WorldWideScience
1

Transfer of silica-coated magnetic (Fe3O4) nanoparticles through food: a molecular and morphological study in zebrafish.  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasing use of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in biomedical applications has prompted extensive investigation of their interactions with biological systems also through animal models. A variety of toxic effects have been detected in NP-exposed fish and fish embryos, including oxidative stress and associated changes, such as lipid oxidation, apoptosis, and gene expression alterations. The main exposure route for fish is through food and the food web. This study was devised to investigate the effects of silica-coated NP administration through food in zebrafish (ZF, Danio rerio). Silica-coated magnetic NPs were administered to ZF through feed (zooplankton) from day 1 to 15 posthatching (ph). Larvae were examined 6 and 15 days ph and adults 3 and 6 months ph. A multidisciplinary approach, including morphometric examination; light, transmission electron, and confocal microscopy; inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry; and real-time polymerase chain reaction, was applied to detect NP accumulation, structural and ultrastructural damage, and activation of detoxification processes in larvae and adults. Our findings document that the silica-coated NPs: (1) do not induce toxicity in ZF, (2) are excreted through feces, and (3) do not activate detoxification processes or promote tissue/cell injury. PMID:25372245

Piccinetti, Chiara Carla; Montis, Costanza; Bonini, Massimo; Laurà, Rosaria; Guerrera, Maria Cristina; Radaelli, Giuseppe; Vianello, Fabio; Santinelli, Veronica; Maradonna, Francesca; Nozzi, Valentina; Miccoli, Andrea; Olivotto, Ike

2014-12-01

2

Fe3O4 nanoparticles: superparamagnetic behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetite ( Fe3O4 ) nanoparticles exhibit a superparamagnetic behavior when small, 1-50 nm in diameter. When cooling the sample, we reach a point called the blocking temperature (Tb), below which the magnetic moments are frozen. Each particle carries a super macrospin and aligns with other macrospins in the presence of a magnetic field. We will show results obtained on the nanoparticles of two batches: 5-15nm and 40-50nm in diameter. We studied these particles with Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM). We will show magnetization curves taken at different temperatures and Field Cooling versus Zero Field Cooling measurements, to determine Tb. We will show Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) images of nanoparticles deposited on a substrate. The AFM images provide information about the structure and morphology of the nanoparticles assembly. We will include Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) images to show the local magnetic profile of individual particles. By comparing VSM data and AFM/MFM images, our goal is to understand the superparamagnetic behavior of nanoparticles.

Trevino, Matea; Chesnel, Karine; Olsen, Betsy; Boerio-Goates, Julie

2010-10-01

3

Dielectric behavior of Bi–Fe3O4 nanocomposite and Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared via mechanochemical processing  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bi–Fe3O4 nanocomposite and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared via mechanochemical processing. Structural, compositional, and morphological characterizations of products were carried out by using X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy and Transmission electron microscopy. The investigation of dielectric constant (??), dielectric loss tangent (tan ?), and AC resistivity was carried out in an applied field with frequency range of 100–1 MHz and at temperatures from 79 to 300 K. The variation of DC electrical resistivity with temperature was investigated with a two probe method from 79 to 300 K. It was found that ??and tan ? decrease with increasing frequency and temperature. The DC resistivity decreases with increasing temperature. The experimental results show that both AC and DC resistivity, dielectric constants and activation energy of Bi–Fe3O4 nanocomposite are larger than those related to Fe3O4 and tan ? of the composite is much lower than that of Fe3O4. - Highlights: • Bi–Fe3O4 nanocomposite and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared via ball milling. • Their dielectric loss tangent (tan ?) and AC resistivity (?AC) were determined. • We examine the DC resistivity of samples within the temperature range from 79 to 300 K • The AC and DC dielectric constants of Bi–Fe3O4 are larger than those of Fe3O4. • The activation energy of Bi–Fe3O4 is larger than of Fe3O4

4

Synthesis and properties of Au–Fe3O4 and Ag–Fe3O4 heterodimeric nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Monodisperse Au–Fe3O4 heterodimeric nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by injecting precursors into a hot reaction solution. The size of Au and Fe3O4 particles can be controlled by changing the injection temperature. UV–Vis spectra show that the surface plasma resonance band of Au–Fe3O4 heterodimeric NPs was evidently red-shifted compared with the resonance band of Au NPs of similar size. The as-prepared heterodimeric Au–Fe3O4 NPs exhibited superparamagnetic properties at room temperature. The Ag–Fe3O4 heterodimeric NPs were also prepared by this synthetic method simply using AgNO3 as precursor instead of HAuCl4. It is indicated that the reported method can be readily extended to the synthesis of other noble metal conjugated heterodimeric NPs. (condensed matter: structure, thermal and mechanical properties)

5

Synthesis and characterization of functionalized silica-coated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanocrystals for biological applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanocrystals were prepared by a chemical coprecipitation method with a thin thickness-adjustable silica layer coated on the surface by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate. The silica-coated Fe3O4 nanocrystals were well dispersed and consisted of a 6-7 nm diameter magnetic core and a silica shell about 2 nm thick, according to transmission electron microscopy observations. Fourier transform infrared spectra revealed that amino (-NH2) groups were successfully covalently bonded to the silica-coated Fe3O4 and then carboxyl (-COOH) groups were functionalized to the surface through the reaction of -NH2 and glutaric anhydride. The synthesized nanocrystals have a cubic spinel structure as characterized by x-ray diffraction, electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Their magnetic properties were carefully investigated by a SQUID magnetometer. The results showed that the nanocrystals were superparamagnetic and the blocking temperature TB shifted from 131 K down to 92 K after they were coated with a thin nonmagnetic layer, since this layer can effectively suppress the magnetic dipolar interaction between particles; the chemically inert silica layer can limit the outside environment effect on the Fe3O4 cores quite well due to the excellent magnetic reproducibility of the coated nanocrystals after ageing for 7 months at room temperature. In addition, the dependence of their high-field specific magnetization on temperature has a T2 relationship. These functionalized silica-coated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanocrystals have great potential in biomagnetic applications.

He, Y. P.; Wang, S. Q.; Li, C. R.; Miao, Y. M.; Wu, Z. Y.; Zou, B. S.

2005-05-01

6

Preparation of Fe3O4/polystyrene composite particles from monolayer oleic acid modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles via miniemulsion polymerization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4/polystyrene composite particles were prepared from oleic acid (OA) modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles via miniemulsion polymerization. It was concluded that the surface properties of OA modified magnetite nanoparticles have a great effect on preparation of the composite particles. When Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated by multilayer of OA was employed, there were large amounts of free polystyrene particles in the product. Fe3O4/polystyrene composite particles with defined structure and different magnetite content can be readily prepared from monolayer OA modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles. It was concluded that surface of the monolayer OA modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles is more hydrophobic than that of the multilayer coated ones, thus improving the dispersibility of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles in styrene monomer and allowing preparation of the Fe3O4/polystyrene composite particles with defined structure and controllable magnetite content.

7

Enzymes immobilization on Fe3O4-gold nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the present study Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by coprecipitation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ from chlorides. In the next step magnetite-gold core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized from HAuCl4 using an ethanol as a reducing agent. Finally, magnetic nanoparticles were functionalized by hexadecanethiol. The immobilization of biological molecules (trypsin and glucose oxidase) to the thiol-modified and unmodified magnetite-gold nanoparticles surface was tested. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, Mössbauer spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy.

8

In situ preparation of monodispersed Ag/polyaniline/Fe3O4 nanoparticles via heterogeneous nucleation  

OpenAIRE

Acrylic acid and styrene were polymerized onto monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles using a grafting copolymerization method. Aniline molecules were then bonded onto the Fe3O4 nanoparticles by electrostatic self-assembly and further polymerized to obtain uniform polyaniline/Fe3O4 (PANI/Fe3O4) nanoparticles (approximately 35 nm). Finally, monodispersed Ag/PANI/Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by an in situ reduction reaction between emeraldine PANI and silver nitrate. Fourier transform infrared...

Bian, Longchun; Bao, Lixia; Wang, Jiliang; Lei, Jingxin

2013-01-01

9

Modifying Fe3O4 nanoparticles with humic acid for removal of Rhodamine B in water.  

Science.gov (United States)

Humic acid (HA) modifying Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (Fe(3)O(4)/HA) was developed for removal of Rhodamine B from water. Fe(3)O(4)/HA was prepared by a coprecipitation procedure with cheap and environmentally friendly iron salts and HA. TEM images revealed the Fe(3)O(4)/HA (with ? 10 nm Fe(3)O(4) cores) were aggregated as aqueous suspensions. With a saturation magnetization of 61.2 emu/g, the Fe(3)O(4)/HA could be simply recovered from water with magnetic separations at low magnetic field gradients within a few minutes. Sorption of the Rhodamine B to Fe(3)O(4)/HA reached equilibrium in less than 15 min, and agreed well to the Langmuir adsorption model with maximum adsorption capacities of 161.8 mg/g. The Fe(3)O(4)/HA was able to remove over 98.5% of Rhodamin B in water at optimized pH. PMID:22321856

Peng, Liang; Qin, Pufeng; Lei, Ming; Zeng, Qingru; Song, Huijuan; Yang, Jiao; Shao, Jihai; Liao, Bohan; Gu, Jidong

2012-03-30

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Functionalized magnetic core–shell Fe3O4-SiO2 nanoparticles for sensitive detection and removal of Hg2+  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Fe3O4 nanoparticles [NPs] coated with silica nanoparticles were designed and prepared, the obtained Fe3O4-SiO2 NPs have uniform spherical morphology with a mean diameter of about 22 nm. The inert silica coating on the surface of Fe3O4 NPs not only significantly prevented their aggregation in solution but also improved their chemical stability and provided wider sites for surface modification with organic chemosensors. Subsequently an attempt had been made that the as-synthesized Fe3O4-SiO2 NPs were modified by N-(rhodamine-6G) lactam–ethylenediamine, the functionalized magnetic Fe3O4-SiO2 NPs (Fe3O4-SiO2-Rho) served as a “naked eye” fluorescent sensor to detect Hg2+. The Fe3O4-SiO2-Rho NPs exhibited selective “turn-on” type fluorescent change from colorless to orange when adding to Hg2+. In addition, the adsorption experiments revealed that the Fe3O4-SiO2-Rho NPs had effective removal toward Hg2+. Moreover, the functionalized Fe3O4-SiO2 microspheres displayed superparamagnetic properties, which made it easier to separate the nanocomposites from the liquid phase by adding an external magnetic field. Our efforts provided a potential magnetic nanomaterial potential magnetic nanomaterial for sensitive detection and removal toward Hg2+ simultaneously.Graphical AbstractA rhodamine 6G derivative functionalized Fe3O4-SiO2 nanoparticles were designed and synthesized (as Fe3O4-SiO2-Rho). The Fe3O4-SiO2-Rho exhibited selective “turn-on” type fluorescent change from colorless to orange with Hg2+, which constituted an Hg2+-selective fluorescent colorimetric nanosensor.

11

Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy study of dextran-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by untrasonification of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with dextran at 85 degree C in sodium citrate medium. The surface chemical component, structure and bond of uncoated and dextran-coated nanoparticles were measured by synchrotron radiation XPS(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy). Qualitative and quantitative analysis of C1s and O1s of Fe3O4 and dextran-Fe3O4 showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were successively coated by sodium citrate via Fe-O-C bond, and dextrans, which can be linked with their carboxylate moiety via hydrogen bond. Sodium citrate could enhance the disperse stability of reaction system and hydrophilicity of dextran-Fe3O4. (authors)

12

Enhanced specific absorption rate in silanol functionalized Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles: study of Fe leaching in Fe3O4 and hyperthermia in L929 and HeLa cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

Core-shell Fe3O4-SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been synthesized using a simple synthesis procedure at different temperatures. These MNPs are used to investigate the effect of surface coating on specific absorption rate (SAR) under alternating magnetic field. The temperature achieved by silica coated Fe3O4 is higher than that by uncoated MNPs (Fe3O4). This can be attributed to extent of increase in Brownian motion for silica coated MNPs. The sample prepared at optimized temperature of 80°C shows the highest SAR value of 111W/g. It is found that SAR value decreases with increase in shell thickness. The chemical stability of these samples is analyzed by leaching experiments at pH 2-7. The silica coated samples are stable up to 7 days even at pH 2. Biocompatibility of the MNPs is evaluated in vitro by assessing their cytotoxicity on L929 and human cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells) using sulforhodamine-B assay. Their hyperthermic killing ability is also evaluated in HeLa cells using the same method. Cells treated with MNPs along with induction heating show decrease in viability as compared to that without induction heating. Further, cell death is found to be ?55% more in cells treated with silica coated MNPs under induction heating as compared to untreated control. These results establish the efficacy of Fe3O4-SiO2 prepared at 80°C in killing of tumor cells by cellular hyperthermia. PMID:25089699

Majeed, Jerina; Pradhan, Lina; Ningthoujam, Raghumani Singh; Vatsa, Rajesh Kumar; Bahadur, Dhirendra; Tyagi, Avesh Kumar

2014-10-01

13

Influence of carbon nanotubes support on the morphology of Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, the effects of carbon nanotubes as a support to the morphology and size of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles have been investigated. The synthesis of Fe3O4/CNTs nanocomposite powder was performed by the direct precipitation method through ferric chloride (II) and (III) at room temperature. The prepared samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results demonstrated considerable changes in the Fe3O4 nanoparticle size, also the morphology of Fe3O4/CNTs nanocomposite powder from agglomerative into rode shape.

Zabihi, F.; Taleshi, F.; Salmani, A.; Pahlavan, A.; Dehghan-niarostami, N.; Vadadi, M. M.

2015-03-01

14

Biophysical interactions of polyamidoamine dendrimer coordinated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with insulin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advanced delivery systems, such as nano/micro carriers have not been studied significantly for their molecular interactions with serum proteins and other biologically relevant macromolecules. Here, we investigated the effect of surface chemistry of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles on molecular interactions with human insulin by fluorescence, XRD and FTIR spectroscopy. Nanoparticles of Fe3O4 were chemically modified as Fe3O4-glutathione (GSH) and Fe3O4-GSH-polyamidoamine generation 4 (PAMAM G4) dendrimer. Our results demonstrate that, Fe3O4 and its conjugates such as Fe3O4-GSH, Fe3O4-GSH-G4 quenched insulin fluorescence, indicating strong interactions between insulin protein molecule and Fe3O4. The fluorescence quenching constants Ksv were obtained as 0.0367 x 10(3), 0.0303 x 10(3) and 0.0131 x 10(3) M and the binding constant K were found to be 27.095, 8.404 and 6.026 mM for Fe3O4, Fe3O4-GSH and Fe3O4-GSH-PAMAM G4, respectively. Both the Ksv and K (binding constant) values revealed that the interaction of Fe3O4 with insulin to be stronger over to dendrimer conjugates. In addition, the FTIR spectra suggested that the presence of nanoparticles results in secondary structure alteration in the insulin conformation. The study implies the critical evaluation of new delivery systems in establishing the biocompatibility, especially when delivered by systemic route. PMID:24804549

Samant, Mayuri; Banerjee, Shashwat S; Taneja, Neetika; Zope, Khushbu; Ghogale, Preetam; Khandare, Jayant J

2014-07-01

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Photoluminescence and photothermal effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for medical imaging and therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Photoluminescence (PL) of Fe3O4 nanoparticle was observed from the visible to near-infrared (NIR) range by laser irradiation at 407?nm. PL spectra of ?10?nm diameter Fe3O4 nanoparticles organized in different spatial configuration, showed characteristic emissions with a major peak near 560?nm, and two weak peaks near 690?nm and 840?nm. Different band gap energies were determined for these Fe3O4 nanoparticle samples corresponding to, respectively, the electron band structures of the octahedral site (2.2?eV) and the tetrahedral site (0.9?eV). Photothermal effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was found to be associated with the photoluminescence emissions in the NIR range. Also discussed is the mechanism responsible for the photothermal effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in medical therapy.

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Effects of Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles on A549 Cells  

OpenAIRE

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MgNPs-Fe3O4) are widely used in medical applications, including magnetic resonance imaging, drug delivery, and in hyperthermia. However, the same properties that aid their utility in the clinic may potentially induce toxicity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of MgNPs-Fe3O4 in A549 human lung epithelial cells. MgNPs-Fe3O4 caused cell membrane damage, as assessed by the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)...

Hiroshi Kasai; Kazuaki Kawai; Taizo Shiraishi; Tadashi Nittami; Yoshifumi Hirokawa; Daisuke Kurioka; Akiko Sato; Daiki Okamoto; Yasuki Hori; Misao Yoneda; Ayaka Morohashi; Yukari Totsuka; Masatoshi Watanabe

2013-01-01

17

Preparation and characterization of superparamagnetic graphene oxide nanohybrids anchored with Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: • A new method for fabrication of GPO–Fe3O4 nanostructured hybrid was demonstrated. • The FT-IR analysis of nanohybrid shows infrared peaks characteristic of amide link. • EDX spectrum shows intense peaks for Iron along with carbon and oxygen peaks. • SEM images confirm the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the GPO surface. • This nanohybrid is a potential material for electromagnetic devices and biomedicine. -- Abstract: We describe a novel method for the preparation of a graphene oxide (GPO) – magnetic nanoparticle (Fe3O4) (GPO–Fe3O4) nanostructured hybrids by a simple and effective method. In this method, the fabrication of multi-component nanostructure system involves covalent attachment of GPO with Fe3O4 through dopamine (do) (GPO–do-Fe3O4). Optical microscopy (OM), ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to demonstrate the successful attachment of Fe3O4 to GPO. It was found that the fabricated nanohybrid shows superparamagnetic behavior and allows rapid separation under an external-magnetic field. The FT-IR analysis of GPO–do-Fe3O4 nanohybrid shows infrared (IR) peaks characteristic of amide (-CO-NH-) link on the surface of GPO. TGA analysis clearly shows two major stages of thermal degradation, different from the pattern of observed for dopamine coated Fe3O4 surface. An EDX spectrum of GPO–do-Fe3O4 shows intense peaks for Iron (Fe) along with carbon and oxygen peaks. SEM images further support the FT-IR and TGA results and confirm the presence of Fe3O4 on GPO surface. Thus, the resultant GPO–do-Fe3O4 nanohybrid system carries both electrical and magnetic properties, which are important for applications ranging from electro-magnetic devices to biomedicine

18

Microwave dielectric and magnetic properties of superparamagnetic 8-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The superparamagnetic 8-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles were successfully prepared by chemical oxidation process. For the complex permittivity, the dual dielectric relaxation processes have been proved by two overlapped Cole–Cole semicircles, and the natural resonance frequency is 3.03 GHz for the complex permeability. The maximum reflection loss value reaches ?55.5 dB at 6.11 GHz with 3.85 mm in the thickness of the absorbers for the superparamagnetic 8-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles which is better than that of 150 nm and 30 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles. It is believed that the superparamagnetic 8-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles can be used as a kind of candidate for microwave absorber. - Highlights: ? Superparamagnetic 8-nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized by the simple chemical oxidation. ? The dual dielectric relaxation processes have been proved by the two overlapped Cole–Cole semicircles for the complex permittivity. ? The natural resonance frequency is 3.03 GHz which is larger than the one of 150 nm and 30 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles. ? These possess better microwave absorption properties than 150 nm and 30 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

19

Exceeding natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation  

OpenAIRE

Magnetic nanoparticles have attracted much research interest in the past decades due to their potential applications in microwave devices. Here, we adopted a novel technique to tune cut-off frequency exceeding the natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation. We observed that the cut-off frequency can be enhanced from 5.3?GHz for Fe3O4 to 6.9?GHz forFe3O4@SiO2 core-shell structure superparamagnetic nanoparticles, which are much hig...

Ning-Ning Song; Hai-Tao Yang; Hao-Liang Liu; Xiao Ren; Hao-Feng Ding; Xiang-Qun Zhang; Zhao-Hua Cheng

2013-01-01

20

Preparation, characterization and SRXPS study of polyvinyl alcohol modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were coated with PVA to synthesize PVA-Fe3O4 complex, which were characterized by transmission electron microscopy(TEM),thermo gravimetric(TG) analysis, UV-vis spectra,zeta potentials and ICP-MS, in terms of the physicochemical properties, while surface constituents, structures and chemical bonds of the modified and unmodified nanoparticles were characterized with synchrotron radiation X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(SRXPS), for exploring modification mechanism of the PVA-Fe3O4. The results indicate that after PVA modification, the suspension stability of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in water and cellular uptake capability were significantly improved compared with unmodified Fe3O4. The SRXPS analysis reveals that the hydroxy groups on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and PVA were combined by hydrogen bond to consist a stable system, which would be beneficial to the biomedical applications of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. (authors)

21

Oriented assembly of Fe3O4 nanoparticles into monodisperse hollow single-crystal microspheres.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetite nanoparticles of Fe3O4 were found to assemble into monodisperse hollow Fe3O4 microspheres with tunable diameters ranging from 200 to 400 nm and open pores on the shells in ethylene glycol in the presence of dodecylamine (DDA). The oriented assembly of nanoparticles conferred the individual hollow Fe3O4 microspheres a remarkable feature of single crystals. The morphologies of the products could be easily manipulated by varying the synthesis parameters. Increasing the concentration of DDA led to an obvious shape evolution of the products from rhombic nanoparticles to hollow microspheres, solid microspheres, and finally irregular nanoparticles, which were mainly attributed to the special self-assembly phenomenon of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the solvothermal process. PMID:17064123

Yu, Dabin; Sun, Xiaoquan; Zou, Jiwei; Wang, Zirong; Wang, Feng; Tang, Kun

2006-11-01

22

Versatile functionalization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles via RAFT polymerization and click chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Azide-functionalized chain transfer agent (CTA) was synthesized and subsequently employed to mediate the reversible addition fragmentation transfer (RAFT) polymerization of poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate (PEGMA) on the alkyne-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles surface together with click chemistry. In a single pot procedure, azide-functionalized CTA, alkyne-functionalized Fe3O4 and PEGMA were combined to produce the desired product. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that PEGMA chains were grafted to Fe3O4 nanoparticles using RAFT polymerization and click chemistry.

23

Zero-field-cooled and field-cooled susceptibility in superspin-glasses and superparamagnets: $Fe_3 O_4$ and gold-coated $Fe_3 O_4$ nanoparticles  

CERN Document Server

We have measured zero-field cooled (ZFC) susceptibility ($\\chi_{ZFC}$) and field-cooled (FC) susceptibility ($\\chi_{FC}$) of Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ nanoparticles and gold-coated Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ (F$_{3}$O$_{4}$@Au) nanoparticles as a function of temperature. The interparticle spacing of core Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ nanoparticles is increased due to the Au shell in F$_{3}$O$_{4}$@Au nanoparticles. Our results are compared with numerical calculations on the scaling form of ZFC and FC susceptibility based on the superparamagnetic blocking model. Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ nanoparticles exhibits a superspin-glass--like behavior. The susceptibility is characterized by the flatness or decrease of the FC susceptibility below a peak temperature ($T_{b}$) of the ZFC susceptibility. The magnetic field dependence of $T_{b}$ forms a critical line with an exponent $p = 1.78 \\pm 0.36$, close to the de Almeida-Thouless exponent (= 3/2). This line is the phase boundary between the SPM and SSG phases. Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$@Au nanoparticles exhibit a superpar...

Fullem, S I; Suzuki, M; Wang, L; Zhong, C J; Fullem, Sharbani I.; Suzuki, Itsuko S.; Suzuki, Masatsugu; Wang, Lingyan; Zhong, Chuan-Jian

2006-01-01

24

Magnetic and rheological properties of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticle/organic hybrid  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 nanoparticle/organic hybrids were synthesized via hydrolysis using iron (III) acetylacetonate at ?80 deg. C. The synthesis of Fe3O4 was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, selected-area diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the organic matrix had diameters ranging from 7 to 13 nm depending on the conditions of hydrolysis. The saturation magnetization of the hybrid increased with an increase in the particle size. When the hybrid contained Fe3O4 particles with a size of less than 10 nm, it exhibited superparamagnetic behavior. The blocking temperature of the hybrid containing Fe3O4 particles with a size of 7.3 nm was 200 K, and it increased to 310 K as the particle size increased to 9.1 nm. A hybrid containing Fe3O4 particles of size greater than 10 nm was ferrimagnetic, and underwent Verwey transition at 130 K. Under a magnetic field, a suspension of the hybrid in silicone oil revealed the magnetorheological effect. The yield stress of the fluid was dependent on the saturation magnetization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the hybrid, the strength of the magnetic field, and the amount of the hybrid

25

Sonochemical synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of air-stable Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Air-stable nanoparticles of Fe3O4/Au were prepared via sonolysis of a solution mixture of hydrogen tetrachloroaureate(III) trihydrate (HAuCl4) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with further drop-addition of sodium citrate. The Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles were characterized by x-ray powder diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry. Nanoparticles of Fe3O4/Au obtained under appropriate conditions possess a very high saturation magnetization of about 63 emu g-1 and their average diameter is about 30 nm

26

Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its antibacterial application  

Science.gov (United States)

The Present work outlines the antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized through chemical combustion method where ferric nitrate is used as precursor material and urea as fuel with the assistant of Tween 80, a non-ionic surfactant. The obtained Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis/thermo gravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA), particle size analyzer, SEM with EDAX and TEM. Various parameters such as dislocation density, micro strain, analysis of weight loss and surface morphological studies were calculated. The particle size was calculated from XRD and it was found to be 33-40 nm. Using well diffusion method antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was tested against gram-positive and gram-negative Staphylococus aureus, Xanthomonas, Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris. Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited strong antibacterial activity against bacterial species.

Prabhu, Y. T.; Rao, K. Venkateswara; Kumari, B. Siva; Kumar, Vemula Sesha Sai; Pavani, Tambur

2015-02-01

27

Temperature dependence of magnetic property and photocatalytic activity of Fe3O4/hydroxyapatite nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4/hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanoparticles have been developed as a novel photocatalyst support, based on the embedment of magnetic Fe3O4 particles into HAP shell via homogeneous precipitation method. The resultant nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). These particles were almost spherical in shape, rather monodisperse and have a unique size of about 25 nm in diameter. The effect of calcination temperature on magnetic property and photocatalytic activity of Fe3O4/HAP nanoparticles was investigated in detail. The obtained results showed that the Fe3O4/HAP nanoparticles calcined at 400 oC possessed good magnetism and photocatalytic activity in comparison with that calcined at other temperatures.

28

Spin transport in molecules studied by Fe3O4/molecule nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work, we synthesize single molecular layer coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles to form the network of the molecular junction spin valves. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles chemically bond with molecules without any physically absorbed molecules, leading to one monolayer molecule coated on nanoparticles. The magnetoresistance (MR) of cold-pressed Fe3O4/oleic acid nanoparticles is more than two times larger than bare Fe3O4 nanoparticles, indicating weaker spin scattering in molecules. Furthermore, the MR ratio is as high as ˜21 % at room temperature for Fe3O4/alkane molecule nanoparticles. Interestingly, even though the resistance spans about two decades as the alkane molecular length varies from 0.7 to 2.5 nm, the MR ratio stays approximately constant. This molecular length independent spin valve MR, originated from the weaker hyperfine interaction strength of the ?-electrons in alkane molecules, entails room-temperature spin-conserving transport in molecular materials. Using the size of ˜500 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles, a large MR is achieved in a relatively low magnetic field. This feature opens a door for the development of future spin-based molecular electronics. Moreover, spin injection at the interface of Fe3O4/stearic acid molecule is investigated in a comparative study between Fe3O4 nanoparticles chemically bonded (ChemNPs) and physically absorbed (PhyNPs) molecules. A MR of 12 % at room temperature is observed in ChemNPs, in sharp contrast to the zero MR ratio in PhyNPs, reflecting that the chemical bonding is crucial for spin injection. These results show that the hybrid nanoparticles provide a simple approach to study the spin transport in molecules.

Yue, F. J.; Wang, S.; Wu, D.

2013-05-01

29

High-temperature magnetic properties of noninteracting single-domain Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

Magnetic measurements have been performed on 40-nm sphere-like Fe3O4 nanoparticles using a Quantum Design vibrating sample magnetometer. Coating Fe3O4 nanoparticles with SiO2 effectively eliminates magnetic interparticle interactions so that the coercive field HC in the hightemperature range between 300 K and the Curie temperature (855 K) can be well fitted by an expression for noninteracting randomly oriented single-domain particles. From the fitting parameters, the effecti...

Wang, Jun; Beeli, Pieder; Meng, L. H.; Zhao, Guo-meng

2010-01-01

30

Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles: one-pot synthesis, biofunctionalization and toxicity evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Superparamagnetic Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles have been synthesized using a single step hot-injection precipitation method. The synthesis involved using Fe(CO)5 as iron precursor and HAuCl4 as gold precursor in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid. Oleylamine helps in reducing Au3+ to Au0 seeds which simultaneously oxidizes Fe(0) to form Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles. Triton® X-100 was employed as a highly viscous solvent to prevent agglomeration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Detailed characterization of these nanoparticles was performed by using x-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning tunneling electron microscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy, Mössbauer and magnetometry studies. To evaluate these nanoparticles’ applicability in biomedical applications, L-cysteine was attached to the Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles and cytotoxicity of Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was tested using CHO cells by employing MTS assay. L-cysteine modified Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles were qualitatively characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy; and quantitatively using acid ninhydrin assay. Investigations reveal that that this approach yields Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles with an average particle size of 80 nm. Mössbauer studies indicated the presence of Fe in Fe3+ in A and B sites (tetrahedral and octahedral, respectively) and Fe2+ in B sites (octahedral). Magnetic measurements also indicated that these nanoparticles were superparamagnetic in nature due to Fe3O4 region. The saturation magnetization for the bifunctional nanoparticles was observed to be ˜74 emu g-1, which is significantly higher than the previously reported Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Mössbauer studies indicated that there was no significant Fe(0) impurity that could be responsible for the superparamagnetic nature of these nanoparticles. None of the investigations showed any presence of other impurities such as Fe2O3 and FeOOH. These Au-Fe3O4 bifunctional nanoparticles showed no significant cytotoxicity to the CHO cells up to 48 h even at concentrations of 1 mg ml-1 making them suitable for biomedical applications such as local heat generators (hyperthermia) for cancer treatment and drug delivery vehicles.

Pariti, A.; Desai, P.; Maddirala, S. K. Y.; Ercal, N.; Katti, K. V.; Liang, X.; Nath, M.

2014-09-01

31

Attapulgite-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles via co-precipitation technique  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The attapulgite/Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (ATP-Fe3O4) were prepared by co-precipitation technique in the aqueous suspension of attapulgite pre-modified with FeCl3. The co-precipitation occurred by ammonia in presence of ferrous chloride at 90 oC under magnetic stirring. Morphology observation showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were absorbed to attapulgite nano-needles' surfaces and their dispersibilities in water was also studied. The ATP-Fe3O4 particles had been characterized with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), pore surface area (BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM).

32

ESR on Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study we have investigated temperature and frequency dependence of magnetic properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPION) having a size of 1.1 nm. The polycrystalline powders placed in nonmagnetic paraffin just above its melting temperature, have been tried to orient in the presence of strong magnetic field (15 kg) and cooled down to melting temperature of paraffin. A sample with dimensions 1.5x2x2.5 mm was cut from this ingot and ESR measurements have been carried out in a temperature range of 10-300 K. A single, relatively broad and temperature dependent ESR signal was observed at all measurement temperatures. The linewidth slightly increases with decreasing temperature down to 100 K, then it sharply increases down to 60 K. Below 60 K the trend is reversed and the linewidth start to decrease. The resonance field remains almost constant down to 100 K and decreases sharply as the temperature is decreased further. The ESR spectra of Fe3O4 shows a linear dependence on microwave frequency. By using experimental results, the effective g-value and internal field are deduced as 1.9846 and 40 G, respectively

33

Numerical Characterization of Magnetically Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube-Fe3O4 Nanoparticle Complex.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alignment states of one-dimensional multiwalled carbon nanotubes containing various contents of zero-dimensional ferriferrous oxide nanoparticles (MWCNT-Fe3O4) were numerically characterized. MWCNT-Fe3O4 complexes were successfully prepared via in situ surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization, followed by a coprecipitation process. The complexes showed strong magnetism, which endowed them with the ability to be aligned under the action of an external magnetic field. The intensity of the magnetic field, loading content of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and viscosity of dispersing medium, however, all had substantial effects on the alignment degree. To evaluate the alignment effectively and quantitatively, an orientation tensor description based on marking the direction of a single MWCNT in a selected region of optical images was employed. The results showed that MWCNT-Fe3O4 complex containing 26 wt % of Fe3O4 nanoparticles achieved a desirable alignment in deionized water under a magnetic field intensity of 0.10 T. Accordingly, epoxy composites reinforced with such aligned MWCNT-Fe3O4 complexes displayed 12.3 and 10.9% enhancement in tensile strength and modulus, as well as 8.9 and 6.1% enhancement in flexural strength and modulus, respectively. PMID:25597815

Jia, Xiaolong; Li, Wusheng; Xu, Xianjuan; Li, Wenbin; Cai, Qing; Yang, Xiaoping

2015-02-11

34

Preparation and characterization of PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an MRI contrast agent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVPI)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by using inverse chemical co-precipitation method, in which the PVPI serves as a stabilizer and dispersant. The wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) results showed that the inverse spinel structure pure phase polycrystalline Fe3O4 was obtained. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results exhibited that the resulted Fe3O4 nanoparticles were roughly spherical in shape with narrow size distribution and homogenous shape. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results suggested that PVPI interacted with Fe3O4 via its carbonyl groups. Results of superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) indicated prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited superparamagnetic behavior and high saturation magnetization. T2-weighted MRI images of PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles showed that the magnetic resonance signal was enhanced significantly with increasing nanoparticles concentration in water at room temperature. These results indicated that the PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles had great potential for application in MRI as a T2 contrast agent. - Highlights: • PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared using inverse co-precipitation method. • Resulted Fe3O4 nanoparticles were roughly spherical in shape with narrow size distribution and homogenous shape. • Prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited superparamagnetic behavior. • T2-weighted MRI images of PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were obtained

35

Adsorption of uranium ions from aqueous solution by amine-group functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle was functionalized by covalently grafting amine group with (3-aminopropyl) trimethoxy silane, and the Fe3O4-NH2 nanoparticle and the Fe3O4 nanoparticle were characterized by Fourier transform infrared, and X-ray diffraction. And the results indicated the amine-group was immobilized successfully on the surface of Fe3O4. The adsorption behavior of uranium from aqueous solution by the Fe3O4 nanoparticle and the Fe3O4-NH2 nanoparticle was investigated using batch experiments. The pH of initial aqueous solution at 5.0 and 6.0 were in favour of adsorption of uranium, and the adsorption percentage of uranium by the Fe3O4 nanoparticle and the Fe3O4-NH2 nanoparticle were 81.2 and 95.6 %, respectively. In addition, the adsorption of uranium ions could be well-described by the Langmuir, Freundlich isotherms and pseudo-second kinetic models. The monolayer adsorption maximum capacity of the Fe3O4 nanoparticle and the Fe3O4-NH2 nanoparticle were 85.35 and 268.49 mg/g at 298.15 K, respectively, which indicate the adsorption capacity the Fe3O4 nanoparticle was improved by amine functionalization. (author)

36

Dumbbell-like Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles: a new nanostructure for supercapacitors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Monodispersed dumbbell-like Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and studied for use in supercapacitors. These dumbbell NPs show Au/Fe3O4-size dependent capacitive behaviors and the 7-14 nm Au-Fe3O4 NPs have the best specific capacitance of 464 F g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) and capacity retention of 86.4% after 1000 cycles, much larger than pure Fe3O4 NPs (160 F g(-1) and 72.8% retention). This capacitive enhancement is believed to arise from the Au-induced increase in electron transfer across the dumbbell-like NPs. Thise report demonstrates a new strategy to enhance oxide NP capacitance for applications in high performance supercapacitors. PMID:25697907

Liu, Sheng; Guo, Shaojun; Sun, Shouheng; You, Xiao-Zeng

2015-03-01

37

Dumbbell-like Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles: a new nanostructure for supercapacitors  

Science.gov (United States)

Monodispersed dumbbell-like Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and studied for use in supercapacitors. These dumbbell NPs show Au/Fe3O4-size dependent capacitive behaviors and the 7-14 nm Au-Fe3O4 NPs have the best specific capacitance of 464 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 and capacity retention of 86.4% after 1000 cycles, much larger than pure Fe3O4 NPs (160 F g-1 and 72.8% retention). This capacitive enhancement is believed to arise from the Au-induced increase in electron transfer across the dumbbell-like NPs. Thise report demonstrates a new strategy to enhance oxide NP capacitance for applications in high performance supercapacitors.Monodispersed dumbbell-like Au-Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and studied for use in supercapacitors. These dumbbell NPs show Au/Fe3O4-size dependent capacitive behaviors and the 7-14 nm Au-Fe3O4 NPs have the best specific capacitance of 464 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 and capacity retention of 86.4% after 1000 cycles, much larger than pure Fe3O4 NPs (160 F g-1 and 72.8% retention). This capacitive enhancement is believed to arise from the Au-induced increase in electron transfer across the dumbbell-like NPs. Thise report demonstrates a new strategy to enhance oxide NP capacitance for applications in high performance supercapacitors. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details and additional figures (Fig. S1 to Fig. S4). See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr00135h

Liu, Sheng; Guo, Shaojun; Sun, Shouheng; You, Xiao-Zeng

2015-03-01

38

Large low-field magnetoresistance in Fe3O4/molecule nanoparticles at room temperature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Acetic acid molecule-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles, 450-650 nm in size, have been synthesized using a chemical solvothermal reduction method. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements confirm one monolayer acetic acid molecules chemically bond to the Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The low-field magnetoresistance (LFMR) of more than -10% at room temperature and -23% at 140 K is achieved with saturation field of less than 2 kOe. In comparison, the resistivity of cold-pressed bare Fe3O4 nanoparticles is six orders of magnitudes smaller than that of Fe3O4/molecule nanoparticles, and the LFMR ratio is one order of magnitude smaller. Our results indicate that the large LFMR in Fe3O4/molecule nanoparticles is associated with spin-polarized electrons tunnelling through molecules instead of direct nanoparticle contacts. These results suggest that magnetic oxide-molecule hybrid materials are an alternative type of materials to develop spin-based devices by a simple low-cost approach.

39

Facilely preparation and microwave absorption properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? A bran-new method is firstly used to fabricate Fe3O4 nanoparticles. ? The detailed analysis of formation mechanism is discussed. ? The electromagnetic absorption properties are defined. ? The effect of nanometer-sized is considered for the excellent microwave absorption. - Abstract: The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by a novel wet-chemical method which shows its highly synthesizing efficiency and controllability. A possible formation mechanism was also proposed to explain the synthesizing process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were employed and yielded an examination of an average diameter of 77 nm of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles with face-centered cubic structure. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and vector network analyzer were employed to measure the magnetic property and electromagnetic parameters of the nanoparticles, then reflection losses (RL (dB)) were calculated in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. A large saturation magnetization (72.36 emu/g) and high coercivity (95 Oe) were determined and indicated that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles own strong magnetic performance. Following simulation results showed that the lowest reflection loss of the sample was ?21.2 dB at 5.6 GHz with layer thickness of 6 mm. Effect of nanometer-sized further provided an explanation for the excellent microwave absorption behavior shown by the Fe3O4 nanoparticles

40

Conjugating folate on superparamagnetic Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles using click chemistry  

Science.gov (United States)

Gold-coated magnetic core@shell nanoparticles, which exhibit magneto-optical properties, not only enhance the chemical stability of core and biocompatibility of surface, but also provide a combination of multimodal imaging and therapeutics. The conjugation of these tiny nanoparticles with specific biomolecules allows researchers to target the desired location. In this paper, superparamagnetic Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles were synthesized and functionalized with the azide group on the surface by formation of self-assembled monolayers. Folate (FA) molecules, non-immunogenic target ligands for cancer cells, are conjugated with alkyne and then immobilized on the azide-terminated Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (click reaction). Myelogenous leukemia K562 cells were used as a folate receptor (FR) model, which can be targeted and extracted by magnetic field after interaction with the Fe3O4@Au-FA nanoparticles.

Shen, Xiaofang; Ge, Zhaoqiang; Pang, Yuehong

2015-02-01

41

Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over Co-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped with cobalt ions have been successfully synthesized by the co-precipitation process. The X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the as-prepared nanoparticles. The results show that the phase structure of the nanoparticles is spinel structure of pure Fe3O4 with the particle size ranging from 40 to 50 nm. The Co-doping concentration can be controlled by changing the atomic ratio of the stock materials. The catalytic activity of the Co-doped Fe3O4 was further investigated by decomposing the phenol in liquid phase. The results show that cobalt ions doping can improve the catalytic efficiency of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in phenol degradation with catalytic reaction fitting the first-order kinetics. According to the estimated reaction rate of Co-doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles at different temperatures, the activation energy was calculated to be 45.63 kJ/mol

42

Monodispersed core-shell Fe3O4(at)Au nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The ability to synthesize and assemble monodispersed core-shell nanoparticles is important for exploring the unique properties of nanoscale core, shell, or their combinations in technological applications. This paper describes findings of an investigation of the synthesis and assembly of core (Fe3O4)-shell (An) nanoparticles with high monodispersity. Fe3O4 nanoparticles of selected sizes were used as seeding materials for the reduction of gold precursors to produce gold-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4(at)Au). Experimental data from both physical and chemical determinations of the changes in particle size, surface plasmon resonance optical band, core-shell composition, surface reactivity, and magnetic properties have confirmed the formation of the core-shell nanostructure. The interfacial reactivity of a combination of ligand-exchanging and interparticle cross-linking was exploited for molecularly mediated thin film assembly of the core-shell nanoparticles. The SQUID data reveal a decrease in magnetization and blocking temperature and an increase in coercivity for Fe3O4(at)Au, reflecting the decreased coupling of the magnetic moments as a result of the increased interparticle spacing by both gold and capping shells. Implications of the findings to the design of interfacial reactivities via core-shell nanocomposites for magnetic, catalytic, and biological applications are also briefly discussed

43

Fe3O4 nanoparticles: protein-mediated crystalline magnetic superstructures  

Science.gov (United States)

The synthesis of magnetic, monodisperse nanoparticles has attracted great interest in nanoelectronics and nanomedicine. Here we report the fabrication of pure magnetite nanoparticles, less than ten nanometers in size, using the cage-shaped protein apoferritin (Fe3O4-ferritin). Crystallizable proteins were obtained through careful successive separation methods, including a magnetic chromatography that enabled the effective separation of proteins, including a Fe3O4 nanoparticle (7.9 ± 0.8 nm), from empty ones. Macroscopic protein crystals allowed the fabrication of three-dimensional arrays of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with interparticle gaps controlled by dehydration, decreasing their magnetic susceptibilities and increasing their blocking temperatures through enhanced dipole-dipole interactions.

Okuda, Mitsuhiro; Eloi, Jean-Charles; Jones, Sarah E. Ward; Sarua, Andrei; Richardson, Robert M.; Schwarzacher, Walther

2012-10-01

44

Fe3O4 nanoparticles: protein-mediated crystalline magnetic superstructures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The synthesis of magnetic, monodisperse nanoparticles has attracted great interest in nanoelectronics and nanomedicine. Here we report the fabrication of pure magnetite nanoparticles, less than ten nanometers in size, using the cage-shaped protein apoferritin (Fe3O4–ferritin). Crystallizable proteins were obtained through careful successive separation methods, including a magnetic chromatography that enabled the effective separation of proteins, including a Fe3O4 nanoparticle (7.9 ± 0.8 nm), from empty ones. Macroscopic protein crystals allowed the fabrication of three-dimensional arrays of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with interparticle gaps controlled by dehydration, decreasing their magnetic susceptibilities and increasing their blocking temperatures through enhanced dipole–dipole interactions. (paper)

45

Single source preparation of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles by simple cyclic microwave approach  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized in high yield. • PEG-200 was applied as both solvent and reductive agent. • Single source synthesis of Fe3O4 was performed. • Nontoxic materials and surfactant were used in current investigation. • Reaction time and temperature significantly decreased in current experiment. - Abstract: Polyol mediated process was applied for the synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles under microwave irradiation. By combination of polyol medium and microwave irradiation different advantages including low reaction time, low consumption of energy, and simplicity were achieved. Different parameters affecting on products including microwave irradiation power, reaction time, reactants concentration, and solvent were changed to reach the optimum condition for synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Facile preparation and separation are important features of this route. This work has provided a general, simple, and effective method to control the composition and morphology of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in nonaqueous solution, which will be important for inorganic synthesis methodolog

46

Catalytic performance of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for cyclocondensation synthesis of thiacrown ethers  

Science.gov (United States)

The catalytic function of nanoparticles is one the most successful applications of nanotechnologies so far. A novel and mild one-pot cyclocondensation reaction catalyzed by Fe3O4 nanoparticles is achieved for the first time in this work. By the function of those nanoparticles, the thiacrown ethers, including both 1,4-dithiane and 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane were obtained with considerable yield and turnover in a milder condition than that of the conventional routes. The excellent dehydrating ability and acid sensitivity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were discovered in a series of experiments of esterification of DL-malic acid. The catalytic reaction mechanism of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was explored through the investigation of morphology evolution of those nanoparticles by transmission electron microscopy. Interestingly, the as-prepared big nanoparticles were decomposed into hollow or loose bounded aggregates of smaller nanoparticles after catalytic cycles. The result shown in this work claims promising utilization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with big potential in catalytic synthesis.

Lin, Shangxin; Chen, Yajie; Tan, Xiepeng; Song, Feng; Yue-Bun Pun, Edwin; He, Zhubing; Pu, Jixiong

2015-01-01

47

Encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with silica thin layer as an anode material for lithium secondary batteries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles were coated with a SiO2 layer by using a modified sol-gel method. The synthetic procedures for Fe3O4 nanoparticles encapsulated with a SiO2 layer (SiO2-Fe3O4) consist of three consecutive steps: (i) fabrication of Fe3O4 by the co-precipitation method, (ii) stabilization of Fe3O4 with citrate as a capping agent, which is used to prevent particles from aggregating, and (iii) silica encapsulation by a modified sol-gel reaction. Based on the experimental range, SiO2-Fe3O4 exhibited higher cyclic performance than the intrinsic one. The reversible capacity of Fe3O4 with SiO2 at the first cycle was 363 mA h g-1 and the remaining discharge capacity was 321 mA h g-1 after the 30th cycle.

48

Magnetic properties and microwave absorption properties of carbon fibers coated by Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles were plated on carbon fibers from nitrate and dimethylamine borane solution at 90 oC for 1 h. The structures and morphologies of the composite were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The thickness of the Fe3O4 films is about 1 ?m. The saturation magnetization of the Fe3O4/CFs composites reaches 39.5 emu/g and coercivity reaches 166.9 Oe. The reflectivity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles covered carbon fiber (2.90-5.12 mm in thickness) is less than -10 dB over the range of 3.52-10.01 GHz and -20 dB over the range of 5.49-7.75 GHz. The lowest reflectivity of the Fe3O4/CFs composites is -35 dB at 6.37 GHz for a layer of 4.41 mm in thickness.

49

The Nature of Magnetic State of Small Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

We have investigated the nature of the magnetic state of 4 nm and 7 nm magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles and show that they form a collective superspin glass state. Magnetic force on the nanoparticles relevant to the tumor targeting application was determined as well.

Dolins?ek, J.; Hae Jin Kim; Jaglic?ic?, Z.; Hyun-Wook Kang; Gaehang Lee; Soboc?an, U.

2011-01-01

50

The Nature of Magnetic State of Small Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We have investigated the nature of the magnetic state of 4 nm and 7 nm magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles and show that they form a collective superspin glass state. Magnetic force on the nanoparticles relevant to the tumor targeting application was determined as well.

J. Dolinšek

2011-12-01

51

Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with fucan polysaccharides  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work we report the preparation of fucan-coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles by the co-precipitation method. These nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. The nanoparticles showed quasi-spherical morphology with mean sizes around 10 nm. XRD and FT-IR confirmed the functionalization of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles with the fucan polysaccharide. Room temperature magnetization measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy showed that the nanoparticles exhibited superparamagnetic behavior at 300 K and the magnetic properties of the Fe3O4 are partly screened by the coating preventing aggregation. - Highlights: • Syntheses of fucan-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were made by co-precipitation method. • The efficiency of polysaccharide coated was analyzed by XRD and FT-IR. • The magnetic nanoparticles mean size was 10–20 nm. • The fucan-coated magnetite nanoparticles showed superparamagnetic behavior

52

Effect of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles on lysozyme amyloid aggregation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Peptide amyloid aggregation is a hallmark of several human pathologies termed amyloid diseases. We have investigated the effect of electrostatically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 on the amyloid aggregation of lysozyme, as a prototypical amyloidogenic protein. Thioflavin T fluorescence assay and atomic force microscopy were used for monitoring the inhibiting and disassembly activity of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4. We have found that magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles are able to interact with lysozyme amyloids in vitro leading to a reduction of the amyloid aggregates, thus promoting depolymerization; the studied nanoparticles also inhibit lysozyme amyloid aggregation. The ability to inhibit lysozyme amyloid formation and promote lysozyme amyloid disassembly exhibit concentration-dependent characteristics with IC50 = 0.65 mg ml-1 and DC50 = 0.16 mg ml-1 indicating that nanoparticles interfere with lysozyme aggregation already at stoichiometric concentrations. These features make Fe3O4 nanoparticles of potential interest as therapeutic agents against amyloid diseases and their non-risk exploitation in nanomedicine and nanodiagnostics.

53

Effect of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles on lysozyme amyloid aggregation  

Science.gov (United States)

Peptide amyloid aggregation is a hallmark of several human pathologies termed amyloid diseases. We have investigated the effect of electrostatically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 on the amyloid aggregation of lysozyme, as a prototypical amyloidogenic protein. Thioflavin T fluorescence assay and atomic force microscopy were used for monitoring the inhibiting and disassembly activity of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4. We have found that magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles are able to interact with lysozyme amyloids in vitro leading to a reduction of the amyloid aggregates, thus promoting depolymerization; the studied nanoparticles also inhibit lysozyme amyloid aggregation. The ability to inhibit lysozyme amyloid formation and promote lysozyme amyloid disassembly exhibit concentration-dependent characteristics with IC50 = 0.65 mg ml-1 and DC50 = 0.16 mg ml-1 indicating that nanoparticles interfere with lysozyme aggregation already at stoichiometric concentrations. These features make Fe3O4 nanoparticles of potential interest as therapeutic agents against amyloid diseases and their non-risk exploitation in nanomedicine and nanodiagnostics.

Bellova, Andrea; Bystrenova, Eva; Koneracka, Martina; Kopcansky, Peter; Valle, Francesco; Tomasovicova, Natalia; Timko, Milan; Bagelova, Jaroslava; Biscarini, Fabio; Gazova, Zuzana

2010-02-01

54

The immunotherapeutic effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles as adjuvants on mice H22 live cancer.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this paper is to prepare Fe3O4 nanoparticles and study its immunotherapeutic effect as adjuvants on mice H22 live cancer. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by chemical coprecipitation route. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive Analysis (EDS) were used to characterize Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were compared with the common alum adjuvants for its ability to induce immunity to inhibit tumor growth rate by prophylactic and therapeutic studies. Results indicated that Fe3O4 nanopaticles adsorbed autovaccine took great advantages over the common alum adjuvants after subcutaneous injection, raised the mass inhibitory rate of tumor, boosted the activity of cytotoxicity and enhanced the level of IFN-gamma cytokine. Thus, we concluded that Fe3O4 nanoparticles as adjuvants had great potential for enhancing anti-tumor immune response. PMID:20352885

Liu, Hui; Zhanl, Dongsheng; Du, Yiqun

2010-01-01

55

Green synthesis of soya bean sprouts-mediated superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were first synthesized via soya bean sprouts (SBS) templates under ambient temperature and normal atmosphere. The reaction process was simple, eco-friendly, and convenient to handle. The morphology and crystalline phase of the nanoparticles were determined from scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra. The effect of SBS template on the formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was investigated using X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results indicate that spherical Fe3O4 nanoparticles with an average diameter of 8 nm simultaneously formed on the epidermal surface and the interior stem wall of SBS. The SBS are responsible for size and morphology control during the whole formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. In addition, the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) results indicate the products are superparamagnetic at room temperature, with blocking temperature (TB) of 150 K and saturation magnetization of 37.1 emu/g.

56

Biocompatibility of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their cytotoxic effect on MCF-7 cells  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Daozhen Chen,1,3,* Qiusha Tang,2,* Xiangdong Li,3,* Xiaojin Zhou,1 Jia Zang,1 Wen-qun Xue,1 Jing-ying Xiang,1 Cai-qin Guo11Central Laboratory, Wuxi Hospital for Matemaland Child Health Care Affiliated Medical School of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province; 2Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology, Medical College, Southeast University, Jiangsu Province; 3The People’s Hospital of Aheqi County, Xinjiang, China *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: The objective of this study was to evaluate the synthesis and biocompatibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and investigate their therapeutic effects when combined with magnetic fluid hyperthermia on cultured MCF-7 cancer cells.Methods: Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared using a coprecipitation method. The appearance, structure, phase composition, functional groups, surface charge, magnetic susceptibility, and release in vitro were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and a vibrating sample magnetometer. Blood toxicity, in vitro toxicity, and genotoxicity were investigated. Therapeutic effects were evaluated by MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide] and flow cytometry assays.Results: Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the shapes of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were approximately spherical, with diameters of about 26.1 ± 5.2 nm. Only the spinel phase was indicated in a comparison of the x-ray diffraction data with Joint Corporation of Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS X-ray powder diffraction files. The O-to-Fe ratio of the Fe3O4 was determined by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy elemental analysis, and approximated pure Fe3O4. The vibrating sample magnetometer hysteresis loop suggested that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were superparamagnetic at room temperature. MTT experiments showed that the toxicity of the material in mouse fibroblast (L-929 cell lines was between Grade 0 to Grade 1, and that the material lacked hemolysis activity. The acute toxicity (LD50 was 8.39 g/kg. Micronucleus testing showed no genotoxic effects. Pathomorphology and blood biochemistry testing demonstrated that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles had no effect on the main organs and blood biochemistry in a rabbit model. MTT and flow cytometry assays revealed that Fe3O4 nano magnetofluid thermotherapy inhibited MCF-7 cell proliferation, and its inhibitory effect was dose-dependent according to the Fe3O4 nano magnetofluid concentration.Conclusion: The Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared in this study have good biocompatibility and are suitable for further application in tumor hyperthermia.Keywords: characterization, biocompatibility, Fe3O4, magnetic nanoparticles, hyperthermia

Chen DZ

2012-09-01

57

Orthogonal optimization design for preparation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles via chemical coprecipitation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles ranging from 8.9 to 12.2 nm were prepared by chemical coprecipitation based on L16(45) orthogonal experiments. The effects of five process parameters (pH, Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio, reaction temperature, ferric salt concentration, and crystallization temperature) on particle size and specific saturation magnetization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were investigated. The micro-morphology, crystal structure, specific saturation magnetization, and surface properties were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibration magnetometer (VSM), and Fourier infrared (FT-IR). The results indicate that Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio and pH are the main factors affecting particle size and specific saturation magnetization, respectively. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles are mostly spherical powders with a narrow size distribution and a high purity. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles can achieve high dispersion performance and suspension stability by in situ dispersion with double adsorption layers.

58

Fabrication of docetaxel surfaced Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles and their cytotoxicity on 4?T1 breast cancer cells  

OpenAIRE

Background:In the recent years, there is an increasing attention to the using of Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) as drug delivery systems. Application of this nanoparticles could profit advantages of nanomedicine to enhance biological activity of pharmaceutical ingredients. Methods:Fe3O4 MNPs were synthesised by a chemical method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy techniques. In the next step, docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs were prepared...

Mh, Yazdi; Najafi Niazzadeh, Z.; MR Khorramizadeh; Amini, M.; Ar, Shahverdi

2012-01-01

59

Simple polyol route to synthesize heptanoic acid coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Heptanoic acid@Fe3O4 nanocomposite has been prepared via simple polyol. ? Heptanoic acid used as both surfactant and solvents. ? Magneto polymer composite with adjustable Ea has a potential usage as functional composites. - Abstract: Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were prepared via polyol method by using FeCl2 as only source of iron. As-prepared samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermal gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Crystalline phase was identified as Fe3O4 and the crystallite sizes were calculated as 19.1 ± 1.1 and 22 ± 1.3 nm for uncalcinated and calcinated products from X-ray line profile fitting. The capping of heptanoic acid around Fe3O4 nanoparticles was confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy, the interaction being via bridging oxygen's of the carboxylate and the nanoparticle surface and also by TG analysis. VSM measurements showed that both samples exhibited typical superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature with different Ms values. The ?? decreases with increasing frequency for both composites and permeability has almost same values for all temperatures at higher frequencies. As synthesized and calcinated samples conductivity increase linearly with the temperature

60

Fabrication of Fe3O4 nanoparticle arrays via patterned template assisted self-assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetic nanoparticle arrays have been fabricated by combining chemically synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a diblock copolymer template substrate consisting of self-assembled polystyrene (PS) dots in a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) matrix. The influence of the volume fraction of the Fe3O4 suspending solution and the withdrawal speed of the template on the formation of array structures was investigated. A small volume fraction of the nanoparticles and low withdrawal speed play an important role in the fabrication of the patterned arrays of nanoparticles via template assisted self-assembly. Below a withdrawal speed of 0.5 mm s-1 and a nanoparticle volume fraction below 0.05 vol% (in particular, at extremely high dilutions of less than 0.01 vol%), the selective deposition of one to several nanoparticles on every single PS dot becomes possible

61

Low temperature synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its application in lithium ion batteries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Low temperature synthesis method. ? Excellent long cycle performance. ? Well structure stability. - Abstract: Well dispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles with mean size about 160 nm are synthesized by a simple chemical method at atmosphere pressure. The products are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and Raman spectrum. Electrochemical properties of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles as anode electrodes of lithium ion batteries are studied by conventional charge/discharge tests, showing initial discharge and charge capacities of 1140 mAh g-1 and 1038 mAh g-1 at a current density of 0.1 mA cm-2. The charge and discharge capacities of Fe3O4 electrode decrease along with the increase of cycle number, arriving at minimum values near the 70th cycle. After that, the discharge and charge capacities of Fe3O4 electrode begin to increase along with the increase of cycle number, arriving at 791 and 799 mAh g-1 after 393 cycles. The morphology and size of the electrode after charge and discharge tests are characterized by SEM, which exhibits a large number of dispersive particles with mean size about 150 nm.

62

Synthesis and Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles by Co-precipitation Method to Removal Procion Dye  

OpenAIRE

Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. The structure, morphology and magnetic properties of as-prepared were characterized by X Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X Ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The result of XRD characterization was indicated Fe3O4 as the product. SEM and TEM image of the Fe3O4 showed nanoparticles Fe3O4 have the mean...

Poedji Loekitowati Hariani; Muhammad Faizal; Ridwan; Marsi; Dedi Setiabudidaya

2013-01-01

63

Functionalization-induced improvement in magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4 were synthesized nanoparticles by thermal decomposition method with oleic acid as the surfactant, and to make them suitable for aqueous environments, dopamine ligand exchange was carried out on the particles. The nanoparticle size and phase was quantified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. Superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry confirmed superparamagnetic behavior in both nanoparticles. A surprising and significant increase in the remanence MR, saturation magnetization MS, and blocking temperature TB of the particles was found after dopamine functionalization, even though TEM and XRD studies revealed no change in the particles' size and/or structure. The results are consistent with an increase in the magnetic size of the nanoparticle core induced by the dopamine ligand exchange process. These effects are tentatively attributed to surface bonding effects that alter the canted magnetic state of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

Nagesha, Dattatri K.; Plouffe, Brian D.; Phan, Minh; Lewis, Laura H.; Sridhar, Srinivas; Murthy, Shashi K.

2009-04-01

64

A facile strategy to synthesize monodisperse superparamagnetic OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with PEG assistant  

Science.gov (United States)

A facile strategy was reported to synthesize monodisperse super-paramagnetic oleic acid (OA) modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which the poly ethylene glycol (PEG) was used as the assistant. The influence of the molecular weight and concentration of PEG was investigated in the process of OA-modification. In addition, the mechanism of PEG action in the reaction system was discussed. The morphology and properties of the as-synthesized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The size (12 nm) of the as-prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles is smaller than the superparamagnetic critical size (25 nm) of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which endows the OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with superparamagnetic property. Furthermore, the dispersibility and stability of as-synthesized OA-modified Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were very good. As the stabilizer and dispersant, PEG played a very important role and did not encapsulate the OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The condition for OA-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles preparation was optimized.

Sun, Minmin; Zhu, Aimei; Zhang, Qiugen; Liu, Qinglin

2014-11-01

65

Infiltration of Fe3O4-nanoparticles into porous silicon with respect to magnetic interactions  

Science.gov (United States)

Mesoporous silicon (PS) is used as matrix for infiltration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (5 and 8 nm). The structure and magnetic behaviour of such composites are investigated and a correlation between the morphology of the nanocomposite (structure of the matrices, size and distribution of Fe3O4 particles) and the magnetic properties of the system is figured out. This system shows a superparamagnetic (SPM) behaviour at room temperature and becomes ferromagnetic (FM) at lower temperatures. The transition temperature between SPM and a blocked state depends on the particle size, their coating and on their magnetic interactions. Dipolar coupling between the particles can be influenced by varying the PS morphology as well as by the filling factor. The blocking temperature (TB) of the composite is tuneable and changes due to the variation of dipolar coupling of the Fe3O4-particles (distance between particles). Results gained from electron microscopy and tomography, respectively such as size and spatial distribution of the particles together with the magnetic data lead to a more detailed knowledge of the Fe3O4/silicon nanocomposite system.

Granitzer, P.; Rumpf, K.; Reissner, M.; Hilscher, G.; Morales, M. P.; Poelt, P.; Uusimäki, T.; Sezen, M.; Albu, M.

2011-10-01

66

One-step hydrothermal synthesis of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles immobilized on polyamide fabric  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A thin film of nanosized Fe3O4 particles prepared by hydrothermal method was immobilized on the surface of polyamide 6 fiber using ferric trichloride and ferrous chloride as the precursor, N,N-dimethyl formamide as the swelling agent and sodium dodecyl sulfate as the dispersant agent. The morphology, crystalline phase, thermal stability, magnetization properties and chemical structure of polyamide 6 fabric before and after treatments were characterized by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The tensile properties and abrasion resistance were also measured. It was found that the inverse cubic spinel phase of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with an average size 50 nm were synthesized, and synchronously grafted onto polyamide fiber surface. As compared with the original fabric, the onset decomposition temperature of the Fe3O4-coated fabric decreased slightly. The saturation magnetization was measured to be 3.8 emu/g at temperature of 300 K. The tensile properties were enhanced to some extent mainly due to the fabric shrinkage. The abrasion resistance of the Fe3O4-coated fabric behaved well.

67

Characterization and immobilization of trypsin on tannic acid modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by co-precipitating Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) in an ammonia solution. Fe3O4 NPs functionalized with tannic acid were prepared. After functionalization process, trypsin enzyme was immobilized on these Fe3O4 NPs. The influence of pH, temperature, thermal stability, storage time stability and reusability on non-covalent immobilization was studied. The properties of Fe3O4 and its modified forms were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), UV-vis spectrometer (UV) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetization and zeta potential measurements. The immobilized enzyme was slightly more stable than the free enzyme at 45°C. According to the results, the activity of immobilized trypsin was preserved 55% at 45°C after 2h and 90% after 120 days storage. In addition, the activity of the immobilized trypsin was preserved 40% of its initial activity after eight times of successive reuse. PMID:25686792

Atacan, Keziban; Özacar, Mahmut

2015-04-01

68

Competing reactions of selected atmospheric gases on Fe3O4 nanoparticles surfaces.  

Science.gov (United States)

Heterogeneous reactions on atmospheric aerosol surfaces are increasingly considered important in understanding aerosol-cloud nucleation and climate change. To understand potential reactions in polluted atmospheres, the co-adsorption of NO2 and toluene to magnetite (Fe3O4i.e. FeO·Fe2O3) nanoparticles at ambient conditions was investigated for the first time. The surface area, size distribution, and morphology of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by BET method and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Adsorption isotherms, collected by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection, showed that the presence of NO2 decreased the adsorption of toluene. The analyses of the surface chemical composition of Fe3O4 by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) reveal that, upon the addition of NO2, the surface is oxidized and a contribution at 532.5 ± 0.4 eV in the O1s spectrum appears, showing that NO2 likely competes with toluene by dissociating on Fe(2+) sites and forming NO3(-). Different competing effects were observed for oxidized Fe3O4; oxidation occurred when exposed solely to NO2, whereas, the mixture of toluene and NO2 resulted in a reduction of the surface i.e. increased Fe(2+)/Fe(3+). Analyses by time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry further suggest toluene reacts with Fe(3+) sites forming oxygenated organics. Our results indicate that on reduced magnetite, NO2 is more reactive and competes with toluene; in contrast, on oxidized Fe3O4, toluene is more reactive. Because magnetite can assume a range of oxidation ratios in the environment, different competing interactions between pollutants like NO2 and toluene could influence atmospheric processes, namely, the formation of Fe(2+) and the formation of atmospheric oxidants. PMID:25247461

Eltouny, N; Ariya, Parisa A

2014-11-14

69

Simple solvothermal synthesis of hydrophobic magnetic monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Graphical abstract: A facile method to produce monodispersed magnetite nanoparticles is based on the solvothermal reaction of iron acetylacetonate (Fe(acac)3) decomposition. The sizes ranged from 7 to 12 nm, which could be controlled by adjusting the volume ratio of oleylamine to n-hexane. Display Omitted Highlights: ? The solvethermal reaction of Fe(acac)3 decomposition was carried out at mild temperature in the presence of oleylamine and n-hexane. ? The size of nanocrystals is controlled by adjusting the volume ratio of oleylamine to n-hexane. ? The low-boiling-point solvent n-hexane offered autogenous pressure parameter after gasified in the reaction temperature. ? The as prepared hydrophobic monodisperse Fe3O4 NPs can be used to prepare the magnetic micelles for future biomedical applications. -- Abstract: A new solvothermal method is proposed for the preparation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) from iron acetylacetonate in the presence of oleylamine and n-hexane. The products are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry/differential thermogravimetry (TG/DTG) analysis, and vibrating sample magnetometery. The new procedure yields superparamagnetic monodispersed Fe3O4 particles with sizes ranging from 7 nm to 12 nm. The nanocrystal sizes are controlled by adjusting the volume ratio of oleylamine to n-hexane. IR and TG/DTG analyses indicate that the oleylamine molecules, as stabilizers, are adsorbed on the surface of Fe3O4 NPs as bilayer adsorption models. The surface adsorption quantities of oleylamine on 7.5 and 10.4 nm-diameter Fe3O4 NPs are 18% and 11%, respectively. The hydrophobic surface of the obtained nanocrystals is passivated by adsorbed organic solvent molecules. These molecules provide stability against agglomeration, enable solubility in nonpolar solvents, and allow the formation of magnetic polymer micelles.

70

Magnetic study of Fe3O4 nanoparticles incorporated within mesoporous silicon  

OpenAIRE

Porous silicon PS matrices with oriented, separated pores grown perpendicular to the surface are used as a template for the incorporation of magnetite nanoparticles. The Fe3O4 particles used for infiltration into the PS template are coated with oleic acid in a hexane solution and exhibit an average diameter of 8 1.5 nm. The narrow size distribution and the superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature are interesting features of these nanoparticles. In addition, the use of PS as...

Venkatesan, Munuswamy

2010-01-01

71

Aloe vera plant-extracted solution hydrothermal synthesis and magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method using ferric acetylacetonate (Fe(C5H8O2)3) and aloe vera plant-extracted solution. The influences of different reaction temperatures and times on the structure and magnetic properties of the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles were investigated. The synthesized nanoparticles are crystalline and have particle sizes of ˜6-30 nm, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), High resolution TEM (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) indicate that the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles have the inverse cubic spinel structure without the presence of any other phase impurities. The hysteresis loops of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles at room temperature show superparamagnetic behavior and the saturation magnetization of the Fe3O4 samples increases with increasing reaction temperature and time.

Phumying, Santi; Labuayai, Sarawuth; Thomas, Chunpen; Amornkitbamrung, Vittaya; Swatsitang, Ekaphan; Maensiri, Santi

2013-06-01

72

Facile synthesis and paramagnetic properties of Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

The Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) had been successfully fabricated via direct decomposition of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in solution under the presence of as-synthesized Fe3O4 NPs prepared by chemical coprecipitation method. The structure and magnetic properties of Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs were characterized and the result indicated that Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs are about 12 nm in size with paramagnetic property. The possible growth and magnetic mechanism was discussed in detail.

Yang, Lili; Zou, Ping; Cao, Jian; Sun, Yunfei; Han, Donglai; Yang, Shuo; Chen, Gang; Kong, Xiangwang; Yang, Jinghai

2014-12-01

73

Alcohol dependent production of Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Commonly available alcohols of varying lengths and degree of branching were used to synthesize iron oxide, Fe3O4, and cobalt iron oxide, CoFe2O4, nanoparticles by means of a simple solvothermal decomposition of iron (III) acetylacetonates and cobalt (II) acetylacetonates. Depending on the solvent employed resulting Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles ranged in size from approximately 5-16 nm and approximately 4-8 nm, respectively. All alcohols utilized resulted in the formation of nanoparticles with a spinel crystal structure, with the exception of methanol. Use of tert-butanol and phenol resulted in nearly spherical agglomerations of individual nanoparticles ranging between 100-250 nm. The resulting structures and morphologies of all samples were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. Mass specific moments are reported based on SQUID magnetometry, and ranged from 57.5(5)-76.4(3) emu/g for Fe3O4 and 47.7(7)-67.0(4) emu/g CoFe2O4. PMID:23862521

Yocum, Brandon J; Ekiert, Thomas F; Alexander, Max D; O'Malley, Matthew J

2013-06-01

74

Controlled synthesis and self-assembly of dendrite patterns of Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A method for the growth and self-assembly of Fe3O4 nanoparticles that is template assisted, as well as gas diffusion and surface tension controlled, has been developed at room temperature. Well-defined dendrite patterns of Fe3O4 nanoparticles were obtained upon ion (Fe3+/Fe2+) entrapment in a polyethylene glycol solution followed by NH3 gas exposure on the surface of an aqueous solution on the glass substrate. During the formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, the diffusion of volatile NH3 limits the hydrolysis rate of the molecular precursor and catalyzes slow formation. The template and surface tension also provided significant driving forces to promote the formation of dendrite patterns and influence the nature of the pattern. The Fe3+/Fe2+ concentration was varied in order to see the affects on the template molecular weight. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and SQUID measurements were used to characterize the final product. The derived patterned structure can be tailored by a simple combination of the physical and chemical procedure, which provides a new opportunity for obtaining a controllable pattern of nanoparticles.

75

Size dependent magnetic properties of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetism of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was studied as a function of the particle size. Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different size from 3 nm to 10 nm were synthesized by high temperature organic solution phase method. Hysteresis loops of all the particles showed superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature. The blocking temperature (TB) decreases with decreasing particle size. All hysteresis loops were fitted by the Langevin's function, where the saturation magnetization (Ms) was extracted. Ms was further deduced by using the saturated moment and accurately measured mass of the particles. The two methods agree with each other excellently. Ms decreases as the particle size is decreased, and is in general much smaller than that of bulk. Ms shows a sharp drop with increasing temperature at low temperatures and deviates from the T^3/2-law. This behavior is attributed to competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions which contribute differently at the surface and interior of the particles.

Jang, Seongjin; Delikanli, Savas; Zeng, Hao

2008-03-01

76

Morphology and magnetic flux distribution in superparamagnetic, single-crystalline Fe3O4 nanoparticle rings  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports on the correlation between crystal orientation and magnetic flux distribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the form of self-assembled rings. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the nanoparticles were single-crystalline, highly monodispersed, (25 nm average diameter), and showed no appreciable lattice imperfections such as twins or stacking faults. Electron holography studies of these superparamagnetic nanoparticle rings indicated significant fluctuations in the magnetic flux lines, consistent with variations in the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the nanoparticles. The observations provide useful information for a deeper understanding of the micromagnetics of ultrasmall nanoparticles, where the magnetic dipolar interaction competes with the magnetic anisotropy.

Takeno, Yumu; Murakami, Yasukazu; Sato, Takeshi; Tanigaki, Toshiaki; Park, Hyun Soon; Shindo, Daisuke; Ferguson, R. Matthew; Krishnan, Kannan M.

2014-11-01

77

Morphology and magnetic flux distribution in superparamagnetic, single-crystalline Fe3O4 nanoparticle rings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study reports on the correlation between crystal orientation and magnetic flux distribution of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the form of self-assembled rings. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the nanoparticles were single-crystalline, highly monodispersed, (25?nm average diameter), and showed no appreciable lattice imperfections such as twins or stacking faults. Electron holography studies of these superparamagnetic nanoparticle rings indicated significant fluctuations in the magnetic flux lines, consistent with variations in the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the nanoparticles. The observations provide useful information for a deeper understanding of the micromagnetics of ultrasmall nanoparticles, where the magnetic dipolar interaction competes with the magnetic anisotropy.

78

Biocompatibility of Fe3O4@Au composite magnetic nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Yuntao Li1,2, Jing Liu1, Yuejiao Zhong3, Jia Zhang1, Ziyu Wang1, Li Wang1, Yanli An1, Mei Lin1, Zhiqiang Gao2, Dongsheng Zhang11School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China; 2Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China; 3Jiangsu Cancer Hospital and Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of ChinaPurpose: This research was conducted to assess the biocompatibility of the core-shell Fe3O4@Au composite magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs, which have potential application in tumor hyperthermia. Methods: Fe3O4@Au composite MNPs with core-shell structure were synthesized by reduction of Au3+ in the presence of Fe3O4-MNPs prepared by improved co-precipitation. Cytotoxicity assay, hemolysis test, micronucleus (MN assay, and detection of acute toxicity in mice and beagle dogs were then carried out.Results: The result of cytotoxicity assay showed that the toxicity grade of this material on mouse fibroblast cell line (L-929 was classified as grade 1, which belongs to no cytotoxicity. Hemolysis rates showed 0.278%, 0.232%, and 0.197%, far less than 5%, after treatment with different concentrations of Fe3O4@Au composite MNPs. In the MN assay, there was no significant difference in MN formation rates between the experimental groups and negative control (P > 0.05, but there was a significant difference between the experimental groups and the positive control (P < 0.05. The median lethal dose of the Fe3O4@Au composite MNPs after intraperitoneal administration in mice was 8.39 g/kg, and the 95% confidence interval was 6.58-10.72 g/kg, suggesting that these nanoparticles have a wide safety margin. Acute toxicity testing in beagle dogs also showed no significant difference in body weight between the treatment groups at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after liver injection and no behavioral changes. Furthermore, blood parameters, autopsy, and histopathological studies in the experimental group showed no significant difference compared with the control group.Conclusion: The results indicate that Fe3O4@Au composite MNPs appear to be highly biocompatible and safe nanoparticles that are suitable for further application in tumor hyperthermia. Keywords: toxicity, hyperthermia, core-shell

Li Y

2011-11-01

79

Spin Disorder and Magnetic Anisotropy in Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

We have studied the magnetic behavior of dextran-coated magnetite (Fe$_3$O$_4$) nanoparticles with median particle size $\\left=8$ $nm$. Magnetization curves and in-field M\\"ossbauer spectroscopy measurements showed that the magnetic moment $M_S$ of the particles was much smaller than the bulk material. However, we found no evidence of magnetic irreversibility or non-saturating behavior at high fields, usually associated to spin canting. The values of magnetic anisotropy $K_{...

Lima Jr, E.; Brandl, A. L.; Arelaro, A. D.; Goya, G. F.

2005-01-01

80

Observation of superspin-glass behavior in Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

The aging and memory effects of Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ nanoparticles have been studied using a series of zero-field cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) magnetization measurements at various aging protocols. The genuine ZFC magnetization after the ZFC procedure with a single stop and wait process shows an aging dip at the stop temperature on reheating. The depth of the aging dip is dependent on the wait time. The frequency dependence of the AC magnetic susceptibility is indicative of...

Suzuki, Masatsugu; Fullem, Sharbani I.; Suzuki, Itsuko S.; Wang, Lingyan; Zhong, Chuan-jian

2006-01-01

81

Magnetodielectric study in SiO2-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticle compacts  

OpenAIRE

The dielectric properties of Fe$_{3}$O$_{4}$ magnetic nanoparticles with an insulating coating layer of SiO$_{2}$ were investigated. At high temperatures, the changes of the dielectric constant and loss induced by the magnetic field are opposite in sign and strongly frequency-dependent, which originates from extrinsic magnetodielectric coupling-the Maxwell-Wagner effect combined with magnetoresistance. And the interface defects leads to the obvious hysteresis phenomena obser...

Chang, C. -c; Zhao, L.; Wu, M. -k

2011-01-01

82

Fe3O4 nanoparticles and nanocomposites with potential application in biomedicine and in communication technologies: Nanoparticle aggregation, interaction, and effective magnetic anisotropy  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetite nanoparticles with a size of 5-6 nm with potential impact on biomedicine and information/communication technologies were synthesized by thermal decomposition of Fe(acac)3 and subsequently coated with a silica shell exploiting a water-in-oil synthetic procedure. The as-produced powders (comprised of either Fe3O4 or Fe3O4@silica nanoparticles) were mixed with a photocurable resin obtaining two magnetic nanocomposites with the same nominal amount of magnetic material. The static magnetic properties of the two nanopowders and the corresponding nanocomposites were measured in the 10 K-300 K temperature range. Magnetic measurements are shown here to be able to give unambiguous information on single-particle properties such as particle size and magnetic anisotropy as well as on nanoparticle aggregation and interparticle interaction. A comparison between the size distribution functions obtained from magnetic measurements and from TEM images shows that figures estimated from properly analyzed magnetic measurements are very close to the actual values. In addition, the present analysis allows us to determine the value of the effective magnetic anisotropy and to estimate the anisotropy contribution from the surface. The Field-cooled/zero field cooled curves reveal a high degree of particle aggregation in the Fe3O4 nanopowder, which is partially reduced by silica coating and strongly decreased by dissolution in the host polymer. In all considered materials, the nanoparticles are magnetically interacting, the interaction strength being a function of nanoparticle environment and being the lowest in the nanocomposite containing bare, well-separate Fe3O4 particles. All samples behave as interacting superparamagnetic materials instead of ideal superparamagnets and follow the corresponding scaling law.

Allia, P.; Barrera, G.; Tiberto, P.; Nardi, T.; Leterrier, Y.; Sangermano, M.

2014-09-01

83

Characterization of ferrogels prepared using ?-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we compare the characteristics of ferrogels prepared using ?-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles with ~ 20 nm diameter were distributed in N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) gel prepared using N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS), ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED). Particle distribution and agglomeration characteristics of the prepared ferrogels were investigated using ultra small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ferrogel samples prepared using Fe3O4 and ?-Fe2O3 particles have similar particle distribution. The ferrogels, prepared with ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, however, demonstrate significantly different agglomeration characteristics compared to the ferrogels prepared using Fe3O4. In both systems, the agglomerated particles appear to be spherical, with few of those indicating chain like structures. Based on the particle concentration and sizes, the DC SQUID magnetometry data of these samples showed the magnetic moments range between 0.9 to 2.5 emu/g. Details of our results and analysis are presented.

Suthar, Kamlesh J.; Ghantasala, Muralidhar K.; Mancini, Derrick C.; Ilavsky, Jan

2009-03-01

84

Folate-conjugated luminescent Fe3O4 nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia  

Science.gov (United States)

We demonstrate a facile approach for the synthesis of folate-conjugated luminescent iron oxide nanoparticles (FLIONs). XRD and TEM analyses reveal the formation of highly crystalline single-phase Fe3O4 nanoparticles of size about 10 nm. The conjugation of folate receptor (folic acid, FA) and luminescent molecule (fluorescein isothiocyanate, FITC) onto the surface of nanoparticles was evident from FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopy. These FLIONs show good colloidal stability, high magnetic field responsivity and excellent self-heating efficacy. Specifically, a new class of magnetic nanoparticles has been fabricated, which can be used as an effective heating source for hyperthermia.

Barick, K. C.; Rana, Suman; Hassan, P. A.

2014-04-01

85

Study on electric field induced structural color change of Fe3O4@C hybrid nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

The photonic properties of Fe3O4@C and Fe3O4 colloidal suspensions in an external electric field have been investigated. Compared to Fe3O4, the Fe3O4@C colloidal suspension has been found to have a wider tunability range of the optical spectrum and a stronger electric response in low electric fields. Based on the dielectric spectroscopy analysis of Fe3O4@C and Fe3O4 colloidal suspensions, a dielectric loss model has been proposed to explain the significant effect of the carbon shell on the electrically modulated photonic property of the Fe3O4@C suspension.

Zhang, Jianfei; Sun, Aihua; Qiao, Xuanxuan; Chu, Chengyi; Wang, Chongyang; Chen, Tao; Guo, Jianjun; Xu, Gaojie

2014-12-01

86

Spin Disorder and Magnetic Anisotropy in Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

CERN Document Server

We have studied the magnetic behavior of dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with median particle size = 8 nm. The magnetic anisotropy Ea of the particles was calculated from magnetization and ac susceptibility data. The resulting values correspond to the magnetocrystalline contribution of the high-temperature cubic phase with easy magnetic direction [111], without any additional contributions from particle surface, shape or exchange origin. The resulting values are incompatible with the uniaxial anisotropy of the low-temperature crystal structure of Fe3O4, suggesting that the high-temperature cubic structure is preserved below the Verwey transition in nanometric particles. Accordingly, fully oriented particles showed a continuous decrease of the M(T) curves, without discontinuities at TV . The thermal dependence of the hyperfine field B_hyp(T) was fitted by a simple model of collective magnetic excitations to calculate the single-particle magnetic anisotropy energy Ea. The resulting values give further suppo...

Lima, E; Arelaro, A D; Goya, G F

2006-01-01

87

Linear birefringence and dichroism measurement in oil-based Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To prepare dispersed Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), we adopt a co-precipitation method and consider surfactant amount, stirring speed, dispersion mode, and molar ratio of Fe3+/Fe2+. Via transmission electronic microscopy and X-ray diffractometry, we characterize the dispersibility and size of the products and determine the appropriate values of experimental parameters. The stirring speed is 1000 rpm in titration. There is simultaneous ultrasonic vibration and mechanical stirring in the titration and surface coating processes. The surfactant amount of oleic acid is 1.2 ml for molar ratios of Fe3+/Fe2+ as 1.7:1, 1.8:1, and 1.9:1. The average diameters of these Fe3O4 MNPs are 11 nm, and the ratios of saturation magnetization for these MNPs to that of bulk magnetite range from 45% to 65%, with remanent magnetization close to zero and low coercivity. Above all, the linear birefringence and dichroism measurements of the kerosene-based ferrofluid (FF) samples are investigated by a Stokes polarimeter. The influences of particle size distribution and magnetization in the birefringence and dichroism measurements of FFs are discussed. - Highlights: ? Dispersed Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are produced by a co-precipitation method. ? Simultaneous ultrasonic vibration and mechanical stirring are used in titration and coating. ? Diameters of Fe3O4 MNPs are determined as 11 nm with maximum magnetization as 54.27 emu/g. ? Birefringence and dichroism of ferrofluids are obtained by a Stokes polarimeter successfully

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Umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles: Antiproliferation evaluation on human Fibrosarcoma cell line (HT-1080)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The potential applications of Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) in nanomedicine as drug delivery systems are well known. In this study we prepared umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 MNPs and evaluated the antiproliferative effect of combination in vitro. After synthesis of Fe3O4 MNPs, particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy techniques. The natural candidate compound - umbelliprenin- was isolated and identified and umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 MNPs were prepared, using precipitation method. The surface chemistry of umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 MNPs as well as their thermal decomposition characteristics was examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Thermogravimetric Analyzer equipment, respectively. HT-1080 cells were cultured until the logarithmic phase of growth, and MTT assay was successfully carried out to evaluate the possible cytotoxic effects of umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 MNPs in viable cells in vitro. The results demonstrated that umbelliprenin has moderate antiproliferative effects with IC50 value of 50 ?g/mL. However, the combination of umbelliprenin and Fe3O4 MNPs showed the IC50 value of 9 ?g/mL. In other words, cell proliferation decreased to the remarkably-low proportion of 45% aftehe remarkably-low proportion of 45% after treating cells with umbelliprenin-coated Fe3O4 MNPs. This suggests that with the aid of nanoparticles as carriers, natural products may have even broader range of medical applications in future.

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Preparation and characterization of PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an MRI contrast agent  

Science.gov (United States)

Polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVPI)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by using inverse chemical co-precipitation method, in which the PVPI serves as a stabilizer and dispersant. The wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) results showed that the inverse spinel structure pure phase polycrystalline Fe3O4 was obtained. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results exhibited that the resulted Fe3O4 nanoparticles were roughly spherical in shape with narrow size distribution and homogenous shape. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results suggested that PVPI interacted with Fe3O4 via its carbonyl groups. Results of superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) indicated prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibited superparamagnetic behavior and high saturation magnetization. T2-weighted MRI images of PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles showed that the magnetic resonance signal was enhanced significantly with increasing nanoparticles concentration in water at room temperature. These results indicated that the PVPI-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles had great potential for application in MRI as a T2 contrast agent.

Wang, Guangshuo; Chang, Ying; Wang, Ling; Wei, Zhiyong; Kang, Jianyun; Sang, Lin; Dong, Xufeng; Chen, Guangyi; Wang, Hong; Qi, Min

2013-08-01

90

Experimental studies of strong dipolar interparticle interaction in monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Interparticle interaction of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles has been experimentally investigated by dispersing the nanoparticles in solvents. With increasing the interparticle distances to larger than 100nm in a controlled manner, the authors found that the blocking temperature (TB) of the nanoparticles drops continuously and eventually gets saturated with a total drop in TB of 7-17K observed for 3, 5, and 7nm samples, compared with their respective nanopowder samples. By carefully studying the dependence of TB on the interparticle distance, the authors could demonstrate that the experimental dependence of TB follows the theoretical curve of the dipole-dipole interaction.

Bae, Che Jin; Angappane, S.; Park, J.-G.; Lee, Youjin; Lee, Jinwoo; An, Kwangjin; Hyeon, Taeghwan

2007-09-01

91

Preparation and properties of bio-compatible magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work, we study the preparation and properties of bio-compatible magnetic nanoparticles for immunoassay and DNA detection. The magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were prepared by a chemical co-precipitation method and dextran was selected as the surfactant to suspend the nanoparticles. Suspended particles associated with avidin followed by biotin were qualitatively analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. We found further the ethylenediamine blocked activated residual groups efficiently, hence enhancing the attachment of biotin for probing the avidin

92

Preparation and properties of bio-compatible magnetic Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work, we study the preparation and properties of bio-compatible magnetic nanoparticles for immunoassay and DNA detection. The magnetite (Fe 3O 4) nanoparticles were prepared by a chemical co-precipitation method and dextran was selected as the surfactant to suspend the nanoparticles. Suspended particles associated with avidin followed by biotin were qualitatively analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. We found further the ethylenediamine blocked activated residual groups efficiently, hence enhancing the attachment of biotin for probing the avidin.

Chan, H. T.; Do, Y. Y.; Huang, P. L.; Chien, P. L.; Chan, T. S.; Liu, R. S.; Huang, C. Y.; Yang, S. Y.; Horng, H. E.

2006-09-01

93

Preparation of multi-functionalized Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles for medical purposes.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work, we investigate a route towards the synthesis of multi-functionalized nanoparticles for medical purposes. The aim is to produce magnetite/gold (Fe3O4/Au) nanoparticles combining several complementary properties, specifically, being able to carry simultaneously an antitumor drug and a selected antibody chosen so as to improve specificity of the drug vehicle. The procedure included, firstly, the preparation of Fe3O4 cores coated with Au nanoparticles: this was achieved by using initially the layer-by-layer technique in order to coat the magnetite particles with a three polyelectrolyte (cationic-anionic-cationic) layer. With this, the particles became a good substrate for the growth of the gold layer in a well-defined core-shell structure. The resulting nanoparticles benefit from the magnetic properties of the magnetite and the robust chemistry and the biostability of gold surfaces. Subsequently, the Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles were functionalized with a humanized monoclonal antibody, bevacizumab, and a chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin. Taken together, bevacizumab enhances the therapeutic effect of chemotherapy agents on some kinds of tumors. In this work we first discuss the morphology of the particles and the electrical characteristics of their surface in the successive synthesis stages. Special attention is paid to the chemical stability of the final coating, and the physical stability of the suspensions of the nanoparticles in aqueous solutions and phosphate buffer. We describe how optical absorbance and electrokinetic data provide a follow up of the progress of the nanostructure formation. Additionally, the same techniques are employed to demonstrate that the composite nanoparticles are capable of loading/releasing doxorubicin and/or bevacizumab. PMID:25710633

Ramos-Tejada, María Del Mar; Viota, Julian L; Rudzka, Katarzyna; Delgado, Angel V

2015-04-01

94

Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with perspectives in biomedical applications  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Nowadays the use of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) in medical applications has exceeded expectations. In molecular imaging, MNP based on iron oxide coated with appropriated materials have several applications in vitro and in vivo studies. For applications in nanobiotechnology these MNP must present so [...] me characteristics such as size smaller than 100 nanometers, high magnetization values, among others. Therefore the MNP have physical and chemical properties that are specific to certain studies which must be characterized for quality control of the nanostructured material. This study presents the synthesis and characterization of MNP of magnetite (Fe3O4) dispersible in water with perspectives in a wide range of biomedical applications. The characterization of the colloidal suspension based on MNP stated that the average diameter is (12.6±0.2) nm determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy where the MNP have the crystalline phase of magnetite (Fe3O4) that was identified by Diffraction X-ray and confirmed by Mössbauer Spectroscopy. The blocking temperature of (89±1) K, Fe3O4 MNP property, was determined from magnetic measurements based on the Zero Field Cooled and Field Cooled methods. The hysteresis loops were measured at different temperatures below and above blocking temperature. The magnetometry determined that the MNP showed superparamagnetic behavior confirmed by ferromagnetic resonance.

Javier Bustamante, Mamani; Lionel Fernel, Gamarra; Giancarlo Espósito de Souza, Brito.

2014-06-01

95

Electrostatic self-assembly of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)-based magnetic nanocomposites can find numerous applications in nanotechnology, integrated functional system, and in medicine owing to their great potentialities. Herein, densely distributed magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were successfully attached onto the convex surfaces of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by an in situ polyol-medium solvothermal method via non-covalent functionalization of CNTs with cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), and anionic polyelectrolyte, poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS), through the polymer-wrapping technique, in which the negatively charged PSS-grafted CNTs can be used as primer for efficiently adsorption of positively metal ions on the basis of electrostatic attraction. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis have been used to study the formation of Fe3O4/CNTs. The Fe3O4/CNTs nanocomposites were proved to be superparamagnetic with saturation magnetization of 43.5 emu g-1. A mechanism scheme was proposed to illustrate the formation process of the magnetic nanocomposites.

96

Synthesis and Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles by Co-precipitation Method to Removal Procion Dye  

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Full Text Available Fe3O4 (magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. The structure, morphology and magnetic properties of as-prepared were characterized by X Ray Diffraction (XRD, Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X Ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS, Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM. The result of XRD characterization was indicated Fe3O4 as the product. SEM and TEM image of the Fe3O4 showed nanoparticles Fe3O4 have the mean diameter 5-20 nm. The EDS spectra showed strong peaks of Fe and O. Magnetic characteristic of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was indicated super paramagnetic properties. The saturation magnetic was 89.46 emu g-1. Therefore, the nanoparticles Fe3O4 is suitable to remove dye in the water by a simple magnetic separation process. The optimum adsorption occurred at initial concentration of procion dye 100 mg L-1, pH solution 6, dosage of Fe3O4 0.8 g L-1 and contact time 30 minutes under room temperature with color removal 24.40 % and adsorption capacity was 30.503 mg g-1.

Poedji Loekitowati Hariani

2013-06-01

97

Functionalized Fe3O4@Au superparamagnetic nanoparticles: in vitro bioactivity  

Science.gov (United States)

The interaction of nanoparticles with cells has been a focus of interest during the past decade. We report the fabrication and characterization of hydrosoluble Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles functionalized with biocompatible and fluorescent molecules and their interaction with cell cultures by visualizing them with confocal microscopy. Gold covered iron oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing metal salts in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid. The functionalization of these particles with an amphiphilic polymer provides a water soluble corona as well as the possibility to incorporate different molecules relevant for bio-applications such as poly(ethylene glycol), glucose or a cadaverine derived dye. The particle size, and the presence of polymer layers and conjugated molecules were characterized and confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric measurements and infrared spectroscopy. A complete magnetic study was performed, showing that gold provides an optimum coating, which enhances the superparamagnetic behaviour observed above 10-15 K in this kind of nanoparticle. The interaction with cells and the cytotoxicity of the Fe3O4@Au preparations were determined upon incubation with the HeLa cell line. These nanoparticles showed no cytotoxicity when evaluated by the MTT assay and it was demonstrated that nanoparticles clearly interacted with the cells, showing a higher level of accumulation in the cells for glucose conjugated nanoparticles.

Salado, J.; Insausti, M.; Lezama, L.; Gil de Muro, I.; Moros, M.; Pelaz, B.; Grazu, V.; de la Fuente, J. M.; Rojo, T.

2012-08-01

98

Preparation of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coated with gallic acid for drug delivery  

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Full Text Available Dena Dorniani,1 Mohd Zobir Bin Hussein,1,2 Aminu Umar Kura,3 Sharida Fakurazi,3 Abdul Halim Shaari,4 Zalinah Ahmad51Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, 2Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, 3Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics Laboratory, 4Physics Department, Faculty of Science, 5Chemical Pathology Unit, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, MalaysiaBackground and methods: Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were prepared using a sonochemical method under atmospheric conditions at a Fe2+ to Fe3+ molar ratio of 1:2. The iron oxide nanoparticles were subsequently coated with chitosan and gallic acid to produce a core-shell structure.Results: X-ray diffraction demonstrated that the magnetic nanoparticles were pure Fe3O4 with a cubic inverse spinel structure. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were of spherical shape with a mean diameter of 11 nm, compared with 13 nm for the iron oxide-chitosan-gallic acid (FCG nanocarriers.Conclusion: The magnetic nanocarrier enhanced the thermal stability of the drug, gallic acid. Release of the active drug from the FCG nanocarrier was found to occur in a controlled manner. The gallic acid and FCG nanoparticles were not toxic in a normal human fibroblast (3T3 line, and anticancer activity was higher in HT29 than MCF7 cell lines.Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, chitosan, superparamagnetic, controlled-release, gallic acid, drug delivery

Dorniani D

2012-11-01

99

Gum arabic modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles cross linked with collagen for isolation of bacteria  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles are important class of materials in the field of nanobiotechnology, as it is an emerging area of research for material science and molecular biology researchers. One of the various methods to obtain multifunctional nanomaterials, molecular functionalization by attaching organic functional groups to nanomagnetic materials is an important technique. Recently, functionalized magnetic nanoparticles have been demonstrated to be useful in isolation/detection of dangerous pathogens (bacteria/viruses for human life. Iron (Fe based material especially FePt is used in the isolation of ultralow concentrations (2 cfu/ml of bacteria in less time and it has been demonstrated that van-FePt may be used as an alternative fast detection technique with respect to conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR method. However, still further improved demonstrations are necessary with interest to biocompatibility and green chemistry. Herein, we report the synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by template medication and its application for the detection/isolation of S. aureus bacteria. Results The reduction of anhydrous Iron chloride (FeCl3 in presence of sodium borohydride and water soluble polyelectrolyte (polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride, PDADMAC produces black precipitates. The X-ray diffraction (XRD, XPS and TEM analysis of the precipitates dried at 373 K demonstrated the formation of nanocrystalline Fe3O4. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy (SEM showed isolated staphylococcous aureus (S. aureus bacteria at ultralow concentrations using collagen coated gum arabic modified iron oxide nanoparticles (CCGAMION. Conclusion We are able to synthesize nanocrystalline Fe3O4 and CCGAMION was able to isolate S. aureus bacteria at 8-10 cfu (colony forming units/ml within ~3 minutes.

Chittor Raghuraman

2010-12-01

100

Preparation of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coated with gallic acid for drug delivery  

Science.gov (United States)

Background and methods Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were prepared using a sonochemical method under atmospheric conditions at a Fe2+ to Fe3+ molar ratio of 1:2. The iron oxide nanoparticles were subsequently coated with chitosan and gallic acid to produce a core-shell structure. Results X-ray diffraction demonstrated that the magnetic nanoparticles were pure Fe3O4 with a cubic inverse spinel structure. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were of spherical shape with a mean diameter of 11 nm, compared with 13 nm for the iron oxide-chitosan-gallic acid (FCG) nanocarriers. Conclusion The magnetic nanocarrier enhanced the thermal stability of the drug, gallic acid. Release of the active drug from the FCG nanocarrier was found to occur in a controlled manner. The gallic acid and FCG nanoparticles were not toxic in a normal human fibroblast (3T3) line, and anticancer activity was higher in HT29 than MCF7 cell lines. PMID:23166439

Dorniani, Dena; Hussein, Mohd Zobir Bin; Kura, Aminu Umar; Fakurazi, Sharida; Shaari, Abdul Halim; Ahmad, Zalinah

2012-01-01

101

Preparation of stable magnetic nanofluids containing Fe3O4@PPy nanoparticles by a novel one-pot route  

OpenAIRE

Stable magnetic nanofluids containing Fe3O4@Polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by using a facile and novel method, in which one-pot route was used. FeCl3·6H2O was applied as the iron source, and the oxidizing agent to produce PPy. Trisodium citrate (Na3cit) was used as the reducing reagent to form Fe3O4 NPs. The as-prepared nanofluid can keep long-term stability. The Fe3O4@PPy NPs can still keep dispersing well after the nanofluid has been standing for 1 month and no sedimen...

Zhao, Baobao; Nan, Zhaodong

2011-01-01

102

Phospholipid-driven long-range ordering of Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

N-(1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl)-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTAP) lipid molecules were used to drive the self-assembly of pre-fabricated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (?10 nm in size) into a tightly packed hexagonal array by spin coating. In spite of the relatively wide particle size distribution of the pre-fabricated nanoparticles, the nanoparticles encapsulated by the DOTAP lipid molecules were self-assembled into a two-dimensional superlattice over a large area because the monolayer of DOTAP molecules attached to the particles surface provided the force necessary to anchor the nanoparticles on the substrate surface during spin coating as well as the force necessary to hold the particles together. It is expected that the proposed method can be easily scalable to an industrial process and be also adapted to different nanoparticle systems by appropriate selection of the encapsulating lipid molecules.

103

Fabrication of Docetaxel Surfaced Fe3O4 Magnetite Nanoparticles and their Cytotoxicity on 4 T1 Breast Cancer Cells  

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Full Text Available Background:In the recent years, there is an increasing attention to the using of Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs as drug delivery systems. Application of this nanoparticles could profit advantages of nanomedicine to enhance biological activity of pharmaceutical ingredients. Methods:Fe3O4 MNPs were synthesised by a chemical method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy techniques. In the next step, docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs were prepared, using percipitation method. The surface chemistry of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs as well as their thermal decomposition characteristics were examined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analyzer equipment, respectively. The cytotoxicity assay was conducted on 4 T1 breast cancer carsinoma by MTT assay to evaluate the possible in vitro antiproliferative effects of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs. Results:During precipitation process, docetaxel molecules were precipitated on the surface of Fe3O4 MNPs by the ratio of 3:100 w/w which indicates that each milligram of coated Fe3O4 MNPs averagely contained 30 mug pure docetaxel compound. Docetaxel showed aniproliferative effects against mentioned cell line. The higestest concentartion of docetaxel (80 mug/ml caused about 80% cell death. However, the results demostarted that much lower amounts of docetaxel will be needed in combination of Fe3O4 MNPs to produce the potent antiproliferative effect compared to docetaxel alone. Dose response cytotoxicity assay of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs against 4 T1 breast cancer cells showed that lower amount of docetaxel (0.6 mug/ml can exhibit higher cytotoxic effect against this cancer cell line (90% cell death.

MH Yazdi

2012-08-01

104

Fabrication of docetaxel surfaced Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles and their cytotoxicity on 4?T1 breast cancer cells  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the recent years, there is an increasing attention to the using of Fe3O4 magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs as drug delivery systems. Application of this nanoparticles could profit advantages of nanomedicine to enhance biological activity of pharmaceutical ingredients. Methods Fe3O4 MNPs were synthesised by a chemical method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy techniques. In the next step, docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs were prepared, using percipitation method. The surface chemistry of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs as well as their thermal decomposition characteristics were examined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analyzer equipment, respectively. The cytotoxicity assay was conducted on 4?T1 breast cancer carsinoma by MTT assay to evaluate the possible in vitro antiproliferative effects of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs. Results During precipitation process, docetaxel molecules were precipitated on the surface of Fe3O4 MNPs by the ratio of 3:100 w/w which indicates that each milligram of coated Fe3O4 MNPs averagely contained 30??g pure docetaxel compound. Docetaxel showed aniproliferative effects against mentioned cell line. The higestest concentartion of docetaxel (80??g/ml caused about 80% cell death. However, the results demostarted that much lower amounts of docetaxel will be needed in combination of Fe3O4 MNPs to produce the potent antiproliferative effect compared to docetaxel alone. Dose response cytotoxicity assay of docetaxel-coated Fe3O4 MNPs against 4?T1 breast cancer cells showed that lower amount of docetaxel (0.6??g/ml can exhibit higher cytotoxic effect against this cancer cell line (90% cell death.

Yazdi MH

2012-08-01

105

Interface composition between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and GaAs for spintronic applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent interest in spintronic applications has necessitated the study of magnetic materials in contact with semiconductor substrates; importantly, the structure and composition of these interfaces can influence both device functionality and the magnetic properties. Nanoscale ferromagnet/semiconductor structures are of particular interest. In this study, the interface structure between a monolayer of ferromagnetic magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and a GaAs substrate was studied using cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy techniques. It was found that a continuous amorphous oxide interface layer separates the nanoparticles from the GaAs substrate, and that iron diffused into the interface layer forming a compositional gradient. Electron energy-loss near-edge fine structures of the O K absorption edge revealed that the amorphous oxide is composed of ?-Fe2O3 directly underneath the Fe3O4 nanoparticles, followed by a solid solution of Ga2O3 and FeO and mostly Ga2O3 when approaching the buckled oxide/substrate interface. Real-space density functional theory calculations of the dynamical form factor confirmed the experimental observations. The implication of the findings on the optimization of these structures for spin injection is discussed.

Hihath, Sahar; Kiehl, Richard A.; Benthem, Klaus van

2014-08-01

106

Interface composition between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and GaAs for spintronic applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent interest in spintronic applications has necessitated the study of magnetic materials in contact with semiconductor substrates; importantly, the structure and composition of these interfaces can influence both device functionality and the magnetic properties. Nanoscale ferromagnet/semiconductor structures are of particular interest. In this study, the interface structure between a monolayer of ferromagnetic magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and a GaAs substrate was studied using cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy techniques. It was found that a continuous amorphous oxide interface layer separates the nanoparticles from the GaAs substrate, and that iron diffused into the interface layer forming a compositional gradient. Electron energy-loss near-edge fine structures of the O K absorption edge revealed that the amorphous oxide is composed of ?-Fe2O3 directly underneath the Fe3O4 nanoparticles, followed by a solid solution of Ga2O3 and FeO and mostly Ga2O3 when approaching the buckled oxide/substrate interface. Real-space density functional theory calculations of the dynamical form factor confirmed the experimental observations. The implication of the findings on the optimization of these structures for spin injection is discussed

107

Fe3O4/carbon hybrid nanoparticle electrodes for high-capacity electrochemical capacitors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4/carbon hybrid nanoparticles (FeCHNPs) were fabricated using dual-nozzle electrospraying, vapor deposition polymerization (VDP), and carbonization. FeOOH nanoneedles decorated with polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles (FePNPs) were fabricated by electrospraying pristine PPy mixed with FeCl3 solution, followed by heating stirring reaction. A PPy coating was then formed on the FeOOH nanoneedles through a VDP process. FeCHNPs were produced through carbonization of PPy and FeOOH phase transitions. These hybrid carbon nanoparticles (NPs) were used to build electrodes of electrochemical capacitors. The specific capacitance of the FeCHNPs was 455?F?g(-1), which is larger than that of pristine PPy NPs (105?F?g(-1)) or other hybrid PPy NPs. Furthermore, the FeCHNP-based capacitors exhibited better cycle stability during charge-discharge cycling than other hybrid NP capacitors. This is because the carbon layer on the Fe3 O4 surface formed a protective coating, preventing damage to the electrode materials during the charge-discharge processes. This fabrication technique is an effective approach for forming stable carbon/metal oxide nanostructures for energy storage applications. PMID:24706636

Lee, Jun Seop; Shin, Dong Hoon; Jun, Jaemoon; Lee, Choonghyeon; Jang, Jyongsik

2014-06-01

108

Water dispersible oleic acid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have proved their tremendous potential to be used for various biomedical applications. Oleic acid (OA) is widely used in ferrite nanoparticle synthesis because it can form a dense protective monolayer, thereby producing highly uniform and monodispersed particles. Capping agents such as oleic acid are often used because they form a protective monolayer, which is strongly bonded to the surface of nanoparticles. This is necessary for making monodisperse and highly uniform MNPs. Coating of Fe3O4 MNPs with OA makes the particles dispersible only in organic solvents and consequently limits their use for biomedical applications. Hence, in this work, the OA coated MNPs were again functionalized with chitosan (CS), in order to impart hydrophilicity on their surface. All the morphological, magnetic, colloidal and cytotoxic characteristics of the resulting core-shells were studied thoroughly. Their heating induction ability was studied to predict their possible use in hyperthermia therapy of cancer. Specific absorption rate was found to be increased than that of bare MNPs.

Shete, P. B.; Patil, R. M.; Tiwale, B. M.; Pawar, S. H.

2015-03-01

109

Alpha chymotrypsin coated clusters of Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biocatalysis in low water media  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Enzymes in low water containing non aqueous media are useful for organic synthesis. For example, hydrolases in such media can be used for synthetic purposes. Initial work in this area was carried out with lyophilized powders of enzymes. These were found to have poor activity. Drying (removing bulk water by precipitation turned out to be a better approach. As enzymes in such media are heterogeneous catalysts, spreading these precipitates over a large surface gave even better results. In this context, nanoparticles with their better surface to volume ratio provide obvious advantage. Magnetic nanoparticles have an added advantage of easy separation after the reaction. Keeping this in view, alpha chymotrypsin solution in water was precipitated over a stirred population of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in n-propanol. This led to alpha chymotrypsin activity coated over clusters of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. These preparations were found to have quite high transesterification activity in low water containing n-octane. Results Precipitation of alpha chymotrypsin over a stirred suspension of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (3.6 nm diameter led to the formation of enzyme coated clusters of nanoparticles (ECCNs. These clusters were also magnetic and their hydrodynamic diameter ranged from 1.2- 2.6 microns (as measured by dynamic light scattering. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, showed that these clusters had highly irregular shapes. Transesterification assay of various clusters in anhydrous n-octane led to optimization of concentration of nanoparticles in suspension during precipitation. Optimized design of enzyme coated magnetic clusters of nanoparticles (ECCN 3 showed the highest initial rate of 465 nmol min-1 mg-1protein which was about 9 times higher as compared to the simple precipitates with an initial rate of 52 nmol min-1 mg-1 protein. Circular Dichroism (CD(with a spinning cell accessory showed that secondary structure content of the alpha Chymotrypsin in ECCN 3 [15% ?-helix, 37% ?-sheet and 48% random coil] was identical to the simple precipitates of alpha chymotrypsin. Conclusion A strategy for obtaining a high activity preparation of alpha chymotrypsin for application in low water media is described. Such high activity biocatalysts are useful in organic synthesis.

Mukherjee Joyeeta

2012-11-01

110

Synthesis and magnetic properties of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

We report the high temperature reaction of iron acetylacetonate in phenyl ether in the presence of oleic acid and oleylamine that was used to synthesize monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction profile and high-angle annular dark-field images give evidence of self-assembled arrays with nanoparticle size of 4 nm. Magnetization versus temperature in the temperature range 2.5-160 K was measured in zero-field-cooled and field-cooled experiments and a blocking temperature Tb=20 K was obtained. Above Tb the nanoparticles show superparamagnetic behavior and the magnetization versus field for various temperature follows the Langevin function. M-H curves below Tb indicate the ferromagnetic behavior with Hc=60-400 Oe for temperature T=2.5-18.5 K.

Parvin, K.; Ma, J.; Ly, J.; Sun, X. C.; Nikles, D. E.; Sun, K.; Wang, L. M.

2004-06-01

111

Controlled release of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in encapsulated microbubbles to tumor cells via sonoporation and associated cellular bioeffects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles embedded in the shells of encapsulated microbubbles could be used therapeutically as in situ drug-delivery vehicles. Bioeffects on liver tumor cells SMMC-7721 due to the excitation of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles attached to microbubbles generated by ultrasound (US) are studied in an in vitro setting. The corresponding release phenomenon of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles from the shells of the microbubbles into the cells via sonoporation and related phenomena, including nanoparticle delivery efficiency, cell trafficking, cell apoptosis, cell cycle, and disturbed flow of intracellular calcium ions during this process, are also studied. Experimental observations show that Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles embedded in the shells of microbubbles can be delivered into the tumor cells; the delivery rate can be controlled by adjusting the acoustic intensity. The living status or behavior of Fe(3)O(4) -tagged tumor cells can then be noninvasively tracked by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is further demonstrated that the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) in situ increases as a result of sonoporation. The elevated Ca(2+) is found to respond to the disrupted site in the cell membrane generated by sonoporation for the purpose of cell self-resealing. However, the excessive Ca(2+) accumulation on the membrane results in disruption of cellular Ca(2+) cycling that may be one of the reasons for the death of the cells at the G1 phase. The results also show that the Fe(3)O(4) -nanoparticle-embedded microbubbles have a lower effect on cell bioeffects compared with the non-Fe(3)O(4) -nanoparticle-embedded microbubbles under the same US intensity, which is beneficial for the delivery of nanoparticles and simultaneously maintains the cellular viability. PMID:21374806

Yang, Fang; Zhang, Miao; He, Wen; Chen, Ping; Cai, Xiaowei; Yang, Li; Gu, Ning; Wu, Junru

2011-04-01

112

Break Snoek limit via superparamagnetic coupling in Fe3O4/silica multiple-core/shell nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Natural materials that maintain significant permeability at microwave frequencies are a challenge due to the Snoek limit, but manipulation of matter-microwave interaction in artificial composites provides a possibility to achieve breakthroughs. Herein, we synthesized Fe3O4/silica core/shell nanoparticles comprised of multiple Fe3O4 cores in each particle (denoted as multiple-Fe3O4/silica). In comparison to conventional magnetic natural resonance at megahertz frequencies, the resonance of multiple-Fe3O4/silica composite appears at 9.3 GHz relying on superparamagnetic coupling, which is the highest value reported currently. Our study opens up a fantastic avenue for optimizing micromagnetism by nanoscale architectures.

Zhang, Xuefeng; Liu, Yuanyuan; Qin, Gaowu

2015-01-01

113

Linear birefringence and dichroism in citric acid coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

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To prepare highly dispersed water-based Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), we adopted the co-precipitation method and used citric acid (CA) as the surfactant. Via transmission electronic microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and X-ray diffractometry, we characterized the dispersibility and size of the products. Through two single-parameter experiments, including the pH value of suspension and the action of double centrifugations, the appropriate parameters' values were determined. Further, to produce CA coated MNPs with good magneto-optical properties as high retardance and low dichroism, the orthogonal design method was used to find the optimal parameters' values, including pH value of suspension after coating was 5, molar ratio of CA to Fe3O4 MNPs was 0.06, volume of CA was 40 ml, and coating temperature was 70 °C. Above all, the linear birefringence and dichroism of the best CA coated ferrofluid we produced were measured by a Stokes polarimeter as 23.6294° and 0.3411 under 64.5 mT, respectively. Thus, the biomedical applications could be performed hereafter.

Lin, Jing-Fung; Tsai, Chun-Chin; Lee, Meng-Zhe

2014-12-01

114

Linear birefringence and dichroism measurement in oil-based Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

To prepare dispersed Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), we adopt a co-precipitation method and consider surfactant amount, stirring speed, dispersion mode, and molar ratio of Fe3+/Fe2+. Via transmission electronic microscopy and X-ray diffractometry, we characterize the dispersibility and size of the products and determine the appropriate values of experimental parameters. The stirring speed is 1000 rpm in titration. There is simultaneous ultrasonic vibration and mechanical stirring in the titration and surface coating processes. The surfactant amount of oleic acid is 1.2 ml for molar ratios of Fe3+/Fe2+ as 1.7:1, 1.8:1, and 1.9:1. The average diameters of these Fe3O4 MNPs are 11 nm, and the ratios of saturation magnetization for these MNPs to that of bulk magnetite range from 45% to 65%, with remanent magnetization close to zero and low coercivity. Above all, the linear birefringence and dichroism measurements of the kerosene-based ferrofluid (FF) samples are investigated by a Stokes polarimeter. The influences of particle size distribution and magnetization in the birefringence and dichroism measurements of FFs are discussed.

Lin, Jing-Fung; Wang, Chia-Hung; Lee, Meng-Zhe

2013-04-01

115

Preparation of acid–base bifunctional core–shell structured Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles and their cooperative catalytic activity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An acid–base bifunctionalized magnetic nanoparticles catalyst Fe3O4@SiO2-A/B was successfully synthesized by immobilization of both organic base and acid groups together over silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles. The catalyst has been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) measurements. The bifunctionalized magnetic nanoparticles act as an easily recovered, highly efficient catalyst for the Henry reaction of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde with nitromethane at mild reaction conditions, even exceeding any monofunctionalized catalyst or physical mixture of two monofunctionalized nanoparticles in the catalytic behavior. In addition, a probable mechanism has been proposed to explain the cooperative interactions from the presence of the immobilized base and acid groups in close proximity. Importantly, the catalyst can be simply recoverable from the reaction mixture by magnetic decantation and recycled without significant degradation in reactivity.

116

Preparation of Fe3O4-Embedded Poly(styrene)/Poly(thiophene) Core/Shell Nanoparticles and Their Hydrogel Patterns for Sensor Applications  

OpenAIRE

This research describes the preparation and sensor applications of multifunctional monodisperse, Fe3O4 nanoparticles-embedded poly(styrene)/poly(thiophene) (Fe3O4-PSt/PTh), core/shell nanoparticles. Monodisperse Fe3O4-PSt/PTh nanoparticles were prepared by free-radical combination (mini-emulsion/emulsion) polymerization for Fe3O4-PSt core and oxidative seeded emulsion polymerization for PTh shell in the presence of FeCl3/H2O2 as a redox catalyst, respectively. For applicability of Fe3O4-PSt...

Yong Seok Kim; Hyun Jong Lee; Patakamuri Govindaiah; Woohyun Son; Won-Gun Koh; In Woo Cheong; Jung Hyun Kim

2014-01-01

117

Characterization of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles by fluxgate magnetorelaxometry for use in biomedical applications  

Science.gov (United States)

We have investigated the magnetorelaxometry (MRX) of various Fe3O4 nanoparticle suspensions utilizing a differential fluxgate setup. To estimate the distribution of the hydrodynamic size of the magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with organic shell, the cluster moment superposition model is applied. On a sample series of MNPs from the same batch diluted in water-glycerine mixtures of varying viscosity, it is demonstrated that the model is suited for the estimation of the distribution of the hydrodynamic size of MNPs and clusters. Since a MRX measurement lasts only a few seconds, it is also highly suited to study the aggregation kinetics. This is demonstrated on MNPs with silica shell suspended in 5% phosphate-buffered saline solution.

Ludwig, F.; Heim, E.; Schilling, M.; Enpuku, K.

2008-04-01

118

Size effects on magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: In this study, temperature, frequency and size dependence of magnetic properties of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in a size range of 1.1-11 nm by SPR technique. Magnetic properties of the samples were strongly temperature dependent. When the temperature is decreased, while the SPR line width is increasing the resonance field is decreasing. This means the anisotropy field is increasing by decreasing the temperature. Also a linear microwave frequency dependence was observed. Furthermore, when the size of the nanoparticles is increasing the resonance field is decreasing which is due to the large ratio of the surface to volume of the particles. The blocking temperature of the particles is increasing by the particle size

119

The effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the thermal conductivities of various base fluids  

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Conventional heat transfer fluids have intrinsically poor heat transfer properties compared to solids. Enhancing the efficiency of heat transfer is of great interest for various industrial applications. Suspending solid particles in a fluid increases the thermal conductivity of the resulting suspension and enhances the heat transfer properties. In this work, changes in thermal conductivities of fluids upon the addition of magnetic nanoparticles have been investigated. Fe3O4 nanoparticles are synthesized using different synthesis methods and are suspended in various oils. The effect of the base fluid and the type of magnetic particle on the thermal conductivity is investigated in detail. Up to 28% increase in the thermal conductivity is obtained with 2.5 wt% magnetic particles in hexane. The thermal conductivity enhancement is found to depend on the particle concentration, method of preparation and base fluid. The enhancements obtained are higher than those estimated using any theoretical model present in the literature.

Altan, Cem L.; Bucak, Seyda

2011-07-01

120

The effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the thermal conductivities of various base fluids  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Conventional heat transfer fluids have intrinsically poor heat transfer properties compared to solids. Enhancing the efficiency of heat transfer is of great interest for various industrial applications. Suspending solid particles in a fluid increases the thermal conductivity of the resulting suspension and enhances the heat transfer properties. In this work, changes in thermal conductivities of fluids upon the addition of magnetic nanoparticles have been investigated. Fe3O4 nanoparticles are synthesized using different synthesis methods and are suspended in various oils. The effect of the base fluid and the type of magnetic particle on the thermal conductivity is investigated in detail. Up to 28% increase in the thermal conductivity is obtained with 2.5 wt% magnetic particles in hexane. The thermal conductivity enhancement is found to depend on the particle concentration, method of preparation and base fluid. The enhancements obtained are higher than those estimated using any theoretical model present in the literature.

121

Functionalized fe3 o4 @silica core-shell nanoparticles as microalgae harvester and catalyst for biodiesel production.  

Science.gov (United States)

Core-shell Fe3 O4 @silica magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with a strong base, triazabicyclodecene (TBD), were successfully synthesized for harvesting microalgae and for one-pot microalgae-to-fatty acid methyl ester (FAME, or so-called biodiesel) conversion. Three types of algae oil sources (i.e., dried algae, algae oil, and algae concentrate) were used and the reaction conditions were optimized to achieve the maximum biodiesel yield. The results obtained in this study show that our TBD-functionalized Fe3 O4 @silica nanoparticles could effectively convert algae oil to biodiesel with a maximum yield of 97.1?%. Additionally, TBD-Fe3 O4 @silica nanoparticles act as an efficient algae harvester because of their adsorption and magnetic properties. The method presented in this study demonstrates the wide scope for the use of covalently functionalized core-shell nanoparticles for the production of liquid transportation fuels from algal biomass. PMID:25477296

Chiang, Ya-Dong; Dutta, Saikat; Chen, Ching-Tien; Huang, Yu-Tzu; Lin, Kuen-Song; Wu, Jeffrey C S; Suzuki, Norihiro; Yamauchi, Yusuke; Wu, Kevin C-W

2015-03-01

122

Spin disorder and magnetic anisotropy in Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

We have studied the magnetic behavior of dextran-coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles with median particle size =8 nm. Magnetization curves and in-field Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements showed that the magnetic moment MS of the particles was much smaller than the bulk material. However, we found no evidence of magnetic irreversibility or nonsaturating behavior at high fields, usually associated to spin canting. The values of magnetic anisotropy Keff from different techniques indicate that surface or shape contributions are negligible. It is proposed that these particles have bulklike ferromagnetic structure with ordered A and B sublattices, but nearly compensated the magnetic moments. The dependence of the blocking temperature with frequency and applied fields, TB(H,?), suggests that the observed nonmonotonic behavior is governed by the strength of interparticle interactions.

Lima, E.; Brandl, A. L.; Arelaro, A. D.; Goya, G. F.

2006-04-01

123

Correlation of structural and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with their calorimetric and magnetorheological performance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetic particles based on Fe3O4 were prepared by means of the microwave solvothermal method under different reaction conditions with the intention of their utilization as a mediator in magnetic hyperthermia and material for reducing blood flow in the tumor area. The synthesized particles were characterized in terms of their structure, size, shape, and magnetic properties with an emphasis on the correlation between particle morphology and magnetic properties. Most importantly, their heat development when exposed to an alternating magnetic field was determined, as well as the rheological behavior of their suspensions under static magnetic field. Reasonable heat development and substantial flow resistance under the effect of magnetic field indicate their potential for applications such as hyperthermia mediators or substances for temporary embolization. - Highlights: ? Fe3O4 nanoparticles were obtained by microwave-assisted synthesis ? Nucleation agents affect morphological and magnetic properties of nanoparticles. ? Aqueous ammonia nucleated Fe3O4 nanoparticles show high heating ability in AC magnetic field due to Neel relaxation. ? Suspension of Fe3O4 in silicone oil demonstrates flow resistance under DC magnetic field caused by chain formation. ? Fe3O4 nanoparticles has potential as a hyperthermia mediator and substance for temporary embolization.ce for temporary embolization.

124

Multifunctional luminomagnetic FePt-Fe3O4/SiO2/Rhodamine B/SiO2 nanoparticles with high magnetic emanation for biomedical applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Multifunctional luminomagnetic nanoparticles with average particle diameter around 34 nm and enhanced magnetic properties are reported. FePt-Fe3O4 magnetic nuclei with 6.0 ± 0.7 nm in a core–shell nanostructure were synthesized combining the modified polyol and seed-mediated growth processes, coated with silica by reverse micelle route and annealed. Individual silica-coated magnetic core resulted in a mixture of hard and soft magnetic nanostructured material with superparamagnetic behavior and enhanced magnetic emanation. Luminescent dye Rhodamine B (RhB) was incorporated onto the nanoparticle surface followed by coating with an outer silica shell in a layer-by-layer structure. The bifunctional luminomagnetic nanoparticles of FePt-Fe3O4/SiO2/RhB/SiO2 present high-water dispersibility, colloidal stability, and hydrophilic surface with isoelectric point of 2.7. The superparamagnetic behavior was preserved with blocking temperature of 40 K and the saturation magnetization of the final product equal 64.3 emu g?1 was around ten times higher than observed for nanoparticles using pure magnetite core synthesized in the same conditions. Inner and outer silica layers minimize luminescence quenching processes due to avoid contact between dye and both magnetic core and solvent, respectively, resulting in a stable emission for, at least, 1 h. These properties allied with the possibility to use differed with the possibility to use different dye compounds gives a potential bifunctional nanosensor for biomedical applications.

125

Controlled manipulation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in an oscillating magnetic field for fast ablation of microchannel occlusion  

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Fe3O4 nanoparticles were controlled by an oscillating magnetic field to enable fast and non-contact ablation of microchannel occlusion. Scalable behaviour of their translational and rotational velocities was experimentally verified. Rotational flows created by such motions are fundamental for ablation as demonstrated by the removal of thrombi in occluded microchannels.Fe3O4 nanoparticles were controlled by an oscillating magnetic field to enable fast and non-contact ablation of microchannel occlusion. Scalable behaviour of their translational and rotational velocities was experimentally verified. Rotational flows created by such motions are fundamental for ablation as demonstrated by the removal of thrombi in occluded microchannels. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional information on the magnetic properties of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles, setup configuration, and videos of thrombus removal process. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr06143h

Gabayno, Jacque Lynn F.; Liu, Da-Wei; Chang, Ming; Lin, Yu-Hao

2015-02-01

126

Multifunctional NaYF4:Yb, Er@mSiO2@Fe3O4-PEG nanoparticles for UCL/MR bioimaging and magnetically targeted drug delivery  

Science.gov (United States)

A low toxic multifunctional nanoplatform, integrating both mutimodal diagnosis methods and antitumor therapy, is highly desirable to assure its antitumor efficiency. In this work, we show a convenient and adjustable synthesis of multifunctional nanoparticles NaYF4:Yb, Er@mSiO2@Fe3O4-PEG (MFNPs) based on different sizes of up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). With strong up-conversion fluorescence offered by UCNPs, superparamagnetism properties attributed to Fe3O4 nanoparticles and porous structure coming from the mesoporous SiO2 shell, the as-obtained MFNPs can be utilized not only as a contrast agent for dual modal up-conversion luminescence (UCL)/magnetic resonance (MR) bio-imaging, but can also achieve an effective magnetically targeted antitumor chemotherapy both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the UCL intensity of UCNPs and the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 in the MFNPs were carefully balanced. Silica coating and further PEG modifying can improve the hydrophilicity and biocompatibility of the as-synthesized MFNPs, which was confirmed by the in vitro/in vivo biocompatibility and in vivo long-time bio-distributions tests. Those results revealed that the UCNPs based magnetically targeted drug carrier system we synthesized has great promise in the future for multimodal bio-imaging and targeted cancer therapy.A low toxic multifunctional nanoplatform, integrating both mutimodal diagnosis methods and antitumor therapy, is highly desirable to assure its antitumor efficiency. In this work, we show a convenient and adjustable synthesis of multifunctional nanoparticles NaYF4:Yb, Er@mSiO2@Fe3O4-PEG (MFNPs) based on different sizes of up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). With strong up-conversion fluorescence offered by UCNPs, superparamagnetism properties attributed to Fe3O4 nanoparticles and porous structure coming from the mesoporous SiO2 shell, the as-obtained MFNPs can be utilized not only as a contrast agent for dual modal up-conversion luminescence (UCL)/magnetic resonance (MR) bio-imaging, but can also achieve an effective magnetically targeted antitumor chemotherapy both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the UCL intensity of UCNPs and the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 in the MFNPs were carefully balanced. Silica coating and further PEG modifying can improve the hydrophilicity and biocompatibility of the as-synthesized MFNPs, which was confirmed by the in vitro/in vivo biocompatibility and in vivo long-time bio-distributions tests. Those results revealed that the UCNPs based magnetically targeted drug carrier system we synthesized has great promise in the future for multimodal bio-imaging and targeted cancer therapy. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr05342g

Liu, Bei; Li, Chunxia; Ma, Ping'an; Chen, Yinyin; Zhang, Yuanxin; Hou, Zhiyao; Huang, Shanshan; Lin, Jun

2015-01-01

127

Stability and magnetically induced heating behavior of lipid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic nanoparticles that are currently explored for various biomedical applications exhibit a high propensity to minimize total surface energy through aggregation. This study introduces a unique, thermoresponsive nanocomposite design demonstrating substantial colloidal stability of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (SPIONs) due to a surface-immobilized lipid layer. Lipid coating was accomplished in different buffer systems, pH 7.4, using an equimolar mixture of 1,2-dipalmitoyl- sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and l-?-dipalmitoylphosphatidyl glycerol (DPPG). Particle size and zeta potential were measured by dynamic laser light scattering. Heating behavior within an alternating magnetic field was compared between the commercial MFG-1000 magnetic field generator at 7 mT (1 MHz) and an experimental, laboratory-made magnetic hyperthermia system at 16.6 mT (13.7 MHz). The results revealed that product quality of lipid-coated SPIONs was significantly dependent on the colloidal stability of uncoated SPIONs during the coating process. Greatest stability was achieved at 0.02 mg/mL in citrate buffer (mean diameter = 80.0 ± 1.7 nm; zeta potential = -47.1 ± 2.6 mV). Surface immobilization of an equimolar DPPC/DPPG layer effectively reduced the impact of buffer components on particle aggregation. Most stable suspensions of lipid-coated nanoparticles were obtained at 0.02 mg/mL in citrate buffer (mean diameter = 179.3 ± 13.9 nm; zeta potential = -19.1 ± 2.3 mV). The configuration of the magnetic field generator significantly affected the heating properties of fabricated SPIONs. Heating rates of uncoated nanoparticles were substantially dependent on buffer composition but less influenced by particle concentration. In contrast, thermal behavior of lipid-coated nanoparticles within an alternating magnetic field was less influenced by suspension vehicle but dramatically more sensitive to particle concentration. These results underline the advantages of lipid-coated SPIONs on colloidal stability without compromising magnetically induced hyperthermia properties. Since phospholipids are biocompatible, these unique lipid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles offer exciting opportunities as thermoresponsive drug delivery carriers for targeted, stimulus-induced therapeutic interventions.

Allam, Ayat A.; Sadat, Md Ehsan; Potter, Sarah J.; Mast, David B.; Mohamed, Dina F.; Habib, Fawzia S.; Pauletti, Giovanni M.

2013-10-01

128

Fe3O4/Salicylic acid nanoparticles behavior on chick CAM vasculature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A modified ferrite co-precipitation synthesis was used to obtain core–shell Fe3O4/salicylic acid magnetic nanoparticles (Sa-MNP) with well-dispersed aqueous solution properties. The newly developed iron oxide nanoparticles properties were investigated with X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, and laser light scattering for their characteristic establishment. The resulting Sa-MNPs have spherical morphology, homogenous size distribution around 60 nm (35 nm FWHM), and a 67 mV Zeta potential value (15.5 mV STDV). In vivo biocompatibility and intravascular behavior of the 60 nm diameter size range synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated on chick chorioallantoic membrane model. The results show a reversible and good controlled intravascular accumulation under static magnetic field, a low risk of embolisation with nanoparticle aggregates detached from venous intravascular nanoblocked areas, a persistent blocking of the arterioles and dependent capillaries network, a good circulating life time and biocompatibility. The beneficial effects of salicylic acid (SA) and in vivo demonstrated capacity of Sa-MNPs to cutoff regional vascular supply under static magnetic field control suggest a possible biomedical application of these MNPs in targeted cancer therapy through magnetic controlled blood flow nanoblocking mechanism

129

Investigation of magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using temperature dependent magnetic hyperthermia in ferrofluids  

Science.gov (United States)

Rate of heat generated by magnetic nanoparticles in a ferrofluid is affected by their magnetic properties, temperature, and viscosity of the carrier liquid. We have investigated temperature dependent magnetic hyperthermia in ferrofluids, consisting of dextran coated superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, subjected to external magnetic fields of various frequencies (188-375 kHz) and amplitudes (140-235 Oe). Transmission electron microscopy measurements show that the nanoparticles are polydispersed with a mean diameter of 13.8 ± 3.1 nm. The fitting of experimental dc magnetization data to a standard Langevin function incorporating particle size distribution yields a mean diameter of 10.6 ± 1.2 nm, and a reduced saturation magnetization (˜65 emu/g) compared to the bulk value of Fe3O4 (˜95 emu/g). This is due to the presence of a finite surface layer (˜1 nm thickness) of non-aligned spins surrounding the ferromagnetically aligned Fe3O4 core. We found the specific absorption rate, measured as power absorbed per gram of iron oxide nanoparticles, decreases monotonically with increasing temperature for all values of magnetic field and frequency. Using the size distribution of magnetic nanoparticles estimated from the magnetization measurements, we have fitted the specific absorption rate versus temperature data using a linear response theory and relaxation dissipation mechanisms to determine the value of magnetic anisotropy constant (28 ± 2 kJ/m3) of Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

Nemala, H.; Thakur, J. S.; Naik, V. M.; Vaishnava, P. P.; Lawes, G.; Naik, R.

2014-07-01

130

A covalently attached film based on poly(methacrylic acid)-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA)-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by coprecipitation with PMAA in aqueous solution. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were further assembled with 2-nitro-N-methyl-4-diazonium-formaldehyde resin (NDR) to form a photosensitive precursor film, by virtue of the coulombic attraction between the negatively charged PMAA surface capping agent and the cationic polyelectrolyte of NDR. Covalent bonds were formed under ultraviolet irradiation. As a result of polymer capping of the nanoparticles and covalent linkage, a highly stable multilayer structure was formed. Transmission electron micrographs and selected area electron diffraction pattern revealed the Fe3O4 nanoparticles to be approximately 8 nm in diameter with a cubic phase structure. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy provided evidence for the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and NDR within the ultrathin films. The UV-visible spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy measurements supported the improvement of the stability of the film, which became impervious to polar solvents when the linkages between the nanoparticles and polymer changed from ionic bonds to covalent bonds

131

Investigation of magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using temperature dependent magnetic hyperthermia in ferrofluids  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Rate of heat generated by magnetic nanoparticles in a ferrofluid is affected by their magnetic properties, temperature, and viscosity of the carrier liquid. We have investigated temperature dependent magnetic hyperthermia in ferrofluids, consisting of dextran coated superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, subjected to external magnetic fields of various frequencies (188–375 kHz) and amplitudes (140–235 Oe). Transmission electron microscopy measurements show that the nanoparticles are polydispersed with a mean diameter of 13.8?±?3.1?nm. The fitting of experimental dc magnetization data to a standard Langevin function incorporating particle size distribution yields a mean diameter of 10.6?±?1.2?nm, and a reduced saturation magnetization (?65?emu/g) compared to the bulk value of Fe3O4 (?95?emu/g). This is due to the presence of a finite surface layer (?1?nm thickness) of non-aligned spins surrounding the ferromagnetically aligned Fe3O4 core. We found the specific absorption rate, measured as power absorbed per gram of iron oxide nanoparticles, decreases monotonically with increasing temperature for all values of magnetic field and frequency. Using the size distribution of magnetic nanoparticles estimated from the magnetization measurements, we have fitted the specific absorption rate versus temperature data using a linear response theory and relaxation dissipation mechanisms to determine the value of magnetic anisotropy constant (28?±?2?kJ/m3) of Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

132

Fe3O4/Au magnetic nanoparticle amplification strategies for ultrasensitive electrochemical immunoassay of alfa-fetoprotein  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ning Gan1*, Haijuan Jin1*, Tianhua Li1, Lei Zheng21The State Key Laboratory Base of Novel Functional Materials and Preparation Science, Faculty of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China *Both authors contributed equally to this workBackground: The purpose of this study was to devise a novel electrochemical immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of alfa-fetoprotein based on Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles as a carrier using a multienzyme amplification strategy.Methods and results: Greatly enhanced sensitivity was achieved using bioconjugates containing horseradish peroxidase (HRP and a secondary antibody (Ab2 linked to Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles (Fe3O4/Au-HRP-Ab2 at a high HRP/Ab2 ratio. After a sandwich immunoreaction, the Fe3O4/Au-HRP-Ab2 captured on the electrode surface produced an amplified electrocatalytic response by reduction of enzymatically oxidized hydroquinone in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. The high content of HRP in the Fe3O4/Au-HRP-Ab2 could greatly amplify the electrochemical signal. Under optimal conditions, the reduction current increased with increasing alfa-fetoprotein concentration in the sample, and exhibited a dynamic range of 0.005–10 ng/mL with a detection limit of 3 pg/mL.Conclusion: The amplified immunoassay developed in this work shows good precision, acceptable stability, and reproducibility, and can be used for detection of alfa-fetoprotein in real samples, so provides a potential alternative tool for detection of protein in the laboratory. Furthermore, this immunosensor could be regenerated by simply using an external magnetic field.Keywords: Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles, alfa-fetoprotein, sandwich immunoassay, electrochemical immunosensor

Gan N

2011-12-01

133

Optically transparent magnetic nanocomposites based on encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles in a sol-gel silica network  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Composite Fe3O4-SiO2 materials were prepared by the sol-gel method with tetraethoxysilane and aqueous-based Fe3O4 ferrofluids as precursors. The monoliths obtained were crack free and showed both optical and magnetic properties. The structural properties were determined by infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffractometry and transmission electron microscopy. Fe3O4 particles of 20 nm size lie within the pores of the matrix without any strong Si-O-Fe bonding. The well established silica network provides effective confinement to these nanoparticles. The composites were transparent in the 600-800 nm regime and the field dependent magnetization curves suggest that the composite exhibits superparamagnetic characteristics

134

Synthesis of M–Nd doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles (M = Co, Ce, Cr, Ni with tunable magnetic properties  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by the aqueous co-precipitation method. The magnetic nanoparticles obtained were characterized systematically through the use of an X-ray diffraction (XRD, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, scanning electron microscope (SEM, transmission electron microscope (TEM, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR and a vibrating sampling magnetometer (VSM. The results revealed that the magnetic nanoparticles were spherical shaped with inverse spinel structure. The size of Fe3O4 and Nd-Co doped Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were approximately 15 nm. Magnetic measurement revealed that the nanoparticles were super paramagnetic at room temperature. It was found that the magnetic response of the Fe3O4 increased when it was doped with Nd3+ and Co2+. However, the magnetic response of the Fe3O4 decreased when it was doped with Nd3+ or Ce3+ or Cr3+or Ni2+.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v27i1.5

P. Alimard

2013-04-01

135

Synthesis of Fe3O4/Pt Nanoparticles Decorated Carbon Nano tubes and Their Use as Magnetically Recyclable Catalysts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a facile approach to prepare Fe3O4/Pt nanoparticles decorated carbon nano tubes (CNTs). The superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with average size of 45 nm were loaded on the surfaces of carboxyl groups functionalized CNTs via a high-temperature solution-phase hydrolysis method from the raw material of FeCl3. The synthesis process of magnetic CNTs is green and readily scalable. The loading amounts of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the magnetizations of the resulting magnetic CNTs show good tunability. The Pt nanoparticles with average size of 2.5 nm were deposited on the magnetic CNTs through a solution-based method. It is demonstrated that the Fe3O4/Pt nanoparticles decorated CNTs have high catalytic activity in the reduction reaction of 4-nitrophenol and can be readily recycled by a magnet and reused in the next reactions with high efficiencies for at least fifteen successive cycles. The novel CNTs-supported magnetically recyclable catalysts are promising in heterogeneous catalysis applications.

136

Effect of interaction of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 and artesunate on apoptosis of K562 cells  

OpenAIRE

Ying Wang1, Yuxiang Han1, Yingying Yang1, Jingci Yang1, Xiaonan Guo1, Jingnan Zhang1, Ling Pan1, Guohua Xia2, Baoan Chen21Department of Hematology, the 2nd Hospital of Hebei Medical University, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The present study evaluated whether the magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (MNPs-Fe3O4) could enhance the activity ...

Wang Y; Han Y; Yang Y; Yang J.; Guo X; Zhang J; Pan L.; Xia G; Chen B.

2011-01-01

137

Synthesis and characterization of polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles by chemical co-precipitation method for biomedical applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. With polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a stabilizer and dispersant. The X-ray diffraction and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) results show that the cubic inverse spinel structure of pure phase polycrystalline Fe3O4 was obtained. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM) results exhibited that the resulted Fe3O4 nanoparticles were roughly spherical in shape with narrow size distribution and homogenous shape. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) results suggested that PEG indicated with Fe3O4 via its carbonyl groups. Results of vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) indicated that the prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibit superparamagnetic behavior and high saturation magnetization at room temperature. Such Fe3O4 nanoparticles with favorable size and tunable magnetic properties are promising biomedical applications.

Anbarasu, M.; Anandan, M.; Chinnasamy, E.; Gopinath, V.; Balamurugan, K.

2015-01-01

138

Synergistic effect of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 with gambogic acid on apoptosis of K562 leukemia cells  

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Full Text Available Baoan Chen1,*, Yiqiong Liang1,*, Weiwei Wu1, Jian Cheng1, Guohua Xia1, Feng Gao1, Jiahua Ding1, Chong Gao1, Zeye Shao1, Guohong Li1, Wenji Chen1, Wenlin Xu2, Xinchen Sun3, Lijie Liu4, Xiaomao Li5, Xuemei Wang61Department of Hematology; 3Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Clinical Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated People’s Hospital, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China; 4Institution of Physiology, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Physics, University of Saarland, Saarbruechen, Germany; 6State Key Lab of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, Peoples Republic of China; *These authors have contributed equally to this workAbstract: Gambogic acid (GA has a significant anticancer effect on a wide variety of solid tumors. Recently, many nanoparticles have been introduced as drug-delivery systems to enhance the efficiency of anticancer drug delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of combination therapy with GA and magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (MNPs-Fe3O4. The proliferation of K562 cells and their cytotoxicity were evaluated by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was observed and analyzed by microscope and flow cytometry, respectively. Furthermore, realtime polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analyses were performed to examine gene transcription and protein expression, respectively. The results showed that MNPs-Fe3O4 dramatically enhanced GA-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in K562 cells. The typical morphological features of apoptosis treated with GA and MNPs-Fe3O4 were observed under an optical microscope and a fluorescence microscope, respectively. The transcription of caspase-3 and bax gene in the group treated with GA and MNPs-Fe3O4 was higher than that in the GA-alone group or MNPs-Fe3O4-alone group, but the transcription of bcl-2, nuclear factor-?B, and survivin degraded as did the expression of corresponding proteins in K562 cells. Our data suggests a potential clinical application of a combination of GA and MNPs-Fe3O4 in leukemia therapy.Keywords: gambogic acid, magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4, traditional Chinese medicine, K562 leukemia cells, apoptosis

Baoan Chen

2009-11-01

139

Photothermal effects and toxicity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles via near infrared laser irradiation for cancer therapy.  

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The photothermal effect of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was characterized by photonic absorption in the near-infrared (NIR) region. Upon laser irradiation at 785 nm, the Fe3O4 nanoparticles generate localized hyperthermia in tumorous lesions, which is an effective strategy for cancer therapy; however, uncoated magnetite possesses an innate toxicity which can lead to drawbacks in the clinical setting. To reduce innate toxicity, a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) coating on the nanoparticles was investigated in order to determine the alterations to stability and the degree of toxicity in an attempt to create a higher utility vector. It was found that the PAA coating significantly reduced the innate toxicity of the uncoated magnetite. Furthermore, the efficacy of PAA-coated magnetite nanoparticles (PAA-Fe3O4) was investigated for treating MDA-MB-231 (human mammary gland adenocarcinoma) cultures in viable concentration ranges (0.1-0.5mg/ml). An appropriate PAA-Fe3O4 concentration range was then established for inducing significant cell death by hyperthermic ablation, but not through innate toxicity. PMID:25491964

Dunn, Andrew W; Ehsan, Sadat M; Mast, David; Pauletti, Giovanni M; Xu, Hong; Zhang, Jiaming; Ewing, Rodney C; Shi, Donglu

2015-01-01

140

CaMoO4:TbatFe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles for luminescence and hyperthermia applications  

Science.gov (United States)

We have prepared CaMoO4:Tb@Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles by co-precipitation and polyol method. Their temperature kinetics for hyperthermia temperature ˜43 °C under different applied AC fields and the luminescence properties under UV-radiation are investigated. A strong green emission is observed due to the presence of Tb3+ ions.

Parchur, A. K.; Kaurav, N.; Ansari, A. A.; Prasad, A. I.; Ningthoujam, R. S.; Rai, S. B.

2013-02-01

141

Particle speciation during PEG–Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticle self-assembly on Si(Ti)O2  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The kinetics of assembly of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in aqueous suspension on planar Si(Ti)O2 surfaces have been determined using high-resolution optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (OWLS). Analysis of the results revealed that the initially uniform population was spontaneously transformed into two types of particles with significantly different adsorption behaviour.

142

Magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with oleic and dodecanoic acids  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic nanoparticles (NP) of magnetite (Fe3O4) coated with oleic acid (OA) and dodecanoic acid (DA) were synthesized and investigated through transmission electron microscopy (TEM), magnetization M, and ac magnetic susceptibility measurements. The OA coated samples were produced with different magnetic concentrations (78%, 76%, and 65%) and the DA sample with 63% of Fe3O4. Images from TEM indicate that the NP have a nearly spherical geometry and mean diameter ˜5.5 nm. Magnetization measurements, performed in zero-field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled processes under different external magnetic fields H, exhibited a maximum at a given temperature TB in the ZFC curves, which depends on the NP coating (OA or DA), magnetite concentration, and H. The temperature TB decreases monotonically with increasing H and, for a given H, the increase in the magnetite concentration results in an increase in TB. The observed behavior is related to the dipolar interaction between NP, which seems to be an important mechanism in all samples studied. This is supported by the results of the ac magnetic susceptibility ?ac measurements, where the temperature in which ?' peaks for different frequencies follows the Vogel-Fulcher model, a feature commonly found in systems with dipolar interactions. Curves of H versus TB/TB(H =0) for samples with different coatings and magnetite concentrations collapse into a universal curve, indicating that the qualitative magnetic behavior of the samples may be described by the NP themselves, instead of the coating or the strength of the dipolar interaction. Below TB, M versus H curves show a coercive field (HC) that increases monotonically with decreasing temperature. The saturation magnetization (MS) follows the Bloch's law and values of MS at room temperature as high as 78 emu/g were estimated, a result corresponding to ˜80% of the bulk value. The overlap of M /MS versus H /T curves for a given sample and the low HC at high temperatures suggest superparamagnetic behavior in all samples studied. The overlap of M /MS versus H curves at constant temperature for different samples indicates that the NP magnetization behavior is preserved, independently of the coating and magnetite concentration.

Barbeta, V. B.; Jardim, R. F.; Kiyohara, P. K.; Effenberger, F. B.; Rossi, L. M.

2010-04-01

143

The changes of T lymphocytes and cytokines in ICR mice fed with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

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Full Text Available Jun Wang1, Baoan Chen1, Nan Jin1, Guohua Xia2, Yue Chen1, Ying Zhou1, Xiaohui Cai1,2, Jiahua Ding1, Xiaomao Li3, Xuemei Wang41Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital, 2Department of Medical Laboratory, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; 3Department of Physics, University of Saarland, Saarbruecken, Germany; 4National Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The aim of this article is to study the changes inhibited T lymphocytes and cytokines related to the cellular immunity in ICR (imprinting control region mice fed with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4-MNPs. The Fe3O4-MNPs were synthesized, and their characteristics such as particle size, zeta potential, and X-ray diffraction patterns were measured and determined. All ICR mice were sacrificed after being exposed to 0, 300, 600, and 1200 mg/kg of Fe3O4-MNPs by single gastric administration for 14 days. Splenocytes proliferation was indicated with stimulate index by MTT assay; release of cytokines in the serum of ICR mice was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the phenotypic analyses of T-lymphocyte subsets were performed using flow cytometry. Our results indicated that there were no significant differences in splenocyte proliferation and release of cytokines between exposed and control groups. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the proportions of T-lymphocyte subsets in the low-dose Fe3O4-MNPs group when compared to the control group, but the proportions of CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ T-lymphocyte subsets both in the medium- and high-dose Fe3O4-MNPs groups were higher than those in the control group. It is concluded that a high dose of Fe3O4-MNPs, to some extent, could influence in vivo immune function of normal ICR mice.Keywords: Fe3O4, magnetic nanoparticles, splenocyte proliferation, release of cytokines, T-lymphocyte subsets, ICR mice

Wang J

2011-04-01

144

N,N,N',N'-tetraoctyl diglycolamide coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles for americium preconcentration and determination with ?-spectrometry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

N,N,N',N'-tetraoctyl diglycolamide (TODGA) was coated on Fe3O4 nanoparticles under different chemical conditions. TODGA coated on magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 captured representative actinide 241Am at 3-4 M HNO3 with a very high efficiency. However, it has been observed that HNO3 induced preorganization plays an important role in sorption of Am(III) ions even in its self-assembled monolayer on magnetic nanoparticles. As Am(III) sorption in TODGA coated Fe3O4 found to be quantitative (90%), this material was used for preconcentration of 241Am from aqueous sample and subjecting it for direct quantification with ?-spectrometry. A linear variation of ?-activity of 241Am sorbed in TODGA coated Fe3O4 with amount of 241Am spiked in equilibrating solution indicated potential application of this method for monitoring ultra-trace concentration of 241Am in large volume of aqueous samples using magnetically assisted separation. (author)

145

Hybrid composites made of multiwalled carbon nanotubes functionalized with Fe3O4 nanoparticles for tissue engineering applications  

Science.gov (United States)

A straightforward technique for functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was developed. Iron oxide nanoparticles were deposited on MWCNT surfaces by a deposition-precipitation method using Fe3+/Fe2+ salts precursors in basic solution. The characterizations by HRTEM, XRD, SEM/EDX, AAS and TPR analyses confirmed the successful formation of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on the MWCNT surface. Fe3O4/MWCNT hybrid composites were analysed in vitro by incubation with mesenchymal stem cells for 1, 3 and 7 days, either in the presence or absence of a static magnetic field. Analysis of cell proliferation was performed by the MTT assay, quantification of cellular stress was performed by the Lactate Dehydrogenase assay and analysis of cell morphology was performed by actin immunofluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. Results demonstrate that the introduction of magnetite into the MWCNT structure increases biocompatibility of oxidized MWCNTs. In addition, the presence of a static magnetic field further increases Fe3O4/MWCNT influence on cell behaviour. These results demonstrate this novel Fe3O4/MWCNT hybrid composite has good potential for tissue engineering applications.

Cunha, C.; Panseri, S.; Iannazzo, D.; Piperno, A.; Pistone, A.; Fazio, M.; Russo, A.; Marcacci, M.; Galvagno, S.

2012-11-01

146

Hybrid composites made of multiwalled carbon nanotubes functionalized with Fe3O4 nanoparticles for tissue engineering applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A straightforward technique for functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was developed. Iron oxide nanoparticles were deposited on MWCNT surfaces by a deposition–precipitation method using Fe3+/Fe2+ salts precursors in basic solution. The characterizations by HRTEM, XRD, SEM/EDX, AAS and TPR analyses confirmed the successful formation of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on the MWCNT surface. Fe3O4/MWCNT hybrid composites were analysed in vitro by incubation with mesenchymal stem cells for 1, 3 and 7 days, either in the presence or absence of a static magnetic field. Analysis of cell proliferation was performed by the MTT assay, quantification of cellular stress was performed by the Lactate Dehydrogenase assay and analysis of cell morphology was performed by actin immunofluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. Results demonstrate that the introduction of magnetite into the MWCNT structure increases biocompatibility of oxidized MWCNTs. In addition, the presence of a static magnetic field further increases Fe3O4/MWCNT influence on cell behaviour. These results demonstrate this novel Fe3O4/MWCNT hybrid composite has good potential for tissue engineering applications. (paper)

147

Use of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Enhancement of Biosensor Response to the Herbicide 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid  

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Full Text Available Magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 were synthesized and characterized using transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The Fe3O4 nanoparticles were found to have an average diameter of 5.48 ±1.37 nm. An electrochemical biosensor based on immobilized alkaline phosphatase (ALP and Fe3O4 nanoparticles was studied. The amperometric biosensor was based on the reaction of ALP with the substrate ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AA2P. The incorporation of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles together with ALP into a sol gel/chitosan biosensor membrane has led to the enhancement of the biosensor response, with an improved linear response range to the substrate AA2P (5-120 μM and increased sensitivity. Using the inhibition property of the ALP, the biosensor was applied to the determination of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D. The use of Fe3O4 nanoparticles gives a two-fold improvement in the sensitivity towards 2,4-D, with a linear response range of 0.5-30 μgL-1. Exposure of the biosensor to other toxicants such as heavy metals demonstrated only slight interference from metals such as Hg2+, Cu2+, Ag2+ and Pb2+. The biosensor was shown to be useful for the determination of the herbicide 2, 4-D because good recovery of 95-100 percent was obtained, even though the analysis was performed in water samples with a complex matrix. Furthermore, the results from the analysis of 2,4-D in water samples using the biosensor correlated well with a HPLC method.

Ishak Zamri

2008-09-01

148

Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles on Graphene Oxides for High Capacity Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes  

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Full Text Available Magnetite, Fe3O4, is a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity (924 mA h g?1, high density, low cost and low toxicity. However, its application as high capacity anodes is still hampered by poor cycling performance. To stabilize the cycling performance of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, composites comprising Fe3O4 nanoparticles and graphene sheets (GS were fabricated. The Fe3O4/GS composite disks of mm dimensions were prepared by electrostatic self-assembly between negatively charged graphene oxide (GO sheets and positively charged Fe3O4-APTMS [Fe3O4 grafted with (3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS] in an acidic solution (pH = 2 followed by in situ chemical reduction. Thus prepared Fe3O4/GS composite showed an excellent rate capability as well as much enhanced cycling stability compared with Fe3O4 electrode. The superior electrochemical responses of Fe3O4/GS composite disks assure the advantages of: (1 electrostatic self-assembly between high storage-capacity materials with GO; and (2 incorporation of GS in the Fe3O4/GS composite for high capacity lithium-ion battery application.

Jung Kyoo Lee

2013-09-01

149

Green Biosynthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Iron Oxide (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles Using Seaweed (Sargassum muticum) Aqueous Extract  

OpenAIRE

The synthesis of nanoparticles has become a matter of great interest in recent times due to their various advantageous properties and applications in a variety of fields. The exploitation of different plant materials for the biosynthesis of nanoparticles is considered a green technology because it does not involve any harmful chemicals. In this study, iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) were synthesized using a rapid, single step and completely green biosynthetic method by reduction of ferri...

Rosfarizan Mohamad; Mansor Bin Ahmad; Mahnaz Mahdavi; Farideh Namvar

2013-01-01

150

Preparation, characterization and application of Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized by a co-precipitation method. The phase purity was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis. The crystal size was found to be 10 nm from transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is evidenced that the surface of Fe3O4 MNPs was modified by sodium citrate. The Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell MNPs were obtained by coating the MNPs with direct precipitation using zinc acetate and ammonium carbonate. The precursor was firstly dried and then calcined at 350 deg. C. The antioxidation tests indicated that the core/shell MNPs give better antioxidation than that of the Fe3O4 MNPs. The photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange revealed that the core/shell MNPs have higher photocatalytic activity than that of the ZnO nanoparticles. Separation of the core/shell MNPs from the aqueous suspension using a magnet provides an easy way to recycle the core/shell MNPs. After four-time recycling, the photocatalytic degradation percentage of the core/shell MNPs is about 70%

151

Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles on Graphene Oxides for High Capacity Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes  

OpenAIRE

Magnetite, Fe3O4, is a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity (924 mA h g?1), high density, low cost and low toxicity. However, its application as high capacity anodes is still hampered by poor cycling performance. To stabilize the cycling performance of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, composites comprising Fe3O4 nanoparticles and graphene sheets (GS) were fabricated. The Fe3O4/GS composite disks of mm dimensions were prepared by electrostatic self-asse...

Jung Kyoo Lee; Jinku Kim; Taegyune Yoon; Jaegyeong Kim

2013-01-01

152

XPS analysis of oleylamine/oleic acid capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a function of temperature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized solvothermally using oleylamine and oleic acid as surfactants, and the surface composition was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as a function of temperature, from the as-synthesized nanoparticles to those annealed under vacuum at 883K. XPS of the as-synthesized nanoparticles was consistent with a surface composition of stoichiometric Fe3O4 capped with a mixture of monodentate carboxylate and chemisorbed amine, although the surface was enriched in carboxylate over that present in the synthesis reaction concentration. The method of synthesis and capping surfactants effectively protect the nanoparticle surface from detectable hydroxylation. The capped nanoparticle is stable for 24 h at 373K, and the capping agents persist to 523K, at which point the oleylamine decomposes to desorb nitrogen and deposit aliphatic carbon from the capping tail. The carboxylate decomposes over a wider range and at 883K some carboxylate remains on the surface. The iron oxide nanoparticle undergoes substantial reduction as the aliphatic capping tail decomposes. While the as-introduced nanoparticle is essentially Fe3O4, reduction to FeO, Fe and Fe3C occurs sequentially as the nanoparticle is heated to higher temperatures.

153

XPS analysis of oleylamine/oleic acid capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a function of temperature  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized solvothermally using oleylamine and oleic acid as surfactants, and the surface composition was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as a function of temperature, from the as-synthesized nanoparticles to those annealed under vacuum at 883K. XPS of the as-synthesized nanoparticles was consistent with a surface composition of stoichiometric Fe3O4 capped with a mixture of monodentate carboxylate and chemisorbed amine, although the surface was enriched in carboxylate over that present in the synthesis reaction concentration. The method of synthesis and capping surfactants effectively protect the nanoparticle surface from detectable hydroxylation. The capped nanoparticle is stable for 24 h at 373K, and the capping agents persist to 523K, at which point the oleylamine decomposes to desorb nitrogen and deposit aliphatic carbon from the capping tail. The carboxylate decomposes over a wider range and at 883K some carboxylate remains on the surface. The iron oxide nanoparticle undergoes substantial reduction as the aliphatic capping tail decomposes. While the as-introduced nanoparticle is essentially Fe3O4, reduction to FeO, Fe and Fe3C occurs sequentially as the nanoparticle is heated to higher temperatures.

Wilson, D.; Langell, M. A.

2014-06-01

154

Magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles from tea waste for arsenic removal  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MION-Tea) successfully synthesized using tea waste template. MION-Tea exhibit super magnetic properties under external magnetic field with saturation magnetization value of 6.9 emu/g at room temperature. SEM of MION-Tea shows cuboid/pyramid shaped crystals structure of Fe3O4 (magnetite). TEM of MION-Tea shows the particle size in the range of 5-25 nm. XRD pattern of MION-Tea is identical to magnetite. Magnetic nanoparticles are tested for removal of As(III) and As(V) from aqueous solution. The adsorption data obeyed the Langmuir equation with high adsorption capacity of 188.69 mg/g for arsenic (III), and 153.8 mg/g for arsenic (V). The mean sorption energy (E) calculated from D-R model, indicated physico-chemical sorption process. A pseudo-second-order kinetic model fitted best for As(III) adsorption on MION-Tea and the derived activation energy was 64.27 kJ/mol. Thermodynamics revealed the endothermic nature of adsorption. The effects of solution pH, interfering anions and initial As(III) concentration have been investigated. MION-Tea was very low cost (Rs. 136 per kg). MION-Tea can be reused up to 5 adsorption cycles and regenerated using NaOH. Cost of As(III) removal from water of was estimated to be Rs. 14 for 100 L. Comparison with reported adsorbents proved MION-Tea a potential adsorbent for As(III) and As(V) adsorption.

Lunge, Sneha; Singh, Shripal; Sinha, Amalendu

2014-04-01

155

Effect of spatial confinement on magnetic hyperthermia via dipolar interactions in Fe3O4 nanoparticles for biomedical applications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this work, the effect of nanoparticle confinement on the magnetic relaxation of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NP) was investigated by measuring the hyperthermia heating behavior in high frequency alternating magnetic field. Three different Fe3O4 nanoparticle systems having distinct nanoparticle configurations were studied in terms of magnetic hyperthermia heating rate and DC magnetization. All magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) systems were constructed using equivalent ~10nm diameter NP that were structured differently in terms of configuration, physical confinement, and interparticle spacing. The spatial confinement was achieved by embedding the Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the matrices of the polystyrene spheres of 100 nm, while the unconfined was the free Fe3O4 nanoparticles well-dispersed in the liquid via PAA surface coating. Assuming the identical core MNPs in each system, the heating behavior was analyzed in terms of particle freedom (or confinement), interparticle spacing, and magnetic coupling (or dipole-dipole interaction). DC magnetization data were correlated to the heating behavior with different material properties. Analysis of DC magnetization measurements showed deviation from classical Langevin behavior near saturation due to dipole interaction modification of the MNPs resulting in a high magnetic anisotropy. It was found that the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of the unconfined nanoparticle systems were significantly higher than those of confined (the MNPs embedded in the polystyrene matrix). This increase of SAR was found to be attributable to high Néel relaxation rate and hysteresis loss of the unconfined MNPs. It was also found that the dipole-dipole interactions can significantly reduce the global magnetic response of the MNPs and thereby decrease the SAR of the nanoparticle systems.

Sadat, M E [University of Cincinnati; Patel, Ronak [University of Cincinnati; Sookoor, Jason [University of Cincinnati; Bud' ko, Sergey L [Ames Laboratory; Ewing, Rodney C [Stanford University; Zhang, Jiaming [Stanford University; Xu, Hong [Shanghai Jiao Tong University; Wang, Yilong [Tongji University School of Medicine; Pauletti, Giovanni M [University of Cincinnati; Mast, David B [University of Cincinnati; Shi, Donglu [University of Cincinnati

2014-09-01

156

Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and chemotherapy agents interact synergistically to induce apoptosis in lymphoma cells  

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Full Text Available Hongmei Jing1, Jing Wang1, Ping Yang1, Xiaoyan Ke1, Guohua Xia2, Baoan Chen21Department of Hematology and Lymphoma Research Center, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Clinical Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential effects of combination therapy using magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (MNP-Fe3O4 and chemotherapeutic drugs on lymphoma cells. Proliferation, inhibition, and viability of Raji cells were detected by MTT and trypan blue exclusion. The percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry using fluorescein isothiocyanate-annexin V and propidium iodide staining. p53 and nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B protein levels were measured by Western blot. The results showed that proliferation of Raji cells was inhibited by adriamycin or daunorubicin in a dose-and time-dependent manner. Cell sensitivity was improved and the 50% inhibitory concentrations of adriamycin and daunorubicin decreased when combined with a MNP-Fe3O4 carrier. Interestingly, increased apoptosis in Raji lymphoma cells was accompanied by upregulation of p53 protein and downregulation of NF-?B protein. Furthermore, the combination of MNP-Fe3O4 with adriamycin or daunorubicin increased p53 protein levels and decreased NF-?B protein levels more than adriamycin or daunorubicin alone, indicating that MNP-Fe3O4 could enhance the effect of chemotherapeutic drugs on p53 and NF-?B. Similar results for cell apoptosis and protein expression were not observed for the groups treated with dexamethasone ± MNP-Fe3O4 (P >0.05. These findings suggest a potential clinical application for MNP-Fe3O4 in combination with daunorubicin or adriamycin in the treatment of lymphoma.Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, Raji cells, apoptosis, p53, NF-?B

Hongmei Jing

2010-11-01

157

Preparation and evaluation of the effect of Fe3 O4 @piroctone olamine magnetic nanoparticles on matrix metalloproteinase-2: a preliminary in vitro study.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by the coprecipitation of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) ions and used as a nanocarrier for the production of piroctone-olamine-loaded Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 @PO NPs). The nanocrystalline structure of the prepared iron oxide species was confirmed by the X-ray diffraction spectroscopy method. Particle size distribution analysis showed that the size of Fe3 O4 @PO NPs was in the range of 5-55 nm. The magnetization curve of Fe3 O4 @PO NPs (with saturation magnetization of 28.2 emu/g) confirmed its ferromagnetic property. Loading of PO on the surface of Fe3 O4 NPs qualitatively verified by Fourier transform infrared spectrum obtained from Fe3 O4 @PO NPs. Cytotoxicity studies on the human fibrosarcoma cell line (HT-1080) revealed higher inhibitory effect of Fe3 O4 @PO NPs (50% cell death [IC50 ] of 8.1 µg/mL) as compared with Fe3 O4 NPs (IC50 of 117.1 µg/mL) and PO (IC50 of 71.2 µg/mL) alone. In the case of human normal fibroblast (Hs68), the viability percentage was found to be 75% in the presence of Fe3 O4 @PO NPs (120 µg/mL). Gelatin zymography showed 17.2% and 34.6% inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the presence of Fe3 O4 @PO and PO, respectively, at the same concentration of 40 µg/mL, whereas Fe3 O4 NPs did not inhibit MMP-2 at any concentration. PMID:24716879

Shakibaie, Mojtaba; Haghiri, Mahboobe; Jafari, Mandana; Amirpour-Rostami, Sahar; Ameri, Alieh; Forootanfar, Hamid; Mehrabani, Mitra

2014-01-01

158

Aqueous nickel-nitrilotriacetate modified Fe3O4 NH3+ nanoparticles for protein purification and cell targeting  

Science.gov (United States)

A comprehensive totally aqueous phase synthesis of nickel-nitrilotriacetate (Ni-NTA) modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles is presented. The Fe3O4-NTA-Ni nanoparticles are able to perform efficient and specific purification of 6-His tagged proteins from crude cell lysates, as evidenced by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot analysis. The average binding capacity, as demonstrated by streptopain (MW 42 kDa), is 0.23 mg/mg (protein/Fe3O4-NTA-Ni). Considering the high affinity and specificity of the binding between hexahistidine motif and Ni-NTA, Ni-NTA modified nanoparticles could act as a module to carry 6-His tagged proteins on the particle surface with molecular orientation control, since only the 6-His domain could be attached. These modularly designed functional nanoparticles enhance cancer cell targeting, as supported by the in vitro receptor mediated targeting assay using RGD-4C-6-His fusion peptide. The nanoparticles show no significant hemolysis for human blood and could be investigated further for their in vivo functional imaging applications.

Shieh, Dar-Bin; Su, Chia-Hao; Chang, Fong-Yu; Wu, Ya-Na; Su, Wu-Chou; Hwu, Jih Ru; Chen, Jyh-Horng; Yeh, Chen-Sheng

2006-08-01

159

Aqueous nickel-nitrilotriacetate modified Fe3O4-NH3+ nanoparticles for protein purification and cell targeting  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A comprehensive totally aqueous phase synthesis of nickel-nitrilotriacetate (Ni-NTA) modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles is presented. The Fe3O4-NTA-Ni nanoparticles are able to perform efficient and specific purification of 6-His tagged proteins from crude cell lysates, as evidenced by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot analysis. The average binding capacity, as demonstrated by streptopain (MW 42 kDa), is 0.23 mg/mg (protein/Fe3O4-NTA-Ni). Considering the high affinity and specificity of the binding between hexahistidine motif and Ni-NTA, Ni-NTA modified nanoparticles could act as a module to carry 6-His tagged proteins on the particle surface with molecular orientation control, since only the 6-His domain could be attached. These modularly designed functional nanoparticles enhance cancer cell targeting, as supported by the in vitro receptor mediated targeting assay using RGD-4C-6-His fusion peptide. The nanoparticles show no significant hemolysis for human blood and could be investigated further for their in vivo functional imaging applications

160

Photoelectron diffraction of Rh nanoparticles growth on Fe3O4/Pd(111) ultra thin film  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Heterogeneous catalysis is a highly complex process. Usually, a catalyst is formed by transition metal nanoparticles (for example, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ni, Au) supported by an oxide such as alumina, silica, titania among others [1-4]. The performance of the catalyst in terms of macroscopic chemical parameters such as the temperature for reaction activation, selectivity and efficiency can be strongly influenced by different characteristics of the catalyst at the atomic level, for instance, its electronic and atomic structure, particle size and shape, crystallographic structure [5-6] and support material effects[1]. Metal-oxide-based catalysts are used for many important synthesis reactions in the chemical industry, such as selective oxidation, dehydrogenation, isomerization and other chemical processes [7]. Rhodium nanoparticles have been used, for example, in the studies of propionaldehyde decomposition under ultra-high vacuum (UHV) conditions. The aim of this work is to prepare rhodium nanoparticles on magnetite (Fe3O4) (111) growth on Pd(111). The rhodium clusters and iron oxide ultra-thin films (thickness <10ML) were prepared in UHV conditions by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and keeping the substrate at 450 deg C. The system was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) and photoelectron diffraction (PED) performed at the SGM beam line at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source (LNLS). Our results shows the formation of small Rh an island with the same atomic structure of fcc Rh at bulk, and thickness lower then 5MLs. The islands cover approximately 15% of the iron surface. These findings were determined mainly with the PED experiments supported by a comprehensive simulation approach based on multiple scattering calculations. References: [1] J. Libuda, H.-J. Freund, Surf. Sci. Rep. 57, 157 (2005). [2] C. R. Henry, Surf. Sci. Rep. 31, 231 (1998). [3] N. Nilius, A. Corper, G. Bozdech, N. Ernst , H.-J. Freund, Prog. Surf. Sci. 67, 99 (2001). [4] C. T. Campbell, Surf. Sci. Rep. 27, 1 (1997). [5] M. Frank, S. Andersson, J. Libuda, S. Stempel, A. Sandell, B. Brena, A. Giertz, P. A. Bruhwiler, M. Baumer, N. Martensson, H.-J. Freund, Chem. Phys. Lett. 279 92 (1997). [6] S. Andersson, M. Frank, A. Sandell, A. Giertz, B. Brena, P. A. Bruhwiler, N. Martensson, J. Libuda, M. Baumer, H.-J. Freund, J. Chem. Phys. 108 2967 (1998). [7] G. Ertl, H. Knozinger, J. Weitkamp, Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1997. (author)

161

Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles: Synthesis, characterization and application in environmental remediation  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell structure was synthesized by a one pot co-precipitation method, and its applicability as Low-Cost Abundantly available adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions from simulated industrial waste water was examined. The detailed characterization of morphology showed that the Fe3O4 nanoparticle was coated with amorphous silica of a shell thickness of 2-3 nm. The core-shell magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) showed a great removal capability of four different heavy metal ions (Zn (II), Co (II), Ni (II), and Cu (II). These MNPs showed high magnetic saturation values, which ensure the convenience of recovering sorbent for reusability with the assistance of external magnetic field. Specifically, this present study shows the use of MNPs as an effective recyclable adsorbent for environmental remediation.

Majeed, J.; Ramkumar, Jayshree; Chandramouleeswaran, S.; Tyagi, A. K.

2014-04-01

162

Radiolytic Formation of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles: Influence of Radiation Dose on Structure and Magnetic Properties  

OpenAIRE

Colloidal Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using a gamma-radiolysis method in an aqueous solution containing iron chloride in presence of polyvinyl alcohol and isopropanol as colloidal stabilizer and hydroxyl radical scavenger, respectively. Gamma irradiation was carried out in a 60Co gamma source chamber at different absorbed doses. Increasing the radiation dose above a certain critical dose (100 kGy) leads to particle agglomeration enhancement, and this can influence the structure and c...

Abedini, Alam; Daud, Abdul Razak; Abdul Hamid, Muhammad Azmi; Kamil Othman, Norinsan

2014-01-01

163

Biocompatibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles evaluated by in vitro cytotoxicity assays using normal, glia and breast cancer cells  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to reveal the biocompatibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and bipolar surfactant tetramethylammonium 11-aminoundecanoate cytotoxicity tests were performed as a function of concentration from low (0.1 ?g ml-1) to higher concentration (100 ?g ml-1) using various human glia, human breast cancer and normal cell lines. Cytotoxicity tests for human glia (D54MG, G9T, SF126, U87, U251, U373), human breast cancer (MB157, SKBR3, T47D) and normal (H184B5F5/M10, WI-38, SVGp12) cell lines exhibited almost nontoxicity and reveal biocompatibility of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the concentration range of 0.1-10 ?g ml-1, while accountable cytotoxicity can be seen at 100 ?g ml-1. The results of our studies suggest that Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with bipolar surfactant tetramethylammonium 11-aminoundecanoate are biocompatible and promising for bio-applications such as drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic hyperthermia.

164

One-Pot Green Synthesis and Bioapplication ofl-Arginine-Capped Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

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Full Text Available Abstract Water-solublel-arginine-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using a one-pot and green method. Nontoxic, renewable and inexpensive reagents including FeCl3,l-arginine, glycerol and water were chosen as raw materials. Fe3O4 nanoparticles show different dispersive states in acidic and alkaline solutions for the two distinct forms of surface bindingl-arginine. Powder X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to identify the structure of Fe3O4 nanocrystals. The products behave like superparamagnetism at room temperature with saturation magnetization of 49.9 emu g?1 and negligible remanence or coercivity. In the presence of 1-ethyl-3-(dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride, the anti-chloramphenicol monoclonal antibodies were connected to thel-arginine-capped magnetite nanoparticles. The as-prepared conjugates could be used in immunomagnetic assay. (See supplementary material 1 Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9480-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. Click here for file

Lai Yongchao

2009-01-01

165

?-Cyclodextrin coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: a simple preparation and application for selective oxidation of alcohols in water  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Um catalisador magnético foi sintetizado via proceso de ativação da carboimida em ?-ciclodextrina funcionalizada com nanopartículas core-shell (Fe3O4/SiO2/CM-?-CD). O catalisador apresenta elevada atividade na oxidação seletiva de vários álcoois usando NaOCl como oxidante e água como solvente. Foi o [...] btido um processo seletivo na ausência de metal de transição e de fácil separação do catalisador. Abstract in english A magnetically separable catalyst was synthesized via a carbodiimide activation process with ?-cyclodextrin functionalized by core-shell nanoparticles (Fe3O4/SiO2/CM-?-CD). The catalyst presented high activity for selective oxidation of various alcohols with NaOCl as oxidant and water only as the so [...] lvent. A substrate-selective and transition metal-free process was achieved with easy separation of the catalyst.

Jie, Zhu; Peng-cheng, Wang; Ming, Lu.

2013-01-01

166

Electrochemical detection of short HIV sequences on chitosan/Fe3O4 nanoparticle based screen printed electrodes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, a novel CS/Fe3O4 nanobiocomposite-based platform for electrochemical detection of HIV-1 was developed. The most attractive feature of this system is a suitable microenvironment (Fe3O4 nanoparticles) which could contribute to electron transfer and thus sensitivity enhancement when using methylene blue (MB) as an external mediator and Square Wave Voltammetry (SWV), Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The proposed screen printed electrode (SPE) had a low detection limit (as low as 50 pM), acceptable stability and good reproducibility, which would be valuable for clinical diagnosis. In addition, this sensing interface may be feasibly adapted for multiplexed detection of other species of bacterial pathogens.

167

Beyond Yolk-Shell Nanoparticles: Fe3O4@Fe3C Core@Shell Nanoparticles as Yolks and Carbon Nanospindles as Shells for Efficient Lithium Ion Storage.  

Science.gov (United States)

To well address the problems of large volume change and dissolution of Fe3O4 nanomaterials during Li(+) intercalation/extraction, herein we demonstrate a one-step in situ nanospace-confined pyrolysis strategy for robust yolk-shell nanospindles with very sufficient internal void space (VSIVS) for high-rate and long-term lithium ion batteries (LIBs), in which an Fe3O4@Fe3C core@shell nanoparticle is well confined in the compartment of a hollow carbon nanospindle. This particular structure can not only introduce VSIVS to accommodate volume change of Fe3O4 but also afford a dual shell of Fe3C and carbon to restrict Fe3O4 dissolution, thus providing dual roles for greatly improving the capacity retention. As a consequence, Fe3O4@Fe3C-C yolk-shell nanospindles deliver a high reversible capacity of 1128.3 mAh g(-1) at even 500 mA g(-1), excellent high rate capacity (604.8 mAh g(-1) at 2000 mA g(-1)), and prolonged cycling life (maintaining 1120.2 mAh g(-1) at 500 mA g(-1) for 100 cycles) for LIBs, which are much better than those of Fe3O4@C core@shell nanospindles and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The present Fe3O4@Fe3C-C yolk-shell nanospindles are the most efficient Fe3O4-based anode materials ever reported for LIBs. PMID:25716070

Zhang, Jianan; Wang, Kaixi; Xu, Qun; Zhou, Yunchun; Cheng, Fangyi; Guo, Shaojun

2015-03-24

168

Scalable synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles anchored on graphene as a high-performance anode for lithium ion batteries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a scalable strategy to synthesize Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries. In this study, ferric citrate is used as precursor to prepare Fe3O4 nanoparticles without introducing additional reducing agent; furthermore and show that such Fe3O4 nanoparticles can be anchored on graphene sheets which attributed to multifunctional group effect of citrate. Electrochemical characterization of the Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites exhibit large reversible capacity (?1347 mA h g?1 at a current density of 0.2 C up to 100 cycles, and subsequent capacity of ?619 mA h g?1 at a current density of 2 C up to 200 cycles), as well as high coulombic efficiency (?97%), excellent rate capability, and good cyclic stability. High resolution transmission electron microscopy confirms that Fe3O4 nanoparticles, with a size of ?4–16 nm are densely anchored on thin graphene sheets, resulting in large synergetic effects between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and graphene sheets with high electrochemical performance. - Graphical abstract: The reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and the deposition of Fe3O4 on graphene sheets occur simultaneously using citrate function as reductant and anchor agent in this reaction process. Highlights: ? Fe3O4/graphene composites are synthesized directly from graphene and C6H5FeO7. ? The citrate function as reductant and anchor agent in this reaction process. ? The resulting Fe3O4 particles (?4–16 nm) are densely anchored on graphene sheets. ? The prepared Fe3O4/graphene composites exhibit excellent electrochemical performance

169

Rapid and highly efficient preconcentration of Eu(III) by core-shell structured Fe3O4@humic acid magnetic nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, humic acid-coated Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles (Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs) were synthesized using a chemical coprecipitation method and characterized in detail. The XRD analysis results showed that HA coating did not change the phase of Fe(3)O(4) cores. The TEM image suggested that Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs had nearly uniform size without the observation of aggregation. The Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs were stable in solution and could be easily separated from aqueous solution using a magnetic separation method. A batch technique was adopted to investigate the removal efficiency of Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs toward Eu(III) under various environmental conditions. The kinetic process of Eu(III) sorption on Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs reached equilibrium within sorption kinetics and high sorption amount were attributed to the plentiful surface sites provided by the surface-coated HA macromolecules. The Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs was able to remove ~99% of Eu(III) in aqueous solution at pH 8.5. Except for SO(4)(2-) anions, the coexisting electrolyte ions had no significant competition effects on the removal of Eu(III) by Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs. The obvious sorption-desorption hysteresis suggested that the removal of Eu(III) was dominated by inner-sphere surface complexation. The sorption isotherm agreed well with the Langmuir model, having a maximum sorption capacity of 6.95 × 10(-5) mol g(-1). The leaching test showed that the Eu(III)-loaded Fe(3)O(4)@HA colloids were capable to maintain high thermodynamic stability for long aging times. The findings herein suggested that Fe(3)O(4)@HA MNPs could be potentially used as a highly effective material for the enrichment and preconcentration of radionuclide Eu(III) or other trivalent lanthanides/actinides in geological repositories or in nuclear waste management. PMID:23182180

Yang, Shitong; Zong, Pengfei; Ren, Xuemei; Wang, Qi; Wang, Xiangke

2012-12-01

170

Fe3O4 nanoparticles with daunorubicin induce apoptosis through Caspase-8/PARP pathway and inhibit K562 leukemia cell-induced tumor growth in vivo  

OpenAIRE

Nanomaterials can enhance the delivery and treatment efficiency of anti-cancer drugs, but the mechanisms of the tumor-reducing activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with daunorubicin have not been established. Here we investigate the synergistic effects of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with daunorubicin on the induction of apoptosis using K562 leukemia cells. Fe3O4 nanoparticles increased the ability of daunorubicin to induce apoptosis in both adriamycin-sensitive and adriamycin-resistant K562 cells through ...

Zhang, Gen; Lai, Bin Bin; Zhou, Yan Yan; Chen, Bao An; Wang, Xue Mei; Lu, Qun; Chen, Yan-hua

2011-01-01

171

Preparation and characterization of Fe3O4 magnetic nano-particles modified with poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) by UV irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were modified with poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) under UV irradiation. It has been found that the diameter with narrow distribution of the modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles measured by PCS in aqueous solution can be controlled easily by changing concentration of monomer NIPAM and cross-linker MBA, temperature and time. It has been also shown that the modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles are featured by lower critical solution temperature (LCST) while the temperature varies from 25 degree C to 39 degree C. This may suggest promising application of the nanopartucles in medicine. (authors)

172

Preparation and characterization of 18-crown-ether-6/LA/Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles  

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Fe3O4 Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have the advantages of large specific surface area, high adsorption capacity, and conveniently magnetic separation. Crown ether display good selectivity of coordination with uranyl ion, thorium ion and so on. To combine the feature and advantage, this study prepared for 18-Crown-ether-6/LA/Fe3O4 magnetic particles which with high adsorption and selectivity properties and easy to separate from wastewater with magnet. The structure was characterized with IR, SEM, VSM, DGA and so on. The results reveal that: 18-Crown-ether-6/LA/ Fe3O4 magnetic particles was size of (12-23) nm, saturation magnetization was 56.338 emu/g with superparamagnetism and strong antioxidant properties. A test for the adsorption of the magnetic particles with uranyl ion and thorium ion has been carried out. The results indicated that the magnetic particles had good adsorption capacity, quick efficient and conveniently magnetic separation. It can be used repeatedly, with a good reproducibility. (authors)

173

The Effect of Emulation Formulation to Encapsulation of Fe3O4 Magnetic nanoparticle with Poly (Lactic Acid)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research to study the effect of emulsion formulation to encapsulation Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle with Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) has been done. Microemulsion by ultrasonic probe is used in encapsulation process and continued by solvent evaporation. Emulsion formulation has been varied by changing oil phase volume in the oil in water (o/w) emulsion system from 6 mL, 8 mL, 10 mL, 12 mL and 14 mL, whereas water phase volume is constant (55 mL). Sample characterization is carried on by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to know the morphology and sample size. X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD) is used to identify the phase, Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) is used to measure magnetic saturation while Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) is used to measure encapsulation percentage of Fe3O4 with PLA. The smallest nanosphere is resulted by emulsion formulation (o/w) of 14/55 with the main sample size 382 nm. The maximum magnetic saturation of Fe3O4 + PLA nanosphere is 2.556 emu/g and encapsulation percentage is 24.94 %. (author)

174

Surfactant-enhanced spectrofluorimetric determination of total aflatoxins from wheat samples after magnetic solid-phase extraction using modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The extraction and preconcentration of total aflatoxins (including aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, and G2) using magnetic nanoparticles based solid phase extraction (MSPE) followed by surfactant-enhanced spectrofluorimetric detection was proposed. Ethylene glycol bis-mercaptoacetate modified silica coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an efficient antibody-free adsorbent was successfully applied to extract aflatoxins from wheat samples. High surface area and strong magnetization properties of magnetic nanoparticles were utilized to achieve high enrichment factor (97), and satisfactory recoveries (92-105%) using only 100mg of the adsorbent. Furthermore, the fast separation time (less than 10min) avoids many time-consuming cartridge loading or column-passing procedures accompany with the conventional SPE. In determination step, signal enhancement was performed by formation of Triton X-100 micelles around the analytes in 15% (v/v) acetonitrile-water which dramatically increase the sensitivity of the method. Main factors affecting the extraction efficiency and signal enhancement of the analytes including pH of sample solution, desorption conditions, extraction time, sample volume, adsorbent amount, surfactant concentration and volume and time of micelle formation were evaluated and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, wide linear range of 0.1-50ngmL(-1) with low detection limit of 0.03ngmL(-1) were obtained. The developed method was successfully applied to the extraction and preconcentration of aflatoxins in three commercially available wheat samples and the results were compared with the official AOAC method. PMID:25804513

Manafi, Mohammad Hanif; Allahyari, Mehdi; Pourghazi, Kamyar; Amoli-Diva, Mitra; Taherimaslak, Zohreh

2015-07-01

175

Dependence of pH and surfactant effect in the synthesis of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and its properties  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nanoparticles of Fe3O4 were synthesized by co-precipitation in an aqueous solution containing ferrous and ferric salts (1:2) at varying pH with ammonia as a base. It was found that the value of pH influences the reaction mechanism for the formation of Fe3O4. Furthermore, the addition of mercaptoethanol significantly reduced the crystalline size of Fe3O4 nanoparticles from 15.03 to 8.02 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra revealed that the synthesized nanoparticles were ?-Fe2O3 or Fe3O4 phase. To further prove the composition of the product, as-prepared Fe3O4 were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Magnetic properties of the obtained particles were determined by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Further analysis of the X-ray studies shows that while maintaining a pH value of 6 and 9 in a solution containing iron salts II and III ions produces ?-Fe2O3. Whereas a pH value of 11 produces magnetite (Fe3O4) phase. All of these results show that the pH has a major role in the observed phase formation of (Fe3O4) nanoparticles.

176

Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions using Fe3O4, ZnO, and CuO nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study investigated the removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+ from aqueous solutions with novel nanoparticle sorbents (Fe3O4, ZnO, and CuO) using a range of experimental approaches, including, pH, competing ions, sorbent masses, contact time, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The images showed that Fe3O4, ZnO, and CuO particles had mean diameters of about 50 nm (spheroid), 25 nm (rod shape), and 75 nm (spheroid), respectively. Tests were performed under batch conditions to determine the adsorption rate and uptake at equilibrium from single and multiple component solutions. The maximum uptake values (sum of four metals) in multiple component solutions were 360.6, 114.5, and 73.0 mg g?1, for ZnO, CuO, and Fe3O4, respectively. Based on the average metal removal by the three nanoparticles, the following order was determined for single component solutions: Cd2+ > Pb2+ > Cu2+ > Ni2+, while the following order was determined in multiple component solutions: Pb2+ > Cu2+ > Cd2+ > Ni2+. Sorption equilibrium isotherms could be described using the Freundlich model in some cases, whereas other isotherms did not follow this model. Furthermore, a pseudo-second order kinetic model was found to correctly describe the expewas found to correctly describe the experimental data for all nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray before and after metal sorption, and soil solution saturation indices showed that the main mechanism of sorption for Cd2+ and Pb2+ was adsorption, whereas both Cu2+ and Ni2+ sorption were due to adsorption and precipitation. These nanoparticles have potential for use as efficient sorbents for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions and ZnO nanoparticles were identified as the most promising sorbent due to their high metal uptake.

177

Magnetic and optical properties of Ag@SiO2-FITC-Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: • New magnetic/fluorescent nanoparticles were synthesized. • The silver core led to a maximum 4-fold enhanced fluorescence of fluorophore. • Maximum enhancement factor was obtained when metal-fluorophore distance is 5 nm. • Magnetism and fluorescence appeared simultaneously for nanoparticles in solution. -- Abstract: Nanoparticles composed of a silver core coated with a silica shell (Ag@SiO2) were prepared. A dye, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), was further encapsulated during the growth of a second silica shell onto Ag@SiO2 nanoparticles. The proximity of silver nanoparticles led to a 4-fold maximal enhancement in the fluorescence of FITC when the first silica shell thickness was set at 5 nm. After amino-functionalization of Ag@SiO2-FITC nanoparticles, iron oxide nanoparticles were bonded to their surface. The magnetic and metal-enhanced fluorescence properties appeared simultaneously when Ag@SiO2-FITC-Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticles were dispersed in a solution

178

Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Horseradish Peroxidase Immobilized in a DNA/Chitosan-Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticle Bio-Complex Film  

OpenAIRE

A DNA/chitosan-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle bio-complex film was constructed for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on a glassy carbon electrode. HRP was simply mixed with DNA, chitosan and Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and then applied to the electrode surface to form an enzyme-incorporated polyion complex film. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the surface features of DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4/HRP layer. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) show that...

Tingting Gu; Jianli Wang; Hongqi Xia; Si Wang; Xiaoting Yu

2014-01-01

179

A novel solvethermal method for the preparation of magnetic monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles II: High-surface-activity ferrihydrite used as precursor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Graphical abstract: The magnetic monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by novel solvethemal method at moderate temperature using high surface active ferrihydrit and iron powder as precursors in orgnic solvent. - Highlights: • Facile synthesis of organic ligands-coated monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles at low temperature. • Low-cost high surface active ferrihydrit and reductive iron powder were used as precursors. • N2-free reaction environment. • Organic ligands act as reductive. - Abstract: Magnetic monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared from ferrihydrite and iron powder by a novel solvethermal method at moderate temperatures in aqueous and organic solvent media. The effects of temperature and solvent medium on the phase and particle size of Fe3O4 NPs were investigated. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry–thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry. At 120 °C in the organic medium, uniform organic-ligand-coated superparamagnetic Fe3O4 NPs were produced; the particle size increased with the temperature, and the calculated mean particle size was 8.9 nm. At 180 °C in the aqueous medium, pure-phase Fe3O4 was obtained. Thus, the organic solvent did not only serve as a solvent but also participated in the reaction. Fe3O4 production in the aqueous and organic solvent media had different mechanisms

180

One-step synthesis of water-dispersible ultra-small Fe3O4 nanoparticles as contrast agents for T1 and T2 magnetic resonance imaging  

Science.gov (United States)

Uniform, highly water-dispersible and ultra-small Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized via a modified one-step coprecipitation approach. The prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles not only show good magnetic properties, long-term stability in a biological environment, but also exhibit good biocompatibility in cell viability and hemolysis assay. Due to the ultra-small sized and highly water-dispersibility, they exhibit excellent relaxivity properties, the 1.7 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles reveal a low r2/r1 ratio of 2.03 (r1 = 8.20 mM-1 s-1, r2 = 16.67 mM-1 s-1) and the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles also appear to have a low r2/r1 ratio of 4.65 (r1 = 6.15 mM-1 s-1, r2 = 28.62 mM-1 s-1). This demonstrates that the proposed ultra-small Fe3O4 nanoparticles have great potential as a new type of T1 magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Especially, the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles, have a competitive r1 value and r2 value compared to commercial contrasting agents such as Gd-DTPA (r1 = 4.8 mM-1 s -1), and SHU-555C (r2 = 69 mM-1 s-1). In vitro and in vivo imaging experiments, show that the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibit great contrast enhancement, long-term circulation, and low toxicity, which enable these ultra-small sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles to be promising as T1 and T2 dual contrast agents in clinical settings.Uniform, highly water-dispersible and ultra-small Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized via a modified one-step coprecipitation approach. The prepared Fe3O4 nanoparticles not only show good magnetic properties, long-term stability in a biological environment, but also exhibit good biocompatibility in cell viability and hemolysis assay. Due to the ultra-small sized and highly water-dispersibility, they exhibit excellent relaxivity properties, the 1.7 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles reveal a low r2/r1 ratio of 2.03 (r1 = 8.20 mM-1 s-1, r2 = 16.67 mM-1 s-1) and the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles also appear to have a low r2/r1 ratio of 4.65 (r1 = 6.15 mM-1 s-1, r2 = 28.62 mM-1 s-1). This demonstrates that the proposed ultra-small Fe3O4 nanoparticles have great potential as a new type of T1 magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Especially, the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles, have a competitive r1 value and r2 value compared to commercial contrasting agents such as Gd-DTPA (r1 = 4.8 mM-1 s -1), and SHU-555C (r2 = 69 mM-1 s-1). In vitro and in vivo imaging experiments, show that the 2.2 nm sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles exhibit great contrast enhancement, long-term circulation, and low toxicity, which enable these ultra-small sized Fe3O4 nanoparticles to be promising as T1 and T2 dual contrast agents in clinical settings. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c3nr05550g

Wang, Guannan; Zhang, Xuanjun; Skallberg, Andreas; Liu, Yaxu; Hu, Zhangjun; Mei, Xifan; Uvdal, Kajsa

2014-02-01

181

Green Biosynthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Iron Oxide (Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Using Seaweed (Sargassum muticum Aqueous Extract  

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Full Text Available The synthesis of nanoparticles has become a matter of great interest in recent times due to their various advantageous properties and applications in a variety of fields. The exploitation of different plant materials for the biosynthesis of nanoparticles is considered a green technology because it does not involve any harmful chemicals. In this study, iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs were synthesized using a rapid, single step and completely green biosynthetic method by reduction of ferric chloride solution with brown seaweed (BS, Sargassum muticum water extract containing sulphated polysaccharides as a main factor which acts as reducing agent and efficient stabilizer. The structural and properties of the Fe3O4-NPs were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (EDXRF, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM and transmission electron microscopy. The average particle diameter as determined by TEM was found to be 18 ± 4 nm. X-ray diffraction showed that the nanoparticles are crystalline in nature, with a cubic shape. The nanoparticles synthesized through this biosynthesis method can potentially useful in various applications.

Rosfarizan Mohamad

2013-05-01

182

Recyclable enzyme mimic of cubic Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded on graphene oxide-dispersed carbon nanotubes with enhanced peroxidase-like catalysis and electrocatalysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fe3O4 nanoparticles as nanocatalysts may present peroxidase-like catalysis activities and high electrocatalysis if loaded on conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) supports; however, their catalysis performances in an aqueous system might still be challenged by the poor aqueous dispersion of hydrophobic carbon supports and/or low stability of loaded iron catalysts. In this work, amphiphilic graphene oxide nanosheets were employed as “surfactant” to disperse CNTs to create stable graphene oxide-dispersed CNT (GCNT) supports in water for covalently loading cubic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with improved distribution and binding efficiency. Compared with original Fe3O4 nanos and CNT-loaded Fe3O4 nanocomplex, the prepared GCNT–Fe3O4 nanocomposite could achieve higher aqueous stability and, especially, much stronger peroxidase-like catalysis and electrocatalysis to H2O2, presumably resulting from the synergetic effects of two conductive carbon supports and cubic Fe3O4 nanocatalysts effectively loaded. Colorimetric and direct electrochemical detections of H2O2 and glucose using the GCNT–Fe3O4 nanocomposite were conducted with high detection sensitivities, demonstrating the feasibility of practical sensing applications. Such a magnetically recyclable “enzyme mimic” may circumvent some disadvantages of natural protein enzymes and common inorganic catalysts, featuring the multi-functions of high peroxidase-like catalysis, strong electrocatalysis, magnetic separation/recyclability, environmental stability, and direct H2O2 electrochemistry.

Wang, Hua; Li, Shuai; Si, Yanmei; Sun, Zhongzhao; Li, Shuying; Lin, Yuehe

2014-01-01

183

Determination of concentration of 3-aminopropylsilane on surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A technique for the quantitative analysis of 3-aminopropylsilane on the surface of modified Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in the concentration range of 0.32-3.03 mmol/g was developed using the infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. The technique is based on a ratio of areas of the bands corresponding to Fe-O bond vibrations of the core and to Si-O bond vibrations of the shell depending on silicon mass fraction in the analyzed nanocomposite. The fraction was measured by the inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry. (authors)

184

FMR study of carbon nanotubes filled with Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Ordered arrays of carbon nanotubes were produced using a non-catalytic chemical vapour deposition. The multiwall nanotubes with an inner diameter of 120 nm were grown inside porous alumina templates and then filled with a magnetic colloid of 7.5 nm Fe3O4 particles. X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) were used to characterize structural and magnetic properties of the grown samples. To estimate the filling factor from the angular dependence of the FMR resonance field, we have derived an effective demagnetization factor for our system using the formalism proposed by Skomsky and Dubowik. Angular dependence of the FMR line width allows one to conclude about the non-uniform filling, while temperature dependent measurements reflect typical features of a superparamagnetic resonance.

Kopyl, S.; Timopheev, A. A.; Bystrov, V. S.; Bdikin, I.; Teixeira, B. M. S.; Maevskij, E.; Sobolev, N. A.; Sousa, A. C. M.

2014-05-01

185

A study on the magnetic and photoluminescence properties of Eu(n+) and Sm3+ doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, Eu(n+), Sm3+ doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared via solvothermal method, in which Ferric chloride is used as the iron source, and anhydrous EuCl3, SmCl3 as doping source. Eu, Sm valence in doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and effects of Eu, Sm doping amount on their structure, morphology, magnetic properties and PL properties were discussed. The results show, the Eu ions had doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles in the mixed-valence state, when the Eu and Sm doping amount were increased, the doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles changed from hollow nanospheres into spherical particles, and finally changed into uniform cube-shaped particles with 13 nm in diameter. Moreover, the doping sites for doping ions in doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles were discussed from Rietveld analysis of XRD pattern of the doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles. And the changes of the magnetic and PL properties with the doping amount were further discussed. It was found that higher Sm(3+)-doping amount led to stronger magnetic dipole transitions, while the Eu(n+)-doping amount had little effect on the magnetic dipole transitions, thus resulting in different changes in their saturation magnetization with doping amount. PMID:22905509

Huan, Weiwei; Cheng, Chao; Yang, Yuxiang; Yuan, Hongming; Li, Yongxia

2012-06-01

186

Investigation of electric field effect on the third order nonlinear optical properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles-doped nematic liquid crystal  

Science.gov (United States)

Third order nonlinearity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) doped in nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) was evaluated due to laser induced self-phase modulation. The influence of electric field on the nonlinear optical responses of the NLCs doped with Fe3O4 NPs was considered in different voltages. The measurements were performed for two commonly initial alignments (homogeneous and homeotropic) with different small compositional percentages of magnetic NPs. The experimental results show that the homogenous- aligned cell was considerably affected on the applied electric field while the nonlinearity of homeotropic-aligned NLCs with the Fe3O4 NPs did not approximately change in the presence of electric field.

Dehghani, Z.; Saievar Iranizad, E.; Nadafan, M.

2015-01-01

187

The optimum conditions for synthesis of Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles for photodegradation of phenol  

OpenAIRE

The photocatalysis of phenol was studied using Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). The photocatalysts were synthesized by coating of ZnO onto the magnetite by precipitation method and characterized by XRD, SEM and FTIR measurements. Using the Taguchi method, this study analyzes the effect of parameters such as calcinations time, calcinations temperature and molar ratio of Fe3O4:ZnO on the photo activity of Fe3O4/ZnO MNPs. XRD and FTIR analysis confirm that coating process was ...

Nikazar, Manouchehr; Alizadeh, Mehriana; Lalavi, Reza; Rostami, Mohammad Hossein

2014-01-01

188

Facile preparation of one-dimensional wrapping structure: graphene nanoscroll-wrapped of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its application for lithium-ion battery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Graphene nanoscroll (GNS) is a spirally wrapped two-dimensional (2D) graphene sheet (GS) with a 1D tubular structure resembling that of a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). GNS provide open structure at both ends and interlayer galleries that can be easily intercalated and adjusted, which show great potential applications in energy storage. Here we demonstrate a novel and simple strategy for the large-scale preparation of GNSs wrapping Fe3O4 nanoparticles (denoted as Fe3O4@GNSs) from graphene oxide (GO) sheets by cold quenching in liquid nitrogen. When a heated aqueous mixed suspension of GO sheets and Fe3O4 nanoparticles is immersed in liquid nitrogen, the in-situ wrapping of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with GNSs is easily realized. The structural conversion is closely correlated with the initial temperature of mixed suspension, the zeta potential of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the immersion way. Remarkably, such hybrid structure provides the right combination of electrode properties for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Compared with other wrapping structure, such 1D wrapping structure (GNSs wrapping) effectively limits the volume expansion of Fe3O4 nanoparticles during the cycling process, consequently, a high reversible capacity, good rate capability, and excellent cyclic stability are achieved with the material as anode for lithium storage. The results presented here may pave a way for the large-scale preparation of GNS-based materials in electrochemical energy storage applications. PMID:24826777

Zhao, Jinping; Yang, Bingjun; Zheng, Zongmin; Yang, Juan; Yang, Zhi; Zhang, Peng; Ren, Wencai; Yan, Xingbin

2014-06-25

189

A novel green synthesis of Fe3O4-Ag core shell recyclable nanoparticles using Vitis vinifera stem extract and its enhanced antibacterial performance  

Science.gov (United States)

We described a novel and eco-friendly method for preparing Fe3O4-Ag core shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) with high magnetism and potent antibacterial activity. The Fe3O4-Ag CSNPs were obtained using waste material of Vitis vinifera (grape) stem extract as the green solvent, reducing and capping agent. The result recorded from X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), UV-vis spectrum, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) supports the biosynthesis and characterization of Fe3O4-Ag CSNPs. From transmission electron microscopy (TEM) the size of the Fe3O4-Ag nanoparticles was measured below 50 nm; high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) indicates the core shell structure; and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) has revealed polycrystalline nature. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) shows the ferromagnetic nature of Fe3O4-Ag CSNPs at room temperature with saturation magnetization of 15.74 emu/g. Further, these biogenic nanoparticles were highly hazardous to microorganisms. The antibacterial activity of biogenic Fe3O4-Ag CSNPs showed potent inhibitory activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. These nanoparticles may also be reusable because of its excellent ferromagnetic property.

Venkateswarlu, Sada; Natesh Kumar, B.; Prathima, B.; Anitha, K.; Jyothi, N. V. V.

2015-01-01

190

The induction of maturation on dendritic cells by TiO2 and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2) nanoparticles via NF-?B signaling pathway.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nanomaterials are increasingly used in many fields, including drug vectors and vaccine formulation. In this study, nano-TiO(2) and magnetic Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2) were synthesized and their abilities to activate dendritic cells were investigated. The signaling pathway involved in their effects on the cellular functions was also explored. First, nano-TiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2) were prepared with diameters of 82nm and 63nm, and zeta potentials of 41.5mV and 30.2mV, respectively. The magnetic property of Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2) was detected to be 12.9emu/g. Both kinds of nanoparticles were proved to have good biocompatibility in vitro. Second, the exposure of nano-TiO2 and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)caused an increased expression of TNF-?, CD86 and CD80, and besides, Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)showed a certain up-regulation on MHC-II. The cellular uptake of Ovalbumin on BMDCs could be strongly improved by nano-TiO2 and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)as detected via flow cytometer and confocal observation. Further investigation revealed that nano-TiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)significantly increased the NF-?B expression in the nucleus, indicating that the NF-?B signaling pathway was involved in the dendritic cell maturation. Our results suggested that nano-TiO(2) and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)may function as a useful vector to promote vaccine delivery in immune cells, and Fe(3)O(4)@TiO(2)provided a possibility to deliver and track vaccines via its magnetofection. PMID:24863229

Zhu, Rongrong; Zhu, Yanjing; Zhang, Min; Xiao, Yu; Du, Xiling; Liu, Hui; Wang, Shilong

2014-06-01

191

Preparation and characterization of magnetic Fe3O 4/CNT nanoparticles by RPO method to enhance the efficient removal of Cr(VI).  

Science.gov (United States)

This work described a novel method for the synthesis of high-ferromagnetism nanoparticles (Fe3O4/CNTs) to efficiently remove Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The Fe3O4/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were prepared by in situ reduction with post-oxidation method by using cheap and environmentally friendly precursor under mild condition. Magnetic hysteresis loops revealed that Fe3O4/CNTs had superior saturation magnetization (152 emu/g), enabling the highly efficient recovery of Fe3O4/CNTs from aqueous solution by magnetic separation at low magnetic field gradients. FTIR, Raman, XPS, and TEM observations were employed to characterize the physical-chemical properties of Fe3O4/CNTs, demonstrating that CNTs were successfully coated with iron oxide matrix. The adsorption equilibrium of Cr(VI) on Fe3O4/CNTs was reached within 30 min. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm were chosen to analyze the equilibrium data. The results indicated that Langmuir model can well describe the equilibrium data with the maximum adsorption capacity of 47.98 mg/g at room temperature and 83.54 mg/g at 353 K. The adsorption capacity of Fe3O4/CNTs for Cr(VI) was greatly improved as compared to raw CNTs and other similar adsorbents reported. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model provided the best description of Cr(VI) adsorption on Fe3O4/CNTs. Most importantly, possible synthesis mechanism and Cr(VI) removal mechanism were explored. The results suggest that large amounts of Cr(VI) were adsorbed on Fe3O4/CNTs surface by substituting the surface position of -OH and then reducing it to Cr(OH)3 and Cr2O3. PMID:23644945

Chen, Runhua; Chai, Liyuan; Li, Qinzhu; Shi, Yan; Wang, Yangyang; Mohammad, Ali

2013-10-01

192

Dextran-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as a contrast agent in thermoacoustic tomography for hepatocellular carcinoma detection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography can provide a novel imaging modality for clinical detection. Significant progress has been made in the past several years in microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of using dextran-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as a contrast agent in thermoacoustic tomography for hepatocellular carcinoma detection. Dextran-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles administered intravenously are phagocytosed by resident Kupffer cells in normal reticuloendothelial system (RES) within the liver, but are not retained in tumor tissue. Consequently, there are significant differences in thermoacoustic signal intensity between normal RES and tumors, which result in increased lesion conspicuity and detectability. This provides the improvement of lesion-to-liver contrast for thermoacoustic tomography. A fast thermoacoustic computed tomography system with a multielement linear transducer array was used to image cancerous liver tissue with circular scanning. The results show that the system can provide molecular imaging with functionalized contrast agents for high-contrast detecting hepatocellular carcinoma and has the potential to become a novel approach for clinical diagnosis in the future.

193

Radiolytic formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles: influence of radiation dose on structure and magnetic properties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Colloidal Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using a gamma-radiolysis method in an aqueous solution containing iron chloride in presence of polyvinyl alcohol and isopropanol as colloidal stabilizer and hydroxyl radical scavenger, respectively. Gamma irradiation was carried out in a 60Co gamma source chamber at different absorbed doses. Increasing the radiation dose above a certain critical dose (100 kGy) leads to particle agglomeration enhancement, and this can influence the structure and crystallinity, and consequently the magnetic properties of the resultant particles. The optimal condition for formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a uniform and narrow size distribution occurred at a dose of 100 kGy, as confirmed by X-ray diffractometry and transmission electron microscopy. A vibrating sample magnetometry study showed that, when radiation dose increased, the saturation and remanence magnetization decreased, whereas the coercivity and the remanence ratio increased. This magnetic behavior results from variations in crystallinity, surface effects, and particle size effects, which are all dependent on the radiation dose. In addition, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was performed to investigate the nature of the bonds formed between the polymer chains and the metal surface at different radiation doses. PMID:24608715

Abedini, Alam; Daud, Abdul Razak; Abdul Hamid, Muhammad Azmi; Kamil Othman, Norinsan

2014-01-01

194

Synthesis of Fe3O4-ZnS/AgInS2 composite nanoparticles using a hydrophobic interaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic nanoparticles and fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) can make many effective applications in biomedical system. Here, we demonstrated one way of synthetic method and its surface modification to use for biomedical applications. Fe3O4 nanoparticles are well known as magnetic materials and its magnetic property can be used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cell detection. QDs as a fluorescent probes, make cell labeling and in vivo imaging possible. ZnS/AgInS2 QDs have a lower toxicity than other QDs (CdSe, CdTe, CdS). We combined two nanoparticles by hydrophobic interaction in their ligands. The prepared fluorescent magnetic composite particles were modified with CTAB-TEOS. The surface modified composite has a low cytotoxicity and these biocompatible particles will provide many possibilities in biomedical system. PMID:23755598

Choi, Kang Sik; Bang, Bo Keuk; Bae, Pan Kee; Kim, Yong-Rok; Kim, Chang Hae

2013-03-01

195

Immobilization of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on aminopropyl-functionalized silica-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in english Background: Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) from Amphibacillus sp. NPST-10 was successfully covalently immobilized on aminopropyl-functionalized silica coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles; and the properties of immobilized enzyme were investigated. The synthesis process included prepari [...] ng of core magnetic magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles using solvothermal synthesis; followed by coating of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with dense amino-functionalized silica (NH2-SiO2) layer using in situ functionalization method. The structure of synthesized Fe3O4@NH2-SiO2 nanoparticles was characterized using TEM, XRD, and FT-IR analysis. Fe3O4@NH2-SiO2 nanoparticles were further activated by gluteraaldehyde as bifunctional cross linker, and the activated nanoparticles were used for CGTase immobilization by covalent attachment. Results: Magnetite nanoparticles was successfully synthesized and coated with and amino functionalized silica layer (Fe3O4/NH2-SiO2), with particle size of 50-70 nm. The silica coated magnetite nanoparticles showed with saturation magnetization of 65 emug-1, and can be quickly recovered from the bulk solution using an external magnet within 10 sec. The activated support was effective for CGTase immobilization, which was confirmed by comparison of FT-IR spectra of free and immobilized enzyme. The applied approach for support preparation, activation, and optimization of immobilization conditions, led to high yields of CGTase immobilization (92.3%), activity recovery (73%), and loading efficiency (95.2%); which is one of the highest so far reported for CGTase. Immobilized enzyme showed shift in the optimal temperature from 50 to 55ºC, and significant enhancement in the thermal stability compared with free enzyme. The optimum pH for enzyme activity was pH 8 and pH 7.5 for free and immobilized CGTase, respectively, with slight improvement of pH stability of immobilized enzyme. Furthermore, kinetic studies revealed that immobilized CGTase had higher affinity toward substrate; with k m values of 1.18 ± 0.05 mg/ml and 1.75 ± 0.07 mg/ml for immobilized and free CGTase, respectively. Immobilized CGTase retained 87% and 67 of its initial activity after 5 and 10 repeated batches reaction, indicating that immobilized CGTase on Fe3O4/NH2-SiO2 had good durability and magnetic recovery. Conclusion: The improvement in kinetic and stability parameters of immobilized CGTase makes the proposed method a suitable candidate for industrial applications of CGTase. To best of our knowledge, this is the first report about CGTase immobilization on silica coated magnetite nanoparticles.

Abdelnasser S.S., Ibrahim; Ali A, Al-Salamah; Ahmed Mohamed, El-Toni; Mohamed A, El-Tayeb; Yahya B, Elbadawi.

2013-11-15

196

One-step synthesis Fe3N surface-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with excellent lithium storage ability  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Fe3N modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles with an excellent performance in lithium-ion batteries were prepared via a one-step and an efficient method. The layer of Fe3N could significantly decrease the variation of volume and enhance the conductivity of Fe3O4 simultaneously during the reaction of lithium ions in the charge-discharge process. There are two main advantages of this material: (1) their size distribution, ranging from 100 to 500 nm and (2) the fact that these particles are connected with each other by the Fe3N layer. These two features allow such material to exhibit a high reversible capacity of 739 and 620 mA h g?1 after each 60 cycles at the current density of 50 and 200 mA g?1, respectively. More importantly, since its introduction, this new concept of coating metal oxides with a layer of metal nitride to form core-shell structured metal oxide@metal nitride can be widely applied in the fields of catalysis, electrochemistry, energy, environmental and materials science with improved performance.

197

Compact Ag@Fe3O4 Core-shell Nanoparticles by Means of Single-step Thermal Decomposition Reaction  

Science.gov (United States)

A temperature pause introduced in a simple single-step thermal decomposition of iron, with the presence of silver seeds formed in the same reaction mixture, gives rise to novel compact heterostructures: brick-like Ag@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles. This novel method is relatively easy to implement, and could contribute to overcome the challenge of obtaining a multifunctional heteroparticle in which a noble metal is surrounded by magnetite. Structural analyses of the samples show 4 nm silver nanoparticles wrapped within compact cubic external structures of Fe oxide, with curious rectangular shape. The magnetic properties indicate a near superparamagnetic like behavior with a weak hysteresis at room temperature. The value of the anisotropy involved makes these particles candidates to potential applications in nanomedicine.

Brollo, Maria Eugênia F.; López-Ruiz, Román; Muraca, Diego; Figueroa, Santiago J. A.; Pirota, Kleber R.; Knobel, Marcelo

2014-10-01

198

The effect of initial alignment on the optical properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles doped in nematic liquid crystals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently the nonlinear effects of the different materials doped liquid crystals are more interesting. In all previous works, nonlinearity of samples with the homeotropic alignment is investigated because of the larger component of the refractive index in this direction. Here, there are spherical Fe3O4 nanoparticles that have both parallel and perpendicular components. We were looking for the effect of initial alignment on the nonlinearity of pure and doped nematic liquid crystals (NLCs). The experimental results emphasize, even the same compositional percentage of nanoparticles prepared by two different alignment configurations are showing different results when dispersed in the same NLCs. Comparing nonlinear studies, the magnitude of nonlinear refraction index, n2 and nonlinear absorption coefficient, ? increase 102 and 101 times, respectively, in homeotropic alignment samples and the sign of these parameters is changed rather than homogeneous ones

199

A novel magneto-fluorescent microsphere: Preparation and characterization of polystyrene-supported Fe3O4 and CdS nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Novel sulfonated polystyrene microsphere containing Fe3O4 and CdS nanoparticles have been prepared and characterized. A thorough structural characterization has been carried out by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, VSM data, EDS, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The presence of the magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4) and CdS nanoparticles on the polystyrene microspheres has been demonstrated. Cadmium diethyl dithiophosphate (CDDP) has been used as a 3 in 1 precursor (cadmium, sulfur, and ligand source) for the synthesis of high-quality CdS nanoparticles on polystyrene microsphere containing Fe3O4 nanoparticles. This novel composite exhibits both fluorescence and magnetism properties that may be used in a novel bioprobe.

200

Effect of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 2-methoxyestradiol on the cell-cycle progression and apoptosis of myelodysplastic syndrome cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to evaluate the potential benefit of combination therapy of 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME) and magnetic nanoparticles of Fe(3)O(4) (MNPs-Fe(3)O(4)) on myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) SKM-1 cells and its underlying mechanisms. The effect of the unique properties of tetraheptylammonium-capped MNPs-Fe(3)O(4) with 2ME on cytotoxicity was tested by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell-cycle distribution and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. The expression of cell-cycle marker protein was measured by Western blotting. Growth inhibition rate of SKM-1 cells treated with the 2ME-loaded MNPs-Fe(3)O(4) was enhanced when compared with 2ME alone. 2ME led to an increase of caspase-3 expression, followed by apoptosis, which was significantly increased when combined with an MNPs-Fe(3)O(4) carrier. Moreover, the copolymer of 2ME with MNPs- Fe(3)O(4) blocked a nearly two-fold increase in SKM-1 cells located in G(2)/M phase than in 2ME alone, which may be associated with an accompanying increase of p21 as well as a decrease in cyclin B1 and cdc2 expression, but there was no obvious difference between the MNPs-Fe(3)O(4) and control group. These findings suggest that the unique properties of MNPs-Fe(3)O(4) as a carrier for 2ME, a new anticancer agent currently in clinical trials, may be a logical strategy to enhance the therapeutic activity of MDS. PMID:21931487

Xia, Guohua; Chen, Baoan; Ding, Jiahua; Gao, Chong; Lu, Huixia; Shao, Zeye; Gao, Feng; Wang, Xuemei

2011-01-01

201

Selective adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by EDA-Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared from steel pickling waste liquor  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) prepared from steel pickling waste liquor were functionalized with ethylenediamine (EDA) to form EDA-Fe3O4 NPs for engineering applications. The obtained EDA-Fe3O4 NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface analyzer and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the EDA-Fe3O4 NPs had a crystalline structure with a particle size range of 20-50 nm and a BET surface area of 28 m2 g-1. Functionalization with EDA was able to improve the adsorption selectivity of Fe3O4 for Cr(VI) in Cr(VI)/Cl-or Cr(VI)/SO42- double-mixture systems. The adsorption isotherm data fitted better to the Langmuir adsorption model, and the adsorption kinetics was better described by the pseudo-second order equation. The spontaneous and endothermic characteristics of this adsorption reaction were confirmed by thermodynamic study. Based on the results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrostatic attraction and surface complexation between Cr(VI) and EDA-Fe3O4 NPs are postulated as mechanisms for the adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The EDA-Fe3O4 NPs retained a high adsorption capacity after several consecutive adsorption-desorption processes, indicating that EDA-Fe3O4 NPs serve as an excellent regenerable adsorbent for Cr(VI).

Fang, X. B.; Fang, Z. Q.; Tsang, P. K. E.; Cheng, W.; Yan, X. M.; Zheng, L. C.

2014-09-01

202

Preparation and characterization of magnetic nanoparticles containing Fe3O4-dextran- anti-?-human chorionic gonadotropin, a new generation choriocarcinoma-specific gene vector  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cai Jingting1,2, Liu Huining1, Zhang Yi11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gynecological Oncology, Hunan Tumor Hospital, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of ChinaObjective: To evaluate the feasibility of using magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG nanoparticles as a gene vector for cellular transfections.Study design: Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical coprecipitation. The configuration, diameter, and iron content of the nanoparticles were detected by transmission electron microscopy (TEM, light scatter, and atomic absorption spectrophotometry. A3-(4,5-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-y1-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect immunofluorescence were used to evaluate immunoreactivity. The efficiency of absorbing DNA and resisting deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I digestion when bound to Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles was examined by agarose gel electrophoresis. The ability of Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles to absorb heparanase antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODN nanoparticles in different cell lines was evaluated by flow cytometry. The tissue distribution of heparanase AS-ODN magnetic nanoparticles in choriocarcinoma tumors transplanted in nude mice was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.Results: TEM demonstrated that the shape of nanoparticles is irregular. Light scatter revealed nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 75.5 nm and an iron content of 37.5 µg/mL. No cytotoxicity was observed when the concentration of Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles was <37.5 µg/mL. Fe3O4-dextran nanoparticles have a satisfactory potential to combine with ?-HCG antibody. Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis of binding experiments showed that after treatment with sodium periodate, Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles have a satisfactory potential to absorb DNA, and the protection experiment showed that nanoparticles can effectively protect DNA from DNase I digestion. Aldehyde Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles can transfect reporter genes, and the transfection efficiency of these nanoparticles is greater than that of liposomes (P <0.05. Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles can concentrate in choriocarcinoma cells and in transplanted choriocarcinoma tumors.Conclusions: The results confirm that Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG nanoparticles have potential as a secure, effective, and choriocarcinoma-specific targeting gene vector.Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?-HCG, choriocarcinoma, targeting vector, gene vector

Cai Jingting

2011-02-01

203

Synthesis and functionalization of SiO2 coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles with amine groups based on self-assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this research was to synthesize amino modified Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoshells for biomedical applications. Magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared via co-precipitation. The NPs were then modified with a thin layer of amorphous silica. The particle surface was then terminated with amine groups. The results showed that smaller particles can be synthesized by decreasing the NaOH concentration, which in our case this corresponded to 35 nm using 0.9 M of NaOH at 750 rpm with a specific surface area of 41 m2 g?1 for uncoated Fe3O4 NPs and it increased to about 208 m2 g?1 for 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) coated Fe3O4/SiO2 NPs. The total thickness and the structure of core-shell was measured and studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). For uncoated Fe3O4 NPs, the results showed an octahedral geometry with saturation magnetization range of (80–100) emu g?1 and coercivity of (80–120) Oe for particles between (35–96) nm, respectively. The Fe3O4/SiO2 NPs with 50 nm as particle size, demonstrated a magnetization value of 30 emu g?1. The stable magnetic fluid contained well-dispersed Fe3O4/SiO2/APTS nanoshells which indicated monodispersity and fast magnetic response..

204

The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigate the effect of hydrodynamic particle size on the magnetic field induced light transmission and transmitted speckle pattern in water based ferrofluids containing functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles of size ranging from 15 to 46 nm. Three water-based magnetic nanofluids, containing Fe3O4 nanoparticles functionalized with poly-acrylic acid (PAA), tetra-methyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) and phosphate, are used in the present study. In all three cases, the transmitted light intensity starts decreasing above a certain magnetic field (called first critical field) and becomes a minimum at another field (second critical field). These two critical fields signify the onset of linear aggregation process and zippering transitions between fully grown chains, respectively. Both these critical fields shift towards a lower magnetic field with increasing hydrodynamic diameter, due to stronger magnetic dipolar interactions. The first and the second critical fields showed a power law dependence on the hydrodynamic diameters. The dipolar resonances occurring at certain values of the scatterer size, leads to the field induced extinction of light. Both the onset of chaining and zippering transitions were clearly evident in the time dependent transmitted light intensity. Above the first critical field, the lobe part of the transmitted intensity and the lobe speckle contrast values increase with increasing external magnetic field due to reduced Brownian motion of the field induced aggregates. The speckle contrast was highest for nanoparticle with the largest hydrodynamic diameter, due to reduced Brownian motion. These results provide better insight into field dependent light control in magnetic colloids, which may find interesting applications in magneto-optical devices.

Brojabasi, Surajit; Muthukumaran, T.; Laskar, J. M.; Philip, John

2015-02-01

205

Chitosan-coated ferrite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles as a T2 contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles coated with biocompatible chitosan were synthesized for use as an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) contrast agent. The coating was performed simultaneously with the synthesis of the ferrite nanoparticles. A dynamic light-scattering spectrometer (DLS) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to measure the average diameter of the coated nanoparticles, which was 67.0 nm. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) measurements showed strong bonding of the chitosan molecules to the surfaces of the ferrite nanoparticles. The spin-lattice (T1) and the spin-spin (T2) relaxation times of the nuclear spins (hydrogen protons) in aqueous solutions of various concentrations of coated ferrite nanoparticles were determined using a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer. Using these data, we found that the T1 and the T2 relaxivities of the nuclear spins in aqueous solutions of ferrite nanoparticles were 0.00291 and 0.0691 ppm-1sec-1, respectively. In particular, the value of the T2 relaxivity was much larger than that of the commercial contrast agent GD-DTPA (gadolinium diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid). A 31.7% intensity loss in the T2 image of a rabbit liver was observed after injecting the aqueous solution of coated nanoparticles into the rabbit, which shows that our coated ferrite nanoparticles can be used as a T22 MRI contrast agent.

206

Electrooxidation behavior of warfarin in Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified carbon paste electrode and its determination in real samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present work, a simple and sensitive electrochemical sensor based on magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) was introduced for detection of low level with 0.21?M of warfarin. Under the optimum experimental conditions the oxidation peak current of warfarin was used for its monitoring for the first time. The analytical curve was linear for warfarin concentrations from 0.5 to 1000?M with a limit of detection of 0.21?M by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). The proposed sensor showed excellent stability and was used for the determination of warfarin in tablet, human serum and urine with satisfactory results. PMID:25579919

Gholivand, Mohammad Bagher; Torkashvand, Maryam; Yavari, Eilnaz

2015-03-01

207

Preparation and in vitro evaluation of doxorubicin-loaded Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles modified with biocompatible copolymers  

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Full Text Available Abolfazl Akbarzadeh1, Haleh Mikaeili2, Nosratollah Zarghami3, Rahmati Mohammad3, Amin Barkhordari3, Soodabeh Davaran21Drug Applied Research Center, 2Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center of Tabriz, 3Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IranBackground: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are attractive materials that have been widely used in medicine for drug delivery, diagnostic imaging, and therapeutic applications. In our study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and the anticancer drug, doxorubicin hydrochloride, were encapsulated into poly (D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid poly (ethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG nanoparticles for local treatment. The magnetic properties conferred by superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles could help to maintain the nanoparticles in the joint with an external magnet.Methods: A series of PLGA:PEG triblock copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of D, L-lactide and glycolide with different molecular weights of polyethylene glycol (PEG2000, PEG3000, and PEG4000 as an initiator. The bulk properties of these copolymers were characterized using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. In addition, the resulting particles were characterized by x-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry.Results: The doxorubicin encapsulation amount was reduced for PLGA:PEG2000 and PLGA:PEG3000 triblock copolymers, but increased to a great extent for PLGA:PEG4000 triblock copolymer. This is due to the increased water uptake capacity of the blended triblock copolymer, which encapsulated more doxorubicin molecules into a swollen copolymer matrix. The drug encapsulation efficiency achieved for Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles modified with PLGA:PEG2000, PLGA:PEG3000, and PLGA:PEG4000 copolymers was 69.5%, 73%, and 78%, respectively, and the release kinetics were controlled. The in vitro cytotoxicity test showed that the Fe3O4-PLGA:PEG4000 magnetic nanoparticles had no cytotoxicity and were biocompatible.Conclusion: There is potential for use of these nanoparticles for biomedical application. Future work includes in vivo investigation of the targeting capability and effectiveness of these nanoparticles in the treatment of lung cancer.Keywords: superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, triblock copolymer, doxorubicin encapsulation, water uptake, drug encapsulation efficiency

Akbarzadeh A

2012-02-01

208

Amperometric glucose sensor based on enhanced catalytic reduction of oxygen using glucose oxidase adsorbed onto core-shell Fe3O4-silica-Au magnetic nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Monodisperse Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared under facile solvothermal conditions and successively functionalized with silica and Au to form core/shell Fe3O4-silica-Au NPs. Furthermore, the samples were used as matrix to construct a glucose sensor based on glucose oxidase (GOD). The immobilized GOD retained its bioactivity with high protein load of 3.92 × 10?9 mol·cm?2, and exhibited a surface-controlled quasi-reversible redox reaction, with a fast heterogeneous electron transfer rate of 7.98 ± 0.6 s?1. The glucose biosensor showed a broad linear range up to 3.97 mM with high sensitivity of 62.45 ?A·mM?1 cm?2 and fast response (less than 5 s). - Graphical abstract: Core-shell structured Fe3O4-silica-Au nanoparticles were prepared and used as matrix to construct an amperometric glucose sensor based on glucose oxidase, which showed broad linear range, high sensitivity, and fast response. Highlights: ? Synthesis of monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles. ? Fabrication of core/shell Fe3O4-silica-Au nanoparticles. ? Construction of a novel glucose sensor with wide linear range, high sensitivity and fast response.

209

Multifunctional nanocomposites of superparamagnetic (Fe3O4) and NIR-responsive rare earth-doped up-conversion fluorescent (NaYF4 : Yb,Er) nanoparticles and their applications in biolabeling and fluorescent imaging of cancer cells  

Science.gov (United States)

A new kind of magnetic/luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles was synthesized by covalently linking multiple carboxyl-functionalized superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and individual amino-functionalized silica-coated fluorescent NaYF4 : Yb,Er up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). The resultant nanocomposites bear active carboxylic and amino groups on the surface that were proved to be chemically active and useful for further facile bioconjugation with biomolecules. The UCNPs in the nanocomposite particles can emit visible light in response to the irradiation by near infrared (NIR) light, enabling the application of the nanocomposites in bioimaging. X-Ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, luminescence spectroscopy, and magnetometry were applied to characterize the multifunctional nanocomposites. The nanocomposites exhibited good superparamagnetic and excellent green up-conversion photoluminescent properties that can be exploited in magnetic separation and guiding as well as bioimaging. Due to the presence of active functional groups on the nanocomposite surface, the Fe3O4/NaYF4 : Yb,Er magnetic/luminescent nanocomposites were successfully conjugated with a protein called transferrin, which specifically recognizes the transferrin receptors overexpressed on HeLa cells, and can be employed for biolabeling and fluorescent imaging of HeLa cells. Because NIR light can penetrate biological samples with good depth without damaging them and can avoid autofluorescence from them, the presence of both NIR-responsive UCNPs and superparamagnetic nanoparticles in the nanocomposite particles will enable the practical application of the nanocomposites in bioimaging and separation.

Mi, Congcong; Zhang, Jingpu; Gao, Huanyu; Wu, Xianlong; Wang, Meng; Wu, Yingfan; di, Yueqin; Xu, Zhangrun; Mao, Chuanbin; Xu, Shukun

2010-07-01

210

Immobilization of Horseradish Peroxidase on NH2-Modified Magnetic Fe3O4/SiO2 Particles and Its Application in Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol  

OpenAIRE

Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by a co-precipitation method with the assistance of ultrasound irradiation, and then coated with silica generated by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane. The silica-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were further modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, resulting in anchoring of primary amine groups on the surface of the particles. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was then immobilized on the magnetic core-shell particles by using glutaraldehyde as a cross...

Qing Chang; Heqing Tang

2014-01-01

211

Novel electrochemical sensor based on N-doped carbon nanotubes and Fe3O4 nanoparticles: simultaneous voltammetric determination of ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid.  

Science.gov (United States)

A new modified electrode based on N-doped carbon nanotubes functionalized with Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@CNT-N) has been prepared and applied on the simultaneous electrochemical determination of small biomolecules such as dopamine (DA), uric acid (UA) and ascorbic acid (AA) using voltammetric methods. The unique properties of CNT-N and Fe3O4 nanoparticles individually and the synergetic effect between them led to an improved electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of AA, DA and UA. The overlapping anodic peaks of these three biomolecules could be resolved from each other due to their lower oxidation potentials and enhanced oxidation currents when using the Fe3O4@CNT-N modified electrode. The linear response ranges for the square wave voltammetric determination of AA, DA and UA were 5-235, 2.5-65 and 2.5-85?moldm(-3) with detection limit (S/N=3) of 0.24, 0.050 and 0.047?moldm(-3), respectively. These results show that Fe3O4@CNT-N nanocomposite is a promising candidate of cutting-edge electrode materials for electrocatalytic applications. PMID:25086716

Fernandes, Diana M; Costa, Marta; Pereira, Clara; Bachiller-Baeza, Belén; Rodríguez-Ramos, Inmaculada; Guerrero-Ruiz, Antonio; Freire, Cristina

2014-10-15

212

Facile one-pot synthesis of Fe3O4@Au composite nanoparticles for dual-mode MR/CT imaging applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

A facile one-pot hydrothermal approach to synthesizing Fe3O4@Au composite nanoparticles (CNPs) for dual-mode magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) imaging applications is reported. In this work, polyethyleneimine (PEI) partially modified with poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether (mPEG) was used as a stabilizer to form gold NPs (mPEG-PEI.NH2-Au NPs) with the assistance of sodium borohydride reduction. The mPEG-PEI.NH2-Au NPs were then mixed with iron(II) salt in a basic aqueous solution followed by treatment under an elevated temperature and pressure. This hydrothermal process led to the formation of Fe3O4@Au-mPEG-PEI.NH2 CNPs. The remaining PEI amine groups were finally acetylated to reduce the surface positive charge of the CNPs. The formed Fe3O4@Au-mPEG-PEI.NHAc (Fe3O4@Au) CNPs were characterized via different techniques. The combined in vitro cell viability assay, cell morphology observation, flow cytometry, and hemolysis assay data show that the formed Fe3O4@Au CNPs are noncytotoxic and hemocompatible in the given concentration range. MR and CT imaging data reveal that the formed Fe3O4@Au CNPs have a relatively high r2 relaxivity (146.07 mM(-1) s(-1)) and good X-ray attenuation property, which enables their uses as contrast agents for MR imaging of mouse liver and CT imaging of rat liver and aorta. The Fe3O4@Au CNPs developed via the facile one-pot approach may have promising potential for the dual-mode MR/CT imaging of different biological systems. PMID:24063810

Li, Jingchao; Zheng, Linfeng; Cai, Hongdong; Sun, Wenjie; Shen, Mingwu; Zhang, Guixiang; Shi, Xiangyang

2013-10-23

213

Humic acid coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as highly efficient Fenton-like catalyst for complete mineralization of sulfathiazole  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Humic acid coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4/HA) were prepared for the removal of sulfathiazole from aqueous media. Fe3O4/HA exhibited high activity to produce hydroxyl (·OH) radicals through catalytic decomposition of H2O2. The degradation of sulfathiazole was strongly temperature-dependent and favored in acidic solution. The catalytic rate was increased with Fe3O4/HA dosage and H2O2 concentration. When 3 g L-1 of Fe3O4/HA and 0.39 M of H2O2 were introduced to the aqueous solution, most sulfathiazole was degraded within 1 h, and >90% of total organic carbon (TOC) were removed in the reaction period (6 h). The major final products were identified as environmentally friendly ions or inorganic molecules (SO42-, CO2, and N2). The corresponding degradation rate (k) of sulfathiazole and TOC was 0.034 and 0.0048 min-1, respectively. However, when 3 g L-1 of bare Fe3O4 were used as catalyst, only 54% of TOC was eliminated, and SO42- was not detected within 6 h. The corresponding degradation rate for sulfathiazole and TOC was 0.01 and 0.0016 min-1, respectively. The high catalytic ability of Fe3O4/HA may be caused by the electron transfer amoay be caused by the electron transfer among the complexed Fe(II)-HA or Fe(III)-HA, leading to rapid regeneration of Fe(II) species and production of ·OH radicals.

214

Characterisation of Co@Fe3O4 core@shell nanoparticles using advanced electron microscopy  

OpenAIRE

Cobalt nanoparticles were synthesised via the thermal decomposition of Co2(CO)8 and were coated in iron oxide using Fe(CO)5. While previous work focused on the subsequent thermal alloying of these nanoparticles, this study fully elucidates their composition and core@shell structure. State-of-the-art electron microscopy and statistical data processing enabled chemical mapping of individual particles through the acquisition of energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) images and ...

Knappett, Br; Abdulkin, P.; Ringe, E.; Jefferson, Da; Lozano-perez, S.; Rojas, Tc; Ferna?ndez, A.; Wheatley, Ae

2013-01-01

215

Inhibition of choriocarcinoma by Fe3O4-dextran-anti-ß-human chorionic gonadotropin nanoparticles containing antisense oligodeoxynucleotide of heparanase  

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Full Text Available Liu Huining,1 Zhang Yi,1 Tang Dihong,2 Pan Yifeng,3 Xia Man,2 Yang Ting,2 Cai Jingting1,2 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xiangya Hospital, 2Department of Gynecological Oncology, Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital, 3National Hepatobiliary and Enteric Surgery Research Center, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China Objective: To observe the influence of Fe3O4-dextran-anti-ß-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG carrying heparanase (Hpa antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN, via the invasion, proliferation, and Hpa expression of JEG-3 cell lines and inhibitory effect of transplanted choriocarcinoma tumor growth. Methods: The different abilities of invasion and proliferation between transfected JEG-3 and untransfected JEG-3 were measured by Matrigel invasion assay and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay in vitro. The effect of Hpa ASODN transfection on the expression of Hpa mRNA and protein was measured by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. The transplanted choriocarcinoma tumors were taken out to calculate the inhibitory effect on tumor growth of Hpa ASODN. Results: In this study, we found that: (1 the invasive ability of JEG-3 cells was inhibited sufficiently (P < 0.05 after JEG-3 cells were transfected by Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN; (2 after JEG-3 cells were transfected by Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN at 48 and 72 hours, the proliferative ability of JEG-3 cells was inhibited sufficiently (P < 0.05; (3 the expression of Hpa mRNA and protein in JEG-3 cells was inhibited efficiently after JEG-3 cells were transfected by Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN (P < 0.05; and (4 Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN had an inhibitory effect on the transplanted choriocarcinoma tumor growth (P < 0.05 and was harmless on nude mice. Conclusion: Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN weakened the invasive and proliferative ability of choriocarcinoma, with a significant inhibitory effect on the transplanted choriocarcinoma tumor. Therefore, Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG carrying Hpa ASODN is an effective gene therapy, and Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG nanoparticles are a harmless and effective gene vector. Keywords: heparanase, antisense oligodeoxynucleotide, Fe3O4-dextran-anti-?HCG nanoparticles, choriocarcinoma, invasive ability

Huining L

2013-11-01

216

Folic acid-conjugated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for hyperthermia and MRI in vitro and in vivo  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The folic acid (FA)-conjugated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized by co-precipitation of Fe3+ and Fe2+ solution followed by surface modification with carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) to form carboxymethyl group terminated MNPs, then FA was conjugated with the carboxyl group functionalized MNPs. The morphology and properties of obtained nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV–visible spectra (UV–vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FA-conjugated MNPs exhibited relatively high saturation magnetization and fast magneto-temperature response which could be applied to hyperthermia therapy. To determine the accurate targeting effect of FA, we chose FA-conjugated MNPs as MRI contrast enhancement agent for detection of KB cells with folate receptor over-expression in vitro and in vivo. The results show that these magnetic nanoparticles appear to be the promising materials for local hyperthermia and MRI.

217

Uniform superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles: preparation, characterization and surface modification.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Prague : Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR, 2014. P5. ISBN 978-80-85009-79-8. [Workshop "Career in Polymers" /6./. 18.07.2014-19.07.2014, Prague] R&D Projects: GA ?R GAP206/12/0381 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : nanoparticles * iron oxide * thermal decomposition Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry

Patsula, Vitalii; Horák, Daniel

218

One-step synthesis of water-dispersible cysteine functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles for mercury(II) removal from aqueous solutions  

Science.gov (United States)

Cysteine functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Cys-Fe3O4 MNPs) were prepared facilely for Hg(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Using Fe2+ as precursors, air as oxidant and Cys as protectant, this novel material was one-pot synthesis at room temperature by oxidation-precipitation method with the assistance of sonication. The MNPs were characterized by TEM, VSM, FTIR, X-ray powder diffraction analysis (XRD) and TGA methods. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the removal efficiency was as high as 95% and the maximum sorption capacity is found to be 380 mg/mol for Hg(II). Study on adsorption kinetics shows that adsorption of Hg(II) onto Cys-Fe3O4 MNPs follows pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the adsorption rate constant was 0.22 min-1. Additionally, the Hg(II)-loaded Cys-Fe3O4 MNPs could be easily regenerated up to 95% using 1.0 M acetic acid. These results indicated that Cys-Fe3O4 MNPs is a potentially attractive material for the removal of Hg(II) from water.

Shen, Xiaofang; Wang, Qin; Chen, WenLing; Pang, Yuehong

2014-10-01

219

Effect of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 2-methoxyestradiol on the cell-cycle progression and apoptosis of myelodysplastic syndrome cells  

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Full Text Available Guohua Xia1,2, Baoan Chen1,2, Jiahua Ding1,2, Chong Gao1,2, Huixia Lu1,2, Zeye Shao1,2, Feng Gao1,2, Xuemei Wang2,31Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; 2Faculty of Oncology, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 3National Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: This study aims to evaluate the potential benefit of combination therapy of 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME and magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (MNPs- Fe3O4 on myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS SKM-1 cells and its underlying mechanisms. The effect of the unique properties of tetraheptylammonium-capped MNPs- Fe3O4 with 2ME on cytotoxicity was tested by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell-cycle distribution and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. The expression of cell-cycle marker protein was measured by Western blotting. Growth inhibition rate of SKM-1 cells treated with the 2ME-loaded MNPs- Fe3O4 was enhanced when compared with 2ME alone. 2ME led to an increase of caspase-3 expression, followed by apoptosis, which was significantly increased when combined with an MNPs- Fe3O4 carrier. Moreover, the copolymer of 2ME with MNPs- Fe3O4 blocked a nearly two-fold increase in SKM-1 cells located in G2/M phase than in 2ME alone, which may be associated with an accompanying increase of p21 as well as a decrease in cyclin B1 and cdc2 expression, but there was no obvious difference between the MNPs- Fe3O4 and control group. These findings suggest that the unique properties of MNPs- Fe3O4 as a carrier for 2ME, a new anticancer agent currently in clinical trials, may be a logical strategy to enhance the therapeutic activity of MDS.Keywords: MDS, MNPs- Fe3O4, SKM-1 cell, cell cycle

Xia G

2011-09-01

220

Reversal of multidrug resistance by magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle copolymerizating daunorubicin and 5-bromotetrandrine in xenograft nude-mice  

OpenAIRE

Baoan Chen1,* Jian Cheng1,* Yanan Wu1, Feng Gao1, Wenlin Xu2, et al 1Department of Hematology;2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated People’s Hospital, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, PR China *These authors have contributed equally to this workAbstract: In this paper we establish the xenograft leukemia model with stable multidrug resistance in nude mice and to investigate the reversal effect of 5-bromotetrandrine (5-BrTet) and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (MNP-Fe3O4) c...

Baoan Chen; Jian Cheng; Yanan Wu; Feng Gao; Wenlin Xu; et al.

2009-01-01

221

Study of the enhanced anticancer efficacy of gambogic acid on Capan-1 pancreatic cancer cells when mediated via magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

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Full Text Available Cailian Wang1,*, Haijun Zhang1,*, Baoan Chen2, Haitao Yin1, Wenwen Wang11Department of Oncology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Gambogic acid (GA, a potent anticancer agent, is limited in clinical administration due to its poor water solubility. The aim of this study was to explore a drug delivery system based on magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNP- Fe3O4 conjugated with GA to increase water solubility of the drug and enhance its chemotherapeutic efficiency for pancreatic cancer.Methods: GA was conjugated with the MNP- Fe3O4 colloidal suspension by mechanical absorption polymerization to construct GA-loaded MNP- Fe3O4, which acted as a drug delivery system.Results: Combination therapy with GA and MNP- Fe3O4 induced remarkable improvement in anticancer activity, which was demonstrated by optical microscopic observations, MTT assay, and nuclear DAPI staining. Furthermore, the possible signaling pathway was explored by Western blot. In Capan-1 pancreatic cancer cells, our observations demonstrated that this strategy could enhance potential anticancer efficiency by inducing apoptosis. The mechanisms of the synergistic effect may be due to reducing protein expression of Bcl-2 and enhancing that of Bax, caspase 9, and caspase 3.Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that a combination of GA and MNPs- Fe3O4 represents a promising approach to the treatment of pancreatic cancer.Keywords: gambogic acid, pancreatic cancer, magnetic nanoparticles, drug delivery system, apoptosis

Wang C

2011-09-01

222

Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Horseradish Peroxidase Immobilized in a DNA/Chitosan-Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticle Bio-Complex Film  

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Full Text Available A DNA/chitosan-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle bio-complex film was constructed for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP on a glassy carbon electrode. HRP was simply mixed with DNA, chitosan and Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and then applied to the electrode surface to form an enzyme-incorporated polyion complex film. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM was used to study the surface features of DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4/HRP layer. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS show that Fe3O4 and enzyme were successfully immobilized on the electrode surface by the DNA/chitosan bio-polyion complex membrane. Direct electron transfer (DET and bioelectrocatalysis of HRP in the DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4 film were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV and constant potential amperometry. The HRP-immobilized electrode was found to undergo DET and exhibited a fast electron transfer rate constant of 3.7 s?1. The CV results showed that the modified electrode gave rise to well-defined peaks in phosphate buffer, corresponding to the electrochemical redox reaction between HRP(Fe(III and HRP(Fe(II. The obtained electrode also displayed an electrocatalytic reduction behavior towards H2O2. The resulting DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4/HRP/glassy carbon electrode (GCE shows a high sensitivity (20.8 A·cm?2·M?1 toward H2O2. A linear response to H2O2 measurement was obtained over the range from 2 µM to 100 µM (R2 = 0.99 and an amperometric detection limit of 1 µM (S/N = 3. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of HRP immobilized on the electrode was 0.28 mM. Furthermore, the electrode exhibits both good operational stability and storage stability.

Tingting Gu

2014-02-01

223

Radical induced degradation of acetaminophen with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as heterogeneous activator of peroxymonosulfate.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic nano-scaled particles Fe3O4 were studied for the activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to generate active radicals for degradation of acetaminophen (APAP) in water. The Fe3O4 MNPs were found to effectively catalyze PMS for removal of APAP, and the reactions well followed a pseudo-first-order kinetics pattern (R(2)>0.95). Within 120min, approximately 75% of 10ppm APAP was accomplished by 0.2mM PMS in the presence of 0.8g/L Fe3O4 MNPs with little Fe(3+) leaching (<4?g/L). Higher Fe3O4 MNP dose, lower initial APAP concentration, neutral pH, and higher reaction temperature favored the APAP degradation. The production of sulfate radicals and hydroxyl radicals was validated through two ways: (1) indirectly from the scavenging tests with scavenging agents, tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) and ethanol (EtOH); (2) directly from the electron paramagnetic resonance (ESR) tests with 0.1M 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrrolidine N-oxide (DMPO). Plausible mechanisms on the radical generation from Fe3O4 MNP activation of PMS are proposed based on the results of radical identification tests and XPS analysis. It appeared that Fe(2+)Fe(3+) on the catalyst surface was responsible for the radical generation. The results demonstrated that Fe3O4 MNPs activated PMS is a promising technology for water pollution caused by contaminants such as pharmaceuticals. PMID:24929305

Tan, Chaoqun; Gao, Naiyun; Deng, Yang; Deng, Jing; Zhou, Shiqing; Li, Jun; Xin, Xiaoyan

2014-07-15

224

Enhanced Magnetism of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles with Ga Doping  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Magnetic (Ga{sub x}Fe{sub 1-x}){sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with 5%-33% gallium doping (x = 0.05-0.33) were measured using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism to determine that the Ga dopant is substituting for Fe{sub 3+} as Ga{sub 3+} in the tetrahedral A-site of the spinel structure, resulting in an overall increase in the total moment of the material. Frequency-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements showed these particles to be weakly interacting with a reduction of the cubic anisotropy energy term with Ga concentration. The element-specific dichroism spectra show that the average Fe moment is observed to increase with Ga concentration, a result consistent with the replacement of A-site Fe by Ga.

Pool, V. L.; Klem, M. T.; Chorney, C. L.; Arenholz, E.; Idzerda, Y.U.

2010-10-22

225

Facile solvothermal synthesis of mesostructured Fe3O4/chitosan nanoparticles as delivery vehicles for pH-responsive drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a facile fabrication of a host-metal-guest coordination-bonding system in a mesostructured Fe3O4/chitosan nanoparticle that can act as a pH-responsive drug-delivery system. The mesostructured Fe3O4/chitosan was synthesized by a solvothermal approach with iron(III) chloride hexahydrate as a precursor, ethylene glycol as a reducing agent, ammonium acetate as a porogen, and chitosan as a surface-modification agent. Subsequently, doxorubicin (DOX), acting as a model drug (guest), was loaded onto the mesostructured Fe3O4/chitosan nanoparticles, with chitosan acting as a host molecule to form the NH2-Zn(II)-DOX coordination architecture. The release of DOX can be achieved through the cleavage of coordination bonds that are sensitive to variations in external pH under weakly acidic conditions. The pH-responsive nature of the nanoparticles was confirmed by in vitro releases and cell assay tests. Furthermore, the relaxation efficiency of the nanoparticles as high-performance magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents was also investigated. Experimental results confirm that the synthesized mesostructured Fe3O4/chitosan is a smart nanovehicle for drug delivery owing to both its pH-responsive nature and relaxation efficiency. PMID:24259489

Zhao, Guanghui; Wang, Jianzhi; Peng, Xiaomen; Li, Yanfeng; Yuan, Xuemei; Ma, Yingxia

2014-02-01

226

Green synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles embedded in a porous carbon matrix and its use as anode material for Li-ion batteries  

OpenAIRE

A scalable and simple process was developed for the preparation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles embedded in carbon using nontoxic and affordable materials. The resulting composite showed a high reversible capacity of 702 mA h g(-1) as anode material in a Li-ion battery after 50 cycles.

Latorre Sa?nchez, Marcos; Primo Arnau, Ana Maria; Garci?a Go?mez, Hermenegildo

2012-01-01

227

Developing Fe3O4 nanoparticles into an efficient multimodality imaging and therapeutic probe  

Science.gov (United States)

A rapid ligand-exchange method was developed to transfer high quality hydrophobic magnetite nanocrystals into water-soluble NPs by using protocatechuic acid as a ligand via homogenous reaction. After ligand exchange, the magnetite nanocrystals not only exhibited outstanding stability in water, but also maintained high crystallinity and saturation magnetization. Cell viability experiments demonstrated good biocompatibility of the NPs. For 12 nm magnetite nanoparticles (NPs), the small hydrodynamic size of 14 nm enabled a high T1 relaxivity of 17.8 mM-1 s-1 while high saturation magnetization of 77.8 emu g-1 enabled the NPs to exhibit a high T2 relaxivity of 220 mM-1 s-1 in MRI phantom experiments. In vivo MR imaging experiments further confirmed that the NPs were eminent T1 and T2 contrast agents. Moreover, the high quality NPs can be used as excellent magnetic heating agents under an alternating magnetic field. With all those features, including multimodality imaging and magnetic hyperthermia, the NPs can be used as single compound multifunctional agents for various biomedical applications, especially for cancer diagnosis and therapy.

Hao, Rui; Yu, Jing; Ge, Zigang; Zhao, Lingyun; Sheng, Fugeng; Xu, Lili; Li, Gongjie; Hou, Yanglong

2013-11-01

228

Fluorescence-based immunoassay for human chorionic gonadotropin based on polyfluorene-coated silica nanoparticles and polyaniline-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report on an ultrasensitive fluorescence immunoassay for human chorionic gonadotrophin antigen (hCG). It is based on the use of silica nanoparticles coated with a copolymer (prepared from a fluorene, a phenylenediamine, and divinylbenzene; PF.SiO2) that acts as a fluorescent label for the secondary monoclonal antibody to ?-hCG antigen. In parallel, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were coated with polyaniline, and these magnetic particles (Fe3O4.PANI) served as a solid support for the primary monoclonal antibody to ?-hCG antigen. The PF.SiO2 exhibited strong fluorescence and good dispersibility in water. A fluorescence sandwich immunoassay was developed that enables hCG concentrations to be determined in the 0.01–100 ng·mL?1 concentration range, with a detection limit of 3 pg·mL?1. (author)

229

Reversal of multidrug resistance by magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle copolymerizating daunorubicin and 5-bromotetrandrine in xenograft nude-mice  

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Full Text Available Baoan Chen1,* Jian Cheng1,* Yanan Wu1, Feng Gao1, Wenlin Xu2, et al 1Department of Hematology;2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated People’s Hospital, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, PR China *These authors have contributed equally to this workAbstract: In this paper we establish the xenograft leukemia model with stable multidrug resistance in nude mice and to investigate the reversal effect of 5-bromotetrandrine (5-BrTet and magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (MNP-Fe3O4 combined with daunorubicin (DNR in vivo. Two subclones of K562 and K562/A02 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the back of athymic nude mice (1 × 107 cells/each respectively to establish leukemia xenograft models. Drug-resistant and sensitive tumor-bearing nude mice were assigned randomly into five groups which were treated with normal saline; DNR; NP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR; 5-BrTet combined with DNR; 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR, respectively. The incidence of formation, growth characteristics, weight, and volume of tumors were observed. The histopathologic examination of tumors and organs were detected. For resistant tumors, the protein levels of Bcl-2, and BAX were detected by Western blot. Bcl-2, BAX, and caspase-3 genes were also detected. For K562/A02 cells xenograft tumors, 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR significantly suppressed growth of tumor. A histopathologic examination of tumors clearly showed necrosis of the tumors. Application of 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 inhibited the expression of Bcl-2 protein and upregulated the expression of BAX and caspase-3 proteins in K562/A02 cells xenograft tumor. It is concluded that 5-BrTet and MNP-Fe3O4 combined with DNR had a significant tumor-suppressing effect on a MDR leukemia cells xenograft model.Keywords: 5-bromotetrandrine, magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4, multidrug-resistance, xenograft model

Baoan Chen

2009-03-01

230

Synthesis and photocatalytic property of Fe3O4@TiO2 core/shell nanoparticles supported by reduced graphene oxide sheets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: •Fe3O4@TiO2 nanoparticles loaded on graphene sheets are synthesized for the first time. •This ternary structure can induce photo-degradation of methyl orange. •The interfacial structure between TiO2 and Fe3O4 is stable at 450 °C. •Fe3O4@TiO2/graphene as ternary photocatalyst can be retrieved by magnetic field. -- Abstract: A ternary nanocomposite of Fe3O4@TiO2/reduced graphene oxide (FTR) was prepared successfully by a facile route in this work. Fe3O4@TiO2 core/shell nanospheres were loaded on the surface of reduced graphene oxide (RGO), making the ternary nanocomposite possessed enhanced charge separation efficiency in combined with the supporting media of RGO. The morphology of the ternary nanocomposite was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The photocatalytic degradation efficiency on methyl orange of the FTR nanocomposite was investigated. The photocatalytic degradation efficiency of ternary composite was about three times than that of pure TiO2. The result show that the photocatalytic efficiency of 25 mg FTR can reach 83.8% in 50 min, In addition to the high efficiency of the degradation property, the ternary composite can be easily recycled by normal magnet due to the magnetite core. It is suggested that the FTR ternary composite of Fe3O4@TiO2/reduced graphene oxide can be an efficient multifunctional photocatalyst for the degradation of hazardous compounds in waste water

231

Room Temperature Synthesis of Magnetite (Fe3-?O4) Nanoparticles by a Simple Reverse Co-Precipitation Method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetite (Fe3-?O4) nanoparticles with the size less than 30 nm have been synthesized by using a simple reverse co-precipitation method at room temperature. During the process, ferrous sulfate (FeSO4·7H2O) powder was used as an iron precursor, and ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) as a precipitating agent. The experiment was carried out in ambient atmosphere without any surfactant added. In this method, the base solution for the precipitation process was adjusted to have a pH value suitable for the formation of the magnetite phase. The iron salt precursor was added into the solution during the synthesis by two different synthesis protocols. The phase, morphology and magnetic characteristic of differently synthesized magnetite particles were characterized by using an X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The morphologies of the particles were spherical or irregular in shape depending on the synthesis protocol used. Magnetic measurement shows that the particles are ferromagnetic at room temperature with relatively high saturation magnetization and low hysteresis. The saturation magnetization and magnetic hysteresis of the particles varied with preparation reaction conditions and the resulting oxidation state of the particles.

232

Preparation, characterization of Fe3O4 at TiO2 magnetic nanoparticles and their application for immunoassay of biomarker of exposure to organophosphorus pesticides  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Novel Fe3O4 at TiO2 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared and developed for a new nanoparticle-based immunosensor for electrochemical quantification of organophosphorylated butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in plasma, a specific biomarker of exposure to organophosphorus (OP) agents. The Fe3O4 at TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrolysis of tetrabutyltitanate on the surface of Fe3O4 magnetic nanospheres, and characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectra, transmission electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. The functional Fe3O4 at TiO2 nanoparticles were performed as capture antibody to selectively enrich phosphorylated moiety instead of phosphoserine antibody in the traditional sandwich immunoassays. The secondary recognition was served by quantum dots (QDs)-tagged anti-BChE antibody (QDs-anti-BChE). With the help of a magnet, the resulting sandwich-like complex, Fe3O4 at TiO2/OP-BChE/QDs-anti-BChE, was easily isolated from sample solutions and the released cadmium ions were detected on a disposable screen-printed electrode (SPE). The binding affinities were investigated by both surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and square wave voltammetry (SWV). This method not only avoids the drawback of unavailability of commercial OP-specific antibody but also amplifies detection signal by QDs-tags together with easy separation of samples by magnetic forces. The proposed immunosensor yields a linear response over a broad OP-BChE concentrations range from 0.02 to 10 nM, with detection limit of 0.01 nM. Moreover, the disposable nanoparticle-based immunosensor has been validated with human plasma samples. It offers a new method for rapid, sensitive, selective and inexpensive screening/evaluating exposure to OP pesticides.

Zhang, Xiao; Wang, Hongbo; Yang, Chunming; Du, Dan; Lin, Yuehe

2013-03-15

233

Ionic liquid coated magnetic core/shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles for the separation/analysis of linuron in food samples  

Science.gov (United States)

Three hydrophobic ionic liquids (ILs) including 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM]PF6), 1-hexyl-3-methyl-imidazole hexafluorophosphate ([HMIM]PF6), and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazole hexafluoro-phosphate ([OMIM]PF6) coated Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with core-shell structure to prepare magnetic solid phase extraction agent (Fe3O4@SiO2@ILs) and establish a new method of magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) coupled with UV spectrometry for separation/analysis of linuron. The results showed that linuron was adsorbed rapidly by Fe3O4@SiO2@[OMIM]PF6 and eluanted by ethanol. Under the optimal conditions, preconcentration factor of the proposed method was 10-fold. The linear range, detection limit, correlation coefficient (R) and relative standard deviation (RSD) were found to be 0.04-20.00 ?g mL-1, 5.0 ng mL-1, 0.9993 and 2.8% (n = 3, c = 4.00 ?g mL-1), respectively. The Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles could be used repeatedly for 10 times. This proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of linuron in food samples.

Chen, Jieping; Zhu, Xiashi

2015-02-01

234

Ionic liquid coated magnetic core/shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles for the separation/analysis of linuron in food samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three hydrophobic ionic liquids (ILs) including 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM]PF6), 1-hexyl-3-methyl-imidazole hexafluorophosphate ([HMIM]PF6), and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazole hexafluoro-phosphate ([OMIM]PF6) coated Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with core-shell structure to prepare magnetic solid phase extraction agent (Fe3O4@SiO2@ILs) and establish a new method of magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) coupled with UV spectrometry for separation/analysis of linuron. The results showed that linuron was adsorbed rapidly by Fe3O4@SiO2@[OMIM]PF6 and eluanted by ethanol. Under the optimal conditions, preconcentration factor of the proposed method was 10-fold. The linear range, detection limit, correlation coefficient (R) and relative standard deviation (RSD) were found to be 0.04-20.00 ?g mL(-1), 5.0 ng mL(-1), 0.9993 and 2.8% (n=3, c=4.00 ?g mL(-1)), respectively. The Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles could be used repeatedly for 10 times. This proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of linuron in food samples. PMID:25238184

Chen, Jieping; Zhu, Xiashi

2015-02-25

235

Simple and efficient deposition of Pd nanoparticles on Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres: A new catalytic system for methanol oxidation in alkaline media  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An efficient, low-cost and general strategy is developed to deposit well-dispersed Pd nanoparticles on Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres. In this route, Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres pretreated with dilute HCl solution were firstly employed as supports and simple chemical reduction was then introduced. The morphology, structure and elemental composition of the as-obtained samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen sorption and elemental analysis. Electrodes coated with the Pd/Fe3O4 were studied for the oxidation of methanol in 0.1 M NaOH in half cells. The results show highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles are evenly immobilized on the surface of Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres. The cyclic voltammetry tests reveal this novel composite possesses excellent electrocatalytic activity and long-term stability for methanol oxidation in alkaline media.

236

Reversal in multidrug resistance by magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 loaded with adriamycin and tetrandrine in K562/A02 leukemic cells  

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Full Text Available Baoan Chen1,5, Qian Sun1,5, Xuemei Wang2, Feng Gao1, Yongyuan Dai1, Yan Yin1, Jiahua Ding1, Chong Gao1, Jian Cheng1, Jingyuan Li2, Xinchen Sun1, Ningna Chen1, Wenlin Xu3, Huiling Shen3, Delong Liu41Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, China; 2State Key Lab of Bioelectronics(Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China; 3Department of Hematology, The First People’s Hospital of Zhenjiang, Zhenjiang, China; 4Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, NY, USA; 5These authors have contributed equally to this work.Abstract: Drug resistance is a primary hindrance for efficiency of chemotherapy. To investigate whether Fe3O4-magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with adriamycin (ADM and tetrandrine (Tet would play a synergetic reverse role in multidrug resistant cell, we prepared the drug-loaded nanoparticles by mechanical absorption polymerization to act with K562 and one of its resistant cell line K562/A02. The survival of cells which were cultured with these conjugates for 48 h was observed by MTT assay. Using cells under the same condition described before, we took use of fluorescence microscope to measure fluorescence intensity of intracellular ADM at an excitation wavelength of 488 nm. P-glycoprotein (P-gp was analyzed with flow cytometer. The expression of mdr1 mRNA was measured by RT-PCR. The results showed that the growth inhibition efficacy of both the two cells increased with augmenting concentrations of Fe3O4-MNPs which were loaded with drugs. No linear correlation was found between fluorescence intensity of intracellular adriamycin and augmenting concentration of Fe3O4-MNPs. Tet could downregulate the level of mdr-1 gene and decrease the expression of P-gp. Furthermore, Tet polymerized with Fe3O4-MNPs reinforced this downregulation, causing a 100-fold more decrease in mdr1 mRNA level, but did not reduce total P-gp content. Our results suggest that Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with ADM or Tet can enhance the effective accumulation of the drugs in K562/A02. We propose that Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with ADM and Tet probably have synergetic effect on reversal in multidrug resistance.Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, tetrandrine, adriamycin, multidrug resistance reversal, leukemia K562/A02

Baoan Chen

2008-06-01

237

Ferromagnetic resonance and ac conductivity of a polymer composite of Fe3O4 and Fe3C nanoparticles dispersed in a graphite matrix  

Science.gov (United States)

Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) and ac conductivity have been applied to study a polymer composite containing as filler a binary mixture of magnetite (Fe3O4) and cementite (Fe3C) nanoparticles (30-50nm) dispersed in a diamagnetic carbon matrix, which was synthesized by the carburization of nanocrystalline iron. Ac conductivity measurements showed thermally activated behavior involving a range of activation energies and power law frequency dependence at high frequencies similar to conducting polymer composites randomly filled with metal particles. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements revealed a relatively narrow FMR line at high temperatures indicating the presence of ferromagnetic nanoparticles, where thermal fluctuations and interparticle interactions determine the FMR temperature variation. An abrupt change of the FMR spectra was observed at T conductivity. This behavior is attributed to the Verwey transition of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, where the concurrent skin depth variation unveils the FMR of large magnetite conglomerates and thus allows discriminating their contribution from relatively isolated nanoparticles.

Guskos, N.; Anagnostakis, E. A.; Likodimos, V.; Bodziony, T.; Typek, J.; Maryniak, M.; Narkiewicz, U.; Kucharewicz, I.; Waplak, S.

2005-01-01

238

Biodesel Production from Pseudomonas Fluorescens Lp1 Lipase Immobilized on Amino-silane Modified Super Paramagnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An extracellular lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens Lp1 isolated from oil contaminated soil was immobilized onto amino silane modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles, magnetite was synthesized chemically by co-precipitation and characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Powder X-ray diffraction studies (XRD). The structure of the synthesized magnetic nanoparticles was uniform, spherical and the size was determined around 31 nm by powder XRD. The biodiesel production mixture was prepared by addition of waste cooking oil, lipase immobilized magnetite and methanol. The transesterified products were analyzed by Gas Liquid chromatography-Mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). The methyl esters such as Oxiraneundecanoic acid, 3-pentyl-methyl ester, Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester and 10-Octadecenoic acid, methyl ester were obtained. The study experimentally proved the use of amino silane modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in biodiesel production from waste cooking oil.

239

Novel magnetic-fluorescent CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS (core/shell) nanoparticles: Preparation, characterization and damage to bovine serum albumin under UV irradiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Novel magnetic-fluorescent nanoparticles (CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS) combined ZnS:Mn/ZnS semiconductor nanoparticles and Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with chitosan (CS) matrix were prepared and characterized. Characterization results indicate that CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS (core/shell) nanoparticles show superparamagnetic and strong fluorescent properties. Introduction of ZnS shell significantly enhances the photoluminescence intensity by 3.5 times. The saturation magnetization of CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS nanoparticles was 14.85 emu g?1 at room temperature. The interaction and damage of CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS to bovine serum albumin (BSA) under UV irradiation was investigated by ultraviolet–visible and fluorescence spectra. The results show that electrostatic interaction is the major force for the binding processes of BSA to the surface of CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS. The damage of BSA is prone to happen in the presence of CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS under UV irradiation. CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS may be potential candidate for application as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy, and fluorescence imaging and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents for theranostics of cancer. - Highlights: • Novel magnetic-fluorescent CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS nanoparticles were synthesized. • CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS possesses superparamagnetic and bright fluorescent properties. • Introduction of ZnS shell significantly enhances the PL intensity by 3.5 times. • BSA molecule was effectively damaged by CS-Fe3O4@ZnS:Mn/ZnS under UV irradiation. • Magnetic-fluorescent nanoparticles would be potential agents for cancer treatment

240

Co-encapsulation of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and doxorubicin into biodegradable PLGA nanocarriers for intratumoral drug delivery  

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Full Text Available Yanhui Jia1, Mei Yuan1, Huidong Yuan1, Xinglu Huang2, Xiang Sui1, Xuemei Cui1, Fangqiong Tang2, Jiang Peng1, Jiying Chen1, Shibi Lu1, Wenjing Xu1, Li Zhang1, Quanyi Guo11Institute of Orthopedics, General Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 2Laboratory of Controllable Preparation and Application of Nanomaterials, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: In this study, the authors constructed a novel PLGA [poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid]-based polymeric nanocarrier co-encapsulated with doxorubicin (DOX and magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNPs using a single emulsion evaporation method. The DOX-MNPs showed high entrapment efficiency, and they supported a sustained and steady release of DOX. Moreover, the drug release was pH sensitive, with a faster release rate in an acidic environment than in a neutral environment. In vitro, the DOX-MNPs were easily internalized into murine Lewis lung carcinoma cells and they induced apoptosis. In vivo, the DOX-MNPs showed higher antitumor activity than free DOX solution. Furthermore, the antitumor activity of the DOX-MNPs was higher with than without an external magnetic field; they were also associated with smaller tumor volume and a lower metastases incidence rate. This work may provide a new modality for developing an effective drug delivery system.Keywords: antitumor activity, external magnetic field, intratumoral injection, apoptosis, Lewis lung carcinoma

Jia Y

2012-03-01

241

Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of porous magnetic composite, based on MCM-41 molecular sieve with Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Porous magnetic composites were prepared by the synthesis of molecular sieve MCM-41 in the presence of Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles with average diameter of 15 nm. Nanoparticles were captured by porous silica matrix MCM-41, which resulted in their incorporation, as it was confirmed by TEM, SEM and X-ray diffraction. The materials possessed high surface area (392-666 m 2 g -1), high pore volume (0.39-0.73 cm 3 g -1) along with high magnetic response ( MS up to 28.4 emu g -1 at 300 K). Calcination of samples resulted in partial oxidation of Fe 3O 4 to ?-Fe 2O 3. The influence of nanoparticles content on sorption and magnetic properties of the composites was shown. No hysteresis was found for the samples at 300 K; at 5 K, HC was in the range 370-385 G for non-calcinated samples and 350-356 G for calcinated ones.

Kolotilov, Sergey V.; Shvets, Oleksiy; Cador, Olivier; Kasian, Natalia; Pavlov, Vyacheslav G.; Ouahab, Lahcène; Ilyin, Vladimir G.; Pavlishchuk, Vitaly V.

2006-08-01

242

Orbital and spin moments of 5 to 11 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles measured via x-ray magnetic circular dichroism  

Science.gov (United States)

The orbital and spin contributions to the magnetic moment of Fe in Fe3O4 nanoparticles were measured using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Nanoparticles of different sizes, ranging from 5 to 11 nm, were fabricated via organic methods and their magnetic behavior was characterized by vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). An XMCD signal was measured for three different samples at 300 K and 80 K. The extracted values for the orbital and spin contributions to the magnetic moment showed a quenching of the orbital moment and a large spin moment. The calculated spin moments appear somewhat reduced compared to the value expected for bulk Fe3O4. The spin moments measured at 80 K are larger than at 300 K for all the samples, revealing significant thermal fluctuations effects in the nanoparticle assemblies. The measured spin moment is reduced for the smallest nanoparticles, suggesting that the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles could be altered when their size reaches a few nanometers.

Cai, Y. P.; Chesnel, K.; Trevino, M.; Westover, A.; Harrison, R. G.; Hancock, J. M.; Turley, S.; Scherz, A.; Reid, A.; Wu, B.; Graves, C.; Wang, T.; Liu, T.; Dürr, H.

2014-05-01

243

Orbital and spin moments of 5 to 11?nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles measured via x-ray magnetic circular dichroism  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The orbital and spin contributions to the magnetic moment of Fe in Fe3O4 nanoparticles were measured using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Nanoparticles of different sizes, ranging from 5 to 11?nm, were fabricated via organic methods and their magnetic behavior was characterized by vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). An XMCD signal was measured for three different samples at 300?K and 80?K. The extracted values for the orbital and spin contributions to the magnetic moment showed a quenching of the orbital moment and a large spin moment. The calculated spin moments appear somewhat reduced compared to the value expected for bulk Fe3O4. The spin moments measured at 80?K are larger than at 300?K for all the samples, revealing significant thermal fluctuations effects in the nanoparticle assemblies. The measured spin moment is reduced for the smallest nanoparticles, suggesting that the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles could be altered when their size reaches a few nanometers

244

The effects of magnetite (Fe3O4 nanoparticles on electroporation-induced inward currents in pituitary tumor (GH3 cells and in RAW 264.7 macrophages  

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Full Text Available Yen-Chin Liu1, Ping-Ching Wu2, Dar-Bin Shieh2–5, Sheng-Nan Wu3,6,71Department of Anesthesiology, 2Institute of Oral Medicine and Department of Stomatology, 3Department of Physiology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, 4Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, 5Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 6Innovation Center for Advanced Medical Device Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 7Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, TaiwanAims: Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs have been known to provide a distinct image contrast effect for magnetic resonance imaging owing to their super paramagnetic properties on local magnetic fields. However, the possible effects of these NPs on membrane ion currents that concurrently induce local magnetic field perturbation remain unclear.Methods: We evaluated whether amine surface-modified Fe3O4 NPs have any effect on ion currents in pituitary tumor (GH3 cells via voltage clamp methods.Results: The addition of Fe3O4 NPs decreases the amplitude of membrane electroporation-induced currents (IMEP with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration at 45 µg/mL. Fe3O4 NPs at a concentration of 3 mg/mL produced a biphasic response in the amplitude of IMEP, ie, an initial decrease followed by a sustained increase. A similar effect was also noted in RAW 264.7 macrophages.Conclusion: The modulation of magnetic electroporation-induced currents by Fe3O4 NPs constitutes an important approach for cell tracking under various imaging modalities or facilitated drug delivery.Keywords: iron oxide, ion current, free radical

Liu YC

2012-03-01

245

Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared by the seeded-growth route for hyperthermia: electron magnetic resonance as a key tool to evaluate size distribution in magnetic nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles have been synthesized by a thermal decomposition method based on the seeded-growth technique, achieving size tunable nanoparticles with high crystallinity and high saturation magnetization. EMR spectroscopy becomes a very efficient complementary tool to determine the fine details of size distributions of MNPs and even to estimate directly the size in a system composed of a given type of magnetic nanoparticles. The size and size dispersity affect directly the efficiency of MNPs for hyperthermia and EMR provides a direct evaluation of these characteristics almost exactly in the same preparation and with the same concentration as used in hyperthermia experiments. The correlation observed between the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and the effective gyromagnetic factor (geff) is extremely remarkable and renders a way to assess directly the heating capacity of a MNP system.Monodispersed Fe3O4 nanoparticles have been synthesized by a thermal decomposition method based on the seeded-growth technique, achieving size tunable nanoparticles with high crystallinity and high saturation magnetization. EMR spectroscopy becomes a very efficient complementary tool to determine the fine details of size distributions of MNPs and even to estimate directly the size in a system composed of a given type of magnetic nanoparticles. The size and size dispersity affect directly the efficiency of MNPs for hyperthermia and EMR provides a direct evaluation of these characteristics almost exactly in the same preparation and with the same concentration as used in hyperthermia experiments. The correlation observed between the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and the effective gyromagnetic factor (geff) is extremely remarkable and renders a way to assess directly the heating capacity of a MNP system. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Synthetic parameters of Fe3O4 nanoparticles obtained by the seeded growth method. Diffractograms of samples A-F. Deconvolution from the (311) diffraction peak of samples A-F. FTIR spectra of pure oleic acid and Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with oleic acid. ZFC-FC curves of samples A-E in powder form. Hysteresis loops of powder samples. Non-Interacting Superparamagnetic (SPM) model. Fit of M(H) curves at room temperature. Calculation of SAR as a function of particle diameter. SAR values of sample E before and after the washing process. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr00646a

Castellanos-Rubio, Idoia; Insausti, Maite; Garaio, Eneko; Gil de Muro, Izaskun; Plazaola, Fernando; Rojo, Teófilo; Lezama, Luis

2014-06-01

246

Superparamagnetic Core-Shell-Type Fe3O4/Ru Nanoparticles as Catalysts for the Selective Hydrogenation of an Unconstrained ?,?-Unsaturated Ketone  

OpenAIRE

Superparamagnetic core-shell-type Fe3O4/Ru nanoparticles (particle size ca. 15 nm) synthesized by co-precipitation, adsorption and reduction methods were found to selectively hydrogenate the carbon-oxygen double bond in trans-4-phenyl-3-penten-2-one (conversion 100?%, selectivity > 90?%) with a catalytic turnover of 900 under mild reaction conditions (30 °C, 15 bar H2). The finely dispersed catalyst can be separated from the reaction mixture by using an external magnet, recycled, and reu...

Khan, Farooq-ahmad; Su?ss-fink, Georg

2012-01-01

247

Morphological, Thermal, and Magnetic Analysis of Ball-Milled ?-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Biomedical Application  

Science.gov (United States)

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are promising agents for hyperthermia cancer treatment, because, when exposed to an alternating magnetic field, they impart heat to surrounding tissue. A comparison of ?-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles for such application is presented. The particles were obtained via surfactant-assisted high energy ball-milling in a hexane/oleic acid carrier-fluid environment. Particles with diameters of 5 to 16 nm were prepared with mass ratios (oleic acid):(?-Fe2O3) of 0:1, 1:5, 1:10 and 1:20, with milling times of 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours. TEM micrographs revealed spherical morphology and the effect of oleic acid shells. Optimal size distributions were obtained for high oleic acid contents. At room temperature, a reduced internal magnetic field ˜480 kOe) was recorded via M"ossbauer spectroscopy compared to bulk ?-Fe2O3 ˜500 kOe), due to magnetic relaxation; Fe3O4 particles produced similar results. For the ?-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles with 20% oleic acid by mass, comparative ZFC/FC magnetization (Happ= 200 Oe in temperature range from 2 to 400 K) and hysteresis loops (T = 2 K and 300 K up to Happ=6 kOe) were obtained. Thermal transport characteristics were verified by Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) measurements using an AC magnetic field (f=282 kHz). Differences and similarities in behavior will be discussed.

Burnham, Philip; Papaefthymiou, Georgia C.; Viescas, Arthur; Li, Calvin; Dollahon, Norman

2013-03-01

248

Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of porous magnetic composite, based on MCM-41 molecular sieve with Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Porous magnetic composites were prepared by the synthesis of molecular sieve MCM-41 in the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with average diameter of 15 nm. Nanoparticles were captured by porous silica matrix MCM-41, which resulted in their incorporation, as it was confirmed by TEM, SEM and X-ray diffraction. The materials possessed high surface area (392-666 m2 g-1), high pore volume (0.39-0.73 cm3 g-1) along with high magnetic response (M S up to 28.4 emu g-1 at 300 K). Calcination of samples resulted in partial oxidation of Fe3O4 to ?-Fe2O3. The influence of nanoparticles content on sorption and magnetic properties of the composites was shown. No hysteresis was found for the samples at 300 K; at 5 K, H C was in the range 370-385 G for non-calcinated samples and 350-356 G for calcinated ones. - Graphical abstract: Schematic presentation of MCM-41/Fe3O4 composite

249

Design of magnetic and fluorescent Mg-Al layered double hydroxides by introducing Fe3O4 nanoparticles and Eu3+ ions for intercalation of glycine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe a novel route for the preparation of magnetic and fluorescent magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxides by introducing Fe3O4 nanoparticles and Eu3+ ions. From the powder X-ray diffraction results, it was found that the Fe3O4 nanoparticles were highly dispersed in the inner void of octahedral lattice, and the Eu3+ ions substituted for the Al3+ ions and entered into hydrotalcite lattice through isomorphous replacement. Moderate introduction of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and Eu3+ ions did not change the lamellar structure of magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxides. Glycine can also be intercalated into this magnetic and fluorescent layered double hydroxides by ion-exchange method. After intercalation of glycine, the basal spacing of magnetic and fluorescent layered double hydroxides increased from 7.6 to 8.8 A, indicating that glycine was successfully intercalated into the interlayer space of layered double hydroxides. Magnetic measurements reveal that these novel layered double hydroxides possess paramagnetic property at room temperature, and the emission and excitation spectra indicate the layered double hydroxides exhibit fluorescent property.

250

Effect of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 and 5-bromotetrandrine on reversal of multidrug resistance in K562/A02 leukemic cells  

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Full Text Available Jian Cheng1*, Weiwei Wu1*, Bao-an Chen1, Feng Gao1, Wenlin Xu2, Chong Gao1, Jiahua Ding1, Yunyu Sun1, Huihui Song1, Wen Bao1, Xinchen Sun3, Cuirong Xu1, Wenji Chen1, Ningna Chen1, Lijie Liu4, Guohua Xia1, Xiaomao Li5, Xuemei Wang61Department of Hematology, 3Department of Oncology, The Afiliated Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, The First People’s Hospital of Zhengjiang, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China; 4Institution of Physiology, 6State Key Lab of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Physics, University of Saarland, Saarbruechen, Germany; *These authors have contributed equally to this workAbstract: This study aims to evaluate the multidrug resistance (MDR reversal activity by magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (MNPs-Fe3O4 and 5-bromotetrandrine (BrTet MDR cell line K562/A02 solitarily or symphysially. The proliferation of K562 and K562/A02 cells and the cytotoxicity on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMBCs were evaluated by MTT assay. Cellular accumulation of daunorubicin (DNR was analyzed by flow cytometry. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analyses were performed to examine the mRNA and protein levels of mdr1, respectively. The results showed that the combination of MNPs-Fe3O4 and BrTet with effective concentrations significantly increased cytotoxicity against MDR cell line K562/A02. Both BrTet and MNPs-Fe3O4 increased the intracellular DNR accumulation in the K562/A02 cell line, and downregulated the level of mdr1 gene and expression of P-glycoprotein. Furthermore, the combination did not have significant cytotoxicity in PMBCs. We propose that MNPs-Fe3O4 conjugated with DNR and BrTet probably have synergetic effects on MDR reversal.Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4, 5-bromotetrandrine, multidrug resistance K562/A02

Jian Cheng

2009-09-01

251

Preparation and properties of Fe and Fe3O4 nanoparticles embedded in ZrO2 matrix  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The (Zr, ZrO2)-(Fe, Fe3O4) nanocomposites are investigated due to their magnetic properties and resistance against negative influence of the surrounding atmosphere namely at elevated temperatures. The particles of pure Zr and its intermetallic phases can effect as a getter protecting the iron particles against oxidation. We have investigated behaviour of the nanocrystalline powders prepared as a mixture from pure components. TEM and XRD were explored for standard phase composition and determination of the main particle size. Moessbauer spectra were collected by a standard transmission method at room temperature using 57Co/Rh source. Magnetic measurements were carried out using vibrating sample magnetometer at high temperature at (293 - 1093) K, in the vacuum (10-1 Pa) and in the pure hydrogen (5N) atmosphere. The structure study showed that as-prepared samples consist of Fe3O4 particles with the mean coherent length ?30 nm as determined by XRD which increased during the heat treatment up to ?50 - 100 nm. The samples annealed in vacuum were formed by particles of ZrO2-monoclinic, ZrO2-tetragonal and ZrO2-cubic and iron oxide (?-Fe2O3, Fe3O4 and FeO) phases. The annealing in hydrogen caused reduction of iron oxides to pure iron particles and clusters in ZrO2. The magnetic parameters confirm full transformation of iron oxides to bcc iron. (authors)

252

A highly selective photoelectrochemical biosensor for uric acid based on core-shell Fe3O4@C nanoparticle and molecularly imprinted TiO2.  

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Combining the surface modification and molecular imprinting technique, a novel photoelectrochemical sensing platform with excellent photochemical catalysis and molecular recognition capabilities was established for the detection of uric acid based on the magnetic immobilization of Fe3O4@C nanoparticles onto magnetic glassy carbon electrode (MGCE) and modification of molecularly imprinted TiO2 film on Fe3O4@C. The developed biosensor was highly sensitive to uric acid in solutions, with a linear range from 0.3 to 34µM and a limit of detection of 0.02?M. Furthermore, the biosensor exhibited outstanding selectivity while used in coexisting systems containing various interferents with high concentration. The practical application of the biosensor was also realized for the selective detection of uric acid in spiked samples. The study made a successful attempt in the development of highly selective and sensitive photoelectrochemical biosensor for urine monitoring. PMID:25461147

Zhang, Chunjing; Si, Shihui; Yang, Zhengpeng

2014-10-16

253

Synthesis and Properties of Fe3O4-Activated Carbon Magnetic Nanoparticles for Removal of Aniline from Aqueous Solution: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies  

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Full Text Available In this study, powder activated carbon (PAC and magnetic nanoparticles of iron (III oxide were used for synthesis of Fe3O4-activated carbon magnetic nanoparticles (AC-Fe3O4 MNPs as an adsorbent for the removal of aniline. The characteristics of adsorbent were evaluated by SEM, TEM, XRD and BET. Also, the impact of different parameters such as pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, aniline initials concentration and solution temperature were studied. The experimental data investigated by Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and two models kinetically of pseudo first-order and pseudo second-order. The results indicated that the adsorption followed Langmuir and pseudo second-order models with correlation r2?>?0.98 and r2?>?0.99, respectively. The equilibrium time was obtained after 5 h. According to Langmuir model, the maximum adsorption capacity was 90.91 mg/g at pH?=?6, and 20°C. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that adsorption of aniline on magnetic activated carbon was exothermic and spontaneous. This synthesized AC-Fe3O4 MNPs due to have advantages such as easy and rapid separation from solution could be applied as an adsorbent effective for removal of pollutants such as aniline from water and wastewater

Babak Kakavandi

2013-02-01

254

Novel electrochemical sensing platform based on magnetic field-induced self-assembly of Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles for clinical detection of creatinine.  

Science.gov (United States)

A novel electrochemical sensing platform based on magnetic field-induced self-assembly of Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PANI NPs) has been for the first time fabricated for the sensitive detection of creatinine in biological fluids. The template molecule, creatinine, was self-assembled on the surface of Fe3O4@PANI NPs together with the functional monomer aniline by the formation of N-H hydrogen bonds. After pre-assembled, through the magnetic-induction of the magnetic glassy carbon electrode (MGCE), the ordered structure of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were established by the electropolymerization and assembled on the surface of MGCE with the help of magnetic fields by a simple one-step approach. The structural controllability of the MIPs film established by magnetic field-induced self-assembly was further studied. The stable and hydrophilic Fe3O4@PANI can not only provide available functionalized sites with which the template molecule creatinine can form hydrogen bond by the abundant amino groups in PANI matrix, but also afford a promoting pathway for electron transfer. The as-prepared molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor (MIES) shows good stability and reproducibility for the determination of creatinine with the detection limit reached 0.35 nmol L(-1) (S/N=3). In addition, the highly sensitive and selective MIES has been successfully used for the clinical determination of creatinine in human plasma and urine samples. The average recoveries were 90.8-104.9% with RSD lower than 2.7%. PMID:24487254

Wen, Tingting; Zhu, Wanying; Xue, Cheng; Wu, Jinhua; Han, Qing; Wang, Xi; Zhou, Xuemin; Jiang, Huijun

2014-06-15

255

Synthesis and diameter control of vertically-aligned carbon nanotube growth from Langmuir-Blodgett films deposited Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles  

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We synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) and Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell NPs. Vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VA-CNTs) were grown from Fe3O4 NP monolayer and Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell NP monolayer, respectively, by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The monolayer was prepared on SiO2/Si substrate by Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique. Fe3O4 NP monolayer was used as catalyst for CNT growth, and core-shell NP monolayer was used as catalyst for CNT growth, too. We found that Fe3O4 NP covered with SiO2 shell was moved from the center to the surface of core-shell NP during pre-thermal process at thermal CVD. The CNT carpet height tended to increase with the increasing thermal annealing time and decreasing shell thickness. And the average diameter of CNTs grown from core-shell LB film was smaller than that of CNTs grown from Fe3O4 LB film, and average diameter of CNTs almost conformed to Fe3O4 core size with SiO2 shell.

Ohashi, Masaaki; Sugawara, Takehiro; Kawasaki, Kohei; Kushida, Masahito

2014-02-01

256

Ultrasonic activated efficient synthesis of chromenes using amino-silane modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles: A versatile integration of high catalytic activity and facile recovery  

Science.gov (United States)

An efficient synthesis of 2-amino-4H-chromenes is achieved by one pot three component coupling reaction of aldehyde, malononitrile, and resorcinol using amino-silane modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNPs-NH2) heterogeneous nanocatalyst under sonic condition. The attractive advantages of the present process are mild reaction conditions, short reaction times, easy isolation of products, good yields and simple operational procedures. Combination of the advantages of ultrasonic irradiation and magnetic nanoparticles provides important methodology to carry out catalytic transformations.

Safari, Javad; Zarnegar, Zohre

2014-08-01

257

Reversal of multidrug resistance by magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle copolymerizating daunorubicin and MDR1 shRNA expression vector in leukemia cells  

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Full Text Available Bao-an Chen1, Pei-pei Mao1, Jian Cheng1, Feng Gao1, Guo-hua Xia1, Wen-lin Xu2, Hui-lin Shen2, Jia-hua Ding1, Chong Gao1, Qian Sun1, Wen-ji Chen1, Ning-na Chen1, Li-jie Liu3, Xiao-mao Li4, Xue-mei Wang51Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Clinical Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hematology, The Affiliated People’s Hospital, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, People’s Republic of China; 3Institution of Physiology, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Physics, University of Saarland, Saarbruecken, Germany; 5State Key Lab of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: In many instances, multidrug resistance (MDR is mediated by increasing the expression at the cell surface of the MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a 170-kD energy-dependent efflux pump. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of combination therapy with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle [MNP (Fe3O4] and MDR1 shRNA expression vector in K562/A02 cells. For stable reversal of “classical” MDR by short hairpin RNA (shRNA aiming directly at the target sequence (3491–3509, 1539–1557, and 3103–3121 nucleotide of MDR1 mRNA. PGC silencer-U6-neo-GFP-shRNA/MDR1 called PGY1–1, PGY1–2, and PGY1–3 were constructed and transfected into K562/A02 cells by lipofectamine 2000. After transfected and incubated with or without MNP (Fe3O4 for 48 hours, the transcription of MDR1 mRNA and the expression of P-gp were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western-blot assay respectively. Meanwhile intracellular concentration of DNR in K562/A02 cells was detected by flow cytometry (FCM. PGC silencer-U6-neo-GFP-shRNA/MDR1 was successfully constructed, which was confirmed by sequencing and PGY1–2 had the greatest MDR1 gene inhibitory ratio. Analysis of the reversal ratio of MDR, the concentration of daunorubicin (DNR and the transcription of MDR1 gene and expression of P-gp in K562/A02 showed that combination of DNR with either MNP (Fe3O4 or PGY1–2 exerted a potent cytotoxic effect on K562/A02 cells, while combination of MNP (Fe3O4 and PGY1–2 could synergistically reverse multidrug resistance. Thus our in vitro data strongly suggested that a combination of MNP (Fe3O4 and shRNA expression vector might be a more sufficient and less toxic anti-MDR method on leukemia. Keywords: K562/A02 cell line, multidrug resistance, magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4, recombinant plasmid vector PGY1–2

Bao-an Chen

2010-06-01

258

Study of magnetic and structural and optical properties of Zn doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method for biomedical application  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective(s: This paper describes synthesizing of magnetic nanocomposite with co-precipitation method. Materials and Methods: Magnetic ZnxFe3-xO4 nanoparticles with 0-14% zinc doping (x=0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1 and 0.125 were successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method. The prepared zinc-doped Fe 3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR, vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Results: results obtained from X-ray diffraction pattern have revealed the formation of single phase nanoparticles with cubic inverse spinal structures which size varies from 11.13 to 12.81 nm. The prepared nanoparticles have also possessed superparamagnetic properties at room temperature and high level of saturation magnetization with the maximum level of 74.60 emu/g for x=0.075. Ms changing in pure magnetite nanoparticles after impurities addition were explained based on two factors of “particles size” and “exchange interactions”. Optical studies results revealed that band gaps in all Zn-doped NPs are higher than pure Fe 3O4. As doping percent increases, band gap value decreases from 1.26 eV to 0.43 eV. Conclusion: these magnetic nanocomposite structures since having superparamagnetic property offer a high potential for biosensing and biomedical application.

Zahra Rezay Marand

2014-09-01

259

Synthesis and properties of magnetic and luminescent Fe3O4/SiO2/Dye/SiO2 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A simple and reproducible method was developed to synthesize a novel class of Fe3O4/SiO2/dye/SiO2 composite nanoparticles. As promising candidates for use in bioassays, the obtained nanoparticles have an average diameter of 30 nm, and the thickness of the outer shell of silica could be tuned by changing the concentration of the silicon precursor tetraethyl orthosilicate during the synthesis. These multifunctional nanoparticles were found to be highly luminescent, photostable and superparamagnetic. The luminescence intensity of the nanoparticles was increased as the dye concentration was increased in the preparation process. The color of the luminescence was successfully tuned by incorporating different dyes into the nanoparticles. The measurements of the emission spectra indicated that relative to the dye molecules dissolved in ethanol, the emission of the dye-doped nanoparticles exhibited either a red shift or a blue shift, to which a tentative explanation was given

260

Origin of the large dispersion of magnetic properties in nanostructured oxides: FexO/Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a case study  

Science.gov (United States)

The intimate relationship between stoichiometry and physicochemical properties in transition-metal oxides makes them appealing as tunable materials. These features become exacerbated when dealing with nanostructures. However, due to the complexity of nanoscale materials, establishing a distinct relationship between structure-morphology and functionalities is often complicated. In this regard, in the FexO/Fe3O4 system a largely unexplained broad dispersion of magnetic properties has been observed. Here we show, thanks to a comprehensive multi-technique approach, a clear correlation between the magneto-structural properties in large (45 nm) and small (9 nm) FexO/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles that can explain the spread of magnetic behaviors. The results reveal that while the FexO core in the large nanoparticles is antiferromagnetic and has bulk-like stoichiometry and unit-cell parameters, the FexO core in the small particles is highly non-stoichiometric and strained, displaying no significant antiferromagnetism. These results highlight the importance of ample characterization to fully understand the properties of nanostructured metal oxides.The intimate relationship between stoichiometry and physicochemical properties in transition-metal oxides makes them appealing as tunable materials. These features become exacerbated when dealing with nanostructures. However, due to the complexity of nanoscale materials, establishing a distinct relationship between structure-morphology and functionalities is often complicated. In this regard, in the FexO/Fe3O4 system a largely unexplained broad dispersion of magnetic properties has been observed. Here we show, thanks to a comprehensive multi-technique approach, a clear correlation between the magneto-structural properties in large (45 nm) and small (9 nm) FexO/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles that can explain the spread of magnetic behaviors. The results reveal that while the FexO core in the large nanoparticles is antiferromagnetic and has bulk-like stoichiometry and unit-cell parameters, the FexO core in the small particles is highly non-stoichiometric and strained, displaying no significant antiferromagnetism. These results highlight the importance of ample characterization to fully understand the properties of nanostructured metal oxides. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr06351a

Estrader, Marta; López-Ortega, Alberto; Golosovsky, Igor V.; Estradé, Sònia; Roca, Alejandro G.; Salazar-Alvarez, German; López-Conesa, Lluís; Tobia, Dina; Winkler, Elin; Ardisson, José D.; Macedo, Waldemar A. A.; Morphis, Andreas; Vasilakaki, Marianna; Trohidou, Kalliopi N.; Gukasov, Arsen; Mirebeau, Isabelle; Makarova, O. L.; Zysler, Roberto D.; Peiró, Francesca; Baró, Maria Dolors; Bergström, Lennart; Nogués, Josep

2015-02-01

261

Engineered spin-valve type magnetoresistance in Fe$_3$O$_4$-CoFe$_2$O$_4$ core-shell nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

Naturally occurring spin-valve-type magnetoresistance (SVMR), recently observed in Sr2FeMoO6 samples, suggests the possibility of decoupling the maximal resistance from the coercivity of the sample. Here we present the evidence that SVMR can be engineered in specifically designed and fabricated core-shell nanoparticle systems, realized here in terms of soft magnetic Fe3O4 as the core and hard magnetic insulator CoFe2O4 as the shell materials. We show that this provides a mag...

Kumar, P. Anil; Ray, Sugata; Chakraverty, S.; Sarma, D. D.

2013-01-01

262

Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles magnetic solid phase extraction coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for chromium(III) speciation in environmental and biological samples  

Science.gov (United States)

A new method for Cr(III) speciation in seven kinds of environmental and biological samples by Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) and flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) has been developed. Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles were simply prepared by sol-gel method, and the adsorptive behaviors of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) on Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles were assessed. At pH 8.0-9.0, Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles were selective towards Cr(III) but hardly Cr(VI). The retained Cr(III) was subsequently eluted with 3.0 mL of 0.5 mol L-1 HNO3 followed by magnetic decantation. Total chromium was determined after reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by ascorbic acid. Various parameters affecting Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles MSPE were optimized systematically. Under the optimum conditions, the adsorption capacity of Fe3O4@ZrO2 nanoparticles for Cr(III) is 24.5 mg g-1. With an enrichment factor (EF) of 25, detection limit of Cr(III) was 0.69 ng mL-1, and the proposed method has been successfully applied for Cr(III) speciation in seven kinds of environmental and biological samples with satisfactory results.

Wu, Yi-Wei; Zhang, Jing; Liu, Jun-Feng; Chen, Lin; Deng, Zhen-Li; Han, Mu-Xian; Wei, Xiao-Shu; Yu, Ai-Min; Zhang, Hai-Li

2012-07-01

263

Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles magnetic solid phase extraction coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for chromium(III) speciation in environmental and biological samples  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new method for Cr(III) speciation in seven kinds of environmental and biological samples by Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) and flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) has been developed. Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles were simply prepared by sol-gel method, and the adsorptive behaviors of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) on Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles were assessed. At pH 8.0-9.0, Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles were selective towards Cr(III) but hardly Cr(VI). The retained Cr(III) was subsequently eluted with 3.0 mL of 0.5 mol L-1 HNO3 followed by magnetic decantation. Total chromium was determined after reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by ascorbic acid. Various parameters affecting Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles MSPE were optimized systematically. Under the optimum conditions, the adsorption capacity of Fe3O4-ZrO2 nanoparticles for Cr(III) is 24.5 mg g-1. With an enrichment factor (EF) of 25, detection limit of Cr(III) was 0.69 ng mL-1, and the proposed method has been successfully applied for Cr(III) speciation in seven kinds of environmental and biological samples with satisfactory results.

264

Immobilized transferrin Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticle with high doxorubicin loading for dual-targeted tumor drug delivery  

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Full Text Available Wence Ding, Lin GuoKey Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry of Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Transferrin (Tf was immobilized onto Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with high doxorubicin (DOX loading (TfDMP, for dual targeting of cancer, by chemically coupling both Tf and DOX with dual-function magnetic nanoparticles (DMPs using a multi-armed crosslinker, poly-L-glutamic acid. With high trapping efficiency for magnetic targeting, TfDMP exhibits a Tf receptor-targeting function. Moreover, the DOX loading percentage of TfDMP is high, and can be controlled by adjusting the reactant ratio. TfDMP presents a narrow size distribution, and is sensitive to pH for drug release. Compared with DOX-coupled DMP without Tf modification (DDMP, TfDMP exhibits enhanced uptake by Tf receptor-expressing tumor cells, and displays stronger cancer cell cytotoxicity. This study provides an efficient method for the dual-targeted delivery of therapeutic agents to tumors, with controlled low carrier toxicity and high efficiency.Keywords: transferrin, Fe3O4@SiO2, nanoparticle, doxorubicin, targeted tumor

Ding W

2013-12-01

265

Origin of the large dispersion of magnetic properties in nanostructured oxides: FexO/Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a case study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The intimate relationship between stoichiometry and physicochemical properties in transition-metal oxides makes them appealing as tunable materials. These features become exacerbated when dealing with nanostructures. However, due to the complexity of nanoscale materials, establishing a distinct relationship between structure-morphology and functionalities is often complicated. In this regard, in the FexO/Fe3O4 system a largely unexplained broad dispersion of magnetic properties has been observed. Here we show, thanks to a comprehensive multi-technique approach, a clear correlation between the magneto-structural properties in large (45 nm) and small (9 nm) FexO/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles that can explain the spread of magnetic behaviors. The results reveal that while the FexO core in the large nanoparticles is antiferromagnetic and has bulk-like stoichiometry and unit-cell parameters, the FexO core in the small particles is highly non-stoichiometric and strained, displaying no significant antiferromagnetism. These results highlight the importance of ample characterization to fully understand the properties of nanostructured metal oxides. PMID:25600147

Estrader, Marta; López-Ortega, Alberto; Golosovsky, Igor V; Estradé, Sònia; Roca, Alejandro G; Salazar-Alvarez, German; López-Conesa, Lluís; Tobia, Dina; Winkler, Elin; Ardisson, José D; Macedo, Waldemar A A; Morphis, Andreas; Vasilakaki, Marianna; Trohidou, Kalliopi N; Gukasov, Arsen; Mirebeau, Isabelle; Makarova, O L; Zysler, Roberto D; Peiró, Francesca; Baró, Maria Dolors; Bergström, Lennart; Nogués, Josep

2015-02-01

266

Preconcentration of emerging contaminants in environmental water samples by using silica supported Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for improving mass detection in capillary liquid chromatography.  

Science.gov (United States)

A magnetic material based on Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles incorporated in a silica matrix by using a sol-gel procedure has been used to extract and preconcentrate emerging contaminants such as acetylsalicylic acid, acetaminophen, diclofenac and ibuprofen from environmental water samples prior to the analysis with Capillary LC-MS. The use of the proposed silica supported Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles enables surfactant free extracts for the analysis with MS detection without interferences in the ionisation step. Under the optimum conditions, we demonstrated the reusability of the magnetic sorbent material during 20 uses without loss in the extraction efficiency. In addition, no cleanup was necessary. The preconcentration factor was 100 and the detection limits were between 50 and 150 ng/L. The proposed procedure has been applied to the analysis of water samples obtaining recoveries between 80 and 110% and RSD values lower than 12%. Concentrations of the target analytes over the range 1.7 and 0.1 ?g/L have been found in different water samples. PMID:21388625

Moliner-Martínez, Yolanda; Ribera, Antonio; Coronado, Eugenio; Campíns-Falcó, P

2011-04-22

267

Synthesis and characterization of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 and Fe3O4 nanoparticle ferrofluids for thermo-electric conversion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ferrofluids containing nanoparticles of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (MZ5) and Fe3O4 (magnetite) have been examined as potential thermal transport media and energy harvesting materials. The ferrofluids were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation and characterized by EDX to determine composition and by TEM to determine particle size and agglomeration. A range of particle coatings and carrier fluids were used to complete the fluid preparation. Commercially available ferrofluids were tested in custom built rigs to demonstrate both thermal pumping (for waste heat removal applications) and power induction (for power conversion and energy harvesting applications). The results indicate that simple ferrofluids possess the necessary properties to remove waste heat, either into thermal storage or for conversion to electrical power. - Highlights: ? The synthesis of nanoparticle ferrofluids based on Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 and Fe3O4 is reported. ? The thermal properties of the ferrofluids creates a novel pump with no moving parts. ? Thermal energy harvesting for conversion into electrical power is demonstrated

268

Magnetically assisted solid phase extraction using Fe3O4 nanoparticles combined with enhanced spectrofluorimetric detection for aflatoxin M1 determination in milk samples.  

Science.gov (United States)

A novel, facile and inexpensive solid phase extraction (SPE) method using ethylene glycol bis-mercaptoacetate modified 3-(trimethoxysilyl)-1-propanethiol grafted Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles coupled with spectrofluorimetric detection was proposed for determination of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in liquid milk samples. The method uses the advantage fluorescence enhancement by ?-cyclodexterin complexation of AFM1 in 12% (v/v) acetonitrile-water and the remarkable properties of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles namely high surface area and strong magnetization were utilized to achieve high enrichment factor (57) and satisfactory extraction recoveries (91-102%) using only 100 mg of magnetic adsorbent. Furthermore, fast separation time of about 15 min avoids many time-consuming column-passing procedures of conventional SPE. The main factors affecting extraction efficiency including pH value, desorption conditions, extraction/desorption time, sample volume, and adsorbent amount were evaluated and optimized. Under the optimal conditions, a wide linear range of 0.04-8 ng mL(-1) with a low detection limit of 0.015 ng mL(-1) was obtained. The developed method was applied for extraction and preconcentration of AFM1 in three commercially available milk samples and the results were compared with the official AOAC method. PMID:25127653

Taherimaslak, Zohreh; Amoli-Diva, Mitra; Allahyary, Mehdi; Pourghazi, Kamyar

2014-09-01

269

Magnetic BaFe12O19 nanofiber filter for effective separation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and removal of arsenic  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetic nanoparticles are promising in applications where magnetic separation is intended, although material losses via leaching mechanisms are often inevitable. Magnetic separations with widely available permanent magnets can effectively trap particles, leading to a complete removal of used or waste particles. In this report, we first demonstrate the synthesis of the thinnest (112.7 ± 16.4 nm) and most magnetic (71.96 emu g?1) barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19, BHF—fridge magnet) via an organic solvent-free electrospinning procedure. When the fibers are then packed into a column, they clearly remove 12 nm magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles quantitatively. The same BHF cartridge also removes more than 99.9 % As-treated magnetite nanoparticles at capacities up to 70 times of its weight. As a result, one liter of 150 ?g L?1 As-contaminated water can be purified rapidly at a material cost of less than 2 US cents

270

Facile approach to suppress ?-Fe2O3 to ?-Fe2O3 phase transition beyond 600 °C in Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on a zeolite template have been synthesized using wet chemical approach. The average particle size initially decreases from 8.5 to 6 nm (increasing zeolite concentration from 0 to 75 mg) but increases to 11 nm for higher zeolite concentration (100 mg). Room temperature magnetization curves show an initial decrease in saturation magnetization from 62 to 42 emu per gram due to decrease in particle size as well as increase in contribution from nonmagnetic zeolite template. Further increase in zeolite concentration to 100 mg results in a significant increase in saturation magnetization from 42 to 51 emu per gram. Calorimetric studies show a continuous enhancement in ?-Fe2O3 to ?-Fe2O3 phase transition temperature from 590 to 715 °C by increasing the zeolite concentration from 0 to 75 gm. The exothermic peak corresponding to the ?-Fe2O3 to ?-Fe2O3 phase transition has been completely suppressed for nanoparticles prepared in presence of 100 mg of zeolite. Mössbauer spectra of as-synthesized nanoparticles show an increase of superparamagnetic components from 7 to 36% corresponding to increase in zeolite concentration from 0 to 100 mg. Mössbauer spectra of pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles annealed at 500 °C shows formation of pure ?-Fe2O3 phase and Mössbauer spectra of particles prepared in presence of 25 mg shows only 18% of ?-Fe2O3 phase after annealing at 550 °C. Further increase in zeolite concentration to 50 and 75 mg (annealed at 550 °C) leads to pure ?-Fe2O3. Annealing of Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared in the presence of 100 mg of zeolite at 650 °C shows formation of only 8% ?-Fe2O3 phase. Our results show an easy and effective method to enhance the thermal stability of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles making it suitable for high temperature applications.

Pati, S. S.; Herojit Singh, L.; Mantilla Ochoa, J. C.; Guimarãesa, E. M.; Sales, M. J. A.; Coaquira, J. A. H.; Oliveira, A. C.; Garg, V. K.

2015-04-01

271

Bifunctional polydopamine@Fe3O4 core–shell nanoparticles for electrochemical determination of lead(II) and cadmium(II)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: •The bifunctional nanocomposites were synthesized. •A modified magnetic glassy carbon electrode was fabricated. •The electrode was used for the selective detection of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions. •The proposed sensor features a wider linear range and higher sensitivity. -- Abstract: The present paper has focused on the potential application of the bifunctional polydopamine@Fe3O4 core–shell nanoparticles for development of a simple, stable and highly selective electrochemical method for metal ions monitoring in real samples. The electrochemical method is based on electrochemical preconcentration/reduction of metal ions onto a polydopamine@Fe3O4 modified magnetic glassy carbon electrode at ?1.1 V (versus SCE) in 0.1 M pH 5.0 acetate solution containing Pb2+ and Cd2+ during 160 s, followed by subsequent anodic stripping. The proposed method has been demonstrated highly selective and sensitive detection of Pb2+ and Cd2+, with the calculated detection limits of 1.4 × 10?11 M and 9.2 × 10?11 M. Under the optimized conditions, the square wave anodic stripping voltammetry response of the modified electrode to Pb2+ (or Cd2+) shows a linear concentration range of 5.0–600 nM (or 20–590 nM) with a correlation coefficient of 0.997 (or 0.994). Further, the proposed method has been performed to successfully detect Pb2+ and Cd2+ in aqueous effluent

272

Bare and protein-conjugated Fe3O4 ferromagnetic nanoparticles for utilization in magnetically assisted hemodialysis: biocompatibility with human blood cells  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetically assisted hemodialysis is a development of conventional hemodialysis and is based on the circulation of ferromagnetic nanoparticle-targeted binding substance conjugates (FN-TBS Cs) in the bloodstream of the patient and their eventual removal by means of a 'magnetic dialyzer'. Presented here is an in vitro investigation on the biocompatibility of bare Fe3O4 FNs and Fe3O4-bovine serum albumin Cs with blood cells, namely red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets (Plts). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and optical microscopy (OM) enabled the examination of blood cells at the nanometer and micrometer level, respectively. The observations made on FN- and C-maturated blood samples are contrasted to those obtained on FN- and C-free reference blood samples subjected to exactly the same maturation procedure. Qualitatively, both AFM and OM revealed no changes in the overall shape of RBCs, WBCs and Plts. Incidents where bare FNs or Cs were bound onto the surface of RBCs or internalized by WBCs were very rare. Detailed examination by means of OM proved that impaired coagulation of Plts is not initiated/promoted either by FNs or Cs. Quantitatively, the statistical analysis of the obtained AFM images from RBC surfaces clearly revealed that the mean surface roughness of RBCs maturated with bare FNs or Cs was identical to the one of reference RBCs.

273

Bare and protein-conjugated Fe3O4 ferromagnetic nanoparticles for utilization in magnetically assisted hemodialysis: biocompatibility with human blood cells  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetically assisted hemodialysis is a development of conventional hemodialysis and is based on the circulation of ferromagnetic nanoparticle-targeted binding substance conjugates (FN-TBS Cs) in the bloodstream of the patient and their eventual removal by means of a 'magnetic dialyzer'. Presented here is an in vitro investigation on the biocompatibility of bare Fe3O4 FNs and Fe3O4-bovine serum albumin Cs with blood cells, namely red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets (Plts). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and optical microscopy (OM) enabled the examination of blood cells at the nanometer and micrometer level, respectively. The observations made on FN- and C-maturated blood samples are contrasted to those obtained on FN- and C-free reference blood samples subjected to exactly the same maturation procedure. Qualitatively, both AFM and OM revealed no changes in the overall shape of RBCs, WBCs and Plts. Incidents where bare FNs or Cs were bound onto the surface of RBCs or internalized by WBCs were very rare. Detailed examination by means of OM proved that impaired coagulation of Plts is not initiated/promoted either by FNs or Cs. Quantitatively, the statistical analysis of the obtained AFM images from RBC surfaces clearly revealed that the mean surface roughness of RBCs maturated with bare FNs or Cs was identical to the one of reference RBCs.

Stamopoulos, D.; Manios, E.; Gogola, V.; Benaki, D.; Bouziotis, P.; Niarchos, D.; Pissas, M.

2008-12-01

274

Studies on Properties of Rice Straw/Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Polycaprolactone and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Modified rice straw/Fe3O4/polycaprolactone nanocomposites (ORS/Fe3O4/ PCL-NCs have been prepared for the first time using a solution casting method. The RS/Fe3O4-NCs were modified with octadecylamine (ODA as an organic modifier. The prepared NCs were characterized by using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR. The XRD results showed that as the intensity of the peaks decreased with the increase of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs content in comparison with PCL peaks, the Fe3O4-NPs peaks increased from 1.0 to 60.0 wt. %. The TEM and SEM results showed a good dispersion of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs in the PCL matrix and the spherical shape of the NPs. The TGA analysis indicated thermal stability of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs increased after incorporation with PCL but the thermal stability of ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NCs decreased with the increase of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs content. Tensile strength was improved with the addition of 5.0 wt. % of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs. The antibacterial activities of the ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NC films were examined against Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus by diffusion method using nutrient agar. The results indicated that ORS/Fe3O4/PCL-NC films possessed a strong antibacterial activity with the increase in the percentage of ORS/Fe3O4-NCs in the PCL.

Roshanak Khandanlou

2014-10-01

275

Fe3O4 magnetic core coated by silver and functionalized with N-acetyl cysteine as novel nanoparticles in ferritin adsorption  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A novel metal-chelate affinity matrix utilizing N-acetyl cysteine as a metal chelating agent was synthesized. For this, magnetic Fe3O4 core was coated with silver by chemical reduction. Then, these magnetic silver nanoparticles were covered with N-acetyl cysteine, and Fe3+ was chelated to this modified magnetic silver nanoparticle. These magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by SEM, AFM, EDX, and ESR analysis. Synthesized nanoparticles were spherical and average size is found to be 69 nm. Fe3+ chelated magnetic silver nanoparticles were used for the adsorption of ferritin from its aqueous solution. Optimum conditions for the ferritin adsorption experiments were performed at pH 6.0 phosphate buffer and 25 °C of medium temperature and the maximum ferritin adsorption capacity is found to be 89.57 mg/g nanoparticle. Ferritin adsorption onto magnetic silver nanoparticles was increased with increasing ferritin concentration while adsorption capacity was decreased with increasing ionic strength. Affinity of the magnetic silver nanoparticles to the ferritin molecule was shown with SPR analysis. It was also observed that the adsorption capacity of the magnetic silver nanoparticles was not significantly changed after the five adsorption/desorption cycles.

276

Separation and preconcentration of trace amounts of silver (I) in water samples based on dithizone modified sodium dodecyl sulfate-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Complete text of publication follows. Using magnetic nanoparticles for separation and preconcentration in analytical chemistry is opening a new methodology that is faster, simpler and more precise than old ones. In this work, a simple and reliable solid-phase extraction method has been developed to selectively separate and preconcentrate trace amounts of silver (I) from aqueous samples for subsequent measurement by atomic absorption spectrometry. Silver ion was adsorbed quantitatively from aqueous solution onto magnetic nano-adsorbent with dithizone (DTZ) immobilized on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (DTZ-S-IONPs). SDS as a surfactant makes admicelle on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which allows the metal complexing agent of DTZ, to be immobilized in its hydrocarbon cores. This assemble, as a chelating adsorbent, has made the separation and preconcentration of silver ion possible. It is shown that the novel magnetic nano-adsorbent is quite efficient for the adsorption and desorption of silver (I) at 25 deg C. Different parameters such as pH, temperature, ionic strength, equilibrium time, type and least amount of stripping solution were optimized. The effect of some co-existing ions on the determination was investigated. An aqueous solution containing thiourea has been used in order to selectively desorb the adsorbed silver ion from the surface of the adsorbent. No serious interferences have beesorbent. No serious interferences have been observed due to the presence of another species in the sample. The separation selectivity of the adsorbent for other cations was studied. To improve this, EDTA was added to the source solution before applying to the DTZ-S-IONPs as chelating adsorbent. The procedure was applied for analysis of two real samples. The method is simple and inexpensive. This research was supported by the Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research Laboratory (NNRL) Payame Noor University of Sirjan.

277

Multifunctional uniform core-shell Fe3O4@mSiO2 mesoporous nanoparticles for bimodal imaging and photothermal therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Multimodal imaging and simultaneous therapy is highly desirable because it can provide complementary information from each imaging modality for accurate diagnosis and, at the same time, afford an imaging-guided focused tumor therapy. In this study, indocyanine green (ICG), a near-infrared (NIR) imaging agent and perfect NIR light absorber for laser-mediated photothermal therapy, was successfully incorporated into superparamagnetic Fe(3)O(4)@mSiO(2) core-shell nanoparticles to combine the merit of NIR/magnetic resonance (MR) bimodal imaging properties with NIR photothermal therapy. The resultant nanoparticles were homogenously coated with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) to make the surface of the composite nanoparticles positively charged, which would enhance cellular uptake driven by electrostatic interactions between the positive surface of the nanoparticles and the negative surface of the cancer cell. A high biocompatibility of the achieved nanoparticles was demonstrated by using a cell cytotoxicity assay. Moreover, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) observations indicated excellent NIR fluorescent imaging properties of the ICG-loaded nanoparticles. The relatively high r(2) value (171.6 mM(-1) s(-1)) of the nanoparticles implies its excellent capability as a contrast agent for MRI. More importantly, the ICG-loaded nanoparticles showed perfect NIR photothermal therapy properties, thus indicating their potential for simultaneous cancer diagnosis as highly effective NIR/MR bimodal imaging probes and for NIR photothermal therapy of cancerous cells. PMID:23225542

Li, Jingguo; Jiang, Hao; Yu, Zhiqiang; Xia, Hongyan; Zou, Gang; Zhang, Qijin; Yu, Yue

2013-02-01

278

Particle size effects on the magnetic behaviour of 5 to 11 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with oleic acid  

Science.gov (United States)

The magnetic behaviour of 5 to 11 nm magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) was measured at various temperatures (Ts) from 20 to 400 K. The particles were fabricated via thermal decomposition of an iron precursor, and involved a coating of the particles with oleic acid. The particle size distribution was analysed by XRD measurements and TEM imaging. Magnetization loops, measured at various Ts, indicate a superparamagnetic behaviour at high T and the occurrence of hysteresis at low T, with a stronger coercivity for the larger particles. Zero-Field-Cooling (ZFC) and Field Cooling (FC) curves indicate a superparamagnetic behaviour, with a blocking temperature varying significantly with the particle size. Namely, the peak temperature, Tmax, increases from 30 K to 170 K when the particle size increases from 5 nm to 11nm. Magnetic couplings between particles appear stronger for larger particles.

Chesnel, K.; Trevino, M.; Cai, Y.; Hancock, J. M.; Smith, S. J.; Harrison, R. G.

2014-06-01

279

Comparison of the magnetic, radiolabeling, hyperthermic and biodistribution properties of hybrid nanoparticles bearing CoFe2O4 and Fe3O4 metal cores.  

Science.gov (United States)

Metal oxide nanoparticles, hybridized with various polymeric chemicals, represent a novel and breakthrough application in drug delivery, hyperthermia treatment and imaging techniques. Radiolabeling of these nanoformulations can result in new and attractive dual-imaging agents as well as provide accurate in vivo information on their biodistribution profile. In this paper a comparison study has been made between two of the most promising hybrid core-shell nanosystems, bearing either magnetite (Fe3O4) or cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) cores, regarding their magnetic, radiolabeling, hyperthermic and biodistribution properties. While hyperthermic properties were found to be affected by the metal-core type, the radiolabeling ability and the in vivo fate of the nanoformulations seem to depend critically on the size and the shell composition. PMID:24334365

Psimadas, D; Baldi, G; Ravagli, C; Comes Franchini, M; Locatelli, E; Innocenti, C; Sangregorio, C; Loudos, G

2014-01-17

280

Fe3O4/?-Fe2O3 nanoparticle multilayers deposited by the Langmuir-Blodgett technique for gas sensors application.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4/?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) based thin films were used as active layers in solid state resistive chemical sensors. NPs were synthesized by high temperature solution phase reaction. Sensing NP monolayers (ML) were deposited by Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) techniques onto chemoresistive transduction platforms. The sensing ML were UV treated to remove NP insulating capping. Sensors surface was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Systematic gas sensing tests in controlled atmosphere were carried out toward NO2, CO, and acetone at different concentrations and working temperatures of the sensing layers. The best sensing performance results were obtained for sensors with higher NPs coverage (10 ML), mainly for NO2 gas showing interesting selectivity toward nitrogen oxides. Electrical properties and conduction mechanisms are discussed. PMID:24410195

Capone, S; Manera, M G; Taurino, A; Siciliano, P; Rella, R; Luby, S; Benkovicova, M; Siffalovic, P; Majkova, E

2014-02-01

281

Reduction of hematite with ethanol to produce magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4, Fe1-xO or Fe0 coated with carbon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The production of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 or Fe0 coated with carbon and carbon nanotubes was investigated by the reduction of hematite with ethanol in a Temperature Programmed Reaction up to 950 deg. C. XRD and Moessbauer measurements showed after reaction at 350 deg. C the partial reduction of hematite to magnetite. At 600 deg. C the hematite is completely reduced to magnetite (59%), wuestite (39%) and metallic iron (7%). At higher temperatures, carbide and metallic iron are the only phases present. TG weight losses suggested the formation of 3-56 wt.% carbon deposits after reaction with ethanol. It was observed by SEM images a high concentration of nanometric carbon filaments on the material surface. BET analyses showed a slight increase in the surface area after reaction. These materials have potential application as catalyst support and removal of spilled oil contaminants.

282

Study on synthesis of poly(GMA)-grafted Fe3O4/SiOX magnetic nanoparticles using atom transfer radical polymerization and their application for lipase immobilization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Functionalized superparamagnetic particles were prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate onto the surface of modified Fe3O4/SiOX nanoparticles. The obtained particles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Candida rugosa lipase was covalently immobilized on the magnetic particles in mild condition via covalent binding with a higher activity recovery. The resulting immobilized lipase had better resistance to pH and temperature inactivation in comparison to free lipase, the adaptive pH and temperature ranges of lipase were widened, and it exhibited good thermal stability and reusability.

283

An amperometric acetylcholinesterase sensor based on Fe3O4 nanoparticle/multi-walled carbon nanotube-modified ITO-coated glass plate for the detection of pesticides  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Constructed AChE biosensor based on AChE/Fe3O4NPs/c-MWCNT/ITO electrode. ? Enzyme electrode was characterized by AFM, FTIR, CV and EIS. ? Detection limit and working range of biosensor were 0.1 nM and 0.1–100 nM. ? Half life of enzyme electrode was 3 months. ? Biosensor measured pesticides in environmental and food samples. - Abstract: A method is described for the construction of a highly sensitive electrochemical biosensor for the detection of malathion, chlorpyrifos, monocrotophos and endosulfan based on covalent immobilization of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) on iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4NPs)-decorated carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (c-MWCNTs) electrodeposited onto indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass plate. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) and UV analysis of nanocomposite materials demonstrated that Fe3O4NPs were well deposited on the outer walls of c-MWCNTs. The modified electrode was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The resulting biosensor exhibited a linear response for acetylthiocholine in a concentration range of 0.1–700 ?mol L?1 with a remarkable sensitivity of 0.402 mA/?mol L?1. Under optimum conditions, the inhibition rates of pesticides were proportional to their concentrations itheir concentrations in the range of 0.1–70 nmol L?1, 0.1–50 nmol L?1, 0.1–70 nmol L?1 and 0.1–100 nmol L?1 for malathion, chlorpyrifos, monocrotophos and endosulfan, respectively. The detection limit of the biosensor for all pesticides was 0.1 nmol L?1 at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The biosensor showed good reproducibility, no interference by metal ions and long-term stability. The measurement results obtained by the present biosensor were in good agreement with those obtained by the standard gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method. The biosensor was employed for the determination of pesticides in environmental and food samples.

284

Room temperature synthesis of magnetite (Fe3??O4) nanoparticles by a simple reverse co-precipitation method.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Ro?. 18, ?. 3 (2011), 032020/1-032020/4. ISSN 1757-8981 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : ferromagnetic nanoparticles * magnetite nanoparticles synthesis * maghemi Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

Mahmed, N.; Heczko, Oleg; Söderberg, O.; Hannula, S.-P.

2011-01-01

285

Synthesis of amino-silane modified superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its application in immobilization of lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens Lp1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. ? Surface was functionalized with amino-silane and used for lipase immobilization. ? Characterized through TEM, SEM, XRD, FT-IR and VSM analysis. ? The functionalization and immobilization did not affect the magnetite properties. ? The immobilized lipase showed greater functional property than free lipase. - Abstract: Superparamagnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4–magnetite) were prepared by chemical co-precipitation method and their surface was functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane via silanization reaction to obtain amino functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. The purified lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens Lp1 was immobilized onto functionalized magnetite using glutaraldehyde as the coupling agent. The characterization of the nanoparticles was done by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy. The size of the magnetite was measured about 10–30 nm. The results of characterization study revealed the successful immobilization of lipase on to functionalized magnetite. The saturation magnetization of magnetic nanoparticles was found to be 28.34 emu/g whereas the immobilized magnetic nanoparticle was 17.074 emu/g. The immobilized lipase had greater activity at 50 °C and thermal stability upto 70 °C. It exhibited excellent reusability for 4 cycles and storage stability upto 15 days by retaining 75% of its initial activity

286

Synthesis and application of strawberry-like Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles as CT-MR dual-modality contrast agents in accurate detection of the progressive liver disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Development of non-invasive assay for the accurate diagnosis of progressive liver diseases (e.g., fatty liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)) is of great clinical significance and remains to be a big challenge. Herein, we reported the synthesis of strawberry-like Fe3O4-Au hybrid nanoparticles at room temperature that simultaneously exhibited fluorescence, enhanced X-ray attenuation, and magnetic properties. The results of in vitro fluorescence assay showed that the nanoparticles had significant photo-stability and could avoid the endosome degradation in cells. The in vivo imaging of normal mice demonstrated that the Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles provided 34.61-fold contrast enhancement under magnetic resonance (MR) guidance 15 min post the administration. Computed tomography (CT) measurements showed that the highest Hounsfield Unit (HU) was 174 at 30 min post the injection of Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles. In vivo performance of the Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles was further evaluated in rat models bearing three different liver diseases. For the fatty liver model, nearly homogeneous contrast enhancement was observed under both MR (highest contrast ratio 47.33) and CT (from 19 HU to 72 HU) guidances without the occurrences of focal nodules or dysfunction. For the cirrhotic liver and HCC, pronounced enhancement under MR and CT guidance could be seen in liver parenchyma with highlighted lesions after Fe3O4-Au injection. Furthermore, pathological, hematological and biochemical analysis revealed the absence of acute and chronic toxicity, confirming the biocompatibility of our platform for in vivo applications. Collectively, These Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles showed great promise as a candidate for multi-modality bio-imaging. PMID:25771010

Zhao, Hui Y; Liu, Sen; He, Jian; Pan, Chao C; Li, Hui; Zhou, Zheng Y; Ding, Yin; Huo, Da; Hu, Yong

2015-05-01

287

A novel DNA nanosensor based on CdSe/ZnS quantum dots and synthesized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although nanoparticle-enhanced biosensors have been extensively researched, few studies have systematically characterized the roles of nanoparticles in enhancing biosensor functionality. This paper describes a successful new method in which DNA binds directly to iron oxide nanoparticles for use in an optical biosensor. A wide variety of nanoparticles with different properties have found broad application in biosensors because their small physical size presents unique chemical, physical, and electronic properties that are different from those of bulk materials. Of all nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles are proving to be a versatile tool, an excellent case in point being in DNA bioassays, where magnetic nanoparticles are often used for optimization of the hybridization and separation of target DNA. A critical step in the successful construction of a DNA biosensor is the efficient attachment of biomolecules to the surface of magnetic nanoparticles. To date, most methods of synthesizing these nanoparticles have led to the formation of hydrophobic particles that require additional surface modifications. As a result, the surface to volume ratio decreases and nonspecific bindings may occur so that the sensitivity and efficiency of the device deteriorates. A new method of large-scale synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles which results in the magnetite particles being in aqueous phase, was employed in this study. Small modifications were applied to design an optical DNA nanosensor based on sandwich hybridization. Characterization of the synthesized particles was carried out using a variety of techniques and CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots were used as the reporter markers in a spectrofluorophotometer. We showed conclusively that DNA binds to the surface of ironoxide nanoparticles without further surface modifications and that these magnetic nanoparticles can be efficiently utilized as biomolecule carriers in biosensing devices. PMID:24722589

Hushiarian, Roozbeh; Yusof, Nor Azah; Abdullah, Abdul Halim; Ahmad, Shahrul Ainliah Alang; Dutse, Sabo Wada

2014-01-01

288

A Novel DNA Nanosensor Based on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots and Synthesized Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although nanoparticle-enhanced biosensors have been extensively researched, few studies have systematically characterized the roles of nanoparticles in enhancing biosensor functionality. This paper describes a successful new method in which DNA binds directly to iron oxide nanoparticles for use in an optical biosensor. A wide variety of nanoparticles with different properties have found broad application in biosensors because their small physical size presents unique chemical, physical, and electronic properties that are different from those of bulk materials. Of all nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles are proving to be a versatile tool, an excellent case in point being in DNA bioassays, where magnetic nanoparticles are often used for optimization of the hybridization and separation of target DNA. A critical step in the successful construction of a DNA biosensor is the efficient attachment of biomolecules to the surface of magnetic nanoparticles. To date, most methods of synthesizing these nanoparticles have led to the formation of hydrophobic particles that require additional surface modifications. As a result, the surface to volume ratio decreases and nonspecific bindings may occur so that the sensitivity and efficiency of the device deteriorates. A new method of large-scale synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4 nanoparticles which results in the magnetite particles being in aqueous phase, was employed in this study. Small modifications were applied to design an optical DNA nanosensor based on sandwich hybridization. Characterization of the synthesized particles was carried out using a variety of techniques and CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots were used as the reporter markers in a spectrofluorophotometer. We showed conclusively that DNA binds to the surface of ironoxide nanoparticles without further surface modifications and that these magnetic nanoparticles can be efficiently utilized as biomolecule carriers in biosensing devices.

Roozbeh Hushiarian

2014-04-01

289

Fe3O4 nanoparticles as robust photothermal agents for driving high barrier reactions under ambient conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) show remarkable stability during extreme photothermal heating (?770 K), displaying no change in size, crystallinity, or surfactants. The heat produced is also shown as chemically useful, driving the high-barrier thermal decomposition of polypropylene carbonate. This suggests MNPs are better photothermal agents (compared to gold nanoparticles), for photothermally driving high-barrier chemical transformations. PMID:25406790

Johnson, Robert J G; Haas, Kaitlin M; Lear, Benjamin J

2015-01-01

290

Influence of aqueous environment on agglomeration and dissolution of thiol-functionalised mesoporous silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present research work is to investigate the stability and dissolution of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) and thiol-functionalised mesoporous silica-coated magnetite NPs (TF-SCMNPs). The state of NPs in an aqueous environment was investigated under different pH conditions. Changes in the NPs' mean diameter due to aggregation were measured over a specific time. The effects of contact time and pH on the dissolution of NPs were also investigated. In order to avoid possible aggregation, Fe3O4 NPs were coated with silica and functionalised further with thiol organic groups. These methods imparted excellent stability to magnetite NPs in an aqueous medium over a wide range of pH values with reasonable hydrodynamic size. The organic group bound magnetite NPs allowed these particles to circulate over a long time in the aqueous system, and particle aggregation and sedimentation did not occur. The trend of decreasing zeta potential was observed after grafting thiol onto the surface of the SCMNPs. The results also revealed that silica exhibited a noteworthy efficient in eliminating the pH dependence and enhancing the NP stability of SCMNPs and SH-SCMNPs in aqueous medium. On the other hand, the dissolution of Fe3O4 NPs was found to be detrimental at pH 2.0 and 4.0 or had a long contact time. PMID:24898295

Hakami, Othman; Zhang, Yue; Banks, Charles J

2015-03-01

291

Magneto-transport study of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles between Au nanogap electrodes on surface-oxidized Si substrate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have studied the magneto-transport of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (MNPs) between Au nanogap electrodes (ANGEs) on surface-oxidized Si substrate. The MNP sizes are approximately 40 nm and the 100 nm thick magnetite thin film (which is formed of the MNP aggregation) was prepared between and around the ANGEs by use of the RF reactive magnetron sputtering method. The distance between the ANGEs and the bridge width of the ANGEs are approximately 50 nm and 1.5 ?m, respectively. The ANGEs were produced by the tilted-angle-deposition method. The optical microscope, scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope were used to observe the sample surface structure and morphology. To investigate the crystal structure and crystallinity of the MNPs, the X-ray diffraction measurement was performed. The electrical resistance and magneto-resistance ratio of the MNPs between the ANGEs were measured as a function of temperature. The magneto-transport mechanism is discussed on the basis of the spin dependent transport. -- Highlights: ? Between Au nanogap electrodes, magnetite nanoparticle aggregation was prepared. ? Magnetite nanoparticle aggregation was produced by the RF magnetron sputtering method. ? Resistivity and magnetoresistance of magnetite nanoparticle aggregation were measured. ? We propose the tunneling magneto-resistance model due to amorphous-like grain boundaries. ? The model explains temperature dependence on resistivity and magneto-resistance

292

Magnetic ?-Fe2O3, Fe3O4, and Fe nanoparticles confined within ordered mesoporous carbons as efficient microwave absorbers.  

Science.gov (United States)

A series of magnetic ?-Fe2O3, Fe3O4, and Fe nanoparticles have been successfully introduced into the mesochannels of ordered mesoporous carbons by the combination of the impregnation of iron salt precursors and then in situ hydrolysis, pyrolysis and reduction processes. The magnetic nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed and confined within the mesopores of mesoporous carbons. Although the as-prepared magnetic mesoporous carbon composites have high contents of magnetic components, they still possess very high specific surface areas and pore volumes. The magnetic hysteresis loops measurements indicate that the magnetic constituents are poorly-crystalline nanoparticles and their saturation magnetization is evidently smaller than bulky magnetic materials. The confinement of magnetic nanoparticles within the mesopores of mesoporous carbons results in the decrease of the complex permittivity and the increase of the complex permeability of the magnetic nanocomposites. The maximum reflection loss (RL) values of -32 dB at 11.3 GHz and a broad absorption band (over 2 GHz) with RL values magnetic mesoporous carbon composites as high-performance microwave absorbing materials. PMID:25562071

Wang, Jiacheng; Zhou, Hu; Zhuang, Jiandong; Liu, Qian

2015-02-01

293

Studies on Properties of Rice Straw/Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Polycaprolactone and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity  

OpenAIRE

Modified rice straw/Fe3O4/polycaprolactone nanocomposites (ORS/Fe3O4/ PCL-NCs) have been prepared for the first time using a solution casting method. The RS/Fe3O4-NCs were modified with octadecylamine (ODA) as an organic modifier. The prepared NCs were characterized by using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The XRD results showed th...

Roshanak Khandanlou; Ahmad, Mansor B.; Kamyar Shameli; Elnaz Saki; Katayoon Kalantari

2014-01-01

294

Sulfonic acid-functionalized silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles as an efficient reusable catalyst for the synthesis of 1-substituted 1H-tetrazoles under solvent-free conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Regarding green chemistry goals, silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles open up a new avenue to introduce a very useful and efficient system for facilitating catalyst recovery in different organic reactions. Therefore, in this paper the preparation of sulfonic acid-functionalized silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles with core-shell structure (Fe3O4@silica sulfonic acid) is presented by using Fe3O4 spheres as the core and silica sulfonic acid nanoparticles as the shell. The catalyst was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, dynamic light scattering, thermogravimetric analysis and vibrating sample magnetometry. Nanocatalyst can be recovered using an external magnet and reused for subsequent reactions 6 times without noticeable deterioration in catalytic activity. PMID:25030453

Naeimi, Hossein; Mohamadabadi, Samaneh

2014-09-14

295

Magnetic loading of TiO2/SiO2/Fe3O4 nanoparticles on electrode surface for photoelectrocatalytic degradation of diclofenac  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Magnetic TSF nanoparticles are immobilized on electrode surface with aid of magnet. ? Magnetically attached TSF electrode shows high photoelectrochemical activity. ? Diclofenac is effectively degraded on TSF-loaded electrode by photoelectrocatalysis. ? Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of diclofenac is monitored with voltammetry. - Abstract: A novel magnetic nanomaterials-loaded electrode developed for photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) treatment of pollutants was described. Prior to electrode fabrication, magnetic TiO2/SiO2/Fe3O4 (TSF) nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and FT-IR measurements. The nanoparticles were dispersed in ethanol and then immobilized on a graphite electrode surface with aid of magnet to obtain a TSF-loaded electrode with high photoelectrochemical activity. The performance of the TSF-loaded electrode was tested by comparing the PEC degradation of methylene blue in the presence and absence of magnet. The magnetically attached TSF electrode showed higher PEC degradation efficiency with desirable stability. Such a TSF-loaded electrode was applied to PEC degradation of diclofenac. After 45 min PEC treatment, 95.3% of diclofenac was degraded on the magnetically attached TSF electrode.

296

Attenuation of the early events of ?-synuclein aggregation: a fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and laser scanning microscopy study in the presence of surface-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aggregation of ?-synuclein (A-syn) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although the early events of aggregation and not the matured amyloid fibrils are believed to be responsible for the toxicity, it has been difficult to probe the formation of early oligomers experimentally. We studied the effect of Fe3O4 nanoparticle (NP) in the early stage of aggregation of A-syn using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and laser scanning microscopy. The binding between the monomeric protein and NPs was also studied using FCS at single-molecule resolution. Our data showed that the addition of bare Fe3O4 NPs accelerated the rate of early aggregation, and it did not bind the monomeric A-syn. In contrast, L-lysine (Lys)-coated Fe3O4 NPs showed strong binding with the monomeric A-syn, inhibiting the early events of aggregation. Lys-coated Fe3O4 NPs showed significantly less cell toxicity compared with bare Fe3O4 NPs and can be explored as a possible strategy to develop therapeutic application against PD. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the first example of using a small molecule to attenuate the early (and arguably the most relevant in terms of PD pathogenesis) events of A-syn aggregation. PMID:25561279

Joshi, Nidhi; Basak, Sujit; Kundu, Sangeeta; De, Goutam; Mukhopadhyay, Anindita; Chattopadhyay, Krishnananda

2015-02-01

297

Silica-coated iron-oxide nanoparticles synthesized as a T2 contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging by using the reverse micelle method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We synthesized iron-oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles by using the reverse micelle method and coated them with biocompatible silica. The coated nanoparticles were found to be spherical in the TEM images and showed a uniform size distribution with an average diameter of 10 nm. The T1 and the T2 relaxation times of hydrogen protons in aqueous solutions with various concentrations of silica-coated nanoparticles were determined by using a magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. We found that the T2 relaxivity was much larger than the T1 relaxivity for the nanoparticle contrast agent, which reflected the fact that the T2 relaxation was mainly influenced by outer sphere processes. The T2 relaxivity was found to be 15 times larger than that for the commercial Gd-DTPA-BMA contrast agent. This result demonstrates that silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticles are applicable as a T2 agent in magnetic resonance imaging.

298

Correlation of structural and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with their calorimetric and magnetorheological performance.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Ro?. 326, january (2013), s. 7-13. ISSN 0304-8853 Grant ostatní: UTB Zlín(CZ) IGA/25/FT/10/D; GA MŠk(CZ) ED2.1.00/03.0111 Institutional support: RVO:67985874 ; RVO:68378271 Keywords : iron oxide * nanoparticle * ferrofluid * hyperthermia * embolization * microwave synthesis * magnetorheology Subject RIV: BK - Fluid Dynamics; BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism (FZU-D) Impact factor: 2.002, year: 2013

Sedla?ík, M.; Mou?ka, R.; Kozáková, Z.; Kazantseva, N. E.; Pavlínek, V.; Ku?itka, I.; Kaman, Ond?ej; Peer, Petra

2013-01-01

299

Variable blocking temperature of a porous silicon/Fe3O4 composite due to different interactions of the magnetic nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the frame of this work, the aim was to create a superparamagnetic nanocomposite system with a maximized magnetic moment when magnetized by an external field and a blocking temperature far below room temperature. For this purpose, iron oxide nanoparticles of 3.8-, 5- and 8-nm size have been infiltrated into the pores of porous silicon. To fabricate tailored magnetic properties of the system, the particle size and the magnetic interactions among the particles play a crucial role. Different concentrations of the particles dispersed in hexane have been used for the infiltration to vary the blocking temperature TB, which indicates the transition between the superparamagnetic behavior and blocked state. TB is not only dependent on the particle size but also on the magnetic interactions between them, which can be varied by the particle-particle distance. Thus, a modification of the pore loading on the one hand and of the porous silicon morphology on the other hand results in a composite material with a desired blocking temperature. Because both materials, the mesoporous silicon matrices as well as the Fe3O4 nanoparticles, offer low toxicity, the system is a promising candidate for biomedical applications. PMID:22873748

Rumpf, Klemens; Granitzer, Petra; Morales, Puerto M; Poelt, Peter; Reissner, Michael

2012-01-01

300

New Method for the Immobilization of Pullulanase onto Hybrid Magnetic (Fe3O4-?-Carrageenan) Nanoparticles by Electrostatic Coupling with Pullulanase/Chitosan Complex.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a simple method to immobilize pullulanase onto hybrid magnetic (Fe3O4-?-carrageenan) nanoparticles, involving the in situ synthesis of magnetic carrageenan nanoparticles and the formation of pullulanase/chitosan complex. The complex behavior of pullulanase with chitosan as a function of pH and protein-polysaccharide ratio was studied by turbidimetric titration. Then, the as-prepared immobilized enzymes were characterized by vibrating-sample magnetometer, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer, and thermogravimetric analysis. It was found that the activity retention of immobilized pullulanase and amount of enzyme loaded reached 95.5% and 96.3 mg/g, respectively, under optimal conditions. The immobilized enzyme exhibited great operational stability (retaining approximately 61% residual activity after ten consecutive reuses), demonstrating that enzyme leakage during the catalysis reaction was efficiently reduced. Furthermore, the activity of immobilized pullulanase was significantly (p pH range (pH temperature over 60 °C, and the immobilized enzymes retained 45% of their initial activity after 5 h at 60 °C, compared to 21% for the free enzyme. These results indicated that immobilized pullulanase was efficient in terms of catalytic activity and can be applied to continuous starch processing applications in the food industry. PMID:25797694

Long, Jie; Wu, Zhengzong; Li, Xingfei; Xu, Enbo; Xu, Xueming; Jin, Zhengyu; Jiao, Aiquan

2015-04-01

301

Extraction of Genomic DNA Using Magnetic Nanoparticles (Fe3O4 as a Solid-Phase Support  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Magnetic separation technology, using magnetic particles, is quick and easy method for sensitive and reliable captures of specific proteins, genetic material and other biomolecules. The current paper describes a universal genomic DNA extraction method optimized in our laboratory using magnetic nanoparticles as a solid phase adsorbent. The yields of the isolated DNA with magnetic method were higher or equivalent to the conventional procedures in all the samples tested. Additionally, the magnetic method takes less than 15 minutes to extract DNA as against several hours taken by conventional protocols. Furthermore, the isolated DNA was found to function satisfactorily in PCR amplification and restriction endonuclease digestion. The developed procedure is simple, quick, cheap, robust and does not require the use of organic solvents or sophisticated equipments; thereby making it more amenable to automation.

Z. M. Saiyed

2007-01-01

302

Protein adsorption onto Fe3O4 nanoparticles with opposite surface charge and its impact on cell uptake  

CERN Document Server

Nanoparticles (NPs) engineered for biomedical applications are meant to be in contact with protein-rich physiological fluids. These proteins are usually adsorbed onto the NP surface, forming a swaddling layer called protein corona that influences cell internalization. We present a study on protein adsorption onto different magnetic NPs (MNPs) when immersed in cell culture medium, and how these changes affect the cellular uptake. Two colloids with magnetite cores of 25 nm, same hydrodynamic size and opposite surface charge were in situ coated with (a) positive polyethyleneimine (PEI-MNPs) and (b) negative poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-MNPs). After few minutes of incubation in cell culture medium the wrapping of the MNPs by protein adsorption resulted in a 5-fold size increase. After 24 h of incubation large MNP-protein aggregates with hydrodynamic sizes 1500 to 3000 nm (PAA-MNPs and PEI-MNPs respectively) were observed. Each cluster contained an estimated number of magnetic cores between 450 and 1000, indicating the...

Catalayud, M P; Raffa, V; Riggio, C; Ibarra, M R; Goya, G F

2014-01-01

303

Controlled flame synthesis of ?Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles: effect of flame configuration, flame temperature, and additive loading  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are used in diverse applications, including optical magnetic recording, catalysts, gas sensors, targeted drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, and hyperthermic malignant cell therapy. Combustion synthesis of nanoparticles has significant advantages, including improved nanoparticle property control and commercial production rate capability with minimal post-processing. In the current study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were produced by flame synthesis using a coflow flame. The effect of flame configuration (diffusion and inverse diffusion), flame temperature, and additive loading on the final iron oxide nanoparticle morphology, elemental composition, and particle size were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HR-TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and Raman spectroscopy. The synthesized nanoparticles were primarily composed of two well known forms of iron oxide, namely hematite ?Fe2O3 and magnetite Fe3O4. We found that the synthesized nanoparticles were smaller (6-12 nm) for an inverse diffusion flame as compared to a diffusion flame configuration (50-60 nm) when CH4, O2, Ar, and N2 gas flow rates were kept constant. In order to investigate the effect of flame temperature, CH4, O2, Ar gas flow rates were kept constant, and N2 gas was added as a coolant to ub>2 gas was added as a coolant to the system. TEM analysis of iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized using an inverse diffusion flame configuration with N2 cooling demonstrated that particles no larger than 50-60 nm in diameter can be grown, indicating that nanoparticles did not coalesce in the cooler flame. Raman spectroscopy showed that these nanoparticles were primarily magnetite, as opposed to the primarily hematite nanoparticles produced in the hot flame configuration. In order to understand the effect of additive loading on iron oxide nanoparticle morphology, an Ar stream carrying titanium-tetra-isopropoxide (TTIP) was flowed through the outer annulus along with the CH4 in the inverse diffusion flame configuration. When particles were synthesized in the presence of the TTIP additive, larger monodispersed individual particles (50-90 nm) were synthesized as observed by TEM. In this article, we show that iron oxide nanoparticles of varied morphology, composition, and size can be synthesized and controlled by varying flame configuration, flame temperature, and additive loading.

304

Synthesis, characterization, and comparative gas-sensing properties of Fe2O3 prepared from Fe3O4 and Fe3O4-chitosan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? We have demonstrated a facile method to prepare Fe3O4 nanoparticles and chitosan-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles. ? ?-Fe2O3 sensors prepared from those Fe3O4 materials have been investigated and compared. ? The results show potential application of ?-Fe2O3 for CO sensors in environmental monitoring. - Abstract: In this paper, Fe3O4 and chitosan (CS)-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized via co-precipitation method and subsequent covalent binding of CS onto the surface for functionalization, respectively. Characterization of the crystal structures and morphologies of as-synthesized nanoparticles by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that Fe3O4 had a cubic spinal structure with irregular shapes and average diameters of 10–20 nm. The surface states and magnetic properties of Fe3O4-CS nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra and vibrating sample magnetometry. Results showed that Fe3O4-CS nanoparticles possessed super-paramagnetic properties, with saturated magnetization up to 60 emu/g. In addition, Fe3O4 and CS-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used in the fabrication of ?-Fe2O32O3 based gas sensors. Gas sensing measurements revealed that the ?-Fe2O3 gas sensor prepared from Fe3O4-CS had a better response to H2, CO, C2H5OH, and NH3 compared with the device prepared from pristine Fe3O4. Furthermore, the ?-Fe2O3 sensor prepared from Fe3O4-CS nanoparticles exhibited the highest response to CO among the test gases, suggesting that it has great potential for practical applications in environmental monitoring.

305

Magnetic-Fe/Fe3O4-nanoparticle-bound SN38 as carboxylesterase-cleavable prodrug for the delivery to tumors within monocytes/macrophages  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The targeted delivery of therapeutics to the tumor site is highly desirable in cancer treatment, because it is capable of minimizing collateral damage. Herein, we report the synthesis of a nanoplatform, which is composed of a 15 ± 1 nm diameter core/shell Fe/Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs and the topoisomerase I blocker SN38 bound to the surface of the MNPs via a carboxylesterase cleavable linker. This nanoplatform demonstrated high heating ability (SAR = 522 ± 40 W/g in an AC-magnetic field. For the purpose of targeted delivery, this nanoplatform was loaded into tumor-homing double-stable RAW264.7 cells (mouse monocyte/macrophage-like cells (Mo/Ma, which have been engineered to express intracellular carboxylesterase (InCE upon addition of doxycycline by a Tet-On Advanced system. The nanoplatform was taken up efficiently by these tumor-homing cells. They showed low toxicity even at high nanoplatform concentration. SN38 was released successfully by switching on the Tet-On Advanced system. We have demonstrated that this nanoplatform can be potentially used for thermochemotherapy. We will be able to achieve the following goals: (1 Specifically deliver the SN38 prodrug and magnetic nanoparticles to the cancer site as the payload of tumor-homing double-stable RAW264.7 cells; (2 Release of chemotherapeutic SN38 at the cancer site by means of the self-containing Tet-On Advanced system; (3 Provide localized magnetic hyperthermia to enhance the cancer treatment, both by killing cancer cells through magnetic heating and by activating the immune system.

Hongwang Wang

2012-06-01

306

Visual test of subparts per billion-level copper(ii) by Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle-based solid phase extraction coupled with a functionalized gold nanoparticle probe  

Science.gov (United States)

By combining Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle-based solid phase extraction with a gold nanoparticle-based visual test, a novel method was developed for the field assay of Cu(ii) in environmental water at subparts per billion-levels within 30 min. When a 200 mL water sample was treated with 12.5 mg L-1 Fe3O4 nanoparticles by the proposed procedure, the detection limit with the naked eye was 0.2 ?g L-1 Cu(ii). The proposed method is very specific to Cu(ii), with tolerance against at least 100-fold amounts of other environmentally relevant metal ions except for Hg(ii) (25-fold), and was successfully applied to the detection of trace Cu(ii) in tap water, river water, and treated wastewater, and results agreed well with that determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).By combining Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle-based solid phase extraction with a gold nanoparticle-based visual test, a novel method was developed for the field assay of Cu(ii) in environmental water at subparts per billion-levels within 30 min. When a 200 mL water sample was treated with 12.5 mg L-1 Fe3O4 nanoparticles by the proposed procedure, the detection limit with the naked eye was 0.2 ?g L-1 Cu(ii). The proposed method is very specific to Cu(ii), with tolerance against at least 100-fold amounts of other environmentally relevant metal ions except for Hg(ii) (25-fold), and was successfully applied to the detection of trace Cu(ii) in tap water, river water, and treated wastewater, and results agreed well with that determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details, synthesis, and characterization of Cys-AuNPs and Fe3O4 NPs, magnetic-solid phase extraction and colorimetric test procedures, and effects of parameters on the extraction efficiency. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr31753b

Tan, Zhi-Qiang; Liu, Jing-Fu; Jiang, Gui-Bin

2012-10-01

307

Study of the Thermodynamics of Chromium(III) and Chromium(VI) Binding to Fe3O4 and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles  

OpenAIRE

Removal of chromium(III) or (VI) from aqueous solution was achieved using Fe3O4, and MnFe2O4 nanomaterials. The nanomaterials were synthesized using a precipitation method and characterized using XRD. The size of the nanomaterials was determined to be 22.4 ± 0.9 nm (Fe3O4) and 15.5 ± 0.5 nm (MnFe2O4). The optimal binding pH for chromium(III) and chromium(VI) were pH 6 and pH 3. Isotherm studies were performed, under light and dark conditions, to determine the capacity of the nanomaterials. ...

Luther, Steven; Brogfeld, Nathan; Kim, Jisoo; Parsons, J. G.

2013-01-01

308

Removal of Hg(II) by poly(1-vinylimidazole)-grafted Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles modified by grafting poly(1-vinylimidazole) oligomer (FSPV) was fabricated as a novel adsorbent to remove Hg(II) from water. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy confirmed the successful grafting of oligomer, and thermogravimetric analysis showed FSPV had a high grafting yield with organic content of 22.8%. Transmission electron microscopy image displayed that FSPV particles were polymer-coated spheres with size of 10-20 nm. With saturation magnetization of 44.7 emu/g, FSPV particles could be easily separated from water with a simple magnetic process in 5 min. The Hg(II) adsorption capacity of FSPV was found to be 346 mg/g at pH 7 and 25 °C in 10 mM NaCl. Moreover, the removal of Hg(II) by FSPV was not obviously affected by solution pH (from 4 to 10) or humic acid (up to 8 mg/L as TOC). The presence of seven common ions including Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Cl(-), NO3(-), and SO4(2-) (up to 100 mM ionic strength) slightly increased the adsorption of Hg(II) by FSPV. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that the N atom of the imidazole ring was responsible for the bonding with Hg(II), whereas the bonding of Hg with N did not result in cleavage of Hg-Cl bond in HgCl2 and HgClOH. The regeneration of Hg(II)-loaded FSPV could be achieved with 0.5 M HCl rapidly in 10 min, and the removal of Hg(II) maintained above 94% in five consecutive adsorption-desorption cycles. Therefore, FSPV could serve as a promising adsorbent for Hg(II) removal from water. PMID:25497175

Shan, Chao; Ma, Zhiyao; Tong, Meiping; Ni, Jinren

2015-02-01

309

Synthesis of oleic acid functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles and studying their interaction with tumor cells for potential hyperthermia applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, oleic acid (OA) functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MN) were synthesized following modified wet method of MN synthesis. The optimum amount of OA required for capping of MN and the amount of bound and unbound/free OA was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Further, we have studied the effect of water molecules, associated with MN, on the variation in their induction heating ability under alternating current (AC) magnetic field conditions. We have employed a new approach to achieve dispersion of OA functionalized MN (MN-OA) in aqueous medium using sodium carbonate, which improves their biological applicability. Interactions amongst MN, OA and sodium carbonate were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Intracellular localization of MN-OA was studied in mouse fibrosarcoma cells (WEHI-164) by prussian blue staining and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) using nile blue A as a fluorescent probe. Results showed MN-OA to be interacting mainly with the cell membrane. Their hyperthermic killing ability was evaluated in WEHI-164 cells by trypan blue method. Cells treated with MN-OA in combination with induction heating showed decreased viability as compared to respective induction heating controls. These results were supported by altered cellular morphology after treatment of MN-OA in combination with induction heating. Further, the magnitude of apoptosis was found to be ~5 folds higher in cells treated with MN-OA in combination with induction heating as compared to untreated control. These results suggest the efficacy of MN-OA in killing of tumor cells by cellular hyperthermia. PMID:23537834

Jadhav, Neena V; Prasad, Amresh I; Kumar, Amit; Mishra, R; Dhara, Sangita; Babu, K R; Prajapat, C L; Misra, N L; Ningthoujam, R S; Pandey, B N; Vatsa, R K

2013-08-01

310

Chitosan and O-carboxymethyl chitosan modified Fe3O4 for hyperthermic treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study magnetic fluids were manufactured by the adsorption of chitosan (CS) and O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMCS) on Fe3O4 nanoparticles to be used as hyperthermic thermoseeds. Fe3O4 particles were characterized by physico-chemical methods such as: thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The SEM images and XRD patterns showed that the synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles were of single phase and spherical shape with 10–15?nm in diameter. The VSM measurements showed that Fe3O4 particles were superparamagnetic with saturation magnetization of 70?emu?g?1. The adsorbed layers of CS and OCMCS on the magnetite surface (Fe3O4/CS) and (Fe3O4/OCMCS) were confirmed by FTIR, Raman spectra and SEM. In the ac magnetic field of 80?Oe and 236?kHz, the saturation heating temperatures of the sample Fe3O4/CS and Fe3O4/OCMCS were 100 and 98?°C, respectively. At the same concentration of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in suspension, the two magnetic fluids exhibited quite high heating capacity, with different behaviors of concentration dependence. The Fe3O4/CS and Fe3O4/OCMCS nanoparticles would serve as good thermoseeds for localized hyperthermia treatment of cancers

311

Synthesis of Fe3O4@SiO2-Ag magnetic nanocomposite based on small-sized and highly dispersed silver nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work, we report a facile method to generate core-shell structured Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2)-Ag magnetic nanocomposite by an in situ wet chemistry route with the aid of polyvinylpyrrolidone as both reductant and stabilizer. This method can effectively prevent Ag nanoparticles from aggregating on the silica surface, thus resulting highly dispersed and small-sized Ag nanoparticles. The as-prepared nanocomposite is composed of a central magnetite core with a strong response to external fields, an interlayer of SiO(2), and numerous highly dispersed Ag nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution. Furthermore, the Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2)-Ag nanocomposite showed high performance in the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol and could be easily recycled by applying an external magnetic field while maintaining the catalytic activity without significant decrease even after running 15 times. PMID:22789800

Chi, Yue; Yuan, Qing; Li, Yanjuan; Tu, Jinchun; Zhao, Liang; Li, Nan; Li, Xiaotian

2012-10-01

312

Well aligned ZnO nanorods growth on the gold coated glass substrate by aqueous chemical growth method using seed layer of Fe3O4 and Co3O4 nanoparticles  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, Fe3O4 and Co3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation method and sol-gel method respectively. The synthesised nanoparticles were characterised by X-ray diffraction [XRD] and Raman spectroscopy techniques. The obtained results have shown the nanocrystalline phase of obtained Fe3O4 and Co3O4 nanoparticles. Furthermore, the Fe3O4 and Co3O4 nanoparticles were used as seed layer for the fabrication of well-aligned ZnO nanorods on the gold coated glass substrate by aqueous chemical growth method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy [HRTEM], as well as XRD and energy dispersive X-ray techniques were used for the structural characterisation of synthesised ZnO nanorods. This study has explored highly dense, uniform, well-aligned growth pattern along 0001 direction and good crystal quality of the prepared ZnO nanorods. ZnO nanorods are only composed of Zn and O atoms. Moreover, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used for the chemical analysis of fabricated ZnO nanorods. In addition, the structural characterisation and the chemical composition study and the optical investigation were carried out for the fabricated ZnO nanorods and the photoluminescence [PL] spectrum have shown strong ultraviolet (UV) peak at 381 nm for Fe3O4 nanoparticles seeded ZnO nanorods and the PL spectrum for ZnO nanorods grown with the seed layer of Co3O4 nanoparticles has shown a UV peak at 382 nm. The green emission and orange/red peaks were also observed for ZnO nanorods grown with both the seed layers. This study has indicated the fabrication of well aligned ZnO nanorods using the one inorganic nanomaterial on other inorganic nanomaterial due to their similar chemistry.

Ibupoto, Z. H.; Khun, K.; Lu, Jun; Liu, Xianjie; AlSalhi, M. S.; Atif, M.; Ansari, Anees A.; Willander, M.

2013-04-01

313

One-step synthesis of silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles by electrooxidation of iron in sodium silicate solution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles have been synthesized successfully using a one-step electrochemical method. In this method, pure iron in a dilute aqueous sodium silicate solution that served as a silica precursor was electrooxidized. We show that the presence of silicate can significantly enhance the purity of the magnetite formed. Impurities in the form of FeOOH (found in the magnetite prepared in water) are not found. The magnetite nanoparticles produced by this method are nearly spherical with a mean size ranging from 6 to 10 nm, which is lower than the size of particles prepared in water, and this size range depends on the applied voltage and the sodium silicate concentration. The magnetite nanoparticles exhibit superparamagnetic properties with saturation magnetization ranging from 15 to 22 emu g?1, which is lower than the saturation magnetization of the Fe3O4 bulk materials (Ms = 92 emu g?1). This facile method appears to be promising as a synthetic route for producing silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles.

314

Size-controlled synthesis of Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles onto zeolite by means of a modified activated-coprecipitation method: effect of the HCl concentration during the activation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Synthetic sodium type A zeolite bearing Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles composites have been prepared by means of a coprecipitation method with two different activation methodologies, one using Sn and the other using Sn/Pd nanoparticles as activators. Sn activation generates hematite nanoparticles while Sn/Pd produces magnetite nanoparticles. Amount of HCl used during the activation of the zeolite with SnCl2 showed a correlation between the stannous activating species and the particle size. Both Sn and Sn–Pd activated nanocomposites show nearly narrow size distributions but only those iron oxides obtained with Sn–Pd showed supermagnetism.

315

Silica coating of nanoparticles by the sonogel process.  

Science.gov (United States)

A modified aqueous sol-gel route was developed using ultrasonic power for the silica coating of indium tin oxide (ITO) nanoparticles. In this approach, organosilane with an amino functional group was first used to cover the surface of as-received nanoparticles. Subsequent silica coating was initiated and sustained under power ultrasound irradiation in an aqueous mixture of surface-treated particles and epoxy silane. This process resulted in a thin but homogeneous coverage of silica on the particle surface. Particles coated with a layer of silica show better dispersability in aqueous and organic media compared with the untreated powder. Samples were characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the zeta potential. PMID:18184022

Chen, Quan; Boothroyd, Chris; Tan, Gim Hong; Sutanto, Nelvi; Soutar, Andrew McIntosh; Zeng, Xian Ting

2008-02-01

316

Combined tween 20-stabilized gold nanoparticles and reduced graphite oxide-Fe3O4 nanoparticle composites for rapid and efficient removal of mercury species from a complex matrix.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes a simple method for removing mercuric ions (Hg(2+)) from a high-salt matrix based on the use of Tween-20-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Tween 20-Au NPs) as Hg(2+) adsorbents and composites of reduced graphite oxide and Fe3O4 NPs as NP collectors. Citrate ions adsorbed on the surface of the Tween 20-Au NPs reduced Hg(2+) to Hg(0), resulting in the deposition of Hg(0) on the surface of the NPs. To circumvent time-consuming centrifugation and transfer steps, the Hg(0)-containing gold NPs were collected using reduced graphite oxide-Fe3O4 NP composites. Compared with the reported NP-based methods for removing Hg(2+), Tween 20-Au NPs offered the rapid (within 30 min), efficient (>99% elimination efficiency), durable (>10 cycles), and selective removal of Hg(2+), CH3Hg(+), and C2H5Hg(+) in a high-salt matrix without the interference of other metal ions. This was attributed to the fact that the dispersed Tween 20-Au NPs exhibited large surface-area-to-volume ratio to bind Hg(2+) through Hg(2+)-Au(+) metallophilic interactions in a high-salt matrix. The formation of graphite oxide sheets and reduced graphite oxide-Fe3O4 NP composites was demonstrated using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, and transmission electron microscopy. The mechanism of interaction between Tween 20-Au NPs and Hg(2+) was studied using visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. PMID:25238563

Shih, Ya-Chen; Ke, Chen-Yi; Yu, Cheng-Ju; Lu, Chi-Yu; Tseng, Wei-Lung

2014-10-22

317

The sandwich-type electrochemiluminescence immunosensor for ?-fetoprotein based on enrichment by Fe3O4-Au magnetic nano probes and signal amplification by CdS-Au composite nanoparticles labeled anti-AFP  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Sandwich immunoreaction, testing a large number of samples simultaneously. ? The magnetic separation and enrichment by Fe3O4-Au magnetic nano probes. ? The amplification of detection signal by CdS-Au composite nanoparticles labeled anti-AFP. ? Almost no background signal, which greatly improve the sensitivity of detection. - Abstract: A novel and sensitive sandwich-type electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor was fabricated on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for ultra trace levels of ?-fetoprotein (AFP) based on sandwich immunoreaction strategy by enrichment using magnetic capture probes and quantum dots coated with Au shell (CdS-Au) as the signal tag. The capture probe was prepared by immobilizing the primary antibody of AFP (Ab1) on the core/shell Fe3O4-Au nanoparticles, which was first employed to capture AFP antigens to form Fe3O4-Au/Ab1/AFP complex from the serum after incubation. The product can be separated from the background solution through the magnetic separation. Then the CdS-Au labeled secondary antibody (Ab2) as signal tag (CdS-Au/Ab2) was conjugated successfully with Fe3O4-Au/Ab1/AFP complex to form a sandwich-type immunocomplex (Fe3O4-Au/Ab1/AFP/Ab2/CdS-Au), which can be further separated by an external magnetic field and produce ECL signals at a fixed voltage. The signal was proportional to a certain concentration ranal to a certain concentration range of AFP for quantification. Thus, an easy-to-use immunosensor with magnetic probes and a quantum dots signal tag was obtained. The immunosensor performed at a level of high sensitivity and a broad concentration range for AFP between 0.0005 and 5.0 ng mL?1 with a detection limit of 0.2 pg mL?1. The use of magnetic probes was combined with pre-concentration and separation for trace levels of tumor markers in the serum. Due to the amplification of the signal tag, the immunosensor is highly sensitive, which can offer great promise for rapid, simple, selective and cost-effective detection of effective biomonitoring for clinical application.

318

Fabrication and characterization of superparamagnetic and thermoresponsive hydrogels based on oleic-acid-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles, hexa(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate and 2-(acetoacetoxy)ethyl methacrylate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Stimuli-responsive hydrogel nanocomposites comprised of swollen polymer networks, in which magnetic nanoparticles are embedded, are a relatively new class of 'smart' soft materials presenting a significant impact on various technological and biomedical applications. A novel approach for the fabrication of hydrogel nanocomposites exhibiting temperature- and magneto-responsive behavior involves the random copolymerization of hexa(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (HEGMA, hydrophilic, thermoresponsive) and 2-(acetoacetoxy)ethyl methacrylate (AEMA, hydrophobic, metal-chelating) in the presence of preformed oleic-acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles (OA.Fe3O4). In total, two series of hydrogel nanocomposites have been prepared in two different solvent systems: ethyl acetate (series A) and tetrahydrofuran (series B). The degrees of swelling (DSs) of all conetworks were determined in organic and in aqueous media. The nanocrystalline phase adopted by the embedded magnetic nanoparticles was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The obtained diffraction patterns indicated the presence of magnetite (Fe3O4). Deswelling kinetic studies that were carried out at ?60 oC in water demonstrated the thermoresponsive properties of the hydrogel nanocomposites, attributed to the presence of the hexaethylene glycol side chains within the conetworks. Moreover, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements showemetric analysis (TGA) measurements showed that these materials exhibited superior thermal stability compared to the pristine hydrogels. Further to the characterization of compositional and thermal properties, the assessment of magnetic characteristics by vibrational sample magnetometry (VSM) disclosed superparamagnetic behavior. The tunable superparamagnetic behavior exhibited by these materials depending on the amount of magnetic nanoparticles incorporated within the networks combined with their thermoresponsive properties may allow for their future exploitation in the biomedical field. - Research Highlights: ? Fabrication of novel, dual stimuli-responsive conetworks based on hexa(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (HEGMA, hydrophilic, thermoresponsive), 2-(acetoacetoxy)ethyl methacrylate (AEMA, hydrophobic, metal-chelating) and oleic-acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles (OA.Fe3O4). ? Tuneable superparamagnetic behavior. ? Thermoresponsive properties.

319

Exchange Bias Effect in Au-Fe3O4 Nanocomposites  

OpenAIRE

We report exchange bias (EB) effect in the Au-Fe3O4 composite nanoparticle system, where one or more Fe3O4 nanoparticles are attached to an Au seed particle forming dimer and cluster morphologies, with the clusters showing much stronger EB in comparison with the dimers. The EB effect develops due to the presence of stress in the Au-Fe3O4 interface which leads to the generation of highly disordered, anisotropic surface spins in the Fe3O4 particle. The EB effect is lost with t...

Chandra, Sayan; Huls, N. A. Frey; Phan, M. H.; Srinath, S.; Garcia, M. A.; Lee, Youngmin; Wang, Chao; Sun, Shouheng; Iglesias, O?scar; Srikanth, H.

2013-01-01

320

Low concentration effect of Fe3O4 and Fe3C magnetic nanoparticles in non-magnetic Matrix on the FMR spectra  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

PTMO-block-PET polymer filled with a low concentration (0.1 wt.%) of binary magnetic system: manganite (Fe3O4) and iron carbide (Fe3C) with carbon (C) was prepared. Characterization of sample was done by using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy methods. Temperature dependence of the FMR spectra was carried out in the 10-300 K temperature range. The extraordinary temperature dependence behaviour of FMR spectra was recorded. The FMR spectra were fitted by two Lorentzian lines originating from magnetite and iron carbide. The anomalous behaviour of FMR spectra below 100 K could be explained by the skin effect or by the freezing of the matrix benzene rings at about 115 K. The temperature dependence of the g parameter below 75.5 K (opposite shift of the resonance field to usually observed) was interpreted as a result of strong antiferromagnetic interaction of some portion of agglomerates. (author)

321

Hierarchical MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI magnetic composite as adsorbent for methyl orange removal.  

Science.gov (United States)

Multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) decorated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MWCNTs/Fe3O4) were modified by polyaniline (PANI). The adsorption kinetics of methyl orange (MO) on MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI could be fitted well by the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption of MO on MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI was strongly dependent on pH values. The Langmuir isotherm model fitted MO adsorption isotherm better than the Freundlich model. The hierarchical MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI showed high adsorption capacity toward ionic dyes (446.25mgg(-1) for MO and 417.38mgg(-1) for Congo red (CR)). The nitrogen-containing functional groups of PANI decorated on MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI contributed to many effective adsorption sites and thus increased the adsorption capacity toward MO and CR. Moreover, PANI prevented Fe3O4 nanoparticles from dissolution, and hence improved the stability of MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI in solution. The experimental results showed that the MWCNTs/Fe3O4/PANI composite was a promising magnetic material for the preconcentration and separation of ionic dye pollutants from aqueous solutions in environmental pollution cleanup. PMID:25819003

Zhao, Ying; Chen, Hongli; Li, Jie; Chen, Changlun

2015-07-15

322

A novel H2O2 biosensor based on Fe3O4–Au magnetic nanoparticles coated horseradish peroxidase and graphene sheets–Nafion film modified screen-printed carbon electrode  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A disposable biosensor for determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) based on Fe3O4–Au magnetic nanoparticles coated horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and graphene sheets (GS)–Nafion film modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was fabricated. To construct the H2O2 biosensor, GS–Nafion solution was first dropped onto the surface of SPCE. Subsequently, the biocomposites of Fe3O4–Au magnetic nanoparticles coated HRP were adsorbed on the surface with the aid of an external magnetic field to fabricate the SPCE|GS–Nafion/Fe3O4–Au-HRP electrode. X-ray powder diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry(i–t curve) were employed to study the synthesis of GS, the construction processes and electrochemical properties of the biosensor. Under optimized experimental conditions, CV demonstrated that the direct electron transfer (DET) of HRP was realized. The biosensor had an excellent performance in terms of electrocatalytic reduction toward H2O2. The linear response of the biosensor to H2O2 was in the concentration range of 2.0 × 10?5 mol/L to 2.5 × 10?3 mol/L (R = 0.9994) with a detection limit of 1.2 × 10?5 mol/L (S/N = 3). The proposed electrochemical biosensor was sensitive, rapid, disposable with low cost, fewer sample volume, easy preparation and strong anti-interference, which showed great promise for screen-determination of trace H2O2 in real samples

323

An Ultrasensitive Electrochemiluminescence Immunoassay for Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 in Serum Based on Antibody Labeled Fe3O4 Nanoparticles as Capture Probes and Graphene/CdTe Quantum Dot Bionanoconjugates as Signal Amplifiers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The CdTe quantum dots (QDs, graphene nanocomposite (CdTe-G and dextran–Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles have been synthesized for developing an ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL immunoassay for Carcinoembryonic antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9 in serums. Firstly, the capture probes (CA 19-9 Ab1/Fe3O4 for enriching CA 19-9 were synthesized by immobilizing the CA 19-9’s first antibody (CA 19-9 Ab1 on magnetic nanoparticles (dextran-Fe3O4. Secondly, the signal probes (CA 19-9 Ab2/CdTe-G, which can emit an ECL signal, were formed by attaching the secondary CA 19-9 antibody (CA 19-9 Ab2 to the surface of the CdTe-G. Thirdly, the above two probes were used for conjugating with a serial of CA 19-9 concentrations. Graphene can immobilize dozens of CdTe QDs on their surface, which can emit stronger ECL intensity than CdTe QDs. Based on the amplified signal, ultrasensitive antigen detection can be realized. Under the optimal conditions, the ECL signal depended linearly on the logarithm of CA 19-9 concentration from 0.005 to 100 pg/mL, and the detection limit was 0.002 pg/mL. Finally, five samples of human serum were tested, and the results were compared with a time-resolved fluorescence assay (TRFA. The novel immunoassay provides a stable, specific and highly sensitive immunoassay protocol for tumor marker detection at very low levels, which can be applied in early diagnosis of tumor.

Ning Gan

2013-05-01

324

Poly (vinyl alcohol)/gum karaya electrospun plasma treated membrane for the removal of nanoparticles (Au, Ag, Pt, CuO and Fe3O4) from aqueous solutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present work, nanofibre membranes composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and a natural gum karaya (GK) hydrocolloid were prepared using electrospinning. The electrospun membranes of PVA/GK were cross-linked with heat treatment and later methane plasma was used to obtain a hydrophobic membrane. The morphology, characterization and adsorption ability of P-NFM was assessed using scanning electron microscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, ATR-FTIR techniques, water contact angle and ICP-MS analytical methods. The membrane was employed for the extraction of nanoparticles (Ag, Au, Pt, CuO and Fe3O4) from water. The nanoparticle extraction kinetic and adsorption isotherm perform the pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir isotherm model, respectively. The adsorption capacities of the membrane for the removal of NPs from water diverge in the order Pt>Au>Ag>CuO>Fe3O4. The high adsorption efficiency for the removal of NPs from water was compared with an untreated membrane. Physisorption, functional group interactions, complexation reactions between metal/metal oxide nanoparticles with various functional groups present in NFM and modified surface properties such as the balance of hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity, surface free energy, and the high surface area of the plasma treated membrane were possible mechanisms of NPs adsorption onto NFM. The regeneration and reusability were tested in five consecutive adsorption/desorption cycles. PMID:25636139

Padil, Vinod Vellora Thekkae; ?erník, Miroslav

2015-04-28

325

A new route for the synthesis of graphene oxide–Fe3O4 (GO–Fe3O4) nanocomposites and their Schottky diode applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: • Graphene Oxide (GO)–Fe3O4 nanocomposites were prepared by a novel and facile method. • The successful assembly of Fe3O4 NPs onto GO sheets was displayed by TEM. • The GO–Fe3O4 nanocomposites/p-Si junction showed good rectifying property. -- Abstract: Addressed herein is a facile method for the preparation of magnetic graphene oxide–Fe3O4 (GO–Fe3O4) nanocomposites and the rectifying properties of (GO–Fe3O4)/p-Si junction in a Schottky diode. GO–Fe3O4 nanocomposites were prepared by a novel method in which as-prepared GO sheets were decorated with the monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) in dimethylformamide/chloroform mixture via a sonication process. The successful assembly of Fe3O4 NPs onto GO sheets was displayed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Inductively couple plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) analysis of the GO–Fe3O4 nanocomposite showed that the nanocomposite consists of 20.1 wt% Fe3O4 NPs which provides a specific saturation magnetization (Ms) as 16 emu/g. The current–voltage (I–V) characteristics of the (GO–Fe3O4)/p-Si junction in a Schottky diode were studied in the temperature range of 50–350 K in the steps of 25 K. It was determined that the barrier height and ideality factor of the Au/GO–Fe3O4/p-Si/Al Schottky diode were depended on temperature as the barrier height increased while the ideality factor decreased with increasing temperature. The experimental values of barrier height and ideality factor were varied from 0.12 eV and 11.24 at 50 K to 0.76 eV and 2.49 at 350 K, respectively. The Richardson plot exhibited non-linearity at low temperatures that was attributed to the barrier inhomogeneities prevailing at the GO–Fe3O4/p-Si junction

326

Surfactant-assisted synthesis of Fe2O3 nanoparticles and F-doped carbon modification toward an improved Fe3O4@CFx/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 battery.  

Science.gov (United States)

A simple surfactant-assisted reflux method was used in this study for the synthesis of cocklebur-shaped Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs). With this strategy, a series of nanostructured Fe2O3 NPs with a size distribution ranging from 20 to 120 nm and a tunable surface area were readily controlled by varying reflux temperature and the type of surfactant. Surfactants such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (F127) and sodium dodecyl benzenesulfonate (SDBS) were used to achieve large-scale synthesis of uniform Fe2O3 NPs with a relatively low cost. A new composite of Fe3O4@CFx was prepared by coating the primary Fe2O3 NPs with a layer of F-doped carbon (CFx) with a one-step carbonization process. The Fe3O4@CFx composite was utilized as the anode in a lithium ion battery and exhibited a high reversible capacity of 900 mAh g(-1) at a current density of 100 mA g(-1) over 100 cycles with 95% capacity retention. In addition, a new Fe3O4@CFx/LiNi(0.5)Mn(1.5)O4 battery with a high energy density of 371 Wh kg(-1) (vs cathode) was successfully assembled, and more than 300 cycles were easily completed with 66.8% capacity retention at 100 mA g(-1). Even cycled at the high temperature of 45 °C, this full cell also exhibited a relatively high capacity of 91.6 mAh g(-1) (vs cathode) at 100 mA g(-1) and retained 54.6% of its reversible capacity over 50 cycles. Introducing CFx chemicals to modify metal oxide anodes and/or any other cathode is of great interest for advanced energy storage and conversion devices. PMID:25141154

Ming, Hai; Ming, Jun; Oh, Seung-Min; Tian, Shu; Zhou, Qun; Huang, Hui; Sun, Yang-Kook; Zheng, Junwei

2014-09-10

327

A comparative study of spinel structured Mn3O4, Co3O4 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles in catalytic oxidation of phenolic contaminants in aqueous solutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinel structured Mn3O4, Co3O4 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared, characterized, and tested in degradation of aqueous phenol in the presence of peroxymonosulfate. It was found that Mn3O4 and Co3O4 nanoparticles are highly effective in heterogeneous activation of peroxymonosulfate to produce sulfate radicals for phenol degradation. The activity shows an order of Mn3O4>Co3O4>Fe3O4. Mn3O4 could fast and completely remove phenol in about 20 min, at the conditions of 25 ppm phenol, 0.4 g/L catalyst, 2 g/L oxone®, and 25 °C. A pseudo first order model would fit to phenol degradation kinetics and activation energies on Mn3O4 and Co3O4 were obtained as 38.5 and 66.2 kJ/mol, respectively. In addition, Mn3O4 exhibited excellent catalytic stability in several runs, demonstrating that Mn3O4 is a promising catalyst alternative to toxic Co3O4 for water treatment. PMID:23891446

Saputra, Edy; Muhammad, Syaifullah; Sun, Hongqi; Ang, Ha-Ming; Tadé, Moses O; Wang, Shaobin

2013-10-01

328

Preparation and characterization of a magneto-polymeric nanocomposite: Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles in a grafted, cross-linked and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) matrix  

Science.gov (United States)

In this work two kind of materials: (1) grafted, cross-linked and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) "plastic films" and (2) magnetic plastic films "magneto-polymeric nanocomposites" were prepared. Precursor solutions or "plastisols" used to obtain the plastic films were obtained by mixing PVC (emulsion grade) as polymeric matrix, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DOP) as plasticizer, a thermal stabilizer based in Ca/Zn salts, and a cross-linking agent, 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) or 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (ATES), at several concentrations. Flexible films were obtained from the plastisols using static casting. The stress-strain behavior and the gel content (determined by Soxhlet extraction with boiling THF) of the flexible films were measured in order to evaluate the effect of the cross-linking agent and their content on the degree of cross-linking. The magneto-polymeric nanocomposites were obtained by mixing the optimum composition of the plastisols (analyzed previously) with magnetite (Fe 3O 4)-based ferrofluid and DOP. Later, flexible films were obtained by static casting of the plastisol/ferrofluid systems. The magnetic films were characterized by the above-mentioned techniques and X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry and thermogravimetrical analysis.

Rodríguez-Fernández, Oliverio S.; Rodríguez-Calzadíaz, C. A.; Yáñez-Flores, Isaura G.; Montemayor, Sagrario M.

329

Preparation and characterization of a magneto-polymeric nanocomposite: Fe3O4 nanoparticles in a grafted, cross-linked and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) matrix  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work two kind of materials: (1) grafted, cross-linked and plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) 'plastic films' and (2) magnetic plastic films 'magneto-polymeric nanocomposites' were prepared. Precursor solutions or 'plastisols' used to obtain the plastic films were obtained by mixing PVC (emulsion grade) as polymeric matrix, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DOP) as plasticizer, a thermal stabilizer based in Ca/Zn salts, and a cross-linking agent, 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) or 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (ATES), at several concentrations. Flexible films were obtained from the plastisols using static casting. The stress-strain behavior and the gel content (determined by Soxhlet extraction with boiling THF) of the flexible films were measured in order to evaluate the effect of the cross-linking agent and their content on the degree of cross-linking. The magneto-polymeric nanocomposites were obtained by mixing the optimum composition of the plastisols (analyzed previously) with magnetite (Fe3O4)-based ferrofluid and DOP. Later, flexible films were obtained by static casting of the plastisol/ferrofluid systems. The magnetic films were characterized by the above-mentioned techniques and X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry and thermogravimetrical analysis

330

Maximizing surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensitivity of surfactant-free Ag-Fe3O4 nanocomposites through optimization of silver nanoparticle density and magnetic self-assembly  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic composite nanomaterials consisting of more than two functional constituents have been attracting much research interests due to the realization of multiple functionalities in a single entity. In particular, integration of ferromagnetic oxides and noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) in composites results in simultaneous magnetic activity and optical response where the optical property of the whole system could be modulated by application of an external magnetic field. In this work, we prepared Ag NPs-coated Fe3O4 microspheres as a novel surfactant-free surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate through a solid-phase thermal decomposition reaction. The SERS sensitivity of the fabricated nanocomposites is maximized by adjusting the size and density of Ag NPs supported on the Fe3O4 microspheres and further increased by magnetic-field-directed self-assembly of the composite substrates, with both effects attributed to the efficient generation of plasmonic near-field "hot" spots. At the optimal conditions, the prepared substrate is capable of detecting rhodamine 6G molecules at a concentration down to 10-12 M, thus demonstrating the great potential of using bifunctional nanocomposites as an excellent candidate for ultra-high sensitive Raman spectroscopy and biosensors. We also reveal the underlying mechanisms responsible for the observed SERS enhancements through full-wave numerical simulations.

Bao, Zhi Yong; Dai, Jiyan; Yuan Lei, Dang; Wu, Yucheng

2013-09-01

331

Vanillin-molecularly targeted extraction of stir bar based on magnetic field induced self-assembly of multifunctional Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles for detection of vanilla-flavor enhancers in infant milk powders.  

Science.gov (United States)

A molecularly imprinted stir bar was constructed based on Fe3O4@Polyaniline nanoparticles with magnetic field-induced self-assembly process. The monomer, methacrylic acid, was pre-assembled into the pre-polymers with vanillin as template by the formation of hydrogen bonds. After that, the magnetic complexes were generated by the hydrogen bonding, the hydrophobic and ?-? interaction between the pre-polymers and Fe3O4@Polyaniline. The complexes were adsorbed on the surface of magnetic stir bar under the magnetic induction, and the coating of vanillin-molecularly imprinted polymers was generated by the one-step copolymerization basing on the cross linking of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate. The molecular imprinting stir bar showed superior selectivity and fast binding kinetics for vanillin, and was used for the enrichment of vanilla-flavor enhancers (vanillin, ethyl maltol and methyl vanillin) in infant milk powders. The results measured by HPLC-UV exhibited good linear ranges of 0.01-100, 0.02-100 and 0.03-100?gmL(-1) with the limit of detection of 2.5-10.0ngmL(-1), and the recoveries were 94.7-98.9%, 82.1-96.7% and 84.5-93.2% with RSD<7.2% for the three enhancers, respectively. PMID:25514645

Wu, Jinhua; Yang, Zaiyue; Chen, Ning; Zhu, Wanying; Hong, Junli; Huang, Changgao; Zhou, Xuemin

2015-03-15

332

Terbium doped SnO2 nanoparticles as white emitters and SnO2:5Tb/Fe3O4 magnetic luminescent nanohybrids for hyperthermia application and biocompatibility with HeLa cancer cells.  

Science.gov (United States)

SnO2:5Tb (SnO2 doped with 5 at% Tb(3+)) nanoparticles were synthesised by a polyol method and their luminescence properties at different annealing temperatures were studied. Characterization of nanomaterials was done by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). XRD studies indicate that the prepared nanoparticles were of tetragonal structures. Upon Tb(3+) ion incorporation into SnO2, Sn(4+) changes to Sn(2+) and, on annealing again at higher temperature, Sn(2+) changes to Sn(4+). The prepared nanoparticles were spherical in shape. Sn-O vibrations were found from the FTIR studies. In photoluminescence studies, the intensity of the emission peaks of Tb(3+) ions increases with the increase of annealing temperature, and emission spectra lie in the region of white emission in the CIE diagram. CCT calculations show that the SnO2:5Tb emission lies in cold white emission. Quantum yields up to 38% can be obtained for 900 °C annealed samples. SnO2:5Tb nanoparticles were well incorporated into the PVA polymer and such a material incorporated into the polymer can be used for display devices. The SnO2:5Tb/Fe3O4 nanohybrid was prepared and investigated for hyperthermia applications at different concentrations of the nanohybrid. This achieves a hyperthermia temperature (42 °C) under an AC magnetic field. The hybrid nanomaterial SnO2:5Tb/Fe3O4 was found to exhibit biocompatibility with HeLa cells (human cervical cancer cells) at concentrations up to 74% for 100 ?g L(-1). Also, this nanohybrid shows green emission and thus it will be helpful in tracing magnetic nanoparticles through optical imaging in vivo and in vitro application. PMID:25747103

Singh, Laishram Priyobarta; Singh, Ningthoujam Premananda; Srivastava, Sri Krishna

2015-03-24

333

Core-Shell Nanostructure of ?-Fe2O3/Fe3O4: Synthesis and Photocatalysis for Methyl Orange  

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Full Text Available Fe3O4 nanoparticle was synthesized in the solution involving water and ethanol. Then, ?-Fe2O3 shell was produced in situ on the surface of the Fe3O4 nanoparticle by surface oxidation in molten salts, forming ?-Fe2O3/Fe3O4 core-shell nanostructure. It was showed that the magnetic properties transformed from ferromagnetism to superparamagnetism after the primary Fe3O4 nanoparticles were oxidized. Furthermore, the obtained ?-Fe2O3/Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles were used to photocatalyse solution of methyl orange, and the results revealed that ?-Fe2O3/Fe3O4 nanoparticles were more efficient than the self-prepared ?-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. At the same time, the photocatalyzer was recyclable by applying an appropriate magnetic field.

Yang Tian

2011-01-01

334

Preparation of C18-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell magnetic nanoparticles for extraction and determination of phthalic acid esters in Chinese herb preparations.  

Science.gov (United States)

The extraction and determination of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) residue in Chinese herbal preparations (CHP) by C18-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (C18-FS-MNP) has been firstly performed. It was synthesized through coating Fe3O4 nanoparticles with sodium silicate, followed by freeze-drying technique and then modified with C18 groups. C18-FS-MNPs prepared via freeze-drying technique were superior to those particles prepared via common vacuum drying method in terms of dispersion and extraction recovery. C18-FS-MNPs demonstrated obvious enrichment effect for four model PAEs and 478-627-fold enrichment factors were obtained. The limit of detection was <1.89ng/mL and relative standard deviation was ranging from 3.7 to 5.8%. It was successfully applied for determination of trace PAEs residue in CHP with good recoveries. PMID:25213260

Guo, Bize; Ji, Shunli; Zhang, Feifang; Yang, Bingcheng; Gu, Jiangping; Liang, Xinmiao

2014-11-01

335

Mössbauer study of stability and growth confinement of magnetic Fe3 O 4 drug carrier  

Science.gov (United States)

Bare Fe3O4 and Fe3O4/zeolite composites have been investigated by Mössbauer spectroscopy. A confined growth of the nanoparticles has been observed after introduction of zeolite in the process of precipitation. Increase in the concentration of zeolite further decrease the particle size. A comparative study on the synthesis with zeolites 13x and ZSM5 has been done. Annealing on these nanoparticles shows that apart from the confinement of nanoparticles, zeolite enhances stability on the nanoparticles.

Herojit Singh, L.; Pati, S. S.; Oliveira, A. C.; Garg, V. K.

2014-12-01

336

Morphology and magnetic properties of Fe3O4-alginic acid nanocomposites  

OpenAIRE

Morphology, structure and magnetic properties of nanocomposites of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and alginic acid (AA) are studied. Magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the nanoparticles capped with alginic acid exhibit very distinct properties. The chemical bonding between alginic acid and surface of magnetite nanoparticles results in recovery of surface magnetization. On the other hand, it also leads to enhanced surface spin disorder and unconventional behavior of magnetiza...

Kazmierczak, M.; Pogorzelec-glaser, K.; Hilczer, A.; Jurga, S.; Majchrzycki, L.; Nowicki, M.; Czajka, R.; Matelski, F.; Pankiewicz, R.; Leska, B.; Kepinski, L.; Andrzejewski, B.

2013-01-01

337

Fabrication and characterization of superparamagnetic and thermoresponsive hydrogels based on oleic-acid-coated Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles, hexa(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate and 2-(acetoacetoxy)ethyl methacrylate  

Science.gov (United States)

Stimuli-responsive hydrogel nanocomposites comprised of swollen polymer networks, in which magnetic nanoparticles are embedded, are a relatively new class of "smart" soft materials presenting a significant impact on various technological and biomedical applications. A novel approach for the fabrication of hydrogel nanocomposites exhibiting temperature- and magneto-responsive behavior involves the random copolymerization of hexa(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (HEGMA, hydrophilic, thermoresponsive) and 2-(acetoacetoxy)ethyl methacrylate (AEMA, hydrophobic, metal-chelating) in the presence of preformed oleic-acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles (OA·Fe 3O 4). In total, two series of hydrogel nanocomposites have been prepared in two different solvent systems: ethyl acetate (series A) and tetrahydrofuran (series B). The degrees of swelling (DSs) of all conetworks were determined in organic and in aqueous media. The nanocrystalline phase adopted by the embedded magnetic nanoparticles was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The obtained diffraction patterns indicated the presence of magnetite (Fe 3O 4). Deswelling kinetic studies that were carried out at ˜60 °C in water demonstrated the thermoresponsive properties of the hydrogel nanocomposites, attributed to the presence of the hexaethylene glycol side chains within the conetworks. Moreover, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements showed that these materials exhibited superior thermal stability compared to the pristine hydrogels. Further to the characterization of compositional and thermal properties, the assessment of magnetic characteristics by vibrational sample magnetometry (VSM) disclosed superparamagnetic behavior. The tunable superparamagnetic behavior exhibited by these materials depending on the amount of magnetic nanoparticles incorporated within the networks combined with their thermoresponsive properties may allow for their future exploitation in the biomedical field.

Papaphilippou, Petri C.; Pourgouris, Antonis; Marinica, Oana; Taculescu, Alina; Athanasopoulos, George I.; Vekas, Ladislau; Krasia-Christoforou, Theodora

2011-03-01

338

Toxicity Assessment of Silica Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Biocompatibility Improvement by Surface Engineering  

OpenAIRE

We have studied in vitro toxicity of iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) coated with a thin silica shell (Fe3O4/SiO2 NPs) on A549 and HeLa cells. We compared bare and surface passivated Fe3O4/SiO2 NPs to evaluate the effects of the coating on the particle stability and toxicity. NPs cytotoxicity was investigated by cell viability, membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species (ROS) assays, and their genotoxicity by comet assay. Our results show that NPs surfac...

Malvindi, Maria Ada; Matteis, Valeria; Galeone, Antonio; Brunetti, Virgilio; Anyfantis, George C.; Athanassiou, Athanassia; Cingolani, Roberto; Pompa, Pier Paolo

2014-01-01

339

Magnetoresistance of Fe3O4-graphene-Fe3O4 junctions  

OpenAIRE

The magnetoresistance (MR) of Fe3O4-graphene-Fe3O4 junctions has been experimentally studied at different temperatures. It is found that a barrier exists at the Fe3O4/graphene interface. The existence of the interfacial barrier was further confirmed by the nonlinear I-V characteristics and nonmetallic temperature dependence of the interfacial resistance. Moreover, spin dependent transport at the interfaces contributes ?1.6% MR to the whole device at room temperature and can be regulated by ...

Shvets, Igor; Cross, Graham; Duesberg, Georg Stefan; Wang, Jing Jing

2011-01-01

340

Electrochemical determination of NADH using a glassy carbon electrode modified with Fe3O4 nanoparticles and poly-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, and its application to the determination of antioxidant capacity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have prepared a glassy carbon electrode modified with poly-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid and with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. This modification enhances the effective surface area and the electrocatalytic oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) in addition to providing positively charged groups for electrostatic assembly of the phosphate group of NADH. The modified electrode responds linearly to NADH in the range from 5 x 10-8 to 2.5 x 10-5 M and gives a lower detection limit of 1 x 10-8 M. It displays satisfactory selectivity and reproducibility. The sensor was applied to rapid screening of plant extracts for their antioxidant properties. (author)