WorldWideScience

Sample records for sexual foreplay techniques

  1. Sexual excitement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoller, R J

    1976-08-01

    Sexual excitement depends on a scenario the person to be aroused has been writing since childhood. The story is an adventure, an autobiography disguised as fiction, in which the hero/heroine hides crucial intrapsychic conflicts, mysteries, screen memories of actual traumatic events and the resolution of these elements into a happy ending, best celebrated by orgasm. The function of the fantasy is to take these painful experiences and convert them to pleasure-triumph. In order to sharpen excitement-the vibration between the fear of original traumas repeating and the hope of a pleasurable conclusion this time-one introduces into the story elements of risk (approximations of the trauma) meant to prevent boredom and safety factors (sub-limnal signals to the storyteller that the risk are not truly dangerous). Sexual fantasy can be studied by means of a person's daydreams (including those chosen in magazines, books, plays, television, movies, and outright pornography), masturbatory behavior, object choice, foreplay, techniques of intercourse, or postcoital behavior. PMID:949223

  2. Consequences of Different Hysterectomy Techniques in Sexual Behavior?A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Fátima Fernandes; Ana Izabel Nicolau; Camila Vasconcelos; Pricilla Alves; Ana Karina Pinheiro; Namie Sawada; Cristina Maria Galvão; Camila Moreira

    2014-01-01

    We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the influence of different hysterectomy techniques in the sexual behavior of women who underwent. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL and LILACS for studies between the years 1998 and 2010 that prospectively examined the sexuality after hysterectomy. Those that were not randomized controlled clinical trials were excluded. It was not available electronically, it was not related...

  3. Rwandan young people's perceptions on sexuality and relationships: Results from a qualitative study using the ‘mailbox technique

    OpenAIRE

    Michielsen, Kristien; Remes, Pieter; Rugabo, John; Rossem, Ronan; Temmerman, Marleen

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to gain more insight into young Rwandans’ perceptions on sex and relationships, which is essential for formulating effective sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion interventions. Using a ‘mailbox technique’, this paper studies the spontaneous thoughts of Rwandan young people on sexuality. Mailboxes were installed in five secondary schools in the Bugesera district and students were invited to write about their ideas, secrets, wishes, desires and fears on sexualit...

  4. Sexual behavior of married young women: A preliminary study from north India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avasthi Ajit

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are significant gaps in the scientific literature concerning female sexual behavior and attitudes surrounding sexuality, which have definitive implications on public health and clinical work. Aim: To study the sexual behavior of young married Indian women. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 100 consecutive women attending the Department of Pediatrics for the care of noncritical children in a multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital setting in North India. Current levels of sexual functioning and satisfaction were assessed by using the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women (BISF-W. All participants were also administered a translated and culturally adapted instrument called Sex Knowledge and Attitude Questionnaire-II (SKAQ-II. Results: Peno-vaginal sex continues to be considered the most desired and actually performed sexual activity for arousal and orgasm, followed by kissing and foreplay. Difficulties while performing sexual activity, in the form of physical problems, were faced by 17% of the participants. The participants displayed adequate sexual knowledge and favorable attitude towards sexuality as measured by SKAQ-II. Conclusion: The present study is a preliminary effort to understand the contemporary female sexual behavior, knowledge and attitude by employing standard instruments. Still further studies are required in this area.

  5. Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Luiz Cardoso

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54 e mulheres (n = 54 com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de Identidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres.This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54 and female (n = 54 participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

  6. General characteristics of adolescent sexual behavior: National survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stankovi? Miodrag

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Investigation of adolescent sexual behavior carried out on a large sample is primarily motivated by health and social problems which can occur when young people practice sex without protection and necessary information. There is no data that the national study on adolescent sexual behavior has been conducted in the Serbian speaking area. Objective. Monitoring and follow-up of trends in adolescent sexual behavior. Methods. The investigation sample comprised 1101 adolescents (472 male and 629 female, aged 13-25 years. As an instrument of polling, the questionnaire 'Sexual Behavior' was used specifically designed for the purpose of this investigation. Results. Eighty-four percent of males and 65% of females reported having sexual experience. The age of the first sexual experience, total number of partners, number of sexual partners in the last year and the last month were investigated, and the number of loved and sexual partner compared. In addition, the length of foreplay, frequency of sexual activity, masturbation, sexual dreams and sexual daydreams and engagement into alternative sexual activities (oral sex, anal sex, group sex, exchange of partners were estimated, as well as the reasons for their practicing. Sexual desire and its correlation with personality dimensions, the frequency of sexual disorders (erectile and ejaculation problems, anorgasmia, abortion, rape and identification of the rapist, the use of condoms and other methods of contraception were assessed. Conclusion. It could be postulated that biological influence on sexual behavior is powerful and resistant to the influence of time and place, as well as socio-cultural religious influences. A high rate of premarital sexual activity with a number of sexual partners, a relatively low rate of condom use and the fact that 4% of the female adolescents in this sample had an induced abortion suggest that there are gaps in the education provided to adolescents about sexual and reproductive risks within the Serbian speaking territory. An alarming statistic is that 5% of the female adolescents in this sample reported that they had been raped, or forced to participate in non-consensual sex within an ongoing relationship with a regular partner. There is a need for systemic changes within the field of sexual education and protection from sexually risky behavior among young adults.

  7. - Comportamiento sexual de toros en la sala de monta según Las técnicas de refrenamiento (Sexual behavior of bulls in the mounting-room according to restraint techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis O. Alba Gómez

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. Se investigaron 104 toros de diferentes razas sometidos a régimen de inseminación artificial, con el objetivo de evaluar el comportamiento sexual en la sala de monta según las técnicas de refrenamiento utilizadas. La duración promedio del tiempo de permanencia de los toros en la sala de espera osciló entre 30,1 y 40 minutos; se apreciaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la duración del preludio eyaculatorio según las razas, cuantitativamente más importantes en los toros Brown Swiss (3,86 min. y Cebú (6,4 min.; la duración del tiempo de reacción fue más eficiente en los toros mestizos 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Cebú, por ser más cortos y con menor variabilidad; el promedio de montas falsas permitidas indica más de dos saltos falsos por monta. El coeficiente de correlación lineal entre la masa corporal según las razas y el tiempo de reacción fue de r = 0,03 y el de la edad entre el tiempo de reacción de r = 0,05. Se concluyó que el tiempo de reacción de la mayoría de los toros pudo ser afectado por el inadecuado manejo en la duración del refrenamiento pasivo en la sala de espera y el número excesivo de montas falsas permitidas. Sumary. For this work 104 bulls of different breeds subjected to artificial insemination regime were used with the objective of evaluating their sexual behavior in the mounting-room with the use of restraint techniques. The duration average of the time of permanency of the bulls in the waiting-room oscillated between 30.1 and 40 minutes; differences were appreciated statistically significant in the duration of the prelude ejaculatory according to the races, quantitatively more important in Brown Swiss (3.86 min. and Zebu (6.4 min. bulls; the duration of the time of reaction was more efficient in crossbred 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Zebu bulls, for being shorter and with less variability; the average of allowed false mounts indicated more than two false jumps per mount. The coefficient of lineal correlation between the corporal mass, according to the races and the time of reaction, was of r = 0.03 and that of the age between the time of reaction was r = 0.05. It was concluded that the reaction time of most of the bulls could be affected by the inadequate handling in the duration of the passive restraint in the waiting-room and by the excessive number of allowed false mounts.

  8. Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual / Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando Luiz, Cardoso; Ana Carolina, Savall; Samantha, Sabbag; Aline Knepper, Mendes; Thais Silva, Beltrame.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54) e mulheres (n = 54) com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de I [...] dentidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres. Abstract in english This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54) and female (n = 54) participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. [...] The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

  9. TREATMENT OF 26 CASES OF MALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION BY BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES

    OpenAIRE

    Bagadia, V. N.; Ayyar, K. S.; Dhawale, K. M.; Pradhan, P. V.

    1983-01-01

    26 married males with premature ejaculation and secondary impotence were subjected to behavior therapy. Relaxation, graded tasks, semans exercise, the squeeze technique, desensitization and thought stopping were the techniques employed. 15 (58%) of the patients improved. Factors contributing to success or failure are studied and the results compared with those of others using Behaviour Therapy.

  10. The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function

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    Antonio C. Pinto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

  11. The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Antonio C., Pinto; Fabio, Baracat; Nelson D., Montellato; Anuar I., Mitre; Antonio M., Lucon; Miguel, Srougi.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied [...] using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

  12. Clitoral therapy device for treatment of sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of the clitoral therapy device (Eros Therapy) in alleviating sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. Methods and materials: Eligible patients had a history of cervical cancer treated with radiotherapy and self-reported sexual dysfunction of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders. Patients used the noninvasive, nonpharmacologic clitoral therapy device using a hand-held, battery-powered vacuum to cause clitoral engorgement four times weekly for 3 months during foreplay and self-stimulation. Study instruments included the Female Sexual Function Index, Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The outcome evaluation was performed at 3 months. Results: Between 2001 and 2002, 15 women were enrolled and 13 completed the study. The median patient age and radiotherapy-enrollment interval was 43.5 years and 2 years, respectively. At baseline, all patients reported symptoms of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, and some also had sexual desire and pain disorders. At 3 months, statistically significant improvements were seen in all domains tested, including sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and reduced pain. The median Female Sexual Function Index total score increased from 17 to 29.4 (maximal score, 36; p <0.001). The median Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total raw score increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score,re increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score, 118; p <0.001). At baseline, the Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total T-score corresponded to the bottom 10th percentile of normal sexual functioning. At 3 months, the total T-score placed the patients at the normalcy cutoff. Gynecologic examinations revealed improved mucosal color and moisture and vaginal elasticity and decreased bleeding and ulceration. Conclusion: Our results from this pilot study suggest that the clitoral therapy device may alleviate sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. A randomized, controlled trial is warranted to assess the full benefits of this approach

  13. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many ... applied regularly. Sexual aids, also known as “sex toys” can be used to enhance sexual pleasure. There ...

  14. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the sexual setting by enhancing communication with your partner, promoting non-sexual intimacy, and finding ways to keep sex special and exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, ...

  15. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing communication with your partner, promoting non-sexual intimacy, and ... sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working with ...

  16. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... men and women and are classified into four categories: desire disorders, arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual ... and women and are classified into 4 main categories: sexual desire disorders, sexual arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, ...

  17. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from ...

  18. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ways to keep sex special and exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work ... a “maintenance therapy” that is applied regularly. Sexual aids, also known as “sex toys” can be used ...

  19. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... example, anal pain in homosexual men. Women with female sexual arousal disorder have little or no genital ... in sexual intercourse. There are several subtypes of female sexual arousal disorders. Female orgasmic disorder is a ...

  20. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: desire disorders, ... the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main categories: sexual ...

  1. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable ... ways to express sexuality in all types of relationships, whether between men and women or partners of ...

  2. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to respond both physically and psychologically. Continued stimulation produces increased intensive sexual excitement and that produces sexual desire that she may not have had ...

  3. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... reducing stress, improving self-esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part ... his or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual ...

  4. Agresión sexual / Sexual assault

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Lapeña; A., Gaztambide; I., Huarte.

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los delitos contra la agresión sexual constituyen uno de los temas de mayor interés en el momento actual y en diferentes campos sociales (judicial, médico, policial, criminológico...). La importancia radica en la frecuencia de los mismos y las repercusiones legales, físicas y psicológicas que conlle [...] van. Debido a ello es importante tener clara la pauta de actuación en urgencias frente a tales delitos, siendo minucioso en la realización del informe ginecológico y en la toma de muestras, ofertando profilaxis de enfermedades de transmisión sexual y embarazos no deseados y prestando apoyo psicológico. Abstract in english Offences involving sexual assault are an issue of the greatest current interest in different social fields (legal, medical, police, criminological...). They are significant due to their frequency and to the legal, physical and psychological repercussions involved. It is therefore important to clearl [...] y understand the pattern of action in Accidents and Emergencies facing such cases. Great detail is required in the gynaecological report and the taking of samples, prophylaxes for sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies must be given and psychological support provided.

  5. Agresión sexual Sexual assault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Lapeña

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los delitos contra la agresión sexual constituyen uno de los temas de mayor interés en el momento actual y en diferentes campos sociales (judicial, médico, policial, criminológico.... La importancia radica en la frecuencia de los mismos y las repercusiones legales, físicas y psicológicas que conllevan. Debido a ello es importante tener clara la pauta de actuación en urgencias frente a tales delitos, siendo minucioso en la realización del informe ginecológico y en la toma de muestras, ofertando profilaxis de enfermedades de transmisión sexual y embarazos no deseados y prestando apoyo psicológico.Offences involving sexual assault are an issue of the greatest current interest in different social fields (legal, medical, police, criminological.... They are significant due to their frequency and to the legal, physical and psychological repercussions involved. It is therefore important to clearly understand the pattern of action in Accidents and Emergencies facing such cases. Great detail is required in the gynaecological report and the taking of samples, prophylaxes for sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies must be given and psychological support provided.

  6. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated ... become erect, her blood pressure and heart rate increase, and a “sex flush” from the stomach to ...

  7. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to its unaroused stated, called resolution. “Normal” sexual function has been described in many ways by different investigators. Most people think about sexual function as described by Masters and Johnson in the ...

  8. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... this is considered within the normal range sexual function. Female dyspareunia is pain in the vaginal area ... see” their actions. In addition to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain ...

  9. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... improving self-esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part of his ... its unexcited state, called resolution. There are also physical changes during the sexual response in men. During ...

  10. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing communication with your partner, promoting non-sexual intimacy, and ... with placebo and was associated with several side effects. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil, ...

  11. Sexual Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sexual Violence National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Division of Violence Prevention Facts at a Glance 2012 Adults ... at some time in their lives. 1 Sexual Violence Facts at a Glance Non-fatal Injuries, Medical ...

  12. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 1979, desire was added to the sexual reponse model, and then response was changed to only desire, ... interpersonal factors that can affect sexual function include relationship problems, religious beliefs, cultural beliefs, and one’s upbringing. ...

  13. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase with sexual activity. In diagnosing this, the clinician ... or lack of orgasm following a normal excitement phase. It’s important to note that many women are ...

  14. Healthy Sexuality

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    Full Text Available ... responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is ... are drawn up toward the abdomen. Meanwhile, seminal fluid collects in the prostatic urethra and the bulbourethral ...

  15. Healthy Sexuality

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    Full Text Available ... returns to its unaroused stated, called resolution. “Normal” sexual function has been described in many ways by different investigators. Most people think about sexual function as described by Masters and Johnson in the ...

  16. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the man and his partner. Male dyspareunia, or male sexual pain, is very uncommon, and is usually due ... a medical condition. There are 4 categories of male sexual pain: 1) ejaculatory pain that occurs occasionally, 2) ...

  17. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... aroused and feels sexual arousal from non-genital stimulation, but she lacks physiologic arousal or vaginal congestion, ... premature ejaculation, a man ejaculates with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration. This can ...

  18. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a clinician. If you have a sexual concern, it is important to know that help is available. ... worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it helpful to discuss your concerns with your sexual ...

  19. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or afraid to talk about sex or sexuality, it’s important to bring up any concerns with your ... expression of a person as a sexual being. It involves the complex interplay of sex (whether a ...

  20. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Sexual aversion disorder is an intense dislike of genital contact with a sexual partner and the person ... have physiologic arousal but not subjective arousal. With genital arousal disorder there is subjective arousal, when the ...

  1. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... can greatly influence how a person functions sexually. Social and interpersonal factors that can affect sexual function include relationship problems, religious beliefs, cultural beliefs, and one’s upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

  2. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other causes of sexual pain that include conditions of the penis, such as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and other types of sexual pain disorders, for example, anal pain in homosexual men. Women with female sexual arousal disorder have ...

  3. Sexual Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other causes of sexual pain that include conditions of the penis, such as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and other types of sexual pain disorders, for example, anal pain in homosexual men. Women with female sexual arousal disorder have ...

  4. Techniques Used in Forensic Psychological Examinations in Cases of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse / Tecnicas Utilizadas en las Pericias Psicologicas en Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil / Tecnicas Utilizadas nas Pericias Psicologicas em Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lara Lages, Gava; Debora Dalbosco, DellAglio.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atualmente, não há um protocolo padronizado para avaliação de situações de abuso sexual. Neste sentido, este estudo investigou as técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos na prática pericial em casos de suspeita de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil no contexto da investigação criminal. Doze psicólogos que atua [...] m como peritos nos Institutos Médico-Legais de seis capitais brasileiras foram entrevistados com entrevistas semi-estruturadas, que foram analisadas qualitativamente com o auxílio do software WebQDA. Os resultados apresentaram uma diversidade de ações empreendidas na prática pericial, assim como a presença de consensos e controvérsias em relação ao uso de testes psicológicos e da avaliação da credibilidade do relato. Também foi observada flexibilidade por parte das equipes na condução das perícias, adaptando as técnicas de acordo com as necessidades. Destaca-se a importância da diversidade técnica, que visa a auxiliar o perito na busca de conclusões confiáveis, bem como a manter o rigor técnico e a qualidade das avaliações. Abstract in spanish Actualmente, no hay un protocolo estandarizado para evaluación de situaciones de abuso sexual. En este sentido, este estudio investigó las técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos en la práctica pericial en casos de sospecha de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil en el contexto de la investigación criminal. Fuer [...] on utilizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas con doce psicólogos que actúan como peritos en los Institutos Médico-Legales de seis capitales brasileñas, que fueron analizadas cualitativamente con el auxilio del software WebQDA. Los resultados presentaron una diversidad de acciones emprendidas en la práctica pericial, así como la presencia de consensos y controversias en relación al uso de pruebas psicológicas y evaluación de la credibilidad del relato. También fue observada flexibilidad por parte de los equipos en la conducción de las pericias, adaptando las técnicas de acuerdo con las necesidades. Se destaca la importancia de la diversidad técnica, que visa a auxiliar el perito en la búsqueda de conclusiones confiables, así como a mantener el rigor técnico y la calidad de las evaluaciones. Abstract in english Currently, there is no standardized protocol for the evaluation of situations of sexual abuse. Thus, this study investigated the techniques used by psychologists in forensic examinations in cases of suspected child and adolescent sexual abuse in the context of the criminal investigation. Semi-struct [...] ured interviews, which were qualitatively analyzed using the WebQDA software, were applied with twelve psychologists who work as expert witnesses in the Medical-Legal Institute of six Brazilian capitals. The results showed a diversity of actions taken in the forensic examination practice, as well as consensus and controversy regarding the use of psychological testing and the credibility assessment of the report. Flexibility in conducting the forensic examinations by the teams was also observed, with the techniques used adapted according to the needs. The importance of the diversity of techniques was highlighted, as these aim to assist the expert witness to come to reliable conclusions, as well as maintain the rigor and technical quality of the evaluation.

  5. The role of attention in sexual arousal: implications for treatment of sexual dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jong, David C

    2009-01-01

    The literature on the role of attention in sexual arousal is reviewed, especially that which has implications for noninvasive treatment of sexual dysfunction. Findings suggest that voluntary control of sexual arousal can be achieved through attentional focus on nonsexual cognitions or sexual fantasy. Cognitive biases may direct attention and thus facilitate or impede sexual arousal. Sexual arousal may be influenced by directed attentional focus, and preliminary evidence suggests that mindfulness techniques may result in longer-term changes in attentional focus; these changes, in turn, may improve sexual response. Information-processing models of sexual arousal developed in light of such findings are discussed. This research establishes the central role of attentional processes in facilitating physiological and, especially, subjective sexual arousal. Implementing approaches that capitalize on attentional processes could advance noninvasive treatment of sexual dysfunction. Future avenues of research might investigate how play, mammalian play circuits, and flow states are relevant to sexual response and satisfaction. PMID:19308846

  6. Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bulllying

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... behavior involves unwanted sexual comments, suggestions, advances, or threats to another person, it's called sexual harassment or ... eventually gets the hint. This is a normal social interaction. But if the person hits on ... Online Identity and Reputation Someone Is Spreading Rumors About Me. ...

  7. Psychological assessment through performance-based techniques and self-reports: a case study of a sexually abused girl at preschool age.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khalily, Muhammad Tahir

    2011-05-01

    We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological battery including the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Standard Progressive Matrices, Rorschach Ink Blots, and the Schema Mode Inventory. These investigations were useful in formulating both a diagnosis and a management plan. The girl fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode and borderline personality disorder. This combination of psychological testing may be useful in establishing an accurate multiaxial diagnosis and for understanding the behavioral and psychological sequelae of child sexual abuse in similar cases. The study further suggests that schema-focused therapy is a useful therapeutic tool for individuals who have suffered child sexual abuse at an early age and who have borderline personality disorder.

  8. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to treat a problem. Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology of sex and in ... causes you distress, don’t be afraid to talk with a healthcare professional. Although sexual problems can ...

  9. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... viewing this embedded video, please click here . Transcript Sex and sexuality are important issues for many people, regardless of their age, sex, or gender. Although many people are embarrassed or ...

  10. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Kegel exercises, biofeedback therapy, and pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Kegel exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles ... addition to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain and urinary incontinence. Medical ...

  11. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... this is considered within the normal range sexual function. Female dyspareunia is pain in the vaginal area ... Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology of sex and in having realistic expectations for ...

  12. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... and are used together to treat a problem. Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology ... counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive ...

  13. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... include hormone therapy, antidepressants, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, and other medications. ... may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, often ...

  14. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... about sexual function as described by Masters and Johnson in the mid-1960s. They described 4 stages, ... returns to its unstimulated state. Since Masters and Johnson, other researchers have modified the original concept with ...

  15. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... proposed to improve libido in women, however more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety. ... shown to improve sexual desire. In a small study of nondepressed women and men with desire and ...

  16. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many different types of lubricants are ... if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction between tissues but they are different from lubricants ...

  17. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... lubricants in that they are absorbed into the skin. Moisturizers are a “maintenance therapy” that is applied ... concerns should be taken seriously. When a sexual problem causes you distress, don’t be afraid to ...

  18. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... process may be repeated or the body may return to its unexcited state, called resolution. There are ... actually two separate events. After orgasm, the body returns to its unaroused stated, called resolution. “Normal” sexual ...

  19. Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... abusive sexual contact. It can happen to men, women or children. The attacker can be anyone - a current or former partner, a family member, a person in position of power or trust, a friend, an acquaintance, ...

  20. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.” The concept of “sex,” is difficult to define and varies ... and Johnson, other researchers have modified the original concept with different descriptions of the sexual response. In ...

  1. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... This specialist may be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it ... only one has FDA-approval for treatment of female sexual dysfunction. The Eros is a small pump- ...

  2. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... desire and arousal difficulties, buproprion improved sexual functioning compared with placebo.. Larger studies are needed to confirm ... it produced only small improvements in response rates compared with placebo and was associated with several side ...

  3. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... used to enhance sexual pleasure. There are many devices that fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by men ...

  4. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... physical abnormalities should be checked by a clinician. If you have a sexual concern, it is important ... are associated with vaginal irritation and may break if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction ...

  5. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... into sexual activity to increase emotional closeness and commitment without having any previous desire or thoughts about ... that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a ...

  6. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are many clitoral devices, but only one has FDA-approval for treatment of female sexual dysfunction. The ... tablet, or a ring. Although testosterone is not FDA-approved for treatment of low desire in women, ...

  7. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a few drops of clear liquid at the tip of the penis. While all this is happening, ... at first. Sometimes people worry about their sexual health and function. If you have these concerns, you’ ...

  8. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... and counseling may involve individual and couples sessions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sensate focus, which are types ... training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that ...

  9. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ... everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.

  10. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... occur with entry into the vagina or as deep pain. Both psychological and physical factors can contribute ... sexual dysfunction. The Eros is a small pump-like vacuum that fits over the clitoris and uses ...

  11. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and other types of sexual pain disorders, for example, anal pain ... are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used ...

  12. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... arousal difficulties, buproprion improved sexual functioning compared with placebo.. Larger studies are needed to confirm these findings. ... only small improvements in response rates compared with placebo and was associated with several side effects. Phosphodiesterase ...

  13. Sexual Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bodies undergo changes that may hinder the rewarding sex life enjoyed until this time. For example, hormone levels decrease, medical conditions may affect sexual performance, chronic pain may get in the way, and surgery can ...

  14. Healthy Sexuality

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... all types of relationships, whether between men and women or partners of the same sex. Sex often ... psychosocial factors, other researchers have shown that a women’s response intertwines both her physical and emotional sexual ...

  15. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... the woman does not experience physiologic or subjective (mental) arousal. In missed arousal disorder, women have physiologic ... specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working ...

  16. Sexual Problems

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    Full Text Available ... to note that psychological problems such as sexual abuse can be involved as well. Pain caused by ... include hormone therapy, antidepressants, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, and other medications. ...

  17. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... many women are able to achieve orgasm with specific forms of stimulation, but not with intercourse, so ... therapy, and sensate focus, which are types of specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental ...

  18. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is the inability of a ... phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, and other medications. For women estrogen can ...

  19. Sexual Jealousy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M. Buss

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for women. Dozens of studies have documented sex-differentiated design features of jealousy: The relative upset about sexual and emotional aspects of infidelity; processing speed and memorial recall of sexual and emotional infidelity cues; physiological distress to sexual and emotional infidelity cues; qualities of same-sex rivals that evoke jealousy, such as superior job prospects versus greater physical attractiveness; triggers of mate retention tactics; jealous interrogations following the discovery of infidelity; and whether an infidelity produces forgiveness or breakup. Although showing all the hallmarks of evolved functionality, sexual jealousy also leads to tremendous destruction, from humiliation to homicide. By these scientific theoretical and empirical criteria, sexual jealousy is properly considered not only "basic" but also "one of the most important emotions".

  20. Sexual sadism in sexual offenders and sexually motivated homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briken, Peer; Bourget, Dominique; Dufour, Mathieu

    2014-06-01

    This article gives a clinically oriented overview of forensically relevant forms of sexual sadism disorder and its specific relationship to sexual homicide. In sexual homicide perpetrators, peculiar patterns of sexual sadism may be a motivational pathway to kill. Sexual sadism increases the risk for reoffending in sexual offenders. Through psychotherapy and pharmacological interventions, treatment of sadistic sex offenders has to consider special characteristics that may be different from those of nonsadistic sex offenders. Many of these offenders share a combination of sexual sadistic motives and an intact self-regulation, sometimes combined with a high level of sexual preoccupation. PMID:24877708

  1. Sexual Problems

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... diagnosis of HSDD is subjective and takes into account the person’s age, physical health, and personal life ... activity. In diagnosing this, the clinician takes into account the man’s age, and judges the sexual activity ...

  2. Sexual Violence

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-04-04

    This podcast discusses sexual violence - what it is, the long-term health problems it can contribute to, and tips to stop it before it begins.  Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/4/2011.

  3. Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Help a Victim You may be the first person that a victim confides in after a sexual ... be completed if a person has showered. The person should bring the same clothing that was worn during or ... website may require you to download plug-ins to view all content.

  4. Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Crime Prevention Council Phone: 202-466-6272 National Domestic Violence Hotline Phone: 800-799-7233 (TDD: 800-787-3224) National Sexual Violence Resource Center Phone: 877-739-3895 or 717-909-0710 (TDD: 717-909-0715) Office on Violence Against Women, OJP, DOJ Phone: 202-307-6026 (TDD: 202- ...

  5. Sexual Difficulties

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... resources to help you achieve a healthy, satisfying sex life. For instance, your doctor might prescribe a different medicine with few or no sexual side effects or suggest physical therapy to treat pelvic pain. Some women want to know about a female ...

  6. Sexuality and Young Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2000-01-01

    Describes normal aspects of sexuality during the early years, including masturbation and children's fanciful sexual ideas. Presents inappropriately mature sexual knowledge as a danger sign of abuse. Discusses whether and what teachers/caregivers should tell children about sexuality, and notes the importance of teaching staff about sexual identity…

  7. Sexual assault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-11-01

    This document provides information on issues related to sexual assault in the US. The specific topics briefly discussed are incidence, psychological impact, assault assessment kits, medical evaluation, legal concerns, counseling, follow-up, and special circumstances. It is stated that a woman who is sexually assaulted would experience intense anxiety, anger or fear, and rape-trauma syndrome. The physician evaluating the victim should be aware of the state statutory requirements, which may involve the use of kits for gathering evidence. Informed consent from the victim and meticulous physical examination of the entire body should be performed with photographs and drawings made in the injured areas. In counseling, the physician should talk with the patient concerning the degree of the injury and the probability of infection or pregnancy. There is a need for patients to be reevaluated concerning her medical and psychological status. PMID:12295376

  8. [Adolescent sexuality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calero, Juan del Rey

    2010-01-01

    The social Adolescent features are insecurity, narcissism, eroticism, more impetuosity than reason. 1/3 of adolescents have risk behaviour for health. The pregnancy rate in adolescent are 9/1,000 (11,720, the abort about 50 %). The total abort (2009) were 114,480. Increase the rate of 8,4 (1990) to 14,6/ 1,000 (2009). The sexual education fails. The consulting about contraceptives get pregnancy of the OR 3,2, condom OR 2,7. The adolescent are influenced in his matter: oeer have 70-75 % of influence, mother 30-40 %, father 15 %, for yhe environment and education Cyberspace access to information: 33 % exposed to unwanted sexual materials, 1 in 7 solicited sexual online. The argument have 4 central topic: Morality and Responsibility, Desire (responsibility vs gratification), Danger (fear related to pregnancy and STD/VIH), and Victimization. The prevention of STD: so called safe sex, delayed, and abstinence, Prevention HPV vaccine. The information is not enough, are necessary personal integral formation in values as self control, abstinence, mutual respect, responsibility, reasonable decisions. PMID:21877398

  9. Child abuse - sexual

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... minor children to sexual activity. This means a child is forced or talked into sex or sexual activities by another person. Such abuse includes: Oral sex Pornography Sexual intercourse Touching (fondling)

  10. Toddlers and Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pediatrics Common Questions, Quick Answers Toddlers and Sexual Behavior Donna D'Alessandro, M.D. Lindsay Huth, B. ... problem or sexual abuse. What kind of sexual behaviors are okay? Masturbation in toddlers is usually nothing ...

  11. Sexual Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Christine Boyce

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This month two general practitioners (GPs describe their approach to sexual health consultations.The issue of a sexually active adolescent demonstrates some differences in legislation pertaining tothe requirement to involve the authorities, although in essence the young person can expect thesame response from these practitioners in two different health care systems. On the other hand apatient at risk of sexually transmitted infections is more likely to be referred to a specialistGenitourinary clinic in the UK although the protocols for screening and education are largely similar.Equally patients who are HIV positive can expect to receive the bulk of their care from specialistclinics in both countries.Midwives are the main stay of antenatal services in Australia and the UK with general practitionersminimally involved in routine cases. Also home births are a negigible proportion of all deliveries ineither country. When patients opt for a home birth our authors expressed the view that GPsgenerally do not have the skills or experience to be the main health professional in attendance.Therefore such births are primarily managed by midwives as the key health care professional. Thefocus of General practitioners is primarily to ensure that the patient is making an informed decisionabout delivering her baby at home. The GP is therefore still in an influential position to assist thewoman in making a decision about where to give birth. As a point of difference in Australia a homebirth would result in out of pocket expences for the mother.The views expressed below are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice elsewhere in their countries. However we believe they offer an interesting perspective ontheir health care systems and commend the article to our readers.Please

  12. Detecting sexual conflict and sexually antagonistic coevolution

    OpenAIRE

    Rowe, Locke; Day, Troy

    2006-01-01

    We begin by providing an operational definition of sexual conflict that applies to both inter- and intralocus conflict. Using this definition, we examine a series of simple coevolutionary models to elucidate fruitful approaches for detecting interlocus sexual conflict and resultant sexually antagonistic coevolution. We then use published empirical examples to illustrate the utility of these approaches. Three relevant attributes emerge. First, the dynamics of sexually antagonistic coevolution ...

  13. Sexuality Research: From Past to Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat KÜÇÜKGÖNCÜ

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Although sex researchers use the same methodology as other social scientists, they are constrained by ethical concerns and taboos which are not experienced in other fields. Because of the taboos surrounding sexuality, some traditional research methods are inappropriate. However, sex research, like most social science researches, uses scientific methodological approaches such as survey research (questionnaires and interviews, observational research, experimental research, clinical research and case studies. Ethical issues are especially important in sexuality which is a subject loaded with emotional and moral values. Methodological concern, regarding sampling techniques and their accuracy, is the other important issue. Without a representative sample, the conclusions drawn by these methodologies are limited. Furthermore, sex research is important on both social and personal level. Human sexuality is inherently linked to many of the most important social concerns in the world today. Many public health crises, including sexually transmitted infections, family planning, sexual assault and adolescent pregnancy, are related to human sexuality and to the contribution of sexual attitude, religion and values to these issues. Sex researches may constitute a basis for improved health care, effective social policies, and improvements in public perception. This article reviews methods for sexuality research and their advantages and disadvantages in a historical perspective. Our article aimed to provide valuable information and to encourage the scientists who are interested in sexuality research. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46: 102-9

  14. Sexual dysfunction in inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazi, Leyla J; Patil, Seema A; Cross, Raymond K

    2015-04-01

    Sexual health is a broad term that encompasses a variety of functions including sexual thoughts, desire, arousal, intercourse, orgasm, and the impact of body image. Sexual dysfunction in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease is multifactorial including the impact of psychosocial factors, disease activity, medical therapies, surgical interventions, body image perceptions and changes, hypogonadism, and pelvic floor disorders. Providers caring for patients with inflammatory bowel disease should be cognizant of these concerns and develop management plans and techniques for earlier diagnosis and treatment. PMID:25504236

  15. Your Sexual Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... engage in any type of sexual activity, including masturbation • does not have (or has very few) sexual ... desire for or interest in sex; sex drive. Masturbation: Self-stimulation of the genitals, usually resulting in ...

  16. Sexually Transmitted Parasitic Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Shelton, Andrew A.

    2004-01-01

    An increasing number of diseases are recognized as being sexually transmitted. The majority of these are bacterial or viral in nature; however, several protozoan and nematode infections can also be transmitted by sexual activity. For most of these diseases, the primary mode of transmission is nonsexual in nature, but sexual activity that results in fecal-oral contact can lead to transmission of these agents. Two parasitic diseases commonly transmitted by sexual contact are amebiasis and giard...

  17. Sexual Orientation Disparities in Sexually Transmitted Infections: Examining the Intersection Between Sexual Identity and Sexual Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Everett, Bethany G.

    2012-01-01

    The terms MSM (men who have sex with men) and WSW (women who have sex with women) have been used with increasing frequency in the public health literature to examine sexual orientation disparities in sexual health. These categories, however, do not allow researchers to examine potential differences in sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk by sexual orientation identity. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health, this study investigated the relationship between ...

  18. Adolescents sexual practices

    OpenAIRE

    Frias, Ana; Chora, Anto?nia

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: If teens options are experimenting sexualized practices, we should facilitate their knowledge, make them aware of their choices and help them living their sexuality in a safer mode. Objectives: To identify adolescents sexual practices; characterize the attitudes of teenagers against the use of contraception. Methods: quantitative research with exploratory nature. We studied a convenience sample of 301 adolescents of both sexes whitch attend the 9th grade. Sexual practices and a...

  19. Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?

    OpenAIRE

    Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; Mcfall, Richard M.

    2007-01-01

    Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sex...

  20. Female sexual dysfunction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    R, Boa.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Patients want to discuss concerns about their sexual health, but these discussions can be difficult to initiate. Most patients wait for their healthcare provider to enquire about their sexual health. Female sexual problems are highly prevalent, affecting up to 43% of women. Between a third and half [...] of these women describe their problem/s as distressing, causing a major impact on their quality of life and interpersonal relationships. Addressing sexual health issues with patients can enhance medical practice and improve patient well-being. This article provides healthcare providers with an approach to addressing female sexual dysfunction, along with an overview of diagnosis and treatment options.

  1. Maintaining sexuality in menopause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nappi, Rossella E; Martini, Ellis; Martella, Silvia; Capuano, Francesca; Bosoni, David; Giacomini, Sonia; Beraghi, Matteo; Spinillo, Arsenio

    2014-03-13

    Sexual health in the menopause is a medical challenge because the progressive decline of sexual hormones interacts with the aging process and many psychosocial stressors modulate vulnerability for sexual symptoms (low sexual desire, poor arousal and lubrication, dyspareunia, orgasmic dysfunction and lack of satisfaction). In clinical practice, a coordinated approach is needed to optimally manage the risk for developing female sexual dysfunction (FSD), especially when chronic conditions are present. Biomedical and psychosocial interventions include general education, recognition of signs and symptoms, promotion of health, attention to the partner and individualization of treatment. Counselling to overcome personal and relational difficulties should be always combined with hormonal and non-hormonal strategies to maximize biological signals driving the sexual response. By enhancing women's abilities to cope with sexual changes at midlife, health care providers may significantly optimize healthy aging and partnership. PMID:24879777

  2. Childhood Sexual Abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim Aktepe

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually towards male child. Thirty-fifty percent of abuse cases among child and adolescent are outside the family including strangers or familiar person. Some features of abusers are introvert personality, pedophilic and antisocial personality. Most of the abusers have a history of sexual abuse or aggression during childhood. Sexual intercourse between two people who are not allowed to marry by law is called as incest. Family pattern of incest is defined globally as disorganized and dysfunctional. The most commonly reported familial pattern is rigid and patriarchal family pattern with a harsh father using force quite frequently. The clinical features and impacts of the sexual abuse on the child varies according to the relation between abusers and the child, form of abuse, duration of abuse, presence of physical assault, developmental phase, child age and psychological development before the abuse. Sexual abuse history may result in psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, substance dependence, suicide act, borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder. Abuse negatively affects interpersonal relationships and self esteem of abused individuals. Several studies reported close association between risky sexual behaviors in adulthood and a history of of sexual abuse during childhood. Four traumatic dynamics including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness, and stigmatization exist in childhood abuse. Trauma can cause behavioral and psychological results by itself, early trauma may also lead to biological effects. Especially traumas during neuron plasticity phase may lead hypersensitivity of neuroendocrine stress response. Early life stresses are shown to lead changes in corticotrophin releasing factor system in preclinical and clinical phase studies. In the treatment of sexual abuse, emotional process related with trauma should be focused on. This process may be conducted with play therapy. Development of higher level defense mechanism, increasing ego capacity, orientation to social activity and personal activity according to skills is aimed. For the elimination of guiltiness related with stigmatization, the child should be told that it is not herhis fault to incorporate into sexual interaction and the culprit is abuser. It is fairly important for medical staff, school and family to have sufficient information about sexual abuse for prevention and early recognition.

  3. Nigerian secondary school adolescents' perspective on abstinence-only sexual education as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inyang, Mfrekemfon P; Inyang, Obonganyie P

    2013-01-01

    The success of any type of sexual education programme depends on the knowledge and preparedness for practice by adolescents. A recent study has found that an 'abstinence-only' sexual education programme is effective in reducing sexual activity among adolescents. Knowledge of abstinence-only sexual education and preparedness for practice as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health among Nigerian secondary school adolescents was studied. An analytic descriptive survey design was used for the study. The research population comprised of all public secondary schools in three southern geopolitical zones of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 2020 senior secondary school (SS1-SS3) students as sample for the study. A partially self-designed and partially adapted questionnaire from an 'abstinence-only versus comprehensive sex education' debate, from debatepedia (http://wiki.idebate.org/), entitled 'Questionnaire on Nigerian Secondary School Adolescents' Perspective on Abstinence-Only Sexual Education (QNSSAPAOSE)' was used in eliciting information from respondents. Hypotheses were formulated and tested. Frequency counts, percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation were used in analysing data. A greater proportion of secondary school adolescents in this study lacked knowledge of sexual education. About 80% of the respondents could not define sexual education. The general perspective on abstinence-only sexual education was negative, as revealed by the larger number of respondents who demonstrated unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Specifically, of those who responded in favour of abstinence-only sexual education, the youngest group of adolescents (11-13 years) and the male respondents were more likely to accept this type of education than the other groups. Poor knowledge of sexual education could be responsible for unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Sexual education should, therefore, be introduced into the secondary school curriculum and taught by well-prepared teachers to enable an informed decision on practice. PMID:24627776

  4. Past-Year Sexual Inactivity among Older Married Persons and Their Partners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karraker, Amelia; DeLamater, John

    2013-01-01

    Family scholars have focused on the onset of sexual activity early in the life course, but little is known about the cessation of sexual activity in relationships in later life. We use event-history analysis techniques and logistic regression to identify the correlates of sexual inactivity among older married men and women. We analyze data for…

  5. Sexual deviance and psychopathy as risk factors for sexual violence

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Karla Jean

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the co-occurrence of psychopathy and sexual deviance in sexual offenders (N = 76). The relationship between psychopathy and sexual deviance was assessed in terms of their independence and whether they interacted to increase sexual recidivism significantly. The predictive values of psychopathy and sexual deviance as individual risk factors were also explored. Psychopathy and sexual deviance as general constructs were independent, although a number of specific aspects of psy...

  6. Guidelines for Teaching about Sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigg, Elizabeth

    1997-01-01

    Nurse educators who are comfortable with their own sexuality, have sensitive and perceptive communication skills, and are knowledgeable about sexual health are best equipped to integrate sexuality education into the nursing curriculum. (SK)

  7. Dysfunctional anger and sexual violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, A G

    2014-06-01

    Sexual offenses with or without aggression attract attention from the popular media and the scientific community. Empirical research suggests a relationship between anger and sexual violence. This article describes the key themes of dysfunctional anger and sexual violence, and how dysfunctional anger relates to sexual fantasies, sexual offending, and sexual recidivism. The implications of the findings for clinical practice and future research are discussed. PMID:24877709

  8. Am I Sexually Normal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Who hasn't compared her sex life with a friend's and wondered, "Why don't I have sex three times a day? Or five orgasms in one night? Is there something wrong with me or my partner? Am I sexually normal?" Even though I am a physician, I learned more about sexuality from friends, partners and ...

  9. Sexual Harassment in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duldt, Bonnie W.

    1982-01-01

    Sexual harassment in the workplace, specifically in nursing, is discussed. The impact of sexual harassment, characteristics of those commonly involved, the need for changing attitudes of men and women in the workplace, the factor of power in relationships, and ways to avoid legal suits are all examined. (CT)

  10. Sexual Dysfunction in Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... less sexual desire, have vaginal dryness or have pain during sex due to a decrease in estrogen (a hormone in the body). The stresses of everyday life ... may help. If you still have pain during sex, talk to your doctor. He or she can ... taking the hormone estrogen may help with sexual problems. If you' ...

  11. [Sexuality in the elderly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilk, Bartosz

    2015-02-25

    Sustaining and strengthening the ability of the elderly to continue their sexual needs can be realized as part of improving their quality of life, health and well-being. There is no age at which ends the expression of sexuality and intimacy. Through education, quality of life and advances in medicine, the average life expectancy is still increasing. Sexual activity of older people society usually describe using pejorative terms as an inappropriate, bizarre or obscene, but these labels are different than reality. Hormonal changes and other physiological changes associated with aging affect sexual interest. Erectile dysfunction is a problem in men increasing with age. There is no evidence that premature ejaculation is more common in older age. Cross-sectional studies showed no difference in sexual dysfunction between older and younger women. Age is not a barrier to sexually transmitted diseases. The most common pathogenetic factors for male erectile dysfunction are vascular diseases. In women, the most important symptoms of sexual dysfunction are lack of emotional wellbeing and a sense of intimacy during sexual intercourse. PMID:25815611

  12. Male sexual dysfunction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    P, Ramlachan; M M, Campbell.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Approximately 31% of men suffer from a sexual dysfunction in their lifetime. This review aims to provide the family practitioner with an approach to managing common cases of male sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, using consensus guidelines. [...

  13. The sexual responses of sexual sadists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seto, Michael C; Lalumière, Martin L; Harris, Grant T; Chivers, Meredith L

    2012-08-01

    On average, rapists show greater relative genital responses to rape stories than do nonrapists in the laboratory. It has been suggested that this robust group difference is explained by the fact that many rapists are sexually sadistic. It is not clear, however, what the critical cues underlying rapists' genital responses are, because rape stories used in previous research include a mix of sadistic cues of violence and victim injury as well as cues of victim resistance and nonconsent. The present study was conducted to identify the critical cues producing self-identified sadists' sexual responses, and thereby to test sexual sadism as an explanation of rapists' arousal pattern. The present study was also conducted to develop a new phallometric test for sexual sadism for research and clinical applications, given evidence of poor diagnostic reliability and validity. Eighteen self-identified male sadists, 22 men with some sadistic interests who did not meet all of our sadist criteria, and 23 nonsadists (all recruited from the community) were compared in their genital and subjective responses to a new set of stories that disentangle violence/injury cues from resistance/nonconsent cues. The three groups differed in both their genital and subjective responses: using indices of relative responding, sadists responded significantly more to cues of violence/injury than nonsadists and men with some sadistic interests. The group difference for cues of nonconsent was not significant. The results suggest that sexual sadism primarily involves arousal to violence/injury in a sexual context rather than resistance/nonconsent. PMID:22708887

  14. Psychopathy and sexual sadism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokros, Andreas; Osterheider, Michael; Hucker, Stephen J; Nitschke, Joachim

    2011-06-01

    Psychopathic personality disorder and sexual sadism share several common characteristics, such as emotional detachment from the suffering of others or the preparedness to inflict pain or injuries. Based on a sample of 100 male forensic patients (all of them sex offenders, half of them sadistic), the concept of psychopathy and sexual sadism as a unified construct was tested empirically. Pooling indicator variables for psychopathic and sexually sadistic disorders showed that a two-factorial solution yielded a better fit than a single-factor model. The two factors identified psychopathy and sexual sadism as separate latent variables. More specifically, the data were compatible with a path model in which affective deficits and behavioral disinhibition of the psychopathy domain are precursors to sexually sadistic conduct. PMID:20393872

  15. RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espada, José P.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sexual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351. The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18. Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years, average (15 years and late (later than 15 years. The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

  16. Sexual compulsion – Relationship with sex, attachment and sexual orientation

    Science.gov (United States)

    KATZ, LICHEN; EBERHARDT, HILA; COHEN, KOBY; LEJOYEUX, MICHEL

    2015-01-01

    Background and aims Sexual addiction, also known as hypersexual disorder, is associated with serious psychosocial problems for many people. Methods This study used questionnaires to investigate the effects of gender, sexual orientation and attachment (avoidance and anxiety) on sexual compulsion among 100 heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Results A positive correlation was found between anxious attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.46; p homosexual and heterosexual men [t (2, 50) = 1.30, p = N.S.]. Discussion The results provide preliminary evidence for an association between attachment and sexual compulsivity and the effects of gender and sexual orientation on sexual compulsivity. PMID:25786496

  17. Premature Ejaculation and Utilization of Cognitive Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Akkoyunlu, Serkan; Hakan Tu?rkc?apar, M.; Akkoyunlu, Canan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Premature ejaculation is the most common male sexual dysfunction leading to distress in many couples. Master and Johnson emphasized the concept of early learned experiences and Kaplan emphasized lack of sensory awareness. For treatment sex therapists mainly utilize start-stop and squeeze techniques as homework. Couples enter sex therapy with some cognitive distortions and beliefs about sex and sexuality. These beliefs are also named sexual myths. For some couples using technique...

  18. Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Angela Boccara de, Paula; Renata Ferreira, Takahashi; Pedro Roberto de, Paula.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS) da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, [...] com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a unidade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 200 [...] 5. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.

  19. Sexualities and the ECHR: Introducing the Universal Sexual Legal Subject

    OpenAIRE

    Grigolo, Michele

    2003-01-01

    Shifting from an essentialist to a constructionist perspective on sexual identities, I move from a consideration of the homosexual legal subject, as presently treated under the European Convention on Human Rights, to the elaboration of a universal sexual legal subject. The universal sexual legal subject enjoys two basic rights: the right to choose sexual activity and sexual identity and the right to establish relationships and families in accordance with this choice. The possibility of includ...

  20. Research in Human Sexuality Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Joan; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Medical students' attitudes towards concepts in sexuality before and after a five-day sexuality course were tested at the University of Miami School of Medicine and evaluated with Osgood's Semantic Differential. Concepts rated were "my sexuality,""masturbation,""homosexuality," and "my role in understanding sexual problems." (LBH)

  1. [Sexual disorders in adolescents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheer, P J

    2014-02-01

    Numerous sexual disorders, which were previously in the foreground, have in fact disappeared due to our changing society. This broad field today includes repressed sexual disorders of adolescents who cannot or do not want to go along with the changes either for familial or personal reasons. Immigrant background, religious beliefs, and peer pressure may play a role here. As a dialog partner for adolescents, the competent physician must take into consideration the interplay of sexual desire, ethical beliefs, morals, and parental expectations, which requires interest, intuition, and tact. PMID:24535205

  2. Sexual function and ageing

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L, Geffen.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The development of medications for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men has, on one level, medicalised the notion of sexual dysfunction. However, it has also allowed researchers to explore many other aspects of sexual function in older persons. Health and well-being are positively affected b [...] y sexual activity. Older persons engaging in regular consensual sex have shown improved well-being in both physical and psychological health, associated with fewer health problems as they age. Engaging in intercourse has been correlated with improved intimate relationships, improved cardiovascular health and lower rates of depression.

  3. Constructions of sexuality in later life: Analyses of Canadian magazine and newspaper portrayals of online dating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Mineko; Hurd Clarke, Laura; Rozanova, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Advertisements as well as contemporary literature and films often depict older adults as sexually undesirable and unattractive, which reinforces the stereotype that they are nonsexual. However, the evolving discourses of successful aging emphasize that active engagement in life is a key element of healthy aging and as such, have been influencing the ways that older adults' sexuality is represented. This paper explores how popular newspapers and magazines in Canada construct and portray later life sexuality within the context of online dating. We retrieved 144 newspaper and magazine articles about later life online dating that were published between 2009 and 2011. Our thematic and discursive analyses of the articles generated six themes. Of 144 articles, 13% idealized sexuality (sexual attractiveness and optimal sexual engagement) for older adults. The articles portrayed sexual interests and functioning as declining in later life (19%) more often than sustaining (15%). Approximately 15% of the articles suggested that older adults should explore new techniques to boost sexual pleasure, thereby medicalizing and ameliorating sexual decline. In addition, the articles challenged the stereotype of older adults as non-sexual and claimed that sexual engagement in later life was valuable as it contributed to successful aging. We address the paradox in the articles' positive portrayals of older adults' sexuality and the tensions that arise between the two distinct ideals of sexuality that they advance. PMID:25661855

  4. Sexual scripts and sexual risk behaviors among black heterosexual men: development of the sexual scripts scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowleg, Lisa; Burkholder, Gary J; Noar, Seth M; Teti, Michelle; Malebranche, David J; Tschann, Jeanne M

    2015-04-01

    Sexual scripts are widely shared gender and culture-specific guides for sexual behavior with important implications for HIV prevention. Although several qualitative studies document how sexual scripts may influence sexual risk behaviors, quantitative investigations of sexual scripts in the context of sexual risk are rare. This mixed methods study involved the qualitative development and quantitative testing of the Sexual Scripts Scale (SSS). Study 1 included qualitative semi-structured interviews with 30 Black heterosexual men about sexual experiences with main and casual sex partners to develop the SSS. Study 2 included a quantitative test of the SSS with 526 predominantly low-income Black heterosexual men. A factor analysis of the SSS resulted in a 34-item, seven-factor solution that explained 68 % of the variance. The subscales and coefficient alphas were: Romantic Intimacy Scripts (? = .86), Condom Scripts (? = .82), Alcohol Scripts (? = .83), Sexual Initiation Scripts (? = .79), Media Sexual Socialization Scripts (? = .84), Marijuana Scripts (? = .85), and Sexual Experimentation Scripts (? = .84). Among men who reported a main partner (n = 401), higher Alcohol Scripts, Media Sexual Socialization Scripts, and Marijuana Scripts scores, and lower Condom Scripts scores were related to more sexual risk behavior. Among men who reported at least one casual partner (n = 238), higher Romantic Intimacy Scripts, Sexual Initiation Scripts, and Media Sexual Socialization Scripts, and lower Condom Scripts scores were related to higher sexual risk. The SSS may have considerable utility for future research on Black heterosexual men's HIV risk. PMID:24311105

  5. Traumatic sexuality after intrafamilial sexual abuse: a case report with compulsive sexual behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songül Gündo?du K?ran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is one of the most diffucult issue to be talked over and studied. All instances of abuse are not recognized or reported because of shame and guilt feelings, or hidden from other family members. It can lead to both immediate and long-term adverse behavioral and psychological effects that carry over into adulthood. A causal model identifying rehationship among sexual abuse situation characteristics, based on Finkelhor and Browne?s traumagenic model of childhood sexual abuse has four traumatic dynamics, including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness and stigmatization. Traumatic sexuality can be defined as deviation of the development of sexual feelings and attitudes from normal. The documented long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse on adult functioning include affective disorders, self destructive behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder and disturbed interpersonal relationships. In this article, we present a case with sexual obsessions and compulsive sexual behaviours, which developed after intrafamilial sexual abuse.

  6. Educar en conductas sexuales saludables: una innovación docente en promoción de la salud / Education about healthy sexual behaviors among high school students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María A, García G; Guillermo A, Cañadas-De la Fuente; Emilio, González-Jiménez; Rafael, Fernández Castillo; Inmaculada, García-García.

    1269-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 year [...] s (34 females), attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.

  7. Sexuality and Dementia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A + A You are here Home Sexuality and Dementia Printer-friendly version Coping with Changes in Your ... said Jerry, who cared for his wife with dementia. At a recent conference of the Caregiver Resource ...

  8. Sexuality and Down Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Syndrome Human sexuality encompasses an individual's self-esteem, interpersonal relationships and social experiences relating to dating, marriage ... Couwenhoven, Terri. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House. (2012) Combating Violence and Abuse of People with Disabilities: A Call ...

  9. Sexual Abuse of Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapo, Marg

    1988-01-01

    Canadian reports and legislation are reviewed to highlight the school's role in prevention and reporting of suspicions of child sexual abuse. The vulnerability of handicapped children and child pornography are two areas of victimization emphasized. (Author/DB)

  10. FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 U.S.C. §2256(8)) defines ... a person under the age of 18. Is child pornography a crime? It is a federal crime to ...

  11. Child Sexual Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... victim of prolonged sexual abuse usually develops low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness and an abnormal or ... can help abused children regain a sense of self-esteem, cope with feelings of guilt about the abuse, ...

  12. Understanding Sexual Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... be, but is not limited to, a friend, coworker, neighbor, or family member. There are many types ... based activities that address healthy sexuality and dating relationships. • Helping parents identify and address violent attitudes and ...

  13. Women and sexual problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sex. Illnesses like cancer, bladder or bowel diseases, arthritis, and headaches may cause sexual problems. Some medicines can cause problems with sex. Medicine for blood pressure, depression, and chemotherapy can decrease your sex drive or make it hard to ...

  14. Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT, uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos.Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

  15. Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas / The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lúcia Alves da Silva, Lara; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e, Silva; Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata, Romão; Flavia Raquel Rosa, Junqueira.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da f [...] unção sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos. Abstract in english Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed b [...] y four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

  16. Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Whitlow, Charles B.

    2004-01-01

    Common sexually transmitted bacterial organisms may affect the anorectum and perianal skin. While some of these infections are a result of contiguous spread from genital infection, most result from receptive anal intercourse. Polymicrobial infection is common and there is overlap in symptoms caused by the organisms that may infect the anorectum. This article addresses the most common bacterial organisms that are sexually transmitted and affect the anorectum. It includes discussions of gonorrh...

  17. Crowdsourcing Sexual Objectification

    OpenAIRE

    Carissima Mathen

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the criminal offence of the non-consensual distribution of intimate images (what some call “revenge porn”). Focussing on the debate currently underway in Canada, it notes that such an offence would fill a grey area in that country’s criminal law. Arguing, more broadly, that the criminal law has an important expressive function, the paper posits that the offence targets the same general type of wrongdoing—sexual objectification—that undergirds sexual assault. Whi...

  18. Professional perspectives on sexual sadism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLawsen, Julia E; Jackson, Rebecca L; Vannoy, Steven D; Gagliardi, Gregg J; Scalora, Mario J

    2008-09-01

    Significant controversy surrounds the diagnosis of sexual sadism. Research suggests that many characteristics attributed to sexual sadists fail to differentiate sexual offenders with and without this diagnosis. Furthermore, when there are differences between sadists and nonsadists, "sadistic" features are frequently associated with nonsadists. Finally, diagnosticians appear to use idiosyncratic methods to diagnose sexual sadism. These findings raise concerns about the reliability and validity of a diagnosis of sexual sadism, particularly with respect to how professionals conceptualize this diagnosis. This study examines how professionals understand the relative importance of behaviors associated with sadistic versus nonsadistic sexual offending. Professionals rated behaviors according to their "essentialness" for this diagnosis. Results show that professionals rated behaviors associated with three out of four conceptualizations of sexual sadism as significantly more essential to making a diagnosis of sexual sadism, compared to behaviors associated with nonsadistic sexual offending. Results suggest that professionals reliably discriminate between sadistic and nonsadistic offense behaviors. PMID:18775840

  19. Rural-to-urban migration and sexual debut in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anglewicz, Philip; VanLandingham, Mark; Phuengsamran, Dusita

    2014-10-01

    Migration from one's parents' home and sexual debut are common features of the transition to adulthood. Although many studies have described both of these features independently, few have examined the relationship between migration and sexual debut in a systematic manner. In this study, we explore this link for young adults in Thailand. With relatively high rates of internal migration, rapid modernization, a moderate HIV epidemic, and a declining average age of sexual debut, Thailand presents an instructive environment in which to examine migration and sexual debut. We use two waves of a longitudinal data set (2005 and 2007) that includes a subsample of young adults who migrated to urban areas during that period. We identify characteristics and behaviors associated with sexual debut and examine the role of migration on debut. Our approach reduces several common sources of bias that hamper existing work on both migration and sexual debut: (1) the longitudinal nature of the data enables us to examine the effects of characteristics that predate both behaviors of interest; (2) the survey on sexual behavior employed a technique that reduces response bias; and (3) we examine differences in debut by marital status. We find that migrants have a higher likelihood of sexual debut than nonmigrants. PMID:25145326

  20. Sexual Motives: The Impact of Gender, Personality, and Social Context on Sexual Motives and Sexual Behavior - Especially Risky Sexual Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard L. Rapson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, scholars from a variety of disciplines have begun to investigate passionate love, sexual desire, and sexual behavior. Specifically, they have begun to investigate questions profound questions as: “Why do men and women engage in sexual liaisons?” “Why do they avoid such liaisons?” In this paper, we will review what theorists have learned about the motives that encourage people to engage in (or to avoid sexual encounters, focusing specifically about what is know about the influence of gender, personality, and social context on sexual motives. We will close by speculating about the impact of such differing motives on sexual functioning and the prevalence of STIs and AIDs.

  1. Indirect behavioral measures of cognition among sexual offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Robert J; Craig, Rebecca L; Gray, Nicola S

    2011-03-01

    Indirect measures of cognition have become an important tool in research on sexual offending. Such methods allow the exploration and testing of models of cognitive processes that might underpin sexual preferences and, in turn, sexual offending. The article reviews studies that have used a large range of indirect techniques (e.g., Implicit Association Test, Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure, Choice Reaction Times, Stroop Interference, Rapid Serial Visual Presentation, Lexical Decision Priming Task, and Viewing Times), and aims to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this research. PMID:21409714

  2. AIDS IMPACT Special Issue: Sexual Risk Reduction Needs of Adolescents Living with HIV in a Clinical Care Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Bakeera-kitaka, Sabrina; No?stlinger, Christiana Maria; Nabukeera- Barungi, Nicolette; Kekitiinwa, Addy; Colebunders, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Abstract ABSTRACT As anti-retroviral therapy becomes increasingly available, young people living with HIV need tailored support to adopt healthy sexual behaviors. There has been a gap in the availability of culturally appropriate techniques for secondary prevention and sexual risk reduction in this target-group. This formative study assessed sexual and reproductive health needs and problems, as well as determinants of sexual risk taking among young people living with HIV ag...

  3. Adolescent sexuality and disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neufeld, Jacob A; Klingbeil, Fred; Bryen, Diane Nelson; Silverman, Brett; Thomas, Anila

    2002-11-01

    Regardless of what our beliefs about sex and disability may be, as health care providers we can promote the health and well being of our patients with disabilities in several ways. First and perhaps foremost, physical and programmatic barriers to accessing general health care including routine gynecologic care must be dramatically reduced. The promise of Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act must be aggressively extended to our health care system to ensure equal access to routine health care for all. Second, knowledge of community resources that can support the healthy development and exercise of responsible and satisfying sexuality is critical. For example, health care providers should know about adaptive and assistive technologies as well as the use of personal care assistants to support the healthy although sometimes nontypical expression of one's sexuality. Centers for Independent Living are community resources that are often underutilized by the medical profession. These centers--run by and for people with disabilities--are likely resources and allies for providing education, role models, and peer mentoring around relationships, intimacy, sexuality, sexual expression, and parenting with a disability. Finally, sex education is a must and should include the following: Basic facts of life, reproduction, and sexual intercourse; Human growth and development Human reproduction and anatomy Self-pleasuring/masturbation and the use of sexual aids Intimacy and privacy Pregnancy and child birth Contraception and abortion Family life and parenthood Sexual response and consensual sex Sexual orientation Sexual abuse HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. The question should not be whether sex education is provided to persons with disabilities, but rather how it is most effectively provided. Health sex education must include the development of effective communication skills, decision-making skills, assertiveness, and the ability to say "no." It must also include ways to create satisfying relationships. For more information about sex education as it relates to people with disabilities, the following abbreviated resource list may be helpful: http://www.sexualhealth.com http://www.lookingglass.com Ludwig S, Hingsburger, D. Being sexual: an illustrated series on sexuality and relationships. SIECCAN, 850 Coxwell, Aven., East York, Ontario, M4C 5R1 Tel: 416-466-5304; Fax: 416-778-0785. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036. Tel: 212-819-9770. National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY), P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013; Tel/TTY: 800-695-0285; Fax: 202-884-8641; Internet: www.nichcy.org Non-Latex Supplies (Ask your pharmacist if not available) Trojan-Supra: http://www.trojancondoms.com Durex-Avanti: http://www.durex.com Female Health Company-FC Female Condom http://www.femalehealth.com Pasante--EzOn http://www.postalcondoms.co.uk (available in Canada and U.K.). PMID:12465564

  4. Reliability of the Timeline Followback Sexual Behavior Interview

    OpenAIRE

    Weinhardt, Lance S.; Carey, Michael P.; Maisto, Stephen A.; Carey, Kate B.; Cohen, Meredith M.; Wickramasinghe, Sohan M.

    1998-01-01

    The reliability of self-reported sexual behavior is a question of utmost importance to HIV-prevention research. The Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview, which was developed to assess alcohol consumption on the event level, incorporates recall-enhancing techniques that result in reliable information. In this study, the TLFB interview was adapted to assess HIV-related sexual behaviors and their antecedents, and its reliability was assessed. The interview was administered to 110 participants (4...

  5. Sexual abuse and incest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medine Ay?in Ta?ar

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Incest, which is the severest form of child sexual abuse is defined as the sexual behaviours between close relatives whose marriage is illegal or describes inappropriate sexual behaviours within a family relation framework. Incestous relation is accepted as a taboo, therefore it is frequently a secret within the family and is a chronic process which is hard to recognize. It is important to recognize and prevent incest because it is more difficult to be revealed compared to other forms of abuse and results in severe and long term consequences in victims. Physical, emotional and social consequences of incest are very severe and last for a lifetime. Prevention of incest is closely linked to prevention of child sexual abuse. Collaboration of different parts of child protection system, namely, healthcare system, social services, law enforcement and legal systems; and a well structured education of the professionels working in the field as well as sensitive media which helps awareness raising about child sexual abuse may be effective means of prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 159-64

  6. Gender, Religiosity, Sexual Activity, Sexual Knowledge, and Attitudes Toward Controversial Aspects of Sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sümer, Zeynep Hatipo?lu

    2014-02-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the role of gender, religiosity, sexual activity, and sexual knowledge in predicting attitudes toward controversial aspects of sexuality among Turkish university students. Participants were 162 female and 135 male undergraduate students who were recruited on a volunteer basis from an urban state university in Turkey. The SKAT-A Attitude Scale along with background information form, sexual activities inventory, and sexual knowledge scale were administered to the participants. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses revealed that religiosity, particularly attendance to religious services was the most significant predictor in explaining university students' attitudes toward masturbation, abortion, homosexuality, pornography, and sexual coercion. PMID:24510128

  7. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... CDC.gov . Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Share Compartir Prevention How You Can Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases This page includes information about STD prevention, testing, and resources. Get the Facts Arm yourself ...

  8. Sexual violence in the media

    OpenAIRE

    Judith Matloff

    2007-01-01

    Reporting on sexual violence is a challenge even for seasoned war journalists. How should correspondents, news editors and producers report the impact of sexual violence on individuals and communities without causing further distress or danger?

  9. Sexuality Attitudes of Black Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timberlake, Constance A.; Carpenter, Wayne D.

    1990-01-01

    Assessed sexuality attitudes of black middle-class sample (N=124) concerning communication regarding sexuality information, adolescent contraception, adolescent pregnancy, nonmarital intercourse, responsibility for contraception and pregnancy, abortion, pornography, and masturbation. Results suggest that participants were well-informed, moderate,…

  10. Talking Gender and Sexuality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2002-01-01

    This edited volume brings together scholars from psychology, linguistics, sociology and communication science to investigate how performative notions of gender and sexuality can be fruitfully explored with the rich set of tools that have been developed by conversation analysis and discursive psychology for analysing everyday practical language use, agency and identity in talk. Contributors re-examine the foundations of earlier research on gender in spoken interaction, critically appraise this research to see if and how it 'translates' successfully into the study of sexuality in talk, and promote innovative alternatives that integrate the insights of recent feminist and queer theory with qualitative studies of talk and conversation. Detailed empirical analyses of naturally occurring talk are used to uncover how gender and sexual identities, agencies and desires are contingently accomplished in conversational practices. Collectively, they pose the important question of what a critical theory of talk, gender andsexuality ought to look like if it is to be sensitive to a politics of conversation analysis.

  11. Associations between youth homelessness, sexual offenses, sexual victimization, and sexual risk behaviors: a systematic literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A

    2015-01-01

    Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128

  12. Alfie and the Sexual Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    W Frausing, Anne-sophie

    2013-01-01

    In 1966, while the sexual revolution was going on, the traditional relations to sexuality was being challenged by the public debate on the issues such as sexuality, abortion and gender roles. A new lifestyle of sexual liberation was depicted in the Bill Naughton film Alfie. The movie, starring Michael Caine, is directed by Lewis Gilbert and produced by Paramount Pictures. It was released in the UK in 1966, where it also takes place - more specifically in London. In the beginning of the 21...

  13. Sexual Hookup Culture: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Justin R.; Reiber, Chris; Massey, Sean G.; Merriwether, Ann M.

    2012-01-01

    “Hookups,” or uncommitted sexual encounters, are becoming progressively more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. Hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex, and penetrative intercourse. However, these encounters often transpire without any promise of, or desire for, a more traditional romantic relationship. A review of the literature suggests that these encounters...

  14. Sexual activity of Polish adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Pastwa-Wojciechowska

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportunity to express feelings of closeness and unity. Material and method. The research was conducted on a representative group of 3,200 Poles aged between 15–49, with the support of a well-known Polish research company – TNS OBOP. Face-to-face and Pencil and Paper (PAPI interviews were carried out. Results. The results focus on two main issues: the age and motives of sexual initiation among teenagers (with a significant percentage starting their sexual activity at the age of 15, and the quality of the sexual lives of adults (average number of sexual partners, sexual infidelity and sexual satisfaction. Conclusion. There is dependence between the type of relationship and the performance or non-performance of sexual activity, as well as the quality of the relationship. Among both adolescents and adults, remaining in a stable relationship (partnership or marriage promotes loyalty. The performance of sexual goals turns out to be an important mechanism regulating the interpersonal aspects of a relationship, influencing their perception and evaluation.

  15. [Sexual problems in dermatovenereology consultations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munteanu, M

    1991-01-01

    The objective causes of sexual impotency include chronic prostatitis arising from bacterial infection (1/3 of patients have sexual disturbances), congestive prostatitis (owing to sexual hyperstimulation treated with temporary blockage of testosterone), and hemorrhoids. Diabetes, advances tuberculosis, neurological and psychological diseases also negatively impact sexual potency as does alcoholism. The increase of dopamine and the decrease of serotonin stimulate, while the reverse of these reduce sexual activity. Endocrine medicines, drugs that affect the central nervous system, antihypertension drugs, anticoagulants, vincristine, cimetidine, and clofibrate generally lower the libido. Methods to be avoided because of a negative effect on sexual life include coitus interruptus. The intolerance of sensitivity to the sperm of the partner also complicates the sexual life of a couple. Sexual disorders without apparent cause include the lack of harmony, attention, and education about sexual matters. Other disorders can be caused by rape (only 25% of rapists are caught and punished), as 50% of female victims have psychological sequelae with a sexual tone; venereophobia; repulsive cutaneous symptoms; emotional taste; fear of inability to complete the sexual act; timidity or excessive shyness with anxiety about intimacy; and lack of emotional attraction to the partner. Eventually, the lack of a satisfactory sexual life has an effect on the integrity of conjugal life, as it is frequently the cause of divorce. PMID:1823415

  16. [Endocrinological diseases, metabolic diseases, sexuality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemaire, Antoine

    2014-10-01

    Sexuality is regularly evaluated in media surveys. Relations between sexual problems and some chronic pathologies as diabetes or metabolic syndrome have been brought to light. Androgen deficiency in the aging male has become a topic of increasing interest. Hormones play an important role in sexual function and relation between hormonal status and metabolic data are now well established. PMID:25239542

  17. Antipsychotics and Sexual Dysfunction: Sexual Dysfunction - Part III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Satisfying sexual experience is an essential part of a healthy and enjoyable life for most people. Antipsychotic drugs are among the various factors that affect optimal sexual functioning. Both conventional and novel antipsychotics are associated with significant sexual side effects. This review has presented various studies comparing different antipsychotic drugs. Dopamine antagonism, increased serum prolactin, serotonergic, adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms are all proposed to be the mechanisms for sexual dysfunction. Drug treatment for this has not given satisfactory long-term results. Knowledge of the receptor pharmacology of an individual antipsychotic will help to determine whether it is more or less likely to cause sexual side effects and its management.

  18. A entrevista de crianças com suspeita de abuso sexual / Interviewing alleged victims of child sexual abuse

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Roberto, Benia.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo revisar a literatura científica referente às melhores práticas na entrevista de investigação do abuso sexual infantil. Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura sobre as particularidades da memória e das habil [...] idades de comunicação da criança em situação de entrevista investigativa, bem como as diferentes técnicas que permitem aprimorar a qualidade dos relatos infantis e maximizar a quantidade de informações obtidas. Foram pesquisadas as seguintes bases de dados: MedLine, PsychInfo e SciELO, no período de 1995 a 2012, utilizando-se as palavras-chave "sexual abuse", "children", "interview", "investigative" e "forensic". Foram encontradas 196 referências, das quais 34 foram selecionadas para inclusão neste artigo. Foi encontrado grande número de evidências demonstrando a necessidade de procedimentos cuidadosos para avaliar as suspeitas de abuso sexual. Técnicas específicas são descritas, assim como são discutidas as dificuldades frequentemente encontradas pelos entrevistadores. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review to describe the best practice guidelines to evaluate sexual abuse interviews. A narrative literature review was carried out to establish the children's memory and communicative skills during an inve [...] stigative interview, as well as the interview techniques that improve the quality of children's reports and maximize the amount of information elicited. We used the following electronic on-line databases: MedLine, PsychInfo and SciELO, referring to the period 1995-2012. The keywords searched for in the databases were "sexual abuse", "children", "interview", "investigative", "forensic". A total of 196 references were identified and 34 were selected for this paper. We found a large amount of evidence that recommends careful procedures when evaluating child sexual abuse. We describe the specific techniques and discuss the most common difficulties interviewers face during interviews.

  19. EVALUACIÓN DE LA FUNCIÓN SEXUAL EN MUJERES SOMETIDAS A HISTERECTOMÍA TOTAL Y SUPRACERVICAL POR VÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Martínez R

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independientes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109. No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica.Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical procedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109. By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy.

  20. EVALUACIÓN DE LA FUNCIÓN SEXUAL EN MUJERES SOMETIDAS A HISTERECTOMÍA TOTAL Y SUPRACERVICAL POR VÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mario, Martínez R; Hugo, Bustos L; Rodrigo, Ayala Y; Lionel, Leroy L; Francisco, Morales C; Alejandra, Watty M; Carlos, Briones L.

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independie [...] ntes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109). No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica. Abstract in english Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical p [...] rocedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109). By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy).

  1. Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rutkowski, Krzysztof

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas.Method. The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO„0” Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disordersResults. In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education. Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms – ‘non-sexual’, such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances.Conclusions. The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.

  2. Satisfação sexual na demência Sexual satisfaction in dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Moreira Lima Nogueira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI, PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação sexual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges.BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, PubMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" and "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

  3. Satisfação sexual na demência / Sexual satisfaction in dementia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcela Moreira Lima, Nogueira; Denise, Brasil; Maria Fernanda Barroso de, Sousa; Raquel Luiza, Santos; Marcia Cristina Nascimento, Dourado.

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI [...] , PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação sexual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional) do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, Pu [...] bMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" and "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional) of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

  4. Sexually Transmitted Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you want to be tested for STIs, including HPV, you must ask. You can get tested for STIs at your doctor’s office or a clinic. But not all doctors offer the same tests. So it’s important to discuss your sexual health history to find out what tests you need and ...

  5. Sexuality After Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on choosing a partner or having children, a diagnosis of breast cancer can be especially difficult. Sexual impact of surgery ... Relationship issues are also important because the cancer diagnosis can be ... But breast cancer can be a growth experience for couples – especially ...

  6. Sexuality in Later Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... relationship can also affect your ability to enjoy sex. Arthritis. Joint pain due to arthritis can make sexual contact uncomfortable. ... understand the changes you both are facing. Try different positions and new times, like having sex in the morning when you both may be ...

  7. Sexual minorities seeking services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Tracey L; Emanuel, Kristen; Bradford, Judith

    2003-01-01

    SUMMARY Understanding the mental health needs of lesbian and bisexual (sexual minority) women is an integral part of designing and providing appropriate mental health services and treatment for them. In an effort to understand the mental health needs of sexual minority women who seek community treatment, a chart review was conducted of the 223 lesbian and bisexual women who presented for services between July 1, 1997 and December 31, 2000 at Fenway Community Health in Boston, MA. Data are based on clients' self-reports and clinician assessments of clients' presenting problem, relevant developmental history, prior mental health and substance abuse treatment, current reports of emotional/psychological symptoms, and areas of impaired functioning. Although substance abuse and suicidal ideation were commonly reported problems, other concerns were more frequently reported. High percentages of lesbians and bisexual women reported relationship concerns and lack of adequate social networks; rates of depression and anxiety based on clinicians' assessments were also high. Overall, lesbians and bisexual women did not differ in the issues they brought to treatment or level or types of impairment. Compared with previous community survey samples, however, study participants appeared to be healthier than general, non-clinical samples of self-identified lesbians, possibly reflecting the special characteristics of sexual minority women who seek treatment in specialized community sites such as the Fenway. Although patients who come to these sites may not represent the more general population of sexual minority women, community health centers known to serve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals may be fruitful access points for studying the mental health status and treatment needs of sexual minority women. PMID:24815719

  8. Sexual compatibility in medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from different origins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of the Sterile Insect Technique to control and/or eradicate insect pest populations has been extensively applied to medfly. However, patented differences in sexual compatibility between populations or strains from different origins has been a serious concern to a wider use of sterile flies, and in particular sterile males of genetic sexing strains (GSS). In the present experiments, the sexual compatibility and mating performance of flies from 9 countries representing 5 continents and 4 GSS were measured. It is demonstrated that, from a qualitative standpoint, wild medfly populations world-wide have not yet evolved specific sexual behaviors indicative of incipient pre-mating isolation mechanisms under local natural selection. Wild medfly populations are as sexually compatible with GSS as they are with other wild populations. On that basis, the same mass reared strain can now be used worldwide, as long as it fulfills the standard quality control requirements. (author)

  9. Sexual behavior and its pheromonal regulation in ascosporogenous yeasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, K; Hisatomi, T; Yanagishima, N

    1989-01-01

    We reviewed our investigations on sexual behaviors and interactions including sexual cell agglutination and pheromone action mainly in non-conventional yeasts, Hansenula anomala, H. wingei, Pichia amethionina, P. heedi, P. opuntiae, Saccharomyces kluyveri, S. globsus, S. exiguus, Saccharomycodes ludwigii. The techniques and genetic models including the cassette model and alpha 1-alpha 2 hypothesis which had been developed largely in S. cerevisiae were applicable to these yeasts in principle. The sexual agglutination was distinctly species-specific while sex pheromones were cross-reactive beyond species' barriers. The successful induction of heterothallic strains from homothallic strains in S. exiguus by mutagenesis enabled to the subsequent biochemical and genetical analysis of sexual behavior in the yeast. The phylogenetic consideration on sex differentiation is also included. PMID:2651648

  10. High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodworth, Michael; Freimuth, Tabatha; Hutton, Erin L; Carpenter, Tara; Agar, Ava D; Logan, Matt

    2013-01-01

    High-risk sexual offenders are a complex and heterogeneous group of offenders about whom researchers, clinicians, and law enforcement agencies still know relatively little. In response to the paucity of information that is specifically applicable to high-risk offenders, the present study investigated the potential influence of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, and psychopathy on the offending behaviour of 139 of the highest risk sexual offenders in one province of Canada. The sample included 41 child molesters, 42 rapists, 18 rapist/molesters, 30 mixed offenders, and 6 "other" sexual offenders. Two offenders could not be categorized by type due to insufficient file information. Data analyses revealed significant differences between offender types for a number of criminal history variables including past sexual and nonsexual convictions, number of victims, weapon use, and age of offending onset. Further, there were significant differences between offender types for sexual fantasy themes, paraphilia diagnoses, and levels of psychopathy. For example, results revealed that offenders' sexual fantasies were significantly more likely to correspond with the specific type of index sexual offence that they had committed. Further, offenders scoring high in psychopathy were significantly more likely to have a sadistic paraphilia than offenders with either low or moderate psychopathy scores. Results from the current study provide a refined and informed understanding of sexual offending behaviour with important implications for future research, assessment, and treatment, as well as law enforcement practices when working with high-risk sexual offenders. PMID:23395507

  11. Online Child Sexual Abuse: The French Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Chawki

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Online child sexual abuse is an increasingly visible problem in society today. The introduction, growth and utilization of information and telecommunication technologies (ICTs have been accompanied by an increase in illegal activities. With respect to cyberspace the Internet is an attractive environment to sex offenders. In addition to giving them greater access to minors, extending their reach from a limited geographical area to victims all around the world, it allows criminals to alter or conceal their identities. Sexual predators, stalkers, child pornographers and child traffickers can use various concealment techniques to make it more difficult for investigators to identify them and find evidence. Others physically hide removable media and incriminating evidence in rented storage space, impeding an investigator’s job to find the truth. France has given the protection of children from sexual exploitation and abuse a high priority. Traditional laws have been amended to address the challenges of information technology, violence and to bring at the same time the country into line with international conventions on the rights of children. Accordingly this current article will analyze some of the techniques used by offenders to abuse children online, including recent legal and administrative developments in France concerning online children protection.

  12. "I Keep That Hush-Hush": Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse and the Challenges of Disclosure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorsoli, Lynn; Kia-Keating, Maryam; Grossman, Frances K.

    2008-01-01

    Disclosure is a prominent variable in child sexual abuse research, but little research has examined male disclosure experiences. Sixteen male survivors of childhood sexual abuse were interviewed regarding experiences of disclosure. Analytic techniques included a grounded theory approach to coding and the use of conceptually clustered matrices.…

  13. Intralocus sexual conflict for fitness: sexually antagonistic alleles for testosterone

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, Suzanne C.; Koskela, Esa; Mappes, Tapio

    2011-01-01

    Intralocus sexual conflict occurs when a trait encoded by the same genetic locus in the two sexes has different optima in males and females. Such conflict is widespread across taxa, however, the shared phenotypic traits that mediate the conflict are largely unknown. We examined whether the sex hormone, testosterone (T), that controls sexual differentiation, contributes to sexually antagonistic fitness variation in the bank vole, Myodes glareolus. We compared (opposite-sex) sibling reproductiv...

  14. [Some legal issues on sexual delinquency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romi, Juan C

    2009-01-01

    In this article we describe the criminal sexual conducts and their incidence in crime, as well as the psychogenesis of the criminal sexual behaviour, the profile of the sexual delinquent and the most common sexual disturbances found. It shall be mentioned the paraphilic crime, the serial sexual delinquent and their legal consequences. PMID:19434300

  15. Sexual Behavior in Adults with Autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Bourgondien, Mary E.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    A survey of the sexual behavior of 89 adults with autism living in group homes found that the majority of individuals were engaging in some form of sexual behavior. Masturbation was the most common sexual behavior; however, person-oriented sexual behaviors with obvious signs of arousal were also found. Information regarding group home sexuality

  16. Female sexual dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Swati; Thakar, Ranee

    2010-12-01

    In recent years female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is increasingly being recognised. It has a detrimental effect on a woman's quality of life and includes a range of disorders, and therefore adequate screening and diagnosis of patients are necessary before appropriate treatment can be commenced. As the etiology of FSD is often multi-factorial, arising from a multitude of organic pathologies in addition to having an underlying psychological basis, the treatment is often multidisciplinary. An understanding of the etiopathogenesis is therefore imperative to management. In the past 20 years major changes have occurred in our understanding, conceptualization and treatment of sexual dysfunction. In this article we look at the prevalence, classification, etiology and management of FSD. PMID:20678854

  17. Mental disability and sexuality

    OpenAIRE

    Veglia, Fabio

    2004-01-01

    In this chapter, a theoretical model and a method of intervention, which enable to orientate in the extremely unique field of the applications of sexology to handicap psychology and education, will be briefly explained. Any sexual and affective behaviour can be subject to the interference of disabilities thus resulting, at least partially, non adaptive. The main deficits affect cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective, interpersonal and, occasionally, motory skills.

  18. Treatment of sexually compulsive adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, James

    2008-12-01

    We clarified the nature of sexual compulsivity in adolescence, addressed who is labeled as "sexually compulsive youth," conceptualized the underlying factors of sexual compulsivity, and outlined a treatment format. We focused on trauma, dissociation, attachment, and self-concept. We questioned the conventional perceptions of who is included in this group. We reiterated that the belief that sexually compulsive adolescents are abusive males is no longer considered accurate. The evolution and accessibility of the Internet only raises greater concerns about compulsive sexual behavior, as more adolescents are brought into therapy because of Internet use to seek sexual interaction or stimulation. The sexually compulsive youth is as likely to be the clean-cut, high-achieving, intelligent student as is the economically deprived, juvenile delinquent on the street. This article began with the observation that adolescents rarely receive any direct, accurate information about sexuality and intimacy. The messages taken in through music, television, movies, politicians, popular press, clergy, and school are polarizing and contradictory. Beyond this are the implications as to how we, as a society, treat the youths that do present with sexual behavior problems. We have tended to treat these youth (as well as adults) with disdain and to designate sexually abusive youth the same as adult offenders with harsher, more punitive treatment interventions. Research and clinical experience now strongly question this type of response. This article is consistent with this leaning. Early psychological injury, from sexual abuse, physical abuse, exposure to violence, attachment trauma, or early sexualization, is at the root of sexually compulsive behavior. While it is necessary to reign in out-of-control and destructive behaviors, if we acknowledge that the source of the behavior is psychological injury, then it is cruel and inconsistent to treat the individual with disdain or as a pariah. The same dilemma is present with adult sexual addicts and offenders. Our society must develop a response to sexually compulsive or offensive behavior that can protect those who need protection, while implementing a rational legal response and providing treatment options for the underlying injury. Perhaps even more importantly, our society must learn how to educate adolescents about sexuality with clear, accurate information that includes not only reproduction but sexual response and intimacy as well. PMID:18996305

  19. Sexual behaviour in cattle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Short duration or weak expression of oestrus are frequently cited as major reasons for poor results when artificial insemination of Bos indicus breeds is attempted. The existing literature on sexual behaviour certainly indicates that oestrus sometimes lasts for only a few hours in Bos indicus, but similar patterns are also reported in Bos taurus animals. The period of sexual receptivity in suckled Hereford or Hereford-dairy cross-breds maintained in small, totally confined groups ranged from 1 to 18 h, with a mean of 4.4 h and a median of 3.5 h. In totally confined Holstein cows the onset of the LH surge always followed the beginning of homosexual activity by 1 or 2 h even when the period of receptivity was very short. Thus, the beginning rather than the end of oestrus should be used for estimating ovulation time. The expression of sexual behaviour is modified by many factors, including environmental conditions, the number of peri-oestrous females in the group and the presence of observers. In Hereford beef, Holstein dairy and probably all other cattle breeds, the variability in duration and intensity of oestrous activity is very large, so generalizations on a typical individual behavioural pattern are not possible. (author). 39 refs, 1 fig., 2 tabs

  20. Sexual victimization, alcohol intoxication, sexual-emotional responding, and sexual risk in heavy episodic drinking women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, William H; Davis, Kelly Cue; Masters, N Tatiana; Jacques-Tiura, Angela J; Heiman, Julia R; Norris, Jeanette; Gilmore, Amanda K; Nguyen, Hong V; Kajumulo, Kelly F; Otto, Jacqueline M; Andrasik, Michele P

    2014-05-01

    This study used an experimental paradigm to investigate the roles of sexual victimization history and alcohol intoxication in young women's sexual-emotional responding and sexual risk taking. A nonclinical community sample of 436 young women, with both an instance of heavy episodic drinking and some HIV/STI risk exposure in the past year, completed childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent/adult sexual assault (ASA) measures. A majority of them reported CSA and/or ASA, including rape and attempted rape. After random assignment to a high alcohol dose (.10 %) or control condition, participants read and projected themselves into an eroticized scenario of a sexual encounter involving a new partner. As the story protagonist, each participant rated her positive mood and her sexual arousal, sensation, and desire, and then indicated her likelihood of engaging in unprotected sex. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that ASA and alcohol were directly associated with heightened risk taking, and alcohol's effects were partially mediated by positive mood and sexual desire. ASA was associated with attenuated sexual-emotional responding and resulted in diminished risk taking via this suppression. These are the first findings indicating that, compared to non-victimized counterparts, sexually victimized women respond differently in alcohol-involved sexual encounters in terms of sexual-emotional responding and risk-taking intentions. Implications include assessing victimization history and drinking among women seeking treatment for either concern, particularly women at risk for HIV, and alerting them to ways their histories and behavior may combine to exacerbate their sexual risks. PMID:23857517

  1. Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jorge Luis, Sell Lluveras; Rubén Salvador, Padrón Durán; Caridad Teresita, García Álvarez; Franz, Torres Barbosa.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP). Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible rela [...] ción con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI) o no (CNI) de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T) y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs). En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinante Abstract in english The sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction h [...] ormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is impo

  2. IMAGEN CORPORAL Y SATISFACCIÓN SEXUAL

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jessica, Paredes; Bismarck, Pinto.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio establece la relación entre la imagen corporal y la satisfacción sexual en mujeres entre los 18 y 21 años de la Universidad Católica Boliviana “San Pablo”. También pretende determinar la proporción de mujeres que tienen relaciones sexuales y las que no tienen, la satisfacción e i [...] nsatisfacción con la imagen corporal, la satisfacción e insatisfacción sexual y la relación que existe entre la insatisfacción con la imagen corporal y cada uno de los factores de satisfacción sexual. Se aplicó dos instrumentos: Body Shape Questionnarie (Cooper, Fairburn, Cooper y Taylor, 1987) y el Inventario de Satisfacción sexual (Faliu y Güell, 1992). Se ha determinado una relación inversa significativa entre las variables de estudio lo que revela que mientras más satisfecho esta uno con su cuerpo más disfruta sus relaciones sexuales. Así también se encontró una relación inversa significativa con respecto a la insatisfacción con la imagen corporal y cada uno de los factores de satisfacción sexual, lo que quiere decir que mientras más satisfecho esta uno con su cuerpo más disfruta sus relaciones sexuales en función a uno mismo, a la pareja y a la duración y frecuencia de las relaciones sexuales.

  3. [Sexual orientation in the school environment: fact or eagerness?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, Sandra Aparecida; Nogueira, Jordana de Almeida; Silva, Antonia Oliveira; Torres, Gilson Vasconcelos

    2011-03-01

    This qualitative research aims to analyze how sexual orientation has been incorporated into pedagogic practices through the point of view of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching. Twenty three educators from Cajazeiras, Paralba, Brazil participated in the study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment though they demand that a level of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be encouraged providing the educators with a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits of prevention and hygienisation, incorporating extensive, inclusive and reflective methodologies, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship. PMID:21888210

  4. Beyond Anatomical Dolls: Professionals' Use of Other Play Therapy Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall-Tackett, Kathleen A.

    1992-01-01

    Telephone interviews were conducted with 201 Boston-area professionals who work with child victims of sexual abuse. Questions concerned use of anatomical dolls and other techniques and behavioral indicators of sexual abuse. Results indicated that mental health professionals used significantly more techniques than did law enforcement professionals.…

  5. The Sexual Behaviour of Secondary School Adolescent Students in Tanzania: Patterns and Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madan Mohan Laddunuri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A surge of sexual interest occurs around puberty and continues through adolescence. Heightened adolescent sexuality may be caused by a number of factors, including bodily changes, sexual hormones, social forces, and rehearsal for adult gender roles. The main objective of the present study is to understand the patterns and trends of adolescent students’ sexual behaviour in Tanzania.Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted and 550 secondary school students (13 to 19 years old were recruited by using a multistage random sampling technique from Tanzania’s secondary schools. The data collection tool was a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed by using SPSS software package version 16.Results: More than one third (40.2% of the participant students had experienced intercourse with mean age 17.2±1.8 years and one sixth (17.6% of the participants had multiple sexual partners. The mean age for hugging, kissing and breast fondling was significantly younger when compared to the sexual intercourse. Most (78.5% of the students had used contraceptives but the frequency of contraception was less than half (48.6% “always”. The main reasons beyond sexual debut were “just for fun” (37% and “peer pressure” (27.6%. A male student was 1.46 times more likely to have had intercourse than a female. Parental education was the most significant association with sexual debut of adolescents and the odds ratio indicates that sexual intercourse among students is decreasing with the increasing of parental education.Conclusion: A relatively high sexual intercourse has been recorded and risky sexual behaviour also existed among the respondents. Hence, there is a need to promote specific intervention programmes built upon those factors which are associated with an increased likelihood for early sexual debut and risky sexual behaviour.

  6. Sexual cannibalism as a manifestation of sexual conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Jutta M

    2014-11-01

    Sexual cannibalism is a well-known example for sexual conflict and has many facets that determine the costs and benefits for the cannibal and the victim. Here, I focus on species in which sexual cannibalism is a general component of a mating system in which males invest maximally in mating with a single (monogyny) or two (bigyny) females. Sexual cannibalism can be a male strategy to maximize paternity and a female strategy to prevent paternity monopolization by any or a particular male. Considerable variation exists between species (1) in the potential of males to monopolize females, and (2) in the success of females in preventing monopolization by males. This opens up exciting future possibilities to investigate sexually antagonistic coevolution in a largely unstudied mating system. PMID:25213095

  7. RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL / SEXUAL RISK IN ADOLESCENTS DEPENDING ON THE AGE OF SEXUAL DEBUT / RISCO SEXUAL EM ADOLESCENTES DE ACORDO COM A IDADE DE DEBUTE SEXUAL

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JOSÉ P., ESPADA; ALEXANDRA, MORALES; MIREIA, ORGILÉS.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Na Espanha os jovens debutam sexualmente antes que em outros países; porém pouco se sabe com respeito à relação entre idade de debute sexual e o comportamento sexual nesta população. Analisam-se as práticas sexuais e o uso do preservativo segundo a idade de debute sexual em adolescentes espanhóis se [...] xualmente experimentados (N = 351); a idade média foi 15.9 anos (DT = .75, faixa: 14-18). Estabeleceram-se três grupos a partir da idade de debute sexual informada: debute sexual precoce (anterior aos 15 anos), média (15 anos) e tardio (posterior aos 15 anos). O grupo com debute sexual precoce praticou em maior medida masturbação mútua, coito vaginal e sexo oral, com um número de parceiros sexuais superior ao resto. O uso do preservativo na primeira relação sexual, a porcentagem de uso e o uso consistente do preservativo foi inferior no grupo de debute sexual precoce com respeito aos outros dois. O debute sexual anterior aos 15 anos foi associado com maior risco de contrair infecções sexuais por déficit no uso do preservativo e maior exposição sexual. Os descobrimentos deste estudo sugerem que a idade de debute sexual tem implicações na saúde sexual dos jovens. Abstract in spanish En España los jóvenes debutan sexualmente antes que en otros países; sin embargo, poco se sabe de la relación entre la edad de debut sexual y el comportamiento sexual en esta población. Se analizan las prácticas sexuales y el uso del preservativo según la edad de debut sexual en adolescentes español [...] es sexualmente experimentados (N = 351); la edad media fue 15.9 años (DT = .75, rango: 14-18). Se establecieron tres grupos a partir de la edad de debut sexual informada: debut sexual temprano (anterior a los 15 años), promedio (15 años) y tardío (posterior a los 15 años). El grupo con debut sexual temprano practicó en mayor medida masturbación mutua, coito vaginal y sexo oral, con un número de parejas sexuales superior al resto. El uso del preservativo en la primera relación sexual, el porcentaje de uso y el uso consistente del preservativo fue inferior en el grupo debut sexual temprano respecto a los otros dos. El debut sexual anterior a los 15 años se asoció con mayor riesgo de contraer infecciones sexuales por déficit en el uso del preservativo y mayor exposición sexual. Los hallazgos de este estudio sugieren que la edad de debut sexual tiene implicaciones en la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Abstract in english In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sex [...] ual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351). The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18). Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years), average (15 years) and late (later than 15 years). The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

  8. Sexual Discordance and Sexual Partnering Among Heterosexual Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nield, Jennifer; Magnusson, Brianna; Brooks, Christopher; Chapman, Derek; Lapane, Kate L

    2014-04-10

    This study examined characteristics of self-identified heterosexual women who were concordant or discordant in their sexual behavior and the association of discordance and sexual partnering among those aged 15-44 years from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (n = 7,353). Sexual concordance was defined as reporting a heterosexual identity and no female partners in the past year; discordance was reporting a heterosexual identity and having at least one female partner in the past year. Sexual partnering was defined as being concurrent, serially monogamous or monogamous with a male partner in the previous year. Polytomous logistic regression models evaluated the association between sexual discordance and sexual partnering. Among self-identified heterosexual, sexually active women, 11.2 % reported ever having had a same sex partner. Heterosexually discordant women who had both male and female partners in the previous year were 5.5 times as likely to report having a concurrent relationship (95 % CI 2.77-11.09) and 2.4 times as likely to report engaging in serially monogamous relationships (95 % CI 1.19-4.97) with male partners. Discordance between heterosexual identity and same sex behavior is a factor in risky behaviors. Women who have sex with women and men may act as bridges for the transmission of STDs, particularly to their female partners. Sexual education should include information inclusive of non-heteronormative behaviors and identities to provide sexual minorities with the tools and information they need. Clinical guidelines should ensure that all women are offered counseling and screening for reproductive and sexual health. PMID:24718674

  9. Child sexual abuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Child sexual abuse with significant impact on victim's physical, mental and social health has now been recognized as existing on an appreciable scale worldwide. Diversity of opinions exist about the concept, types, prevalence and repercussions along with a paucity of systematic and scientific work in the developing world including Pakistan. Objective: This paper aims at reviewing the literature for clarification of concept, update of estimates and correlates, and to identify lines for future research. Data sources: The literature was search through BMJ-Medline for international data, supplemented by local data through CPSP-MEDLIP service. The search term child sexual abuse with associated sub-heads were used. No constraint of time period, publication type or source applied except english Language version Comparative findings: Wide variations identified in conceptual boundaries with consequent impact on prevalence estimates. Agreement found for its existence as an international problem with rates ranging from 7% - 36% for women and 3% - 29% for men. Female abused 1.5-3 times more than male with exponential high rates in age group 3-6 years and 8-11 years. In 2/3 cases the perpetrator identified belonged to nuclear or extended family. Significant association exists with early onset of psychiatric ailments like substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, dissociative disorders and depression. Conclusion and Suggestion: The need for extensive resand Suggestion: The need for extensive research studies in immense in developing countries like Pakistan where environmental circumstances suggest its presence at rates higher than the identified elsewhere. In addition to facilitate awareness and perhaps to clarify the concept as well as the prevalence of child sexual abuse researchers need to select methodologies and instruments with international comparison in mind. (author)

  10. Sexual Revictimization Revisited: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gidycz, Christine A.

    2011-01-01

    Since the early 1990s, there has been an increase in scholarly work and theoretical writing on the topic of sexual revictimization--particularly of women. The foundation for this work was set earlier when it was noted that rape and sexual assault were traumatic, more widespread than anyone could ever imagine, and many adult rape victims had…

  11. Do sexual e do coletivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mair Barros Rauter

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of contemporary sexuality and subjectivity production, from a point of view that links sexuality to collectiveness and to the political processes that obstacle its expression. This perspective has psychopathological and political consequences, affecting also the capacity of producing social change in contemporary society

  12. Sexual behavior, genes, and evolution in Xiphophorus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Gil G; García de León, Francisco J

    2006-01-01

    A century of research into both behavior and genetics in Xiphophorus has yielded important insights into the genetic architecture underlying sexual behavior, particularly as concerns male courtship and mating strategies. Two Y-linked loci underlie much of the variation in male mating strategies, possibly reflecting selection for modularization. Courtship behavior elements, in contrast, are under polygenic control. Little is known about the genetics of female mating preferences, yet behavioral evidence suggests that female preference complexes typically do not map on to suites of male traits. Natural hybrid zones in Xiphophorus present an ideal system for studying the evolutionary genetics of male traits and female preferences using contemporary molecular techniques. PMID:18248248

  13. Standards of Care for Juvenile Sexual Offenders of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Miner

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Minimal standards for treatment of adult sexual offenders were adopted by the membership of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders (IATSO at its first membership General Assembly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in May 2000 (Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Eher, et al., 2000; 2003. These standards, initially developed in 1990 with input from attendees at the Second International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (Coleman & Dwyer, 1990; Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Hindman, et al. 1996, were refined by a committee of professionals at the Fifth International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment (Coleman et al., 2000.With these standards in place, the Governing Board of IATSO designated a committee in summer 2004 to develop similar standards for treatment of Juvenile Sexual Offenders. This committee consisted of representatives from a number of countries with differing traditions of sexual offender treatment and juvenile justice, including Austria, Germany, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Developing standards of care for juvenile populations can be a challenging endeavor. Adolescence is a time of rapid change, and thus, there is great heterogeneity in those youths who commit acts that can be defined as sexual offenses. These differences are influenced by the developmental stage of the youth, which may roughly parallel age, and multiple environmental factors. Additionally, studies conducted outside North America find higher base rates of re-offense than those within North America (e.g. Nisbet, Wilson, & Smallbone, 2004; Langstrom & Grann, 2000. This is likely the case because definitions of who is a juvenile offender, what behaviors are sexual crimes, and how the juvenile justice system is organized can differ substantially across countries. These Standards of Care, which were adopted by the membership at the General Assembly of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders in Hamburg, Germany, September 7, 2006, are designed to be minimal guidelines for those developing and implementing treatment interventions for Juvenile Sexual Offenders. These Standards are based on the current state of knowledge on adolescents who commit sexual offences. Most of the available data are from adolescent males and the state of science in this field is still evolving. Thus, the Committee avoided making specific recommendations about particular procedures, techniques, or instrumentation.

  14. Sexually transmitted proctitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sidney Roberto, Nadal; Carmen Ruth, Manzione.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é post [...] ergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common et [...] iologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.

  15. Sexually transmitted proctitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Roberto Nadal

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common etiologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é postergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento.

  16. An Examination of Gender Role Identity, Sexual Self-Esteem, Sexual Coercion and Sexual Victimization in a University Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Theresa C.; Erickson, Chris D.

    2007-01-01

    The relationship between gender role identity, sexual self-esteem and sexual coercion was examined through a questionnaire. Participants were 84 undergraduate students from a university in Washington, DC. Contrary to what has been found in the literature, there were weak relationships between sexual coercion and masculinity, and sexual coercion…

  17. Sexual Dimorphism in Sturnira lilium (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae): Can Pregnancy and Pup Carrying Be Responsible for Differences in Wing Shape?

    OpenAIRE

    Camargo, Ni?cholas F.; Oliveira, Hernani F. M.

    2012-01-01

    Competition is one of the most cited mechanisms to explain secondary sexual dimorphism in animals. Nonetheless, it has been proposed that sexual dimorphism in bat wings is also a result of adaptive pressures to compensate additional weight caused by fetus or pup carrying during the reproductive period of females. The main objective of this study is to verify the existence of sexual dimorphism in Sturnira lilium wings. We employed geometric morphometrics techniques using anatomical landmarks s...

  18. Relationship between sexual compulsivity and sexual risk behaviors among chinese sexually active males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Wei; Lau, Joseph T F; Tsui, Hi Yi; Gu, Jing; Wang, Zixin

    2015-04-01

    Compulsivity is defined as "an insistent, repetitive, intrusive, and unwanted urge to perform specific acts often in ritualized or routinized fashions." Sexual compulsivity has been shown to be associated with some high risk sexual behaviors related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI). In some Western countries, the 10-item Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) has been developed to assess people's sexual compulsivity but no Chinese version has been validated. This study validated the Chinese version of the SCS and investigated its associations with specific sexual behaviors. In 2008, a random telephone survey was conducted in the sexually active male general population in Hong Kong, interviewing 1,048 participants. The Chinese version of the SCS was found to be internally consistent (Cronbach's ? = 0.88 for the overall scale), with a mean total score of 20.7 (SD = 4.7). An exploratory factor analysis procedure extracted two factors that were named Controllability and Functional Consequences. Higher SCS scores were associated with multiple female sexual partnerships in the last 6 months, having had sex with either non-regular partner(s) or female sex worker(s) in the last 6 months, having contracted STI in the last 6 months, and inconsistent condom use with either non-regular partner(s) or female sex worker(s) in the last 6 months. The scale can be used to assess sexual compulsivity among sexually active Chinese men in Hong Kong. It can potentially be used in other Chinese communities. Further confirmatory studies are warranted. PMID:25030121

  19. Differences between Sexually Victimized and Nonsexually Victimized Male Adolescent Sexual Abusers: Developmental Antecedents and Behavioral Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, David L.; Duty, Kerry Jo; Leibowitz, George S.

    2011-01-01

    This study compares sexually victimized and nonsexually victimized male adolescent sexual abusers on a number of variables. Self-report measures were administered to 325 male sexually abusive youth (average age 16) in six residential facilities in the Midwest, 55% of whom reported sexual victimization. The results indicate that the sexually

  20. Late positive potential to explicit sexual images associated with the number of sexual intercourse partners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prause, Nicole; Steele, Vaughn R; Staley, Cameron; Sabatinelli, Dean

    2015-01-01

    Risky sexual behaviors typically occur when a person is sexually motivated by potent, sexual reward cues. Yet, individual differences in sensitivity to sexual cues have not been examined with respect to sexual risk behaviors. A greater responsiveness to sexual cues might provide greater motivation for a person to act sexually; a lower responsiveness to sexual cues might lead a person to seek more intense, novel, possibly risky, sexual acts. In this study, event-related potentials were recorded in 64 men and women while they viewed a series of emotional, including explicit sexual, photographs. The motivational salience of the sexual cues was varied by including more and less explicit sexual images. Indeed, the more explicit sexual stimuli resulted in enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) relative to the less explicit sexual images. Participants with fewer sexual intercourse partners in the last year had reduced LPP amplitude to the less explicit sexual images than the more explicit sexual images, whereas participants with more partners responded similarly to the more and less explicit sexual images. This pattern of results is consistent with a greater responsivity model. Those who engage in more sexual behaviors consistent with risk are also more responsive to less explicit sexual cues. PMID:24526189

  1. Comparing Indicators of Sexual Sadism as Predictors of Recidivism among Adult Male Sexual Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingston, Drew A.; Seto, Michael C.; Firestone, Philip; Bradford, John M.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: In this longitudinal study, the predictive validity of a psychiatric diagnosis of sexual sadism was compared with three behavioral indicators of sadism: index sexual offense violence, sexual intrusiveness, and phallometrically assessed sexual arousal to depictions of sexual or nonsexual violence. Method: Five hundred and eighty six…

  2. Sexual Fantasies, Gender, and Molestation History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briere, John; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A total of 314 university students completed a questionnaire examining reports of childhood sexual abuse history and extent and type of adult sexual fantasies. Multivariate main effects of gender and abuse history were found, as well as a multivariate interaction between these variables. Sexually abused subjects had more sexual fantasies in four…

  3. Sexually transmitted parasitic diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, G I

    1991-03-01

    Sexual activity is the primary method of transmission for several important parasitic diseases and has resulted in a significant prevalence of enteric parasitic infection among male homosexuals. The majority of parasitic sexually transmitted diseases involve protozoan pathogens; however, nematode and arthropod illnesses are also included in this group. Trichomoniasis, caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, is the most common parasitic STD. Infection with this organism typically results in the signs and symptoms of vaginitis. Trichomoniasis can be diagnosed in the office setting by performing a microscopic evaluation of infected vaginal secretions and can be successfully treated with metronidazole. Both pediculosis pubis, caused by the crab louse Pthirus pubis, and scabies, caused by the itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei, present with severe pruritus. A papular or vesicular rash and linear burrows seen in the finger webs and genital area are characteristic of scabies. Pediculosis pubis is diagnosed by observing adult lice or their nits in areas that bear coarse hair. The diagnosis of scabies is confirmed by scraping suspicious burrows and viewing the mite or its byproducts under the microscope. Lindane, 1% used in treating scabies, is also very effective for treating pediculosis pubis. Synthetic pyrethrins, also applied as a cream or lotion, are less toxic alternatives for the treatment of either condition. Oral-anal and oral-genital sexual practices predispose male homosexuals to infection with many enteric pathogens, including parasitic protozoans and helminths. The most common of these parasitic infections are amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica, and giardiasis caused by Giardia lamblia. Both entities may cause acute or chronic diarrhea, as well as other abdominal symptoms. Most gay men with amebiasis are asymptomatic, and invasive disease in this group is extremely rare. Both amebiasis and giardiasis can be diagnosed on the basis of microscopic examination of stool specimens, although duodenal aspiration is occasionally necessary to confirm a diagnosis of giardiasis. Multiple treatment regimens exist for amebiasis. Iodoquinol is a good choice for asymptomatic cyst carriers, whereas the combination of metronidazole plus iodoquinol is used for symptomatic patients. Quinacrine and metronidazole are both efficacious in the treatment of giardiasis. PMID:2011632

  4. Promoting effective decision-making in sexually active adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauer, K M

    1983-06-01

    Adolescents have several reasons for wanting to be sexually active: to promote self esteem; to have someone to care about them and to care about someone else; to experiment; to accommodate peer pressure; to feel grown up; to touch someone and to be touched; to feel good; and to get even. Sorenson's National Survey on adolescent sexuality indicated that to love and be loved is a very powerful motivation behind the sexual behavior of adolescents and that a one to one relationship is preferred over having a variety of partners. Sexually active or not, all adolescents experience changes in their bodies, relationships, and sexual feelings and are concerned about whether their development is normal and whether it fits into what is acceptable by their peers. Thus, it is important to develop a comprehensive program for adolescents that takes into account all aspects of their development: cognitive; emotional; psychosocial; and sexual concerns. It is only through an awareness of adolescent sexual development that the health professional, educator, and parent can best help the adolescent to deal with sexuality. The health professional who is knowledgeable about the cognitive, emotional, and social domain of the adolescent will be better able to individualize counseling regarding sexual concerns. Although the basic strategies of using values clarification and decision making skills in the counseling process remains unchanged from adolescent to adolescents, the approach to the individual or group differs depending on the stage of development. The model of value clarification attempts to help adolescents understand what they believe in. The decision making model can be effective in helping the adolescent learn to make a choice about birth control, sexuality, and contraception rather than simply providing information about what to choose. The counselor can help the adolescent come to an understanding of his/her beliefs and based on that make decisions about behaviors that are congruent with those beliefs. Rather than delineating each of the phases of the decision making process, it is better to help the adolescent apply the process to everyday situations that dictate a decision. Due to the fact that younger adolescents may be more concrete in their thinking and more uncomfortable sharing ideas, the buddy system can be invaluable. The counseling of the individual adolescent uses principles and techniques similar to that of the buddy system. Exercises that can be adapted to use in counseling individual adolescents or buddies are presented. PMID:12265528

  5. Abuso sexual : tratamientos y atención

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Roberto Vallejo Samudio

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Treatments and attentionSexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of sexual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence. 

  6. The age of sexual consent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourany, R F; Hill, R Y; Hollender, M H

    1986-01-01

    In 1899 the age of sexual consent in some American jurisdictions was 9 years. It has ranged from 7 to 21 years and at present the range is from 11 to 18 years. The age selected seems to be an arbitrary matter, the product of legislative compromise. The age of sexual consent should not be so early that little protection is provided for a child. Conversely, it should not be so late that a man can be held for statutory rape when the "victim" is fully capable of informed consent and readily acquiesced to a proposal or even invited a sexual relationship. PMID:3730628

  7. Assessing Sexual Interest in Adolescents Who Have Sexually Offended.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackaronis, Julia E; Byrne, Peter M; Strassberg, Donald S

    2014-05-30

    Adolescents who have sexually offended have unique treatment needs. For mental health professionals to adequately address these unique needs, further research is necessary. To that end, we explored the assessment of sexual interest (which may play an integral role in understanding potential for sexual reoffending) in a sample of 103 male adolescents who have sexually offended. We compared results from a physiological assessment (MONARCH 21 penile plethysmography [PPG]) and an actuarial assessment (Screening Scale for Pedophilic Interest [SSPI]), plus data from an unobstrusive assessment (Affinity, a viewing time measure) in a smaller subsample of 16 male adolescents. One finding that has particular relevance for clinical assessment is that the SSPI may have limited utility with adolescents. We also found evidence for some overlap between data from PPG and viewing time assessments, although whether or not PPG data are ipsatized may affect relationships with other assessment modalities. PMID:24879092

  8. Sexual preference, gender, and blame attributions in adolescent sexual assault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Michelle; Austen, Kerry; Rogers, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The study investigated the impact of victim sexual orientation, perpetrator gender, and participant gender on judgements toward a 15-year-old male victim of a depicted sexual assault. One hundred and eight-eight participants (97 male, 91 female) read a hypothetical scenario depicting the sexual assault of a 15-year-old male victim where the victim's sexual orientation and the perpetrator's gender were varied between subjects. Participants then completed a questionnaire assessing their attributions toward both the victim and the perpetrator. Results revealed that male participants blamed the victim more than female participants when the victim was both gay and attacked by a male perpetrator. All participants, regardless of gender, made more positive judgements toward the female as opposed to male perpetrator. Results are discussed in relation to gender role stereotypes and homophobia. PMID:22017075

  9. [Sexuality, heart and chocolate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Sekoranja, L; Pechère-Bertschi, A

    2013-03-20

    All along the history, many kinds of magic and aphrodisiac properties were attributed to the chocolate. Because of the presence of certain active substances, cacao and chocolate are supposed to have some potentially beneficial effects on human health, particularly on cardiovascular system. Containing flavoniods, cacao and its products have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-thrombotic, antihypertensive and neuroprotective effects, as well as influence on insulin sensitivity, vascular endothelial function, and activation of nitric oxide. Other molecules, like methyxantin, biogenic amines and cannabinoid-like fatty acids, may have a psychoactive action. Synergic effect of all these substances could have a positive direct and indirect influence on sexual health and function. Nevertheless, randomized studies are needed to confirm these hypotheses and to elaborate recommendations about cacao consumption. PMID:23547364

  10. Minireview: Hormones and Human Sexual Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    Balthazart, Jacques

    2011-01-01

    Many people believe that sexual orientation (homosexuality vs. heterosexuality) is determined by education and social constraints. There are, however, a large number of studies indicating that prenatal factors have an important influence on this critical feature of human sexuality. Sexual orientation is a sexually differentiated trait (over 90% of men are attracted to women and vice versa). In animals and men, many sexually differentiated characteristics are organized during early life by sex...

  11. Sexual Compulsivity Among Heterosexual College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Dodge, Brian; Reece, Michael; Cole, Sara L.; Sandfort, Theo G. M.

    2004-01-01

    A growing body of literature suggests that an association exists between sexual compulsivity and participation in sexual behaviors that are high risk in terms of HIV/STD infection. In most of these studies, sexual compulsivity has been measured using the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS; Kalichman & Rompa, 1995). As yet, sexual compulsivity has only been assessed with this scale among individuals who are members of “high risk” groups for HIV infection or who are HIV-positive. In this study,...

  12. Towards an evolutionary ecology of sexual traits.

    OpenAIRE

    Cornwallis, Ck; Uller, T.

    2010-01-01

    Empirical studies of sexual traits continue to generate conflicting results, leading to a growing awareness that the current understanding of this topic is limited. Here we argue that this is because studies of sexual traits fail to encompass three important features of evolution. First, sexual traits evolve via natural selection of which sexual selection is just one part. Second, selection on sexual traits fluctuates in strength, direction and form due to spatial and temporal environmental h...

  13. Nigerian secondary school adolescents’ perspective on abstinence-only sexual education as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/2fe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mfrekemfon P Inyang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The success of any type of sexual education programme depends on the knowledge and preparedness for practice by adolescents. A recent study has found that an ‘abstinence-only’ sexual education programme is effective in reducing sexual activity among adolescents. Knowledge of abstinence-only sexual education and preparedness for practice as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health among Nigerian secondary school adolescents was studied. An analytic descriptive survey design was used for the study. The research population comprised of all public secondary schools in three southern geopolitical zones of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 2020 senior secondary school (SS1-SS3 students as sample for the study. A partially self-designed and partially adapted questionnaire from an 'abstinence-only versus comprehensive sex education' debate, from debatepedia (http://wiki.idebate.org/, entitled 'Questionnaire on Nigerian Secondary School Adolescents’ Perspective on Abstinence-Only Sexual Education (QNSSAPAOSE' was used in eliciting information from respondents. Hypotheses were formulated and tested. Frequency counts, percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation were used in analysing data. A greater proportion of secondary school adolescents in this study lacked knowledge of sexual education. About 80% of the respondents could not define sexual education. The general perspective on abstinence-only sexual education was negative, as revealed by the larger number of respondents who demonstrated unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Specifically, of those who responded in favour of abstinence-only sexual education, the youngest group of adolescents (11-13 years and the male respondents were more likely to accept this type of education than the other groups. Poor knowledge of sexual education could be responsible for unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Sexual education should, therefore, be introduced into the secondary school curriculum and taught by well-prepared teachers to enable an informed decision on practice.

  14. Relating sexual sadism and psychopathy to one another, non-sexual violence, and sexual crime behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Carrie A; Knight, Raymond A

    2014-01-01

    Sexual sadism and psychopathy have been theoretically, clinically, and empirically linked to violence. Although both constructs are linked to predatory violence, few studies have sought to explore the covariation of the two constructs, and even fewer have sought to conceptualize the similarities of violence prediction in each. The current study considered all four Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) facets and employed well-defined, validated measures of sadism to elucidate the relation between sadism and psychopathy, as well as to determine the role of each in the prediction of non-sexual violence and sexual crime behaviors. Study 1 assessed 314 adult, male sex offenders using archival ratings, as well as the self-report Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex, and Aggression (the MIDSA). Study 2 used archival ratings to assess 599 adult, male sex offenders. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of crime scene descriptions yielded four sexual crime behavior factors: Violence, Physical Control, Sexual Behavior, and Paraphilic. Sadism and psychopathy covaried, but were not coextensive; sadism correlated with Total PCL-R, Facet 1, and Facet 4 scores. The constructs predicted all non-sexual violence measures, but predicted different sexual crime behavior factors. The PCL-R facets collectively predicted the Violence and Paraphilic factors, whereas sadism only predicted the Violence factor. PMID:24019144

  15. Estereotipos de rol sexual y diferencias sexuales: realidad y distorsión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Raguz de De Romaña

    1983-06-01

    Full Text Available Dado el interés del autor por investigar las relaciones existentes entre estereotipos de rol sexual y diferencias sexuales, se llevó a cabo dos estudios con jóvenes pre-universitarios y universitarios. En el primer estudio se realizó un análisis de juicios comparativos respectode 14 de los estereotipos de rol sexual del Bem Sex Role lnventory {BSRI, en base al cual se construyeron Escalas de Masculinidad y Femineidad. Ello permitió identificar no sólo qué estereotiposson considerados masculinos, femeninos o neutros en Lima, sino sus ponderaciones.En el segundo estudio se trabajó con universitarios, aplicándoles el BSRI {traducido libremente; mediante un análisis con el coeficiente decorrelación de Pearson y luego con análisis de varianza y estimación de omega cuadrado, se pudo determinar qué estereotipos se asociaban conel sexo masculino y cuáles con el sexo femenino, y cuánto la variable sexo explicaba los resultados. Así, se determinaba la fuerza de la asociación entre sexo y cada uno de los 60 estereotiposy era factible establecer diferencias entre los sexos. Finalmente, los hallazgos de ambas investigaciones fueron contrastados, comparandolos Estereotipos de Rol Sexual con las Diferencias Sexuales, lo que llevó a corroborar que si bien algunos estereotipos sexuales tienen apoyoempírico en diferencias reales entre los sexos, otros parecen derivarse de distorsiones cognitivas constituyendo "correlaciones ilusorias"

  16. How Do the Chinese Make Love? A Community Based Survey in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xin Tao; Jun Chen; Bin Zhang; Erhong Zhang; Tao Qi; Mingzhu Cao

    2014-01-01

    Aims: To investigate how the Chinese make love. Methods: From Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2009, a survey was carried out of 600 adults (300 male and 300 female adults) in Tianhe community (Guangzhou, China). Information included masturbation, sexual foreplay, oral sex, intercourse, coordination with sexual partner, self-evaluation of one’s sexual function. Results: 255 females and 229 males fulfilled the questionnaires. 48.8% females and 68.7% males admitted of masturbation experiences. 59.9% women r...

  17. Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante / Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Andrea Lopes, Gallinaro; Lilian Lie, Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba, Otuzi; Percival Degrava, Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto, Gonçalves.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BAS [...] DAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use [...] of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

  18. Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annia Duany Navarro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción.Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and sexual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

  19. The relationship between culture, personality, and sexual jealousy in men in heterosexual and homosexual relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, R O

    1990-01-01

    This study proposes a new approach to sexual jealousy, that of attitude theory. Within that framework, it examines the roles of culture and personality in the development of sexual jealousy. Using 194 men representing 62 male homosexual couples and 81 heterosexual couples, three hypotheses were analyzed: (1) that jealousy measured by a standard attitude measure, the semantic differential technique, will significantly positively correlate with scores on a standard jealousy measure, Eugene Mathes' Interpersonal Jealousy Scale; (2) that men in heterosexual couples will have higher levels of sexual jealousy than men in homosexual couples; and (3) that sexual jealousy is inversely correlated with self-actualization personality. All three hypotheses were supported, suggesting that sexual jealousy, viewed as an attitude, is mediated by culture and personality. PMID:2212631

  20. Contextual influences on sexual risk-taking in the transgender community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosenko, Kami A

    2011-03-01

    High HIV prevalence and incidence rates and high-risk sexual activity have been documented in certain subgroups of the transgender community; however, less is known about the sexual experiences and risks shared by these subgroups. To identify contextual features influencing the sexual risk-taking of transgender adults, semi-structured interviews conducted with 41 self-identified transgender adults were analyzed via constant comparative analysis, a technique rooted in grounded theory. Seven aspects of the transgender experience, including stigma, financial hardship, sexual objectification, a lack of outreach, hormones, a second puberty, and gender role issues, created a unique context of risk. Findings indicate that traditional HIV prevention efforts might not be suited to the unique needs of transgender adults. Tailoring HIV prevention efforts to this community will warrant further attention to contextual influences on sexual risk and safety. PMID:20336575

  1. Sexual Attraction and Orientation (Girls)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sexual orientation involves a complex mix of biology, psychology, and environmental factors . Scientists also believe a person's ... when they worry about things like school, college, sports, or friends and fitting in. In addition to ...

  2. Sexual Attraction and Orientation (Guys)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sexual orientation involves a complex mix of biology, psychology, and environmental factors . Scientists also believe a person's ... when they worry about things like school, college, sports, or friends and fitting in. In addition to ...

  3. Sexuality and Chronic Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... Contact Us You are here Home » Sexuality and Kidney Disease Can people with kidney disease or kidney failure ...

  4. Hepatitis C: Sex and Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with Hepatitis » Sex and Sexuality: Entire Lesson Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For Veterans and ... hepatitis C virus through sex. Can you pass hepatitis C to a sex partner? Yes, but it ...

  5. Sexual Assault Awareness Month 2012

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-04-02

    This podcast discusses the impact and prevalence of sexual violence and the importance of prevention.  Created: 4/2/2012 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/2/2012.

  6. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... physical intimacy between two loving adult partners is beautiful and joyful, while also warning about the perils ... become sexually active when they were seventeen; the women, at age sixteen. Looking back, more than half ...

  7. The Role of Sexual Assault and Sexual Dysfunction in Alcohol and Other Drug Use Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjuan, Pilar M.; Langenbucher, James W.; Labouvie, Erich

    2006-01-01

    Many women with sexual assault histories receive care in alcohol and other drug treatment programs. Affected women frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction, leading investigators to suggest self-medication may be one path to alcohol and other drug use disorders and relapse. This preliminary study examined sexual dysfunction and sexual assault in 71 women receiving treatment for addiction. Women with prior sexual assault scored higher than non-assaulted women on sexual dysfunction overall, a ...

  8. The Developmental Association of Sexual Self-Concept with Sexual Behavior among Adolescent Women

    OpenAIRE

    Hensel, Devon J.; Fortenberry, J. Dennis; O’sullivan, Lucia F.; Orr, Donald P.

    2010-01-01

    Developing a sexual self-concept is an important developmental task of adolescence; however, little empirical evidence describes this development, nor how these changes are related to development in sexual behavior. Using longitudinal cohort data from adolescent women, we invoked latent growth curve analysis to: (1) examine reciprocal development in sexual self-concept (sexual openness, sexual esteem and sexual anxiety) over a four year time frame; (2) describe the relationship of these traje...

  9. Characteristics of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence Influence Sexual Risk Behavior in Adulthood

    OpenAIRE

    Senn, Theresa E.; Carey, Michael P.; Vanable, Peter A.; Coury-doniger, Patricia; Urban, Marguerite

    2006-01-01

    Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse has been associated with subsequent (adult) sexual risk behavior, but the effects of force and type of sexual abuse on sexual behavior outcomes have been less well-studied. The present study investigated the associations between sexual abuse characteristics and later sexual risk behavior, and explored whether gender of the child/adolescent moderated these relations. Patients attending an STD clinic completed a computerized survey that assessed history of ...

  10. Sexuality during and after Pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Still, Hereford

    1986-01-01

    Most standard obstetrical and gynecological textbooks ignore the subject of sexuality during and after pregnancy, and physicians who practise obstetrics tend to pay scant attention to this aspect of their patients' well-being. Since 1966, when Masters and Johnson's studies were published, relatively little information about pregnancy and sexuality has appeared in the medical literature. A comprehensive survey of the feelings and opinions of some 300 couples, published in 1977, indicates patie...

  11. Male sexual dysfunction in Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Christopher Ck; Singam, Praveen; Hong, Goh Eng; Zainuddin, Zulkifli Md

    2011-01-01

    Sex has always been a taboo subject in Asian society. However, over the past few years, awareness in the field of men's sexual health has improved, and interest in sexual health research has recently increased. The epidemiology and prevalence of erectile dysfunction, hypogonadism and premature ejaculation in Asia are similar in the West. However, several issues are specific to Asian males, including culture and beliefs, awareness, compliance and the availability of traditional/complementary m...

  12. Culpabilidad sexual en jóvenes: influencia de las actitudes y la experiencia sexual / Sexual guilt in youngsters: the influence of attitudes and sexual experience

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan Carlos, Sierra; Felipe, Perla; Pablo, Santos-Iglesias.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La culpabilidad sexual es un factor determinante de la conducta sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la culpabilidad sexual en una muestra de 594 jóvenes salvadoreños con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, seleccionados mediante un procedimiento no aleatorio, con el propósito d [...] e determinar la influencia que sobre la misma tienen una serie de variables sociodemográficas y de actitudes hacia la sexualidad. Los participantes contestaron el Inventario de Culpabilidad Sexual Revisado de Mosher, la Escala de Opinión Sexual, la Escala Hurlbert de Fantasías Sexuales y el Inventario de Actitudes Negativas hacia la Masturbación. Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron que la culpabilidad sexual está determinada, entre otros factores, por las actitudes hacia las fantasías sexuales, la erotofilia, las actitudes negativas hacia la masturbación y por la experiencia sexual en este orden, siendo más importantes las variables actitudinales que las sociodemográficas. Los resultados de estudios como éste sirven para analizar el papel de la culpabilidad sexual en la sexualidad humana y desarrollar futuros programas de educación sexual para adolescentes. Abstract in english Sex guilt is a determinant of sexual behavior. The goal of the present study was to analyze sex guilt in a Salvadorian sample of 594 young with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years, selected through a non-random process, in order to assess the influence of socio-demographic and sexual attitudinal variab [...] les on it. Participants filled in the Revised Mosher Guilt Inventory, the Sexual Opinion Survey, the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy, and the Negative Attitudes toward Masturbation Inventory. Results of multiple regression analysis suggested that sex guilt is determined, among other things, by attitudes towards sexual fantasy, erotophilia, negative attitudes toward masturbation, and sexual experience, in this order, being the attitudinal variables more important than the socio-demographic variables. Results of studies like this are useful to analyze the role of sex guilt in human sexuality and to develop sexual education programs for adolescents.

  13. Pharmacogenomics and sexuality: a vision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nappi, R E; Domoney, C

    2013-08-01

    Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multidimensional with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors modulating the clinical expression of sexual symptoms and associated distress. During the entire reproductive lifespan, intra- and interpersonal experiences shape human neuroendocrine and neurovascular sexual pathways. These are dependent on genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, including acquired medical conditions. Understanding the genetic basis of FSD can help to determine clinical phenotypes of women and therefore postulate the most effective intervention according to biological, psychological or environmental determinants. However, there is a paucity of studies demonstrating a genetic contribution to FSD and a diverse modulation of innate and acquired factors on discrete domains of sexual response and distress. This is evident from menarche to menopause. Pharmacogenomics is still in its infancy in the field of sexual medicine and most data regarding genetic polymorphisms of drug targets associated with susceptibility to sexual dysfunction have been obtained in males. Pharmacogenomics may be the future of medical practice in women with FSD and may guide an individualized approach by predicting both therapeutic effects at varying dosages of hormonal and non-hormonal agents, and disadvantageous side-effects and drug interactions. PMID:23848488

  14. Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad / Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Annia, Duany Navarro; Gloria, Hernández Marín.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la r [...] elación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción. Abstract in english Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and se [...] xual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

  15. Sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masatu Melkiory C

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual activities are increasingly changing from the cultural point of view what they used to be. Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among in-school and out-of-school but unmarried adolescents aged 10 to 19 in five locations in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect information and to characterize sexual practices among these adolescents. Results About 32% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being males than females. The only inquired and reported sexual practices include vaginal sex, masturbation, oral and anal sex. About 15% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. Significantly more males reported having multiple partners than females. Nearly 42% of sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during most recent sexual act. Females reported older partners at first sexual act. Conclusion Adolescents experience several sexual practices that include penetrative and non-penetrative. More males reported being sexually active than females. Despite adolescents reporting having multiple sexual partners, reported condom use during the most recent sexual act was low. We advocate for a more enhanced approach of reproductive health education that includes safer sex to adolescents without forgetting those in-schools.

  16. The use of magnetic resonance imaging for studying female sexual function: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccaro, Christine M

    2015-04-01

    Many would agree that there are two quintessential sexual organs in the female: the clitoris and the brain. Using non-invasive techniques of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), investigators have gained insight into the mental and physical factors involved in female sexual function. Since only the external clitoral glans is easily accessible for direct measurement, the complete anatomy of the clitoris (including the internal components-paired corpora, crura, and bulbs) has only recently been described, with MRI providing the most sensitive way of distinguishing among the various soft tissue planes. Average sizes of clitoral structures and average distances between the clitoral complex and other pelvic landmarks have been measured. These measurements have been correlated with female sexual function: a longer distance between the clitoral complex and the vaginal lumen correlates with poorer sexual function, consistent with prior imaging studies. However, whether clitoral size influences function is debatable, so further studies are needed. Physiological investigations have demonstrated that female arousal disorder is unlikely to be due to inadequate genital engorgement. Some consider the brain to be the ultimate sexual organ, and several recent studies have used functional MRI (fMRI) to reveal sexual excitability in the brain. The normal sexual response requires deactivation of the frontal lobe and activation of the instinctual limbic system of the midbrain. As MR technology continues to improve, the mysteries of female sexuality will be further unraveled. Clin. Anat. 28:324-330, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25759259

  17. Where are we now in the sexual revolution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selverstone, R

    1989-03-01

    Selverstone concludes the there really has been a sexual revolution. An enormous sociocultural change has taken place during the lives of parents of schoolchildren. Parents say they feel that there is an increased openness about sexuality today and greater access to accurate information. They also indicate that they are able to have more open conversations with their children than they were able to have with their parents, and that their children seem to have more opposite sex friendships. However, they also are apprehensive about the acceleration of their children's sexual involvement and observe that the sexual double standard still prevails. Other important changes include the following. 1) There is a continuing acceleration in the number of young people who are beginning to have sexual intercourse. Orr et al reported that in a blue-collar, urban, junior high school in Indianapolis, Indiana, 46% of the 14-year-old girls and 74% of the 14-year-old boys had already had intercourse. In the Kinsey sample, only 28% of 14-year-old boys had intercourse. 2) Discussion of sexually transmitted disease is frank and open. 3) 2/3 of American Catholics use birth control. 4) Between 1970 and 1985, births to unwed mothers increased 50%; today, 1 in 5 births in the US is to an unwed mother. 5) Abortion, a clandestine subject in yesteryear, is now one of the most critical and divisive of political issues. 6) People are waiting longer to get married. Between 1970 and 1984, the median age for marriage rose 2 1/2 years, and since 1956, 3 years. 7) Currently, 72% of all women aged 25-34 work, and both spouses work in 56% of all families. However, economic and job discrimination against women is still the rule rather than the exception. 8) There has been a movement toward a less male-dominated heterosexual approach to religion, also. 9) This is perhaps the 1st generation that has begun to comprehend that perhaps 4-7% of the population will be exclusively or predominantly homosexual. 10) For the 1st time in American history, forced sex in marriage has been recognized as rape; colleges have recently acknowledged that rape may be surpassing theft as the number 1 crime on campus; among adult women, physical abuse by men remains a significant problem; and studies have indicated that 10-25% of all women have been sexually abused or molested as girls. 11) The media graphically display women's naked bodies and sexual organs; books and music often discuss sexual technique and feelings. 12) 85% of the American public favors sex education in the public schools. PMID:12143717

  18. Tipo de contacto sexual y experiencia sexual precoital en adolescentes españoles / Type of sexual contact and precoital sexual experience in spanish adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    MARÍA-PAZ, BERMÚDEZ; GUALDERMO, BUELA-CASAL; INMACULADA, TEVA.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar algunas características de las conductas sexuales precoitales y el tipo de contacto sexual, en adolescentes españoles. Participó una muestra representativa de 4.456 estudiantes españoles de enseñanza secundaria obligatoria. Se administró un cuestionario sobre [...] conducta sexual. Es un estudio transversal descriptivo de poblaciones, mediante encuestas con muestras probabilísticas. Los adolescentes fueron seleccionados mediante un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, en función del tipo de centro educativo y de la comunidad autónoma. En comparación con las mujeres, los varones comenzaron las experiencias sexuales sin penetración a una edad más temprana, tenían un mayor número de parejas y un mayor porcentaje de ellos manifestó tener parejas ocasionales. Este estudio no solo contribuye al conocimiento sobre la conducta sexual de los adolescentes antes del inicio de las relaciones sexuales con penetración, sino que en él se destaca la importancia de desarrollar estrategias de prevención sexual en los adolescentes. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine characteristics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They complete [...] d a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexual behaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Compared to females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.

  19. Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse / Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas / Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Quitéria Clarice Magalhães, Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão, Cardoso.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em um [...] a organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre f [...] ebrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil [...] through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

  20. Orientação sexual nas escolas: fato ou anseio? Orientación sexual en las escuelas: ¿realidad o anhelo? Sexual orientation in the school context: fact or eagerness?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Aparecida de Almeida

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou analisar sob a ótica dos educadores de escolas públicas do ensino fundamental, como o tema "orientação sexual" vem sendo incorporado nas práticas pedagógicas. Participaram do estudo 23 professores da rede municipal de ensino de Cajazeiras, Paraíba. Elegeu-se o grupo focal como técnica de investigação, e os dados empíricos obtidos foram organizados mediante análise de conteúdo temática. Constatou-se que há um esforço dos atores em privilegiar conteúdos relativos à orientação sexual no ambiente escolar, porém esses debates exigem que preliminarmente seja incentivado um aprofundamento de caráter informativo e subjetivo sobre "sexualidade", propiciando aos educadores um espaço para re-significações de sua internalidade e valores. A informação direcionada ao cuidado de si deve extrapolar os limites preventivistas e higienistas, incorporando metodologias extensivas, inclusivas e reflexivas, que reconheçam os direitos humanos e sociais e favoreçam a construção ética da cidadania.La investigación cualitativa objetivo analizar las perspectivas de los educadores de escuelas públicas de educación básica como el tema "orientación sexual" se ha incorporado as prácticas de enseñanza. Los participantes del estudio fueron 23 profesores de escuelas municipales de Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brasil. Fue elegido el grupo focal como técnica de investigación, y los datos obtenidos fueron organizados por el análisis de contenido temático. Se encontró que hay un esfuerzo de los actores en favor de contenidos relacionados con la orientación sexual en el entorno escolar, pero eso requiere que las discusiones preliminares debe alentar una profundización de carácter subjetivo sobre "sexualidad", proporcionando un espacio para que los educadores resignificación de interioridad y sus valores. Información dirigida a los cuidados personales debe trascender los límites de prevención e higienistas, incorporando metodologías amplia, inclusiva y reflexiva, que reconocen los derechos humanos y promover la construcción social y ético de ciudadanía.Qualitative research that aimed to analyze under the optics of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching, how the theme "sexual orientation" has been incorporated into pedagogic practices. Twenty three educators of municipal teaching of Cajazeiras' city, Paraíba, Brazil, took part of the study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment, though it is required that preliminarily a depth of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be incentivized, propitiating to the educators a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits preventative and hygienists, incorporating methodologies extensive, inclusive and reflective, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship.

  1. Factors associated with sexual arousal, sexual sensation seeking, and sexual satisfaction among African-American adolescent females

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sales, Jessica M.; Smearman, Erica; Brody, Gene H.; Milhausen, Robin; Philibert, Robert A.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

    2013-01-01

    Sexuality-related constructs such as sexual arousal, sexual sensation seeking (SSS) and sexual satisfaction have been related to sexual behaviors that place one at risk for adverse consequences such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and unintended pregnancy. The biopsychosocial model posits an array of factors, ranging from social environmental factors, biological, and psychological predispositions that may be associated with these sexuality constructs in adolescent samples. African-American females aged 14-20 were recruited from reproductive health clinics for an HIV intervention. Baseline survey and follow-up DNA data (N=304) was used to assess biological, psychological and social environmental associations with the sexuality constructs of arousal, SSS, and sexual satisfaction. In multivariable linear regressions, a higher depressive symptom rating was associated with higher arousability while short serotonin allele(s) status was associated with lower arousability. Impulsivity and perceived peer norms supportive of unsafe sexual behaviors were associated with increased SSS, and short serotonin allele(s) status was associated with lower SSS. Higher social support was also associated with higher levels of sexual satisfaction while short serotonin allele(s) status was associated with lower satisfaction. The sexuality constructs were also significantly related to number of sex partners, frequency of vaginal sex, and number of unprotected vaginal sex acts in the past six months. These findings emphasize the importance of understanding biopsychosocial factors, including the role of serotonin as an indicator of natural variations in sexual inclination and behaviors, that influence sexuality constructs, which in turn are associated with sexual behaviors, to allow further refinement of sexual health clinical services and programs and promote the development of healthy sexuality. PMID:24262218

  2. Sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide: an examination of crime scene indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healey, Jay; Lussier, Patrick; Beauregard, Eric

    2013-04-01

    This study investigates the convergent and predictive validity of behavioral crime scene indicators of sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide. The study is based on a sample of 268 adult males sentenced to a federal penitentiary in Canada. Information regarding crime scene behaviors was gathered from police records, a clinical interview with a psychologist, and a semistructured interview with the offender. A series of logistic regressions were performed to determine whether behavioral crime scene indicators of sexual sadism were associated with an official diagnosis of sexual sadism and were able to distinguish between sexual aggressors against women and sexual murderers. Findings suggest that several crime scene behaviors overlap with an official diagnosis of sexual sadism as well as being able to distinguish between sexual aggressors of women and sexual murderers. Importantly, the majority of crime scene behaviors associated with a clinical diagnosis of sexual sadism are not the same as those associated with sexual homicide. PMID:22436735

  3. Intralocus sexual conflict for fitness: sexually antagonistic alleles for testosterone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Suzanne C.; Koskela, Esa; Mappes, Tapio

    2012-01-01

    Intralocus sexual conflict occurs when a trait encoded by the same genetic locus in the two sexes has different optima in males and females. Such conflict is widespread across taxa, however, the shared phenotypic traits that mediate the conflict are largely unknown. We examined whether the sex hormone, testosterone (T), that controls sexual differentiation, contributes to sexually antagonistic fitness variation in the bank vole, Myodes glareolus. We compared (opposite-sex) sibling reproductive fitness in the bank vole after creating divergent selection lines for T. This study shows that selection for T was differentially associated with son versus daughter reproductive success, causing a negative correlation in fitness between full siblings. Our results demonstrate the presence of intralocus sexual conflict for fitness in this small mammal and that sexually antagonistic selection is acting on T. We also found a negative correlation in fitness between parents and their opposite-sex progeny (e.g. father–daughter), highlighting a dilemma for females, as the indirect genetic benefits of selecting reproductively successful males (high T) are lost with daughters. We discuss mechanisms that may mitigate this disparity between progeny quality. PMID:22171083

  4. Abuso sexual: tratamientos y atención / Sexual abuse: Treatments and attention

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Álvaro Roberto, Vallejo Samudio; Martha Isabel, Córdoba Arévalo.

    Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El abuso sexual afecta fundamentalmente a niños de cualquier género y mujeres, dejando graves secuelas en las víctimas, y en su medio familiar y social. Este artículo rastrea las publicaciones disponibles en materia de acciones encaminadas al apoyo de sobrevivientes de abuso sexual, por parte de los [...] sistemas de salud pública en algunos países, y los tratamientos de origen psicológico más recomendados para la reparación de la salud mental de las víctimas. El abuso sexual en países en desarrollo debe ser un asunto de seguridad pública, más aun en Colombia, donde la violación de mujeres es una arma de guerra usada por los actores de la violencia sociopolítica. Abstract in english Sexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of se [...] xual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence.

  5. Child sexual abuse: consequences and implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornor, Gail

    2010-01-01

    Sexual abuse is a problem of epidemic proportions in the United States. Given the sheer numbers of sexually abused children, it is vital for pediatric nurse practitioners to understand both short-term and long-term consequences of sexual abuse. Understanding consequences of sexual abuse can assist the pediatric nurse practitioner in anticipating the physical and mental health needs of patients and also may assist in the identification of sexual abuse victims. Sexual abuse typically does not occur in isolation. Implications for practice will be discussed. PMID:20971410

  6. Sexual Orientation Prototypicality and Well-Being Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinstein, Brian A; Meuwly, Nathalie; Davila, Joanne; Eaton, Nicholas R; Yoneda, Athena

    2014-09-26

    The current study examined the associations between sexual orientation prototypicality-or the extent to which an individual's attractions or sexual behaviors are similar to others in the same sexual orientation category-and several indicators of well-being (depressive symptoms, loneliness, and self-esteem). Data were analyzed from a sample of 586 self-identified heterosexual and sexual minority (lesbian/gay and bisexual) men and women who completed an online survey. We used k-means cluster analysis to assign individuals to sexual orientation clusters (resulting in heterosexual and sexual minority clusters) based on dimensions of same-sex and other-sex attractions (emotional, romantic, and sexual) and sexual behavior. Sexual orientation prototypicality was operationalized as the Euclidean distance between an individual's position in the cluster and their cluster centroid. Lower sexual orientation prototypicality (i.e., greater Euclidean distance from one's cluster centroid) was significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms, higher loneliness, and lower self-esteem for men and women; results did not significantly differ for self-identified heterosexuals versus sexual minorities. Although self-identified sexual orientation and sexual orientation prototypicality were both associated with well-being for women, only sexual orientation prototypicality was associated with well-being for men. Findings suggest that sexual orientation prototypicality may be a better indicator of well-being than sexual orientation for men. Further, sexual orientation prototypicality appears to play a significant role in well-being for women. PMID:25257258

  7. Attentional and affective processing of sexual stimuli in women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauer, Marieke; van Leeuwen, Matthijs; Janssen, Erick; Newhouse, Sarah K; Heiman, Julia R; Laan, Ellen

    2012-08-01

    Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most common sexual problem in women. From an incentive motivation perspective, HSDD may be the result of a weak association between sexual stimuli and rewarding experiences. As a consequence, these stimuli may either lose or fail to acquire a positive meaning, resulting in a limited number of incentives that have the capacity to elicit a sexual response. According to current information processing models of sexual arousal, sexual stimuli automatically activate meanings and if these are not predominantly positive, processes relevant to the activation of sexual arousal and desire may be interrupted. Premenopausal U.S. and Dutch women with acquired HSDD (n = 42) and a control group of sexually functional women (n = 42) completed a single target Implicit Association Task and a Picture Association Task assessing automatic affective associations with sexual stimuli and a dot detection task measuring attentional capture by sexual stimuli. Results showed that women with acquired HSDD displayed less positive (but not more negative) automatic associations with sexual stimuli than sexually functional women. The same pattern was found for self-reported affective sex-related associations. Participants were slower to detect targets in the dot detection task that replaced sexual images, irrespective of sexual function status. As such, the findings point to the relevance of affective processing of sexual stimuli in women with HSDD, and imply that the treatment of HSDD might benefit from a stronger emphasis on the strengthening of the association between sexual stimuli and positive meaning and sexual reward. PMID:21892693

  8. Contributions of divergent peer and parent sexual messages to Asian American college students' sexual behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinh, Sarah L; Ward, L Monique; Day, Kyla; Thomas, Khia; Levin, Dana

    2014-01-01

    Receiving more parent sexual communication is generally linked to a later age of first sexual intercourse and less sexual risk taking. However, Asian American youth report minimal parent sexual communication, later sexual initiation, and fewer sexual risks than their counterparts. What contributes to this unexpected pattern of sexual communication and sexual behaviors? To answer this question, we surveyed 312 Asian American college students ages 17 to 22 on their sexual behaviors, parent sexual communication, and peer sexual communication. Assessment of parent and peer sexual communication was completed via a measure in which participants rated the frequency with which they had received each of 22 sexual messages from each source. Young women generally received more messages promoting abstinence, traditional sex roles, and sex within a relational context than their male counterparts. Young men, however, reported greater parent and peer communications that were accepting of casual sex. Exposure to peer messages that were accepting of casual sex was associated with more sexual partners, casual sex encounters, and sexual experience. Being older, being raised outside the United States, being less religious, and being homosexual was each predictive of more sexual experience. Implications regarding the role of culture and gender on sexual socialization are discussed. PMID:23305521

  9. Perceived realism moderates the relation between sexualized media consumption and permissive sexual attitudes in dutch adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baams, Laura; Overbeek, Geertjan; Dubas, Judith Semon; Doornwaard, Suzan M; Rommes, Els; van Aken, Marcel A G

    2015-04-01

    This study examined whether the development of sexualized media consumption and permissive sexual attitudes would be more strongly interrelated when adolescents perceived sexualized media images as highly realistic. We used data from a three-wave longitudinal sample of 444 Dutch adolescents aged 13-16 years at baseline. Results from parallel process latent growth modeling multigroup analyses showed that higher initial levels of sexualized media consumption were associated with higher initial level of permissive sexual attitudes. Moreover, increases of sexualized media consumption over time were associated with increases of permissive sexual attitudes over time. Considering the moderation by perceived realism, we found these effects only for those who perceived sexualized media as more realistic. Findings for male and female adolescents were similar except for the relations between initial levels and subsequent development. Among male adolescents who perceived sexualized media images to be realistic, higher initial levels of permissive sexual attitudes were related to subsequent less rapid development of sexualized media consumption. For male adolescents who perceived sexualized media to be less realistic, higher initial levels of sexualized media consumption were related to a subsequent less rapid development of permissive sexual attitudes. These relations were not found for female adolescents. Overall, our results suggest that, in male and female adolescents, those with a high level of perceived realism showed a correlated development of sexualized media consumption and permissive sexual attitudes. These findings point to a need for extended information on how to guide adolescents in interpreting and handling sexualized media in everyday life. PMID:25501659

  10. Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akanle Florence Foluso

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.

  11. Male and female sexual dysfunction (SD) after radical pelvic urological surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Paolo Gontero; Francesco Fontana; Ervin Kocjancic; Bruno Frea; Alessandro Tizzani

    2006-01-01

    Major pelvic urological surgery comprises radical prostatectomy and radical cystectomy in the male patient and radical cystectomy in the female. Postsurgical sexual dysfunction (SD) has been reported with a high prevalence in both sexes and is becoming increasingly important in the patient's view as a result of improved cancer prognosis, refinements in surgical technique, and increased awareness of quality of life aspects that involve sexual satisfaction. The pathophysiology of the problem is...

  12. SEXUAL ABUSE OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL RETARDATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivera RASHICH

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available People from the”Normal“ population don't have enough knowledge about the problems caused by mental retardation. Very often they have wrong sense and biases about mentally retarded people, considering them as people who suffer from pshychic illness. Mentally retarded people, very often are considered very different from the ”Normal“ population, but if we come closer to them we will see that there are more similarities than differences. The period in which we live today is full of challenges and fulfillments, which are frightening for people with mental retardation. It will be logical if the progress and contemporary techniques and the society go together with progress of human relationships, but, in fact, we are witnesses of lots of unhuman acts. The number of mental retarded people who have been victims of sexual abuse increases more and more everyday, and the most tragic is that they are not even aware of the situation in most cases. Persons with mental retardation in most situations become victims of this kind of unhuman acts because they don't know to say ”No“ to adults.This paper is a supplement for investigations about frequency, reasons and possibilities for prevention of sexual abuse of people with mental retardation.

  13. ABC of Domestic and Sexual Violence Bewley Susan and Welch Jan (Eds) ABC of Domestic and Sexual Violence 136pp £21.99 Wiley-Blackwell 9781118482186 1118482182 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    THIS PRACTICAL guide provides an excellent introduction to domestic and sexual violence, including the epidemiology of gender-based violence, cultural perspectives and techniques for identifying affected individuals, as well as guidance on acting on concerns or disclosures. PMID:25854733

  14. PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cinara, Sacomori; Fernando Luiz, Cardoso.

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC) - Brasil. Método: In [...] vestigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; p Abstract in english Background: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC) - Brazil. Meth [...] od: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC), Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test). Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p

  15. Sexual desire, not hypersexuality, is related to neurophysiological responses elicited by sexual images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaughn R. Steele

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Modulation of sexual desires is, in some cases, necessary to avoid inappropriate or illegal sexual behavior (downregulation of sexual desire or to engage with a romantic partner (upregulation of sexual desire. Some have suggested that those who have difficulty downregulating their sexual desires be diagnosed as having a sexual “addiction”. This diagnosis is thought to be associated with sexual urges that feel out of control, high-frequency sexual behavior, consequences due to those behaviors, and poor ability to reduce those behaviors. However, such symptoms also may be better understood as a non-pathological variation of high sexual desire. Hypersexuals are thought to be relatively sexual reward sensitized, but also to have high exposure to visual sexual stimuli. Thus, the direction of neural responsivity to sexual stimuli expected was unclear. If these individuals exhibit habituation, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be diminished; if they merely have high sexual desire, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be increased. Neural responsivity to sexual stimuli in a sample of hypersexuals could differentiate these two competing explanations of symptoms. Methods: Fifty-two (13 female individuals who self-identified as having problems regulating their viewing of visual sexual stimuli viewed emotional (pleasant sexual, pleasant-non-sexual, neutral, and unpleasant photographs while electroencephalography was collected. Results: Larger P300 amplitude differences to pleasant sexual stimuli, relative to neutral stimuli, was negatively related to measures of sexual desire, but not related to measures of hypersexuality. Conclusion: Implications for understanding hypersexuality as high desire, rather than disordered, are discussed.

  16. Child Sexual Abuse and Persistence of Risky Sexual Behaviors and Negative Sexual Outcomes over Adulthood: Findings from a Birth Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Roode, Thea; Dickson, Nigel; Herbison, Peter; Paul, Charlotte

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) on adult sexual behaviors and outcomes over three age periods. Methods: A longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972/1973 was used. Information on CSA was sought at age 26, and on sexual behaviors and outcomes at ages 21, 26, and 32. Comparisons were…

  17. The Structural Properties of Sexual Fantasies for Sexual Offenders: A Preliminary Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Dion; Ward, Tony; Belofastov, Aleksandra; Beech, Anthony

    2006-01-01

    While the phenomenon of sexual fantasy has been researched extensively, little contemporary inquiry has investigated the structural properties of sexual fantasy within the context of sexual offending. In this study, a qualitative analysis was used to develop a descriptive model of the phenomena of sexual fantasy during the offence process.…

  18. A Model Linking Diverse Women's Child Sexual Abuse History with Sexual Risk Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Laurel B.; Matheny, Kenneth B.; Gagne, Phill; Brack, Greg; Ancis, Julie R.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to examine the role that child sexual abuse may play in body surveillance and sexual risk behaviors among undergraduate women. First, a measured variable path analysis was conducted, which assessed the relations among a history of child sexual abuse, body surveillance, and sexual risk behaviors. Furthermore, body…

  19. The Sexual Communication Scale: A Measure of Frequency of Sexual Communication between Parents and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somers, Cheryl L.; Canivez, Gary L.

    2003-01-01

    Study reports on the psychometric properties of a brief instrument, the Sexual Communication Scale, used to measure the frequency of communication about sexual matters between parents and adolescents. Instrument addresses sexual topics ranging from dating to sexual intercourse to homosexuality to HIV/AIDS. Analyses showed that the SCS demonstrated…

  20. Differences by Gender and Sexual Experience in Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Implications for Education and HIV Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahom, Deborah; Wells, Elizabeth; Morrison, Diane M.; Wilsdon, Anthony; Gillmore, Mary Rogers; Archibald, Matthew; Graham, Laurie; Hoppe, Marilyn; Murowchick, Elise.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated individual characteristics and peer influences related to adolescents' sexual behavior, considering gender and sexual experience. Students reported on intentions to engage in sexual activity and use condoms in the next year, amount of pressure to engage in sexual activity, and perceptions about the number of their peers engaging in…

  1. Dissatisfaction with male sexual performance and female sexual dysfunction in women with type 1 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitropoulos, K; Bargiota, A; Mouzas, O; Melekos, M; Koukoulis, G; Tzortzis, V

    2015-01-01

    Although partnership issues are thought to be implicated in female psychology and sexual life, no data exist on the relationship between dissatisfaction with male sexual performance and female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM-1). We studied 70 women with uncomplicated DM-1 and 100 nondiabetic women using Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) and a Likert Scale to evaluate sexual function, sexual distress and the degree of satisfaction derived from the male partner's sexual performance. Compared with healthy controls, DM-1 women had significantly worse sexual function, higher sexual distress and higher FSD frequency. No significant difference in dissatisfaction with partner's sexual performance was found between diabetic and control group (CG). Moreover, dissatisfied diabetic and control women were comparable in sexual functioning, sexual distress and FSD frequency. In the CG, dissatisfied women had significantly worse total FSFI score compared with the satisfied ones. In addition, dissatisfaction with male sexual performance led to significantly worse FSDS score and higher FSD frequency in both diabetic and CGs. Therefore, our findings reveal a negative association between dissatisfaction with male partner's sexual performance and female sexual functioning, regardless of the presence of diabetes. PMID:25007826

  2. Playing the (Sexual) Field: The Interactional Basis of Systems of Sexual Stratification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Adam Isaiah

    2011-01-01

    Recently, scholars have used a Bourdieusian theory of practice to analyze systems of sexual stratification, including an examination of sexual fields and sexual (or erotic) capital. While the broad structural features of the sexual field have been a point of focus in this latter research, a systematic analysis of the interactional processes that…

  3. Evaluación de un programa de educación sexual sobre conocimientos y conductas sexuales en embarazadas / Evaluation of a sexual education program on knowledge and sexual behaviour in pregnant

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., García González; L., Duarte González; M.C., Mejías Paneque.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres gr [...] ávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who w [...] ere in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).

  4. 29 CFR 1604.11 - Sexual harassment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Reserved] (d) With respect to conduct between fellow...sexual harassment in the workplace where the employer (or...of non-employees, with respect to sexual harassment of employees in the workplace, where the...

  5. Measuring Iranian women's sexual behaviors: Expert opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorashi, Zohreh; Merghati-Khoei, Effat; Yousefy, Alireza

    2014-01-01

    The cultural compatibility of sexually related instruments is problematic because the contexts from which the concepts and meanings were extracted may be significantly different from related contexts in a different society. This paper describes the instruments that have been used to assess sexual behaviors, primarily in Western contexts. Then, based on the instruments' working definition of 'sexual behavior' and their theoretical frameworks, we will (1) discuss the applicability or cultural compatibility of existing instruments targeting women's sexual behaviors within an Iranian context, and (2) suggest criteria for sexually related tools applicable in Iranian settings. Iranian women's sexual scripts may compromise the existing instruments' compatibility. Suggested criteria are as follows: understanding, language of sexuality, ethics and morality. Therefore, developing a culturally comprehensive measure that can adequately examine Iranian women's sexual behaviors is needed. PMID:25250346

  6. The Phantom Epidemic of Sexual Assault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Neil

    1991-01-01

    Discusses definitions and reporting of sexual assault. Concludes that the epidemic of sexual assault suggested by the media reflects a radical feminist attitude which prevents objective analysis and trivializes cases of real abuse. (DM)

  7. Sexual orientation and spatial memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cánovas, Ma Rosa; Cimadevilla, José Manuel

    2011-11-01

    The present study aimed at determining the influence of sexual orientation in human spatial learning and memory. Participants performed the Boxes Room, a virtual reality version of the Holeboard. In Experiment I, a reference memory task, the position of the hidden rewards remained constant during the whole experiment. In Experiment II, a working memory task, the position of rewards changed between blocks. Each block consisted of two trials: One trial for acquisition and another for retrieval. The results of Experiment I showed that heterosexual men performed better than homosexual men and heterosexual women. They found the rewarded boxes faster. Moreover, homosexual participants committed more errors than heterosexuals. Experiment II showed that working memory abilities are the same in groups of different sexual orientation. These results suggest that sexual orientation is related to spatial navigation abilities, but mostly in men, and limited to reference memory, which depends more on the function of the hippocampal system. PMID:22047869

  8. The otherness of sexuality: excess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Ruth

    2008-03-01

    The present essay, the second of a series of three, aims at developing an experience-near account of sexuality by rehabilitating the idea of excess and its place in sexual experience. It is suggested that various types of excess, such as excess of excitation (Freud), the excess of the other (Laplanche), excess beyond symbolization and the excess of the forbidden object of desire (Leviticus; Lacan) work synergistically to constitute the compelling power of sexuality. In addition to these notions, further notions of excess touch on its transformative potential. Such notions address excess that shatters psychic structures and that is actively sought so as to enable new ones to evolve (Bersani). Work is quoted that regards excess as a way of dealing with our lonely, discontinuous being by using the "excessive" cosmic energy circulating through us to achieve continuity against death (Bataille). Two contemporary analytic thinkers are engaged who deal with the object-relational and intersubjective vicissitudes of excess. PMID:18430702

  9. Young Women, Sexuality and Protestant Church Community

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Sonya

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Although Christianity's clout on sexuality has generally declined in Britain due to secularization, contemporary conservative Protestantism continues to encourage a conventional construction of sexuality — sex is only for the context of heterosexual marriage. Qualitative interviews with 26 heterosexual women and two lesbian women on how their Protestant church involvement impacted their sexuality revealed the pervasive discourse of a marital-confined sexuality and partic...

  10. Sexual harassment in a male dominated workplace

    OpenAIRE

    Haas, Stans

    2009-01-01

    In 2000 workplace harassment was studied in the Dutch police force. In 2006 a similar study was conducted in the police force and also in the Dutch army. These studies provide insight into the relation between male dominance and sexual harassment, into the association between sexual harassment and health, and into the impact of policies against sexual harassment. It is shown that women who work in a predominantly male environment, are at risk of sexual harassment. This is mediated by the pres...

  11. The Effect of Sexual Activity on Wages

    OpenAIRE

    Drydakis, Nick

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to estimate whether sexual activity is associated with wages, and also to estimate potential interactions between individuals' characteristics, wages and sexual activity. The central hypothesis behind this research is that sexual activity, like health indicators and mental well-being, may be thought of as part of an individual's set of productive traits that affect wages. Using two stage estimations we examine the relationship between adult sexual activity and wag...

  12. Orientación sexual en estudiantes adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Cortés Alfaro

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio descriptivo transversal en estudiantes adolescentes vinculados al sistema nacional de enseñanza de Ciudad de La Habana, con el objetivo de explorar su orientación sexual y edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, para en un segundo tiempo trazar estrategias de prevención de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS-VIH/SIDA, en esta población vulnerable y expuesta. El instrumento de recogida de la información lo constituyó una entrevista, estructurada y elaborada para estos fines. Previa a su realización se adiestró al personal especializado y se realizó un pilotaje que nos permitió realizar algunos ajustes. Se encontró asociación significativa entre el sexo y la conducta sexual en los estudiantes de tecnológicos, y existieron mayores porcentajes de la conducta heterosexual. Se aprecia un predominio de homosexuales y bisexuales en el sexo masculino. La media de edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales fue de 12.8 años en el grupo de estudiantes del sexo masculino de secundaria básicaA descriptive crosswise study of adolescent students within the National Education System in the City of Havana was performed to find out their sex knowledge and their initiation age of sex relations so that sexually-transmitted diseases (STD, HIV/AIDS prevention strategies for this vulnerable and exposed group may be drawn-up in a second phase. The data collection way was a survey prepared and structured for this end. Prior to the survey, an specialized staff was duly trained and a trial was conducted to make some adjustments. There have been found a significant linking between sex and sex behaviour in the technological school students and higher percentages of heterosexual behaviour. Homosexuals and bisexuals are observed to be predominant in males. The average initiation age of sex relations was 12.8 years in junior high school male students

  13. Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Alcántara Zavala

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limitaciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual.In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the particularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

  14. Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual / Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eva Alcántara, Zavala; Ana Amuchástegui, Herrera.

    Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limi [...] taciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual. Abstract in english In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the par [...] ticularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

  15. Educating for Character in the Sexual Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lickona, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Changes in American sexual behavior brought about by the sexual revolution have been linked to the breakdown of the family and other social ills. Because sex has profound consequences for self, others, and society, sex education is an important part of character education. Sexual abstinence before marriage is associated with better physical and…

  16. Fantasies and Exposure to Sexually Explicit Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malamuth, Neil M.; McIlwraith, Robert D.

    1988-01-01

    Reports a study focusing on the relationship between frequency of exposure to sexually explicit magazines and the frequency of sexual and hostile-aggressive fantasies. Finds no significant relationships for "Playboy" readers, but "Penthouse" readership was best predicted by the interaction of sexual and hostile fantasies. (MS)

  17. Sexual Attitude Reassessment for Psychiatric Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincin, Jerry; Wise, Shirley

    1979-01-01

    Sexuality programs are one part of the program at Thresholds, a rehabilitation center for psychiatric patients (17 to 50 years old). A 16 week sexuality group includes seven phases: initial interview; beginning group development (health care, contraception, reproduction, sexuality); masturbation; intercourse; homosexuality; coed group discussion;…

  18. Sexual Coercion among Adolescents: Victims and Perpetrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacasse, Anne; Mendelson, Morton J.

    2007-01-01

    Adolescence is a transitional period when the pressure to engage in romantic and sexual relationships can leave teenagers feeling confused and at risk for sexual coercion. Our studies investigated characteristics of male and female perpetrators and victims of peer sexual coercion, focusing on self-esteem, sexist attitudes, and involvement in…

  19. Adolescent Sexuality in a Changing American Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chilman, Catherine S.

    All aspects of adolescent sexuality may be viewed as primarily sexual. The primary fact about adolescence is that the young person becomes capable of reproduction. Biological changes interact with psychological ones; the cognitive, motivational, social and emotional aspects are all directed toward becoming a sexual human being. In adolescence,…

  20. Answering Their Questions about Human Sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stronck, David R.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses human sexuality education in light of goals of exemplary programs in biology. Defines and reviews support for sexuality education programs, examining one program goal (behavior change), opposition to sexuality education, and values clarification. Also identifies questions of interest to many adolescents, encouraging teachers to have…

  1. A sexual rights approach to addressing gender-based sexual violence among male prisoners in Malawi

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Godfrey D, Kangaude.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sexual violence and abuse in prison are largely ignored in Malawi. There has been some advocacy focusing on HIV and AIDS in prisons, and discussions about providing condoms to prisoners, but the issue of sexual violence has for the most part been ignored. However difficult or controversial the issue [...] of sexuality in prison might be, the government has a duty to protect prisoners from sexual violence. It is illusory to think that sexual violence in prisons may be controlled merely by repressing sexual activity. This article suggests that the best way to respond to sexual violence in prison is to follow the expert counsel of the Technical Consultation on Sexual Health convened by the World Health Organisation and World Association of Sexology in 2002. The Consultation suggested that to achieve sexual health, sexuality and sexual relationships should be approached positively and respectfully. Further, the sexual rights of every person must be protected. Sexual rights are already recognised in national laws and policies, international human rights instruments and consensus documents. They include the right of persons to be free from coercion, discrimination and violence in their sexual relationships. Malawi has a panoply of laws and policies designed to advance sexual health and curb gender-based violence, including the Gender Equality Act, the National Policy on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and sexual offences legislation. In order to end sexual violence and abuse in prisons, these laws and policies must be applied to and implemented in prison. Moreover, these laws and policies must reflect a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, including those among prisoners.

  2. Sexual Desire and Linguistic Analysis: A Comparison of Sexually-Abused and Non-Abused Women

    OpenAIRE

    Rellini, Alessandra H.; Meston, Cindy M.

    2007-01-01

    Although studies have identified a relationship between a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) and problems with hypoactive sexual desire, little is known about the potential cognitive and affective mechanisms involved in the sexual desire of women with a history of CSA. In this study, 27 women with a history of CSA and 22 women with no history of abuse were asked to write about sexual and non sexual topics. The Linguistic Inquiry Word Count software program was used to compute the percentage ...

  3. Sexual Subjectivity, Relationship Status and Quality, and Same-sex Sexual Experience among Emerging Adult Females

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Aude Boislard P.; Zimmer-gembeck, Melanie J.

    2011-01-01

    Sexual subjectivity (SS) includes sexual body-esteem, entitlement to self-pleasure and pleasure from a partner,sexual self-efficacy, and reflection about sexual behavior. The objectives of this study were to examine iffemales' SS was associated with their romantic experience, including status, length, quality, and same-sex sexualexperience. Participants were 251 females with a mean age of 19.6 years. In simple group comparisons, femaleswith steady partners were higher in sexual body esteem, ...

  4. Scaling sexual behavior or “sexual risk propensity” among men at risk for HIV in Kisumu, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Cl, Mattson; D, Campbell; G, Karabatsos; K, Agot; Jo, Ndinya-achola; S, Moses; Rc, Bailey

    2008-01-01

    We present a scale to measure sexual risk behavior or “sexual risk propensity” to evaluate risk compensation among men engaged in a randomized clinical trial of male circumcision. This statistical approach can be used to represent each respondent's level of sexual risk behavior as the sum of his responses on multiple dichotomous and rating scale (i.e. ordinal) items. This summary “score” can be used to summarize information on many sexual behaviors or to evaluate changes in sexual beh...

  5. Attention bias for sexual words in females with low sexual functioning: A brief report

    OpenAIRE

    Beard, Courtney; Amir, Nader

    2010-01-01

    Attention bias (i.e., tendency to selectively attend to disorder-relevant stimuli) has been associated with numerous emotional disorders, but few studies have examined attention bias in the context of sexual problems. The current study tested the hypothesis that females with low sexual functioning show an attention bias toward sexual stimuli compared to females with high sexual functioning. We assessed attention bias using a modified probe detection task using sexual and neutral words. Female...

  6. Effect of Sexual Education on Sexual Health in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnam, Farnaz; Pakgohar, Minoo; Mirmohamadali, Mandana; Mahmoodi, Mahmood

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a special sex education program in sexual health on Iranian newly-wed couples. A sample of 64 couples referred to three health centers of Tehran Medicine University, a few months prior to their marriage, were divided into case and control groups. The case group received three lecture sessions…

  7. Child sexual abuse: relationship between sexual acts and genital findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muram, D

    1989-01-01

    A comparison was made between the findings observed during the examination of female victims of sexual abuse with the sexual acts to which the perpetrator confessed to have performed. In Shelby County, TN, during the calendar years 1985-1987, 30 individuals confessed to have sexually assaulted 31 girls. The mean age of the girls was 9.1 years, and that of the offenders was 30 years. In 18 of the 31 cases the offender admitted to vaginal penetration. Specific findings were observed in 11 of these 18 (61%) girls, compared with only 3 of 13 (23%) girls when penetration was denied. Although specific findings were more commonly observed when the perpetrator admitted to vaginal penetration, in 7 of 18 girls (39%) the examiner described normal appearing genitalia (n = 2), or nonspecific abnormalities only (n = 5). The author concludes that all complaints of sexual abuse must be considered potentially valid and should be investigated further, even if the physical examination fails to detect any abnormalities. PMID:2743181

  8. Salud sexual y envejecimiento / Sexual health and aging

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luisa, Álvarez Vázquez; Aida, Rodríguez Cabrera; Nelli, Salomón Avich.

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El proceso de cambio de la población es continuo y permanente, en otras épocas la evolución de la estructura de la población era lento, pero en la actualidad se han producido movimientos muy rápidos debido al efecto acelerado del descenso de la fecundidad y el aumento de la esperanza de vida, que ha [...] ce que muchos países, como es el caso de Cuba, muestren una población con un importante peso en los mayores de 60 años. En 1994 quedó plasmada por los organismos internacionales y aceptada por los países una nueva concepción sobre la salud reproductiva, la cual unida a la evolución de la población llama a nuevas consideraciones sobre las percepciones y comportamientos de la sexualidad en el adulto mayor. Es preciso valorar de manera consecuente en este grupo las formas de sentir y actuar y las consecuencias sobre su salud sexual, aspectos que adquieren una gran significación en la actualidad. El presente trabajo brinda algunos elementos sobre la salud sexual en las personas de 60 años y más, lo que permite reflexionar sobre su comportamiento sexual y contribuir a que haya una adecuada valoración sobre estos aspectos vitales en las personas de este grupo de edad. Abstract in english The process of changes in the population is continuos and permanent. In previous times, the evolution of the populational structure was slow, but at present, very fast movements have occured as a result of the accelerated impact of decreased fertility and increased life expectancy, which has given r [...] ise to an important population section over 60 years of age existing in many countries like Cuba. In 1994, a new concept on reproductive health took shape at international bodies and was accepted by many nations worldwide; this concept together with the population development calls for new considerations about the perceptions and behaviors of the elderly´s sexuality. Consequently, it is necessary to assess the ways of feeling and acting by this group and also their effects on sexual health, a topic of great significance at the present time. Some interesting elements on the sexual health of the people aged 60 years and over were provided; this made it possible to make reflections on the current sexual behavior of the elders and to contribute to an accurate assessment of these aspects.

  9. HIV transmissions by stage in dynamic sexual partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong-Hoon; Koopman, James S

    2012-04-01

    Most models assessing relative transmissions during different progressive stages of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection assume that infections are transmitted through instantaneous sexual contacts. In reality, however, HIV will often be transmitted through repeated sex acts during partnerships that form and dissolve at varying rates. We sought to understand how dynamic sexual partnerships would influence transmissions during different progression stages of HIV infection: primary HIV infection (PHI) and chronic stage. Using a system of ordinary differential equations with a pair approximation technique, we constructed a model of HIV transmission in a homogeneous population in which sexual partnerships form and dissolve. We derived analytical expressions for useful epidemiological quantities such as basic reproduction number and also did simulation runs of the model. Partnership dynamics strongly influence transmissions during progressive stages of HIV infection. The fraction of transmissions during PHI has a U-shaped relationship with respect to the rate of partnership change, where the minimum and maximum occur given partnerships of about 100 days and fixed partnerships, respectively. Models that assume instantaneous contacts may overestimate transmissions during PHI for real, dynamic sexual partnerships with varying (non-zero) durations. PMID:22261263

  10. The sexual cascade and the rise of pre-ejaculatory (Darwinian) sexual selection, sex roles, and sexual conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Geoff A

    2014-10-01

    After brief historic overviews of sexual selection and sexual conflict, I argue that pre-ejaculatory sexual selection (the form of sexual selection discussed by Darwin) arose at a late stage in an inevitable succession of transitions flowing from the early evolution of syngamy to the evolution of copulation and sex roles. If certain conditions were met, this "sexual cascade" progressed inevitably, if not, sexual strategy remained fixed at a given stage. Prolonged evolutionary history of intense sperm competition/selection under external fertilization preceded the rise of advanced mobility, which generated pre-ejaculatory sexual selection, followed on land by internal fertilization and reduced sperm competition in the form of postcopulatory sexual selection. I develop a prospective model of the early evolution of mobility, which, as Darwin realized, was the catalyst for pre-ejaculatory sexual selection. Stages in the cascade should be regarded as consequential rather than separate phenomena and, as such, invalidate much current opposition to Darwin-Bateman sex roles. Potential for sexual conflict occurs throughout, greatly increasing later in the cascade, reaching its peak under precopulatory sexual selection when sex roles become highly differentiated. PMID:25147177

  11. Gender similarities and differences in sexual arousal, desire, and orgasmic pleasure in the laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paterson, Laurel Q P; Jin, Ellie Shuo; Amsel, Rhonda; Binik, Yitzchak M

    2014-01-01

    Relatively little is known about gender differences in the orgasm experience. The objectives of this study were to compare men's and women's patterns of sexual arousal and desire before and after orgasm, and the predictors of their orgasmic pleasure. Using their typical technique, where masturbation enjoyment was similar to that experienced at home, 38 men and 38 women masturbated to orgasm in the laboratory. Physiological sexual arousal (genital temperature) and subjective sexual arousal and desire measurements were taken at baseline, after masturbation almost to orgasm, and immediately and 15 minutes after orgasm. In both genders, all measures increased significantly during masturbation, with a greater buildup leading to a more pleasurable orgasm. After orgasm, however, sexual arousal and desire decreased more quickly and consistently in men than in women, thereby replicating Masters and Johnson's (1966) observations. More men than women exhibited resolution of subjective sexual arousal and sexual satiation; their genital temperature also decreased more than women's but did not return to baseline. Women's orgasmic pleasure was related to a postorgasmic decrease in genital temperature but, unexpectedly, the maintenance of subjective sexual arousal and desire. Future studies should explore whether this pattern explains gender differences in the pursuit of additional orgasms. PMID:24588445

  12. Influence of the menopause in the sexual standard: opinion of women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosália Teixeira de Araújo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we objectify: to inquire the physiological modifications of the menopause that influence the sexual standard of the woman; to know if the frequency of the sexual activity changed the menopause after and to investigate the factors aggravations or extenuating circumstances in the sexual life during this phase. One is about a study of quanti-qualitative nature, had as scene the Center of Health Almerinda Lomanto, having as informing 16 women. The data had been collected using the form. The data had been submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content of Bardin, of where categories and subcategorias had emerged: Changes observed in the sexual relationship after the menopause (Reduction of the libido, Incompreensão of the friend, did not have alteration, positive Change; Reasons that had favored the changes (physiological Alterations in the sexual act, menorragia Chronic headache nauseas fogacho/, Lack or psychological reduction of the pleasure, Alterations. We conclude that during the climatério and after the menopause, can occur physiological modifications that influence the standard of the sexual act, fits professional we while of health, to search to promote attitudes and behaviors that aim at the disruption of myths and taboos and the promotion of the sexual health.

  13. Sexuality for women with spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramp, Jackie D; Courtois, Frédérique J; Ditor, David S

    2015-01-01

    The authors conducted a review of the literature on women's sexuality after spinal cord injury, including studies from 1990 to 2011 retrieved from PubMed. Several facets of a woman's sexuality are negatively affected by after spinal cord injury, and consequently, sexual satisfaction has been shown to decrease, which also negatively affects quality of life. Neurogenic bladder is common after spinal cord injury, and the resulting urinary incontinence is a top therapeutic priority of this population. To improve sexual satisfaction and quality of life for women with spinal cord injury, future research needs to explore the effects of urinary incontinence on various aspects of sexuality. PMID:24325679

  14. Parenting and Adolescents' Sexual Initiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longmore, Monica A.; Eng, Abbey L.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Manning, Wendy D.

    2009-01-01

    This study draws on social control and social learning theories to examine the role of dating-specific attitudes and practices as predictors of adolescents' sexual initiation. We include attention to the adolescent's reaction to control attempts as a further means of assessing family dynamics (i.e., frequency of dating disagreements). The study…

  15. Sexual and Fertility Problems (Women)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many cancer treatments and some types of cancer can cause sexual and fertility-related side effects. Whether or not you have these problems depends on factors such as the type of treatment(s) you receive, your age at time of treatment, and the length of time since treatment.

  16. Sexual Misconduct by School Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mawdsley, Ralph D.

    1992-01-01

    The recent United States Supreme Court decision in "Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools" highlights the additional risks facing school districts and employees under federal statutes and the common law as a result of sexual misconduct by school employees. The "Franklin" case illustrates that damages could be available to the student and that…

  17. Sexual Behavior of Drosophila suzukii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Revadi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A high reproductive potential is one reason for the rapid spread of Drosophila suzukii in Europe and in the United States. In order to identify mechanisms that mediate mating and reproduction in D. suzukii we studied the fly’s reproductive behavior, diurnal mating activity and sexual maturation. Furthermore, we studied the change of female cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs with age and conducted a preliminary investigation on the role of female-derived chemical signals in male mating behavior. Sexual behavior in D. suzukii is characterized by distinct elements of male courtship leading to female acceptance for mating. Time of day and age modulate D. suzukii mating activity. As with other drosophilids, female sexual maturity is paralleled by a quantitative increase in CHCs. Neither female CHCs nor other olfactory signals were required to induce male courtship, however, presence of those signals significantly increased male sexual behavior. With this pilot study we hope to stimulate research on the reproductive biology of D. suzukii, which is relevant for the development of pest management tools.

  18. Tobacco Use among Sexual Minorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Lawrence O.; Bowman, Lorenzo

    2014-01-01

    This chapter addresses tobacco use among sexual minorities. It examines research on the prevalence of tobacco use in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and discusses why tobacco use within this group continues to significantly exceed that of the general population.

  19. Sex therapy in a couple with learning disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, Dm; Toplis, L.; Espie, Ca

    1999-01-01

    Despite greater emphasis in the last decade on sex education programmes for young people who have learning disabilities, there are few reports of sexual counselling or sex therapy. This case study discusses a married couple who had been married for seven months and who had been together for the previous year. Sexual intercourse had only been achieved on two occasions. This was too low in frequency for both partners. No other problems, such as lack of time in foreplay or insufficient enjoyment...

  20. Sexuality After Breast Cancer: Need for Guideline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaziri Sh

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical experiences have revealed that patients with breast cancer experience various sexual problems following their treatment. Breast cancer negatively impacts the sexual life of the afflicted couples, and as a traumatic event can influence women’s psychosexual functioning and intimate relationship. This review focuses on sexuality after breast cancer and on a growing need for bio-psycho-social guidelines for breast cancer treatment. Methods: This study aims to review the literature on management, psychological outcomes and sexual dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. Results: Although the benefits of the current treatment strategies are well established, many cancer survivors are at risk for developing psycho physiological symptoms including sexual dysfunction. Cancer and treatment-related factors can influence sexual functioning. We review current treatment -related side effects on sexual functioning such as desire, arousal and orgasm in breast cancer patients. Despite the impact of medical treatment on survival of patients with breast cancer, no satisfactory steps have been taken towards improving sexual functioning of these patients. Conclusion: Breast cancer affects many aspects of sexuality, including changes in physical functioning and in the perception of feminity. Sexual dysfunction following breast cancer should be diagnosed and managed as a systematic approach with multidisciplinary inputs. Healthcare professionals should assess the effects of medical and surgical treatment on the sexuality of breast cancer survivors.

  1. Sexual culture of gypsy population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semerdjieva, M; Mateva, N; Dimitrov, I

    1998-01-01

    The number of the gypsy population in Bulgaria has increased with 85,419 persons for the period 1965-1992 that is higher than the prognosis made about a mean rate of increase of 2000 persons per year. The aim of the present study was to describe demographic changes and main problems of intrafamily planning of this population. The primary information was collected by the method of indirect individual inquiry as the opinion of 495 gypsy women at reproductive age was studied. Sexual behaviour of this ethnic group was analysed with the needs and social, economical and cultural status. The results have revealed particular patterns of the sexual behaviour about the beginning of early sexual relationships, use of modern contraceptive methods, number of abortions, etc. It should be noted that only about 61% from the gypsy women use any kind of contraceptive measures but irregularly. The mean number of abortions per woman was 2.41 and about 33% of women had undergone 3 and more abortions-on-demand. The low level of sexual culture and the lack of knowledge about the methods of contraception have led to early first births, high proportion of abortions-on-demand and high rate of increase of the population among gypsies. This may be explained by the life-style traditions of this ethnic group and their intention to the multi-child model of the family. We must emphasize the lack of modern information system for early warning, publicity and formation of sexual habits of this population. PMID:10205999

  2. Sexual side effects of SSRI medications: potential treatment strategies for SSRI-induced female sexual dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanaly, Kym A; Berman, Jennifer R

    2002-12-01

    Depression often coexists with sexual dysfunction, and the medical treatment of depression can further worsen sexual symptoms or cause de novo sexual dysfunction in a person who did not experience it prior to treatment. There are many drugs that can adversely affect sexual response. Among antidepressants, this effect is commonly observed with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). Various strategies for the treatment of SSRI-related sexual dysfunction have been studied, including: awaiting spontaneous remission of sexual dysfunction; reducing the dose of medication; taking a "drug holiday"; adding another drug to help reverse sexual symptoms; changing antidepressants; or initially starting with a different antidepressant that is known to have fewer or no sexual side effects. Overall, it is important to address sexual health when caring for a patient--to improve drug compliance and the patient's well being. PMID:12429073

  3. Comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual / Sexual behavior and biodemographic factors associated with sexually transmitted infections

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ruth, Pérez Villegas; Alejandra, Ceballos Morales; Mayli, Sanhueza V; Maríajose, Rebolledo M; María Graciela, González M; Víctor Hugo, Durán R.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 [...] sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV) 52 % y sífilis (25 %). CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STI [...] s, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV) 52% and syphilis (25%). CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.

  4. Comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual Sexual behavior and biodemographic factors associated with sexually transmitted infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Pérez Villegas

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV 52 % y sífilis (25 %. CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs. METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STIs, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV 52% and syphilis (25%. CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.

  5. The effect of comprehensive sexual education program on sexual health knowledge and sexual attitude among college students in southwest china.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Xinli; Hawk, Skyler T; Winter, Sam; Meeus, Wim

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a comprehensive sexual education program for college students in Southwest China (a) improved sexual health knowledge in reproduction, contraception, condom use, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV; (b) increased accepting attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual individuals; and (c) altered participants' attitudes toward premarital sex and monogamy. The program used diverse teaching methods, providing 6 sessions over a period of 9 weeks about sexual health knowledge and sexual attitudes to college students (age 18-26 years) in Southwest China. Sexual health knowledge and sexual attitudes of 80 comprehensive sexual education class students (education group) and 92 general mental health education class students (control group) were measured at baseline, the end of course (posttest), and 3 weeks after the end of course (follow-up). There were significant effects of the program on (a) sexual health knowledge, including reproductive health, contraception, condom use, and HIV/AIDS and (b) positive attitudes toward sexual minorities, although these changes may require further reinforcement. In contrast, the program did not alter students' attitudes about premarital sex or monogamy. The results are discussed in terms of recommendations of sex education in China and future directions for research. PMID:23417908

  6. Physical examination of sexual assault victims in Belgrade area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alempijevi? ?or?e

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Sexual crimes represent various forms of contact of perpetrator’s genitals, lips, tongue, and fingers with genitals, lips and/or anus of the victim, in order to achieve sexual satisfaction, without victim’s consent. Objective: The aim of this work was to analyze the type of medical institution in which victims of sexual assaults are being examined in Belgrade area, to assess the quality of these examinations and medical records, as well as to control whether standardized protocols are followed. Method: Data were obtained through analysis of 113 cases of sexual assaults prosecuted in the District Court of Belgrade. Results: All victims were females with mean age of 24.1 years. The majority of victims (85% were examined in one medical institution, most often in the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center of Serbia, and only by one medical doctor (81.4%. Gynecologists were most frequently included in examination, while specialists of forensic medicine were engaged in only 9 cases (7.9%. In 84% of victims, the examination was performed during the first three days after the assault, and in 52% of cases on the first day. Standard techniques of clinical and gynecological examinations were applied only, without following any protocols, so the reports were made exclusively on individual basis. In no case an informed consent by victim was obtained before examination. Anamnestic data were collected in only 15.9% of cases, and they were generally incomplete. Conclusion: The results of investigation show that the quality of examination of sexual assault victims in Belgrade area is not adequate. Therefore, such negative practice should be changed in future through introduction of standardized protocols for examination of victims, as well as development of clinical forensic medicine.

  7. Medfly populations differ in diel and age patterns of sexual signalling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamantidis, Alexandros D; Papadopoulos, Nikos T; Carey, James R

    2008-09-01

    Insect populations may differ in several life history traits, including behavioural ones such as sexual signalling. We tested whether male Mediterranean fruit fly (medlfy), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations obtained from geographically isolated areas exhibit differences in quantitative and qualitative aspects of male sexual signalling. Male sexual signalling was studied in four medfly populations (originating from Brazil, Portugal, Kenya, and Greece) under identical laboratory conditions (25 °C, 60% r.h., and L14:D10). The four populations had been reared for one generation in the laboratory. Sexual signalling was studied in the F(1) progeny that were fed one of two diets (yeast hydrolysate plus sugar or sugar only). On both diets, the four populations differed significantly in the progress of maturity (indicated by the average number of males exhibiting sexual signalling) and in the quantity of signalling after attaining maturity. Yeast availability significantly increased sexual signalling; however, it had a different impact on the quantity of signalling in the different populations. A bimodal pattern of sexual signalling, with one peak at approximately 08:00-09:00 hours and the second at approximately 13:00-14:00 hours, was recorded for all populations and diets. However, quantitative differences among the populations within the 'sexually active' period of the day resulted in significant differences in the daily pattern of sexual signalling. The significance of these findings for understanding adaptations of geographically-isolated medfly populations to different ecosystems, as well as its practical importance for the application of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against C. capitata, is discussed. PMID:19774092

  8. Intimate partner violence after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Roumayne Fernandes Vieira; Araújo, Maria Alix Leite; Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza; Reis, Cláudia Bastos Silveira; Miranda, Angélica Espinosa

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases. METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fortaleza, CE, Northeastern Brazil, in 2012 and involved 221 individuals (40.3% male and 59.7% female) attended to at reference health care units for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Data were collected using a questionnaire applied during interviews with each participant. A multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model was conducted using the stepwise technique. Only the variables with a p value < 0.05 were included in the adjusted analysis. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the measure of effect. RESULTS A total of 30.3% of the participants reported experiencing some type of violence (27.6%, psychological; 5.9%, physical; and 7.2%, sexual) after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease. In the multivariate analysis adjusted to assess intimate partner violence after the revelation of the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases, the following variables remained statistically significant: extramarital relations (OR = 3.72; 95%CI 1.91;7.26; p = 0.000), alcohol consumption by the partner (OR = 2.16; 95%CI 1.08;4.33; p = 0.026), history of violence prior to diagnosis (OR = 2.87; 95%CI 1.44;5.69; p = 0.003), and fear of disclosing the diagnosis to the partner (OR = 2.66; 95%CI 1.32;5.32; p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Individuals who had extramarital relations, experienced violence prior to the diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease, feared disclosing the diagnosis to the partner, and those whose partner consumed alcohol had an increased likelihood of suffering violence. The high prevalence of intimate partner violence suggests that this population is vulnerable and therefore intervention efforts should be directed to them. Referral health care services for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases can be strategic places to identify and prevent intimate partner violence. PMID:25741656

  9. PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinara Sacomori

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC - Brasil. Método: Investigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; pBackground: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC - Brazil. Method: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC, Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test. Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p<0.001, as well as the self-masturbation practices (Cochran's Q=9.42; p=0.024, to be masturbated (Cochran's Q=31.04; p <0.001, to masturbate the partner (Cochran's Q=14.39; p=0.002, felation (Cochran's Q=25.84; p<0.001, cunilingus (Cochran's Q=30.70; p<0.001, mutual oral sex (Cochran's Q=36.37; p<0.001 and anal sex (Cochran's Q=25.59; p <0.001. None of the participants made use of vibrator as a sex toy. Conclusions: the gestational period affects significantly the proportions of accomplishment of the sexual practices, while the variations of the results in this study re-gards to other studies can be credited to the cultural diversity.

  10. Sexual health for people living with HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Kathy; Ray, Sunanda

    2007-05-01

    Sexual health is defined in terms of well-being, but is challenged by the social, cultural and economic realities faced by women and men with HIV. A sexual rights approach puts women and men with HIV in charge of their sexual health. Accurate, accessible information to make informed choices and safe, pleasurable sexual relationships possible is best delivered through peer education and health professionals trained in empathetic approaches to sensitive issues. Young people with HIV especially need appropriate sex education and support for dealing with sexuality and self-identity with HIV. Women and men with HIV need condoms, appropriate services for sexually transmitted infections, sexual dysfunction and management of cervical and anogenital cancers. Interventions based on positive prevention, that combine protection of personal health with avoiding HIV/STI transmission to partners, are recommended. HIV counselling following a positive test has increased condom use and decreased coercive sex and outside sexual contacts among discordant couples. HIV treatment and care have reduced stigma and increased uptake of HIV testing and disclosure of positive status to partners. High adherence to antiretroviral therapy and safer sexual behaviour must go hand-in-hand. Sexual health services have worked with peer educators and volunteer groups to reach those at higher risk, such as sex workers. Technological advances in diagnosis of STIs, microbicide development and screening and vaccination for human papillomavirus must be available in developing countries and for those with the highest need globally. PMID:17531749

  11. Synaesthesia and Sexuality: The influence of synaesthetic perceptions on sexual experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MarkusZedler

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Synaesthesia is a phenomenon in which a certain stimulus induces a concurrent sensory perception; it has an estimated prevalence of 4 %. Sexual arousal as an inducer for synaesthetic perceptions is rarely mentioned in the literature but can be found sometimes in case reports about subjective orgasmic experiences. Aims. To examine whether synaesthetic perceptions during sexual intercourse have an impact on the sexual experience and the extent of sexual trance compared to non-synaesthetes. Methods. In total, 19 synaesthetes with sexual forms of synaesthesia (17 female; 2 male were included as well as corresponding control data of 36 non-synaesthetic subjects (n = 55. Two questionnaires were used to assess relevant aspects of sexual function and dysfunction (a German adaption of the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning, KFSP as well as the occurrence and extent of sexual trance (german version of the Altered States of Consciousness Questionnaire, OAVAV. Additionally qualitative interviews were conducted in some subjects to further explore the nature of sexual experiences in synaesthetes. Main Outcome Measures. Sexual experience and extent of sexual trance during intercourse. Results. Synaesthetes depicted significantly better overall sexual function on the KFSP with increased scores for the subscale “sexual appetence” but coevally significant lower subscale scores for “sexual satisfaction”. Sexual dysfunction was not detected in this sample. Synaesthetes depicted significantly higher levels of the subscales “oceanic boundlessness” and “visionary restructuralization” than controls using the OAVAV. Qualitative interviews revealed varying synaesthetic perceptions during the different states of arousal. Furthermore, synaesthetes reported an unsatisfactory feeling of isolation caused by the idiosyncratic perceptions. Conclusions. Synaesthetes with sexual forms of synaesthesia seem to experience a deeper state of sexual trance without, however,

  12. Subjective Sexual Experiences of Behaviorally Bisexual Men in the Midwestern United States: Sexual Attraction, Sexual Behaviors, & Condom Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnarrs, Phillip W.; Dodge, Brian; Reece, Michael; Goncalves, Gabriel; Martinez, Omar; Van Der Pol, Barbara; Malebranche, David; Murray, Maresa; Nix, Ryan; Fortenberry, J. Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Studies concerning behaviorally bisexual men continue to focus on understanding sexual risk in according to a narrow range of sexual behaviors. Few studies have explored the subjective meanings and experiences related to bisexual men’s sexual behaviors with both male and female partners. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 75 men who engaged in bisexual behavior within the past six months. Participants were asked about their subjective sexual experiences with male and female partners. Findings suggest adherence to normative gender roles, with attraction to men and women conforming to these stereotypes, as well as a segregation of sexual behaviors along gendered lines. Overall, condom use was influenced by perceptions of potential negative consequences. Based on these findings, it remains critical that public health and other social and behavioral sciences continue to study bisexual men’s sexual health issues as separate and distinct from their exclusively homosexual and heterosexual counterparts. PMID:22745592

  13. Traumatic childhood sexual events and secondary sexual health complaints in neurotic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soba?ski, Jerzy A

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Assessment of the association between self-reported sexual complaints and recalled childhood sexual adversities in a sample of psychotherapy patients.Material and methods. Coexistence of memories concerning traumatic events and minor sexual adversities and the currently present symptoms were analyzed on the basis of KO”0” Symptom Checklist andLife Inventory completed prior to treatment in the day hospital for neurotic disorders. Questionnaires from 3929 psychotherapy patients were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed on biographical and symptom items. Odds ratios for men and women were determined separately.Results. Associations between sexual adverse events, and current sexual health complaints, as estimated by OR coefficients, showed to be statistically significant. In the subgroups of patients who reported two categories of sexual adversities e.g. were both punished for masturbation and were not educated about sex, the risk of sexual complaints was further increased.Discussion. Both self-reported traumatic sexual events and sexual problems are quite common in the patient population and are strongly associated. Our study has replicated other’s findings in a large sample of outpatients suffering from neurotic disorders.Conclusions. Deficits in sex education, the trauma of incest, punishment for sexual play or masturbation, or too early or unwanted sexual initiation, are important risk factors of sexual symptoms accompanying neurotic syndromes. Results strongly suggest that studies focusing on the effects of sexual traumatic events should take into consideration the co-occurrence of multiple adversities.

  14. Diversidad sexual, salud y ciudadanía / Sexual diversity, health and citizenship

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos F., Cáceres; Víctor A., Talavera; Rafael, Mazín Reynoso.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las orientaciones sexuales no heterosexuales dejaron de ser consideradas como patológicas por la Asociación Psiquiátrica Americana en 1973 y por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en 1990. Sin embargo, en opinión de los autores, en América Latina estos cambios no se han traducido ni en una atención [...] en salud inclusiva ni en el reconocimiento como ciudadanos plenos de las personas no heterosexuales. Este documento tiene como propósito brindar un panorama teórico referente a sexualidad, proponiendo condiciones apropiadas que permitan encarar exitosamente los desafíos que se presentan. Así, se expone el papel regulador que ejerce la medicina sobre la sexualidad, hecho que ha generado reacciones tanto académicas como políticas. Se señala el progresivo cambio dado en las ciencias médicas: desde considerar patológica la sexualidad no heterosexual hasta ofrecerle, al menos en teoría, inclusión. Se describen los impactos negativos que un ambiente social adverso genera en un individuo. Finalmente, se proponen acciones concretas a tomar para brindar mejores servicios de salud a las y los ciudadanos no heterosexuales. Abstract in english Non-heterosexual sexual orientations are no longer considered pathological by the American Psychiatric Association since 1973 and the World Health Organization since 1990. However, to many authors, these changes in Latin America have not been translated into an inclusive healthcare provision or the [...] recognition of non-heterosexual citizens with full rights. The purpose of this document is to provide a theoretical view regarding sexuality, proposing proper conditions that allow to successfully facing arising challenges. Thus, the regulating role of medicine over sexuality has been exposed, which has led to both academic and political reactions. The progressive change given in medical science has been pointed out: from considering non-heterosexual sexuality to be pathological to offering, in theory at least, inclusion. The negative impacts of what an adverse social environment causes to an individual are described. Finally, specific actions are proposed to provide better health services to non-heterosexual citizens.

  15. Sexual recombination in Aspergillus tubingensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olarte, Rodrigo A; Horn, Bruce W; Singh, Rakhi; Carbone, Ignazio

    2015-01-01

    Aspergillus tubingensis from section Nigri (black Aspergilli) is closely related to A. niger and is used extensively in the industrial production of enzymes and organic acids. We recently discovered sexual reproduction in A. tubingensis, and in this study we demonstrate that the progeny are products of meiosis. Progeny were obtained from six crosses involving five MAT1-1 strains and two MAT1-2 strains. We examined three loci, including mating type (MAT), RNA polymerase II (RPB2) and ?-tubulin (BT2), and found that 84% (58/69) of progeny were recombinants. Recombination associated with sexual reproduction in A. tubingensis provides a new option for the genetic improvement of industrial strains for enzyme and organic acid production. PMID:25572097

  16. Sexual Dysfunction in Epileptic Men

    OpenAIRE

    Ala Emamzadeh; Alipasha Meysamie; Amirhossein Orandi; Mahmood Motamedi; Mohammadreza Nikoobakht

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sexual dysfunction among epileptic patients. Materials and Methods: Eighty married men between 22 and 50 years with a confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy were enrolled in this study. Patients with other neurological diseases, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, underlying urogenital diseases, and impaired general health status were excluded. Furthermore, those with mental health problems were identified...

  17. Sexual differentiation in fission yeast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egel, R; Nielsen, O

    1990-01-01

    The regulation of sexual reproduction in yeast constitutes the highest level of differentiation observed in these unicellular organisms. The various ramifications of this system involve DNA rearrangement, transcriptional control, post-translational modification (such as protein phosphorylation) and receptor/signal processing. A few basic similarities are common to both fission and budding yeasts. The wiring of the regulatory circuitry, however, varies considerably between these divergent yeast groups.

  18. Respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marien, Fernández Correa; José, Urdaneta Machado; Sulay, Villalobos de Vega; Nasser, Baabel Zambrano; Gustavo, Valbuena; Alfi, Contreras Benítez.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el ju [...] icio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94). Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas naturales se ubicaron en las categorías alta o moderada; mientras que en las histerectomizadas en moderada o baja. En el orgasmo, los indicadores analizados se encontraron en iguales categorías, salvo el indicador tipos de estimulación que resultó alto en las que presentaron menopausia natural y bajo en las quirúrgicas. Por su parte, en las fases de meseta y resolución los indicadores se mostraron en categorías similares. Conclusión: Existen diferencias significativas en las fases de excitación y orgasmo entre ambos grupos, reflejando en las mujeres que tuvieron una menopausia natural bienestar sexual, vida placentera y salud. Abstract in english Objective: To compare the sexual response in postmenopausal women according with the menopause type showed. Methods: One thousand twenty patients were studied, divided into two matched groups, which were assessed through a questionnaire comprising 46 items through a Lickert´s scale, validated by exp [...] ert opinion and the Cronbach alpha coefficient (0.94). Setting: “Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza” Maternity Center, Maracaibo Results: During the arousal phase, all indicators were located in the high or moderate category in natural menopausal, while in the hysterectomized women were moderate or low. In the orgasm phase, analyzed indicators were in same categories, although stimulation type in natural menopausal women was high and low in the hysterectomized. Meanwhile, in plateau and resolution phases, the indicators were showed in similar categories. Conclusions: There are significant differences in arousal and orgasm phases between the two groups reflecting in the natural menopausal sexual wellness, pleasant life and health.

  19. Respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marien Fernández Correa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el juicio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94. Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas naturales se ubicaron en las categorías alta o moderada; mientras que en las histerectomizadas en moderada o baja. En el orgasmo, los indicadores analizados se encontraron en iguales categorías, salvo el indicador tipos de estimulación que resultó alto en las que presentaron menopausia natural y bajo en las quirúrgicas. Por su parte, en las fases de meseta y resolución los indicadores se mostraron en categorías similares. Conclusión: Existen diferencias significativas en las fases de excitación y orgasmo entre ambos grupos, reflejando en las mujeres que tuvieron una menopausia natural bienestar sexual, vida placentera y salud.Objective: To compare the sexual response in postmenopausal women according with the menopause type showed. Methods: One thousand twenty patients were studied, divided into two matched groups, which were assessed through a questionnaire comprising 46 items through a Lickert´s scale, validated by expert opinion and the Cronbach alpha coefficient (0.94. Setting: “Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza” Maternity Center, Maracaibo Results: During the arousal phase, all indicators were located in the high or moderate category in natural menopausal, while in the hysterectomized women were moderate or low. In the orgasm phase, analyzed indicators were in same categories, although stimulation type in natural menopausal women was high and low in the hysterectomized. Meanwhile, in plateau and resolution phases, the indicators were showed in similar categories. Conclusions: There are significant differences in arousal and orgasm phases between the two groups reflecting in the natural menopausal sexual wellness, pleasant life and health.

  20. Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring

    OpenAIRE

    Weichselbaumer, Doris

    2000-01-01

    Little research has been done to examine discrimination against gays and lesbians in the labor market. Badgett (1995) conducted the only previous study investigating labor market outcomes of gays and lesbians using a random data set. However, due to the structure of the data, the wage differential between heterosexuals and gays and lesbians that is found can not be directly assigned to employer discrimination. Some gays and lesbians might deploy passing strategies to hide their sexual orienta...

  1. Sexual orientation, prejudice and segregation

    OpenAIRE

    Plug, Erik; Webbink, Dinand; Martin, Nicholas G.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines whether gay and lesbian workers sort into tolerant occupations. With information on sexual orientation, prejudice and occupational choice taken from Australian Twin Registers, we find that gays and lesbians shy away from prejudiced occupations. We show that our segregation results are largely driven by those gay and lesbian workers with disclosed identities, and robust to the inclusion of unobserved factors that are inherited and observed factors that strongly correlate wi...

  2. Immunodiagnosis of sexually transmitted disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Schachter, J.

    1985-01-01

    Methods for detecting microbial antigens in clinical specimens offer an alternative to culture in the diagnosis of some sexually transmitted diseases. Developers of the immunologic methods are faced with a number of problems in evaluating the new tests. Traditionally, these tests are compared to culture as the "gold standard." Unfortunately, culture for Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis--the two agents most commonly sought--is considerably less sensitive than 100 percent. Immunol...

  3. Multiple sclerosis and sexual dysfunction

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Zhen-ni; He, Si-yuan; Zhang, Hong-liang; Wu, Jiang; Yang, Yi

    2012-01-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system characterized by episodic and progressive neurologic dysfunction resulting from inflammatory and autoimmune reactions. The underlying pathogenesis of MS remains largely unclear. However, it is currently accepted as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Among other clinical manifestations, sexual dysfunction (SD) is a painful but still underreported and underdiagnosed symptom of the disorder....

  4. Ken?sis in sexuality

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    David T., Williams.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Recent decades have witnessed both a shift in sexual standards, and the loss of the Biblical authority which has traditionally motivated them. This has been the case even with Christians. It is therefore necessary to suggest a new motive for morality, especially in this area. A possibility is the id [...] ea of the imitation of Christ, adopting the principles on which he acted, which can be summed up as kenõsis, or self-limitation. Jesus was fundamentally limited through being incarnate; human beings are likewise limited, also with regard to their sexuality. Jesus adopted the practice of self-limitation, seen in his humility; Christians, in imitation of him, likewise should practise self-limitation. Indeed, the manifestation and practice of sexuality is fundamentally limited in any case by its very nature. If the principle of kenõsis is applied in the areas of marriage and divorce, and in related issues such as homosexuality or chastity, it serves to underpin what is a traditional set of practices in a way consistent with a Christian world-view.

  5. Estructura Familiar de Agresores Sexuales

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bismarck, Pinto; Siria, Aramayo.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Bolivia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish RESUMEN Se proporciona un abordaje sistémico de las familias de agresores sexuales. Se utilizaron entrevistas a profundidad realizadas a cinco personas recluidas en la cárcel por agresiones sexuales, los genogramas proporcionaron una información gráfica respecto a la conformación de las familias. Se [...] ha podido establecer el patrón principal de la estructura familiar de origen, encontrando un ambiente violento y de maltrato dentro de la dinámica familiar. Se observa en estas estructuras un predominio de relaciones desvinculadas entre sus miembros, triangulaciones relacionales entre los padres e hijos, incumplimiento de las funciones de los padres y una desvinculación imposible para los hijos entre otras variables. Abstract in english ABSTRACT This study employed interviews which were performed to five individuals with those crimes related to sexual attack, specifically with regard to rapes, these interviews provided us the necessary information about dynamic surrounding the family members and at the same time, the genogrammes pr [...] ovided graphical information regarding family members. As well, it is observed in these structures a big influence of the lack of association in the family members, triangulation systems between parents and children, the lack of parents' responsibilities and a dissociation which is impossible for children among the variables. This study let us locate important relations between violent and aggressive behavior and the relation between the individual and the mother.

  6. The effect of French television sexual program content on the recall of sexual and nonsexual advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnham, Adrian; Mainaud, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the impact of television program sexual content and explicit sexual advertisement content on memory for advertisements. Eighty-two French participants, aged 18 to 48 years, watched either a sexual program (Sex and the City) or a nonsexual program (Friends), with three sexual and three nonsexual adverts embedded within it. They then completed free- and cued-recall questionnaires testing their memory of the advertisements, as well as a gender identity scale. Overall, sexual advertisements were recalled (in free recall) better than nonsexual advertisements. Participants were found to recall adverts significantly better within the nonsexual program than within the sexual program. No interaction was found between program type and advertisement type: Sexual adverts were recalled better than nonsexual adverts within both programs. Males and females recalled sexual adverts equally, with no mediating effect of gender identity. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:20924942

  7. Adolescent sexual victimization : a prospective study on risk factors for first time sexual assault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bramsen, Rikke Holm; Lasgaard, Mathias

    2012-01-01

    The present study set out to investigate predictors of first time adolescent peer-on-peer sexual victimization (APSV) among 238 female Grade 9 students from 30 schools in Denmark. A prospective research design was utilized to examine the relationship among five potential predictors as measured at baseline and first time APSV during a 6-month period. Data analysis was a binary logistic regression analysis. Number of sexual partners and displaying sexual risk behaviors significantly predicted subsequent first time peer-on-peer sexual victimization, whereas a history of child sexual abuse, early sexual onset and failing to signal sexual boundaries did not. The present study identifies specific risk factors for first time sexual victimization that are potentially changeable. Thus, the results may inform prevention initiatives targeting initial experiences of APSV.

  8. The role of the sexual assault centre.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Eogan, Maeve

    2013-02-01

    Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence.

  9. The DSM diagnostic criteria for sexual sadism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Richard B

    2010-04-01

    I reviewed the empirical literature for 1900-2008 on the paraphilia of Sexual Sadism for the Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Workgroup for the forthcoming fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The results of this review were tabulated into a general summary of the criticisms relevant to the DSM diagnosis of Sexual Sadism, the assessment of Sexual Sadism utilizing the DSM in samples drawn from forensic populations, and the assessment of Sexual Sadism using the DSM in non-forensic populations. I conclude that the diagnosis of Sexual Sadism should be retained, that minimal modifications of the wording of this diagnosis are warranted, and that there is a need for the development of dimensional and structured diagnostic instruments. PMID:19997774

  10. Childhood Sexual Abuse as a Predictor of Adult Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Study of Couples Seeking Sex Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarwer, David B.; Durlak, Joseph A.

    1996-01-01

    A study of 359 married women who sought sex therapy with their spouses found a connection between adult female sexual dysfunction and childhood sexual abuse. Abuse involving sexual penetration was specifically associated with adult sexual dysfunction. Future research on additional variables that contribute to sexual dysfunction is urged. (CR)

  11. Impact of environment, stress, occupational, and other hazards on sexuality and sexual behavior.

    OpenAIRE

    Bancroft, J.

    1993-01-01

    Sexual health is important for general as well as reproductive health. The effects of the environment on sexual health are complex, however, because of the psychosomatic nature of human sexuality. The effects of any specific environmental agent on sexual function will therefore be modified or amplified by psychosocial factors, and any assessment of the effects of the agent will need to take those factors into account. As a consequence, we have little direct evidence of the adverse effects of ...

  12. Sexuality, Antisocial Behavior, Aggressiveness, and Victimization in Juvenile Sexual Offenders: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiebke Driemeyer

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present review focuses on six factors that have been addressed in the literature about juvenile sexual offenders: general delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, aggressiveness and psychopathology, sexuality, sexual deviance, and victimization experiences. Empirical findings are characterized by great heterogeneity. Due to a lack of standardized assessment and because of different study groups they rarely facilitate direct comparisons. In an endeavor to clarify this vast heterogeneity, the purpose of this overview is to enlighten actual findings about these factors and on the role that has been assigned to them in the literature. Special attention is paid to comparison studies. A detailed description of the studies in tables2 allows for an overview of the results and an evaluation with respect to sample size, instruments, and type of study groups. The overview does not claim completeness; it is a narrative, none-systematic review3. In summary the review showed that in most cases, juvenile sexual offending cannot be understood as an expression of more general juvenile delinquency and - in contrast to other groups of juvenile delinquents - the sexual offenders report less non-sexual delinquent behavior. Alcohol and drug abuse have been reported less often as well, but they might play a more important role as situational factors. Externalizing problems apears more often in juvenile sexual offenders with peer/adult victims who are also non-sexually delinquent. Regarding sexuality, some studies indicate that juvenile sexual offenders are impaired in their sexual development, but they were rarely described as sexually isolated. Sexual deviance has been considered a risk factor for juvenile sexual offending, but the assessment of sexual deviance in juveniles has proven difficult. The prevalence of victimization experiences varies substantially and possible connections to sexual offending have proven complex. The interpretation of the results of most studies is compromised by a lack of data about non-delinquent juveniles. The review closes with explanations why some of the illustrated results vary substantially.

  13. The association of sexual interest and sexual behaviors among adolescent women: A daily diary perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Fortenberry, J. Dennis; Hensel, Devon J.

    2011-01-01

    Theoretical and empirical linkages of adult women’s sexual interest and sexual behaviors are relatively well-established, but few data address similar issues in adolescent women. This paper reviews data from published reports of associations of adolescent women’s sexual interest and various sexual behaviors. All of the papers reported data collected from a single longitudinal cohort of young women. The primary source of data collection was daily diaries, allowing close temporal pairing of...

  14. SIGNALING EFFICACY DRIVES THE EVOLUTION OF LARGER SEXUAL ORNAMENTS BY SEXUAL SELECTION

    OpenAIRE

    Tazzyman, S. J.; Iwasa, Y.; Pomiankowski, A.

    2013-01-01

    Why are there so few small secondary sexual characters? Theoretical models predict that sexual selection should lead to reduction as often as exaggeration, and yet we mainly associate secondary sexual ornaments with exaggerated features such as the peacock's tail. We review the literature on mate choice experiments for evidence of reduced sexual traits. This shows that reduced ornamentation is effectively impossible in certain types of ornamental traits (behavioral, pheromonal, or color-based...

  15. Sexual Health among Young Somali Women in Sweden: Living with Conflicting Culturally Determined Sexual Ideologies

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsdotter, Sara; Esse?n, Birgitta

    2004-01-01

    Young Somali women in Sweden are affected by two conflicting ideologies on sexuality: on the one hand, the traditional values demanding chastity and modesty in women and, on the other hand, the public sexual ideology in Sweden, emphasising sexual liberty and the dismissal of sexual taboos. In addition, they have to deal with national campaigns condemning “female genital mutilation”. Some of these young women arrived in Sweden already circumcised. The public message to them ...

  16. Modified technique in treating recurrent priapism: a technique report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei; Sun, Shu-Ben; Sun, Li-An; Guo, Jian-Ming; Wang, Guo-Min

    2015-01-01

    Recurrent ischemic priapism is a problem in clinical treatment. Most of the cases require more invasive surgery to shunt the blood stasis. We introduce a modified technique in treating recurrent ischemic priapism. The technique described is applied to acute ischaemic priapic episodes in patients with a history of stuttering priapism. It was carried out by a Winter's shunt combined with a continuous cavernosal irrigation system. Priapism was effectively resolved on the patients without recurrence. The four patients who received this treatment recovered most sexual function after 6 months follow-up. PMID:25578936

  17. Psychological characteristics of Irish clerical sexual offenders

    OpenAIRE

    Randall, Patrick; Carr, Alan; Dooley, Barbara A.; Rooney, Brendan

    2011-01-01

    Controlled studies suggest that clerical child sexual offenders may be better adjusted psychologically than their lay counterparts, although no studies of Irish clerical offenders have been reported. The aim of this study was to compare clerical and non-clerical sexual offenders with a normal control group, within an Irish context, on broad-band personality traits and narrow-band psychological characteristics that have been identified as risk factors for child sexual abuse. Thirty clerical me...

  18. Measuring Iranian women's sexual behaviors: Expert opinion

    OpenAIRE

    Ghorashi, Zohreh; Merghati-khoei, Effat; Yousefy, Alireza

    2014-01-01

    The cultural compatibility of sexually related instruments is problematic because the contexts from which the concepts and meanings were extracted may be significantly different from related contexts in a different society. This paper describes the instruments that have been used to assess sexual behaviors, primarily in Western contexts. Then, based on the instruments’ working definition of ‘sexual behavior’ and their theoretical frameworks, we will (1) discuss the applicability or cult...

  19. Sexual relationships in married dementia sufferers.

    OpenAIRE

    Ballard, Cg; Solis, M.; Gahir, M.; Cullen, P.; George, S.; Oyebode, F.; Wilcock, G.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of couples, one of whom suffers from dementia, continuing with a sexual relationship, their level of satisfaction with their sexual relationship and the associations of remaining sexually active. DESIGN: A survey of married couples enrolled in a prospective dementia study. SETTING: Psychiatric services and a memory clinic. SAMPLE: The partners of 47 married patients with mild to moderate dementia. MEASURES: The assessment included the GMS/HAS/SDS package...

  20. Sexuality research in India: An update

    OpenAIRE

    Prakash, Om; Rao, T. S. Sathyanarayana

    2010-01-01

    This review provides the available evidence on sexual dysfunctions in India. Most of the studies have concentrated on male sexual dysfunction and hardly a few have voiced the sexual problems in females. Erectile dysfunction (ED), premature ejaculation (PME) and combinations of ED and PME appear to be main dysfunctions reported in males. Dhat syndrome remains an important diagnosis reported in studies from North India. There is a paucity of literature on management issues with an emergent need...

  1. Shared Psychotic Disorder with Sexual Delusions

    OpenAIRE

    Lew-starowicz, Michal

    2012-01-01

    Shared psychotic disorder (SPD) is perceived as a relatively rare and poorly understood psychiatric phenomenon. Patients sharing sexual delusions may refer to sex therapists looking for treatment of an alleged sexual pathology. This might cause significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The aim of this article was to discuss diagnostic and management difficulties of SPD with special interest in patients sharing sexual delusions. PubMed selective search was provided for publications wi...

  2. LGBT sexualities in social care research

    OpenAIRE

    Price, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    People who transgress expected norms regarding gender and sexuality have always attracted attention from social scientists. Early sexuality research, in which sexualities that differed from the statistical norm were presented as perversion, travesty, sickness and sin, has, for the most part, yielded to a contemporary focus that explores the lived experiences and realities of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. This body of work has been underpinned by sometimes competing soc...

  3. Inmates' Cultural Beliefs about Sexual Violence and Their Relationship to Definitions of Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Shannon K.; Blackburn, Ashley G.; Marquart, James W.; Mullings, Janet L.

    2010-01-01

    Effective strategies aimed at prison sexual assault require inmates to possess the same definition of sexual assault as prison administrations. This article argues that prison culture is rape-supportive and inmates may not define sexual assault as such. After analyzing questionnaire responses given by male and female inmates in a large Southern…

  4. Sexual health for people with intellectual disability / Salud sexual para personas con discapacidad intelectual

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gillian, Eastgate.

    Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Las personas con discapacidad intelectual experimentan el mismo rango de necesidades y deseos sexuales que las demás, sin embargo éstas encuentran muchas dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades. En ocasiones se les desalienta de aliviar la tensión sexual mediante masturbación, corren un alto ri [...] esgo de sufrir abuso sexual y es muy probable que no se les ofrezcan todas las opciones de anticoncepción y exámenes de salud sexual. La escasa educación y el aislamiento social pueden aumentar el riesgo de que cometan infracciones sexuales. Sin embargo, con una educación apropiada y con un buen apoyo social las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden encontrar relaciones saludables y una expresión sexual segura y constructiva. Parte esencial de la asistencia a las personas con discapacidad intelectual consiste precisamente en proporcionarles dicho apoyo. Abstract in english People with intellectual disability experience the same range of sexual needs and desires as other people. However, they experience many difficulties meeting their needs. They may be discouraged from relieving sexual tension by masturbating. They face a high risk of sexual abuse. They are likely not [...] to be offered the full range of choices for contraception and sexual health screening. Poor education and social isolation may increase their risk of committing sexual offences. However, with appropriate education and good social support, people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships. Providing such support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability.

  5. Sexual health for people with intellectual disability / Salud sexual para personas con discapacidad intelectual

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gillian, Eastgate.

    Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in spanish Las personas con discapacidad intelectual experimentan el mismo rango de necesidades y deseos sexuales que las demás, sin embargo éstas encuentran muchas dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades. En ocasiones se les desalienta de aliviar la tensión sexual mediante masturbación, corren un alto ri [...] esgo de sufrir abuso sexual y es muy probable que no se les ofrezcan todas las opciones de anticoncepción y exámenes de salud sexual. La escasa educación y el aislamiento social pueden aumentar el riesgo de que cometan infracciones sexuales. Sin embargo, con una educación apropiada y con un buen apoyo social las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden encontrar relaciones saludables y una expresión sexual segura y constructiva. Parte esencial de la asistencia a las personas con discapacidad intelectual consiste precisamente en proporcionarles dicho apoyo. Abstract in english People with intellectual disability experience the same range of sexual needs and desires as other people. However, they experience many difficulties meeting their needs. They may be discouraged from relieving sexual tension by masturbating. They face a high risk of sexual abuse. They are likely not [...] to be offered the full range of choices for contraception and sexual health screening. Poor education and social isolation may increase their risk of committing sexual offences. However, with appropriate education and good social support, people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships. Providing such support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability.

  6. Sexual health for people with intellectual disability Salud sexual para personas con discapacidad intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillian Eastgate

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available People with intellectual disability experience the same range of sexual needs and desires as other people. However, they experience many difficulties meeting their needs. They may be discouraged from relieving sexual tension by masturbating. They face a high risk of sexual abuse. They are likely not to be offered the full range of choices for contraception and sexual health screening. Poor education and social isolation may increase their risk of committing sexual offences. However, with appropriate education and good social support, people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships. Providing such support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability.Las personas con discapacidad intelectual experimentan el mismo rango de necesidades y deseos sexuales que las demás, sin embargo éstas encuentran muchas dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades. En ocasiones se les desalienta de aliviar la tensión sexual mediante masturbación, corren un alto riesgo de sufrir abuso sexual y es muy probable que no se les ofrezcan todas las opciones de anticoncepción y exámenes de salud sexual. La escasa educación y el aislamiento social pueden aumentar el riesgo de que cometan infracciones sexuales. Sin embargo, con una educación apropiada y con un buen apoyo social las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden encontrar relaciones saludables y una expresión sexual segura y constructiva. Parte esencial de la asistencia a las personas con discapacidad intelectual consiste precisamente en proporcionarles dicho apoyo.

  7. For Whose Eyes Only? The Gatekeeping of Sexual Images in the Field of Teen Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chittenden, Tara

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the ways in which gatekeepers shape the field of teen sexuality by controlling access to sexual images. I question who decides whether an image is "appropriate" for young adults and how such judgements shape the wider cultural field. The ways in which gatekeepers have attempted to shield teens from certain sexual images…

  8. The Relationship between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Sexual Dysfunction in Jamaican Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaby, Antoneal N.; Morgan, Kai A. D.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the associations between early traumatic sexualization and later sexual dysfunction in a sample of 100 Jamaican adults while identifying the linkages between age, frequency of abuse, and gender on sexual functioning. Participants were selected via purposive and convenience sampling and divided equally into comparison and…

  9. Factors Associated with Sexual Behavior Problems in Young Sexually Abused Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Darlene Kordich; Mathews, Fred; Pearce, John

    1998-01-01

    Analysis of data from the clinical records of 100 sexually abused boys and girls, ages 3-7 years, identified five variables predictive of sexual behavior problems, including sexual arousal of the child during the abuse, perpetrator's use of sadism, a history of physical and emotional abuse, and who the child blames for the abuse. (DB)

  10. Sexual coercion and behavior among a sample of sexual minority women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satinsky, Sonya; Jozkowski, Kristen

    2014-01-01

    Sexual coercion may affect the sexual experiences of sexual minority women differently. Women (n=445) aged 18 to 71 years (Mean=30.38) answered an online survey on sexual orientation, lifetime coercion, and sexual history. Sexual minority women (45.8%, n=204) were more likely to report having been coerced into unwanted sexual behavior (56.5%) than heterosexual women (44.8 %; p=0.010). Coerced sexual minority women reported earlier ages of initiation into performing oral sex (p=0.016), penile-vaginal (p=0.024), and penile-anal (p=0.027) intercourse. In multiple logistic regression models, currently being in a partnered relationship was the sole factor related to lifetime engagement in penile-vaginal intercourse and receiving oral sex from partners. Having at least a graduate degree was the only characteristic related to engagement in lifetime penile-anal intercourse. Sexual coercion was not related to any lifetime sexual behavior outcomes. The nature of sexual initiation and coercion should be explored further among sexual minority women, with the goal of incorporating their experiences into prevention and treatment initiatives. PMID:24400673

  11. Informal Sexuality Education in Schools: Student Sexuality-Related Questions Asked of Public School Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Amanda; Reece, Michael; Legocki, Laurie; Murray, Maresa

    2007-01-01

    Sexuality education occurs both formally and informally in the public school system. This study sought to assess sexuality education in Indiana public schools--the classroom curricula as well as students' sexuality-related questions. Data were collected from teachers, nurses, and counselors (N = 399) pertaining to the inclusion of specific topics…

  12. Sexual Esteem in Emerging Adulthood: Associations with Sexual Behavior, Contraception Use, and Romantic Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maas, Megan K; Lefkowitz, Eva S

    2014-09-11

    Sexual esteem is an integral psychological aspect of sexual health (Snell & Papini, 1989 ), yet it is unclear whether sexual esteem is associated with sexual health behavior among heterosexual men and women. The current analysis used a normative framework for sexual development (Lefkowitz & Gillen, 2006 ; Tolman & McClelland, 2011 ) by examining the association of sexual esteem with sexual behavior, contraception use, and romantic relationship characteristics. Participants (N = 518; 56.0% female; mean age = 20.43 years; 26.8% identified as Hispanic/Latino; among non-Hispanic/Latinos, 27.2% of the full sample identified as European American, 22.4% Asian American, 14.9% African American, and 8.7% multiracial) completed Web-based surveys at a large Northeastern university. Participants who had oral sex more frequently, recently had more oral and penetrative sex partners (particularly for male participants), and spent more college semesters in romantic relationships tended to have higher sexual esteem than those who had sex less frequently, with fewer partners, or spent more semesters without romantic partners. Sexually active male emerging adults who never used contraception during recent penetrative sex tended to have higher sexual esteem than those who did use it, whereas female emerging adults who never used contraception tended to have lower sexual esteem than those who did use it. Implications of these results for the development of a healthy sexual self-concept in emerging adulthood are discussed. PMID:25210789

  13. HORMONES AND SEXUAL FUNCTIONING IN MENOPAUSAL TRANSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Co?ar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The relative contribution of hormones (androgens and estrogen to female sexuality and psychosocial status is controversial in menopausal transition. We compare the changes of hormonal and psychosocial factors in perimenopausal women with the changes of sexual function. Among DHEAS, FSH, LH, estradiol and free Testesterone (T, free T is the only variable that is significantly associated (P<0.05 with sexual satisfaction. Sexual functioning declines with the menopausal transition. Endogenous hormone levels except androgens do not seem to explain this decline.

  14. Sexual dysfunction in women with diabetic kidney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satta, Ersilia; Magno, Carlo; Galì, Alessandro; Inferrera, Antonino; Granese, Roberta; Aloisi, Carmela; Buemi, Michele; Bellinghieri, Guido; Santoro, Domenico

    2014-01-01

    Few studies address alteration of sexual function in women with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Quality of life surveys suggest that discussion of sexual function and other reproductive issues are of psychosocial assessment and that education on sexual function in the setting of chronic diseases such as diabetes and CKD is widely needed. Pharmacologic therapy with estrogen/progesterone and androgens along with glycemic control, correction of anemia, ensuring adequate dialysis delivery, and treatment of underlying depression are important. Changes in lifestyle such as smoking cessation, strength training, and aerobic exercises may decrease depression, enhance body image, and have positive impacts on sexuality. Many hormonal abnormalities which occur in women with diabetes and CKD who suffer from chronic anovulation and lack of progesterone secretion may be treated with oral progesterone at the end of each menstrual cycle to restore menstrual cycles. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most common sexual problem reported by women with diabetes and CKD. Sexual function can be assessed in women, using the 9-item Female Sexual Function Index, questionnaire, or 19 items. It is important for nephrologists and physicians to incorporate assessment of sexual function into the routine evaluation protocols. PMID:25276130

  15. Sexual homicide: a synthesis of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Heng-Choon Oliver; Heide, Kathleen M

    2009-01-01

    Sexual homicide is a heavily studied, but unclearly defined, area of homicide studies. This article examines the empirical studies in sexual homicide from the mid-1980s to 2008. A review of the literature focuses on definitions, general theoretical understanding, and typologies that have evolved over the years. Issues surrounding the study of sexual murderers, such as sadistic fantasy and developmental deficits, are addressed. A comparison of different types of sexual homicides through a synthesis of 32 published empirical studies is made. The article concludes with an analysis of these studies and discusses implications for practice, policy, and research. PMID:19056687

  16. Study of men sexual formula. Chapter 8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis of average indexes of men sexual formula (MSF) for liquidators was carried out. It was shown, that with increasing of radiation doses acting on personnel the suppressing of their sexual functions is growing up. With increasing of absorbed dose the frequency of copulative cycle disorders is increase from 61.5±5.10 % to 85.72±5.08 %. With increase of age the gradations of MSF indexes characterizing different sides of sexual life is decreasing. Received data evident that patients suffered from radiation action during a month characterizing with pronounced and prolonged dysfunction in sexual sphere

  17. Message from the president: sexuality issues 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haffner, D W

    2000-01-01

    This article offers 10 predictions concerning American sexuality in the next decade. About 50% of US teenagers will experience sexual intercourse in 2010. Young virgins participating in the abstinence-only-until-marriage program will experience a modest delay of 3-6 months in having sexual intercourse. In the year 2002, the US Congress will reauthorize this program. With puberty, pregnancy, HIV, and sexually transmitted disease prevention as their major focus, school-based sexuality education programs will be more prevalent, less controversial, and integrated into other topics. Moreover, people of all ages will increasingly refer to the Internet for information about sexuality issues. Facts about midlife and sexuality will increase as the baby boom generation gets old. Medical abortion and emergency contraception will change debates on abortion. A number of religious denominations will split over the issue of sexual orientation by 2002. While HIV/AIDS will wane in the US and Europe, other countries of the world will increasingly be destroyed by the epidemic. Finally, people in the next decade and beyond will continue to define sexuality in the context of relationships, intimacy, and pleasure. PMID:12295789

  18. Sexual counseling and cardiovascular disease: practical approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Elaine E; Jaarsma, Tiny

    2015-01-01

    Patients with cardiovascular disease and their partners expect health care providers to provide sexual counseling to assist them in maintaining sexual quality of life. Evidence suggests however, that there is a gap in integrating evidence into practice and that relatively few cardiac patients receive sexual counseling. This can result in negative psychological, physical, and quality of life outcomes for couples who may needlessly decide sexual activity is too risky and cease all sexual activity. Two scientific statements now exist that provide ample guidance to health care providers in discussing this important topic. Using a team approach that includes physicians, nurses, physical therapists, rehabilitation staff, and others is important to ensure that sexual counseling occurs throughout recovery. In addition, several trials using interventional approaches for sexual counseling provide insight into successful approaches for sexual counseling in practice. This article provides practical strategies and evidence-based approaches for assessment and sexual counseling for all cardiac patients and their partners, and specific counseling for those with ischemic conditions, heart failure, and implanted devices. PMID:25219908

  19. Sexual counseling and cardiovascular disease: practical approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine E Steinke

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Patients with cardiovascular disease and their partners expect health care providers to provide sexual counseling to assist them in maintaining sexual quality of life. Evidence suggests however, that there is a gap in integrating evidence into practice and that relatively few cardiac patients receive sexual counseling. This can result in negative psychological, physical, and quality of life outcomes for couples who may needlessly decide sexual activity is too risky and cease all sexual activity. Two scientific statements now exist that provide ample guidance to health care providers in discussing this important topic. Using a team approach that includes physicians, nurses, physical therapists, rehabilitation staff, and others is important to ensure that sexual counseling occurs throughout recovery. In addition, several trials using interventional approaches for sexual counseling provide insight into successful approaches for sexual counseling in practice. This article provides practical strategies and evidence-based approaches for assessment and sexual counseling for all cardiac patients and their partners, and specific counseling for those with ischemic conditions, heart failure, and implanted devices.

  20. Sexually transmitted diseases in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. De Schryver

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Sexually transmitted diseases (STD are defined as a group of communicable diseases which have in common that they are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact. The number of agents now known to be sexually transmitted include some 20 pathogens. Some of these agents (such as Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B-virus, human immunodeficiency virus tend to replace the classical "venereal diseases" both in importance and frequency as these agents are often more difficult to detect, treat, and control. Sexually transmitted diseases are a major public health problem in most African countries on account of their frequency, their associated morbidity and mortality, their impact on paternal and infant health, as well as their economic costs in terms of health expenditure and lost productivity, and, last but not least, because of their social consequences. Recent epidemiological studies using sophisticated diagnostic technologies greatly extend our knowledge on the true spectrum of complications and sequelae associated with these infections. Nongonococcal urethritis - caused to 40% by Chlamydia trachomatis - and gonococcal infections are together the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases. The increasing importance of chlamydial infections, in contrast to a gradual decrease of gonococcal infections, is related to the fact that these infections frequently cause asymptomatic or mild disease and do not motivate patients to seek medical care, resulting in an extended period of infectivity and high risk of developing complications. Untreated gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections are the most common causes of epididymitis in males under the age of 35 years and may lead to decreased fertility. In some parts of sub-saharan Africa where urethritis often goes untreated, epididymitis is the leading course of male infertility. Also urethral strictures still from a large part of urogenital practice in some African countries. An estimated 8-16% of women with untreated endocervical gonococcal or chlamydial infections will develop acute salpingitis following an ascending spread of these pathogens. After one episode of acute salpingitis approximately 10% of women may become infertile due to complete tubal occlusion. Similarly, the risk for women to develop an ectopic pregnancy after salpingitis is 6-10 times greater than in controls. Ectopic pregnancies in areas with insufficient health services carry a high mortality risk. Maternal infections with STD may not only have adverse effects on pregnancy outcome but may cause serious morbidity and mortality in the newborn (e.g. congenital syphilis, ophthalmia neonatorum, herpes simplex virus infection of the neonate, chlamydial pneumonia, congenital HIV infection. AIDS is an example "par excellence" of a sexually transmitted disease of public health importance requiring extensive clinical services and posing enormous financial and social problems for the individual and the society at large. AIDS and the other viral STD have greatly increased the interest in primary prevention strategies such as health education and behavioral modification, for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.

  1. Función sexual femenina durante el período posparto

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Morin, Chaparro G; Ruth, Pérez V; Katia, Sáez C.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar variables bio-psicosociales asociadas a la función sexual femenina en el período posparto. Métodos: Estudio analítico, transversal y correlacional en 117 mujeres que se controlaron entre el tercer y cuarto mes posparto, en los Centros de Salud Familiar “Huequén” y “Alemania” del S [...] ervicio de Salud Araucanía Norte, Novena Región, Chile, 2009. A través de una entrevista se les aplicó un instrumento para la obtención de datos sociodemográficos y el índice de función sexual femenina, este último se aplicó a 53 mujeres que habían iniciado actividad sexual. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi cuadrado, Mann-Whitney, t de Student y test de Friedman. Resultados: El promedio de índice de función sexual femenina fue de 22,1 puntos; (rango 34,8 y 7,0 puntos). El 73,6 % de las mujeres presentó disfunción sexual, El índice de función sexual femenina fue mayor en aquellas mujeres que iniciaron actividad sexual porque deseaban hacerlo, que aquellas que iniciaron porque su pareja insistió (P= 0,0210) El orgasmo fue el dominio con mayor porcentaje para disfunción sexual (83 %). El deseo sexual estuvo levemente disminuido en mujeres con lactancia materna exclusiva, y fue estadísticamente significativa en relación con otros tipos de lactancia (P=0,0560). El deseo (P=0,0182) y la excitación (P=0,0002) fue mayor en las mujeres que deseaban tener relaciones sexuales, en comparación con las que iniciaron actividad coital porque su pareja insistió. Conclusión: La mujer en la etapa posparto presenta disfunción sexual relacionada con factores fisiológicos y emocionales. Abstract in english Objective: To analyze bio-psychosocial variables associated to female sexual function during post-partum period. Method: A cross-sectional, analytical and correlational study, in 117 women which were checked between their third and fourth month post-partum period, in the Family Health Centers “Huequ [...] e” and “Germany” Araucanía Health Service North Ninth Region, Chile, 2009. By means of an interview a measuring tool for socio-demographic data collection and Female Sexual Function Index, was applied to 53 women who had initiated sexual activity, were applied the Chi square Tests, Mann-Whitney, t de Student and the Friedman test. Results: Average of female sexual function Index was 22.1 points; (34.8 and 7 points average). 73.6 % of women showed some degree of sexual dysfunction; there was a significant statistical difference among women who started their sexual relationship because they really wanted to do so compared to the ones who started sexual activity because their sexual partner insisted on doing so (P= 0.0210). Orgasm was the domain with the largest percentage of sexual dysfunction (83 %). Desire was decreased in women with breast-feeding practice only and it was statistically significant in relation to other types of feeding (P=0.0560). Desire (P=0.0182) and sexual arousal (P=0.0002) were deeper in women who wanted to have sexual relationships compared to the ones who started sex life because their partner pressed them to do so. Conclusion: Women during post-partum period show sexual dysfunction related to psychological and emotional factors.

  2. Sexual desire, sexual arousal and hormonal differences in premenopausal US and Dutch women with and without low sexual desire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiman, Julia R; Rupp, Heather; Janssen, Erick; Newhouse, Sarah K; Brauer, Marieke; Laan, Ellen

    2011-05-01

    The interaction between women's hormonal condition and subjective, physiological, and behavioral indices of desire or arousal remains only partially explored, in spite of frequent reports from women about problems with a lack of sexual desire. The present study recruited premenopausal women at two sites, one in the United States and the other in the Netherlands, and incorporated various measures of acute changes in sexual desire and arousal. A sample of 46 women who met criteria for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) was compared to 47 women who experienced no sexual problems (SF). Half of each group used oral contraceptives (OCs). The specific goal was to investigate whether there is a relationship between women's hormone levels and their genital and subjective sexual responsiveness. Background demographics and health variables, including oral contraceptive (OC) use, were recorded and hormones (total testosterone (T), free testosterone (FT), SHBG, and estradiol) were analyzed along with vaginal pulse amplitude and self-report measures of desire and arousal in response to sexual fantasy, visual sexual stimuli, and photos of men's faces. Self-reported arousal and desire were lower in the HSDD than the SF group, but only for women who were not using oral contraceptives. Relationships between hormones and sexual function differed depending on whether a woman was HSDD or not. In line with prior literature, FT was positively associated with physiological and subjective sexual arousal in the SF group. The HSDD women demonstrated the opposite pattern, in that FT was negatively associated with subjective sexual responsiveness. The findings suggest a possible alternative relationship between hormones and sexual responsiveness in women with HSDD who have characteristics similar to those in the present study. PMID:21514299

  3. Lesbians: equal women, different women. Approach to their perceptions of gynecological, sexual and reproductive health.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Rivas Martín

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Health care to women is mainly focused on their gynecological and reproductive health. It is directed toward heterosexual women, their coital relations and the gestation, and doesn´t consider other practices and health issues. In recent years, lesbian women have become more visible in society, recalling that should not focus solely on sexual vaginal coitus and demanding their desire of being mothers.Objetives: With this study we try to be closer to lesbian women´s perceptions about their sexual and reproductive health, as well as trying to determine the factors that influence their health care and their relationship with the health system. Methodology: For this purpose was carried out a qualitative study among lesbian women of different ages. Techniques of collected data used were in-depth interview and discussion group. Results: The results show that lesbians feel safe at the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections; in addition they express their difficulties to reveal their sexual identity to healthcare professionals as well as problems accessing maternity. Conclusions: We conclude with the idea of the need for greater diversity and sexual health training for professionals, as well as further research on gynecological, sexual and reproductive health of this group of population.

  4. Representaciones sociales de la salud sexual de adolescentes sordos y oyentes en la ciudad de Bogotá

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jaime, Collazos Aldana.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Escopo. Descobrir e analisar a estrutura e conteúdos das representações sociais da saúde sexual de três grupos de adolescentes: surdos usuários da língua de senhas colombiana (LSC), ouvintes e surdos usuários do castelhano oral, com o fim de reflexionar sobre a saúde sexual em populações em situação [...] de vulnerabilidade e sua aplicação ao campo da saúde pública. Metodologia. Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo interpretativo de orientação processual, no que foram empregadas as técnicas analíticas do uso de redes de associações, entrevistas e desenhos. Resultados. Foram achadas diferentes representações de saúde sexual em adolescentes avaliados: os adolescentes surdos usuários de LSC, focalizam suas representações no cuidado do corpo, a doença e o prazer sexual. Do outro lado, os ouvintes constroem representações ao redor da prevenção das infecções de transmissão sexual e o amor afetivo, e os adolescentes surdos usuários do castelhano o fazem em relação com a educação, o amor afetivo e as relações convencionais. Conclusão. O reconhecimento das diferentes representações sociais da saúde sexual dos adolescentes ouvintes e surdos se convertem num reto para a saúde pública na medida que obriga a reconhecer as necessidades e serviços, neste campo, desde uma perspectiva diferencial. A saúde sexual das pessoas em situação de vulnerabilidade é um assunto de direitos humanos, que questiona a maneira de formular políticas na atualidade, sobre tudo quando é desconhecida a identidade como elemento fundamental da sexualidade de estas pessoas. Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Describir y analizar la estructura y contenidos de las representaciones sociales de la salud sexual de tres grupos de adolescentes: sordos usuarios de lengua de señas colombiana (LSC), oyentes y sordos usuarios de castellano oral, con el fin de reflexionar sobre la salud sexual en poblacio [...] nes en situación de vulnerabilidad y su aplicación al campo de la salud pública. Método. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo interpretativo de orientación procesual, en el que se emplearon las técnicas analíticas de uso de redes de asociaciones, entrevistas y dibujos. Resultados. Se encontraron diferentes representaciones de salud sexual en los adolescentes evaluados: los adolescentes sordos usuarios de LSC, quienes focalizan sus representaciones en el cuidado del cuerpo, la enfermedad y el goce sexual. Por su parte, los oyentes construyen representaciones alrededor de la prevención de las infecciones de transmisión sexual y el amor afectivo; mientras los adolescentes sordos usuarios del castellano lo hacen en relación con la educación, el amor afectivo y las relaciones convencionales. Conclusión. El reconocimiento de las diferentes representaciones sociales de la salud sexual de los adolescentes oyentes y sordos se convierte en un reto para la Salud Pública en la medida que obliga a reconocer las necesidades y servicios, en este campo, desde una perspectiva diferencial. La salud sexual de las personas en situación de vulnerabilidad, es un asunto de Derechos Humanos, que cuestiona la manera de formular políticas en la actualidad, sobre todo cuando se desconoce la identidad como elemento fundamental de la sexualidad de estas personas. Abstract in english Objective. To describe and analyze the structure and content of the social representations of sexual health in three groups of adolescents: those who are deaf, those who use Colombian sign language (SLC), those with hearing, and deaf users of spoken Spanish, with the aim of considering the sexual he [...] alth of populations in conditions of vulnerability, and their application in the area of public health. Method. A process-oriented interpretative qualitative study was carried out, which employed analytical techniques using networks of associations, interviews and drawings. Results. Different representations of sexual health were found among the adolescents evaluated: those

  5. Função sexual e fatores associados à disfunção sexual em mulheres no climatério / Sexual function and factors associated with sexual dysfunction in climacteric women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabela Franco, Cavalcanti; Polyana da Nóbrega, Farias; Lucas, Ithamar; Vilma Maria da, Silva; Andrea, Lemos.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função sexual e os fatores associados à disfunção sexual de mulheres no período do climatério. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo de corte transversal incluindo 173 mulheres, na faixa etária de 35 a 65 anos, com parceiro fixo nos últimos 6 meses, alfabetizadas, sem comprometimen [...] to cognitivo e com atividade sexual há pelo menos 6 meses. O instrumento utilizado para avaliar o desempenho sexual foi o Quociente Sexual, versão feminina. A associação entre disfunção sexual e dados sociodemográficos, antecedentes pessoais e obstétricos e história sexual foi realizada por meio do teste do ?2 de Pearson e da força de associação, por meio do odds ratio (OR) com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Neste estudo, 46,2% das mulheres apresentaram disfunção sexual. Houve uma diminuição da chance de disfunção sexual para a faixa etária entre 35 e 49 anos (OR=0,3; IC95% 0,2–0,6) e para as mulheres que se sentiam à vontade para falar sobre sexo (OR=0,5; IC95% 0,2–0,8). Entretanto, presença de osteoporose (OR=3,3; IC95% 1,5–7,6), incontinência urinária (OR=2,0; IC95% 1,1–3,7) e correções cirúrgicas do assoalho pélvico (OR=2,2; IC95% 1,1–4,5) elevaram essa chance. CONCLUSÕES: A frequência de disfunção sexual em mulheres na faixa etária entre 35 e 65 anos foi 46,2% e fatores como osteoporose, incontinência urinária e correções cirúrgicas do assoalho pélvico aumentaram a chance de disfunção sexual. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the sexual function and factors associated with sexual dysfunction in climacteric women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 173 women aged 35 to 65 years old, with a steady partner during the last 6 months, who are literate, without cognitive impairment, and wi [...] th sexual activity for at least 6 months. The instrument used to assess sexual performance was the Sexual Quotient, female version. The association between sexual dysfunction and sociodemographic data, personal, obstetric and sexual history was determined by Pearson's ?2 test and strength of association by the odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS: In this study, 46.2% of the women reported sexual dysfunction. There was a decrease in the chance of sexual dysfunction for the age group between 35 and 49 years old (OR=0.3; 95%CI 0.2–0.6) and for women who felt comfortable talking about sex (OR=0.5; 95%CI 0.2–0.8). However, the presence of osteoporosis (OR=3.3; 95%CI 1.5–7.6), urinary incontinence (OR=2.0; 95%CI 1.1–3.7), and surgical corrections of the pelvic floor (OR=2.2; 95%CI 1.1–4.5) increased this chance. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of sexual dysfunction in women aged 35 to 65 years old was 46.2% and factors such as osteoporosis, urinary incontinence and surgical corrections of the pelvic floor increased the chance of sexual dysfunction.

  6. Sexual identity in the American Deep South: the concordance and discordance of sexual activity, relationships, and identities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baunach, Dawn Michelle; Burgess, Elisabeth O

    2013-01-01

    This research explores the association between sexual identity and sexual behavior and how that association varies across gender and race in the American Deep South. Multinomial logistic regression analysis is used to determine the likelihood of each sexual identity given past sexual behavior, sexual relationships, and other social characteristics. The more traditional cultural climate of the South appears to suppress identification as a sexual minority. Sexual identification in the Deep South is primarily a product of sexual activity and sexual relationships, although attitudes toward and contact with the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community play a minor role. Although most participants' sexual behaviors and identities were in concordance, sexual discordance was highest for White women and lowest for White men. Discordance was also associated with traditional men's roles attitudes, negative homosexuality attitudes, and contact with the LGBT community. It is hoped that these results encourage scholarship that deconstructs the sexual behavior and identity of all groups, not just oppressed groups. PMID:23952925

  7. Inhabiting the sexual landscape: toward an interpretive theory of the development of sexual orientation and identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Liahna E; Silva, Tony J

    2015-01-01

    Building on Paula Rust's (1996) concept of a sexual landscape, we propose an interpretive theory of the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. We seek to reconcile human agency with active and shifting influences in social context and to recognize the inherent complexity of environmental factors while acknowledging the role that biological potential plays. We ground our model in the insights of three compatible and related theoretical perspectives: social constructionism, symbolic interactionism, and scripting theory. Within this framework, we explain how sexual orientation and sexual identities develop and potentially change. PMID:25397814

  8. Función sexual antes y después de la reparación quirúrgica del prolapso genital

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José, Urdaneta M; Lismar Adriana, Briceño Suárez; Maritza, Cepeda de Villalobos; Ciro, Montiel; Rafael, Marcucci J; Alfi, Contreras Benítez; Andrea, Mujica A; Nasser, Baabel Romero.

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la función sexual (FS) de mujeres con prolapso genital (PG) antes y después de su reparación quirúrgica. Métodos: Investigación de tipo comparativa y aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, prospectivo y de campo, donde se evaluó la FS de mujeres con diagnóstico de PG antes y des [...] pués del tratamiento quirúrgico con técnicas convencionales, mediante el Cuestionario Sexual para Prolapso genital e Incontinencia Urinaria versión corta (PISQ-12). Resultados: Al comparar la FS antes y después de la cirugía reparadora del PG, se determinó que tanto la puntuación total del PISQ-12 (15,90 ± 6,51 vs. 32,17 ± 3,62) como las puntuaciones de las dimensiones respuesta sexual (5,87 ± 2,80 vs. 10,97 ± 2,80) y limitaciones sexuales femeninas (4,88 ± 3,90 vs. 16,77 ± 3,00) fueron significativamente más altas luego de la intervención quirúrgica (p0,05). Conclusiones: Las mujeres con PG presentan una pobre FS, la cirugía reparadora del PG por técnicas convencionales mejoró significativamente la FS de las pacientes con disfunción del piso pélvico, permitiéndoles obtener a estas mujeres una vida sexual más placentera, con mejoría de su calidad de vida. Abstract in english Objective: To compare sexual function (SF) of women with genital prolapse (GP) before and after surgical repair. Methods: This is a comparative and applied research with quasi-experimental, prospective and field design, which evaluated the SF of women diagnosed with PG before and after surgical trea [...] tment with conventional techniques, by the short version of the Prolapse and Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Results: When comparing the SF before and after surgical repair of GP, it was determined that both the total score of PIQS-12 (15.90 ± 6.51 vs. 32.17 ± 3.62) and the scores of the dimensions: sexual response (5.87 ± 2.80 vs. 10.97 ± 2.80) and female sexual limitations (4.88 ± 3.90 vs. 16.77 ± 3.00) were significantly higher after surgery (p0.05). Conclusions: Women with GP exhibit a poor SF, surgical repair of GP by conventional techniques significantly improves the SF of patients with pelvic floor dysfunction, allowing these women get sexual life more pleasant, which will impact on improving their quality of life.

  9. Relationships Between Body Image, Body Composition, Sexual Functioning, and Sexual Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milhausen, Robin R; Buchholz, Andrea C; Opperman, Emily A; Benson, Lindsay E

    2014-07-26

    This study investigated the association between body image and body-image self-consciousness on sexual satisfaction, accounting for relationships between body fat and body image, and between sexual functioning and sexual satisfaction, while controlling for relationship satisfaction. Participants were 143, 18-25 year-old Caucasian men and women in heterosexual monogamous relationships, recruited from the University of Guelph and surrounding community in Ontario, Canada. Various domains of body image, body-image self-consciousness, sexual satisfaction and functioning, and relationship satisfaction data were collected by questionnaires. Body fat was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Among men, body image was positively associated with sexual satisfaction, after controlling for relationship satisfaction. Men with greater body fat were more likely to have poorer behavioral and affective body image. Only body image specific to the sexual encounter influenced sexual functioning. Among women, no domain of body image was associated with sexual satisfaction, after controlling for relationship satisfaction. Women with greater body fat were more likely to have poorer affective and sexual-encounter-specific body image. As percent total fat increased, sexual functioning decreased. Our results suggest a complex pattern of relationships exists among body image and body composition constructs and sexual and relationship variable; and that these relationships are not the same for men and women. PMID:25063473

  10. NASN position statement: Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (sexual minority students): school nurse practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Beverly; Kelts, Susan; Robarge, Deb; Davis, Catherine; Delger, Suzey; Compton, Linda

    2013-03-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses that all students, regardless of their sexual orientation or the sexual orientation of their parents and family members, are entitled to a safe school environment and equal opportunities for a high level of academic achievement and school participation/involvement. Sexual minority persons are those who identify themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual (LGB) or are unsure of their sexual orientation, or those who have had sexual contact with persons of the same sex or both sexes (Kann et al., 2011). Sexual minority is thought to be a more inclusive and neutral term. For the purposes of this statement, the term sexual minority will be used in lieu of LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning). PMID:23600096

  11. Direct and indirect measures of sexual maturity preferences differentiate subtypes of child sexual abusers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Alexander F; Gykiere, Kim; Vanhoeck, Kris; Mann, Ruth E; Banse, Rainer

    2014-04-01

    To aid risk assessment, management, and treatment planning it is essential to assess child sexual abusers' deviant sexual interests (DSI) and preferences (DSP) for sex with children. However, measurement of DSI/DSP is fraught with psychometric problems. In consequence, research interest has shifted to latency-based indirect measures as a measurement approach to complement self-report and physiological assessment. Utilizing the Explicit and Implicit Sexual Interest Profile (EISIP)-a multimethod approach consisting of self-report, viewing time, and Implicit Association Test (IAT) DSI/DSP measures-we replicated phallometric DSI/DSP differences between child sexual abuser subgroups in a sample of intrafamilial, extrafamilial, and child pornography offenders. DSI/DSP was associated with recidivism risk, offense-behavioral measures of pedophilic interest, and sexual fantasizing. It also negatively correlated with antisociality. Distinguishing between child sexual abuser subtypes and being related to recidivism risk, the EISIP is a useful tool for sexual offender assessments. PMID:23524323

  12. Empathy in sexually sadistic offenders: an experimental comparison with non-sadistic sexual offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitschke, Joachim; Istrefi, Shota; Osterheider, Michael; Mokros, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that severe sexual sadism and psychopathy are phenotypically different, although both are characterized by deficits in emotional processing. We assessed empathic capacity in a sample of 12 sexual sadists in comparison with 23 non-sadistic offenders using the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET). All participants were forensic patients under mandatory treatment orders who had committed sexual offenses. The MET is a computerized rating task that differentiates and measures cognitive and emotional components of empathy, or perspective-taking versus compassionate components. To identify the effects of possible empathy deficits caused by psychopathic traits, we controlled both samples for psychopathy as a covariate, measured by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). According to our results, sexual sadists did not differ from non-sadistic sexual offenders with regard to emotional empathy for either positive or negative stimuli. The results suggest that severe sexual sadism is a distinct, pathological sexual arousal response, not a deficit in emotional processing. PMID:22417758

  13. Impact of Child Sexual Abuse Medical Examinations on the Dependency and Criminal Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jong, Allan R.

    1998-01-01

    Reviews previous research on the sociolegal impact of medical evaluations for child sexual abuse; offers a recommended menu of research questions, concerning process and outcomes of these evaluations, interviewing techniques, the use of medical evidence in prosecution, and knowledge level of professionals in the criminal and dependency systems.…

  14. HORMONES AND SEXUAL FUNCTIONING IN MENOPAUSAL TRANSITION

    OpenAIRE

    Emine Co?ar; Mithat Erenus

    2007-01-01

    The relative contribution of hormones (androgens and estrogen) to female sexuality and psychosocial status is controversial in menopausal transition. We compare the changes of hormonal and psychosocial factors in perimenopausal women with the changes of sexual function. Among DHEAS, FSH, LH, estradiol and free Testesterone (T), free T is the only variable that is significantly associated (P

  15. Child Sexual Abuse: Prevention or Promotion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolen, Rebecca M.

    2003-01-01

    Current child sexual abuse prevention programs assume that, by targeting potential victims, they can reduce the prevalence of child sexual abuse. This article presents findings that suggest this assumption is flawed. Suggests instead that potential offenders are more appropriate targets of prevention programs. (Contains 39 references.)

  16. Subjective Sexual Arousal to Films of Masturbation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, Donald L.; Abramson, Paul R.

    1977-01-01

    A film of a male or female masturbating was viewed by 96 males and 102 females. Males reported the highest level of sexual arousal to the female film and the lowest level of arousal to the male film. Females were sexually aroused by both films. (Author)

  17. Human Sexuality: A Student Taught Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herold, Edward S.; And Others

    1973-01-01

    Four senior female students presented seminars in human sexuality to freshmen coeds. The seminar topics were (1) petting and intercourse, (2) masturbation, (3) venereal disease and problematic sexual behavior, and (4) abortion and sterilization. Improvement in knowledge was determined by pre- and post-course questionnaires. Student evaluations…

  18. Prevention of victimization following sexual assaults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Bodil Maria; Sidenius, Katrine

    2004-01-01

    Centre for Victims of Sexual Assault in Copenhagen is a centre for interdisciplinary research and practice. Goals of the centre are to contribute to the documentation of victimization and to prevent further victimization. Research at the centre aims at the examination of the diversity of conditions of women exposed to sexualized coercion and the diversity of perspectives on the events.

  19. Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: An Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, J. Gayle

    1995-01-01

    Reviews the current state of knowledge about hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Despite clinical attention to this disorder, ambiguity remains concerning the nature and treatment of low sexual desire. Reviews diagnostic issues, including prevalence estimates. Highlights current theories of etiology and maintenance, as well as assessment…

  20. Risk Assessment in Child Sexual Abuse Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levenson, Jill S.; Morin, John W.

    2006-01-01

    Despite continuing improvements in risk assessment for child protective services (CPS) and movement toward actuarial prediction of child maltreatment, current models have not adequately addressed child sexual abuse. Sexual abuse cases present unique and ambiguous indicators to the investigating professional, and risk factors differ from those…

  1. Distinctive Characteristics of Sexual Orientation Bias Crimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stacey, Michele

    2011-01-01

    Despite increased attention in the area of hate crime research in the past 20 years, sexual orientation bias crimes have rarely been singled out for study. When these types of crimes are looked at, the studies are typically descriptive in nature. This article seeks to increase our knowledge of sexual orientation bias by answering the question:…

  2. Sexuality Education: Sorting Fact from Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berne, Linda A.; Huberman, Barbara K.

    1995-01-01

    School leaders must make good decisions about sex education based on valid information. This article presents 17 arguments most frequently advanced by groups opposing comprehensive sexuality education and examines the scientific literature to determine those arguments' validity. Topics include abstinence instruction, intimate sexual behavior…

  3. Sexual sadism: a portrait of evil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Michael H

    2010-01-01

    Sexual sadism has been defined ambiguously in the DSM to include both preoccupation with sadistic sexual fantasies and the acting out of such fantasies (with resultant harm or death to the victims). Ideally, the term should be used only for persons in whom such fantasies are acted out in actual behavior. Almost all such persons will be men. There is an overlap between the psychiatric diagnosis of sexual sadism (as behavior) and the concept of evil as the word is used in everyday parlance. The word evil is evoked generally when one comes to learn of (or witness) violent actions of such a nature as to horrify, shock, and disgust us. Evil corresponds, that is, to an emotional reaction when confronted with acts of a particularly horrifying and repugnant type. Violent sexual crimes involving torture of the victim are particularly likely to elicit this response. A common examplar of sexual sadism is the serial killer who experiences orgasm when murdering his victim. Sadistic sexual fantasies are noted in certain adolescents. In some of these the fantasies serves rehearsal for future sadistic sexual acts, especially in adolescents with callous-unemotional personality (who often emerge in adult life as psychopaths). Whereas therapy would usually fail even if such adolescents were brought to treatment early, there are others who experience sadistic sexual fantasies, but for whom these fantasies are ego-alien and disturbing. Patients of the latter type may be amenable to dynamic psychotherapy. PMID:20297894

  4. Sexuality following trauma injury: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kylie Marie Connell

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Restoration of the quality of life (QoL of trauma injury survivors is the aim of trauma rehabilitation. It is generally acknowledged that sexuality is an important component of QoL; however, rehabilitation services frequently fall short of including sexuality as a matter of routine. The literature was reviewed to examine the experiences of trauma survivors from three groups: spinal cord injury (SCI, traumatic brain injury (TBI and burns. The focus was on the impact of trauma on the QoL to identify future research directions and to advocate for the inclusion of sexuality as an integral part of rehabilitation. Databases searched were Proquest, Ovid, Cinahl, Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Central Register of controlled trials. A total of 36 eligible studies were included: SCI (n = 25, TBI (n = 6, burns (n = 5. Four themes were identified across the three trauma groups that were labeled as physiological impact of trauma on sexuality, cognitive-genital dissociation (CGD, sexual disenfranchisement (SD and sexual rediscovery (SR. Trauma injury has a significant impact on sexuality, which is not routinely addressed within rehabilitation services. Further sexuality research is required among all trauma groups to improve rehabilitation services and in turn QoL outcomes for all trauma survivors.

  5. Analyzing Gender and Sexuality in Magazine Advertisements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schubert, Katie

    2012-01-01

    This lesson plan is designed to help students become more aware of how advertisements play a role in shaping societal attitudes about gender and sexuality and how these messages effect their own beliefs. This lesson plan will outline how to effectively accomplish this goal in any course focusing on gender and/or sexuality.

  6. [Drug-therapy with sexual offenders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stompe, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Sexual offenders are a heterogeneous group of offenders with different personality structures and different patterns of crime. As a consequence, difficulties arise with the definition of sexually deviant or offending behaviour, which depends on period of time and culture. After presenting the actual definition of sexual offences, their frequency is shown by means of German epidemiological data. The problem of the assumed relationship between paraphilia and sexual offending behaviour is called into question. After the description of the central neurobiological and endocrinological mechanisms, the established pharmacological treatment strategies (Selective Serotonine Reuptake Inhibitors, Antiadrogenes, LHRH (Luteotropic Hormone Releasing Hormone)-Agonists) are presented. Finally, the step-wise algorithm for the therapy of sexual according to Bradford is presented. PMID:17555003

  7. Sexual disorders in Asians: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Gurvinder; Tandon, Abhinav; Sathyanarayana Rao, T S

    2014-02-01

    Sex is an integral part of the basic needs of an individual. However, Asian populations have had a conservative attitude towards discussing and expressing their sexual concerns to the clinician. Consequently, very limited research on sexuality-related issues has been done on these populations. Many of the biological and socio-cultural factors are different for Asians and Asian migrants to the West, when compared to the native Western population, and this requires dedicated research. The DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition) has made the classification of sexual dysfunctions gender-specific and has introduced the concepts of 'gender dysphoria' and 'paraphilic disorders' (distinct from paraphilias); it has removed subtypes based on sexual orientation. These changes will have a definite impact on our understanding of sexual dysfunctions and related disorders in the Asian populations. PMID:24524717

  8. Childhood sexual abuse in women with bulimia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulik, C M; Sullivan, P F; Rorty, M

    1989-12-01

    In a study of the family environments and psychiatric histories of 35 bulimic women, the authors found that 12 (34.3%) of the 35 women had been sexually abused or had a sister who had been sexually abused. That rate is comparable to estimates from other studies of women with eating disorders and of female psychiatric patients, but is apparently higher than the rate found in the general population. Bulimic women from families in which sexual abuse occurred were more likely than bulimic women with no personal or family history of sexual abuse to have a personal history of major depression, relatives who abused drugs, and a disturbed family environment. The presence of bulimia should alert clinicians to screen for concomitant depression, suicidality, and substance abuse as well as the possibility of severe, if hidden, familial pathology and environmental disruption including sexual abuse, parental psychopathology, and character deficits. PMID:2600064

  9. Sexual Communication in the Drosophila Genus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gwénaëlle Bontonou

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In insects, sexual behavior depends on chemical and non-chemical cues that might play an important role in sexual isolation. In this review, we present current knowledge about sexual behavior in the Drosophila genus. We describe courtship and signals involved in sexual communication, with a special focus on sex pheromones. We examine the role of cuticular hydrocarbons as sex pheromones, their implication in sexual isolation, and their evolution. Finally, we discuss the roles of male cuticular non-hydrocarbon pheromones that act after mating: cis-vaccenyl acetate, developing on its controversial role in courtship behavior and long-chain acetyldienylacetates and triacylglycerides, which act as anti-aphrodisiacs in mated females.

  10. Sexuality following burn injuries: a preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connell, Kylie Marie; Coates, Rosemary; Wood, Fiona Melanie

    2013-01-01

    Responses to the sexuality and body image subdomains of the Burn Specific Health Scale - Brief Version (BSHS-B) were analysed, to identify the incidence of sexuality and body image changes in burn survivors from hospital discharge - 12 months post injury. Data were collected through examination of BSHS-B questionnaires (BSHS-B), from burns patients at hospital discharge and one, three, six and twelve month time points after burn injury. The results demonstrate that burn injuries have a significant negative impact on sexuality and body image satisfaction for burn survivors. The results raise concerns regarding potential long term quality of life (QoL) issues for burn survivors in these domains. Sexuality and body image following burn injuries are important QoL domains that should be addressed during post injury rehabilitation. This preliminary study shows that further empirical research regarding changes to sexuality and body image in the burns population is required. PMID:23377351

  11. Sadism in sexual offenders: evidence for dimensionality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokros, Andreas; Schilling, Frank; Weiss, Karien; Nitschke, Joachim; Eher, Reinhard

    2014-03-01

    Recurrent and intense sexual fantasies and urges that circle around the infliction of pain or humiliation on another human being may predispose individuals toward acts of sexual aggression against nonconsenting victims. Consequently, sexual sadism is a paraphilia with particular relevance for forensic psychology and psychiatry. Using behavioral indicators derived from crime scene actions as well as clinical data, we sought in the present study to identify the latent structure of the disorder. We analyzed data from a national sample of male sexual offenders from Austria (N = 1,020). In addition to latent profile analysis, 3 conceptually different taxometric methods were applied. The results of the analyses were more in accordance with a dimensional interpretation than with a categorical distinction. That is, sadistic conduct in sexual offenses is likely an extreme form of coercion, but not a qualitatively different entity. The implications with respect to the current debate on the diagnostic criteria for sadism are discussed. PMID:24219703

  12. Percepción de riesgo de abuso sexual entre adolescentes escolarizados de la ciudad de Cali / Risk perception of sexual abuse among young students in Cali

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Janeth, Mosquera; Amparo, Bermúdez.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: El abuso sexual es un hecho de alta incidencia que ocurre en distintos estratos socio-económicos, culturas, ámbitos y etapas de la vida. Sin embargo, se ha explorado poco la percepción de riesgo que sobre este suceso tienen los adolescentes, uno de los grupos poblacionales más comprome [...] tido. Métodos: Como complemento de un estudio transversal en el que se identificaron tres zonas en Cali con mayor prevalencia de denuncias de abuso sexual en población de 10 a 19 años de edad, se realizó una exploración cualitativa con adolescentes escolarizados de esas zonas, para indagar aspectos relacionados con la percepción de riesgo de abuso sexual. Participaron 121 adolescentes (53 hombres y 68 mujeres). La información se colectó con la técnica de grupo focal. Resultados: Los hallazgos principales del estudio muestran que tanto hombres como mujeres adolescentes conciben el abuso sexual como violación (penetración de pene u otro objeto dentro de la vagina o el ano) y, por tanto, es la modalidad que a su juicio reviste mayor gravedad, así como prevalece el estereotipo de abusador de sexo masculino. Adicionalmente, se observaron diferencias en la percepción de riesgo según el género, relacionadas con los espacios públicos y domésticos y con las actitudes de culpabilizar a la víctima. Conclusiones: La investigación sugiere la necesidad que programas de prevención de abuso sexual en adolescentes, enfaticen en las habilidades para identificar situaciones que los ponen a riesgo de abuso sexual en cualquiera de sus modalidades. Además, esos programas deben tener perspectiva de género, con el fin de clarificar distintas percepciones de riesgo y actitudes hacia las víctimas. Abstract in english Background: The incidence of sexual abuse is high and occurs in all socioeconomic strata, cultures, spaces, and during different life stages. However, very little research has been conducted to explore risk perception among adolescents, even though adolescents are more likely to experience sexual vi [...] olence. Methods: Complementary with a transversal study, which identified three zones in Cali with higher prevalence of sexual abuse reported among youngsters between 10 and 19 years of age, we carried out a qualitative study to explore risk perception of sexual abuse among young students. In this study, 121 adolescents from both sexes participated. The information was gathered by using a focal group technique. Results: Main study results show that women and men have a notion of sexual abuse only related to rape or sodomy (penetration of the penis or other object into the vagina or anus), and they consider this a more serious type of sexual abuse. In addition, we observed differences in risk perception related to gender and domestic and public spaces. Finally, victim-blame attitudes are prevalent and the stereotypical male image as rapist is predominant. Conclusions: The research suggest that is necessary in sexual abuse prevention programmes with youngsters to emphasize aspects related to being able to identify circumstances that place them at risk of sexual abuse in any modality. Furthermore, prevention programmes should have a gender perspective to clarify different risks perceptions and attitudes about victims.

  13. Cross-cultural perspectives on sexuality education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, J

    1992-01-01

    In the Netherlands the discussion of sexuality has been open since the sexual revolution of the 1960s and includes heterosexuality, sex within marriage, sexuality of the elderly, and homosexuality. Formal sexuality education is lacking for young people despite the openness. 3/4 of teenage girls use the pill, and AIDS-motivated condom availability has increased. Teenage pregnancy and abortion rates are low. Belgium also lacks standardized sexuality education because of Catholic and state school systems influenced by local politics. Family planning organizations date back to 1955 despite a strong Catholic boycott. Abstinence and withdrawal was practiced by most until the 1970s. In 1990 abortion during the 1st trimester was legalized. High rates of teenage pregnancies induced sexuality education in the past 2 decades, although there is no universal program, and young people do not discuss sexuality with their parents. Contraceptives are readily available. In Czechoslovakia under communist rule puritanical views dominated, and sex education was virtually nonexistent. In the postcommunist state the Catholic Church strongly opposes sex education, family planning, and abortions that are still available free, although a charge is contemplated. Pill use is low, nonlubricated condoms are available, and the IUD and sterilization are available only for multiparas. In both Denmark and Sweden sexuality is open and natural from the youngest ages with official sex education, family planning clinics are numerous, abortion is available and the teenager rate is fairly high, pill use is high, the teenage pregnancy rate is low, extramarital childbirth is popular, and the divorce rate is high. In the former Soviet Union there is lack of birth control, increased sexual violence, the increase of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, homophobia, high abortion rate (6.5 million reported and 3 million unreported in 1988), lack of contraceptives and knowledge about them (only 10-15% contraceptive prevalence rate), and practically nonexistent sex education until the early 1980s. PMID:12344001

  14. Sexual Concurrency among Young African American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna G.; Davis, Teaniese L.; Sales, Jessica M.; Rose, Eve S.; Wingood, Gina M.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

    2013-01-01

    Young African American women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, STIs, and engage in greater sexual concurrency than other race/ethnicities. It is important to evaluate behaviors and characteristics associated with the risk of sexual concurrency so interventions can target factors most likely to affect positive change. An emphasis on correlates of concurrency beyond individual-level factors has been suggested. The purpose of this study therefore was to identify individual- and partner-level characteristics associated with sexual concurrency among high-risk, young African American women. Data were collected from 570 African American adolescent women (aged 15–21) recruited from a STD clinic, a family planning clinic, and a teen clinic located in Atlanta, GA from March 2002 through August 2004. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in 2012 to evaluate correlates of sexual concurrency. Results show that almost one-quarter of participants reported sexually concurrent partnerships and 28.4% suspected male partner concurrency. Logistic regression results indicated the number of lifetime sexual partners and relationship factors were the primary contributors to engaging in concurrency in this sample. These findings suggest relationship factors may be important contributors to the prevalence of sexual concurrency among young African American women. Interventions targeted toward sexual health among young African American women may need to specifically address partner/relationship factors. Through these findings we hope to better understand sexual risk taking and develop strategies that would overcome barriers to existing interventions aimed at improving the sexual health outcomes of young, African American women. PMID:23363034

  15. Prostate cancer and sexual function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Jae Saog

    2012-08-01

    Prostate cancer is now ranked fifth in incidence among cancers in Korean adult males. This is attributable to the more Westernized dietary style which increases the morbidity of prostate cancer and the development of cancer diagnostic technologies, such as prostate-specific antigen and advanced medical systems, increasing the rate of prostate cancer diagnosis. Prostate cancer effects include not only erectile dysfunction caused by the disease itself, but also by psychiatric disorders caused by prostate cancer or its treatments. Prostate cancer by itself reduces sexual desire and the frequency of sexual intercourse. Additionally, surgery or hormonal therapy to block testosterone further increases the frequency of erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction following radical prostatectomy is primarily attributable to nerve injury caused by intraoperative nerve traction, thermal injury, ischemic injury, and local inflammatory reactions. Additionally, the absence of nocturnal penile tumescence causes persistent hypoxia of the corpus cavernosum, which, secondarily, causes anatomical and functional changes in the corpus cavernosum. Preservation of erectile function is one of the most significant issues for patients with local prostate cancer. Erectile dysfunction following radical prostatectomy is known to have various prognoses, depending on preservation of the neurovascular bundle, patient age, and preoperative erectile status. Intracavernosal injections, PDE5 inhibitors, and penile rehabilitation therapy using a vacuum constriction device after radical prostatectomy are known to improve the recovery of erectile function. Recently, testosterone replacement therapy has also drawn attention as a treatment method. PMID:23596596

  16. Multiple sclerosis and sexual dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhen-Ni; He, Si-Yuan; Zhang, Hong-Liang; Wu, Jiang; Yang, Yi

    2012-07-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system characterized by episodic and progressive neurologic dysfunction resulting from inflammatory and autoimmune reactions. The underlying pathogenesis of MS remains largely unclear. However, it is currently accepted as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Among other clinical manifestations, sexual dysfunction (SD) is a painful but still underreported and underdiagnosed symptom of the disorder. SD in MS patients may result from a complex set of conditions and may be associated with multiple anatomic, physiologic, biologic, medical and psychological factors. SD arises primarily from lesions affecting the neural pathways involved in physiologic function. In addition, psychological factors, the side effects of medications and physical symptoms such as fatigue, muscular weakness, menstrual changes, pain and concerns about bladder and bowel incontinence may also be involved. Since MS primarily affects young people, SD secondary to MS may have a great impact on quality of life. Thus, maintaining a healthy sexual life with MS is an important priority. The treatment of SD requires multidisciplinary teamwork and cooperation among specialists, individual patients, partners and the society. PMID:22447199

  17. La selección sexual en los humanos / Human sexual selection

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Leonor E, Hernández-López; Ana Lilia, Cerda-Molina.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La reproducción en los seres humanos, al igual que en otras muchas especies, implica un proceso de selección sexual que incluye la evaluación de factores como la inteligencia, la confiabilidad, la salud, la posibilidad de aportar recursos y las características físicas, entre otras. Sin duda, la deci [...] sión de la elección depende de la estrategia reproductiva que cada individuo elija pues diversos estudios sobre selección sexual humana muestran que las personas hacen uso de más de una estrategia reproductiva, lo que explica por qué algunos individuos prefieren tener varias relaciones a corto plazo, otros se deciden por una sola relación a largo plazo y otros más mantienen ambas, es decir, una a largo plazo y varias a corto plazo. Como consecuencia, las características que cada uno podría buscar en sus parejas potenciales resultan ser muy diversas. Sin embargo, existen algunos factores biológicos que subyacen a la toma de decisiones y que son aparentemente universales. En esta revisión presentamos los resultados obtenidos en algunos trabajos, incluyendo los nuestros, con la finalidad de dar a conocer, desde la perspectiva biológica, cuáles características resultan imprescindibles para seleccionar una pareja y porqué. Desde luego, sin perder de vista que para conseguir un mejor entendimiento de la conducta humana es necesario considerar que las adaptaciones psicológicas en los seres humanos, las cuales operan de forma consciente o inconsciente, están encaminadas a resolver los problemas más elementales de sobrevivencia y reproducción. Abstract in english Human reproduction involves, as in many other mammal species, a sexual selection process. Some of the features chose in a reproductive mate are intelligence, reliability, health, access to resources and others. However, the ultimate individuals' decision depends on her or his reproductive strategy. [...] Several works have demonstrated that human beings cannot be characterized by a single strategy; people can decide for a long-term commitment mating, a short-term mating or both. However, there are some psychobiological aspects that underlie such decision making and apparently they are universal for human beings. In this review we present results, including our own, which illustrate the set of characteristics that are involved in human mate choice. In order to acquire an appropriate understanding of human behavior, it is necessary to consider those psychological adaptations which operate at both conscious and unconscious levels, evolved to deal with the most elementary demands to survive and reproduce.

  18. Sexual polyploidization in red clover Poliploidização sexual em trevo vermelho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Simioni

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Because sexual polyploidization broadens genetic basis and supply plant breeders with more variability for the selection process, it can be useful in red clover breeding. This paper reports results of three crossing cycles, starting from a parental generation of tetraploid red clover plants (female parent, and diploids from the Quiñiqueli cultivar, selected for production of more than 1% of giant pollen grains (male parent aiming to obtain tetraploid plants to be used in red clover breeding programs. Crosses in the next generations were performed by mutual cross-pollinations. Chromosome number chimerism and high pollen sterility were detected in F1, F2 and F3, but there was a trend towards increasing seed production and seed viability along the generations, probably due to successful competition between fertile and sterile gametes. The identification of fertile triploids, as well as their recurrent formation along the generations, indicates that triploid block is not complete in red clover, and that triploids may be successfully used as a bridge for the production of sexual polyploids.Porque a poliploidização sexual amplia a base genética e proporciona aos melhoristas maior variabilidade para o processo de seleção, ela pode ser uma ferramenta útil ao melhoramento de trevo vermelho. Com o objetivo de obter plantas tetraplóides que possam ser utilizadas em programas de melhoramento de trevo vermelho, este trabalho relata resultados de três ciclos de cruzamentos, partindo de uma população parental de plantas tetraplóides de trevo vermelho, como genitores femininos, e de diplóides da cultivar Quiñiqueli, selecionados para produção de mais de 1% de grãos de pólen gigantes, como genitores masculinos. Nas outras gerações, os cruzamentos foram realizados por polinizações cruzadas mútuas. Quimerismo para número cromossômico e alta esterilidade de pólen foram detectados em F1 , F2 e F3, mas houve uma tendência para aumento da produção e viabilidade das sementes ao longo das gerações, provavelmente devido à competição bem sucedida entre gametas férteis e estéreis. A identificação de triplóides férteis, assim como sua formação recorrente ao longo das gerações, indica que o bloco triplóide não é completo em trevo vermelho e que triplóides podem ser utilizados com sucesso para a produção de poliplóides sexuais.

  19. Sexual polyploidization in red clover / Poliploidização sexual em trevo vermelho

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carine, Simioni; Maria Teresa, Schifino-Wittmann; Miguel, Dall' Agnol.

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Porque a poliploidização sexual amplia a base genética e proporciona aos melhoristas maior variabilidade para o processo de seleção, ela pode ser uma ferramenta útil ao melhoramento de trevo vermelho. Com o objetivo de obter plantas tetraplóides que possam ser utilizadas em programas de melhoramento [...] de trevo vermelho, este trabalho relata resultados de três ciclos de cruzamentos, partindo de uma população parental de plantas tetraplóides de trevo vermelho, como genitores femininos, e de diplóides da cultivar Quiñiqueli, selecionados para produção de mais de 1% de grãos de pólen gigantes, como genitores masculinos. Nas outras gerações, os cruzamentos foram realizados por polinizações cruzadas mútuas. Quimerismo para número cromossômico e alta esterilidade de pólen foram detectados em F1 , F2 e F3, mas houve uma tendência para aumento da produção e viabilidade das sementes ao longo das gerações, provavelmente devido à competição bem sucedida entre gametas férteis e estéreis. A identificação de triplóides férteis, assim como sua formação recorrente ao longo das gerações, indica que o bloco triplóide não é completo em trevo vermelho e que triplóides podem ser utilizados com sucesso para a produção de poliplóides sexuais. Abstract in english Because sexual polyploidization broadens genetic basis and supply plant breeders with more variability for the selection process, it can be useful in red clover breeding. This paper reports results of three crossing cycles, starting from a parental generation of tetraploid red clover plants (female [...] parent), and diploids from the Quiñiqueli cultivar, selected for production of more than 1% of giant pollen grains (male parent) aiming to obtain tetraploid plants to be used in red clover breeding programs. Crosses in the next generations were performed by mutual cross-pollinations. Chromosome number chimerism and high pollen sterility were detected in F1, F2 and F3, but there was a trend towards increasing seed production and seed viability along the generations, probably due to successful competition between fertile and sterile gametes. The identification of fertile triploids, as well as their recurrent formation along the generations, indicates that triploid block is not complete in red clover, and that triploids may be successfully used as a bridge for the production of sexual polyploids.

  20. Apartar la mente del cuerpo: un acercamiento a los pensamientos y sentimientos de las estudiantes universitarias trabajadoras sexuales / Separating mind and body: an approach to the thoughts and feelings of female university students/sexual workers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Martha Catalina, Loaiza G; Lina Yésica, Moreno O.; Eliana, Zuluaga P..

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de la visión de estudiantes universitarias que son trabajadoras sexuales, este artículo aborda el significado que para ellas tiene dedicarse a este tipo de labor. Objetivo: comprender los significados que sobre su trabajo tienen las estudiantes universitarias trabajadoras sexuales, lo que [...] piensan y sienten de él. Metodología: se partió de la investigación cualitativa con el uso de técnicas etnográficas, utilizando instrumentos de recolección de información como la entrevista, el diario de campo y la revisión documental. Resultados: la vida cotidiana de las estudiantes universitarias trabajadoras sexuales gira alrededor de su vida familiar, universitaria y laboral, recurriendo a la práctica de apartar la mente de su cuerpo para no sucumbir ante sentimientos de tristeza o decepción. Abstract in english This article takes into account the vision of female university students who are also sexual workers and the meaning that job has for them. Objective: to understand the meaning that sexual job has for female university students/sexual workers, what they think and feel about it. Methodology: qualitat [...] ive research was the starting point using ethnographical techniques such as the interview, the field diary and documental revision. Results: the daily life of female university students/sexual workers goes around their family, university and work, where they separate mind from body as a mechanism of emotional protection to avoid sadness and deception.

  1. Percepção de trabalhadores de enfermagem sobre sexualidade de portadores de transtornos mentais / Perception of nursing professionals on sexuality in people with mental disorders

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gisela Cardoso, Ziliotto; João Fernando, Marcolan.

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Conhecer como trabalhadores de enfermagem percebem a sexualidade do portador de transtorno mental. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa qualitativa, fundamentada na teoria das Representações Sociais, realizada por meio de entrevistas com sete enfermeiras e 11 auxiliares de enfermagem, utilizando questionário [...] semiestruturado e duas análises de situações diárias. RESULTADOS: Os depoimentos obtidos revelaram que trabalhadores de enfermagem percebiam a sexualidade enquanto orientação sexual, papel sexual ou manifestação do transtorno. Notamos a disciplina e vigilância como formas de controle de sexualidade manifestada em ambiente hospitalar. CONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se que trabalhadores de enfermagem perceberam a sexualidade do portador de transtorno mental de acordo com seus valores, tabus e preconceitos, configurando despreparo dos profissionais frente à sexualidade do sujeito a ser cuidado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify how nursing professionals perceive sexuality in people with mental disorders. METHODS: This is a quality research study based on the social representation theory. Data were collected through interviews with 7 nurses and 11 nursing assistants using a semistructured questionnair [...] e and two analyses of daily situations. RESULTS: Testimonials revealed that nursing professionals perceived sexuality as sexual orientation, sexual role, or a manifestation disorder. Discipline and surveillance were the techniques used to control sexual behavior in the hospital environment. CONCLUSION: Nursing professionals perceived the sexuality of people with mental disorders according to their own values, taboos, and prejudices, which indicated unpreparedness of nursing professionals concerning the sexuality of individuals receiving care for mental illnesses.

  2. ¿Negocian las parejas su sexualidad? significados asociados a la sexualidad y prácticas de negociación sexual / Do couples negotiate their sexuality? Meanings associated to sexuality and sexual negotiation practices

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariela, Carmona.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone algunos resultados de un estudio cualitativo acerca de significados asociados a la sexualidad y prácticas de negociación sexual en mujeres y hombres de nivel socioeconómico bajo de la ciudad de Santiago de Chile. Los resultados son analizados a la luz de las permanencias y transfo [...] rmaciones en las desigualdades de género. Pese a la existencia de discursos más igualitarios en relación a la sexualidad y a las relaciones de pareja, los que prescriben la autonomía individual, la negociación interindividual y la satisfacción sexual mutua como fuente de bienestar de la relación, se evidencia la persistencia de otros más tradicionales, los que reflejan una concepción de la sexualidad masculina como ilimitada y de la femenina como más controlada, manteniendo la idea de que hombres y mujeres son esencialmente diferentes. Frente a esto, el no hablar y el ceder fueron descritas como las principales prácticas ante las discordancias en materia sexual. Se discute el concepto de negociación sexual verbal, sugiriendo que se trata más bien de un ajuste implícito de significados, el que no siempre implica el reconocimiento de las necesidades del otro, sino que muchas veces conlleva la postergación de uno de los miembros de la pareja, generalmente de la mujer, en pos del nuevo estatus de la sexualidad en la mantención de la relación. Abstract in english This article exposes some of the results of a qualitative study on meanings associated to sexuality and sexual negotiation practices among low-income level men and women of Santiago. The results are analyzed under the light of the permanence and transformations in existing gender inequalities among [...] interviewed discourses. Despite the presence of more egalitarian discourses related to sexuality and couple relationships, which prescribe individual autonomy, inter-individual negotiation and mutual sexual satisfaction as a source of well-being of couple relationship, the persistence of more traditional discourses became evident, which reflects a conception of male sexuality as unlimited and the female sexuality as more controlled, maintaining the idea that men and women are essentially different. In this aspect, the silence or submittal were described as the major practices before discrepancies in sexual matters. We discuss the concept of verbal sexual negotiation, suggesting that it would be more an adjustment of meanings, which does not always imply recognition of the needs of the other, but many times a deferral from one member of the couple, generally the woman, in pursuit of the new status of sexuality in the maintenance of the relationship.

  3. Testing a multiple mediator model of the effect of childhood sexual abuse on adolescent sexual victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bramsen, Rikke H; Lasgaard, Mathias; Koss, Mary P; Shevlin, Mark; Elklit, Ask; Banner, Jytte

    2013-01-01

    The present study modeled the direct relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent peer-to-peer sexual victimization (APSV) and the mediated effect via variables representing the number of sexual partners, sexual risk behavior, and signaling sexual boundaries. A cross-sectional study on the effect of CSA on APSV was conducted, utilizing a multiple mediator model. Mediated and direct effects in the model were estimated employing Mplus using bootstrapped percentile based confidence intervals to test for significance of mediated effects. The study employed 327 Danish female adolescents with a mean age of 14.9 years (SD = 0.5). The estimates from the mediational model indicated full mediation of the effect of CSA on APSV via number of sexual partners and sexual risk behavior. The current study suggests that the link between CSA and APSV was mediated by sexual behaviors specifically pertaining to situations of social peer interaction, rather than directly on prior experiences of sexual victimization. The present study identifies a modifiable target area for intervention to reduce adolescent sexual revictimization. PMID:23330622

  4. Male vulnerability explains the occurrence of sexual cannibalism in a moderately sexually dimorphic wolf spider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Montraveta, Carmen; González, José Miguel; Cuadrado, Mariano

    2014-06-01

    Sexual cannibalism is a widespread phenomenon among a few animal taxa. Its occurrence is interpreted as female and/or male optimal reproductive decisions or as a non-adaptive side effect of selection for efficiently foraging females. In spite of the amount of research addressed at understanding its evolutionary origins, we lack accurate information about the proximate causes of sexual cannibalism. In a moderately sexually dimorphic wolf spider (Hogna radiata, Araneae, Lycosidae) we assessed the factors mediating the occurrence of sexual cannibalism and its fitness benefits to females. Sexual cannibalism was a rather common outcome of laboratory mating interactions, occurring in more than a quarter percent of courtship interactions involving virgin females. Sexual cannibalism mostly followed mating. Occurrence of sexual cannibalism depended on male vulnerability to female attacks: relatively smaller males were at higher risk of being attacked and older males were less likely to avoid female attacks. Sexual cannibalism had direct and positive effects on female fitness, as sexually cannibalistic females exhibited increased fecundity irrespective of their size, condition and foraging rate. Male consumption was almost complete and represented a relevant food intake to females. We interpret sexual cannibalism as a strategic foraging decision for H. radiata females that adjust their aggressive behaviour towards males so as to limit its potential costs. PMID:24631760

  5. Sexual revictimization: the impact of attachment anxiety, accumulated trauma, and response to childhood sexual abuse disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, Inbal; Ben-Amitay, Galit

    2015-01-01

    It has been proposed that a complexity of personal, interpersonal, and environmental factors is related to sexual revictimization among childhood sexual abuse survivors. In this study, we investigated the relations between attachment dimensions, exposure to accumulated childhood traumas, reaction to childhood sexual abuse disclosure, and adult sexual revictimization. Participants were 60 Israeli women with histories of childhood sexual abuse. Seventy percent of the women reported adult sexual revictimization. Revictimization was related to higher attachment anxiety but not to higher attachment avoidance. Revictimization was also related to emotional and physical child abuse but not to emotional and physical child neglect. Revictimization rates were higher among women who had received negative environmental responses following childhood sexual abuse disclosure than among women who had received supportive reactions and those who had not disclosed childhood sexual abuse at all. Findings were significant even after controlling for severity of childhood sexual abuse. The findings emphasize the role of various contextual-interpersonal factors on revictimization vulnerability among the survivors of childhood sexual abuse. PMID:25774414

  6. On the relationship among social anxiety, intimacy, sexual communication, and sexual satisfaction in young couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montesi, Jennifer L; Conner, Bradley T; Gordon, Elizabeth A; Fauber, Robert L; Kim, Kevin H; Heimberg, Richard G

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to better understand why socially anxious individuals experience less sexual satisfaction in their intimate partnerships than nonanxious individuals, a relationship that has been well documented in previous research. Effective communication between partners is an important predictor of relationship satisfaction. Sexual communication, an important aspect of communication between romantic partners, is especially sensitive for couples given the vulnerability inherent in being open about sexual issues. Because socially anxious individuals characteristically report fear of evaluation or scrutiny by others, we hypothesized that the process of building intimacy by sharing personal information about oneself with one's partner, including when this information relates to one's sexuality and/or the sexual domain of the relationship, would be particularly difficult for socially anxious individuals. The present study examined fear of intimacy and sexual communication as potential mediators of the relationship between higher social anxiety and lower sexual satisfaction. Self-report data were collected from 115 undergraduate students and their partners in monogamous, heterosexual, committed relationships of at least 3 months duration. Multilevel path modeling revealed that higher social anxiety predicted higher fear of intimacy, which predicted lower satisfaction with open sexual communication, which, in turn, predicted lower sexual satisfaction. Additionally, there was evidence of mediation as there were significant indirect effects of the antecedent variables on sexual satisfaction. The path model had excellent fit. Implications for social anxiety, intimate relationships, and couples therapy are discussed. PMID:22476519

  7. Testing a multiple mediator model of the effect of childhood sexual abuse on adolescent sexual victimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bramsen, Rikke H; Lasgaard, Mathias

    2013-01-01

    The present study modeled the direct relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent peer-to-peer sexual victimization (APSV) and the mediated effect via variables representing the number of sexual partners, sexual risk behavior, and signaling sexual boundaries. A cross-sectional study on the effect of CSA on APSV was conducted, utilizing a multiple mediator model. Mediated and direct effects in the model were estimated employing Mplus using bootstrapped percentile based confidence intervals to test for significance of mediated effects. The study employed 327 Danish female adolescents with a mean age of 14.9 years (SD = 0.5). The estimates from the mediational model indicated full mediation of the effect of CSA on APSV via number of sexual partners and sexual risk behavior. The current study suggests that the link between CSA and APSV was mediated by sexual behaviors specifically pertaining to situations of social peer interaction, rather than directly on prior experiences of sexual victimization. The present study identifies a modifiable target area for intervention to reduce adolescent sexual revictimization.

  8. Substance use and risky sexual behaviours among sexually experienced Ghanaian youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doku David

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association between risky sexual behaviours and substance uses among Ghanaian youth were investigated. Methods An in-school cross-sectional representative survey was conducted among 12-18-year- old youth in Ghana in 2008 (N?=?1195, response rate =90%. Logistic regression analyses were employed to investigate the association between substance use (tobacco use, drunkenness, marijuana use and other drug uses and risky sexual behaviours (sexual debut, condom use and number of sexual partners. Results Of all youth, 25% (28% boys and 23% girls were sexually experienced. The mean age for first sexual intercourse was 14.8?years (14.4?years for boys and 15.1?years for girls. Among the sexually experienced, 31% had multiple sexual partners. Older age (OR?=?3.4, 95% CI?=?1.7-3.4 and rural residency (OR?=?1.5, 95% CI?=?1.1-2.1 were independently associated with sexual debut while only older age (OR?=?2.4, 95% CI?=?1.7-3.4 was associated with condom use. Additionally, smoking (OR?=?3.7, 95% CI?=?2.0-6.8, tawa use (OR?=?2.4, 95% CI?=?1.3-4.7, tobacco use (OR?=?2.8, 95% CI?=?1.7-4.7 drunkenness (OR?=?1.7, 95% CI?=?1.1-2.8 and marijuana use (OR?=?3.3, 95% CI?=?1.6-7.0 were independently associated with sexual debut. Furthermore, all substance uses studied were associated with having one or multiple sexual partners. Conclusion Substance use seems to be a gateway for risky sexual behaviours among Ghanaian youth. Public health interventions should take into account the likelihood of substance use among sexually experienced youth.

  9. [Politicized sexualities: AIDS activism and sexual orientation in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Ana Cristina

    2002-01-01

    This article analyzes how both the Portuguese state and civil society have addressed the AIDS issue, focusing on participation by the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual community (LGBT) in the struggle against AIDS. The article begins by describing the situation of LGBT individuals in Portugal during the 1990s, when the Portuguese LGBT movement emerged and grew, and then characterizes the evolution of HIV/AIDS in Portugal, analyzing the relationship between civil society and sexuality in general and the situation of the epidemic in the country in particular, considering key facts, nongovernmental organizations, and state initiatives. Special attention is given to the role played by LGBT organizations in the struggle against HIV. Finally, the article reflects on the future of the struggle against both AIDS and discrimination in the 21st century, considering recent events in the country and the guidelines recommended by international policies. PMID:12048586

  10. Actividad sexual y enfermedad cardiovascular / Sexual activity and cardiovascular disease

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Manuel, Sosa Rosado.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La prevalencia de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles se está incrementando en nuestro medio, ya sea por una mayor esperanza de vida de la población o de adopción de estilos de vida menos saludables, lo que se acompaña de un aumento en la prevalencia de obesidad, hipertensión arterial y diabe [...] tes, así como una incidencia mayor de eventos coronarios en pacientes jóvenes. Por lo que, el reinicio de la actividad sexual luego de un evento coronario y el uso de inhibidores de la fosfodiesterasa es un tema que cada vez debemos tratar con más frecuencia con nuestros pacientes y sus cónyuges. Ello tiene un efecto positivo en la salud mental y calidad de vida de nuestros pacientes. En este artículo se plantea las preguntas más frecuentes que debemos resolver los cardiólogos con nuestros pacientes. Abstract in english The prevalence of non transmissible chronic diseases is increasing among us either because of longer life expectancy of the population or because of the acquisition of unhealthy lifestyles. This goes along with an increase in the prevalence of obesity, arterial hypertension and diabetes, as well as [...] higher incidence in coronary events in young patients. So that restart of sexual activity following a coronary event and use of phosphodiesterase inhibitors are themes that we need to discuss more frequently with our patients and their spouses. This has a positive effect in mental health and quality of life of our patients. In this article the most frequent asked questions that we need to solve as cardiologists with our patients are discussed.

  11. Hábitos, Preferencias y Satisfacción Sexual en Estudiantes Universitarios / Habits, Preferences and Sexual Satisfaction in University Students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Beatriz, Navarro Bravo; Laura, Ros Segura; José Miguel, Latorre Postigo; José Carlos, Escribano Villafruela; Verónica, López Honrubia; María, Romero Marchante.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Aproximarnos a las costumbres, preferencias y satisfacción sexual de una muestra de jóvenes universitarios. Diseño. Estudio observacional de carácter transversal. Emplazamiento. El estudio se llevó a cabo en el contexto universitario de Castilla-La Mancha durante el curso 2009/10. Particip [...] antes. Participaron 199 estudiantes universitarios con edades comprendidas entre los 18-29 años. Mediciones principales. Se recogieron datos sobre las costumbres sexuales de los participantes, sus preferencias, la satisfacción con su vida sexual y sus datos sociodemográficos. Resultados. La edad media de inicio de las relaciones sexuales es 17,3 años. El 51,9% de los participantes tienen relaciones sexuales entre 3 y 10 veces al mes, aunque en el caso de aquellos sin pareja estable esta frecuencia es menor. Mediante la escala de satisfacción sexual ISS se ha determinado que los participantes están satisfechos con sus relaciones sexuales, y que no existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la satisfacción sexual entre hombres (media: 20,1) y mujeres (media: 16,8), t (121) = 1,62, p = 0,11. El 77,1% de la muestra dice alcanzar el orgasmo siempre o casi siempre. La postura preferida para los hombres es la relación sexual con el hombre detrás de la mujer, mientras que las mujeres prefieren estar colocadas encima del hombre. El preservativo masculino es el anticonceptivo más habitual y sólo el 1,1% de la muestra no utiliza habitualmente métodos anticonceptivos. Conclusiones. La edad de la primera relación sexual tiende a disminuir y las personas con pareja estable tienen una mayor frecuencia de relaciones sexuales. Tanto hombres como mujeres se muestran satisfechos con su vida sexual e informan de una elevada frecuencia de orgasmos en sus relaciones sexuales. Existe un elevado uso de anticonceptivos por parte de los jóvenes. Abstract in english Objective. To investigate the sexual habits, preferences and satisfaction of a sample of young university students. Design. Cross-sectional, observational study. Setting. Performed in a university setting in Castilla-La Mancha during 2009/10. Participants. One hundred and ninety-nine university stud [...] ents aged between 18-29 years. Main Measurements. Data were collected on the sexual habits of the participants, their preferences, satisfaction with their sexual life and sociodemographic data. Results. The mean age at first sexual relation was 17.34 years. Fifty-two percent of participants had sexual relations between 3 and 10 times a month, although in those without a stable partner this frequency was lower. Using the index of sexual satisfaction (ISS) it was found that participants are satisfied with their sexual relations, and that sexual satisfaction did not differ between men (Mean: 20.07) and women (Mean: 16.79), t (121) = 1.62, p = 0.11. Seventy-seven percent of the sample reported achieving orgasm always or almost always. The preferred position for males was sexual intercourse from behind the female, whereas women tended to prefer being on top of the man. The condom was found to be the most common form of contraception and only 1.1% of the sample reported not usually using contraceptive methods. Conclusions. Age of first sexual relation appears to be decreasing and those people with a stable relationship have a higher frequency of sexual relations. Both men and women appear to be satisfied with their sexual lives and report a high frequency of orgasm. It was found that contraceptive use is high among young people in the study population.

  12. Sexual conflict and antagonistic coevolution across water strider populations.

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, Jc; Rowe, L.

    2012-01-01

    Microevolutionary studies have demonstrated sexually antagonistic selection on sexual traits, and existing evidence supports a macroevolutionary pattern of sexually antagonistic coevolution. Two current questions are how antagonistic selection within-populations scales to divergence among populations, and to what extent intraspecific divergence matches species-level patterns. To address these questions, we conducted an intraspecific comparative study of sexual armaments and mating behaviors i...

  13. Sexuality in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jucilene Sales da Paixão Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior of women with polycystic ovary syndrome and the relationship between sexual behavior and the clinical parameters related to this syndrome (obesity, hirsutism and menstrual irregularities. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 48 women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The evaluation was based on the complaints reported by the women with particular emphasis on sexual satisfaction, the presence of a sexual partner, phases of the sexual response cycle (desire, arousal, orgasm and resolution phases, sexual frequency, practice of masturbation, evaluation of less usual sexual habits, degree of intimacy and the quality of communication in the women’s involvement with their sexual partner. The variables of sexual behavior (sexual satisfaction, masturbation, sexual fantasies, frequency of desire, arousal and orgasm were compared with three clinical parameters: menstrual cycle, hirsutism and body mass index (BMI. Results: The sexual initiation, ways of expressing sexuality, communication and intimacy with partner and sexual satisfaction were not influenced by the clinical aspects of the syndrome. With respect to association of polycystic ovary syndrome clinical parameters with sexual behavior, a statistically significant correlation was found with the menstrual cycle. Conclusion: The absence of menstruation affected sexual interest in activities not involving the partner, thus increasing the frequency of masturbation.

  14. Schools as Sites for Constructing Minority Sexual Orientations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diorio, Joseph A.

    2006-01-01

    Sexual self-identification is seen as a finding of oneself. Much of the literature on the victimization of sexual minority youth takes the underlying reality of sexual orientations as given, and then addresses the objectionable ways in which minority youth are treated. That is, sexual classifications are taken as real, whereas the social responses…

  15. Encompassing Sexual Medicine within Psychiatry: Pros and Cons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segraves, Robert Taylor

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This article examines the positive and negative aspects of psychiatry encompassing sexual medicine within its purview. Methods: MEDLINE searches for the period between 1980 to the present were performed with the terms "psychiatry," "sexual medicine," and "sexual dysfunction." In addition, sexual medicine texts were reviewed for chapters…

  16. Improving Sexuality Education: The Development of Teacher-Preparation Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Elissa M.; Goldfarb, Eva S.; Russell, Susan; Seabert, Denise; Wallen, Michele; Wilson, Kelly L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Teaching sexuality education to support young people's sexual development and overall sexual health is both needed and supported. Data continue to highlight the high rates of teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, among young people in the United States as well as the…

  17. Sexual function after hysterectomy and myomectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira; Pouwels, Nieck Sebastiaan Alexander; Einarsson, Jon Ivar

    2014-11-01

    Sexual function after hysterectomy and myomectomy is a controversial topic and influenced by several factors. With regard to hysterectomy, there is not a consensus whether the removal of the cervix will modify sexual function after surgery, and patients who choose to preserve their cervix should be counseled about the possibility of continued vaginal bleeding and the need for continued pap smear surveillance after surgery. In most studies, hysterectomy has been found to improve sexual function because usually patients have symptoms that indicated the surgery, such as abnormal uterine bleeding and pelvic pain, and as these symptoms cease, they report an improvement in their sexual life. In regards to myomectomy, literature is scarce, however few studies have shown an improvement in sexual function due to the same reasons as hysterectomy. For purposes of research, it is important to standardize sexual questionnaires when performing studies about this outcome. It is also important to emphasize that during discussion of your patient, sexual outcomes should be addressed and that the surgeon should consider all patients' personal, religious, and cultural background during the decision-making process because it will minimize patient's disappointment if she develops a negative response after surgery. PMID:25433152

  18. College students and sexual consent: unique insights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jozkowski, Kristen N; Peterson, Zoë D

    2013-01-01

    Sexual assault continues to be a salient health concern, especially among college women. Because assault is often defined in terms of consent, prevention efforts hinge on promoting the definition and the obtainment of consent as a mechanism to reduce assault. Despite the focus on consent promotion, research specifically examining consent in general and among college students specifically is limited. College students (n = 185) were recruited to participate in an open-ended survey in which they were asked to report how they indicated consent and interpreted their partners' consent to engage in a range of sexual behaviors. Content analysis was utilized to qualitatively analyze responses. In the current study, data were assessed for emerging themes across all items. In examining participants' responses, four distinct themes emerged: (a) endorsement of the traditional sexual script; (b) women are responsible for performing oral sex; (c) men's consent to sex can be aggressive; and (d) men utilize deception to obtain consent to sex. Findings suggest that men are conceptualized as sexual initiators and women as sexual gatekeepers, and that men's sexual pleasure is primary whereas women's experience of pleasure is secondary. Findings articulate the need for more pointed research aimed at assessing sexual consent among college students. PMID:23039912

  19. The medicalization of women's sexual pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Janine; Cacchioni, Thea

    2012-01-01

    The medicalization of women's sexual problems under the overall rubric of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been thoroughly critiqued by feminist scholars, health practitioners, and sex therapists. However, there has been much less commentary on the medicalization of women's sexual pain-currently, a subset of an official FSD diagnosis. This article critically examines interdisciplinary understandings and ways of addressing sexual pain. It analyzes these frameworks in relation to feminist theories on medicalization, heteronormativity, and the reciprocal relationship between these two processes. We argue that many women who experience sexual pain have been eager for medicalization as a path to minimizing pain during sexual activity and reinstating normative heterosexual practices and identities. These goals have been lobbied for by patient advocacy groups and noted by professionals in the field. Although there are some clear benefits to this case for medicalization, there are also theoretical, personal, and political costs. Guided by a growing body of feminist theoretical and qualitative, empirical research on this topic, as well as the first author's personal experience of sexual pain, this article highlights some alternatives to medicalization and makes suggestions for change. PMID:22720824

  20. Sexual behaviours on acute inpatient psychiatric units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, L; Ross, J; Cutting, P; Stewart, D

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of the study was to assess the types and frequency of sexual behaviours displayed by patients during the first 2 weeks of admission to acute psychiatric units and what relationship these have to other challenging patient behaviours. The method used was a survey of sexual behaviours, conflict and containment events carried out by 522 patients during the first 2 weeks of admission in 84 wards in 31 hospitals in the South East of England. Incidents of sexual behaviour were common, with 13% of patients responsible for at least one incident. Although exposure was the most frequent of these behaviours, non-consensual sexual touching, was instigated by 1 in 20 patients. There were no differences in the numbers of sexual events between single sex and mixed gender wards. Few associations were found with the demographic features of perpetrators, although all those engaging in public masturbation were male, and male patients were more likely to sexually touch another without their consent. Single sex wards do not seem to necessarily offer significant protection to potentially vulnerable victims. Perpetrators do not seem to be predictable in advance, nor was there any common set or pattern of disruptive behavioural events indicating that a sexual incident was about to occur. PMID:23627653

  1. Sexuality: Experience of Women with Physical Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosilene Santos Baptista

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available It was aimed to describe the experiences at the practice of sexuality of women with physical disabilities. This study is part of a doctoral thesis entitled sexuality in women with acquired deficiency: nursing in health promotion and empowerment. It was conducted an exploratory descriptive study with qualitative approach, which was carried out from June to October, in the year of 2010. The survey participants were six women members of an association of people with physical disabilities. Data collection was based on focal group. Analysis and discussion by means of the classification of the speeches were performed according to the analysis of content and pertinent literature. In the results, the following categories and sub-categories were identified: concepts, covering self-image and sexuality; social actors, responsible for the promotion of sexuality, with highlight for men, family and health professionals; challenges experienced in the practice of sexuality, with highlight on prejudice and fear of sexual abuse due to the disability. We could state that the focus groups favored the discussion and the self-knowledge of the women with respect to sexuality.

  2. Sexual desire and arousal disorders in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laan, Ellen; Both, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    According to incentive motivation theory, sexual desire is the result of the interplay between a sensitive sexual response system and stimuli that activate the system. From this notion it follows that sexual desire is not a cause but a consequence of sexual arousal. The effects of hormones, somatic disease and medication on sexual arousability are discussed, as well as the influence of psychological factors - such as stimulus meaning, mood and cognition - and relational context on female sexual desire and arousal. At present, much attention is being paid to possible pharmacological treatments for decreased desire and arousal problems, even though desire and arousal seem more strongly associated with psychological and relational factors. Empirical evidence of the effect of psychological treatments for decreased desire and arousal problems in women is scarce. A cognitive-behavioral therapy approach with explicit attention to relational context and a focus on improving arousal and sexual satisfaction has shown to be effective. Knowledge about which treatment elements bring about change is still lacking. PMID:22005202

  3. Sexual dysfunction after cystectomy and urinary diversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modh, Rishi A; Mulhall, John P; Gilbert, Scott M

    2014-08-01

    Erectile dysfunction (ED) in men and sexual dysfunction in men and women are common after cystectomy and urinary diversion. Research has focused on both qualifying the prevalence of ED following cystectomy and identifying surgical approaches to limit sexual dysfunction after surgery, but most studies have been limited by small patient populations, an absence of control groups, and a lack of adjustment for confounding factors. Similarly, quality of life (QoL) research studies have also emerged in the context of bladder cancer and cystectomy, and increase our understanding of sexual outcomes associated with cystectomy. A number of instruments for collection of patient-reported outcomes among patients with bladder cancer treated with cystectomy are available for the assessment of condition-specific and procedure-specific QoL. However, other factors that negatively affect sexual function after removal of the bladder, such as psychological issues, age, and health-related competing risks for ED, body image, partner response, and change in life course and sexual priorities, have received less attention. Nevertheless, ED and sexual dysfunction are important complications of cystectomy and urinary diversion. Although changes in the approach to surgery, such as nerve-sparing cystectomy, might improve outcomes, evaluation and management of the source factors of ED and sexual dysfunction are necessary to optimize recovery of function. PMID:24980191

  4. Relação entre atitudes sexuais, conhecimentos e atitudes sobre VIH/Sida na orientação sexual / Relation between sexual attitudes, knowledge and HIV/AIDS attitudes in sexual orientation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marta, Reis; Lúcia, Ramiro; Margarida Gaspar de, Matos; José Alves, Diniz; Celeste, Simões.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As atitudes e os conhecimentos face à sexualidade não se têm mantido constantes ao longo do tempo. Neste sentido, investigou-se que relação existe entre conhecimentos sobre a transmissão do VIH/Sida, as atitudes sexuais e as face aos portadores do VIH/Sida, em estudantes universitários. Pretende-se [...] ainda avaliar como os conhecimentos e atitudes se relacionam com a orientação sexual. Administraram-se 3278 questionários a 993 homens e 2285 mulheres. Os resultados demonstram que a maioria é sexualmente ativa, teve a primeira relação sexual aos 16 anos. Encontraram-se diferenças estatisticamente signficativas entre a orientação sexual: os homossexuais iniciam a vida sexual antes dos heterossexuais, estes apresentam uma atitude sexual mais positiva do que os bissexuais e por sua vez os homossexuais apresentam uma atitude menos discriminatória face aos portadores do VIH/Sida do que os bissexuais. Para a vivência da sexualidade ser positiva é crucial apostar na educação sexual como estratégia da saúde sexual e reprodutiva. Abstract in english The attitudes and knowledge concerning sexuality haven’t remained constant over time. In this sense, we investigated the relationship between knowledge about HIV / AIDS transmission, sexual attitudes and attitudes towards those living with HIV / AIDS in university students. We also intend to assess [...] how knowledge and attitudes relate to sexual orientation. 3278 questionnaires were administered to 993 men and 2285 women. The results show that most are sexually active, had their first sexual intercourse at 16. We found statistically significative differences as for sexual orientation: homosexuals begin their sexual lives before heterosexuals and these present a more positive sexual attitude than bisexuals. Homossexuals have a less discriminatory attitude towards people infected with the HIV / AIDS than bisexuals. To experience sexuality positively it’s crucial to invest in sexual education as a strategy of sexual and reproductive health.

  5. Sexual abuse of children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugar, M

    1983-01-01

    Parents, relatives, and friends may inflict their passions on children of the same or opposite sex. This is often initiated by sleeping together. Sexual abuse contributes to and causes emotional trauma, although the child's turmoil, confusion, wish for acceptance, and anxiety may be overlooked by the parent and professional. Mutual silence aided by threats adds to the anxiety. Despite the notion that reports of parental sexual exploitation of their children are usually fantasies, there appear to be increasing data that incest and sexual abuse are frequent traumata. At present, there is increased risk of lowering the incest barrier because of increased rates of divorce and step- or surrogate parenthood, since they provide additional potential for being sexually and emotionally traumatized. Sexual abuse seems to be part of a constellation involving neglect and a pathological symbiosis. That sexual abuse is emotionally traumatic is apparent, but it needs emphasizing. Children's defensive reactions may cloud this, and it may be years before such incidents are connected to symptomatic behavior, even when the child is in intensive therapy. In the reported cases, there appears to be a pattern of reactions and defenses related to the traumata that are embedded in imprinting and identification with the aggressor. This leads to sexual abuse being a legacy passed on to the next generation of victims, as the victim becomes the molester through identification. Adolescent self-destructive behavior may stem from guilt about sexually abusing younger children. Therapists may be better able to understand and deal with some of their patients' symptoms if sexual abuse is considered as a possible factor in one or both directions. PMID:6677153

  6. Patterns of adolescent sexual behavior predicting young adult sexually transmitted infections: a latent class analysis approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilenko, Sara A; Kugler, Kari C; Butera, Nicole M; Lanza, Stephanie T

    2015-04-01

    Adolescent sexual behavior is multidimensional, yet most studies of the topic use variable-oriented methods that reduce behaviors to a single dimension. In this study, we used a person-oriented approach to model adolescent sexual behavior comprehensively, using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. We identified five latent classes of adolescent sexual behavior: Abstinent (39 %), Oral Sex (10 %), Low-Risk (25 %), Multi-Partner Normative (12 %), and Multi-Partner Early (13 %). Membership in riskier classes of sexual behavior was predicted by substance use and depressive symptoms. Class membership was also associated with young adult STI outcomes although these associations differed by gender. Male adolescents' STI rates increased with membership in classes with more risky behaviors whereas females' rates were consistent among all sexually active classes. These findings demonstrate the advantages of examining adolescent sexuality in a way that emphasizes its complexity. PMID:24449152

  7. Prevalencia de disfunción sexual en mujeres climatéricas / Prevalence of sexual dysfunction among climacteric women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo, Figueroa J; Daniela, Jara A; Andrea, Fuenzalida P; Mónica, del Prado A; Daniel, Flores; Juan E, Blumel.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: The Female Sexual Function index (FSFI), is a scale designed to evaluate sexuality and diagnose the presence of sexual dysfunction in women. Aim: To apply the FSFI to climacteric women. Patients and methods: The FSFI was applied to 370 healthy women aged between 40 and 59years old (49 ± [...] 6years) that accompanied patients to public health services in Santiago. Results: Fifty six percent of women were married, 44% were postmenopausal, 6% used hormone replacement therapy, 67% were sexually active, and sexual dysfunction was present in 57% of them. Thirty two percent of women aged between 40 and 44 years and 65% of women aged between 55 and 59 years, had sexual dysfunction (p

  8. Behavioral discriminators of sexual sadism and paraphilia nonconsent in a sample of civilly committed sexual offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Henry; Jackson, Rebecca L

    2011-04-01

    Sexual sadism continues to be a diagnosis fraught with controversy concerning its reliability and validity. The current study examined the offense behavior of 39 civilly committed sexual offenders diagnosed with sexual sadism compared to a group of similarly committed individual diagnoses with Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)- Nonconsent. In addition, offense elements common across studies of sadism were identified. Specifically, offense behaviors including victim abduction and confinement, beating the victim during a sexual assault, and using restraints were indicative of sexual sadism across studies. In addition, this study found the use of noncontingent threats as well as gestures of mutuality to be more common among sadists. Results overall suggest that sadistic acts may be more characterized by humiliation of the victim through the exercise of power and control than by the use of violence. Differential diagnosis between Sexual Sadism and Paraphilia NOS-Nonconsent, may be aided by close inspection of offense behavior. PMID:20622251

  9. Some issues of sexual violence against children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanovi? Ivana M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the situation of children-victims of severe sexual violence in the criminal substantive and proceedings law of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia. Through the analysis of specific incriminations sanctioning the worst forms of sexual violence against children as well as the analysis of their proceedings situation, the paper presents necessary amendments in this domain and compliance of our criminal legal system with the contemporary comparative law solutions. At the same time, the paper offers suggestions of possible new solutions in this domain, in accordance with the right of the child to comprehensive protection of his/her sexual integrity.

  10. The male victim of sexual assault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Iain A

    2013-02-01

    Under-reporting by male victims is more pronounced than for females victims, and so male victims remain a rarity for most sexual assault aftercare service providers. In this chapter, I present a review of forensic medical and psycho-social literature on male-on-male rape and sexual assault. Where appropriate, comparison is made with female victims, as that is the context with which most aftercare service providers are familiar. The following aspects are covered: prevalence; definitions; social perceptions of perpetrators and victims of sexual assault on males; characteristics of victims and assaults; physiological and psychological responses; and implications for forensic medical investigation. PMID:22951768

  11. Sorority participation and sexual assault risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minow, Jacqueline Chevalier; Einolf, Christopher J

    2009-07-01

    This study tested the relationship between sexual assault victimization, sorority membership, and participation in a range of sorority activities, using data from a large-sample (N = 779) survey conducted at a midsize public university. A total of 29% of sorority women reported having been sexually assaulted while in college, four times the rate (7%) among nonsorority members. The difference between Greek and non-Greek women remained large even when controls were included for alcohol consumption and attendance at Greek parties where alcohol is served. Among sorority members, participation in social events not involving alcohol correlated negatively with sexual assault, indicating a possible protective effect. PMID:19458092

  12. Triggers and tricks of Plasmodium sexual development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kooij, Taco Wa; Matuschewski, Kai

    2007-12-01

    Irrespective of the tremendous suffering caused by malaria, a Plasmodium infection by pathogenic blood stages is only transient and an obligate step toward the Anopheles vector where sexual reproduction and genetic recombination of the unicellular parasite takes place. Recent expression profiling studies identified the molecular make-up of female and male gametocytes. Differential promoters and translational repression through mRNA binding by a female-specific helicase help to fine-tune the expression of these sexual stage-specific genes. However, we are only just beginning to discover the triggers that initiate gametocytogenesis and the developmental programs that drive sexual development. PMID:18006365

  13. Patterns of faciodental sexual dimorphism in Hispanopithecus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, D W

    1998-01-01

    This paper examines patterns of sexual dimorphism within the Spanish hominid Hispanopithecus. The inclusion of this genus within the Hominidae suggests that extant male and female great ape sexually specific characters are appropriate features for determining the sex of these fossil hominids. It is shown that Hispanopithecus has a distinct sexually dimorphic pattern from that observed in the extant great apes. It is also demonstrated that H. laietanus and H. crusafonti each have a distinct sex pattern from each other. This result further supports the dual species hypothesis. PMID:9850629

  14. Animal sexual abuse in a female sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imbschweiler, I; Kummerfeld, M; Gerhard, M; Pfeiffer, I; Wohlsein, P

    2009-12-01

    A case of animal sexual abuse and sadism in a female sheep is described. The animal suffered severe genital tract injury most likely caused by the insertion and manipulation of a branch of wood and by penile penetration by a human male. Postmortem examination revealed multiple perforations of the vagina with massive haemorrhages. Animal sexual abuse is a complex diagnostic problem in veterinary medicine. Reported cases are often linked to sadism and often lead to the animal's death. Veterinarians should keep in mind animal sexual abuse as a differential diagnosis in cases of anogenital injuries of unknown origin. PMID:18848792

  15. Shared psychotic disorder with sexual delusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lew-Starowicz, Michal

    2012-12-01

    Shared psychotic disorder (SPD) is perceived as a relatively rare and poorly understood psychiatric phenomenon. Patients sharing sexual delusions may refer to sex therapists looking for treatment of an alleged sexual pathology. This might cause significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The aim of this article was to discuss diagnostic and management difficulties of SPD with special interest in patients sharing sexual delusions. PubMed selective search was provided for publications with keywords including SPD, induced delusional disorder, folie à deux, and induced psychosis. One case is presented and discussed according to recent diagnostic criteria and the medical and legal issues of the therapy. PMID:22810994

  16. Base Rates, Multiple Indicators, and Comprehensive Forensic Evaluations: Why Sexualized Behavior Still Counts in Assessments of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everson, Mark D.; Faller, Kathleen Coulborn

    2012-01-01

    Developmentally inappropriate sexual behavior has long been viewed as a possible indicator of child sexual abuse. In recent years, however, the utility of sexualized behavior in forensic assessments of alleged child sexual abuse has been seriously challenged. This article addresses a number of the concerns that have been raised about the…

  17. Sexual Harassment and Sexual Harassment Policy in Jamaica: The Absence of a National Sexual Harassment Policy, and the Way Forward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Peters

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Within the Caribbean only countries such as Belize, Bahamas and Guyana have legitimized legislation against sexual harassment. Countries such as Jamaica, Barbados and St. Kitts and Nevis have draft bills before parliament. In the Jamaican context, the country in September 1981 signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW which came into effect in 1984 which deals with the issue of sexual harassment under Articles 2 (Policy Measures and Legislation and Article 11 (Employment. The current study is an assessment of sexual harassment, components of sexual harassment and sexual harassment policies in Jamaica, and whether such policy would be effective within the context of the culture. The methodology that was utilized for the study was ethnography. Ethnography focuses on describing the cultural traits of a group and may also be used to explore and describe the relationship among variables. This qualitative methodology was thought to be most suited for the nature of research as it describes and situates the phenomenon of sexual harassment in a cultural context, both the broad Jamaican culture and the specific organizational culture. Six themes emerged from the current study. These are culture and perception of harassment; culture and element of harassment; culture and effectiveness of policy; power and power relations and gendered response to harassment. It was postulated and agreed upon that there is no definite definition for sexual harassment, it is fluid and based solely on one’s perception. One respondent said, “We’ve been unable to define sexual harassment it doesn’t have to be intentional or not. Sexual harassment is pretty much from the person’s perspective”. It was brought out during the study that culture would clearly define what is constituted as sexual harassment. A respondent in an elite interview stated that in a Jamaican context sexual harassment is very difficult to be identified because “these societal attitudes to woman and the woman’s bodies is such that the woman’s body is not really her own she doesn’t have a right to decide what is to be done with it, to it and sexual harassment is an extension of that” There was consensus in the focus group that policies such as those for sexual harassment are not meant to act as deterrents per say but as back up plans, a tool to reach for just in case the harassment occurs; “the rules are not enforced they are just there if something happens I don’t think they can be enforced”. As it relates to the implementation of a policy to battle sexual harassment, there were mixed notions. Most respondents were of the view that having a sexual harassment policy may be somewhat effective. However, one respondent citing the experience he had working with Company Sefah (fictitious name that had a ‘no-hugging’ rule voiced his lack of confidence in the implementation and effectiveness of any such policy. For Jamaica to move forward and achieve economic growth, it requires a reasonably content and stable workforce coupled with steady output from countless organizations. Issues such as sexual harassment should be deemed high priority and be combated through the use of effective policy, because it has a great ability to disrupt and detract from the stability of the workforce and the level of consistency of the output of organizations.

  18. Cost of Interacting With Sexual Partners in a Facultative Sexual Microbe

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Jianping

    2005-01-01

    The widespread occurrence of sexual organisms despite the high costs of sex has long intrigued biologists. The best-known costs are the twofold cost of producing males and the cost associated with producing traits to attract mates and to interact with mating partners, such as exaggerated sexual behaviors and morphological modifications. These costs have been inferred from studies of plants and animals but are thought to be absent in facultative sexual microbes. Here, using the facultative sex...

  19. Mental disorder, sexual risk behaviour, sexual violence and HIV in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Lundberg, Patric

    2014-01-01

    Aim The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the association between mental disorder and risk of sexual HIV transmission in a low-income country with a generalized HIV epidemic. Specific objectives were to investigate in Uganda, (1) the association between common mental disorder and sexual risk behaviour, (2) how severe mental disorder could influence sexual risk behaviour, (3) the prevalence of HIV in persons with severe mental disorder, and (4) the association of severe mental d...

  20. Traumatic childhood sexual events and secondary sexual health complaints in neurotic disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Soban?ski, Jerzy A.; Mu?ldner-nieckowski, ?ukasz; Katarzyna Klasa,; Dembin?ska, Edyta; Rutkowski, Krzysztof; Cyranka, Katarzyna

    2013-01-01

    Aim. Assessment of the association between self-reported sexual complaints and recalled childhood sexual adversities in a sample of psychotherapy patients.Material and methods. Coexistence of memories concerning traumatic events and minor sexual adversities and the currently present symptoms were analyzed on the basis of KO”0” Symptom Checklist andLife Inventory completed prior to treatment in the day hospital for neurotic disorders. Questionnaires from 3929 psychotherapy patients were an...

  1. Sexual harassment among adolescents of different sexual orientations and gender identities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ybarra, Michele L; Korchmaros, Josephine D

    2014-02-01

    This article examines (a) variation in rates of sexual harassment across mode (e.g., in-person, online) and type of harassment, (b) the impact of sexual harassment (i.e., distressing vs. non-distressing), and (c) how sexual harassment is similarly and differently experienced across sexual orientation and gender identity groups. Data were collected as part of the Teen Health and Technology online survey of 5,907 13 to 18 year-old Internet users in the United States. Past year sexual harassment was reported by 23-72% of youth, depending upon sexual orientation, with the highest rates reported by lesbian/queer girls (72%), bisexual girls (66%), and gay/queer boys (66%). When examined by gender identity, transgender youth reported the highest rates of sexual harassment - 81%. Overall, the most common modes for sexual harassment were in-person followed by online. Distress in the form of interference with school, family, and/or friends; creating a hostile environment; or being very/extremely upset was reported by about half of the sexually harassed bisexual girls and lesbian/queer girls, 65% of the gender non-conforming/other gender youth, and 63% of the transgender youth. Youth with high social support and self-esteem were less likely to report sexual harassment. Findings point to the great importance of sexual harassment prevention for all adolescents, with particular emphasis on the unique needs and experiences of youth of different sexual orientations and gender identities. Socio-emotional programs that emphasize self-esteem building could be particularly beneficial for reducing the likelihood of victimization and lessen the impact when it occurs. PMID:24148274

  2. Neural Correlates of Sexual Cue Reactivity in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours

    OpenAIRE

    Voon, Valerie; Mole, Thomas B.; Banca, Paula; Porter, Laura; Morris, Laurel; Mitchell, Simon; Lapa, Tatyana R.; Karr, Judy; Harrison, Neil A.; Potenza, Marc N.; Irvine, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Although compulsive sexual behaviour (CSB) has been conceptualized as a “behavioural” addiction and common or overlapping neural circuits may govern the processing of natural and drug rewards, little is known regarding the responses to sexually explicit materials in individuals with and without CSB. Here, the processing of cues of varying sexual content was assessed in individuals with and without CSB, focusing on neural regions identified in prior studies of drug-cue reactivity. 19 CSB s...

  3. The evolution of the female sexual response concept: Treatment implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damjanovi? Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sexual dysfunctions have been the most prevalent group of sexual disorders and include a large number of populations of both sexes. The research of sexual behavior and treatment of women with sexual distress arises many questions related to differences in sexual response of men and women. The conceptualization of this response in modern sexology has changed over time. The objective of our paper was to present the changes and evolution of the female’s sexual response concept in a summarized and integrated way, to analyze the expanded and revised definitions of the female sexual response as well as implications and recommendations of new approaches to diagnostics and treatment according to the established changes. The lack of adequate empirical basis of the female sexual response model is a critical question in the literature dealing with this issue. Some articles report that linear models demonstrate more correctly and precisely the sexual response of women with normal sexual functions in relation to women with sexual dysfunction. Modification of this model later resulted in a circular model which more adequately presented the sexual response of women with sexual function disorder than of women with normal sexual function. The nonlinear model of female sexual response constructed by Basson incorporates the value of emotional intimacy, sexual stimulus and satisfaction with the relationship. Female functioning is significantly affected by multiple psychosocial factors such as satisfaction with the relationship, self-image, earlier negative sexual experience, etc. Newly revised, expanded definitions of female sexual dysfunction try to contribute to new knowledge about a highly contextual nature of woman’s sexuality so as to enhance clinical treatment of dysfunctions. The definitions emphasize the evaluation of the context of women’s problematic sexual experiences.

  4. Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Carmichael, Gordon; Banwell, Cathy; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1,750 young Northern Thai people aged 17-20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent partner turnover. High percentages also engage in unprotected sexual intercourse wit...

  5. Factors influencing fluoxetine-induced sexual dysfunction in female rats

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Sarah; Heckard, Danyeal; Hassell, James; Uphouse, Lynda

    2012-01-01

    Treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine, produces sexual side effects with low sexual desire being the most prevalent effect in females. In few studies have preclinical models for such antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction been fruitful. In the current manuscript, the effects of fluoxetine on multiple measures of female sexual motivation and sexual receptivity were examined. Ovariectomized, Fischer rats were primed with 10 ?g estradiol benzoate and 500 ...

  6. Sexual Identity Group Differences in Child Abuse and Neglect

    OpenAIRE

    Alvy, Lisa M.; Hughes, Tonda L.; Kristjanson, Arlinda F.; Wilsnack, Sharon C.

    2013-01-01

    Research suggests that sexual minority women are more likely than heterosexual women to report childhood abuse, but little is known about potential within-group variations in experiences of abuse among sexual minority women. We investigated rates and characteristics of childhood sexual and physical abuse among women from five sexual identity groups. Our analyses used a pooled sample of women from a national probability study and a large community-based study of sexual minority women designed ...

  7. Aspects of sexual self-perception in schizophrenic patients

    OpenAIRE

    Marija Vucic Peitl; Gordana Rubesa; Vjekoslav Peitl; Ðulijano Ljubicic; Eduard Pavlovic

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Self-perception is a complex, dynamic system and sexual self-perception is only one of the items in that complex system. Our goal was to establish whether the differences in sexual self-perception between schizophrenic patients and healthy individuals exist, and to establish possible differences in sexual self-perception between acute and chronic schizophrenic patients. Method: Bezinovic’s test for sexual self-perception was used because it assesses multiple aspects of sexual sel...

  8. Profile of sexuality in Moroccan chronic low back pain patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bahouq Hanane; Fadoua Allali; Hanan Rkain; Ihsane Hmamouchi; Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Sexual life had an important role in preserving the good quality of life for patients and for their partner. Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) as other musculoskeletal diseases may affect all aspects of life including sexual functioning. The purpose of this study is to describe the impact of CLBP on the sexual life of patients and to identify the factors that affect their Sexual Quality of Life (SQOL). Methods One hundred CLBP sexually active patients were included. Patients an...

  9. Intrasexual competition in females: evidence for sexual selection?

    OpenAIRE

    Rosvall, Kimberly A.

    2011-01-01

    In spite of recent interest in sexual selection in females, debate exists over whether traits that influence female–female competition are sexually selected. This review uses female–female aggressive behavior as a model behavioral trait for understanding the evolutionary mechanisms promoting intrasexual competition, focusing especially on sexual selection. I employ a broad definition of sexual selection, whereby traits that influence competition for mates are sexually selected, whereas th...

  10. Sexual behaviours and contraceptive use among adolescents in Kintampo, Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Boamah, E. A.

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: unsafe sexual behaviour among adolescents has drawn attention from all spheres of life because it makes them susceptible to different sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies sometimes leading to abortion and a host of other health related problems. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the sexual and reproductive health, particularly sexual activity and contraceptive use among adolescents in Kintampo, Ghana, to contribute to the limited data on adolescent sexual and reproductive hea...

  11. Sexually selected females in the monogamous Western Australian seahorse

    OpenAIRE

    Kvarnemo, Charlotta; Moore, Glenn I.; Jones, Adam G.

    2006-01-01

    Studies of sexual selection in monogamous species have hitherto focused on sexual selection among males. Here, we provide empirical documentation that sexual selection can also act strongly on females in a natural population with a monogamous mating system. In our field-based genetic study of the monogamous Western Australian seahorse, Hippocampus subelongatus, sexual selection differentials and gradients show that females are under stronger sexual selection than males: mated females are larg...

  12. Sexual Knowledge and Victimization in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Brown-lavoie, S. M.; Viecili, M. A.; Weiss, J. A.

    2014-01-01

    There is a significant gap in understanding the risk of sexual victimization in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and the variables that contribute to risk. Age appropriate sexual interest, limited sexual knowledge and experiences, and social deficits, may place adults with ASD at increased risk. Ninety-five adults with ASD and 117 adults without ASD completed questionnaires regarding sexual knowledge sources, actual knowledge, perceived knowledge, and sexual victimization. Ind...

  13. Prevalence and associated factors of sexual violence among private college female students in Bahir Dar city, North Western Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berihun Megabiaw

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite the higher risk victimization of young women in Ethiopia, the prevalence of sexual violence and its determinants among college students were scarce, particularly in the study area. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and associated factors of sexual violence among female private college students in Bahir Dar city. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in April 2012 among 541 female college students in Bahir Dar city using multistage sampling technique. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was used. The data were analyzed in bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with SPSS version 16 soft ware package. Result: The study revealed that the prevalence of sexual violence among female college students was 37.3%. Respondents whose childhood background from rural areas were more than four times likely to have had sexual violence (AOR = 4.51, 95%CI: 1.67 - 12.16. The odds of sexual violence were higher for those respondents who had a close friend who drank alcohol (AOR = 3.13, 95%CI: 1.09 - 8.97. Besides, respondents who had never discussed on reproductive health issues with their parents were more than four times likely to have had sexual violence (AOR = 4.36, 95%CI: 1.40 -13.56. Conclusion: This study shows that sexual violence among female college students is higher. Sexual violence is associated with certain variables such as rural childhood residence, having a close friend who drank alcohol, and not discussing reproductive issues with parents. Therefore, it is recommend ed that sexual violence needs due attention and remedial action from policy makers, college officials, parents, students and other concerned bodies.

  14. Sexuality in Transit - gender gaming and spaces of sexuality in late modernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heinskou, Marie Bruvik

    2015-01-01

    Through an investigation of a reported rape, this article suggests that we conceive sexuality as a transitional object that changes and transforms depending on space and temporality. This makes sexuality difficult to grasp within specific and stable frames of gender and power analysis. Applying such an approach, the complexities of sexual assault, changing power relations and unstable narratives of gender and sexuality are illuminated. The analysis shows that the traditional divide between public and private has dissolved and that public spaces of pop culture are drawn into spaces of intimacy and thereby renegotiated and domesticated.

  15. An exploration of child sexual abusers' sexual fantasies before and after treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaffer, T; Hollin, C; Beech, A; Beckett, R; Fisher, D

    2000-01-01

    Although there is a substantial literature looking at the relationship between deviant sexual fantasies and child sexual abuse, there is scant previous work that focuses upon the actual content of such fantasies. The present study looks at child sexual abusers' deviant fantasies both pre- and postintervention. Using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, a description of the frequency and content of, and triggers for, child sexual abusers' deviant fantasies is reported both pre- and postintervention. The implications of this information for subsequent intervention programs is explored. PMID:10729960

  16. Sexuality and sexual life in women with spinal cord injury: a controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreuter, M.; Siosteen, A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe sexual life in women with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Controlled cross-sectional, questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Women, 18-65 years, treated at spinal cord centres in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland. 545 women (57%) completed the questionnaires. The age-matched control group consisted of 507 women. The 104-item Spinal Cord Injury Women Questionnaire, was designed to assess different dimensions of sexuality. RESULTS: 80% of the women with spinal cord injury had engaged in sex after the injury. Reasons for not wanting or not having the courage to be intimate and sexual were physical problems, low sexual desire, low self-esteem and feelings of being unattractive. The motivations of both the women with spinal cord injury and controls to engage in sexual activity were intimacy-based rather than primarily sexual. Being in the right mood both before and during sex to become receptive to sexual stimulation was important. CONCLUSION: For women who are able to overcome the physical restrictions and mental obstacles due to injury, it is possible to regain an active and positive sexual life together with a partner. Sexual information and counselling should be available both during initial rehabilitation and later when the women have returned to their homes Udgivelsesdato: 2008/1

  17. Variables epidemiológicas relacionadas con las infecciones de transmisión sexual / Behavior of sexually trasmitted diseases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Joel Ramón, Sánchez Portela; Belkis, Verga Tirado; Luanda, Sánchez Cámara.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones de transmisión sexual representan un serio problema a nivel mundial, siendo los jóvenes particularmente vulnerables. El crecimiento general de los pacientes con infecciones de transmisión sexual en San Cristóbal fue de 7,2% en relación con el año anterior. La comunidad [...] El Vaquerito, del Consejo Popular de Los Pinos, fue la más afectada. Objetivo: evaluar el comportamiento de los infecciones de transmisión sexual en la comunidad El Vaquerito en relación a la edad de los pacientes, el sexo, las relaciones de promiscuidad y la orientación sexual masculina. Material y métodos: se aplicó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y transversal, durante el período septiembre 2010-septiembre 2011. La muestra estuvo conformada por el ciento por ciento de los pacientes enfermos. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas individuales, las encuestas epidemiológicas y las tarjetas de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria, a los que se le realizó el cálculo de por ciento y prueba de Chi cuadrado. Resultados: predominaron las infecciones en el sexo femenino (66,1%), el grupo de edad de 20-24 años (35,6%). El 52,04% de los casos refirió haber mantenido relaciones sexuales conceptualizadas como promiscuas. Entre los hombres predominó la infección de transmisión sexual entre los que mantuvieron conducta sexual heterosexual (45%). Se constató que el 72,5% de los casos mantuvieron relaciones sexuales desprotegidas. Conclusiones: fue significativa la relación entre los factores evaluados y la aparición de infecciones de transmisión sexual. Abstract in english Introduction: sexually trasmitted infections (STI) represent a serious problem worldwide, the young being particularly vulnerable. In San Cristobal, the overall increase of patients with sexually trasmitted diseases was of 7.2% according to the previous year. The community El Vaquerito, in Los Pinos [...] Popular Council, was the most affected. Objective: to evaluate the behavior of sexually trasmitted infections in the community El Vaquerito, in connection with the age of patients, sex, promiscuity relationships and male sexual orientation. Material and method: a retrospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study was applied from September 2010 to September 2011. The data was obtained from personal clinical records, epidemiological surveys and cards of notifiable diseases, to which the percentage was calculated together with the chi-squared test. Results: diseases in male patients (66.1%) and age group 20-24 years old (35.6%) predominated. 52.04% of the patients referred to have had any sexual intercourse conceptualized as promiscous. Among the male patients, the predomination was among those who had a heterosexual behaviour (45%). 72.5% of the patients had unprotected sexual intercourse. Conclusions: The connection between the assessed factors and the onset of sexually trasmited diseases was significant.

  18. Sexual satisfaction of infertile couples assessed using the Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoji, Mayumi; Hamatani, Toshio; Ishikawa, Shoko; Kuji, Naoaki; Ohta, Hiroaki; Matsui, Hideo; Yoshimura, Yasunori

    2014-01-01

    Recently, infertility treatment-related psychological effects are receiving increased attention. However, whether sexual satisfaction is reduced amongst infertile couples remains to be elucidated. In this study, sexual satisfaction of Japanese infertile couples was assessed using a validated questionnaire designed to assess the male and female partner individually, and the couple as a whole for the first time. This study randomly included 170 infertile couples seen at the outpatient clinic and 170 couples that had recently achieved spontaneous pregnancy. All couples were given the Japanese version of the Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). In couples aged 35 years or older, the male partners showed significantly worse sexual satisfaction scores than the female partners. Sexual satisfaction also deteriorated with therapeutic interventions, with mental factors affected more than physical factors. Therapeutic interventions such as timed sexual intercourse and assisted reproductive technology were considered emotionally stressful for infertile couples, with sexual satisfaction accordingly lower in this group than in couples achieving spontaneous pregnancy. GRISS successfully evaluated lower sexual satisfaction associated with infertility, and hence is a useful tool for identifying couples whose sexual satisfaction could be enhanced by counselling or other stress-reduction modalities. PMID:24902628

  19. Pornography and the Male Sexual Script: An Analysis of Consumption and Sexual Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Chyng; Bridges, Ana; Johnason, Jennifer; Ezzell, Matt

    2014-12-01

    Pornography has become a primary source of sexual education. At the same time, mainstream commercial pornography has coalesced around a relatively homogenous script involving violence and female degradation. Yet, little work has been done exploring the associations between pornography and dyadic sexual encounters: What role does pornography play inside real-world sexual encounters between a man and a woman? Cognitive script theory argues media scripts create a readily accessible heuristic model for decision-making. The more a user watches a particular media script, the more embedded those codes of behavior become in their worldview and the more likely they are to use those scripts to act upon real life experiences. We argue pornography creates a sexual script that then guides sexual experiences. To test this, we surveyed 487 college men (ages 18-29 years) in the United States to compare their rate of pornography use with sexual preferences and concerns. Results showed the more pornography a man watches, the more likely he was to use it during sex, request particular pornographic sex acts of his partner, deliberately conjure images of pornography during sex to maintain arousal, and have concerns over his own sexual performance and body image. Further, higher pornography use was negatively associated with enjoying sexually intimate behaviors with a partner. We conclude that pornography provides a powerful heuristic model which is implicated in men's expectations and behaviors during sexual encounters. PMID:25466233

  20. Sexual cognition guides viewing strategies to human figures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Charlotte L; Hogue, Todd; Guo, Kun

    2014-01-01

    Gaze patterns to figure images have been proposed to reflect the observer's sexual interest, particularly for men. This eye-tracking study investigated how individual differences in sexual motivation tendencies are manifested in naturalistic gaze patterns. Heterosexual men and women (M = 21.0 years, SD = 2.1) free-viewed plain-clothed male and female figures, aged 10, 20, and 40 years old, while their eye movements were recorded. Questionnaires were used to measure sexual cognitions, including sensation seeking and sexual compulsivity, sexual inhibition and excitation, and approach and avoidance responses to sexual stimuli. Our analysis showed a clear role of sexual cognitions in influencing gaze strategies for men. Specifically, men who scored higher on sexual compulsivity dedicated more gaze to the waist-hip region when viewing figures of their preferred sexual partners than men who scored lower on sexual compulsivity. Women's sexual cognitions showed no clear effect on the gaze pattern in viewing figures of their preferred age and gender of sexual partners, suggesting women's gaze is unlikely to be a straightforward reflection of their sexual preferences. The findings further suggest that men's gaze allocation is driven by sexual preferences and supports the utility of eye tracking in the assessment of male sexual interest. PMID:23148708

  1. Sexual dimorphism in Liolaemus occipitalis (Iguania, Tropiduridae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Verrastro

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available The sexual dimorphism in size, morphology and color of the lizard Liolaemus occipitalis Boulenger, 1885 was studied. Thirty-two adult males and twenty-eight adult females were sampled from a population in the Jardim do Éden beach, near Tramandaí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Size related sexual dimorphism occurred in all compared body dimensions. The largest female was 59.6 mm in snout-vent length, and the largest male was 69.3 mm. Males and females also presented differences in ventral and dorsal color pattern, and in the presence of pre-cloacal pores. The results suggest that, in Liolaemus occipitalis, sexual dimorphism in size is determined by sexual selection, competition between males and by the high energetic cost for females a few months after hatching.

  2. Sexual dimorphism in Liolaemus occipitalis (Iguania, Tropiduridae)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Laura, Verrastro.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available The sexual dimorphism in size, morphology and color of the lizard Liolaemus occipitalis Boulenger, 1885 was studied. Thirty-two adult males and twenty-eight adult females were sampled from a population in the Jardim do Éden beach, near Tramandaí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Size related sexual dimorp [...] hism occurred in all compared body dimensions. The largest female was 59.6 mm in snout-vent length, and the largest male was 69.3 mm. Males and females also presented differences in ventral and dorsal color pattern, and in the presence of pre-cloacal pores. The results suggest that, in Liolaemus occipitalis, sexual dimorphism in size is determined by sexual selection, competition between males and by the high energetic cost for females a few months after hatching.

  3. Ethical issues in sexual misconduct by clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutheil, T G

    1994-01-01

    Sexual misconduct by clinicians in the form of sexual relations with patients has long been recognized as an ethics violation and an activity suitable for assessment by the ethics committees of institutions and local and national professional organizations. The issue can be examined from the vantage point of several types of duties which bear ethical implications; these ethical duties proceed from the following four notions in this area: Sexual misconduct represents a violation of professional ethics as a fiduciary breach, abuse of a power asymmetry, exploitation of vulnerability and use of undue influence. While objections to these criteria may be raised in terms of freedom of association and consent, the violation of ethical principles by sexual misconduct remains clear. PMID:7799541

  4. Sexual abuse in children - what to know

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... themselves and seem to have secrets Sexually abused children might have: Bowel control problems, such as soiling themselves (encopresis) Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa) Genital or rectal problems, such as ...

  5. Neural control of sexually dimorphic behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manoli, Devanand S; Fan, Pu; Fraser, Eleanor J; Shah, Nirao M

    2013-06-01

    All sexually reproducing animals exhibit gender differences in behavior. Such sexual dimorphisms in behavior are most obvious in stereotyped displays that enhance reproductive success such as mating, aggression, and parental care. Sexually dimorphic behaviors are a consequence of a sexually differentiated nervous system, and recent studies in fruit flies and mice reveal novel insights into the neural mechanisms that control these behaviors. In the main, these include a diverse array of novel sex differences in the nervous system, surprisingly modular control of various stereotyped dimorphic behavioral routines, and unanticipated sensory and central modulation of mating. We start with a brief overview to provide the appropriate conceptual framework so that the advances made by the newer studies discussed subsequently can be fully appreciated. We restrict our review to reporting progress in understanding the basis of mating and aggression in fruit flies and mice. PMID:23680385

  6. Hormones and sexual orientation: a questionable link.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, A; Gartrell, N K

    1995-01-01

    This paper critically reviews the studies which explore a possible causal relationship between sex hormones and the development of sexual orientation. Early studies focused on hormone measurements in adult men and women. While definitive interpretations are hindered by methodological problems, the studies as a whole do not support a causal relationship between postnatal hormone levels and sexual orientation. More recently, a theory that prenatal hormone levels produce varying degrees of brain androgenization and subsequent dimorphic sex role behavior has consistently been supported by studies in lower mammals. Attempts to generalize the causes of sexual orientation from animals to humans have been controversial. Efforts to measure the estrogen feedback as an indication of brain androgenization have produced inconsistent results. Studies of men and women who experienced defect in hormone metabolism (i.e., CAH and testicular feminization) have not found a concurrent increase in homosexual behavior. Overall, the data do not support a causal connection between hormones and human sexual orientation. PMID:7560930

  7. Modern day influences on sexual behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aral, Sevgi O; Ward, Helen

    2005-06-01

    To better understand temporal trends in sexual behavior and their determinants, it is important to look at the demographic and technologic context in which we live; both affect sexual behaviors. Mental disorders and CSA emerge as important correlates of high-risk sexual behaviors. The changing role and expectations of women-the result of major economic and social transformation-transform society further through changes to family and community structures. These changes occur alongside increasing inequality and upheavals in the world, all of which are more visible through increased mobility and communication in the "global village." Changes in sexual norms, relationships, abuse, and mental health are better understood in the context of this broad political background. PMID:15963873

  8. A cumulative scale of severe sexual sadism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitschke, Joachim; Osterheider, Michael; Mokros, Andreas

    2009-09-01

    The article assesses the scale properties of the criterion set for severe sexual sadism in a sample of male forensic patients (N = 100). Half of the sample consists of sexual sadists; the remainder is sampled at random from the general group of nonsadistic sex offenders. Eleven of 17 criteria (plus the additional item of inserting objects into the victim's bodily orifices) of Marshall, Kennedy, Yates, and Serran's list form a cumulative scale. More specifically, this scale comprises all the 5 core criteria that Marshall and his colleagues considered particularly relevant. The resulting 11-item scale of severe sexual sadism is highly reliable (r(tt) = .93) and represents a strong scale (H = .83) of the Guttman type (coefficient of reproducibility = .97). The 11-item scale distinguishes perfectly between sexual sadists and nonsadistic sex offenders in the sample. PMID:19605691

  9. Fantasías Sexuales en Estudiantes Universitarios Mexicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos\\u00E9 Moral de la Rubia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objetivos estudiar la frecuencia con la que se experimentan fantasías sexuales, su contenido más frecuente, determinar diferencias por sexos y observar si existe relación entre el contenido más frecuente y abuso sexual infantil. Se trabajó con una muestra de 395 estudiantes de psicología de una universidad pública del noreste de México/MX. Se aplicó un cuestionario de sexualidad. El 97% de los hombres y 75% de las mujeres reportaban tener fantasías sexuales. Los contenidos más frecuentes fueron las fantasías románticas y de coito vaginal, seguido de sexo heterosexual no convencional por actividad o lugar y de promiscuidad, tríos y orgías. Un 3% de las mujeres señalaba como fantasías más frecuentes las de contenido homosexual frente al 0% de los hombres. Las víctimas de abuso sexual, comparadas con el resto de la muestra, mostraron mayores porcentajes de los contenidos de promiscuidad, sadomasoquismo y homosexualidad, aunque sin alcanzar significación estadística.

  10. Body Image, Relationships and Sexuality After Amputation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amputations affect our lives in many ways – our body image, relationships, and even sexuality. Here is information about ... issues along with ways to deal with them. Body Image We all think about how we look. Starting ...

  11. Sexual dysfunctions after prostate cancer radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sexual dysfunctions are a quality of life main concern following prostate cancer treatment. After both radiotherapy and brachytherapy, sexual function declines progressively, the onset of occurrence of erectile dysfunction being 12-18 months after both treatments. The pathophysiological pathways by which radiotherapy and brachytherapy cause erectile dysfunction are multi-factorial, as patient co-morbidities, arterial damage, exposure of neurovascular bundle to high levels of radiation, and radiation dose received by the corpora cavernosa at the crurae of the penis may be important in the aetiology of erectile dysfunction. Diagnosis and treatment of postradiation sexual dysfunctions must integrate pre-therapeutic evaluation and information to provide to the patient and his partner a multidisciplinary sexual medicine management. (authors)

  12. ADOLESCENTS’ SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC ATTAINMENT*

    OpenAIRE

    Frisco, Michelle L.

    2008-01-01

    High school students today have high ambitions but do not always make choices that maximize their likelihood of educational success. This is the motivation for investigating relationships between high school sexual behavior and two important academic attainment milestones: earning a high school diploma and enrollment in distinct postsecondary programs. Analysis of data from 7,915 National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988–1994 participants indicates that timing of sexual initiation, cont...

  13. Sexual acquisition of beneficial symbionts in aphids

    OpenAIRE

    Moran, Nancy A.; Dunbar, Helen E.

    2006-01-01

    A noted cost of mating is the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections that are detrimental to the recipient. But many microbial associates of eukaryotes are mutualistic, raising the possibility that sexual contact provides the opportunity to acquire symbionts that are beneficial. In aphids, facultative bacterial symbionts, which benefit hosts by conferring resistance to natural enemies or to heat, are transmitted maternally with high fidelity and are maintained stably throughout hun...

  14. Sexual Health Education for Eight Graders

    OpenAIRE

    Tuomela, Mari; Kauppila, Tiina

    2009-01-01

    The aim and focus of the project- based thesis was to become known with relevant facts about the knowledge fourteen- year- olds have toward sex and sexuality. The primary target was to discover the level of knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) and the secondary target was to make the already existing knowledge stronger as well as to reveal more information. Definition was made how sex is understood in this nation by searching theoretical background and how the actions of ...

  15. Monte Carlo simulations of sexual reproduction

    CERN Document Server

    Stauffer, D

    1996-01-01

    Modifying the Redfield model of sexual reproduction and the Penna model of biological aging, we compare reproduction with and without recombination in age-structured populations. In contrast to Redfield and in agreement with Bernardes we find sexual reproduction to be preferred to asexual one. In particular, the presence of old but still reproducing males helps the survival of younger females beyond their reproductive age.

  16. Disruptive sexual selection in Colias eurytheme butterflies.

    OpenAIRE

    Sappington, T. W.; Taylor, O. R.

    1990-01-01

    Sexual selection on male pheromone composition in Colias eurytheme (Pieridae) butterflies has the remarkable effect of increasing the variability of this trait. Sexual selection on important traits is generally thought to have a strong stabilizing effect on intraspecific variation of those characters. In this species, however, the male courtship pheromone is highly variable in the relative proportions of its three chemical constituents. Stabilization and/or canalization of this polygenic char...

  17. Sexual function in women with neurological disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Hulter, Birgitta

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to study sexual function in women with neurological disorders at fairly distinct and separate locations. The dissertation comprises descriptive, retrospective, quantitative studies on sexual functioning in women with hypothalamo-pituitary disorders (HPD) (n:48), multiple sclerosis (MS)(n:47), and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) (n:42). The results werecompared with those in an age-matched control group (C) (n:42), and as reported by representat...

  18. The effects of child sexual abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Macintyre, Deirdre; Carr, Alan

    1999-01-01

    A substantial body of empirical evidence now shows that child sexual abuse has profound effects on the psychological adjustment of children (Kendall-Tackett, Williams & Finkelhor, 1993) and these effects in some instances continue on into adulthood (Beitchman, Zucker, Hood, Da Costa & Akman, 1991). A wide range of factors mediate the impact of abuse on adjustment (Spacarelli, 1994). In this chapter the impact of sexual abuse on children and adults will be addressed with refe...

  19. Issues in the diagnosis of sexual sadism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William L. Marshall

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarizes our research to date on sexual sadism. Our initial review of the literature revealed confusion over diagnostic criteria. Our first empirical study showed that experienced forensic psychiatrists did not accurately employ many of the important diagnostic criteria while our second study demonstrated that internationally-renowned forensic psychiatrists could not reliably apply the diagnosis. On the basis of these observations we developed a Sexual Sadism Scale that we are now in the process of evaluating.

  20. Issues in the diagnosis of sexual sadism

    OpenAIRE

    Marshall, William L.; Hucker, Steven J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper summarizes our research to date on sexual sadism. Our initial review of the literature revealed confusion over diagnostic criteria. Our first empirical study showed that experienced forensic psychiatrists did not accurately employ many of the important diagnostic criteria while our second study demonstrated that internationally-renowned forensic psychiatrists could not reliably apply the diagnosis. On the basis of these observations we developed a Sexual Sadism Scale that we are...

  1. Validación de las Escalas de Inhibición Sexual/Excitación Sexual-Forma Breve (SIS/SES-SF) / Validation of the Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales-Short Form (SIS/SES-SF)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nieves, Moyano; Juan Carlos, Sierra.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se plantea la adaptación y validación española de la versión breve de la Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales que evalúan la propensión hacia la excitación e inhibición sexuales. Fue contestada a través de Internet, junto a otras medidas de funcionamiento sexual, por 796 sujetos de la població [...] n general (18-84 años). El Análisis Factorial Exploratorio dio lugar a una estructura factorial similar a la original (Escala de Excitación Sexual, ESS; y dos Escalas de Inhibición Sexual, SIS1 y SIS2), que fue ratificada mediante Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio. Además, la escala resultó equivalente para hombres y mujeres al alcanzar un nivel de invarianza estricta. La consistencia interna es adecuada. La dimensión SES se relaciona positivamente al deseo sexual, mientras que SIS1 y SIS2 lo hacen de forma negativa. Las dos medidas de inhibición sexual se asocian a peor funcionamiento sexual. Los hombres muestran mayor puntuación en SES y las mujeres en SIS1. Abstract in english This study proposes the adaptation and validation of the Spanish version of the Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales for the assessment of individual propensity for sexual excitation and sexual inhibition. The scale was located online and it was administered with other measures of sexual funct [...] ioning. The questionnaires were answered by 796 individuals from the general population (18-84 years old). The Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded a factorial structure which was similar to the one proposed originally (Sexual Excitation Scale, SES; and two Sexual Inhibition Scales, SIS1 and SIS2), which was confirmed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The scale was equivalent between men and women, as it reached strict invariance. Internal consistency is adequate. The SES dimension is positively related to sexual desire, while SIS1 and SIS2 are negatively related to it. The two measures of sexual inhibition are associated with worse sexual functioning. Men show higher scores on SES and women on SIS1.

  2. Detection of spermatozoa following consensual sexual intercourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Birgitte Schmidt; Thomsen, JØrgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In cases of sexual assault, the finding of semen can provide crucial evidence. The presence of spermatozoa serves as proof of a sexual act and may give the identity of the alleged perpetrator through DNA-profiling. In most western countries, there are guidelines for standardized examinations of sexual assault victims. For an objective evaluation of the findings, substantial knowledge of aspects regarding consensual sexual intercourse is crucial. The aim of this study was to examine detection frequencies and genital sampling sites of spermatozoa following consensual sexual intercourse. METHODS: In a prospective setting, 60 women underwent forensic examination following consensual sexual intercourse. Specimens were obtained from the external genitalia, the posterior fornix and the cervical canal, and examined using the Papanicolau stain and standard light microscopy. RESULTS: We found that 88% of possible cases were positive for spermatozoa. The posterior fornix was significantly better than the other sites for detection of spermatozoa and the number of spermatozoa decreased significantly over time. In a large sub-group of women who reported that no intra-vaginal ejaculation had taken place during their latest intercourse, a significant number (14%) had spermatozoa in the vagina. CONCLUSION: Spermatozoa were best recovered from the posterior fornix, but spermatozoa were also present on swabs taken from the external genitalia. Detection of spermatozoa is thus possible in cases where a speculum examination is denied.

  3. Variation in guenon skulls (II): sexual dimorphism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardini, Andrea; Elton, Sarah

    2008-05-01

    Patterns of size and shape sexual dimorphism in adult guenons were examined using a large sample of skulls from almost all living species. Within species, sexual dimorphism in skull shape follows the direction of size-related shape variation of adults, is proportional to differences in size, and tends to be larger in large-bodied species. Interspecific divergence among shape trajectories, which explain within species sex differences, are small (i.e., trajectories of most species are nearly parallel). Thus, changes in relative proportions of skull regions that account for the distinctive shape of females and males are relatively conserved across species, and their magnitude largely depends on differences in size between sexes. A conservative pattern of size-related sexual dimorphism and a model of interspecific divergence in shape which strongly reflects size differences suggest a major role of size and size-related shape variation in the guenon radiation. It is possible that in the guenons, as in the neotropical primates (with whom they have obvious parallels), size has helped to determine morphological change along lines of least evolutionary resistance, influencing sexual dimorphism. In Miopithecus and Erythrocebus, the smallest and largest guenon genera, it is likely that the interaction of ecology and size contributes significantly to patterns of sexual dimorphism. The results of this study thus emphasise the need to consider allometry and size alongside ecology and behaviour when examining primate sexual dimorphism. PMID:18191178

  4. Experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among Ugandan university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Östergren Per-Olof

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Growing worldwide evidence shows that the experience of sexual coercion is fairly prevalent among young people and is associated with risky sexual behavior thereafter. The causal mechanisms behind this are unclear but may be dependent on specific contextual determinants. Little is known about factors that could buffer the negative effects of coercion. The aim of this study was to assess the association between the experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among university students of both sexes in Uganda. Methods In 2005, 980 (80% out of a total of 1,220 students enrolled in Mbarara University of Science and Technology in Uganda participated in a self-administered questionnaire covering socio-demographic and religious factors, social capital, mental health, alcohol use, and sexual behavior. A validated scale of six items was used to assess the experience of sexual coercion. Logistic regression analyses were applied to control for confounders. Potential buffering factors were analyzed by testing for effect modification. Results Fifty-nine percent of those who responded had previously had sexual intercourse. Among the male students 29.0%, and among the female students 33.1% reported having had some experience of sexual coercion. After controlling for age, gender, and educational level of household of origin, role of religion and trust in others sexual coercion was found to be statistically significantly associated with previously had sex (OR 1.6, 95% CI; 1.1-2.3, early sexual debut (OR 2.4, 95% CI; 1.5-3.7, as well as with having had a great number of sexual partners (OR 1.9, 95% CI; 1.2-3.0, but not with inconsistent condom use. Scoring low on an assessment of mental health problems, reporting high trust in others, or stating that religion played a major role in one's family of origin seemed to buffer the negative effect that the experience of sexual coercion had on the likelihood of having many sexual partners. Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that the experience of sexual coercion is common among youth/young adults in Uganda and is subsequently associated with risky sexual behavior in both sexes. The existence of individual and contextual factors that buffer the effects mentioned was also demonstrated. In the Ugandan context, this has implications for policy formulation and the implementation of preventive strategies for combating HIV/AIDS.

  5. Determinants of risky sexual behavior among women in Ukraine: condom use at first sexual intercourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barska, Julia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STI create a great hazard to public health. STIs occur mostly as a result of different types of risky sexual behavior, such as early sexual debut, unprotected sexual intercourses, alcohol use during sex, multiple partnership etc. Condoms are known to provide the best protection against negative consequences of risky sexual behavior. In this study we aimed to determine factors associated with condom use at first sexual intercourses by women in Ukraine.METHODS: Secondary analysis of data of the 2007 Ukraine Demographic and Health Survey was conducted. Responses of 883 sexually experienced women aged 15–24 were included in the analysis. Associations between condom use at first sex and independent variables were assessed using multivariate binary logistic regression.RESULTS: Light (less than 3,5 drinks per week and heavy (3,5 drinks per week or more drinkers were more likely to use condoms at first sexual intercourse compared to abstainers or occasional drinkers (OR 1,83 (CI 1,32-2,53 and 2,21 (CI 1,43-3,42, respectively. Besides that, women from households with above average income had 1,65 (CI 1,17-2,33 higher odds to use condoms at sexual debut in comparison to women from households with lower income. Women who read printed media at least once a week had twice (CI 1,36-2,94 as high odds of using condoms at first intercourse as women who read newspapers or magazines rare. Non-Western region of residence and sexual partner of about the same age were positively associated with condom use as well.CONCLUSIONS: Wealthy young adults from industrially developed regions are active users of condoms during sexual debut, which is to be accounted for in determining target groups for social policy in Ukraine.

  6. Sexual offender recidivism among a population-based prison sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rettenberger, Martin; Briken, Peer; Turner, Daniel; Eher, Reinhard

    2015-04-01

    The present study examines recidivism rates in sexual offenders using officially registered reconvictions in a representative data set of N = 1,115 male sexual offenders from Austria. In general, results indicate that most sexual offenders do not reoffend sexually after release from prison. More detailed, within the first 5 years after release, the sexual recidivism rate was 6% for the total sample, 4% for the rapist subgroup, and 8% for the child molester subgroup. The findings confirmed previous studies about sex offender recidivism which have shown that first-time sexual offenders are significantly less likely to sexually reoffend than those with previous sexual convictions. With regard to the relationship between age and sexual recidivism, the results challenged the traditional assumption of a clear linear function between age and recidivism. Taken together, compared with previous studies, the recidivism rates found in the present investigation are substantially lower than previous research has indicated. PMID:24398599

  7. Dismantling techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most of the dismantling techniques used in a Decontamination and Dismantlement (D and D) project are taken from conventional demolition practices. Some modifications to the techniques are made to limit exposure to the workers or to lessen the spread of contamination to the work area. When working on a D and D project, it is best to keep the dismantling techniques and tools as simple as possible. The workers will be more efficient and safer using techniques that are familiar to them. Prior experience with the technique or use of mock-ups is the best way to keep workers safe and to keep the project on schedule

  8. PRIMERA RELACIÓN SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES CUBANOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramón Cutié S.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio longitudinal descriptivo en 612 adolescentes de ambos sexos en la Escuela de Formación de Técnicos Medios Saúl Delgado del Municipio Plaza de la Revolución en Ciudad de la Habana, seleccionados por muestreo entre las edades de 15-19 años. Se aplicó una encuesta a cada adolescente, donde se investigaron datos de identidad personal, edad de las primeras relaciones sexuales, métodos anticonceptivos utilizados en ellas, números de compañeros sexuales y los anticonceptivos más utilizados en las relaciones subsiguientes. Como resultados encontramos que la gran mayoría de nuestros jóvenes tenían relaciones sexuales precoces, siendo el condón o preservativo el método más conocido y utilizados por ellos, a pesar de que otros métodos son usados pero con menos frecuencia que el antes mencionado. El número de compañeros sexuales según sexo y edad, encontrado fue entre 3 y 6 siendo más representativo para el sexo femenino que para el masculino, trayendo como consecuencia un alto nivel de promiscuidad en nuestras adolescentes. Pudimos concluir que continúa siendo un problema el hecho de las relaciones sexuales cada vez más precoces así como la realización de las mismas sin protecciónA descriptive longitudinal survey was carried out to 612 male and female teenagers of 15-19 years of age from Saul Delgado Technical School, located in Plaza de la Revolución in Havana City. A poor was applied to every teenagers, about personal details such as first sexual relations, contraceptive methods used in these first sexual intercourse. The results of the survey revealed that the majority of our adolescents have sexual relations at an early age and also showed that the contraceptive method most known and used by our adolescent is condom. Other methods are used but with less frequency. The number of sexual partners according to sex and age found was between 3-6 being more representative for female sex than male sex, as a result of all this we consider that there is a high level of promiscuity in our adolescents. We can also conclude that precocious sexual intercourse continuous being a problem in our teenagers as well as the practice of these relations without protections

  9. PRIMERA RELACIÓN SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES CUBANOS

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Ramón, Cutié S.; Alfredo, Laffita B.; Marvelis, Toledo B..

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio longitudinal descriptivo en 612 adolescentes de ambos sexos en la Escuela de Formación de Técnicos Medios Saúl Delgado del Municipio Plaza de la Revolución en Ciudad de la Habana, seleccionados por muestreo entre las edades de 15-19 años. Se aplicó una encuesta a cada adolescen [...] te, donde se investigaron datos de identidad personal, edad de las primeras relaciones sexuales, métodos anticonceptivos utilizados en ellas, números de compañeros sexuales y los anticonceptivos más utilizados en las relaciones subsiguientes. Como resultados encontramos que la gran mayoría de nuestros jóvenes tenían relaciones sexuales precoces, siendo el condón o preservativo el método más conocido y utilizados por ellos, a pesar de que otros métodos son usados pero con menos frecuencia que el antes mencionado. El número de compañeros sexuales según sexo y edad, encontrado fue entre 3 y 6 siendo más representativo para el sexo femenino que para el masculino, trayendo como consecuencia un alto nivel de promiscuidad en nuestras adolescentes. Pudimos concluir que continúa siendo un problema el hecho de las relaciones sexuales cada vez más precoces así como la realización de las mismas sin protección Abstract in english A descriptive longitudinal survey was carried out to 612 male and female teenagers of 15-19 years of age from Saul Delgado Technical School, located in Plaza de la Revolución in Havana City. A poor was applied to every teenagers, about personal details such as first sexual relations, contraceptive m [...] ethods used in these first sexual intercourse. The results of the survey revealed that the majority of our adolescents have sexual relations at an early age and also showed that the contraceptive method most known and used by our adolescent is condom. Other methods are used but with less frequency. The number of sexual partners according to sex and age found was between 3-6 being more representative for female sex than male sex, as a result of all this we consider that there is a high level of promiscuity in our adolescents. We can also conclude that precocious sexual intercourse continuous being a problem in our teenagers as well as the practice of these relations without protections

  10. Alcohol Misuse and Multiple Sexual Partners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, PhD

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We examine the association between self-reported alcohol misuse and alcohol usewithin 2 hours of having sex and the number of sexual partners among a sample of African-Americanand Latino emergency department (ED patients.Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected prospectively from a randomized sample of all EDpatients during a 5-week period. In face-to-face interviews, subjects were asked to report their alcoholuse and number of sexual partners in the past 12 months. Data were analyzed using multiple variablenegative binomial regression models, and effect modification was assessed through inclusion ofinteraction terms.Results: The 395 study participants reported an average of 1.4 (standard error¼0.11 sexual partnersin the past 12 months, 23% reported misusing alcohol, and 28% reported consuming alcohol beforesex. There was no statistically significant association between alcohol misuse and the number ofsexual partners; however, alcohol before sex was associated with a larger number of sexual partners inthe past year. Moreover, among those who misused alcohol, participants who reported alcohol beforesex were 3 times more likely to report a higher number of sexual partners (risk ratio¼3.2; confidenceinterval [CI]¼1.9–5.6. The association between alcohol use before sex and number of sexual partnersis dependent upon whether a person has attributes of harmful drinking over the past 12 months.Overall, alcohol use before sex increases the number of sexual partners, but the magnitude of thiseffect is significantly increased among alcohol misusers.Conclusion: Alcohol misusers and those who reported having more than 1 sexual partner were morelikely to cluster in the same group, ie, those who used alcohol before sex. Efforts to reduce the burdenof sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus, and other consequences ofrisky sexual behavior in the ED population should be cognizant of the interplay of alcohol and riskysexual behaviors. EDs should strive to institute a system for regular screening, brief intervention, andreferral of at-risk patients to reduce negative consequences of alcohol misuse, including those of riskysexual behaviors.

  11. Using the Integrative Model to Explain How Exposure to Sexual Media Content Influences Adolescent Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleakley, Amy; Hennessy, Michael; Fishbein, Martin; Jordan, Amy

    2011-01-01

    Published research demonstrates an association between exposure to media sexual content and a variety of sex-related outcomes for adolescents. What is not known is the mechanism through which sexual content produces this "media effect" on adolescent beliefs, attitudes, and behavior. Using the Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction, this…

  12. The Developmental Association of Sexual Self-Concept with Sexual Behavior among Adolescent Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensel, Devon J.; Fortenberry, J. Dennis; O'Sullivan, Lucia F.; Orr, Donald P.

    2011-01-01

    Developing a sexual self-concept is an important developmental task of adolescence; however, little empirical evidence describes this development, nor how these changes are related to development in sexual behavior. Using longitudinal cohort data from adolescent women, we invoked latent growth curve analysis to: (1) examine reciprocal development…

  13. Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression (Sexual Minority Students): School Nurse Practice. Position Statement. Revised

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Beverly

    2012-01-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses that all students, regardless of their sexual orientation or the sexual orientation of their parents and family members, are entitled to a safe school environment and equal opportunities for a high level of academic achievement and school participation/involvement. Establishment of…

  14. Improving Sexual Health for Young People: Making Sexuality Education a Priority

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmer, Janet; Senior, Kate; Davison, Belinda; Vodic, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    How well do young people understand their developing sexuality and what this means? This paper reports on findings from the Our Lives: Culture, Context and Risk project, which investigated sexual behaviour and decision-making in the context of the everyday life experience and aspirations of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people (16-25 years)…

  15. Forbidden games: the construction of sexuality and sexual pleasure by BDSM 'players'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faccio, Elena; Casini, Claudia; Cipolletta, Sabrina

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to explore personal meanings related to the constructs 'sexuality' and 'sexual pleasure' in people who choose to write in forums and blogs about their own experience with Bondage and Discipline, dominance and submission, and Sadism and Masochism (BDSM). We carried out semi-structured online interviews with 343 people, of whom 50 (24 women and 26 men) claimed to practise or to have practised BDSM, in order to investigate participants' definitions of their sexual experiences and the construction of sexuality and sexual pleasure from their personal point of view and from the perspective of the opposite sex. Data were analysed according to Grounded Theory methodology. Questions concerning the 'normality' or the 'deviance' of participants' sexual practices were reflected in the answers of the majority of BDSM practitioners. Sexuality was construed as a 'game' with specific rules, and 'pleasure' was associated with extremely intense experiences. The relationship between the partners was considered fundamental, as it gave meaning to the sexual practice. Both dominant and dominated roles were found to be tightly linked to the possession and management of power between partners, which either confirms or reverses the social construction of traditional male and female roles. PMID:24828811

  16. The Impact of Sexual Abuse on Sexual Identity Formation in Gay Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    Emerging data suggests that as children, gay males have an increased risk for physical and sexual abuse. Anecdotal evidence suggests that a significant subset of children abused by clergy identify as gay as adults. However, we know very little about the impact of clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse in childhood on the development and psychosocial…

  17. Health Professionals' Responses to Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse History: Female Child Sexual Abuse Survivors' Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGregor, Kim; Julich, Shirley; Glover, Marewa; Gautam, Jeny

    2010-01-01

    This study reports on a postal questionnaire, conducted in 2004, with female survivors of historic child sexual abuse. The questionnaire explored their experiences of health professionals' responsiveness to disclosure of child sexual abuse history. Of 61 participants, aged between 22 and 65, 69% had disclosed to health professionals. Those who had…

  18. Perceived Sexual Control, Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies and Behavior Predict Substance-Related Sexual Revictimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Kate; Messman-Moore, Terri; Zerubavel, Noga; Chandley, Rachel B.; DeNardi, Kathleen A.; Walker, Dave P.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Although numerous studies have documented linkages between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and later sexual revictimization, mechanisms underlying revictimization, particularly assaults occurring in the context of substance use, are not well-understood. Consistent with Traumagenic Dynamics theory, the present study tested a path model…

  19. Merleau-Ponty's sexual schema and the sexual component of body integrity identity disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Preester, Helena

    2013-05-01

    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under a specific discipline, its sexual component has been an issue of unclarity and controversy, and its assessment a criterion for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia, a paraphilia. Scholars referring to the lived body-a phenomenon primarily discussed in the phenomenological tradition in philosophy-seem willing to exclude the sexual component as inessential, whereas other authors notice important similarities with gender identity disorder or transsexualism, and thus precisely focus attention on the sexual component. This contribution outlines the history of BIID highlighting the vicissitudes of its sexual component, and questions the justification for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia and thus for omitting the sexual component as essential. Second, we explain a hardly discussed concept from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945a), the sexual schema, and investigate how the sexual schema could function in interaction with the body image in an interpretation of BIID which starts from the lived body while giving the sexual component its due. PMID:22139385

  20. Sexual conflict and seminal fluid proteins: a dynamic landscape of sexual interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirot, Laura K; Wong, Alex; Chapman, Tracey; Wolfner, Mariana F

    2015-02-01

    Sexual reproduction requires coordinated contributions from both sexes to proceed efficiently. However, the reproductive strategies that the sexes adopt often have the potential to give rise to sexual conflict because they can result in divergent, sex-specific costs and benefits. These conflicts can occur at many levels, from molecular to behavioral. Here, we consider sexual conflict mediated through the actions of seminal fluid proteins. These proteins provide many excellent examples in which to trace the operation of sexual conflict from molecules through to behavior. Seminal fluid proteins are made by males and provided to females during mating. As agents that can modulate egg production at several steps, as well as reproductive behavior, sperm "management," and female feeding, activity, and longevity, the actions of seminal proteins are prime targets for sexual conflict. We review these actions in the context of sexual conflict. We discuss genomic signatures in seminal protein (and related) genes that are consistent with current or previous sexual conflict. Finally, we note promising areas for future study and highlight real-world practical situations that will benefit from understanding the nature of sexual conflicts mediated by seminal proteins. PMID:25502515