... muscles. Focus on other sexual activities, not just intercourse. Use birth control that works for both you ... on foreplay. Make sure you are aroused before intercourse. Use a vaginal lubricant for dryness. Try different ...
Senel, Ferda M.; Mustafa Demirelli; Fatih Misirlioglu; Tezcan Sezgin
Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of adult circumcisions performed by plastic clamp technique as well as the effects on sexual function. Materials and Methods: A total of 186 adult males with the mean age of 21.2 ± 2.8 years who presented to our clinic for circumcision between February 2007 and January 2010 were included in the study. Safety and acceptability of circumcision with plastic clamp technique as well as its effects on sexual functions were analyzed with a mean follow-up ...
Fernando Luiz Cardoso
Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54 e mulheres (n = 54 com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de Identidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres.This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54 and female (n = 54 participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.
Ferda M. Senel
Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of adult circumcisions performed by plastic clamp technique as well as the effects on sexual function. Materials and Methods: A total of 186 adult males with the mean age of 21.2 ± 2.8 years who presented to our clinic for circumcision between February 2007 and January 2010 were included in the study. Safety and acceptability of circumcision with plastic clamp technique as well as its effects on sexual functions were analyzed with a mean follow-up period of 30.4 ± 14.2 months (range, 12 to 52 months. Results: The mean duration of circumcision and removal of the clamp were 3.1 ± 1.1 minutes and 16 ± 7 seconds, respectively. The total complication rate was 2.15%. Wound dehiscence (1.07%, infection (0.54%, and bleeding (0.54% were the encountered complications. Complete wound healing was observed at a mean of 25.5 ± 4.6 days. We did not encounter any penile deformity or other long-term complications. Circumcision did not adversely affect the sexual drive or ejaculation based on the brief male sexual function inventory scores. Erectile function and overall satisfaction improved following circumcision.Conclusion: Circumcision performed by plastic clamp technique in adult males had a low early complication rate with no long-term complications and caused improvement in some of the sexual functions. We suggest the utilization of this technique as an easy and a safe way of circumcising adult males.
Full Text Available Introduction. Investigation of adolescent sexual behavior carried out on a large sample is primarily motivated by health and social problems which can occur when young people practice sex without protection and necessary information. There is no data that the national study on adolescent sexual behavior has been conducted in the Serbian speaking area. Objective. Monitoring and follow-up of trends in adolescent sexual behavior. Methods. The investigation sample comprised 1101 adolescents (472 male and 629 female, aged 13-25 years. As an instrument of polling, the questionnaire 'Sexual Behavior' was used specifically designed for the purpose of this investigation. Results. Eighty-four percent of males and 65% of females reported having sexual experience. The age of the first sexual experience, total number of partners, number of sexual partners in the last year and the last month were investigated, and the number of loved and sexual partner compared. In addition, the length of foreplay, frequency of sexual activity, masturbation, sexual dreams and sexual daydreams and engagement into alternative sexual activities (oral sex, anal sex, group sex, exchange of partners were estimated, as well as the reasons for their practicing. Sexual desire and its correlation with personality dimensions, the frequency of sexual disorders (erectile and ejaculation problems, anorgasmia, abortion, rape and identification of the rapist, the use of condoms and other methods of contraception were assessed. Conclusion. It could be postulated that biological influence on sexual behavior is powerful and resistant to the influence of time and place, as well as socio-cultural religious influences. A high rate of premarital sexual activity with a number of sexual partners, a relatively low rate of condom use and the fact that 4% of the female adolescents in this sample had an induced abortion suggest that there are gaps in the education provided to adolescents about sexual and reproductive risks within the Serbian speaking territory. An alarming statistic is that 5% of the female adolescents in this sample reported that they had been raped, or forced to participate in non-consensual sex within an ongoing relationship with a regular partner. There is a need for systemic changes within the field of sexual education and protection from sexually risky behavior among young adults.
Luis O. Alba Gómez
Full Text Available Resumen. Se investigaron 104 toros de diferentes razas sometidos a régimen de inseminación artificial, con el objetivo de evaluar el comportamiento sexual en la sala de monta según las técnicas de refrenamiento utilizadas. La duración promedio del tiempo de permanencia de los toros en la sala de espera osciló entre 30,1 y 40 minutos; se apreciaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la duración del preludio eyaculatorio según las razas, cuantitativamente más importantes en los toros Brown Swiss (3,86 min. y Cebú (6,4 min.; la duración del tiempo de reacción fue más eficiente en los toros mestizos 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Cebú, por ser más cortos y con menor variabilidad; el promedio de montas falsas permitidas indica más de dos saltos falsos por monta. El coeficiente de correlación lineal entre la masa corporal según las razas y el tiempo de reacción fue de r = 0,03 y el de la edad entre el tiempo de reacción de r = 0,05. Se concluyó que el tiempo de reacción de la mayoría de los toros pudo ser afectado por el inadecuado manejo en la duración del refrenamiento pasivo en la sala de espera y el número excesivo de montas falsas permitidas. Sumary. For this work 104 bulls of different breeds subjected to artificial insemination regime were used with the objective of evaluating their sexual behavior in the mounting-room with the use of restraint techniques. The duration average of the time of permanency of the bulls in the waiting-room oscillated between 30.1 and 40 minutes; differences were appreciated statistically significant in the duration of the prelude ejaculatory according to the races, quantitatively more important in Brown Swiss (3.86 min. and Zebu (6.4 min. bulls; the duration of the time of reaction was more efficient in crossbred 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Zebu bulls, for being shorter and with less variability; the average of allowed false mounts indicated more than two false jumps per mount. The coefficient of lineal correlation between the corporal mass, according to the races and the time of reaction, was of r = 0.03 and that of the age between the time of reaction was r = 0.05. It was concluded that the reaction time of most of the bulls could be affected by the inadequate handling in the duration of the passive restraint in the waiting-room and by the excessive number of allowed false mounts.
Fernando Luiz, Cardoso; Ana Carolina, Savall; Samantha, Sabbag; Aline Knepper, Mendes; Thais Silva, Beltrame.
Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54) e mulheres (n = 54) com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de I [...] dentidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres. Abstract in english This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54) and female (n = 54) participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. [...] The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.
Andréa Fachel Leal
Full Text Available Analisamos a iniciação sexual masculina como um momento de aquisição de conhecimento, com base em 62 entrevistas de cunho etnográfico com homens jovens (18-24 anos residentes em Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador, Brasil, numa etapa da Pesquisa GRAVAD. Adotando uma perspectiva antropológica e comparativa, o exame dos relatos da primeira experiência amorosa e sexual revela que a primeira experiência sexual dos homens é um aprendizado corporal e social, através do qual os jovens adquirem conhecimento técnico sobre o uso de seus corpos e habilidade para se relacionar com outros, especialmente as mulheres. Estes são importantes demarcadores no processo de passagem à vida adulta. Consideramos, além de diferenças em termos de pertença a diferentes segmentos sócio-econômicos, as relações de gênero, especialmente modelos de masculinidade, demonstrando que a primeira relação sexual de um jovem é um momento social e simbolicamente marcante, que não se limita a um evento isolado, sendo, pelo contrário, uma experiência que envolve aprendizados de diferentes ordens e que integra um processo de se tornar homem.The authors analyze male sexual initiation as a time of acquiring knowledge, based on 62 ethnographic interviews with young men (18-24 years in the cities of Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador, Brazil, as a stage in the GRAVAD Research Project. Adopting an anthropological and comparative perspective, the reports show that men's first sexual experience is a process of physical and social learning by which they acquire technical knowledge on the use of their bodies and skill to relate to others, especially women. These are important milestones in the passage to adulthood. In addition to differences in belonging to various socioeconomic segments, the authors focus on gender relations, especially models of masculinity, demonstrating that a young man's first sexual intercourse is a socially and symbolically striking moment, not limited to a single event, but an experience that involves different levels of learning as part of the process of becoming a man.
Bagadia, V. N.; Ayyar, K. S.; Dhawale, K. M.; Pradhan, P. V.
26 married males with premature ejaculation and secondary impotence were subjected to behavior therapy. Relaxation, graded tasks, semans exercise, the squeeze technique, desensitization and thought stopping were the techniques employed. 15 (58%) of the patients improved. Factors contributing to success or failure are studied and the results compared with those of others using Behaviour Therapy.
Antonio C., Pinto; Fabio, Baracat; Nelson D., Montellato; Anuar I., Mitre; Antonio M., Lucon; Miguel, Srougi.
Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied [...] using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.
Antonio C. Pinto
Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.
SCLAFANE, JAMIE HEATHER
Dialogue journaling is a technique that is useful for enhancing the goals of sexual health promotion and HIV/STI prevention programs with 14 to 17 year old at-risk youth. Included is a detailed lesson plan on how to implement dialogue journaling in this context; a discussion of advantages and concerns about using them; and future implications for its use.
Sclafane, Jamie Heather
Dialogue journaling is a technique that is useful for enhancing the goals of sexual health promotion and HIV/STI prevention programs with 14 to 17 year old at-risk youth. Included is a detailed lesson plan on how to implement dialogue journaling in this context; a discussion of advantages and concerns about using them; and future implications for its use. PMID:24948881
Sclafane, Jamie Heather
Dialogue journaling is a technique that is useful for enhancing the goals of sexual health promotion and HIV/STI prevention programs with 14-to 17-year-old at-risk youth. Included is a detailed lesson plan on how to implement dialogue journaling in this context, a discussion of advantages and concerns about using them, and future implications for…
SCLAFANE, JAMIE HEATHER; MERVES, MARNI LOIACONO; Rivera, Angelic; LONG, LAURA; Wilson, Ken; BAUMAN, LAURIE J.
The Turn the Tables Technique (T3) is an activity designed to provide group facilitators who lead HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion programs with detailed and current information on teenagers’ sexual behaviors and beliefs. This information can be used throughout a program to tailor content. Included is a detailed lesson plan of T3, a description of the purpose of T3, how it was implemented, the context in which it was used, how T3 addressed common challenges in HIV prevention w...
Sclafane, Jamie Heather; Merves, Marni Loiacono; Rivera, Angelic; Long, Laura; Wilson, Ken; Bauman, Laurie J
The Turn the Tables Technique (T(3)) is an activity designed to provide group facilitators who lead HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion programs with detailed and current information on teenagers' sexual behaviors and beliefs. This information can be used throughout a program to tailor content. Included is a detailed lesson plan of T(3), a description of the purpose of T(3), how it was implemented, the context in which it was used, how T(3) addressed common challenges in HIV prevention with teenagers, and future implications for its use. PMID:22844261
Antonio C. Pinto; Fabio Baracat; Nelson D. Montellato; Mitre, Anuar I.; Antonio M. Lucon; Miguel Srougi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery...
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of the clitoral therapy device (Eros Therapy) in alleviating sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. Methods and materials: Eligible patients had a history of cervical cancer treated with radiotherapy and self-reported sexual dysfunction of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders. Patients used the noninvasive, nonpharmacologic clitoral therapy device using a hand-held, battery-powered vacuum to cause clitoral engorgement four times weekly for 3 months during foreplay and self-stimulation. Study instruments included the Female Sexual Function Index, Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The outcome evaluation was performed at 3 months. Results: Between 2001 and 2002, 15 women were enrolled and 13 completed the study. The median patient age and radiotherapy-enrollment interval was 43.5 years and 2 years, respectively. At baseline, all patients reported symptoms of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, and some also had sexual desire and pain disorders. At 3 months, statistically significant improvements were seen in all domains tested, including sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and reduced pain. The median Female Sexual Function Index total score increased from 17 to 29.4 (maximal score, 36; p <0.001). The median Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total raw score increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score,re increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score, 118; p <0.001). At baseline, the Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total T-score corresponded to the bottom 10th percentile of normal sexual functioning. At 3 months, the total T-score placed the patients at the normalcy cutoff. Gynecologic examinations revealed improved mucosal color and moisture and vaginal elasticity and decreased bleeding and ulceration. Conclusion: Our results from this pilot study suggest that the clitoral therapy device may alleviate sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. A randomized, controlled trial is warranted to assess the full benefits of this approach
... The Most Common Types of Sexual Problems in Older Adults For women, age-related changes due to menopause ... sexual intercourse. How Common are Sexual Problems in Older Adults? Researchers have found that about half of sexually ...
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Full Text Available ... or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: desire disorders, ... the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main categories: sexual ...
Full Text Available ... or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from ...
Full Text Available ... genital contact with a sexual partner and the person feels disgust and revulsion towards sexual activity. The ... which is similar to what happens when a person has a phobia or fear. Hypoactive sexual desire ...
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Full Text Available ... disorder have a delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase with sexual ... orgasmic disorder is a delay or lack of orgasm following a normal excitement phase. It’s important to ...
Full Text Available ... physical, psychological, medical conditions, or medications. Men with male orgasmic disorder have a delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase with sexual ...
Full Text Available ... of low desire in women, there is some evidence that it may improve sexual experiences in postmenopausal ... men with low testosterone levels, there is some evidence that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A ...
... provider or sexual counselor. Let’s begin with some definitions and explanations. Sexuality is the experience and/or ... Psychologic factors that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories ...
Full Text Available ... Sex often is considered to be penile-vaginal intercourse between a man and a woman. Other sexual ... sex, mutual masturbation, etc., can be included where intercourse may not be the goal in the sexual ...
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Full Text Available ... are associated with sexual dysfunction, such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other causes of sexual pain ... including a cream, tablet, or a ring. Although testosterone is not FDA-approved for treatment of low ...
Full Text Available ... or HSDD, is having little or no sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. This lack of desire is beyond what normally happens in a relationship’s duration and life cycle. The clinical diagnosis of HSDD ...
Full Text Available ... t produce adequate lubrication to engage in sexual intercourse. There are several subtypes of female sexual arousal ... with specific forms of stimulation, but not with intercourse, so this is considered within the normal range ...
Full Text Available ... As she focuses on the sexual stimulation and sensations, her body begins to respond both physically and ... upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...
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Full Text Available ... a clinician. If you have a sexual concern, it is important to know that help is available. ... worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it helpful to discuss your concerns with your sexual ...
Full Text Available ... or afraid to talk about sex or sexuality, it’s important to bring up any concerns with your ... expression of a person as a sexual being. It involves the complex interplay of sex (whether a ...
Full Text Available ... or other), gender roles (a person’s expression of social and behavioral norms), and sexual orientation (who a ... as “…a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is ...
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Full Text Available ... of female sexual dysfunction. The Eros is a small pump-like vacuum that fits over the clitoris ... been shown to improve sexual desire. In a small study of nondepressed women and men with desire ...
Full Text Available ... your concerns with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used together to treat a problem. Education is ...
Full Text Available ... absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase with sexual activity. In diagnosing this, the clinician ... or lack of orgasm following a normal excitement phase. It’s important to note that many women are ...
Full Text Available ... be situational or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: ... occur all the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main ...
Full Text Available ... sexuality in all types of relationships, whether between men and women or partners of the same sex. ... considered to be penile-vaginal intercourse between a man and a woman. Other sexual activities, such as ...
Full Text Available ... sensate focus, which are types of specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive ...
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Techniques Used in Forensic Psychological Examinations in Cases of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse / Tecnicas Utilizadas en las Pericias Psicologicas en Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil / Tecnicas Utilizadas nas Pericias Psicologicas em Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil
Lara Lages, Gava; Debora Dalbosco, DellAglio.
Full Text Available Atualmente, não há um protocolo padronizado para avaliação de situações de abuso sexual. Neste sentido, este estudo investigou as técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos na prática pericial em casos de suspeita de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil no contexto da investigação criminal. Doze psicólogos que atua [...] m como peritos nos Institutos Médico-Legais de seis capitais brasileiras foram entrevistados com entrevistas semi-estruturadas, que foram analisadas qualitativamente com o auxílio do software WebQDA. Os resultados apresentaram uma diversidade de ações empreendidas na prática pericial, assim como a presença de consensos e controvérsias em relação ao uso de testes psicológicos e da avaliação da credibilidade do relato. Também foi observada flexibilidade por parte das equipes na condução das perícias, adaptando as técnicas de acordo com as necessidades. Destaca-se a importância da diversidade técnica, que visa a auxiliar o perito na busca de conclusões confiáveis, bem como a manter o rigor técnico e a qualidade das avaliações. Abstract in spanish Actualmente, no hay un protocolo estandarizado para evaluación de situaciones de abuso sexual. En este sentido, este estudio investigó las técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos en la práctica pericial en casos de sospecha de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil en el contexto de la investigación criminal. Fuer [...] on utilizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas con doce psicólogos que actúan como peritos en los Institutos Médico-Legales de seis capitales brasileñas, que fueron analizadas cualitativamente con el auxilio del software WebQDA. Los resultados presentaron una diversidad de acciones emprendidas en la práctica pericial, así como la presencia de consensos y controversias en relación al uso de pruebas psicológicas y evaluación de la credibilidad del relato. También fue observada flexibilidad por parte de los equipos en la conducción de las pericias, adaptando las técnicas de acuerdo con las necesidades. Se destaca la importancia de la diversidad técnica, que visa a auxiliar el perito en la búsqueda de conclusiones confiables, así como a mantener el rigor técnico y la calidad de las evaluaciones. Abstract in english Currently, there is no standardized protocol for the evaluation of situations of sexual abuse. Thus, this study investigated the techniques used by psychologists in forensic examinations in cases of suspected child and adolescent sexual abuse in the context of the criminal investigation. Semi-struct [...] ured interviews, which were qualitatively analyzed using the WebQDA software, were applied with twelve psychologists who work as expert witnesses in the Medical-Legal Institute of six Brazilian capitals. The results showed a diversity of actions taken in the forensic examination practice, as well as consensus and controversy regarding the use of psychological testing and the credibility assessment of the report. Flexibility in conducting the forensic examinations by the teams was also observed, with the techniques used adapted according to the needs. The importance of the diversity of techniques was highlighted, as these aim to assist the expert witness to come to reliable conclusions, as well as maintain the rigor and technical quality of the evaluation.
Snowden, Robert J; Wichter, Jan; Gray, Nicola S
The present study examined how well implicit measures were able to predict sexual orientation. Most previous research in the sexual orientation domain has been dependent upon self-report, which requires explicit, conscious awareness of sexual orientation and/or erotic preferences. On the other hand, implicit measurements are thought to be able to reflect immediate automatic reactions that may not be available to introspection. A total of 50 heterosexual and 25 homosexual men completed two implicit measures: the Implicit Association Task (IAT) and the Priming Task (PT). Sexual orientation was determined by self-report. In the PT, participants classified words as either sexually attractive or unattractive. Each word was preceded by a "prime" that was a picture of either a male or a female. The IAT consisted of classifying these same words as sexually attractive or unattractive, and classifying the pictures as either male or female. Both the IAT and the PT had very good ability to predict sexual orientation with Area Under the Curves (AUC) of 0.97 and 0.86, respectively. Unlike many other reports of implicit measures of behavior, the IAT and the PT correlated strongly with each other, and also with the explicit measurements of sexual orientation. It was concluded that these implicit measures can provide a valuable tool for research into sexual orientation and erotic preference that can complement existing measures, such as self-report questionnaires and physiological changes in sexual arousal in response to erotic stimuli. PMID:17333326
Erick, Gómez Tagle López; Estefany, Juárez Ríos.
Full Text Available La tasa de delitos sexuales sigue creciendo, afectando principalmente a mujeres jóvenes y a la niñez, sin que exista una respuesta institucional adecuada para su prevención, atención y erradicación. Conductas delictivas con fuerte rechazo social pero difícil comprensión científica, al menos desde un [...] enfoque interdisciplinario eficaz. Ciencias como la biología, la criminología, el derecho y la sociología aportan elementos explicativos desde sus propias áreas, por lo cual el reto es lograr un abordaje integral que refleje la esencia biopsicosocial del ser humano, tanto de las víctimas como de los victimarios, permitiendo un mejor tratamiento del problema. Abstract in english The rates of sexual crimes continue to increase and disrupt mainly young women and children, without right institutional answer for its prevention, attention and eradication. These criminal demeanors with strong social rejection have difficult scientific comprehension, at least from an effective int [...] erdisciplinary approach. Sciences such as biology, criminology, low and sociology, offer explanatory elements from their own areas, but the challenge is to achieve a comprehensive approach that reflects the bio-psycho-social essence of the human being, both victims and victimizers, which will allow a better handling of the problem.
Khalily, Muhammad Tahir; Hallahan, Brian
We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological…
Full Text Available ... with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used together to treat a problem. Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology ...
... with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used together to treat a problem. Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology ...
Full Text Available ... be included where intercourse may not be the goal in the sexual experience. What is most important ... can greatly influence how a person functions sexually. Social and ... can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.
Fidler, Donald C.; Petri, Justin Daniel; Chapman, Mark
Objective: The authors review the literature about educational programs for teaching sexual history-taking skills and describe novel techniques for teaching these skills. Methods: Psychiatric residents enrolled in a brief sexual history-taking course that included instruction on the Sexual Events Classification System, feedback on residents'…
Schry, Amie R.; White, Susan W.
Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques.…
Full Text Available Even though sexual problems and sexual dysfunction are commonly observed in the society, a significant majority of the problems are not reported to the doctors, and due to this fact, remain unaddressed. In our country, the studies about sexual dysfunction are limited in number but in recent years there has been an increase in these studies. The ratio of sexual dysfunction is higher in women than the ratio in men (43%; 31%. However, there are few treatment modality about women sexual dysfunction. Most commonly observed sexual dysfunctions in women are loss of sexual interest/desire, sexual arousal dysfunctions, orgasm dysfunctions, dyspareunia, vaginismus and sexual anxiety. In DSM-IV-TR, sexual dysfunction is treated by taking stress and interfamily relation problems into consideration. According to WHO’s definition, sexual health refers the combination of physical, emotional, intellectual and social sexual existense with the techniques that would increase personality communication and love. Sexual problems damage this combination, and cause pyschological and social problems. J Clin Exp Invest 2010; 1(3: 235-240
Khalily, Muhammad Tahir
We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological battery including the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Standard Progressive Matrices, Rorschach Ink Blots, and the Schema Mode Inventory. These investigations were useful in formulating both a diagnosis and a management plan. The girl fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode and borderline personality disorder. This combination of psychological testing may be useful in establishing an accurate multiaxial diagnosis and for understanding the behavioral and psychological sequelae of child sexual abuse in similar cases. The study further suggests that schema-focused therapy is a useful therapeutic tool for individuals who have suffered child sexual abuse at an early age and who have borderline personality disorder.
Full Text Available ... and are used together to treat a problem. Education is important in understanding the anatomy and physiology ... counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive ...
Full Text Available ... be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it helpful to discuss ... which are types of specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have ...
Full Text Available ... address the concern or refer you to a specialist trained in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual problems. This specialist may be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or ...
Full Text Available ... sensate focus, which are types of specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers ... one’s thinking influences feelings and behavior. Sensate focus exercises are structured “touching” activities that are designed to ...
Full Text Available ... vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ... everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.
Full Text Available ... problems. This specialist may be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find ... aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many different types ...
Full Text Available ... upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ... Everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.
Full Text Available ... keeping a balanced diet, and minimizing and relieving stress. You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing ... proposed to improve libido in women, however more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety. ...
Full Text Available ... include hormone therapy, antidepressants, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, and other medications. ... may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, often ...
Full Text Available ... used to enhance sexual pleasure. There are many devices that fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by men ...
Full Text Available ... identify themselves as male, female or other), gender roles (a person’s expression of social and behavioral norms), ... sexual activity. Psychologic factors that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body ...
... reported that they were forced to have sexual intercourse at some time in their lives. 3 Perpetrators In a nationally representative survey:1 • Among female rape victims, perpetrators were repor ...
Full Text Available ... Kegel exercises, biofeedback therapy, and pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Kegel exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles ... addition to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain and urinary incontinence. Medical ...
Full Text Available ... sexual response in men. During arousal, a man’s penis becomes filled with blood, causing it to rise ... of clear liquid at the tip of the penis. While all this is happening, many other changes ...
Full Text Available ... of sexual pain that include conditions of the penis, such as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and ... vestibulectomy. Penile implants are devices inserted inside the penis that allow men with erectile dysfunction to get ...
Full Text Available ... moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many different types of lubricants are ... if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction between tissues but they are different from lubricants ...
Full Text Available ... a man to reach, or maintain an adequate erection until completion of sexual activity. This is a ... allow men with erectile dysfunction to get an erection. During a vestibulectomy, pain fibers are removed from ...
Full Text Available ... about sexual function as described by Masters and Johnson in the mid-1960s. They described 4 stages, ... returns to its unstimulated state. Since Masters and Johnson, other researchers have modified the original concept with ...
Full Text Available ... be due to many factors, including physical, psychological, medical conditions, or medications. Men with male orgasmic disorder ... very uncommon, and is usually due to a medical condition. There are 4 categories of male sexual ...
Full Text Available ... and counseling may involve individual and couples sessions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sensate focus, which are types ... training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that ...
Full Text Available ... arousal difficulties, buproprion improved sexual functioning compared with placebo.. Larger studies are needed to confirm these findings. ... only small improvements in response rates compared with placebo and was associated with several side effects. Phosphodiesterase ...
Full Text Available ... no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is the inability ... intercourse. Pain may occur with entry into the vagina or as deep pain. Both psychological and physical ...
Full Text Available ... keeping a balanced diet, and minimizing and relieving stress. You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing ... lubricants in that they are absorbed into the skin. Moisturizers are a “maintenance therapy” that is applied ...
Full Text Available ... persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.” The concept of “sex,” is difficult to define and varies ... and Johnson, other researchers have modified the original concept with different descriptions of the sexual response. In ...
Full Text Available ... to a specialist trained in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual problems. This specialist may be a ... in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used together to ...
Full Text Available ... viewing this embedded video, please click here . Transcript Sex and sexuality are important issues for many people, regardless of their age, sex, or gender. Although many people are embarrassed or ...
Full Text Available ... occur with entry into the vagina or as deep pain. Both psychological and physical factors can contribute ... such as sexual abuse can be involved as well. Pain caused by lack of lubrication or by ...
Full Text Available ... or vaginal congestion, that is, no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, ... be used by men and women to increase sensation to the genitals. Vaginal dilators are used to ...
Full Text Available ... keeping a balanced diet, and minimizing and relieving stress. You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing ... Sex therapy and counseling may involve individual and couples sessions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sensate focus, which ...
David M. Buss
Full Text Available Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for women. Dozens of studies have documented sex-differentiated design features of jealousy: The relative upset about sexual and emotional aspects of infidelity; processing speed and memorial recall of sexual and emotional infidelity cues; physiological distress to sexual and emotional infidelity cues; qualities of same-sex rivals that evoke jealousy, such as superior job prospects versus greater physical attractiveness; triggers of mate retention tactics; jealous interrogations following the discovery of infidelity; and whether an infidelity produces forgiveness or breakup. Although showing all the hallmarks of evolved functionality, sexual jealousy also leads to tremendous destruction, from humiliation to homicide. By these scientific theoretical and empirical criteria, sexual jealousy is properly considered not only "basic" but also "one of the most important emotions".
Objective: This study is centered on interviewing techniques with alleged child sexual abuse victims who do and do not disclose sexual abuse. Method: Ninety randomly selected videotapes are reviewed, and the interviewing techniques are recorded on a 69-item Child Sexual Abuse Interviewing Skills Instrument. Results: The nondisclosure children are…
... attracted to a same-sex friend, does that mean I am gay or lesbian ? Is oral sex really sex? Some answers Masturbation is normal and won't harm you. Many boys and girls masturbate, many don't. Deciding to become sexually ...
This podcast discusses sexual violence - what it is, the long-term health problems it can contribute to, and tips to stop it before it begins. Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Date Released: 4/4/2011.
Uso da técnica de confusão sexual no manejo populacional de Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) em videira / Using the technique of mating disruption for Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) population management on grapevine
José Eudes de Morais, Oliveira; Maria Herlândia de Araújo, Fernandes; Farah de Castro, Gama; Marcos, Botton; Andréa Nunes Moreira de, Carvalho.
Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência da técnica de confusão sexual, com o feromônio sexual sintético composto (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16: Ald) a 1,8% e (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13-18: Ald) a 1,8%, no controle da população de traça-dos-cachos, Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) [...] , em cultivares de videiras (Vitis vinifera) destinadas à produção de vinhos. Os experimentos foram realizados em duas localidades na região do Vale do São Francisco, em áreas comerciais de produção de uva para processamento, com as cultivares Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo e Chenin Blanc. Os tratamentos avaliados foram os seguintes: confusão sexual com uso de liberadores Splat ("specialized pheromone and lure application technology"), aplicados com pistola manual a 500 pontos por hectare (2 g por ponto); e testemunha sem aplicação. O efeito da técnica sobre os adultos de C. gnidiella foi avaliado com uso de armadilha tipo Delta, iscada em um septo com 2 g de feromônio sintético da mesma formulação. Os danos nos cachos foram avaliados à colheita. O uso da técnica de confusão sexual reduziu a captura de adultos de C. gnidiella em mais de 59% na 'Tempranillo', 68% na 'Chenin Blanc', 80% na 'Cabernet Sauvignon' e 97% na 'Petit Verdot'. À época da colheita, os danos nos frutos foram reduzidos de 65 a 100% nas áreas tratadas. O feromônio sexual sintético é eficaz para reduzir o acasalamento de C. gnidiella em vinhedos, com o uso da técnica de confusão sexual. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of mating disruption technique, with the synthetic sex pheromone compound (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16: Ald) at 1.8% and (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13-18: Ald) at 1.8%, for controlling the honeydew moth, Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae [...] ), population in grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivars destined to wine production. The experiments were carried out in two locations in the region of São Francisco Valley, Brazil, in commercial production areas of grapes used for processing, with the cultivars Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo, and Chenin Blanc. The evaluated treatments were: mating disruption using Splat (specialized pheromone and lure application technology) releasers, applied at 500 points per hectare (2 g per point); and a control without application. The effect of the technique was evaluated on adults of C. gnidiella using Delta type trap baited with 2 g of synthetic pheromone of the same formulation. The damage on grape clusters was evaluated at harvest. The use of mating disruption technique reduced the capture of adult C. gnidiella in more than 59% in 'Tempranillo', 68% in 'Chenin Blanc', 80% in 'Cabernet Sauvignon', and 97% in 'Petit Verdot'. At harvest, fruit damage was reduced from 65 to 100% in the treated areas. The synthetic sex pheromone is effective in reducing C. gnidiella mating in vineyards, using the mating disruption technique.
Robinson, A; WATKEYS, J.; Ridgway, G.
OBJECTIVE—To establish the prevalence of sexually transmitted organisms and other genital organisms in potentially sexually abused children.?DESIGN—Prospective study of children attending an inner London department of community paediatrics for evaluation of possible sexual abuse.?SUBJECTS—Children under 16 referred for evaluation of possible sexual abuse.?OUTCOME MEASURES—Prevalence of sexually transmitted organisms in relation to age, symptoms, and type of abu...
This document provides information on issues related to sexual assault in the US. The specific topics briefly discussed are incidence, psychological impact, assault assessment kits, medical evaluation, legal concerns, counseling, follow-up, and special circumstances. It is stated that a woman who is sexually assaulted would experience intense anxiety, anger or fear, and rape-trauma syndrome. The physician evaluating the victim should be aware of the state statutory requirements, which may involve the use of kits for gathering evidence. Informed consent from the victim and meticulous physical examination of the entire body should be performed with photographs and drawings made in the injured areas. In counseling, the physician should talk with the patient concerning the degree of the injury and the probability of infection or pregnancy. There is a need for patients to be reevaluated concerning her medical and psychological status. PMID:12295376
Full Text Available ... Videos & Tools You Are Here: Home ? Latest Health News ? Sexual Orientation and Bullying URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/videos/news/Sexual_Orientation_050715.html Sexual Orientation and Bullying ...
Home Body Your sexuality Dating and sexual feelings Dating and sexual feelings Thinking about romance, starting to ... you learn how to stay healthy and strong. Dating older guys top If you date someone even ...
... minor children to sexual activity. This means a child is forced or talked into sex or sexual activities by another person. Such abuse includes: Oral sex Pornography Sexual intercourse Touching (fondling)
... sexual harassment. • Developing mass media (e.g., radio, TV, magazines, newspapers) messages that promote norms, or shared beliefs, about healthy sexual relationships. For more examples, see Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning the Dialogue (www.cdc.gov/ violenceprevention/ ...
... address Submit Home > Healthy Aging > Sexual health Healthy Aging This information in Spanish ( en español ) Sexual health ... to discuss with your doctor. Sexual Health and Aging: Keep the Passion Alive (Copyright © Mayo Foundation) - This ...
Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually tow...
Dr. Christine Boyce
Full Text Available This month two general practitioners (GPs describe their approach to sexual health consultations.The issue of a sexually active adolescent demonstrates some differences in legislation pertaining tothe requirement to involve the authorities, although in essence the young person can expect thesame response from these practitioners in two different health care systems. On the other hand apatient at risk of sexually transmitted infections is more likely to be referred to a specialistGenitourinary clinic in the UK although the protocols for screening and education are largely similar.Equally patients who are HIV positive can expect to receive the bulk of their care from specialistclinics in both countries.Midwives are the main stay of antenatal services in Australia and the UK with general practitionersminimally involved in routine cases. Also home births are a negigible proportion of all deliveries ineither country. When patients opt for a home birth our authors expressed the view that GPsgenerally do not have the skills or experience to be the main health professional in attendance.Therefore such births are primarily managed by midwives as the key health care professional. Thefocus of General practitioners is primarily to ensure that the patient is making an informed decisionabout delivering her baby at home. The GP is therefore still in an influential position to assist thewoman in making a decision about where to give birth. As a point of difference in Australia a homebirth would result in out of pocket expences for the mother.The views expressed below are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice elsewhere in their countries. However we believe they offer an interesting perspective ontheir health care systems and commend the article to our readers.Please
McConaghy, N; Armstrong, M S
The semantic confusion in the use of the terms sexual and gender identity and role is discussed. Theories concerning the development of the sense of sexual identity in normals have been based largely on the sense of sexual identity in sexually deviant subjects. It is suggested that such subjects may have a stronger and more consistent sense of sexual identity than subjects unaware of sexually deviant impulses. Male medical students in two consecutive years anonymously completed a questionnaire concerning their sexual orientation, preference, role, and identity. In both years, students aware of a homosexual component answered the items investigating their sexual identity with greater consistency than did the students unaware of a homosexual component. PMID:6639327
Although Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) has often been described as lacking in sexual drive or at most a rather reluctant heterosexual, a close study of his life and writings indicates the presence of a pronounced vein of homoeroticism--although there seems to be no concrete evidence of any homosexual activity on his part. Cognizance of that homoeroticism helps one to understand many elements of his life and writings and suggests that his intense love of nature may have resulted from sublimation of that homoeroticism. PMID:1880400
Full Text Available Although sex researchers use the same methodology as other social scientists, they are constrained by ethical concerns and taboos which are not experienced in other fields. Because of the taboos surrounding sexuality, some traditional research methods are inappropriate. However, sex research, like most social science researches, uses scientific methodological approaches such as survey research (questionnaires and interviews, observational research, experimental research, clinical research and case studies. Ethical issues are especially important in sexuality which is a subject loaded with emotional and moral values. Methodological concern, regarding sampling techniques and their accuracy, is the other important issue. Without a representative sample, the conclusions drawn by these methodologies are limited. Furthermore, sex research is important on both social and personal level. Human sexuality is inherently linked to many of the most important social concerns in the world today. Many public health crises, including sexually transmitted infections, family planning, sexual assault and adolescent pregnancy, are related to human sexuality and to the contribution of sexual attitude, religion and values to these issues. Sex researches may constitute a basis for improved health care, effective social policies, and improvements in public perception. This article reviews methods for sexuality research and their advantages and disadvantages in a historical perspective. Our article aimed to provide valuable information and to encourage the scientists who are interested in sexuality research. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46: 102-9
Bjelica Artur L.
Full Text Available Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but without differences in sexual orientation. However, it has been observed that the frequency of bisexual and lesbian women is higher in women with congenital adrenogenital syndrome. Hormones sexual desire and sexuality during menstrual cycle It has been established that sexual desire, autoeroticism and sexual fantasies in women depend on androgen levels. There are a lot of reports claiming that sexual desire varies during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal contraception and sexuality Most patients using birth control pills present with decreased libido. But, there are reports that progestagens with antiandrogenic effect in contraceptive pills do not affect sexual desire. Hormonal changes in peri- and postmenopausal period and sexuality Decreased levels of estrogen and testosterone in older women are associated with decreased libido, sensitivity and erotic stimuli. Sexuality and hormone replacement therapy Hormonal therapy with estrogen is efficient in reference to genital atrophy, but not to sexual desire. Really increased libido is achieved using androgens. Also, therapy with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA and tibolone have positive effects on female libido. Conclusion Effect of sexual steroids on sexual sphere of women is very complex. The association between hormones and sexuality is multidimensional, as several hormones are important in regulation of sexual behaviour. Still, it should be pointed out that sexuality is in the domain of hormonal, emotional-motivational and social factors.
Young, Ellie L.; Ashbaker, Betty Y.
This article discusses ways on how to address the problem of sexual harassment in schools. Sexual harassment--simply defined as any unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior--is a sensitive topic. Merely providing students, parents, and staff members with information about the school's sexual harassment policy is insufficient; schools must take…
October, 2014 What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual ... diagnosis, and Veterans’ current treatment needs will vary. Military Sexual Trauma October, 2014 How can MST affect ...
Spigarelli, Michael G
Sexual orientation has been defined as the patterns of sexual thoughts, fantasies, and attractions that an individual has toward other persons of the same or opposite gender. Throughout childhood and approaching adolescence, children try to understand their own sexuality and sexual orientation in the context of the society in which they live. Typically, this attempt to understand first occurs in thoughts of a sexual nature and later through actions, usually before sexual orientation is clearly defined. How these experiences are handled, by the individual and close friends and relatives, helps to define how an individual views and accepts their sexual orientation ultimately as an adult. PMID:18453230
This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. PMID:20441406
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of radiation therapy on sexual life. The analysis was based on a Pubmed literature review. The keywords used for this research were 'sexual, radiation, oncology, and cancer'. After a brief reminder on the anatomy and physiology, we explained the main complications of radiation oncology and their impact on sexual life. Preventive measures and therapeutic possibilities were discussed. Radiation therapy entails local, systematic and psychological after-effects. For women, vaginal stenosis and dyspareunia represent the most frequent side effects. For men, radiation therapy leads to erectile disorders for 25 to 75% of the patients. These complications have an echo often mattering on the patient quality of life of and on their sexual life post-treatment reconstruction. The knowledge of the indications and the various techniques of irradiation allow reducing its potential sexual morbidity. The information and the education of patients are essential, although often neglected. In conclusion, radiation therapy impacts in variable degrees on the sexual life of the patients. Currently, there are not enough preventive and therapeutic means. Patient information and the early screening of the sexual complications are at stake in the support of patients in the reconstruction of their sexual life. (authors)
This paper, prepared as a Sigmund Freud birthday lecture for the Anna Freud Centre, takes the opportunity to clarify and to debate some of the misunderstandings surrounding the meaning and significance of sexuality in psychoanalysis. The author departs from twin observations he has made in the last ten years: direct discussion of sexuality seems to have become marginalised and restricted to specialised papers in psychoanalytic journals. Attempting to question and understand this trend the author recalls that Freud placed sexuality at the centre of psychic development, psychoanalytic theory and clinical work. The contemporary and fashionable focus on object relations, pregenital fixations, borderline pathology and theories and techniques drawn from observations of child development have obscured, the author argues, the meaning and importance of sexuality in psychoanalytic theory and practice. A condensed review of Freud's ideas about sexuality and a re-evaluation of them is aimed at restoring the importance of genital sexuality and the Oedipus complex to their central place. For this author today's sexuality is not Freud's sexuality. PMID:8926137
Widman, Laura; McNulty, James K
Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women, Study 1 validated the Sexual Narcissism Scale, a new sexuality research instrument with four subscales-Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Entitlement, Low Sexual Empathy, and Sexual Skill. Then, in a sample of 378 men, Study 2 demonstrated that sexual narcissism was associated with reports of the frequency of sexual aggression, three specific types of sexual aggression (unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and attempted/completed rape), and the likelihood of future sexual aggression. Notably, global narcissism was unrelated to all indices of sexual aggression when sexual narcissism was controlled. That sexual narcissism outperformed global assessments of narcissism to account for variance in sexual aggression suggests that future research may benefit by examining whether sexual narcissism and other sexual-situation-specific measurements of personality can similarly provide a more valid test of the association between personality and other sexual behaviors and outcomes (e.g., contraceptive use, infidelity, sexual satisfaction). PMID:19130204
Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj
Full Text Available Sexual activity is a multifaceted activity, involving complex interactions between the nervous system, the endocrine system, the vascular system and a variety of structures that are instrumental in sexual excitement, intercourse and satisfaction. Sexual function has three components i.e., desire, arousal and orgasm. Many sexual dysfunctions can be categorized according to the phase of sexual response that is affected. In actual clinical practice however, sexual desire, arousal and orgasmic difficulties more often than not coexist, suggesting an integration of phases. Sexual dysfunction can result from a wide variety of psychological and physiological causes including derangements in the levels of sex hormones and neurotrensmitters. This review deals with the biology of different phases of sexual function as well as implications of hormones and neurotransmitters in sexual dysfunction
Morse, William I.
Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) is one of the most common sexual dysfunctions, especially in women. Family physicians have an opportunity to recognize ISD before the associated problems become entrenched, and to guide couples toward satisfactory resolution. A summary is presented of current thinking on ISD and its causes. Case reports and observations about frequency of and treatment for ISD are included. Much less has been written about sexual avoidance in the presence of desire. A definition ...
Ullman, Sarah E; Vasquez, Amanda L
This study examined sexual risk behaviors and sexual refusal assertiveness in relationship to child sexual abuse, emotion dysregulation, and adult sexual revictimization. Path analyses of 1,094 survivors who had sex in the past year were done to examine sexual risk behavior and sexual refusal assertiveness mediational pathways by which child sexual abuse severity and emotion dysregulation may affect revictimization over one year in adult female sexual assault survivors. Exchanging sex for money and sexual refusal assertiveness were significantly associated with emotion dysregulation, whereas exchanging sex for money, and not sexual refusal assertiveness, was only significantly related to child sexual abuse severity. Both exchanging sex for money and sex refusal assertiveness mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and adult sexual revictimization. Exchanging sex for money mediated the child sexual abuse severity-revictimization relationship. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both risky and protective sexual behaviors in research and prevention programming that address sexual revictimization in women. PMID:25942287
Full Text Available ... 300 students completed a series of computer-assisted surveys asking them about bullying and peer victimization… first ... again in 7th and 10th grades. The final survey also included questions about sexual orientation and sexual ...
... Certain medicines (such as oral contraceptives and chemotherapy drugs), diseases (such as diabetes or high blood pressure), excessive alcohol use or vaginal infections can cause sexual problems. Depression, relationship problems or abuse (current or past abuse) can also cause sexual ...
... Travel Nurses Get Job Help Vets in the Workplace VA for Vets Performance Based Interviewing Clinical Trainees ( ... a particular sexual orientation. Because of these various gender-related ... There is a bias in our culture against viewing the sexual assault ...
Sex and rape; Date rape; Sexual assault ... Most estimates say that 80 - 90% of rapes are not reported to police. Current trends project that 1 in 3 American women will be sexually assaulted at some point during their ...
Montgomery, Keith A.
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and sexual aversion disorder (SAD) are an under-diagnosed group of disorders that affect men and women. Despite their prevalence, these two disorders are often not addressed by healthcare providers and patients due their private and awkward nature. As physicians, we need to move beyond our own unease in order to adequately address our patients’ sexual problems and implement appropriate treatment. Using the Sexual Response Cycle as the model of the ph...
Sexual dysfunction takes place in the context of women's lives and affects their sexuality and self-esteem. Awareness of these influences are vital to the management of the dysfunction and the promotion of positive sexuality. The family physician's contribution to both the prevention and management of sexual concerns includes an awareness of societal influences and facilitation of a woman's sense of her own power and control over her life.
... and who will make a good candidate for infertility treatment. It also explains each of the different techniques that are used and briefly discusses financial issues. Adoption Assistance for Children Adopted from Foster Care: A Factsheet for Families - Adoption assistance helps remove ...
Full Text Available Patients want to discuss concerns about their sexual health, but these discussions can be difficult to initiate. Most patients wait for their healthcare provider to enquire about their sexual health. Female sexual problems are highly prevalent, affecting up to 43% of women. Between a third and half [...] of these women describe their problem/s as distressing, causing a major impact on their quality of life and interpersonal relationships. Addressing sexual health issues with patients can enhance medical practice and improve patient well-being. This article provides healthcare providers with an approach to addressing female sexual dysfunction, along with an overview of diagnosis and treatment options.
Full Text Available In this paper, the authors observe sexual exploitation from an anthropological perspective. They analyze the rational, ethical, emotional and mythological dimensions of human sexuality. Consequently, after setting the phenomenon in a social and historical context, sexual exploitation is closely observed in the contemporary age. Based on thoughts of relevant thinkers, they make the conclusion that the elimination of sexual exploitation is not an utterly legal issue, but political and economical issues as well. Namely, legal norms are not sufficient to overcome sexual exploitation, but, political and economical relationships in contemporary societies, which will be based on sincere equal opportunities must be established.
von Linstow, Michael Ernst; Biering-SØrensen, Ida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sexual function amongst adult individuals with spina bifida and to register their subjective satisfaction with their sexual life and relationships. SETTING: Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, East Denmark. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Cohort study. Medical record information, neurological examination, personal interview, Functional Independence Measure (FIMTM), Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) on quality of life, and questions on sexual function and related topics. Study cohort: Fifty-three participants (27 women, 26 men) with spina bifida (mean age 27.1, range 18-35) years. Response rate 74%. RESULTS: Fifty-one percent of subjects regarded their sexual life as a failure or dysfunctional. However, 45% reported being satisfied with their sexual life. Participants with partners were more satisfied with their sexual life than those without partners. Faecal, but not urinary, incontinence was associated with poorer sexual function and less satisfaction. Forty-nine percent of subjects indicated that the sexual education they received at puberty was useful; however, 32% lacked knowledge about their sexual functioning with regard to their disability. CONCLUSION: There is a need for further sexual education and counselling for adults with spina bifida in order to improve their sexuality and quality of life.
Carolina Rodrigues de, Mendonça; Jalsi Tacon, Arruda; Waldemar Naves do, Amaral.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função sexual de mulheres submetidas a técnicas de reprodução assistida. MÉTODOS: Estudo caso-controle com 278 mulheres atendidas no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás nos serviços de Reprodução Humana e no Ambulatório de Ginecologia. As mulheres foram dist [...] ribuídas em grupo caso (168 mulheres inférteis) e grupo controle (110 mulheres férteis), e responderam ao questionário Índice de Função Sexual Feminina (IFSF) para avaliação da função sexual. Calculou-se a odds ratio (OR) para a chance de disfunção sexual nas mulheres inférteis (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate sexual function in women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques. METHODS: This is a case-control study including 278 women assisted in Human Reproduction services and at the Gynecology Clinic of the University Hospital, Federal University of Goiás, Brazil. The women were [...] divided into a study group (168 infertile women) and a control group (110 fertile women), and they answered the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire used the assess the sexual function. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) for the chance of sexual dysfunction in infertile women (p
Full Text Available Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually towards male child. Thirty-fifty percent of abuse cases among child and adolescent are outside the family including strangers or familiar person. Some features of abusers are introvert personality, pedophilic and antisocial personality. Most of the abusers have a history of sexual abuse or aggression during childhood. Sexual intercourse between two people who are not allowed to marry by law is called as incest. Family pattern of incest is defined globally as disorganized and dysfunctional. The most commonly reported familial pattern is rigid and patriarchal family pattern with a harsh father using force quite frequently. The clinical features and impacts of the sexual abuse on the child varies according to the relation between abusers and the child, form of abuse, duration of abuse, presence of physical assault, developmental phase, child age and psychological development before the abuse. Sexual abuse history may result in psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, substance dependence, suicide act, borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder. Abuse negatively affects interpersonal relationships and self esteem of abused individuals. Several studies reported close association between risky sexual behaviors in adulthood and a history of of sexual abuse during childhood. Four traumatic dynamics including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness, and stigmatization exist in childhood abuse. Trauma can cause behavioral and psychological results by itself, early trauma may also lead to biological effects. Especially traumas during neuron plasticity phase may lead hypersensitivity of neuroendocrine stress response. Early life stresses are shown to lead changes in corticotrophin releasing factor system in preclinical and clinical phase studies. In the treatment of sexual abuse, emotional process related with trauma should be focused on. This process may be conducted with play therapy. Development of higher level defense mechanism, increasing ego capacity, orientation to social activity and personal activity according to skills is aimed. For the elimination of guiltiness related with stigmatization, the child should be told that it is not herhis fault to incorporate into sexual interaction and the culprit is abuser. It is fairly important for medical staff, school and family to have sufficient information about sexual abuse for prevention and early recognition.
Creatsas, G K
Adolescent sexual activity is increasing. Premature sexual intercourse results in high figures of adolescent pregnancy and abortion, as well as in increased risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Lack of information on the prevention of STDs and poor hygiene in both boys and girls are also main reasons for increased morbidity because of STDs during adolescence. Contraceptive behaviour during adolescence varies between countries and communities. It seems, however, that the condom and oral contraceptives (OC) are popular contraceptive methods. Ineffective methods such as periodic abstinence, coitus interruptus, and withdrawal before ejaculation are in use. On the other hand, compliance of adolescents on contraception is poor. The above are additional causes for increasing rates of adolescent pregnancies. Countries providing sexual education programs in schools present lower rates of pregnancy and abortion. Adolescent pregnancy is safe if a careful follow up is accepted by the teenager. A significant number of homeless youth are homosexuals or lesbian adolescents. Most of them are at high risk for HIV infection, AIDS, and STDs. It is concluded that sexual education programs are absolutely necessary to offer adolescents the knowledge on the complications of premature sexual activity, as well as prevention of the undesired pregnancy and STDs. PMID:8286689
Esther A, Caricote Ágreda.
Full Text Available A sexualidade constitui um aspecto legítimo para o desenvolvimento do adolescente. É necessário colocar a necessidade de que os adolescentes sejam apoiados pelo mundo adulto para atingir um desenvolvimento pleno e harmonioso de sua saúde sexual. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estimular a participação [...] dos adolescentes em etapa tardia (17-19 anos de idade), na promoção de sua saúde sexual. A pesquisa está baseada no paradigma qualitativo, matriz epistêmica fenomenológica cujo método, a investigaçãoação participante, permitiu a realização de oficinas vivenciais sobre crescimento pessoal, educação sexual e educação em valores, com sete adolescentes de ambos os sexos durante o período janeiro-abril de 2006. As técnicas qualitativas de colheita da informação se basearam em entrevistas abertas, observação participante e discussão grupal. Resultados: os descobrimentos permitiram afirmar que os/as adolescentes possuem informação sexual insuficiente e deformada que não se traduz em comportamentos preventivos e saudáveis em suas práticas sexuais. Conclusões: existe um sistema de crenças sobre estereótipos de gênero e uma desinformação sexual, que fazem parte dos padrões sócio-culturais nos participantes da pesquisa. Abstract in spanish La sexualidad constituye un aspecto legítimo para el desarrollo del adolescente. Es necesario plantear la necesidad de que los adolescentes sean apoyados por el mundo adulto para lograr un desarrollo pleno y armonioso de su salud sexual. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estimular la participaci [...] ón de los adolescentes en etapa tardía (17-19 años de edad), en la promoción de su salud sexual. La investigación se apoya en el paradigma cualitativo, matriz epistémica fenomenológica cuyo método, la investigación-acción participante, permitió la realización de talleres vivenciales sobre crecimiento personal, educación sexual y educación en valores, con siete adolescentes de ambos sexos durante el período enero-abril del 2006. Las técnicas cualitativas de recolección de la información se basaron en entrevistas abiertas, observación participante y discusión grupal. Resultados: los hallazgos permitieron afirmar que los/ las adolescentes poseen información sexual insuficiente y deformada que no se traduce en comportamientos preventivos y saludables en sus prácticas sexuales. Conclusiones: existe un sistema de creencias sobre estereotipos de género y una desinformación sexual, que forman parte de los patrones socioculturales en los participantes de la investigación. Abstract in english Sexuality is a legitimate aspect for the development of the teenager. It is necessary to raise the need that teenagers are supported by the adult world in order to achieve a full and harmonious development of their sexual health. The goal of this research was to stimulate participation from teenager [...] s in their late stage (17-19 years old), in promoting sexual health. The research is supported on the qualitative paradigm, phenomenological epistemic matrix which methodology, participative action-research, allowed doing experiential workshops on personal growth, sexual education and values education, with seven teenagers from both genders during the period of April 2006. The qualitative techniques of collecting information were based on open interviews, participative observation and group discussion. Results: the findings allowed affirming that teenagers (from both genders), have not enough and deformed sexual information which does not translate into healthy and preventive behaviors when practicing sex. Conclusions: there is a believe system on gender stereotypes and a sexual disinformation, which are part of the socio-cultural patterns in the research’s participants.
Livingston, Jennifer A.; Testa, Maria; Vanzile-tamsen, Carol
Low sexual assertiveness has been proposed as a possible mechanism through which sexual revictimization occurs, yet evidence for this has been mixed. In this study, prospective path analysis was used to examine the relationship between sexual refusal assertiveness and sexual victimization over time among a community sample of women. Results provide support for a reciprocal relationship, with historical victimization predicting low sexual assertiveness and low sexual assertiveness predicting s...
Jackson, Karla Jean
This study examined the co-occurrence of psychopathy and sexual deviance in sexual offenders (N = 76). The relationship between psychopathy and sexual deviance was assessed in terms of their independence and whether they interacted to increase sexual recidivism significantly. The predictive values of psychopathy and sexual deviance as individual risk factors were also explored. Psychopathy and sexual deviance as general constructs were independent, although a number of specific aspects of psy...
Recent research suggesting that a high proportion of men and women remain sexually active well into later life refutes the prevailing myth that aging and sexual dysfunction are inexorably linked. Age-related physiological changes do not render a meaningful sexual relationship impossible or even necessarily difficult. In men, greater physical stimulation is required to attain and maintain erections, and orgasms are less intense. In women, menopause terminates fertility and produces changes ste...
Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory dysfunction). Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation are two times more common in men with chronic pelvic pain/chronic prostatitis. All treatments of prostate cancer are responsible for sexual dysfunctions. Sexual disorders frequently appear during the management of infertile couples. Information and support should be offered to couples. Women with urinary incontinence also suffer frequently from coital incontinence. PMID:25201599
The mutually reinforcing dyad of depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction is scientifically established. The cure of depression improves sexual dysfunction (SD) and the treatment of SD induces improvement of depression. Most of anti-depressants induce negative sexual side effects that lead to non-compliance of these treatments. The knowledge of interrelation between depression, anti-depressants and sexuality is of great importance in clinical practice. PMID:25148948
Gorguet Pi, Iliana Cecilia
Libro que aborda los conceptos básicos de sexo, sexualidad, y salud sexual. Se exploran en varios capítulos, diversos aspectos de la sexualidad, actitudes y conductas en adolescentes, jóvenes, adultos y ancianos. Los problemas y trastornos sexuales, su valoración en las consultas de diagnóstico, orientación y terapia sexual. Así aborda la educación para la sexualidad cuyo objetivo es la preparación para la vida familiar, de pareja, matrimonial, para contribuir al desarrollo de ...
Herbert, Carol P.
Increasing emphasis is being placed on the identification and management of sexual abuse in children. Family physicians have a role to play in identifying and treating these children. Some common myths about sexual abuse are that assaults are made mostly by strangers, that sexual abuse is rare, and that there's nothing wrong with sex between adults and children. Indicators in the child may be physical or behavioral. In the family, indicators include fathers with low self-esteem, poor relation...
Objectives: To assess current knowledge of sexually transmitted viral hepatitis in relation to epidemiology, clinical presentation, management, and diagnosis with particular reference to resource-poor settings.
Full Text Available The aim of this review was to describe the recent literature concerning sexual dysfunction in fibromyalgic patients. To this end, we used the common online databases PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE (up to June 2012 and searched for the key words fibromyalgia (FM and sexual dysfunction. All the studies examined underlined that FM is strictly associated with sexual dysfunction in women. The major findings observed were related to a decreased sexual desire and arousal, decreased experience of orgasm, and in some studies an increase in genital pain. The psychological aspects, together with the stress related to the constant presence of chronic widespread pain, fatigue and sleep disturbances, are certainly a major factor that adversely affects the sexuality of the patient with FM. Moreover, the drugs most commonly used in these cases may interfere negatively on the sexuality and sexual function of these patients. Therefore, the therapeutic intervention should be targeted and the side effects should be weighed up against the positive effects. It is of the utmost importance to recognise the problem of sexuality and sexual dysfunction in a more complex form of its expression and undertake a multidisciplinary therapeutic intervention to improve the quality of FM patients’ life.
Lucila, Blanco-Cedres; María, Pérez Rancel; Zulaima, Osuna.
Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo con el objetivo de identificar conocimientos sobre VIH/SIDA y conductas sexuales en adolescentes universitarios de distintos estratos socioeconómicos en la Gran Caracas. Se aplicó una encuesta para explorar aspectos: sociodemográficas, conocimiento sobre VIH/SIDA y [...] conductas sexuales asociadas con VIH/SIDA. El análisis estadístico se basó en la prueba Chi-cuadrado y el escalamiento multidimensional. Los resultados mostraron un alto porcentaje de estudiantes con desconocimiento de la definición conceptual del VIH/SIDA. Los estudiantes de mayor nivel socioeconómico tienen menor presencia de conductas sexuales de alto riesgo asociadas con VIH/SIDA y mayor similitud en las respuestas correctas. Los estudiantes de estratos sociales bajos-medios tienen mayor riesgo de adquirir VIH/SIDA, ya que en ellos predominan conductas sexuales de alto riesgo. Abstract in english An investigation was undertaken with the objective to describe knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sexual conducts among university students from different socioeconomic strata in the Gran Caracas. A questionnaire was applied to explore aspects related to socioeconomic variables, sexual conduct and knowledge [...] on HIV/AIDS. The statistical analyses were based on the chi-squared test and the multidimensional scaling technique. The results showed a high percentage of students without conceptual knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Students from high socioeconomic stratum exhibited lesser presence of sexual conducts related to high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS, as well as, greater similarity on their correct responses. The students from low-medium social strata are at greater risk for acquiring HIV/AIDS, since they engage in high-risk sexual conducts.
A sexual history should be routinely obtained from all travellers. Those whose symptoms indicate a sexually transmitted disease may need to be investigated for unusual infections. Resistant strains of gonorrhea are becoming a major concern. Chancroid should be considered in the differential diagnosis of genital ulcer disease. The possiblility of human immunodeficiency virus infection should be discussed with all these patients.
Levine, S B
A collage of eight overlapping themes for the definition of sexuality is presented prior to undertaking a historical overview of the rapid development of the field that began in 1970 as "sex therapy." The limitations of theory, behavioral science, and the art of medicine as they apply to helping people with their sexual concerns are highlighted. PMID:7761299
Full Text Available ... and sexual attraction. The results showed that sexual-minority youth experienced higher levels of bullying across all ... Players MedlinePlus Connect for EHRs For Developers U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD ...
P, Ramlachan; M M, Campbell.
Full Text Available Approximately 31% of men suffer from a sexual dysfunction in their lifetime. This review aims to provide the family practitioner with an approach to managing common cases of male sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, using consensus guidelines. [...
Cellek, Selim; Giraldi, Annamaria
The sexual medicine field has been in mode of revolution until recently. Like all other fields of biomedical research, the economic situation around the world has had a negative impact on the field's momentum-research funding bodies, regulatory bodies and pharmaceutical companies seem to have placed sexual medicine in their low-priority list. But this is not the only challenge the field is facing. The successful development of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) means that research in this area seems to have slowed. However, there remain several unmet medical needs within sexual medicine such as premature ejaculation, severe ED and hypoactive sexual desire disorder, which await novel therapeutic approaches. Despite these challenges, research into finding and developing such therapies is likely to continue in the sexual medicine field, in an effort to improve the lives of our patients, who wait for effective therapies.
Full Text Available Introduction: Premature ejaculation is the most common male sexual dysfunction leading to distress in many couples. Master and Johnson emphasized the concept of early learned experiences and Kaplan emphasized lack of sensory awareness. For treatment sex therapists mainly utilize start-stop and squeeze techniques as homework. Couples enter sex therapy with some cognitive distortions and beliefs about sex and sexuality. These beliefs are also named sexual myths. For some couples using techniques to challenge cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs about sex and sexuality can be used. In this paper by presenting a case we discussed how cognitive techniques can be used along with behaviour techniques with couples. Case: Presenting clients are five years married couple who are thirty and twenty nine years old respectively. They attended to the outpatient clinic with the request of the female client. Their main complaint was premature ejaculation. They were diagnosed premature ejaculation using clinical interview. In treatment besides start and stop technique, cognitive techniques were utilized to address dysfunctional beliefs about sexuality. Discussion: Premature ejaculation is a male sexual dysfunction that causes distress and intimacy problems between couples. Stop start and squeeze techniques were accepted as the choice of treatment but their effectiveness is questioned recently. Also cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs may hamper therapy progress. Besides that, behavioral techniques utilizing cognitive techniques to lessen the degree of dysfunctional beliefs about sex and sexuality may help the couple to overcome premature ejaculation and enhance sexual satisfaction and intimacy.
Akkoyunlu, Serkan; Hakan Tu?rkc?apar, M.; Akkoyunlu, Canan
Introduction: Premature ejaculation is the most common male sexual dysfunction leading to distress in many couples. Master and Johnson emphasized the concept of early learned experiences and Kaplan emphasized lack of sensory awareness. For treatment sex therapists mainly utilize start-stop and squeeze techniques as homework. Couples enter sex therapy with some cognitive distortions and beliefs about sex and sexuality. These beliefs are also named sexual myths. For some couples using technique...
Morgan, Elizabeth M.
Very little is known about outcomes of sexual behavior for sexual minority youth. In this chapter, I review relevant literature and draw on findings from my own research to initiate an inquiry into this important topic. I begin with a brief overview of the range of sexual behaviors of sexual minority adolescents and young adults. Next, I describe…
Goettsch, Stephen L.
Reviews eight current human sexuality textbooks for both their general organization and substantive content. Addresses specifically the content areas of sexual response cycle; sexual disfunction; acquaintance rape; AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases; extramarital sex; abortion; homosexuality; and pornography. Identifies as a recurring fault…
Espada, José P.
Full Text Available In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sexual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351. The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18. Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years, average (15 years and late (later than 15 years. The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.
KATZ, LICHEN; EBERHARDT, HILA; COHEN, KOBY; LEJOYEUX, MICHEL
Background and aims Sexual addiction, also known as hypersexual disorder, is associated with serious psychosocial problems for many people. Methods This study used questionnaires to investigate the effects of gender, sexual orientation and attachment (avoidance and anxiety) on sexual compulsion among 100 heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Results A positive correlation was found between anxious attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.46; p homosexual and heterosexual men [t (2, 50) = 1.30, p = N.S.]. Discussion The results provide preliminary evidence for an association between attachment and sexual compulsivity and the effects of gender and sexual orientation on sexual compulsivity. PMID:25786496
Maria Angela Boccara de Paula
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females, mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 2005. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a unidade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos.
Niehaus, Ashley F; Jackson, Joan; Davies, Stephanie
Childhood sexual trauma has been demonstrated to increase survivors' risk for engaging in unrestricted sexual behaviors and experiencing adolescent sexual assault. The current study used the sexual self-schema construct to examine cognitive representations of sexuality that might drive these behavioral patterns. In Study 1 (N = 774), we attempted to improve the content validity of the Sexual Self Schema Scale for child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors, introducing a fourth sexual self-schema factor titled the "immoral/irresponsible" factor. In Study 2 (N = 1150), the potential differences in sexual self-views, as assessed by the four sexual self-schema factors, between CSA survivors and non-victims were explored. In addition, Study 2 evaluated how these sexual self-schema differences may contribute to participation in unrestricted sexual behaviors and risk for sexual assault in adolescence. Results indicated that a history of CSA impacted the way women viewed themselves as a sexual person on each of the four factors. CSA survivors were found to view themselves as more open and possessing more immoral/irresponsible cognitions about sexuality as compared to women who did not have a CSA history. In addition, the CSA survivors endorsed less embarrassment and passionate/romantic views of their sexual selves. The interaction of CSA severity and the sexual self-schemas explained variance in adolescent sexual assault experiences above and beyond the severity of CSA history and participation in risky sexual behaviors. The findings suggest that sexual self-views may serve to moderate the relationship between CSA and adolescent sexual assault. Implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:20229148
Widman, Laura; McNulty, James K.
Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women,...
Masters, N. Tatiana; Beadnell, Blair; Morrison, Diane M.; Hoppe, Marilyn J.; Wells, Elizabeth A.
Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths’ risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers’. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19....
Shifting from an essentialist to a constructionist perspective on sexual identities, I move from a consideration of the homosexual legal subject, as presently treated under the European Convention on Human Rights, to the elaboration of a universal sexual legal subject. The universal sexual legal subject enjoys two basic rights: the right to choose sexual activity and sexual identity and the right to establish relationships and families in accordance with this choice. The possibility of includ...
Ryder, Verdene; Smith, Peggy B.
This book provides a complete course in human sexuality. It can also be used to supplement a family living course. Text content provides current information for teaching high school students about sexuality issues. The text offers basic information on growth and development, sexual development, pregnancy, and birth. It explains the sexual decision…
Levine, Stephen B
Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by a 6-category spectrum: (a) no sexual excess beyond breaking the spouse's restrictive rules (n = 2), (b) discovery of husband's longstanding sexual secrets (n = 5), (c) new discovery of the joys of commercial sex (n = 4), (d) the bizarre or paraphilic (n = 7), (e) alternate concept of normal masculinity (n = 5), and (f) spiraling psychological deterioration (n = 7). Only the men with a spiraling psychological deterioration-about 25% of the sample with sexual issues-could reasonably be described as having a sexual addiction. This group experienced significant psychological failures before the onset of their deterioration. Another 25% were adequately defined as paraphilic. Half of the sample was not adequately described using addiction, compulsivity, impulsivity, and relationship incapacity models. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for DSM-5 and treatment. PMID:20432125
Full Text Available The development of medications for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men has, on one level, medicalised the notion of sexual dysfunction. However, it has also allowed researchers to explore many other aspects of sexual function in older persons. Health and well-being are positively affected b [...] y sexual activity. Older persons engaging in regular consensual sex have shown improved well-being in both physical and psychological health, associated with fewer health problems as they age. Engaging in intercourse has been correlated with improved intimate relationships, improved cardiovascular health and lower rates of depression.
Bowleg, Lisa; Burkholder, Gary J; Noar, Seth M; Teti, Michelle; Malebranche, David J; Tschann, Jeanne M
Sexual scripts are widely shared gender and culture-specific guides for sexual behavior with important implications for HIV prevention. Although several qualitative studies document how sexual scripts may influence sexual risk behaviors, quantitative investigations of sexual scripts in the context of sexual risk are rare. This mixed methods study involved the qualitative development and quantitative testing of the Sexual Scripts Scale (SSS). Study 1 included qualitative semi-structured interviews with 30 Black heterosexual men about sexual experiences with main and casual sex partners to develop the SSS. Study 2 included a quantitative test of the SSS with 526 predominantly low-income Black heterosexual men. A factor analysis of the SSS resulted in a 34-item, seven-factor solution that explained 68% of the variance. The subscales and coefficient alphas were: Romantic Intimacy Scripts (? = .86), Condom Scripts (? = .82), Alcohol Scripts (? = .83), Sexual Initiation Scripts (? = .79), Media Sexual Socialization Scripts (? = .84), Marijuana Scripts (? = .85), and Sexual Experimentation Scripts (? = .84). Among men who reported a main partner (n = 401), higher Alcohol Scripts, Media Sexual Socialization Scripts, and Marijuana Scripts scores, and lower Condom Scripts scores were related to more sexual risk behavior. Among men who reported at least one casual partner (n = 238), higher Romantic Intimacy Scripts, Sexual Initiation Scripts, and Media Sexual Socialization Scripts, and lower Condom Scripts scores were related to higher sexual risk. The SSS may have considerable utility for future research on Black heterosexual men's HIV risk. PMID:24311105
María A, García G; Guillermo A, Cañadas-De la Fuente; Emilio, González-Jiménez; Rafael, Fernández Castillo; Inmaculada, García-García.
Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 year [...] s (34 females), attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.
Lúcia Alves da Silva, Lara; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e, Silva; Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata, Romão; Flavia Raquel Rosa, Junqueira.
Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da f [...] unção sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos. Abstract in english Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed b [...] y four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.
Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara
Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT, uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos.Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.
Songül Gündo?du K?ran
Full Text Available Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is one of the most diffucult issue to be talked over and studied. All instances of abuse are not recognized or reported because of shame and guilt feelings, or hidden from other family members. It can lead to both immediate and long-term adverse behavioral and psychological effects that carry over into adulthood. A causal model identifying rehationship among sexual abuse situation characteristics, based on Finkelhor and Browne?s traumagenic model of childhood sexual abuse has four traumatic dynamics, including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness and stigmatization. Traumatic sexuality can be defined as deviation of the development of sexual feelings and attitudes from normal. The documented long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse on adult functioning include affective disorders, self destructive behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder and disturbed interpersonal relationships. In this article, we present a case with sexual obsessions and compulsive sexual behaviours, which developed after intrafamilial sexual abuse.
McNulty, James K; Widman, Laura
There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, we examined the extent to which the facets of a domain-specific measure of sexual narcissism accounted for the trajectories of own and partner sexual and marital satisfaction over the first five years of 120 new marriages. Three of the four facets of sexual narcissism (sexual exploitation, sexual entitlement, and low sexual empathy) were negatively associated with both trajectories. The fourth facet (sexual skill) was positively associated with both trajectories. Notably, sexual satisfaction mediated the effect of every facet of sexual narcissism on marital satisfaction. A global assessment of narcissism was not associated with either trajectory of satisfaction. These findings highlight (1) the importance of narcissistic tendencies for sexual processes, (2) the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality in research on sexual behavior, and (3) the importance of examining the implications of the specific facets of personality constructs. PMID:23297145
... 4 The Depressed Child #5 Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking to Your Kids about Sex #73 Self-Injury in Adolescents #00 Definition of a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist ...
Canadian reports and legislation are reviewed to highlight the school's role in prevention and reporting of suspicions of child sexual abuse. The vulnerability of handicapped children and child pornography are two areas of victimization emphasized. (Author/DB)
... Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 U.S.C. §2256(8)) defines ... a person under the age of 18. Is child pornography a crime? It is a federal crime to ...
This lesson describes how meiosis makes sexual reproduction possible. Specifically, meiosis produces haploid cells and allows for genetic variation. Key terms in this lesson are hyperlinked so students can easily find definitions to new words.
This activity provides questions and Web sites to guide student investigation of birth control methods, fetal development, risks of alcohol and smoking during pregnancy, changes during puberty, and HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Cervical infections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Herpes simplex virus are some of the most common sexually transmitted infections. They are often asymptomatic, and therefore the patient is at risk of developing complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease. It is important to recognize cervicitis, investigate it appropriately, and provide early treatment. Sexual partners must also be located and offered therapy to prevent re-infection in the index patient.
This paper analyzes the criminal offence of the non-consensual distribution of intimate images (what some call “revenge porn”). Focussing on the debate currently underway in Canada, it notes that such an offence would fill a grey area in that country’s criminal law. Arguing, more broadly, that the criminal law has an important expressive function, the paper posits that the offence targets the same general type of wrongdoing—sexual objectification—that undergirds sexual assault. Whi...
Parker, G.A; Partridge, L
We review the significance of two forms of sexual conflict (different evolutionary interests of the two sexes) for genetic differentiation of populations and the evolution of reproductive isolation. Conflicting selection on the alleles at a single locus can occur in males and females if the sexes have different optima for a trait, and there are pleiotropic genetic correlations between the sexes for it. There will then be selection for sex limitation and hence sexual dimorphism. This sex limit...
Brown, Lisanne; Thurman, Tonya; Bloem, Jeanette; Kendall, Carl
The magnitude and characteristics of sexual violence in two urban areas of Lesotho are described based on a random household survey of 939 sexually active women aged 18-35. Sexual violence is defined as nonconsensual sex ranging from the use of threats and intimidation to unwanted touching and forced sex. Twenty-five percent of women surveyed reported ever being physically forced to have sex; 13 percent reported that forced sex was attempted; 31 percent said that they were touched against their will; and 11 percent reported being forced to touch a man's genitals. Boyfriends were the most common perpetrators of actual and attempted forced sex (66 percent and 44 percent, respectively); known community members were the most common perpetrators of touching the respondent against her will (52 percent). Currently married women and those with more education were less likely than others to report that sex was forced upon them by an intimate partner or by another type of perpetrator. Women living in areas where a program raising awareness about sexual violence was ongoing were more likely to report a history of sexual violence. Given the high prevalence of HIV in Lesotho, programs should address women's right to control their sexuality. PMID:17209284
Anglewicz, Philip; VanLandingham, Mark; Phuengsamran, Dusita
Migration from one's parents' home and sexual debut are common features of the transition to adulthood. Although many studies have described both of these features independently, few have examined the relationship between migration and sexual debut in a systematic manner. In this study, we explore this link for young adults in Thailand. With relatively high rates of internal migration, rapid modernization, a moderate HIV epidemic, and a declining average age of sexual debut, Thailand presents an instructive environment in which to examine migration and sexual debut. We use two waves of a longitudinal data set (2005 and 2007) that includes a subsample of young adults who migrated to urban areas during that period. We identify characteristics and behaviors associated with sexual debut and examine the role of migration on debut. Our approach reduces several common sources of bias that hamper existing work on both migration and sexual debut: (1) the longitudinal nature of the data enables us to examine the effects of characteristics that predate both behaviors of interest; (2) the survey on sexual behavior employed a technique that reduces response bias; and (3) we examine differences in debut by marital status. We find that migrants have a higher likelihood of sexual debut than nonmigrants. PMID:25145326
Cheng, Joseph C; Secondary, Joseph; Burke, William H; Fedoroff, J Paul; Dwyer, R Gregg
The neuroanatomical correlates of human sexual desire, arousal, and behavior have been characterized in recent years with functional brain imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET). Here, we briefly review the results of functional neuroimaging studies in humans, whether healthy or suffering from sexual disorders, and the current models of regional and network activation in sexual arousal. Attention is paid, in particular, to findings from both regional and network studies in the past 3 years. We also identify yet unanswered and pressing questions of interest to areas of ongoing investigations for psychiatric, scientific, and forensic disciplines. PMID:25980508
Richard L. Rapson
Full Text Available Recently, scholars from a variety of disciplines have begun to investigate passionate love, sexual desire, and sexual behavior. Specifically, they have begun to investigate questions profound questions as: “Why do men and women engage in sexual liaisons?” “Why do they avoid such liaisons?” In this paper, we will review what theorists have learned about the motives that encourage people to engage in (or to avoid sexual encounters, focusing specifically about what is know about the influence of gender, personality, and social context on sexual motives. We will close by speculating about the impact of such differing motives on sexual functioning and the prevalence of STIs and AIDs.
(a) Members and employees shall not engage in harassment on the basis of sex. Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment...
Weinhardt, Lance S.; Carey, Michael P.; Maisto, Stephen A.; Carey, Kate B.; Cohen, Meredith M.; Wickramasinghe, Sohan M.
The reliability of self-reported sexual behavior is a question of utmost importance to HIV-prevention research. The Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview, which was developed to assess alcohol consumption on the event level, incorporates recall-enhancing techniques that result in reliable information. In this study, the TLFB interview was adapted to assess HIV-related sexual behaviors and their antecedents, and its reliability was assessed. The interview was administered to 110 participants (4...
Waldinger, Marcel D
Sexual problems are highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders. They may be caused by the psychopathology of the psychiatric disorder but also by its pharmacotherapy. Both positive symptoms (e.g., psychosis, hallucinations) as well as negative symptoms (e.g., anhedonia) of schizophrenia may negatively interfere with interpersonal and sexual relationships. Atypical antipsychotics have fewer sexual side-effects than the classic antipsychotics. Mood disorders may affect libido, sexual arousal, orgasm, and erectile function. With the exception of bupropion, agomelatine, mirtazapine, vortioxetine, amineptine, and moclobemide, all antidepressants cause sexual side-effects. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may particularly delay ejaculation and female orgasm, but also can cause decreased libido and erectile difficulties. SSRI-induced sexual side-effects are dose-dependent and reversible. Very rarely, their sexual side-effects persist after SSRI discontinuation. This is often preceded by genital anesthesia. Some personality characteristics are a risk factor for sexual dysfunction. Also patients with eating disorders may suffer from sexual difficulties. So far, research into psychotropic-induced sexual side-effects suffers from substantial methodologic limitations. Patients tend not to talk with their clinician about their sexual life. Psychiatrists and other doctors need to take the initiative to talk about the patient's sexual life in order to become informed about potential medication-induced sexual difficulties. PMID:26003261
Molina, R; Araa, S; Ibazeta, G; Jordan, P; Lagos, E
A survey of knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding human reproduction and sexuality was undertaken in 2 groups of secondary school students in Chile to assess whether greater knowledge of reproduction and sexuality is associated with greater permissiveness and earlier initiation of sexual activity. Students in 2 public schools, 1 coeducational and 1 for female students only, were of lower middle class background, while students at the coeducational private school were of higher socioeconomic status. An anonymous, semiclosed questionnaire was administered to students in the 3 schools. The schools were selected because their directors agreed to permit the study. 14.8% of the 351 public school students were aged 14 or under and 77.8% were 15-18, while 99.5% of the 197 private school students were aged 15-18. The students' levels of knowledge of human reproduction and sexuality were measured through direct personal assessments by the students themselves and through 21 questions to confirm the assessments. At least 93% of students in all schools said their level of knowledge was medium or high, but the test indicated that only 64% of public school students and 75% of private school students actually had medium or high levels of knowledge. 45.9% of private and 27.9% of public school students felt the information they received from their schools about sexuality was adequate, while 41.9% of private and 60.9% of public school students felt it was insufficient. There were no significant differences in the opinions of the 2 groups of students concerning premarital sex, but the reasons given by the private school students to explain their attitudes expressed a greater sense of commitment to the partner, while those of the public school students tended to be more functional. Among public school students, 38.7% of males and 9.7% of females reported having had sexual relations, while among private school students, 17.7% of males and 4.4% of females reported having done so. No significant differences were reported in the age of initiating sexual activity in the 2 groups. Students in the school with the highest overall level of knowledge of human reproduction and sexuality had lower overall levels of sexual activity. PMID:12269033
Gisela Kozak, Rovero¹.
Full Text Available Como consecuencia, en primer lugar, de la importancia de la sexualidad en los roles públicos y privados de los sujetos y, en segundo lugar, del predominio en las últimas décadas de una perspectiva multi y transdisciplinaria en los estudios sobre la sociedad y la cultura, han surgido áreas académicas [...] que atraviesan las tradicionalmente llamadas Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades como son los estudios sobre diversidad sexual o los estudios sobre minorías sexuales. Tales estudios están todavía en etapa de formación y expansión, muy influidos por el desarrollo del feminismo y por el peso del mundo académico anglosajón, y han empezado a introducirse en América Latina y a aclimatarse en nuestras sociedades tomando en consideración tanto las características particulares de éstas, generalmente marcadas por conflictos y desigualdades graves, como las distintas perspectivas políticas y teóricas que existen sobre tan polémico tema. Se propone entonces que las minorías sexuales por razones políticas, éticas y pragmáticas deben deslindar sus áreas de estudio dentro del amplio espectro de la diversidad sexual con el fin de obtener voz y visibilidad Abstract in english Abstract During recent years, the study of sexual diversity and sexual minorities has emerged as an academic concern which embraces both the Social Sciences and the Humanities as traditionally defined. This is partly a result of the importance of sexuality in both the public and private roles of sub [...] jects; in part it reflects the growing importance of multi- and trans-disciplinary approaches to the study of culture and society. These studies are still embryonic and are clearly influenced by feminism and by the terms of the debate in the Anglo-Saxon world. Nevertheless, they are beginning to develop in Latin America and to take into account the particular problems and perspectives of the continent. The author argues that, for political, ethical and purely pragmatic reasons, the sexual minorities should delimit their study areas within the wider range of issues covered by a preoccupation for sexual diversity and do so in order to gain voice and visibility
Baker, Judith; Lefkowitz, David M.
Sexual activity in the Meade Heights student community was investigated. It was found that the living facilities had fostered greater permissiveness in sexual behavior, evidenced by more casual sleeping arrangements, more extensive petting and foreplay and more relaxed attitudes. (Author/CG)
Medine Ay?in Ta?ar
Full Text Available Incest, which is the severest form of child sexual abuse is defined as the sexual behaviours between close relatives whose marriage is illegal or describes inappropriate sexual behaviours within a family relation framework. Incestous relation is accepted as a taboo, therefore it is frequently a secret within the family and is a chronic process which is hard to recognize. It is important to recognize and prevent incest because it is more difficult to be revealed compared to other forms of abuse and results in severe and long term consequences in victims. Physical, emotional and social consequences of incest are very severe and last for a lifetime. Prevention of incest is closely linked to prevention of child sexual abuse. Collaboration of different parts of child protection system, namely, healthcare system, social services, law enforcement and legal systems; and a well structured education of the professionels working in the field as well as sensitive media which helps awareness raising about child sexual abuse may be effective means of prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 159-64
Amilton Cesar dos, Santos; Diego Carvalho, Viana; Gleidson Benevides de, Oliveira; Luis Miguel, Lobo; Antônio Chaves, Assis-Neto.
Full Text Available The objective of this review was to describe sexual differentiation events in mammals, relating them to biosynthesis of sexual steroid hormones and their mechanisms of action. Cholesterol is the precursor of sexual steroid hormone biosynthesis via action of several enzymes converting these hormones. [...] Progestagens hormones serve as substrate for the production of androgens, which in turn serve as substrate for estrogen hormones. These hormones are responsible for sexual differentiation and reproductive cycles of mammals. Sexual differentiation process comprises determining the sexual chromosomes XX or XY + SRY and other genes linked to them, differentiation of gonads in testis or ovary, differentiation of internal and external male or female genital organs from undifferentiated anatomical structures present in the embryo, which is dependent on the presence or absence of testes and the production of anti-Müllerian hormone and testosterone; and secondary sexual differentiation, which is the response of various tissues to hormones produced by the gonads, interacting with genes linked to sexual chromosomes to increase or decrease the differences in sexual phenotype. However, some differences between the sexes and some anomalies of sexual differentiation are not explained only by these sexual hormonal effects, but also by the effect of genes encoded in sexual chromosomes.
Luria, Mijal; Byers, E Sandra; Voyer, Susan D; Mock, Moshe
This study examined the motivations for entering the field and sexual attitudes, experiences, and behavior of an international group of sexuality professionals. Participants were 252 individuals attending the XVII World Congress of Sexology who completed a questionnaire in English, Spanish or French. Most participants' reported professional rather than personal motivations for entering the field in addition to interest. On average, participants reported little sexual communication with their parents as children. About one-third had experienced unwanted sexual activity as a child. Participants were mostly accepting of a range of sexual activities, although they were less accepting of some behaviors than of others. Twelve of the participants who had engaged in sexual activity with a casual or anonymous partner in the previous 2 years had not used a condom consistently. Participants reported high sexual satisfaction and good sexual communication with their partner. Nevertheless, 45% of the women and 35% of the men reported regularly experiencing one or more sexual problems. Few participants reported that their profession affected their sexual functioning negatively; in contrast most reported that it had positive effects on their sexual functioning. These results suggest that there are few differences between sexuality professionals and the general public. PMID:23252637
Reporting on sexual violence is a challenge even for seasoned war journalists. How should correspondents, news editors and producers report the impact of sexual violence on individuals and communities without causing further distress or danger?
... on education Have a poor relationship with their parents, particularly their father Rarely attend religious instruction or services Abstinence: A Positive Approach When teaching your child about sexuality, why not accentuate the advantages of delaying sexual ...
Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A
Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128
Brassard, Audrey; Dupuy, Emmanuelle; Bergeron, Sophie; Shaver, Phillip R
We examined the potential role of three mediators--sexual self-esteem, sexual anxiety, and sexual assertiveness--of the association between romantic attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance) and two aspects of women's sexual functioning: sexual function and sexual satisfaction. A sample of 556 women aged 18 to 30 agreed to complete an online series of validated questionnaires assessing attachment insecurities and several aspects of sexual functioning. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety mediated the associations between attachment anxiety and lower sexual function and satisfaction. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety also partially mediated the links between attachment-related avoidance and the two sexual functioning variables. Sexual assertiveness, however, did not mediate these associations. A significant interaction between attachment anxiety and avoidance was also found to predict sexual satisfaction, with women high in avoidance and low in anxiety being the least satisfied. Results are discussed in terms of theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24350570
Beata Pastwa-Wojciechowska; Zbigniew Izdebski
Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportun...
Fegert, Jörg M
The present paper gives an overview on the development of professional discourse on sexual abuse over the last 20 years in the field of child protection. After the introduction, definitions from different professional perspectives (civil law, criminal law, psychotherapy, counseling, etc.) are given. Based on these definitions an epidemiological range of prevalence figures is described. In the literature, rates ranging from 6 to 25 % in girls and 2 to 8 % in boy as victims of sexual abuse can be observed. Psychiatric consequences of sexual abuse are described based on an overview of the literature. Diagnostic approaches to posttraumatic problems are discussed and distinguished from obsolete measures. Some neurobiological findings are presented. Finally the foundations of counseling, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy of behavioral of symptoms and PTSD are discussed on the bases of a literature review of controlled clinical trials. In conclusion, further developments in psychotherapy and research are discussed for the German practical child protection field. PMID:17177097
Randolph, Mary E.; Reddy, Diane M.
Sexual abuse, particularly childhood sexual abuse, has been linked to chronic pelvic pain and to sexual dysfunction, though the sexual functioning of survivors of sexual abuse has not been studied in a chronic pain population. Sixty-three women with chronic pelvic pain completed measures of sexual function, sexual abuse, and pain. Using an index…
The objective causes of sexual impotency include chronic prostatitis arising from bacterial infection (1/3 of patients have sexual disturbances), congestive prostatitis (owing to sexual hyperstimulation treated with temporary blockage of testosterone), and hemorrhoids. Diabetes, advances tuberculosis, neurological and psychological diseases also negatively impact sexual potency as does alcoholism. The increase of dopamine and the decrease of serotonin stimulate, while the reverse of these reduce sexual activity. Endocrine medicines, drugs that affect the central nervous system, antihypertension drugs, anticoagulants, vincristine, cimetidine, and clofibrate generally lower the libido. Methods to be avoided because of a negative effect on sexual life include coitus interruptus. The intolerance of sensitivity to the sperm of the partner also complicates the sexual life of a couple. Sexual disorders without apparent cause include the lack of harmony, attention, and education about sexual matters. Other disorders can be caused by rape (only 25% of rapists are caught and punished), as 50% of female victims have psychological sequelae with a sexual tone; venereophobia; repulsive cutaneous symptoms; emotional taste; fear of inability to complete the sexual act; timidity or excessive shyness with anxiety about intimacy; and lack of emotional attraction to the partner. Eventually, the lack of a satisfactory sexual life has an effect on the integrity of conjugal life, as it is frequently the cause of divorce. PMID:1823415
Full Text Available Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportunity to express feelings of closeness and unity. Material and method. The research was conducted on a representative group of 3,200 Poles aged between 15–49, with the support of a well-known Polish research company – TNS OBOP. Face-to-face and Pencil and Paper (PAPI interviews were carried out. Results. The results focus on two main issues: the age and motives of sexual initiation among teenagers (with a significant percentage starting their sexual activity at the age of 15, and the quality of the sexual lives of adults (average number of sexual partners, sexual infidelity and sexual satisfaction. Conclusion. There is dependence between the type of relationship and the performance or non-performance of sexual activity, as well as the quality of the relationship. Among both adolescents and adults, remaining in a stable relationship (partnership or marriage promotes loyalty. The performance of sexual goals turns out to be an important mechanism regulating the interpersonal aspects of a relationship, influencing their perception and evaluation.
Full Text Available This paper analyzes the criminal offence of the non-consensual distribution of intimate images (what some call “revenge porn”. Focussing on the debate currently underway in Canada, it notes that such an offence would fill a grey area in that country’s criminal law. Arguing, more broadly, that the criminal law has an important expressive function, the paper posits that the offence targets the same general type of wrongdoing—sexual objectification—that undergirds sexual assault. While not all objectification merits criminal sanction, the paper explains why the non-consensual distribution of intimate images does and why a specific offence is legitimate.
Luis Roberto, Benia.
Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo revisar a literatura científica referente às melhores práticas na entrevista de investigação do abuso sexual infantil. Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura sobre as particularidades da memória e das habil [...] idades de comunicação da criança em situação de entrevista investigativa, bem como as diferentes técnicas que permitem aprimorar a qualidade dos relatos infantis e maximizar a quantidade de informações obtidas. Foram pesquisadas as seguintes bases de dados: MedLine, PsychInfo e SciELO, no período de 1995 a 2012, utilizando-se as palavras-chave "sexual abuse", "children", "interview", "investigative" e "forensic". Foram encontradas 196 referências, das quais 34 foram selecionadas para inclusão neste artigo. Foi encontrado grande número de evidências demonstrando a necessidade de procedimentos cuidadosos para avaliar as suspeitas de abuso sexual. Técnicas específicas são descritas, assim como são discutidas as dificuldades frequentemente encontradas pelos entrevistadores. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review to describe the best practice guidelines to evaluate sexual abuse interviews. A narrative literature review was carried out to establish the children's memory and communicative skills during an inve [...] stigative interview, as well as the interview techniques that improve the quality of children's reports and maximize the amount of information elicited. We used the following electronic on-line databases: MedLine, PsychInfo and SciELO, referring to the period 1995-2012. The keywords searched for in the databases were "sexual abuse", "children", "interview", "investigative", "forensic". A total of 196 references were identified and 34 were selected for this paper. We found a large amount of evidence that recommends careful procedures when evaluating child sexual abuse. We describe the specific techniques and discuss the most common difficulties interviewers face during interviews.
Mario, Martínez R; Hugo, Bustos L; Rodrigo, Ayala Y; Lionel, Leroy L; Francisco, Morales C; Alejandra, Watty M; Carlos, Briones L.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independie [...] ntes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109). No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica. Abstract in english Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical p [...] rocedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109). By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy).
Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj
Full Text Available Satisfying sexual experience is an essential part of a healthy and enjoyable life for most people. Antipsychotic drugs are among the various factors that affect optimal sexual functioning. Both conventional and novel antipsychotics are associated with significant sexual side effects. This review has presented various studies comparing different antipsychotic drugs. Dopamine antagonism, increased serum prolactin, serotonergic, adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms are all proposed to be the mechanisms for sexual dysfunction. Drug treatment for this has not given satisfactory long-term results. Knowledge of the receptor pharmacology of an individual antipsychotic will help to determine whether it is more or less likely to cause sexual side effects and its management.
Smith, Glenn; King, Michael
This study aimed to investigate how people manage their sexuality when practicing naturism in the United Kingdom (UK). Thirty-nine self-identified naturists from across the UK were interviewed. Sexuality, when practicing naturism, was found often to be suppressed through the use of rules, geographical isolation and thoughts and behaviour. Some participants found ways of exploring and enjoying their sexuality by keeping feelings hidden and/or seeking out more sympathetic naturist environments. Naturist environments may offer a unique space in which to explore aspects of our sexuality that are currently pathologised, criminalised or commercialised. This has important implications for sexual health policy and promotion. PMID:18926761
Full Text Available Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas.Method. The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO„0” Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disordersResults. In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education. Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms – ‘non-sexual’, such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances.Conclusions. The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.
Graham, C A; Smith, M M
Thirty-two high school and college educators participated in a study designed to operationalize the concept of sexuality comfort. Research questions asked were: "What is the nature of sexuality comfort?" and "Can the concept, of sexuality comfort be defined operationally?" An interview guide developed with input from an expert panel of health/sexuality educators and semanticists facilitated data collection. Data were categorized and tabulated through a systematic process. This coding process, performed by independent coders, yielded 97.2% reliability. Based on the results, an operational definition of sexuality comfort was delineated. Because an operational definition is one which tells what to do to experience the thing defined, the operational definition of sexuality comfort has immediate practical applications to preparation programs for prospective sexuality educators as well as those currently working in the field. PMID:6569283
Full Text Available ... of all possible indicators and to create an environment where youth feel safe discussing their sexuality. I’m Dr. Cindy Haines of HealthDay TV…with the news doctors are reading – health news that matters to you. Related MedlinePlus Health ...
Giraldi, Annamaria; Rellini, Alessandra H
Introduction.? Definitions and terminology for female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) are currently being debated. While some authors have suggested that FSAD is more a subjective response rather than a genital response, others have suggested that desire and arousal disorders should be combined in one entity. Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a new entity which is suggested to be defined as Restless Genital Syndrome. Aims.? The aims of this brief review are to give definitions of the different types of FSAD, describe their aetiology, prevalence and comorbidity with somatic and psychological disorders, as well as to discuss different medical and psychological assessment and treatment modalities. Methods.? The experts of the International Society for Sexual Medicine's Standard Committee convened to provide a survey using relevant databases, journal articles, and own clinical experience. Results.? Female Arousal Disorders have been defined in several ways with focus on the genital or subjective response or a combination of both. The prevalence varies and increases with increasing age, especially at the time of menopause, while distress decreases with age. Arousal disorders are often comorbid with other sexual problems and are of biopsychosocial etiology. In the assessment, a thorough sexological history as well as medical and gynecological history and examination are recommended. Treatment should be based on of the symptoms, clinical findings and, if possibly, on underlying etiology. Conclusion.? Recommendations are given for assessment and treatment of FSAD and PGAD. Giraldi A, Rellini AH, Pfaus J, and Laan E. Female sexual arousal disorders. J Sex Med **;**:**-**.
Full Text Available ... About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Contact Us Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools You Are Here: Home ? Latest Health News ? Sexual Orientation and Bullying URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/videos/news/ ...
Foster, Arthur Lee
A sample of 200 men and women matching the characteristics of the married U.S. population for age, income, education, and race was administered a 101-item questionnaire assessing the full range of their sexual activities with their mates. The test as a whole was found to be statistically sound. (Author)
The Jackson Library at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro offers an annotated, hypertext discussion of resources concerning sexual harassment. The recently updated site includes numerous links to federal government and military materials as well as to important Supreme Court decisions. Websites and documents from educational and institutional sources are also linked to and described. Some documents are in .pdf format.
The use of the Sterile Insect Technique to control and/or eradicate insect pest populations has been extensively applied to medfly. However, patented differences in sexual compatibility between populations or strains from different origins has been a serious concern to a wider use of sterile flies, and in particular sterile males of genetic sexing strains (GSS). In the present experiments, the sexual compatibility and mating performance of flies from 9 countries representing 5 continents and 4 GSS were measured. It is demonstrated that, from a qualitative standpoint, wild medfly populations world-wide have not yet evolved specific sexual behaviors indicative of incipient pre-mating isolation mechanisms under local natural selection. Wild medfly populations are as sexually compatible with GSS as they are with other wild populations. On that basis, the same mass reared strain can now be used worldwide, as long as it fulfills the standard quality control requirements. (author)
Lewis, Judith A.; Black, Jennifer J.
Women of childbearing age have health-care needs related to sexuality. The health-care needs that are most obvious are the need for contraception and the need for the prevention and treatment of vaginal and sexually transmitted infections. Although providers may have questions related to sexual activity, sexual orientation, sexual practices, sexual satisfaction, and intimate partner violence on patient history forms, they often offer little discussion on issues related to sexuality unless the...
The author sets three objectives: to determine the status of sexuality in pedagogical institutions; to examine the means used to control sexuality; and to trace a global interpretation of the links between sexuality and the institution. The development of the asylum saw the appearance of moral treatment which sought to promote certain social values and to repress those behaviours such as sexual activity which opposed the fundamental bourgeois social virtues. These notions were presented in the guise of an ethical standard and a normative scientific current (eg. sexuality is a symptom to be eliminated; it is a cause of insanity.) Now, while no longer attacked in the institution, sexuality is nonetheless perceived as lacking any inherent value and is worthwhile only in terms of its therapeutic utility* The same phenomenon is observable in the school. To illustrate the second point the author analyses the phenomenon of masturbation. The 18th century saw masturbation cited as the cause of insanity and numerous physical disorders. Viewed as a diversion of the child's natural forms, and as bringing into question the substitutive educational system, masturbation was excluded from the school of the period. At present, masturbation is permitted but there is no recognition of the child's free enjoyment. Instead a system of exercises has been developped which permit the child greater body control. This masturbation has become a therapeutic technique to obtain a normative level of pleasure.Touching on the third point, the author states that society regulates sexual life with a complex normative system in order to incorporate it within an identification with sexual institutions and no longer with judicial sanctions. Applying this analysis to the situation of the mentally ill, the author argues that the latter's sexuality is socially normalized by the definition and utilisation of illegal areas where it's actualization is permitted. PMID:17093652
Full Text Available Online child sexual abuse is an increasingly visible problem in society today. The introduction, growth and utilization of information and telecommunication technologies (ICTs have been accompanied by an increase in illegal activities. With respect to cyberspace the Internet is an attractive environment to sex offenders. In addition to giving them greater access to minors, extending their reach from a limited geographical area to victims all around the world, it allows criminals to alter or conceal their identities. Sexual predators, stalkers, child pornographers and child traffickers can use various concealment techniques to make it more difficult for investigators to identify them and find evidence. Others physically hide removable media and incriminating evidence in rented storage space, impeding an investigatorâ€™s job to find the truth. France has given the protection of children from sexual exploitation and abuse a high priority. Traditional laws have been amended to address the challenges of information technology, violence and to bring at the same time the country into line with international conventions on the rights of children. Accordingly this current article will analyze some of the techniques used by offenders to abuse children online, including recent legal and administrative developments in France concerning online children protection.
Sorsoli, Lynn; Kia-Keating, Maryam; Grossman, Frances K.
Disclosure is a prominent variable in child sexual abuse research, but little research has examined male disclosure experiences. Sixteen male survivors of childhood sexual abuse were interviewed regarding experiences of disclosure. Analytic techniques included a grounded theory approach to coding and the use of conceptually clustered matrices.…
Kress, Victoria E.; Adamson, Nicole A.; Yensel, Jennifer
Counselors will regularly counsel children and adolescents with histories of sexual abuse and be challenged with providing supportive and empowering interventions that serve to move the client from victim to survivor status. Therapeutic stories are a creative counseling technique that can be used when counseling child and adolescent sexual abuse…
Hanna, Judith Lynne
This literature review of dance and sexual expression considers dance and religion, dance and sexuality as a source of power, manifestations of sexuality in Western theater art and social dance, plus ritual and non-Western social dance. Expressions of gender, sexual orientation, asexuality, ambiguity, and adult entertainment exotic dance are presented. Prominent concerns in the literature are the awareness, closeting, and denial of sexuality in dance; conflation of sexual expression and promiscuity of gender and sexuality, of nudity and sexuality, and of dancer intention and observer interpretation; and inspiration for infusing sexuality into dance. Numerous disciplines (American studies, anthropology, art history, comparative literature, criminology, cultural studies, communication, dance, drama, English, history, history of consciousness, journalism, law, performance studies, philosophy, planning, retail geography, psychology, social work, sociology, and theater arts) have explored dance and sexual expression, drawing upon the following concepts, which are not mutually exclusive: critical cultural theory, feminism, colonialism, Orientalism, postmodernism, poststructuralism, queer theory, and semiotics. Methods of inquiry include movement analysis, historical investigation, anthropological fieldwork, autoethnography, focus groups, surveys, and self-reflection or autobiographical narrative. Directions for future exploration are addressed. PMID:20358462
Romina Justel, Nadia; Mariana, Bentosela; Alba Elisabeth, Mustaca.
Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se revisarán las investigaciones con animales no humanos que atañen a la relación existente entre comportamiento sexual y ansiedad. Por una parte, los resultados más relevantes indican que el comportamiento sexual posee un efecto de tipo ansiolítico o atenuante del estrés, que [...] se manifiesta tanto en la conducta de los sujetos como a niveles fisiológicos o neuroendocrinos. Por otra parte, hay estudios que hacen referencia a la relación de signo contrario, es decir, cómo el estrés afecta el comportamiento sexual de los animales. Abstract in english The present work reviews the research about the relation between sexual behavior and anxiety in animals. The most relevant results suggest that sexual behavior has an anxiolytic-like effect. This phenomenon is expressed on the subject's behavior, besides the physiological and neuroendocrine levels. [...] Also, the review includes studies about the opposite relation, it means, how the stress affects the animal's sexual behavior.
Pischedda, Alison; Chippindale, Adam K
Evolution based on the benefits of acquiring “good genes” in sexual selection is only plausible with the reliable transmission of genetic quality from one generation to the next. Accumulating evidence suggests that sexually antagonistic (SA) genes with opposite effects on Darwinian fitness when expressed in the two different sexes may be common in animals and plants. These SA genes should weaken the potential indirect genetic benefits of sexual selection by reducing the fitness of opposit...
Santos-Iglesias, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos
Sexual revictimization is frequent among victims of child sexual abuse. Several variables, such as sexual experience, substance abuse, and sexual assertiveness, have been proposed to explain the link between child sexual abuse and adolescent and adult sexual victimization, although they have typically been tested separately. The main objective of…
Phillips, Sidney H
The author reconsiders Freud's "The Sexual Aberrations," the first of his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), in light of contemporary psychoanalytic theory. Are the concepts of sexual aberration and norm still viable? The author argues that they are necessary but insufficient elements in current theory. He then presents a competing model in which sexuality can be reduced to a more elemental level of disturbance and wish, where it is an expression of a nonsexual wish--for example, to possess or control the object to eliminate separateness. The author presents clinical material to demonstrate this alternative model. PMID:24777366
Jorge Luis, Sell Lluveras; Rubén Salvador, Padrón Durán; Caridad Teresita, García Álvarez; Franz, Torres Barbosa.
Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP). Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible rela [...] ción con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI) o no (CNI) de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T) y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs). En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinante Abstract in english The sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction h [...] ormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is impo
Jorge Luis Sell Lluveras
Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP. Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible relación con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI o no (CNI de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs. En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinanteThe sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs. Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is important but not determining
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Freedman, Murray A
Happiness is an attitude, not an event! The glass is either half-full or half-empty; it simply depends on the viewer. Some rich people are miserable...some poor people are ecstatic. You cannot change the world but you can change yourself. You, and you alone, control your destiny. With very little practice, you can learn to think positively. Postmenopausal estrogen deficiency leads to urogenital atrophy. Sexual dysfunction and urinary dysfunction are the most inevitable but least publicized consequences of estrogen deficiency, and these represent important quality-of-life issues that patients and health care providers are often reluctant to discuss. In addition to estrogen deficiency, oophorectomized women may be subject to androgen deficiency and problems with libido. While the relationship with one's partner is the quintessential factor in female sexuality, hormone deficiency remains important, especially in reference to genital atrophy. Humans are the products of learned behavior. We literally become what we think. "I am sick and tired" becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. Self-esteem represents learned behavior just as ego does...but there is a world of difference between the two. Sexuality is enhanced by good self-esteem and hindered by ego: two partners working together can reach far greater heights than either alone ever imagined...one and one can equal three! There are good data to substantiate that happy people have more sex and that people who have more sex are happier. Partners need to learn to honor one another, communicate in a positive manner, develop touching salutations, be a spouse at home, and make their bedroom a sacred sanctuary. With a little behavior modification and hormone therapy, sexuality can remain a priority ad infinitum. PMID:11900270
In this chapter, a theoretical model and a method of intervention, which enable to orientate in the extremely unique field of the applications of sexology to handicap psychology and education, will be briefly explained. Any sexual and affective behaviour can be subject to the interference of disabilities thus resulting, at least partially, non adaptive. The main deficits affect cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective, interpersonal and, occasionally, motory skills.
Short duration or weak expression of oestrus are frequently cited as major reasons for poor results when artificial insemination of Bos indicus breeds is attempted. The existing literature on sexual behaviour certainly indicates that oestrus sometimes lasts for only a few hours in Bos indicus, but similar patterns are also reported in Bos taurus animals. The period of sexual receptivity in suckled Hereford or Hereford-dairy cross-breds maintained in small, totally confined groups ranged from 1 to 18 h, with a mean of 4.4 h and a median of 3.5 h. In totally confined Holstein cows the onset of the LH surge always followed the beginning of homosexual activity by 1 or 2 h even when the period of receptivity was very short. Thus, the beginning rather than the end of oestrus should be used for estimating ovulation time. The expression of sexual behaviour is modified by many factors, including environmental conditions, the number of peri-oestrous females in the group and the presence of observers. In Hereford beef, Holstein dairy and probably all other cattle breeds, the variability in duration and intensity of oestrous activity is very large, so generalizations on a typical individual behavioural pattern are not possible. (author). 39 refs, 1 fig., 2 tabs
Exploring homosexuals' citizenship in Denmark from a justice perspective, this article critically interrogates society's supposed gay-friendliness by asking how far it has moved in achieving sexual justice, and inquiring into the gains and pains of the existing modes of achieving this end. The article develops a normative and analytical framework, encompassing the multiple structural conditions, the virtues of citizens, and the emotional dimension of belonging, which enable or hamper justice. It integrates theories of democratic citizenship, belonging, and social justice, and provides an updated theorization of the social-sexual regime, considering the occurrence of a normalizing logic and its implications for the achievement of justice. The article then analyses the manifold consequences of these circumstances on the citizenship of gays by examining relations of recognition and representation within family law, civil society, and in the labour market. In conclusion, I suggest the possibility of different evaluations of the level of sexual justice reached, a mainly positive, partially negative one. Additionally, I discuss the gains and pains of the existing normalizing politics.
The Sexuality Research Information Service (SRIS), recently launched by The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, centralizes and disseminates current research findings related to four sexual well-being issues: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, High Risk Sexual Behavior, Male Sexual Response, and Reproductive Hormones and Women's Sexuality and Emotional Well-Being. For each of the four topics, SRIS provides researchers, policymakers, and health care professionals with a fully searchable bibliographic database of selected, current research citations. Many of the detailed citations also include abstracts and commentaries written by specialists at The Kinsey Institute. The databases support a complex search mode that allows users to tag citations and export them to a bibliographic management tool such as ProCite or EndNote (requires a free plug-in, RIS, available at the site).
Ay?egül Esra Bekta?
Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this research was to determine the sexual education that Turkish mothers taken and the sexual education that given to their daughters.Material and Methods: The population of this descriptive research was the women admitted to between 24 October 2005-24 March 2006 to Women Diseases-Birth and Child Diseases Hospital for treatment. Volunteer 192 mothers who have at least one daughter over aged 9 were taken the sample of this research.The data were collected via question form that prepared in the direction of the literature and using face to face technique. Question form included 30 questions about socio-demographic characteristics of mothers, the sexual education that mothers taken and that given to their daughters and the time that sexual education given/thought to given to their daughters. The analysis of data were used via descriptive statistically methods and chi-square test.Findings: It was determined that 65.6% of the mothers never talked to their own mothers about sexual subjects. The mothers who stated that they took sexual education 31,3% about the subject menstruation. 57,4% of the mothers thought that their sexual education that taken wasn’t useful. About half of the mothers (47,6% stated that they were informed about menstruation after menarche. It was determined that the mothers felt negative feelings as afraid (39,6% and shame (37% at menarche. They got some information about sexual subjects from their friends mostly except their own mothers (48,4%. 40,1% of the mothers stated that they shared sexual issues with their husbands. 60,8% of the mothers give sexual information to their own daughters. The sexual education subjects that the mothers shared with their daughters; menstruation (70,3%, the differences between the bodies of women and men (49,5%, sexual intercourse (20,8%, pregnancy (18,8% and contraceptive methods (16,7%. Time of sexual education was before menarch; menstruation (68,2%, adolescence time; body differences between male and female (41,5%, after adolescence time; sexual intercourse (42,6%, before marriage; pregnancy (26,5% and contraceptive methods (27,4%. The sexual education given by mothers and the mother age (p=0,000, mother education level (p=0,000, husband education level (p=0,000, living area (p=0,000, number of daughters (p=0,000, taking sexual education from own mothers (p=0,016, the usefulness of the taken sexual education (p=0,000 were compared, statistically significant difference was found.Conclusion: In this research, it was determined that according to the previous generation the ratio of the mothers who give sexual education to their daughters is higher but not enough.
Furniss, T. (Tilmann); Bingley-Miller, L; Bentovim, A.
An account is given of the development of a treatment project for sexually abused children and their families. We review incidence data which indicate that sexual abuse of children is likely to be a far more frequent problem than has been recognised and cause an appreciable degree of psychological damage. Professional responses to this are confused and treatment facilities limited. Sexual abuse is seen as an expression of severe relationship problems in the family and therapeutic provision is...
In this project I investigate the nature and future opportunities of sexual education for male ethnic minorities. Through qualitative interviews and participant observation I will gain information about the current state of sexual education for ethnic minorities providing me with the opportunity to provide suggestions for improvement. One can conclude that general sexual education programs need to be improved, that parents of ethnic minorities need to be involved and that educators must visit...
Shuster, Stephen M.
Sexual selection is among the most powerful of all evolutionary forces. It occurs when individuals within one sex secure mates and produce offspring at the expense of other individuals within the same sex. Darwin was first to recognize the power of sexual selection to change male and female phenotypes, and, in noting that sexual selection is nonubiquitous, Darwin was also first to recognize the importance of mating system—the “special circumstances” in which reproduction occurs within s...
Paulo Cezar Feldner Jr.
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n = 29 or traditional colporrhaphy (n = 27 treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (p<0.001. In the traditional colporrhaphy group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001. Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques.
Kocsis, Richard N; Cooksey, Ray W; Irwin, Harvey J
Psychological profiling represents the investigative technique of analyzing crime behaviors for the identification of probable offender characteristics. Profiling has progressively been incorporated into police procedures despite a surprising lack of empirical research to support its validity. Indeed, in the study of sexual murder for the purpose of profiling, very few quantitative, academically reviewed studies exist. This article reports on the results of a 4-year study into Australian sexual murders for the development of psychological profiling. The study involved 85 cases of sexual murder sampled from all Australian police jurisdictions. The statistical procedure of multidimensional scaling was employed. This analysis produced a five-cluster model of sexual murder behavior. First, a central cluster of behaviors was identified that represents common behaviors to all patterns of sexual murder. Next, four distinct outlying patterns--predator, fury, perversion, and rape--were identified that each demonstrated distinct offense styles. Further analysis of these patterns also identified distinct offender characteristics that allow for the use of empirically robust offender profiles in future sexual murder investigations. PMID:12365142
Sonia Lizbeth Jim\\u00E9nez Gonz\\u00E1lez
Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la influencia de las habilidades de comunicación en la conducta sexual de riesgo de 862 estudiantes de 14 a 20 años de edad (x =17 años de un bachillerato público. Del total de adolescentes encuestados, 373 informaron haber tenido relaciones sexuales. La distribución por sexo fue de 122 mujeres (32.7% y 251 hombres (67.3%; el promedio de edad del debut sexual en los hombres fue de 15 años y en mujeres de 16. La conducta sexual de riesgo se evaluó con base en la frecuencia del uso del preservativo en tres prácticas sexuales (oral, anal y vaginal. Las habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual se evaluaron con diez viñetas situacionales construidas para este estudio. Los resultados mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre hombres y mujeres en las habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual, siendo mayores en las mujeres que en los hombres. Además, se encontró que la falta de habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual influye en la conducta sexual de riesgo tanto de hombres como de mujeres.
It is TVA policy that all TVA employees are responsible for assuring that the workplace is free from sexual harassment. Accordingly, all employees must avoid any action or conduct which could be viewed as sexual harassment including: (a) Unwelcome sexual...
No relationship was found between adjustment and premarital sexual intercourse for either male or female subjects. Low permissiveness scores (Attitude Scales on Sexual Permissiveness and Sexual Behavior Questionnaires) were related to maladjustment in males. (DB)
Singh, B. Krishna; And Others
This paper examines the relationship of some social factors with extramarital sexual permissiveness. Findings indicate that the best variable to explain extramarital sexual permissiveness is premarital sexual permissiveness. (Author)
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent (10–19 years is a transition of age during which hazardous sexual health behaviors may be adopted; increasing vulnerability to several kinds of behavioral disorders like drug use, unsafe sexual act leading to reproductive ill health. Objective of the study was to assess sexual health behaviors of adolescents in Pokhara, Nepal. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 15–19 years adolescents studying in grades 11 and 12. Probability sampling techniques were applied. A structured, pretested, envelope sealed self administered questionnaire was distributed among all (1584 adolescents of the 11 and 12 grades of selected institutions. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (16 versions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. RESULTS: About 19.37% adolescents had sexual contact and male participation was higher than females (P<0.05. Nearly one fifth of unmarried were found to be involved in sexual activities and most of them had first sex between 15-19 years age (median age 15.26 years. Of those who had sex, 6.91% had adopted all the three: vaginal, oral and anal sexes and majority had single followed by 2-5 sex partners in their sexual intercourse in the last one year and last month. About 13.93% adolescents were found to be indulged in group sex. Most of them had sex with regular partners and commercial sex workers. More than eight out of every ten who had sex had used contraceptive methods and condom was method of choice (94.77%. CONCLUSIONS: Premarital sexual involvement was prevalent among adolescents; sex with commercial sex workers and non commercial sex partners was perceived to be risk. Behavior change intervention strategies need to be formulated and implemented to promote adolescent reproductive and sexual health.
Harader, Dana L.; Fullwood, Harry; Hawthorne, Melissa
Adolescents with moderate disabilities are not being given vital information regarding their sexuality and ways to behave responsibly with their peers. This article examines the laws that govern the education of all persons with disabilities, how societal norms and attitudes have contributed to this lack of sexuality knowledge, how these…
Serin, Ralph C.; And Others
Investigates the relationship between psychopathology and deviant sexual arousal in sexual offenders (n=65), with approximately equal numbers of rapists and child molesters. Differentiating between rapists, extrafamilial pedophiles, and incest offenders revealed that the relationship between psychopathology and arousal was most apparent for…
Fortenberry, J. Dennis
This chapter is organized around the question "How do adolescents learn to have healthy sex?" The chapter assumes that sexual learning derives from a broad range of both informal and formal sources that contribute to learning within the context of neurocognitive brain systems that modulate sexual motivations and self-regulation. The…
Azzopardi-Lane, Claire; Callus, Anne-Marie
This paper presented research undertaken in collaboration with a self-advocacy group using inclusive research methods and puts forward the views of people with intellectual disability on the topics of sexuality and relationships. The paper presents the perceptions of sexuality of the people with intellectual disability and how these are influenced…
McNulty, James K; Widman, Laura
There is theoretical reason to believe that narcissism is associated with infidelity. Yet, studies that have examined this association have yielded inconsistent results. Given that these inconsistencies may have emerged because prior studies used global assessments of narcissism that do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, the current research drew from two longitudinal studies of 123 married couples to examine the extent to which sexual narcissism predicted marital infidelity. Consistent with the idea that narcissism predicts sexual behavior when activated in the sexual domain, own sexual narcissism was positively associated with infidelity, controlling for own marital and sexual satisfaction, own globally-assessed narcissism, partner globally-assessed narcissism, and partner sexual narcissism. Helping to explain why this association emerged, further analyses demonstrated that it was driven by all four facets of sexual narcissism-sexual exploitation, grandiose sense of sexual skill, sexual entitlement (Study 1 only), and lack of sexual empathy (husbands only). Additionally, although partner sexual narcissism was unrelated to infidelity on average, partners' grandiose sense of sexual skill and partners' sexual entitlement (Study 2 only) were positively associated with infidelity, and partners' lack of sexual empathy was negatively associated with infidelity (Study 2 only). These findings highlight the benefits of using domain-specific measures of sexual narcissism in research on sexual behavior and the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality more generally. PMID:24696386
Gerrard, M; Gibbons, F X
Two studies are described in which the relations between sexual experience, sex guilt, and sexual moral reasoning were examined. Subjects were asked to articulate their opinions on each of six sexual activities, and then choose one of six statements (corresponding to Kohlberg's six stages of reasoning) that most clearly reflected why they had, or had not, engaged in three of those activities. An analysis of the moral reasoning present in each of the six articulated responses indicated that level of reasoning was inversely related to sex guilt. Analysis of the preference data indicated that subjects endorsed reasoning (statements) at a higher stage than they had articulated, and that this "gap" between articulation and preference was much greater for less experienced subjects. Results are discussed in terms of the utility of using situation-specific moral dilemmas when assessing moral reasoning, and in terms of the possible role that lack of sexual experience plays in inhibiting sexual moral development. PMID:7143187
Santos-Iglesias, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos; Vallejo-Medina, Pablo
This study was conducted to test interpersonal, attitudinal, and sexual predictors of sexual assertiveness in a Spanish sample of 1,619 men and 1,755 women aged 18-87 years. Participants completed measures of sexual assertiveness, solitary and dyadic sexual desire, sexual arousal, erectile function, sexual attitudes, and frequency of partner abuse. In men, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, more positive attitudes toward sexual fantasies and erotophilia, higher dyadic desire, and higher sexual arousal. In women, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, less solitary sexual desire and higher dyadic sexual desire, arousal, erotophilia, and positive attitudes towards sexual fantasies. Results were discussed in the light of prevention and educational programs that include training in sexual assertiveness skills. PMID:22875718
JOSÉ P., ESPADA; ALEXANDRA, MORALES; MIREIA, ORGILÉS.
Full Text Available Na Espanha os jovens debutam sexualmente antes que em outros países; porém pouco se sabe com respeito à relação entre idade de debute sexual e o comportamento sexual nesta população. Analisam-se as práticas sexuais e o uso do preservativo segundo a idade de debute sexual em adolescentes espanhóis se [...] xualmente experimentados (N = 351); a idade média foi 15.9 anos (DT = .75, faixa: 14-18). Estabeleceram-se três grupos a partir da idade de debute sexual informada: debute sexual precoce (anterior aos 15 anos), média (15 anos) e tardio (posterior aos 15 anos). O grupo com debute sexual precoce praticou em maior medida masturbação mútua, coito vaginal e sexo oral, com um número de parceiros sexuais superior ao resto. O uso do preservativo na primeira relação sexual, a porcentagem de uso e o uso consistente do preservativo foi inferior no grupo de debute sexual precoce com respeito aos outros dois. O debute sexual anterior aos 15 anos foi associado com maior risco de contrair infecções sexuais por déficit no uso do preservativo e maior exposição sexual. Os descobrimentos deste estudo sugerem que a idade de debute sexual tem implicações na saúde sexual dos jovens. Abstract in spanish En España los jóvenes debutan sexualmente antes que en otros países; sin embargo, poco se sabe de la relación entre la edad de debut sexual y el comportamiento sexual en esta población. Se analizan las prácticas sexuales y el uso del preservativo según la edad de debut sexual en adolescentes español [...] es sexualmente experimentados (N = 351); la edad media fue 15.9 años (DT = .75, rango: 14-18). Se establecieron tres grupos a partir de la edad de debut sexual informada: debut sexual temprano (anterior a los 15 años), promedio (15 años) y tardío (posterior a los 15 años). El grupo con debut sexual temprano practicó en mayor medida masturbación mutua, coito vaginal y sexo oral, con un número de parejas sexuales superior al resto. El uso del preservativo en la primera relación sexual, el porcentaje de uso y el uso consistente del preservativo fue inferior en el grupo debut sexual temprano respecto a los otros dos. El debut sexual anterior a los 15 años se asoció con mayor riesgo de contraer infecciones sexuales por déficit en el uso del preservativo y mayor exposición sexual. Los hallazgos de este estudio sugieren que la edad de debut sexual tiene implicaciones en la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Abstract in english In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sex [...] ual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351). The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18). Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years), average (15 years) and late (later than 15 years). The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.
Nield, Jennifer; Magnusson, Brianna; Brooks, Christopher; Chapman, Derek; Lapane, Kate L
This study examined characteristics of self-identified heterosexual women who were concordant or discordant in their sexual behavior and the association of discordance and sexual partnering among those aged 15-44 years from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (n = 7,353). Sexual concordance was defined as reporting a heterosexual identity and no female partners in the past year; discordance was reporting a heterosexual identity and having at least one female partner in the past year. Sexual partnering was defined as being concurrent, serially monogamous or monogamous with a male partner in the previous year. Polytomous logistic regression models evaluated the association between sexual discordance and sexual partnering. Among self-identified heterosexual, sexually active women, 11.2 % reported ever having had a same sex partner. Heterosexually discordant women who had both male and female partners in the previous year were 5.5 times as likely to report having a concurrent relationship (95 % CI 2.77-11.09) and 2.4 times as likely to report engaging in serially monogamous relationships (95 % CI 1.19-4.97) with male partners. Discordance between heterosexual identity and same sex behavior is a factor in risky behaviors. Women who have sex with women and men may act as bridges for the transmission of STDs, particularly to their female partners. Sexual education should include information inclusive of non-heteronormative behaviors and identities to provide sexual minorities with the tools and information they need. Clinical guidelines should ensure that all women are offered counseling and screening for reproductive and sexual health. PMID:24718674
Background: Child sexual abuse with significant impact on victim's physical, mental and social health has now been recognized as existing on an appreciable scale worldwide. Diversity of opinions exist about the concept, types, prevalence and repercussions along with a paucity of systematic and scientific work in the developing world including Pakistan. Objective: This paper aims at reviewing the literature for clarification of concept, update of estimates and correlates, and to identify lines for future research. Data sources: The literature was search through BMJ-Medline for international data, supplemented by local data through CPSP-MEDLIP service. The search term child sexual abuse with associated sub-heads were used. No constraint of time period, publication type or source applied except english Language version Comparative findings: Wide variations identified in conceptual boundaries with consequent impact on prevalence estimates. Agreement found for its existence as an international problem with rates ranging from 7% - 36% for women and 3% - 29% for men. Female abused 1.5-3 times more than male with exponential high rates in age group 3-6 years and 8-11 years. In 2/3 cases the perpetrator identified belonged to nuclear or extended family. Significant association exists with early onset of psychiatric ailments like substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, dissociative disorders and depression. Conclusion and Suggestion: The need for extensive resand Suggestion: The need for extensive research studies in immense in developing countries like Pakistan where environmental circumstances suggest its presence at rates higher than the identified elsewhere. In addition to facilitate awareness and perhaps to clarify the concept as well as the prevalence of child sexual abuse researchers need to select methodologies and instruments with international comparison in mind. (author)
Steever, John; Francis, Jenny; Gordon, Lonna P; Lee, Janet
This article provides an overview of the medical and mental health needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth population. Information is reviewed regarding both primary medical care and the special health risks that these youth face. Providers are introduced to the concept that societal and internalized homophobia lead directly to certain health disparities, including substance use, school and family rejection, depression, and increased sexually transmitted infection acquisition. This article familiarizes the primary care practitioner with the health care needs of the LGBT population and the research behind the various recommendations for caring for these youth. PMID:25124211
US Department of Education, 2008
Sexual harassment of students is illegal. A federal law, "Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972" ("Title IX"), prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, including sexual harassment, in education programs and activities. All public and private education institutions that receive any federal funds must comply with "Title IX." "Title IX"…
Heino, J; Ojanlatva, A
The purpose of the article is to discuss reciprocity in sexual interaction within a couple relationship in which heterosexual orientation is assumed and satisfaction considered. Reciprocity is modelled as an exchange of services which at its best functions as an unwritten contract, a mutual understanding regarding fairness of returned services, and a desire to comply with this principle together with a loved one/lover. An equal treatment of and balanced attitudes towards one another are present together with a just distribution of benefits and concessions or compromises. Reciprocity involves a relative term although healthy reciprocity can be defined for discussion and assessed as a degree of mutual satisfaction. Sexual interaction issues, skills to obtain satisfaction, and sexual and emotional compatibility are important elements in reciprocity. Understandable communication is an essential contributor in the implementation of reciprocity. Conflict-making dialogue should generally be avoided and connotive meanings of words taken into account. Erotophilia-erotophobia dimensions influence both the learning about and attitudes towards sexuality and contribute to personal and professional abilities to assess sexual problems and to attend to them. Erotic touch is a minimum requirement of love making. Sexual orientation, sexual desire, and intimacy influence sexual compatibility. Equity and exchange models are discussed, and a reciprocity model is proposed. PMID:11040716
Cristina Mair Barros Rauter
Full Text Available An analysis of contemporary sexuality and subjectivity production, from a point of view that links sexuality to collectiveness and to the political processes that obstacle its expression. This perspective has psychopathological and political consequences, affecting also the capacity of producing social change in contemporary society
Baker, Nancy V.
More than thirty years ago, an administrative assistant at Cornell University first challenged her university's indifference to her boss's sexually predatory behavior. While she did not prevail, her case sparked a movement. Litigation, news stories, and government guidelines defining sexual harassment followed. And universities responded: policies…
Etchison, Marilyn G.
This study investigated the sexual attitudes of college students at a western Kansas university. The independent variables employed were gender, family structure, family sex communication, age, and classification. The dependent variables were the following subscales of sexual attitudes: permissiveness, sex practices, communion, and…
Hendrick, Clyde; Hendrick, Susan S; Reich, Darcy A
The measurement of sexual attitudes is important, and ease of scale usability is one key aspect of measurement. This paper details three studies conducted to develop a briefer and thus more efficient version of the multidimensional Sexual Attitudes Scale (43 items). The first two studies (I and II) employed existing data sets to develop a 23-item version of the Sexual Attitudes Scale, using exploratory factor analysis in Study I and confirmatory factor analysis in Study II. The same four subscales of Permissiveness, Birth Control (formerly called Sexual Practices), Communion, and Instrumentality were retained in the 23-item measure, called the Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale. Study III was a prospective data collection using only the 23 items composing the Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale. The four subscales were hypothesized to correlate with a number of relationship measures in predictable ways. Results indicated that the Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale is a reliable and valid measure of the four sexual attitudes, and has strong psychometric properties. It should be effective and efficient for both research and clinical uses. PMID:16817070
In spite of the fact that we are all bombarded with sexual messages every day, the subject of relationship and sexuality education for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities continues to be a taboo one. Generally speaking, the author has found it is not the parents of those young people who are reluctant to have the discussion,…
Full Text Available Minimal standards for treatment of adult sexual offenders were adopted by the membership of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders (IATSO at its first membership General Assembly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in May 2000 (Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Eher, et al., 2000; 2003. These standards, initially developed in 1990 with input from attendees at the Second International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (Coleman & Dwyer, 1990; Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Hindman, et al. 1996, were refined by a committee of professionals at the Fifth International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment (Coleman et al., 2000.With these standards in place, the Governing Board of IATSO designated a committee in summer 2004 to develop similar standards for treatment of Juvenile Sexual Offenders. This committee consisted of representatives from a number of countries with differing traditions of sexual offender treatment and juvenile justice, including Austria, Germany, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Developing standards of care for juvenile populations can be a challenging endeavor. Adolescence is a time of rapid change, and thus, there is great heterogeneity in those youths who commit acts that can be defined as sexual offenses. These differences are influenced by the developmental stage of the youth, which may roughly parallel age, and multiple environmental factors. Additionally, studies conducted outside North America find higher base rates of re-offense than those within North America (e.g. Nisbet, Wilson, & Smallbone, 2004; Langstrom & Grann, 2000. This is likely the case because definitions of who is a juvenile offender, what behaviors are sexual crimes, and how the juvenile justice system is organized can differ substantially across countries. These Standards of Care, which were adopted by the membership at the General Assembly of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders in Hamburg, Germany, September 7, 2006, are designed to be minimal guidelines for those developing and implementing treatment interventions for Juvenile Sexual Offenders. These Standards are based on the current state of knowledge on adolescents who commit sexual offences. Most of the available data are from adolescent males and the state of science in this field is still evolving. Thus, the Committee avoided making specific recommendations about particular procedures, techniques, or instrumentation.
Sidney Roberto, Nadal; Carmen Ruth, Manzione.
Full Text Available As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é post [...] ergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common et [...] iologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.
Sidney Roberto Nadal
Full Text Available Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common etiologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é postergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento.
Senn, Theresa E.; Carey, Michael P.; Vanable, Peter A.; Coury-Doniger, Patricia; Urban, Marguerite A.
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a wide range of negative outcomes. The authors investigated the relation between CSA and sexual risk behavior in 827 patients recruited from a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Overall, CSA was reported by 53% of women and 49% of men and was associated with greater sexual risk behavior,…
Frances, Allen; Wollert, Richard
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), Task Force has recently rejected the proposal to include coercive paraphilia as an official diagnosis, reaffirming that rape is a crime and not a mental disorder. We hope this will discourage what has been the inappropriate practice of giving rapists the made-up diagnosis of paraphilia, NOS, nonconsent, to facilitate their psychiatric commitment under sexually violent predator (SVP) statutes. Losing the paraphilia, NOS, option has tempted some SVP evaluators to overdiagnose sexual sadism, which is an official DSM mental disorder. To prevent this improper application and to clarify those rare instances in which this diagnosis might apply, we present a brief review of the research on sexual sadism; an annotation of its definitions that have been included in the DSM since the Third Edition, published in 1980, and in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10); and a two-step process for making a diagnostic decision. Rape and sexual sadism have in common violence, cruelty, and a callous indifference on the part of the perpetrator to the suffering of the victim, but they differ markedly in motivation. Rapists use violence to enforce the victim's cooperation, to express aggression, or both. In contrast, in sexual sadism, the violence, domination, and infliction of pain and humiliation are a preferred or necessary precondition for sexual arousal. Only a small proportion of rapists qualify for the diagnosis of sexual sadism. PMID:22960924
Posmontier, Bobbie; Dovydaitis, Tiffany; Lipman, Kenneth
Sexual violence, which affects one in three women worldwide, can result in significant psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) offers health care providers the option of a brief psychiatric intervention that can result in psychiatric healing in as few as four sessions. Because health care providers often hear stories of sexual violence from their patients, they are in an ideal position to make recommendations for treatment. The purpose of this article is to introduce health care providers to the technique of EMDR, review safety and appropriateness, and discuss clinical and research implications. PMID:20623397
Yarber, William L.; Anno, Tim
A human sexuality course was offered to students at the university level. It was hypothesized that the course would result in decreased levels of sex guilt and would increase permissiveness toward premarital sexual intimacy. Findings suggest a decreased level of sex guilt for males and an increase in females' attitudes of permissiveness. (JN)
Burton, David L.; Duty, Kerry Jo; Leibowitz, George S.
This study compares sexually victimized and nonsexually victimized male adolescent sexual abusers on a number of variables. Self-report measures were administered to 325 male sexually abusive youth (average age 16) in six residential facilities in the Midwest, 55% of whom reported sexual victimization. The results indicate that the sexually…
Garcia Luis I
Full Text Available Abstract Background The prostate is a key gland in the sexual physiology of male mammals. Its sensitivity to steroid hormones is widely known, but its response to prolactin is still poorly known. Previous studies have shown a correlation between sexual behaviour, prolactin release and prostate physiology. Thus, here we used the sexual behaviour of male rats as a model for studying this correlation. Hence, we developed experimental paradigms to determine the influence of prolactin on sexual behaviour and prostate organization of male rats. Methods In addition to sexual behaviour recordings, we developed the ELISA procedure to quantify the serum level of prolactin, and the hematoxilin-eosin technique for analysis of the histological organization of the prostate. Also, different experimental manipulations were carried out; they included pituitary grafts, and haloperidol and ovine prolactin treatments. Data were analyzed with a One way ANOVA followed by post hoc Dunnet test if required. Results Data showed that male prolactin has a basal level with two peaks at the light-dark-light transitions. Consecutive ejaculations increased serum prolactin after the first ejaculation, which reached the highest level after the second, and started to decrease after the third ejaculation. These normal levels of prolactin did not induce any change at the prostate tissue. However, treatments for constant elevations of serum prolactin decreased sexual potency and increased the weight of the gland, the alveoli area and the epithelial cell height. Treatments for transient elevation of serum prolactin did not affect the sexual behaviour of males, but triggered these significant effects mainly at the ventral prostate. Conclusion The prostate is a sexual gland that responds to prolactin. Mating-induced prolactin release is required during sexual encounters to activate the epithelial cells in the gland. Here we saw a precise mechanism controlling the release of prolactin during ejaculations that avoid the detrimental effects produced by constant levels. However, we showed that minor elevations of prolactin which do not affect the sexual behaviour of males, produced significant changes at the prostate epithelium that could account for triggering the development of hyperplasia or cancer. Thus, it is suggested that minute elevations of serum prolactin in healthy subjects are at the etiology of prostate abnormal growth.
Rodrigues Fernandez, Márcia; Gir, Elucir; Hayashida, Miyeko
Descriptive study aimed at identifying the aspects that women, cared for at a Service of Gynecology and Obstetrics, consider positive and negative in exercising their sexuality in the climacteric phase. Data was collected through individual interviews, using the technique of critical incidents. The 45 women that were interviewed mentioned 86 situations, of which 41 (47.7 percent) were considered positive and 45 (52.3 percent) negative. The situations were classified in three categories: relationship with a partner, intercourse and the woman as a social being. The results showed that these women gave priority to the quality of the relationship and to the demonstration of emotion in a romantic context. They highlighted their dissatisfaction with their self-image and with the existence of sexual dominance of the men over women. The study made possible a wider understanding regarding the climacteric period, thus offering subsidies for an assistance to women's health that contemplates the sexual dimension. PMID:16060299
Kourany, R F; Hill, R Y; Hollender, M H
In 1899 the age of sexual consent in some American jurisdictions was 9 years. It has ranged from 7 to 21 years and at present the range is from 11 to 18 years. The age selected seems to be an arbitrary matter, the product of legislative compromise. The age of sexual consent should not be so early that little protection is provided for a child. Conversely, it should not be so late that a man can be held for statutory rape when the "victim" is fully capable of informed consent and readily acquiesced to a proposal or even invited a sexual relationship. PMID:3730628
Cullen, Francis T.
In early 2001, the Department of Justice released the report "Sexual Victimization of College Women," which offers "a comprehensive look into the prevalence and nature of sexual assault occurring at American colleges." The report provides data on the frequency, types, related injuries, and victim perceptions of sexual assault on campus. It finds that "about three percent of college women experience a completed and/or attempted rape during a typical college year" and that about thirteen percent of college women had been stalked since the beginning of the school year. The report can be downloaded in .pdf format or ASCII, and an online press release presents key findings.
Álvaro Roberto Vallejo Samudio
Full Text Available Treatments and attentionSexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of sexual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence.
Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Sekoranja, L; Pechère-Bertschi, A
All along the history, many kinds of magic and aphrodisiac properties were attributed to the chocolate. Because of the presence of certain active substances, cacao and chocolate are supposed to have some potentially beneficial effects on human health, particularly on cardiovascular system. Containing flavoniods, cacao and its products have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-thrombotic, antihypertensive and neuroprotective effects, as well as influence on insulin sensitivity, vascular endothelial function, and activation of nitric oxide. Other molecules, like methyxantin, biogenic amines and cannabinoid-like fatty acids, may have a psychoactive action. Synergic effect of all these substances could have a positive direct and indirect influence on sexual health and function. Nevertheless, randomized studies are needed to confirm these hypotheses and to elaborate recommendations about cacao consumption. PMID:23547364
Li, Li; Ding, Ying Ying; Wu, Zunyou; Rotheram-borus, Mary Jane; Guo, Sam
We examined normative beliefs about multiple sexual partners and social status in China and their association with risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Self-reported and biological markers of sexual risk were examined among 3,716 market vendors from a city in eastern China. Men who were older or with less education believed having multiple sexual partners was linked to higher social status. Adjusting for demographic characteristics, normative beliefs were signifi...
Conclusion: High prevalence of sexual dysfunction in OCD women and significant correlation between male sexual dysfunction and OCD (r= -481.0 between total score of OCI-R with erectile dysfunction and r= -458.0 between total score of OCI-R and sexual satisfaction could confirm a relation between OCD and sexual disorders. So, evaluation of sexual function in all patients with OCD is recommended.
Safieh Jamali; Leili Mosalanejad
Background: Sexuality is an important part of women’s health, quality of life, and general well-being. There are many factors influencing the female sexual function, including psychological, physiological, couple relationship, and socio-cultural factors. Pregnancy plays an important role in the sexual function and behavior of women. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the sexual function and determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among women during pregnancy. Materials and Method...
Sudhir KUMAR; Agarwal, A K; Trivedi, J K
Relationship of neurosis and sexual-behaviour has been a controversial issue to-date. This study was designed to explore (a) whether sexual dysfunctions are responsible for development of neurosis, (b) does neurosis affect sexual-behaviour. In the present study sexual-behaviour of 53 married female neurotics and 32 matched healthy controls was studied. Health subjects were screened by Corncell Medical Index. A sexual-behaviour questionnaire was administered to all subjects. Experimental subje...
Sudhir KUMAR; Agarwal, A K; Trivedi, J K
Relationship of neurosis and sexual behaviour has been a matter of dispute till date. In the present study sexual behaviour of 40 married neurotics and 22 matched healthy control males was studied. Sexual behaviour of neurotics was similar to control subjects before the commencement of neurotic illness. But after the onset of the neurotic illness subjects showed significant decrease in frequency of coitus, sexual satisfaction and sexual adequacy in comparison to their pre illness behaviour as...
Many people believe that sexual orientation (homosexuality vs. heterosexuality) is determined by education and social constraints. There are, however, a large number of studies indicating that prenatal factors have an important influence on this critical feature of human sexuality. Sexual orientation is a sexually differentiated trait (over 90% of men are attracted to women and vice versa). In animals and men, many sexually differentiated characteristics are organized during early life by sex...
Hoekstra Rolf F
Full Text Available Abstract Background The clear dominance of two-gender sex in recent species is a notorious puzzle of evolutionary theory. It has at least two layers: besides the most fundamental and challenging question why sex exists at all, the other part of the problem is equally perplexing but much less studied. Why do most sexual organisms use a binary mating system? Even if sex confers an evolutionary advantage (through whatever genetic mechanism, why does it manifest that advantage in two, and exactly two, genders (or mating types? Why not just one, and why not more than two? Results Assuming that sex carries an inherent fitness advantage over pure clonal multiplication, we attempt to give a feasible solution to the problem of the evolution of dimorphic sexual asymmetry as opposed to monomorphic symmetry by using a spatial (cellular automaton model and its non-spatial (mean-field approximation. Based on a comparison of the spatial model to the mean-field approximation we suggest that spatial population structure must have played a significant role in the evolution of mating types, due to the largely clonal (self-aggregated spatial distribution of gamete types, which is plausible in aquatic habitats for physical reasons, and appears to facilitate the evolution of a binary mating system. Conclusions Under broad ecological and genetic conditions the cellular automaton predicts selective removal from the population of supposedly primitive gametes that are able to mate with their own type, whereas the non-spatial model admits coexistence of the primitive type and the mating types. Thus we offer a basically ecological solution to a theoretical problem that earlier models based on random gamete encounters had failed to resolve.
In the late 1980´s, teenage abortions and genital chlamydial infections were increasing adolescent health problems in Sweden, indicating unsafe sex practices among young people. The emergence of HIV highlighted the need for research on adolescent sexual health issues. The cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey SAM 73-90 was conducted in 1990 among 1,943 high school students and 210 school drop-outs born in 1973, response rate 92% and 44%, respectively. Consensual sexual...
McNulty, James K.; Widman, Laura
There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism a...
Annia Duany Navarro
Full Text Available Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción.Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and sexual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.
Andrea Lopes Gallinaro
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI, funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual e grupo B (sem atividade sexual. RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01, pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007 e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03. Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis.OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use of pictures of seven sexual positions, disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI, and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI. After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity and group B (no sexual activity. RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01, and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007 and BASDAI (P = 0.03 scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.
Andrea Lopes, Gallinaro; Lilian Lie, Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba, Otuzi; Percival Degrava, Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto, Gonçalves.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BAS [...] DAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use [...] of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.
Xin Tao; Jun Chen; Bin Zhang; Erhong Zhang; Tao Qi; Mingzhu Cao
Aims: To investigate how the Chinese make love. Methods: From Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2009, a survey was carried out of 600 adults (300 male and 300 female adults) in Tianhe community (Guangzhou, China). Information included masturbation, sexual foreplay, oral sex, intercourse, coordination with sexual partner, self-evaluation of one’s sexual function. Results: 255 females and 229 males fulfilled the questionnaires. 48.8% females and 68.7% males admitted of masturbation experiences. 59.9% women rep...
... sexual education for the individual or couple. The therapist may assign activities to be done at home. These include communication exercises, stress reduction activities, and practicing ways of improving skills ...
This podcast discusses the impact and prevalence of sexual violence and the importance of prevention. Created: 4/2/2012 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Date Released: 4/2/2012.
... sexual orientation involves a complex mix of biology, psychology, and environmental factors . Scientists also believe a person's ... about being attracted to someone of the same gender. But not everyone has the same good support ...
... sexual orientation involves a complex mix of biology, psychology, and environmental factors . Scientists also believe a person's ... about being attracted to someone of the same gender. But not everyone has the same good support ...
... with Hepatitis » Sex and Sexuality: Entire Lesson Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For Veterans and ... hepatitis C virus through sex. Can you pass hepatitis C to a sex partner? Yes, but it ...
Nobre, Pedro; Pinto-gouveia, Jose?
Abstract The present study investigated the differences in emotional response to automatic thoughts presented during sexual activity between sexually functional and dysfunctional men and women. A total of 376 participants (160 women and 120 men without sexual problems and 47 women and 49 men with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of sexual dysfunction) completed the Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ male and female versions; P. J. Nobre & J. Pinto-Gouveia, 2000) and measures of sexual functioning: The Int...
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may be transmitted during sexual assault. In children, the isolation of a sexually transmitted organism may be the first indication that abuse has occurred. Although the presence of a sexually transmissible agent from a child beyond the neonatal period is suggestive of sexual abuse, exceptions do exist. In this review I discuss the issues of the transmissibility and diagnosis of STDs in the context of child sexual abuse. Rectal or genital infection w...
Barska, Julia; Savchuk, Valentyna
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) create a great hazard to public health. STIs occur mostly as a result of different types of risky sexual behavior, such as early sexual debut, unprotected sexual intercourses, alcohol use during sex, multiple partnership etc. Condoms are known to provide the best protection against negative consequences of risky sexual behavior. In this study we aimed to determine factors associated with condom use at first sexual intercourses by women in Ukra...
The Catholic Church and the Christian faith in general have been accused of a history of sexual repression and denunciation of the dangers of all expressions of sexuality as well as of neglecting sex education within religious education. This work seeks to analyze the apparent conflict between Christian ethics and the experience of modern sexuality, and discusses the response of Christian ethics to the conflict. Beginning at the Renaissance and for the entire modern epoch, a moral system that might be called secularized has confronted that of the Church; it has been more liberal, utilitarian, and hedonistic in sexual matters. In the course of becoming more permissive, human sexuality like so many other aspects of modern culture has lost most of its sacred character. The sexual sphere in modern cultural and moral development is 1 of the aspects in which morals and customs are most distanced from religious influence. Despite the great sexual permissiveness of the mass media and the culture at large, adolescents and youth of today do not appear to have advanced any closer to a general state of happiness. Sexuality today--despite whatever sex education is available--is still enveloped in the same ignorance, feat, complexes, and conflicts as ever. The youth of today should have access to better sex education, they should be liberated from both religious taboos that impede health sexual adjustment and from the sexual permissiveness celebrated in much of the mass media. Teachers and moralists should engage in a dialogue in which the problem of sex education is examined in its complexity in order to identify elements of an improved process that would lead to a true humanization. An ethics that goes beyond the permissiveness of the present is needed, but it should not be based on fear of AIDS, fear of pregnancy, or any other fears or threats. A positive secular ethics moved by natural motivations and a Christian ethics motivated by faith in the love of God should appear more frequently and clearly in social commentaries, instead of the usual advice to shed all inhibitions. Human sexuality should be examined in the context of the other elements of the interior life, including affectivity, liberty, and religiosity. PMID:12343308
Juan Carlos, Sierra; Felipe, Perla; Pablo, Santos-Iglesias.
Full Text Available La culpabilidad sexual es un factor determinante de la conducta sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la culpabilidad sexual en una muestra de 594 jóvenes salvadoreños con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, seleccionados mediante un procedimiento no aleatorio, con el propósito d [...] e determinar la influencia que sobre la misma tienen una serie de variables sociodemográficas y de actitudes hacia la sexualidad. Los participantes contestaron el Inventario de Culpabilidad Sexual Revisado de Mosher, la Escala de Opinión Sexual, la Escala Hurlbert de Fantasías Sexuales y el Inventario de Actitudes Negativas hacia la Masturbación. Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron que la culpabilidad sexual está determinada, entre otros factores, por las actitudes hacia las fantasías sexuales, la erotofilia, las actitudes negativas hacia la masturbación y por la experiencia sexual en este orden, siendo más importantes las variables actitudinales que las sociodemográficas. Los resultados de estudios como éste sirven para analizar el papel de la culpabilidad sexual en la sexualidad humana y desarrollar futuros programas de educación sexual para adolescentes. Abstract in english Sex guilt is a determinant of sexual behavior. The goal of the present study was to analyze sex guilt in a Salvadorian sample of 594 young with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years, selected through a non-random process, in order to assess the influence of socio-demographic and sexual attitudinal variab [...] les on it. Participants filled in the Revised Mosher Guilt Inventory, the Sexual Opinion Survey, the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy, and the Negative Attitudes toward Masturbation Inventory. Results of multiple regression analysis suggested that sex guilt is determined, among other things, by attitudes towards sexual fantasy, erotophilia, negative attitudes toward masturbation, and sexual experience, in this order, being the attitudinal variables more important than the socio-demographic variables. Results of studies like this are useful to analyze the role of sex guilt in human sexuality and to develop sexual education programs for adolescents.
Viviane de Almeida Côbo; Cibele Alves Chapadeiro; João Batista Ribeiro; Helio de Moraes-Souza; Paulo Roberto Juliano Martins
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in ...
Hobbs, C J; Wynne, J M
A total of 130 children were identified in whom both evidence of sexual abuse and non-accidental, non-genital physical injuries (bruises, fractures, scratches, burns and scalds, including failure to thrive) were found. There were 77 girls and 53 boys with mean ages 5.7 and 6.8 years respectively and the peak age between the second and seventh birthdays; this reflects previous reports indicating that physical and sexual abuse predominantly involves young children. Patterns of injury that sugge...
Randolph, Mary E.; Pinkerton, Steven D; Bogart, Laura M; Cecil, Heather; Abramson, Paul R.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether sexually-experienced individuals’ pleasure ratings for protected and unprotected vaginal intercourse would be related to actual condom use. College participants (80 women and 35 men, M age = 22.29 years) who reported engaging in vaginal intercourse in the past 3 months completed a questionnaire that assessed their perceptions of the pleasurability of unprotected and condom-protected vaginal intercourse and their own sexual behaviors. B...
Kuru, O?; Bewyer, D.; Kutlu, Y.
Sexual dysfunction in the patient with chronic low back pain is a frequently misunders¬tood and neglected aspect of this disease classification. Clinical experience and a review of the literature defines three causative factors: primary organic pathology interrupting nor¬mal nervous system function; side effects of medication prescribed for the condition, and psychological factors relating to anxiety over performance and fear of pain during sexual activity. The purpose of this article is to...
Longmore, Monica A.; Eng, Abbey L.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Manning, Wendy D.
This study draws on social control and social learning theories to examine the role of dating-specific attitudes and practices as predictors of adolescents’ sexual initiation. We include attention to the adolescent’s reaction to control attempts as a further means of assessing family dynamics (i.e., frequency of dating disagreements). The study uses longitudinal data from 697 adolescents who were not sexually active at the first interview as well as separate interviews with parents. In mo...
Kim, Sae Woong
Prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are common prostatic diseases. Furthermore, the incidence of prostate cancer has recently shown a rapid increase, even in Korea. Pain caused by prostatitis may induce sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory disturbance. And BPH itself, or treatments for BPH, may affect sexual function. In addition, with increased detection of localized prostate cancer, surgical treatments and radiation therapy have also increased, a...
Madorsky, Julie G. Botvin; Dixon, Thomas P.
The PLISSIT model is a comprehensive program that combines educational strategies with behavioral intervention to integrate human sexuality into the initial rehabilitation of spinal cord-injured persons. Sexuality is treated as a health care issue as important as bowel and bladder care, skin care, psychosocial issues, mobility, self-care and vocational concerns. Patients admitted to the Spinal Cord Injury Program are surrounded by a supportive milieu and an interdisciplinary staff who comfort...
Data were gathered from students enrolled in sociology of sexuality classes at an English language College Enseignant General et Professional (CEGEP) in Montreal, Canada in 1981, 1983, 1985 and 1988. The purpose was to ascertain whether young Canadian adults were adjusting their sexual behavior in the direction advocated by the 3 safer sex guidelines promoted in the Canadian AIDS prevention campaigns of 1985 and 1989. The guidelines included 1) abstaining from vaginal and anal intercourse, 2) engaging in a mutually monogamous relationship where the sexual and drug history of the partner is known and there is no potential exposure to HIV, or 3) alternatively guideline to 2, using condoms. Another goal was to establish a data base of cross sections of young adults who were highly motivated to obtain information about sexuality. Reports of samples from 1981 and 885 are those of sexual conduct prior to educational campaigns. By 1988, the students were aware of HIV transmission and prevention. The response rate was 94% for the self-administered questionnaire. The survey included 564 respondents in 1981, 241 in 1983, 234 in 1985, and 259 in 1988. Comparisons were made to the general population at CEGEP. There were no gender, age, or linguistic differences among the population surveyed. The underlying assumption was that people have sufficient knowledge to act in a manner to reduce transmission of HIV. Knowledge of HIV in 1988 was based on 10 questions adapted from the work of Joseph, and DiClemente, Zorn, and Temoshok. 4 independent variables were included in the analysis: year of survey, gender, standards of permission for coitus, and current relationship. Dependent variables were based on 7 dichotomized indicators of compliance with the safer sex guidelines on abstention, mutual monogamy, or condom use. Based on logic analysis an log linear technique, the most parsimonious model was developed and the changes in the relationship between the dependent and independent variables were examined. The results confirm and expand upon earlier findings. Knowledge about AIDS is accurate but does not lead to effective risk reduction. There was no significant change in the safe sex guidelines in 1988. Young adults were found to be not protecting themselves from sexual transmission of HIV in the following ways. 1) There is only temporary abstention from coitus. 2) There is no decrease in multiple partner sex. 3) There is no decrease in nonrelationship coitus. 4) There is no evidence of a shift away from permissiveness prior to marriage or permissiveness whether there is affection or not. The only evidence of safer sex is an increase in the likelihood that condoms have been used at some time. PMID:12156357
Tinashe M Dune
Full Text Available This study explored how people with cerebral palsy (CP negotiated and perceived their sexual interactions with others. In doing so, this research discusses participant conceptualizations of sexuality with CP. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with two women and five men with moderate to severe cerebral palsy from Canada and Australia. The interview discourse focused on how, if at all, interactional constructions of sexuality influenced the way in which participants expressed and negotiated their sexuality. Interview data were thematically analyzed using NVivo and manual line-by-line analysis. Negotiated sexuality with partners, and communication styles influenced understandings of sexuality with CP. Partner validation was important to participant understanding sexuality as was the style and quality of communication about sexuality between sexual partners. Sexuality was meaningful with a sense of closeness, experiences of affection and reciprocity. Personal sexual agency enabled negotiation of preferred sexuality as did perceived levels of socio-sexual compatibility. The findings confirm that sexuality is socially negotiated. For people with CP personal agency yields more satisfying socio-sexual outcomes. In this regard, the ability to make (and exercise choice when negotiating interactional sexual experiences reinforces conceptualizations of oneself as a sexual being and sexual equal.
Côbo, Viviane de Almeida; Chapadeiro, Cibele Alves; Ribeiro, João Batista; Moraes-Souza, Helio; Martins, Paulo Roberto Juliano
Background Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. Methods Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. Results This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. Conclusion The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life. PMID:23741184
Viviane de Almeida, Côbo; Cibele Alves, Chapadeiro; João Batista, Ribeiro; Helio, Moraes-Souza; Paulo Roberto Juliano, Martins.
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and f [...] emale sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.
De Block, Andreas; Adriaens, Pieter R
This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal behavior. This struggle is apparent in the works of 19th- and early-20th-century psychiatrists and sexologists, but it is also present in the more recent psychiatric textbooks and diagnostic manuals, such as the consecutive editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). While much of the historical literature revolves around the controversy over homosexuality, this article also reviews the recent medicohistorical and sociohistorical work on other forms of sexual deviance, including the diagnostic categories listed in the latest edition, the DSM-IV-TR: exhibitionism, voyeurism, fetishism, frotteurism, pedophilia, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, and transvestic fetishism. PMID:23480073
Viviane de Almeida Côbo
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S which, when homozygous (Hb SS is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.
Schober, Justine M; Pfaff, Donald
Our understanding of the process and initiation of sexual arousal is being enhanced by both animal and human studies, inclusive of basic science principles and research on clinical outcomes. Sexual arousal is dependent on neural (sensory and cognitive) factors, hormonal factors, genetic factors and, in the human case, the complex influences of culture and context. Sexual arousal activates the cognitive and physiologic processes that can eventually lead to sexual behavior. Sexual arousal comprises a particular subset of central nervous system arousal functions which depend on primitive, fundamental arousal mechanisms that cause generalized brain activity, but are manifest in a sociosexual context. The neurophysiology of sexual arousal is seen as a bidirectional system universal to all vertebrates. The following review includes known neural and genomic mechanisms of a hormone-dependent circuit for simple sex behavior. New information about hormone effects on causal steps related to sex hormones' nuclear receptor isoforms expressed by hypothalamic neurons continues to enrich our understanding of this neurophysiology. PMID:17875491
Gaspari, V; D'Antuono, A; Bellavista, S; Trimarco, R; Patrizi, A
Prostitution involves the exchange of sexual services for economic compensation. As sexual behaviour is an important determinant in transmitting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), sex workers (SWs), transgenders and clients are often labeled as a "high risk group" in the context of HIV and STDs. It has been documented that female sex workers in particular have an increased prevalence of untreated STDs and have been hypothesized to affect the health and HIV incidence of the general population. People involved in prostitution are a cause for concern from both public health and economic perspectives. However, little is known about why they remain in this type of activity given the risks prostitution presents, and even less is known about how to intervene and interrupt the complex cycle of prostitution. The aim of this paper is to provide a clinical and epidemiological analysis of the relationship between prostitution, sexual behavior and outbreaks of STDs; to assess the role that migrants, transgenders and clients of SWs have in prostitution and in the outbreaks of STDs. In addition, we also want to highlight how new sexual networks, like the Internet, have become an increasingly important vehicle to sharing information about prostitution, sexual behavior and STDs. Finally we present what may be the prevention strategies and the goals in order to stem the spread of STDs among these hard-to-access groups. PMID:23007210
Annia, Duany Navarro; Gloria, Hernández Marín.
Full Text Available Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la r [...] elación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción. Abstract in english Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and se [...] xual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.
Eulalia, García Gutiérrez; Laura, Aldana Vilas; Gilda, Lima Mompó; Ma. del Rosario, Espinosa Riverón; Caridad, Castillo Castillo; Vladimir, Felinciano Álvarez.
Full Text Available La sexualidad constituye una construcción psicológica de la personalidad como resultado de la interacción de factores orgánicos, características congénitas, circunstancias ambientales y fenómenos sociales en los cuales el individuo se desenvuelve, por lo que hay que abordarla con un enfoque multidis [...] ciplinario, sistémico y holístico. Se realizó este trabajo en el Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" donde funciona una consulta multidisciplinaria que atiende todo paciente que considere presentar algún tipo de disfunción sexual. El Departamento de Investigaciones Especiales recibe de dicha consulta estos pacientes para realizarles estudios psicofisiológicos y fisiológicos. De los casos estudiados se seleccionaron 60 sujetos con disfunción sexual predominantemente psicógeno con el objetivo de determinar indicadores de estrés, que pudieran estar relacionados con la disfunción sexual actual: ansiedad como estado y rasgo, vulnerabilidad al estrés, riesgo a enfermar y temperamento. Dentro de los resultados obtenidos existió un predominio de la tendencia al neuroticismo, los temperamentos melancólico y flemático, la vulnerabilidad al estrés y el alto riesgo a enfermar. Abstract in english Sexuality is a psychological construction of the personality resulting from the interaction of organic, factors, congenital characteristics, environmental circunstances and social phenomena, in which the individual develops himself. That's why it has to be dealt with through a multidisciplinary, sys [...] temic and holistic approach. This paper was made at Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Hospital, where there is a multidisciplinary office that gives attention to all those patients that think they have some type of sexual dysfucntion. These patients are referred to the The Department of Special Research (DSR) to undergo psychophysiological and physiological studies. Of the studied cases, 60 predominantly psychogenic subjects with sexual dysfucntion were selected aimed at determining stress indicators that may be related to sexual dysfunction, such as: anxiety state and trait anxiety, vulnerability to stress, risk for falling ill and temperament. Among the results, it was observed a predominance of a trend towards nueroticism, the melancholic and phlegmatic temperaments, the vulnerability to stress and the high risk for getting sick.
Masatu Melkiory C
Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual activities are increasingly changing from the cultural point of view what they used to be. Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among in-school and out-of-school but unmarried adolescents aged 10 to 19 in five locations in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect information and to characterize sexual practices among these adolescents. Results About 32% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being males than females. The only inquired and reported sexual practices include vaginal sex, masturbation, oral and anal sex. About 15% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. Significantly more males reported having multiple partners than females. Nearly 42% of sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during most recent sexual act. Females reported older partners at first sexual act. Conclusion Adolescents experience several sexual practices that include penetrative and non-penetrative. More males reported being sexually active than females. Despite adolescents reporting having multiple sexual partners, reported condom use during the most recent sexual act was low. We advocate for a more enhanced approach of reproductive health education that includes safer sex to adolescents without forgetting those in-schools.
Heilborn Maria Luiza; Cabral Cristiane S.
This article examines the sexual practices of young Brazilians based on data from the GRAVAD Research Project, a household survey targeting males and females from 18 to 24 years of age (n = 4,634) in three Brazilian State capitals: Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador. The set of practices experienced over the course of their sexual careers is characterized by traits of social belonging, elements from individual life histories, and prescribed rules of conduct for men and women. The auth...
MARÍA-PAZ, BERMÚDEZ; GUALDERMO, BUELA-CASAL; INMACULADA, TEVA.
Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar algunas características de las conductas sexuales precoitales y el tipo de contacto sexual, en adolescentes españoles. Participó una muestra representativa de 4.456 estudiantes españoles de enseñanza secundaria obligatoria. Se administró un cuestionario sobre [...] conducta sexual. Es un estudio transversal descriptivo de poblaciones, mediante encuestas con muestras probabilísticas. Los adolescentes fueron seleccionados mediante un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, en función del tipo de centro educativo y de la comunidad autónoma. En comparación con las mujeres, los varones comenzaron las experiencias sexuales sin penetración a una edad más temprana, tenían un mayor número de parejas y un mayor porcentaje de ellos manifestó tener parejas ocasionales. Este estudio no solo contribuye al conocimiento sobre la conducta sexual de los adolescentes antes del inicio de las relaciones sexuales con penetración, sino que en él se destaca la importancia de desarrollar estrategias de prevención sexual en los adolescentes. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine characteristics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They complete [...] d a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexual behaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Compared to females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.
Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas
Quitéria Clarice Magalhães Carvalho
Full Text Available Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción.A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em uma organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação.
Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse / Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas / Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas
Quitéria Clarice Magalhães, Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão, Cardoso.
Full Text Available A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em um [...] a organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre f [...] ebrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil [...] through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.
Norma de Paula, Cavalheiro.
Full Text Available A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforç [...] am que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populações de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monogâmicos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo. Abstract in english It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission amon [...] g multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.
Norma de Paula Cavalheiro
Full Text Available It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission among multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforçam que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populações de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monog??micos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo.
Álvaro Roberto, Vallejo Samudio; Martha Isabel, Córdoba Arévalo.
Full Text Available El abuso sexual afecta fundamentalmente a niños de cualquier género y mujeres, dejando graves secuelas en las víctimas, y en su medio familiar y social. Este artículo rastrea las publicaciones disponibles en materia de acciones encaminadas al apoyo de sobrevivientes de abuso sexual, por parte de los [...] sistemas de salud pública en algunos países, y los tratamientos de origen psicológico más recomendados para la reparación de la salud mental de las víctimas. El abuso sexual en países en desarrollo debe ser un asunto de seguridad pública, más aun en Colombia, donde la violación de mujeres es una arma de guerra usada por los actores de la violencia sociopolítica. Abstract in english Sexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of se [...] xual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence.
Feinstein, Brian A; Meuwly, Nathalie; Davila, Joanne; Eaton, Nicholas R; Yoneda, Athena
The current study examined the associations between sexual orientation prototypicality-or the extent to which an individual's attractions or sexual behaviors are similar to others in the same sexual orientation category-and several indicators of well-being (depressive symptoms, loneliness, and self-esteem). Data were analyzed from a sample of 586 self-identified heterosexual and sexual minority (lesbian/gay and bisexual) men and women who completed an online survey. We used k-means cluster analysis to assign individuals to sexual orientation clusters (resulting in heterosexual and sexual minority clusters) based on dimensions of same-sex and other-sex attractions (emotional, romantic, and sexual) and sexual behavior. Sexual orientation prototypicality was operationalized as the Euclidean distance between an individual's position in the cluster and their cluster centroid. Lower sexual orientation prototypicality (i.e., greater Euclidean distance from one's cluster centroid) was significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms, higher loneliness, and lower self-esteem for men and women; results did not significantly differ for self-identified heterosexuals versus sexual minorities. Although self-identified sexual orientation and sexual orientation prototypicality were both associated with well-being for women, only sexual orientation prototypicality was associated with well-being for men. Findings suggest that sexual orientation prototypicality may be a better indicator of well-being than sexual orientation for men. Further, sexual orientation prototypicality appears to play a significant role in well-being for women. PMID:25257258
Akanle Florence Foluso
Full Text Available This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.
Sedlecki, K; Markovic, A; Rajic, G
The increase of sexual activity among the adolescents has become a danger to their reproductive health. The goal of this study was to explore sexual behaviour of young people, to establish risks that endanger their reproductive health, and to find out the ways to reduce the consequences of adolescent sexuality. The study was conducted in the Mother and Child Health Care Institute of Serbia over a 2-year period. The sexual and reproductive behaviour, attitudes toward sexuality and contraception, as well as the prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections were analyzed in 300 sexually active adolescent females, aged 19 years. The first sexual intercourse was in 16.9 years, in average. Less than one-third of the total number (31.3%) of these persons had contraceptive protection at the first intercourse; condom was most frequently used (28.3%). Motives for the initiation of sexual activity were: love (45.7%), curiosity (35.7%), physical attraction and passion (8.3%), peer pressure (5.0%), on the boyfriend's insistence (4.7%), need for love (0.3%) and without answer (0.3%). Two-thirds of adolescent females (63.7%) reported more than one partner, 21.7% more than three and 10.2% more than five sexual partners. Almost half of girls (40.7%) experienced sexual intercourse in casual acquaintance, and 10.3% with a 10 or more years older partner. Use of contraceptive methods during each sexual encounter was inconsistent and sporadic. More than half of adolescent females (54.3%) relied on traditional forms of contraception, like withdrawal of the phallus. Condom was the method of contraceptive choice in one-third (34.3%) of girls, "birth-control pill" in 10.7% and spermicides in 0.7% of subjects. With a new sexual partner condom was used regularly by 55.6% of adolescents; and the remaining percentage of girls used condom irregularly (24.7%), or never (19.7%). The time interval between the initiation of sexual activity and the first gynaecological examination was more than 6 months in 56.7% of cases, and from one to three years in 31.0% of tested adolescent females. The reasons for the first gynaecological visit were as follows: fear of getting pregnant (22.0%), suspicion of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (22.0%) and symptoms indicating a pelvic inflammatory disease (18.3%). Only one-third of girls (37.7%) had their first gynaecological examination as a regular control examination or to get some contraceptive advice. During the adolescence unwanted pregnancy was noted in 16.0% of examined girls. One legal abortion had 14.4% of girls, two 1.3% and three 0.3% of adolescent females. Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection was found in 30.3% of girls. In the girls' opinion the improved knowledge about sexuality, reproduction and contraception is the best way of popularizing contraception among youth. This could be done by introduction of sexual education in school programmes (51.0%) or through mass media (33.3%). A successful health care service for young people should include: a gynaecologist who will have enough time and patience for an adolescent patient (91.3%); a female gynaecologist (36.7%); and a kind other health care workers (21.3%). In order to increase the number of adolescents who will use a condom, the following measures are necessary: a better quality of condoms (54.0%), installation of condom machines (15.6%), mass media education programmes on the significance of the condom role in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (10.0%), attractive design of condoms (7.0%), free condoms (6.7%), and universal accessibility of condoms (1.0%). The reproductive health of adolescent girls in Belgrade has been endangered by: their sexual behaviour, poor acceptance of healthy life styles, lack of responsibility in sexual relationships and high prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Improvement of adolescent reproductive health could be achieved by: educational programmes for adolescents about sexuality, reproduction and contraceptio
Gustavo, Figueroa C.
Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english There is no question about the negative effects of child sexual abuse. Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years. His contr [...] ibution consisted in the discovery of specific events, prior to puberty, which were indispensable to the formation of psychoneuroses. If an adult patient recalled an infantile sexual experience, Freud assumed the interference of a pervert: a child was sexually innocent unless it had been traumatized. But Freud's technique of clinical exploration had not attained adequate reliability and was not immune to prejudices. Freud himself dropped his mechanical, static theory that presupposed a single type of accidentally occurring trauma prior to puberty, allowing him to develop his new drive and fantasy theory.
Lindgren, Kristen P.; Schacht, Rebecca L.; Pantalone, David W.; Blayney, Jessica A.
A qualitative study was conducted to understand college students’ experiences and perceptions of sexual communication and sexual goals, and how they were affected by the transition from high school to college. Participants were heterosexual college students (N = 29). Single-sex focus groups were conducted and analyzed for themes. Major themes included gender differences in communication of sexual interest, with men reportedly perceiving more sexualized intentions than women intended to comm...
Cinara, Sacomori; Fernando Luiz, Cardoso.
Full Text Available Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC) - Brasil. Método: In [...] vestigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; p Abstract in english Background: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC) - Brazil. Meth [...] od: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC), Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test). Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p
Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; King, Keith A.
This study investigated sexuality topics discussed by parents, sources of sexuality education, sexual risk behaviors, and attitudes about who should educate children about sexuality among a sample of 204 adult Latinas. Nearly half of sexually active women (having ever had sex) reported condom use and 36.7% reported discussing sexual history with…
Vaughn R. Steele
Full Text Available Background: Modulation of sexual desires is, in some cases, necessary to avoid inappropriate or illegal sexual behavior (downregulation of sexual desire or to engage with a romantic partner (upregulation of sexual desire. Some have suggested that those who have difficulty downregulating their sexual desires be diagnosed as having a sexual “addiction”. This diagnosis is thought to be associated with sexual urges that feel out of control, high-frequency sexual behavior, consequences due to those behaviors, and poor ability to reduce those behaviors. However, such symptoms also may be better understood as a non-pathological variation of high sexual desire. Hypersexuals are thought to be relatively sexual reward sensitized, but also to have high exposure to visual sexual stimuli. Thus, the direction of neural responsivity to sexual stimuli expected was unclear. If these individuals exhibit habituation, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be diminished; if they merely have high sexual desire, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be increased. Neural responsivity to sexual stimuli in a sample of hypersexuals could differentiate these two competing explanations of symptoms. Methods: Fifty-two (13 female individuals who self-identified as having problems regulating their viewing of visual sexual stimuli viewed emotional (pleasant sexual, pleasant-non-sexual, neutral, and unpleasant photographs while electroencephalography was collected. Results: Larger P300 amplitude differences to pleasant sexual stimuli, relative to neutral stimuli, was negatively related to measures of sexual desire, but not related to measures of hypersexuality. Conclusion: Implications for understanding hypersexuality as high desire, rather than disordered, are discussed.
Franklin Giovanni, Soler.
Full Text Available La teoría evolutiva propuesta por Darwin sugiere el mecanismo de la selección natural para explicar la forma como las especies se adaptaron, sobrevivieron y evolucionaron, y el mecanismo de la selección sexual para explicar su reproducción. De esta manera, postula que los rasgos adaptativos son repr [...] oducidos más sucesivamente que los rasgos desadaptativos. De acuerdo con esto, la selección natural debería favorecer la heterosexualidad, pues ésta facilita la reproducción y la propagación de genes. Pero ¿qué sucede con la orientación sexual que no favorece la tesis darwiniana (por ejemplo, la homosexualidad) y por qué se ha mantenido? La investigación en esta área se ha centrado en aspectos hormonales, de diferenciación cerebral y genéticos, arrojando resultados inconsistentes. Se parte de la tesis de que la orientación sexual humana, en particular la orientación homosexual, es tan compleja como para ser descrita y explicada tan solo por un modelo o una disciplina. Se hace una revisión de las diferentes áreas de investigación sobre orientación sexual y se sugiere la incapacidad de las teorías evolutivas para dar cuenta de ella. Abstract in english The Darwin's theory of evolution suggests the mechanism of natural selection in order to explain how species adapted, survived and evolved; and the mechanism of the sexual selection in order to explain its reproduction. In this way, he postulates that the adaptive characteristics are reproduced more [...] successively than the maladaptative characteristics. In agreement with this, natural selection would have to favor heterosexualidad since this facilitates the reproduction and genes propagation. But what happens with the sexual direction that does not favor the Darwinian thesis (for example the homosexual dad) and why has stayed throughout time? The investigation in this area has been centered in hormonal aspects, cerebral differentiation and genetic, throwing incoherent results. Based * on the thesis that the human sexual direction, and especially homosexual direction, is as complex as to be described and explained so single by a model or a discipline. A revision becomes of the different investigation areas on sexual direction and the incapability of the evolutionary theories to give account of this is suggested.
van Roode, Thea; Dickson, Nigel; Herbison, Peter; Paul, Charlotte
Objectives: To determine the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) on adult sexual behaviors and outcomes over three age periods. Methods: A longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972/1973 was used. Information on CSA was sought at age 26, and on sexual behaviors and outcomes at ages 21, 26, and 32. Comparisons were…
S., García González; L., Duarte González; M.C., Mejías Paneque.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres gr [...] ávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who w [...] ere in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).
This Surgeon General's Call to Action emphasizes the need to promote sexual health and responsible sexual behavior throughout the lifespan, discussing the public health approach to this issue, the current public health problem with sexually transmitted diseases, risk and protective factors for sexual health, evidence-based intervention models, the…
Senn, Charlene Y.; Gee, Stephanie S.; Thake, Jennifer
The current study examined whether adding emancipatory sexuality education, which encourages the exploration of women's own sexual values and desires, to a sexual assault resistance program would improve women's resistance to sexual assault by known men. The participants were 214 first-year university students. A randomized experimental design…
deFur, Kirsten M.
Sexuality professionals have long called for the inclusion of sexual pleasure in sexuality education programs, however, facilitators are often ill-equipped to do so. This lesson plan will help educators conceptualize the topic of sexual pleasure in order to successfully integrate it into their lessons. This lesson also reviews challenges of…
Tolma, Eleni L.; Vesely, Sara K.; Oman, Roy F.; Aspy, Cheryl B.; Rodine, Sharon
Purpose: To examine whether gender and birth control use are associated with premarital sexual attitudes, beliefs about peers, family communication about sexual relationships, and sexuality education among sexually experienced youth. Methods: Data were collected from a randomly selected ethnically diverse youth sample (N = 1,253). Only the…
Watson, Laurel B.; Matheny, Kenneth B.; Gagne, Phill; Brack, Greg; Ancis, Julie R.
The purpose of our study was to examine the role that child sexual abuse may play in body surveillance and sexual risk behaviors among undergraduate women. First, a measured variable path analysis was conducted, which assessed the relations among a history of child sexual abuse, body surveillance, and sexual risk behaviors. Furthermore, body…
This digest in Spanish defines sexual misconduct and offers guidelines that school boards and administrators can initiate to protect students from unwanted sexual behavior. The law recognizes two types of sexual misconduct: quid pro quo, when a school employee grants a student a favor in exchange for sexual gratification, and hostile environment,…
It is well known that armed conflict and sexual violence against women and girls often go hand in hand. What is less widely recognised is that armed conflict and its aftermath also bring sexual danger for men and boys.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) is a national information and resource hub relating to all aspects of sexual violence. NSVRC staff collect and...
Pike, Thomas W.; Blount, Jonathan D; Lindström, Jan; Metcalfe, Neil B.
In species where males express carotenoid-based sexual signals, more intensely coloured males may be signalling their enhanced ability to combat oxidative stress. This may include mitigating deleterious oxidative damage to their sperm, and so be directly related to their functional fertility. Using a split-clutch in vitro fertilization technique and dietary carotenoid manipulation, we demonstrate that in non-competitive fertilization assays, male three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculea...
Dario A. Schirone; Germano Torkan
The company is the dynamic outcome of economic and social forces that influence each other; this idea requires to dedicate effort and attention to managing relational dynamics among its components. This study aims to investigate how protecting the worker also in his sexual orientation may positively influence the economic results of the whole business. The sampling technique used proves to be representative of the conclusions obtained. The survey will be developed trying to understand how thi...
Skogsmyr, Io; Lankinen, A?sa
Sexual selection has traditionally been used to explain exaggerated sexual traits in male animals. Today the concept has been developed and various other sexually related traits have been suggested to evolve in the same manner. In nearly all new areas where the theory of sexual selection has been applied, there has been an intense debate as to whether the application is justified. Is it the case that some scientists are all too ready to employ fashionable ideas? Or are there too many dogmatic...
Quarshie, Cecilia Naadensua
The aim of this project based theses was to describe ‘Attitudes towards the Sexuality of Finnish Teenagers’. The primary target was to gather the knowledge the teenagers know about their sexuality and how they feel. The secondary target was to describe the attitudes other minorities have towards their sexuality. There was an introduction session on the entire topic about reproductive health issues, sexuality, attitudes and rights. In order to get both targets of this project to be success...
Lopez-Castroman, Jorge; Melhem, Nadine; BIRMAHER, BORIS; Greenhill, Laurence; Kolko, David; Stanley, Barbara; Zelazny, Jamie; Brodsky, Beth; Garcia-Nieto, Rebeca; Burke, Ainsley K; Mann, J. John; Brent, David A.; Oquendo, Maria A.
Childhood sexual abuse has been consistently associated with suicidal behavior. We studied suicide attempt features in depressed individuals sexually abused as children. On average, sexual abuse started before age 9. It frequently coexisted with physical abuse. Suicide attempters more often had personality disorders and had endured abuse for longer, but did not differ in terms of other clinical characteristics from non-attempters. Earlier onset of sexual abuse and its duration were associated...
A. THOMAS WILLIAM; S. GUNESEKARAN; I.sekar
Young people learn more about sexual and reproductive health from uninformed sources and in our Indian culture, talking about sex and related issues are considered as taboo. Consequently, little information is provided to adolescents and youth about sexual health which resulted in risky sexual behaviour. In India, one-half of all young women are observed to be sexually active by the time they are 18 years. With the advent of mass media, internet, mobile phone and electronic communication gadg...
The goal of the present study was to investigate meanings of sexual intercourse in adolescence, and the relationships between meanings, gender, age, and sexual behaviors. Subjects were 201 Italian adolescents (107 boys and 94 girls), aged 14e19 (M¼ 17.44, SD ¼ 1.65). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires on meanings of sex, sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Using confirmatory factor analyses and ANOVAs, we found: (1) four dimensions of meanings of sexual in...
The purpose of this study is to estimate whether sexual activity is associated with wages, and also to estimate potential interactions between individuals' characteristics, wages and sexual activity. The central hypothesis behind this research is that sexual activity, like health indicators and mental well-being, may be thought of as part of an individual's set of productive traits that affect wages. Using two stage estimations we examine the relationship between adult sexual activity and wag...
Abdool, Zeelha; Thakar, Ranee; Sultan, Abdul H.
Although many women experience sexual problems in the postpartum period, research in this subject is under-explored. Embarrassment and preoccupation with the newborn are some of the reasons why many women do not seek help. Furthermore, there is a lack of professional awareness and expertise and recognition that a prerequisite in the definition of sexual dysfunction is that it must cause distress to the individual (not her partner). Sexual dysfunction is classified as disorders of sexual desir...
Bourke, A. F. G.
The origin of sexual reproduction involved the evolution of zygotes from separate genomes and, like other social processes, should therefore be amenable to analysis using kin selection theory. I consider how kin structure affects sexual interactions in three contexts—the evolution of sexual reproduction, sex allocation and sexual conflict. Kin structure helps explain the even-handed replication of paternal and maternal genes under outbreeding. Under inbreeding, it predicts altruistic failur...
Ngen, C C; Quek, D K; Ong, S B
Sixty five patients were interviewed on an average of 42 months after a myocardial infarction. Using a semi structured interview, they were systematically questioned on their usual sexual activity just before their infarction and at the time of follow up. All were married men with a mean age of 54.4 years and had resumed a normal active life. Forty six (70%) reported a decrease in frequency of sexual intercourse (mean 6.9 times/month before infarction and 0.8 times/month at time of interview, p less than 0.01). The majority had difficulty in discussing sex with their doctors because of impaired doctor-patient communication, cultural factors and lack of privacy. Discussion concerning sex should be initiated as soon as the patient is stable and pertinent advice is the key to better sexual adjustment after myocardial infarction. PMID:1836036
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine characterisctics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They completed a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexualbehaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Comparedto females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.
Sexual selection has been portrayed as acting predominantly on males who compete with each other over copulatory access to females; selection was considered to be driven by females choosing between males at the pre- or postcopulatory level. However, a broader view of sexual selection is now emerging. Examining male discrimination between females and female-female competition has been beneficial in identifying factors influencing the direction and strength of sexual selection. Furthermore, consideration of processes such as sexual coercion or genetic incompatibility, which indirectly influence an individual's set of copulation partners, gamete set or their offspring success, has helped to clarify the ways in which sexual selection may operate. Moreover, there is increasing evidence that not all copulations translate directly to paternity and that paternity does not necessarily translate into successful offspring. Postcopulatory and postfertilization mechanisms that influence not only paternity share but offspring recruitment now require further consideration. The benefits to each sex of copulating with particular partners or with more than one partner remains an area of debate. More carefully designed studies which eliminate alternative possibilities or quantify the relative importance of different selective pressures will also benefit from considering that not all copulations function solely to inseminate or receive sperm. It is also now clear that not all individuals of one sex follow the same strategy. Examining the variation between individuals in reproductive behaviour, fertilization success and offspring success will be important in establishing the selective pressures and mechanisms underlying the operation of sexual selection. (c) 1998 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. PMID:9933527
Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction
Eva Alcántara Zavala
Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limitaciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual.In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the particularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.
Lacasse, Anne; Mendelson, Morton J.
Adolescence is a transitional period when the pressure to engage in romantic and sexual relationships can leave teenagers feeling confused and at risk for sexual coercion. Our studies investigated characteristics of male and female perpetrators and victims of peer sexual coercion, focusing on self-esteem, sexist attitudes, and involvement in…
Studies have indicated that as many as 80% of students experience some form of sexual harassment in public schools. Such statistics are troublesome, considering that peer sexual harassment can have long-term psychological effects on student victims. Public schools have a responsibility to provide a safe educational environment free of peer sexual…
This review examines two texts that relate to youth, sexuality, and education. The first is James Sears' "Youth, Education and Sexualities: An International Encyclopedia" (2005) and the second is "Youth and Sexualities: Pleasure, Subversion and Insubordination In and Out of Schools" (2004) edited by Mary Louise Rasmussen, Eric Rofes, and Susan…
Quincy, Michael L.
The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…
Changes in American sexual behavior brought about by the sexual revolution have been linked to the breakdown of the family and other social ills. Because sex has profound consequences for self, others, and society, sex education is an important part of character education. Sexual abstinence before marriage is associated with better physical and…
Luef, Gerhard; Madersbacher, Helmut
Sexuality is an important and private aspect of life and sexuality and epilepsy have been intimately linked since ancient time. Disturbances of reproductive and sexual health are common in men and women with epilepsy. Multiple causes may lead to sexual dysfunction. The basis for hyposexuality has been attributed to both epilepsy and antiepileptic drug use, making it difficult to distinguish between the illness-specific and pharmacologic impacts on sexual functioning. Low levels of androgens are associated with sexual arousal insufficiency and sexual dysfunction. Data from animal studies support the hypothesis that hyposexuality occurs as a result of epileptiform activity in the temporal lobe, but not in the motor cortex. Enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs are metabolized in the hepatic P 450 system (e.g., 3A4, 2C9, 2C19), induce hepatic enzymes, increase the hepatic synthesis of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and increase the metabolism of sex hormones that might have an additional influence on sexuality in patients with epilepsy. When examining sexual dysfunction in men and women with epilepsy, the Arizona Sexual Experience Scale may be helpful in evaluating sexual function. Laboratory tests for estrogen, free and total testosterone, and serum SHBG may also be useful in evaluating sexual health. PMID:26003256
Saleh, Fabian M.; Berlin, Fred S.
Individuals who engage in sexual offenses may be afflicted with a paraphilic disorder or sexual deviation syndrome. Paraphilias are psychiatric disorders characterized by deviant and culturally non-sanctioned sexual fantasies, thoughts, and/or behaviors. A proportion of these individuals may also suffer from symptoms of mental illness that can go…
Mohipp, Charmaine; Senn, Charlene Y.
This study compared the perceptions of 172 graduate students to traditional versus contrapower sexual harassment. Graduate students are a unique sample due to their dual role as a student and a teacher. After controlling for attitudes toward feminism and sexual harassment, participants viewed contrapower sexual harassment as less indicative of…
Reviews one teacher's experiences teaching sexuality issues within the context of a second-year social and cultural geography course. Considers the complex issues that surround teaching about sexuality and "coming out" as a homosexual teacher or tutor. Includes a brief description of materials useful for teaching sexual geographies. (MJP)
Full Text Available Objective: To compare variables related to sexual functioning, namely: sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, sexual satisfaction and sexual function in women during the pregnancy and 3 months after delivery. Methods: This is an exploratory and descriptive, quantitative study. A non-probability, convenience sample of 62 women in the first stage, and of 52 women in the second stage, was used. The two groups were not significantly different regarding socio-demographic aspects. The main outcome measures used were the female sexual function as assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI and a Socio-demographic and Clinical Questionnaire. Results: The women presented higher mean levels of sexual satisfaction after birth, than during the pregnancy presenting statistically significant differences. Also they had lower mean levels of sexual desire, sexual arousal and vaginal lubrication after delivery. Regarding the orgasm, they presented higher mean levels in the postpartum period. The overall sexual function after childbirth did not present significant differences when comparing the pregnancy period to the postpartum, but presented higher mean levels during the pregnancy. Pain levels were higher during the pregnancy. Conclusion: We found no significant differences between the two groups, in most of the studied variables. However, Sexual Arousal and Sexual Satisfaction presented statistically significant differences.
Juhasz, Anne McCreary; Sonnenshein-Schneider, Mary
Analyzed adolescents' (N=500) evaluations of factors which would influence their sexual decisions. Results idetified six factors (family establishment competence, external morality, consequences of childbearing, self-enhancement through sexual intercourse, intimacy considerations regarding sexual intercourse, consequence of marriage) which were…
Singh, B. K.
The approval of premarital sexual relations has increased and the differences between various groups in their approval of premarital sexual permissiveness have narrowed. The theoretical framework of premarital sexual permissiveness in view of declining influences of social class, sex, and race needs to be reformulated. (Author)
McMillen, Eileen K.; Helm, Herbert W., Jr.; McBride, Duane C.
Religion is one of the major forces of control over sexuality, and many studies have observed an inverse relationship between religiosity and sexual permissiveness. The Religious Orientation Scale has been used to study the relationship between religious orientation and sexuality. It has been found that those with intrinsic views are more…
Useche, Bernardo; And Others
Surveyed sexual behavior of Colombian high school students. Found that prostitutes were playing decreasing role in sexual lives of males as result of trend toward premarital coital permissiveness among females. Findings revealed intrinsic gender differences in intensity and frequency of sexual desires. (Author/NB)
Giannotta, Fabrizia; Ciairano, Silvia; Spruijt, Rob; Spruijt-Metz, Donna
The goal of the present study was to investigate meanings of sexual intercourse in adolescence, and the relationships between meanings, gender, age, and sexual behaviors. Subjects were 201 Italian adolescents (107 boys and 94 girls), aged 14-19 (M=17.44, SD=1.65). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires on meanings of sex, sexual…
Hill, Catherine; Kearl, Holly
Sexual harassment has long been an unfortunate part of the climate in middle and high schools in the United States. Often considered a kind of bullying, sexual harassment by definition involves sex and gender and therefore warrants separate attention. The legal definition of sexual harassment also differentiates it from bullying. Based on a…
Marie-Aude Boislard P.; Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.
Sexual subjectivity (SS) includes sexual body-esteem, entitlement to self-pleasure and pleasure from a partner,sexual self-efficacy, and reflection about sexual behavior. The objectives of this study were to examine iffemales' SS was associated with their romantic experience, including status, length, quality, and same-sex sexualexperience. Participants were 251 females with a mean age of 19.6 years. In simple group comparisons, femaleswith steady partners were higher in sexual body esteem, ...
Bell, Rayna C.; Zamudio, Kelly R.
Sexual dichromatism, a form of sexual dimorphism in which males and females differ in colour, is widespread in animals but has been predominantly studied in birds, fishes and butterflies. Moreover, although there are several proposed evolutionary mechanisms for sexual dichromatism in vertebrates, few studies have examined this phenomenon outside the context of sexual selection. Here, we describe unexpectedly high diversity of sexual dichromatism in frogs and create a comparative framework to ...
Holloway, Ian W.; Traube, Dorian E.; SCHRAGER, Sheree M.; Levine, Brooklyn; Alicea, Stacey; Watson, Janet L.; Miranda, Ana; McKay, Mary M.
This study examines the effects of different types of sexual expectancies on early sexual behavior among racial/ethnic minority young adolescents. African American and Latino participants between 11 and 13 years old were recruited through schools and community-based agencies in the South Bronx, New York (N = 223). Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict early sexual behavior outcomes, which include engagement in sexual possibility situations, kissing, and sexual touching. T...
Godfrey D, Kangaude.
Full Text Available Sexual violence and abuse in prison are largely ignored in Malawi. There has been some advocacy focusing on HIV and AIDS in prisons, and discussions about providing condoms to prisoners, but the issue of sexual violence has for the most part been ignored. However difficult or controversial the issue [...] of sexuality in prison might be, the government has a duty to protect prisoners from sexual violence. It is illusory to think that sexual violence in prisons may be controlled merely by repressing sexual activity. This article suggests that the best way to respond to sexual violence in prison is to follow the expert counsel of the Technical Consultation on Sexual Health convened by the World Health Organisation and World Association of Sexology in 2002. The Consultation suggested that to achieve sexual health, sexuality and sexual relationships should be approached positively and respectfully. Further, the sexual rights of every person must be protected. Sexual rights are already recognised in national laws and policies, international human rights instruments and consensus documents. They include the right of persons to be free from coercion, discrimination and violence in their sexual relationships. Malawi has a panoply of laws and policies designed to advance sexual health and curb gender-based violence, including the Gender Equality Act, the National Policy on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and sexual offences legislation. In order to end sexual violence and abuse in prisons, these laws and policies must be applied to and implemented in prison. Moreover, these laws and policies must reflect a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, including those among prisoners.
Farnam, Farnaz; Pakgohar, Minoo; Mirmohamadali, Mandana; Mahmoodi, Mahmood
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a special sex education program in sexual health on Iranian newly-wed couples. A sample of 64 couples referred to three health centers of Tehran Medicine University, a few months prior to their marriage, were divided into case and control groups. The case group received three lecture sessions…
Maria Regina Fay de, Azambuja.
Full Text Available O artigo aborda a inquirição da vítima de violência sexual como afronta aos direitos humanos da criança, na medida em que busca a obtenção da prova em detrimento da proteção da vítima. Aponta a ação interdisciplinar como indispensável ao trabalho envolvendo violência sexual praticada contra a crianç [...] a, dando ênfase à perícia realizada por profissionais de diversas áreas (Serviço Social, Psicologia, Pedagogia, Pediatra) como instrumento capaz de produzir a prova e de garantir a dignidade e o respeito à vítima. Abstract in english The article is about the inquiry of the victim of sexual violence as an affront to children's human rights, because it searches to get evidence at the loss of the victim's protection. It points out that the interdisciplinary action is essential to the work involving the sexual violence against child [...] ren, and it emphasizes the examination accomplished by professionals from different areas (Social Work, Psychology, Education, Pediatrics) as a way to produce evidence and to guarantee the victim's dignity and respect.
Rosália Teixeira de Araújo
Full Text Available In this study we objectify: to inquire the physiological modifications of the menopause that influence the sexual standard of the woman; to know if the frequency of the sexual activity changed the menopause after and to investigate the factors aggravations or extenuating circumstances in the sexual life during this phase. One is about a study of quanti-qualitative nature, had as scene the Center of Health Almerinda Lomanto, having as informing 16 women. The data had been collected using the form. The data had been submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content of Bardin, of where categories and subcategorias had emerged: Changes observed in the sexual relationship after the menopause (Reduction of the libido, Incompreensão of the friend, did not have alteration, positive Change; Reasons that had favored the changes (physiological Alterations in the sexual act, menorragia Chronic headache nauseas fogacho/, Lack or psychological reduction of the pleasure, Alterations. We conclude that during the climatério and after the menopause, can occur physiological modifications that influence the standard of the sexual act, fits professional we while of health, to search to promote attitudes and behaviors that aim at the disruption of myths and taboos and the promotion of the sexual health.
Agustín, Orihuela Trujillo.
Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo recapitular la literatura disponible sobre factores que influyen en la conducta sexual del carnero. Incluye una descripción de los fundamentos endocrinos básicos, su manifestación en borregos ferales, así como una breve reseña de las conductas de cortejo y cóp [...] ula. También abarca una descripción de aquellos efectos que tanto a nivel prenatal como durante la infancia pueden afectar la vida reproductiva del animal adulto, considerando prácticas de manejo tales como la separación por sexos al momento del destete, y los problemas posteriores de homosexualidad o inadecuda conducta sexual que pueden mostrar en su madurez. Además, se revisan aspectos de dominacia y fotoperiodo, y cómo estos pueden afectar el éxito reproductivo. Se describen aspectos relacionados con la selección del compañero de monta y colección del semen. Finalmente, se documentan algunas pruebas a corral, desarrolladas con el fin de determinar cuáles son los carneros que pueden tener mayor éxito reproductivo en condiciones de campo. Abstract in english The purpose of this manuscript is to summarize the literature regarding factors influencing rams' sexual behavior. It includes a description of: the fundamental endocrine basis of sexual behavior, its manifestation in feral sheep, a brief description of ram's courting, and copulatory behaviors. It a [...] lso describes how some prenatal and childhood conditions can impact reproductive performance in mature animals, in addition to management practices, such as separation by sexes at weaning, and the later problems of homosexuality or inadequate sexual behavior that might some rams develope. Furthermore, the effects of dominance and photoperiod, and their effect in the reproductive success, together with some aspects related to mate selection are also described. Some considerations during semen collection are stated as well, and finally, several useful tests that have been developed under pen conditions to determine which rams could be successful breeders in the field are illustrated.
Carlos F., Cáceres; Víctor A., Talavera; Rafael, Mazín Reynoso.
Full Text Available Las orientaciones sexuales no heterosexuales dejaron de ser consideradas como patológicas por la Asociación Psiquiátrica Americana en 1973 y por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en 1990. Sin embargo, en opinión de los autores, en América Latina estos cambios no se han traducido ni en una atención [...] en salud inclusiva ni en el reconocimiento como ciudadanos plenos de las personas no heterosexuales. Este documento tiene como propósito brindar un panorama teórico referente a sexualidad, proponiendo condiciones apropiadas que permitan encarar exitosamente los desafíos que se presentan. Así, se expone el papel regulador que ejerce la medicina sobre la sexualidad, hecho que ha generado reacciones tanto académicas como políticas. Se señala el progresivo cambio dado en las ciencias médicas: desde considerar patológica la sexualidad no heterosexual hasta ofrecerle, al menos en teoría, inclusión. Se describen los impactos negativos que un ambiente social adverso genera en un individuo. Finalmente, se proponen acciones concretas a tomar para brindar mejores servicios de salud a las y los ciudadanos no heterosexuales. Abstract in english Non-heterosexual sexual orientations are no longer considered pathological by the American Psychiatric Association since 1973 and the World Health Organization since 1990. However, to many authors, these changes in Latin America have not been translated into an inclusive healthcare provision or the [...] recognition of non-heterosexual citizens with full rights. The purpose of this document is to provide a theoretical view regarding sexuality, proposing proper conditions that allow to successfully facing arising challenges. Thus, the regulating role of medicine over sexuality has been exposed, which has led to both academic and political reactions. The progressive change given in medical science has been pointed out: from considering non-heterosexual sexuality to be pathological to offering, in theory at least, inclusion. The negative impacts of what an adverse social environment causes to an individual are described. Finally, specific actions are proposed to provide better health services to non-heterosexual citizens.
Garrett, Dawne; Tomlin, Karen
This article explores the interrelated aspects of incontinence and sexuality in older age. It describes the physiological changes that may have an effect on sexual function and the genitourinary system as people age. The enduring importance of sexual intimacy is discussed. Treatments for incontinence and to improve sexual function are explored. The authors conclude that nurses, particularly those involved in continence management, have a role in ensuring sensitive assessment and access to treatment, which can support many older people to maintain fulfilling sexual activity. PMID:26108944
Finasteride, a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, widely used in the medical management of male pattern hairloss, has been reported to cause sexual side effects. This article critically examines the evidence available and makes recommendations as to how a physician should counsel a patient while prescribing the drug.
Spiecker, Ben; Steutel, Jan
Criticizes justifications given by pedophiles for having sex with children, including an analysis of "sexual desire" and "erotic." Raises the question of whether pedophile activities can ever be morally permissible. Uses principles of mutual consent and non-exploitation to answer negatively. Examines whether pedophile desires can be regarded as…
for Veterans and the Public Sex and Sexuality and HIV: Entire Lesson Overview If you just tested positive for HIV, you may not want to think about ... you might say in response. What is 'safer sex'? We know a lot about how HIV is ...
Full Text Available A high reproductive potential is one reason for the rapid spread of Drosophila suzukii in Europe and in the United States. In order to identify mechanisms that mediate mating and reproduction in D. suzukii we studied the fly’s reproductive behavior, diurnal mating activity and sexual maturation. Furthermore, we studied the change of female cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs with age and conducted a preliminary investigation on the role of female-derived chemical signals in male mating behavior. Sexual behavior in D. suzukii is characterized by distinct elements of male courtship leading to female acceptance for mating. Time of day and age modulate D. suzukii mating activity. As with other drosophilids, female sexual maturity is paralleled by a quantitative increase in CHCs. Neither female CHCs nor other olfactory signals were required to induce male courtship, however, presence of those signals significantly increased male sexual behavior. With this pilot study we hope to stimulate research on the reproductive biology of D. suzukii, which is relevant for the development of pest management tools.
... helpful? Can testosterone restore sexual functioning? What about herbs or natural cures for erection problems? Is there a way to make orgasms as intense as they used to be? Special concerns linked to certain cancers and their treatment Feeling good about yourself and ...
Full Text Available Background: Clinical experiences have revealed that patients with breast cancer experience various sexual problems following their treatment. Breast cancer negatively impacts the sexual life of the afflicted couples, and as a traumatic event can influence women’s psychosexual functioning and intimate relationship. This review focuses on sexuality after breast cancer and on a growing need for bio-psycho-social guidelines for breast cancer treatment. Methods: This study aims to review the literature on management, psychological outcomes and sexual dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. Results: Although the benefits of the current treatment strategies are well established, many cancer survivors are at risk for developing psycho physiological symptoms including sexual dysfunction. Cancer and treatment-related factors can influence sexual functioning. We review current treatment -related side effects on sexual functioning such as desire, arousal and orgasm in breast cancer patients. Despite the impact of medical treatment on survival of patients with breast cancer, no satisfactory steps have been taken towards improving sexual functioning of these patients. Conclusion: Breast cancer affects many aspects of sexuality, including changes in physical functioning and in the perception of feminity. Sexual dysfunction following breast cancer should be diagnosed and managed as a systematic approach with multidisciplinary inputs. Healthcare professionals should assess the effects of medical and surgical treatment on the sexuality of breast cancer survivors.
Luquis, Raffy R; Brelsford, Gina M; Pérez, Miguel A
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among Latino and non-Latino college students. The sample included 230 undergraduate college students enrolled at a mid-sized University in the western USA. Sexual behaviors among Latinos were significantly correlated with sexual attitudes and spiritual disclosure in close relationships. However, sexual behaviors for non-Latino respondents were only significantly related to sexual attitudes, not indices of religiousness or spirituality. Sexual educators, health educators, college-level instructors, and counselors can use these results to help Latino and non-Latino students alike understand the relationship between their religious and spiritual beliefs, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors. PMID:25160613
Lefkowitz, Eva S; Vasilenko, Sara A
Sexual behavior is an important aspect of adolescent development with implications for well-being. These chapters highlight important perspectives on studying sexual health from a normative, developmental perspective, such as viewing a range of sexual behaviors as life events; considering potentially positive physical health, mental health, social health, and identity outcomes; examining both intraindividual and interindividual differences in outcomes; recognizing the romantic relationship context of sexual behavior; and understanding how sexual media may impact sexual health outcomes. We suggest new directions for studying sexual health outcomes, such as studying behaviors beyond vaginal sex and condom use, new methodologies such as latent class analysis, sophisticated longitudinal designs, and collection and analysis of dyadic data. We recommend research on populations underrepresented in sexual health research such as late adolescents who do not attend traditional universities and adolescents from ethnic/racial minorities. Finally, we consider future directions for sexuality education and prevention efforts. PMID:24962364
Rosman, J P; McDonald, J J
Sexual harassment law presents a complex set of issues not only for lawyers but also for psychiatrists in their roles both as evaluators and clinicians. Judge Reinhardt of the US Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, summed up these complexities: "We tend these days, far more than in earlier times, to find our friends, lovers, and even mates in the workplace. We ... often discover that our interests and values are closer to those of our colleagues or fellow employees than to those of people we meet in connection with other activities. In short, increased proximity breeds increased volitional sexual activity." On the other hand, he notes that Title VII "entitles individuals to a workplace that is free from the evil of sexual intimidation or repression. It is frequently difficult to reconcile the two competing values." He goes on to ask, "When does a healthy constructive interest in romance become sexual harassment? To what extent is pursuit of a co-worker proper but of a subordinate forbidden? Is wooing or courting a thing of the past? Must a suitor cease his attentions at the first sign of disinterest or resistance? Must there be an express agreement before the person seeking romance may even hold the hand of the subject of his affection? Is it now verboten to steal a kiss? In the workplace? Everywhere? Under all circumstances or only some? Has the art of romantic persuasion lost its charm? Questions relating to love and sex are among the most difficult for society to answer." The US Supreme Court has stressed the need for common sense in evaluating cases of sexual harassment. Perhaps psychiatrists can play a sobering role in developing answers to these questions. PMID:10083950
Semerdjieva, M; Mateva, N; Dimitrov, I
The number of the gypsy population in Bulgaria has increased with 85,419 persons for the period 1965-1992 that is higher than the prognosis made about a mean rate of increase of 2000 persons per year. The aim of the present study was to describe demographic changes and main problems of intrafamily planning of this population. The primary information was collected by the method of indirect individual inquiry as the opinion of 495 gypsy women at reproductive age was studied. Sexual behaviour of this ethnic group was analysed with the needs and social, economical and cultural status. The results have revealed particular patterns of the sexual behaviour about the beginning of early sexual relationships, use of modern contraceptive methods, number of abortions, etc. It should be noted that only about 61% from the gypsy women use any kind of contraceptive measures but irregularly. The mean number of abortions per woman was 2.41 and about 33% of women had undergone 3 and more abortions-on-demand. The low level of sexual culture and the lack of knowledge about the methods of contraception have led to early first births, high proportion of abortions-on-demand and high rate of increase of the population among gypsies. This may be explained by the life-style traditions of this ethnic group and their intention to the multi-child model of the family. We must emphasize the lack of modern information system for early warning, publicity and formation of sexual habits of this population. PMID:10205999
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the stages of the sexual cycle of the bitch by direct examination and also to assess the reliability of this new technique by comparing it with the classical staining techniques used in bitches. Forty mixed-breed bitches, of different ages and sexually mature were used in this study. A total of 120 vaginal smear samples were collected using a cotton swab, three from each bitch. The collected samples were air dried and coded. One of the prepared samples from each bitch was stained with May-Grunwald Giemsa and the second sample was stained with Papanicolaou. The third sample was left unstained for direct examination. The stages of the sexual cycle were determined using all of the samples. The researcher who evaluated the samples did not have information about the coding system. The evaluation was made blindly and the results were compared after determination of the stages of the sexual cycle from all of the samples. The sexual cycle stages determined with the May-Grunwald Giemsa and Papanicolaou techniques were completely consistent with each other. However, when the direct examination technique was compared with the classical staining techniques, there was a significant difference in the proestrus, diestrus and anestrus stages of the cycle (p0.05 in the estrus stage of the cycle. In conclusion, it was found that when determining the stages of the sexual cycle of the bitch by vaginal cytology, the direct examination technique was reliable only in detecting the estrus stage of the cycle.
Ruth Pérez Villegas
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV 52 % y sífilis (25 %. CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs. METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STIs, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV 52% and syphilis (25%. CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.
Varnamkhasti, Mohammad Jalali; Lee, Lai Soon
In this study, a new technique is presented for choosing mate chromosomes during sexual selection in a genetic algorithm. The population is divided into groups of males and females. During the sexual selection, the female chromosome is selected by the tournament selection while the male chromosome is selected based on the hamming distance from the selected female chromosome, fitness value or active genes. Computational experiments are conducted on the proposed technique and the results are compared with some selection mechanisms commonly used for solving multidimensional 0/1 knapsack problems published in the literature.
While much of the Christian evangelical movement fosters judgmental attitudes surrounding sexuality, disapproving of other individuals who exhibit behaviors deemed morally reprehensible, other evangelical denominations embrace different viewpoints about human sexuality. In spite of the existence of ecumenical evangelical groups, the majority defines sexual morality through a narrow and prescriptive outlook and pathologizes certain sexual behaviors. Solutions to identified sexual problems are often provided through restrictive viewpoints despite the existence of largely opposing positions within this movement. Reaction formation and authoritarian personality theory are theorized as the primary explanations for individuals failing to conform to stringent religious sexual expectations. PMID:20182916
Andrade, Roumayne Fernandes Vieira; Araújo, Maria Alix Leite; Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza; Reis, Cláudia Bastos Silveira; Miranda, Angélica Espinosa
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases. METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fortaleza, CE, Northeastern Brazil, in 2012 and involved 221 individuals (40.3% male and 59.7% female) attended to at reference health care units for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Data were collected using a questionnaire applied during interviews with each participant. A multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model was conducted using the stepwise technique. Only the variables with a p value < 0.05 were included in the adjusted analysis. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the measure of effect. RESULTS A total of 30.3% of the participants reported experiencing some type of violence (27.6%, psychological; 5.9%, physical; and 7.2%, sexual) after the diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease. In the multivariate analysis adjusted to assess intimate partner violence after the revelation of the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases, the following variables remained statistically significant: extramarital relations (OR = 3.72; 95%CI 1.91;7.26; p = 0.000), alcohol consumption by the partner (OR = 2.16; 95%CI 1.08;4.33; p = 0.026), history of violence prior to diagnosis (OR = 2.87; 95%CI 1.44;5.69; p = 0.003), and fear of disclosing the diagnosis to the partner (OR = 2.66; 95%CI 1.32;5.32; p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Individuals who had extramarital relations, experienced violence prior to the diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease, feared disclosing the diagnosis to the partner, and those whose partner consumed alcohol had an increased likelihood of suffering violence. The high prevalence of intimate partner violence suggests that this population is vulnerable and therefore intervention efforts should be directed to them. Referral health care services for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases can be strategic places to identify and prevent intimate partner violence. PMID:25741656
Denise, Quaresma da Silva.
Full Text Available Objetivo: analizar el tratamiento de la educación sexual en escuelas públicas municipales de enseñanza primaria. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal con metodología cuantitativa-cualitativa donde la entrevista semiestructurada se utilizó como instrumento de recogida de información. La entrevi [...] sta se aplicó entre marzo y diciembre del año 2012 a una muestra no probabilística de 82 docentes de las 56 escuelas públicas municipales de Novo Hamburgo. Para el examen de las entrevistas se utilizó la técnica de análisis del sujeto colectivo. Resultados: las escuelas estudiadas fracasaron en la instrumentación de la educación sexual como tema transversal. La mayoría de los/as docentes evadió el tema y transfirió la responsabilidad hacia los/as profesores/as que imparten la asignatura de Ciencias. El profesorado señaló la necesidad de capacitación y el poco tratamiento metodológico en las escuelas como los principales obstáculos para avanzar en la transversalización de la educación sexual. Conclusiones: la educación sexual se asume como un tema que solo debe abordarse si los/as estudiantes preguntan, lo que coloca a la infancia y a la adolescencia en una situación vulnerable frente a problemas como el embarazo precoz y las enfermedades de transmisión sexual. Urge trascender hacia una actuación docente efectivamente comprometida con la educación, prevención, inclusión, pluralidad y democratización de las escuelas para promover una sexualidad responsable y placentera. Abstract in english Objective: to analyze dealing with sexual education in municipal public elementary schools located in Novo Hamburgo city in Brazil. Methods: cross-sectional descriptive study with quantitative and qualitative methods using the semi-structured interview as data collection instrument. The interview wa [...] s made from March to December 2012 in a non-probabilistic sample of 82 teachers from 56 municipal public schools in Novo Hamburgo. Collective subject analysis technique supported the analysis of interviews. Results: the study revealed that the studied schools played a failed role in the implementation of sexual education as a cross-sectional topic. Most of the professors avoid talking about this topic and pass the responsibility on those professors who teach Sciences as a subject. The teaching staff stated the need of training and the poor methodological work in schools as the main obstacles to advance in the transversalization of sexual education. Conclusions: sexual education is seen as a topic that may be addressed only if the students make questions about it, which places infants and adolescents in a vulnerable position to face problems such as early pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. It is urgent to go beyond and to adopt a teaching attitude effectively committed to education, prevention, inclusion, plurality and democratization in school in order to promote responsible and pleasant sexuality.
Dobrakowski, Pawe?; Pierzcha?a, Krystyna; ?abuz-Roszak, Beata
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system with unclear pathogenesis. Among other clinical manifestations, sexual dysfunction (SD) is a common but still underreported and underdiagnosed symptom of the disorder. SD in MS patients may resultfrom a complex set of conditions and may be associated with multiple anatomic, physiologic, biologic, medical and psychological factors. SD arises primarily from lesions affecting the neural pathways involved in physiologic function. In addition, psychological factors, the side effects of medications and physical symptoms such as fatigue, muscular weakness, pain and concerns about bladder and bowel incontinence may also be involved. Since MS primarily affects young people, SD secondary to MS may have a great impact on quality of life.Thus, maintaining a healthy sexual life with MS is an important priority. PMID:25775814
The issues that have taken shape around the need to prevent the spread of HIV/Aids, and to manage the risks of an epidemic, throw light on the pressing contradictions within Chinese society. They offer a very relevant approach for analysis of current changes in the field of sexuality and to understand the variety of its discourses and practices. The theoretical perspective of this article will be informed by a constructivist approach, since such approaches have radically altered our understan...
3 small scale sex education programs developed in recent years by nongovernmental organizations in Chile are described. In 1 case, PAESMI cooperated with the Organization of American States to develop a sex education program for schools in the municipality of Estacion Central. The 1st phase involved training of 40 teacher-monitors who attended a 3-day workshop during the 1988 summer vacation. They later served as instructors for the remaining teachers in the 12 participating schools. Saturday workshops were held over 4 months to familiarize teachers with the program and its objectives. No specific curriculum was established; teachers were to introduce the topics at their discretion into the existing program. A methodological guide was prepared for preschool and primary children in 1988, and in 1989 the program was extended to older children. The majority of participating teachers were enthusiastic, but at present the Biomedical Extension Center of the University of Chile is teaching a course on foundations for human sexuality for educators. It provides teachers with an improved factual basis to complement the stress on attitudes and ethics of the earlier course. A segment of the original course dealing with attitudes toward pornography is included. The 2nd program was a 10-session workshop organized by 4 psychologists, 2 teachers, and a midwife belonging to the Father Andre Jarlan Center for Research and Action in People's Health (CIASPO) for students in 4 intermediate schools in the commune of Santiago. The objective of CIASPO, a nongovernmental organization founded in 1985, is to provide sex education from a multidisciplinary perspective to enable students to assume responsibility for their own sexuality and improve attitudes. The workshop stressed the importance of the body, sentiments, and emotions, examined culture and sex roles, and contraceptive methods. A preworkshop evaluation questionnaire indicated that the participants had a deficient knowledge of sexuality. Workshop organizers emphasized the need for support from school authorities in implementing sex education programs. The final sex education initiative consisted of a mental health program developed by a group of professional women who worked with lower class urban women. The Center for Development of Women (DOMOS) began its work in the area of female sexuality, but by 1987 had become specialized in the mental health of women. DOMOS has a program of shortterm individual psychotherapy and a program of preventive education consisting of workshops on different themes lasting 4-12 weeks each. A sexuality workshop was held to help participants understand their sexuality as a natural function and an important part of human life. PMID:12343307
Full Text Available Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC - Brasil. Método: Investigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; pBackground: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC - Brazil. Method: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC, Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test. Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p<0.001, as well as the self-masturbation practices (Cochran's Q=9.42; p=0.024, to be masturbated (Cochran's Q=31.04; p <0.001, to masturbate the partner (Cochran's Q=14.39; p=0.002, felation (Cochran's Q=25.84; p<0.001, cunilingus (Cochran's Q=30.70; p<0.001, mutual oral sex (Cochran's Q=36.37; p<0.001 and anal sex (Cochran's Q=25.59; p <0.001. None of the participants made use of vibrator as a sex toy. Conclusions: the gestational period affects significantly the proportions of accomplishment of the sexual practices, while the variations of the results in this study re-gards to other studies can be credited to the cultural diversity.
Angelone, David J; Mitchell, Damon; Carola, Kara
The present study attempted to develop a laboratory analogue for the study of tolerance for sexual harassment by using an online speed-dating paradigm. In that context, the relation between participants' sexual harassment attitudes, perpetrator attractiveness, perpetrator status, and perceived dating potential of the perpetrator were examined as factors influencing participants' tolerance of sexually harassing behavior. Participants were 128 female college students from a small northeastern public university. Results indicated that attractiveness, high social status, and attitudinal beliefs about sexual harassment were all predictive of tolerance for sexual harassment, providing preliminary support for the validity of this paradigm. In addition, participants' self reported likelihood to date a bogus male dating candidate was also predictive of tolerance for sexual harassment, over and above the aforementioned variables, suggesting that dating potential can play a role in perceptions of sexual harassment. Further, this experiment demonstrated that perceptions of sexual harassment can be assessed using the in vivo measurement of behavior. In addition, using an online environment not only provides a contemporary spin and adds a greater degree of external validity compared to other sexual harassment analogues, it also reduces any risk of potential physical sexual contact for participants. PMID:19030980
Shapiro, Kathy; Ray, Sunanda
Sexual health is defined in terms of well-being, but is challenged by the social, cultural and economic realities faced by women and men with HIV. A sexual rights approach puts women and men with HIV in charge of their sexual health. Accurate, accessible information to make informed choices and safe, pleasurable sexual relationships possible is best delivered through peer education and health professionals trained in empathetic approaches to sensitive issues. Young people with HIV especially need appropriate sex education and support for dealing with sexuality and self-identity with HIV. Women and men with HIV need condoms, appropriate services for sexually transmitted infections, sexual dysfunction and management of cervical and anogenital cancers. Interventions based on positive prevention, that combine protection of personal health with avoiding HIV/STI transmission to partners, are recommended. HIV counselling following a positive test has increased condom use and decreased coercive sex and outside sexual contacts among discordant couples. HIV treatment and care have reduced stigma and increased uptake of HIV testing and disclosure of positive status to partners. High adherence to antiretroviral therapy and safer sexual behaviour must go hand-in-hand. Sexual health services have worked with peer educators and volunteer groups to reach those at higher risk, such as sex workers. Technological advances in diagnosis of STIs, microbicide development and screening and vaccination for human papillomavirus must be available in developing countries and for those with the highest need globally. PMID:17531749
Brotto, Lori A; Chik, Heather M; Ryder, Andrew G; Gorzalka, Boris B; Seal, Brooke N
Cultural effects on sexuality are pervasive and potentially of great clinical importance, but have not yet received sustained empirical attention. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of acculturation on sexual permissiveness and sexual function, with a particular focus on arousal in Asian women living in Canada. We also compared questionnaire responses between Asian and Euro-Canadian groups in hopes of investigating whether acculturation captured unique information not predicted by ethnic group affiliation. Euro-Canadian (n = 173) and Asian (n = 176) female university students completed a battery of questionnaires in private. Euro-Canadian women had significantly more sexual knowledge and experiences, more liberal attitudes, and higher rates of desire, arousal, sexual receptivity, and sexual pleasure. Anxiety from anticipated sexual activity was significantly higher in Asian women, but the groups did not differ significantly on relationship satisfaction or problems with sexual function. Acculturation to Western culture, as well as maintained affiliation with traditional Asian heritage, were both significantly and independently related to sexual attitudes above and beyond length of residency in Canada, and beyond ethnic group comparisons. Overall, these data suggest that measurement of acculturation may capture information about an individual's unique acculturation pattern that is not evident when focusing solely on ethnic group comparisons or length of residency, and that such findings may be important in facilitating the assessment, classification, and treatment of sexual difficulties in Asian women. PMID:16362246
Corona, Giovanni; Rastrelli, Giulia; Maseroli, Elisa; Forti, Gianni; Maggi, Mario
With the progressive increase in the proportion of older people, there is an increasing interest in characterizing the modifications of sexual health and the effect of its perturbations as a function of the aging process. The aim of this review is to summarize the available evidence regarding the age-dependent modifications of male sexual function and their interaction with general health and age-dependent modification of endocrine function. Elderly patients are often affected by multiple organic diseases which can interfere with sexual function. Despite this evidence, several studies have indicated that, with advancing age, normal erections are not an absolute prerequisite to remain sexually active. Good physical health, the availability of a partner, and a regular and stable pattern of sexual activity earlier in life predict the maintenance of sexual activity in old age. Conversely, there are no convincing data that hormonal changes, associated with aging, have a primary role in underlying changes in sexual function in healthy aging men. Nonetheless, sexual dysfunctions especially in elderly people are poor investigated. Asking about sexual health remains difficult or embarrassing for many primary care physicians. In addition, many patients find it difficult to raise sexual issues with their doctor. This situation often results in sexual issues not being adequately addressed thus resulting in depression, social withdrawal and delayed diagnosis of underlying medical conditions often resulting in forthcoming cardiovascular events. Education and permission from a health care professional may help to alter such misconceptions. Information from physicians regarding normal age-related changes in sexuality and encouragement, together with advice on how to continue meaningful sexual relations, may play a key role in altering such negative attitudes. PMID:24054932
During the summer of 1995, the US Congress engaged in a practice known as "legislating on appropriations," which involved creating new or revised policy during funding sessions rather than relying on authorizing committees to debate and set policy. By the time of the summer recess, this tactic had been used to attack abortion rights, contraceptive rights, and sexual orientation rights. Setbacks in abortion rights include introduction of a bill to outlaw the performance of "intact" dilatation and evacuation abortions, an extremely rare procedure used when a mother's life is in danger. In a general government appropriations bill, the health insurance programs for federal employees may not pay for abortion unless a woman's life is in danger. Those covered by the insurance may not purchase additional insurance with their own funds to provide for the cost of an abortion in cases of rape or incest. Other action removed President Clinton's order to fund medicare abortions in cases of rape or incest and overrode the actions of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education which attempted had to insure that obstetric and gynecology students would become trained in abortion techniques. Title X family planning funding was stripped and then restored, an "Adolescent Family Life Demonstration Program" was renamed the "Abstinence Counseling Program," and funding for the Office of Surgeon General was cut. AIDS funding mechanisms were subject to efforts to discriminate against homosexuals, and organizations said to promote homosexuality were singled out to be denied federal funding. These attacks on the rights of small groups of Americans are part of a larger effort to deny the right of all Americans to make responsible decisions regarding their sexuality. PMID:12290591
Kristensen, Ellids; Lau, Marianne Engelbrecht
This study investigated sexual function in women with a history of severe intrafamilial childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the correlation between sexual problems and the severity of CSA, adult support during childhood and current psychiatric symptoms. The sample consisted of 158 women who subsequently began specialized group psychotherapy for CSA sequellae. Clinical interview and questionnaires (Present Sexual Function, Sexual and Body Satisfaction, Symptom Check List 90-R) were used for data collection in a cross sectional study design. Non-parametric analysis, linear and logistic regression analysis were applied. Of the women, 63% were unsatisfied with their current sexual life, 39% felt uncomfortable with physical endearments and 71% were unsatisfied with their body. Only 82% had an active sexual life and, of these, 73% reported at least one sexual problem, 48% orgasmic problems and 45% dyspareunia. The occurrence of sexual problems was significantly correlated to childhood physical violence, current psychological distress, flashbacks in sexual situations and discomfort with physical endearment. The prevalence of sexual pain disorders were also positively correlated to “no adult support” in childhood. The present study finds that psychiatric patients in terms of women with a history of intrafamilial CSA have wide-ranging sexual problems. It is crucial to screen for sexual problems and address them during treatment.
Conaglen, Helen M
This article reports the utility of an information processing approach to examine whether there is a relationship between sexual content induced delay and levels of sexual desire as determined by self-report questionnaires. We tested this idea using a partial replication of the J. H. Geer and H. S. Bellard (1996) protocol demonstrating sexual content induced delay (SCID) in responding to sexual versus neutral words. In addition, the experiment examined whether SCID was different in people with varying levels of sexual desire. It was hypothesized that persons with low levels of sexual desire might respond more slowly to sexual word cues than others. Words with equal frequency of usage and similar word length were chosen from among those used in the Geer and Bellard study. The experiment was conducted with 171 volunteers who completed sexual desire questionnaires, lexical decision making tasks, and word ratings. The SCID effect was demonstrated by both men and women in the study with no significant variation between the sexes. In accordance with prediction, it was found that persons with lower levels of sexual desire responded more slowly to sexual stimuli than other participants, and rated sexual words as less familiar, less acceptable, and less positive emotionally to them. These findings have implications for understanding how emotional content contributes to SCID. They also suggest that further exploration of these ideas, perhaps using other stimulus modalities, may be helpful in advancing understanding of responses to sexual cues, and the potential implications that may have in better understanding sexual desire. PMID:15162082
Soba?ski, Jerzy A
Full Text Available Aim. Assessment of the association between self-reported sexual complaints and recalled childhood sexual adversities in a sample of psychotherapy patients.Material and methods. Coexistence of memories concerning traumatic events and minor sexual adversities and the currently present symptoms were analyzed on the basis of KO”0” Symptom Checklist andLife Inventory completed prior to treatment in the day hospital for neurotic disorders. Questionnaires from 3929 psychotherapy patients were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed on biographical and symptom items. Odds ratios for men and women were determined separately.Results. Associations between sexual adverse events, and current sexual health complaints, as estimated by OR coefficients, showed to be statistically significant. In the subgroups of patients who reported two categories of sexual adversities e.g. were both punished for masturbation and were not educated about sex, the risk of sexual complaints was further increased.Discussion. Both self-reported traumatic sexual events and sexual problems are quite common in the patient population and are strongly associated. Our study has replicated other’s findings in a large sample of outpatients suffering from neurotic disorders.Conclusions. Deficits in sex education, the trauma of incest, punishment for sexual play or masturbation, or too early or unwanted sexual initiation, are important risk factors of sexual symptoms accompanying neurotic syndromes. Results strongly suggest that studies focusing on the effects of sexual traumatic events should take into consideration the co-occurrence of multiple adversities.
White, Jacquelyn W.; Humphrey, John A.
Koss and Dinero's (1987) comprehensive developmental model of sexual aggression asserts that sexual assault is in part a result of early sexual experiences and family violence; that sexually aggressive behaviors may be predicted by such "releaser" variables as current sexual behavior, alcohol use, and peer group support; and that use of aggression…
Moore, Susan; Rosenthal, Doreen
Examined sexual worlds of 153 adolescents aged 15 to 18 years through content analysis of interviews on topics of love, romance, relationships between sexes, sexual values, and sexual behaviors. Seven themes emerged: permissiveness, double standards, belief about sexual control, romance, regrets about permissiveness, sexual aggression, and…
Full Text Available Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS comprenden un grupo de patologías, de etiología infecciosa diversa, en las que la transmisión sexual es relevante desde el punto de vista de salud pública. La carga de enfermedad que suponen las ITS globalmente se desconoce, ya que las infecciones asintomáticas son frecuentes, las técnicas diagnósticas no siempre están disponibles y la vigilancia epidemiológica es inexistente o muy deficiente en muchos países. La Organización Mundial de la Salud estimó que en 1999 se produjeron en el mundo 340 millones de casos nuevos de sífilis, gonorrea, clamidiasis y tricomoniasis. En la Unión Europea, al igual que en España, ITS como la gonococia o la sífilis muestran en los últimos años una tendencia ascendente. La co-infección entre distintas ITS es muy frecuente. Por ello, en cualquier persona que presente una de ellas debe descartase la presencia de otras, en particular la infección por VIH y la infección por clamidia; esta última es la ITS más común en Europa y frecuentemente es asintomática. La prevención y el control de las ITS se basa en la educación sanitaria, el diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, la detección de las infecciones asintomáticas, el estudio de los contactos y la inmunización cuando se dispone de vacuna.Sexually transmitted infections (STI include a group of diseases of diverse infectious etiology in which sexual transmission is relevant. The burden of disease that STI represent globally is unknown for several reasons. Firstly, asymptomatic infections are common in many STI; secondly, diagnostic techniques are not available in some of the most affected countries; finally, surveillance systems are inexistent or very deficient in many areas of the world. The Word Health Organization has estimated that in 1999 there were 340 million new cases of syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia infection and trichomoniasis. An increasing trend in the incidence of gonorrhoea and syphilis has been noticed in the last years in the European Union, including Spain. Co-infection with other STI, especially HIV, should be ruled out in all STI patients. Chlamydia screening is also of particular importance since this is the most common STI in Europe and frequently goes unnoticed. STI prevention and control should be based on health education, early diagnosis and treatment, screening for asymptomatic infections, contact investigation and vaccination for those diseases for which a vaccine is available.
Full Text Available Recurrent ischemic priapism is a problem in clinical treatment. Most of the cases require more invasive surgery to shunt the blood stasis. We introduce a modified technique in treating recurrent ischemic priapism. The technique described is applied to acute ischaemic priapic episodes in patients with a history of stuttering priapism. It was carried out by a Winter's shunt combined with a continuous cavernosal irrigation system. Priapism was effectively resolved on the patients without recurrence. The four patients who received this treatment recovered most sexual function after 6 months follow-up.
Marien, Fernández Correa; José, Urdaneta Machado; Sulay, Villalobos de Vega; Nasser, Baabel Zambrano; Gustavo, Valbuena; Alfi, Contreras Benítez.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el ju [...] icio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94). Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas naturales se ubicaron en las categorías alta o moderada; mientras que en las histerectomizadas en moderada o baja. En el orgasmo, los indicadores analizados se encontraron en iguales categorías, salvo el indicador tipos de estimulación que resultó alto en las que presentaron menopausia natural y bajo en las quirúrgicas. Por su parte, en las fases de meseta y resolución los indicadores se mostraron en categorías similares. Conclusión: Existen diferencias significativas en las fases de excitación y orgasmo entre ambos grupos, reflejando en las mujeres que tuvieron una menopausia natural bienestar sexual, vida placentera y salud. Abstract in english Objective: To compare the sexual response in postmenopausal women according with the menopause type showed. Methods: One thousand twenty patients were studied, divided into two matched groups, which were assessed through a questionnaire comprising 46 items through a Lickert´s scale, validated by exp [...] ert opinion and the Cronbach alpha coefficient (0.94). Setting: “Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza” Maternity Center, Maracaibo Results: During the arousal phase, all indicators were located in the high or moderate category in natural menopausal, while in the hysterectomized women were moderate or low. In the orgasm phase, analyzed indicators were in same categories, although stimulation type in natural menopausal women was high and low in the hysterectomized. Meanwhile, in plateau and resolution phases, the indicators were showed in similar categories. Conclusions: There are significant differences in arousal and orgasm phases between the two groups reflecting in the natural menopausal sexual wellness, pleasant life and health.
Guo, Zhen-ni; He, Si-yuan; Zhang, Hong-liang; Wu, Jiang; Yang, Yi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system characterized by episodic and progressive neurologic dysfunction resulting from inflammatory and autoimmune reactions. The underlying pathogenesis of MS remains largely unclear. However, it is currently accepted as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Among other clinical manifestations, sexual dysfunction (SD) is a painful but still underreported and underdiagnosed symptom of the disorder....
Egel, R; Nielsen, O
The regulation of sexual reproduction in yeast constitutes the highest level of differentiation observed in these unicellular organisms. The various ramifications of this system involve DNA rearrangement, transcriptional control, post-translational modification (such as protein phosphorylation) and receptor/signal processing. A few basic similarities are common to both fission and budding yeasts. The wiring of the regulatory circuitry, however, varies considerably between these divergent yeast groups.
Tennfjord, Oddfrid Skorpe
The main purpose of the present thesis was to develop a measurement instrument aimed to reveal attitudes towards child sexual abuse, and to measure attitudes and associating personal, social and cultural factors among three different samples of Norwegian adults. Additional aims were to explore the relation between participants’ knowledge-seeking on the one hand, their experiences, attitudes and actual knowledge about abuse on the other hand. Three studies are presented based on the same dat...
Marien Fernández Correa
Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el juicio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94. Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas naturales se ubicaron en las categorías alta o moderada; mientras que en las histerectomizadas en moderada o baja. En el orgasmo, los indicadores analizados se encontraron en iguales categorías, salvo el indicador tipos de estimulación que resultó alto en las que presentaron menopausia natural y bajo en las quirúrgicas. Por su parte, en las fases de meseta y resolución los indicadores se mostraron en categorías similares. Conclusión: Existen diferencias significativas en las fases de excitación y orgasmo entre ambos grupos, reflejando en las mujeres que tuvieron una menopausia natural bienestar sexual, vida placentera y salud.Objective: To compare the sexual response in postmenopausal women according with the menopause type showed. Methods: One thousand twenty patients were studied, divided into two matched groups, which were assessed through a questionnaire comprising 46 items through a Lickert´s scale, validated by expert opinion and the Cronbach alpha coefficient (0.94. Setting: “Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza” Maternity Center, Maracaibo Results: During the arousal phase, all indicators were located in the high or moderate category in natural menopausal, while in the hysterectomized women were moderate or low. In the orgasm phase, analyzed indicators were in same categories, although stimulation type in natural menopausal women was high and low in the hysterectomized. Meanwhile, in plateau and resolution phases, the indicators were showed in similar categories. Conclusions: There are significant differences in arousal and orgasm phases between the two groups reflecting in the natural menopausal sexual wellness, pleasant life and health.
Little research has been done to examine discrimination against gays and lesbians in the labor market. Badgett (1995) conducted the only previous study investigating labor market outcomes of gays and lesbians using a random data set. However, due to the structure of the data, the wage differential between heterosexuals and gays and lesbians that is found can not be directly assigned to employer discrimination. Some gays and lesbians might deploy passing strategies to hide their sexual orienta...
Curtis, H. A.; Lawrence, C. J.; Tripp, J. H.
One hundred and one pregnant girls aged under 18 years were interviewed to collect information about the development of their sexual awareness, attitudes towards relationships, and about their social context. The data show that the girls were likely to come from homes where the parents were divorced, where the mother married when she was under 21 years of age, and where her first child was conceived out of wedlock. Altogether 76 of these pregnant girls first had intercourse before they were 1...
Full Text Available Lower spinal cord injuries frequently cause sexual dysfunction in men, including erectile dysfunction and an ejaculation disorder. This indicates that the important neural centers for male sexual function are located within the lower spinal cord. It is interesting that the lumbar spinal segments contain several neural circuits, showing a clear sexually dimorphism that, in association with neural circuits of the thoracic and sacral spinal cord, are critical in expressing penile reflexes during sexual behavior. To date, many sex differences in the spinal cord have been discovered. Interestingly, most of these are male dominant. Substantial evidence of sexually dimorphic neural circuits in the spinal cord have been reported in many animal models, but major issues remain unknown. For example, it is not known how the different circuits cooperatively function during male sexual behavior. In this review, therefore, the anatomical and functional significance of the sexually dimorphic nuclei in the spinal cord corresponding to the expression of male sexual behavior is discussed.
Christensen, Birgitte S; GrØnbaek, Morten
Studies have linked obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and tobacco smoking to erectile dysfunction, but the evidence linking unhealthy lifestyle factors to other sexual dysfunctions or to sexual inactivity is conflicting.
Driemeyer, Wiebke; Spehr, Aranke; Yoon, Dahlnym; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Briken, Peer
Sexual delinquency in juveniles is insufficiently explored in regard to the specificity of offender characteristics. The aim is to investigate relevant areas for juvenile sexual offending in a precourt, pretreatment group. Thirty-two alleged juvenile sexual offenders (ASO) referred to by police were compared with 32 juvenile nonsexual violent offenders (VNO) on standardized measures of aggressiveness and psychopathology, antisocial behavior, substance use problems, and sexuality. Less externalizing disorders and antisocial behavior were found among the ASOs than among the VNOs. The ASO group was sexually less experienced, had less trust in their relationship abilities, fewer victimization experiences, and reported more sexual deviance, while pornography use and obscene calls were reported less often. Few juvenile sexual offenders had severe problems in the investigated areas. Including groups of offenders before court, treatment or incarceration in research appears crucial to understand the full spectrum of sexual deviance in youth and avoid misguidance due to selection factors. PMID:23527793
Bramsen, Rikke Holm; Lasgaard, Mathias
The present study set out to investigate predictors of first time adolescent peer-on-peer sexual victimization (APSV) among 238 female Grade 9 students from 30 schools in Denmark. A prospective research design was utilized to examine the relationship among five potential predictors as measured at baseline and first time APSV during a 6-month period. Data analysis was a binary logistic regression analysis. Number of sexual partners and displaying sexual risk behaviors significantly predicted subsequent first time peer-on-peer sexual victimization, whereas a history of child sexual abuse, early sexual onset and failing to signal sexual boundaries did not. The present study identifies specific risk factors for first time sexual victimization that are potentially changeable. Thus, the results may inform prevention initiatives targeting initial experiences of APSV.
Whitbeck, Les B.; And Others
Describes investigation of effects of mothers' dating behaviors on adolescents' sexuality using reports from a sample of adolescents and their divorced mothers. Suggests mothers' dating behaviors directly influenced sexual behavior of males and indirectly influenced sexuality of females. Mothers' sexual permissiveness influenced daughters' sexual…
David T., Williams.
Full Text Available Recent decades have witnessed both a shift in sexual standards, and the loss of the Biblical authority which has traditionally motivated them. This has been the case even with Christians. It is therefore necessary to suggest a new motive for morality, especially in this area. A possibility is the id [...] ea of the imitation of Christ, adopting the principles on which he acted, which can be summed up as kenõsis, or self-limitation. Jesus was fundamentally limited through being incarnate; human beings are likewise limited, also with regard to their sexuality. Jesus adopted the practice of self-limitation, seen in his humility; Christians, in imitation of him, likewise should practise self-limitation. Indeed, the manifestation and practice of sexuality is fundamentally limited in any case by its very nature. If the principle of kenõsis is applied in the areas of marriage and divorce, and in related issues such as homosexuality or chastity, it serves to underpin what is a traditional set of practices in a way consistent with a Christian world-view.
Bismarck, Pinto; Siria, Aramayo.
Full Text Available RESUMEN Se proporciona un abordaje sistémico de las familias de agresores sexuales. Se utilizaron entrevistas a profundidad realizadas a cinco personas recluidas en la cárcel por agresiones sexuales, los genogramas proporcionaron una información gráfica respecto a la conformación de las familias. Se [...] ha podido establecer el patrón principal de la estructura familiar de origen, encontrando un ambiente violento y de maltrato dentro de la dinámica familiar. Se observa en estas estructuras un predominio de relaciones desvinculadas entre sus miembros, triangulaciones relacionales entre los padres e hijos, incumplimiento de las funciones de los padres y una desvinculación imposible para los hijos entre otras variables. Abstract in english ABSTRACT This study employed interviews which were performed to five individuals with those crimes related to sexual attack, specifically with regard to rapes, these interviews provided us the necessary information about dynamic surrounding the family members and at the same time, the genogrammes pr [...] ovided graphical information regarding family members. As well, it is observed in these structures a big influence of the lack of association in the family members, triangulation systems between parents and children, the lack of parents' responsibilities and a dissociation which is impossible for children among the variables. This study let us locate important relations between violent and aggressive behavior and the relation between the individual and the mother.
David T. Williams
Full Text Available Recent decades have witnessed both a shift in sexual standards, and the loss of the Biblical authority which has traditionally motivated them. This has been the case even with Christians. It is therefore necessary to suggest a new motive for morality, especially in this area. A possibility is the idea of the imitation of Christ, adopting the principles on which he acted, which can be summed up as ken?sis, or self-limitation. Jesus was fundamentally limited through being incarnate; human beings are likewise limited, also with regard to their sexuality. Jesus adopted the practice of self-limitation, seen in his humility; Christians, in imitation of him, likewise should practise self-limitation. Indeed, the manifestation and practice of sexuality is fundamentally limited in any case by its very nature. If the principle of ken?sis is applied in the areas of marriage and divorce, and in related issues such as homosexuality or chastity, it serves to underpin what is a traditional set of practices in a way consistent with a Christian world-view.
Reininghaus, Eva; Lackner, Nina
Huntington's disease (HD) is a chronic disabling disease that inflicts a considerable burden on patients and their families for a variety of reasons. These reasons include cognitive impairment and motor dysfunction, personality changes, and knowledge of possible genetic transmission of the disease to their children. Thus, the decision to take a genetic test for individuals at risk for HD is often associated with family planning and relationship stress. However, for most individuals, a positive genetic test does not alter family planning with regard to their decision to have children. HD has also been associated with abnormal sexual behaviors, although only a few studies have explored sexuality and sexual dysfunction in HD. Up to 85% of men and 75% of women experience sexual problems, including hypoactive sexual disorder in some cases and increased sexual interest and paraphilia in others. Psychologic support should involve the communication of realistic expectations about the progression of the disorder and potential consequences on the children. PMID:26003252
Gannon, Theresa A; Alleyne, Emma K A
Until recently, the sexual offending literature focused on male perpetrators and neglected to examine the characteristics of female perpetrators. As a result, treatment provision for female sexual abusers has been either nonexistent or inappropriately adapted from programs designed for males. What we do know is that male and female sexual abusers share similarities; however, there remain distinct differences that warrant empirical and theoretical study. The current review systematically examines the literature on offense-supportive cognition in female sexual abusers. The aim of this systematic review is to aid clinical practitioners who work with female sexual abusers by providing an evaluation of current available research regarding implicit theories, rape myth acceptance, violence-supportive cognition, gender stereotypes, beliefs about sex, and empathy. We conclude that further research examining the offense-supportive cognition of female sexual abusers is needed in order to facilitate more effective empirically driven clinical practice. PMID:23093577
Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence.
Nobre, Pedro J; Pinto-Gouveia, José
The present study investigated the differences in emotional response to automatic thoughts presented during sexual activity between sexually functional and dysfunctional men and women. A total of 376 participants (160 women and 120 men without sexual problems and 47 women and 49 men with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of sexual dysfunction) completed the Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ male and female versions; P. J. Nobre & J. Pinto-Gouveia, 2000) and measures of sexual functioning: The International Index of Sexual Function (IIEF; R. C. Rosen et al., 1997), and The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI; R. C. Rosen et al., 2000). The SMQ is a combined measure constituted by three interdependent subscales: Automatic Thought subscale (AT), Emotional Response subscale (ER), and Sexual Response subscale (SR). Emotions were assessed by the ER subscale, where participants endorsed emotional reactions (worry, sadness, disillusion, fear, guilt, shame, anger, hurt, pleasure, satisfaction) to a list of automatic thoughts (AT subscale) that may occur during sexual activity. Results showed that both men and women with sexual dysfunction had significantly less positive emotional reactions to automatic thoughts during sexual activity. Sexually dysfunctional men had significantly more emotions of sadness, disillusion, and fear, and less pleasure and satisfaction, compared to men without sexual problems. Women with sexual dysfunction had significantly less pleasure and satisfaction, and more sadness, disillusion, guilt, and anger. Findings were congruent with recent studies indicating that emotions related to depressed affect (sadness, disillusion, lack of pleasure) as opposed to negative emotions (mostly related to anxiety) were stronger correlates of sexual dysfunction. PMID:16909318
Full Text Available The present review focuses on six factors that have been addressed in the literature about juvenile sexual offenders: general delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, aggressiveness and psychopathology, sexuality, sexual deviance, and victimization experiences. Empirical findings are characterized by great heterogeneity. Due to a lack of standardized assessment and because of different study groups they rarely facilitate direct comparisons. In an endeavor to clarify this vast heterogeneity, the purpose of this overview is to enlighten actual findings about these factors and on the role that has been assigned to them in the literature. Special attention is paid to comparison studies. A detailed description of the studies in tables2 allows for an overview of the results and an evaluation with respect to sample size, instruments, and type of study groups. The overview does not claim completeness; it is a narrative, none-systematic review3. In summary the review showed that in most cases, juvenile sexual offending cannot be understood as an expression of more general juvenile delinquency and - in contrast to other groups of juvenile delinquents - the sexual offenders report less non-sexual delinquent behavior. Alcohol and drug abuse have been reported less often as well, but they might play a more important role as situational factors. Externalizing problems apears more often in juvenile sexual offenders with peer/adult victims who are also non-sexually delinquent. Regarding sexuality, some studies indicate that juvenile sexual offenders are impaired in their sexual development, but they were rarely described as sexually isolated. Sexual deviance has been considered a risk factor for juvenile sexual offending, but the assessment of sexual deviance in juveniles has proven difficult. The prevalence of victimization experiences varies substantially and possible connections to sexual offending have proven complex. The interpretation of the results of most studies is compromised by a lack of data about non-delinquent juveniles. The review closes with explanations why some of the illustrated results vary substantially.
Celeste Sangiorgio; Reich, Warren A.; Vial, Andrea C.; Mirko Savone
Many studies explore when and how young people make sexual choices but few empirical investigations link their sexual motivations with their inner conceptions about their sexual identities. We used multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis to connect young adult participants’ (N = 128) self-descriptions of twelve identities to their sexual motivations and ideals. Identities clustered along two semantically distinct dimensions: Dimension 1 was anchored by family identities on one side and non-...
Mahajan, Priyanka Thukral; Pimple, Priya; Palsetia, Delnaz; Dave, Nahid; Sousa, Avinash
Indian religions and cultures are diverse and have always influenced the way people live in this part of the world. Religion has been a very dominant influence in marriage, choice of marital partner and cohabitation. The present paper looks at various religions in India and their influence on sexual attitudes and the institution of marriage. Sikhism, Jainism and the Parsi faith with its influence on sexuality and marriage are reviewed. Christian values and the role they play in shaping sexual...
Meiriani Sari; Endy Paryanto Prawirohartono; Madarina Julia2)
Background Worldwide incidence of obesity in children is increasing. Obesity may have many health effects including advancement of sexual maturity. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the timing of secondary sexual maturation in obese vs. non-obese girls. Methods Subjects were 105 obese and 105 non-obese girls, aged 7 to 8 years who had not entered puberty. Breast and pubic hair growth, secondary sexual characteristics, were assessed at baseline and every 4 months for two ye...
Lia Leão Ciuffo; Janice Machado da Cunha; Benedita Maria Rêgo Deusdará Rodrigues
The present article discuss nursing diagnosis face sexual abuse victim child, considering magnitude problem in health and psychosexual development repercussions. The objective is reflect about nurse action face childhood sexual abuse situations. Methodology: this is a descriptive and exploratory study, using bibliographic survey about nurse participation in childhood sexual abuse diagnosis. We believe that is necessary to sensitize nurse about detection responsibility of determinants aspects,...
Lehrer, Jocelyn A.; Lehrer, Vivian L.; Lehrer, Evelyn Lilian; Oyarzun, Pamela
Young women's experiences of sexual victimization can have far-reaching consequences, including unwanted pregnancy and increased risk of psychological, sexual, and reproductive health difficulties; these experiences can also limit young women's ability to achieve their educational potential. To date, no quantitative studies have examined sexual violence among college students in Chile. To address this gap, an anonymous survey was administered to students enrolled in General Education courses ...
Ersilia Satta; Carlo Magno; Alessandro Galì; Antonino Inferrera; Roberta Granese; Carmela Aloisi; Michele Buemi; Guido Bellinghieri; Domenico Santoro
Few studies address alteration of sexual function in women with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Quality of life surveys suggest that discussion of sexual function and other reproductive issues are of psychosocial assessment and that education on sexual function in the setting of chronic diseases such as diabetes and CKD is widely needed. Pharmacologic therapy with estrogen/progesterone and androgens along with glycemic control, correction of anemia, ensuring adequate dialysis deliv...
Siti Syairah Mohd Mutalip; Ruzianisra Mohamed
Background: Introduction to sexual education in schools was suggested by the Malaysian government as one of the effort taken in the aim to reduce the sexual-related social problems among Malaysian teenagers nowadays. This study was proposed in the aim to determine the rate of acceptance among adolescents on the implementation of sexual education in schools.Methods: This study was conducted using questionnaires distributed to 152 pre-degree students in Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi...
Ghorashi, Zohreh; Merghati-khoei, Effat; Yousefy, Alireza
The cultural compatibility of sexually related instruments is problematic because the contexts from which the concepts and meanings were extracted may be significantly different from related contexts in a different society. This paper describes the instruments that have been used to assess sexual behaviors, primarily in Western contexts. Then, based on the instruments’ working definition of ‘sexual behavior’ and their theoretical frameworks, we will (1) discuss the applicability or cult...
Wolff, Nancy; Blitz, Cynthia L.; SHI Jing; Bachman, Ronet; Siegel, Jane A.
People in prison are exposed to and experience sexual violence inside prisons, further exposing them to communicable diseases and trauma. The consequences of sexual violence follow the individual into the community upon release. This paper estimates the prevalence of sexual victimization within a state prison system. A total of 6,964 men and 564 women participated in a survey administered using audio-CASI. Weighted estimates of prevalence were constructed by gender and facility size. Rates of...
Bauermeister, Jose? A.; Morales, Mercedes M.; Seda, Gretchen; Gonza?lez-rivera, Milagritos
Sexual prejudice is linked to hate crimes, mental health, risk behaviors, and stigma. Few studies have examined sexual prejudice among Latinos. We surveyed 382 college students in Puerto Rico. A structural model tested whether contact and positive experiences with homosexuals, perceived similarities with peers' attitudes toward homosexuality, and religiosity were predictive of sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults. Sex differences in the structural model were explored. With the exc...
Randall, Patrick; Carr, Alan; Dooley, Barbara A.; Rooney, Brendan
Controlled studies suggest that clerical child sexual offenders may be better adjusted psychologically than their lay counterparts, although no studies of Irish clerical offenders have been reported. The aim of this study was to compare clerical and non-clerical sexual offenders with a normal control group, within an Irish context, on broad-band personality traits and narrow-band psychological characteristics that have been identified as risk factors for child sexual abuse. Thirty clerical me...
People who transgress expected norms regarding gender and sexuality have always attracted attention from social scientists. Early sexuality research, in which sexualities that differed from the statistical norm were presented as perversion, travesty, sickness and sin, has, for the most part, yielded to a contemporary focus that explores the lived experiences and realities of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. This body of work has been underpinned by sometimes competing soc...
Stader, David L.; Graca, Thomas J.
Like all teens, sexual minority youths (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) face many challenges, including student-on-student sexual orientation harassment. The authors examine recent research into the relative frequency, the potential impact, and school district responsibility to protect sexual minority youths from ongoing…
Swaby, Antoneal N.; Morgan, Kai A. D.
This study examined the associations between early traumatic sexualization and later sexual dysfunction in a sample of 100 Jamaican adults while identifying the linkages between age, frequency of abuse, and gender on sexual functioning. Participants were selected via purposive and convenience sampling and divided equally into comparison and…
This article examines the ways in which gatekeepers shape the field of teen sexuality by controlling access to sexual images. I question who decides whether an image is "appropriate" for young adults and how such judgements shape the wider cultural field. The ways in which gatekeepers have attempted to shield teens from certain sexual images…
Phua, Voon Chin
Based on data from participant observation and interviews with Brazilian sex workers and their clients, I examined the intersections of sexual and gender identities with sexual behaviors. Specifically, I was interested in how sex workers managed and negotiated their sexualities in the workplace. First, I described the layout and the social actors at a popular termas in a major Brazilian city. Then, I examined the interactions in the termas and how Brazilian sex workers use sexual identity terms to describe themselves. I argued that the use of these terms do not necessarily indicate sex workers' adoption of that sexual identity. Critical to them are the symbolic presentation of gender identity and the presentation of self at the work place. I developed a theoretical construct, sexual tags, which contributes to the literature by suggesting that sexual identity is situational and, more importantly, that the terms may not mean as much to the individuals or to be consistent with our understanding of what they ought to imply, especially when individuals are importing western terms to relate to their foreign clients. While using sexual tags does not preclude sex workers from eventually adopting that identity, it could also mean that some sex workers are claiming a sexual identity simply for strategic purposes. Another possible scenario is that sexual tags reflect the diverse interpretations of sexuality because of the available choices created by the situational manipulation of sexual meanings within a local context. PMID:19308714
Walcott, Christy M.; Meyers, Adena B.; Landau, Steven
Many adolescents are susceptible to negative outcomes associated with sexual behavior. This is particularly true for those who initiate sexual intercourse at an early age, have many sex partners, or engage in unprotected sex because these behaviors put one at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. This article reviews the…
Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Vasilenko, Sara A.
Sexual behavior is an important aspect of adolescent development with implications for well-being. These chapters highlight important perspectives on studying sexual health from a normative, developmental perspective, such as viewing a range of sexual behaviors as life events; considering potentially positive physical health, mental health, social…
Full Text Available Las personas con discapacidad intelectual experimentan el mismo rango de necesidades y deseos sexuales que las demás, sin embargo éstas encuentran muchas dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades. En ocasiones se les desalienta de aliviar la tensión sexual mediante masturbación, corren un alto ri [...] esgo de sufrir abuso sexual y es muy probable que no se les ofrezcan todas las opciones de anticoncepción y exámenes de salud sexual. La escasa educación y el aislamiento social pueden aumentar el riesgo de que cometan infracciones sexuales. Sin embargo, con una educación apropiada y con un buen apoyo social las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden encontrar relaciones saludables y una expresión sexual segura y constructiva. Parte esencial de la asistencia a las personas con discapacidad intelectual consiste precisamente en proporcionarles dicho apoyo. Abstract in english People with intellectual disability experience the same range of sexual needs and desires as other people. However, they experience many difficulties meeting their needs. They may be discouraged from relieving sexual tension by masturbating. They face a high risk of sexual abuse. They are likely not [...] to be offered the full range of choices for contraception and sexual health screening. Poor education and social isolation may increase their risk of committing sexual offences. However, with appropriate education and good social support, people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships. Providing such support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability.
Full Text Available People with intellectual disability experience the same range of sexual needs and desires as other people. However, they experience many difficulties meeting their needs. They may be discouraged from relieving sexual tension by masturbating. They face a high risk of sexual abuse. They are likely not to be offered the full range of choices for contraception and sexual health screening. Poor education and social isolation may increase their risk of committing sexual offences. However, with appropriate education and good social support, people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships. Providing such support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability.Las personas con discapacidad intelectual experimentan el mismo rango de necesidades y deseos sexuales que las demás, sin embargo éstas encuentran muchas dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades. En ocasiones se les desalienta de aliviar la tensión sexual mediante masturbación, corren un alto riesgo de sufrir abuso sexual y es muy probable que no se les ofrezcan todas las opciones de anticoncepción y exámenes de salud sexual. La escasa educación y el aislamiento social pueden aumentar el riesgo de que cometan infracciones sexuales. Sin embargo, con una educación apropiada y con un buen apoyo social las personas con discapacidad intelectual pueden encontrar relaciones saludables y una expresión sexual segura y constructiva. Parte esencial de la asistencia a las personas con discapacidad intelectual consiste precisamente en proporcionarles dicho apoyo.
Rocío Rivas Martín
Full Text Available Introduction: Health care to women is mainly focused on their gynecological and reproductive health. It is directed toward heterosexual women, their coital relations and the gestation, and doesn´t consider other practices and health issues. In recent years, lesbian women have become more visible in society, recalling that should not focus solely on sexual vaginal coitus and demanding their desire of being mothers.Objetives: With this study we try to be closer to lesbian women´s perceptions about their sexual and reproductive health, as well as trying to determine the factors that influence their health care and their relationship with the health system. Methodology: For this purpose was carried out a qualitative study among lesbian women of different ages. Techniques of collected data used were in-depth interview and discussion group. Results: The results show that lesbians feel safe at the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections; in addition they express their difficulties to reveal their sexual identity to healthcare professionals as well as problems accessing maternity. Conclusions: We conclude with the idea of the need for greater diversity and sexual health training for professionals, as well as further research on gynecological, sexual and reproductive health of this group of population.
Narendra Kumar Muthugaduru Shivarudrappa
Full Text Available Sexual dysfunction is the impairment or disruption of any of the three phases of normal sexual functioning, including loss of libido, impairment of physiological arousal and loss, delay or alteration of orgasm. Each one of these can be affected by an orchestra of factors like senility, medical and surgical illnesses, medications and drugs of abuse. Non-pharmacological therapy is the main stay in the treatment of sexual dysfunction and drugs are used as adjuncts for a quicker and better result. Management in many of the cases depends on the primary cause. Here is a review of the major etiological factors of sexual dysfunction and its management
Analysis of average indexes of men sexual formula (MSF) for liquidators was carried out. It was shown, that with increasing of radiation doses acting on personnel the suppressing of their sexual functions is growing up. With increasing of absorbed dose the frequency of copulative cycle disorders is increase from 61.5±5.10 % to 85.72±5.08 %. With increase of age the gradations of MSF indexes characterizing different sides of sexual life is decreasing. Received data evident that patients suffered from radiation action during a month characterizing with pronounced and prolonged dysfunction in sexual sphere
Temporal trends in physical and sexual abuse of children within a geographically defined area were examined, and cases of suspected sexual abuse referred to paediatricians during 1984 were studied in detail. After remaining static for four years referrals due to all types of abuse trebled between 1979 and 1984, and referrals due to sexual abuse increased from none to 50 a year. In 1984, 50 children (39 girls) aged 1-16 were referred because of possible sexual abuse. Abuse was confirmed or con...
Sónia, Martins; Carla, Machado; Rui, Abrunhosa; Celina, Manita.
Full Text Available A incorporação e partilha das concepções culturais dominantes acerca da sexualidade, da violência, da violação e de outras formas de violência sexual têm consequências tanto para a vida dos indivíduos como para a vida em sociedade. Atitudes sexistas e crenças legitimadoras da violação têm consistent [...] emente sido associadas com uma maior probabilidade de agressão e violência sexual. As atitudes face à violência sexual parecem também estar associadas com os papéis tradicionais de género, sobretudo os que se prendem directamente com o comportamento sexual. A ECVS mede o grau de tolerância/aceitação do sujeito quanto ao uso de violência desta natureza. Quanto mais elevada for a pontuação total da escala, mais elevado será o grau de tolerância/aceitação do sujeito quanto ao uso de violência sexual. A ECVS foi administrada a uma amostra nacional de 1000 estudantes universitários, analisando-se as suas características psicométricas. A análise factorial de componentes principais (com rotação varimax) permitiu obter cinco factores. A consistência interna da escala, obtida através do coeficiente alpha de cronbach, é de 0.91. Discutem-se as implicações dos resultados obtidos, quer em termos da análise da capacidade da ECVS para detectar atitudes e crenças associadas com a violência sexual, quer em termos da análise do seu contributo na construção e implementação de programas de intervenção e prevenção. Abstract in english The dominant culture sends out powerful messages about rape, sex and violence. Many studies postulated that conceptions of what events constitute sexual violence are influenced by the attitudes of those in their immediate social network. Sexist attitudes and rape-supporting beliefs have long been li [...] nked to relationship aggression and sexual violence. Attitudes toward sexual violence seem to be linked to traditional gender-role stereotypes, in particular those related to sexual behavior. The ECVS measures the degree to which a person sustains false information about sexual violence (false beliefs about sexual violence that are used to justify sexual violence and trivialize its effects on the victims). High scores indicate that a person is more tolerant to sexual violence. The ECVS was administered to a national sample of 1.000 university students. The psychometric properties of the ECVS were examined. Using principal components analysis we presented five independent factors. The scale has an alpha coefficient (internal consistency reliability) of .91. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of the ability of the ECVS to detect attitudes and beliefs associated with sexual violence and to subsequently develop appropriate educational and intervention programs to address and ultimately prevent sexual aggression.
Elaine E Steinke
Full Text Available Patients with cardiovascular disease and their partners expect health care providers to provide sexual counseling to assist them in maintaining sexual quality of life. Evidence suggests however, that there is a gap in integrating evidence into practice and that relatively few cardiac patients receive sexual counseling. This can result in negative psychological, physical, and quality of life outcomes for couples who may needlessly decide sexual activity is too risky and cease all sexual activity. Two scientific statements now exist that provide ample guidance to health care providers in discussing this important topic. Using a team approach that includes physicians, nurses, physical therapists, rehabilitation staff, and others is important to ensure that sexual counseling occurs throughout recovery. In addition, several trials using interventional approaches for sexual counseling provide insight into successful approaches for sexual counseling in practice. This article provides practical strategies and evidence-based approaches for assessment and sexual counseling for all cardiac patients and their partners, and specific counseling for those with ischemic conditions, heart failure, and implanted devices.
Kinzl, Johann F
Depression and antidepressant therapy have been associated with sexual dysfunction. Studies report wide discrepancies with regard to frequency, gender, and quality of sexual dysfunction. Although sexual side effects are a common reason for non-compliance with medication, information on impairment of sexuality in psychiatric patients is rare. The impact of antidepressant- induced sexual dysfunction is substantial and negatively affects quality of life, self-esteem, mood, and relationship with partner. Sexual side effects resulting from serotonin specific reuptake inhibitors use may be mediated by a number of central and peripheral mechanisms. Some antidepressants such as Bupropion, mirtazapine, and moclobemide have a sexual tolerability profile significantly better than SSRIs, especially escitalopram, paroxetine, venlafaxine, sertraline, or fluoxetine. There are some possibilities for treatment of anti-depressant induced sexual dysfunctions such as waiting for spontaneous remission, reducing the dosage level, substituting the offending drug with other antidepressants, drug holidays, or administration of a phosphodiesterase- 5-inhibitor. These side-effects are increasingly used therapeutically in the context of the common male sexual dysfunction ejaculatio praecox. For this indication short-acting SSRI;s are available. PMID:19573505
Jorge Peláez Mendoza
Full Text Available Se conoce como abuso sexual al "involucramiento" de niños y adolescentes de ambos sexos, inmaduros y dependientes, en actividades sexuales que no son verdaderamente comprendidas y frente a las cuales son incapaces de consentir responsablemente, la mayor parte de estas agresiones tienen como víctimas a mujeres y niñas, estas son perpetradas por hombres de distintas edades. Una de las principales preocupaciones ante el hecho de un abuso sexual es el riesgo de adquirir una infección de trasmisión sexual (ITS. Resulta importante poder distinguir las diagnosticadas en la primera consulta y aquellas encontradas durante el seguimiento, esto es puntualmente importante en las adolescentes. En el presente artículo realizamos una revisión actualizada sobre la asociación entre el abuso sexual y la presencia de las ITS, incluye además un abordaje actualizado del manejo de estas pacientes, incluido el tratamiento profiláctico. Se concluye que existe una íntima relación entre la ocurrencia de abuso sexual y la presencia de una o más ITS, lo que ha motivado la recomendación de pesquisar siempre su presencia en todas las víctimas de abuso sexual, de igual forma se hace necesario que los proveedores de salud tengan siempre presente la posibilidad de un abuso sexual crónico ante el hallazgo de la presencia de una ITS en una menor.It is known that the sexual abuse is the "involving" of immature and dependents children and adolescent of both sexes, in sexual activities no really understood and no responsibly allowed, most of these aggressions have as victim women and girls, are committed by men of different ages. One of the main concerns in face of a sexual abuse is the risk of sexual transmission infection (STD. It is essential to characterize those diagnosed in the first consultation and those founded during the follow-up, especially in adolescents ones. In present article we made an updated review on the association between the sexual abuse and presence of STIs, also including a updated approach of these patients management related to prophylactic treatment. We conclude that there is a close link between occurrence of sexual abuse and presence of one STI (s, thus, we suggest screening always its presence in all victim of sexual abuse and also it is necessary that the health care staff always consider a chronic sexual abuse in face of a finding of a STI in a minor.
Jorge, Peláez Mendoza.
Full Text Available Se conoce como abuso sexual al "involucramiento" de niños y adolescentes de ambos sexos, inmaduros y dependientes, en actividades sexuales que no son verdaderamente comprendidas y frente a las cuales son incapaces de consentir responsablemente, la mayor parte de estas agresiones tienen como víctimas [...] a mujeres y niñas, estas son perpetradas por hombres de distintas edades. Una de las principales preocupaciones ante el hecho de un abuso sexual es el riesgo de adquirir una infección de trasmisión sexual (ITS). Resulta importante poder distinguir las diagnosticadas en la primera consulta y aquellas encontradas durante el seguimiento, esto es puntualmente importante en las adolescentes. En el presente artículo realizamos una revisión actualizada sobre la asociación entre el abuso sexual y la presencia de las ITS, incluye además un abordaje actualizado del manejo de estas pacientes, incluido el tratamiento profiláctico. Se concluye que existe una íntima relación entre la ocurrencia de abuso sexual y la presencia de una o más ITS, lo que ha motivado la recomendación de pesquisar siempre su presencia en todas las víctimas de abuso sexual, de igual forma se hace necesario que los proveedores de salud tengan siempre presente la posibilidad de un abuso sexual crónico ante el hallazgo de la presencia de una ITS en una menor. Abstract in english It is known that the sexual abuse is the "involving" of immature and dependents children and adolescent of both sexes, in sexual activities no really understood and no responsibly allowed, most of these aggressions have as victim women and girls, are committed by men of different ages. One of the ma [...] in concerns in face of a sexual abuse is the risk of sexual transmission infection (STD). It is essential to characterize those diagnosed in the first consultation and those founded during the follow-up, especially in adolescents ones. In present article we made an updated review on the association between the sexual abuse and presence of STIs, also including a updated approach of these patients management related to prophylactic treatment. We conclude that there is a close link between occurrence of sexual abuse and presence of one STI (s), thus, we suggest screening always its presence in all victim of sexual abuse and also it is necessary that the health care staff always consider a chronic sexual abuse in face of a finding of a STI in a minor.
Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques
Sexual arousal has many dimensions and has consequently been defined in various ways. In humans sexual arousal can be assessed based in part on verbal communication. In male non-human mammalian species it has been argued that arousal can only be definitively inferred if the subject exhibits a penile erection in a sexual context. In non-mammalian species that lack an intromittent organ, as is the case for most avian species, the question of how to assess sexual arousal has not been thoroughly ...
Many people believe that sexual orientation (homosexuality vs. heterosexuality) is determined by education and social constraints. There are, however, a large number of studies indicating that prenatal factors have an important influence on this critical feature of human sexuality. Sexual orientation is a sexually differentiated trait (over 90% of men are attracted to women and vice versa). In animals and men, many sexually differentiated characteristics are organized during early life by sex steroids, and one can wonder whether the same mechanism also affects human sexual orientation. Two types of evidence support this notion. First, multiple sexually differentiated behavioral, physiological, or even morphological traits are significantly different in homosexual and heterosexual populations. Because some of these traits are known to be organized by prenatal steroids, including testosterone, these differences suggest that homosexual subjects were, on average, exposed to atypical endocrine conditions during development. Second, clinical conditions associated with significant endocrine changes during embryonic life often result in an increased incidence of homosexuality. It seems therefore that the prenatal endocrine environment has a significant influence on human sexual orientation but a large fraction of the variance in this behavioral characteristic remains unexplained to date. Genetic differences affecting behavior either in a direct manner or by changing embryonic hormone secretion or action may also be involved. How these biological prenatal factors interact with postnatal social factors to determine life-long sexual orientation remains to be determined. PMID:21693676
Morin, Chaparro G; Ruth, Pérez V; Katia, Sáez C.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar variables bio-psicosociales asociadas a la función sexual femenina en el período posparto. Métodos: Estudio analítico, transversal y correlacional en 117 mujeres que se controlaron entre el tercer y cuarto mes posparto, en los Centros de Salud Familiar “Huequén” y “Alemania” del S [...] ervicio de Salud Araucanía Norte, Novena Región, Chile, 2009. A través de una entrevista se les aplicó un instrumento para la obtención de datos sociodemográficos y el índice de función sexual femenina, este último se aplicó a 53 mujeres que habían iniciado actividad sexual. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi cuadrado, Mann-Whitney, t de Student y test de Friedman. Resultados: El promedio de índice de función sexual femenina fue de 22,1 puntos; (rango 34,8 y 7,0 puntos). El 73,6 % de las mujeres presentó disfunción sexual, El índice de función sexual femenina fue mayor en aquellas mujeres que iniciaron actividad sexual porque deseaban hacerlo, que aquellas que iniciaron porque su pareja insistió (P= 0,0210) El orgasmo fue el dominio con mayor porcentaje para disfunción sexual (83 %). El deseo sexual estuvo levemente disminuido en mujeres con lactancia materna exclusiva, y fue estadísticamente significativa en relación con otros tipos de lactancia (P=0,0560). El deseo (P=0,0182) y la excitación (P=0,0002) fue mayor en las mujeres que deseaban tener relaciones sexuales, en comparación con las que iniciaron actividad coital porque su pareja insistió. Conclusión: La mujer en la etapa posparto presenta disfunción sexual relacionada con factores fisiológicos y emocionales. Abstract in english Objective: To analyze bio-psychosocial variables associated to female sexual function during post-partum period. Method: A cross-sectional, analytical and correlational study, in 117 women which were checked between their third and fourth month post-partum period, in the Family Health Centers “Huequ [...] e” and “Germany” Araucanía Health Service North Ninth Region, Chile, 2009. By means of an interview a measuring tool for socio-demographic data collection and Female Sexual Function Index, was applied to 53 women who had initiated sexual activity, were applied the Chi square Tests, Mann-Whitney, t de Student and the Friedman test. Results: Average of female sexual function Index was 22.1 points; (34.8 and 7 points average). 73.6 % of women showed some degree of sexual dysfunction; there was a significant statistical difference among women who started their sexual relationship because they really wanted to do so compared to the ones who started sexual activity because their sexual partner insisted on doing so (P= 0.0210). Orgasm was the domain with the largest percentage of sexual dysfunction (83 %). Desire was decreased in women with breast-feeding practice only and it was statistically significant in relation to other types of feeding (P=0.0560). Desire (P=0.0182) and sexual arousal (P=0.0002) were deeper in women who wanted to have sexual relationships compared to the ones who started sex life because their partner pressed them to do so. Conclusion: Women during post-partum period show sexual dysfunction related to psychological and emotional factors.
Catlin, Nancy; And Others
Cohabitating college couples (N=89) responded to a questionnaire pertaining to their current sexual relationships and individual sexual behavior patterns, historical and present. Results indicate that those individuals, especially the males, had been unusually precocious in their sexual development. (Author)
Robertson, Carrie A.; Knight, Raymond A.
Sexual sadism and psychopathy have been theoretically, clinically, and empirically linked to violence. Although both constructs are linked to predatory violence, few studies have sought to explore the covariation of the two constructs, and even fewer have sought to conceptualize the similarities of violence prediction in each. The current study considered all four Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) facets and employed well-defined, validated measures of sadism to elucidate the relation bet...
A. De Schryver
Full Text Available Sexually transmitted diseases (STD are defined as a group of communicable diseases which have in common that they are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact. The number of agents now known to be sexually transmitted include some 20 pathogens. Some of these agents (such as Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B-virus, human immunodeficiency virus tend to replace the classical "venereal diseases" both in importance and frequency as these agents are often more difficult to detect, treat, and control. Sexually transmitted diseases are a major public health problem in most African countries on account of their frequency, their associated morbidity and mortality, their impact on paternal and infant health, as well as their economic costs in terms of health expenditure and lost productivity, and, last but not least, because of their social consequences. Recent epidemiological studies using sophisticated diagnostic technologies greatly extend our knowledge on the true spectrum of complications and sequelae associated with these infections. Nongonococcal urethritis - caused to 40% by Chlamydia trachomatis - and gonococcal infections are together the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases. The increasing importance of chlamydial infections, in contrast to a gradual decrease of gonococcal infections, is related to the fact that these infections frequently cause asymptomatic or mild disease and do not motivate patients to seek medical care, resulting in an extended period of infectivity and high risk of developing complications. Untreated gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections are the most common causes of epididymitis in males under the age of 35 years and may lead to decreased fertility. In some parts of sub-saharan Africa where urethritis often goes untreated, epididymitis is the leading course of male infertility. Also urethral strictures still from a large part of urogenital practice in some African countries. An estimated 8-16% of women with untreated endocervical gonococcal or chlamydial infections will develop acute salpingitis following an ascending spread of these pathogens. After one episode of acute salpingitis approximately 10% of women may become infertile due to complete tubal occlusion. Similarly, the risk for women to develop an ectopic pregnancy after salpingitis is 6-10 times greater than in controls. Ectopic pregnancies in areas with insufficient health services carry a high mortality risk. Maternal infections with STD may not only have adverse effects on pregnancy outcome but may cause serious morbidity and mortality in the newborn (e.g. congenital syphilis, ophthalmia neonatorum, herpes simplex virus infection of the neonate, chlamydial pneumonia, congenital HIV infection. AIDS is an example "par excellence" of a sexually transmitted disease of public health importance requiring extensive clinical services and posing enormous financial and social problems for the individual and the society at large. AIDS and the other viral STD have greatly increased the interest in primary prevention strategies such as health education and behavioral modification, for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
Rejoice Puthuchira Ravi; Ravishankar Athimulam Kulasekaran
Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are now recognized as a serious global threat to the health of population. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among young married scheduled castes women in Thiruvarur district of Tamilnadu state in India. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in 28 villages selected using multistage sampling technique for selecting 605 women in the age group of 15-24 years during July 2010-April 20...
Francis, Shelley A.; Thorpe, Roland J
Using the Primary Socialization Theory (PST), we examined substance use and sexual risk-taking behaviors between Black (N = 1,464) and White (N = 3,946) adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Wave 1, public use (Add Health). Self-reported substance use and sexual risk-taking behaviors, PST constructs, and covariates were assessed using regression modeling techniques. Black youth were more likely to initiate sex, while White youth were more likely to report lifeti...
Jaime, Collazos Aldana.
Full Text Available Escopo. Descobrir e analisar a estrutura e conteúdos das representações sociais da saúde sexual de três grupos de adolescentes: surdos usuários da língua de senhas colombiana (LSC), ouvintes e surdos usuários do castelhano oral, com o fim de reflexionar sobre a saúde sexual em populações em situação [...] de vulnerabilidade e sua aplicação ao campo da saúde pública. Metodologia. Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo interpretativo de orientação processual, no que foram empregadas as técnicas analíticas do uso de redes de associações, entrevistas e desenhos. Resultados. Foram achadas diferentes representações de saúde sexual em adolescentes avaliados: os adolescentes surdos usuários de LSC, focalizam suas representações no cuidado do corpo, a doença e o prazer sexual. Do outro lado, os ouvintes constroem representações ao redor da prevenção das infecções de transmissão sexual e o amor afetivo, e os adolescentes surdos usuários do castelhano o fazem em relação com a educação, o amor afetivo e as relações convencionais. Conclusão. O reconhecimento das diferentes representações sociais da saúde sexual dos adolescentes ouvintes e surdos se convertem num reto para a saúde pública na medida que obriga a reconhecer as necessidades e serviços, neste campo, desde uma perspectiva diferencial. A saúde sexual das pessoas em situação de vulnerabilidade é um assunto de direitos humanos, que questiona a maneira de formular políticas na atualidade, sobre tudo quando é desconhecida a identidade como elemento fundamental da sexualidade de estas pessoas. Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Describir y analizar la estructura y contenidos de las representaciones sociales de la salud sexual de tres grupos de adolescentes: sordos usuarios de lengua de señas colombiana (LSC), oyentes y sordos usuarios de castellano oral, con el fin de reflexionar sobre la salud sexual en poblacio [...] nes en situación de vulnerabilidad y su aplicación al campo de la salud pública. Método. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo interpretativo de orientación procesual, en el que se emplearon las técnicas analíticas de uso de redes de asociaciones, entrevistas y dibujos. Resultados. Se encontraron diferentes representaciones de salud sexual en los adolescentes evaluados: los adolescentes sordos usuarios de LSC, quienes focalizan sus representaciones en el cuidado del cuerpo, la enfermedad y el goce sexual. Por su parte, los oyentes construyen representaciones alrededor de la prevención de las infecciones de transmisión sexual y el amor afectivo; mientras los adolescentes sordos usuarios del castellano lo hacen en relación con la educación, el amor afectivo y las relaciones convencionales. Conclusión. El reconocimiento de las diferentes representaciones sociales de la salud sexual de los adolescentes oyentes y sordos se convierte en un reto para la Salud Pública en la medida que obliga a reconocer las necesidades y servicios, en este campo, desde una perspectiva diferencial. La salud sexual de las personas en situación de vulnerabilidad, es un asunto de Derechos Humanos, que cuestiona la manera de formular políticas en la actualidad, sobre todo cuando se desconoce la identidad como elemento fundamental de la sexualidad de estas personas. Abstract in english Objective. To describe and analyze the structure and content of the social representations of sexual health in three groups of adolescents: those who are deaf, those who use Colombian sign language (SLC), those with hearing, and deaf users of spoken Spanish, with the aim of considering the sexual he [...] alth of populations in conditions of vulnerability, and their application in the area of public health. Method. A process-oriented interpretative qualitative study was carried out, which employed analytical techniques using networks of associations, interviews and drawings. Results. Different representations of sexual health were found among the adolescents evaluated: those who were deaf, and users of SLC focused their representati
Laleh Pourmousavi; Mehdi Abdoly
Introduction: Public health’s increasing embrace of sexual life quality promotion is also evidenced by the explosion of sexual rights discourse, including the right to sexual pleasure and pleasure-centered sexual health promotion efforts. Different studies have examined Influence factors on this subject.Method: subjects were 270 married women in the age range of 18-45 years old. Sexual satisfaction and sexual function indexes beside demographic data have evaluated by formal known questioner...
This dissertation aims to contribute to a comprehensive explanation of sexual harassment by the investigation of three social-psychological processes, which seem to crucially contribute to the etiology of sexual harassment: motivation to sexually harass (e.g., power or sexuality), enabling processes (e.g., through diverse situational cues), and legitimization of sexually harassing behavior (e.g., by applying myths about sexual harassment). By consolidating these three processes into one multi...
Isabela Franco, Cavalcanti; Polyana da Nóbrega, Farias; Lucas, Ithamar; Vilma Maria da, Silva; Andrea, Lemos.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função sexual e os fatores associados à disfunção sexual de mulheres no período do climatério. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo de corte transversal incluindo 173 mulheres, na faixa etária de 35 a 65 anos, com parceiro fixo nos últimos 6 meses, alfabetizadas, sem comprometimen [...] to cognitivo e com atividade sexual há pelo menos 6 meses. O instrumento utilizado para avaliar o desempenho sexual foi o Quociente Sexual, versão feminina. A associação entre disfunção sexual e dados sociodemográficos, antecedentes pessoais e obstétricos e história sexual foi realizada por meio do teste do ?2 de Pearson e da força de associação, por meio do odds ratio (OR) com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Neste estudo, 46,2% das mulheres apresentaram disfunção sexual. Houve uma diminuição da chance de disfunção sexual para a faixa etária entre 35 e 49 anos (OR=0,3; IC95% 0,2–0,6) e para as mulheres que se sentiam à vontade para falar sobre sexo (OR=0,5; IC95% 0,2–0,8). Entretanto, presença de osteoporose (OR=3,3; IC95% 1,5–7,6), incontinência urinária (OR=2,0; IC95% 1,1–3,7) e correções cirúrgicas do assoalho pélvico (OR=2,2; IC95% 1,1–4,5) elevaram essa chance. CONCLUSÕES: A frequência de disfunção sexual em mulheres na faixa etária entre 35 e 65 anos foi 46,2% e fatores como osteoporose, incontinência urinária e correções cirúrgicas do assoalho pélvico aumentaram a chance de disfunção sexual. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the sexual function and factors associated with sexual dysfunction in climacteric women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 173 women aged 35 to 65 years old, with a steady partner during the last 6 months, who are literate, without cognitive impairment, and wi [...] th sexual activity for at least 6 months. The instrument used to assess sexual performance was the Sexual Quotient, female version. The association between sexual dysfunction and sociodemographic data, personal, obstetric and sexual history was determined by Pearson's ?2 test and strength of association by the odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS: In this study, 46.2% of the women reported sexual dysfunction. There was a decrease in the chance of sexual dysfunction for the age group between 35 and 49 years old (OR=0.3; 95%CI 0.2–0.6) and for women who felt comfortable talking about sex (OR=0.5; 95%CI 0.2–0.8). However, the presence of osteoporosis (OR=3.3; 95%CI 1.5–7.6), urinary incontinence (OR=2.0; 95%CI 1.1–3.7), and surgical corrections of the pelvic floor (OR=2.2; 95%CI 1.1–4.5) increased this chance. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of sexual dysfunction in women aged 35 to 65 years old was 46.2% and factors such as osteoporosis, urinary incontinence and surgical corrections of the pelvic floor increased the chance of sexual dysfunction.
Sandra Aparecida de, Almeida; Jordana de Almeida, Nogueira; Antonia Oliveira, Silva; Gilson Vasconcelos, Torres.
Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou analisar sob a ótica dos educadores de escolas públicas do ensino fundamental, como o tema "orientação sexual" vem sendo incorporado nas práticas pedagógicas. Participaram do estudo 23 professores da rede municipal de ensino de Cajazeiras, Paraíba. Elegeu-se o grup [...] o focal como técnica de investigação, e os dados empíricos obtidos foram organizados mediante análise de conteúdo temática. Constatou-se que há um esforço dos atores em privilegiar conteúdos relativos à orientação sexual no ambiente escolar, porém esses debates exigem que preliminarmente seja incentivado um aprofundamento de caráter informativo e subjetivo sobre "sexualidade", propiciando aos educadores um espaço para re-significações de sua internalidade e valores. A informação direcionada ao cuidado de si deve extrapolar os limites preventivistas e higienistas, incorporando metodologias extensivas, inclusivas e reflexivas, que reconheçam os direitos humanos e sociais e favoreçam a construção ética da cidadania. Abstract in spanish La investigación cualitativa objetivo analizar las perspectivas de los educadores de escuelas públicas de educación básica como el tema "orientación sexual" se ha incorporado as prácticas de enseñanza. Los participantes del estudio fueron 23 profesores de escuelas municipales de Cajazeiras, Paraíba, [...] Brasil. Fue elegido el grupo focal como técnica de investigación, y los datos obtenidos fueron organizados por el análisis de contenido temático. Se encontró que hay un esfuerzo de los actores en favor de contenidos relacionados con la orientación sexual en el entorno escolar, pero eso requiere que las discusiones preliminares debe alentar una profundización de carácter subjetivo sobre "sexualidad", proporcionando un espacio para que los educadores resignificación de interioridad y sus valores. Información dirigida a los cuidados personales debe trascender los límites de prevención e higienistas, incorporando metodologías amplia, inclusiva y reflexiva, que reconocen los derechos humanos y promover la construcción social y ético de ciudadanía. Abstract in english Qualitative research that aimed to analyze under the optics of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching, how the theme "sexual orientation" has been incorporated into pedagogic practices. Twenty three educators of municipal teaching of Cajazeiras' city, Paraíba, Brazil, took part of the [...] study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment, though it is required that preliminarily a depth of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be incentivized, propitiating to the educators a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits preventative and hygienists, incorporating methodologies extensive, inclusive and reflective, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship.
Lindgren, Kristen P.; Schacht, Rebecca L.; Pantalone, David W.; Blayney, Jessica A.; George, William H.
A qualitative study was conducted to understand college students' experiences and perceptions of sexual communication and sexual goals, and how they were affected by the transition from high school to college. Participants were heterosexual college students (N = 29). Single-sex focus groups were conducted and analyzed for themes. Major themes…
Nobre, Pedro J; Pinto-Gouveia, Jose
The influence of cognitive and emotional variables on specific female sexual dysfunctions was investigated. A total of 207 women (160 without sexual problems and 47 with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis of sexual dysfunction) answered a set of questionnaires assessing cognitive and emotional variables (cognitive schemas activated in sexual context - Questionnaire of Cognitive Schema Activation in Sexual Context (QCSASC); sexual beliefs - Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire (SDBQ); automatic thoughts and emotions presented during sexual activity - Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ)); and sexual functioning (Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)). Results indicated that most women with sexual dysfunction activate incompetence schemas when facing unsuccessful sexual situations. Additionally, lack of erotic thoughts and increased attentional focus on failure and disengagement thoughts during sexual activity were also common in the clinical sample. Besides these common factors, results showed that some specific cognitive and emotional factors are associated with different clinical presentations. Sexual conservative beliefs seem to be closely related to hypoactive sexual desire and to a certain extent to arousal difficulties in women. Body image beliefs and automatic thoughts focusing on self-body appearance seem to be strongly associated with orgasmic disorder. Regarding emotions, fear was one of the best predictors of vaginismus, whereas sadness, disillusion, guilt, and lack of pleasure and satisfaction were closely associated to hypoactive sexual desire. Overall, these findings may contribute to the discussion regarding the treatment strategies used for the different female sexual dysfunctions. PMID:18576234
Jangjoo, Ali; Darabi Mahboub, Mohammad Reza; Mehrabi Bahar, Mostafa; Afzalaghaee, Monavvar; Najib Jalali, Ali; Aliakbarian, Mohsen
Background: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of Stoppa hernia repair on sexual function of the patients with bilateral inguinal hernia. Methods: In a prospective follow-up study, 50 patients with bilateral inguinal hernia were investigated to assess sexual function before and 1 and 6 months after standardized Stoppa hernioplasty using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire. The mean scores obtained on pre- and postoperative visits for all domains of sexual function were analyzed and compared with the Friedman and paired Wilcoxon tests. Results: The mean score of IIEF at the first month after surgery was significantly declined compared to that before surgery and 6 months after surgery (P< 0.001), while the difference between preoperative score and the score at 6 months after surgery was not significant Conclusion: Bilateral inguinal mesh repair with Stoppa technique can decreased sexual activity of the patients at one month after surgery, nevertheless it returns to its initial condition at 6 months after surgery. This suggests that the Stoppa technique does not affect the sexual function of patients with bilateral inguinal hernia. PMID:25405114
Wen, Fangfang; Zuo, Bin; Wu, Yang; Sun, Shan; Liu, Ke
Previous researchers have documented that the color red enhances one's sexual attraction to the opposite sex. The current study further examined the moderating role of sexual dimorphism in red effects. The results indicated that red enhanced men's sexual attraction to women with more feminine facial characteristics but had no effect on ratings of perceived general attractiveness. Red clothing also had a marginally significant effect on men's sexual attractiveness. In addition, regardless of sexual dimorphism cues, male participants rated women with red as warmer and more competent. The underlying mechanisms of the red effect, the limitations of the current study, and suggestions for future directions are discussed. PMID:25300050
Gordon, Liahna E; Silva, Tony J
Building on Paula Rust's (1996) concept of a sexual landscape, we propose an interpretive theory of the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. We seek to reconcile human agency with active and shifting influences in social context and to recognize the inherent complexity of environmental factors while acknowledging the role that biological potential plays. We ground our model in the insights of three compatible and related theoretical perspectives: social constructionism, symbolic interactionism, and scripting theory. Within this framework, we explain how sexual orientation and sexual identities develop and potentially change. PMID:25397814
José, Urdaneta M; Lismar Adriana, Briceño Suárez; Maritza, Cepeda de Villalobos; Ciro, Montiel; Rafael, Marcucci J; Alfi, Contreras Benítez; Andrea, Mujica A; Nasser, Baabel Romero.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la función sexual (FS) de mujeres con prolapso genital (PG) antes y después de su reparación quirúrgica. Métodos: Investigación de tipo comparativa y aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, prospectivo y de campo, donde se evaluó la FS de mujeres con diagnóstico de PG antes y des [...] pués del tratamiento quirúrgico con técnicas convencionales, mediante el Cuestionario Sexual para Prolapso genital e Incontinencia Urinaria versión corta (PISQ-12). Resultados: Al comparar la FS antes y después de la cirugía reparadora del PG, se determinó que tanto la puntuación total del PISQ-12 (15,90 ± 6,51 vs. 32,17 ± 3,62) como las puntuaciones de las dimensiones respuesta sexual (5,87 ± 2,80 vs. 10,97 ± 2,80) y limitaciones sexuales femeninas (4,88 ± 3,90 vs. 16,77 ± 3,00) fueron significativamente más altas luego de la intervención quirúrgica (p0,05). Conclusiones: Las mujeres con PG presentan una pobre FS, la cirugía reparadora del PG por técnicas convencionales mejoró significativamente la FS de las pacientes con disfunción del piso pélvico, permitiéndoles obtener a estas mujeres una vida sexual más placentera, con mejoría de su calidad de vida. Abstract in english Objective: To compare sexual function (SF) of women with genital prolapse (GP) before and after surgical repair. Methods: This is a comparative and applied research with quasi-experimental, prospective and field design, which evaluated the SF of women diagnosed with PG before and after surgical trea [...] tment with conventional techniques, by the short version of the Prolapse and Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Results: When comparing the SF before and after surgical repair of GP, it was determined that both the total score of PIQS-12 (15.90 ± 6.51 vs. 32.17 ± 3.62) and the scores of the dimensions: sexual response (5.87 ± 2.80 vs. 10.97 ± 2.80) and female sexual limitations (4.88 ± 3.90 vs. 16.77 ± 3.00) were significantly higher after surgery (p0.05). Conclusions: Women with GP exhibit a poor SF, surgical repair of GP by conventional techniques significantly improves the SF of patients with pelvic floor dysfunction, allowing these women get sexual life more pleasant, which will impact on improving their quality of life.
Puri, Mahesh; Cleland, John
This article explores the extent of, and factors associated with, sexual harassment of young female migrant workers in the carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu Valley. Information is drawn from a survey of 550 female workers aged 14 to 19 and 12 in-depth case histories. Bivariate and multivariate techniques were applied to identify the…
Brown, Michael H.
States that the techniques of mental imagery can help adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse access the inner wisdom necessary to identify, understand, and creatively address issues from the past and develop new and healthier patterns of thinking and behaving. Documents the innovative ways psychosynthesis uses mental imagery with this client…
A queer theory perspective and grounded theory techniques were used to examine perceptions of counselor competency with sexual minority intimate partner violence victims. Ten counselors participated in two rounds of individual interviews. Results indicate that beneficial aspects of competency development occurred prior to, during, and after their…
Raja, Michele; Azzoni, Antonella
The aim of the present study was to investigate sexual behavior in population of psychiatric patients affected by schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder by means of an ad hoc questionnaire designed to explore the three phases of the sexual response: desire (or interest), arousal, and performance. The study assessed patients' attitude toward sexuality, several aspects of their sexual behavior, including patients' awareness of the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STD), contraceptive strategy preferred by patients, and sexual effects of psychotropic medication. Patients reported a high frequency of sexual dysfunction, in particular, hyposexuality. Schizophrenia diagnosis and female gender were associated with lower levels of sexual performance. The impact of psychotropic drugs on patients' sexuality was significant, with both positive and negative effects. Although 65.8% of patients reported to be concerned about the risk of contracting infections during sexual intercourse, most of them engaged in sexual behavior at high risk for acquisition and transmission of STD. Patients' compliance with contraceptive measures was poor. PMID:12711402
The assumption of a twofold cost of sex not only complicates the maintenance of sex but also sets conditions for sexual conflict: in organisms with the twofold cost, males often sexually harass females. Sexual harassment is detrimental to female fitness and thus might help maintain sexual populations if male harassment inflicts a harsher cost on parthenogens than on sexual females (asymmetric harassment cost). However, the generality of this concept is now considered doubtful because selective harassment of parthenogens results in loss of mating opportunities for males. Using three mathematical models, I show here that sexual harassment still can impose the asymmetric cost on parthenogens. First, I apply the Lotka-Volterra model to show the degree of asymmetric harassment cost that permits sex to be maintained stably in the population. Second, using adaptive dynamics, I examine whether sexually antagonistic coevolution for sexual harassment, which occurs only in sexual populations, can promote the asymmetric harassment cost. Finally, an individual-based model, which assumes a spatial structure unlike that in the other two, demonstrates that the asymmetric evolution of harassment cost prevents further invasions of parthenogens from different patches into sexual lineages; these mechanisms may account for allopatric distributions of sexual and parthenogenetic lineages as well as the maintenance of sex. PMID:23348776
Juan Carlos Sierra
Full Text Available La culpabilidad sexual es un factor determinante de la conducta sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la culpabilidad sexual en una muestra de 594 jóvenes salvadoreños con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, seleccionados mediante un procedimiento no aleatorio, con el propósito de determinar la influencia que sobre la misma tienen una serie de variables sociodemográficas y de actitudes hacia la sexualidad. Los participantes contestaron el Inventario de Culpabilidad Sexual Revisado de Mosher, la Escala de Opinión Sexual, la Escala Hurlbert de Fantasías Sexuales y el Inventario de Actitudes Negativas hacia la Masturbación. Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron que la culpabilidad sexual está determinada, entre otros factores, por las actitudes hacia las fantasías sexuales, la erotofilia, las actitudes negativas hacia la masturbación y por la experiencia sexual en este orden, siendo más importantes las variables actitudinales que las sociodemográficas. Los resultados de estudios como éste sirven para analizar el papel de la culpabilidad sexual en la sexualidad humana y desarrollar futuros programas de educación sexual para adolescentes.
Schmidt, Alexander F; Gykiere, Kim; Vanhoeck, Kris; Mann, Ruth E; Banse, Rainer
To aid risk assessment, management, and treatment planning it is essential to assess child sexual abusers' deviant sexual interests (DSI) and preferences (DSP) for sex with children. However, measurement of DSI/DSP is fraught with psychometric problems. In consequence, research interest has shifted to latency-based indirect measures as a measurement approach to complement self-report and physiological assessment. Utilizing the Explicit and Implicit Sexual Interest Profile (EISIP)-a multimethod approach consisting of self-report, viewing time, and Implicit Association Test (IAT) DSI/DSP measures-we replicated phallometric DSI/DSP differences between child sexual abuser subgroups in a sample of intrafamilial, extrafamilial, and child pornography offenders. DSI/DSP was associated with recidivism risk, offense-behavioral measures of pedophilic interest, and sexual fantasizing. It also negatively correlated with antisociality. Distinguishing between child sexual abuser subtypes and being related to recidivism risk, the EISIP is a useful tool for sexual offender assessments. PMID:23524323
Bosinski, H A G
Men's sexual health can be impaired by a variety of sexual disorders, including numerous sexual dysfunctions (primary or due to general medical conditions or their treatment), but also paraphilias and gender identity disorders. These different disorders are often interwoven. This paper offers an overview of the prevalence, symptoms, and etiological factors of major sexual-medical disorders and of the basics of diagnostics and therapy. Special emphasis is given to the couple dimension and the biopsychosocial foundation of human sexuality, which requires an interdisciplinary approach. The paper argues for an improvement of continuing education in sexual medicine for healthcare providers in an effort to satisfy patients' needs for preservation or restoration of sexual health as a major component of quality of life. PMID:23361206
McDaniels-Wilson, Cathy; Belknap, Joanne
A growing body of research reports on the lifetime prevalence of sexual victimization experiences among incarcerated women. However, none of this research provides a detailed account of the many types and levels of sexual violations and sexual abuses, the age of occurrence, and the victim-offender relationship. This study used the Sexual Abuse Checklist (designed by the first author) and a modified version of the Sexual Experiences Survey (SES) to obtain a detailed account of 391 incarcerated women's self-reported sexual violation and abuse histories. Seventy percent of the women reported at least one violation consistent with what qualifies as "rape" in most states in the United States today, and half of the women reported child sexual abuse victimization. The most prevalent victim-offender relationships were male strangers, male lovers or boyfriends, male dates, husbands, uncles, brothers, male cousins, and stepfathers. PMID:18757348
Leclerc, Bianca; Bergeron, Sophie; Brassard, Audrey; Bélanger, Claude; Steben, Marc; Lambert, Bernard
Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) is a prevalent women's sexual pain disorder, which is associated with sexual function difficulties. Attachment theory has been used to understand adult sexual outcomes, providing a useful framework for examining sexual adaptation in couples confronted with PVD. Research to date indicates that anxious and avoidant attachment dimensions correlate with worse sexual outcomes in community and clinical samples. The present study examined the association between attachment, pain, sexual function, and sexual satisfaction in a sample of 101 couples in which the women presented with PVD. The actor-partner interdependence model was used in order to investigate both actor and partner effects. This study also examined the role of sexual assertiveness as a mediator of these associations via structural equation modeling. Women completed measures of pain intensity and both members of the couple completed measures of romantic attachment, sexual assertiveness, sexual function, and satisfaction. Results indicated that attachment dimensions did not predict pain intensity. Both anxious and avoidant attachment were associated with lower sexual satisfaction. Only attachment avoidance predicted lower sexual function in women. Partner effects indicated that higher sexual assertiveness in women predicted higher sexual satisfaction in men. Finally, women's sexual assertiveness was found to be a significant mediator of the relationship between their attachment dimensions, sexual function, and satisfaction. Findings highlight the importance of examining how anxious and avoidant attachment may lead to difficulties in sexual assertiveness and to less satisfying sexual interactions in couples where women suffer from PVD. PMID:24777439
Broadbear, James T.; Broadbear, Barbara C.
Sexuality education in schools continues to be a controversial issue although public debate has seemingly calmed in recent years. Dialogue about the value and purpose of sexuality education for adolescents can provide health education specialists a better understanding of public opinion and online discussion may be a potentially ideal way to…
Baird, Scott Everet
Haldane's rule in C. briggsae x C. remanei broods was caused by sexual transformation; XX and XO hybrids were female. C. briggsae and C. remanei variants that partially suppress hybrid sexual transformation were identified. Effects of variant strains were cumulative. Hence, aberrant sex determination is a reproductive isolation mechanism in Caenorhabditis.
Sexual harassment in schools is a public event, which means that there are witnesses, bystanders, and spectators to many of these occurrences. This paper argues that because sexual harassment is a public event, it is very damaging to its targets as well as bystanders by teaching others that schools are not safe or just. Schools may also serve as…
Cameron-Lewis, Vanessa; Allen, Louisa
Sexuality education and preventive sexual abuse education emerged from different historical moments and social movements. Consequently, they are often taught as separate subjects in secondary schools. This paper seeks to highlight how this separation denies space for young people to grapple with the concept of consent, the art of negotiation, the…
Ryu, Eunjung; Kim, Kyunghee; Kwon, Hyejin
Background: The proportion of adolescents experiencing unwanted pregnancy and abortion caused by the premature initiation of sexual intercourse is increasing at an alarming rate in Korea. This study aimed at developing a theoretical model for identifying individual and environmental risk factors affecting the initiation of sexual intercourse by…
De Bellis, Michael D.; Spratt, Eve G.; Hooper, Stephen R.
Child maltreatment appears to be the single most preventable cause of mental illness and behavioral dysfunction in the United States. Few published studies examine the developmental and the psychobiological consequences of sexual abuse. There are multiple mechanisms through which sexual abuse can cause post-traumatic stress disorder, activate…
Berkowitz, Carol D.
Reviews the research on medical sequelae of child sexual abuse; identifies unanswered questions; and suggests areas of research, including prospective studies of child sexual abuse, follow-up of victims, studies of nonclinic populations, studies of male victims, examination of additional variables (such as regional variation and age), diseases…