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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Hearing Loss Introduction Hearing problems are pretty common in older people. Around one in three people over ... will help you better understand hearing loss. Anatomy & Hearing Our ears are very specialized organs that allow ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Hearing Loss Introduction Hearing problems are pretty common in older people. Around one in three people over the age of 65 have hearing loss. Most people can have very good hearing ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... notice their hearing loss while speaking on the phone. Earaches may be common if the hearing loss ... with severe hearing loss to talk on the phone. Headsets that make sounds louder or services that ...

4

Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Hearing Loss Introduction Hearing problems are pretty common in older people. Around one in three people over the age of 65 have hearing loss. Most people can have very good hearing with the help of hearing aids. Hearing aids ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... deafness may result are encouraged to learn sign language while they are still able to hear. Summary Hearing loss is fairly common, especially after the age of 50. Hearing aids and special hearing techniques ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Hearing Loss Introduction Hearing problems are pretty common in older people. Around one in three people over the age of 65 have hearing loss. Most ... for balance. This is why many times hearing problems and balance problems happen together. The fact that ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... born with them. Other problems include tumors, infections, brain injuries, and aging. Some hearing loss is inherited and ... of hearing loss or deafness are related to brain injuries. When the part of the brain that understands ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Other problems include tumors, infections, brain injuries, and aging. Some hearing loss is inherited and runs in ... hearing loss or deafness is due to the aging process. It is known as presbycusis. It starts ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... repeated exposure to loud noises, such as loud music, machinery, lawn mowers etc. Some medications can either ... notice their hearing loss while speaking on the phone. Earaches may be common if the hearing loss ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... may actually be seen coming out of the external auditory canal. Dizziness may also accompany hearing loss, ... background noises. Some hearing aids fit inside the external auditory canal and cannot even be seen. When ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... For patients with severe hearing loss, learning sign language can be very helpful and worthwhile. Patients undergoing ... deafness may result are encouraged to learn sign language while they are still able to hear. Summary ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... loss. Anatomy & Hearing Our ears are very specialized organs that allow us to hear and to keep our balance. Auricle Ear Canal Tympanic Membrane Ossicles Inner Ear Each ear has three ...

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Hearing and Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

How the ear works, and how you can prevent hearing loss! Turn em Down iPod's Popular Earbuds: Hip Or Harmful? How the ear works Common Indoor and Outdoor Noise Levels Article with Decibel Chart for Common Sounds How the ear works How the ear works with images and graphics What is noise-induced hearing loss? ======================== Hearing Loss Simulation Hearing Loss Demo # 1 So, how do you know if LOUD is TOO LOUD? How Loud is Too Loud? Noise Induced Hearing Loss ...

Engelman, Mr.

2009-05-27

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... accompany hearing loss, especially in cases of Ménière's disease. Ménière's disease is a disease of the inner ear causing a variety of ... be seen. When external hearing aids do not work, implantable hearing aids and cochlear implants may be ...

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... people are born with them. Other problems include tumors, infections, brain injuries, and aging. Some hearing loss is inherited ... CAT scans and MRIs of the ears and brain may be done to rule out the possibility of fractures or tumors. Treatment The treatment of hearing loss depends on ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... tumors that involve the eighth nerve are called acoustic neuromas. The ossicles in the middle ear can become ... patients with hearing loss especially patients who have acoustic neuromas, a form of tumor. This buzzing is known ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... auricle and the ear canal. The ear canal leads inside the ear to the eardrum, or tympanic ... Repeated infection of the middle ear can also lead to damage of the ossicles. Hearing loss and ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... are born with them. Other problems include tumors, infections, brain injuries, and aging. Some hearing loss is ... can clog the ear canal and cause an infection. Infection or obstruction of the ear canal may ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... ear causing a variety of symptoms such as severe dizziness, a roaring sound in the ears, fluctuating hearing loss, and the sensation of pressure or pain in the ear. The sound of continuous buzzing ...

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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... brain to identify where the sound came from. Causes Hearing loss can result from a variety of ... Sometimes wax can clog the ear canal and cause an infection. Infection or obstruction of the ear ...

 
 
 
 
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Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available ... X-Plain.com ol010205 Last reviewed: 05/25/2013 1 Another part of the inner ear is ... X-Plain.com ol010205 Last reviewed: 05/25/2013 2 The most common cause of hearing loss ...

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Infant Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... as three months old can be fitted with hearing aids. Early diagnosis is crucial in the management of pediatric hearing loss. When diagnosis is delayed, there can be significant impact on speech and language development. Early fitting of hearing or other prosthetic aids, and an ...

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Hearing Loss in Adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses hearing loss in adults. It begins with an explanation of the anatomy of the ear and then explains the three types of hearing loss: conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss, and mixed conductive-sensorineural hearing loss. Tinnitus, hearing aids, and cochlear implants are also addressed. (CR)

House, John W.

1997-01-01

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... with hearing problems enjoy television programs and movies. Services are also available for people with severe hearing ... the phone. Headsets that make sounds louder or services that turn spoken words into readable words are ...

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The Psychoeducational Characteristics of School-Aged Students in Colorado with Educationally Significant Hearing Losses.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study of 461 Colorado students (ages 7-18) with deafness or partial hearing investigated the students' psychoeducational development by age and hearing loss, including syntactic comprehension and production, reading comprehension, social maturity, speech intelligibility, and math calculation skills. Traditional standardized measures of…

Yoshinaga-Itano, Christine; Downey, Doris M.

1996-01-01

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Hearing Loss  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... allow us to hear and to keep our balance. Auricle Ear Canal Tympanic Membrane Ossicles Inner Ear ... part of the inner ear is responsible for balance. The eighth nerve also carries information to the ...

27

Hearing loss and motorcyclists.  

Science.gov (United States)

Motorcyclists are known to be exposed to excessive wind noise levels when riding. The potential adverse effects of this exposure on their hearing was investigated. Temporary threshold shift (TTS) was assessed by asking 18 riders to undertake a standard test run of one hour at a steady 80 mph, and performing audiometry before and immediately afterwards. Permanent threshold shift (PTS) was assessed by performing pure-tone audiograms on a highly screened group of 246 motorcyclists and comparing their hearing thresholds with those of an appropriate control group obtained from the MRC National Study of Hearing. Significant TTS was found at 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz. The greatest TTS occurred at 1 kHz, with a mean hearing loss of 10.3 dB. The hearing thresholds of the motorcyclists were significantly worse than the controls at 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz, and was most marked at 0.5 and 1 kHz where their hearing loss (PTS) was, respectively, 3.7 and 3.6 dB greater than expected. These findings demonstrate evidence of both temporary and permanent hearing loss from motorcycling and present a strong argument for the need for some form of remedial action. PMID:7561464

McCombe, A W; Binnington, J; Davis, A; Spencer, H

1995-07-01

28

Child's Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... play in managing your child?s hearing loss. The Audiologist The audiologist is likely to be the first professional you ... initial news regarding your child?s hearing loss. The audiologist will carry out behavioral or objective testing (such ...

29

Genes and Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Genes and Hearing Loss Genes and Hearing Loss Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the ... mutation may only have dystopia canthorum. How Do Genes Work? Genes are a road map for the ...

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Hearing loss in Diabetes Mellitus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The complex arrangement of inner ear makes it potential target of hyperglycaemic damage. A study was conducted to identify the probable occurrence of hearing loss as a complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM.Aims and objective:· To assess the hearing loss in type 2 diabetic patients and correlate with age, duration of diabetes, HbA1C.· To correlate hearing loss with nerve conduction study.Design: Cross sectional study was done involving randomly 110 Type 2 DM patients. Data regarding their age and duration of diabetes was collected. Pure tone Audiometry and Nerve conduction study was done. HbA1c level determined. Data statistically analysed using Pearson correlation coefficient.Results: Out of 110 patients 48 patients (43.6% had bilateral Sensorineural hearing in higher frequency (2000hz, 4000hz. Among them Severe hearing loss (71 dB to 90dB was seen in 7 patients (6.36%, moderately severe hearing loss (61dB to 70dB in 16 patients (14.54% and moderate hearing loss(30dB to 60 dB in 25 patients (22.7%. Among 47 patients who had diabetes for more than 10 years, 29 patients (61.7% showed at least mild hearing loss. Duration of DM and sensorineural hearing loss at 2000Hz and 4000Hz showed statistically significant correlation (Pearson coefficient r= 0.561 and r= 0.727 respectively at 0.01 level. In other frequencies no significant correlation was found. Coefficient of determination was r2=0.31(31% and r2=0.52(52% respectively between duration of DM and hearing loss at 2000Hz and 4000Hz. The correlation of hearing loss in lower frequency with HbA1c did not show any statistical significance. However HbA1c and hearing loss in higher frequency (2000 hz and 4000hz showed statistically significant correlation (Pearson coefficient r= 0.282 and r= 0.385 respectively. The correlation of hearing loss with Nerve conduction study did not show any statistical significance.

Pemmaiah K.D

2011-10-01

31

Noise and Hearing Loss Prevention  

Science.gov (United States)

... Topics NIOSH Share Compartir NOISE AND HEARING LOSS PREVENTION Occupational hearing loss is the most common work- ... Facts and Statistics Publications and Tools Hearing Loss Prevention National Goals, Policies, and Standards Features Buy Quiet ...

32

Intellectual Disabilities and Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Undetected/untreated hearing loss imposes significant limitations upon individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). It can interfere with cognitive development, impede communicative and social interactions, and limit vocational aspirations. Over the past decade, the hearing of 9961 people with ID was evaluated at Special Olympics sports…

Herer, Gilbert R.

2012-01-01

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Congenital sensorineural hearing loss  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The ears of 47 selected patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss were examined with complex-motion tomography. The patients were divided into 3 general categories: those with a recognized syndrome, those with sensorineural hearing loss unrelated to any known syndrome, and those with microtia. A great variety of inner ear anomalies was detected, but rarely were these characteristic of a particular clinical entity. The most common finding was the Mondini malformation or one of its variants. Isolated dysplasia of the internal auditory canal or the vestibular aqueduct may be responsible for sensorineural hearing loss in some patients. Patients with microtia may also have severe inner ear abnormalities despite the fact that the outer and inner ears develop embryologically from completely separate systems.

Mafee, M.F.; Selis, J.E.; Yannias, D.A.; Valvassori, G.E.; Pruzansky, S.; Applebaum, E.L.; Capek, V.

1984-02-01

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Hearing Loss in Aging Mentally Handicapped Persons.  

Science.gov (United States)

The survey of hearing loss among residents (N=398) of a long-stay hospital for persons with mental handicap found 10 percent of those over 18 and 70 percent of those aged 70-79 had socially significant hearing loss. Possible reasons are offered for this higher prevalence in the mentally handicapped population and for poor utilization of hearing

Cooke, Leila B.

1989-01-01

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[Physiological effects of destruction of the tip links of cochlear hair cells. Significance for noise-induced hearing loss].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sound overexposure is known to cause damage to cochlear structures and can induce permanent or temporary hearing loss and tinnitus. Perhaps the most sensitive of these structures to sound overexposure are the tip links. In this paper the electrophysiological effects of pharmacological destruction of the tip links of outer hair cells was investigated. Outer hair cells treated with elastase (20 U/mL) or BAPTA (5 mM) no longer responded to sinusoidal stimuli. In contrast to common belief, transduction channels opened due to loss of tip links. Such opened channels can allow K+ and Ca2+ to enter the cell from the endolymphatic space and cold lead to permanent depolarization. This influx of cations caused by loss of tip links, together with the subsequent hair-cell depolarization, might be a source of sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus associated with acoustic trauma. PMID:10872120

Meyer, J; Gummer, A W

2000-05-01

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Sensorineural hearing loss in children.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The objective of the study was to examine the aetiology of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in a paediatric population presenting to the National Centre of Medical Genetics. A retrospective chart review from 1998 to 2006. One hundred and twenty nine children were investigated for SNHL. The average age of diagnosis of hearing loss was 36 months. The degree of hearing loss was mild in 8 children, moderate in 33 children, severe in 31 children and profound in 57 children. Eighty-five children (66%) were diagnosed with a hereditary hearing loss, 11 (8%) children had an acquired hearing loss and no cause found in 33 (26%) children. This is the first report of the causes of hearing loss in Irish children. The mean age of diagnosis in our cohort is high and emphasises the need for a neonatal screening programme. There remains a number of children for whom the cause of hearing loss remains unknown.

Wormald, R

2010-02-01

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Age-Related Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... with family and friends, leading to feelings of isolation. Age-related hearing loss most often occurs in ... the basilar membrane because it serves as the base, or ground floor, on which key hearing structures ...

38

Age-related hearing loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... around you Frequently asking people to repeat themselves Frustration at not being able to hear Certain sounds ... to deafness. Hearing loss may cause you to avoid leaving home. Seek help from your health care ...

39

Hearing Loss and Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

... I find additional information about hearing loss and older adults? The NIDCD maintains a directory of organizations that provide information on the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, taste, smell, voice, speech, and language. Use the ...

40

Acquired hearing loss in adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies on prevalence of acquired hearing loss across the life span have shown a trend of increase in hearing loss with age. A parallel decline in age of recreational use of loud music and cigarette smoking suggests that these early listening and recreational habits may be major contributing factors to the chronic hearing disability seen in later years. In recognition of these new recreational patterns of adolescents and young adults, Healthy People 2010 has issued a list of objectives for prevention of noise-induced hearing loss and smoking in adolescents and young adults through early education and intervention. In this article, the authors describe the effects of noise- and music-induced and smoking-induced hearing loss and provide guidelines for early identification and hearing conservation. Such an early approach to identification and conservation should ultimately help reduce hearing loss prevalence rates in adults. PMID:19041465

Katbamna, Bharti; Flamme, Gregory A

2008-12-01

 
 
 
 
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The Stigma of Hearing Loss  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose:?To explore dimensions of stigma experienced by older adults with hearing loss and those with whom they frequently communicate to target interventions promoting engagement and positive aging.?Design and Methods:?This longitudinal qualitative study conducted interviews over 1 year with dyads where one partner had hearing loss. Participants were naive to or had not worn hearing aids in the past year. Data were analyzed using grounded theory, constant comparative methodology.?Res...

Wallhagen, Margaret I.

2010-01-01

42

The Stigma of Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To explore dimensions of stigma experienced by older adults with hearing loss and those with whom they frequently communicate to target interventions promoting engagement and positive aging. Design and Methods: This longitudinal qualitative study conducted interviews over 1 year with dyads where one partner had hearing loss. Participants…

Wallhagen, Margaret I.

2010-01-01

43

Relation between arterial hypertension and hearing loss  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To verify the relationship between systemic arterial hypertension (SAH and hearing loss in middle-aged patient. Method: This study was carried out in the period from January to December 2007. The research was composed by 392 patients of both genders, aged from 45 to 60 years old. Anamnesis and threshold tonal audiometry data were analyzed. Results: There was a significant association between SAH and hearing loss. Conclusion: The results showed an evident association between SAH and hearing loss, which requires the disclosure of a preventive process.

Mondelli, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia

2009-03-01

44

Genetic Counseling for Hearing Loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses epidemiologic and demographic characteristics of hereditary hearing loss and genetic evaluation and counseling. It discusses who should have genetic counseling, the genetic counseling process, and effects of genetics technology on the genetic counseling process. A case study of a 2-year-old with severe sensorineural hearing

Arnos, Kathleen S.

1997-01-01

45

Hearing loss and music  

Science.gov (United States)

... The risk of damage to your hearing when listening to music depends on: How loud the music is How ... time you use headphones. Turn down the volume. Listening to music at level 5 or above for just 15 ...

46

Perceptual Consequences of “Hidden” Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Dramatic results from recent animal experiments show that noise exposure can cause a selective loss of high-threshold auditory nerve fibers without affecting absolute sensitivity permanently. This cochlear neuropathy has been described as hidden hearing loss, as it is not thought to be detectable using standard measures of audiometric threshold. It is possible that hidden hearing loss is a common condition in humans and may underlie some of the perceptual deficits experienced by people with clinically normal hearing. There is some evidence that a history of noise exposure is associated with difficulties in speech discrimination and temporal processing, even in the absence of any audiometric loss. There is also evidence that the tinnitus experienced by listeners with clinically normal hearing is associated with cochlear neuropathy, as measured using Wave I of the auditory brainstem response. To date, however, there has been no direct link made between noise exposure, cochlear neuropathy, and perceptual difficulties. Animal experiments also reveal that the aging process itself, in the absence of significant noise exposure, is associated with loss of auditory nerve fibers. Evidence from human temporal bone studies and auditory brainstem response measures suggests that this form of hidden loss is common in humans and may have perceptual consequences, in particular, regarding the coding of the temporal aspects of sounds. Hidden hearing loss is potentially a major health issue, and investigations are ongoing to identify the causes and consequences of this troubling condition. PMID:25204468

Barker, Daphne; Prendergast, Garreth

2014-01-01

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Risk factors for hearing loss in elderly  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To identify risk factors related to sensorineural hearing loss in elderly. Methods: The sample consisted of 60 selected elderly, divided into two groups: the Case Group, composed by 30 individuals, 21 females and 9 males, aged at least 60 years, presenting sensorineural hearing loss, and the Control Group, composed by 30 individuals matched on gender and age, with normal hearing. The patients were submitted to audiological anamnesis and tonal audiometry. The hearing impairment was defined according to average threshold greater than 35dBNA, in the frequencies of 1,000; 2,000 and 4,000 Hz, in the best ear. Results: Statistically significant odds ratios were: a to audiological history: noise exposure and family history of deafness; b to situations involving hearing difficulty: television, church, telephone, silent environment, spatial location of sound, difficulty with voices and noisy environment; c to otologic history: tinnitus, otorrhea and nausea; and d to medical history: visual problems, smoke, alcohol, thyroid problems and kidney disease. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlighted, for sensorineural hearing loss, risk factors related to audiologic, otologic and medical history, and to situations involving hearing difficulty.

Kelly Vasconcelos Chaves Martins

2012-06-01

48

Noise-induced hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) still remains a problem in developed countries, despite reduced occupational noise exposure, strict standards for hearing protection and extensive public health awareness campaigns. Therefore NIHL continues to be the focus of noise research activities. This paper summarizes progress achieved recently in our knowledge of NIHL. It includes papers published between the years 2008-2011 (in English), which were identified by a literature search of accessible medical and other relevant databases. A substantial part of this research has been concerned with the risk of NIHL in the entertainment sector, particularly in professional, orchestral musicians. There are also constant concerns regarding noise exposure and hearing risk in "hard to control" occupations, such as farming and construction work. Although occupational noise has decreased since the early 1980s, the number of young people subject to social noise exposure has tripled. If the exposure limits from the Noise at Work Regulations are applied, discotheque music, rock concerts, as well as music from personal music players are associated with the risk of hearing loss in teenagers and young adults. Several recent research studies have increased the understanding of the pathomechanisms of acoustic trauma, the genetics of NIHL, as well as possible dietary and pharmacologic otoprotection in acoustic trauma. The results of these studies are very promising and offer grounds to expect that targeted therapies might help prevent the loss of sensory hair cells and protect the hearing of noise-exposed individuals. These studies emphasize the need to launch an improved noise exposure policy for hearing protection along with developing more efficient norms of NIHL risk assessment. PMID:23257577

Sliwinska-Kowalska, Mariola; Davis, Adrian

2012-01-01

49

Hearing Loss in Children: Data and Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

... and family out-of-pocket expenses. The actual economic costs of hearing loss, therefore, will be even higher than what is reported ... Grosse SD. Education cost savings from early detection of hearing loss: ...

50

Hearing Loss due to Carbon Monoxide Poisoning  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Carbon monoxide poisoning is one of the rare causes of hearing loss which may cause reversible or irreversible, unilateral or bilateral hearing loss after acute or chronic exposure. In this report, we present a case of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in a secondary smelting workshop worker after an acute exposure to carbon monoxide. This complication was diagnosed by pure-tone audiometry and confirmed by transient evoked otoacoustic emissions. Hearing loss has not improved after 3 months of followup.

Mehrparvar, Amir Houshang; Davari, Mohammad Hossein

2013-01-01

51

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher ... Hearing and Vision Loss Video (Quicktime) Transcript of Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher ...

52

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

... Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher ... Hearing and Vision Loss Video (Quicktime) Transcript of Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher ...

53

Radiation Therapy and Hearing Loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review of literature on the development of sensorineural hearing loss after high-dose radiation therapy for head-and-neck tumors and stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma is presented. Because of the small volume of the cochlea a dose-volume analysis is not feasible. Instead, the current literature on the effect of the mean dose received by the cochlea and other treatment- and patient-related factors on outcome are evaluated. Based on the data, a specific threshold dose to cochlea for sensorineural hearing loss cannot be determined; therefore, dose-prescription limits are suggested. A standard for evaluating radiation therapy-associated ototoxicity as well as a detailed approach for scoring toxicity is presented.

54

Sensorineural hearing loss in neurobrucellosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurobrucellosis (NB) is a rare clinical presentation of brucellosis. This form is hard to diagnose because of a lack of definite diagnostic criteria, and its treatment is also hard. The clinical spectrum may cover a span between non-specific neurological symptoms to a severe meningoencephalitis. We report 3 patients with NB, whose main complaint was sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) who were followed up at our hospital for 3 years. We diagnosed NB by positive CSF cultures in 2 patients and by a positive brucella IgG agglutination titer in blood and CSF in the third. Sensorineural hearing loss is a rare complication of NB, which has not attracted enough attention among known manifestations. Neurologists and otologists should be aware of this symptom as a probable clinical presentation of brucellosis. PMID:21063344

Sengoz, Gonul; Yasar, Kadriye K; Yildirim, Filiz; Nazlican, Ozcan

2008-07-01

55

RADIATION THERAPY AND HEARING LOSS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A review of literature on the development of sensorineural hearing loss after high-dose radiation therapy for head-and-neck tumors and stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma is presented. Because of the small volume of the cochlea a dose–volume analysis is not feasible. Instead, the current literature on the effect of the mean dose received by the cochlea and other treatment- and patient-related factors on outcome are e...

Bhandare, Niranjan; Jackson, Andrew; Eisbruch, Avraham; Pan, Charlie C.; Flickinger, John C.; Antonelli, Patrick; Mendenhall, William M.

2010-01-01

56

Association between hearing loss and depressive symptoms in elderly  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing loss causes difficulties in speech understanding, which leads away from the family and social environment. This isolation may be associated with depressive disorders. Type of study: clinical prospective. Objective: To determine the association between hearing loss and depression in a group of non-institutionalized elderly. Method: The sample consisted of individuals aged over 60 years, undergoing complete audiological evaluation and screening for depressive symptoms with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS. Results: We evaluated 54 elderly, 26 (48.1% were female and 28 (51.9% males. It was found that 39 (72.2% had hearing thresholds change, and 17 (31.5% with mild hearing loss and 22 (40.7% with moderate hearing loss. Were evident signs of depression in 25 elderly (46.3%, and 22 (40.7% had hearing loss. Data analysis showed an association between hearing loss and depression (p = 0.016. Although not significant (p = 0.18, the association between the degree of hearing loss was positive in relation to the severity of the signs of depression. Conclusion: In elderly people surveyed, there was a strong association between hearing loss and signs of depression and tendency to be an association between the degree of hearing loss and the severity of the signs of depression.

Teixeira, Adriane Ribeiro

2010-12-01

57

Introduction to audiology: Some basics about hearing loss, hearing technologies and barriers to hearing aid use  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter provides background information for researchers who wish to become familiar with some basic medical and audiological aspects of hearing loss and the technology of hearing aids. It introduces (1) the disciplines involved in research on hearing loss, (2) the medical categories of hearing loss and their various effects on communication, (3) the different degrees of hearing loss as defined by different national and international organizations, (4) statistics on the preva- lence of hearing loss worldwide, (5) some technological aspects of hearing instruments, (6) sta- tistics on non-usage of hearing instruments worldwide, and (7) barriers to using hearing aids. Since hearing loss is a worldwide pervasive phenomenon which is likely to increase even further in the future, the authors point out that an understanding of the non-use of hearing aids is crucial.

Mourtou, Eleni

2012-01-01

58

Navigating Your Child's Hearing Loss Diagnosis  

Science.gov (United States)

For hearing parents, receiving a hearing loss diagnosis for their child can be a shocking event. For some parents, the diagnosis is the fulfillment of a hunch; confirmation of the suspected, but still scary verdict. Recent research finds that the period directly after hearing loss diagnosis is the most stressful and burdensome for parents,…

Trapp Petty, Melissa A.

2011-01-01

59

Sources of noise-induced hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational health nurses should educate employees about the risk of noise-induced hearing loss from portable music players and cellular phones during preplacement and annual hearing evaluations. PMID:18019772

Loftis, Melissa

2007-11-01

60

Sensorineural hearing loss after magnetic resonance imaging  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) devices produce noise, which may affect patient's or operators' hearing. Some cases of hearing impairment after MRI procedure have been reported with different patterns (temporary or permanent, unilateral or bilateral, with or without other symptoms like tinnitus). In this report, a case of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in an otherwise healthy patient underwent brain MRI was described. The patient's hearing loss was accompanied with tinnitus and was not improved after 3 months of followup.

Mollasadeghi, Abolfazl; Mehrparvar, Amir Houshang

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

¿Hipoacusia súbita? Sudden Hearing Loss?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se presenta un caso de paciente mujer sin antecedentes mórbidos que consulta a nuestro servicio por síntomas sugerentes de hipoacusia súbita. La evaluación audiométrica y prueba calórica era compatible con una parálisis cocleovestibular y dado que no presentaba contraindicaciones, se decide iniciar tratamiento con corticoides y antiviral oral. La evolución inicial fue favorable sin embargo al control del mes presentó un nuevo deterioro audiométrico. Esto motivó mayor estudio con el cual se pudo llegara un diagnóstico etiológico. Este caso es presentado para recordar que hay otras patologías que pueden simular una hipoacusia súbita idiopática, lo cual no se debe olvidaren el manejo de estos pacientes.Clinical case of female patient without morbid background who consults due to sudden hearing loss symptoms. The audiometric and caloric tests were compatible with a cochleo vestibular paralysis and because there were no contraindications, oral steroids and antiviral, treatment was indicated. Although the initial response was favorable, at the first month check up an audiometric deterioration was found. This led to further study achieving an etiological diagnosis. This case is presented to remind that there are other pathologies that can simulate an idiopathic sudden hearing loss, which should not be forgotten in the management of these patients.

Santiago Cornejo Sch

2010-04-01

62

¿Hipoacusia súbita? / Sudden Hearing Loss?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presenta un caso de paciente mujer sin antecedentes mórbidos que consulta a nuestro servicio por síntomas sugerentes de hipoacusia súbita. La evaluación audiométrica y prueba calórica era compatible con una parálisis cocleovestibular y dado que no presentaba contraindicaciones, se decide iniciar [...] tratamiento con corticoides y antiviral oral. La evolución inicial fue favorable sin embargo al control del mes presentó un nuevo deterioro audiométrico. Esto motivó mayor estudio con el cual se pudo llegara un diagnóstico etiológico. Este caso es presentado para recordar que hay otras patologías que pueden simular una hipoacusia súbita idiopática, lo cual no se debe olvidaren el manejo de estos pacientes. Abstract in english Clinical case of female patient without morbid background who consults due to sudden hearing loss symptoms. The audiometric and caloric tests were compatible with a cochleo vestibular paralysis and because there were no contraindications, oral steroids and antiviral, treatment was indicated. Althoug [...] h the initial response was favorable, at the first month check up an audiometric deterioration was found. This led to further study achieving an etiological diagnosis. This case is presented to remind that there are other pathologies that can simulate an idiopathic sudden hearing loss, which should not be forgotten in the management of these patients.

Santiago, Cornejo Sch; Raimundo, García M; José, San Martín P.

2010-04-01

63

Middle Ear Infection (Chronic Otitis Media) and Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... temporary or permanent hearing loss. How does otitis media affect a child?s hearing? All children with middle ear infection or ... their hearing for reasons other than chronic otitis media? Children can incur temporary hearing loss for other reasons ...

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Relation between Glaucoma and Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness throughout the world. Some studies have suggested a relationship between glaucoma and sensorineural hearing loss, while others have found no evidence of an association. We performed a study to determine whether there is a significant difference in hearing of patients with glaucoma and a match control population. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, from February, 2005 till April, 2006, 44 patients with glaucoma were studied. The age range was between 15 to 60 years. After taking a complete medical history, those suffering from presbycusis, history of exposure to ototoxic drugs and substances and history of ear surgery were excluded from the study. All of the patients were cases of open-angle glaucoma, and were surveyed separately for normal-pressure glaucoma. Then complete audiometric tests (PTA, SDS, SRT, Impedance were conducted for all of them, and the results compared with a control group. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the case group and control group in PTA, SDS, and SRT, except for Normal Tension Glaucoma (NTG. There wasn't any statistically significant difference between two groups with respect to age, gender, and history of diseases. In the NTG group, significant difference was seen only in high frequencies. Conclusion: As mentioned, there was a statistically significant difference between NTG group and control group. It is therefore recommended to conduct complete audiometric tests and histopathologic examinations in this group for early detection of hearing loss and application of rehabilitative measures.

A Mollasadeghi

2008-01-01

65

Noise Induced Hearing Loss: A Review  

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Full Text Available Noise induced hearing loss is one of most common hearing deficit which is almost completely preventable. The hearing loss incurred would depend on the sound qualities, duration of exposure and individual susceptibility and protection. Thereby it can be prevented as we have some set norms for the noise at work places and recreational activities. Once suspected, screening and preventive measures to prevent further progression is taken. There are legislative guidelines for noise at work places for the employers, preventive measures to be taken by employee and role of health professional in screening, assessing the hearing loss and accordingly advise for rehabilitative measures.

Akhil Sareen

2014-04-01

66

Hearing Loss Protection Using Vitamins  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Machine-made life along with the industrialization of the societies has caused the human to deal with a kind of stressful environment made up of aching sound and vibration sources. Noisiness has been one of the biggest problems of today’s world that the people are in danger of its painful effects. Auditory disorder is the most common reason for Adult Acquired Hearing Loss. As a result, protection against auditory disorders seems to be necessary. Method: In accordance with the importance of this idea, a number of researches in the field of nutrition which resulted in finding the relation between NIHL and vitamins have been carried out. Through the assessment the fact that vitamins can have both preventative and curing influence on NIHL has been evident. Furthermore, it has been discovered that the deficiency of above-mentioned instances can in a way increase the sensitivity of auditory system to noise. Result: There are various mechanisms for NIHL, and each vitamin in a way can go against the destructive affection of it (NIHL. For instance, vitamins A,C and E along with Magnesium can wipe out the free radicals produced by noise exposure. Making use of Antioxidants combinations like vitamin E can prevent auditory cells from death and Noise Induced Hearing Loss from coming about.Conclusion: Vitamin A deficiency increases the sensitivity of auditory system to noise and as a result increases the susceptibility to NIHL. Vitamin C by preventing DNA Oxidation and Lipid Peroxidation in Cochlea has preventive and therapeutic effects on NIHL. Vitamin B12, B6 Deficiency and Folic Acid by damaging Stereo Vascular increase the vulnerability to NIHl. The mechanism and how vitamins affect each of above-mentioned instances will be covered within the article in details.

Mojtaba Khazaee

2013-01-01

67

Sudden (reversible) sensorineural hearing loss in pregnancy.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Sudden hearing loss directly associated with pregnancy or birth is a little known and rare occurrence. The temporary, unilateral, low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss in this case was reported after the birth of the patient\\'s first child, and again during the third trimester of her second pregnancy.

Kenny, R

2011-03-01

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Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: etiopathogenic aspects.  

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Several factors have been postulated to elicit the etiology of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Through a bibliographic review, we made a critical analysis of the different etiopathogenic aspects of its clinical manifestation. The most recent studies concerning the possible causes of sudden hearing loss suggest vascular disorders, rupture of the inner ear membrane and autoimmune diseases; however, viral infections have received a great deal of attention in recent years. Little is known about the mechanism of sudden hearing loss. Viruses can cause sudden hearing loss in an acute infection, however the latent form, and its possible reactivation have also been considered as explanations of the cochlear injury mechanism. Even though hearing loss can be explained by a blood viscosity change, experimental and clinical studies do not show any evidence of labyrinthine fibrosis and new bone formation, or labyrinthine membrane breaks. These findings are not in agreement with vascular and rupture membrane factors, respectively. The eventual presence of antibodies against the inner ear suggests that sudden hearing loss pathogenesis may be of autoimmune nature, but the difficulty in establishing the correlation of its morphological and clinical aspects to the hearing loss also do not help to support this statement. Sudden hearing loss is still a controversial and obscure subject in several aspects. PMID:17143437

Lazarini, Paulo Roberto; Camargo, Ana Cristina Kfouri

2006-01-01

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Changes in auditory perceptions and cortex resulting from hearing recovery after extended congenital unilateral hearing loss  

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Full Text Available Monaural hearing induces auditory system reorganization. Imbalanced input also degrades time-intensity cues for sound localization and signal segregation for listening in noise. While there have been studies of bilateral auditory deprivation and later hearing restoration (e.g. cochlear implants, less is known about unilateral auditory deprivation and subsequent hearing improvement. We investigated effects of long-term congenital unilateral hearing loss on localization, speech understanding, and cortical organization following hearing recovery. Hearing in the congenitally affected ear of a 41 year old female improved significantly after stapedotomy and reconstruction. Pre-operative hearing threshold levels showed unilateral, mixed, moderately-severe to profound hearing loss. The contralateral ear had hearing threshold levels within normal limits. Testing was completed prior to, and three and nine months after surgery. Measurements were of sound localization with intensity-roved stimuli and speech recognition in various noise conditions. We also evoked magnetic resonance signals with monaural stimulation to the unaffected ear. Activation magnitudes were determined in core, belt, and parabelt auditory cortex regions via an interrupted single event design. Hearing improvement following 40 years of congenital unilateral hearing loss resulted in substantially improved sound localization and speech recognition in noise. Auditory cortex also reorganized. Contralateral auditory cortex responses were increased after hearing recovery and the extent of activated cortex was bilateral, including a greater portion of the posterior superior temporal plane. Thus, prolonged predominant monaural stimulation did not prevent auditory system changes consequent to restored binaural hearing. Results support future research of unilateral auditory deprivation effects and plasticity, with consideration for length of deprivation, age at hearing correction, degree and type of hearing loss.

JillBFirszt

2013-12-01

70

Evidence-Based Practices Are Not Reformulated Best Practices: A Response to Martindale's "Children with Significant Hearing Loss: Learning to Listen, Talk, and Read--Evidence-Based Best Practices"  

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"Communication Disorders Quarterly's" special series on evidence-based practices and, specifically, Martindale's article on evidence-based practices in learning to listen, talk, and read among children with significant hearing loss appear to confuse best practices with evidence-based practices and, perhaps more serious, offer little evidence for…

Schirmer, Barbara R.; Williams, Cheri

2008-01-01

71

Amplification Considerations for Children With Minimal or Mild Bilateral Hearing Loss and Unilateral Hearing Loss  

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Children with minimal or mild bilateral hearing loss and unilateral hearing loss are at higher risk for academic, speech-language, and social-emotional difficulties than their normal hearing peers. The choice to fit infants with moderate or greater degrees of bilateral hearing loss has been standard practice for most clinicians, but for those with minimal or mild bilateral hearing loss or unilateral hearing loss, the fitting of hearing technology must be based on limited data. Evidence does not yet exist to support all the management decisions that an audiologist must make upon identifying an infant with minimal or mild bilateral hearing loss or unilateral hearing loss. It is not yet known which children are at the greatest risk for educational problems nor is it known if the provision of early amplification in this population will help a child avoid later difficulties. Some of these considerations and current hearing technology options for children with minimal or mild bilateral hearing loss or unilateral hearing loss are reviewed in this article. PMID:18270178

McKay, Sarah; Gravel, Judith S.; Tharpe, Anne Marie

2008-01-01

72

The significance of a hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss: CT and MRI findings  

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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the significance of the hypoplastic canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and the relationship between the hypoplastic bony canal and aplasia or hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve. A retrospective review of high resolution temporal CT(HRCT) and MRI findings was conducted. The narrow bony canal of the cochlear nerve and the relative size of the internal auditory canal were correlated with the cochlear nerve deficiency on MRI. The comparative size of the component nerves (facial, cochlear, superior vestibular, inferior vestibular nerve), and the relative size of the internal auditory canal and the bony canal of the cochlear nerve were measured. The clinical history and the results of the clinical examination were reviewed for each patient. High resolution MRI showed aplasia of the common vestibulocochlear nerve in one patient and a deficiency of the cochlear nerve in 9 patients. These abnormalities occurred in association with a prominent narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and a stenosis of the internal auditory canal, which was observed on temporal bone CT in 9 patients with congenital SNHL. Three patients had normal IAC, despite the presence of a hypoplastic cochlear nerve on the side on which they had SNHL. In one patient, the narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and internal auditory canal were not found to be associated with acquired SNHL. The hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve might be more highly indicative of congenital cochlear nerve deficiency than that of the narrow internal auditory canal, and the position of the crista falciformis should also be carefully

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The significance of a hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss: CT and MRI findings  

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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the significance of the hypoplastic canal for the cochlear nerve in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and the relationship between the hypoplastic bony canal and aplasia or hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve. A retrospective review of high resolution temporal CT(HRCT) and MRI findings was conducted. The narrow bony canal of the cochlear nerve and the relative size of the internal auditory canal were correlated with the cochlear nerve deficiency on MRI. The comparative size of the component nerves (facial, cochlear, superior vestibular, inferior vestibular nerve), and the relative size of the internal auditory canal and the bony canal of the cochlear nerve were measured. The clinical history and the results of the clinical examination were reviewed for each patient. High resolution MRI showed aplasia of the common vestibulocochlear nerve in one patient and a deficiency of the cochlear nerve in 9 patients. These abnormalities occurred in association with a prominent narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and a stenosis of the internal auditory canal, which was observed on temporal bone CT in 9 patients with congenital SNHL. Three patients had normal IAC, despite the presence of a hypoplastic cochlear nerve on the side on which they had SNHL. In one patient, the narrowing of the canal for the cochlear nerve and internal auditory canal were not found to be associated with acquired SNHL. The hypoplastic bony canal for the cochlear nerve might be more highly indicative of congenital cochlear nerve deficiency than that of the narrow internal auditory canal, and the position of the crista falciformis should also be carefully.

Choi, Yoon Jung; Park, Sang Yoo; Kim, Myung Soon; Sung, Ki Jun [College of Medicine, Yonsei Univ., Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

2004-04-01

74

Contralateral hearing loss after acoustic neuroma surgery.  

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A 74-year-old man suffered contralateral hearing loss after left acoustic neuroma surgery. Steroid therapy was administered, but no improvement was observed. Contralateral hearing loss is an extremely rare and distressing complication that can occur following acoustic neuroma surgery. Although the mechanism of this rare phenomenon remains unclear, we speculate that in this patient the loss of cerebrospinal fluid or internal auditory artery thrombosis may be involved. PMID:24231558

Togashi, Shuntaro; Maruya, Jun; Nerome, Chihiro; Nishimaki, Keiichi; Kimura, Hiromoto; Minakawa, Takashi

2014-05-01

75

SELF REPORTED HEARING LOSS AMONG ELDERLY MALAYSIANS  

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Full Text Available A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients attending a primary care facility to determine the prevalence of self reported hearing loss using a single question, “Do you have hearing loss?” Pure tone audiometry was performed to compare the accuracy of the self report. A total of 111 patients were recruited. The prevalence of self reported hearing loss using a single question and pure tone audiometry was 24.3% and 36.9% respectively. By using pure tone audiometry at a cut-off-level of 25 dBHL (decibels Hearing level, the single question yielded a sensitivity of 41.4% and specificity of 85.0%. The single question performed better at 40 dBHL pure tone audiometry with sensitivity of 55.0% and specificity of 82.0%. In conclusion, the prevalence of hearing loss in elderly was high and the single question self reported hearing loss performed satisfactorily with moderate hearing loss.

MAJMIN SH

2010-01-01

76

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children  

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... noise exposure cause hearing loss? Very loud sounds damage the inner ear by damaging the hair cells of the cochlea. ... daily noise exposures high enough to cause hearing damage. Further research ... to music through earphones on MP3 players, almost half used high-volume ...

77

10 Ways to Identify Hearing Loss  

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... Issues 10 Ways to Identify Hearing Loss Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of this page please turn Javascript on. Photo: Stockbyte For more information about your hearing health, contact the NIDCD Information Clearinghouse: Voice: (800) 241-1044 ...

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Coping with Hearing Loss and High School  

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High school can be a bumpy road for teenagers, especially since most teenagers are trying to fit in and start to define their own individuality and future. Now imagine if a teenager has hearing loss. Besides not being able to hear their instructors or friends as well as their classmates, self image problems can be magnified if they need to wear…

Exceptional Parent, 2010

2010-01-01

79

Mitral Stenosis Presenting with Acute Hearing Loss  

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A 47-year old woman presented with acute hearing loss, followed by dyspnea and then reduced consciousness and a hemiparesis. Investigations led to a diagnosis of cardiac emboli related to rheumatic mitral stenosis.

Gur, Chamutal; Lalazar, Gadi; Raphaeli, Guy; Gilon, Dan; Ben-chetrit, Eldad

2006-01-01

80

Gd enhanced MRI in sensorineural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The enhanced MRI hearing findings of the inner ear in 124 patients with sensorineural hearing loss were evaluated. MR images were obtained before and after the intravenous administration of gadolinium (0.1 mmol/kg). In three out of seventy-nine patients with unilateral healing loss, cochlear and/or the vestibular enhancement was noted on the symptomatic side. The positive cases included those with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, mumps and so-called sudden deafness. Forty-five patients with bilateral hearing loss showed no enhancement within the inner ear. Although positive gadolinium enhancement of the inner ear may detect inflammatory lesions due to a viral infection, its incidence in sensorineural hearing loss, including cases of sudden deafness. seems to be extremely rare. (author)

 
 
 
 
81

Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Chronic Otitis Media  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Conductive hearing loss due to chronic otitis media (COM can be treated by surgery. COM, however, may be associated with functional damage to the inner ear. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL due to COM has been found to be significant by some authors, whereas it has been considered negligible by others. The present study aimed to answer the question; Does COM cause SNHL ? Methods: 120 patients with unilateral COM admitted for tympano-mastoidectomy were selected for this observational case-control study. Air conduction threshold (ACT and bone conduction threshold (BCT averages were calculated at the speech frequencies (500, 1000, 2000Hz and 4 KHz, in affected (case ear and non affected (control ear and then entered in the questionnaire along with intraoperative findings. Multiple statistical tests were used to clarify the relationships between SNHL and COM. Results: COM was seen to be associated with SNHL. The Threshold shift was more accentuated at 4 KHz in older patients. SNHL at 4 KHz seemed to be higher than that at the speech frequencies. There was a significant positive relationship between the elevated BCT and duration of COM. The relationship between elevated BCT and cholesteatoma was also significant. Conclusion: The inner ear is vulnerable to COM. The proximity of the sensory cells to the potential source of harm (inflamed middle ear may mean higher exposure, as reflected by the fact that sensory cells processing high frequencies are more seriously damaged. SNHL in affected ear is strongly dependant on duration of disease.

R Jafari

2008-01-01

82

[Sensorineural hearing loss due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the sensorineural hearing loss is presented as a possible sequelae of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. In our program of early hipoacusia detection, 241 babies were examined from January 1996 until November 1999; 7 cases had a history of hyperbilirubinemia in the neonatal period and 2 of them were diagnosed of sensorineural hearing loss. We discuss how the bilirubin or any other associated factor might have been the cause and this could explain the selective affectation of some children. PMID:14567073

Clarós, P; Turcanu, D; Caballero, M; Costa, C; Clavería, M A; Clarós, A; Clarós, A

2003-01-01

83

Assessment of Hearing Loss by OAE in Asphyxiated Newborns  

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Background: Severe birth asphyxia (apgar < 7 at the 5th minute of birth) is recognized as a hearing loss risk factor by the joint committee on infant hearing (JCIH). About half of the newborns with hearing loss do not indicate any sign and risk factor at birth. Accordingly, the joint committee recommended performance of hearing screening test in 2000, especially for babies born with risk factors. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate hearing loss in asphyxiated neonates. Early diagnosis would result in early treatment of these newborns. Patients and Methods: We assessed the relationship between asphyxia and hearing impairment in newborns admitted to a referral hospital, Tehran, Iran within 3 years (2003 - 2006). Hearing problems were diagnosed and followed by otoacoustic emission (OAE) in the third and fifth days of birth. Asphyxiated neonates with abnormal OAE were referred to an ENT specialist; second OAE and tympanometry were carried out after 2 weeks. Based on the results, newborns underwent treatment or were discharged. Results: Of 149 asphyxiated neonates, 80 had mean first minute apgar score of 4.01, and mean 5th minute score was 7.24. Two percent (3/149) of asphyxiated neonates had abnormal OAEs. No statistical correlation was found between the 5th minute apgar score and abnormal OAE (P value = 0.391). However, a significant relationship between the mean birth weight and abnormal OAE (P value = 0.0406) was found. Conclusions: It seems that birth asphyxia is not correlated with hearing loss. PMID:24719713

Amini, Elaheh; Kasheh Farahani, Zahra; Rafiee Samani, Mehdi; Hamedi, Hamed; Zamani, Ali; Karimi Yazdi, Alireza; Nayeri, Fatemeh; Nili, Firoozeh; Rezaeizadeh, Golnaz

2014-01-01

84

Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children  

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... for your child, and being aware of your child's listening environment will help. Below are some specific ideas: Be ... ear (BTE) type of hearing aid. When a child's ear canal growth slows (at approximately 12 years of age), he ...

85

Reading skills of hearing and moderately severe hearing loss children in ordinary schools  

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Full Text Available   Background and Aim: Hearing impairment in critical period of speech and language development is caused defects in oral and written language. The aim of this study is to use a test for comparing the reading skills of elementary fifth grade hearing and moderately severe hearing loss students in public schools. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 10 hearing impaired children selected from the total number of fifth grade moderately severe hearing loss students' community (public schools based on the inclusion criteria and compared with 10 hearing children that were matched according to grade, as a control group. In order to gather the data, reading and writing tests for school students was used. Data analysis was done through SPSS-16. Results: The findings indicated that hearing impaired children on auditory discrimination skills (P=0.001, word auditory memory (P=0.034 sentence auditory memory (P<0.001, phonological blending (P=0.034, phonological segmentation (P=0.012 and text reading comprehension (P=0.044 were significantly weaker than the control group, but they had similar function in other skills. Conclusion: Children with hearing impairment have the same function in tasks based on visual processing to normal children, whereas, in tasks based on auditory and phonological processing are weaker than them. Keywords: Reading skills, Hearing loss children, Public schools

Mohammad Rezaei

2013-06-01

86

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

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Full Text Available ... Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Note: ... Vision Loss Video (Quicktime) Transcript of Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Video ...

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Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

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Full Text Available ... Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Note: This ... Loss Video (Quicktime) Transcript of Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome Video NARRATOR ...

88

Correlating the site of tympanic membrane perforation with Hearing loss  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is recognized that the size of tympanic membrane(TM perforation is proportional to the magnitude of hearing loss, however, there is no clear consensus on the effect of the location (site of the perforation on the hearing loss. Hence the study is set to investigate the relationship between the location of perforation on TM and hearing loss. Methods A cross-sectional prospective study of consecutive adult patients with perforated TM conducted in the ENT clinic of University College Hospital Ibadan between January 1st 2005 and July 31st 2006. Instruments used for data collection/processing include questionnaires, video and micro-otoscopy, Pure tone audiometer, image J and SPSS packages. Results Sixty-two patients (22-males, 40-females, aged 16–75 years (mean = 35.4 +/- 4 with 77 perforated ear drums were studied and 15(24.2% had bilateral TM perforations, 21 (33.9% right unilateral and 26(41.9% left unilateral. The locations of the TM perforations were 60(77.9% central, 6(9.6% antero-inferior, 4(5.2% postero-inferior, 4(5.2% antero-superior and 3(3.9% postero-superior respectively with sizes ranging from 1.51%–89.05%, and corresponding hearing levels 30 dB – 80 dB (59% conductive and 41% mixed. Fifty-nine percent had pure conductive hearing loss and the rest mixed. Hearing losses (dBHL increased with the size of perforations (P = 0.01, r = 0.05. Correlation of location of perforations with magnitude of hearing loss in acute TM perorations was (P = 0.244, r = 0.273 and for chronic perforations (p = 0.047 & r = 0.31. Conclusion The location of perforation on the tympanic membrane (TM has no effect on the magnitude of hearing loss in acute TM perforations while it is significant in chronic ones.

Ijaduola Taiwo G

2009-01-01

89

Hearing loss in a mouse model of Muenke syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

The heterozygous Pro250Arg substitution mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3), which increases ligand-dependent signalling, is the most common genetic cause of craniosynostosis in humans and defines Muenke syndrome. Since FGF signalling plays dosage-sensitive roles in the differentiation of the auditory sensory epithelium, we evaluated hearing in a large group of Muenke syndrome subjects, as well as in the corresponding mouse model (Fgfr3(P244R)). The Muenke syndrome cohort showed significant, but incompletely penetrant, predominantly low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, and the Fgfr3(P244R) mice showed dominant, fully penetrant hearing loss that was more severe than that in Muenke syndrome individuals, but had the same pattern of relative high-frequency sparing. The mouse hearing loss correlated with an alteration in the fate of supporting cells (Deiters'-to-pillar cells) along the entire length of the cochlear duct, with the most extreme abnormalities found at the apical or low-frequency end. In addition, there was excess outer hair cell development in the apical region. We conclude that low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss is a characteristic feature of Muenke syndrome and that the genetically equivalent mouse provides an excellent model that could be useful in testing hearing loss therapies aimed at manipulating the levels of FGF signalling in the inner ear. PMID:18818193

Mansour, Suzanne L; Twigg, Stephen R F; Freeland, Rowena M; Wall, Steven A; Li, Chaoying; Wilkie, Andrew O M

2009-01-01

90

Comparison of Working Memory in Hearing Loss and Normal Children  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing loss children may have problems in auditory-verbal memory due to impaired auditory input, but likely they have no deficit in visual-verbal memory because of intact visual input. In this study auditory-verbal and visual-verbal memory of sever to moderate (56-70 dB hearing loss students in special schools compared with normal group.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, hearing loss and normal children compared by means of working memory subtest of "reading and writing in elementary school students test".Results: The findings indicated that hearing impaired children on sound, word and sentence auditory-verbal memory were significantly weaker than the control group, but they had similar function in sound (reverse auditory-verbal memory skill with their. Normal and hearing impaired group have similar performance in letter and picture visual-verbal memory.Conclusion: According to the results seems hearing impairment is the cause of poor performance in auditory working memory. Also children with hearing impairment have the same function in tasks based on visual processing to normal children, whereas, in tasks based on auditory processing are weaker than them.

Gohar Lotfi

2012-12-01

91

Effects of shift work on noise-induced hearing loss.  

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Evidence has accumulated concerning the adverse effects of noise on hearing acuity, but it is not clear whether working shifts may decelerate the effects of hearing loss. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of shift work on hearing loss in a noisy work environment. A sample of 218 male workers recruited at a semiconductor factory with no known occupational hazards that affected hearing acuity other than noise was chosen. The subjects worked either in an eight-hour or 12-hour shift. A standardized audiometric procedure was performed by a qualified audiologist to measure pure-tone hearing thresholds at 0.5 kHz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz, 3 kHz, 4 kHz, 6 kHz and 8 kHz in both ears. Using multiple linear regression adjusted for age, smoking habits, and work duration, the results showed that the severity of hearing loss in both ears was significantly lower in subjects who worked a 12-hour shift. In conclusion, working a 12-hour shift followed by a day off is best for workers and hearing protection should be provided in high noise areas. PMID:19805926

Chou, Yu-Fung; Lai, Jim-Shoung; Kuo, Hsien-Wen

2009-01-01

92

Hearing loss in the elderly: History of occupational noise exposure  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Noise exposure is one of the most common health risk factors, and workers are exposed to sound pressure levels capable of producing hearing loss. Aim: To assess the prevalence of hearing loss in the elderly and its possible association with a history of occupational noise exposure and with sex. Methods: A prospective study in subjects aged over 60 years. The subjects underwent anamnesis and audiological assessment. The Mann-Whitney test and multiple logistic regression, with 95% confidence interval and p < 0.05, were used for statistical analysis. Results: There were 498 subjects from both sexes, and the median age was 69 years. From the comparison between men and women, we obtained the medium hearing I (500, 1000, and 2000 Hz p = 0.8318 and the mean hearing II (3000, 4000, and 6000 Hz; p < 0.0001. Comparing the thresholds of individuals with and without a history of occupational noise exposure, we obtained the medium hearing I (p = 0.9542 and the mean hearing II (p = 0.0007. Conclusion: There was a statistically significant association between hearing loss at high frequencies and the risk factors being male and occupational noise exposure.

Meneses-Barriviera, Caroline Luiz

2013-04-01

93

Low dose combination steroids control autoimmune mouse hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

The severe side effects of glucocorticoids prevent long term management of hearing loss. Alternative steroid treatments that minimize or eliminate these effects would significantly benefit therapeutic control of hearing disorders. A steroid treatment study of autoimmune mouse hearing loss was conducted to determine the efficacy of combining aldosterone and prednisolone at low doses. An assessment also was made of low dose fludrocortisone, a synthetic mineralocorticoid that also has a slight glucocorticoid effect. MRL/MpJ-Fas(lpr) mice were tested for baseline ABR thresholds at 3 months of age and then treated with aldosterone (3.0 ?g/kg) or prednisolone (1.0 mg/kg) to determine the lowest effective dose of each. Other mice were given the two steroids in combination at doses of Pred 0.5 mg+Aldo 1.5 ?g; Pred 1.0 mg+Aldo 3.0 ?g; or Pred 1.5 mg+Aldo 5.0 ?g. Mice were retested with ABR at 1 and 2 months to determine the efficacy of the different steroid treatments in controlling hearing loss. Another series of mice were given the synthetic mineralocorticoid fludrocortisone at low (2.8 ?g/kg) or high (10 ?g/kg) doses and retested at monthly intervals for 3 months. Autoimmune mouse hearing loss developed in untreated controls. This threshold elevation was not prevented by prednisolone at 1 mg/kg or by aldosterone at 3 ?g/kg when each was given alone. However, the two steroids combined at these doses effectively controlled hearing loss. The fludrocortisone treatments also were effective at low doses in preventing or reversing the autoimmune mouse hearing loss. This efficacy of combined steroids at low doses suggests the potential for reducing the side effects of glucocorticoids in the therapeutic control of hearing disorders. PMID:20800906

Trune, Dennis R; Kempton, J Beth

2010-12-15

94

Classification and hearing evolution of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to analyze clinical aspects, hearing evolution and efficacy of clinical treatment of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). This was a prospective clinical study of 136 consecutive patients with SSNHL divided into three groups after diagnostic evaluation: [...] patients with defined etiology (DE, N = 13, 10%), concurrent diseases (CD, N = 63, 46.04%) and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL, N = 60, 43.9%). Initial treatment consisted of prednisone and pentoxifylline. Clinical aspects and hearing evolution for up to 6 months were evaluated. Group CD comprised 73% of patients with metabolic decompensation in the initial evaluation and was significantly older (53.80 years) than groups DE (41.93 years) and ISSHL (39.13 years). Comparison of the mean initial and final hearing loss of the three groups revealed a significant hearing improvement for group CD (P = 0.001) and group ISSHL (P = 0.001). Group DE did not present a significant difference in thresholds. The clinical classification for SSNHL allows the identification of significant differences regarding age, initial and final hearing impairment and likelihood of response to therapy. Elevated age and presence of coexisting disease were associated with a greater initial hearing impact and poorer hearing recovery after 6 months. Patients with defined etiology presented a much more limited response to therapy. The occurrence of decompensated metabolic and cardiovascular diseases and the possibility of first manifestation of auto-immune disease and cerebello-pontine angle tumors justify an adequate protocol for investigation of SSNHL.

N.O., Penido; O.L.M., Cruz; A., Zanoni; D.P., Inoue.

95

Classification and hearing evolution of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyze clinical aspects, hearing evolution and efficacy of clinical treatment of patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL. This was a prospective clinical study of 136 consecutive patients with SSNHL divided into three groups after diagnostic evaluation: patients with defined etiology (DE, N = 13, 10%, concurrent diseases (CD, N = 63, 46.04% and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL, N = 60, 43.9%. Initial treatment consisted of prednisone and pentoxifylline. Clinical aspects and hearing evolution for up to 6 months were evaluated. Group CD comprised 73% of patients with metabolic decompensation in the initial evaluation and was significantly older (53.80 years than groups DE (41.93 years and ISSHL (39.13 years. Comparison of the mean initial and final hearing loss of the three groups revealed a significant hearing improvement for group CD (P = 0.001 and group ISSHL (P = 0.001. Group DE did not present a significant difference in thresholds. The clinical classification for SSNHL allows the identification of significant differences regarding age, initial and final hearing impairment and likelihood of response to therapy. Elevated age and presence of coexisting disease were associated with a greater initial hearing impact and poorer hearing recovery after 6 months. Patients with defined etiology presented a much more limited response to therapy. The occurrence of decompensated metabolic and cardiovascular diseases and the possibility of first manifestation of auto-immune disease and cerebello-pontine angle tumors justify an adequate protocol for investigation of SSNHL.

N.O. Penido

2009-08-01

96

Sensorineural hearing loss in patients with coronary artery bypass surgery  

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Background: This study is planned to obtain a better understanding of the correlation between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and cardiopulmonary bypass. There are many causes for sudden hearing loss which include infectious, circulatory, inner ear problems like meniere's disease, neoplastic, traumatic, metabolic, neurologic, immunologic, toxic, cochlear, idiopathic (unknown cause) and other causes. One of the less common cause is surgery include cardiopulmonary bypass procedures. Materials and Methods: This study is a self controlled clinical trial on 105 patients that was carried out in chamran Hospital, Esfahan, Iran. Participants were including all those patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in the hospital who fell under the criteria for inclusion. Patients underwent audiometric testing at our hospital on three or two different occasions during the course of this study, Initially before the procedure to test the baseline hearing capacity; then two week after the procedure to assess any changes in hearing ability following the surgery. Data analysis performed by co-variance analysis. Results: In our study the changes in the threshold of hearing in frequency of 1000 in right ear and in frequencies of 2000 and 4000 in left ear were significant, but this changes were about 2-3 db and were not noticeable. The difference in degree of SNHL, before and after surgery in different frequencies were been shown. Conclusion: As loss of the patients with symptomatic sensory neural hearing loss in this study, It isn't commanded the routin auditory assessment pre and post surgery was been done. PMID:23930250

Sadeghi, Mohsen Mirmohammad; Radman, Masoud; Bidaki, Reza; Sonbolestan, Mehdi

2013-01-01

97

Prevalence of unilateral hearing loss among kindergarteners aged 3-6 years in Hamadan city, 2012  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Unilateral hearing loss has devastating effects on sound localization, speech understanding in adverse listening conditions, academic achievement, behavior and learning of Hearing impaired children. Early detection and intervention with regard to the issues of unilateral hearing loss is important in young children. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of unilateral hearing loss among kindergarteners aged 3-6 years in Hamadan city, 2012.Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 345 subjects (185 female, 160 male were selected through random sampling. Play Audiometry test was used to determine the hearing threshold.Results: The results indicated that from the sum of 690 ears, 30(4.3%, had unilateral hearing loss; 26 (3.8% with conductive hearing loss, 3 (0.4% with sensorineural hearing loss and one (0.1% with mixed hearing loss. No significant differences were observed between paired ears, genders and different ages.Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of unilateral hearing loss was high (4.3%, 3.8% is conductive hearing loss accruing least one during childs language learning. Given the high prevalence of unilateral hearing loss in children 3-6 years of age, and the importance of this period in speech, language and learning development, early diagnosis and intervention is essential.

Atta Heidari

2012-12-01

98

Automated Screening for High-Frequency Hearing Loss  

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Objective: Hearing loss at high frequencies produces perceptual difficulties and is often an early sign of a more general hearing loss. This study reports the development and validation of two new speech-based hearing screening tests in English that focus on detecting hearing loss at frequencies above 2000 Hz. Design: The Internet-delivered, speech-in noise tests used closed target-word sets of digit triplets or consonant–vowel–consonant (CVC) words presented against a speech-shaped noise masker. The digit triplet test uses the digits 0 to 9 (excluding the disyllabic 7), grouped in quasi-random triplets. The CVC test uses simple words (e.g., “cat”) selected for the high-frequency spectral content of the consonants. During testing, triplets or CVC words were identified in an adaptive procedure to obtain the speech reception threshold (SRT) in noise. For these new, high-frequency (HF) tests, the noise was low-pass filtered to produce greater masking of the low-frequency speech components, increasing the sensitivity of the test for HF hearing loss. Individual test tokens (digits, CVCs) were first homogenized using a group of 10 normal-hearing (NH) listeners by equalizing intelligibility across tokens at several speech-in-noise levels. Both tests were then validated and standardized using groups of 24 NH listeners and 50 listeners with hearing impairment. Performance on the new high frequency digit triplet (HF-triplet) and CVC (HF-CVC) tests was compared with audiometric hearing loss, and with that on the unfiltered, broadband digit triplet test (BB-triplet) test, and the ASL (Adaptive Sentence Lists) speech-in-noise test. Results: The HF-triplet and HF-CVC test results (SRT) both correlated positively and highly with high-frequency audiometric hearing loss and with the ASL test. SRT for both tests as a function of high-frequency hearing loss increased at nearly three times the rate as that of the BB-triplet test. The intraindividual variability (SD) on the tests was about 2.1 (HF-triplet) and 1.7 (HF-CVC) times less than that for the BB-triplet test. The effect on the HF-triplet test of varying presentation method (professional or cheap headphones and loudspeakers) was small for the NH group and somewhat larger, but nonsignificant for the hearing-impaired group. Test repetition produced a moderate, significant learning effect for the first and second retests, but was small and nonsignificant for further retesting. The learning effect was about two times larger for the HF-CVC test than for the HF-triplet test. The sensitivity of both new tests for high-frequency hearing loss was similar, with an 87% true-positive and 7% false-positive ratio for detecting an average high-frequency hearing loss of 20 dB or more. Conclusions: The new HF-triplet and HF-CVC tests provide a sensitive and accurate method for detecting high-frequency hearing loss. The tests may signal developing hearing impairment at an early stage. The HF-triplet is preferred over the HF-CVC test because of its smaller learning effect, smaller error rate, greater simplicity, and lower cultural dependency. PMID:25127323

MacKinnon, Robert C.; Jansen, Marije; Moore, David R.

2014-01-01

99

'Ecstasy' enhances noise-induced hearing loss.  

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'Ecstasy' or 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) is an amphetamine abused for its euphoric, empathogenic, hallucinatory, and stimulant effects. It is also used to treat certain psychiatric disorders. Common settings for Ecstasy use are nightclubs and "rave" parties where participants consume MDMA and dance to loud music. One concern with the club setting is that exposure to loud sounds can cause permanent sensorineural hearing loss. Another concern is that consumption of MDMA may enhance such hearing loss. Whereas this latter possibility has not been investigated, this study tested the hypothesis that MDMA enhances noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) by exposing rats to either MDMA, noise trauma, both MDMA and noise, or neither treatment. MDMA was given in a binge pattern of 5 mg/kg per intraperitoneal injections every 2 h for a total of four injections to animals in the two MDMA-treated groups (MDMA-only and Noise + MDMA). Saline injections were given to the animals in the two non-MDMA groups (Control and Noise-only). Following the final injection, noise trauma was induced by a 10 kHz tone at 120 dB SPL for 1 h to animals in the two noise trauma-treated groups (Noise-only and Noise + MDMA). Hearing loss was assessed by the auditory brainstem response (ABR) and cochlear histology. Results showed that MDMA enhanced NIHL compared to Noise-only and that MDMA alone caused no hearing loss. This implies that "clubbers" and "rave-goers" are exacerbating the amount of NIHL when they consume MDMA and listen to loud sounds. In contrast to earlier reports, the present study found that MDMA by itself caused no changes in the click-evoked ABR's wave latencies or amplitudes. PMID:23711768

Church, Michael W; Zhang, Jinsheng S; Langford, Megan M; Perrine, Shane A

2013-08-01

100

Hearing Loss: Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor  

Science.gov (United States)

... us Hearing Loss Questions to Discuss with Your Doctor: Is your hearing loss on one side or ... the past? Are you taking any medications? Your Doctor Might Examine the Following Body Structures or Functions: ...

 
 
 
 
101

Noise and Hearing Loss Prevention: Facts and Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

... the recommended amount of exposure time. Facts and Statistics Four million workers go to work each day ... Hearing Loss DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2010-136 Statistics on hearing loss in the manufacturing industry. Surveys ...

102

Mobile phone induced sensorineural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The increased use of mobile phones worldwide has focused interest on the biological effects and possible health outcomes of exposure to radiofrequency fields from mobile phones, and their base stations. Various reports suggest that mobile phone use can cause health problems like fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbances, however, only limited research data is available in medical literature regarding interaction between electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones and auditory function and the possible impact on hearing. We report a case of sensorineural hearing loss due to Global System for Mobile Communication mobile phone use in a 42-year-old male. (author)

103

Mobile phone induced sensorineural hearing loss.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

The increased use of mobile phones worldwide has focused interest on the biological effects and possible health outcomes of exposure to radiofrequency fields from mobile phones, and their base stations. Various reports suggest that mobile phone use can cause health problems like fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension, and sleep disturbances; however, only limited research data is available in medical literature regarding interaction between electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones and auditory function; and the possible impact on hearing. We report a case of sensorineural hearing loss due to Global System for Mobile Communications mobile phone use, in a 42-year-old male.

Surayie H. Al-Dousary

2007-08-01

104

[Effect of noise and other factors damaging to hearing on hearing loss].  

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The goal of the present paper was to investigate the relationship between hearing loss and noise exposure. Moreover, the author also examined the question whether damaging factors detected in the case history (hereditary susceptibility, toxic and infectious-toxic factors, cerebral and acoustic trauma, war, tinnitus) and working conditions (ototoxic industrial substances, shift work, hearing protection) affect hearing loss in any way. A tone and speech audiogram of 1020 persons exposed to industrial noise in a power station and non-exposed persons was evaluated for this purpose. In addition to exposure at the respective place of work, the sound intensity and total period of employment were also taken into consideration. The noise exposure of the persons working in industrial noise exceeded the limits of hearing damage, although it generally amounted to levels of less than 95 dB (A). Hearing loss in persons exposed to industrial noise increases as the noise level increases. In the intensities we examined, however, the level of sound appears to be less decisive in its effect than generally assumed. The effect of time on the threshold of hearing, on the other hand, is of importance at evaluation levels of less than 90 dB (A). In addition to age and occupational noise exposure, the following factors are significantly correlated to the threshold of hearing: hereditary susceptibility, traumata, war, tinnitus and shift work. On the whole, the factors and working conditions recorded in the case history have a considerable effect on hearing loss and are approximately equivalent to the noise at sound levels up to about 90 dB (A). PMID:6700339

Irion, H

1984-02-01

105

Could hearing loss be the link between diabetes and depression?  

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Hearing loss is isolating and embarrassing and can cause or exacerbate depression. This article advocates that diabetes educators receive training from an audiologist so that they can screen for hearing loss in people with diabetes and refer individuals with suspected hearing loss to audiologists for treatment. PMID:22416526

Dowd, Kathryn R

2011-01-01

106

Noise Induced Hearing Loss of Forest Workers in Turkey  

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Full Text Available In this study, a total number of 114 workers who were in 3 different groups in terms of age and work underwent audiometric analysis. In order to determine whether there was a statistically significant difference between the hearing loss levels of the workers who were included in the study, variance analysis was applied with the help of the data obtained as a result of the evaluation. Correlation and regression analysis were applied in order to determine the relations between hearing loss and their age and their time of work. As a result of the variance analysis, statistically significant differences were found at 500, 2000 and 4000 Hz frequencies. The most specific difference was observed among chainsaw machine operators at 4000 Hz frequency, which was determined by the variance analysis. As a result of the correlation analysis, significant relations were found between time of work and hearing loss in 0.01 confidence level and between age and hearing loss in 0.05 confidence level. Forest workers using chainsaw machines should be informed, they should wear or use protective materials and less noising chainsaw machines should be used if possible and workers should undergo audiometric tests when they start work and once a year.

M. Tunay

2008-01-01

107

Hearing Loss Due to Familial Hypercholesterolemia and Statin Treatment  

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It has been suggested that high cholesterol levels might have adverse effects on hearing and interest- ingly statins may have beneficial effects on hearing loss. Herein, we share a dramatic improvement in acute hearing loss by statin administration in a young patient with familial hypercholesterolemia. To our knowledge this is the first report indicating the possible role of statins in patients suffering from sudden hearing loss in the context of familial hypercholesterolemia. Although the st...

Muhammed Oylumlu; Faris Mahmode Lolan; Suleyman Ercan; Gokhan Altunbas; Zeynel Karatas; Vedat Davutoglu

2013-01-01

108

Urografin in the Treatment of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available The present study was conducted to find out whether combined treatment of intravenous urografin and corticosteroid has a therapeutic advantage over oral corticosteroid therapy in the treatment of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL. The design of the study was an interventional and controlled clinical trial. Between 2003 and 2005, patients with SSNHL were treated in our center in Tabriz, Iran. Patients were selected if they had a hearing loss of at least 30 dB in at least 3 frequencies on audiometric testing. Audiograms were performed before admission, 1 and 2 weeks and 1 and 2 months after treatment. Patients who were put on bed rest and received intravenous urografin and hydrocortisone were compared with outpatients treated with oral steroid alone. Various descriptive analytical calculations and both Chi-square and t-test were used to analyze the data. Sixty patients were included in this study. Fifty-one patients referred to the otological clinics for the appropriate treatment within the first two weeks after the onset of hearing loss. The overall improvement of both groups was 53.3%. Seventeen (56.6% of 30 patients treated in the inpatient group who received intravenous urografin and intravenous corticosteroid had hearing improvement, while half of the outpatient group received oral corticosteroid responded positively to the treatment (p>0.05. This study revealed no significant difference in hearing improvement between the hospitalized patients who received intravenous urografin and corticosteroid and the patients who received oral corticosteroid alone.

Javad S. Totonchi

2008-01-01

109

[Nonorganic (functional) hearing loss in children].  

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Nonorganic (functional) hearing loss in children is characterized by hearing loss without a detectable corresponding pathology in the auditory system. It is not an uncommon disease in childhood. Typically, there is a discrepancy between elevated pure tone thresholds and normal speech discrimination in everyday life. We evaluated 85 original publications, 27 reviews and 4 textbook articles. Mean age at diagnosis was 11.3 years. Girls were affected twice as often as boys. Patient histories showed a high prevalence of emotional and school problems. Pre-existing organic hearing loss can be worsened by nonorganic causes. A brainstem audiometry should confirm the diagnosis. The differential diagnosis includes auditory processing disorder, elevated thresholds in mental retardation and auditory neuropathy. We recommend taking a personal history including biographical factors, a psychological assessment including intelligence testing and referral to a child psychiatrist. Prognosis seems to be dependent on the severity of the patient's school and/or personal problems. Categorization following the Austen-Lynch model can be a valuable prognostic factor. PMID:22534679

Schmidt, C-M; Am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, A; Deuster, D

2013-02-01

110

Weather conditions and sudden sensorineural hearing loss  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Climatic or meteorological condition changes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (ISSHL. We investigated the seasonal distribution of ISSHL and evaluated the influence of meteorological parameters (such as temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure, their variation and covariation on the incidence of the disease. Methods A total of 82 cases of ISSHL, admitted to our department over a five-year period, were enrolled in the study. Seasonal distribution of the disease was investigated by dividing the year in four seasons. Meteorological data included daily values of 13 distinct parameters recorded at the meteorological station of the University of Ioannina during this period. A relationship between each meteorological variable and the incidence of ISSHL was investigated by applying (?2 test on data from 13 contingency tables as well as by using logistic regression and t-test approaches. In addition, the influence of different weather types on the incidence of ISSHL was investigated using Cluster Analysis in order to create eight clusters (weather types characteristic for the prefecture of Ioannina. Results The results of the study could not indicate any seasonal distribution of the disease. The incidence of ISSHL could not be significantly correlated either to any distinct meteorological parameter or to any specific weather type. Conclusions Meteorological conditions, such as those dominating in the Northwestern Greece, and/or their changes, have no proven effect on the incidence of ISSHL.

Kateri Maria

2002-07-01

111

Factors associated with hearing loss in a normal-hearing guinea pig model of hybrid cochlear implants.  

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The Hybrid cochlear implant (CI), also known as Electro-Acoustic Stimulation (EAS), is a new type of CI that preserves residual acoustic hearing and enables combined cochlear implant and hearing aid use in the same ear. However, 30-55% of patients experience acoustic hearing loss within days to months after activation, suggesting that both surgical trauma and electrical stimulation may cause hearing loss. The goals of this study were to: 1) determine the contributions of both implantation surgery and EAS to hearing loss in a normal-hearing guinea pig model; 2) determine which cochlear structural changes are associated with hearing loss after surgery and EAS. Two groups of animals were implanted (n = 6 per group), with one group receiving chronic acoustic and electric stimulation for 10 weeks, and the other group receiving no direct acoustic or electric stimulation during this time frame. A third group (n = 6) was not implanted, but received chronic acoustic stimulation. Auditory brainstem response thresholds were followed over time at 1, 2, 6, and 16 kHz. At the end of the study, the following cochlear measures were quantified: hair cells, spiral ganglion neuron density, fibrous tissue density, and stria vascularis blood vessel density; the presence or absence of ossification around the electrode entry was also noted. After surgery, implanted animals experienced a range of 0-55 dB of threshold shifts in the vicinity of the electrode at 6 and 16 kHz. The degree of hearing loss was significantly correlated with reduced stria vascularis vessel density and with the presence of ossification, but not with hair cell counts, spiral ganglion neuron density, or fibrosis area. After 10 weeks of stimulation, 67% of implanted, stimulated animals had more than 10 dB of additional threshold shift at 1 kHz, compared to 17% of implanted, non-stimulated animals and 0% of non-implanted animals. This 1-kHz hearing loss was not associated with changes in any of the cochlear measures quantified in this study. The variation in hearing loss after surgery and electrical stimulation in this animal model is consistent with the variation in human patients. Further, these findings illustrate an advantage of a normal-hearing animal model for quantification of hearing loss and damage to cochlear structures without the confounding effects of chemical- or noise-induced hearing loss. Finally, this study is the first to suggest a role of the stria vascularis and damage to the lateral wall in implantation-induced hearing loss. Further work is needed to determine the mechanisms of implantation- and electrical-stimulation-induced hearing loss. PMID:25128626

Tanaka, Chiemi; Nguyen-Huynh, Anh; Loera, Katherine; Stark, Gemaine; Reiss, Lina

2014-10-01

112

Vision loss and hearing loss in painting and musical composition.  

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This article considers the impact of vision and hearing loss on great painters and musical composers. The visual work of Mary Cassatt, Georgia O'Keeffe, Edgar Degas, and Claude Monet all showed alterations as their vision failed. In contrast, Gabriel Fauré, Bed?ich Smetana, and Ludwig von Beethoven wrote many of their best compositions while totally deaf, and Georg Friedrich Handel and Frederick Delius struggled to compose late in life when they lost their vision (although their hearing remained excellent). There are 2 major distinctions between the role of vision and hearing for these artistic disciplines. First, there is a surrogate means of "hearing" music, through the musical score, which allows composers to write and edit music while totally deaf. The greatest problem with deafness for a skilled composer is interference from internal noise (tinnitus). There is no surrogate for vision to allow a painter to work when the subject is a blur or the colors on the canvas cannot be distinguished. Second, although the appreciation of art is visual and that of music is auditory, the transcription of both art and musical composition is visual. Thus, visual loss does pose a problem for a composer accustomed to working with good sight, because it disrupts habitual methods of writing and editing music. PMID:24565744

Marmor, Michael F

2014-07-01

113

76 FR 62093 - Preventing Occupational Hearing Loss: Stakeholder Meeting  

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...Preventing Occupational Hearing Loss: Stakeholder Meeting AGENCY: Occupational Safety...parties to participate in an informal stakeholder meeting on preventing occupational hearing...engineering controls. OSHA is holding this stakeholder meeting as part of its commitment...

2011-10-06

114

The pathogenesis of Noise Induced Hearing Loss  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available NIHL occurs when too much sound intensity is transmitted into and through the auditory system and can be occur following a shot gun or the exposure to a moderately intense sound for a long period of time. NIHL caused by acoustic trauma refers to permanent cochlear damage from a one-time exposure to excessive sound pressure. This form of NIHL commonly results from exposure to high-intensity sounds such as explosions, gunfire, a large drum hit loudly and firecrackers. Meanwhile the sound intensity, duration of exposure and personal hearing thresholds as the effective factors in the amount of noise induced hearing loss should not be overlooked.  Since numerous investigations have been performed about intense sudden sound we will discuss it in detail in the current article.

Seyyed Abbas Mir Vakili

1999-03-01

115

Smartphone-based hearing test as an aid in the initial evaluation of unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) can cause significant morbidity. Treatment with steroids can improve outcome. Delay in initiation of treatment reduces the chance to regain hearing. For this reason SSNHL is considered an emergency. Diagnosis is based on history, physical examination and a standard audiogram, the latter requiring specialized equipment and personnel. Standard audiogram may not be available at the time and place of patient presentation. A smartphone or tablet computer-based hearing test may aid in the decision to prescribe steroids in this setting. In this study the uHearhearing test application was utilized. The output of this ear-level air conduction hearing test is reported in hearing grades for 6 frequencies ranging from 250 to 6000 Hz. A total of 32 patients with unilateral SSNHL proven by a standard audiogram were tested. The results of standard and iPod hearing tests were compared. Based on the accepted criterion of SSNHL (at least 30 dB loss - or 2 hearing grades - in 3 consecutive frequencies) the test had a sensitivity of 0.76 and specificity of 0.91. Using a less stringent criterion of a loss of 2 hearing grades over at least 2 frequencies the sensitivity was 0.96 and specificity 0.86. The correlation coefficient for the comparison of the average hearing grade across the 6 measured frequencies of the study and standard audiogram was 0.83. uHear more accurately reflected hearing thresholds at mid and high tones. Similarly to previously published data, low frequency thresholds could be artificially elevated. In conclusion, uHear can be useful in the initial evaluation of patients with single-sided SSNHL by providing important information guiding the decision to initiate treatment before a standard audiogram is available. PMID:23689282

Handzel, Ophir; Ben-Ari, Oded; Damian, Doris; Priel, Maayan M; Cohen, Jacob; Himmelfarb, Mordechai

2013-01-01

116

Noise-induced hearing loss milestones: past and future  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english A retrospective study was conducted on the Rand Mutual Assurance (RMA) noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) compensation claims from 1998 to 2008 to determine if the 2008 milestone agreed at the 2003 Mine Health and Safety Summit was achieved. The number and costs of NIHL compensation claims in differe [...] nt commodity sectors and workplaces were collated. A secondary analysis of the ages of employees compensated after 2008 was conducted. A complementary retrospective analysis of audiogram data investigated the percentage loss of hearing (PLH) shift in different homogeneously exposed groups and occupations at two gold mines. The compensation claims analysis indicated a significant decrease in NIHL claims from 1998 to 2008, but the milestone was not achieved. The reason may be either that claims have not been submitted timeously as required by Instruction 171 and that the current submissions are a result of pre-2003 noise exposure, or that employees who were baselined are still developing NIHL owing to ineffective hearing conservation programmes in place in the mining industry. On the basis of best practice for hearing conservation, recommendations are made for leading indicators in hearing conservation programmes and for reducing the risks of NIHL in order to achieve the 2013 milestone.

A.L., Edwards; D., Kritzingert.

117

Unilateral Hearing Loss: the Benefit of Auditory Localization after Adaptation of Hearing Aids Individual  

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Full Text Available Introduction: A unilateral hearing loss is characterized by decreased hearing in one ear. Objective: To evaluate the benefit on the location after hearing the adaptation of hearing aids Individual (HA in individuals with unilateral hearing loss. Method: A prospective study of 31 individuals aged between 18 and 75 years and both genders with unilateral hearing loss of various types and grades, answered a questionnaire to evaluate the location of the sound source, by using the "Survey of hearing ability of the location of the sound source." The instrument was applied in two situations: without the use of HA and the use of hearing aids. Results: Patients with mild hearing loss and received a moderate score of 3.35 with use of hearing aids and hearing loss, severe and profound absence of an improvement of 3.05 1.39 and 1.38 respectively. Conclusion:Benefits were obtained with the use of hearing aids on the auditory localization in subjects with unilateral hearing loss, emphasizing the importance of the use of amplification.

Sanches, Rita de Cássia Pires

2010-09-01

118

Noise induced hearing loss and other hearing complaints among musicians of symphony orchestras  

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OBJECTIVES: An investigation of the hearing status of musicians of professional symphony orchestras. Main questions are: (1) Should musicians be treated as a special group with regard to hearing, noise, and noise related hearing problems (2) Do patterns of hearing damage differ for different instrument types (3) Do OAE have an added value in the diagnosis of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) in musicians. METHODS: 241 professional musicians, aged between 23-64 participated. A brief medical hi...

Jansen, E. J. M.; Helleman, H. W.; Dreschler, W. A.; Laat, J. A. P. M.

2009-01-01

119

The Influence of Hearing Aids on the Speech and Language Development of Children With Hearing Loss  

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Importance Hearing loss (HL) in children can be deleterious to their speech and language development. The standard of practice has been early provision of hearing aids (HAs) to moderate these effects; however, there have been few empirical studies evaluating the effectiveness of this practice on speech and language development among children with mild-to-severe HL. Objective To investigate the contributions of aided hearing and duration of HA use to speech and language outcomes in children with mild-to-severe HL. Design, Setting, and Participants An observational cross-sectional design was used to examine the association of aided hearing levels and length of HA use with levels of speech and language outcomes. One hundred eighty 3- and 5-year-old children with HL were recruited through records of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening and referrals from clinical service providers in the general community in 6 US states. Interventions All but 4 children had been fitted with HAs, and measures of aided hearing and the duration of HA use were obtained. Main outcomes and measures Standardized measures of speech and language ability were obtained. Results Measures of the gain in hearing ability for speech provided by the HA were significantly correlated with levels of speech (?179 = 0.20; P = .008) and language: ?155 = 0.21; P = .01) ability. These correlations were indicative of modest levels of association between aided hearing and speech and language outcomes. These benefits were found for children with mild and moderate-to-severe HL. In addition, the amount of benefit from aided hearing interacted with the duration of HA experience (Speech: F4,161 = 4.98; P aided hearing. Conclusions and Relevance The degree of improved hearing provided by HAs was associated with better speech and language development in children. In addition, the duration of HA experience interacted with the aided hearing to influence outcomes. These results provide support for the provision of well-fitted HAs to children with HL. In particular, the findings support early HA fitting and HA provision to children with mild HL. PMID:24700303

Tomblin, J. Bruce; Oleson, Jacob J.; Ambrose, Sophie E.; Walker, Elizabeth; Moeller, Mary Pat

2014-01-01

120

MR imaging of sensory neural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes MR findings in patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) who do not have acoustic neuromas. Twenty-eight patients with SNHL were evaluated with pre- and postgadolinium thin-section axial T1-weighted imaging and axial T2- weighted imaging through the whole brain. Eleven patients had lesions in the labyrinth. Ten of the 11 lesions enhanced after gadolinium administration. The diagnoses included viral labyrinthitis (three patients), syphilitic labyrinthitis (two patients), bacterial labyrinthitis (one patient), vestibular neuromas (three patients), ostosclerosis (one patient), and intravestibular hemorrhage (one patient)

 
 
 
 
121

Hearing Loss Signals Need for Diagnosis  

Science.gov (United States)

... through with you.” back to top Aids Versus Amplifiers Mann adds that consumers should not confuse hearing ... and Food and Drug Administration Staff Hearing Aids Cochlear Implants Better Hearing Institute Page Last Updated: 05/ ...

122

Association between Ocular Pseudoexfoliation and Sensorineural Hearing Loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Our study aimed to investigate an association between ocular pseudoexfoliation (PXF) and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and to compare them with age and sex matched controls without pseudoexfoliation. Method. This was a case-control study of 123 patients which included 68 cases with PXF (at least one eye) and 55 controls without pseudoexfoliation. Pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was done for these patients at sound frequencies taken as important for speech comprehension, that is, 250 Hertz (Hz), 500?Hz, 1000?Hz, and 2000?Hz. Results. There were 41 patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXE) and 27 with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXEG). The majority of patients with hearing loss (60%; n = 51) were PXF patients and the remaining 40% (n = 34) were controls. Below average hearing thresholds were significantly higher in the pseudoexfoliation group compared to the control group (P = 0.01; odds ratio (OR), 3.00; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-7.19). However, there was no significant difference in the mean hearing threshold levels between the three groups (PXE, PXEG, and controls) in either ear (ANOVA, right ear: P = 0.46 and left ear P = 0.36). Conclusion. Our study found an association between PXF and SNHL, confirming that PXF can involve organs in the body other than the eye. PMID:24864196

Singham, Nandini Vijaya; Zahari, Mimiwati; Peyman, Mohammadreza; Prepageran, Narayanan; Subrayan, Visvaraja

2014-01-01

123

Studying VEMP in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL has a prevalence of 10 in 100,000. Viral infections, vascular obstruction and rupture of the intracochlear membranes are supposed to be its most common etiologies. About 40% of patients experience vertigo or imbalance. The VEMP (vestibular evoked myogenic potentials test is a known approach for detailed study of the labyrinth. The advantage of this test in comparison to other tests is the selected study of sacculus and sacculocochlear pathways. Materials and Methods:  In this cross sectional study all patients with SSNHL diagnosis were admitted and underwent routine standard treatments and diagnostic tests. Clinical symptoms and paraclinic findings were recorded in especially designed forms and VEMP test was performed on admission. Results: Among the 43 cases with sudden sensorineural hearing loss, 14 (32.6% had vertigo. Thirteen patients (39.2% out of 43 had a negative (abnormal VEMP, 6 of which (42.9% had vertigo, while in the 30 VEMP positive (normal cases, vertigo was detected in 8 (26.6%. Discussion: Saccular dysfunction seems to be an important finding in SSNHL. Although it is more prevalent in the patients with vertigo, it can be found in the non-dizzy cases. VEMP disturbance in SSNHL shows more extensive pathological involvement. Conclusion: In SSNHL the pathology isn’t limited to the cochlea and even in patients with no vestibular symptoms sacculus might be involved.

Mohsen Rajati

2011-03-01

124

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: MR Imaging.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hearing loss greater than 30 dB over three contiguous pure-tone frequencies occurring within a three day period is defined as sudden hearing loss. It is usually sensorineural (SSNHL), unilateral and appears as an otologic emergency. SSNHL has many possibile etiologies such as: labyrinthine viral infection, ischemic or hemorrhagic illness, trauma, immuno-mediated inner ear disease, tumor, inner ear malformation, and an imbalance between perilymphatic and endolymphatic fluid pressure. Nevertheless in almost 80% of cases SSNHL belongs to the idiopathic category because the etiology is unknown. The aim of this study was to test the diagnostic impact of two MR devices. Fifteen cases of SSNHL studied with a 1.5 T unit in our hospital between January 2006 and December 2008 within two weeks of the onset were retrospectively evaluated. Since January 2009 three more patients affected by SSNHL have been scanned with a 3T MR unit. We discuss the diagnostic sensitivity, clinical usefulness and the cost-benefit ratio of the MR systems. PMID:24148533

Canapicchi, R; De Marchi, D; Lombardo, F; Fortunato, S; De Cori, S; Montanaro, D; Berrettini, S

2010-04-01

125

Hearing Loss Due to Familial Hypercholesterolemia and Statin Treatment  

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Full Text Available It has been suggested that high cholesterol levels might have adverse effects on hearing and interest- ingly statins may have beneficial effects on hearing loss. Herein, we share a dramatic improvement in acute hearing loss by statin administration in a young patient with familial hypercholesterolemia. To our knowledge this is the first report indicating the possible role of statins in patients suffering from sudden hearing loss in the context of familial hypercholesterolemia. Although the statin administra- tion as a therapeutic option for sudden hearing loss needs to be clarified in prospective studies, this case report might shed more light for possible association of dyslipidemia and hearing loss and role of statins in such cases.

Muhammed Oylumlu

2013-01-01

126

Association between Hearing Loss and Saccular Dysfunction in Older Individuals  

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Objective (1) Describe the association between hearing loss and dysfunction of each of the five vestibular end-organs – the horizontal, superior and posterior semicircular canals, saccule and utricle – in older individuals. (2) Evaluate whether hearing loss and vestibular end-organ deficits share any risk factors. Study design Cross-sectional study. Setting Academic medical center. Patients Fifty-one individuals age ?70. Interventions Audiometry, head-thrust dynamic visual acuity (htDVA), sound-evoked cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and tap-evoked ocular VEMP (oVEMP). Main Outcome Measures Audiometric pure-tone averages (PTA), htDVA LogMAR scores as a measure of semicircular canal function in each canal plane, and cVEMP and oVEMP amplitudes as a measure of saccular and utricular function, respectively. Results We observed a significant correlation between hearing loss at high frequencies and reduced cVEMP amplitudes (or reduced saccular function; r = ?0.37, p < 0.0001) in subjects age ?70. In contrast, hearing loss was not associated with oVEMP amplitudes (or utricular function), or htDVA LogMAR scores (or semicircular canal function) in any of the canal planes. Age and noise exposure were significantly associated with measures of both cochlear and saccular dysfunction. Conclusion The concomitant decline in cochlear and saccular function associated with aging may reflect their common embryologic origin in the pars inferior of the labyrinth. Noise exposure appears to be related to both saccular and cochlear dysfunction. These findings suggest a potential benefit of screening individuals with presbycusis – particularly those with significant noise exposure history – for saccular dysfunction, which may contribute to fall risk in the elderly. PMID:23064383

Zuniga, M. Geraldine; Dinkes, Roni E.; Davalos-Bichara, Marcela; Carey, John P.; Schubert, Michael C.; King, W. Michael; Walston, Jeremy; Agrawal, Yuri

2012-01-01

127

Hearing Aids Communication : Integrating Social Interaction, Audiology and User Centered Design to Improve Communication with Hearing Loss and Hearing Technologies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Globally, hearing loss is the second most frequent disability. About 80% of the persons affected by hearing loss do not use hearing aids. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded, interdisciplinary approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-) use of hearing technologies. The researchers report on pilot studies from Australia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Switzerland and the USA. Using Conversation Analysis, the studies identify problems and serve as points of departure for possible solutions. Researchers and practitioners from the different disciplines (medicine, audiology, hearing rehabilitation, User Centered Design, Conversation Analysis, change business) as well as users of hearing technologies comment on this approach.

2012-01-01

128

Medication for hearing loss after fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) for vestibular schwannoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of corticosteroid treatments for patients showing decreases in hearing levels after stereotactic radiotherapy for vestibular schwannoma. Methods and Materials: Twenty-one patients experienced a hearing loss in pure-tone average at greater than 20 dB or less than 10 dB within 1 year after irradiation administration of 44 Gy/22 fractions followed by a 4 Gy boost. Eight received oral prednisone at a daily dose of 30 mg, which was gradually decreased (medicated group), and 13 received none (nonmedicated group). The average observation period was 26.7±16.6 (range: 6-69) months. Results: Hearing recovery was seen after initial onset of the hearing loss in all 8 patients in the medicated group and in 2 of 13 patients in the nonmedicated group (p=0.001). The hearing recovery, that is, the change in pure-tone average (dB) at the last follow-up from the onset of hearing loss, was 9.8±6.9 dB (recovery) in the medicated group and -9.4±12.8 dB (further loss) in the nonmedicated group (p=0.0013). The hearing recovery rate, normalizing to the degree of the hearing loss before medication, was also significantly higher in the medicated group than in the nonmedicated group (p=0.0014). Conclusions: Corticosteroidal intake is suggested to be effective in improving hearing loss after stereotactic radiotherapy, at least in young patients having a useful pretreatment hearing level, if the treatment for hearing loss is administered immediately after the hearing loss is first detected

129

Methadone-induced bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Methadone, a long-acting opiate agonist, and naltrexone, an opiate receptor antagonist, are both commonly used to treat patients with morphine and heroin addiction. We present a rare case of methadone-induced persistent bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) after chronic naltrexone use and review opioid-induced hearing loss in the literature. Methadone-induced hearing loss has been described previously described in the literature with all reported cases recovering functional hearing. This is the first description of persistent bilateral severe SNHL following methadone ingestion. We propose opiate receptor sensitization from prolonged naltrexone use as a predisposing factor for methadone-induced irreversible cochlear injury. PMID:24051235

Vorasubin, Nopawan; Calzada, Audrey P; Ishiyama, Akira

2013-01-01

130

Contributing Factors in Inducing Noise Induced Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available The most common contributing factors in inducing hearing loss in adults are aging, exposure to noise and the interaction among these factors with other parameters. Individual parameters are also effective in the extent of hearing loss which is produced. Being aware of Vulnerability factors such as physical parameters, Auditory and non-auditory factors can be useful in considering a good hearing conservation program for noise induced hearing losses.In the current article we are aimed at introducing three important parameters and their sub-divisions pertaining to this issue.

Saeid Farahani

1999-03-01

131

Analysis of hearing improvement in patients with severe to profound sudden sensorineural hearing loss according to the level of pure tone hearing threshold.  

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Patients with profound sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) have a poor prognosis regardless of the type of treatment they receive. However, there is evidence that a proportion of patients with profound hearing loss may exhibit variable degrees of recovery, and this has yet to be specifically investigated. Here, we report a comparison of levels of hearing improvement in patients stratified according to their level of hearing threshold before treatment. We divided patients with severe to profound SSNHL into three groups: patients with an initial hearing threshold of 80-89 dB (n = 18), 90-99 dB (n = 16), and ?100 dB (n = 34). We compared improvements in hearing threshold at different frequencies and recovery rates between the three groups. No significant differences were observed in hearing threshold improvements at different frequencies in the three groups after treatment. However, in the group with an initial hearing threshold of ?100 dB, significantly less complete and partial recoveries occurred compared to those in the 80-89 or 90-99 dB groups. Our results suggest that initial hearing threshold in excess of 100 dB alters the likelihood of satisfactory recovery in patients with severe to profound SSNHL. PMID:22143582

Hong, Seok Min; Ko, Young Gil; Park, Chan Hum; Lee, Jun Ho; Kim, Ji Heui

2012-09-01

132

"ESTIMATING THE INCIDENCE OF NEONATAL HEARING LOSS IN HIGH RISK NEONATES"  

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Full Text Available Regardless of severity, earlier intervention to correct hearing loss in children improves speech development and conversational abilities. A cross-sectional study was performed on 230 neonates who were at risk of hearing loss in Tehran University of Medical Sciences hospitals between September 2000 and February 2002. Hearing was examined before the 3rd month by auditory brainstem responses (ABR. Eighteen neonates (8% had sensorineural hearing loss. There was no significant relationship between hearing loss and sex. We found significant statistical relationships between hearing loss and craniofacial anomalies (P value < 0.000001, the neonate’s age during hospitalization (P value < 0.005,hyperbilirubinemia (P value < 0.01, using artificial ventilation (P value < 0.05 and use of ototoxic drugs (P value < 0.05. It seems that it is much better to screen all neonates for early detection of hearing loss. If this goal is not achievable, all neonates with risk factors must be checked. Severe hyperbilirubinemia is a main risk factor of hearing loss.

A. Ameni J. Tak

2004-08-01

133

Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with Kawasaki Disease  

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Full Text Available Kawasaki disease (KD is an acute systemic vasculitis of children characterized by fever, rash, conjunctival hyperemia, oropharyngeal erythema, edema and erythema of the hands and feet, and cervical adenopathy [1]. A variety of other features are also characteristics of this syndrome, including coronary artery aneurysms, urethritis, anterior uveitis, mild hepatobiliary dysfunction, and gallbladder hydrops. Coronary artery abnormalities, including aneurysms and ectasia, occur in approximately 20% of untreated patients [2]. Neurologic involvement is rare. Cranial nerve palsy, especially involving the seventh nerve, has been reported [3], as well as hemiparesis caused by cerebral thrombosis and infarction, and convulsions. Although about 30% of patients with acute KD in the United States have been reported to suffer mild sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL [4], only a few such cases have been reported in Japan. On the other hand, in both countries, a few cases of severe or profound SNHL in children who were in the acute phase of KD have been documented [5].

Hitoshi Tanimoto

2014-04-01

134

Occupational noise-induced hearing loss.  

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Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a well-known entity in daily practice of otolaryngology. A wide variety of NIHLs are work-related. Occupational noise is the most common cause of NIHL in adults which is up to now considered incurable and the best approach to it is to utilize maximal protection. An effective noise exposure prevention program consists of identification of sources of noise and implementation of controlling measures and regulations at working environments as well as performing periodic audiologic evaluation of those who are working at noisy environments. The present paper, briefly reviews occupational NIHL mainly based on the related data available on PubMed up to early 2010. PMID:23022797

Azizi, M H

2010-07-01

135

What are the audiometric frequencies affected are the responsible for the hearing complaint in the hearing loss for ototoxicity after the oncological treatment?  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The neurosensory bilateral simetric hearing loss resulting of the oncological treatment is underestimated, because the patients has the hearing detection preserved, reporting complaints in determined situation, or the not comprehension of part of the message. Objective: Investigate which are the audiometric frequencies affected are the responsible by the presence of hearing complaints. Method: Prospective study evaluating 200 patients with cancer in the childhood out of the oncological treatment in at least 8 years, with average age to the diagnosis of 6,21 years (4,71. Was applied anamnesis to investigate the presence of hearing complaints and performed a tonal threshold audiometry. To check the association between the complaint and the hearing loss, was applied the Exact test of Fisher, with one error a=5%, the patients were split into: normal hearing, hearing loss in 8kHz, loss in 6-8 kHz, loss in 4-8 kHz, loss in 2-8 kHz and loss in < 1-8 kHz. Results: We found 125 patients with hearing loss, 10 presented hearing complaints. Between the patients with hearing loss, 16 presented loss only at 8kHz, and 1 with complaint; 22 with loss in 6-8 kHz, being 3 with complaint; 16 with loss in 4-8 kHz, from them 10 with complaint; 15 with loss 2-8 kHz, being 14 with complaint and 6 with loss in < 1-8 kHz all with complaints. There were a significant relationship between the loss and hearing complaint (p<0,001, when the frequency of 4 kHz was involved. Conclusion: The bigger the number of affected frequencies the bigger the occurrence of hearing complaint, most of all when the speech frequencies are involved, and the involvement of 4 kHz already determines the appearing of the complaints.

Liberman, Patricia Helena Pecora

2012-01-01

136

Coping with emergent hearing loss : expectations and experiences of adult, new hearing aid users ; an anthropological study in Denmark  

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The dissertation, ”Coping with emergent hearing loss”, is written in English and is based on the diversity of problems connected to hearing loss and the adaptation of hearing aids. The research was carried out in Denmark and involves adults with an emergent hearing loss, who have decided to become hearing aid users. The data is analyzed through methods of cultural anthropology with focus on the following topics: How do the new users cope with the status passage towards being hearing aid u...

Bisgaard, Susanne

2009-01-01

137

High-frequency audiometry: a means for early diagnosis of noise-induced hearing loss.  

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Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), an irreversible disorder, is a common problem in industrial settings. Early diagnosis of NIHL can help prevent the progression of hearing loss, especially in speech frequencies. For early diagnosis of NIHL, audiometry is performed routinely in conventional frequencies. We designed this study to compare the effect of noise on high-frequency audiometry (HFA) and conventional audiometry. In a historical cohort study, we compared hearing threshold and prevalence of hearing loss in conventional and high frequencies of audiometry among textile workers divided into two groups: With and without exposure to noise more than 85 dB. The highest hearing threshold was observed at 4000 Hz, 6000 Hz and 16000 Hz in conventional right ear audiometry, conventional left ear audiometry and HFA in each ear, respectively. The hearing threshold was significantly higher at 16000 Hz compared to 4000. Hearing loss was more common in HFA than conventional audiometry. HFA is more sensitive to detect NIHL than conventional audiometry. It can be useful for early diagnosis of hearing sensitivity to noise, and thus preventing hearing loss in lower frequencies especially speech frequencies. PMID:22122956

Mehrparvar, Amir H; Mirmohammadi, Seyyed J; Ghoreyshi, Abbas; Mollasadeghi, Abolfazl; Loukzadeh, Ziba

2011-01-01

138

Neuromagnetic indicators of tinnitus and tinnitus masking in patients with and without hearing loss.  

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Tinnitus is an auditory phenomenon characterised by the perception of a sound in the absence of an external auditory stimulus. Chronic subjective tinnitus is almost certainly maintained via central mechanisms, and this is consistent with observed measures of altered spontaneous brain activity. A number of putative central auditory mechanisms for tinnitus have been proposed. The influential thalamocortical dysrhythmia model suggests that tinnitus can be attributed to the disruption of coherent oscillatory activity between thalamus and cortex following hearing loss. However, the extent to which this disruption specifically contributes to tinnitus or is simply a consequence of the hearing loss is unclear because the necessary matched controls have not been tested. Here, we rigorously test several predictions made by this model in four groups of participants (tinnitus with hearing loss, tinnitus with clinically normal hearing, no tinnitus with hearing loss and no tinnitus with clinically normal hearing). Magnetoencephalography was used to measure oscillatory brain activity within different frequency bands in a 'resting' state and during presentation of a masking noise. Results revealed that low-frequency activity in the delta band (1-4 Hz) was significantly higher in the 'tinnitus with hearing loss' group compared to the 'no tinnitus with normal hearing' group. A planned comparison indicated that this effect was unlikely to be driven by the hearing loss alone, but could possibly be a consequence of tinnitus and hearing loss. A further interpretative linkage to tinnitus was given by the result that the delta activity tended to reduce when tinnitus was masked. High-frequency activity in the gamma band (25-80 Hz) was not correlated with tinnitus (or hearing loss). The findings partly support the thalamocortical dysrhythmia model and suggest that slow-wave (delta band) activity may be a more reliable correlate of tinnitus than high-frequency activity. PMID:22791191

Adjamian, Peyman; Sereda, Magdalena; Zobay, Oliver; Hall, Deborah A; Palmer, Alan R

2012-10-01

139

Comparing the bone conduction auditory steady state response in individuals with sensorineural hearing loss and normal hearing  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: The auditory steady state response is a modern test for estimating hearing thresholds, especially in difficult to test individuals . However, there are few bone conduction auditory steady state response data, particularly for individuals with hearing loss. The objective of this study was to investigate bone conduction auditory steady state response thresholds in individuals with sensorineural hearing loss and normal hearing.Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 10 individuals with normal hearing and 10 with sensorineural hearing loss at the age of 15-30 years were selected by non-probability sampling. Auditory steady state response and pure tone audiometry to bone conduction stimuli in 500 and 2000 Hz were recorded in two groups. Paired and independent t-test were used to compare data between the groups.Results: There was low correlation between bone conduction auditory steady state response and pure tone audiometry in both groups (p>0.05 for both. The difference of behavioral thresholds and auditory steady state response in 500 Hz was higher than 2000 Hz in both groups (p=0.033 for normal hearing and p=0.017 for sensorineural hearing loss groups. Comparison of these results showed significant differences between the two groups (p<0.001.Conclusion: In both groups, there was low correlation between bone conduction auditory steady state response and pure tone audiometry thresholds. In individuals with sensorineural hearing loss and in higher frequencies , bone conduction auditory steady state response thresholds was closer to pure tone audiometery thresholds.

Sara Afifian

2014-01-01

140

Hearing Loss and Older Adults’ Perceptions of Access to Care  

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We investigated whether hard-of-hearing older adults were more likely to report difficulties and delays in accessing care and decreased satisfaction with healthcare access than those without hearing loss. The Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (2003–2006 wave, N = 6,524) surveyed respondents regarding hearing, difficulties/delays in accessing care, satisfaction with healthcare access, socio-demographics, chronic conditions, self-rated health, depression, and length of relationship with provider/s...

Pandhi, Nancy; Schumacher, Jessica R.; Barnett, Steven; Smith, Maureen A.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Sudden hearing loss: Our experiences in treatment with vasoactive and corticosteroid therapy  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Sudden hearing loss is a clinical entity of ambiguously defined aetiology manifested by hearing loss of more than 30 dB on three contiguous frequencies occurring within 72 hours. The lack of standard therapy protocol led to the use of variety of different therapies, thus making difficult objective quantification of their effect. Objective. The aim of the study was to present our experience in the treatment of sudden hearing loss with administration of vasoactive and corticosteroid therapy. Methods. Our research included 59 hospitally treated patients with a sudden hearing loss. During the period 1995-2004, 37 patients were treated using vasoactive agents (xanthinol nicotinate and pentoxifylline, and from 2004-2009, 22 patients were treated using parenteral corticosteroids (dexamethasone. All patients had unilateral sensorineural hearing loss of different level at frequencies from 500-4000 Hz, while other diagnostic procedures (laboratory tests, internist and neurology examinations, X-ray were within normal limits. Evaluation of therapy effect was done by follow-up of hearing threshold changes and subjective complaints. Results. The results showed that full recovery was achieved in patients with a mild and not fully severe hearing loss, with the majority of those (73% under corticosteroid treatment. In these patients recovery was also achieved more rapidly. A partial recovery of hearing was detected in patients with hearing loss of more than 80 dB, and mostly in patients treated with corticosteroids. Conclusion. Although statistical evaluation does not indicate significant differences between the application of vasoactive drugs or corticosteroids, clinical findings support advantages of corticosteroid therapy. Treatment of hearing loss, although controversial, requires change of some up-to-now used agents. Advantages should go in favour of contricosteroids.

Živi? Ljubica

2012-01-01

142

Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome and Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS occurs due to the deposition of extracellular fibrillar materials on the anterior chamber of the eye. This syndrome has been considered to be part of a systemic disease with the potential involvement of the inner ear called sensoroneural hearing loss (SNHL.  In this study, we aimed on evaluating SNHL within PXS patients in Iran to compare them with other international reports. Materials and Methods: In total, 33 patients with PXS and 33 age and sex matched controls were enrolled prospectively in a case-control study. Both groups underwent complete ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic examinations and pure tone audiometry (PTA testing. Six frequencies (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 KHz were evaluated for PTA in the same ethnic group in order to select the case and control individuals. Data were analyzed using t-test and chi-square test. Results: Forty-nine out of 66 ears (75.2% in the PXS group and 27 ears (40.9% in the control group had SNHL (P

Ramin Zojaji

2011-03-01

143

Comparison of Working Memory in Hearing Loss and Normal Children  

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Introduction: Hearing loss children may have problems in auditory-verbal memory due to impaired auditory input, but likely they have no deficit in visual-verbal memory because of intact visual input. In this study auditory-verbal and visual-verbal memory of sever to moderate (56-70 dB) hearing loss students in special schools compared with normal group.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, hearing loss and normal children compared by means of working memory subtest...

Gohar Lotfi; Mohammad Rezaei; Farzad Wiesi

2012-01-01

144

Sensorineural hearing loss in Lassa fever: two case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Lassa fever is an acute arena viral haemorrhagic fever with varied neurological sequelae. Sensorineural hearing loss is one of the rare complications which occur usually during the convalescent stage of the infection. Case presentation The cases of two female patients aged 19 and 43 years old, respectively, with clinical features suggestive of Lassa fever and confirmed by immunoserological/Lassa-virus-specific reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction are presented. Both patients developed severe sensorineural hearing loss at acute phases of the infections. Conclusion Sensorineural hearing loss from Lassa fever infections can occur in both acute and convalescent stages and is probably induced by an immune response.

Okokhere Peter O

2009-01-01

145

Evaluation of hearing loss in juvenile insulin dependent patients with diabetes mellitus  

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BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most important epidemics of our era. Complications of this disease are diverse and include retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. This study has been designed to evaluate hearing loss patterns in young children suffering from IDDM and define risk factors for this complication. METHODS: This descriptive analytic study includes 200 youngsters divided into two groups: 100 patients in diabetic group and 100 healthy individual in control group. Hearing thresholds are determined in 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000 and 8000 Hz and metabolic controls are evaluated as average of one year HbA1C, dividing diabetic group into well control and poor control subgroups. RESULTS: Twenty one out of 100 patients in diabetic group showed significant hearing loss. Hearing loss is correlated with metabolic control, showing less loss in patients with HbA1C less than 7.5%. Results showed that hearing loss is not related to sex of patients but duration of disease (more or less than 5 years) affects degree of hearing loss in some frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: Hearing loss in children suffering from IDDM is sensorineural, bilateral and symmetrical and is related to the duration of disease and state of metabolic control (HbA1C). PMID:22091228

Okhovat, Sayyed Ahmadreza; Moaddab, Mohammad Hassan; Okhovat, Sayyed Hanif; Al-Azab, Anwar Abdullah Ali; Saleh, Fadhl Ali Ahmad; Oshaghi, Samira; Abdeyazdan, Zahra

2011-01-01

146

Identifying Hearing Loss in Young Children: Technology Replaces the Bell  

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Hearing loss can too easily be misdiagnosed or overlooked by providers serving young children. Parents and professionals may observe a language delay--an "invisible" condition--while failing to identify the underlying cause. Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) hearing screening technology, used extensively with newborns, is becoming an essential tool,…

Eiserman, William; Shisler, Lenore

2010-01-01

147

A Case of Heroin Induced Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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A case of a 31-year-old male who developed profound sensorineural hearing loss following a heroin overdose is presented. The patient subsequently had a full recovery of his hearing. Other cases of this rare phenomenon are reviewed and management options are discussed. PMID:24516766

Aulet, Ricardo Mario; Sillman, Jonathan

2014-01-01

148

Constraint-induced sound therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss--behavioral and neurophysiological outcomes.  

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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by acute, idiopathic hearing deterioration. We report here the development and evaluation of "constraint-induced sound therapy", which is based on a well-established neuro-rehabilitation approach, and which is characterized by the plugging of the intact ear ("constraint") and the simultaneous, extensive stimulation of the affected ear with music. The sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients who received the constraint-induced sound therapy in addition to the standard corticosteroid therapy showed significantly better recovery of hearing function compared to those who had only received corticosteroid treatments. Additionally, the brain activity obtained in a subgroup of patients suggested that the constraint-induced sound therapy could have prevented maladaptive auditory cortex reorganization. Constraint-induced sound therapy thus appears to be an effective, practical, and safe treatment option for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. PMID:24473277

Okamoto, Hidehiko; Fukushima, Munehisa; Teismann, Henning; Lagemann, Lothar; Kitahara, Tadashi; Inohara, Hidenori; Kakigi, Ryusuke; Pantev, Christo

2014-01-01

149

Constraint-induced sound therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss - behavioral and neurophysiological outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by acute, idiopathic hearing deterioration. We report here the development and evaluation of “constraint-induced sound therapy”, which is based on a well-established neuro-rehabilitation approach, and which is characterized by the plugging of the intact ear (“constraint”) and the simultaneous, extensive stimulation of the affected ear with music. The sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients who received the constraint-induced sound therapy in addition to the standard corticosteroid therapy showed significantly better recovery of hearing function compared to those who had only received corticosteroid treatments. Additionally, the brain activity obtained in a subgroup of patients suggested that the constraint-induced sound therapy could have prevented maladaptive auditory cortex reorganization. Constraint-induced sound therapy thus appears to be an effective, practical, and safe treatment option for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. PMID:24473277

Okamoto, Hidehiko; Fukushima, Munehisa; Teismann, Henning; Lagemann, Lothar; Kitahara, Tadashi; Inohara, Hidenori; Kakigi, Ryusuke; Pantev, Christo

2014-01-01

150

Loudness perception affected by early age hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tinnitus and hyperacusis, commonly seen in adults, are also reported in children. Although clinical studies found children with tinnitus and hyperacusis often suffered from recurrent otitis media, there is no direct study on how temporary hearing loss in the early age affects the sound loudness perception. In this study, sound loudness changes in rats affected by perforation of the tympanic membranes (TM) have been studied using an operant conditioning based behavioral task. We detected significant increases of sound loudness and susceptibility to audiogenic seizures (AGS) in rats with bilateral TM damage at postnatal 16 days. As increase to sound sensitivity is commonly seen in hyperacusis and tinnitus patients, these results suggest that early age hearing loss is a high risk factor to induce tinnitus and hyperacusis in children. In the TM damaged rats, we also detected a reduced expression of GABA receptor ? and ?6 subunits in the inferior colliculus (IC) compared to the controls. Treatment of vigabatrin (60 mg/kg/day, 7-14 days), an anti-seizure drug that inhibits the catabolism of GABA, not only blocked AGS, but also significantly attenuated the loudness response. Administration of vigabatrin following the early age TM damage could even prevent rats from developing AGS. These results suggest that TM damage at an early age may cause a permanent reduction of GABA tonic inhibition which is critical towards the maintenance of normal loudness processing of the IC. Increasing GABA concentration during the critical period may alleviate the impairment in the brain induced by early age hearing loss. PMID:24747532

Sun, Wei; Fu, Qiang; Zhang, Chao; Manohar, Senthilvelan; Kumaraguru, Anand; Li, Ji

2014-07-01

151

Phonemic restoration by hearing-impaired listeners with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

The auditory system is capable of perceptually restoring inaudible portions of speech. This restoration may be compromised as a result of hearing impairment, particularly if it is combined with advanced age, because of degradations in the bottom-up and top-down processes. To test this hypothesis, phonemic restoration was quantitatively measured with hearing-impaired listeners of varying ages and degrees of hearing impairment, as well as with a normal hearing control group. The results showed that the restoration benefit was negatively correlated with both hearing impairment and age, supporting the original hypothesis. Group data showed that listeners with mild hearing loss were able to perceptually restore the missing speech segments as well as listeners with normal hearing. By contrast, the moderately-impaired listeners showed no evidence of perceptual restoration. Further analysis using the articulation index showed that listeners with mild hearing loss were able to increase phonemic restoration with audibility. Moderately-impaired listeners, on the other hand, were unable to do so, even when the articulation index was high. The overall findings suggest that, in addition to insufficient audibility, degradations in the bottom-up and/or top-down mechanisms as a result of hearing loss may limit or entirely prevent phonemic restoration. PMID:19922784

Ba?kent, Deniz; Eiler, Cheryl L; Edwards, Brent

2010-02-01

152

Efficient estimates of cochlear hearing loss parameters in individual listeners  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It has been suggested that the level corresponding to the knee-point of the basilar membrane (BM) input/output (I/O) function can be used to estimate the amount of inner- and outer hair-cell loss (IHL, OHL) in listeners with a moderate cochlear hearing impairment Plack et al. (2004). According to Jepsen and Dau (2011) IHL + OHL = HLT [dB], where HLT stands for total hearing loss. Hence having estimates of the total hearing loss and OHC loss, one can estimate the IHL. In the present study, results from forward masking experiments based on temporal masking curves (TMC; Nelson et al., 2001) are presented and used to estimate the knee-point level and the compression ratio of the I/O function. A time-efficient paradigm based on the single-interval-up-down method (SIUD; Lecluyse and Meddis (2009)) was used. In contrast with previous studies, the present study used only on-frequency TMCs to derive estimates of the knee-point level. Further, it is explored whether it is possible to estimate the compression ratio using only on-frequency TMCs. 10 normal-hearing and 10 hearing-impaired listeners (with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss) were tested at 1, 2 and 4 kHz. The results showed a reasonable reliability and may be applicable to individualized hearing-aid fitting. © 2013 Acoustical Society of America.

Fereczkowski, Michal; Jepsen, Morten LØve

2013-01-01

153

Epistemics in audiological consultations : Divergent conceptualizations of 'hearing' in healthcare encounters between hearing aid acoustitians and patients with hearing loss  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Adult-onset hearing loss affects more than 20% of citizens in the US and in the EU. This second most frequent disability (World Health Organization 2001) is mostly due to aging and noise exposure ('sensorineural'). Although usage of hearing aids effectively increases life quality (Joore et al. 2003; Anteunis 2002), in many western countries, only 15% of those who could benefit from this technology use it, e.g. in the USA, Switzerland, and Finland (Bisgaard 2009). Technological innovation has not helped improve uptake. A longitudional interview study indicates that one barrier to hearing aid acceptance seems to lie in healthcare interactions: 88% of patients with hearing loss accessing the German healthcare system do not complete rehabilitation; the average time between first diagnosis and use of hearing aids is 8-10 years (Meis & Gabriel 2006). The present study contributes to an emering body of CA work on healthcare encounters with hearing loss which show that communication problems occur frequently between healthcare professionals and patients (e.g. Skelt 2006, Laakso 2011-2014, Ruusuvuori 2011-2014; Brouwer 2012, Heinemann et al. 2012, Egbert 2013). The presentation, based on 12 hours of naturally-occurring, video-taped audiological interactions in German, focuses on a specific communication problem which is due to an asymmetricity in "epistemic domains" (Stivers & Rossano 2010:8) in that divergences in the professional's and the patients' conceptualizations of hearing emerge and are frequently not resolved. The goal of these audiological consulations is to select and fit the best possible hearing aid for clients with hearing loss. In order to achieve this goal, audiologists routinely rely on their technological and medical knowledge, the results of a pure-tone audiogram, and the clients' subjective descriptions of hearing experiences in different environments. In these consultations, the institutional conceptualization of hearing (and thus of hearing loss) is that of an objectively measurable functioning of the ear, categorized in an audiogram by decibels and hertz. In contrast, persons with hearing loss perceive of their hearing, even during audiograms, as less precise and more varied. When asked by the audiologist about hearing experiences in different settings (e.g. dyadic conversation, multiperson interaction, telephone, outdoors, train station), the descriptions by clients are diffuse, broad, and metaphorical. Compared to visual impairment, describing hearing seems to be more difficult, and frequently, persons with hearing impairment resort to visual metaphors. A CA examination of conversational order in the areas of turn-taking, sequence, repair, topic, multimodality, and linguistic resources yields partial results for these audiological data, and including epistemics in the analysis achieves to 'grasp' the phenomenon more fully. CA research "into epistemics focuses on the knowledge claims that interactants assert, contest and defend in and through turns-at-talk and sequences of interaction” (Heritage 2013:370). Given that the audiologist and the patient frequently do not achieve a shared knowledge of the patient's hearing loss, these institutional encounters appear to be highly problematic in that the imbalance is not resolved. “(W)hen a speaker indicates that there is an imbalance of information between speaker and hearer, this indication is sufficient to motivate and warrant a sequence of interaction that will be closed when the imbalance is acknowledged as equalized for all practical purposes” (Heritage 2012: 32). The presentation concludes with connecting the interactional problems at the micro-level of direct healthcare encounters to the macro-level and globel problems of the impact of untreated hearing loss. The social repercussions are stigmatization, miscommunication, loss of work, social isolation, depression, and suicide (Carmen 2001). The financial loss per person dropping out of work due to hearing loss is estimated at 200,000 US Dollars (World Health Organization 2001). In Europe, the econmi

Egbert, Maria

154

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Retinitis Pigmentosa Guide to Eye Conditions Emotional Support Personal Stories Handling the News Help Others Understand Your ... Blog Newsletter Announcements Peer Advisors Home Emotional Support Personal Stories Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due ...

155

Occupational noise exposure and sensorineural hearing loss among workers of a steel rolling mill.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hearing loss is one of the most common chronic health conditions and has important implications for the patient's quality of life. However, hearing loss is substantially underestimated and under treated. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss among the workers in a steel rolling mill in Nigeria. Each of the 150 randomly selected subjects had a structured questionnaire administered to them, followed by a full otological examination. Of these, 116 had tympanometry and pure-tone audiometry. Also a noise mapping of their respective work units was done. The workers were exposed to noise levels varying from 49 to 93 dBA. About 28.2% of the 103 who had their audiogram analysed had mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss in their better ear and 56.8% of them had mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss in their worse ear. The pure-tone average and the average hearing thresholds at 4 kHz for the groups significantly increased with an increasing noise exposure level. The prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss among the study population is high; and noise exposure is at least contributory. Pre-employment and regular audiometry while on the job is highly recommended. PMID:16680467

Ologe, Foluwasayo E; Akande, Tanimola M; Olajide, Toye G

2006-07-01

156

High-frequency hearing loss among mobile phone users.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study is to assess high frequency hearing (above 8 kHz) loss among prolonged mobile phone users is a tertiary Referral Center. Prospective single blinded study. This is the first study that used high-frequency audiometry. The wide usage of mobile phone is so profound that we were unable to find enough non-users as a control group. Therefore we compared the non-dominant ear to the dominant ear using audiometric measurements. The study was a blinded study wherein the audiologist did not know which was the dominant ear. A total of 100 subjects were studied. Of the subjects studied 53% were males and 47% females. Mean age was 27. The left ear was dominant in 63%, 22% were dominant in the right ear and 15% did not have a preference. This study showed that there is significant loss in the dominant ear compared to the non-dominant ear (P usage mobile phone revealed high frequency hearing loss in the dominant ear (mobile phone used) compared to the non dominant ear. PMID:24533378

Velayutham, P; Govindasamy, Gopala Krishnan; Raman, R; Prepageran, N; Ng, K H

2014-01-01

157

Postnatal risk factors associated with hearing loss among high-risk preterm infants: tertiary center results from Turkey.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to determine the postnatal risk factors associated with hearing loss as well as the prevalence of hearing loss among high-risk preterm infants in newborn hearing screening (NHS). We performed a retrospective study of high-risk preterm infants born with a gestational age ?32 weeks and/or a birth weight ?1,500 g. A NHS procedure was performed by automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) and automated evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE). Infants who failed TEOAE or AABR or both tests were referred to a tertiary audiology center for diagnosis confirmation and management. Postnatal risk factors associated with hearing loss were evaluated and compared for preterm infants with and without hearing loss. 1,360 high-risk preterm infants were assessed. Permanent hearing loss was found in 19 (1.4%) infants. Multivariate analysis revealed that proven sepsis (p = 0.019), mechanical ventilation ?5 days (p = 0.024), loop diuretics (p = 0.001), patent ductus arteriosus ligation (p = 0.018) and operation for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (p = 0.034) were significant related factors for the hearing loss. This study showed a low prevalence of hearing loss and an association between operation for ROP and hearing loss in preterm infants, which has not been defined previously. Our results suggest that every neonatal intensive care unit should determine their own risk factors and take precautions to prevent hearing loss for these high-risk preterm infants. PMID:23917736

Eras, Zeynep; Konukseven, Ozlem; Aksoy, Hatice Tatar; Canpolat, Fuat Emre; Genç, Aydan; Sakrucu, Evrim Durgut; Develio?lu, Omer; Dilmen, Ugur

2014-06-01

158

[Transcultural adaptation of an instrument to evaluate hearing handicap in workers with noise-induced hearing loss].  

Science.gov (United States)

The noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a chronic and irreversible disease resulting of the exposure to noise in high levels at work. Even in the beginning, this hearing loss can damage in many degrees the worker's quality of life. Before this study, there wasn't an instrument, in Portuguese, to evaluate the psychosocial disadvantages of workers with NIHL. The aim of this research was to make a transcultural adaptation of an especific instrument to evaluate the hearing handicap from the original language to Portuguese, and check the reliability and legitimacy. The selected instrument passed by a process of semantic equivalence that was conducted in five stages: translation, back translation, critical appraisal of the versions, pre-test and a final review by a multi-professional group to develop a consensual version of the instrument for current use in Brazil. The instrument called "Inabilities Scale and Hearing Handicap" had, in general, acceptable psychometric measures, considering the little size of the sample and the fact that workers' hearing loss weren't too significant. Therefore, the Portuguese version of this instrument needs to be further tested in a representative sample of Brazilian workers with NIHL to ratify its utility in order to evaluate hearing handicap in this population. PMID:21503422

Holanda, Wanessa Tenório Gonçalves; de Lima, Maria Luiza Carvalho; Figueiroa, José Natal

2011-01-01

159

Automatic hearing loss detection system based on auditory brainstem response  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hearing loss is one of the pathologies with the highest prevalence in newborns. If it is not detected in time, it can affect the nervous system and cause problems in speech, language and cognitive development. The recommended methods for early detection are based on otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and/or auditory brainstem response (ABR). In this work, the design and implementation of an automated system based on ABR to detect hearing loss in newborns is presented. Preliminary evaluation in adults was satisfactory

160

Streptococcus suis Meningitis with Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Streptococcus suis infection is an emerging zoonosis in Asia. The most common disease manifestation is meningitis, which is often associated with hearing loss and cochleovestibular signs. S. suis infection in humans mainly occurs among risk groups that have frequent exposure to pigs or raw pork. Here, we report a case of S. suis meningitis in a 67-yr-old pig carcass handler, who presented with dizziness and sensorineural hearing loss followed by headaches. Gram-positive diplococci were isolat...

Huh, Hee Jae; Park, Kyoung-jin; Jang, Ja-hyun; Lee, Mina; Lee, Jang Ho; Ahn, Yoon Hee; Kang, Cheol-in; Ki, Chang-seok; Lee, Nam Yong

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Association between hearing loss and depressive symptoms in elderly  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Hearing loss causes difficulties in speech understanding, which leads away from the family and social environment. This isolation may be associated with depressive disorders. Type of study: clinical prospective. Objective: To determine the association between hearing loss and depression in a group of non-institutionalized elderly. Method: The sample consisted of individuals aged over 60 years, undergoing complete audiological evaluation and screening for depressive symptoms with...

Teixeira, Adriane Ribeiro; Gonc?alves, Andre?a Kru?ger; Freitas, Ci?ntia La Rocha; Soldera, Cristina Loureiro Chaves; Bo?s, Angelo Jose? Gonc?alves; Santos, Ana Maria Pujol Vieira Dos; Dornelles, Si?lvia

2010-01-01

162

Cross-modal re-organization in adults with early stage hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cortical cross-modal re-organization, or recruitment of auditory cortical areas for visual processing, has been well-documented in deafness. However, the degree of sensory deprivation necessary to induce such cortical plasticity remains unclear. We recorded visual evoked potentials (VEP) using high-density electroencephalography in nine persons with adult-onset mild-moderate hearing loss and eight normal hearing control subjects. Behavioral auditory performance was quantified using a clinical measure of speech perception-in-noise. Relative to normal hearing controls, adults with hearing loss showed significantly larger P1, N1, and P2 VEP amplitudes, decreased N1 latency, and a novel positive component (P2') following the P2 VEP. Current source density reconstruction of VEPs revealed a shift toward ventral stream processing including activation of auditory temporal cortex in hearing-impaired adults. The hearing loss group showed worse than normal speech perception performance in noise, which was strongly correlated with a decrease in the N1 VEP latency. Overall, our findings provide the first evidence that visual cross-modal re-organization not only begins in the early stages of hearing impairment, but may also be an important factor in determining behavioral outcomes for listeners with hearing loss, a finding which demands further investigation. PMID:24587400

Campbell, Julia; Sharma, Anu

2014-01-01

163

Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and labyrinthitis ossificans secondary to neurosarcoidosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To report a case of cochlear ossification as a result of neurosarcoidosis in a patient with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss. Study design Case report. Setting University teaching hospital, tertiary referral center. Patient Forty-year-old man with neurosarcoidosis and bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss. Intervention Unilateral cochlear implantation. Outcome measure Aided thresholds speech perception tests. Results Marked improvement in hearing following implant. Conclusion Patients with neurosarcoidosis are at risk of labyrinthitis ossificans. Early imaging of these patients is recommended and if early cochlear ossification is identified they should be offered rapid access to rehabilitation with a cochlear implant. PMID:25189997

Dhanjal, Hardeep; Rainsbury, James; Irving, Richard M

2014-11-01

164

Satisfaction of Hearing Aids Users With Hearing Loss of Severe and Deep Degree  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: It is necessary to analyze the efficiency of the hearing aids use, considering the necessity of enlargement and communication difficulty. Objective: To analyze the satisfaction of adults and elders, users of hearing aids with hearing loss of severe and deep degree, using a questionnaire and searching factors that can difficult the adaptation. Method: A retrospective study of 56 patients, with age group between 18 and 86 years old, hearing loss of severe and deep degree and users of HA by a program of concession of hearing aids, submitted to the questionnaire: "Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life". The global average was calculated by sub scale and by question and it was given emphasis to the questions that resulted in best and worse averages. Results: 58,9% were women and 41,1% men, about of 55% of the patients presented hearing loss of severe degree and 45% deep degree. 87,5% referred use major than 8 hours daily. The users believe that the acquisition of the hearing aid was the best option and this aid very much in the speech understanding. They feel themselves trustful and able with the sounding amplification and refer a good service by professionals of the service. The performance to the telephone was the problem found. Conclusion:It was demonstrated high degree of satisfaction in the studied population. The hearing loss degree, as well as the incompatibility of systems between telephone and telecoils and the difficulty in the placement of telephone ate factors that difficult the good performance to the telephone. The accentuated hearing loss collaborate for the hearing aid be an integral part of the daily life and essential in the aid to the communication. ACTRN12610000424000

Lessa, Alexandre Hundertmarck

2010-09-01

165

Hearing loss as an unusual consequence of metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A sixty-one year old man was referred with a history of progressive dysphagia, vomiting and weight loss with some back pain. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsies revealed a gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Despite the absence of metastatic disease on computed tomography, positron emission tomography demonstrated multiple vertebral and sternal deposits. He was reviewed in an ENT clinic with a sudden onset of hearing loss accompanied by dizziness, but no focal neurology. Magnetic resonance imaging identified bilateral 2cm lesions at the internal auditory meatus, consistent with a diagnosis of bilateral acoustic neuromas. The patient subsequently died of carcinomatosis and, because of the potential familial significance of bilateral acoustic neuromas, a limited post-mortem examination was carried out. Unexpectedly, this revealed bilateral adenocarcinoma metastases infiltrating the internal auditory meatus affecting the acoustic nerves. The authors believe this a very rare presentation of metastatic gastric disease.

CE Owers

2010-10-01

166

Prospective study of inner ear radiation dose and hearing loss in head-and-neck cancer patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

edian dose of 47.4 Gy (range, 14.1-68.8 Gy) to the ipsilateral inner ear and 4.2 Gy (range, 0.5-31.3 Gy) to the contralateral inner ear. Hearing loss was associated with the radiation dose received by the inner ear (loss of 210dB was observed in ears receiving ?45 Gy) and was most appreciable in the higher frequencies (?2000 Hz). For a 60-year-old patient with no previous hearing loss in either ear, after receiving 45 Gy, the ipsilateral ear, according to our clinical model, would have a 19.3-dB (95% confidence interval [CI], 15.5-23.0) and 5.4-dB (95% CI, 3.5-7.5) hearing decrement compared with the contralateral ear for 8000 Hz and 1000 Hz, respectively. Age and an initial hearing difference within an ear pair also affected hearing loss. The baseline hearing threshold was inversely related to radiation-induced hearing loss. The degree of hearing loss was dependent on the frequency tested, age, baseline hearing, and baseline difference in hearing between a patient's two ears. Conclusion: High-frequency (?2000 Hz) hearing acuity worsens significantly after RT in a dose-dependent fashion. A larger number of patients needs to be studied to validate these results. This knowledge can be applied to create guidelines regarding future dose limits to the auditory apparatus for patients undergoing head-and-neck RT

167

Word Recognition for Temporally and Spectrally Distorted Materials : The Effects of Age and Hearing Loss  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objectives: The purpose of Experiment 1 was to measure word recognition in younger adults with normal hearing when speech or babble was temporally or spectrally distorted. In Experiment 2, older listeners with near-normal hearing and with hearing loss (for pure tones) were tested to evaluate their susceptibility to changes in speech level and distortion types. The results across groups and listening conditions were compared to assess the extent to which the effects of the distortions on word recognition resembled the effects of age-related differences in auditory processing or pure-tone hearing loss. Design: In Experiment 1, word recognition was measured in 16 younger adults with normal hearing using Northwestern University Auditory Test No. 6 words in quiet and the Words-in-Noise test distorted by temporal jittering, spectral smearing, or combined jittering and smearing. Another 16 younger adults were evaluated in four conditions using the Words-in-Noise test in combinations of unaltered or jittered speech and unaltered or jittered babble. In Experiment 2, word recognition in quiet and in babble was measured in 72 older adults with near-normal hearing and 72 older adults with hearing loss in four conditions: unaltered, jittered, smeared, and combined jittering and smearing. Results: For the listeners in Experiment 1, word recognition was poorer in the distorted conditions compared with the unaltered condition. The signal to noise ratio at 50% correct word recognition was 4.6 dB for the unaltered condition, 6.3 dB for the jittered, 6.8 dB for the smeared, 6.9 dB for the double-jitter, and 8.2 dB for the combined jitter-smear conditions. Jittering both the babble and speech signals did not significantly reduce performance compared with jittering only the speech. In Experiment 2, the older listeners with near-normal hearing and hearing loss performed best in the unaltered condition, followed by the jitter and smear conditions, with the poorest performance in the combined jitter-smear condition in both quiet and noise. Overall, listeners with near-normal hearing performed better than listeners with hearing loss by similar to 30% in quiet and similar to 6 dB in noise. In the quiet distorted conditions, when the level of the speech was increased, performance improved for the hearing loss group, but decreased for the older group with near-normal hearing. Recognition performance of younger listeners in the jitter-smear condition and the performance of older listeners with near-normal hearing in the unaltered conditions were similar. Likewise, the performance of older listeners with near-normal hearing in the jitter-smear condition and the performance of older listeners with hearing loss in the unaltered conditions were similar. Conclusions: The present experiments advance our understanding regarding how spectral or temporal distortions of the fine structure of speech affect word recognition in older listeners with and without clinically significant hearing loss. The Speech Intelligibility Index was able to predict group differences, but not the effects of distortion. Individual differences in performance were similar across all distortion conditions with both age and hearing loss being implicated. The speech materials needed to be both spectrally and temporally distorted to mimic the effects of age-related differences in auditory processing and hearing loss.

MacDonald, Ewen

2012-01-01

168

Interaural asymmetry of hearing loss, Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ) disabilities, and handicap.  

Science.gov (United States)

A series of comparative analyses is presented between a group with relatively similar degrees of hearing loss in each ear (n = 103: symmetry group) and one with dissimilar losses (n = 50: asymmetry group). Asymmetry was defined as an interaural difference of more than 10dB in hearing levels averaged over 0.5. 1, 2 and 4kHz. Comparison was focused on self-rated disabilities as reflected in responses on the Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ). The connections between SSQ ratings and a global self-rating of handicap were also observed. The interrelationships among SSQ items for the two groups were analysed to determine how the SSQ behaves when applied to groups in whom binaural hearing is more (asymmetry) versus less compromised. As expected, spatial hearing is severely disabled in the group with asymmetry; this group is generally more disabled than the symmetry group across all SSQ domains. In the linkages with handicap, spatial hearing, especially in dynamic settings, was strongly represented in the asymmetry group, while all aspects of hearing were moderately to strongly represented in the symmetry group. Item intercorrelations showed that speech hearing is a relatively autonomous function for the symmetry group, whereas it is enmeshed with segregation, clarity and naturalness factors for the asymmetry group. Spatial functions were more independent of others in the asymmetry group. The SSQ shows promise in the assessment of outcomes in the case of bilateral versus unilateral amplification and/or implantation. PMID:15035562

Noble, William; Gatehouse, Stuart

2004-02-01

169

Temporary Hearing Loss and Rock Music.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pre- and post-exposure testing of normal-hearing secondary school students (N=20) and adult chaperones (N=7) exposed to live rock music indicated that almost all subjects experienced at least a five-decibel threshold shift, with most also reporting tinnitus. Of six subjects retested three days later, four demonstrated partial recovery. (Author/CB)

Danenberg, Mary A.; And Others

1987-01-01

170

Diversity in noise-induced temporary hearing loss in otophysine fishes  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of intense white noise (158 dB re 1 ?Pa for 12 and 24 h) on the hearing abilities of two otophysine fish species-the nonvocal goldfish Carassius auratus and the vocalizing catfish Pimelodus pictus-were investigated in relation to noise exposure duration. Hearing sensitivity was determined utilizing the auditory brainstem response (ABR) recording technique. Measurements in the frequency range between 0.2 and 4.0 kHz were conducted prior and directly after noise exposure as well as after 3, 7, and 14 days of recovery. Both species showed a significant loss of sensitivity (up to 26 dB in C. auratus and 32 dB in P. pictus) immediately after noise exposure, with the greatest hearing loss in the range of their most sensitive frequencies. Hearing loss differed between both species, and was more pronounced in the catfish. Exposure duration had no influence on hearing loss. Hearing thresholds of C. auratus recovered within three days, whereas those of P. pictus only returned to their initial values within 14 days after exposure in all but one frequency. The results indicate that hearing specialists are affected differently by noise exposure and that acoustic communication might be restricted in noisy habitats.

Amoser, Sonja; Ladich, Friedrich

2003-04-01

171

Determination of Hearing Loss Prevalence in Preschool Children of Ahwaz  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Children learn to communicate by hearing sounds. If there is hearing loss, the cognitive and speaking abilities and language learning will deteriorate. Early detection and intervention are important factors in the successful treatment of hearing loss in children. Hearing loss (HL is divided into two main groups: conductive hearing loss (CHL and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL, the prevalence of the former being higher in children, many whose causes are easy to detect and treat. Material and Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 785 children, aged 6-7 years, entering elementary school Grade 1 in the school year 2010/2011, were randomly selected from 10% of Ahwaz Hearing Loss Screening Centers, and their audiograms were studied. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS and descriptive statistics. Results: Out of the 785 preschool children examined in this study, 77 children (9.8% suffered from HL (42.9% female and 57.1% male, 59.7% from CHL, and 40.3% from SNHL. Twenty-six percent suffered from bilateral HL and 74% from unilateral HL. Thirty-eight point ninety-six percent had abnormal tympanometry, 61% of whom were Type B. Most of the children (53% had mild HL. Thirty-one point two percent of parents were aware of their children's HL. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of HL, especially SNHL, in this study, which is usually permanent but detectable at the neonatal ages, raising public awareness and early screening of ear diseases, which can lead to the detection and treatment in most cases, seem to be vital.

Mozafar Sarafraz

2011-03-01

172

Occupational hearing loss: tonal audiometry X high frequencies audiometry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Studies on the occupational exposure show that noise has been reaching a large part of the working population around the world, and NIHL (noise-induced hearing loss) is the second most frequent disease of the hearing system. Objective: To review the audiometry results of employees at the campus of the University of São Paulo, Bauru. Method: 40 audiometry results were analyzed between 2007 and 2008, whose ages comprised between 32 and 59 years, of both sexes and several professi...

Lauris, Jose? Roberto Pereira; Basso, Talita Costa; Marinelli, E?rica Juliana Innocenti; Otubo, Karina Aki; Lopes, Andre?a Cintra

2009-01-01

173

Hair Color and Hearing Loss: A Survey in a Group of Military Men  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: It has been shown that low levels of pigmentation increase susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in humans. For this reason, white populations develop more pronounced noise- induced hearing loss in comparison to black populations. Similarly, blue-eyed individuals exhibit greater temporary threshold shift than brown-eyed subjects; still, no strong correlation has been verified between the lightness of hair color and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss. This study was performed with the purpose of investigating a possible association between hair color and the degree of hearing loss due to firing noise. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: A tertiary referral center with an accredited otorhinolaryngology-head & neck surgery department.   Materials and Methods: A total of 57 military recruits were divided into two groups; light-colored (blond and light brown and dark-colored hair (dark brown and black. The two groups were matched based on history of firing noise exposure (number of rounds; type of weapon and the level of hearing loss at 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 kHz sound frequencies was compared between them.   Results: The results showed that the mean level of hearing loss of light-colored hair individuals (20.5±17dB was significantly greater than that of dark-haired subjects (13.5±11dB, (P=0.023.   Conclusion: The results indicate that hair color (blond versus black can be used as an index for predicting susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in military environments. Therefore, based on the individual's hair color, upgraded hearing conservation programs are highly recommended.

Rahman Movahhed

2011-01-01

174

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and delayed complete sudden spontaneous recovery.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a case report of a 53-yr-old female who experienced sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) accompanied by roaring tinnitus in her right ear. The patient's hearing partially improved in the low frequencies in response to intratympanic injections. Given that her hearing loss did not improve further, the patient was fitted with a hearing aid to mask the tinnitus and restore a sense of balance between the two ears. Approximately 9 mo postonset of the SSNHL, a complete spontaneous recovery of hearing occurred. Such a delayed and complete recovery is highly unusual. This case highlights that the spontaneous recovery in hearing indicates that the pathological cause for the SSNHL involved a process that was capable of repair or regeneration, thus ruling out pathologies related to cochlear hair cell destruction or nerve fiber loss. This leaves a possibility that the event causing the onset of the SSNHL resulted in a disruption of the ion homeostatic properties of the cochlea via the production of the endocochlear potential. PMID:22463938

Ortmann, Amanda J; Neely, J Gail

2012-04-01

175

Hearing loss in otitis media with effusion- types and management- a study of hundred cases  

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Full Text Available Introduction- Serous Ottis media or otitis media with effusion is a common cause of hearing loss of acute onset. The common presentation will be a block or reduced hearing possible after a travel or flight. Most of the cases present with conductive hearing loss while some may present with mixed or even pure sensory hearing loss. Background- we study hundred patients diagnosed with serous otitis media for the type of hearing loss and characterize the management strategy. Conclusion- Serous otitis media is a common cause of hearing loss which is mostly conductive and is amenable to treatment while some rare cases which may persist may require assistive hearing with amplification. Although sensorineral hearing loss is rare in otitis media, it is seen in practice along with mixed hearing loss. The pathophysiology of the neural affection of hearing loss remains a mystery although many theories exist.

Sriram Nathan

2012-01-01

176

Perda auditiva induzida pelo ruído em trabalhadores de metalúrgica / Noise induced hearing loss in metallurgical workers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: A perda auditiva induzida pelo ruído é uma patologia insidiosa cumulativa, que cresce ao longo dos anos de exposição ao ruído associado ao ambiente de trabalho. Objetivos: Identificar e quantificar a ocorrência de alterações auditivas sugestivas de Perda Auditiva Induzida pelo Ruído e os [...] principais sintomas otorrinolaringológicos referidos pelos trabalhadores. Forma de estudo: prospectivo clínico randomizado. Casuística e métodos: Pesquisa realizada no período de janeiro a março de 2000 com 187 trabalhadores de indústria metalúrgica no município de Goiânia, avaliados por médicos otorrinolaringologistas através de roteiro de entrevista e audiometria ocupacional. Resultados: Foram obtidas audiometrias ocupacionais sendo: 21% sugestivas de PAIR, 72%, normais e 7%, sugestivas de outras doenças auditivas. Os sintomas auditivos mais freqüentes foram: dificuldade de compreensão da fala, 12%; hipoacusia, 7%; tinitus, 13%; sensação de plenitude auricular, 4%; otorreia, 6%; tonturas, 12%. Conclusão: Concluímos que em metalúrgica há ocorrência de alterações auditivas sugestivas de Perda Auditiva Induzida pelo Ruído e queixa de sintomas otorrinolaringológicos significativos. Abstract in english Introduction: Noise induced hearing loss is a cumulative pathological disease that increases over the years with exposure to noise associated with the work atmosphere. Objectives: To identify and quantify the occurrence of hearing loss suggestive of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) and the principl [...] e otolaryngological symptoms referred to by workers. Study design: prospective clinical randomized. Material and method: Research was carried out from January to March of 2000 with 187 metallurgical workers in the city of Goiânia, who were evaluated by otolaryngologists by means of a combination of interviews and occupational hearing exams. Results: Occupational hearing tests results were: 21% suggestive of NIHL, 72% normal, and 7% suggestive of other hearing impairments. The most frequent hearing symptoms were: difficulty of comprehension in speaking 12%, Hearing loss 7%, Tinnitus 13%, Auricular fullness feeling 4%, Effusion 6%, and Dizziness 12%. Conclusion: We concluded that in metallurgist exists an occurrence of hearing loss suggestive of NIHL and complaints of significant otolaryngological symptoms.

Simone Adad, Araújo.

2002-05-13

177

Ophthalmic disturbances in children with sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Co-incidence of sensorineural hearing loss and ophthalmic abnormalities has a tremendous influence on development of children. This study was done to determine the nature and prevalence of ophthalmic disturbances in children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss. In a descriptive cross-sectional study, complete ophthalmologic examinations such as assessment of visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, ocular motility examination, slit lamp examination and indirect funduscopy on 50 children with sensorineural hearing loss (determined by ABR), were performed. Thirty-two percent of cases had at least one kind of ophthalmic disturbances. Refractive errors were the most common abnormalities (28%), including astigmatism (12%), myopia and astigmatism (8%), and hyperopia (8%). Three (6%) cases had ocular motility disturbance including one case of esotropia, one case of exophoria and one case of exotropia. Twenty-four percent of cases had retinal abnormalities, including suspected Rubella retinopathy (6%), pigmentary changes suspect to retinitis pigmentosa (4%), optic nerve hypoplasia (4%), and finally poor fovea reflex (10%). PMID:18839196

Bakhshaee, Mehdi; Banaee, Toka; Ghasemi, Mohammad Mehdi; Nourizadeh, Navid; Shojaee, Behnam; Shahriari, Sara; Tayarani, Hamid Reza

2009-06-01

178

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND Whether hearing loss is independently associated with accelerated cognitive decline in older adults is unknown. METHODS We studied 1984 older adults (mean age, 77.4 years) enrolled in the Health ABC Study, a prospective observational study begun in 1997-1998. Our baseline cohort consisted of participants without prevalent cognitive impairment (Modified Mini-Mental State Examination [3MS] score, ?80) who underwent audiometric testing in year 5. Participants were followed up for 6 years. Hearing was defined at baseline using a pure-tone average of thresholds at 0.5 to 4 kHz in the better-hearing ear. Cognitive testing was performed in years 5, 8, 10, and 11 and consisted of the 3MS (measuring global function) and the Digit Symbol Substitution test (measuring executive function). Incident cognitive impairment was defined as a 3MS score of less than 80 or a decline in 3MS score of more than 5 points from baseline. Mixed-effects regression and Cox proportional hazards regression models were adjusted for demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS In total, 1162 individuals with baseline hearing loss (pure-tone average >25 dB) had annual rates of decline in 3MS and Digit Symbol Substitution test scores that were 41% and 32% greater, respectively, than those among individuals with normal hearing. On the 3MS, the annual score changes were -0.65 (95% CI, -0.73 to -0.56) vs -0.46 (95% CI, -0.55 to -0.36) points per year (P = .004). On the Digit Symbol Substitution test, the annual score changes were -0.83 (95% CI, -0.94 to -0.73) vs -0.63 (95% CI, -0.75 to -0.51) points per year (P = .02). Compared to those with normal hearing, individuals with hearing loss at baseline had a 24% (hazard ratio, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.05-1.48) increased risk for incident cognitive impairment. Rates of cognitive decline and the risk for incident cognitive impairment were linearly associated with the severity of an individual's baseline hearing loss. CONCLUSIONS Hearing loss is independently associated with accelerated cognitive decline and incident cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older adults. Further studies are needed to investigate what the mechanistic basis of this association is and whether hearing rehabilitative interventions could affect cognitive decline. PMID:23337978

Lin, Frank R; Yaffe, Kristine; Xia, Jin; Xue, Qian-Li; Harris, Tamara B; Purchase-Helzner, Elizabeth; Satterfield, Suzanne; Ayonayon, Hilsa N; Ferrucci, Luigi; Simonsick, Eleanor M

2013-02-25

179

Sensorineural hearing loss after concurrent chemoradiotherapy in nasopharyngeal cancer patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL is one of the major long term side effects from radiation therapy (RT in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC patients. This study aims to review the incidences of SNHL when treating with different radiation techniques. The additional objective is to determine the relationship of the SNHL with the radiation doses delivered to the inner ear. Methods A retrospective cohort study of 134 individual ears from 68 NPC patients, treated with conventional RT and IMRT in combination with chemotherapy from 2004-2008 was performed. Dosimetric data of the cochlea were analyzed. Significant SNHL was defined as > 15 dB increase in bone conduction threshold at 4 kHz and PTA (pure tone average of 0.5, 1, 2 kHz. Relative risk (RR was used to determine the associated factors with the hearing threshold changes at 4 kHz and PTA. Results Median audiological follow up time was 14 months. The incidence of high frequency (4 kHz SNHL was 44% for the whole group (48.75% in the conventional RT, 37% with IMRT. Internal auditory canal mean dose of > 50 Gy had shown a trend to increase the risk of high frequency SNHL (RR 2.02 with 95% CI 1.01-4.03, p = 0.047. Conclusion IMRT and radiation dose limitation to the inner ear appeared to decrease SNHL.

Thongyai Kanthong

2011-02-01

180

Hearing loss in the elderly: History of occupational noise exposure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Noise exposure is one of the most common health risk factors, and workers are exposed to sound pressure levels capable of producing hearing loss. AIM: To assess the prevalence of hearing loss in the elderly and its possible association with a history of occupational noise exposure and [...] with sex. METHODS: A prospective study in subjects aged over 60 years. The subjects underwent anamnesis and audiological assessment. The Mann-Whitney test and multiple logistic regression, with 95% confidence interval and p

Caroline Luiz, Meneses-Barriviera; Juliana Jandre, Melo; Luciana Lozza de Moraes, Marchiori.

 
 
 
 
181

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman sought help for an progressive eight-year diminished sense of hearing, which developed with vertigo and left-side tinnitus. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of Neuropathology.

Bãâ¶ker, Dieter-Karsten; Hãâ¼gens-Penzel, Monika; Kuchelmeister, Klaus; Schachenmayr, Walter; Winking, Michael

2008-04-25

182

Intratympanic injection of dexamethasone for treatment of tinnitus in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of intratympanic dexamethasone injections as a treatment for severe tinnitus in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL. We studied 37 patients who received intratympanic dexamethasone injections and 14 control patients who did not receive it, with severe tinnitus after onset of unilateral sudden SNHL. Hearing level did not change during this study in any patient. The relationship between the duration of tinnitus and effectiveness of treatment was investigated in sudden SNHL. We used a visual analogue scale to evaluate 51 patients with severe tinnitus at the stage of stable hearing level after idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Forty-one per cent of patients showed significant improvement after treatment. The average period between onset of sudden sensorineural hearing loss and initiation of intratympanic dexamethasone injection was significantly shorter (207 days in the improved group than in the unchanged group (482 days (P<0.001. In control group, one of 14 patients presented significant improvement spontaneously. Intratympanic dexamethasone treatment may be effective in treatment of severe tinnitus after sudden SNHL at the stage of stable hearing level, and the shorter the period from onset of sudden deafness to the start of intratympanic dexamethasone treatment, the greater the improvement in tinnitus that can be expected.

Tsutomu Nakashima

2012-01-01

183

Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. Objective: Check the sensitivity and specificities of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect different degrees of hearing impairments in the studied people. Method: Retrospective study with 51 individuals aged between 18 and 88, who filled out the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S questionnaires at the waiting room of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS's otorhinolaryngology infirmary. Results: The instruments showed a low sensitivity (47%, not identifying individuals with a hearing loss; however, they showed a high specificity (75%, accurately identifying individuals with no hearing disorder. Moreover, no significant association between the degree of hearing loss and the constraint degree for participation was found. Conclusion: the aforementioned questionnaires revealed a low sensitivity and a high specificity, proving to be ineffective for auditory screenings in a group with previous hearing complaints in addition to being unable to detect different types and degrees of hearing impairment.

Menegotto, Isabela Hoffmeister

2011-07-01

184

Frequency of ear symptoms and hearing loss in ichthyosis: a pilot survey study.  

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Ichthyoses comprise a heterogeneous array of skin conditions resulting from impairment of cornification. Although ear structures can be affected, ear-related symptoms have never been investigated in patients with ichthyosis. In this pilot survey study, our aim was to determine the frequency of ear symptoms, hearing loss, and related medical interventions in patients with ichthyosis. Our secondary aim was to compare the frequency of these items according to age group. An online survey using Redcap was developed and posted online on the Foundation for Ichthyosis and Related Skin Types website for 6 months. Patients or parents of patients with ichthyosis were asked to complete the survey. Data analysis excluded patients with keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome and surveys that had fewer than two completed items. One hundred thirty-five unique surveys were used for data analysis. Of all participants, 80% reported ear pruritus, 66% reported trouble hearing, 29% reported frequent ear pain, 28% had abnormal hearing test results, and 16% had used hearing aids. Of the 88 participants who reported trouble hearing, 24 (27.3%) had never been to a hearing specialist. Significantly more participants older than 18 years of age (74%, 57/77) reported trouble hearing than participants age 18 years and younger (53%, 31/58; p = 0.02). The frequencies of other ear symptoms and hearing loss were not statistically significantly different between the age groups. Ear pruritus, ear pain, and hearing loss are important concerns in patients with all forms of ichthyosis in all age groups. Early diagnosis and intervention may improve the quality of life of patients with ichthyosis. PMID:24601965

Huang, Jennifer T; Mallon, Kaitlin; Hamill, Shannon; Ohlms, Laurie A; Liang, Marilyn G

2014-01-01

185

Mechanism study of laser cochleostomy-induced early hearing loss in a rat model.  

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Hearing loss following laser-assisted ear surgery has been reported. However, the mechanism responsible for the hearing loss remains largely speculative. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between laser-induced hearing loss and changes in the number of hair cell ribbon synapses and ultrastructure in the cochlea. Laser cochleostomy was performed with a superpulsed carbon dioxide (CO2) laser at 2 and 5 W in Sprague-Dawley rats. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were measured preoperatively and 2 days after surgery. The synapse numbers in apical and middle cochlear turns were quantified. Transmission electron microscopy was employed to further examine the subcellular changes in the cochlea. Click and tonal ABR threshold shifts in both 2 and 5-W groups displayed a frequency-dependent loss within the frequency range measured. Laser cochleostomy induced a significant decrease of synapse numbers in the middle turn in both groups (p?hearing loss even under low-energy laser cochleostomy. The high-energy laser-induced hearing loss was associated with more reduction of synapse number. PMID:23912777

Ye, Qing; Geng, Yang; Zhang, Xian-Zeng; Chen, Wen-Lie; Tian, Tian-Jie; Xie, Shu-Sen; Huang, Zheng

2014-03-01

186

The More the Worse: the Grade of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Associates with the Severity of Tinnitus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tinnitus disturbs lives and negatively affects the quality of life of about 2% of the adult world population. Research has shown that the main cause of tinnitus is hearing loss. To analyze a possible association of the degree of hearing loss with the severity of tinnitus, we have performed a retrospective study using admission data on 531 patients suffering from chronic tinnitus. We have found that 83% of our tinnitus patients had a high frequency hearing loss corresponding to a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL. There was a significant correlation between the mean hearing loss and the tinnitus loudness (p < 0.0001. Interestingly, patients suffering from decompensated chronic tinnitus had a greater degree of hearing loss than the patients with compensated form of tinnitus. In addition, we demonstrate that the degree of hearing loss positively correlates with the two subscales (“intrusiveness” and “auditory perceptional difficulties” of the Tinnitus Questionnaire. Our retrospective study provides indirect evidence supporting the hypothesis that the degree of noise-induced hearing loss influences the severity of tinnitus.

Agnieszka J. Szczepek

2010-08-01

187

Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with Occupational Noise Exposure: Effects of Age-Corrections  

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Full Text Available Noise-induced permanent threshold shifts (NIPTS were computed from retrospective audiometric analyses by subtracting aging effects on hearing sensitivity in sixty-eight patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who reported significant occupational noise exposure histories. There were significant effects of age on NIPTS but no significant gender- or ear- differences in terms of NIPTS. The NIPTS at 2,000 Hz was found to be significantly greater than NIPTS at frequencies 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz, 4,000 Hz, and 8,000 Hz. Defined noise notches were seen in the audiograms of 38/136 (27% ears with SNHL. Results support models that suggest interactive effects of aging and noise on sensorineural hearing loss in ears with occupational noise exposure.

2009-02-01

188

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: The Question of Perilymph Fistula.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perilymph fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the fluid-containing spaces of the inner ear and the air-containing spaces of the temporal bone that can cause hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness, vertigo, and postural instability. Diagnosis of PLF and management of those with presumed PLF are discussed. (Contains extensive…

Backous, Douglas D.; Niparko, John K.

1997-01-01

189

Genetic Variation Linked to Age-Related Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

... 59 percent in people 85 and older. Many older people find it difficult to adapt to hearing loss; this can result in communication difficulties at work and at home, leading to psychological problems, isolation and depression. Reference: Newman DL, et al. GRM7 ...

190

Professional Preparation: Developing Language in Children with Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with hearing loss are increasingly being identified at an early age and receiving family-centered intervention from infancy. This means that they are more likely to follow typical developmental sequences of learning. Therefore, professionals working with them need to be aware of developments in the scholarly literature that drive…

Muma, John; Perigoe, Christina

2010-01-01

191

Sensory Temporal Processing in Adults with Early Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined tactile and visual temporal processing in adults with early loss of hearing. The tactile task consisted of punctate stimulations that were delivered to one or both hands by a mechanical tactile stimulator. Pairs of light emitting diodes were presented on a display for visual stimulation. Responses consisted of YES or NO…

Heming, Joanne E.; Brown, Lenora N.

2005-01-01

192

Auditory Function and Hearing Loss in Children and Adults with Williams Syndrome: Cochlear Impairment in Individuals with Otherwise Normal Hearing  

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Hearing loss is common in school-age individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and extensive in adults. Prior studies with relatively small sample sizes suggest that hearing loss in WS has an early onset and may be progressive, yet the auditory phenotype and the scope of the hearing loss have not been adequately characterized. We used standard audiometric tools: Otoscopy, tympanometry, air-conduction (bone conduction when available) behavioral testing, and distortion product otoacoustic emissio...

Marler, Jeffrey A.; Sitcovsky, Jessica L.; Mervis, Carolyn B.; Kistler, Doris J.; Wightman, Frederic L.

2010-01-01

193

Systemic steroid reduces long-term hearing loss in experimental pneumococcal meningitis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Sensorineural hearing loss is a common complication of pneumococcal meningitis. Treatment with corticosteroids reduces inflammatory response and may thereby reduce hearing loss. However, both experimental studies and clinical trials investigating the effect of corticosteroids on hearing loss have generated conflicting results. The objective of the present study was to determine whether systemic steroid treatment had an effect on hearing loss and cochlear damage in a rat model of pneumococcal meningitis.

WorsØe, Lise; Brandt, Christian T

2010-01-01

194

Contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the endolymphatic sac in patients with sudden hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our objective was to evaluate the frequency of contrast enhancement of the endolymphatic sac in patients with sudden hearing loss. Forty consecutive patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (20 males and 20 females; age range 11-82 years), 40 age-matched control subjects, and 5 patients with Meniere's disease were examined using the same imaging protocol on a 1.5-T MR system. Pre- and post-contrast-enhanced T1-weighted 3D spoiled gradient-echo sequence (3D SPGR; TR/TE=23/10 ms, no. of excitations=1, flip angle=30 ) images were obtained using a voxel size of 0.6 x 0.7 x 0.8 mm3. Contrast enhancement in the area of the endolymphatic sac was assessed by two radiologists, and the frequency of contrast enhancement was compared between the three study groups. Enhancement of the ipsilateral endolymphatic sac was observed in 30 of the 40 patients with sudden hearing loss (75%). Twenty of these 30 patients also showed enhancement on the contralateral side, and 1 patient showed enhancement only on the contralateral side. Only 1 of the 5 patients with Meniere's disease showed enhancement. Nine of the 40 control subjects (22.5%) showed enhancement (bilateral enhancement in 5 subjects, unilateral in 4). The frequency of enhancement in patients with sudden hearing loss was significantly higher than that in control subjects (P<0.0001) or patients with Meniere's disease (P<0.05). The frequency of contrast enhancement of the endolymphatic sac is significantly increased in patients with sudden hearing loss, but further study is necessary to clarify the relationship between this finding and the pathophysiology of sudden hearing loss. (orig.)

195

Contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the endolymphatic sac in patients with sudden hearing loss  

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Our objective was to evaluate the frequency of contrast enhancement of the endolymphatic sac in patients with sudden hearing loss. Forty consecutive patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (20 males and 20 females; age range 11-82 years), 40 age-matched control subjects, and 5 patients with Meniere's disease were examined using the same imaging protocol on a 1.5-T MR system. Pre- and post-contrast-enhanced T1-weighted 3D spoiled gradient-echo sequence (3D SPGR; TR/TE=23/10 ms, no. of excitations=1, flip angle=30 ) images were obtained using a voxel size of 0.6 x 0.7 x 0.8 mm{sup 3}. Contrast enhancement in the area of the endolymphatic sac was assessed by two radiologists, and the frequency of contrast enhancement was compared between the three study groups. Enhancement of the ipsilateral endolymphatic sac was observed in 30 of the 40 patients with sudden hearing loss (75%). Twenty of these 30 patients also showed enhancement on the contralateral side, and 1 patient showed enhancement only on the contralateral side. Only 1 of the 5 patients with Meniere's disease showed enhancement. Nine of the 40 control subjects (22.5%) showed enhancement (bilateral enhancement in 5 subjects, unilateral in 4). The frequency of enhancement in patients with sudden hearing loss was significantly higher than that in control subjects (P<0.0001) or patients with Meniere's disease (P<0.05). The frequency of contrast enhancement of the endolymphatic sac is significantly increased in patients with sudden hearing loss, but further study is necessary to clarify the relationship between this finding and the pathophysiology of sudden hearing loss. (orig.)

Naganawa, Shinji; Koshikawa, Tokiko; Fukatsu, Hiroshi; Ishigaki, Takeo [Department of Radiology, Nagoya University School of Medicine (Japan); Nakashima, Tsutomu [Department of Otolayngology, Nagoya University School of Medicine (Japan); Ichinose, Nobuyasu [Toshiba Nasu Operations, Tochigi (Japan)

2002-05-01

196

Prevalence and degree of hearing loss among males in Beaver Dam cohort: Comparison of veterans and nonveterans  

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Full Text Available The Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (EHLS conducted in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, was a population-based study that focused on the prevalence of hearing loss among 3,753 participants between 1993 and 1995. This article reports the results of several auditory measures from 999 veteran and 590 nonveteran males 48 to 92 years of age included in the EHLS. The auditory measures included pure tone thresholds, tympanometry and acoustic reflexes, word recognition in quiet and in competing message, and the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly-Screening (HHIE-S version. Hearing loss in the auditory domains of pure tone thresholds, word recognition in quiet, and word recognition in competing message increased with age but were not significantly different for the veterans and nonveterans. No significant differences were found between participant groups on the HHIE-S; however, regarding hearing aid usage, mixed differences were found.

David M. Nondahl, MS

2010-08-01

197

Children with Permanent Hearing Loss and Associated Disabilities: Revisiting Current Epidemiological Data and Causes of Deafness  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews current epidemiological studies estimating the prevalence and incidence of permanent hearing loss in children. In particular, it addresses trends in ages of onset of hearing loss and causes. Studies estimating the number of children with hearing loss and additional special needs in various countries are presented, as well as…

Picard, Michel

2004-01-01

198

Sensory neural hearing loss after concurrent cisplatin and radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sensory neural hearing loss (SNHL) was evaluated in the patients who were treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Ten from 48 ears showed persistent SNHL. Radiotherapy techniques, radiation dose to inner ear and post-treatment otitis media were significant predicting factors for SNHL

199

Therapy of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. A review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature on therapy of Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (ISSHL) is reviewed. Clinical trails are judged on comparativeness, internal and external validity. It is concluded that steroids are only treatment available with a significant beneficial effect on ISSHL. Recommendations are made with regard to a well designed clinical trail on the treatment of ISSHL. PMID:8669277

Stokroos, R J; Albers, F W

1996-01-01

200

Developmental plasticity of spatial hearing following asymmetric hearing loss: context-dependent cue integration and its clinical implications  

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Full Text Available Under normal hearing conditions, comparisons of the sounds reaching each ear are critical for accurate sound localization. Asymmetric hearing loss should therefore degrade spatial hearing and has become an important experimental tool for probing the plasticity of the auditory system, both during development and adulthood. In clinical populations, hearing loss affecting one ear more than the other is commonly associated with otitis media with effusion, a disorder experienced by approximately 80% of children before the age of two. Asymmetric hearing may also arise in other clinical situations, such as after unilateral cochlear implantation. Here, we consider the role played by spatial cue integration in sound localization under normal acoustical conditions. We then review evidence for adaptive changes in spatial hearing following a developmental hearing loss in one ear, and argue that adaptation may be achieved either by learning a new relationship between the altered cues and directions in space or by changing the way different cues are integrated in the brain. We next consider developmental plasticity as a source of vulnerability, describing maladaptive effects of asymmetric hearing loss that persist even when normal hearing is provided. We also examine the extent to which the consequences of asymmetric hearing loss depend upon its timing and duration. Although much of the experimental literature has focused on the effects of a stable unilateral hearing loss, some of the most common hearing impairments experienced by children tend to fluctuate over time. We therefore argue that there is a need to bridge this gap by investigating the effects of recurring hearing loss during development, and outline recent steps in this direction. We conclude by arguing that this work points toward a more nuanced view of developmental plasticity, in which plasticity may be selectively expressed in response to specific sensory contexts, and consider the clinical implications of this.

AndrewJKing

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
201

Hearing Assistive Technology Considerations for Older Individuals With Dual Sensory Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on the current state of the science related to audiologic rehabilitation of individuals with dual sensory impairment, with an emphasis on considerations for provision of appropriate hearing assistive technology for this population. A substantial increase in the number of older adults is predicted in the coming years, many of whom will have significant age-related impairments in hearing and vision. Thus, hearing care professionals will be called on increasingly to attend to the special needs of people with dual sensory impairment to ensure maximal quality of life and independence for these individuals. Access to sound is critical for individuals who live with compromises in both vision and hearing. Hearing assistive technology may improve not only their speech perception but also their connection and orientation to the environment, as well as enable greater mobility. Thus, the audiologist's provision of appropriate and carefully selected hearing assistive technology may contribute dramatically to the quality of life of the individual with dual sensory loss. Prefitting, fitting, and postfitting considerations in providing hearing aids and other assistive technology to individuals with dual sensory impairment are reviewed. PMID:18080391

Kricos, Patricia B.

2007-01-01

202

Assessing parental attitudes toward genetic testing for childhood hearing loss: before and after genetic consultation.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on the development of a Genetic Attitude Assessment Tool (GAAT) to measure parental attitudes in contemplating genetic testing for childhood hearing loss, and to examine the differences in assessments made before and after genetic counseling. The GAAT tool was administered to a convenient sample of 119 parents of children with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. The respondents completed the survey either before (n = 77) or after (n = 42) genetic counseling. Exploratory Factor Analysis was applied to identify and quantify the underlying psychosocial structure. Our results showed the validated 54-item GAAT instrument contains six subscales: (1) "test intention," (2) "beliefs in non-genetic causes of hearing loss," (3) "deferral of decision to undergo genetic testing," (4) "appropriate use of genetic testing results," (5) "beliefs in the benefits," and (6) "concerns about stigma." The respondents who answered the survey after genetic counseling had higher "test intention" (P = 0.017) and endorsed to a greater extent "beliefs in the benefits" (P < 0.001). They believed to a lesser extent that childhood hearing loss was due to "non-genetic causes" (P < 0.001) and were less inclined to prefer "decision deferral" (P = 0.031). Respondents who themselves had a hearing loss expressed a significantly weaker belief in "non-genetic causes" of hearing loss (P < 0.0001). In conclusion the validated GAAT instrument is responsive to changes in parental attitudes after genetic counseling. The GAAT may be used to monitor parental attitudes serially, to further understand how parental attitudes change from pre genetic counseling, post genetic counseling, to post test result disclosure. PMID:17542006

Li, Yuelin; Steinberg, Annie G; Bain, Lisa; Yaeger, Dinah; Bieler, Ari; Ewing, Rachel; Kaimal, Girija; Krantz, Ian

2007-07-15

203

Symmetric sensorineural progressive hearing loss from chronic idiopathic pachymeningitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present the case of a 68 year-old man with a diffused hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) involving both internal auditory canals. The clinical symptoms were headache, decreased vision in one eye, progressive bilateral and symmetrical sensory-neural hearing loss (PSNHL) responsive to steroid treatment. Although hearing loss is a frequent manifestation of HP, only few studies reported an adequate audiological assessment and follow-up. Mechanisms related to the auditory involvement are discussed on the basis of audiological data. Gadolinium enhanced MRI is the most adequate technique for HP detection and for the differential diagnosis. A delay in the diagnosis of HP seems to be quite common and the consequences may be severe, especially in cases of optic nerve involvement. For these reasons, a cerebral MRI should probably be included in the assessment of PSNHL, especially when neurological signs coexist or are reported in the medical history. PMID:17365062

Bovo, Roberto; Berto, Anna; Palma, Silvia; Ceruti, Stefano; Martini, Alessandro

2007-02-01

204

MR imaging of 495 consecutive cases with sensorineural hearing loss  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

495 consecutive patients with SNHL and 120 age-matched healthy controls were examined. Spin-echo (SE) and fast spin-echo (FSE) images were used with 1.5 T equipment. An intracranial abnormality was found in 211 (42.6%) of the patients with 95 (19.2%) along the acoustic pathway. Eleven of the 95 patients had sensory hearing loss while 84 had neural hearing loss with the retrocochlear auditory pathway affected by lesions. In 62 of the 84 patients, the internal acoustic canal and cerebellopontine angle were involved. Twenty-two patients had intra-axial lesions. The controls had no pathologic changes along the auditory pathway. (orig./UG)

205

MR imaging of 495 consecutive cases with sensorineural hearing loss  

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495 consecutive patients with SNHL and 120 age-matched healthy controls were examined. Spin-echo (SE) and fast spin-echo (FSE) images were used with 1.5 T equipment. An intracranial abnormality was found in 211 (42.6%) of the patients with 95 (19.2%) along the acoustic pathway. Eleven of the 95 patients had sensory hearing loss while 84 had neural hearing loss with the retrocochlear auditory pathway affected by lesions. In 62 of the 84 patients, the internal acoustic canal and cerebellopontine angle were involved. Twenty-two patients had intra-axial lesions. The controls had no pathologic changes along the auditory pathway. (orig./UG).

Wu, W. [Univ. Hospital, Linkoeping (Sweden). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology]|[China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing (China); Thuomas, K.AA. [Univ. Hospital, Linkoeping (Sweden). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology

1995-11-01

206

A new disease: pregnancy-induced sudden sensorineural hearing loss?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) may occur during pregnancy, but its prevalence is very low. It is conjectured that SSNHL is closely related to the changes in the cardiovascular system, hematological system, endocrine system, and/or some other systems due to pregnancy. These changes possibly evoke disorders of cochlear circulation or cochlear fluid homeostasis leading to SSNHL. Two SSNHL cases were observed in our clinic, and their clinical features were analyzed. In one patient the SSNHL was likely to be related to the disturbance of cochlear fluid homestasis and in the other it might be induced by some disorders in cochlear circulation. Based on their distinct clinic profiles, we defined a new disease, called "pregnancy-induced sudden sensorineural hearing loss," similar to the definition of "pregnancy-induced hypertension." This study also deepened our understanding of the etiology of SSNHL. PMID:21426273

Hou, Zhi-Qiang; Wang, Qiu-Ju

2011-07-01

207

Effects of potential neurotoxic pesticides on hearing loss: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several pesticides are supposed to be neurotoxic for humans, consequently, they may also affect the auditory system. This review analyzes human and experimental animal studies testing the hypothesis that exposure to pesticides is associated with hearing loss. The literature on this topic is still sparse and methodological limitations of some papers evaluated are identified. As a whole, available data indicate a possible ototoxic action of pesticides, but alternative hypotheses could not be ruled out, also considering some confounders, such as the co-exposure to noise. Therefore, further studies are necessary in order to clarify the association between pesticides exposure and hearing loss. While awaiting more evidence, for precautionary action we recommend considering pesticides as possible ototoxic agents, in particular for vulnerable targets, such as pregnant women and children during early development. PMID:24704267

Gatto, M P; Fioretti, M; Fabrizi, G; Gherardi, M; Strafella, E; Santarelli, L

2014-05-01

208

Creatine and Tempol attenuate noise-induced hearing loss  

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To define the role of free radical formation and potential energy depletion in noise induced hearing loss (NIHL), we measured the effectiveness of tempol (free radical scavenger) and creatine (enhances cellular energy storage) alone and in combination to attenuate NIHL. Guinea pigs were divided into four treatment groups: controls, 3 % creatine diet (2 weeks prior to noise exposure), tempol (3 mM in drinking water 2 weeks prior to exposure), and creatine plus tempol and exposed to 120 dB SPL ...

Minami, Shujiro B.; Yamashita, Daisuke; Ogawa, Kaoru; Schacht, Jochen; Miller, Josef M.

2007-01-01

209

Sonar-induced temporary hearing loss in dolphins  

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There is increasing concern that human-produced ocean noise is adversely affecting marine mammals, as several recent cetacean mass strandings may have been caused by animals' interactions with naval ‘mid-frequency’ sonar. However, it has yet to be empirically demonstrated how sonar could induce these strandings or cause physiological effects. In controlled experimental studies, we show that mid-frequency sonar can induce temporary hearing loss in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)....

Mooney, T. Aran; Nachtigall, Paul E.; Vlachos, Stephanie

2009-01-01

210

Autoinflation for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion.  

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BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2006.Otitis media with effusion (OME) or 'glue ear' is an accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, in the absence of acute inflammation or infection. It is the commonest cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood and the usual reason for insertion of 'grommets'. Potential treatments include decongestants, mucolytics, steroids, antihistamines and antibiotics. Autoinflation devices have been ...

Perera, R.; Glasziou, Pp; Heneghan, Cj; Mclellan, J.; Williamson, I.

2013-01-01

211

Brain-stem auditory evoked responses during microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia: Predicting post-operative hearing loss  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The importance of brainstem auditory evoked potential monitoring in reducing hearing loss during microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia is now accepted. However the extent of the changes in the pattern of these potentials and the safe limits to which these changes are relevant in reducing postoperative hearing loss have not been established. Aims: The aim of this study is to quantify these changes and relate these to the postoperative hearing loss. Settings and Design: This study was done at the Walton Centre for neurology and neurosurgery, Liverpool, United Kingdom. The study was designed to give a measure of the change in the wave pattern following microvascular decompression and relate it to postoperative hearing loss. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five patients undergoing microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia had preoperative and postoperative hearing assessments and intraoperative brainstem auditory evoked potential monitoring. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square tests. Results: It was found that the wave V latency was increased by more than 0.9ms in nine patients, eight of whom suffered significant postoperative hearing loss as demonstrated by audiometry. It was also seen that progressive decrease in amplitude of wave V showed progressive hearing loss with 25% loss when amplitude fell by 50 and 100% loss when wave V was lost completely. However most of the patients did not have a clinically manifest hearing loss. Conclusions: A per-operative increase in the latency of wave V greater than 0.9 ms and a fall of amplitude of wave V of more than 50% indicates a risk to hearing.

Ramnarayan Ramachandran

2006-01-01

212

Proinflammatory cytokine IL-1 ? polymorphisms in sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

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The cause and pathogenesis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) remain unknown. IL-1? is one of the most powerful inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between interleukin-1 ? (IL-1?) gene polymorphisms (-511 C/T and +3953 C/T) in patients with SSNHL. One hundred two patients affected by SSNHL and 595 controls were genotyped for IL-1? gene polymorphisms. The polymorphisms were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA fragment separation via electrophoresis. Compared to controls, the IL-1? (+3953) T allele increased the relative risk of SSNHL in subjects with IL-1? (-511) TT genotype (p = 0.022, OR = 9.111, 95% CI = 1.441-57.618). In this study, polymorphisms in the IL-1? -511 and IL-1? +3953 loci were assessed for evidence of association with SSNHL. From this assessment, a significant difference in carriage of both the IL-1? -511 T allele and the IL-1? +3953 T allele was observed between SSNHL and controls. This suggests that the IL-1? -511 and +3953 loci may play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of SSNHL. PMID:23013363

Um, Jae-Young; Jang, Chul-Ho; Kim, Hye-Lin; Cho, Young-Bum; Park, Jinbong; Lee, Seung Joo; Kim, Yoon Bum; Kim, Hyun-Ju; Ahn, Kwang Seok; Jang, Hyeung-Jin; Lee, Seok-Geun; Lee, Hyejung; Lee, Kang-Min; Kim, Su-Jin; Hong, Seung-Heon

2013-02-01

213

Candidate genes of cerebrovascular disease and sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Auditory dysfunction is related to large/small vessel occlusions and hemorrhage. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) frequently occurs with anterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion proximal to the internal auditory artery. Moreover, SSNHL has various pathogenetic mechanisms, the main proposed mechanisms being vascular disease, membrane ruptures, infection, and autoimmunity. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important cytokine in the inflammation process of cerebrovascular diseases. In the current study, the possible effects of polymorphisms in TNF-alpha and TNF-beta genes on SSNHL are evaluated. Two genetic polymorphisms in the TNF locus (TNF-alpha -308 G - ->A and TNF-beta +252 A - ->G) were investigated as risk factors for SSNHL by determining their prevalence in 97 SSNHL patients and in 587 controls. A significant increase was found for the TNF-beta allele 1 in SSNHL patients compared with the controls (chi( 2) = 7.251, P = .007, odds ratio [OR] = 1.534, confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-2.10). These findings suggest that the TNF-beta +252 locus plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of SSNHL. PMID:19833626

Um, Jae-Young; Jang, Chul-Ho; Kim, Kyu-Yeob; Kim, Su-Jin; Kim, Na-Hyung; Moon, Phil-Dong; Choi, In-Young; Myung, Noh-Yil; Jeong, Hyun-Ja; Hong, Seung-Heon; Kim, Hyung-Min

2010-10-01

214

Enlarged vestibular aqueduct in congenital non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss in egypt.  

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To estimate the frequency of isolated enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) in patients with non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in an Egyptian population sample and to correlate its size with the degree of hearing loss. The study group comprised 16 patients (32 ears) suffering from non-syndromic SNHL since childhood. After a complete basic audiological evaluation, all patients were submitted to non contrast CT scan of the petrous bone in both axial & coronal planes. Vestibular aqueduct (VA) was measured at two points (midpoint & operculum) on right & left sides. The study group was divided according to VA size into three groups: group A, B and C. Group A included 6 ears (4 patients) with EVA, group B included 11 ears (7 patients) with borderline EVA and group C included 15 ears (9 patients) with normal VA size. There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups as regards laterality, degree of hearing loss and audiometric configuration. There was no correlation between VA midpoint & operculum and different variables (age and average pure tone thresholds). However, a significant correlation between VA midpoint & operculum was found. EVA was diagnosed in 6 out of 32 ears (18.75%) in the study sample. EVA size was not related to the degree of hearing loss or configuration. Despite the insignificant findings, moderate and high frequency sloping SNHL were considered the most common findings seen in patients with EVA. PMID:24533365

Abou-Elew, Maha; El-Khousht, Mostafa; El-Minawi, Mohamed Sherif; Selim, Mona; Kamel, Ayman Ismail

2014-01-01

215

Auditory function and hearing loss in children and adults with Williams syndrome: cochlear impairment in individuals with otherwise normal hearing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hearing loss is common in school-age individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and extensive in adults. Prior studies with relatively small sample sizes suggest that hearing loss in WS has an early onset and may be progressive, yet the auditory phenotype and the scope of the hearing loss have not been adequately characterized. We used standard audiometric tools: Otoscopy, tympanometry, air-conduction (bone conduction when available) behavioral testing, and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) to measure hearing sensitivity and outer hair cell function. We tested 81 individuals with WS aged 5.33-59.50 years. Sixty-three percent of the school-age and 92% of the adult participants had mild to moderately-severe hearing loss. The hearing loss in at least 50% was sensorineural. DPOAE testing corroborated behavioral results. Strikingly, 12 of 14 participants with hearing within normal limits bilaterally had 4,000-Hz DPOAE input/output (DPOAE IO) functions indicative of outer hair cell damage and impaired cochlear compression. Our results indicate that hearing loss is very common in WS. Furthermore, individuals with WS who have "normal" hearing as defined by behavioral thresholds may actually have sub-clinical impairments or undetected cochlear pathology. Our findings suggest outer hair cell dysfunction in otherwise normal hearing individuals. The DPOAE IO in this same group revealed growth functions typically seen in groups with noise-induced damage. Given this pattern of findings, individuals with WS may be at increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss. Recommendations regarding audiological testing for individuals with WS and accommodations for these individuals in both academic and nonacademic settings are provided. PMID:20425785

Marler, Jeffrey A; Sitcovsky, Jessica L; Mervis, Carolyn B; Kistler, Doris J; Wightman, Frederic L

2010-05-15

216

Early age conductive hearing loss causes audiogenic seizure and hyperacusis behavior.  

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Recent clinical reports found a high incidence of recurrent otitis media in children suffering hyperacusis, a marked intolerance to an otherwise ordinary environmental sound. However, it is unclear whether the conductive hearing loss caused by otitis media in early age will affect sound tolerance later in life. Thus, we have tested the effects of tympanic membrane (TM) damage at an early age on sound perception development in rats. Two weeks after the TM perforation, more than 80% of the rats showed audiogenic seizure (AGS) when exposed to loud sound (120 dB SPL white noise, TM damage, even the hearing loss recovered. The TM damaged rats also showed significantly enhanced acoustic startle responses compared to the rats without TM damage. These results suggest that early age conductive hearing loss may cause an impaired sound tolerance during development. In addition, the AGS can be suppressed by the treatment of vigabatrin, acute injections (250 mg/kg) or oral intakes (60 mg/kg/day for 7 days), an antiepileptic drug that inhibits the catabolism of GABA. c-Fos staining showed a strong staining in the inferior colliculus (IC) in the TM damaged rats, not in the control rats, after exposed to loud sound, indicating a hyper-excitability in the IC during AGS. These results indicate that early age conductive hearing loss can impair sound tolerance by reducing GABA inhibition in the IC, which may be related to hyperacusis seen in children with otitis media. PMID:21872651

Sun, Wei; Manohar, Senthilvelan; Jayaram, Aditi; Kumaraguru, Anand; Fu, Qiang; Li, Ji; Allman, Brian

2011-12-01

217

Effects of cigarette smoking on the evolution of hearing loss caused by industrial noise  

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Full Text Available The few studies evaluating the changes caused by cigarette smoking on hearing loss induced by occupational exposure to noise have reached discordant conclusions. The aim of this study is to investigate the interactions between cigarette smoking and occupational exposure to noise as risk factors in the onset and development of hearing loss. The study was performed on a sample of 557 shipyard workers exposed to noise at an Equivalent Level (Leq of 93 dBA. On the basis of their smoking habits, they were divided into three groups: group (A, non-smokers; group (B, smokers (15-30 cigarettes per day; and group (C, heavy smokers (over 30 cigarettes per day. The study focussed on the audiometric responses of the subjects at the frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 Hz. The results were then compared using statistical techniquees (Internal correlation coefficient, exponential model, ANCOVA, NPC test. Comparison of the audiometric responses showed statistically significant differences between the three groups. Non-parametric analysis, performed using the NPC test, highlighted that the interaction between smoking and exposure to noise has an influence on hearing loss at all frequencies, and particularly at high frequencies (3000-4000 Hz. The data obtained from the examined sample show that smoking and exposure to noise cause an increase in occupational hearing loss and that this is directly related to the number of cigarettes smoked.

Abbate Carmelo

2010-10-01

218

Severe progressive sensorineural hearing loss improved after removal of large jugular foramen schwannoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a very rare case of hearing improvement after removal of the intracranial part of a jugular foramen schwannoma (JFS) presenting with chronic and severe progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The patient presented with progressive hearing impairment in his right ear, lasting 2 years. The patient's pure tone audiogram revealed severe SNHL. His speech discrimination score (SDS) was 0%. Auditory-evoked brain responses (ABRs) comprised only I waves following 30-100dB stimulation, although distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) had good responses. These test results indicated that his hearing impairment was retrocochlear SNHL. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed within the right jugular foramen a large intracranial-extracranial tumor that compressed the brainstem. The intracranial part of the tumor was resected through retrosigmoidal craniotomy, and the tumor was pathologically diagnosed as a schwannoma. Several months after the operation, the patient's auditory thresholds improved to a level consistent with mild SNHL, ABR V waves emerged following 60-90dB stimulation, and SDS improved significantly to 95%. This case demonstrates that hearing improvement can be achieved after surgery for JFS presenting with severe and chronic progressive SNHL, and that good DPOAE responses and the presence of ABR I waves may be predictors of postoperative hearing recovery in JFS. PMID:20971588

Oishi, Naoki; Kohno, Naoyuki; Shiokawa, Yoshiaki

2011-06-01

219

Combined effect of smoking and occupational exposure to noise on hearing loss in steel factory workers  

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Background: Evidence has accumulated concerning the adverse effects of smoking on hearing acuity, but it is not clear whether smoking modifies the association between exposure to noise and hearing loss.

Mizoue, T.; Miyamoto, T.; Shimizu, T.

2003-01-01

220

The Effect of Stimulus Bandwidth on Perception of Fricative /s/ among Individuals with Different Degrees of Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available Most of the speech sounds that contribute to speech intelligibility are dominated by high-frequency components. The phoneme /s/ is the third or fourth most frequently occurring phoneme in the English language and second most frequently occurring consonantal phoneme in Hindi language. Given the importance of the phoneme /s/, it is ironic that, this sound contains the highest frequency acoustic elements of any speech sound in English and most of the non-English languages ranging from 4500 Hz to more than 8000 Hz. The most common type of hearing impairment affecting speech perception is high-frequency sensorineural loss (SN and such individuals require good high frequency audibility in order to better perceive fricative cues, regardless of hearing status. While many studies appear to support the general notion that high-frequency amplification may not always be beneficial, the inter-subject variability in most studies precludes a clearly defined rule that would distinguish listeners who are likely to benefit from high-frequency amplification from those who are not. The current study is aimed to determine and compare the effective bandwidth required for the perception of fricative /s/ in individuals with normal hearing and hearing impairment as a function of degree of hearing loss. A total of 100 Hindi speaking subjects equally divided into four groups (Group I: Normal hearing, Group II: Moderate SN hearing loss, Group III: Moderately severe SN hearing loss, Group IV: Severe SN hearing loss participated in the study. Nonsense syllables containing the phonemes /s/, /f/, /?/ and /c/ in /i/ vowel context and low pass filtered at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 KHz produced by a female talker were used as stimulus. The results revealed that there was a statistically significant effect (p<0.05 of bandwidth for the perception /s/ between different groups at 1 KHz, 2 KHz, 3 KHz, 4 KHz, 5 KHz, 6 KHz, 7 KHz and 8 KHz and no significant effect (p>0.05 was seen at 9 KHz between groups. In addition, individuals with normal hearing required lower bandwidth for accurate fricative perception and there was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05 in mean bandwidth between groups. Among the hearing impaired group, as the degree of hearing loss increased the subjects required higher bandwidth for accurate perception of fricative. This study has important implications in knowing the effective bandwidth required for the perception of high frequency speech sounds among individuals with hearing loss on individual basis which in turn helps in the selection of appropriate rehabilitative devices.

Neha Yadav

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

Research on Relationship Model of Social Adaptation,Social Support and Life Satisfaction of Tibetan Hearing Loss Children  

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Full Text Available The paper takes 230 Tibetan hearing loss children sample to research on relationship model of social adaptation, social support and life satisfaction of Tibetan hearing loss children by hearing disabled children’s social adaptive behavior, social support assessment scale and life satisfaction rating scale. Results present that there be significant positive relationship between social support and social adaptation, between social adaptation and life satisfaction. Further more, the social support doesn’t affect on life satisfaction rating, but through the social adaptation as intermediary affect on life satisfaction.

SHEN Ren-hong

2014-03-01

222

Mechanisms of hearing loss after blast injury to the ear.  

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Given the frequent use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) around the world, the study of traumatic blast injuries is of increasing interest. The ear is the most common organ affected by blast injury because it is the body's most sensitive pressure transducer. We fabricated a blast chamber to re-create blast profiles similar to that of IEDs and used it to develop a reproducible mouse model to study blast-induced hearing loss. The tympanic membrane was perforated in all mice after blast exposure and found to heal spontaneously. Micro-computed tomography demonstrated no evidence for middle ear or otic capsule injuries; however, the healed tympanic membrane was thickened. Auditory brainstem response and distortion product otoacoustic emission threshold shifts were found to be correlated with blast intensity. As well, these threshold shifts were larger than those found in control mice that underwent surgical perforation of their tympanic membranes, indicating cochlear trauma. Histological studies one week and three months after the blast demonstrated no disruption or damage to the intra-cochlear membranes. However, there was loss of outer hair cells (OHCs) within the basal turn of the cochlea and decreased spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) and afferent nerve synapses. Using our mouse model that recapitulates human IED exposure, our results identify that the mechanisms underlying blast-induced hearing loss does not include gross membranous rupture as is commonly believed. Instead, there is both OHC and SGN loss that produce auditory dysfunction. PMID:23840874

Cho, Sung-Il; Gao, Simon S; Xia, Anping; Wang, Rosalie; Salles, Felipe T; Raphael, Patrick D; Abaya, Homer; Wachtel, Jacqueline; Baek, Jongmin; Jacobs, David; Rasband, Matthew N; Oghalai, John S

2013-01-01

223

Pure-tone audiograms and hearing loss in the white whale (Delphinapterus leucas)  

Science.gov (United States)

A behavioral response paradigm was used to measure pure-tone audiograms for two white whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Tests were conducted over a 20 month period at the Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium, in Tacoma, Washington. Subjects consisted of two males, aged 8-10 and 9-11 during the course of the study. Subjects were born in an oceanarium and had been housed together for all of their lives. Hearing thresholds were measured using a modified up/down staircase procedure and acoustic response paradigm where subjects were trained to whistle in response to hearing test tones and to remain quiet otherwise. Test frequencies ranged from approximately 2 to 130 kHz. Best sensitivities ranged from 40 to 50 dB re: 1 Pa. Both subjects had traditional U-shaped mammalian audiograms; however, one subject exhibited significant high-frequency hearing loss, above approximately 37 kHz. The experimental setup and procedure will be presented and the measured hearing thresholds compared to those previously measured in white whales. The potential role of ototoxic antibiotics in the observed hearing loss will be discussed. [Work supported by ONR Marine Mammal S&T Program and the U.S. Navy CNO(N45).

Finneran, James J.; Carder, Donald A.; Dear, Randall; Belting, Traci; Ridgway, Sam H.

2003-10-01

224

Quantification of autonomic regulation in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have proposed varying causes for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), including vascular occlusion, ruptured inner ear membrane, acoustic tumours and circulatory disturbances in the inner ear. The objective of this study was to characterise the autonomic regulation in 19 SSNHL patients in comparison to 19 healthy age-gender matched normal-hearing control subjects (CON) in order to improve the diagnostics of vascular caused hearing loss in SSNHL patients. A high-resolution short-term electrocardiogram (ECG) and the continuous noninvasive blood pressure signal were simultaneously recorded under resting conditions (30min). Linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate- and blood pressure variability (HRV, BPV) were calculated to characterise autonomic regulation. The results showed that HRV analysis did not produce significantly different results between SSNHL and CON, whereas linear and nonlinear BPV indices showed significant differences between both groups (pSSNHL patients when compared to CON subjects, based on continuous blood pressure analysis. This was characterised by reduced variability, complexity and dynamics of blood pressure time series in SSNHL. These findings may contribute to an improved classification of the controversially discussed causes of SSNHL and, in addition, may lead to improved diagnostic strategies for a subgroup of SSNHL patients whose hearing loss is caused by cardiovascular factors. PMID:23491325

Schulz, Steffen; Ritter, Julia; Oertel, Katrin; Witt, Katharina; Bär, Karl-Jürgen; Guntinas-Lichius, Orlando; Voss, Andreas

2013-11-01

225

Predictors of hearing loss in school entrants in a developing country  

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Full Text Available Background: Hearing loss is a prevalent and significant disability that impairs functional development and educational attainment of school children in developing countries. Lack of a simple and practical screening protocol often deters routine and systematic hearing screening at school entry. Aim: To identify predictors of hearing loss for a practical screening model in school-aged children. Settings and Design: Community-based, retrospective case-control study of school entrants in an inner city. Methods: Results from the audiologic and non-audiologic examination of 50 hearing impaired children in randomly selected mainstream schools were compared with those of a control group of 150 normal hearing children, matched for age and sex from the same population. The non-audiologic evaluation consisted of medical history, general physical examination, anthropometry, motor skills, intelligence and visual acuity while the audiologic assessment consisted of otoscopy, audiometry and tympanometry. Statistical Analysis: Multiple logistic regression analysis of significant variables derived from univariate analysis incorporating student t-test and chi-square. Results: Besides parental literacy (OR:0.3; 95% CI:0.16-0.68, non-audiologic variables showed no association with hearing loss. In contrast, most audiologic indicators, enlarged nasal turbinate (OR:3.3; 95% CI:0.98-11.31, debris or foreign bodies in the ear canal (OR:5.4; 95% CI:1.0-36.03, impacted cerumen (OR:6.2; 95% CI:2.12-14.33, dull tympanic membrane (OR:2.2; 95% CI:1.10-4.46, perforated ear drum (OR:24.3; 95% CI:2.93-1100.17 and otitis media with effusion OME (OR:14.2; 95% CI:6.22-33.09, were associated with hearing loss. However, only parental literacy (OR:0.3; 95% CI:0.16-0.69, impacted cerumen (OR:4.0; 95% CI:1.66-9.43 and OME (OR:11.0; 95% CI:4.74-25.62 emerged as predictors. Conclusion: Selective screening based on the identification of impacted cerumen and OME will facilitate the detection of a significant proportion of hearing impaired school entrants.

Olusanya Bola

2004-07-01

226

Single-sided deafness & directional hearing: contribution of spectral cues and high-frequency hearing loss in the hearing ear  

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Full Text Available Direction-specific interactions of sound waves with the head, torso and pinna provide unique spectral-shape cues that are used for the localization of sounds in the vertical plane, whereas horizontal sound localization is based primarily on the processing of binaural acoustic differences in arrival time (interaural time differences, or ITDs and sound level (interaural level differences, or ILDs. Because the binaural sound-localization cues are absent in listeners with total single-sided deafness (SSD, their ability to localize sound is heavily impaired. However, some studies have reported that SSD listeners are able, to some extent, to localize sound sources in azimuth, although the underlying mechanisms used for localization are unclear. To investigate whether SSD listeners rely on monaural pinna-induced spectral-shape cues of their hearing ear for directional hearing, we investigated localization performance for low-pass filtered (LP, 3 kHz and broadband (BB, 0.5 – 20 kHz noises in the two-dimensional frontal hemifield. We tested whether localization performance of SSD listeners further deteriorated when the pinna cavities of their hearing ear were filled with a mold that disrupted their spectral-shape cues. To remove the potential use of perceived sound level as an invalid azimuth cue, we randomly varied stimulus presentation levels over a broad range (45-65 dB SPL. Several listeners with SSD could localize HP and BB sound sources in the horizontal plane, but inter-subject variability was considerable. Localization performance of these listeners strongly reduced after diminishing of their spectral pinna-cues. We further show that inter-subject variability of SSD can be explained to a large extent by the severity of high-frequency hearing loss in their hearing ear.

MartijnJohannes HermanusAgterberg

2014-07-01

227

Internet Interventions for Hearing Loss : Examing rehabilitation, self-report measures and internet use for hearing-aid users  

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In the future, audiological rehabilitation of adults with hearing loss will be more available, personalized and thorough due to the possibilities offered by the internet. By using the internet as a platform it is also possible to perform the process of rehabilitation in a cost-effective way. With tailored online rehabilitation programs containing topics such as communication strategies, hearing tactics and how to handle hearing aids it might be possible to foster behavioral changes that will ...

Sundewall Thore?n, Elisabet

2014-01-01

228

A Study of the Combined Use of a Hearing Aid and Tactual Aid in an Adult with Profound Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the benefits of the combined used of a hearing aid and tactual aid to supplement lip-reading in the reception of speech and for the recognition of environmental sounds in an adult with profound hearing loss. Speech conditions included lip-reading alone (L), lip-reading + tactual aid (L+TA) lip-reading + hearing aid (L+HA) and…

Reed, Charlotte M.; Delhorne, Lorraine A.

2006-01-01

229

A potential therapeutic method for conductive hearing loss in growing children-orthodontic expansion treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Conductive hearing loss, the second most common type of hearing loss, happens when there is a problem transmitting sound waves into inner ear, which will bring a lot of inconvenience to the patient in life and put the impaired person at a competitive disadvantage. Although conductive hearing loss could be relieved by hearing aids, the inconvenience of using these removable aids or the surgery trauma of the implanted ones should not be overlooked. Transversal maxillary deficiency and high palatal arches are often found in patients with conductive hearing loss. Some researchers have reported that there is close relationship between the maxillary contraction and hearing damage. Luckily, rapid maxillary expansion (RME) has been proved to be an effective treatment method for the transversal maxillary deficiency in clinical orthodontics for more than 40 years. Thus, we hypothesized that RME treatment would be a potential therapeutic method for conductive hearing loss in growing children with maxillary constriction. PMID:19692184

Zhang, Qi-feng; Guo, Jing; Li, Gui-feng; Zou, Shujuan; Zhao, Zhihe

2010-01-01

230

[The audiological phenotype and the prevalence of GJB2-related sensorineural loss of hearing in the infants suffering acoustic disturbances].  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the present work was to study specific features of the audiological phenotype and the prevalence of GJB2-related sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in the infants suffering acoustic disturbances. The study included 264 children with bilateral non-syndromic sensorineural loss of hearing diagnosed during the first year of life by means of detailed audiological examination that included tympanometry, registration of short-latency auditory action potentials (SLAAP), delayed evoked otoacoustic emission (DEOAE), distortion product-frequency otoacoustic emission (DPFOAE), and auditory brain-stem response (ABR). In addition, stationary acoustically evoked responses (SAER) were recorded in 38 children presenting with hearing impairment associated with GJB2-related sensorineural loss of hearing. The follow-up dynamic study involved 113 children subjected to repeated audiological examination. The study revealed the genotype with pathological mutations in 182 (69.0%) children including 171 (64.8%) ones with biallelic mutations and 11 (4.2%) with a single mutation (heterozygous genotype). Eighty two (31.0%) children had genotype without mutations. A total of 21 different mutations and 30 different genotypes were identified. Analysis of the family histories of the children showed that neither the absence of relatives suffering from hearing impairment nor the presence of risk factors of acquired hearing impairment excludes the possibility of GJB2-related sensorineural loss of hearing in the infants. Otoacoustic emission fails to be registered in the majority of the children with the altered genotype (87%) during the stay in the maternity house. Mutations in the GJB2 gene are most frequently diagnosed in the patients with the moderate, moderately severe, and severe loss of hearing. At the same time, almost half of the infants presenting with the mild loss of hearing were found to exhibit changes in the GJB2 gene. The thresholds of registration of short-latency auditory action potentials remain stable in 90.0% of the children presenting with GJB2-related sensorineural loss of hearing which makes it possible to choose the strategy of their rehabilitative treatment (the use of hearing aids or cochlear implantation) during the very first months of life and predict the favourable outcome of cochlear implantation and hearing aid measures. The results of the present work illustrate the importance and practical significance of genetic studies (GJB2 gene tresting) of the infants suffering sensorineural loss of hearing and other acoustic disturbances for the elucidation of etiology of these conditions, prognosis of the disease, and the choice of the strategy for its treatment. PMID:24781170

Lalaiants, M R; Markova, T G; Bakhshinian, V V; Bliznets, E A; Poliakov, A V; Tavartikiladze, G A

2014-01-01

231

Application of the TEN test to hearing-impaired teenagers with severe-to-profound hearing loss.  

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Hearing impairment is often associated with damage to the hair cells of the cochlea. An area of the cochlea with complete loss of function of inner hair cells is known as a 'dead region'. Dead regions can be identified by measuring detection thresholds for pure tones in quiet and in threshold-equalizing noise (TEN). So far, the TEN test has only been used to identify dead regions in adults with moderate-to-severe hearing impairment. The aim of this study was to assess problems in applying the TEN test to teenagers with longstanding severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing impairment, and to assess the prevalence of dead regions in this population. The subjects had a mean age of 14 years, and there were 13 females and 20 males. The stimuli for the TEN test were derived from a CD, whose output was routed via a GSI-16 audiometer and an amplifier to Sennheiser HD580 earphones. For each ear of each subject, both absolute thresholds and masked thresholds in the TEN were measured. For the majority of ears, the results were in-conclusive at some frequencies, due to the maximum output of the audiometer being reached when measuring the absolute or masked threshold. In almost all cases, the diagnosis was uncertain at some frequencies because the TEN could not be made sufficiently intense to produce significant masking. However, for 23 (70%) subjects, the criteria for a dead region at medium or high frequencies were met in at least one ear. For eight (35%) of these subjects, the criteria were only just met. Sixteen of the 24 subjects with a congenital hearing impairment, and four of the five subjects with an acquired impairment, met the criteria for a dead region. The results suggest that dead regions are relatively common among teenagers with a longstanding hearing impairment. PMID:14658854

Moore, Brian C J; Killen, Terri; Munro, Kevin J

2003-12-01

232

SENSORY HEARING LOSS IN CHILDREN WITH MUMPS INFECTION  

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Full Text Available Objective:Mumps infection is endemic in Iran and mumps parotiditis is acommon disease in Iranian children. There has been a dramaticdecrease in the worldwide incidence of mumps since the introductionand use in 1968 of the very effective and inexpensive mumps vaccine.In Iran probably due to a higher percentage of unvaccinated youngpersons <15yr, the incidence rate of mumps infection and its sequelaare higher in comparison to corresponding data from developedcountries prior to comprehensive vaccination programs. The aim ofthe study was to investigate the effects of the mumps virus on cochlearfunction and to determine the frequency of related Sensory NeuralHearing Loss (SNHL in children.Material& Methods:This descriptive case-series study was conducted in 94children, agedless than 14 years, hospitalized between 1999 and 2001, in thepediatric ward of the Hazrat Rasool Hospital in Tehran. All patientswith documented mumps infection (specific mumps-IgM antibodywere evaluated twice for audiometeric function on the basis ofdiagnostic parameters for sensory neural hearing loss; the first evaluationwas done on admission and the second three weeks later. 54 patients(age range 1-14y, mean age 4.83±3.93, male: female ratio30:24were studied in two years.Results:The highest incidence of mumps was seen in winter (37% and spring(28% and the lowest in summer (13%. Specific IgM antibody formumps virus was detected in 74 children. Comprehensive audiologicevaluation was done in 54 patients at admission and again 3 weekslater. SNHL was detected in 7.2% of patients; the 4.4% incidence ofSNHL in this study was higher than in other studies in developedcountries prior to comprehensive vaccination programs.Conclusion:Implementation of comprehensive vaccination programs in youngIranians could dramatically reduce the burden and costs imposed bythe infection and its sequelae.Keywords: Mumps infection ;SNLH(sensorineural hearing loss;Mumpsvaccination

S. Noorbaksh

2006-10-01

233

Can Noise in Dental Clinic Produce Hearing Loss?  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The sensorial hearing loss and irreversible noise induced is the major evitable occupational cause of hearing loss worldwide. The dentists are health professionals exposed to noises from equipment in their clinics and may suffer hearing losses. Objective: Measure the noise intensities emitted by the high rotation motors (mar used in public and private dental clinics, check whether they are harmful for the human ear and compare the results obtained in such services. Method: Serial, retrospective study with measures of the noise intensities in dBNA with a decibelimeter Minipa MSL-1352C, USA, in four dental clinics of the public service and four private clinics in Jundiaí-SP, initially from the basal environment noise in each clinic, during five minutes and then from the noise emitted by the high rotation motor (mar in operation during five minutes to obtain the averages. Results:Public clinics: 1basal medium=56.4dB;mar=77.2dB. 2basal medium=61.7dB;mar=73.7dB. 3basal medium=61.07dB;mar=75.04dB. 4basal medium=63.6dB;mar=77.3dB. Private clinics: 1basal medium=60,7dB;mar=79,1dB. 2basal=60,7dB;mar=83,1dB. 3basal=58,4dB;mar=75,5dB. 4basal=63dB;mar=76dB. Conclusion: The intensities measured of noise emitted by high rotation motors used in public and private dental clinics are below the limits harmful to the auditory health. In the public service, the basal medium noise intensity is higher than that of the private clinics, however the one of the high rotation motors is higher in the private clinics.

Lourenço, Edmir Américo

2011-01-01

234

Interaction of smoking and occupational noise exposure on hearing loss: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Noise is the most common hazardous agent at workplaces. Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL has been known since the industrial revolution. Although NIHL is permanent, irreversible and frequent, it is preventable. The economic costs of NIHL have been estimated to be about billions of dollars. Besides, cigarette smoking is a common habit worldwide, and according to some recent studies smoking and noise may act in common causal pathways for hearing loss. Methods A cross-sectional study was designed to study the effect of smoking on NIHL in 206 male smoker workers and 206 male non-smoker workers in a large food-producing factory, in which workers were exposed to noise levels exceeding 85dBA. To determine noise exposure level, we used sound level measurements reported by industrial hygienists. A qualified audiologist assessed hearing acuity by using standardized audiometric procedures assuring at least 14 h of noise avoidance. Results We observed that the percentage of workers with hearing threshold differences of greater than or equal to 30 dB between 4000 Hz and 1000 Hz in both ears were 49.5% and 11.2% in smoker and non smoker groups, respectively (Odds ratio = 7.8, 95% CI = 4.7 – 13, and the percentage of workers with a hearing threshold of greater than 25dB at 4000 Hz in the better ear were 63.6% and 18.4% in smoker and non smoker groups, respectively. This difference was statistically significant after adjustment for age and exposure duration. Conclusion It can be concluded that smoking can accelerate noise induced hearing loss, but more research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms. Accurate follow up of smoker workers who are exposed to noise levels exceeding 85 dBA is suggested. Smokers should periodically attend educational courses on "smoking cessation", especially in noisy workplaces.

Mohammadi Saber

2007-07-01

235

Occupational hearing loss: tonal audiometry X high frequencies audiometry  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Studies on the occupational exposure show that noise has been reaching a large part of the working population around the world, and NIHL (noise-induced hearing loss is the second most frequent disease of the hearing system. Objective: To review the audiometry results of employees at the campus of the University of São Paulo, Bauru. Method: 40 audiometry results were analyzed between 2007 and 2008, whose ages comprised between 32 and 59 years, of both sexes and several professions: gardeners, maintenance technicians, drivers etc. The participants were divided into 2 groups: those with tonal thresholds within acceptable thresholds and those who presented auditory thresholds alterations, that is tonal thresholds below 25 dB (NA in any frequency (Administrative Rule no. 19 of the Ministry of Labor 1998. In addition to the Conventional Audiologic Evaluation (250Hz to 8.000Hz we also carried out High Frequencies Audiometry (9000Hz, 10000Hz, 11200Hz, 12500Hz, 14000Hz and 16000Hz. Results: According to the classification proposed by FIORINI (1994, 25.0% (N=10 they presented with NIHL suggestive audiometric configurations. The results of high frequencies Audiometry confirmed worse thresholds than those obtained in the conventional audiometry in the 2 groups evaluated. Conclusion: The use of high frequencies audiometry proved to be an important register as a hearing alteration early detection method.

Lauris, José Roberto Pereira

2009-09-01

236

Hearing Loss in Workers Exposed to Toluene and Noise  

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In this study we investigated the risk of hearing loss among workers exposed to both toluene and noise. We recruited 58 workers at an adhesive materials manufacturing plant who were exposured to both toluene and noise [78.6–87.1 A-weighted decibels; dB(A)], 58 workers exposed to noise only [83.5–90.1 dB(A)], and 58 administrative clerks [67.9–72.6 dB(A)] at the same company. We interviewed participants to obtain sociodemographic and employment information and performed...

Chang, Shu-ju; Chen, Chiou-jong; Lien, Chih-hui; Sung, Fung-chang

2006-01-01

237

Screening infants for hearing loss--an economic evaluation.  

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STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to carry out an economic evaluation of the programme implemented in one district health authority for the screening of infants for hearing loss. DESIGN--The approach taken was a cost-effectiveness analysis using the methodology of decision analysis to model the options appraised: (1) the conventional screening policy was for a health visitor and colleague to screen at 8-9 months, and at 10 months for each child to be seen again by a clinical medical officer for a ...

Brown, J.

1992-01-01

238

Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective:The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran.Methods:A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg and audiometric variables was recorded.Findings:Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5% had normal hearing and 10 (3.5% sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion.Conclusion:We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity.

Abolhassan Faramarzi

2010-09-01

239

Frequency of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Major Beta-Thalassemias in Southern Iran  

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Full Text Available Objective:The thalassemias are among the most common genetic disorders worldwide, occurring more frequently in the Mediterranean region. The aim of this study was to determined frequency of sensory-neural hearing loss in major ß- thalassemias transfusion dependent patients in south of Iran. Methods:A cross sectional study on 308 cases of major beta-thalassemia patients referring to Thalassemia Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between 2006-2007 years. The diagnosis of ß- thalassemia major was based on clinical history, complete blood count and hemoglobine electrophoresis. Clinical data such as serum ferritin level, deferoxamine (DFO dose, mean daily doses of DFO (mg/kg and audiometric variables was recorded. Findings:Out of 308 cases, 283 (96.5% had normal hearing and 10 (3.5% sensorineural hearing loss. There was no statically significant difference between two groups regarding mean age, weight, age at the first blood transfusion, age at the first DFO infusion. Conclusion:We found the lowest incidence of sensorineural hearing loss in a large population of patients suffered from major thalassemia who received DFO. We show that DFO is not ototoxic at a low dose. When considering all related literature, as a whole there has been much critical misrepresentation about DFO ototoxicity.

Seyed-Taghi Heydari

2010-09-01

240

A pilot study of telepractice delivery for teaching listening and spoken language to children with hearing loss.  

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Telemedicine ("telepractice") allows improved access to specialised early intervention services such as Auditory-Verbal Therapy (AVT) for children with hearing loss. We investigated the effectiveness of a tele-AVT programme (eAVT) in the spoken language development of a group of young children with hearing loss. In a retrospective study we compared the language outcomes of children with bilateral hearing loss receiving eAVT with a control group who received therapy In Person. Seven children in each group (mean age 2.4 years) were matched on pre-amplification hearing level for the better hearing ear, age at optimal amplification and enrolment in the AVT programme. The eAVT sessions were conducted via Skype. Results on the Preschool Language Scale-4 were compared at 2 years post optimal amplification. There were no significant differences in language scores between the two groups. Language scores for the children in the eAVT group were within the normal range for children with normal hearing. The results suggest that early intervention AVT via telepractice may be as effective as delivery In Person for children with hearing loss. PMID:24643949

Constantinescu, Gabriella; Waite, Monique; Dornan, Dimity; Rushbrooke, Emma; Brown, Jackie; McGovern, Jane; Ryan, Michelle; Hill, Anne

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
241

Postural control in children with typical development and children with profound hearing loss  

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Full Text Available Aneliza Maria Monteiro de Sousa,1 Jônatas de França Barros,2 Brígido Martins de Sousa Neto31Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil; 2Department of Physical Education at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil; 3University Center UNIEURO, Brasilia, Federal District, BrazilPurpose: To describe the behavior of the postural control in children with profound sensorineural hearing loss and compare the results of experimental tests with hearing children aged 7 to 10 years.Patients and methods: This is a cross-sectional study where 100 children were divided into experimental and control groups. We used a force platform, AccuSway Plus, where the tests were conducted under the experimental conditions: open base, eyes open (OBEO; open base, eyes closed (OBEC; closed base, eyes open (CBEO; closed base, eyes closed (CBEC. The body sway velocity (V of the center of pressure, the displacement in the anteroposterior direction (COPap and mediolateral (COPml of the center of pressure were the parameters to evaluate the postural control. For statistical analysis we used the nonparametric Mann–Whitney U test, with a significance level of 5%.Results: In comparisons of variables between the groups, the experimental group outperformed by at least 75% of the control group values. In terms of global trends, the experimental group shows higher values of body oscillations in all experimental conditions and variables evaluated. Children with hearing loss had poorer balance performance compared to the group of hearing. The inferential analysis revealed a statistically significant difference in the balance between deaf and hearing children in the OBEC experimental condition in relation to the COPml parameter (P = 0.04. There were no statistically significant differences in comparisons between the sexes when the groups were analyzed separately. The prevalence of unknown etiology showed 58% of cases and congenital rubella in 16%. The discovery of deafness occurred in 70% of children before the age of 3 years.Conclusion: In this study, children with hearing loss had poorer balance performance compared to the group of hearing children. This finding confirms the need to investigate postural control through longitudinal studies to identify the area of sensory deficit causing poor balance performance and promote more specific early interventions.Keywords: postural control, hearing impairment, balance, children, sensory deprivation, early intervention

Monteiro de Sousa AM

2012-05-01

242

Prevalence and risk factors for sensorineural hearing loss: Western Sicily overview.  

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The objective of this work was to evaluate the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and distribution of the main risk factors associated to it focusing on their role in the development of deafness and their interaction. We performed a global audiological assessment (through TEOAE, tympanometry and ABR) in 508 infants at risk studying the main risk factors reported by Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (2007). Fifty-one infants (10.03 %) were diagnosed with SNHL (45 bilateral and 6 unilateral) with a mean hearing threshold of 87.39 ± 28.25 dB HL; family history of hearing impairment (HI) and TORCH infections indicated independent significant risk factors (P SNHL percentages were evidenced also in NICU babies, due to the various pathologies and risk factors presented by these infants, and among newborns who suffered from hyperbilirubinemia (11.97 and 9.52 %, respectively). The mean degree of hearing loss for children with family history of HI (>100 dB HL) emphasizes the necessity of an early diagnosis to avoid the consequences of auditory deprivation. Craniofacial abnormalities and syndromes associated to HI showed an important relationship (P SNHL incidence as the number of risk factors rises (from 5.12 for 2 risk factors to 28.5 % for 5 or more) with a significant difference among the groups (P = 0.049); multiple risk factors showed an additional cofactor for HL (r (2) = 0.93). Considering the high SNHL prevalence (10.03 %) in infants at risk, this study highlights the necessity to implement a neonatal hearing screening program in Western Sicily. PMID:23397062

Salvago, Pietro; Martines, Enrico; Martines, Francesco

2013-11-01

243

Electronystagmography findings in child unilateral sensorineural hearing loss of probable viral origin.  

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We studied the labyrinthine function in a group of 72 children aged between 4 and 14 years affected by unilateral sensorineural hearing loss of probable viral origin. From the analysis of the results obtained we confirm the concomitance of cochlear and vestibular damage. However, there were no statistically significant differences between type of audiogram at onset of hearing loss and type of electronystagmography (ENG), while we found a direct correlation between the presence of vertigo or dizziness and type of ENG. Finally hearing recovery was influenced by the presence of vertigo or labyrinthine function alterations. The results of statistical analysis confirmed a significant statistical difference between patients with vertigo or dizziness (V(+)) and those without vertigo (V(-)) and also between patients with ENG 3 (subjects with spontaneous nystagmus or positional nystagmus and canal paresis ipsilateral to the cochlear lesion) and those with ENG 1 (subjects without spontaneous nystagmus or positional nystagmus and with normal vestibular reflex). In fact, hearing recovery was worse in V(+) group and in ENG 3 group. PMID:9466227

Melagrana, A; Tarantino, V; D'Agostino, R; Taborelli, G

1998-01-01

244

Nutrient plasma levels achieved during treatment that reduces noise-induced hearing loss.  

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Hearing loss encompasses both temporary and permanent deficits. If temporary threshold shift (TTS) and permanent threshold shift (PTS) share common pathological mechanisms, then agents that reduce PTS also should reduce TTS. Several antioxidant agents have reduced PTS in rodent models; however, reductions in TTS have been inconsistent. This study first determined whether dietary antioxidants (beta-carotene and vitamins C and E) delivered in combination with magnesium (Mg) reliably increase plasma concentrations of the active agents. Then, additional manipulations tested the hypothesis that these nutrients reduce acute TTS insult in the first 24 h after loud sound as well as longer lasting changes in hearing measured up to 7 days postnoise. Saline or nutrients were administered to guinea pigs prior to and after noise exposure. Sound-evoked electrophysiological responses were measured before noise, with tests repeated 1-h postnoise, as well as 1-day, 3-days, 5-days, and 7-days postnoise. All subjects showed significant functional recovery; subjects treated with nutrients recovered more rapidly and had better hearing outcomes at early postnoise times as well as the final test time. Thus, this combination of nutrients, which produced significant increases in plasma concentrations of vitamins C and E and Mg, effectively reduced hearing loss at multiple postnoise times. These data suggest that free radical formation contributes to TTS as well as PTS insults and suggest a potential opportunity to prevent TTS in human populations. PMID:21708356

Le Prell, Colleen G; Dolan, David F; Bennett, David C; Boxer, Peter A

2011-07-01

245

An educational audiology service delivery model : needs of teachers of children with hearing loss  

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In South Africa, the current movement towards the inclusion of children with disabilities, including children with hearing loss, is likely to have far-reaching consequences for both teachers and learners. Undoubtedly, needs will arise from teachers during the transition, especially in the areas pertaining to the audiological and educational management of children with hearing loss. A hearing loss often negatively impacts on the development of the childs auditory, language, speech, communicati...

Dijk, Catherine-anne

2004-01-01

246

An educational audiology service delivery model : needs of teachers of children with hearing loss  

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In South Africa, the current movement towards the inclusion of children with disabilities, including children with hearing loss, is likely to have far-reaching consequences for both teachers and learners. Undoubtedly, needs will arise from teachers during the transition, especially in the areas pertaining to the audiological and educational management of children with hearing loss. A hearing loss often negatively impacts on the development of the child’s auditory, language, speech, communic...

Dijk, Catherine-anne

2003-01-01

247

A Truncating Mutation in SERPINB6 Is Associated with Autosomal-Recessive Nonsyndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

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More than 270 million people worldwide have hearing loss that affects normal communication. Although astonishing progress has been made in the identification of more than 50 genes for deafness during the past decade, the majority of deafness genes are yet to be identified. In this study, we mapped a previously unknown autosomal-recessive nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss locus (DFNB91) to chromosome 6p25 in a consanguineous Turkish family. The degree of hearing loss was moderate to sev...

S?rmac?, Asl?; Erbek, Seyra; Price, Justin; Huang, Mingqian; Duman, Duygu; Cengiz, F. Bas?ak; Bademci, Gu?ney; Tokgo?z-y?lmaz, Suna; His?mi, Burcu; O?zdag?, Hilal; O?ztu?rk, Banu; Kulaks?zog?lu, Sevsen; Y?ld?r?m, Erkan; Kokotas, Haris; Grigoriadou, Maria

2010-01-01

248

Vestibular schwannoma in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) has several etiologies. It may be a presenting symptom of vestibular schwannoma (VS). This study aimed to establish the incidence of VS in patients with SSNHL, and we report several unusual cases among these patients. We reviewed retrospectively the charts and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of all adult patients who presented with SSNHL between 2002 and 2008. We utilized three-dimensional fast imaging with steady-state acquisition temporal MRI as a screening method. Of the 295 patients with SSNHL, VS was found in 12 (4%). All patients had intrameatal or small to medium-sized tumors. There were three cases with SSNHL in one ear and an incidental finding of intracanalicular VS in the contralateral ear. There were four cases of VS that showed good recovery from SSNHL with corticosteroid treatment. There were two cases that mimicked labyrinthitis with hearing loss and vertigo. A greater number of cases than expected of VS were detected in patients with SSNHL, as a result of increasing widespread use of MRI. Various unusual findings in these patients were identified. MRI would seem to be mandatory in all cases of SSNHL. PMID:22451804

Lee, Jong Dae; Lee, Byung Don; Hwang, Sun Chul

2011-03-01

249

Sonar-induced temporary hearing loss in dolphins.  

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There is increasing concern that human-produced ocean noise is adversely affecting marine mammals, as several recent cetacean mass strandings may have been caused by animals' interactions with naval 'mid-frequency' sonar. However, it has yet to be empirically demonstrated how sonar could induce these strandings or cause physiological effects. In controlled experimental studies, we show that mid-frequency sonar can induce temporary hearing loss in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Mild-behavioural alterations were also associated with the exposures. The auditory effects were induced only by repeated exposures to intense sonar pings with total sound exposure levels of 214 dB re: 1 microPa(2) s. Data support an increasing energy model to predict temporary noise-induced hearing loss and indicate that odontocete noise exposure effects bear trends similar to terrestrial mammals. Thus, sonar can induce physiological and behavioural effects in at least one species of odontocete; however, exposures must be of prolonged, high sound exposures levels to generate these effects. PMID:19364712

Mooney, T Aran; Nachtigall, Paul E; Vlachos, Stephanie

2009-08-23

250

The Nature of Victimization among Youths with Hearing Loss in Substance Abuse Treatment  

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The author profiles the prevalence, severity, and characteristics of victimization among a group of youths with hearing loss presenting to substance abuse treatment. Intake data on 111 deaf and hard of hearing youths (42% female) were analyzed and compared with data from a weighted, gender-matched sample of hearing youths. After gender is…

Titus, Janet C.

2010-01-01

251

Otitis media, hearing loss, and child development: a NICHD conference summary.  

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Growing evidence indicates that a significant relationship exists between the conductive hearing loss resulting from recurrent otitis media (OM) during the first 3-5 years of life and subsequent problems in acquisition of language and academic skills. To assess current knowledge of OM and its consequences for cognitive and linguistic development, to exchange viewpoints, and, if possible, to determine directions for future research, a conference was sponsored by the National Institute of Child...

Eimas, P. D.; Kavanagh, J. F.

1986-01-01

252

Sudden Hearing Loss Associated with High Levels of Calcineurin Inhibitors after Liver Transplantation  

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Full Text Available Hearing impairment in patients after liver transplantation (OLT has only been reported sporadically. However, potential ototoxic side effects may be related to immunsuppression. We report a series of 5 patients who developed sudden hearing loss after OLT and presented high levels of calcineurin inhibitors at the same time. In 4/5 patients, sudden hearing loss was bilateral. Patients` main characteristic were very heterogenous (e.g. age, time since OLT, underlying liver disease. Sudden hearing loss occured under high levels of tacrolimus (n=3, mean serum levels at the time of hearing loss: 24 ng/ml and cyclosporine A (n=2, 343 ng/ml, respectively. Further immunosuppression consisted of prednisolone (n=4 and azathioprine (n=1. There were no other risk factors such as administration of ototoxic drugs. Levels of immunsuppressants were rapidly corrected after the event. Nevertheless, in 4/5 patients hearing aids (3/4 bilateral became necessary during follow-up. Furthermore, two patients suffer from tinnitus since the hearing loss. In conclusion, high levels of calcineurin-inhibitors after OLT seem to be a risk factor for sudden hearing loss. In most cases, hearing loss was irreversible and resulted in need of a hearing aid. Neurotoxicity may be a probable mechanism. Further evaluations are necessary to allow a better understanding of the problem.

Ch. P. Strassburg

2006-03-01

253

The importance of MRI examination for sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients  

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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is commonly knwon as inner ear disease, although little is known about its cause in most cases. We evaluated 383 patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In 8.1% of the patients, MRI examination revealed some abnormal findings that may be associated with sudden sensorineural hearing loss: acoustic tumor was noted in 1%, abnormality of the vertebral-basilar artery in 1%, and infarction around the brainstem in 0.8%. In these cases, using MRI at an early stage of examination, we can establish the correct diagnosis of and treatment for hearing loss. (author)

254

29 CFR 1904.10 - Recording criteria for cases involving occupational hearing loss.  

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...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...LABOR RECORDING AND REPORTING OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND ILLNESSES Recordkeeping...criteria for cases involving occupational hearing loss....

2010-07-01

255

Risk Factors for Hearing Loss in Patients Treated With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment of head-and-neck carcinoma. The objective of this study was to perform a prospective multivariate assessment of the dose-effect relationship between intensity-modulated RT and hearing loss. Methods and Materials: Pure tone audiometry at 0.250-16 kHz was obtained before and after treatment in 101 patients (202 ears). All patients received full-course intensity-modulated RT (range, 56-70 Gy), with a median cochlear dose of 11.4 Gy (range, 0.2-69.7). Results: Audiometry was performed 1 week before and a median of 9 weeks (range, 1-112) after treatment. The mean hearing deterioration at pure tone average air-conduction 1-2-4 kHz was small (from 28.6 dB HL to 30.1 dB HL). However, individual patients showed clinically significant hearing loss, with 10-dB threshold shift incidences of 13% and 18% at pure tone averages air-conduction 1-2-4 kHz and 8-10-12.5 kHz, respectively. Post-treatment hearing capability was unfavorable in the case of greater inner ear radiation doses (p <0.0001), unfavorable baseline hearing capability (p <0.0001), green-eyed patients (p <0.0001), and older age (p <0.0001). Using multivariate analysis, a prediction of individual hearing capabiltity after treatment was made. Conclusion: RT-induced hearing loss in the mean population is modest. However, clinically significant hearing loss was observed in older patients with green eyes and unfavorable pretreatment hearing. In these patients, the intended radiation dose may be adjusted according to the proposed predictive model, aiming to decrease the risk of ototoxicity.

256

Sensori-neural hearing loss in patients treated with irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present investigation has been carried out to evaluate the sensitivity of the inner ear to irradiation. Cochlear function was tested in a cohort of 22 patients before and 7-84 months after receiving external irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The pre-irradiation sensori-neural hearing threshold at 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz was used as a baseline for the individual patient, and the observed sensori-neural hearing loss (SNHL) was calculated as the difference between pre- and post-irradiation values. The pre-irradiation hearing level or patient age was not correlated with the actual SNHL. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between the total radiation dose to the inner ear and the observed hearing impairment. SNHL was most pronounced in the high frequencies, with values up to 35 dB (4000 Hz) and 25 dB (2000 Hz) in some patients. The latent period for the complication appeared to be 12 months or more. The deleterious effect of irradiation on the hearing should be kept in mind both in treatment planning and in the follow-up after radiotherapy

257

Sensori-neural hearing loss in patients treated with irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present investigation has been carried out to evaluate the sensitivity of the inner ear to irradiation. Cochlear function was tested in a cohort of 22 patients before and 7-84 months after receiving external irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The pre-irradiation sensori-neural hearing threshold at 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz was used as a baseline for the individual patient, and the observed sensori-neural hearing loss (SNHL) was calculated as the difference between pre- and post-irradiation values. The pre-irradiation hearing level or patient age was not correlated with the actual SNHL. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between the total radiation dose to the inner ear and the observed hearing impairment. SNHL was most pronounced in the high frequencies, with values up to 35 dB (4000 Hz) and 25 dB (2000 Hz) in some patients. The latent period for the complication appeared to be 12 months or more. The deleterious effect of irradiation on the hearing should be kept in mind both in treatment planning and in the follow-up after radiotherapy.

Grau, C.; Moller, K.; Overgaard, M.; Overgaard, J.; Elbrond, O. (University of Aarhus (Denmark))

1991-08-01

258

Sensori-neural hearing loss in patients treated with irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The present investigation has been carried out to evaluate the sensitivity of the inner ear to irradiation. Cochlear function was tested in a cohort of 22 patients before and 7-84 months after receiving external irradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The pre-irradiation sensori-neural hearing threshold at 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz was used as a baseline for the individual patient, and the observed sensori-neural hearing loss (SNHL) was calculated as the difference between pre- and post-irradiation values. The pre-irradiation hearing level or patient age was not correlated with the actual SNHL. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between the total radiation dose to the inner ear and the observed hearing impairment. SNHL was most pronounced in the high frequencies, with values up to 35 dB (4000 Hz) and 25 dB (2000 Hz) in some patients. The latent period for the complication appeared to be 12 months or more. The deleterious effect of irradiation on the hearing should be kept in mind both in treatment planning and in the follow-up after radiotherapy.

Grau, Cai; MØller, K

1991-01-01

259

Auditory training during development mitigates a hearing loss-induced perceptual deficit.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensory experience during early development can shape the central nervous system and this is thought to influence adult perceptual skills. In the auditory system, early induction of conductive hearing loss (CHL leads to deficits in central auditory coding properties in adult animals, and this is accompanied by diminished perceptual thresholds. In contrast, a brief regimen of auditory training during development can enhance the perceptual skills of animals when tested in adulthood. Here, we asked whether a brief period of training during development could compensate for the perceptual deficits displayed by adult animals reared with CHL. Juvenile gerbils with CHL, and age-matched controls, were trained on a frequency modulation (FM detection task for 4 or 10 days. The performance of each group was subsequently assessed in adulthood, and compared to adults with normal hearing or adults raised with CHL that did not receive juvenile training. We show that as juveniles, both CHL and NH animals display similar FM detection thresholds that are not immediately impacted by the perceptual training. However, as adults, detection thresholds and psychometric function slopes of these animals were significantly improved. Importantly, CHL adults with juvenile training displayed thresholds that approached normal hearing adults. Additionally, we found that hearing impaired animals trained for 10 days displayed adult thresholds closer to untrained adults than those trained for 4 days. Thus, a relatively brief period of auditory training may compensate for the deleterious impact of hearing deprivation on auditory perception on the trained task.

Emma Sarro

2014-04-01

260

Guest Editorial: Computer-based hearing loss prevention education program for Veterans and military personnel  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available According to the Veterans Benefits Administration, more than 672,000 Veterans were service-connected for hearing loss and more than 744,000 Veterans were service-connected for tinnitus as of fiscal year 2010 [1]. Hearing loss and tinnitus are the most prevalent disabilities experienced by Veterans who served during peacetime, Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom, World War II, and the Korean war. In fiscal year 2010, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA provided 561,212 hearing aids at an estimated cost of $196.7 million and audiological services to Veterans at a cost of $227.4 million.1 Therefore, hearing loss and tinnitus prevention should be a priority for the VA. At least one type of hearing loss—noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL—can be prevented if appropriate protective strategies are implemented.

Robert L. Folmer, PhD

2012-05-01

 
 
 
 
261

Temporal and spectral resolution of hearing in patients with precipitous hearing loss: Gap release of masking (GRM) and the role of cognitive function  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this experiment was to measure temporal acuity and spectral resolution of hearing in new hearing-aid users over a period of time post-fitting, and to demonstrate the extent to which performance might change over time. For one-octave wide maskers with and without spectral and temporal gaps, masking was measured repeatedly over 3 months post-fitting. GRM was characterized as the release from masking under the gap conditions. The cognitive skills of the participants were assessed with two tests for measuring working memory capacity and lexical vigilance. The results showed that while the masking by one-octave wide noise maskers without any gaps was constant over time, GRM increased over time for maskers involving a temporal gap. Moreover, at low frequencies where the subjects had normal hearing-threshold levels, they performed as hearing-impaired for the spectral-gap condition. For the temporal-gap condition, they performed as normally hearing at both low and high frequencies. These results suggest that patients with precipitous hearing loss do not maintain normal spectral resolution through the low-frequency region, in which the hearing threshold levels are otherwise normal. Surprisingly, the results also showed moderate though highly significant correlation between lexical vigilance and GRM. [Work supported by the William Demant Foundation.] a)Currently at CNBH, Dept. Physiol., University of Cambridge, CB2 3EG Cambridge, UK.

Vestergaard, Martin D.

2005-04-01

262

Temporal and spectral resolution of hearing in patients with precipitous hearing loss: Gap release of masking (GRM) and the role of cognitive function  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The purpose of this experiment was to measure temporal acuity and spectral resolution of hearing in new hearing-aid users over a period of time post-fitting, and to demonstrate the extent to which performance might change over time. For one-octave wide maskers with and without spectral and temporal gaps, masking was measured repeatedly over 3 months post-fitting. GRM was characterized as the release from masking under the gap conditions. The cognitive skills of the participants were assessed with two tests for measuring working memory capacity and lexical vigilance. The results showed that while the masking by one-octave wide noise maskers without any gaps was constant over time, GRM increased over time for maskers involving a temporal gap. Moreover, at low frequencies where the subjects had normal hearing-threshold levels, they performed as hearing-impaired for the spectral-gap condition. For the temporal-gap condition, they performed as normally hearing at both low and high frequencies. These results suggest that patients with precipitous hearing loss do not maintain normal spectral resolution through the low-frequency region, in which the hearing threshold levels are otherwise normal. Surprisingly, the results also showed moderate though highly significant correlation between lexical vigilance and GRM. [Work supported by the William Demant Foundation.] a)Currently at CNBH, Dept. Physiol., University of Cambridge, CB2 3EG Cambridge, UK.

Vestergaard, Martin David

2005-01-01

263

Noise-induced hearing loss in randomly selected New York dairy farmers.  

Science.gov (United States)

To understand better the effects of noise levels associated with dairy farming, we randomly selected 49 full-time dairy farmers from an established cohort. Medical and occupational histories were taken and standard audiometric testing was done. Forty-six males (94%) and three females (6%) with a mean age of 43.5 (+/- 13) years and an average of 29.4 (+/- 14) years in farming were tested. Pure Tone Average thresholds (PTA4) at 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 kHz plus High Frequency Average thresholds (HFA3) at 3.0, 4.0, and 6.0 kHz were calculated. Subjects with a loss of greater than or equal to 20 db in either ear were considered abnormal. Eighteen subjects (37%) had abnormal PTA4S and 32 (65%) abnormal HFA3S. The left ear was more severely affected in both groups (p less than or equal to .05, t-test). Significant associations were found between hearing loss and years worked (odds ratio 4.1, r = .53) and age (odds ratio 4.1, r = .59). No association could be found between hearing loss and measles; mumps; previous ear infections; or use of power tools, guns, motorcycles, snowmobiles, or stereo headphones. Our data suggest that among farmers, substantial hearing loss occurs especially in the high-frequency ranges. Presbycusis is an important confounding variable. PMID:2220840

May, J J; Marvel, M; Regan, M; Marvel, L H; Pratt, D S

1990-01-01

264

Programa de triagem auditiva neonatal: associação entre perda auditiva e fatores de risco Newborn hearing screening program: association between hearing loss and risk factors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available TEMA: perda auditiva em neonatos. OBJETIVOS: verificar a prevalência de alterações auditivas em neonatos do Hospital São Paulo, observando se há correlação com as variáveis: peso de nascimento, idade gestacional, relação peso e idade gestacional e fatores de risco para deficiência auditiva. MÉTODO: realizou-se uma análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de 1696 recém nascidos, sendo 648 nascidos pré-termo e 1048 a termo. Todas as crianças foram submetidas à avaliação audiológica constituída por pesquisa das emissões otoacústicas transientes e do reflexo cocleopalpebral e medidas de imitância acústica, estabelecendo-se o diagnóstico do tipo e grau de perda. RESULTADOS: a perda auditiva neurossensorial foi identificada em 0,82% das crianças nascidas a termo, e 3,1% das crianças pré-termo (com diferença estatisticamente significante. A perda auditiva condutiva foi a mais freqüente nas duas populações sendo observada em 14,6% das crianças nascidas a termo e 16,3% das crianças pré-termo. Houve suspeita de alterações do sistema auditivo central em 5,8% das crianças pré-termo e 3,3% das crianças a termo. Na população de crianças nascidas a termo, houve correlação significante entre falha na triagem auditiva e os riscos antecedente familiar e síndrome, sendo 37 vezes maior a chance de uma criança com síndrome falhar na triagem e sete vezes maior a chance de falhar na orelha direita quando esta tiver antecedente familiar de perda auditiva. Quanto menor a idade gestacional (BACKGROUND: hearing loss in newborns. Aim: to verify the prevalence of auditory alterations in newborns of Hospital São Paulo (hospital, observing if there are any correlations with the following variables: birth weight, gestational age, relation weight/gestational age and risk factors for hearing loss. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of the hospital records of 1696 newborns; 648 records of preterm infants and 1048 records of infants born at term. All of the infants had been submitted to an auditory evaluation consisting of: Transient Otoacoustic Emissions, investigation of the cochleal-palpebral reflexes and acoustic imittance tests, identifying the type and level of hearing loss. RESULTS: sensorineural hearing loss was identified in .82% of the infants who were born at term and in 3.1% of the preterm infants - with a statistically significant difference. Conductive hearing loss was the most frequent type of hearing loss in both groups, occurring in 14.6% of the term infants and in 16.3% of the preterm infants. Alteration of the central auditory system was considered as a possible diagnosis for 5.8% of the preterm infants and for 3.3% of the term infants. For the group of infants who were born at term, a significant correlation was observed between failure in the hearing screening test and the presence of risk factors such as family history and presence of a syndrome - the child who presented a syndrome had 37 times more chances of failing in the hearing screening test and seven times more chances of failing in the right ear when there was a family history for hearing loss. The lower the gestational age (< 30 weeks and birth weight (< 1500g, the higher the chances of failing in the hearing screening test (3 times more. CONCLUSION: hearing loss had a higher occurrence in preterm infants who remained in the ICU. Gestational age and birth weight were important variables related to the possibility of failure in the hearing screening test. A correlation was observed between the presence of a syndrome and sensorineural hearing loss in infants who were born at term.

Priscila Karla Santana Pereira

2007-09-01

265

Coronary artery bypass grafting and sensorineural hearing loss, a cohort study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is routinely encountered by the otologist. The etiology is varied and often identifiable. One of the relatively less frequent causes is surgery. Apart from being an established entity with otological surgeries, sensorineural hearing loss has also been known to occur after non-otological procedures under general anesthesia. Commonest amongst these procedures is cardiopulmonary bypass, an association that has long been recognized. However, despite the proposition of diverse hypotheses in the past, the pathophysiology remains unclear. Methods The study is a prospective matched cohort study that will be carried out in Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Participants among exposed would include all those patients who would be undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in the hospital who fall under the criteria for inclusion. Unexposed group would comprise of patients undergoing a non-bypass procedure of similar duration under the same type of anesthesia who meet the selection criteria. Both these groups will undergo audiometric testing at our hospital on three different occasions during the course of this study. Initially before the procedure to test the baseline hearing capacity; then one week after the procedure to assess any changes in hearing ability following the surgery; and finally a third audiogram at six weeks follow-up to assess further changes in any hearing deficits noted during the second phase of testing. Certain variables including the subjects' demographics and those concerning the procedure itself will be noted and used later for risk factors analysis. A detailed past medical and surgical history will also be obtained. Data analysis would include calculation of relative risk and significance of the results, by running the chi-square test. Other statistical tests like Fisher exact test may then be employed to facilitate data interpretation. Continuous scale may then be employed and multivariate linear regression used. Discussion This study is planned to obtain a better understanding of the correlation between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and cardiopulmonary bypass. Being the first major cohort trial in this line of investigation, the project is designed to identify the existence of any significant relationship between cardiopulmonary bypass and sensorineural hearing deficit.

Ashraf Omer

2005-12-01

266

Strategies for developing novel therapeutics for sensorineural hearing loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common disability in the world; however, at present, options for the pharmacological treatment of SNHL are very limited. Previous studies involving human temporal bone analyses have revealed that the degeneration of the cochlea is a common mechanism of SNHL. A major problem for the development of novel pharmacotherapy for SNHL has been the limited regeneration capacity in mammalian cochlear cells. However, recent progress in basic studies has led to several effective strategies for the induction of regeneration in the mammalian cochlea, in accordance with the stage of degeneration. In addition, recent advances in the identification of human deafness genes and their characterization in mouse models have elucidated cellular and/or molecular mechanisms of SNHL, which will contribute to clarify molecular targets of pharmacotherapy for treatment of SNHL.

Nakagawa, Takayuki

2014-01-01

267

Strategies for developing novel therapeutics for sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common disability in the world; however, at present, options for the pharmacological treatment of SNHL are very limited. Previous studies involving human temporal bone analyses have revealed that the degeneration of the cochlea is a common mechanism of SNHL. A major problem for the development of novel pharmacotherapy for SNHL has been the limited regeneration capacity in mammalian cochlear cells. However, recent progress in basic studies has led to several effective strategies for the induction of regeneration in the mammalian cochlea, in accordance with the stage of degeneration. In addition, recent advances in the identification of human deafness genes and their characterization in mouse models have elucidated cellular and/or molecular mechanisms of SNHL, which will contribute to clarify molecular targets of pharmacotherapy for treatment of SNHL. PMID:25278894

Nakagawa, Takayuki

2014-01-01

268

Strategies for developing novel therapeutics for sensorineural hearing loss  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL is a common disability in the world; however, at present, options for the pharmacological treatment of SNHL are very limited. Previous studies involving human temporal bone analyses have revealed that the degeneration of the cochlea is a common mechanism of SNHL. A major problem for the development of novel pharmacotherapy for SNHL has been the limited regeneration capacity in mammalian cochlear cells. However, recent progress in basic studies has led to several effective strategies for the induction of regeneration in the mammalian cochlea, in accordance with the stage of degeneration. In addition, recent advances in the identification of human deafness genes and their characterization in mouse models have elucidated cellular and/or molecular mechanisms of SNHL, which will contribute to clarify molecular targets of pharmacotherapy for treatment of SNHL.

TakayukiNakagawa

2014-09-01

269

Vertebrobasilar angulation and its association with sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pathogenesis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is unclear, though some researchers postulate the major mechanism of onset to be via circulatory disturbance or cochlear inflammation. SSNHL can represent the sole manifestation of anterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction, and patients with a SSNHL may have higher than normal risk of future stoke. According to a vascular remodeling theory, vertebral arteries (VAs) are typically asymmetric with the basilar artery (BA) gradually curving in the opposite direction of the larger VA. Decreased wall shear stress on the inner surface of the curvature (weaker side of the vertebral artery) gives rise to an atherothrombogenic environment. It is hypothesized that angulation of the BA could contribute to the decline of anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) flow or to the development of atheroma formation in the AICA orifice. Vertebrobasilar junction angulation could represent a simple and useful marker of SSNHL caused by a vascular compromise of the cochlea. PMID:22688399

Kim, Chulho; Sohn, Jong-Hee; Choi, Hui-Chul

2012-08-01

270

Mechanisms of radiation-induced sensorineural hearing loss and radioprotection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients that receive radiotherapy are at risk of late sensorineural hearing loss when the inner ear is included within the radiation field. Preclinical and human temporal bone studies have shown that there is differential damage to cochlear structures depending on the amount of dose delivered to the inner ear. In vitro studies have suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the main initial actors in radiation-induced damage. The interaction of ROS with different cellular components can result in different apoptotic pathways. Therefore, approaches to radioprotection are mainly aimed to reduce ROS production through antioxidants. This review summarizes recent research in the field that can improve the understanding and boost preventive efforts of this adverse effect. PMID:24650954

Mujica-Mota, Mario A; Lehnert, Shirley; Devic, Slobodan; Gasbarrino, Karina; Daniel, Sam J

2014-06-01

271

Comparison of Occlusion Effect in Normal Hearing Individuals and those with Slight and Mild Sensory Neural Hearing Loss Via Real Ear Measurement  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hearing aid users complain about a phenomenon called "occlusion effect". The aim of this study was to compare the occlusion effect in normal hearing individuals and those with slight and mild sensory neural hearing loss via Real Ear Measurement.Methods: Sixty volunteers (30 male, 30 female aged 18-55 years were enrolled in this study. Subjects were instructed to vocalize /e/ and /i/ for 5 seconds. Sound pressure level was measured by a probe- microphone and recorded in the ear canal. Occlusion effect and the frequency in which maximum occlusion effect occurs were obtained for each individuals for further analysis.Results: The peak of occlusion effect for /e/ was 10.25 dB and 9.77 dB respectively in 751.9 Hz and 542.98 Hz frequencies in female and male individuals. The maximum occlusion effect occurred with 19.03 dB and 19.10 dB for /i/ and in 518.88 Hz and 440.28 Hz in female and male individuals, in respect. In addition, no significant difference was seen among hearing levels and between genders.Conclusion: The peak of occlusion effect varies significantly among hearing aid users so that the hearing aid must be tuned. Probe-microphone measures will assist in determination where frequency- specific adjustments are needed.

Meymaneh Jafari

2011-12-01

272

Psychological Assessment of Children with Multiple Handicaps Who Have Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses issues involved in psychological assessment of children with hearing loss who have additional disabilities or special needs. It provides recommendations for appropriate methods of assessment that accommodate the communication difficulties associated with hearing loss. This article includes assessment procedures for children…

Schum, Robert

2004-01-01

273

Hearing loss diagnosis followed by meningitis in Danish children, 1995-2004  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A higher risk of meningitis associated with cochlear implants may be explained in part by a generally higher risk of meningitis in children with severe to profound hearing loss. We investigated whether children with hearing loss have an increased risk of meningitis.

Parner, Erik T; Reefhuis, Jennita

2007-01-01

274

Factors associated with the occurrence of hearing loss after pneumococcal meningitis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

On the basis of a nationwide registration during a 5-year period (1999-2003), the frequency and severity of hearing loss was investigated retrospectively in 343 consecutive Danish patients who survived pneumococcal meningitis, to identify important risk factors (including the pneumococcal serotype) for development of hearing loss.

WorsØe, Lise; Cayé-Thomasen, Per

2010-01-01

275

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sure that he could increase my hearing from 30 percent to 60 percent. So at that point, ... my amazement and delight, my hearing improved from 30 percent to 86 percent, and it has made ...

276

Effect of epithelial stem cell transplantation on noise-induced hearing loss in adult mice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noise trauma in mammals can result in damage to multiple epithelial cochlear cell types, producing permanent hearing loss. Here we investigate whether epithelial stem cell transplantation can ameliorate noise-induced hearing loss in mice. Epithelial stem/progenitor cells isolated from adult mouse tongue displayed extensive proliferation in vitro as well as positive immunolabelling for the epithelial stem cell marker p63. To examine the functional effects of cochlear transplantation of these cells, mice were exposed to noise trauma and the cells were transplanted via a lateral wall cochleostomy 2 days post-trauma. Changes in auditory function were assessed by determining auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold shifts 4 weeks after stem cell transplantation or sham surgery. Stem/progenitor cell transplantation resulted in a significantly reduced permanent ABR threshold shift for click stimuli compared to sham-injected mice, as corroborated using two distinct analyses. Cell fate analyses revealed stem/progenitor cell survival and integration into suprastrial regions of the spiral ligament. These results suggest that transplantation of adult epithelial stem/progenitor cells can attenuate the ototoxic effects of noise trauma in a mammalian model of noise-induced hearing loss. PMID:21059389

Sullivan, Jeremy M; Cohen, Mauricio A; Pandit, Sonali R; Sahota, Raguwinder S; Borecki, Alexander A; Oleskevich, Sharon

2011-02-01

277

Hyperactivity following unilateral hearing loss in characterized cells in the inferior colliculus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hyperactivity (increased spontaneous firing rates) following cochlear trauma and hearing loss has been well documented in the inferior colliculus (IC). This hyperactivity is associated with frequency regions in the IC that are closely related to regions of peripheral hearing loss. In other auditory nuclei, notably cochlear nucleus, hyperactivity has been shown to be more prevalent in particular cell types but this has not been investigated in the IC. Single-neuron spontaneous firing rates were recorded in the IC of animals after acoustic trauma (10-kHz tone at 124dB for 2h) and in sham surgery controls. Single-neuron recordings were made 2weeks later. Evoked responses to ipsi- and contralateral sound were used for classification. Classifications were based on peri-stimulus time histograms, input-output functions, frequency response areas and monaural/binaural responses. Results showed increased spontaneous firing rates in the IC following trauma, in regions corresponding to the frequencies at which there was peripheral hearing loss (12-20kHz). Most response categories, with the exception of cells showing an onset response classification, showed a significantly increased average spontaneous firing rate. These data suggest that hyperactivity in the IC is not confined to a particular response type in contrast to findings in the cochlear nucleus. This may be the result of factors intrinsic to the IC, or because of convergent input to the IC from a range of other auditory structures. PMID:24468107

Vogler, D P; Robertson, D; Mulders, W H A M

2014-04-18

278

Detection of perinatal cytomegalovirus infection and sensorineural hearing loss in belgian infants by measurement of automated auditory brainstem response.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since auditory disability causes serious problems in the development of speech and in the total development of a child, it is crucial to diagnose possible hearing impairment as soon as possible after birth. This study evaluates the neonatal hearing screening program in Flanders, Belgium. The auditory ability of 118,438 babies was tested using the automated auditory brainstem response. We selected 194 babies with indicative hearing impairment and 332 matched controls to investigate the association between the presence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in urine samples and sensorineural hearing loss and to analyze the sensibility and specificity of a cell culture assay and a quantitative PCR detection method. Our results indicate that significantly more babies with confirmed hearing impairment were HCMV positive after birth. Further, based on the results of our study, babies with HCMV viral loads above 4.5 log copies/ml urine seem to be 1.4 times more likely to have confirmed hearing impairment. Our follow-up study suggests that the hearing impairment of children infected with HCMV after birth is less likely to improve than that of HCMV-negative infants. Our results confirm that the presence of HCMV before or shortly after birth influences the outcome of hearing impairment. PMID:18768656

Verbeeck, Jannick; Van Kerschaver, Erwin; Wollants, Elke; Beuselinck, Kurt; Stappaerts, Luc; Van Ranst, Marc

2008-11-01

279

Students with an undisclosed hearing loss: a challenge for academic access, progress, and success?  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been suggested that only 8% of postsecondary students in the United States who have a hearing loss have disclosed that hearing loss to their institutions. Consistent with this suggestion, two anonymous surveys of students enrolled in courses with the Open University in the United Kingdom suggested that there were roughly 9,000 students in the Open University itself and over 42,000 students in higher education across the United Kingdom as a whole who had a hearing loss that they had not disclosed to their institutions. These students tended to be older people with a relatively mild hearing loss that did not disrupt their communication with other students or their active engagement with learning activities. The impact of the students' hearing loss upon their approaches to studying seemed to be relatively slight, but it was associated with an increase in the students' perceived academic workload. PMID:15314016

Richardson, John T E; Long, Gary L; Woodley, Alan

2004-01-01

280

Progressive hearing loss following acquired cytomegalovirus infection in an immunocompromised child.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a rare case of progressive hearing loss after acquired CMV infection in a child with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). A 5-month-old female was diagnosed as having LCH. When she was 14 months old, she received an unrelated donor umbilical cord blood transfusion for the treatment of intractable LCH. CMV infection was confirmed after the blood transfusion. Because her own umbilical cord had no CMV, the CMV infection was not congenital. When she was 7 years old, mixed hearing loss was noted with bilateral otitis media with effusion. After that time, the sensorineural hearing loss progressed to bilateral profound hearing loss over 3 years. Three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium contrast enhancement revealed a high intensity area in the inner ear that suggested bilateral labyrinthitis. This case demonstrates the possibility that, under the immunodeficiency, the acquired CMV infection causes progressive sensorineural hearing loss. PMID:23084431

Kato, Ken; Otake, Hironao; Tagaya, Mitsuhiko; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki; Ito, Yoshinori; Hama, Asahito; Muramatsu, Hideki; Kojima, Seiji; Naganawa, Shinji; Nakashima, Tsutomu

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Age of diagnosis for congenital hearing loss at Universitas Hospital, Bloemfontein  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Congenital hearing loss affects 3 - 6/1 000 children worldwide. The benefits of early identification of hearing loss and early intervention have been clearly established. There are no previous studies reporting on the age of diagnosis of congenital hearing loss in the Free State province [...] . OBJECTIVES: To determine the age of diagnosis of congenital hearing loss in the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic at Universitas Hospital. Secondary aims included determining age at first visit, as well as the time delay between first visit and diagnosis, and documenting any interventions which took place. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study was undertaken, analysing data from 2001 to 2010. RESULTS: A total of 260 cases of congenital hearing loss were analysed. The median age of diagnosis of hearing loss was 44.5 months. The median age of first visit was 40.9 months, and the median delay between first visit and diagnosis was 49 days. CONCLUSIONS: The median age of diagnosis far exceeds national and international benchmarks. This has a profoundly negative impact on the development and outcomes of children with hearing loss. These results have been used to motivate for the expansion of hearing screening and diagnostic services in the province.

I R T, Butler; S, Basson; E, Britz; R, de Wet; G B, Korsten; G, Joubert.

282

Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection as a Cause of Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Highly Immune Population  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The burden of CMV-associated sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in populations with CMV seroprevalence approaching 100% is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the rate, associated factors and predictors of SNHL in CMV-infected infants identified by newborn screening in a highly seropositive maternal population. Methods Newborns with positive saliva CMV-DNA and confirmed by virus isolation in the first two weeks of life were enrolled in a prospective follow-up study to monitor hearing outcome. Results Of 12,195 infants screened, 121 (1%) were CMV-infected and 12 (10%) had symptomatic infection at birth. Hearing function could be assessed in 102/121 children who underwent at least one ABR testing at a median age of 12 months. SNHL was observed in 10/102 (9.8%; 95%CI: 5.1–16.7) children. Median age at the latest hearing evaluation was 47 months (12 to 84 months). Profound loss (>90dB) was found in 4/5 children with bilateral SNHL while all 5 children with unilateral loss had moderate to severe deficit. The presence of symptomatic infection at birth (OR 38.1; 95%CI: 1.6– 916.7) was independently associated with SNHL after adjusting for IUGR, gestational age, gravidity and maternal age. Among 10 infants with SNHL, six (60%) were born to mothers with non-primary CMV infection. Conclusions Even in populations with near universal immunity to CMV, congenital CMV infection is a significant cause of SNHL demonstrating the importance of CMV as a major cause of SNHL in children worldwide. As in other populations, SNHL is more frequently observed in symptomatic CMV infection. PMID:21814153

YAMAMOTO, APARECIDA YULIE; MUSSI-PINHATA, MARISA MARCIA; DE LIMA ISAAC, MYRIAM; AMARAL, FABIANA REZENDE; CARVALHEIRO, CRISTINA GARDONY; ARAGON, DAVI CASALE; DA SILVA MANFREDI, ALESSANDRA K.; BOPPANA, SURESH B.; BRITT, WILLIAM J.

2011-01-01

283

The effect of mild-to-moderate hearing loss on auditory and emotion processing networks  

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Full Text Available We investigated the impact of hearing loss on emotional processing using task- and rest-based functional magnetic resonance imaging. Two age-matched groups of middle-aged participants were recruited: one with bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (HL and a control group with normal hearing (NH. During the task-based portion of the experiment, participants were instructed to rate affective stimuli from the International Affective Digital Sounds database as pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral. In the resting state experiment, participants were told to fixate on a '+' sign on a screen for five minutes. The results of both the task-based and resting state studies suggest that NH and HL patients differ in their emotional response. Specifically, in the task-based study, we found slower response to affective but not neutral sounds by the HL group compared to the NH group. This was reflected in the brain activation patterns, with the NH group employing the expected limbic and auditory regions including the left amygdala, left parahippocampus, right middle temporal gyrus and left superior temporal gyrus to a greater extent in processing affective stimuli when compared to the HL group. In the resting state study, we observed no significant differences in connectivity of the auditory network between the groups. In the dorsal attention network, HL patients exhibited decreased connectivity between seed regions and left insula and left postcentral gyrus compared to controls. The default mode network was also altered, showing increased connectivity between seeds and left middle frontal gyrus in the HL group. Further targeted analysis revealed increased intrinsic connectivity between the right middle temporal gyrus and the right precentral gyrus. The results from both studies suggest neuronal reorganization as a consequence of hearing loss, most notably in networks responding to emotional sounds.

Fatima T Husain

2014-02-01

284

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a review of diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is commonly encountered in audiologic and otolaryngologic practice. SSNHL is most commonly defined as sensorineural hearing loss of 30 dB or greater over at least three contiguous audiometric frequencies occurring within a 72-hr period. Although the differential for SSNHL is vast, for the majority of patients an etiologic factor is not identified. Treatment for SSNHL of known etiology is directed toward that agent, with poor hearing outcomes characteristic for discoverable etiologies that cause inner ear hair cell loss. Steroid therapy is the current mainstay of treatment of idiopathic SSNHL in the United States. The prognosis for hearing recovery for idiopathic SSNHL is dependent on a number of factors including the severity of hearing loss, age, presence of vertigo, and shape of the audiogram. PMID:21606048

Kuhn, Maggie; Heman-Ackah, Selena E; Shaikh, Jamil A; Roehm, Pamela C

2011-09-01

285

[An implantable hearing aid for inner ear hearing loss. Short-term implantation of microphone and transducer].  

Science.gov (United States)

A microphone constructed for implantation in the posterior wall of the auditory canal and a piezoelectric transducer serving as the main components of an implantable hearing aid were temporally implanted in five patients during middle ear surgery under local anesthesia. The microphone was positioned beneath the skin of the auditory canal such that it completely covered the microphone membrane. The vibratory element of the transducer was coupled to the malleus in four patients with normal ossicular chains and directly to the stapes in one patient with missing incus. The microphone and transducer were electrically connected with an external battery-driven signal amplifier. Speech material and music were presented in the operation room at a sound level of 65 dB SPL under free-field conditions. The patients had to estimate the quality of speech, music, and their own voice as well as the effects of bone-conducting noises. All patients were able to hear with the system. An intraoperative talk without vision contact was possible without any problems, as was understanding of numerals ("Freiburger Zahlentest"). Perception of music was judged as "clear and undistorted with all broadband component." The estimation was also valid for one patient with a sensorineural hearing loss. One patient declared the music to be "a little of unnatural." Bone-conducted sound was estimated as normal in two patients, better than without an implant in one patient with sensorineural hearing loss, and "somewhat metallic" in another patient. Hearing the own voice was considered "normal" in two cases "monotonous" in one case, and "a little bit roaring" in another case. An amplification factor that can be technically realized in an implantable hearing aid was necessary for one of the patients with sensorineural hearing loss to perceive music at a pleasant volume. On the basis of this study, essential requirements for the construction of a fully implantable hearing aid are fulfilled. PMID:9445860

Zenner, H P; Maassen, M M; Lehner, R L; Baumann, J W; Leysieffer, H

1997-10-01

286

Deficiência auditiva infantil: implicações e soluções Infantile hearing loss: implications and solutions  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: promover uma abordagem teórica dos aspectos relevantes a respeito da audição na infância e da detecção precoce da deficiência auditiva infantil. MÉTODOS: foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica sobre a importância da audição no desenvolvimento infantil, o histórico da detecção precoce da deficiência auditiva infantil e a metodologia usual nos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal. O período de análise foi a partir de 1980 e os descritores utilizados foram deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTADOS: a audição é o elemento fundamental para a aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Muitos são os indicadores de risco que podem afetar a audição nos períodos pré e peri natal. Sendo a detecção precoce um fator determinante para o prognóstico de reabilitação, é de extrema importância a sua efetivação. Existem diferentes metodologias para a detecção da deficiência auditiva, porém os programas de triagem auditiva neonatal que utilizam emissões otoacústicas vêm demonstrando grande aceitação pela sua eficácia e praticidade. CONCLUSÃO: existem graves implicações da deficiência auditiva para o desenvolvimento infantil. A implementação dos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal pode garantir a detecção precoce, o diagnóstico e a reabilitação a tempo de minimizar os efeitos da deficiência auditiva sobre o indivíduo.PURPOSE: to promote a theoretical approach of the relevant aspects regarding the hearing in childhood and the early detection of the infantile hearing loss. METHODS: bibliographical research on the importance of hearing in infantile development, the description of the early detection of the hearing loss and usual methodology in the programs of newborn hearing screening was carried through. The period of analysis went from 1980 and the key-words were deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTS: the hearing is the basic element for the acquisition and development of language. Many are the risk indicators that can affect hearing in the pre and peri native periods. Being the early detection a determinative factor for the rehabilitation prognostic, its effectuation is of extreme importance. There are different methodologies for detecting hearing loss, however the programs of newborn hearing screening through otoacoustic emissions have been demonstrating effectiveness and feasibility. CONCLUSION: there are serious implications of hearing loss for infantile development. The implementation of the programs of newborn hearing screening can ensure early detection, diagnosis and rehabilitation in timely-manner to minimize the effect of hearing loss on the subject.

Cladi Inês Gatto

2007-03-01

287

Deficiência auditiva infantil: implicações e soluções / Infantile hearing loss: implications and solutions  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: promover uma abordagem teórica dos aspectos relevantes a respeito da audição na infância e da detecção precoce da deficiência auditiva infantil. MÉTODOS: foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica sobre a importância da audição no desenvolvimento infantil, o histórico da detecção precoce da defi [...] ciência auditiva infantil e a metodologia usual nos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal. O período de análise foi a partir de 1980 e os descritores utilizados foram deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTADOS: a audição é o elemento fundamental para a aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Muitos são os indicadores de risco que podem afetar a audição nos períodos pré e peri natal. Sendo a detecção precoce um fator determinante para o prognóstico de reabilitação, é de extrema importância a sua efetivação. Existem diferentes metodologias para a detecção da deficiência auditiva, porém os programas de triagem auditiva neonatal que utilizam emissões otoacústicas vêm demonstrando grande aceitação pela sua eficácia e praticidade. CONCLUSÃO: existem graves implicações da deficiência auditiva para o desenvolvimento infantil. A implementação dos programas de triagem auditiva neonatal pode garantir a detecção precoce, o diagnóstico e a reabilitação a tempo de minimizar os efeitos da deficiência auditiva sobre o indivíduo. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to promote a theoretical approach of the relevant aspects regarding the hearing in childhood and the early detection of the infantile hearing loss. METHODS: bibliographical research on the importance of hearing in infantile development, the description of the early detection of the hearing [...] loss and usual methodology in the programs of newborn hearing screening was carried through. The period of analysis went from 1980 and the key-words were deafness, hearing loss, hearing impairment and children. RESULTS: the hearing is the basic element for the acquisition and development of language. Many are the risk indicators that can affect hearing in the pre and peri native periods. Being the early detection a determinative factor for the rehabilitation prognostic, its effectuation is of extreme importance. There are different methodologies for detecting hearing loss, however the programs of newborn hearing screening through otoacoustic emissions have been demonstrating effectiveness and feasibility. CONCLUSION: there are serious implications of hearing loss for infantile development. The implementation of the programs of newborn hearing screening can ensure early detection, diagnosis and rehabilitation in timely-manner to minimize the effect of hearing loss on the subject.

Cladi Inês, Gatto; Tania Maria, Tochetto.

288

P300 em sujeitos com perda auditiva P300 in subjects with hearing loss  

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Full Text Available TEMA: as avaliações comportamentais e eletrofisiológicas contribuem para o entendimento do sistema auditivo e do processo de intervenção. OBJETIVO: estudar P300 em sujeitos com perda auditiva neurossensorial congênita, segundo as variáveis gênero, idade e grau da perda auditiva. MÉTODO: a presente investigação consiste em um estudo descritivo, transversal. Foram examinados 29 sujeitos, sendo 15 do gênero masculino e 14 do gênero feminino, com idade entre 11 a 42 anos. Os critérios de elegibilidade para composição da amostra foram: idade superior a 11 anos e inferior a 45 anos; ser portador de deficiência auditiva congênita severa ou profunda; não apresentar outro tipo de distúrbio; não apresentar perda auditiva central e/ou comprometimento condutivo. A primeira etapa caracterizou-se por avaliação comportamental auditiva e fisiológica que incluiu: audiometria tonal limiar (via aérea e via óssea, logoaudiometria - LDV e medidas do ganho funcional para os sujeitos que faziam uso de próteses auditivas, Imitanciometria: curva timpanométrica e pesquisa dos reflexos ipsi e contra-laterais, registro das emissões otoacústicas (EOA - emissões otoacústicas transitórias (EOAT e emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção (EOAPD. A avaliação eletrofisiológica constituiu a quarta etapa do procedimento de coleta de dados e incluiu: potenciais auditivos evocados de tronco encefálico (PEATE e de longa latência (P300. RESULTADOS: o P300 foi registrado em 17 sujeitos, com latência e amplitude média de 326,97ms e 3,76V, respectivamente. Apresentou diferenças significantes da latência em relação à idade (p BACKGROUND: behavioral and electrophysiological evaluations contribute to the understanding of the hearing system and to the intervention process. AIM: to investigate the occurrence of P300 in subjects with congenital severe to profound hearing loss, according to the variables of gender, age and hearing loss level. METHOD: the design of this research is a descriptive transversal study. Twenty-nine subjects, 15 male and 14 female, ranging in age from 11 to 42 years, were evaluated. Inclusion criteria were: to have at least 11 years of age and no more than 45 years; to have the diagnosis of congenital severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; to have no other disorder; and absence of central hearing loss or any other auditory conductive disorder. The first stage consisted of an auditory behavioral and physiological evaluation, including: pure tone audiometry (air and bone conduction measures, speech audiometry, SDT (Speech Detection Threshold and functional gain measures for the subjects using hearing aids, and immittance measures - tympanometry and acoustic reflexes thresholds; transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE; distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE. The electrophysiological evaluation was the fourth stage of the study and included: auditory brainstem response (ABR and late latency response (P300. RESULTS: P300 was obtained for 17 out of the 29 subjects. Mean latency and amplitude were 326.97 ms and 3.76 V, respectively. A statistical significant difference was observed for latency when considering the variable age (electrode CzA2 p < 0.003 and CzA1 p < 0.02 and for amplitude when considering the variable hearing loss level (p < 0.0015. CONCLUSION: P300 can be recorded in subjects with hearing loss.

Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis

2007-04-01

289

[Treating age-related hearing loss: hearing aids are not very popular].  

Science.gov (United States)

Presbycusis means the deterioration of hearing resulting from the ageing process. Presbycusis can greatly affect one's quality of life; impaired hearing restricts communication and untreated presbycusis could result in social isolation and even depression. Nevertheless, only a minority of elderly with impaired hearing use a hearing aid. It is preferable to propose a hearing-aid fitting in the earliest stage possible, provided the current reimbursement criteria are met. The Dutch consensus model ('Veldnorm Hoortoestelverstrekking 2009') is the most important guideline in this regard. PMID:23614859

Snik, Ad F M; Leijendeckers, Joop M; Marres, Henri A M

2013-01-01

290

Clinical analysis of post-irradiation sensorineural hearing loss in patients suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the incidence of post-irradiation sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in patients suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma and to evaluate its potentially contributing factors. Methods: Pure tonetest and impedance audiography were carried out in patients suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma with a post-irradiation follow-up time over 1 year. Additionally, the test results were combined with clinical data and analyzed retrospectively. Results: The follow-up time of all patients ranged from 12 to 94 months (median 53 months). The incidences of SNHL at low and high frequencies were 8% and 42% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that patient's age and follow-up time affected the incidence of SNHL at high frequencies (t=2.051, P=0.0269; t=2.978, P=0.0011), but sex, preirradiation subjective hearing loss, irradiation dose and chemotherapy including cisplatin had no significance. Multivariate analysis by Binary Logistic Regression revealed that the risk of SNHL was correlated with patient's age and follow-up time (P=0.02; P=0.009). Conclusion: Post-irradiation SNHL at high frequencies in patients suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma is more common than that at low frequencies. The independent prognostic factors for development of SNHL at high frequencies are patient's age and follow-up time. But the role of preirradiation hearing level ,irradiation dose and chemotherapy including cisplatin are not conclusive and further research is needed. (authors)

291

Altered cardiovascular coupling in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss in comparison to healthy subjects.  

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The causes of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) are still unclear while SSNHL seems to be a multicausal disease. To date limited information about autonomic regulation and, especially, cardiovascular coupling (CVC) are available for those patients. The objective of this study was to characterize short-term (30 min) CVC in 23 SSNHL patients in comparison to 23 healthy age and gender matched normal hearing control subjects (CON). Further on, the results from CVC should be compared with those from standard heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) analyses. The results showed that HRV is not affected by the disease whereas BPV analysis revealed significant differences between both groups (pSSNHL exhibit a decreased short-term BPV. Results from CVC analysis demonstrated that especially the applied nonlinear methods exhibit an increased short-term CVC in SSNHL patients (pSSNHL patients. Our findings might help to improve diagnostic strategies for hearing loss caused by vascular factors. PMID:24110592

Schulz, S; Witt, K; Fischer, C; Bär, K J; Ritter, J; Guntinas-Lichius, O; Voss, A

2013-01-01

292

Evolução da perda auditiva no decorrer do envelhecimento Hearing loss in aging  

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Full Text Available A perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento refere-se à soma de perdas auditivas resultantes da degeneração fisiológica causada por exposição ao ruído, agentes ototóxicos e prejuízos causados por desordens e tratamentos médicos. Afeta cerca de 60% de todas as pessoas com idade acima de 65 anos. OBJETIVO: Verificar a degeneração do sistema auditivo no decorrer da idade através de medidas supraliminares e de sensibilidade auditiva. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. Foram avaliados 211 idosos, com idade média de 75,24 anos, sendo 61 do sexo masculino e 150 do sexo feminino. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a uma anamnese e à avaliação audiológica básica e divididos em quatro grupos, de acordo com a faixa etária. RESULTADOS: Declínio significativo do limiar nas 4 faixas etárias estabelecidas, diminuição do índice percentual de reconhecimento de fala, diferença significante com relação ao gênero. CONCLUSÃO: Com o avanço da idade, ocorreu um aumento gradual no grau da perda auditiva, os homens apresentaram limiares mais rebaixados na freqüência de 4000Hz em comparação com as mulheres e na inteligibilidade de fala observou-se decréscimo gradativo com o aumento da idade.Aging is a natural consequence of a society developing process. The city of São Paulo has almost one million people who are above sixty years of age. Age-related hearing loss equals the total hearing loss resulted from cell degeneration caused by noise exposure, ototoxic agents and the loss caused by disorders and medical treatments. AIM: To study age-related hearing degeneration by means of higher thresholds and hearing sensitivity measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional contemporary cohort study in which we assessed 211 elderly patients with mean age of 75.24 years, of whom 61 were females and 150 were males. The subjects were submitted to an interview and a conventional audiometric assessment; and later divided into four groups according to age range. RESULTS: Significant threshold drop in the four established age groups, decrease in speech recognition ratio, and a significant difference regarding gender. CONCLUSION: As age advanced there was a gradual increase in hearing loss, men showed a lower threshold in the 4000Hz frequency when compared to women, and in the speech intelligibility test thre was also a gradual decrease with aging.

Giovana dos Santos Baraldi

2007-02-01

293

Evolução da perda auditiva no decorrer do envelhecimento / Hearing loss in aging  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento refere-se à soma de perdas auditivas resultantes da degeneração fisiológica causada por exposição ao ruído, agentes ototóxicos e prejuízos causados por desordens e tratamentos médicos. Afeta cerca de 60% de todas as pessoas com idade acima de 65 anos. OBJ [...] ETIVO: Verificar a degeneração do sistema auditivo no decorrer da idade através de medidas supraliminares e de sensibilidade auditiva. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. Foram avaliados 211 idosos, com idade média de 75,24 anos, sendo 61 do sexo masculino e 150 do sexo feminino. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a uma anamnese e à avaliação audiológica básica e divididos em quatro grupos, de acordo com a faixa etária. RESULTADOS: Declínio significativo do limiar nas 4 faixas etárias estabelecidas, diminuição do índice percentual de reconhecimento de fala, diferença significante com relação ao gênero. CONCLUSÃO: Com o avanço da idade, ocorreu um aumento gradual no grau da perda auditiva, os homens apresentaram limiares mais rebaixados na freqüência de 4000Hz em comparação com as mulheres e na inteligibilidade de fala observou-se decréscimo gradativo com o aumento da idade. Abstract in english Aging is a natural consequence of a society developing process. The city of São Paulo has almost one million people who are above sixty years of age. Age-related hearing loss equals the total hearing loss resulted from cell degeneration caused by noise exposure, ototoxic agents and the loss caused b [...] y disorders and medical treatments. AIM: To study age-related hearing degeneration by means of higher thresholds and hearing sensitivity measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional contemporary cohort study in which we assessed 211 elderly patients with mean age of 75.24 years, of whom 61 were females and 150 were males. The subjects were submitted to an interview and a conventional audiometric assessment; and later divided into four groups according to age range. RESULTS: Significant threshold drop in the four established age groups, decrease in speech recognition ratio, and a significant difference regarding gender. CONCLUSION: As age advanced there was a gradual increase in hearing loss, men showed a lower threshold in the 4000Hz frequency when compared to women, and in the speech intelligibility test thre was also a gradual decrease with aging.

Giovana dos Santos, Baraldi; Lais Castro de, Almeida; Alda Cristina de Carvalho, Borges.

294

Aminoglycoside: induced hearing loss in HIV-positive and HIV-negative multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Ototoxicity following aminoglycoside treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), is a significant problem. This study documents the incidence of ototoxicity in HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients with MDR-TB and presents clinical guidelines relating to ototoxicity. METHOD [...] S: A prospective cohort study of 153 MDR-TB patients with normal hearing and middle ear status at baseline controlling for 6 mitochondrial mutations associated with aminoglycosiderelated ototoxicity, at Brooklyn Chest Hospital in Cape Town. Pure tone audiometry was performed monthly for 3 months to determine hearing loss. HIV status was recorded, as was the presence of 6 mutations in the MT-RNR1 gene. RESULTS: Fifty-seven per cent developed high-frequency hearing loss. HIV-positive patients (70%) were more likely to develop hearing loss than HIV-negative patients (42%). Of 115 patients who were genetically screened, none had MT-RNR1 mutations. CONCLUSION: Ototoxic hearing loss is common in MDR-TB patients treated with aminoglycosides. HIV-positive patients are at increased risk of ototoxicity. Auditory monitoring and auditory rehabilitation should be an integral part of the package of care of MDR-TB patients.

Tashneem, Harris; Soraya, Bardien; H Simon, Schaaf; Lucretia, Petersen; Greetje, de Jong; Johannes J, Fagan.

2012-06-01

295

Aminoglycoside: induced hearing loss in HIV-positive and HIV-negative multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Ototoxicity following aminoglycoside treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), is a significant problem. This study documents the incidence of ototoxicity in HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients with MDR-TB and presents clinical guidelines relating to ototoxicity. METHOD [...] S: A prospective cohort study of 153 MDR-TB patients with normal hearing and middle ear status at baseline controlling for 6 mitochondrial mutations associated with aminoglycosiderelated ototoxicity, at Brooklyn Chest Hospital in Cape Town. Pure tone audiometry was performed monthly for 3 months to determine hearing loss. HIV status was recorded, as was the presence of 6 mutations in the MT-RNR1 gene. RESULTS: Fifty-seven per cent developed high-frequency hearing loss. HIV-positive patients (70%) were more likely to develop hearing loss than HIV-negative patients (42%). Of 115 patients who were genetically screened, none had MT-RNR1 mutations. CONCLUSION: Ototoxic hearing loss is common in MDR-TB patients treated with aminoglycosides. HIV-positive patients are at increased risk of ototoxicity. Auditory monitoring and auditory rehabilitation should be an integral part of the package of care of MDR-TB patients.

Tashneem, Harris; Soraya, Bardien; H Simon, Schaaf; Lucretia, Petersen; Greetje, de Jong; Johannes J, Fagan.

296

Unilateral auditory cortex ablation in macaques results in a contralateral hearing loss.  

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1. The behavioral audiograms of four Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) were assessed before and after unilateral ablation of auditory cortex. The tones were presented via insertion earphones so that each ear could be tested separately. 2. Each animal had a hearing loss in the ear contralateral to the lesion, whereas the ipsilateral ear showed no change in sensitivity. The hearing loss initially appeared as a large shift in thresholds followed by rapid but incomplete recovery during the first 3-5 wk after surgery. The initial hearing loss ranged as high as 68 dB at some frequencies, although thresholds at other frequencies were occasionally unchanged. A threshold shift could be demonstrated with broadband noise as well as with tones. Although thresholds for some tones returned to normal within a few weeks, most were still elevated 16 wk after surgery when testing was discontinued. The largest long-term hearing losses occurred at frequencies from 4 to 25 kHz. 3. Analysis of the animals' psychophysical functions suggested that the hearing loss resembled a sensory deficit, as opposed to a nonsensory deficit in attention or vigilance. 4. Testing with binaural stimuli indicated that the hearing loss could best be described as a contralateral "ear" deficit, as opposed to a contralateral "auditory field" deficit. 5. It is suggested that a similar hearing loss occurs in humans after unilateral damage to auditory cortex. PMID:2769359

Heffner, H E; Heffner, R S

1989-09-01

297

The Frequency of Hearing Loss and Hearing Aid Prescription in the Clients of the Avesina Education and Health Center, Audiometry Clinic, 1377  

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Full Text Available Objective: Determining the frequency of hearing disorders and hearing aid using in the clients referring to the Avesina education and health center, audiometry clinic, 1377. Method and Material: This is an assesive-descriptive survey that conducted on more than 2053 (1234 males and 819 females who referred for audiometry after examination by a physician. Case history, otoscopy, PTA, speech and immittance audiometry were conducted for all the clients. The findings were expressed in tables and diagrams of frequency. The age and sex relationship. All types of hearing losses and the number of the hearing-impaired clients need a hearing aid were assessed. Findings: 56% of this population were hearing-impaired and 44% had normal hearing were hearing. 60% were males and 40% females. Of the hearing-impaired, 44% had SNHL, 35.6% CHL and 8.2% mixed hearing loss. The hearing aid was prescribed for 204 (83 females and121 males if they need that only 20 females and 32 males wear it. Conclusion: It this sample, SNHL is of higher frequency. According to this survey, the more the age, the more the hearing aid is accepted (85% of wearer are more than 49 the prevalence of the hearing impaired males are more than females (60% versus 40%. Only 25% of the hearing-impaired wear hearing aids.

Abbas Bastani

2003-08-01

298

Isolated contralateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss: an unusual manifestation of pontine infarct.  

Science.gov (United States)

Unilateral, acute onset sensorineural hearing loss ("sudden sensorineural hearing loss" [SSNHL]) as an isolated event without other associated neurological deficits usually results from a lesion of the cochlea. Lesions in the ascending central auditory pathways cranial to the cochlear nucleus seldom result in unilateral hearing loss due to decussation of the central auditory pathways at multiple levels. We describe a patient with a tiny acute infarct in the right pons resulting in isolated acute onset left-sided SSHNL, without any other associated acute neurological deficits. PMID:25196624

Muttikkal, Thomas Jose Eluvathingal; Kesser, Bradley W; Mukherjee, Sugoto

2014-09-01

299

The association between low levels of lead in blood and occupational noise-induced hearing loss in steel workers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As the use of leaded gasoline has ceased in the last decade, background lead exposure has generally been reduced. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of low-level lead exposure on human hearing loss. This study was conducted in a steel plant and 412 workers were recruited from all over the plant. Personal information such as demographics and work history was obtained through a questionnaire. All subjects took part in an audiometric examination of hearing thresholds, for both ears, with air-conducted pure tones at frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000 and 8000 Hz. Subjects' blood samples were collected and analyzed for levels of manganese, copper, zinc, arsenic, cadmium and lead with inductive couple plasma-mass spectrometry. Meanwhile, noise levels in different working zones were determined using a sound level meter with A-weighting network. Only subjects with hearing loss difference of no more than 15 dB between both ears and had no congenital abnormalities were included in further data analysis. Lead was the only metal in blood found significantly correlated with hearing loss for most tested sound frequencies (p < 0.05 to p < 0.0001). After adjustment for age and noise level, the logistic regression model analysis indicated that elevated blood lead over 7 ?g/dL was significantly associated with hearing loss at the sound frequencies of 3000 through 8000 Hz with odds ratios raging from 3.06 to 6.26 (p < 0.05 ? p < 0.005). We concluded that el0.05 ? p < 0.005). We concluded that elevated blood lead at level below 10 ?g/dL might enhance the noise-induced hearing loss. Future research needs to further explore the detailed mechanism.

300

Characteristics of sensorineural hearing loss secondary to inner ear acoustic trauma  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Cochlear damage secondary to exposure to acoustic trauma is the consequence of the acoustic energy effects on the hearing cells in Korti's organ. OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess the correlation between the degree of sensorineural hearing loss and the type of audiogram registered in acoustic trauma exposed patients. METHOD We analyzed 262 audiograms of patients exposed to acoustic trauma in correlation to 146 audiograms of patients with cochlear damage and hearing loss not related to acoustic trauma. "A" group consisted of acoustic trauma cases, while "B" group incorporated cases with hearing loss secondary to cochlear ischaemia or degeneration. All audiograms were subdivided with regard to the mean hearing loss into three groups: mild (21-40 dB HL, moderate (41-60 dB HL and severe (over 60 dB HL hearing loss. Based on audiogram configuration five types of audiogram were defined: type 1 flat; type 2 hearing threshold slope at 2 kHz, type 3 hearing threshold slope at 4 kHz; type 4 hearing threshold notch at 2 kHz; type 5 notch at 4 kHz. RESULTS Mild hearing loss was recorded in 163 (62.2% ears in the acoustic trauma group, while in 78 (29.8% ears we established moderate hearing loss with the maximum threshold shift at frequencies ranging from 4 kHz to 8 kHz. The least frequent was profound hearing loss, obtained in 21 (8% audiograms in the acoustic trauma group. Characteristic audiogram configurations in the acoustic trauma patient group were: type 1 (N=66; 25.2%, type 2 (N=71; 27.1%, and type 3 (N=68; 25.9%. Audiogram configurations were significanly different in the acoustic trauma group in comparison to the cochlear ischaemia group of patients (p=0.0005. CONCLUSION Cochlear damage concomitant to acoustic trauma could be assessed by the audiogram configuration. Preserved hearing acuity at low and mild frequency range indicates the limited damage to the hearing cells in Korti's organ in the apical cochlear turn.

Spremo Slobodan

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Hearing Loss in Perinatally Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected and Human Immunodeficiency Virus -Exposed but Uninfected Children and Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Little is known about hearing loss in children with HIV infection (HIV+). We examined the prevalence of hearing loss in perinatally HIV+ and HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children, compared these to the percentage with hearing loss in the general population, and evaluated possible risk factors for hearing loss in HIV+ and HEU children. Methods Audiometric examinations were completed in children who met any pre-specified criteria for possible hearing loss. The hearing examination consisted of a tympanogram in each ear and pure-tone air-conduction threshold testing from 500 through 4000 Hz. Hearing loss was defined as the pure-tone average over these frequencies ?20 dB hearing level (HL). The associations of demographic, parent/caregiver, HIV disease, and HIV treatment with hearing loss were evaluated with univariate and multivariable logistic regression models. Results Hearing testing was completed in 231 children (145 HIV+ and 86 HEU). Hearing loss occurred in 20.0% of HIV+ children and 10.5% of HEU children. After adjusting for caregiver education level, HIV infection was associated with increased odds of hearing loss [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=2.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.95–4.76, p=0.07]. Among HIV+ children, those with a CDC Class C diagnosis had over twice the odds of hearing loss (aOR=2.47, 95% CI: 1.04–5.87, p=0.04). The prevalence of hearing loss was higher in both HIV+ and HEU children compared with NHANES III children. Conclusions Hearing loss was more common in both HIV+ and HEU children than in healthy children. More advanced HIV illness increased the risk of hearing loss in HIV+ children. PMID:22549437

Torre, Peter; Zeldow, Bret; Hoffman, Howard J.; Buchanan, Ashley; Siberry, George K.; Rice, Mabel; Sirois, Patricia A.; Williams, Paige L.

2012-01-01

302

Congenital hearing impairment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Establishing the etiology of congenital hearing impairment can significantly improve treatment for certain causes of hearing loss and facilitates genetic counseling. High-resolution CT and MRI have contributed to the evaluation and management of hearing impairment. In addition, with the identification of innumerable genetic loci and genetic defects involved in hearing loss, genetic testing has emerged as an invaluable tool in the assessment of hearing impairment. Some of the common forms of congenital hearing loss are reviewed and their imaging features illustrated. (orig.)

303

Congenital hearing impairment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Establishing the etiology of congenital hearing impairment can significantly improve treatment for certain causes of hearing loss and facilitates genetic counseling. High-resolution CT and MRI have contributed to the evaluation and management of hearing impairment. In addition, with the identification of innumerable genetic loci and genetic defects involved in hearing loss, genetic testing has emerged as an invaluable tool in the assessment of hearing impairment. Some of the common forms of congenital hearing loss are reviewed and their imaging features illustrated. (orig.)

Robson, Caroline D. [Children' s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

2006-04-15

304

Cochlear Implants in Children with Hearing Loss: Maternal Expectations and Impact on the Family  

Science.gov (United States)

To facilitate evaluations of cochlear implant candidates and to promote (re)habilitation efficacy and collaboration with families, this study examined the expectations of 35 mothers with typical hearing and their beliefs and difficulties related to their child's hearing loss and current or future cochlear implantation. Questionnaires measured…

Zaidman-Zait, Anat; Most, Tova

2005-01-01

305

Early Hearing Loss and Language Abilities in Children with Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Although many children with Down syndrome experience hearing loss, there has been little research to investigate its impact on speech and language development. Studies that have investigated the association give inconsistent results. These have often been based on samples where children with the most severe hearing impairments have…

Laws, Glynis; Hall, Amanda

2014-01-01

306

Parental Support for Language Development during Joint Book Reading for Young Children with Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent and child joint book reading (JBR) characteristics and parent facilitative language techniques (FLTs) were investigated in two groups of parents and their young children; children with normal hearing (NH; "n" = 60) and children with hearing loss (HL; "n" = 45). Parent-child dyads were videotaped during JBR interactions,…

DesJardin, Jean L.; Doll, Emily R.; Stika, Carren J.; Eisenberg, Laurie S.; Johnson, Karen J.; Ganguly, Dianne Hammes; Colson, Bethany G.; Henning, Shirley C.

2014-01-01

307

School Nurses' Role in Identifying and Referring Children at Risk of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Young people are likely to experience noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), as the use of personal listening devices and other damaging factors (e.g., video games) increases. Little research has examined the role of school health personnel in the prevention and early identification of hearing impairment. A 32-item, valid and reliable survey was…

Hendershot, Candace; Pakulski, Lori A.; Thompson, Amy; Dowling, Jamie; Price, James H.

2011-01-01

308

[Acute hearing loss in the orchestral musician : Noise trauma or idiopathic sudden deafness?].  

Science.gov (United States)

During an orchestral performance musicians are exposed to high noise levels, which may exceed the intensity which could evoke hearing impairment after many years of exposure. From experience the degree of hearing loss in musicians is in general less than would be expected from the levels of exposure. The likelihood that an orchestral musician would develop a noise-induced hearing loss is much lower than for an industrial worker in a noise-intense factory. On the other hand it has to be considered that it is imperative for musicians to have non-impaired hearing to practise their profession. In some cases a sudden onset of hearing loss is traced to the noise stress of a loud performance. In such cases, the high noise levels predominantly produced by brass instruments or drums were assumed to be the cause. This publication presents five cases of expert opinions, where previous expert opinions had assumed noise or a blast trauma as the cause for the hearing loss. By careful analysis, a noise or a blast trauma was not regarded as probable in any of the cases. Interestingly, three of the five musicians had a normal contralateral hearing. In one case normal bilateral hearing was observed without the typical c(5) notch although the musician had been subject to noise stress in an orchestra for years. PMID:20721657

Brusis, T

2011-07-01

309

Fathers' Involvement in Preschool Programs for Children with and without Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors compared the involvement in children's development and education of 38 fathers of preschoolers with hearing loss to the involvement of a matched group of 36 fathers of preschoolers with normal hearing, examining correlations between child, father, and family characteristics. Fathers completed self-reports regarding their parental…

Ingber, Sara; Most, Tova

2012-01-01

310

Effect of Minimal Hearing Loss on Children's Ability to Multitask in Quiet and in Noise  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of minimal hearing loss (HL) on children's ability to perform simultaneous tasks in quiet and in noise. Method: Ten children with minimal HL and 11 children with normal hearing (NH) participated. Both groups ranged in age from 8 to 12 years. The children categorized common words…

McFadden, Brittany; Pittman, Andrea

2008-01-01

311

Sensori-neural hearing loss after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: individualized risk estimation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background and purpose: Sensori-neural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common complication to radiation therapy in the upper head and neck region. In this study, we estimated the dose response relationship for SNHL with adjustment for pre-therapeutic risk factors. Patients and methods: The pre- and post-therapeutic hearing levels were recorded in a previously published study of 20 patients receiving radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In the present study, the dose to the inner ear of these patients was estimated with a computed tomography (CT) based treatment planning system. CT data from a 'proxy patient' were used for patients with no available CT scan. SNHL was analyzed as a function of radiation dose and potential risk factors were tested. Results: The incidence of SNHL increased significantly with increasing dose to the cochlea. Increasing patient's age, and decreasing pre-therapeutic hearing level were statistically significantly associated with an increased risk of SNHL. A nomogram is presented for estimating individualized dose constraints of potential use in treatment planning. Conclusions: The inner ear is a critical structure in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the dose to the inner ear should be carefully considered when planning radiation treatment in this region

312

COMPARISON OF PROMONTORY STIMULATION TEST RESULTS BETWEEN DIFFERENT SUBSETS OF PATIENTS WITH HEARING LOSS: A NEW APPROACH IN NEUROTOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS  

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Full Text Available Promontory stimulation testing is both a valuable diagnosic tool and a crucial step in candidate selection for cochlear implantation. In this study we have compared the promontory stimulation test results between different subsets of patients with hearing loss in order to clarify the aspects of promontory stimulation which correlate best with the patients'characierisiics. Patients with severe to profound hearing loss underwent Promontory Stimulation as well as a number of other diagnostic tests. One hundred and eighty eight ears comprised the study population and were grouped into congenital, non-congenital, cochlear, reirocochlear, sudden, and progressive hearing loss groups. The congenital group (CG (n =36 had lower hearing thresholds and greater dynamic ranges than the non-congenital group (NG (n = 71. Gap detection and temporal difference limen results were also significantly better in this group. The cochlear group (CO (n = 15 had better hearing thresholds than reirocochlear (RC (n=20. The sudden-onset (SN (n = 14 group had worse dynamic ranges as compared to progressive group (PR (n=22 but did better on gap detection and temporal difference limen. Dynamic ranges decreased with age in all groups.

H. Borghei.

1998-08-01

313

The Treatment of Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Using Phle-botomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial  

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Full Text Available This randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the efficacy of phlebotomy on improvement of hearing loss. 71 patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial study. They were divided into two groups: group A received steroid and hydration therapy plus phlebotomy, while group B received the same regimen without phlebotomy. They were matched according to sex, age, Hb, and Htc. Pure tone audiometries were administered to examine the hearing levels before and after treatment. Statistical analysis showed higher improvement in 250-1000 Hz in patients whit phlebotomy (P<0.001. However, there was noticed no significant difference in hearing improvement in 2000-8000 Hz between two methods. The number (% of patients who had improvement was 29(85.3% in phlebotomy group and 21(56.8% in non-phlebotomy group. On the other hand, the number (% of patients who showed no improvement in A and B group was 5(14.7% and 16(43.2%, respectively (P=0.008. Using phlebotomy accompanied by steroid and hydration therapy leads to higher improvement in hearing loss especially in 250-1000 Hz. We think that this method has the ability to achieve better result in the management of patients with SSNHL.

Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi

2009-12-01

314

Resolução temporal em perdas auditivas sensorioneurais / Temporal resolution in sensorineural hearing loss  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resolução temporal em adultos com perdas auditivas sensorioneurais de graus leve e moderado, por meio do teste Gaps in Noise (GIN), a fim de verificar se essas perdas influenciam no desempenho do teste. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 57 pacientes, com idades entre 20 e 59 anos (30 home [...] ns e 27 mulheres), que realizaram anamnese, avaliação otorrinolaringológica, avaliação audiológica básica e triagem do processamento auditivo, com o teste Dicótico de Dígitos. Os sujeitos foram alocados nos grupos G1 (audição normal), G2 (perda auditiva leve) e G3 (perda moderada). Foi realizada análise estatística apropriada e o nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: Observou-se presença significativa de homens no grupo com perda auditiva. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas no desempenho do referido teste entre os grupos. Porém, no grupo controle, foram observados piores desempenhos, quando comparados com o critério de normalidade previsto para adultos jovens brasileiros. A média do limiar de detecção de gaps, da amostra geral, foi de 8,2 ms, em ambas as orelhas, e a média das porcentagens de acertos foi de 49,7% para a orelha direita (OD) e de 50,6% para a orelha esquerda (OE). CONCLUSÃO: A habilidade de resolução temporal avaliada pelo teste GIN não sofre influência da perda auditiva sensorioneural de graus leve e moderado, tanto nos limiares de detecção de gaps quanto na porcentagem de acertos, em ambas as orelhas. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate temporal resolution in adults with mild and moderate sensorineural hearing loss using the Gaps in Noise (GIN) test to determine whether these losses affect the test performance. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients between 20 and 59 years of age (30 men and 27 women) were evaluated; th [...] ese patients had a complete medical history taken and underwent ENT examination, basic audiological evaluation, and auditory screening via the dichotic digits test. The subjects were divided into three groups: G1 (normal hearing), G2 (mild hearing loss), and G3 (moderate hearing loss). The appropriate statistical analysis was performed, and the adopted level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: A significant proportion of men was observed in the group with hearing loss. There were no significant differences in test performance between the groups. However, the control group's performance was worse than the normality criteria set for young Brazilian adults. The mean gap detection threshold for the total sample was 8.2 ms in both ears, and the mean percentage of correct responses was 49.7% for the right ear (RE) and 50.6% for the left ear (LE). CONCLUSION: The temporal resolution evaluated by the GIN test was not influenced by mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss either in the gap detection thresholds or in the percentage of correct responses for both ears.

Giselle Goulart de Oliveira, Matos; Silvana, Frota.

2013-03-01

315

Resolução temporal em perdas auditivas sensorioneurais / Temporal resolution in sensorineural hearing loss  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a resolução temporal em adultos com perdas auditivas sensorioneurais de graus leve e moderado, por meio do teste Gaps in Noise (GIN), a fim de verificar se essas perdas influenciam no desempenho do teste. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 57 pacientes, com idades entre 20 e 59 anos (30 home [...] ns e 27 mulheres), que realizaram anamnese, avaliação otorrinolaringológica, avaliação audiológica básica e triagem do processamento auditivo, com o teste Dicótico de Dígitos. Os sujeitos foram alocados nos grupos G1 (audição normal), G2 (perda auditiva leve) e G3 (perda moderada). Foi realizada análise estatística apropriada e o nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: Observou-se presença significativa de homens no grupo com perda auditiva. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas no desempenho do referido teste entre os grupos. Porém, no grupo controle, foram observados piores desempenhos, quando comparados com o critério de normalidade previsto para adultos jovens brasileiros. A média do limiar de detecção de gaps, da amostra geral, foi de 8,2 ms, em ambas as orelhas, e a média das porcentagens de acertos foi de 49,7% para a orelha direita (OD) e de 50,6% para a orelha esquerda (OE). CONCLUSÃO: A habilidade de resolução temporal avaliada pelo teste GIN não sofre influência da perda auditiva sensorioneural de graus leve e moderado, tanto nos limiares de detecção de gaps quanto na porcentagem de acertos, em ambas as orelhas. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate temporal resolution in adults with mild and moderate sensorineural hearing loss using the Gaps in Noise (GIN) test to determine whether these losses affect the test performance. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients between 20 and 59 years of age (30 men and 27 women) were evaluated; th [...] ese patients had a complete medical history taken and underwent ENT examination, basic audiological evaluation, and auditory screening via the dichotic digits test. The subjects were divided into three groups: G1 (normal hearing), G2 (mild hearing loss), and G3 (moderate hearing loss). The appropriate statistical analysis was performed, and the adopted level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: A significant proportion of men was observed in the group with hearing loss. There were no significant differences in test performance between the groups. However, the control group's performance was worse than the normality criteria set for young Brazilian adults. The mean gap detection threshold for the total sample was 8.2 ms in both ears, and the mean percentage of correct responses was 49.7% for the right ear (RE) and 50.6% for the left ear (LE). CONCLUSION: The temporal resolution evaluated by the GIN test was not influenced by mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss either in the gap detection thresholds or in the percentage of correct responses for both ears.

Giselle Goulart de Oliveira, Matos; Silvana, Frota.

316

Targeted massive parallel sequencing: the effective detection of novel causative mutations associated with hearing loss in small families  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hereditary hearing loss is one of the most common heterogeneous disorders, and genetic variants that can cause hearing loss have been identified in over sixty genes. Most of these hearing loss genes have been detected using classical genetic methods, typically starting with linkage analysis in large families with hereditary hearing loss. However, these classical strategies are not well suited for mutation analysis in smaller families who have insufficient genetic information. Methods Eighty known hearing loss genes were selected and simultaneously sequenced by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS in 8 Korean families with autosomal dominant non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Results Five mutations in known hearing loss genes, including 1 nonsense and 4 missense mutations, were identified in 5 different genes (ACTG1, MYO1F, DIAPH1, POU4F3 and EYA4, and the genotypes for these mutations were consistent with the autosomal dominant inheritance pattern of hearing loss in each family. No mutational hot-spots were revealed in these Korean families. Conclusion Targeted NGS allowed for the detection of pathogenic mutations in affected individuals who were not candidates for classical genetic studies. This report is the first documenting the effective use of an NGS technique to detect pathogenic mutations that underlie hearing loss in an East Asian population. Using this NGS technique to establish a database of common mutations in Korean patients with hearing loss and further data accumulation will contribute to the early diagnosis and fundamental therapies for hereditary hearing loss.

Baek Jeong-In

2012-09-01

317

An unusual cause of conductive hearing loss: bilateral complete meatal obstruction following otoplasty.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many causes of conductive hearing loss. Otoplasty is a commonly performed cosmetic surgery to correction for prominent ear. We discussed an unusual cause of conductive hearing loss, bilateral complete meatal obstruction following otoplasty, in this article. This complication was probably due to unsuitable placement of the Furnas sutures. In the literature, as a cause of conductive hearing loss, unilateral complete meatal obstruction has been described rarely, but bilateral complete obstruction has not been defined. Hearing loss recovered completely after revision surgery. Correct diagnosis, accurate preoperative or perioperative examination, choice of the proper technique and surgeon experience are essential for avoiding inadequate results or complications of otoplasty. The surgeon should be aware of the cartilage elasticity and suture techniques to avoid this complication. PMID:24621760

Toplu, Yuksel; Toplu, Sibel Altunisik; Sapmaz, Emrah; Deliktas, Hacim

2014-03-01

318

Cell Phone Exposures and Hearing Loss in Children in the Danish National Birth Cohort  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Children today are exposed to cell phones early in life, and may be the most vulnerable if exposure is harmful to health. We investigated the association between cell phone use and hearing loss in children.

Sudan, Madhuri; Kheifets, Leeka

2013-01-01

319

Ectrodactyly, Ectodermal dysplasia, and Cleft Lip-Palate Syndrome; Its Association with Conductive Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Conductive hearing loss associated with the ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip palate syndrome was reported in one sporadic case and in a pedigree with four cases in three generations. (GW)

Robinson, Geoffrey C.; And Others

1973-01-01

320

An unusual case of sudden hearing loss in a young man.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute-onset hearing loss of unknown cause may be the result of a tranverse temporal bone fracture. CT imaging is indicated for patients with acute focal neurologic deficits of uncertain cause. PMID:24049939

Marthedal, Erin; Geib, Ann-Jeannette; McCoy, Jonathan

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
321

Sensori-neural hearing loss after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: individualized risk estimation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Sensori-neural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common complication to radiation therapy in the upper head and neck region. In this study, we estimated the dose response relationship for SNHL with adjustment for pre-therapeutic risk factors.

Honoré, Henriette B; Bentzen, SØren

2002-01-01

322

Two Iranian families with a novel mutation in GJB2 causing autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mutations in GJB2, encoding connexin 26 (Cx26), cause both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) at the DFNA3 and DFNB1 loci, respectively. Most of the over 100 described GJB2 mutations cause ARNSHL. Only a minority has been associated with autosomal dominant hearing loss. In this study, we present two families with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss caused by a novel mutation in GJB2 (p.Asp46Asn). Both families were ascertained from the same village in northern Iran consistent with a founder effect. This finding implicates the D46N missense mutation in Cx26 as a common cause of deafness in this part of Iran mandating mutation screening of GJB2 for D46N in all persons with hearing loss who originate from this geographic region. PMID:21484990

Bazazzadegan, Niloofar; Sheffield, Abraham M; Sobhani, Masoomeh; Kahrizi, Kimia; Meyer, Nicole C; Van Camp, Guy; Hilgert, Nele; Abedini, Seyedeh Sedigheh; Habibi, Farkhondeh; Daneshi, Ahmad; Nishimura, Carla; Avenarius, Matthew R; Farhadi, Mohammad; Smith, Richard J H; Najmabadi, Hossein

2011-05-01

323

Display graphic depicting the effects of 'Noise Induced Hearing Loss' (NIHL), created as  

Science.gov (United States)

Display graphic depicting the effects of 'Noise Induced Hearing Loss' (NIHL), created as part of a Cleveland Institute of Art, Bachelor of Fine Arts thesis project in cooperation with the NASA Glenn Research Center Acoustical Testing Laboratory

2005-01-01

324

Fluctuating mixed-type hearing loss associated with synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteomyelitis (SAPHO) syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Synovitis, acne, palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP), hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) are the characteristic features of SAPHO syndrome. A 53-year-old woman had been treated for PPP for 2 years. She complained of hearing loss in the right ear, and otitis externa was diagnosed. The pure-tone audiogram (PTA) indicated mild hearing loss in the right ear, and her hearing continued to deteriorate despite recovery from inflammation. Her tympanogram was of the As-type, and acoustic reflex was absent in the right ear. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed bilateral normal ossicles and cochleas. Bone scintigraphy revealed tracer uptake in the bilateral sternoclavicular joints, glenohumeral joints, and the capital humerus. She was hospitalized for arthralgia, and the pain was controlled with steroid therapy. Her right hearing deteriorated soon after the tapering of the steroid; her hearing recovered after cyclosporine therapy was initiated. The first tonsil provocation test showed increased blood cells in the urine, and the second test showed exacerbation of pustulosis. Despite immunosuppressant therapy, the arthritis attacks and hearing loss persisted; therefore, tonsillectomy was performed, which improved PPP. However, her hearing remained unchanged after the operation. We considered that irreversible changes might have already developed in the ossicular joints, and ossicular reconstruction was performed. Thereafter, her hearing and earache improved. PMID:19864094

Shimizu, Shigetaka; Yukawa, Kumiko; Kawaguchi, Sachie; Okubo, Yukari; Suzuki, Mamoru

2010-08-01

325

Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children.  

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BACKGROUND: OME is common and may cause hearing loss with associated developmental delay. Treatment remains controversial. The effect of both systemic and intra-nasal steroids on effusions has been assessed by randomised controlled trials. OBJECTIVES: To examine evidence for or against treating children with hearing loss associated with OME with systemic or topical nasal steroids. SEARCH STRATEGY: Searches were conducted in February 2000. We searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register us...

Butler, Cc

2000-01-01

326

Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is common and may cause hearing loss with associated developmental delay. Treatment remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To examine evidence for or against treating children with hearing loss associated with OME with systemic or topical intranasal steroids. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library Issue 4 20...

Thomas, Cl; Simpson, S.; Butler, Cc; Voort, Jh

2006-01-01

327

Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is common and may cause hearing loss with associated developmental delay. Treatment remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence for treating children with hearing loss associated with OME with systemic or topical intranasal steroids. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane ENT Group Trials Register; CENTRAL; PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; BIOSIS Previews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts; mRCT and additional sources for publ...

Simpson, Sa; Lewis, R.; Voort, J.; Butler, Cc

2011-01-01

328

Children's Hearing Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Link: Child Hearing Screening Link: The Necessity of Early Intervention in Hearing Link: Earaches and Otitis Media Link: Ear Infection and Hearing Loss Link: Swimmer's Ear Link: Infant Hearing Loss Link: Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children

329

Independent impacts of age and hearing loss on spatial release in a complex auditory environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Listeners in complex auditory environments can benefit from the ability to use a variety of spatial and spectrotemporal cues for sound source segregation. Probing these abilities is an essential part of gaining a more complete understanding of why listeners differ in navigating the auditory environment. Two fundamental processes that can impact the auditory systems of individual listeners are aging and hearing loss. One difficulty with uncovering the independent effects of age and hearing loss on spatial release is the commonly observed phenomenon of age-related hearing loss. In order to reveal the effects of aging on spatial hearing, it is essential to develop testing methods that reduce the influence of hearing loss on the outcomes. The statistical power needed for such testing generally requires a larger number of participants than can easily be tested using traditional behavioral methods. This work describes the development and validation of a rapid method by which listeners can be categorized in terms of their ability to use spatial and spectrotemporal cues to separate competing speech streams. Results show that when age and audibility are not covarying, age alone can be shown to substantially reduce spatial release from masking. These data support the hypothesis that aging, independent of an individual’s hearing threshold, can result in changes in the cortical and/or subcortical structures essential for spatial hearing.

FrederickJeromeGallun

2013-12-01

330

[Listening to music in hearing loss with and without a hearing aid].  

Science.gov (United States)

By means of a questionnaire it was investigated how in individuals who had previously had normal hearing deafness influences their pleasure and habits in listening to music, and which role a hearing aid can play in this respect. Out of 330 questionnaires returned, 206 could be statistically evaluated. 95% reported that formerly they had liked music, light music coming from the radio being the most frequently mentioned type of music and medium. 36% had formerly played an instrument or had enjoyed singing. 79% feel that their deafness has affected their pleasure in listening to music. Most common complaints refer to the fact that everything sounds distorted and wrong, melodies cannot be recognised any longer, the text of songs is not understood. 60% are fitted with one hearing aid, 40% have binaural hearing aids. 67% report that the hearing aid has rendered listening to music again more pleasurable, and 74% use their hearing aid more or less regularly when listening to music. The distorted sound and the fast alternating between "too soft" and "too loud", forcing the subject to continually adjusting his hearing aid, seem to be among the most annoying features. PMID:3236982

Feldmann, H; Kumpf, W

1988-10-01

331

Air blast circuit breaker noise and hearing loss: a multifactorial model for risk assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The assessment of the risk to hearing from impulse noise exposure may be a problem for the occupational physician because existing legislative and international noise exposure standards deal primarily with continuous noise, and are not valid in excess of the peak exposure limit of 200 pa (140 dB). Noise exposure in excess of this level, for example that due to firearms, is frequently perceived as harmful, but this is not necessarily the case, as impulse noise standards do, in fact, allow exposure with a maximum in the order of 6.3 kPa (170 dB). To illustrate this, a cross-sectional group of electrical transmission workers have been studied who were exposed to significant levels of impulse noise from air blast circuit breakers and firearms. Important hearing loss factors have been identified by means of a specially designed questionnaire. Using the Health & Safety Executive definition, the risk of hearing loss was determined by calculating prevalence odds ratios (ORs) for exposure to these factors. The OR for those with fewer than eight unprotected air blast circuit breaker exposures was 2.27 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-5.08), whilst for those with more than eight exposures the OR was 2.10 (95% CI, 0.97-4.54). For firearm exposure, ORs of 1.61 (95% CI, 0.95-2.74) were noted in the medium exposure group and 2.05 (95% CI, 1.08-3.86) in the high exposure group. When all the factors were included in the model, the most significant factor was age. The study gives support to the impulse noise exposure criteria, confirming the borderline risk from air blast circuit breaker noise exposure and the relative safety of moderate gunfire exposure. PMID:10912360

McBride, D I; Williams, S

2000-04-01

332

An Evaluation of Sensory Neural Hearing Loss in Thalassaemic Patients Treated with Desferrioxamine and Its Risk Factors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Back ground: In major thalassaemia patients who need blood transfusion, iron overload is a major therapeutic disadvantage that leads to heart failure which is the major cause of death in such patients. Desferrioxamine (DFO is the most efficient factor for iron chelation, but it carries adverse effects such sensory-neural hearing loss. Methods: The study began in March 2002 and continued untill March 2003, on 160 cases of thalassaemia to determine the incidence of sensory – neural hearing loss and its risk factors in patients who received Desferrioxamine (DFO. All cases underwent audiometric tests. Retrospectively, other needed information were either obtained through interview or extracted from the medical files. Results were analyzed with ANOVA, t-test and Chi-square tests. Results: Seventy-six patients of the total 156 patients showed impairment in PTA (48.7% with 24 of them suffering significant involvement (15.4%. These abnormalities generally affected high frequencies including, 4000 and 8000 Hz. Male gender, increased serum billirubin level and fasting blood sugar were statistically correlated with hearing loss (p.v = 0.038, p.v = 0.38, p.v = 0.002 respectively. There was no significant correlation between hearing loss and other factors. Mean DFO administration in patients, was 29.69 mg/kg/day and mean therapeutic index of DFO was 0.01 mg/kg/day/mg/lit. Both of them were below the critical level (<40mg/kg/day and <0.025mg/kg/day/mg/lit respectively, however hearing loss had developed. Conclusion: Controlling DFO dosage per se does not seem to be enough for decreasing ototoxicity rate. Periodic audiometric tests are highly recommended to detect hearing loss as soon as possible. There are some other factors such as male gender, increased billirubin and FBS, which contribute to DFO ototoxicity. Looking for these risk factors and controlling them, would help identifying susceptible patients and preventing this complication. Key words: Desferrioxamine (DFO, Sensory-neural hearing loss (SNHL, Thalassaemia therapeutic index (TI

M Sonbolestan

2005-07-01

333

[Hearing loss as the leading symptom in anterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction].  

Science.gov (United States)

Hearing impairment is a rare but characteristic symptom of vertebrobasilar occlusive disease. Two patients with anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) infarction and hearing loss as presenting complaint, are described. In patient 1 progressive bilateral AICA infarction was caused by occlusion of the basilar artery, verified by transcranial Doppler sonography. Initial dizziness and bilateral hearing loss were followed by ataxia, dysarthria, dysphagia and right facial sensory impairment. Hearing loss improved during the second week, parallel to a temporary partial recanalisation of the basilar artery, but the patient subsequently developed further progressive brain stem symptoms and died. A right-sided AICA-infarction was diagnosed in patient 2. Initial symptoms were right-sided deafness and dizziness. Neurological examination revealed nystagmus, ataxia and involvement of th 5th and 6th cranial nerve. A progressive improvement of hearing loss and total recovery of the other brain stem symptoms was evident. In conclusion every patient with sudden hearing loss should be examined for additional brain stem symptoms since this can be the presenting sign of a life-threatening basilar artery thrombosis. PMID:9565760

Deschauer, M; Georgiadis, D; Lindner, A

1998-03-01

334

Hydrogen-Saturated Saline Protects Intensive Narrow Band Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Guinea Pigs through an Antioxidant Effect  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate hydrogen-saturated saline protecting intensive narrow band noise-induced hearing loss. Guinea pigs were divided into three groups: hydrogen-saturated saline; normal saline; and control. For saline administration, the guinea pigs were given daily abdominal injections (1 ml/100 g) 3 days before and 1 h before narrow band noise exposure (2.5–3.5 kHz 130 dB SPL, 1 h). The guinea pigs in the control group received no treatment. The hearing function was assessed by the auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) recording. The changes of free radicals in the cochlea before noise exposure, and immediately and 7 days after noise exposure were also examined. By Scanning electron microscopy and succinate dehydrogenase staining, we found that pre-treatment with hydrogen-saturated saline significantly reduced noise-induced hair cell damage and hearing loss. We also found that the malondialdehyde, lipid peroxidation, and hydroxyl levels were significantly lower in the hydrogen-saturated saline group after noise trauma, indicating that hydrogen-saturated saline can decrease the amount of harmful free radicals caused by noise trauma. Our findings suggest that hydrogen-saturated saline is effective in preventing intensive narrow band noise-induced hearing loss through the antioxidant effect. PMID:24945316

Chen, Liwei; Yu, Ning; Lu, Yan; Wu, Longjun; Chen, Daishi; Guo, Weiwei; Zhao, Lidong; Liu, Mingbo; Yang, Shiming; Sun, Xuejun; Zhai, Suoqiang

2014-01-01

335

Programa de prevenção de perdas auditivas em pescadores: perfil auditivo e ações educativas / Hearing loss prevention program in fishermen: hearing profile and educational actions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: caracterizar o perfil de pescadores participantes de uma ação educativa desenvolvida como parte do Programa de Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas. MÉTODO: estudo seccional realizado com 52 pescadores industriais. Realizou-se ações educativas abordando temas pertinentes à audição, como funcionam [...] ento e cuidados. Após a ação, os participantes responderam a um questionário com questões referentes aos conceitos empregados na palestra e às queixas apresentadas, a seguir fizeram o exame de audiometria. RESULTADOS: a idade dos pescadores variou de 24 a 65 anos (média de 42,8 anos). 61,53% das audiometrias estavam alteradas, sendo que 96,8% dos pescadores com alterações auditivas tinham mais de 40 anos. No questionário respondido, 78,84% dos pescadores consideram que o ruído das embarcações é de forte intensidade; 17,31% referiam dificuldades auditivas; 30,77% com dificuldades em compreender fala e 46,15% com zumbido. 76,92% responderam que além da perda auditiva, o zumbido é um dos efeitos relacionados à exposição ao ruído. Todos estes resultados indicam a necessidade de intervenção preventiva individual e coletiva nesta população. O índice de perdas auditivas é um número que chama a atenção, porém, poucos sentem dificuldades auditivas. A ação educativa realizada foi o primeiro passo para a conscientização destes trabalhadores em relação à prevenção dos prejuízos que a exposição ao ruído pode causar à saúde. CONCLUSÕES: houve dependência significante entre o perfil auditivo e a idade dos pescadores, ou seja, a ocorrência de alterações auditivas é significativamente maior a partir de 40 anos de idade. Assim, os pescadores que apresentavam mais de 40 anos de idade tem 18,05 vezes mais alterações auditivas do que os com menos de 40 anos. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to characterize fishermen's profile, participating in an educational program developed as part of the Prevention of Hearing Loss. METHOD: a cross-sectional study conducted with 52 fishing industry. We carried out educational activities on topics relevant to hearing, such as, operation and c [...] are. After the program, the participants answered a questionnaire on the concepts used in the lecture and the presented complaints, and then they passed through the audiometric exam. RESULTS: the age of the participants varied from 24 to 65 year old (average 42.8 year old). 61.53% of audiometry exams were altered and 96.8% of fishermen with hearing loss were more than 40 year old. Answering the questionnaire: 78.84% of the fishermen feel the noise of boats is very intense, 17.31% reported hearing difficulties; 30.77% with difficulty to understanding speech and 46.15% with tinnitus. 76.92% answered that along with hearing loss, tinnitus is one of the effects related to exposure to noise. All these findings indicate the need for individual and collective preventive intervention in this population. The rate of hearing loss is a number that draws attention; however, few have hearing difficulty. The performed educational program was the first step to awareness of these workers regarding prevention of the damage that exposure to noise may come to cause to health. CONCLUSIONS: there was significant dependence between the auditory and age of the fishermen, in other words, the occurrence of hearing loss is significantly greater from 40 year old. Thus, the fishermen who were more than 40 year old had 18.05 times more hearing loss than those who are less than 40 year old.

Adriana Betes, Heupa; Claudia Giglio de Oliveira, Gonçalves; Evelyn Joice, Albizu; Milena Raquel, Iantas; Adriana Bender Moreira de, Lacerda; Diolen Conceição Barros, Lobato.

1009-10-01

336

Programa de prevenção de perdas auditivas em pescadores: perfil auditivo e ações educativas / Hearing loss prevention program in fishermen: hearing profile and educational actions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: caracterizar o perfil de pescadores participantes de uma ação educativa desenvolvida como parte do Programa de Prevenção de Perdas Auditivas. MÉTODO: estudo seccional realizado com 52 pescadores industriais. Realizou-se ações educativas abordando temas pertinentes à audição, como funcionam [...] ento e cuidados. Após a ação, os participantes responderam a um questionário com questões referentes aos conceitos empregados na palestra e às queixas apresentadas, a seguir fizeram o exame de audiometria. RESULTADOS: a idade dos pescadores variou de 24 a 65 anos (média de 42,8 anos). 61,53% das audiometrias estavam alteradas, sendo que 96,8% dos pescadores com alterações auditivas tinham mais de 40 anos. No questionário respondido, 78,84% dos pescadores consideram que o ruído das embarcações é de forte intensidade; 17,31% referiam dificuldades auditivas; 30,77% com dificuldades em compreender fala e 46,15% com zumbido. 76,92% responderam que além da perda auditiva, o zumbido é um dos efeitos relacionados à exposição ao ruído. Todos estes resultados indicam a necessidade de intervenção preventiva individual e coletiva nesta população. O índice de perdas auditivas é um número que chama a atenção, porém, poucos sentem dificuldades auditivas. A ação educativa realizada foi o primeiro passo para a conscientização destes trabalhadores em relação à prevenção dos prejuízos que a exposição ao ruído pode causar à saúde. CONCLUSÕES: houve dependência significante entre o perfil auditivo e a idade dos pescadores, ou seja, a ocorrência de alterações auditivas é significativamente maior a partir de 40 anos de idade. Assim, os pescadores que apresentavam mais de 40 anos de idade tem 18,05 vezes mais alterações auditivas do que os com menos de 40 anos. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to characterize fishermen's profile, participating in an educational program developed as part of the Prevention of Hearing Loss. METHOD: a cross-sectional study conducted with 52 fishing industry. We carried out educational activities on topics relevant to hearing, such as, operation and c [...] are. After the program, the participants answered a questionnaire on the concepts used in the lecture and the presented complaints, and then they passed through the audiometric exam. RESULTS: the age of the participants varied from 24 to 65 year old (average 42.8 year old). 61.53% of audiometry exams were altered and 96.8% of fishermen with hearing loss were more than 40 year old. Answering the questionnaire: 78.84% of the fishermen feel the noise of boats is very intense, 17.31% reported hearing difficulties; 30.77% with difficulty to understanding speech and 46.15% with tinnitus. 76.92% answered that along with hearing loss, tinnitus is one of the effects related to exposure to noise. All these findings indicate the need for individual and collective preventive intervention in this population. The rate of hearing loss is a number that draws attention; however, few have hearing difficulty. The performed educational program was the first step to awareness of these workers regarding prevention of the damage that exposure to noise may come to cause to health. CONCLUSIONS: there was significant dependence between the auditory and age of the fishermen, in other words, the occurrence of hearing loss is significantly greater from 40 year old. Thus, the fishermen who were more than 40 year old had 18.05 times more hearing loss than those who are less than 40 year old.

Adriana Betes, Heupa; Claudia Giglio de Oliveira, Gonçalves; Evelyn Joice, Albizu; Milena Raquel, Iantas; Adriana Bender Moreira de, Lacerda; Diolen Conceição Barros, Lobato.

337

Dissonance perception by listeners with sensorineural hearing loss  

Science.gov (United States)

The perceived dissonance of two simultaneous tones (a dyad) depends upon their frequency separation (in the case of two pure tones) or their fundamental frequency ratio (in the case of two harmonic complex tones). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the perceived dissonance of puretone and harmonic complex dyads is altered in the presence of sensorineural hearing (SNHL), and, if so, whether this can be explained by the reduced frequency selectivity typically associated with SNHL. Four normal-hearing and four hearing-impaired listeners evaluated the dissonance of puretone and harmonic complex dyads centered at 500 and 2000 Hz. Frequency selectivity was estimated at 500 and 2000 Hz for each listener. People with SNHL rated the dissonance of puretone dyads similarly to the normal-hearing listeners, although auditory sensitivity and frequency selectivity differed considerably between the groups. However, their ratings of harmonic complex dyads did not show the pronounced differences in dissonance as a function of fundamental frequency ratio that were observed in the normal-hearing group. The poorer frequency selectivity of these listeners may have allowed more extensive interactions to occur among harmonic components, resulting in a less clear separation of dissonance and consonance. [Work supported by NIH-NIDCD.

Tufts, Jennifer B.; Leek, Marjorie R.; Molis, Michelle R.

2001-05-01

338

Mutation of the ATP-gated P2X(2) receptor leads to progressive hearing loss and increased susceptibility to noise.  

Science.gov (United States)

Age-related hearing loss and noise-induced hearing loss are major causes of human morbidity. Here we used genetics and functional studies to show that a shared cause of these disorders may be loss of function of the ATP-gated P2X(2) receptor (ligand-gated ion channel, purinergic receptor 2) that is expressed in sensory and supporting cells of the cochlea. Genomic analysis of dominantly inherited, progressive sensorineural hearing loss DFNA41 in a six-generation kindred revealed a rare heterozygous allele, P2RX2 c.178G > T (p.V60L), at chr12:133,196,029, which cosegregated with fully penetrant hearing loss in the index family, and also appeared in a second family with the same phenotype. The mutation was absent from more than 7,000 controls. P2RX2 p.V60L abolishes two hallmark features of P2X(2) receptors: ATP-evoked inward current response and ATP-stimulated macropore permeability, measured as loss of ATP-activated FM1-43 fluorescence labeling. Coexpression of mutant and WT P2X(2) receptor subunits significantly reduced ATP-activated membrane permeability. P2RX2-null mice developed severe progressive hearing loss, and their early exposure to continuous moderate noise led to high-frequency hearing loss as young adults. Similarly, among family members heterozygous for P2RX2 p.V60L, noise exposure exacerbated high-frequency hearing loss in young adulthood. Our results suggest that P2X(2) function is required for life-long normal hearing and for protection from exposure to noise. PMID:23345450

Yan, Denise; Zhu, Yan; Walsh, Tom; Xie, Dinghua; Yuan, Huijun; Sirmaci, Asli; Fujikawa, Taro; Wong, Ann Chi Yan; Loh, Tze L; Du, Lilin; Grati, M'hamed; Vlajkovic, Srdjan M; Blanton, Susan; Ryan, Allen F; Chen, Zheng-Yi; Thorne, Peter R; Kachar, Bechara; Tekin, Mustafa; Zhao, Hong-Bo; Housley, Gary D; King, Mary-Claire; Liu, Xue Z

2013-02-01

339

A Truncating Mutation in SERPINB6 Is Associated with Autosomal-Recessive Nonsyndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

More than 270 million people worldwide have hearing loss that affects normal communication. Although astonishing progress has been made in the identification of more than 50 genes for deafness during the past decade, the majority of deafness genes are yet to be identified. In this study, we mapped a previously unknown autosomal-recessive nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss locus (DFNB91) to chromosome 6p25 in a consanguineous Turkish family. The degree of hearing loss was moderate to severe in affected individuals. We subsequently identified a nonsense mutation (p.E245X) in SERPINB6, which is located within the linkage interval for DFNB91 and encodes for an intracellular protease inhibitor. The p.E245X mutation cosegregated in the family as a completely penetrant autosomal-recessive trait and was absent in 300 Turkish controls. The mRNA expression of SERPINB6 was reduced and production of protein was absent in the peripheral leukocytes of homozygotes, suggesting that the hearing loss is due to loss of function of SERPINB6. We also demonstrated that SERPINB6 was expressed primarily in the inner ear hair cells. We propose that SERPINB6 plays an important role in the inner ear in the protection against leakage of lysosomal content during stress and that loss of this protection results in cell death and sensorineural hearing loss. PMID:20451170

S?rmac?, Asl?; Erbek, Seyra; Price, Justin; Huang, Mingqian; Duman, Duygu; Cengiz, F. Ba?ak; Bademci, Güney; Tokgöz-Y?lmaz, Suna; Hi?mi, Burcu; Özda?, Hilal; Öztürk, Banu; Kulaks?zo?lu, Sevsen; Y?ld?r?m, Erkan; Kokotas, Haris; Grigoriadou, Maria; Petersen, Michael B.; Shahin, Hashem; Kanaan, Moien; King, Mary-Claire; Chen, Zheng-Yi; Blanton, Susan H.; Liu, Xue Z.; Zuchner, Stephan; Akar, Nejat; Tekin, Mustafa

2010-01-01

340

Medical surveillance of occupational Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) at RAPS hospital  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: One of the most challenging roles of a Certifying Surgeon is to act as catalyst for change. This paper is a presentation of the impact of such an effort. Noise is the insidious of all industrial pollutants, involving every industry and causing severe hearing loss. Exposure to excessive noise is the major avoidable cause of permanent hearing impairment. Noise - induced hearing loss (NIHL) is bilateral and symmetrical, usually affecting the higher frequencies 3 k, 4 k or 6 kHz ) and then spreading to the lower frequencies (0.5 k,1 k or 2 kHz). The major health effects are lack of concentration, irritation, fatigue, headache, sleep disturbances etc. Hearing protectors should be used when engineering controls and work practices are not feasible for reducing noise exposure to safe levels. Ear muffs, ear plugs and ear canal caps are the main types of hearing protectors. Awareness should be created among workers about the harmful effects of noise on hearing and other body systems by implementing compulsory education noise conservation programmes. The practice followed at RAPS Hospital for medical surveillance of Occupational Noise Induced Hearing Loss is being briefed

 
 
 
 
341

Genetic and audiologic study in elderly with sensorineural hearing loss / Estudo genético e audiológico em idosos com perda auditiva sensorioneural  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo correlacionar prováveis fatores predisponentes para a perda auditiva sensorioneural em idosos, investigando as características audiológicas e a frequência de mutações em genes considerados responsáveis por perda auditiva não-sindrômica. MÉTODOS: Sessenta idos [...] os foram separados em dois grupos: Grupo de Caso, composto por 30 indivíduos, 21 do gênero feminino e nove do gênero masculino, com 60 anos ou mais, apresentando diagnóstico de perda auditiva sensorioneural, e o Grupo Controle, composto por 30 idosos pareados com o grupo experimental por idade e gênero, apresentando audição normal. Os pacientes foram submetidos à anamnese e audiometria tonal liminar nas frequências de 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 e 6000 Hz. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de cada paciente para análise de mutações em genes nucleares e mitocondriais relacionados à perda auditiva sensorioneural não sindrômica. RESULTADOS: Houve uma maior tendência à exposição a ruído e consumo de bebidas alcoólicas no Grupo de Caso. Os sintomas estatisticamente significativos entre os grupos foram zumbido e dificuldade para ouvir em diversas situações como: ambiente silencioso, telefone, televisão, localização sonora e na igreja. Todos os indivíduos do Grupo de Caso apresentaram perda auditiva sensorioneural bilateral. A simetria e progressão da deficiência auditiva também foram estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos. Não foram identificadas mutações genéticas. CONCLUSÃO: Os sintomas mais relatados foram zumbido e dificuldades de comunicação. As características audiológicas predominantes foram perda auditiva sensorioneural, bilateral, simétrica e progressiva. Não foi evidenciada relação entre perda auditiva sensorioneural em idosos e genes considerados responsáveis por perda auditiva não sindrômica, pois não foram encontradas mutações genéticas neste estudo. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This study aimed to correlate probable predisposing factors for sensorineural hearing loss in elderly by investigating the audiologic characteristics and frequency of mutations in genes considered responsible for non-syndromic hearing loss. METHODS: Sixty elderly patients were separated int [...] o two groups: the Case Group, composed of 30 individuals, 21 females and nine males, all 60 years old or older and presenting diagnoses of sensorineural hearing loss, and the Control Group, composed of 30 elderly individuals matched to the experimental group by age and gender, presenting normal hearing. The patients underwent anamnesis and pure tone audiometry in frequencies of 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 and 6000 Hz. Blood samples were collected from each patient for analysis of mutations in nuclear and mitochondrial genes related to non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: It was observed a greater tendency to noise exposure and consumption of alcohol in the Case Group. The statistically significant symptoms between the groups were tinnitus and hearing difficulty in several situations as: silent environment, telephone, television, sound location and in church. All the individuals of Case Group presented sensorineural and bilateral hearing loss. The symmetry and progression of the hearing impairment were also statistically significant between the groups. No genetic mutations were identified. CONCLUSION: The most reported symptoms were communication difficulties and tinnitus. The predominant auditory characteristics included sensorineural, bilateral, progressive and symmetrical hearing loss. It was not evidenced a relationship between sensorineural hearing loss in elderly and genes considered responsible for non-syndromic hearing loss as no genetic mutation was found in this study.

Kelly, Martins; Marília, Fontenele; Silva, Câmara; Edi Lúcia, Sartorato.

342

Intratympanic dexamethasone perfusion versus injection for treatment of refractory sudden sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intratympanic steroid treatment for the sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) has a long history and many techniques have been developed. The efficacies are varied in different studies owing to different criteria, steroid type and dose, delivery methods, or absence of comparison groups. Recently, animal experiments suggested that continuous delivery systems produce the higher inner ear drug concentrations than other ways. This study was aimed at evaluating the efficacies of intratympanic dexamethasone perfusion versus injection for treatment of refractory sudden sensorineural hearing loss (RSSNHL). A total of 136 patients were enrolled in this nonrandomized, prospective, controlled study. Thirty-two patients were treated with continuous intratympanic dexamethasone perfusion via round window microcatheter by an electronic pump at a rate of 10 ?l/min twice daily for 7 days and 34 patients underwent intratympanic dexamethasone injection of the same dosage. Seventy patients who refused to undertake further treatment were selected as a control group. Pure-tone audiometry results were obtained before and after treatments. Minimum follow-up time from the last treatment was 1 month. There were no serious adverse events in the treatment groups. Hearing improvement rate (HIR) of SSNHL in perfusion group was 40.6 %, which was significantly higher than in the injection and control groups (20.6 and 7.7 %, respectively). HIR had no relation with sex, age, and associated symptoms. Results indicated that intratympanic dexamethasone perfusion by external electronic pump with gelatin sponge placement in round window niche is an efficacious and safe method for the treatment of RSSNHL, showing superiority to simple injection through the drum. PMID:22669272

Li, Lihua; Ren, Jihao; Yin, Tuanfang; Liu, Wei

2013-03-01

343

Clinical phenotype and mutations in connexin 26 (DFNB1/GJB2), the most common cause of childhood hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mutations in the gene for connexin 26, GJB2, are the most common cause of hearing loss in American and European populations, with a carrier rate of about 3%-a rate similar to that for cystic fibrosis. A single mutation, 35delG, is responsible for most of this autosomal recessive hearing loss, DFNB1. A broad spectrum of mutations in GJB2 has been found to be associated with hearing loss, including another deletion mutation, 167delT, which has a carrier rate of about 4% in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Mutations in GJB2 have also been found to be associated with dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss, DFNA3. Clinical studies have shown that the recessive hearing loss can vary from mild to profound, even within the same sibship. This type of hearing loss is nonsyndromic and is accompanied by normal vision, vestibular responses, and no malformations of the inner ear detectable by computed tomography scanning. Progressive and asymmetrical hearing loss has been noted in some cases, but it accounts for fewer than one-third of the cases of this type of hearing loss. The discovery of mutations in GJB2 that cause hearing loss has profound implications in the early diagnosis of hearing loss in general. The relative ease of diagnosis by genetic testing of Cx26 permits early identification of children with GJB2/DFNB1 hearing loss. This testing, coupled with hearing loss diagnosed by infant auditory brainstem response audiometry, will ensure that hearing-impaired children and their parents receive proper medical, audiologic, genetic, and educational counseling. Am. J. Med. Genet. (Semin. Med. Genet.) 89:130-136, 1999. PMID:10704187

Cohn, E S; Kelley, P M

1999-09-24

344

Perception of across-frequency asynchrony by listeners with cochlear hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cochlear hearing loss is often associated with broader tuning of the cochlear filters. Cochlear response latencies are dependent on the filter bandwidths, so hearing loss may affect the relationship between latencies across different characteristic frequencies. This prediction was tested by investigating the perception of synchrony between two tones exciting different regions of the cochlea in listeners with hearing loss. Subjective judgments of synchrony were compared with thresholds for asynchrony discrimination in a three-alternative forced-choice task. In contrast to earlier data from normal-hearing (NH) listeners, the synchronous-response functions obtained from the hearing-impaired (HI) listeners differed in patterns of symmetry and often had a very low peak (i.e., maximum proportion of "synchronous" responses). Also in contrast to data from NH listeners, the quantitative and qualitative correspondence between the data from the subjective and the forced-choice tasks was often poor. The results do not provide strong evidence for the influence of changes in cochlear mechanics on the perception of synchrony in HI listeners, and it remains possible that age, independent of hearing loss, plays an important role in temporal synchrony and asynchrony perception. PMID:23612740

Wojtczak, Magdalena; Beim, Jordan A; Micheyl, Christophe; Oxenham, Andrew J

2013-08-01

345

Accelerated loss of hearing and vision in the DNA-repair deficient Ercc1(?/-) mouse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Age-related loss of hearing and vision are two very common disabling conditions, but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Damage by reactive oxygen species and other reactive cellular metabolites, which in turn may damage macromolecules such as DNA, has been implicated in both processes. To investigate whether DNA damage can contribute to age-related hearing and vision loss, we investigated hearing and vision in Ercc1(?/-) mutant mice, which are deficient in DNA repair of helix-distorting DNA lesions and interstrand DNA crosslinks. Ercc1(?/-) mice showed a progressive, accelerated increase of hearing level thresholds over time, most likely arising from deteriorating cochlear function. Ercc1(?/-) mutants also displayed a progressive decrease in contrast sensitivity followed by thinning of the outer nuclear layer of the eyeball. The strong parallels with normal ageing suggest that unrepaired DNA damage can induce age-related decline of the auditory and visual system. PMID:22257940

Spoor, Marcella; Nagtegaal, A Paul; Ridwan, Yanto; Borgesius, Nils Z; van Alphen, Bart; van der Pluijm, Ingrid; Hoeijmakers, Jan H J; Frens, Maarten A; Borst, J Gerard G

2012-01-01

346

[Laser Doppler vibrometry: a new tool for diagnosing hearing loss with an intact eardrum].  

Science.gov (United States)

The diagnosis of hearing loss with an intact eardrum frequently requires an entire battery of hearing tests, without the guarantee of an exact diagnosis. The techniques frequently provide only orientation for it, without establishing the site of the lesion and the etiology of the hearing loss. Laser Doppler vibrometry is a new technique, which has recently proved capable, of partially resolving this problem. The method is based on the study of the sound-induced vibration of the eardrum in humans in vivo, using a laser Doppler vibrometer. The method proved to be useful in the diagnosis of the pathology of the middle ear sound transmission system, avoiding the need for exploratory tympanotomy. Called "laser-audiometry", the method promises to become a new diagnostic tool for hearing impairment. PMID:17802945

Turcanu, Diana; Mâr?u, D; Dalhoff, E; Gummer, A W

2006-01-01

347

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults: questions and answers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The association between hearing impairment, the diagnosis of dementia, and the role of sensory therapy has been proposed for some time, but further research is needed. Current understanding of this association requires the commitment of those experts who can integrate experience and research from several fields to be able to understand the link from hearing to dementia. A workshop whose panelists included experts from many areas, ranging from ear, nose and throat (ENT) to dementia's specialists, was promoted and organized by the Giovanni Lorenzini Medical Science Foundation (Milan, Italy; Houston, TX, USA) to increase the awareness of the relationship between hearing loss and dementia, and included questions and comments following a presentation from the clinical researcher, Frank Lin, who has been evaluating the relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline since 2009. PMID:25281432

Bernabei, Roberto; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo; Maggi, Stefania; Marengoni, Alessandra; Martini, Alessandro; Memo, Maurizio; Pecorelli, Sergio; Peracino, Andrea P; Quaranta, Nicola; Stella, Roberto; Lin, Frank R

2014-12-01

348

Impact of Hearing Loss on Daily Life Style and Schooling among Children between 5 and 15 Years Age-Group  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: “Hearing”- one of the five special senses with which a human is gifted. At times, due to variety of reasons, this sense is impaired. Hearing impairment of any degree has a profound effect on children. It delays development of speech, slows educational progress and leads to being stigmatized. Objectives: To document the impact of hearing loss in daily life style and schooling of children between 5 and 15 years age-group. Materials & methods: This was cross- sectional study done in Children between 5 and 15 years age-group with hearing loss, coming to an ENT OPD, New Civil Hospital, Surat during the period of 1st August 2011 to 31 July 2012. Results: A total of 246 children were studied. Mean age of the study population was 9±3.46 years. Most common impactin life of children with hearing loss was that “they were not admitted to school by their parents” (31.3%. Among them, 84.4% had congenital deafness and 15.6% had acquired deafness. This difference was statistically significant. (p= 0.002, x2= 8.63. As per parents’ perception, academic performance of the children was significantly associated with type of school (normal Vs deaf & mute school” (p< 0.001. Conclusion: Most common impact was that “children being not admitted to school” and “children were lagging behind in studies”. Among the congenitally deaf children, the quality of life was significantly better in those who attended these special schools (p<0.001.

Hiteshree C Patel, Mohua Moitra, Anjali Modi, Jaymin Contractor, S L Kantharia

2014-01-01

349

Associação entre perda auditiva e sintomatologia depressiva em idosos / Association between hearing loss and depressive symptoms in elderly  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A perda auditiva provoca dificuldades na compreensão da fala, o que origina afastamento do meio familiar e social. Este isolamento pode estar associado a quadros depressivos. Tipo de estudo: clínico prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Verificar a associação entre perda auditiva e depressão em um grup [...] o de idosos não institucionalizados. MÉTODO: A amostra foi composta por indivíduos com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, submetidos à avaliação audiológica completa e rastreio de sintomatologia depressiva com a escala de depressão geriátrica (GDS). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 54 idosos, sendo 26 (48,1%) do sexo feminino e 28 (51,9%) do sexo masculino. Constatou-se que 39 (72,2%) apresentaram limiares auditivos alterados, sendo 17 (31,5%) com perda auditiva leve e 22 (40,7%) com perda auditiva moderada. Foram evidenciados sinais de depressão em 25 idosos (46,3%), sendo que 22 (40,7%) apresentavam perda auditiva. A análise dos dados evidenciou associação entre a presença de perda auditiva e depressão (p=0,016). Apesar de não significativa (p=0,18), a associação entre o grau de perda auditiva foi positiva em relação à gravidade dos sinais de depressão. CONCLUSÃO: Nos idosos pesquisados, ocorreu forte associação entre a perda auditiva e os sinais de depressão e tendência a existir associação entre o grau de perda auditiva e a gravidade dos sinais de depressão. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss causes difficulties in speech understanding, which leads away from the family and social environment. This isolation may be associated with depressive disorders. Type of study: clinical prospective. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between hearing loss and depressio [...] n in a group of non-institutionalized elderly. METHOD: The sample consisted of individuals aged over 60 years, undergoing complete audiological evaluation and screening for depressive symptoms with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). RESULTS: We evaluated 54 elderly, 26 (48.1%) were female and 28 (51.9%) males. It was found that 39 (72.2%) had hearing thresholds change, and 17 (31.5%) with mild hearing loss and 22 (40.7%) with moderate hearing loss. Were evident signs of depression in 25 elderly (46.3%), and 22 (40.7%) had hearing loss. Data analysis showed an association between hearing loss and depression (p = 0.016). Although not significant (p = 0.18), the association between the degree of hearing loss was positive in relation to the severity of the signs of depression. CONCLUSION: In elderly people surveyed, there was a strong association between hearing loss and signs of depression and tendency to be an association between the degree of hearing loss and the severity of the signs of depression.

Adriane Ribeiro, Teixeira; Andréa Krüger, Gonçalves; Cíntia de La Rocha, Freitas; Cristina Loureiro Chaves, Soldera; Ângelo José Gonçalves, Bós; Ana Maria Pujol Vieira dos, Santos; Sílvia, Dornelles.

350

Audição e percepção da perda auditiva em idosos / Hearing and perception of hearing loss in elderly people  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a audição e a percepção dos indivíduos idosos sobre a sua condição de audição. MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa descritiva e exploratória, tendo como sujeitos 40 alunos, sendo 34 do sexo feminino e seis do sexo masculino, com idades variando entre 61 e 88 anos, de uma Univers [...] idade Aberta à Terceira Idade, localizada na cidade do Salvador, na Universidade do Estado da Bahia. Para avaliação dos sujeitos foi aplicado o Inventário Auditivo para Idosos - IAPI e realizado o exame audiométrico. A análise dos dados foi feita a partir das variáveis: sexo, faixa etária e pela computação das respostas dadas pelos indivíduos ao Inventário Auditivo para Idosos. RESULTADOS: Dos idosos 37,5% apresentaram audição normal e 62,5% perda auditiva, sendo 30% perda auditiva assimétrica e 32,5% simétrica. Dos 25 sujeitos com perda auditiva, apenas 3 (12%) tiveram percepção da mesma com um IAPI superior a dez pontos e 22 (88%) com uma pontuação inferior a dez. Quanto ao sexo, 8% de homens e 4% de mulheres tiveram uma pontuação superior a dez no IAPI; 16% dos indivíduos do sexo masculino e 72% do feminino apresentaram pontuação inferior a dez. Houve um predomínio da configuração audiométrica do tipo descendente em 88% dos sujeitos. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos sujeitos estudados era portadora de perda auditiva, sendo que, quanto maior a idade, maior esta deficiência. Proporcionalmente, a perda auditiva ocorreu mais em homens do que em mulheres, mas poucos percebem a sua existência. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the hearing of elderly individuals and their perception regarding their hearing condition. METHODS: A descriptive and exploratory research was developed using as subjects 40 students from a University for the Third Age located in Salvador, Bahia (Brazil), being 34 female and 6 m [...] ale, with ages ranging from 61 to 88 years. The evaluation used the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Elderly - HHIE, and an audiometric assessment was carried out. Data analysis considered the following variables: gender, age and the answers computed in the HHIE. RESULTS: From the subjects, 37.5% had normal hearing and 62.5% presented hearing loss (30% asymmetric and 32.5% symmetric hearing loss). From the 25 subjects with hearing loss, only 3 (12%) were aware of it, according to the HHIE, scoring higher than ten points. In addition, 22 subjects (88%) had a score lower than ten. Regarding gender, 8% of the male subjects and 4% of the female subjects scored over ten at the HHIE; 16% of the male and 72% of the female scored under ten points. There was a predominance of the descendent audiometric configuration in 88% of the individuals. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the subjects studied had hearing loss, which increased with age. Proportionally, hearing loss occurred mostly in men, although few of them were aware of its existence.

Maria da Glória Canto de, Sousa; Iêda Chaves Pacheco, Russo.

351

Distortion product otoacoustic emission fine structure as an early hearing loss predictor  

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Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are a promising method to monitor early noise-induced hearing losses. When distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) are obtained with a high-frequency resolution, a ripple structure across frequency can be seen, called DPOAE fine structure. In this study DPOAE fine structures are obtained from 74 normal-hearing humans using primary levels of L1/L2=65/45 dB. The subjects belong to groups with different ages and exposure histories. A classification algorith...

Reuter, Karen; Hammershøi, Dorte

2006-01-01

352

Distortion product otoacoustic emission fine structure as an early hearing loss predictor  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are a promising method to monitor early noise-induced hearing losses. When distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) are obtained with a high-frequency resolution, a ripple structure across frequency can be seen, called DPOAE fine structure. In this study DPOAE fine structures are obtained from 74 normal-hearing humans using primary levels of L1/L2=65/45 dB. The subjects belong to groups with different ages and exposure histories. A classification algorith...

Reuter, Karen; Hammershøi, Dorte

2007-01-01

353

Hearing loss in a mouse model of 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.  

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22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) arises from an interstitial chromosomal microdeletion encompassing at least 30 genes. This disorder is one of the most significant known cytogenetic risk factors for schizophrenia, and can also cause heart abnormalities, cognitive deficits, hearing difficulties, and a variety of other medical problems. The Df1/+ hemizygous knockout mouse, a model for human 22q11DS, recapitulates many of the deficits observed in the human syndrome including heart defects, impaired memory, and abnormal auditory sensorimotor gating. Here we show that Df1/+ mice, like human 22q11DS patients, have substantial rates of hearing loss arising from chronic middle ear infection. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) measurements revealed significant elevation of click-response thresholds in 48% of Df1/+ mice, often in only one ear. Anatomical and histological analysis of the middle ear demonstrated no gross structural abnormalities, but frequent signs of otitis media (OM, chronic inflammation of the middle ear), including excessive effusion and thickened mucosa. In mice for which both in vivo ABR thresholds and post mortem middle-ear histology were obtained, the severity of signs of OM correlated directly with the level of hearing impairment. These results suggest that abnormal auditory sensorimotor gating previously reported in mouse models of 22q11DS could arise from abnormalities in auditory processing. Furthermore, the findings indicate that Df1/+ mice are an excellent model for increased risk of OM in human 22q11DS patients. Given the frequently monaural nature of OM in Df1/+ mice, these animals could also be a powerful tool for investigating the interplay between genetic and environmental causes of OM. PMID:24244619

Fuchs, Jennifer C; Zinnamon, Fhatarah A; Taylor, Ruth R; Ivins, Sarah; Scambler, Peter J; Forge, Andrew; Tucker, Abigail S; Linden, Jennifer F

2013-01-01

354

Sensorineural hearing loss in high school teenagers in Mexico City and its relationship with recreational noise.  

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The aim of this study was to measure the frequency of hearing loss in a sample of typical public high-school students exposed to recreational noise, and determine associated risk factors. The sample was made up of 214 teenagers from a high-school in Mexico City; subjects were selected randomly per strata. We applied a questionnaire to identify risk factors for hearing loss and performed a battery of audiologic tests consisting of otoscopy, tympanometry, and pure-tone audiometry. The mean age of the sample was 16 +/- 1.07 years; 73% were male and 27%, female. Hearing loss was found in 21% of students. The main hearing loss-related risk factor was exposure to recreational noise: frequent attendance at discotheques and pop-music concerts; use of personal stereos; and noise exposure in school workshops. The high frequency of hearing loss in high school students from one Mexico City school (nearly one fifth of the sample) was found to be related to noise exposure mainly during recreational activities. PMID:20191147

Martínez-Wbaldo, María del Consuelo; Soto-Vázquez, Claudia; Ferre-Calacich, Ivonne; Zambrano-Sánchez, Elizabeth; Noguez-Trejo, Lucía; Poblano, Adrián

2009-12-01

355

Impact of gene patents and licensing practices on access to genetic testing for hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Genetic testing for heritable hearing loss involves a mix of patented and unpatented genes, mutations and testing methods. More than half of all hearing loss is linked to inherited mutations, and five genes are most commonly tested for in the United States. There are no patents on three of these genes, but Athena Diagnostics holds exclusive licenses to test for a common mutation in the GJB2 gene associated with about 50% of all cases as well as mutations in the MTRNR1 gene. This fragmented intellectual property landscape made hearing loss a useful case study to assess whether patent rights in genetic testing can proliferate or overlap, and whether it is possible to gather the rights necessary to perform testing. Testing for hearing loss is widely available, primarily from academic medical centers. Based on literature reviews and interviews with researchers, research on the genetics of hearing loss has generally not been impeded by patents. There is no consistent evidence of a premium in testing prices attributable to patent status. Athena Diagnostics has, however, used its intellectual property to discourage other providers from offering some tests. There is no definitive answer about the suitability of current patenting and licensing of commonly tested genes because of continuing legal uncertainty about the extent of enforcement of patent rights. Clinicians have also expressed concerns that multiplex tests will be difficult to develop because of overlapping intellectual property and conflict with Athena's sole provider business model. PMID:20393307

Chandrasekharan, Subhashini; Fiffer, Melissa

2010-04-01

356

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL): literature review with a focus on occupational medicine  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english According to the Ministry of Health (2006), Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) is hearing loss caused by prolonged exposure to noise. It is characterized as sensorineural hearing loss and is usually bilateral, irreversible, and progressive while the exposure to noise continues. A NIHL is a predictabl [...] e and preventable disease with an epidemiologically relevant prevalence in urban communities. The hearing loss begins and predominates in the frequencies of 3, 4, and 6 kHz and eventually progresses to 8, 2, 1, 5, and 25 kHz. In Brazil, regulatory standard 15 limits the exposure to continuous noise to no more than 4 hours' exposure to 90 dBA and a maximum level of 85 dB for a full 8-hour working period. As NIHL is a preventable and predictable disease, preventive action by professionals may be able to change the prevalence of hearing loss in noisy environments.

Mirella Melo, Metidieri; Hugo Fernandes Santos, Rodrigues; Francisco José Motta Barros de, Oliveira Filho; Daniela Pereira, Ferraz; Antonio Fausto de, Almeida Neto; Sandro, Torres.

357

A large cohort study of GJB2 mutations in Japanese hearing loss patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

GJB2 is the gene most frequently associated with hereditary hearing loss, and the GJB2 mutation spectrums vary among different ethnic groups. In this study, the mutation spectrum as well as clinical features of patients with GJB2 mutations as found in more than 1000 Japanese hearing loss families are summarized. The present results show that the frequency of GJB2 mutations in the Japanese population with hearing loss is 14.2% overall and 25.2% in patients with congenital hearing loss. c.235delC was the most frequent allele (49.8%), was associated with a more severe phenotype, and was mainly found in patients who were diagnosed by the age of 3. In contrast, the second most frequent was p.V37I (16.5%), which has a milder phenotype and was mainly found in patients diagnosed at a higher age. Additional clinical features in hearing loss patients with GJB2 mutations in this study were the near absence of tinnitus, vestibular dysfunction and inner ear malformations. PMID:20497192

Tsukada, K; Nishio, S; Usami, S

2010-11-01

358

Literacy skills of Australian Indigenous school children with and without otitis media and hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between reading, spelling, and the presence of otitis media (OM) and co-occurring hearing loss (HL) in metropolitan Indigenous Australian children, and compared their reading and spelling outcomes with those of their non-Indigenous peers. OM and HL may hinder language development and phonological awareness skills, but there is little empirical evidence to link OM/HL and literacy in this population. Eighty-six Indigenous and non-Indigenous children attending pre-primary, year one and year two at primary schools in the Perth metropolitan area participated in the study. The ear health of the participants was screened by Telethon Speech and Hearing Centre EarBus in 2011/2012. Participants' reading and spelling skills were tested with culturally modified sub-tests of the Queensland University Inventory of Literacy. Of the 46 Indigenous children, 18 presented with at least one episode of OM and one episode of HL. Results indicated that Indigenous participants had significantly poorer non-word and real word reading and spelling skills than their non-Indigenous peers. There was no significant difference between the groups of Indigenous participants with OM and HL and those with normal ear health on either measure. This research provides evidence to suggest that Indigenous children have ongoing literacy development difficulties and discusses the possibility of OM as one of many impacting factors. PMID:24460058

Timms, Lydia; Williams, Cori; Stokes, Stephanie F; Kane, Robert

2014-06-01

359

Using the Extended Parallel Process Model to Prevent Noise-Induced Hearing Loss among Coal Miners in Appalachia  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational noise-induced hearing loss is the second most self-reported occupational illness or injury in the United States. Among coal miners, more than 90% of the population reports a hearing deficit by age 55. In this formative evaluation, focus groups were conducted with coal miners in Appalachia to ascertain whether miners perceive hearing

Murray-Johnson, Lisa; Witte, Kim; Patel, Dhaval; Orrego, Victoria; Zuckerman, Cynthia; Maxfield, Andrew M.; Thimons, Edward D.

2004-01-01

360

Hearing Loss in Stranded Odontocete Dolphins and Whales  

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The causes of dolphin and whale stranding can often be difficult to determine. Because toothed whales rely on echolocation for orientation and feeding, hearing deficits could lead to stranding. We report on the results of auditory evoked potential measurements from eight species of odontocete cetaceans that were found stranded or severely entangled in fishing gear during the period 2004 through 2009. Approximately 57% of the bottlenose dolphins and 36% of the rough-toothed dolphins had signif...

Mann, David; Hill-cook, Mandy; Manire, Charles; Greenhow, Danielle; Montie, Eric; Powell, Jessica; Wells, Randall; Bauer, Gordon; Cunningham-smith, Petra; Lingenfelser, Robert; Digiovanni, Robert; Stone, Abigale; Brodsky, Micah; Stevens, Robert; Kieffer, George

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Study the Age of Hearing Loss Diagnosis and the Related Factors in a Group of School-Age Children in Baghch-e-Ban School of Hard of Hearing  

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Full Text Available Background: Estimation of the age of hearing loss diagnosis in every society is recommended to be compared with standard criteria to establish common dirth in management and rehabilitation. This study was conducted in order to determine the age of hearing loss diagnosis with respect to common criteria in Baghche-Ban school of hard of hearing children in Tehran.Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 445 children in stages 2, 6 and 10 of Baghche-Ban school of hard of hearing participated. the research was performed by means of the three-stages questionaires that children filled with help of their parents.Results: The mean age of detection of hearing loss in both acquired and congenital hearing loss in children was 3.5 year-old. while the age in which hearing loss was doubted was 1.8 year-old. In another word the mean age of hearing loss detection decreased as the hearing loss increases(in moderate- profound hearing loss(P<0.01. Conclusion: among the refrence sources for refering children with hearing loss the least refering was related to physicians. Adversly the mean age of doubting and detection of hearing loss increased in children with family history of hearing loss.(P<0.01. Meanwhile no relationship was detected between the age of diagnosis of hearing loss and the number of deaf members in the family(P<0.02.

Mahnaz Ahmadi

1996-04-01

362

Tinnitus-related dissociation between cortical and subcortical neural activity in humans with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tinnitus is a phantom sound percept that is strongly associated with peripheral hearing loss. However, only a fraction of hearing-impaired subjects develops tinnitus. This may be based on differences in the function of the brain between those subjects that develop tinnitus and those that do not. In this study, cortical and sub-cortical sound-evoked brain responses in 34 hearing-impaired chronic tinnitus patients and 19 hearing level-matched controls were studied using 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Auditory stimuli were presented to either the left or the right ear at levels of 30-90 dB SPL. We extracted neural activation as a function of sound intensity in eight auditory regions (left and right auditory cortices, medial geniculate bodies, inferior colliculi and cochlear nuclei), the cerebellum and a cinguloparietal task-positive region. The activation correlated positively with the stimulus intensity, and negatively with the hearing threshold. We found no differences between both groups in terms of the magnitude and lateralization of the sound-evoked responses, except for the left medial geniculate body and right cochlear nucleus where activation levels were elevated in the tinnitus subjects. We observed significantly reduced functional connectivity between the inferior colliculi and the auditory cortices in tinnitus patients compared to controls. Our results indicate a failure of thalamic gating in the development of tinnitus. PMID:24631963

Boyen, Kris; de Kleine, Emile; van Dijk, Pim; Langers, Dave R M

2014-06-01

363

Ebselen treatment reduces noise induced hearing loss via the mimicry and induction of glutathione peroxidase.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies indicate that noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) involves a decrease in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and a subsequent loss of outer hair cells (OHC). However, the cellular localization of this GPx decrease and the link to OHC loss are still poorly understood. In this report, we examined the cellular localization of GPx (GPx1, GPx 3 and GPx 4) in F-344 rat before and after noise exposure and after oral treatment with ebselen, a small molecule mimic of GPx activity. Results indicate that GPx1 is the major isoform within the cochlea and is highly expressed in cells of the organ of Corti, spiral ganglia, stria vascularis, and spiral ligament. Within 5h of noise exposure (4h at 113 dB, 4-16 kHz), significant OHC loss was already apparent in regions coincident with the 8-16 kHz region of the cochlea. In addition, the stria vascularis exhibited significant edema or swelling and a decrease in GPx1 immunoreactivity or fluorescent intensity. Treatment with ebselen (4 mg/kg p.o.) before and immediately after noise exposure reduced both OHC loss and the swelling of the stria vascularis typically observed within 5h post-noise exposure. Interestingly, GPx1 levels increased in the stria vascularis after noise and ebselen treatment vs noise and vehicle-only treatment, and exceeded baseline no noise control levels. These data indicate that ebselen acts to prevent the acute loss of OHCs and reduces the acute swelling of the stria vascularis by two potential mechanisms: one, as a ROS/RNS scavenger through its intrinsic GPx activity, and two, as a stimulator of GPx1 expression or activity. This latter mechanism may be due to the preservation of endogenous GPx1 from ROS/RNS induced degradation and/or the stimulation of GPx1 expression or activity. PMID:17030476

Kil, Jonathan; Pierce, Carol; Tran, Huy; Gu, Rende; Lynch, Eric D

2007-04-01

364

Prevalence of Auditory Neuropathy in a Population of Children with Severe to Profound Hearing Loss  

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Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this investigation is to determine auditory neuropathy in the students with severe to profound hearing losses in Ahwaz.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 212 children of 7-11 year old with severe to profound hearing loss performed ordinary audiometric evaluations as well as ABR and OAE. The patients with normal DPOAE who had no record of acoustic reflex having normal ABR, were considered as the patients with auditory neuropathy. Results: The neuropathic complication found in 14 children was appeared in 8 ones as one-sided (57.14% and in 6 ones (42.86% as two-sided. 68% of the patients as diagnosed had a very low Speech Discrimination Score (SDS.Conclusion: we must be very vigilant in auditory neuropathy diagnosis for the purpose to be successful in appropriate treatment of severe to profound hearing losses.

Nader Saki

2013-04-01

365

Sudden hearing loss subsequent to diarrhea: what is the missing link?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a debilitating condition with an incidence of nearly 20 per 100,000 in populations. Metronidazole-induced ototoxicity is an extremely rare etiology of SSNHL. In this report, we describe a young female with bilateral SSNHL due to oral use of metronidazole. A 23 years old female presented to the emergency department with acute bilateral hearing loss. We found out that her hearing loss had started 4 days after initiation of metronidazole which was administered for treatment of diarrhea. This case report shows that physicians should be aware of the uncommon side effects while prescribing metronidazole to patients in order to manage the possible adverse events on time. PMID:24401329

Jafari, Gholamali; Hosseini, Seyed Mohammadreza; Akhondzadeh, Shahin

2014-01-01

366

Acute bilateral hearing loss as a "worsening sign" in a patient with critical basilar artery stenosis.  

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We report a patient who presented with an acute-onset transient vertigo and unsteady gait with bilateral hearing loss. Brain MRI revealed a critical basilar artery (BA) stenosis at the lower pons and infarction in various areas on both sides in the territories of the posterior inferior cerebellar arteries (PICA). Further, we could not visualize the right anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA). The bilateral hearing loss may be ascribed to stroke due to the critical BA stenosis, causing hypoperfusion injury extending from the PICA to the AICA on both sides. Local intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy with the administration of 1×10(6) IU of urokinase aided partial recanalization of the BA, after which the right AICA reappeared. The neurological function of the patient recovered to normal, and no hemorrhagic complications were observed. Therefore, practitioners should be alert when treating patients with acute bilateral hearing loss, which may be related to an underlying catastrophic stroke. PMID:22989789

Chiang, Chun-I; Chou, Chung-Hsing; Hsueh, Chun-Jen; Cheng, Chun-An; Peng, Giia-Sheun

2013-01-01

367

P300 em sujeitos com perda auditiva / P300 in subjects with hearing loss  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese TEMA: as avaliações comportamentais e eletrofisiológicas contribuem para o entendimento do sistema auditivo e do processo de intervenção. OBJETIVO: estudar P300 em sujeitos com perda auditiva neurossensorial congênita, segundo as variáveis gênero, idade e grau da perda auditiva. MÉTODO: a presente i [...] nvestigação consiste em um estudo descritivo, transversal. Foram examinados 29 sujeitos, sendo 15 do gênero masculino e 14 do gênero feminino, com idade entre 11 a 42 anos. Os critérios de elegibilidade para composição da amostra foram: idade superior a 11 anos e inferior a 45 anos; ser portador de deficiência auditiva congênita severa ou profunda; não apresentar outro tipo de distúrbio; não apresentar perda auditiva central e/ou comprometimento condutivo. A primeira etapa caracterizou-se por avaliação comportamental auditiva e fisiológica que incluiu: audiometria tonal limiar (via aérea e via óssea), logoaudiometria - LDV e medidas do ganho funcional para os sujeitos que faziam uso de próteses auditivas, Imitanciometria: curva timpanométrica e pesquisa dos reflexos ipsi e contra-laterais, registro das emissões otoacústicas (EOA) - emissões otoacústicas transitórias (EOAT) e emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção (EOAPD). A avaliação eletrofisiológica constituiu a quarta etapa do procedimento de coleta de dados e incluiu: potenciais auditivos evocados de tronco encefálico (PEATE) e de longa latência (P300). RESULTADOS: o P300 foi registrado em 17 sujeitos, com latência e amplitude média de 326,97ms e 3,76V, respectivamente. Apresentou diferenças significantes da latência em relação à idade (p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: behavioral and electrophysiological evaluations contribute to the understanding of the hearing system and to the intervention process. AIM: to investigate the occurrence of P300 in subjects with congenital severe to profound hearing loss, according to the variables of gender, age and hea [...] ring loss level. METHOD: the design of this research is a descriptive transversal study. Twenty-nine subjects, 15 male and 14 female, ranging in age from 11 to 42 years, were evaluated. Inclusion criteria were: to have at least 11 years of age and no more than 45 years; to have the diagnosis of congenital severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; to have no other disorder; and absence of central hearing loss or any other auditory conductive disorder. The first stage consisted of an auditory behavioral and physiological evaluation, including: pure tone audiometry (air and bone conduction measures), speech audiometry, SDT (Speech Detection Threshold) and functional gain measures for the subjects using hearing aids, and immittance measures - tympanometry and acoustic reflexes thresholds; transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE); distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE). The electrophysiological evaluation was the fourth stage of the study and included: auditory brainstem response (ABR) and late latency response (P300). RESULTS: P300 was obtained for 17 out of the 29 subjects. Mean latency and amplitude were 326.97 ms and 3.76 V, respectively. A statistical significant difference was observed for latency when considering the variable age (electrode CzA2 p

Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa, Reis; Maria Cecília Martinelli, Iório.

368

Developmental hearing loss impairs signal detection in noise: putative central mechanisms  

Science.gov (United States)

Listeners with hearing loss have difficulty processing sounds in noisy environments. This is most noticeable for speech perception, but is reflected in a basic auditory processing task: detecting a tonal signal in a noise background, i.e., simultaneous masking. It is unresolved whether the mechanisms underlying simultaneous masking arise from the auditory periphery or from the central auditory system. Poor detection in listeners with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is attributed to cochlear hair cell damage. However, hearing loss alters neural processing in the central auditory system. Additionally, both psychophysical and neurophysiological data from normally hearing and impaired listeners suggest that there are additional contributions to simultaneous masking that arise centrally. With SNHL, it is difficult to separate peripheral from central contributions to signal detection deficits. We have thus excluded peripheral contributions by using an animal model of early conductive hearing loss (CHL) that provides auditory deprivation but does not induce cochlear damage. When tested as adults, animals raised with CHL had increased thresholds for detecting tones in simultaneous noise. Furthermore, intracellular in vivo recordings in control animals revealed a cortical correlate of simultaneous masking: local cortical processing reduced tone-evoked responses in the presence of noise. This raises the possibility that altered cortical responses which occur with early CHL can influence even simple signal detection in noise. PMID:25249949

Gay, Jennifer D.; Voytenko, Sergiy V.; Galazyuk, Alexander V.; Rosen, Merri J.

2014-01-01

369

Developmental hearing loss impairs signal detection in noise: putative central mechanisms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Listeners with hearing loss have difficulty processing sounds in noisy environments. This is most noticeable for speech perception, but is reflected in a basic auditory processing task: detecting a tonal signal in a noise background, i.e., simultaneous masking. It is unresolved whether the mechanisms underlying simultaneous masking arise from the auditory periphery or from the central auditory system. Poor detection in listeners with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is attributed to cochlear hair cell damage. However, hearing loss alters neural processing in the central auditory system. Additionally, both psychophysical and neurophysiological data from normally hearing and impaired listeners suggest that there are additional contributions to simultaneous masking that arise centrally. With SNHL, it is difficult to separate peripheral from central contributions to signal detection deficits. We have thus excluded peripheral contributions by using an animal model of early conductive hearing loss (CHL) that provides auditory deprivation but does not induce cochlear damage. When tested as adults, animals raised with CHL had increased thresholds for detecting tones in simultaneous noise. Furthermore, intracellular in vivo recordings in control animals revealed a cortical correlate of simultaneous masking: local cortical processing reduced tone-evoked responses in the presence of noise. This raises the possibility that altered cortical responses which occur with early CHL can influence even simple signal detection in noise. PMID:25249949

Gay, Jennifer D; Voytenko, Sergiy V; Galazyuk, Alexander V; Rosen, Merri J

2014-01-01

370

Developmental hearing loss impairs signal detection in noise: putative central mechanisms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Listeners with hearing loss have difficulty processing sounds in noisy environments. This is most noticeable for speech perception, but is reflected in a basic auditory processing task: detecting a tonal signal in a noise background, i.e. simultaneous masking. It is unresolved whether the mechanisms underlying simultaneous masking arise from the auditory periphery or from the central auditory system. Poor detection in listeners with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL is attributed to cochlear hair cell damage. However, hearing loss alters neural processing in the central auditory system. Additionally, both psychophysical and neurophysiological data from normally hearing and impaired listeners suggest that there are additional contributions to simultaneous masking that arise centrally. With SNHL, it is difficult to separate peripheral from central contributions to signal detection deficits. We have thus excluded peripheral contributions by using an animal model of early conductive hearing loss (CHL that provides auditory deprivation but does not induce cochlear damage. When tested as adults, animals raised with CHL had increased thresholds for detecting tones in simultaneous noise. Furthermore, intracellular in vivo recordings in control animals revealed a cortical correlate of simultaneous masking: local cortical processing reduced tone-evoked responses in the presence of noise. This raises the possibility that altered cortical responses which occur with early CHL can influence even simple signal detection in noise.

MerriJ.Rosen

2014-09-01

371

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

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372

Non-flat audiograms in sensorineural hearing loss and speech perception  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The audibility thresholds for the sound frequency of 137 upward- and downward-sloping audiograms showing sensorineural hearing loss were selected and analyzed in conjunction with speech recognition thresholds obtained from individuals seen at a public otolaryngology clinic to determine which frequencies in slope audiograms best represent speech recognition thresholds. METHOD: The linear regression model and mean square error were used to determine the associations between the threshold values. RESULT: The mean square error identified larger errors when using thresholds of 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz than when using audibility thresholds of 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz. The linear regression model showed a higher correlation (91% between the audiogram thresholds for frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz than for the frequencies of 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz (88%. CONCLUSION: Frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz were the most significant in predicting the speech recognition threshold.

Kelly Cristina Lira de Andrade

2013-06-01

373

[Hearing loss due to leisure time noise is on the rise. The ear also needs a rest period].  

Science.gov (United States)

Noise during leisure time is increasingly leading to temporary and permanent hearing loss, with most victims being adolescents and young adults. Particularly harmful is permanent exposure to noise, since the highly sensitive ear is not designed to tolerate it. On average, youngsters aged between 14 and 20 years spend 3 hours and more listening to music. In discos, concerts in particular, as well as listening to music via headphones, sound levels of 100 dB are regularly reached and exceeded, and levels of 90 dB are already considered to represent a definite risk. Noise is, however, experienced as offensive and painful at levels of about 120-140 dB, and this leads to the danger of its harmful effects being underestimated. Treatment of hearing loss depends on whether it is acute or chronic and comprises infusion therapy, stress reduction, acoustic rest or interposed periods free of noise and, where indicated the fitting of a suitable hearing aid. In view of the immense significance of hearing impairment for the economy, public health, and society at large, its prevention--not only by protective, but also preventive, measures--warrants greater attention. PMID:12577736

Eggemann, C; Koester, M; Zorowka, P

2002-12-01

374

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

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Full Text Available ... a Senior with Vision Loss For Seniors Age-Related Vision Loss Life Changes Health and Aging Retirement Living Continuing to Work as a Senior with Vision Loss Get Involved Join the Community Calendar of Events Message Boards Blog Newsletter Announcements Peer Advisors Home ...

375

Living with Hearing and Vision Loss Due to Usher Syndrome  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Vision Loss For Seniors Age-Related Vision Loss Life Changes Health and Aging Retirement Living Continuing to Work as a Senior with Vision Loss Get Involved Join the Community Calendar of Events Message Boards Blog Newsletter Announcements Peer Advisors Home ...

376

Prevalence of high frequency hearing loss consistent with noise exposure among people working with sound systems and general population in Brazil: A cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Music is ever present in our daily lives, establishing a link between humans and the arts through the senses and pleasure. Sound technicians are the link between musicians and audiences or consumers. Recently, general concern has arisen regarding occurrences of hearing loss induced by noise from excessively amplified sound-producing activities within leisure and professional environments. Sound technicians' activities expose them to the risk of hearing loss, and consequently put at risk their quality of life, the quality of the musical product and consumers' hearing. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of high frequency hearing loss consistent with noise exposure among sound technicians in Brazil and compare this with a control group without occupational noise exposure. Methods This was a cross-sectional study comparing 177 participants in two groups: 82 sound technicians and 95 controls (non-sound technicians. A questionnaire on music listening habits and associated complaints was applied, and data were gathered regarding the professionals' numbers of working hours per day and both groups' hearing complaint and presence of tinnitus. The participants' ear canals were visually inspected using an otoscope. Hearing assessments were performed (tonal and speech audiometry using a portable digital AD 229 E audiometer funded by FAPESP. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the sound technicians and controls regarding age and gender. Thus, the study sample was homogenous and would be unlikely to lead to bias