the time