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Consequences of Different Hysterectomy Techniques in Sexual Behavior?A Systematic Review  

OpenAIRE

We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the influence of different hysterectomy techniques in the sexual behavior of women who underwent. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL and LILACS for studies between the years 1998 and 2010 that prospectively examined the sexuality after hysterectomy. Those that were not...

Ana Fátima Fernandes; Ana Izabel Nicolau; Camila Vasconcelos; Pricilla Alves; Ana Karina Pinheiro; Namie Sawada; Cristina Maria Galvão; Camila Moreira

2014-01-01

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Sexual dysfunctions among people living with aids in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction symptoms in patients with HIV have not been fully investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sexual dysfunction symptoms and AIDS among participants in the Brazilian Sex Life Study. METHODS: The Brazilian Sex Life Study is a cross-sectional population study. The participants answered an anonymous self-responsive inquiry. It was applied to a population sample in 18 large Brazilian cities. Answers given by those who reported having AIDS (75 were compared with those who reported not having AIDS (control; 150. This was a case-control study nested in a cross-sectional population study. RESULTS: In females, AIDS was associated with "sexual inactivity over the last 12 months" and "does not maintain sexual arousal until the end of the sex act" (P < 0.05 after adjusting for race and thyroid disease. Compared to the control group, men with AIDS had more difficulty becoming sexually aroused (they required more help from their partner to begin the sex act, they required longer foreplay than they wished, they reported losing sexual desire before the end of the sex act, and they required longer to ejaculate than they desired (P < 0.05. After adjusting for sexual orientation, sex hormone deficiency, depression, and alcoholism, only "does not have sexual desire," "have longer foreplay," and dyspareunia were associated with AIDS. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The results support the hypothesis that sexual dysfunctions are associated with AIDS. Men with AIDS need more time and stimulation to develop a sexual response, and a significant portion (37% of women with AIDS reported sexual inactivity over the last 12 months.

Marco de Tubino Scanavino

2010-01-01

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Rape shield laws and sexual behavior evidence: effects of consent level and women's sexual history on rape allegations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rape shield laws, which limit the introduction of sexual history evidence in rape trials, challenge the view that women with extensive sexual histories more frequently fabricate charges of rape than other women. The present study examined the relationship between women's actual sexual history and their reporting rape in hypothetical scenarios. Female participants (college students and a community sample, which included women working as prostitutes and topless dancers, and women living in a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center) imagined themselves in dating scenarios that described either a legally definable act of rape or consensual sexual intercourse. Additionally, within the rape scenarios, level of consensual intimate contact (i.e., foreplay) preceding rape was examined to determine its influence on rape reporting. Women were less likely to say that they would take legal action in response to the rape scenarios if they had extensive sexual histories, or if they had consented to an extensive amount of intimate contact before the rape. In response to the consensual sexual intercourse scenarios, women with more extensive sexual histories were not more likely to say that they would report rape, even when the scenario provided them with a motive for seeking revenge against their dating partner. PMID:16902812

Flowe, Heather D; Ebbesen, Ebbe B; Putcha-Bhagavatula, Anila

2007-04-01

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Radical cystectomy with preservation of sexual function and urinary continence: description of a new technique  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the original cystoprostatectomy technique which allows the preservation of sexual and urinary function in the majority of treated patients. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The described technique presents some details that distinguish it from classic cystectomy: 1 a more efficient control of prostate venous and arterial tributaries; 2 preservation of prostatic capsule and enucleation of prostatic parenchyma, which is removed in block together with the bladder, without violating the vesical neck; 3 no manipulation of the distal urethral sphincteric complex; 4 preservation of seminal vesicles and maintenance of cavernous neurovascular bundles; 5 wide anastomosis between the ileal neobladder and the prostatic capsule. COMMENTS: The proposed maneuvers allow the performance of radical cystectomy with integral preservation of distal urethral sphincter and of cavernous neurovascular bundles, without jeopardizing the oncological principles.

Miguel Srougi

2003-01-01

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Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior  

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Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54 e mulheres (n = 54 com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de Identidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres.This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54 and female (n = 54 participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

Fernando Luiz Cardoso

2009-12-01

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General characteristics of adolescent sexual behavior: National survey  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Investigation of adolescent sexual behavior carried out on a large sample is primarily motivated by health and social problems which can occur when young people practice sex without protection and necessary information. There is no data that the national study on adolescent sexual behavior has been conducted in the Serbian speaking area. Objective. Monitoring and follow-up of trends in adolescent sexual behavior. Methods. The investigation sample comprised 1101 adolescents (472 male and 629 female, aged 13-25 years. As an instrument of polling, the questionnaire 'Sexual Behavior' was used specifically designed for the purpose of this investigation. Results. Eighty-four percent of males and 65% of females reported having sexual experience. The age of the first sexual experience, total number of partners, number of sexual partners in the last year and the last month were investigated, and the number of loved and sexual partner compared. In addition, the length of foreplay, frequency of sexual activity, masturbation, sexual dreams and sexual daydreams and engagement into alternative sexual activities (oral sex, anal sex, group sex, exchange of partners were estimated, as well as the reasons for their practicing. Sexual desire and its correlation with personality dimensions, the frequency of sexual disorders (erectile and ejaculation problems, anorgasmia, abortion, rape and identification of the rapist, the use of condoms and other methods of contraception were assessed. Conclusion. It could be postulated that biological influence on sexual behavior is powerful and resistant to the influence of time and place, as well as socio-cultural religious influences. A high rate of premarital sexual activity with a number of sexual partners, a relatively low rate of condom use and the fact that 4% of the female adolescents in this sample had an induced abortion suggest that there are gaps in the education provided to adolescents about sexual and reproductive risks within the Serbian speaking territory. An alarming statistic is that 5% of the female adolescents in this sample reported that they had been raped, or forced to participate in non-consensual sex within an ongoing relationship with a regular partner. There is a need for systemic changes within the field of sexual education and protection from sexually risky behavior among young adults.

Stankovi? Miodrag

2009-01-01

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The Turn the Tables Technique (T[cube]): A Program Activity to Provide Group Facilitators Insight into Teen Sexual Behaviors and Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

The Turn the Tables Technique (T[cube]) is an activity designed to provide group facilitators who lead HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion programs with detailed and current information on teenagers' sexual behaviors and beliefs. This information can be used throughout a program to tailor content. Included is a detailed lesson plan of…

Sclafane, Jamie Heather; Merves, Marni Loiacono; Rivera, Angelic; Long, Laura; Wilson, Ken; Bauman, Laurie J.

2012-01-01

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- Comportamiento sexual de toros en la sala de monta según Las técnicas de refrenamiento (Sexual behavior of bulls in the mounting-room according to restraint techniques  

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Full Text Available Resumen. Se investigaron 104 toros de diferentes razas sometidos a régimen de inseminación artificial, con el objetivo de evaluar el comportamiento sexual en la sala de monta según las técnicas de refrenamiento utilizadas. La duración promedio del tiempo de permanencia de los toros en la sala de espera osciló entre 30,1 y 40 minutos; se apreciaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la duración del preludio eyaculatorio según las razas, cuantitativamente más importantes en los toros Brown Swiss (3,86 min. y Cebú (6,4 min.; la duración del tiempo de reacción fue más eficiente en los toros mestizos 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Cebú, por ser más cortos y con menor variabilidad; el promedio de montas falsas permitidas indica más de dos saltos falsos por monta. El coeficiente de correlación lineal entre la masa corporal según las razas y el tiempo de reacción fue de r = 0,03 y el de la edad entre el tiempo de reacción de r = 0,05. Se concluyó que el tiempo de reacción de la mayoría de los toros pudo ser afectado por el inadecuado manejo en la duración del refrenamiento pasivo en la sala de espera y el número excesivo de montas falsas permitidas. Sumary. For this work 104 bulls of different breeds subjected to artificial insemination regime were used with the objective of evaluating their sexual behavior in the mounting-room with the use of restraint techniques. The duration average of the time of permanency of the bulls in the waiting-room oscillated between 30.1 and 40 minutes; differences were appreciated statistically significant in the duration of the prelude ejaculatory according to the races, quantitatively more important in Brown Swiss (3.86 min. and Zebu (6.4 min. bulls; the duration of the time of reaction was more efficient in crossbred 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Zebu bulls, for being shorter and with less variability; the average of allowed false mounts indicated more than two false jumps per mount. The coefficient of lineal correlation between the corporal mass, according to the races and the time of reaction, was of r = 0.03 and that of the age between the time of reaction was r = 0.05. It was concluded that the reaction time of most of the bulls could be affected by the inadequate handling in the duration of the passive restraint in the waiting-room and by the excessive number of allowed false mounts.

Luis O. Alba Gómez

2006-02-01

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Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual / Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54) e mulheres (n = 54) com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de I [...] dentidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres. Abstract in english This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54) and female (n = 54) participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. [...] The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

Fernando Luiz, Cardoso; Ana Carolina, Savall; Samantha, Sabbag; Aline Knepper, Mendes; Thais Silva, Beltrame.

2009-12-01

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A comparison of survey techniques on sensitive sexual behavior in Italy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article compares two national surveys carried out through the most commonly used procedures in Italy: CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews) and SAQ-FI (self-answered questionnaires following interviews). Both surveys ask two identical questions concerning sensitive sexual behavior: early age at first intercourse and same-sex attraction. The SAQ-FI survey had both unit non-response and item non-response rates much lower than the CATI survey. Moreover, in the CATI survey, the groups with highest item non-response rates were also the groups with the lowest proportions of early intercourse and homosexual attraction. In addition, a differential analysis of the respondents produced diverse results for the two surveys. This is especially true of results by gender for same-sex attraction: Such behavior is more common among men (3.1%) than women (2.9%), according to the CATI survey, whereas the opposite is true of the SAQ-FI survey (6.1% of men vs. 7.7% women). In Italy at the beginning of the 21st century, CATI surveys reveal a lower level of early intercourse and same-sex attraction than SAQ-FI surveys. This article argues that the CATI survey underestimates the true level of these sensitive sexual behaviors in the Italian population. PMID:22816489

Caltabiano, Marcantonio; Dalla-Zuanna, Gianpiero

2013-01-01

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A relação sexual como uma técnica corporal: representações masculinas dos relacionamentos afetivo-sexuais Sex as body technique: male representations of affective and sexual relationships  

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Full Text Available Analisamos a iniciação sexual masculina como um momento de aquisição de conhecimento, com base em 62 entrevistas de cunho etnográfico com homens jovens (18-24 anos residentes em Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador, Brasil, numa etapa da Pesquisa GRAVAD. Adotando uma perspectiva antropológica e comparativa, o exame dos relatos da primeira experiência amorosa e sexual revela que a primeira experiência sexual dos homens é um aprendizado corporal e social, através do qual os jovens adquirem conhecimento técnico sobre o uso de seus corpos e habilidade para se relacionar com outros, especialmente as mulheres. Estes são importantes demarcadores no processo de passagem à vida adulta. Consideramos, além de diferenças em termos de pertença a diferentes segmentos sócio-econômicos, as relações de gênero, especialmente modelos de masculinidade, demonstrando que a primeira relação sexual de um jovem é um momento social e simbolicamente marcante, que não se limita a um evento isolado, sendo, pelo contrário, uma experiência que envolve aprendizados de diferentes ordens e que integra um processo de se tornar homem.The authors analyze male sexual initiation as a time of acquiring knowledge, based on 62 ethnographic interviews with young men (18-24 years in the cities of Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador, Brazil, as a stage in the GRAVAD Research Project. Adopting an anthropological and comparative perspective, the reports show that men's first sexual experience is a process of physical and social learning by which they acquire technical knowledge on the use of their bodies and skill to relate to others, especially women. These are important milestones in the passage to adulthood. In addition to differences in belonging to various socioeconomic segments, the authors focus on gender relations, especially models of masculinity, demonstrating that a young man's first sexual intercourse is a socially and symbolically striking moment, not limited to a single event, but an experience that involves different levels of learning as part of the process of becoming a man.

Andréa Fachel Leal

2006-07-01

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The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

Antonio C. Pinto

2007-12-01

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The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied [...] using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

Antonio C., Pinto; Fabio, Baracat; Nelson D., Montellato; Anuar I., Mitre; Antonio M., Lucon; Miguel, Srougi.

2007-12-01

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What Would Your Journal Say if It Could Talk Back? Using Dialogue Journals as a Technique in Adolescent HIV/STI Prevention and Sexual Health Promotion Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Dialogue journaling is a technique that is useful for enhancing the goals of sexual health promotion and HIV/STI prevention programs with 14-to 17-year-old at-risk youth. Included is a detailed lesson plan on how to implement dialogue journaling in this context, a discussion of advantages and concerns about using them, and future implications for…

Sclafane, Jamie Heather

2013-01-01

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Clitoral therapy device for treatment of sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of the clitoral therapy device (Eros Therapy) in alleviating sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. Methods and materials: Eligible patients had a history of cervical cancer treated with radiotherapy and self-reported sexual dysfunction of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders. Patients used the noninvasive, nonpharmacologic clitoral therapy device using a hand-held, battery-powered vacuum to cause clitoral engorgement four times weekly for 3 months during foreplay and self-stimulation. Study instruments included the Female Sexual Function Index, Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The outcome evaluation was performed at 3 months. Results: Between 2001 and 2002, 15 women were enrolled and 13 completed the study. The median patient age and radiotherapy-enrollment interval was 43.5 years and 2 years, respectively. At baseline, all patients reported symptoms of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, and some also had sexual desire and pain disorders. At 3 months, statistically significant improvements were seen in all domains tested, including sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and reduced pain. The median Female Sexual Function Index total score increased from 17 to 29.4 (maximal score, 36; p <0.001). The median Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total raw score increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score,re increased from 46 to 95 (maximal score, 118; p <0.001). At baseline, the Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning total T-score corresponded to the bottom 10th percentile of normal sexual functioning. At 3 months, the total T-score placed the patients at the normalcy cutoff. Gynecologic examinations revealed improved mucosal color and moisture and vaginal elasticity and decreased bleeding and ulceration. Conclusion: Our results from this pilot study suggest that the clitoral therapy device may alleviate sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. A randomized, controlled trial is warranted to assess the full benefits of this approach

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Sexual Violence  

Science.gov (United States)

... made to penetrate someone else, sexual coercion, unwanted sexual contact, or non-contact unwanted sexual experiences, in the ... K , Gist J, Batten E, Hall I, & Smith S. Intimate partner sexual assault against women: Frequency, health consequences & treatment outcomes. ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... desire disorders, arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual pain disorders. If you are experiencing problems viewing this ... disorders, sexual arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual pain disorders. We’ll discuss each of these briefly. ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... ways to keep sex special and exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work ... a “maintenance therapy” that is applied regularly. Sexual aids, also known as “sex toys” can be used ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... concerns with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. ... a healthcare professional. Although sexual problems can be complex, there are a variety of treatments that can ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the sexual setting by enhancing communication with your partner, promoting non-sexual intimacy, and finding ways to keep sex special and exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... reducing stress, improving self-esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part ... his or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual ...

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Internet Sexualities  

Science.gov (United States)

The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

Döring, Nicola

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is ... or the body may return to its unexcited state, called resolution. There are also physical changes during ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... that are advertised to improve sexual performance or satisfaction. These products are not regulated by the FDA, ... vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... provider or sexual counselor. Let’s begin with some definitions and explanations. Sexuality is the experience and/or ... persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.” The concept of “sex,” is difficult to define and varies ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... your concerns with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used together to treat a problem. Education is ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... phobia or fear. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder, or HSDD, is having little or no sexual fantasies and ... duration and life cycle. The clinical diagnosis of HSDD is subjective and takes into account the person’s ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... lifetime. The World Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... defined sexual health as “…a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to ... a women’s response intertwines both her physical and emotional sexual drive. This would explain how women can ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... of low desire in women, there is some evidence that it may improve sexual experiences in postmenopausal ... men with low testosterone levels, there is some evidence that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... person as a sexual being. It involves the complex interplay of sex (whether a person is biologically ... arousal. Because a woman’s sexual response is more complex and circuitous than that of a man, and ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... duration. With premature ejaculation, a man ejaculates with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration. ... absorbed into the skin. Moisturizers are a “maintenance therapy” that is applied regularly. Sexual aids, also known ...

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Adolescent Sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article offers a medical and psychosocial perspective of adolescent sexual development. Sub-types of sexual development are discussed as well as treatment implications for allied health providers. (Contains 38 references.) (Author)

Sharpe, Thomasina H.

2003-01-01

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... is mentally aroused and feels sexual arousal from non-genital stimulation, but she lacks physiologic arousal or ... setting by enhancing communication with your partner, promoting non-sexual intimacy, and finding ways to keep sex ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For ... most important is that a sexual experience is safe, healthy, and enjoyable. Sexual health is a vital part of a person’s ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... can greatly influence how a person functions sexually. Social and interpersonal factors that can affect sexual function include relationship problems, religious beliefs, cultural beliefs, and one’s upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

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Techniques Used in Forensic Psychological Examinations in Cases of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse / Tecnicas Utilizadas en las Pericias Psicologicas en Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil / Tecnicas Utilizadas nas Pericias Psicologicas em Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atualmente, não há um protocolo padronizado para avaliação de situações de abuso sexual. Neste sentido, este estudo investigou as técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos na prática pericial em casos de suspeita de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil no contexto da investigação criminal. Doze psicólogos que atua [...] m como peritos nos Institutos Médico-Legais de seis capitais brasileiras foram entrevistados com entrevistas semi-estruturadas, que foram analisadas qualitativamente com o auxílio do software WebQDA. Os resultados apresentaram uma diversidade de ações empreendidas na prática pericial, assim como a presença de consensos e controvérsias em relação ao uso de testes psicológicos e da avaliação da credibilidade do relato. Também foi observada flexibilidade por parte das equipes na condução das perícias, adaptando as técnicas de acordo com as necessidades. Destaca-se a importância da diversidade técnica, que visa a auxiliar o perito na busca de conclusões confiáveis, bem como a manter o rigor técnico e a qualidade das avaliações. Abstract in spanish Actualmente, no hay un protocolo estandarizado para evaluación de situaciones de abuso sexual. En este sentido, este estudio investigó las técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos en la práctica pericial en casos de sospecha de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil en el contexto de la investigación criminal. Fuer [...] on utilizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas con doce psicólogos que actúan como peritos en los Institutos Médico-Legales de seis capitales brasileñas, que fueron analizadas cualitativamente con el auxilio del software WebQDA. Los resultados presentaron una diversidad de acciones emprendidas en la práctica pericial, así como la presencia de consensos y controversias en relación al uso de pruebas psicológicas y evaluación de la credibilidad del relato. También fue observada flexibilidad por parte de los equipos en la conducción de las pericias, adaptando las técnicas de acuerdo con las necesidades. Se destaca la importancia de la diversidad técnica, que visa a auxiliar el perito en la búsqueda de conclusiones confiables, así como a mantener el rigor técnico y la calidad de las evaluaciones. Abstract in english Currently, there is no standardized protocol for the evaluation of situations of sexual abuse. Thus, this study investigated the techniques used by psychologists in forensic examinations in cases of suspected child and adolescent sexual abuse in the context of the criminal investigation. Semi-struct [...] ured interviews, which were qualitatively analyzed using the WebQDA software, were applied with twelve psychologists who work as expert witnesses in the Medical-Legal Institute of six Brazilian capitals. The results showed a diversity of actions taken in the forensic examination practice, as well as consensus and controversy regarding the use of psychological testing and the credibility assessment of the report. Flexibility in conducting the forensic examinations by the teams was also observed, with the techniques used adapted according to the needs. The importance of the diversity of techniques was highlighted, as these aim to assist the expert witness to come to reliable conclusions, as well as maintain the rigor and technical quality of the evaluation.

Lara Lages, Gava; Debora Dalbosco, DellAglio.

2013-09-01

39

[Adolescence and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

Different pathological states occurring during adolescence, such as anorexia, bulimia and suicidal attempts are seen as possible manifestations of psychological defence mechanisms against the anxiety-provoking bodily changes of puberty and the necessary psychological transformations inherent to adolescence and sexual maturation. The changes of object of desire and some sexual risk behaviours are illustrated by clinical vignettes. Music is suggested to play a role in the mobilisation of emotions, bodily sensations and in the construction of an imaginary world and thus to be a factor--a part from biological and psycho-social ones--influencing the sexual behaviour of adolescents. Some communication techniques are suggested enabling access to adolescents on sexual matters - a domain of increasing public health importance. PMID:16615726

Kjellberg, G

2006-03-22

40

Sexual behaviour.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual health is not merely the absence of disease, but the ability to have informed, consensual, safe, respectful, and pleasurable sexual relationships. The majority of the population are sexually active, most with someone of the opposite sex. The frequency and range of sexual practices that people engage in declines with age, but for many, sexual activity continues well into later life. Different aspects of sexual health affect people at different times throughout their lives. As people in the UK tend to first have sex around the age of 16, but do not start living with a partner until much later, the avoidance of sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancy is necessary for many for a number of years. As people get older, their sexual health needs change and they become more concerned with the impact of their general health on their ability to have sex. Some people experience non-volitional sex (sex against their will); although this occurs typically in late teenage it may affect women and men at any age and so requires consideration throughout life. As many people find it difficult to talk about sex and sexual health matters, health professionals should make sexual health enquiry a component of their holistic healthcare. PMID:24966786

Mercer, Catherine H

2014-06-01

41

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... testosterone levels, there is some evidence that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, ...

42

Psychological Assessment through Performance-Based Techniques and Self-Reports: A Case Study of a Sexually Abused Girl at Preschool Age  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological…

Khalily, Muhammad Tahir; Hallahan, Brian

2011-01-01

43

Sexual health: understanding sexual health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual health is a basic human right. It includes the physical aspects of people's sexual lives (such as pregnancy, childbirth, and sexually transmitted diseases); the emotional relationships which allow us to develop as full human beings; and also reproductive health and all the decisions concerned with having or not having children and how this affects our lives and bodies. Like many other human rights, however, the right to sexual health is denied or abused, through social, political, economic, cultural, or psychological forces. Sexual health should be seen as an aspect of development, meeting the real needs of individuals, while facilitating community action for social change. Programs working on issues concerning sexual health and development must go beyond sexuality and self-awareness, and aim to facilitate a process of community action for social change. Many of the issues around sexual health are best dealt with through an integrated approach. Organization of community discussion groups on related topics such as self-awareness or other aspects of sexual health is a small, but significant, way to start the process. PMID:12222418

Hughes, H

1994-01-01

44

Adolescent sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexuality should be viewed as a continuum beginning from infancy throughtout life. The pediatrician, having been the observer and recorder of growth and development since the birth of a child can contribute to the teenager's development of a healthy sexual identity and body image. The pediatrician can take several approaches to the sexual history of adolescence: 1) preventive approach--teaching youngsters to examine his testes or her breasts; discussing furture risks of pregnancy or venereal disease; 2) physical developmental approach--discussing physical changes which may be accompanied by new feeling that are sexual in nature; and 3) social developmental approach--tactfully discussing dating patterns of teenagers to obtain information on adolescent sexual thoughts; concerns and behavior. Although pediatricians relate best to parents, the significant 'other' (the steady boyfriend) should also be involved in counseling. Compliance is unlikely if the sexual partner does not believe in birth control. As development of sexuality in the adolescents are related to physical developments development of intrafamilial and peer relations, and cognitive function and personality the pediatrician must be knowledgeable about these areas. Rape and homosexuality are also discussed. PMID:396773

Litt, I F; Cohen, M I

1979-01-01

45

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Medical therapy may include hormone therapy, antidepressants, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, ... group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, often reduce sexual desire and response. ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and 4) other causes of sexual pain that include conditions of the penis, such as phimosis or ... lifestyle modification can positively impact sex. This can include healthy living, maintaining a normal body weight, exercising, ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sexual response in men. During arousal, a man’s penis becomes filled with blood, causing it to rise ... of clear liquid at the tip of the penis. While all this is happening, many other changes ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... of sexual pain that include conditions of the penis, such as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and ... vestibulectomy. Penile implants are devices inserted inside the penis that allow men with erectile dysfunction to get ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and be a source of immense pleasure and satisfaction. Sex also has many other positive health benefits, ... upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... keeping a balanced diet, and minimizing and relieving stress. You can optimize the sexual setting by enhancing ... break if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction between tissues but they are different from ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and a woman. Other sexual activities, such as oral sex, anal sex, mutual masturbation, etc., can be ... t be afraid to talk with a health care professional. Everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the woman does not experience physiologic or subjective (mental) arousal. In missed arousal disorder, women have physiologic ... specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have specialized training in working ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... abdomen. Also during this phase, many non-genital changes occur; a woman’s nipples become erect, her blood ... unexcited state, called resolution. There are also physical changes during the sexual response in men. During arousal, ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... viewing this embedded video, please click here . Transcript Sex and sexuality are important issues for many people, regardless of their age, sex, or gender. Although many people are embarrassed or ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Kegel exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles of the pelvic floor ... that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... that is, no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is ... fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by ...

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Sexual Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

... that is, no pleasurable sexual sensations in her clitoris or vagina. Male erectile disorder, or ED, is ... fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... women and 31% of men have experienced some type of sexual concern. Some common concerns are a decrease or loss of interest in sex, the inability to become aroused, problems ...

59

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... proposed to improve libido in women, however more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety. ... shown to improve sexual desire. In a small study of nondepressed women and men with desire and ...

60

Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

... Neglect Ramsey-Klawsnik, H. (1996). Assessing physical and sexual abuse in health care settings. In L.A. Baumhover & S.C. Beall (Eds.) Abuse, neglect and exploitation of older persons: Strategies for assessment and intervention, ( ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many different types of lubricants are ... if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction between tissues but they are different from lubricants ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ... everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... be due to many factors, including physical, psychological, medical conditions, or medications. Men with male orgasmic disorder ... very uncommon, and is usually due to a medical condition. There are 4 categories of male sexual ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... and counseling may involve individual and couples sessions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sensate focus, which are types ... training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, ... were given sildenafil in studies also had increased blood flow to the genitals, this did not result ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... This specialist may be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it ... providers who have specialized training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... Kegel exercises, biofeedback therapy, and pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Kegel exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles ... addition to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain and urinary incontinence. Medical ...

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Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... used to enhance sexual pleasure. There are many devices that fall under this category, including vibrators, dilators, and clitoral devices. Vibrators and dildos can be used by men ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... increase strength and tone. Biofeedback therapy involves the placement of biofeedback sensors that allow an individual to “ ... are many other herbs, supplements, and other “natural” products that are advertised to improve sexual performance or ...

70

Sexual Jealousy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for women. Dozens of studies have documented sex-differentiated design features of jealousy: The relative upset about sexual and emotional aspects of infidelity; processing speed and memorial recall of sexual and emotional infidelity cues; physiological distress to sexual and emotional infidelity cues; qualities of same-sex rivals that evoke jealousy, such as superior job prospects versus greater physical attractiveness; triggers of mate retention tactics; jealous interrogations following the discovery of infidelity; and whether an infidelity produces forgiveness or breakup. Although showing all the hallmarks of evolved functionality, sexual jealousy also leads to tremendous destruction, from humiliation to homicide. By these scientific theoretical and empirical criteria, sexual jealousy is properly considered not only "basic" but also "one of the most important emotions".

David M. Buss

2013-09-01

71

Morphometric sexual dimorphism of human sternum in a north Indian autopsy sample: sexing efficacy of different statistical techniques and a comparison with other sexing methods.  

Science.gov (United States)

Forensic anthropologists have proposed different sex determination methods based on metric and non-metric skeletal features of various bones. The main objective of the present investigation was to evaluate sexual dimorphism in human sternum and make comparative analysis based on studies by several workers who used different methodologies and techniques. For this study, 343 sternums were collected and examined from 252 male and 91 female cadavers of a north Indian population. Significant differences were noticed between the mean sternal measurements measured directly on bone specimens in present study and those measured indirectly on radiographs or CT scan images reported by previous researchers. Comparative analysis of absolute sternal measurements showed concordance with some earlier Indian studies but discordance with most other population studies conducted worldwide. Limiting points gave much higher sex accuracy levels than the demarking points. The calculated multivariate DFA equation (y=-14.222+0.076MBL+0.137WS_1) and regression equation (y=36.675-0.198MBL-0.405WS_1) correctly estimated sex of 84.8% and 89.8% sternums, respectively. Multivariate analyses gave more striking results than the univariate ones. Though logistic regression analysis gave higher accuracy rates but discriminant function analysis was found to be a more reliable statistical tool for sex determination because of low sex biases. The sexing efficacies of the dry and wet sternums did not differ significantly, so bone specimens are equally reliable as the radiographs or CT scans for sex determination. The sternal area and the combined length were found the best parameters among all the criteria and methods considered. The changes in the body proportions, nutritional, environmental, climatic changes, etc., are attributable to secular changes in sterna measurements when compared to Jit et al. [13]. The osteometric techniques are better representative of biological identity of the deceased because of some inherent defects associated with radiographic methods. Like other sex-predictive bones of the human skeleton, the sternum can also be a valuable adjunct for sex determination of unknown subjects. PMID:23562145

Singh, Jagmahender; Pathak, R K

2013-05-10

72

Sexual Violence  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

This podcast discusses sexual violence - what it is, the long-term health problems it can contribute to, and tips to stop it before it begins.  Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/4/2011.

2011-04-04

73

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... subjective and takes into account the person’s age, physical health, and personal life circumstances. In combined arousal disorder, ... sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers ... with physical intimacy and familiarize themselves with each other’s (and ...

74

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sex toys” can be used to enhance sexual pleasure. There are many devices that fall under this ... and behavior. Sensate focus exercises are structured “touching” activities that are designed to help couples increase their comfort with physical intimacy and familiarize themselves with each other’s (and ...

75

Teenage Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... attracted to a same-sex friend, does that mean I am gay or lesbian ? Is oral sex really sex? Some answers Masturbation is normal and won't harm you. Many boys and girls masturbate, many don't. Deciding to become sexually ...

76

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... to talk with a healthcare professional. Although sexual problems can be complex, there are a variety of treatments that can be very effective. With the appropriate diagnosis and treatment, everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.

77

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... response is an important part of his or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body ... arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from the walls ...

78

Sexual Assault  

Science.gov (United States)

... haven't freely given your consent. This includes completed or attempted sex acts that are against your will. Sometimes it can involve a victim who is unable to consent. It also includes abusive sexual contact. It can happen to men, women or children. ...

79

Sexual Difficulties  

Science.gov (United States)

... For instance, your doctor might prescribe a different medicine with few or no sexual side effects or suggest physical therapy to treat pelvic pain. Some women want to know about a female counterpart to Viagra. Viagra-like drugs treat erection ...

80

Uso da técnica de confusão sexual no manejo populacional de Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) em videira / Using the technique of mating disruption for Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) population management on grapevine  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência da técnica de confusão sexual, com o feromônio sexual sintético composto (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16: Ald) a 1,8% e (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13-18: Ald) a 1,8%, no controle da população de traça-dos-cachos, Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) [...] , em cultivares de videiras (Vitis vinifera) destinadas à produção de vinhos. Os experimentos foram realizados em duas localidades na região do Vale do São Francisco, em áreas comerciais de produção de uva para processamento, com as cultivares Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo e Chenin Blanc. Os tratamentos avaliados foram os seguintes: confusão sexual com uso de liberadores Splat ("specialized pheromone and lure application technology"), aplicados com pistola manual a 500 pontos por hectare (2 g por ponto); e testemunha sem aplicação. O efeito da técnica sobre os adultos de C. gnidiella foi avaliado com uso de armadilha tipo Delta, iscada em um septo com 2 g de feromônio sintético da mesma formulação. Os danos nos cachos foram avaliados à colheita. O uso da técnica de confusão sexual reduziu a captura de adultos de C. gnidiella em mais de 59% na 'Tempranillo', 68% na 'Chenin Blanc', 80% na 'Cabernet Sauvignon' e 97% na 'Petit Verdot'. À época da colheita, os danos nos frutos foram reduzidos de 65 a 100% nas áreas tratadas. O feromônio sexual sintético é eficaz para reduzir o acasalamento de C. gnidiella em vinhedos, com o uso da técnica de confusão sexual. Abstract in english The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of mating disruption technique, with the synthetic sex pheromone compound (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16: Ald) at 1.8% and (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13-18: Ald) at 1.8%, for controlling the honeydew moth, Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae [...] ), population in grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivars destined to wine production. The experiments were carried out in two locations in the region of São Francisco Valley, Brazil, in commercial production areas of grapes used for processing, with the cultivars Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo, and Chenin Blanc. The evaluated treatments were: mating disruption using Splat (specialized pheromone and lure application technology) releasers, applied at 500 points per hectare (2 g per point); and a control without application. The effect of the technique was evaluated on adults of C. gnidiella using Delta type trap baited with 2 g of synthetic pheromone of the same formulation. The damage on grape clusters was evaluated at harvest. The use of mating disruption technique reduced the capture of adult C. gnidiella in more than 59% in 'Tempranillo', 68% in 'Chenin Blanc', 80% in 'Cabernet Sauvignon', and 97% in 'Petit Verdot'. At harvest, fruit damage was reduced from 65 to 100% in the treated areas. The synthetic sex pheromone is effective in reducing C. gnidiella mating in vineyards, using the mating disruption technique.

José Eudes de Morais, Oliveira; Maria Herlândia de Araújo, Fernandes; Farah de Castro, Gama; Marcos, Botton; Andréa Nunes Moreira de, Carvalho.

2014-11-01

81

Sexual Jealousy  

OpenAIRE

Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for wo...

Buss, David M.

2013-01-01

82

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... STDs. Your risk of getting an STD is higher when: • There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal ... is possible by following simple sexual hygiene. The higher the number of sexual partners you have and ...

83

Sexuality and Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

... Syndrome Toilet Training Children with Down Syndrome Wellness Nutrition Healthy Eating Habits in Children with Down Syndrome Weight Management for Adults with Down Syndrome Managing Behavior Sexuality Sexuality & Down Syndrome Social and Sexual Education Recreation & ...

84

Dating and Sexual Feelings  

Science.gov (United States)

Home Body Your sexuality Dating and sexual feelings Dating and sexual feelings Thinking about romance, starting to ... you learn how to stay healthy and strong. Dating older guys top If you date someone even ...

85

Healthy Aging -- Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... address Submit Home > Healthy Aging > Sexual health Healthy Aging This information in Spanish ( en español ) Sexual health ... to discuss with your doctor. Sexual Health and Aging: Keep the Passion Alive (Copyright © Mayo Foundation) - This ...

86

Child abuse - sexual  

Science.gov (United States)

... minor children to sexual activity. This means a child is forced or talked into sex or sexual activities by another person. Such abuse includes: Oral sex Pornography Sexual intercourse Touching (fondling)

87

Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility  

Science.gov (United States)

... asrm.org PATIENT FACT SHEET Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility You probably don't realize how many people ... talk to a sex therapist. Sexual dysfunction and infertility Sexual dysfunction may cause problems getting pregnant (infertility). ...

88

Sexual Orientation (For Parents)  

Science.gov (United States)

... What Is Sexual Orientation? The term sexual orientation refers to the gender (that is, male or female) ... Guide to Surviving the Teen Years Understanding Early Sexual Development STDs Questions and Answers About Sex Teaching Your ...

89

Hormones and female sexuality  

OpenAIRE

Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but with...

Bjelica Artur L.; Kapamadžija Aleksandra; Maticki-Sekuli? Milana

2003-01-01

90

Childhood sexual abuse.  

OpenAIRE

Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually tow...

Evrim Aktepe

1993-01-01

91

Sexual networks and sexually transmitted infections: A tale of two cities  

OpenAIRE

Research on risk behaviors for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has revealed that they seldom correspond with actual risk of infection. Core groups of people with high-risk behavior who form networks of people linked by sexual contact are essential for STI transmission, but have been overlooked in epidemiological studies. Social network analysis, a subdiscipline of sociology, provides both the methods and analytical techniques to describe and illustrate the effects of sexual networks on...

Jolly, A. M.; Muth, S. Q.; Wylie, J. L.; Potterat, J. J.

2001-01-01

92

Sexual Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This month two general practitioners (GPs describe their approach to sexual health consultations.The issue of a sexually active adolescent demonstrates some differences in legislation pertaining tothe requirement to involve the authorities, although in essence the young person can expect thesame response from these practitioners in two different health care systems. On the other hand apatient at risk of sexually transmitted infections is more likely to be referred to a specialistGenitourinary clinic in the UK although the protocols for screening and education are largely similar.Equally patients who are HIV positive can expect to receive the bulk of their care from specialistclinics in both countries.Midwives are the main stay of antenatal services in Australia and the UK with general practitionersminimally involved in routine cases. Also home births are a negigible proportion of all deliveries ineither country. When patients opt for a home birth our authors expressed the view that GPsgenerally do not have the skills or experience to be the main health professional in attendance.Therefore such births are primarily managed by midwives as the key health care professional. Thefocus of General practitioners is primarily to ensure that the patient is making an informed decisionabout delivering her baby at home. The GP is therefore still in an influential position to assist thewoman in making a decision about where to give birth. As a point of difference in Australia a homebirth would result in out of pocket expences for the mother.The views expressed below are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice elsewhere in their countries. However we believe they offer an interesting perspective ontheir health care systems and commend the article to our readers.Please

Dr. Christine Boyce

2009-04-01

93

Thoreau's sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) has often been described as lacking in sexual drive or at most a rather reluctant heterosexual, a close study of his life and writings indicates the presence of a pronounced vein of homoeroticism--although there seems to be no concrete evidence of any homosexual activity on his part. Cognizance of that homoeroticism helps one to understand many elements of his life and writings and suggests that his intense love of nature may have resulted from sublimation of that homoeroticism. PMID:1880400

Harding, W

1991-01-01

94

Hormones and female sexuality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but without differences in sexual orientation. However, it has been observed that the frequency of bisexual and lesbian women is higher in women with congenital adrenogenital syndrome. Hormones sexual desire and sexuality during menstrual cycle It has been established that sexual desire, autoeroticism and sexual fantasies in women depend on androgen levels. There are a lot of reports claiming that sexual desire varies during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal contraception and sexuality Most patients using birth control pills present with decreased libido. But, there are reports that progestagens with antiandrogenic effect in contraceptive pills do not affect sexual desire. Hormonal changes in peri- and postmenopausal period and sexuality Decreased levels of estrogen and testosterone in older women are associated with decreased libido, sensitivity and erotic stimuli. Sexuality and hormone replacement therapy Hormonal therapy with estrogen is efficient in reference to genital atrophy, but not to sexual desire. Really increased libido is achieved using androgens. Also, therapy with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA and tibolone have positive effects on female libido. Conclusion Effect of sexual steroids on sexual sphere of women is very complex. The association between hormones and sexuality is multidimensional, as several hormones are important in regulation of sexual behaviour. Still, it should be pointed out that sexuality is in the domain of hormonal, emotional-motivational and social factors.

Bjelica Artur L.

2003-01-01

95

Sexuality Research: From Past to Present  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although sex researchers use the same methodology as other social scientists, they are constrained by ethical concerns and taboos which are not experienced in other fields. Because of the taboos surrounding sexuality, some traditional research methods are inappropriate. However, sex research, like most social science researches, uses scientific methodological approaches such as survey research (questionnaires and interviews, observational research, experimental research, clinical research and case studies. Ethical issues are especially important in sexuality which is a subject loaded with emotional and moral values. Methodological concern, regarding sampling techniques and their accuracy, is the other important issue. Without a representative sample, the conclusions drawn by these methodologies are limited. Furthermore, sex research is important on both social and personal level. Human sexuality is inherently linked to many of the most important social concerns in the world today. Many public health crises, including sexually transmitted infections, family planning, sexual assault and adolescent pregnancy, are related to human sexuality and to the contribution of sexual attitude, religion and values to these issues. Sex researches may constitute a basis for improved health care, effective social policies, and improvements in public perception. This article reviews methods for sexuality research and their advantages and disadvantages in a historical perspective. Our article aimed to provide valuable information and to encourage the scientists who are interested in sexuality research. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46: 102-9

Suat KÜÇÜKGÖNCÜ

2009-09-01

96

Sexuality and Violence.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author examines specific manifestations of violence in relation to sexuality: (1) forcible rape rate; (2) war atrocities; (3) sexual violence in prisons; and (4) pornography. Drawing much from Hannah Arendt's book on violence, he views sexual violence as symptomatic of a lack of sexual power, not a sign of its possession. The causes are seen…

Sanctuary, Gerald

97

Problems of adolescents sexuality.  

OpenAIRE

Recent discussions highlighted adolescents' sexual behaviour, but published studies concentrate on specific problems or subgroups of patients without addressing factors related to sexuality. To obtain a broad picture we studied two groups of adolescents attending genito-urinary medicine/sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in contrasting areas of Britain, inner London and Swansea. These were evaluated for referral pattern, sexual partner, contraception, obstetric history, sexually trans...

Whatley, J.; Thin, N.; Reynolds, B.; Blackwell, A.

1989-01-01

98

Sexuality and Islam.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. PMID:20441406

Dialmy, Abdessamad

2010-06-01

99

Sexual narcissism and the perpetration of sexual aggression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women, Study 1 validated the Sexual Narcissism Scale, a new sexuality research instrument with four subscales-Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Entitlement, Low Sexual Empathy, and Sexual Skill. Then, in a sample of 378 men, Study 2 demonstrated that sexual narcissism was associated with reports of the frequency of sexual aggression, three specific types of sexual aggression (unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and attempted/completed rape), and the likelihood of future sexual aggression. Notably, global narcissism was unrelated to all indices of sexual aggression when sexual narcissism was controlled. That sexual narcissism outperformed global assessments of narcissism to account for variance in sexual aggression suggests that future research may benefit by examining whether sexual narcissism and other sexual-situation-specific measurements of personality can similarly provide a more valid test of the association between personality and other sexual behaviors and outcomes (e.g., contraceptive use, infidelity, sexual satisfaction). PMID:19130204

Widman, Laura; McNulty, James K

2010-08-01

100

Impact of radiation therapy on sexual life  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of radiation therapy on sexual life. The analysis was based on a Pubmed literature review. The keywords used for this research were 'sexual, radiation, oncology, and cancer'. After a brief reminder on the anatomy and physiology, we explained the main complications of radiation oncology and their impact on sexual life. Preventive measures and therapeutic possibilities were discussed. Radiation therapy entails local, systematic and psychological after-effects. For women, vaginal stenosis and dyspareunia represent the most frequent side effects. For men, radiation therapy leads to erectile disorders for 25 to 75% of the patients. These complications have an echo often mattering on the patient quality of life of and on their sexual life post-treatment reconstruction. The knowledge of the indications and the various techniques of irradiation allow reducing its potential sexual morbidity. The information and the education of patients are essential, although often neglected. In conclusion, radiation therapy impacts in variable degrees on the sexual life of the patients. Currently, there are not enough preventive and therapeutic means. Patient information and the early screening of the sexual complications are at stake in the support of patients in the reconstruction of their sexual life. (authors)

101

The Sexuality of Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors  

OpenAIRE

In this grounded theory study, a theoretical framework that depicts the process by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA) influences the sexuality of women and men survivors was constructed. Data were drawn from interview transcripts of 95 men and women who experienced CSA. Using constant comparison analysis, the researchers determined that the central phenomenon of the data was a process labeled Determining My Sexual Being, in which survivors moved from grappling with questions related to the na...

Roller, Cynthia; Martsolf, Donna S.; Draucker, Claire Burke; Ross, Ratchneewan

2009-01-01

102

Neurobiology of sexual behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent advances in the neurobiology of sexual behavior have helped to refine our understanding of the neuroanatomical, neuroendocrine and neurochemical systems that modulate responses to sexual stimulation. Both appetitive and consummatory sexual behaviors have been studied in several laboratory species and in humans using traditional and novel behavioral paradigms. New knowledge has emerged concerning the role of hypothalamic, limbic and brainstem structures, neuropeptides, brain monoamines and nitric oxide in the control of partner preference, sexual desire, erection, copulation, ejaculation, orgasm and sexual satiety. Brain imaging of visually evoked sexual arousal in humans has also been examined. PMID:10607643

Pfaus, J G

1999-12-01

103

Indian concepts on sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

India is a vast country depicting wide social, cultural and sexual variations. Indian concept of sexuality has evolved over time and has been immensely influenced by various rulers and religions. Indian sexuality is manifested in our attire, behavior, recreation, literature, sculptures, scriptures, religion and sports. It has influenced the way we perceive our health, disease and device remedies for the same. In modern era, with rapid globalization the unique Indian sexuality is getting diffused. The time has come to rediscover ourselves in terms of sexuality to attain individual freedom and to reinvest our energy to social issues related to sexuality. PMID:23858263

Chakraborty, Kaustav; Thakurata, Rajarshi Guha

2013-01-01

104

Sexuality and Chronic Kidney Disease  

Science.gov (United States)

... Story About the NKF You are here Home » Sexuality and Kidney Disease Can people with kidney disease ... It's something everyone needs. Many people think that sexuality refers only to sexual intercourse. But sexuality includes ...

105

Adaptations to sexual selection and sexual conflict: insights from experimental evolution and artificial selection  

OpenAIRE

Artificial selection and experimental evolution document natural selection under controlled conditions. Collectively, these techniques are continuing to provide fresh and important insights into the genetic basis of evolutionary change, and are now being employed to investigate mating behaviour. Here, we focus on how selection techniques can reveal the genetic basis of post-mating adaptations to sexual selection and sexual conflict. Alteration of the operational sex ratio of adult Drosophila ...

Edward, Dominic A.; Fricke, Claudia; Chapman, Tracey

2010-01-01

106

Development of a Curriculum on Sexual Exploitation and Self-Protection for Handicapped Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

To assist handicapped persons in preventing sexual exploitation, the Curriculum for Developing an Awareness of Sexual Exploitation and Teaching Self Protection Techniques was developed and pilot tested with 13 special education teachers in Seattle, Washington. (SB)

Ryerson, Ellen; Sundem, Jennifer McGilvray

1981-01-01

107

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. This reference summary reviews some ... feed from the body of their host. Gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted ...

108

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... crabs, are an example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. They cling ... chlamydia, and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply ...

109

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by one of ... mouth or rectum, especially when oral and anal sex are practiced. Swabs from open sores or discharges ...

110

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... spread via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are ... penis • Around or in the vagina • Near the mouth • Near the anus, or • On the hands If ...

111

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... medical check-up consists of a detailed sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The ... You know very little about your partner’s sexual history. This document is for informational purposes and is ...

112

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when they ... herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. Usually infections that are caused by a virus ...

113

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... than 20 STDs, the most deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, ... when they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted ...

114

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal drug habits are involved. • You know very little about your ... less you know about their sexual and drug habits, the higher your risk of getting an STD. ...

115

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Sexually Transmitted Diseases Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most common infectious diseases in the United States. There are more than 20 STDs, the most ...

116

Sexuality in Later Life  

Science.gov (United States)

... Depression can be treated. What Else May Cause Sexuality Problems? Surgery. Many of us worry about having ... be at risk. Can Emotions Play a Part? Sexuality is often a delicate balance of emotional and ...

117

Sexuality and Intellectual Disability  

Science.gov (United States)

... and fulfilling relationships with others. Individual rights to sexuality, which is essential to human health and well- ... force rather than as an expression of their sexuality. Position Every person has the right to exercise ...

118

Scleroderma and Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... Mission Is Support, Education and Research Scleroderma and Sexuality A publication of Scleroderma Foundation 300 Rosewood Drive, ... to your partner. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION American Association of Sexuality Educators, Counselors, and Therapists (AASECT) 1444 I Street ...

119

Fibromyalgia and sexual problems  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this review was to describe the recent literature concerning sexual dysfunction in fibromyalgic patients. To this end, we used the common online databases PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE (up to June 2012) and searched for the key words fibromyalgia (FM) and sexual dysfunction. All the studies examined underlined that FM is strictly associated with sexual dysfunction in women. The major findings observed were related to a decreased sexual desire and arousal, decreased e...

Scarpellini, P.; Sernissi, F.; Rossi, A.; Giacomelli, C.; Bazzichi, L.; Consensi, A.; Bombardieri, S.

2012-01-01

120

Sexual Desire Disorders  

OpenAIRE

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and sexual aversion disorder (SAD) are an under-diagnosed group of disorders that affect men and women. Despite their prevalence, these two disorders are often not addressed by healthcare providers and patients due their private and awkward nature. As physicians, we need to move beyond our own unease in order to adequately address our patients’ sexual problems and implement appropriate treatment. Using the Sexual Response Cycle as the model of the ph...

Montgomery, Keith A.

2008-01-01

121

Anthropology of sexual exploitation  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, the authors observe sexual exploitation from an anthropological perspective. They analyze the rational, ethical, emotional and mythological dimensions of human sexuality. Consequently, after setting the phenomenon in a social and historical context, sexual exploitation is closely observed in the contemporary age. Based on thoughts of relevant thinkers, they make the conclusion that the elimination of sexual exploitation is not an utterly legal issue, but political and economica...

Lali? Velibor; Kešetovi? Želimir

2009-01-01

122

Auto-Conceito Sexual  

OpenAIRE

Elegendo-se como assunto o auto-conceito e mais especificamente o auto-conceito sexual, procura-se um aprofundamento teórico do tema. Desenvolve-se a definição do auto-conceito e auto-conceito sexual, suas perspectivas historicas, natureza, estrutura e fontes que veiculam a sua construção. São descritos alguns modelos teóricos de auto-conceito e auto-conceito sexual diferenciando entre modelos unidimensionais e multidimensionais. Analisa-se o recente constructo de auto-conceito sexual ...

Lima, Maria Luisa Pedroso; Sim-sim, Margarida

2004-01-01

123

Indian concepts on sexuality  

OpenAIRE

India is a vast country depicting wide social, cultural and sexual variations. Indian concept of sexuality has evolved over time and has been immensely influenced by various rulers and religions. Indian sexuality is manifested in our attire, behavior, recreation, literature, sculptures, scriptures, religion and sports. It has influenced the way we perceive our health, disease and device remedies for the same. In modern era, with rapid globalization the unique Indian sexuality is getting diffu...

Chakraborty, Kaustav; Thakurata, Rajarshi Guha

2013-01-01

124

Dissection of sexuality  

OpenAIRE

The dissection of sexuality (Lat. dissectio – dissection) – the collection of twelve graphics works, in which are depicted two different plastic interpretations of destructivized people‘s bodies on sheet graphics. The attention is focused towards the man‘s inner, spiritual, sexual spaces, which in the contemporary world are killed, the first place is taken by the factor of outer sexuality. The inner person’s sexuality – the desire to belong to somebody, to merge with somebody, to ...

Kondrotaite?, Deimante?

2007-01-01

125

Preferential attachment in sexual networks  

OpenAIRE

Many social networks are characterized by a highly uneven distribution of links. The observed skewed distributions have in several cases been attributed to preferential attachment (PA), a tendency among nodes in a growing network to form new links preferentially to nodes with high numbers of links. We test the PA conjecture in sexual contact networks. A maximum likelihood estimation-based expectation–maximization fitting technique is used to model new partners over a 1-year period based on ...

Blasio, Birgitte Freiesleben; Svensson, A?ke; Liljeros, Fredrik

2007-01-01

126

Am I Sexually Normal?  

Science.gov (United States)

... there something wrong with me or my partner? Am I sexually normal?" Even though I am a physician, I learned more about sexuality from ... orgasms. So the best response to the question "Am I normal sexually?" is often: "Well, do you ...

127

Sexual Assault Prevention Handbook.  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is designed to educate men and women about sexual assault. The goals are to encourage people to become involved in their own protection and to make them better informed and able to deal with sexual assaults when they do occur. Facts about sexual assault are presented, including descriptions of rapists, rape victims, and rape…

Missouri Governor's Commission on Crime, Jefferson.

128

Sexuality in Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

MENU Return to Web version Sexuality in Older Adults Sexuality in Older Adults What are the benefits of a healthy sex life for older adults? Sex is ... concerns, and acknowledge new relationships with respect. Bibliography Sexuality in Later Life by National Institute on Aging ( ...

129

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?  

OpenAIRE

Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sex...

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; Mcfall, Richard M.

2007-01-01

130

Anthropology of sexual exploitation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors observe sexual exploitation from an anthropological perspective. They analyze the rational, ethical, emotional and mythological dimensions of human sexuality. Consequently, after setting the phenomenon in a social and historical context, sexual exploitation is closely observed in the contemporary age. Based on thoughts of relevant thinkers, they make the conclusion that the elimination of sexual exploitation is not an utterly legal issue, but political and economical issues as well. Namely, legal norms are not sufficient to overcome sexual exploitation, but, political and economical relationships in contemporary societies, which will be based on sincere equal opportunities must be established.

Lali? Velibor

2009-01-01

131

The sexually exploited child.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual exploitation of children (under 14 years of age) is a common occurrence, although actual numbers are unknown. There are three major forms of sexual abuse: (1) incest, ie, sexual activity between consanguineous family members; (2) sexual assault, such as rape or molestation by adults not related to the child; and (3) habitual sexual exploitation for purposes of financial reward or perverse sexual satisfaction. Brother-sister incest has the highest incidence in the middle and upper socioeconomic levels and is probably the least damaging, psychologically, to sexual adjustment later in life. Father-daughter incest is more common in the lower socioeconomic levels and is thought to produce major disorders in the psychosexual area. Sexual assault of children, if handled supportively and with understanding by the surrounding adults, including parents, physicians, teachers, law enforcement officers, and others, can result in minimal sequelae; however, often the situation is handled with emotional reactions ranging from disgust to hysteria which result in the child's being victimized and traumatized unnecessarily. These latter situations lead to sexual acting-out in adolescence, promiscuity, perversions, or frigidity in adult sexual life. Teachers, physicians, and child welfare workers need to be attuned to the possibility to sexual abuse in the children they serve. PMID:941049

Weeks, R B

1976-07-01

132

Função sexual de mulheres submetidas à reprodução assistida / Sexual function in women undergoing assisted reproduction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função sexual de mulheres submetidas a técnicas de reprodução assistida. MÉTODOS: Estudo caso-controle com 278 mulheres atendidas no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás nos serviços de Reprodução Humana e no Ambulatório de Ginecologia. As mulheres foram dist [...] ribuídas em grupo caso (168 mulheres inférteis) e grupo controle (110 mulheres férteis), e responderam ao questionário Índice de Função Sexual Feminina (IFSF) para avaliação da função sexual. Calculou-se a odds ratio (OR) para a chance de disfunção sexual nas mulheres inférteis (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate sexual function in women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques. METHODS: This is a case-control study including 278 women assisted in Human Reproduction services and at the Gynecology Clinic of the University Hospital, Federal University of Goiás, Brazil. The women were [...] divided into a study group (168 infertile women) and a control group (110 fertile women), and they answered the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire used the assess the sexual function. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) for the chance of sexual dysfunction in infertile women (p

Carolina Rodrigues de, Mendonça; Jalsi Tacon, Arruda; Waldemar Naves do, Amaral.

2014-11-01

133

Sexual At-Risk Behaviors of Sexually Abused Adolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated sexual at-risk behaviors of sexually abused adolescent girls. Variables of interest were presence of consensual sexual activity, age at first consensual intercourse, number of sexual partners, condom use, and pregnancies. Participants were 125 sexually abused adolescent girls aged 12 to 17 years. Results showed that…

Cinq-Mars, Caroline; Wright, John; Cyr, Mireille; McDuff, Pierre

2003-01-01

134

Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually towards male child. Thirty-fifty percent of abuse cases among child and adolescent are outside the family including strangers or familiar person. Some features of abusers are introvert personality, pedophilic and antisocial personality. Most of the abusers have a history of sexual abuse or aggression during childhood. Sexual intercourse between two people who are not allowed to marry by law is called as incest. Family pattern of incest is defined globally as disorganized and dysfunctional. The most commonly reported familial pattern is rigid and patriarchal family pattern with a harsh father using force quite frequently. The clinical features and impacts of the sexual abuse on the child varies according to the relation between abusers and the child, form of abuse, duration of abuse, presence of physical assault, developmental phase, child age and psychological development before the abuse. Sexual abuse history may result in psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, substance dependence, suicide act, borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder. Abuse negatively affects interpersonal relationships and self esteem of abused individuals. Several studies reported close association between risky sexual behaviors in adulthood and a history of of sexual abuse during childhood. Four traumatic dynamics including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness, and stigmatization exist in childhood abuse. Trauma can cause behavioral and psychological results by itself, early trauma may also lead to biological effects. Especially traumas during neuron plasticity phase may lead hypersensitivity of neuroendocrine stress response. Early life stresses are shown to lead changes in corticotrophin releasing factor system in preclinical and clinical phase studies. In the treatment of sexual abuse, emotional process related with trauma should be focused on. This process may be conducted with play therapy. Development of higher level defense mechanism, increasing ego capacity, orientation to social activity and personal activity according to skills is aimed. For the elimination of guiltiness related with stigmatization, the child should be told that it is not herhis fault to incorporate into sexual interaction and the culprit is abuser. It is fairly important for medical staff, school and family to have sufficient information about sexual abuse for prevention and early recognition.

Evrim Aktepe

2009-08-01

135

Postpartum female sexual function.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although many women experience sexual problems in the postpartum period, research in this subject is under-explored. Embarrassment and preoccupation with the newborn are some of the reasons why many women do not seek help. Furthermore, there is a lack of professional awareness and expertise and recognition that a prerequisite in the definition of sexual dysfunction is that it must cause distress to the individual (not her partner). Sexual dysfunction is classified as disorders of sexual desire, arousal, orgasm and pain. However, in the postpartum period the most common disorder appears to be that of sexual pain as a consequence of perineal trauma. Health care workers need to be made aware of this silent affliction as sexual morbidity can have a detrimental effect on a women's quality of life impacting on her social, physical and emotional well-being. PMID:19481858

Abdool, Zeelha; Thakar, Ranee; Sultan, Abdul H

2009-08-01

136

Child sexual abuse  

OpenAIRE

The diploma thesis deals with sexual exploitation of children. The topic itself causes great discomfort, a kind of insight that our knowledge as well as various strategies of prevention child sexual abuse are still extremely weak and insufficient. The introductory part of the thesis discusses the historical review of sexual exploitation of children, sundry definitions of exploitation are described along with exploitation of children for the purposes of pornography and prosti...

Miklavz?ina, Andreja

2010-01-01

137

Sexual delinquency and Exploitation:  

OpenAIRE

EditorialThe Sex Crime Situation: Deterioration more Apparent than Real? - Donald WestSocial Policy and Sexual Offenders: Contrasting United States' and European Policies - Roxanne LiebThe Pornographic Context of Sexual Delinquency: Reflections on the Contemporary Sexual Mentality - Hans BoutellierThe Emergence of a New Taboo: The Desexualisation of Youth in Western Society since 1800 - Martin Killias Policies and Developments relating...

WODC

2000-01-01

138

[Sexuality and urological diseases].  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory dysfunction). Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation are two times more common in men with chronic pelvic pain/chronic prostatitis. All treatments of prostate cancer are responsible for sexual dysfunctions. Sexual disorders frequently appear during the management of infertile couples. Information and support should be offered to couples. Women with urinary incontinence also suffer frequently from coital incontinence. PMID:25201599

Droupy, Stéphane

2014-10-01

139

Aging and sexuality.  

OpenAIRE

Recent research suggesting that a high proportion of men and women remain sexually active well into later life refutes the prevailing myth that aging and sexual dysfunction are inexorably linked. Age-related physiological changes do not render a meaningful sexual relationship impossible or even necessarily difficult. In men, greater physical stimulation is required to attain and maintain erections, and orgasms are less intense. In women, menopause terminates fertility and produces changes ste...

Holzapfel, S.

1994-01-01

140

[Depressive symptoms and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The mutually reinforcing dyad of depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction is scientifically established. The cure of depression improves sexual dysfunction (SD) and the treatment of SD induces improvement of depression. Most of anti-depressants induce negative sexual side effects that lead to non-compliance of these treatments. The knowledge of interrelation between depression, anti-depressants and sexuality is of great importance in clinical practice. PMID:25148948

Porto, Robert

2014-10-01

141

Prime time sexual harrassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the explicit and implicit messages of sexual harassment that viewers receive when viewing prime-time television in the US. A content analysis of 48 hours of prime-time television reveals that sexual harassment on television is both highly visible and invisible. Sexual harassment is rendered visible simply by its prominence in these programs. Incidents involving quid-pro-quo harassment and environmental harassment occur with regularity on television. Furthermore, about 84% of the shows studied contained at least one incident of sexual harassment; yet these acts of sexual harassment remained largely invisible because none of the behaviors were labeled as sexual harassment. These incidents are presented in humorous ways, and victims are generally unharmed and very effective at ending the harassment. Although such programs may actually reflect the reality of many women's lives in terms of prevalence of sexual harassment, they perpetuate several myths about sexual harassment, such as that sexual harassment is not serious and that victims should be able to handle the situations themselves. PMID:12294811

Grauerholz, E; King, A

1997-04-01

142

[Sexuality in elderly men  

OpenAIRE

The era when the sexuality of the elderly male was a taboo subject to be avoided is long past. In fact a growing number of doctors, sociologists and psychoanalysts are investigating the sexuality of the elderly, partly in an attempt to counteract the mistaken view that all sexuality is pathological at that age. All authorities in fact agree that the elderly male may have a sex life, even though genital activity may diminish. Data are presented on the sexuality of a group of elderly men in goo...

Pinessi, Lorenzo

1984-01-01

143

The sexual and ontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores some of the crucial ontological implications of the psychoanalytic theory of sexuality in its Freudo-Lacanian orientation. As irreducible to different sexual practices and contents, the concept of sexuality obtains conceptual weight that makes it particularly relevant for philosophical ontological thinking. Starting from the hypothesis that something about sexuality is constitutively unconscious - that is to say, existing only in the form of the unconscious - the paper points at the singular short-circuit of the epistemological and ontological level which is at work in psychoanalytic theory, and which cannot be neglected in philosophical examination of the relation between knowledge and being.

Zupan?i? Alenka

2014-01-01

144

Sexual risk reduction needs of adolescents living with HIV in clinical care setting  

OpenAIRE

As anti-retroviral therapy becomes increasingly available, young people living with HIV need tailored support to adopt healthy sexual behaviors. There has been a gap in the availability of culturally appropriate techniques for secondary prevention and sexual risk reduction in this target group. This formative study assessed sexual and reproductive health needs and problems, as well as determinants of sexual risk-taking among young people living with HIV aged 11-21 years attending the Paediatr...

Bakeera-kitaka, S.; Nabukeera-barungi, N.; No?stlinger, C.; Addy, K.; Colebunders, R.

2008-01-01

145

Sexual arousal, is it for mammals only?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual arousal has many dimensions and has consequently been defined in various ways. In humans, sexual arousal can be assessed based in part on verbal communication. In male non-human mammalian species, it has been argued that arousal can only be definitively inferred if the subject exhibits a penile erection in a sexual context. In non-mammalian species that lack an intromittent organ, as is the case for most avian species, the question of how to assess sexual arousal has not been thoroughly addressed. Based on studies performed in male Japanese quail, we argue that several behavioral or physiological characteristics provide suitable measures of sexual arousal in birds and probably also in other tetrapods. These indices include, the performance of appetitive sexual behavior in anticipation of copulation (although anticipation and arousal are not synonymous), the activation of specific brain area as identified by the detection of the expression of immediate early genes (fos, egr-1) or by 2-deoxyglucose quantitative autoradiography, and above all, by the release of dopamine in the medial preoptic area as measured by in vivo dialysis. Based on these criteria, it is possible to assess in birds sexual arousal in its broadest sense but meeting the more restrictive definition of arousal proposed for male mammals (erection in an explicit sexual context) is and will probably remain impossible in birds until refinement of in vivo imaging techniques such fMRI allow us to match in different species, with and without an intromittent organ, the brain areas that are activated in the presence of specific stimuli. PMID:21073874

Ball, Gregory F; Balthazart, Jacques

2011-05-01

146

Risky Sex: Interactions among Ethnicity, Sexual Sensation Seeking, Sexual Inhibition, and Sexual Excitation  

OpenAIRE

Rates of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, vary across ethnic minority groups, yet few studies have evaluated sexual risk behaviors and their psychological correlates to determine if risk and protective factors vary by ethnicity. The purpose of the current study was to assess sexual sensation seeking (SSS), sexual inhibition (SIS1 and SIS2), and sexual excitation (SES) as correlates of risky sexual behaviors in 106 (55 male and 51 female) Asian Americans, African Americans, and ...

Nguyen, Hong V.; Koo, Kelly H.; Davis, Kelly Cue; Otto, Jacqueline M.; Hendershot, Christian S.; Schacht, Rebecca L.; George, William H.; Heiman, Julia R.; Norris, Jeanette

2012-01-01

147

Male sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Approximately 31% of men suffer from a sexual dysfunction in their lifetime. This review aims to provide the family practitioner with an approach to managing common cases of male sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, using consensus guidelines. [...

P, Ramlachan; M M, Campbell.

2014-06-01

148

[Female sexual dysfunction].  

Science.gov (United States)

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a very common disorder in Germany with a prevalence of approximately 38%. FSD includes persistent or recurrent disorders of sexual desire, disorders of subjective or genital arousal and pain during intercourse. An overview of the epidemiology, the current definitions of the single domains of FSD, the pathophysiology and recommendations on the treatment of FSD is given. PMID:18210068

Korda, J B

2008-01-01

149

Sexing Geography, Teaching Sexualities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Draws on experiences as a straight feminist geographer to address questions regarding teaching sexualities in geography. Looks at "sexing" and "queering" geography curricula at the college level; discusses strategies to make universities and classrooms less heterosexist and lesbo/homophobic; and discusses dilemmas of disclosing sexuality in the…

England, Kim

1999-01-01

150

Sexuality, Power, and Politics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The source of contemporary attitudes toward sexuality, power, and politics is found in the literature of the ancient Greeks, specifically, Plato's "Republic" and "Symposium," Aristotle's "Politics," and the plays of Aeschylus and Aristophanes. The "Symposium" can be read as an account of how sexuality can be incorporated into the public life of…

Hartsock, Nancy C. M.

151

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... in unprotected anal sex. If you or your sexual partner has sex with many people, you are at risk of being infected with STDs. Your risk of getting an STD is higher when: • There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal drug habits are involved. • You ...

152

Challenges in sexual medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sexual medicine field has been in mode of revolution until recently. Like all other fields of biomedical research, the economic situation around the world has had a negative impact on the field's momentum-research funding bodies, regulatory bodies and pharmaceutical companies seem to have placed sexual medicine in their low-priority list. But this is not the only challenge the field is facing. The successful development of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) means that research in this area seems to have slowed. However, there remain several unmet medical needs within sexual medicine such as premature ejaculation, severe ED and hypoactive sexual desire disorder, which await novel therapeutic approaches. Despite these challenges, research into finding and developing such therapies is likely to continue in the sexual medicine field, in an effort to improve the lives of our patients, who wait for effective therapies. PMID:22777290

Cellek, Selim; Giraldi, Annamaria

2012-09-01

153

RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sexual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351. The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18. Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years, average (15 years and late (later than 15 years. The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

Espada, José P.

2014-06-01

154

RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL  

OpenAIRE

In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sexual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351). The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18). Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut repor...

Espada, Jose? P.; Morales, Alexandra; Orgile?s, Mireia

2014-01-01

155

Sexual sadism and sadistic personality disorder in sexual homicide.  

Science.gov (United States)

Controversies exist about the diagnostic validity of sexual sadism and its relation to sadistic personality disorder in sex offenders. The aim of this study was to investigate which diagnostic, developmental, and criminal characteristics differentiate sexual sadistic from non-sadistic sexual homicide perpetrators. Psychiatric court reports on 166 men who had committed a sexual homicide were evaluated regarding psychiatric, sexual and criminal history. Sixty-one offenders (36.7%) with sexual sadism (SeSd) were compared with 105 (63.3%) offenders without this diagnosis (NSeSd). Besides the sexual sadistic symptoms, there were seven factors that discriminated best between the two groups (sexual masochism, sadistic personality disorder, isolation in childhood, multiple sexual homicide, previous rape, previous tendencies for similar behavior, and long duration of the homicidal act). Sexual sadism is connected with circumscribed other characteristics and has to be considered in risk assessment and treatment of sex offenders. PMID:17192143

Hill, Andreas; Habermann, Niels; Berner, Wolfgang; Briken, Peer

2006-12-01

156

Sexual Narcissism and the Perpetration of Sexual Aggression  

OpenAIRE

Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women,...

Widman, Laura; Mcnulty, James K.

2009-01-01

157

Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS) da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, [...] com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a unidade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 200 [...] 5. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.

Maria Angela Boccara de, Paula; Renata Ferreira, Takahashi; Pedro Roberto de, Paula.

2012-06-01

158

Managing female sexual dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs) range from short-term aggravations to major emotional disturbances adversely affecting family and workplace. This review highlights diagnosis and management of the four most widely diagnosed FSDs. It initially focuses on hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) as a driving force at the heart of all other FSDs; nothing happens without sexual desire. Successful resolution of HSDD frequently facilitates resolution of other disorders. Central to understanding HSDD is the impact of aging female sexual endocrinology and its effect on both prevalence and expression patterns of FSD. Advances in this field have enabled introduction of some the most effective treatments yet described for HSDD. Sexual arousal disorder, though commonly affected by the same factors as HSDD, is heavily associated with psychotropic drugs and mood elevators. Orgasmic disorder is frequently the downstream result of other sexual dysfunctions, particularly HSDD, or the result of a major psychosexual trauma. Successful management of the underlying disorder often resolves orgasmic disorder. Sexual pain disorder is frequently the result of a gynecologic disorder, such as endometriosis, that can be substantially managed through successful treatment of that disorder. This article ends with the article's most important note: how to initiate the conversation. PMID:24074537

Buster, John E

2013-10-01

159

Male rat sexual behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

The male rat's sexual behavior constitutes a highly ordered sequence of motor acts involving both striate and smooth muscles. It is spontaneously displayed by most adult made rats in the presence of a sexually receptive female. Although the behavior is important for the survival of the species it is not necessary for survival of the individual. In that way it is different from other spontaneous behaviors such as eating, drinking, avoidance of pain, respiration or thermoregulation. Among other things, this means that it is difficult to talk about sexual deprivation or need. Nevertheless, studies of male sex behavior distinguish sexual motivation (the ease by which behavior is activated, "libido") from the execution of copulatory acts (performance, "potency") (Meisel, R.L. and Sachs, B.D., The physiology of male sexual behavior. In: E. Knobil and J.D. Neill (Eds.), The Physiology of Reproduction, 2nd Edn., Vol. 2, Raven Press, New York, 1994, pp. 3-105 [13]). The hormonal control of male sexual behavior has been extensively studied. It is clear that steroid hormones, androgens and estrogens, act within the central nervous system, modifying neuronal excitability. The exact mechanism by which these hormones activate sex behavior remains largely unknown. However, there exists a considerable amount of knowledge concerning the brain structures important for sexual motivation and for the execution of sex behavior. The modulatory role of some non-steroid hormones is partly known, as well as the consequences of manipulations of several neurotransmitter systems. PMID:9385085

Agmo, A

1997-05-01

160

Premature Ejaculation and Utilization of Cognitive Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Premature ejaculation is the most common male sexual dysfunction leading to distress in many couples. Master and Johnson emphasized the concept of early learned experiences and Kaplan emphasized lack of sensory awareness. For treatment sex therapists mainly utilize start-stop and squeeze techniques as homework. Couples enter sex therapy with some cognitive distortions and beliefs about sex and sexuality. These beliefs are also named sexual myths. For some couples using techniques to challenge cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs about sex and sexuality can be used. In this paper by presenting a case we discussed how cognitive techniques can be used along with behaviour techniques with couples. Case: Presenting clients are five years married couple who are thirty and twenty nine years old respectively. They attended to the outpatient clinic with the request of the female client. Their main complaint was premature ejaculation. They were diagnosed premature ejaculation using clinical interview. In treatment besides start and stop technique, cognitive techniques were utilized to address dysfunctional beliefs about sexuality. Discussion: Premature ejaculation is a male sexual dysfunction that causes distress and intimacy problems between couples. Stop start and squeeze techniques were accepted as the choice of treatment but their effectiveness is questioned recently. Also cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs may hamper therapy progress. Besides that, behavioral techniques utilizing cognitive techniques to lessen the degree of dysfunctional beliefs about sex and sexuality may help the couple to overcome premature ejaculation and enhance sexual satisfaction and intimacy.

Serkan AKKOYUNLU

2013-03-01

161

Constructions of sexuality in later life: Analyses of Canadian magazine and newspaper portrayals of online dating.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advertisements as well as contemporary literature and films often depict older adults as sexually undesirable and unattractive, which reinforces the stereotype that they are nonsexual. However, the evolving discourses of successful aging emphasize that active engagement in life is a key element of healthy aging and as such, have been influencing the ways that older adults' sexuality is represented. This paper explores how popular newspapers and magazines in Canada construct and portray later life sexuality within the context of online dating. We retrieved 144 newspaper and magazine articles about later life online dating that were published between 2009 and 2011. Our thematic and discursive analyses of the articles generated six themes. Of 144 articles, 13% idealized sexuality (sexual attractiveness and optimal sexual engagement) for older adults. The articles portrayed sexual interests and functioning as declining in later life (19%) more often than sustaining (15%). Approximately 15% of the articles suggested that older adults should explore new techniques to boost sexual pleasure, thereby medicalizing and ameliorating sexual decline. In addition, the articles challenged the stereotype of older adults as non-sexual and claimed that sexual engagement in later life was valuable as it contributed to successful aging. We address the paradox in the articles' positive portrayals of older adults' sexuality and the tensions that arise between the two distinct ideals of sexuality that they advance. PMID:25661855

Wada, Mineko; Hurd Clarke, Laura; Rozanova, Julia

2015-01-01

162

Helpline to address sexuality needs  

OpenAIRE

Expanding reproductive health services to better address sexuality and sexual health issues is a challenge in many countries. This article discusses the sexuality counselling services of Talking About Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues (TARSHI), provided through an anonymous telephone helpline where people call in and discuss any issue relating to sexuality that they want. The article is based on a study on behalf of the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in India, 2007, titled: Assessing the ...

Khanna, R.

2010-01-01

163

Sexual Behavior, Sexual Knowledge, and Sexual Attitudes of Emerging Adult Women: Implications for Working with Families  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to examine the sexual behavior of emerging adult women in relation to their sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and perceptions of their parents' sexual attitudes; and second, to discuss the implications of this research in working with young adult women. Three hundred and sixty-four college-age women…

Byno, Lucy H.; Mullis, Ronald L.; Mullis, Ann K.

2009-01-01

164

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cancer may develop, which can ultimately lead to death. There is no cure for AIDS, but there ... such as liver failure, cancers, neurological problems and death! Preventing STDs is possible by following simple sexual ...

165

Female Sexual Dysfunction  

Science.gov (United States)

... Emotional Causes Mental distress: stress, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, past sexual abuse, fear of unwanted pregnancy Relationship issues: boredom, anger, power struggles, abuse (physical or emotional) Religious or cultural ...

166

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. Usually infections ... be very successful. These diseases include HIV, herpes, hepatitis and human papillomavirus. If you never take part ...

167

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... checkups for STDs, even if you do NOT notice symptoms. These tests can be done during a routine visit to your doctor's office. This is particularly important when you begin a new sexual relationship. You ...

168

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... may go undetected at first because symptoms usually start out very mild and can disappear suddenly. The ... sexual relationship. However, it is needed to help stop the transmission of these diseases. Treatment & Prevention The ...

169

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... Transmitted Diseases Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most common infectious diseases in the United States. There are more than 20 STDs, the most deadly being ...

170

Sexuality and Dementia  

Science.gov (United States)

... A + A You are here Home Sexuality and Dementia Printer-friendly version Coping with Changes in Your ... said Jerry, who cared for his wife with dementia. At a recent conference of the Caregiver Resource ...

171

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when they invade the ... People who have AIDS have a weak immune system and their body cannot fight off disease very ...

172

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The exam includes a thorough check of the ... for various microorganisms. Women will have a pelvic examination. Swabs from inside the vagina and the cervix ...

173

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get nourishment from ... called crabs, are an example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. ...

174

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... common STDs that are caused by viruses are AIDS, genital herpes, and genital warts. This section discusses each of them in greater detail. AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused ...

175

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the cervix is similar to a Pap smear. Urine test and blood tests may also be done to ... when: • There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal drug habits are involved. • You know very little about ...

176

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. ... that are caused by viruses are AIDS, genital herpes, and genital warts. This section discusses each of ...

177

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... mean that the person is cured. Many viruses sleep and re-attack from time to time. This ... medical check-up consists of a detailed sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The ...

178

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. This reference summary reviews some common STDs and how they can be ...

179

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that you can get from having sex with someone who has the infection. The causes ... is no cure. Sometimes medicines can keep the disease under control. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly ...

180

Sexual Abuse of Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Canadian reports and legislation are reviewed to highlight the school's role in prevention and reporting of suspicions of child sexual abuse. The vulnerability of handicapped children and child pornography are two areas of victimization emphasized. (Author/DB)

Csapo, Marg

1988-01-01

181

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

Science.gov (United States)

... Family Support FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation What is child pornography? Federal law (18 U.S.C. §2256(8)) defines ... a person under the age of 18. Is child pornography a crime? It is a federal crime to ...

182

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... shampoo. In pregnant women, STDs can cause: • Spontaneous abortion • Low birth weight • Premature birth • Permanent neurological damage ... higher when: • There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal drug habits are involved. • You know very little ...

183

Educar en conductas sexuales saludables: una innovación docente en promoción de la salud / Education about healthy sexual behaviors among high school students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 year [...] s (34 females), attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.

María A, García G; Guillermo A, Cañadas-De la Fuente; Emilio, González-Jiménez; Rafael, Fernández Castillo; Inmaculada, García-García.

1269-12-01

184

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas / The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da f [...] unção sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos. Abstract in english Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed b [...] y four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lúcia Alves da Silva, Lara; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e, Silva; Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata, Romão; Flavia Raquel Rosa, Junqueira.

2008-06-01

185

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT, uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos.Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara

2008-06-01

186

The implications of sexual narcissism for sexual and marital satisfaction.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, we examined the extent to which the facets of a domain-specific measure of sexual narcissism accounted for the trajectories of own and partner sexual and marital satisfaction over the first five years of 120 new marriages. Three of the four facets of sexual narcissism (sexual exploitation, sexual entitlement, and low sexual empathy) were negatively associated with both trajectories. The fourth facet (sexual skill) was positively associated with both trajectories. Notably, sexual satisfaction mediated the effect of every facet of sexual narcissism on marital satisfaction. A global assessment of narcissism was not associated with either trajectory of satisfaction. These findings highlight (1) the importance of narcissistic tendencies for sexual processes, (2) the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality in research on sexual behavior, and (3) the importance of examining the implications of the specific facets of personality constructs. PMID:23297145

McNulty, James K; Widman, Laura

2013-08-01

187

The measurement of sexual selection on females and males  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As in any field of research, the study of sexual selection is subject to ongoing debate over definitions and interpretations of the fundamental concepts involved. These arguments generally promote progress, as they highlight areas where current explanations are incomplete. Here we briefly review two ongoing discussions in the sexual selection literature. First, the definition of sexual selection has received renewed interest in light of increasing research effort into when and how it operates in females. Second, how best to measure sexual selection is an ongoing subject of debate; in practice, recognition that the appropriate measures depend on the focus of the specific study, and that multiple measures should be employed wherever possible, seems to provide the most informative approach. The wide scope of recent empirical work in these and related areas, with the application of new techniques and approaches, reflects that the field of sexual selection is being constantly expanded and enriched [Current Zoology 59 (4: 558–563, 2013].

Karoline FRITZSCHE, Isobel BOOKSMYTHE

2013-08-01

188

Abuso sexual intrafamiliar  

OpenAIRE

O abuso sexual intrafamiliar praticado contra a criança e o adolescente constitui uma das mais graves modalidades de violência doméstica. Estas ofensas ocasionam danos permanentes na personalidade e na identidade sexual da vítima. A ausência de um perfil homogéneo do abusador e o silêncio com que ocorre o abuso evidenciam a necessidade de o problema ser pesquisado com maior profundidade. O presente estudo tem por objetivo analisar os eventos criminais cometidos por reclusos acusados...

Ribau, Ma?rcia Martins

2014-01-01

189

[Acquiring a sexual identity].  

Science.gov (United States)

Progressive acquisition from childhood onwards to adulthood of a procreative and psycho-emotional sexual identity is presented in all its bio-psycho-social complexity. Gender identity disorders (GDI) and the different sexual orientations (hetero-, homo- or bisexual) are included with their possible etiologies. Different medico-psycho-social programs and projects are presented targeting persons having difficulties in this developmental process of their identity. PMID:23547360

Kjellberg, G

2013-03-20

190

Crowdsourcing Sexual Objectification  

OpenAIRE

This paper analyzes the criminal offence of the non-consensual distribution of intimate images (what some call “revenge porn”). Focussing on the debate currently underway in Canada, it notes that such an offence would fill a grey area in that country’s criminal law. Arguing, more broadly, that the criminal law has an important expressive function, the paper posits that the offence targets the same general type of wrongdoing—sexual objectification—that undergirds sexual assault. Whi...

Carissima Mathen

2014-01-01

191

Constructing a sexual self: Latino adolescent sexuality  

OpenAIRE

Prominent theoreticians in adolescent sexuality have called for research that is contextual, health-focused, gender balanced, and from the perspective of the adolescent, noting that scales developed by Buzwell and Rosenthal (1996) are promising. Cross-cultural validation of the measures in the U.S. should include Chicano adolescents, as they are the fastest growing ethnic group. Contextual issues for this population include the role of culture, the role of the family, country of origin, and a...

Bourdeau, Elisabeth Y.

2004-01-01

192

Rural-to-Urban Migration and Sexual Debut in Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

Migration from one's parents' home and sexual debut are common features of the transition to adulthood. Although many studies have described both of these features independently, few have examined the relationship between migration and sexual debut in a systematic manner. In this study, we explore this link for young adults in Thailand. With relatively high rates of internal migration, rapid modernization, a moderate HIV epidemic, and a declining average age of sexual debut, Thailand presents an instructive environment in which to examine migration and sexual debut. We use two waves of a longitudinal data set (2005 and 2007) that includes a subsample of young adults who migrated to urban areas during that period. We identify characteristics and behaviors associated with sexual debut and examine the role of migration on debut. Our approach reduces several common sources of bias that hamper existing work on both migration and sexual debut: (1) the longitudinal nature of the data enables us to examine the effects of characteristics that predate both behaviors of interest; (2) the survey on sexual behavior employed a technique that reduces response bias; and (3) we examine differences in debut by marital status. We find that migrants have a higher likelihood of sexual debut than nonmigrants. PMID:25145326

Anglewicz, Philip; VanLandingham, Mark; Phuengsamran, Dusita

2014-10-01

193

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent.  

Science.gov (United States)

Misperceiving a woman's platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women's sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sexual intent in women's behavior. However, there is evidence to suggest that this gender effect may be driven largely by a sub-group of men who are particularly prone to perceive sexual intent in women's behavior, such as sexually coercive men and men who endorse sex-role stereotypes. Situational factors, such as alcohol use by the man or woman, provocative clothing, and dating behaviors (e.g., initiating the date or making eye contact), are all associated with increased estimates of women's sexual interest. We also critique the current measurement strategies and introduce a model of perception that more closely maps on to important theoretical questions in this area. A clearer understanding of sexual perception errors and the etiology of these errors may serve to guide sexual-assault prevention programs toward more effective strategies. PMID:17462798

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A; Viken, Richard J; McFall, Richard M

2008-01-01

194

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?  

Science.gov (United States)

Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sexual intent in women’s behavior. However, there is evidence to suggest that this gender effect may be driven largely by a sub-group of men who are particularly prone to perceive sexual intent in women’s behavior, such as sexually coercive men and men who endorse sex-role stereotypes. Situational factors, such as alcohol use by the man or woman, provocative clothing, and dating behaviors (e.g., initiating the date or making eye contact), are all associated with increased estimates of women’s sexual interest. We also critique the current measurement strategies and introduce a model of perception that more closely maps on to important theoretical questions in this area. A clearer understanding of sexual perception errors and the etiology of these errors may serve to guide sexual-assault prevention programs toward more effective strategies. PMID:17462798

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; McFall, Richard M.

2010-01-01

195

What about sexual life after therapy for prostate cancer?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The precise assessment of sexual dysfunction after treatment of prostatic cancer cannot be avoided in 2002. These iatrogenic complications may significantly alter the quality of life of the patients. In addition, sexual toxicity is progressively becoming a cardinal parameter for the treatment choice, both for the patient and the physician. Significant efforts allowed to reduce sexual toxicity after therapy in the recent years. As an example, nerve-sparing surgical techniques have been proposed, whenever reasonable. However, in spite of these surgical advances, data suggest that overall, the new irradiation techniques (conformal radiotherapy and brachytherapy) are responsible for less alteration of sexual life than surgery. Another potential advantage is that sildenafil (Viagra) is able to restore potency in a majority of cases after radiotherapy, while it is usually poorly effective after surgery. (author)

196

Sexual abuse and incest  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Incest, which is the severest form of child sexual abuse is defined as the sexual behaviours between close relatives whose marriage is illegal or describes inappropriate sexual behaviours within a family relation framework. Incestous relation is accepted as a taboo, therefore it is frequently a secret within the family and is a chronic process which is hard to recognize. It is important to recognize and prevent incest because it is more difficult to be revealed compared to other forms of abuse and results in severe and long term consequences in victims. Physical, emotional and social consequences of incest are very severe and last for a lifetime. Prevention of incest is closely linked to prevention of child sexual abuse. Collaboration of different parts of child protection system, namely, healthcare system, social services, law enforcement and legal systems; and a well structured education of the professionels working in the field as well as sensitive media which helps awareness raising about child sexual abuse may be effective means of prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 159-64

Medine Ay?in Ta?ar

2012-09-01

197

[Sexual function after radical prostatectomy: update of 2009].  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostate cancer is more frequently diagnosed in young males. It is then of utmost importance to improve preservation and recovery of sexual function. The surgical technique of radical prostatectomy has evolved and erectile nerve sparing allows now to achieve recovery in an important proportion of selected patients. However, rehabilitation and sexual counselling protocols are rare and may not include the partner. This has led us to propose a specific urologic and sexologic associated management. PMID:20088119

Tran, S-N; Rollini, C; Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Iselin, C

2009-12-01

198

Sexual Abuse, Incest, and Sexual Exploitation: Mental Health Practitioners' Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on a 33-item questionnaire based on Alexander G. Zaphiris's conceptualization of the terminology of sexual mistreatment. Results indicate that mental health counselors (N=300) who encountered sexual abuse, incest, and sexual exploitation agreed with Zaphiris's conceptualization but did not use this system of classification in actual…

Freet, Mary A.; Scalise, Joseph J.; Ginter, Earl J.

1996-01-01

199

Feminist approach to sexuality counselling  

OpenAIRE

This article discusses the results of a descriptive study done with Coletivo Feminista de Sexualidade e Saúde (Feminist Sexuality and Health Collective), a Brazilian programme that provides counselling on sexuality-related issues.

Chacham, A. S.; Hilber, A. M.

2010-01-01

200

Sexual dysfunctions in depression.  

Science.gov (United States)

The incidence of sexual dysfunctions in a group of 51 drug-free depressed patients and in age- and sex-matched controls was studied. Three groups of sexual dysfunction were assessed: alterations of libido, genital symptoms, and menstrual irregularities. The Beck Rating Scale for Depression, the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were completed on each participant. Depressed patients obtained significantly higher scores on anxiety, depression, and alterations of libido than controls. Rating scale scores for anxiety and depression were strongly intercorrelated, making the separation of depression-related symptoms from anxiety difficult. In males, the genital symptoms correlated inversely with the L (lie) score of the Eysenck Personality Inventory. There were no interrelationships between the three groups of sexual dysfunction. PMID:7149967

Mathew, R J; Weinman, M L

1982-08-01

201

[Female sexuality and parenthood].  

Science.gov (United States)

From the child conception to the early years of life, couples generally present less sexual activity. Parenthood constraints are a burden for the couple's relationships. Generally, persistent sexual difficulties six months after delivery, despite those generated by depression or altered health raise the question of an alteration in the quality of the couple's relationships and lack of satisfaction of the mother with her partner's involvement in family life. Numerous parameters can be implied, especially with persistent trouble of desire, such as fatigue, body image problems and libido lessening of the partner due to modifications of his status. Women who presented sexual difficulties before pregnancy remain the same. In all cases, appropriate information can avoid the intimacy's difficulties and contribute to maintain pleasure and intimacy even when vaginal penetration remains difficult. PMID:25262091

Colson, M-H

2014-10-01

202

Associations between youth homelessness, sexual offenses, sexual victimization, and sexual risk behaviors: a systematic literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128

Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A

2015-01-01

203

Sexual Hookup Culture: A Review  

OpenAIRE

“Hookups,” or uncommitted sexual encounters, are becoming progressively more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. Hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex, and penetrative intercourse. However, these encounters often transpire without any promise of, or desire for, a more traditional romantic relationship. A review of the literature suggests that these encounters...

Garcia, Justin R.; Reiber, Chris; Massey, Sean G.; Merriwether, Ann M.

2012-01-01

204

Sexual activity of Polish adults  

OpenAIRE

Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportun...

Beata Pastwa-Wojciechowska; Zbigniew Izdebski

2014-01-01

205

Physical fitness, aging, and sexuality.  

OpenAIRE

Sexuality is a major quality-of-life issue, even into advanced age. Although relatively few studies have addressed sexuality, most studies have emphasized the decline in both sexual performance and satisfaction with aging. In an effort to assess possible positive modifiers of the decline, we included questions concerning sexuality in a multipurpose 90-item questionnaire submitted to members of the Fifty Plus Fitness Association based in Stanford, California. This group is unique in its commit...

Bortz, W. M.; Wallace, D. H.

1999-01-01

206

[Sexuality and awareness levels].  

Science.gov (United States)

Is it our full consciousness during the day that conditions our next sleep or, on the contrary, is it what happens during our sleep. Including dreams, that conditions our following day? Something similar could be presumed about sexuality, prepared maybe during the unconsciousness of sleep rather than in a state of wakefulness, In this case the sexual and emotional situation of a couple could be quite different during the day and at the moment they are preparing themselves to sleep and lose consciousness. PMID:19365910

Abraham, G; Vlatkovic, D

2009-03-18

207

Sexuality during pregnancy  

OpenAIRE

Pregnancy is a very special period in every woman’s life, therefore we would like to combine it with other activities in our life, so we can enjoy every moment of it. Education and cultural believes have a huge impact on our acceptance of sexuality. Diploma paper aims at representing sexuality during pregnancy, the health educating role of a nurse and to research whether the pregnant women are well informed about the subject. We would like to test the argument whether pregnant women be...

Kostanjevec, Sonja

2011-01-01

208

Sexuality and Contraception for Developmentally Handicapped Persons  

OpenAIRE

Marked changes are occurring in the manner in which developmentally handicapped persons are being incorporated into society. These changes necessitate careful planning and review of the consequences of social interactions, including those of sexual development and fertility. Physicians and other health care workers should familiarize themselves with the current techniques of contraception as they apply to the developmentally handicapped and the current status of consent as it applies to thera...

Maclachlan, Richard; Peppin, Patricia

1986-01-01

209

Sexual activity of Polish adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportunity to express feelings of closeness and unity. Material and method. The research was conducted on a representative group of 3,200 Poles aged between 15–49, with the support of a well-known Polish research company – TNS OBOP. Face-to-face and Pencil and Paper (PAPI interviews were carried out. Results. The results focus on two main issues: the age and motives of sexual initiation among teenagers (with a significant percentage starting their sexual activity at the age of 15, and the quality of the sexual lives of adults (average number of sexual partners, sexual infidelity and sexual satisfaction. Conclusion. There is dependence between the type of relationship and the performance or non-performance of sexual activity, as well as the quality of the relationship. Among both adolescents and adults, remaining in a stable relationship (partnership or marriage promotes loyalty. The performance of sexual goals turns out to be an important mechanism regulating the interpersonal aspects of a relationship, influencing their perception and evaluation.

Beata Pastwa-Wojciechowska

2014-03-01

210

AIDS Knowledge and Sexual Responsibility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines knowledge about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and sexual behavior among 221 midwestern high school and 153 college students. Findings for the 187 males and 187 females studied show that females were more knowledgeable about AIDS and more sexually responsible than males, and AIDS knowledge and level of sexual activity were…

Lamport, Lynda L.; Andre, Thomas

1993-01-01

211

Recovery After Stroke: Redefining Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

Recovery After Stroke: Redefining Sexuality Part of getting back into a normal routine involves resuming a healthy sex life. The need to love and be ... body and how you feel. Both can affect sexuality. Stroke survivors often report a decrease in sexual ...

212

Sexuality Education as a Ministry  

Science.gov (United States)

The author describes her development from being her religious congregation's sexuality educator to completing doctoral studies and finding her place in the professional sexuality education community. She equates sexuality education to a ministry that reaches out to those in need of knowledge.

Davis, Melanie J.

2011-01-01

213

[Endocrinological diseases, metabolic diseases, sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexuality is regularly evaluated in media surveys. Relations between sexual problems and some chronic pathologies as diabetes or metabolic syndrome have been brought to light. Androgen deficiency in the aging male has become a topic of increasing interest. Hormones play an important role in sexual function and relation between hormonal status and metabolic data are now well established. PMID:25239542

Lemaire, Antoine

2014-10-01

214

Preferential attachment in sexual networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many social networks are characterized by a highly uneven distribution of links. The observed skewed distributions have in several cases been attributed to preferential attachment (PA), a tendency among nodes in a growing network to form new links preferentially to nodes with high numbers of links. We test the PA conjecture in sexual contact networks. A maximum likelihood estimation-based expectation-maximization fitting technique is used to model new partners over a 1-year period based on the number of partners in foregoing periods of 2 years, 4 years, and lifetime. The PA model is modified to account for individual heterogeneity in the inclination to find new partners and fitted to Norwegian survey data on heterosexual men and women. Results show evidence of nonrandom, sublinear PA when comparing the growth in 3- to 5-year periods. The potential implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:17578929

de Blasio, Birgitte Freiesleben; Svensson, Ake; Liljeros, Fredrik

2007-06-26

215

Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms  

OpenAIRE

Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such a...

Rutkowski, Krzysztof; Dembin?ska, Edyta; Mu?ldner-nieckowski, ?ukasz; Klasa, Katarzyna; Soban?ski, Jerzy A.; Cyranka, Katarzyna

2013-01-01

216

Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas.Method. The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO„0” Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disordersResults. In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education. Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms – ‘non-sexual’, such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances.Conclusions. The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.

Rutkowski, Krzysztof

2013-06-01

217

Sexual revictimization among sexual minorities: A preliminary study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined patterns of sexual assault and its psychological correlates among gay men, lesbians, and bisexual men and women (GLB). A community sample of 342 GLB individuals completed questionnaires assessing victimization history and psychological functioning. Nearly 63% of participants reported some form of sexual assault, and nearly 40% reported sexual revictimization, defined as contact or penetrative sexual assault reported in both childhood and adulthood. Gay men and bisexual men and women were more likely to report sexual revictimization than lesbians. Sexual victimization was associated with greater psychological distress, with sexually revictimized individuals reporting the highest levels of psychological symptomatology. The implications of these findings are discussed, and suggestions for future directions are offered. PMID:16281251

Heidt, Jennifer M; Marx, Brian P; Gold, Sari D

2005-10-01

218

Abuso sexual en la niñez  

OpenAIRE

El abuso sexual en la niñez se presenta en dos grandes modalidades: el abuso sexual familiar (también conocido como incesto), y la explotación sexual comercial de niños/as y adolescentes (conocida como trata de personas con fines sexuales). Ambas modalidades afectan a millones de niños/as en todo el mundo. El objetivo de este artículo es ofrecer una panorámica en torno al abuso sexual que ocurre al interior de las fami-lias. Para ello se revisan algunos conceptos en torno al abuso, sus...

Ricardo García-Jaime

2013-01-01

219

Sexual dysfunction and infertility as late effects of cancer treatment  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual dysfunction is a common consequence of cancer treatment, affecting at least half of men and women treated for pelvic malignancies and over a quarter of people with other types of cancer. Problems are usually linked to damage to nerves, blood vessels, and hormones that underlie normal sexual function. Sexual dysfunction also may be associated with depression, anxiety, relationship conflict, and loss of self-esteem. Innovations in cancer treatment such as robotic surgery or more targeted radiation therapy have not had the anticipated result of reducing sexual dysfunction. Some new and effective cancer treatments, including aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer or chemoradiation for anal cancer also have very severe sexual morbidity. Cancer-related infertility is an issue for younger patients, who comprise a much smaller percentage of total cancer survivors. However, the long-term emotional impact of being unable to have a child after cancer can be extremely distressing. Advances in knowledge about how cancer treatments may damage fertility, as well as newer techniques to preserve fertility, offer hope to patients who have not completed their childbearing at cancer diagnosis. Unfortunately, surveys in industrialised nations confirm that many cancer patients are still not informed about potential changes to their sexual function or fertility, and all modalities of fertility preservation remain underutilised. After cancer treatment, many patients continue to have unmet needs for information about restoring sexual function or becoming a parent. Although more research is needed on optimal clinical practice, current studies suggest a multidisciplinary approach, including both medical and psychosocial treatment options.

Schover, Leslie R.; van der Kaaij, Marleen; van Dorst, Eleonora; Creutzberg, Carien; Huyghe, Eric; Kiserud, Cecilie E.

2014-01-01

220

Exposure to media content and sexual health behaviour among adolescents in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of adolescents' exposure to sexual health content of mass media in their sexual health behaviour in Nigeria is still not clear. Data were gathered through a survey conducted among adolescents aged 12-19 years in Lagos metropolis between November 2009 and February 2010. A multistage sampling strategy was adopted in selecting respondents. Logistic regression technique was utilised in the analysis. The results indicate that the respondents were most frequently exposed to TV (male = 92.2; female = 94.9) and radio (male = 88.2; female = 91.7) media. The odds ratios indicate that sexual health content of mass media significantly predicted condom use, multiple sexual relationship, sexual intercourse and self reported occurrence of abortion in the study sample. The findings imply that positive media sexual health content is likely to promote sexual health among adolescents but negative contents can put adolescents' sexual health in danger. In addition, safe sex can be advanced among adolescents if the media provide accurate information on sexuality, emphasising the dangers of risky sexual practices. Finally, this study posits that accurate portrayal of sexuality in the media would contribute immensely to improving public health in the metropolis. PMID:24069761

Wusu, Onipede

2013-06-01

221

Contextualizing Sexual Objectification  

Science.gov (United States)

The preceding articles provide an excellent overview of relatively recent theory and research on sexual objectification of women from a psychological perspective. Importantly, the authors have contributed to the literature through their conceptual extensions and research applications of objectification theory. In this reaction piece, our goals are…

Fischer, Ann R.; Bettendorf, Sonya K.; Wang, Yu-Wei

2011-01-01

222

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... done during a routine visit to your doctor's office. This is particularly important when you begin a new sexual relationship. You should also learn to recognize common symptoms of STDs. Seek medical help immediately if any suspicious symptoms develop, even ...

223

Rescheduling Child Sexual Trajectories  

Science.gov (United States)

The author comments on Diederik Janssen's essay "ReQueering Queer Youth Development: A Post-Developmental Approach to Childhood and Pedagogy," commenting that Janssen's analysis can inform both both materialist and post-structuralist understandings of children's sexuality by shifting focus from children as fetishized objects or as a group…

Yuill, Richard

2008-01-01

224

Teen Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

During your teens you go through puberty and become sexually mature. If you're a girl, you develop breasts and begin to get your period. If you're a boy, your penis and testicles become larger. If you have sex, you could get pregnant or get someone pregnant. Whether you choose to have sex or not, it is ...

225

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get nourishment from the person they infect. The infected person is called the ... Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. They cling together to feed from the ...

226

Child Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

... When sexual abuse occurs within the family, the child may fear the anger, jealousy or shame of other family members, or be ... make the child extremely fearful of telling, and only when a special effort has helped the child to feel safe, can the child talk freely. ...

227

Sexuality in Women of Childbearing Age  

OpenAIRE

Women of childbearing age have health-care needs related to sexuality. The health-care needs that are most obvious are the need for contraception and the need for the prevention and treatment of vaginal and sexually transmitted infections. Although providers may have questions related to sexual activity, sexual orientation, sexual practices, sexual satisfaction, and intimate partner violence on patient history forms, they often offer little discussion on issues related to sexuality unless the...

Lewis, Judith A.; Black, Jennifer J.

2006-01-01

228

Sexual compatibility in medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from different origins  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of the Sterile Insect Technique to control and/or eradicate insect pest populations has been extensively applied to medfly. However, patented differences in sexual compatibility between populations or strains from different origins has been a serious concern to a wider use of sterile flies, and in particular sterile males of genetic sexing strains (GSS). In the present experiments, the sexual compatibility and mating performance of flies from 9 countries representing 5 continents and 4 GSS were measured. It is demonstrated that, from a qualitative standpoint, wild medfly populations world-wide have not yet evolved specific sexual behaviors indicative of incipient pre-mating isolation mechanisms under local natural selection. Wild medfly populations are as sexually compatible with GSS as they are with other wild populations. On that basis, the same mass reared strain can now be used worldwide, as long as it fulfills the standard quality control requirements. (author)

229

Conditioning and sexual behavior: a review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual behavior is directed by a sophisticated interplay between steroid hormone actions in the brain that give rise to sexual arousability and experience with sexual reward that gives rise to expectations of competent sexual activity, sexual desire, arousal, and performance. Sexual experience allows animals to form instrumental associations between internal or external stimuli and behaviors that lead to different sexual rewards. Furthermore, Pavlovian associations between internal and external stimuli allow animals to predict sexual outcomes. These two types of learning build upon instinctual mechanisms to create distinctive, and seemingly "automated," patterns of sexual response. This article reviews the literature on conditioning and sexual behavior with a particular emphasis on incentive sequences of sexual behavior that move animals from distal to proximal with regard to sexual stimuli during appetitive phases of behavior and ultimately result in copulatory interaction and mating during consummatory phases of behavior. Accordingly, the role of learning in sexual excitement, in behaviors that bring about the opportunity to mate, in courtship and solicitation displays, in sexual arousal and copulatory behaviors, in sexual partner preferences, and the short- and long-term influence of copulatory experience on sexual and reproductive function is examined. Although hormone actions set the stage for sexual activity by generating the ability of animals to become sexually excited and aroused, it is each animal's unique experience with sexual behavior and sexual reward that molds the strength of responses made toward sexual incentives. PMID:11534994

Pfaus, J G; Kippin, T E; Centeno, S

2001-09-01

230

Sexually related trauma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many men and women practice a broad range of voluntary sexual activities, most of which are harmless. The only erotic activities that have an unacceptable risk for injury are vaginal insufflation during pregnancy, and fist fornication. Many minor injuries of the genital, oral, and anal areas do occur but most require only symptomatic therapy. Vaginal lacerations focus primarily around the posterior fourchette, although the few most serious ones tend to be high in the vault. Following anal sex, minor rectal bleeding from anal fissures or small mucosal tears is neither uncommon nor serious. Although retained rectal foreign bodies may present a challenge to the physician's imagination, most can be removed in the Emergency Department, and laparotomy rarely is required. Rectal perforations and sphincter injuries are uncommon but may be caused by foreign objects. Rape is a common crime of violence in which a man uses sex as a weapon. A post-traumatic psychological syndrome, with both short-term and long-term dysfunctional elements, almost uniformly follows the attack. Oral and anal sex are part of the assault in many cases. Nongenital injuries may be documented in 40 per cent, but only 4 per cent are serious, and fewer than 1 per cent require hospitalization. Genital injuries can be found with special staining in almost 50 per cent of cases, but only 1 per cent will need repair. Men represent only 5 per cent of the adult sexual assault cases, but they tend to suffer more physical injury. Both rape and sexual child abuse are grossly underreported. Sexual misuse of children has a family focus and is appallingly common. The emotional impact on the child is largely a function of the family's reaction. When strangers are involved in the abuse there is more chance of injury. Significant fresh injury will be found in only 8 per cent and is most likely to be anogenital. Findings of chronic sexual abuse will be present in one third, however. Boys are the victims in 15 per cent of cases. Physicians must be educated and vigilant for sexually related injuries because people frequently will delay treatment and then provide misleading histories because of embarrassment. PMID:3292221

Geist, R F

1988-08-01

231

Predictores psicosociales del comportamiento sexual  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Desde un abordaje psicosocial, que subraya el papel de los aspectos motivacionales e interpersonales como reguladores del comportamiento humano, este trabajo pretende probar un modelo para predecir la conducta sexual en una muestra de adultos en un contexto urbano de México. En la investigación participaron 209 adultos (63% mujeres y 37% varones, quienes respondieron una serie de instrumentos de autoreporte. Para cada dimensión de la conducta sexual evaluada, se llevaron a cabo análisis de regresión múltiple, utilizando el método jerárquico. Los resultados muestran que a la motivación sexual física y el amor consumado (amistoso y erótico predicen de manera confiable la frecuencia con la que las personas practican el contacto físico (no genital y la seducción; b la motivación sexual física, el apego inseguro (miedoso, preocupado y rechazante, el amor consumado, el amor lúdico y la orientación sociosexual predicen la frecuencia con que se tiene contacto sexual; c el amor consumado, el amor pragmático, el amor lúdico y la orientación sociosexual predice el frecuencia con la que se practica el autoerotismo; y d la motivación sexual física, la motivación sexual emocional y la orientación sociosexual lograron predecir el número de parejas sexuales que se han tenido a lo largo de la vida. Los hallazgos de esta investigación permiten afirmar que la diversidad de motivos sexuales subyacen y pueden explicar la variabilidad del comportamiento sexual (Browning et al., 2000, de la misma manera que las formas de interacción afectiva tienen el poder de regularlo (Peña Sánchez, 2003.

Georgina Garc\\u00EDa Rodr\\u00EDguez

2011-01-01

232

Sexual Behavior in Adults with Autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the sexual behavior of 89 adults with autism living in group homes found that the majority of individuals were engaging in some form of sexual behavior. Masturbation was the most common sexual behavior; however, person-oriented sexual behaviors with obvious signs of arousal were also found. Information regarding group home sexuality

Van Bourgondien, Mary E.; And Others

1997-01-01

233

["Perpetrators" of sexual abuse].  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred men accused of sexual offences were, based on written documents, divided into three groups- "real" offences (n = 65), "false" offences (n = 18). The remaining 17 cases were evaluated as obscure. The "false" group was older, less frequently single, had a lower rate of sexual dysfunctions, paraphilias and personality disorders. Computer phalography differentiated the two groups rather well-about half the men in the "true" group suffered from paraphilias. This fact was associated with a higher femininity score during childhood in these patients. In the "false" group in the majority relatives or acquaintances of the victim and her mother were involved. The reason for the false accusation were most frequently property disputes or disputes regarding child custody, less frequently a mental disorder of the mother or iatropathogenic factors. All workers concerned with the above problem should take into account also possible non-substantiated indictments which may have an equally negative impact on the participating parties as real accusations. PMID:8768934

Raboch, J

1996-02-01

234

Sexual communication and sexual behavior among young adult heterosexual latinos.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined verbal sexual health communication, pleasure discussions, and physical sexual communication in relation to condom use by young adult, heterosexual Latinos (ages 18-30 years). Participants (N = 220, 51% female) were recruited in a Midwestern state. Verbal sexual health communication was positively associated with consistent condom use among men (odds ratio [OR] = 2.66, p HIV-prevention programs with young Latinos. Physical sexual communication and pleasure discussions, in particular, warrant further exploration given negative relationships with condom use. PMID:25305027

Alvarez, Carmen; Bauermeister, José A; Villarruel, Antonia M

2014-01-01

235

[Child sexual exploitation].  

Science.gov (United States)

Child Sexual Exploitation is a complex phenomenon in our country and the world; it dates back to an ancient past but it has a very recent conceptualization and specific approach. This article proposes a tour through this process as well as some inputs for its categorization, the attention to the affected subjects by the very design of public policies taken from a concrete institutional experience. PMID:19812796

Cabello, María F; Castaldi, Paula D; Cataldo, Andrea M

2009-01-01

236

Talking about sexuality  

OpenAIRE

This essay reflects on the thoughts and experiences of social workers in child protection agencies when it comes to talking about sexuality with teenagers, age 13-20, who is being subjected to inquiry. The research is qualitative and based on five semi-structured interviews. It has a phenomenological position and has been analyzed hermeneutically through cognitive and gender theory. Previous research shows that youths who get in contact with child protection often have issues about their sexu...

Stener, Sofie; Skogstro?m, Lovisa

2009-01-01

237

Sexual selection in fungi  

OpenAIRE

The significance of sexual selection, the component of natural selection associated with variation in mating success, is well established for the evolution of animals and plants, but not for the evolution of fungi. Even though fungi do not have separate sexes, most filamentous fungi mate in a hermaphroditic fashion, with distinct sex roles, that is, investment in large gametes (female role) and fertilization by other small gametes (male role). Fungi compete to fertilize, analogous to male-mal...

Nieuwenhuis, B. P. S.; Aanen, D. K.

2012-01-01

238

Mental disability and sexuality  

OpenAIRE

In this chapter, a theoretical model and a method of intervention, which enable to orientate in the extremely unique field of the applications of sexology to handicap psychology and education, will be briefly explained. Any sexual and affective behaviour can be subject to the interference of disabilities thus resulting, at least partially, non adaptive. The main deficits affect cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective, interpersonal and, occasionally, motory skills.

Veglia, Fabio

2004-01-01

239

Evolución y orientación sexual  

OpenAIRE

La teoría evolutiva propuesta por Darwin sugiere el mecanismo de la selección natural para explicar la forma como las especies se adaptaron, sobrevivieron y evolucionaron, y el mecanismo de la selección sexual para explicar su reproducción. De esta manera, postula que los rasgos adaptativos son reproducidos más sucesivamente que los rasgos desadaptativos. De acuerdo con esto, la selección natural debería favorecer la heterosexualidad, pues ésta facilita la r...

Franklin Giovanni Soler

2005-01-01

240

Sexual behaviour in cattle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Short duration or weak expression of oestrus are frequently cited as major reasons for poor results when artificial insemination of Bos indicus breeds is attempted. The existing literature on sexual behaviour certainly indicates that oestrus sometimes lasts for only a few hours in Bos indicus, but similar patterns are also reported in Bos taurus animals. The period of sexual receptivity in suckled Hereford or Hereford-dairy cross-breds maintained in small, totally confined groups ranged from 1 to 18 h, with a mean of 4.4 h and a median of 3.5 h. In totally confined Holstein cows the onset of the LH surge always followed the beginning of homosexual activity by 1 or 2 h even when the period of receptivity was very short. Thus, the beginning rather than the end of oestrus should be used for estimating ovulation time. The expression of sexual behaviour is modified by many factors, including environmental conditions, the number of peri-oestrous females in the group and the presence of observers. In Hereford beef, Holstein dairy and probably all other cattle breeds, the variability in duration and intensity of oestrous activity is very large, so generalizations on a typical individual behavioural pattern are not possible. (author). 39 refs, 1 fig., 2 tabs

241

Female sexual function and response.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although female sexual dysfunction is a problem with low priority, it can have a profound impact on quality of life. In women, the cycle of sexual response begins in the brain, where a memory, an image, a scent, music, or a fantasy acts as a trigger to prompt sexual arousal. Thus, the brain is really the key and starting place for treatment of sexual dysfunction. Decreased libido, altered arousal, inability to achieve orgasm, and dyspareunia are the four broad types of sexual dysfunction in women. Decreased libido, thought to be related to androgenic hormones, results in delayed or altered arousal, decreased vaginal lubrication and dilation, delayed or absent orgasm, and pain or dyspareunia, which can lead to an aversion to sexual experiences. PMID:14992322

Arcos, Barbara

2004-01-01

242

Does foreplay matter? Gammarus pulex females may benefit from long-lasting precopulatory mate guarding  

OpenAIRE

Precopulatory mate guarding (PCMG) is generally assumed to be costly for both sexes. However, males may gain by displaying long-lasting mate guarding under strong male–male competition. Surprisingly, the potential for females to benefit from being held by males has been largely overlooked in previous studies. In Gammarus pulex, an amphipod crustacean, PCMG lasts several weeks, yet females are described as bearing only cost from such male mating strategy. We investigated potential female ben...

Galipaud, Matthias; Dechaume-moncharmont, Franc?ois-xavier; Oughadou, Abderrahim; Bollache, Loi?c

2010-01-01

243

Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP. Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible relación con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI o no (CNI de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs. En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinanteThe sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs. Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is important but not determining

Jorge Luis Sell Lluveras

2001-12-01

244

Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP). Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible rela [...] ción con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI) o no (CNI) de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T) y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs). En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinante Abstract in english The sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction h [...] ormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopau

Jorge Luis, Sell Lluveras; Rubén Salvador, Padrón Durán; Caridad Teresita, García Álvarez; Franz, Torres Barbosa.

2001-12-01

245

Sexually transmitted diseases in Africa.  

OpenAIRE

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are defined as a group of communicable diseases which have in common that they are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact. The number of agents now known to be sexually transmitted include some 20 pathogens. Some of these agents (such as Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B-virus, human immunodeficiency virus) tend to replace the classical "venereal diseases" both in importance and frequency as these agents ar...

Schryver, A.; Meheus, A.

1990-01-01

246

Child Sexual Abuse, Links to Later Sexual Exploitation/High-Risk Sexual Behavior, and Prevention/Treatment Programs  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews the literature on the nature and incidence of child sexual abuse, explores the link between child sexual abuse and later sexual exploitation, and reviews the literature on prevention strategies and effective interventions in child sexual abuse services. Our understanding of the international epidemiology of child sexual abuse is considerably greater than it was just 10 years ago, and studies from around the world are examined. Childhood sexual abuse can involve a wide numbe...

Lalor, Kevin; Mcelvaney, Rosaleen

2010-01-01

247

What are mothers knowing about sexual education, how much are mothers giving sexual education to their daughters?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this research was to determine the sexual education that Turkish mothers taken and the sexual education that given to their daughters.Material and Methods: The population of this descriptive research was the women admitted to between 24 October 2005-24 March 2006 to Women Diseases-Birth and Child Diseases Hospital for treatment. Volunteer 192 mothers who have at least one daughter over aged 9 were taken the sample of this research.The data were collected via question form that prepared in the direction of the literature and using face to face technique. Question form included 30 questions about socio-demographic characteristics of mothers, the sexual education that mothers taken and that given to their daughters and the time that sexual education given/thought to given to their daughters. The analysis of data were used via descriptive statistically methods and chi-square test.Findings: It was determined that 65.6% of the mothers never talked to their own mothers about sexual subjects. The mothers who stated that they took sexual education 31,3% about the subject menstruation. 57,4% of the mothers thought that their sexual education that taken wasn’t useful. About half of the mothers (47,6% stated that they were informed about menstruation after menarche. It was determined that the mothers felt negative feelings as afraid (39,6% and shame (37% at menarche. They got some information about sexual subjects from their friends mostly except their own mothers (48,4%. 40,1% of the mothers stated that they shared sexual issues with their husbands. 60,8% of the mothers give sexual information to their own daughters. The sexual education subjects that the mothers shared with their daughters; menstruation (70,3%, the differences between the bodies of women and men (49,5%, sexual intercourse (20,8%, pregnancy (18,8% and contraceptive methods (16,7%. Time of sexual education was before menarch; menstruation (68,2%, adolescence time; body differences between male and female (41,5%, after adolescence time; sexual intercourse (42,6%, before marriage; pregnancy (26,5% and contraceptive methods (27,4%. The sexual education given by mothers and the mother age (p=0,000, mother education level (p=0,000, husband education level (p=0,000, living area (p=0,000, number of daughters (p=0,000, taking sexual education from own mothers (p=0,016, the usefulness of the taken sexual education (p=0,000 were compared, statistically significant difference was found.Conclusion: In this research, it was determined that according to the previous generation the ratio of the mothers who give sexual education to their daughters is higher but not enough.

Ay?egül Esra Bekta?

2010-02-01

248

[Sexual dysfunction induced by antidepressants].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual dysfunction is often concurrent with depressive disorders. Antidepressants may induce or augment sexual dysfunction as an adverse effect. About 40% of all patients treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or other serotonergic agents, report such effects. If sexual dysfunction is not adequately dealt with it may contribute to noncompliance and thus compromise treatment. For the norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitor bupropion, the incidence of sexual adverse effects is equal to that for placebo. Additional treatment with bupropion, or switching to mirtazapin or bupropion, may be effective. Studies in men have documented positive effects of concomitant treatment with sildenafil or tadalafil. PMID:20930882

Frost, Joachim; Sandvik, Pål; Spigset, Olav

2010-10-01

249

Health Risks among Sexual Minority Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

... from this Report What CDC Is Doing Health Risks Among Sexual Minority Youth Sexual minority youth—those ... lose weight or to keep from gaining weight) Risks by sexual identity Nine states and large urban ...

250

Sexual function after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n = 29 or traditional colporrhaphy (n = 27 treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (p<0.001. In the traditional colporrhaphy group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001. Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques.

Paulo Cezar Feldner Jr.

2012-08-01

251

Sexual networks: implications for the transmission of sexually transmitted infections.  

Science.gov (United States)

The structures of sexual networks are essential for understanding the dynamics of sexually transmitted infections. Standard epidemiological models largely disregard the complex patterns of intimate contacts. Social network analysis offers important insight into how to conceptualize and model social interaction and has the potential to greatly enhance the understanding of disease epidemics. PMID:12650777

Liljeros, Fredrik; Edling, Christofer R; Nunes Amaral, Luis A

2003-02-01

252

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

OpenAIRE

OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anqu...

Andrea Lopes Gallinaro; Lilian Lie Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba Otuzi; Percival Degrava Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto Gonçalves

2012-01-01

253

Psychopathology and Deviant Sexual Arousal in Incarcerated Sexual Offenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the relationship between psychopathology and deviant sexual arousal in sexual offenders (n=65), with approximately equal numbers of rapists and child molesters. Differentiating between rapists, extrafamilial pedophiles, and incest offenders revealed that the relationship between psychopathology and arousal was most apparent for…

Serin, Ralph C.; And Others

1994-01-01

254

Adolescent Sexuality: Pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Prevention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Special edition discusses adolescent sexuality, focusing on pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and prevention. The articles focus on demographics, risk factors, school-based risk reduction programs, contraception, early intervention, options, school-based prenatal and postpartum care programs, teenage parenting, abortion, HIV and AIDS,…

Santelli, John S.; And Others

1992-01-01

255

Sexuality among Adolescents with Moderate Disabilities: Promoting Positive Sexual Development  

Science.gov (United States)

Adolescents with moderate disabilities are not being given vital information regarding their sexuality and ways to behave responsibly with their peers. This article examines the laws that govern the education of all persons with disabilities, how societal norms and attitudes have contributed to this lack of sexuality knowledge, how these…

Harader, Dana L.; Fullwood, Harry; Hawthorne, Melissa

2009-01-01

256

Contact sexual offending by men with online sexual offenses.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is much concern about the likelihood that online sexual offenders (particularly online child pornography offenders) have either committed or will commit offline sexual offenses involving contact with a victim. This study addresses this question in two meta-analyses: the first examined the contact sexual offense histories of online offenders, whereas the second examined the recidivism rates from follow-up studies of online offenders. The first meta-analysis found that approximately 1 in 8 online offenders (12%) have an officially known contact sexual offense history at the time of their index offense (k = 21, N = 4,464). Approximately one in two (55%) online offenders admitted to a contact sexual offense in the six studies that had self-report data (N = 523). The second meta-analysis revealed that 4.6% of online offenders committed a new sexual offense of some kind during a 1.5- to 6-year follow-up (k = 9, N = 2,630); 2.0% committed a contact sexual offense and 3.4% committed a new child pornography offense. The results of these two quantitative reviews suggest that there may be a distinct subgroup of online-only offenders who pose relatively low risk of committing contact sexual offenses in the future. PMID:21173158

Seto, Michael C; Hanson, R Karl; Babchishin, Kelly M

2011-03-01

257

SEXUAL HEALTH BEHAVIORS OF ADOLESCENTS IN POKHARA, NEPAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent (10–19 years is a transition of age during which hazardous sexual health behaviors may be adopted; increasing vulnerability to several kinds of behavioral disorders like drug use, unsafe sexual act leading to reproductive ill health. Objective of the study was to assess sexual health behaviors of adolescents in Pokhara, Nepal. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 15–19 years adolescents studying in grades 11 and 12. Probability sampling techniques were applied. A structured, pretested, envelope sealed self administered questionnaire was distributed among all (1584 adolescents of the 11 and 12 grades of selected institutions. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (16 versions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. RESULTS: About 19.37% adolescents had sexual contact and male participation was higher than females (P<0.05. Nearly one fifth of unmarried were found to be involved in sexual activities and most of them had first sex between 15-19 years age (median age 15.26 years. Of those who had sex, 6.91% had adopted all the three: vaginal, oral and anal sexes and majority had single followed by 2-5 sex partners in their sexual intercourse in the last one year and last month. About 13.93% adolescents were found to be indulged in group sex. Most of them had sex with regular partners and commercial sex workers. More than eight out of every ten who had sex had used contraceptive methods and condom was method of choice (94.77%. CONCLUSIONS: Premarital sexual involvement was prevalent among adolescents; sex with commercial sex workers and non commercial sex partners was perceived to be risk. Behavior change intervention strategies need to be formulated and implemented to promote adolescent reproductive and sexual health.

Shrestha Niranjan

2012-07-01

258

Sexual narcissism and infidelity in early marriage.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is theoretical reason to believe that narcissism is associated with infidelity. Yet, studies that have examined this association have yielded inconsistent results. Given that these inconsistencies may have emerged because prior studies used global assessments of narcissism that do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, the current research drew from two longitudinal studies of 123 married couples to examine the extent to which sexual narcissism predicted marital infidelity. Consistent with the idea that narcissism predicts sexual behavior when activated in the sexual domain, own sexual narcissism was positively associated with infidelity, controlling for own marital and sexual satisfaction, own globally-assessed narcissism, partner globally-assessed narcissism, and partner sexual narcissism. Helping to explain why this association emerged, further analyses demonstrated that it was driven by all four facets of sexual narcissism-sexual exploitation, grandiose sense of sexual skill, sexual entitlement (Study 1 only), and lack of sexual empathy (husbands only). Additionally, although partner sexual narcissism was unrelated to infidelity on average, partners' grandiose sense of sexual skill and partners' sexual entitlement (Study 2 only) were positively associated with infidelity, and partners' lack of sexual empathy was negatively associated with infidelity (Study 2 only). These findings highlight the benefits of using domain-specific measures of sexual narcissism in research on sexual behavior and the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality more generally. PMID:24696386

McNulty, James K; Widman, Laura

2014-10-01

259

RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL / SEXUAL RISK IN ADOLESCENTS DEPENDING ON THE AGE OF SEXUAL DEBUT / RISCO SEXUAL EM ADOLESCENTES DE ACORDO COM A IDADE DE DEBUTE SEXUAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Na Espanha os jovens debutam sexualmente antes que em outros países; porém pouco se sabe com respeito à relação entre idade de debute sexual e o comportamento sexual nesta população. Analisam-se as práticas sexuais e o uso do preservativo segundo a idade de debute sexual em adolescentes espanhóis se [...] xualmente experimentados (N = 351); a idade média foi 15.9 anos (DT = .75, faixa: 14-18). Estabeleceram-se três grupos a partir da idade de debute sexual informada: debute sexual precoce (anterior aos 15 anos), média (15 anos) e tardio (posterior aos 15 anos). O grupo com debute sexual precoce praticou em maior medida masturbação mútua, coito vaginal e sexo oral, com um número de parceiros sexuais superior ao resto. O uso do preservativo na primeira relação sexual, a porcentagem de uso e o uso consistente do preservativo foi inferior no grupo de debute sexual precoce com respeito aos outros dois. O debute sexual anterior aos 15 anos foi associado com maior risco de contrair infecções sexuais por déficit no uso do preservativo e maior exposição sexual. Os descobrimentos deste estudo sugerem que a idade de debute sexual tem implicações na saúde sexual dos jovens. Abstract in spanish En España los jóvenes debutan sexualmente antes que en otros países; sin embargo, poco se sabe de la relación entre la edad de debut sexual y el comportamiento sexual en esta población. Se analizan las prácticas sexuales y el uso del preservativo según la edad de debut sexual en adolescentes español [...] es sexualmente experimentados (N = 351); la edad media fue 15.9 años (DT = .75, rango: 14-18). Se establecieron tres grupos a partir de la edad de debut sexual informada: debut sexual temprano (anterior a los 15 años), promedio (15 años) y tardío (posterior a los 15 años). El grupo con debut sexual temprano practicó en mayor medida masturbación mutua, coito vaginal y sexo oral, con un número de parejas sexuales superior al resto. El uso del preservativo en la primera relación sexual, el porcentaje de uso y el uso consistente del preservativo fue inferior en el grupo debut sexual temprano respecto a los otros dos. El debut sexual anterior a los 15 años se asoció con mayor riesgo de contraer infecciones sexuales por déficit en el uso del preservativo y mayor exposición sexual. Los hallazgos de este estudio sugieren que la edad de debut sexual tiene implicaciones en la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Abstract in english In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sex [...] ual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351). The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18). Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years), average (15 years) and late (later than 15 years). The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

JOSÉ P., ESPADA; ALEXANDRA, MORALES; MIREIA, ORGILÉS.

2014-06-01

260

Metric Sexual Dimorphism in Permanent Canines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The degree of sexual dimorphism of permanent human canines in cervical buccolingual and mesiodistal diameters was investigated through discriminant analyses. Measurements were recorded in 254 canines from 85 individuals in four populations and sex was estimated with multifactorial morphological methods. Age was similar assessed in order to rule it out as a factor. Tooth and body size were controlled for in three of the populations (56 individuals by the greatest buccolingual diameter of the right first molar of the corresponding jaw and the coronal diameter of the right femoral head, respectively. Age and tooth and body size were statistically insignificant factor2s (p > 0.05. Inter-observer error varied from 0.04 to 0.17 mm or 0.7-3.0% and was largely insignificant. Student’s t-tests found jaw was significant (p0.05 so measurements for both sides were averaged to increase the sample size. Sexual dimorphism was statistically insignificant for all four diameters individually or grouped with the exception of mandibular buccolingual width. Accuracy values ranged from 49-73% which, adjusted for a generous error margin from sexing techniques, became 39-58%. These results indicate that the landmarks, assemblages, or both do not exhibit significant sexual dimorphism. Future work should consider similar populations with different landmarks and/or the same landmarks on a different assemblage, preferably one of known sex.

Johanna Morgan

2011-06-01

261

Sexual Discordance and Sexual Partnering Among Heterosexual Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined characteristics of self-identified heterosexual women who were concordant or discordant in their sexual behavior and the association of discordance and sexual partnering among those aged 15-44 years from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (n = 7,353). Sexual concordance was defined as reporting a heterosexual identity and no female partners in the past year; discordance was reporting a heterosexual identity and having at least one female partner in the past year. Sexual partnering was defined as being concurrent, serially monogamous or monogamous with a male partner in the previous year. Polytomous logistic regression models evaluated the association between sexual discordance and sexual partnering. Among self-identified heterosexual, sexually active women, 11.2 % reported ever having had a same sex partner. Heterosexually discordant women who had both male and female partners in the previous year were 5.5 times as likely to report having a concurrent relationship (95 % CI 2.77-11.09) and 2.4 times as likely to report engaging in serially monogamous relationships (95 % CI 1.19-4.97) with male partners. Discordance between heterosexual identity and same sex behavior is a factor in risky behaviors. Women who have sex with women and men may act as bridges for the transmission of STDs, particularly to their female partners. Sexual education should include information inclusive of non-heteronormative behaviors and identities to provide sexual minorities with the tools and information they need. Clinical guidelines should ensure that all women are offered counseling and screening for reproductive and sexual health. PMID:24718674

Nield, Jennifer; Magnusson, Brianna; Brooks, Christopher; Chapman, Derek; Lapane, Kate L

2014-04-10

262

Child sexual abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Child sexual abuse with significant impact on victim's physical, mental and social health has now been recognized as existing on an appreciable scale worldwide. Diversity of opinions exist about the concept, types, prevalence and repercussions along with a paucity of systematic and scientific work in the developing world including Pakistan. Objective: This paper aims at reviewing the literature for clarification of concept, update of estimates and correlates, and to identify lines for future research. Data sources: The literature was search through BMJ-Medline for international data, supplemented by local data through CPSP-MEDLIP service. The search term child sexual abuse with associated sub-heads were used. No constraint of time period, publication type or source applied except english Language version Comparative findings: Wide variations identified in conceptual boundaries with consequent impact on prevalence estimates. Agreement found for its existence as an international problem with rates ranging from 7% - 36% for women and 3% - 29% for men. Female abused 1.5-3 times more than male with exponential high rates in age group 3-6 years and 8-11 years. In 2/3 cases the perpetrator identified belonged to nuclear or extended family. Significant association exists with early onset of psychiatric ailments like substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, dissociative disorders and depression. Conclusion and Suggestion: The need for extensive resand Suggestion: The need for extensive research studies in immense in developing countries like Pakistan where environmental circumstances suggest its presence at rates higher than the identified elsewhere. In addition to facilitate awareness and perhaps to clarify the concept as well as the prevalence of child sexual abuse researchers need to select methodologies and instruments with international comparison in mind. (author)

263

Intimate partner violence (physical and sexual) and sexually transmitted infection: results from Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Violence against women perpetrated by their intimate partners is a social problem with adverse health consequences. Intimate partner violence has acute and chronic as well as direct and indirect health consequences related to physical, psychological, and reproductive health. Studies exploring relationships of intimate partner violence and health consequences are rare in Nepal. Hence, this study aimed to examine the relationships between intimate partner violence and sexually transmitted infections. Method This study used data from the nationally representative Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011, which collected data through a two-stage complex sampling technique. Women 15–49 years were asked about domestic violence including intimate partner violence. For this analysis, 3,084 currently married women were included. Questions about domestic violence were adapted from the Conflict Tactic Scale. Relationships between different forms of physical and sexual intimate partner violence and reported signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results Approximately 15% of currently young and middle-aged married women experienced some form of violence in the last 12 months. About one in four women who were exposed to physical and sexual intimate partner violence reported sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months. The odds of getting sexually transmitted infection were 1.88 [95% CI:1.29, 2.73] times higher among women exposed to any form of intimate partner violence in the last 12 months compared to women not exposed to any form of intimate partner violence. Conclusion Intimate partner violence was common among currently married women in Nepal. Being exposed to intimate partner violence and getting signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted disease were found to be associated. Integration of intimate partner violence prevention and reproductive health programs is needed to reduce the burden of sexually transmitted disease among currently married women. PMID:24470776

Dhakal, Liladhar; Berg-Beckhoff, Gabriele; Aro, Arja R

2014-01-01

264

Identidad sexual y performatividad  

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Full Text Available This text intends to approach the question of sexual identity as it has been defined in queer theory, and particularly in Judith Butler's work. The notion of performativity, closely related to a conception of the social as an open field of power relations where all identity is a contingent and precarious stabilization, leads to a politicization of identity that implies a second step further from its denaturalization. Identity is the place from which we can articulate a resistance politics, and its open and incomplete character is what allows its resignification.

Córdoba García, David

2003-11-01

265

Sexual minority youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides an overview of the medical and mental health needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth population. Information is reviewed regarding both primary medical care and the special health risks that these youth face. Providers are introduced to the concept that societal and internalized homophobia lead directly to certain health disparities, including substance use, school and family rejection, depression, and increased sexually transmitted infection acquisition. This article familiarizes the primary care practitioner with the health care needs of the LGBT population and the research behind the various recommendations for caring for these youth. PMID:25124211

Steever, John; Francis, Jenny; Gordon, Lonna P; Lee, Janet

2014-09-01

266

Sexual Information and Internet Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article contains an annotated "webliography" containing Internet addresses and descriptions of pertinent Internet sexuality resources for the general public, adolescents, young adults, and older adults. Internet addresses for mental health professionals interested in working with sexual issues are provided as well as Web sites that contain…

Millner, Vaughn S.; Kiser, Jerry D.

2002-01-01

267

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Suicide  

Science.gov (United States)

... is suicidal and/or a victim of childhood sexual abuse, please contact a mental health professional, or call 1-800- ... attempts. 11 3 Resources Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN): www.rainn.org Sexual Assault Resource Agency: http://www.sexualassaultresources.org/ Suicide. ...

268

Do sexual e do coletivo  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An analysis of contemporary sexuality and subjectivity production, from a point of view that links sexuality to collectiveness and to the political processes that obstacle its expression. This perspective has psychopathological and political consequences, affecting also the capacity of producing social change in contemporary society

Cristina Mair Barros Rauter

2014-08-01

269

Teacher Negotiations of Sexual Subjectivities  

Science.gov (United States)

Discrimination often silences and marginalizes those who do not conform to the dominant gender and (hetero)sexual discourses that operate in broader society. This discussion addresses the ways that seventeen self-identified lesbian teachers working in New South Wales (NSW) Australia negotiate their sexual subjectivities at work in order to pass or…

Ferfolja, Tania

2007-01-01

270

Sexually transmitted proctitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é post [...] ergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common et [...] iologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.

Sidney Roberto, Nadal; Carmen Ruth, Manzione.

2012-03-01

271

The relationship among sexual attitudes, sexual fantasy, and religiosity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research on the impact of religiosity on sexuality has highlighted the role of the individual, and suggests that the effects of religious group and sexual attitudes and fantasy may be mediated through individual differences in spirituality. The present study investigated the role of religion in an ethnically diverse young adult sample (N = 1413, 69% women) using religious group as well as several religiosity domains: spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, paranormal beliefs, and fundamentalism. Differences between religious groups in conservative sexual attitudes were statistically significant but small; as predicted, spirituality mediated these effects. In contrast to the weak effects of religious group, spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, and fundamentalism were strong predictors of women's conservative sexual attitudes; for men, intrinsic religiosity predicted sexual attitude conservatism but spirituality predicted attitudinal liberalism. For women, both religious group and religiosity domains were significant predictors of frequency of sexual fantasies while, for men, only religiosity domains were significant predictors. These results indicate that individual differences in religiosity domains were better predictors of sexual attitudes and fantasy than religious group and that these associations are moderated by gender. PMID:20364304

Ahrold, Tierney K; Farmer, Melissa; Trapnell, Paul D; Meston, Cindy M

2011-06-01

272

Sexual sadism: avoiding its misuse in sexually violent predator evaluations.  

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), Task Force has recently rejected the proposal to include coercive paraphilia as an official diagnosis, reaffirming that rape is a crime and not a mental disorder. We hope this will discourage what has been the inappropriate practice of giving rapists the made-up diagnosis of paraphilia, NOS, nonconsent, to facilitate their psychiatric commitment under sexually violent predator (SVP) statutes. Losing the paraphilia, NOS, option has tempted some SVP evaluators to overdiagnose sexual sadism, which is an official DSM mental disorder. To prevent this improper application and to clarify those rare instances in which this diagnosis might apply, we present a brief review of the research on sexual sadism; an annotation of its definitions that have been included in the DSM since the Third Edition, published in 1980, and in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10); and a two-step process for making a diagnostic decision. Rape and sexual sadism have in common violence, cruelty, and a callous indifference on the part of the perpetrator to the suffering of the victim, but they differ markedly in motivation. Rapists use violence to enforce the victim's cooperation, to express aggression, or both. In contrast, in sexual sadism, the violence, domination, and infliction of pain and humiliation are a preferred or necessary precondition for sexual arousal. Only a small proportion of rapists qualify for the diagnosis of sexual sadism. PMID:22960924

Frances, Allen; Wollert, Richard

2012-01-01

273

Sexual minority women's sexual motivation around the time of ovulation.  

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We investigated whether motivation for same-sex sexual contact was related to mid-cycle peaks in estrogen levels (typically associated with ovulation) among women with consistent versus inconsistent patterns of same-sex sexuality. Twenty women (M age = 30 years), all of whom have been providing data on their sexual behavior and identities since 1995, completed daily diaries assessing sexual motivation and provided 10 days of salivary estrogen samples. During the 3 consecutive days on which estrogen levels peaked, women who had consistently identified as lesbian since 1995 (n = 5) showed increased motivation for sexual contact with women. This change in same-sex motivation was significantly smaller among women who consistently identified as bisexual (n = 7) and women who had given up their lesbian or bisexual identities at some point since 1995 (n = 8). Women who ascribed a role for "choice" in their same-sex sexuality also showed smaller increases in same-sex motivation. The findings suggest that women with consistent versus inconsistent patterns of same-sex sexuality might be experiencing different types of same-sex desires influenced by different factors. PMID:20464467

Diamond, Lisa M; Wallen, Kim

2011-04-01

274

Adolescent's sexual problems in Korea.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses primary contributors of sexual problems among Korean adolescents. As a result of improved nutrition, physical maturity is occurring at an earlier age in Korean youths. On the other hand, marital age has increased; the average age for males to marry is 27.3 years and 24.1 years in females. Hence, these factors extend the time frame between onset of sexual maturity and marriage. Enrollment in schools has risen; middle school registration has increased from 74.2% in 1975 to 99.7% in 1985 and from 43.6% to 78.3% in high schools. Increased enrollment has also been observed at the university level which may promote prolonged educational periods; this focus on education may reduce sexual interest among students. Improved employment opportunities may also influence sexual behavior among adolescents; urban migration can encourage casual relationships. Changes in family structure and sexual morals has promoted liberal attitudes regarding sexual practices. Increased exposure to mass media has affected adolescent sexual problems; 99.1% of the households in 1985 possessed televisions. These sexual problems include onset of sexual intercourse at an earlier age, unwanted pregnancies, increased induced abortions, and early childbirth. Overall, sexual activity in females has risen from 3.6% in 1965 to 14.5% in 1981 and from 18.5% in 1971 for males to 27.7% in 1981. Pre-marital pregnancy rates have continually increased since 1950; this has resulted in a rise of unwed mothers' consultations which reflects adolescent childbirths. Sex-related crime have also increased; rape ranks 3rd in crimes committed by Korean youth. Sex education and family planning should be provided for adolescents. Furthermore, counseling services should be available to youth regarding unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and contraception. The Planned Parenthood Federation of Korea provides youth sex telephone services in which adolescents can acquire information on sexual matters. Proposals needing implementation include family life education for parents and their children, sex education and counseling within the school systems, treatment centers for sexually transmitted diseases and pre/post natal care, and youth counseling centers. PMID:12316430

Kang, B S

1990-07-01

275

Sexual coercion history, calloused sexual beliefs and judgments of sexual coercion in a date rape analogue.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared men with and without a history of coercive sexual behavior on their judgments of how far a man should go in using coercion in an audiotaped date rape simulation. Calloused sexual beliefs (CSB) and a "token resistance" manipulation were expected to differentially interact with coercion history. Results showed no effect for "token resistance." Calloused sexual beliefs interacted with coercion group, such that sexually coercive men high in CSB took significantly longer to stop the date rape interaction than coercive men low in CSB, who did not differ from noncoercive men. These findings support a model of sexual coercion in which a cognitive set consisting of rape-supportive beliefs may serve as a disinhibitor of behavior. PMID:10418768

Bernat, J A; Wilson, A E; Calhoun, K S

1999-01-01

276

Sexual violence: psychiatric healing with eye movement reprocessing and desensitization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual violence, which affects one in three women worldwide, can result in significant psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) offers health care providers the option of a brief psychiatric intervention that can result in psychiatric healing in as few as four sessions. Because health care providers often hear stories of sexual violence from their patients, they are in an ideal position to make recommendations for treatment. The purpose of this article is to introduce health care providers to the technique of EMDR, review safety and appropriateness, and discuss clinical and research implications. PMID:20623397

Posmontier, Bobbie; Dovydaitis, Tiffany; Lipman, Kenneth

2010-08-01

277

The Relationship between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Sexual Health Practices of Homeless Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the gender differences in sexual self-concept, personal resources for sexual health, safe sex behaviors, and risky sexual behaviors among homeless adolescents with and without histories of sexual abuse. Data for this secondary analysis were collected in 2003 to 2004 in the first phase of a larger repeated-measures sexual health…

Johnson, Regina Jones; Rew, Lynn; Sternglanz, R. Weylin

2006-01-01

278

Differences between Sexually Victimized and Nonsexually Victimized Male Adolescent Sexual Abusers: Developmental Antecedents and Behavioral Comparisons  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares sexually victimized and nonsexually victimized male adolescent sexual abusers on a number of variables. Self-report measures were administered to 325 male sexually abusive youth (average age 16) in six residential facilities in the Midwest, 55% of whom reported sexual victimization. The results indicate that the sexually

Burton, David L.; Duty, Kerry Jo; Leibowitz, George S.

2011-01-01

279

Flibanserin for female sexual dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most commonly described form of female sexual dysfunction. There is currently no pharmacological therapy approved to treat HSDD, and therefore, there is an unmet medical need for the development of efficacious treatment alternatives. Flibanserin is a novel, non-hormonal drug for the treatment of HSDD in pre- and postmenopausal women, although the application submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration by Sprout Pharmaceuticals is only for premenopausal women. Flibanserin works by correcting an imbalance of the levels of the neurotransmitters that affect sexual desire. More specifically, flibanserin increases dopamine and norepinephrine, both responsible for sexual excitement, and decreases serotonin, responsible for sexual inhibition. Clinically, flibanserin has exhibited some encouraging results in terms of its ability to increase the frequency of satisfying sexual events, and the intensity of sexual desire. However, adverse events such as dizziness, nausea, fatigue and somnolence, typical of a centrally acting drug, are also frequently related to flibanserin treatment. PMID:25187905

Reviriego, C

2014-08-01

280

Sexually transmitted parasitic diseases.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual activity is the primary method of transmission for several important parasitic diseases and has resulted in a significant prevalence of enteric parasitic infection among male homosexuals. The majority of parasitic sexually transmitted diseases involve protozoan pathogens; however, nematode and arthropod illnesses are also included in this group. Trichomoniasis, caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, is the most common parasitic STD. Infection with this organism typically results in the signs and symptoms of vaginitis. Trichomoniasis can be diagnosed in the office setting by performing a microscopic evaluation of infected vaginal secretions and can be successfully treated with metronidazole. Both pediculosis pubis, caused by the crab louse Pthirus pubis, and scabies, caused by the itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei, present with severe pruritus. A papular or vesicular rash and linear burrows seen in the finger webs and genital area are characteristic of scabies. Pediculosis pubis is diagnosed by observing adult lice or their nits in areas that bear coarse hair. The diagnosis of scabies is confirmed by scraping suspicious burrows and viewing the mite or its byproducts under the microscope. Lindane, 1% used in treating scabies, is also very effective for treating pediculosis pubis. Synthetic pyrethrins, also applied as a cream or lotion, are less toxic alternatives for the treatment of either condition. Oral-anal and oral-genital sexual practices predispose male homosexuals to infection with many enteric pathogens, including parasitic protozoans and helminths. The most common of these parasitic infections are amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica, and giardiasis caused by Giardia lamblia. Both entities may cause acute or chronic diarrhea, as well as other abdominal symptoms. Most gay men with amebiasis are asymptomatic, and invasive disease in this group is extremely rare. Both amebiasis and giardiasis can be diagnosed on the basis of microscopic examination of stool specimens, although duodenal aspiration is occasionally necessary to confirm a diagnosis of giardiasis. Multiple treatment regimens exist for amebiasis. Iodoquinol is a good choice for asymptomatic cyst carriers, whereas the combination of metronidazole plus iodoquinol is used for symptomatic patients. Quinacrine and metronidazole are both efficacious in the treatment of giardiasis. PMID:2011632

Levine, G I

1991-03-01

281

[Brain mechanisms of male sexual function].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we reviewed the brain imaging studies of male sexual function in recent years from three aspects: the brain mechanism of normal sexual function, the brain mechanism of sexual dysfunction, and the mechanism of drug therapy for sexual dysfunction. Studies show that the development stages of male sexual activities, such as the excitement phase, plateau phase and orgasm phase, are controlled by different neural networks. The mesodiencephalic transition zone may play an important role in the start up of male ejaculation. There are significant differences between sexual dysfunction males and normal males in activation patterns of the brain in sexual arousal. The medial orbitofrontal cortex and inferior frontal gyrus in the abnormal activation pattern are correlated with sexual dysfunction males in sexual arousal. Serum testosterone and morphine are commonly used drugs for male sexual dysfunction, whose mechanisms are to alter the activating levels of the medial orbitofrontal cortex, insula, claustrum and inferior temporal gyrus. PMID:21899000

Wang, Ying; Dou, Xin; Li, Jun-Fa; Luo, Yan-Lin

2011-08-01

282

Sexual functioning following traumatic brain injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study we investigated sexual functioning in 52 outpatients with a history of traumatic brain injury to determine: (1) the prevalence of reported sexual dysfunction; and (2) the relationship between sexual functioning and age, severity and locus of injury, time since injury, and physical and cognitive function. Reports of sexual functioning indicated a reduction below levels within non-injured populations, but only to statistically significant levels on two scales of the Derogatis Interview of Sexual Function (DISF): Orgasm and Drive/Desire. Location of injury was related to sexuality in that patients with frontal lobe lesions reported an overall higher level of sexual satisfaction and functioning than those individuals without frontal lobe lesions. Time since injury was inversely related to reports of levels of sexual arousal; that is, patients with more recent injuries reported greater levels of arousal than those not recently injured. Right hemisphere injuries also correlated with higher scores on reports of sexual arousal and sexual experiences. PMID:8879662

Sandel, M E; Williams, K S; Dellapietra, L; Derogatis, L R

1996-10-01

283

[Sexuality. A freudian psychoanalytical concept].  

Science.gov (United States)

Emphasis is placed in the difficulty in conceptualizing sexuality as a complex and controversial subject. This is a presentation of a concept based on freudian psychoanalysis. With this in mind, many of Freud's references are collected from the Brazilian Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. The following concept is arrived at: sexuality is an instinctive vital energy directed to pleasure, with the possibility of quantitative and qualitative variations, closely bound to homeostasis, to affection, to social relations, to phases of development of childhood-libido, to eroticism, to genitality, to sexual relations, to procreation and to sublimation. PMID:8002800

Bearzoti, P

1994-03-01

284

Sexual orientation microaggressions and the experience of sexual minorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study sought to confirm and expand on previous research on sexual orientation microaggressions--subtle discrimination in the form of verbal, behavioral, and environmental slights and indignities as defined by Sue (2010). The study had two primary research questions: Does the data from the sample validate Sue's (2010) typology of sexual orientation microaggressions? Beyond Sue's (2010) typology, are other themes/types of sexual orientation microaggressions present in the data? Using a focus group methodology, data was collected from a sample of self-identified non-heterosexual college students (N=12). Data analysis confirmed five previously identified themes from Sue's (2010) typology (Endorsement of Heteronormative Culture, Sinfulness, Homophobia, Heterosexist Language/Terminology, and Oversexualization) and demonstrated two new themes (Undersexualization and Microaggressions as Humor). The implications of sexual orientation microaggressions, along with limitations and future research directions, are discussed. PMID:23808348

Platt, Lisa F; Lenzen, Alexandra L

2013-01-01

285

The Implications of Sexual Narcissism for Sexual and Marital Satisfaction  

OpenAIRE

There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism a...

Mcnulty, James K.; Widman, Laura

2013-01-01

286

The Experimental Neuro-Framing of Sexuality  

OpenAIRE

Brain scans of homosexuality, sexual desire and images of male and female brain function are becoming a common element of popular scientific news. How is sexuality re-described and re-produced when studied in brain scanners? This article explores the cultural production of sexuality in the growing field of neuroimaging research. In focus is the neural framing of sexuality, i.e. the process by which sexuality is understood as a matter of brain activity and visualizable with medical imaging tec...

Dussauge, Isabelle

2013-01-01

287

Sexuality in midlife: Where the passion goes?  

OpenAIRE

Women's sexuality is highly capricious and multifaceted. Sexual functioning is an imperative component of women's lives and has progressively received public health, medical and even pharmaceutical attention. Sexual functioning, however, declines with age, leading to much debate about the contribution of menopause to sexual activity and functioning among women. The past two decades have witnessed an explosion of research into female sexuality. It is now understood that healthy and satisfying ...

Magon, Navneet; Chauhan, Monica; Malik, Sonia; Shah, Duru

2012-01-01

288

Female Sexual Victimization Among College Students: Assault Severity, Health Risk Behaviors, and Sexual Functioning.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between college women's sexual victimization experiences, health risk behaviors, and sexual functioning. A sample of 309 college women at a mid-sized Midwestern university completed measures assessing sexual victimization, sexual risk taking, substance use behaviors, sexual desire, sexual functioning, prior sexual experiences, and social desirability. Severity of sexual victimization was measured using a multi-item, behaviorally specific, gender-neutral measure, which was divided into four categories based on severity (none, sexual contact, sexual coercion, rape). Within the sample, 72.8% (n = 225) of women reported at least one experience of sexual victimization since age 16. Results from MANCOVAs and a multinomial logistic regression, controlling for social desirability and prior sexual experience, revealed that sexual victimization among female students was related to increased drug use, problematic drinking behaviors, sexual risk taking, sexual dysfunction, and dyadic sexual desire. In addition, findings indicated that women exposed to more severe forms of sexual victimization (i.e., rape) were most likely to report these risk-taking behaviors and sexual functioning issues. Implications for sexual assault risk reduction programming and treatment are discussed. PMID:24505086

Turchik, Jessica A; Hassija, Christina M

2014-02-01

289

Nigerian secondary school adolescents’ perspective on abstinence-only sexual education as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/2fe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The success of any type of sexual education programme depends on the knowledge and preparedness for practice by adolescents. A recent study has found that an ‘abstinence-only’ sexual education programme is effective in reducing sexual activity among adolescents. Knowledge of abstinence-only sexual education and preparedness for practice as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health among Nigerian secondary school adolescents was studied. An analytic descriptive survey design was used for the study. The research population comprised of all public secondary schools in three southern geopolitical zones of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 2020 senior secondary school (SS1-SS3 students as sample for the study. A partially self-designed and partially adapted questionnaire from an 'abstinence-only versus comprehensive sex education' debate, from debatepedia (http://wiki.idebate.org/, entitled 'Questionnaire on Nigerian Secondary School Adolescents’ Perspective on Abstinence-Only Sexual Education (QNSSAPAOSE' was used in eliciting information from respondents. Hypotheses were formulated and tested. Frequency counts, percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation were used in analysing data. A greater proportion of secondary school adolescents in this study lacked knowledge of sexual education. About 80% of the respondents could not define sexual education. The general perspective on abstinence-only sexual education was negative, as revealed by the larger number of respondents who demonstrated unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Specifically, of those who responded in favour of abstinence-only sexual education, the youngest group of adolescents (11-13 years and the male respondents were more likely to accept this type of education than the other groups. Poor knowledge of sexual education could be responsible for unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Sexual education should, therefore, be introduced into the secondary school curriculum and taught by well-prepared teachers to enable an informed decision on practice.

Mfrekemfon P Inyang

2013-12-01

290

Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción.Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and sexual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

Annia Duany Navarro

2012-12-01

291

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante / Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BAS [...] DAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use [...] of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

Andrea Lopes, Gallinaro; Lilian Lie, Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba, Otuzi; Percival Degrava, Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto, Gonçalves.

2012-12-01

292

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI, funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual e grupo B (sem atividade sexual. RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01, pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007 e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03. Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis.OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use of pictures of seven sexual positions, disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI, and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI. After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity and group B (no sexual activity. RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01, and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007 and BASDAI (P = 0.03 scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

Andrea Lopes Gallinaro

2012-12-01

293

Sexual Assault Awareness Month 2012  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

This podcast discusses the impact and prevalence of sexual violence and the importance of prevention.  Created: 4/2/2012 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/2/2012.

2012-04-02

294

Sexual Attraction and Orientation (Girls)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Parents - or Other Adults Everything You Wanted to Know About Puberty School Counselors Transgender People Love and Romance Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a friend Reprint guidelines Share this ...

295

Sexual Attraction and Orientation (Guys)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Parents - or Other Adults Everything You Wanted to Know About Puberty School Counselors Transgender People Love and Romance Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a friend Reprint guidelines Share this ...

296

Book review: sexual fields: toward a sociology of collective sexual Life, edited by Adam Isaiah Green  

OpenAIRE

Sexual Fields: Toward a Sociology of Collective Sexual Life provides an innovative and productive way of thinking about how sexual attitudes, desires, attractions, practices, and worlds are constructed, writes Megan Daigle. Adam Isaiah Green and contributors develop a distinctively sociological approach for analysing collective sexual life, where much of the sexual life of our society resides today. Students and researchers working on sexuality, gender, or queer studies should find something ...

Daigle, Megan

2014-01-01

297

Using sexual affiliation networks to describe the sexual structure of a population.  

Science.gov (United States)

The structure of sexual networks has a central role in the dynamics of transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Unfortunately, it is extremely difficult to obtain reliable data on sexual contacts between individuals. However, the venues where people recruit sexual partners may provide valuable information on sexual networks. This article reviews how data on "sexual affiliations" between people and venues may be collected, analysed, and used for surveillance and prevention of STIs. PMID:17664363

Frost, Simon D W

2007-08-01

298

Characteristics of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence Influence Sexual Risk Behavior in Adulthood  

OpenAIRE

Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse has been associated with subsequent (adult) sexual risk behavior, but the effects of force and type of sexual abuse on sexual behavior outcomes have been less well-studied. The present study investigated the associations between sexual abuse characteristics and later sexual risk behavior, and explored whether gender of the child/adolescent moderated these relations. Patients attending an STD clinic completed a computerized survey that assessed history of ...

Senn, Theresa E.; Carey, Michael P.; Vanable, Peter A.; Coury-doniger, Patricia; Urban, Marguerite

2007-01-01

299

Child sexual abuse, links to later sexual exploitation/high-risk sexual behavior, and prevention/treatment programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews the literature on the nature and incidence of child sexual abuse, explores the link between child sexual abuse and later sexual exploitation, and reviews the literature on prevention strategies and effective interventions in child sexual abuse services. Our understanding of the international epidemiology of child sexual abuse is considerably greater than it was just 10 years ago, and studies from around the world are examined. Childhood sexual abuse can involve a wide number of psychological sequelae, including low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. Numerous studies have noted that child sexual abuse victims are vulnerable to later sexual revictimization, as well as the link between child sexual abuse and later engagement in high-risk sexual behaviour. Survivors of child sexual abuse are more likely to have multiple sex partners, become pregnant as teenagers, and experience sexual assault as adults. Various models which attempt to account for this inter-relationship are presented; most invoke mediating variables such as low self-esteem, drug/alcohol use, PTSD and distorted sexual development. Prevention strategies for child sexual abuse are examined including media campaigns, school-based prevention programmes, and therapy with abusers. The results of a number of meta-analyses are examined. However, researchers have identified significant methodological limitations in the extant research literature that impede the making of recommendations for implementing existing therapeutic programmes unreservedly. PMID:20679329

Lalor, Kevin; McElvaney, Rosaleen

2010-10-01

300

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in ...

Viviane de Almeida Côbo; Cibele Alves Chapadeiro; João Batista Ribeiro; Helio Moraes-Souza; Paulo Roberto Juliano Martins

2013-01-01

301

PARENTING AND ADOLESCENTS’ SEXUAL INITIATION  

OpenAIRE

This study draws on social control and social learning theories to examine the role of dating-specific attitudes and practices as predictors of adolescents’ sexual initiation. We include attention to the adolescent’s reaction to control attempts as a further means of assessing family dynamics (i.e., frequency of dating disagreements). The study uses longitudinal data from 697 adolescents who were not sexually active at the first interview as well as separate interviews with parents. In mo...

Longmore, Monica A.; Eng, Abbey L.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Manning, Wendy D.

2009-01-01

302

Sexuality during and after Pregnancy  

OpenAIRE

Most standard obstetrical and gynecological textbooks ignore the subject of sexuality during and after pregnancy, and physicians who practise obstetrics tend to pay scant attention to this aspect of their patients' well-being. Since 1966, when Masters and Johnson's studies were published, relatively little information about pregnancy and sexuality has appeared in the medical literature. A comprehensive survey of the feelings and opinions of some 300 couples, published in 1977, indicates patie...

Still, Hereford

1986-01-01

303

Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 2005. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that...

Maria Angela Boccara de Paula; Renata Ferreira Takahashi; Pedro Roberto de Paula

2012-01-01

304

Specificity of sexual arousal for sexual activities in men and women with conventional and masochistic sexual interests.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior studies consistently report that men's genital responses correspond to their sexual activity interests (consenting vs. coercive sex) whereas women's responses do not. For women, however, these results may be confounded by the sexual activities studied and lack of suitable controls. We examined the subjective and genital arousal responses of men and women with conventional (22 men and 15 women) or masochistic sexual interests (16 men and 17 women) to narratives describing conventional sex or masochistic sex. The aims of the studies were twofold: (1) to examine whether gender differences in the specificity of sexual arousal previously observed for gender also exist for sexual activity interests; and (2) to examine whether men and women with masochistic sexual interests demonstrate specificity of sexual response for their preferred sexual activities. Surprisingly, the pattern of results was very similar for men and women. Both men and women with conventional sexual interests (WCI) reported more sexual arousal, and responded more genitally, to conventional than to masochistic sex, demonstrating specificity of sexual arousal for their preferred sexual activities. Despite showing specificity for conventional sexual activities, the genital responses of WCI were still gender nonspecific. In contrast, women and men with masochistic sexual interests demonstrated nonspecific subjective and genital responses to conventional and masochistic sex. Indices of genital and subjective sexual arousal to masochistic versus conventional stimuli were positively and significantly correlated with self-reported thoughts, fantasies, interests, and behaviors involving masochism. The results suggest that gender similarities in the specificity of sexual arousal for sexual activity exist despite consistent gender differences in the specificity of sexual arousal for gender. PMID:24057208

Chivers, Meredith L; Roy, Carolyn; Grimbos, Teresa; Cantor, James M; Seto, Michael C

2014-07-01

305

Prostitution, sexual behavior and STDs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostitution involves the exchange of sexual services for economic compensation. As sexual behaviour is an important determinant in transmitting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), sex workers (SWs), transgenders and clients are often labeled as a "high risk group" in the context of HIV and STDs. It has been documented that female sex workers in particular have an increased prevalence of untreated STDs and have been hypothesized to affect the health and HIV incidence of the general population. People involved in prostitution are a cause for concern from both public health and economic perspectives. However, little is known about why they remain in this type of activity given the risks prostitution presents, and even less is known about how to intervene and interrupt the complex cycle of prostitution. The aim of this paper is to provide a clinical and epidemiological analysis of the relationship between prostitution, sexual behavior and outbreaks of STDs; to assess the role that migrants, transgenders and clients of SWs have in prostitution and in the outbreaks of STDs. In addition, we also want to highlight how new sexual networks, like the Internet, have become an increasingly important vehicle to sharing information about prostitution, sexual behavior and STDs. Finally we present what may be the prevention strategies and the goals in order to stem the spread of STDs among these hard-to-access groups. PMID:23007210

Gaspari, V; D'Antuono, A; Bellavista, S; Trimarco, R; Patrizi, A

2012-08-01

306

[Hypoactive sexual desire disorder, HSDD].  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is the most common Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) affecting adult women of any age, including postmenopausal women. HSDD may have significant effects on the relationships and emotional balance of women and constitutes the most common form of FSD observed in clinical practice. HSDD is characterised by a deficiency or lack of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity, causing serious distress or interpersonal difficulties, and it is not exclusively caused by the effects of another psychiatric disorder, pathology or substance (such as medication). HSDD pathophysiology is not yet well understood, but it is thought to involve an imbalance between factors controlling inhibition and excitation of sexual desire in the brain. Many physicians are reluctant to discuss sexual desire problems with their patients for various reasons, such as insufficient knowledge of the field, an absence of efficient treatments and time constraints. Even though current treatment options are limited, a better understanding of the physiopathology behind HSDD may help develop new therapies. PMID:21186133

Mimoun, S

2011-01-01

307

Sexual transmission of hepatitis C.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission among multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission. PMID:18026632

Cavalheiro, Norma de Paula

2007-01-01

308

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S which, when homozygous (Hb SS is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.

Viviane de Almeida Côbo

2013-01-01

309

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. Methods Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. Results This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. Conclusion The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life. PMID:23741184

Côbo, Viviane de Almeida; Chapadeiro, Cibele Alves; Ribeiro, João Batista; Moraes-Souza, Helio; Martins, Paulo Roberto Juliano

2013-01-01

310

Understanding Experiences of Sexuality with Cerebral Palsy through Sexual Script Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study explored how people with cerebral palsy (CP negotiated and perceived their sexual interactions with others. In doing so, this research discusses participant conceptualizations of sexuality with CP. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with two women and five men with moderate to severe cerebral palsy from Canada and Australia. The interview discourse focused on how, if at all, interactional constructions of sexuality influenced the way in which participants expressed and negotiated their sexuality. Interview data were thematically analyzed using NVivo and manual line-by-line analysis. Negotiated sexuality with partners, and communication styles influenced understandings of sexuality with CP. Partner validation was important to participant understanding sexuality as was the style and quality of communication about sexuality between sexual partners. Sexuality was meaningful with a sense of closeness, experiences of affection and reciprocity. Personal sexual agency enabled negotiation of preferred sexuality as did perceived levels of socio-sexual compatibility. The findings confirm that sexuality is socially negotiated. For people with CP personal agency yields more satisfying socio-sexual outcomes. In this regard, the ability to make (and exercise choice when negotiating interactional sexual experiences reinforces conceptualizations of oneself as a sexual being and sexual equal.

Tinashe M Dune

2013-01-01

311

Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad / Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la r [...] elación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción. Abstract in english Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and se [...] xual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

Annia, Duany Navarro; Gloria, Hernández Marín.

2012-12-01

312

Sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual activities are increasingly changing from the cultural point of view what they used to be. Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among in-school and out-of-school but unmarried adolescents aged 10 to 19 in five locations in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect information and to characterize sexual practices among these adolescents. Results About 32% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being males than females. The only inquired and reported sexual practices include vaginal sex, masturbation, oral and anal sex. About 15% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. Significantly more males reported having multiple partners than females. Nearly 42% of sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during most recent sexual act. Females reported older partners at first sexual act. Conclusion Adolescents experience several sexual practices that include penetrative and non-penetrative. More males reported being sexually active than females. Despite adolescents reporting having multiple sexual partners, reported condom use during the most recent sexual act was low. We advocate for a more enhanced approach of reproductive health education that includes safer sex to adolescents without forgetting those in-schools.

Masatu Melkiory C

2009-10-01

313

Tipo de contacto sexual y experiencia sexual precoital en adolescentes españoles / Type of sexual contact and precoital sexual experience in spanish adolescents  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar algunas características de las conductas sexuales precoitales y el tipo de contacto sexual, en adolescentes españoles. Participó una muestra representativa de 4.456 estudiantes españoles de enseñanza secundaria obligatoria. Se administró un cuestionario sobre [...] conducta sexual. Es un estudio transversal descriptivo de poblaciones, mediante encuestas con muestras probabilísticas. Los adolescentes fueron seleccionados mediante un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, en función del tipo de centro educativo y de la comunidad autónoma. En comparación con las mujeres, los varones comenzaron las experiencias sexuales sin penetración a una edad más temprana, tenían un mayor número de parejas y un mayor porcentaje de ellos manifestó tener parejas ocasionales. Este estudio no solo contribuye al conocimiento sobre la conducta sexual de los adolescentes antes del inicio de las relaciones sexuales con penetración, sino que en él se destaca la importancia de desarrollar estrategias de prevención sexual en los adolescentes. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine characteristics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They complete [...] d a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexual behaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Compared to females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.

MARÍA-PAZ, BERMÚDEZ; GUALDERMO, BUELA-CASAL; INMACULADA, TEVA.

2011-05-01

314

Patient-reported outcomes and sexual function in vaginal reconstruction: a 17-year review, survey, and review of the literature.  

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There are multiple techniques used to reconstruct the vagina after oncologic extirpation. However, the long-term functional results of vaginal reconstruction are not well appreciated.A review was conducted of all 27 consecutive patients undergoing vaginal reconstruction from 1990 to 2007. A modified Sexual Adjustment Questionnaire was mailed to patients. Also, a review of all published studies of myocutaneous vaginal reconstructions with postoperative sexual function was performed.Patients underwent vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (18), gracilis (4), pudendal artery fasciocutaneous flaps (3), or rectus and peritoneum flaps (2). Of 27 patients, 14 (52%) had postoperative complications. Of 12 patients, 6 (50%) reported sexual function. This compares with an overall 52.3% return to sexual function reported in 8 studies of myocutaneous vaginal reconstruction.Vaginal reconstruction yielding sexual function remains a challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. Preoperative education of the patient about sexual function is of paramount importance. PMID:20179480

Scott, Jeffrey R; Liu, Daniel; Mathes, David W

2010-03-01

315

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse / Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas / Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em um [...] a organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre f [...] ebrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil [...] through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

Quitéria Clarice Magalhães, Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão, Cardoso.

2009-08-01

316

Sexual transmission of hepatitis C Transmissão sexual da hepatite C  

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Full Text Available It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission among multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforçam que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populações de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monog??micos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo.

Norma de Paula Cavalheiro

2007-10-01

317

Sexual transmission of hepatitis C / Transmissão sexual da hepatite C  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforç [...] am que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populações de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monogâmicos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo. Abstract in english It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission amon [...] g multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.

Norma de Paula, Cavalheiro.

2007-10-01

318

Orientação sexual nas escolas: fato ou anseio? Orientación sexual en las escuelas: ¿realidad o anhelo? Sexual orientation in the school context: fact or eagerness?  

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Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou analisar sob a ótica dos educadores de escolas públicas do ensino fundamental, como o tema "orientação sexual" vem sendo incorporado nas práticas pedagógicas. Participaram do estudo 23 professores da rede municipal de ensino de Cajazeiras, Paraíba. Elegeu-se o grupo focal como técnica de investigação, e os dados empíricos obtidos foram organizados mediante análise de conteúdo temática. Constatou-se que há um esforço dos atores em privilegiar conteúdos relativos à orientação sexual no ambiente escolar, porém esses debates exigem que preliminarmente seja incentivado um aprofundamento de caráter informativo e subjetivo sobre "sexualidade", propiciando aos educadores um espaço para re-significações de sua internalidade e valores. A informação direcionada ao cuidado de si deve extrapolar os limites preventivistas e higienistas, incorporando metodologias extensivas, inclusivas e reflexivas, que reconheçam os direitos humanos e sociais e favoreçam a construção ética da cidadania.La investigación cualitativa objetivo analizar las perspectivas de los educadores de escuelas públicas de educación básica como el tema "orientación sexual" se ha incorporado as prácticas de enseñanza. Los participantes del estudio fueron 23 profesores de escuelas municipales de Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brasil. Fue elegido el grupo focal como técnica de investigación, y los datos obtenidos fueron organizados por el análisis de contenido temático. Se encontró que hay un esfuerzo de los actores en favor de contenidos relacionados con la orientación sexual en el entorno escolar, pero eso requiere que las discusiones preliminares debe alentar una profundización de carácter subjetivo sobre "sexualidad", proporcionando un espacio para que los educadores resignificación de interioridad y sus valores. Información dirigida a los cuidados personales debe trascender los límites de prevención e higienistas, incorporando metodologías amplia, inclusiva y reflexiva, que reconocen los derechos humanos y promover la construcción social y ético de ciudadanía.Qualitative research that aimed to analyze under the optics of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching, how the theme "sexual orientation" has been incorporated into pedagogic practices. Twenty three educators of municipal teaching of Cajazeiras' city, Paraíba, Brazil, took part of the study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment, though it is required that preliminarily a depth of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be incentivized, propitiating to the educators a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits preventative and hygienists, incorporating methodologies extensive, inclusive and reflective, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship.

Sandra Aparecida de Almeida

2011-03-01

319

Abuso sexual: tratamientos y atención / Sexual abuse: Treatments and attention  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El abuso sexual afecta fundamentalmente a niños de cualquier género y mujeres, dejando graves secuelas en las víctimas, y en su medio familiar y social. Este artículo rastrea las publicaciones disponibles en materia de acciones encaminadas al apoyo de sobrevivientes de abuso sexual, por parte de los [...] sistemas de salud pública en algunos países, y los tratamientos de origen psicológico más recomendados para la reparación de la salud mental de las víctimas. El abuso sexual en países en desarrollo debe ser un asunto de seguridad pública, más aun en Colombia, donde la violación de mujeres es una arma de guerra usada por los actores de la violencia sociopolítica. Abstract in english Sexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of se [...] xual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence.

Álvaro Roberto, Vallejo Samudio; Martha Isabel, Córdoba Arévalo.

320

Attentional and affective processing of sexual stimuli in women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most common sexual problem in women. From an incentive motivation perspective, HSDD may be the result of a weak association between sexual stimuli and rewarding experiences. As a consequence, these stimuli may either lose or fail to acquire a positive meaning, resulting in a limited number of incentives that have the capacity to elicit a sexual response. According to current information processing models of sexual arousal, sexual stimuli automatically activate meanings and if these are not predominantly positive, processes relevant to the activation of sexual arousal and desire may be interrupted. Premenopausal U.S. and Dutch women with acquired HSDD (n = 42) and a control group of sexually functional women (n = 42) completed a single target Implicit Association Task and a Picture Association Task assessing automatic affective associations with sexual stimuli and a dot detection task measuring attentional capture by sexual stimuli. Results showed that women with acquired HSDD displayed less positive (but not more negative) automatic associations with sexual stimuli than sexually functional women. The same pattern was found for self-reported affective sex-related associations. Participants were slower to detect targets in the dot detection task that replaced sexual images, irrespective of sexual function status. As such, the findings point to the relevance of affective processing of sexual stimuli in women with HSDD, and imply that the treatment of HSDD might benefit from a stronger emphasis on the strengthening of the association between sexual stimuli and positive meaning and sexual reward. PMID:21892693

Brauer, Marieke; van Leeuwen, Matthijs; Janssen, Erick; Newhouse, Sarah K; Heiman, Julia R; Laan, Ellen

2012-08-01

321

Sexual Orientation Prototypicality and Well-Being Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Adults.  

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The current study examined the associations between sexual orientation prototypicality-or the extent to which an individual's attractions or sexual behaviors are similar to others in the same sexual orientation category-and several indicators of well-being (depressive symptoms, loneliness, and self-esteem). Data were analyzed from a sample of 586 self-identified heterosexual and sexual minority (lesbian/gay and bisexual) men and women who completed an online survey. We used k-means cluster analysis to assign individuals to sexual orientation clusters (resulting in heterosexual and sexual minority clusters) based on dimensions of same-sex and other-sex attractions (emotional, romantic, and sexual) and sexual behavior. Sexual orientation prototypicality was operationalized as the Euclidean distance between an individual's position in the cluster and their cluster centroid. Lower sexual orientation prototypicality (i.e., greater Euclidean distance from one's cluster centroid) was significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms, higher loneliness, and lower self-esteem for men and women; results did not significantly differ for self-identified heterosexuals versus sexual minorities. Although self-identified sexual orientation and sexual orientation prototypicality were both associated with well-being for women, only sexual orientation prototypicality was associated with well-being for men. Findings suggest that sexual orientation prototypicality may be a better indicator of well-being than sexual orientation for men. Further, sexual orientation prototypicality appears to play a significant role in well-being for women. PMID:25257258

Feinstein, Brian A; Meuwly, Nathalie; Davila, Joanne; Eaton, Nicholas R; Yoneda, Athena

2014-09-26

322

Intimate partner violence (physical and sexual and sexually transmitted infection: results from Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011  

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Full Text Available Liladhar Dhakal, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Arja R AroUnit of Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, DenmarkIntroduction: Violence against women perpetrated by their intimate partners is a social problem with adverse health consequences. Intimate partner violence has acute and chronic as well as direct and indirect health consequences related to physical, psychological, and reproductive health. Studies exploring relationships of intimate partner violence and health consequences are rare in Nepal. Hence, this study aimed to examine the relationships between intimate partner violence and sexually transmitted infections.Method: This study used data from the nationally representative Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011, which collected data through a two-stage complex sampling technique. Women 15–49 years were asked about domestic violence including intimate partner violence. For this analysis, 3,084 currently married women were included. Questions about domestic violence were adapted from the Conflict Tactic Scale. Relationships between different forms of physical and sexual intimate partner violence and reported signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis.Results: Approximately 15% of currently young and middle-aged married women experienced some form of violence in the last 12 months. About one in four women who were exposed to physical and sexual intimate partner violence reported sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months. The odds of getting sexually transmitted infection were 1.88 [95% CI:1.29, 2.73] times higher among women exposed to any form of intimate partner violence in the last 12 months compared to women not exposed to any form of intimate partner violence.Conclusion: Intimate partner violence was common among currently married women in Nepal. Being exposed to intimate partner violence and getting signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted disease were found to be associated. Integration of intimate partner violence prevention and reproductive health programs is needed to reduce the burden of sexually transmitted disease among currently married women.Keywords: intimate partner violence, socio-demographic, sexually transmitted disease, Nepal

Dhakal L

2014-01-01

323

[Medical aspects of adolescent sexuality].  

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The increase of sexual activity among the adolescents has become a danger to their reproductive health. The goal of this study was to explore sexual behaviour of young people, to establish risks that endanger their reproductive health, and to find out the ways to reduce the consequences of adolescent sexuality. The study was conducted in the Mother and Child Health Care Institute of Serbia over a 2-year period. The sexual and reproductive behaviour, attitudes toward sexuality and contraception, as well as the prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections were analyzed in 300 sexually active adolescent females, aged 19 years. The first sexual intercourse was in 16.9 years, in average. Less than one-third of the total number (31.3%) of these persons had contraceptive protection at the first intercourse; condom was most frequently used (28.3%). Motives for the initiation of sexual activity were: love (45.7%), curiosity (35.7%), physical attraction and passion (8.3%), peer pressure (5.0%), on the boyfriend's insistence (4.7%), need for love (0.3%) and without answer (0.3%). Two-thirds of adolescent females (63.7%) reported more than one partner, 21.7% more than three and 10.2% more than five sexual partners. Almost half of girls (40.7%) experienced sexual intercourse in casual acquaintance, and 10.3% with a 10 or more years older partner. Use of contraceptive methods during each sexual encounter was inconsistent and sporadic. More than half of adolescent females (54.3%) relied on traditional forms of contraception, like withdrawal of the phallus. Condom was the method of contraceptive choice in one-third (34.3%) of girls, "birth-control pill" in 10.7% and spermicides in 0.7% of subjects. With a new sexual partner condom was used regularly by 55.6% of adolescents; and the remaining percentage of girls used condom irregularly (24.7%), or never (19.7%). The time interval between the initiation of sexual activity and the first gynaecological examination was more than 6 months in 56.7% of cases, and from one to three years in 31.0% of tested adolescent females. The reasons for the first gynaecological visit were as follows: fear of getting pregnant (22.0%), suspicion of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (22.0%) and symptoms indicating a pelvic inflammatory disease (18.3%). Only one-third of girls (37.7%) had their first gynaecological examination as a regular control examination or to get some contraceptive advice. During the adolescence unwanted pregnancy was noted in 16.0% of examined girls. One legal abortion had 14.4% of girls, two 1.3% and three 0.3% of adolescent females. Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection was found in 30.3% of girls. In the girls' opinion the improved knowledge about sexuality, reproduction and contraception is the best way of popularizing contraception among youth. This could be done by introduction of sexual education in school programmes (51.0%) or through mass media (33.3%). A successful health care service for young people should include: a gynaecologist who will have enough time and patience for an adolescent patient (91.3%); a female gynaecologist (36.7%); and a kind other health care workers (21.3%). In order to increase the number of adolescents who will use a condom, the following measures are necessary: a better quality of condoms (54.0%), installation of condom machines (15.6%), mass media education programmes on the significance of the condom role in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (10.0%), attractive design of condoms (7.0%), free condoms (6.7%), and universal accessibility of condoms (1.0%). The reproductive health of adolescent girls in Belgrade has been endangered by: their sexual behaviour, poor acceptance of healthy life styles, lack of responsibility in sexual relationships and high prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Improvement of adolescent reproductive health could be achieved by: educational programmes for adolescents about sexuality, reproduction and contraceptio

Sedlecki, K; Markovic, A; Rajic, G

2001-01-01

324

The role of ethnicity, sexual attitudes, and sexual behavior in sexual revictimization during the transition to emerging adulthood.  

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An experience of child sexual abuse (CSA) substantially increases women's risk of adult sexual assault (ASA), but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Previous research often has not examined the full range of ASA experiences or included the influence of ethnicity, sexual behavior, and sexual attitudes on CSA and severity of ASA. The current study utilized path analysis to explore the relationships among ethnicity, sexual attitudes, number of lifetime sexual partners, CSA, and severity of ASA in emerging adult women. Results indicated a significant relationship between CSA and more severe ASA that was partially explained by having more lifetime sexual partners. Additionally, European American women, relative to Hispanic women, reported more severe victimization, which was fully explained by more positive attitudes toward casual sex and having more lifetime sexual partners. These results have implications in the design and implementation of universal and selective prevention programs aimed at reducing ASA and revictimization among emerging adult women. PMID:25258422

Rinehart, Jenny K; Yeater, Elizabeth A; Musci, Rashelle J; Letourneau, Elizabeth J; Lenberg, Kathryn L

2014-01-01

325

Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.

Akanle Florence Foluso

2011-03-01

326

"Children are sexually innocent": Iranian parents' understanding of children's sexuality.  

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Sexuality education (SE) is hotly contested in the West and there is much abstinence-only education; however, it remains controversial in a variety of contexts, including in Iran. The lack of consensus about children's SE in Muslim societies obliges us to explore different aspects of this topic systematically. The qualitative research presented here was about how Iranian parents perceived children's sexuality. Data from parents of 26 children were collected during four focus group sessions. Informants were selected from Area 5 in West Tehran. This area included 72 primary schools for girls and 82 for boys. The sessions were facilitated by using a semi-structured focus group guide. Content analysis was adopted using combined free and analytical coding to reduce data, to extract meanings, and to categorize domains. One of the three main domains identified, family management of child sexuality, is comprised of the following: (1) understanding of child sexuality, (2) family rules, (3) parent-child interactions, and (4) opposite sex interactions. Parental misinformation, accumulated myths, and ignorance about children's sexual development were evident. Strict family rules and a lack of consistent policy and instruction for SE were also identified. Parents said they were neither well-prepared nor competent to educate their children about sexuality. In fact, a majority of mothers raised "incompetence" as an important determinant in their own parent-child interactions. Societal changes as well as children's socialization patterns have forced parents to accept their children's opposite sex friendships as a reality. Results suggest a community need for developing comprehensive and culturally sensitive SE for schools and parental use. PMID:24343162

Merghati-Khoei, Effat; Abolghasemi, Naria; Smith, Thomas G

2014-04-01

327

PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC) - Brasil. Método: In [...] vestigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; p Abstract in english Background: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC) - Brazil. Meth [...] od: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC), Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test). Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p

Cinara, Sacomori; Fernando Luiz, Cardoso.

328

Abuso sexual en la niñez  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El abuso sexual en la niñez se presenta en dos grandes modalidades: el abuso sexual familiar (también conocido como incesto, y la explotación sexual comercial de niños/as y adolescentes (conocida como trata de personas con fines sexuales. Ambas modalidades afectan a millones de niños/as en todo el mundo. El objetivo de este artículo es ofrecer una panorámica en torno al abuso sexual que ocurre al interior de las fami-lias. Para ello se revisan algunos conceptos en torno al abuso, sus princi-pales manifestaciones, así como sus consecuencias a corto y largo plazo. Se presentan también tres modelos de atención psicológica del abuso; uno centrado en la atención individual, otro en la familiar; y el tercero es un modelo integrador, que se propone abarcar el ámbito individual, familiar y social. La intención del texto es coadyuvar en la sensibilización hacia un fenómeno de gran incidencia en el ámbito nacional, y enfatizar en la responsabilidad de los adultos (profesionales o no de intervenir para prevenir el abuso.

Ricardo García-Jaime

2013-08-01

329

Pelvic floor and sexual male dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

The pelvic floor is a complex multifunctional structure that corresponds to the genito-urinary-anal area and consists of muscle and connective tissue. It supports the urinary, fecal, sexual and reproductive functions and pelvic statics. The symptoms caused by pelvic floor dysfunction often affect the quality of life of those who are afflicted, worsening significantly more aspects of daily life. In fact, in addition to providing support to the pelvic organs, the deep floor muscles support urinary continence and intestinal emptying whereas the superficial floor muscles are involved in the mechanism of erection and ejaculation. So, conditions of muscle hypotonia or hypertonicity may affect the efficiency of the pelvic floor, altering both the functionality of the deep and superficial floor muscles. In this evolution of knowledge it is possible imagine how the rehabilitation techniques of pelvic floor muscles, if altered and able to support a voiding or evacuative or sexual dysfunction, may have a role in improving the health and the quality of life. PMID:23695397

Pischedda, Antonella; Fusco, Ferdinando; Curreli, Andrea; Grimaldi, Giovanni; Pirozzi Farina, Furio

2013-03-01

330

La seducción sexual infantil: revolución y repercusiones de la teoría de Freud / The infantile sexual seduction: revolution and aftermath of Freud's theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english There is no question about the negative effects of child sexual abuse. Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years. His contr [...] ibution consisted in the discovery of specific events, prior to puberty, which were indispensable to the formation of psychoneuroses. If an adult patient recalled an infantile sexual experience, Freud assumed the interference of a pervert: a child was sexually innocent unless it had been traumatized. But Freud's technique of clinical exploration had not attained adequate reliability and was not immune to prejudices. Freud himself dropped his mechanical, static theory that presupposed a single type of accidentally occurring trauma prior to puberty, allowing him to develop his new drive and fantasy theory.

Gustavo, Figueroa C.

2014-01-01

331

Sexuality Education among Latinas: Experiences, Preferences, Attitudes and Risk Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated sexuality topics discussed by parents, sources of sexuality education, sexual risk behaviors, and attitudes about who should educate children about sexuality among a sample of 204 adult Latinas. Nearly half of sexually active women (having ever had sex) reported condom use and 36.7% reported discussing sexual history with…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; King, Keith A.

2008-01-01

332

Sexual desire, not hypersexuality, is related to neurophysiological responses elicited by sexual images  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Modulation of sexual desires is, in some cases, necessary to avoid inappropriate or illegal sexual behavior (downregulation of sexual desire or to engage with a romantic partner (upregulation of sexual desire. Some have suggested that those who have difficulty downregulating their sexual desires be diagnosed as having a sexual “addiction”. This diagnosis is thought to be associated with sexual urges that feel out of control, high-frequency sexual behavior, consequences due to those behaviors, and poor ability to reduce those behaviors. However, such symptoms also may be better understood as a non-pathological variation of high sexual desire. Hypersexuals are thought to be relatively sexual reward sensitized, but also to have high exposure to visual sexual stimuli. Thus, the direction of neural responsivity to sexual stimuli expected was unclear. If these individuals exhibit habituation, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be diminished; if they merely have high sexual desire, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be increased. Neural responsivity to sexual stimuli in a sample of hypersexuals could differentiate these two competing explanations of symptoms. Methods: Fifty-two (13 female individuals who self-identified as having problems regulating their viewing of visual sexual stimuli viewed emotional (pleasant sexual, pleasant-non-sexual, neutral, and unpleasant photographs while electroencephalography was collected. Results: Larger P300 amplitude differences to pleasant sexual stimuli, relative to neutral stimuli, was negatively related to measures of sexual desire, but not related to measures of hypersexuality. Conclusion: Implications for understanding hypersexuality as high desire, rather than disordered, are discussed.

Vaughn R. Steele

2013-07-01

333

A Study on the Effect of a Program Teaching Healthy Sexuality Values on Adolescent Sexual Awareness and Sexual Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of a program teaching healthy sexuality values on adolescent sexual awareness and sexual behavior. For this study, the present researcher, along with two other professors, developed a 4-h program on 4 different subjects, and conducted the full education program through four different 4-h…

Moon, Sang Huy

2013-01-01

334

Child Sexual Abuse and Persistence of Risky Sexual Behaviors and Negative Sexual Outcomes over Adulthood: Findings from a Birth Cohort  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To determine the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) on adult sexual behaviors and outcomes over three age periods. Methods: A longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972/1973 was used. Information on CSA was sought at age 26, and on sexual behaviors and outcomes at ages 21, 26, and 32. Comparisons were…

van Roode, Thea; Dickson, Nigel; Herbison, Peter; Paul, Charlotte

2009-01-01

335

Don't Forget the Good Stuff! Incorporating Positive Messages of Sexual Pleasure into Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexuality professionals have long called for the inclusion of sexual pleasure in sexuality education programs, however, facilitators are often ill-equipped to do so. This lesson plan will help educators conceptualize the topic of sexual pleasure in order to successfully integrate it into their lessons. This lesson also reviews challenges of…

deFur, Kirsten M.

2012-01-01

336

Emancipatory Sexuality Education and Sexual Assault Resistance: Does the Former Enhance the Latter?  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined whether adding emancipatory sexuality education, which encourages the exploration of women's own sexual values and desires, to a sexual assault resistance program would improve women's resistance to sexual assault by known men. The participants were 214 first-year university students. A randomized experimental design…

Senn, Charlene Y.; Gee, Stephanie S.; Thake, Jennifer

2011-01-01

337

A Model Linking Diverse Women's Child Sexual Abuse History with Sexual Risk Taking  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of our study was to examine the role that child sexual abuse may play in body surveillance and sexual risk behaviors among undergraduate women. First, a measured variable path analysis was conducted, which assessed the relations among a history of child sexual abuse, body surveillance, and sexual risk behaviors. Furthermore, body…

Watson, Laurel B.; Matheny, Kenneth B.; Gagne, Phill; Brack, Greg; Ancis, Julie R.

2013-01-01

338

Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes of Men with Intellectual Disability Who Sexually Offend  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Various explanations of sexual offending in men with intellectual disability (ID) have stressed sexual deviance and a lack of developmental socio-sexual knowledge. Method: Using the normative dataset of people with ID from the development of the "Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Assessment Tool--Revised" (SSKAAT-R: Griffiths &…

Lunsky, Yona; Frijters, Jan; Griffiths, Dorothy M.; Watson, Shelley L.; Williston, Stephanie

2007-01-01

339

Sexual violence against men and boys  

OpenAIRE

It is well known that armed conflict and sexual violence against women and girls often go hand in hand. What is less widely recognised is that armed conflict and its aftermath also bring sexual danger for men and boys.

Wynne Russell

2007-01-01

340

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

... Info Statistics Research Resources About Us Español National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse Publications Tools and Resources E-News ... Problems of Diabetes Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes On this page: Diabetes and Sexual Problems What ...

341

Evaluación de un programa de educación sexual sobre conocimientos y conductas sexuales en embarazadas / Evaluation of a sexual education program on knowledge and sexual behaviour in pregnant  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres gr [...] ávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who w [...] ere in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).

S., García González; L., Duarte González; M.C., Mejías Paneque.

2012-10-01

342

Sexual assault in dating relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on acquaintance rape, which under Canadian law constitutes a form of sexual assault. Frequency of acquaintance rape often is underestimated due to under-reporting, resulting in a local perception that acquaintance rape rarely occurs in a small Canadian community. A survey was conducted to determine whether acquaintance rape does occur in this community. One hundred sixty-four male and female students from grades 8-12 completed a questionnaire. Twenty-six percent of respondents reported being forced into some type of sexual activity. Based on the survey, this article explores the type of force used, the relationship between acquaintance rape and use of alcohol and drugs, and the relationship between acquaintance rape and the ability to indicate to a partner to stop a behavior. Results confirmed a need to develop programs to prevent rather than merely respond to issues of sexual assault on a date. PMID:9071669

Rhynard, J; Krebs, M; Glover, J

1997-03-01

343

Sexual harassment in a male dominated workplace  

OpenAIRE

In 2000 workplace harassment was studied in the Dutch police force. In 2006 a similar study was conducted in the police force and also in the Dutch army. These studies provide insight into the relation between male dominance and sexual harassment, into the association between sexual harassment and health, and into the impact of policies against sexual harassment. It is shown that women who work in a predominantly male environment, are at risk of sexual harassment. This is mediated by the pres...

Haas, Stans

2009-01-01

344

Sexually transmitted diseases in children in India  

OpenAIRE

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in children are not uncommon in India, though systematic epidemiological studies to determine the exact prevalence are not available. STDs in children can be acquired via sexual route or, uncommonly, via non-sexual route such as accidental inoculation by a diseased individual. Neonatal infections are almost always acquired intrauterine or during delivery. Voluntary indulgence in sexual activity is also an important factor in acquisition of STDs in childhoo...

Dhawan Jyoti; Gupta Somesh; Kumar Bhushan

2010-01-01

345

Sexual Health Care in Family Medicine  

OpenAIRE

Although patients frequently present with sexual concerns, family doctors generally do not handle them well. Sexual issues may present in many ways: as specific concerns; as a component of non-sexual complaints or as a factor in relationship or marital problems. The family doctor must include sexual enquiry and counselling as part of overall health care, and in the management of illnesses. In order to be effective counsellors, physicians must examine their own attitudes, and become knowledgea...

Cohen, Gerald; Cohen, May

1985-01-01

346

PERCEIVED RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG RURAL YOUTH  

OpenAIRE

Young people learn more about sexual and reproductive health from uninformed sources and in our Indian culture, talking about sex and related issues are considered as taboo. Consequently, little information is provided to adolescents and youth about sexual health which resulted in risky sexual behaviour. In India, one-half of all young women are observed to be sexually active by the time they are 18 years. With the advent of mass media, internet, mobile phone and electronic communication gadg...

Thomas William, A.; Gunesekaran, S.; Sekar, I.

2013-01-01

347

Helping Families Deal With Adolescent Sexuality  

OpenAIRE

Developing an independent sexual identity is one of the psychosocial tasks of adolescence. The only recent change in adolescent sexual activity is an increased percentage of teenage girls having intercourse. Coitus carries the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. It is also an area of conflict with parents. There are healthy and unhealthy approaches to these problems. Family physicians must demystify adolescent sexuality. They must give the adolescent non-judgmental, confident...

Pavilanis, Alan V.

1985-01-01

348

Young Women, Sexuality and Protestant Church Community  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Although Christianity's clout on sexuality has generally declined in Britain due to secularization, contemporary conservative Protestantism continues to encourage a conventional construction of sexuality — sex is only for the context of heterosexual marriage. Qualitative interviews with 26 heterosexual women and two lesbian women on how their Protestant church involvement impacted their sexuality revealed the pervasive discourse of a marital-confined sexuality and partic...

Sharma, Sonya

2008-01-01

349

The kin structure of sexual interactions  

OpenAIRE

The origin of sexual reproduction involved the evolution of zygotes from separate genomes and, like other social processes, should therefore be amenable to analysis using kin selection theory. I consider how kin structure affects sexual interactions in three contexts—the evolution of sexual reproduction, sex allocation and sexual conflict. Kin structure helps explain the even-handed replication of paternal and maternal genes under outbreeding. Under inbreeding, it predicts altruistic failur...

Bourke, A. F. G.

2009-01-01

350

Type of Sexual Contact and Precoital Sexual Experience in Spanish Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine characterisctics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They completed a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexualbehaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Comparedto females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.

María-Paz Bermúdez

2011-05-01

351

Orientación sexual en estudiantes adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realiza un estudio descriptivo transversal en estudiantes adolescentes vinculados al sistema nacional de enseñanza de Ciudad de La Habana, con el objetivo de explorar su orientación sexual y edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, para en un segundo tiempo trazar estrategias de prevención de l [...] as enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS-VIH/SIDA), en esta población vulnerable y expuesta. El instrumento de recogida de la información lo constituyó una entrevista, estructurada y elaborada para estos fines. Previa a su realización se adiestró al personal especializado y se realizó un pilotaje que nos permitió realizar algunos ajustes. Se encontró asociación significativa entre el sexo y la conducta sexual en los estudiantes de tecnológicos, y existieron mayores porcentajes de la conducta heterosexual. Se aprecia un predominio de homosexuales y bisexuales en el sexo masculino. La media de edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales fue de 12.8 años en el grupo de estudiantes del sexo masculino de secundaria básica Abstract in english A descriptive crosswise study of adolescent students within the National Education System in the City of Havana was performed to find out their sex knowledge and their initiation age of sex relations so that sexually-transmitted diseases (STD, HIV/AIDS) prevention strategies for this vulnerable and [...] exposed group may be drawn-up in a second phase. The data collection way was a survey prepared and structured for this end. Prior to the survey, an specialized staff was duly trained and a trial was conducted to make some adjustments. There have been found a significant linking between sex and sex behaviour in the technological school students and higher percentages of heterosexual behaviour. Homosexuals and bisexuals are observed to be predominant in males. The average initiation age of sex relations was 12.8 years in junior high school male students

Alba, Cortés Alfaro; Dania, Pérez Sosa; Juan, Aguilar Valdés; Martha M, Valdés Hernández; Bárbara, Taboada Fernández.

1998-10-01

352

Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual / Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limi [...] taciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual. Abstract in english In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the par [...] ticularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

Eva Alcántara, Zavala; Ana Amuchástegui, Herrera.

353

Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limitaciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual.In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the particularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

Eva Alcántara Zavala

2009-01-01

354

The sexual functioning of elderly hypertensive women.  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the sexual interest and behavior of a large cohort of 60-80-year-old women with mild to moderate hypertension, data from a large multicenter study were analyzed. Of the 142 hypertensive women with partners, 87 (61%) were sexually active and 55 (39%) were sexually abstinent. The sexually active women were somewhat younger, had higher household incomes, and reported higher ratings of subjective sexual interest than did the abstinent women. For sexually abstinent women, two major factor appeared to determine the level of sexual activity: their partner's level of sexual desire and his health. Of particular note is the finding that the majority of women in both groups indicated moderate or high satisfaction with their sexual life. When the sample was divided into "younger" elderly (age 69 or below) and "older" elderly (70 or above), the percentage of women displaying moderate or high sexual interest was quite similar (76% and 65%, respectively). Difficulty achieving orgasm and lack of vaginal lubrication were the two most common sexual complaints. Scores on quality of life measures did not differ significantly between the sexual abstinent and active women at baseline. PMID:7897675

Leiblum, S R; Baume, R M; Croog, S H

1994-01-01

355

25 CFR 11.407 - Sexual assault.  

Science.gov (United States)

...knows that the other person is unaware that a sexual act is being committed; or (4) The...disciplinary authority over him or her. (b) Sexual contact is any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of the person for the purpose of...

2010-04-01

356

Sexuality in men and women with epilepsy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Most people with epilepsy maintain normal reproductive and sexual lives. However, a significant minority of women with epilepsy (20% to 30%) have some degree of sexual dysfunction, including problems with libido, arousal, and orgasm. Men with epilepsy are at risk for decreased sexual functioning, including sexual interest and sexual performance, at least in part because of increased sex hormone-binding globulin levels and lower bioactive testosterone levels, particularly in association with the use of enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs, such as phenytoin and carbamazepine. A decrease in bioactive testosterone levels probably has a significant effect on the sexuality of women with epilepsy as well. Antiepileptic drugs may also affect sexual function in women through alterations of serotonergic neurotransmission. Epilepsy itself appears to have the potential to affect sexual function. The amygdala is emerging as a brain structure with significant involvement in sexuality in patients with epilepsy, as shown by alterations in sexual functioning after temporal lobectomy. Preliminary evidence suggests that people with temporal lobe epilepsy have reduced genital blood flow in response to erotic stimulation; the etiology of this phenomenon is not well understood, but disruption of the limbic and frontal cortex by epileptic activity may be implicated. Psychosocial factors, including sexual anxiety and stigma associated with epilepsy, can also affect the sexual life of patients with epilepsy. PMID:16871133

Harden, Cynthia L

2006-08-01

357

Graduate Students' Perceptions of Contrapower Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared the perceptions of 172 graduate students to traditional versus contrapower sexual harassment. Graduate students are a unique sample due to their dual role as a student and a teacher. After controlling for attitudes toward feminism and sexual harassment, participants viewed contrapower sexual harassment as less indicative of…

Mohipp, Charmaine; Senn, Charlene Y.

2008-01-01

358

Resolving Ethical Issues when Conducting Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Ethical issues about conducting sexuality education often arise. This paper describes one system of ethics and how the sexuality educator can use that system to determine whether an action is moral or immoral and, therefore, the appropriate action to take for that sexuality educator to be consistent with his or her values. Ethical principles are…

Bruess, Clint E.; Greenberg, Jerrold S.

2008-01-01

359

Play Therapy Behaviors of Sexually Abused Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to identify play therapy behaviors of sexually abused children. Surveys were sent to members of the Association for Play Therapy, of which 249 respondents, who worked with 16 or more sexually abused children, were used. Results indicate that there are identifiable and highly interrelated PTBs of sexually abused…

Homeyer, Linda E.; Landreth, Garry L.

360

Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…

Quincy, Michael L.

2009-01-01

361

Evaluating Sexual Behavior from Writing Characteristics.  

Science.gov (United States)

In discussing sexual behavior as part of and as a result of the total personality, it is appropriate to examine all aspects of a person's handwriting rather than examining only lower looped components in evaluating sexual disturbances. The development of sexual mores and sex roles in our culture from the early Greeks, Romans, and Hebrews through…

King, Leslie W.

362

Peer Sexual Harassment: Finding Voice, Changing Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

This intervention study examines the problem of sexual harassment in an alternative high school for at-risk students. It was hypothesized that creating a forum where girls felt safe to share their experiences would increase their awareness of sexual harassment and its effects, eventually contributing to a decrease in incidents of sexual harassment…

Martin, Jennifer L.

2005-01-01

363

A sexual rights approach to addressing gender-based sexual violence among male prisoners in Malawi  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Sexual violence and abuse in prison are largely ignored in Malawi. There has been some advocacy focusing on HIV and AIDS in prisons, and discussions about providing condoms to prisoners, but the issue of sexual violence has for the most part been ignored. However difficult or controversial the issue [...] of sexuality in prison might be, the government has a duty to protect prisoners from sexual violence. It is illusory to think that sexual violence in prisons may be controlled merely by repressing sexual activity. This article suggests that the best way to respond to sexual violence in prison is to follow the expert counsel of the Technical Consultation on Sexual Health convened by the World Health Organisation and World Association of Sexology in 2002. The Consultation suggested that to achieve sexual health, sexuality and sexual relationships should be approached positively and respectfully. Further, the sexual rights of every person must be protected. Sexual rights are already recognised in national laws and policies, international human rights instruments and consensus documents. They include the right of persons to be free from coercion, discrimination and violence in their sexual relationships. Malawi has a panoply of laws and policies designed to advance sexual health and curb gender-based violence, including the Gender Equality Act, the National Policy on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and sexual offences legislation. In order to end sexual violence and abuse in prisons, these laws and policies must be applied to and implemented in prison. Moreover, these laws and policies must reflect a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, including those among prisoners.

Godfrey D, Kangaude.

2014-01-01

364

A interdisciplinaridade na violência sexual / The interdisciplinarity in sexual violence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a inquirição da vítima de violência sexual como afronta aos direitos humanos da criança, na medida em que busca a obtenção da prova em detrimento da proteção da vítima. Aponta a ação interdisciplinar como indispensável ao trabalho envolvendo violência sexual praticada contra a crianç [...] a, dando ênfase à perícia realizada por profissionais de diversas áreas (Serviço Social, Psicologia, Pedagogia, Pediatra) como instrumento capaz de produzir a prova e de garantir a dignidade e o respeito à vítima. Abstract in english The article is about the inquiry of the victim of sexual violence as an affront to children's human rights, because it searches to get evidence at the loss of the victim's protection. It points out that the interdisciplinary action is essential to the work involving the sexual violence against child [...] ren, and it emphasizes the examination accomplished by professionals from different areas (Social Work, Psychology, Education, Pediatrics) as a way to produce evidence and to guarantee the victim's dignity and respect.

Maria Regina Fay de, Azambuja.

2013-09-01

365

Adolescent, Sexuality and Situations of Vulnerability. One Qualitative Study  

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Full Text Available Abstract: The present article is part of a bigger research about the Perceptions on the Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents in a region of the Federal District. Because to a qualitative approach, based in the phenomenology research. Object is to analyze adolescents living this sexuality in situations of vulnerability in an environment of extreme inequality. The content analysis was used for treatment of, which had been collected in three meeting from projective techniques. Fourteen adolescents of the feminine sex with ages between 10 and 19 participated. The experience in an environment with social risk highlighted the vulnerability in the adolescents lives, mainly, when it involves aspects related to the sexuality and the conditions of health of the community. The results of the research brought up signaled the importance for the access to the information, incentive to the education, improvement of the conditions of health and the creation of a net of support, not only institutional but also communitarian. Keywords: Health of the Adolescent, Sexuality, Vulnerability

Rejane Antonello Griboski

2007-10-01

366

Adolescent, Sexuality and Situations of Vulnerability. One Qualitative Study  

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Full Text Available Abstract: The present article is part of a bigger research about the Perceptions on the Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents in a region of the Federal District. Because to a qualitative approach, based in the phenomenology research. Object is to analyze adolescents living this sexuality in situations of vulnerability in an environment of extreme inequality. The content analysis was used for treatment of, which had been collected in three meeting from projective techniques. Fourteen adolescents of the feminine sex with ages between 10 and 19 participated. The experience in an environment with social risk highlighted the vulnerability in the adolescents lives, mainly, when it involves aspects related to the sexuality and the conditions of health of the community. The results of the research brought up signaled the importance for the access to the information, incentive to the education, improvement of the conditions of health and the creation of a net of support, not only institutional but also communitarian.Keywords: Health of the Adolescent, Sexuality, Vulnerability

Rejane Antonello Griboski

2007-09-01

367

The sexual habits of males who molest.  

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To gain better understanding into the causes of molesting behaviour in males, we examined a prison cohort of molesters and compared them with a control group comprising thieves. The molesters were older, had attained a higher educational level and were more likely to be married. They had their initial sexual intercourse at an older age but tended to have multiple sexual relationships and were less likely to report having viewed pornographic material. Three months prior to committing their offences, molesters seemed to engage in less sexual activity. The implications are that molesters had a need for more explicit sexual contact but were unable to sustain ongoing, stable, intimate sexual relationships. PMID:11281351

Lim, L E; Yap, A K; Ong, S H; Chan, A O; Chan, K L

2000-10-01

368

Sexuality and Menopause, a Belgian Study  

OpenAIRE

Aim: Until the 1980s, due largely to prejudice, post-menopausal women were believed to experience significantly less sexual desire and thus to have sexual intercourse less often than before menopause. Since the 1990s, this type of prejudices seems to have decreased. The aim of our study is to examine the sexuality of post-menopausal women by comparing it to same aged men’s sexual behaviour and the importance of sexuality in their life. Methods: A sample of 1,526 women and 1,151 men aged 55 ...

Zdanowicz, Nicolas; Jacques, Denis; Tordeurs, David; Schepens, Pierre; Reynaert, Christine

2011-01-01

369

Influence of the menopause in the sexual standard: opinion of women  

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Full Text Available In this study we objectify: to inquire the physiological modifications of the menopause that influence the sexual standard of the woman; to know if the frequency of the sexual activity changed the menopause after and to investigate the factors aggravations or extenuating circumstances in the sexual life during this phase. One is about a study of quanti-qualitative nature, had as scene the Center of Health Almerinda Lomanto, having as informing 16 women. The data had been collected using the form. The data had been submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content of Bardin, of where categories and subcategorias had emerged: Changes observed in the sexual relationship after the menopause (Reduction of the libido, Incompreensão of the friend, did not have alteration, positive Change; Reasons that had favored the changes (physiological Alterations in the sexual act, menorragia Chronic headache nauseas fogacho/, Lack or psychological reduction of the pleasure, Alterations. We conclude that during the climatério and after the menopause, can occur physiological modifications that influence the standard of the sexual act, fits professional we while of health, to search to promote attitudes and behaviors that aim at the disruption of myths and taboos and the promotion of the sexual health.

Rosália Teixeira de Araújo

2007-01-01

370

Masturbation among women: associated factors and sexual response in a Portuguese community sample.  

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Masturbation is a common sexual practice with significant variations in reported incidence between men and women. The goal of this study was to explore (a) the age at initiation and frequency of masturbation, (b) the associations of masturbation with diverse variables, (c) the reported reasons for masturbating and associated emotions, and (d) the relation between frequency of masturbation and different sexual behavioral factors. Participants were 3,687 women who completed a web-based survey of previously pilot-tested items. The results reveal a high reported incidence of masturbation practices among this convenience sample of women. Among the women in this sample, 91% indicated that they had masturbated at some point in their lives, and 29.3% reported having masturbated within the past month. Masturbation behavior appears to be related to a greater sexual repertoire, more sexual fantasies, and greater reported ease in reaching sexual arousal and orgasm. Women reported many reasons for masturbation and a variety of direct and indirect techniques. A minority of women reported feeling shame and guilt associated with masturbation. Early masturbation experience might be beneficial to sexual arousal and orgasm in adulthood. Further, this study demonstrates that masturbation is a positive component in the structuring of female sexuality. PMID:23421789

Carvalheira, Ana; Leal, Isabel

2013-01-01

371

Sexual Recombination in Gibberella zeae.  

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ABSTRACT We developed a method for inducing sexual outcrosses in the homothallic Ascomycete fungus Gibberella zeae (anamorph: Fusarium graminearum). Strains were marked with different nitrate nonutilizing (nit) mutations, and vegetative compatibility groups served as additional markers in some crosses. Strains with complementary nit mutations were cocultured on carrot agar plates. Ascospores from individual perithecia were plated on a minimal medium (MM) containing nitrate as the sole nitrogen source. Crosses between different nit mutants segregated in expected ratios (3:1 nit(-):nit(+)) from heterozygous perithecia. Analysis of vegetative compatibility groups of progeny of two crosses indicated two and three vegetative incompatibility (vic) genes segregating, respectively. For rapid testing of sexual recombination between nit mutants, perithecia were inverted over MM to deposit actively discharged ascospores. Development of proto-trophic wild-type colonies was taken as evidence of sexual recombination. Strains of G. zeae group 2 from Japan, Nepal, and South Africa, and from Indiana, Kansas, and Ohio in the United States were sexually interfertile. Four group 1 strains were not interfertile among themselves or with seven group 2 strains. Attempts to cross G. zeae with representatives of F. acuminatum, F. avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. crookwellense, F. oxysporum, and three mating populations of G. fujikuroi were not successful. PMID:18944794

Bowden, R L; Leslie, J F

1999-02-01

372

Paedophilia, Sexual Desire, and Perversity.  

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Criticizes justifications given by pedophiles for having sex with children, including an analysis of "sexual desire" and "erotic." Raises the question of whether pedophile activities can ever be morally permissible. Uses principles of mutual consent and non-exploitation to answer negatively. Examines whether pedophile desires can be regarded as…

Spiecker, Ben; Steutel, Jan

1997-01-01

373

Tobacco Use among Sexual Minorities  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter addresses tobacco use among sexual minorities. It examines research on the prevalence of tobacco use in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and discusses why tobacco use within this group continues to significantly exceed that of the general population.

Bryant, Lawrence O.; Bowman, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

374

Sex therapy in a couple with learning disabilities  

OpenAIRE

Despite greater emphasis in the last decade on sex education programmes for young people who have learning disabilities, there are few reports of sexual counselling or sex therapy. This case study discusses a married couple who had been married for seven months and who had been together for the previous year. Sexual intercourse had only been achieved on two occasions. This was too low in frequency for both partners. No other problems, such as lack of time in foreplay or insufficient enjoyment...

Bell, Dm; Toplis, L.; Espie, Ca

1999-01-01

375

Female sexuality, regulation and resistance.  

Science.gov (United States)

India was the context for this discussion of female sexuality, rigid social norms, women's strategies for resistance, the evolution of norms from colonial India, prostitution, myths, and self-help women's activities. Sexuality is a changing set of ideas, and women have contributed to the redefinition. The biological view without consideration of the sociocultural and historical influences proscribes what is deviant and may be used to reinforce patriarchy and colonialism. Management and control of sexuality has been influenced by class, religion, caste, and ethnicity. During the colonial period, women's sexuality and treatment was challenged by the missionaries. The abolishment of "sati" as a traditional practice was used by the British to expand their rule and control over a wider regional area. Attempts were also made to regulate prostitution as means of protecting the health of the British army. The law requiring registration, examination, and commitment for treatment of prostitutes was not adhered to by the women involved. The notion of mothers as irresponsible came into being about 1900, and encouraged abandonment of traditional child- rearing ways for the Western standard of health and hygiene, and lifestyle. In Bengal, motherhood and mother qoddesses became the symbol of the liberation movement. The maternal role could be strengthened through education. The notion of mother and nationhood was supported by the women's movement in Great Britain and the US through positive eugenics ideas of quality race, which supported the ruling elite of British and Indians. Thus, the high class women were to be protected from early marriage, and encouraged to produce children fit to govern; the poor were to be protected from prostitution and overpopulation. Post colonial ideas about sexuality reflected a number of influences both from within and outside India. Health was a focus, and program targets were those who were outside the norm: women with too many children, homosexuals, and prostitutes. Protests have been made against dowry, rape, violence against women, and against specific contraceptives. Women's groups have challenged beliefs about the polluting aspect of women's sexuality, and linked sexuality with spirituality. Grassroots networks were set up in 1989 to teach self- help. PMID:12345529

Khanna, R; Price, J

1994-06-01

376

Sexuality After Breast Cancer: Need for Guideline  

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Full Text Available Background: Clinical experiences have revealed that patients with breast cancer experience various sexual problems following their treatment. Breast cancer negatively impacts the sexual life of the afflicted couples, and as a traumatic event can influence women’s psychosexual functioning and intimate relationship. This review focuses on sexuality after breast cancer and on a growing need for bio-psycho-social guidelines for breast cancer treatment. Methods: This study aims to review the literature on management, psychological outcomes and sexual dysfunction in patients with breast cancer. Results: Although the benefits of the current treatment strategies are well established, many cancer survivors are at risk for developing psycho physiological symptoms including sexual dysfunction. Cancer and treatment-related factors can influence sexual functioning. We review current treatment -related side effects on sexual functioning such as desire, arousal and orgasm in breast cancer patients. Despite the impact of medical treatment on survival of patients with breast cancer, no satisfactory steps have been taken towards improving sexual functioning of these patients. Conclusion: Breast cancer affects many aspects of sexuality, including changes in physical functioning and in the perception of feminity. Sexual dysfunction following breast cancer should be diagnosed and managed as a systematic approach with multidisciplinary inputs. Healthcare professionals should assess the effects of medical and surgical treatment on the sexuality of breast cancer survivors.

Vaziri Sh

2012-02-01

377

Sexual assault against female Nigerian students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual assault is a common social disorder among students in our tertiary institutions. This study ascertains the extent and effect of sexual assault among Nigerian students. Two hundred and Sixty Eight structured questionnaires were distributed to randomly selected students in 4 tertiary institutions, information on socio demography, sexual history and consequences of their exposure were obtained for analysis and interpretation. Thirty seven (13.8%) of the respondents were sexually assaulted as a student and 19 (7.1%) were assaulted by their lecturers and fellow students, Younger age at coitarche, history of forced coitarche, marriage, coitarche with relations and unknown persons, significantly influenced subsequent risks of sexual assault. Improve security, moral behaviours enforcing dress code and stiffer penalties were suggested ways to prevent sexual assault among the students. Sexual assault is still a common finding in our institutions; effort should be made by all stake holders to prevent this social embarrassment. PMID:21495612

Kullima, Abubakar Ali; Kawuwa, Mohammed Bello; Audu, Bala Mohammed; Mairiga, Abdulkarim G; Bukar, Mohammed

2010-09-01

378

Sexual minority youth victimization and social support: the intersection of sexuality, gender, race, and victimization.  

Science.gov (United States)

In comparison to heterosexual youth, sexual minority youth are more likely to experience victimization. Multiple studies have connected anti-gay prejudice and anti-gay victimization to negative outcomes. Research shows that social support may protect sexual minorities from the harmful effects of anti-gay victimization. However, rates of victimization and the negative outcomes linked to sexual identity within the sexual minority community have been relatively unexplored. Using data from three years of statewide data from heterosexual and sexual minority adolescents in grades 9-12, this study examines victimization, substance use, suicidality, and access to social support by sexuality. Results indicate that sexual minority youth are at increased risk for victimization, substance use, suicidality, and social isolation compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Results also indicate that there is very little bivariate difference within the sexual minority community. Multivariate results indicate differences among sexual minorities' experiences with victimization and substance use. PMID:22269046

Button, Deeanna M; O'Connell, Daniel J; Gealt, Roberta

2012-01-01

379

Relationships between attitudes toward sexuality, sexual behaviors, and contraceptive practices among Chinese medical and nursing undergraduates.  

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In this study, we investigated attitudes toward sexuality, the prevalence of sexual behaviors and contraceptive use among Chinese medical and nursing undergraduates, and relationships between attitudes toward sexuality and sexual and contraceptive practices among these participants. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out by using a Personal Attitude toward Sexuality Scale and Sexual and Contraceptive Questionnaire. The participants were recruited in the researcher's lectures. A total of 158 participants joined this study. Overall, Chinese medical and nursing undergraduates in this study held relatively conservative attitudes toward sexuality. The prevalence of sexually-active students was relatively low, and the percentage of contraceptive use among those sexually-active students was also low. Participants' attitudes toward sexuality had statistically-significant effects on their sexual and contraceptive practices. Nearly half of the sexually-active participants reported never using any contraceptive method during sexual intercourse. This finding has important public health implications, as young people represent the group with the largest rate of new infections of HIV/AIDS in China. A more comprehensive sexual education program that extends to college undergraduates and promotes the social acceptability of using contraception, specifically condoms, is needed. PMID:25491444

Zeng, Yingchun; Luo, Taizhen; Zhou, Ying

2014-12-10

380

Comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual Sexual behavior and biodemographic factors associated with sexually transmitted infections  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV 52 % y sífilis (25 %. CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs. METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STIs, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV 52% and syphilis (25%. CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.

Ruth Pérez Villegas

2008-04-01

381

Comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual / Sexual behavior and biodemographic factors associated with sexually transmitted infections  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 [...] sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV) 52 % y sífilis (25 %). CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STI [...] s, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV) 52% and syphilis (25%). CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.

Ruth, Pérez Villegas; Alejandra, Ceballos Morales; Mayli, Sanhueza V; Maríajose, Rebolledo M; María Graciela, González M; Víctor Hugo, Durán R.

2008-04-01

382

Culpabilidad sexual en jóvenes: influencia de las actitudes y la experiencia sexual / Sexual guilt in youngsters: the influence of attitudes and sexual experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La culpabilidad sexual es un factor determinante de la conducta sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la culpabilidad sexual en una muestra de 594 jóvenes salvadoreños con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, seleccionados mediante un procedimiento no aleatorio, con el propósito d [...] e determinar la influencia que sobre la misma tienen una serie de variables sociodemográficas y de actitudes hacia la sexualidad. Los participantes contestaron el Inventario de Culpabilidad Sexual Revisado de Mosher, la Escala de Opinión Sexual, la Escala Hurlbert de Fantasías Sexuales y el Inventario de Actitudes Negativas hacia la Masturbación. Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron que la culpabilidad sexual está determinada, entre otros factores, por las actitudes hacia las fantasías sexuales, la erotofilia, las actitudes negativas hacia la masturbación y por la experiencia sexual en este orden, siendo más importantes las variables actitudinales que las sociodemográficas. Los resultados de estudios como éste sirven para analizar el papel de la culpabilidad sexual en la sexualidad humana y desarrollar futuros programas de educación sexual para adolescentes. Abstract in english Sex guilt is a determinant of sexual behavior. The goal of the present study was to analyze sex guilt in a Salvadorian sample of 594 young with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years, selected through a non-random process, in order to assess the influence of socio-demographic and sexual attitudinal variab [...] les on it. Participants filled in the Revised Mosher Guilt Inventory, the Sexual Opinion Survey, the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy, and the Negative Attitudes toward Masturbation Inventory. Results of multiple regression analysis suggested that sex guilt is determined, among other things, by attitudes towards sexual fantasy, erotophilia, negative attitudes toward masturbation, and sexual experience, in this order, being the attitudinal variables more important than the socio-demographic variables. Results of studies like this are useful to analyze the role of sex guilt in human sexuality and to develop sexual education programs for adolescents.

Juan Carlos, Sierra; Felipe, Perla; Pablo, Santos-Iglesias.

2011-01-01

383

Prevalence of dating violence among sexual minority youth: variation across gender, sexual minority identity and gender of sexual partners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dating violence during adolescence negatively influences concurrent psychosocial functioning, and has been linked with an increased likelihood of later intimate partner violence. Identifying who is most vulnerable for this negative outcome can inform the development of intervention practices addressing this problem. The two goals of this study were to assess variations in the prevalence of dating violence across different measures of sexual minority status (e.g., sexual minority identity or same-sex sexual behavior), and to assess whether this association was mediated by bullying, the number of sexual partners, binge drinking or aggressive behaviors. These goals were assessed by employing the Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 12,984), a regionally representative sample of youth ages 14-18. In this sample, a total of 540 girls and 323 boys reported a non-heterosexual identity, and 429 girls and 230 boys reported having had one or more same-sex sexual partners. The results generally supported a higher prevalence of dating violence among sexual minority youth. This vulnerability varied considerably across gender, sexual minority identity and the gender of sexual partners, but generally persisted when accounting for the mediating variables. The findings support investigating dating violence as a mechanism in the disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual youth, and the importance of addressing sexual minority youth specifically in interventions targeting dating violence. PMID:24407932

Martin-Storey, Alexa

2015-01-01

384

Male fertility and sexual function after spinal cord injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal cord injury has an enormous impact upon the sexual relationship of a man and his partner. Erection may be partial or absent, orgasm altered or impossible, and fertility severely impaired. New understanding of the physiology of sexual function and improved treatment can enable most cord-injured men to achieve erections suitable for sexual satisfaction. Modern methods of sperm collection and fertility treatment mean that many can also be fathers. The best results are obtained by a team approach involving rehabilitation and reproductive medicine clinicians, nurses, spinal cord injury specialists and counselors with the cord-injured man and his partner. Erections can be achieved by drugs, such as sildenafil, that block phosphodiesterase 5, prolonging the action of nitric oxide with resultant smooth muscle relaxation. Intracavernosal prostaglandin E1 and mechanical systems, such as vacuum pumps and constriction rings, are also effective. Sexual gratification can be promoted in the context of an understanding relationship in which the cord-injured person can gain pleasure from pleasing his partner and also from his partner's exploration of erotogenic areas not affected by the spinal cord injury. An emphasis on the broader view of sexuality in relationships allows for a continuance and strengthening of bonds between the couple. Vibration ejaculation or electroejaculation can be used to collect semen. For a limited period in the acute phase, usually for about 6-12 days after injury, normal semen can be obtained by electroejaculation from some cord-injured men. With chronic spinal cord injury the semen is of variable quality. Some patients have necrospermia, which may be improved by regular ejaculation. Others have poor quality semen or spermatogenic disorders and, in this situation, in vitro fertilization techniques must be used to achieve parenthood. Trials of assisted ejaculation help individualize cost-effective management of the infertility. PMID:16198718

Brown, D J; Hill, S T; Baker, H W G

2006-01-01

385

Medfly populations differ in diel and age patterns of sexual signalling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Insect populations may differ in several life history traits, including behavioural ones such as sexual signalling. We tested whether male Mediterranean fruit fly (medlfy), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations obtained from geographically isolated areas exhibit differences in quantitative and qualitative aspects of male sexual signalling. Male sexual signalling was studied in four medfly populations (originating from Brazil, Portugal, Kenya, and Greece) under identical laboratory conditions (25 °C, 60% r.h., and L14:D10). The four populations had been reared for one generation in the laboratory. Sexual signalling was studied in the F(1) progeny that were fed one of two diets (yeast hydrolysate plus sugar or sugar only). On both diets, the four populations differed significantly in the progress of maturity (indicated by the average number of males exhibiting sexual signalling) and in the quantity of signalling after attaining maturity. Yeast availability significantly increased sexual signalling; however, it had a different impact on the quantity of signalling in the different populations. A bimodal pattern of sexual signalling, with one peak at approximately 08:00-09:00 hours and the second at approximately 13:00-14:00 hours, was recorded for all populations and diets. However, quantitative differences among the populations within the 'sexually active' period of the day resulted in significant differences in the daily pattern of sexual signalling. The significance of these findings for understanding adaptations of geographically-isolated medfly populations to different ecosystems, as well as its practical importance for the application of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against C. capitata, is discussed. PMID:19774092

Diamantidis, Alexandros D; Papadopoulos, Nikos T; Carey, James R

2008-09-01

386

Sexual Dysfunction in Epileptic Men  

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Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sexual dysfunction among epileptic patients. Materials and Methods: Eighty married men between 22 and 50 years with a confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy were enrolled in this study. Patients with other neurological diseases, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, underlying urogenital diseases, and impaired general health status were excluded. Furthermore, those with mental health problems were identified by the standardized General Health Questionnaire-28 and were excluded. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the disease were evaluated, and sexual function was assessed by the self-administered questionnaire of the International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15. Results: Of 80 patients, 34 (42.5% had erectile dysfunction. There were no differences between the patients in the 3 age groups in the IIEF scores. Type of seizure had a significant correlation with erectile function score (P = .008. None of the IIEF domains scores were different between the patients with controlled epilepsy and those with uncontrolled epilepsy during the previous 6 months. However, frequency of epileptic seizures (before treatment correlated with the scores for erectile function (r = 0.31; P = .005, orgasmic function (r = 0.23; P = .04, and sexual desire (r = 0.24; P = .03. Conclusion: It seems that the main aspects of sexual activity such as erectile function, orgasmic function, and sexual desire are frequently impaired in epileptic patients. Our findings were also indicative of a higher risk of sexual dysfunction in patients with partial seizures.

Ala Emamzadeh

2007-02-01

387

PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS  

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Full Text Available Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC - Brasil. Método: Investigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; pBackground: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC - Brazil. Method: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC, Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test. Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p<0.001, as well as the self-masturbation practices (Cochran's Q=9.42; p=0.024, to be masturbated (Cochran's Q=31.04; p <0.001, to masturbate the partner (Cochran's Q=14.39; p=0.002, felation (Cochran's Q=25.84; p<0.001, cunilingus (Cochran's Q=30.70; p<0.001, mutual oral sex (Cochran's Q=36.37; p<0.001 and anal sex (Cochran's Q=25.59; p <0.001. None of the participants made use of vibrator as a sex toy. Conclusions: the gestational period affects significantly the proportions of accomplishment of the sexual practices, while the variations of the results in this study re-gards to other studies can be credited to the cultural diversity.

Cinara Sacomori

2008-01-01

388

Sexual behavior in children: normal or not?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual abuse is a problem of epidemic proportions in the United States. Given the scope of the problem of sexual abuse and the amount of media attention it receives, it is not unusual for parents or caretakers who witness a child exhibiting sexual behavior to become alarmed. Primary care providers, including pediatric nurse practitioners, may be the first professional parents contact with concerns regarding a child's sexual behavior. It is imperative that primary care providers understand childhood sexuality and respond appropriately when confronted with child sexual behaviors in their practice. Although the literature includes little research on the subject of normal child sexual development, certain guidelines have been identified to describe normal child sexual behaviors and those of concern. Case studies illustrate the response of two primary care providers when they are confronted with sexual behaviors in their patients. Implications for practice are discussed, with examples and guidelines provided for primary care providers to use when evaluating sexual behavior in their pediatric patients. PMID:15007288

Hornor, Gail

2004-01-01

389

Smoking is Unrelated to Female Sexual Function.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Previous research shows that smoking status is unrelated to female sexual difficulties. However, degree of nicotine dependence has not been measured, and the assessment of sexual functioning has not specified penile-vaginal intercourse (henceforth, intercourse), which is more clearly impaired by sexual difficulties than other sexual behaviors. Objectives. To test if smoking status is associated with poorer female sexual function during intercourse, and if nicotine dependence rather than smoking status is related to poorer female sexual function. Methods. During 2012, 129 Portuguese community women reported their smoking status, and completed the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and an adaptation of the FSFI to assess sexual functioning specifically during intercourse, as well as the desire thereof. Results. Smokers reported higher desire for intercourse and were more likely to have actually engaged in it in the past 4 weeks. Among the coitally active women in the preceding 4 weeks, nicotine dependence correlated with lower desire for intercourse. Smoking status and nicotine dependence were unrelated to arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, pain. Conclusions. The findings are consistent with many studies that fail to demonstrate an increased risk of sexual difficulties among female smokers. However, nicotine dependence, rather than smoking status per se, might be associated with lower libido. The results suggest the possibility of an inverse U-shaped relationship between smoking and libido with a moderate use of tobacco being associated with higher sexual desire. PMID:25290661

Costa, Rui Miguel; Peres, Luís

2015-01-28

390

Sexuality in midlife: Where the passion goes?  

Science.gov (United States)

Women's sexuality is highly capricious and multifaceted. Sexual functioning is an imperative component of women's lives and has progressively received public health, medical and even pharmaceutical attention. Sexual functioning, however, declines with age, leading to much debate about the contribution of menopause to sexual activity and functioning among women. The past two decades have witnessed an explosion of research into female sexuality. It is now understood that healthy and satisfying sexual function may extend all through the life cycle, and does not finish with end of child bearing years. Very few women's healthcare physicians are adequately trained to monitor a woman's sexual health through her menopausal transition and beyond, much less how to treat the sexual problems that can arise during this special time. The strong association of physical health and psycho-social factors with sexual functioning accentuates the clinical domineering to explore these factors when discussing women's apprehensions regarding sexual dysfunction. It is need of hour to create scientific evidence to help women's health care physicians understand the requirements of women in these special years of her life and help deliver the care they need and so rightly, deserve. PMID:23372319

Magon, Navneet; Chauhan, Monica; Malik, Sonia; Shah, Duru

2012-01-01

391

Understanding sexuality among Indian urban school adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Context: Adolescence is a very exciting phase of life fraught with many challenges like sexuality. Understanding them is important in helping the adolescents grow up healthily. Aims: To ascertain the attitudes and knowledge about sexuality among school-going adolescents. Settings and Design: Students in two urban schools of an Indian city from class IX to XII were administered a self-reporting questionnaire on matters related to sexuality. Materials and Methods: Requisite ethical clearances were taken as also the consent of the parents and students before administration of the questionnaire. The authors clarified doubts to adolescents. Statistical analysis: Statistical package for social sciences. Results: The incidence of having sexual contact was 30.08% for boys and 17.18% for girls. 6.31% boys and 1.31% girls reported having had experienced sexual intercourse. Friends constituted the main sexual partners for both boys and girls. Sexual abuse had been reported by both girls and boys. These and other findings are discussed in the article. Conclusions: Adolescent school students are involved in sexual activity, but lack adequate knowledge in this regard. Students, teachers, and parents need to understand various aspects of sexuality to be able to help adolescents’ healthy sexual development. PMID:22969181

Ramadugu, Shashikumar; Ryali, VSSR; Srivastava, K.; Bhat, P. S.; Prakash, J.

2011-01-01

392

Sexual violence and the girl child.  

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This article discusses the forms of sexual abuse of female children and the psychosocial impact on the well-being of girls in India. Child sexual abuse statistics reveal an estimated 50% of girls being sexually abused before the age of 15 years. Girl children are abused and then are made to feel personally responsible, guilty, or persecuted. Girls are threatened with violence if they tell about the sexual abuse. Pregnancies arising from sexual abuse result in shame and early marriage. Male children are also abused but they are not made to feel punished. Child sexual abuse is technically any sexual activity (rape, fondling of genitalia, masturbation, forced oral sex, sodomy, or vaginal penetration) that is committed by someone in a position of authority, power, or trust over the child or by a stranger. The World Health Organization estimates that 1 in 10 children worldwide is sexually abused. Rape within the family is particularly difficult for the victim. In almost 60% of rape cases, the victim was unwilling to report the name of the abuser. Families remain silent about sexual offenses in order to protect the family image. Mothers remain silent if the abuser is the father, which interferes with a child's relationship to both parents. Sexual abuse can result in bed wetting, nightmares, sleep disorders, depression, anxiety, running away from home, multiple personality disorders, precocious sexual behavior, or sexual inhibition and low self-esteem. Parental responses tend to be inappropriate discipline or ignoring it. Children may experience flashbacks or other long-term effects. Girls who experience sexual abuse once tend to be more vulnerable to abuse in adult life. Healing is slow and systematic. The first aim is to restore a girl's ability to say no and to teach her to protect herself. Healing is about removing guilt and resolution of the conflict between blame and the grossness of the violation. PMID:12158003

Purewal, J

1995-01-01

393

Synaesthesia and Sexuality: The influence of synaesthetic perceptions on sexual experience  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Synaesthesia is a phenomenon in which a certain stimulus induces a concurrent sensory perception; it has an estimated prevalence of 4 %. Sexual arousal as an inducer for synaesthetic perceptions is rarely mentioned in the literature but can be found sometimes in case reports about subjective orgasmic experiences. Aims. To examine whether synaesthetic perceptions during sexual intercourse have an impact on the sexual experience and the extent of sexual trance compared to non-synaesthetes. Methods. In total, 19 synaesthetes with sexual forms of synaesthesia (17 female; 2 male were included as well as corresponding control data of 36 non-synaesthetic subjects (n = 55. Two questionnaires were used to assess relevant aspects of sexual function and dysfunction (a German adaption of the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning, KFSP as well as the occurrence and extent of sexual trance (german version of the Altered States of Consciousness Questionnaire, OAVAV. Additionally qualitative interviews were conducted in some subjects to further explore the nature of sexual experiences in synaesthetes. Main Outcome Measures. Sexual experience and extent of sexual trance during intercourse. Results. Synaesthetes depicted significantly better overall sexual function on the KFSP with increased scores for the subscale “sexual appetence” but coevally significant lower subscale scores for “sexual satisfaction”. Sexual dysfunction was not detected in this sample. Synaesthetes depicted significantly higher levels of the subscales “oceanic boundlessness” and “visionary restructuralization” than controls using the OAVAV. Qualitative interviews revealed varying synaesthetic perceptions during the different states of arousal. Furthermore, synaesthetes reported an unsatisfactory feeling of isolation caused by the idiosyncratic perceptions. Conclusions. Synaesthetes with sexual forms of synaesthesia seem to experience a deeper state of sexual trance without, however,

MarkusZedler

2013-10-01

394

Subjective Sexual Experiences of Behaviorally Bisexual Men in the Midwestern United States: Sexual Attraction, Sexual Behaviors, & Condom Use.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies concerning behaviorally bisexual men continue to focus on understanding sexual risk in according to a narrow range of sexual behaviors. Few studies have explored the subjective meanings and experiences related to bisexual men's sexual behaviors with both male and female partners. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 75 men who engaged in bisexual behavior within the past six months. Participants were asked about their subjective sexual experiences with male and female partners. Findings suggest adherence to normative gender roles, with attraction to men and women conforming to these stereotypes, as well as a segregation of sexual behaviors along gendered lines. Overall, condom use was influenced by perceptions of potential negative consequences. Based on these findings, it remains critical that public health and other social and behavioral sciences continue to study bisexual men's sexual health issues as separate and distinct from their exclusively homosexual and heterosexual counterparts. PMID:22745592

Schnarrs, Phillip W; Dodge, Brian; Reece, Michael; Goncalves, Gabriel; Martinez, Omar; Van Der Pol, Barbara; Malebranche, David; Murray, Maresa; Nix, Ryan; Fortenberry, J Dennis

2012-01-01

395

Traumatic childhood sexual events and secondary sexual health complaints in neurotic disorders  

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Full Text Available Aim. Assessment of the association between self-reported sexual complaints and recalled childhood sexual adversities in a sample of psychotherapy patients.Material and methods. Coexistence of memories concerning traumatic events and minor sexual adversities and the currently present symptoms were analyzed on the basis of KO”0” Symptom Checklist andLife Inventory completed prior to treatment in the day hospital for neurotic disorders. Questionnaires from 3929 psychotherapy patients were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed on biographical and symptom items. Odds ratios for men and women were determined separately.Results. Associations between sexual adverse events, and current sexual health complaints, as estimated by OR coefficients, showed to be statistically significant. In the subgroups of patients who reported two categories of sexual adversities e.g. were both punished for masturbation and were not educated about sex, the risk of sexual complaints was further increased.Discussion. Both self-reported traumatic sexual events and sexual problems are quite common in the patient population and are strongly associated. Our study has replicated other’s findings in a large sample of outpatients suffering from neurotic disorders.Conclusions. Deficits in sex education, the trauma of incest, punishment for sexual play or masturbation, or too early or unwanted sexual initiation, are important risk factors of sexual symptoms accompanying neurotic syndromes. Results strongly suggest that studies focusing on the effects of sexual traumatic events should take into consideration the co-occurrence of multiple adversities.

Soba?ski, Jerzy A

2013-09-01

396

Human Sexual Desire Disorder: Do We Have a Problem?  

Science.gov (United States)

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD), loss of sexual desire for sexual activity, is one of the most common sexual dysfunctions of men and women in the United States. This article presents an overview of this specific sexual dysfunction including incidence, possible causes, treatment options, and the role of the health educator in addressing…

McNab, Warren L.; Henry, Jean

2006-01-01

397

Terminology of Sexuality Expressions that Exclude Penetration: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Precise terminology is paramount in sexuality education. Most sexuality research focuses on the dichotomous concepts of sexual intercourse and virginity, yet there are many expressions of sexuality classified as neither. The purpose of this literature review is to identify and examine the various terms and definitions describing sexuality

Menn, Mindy; Goodson, Patricia; Pruitt, Buzz; Peck-Parrott, Kelli

2011-01-01

398

A Theoretical Model of Sexual Assault: An Empirical Test.  

Science.gov (United States)

Koss and Dinero's (1987) comprehensive developmental model of sexual aggression asserts that sexual assault is in part a result of early sexual experiences and family violence; that sexually aggressive behaviors may be predicted by such "releaser" variables as current sexual behavior, alcohol use, and peer group support; and that use of aggression…

White, Jacquelyn W.; Humphrey, John A.

399

Diversidad sexual, salud y ciudadanía / Sexual diversity, health and citizenship  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las orientaciones sexuales no heterosexuales dejaron de ser consideradas como patológicas por la Asociación Psiquiátrica Americana en 1973 y por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en 1990. Sin embargo, en opinión de los autores, en América Latina estos cambios no se han traducido ni en una atención [...] en salud inclusiva ni en el reconocimiento como ciudadanos plenos de las personas no heterosexuales. Este documento tiene como propósito brindar un panorama teórico referente a sexualidad, proponiendo condiciones apropiadas que permitan encarar exitosamente los desafíos que se presentan. Así, se expone el papel regulador que ejerce la medicina sobre la sexualidad, hecho que ha generado reacciones tanto académicas como políticas. Se señala el progresivo cambio dado en las ciencias médicas: desde considerar patológica la sexualidad no heterosexual hasta ofrecerle, al menos en teoría, inclusión. Se describen los impactos negativos que un ambiente social adverso genera en un individuo. Finalmente, se proponen acciones concretas a tomar para brindar mejores servicios de salud a las y los ciudadanos no heterosexuales. Abstract in english Non-heterosexual sexual orientations are no longer considered pathological by the American Psychiatric Association since 1973 and the World Health Organization since 1990. However, to many authors, these changes in Latin America have not been translated into an inclusive healthcare provision or the [...] recognition of non-heterosexual citizens with full rights. The purpose of this document is to provide a theoretical view regarding sexuality, proposing proper conditions that allow to successfully facing arising challenges. Thus, the regulating role of medicine over sexuality has been exposed, which has led to both academic and political reactions. The progressive change given in medical science has been pointed out: from considering non-heterosexual sexuality to be pathological to offering, in theory at least, inclusion. The negative impacts of what an adverse social environment causes to an individual are described. Finally, specific actions are proposed to provide better health services to non-heterosexual citizens.

Carlos F., Cáceres; Víctor A., Talavera; Rafael, Mazín Reynoso.

2013-12-01

400

Diversidad sexual, salud y ciudadanía / Sexual diversity, health and citizenship  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las orientaciones sexuales no heterosexuales dejaron de ser consideradas como patológicas por la Asociación Psiquiátrica Americana en 1973 y por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en 1990. Sin embargo, en opinión de los autores, en América Latina estos cambios no se han traducido ni en una atención [...] en salud inclusiva ni en el reconocimiento como ciudadanos plenos de las personas no heterosexuales. Este documento tiene como propósito brindar un panorama teórico referente a sexualidad, proponiendo condiciones apropiadas que permitan encarar exitosamente los desafíos que se presentan. Así, se expone el papel regulador que ejerce la medicina sobre la sexualidad, hecho que ha generado reacciones tanto académicas como políticas. Se señala el progresivo cambio dado en las ciencias médicas: desde considerar patológica la sexualidad no heterosexual hasta ofrecerle, al menos en teoría, inclusión. Se describen los impactos negativos que un ambiente social adverso genera en un individuo. Finalmente, se proponen acciones concretas a tomar para brindar mejores servicios de salud a las y los ciudadanos no heterosexuales. Abstract in english Non-heterosexual sexual orientations are no longer considered pathological by the American Psychiatric Association since 1973 and the World Health Organization since 1990. However, to many authors, these changes in Latin America have not been translated into an inclusive healthcare provision or the [...] recognition of non-heterosexual citizens with full rights. The purpose of this document is to provide a theoretical view regarding sexuality, proposing proper conditions that allow to successfully facing arising challenges. Thus, the regulating role of medicine over sexuality has been exposed, which has led to both academic and political reactions. The progressive change given in medical science has been pointed out: from considering non-heterosexual sexuality to be pathological to offering, in theory at least, inclusion. The negative impacts of what an adverse social environment causes to an individual are described. Finally, specific actions are proposed to provide better health services to non-heterosexual citizens.

Carlos F., Cáceres; Víctor A., Talavera; Rafael, Mazín Reynoso.

2013-12-01

401

The need to better address sexuality and sexual health issues, including good quality sexuality counselling in India  

OpenAIRE

An evidence base for developing guidelines on providing good quality sexuality counselling was generated by conducting a desk review, in-depth key-informant interviews with policy makers, government officials, representatives from NGOs and other help lines, donors, international organizations, counselling trainers, counselors and managers of Talking About Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues (TARSHI) in New Delhi, India. Sexuality has to be acknowledged as an important dimension of human exi...

Royal Tropical Institute (KIT); Sahaj

2008-01-01

402

Infecciones de transmisión sexual: epidemiología y control Sexually transmitted infections: epidemiology and control  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS comprenden un grupo de patologías, de etiología infecciosa diversa, en las que la transmisión sexual es relevante desde el punto de vista de salud pública. La carga de enfermedad que suponen las ITS globalmente se desconoce, ya que las infecciones asintomáticas son frecuentes, las técnicas diagnósticas no siempre están disponibles y la vigilancia epidemiológica es inexistente o muy deficiente en muchos países. La Organización Mundial de la Salud estimó que en 1999 se produjeron en el mundo 340 millones de casos nuevos de sífilis, gonorrea, clamidiasis y tricomoniasis. En la Unión Europea, al igual que en España, ITS como la gonococia o la sífilis muestran en los últimos años una tendencia ascendente. La co-infección entre distintas ITS es muy frecuente. Por ello, en cualquier persona que presente una de ellas debe descartase la presencia de otras, en particular la infección por VIH y la infección por clamidia; esta última es la ITS más común en Europa y frecuentemente es asintomática. La prevención y el control de las ITS se basa en la educación sanitaria, el diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz, la detección de las infecciones asintomáticas, el estudio de los contactos y la inmunización cuando se dispone de vacuna.Sexually transmitted infections (STI include a group of diseases of diverse infectious etiology in which sexual transmission is relevant. The burden of disease that STI represent globally is unknown for several reasons. Firstly, asymptomatic infections are common in many STI; secondly, diagnostic techniques are not available in some of the most affected countries; finally, surveillance systems are inexistent or very deficient in many areas of the world. The Word Health Organization has estimated that in 1999 there were 340 million new cases of syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia infection and trichomoniasis. An increasing trend in the incidence of gonorrhoea and syphilis has been noticed in the last years in the European Union, including Spain. Co-infection with other STI, especially HIV, should be ruled out in all STI patients. Chlamydia screening is also of particular importance since this is the most common STI in Europe and frequently goes unnoticed. STI prevention and control should be based on health education, early diagnosis and treatment, screening for asymptomatic infections, contact investigation and vaccination for those diseases for which a vaccine is available.

M. Díez

2011-10-01

403

Sexually Transmitted Infections in Tehran  

OpenAIRE

"nObjective: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain a public health problem of major significance in most parts of the world. This study aimed to detect the most prevalent pathogens in patients with signs and symptoms of STI referring to a group of university clinics in Tehran."nMaterials and methods: In this cross-sectional study using randomized cluster sampling, 507 consecutive male and female patients presenting with signs and symptoms of STI referring to selected health ...

Homeyra Masoomi; Zahra Zonoobi; Shahrzad Zadeh Modarres; Sima Giti; Atossa Mahdavi; Seyed Jalil Hosseini; Afshin Moradi; Hadi Beyhaghi; Maryam Afrakhteh

2008-01-01

404

Respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el juicio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94. Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas naturales se ubicaron en las categorías alta o moderada; mientras que en las histerectomizadas en moderada o baja. En el orgasmo, los indicadores analizados se encontraron en iguales categorías, salvo el indicador tipos de estimulación que resultó alto en las que presentaron menopausia natural y bajo en las quirúrgicas. Por su parte, en las fases de meseta y resolución los indicadores se mostraron en categorías similares. Conclusión: Existen diferencias significativas en las fases de excitación y orgasmo entre ambos grupos, reflejando en las mujeres que tuvieron una menopausia natural bienestar sexual, vida placentera y salud.Objective: To compare the sexual response in postmenopausal women according with the menopause type showed. Methods: One thousand twenty patients were studied, divided into two matched groups, which were assessed through a questionnaire comprising 46 items through a Lickert´s scale, validated by expert opinion and the Cronbach alpha coefficient (0.94. Setting: “Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza” Maternity Center, Maracaibo Results: During the arousal phase, all indicators were located in the high or moderate category in natural menopausal, while in the hysterectomized women were moderate or low. In the orgasm phase, analyzed indicators were in same categories, although stimulation type in natural menopausal women was high and low in the hysterectomized. Meanwhile, in plateau and resolution phases, the indicators were showed in similar categories. Conclusions: There are significant differences in arousal and orgasm phases between the two groups reflecting in the natural menopausal sexual wellness, pleasant life and health.

Marien Fernández Correa

2012-06-01

405

Respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas  

OpenAIRE

Objetivo: Comparar la respuesta sexual en mujeres posmenopáusicas según el tipo de menopausia presentada. Métodos: Se estudiaron 120 pacientes divididas en dos grupos pareados, las cuales fueron valoradas mediante un cuestionario de 46 ítems a través de una escala de Lickert, validado mediante el juicio de expertos y el coeficiente Alfa-Cronbach (0.94). Ambiente: Maternidad Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza, Maracaibo. Resultados: Durante la excitación, sus indicadores en las menopáusicas nat...

Marien Fernández Correa; José Urdaneta Machado; Sulay Villalobos de Vega; Nasser Baabel Zambrano; Gustavo Valbuena; Alfi Contreras Benítez

2012-01-01

406

Multiple sclerosis and sexual dysfunction  

OpenAIRE

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system characterized by episodic and progressive neurologic dysfunction resulting from inflammatory and autoimmune reactions. The underlying pathogenesis of MS remains largely unclear. However, it is currently accepted as a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Among other clinical manifestations, sexual dysfunction (SD) is a painful but still underreported and underdiagnosed symptom of the disorder....

Guo, Zhen-ni; He, Si-yuan; Zhang, Hong-liang; Wu, Jiang; Yang, Yi

2012-01-01

407

Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans  

OpenAIRE

Potato late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating plant diseases worldwide. It is becoming increasingly difficult to control the disease in Sweden, leading to an ever more intensified use of fungicides in the potato production. This unsustainable development could be caused by changes in the pathogen due to the introduction of sexual reproduction. These changes could result in an enhanced capability of the pathogen to adapt to different factors,...

Andersson, Bjo?rn

2007-01-01

408

Sexual differentiation in fission yeast  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The regulation of sexual reproduction in yeast constitutes the highest level of differentiation observed in these unicellular organisms. The various ramifications of this system involve DNA rearrangement, transcriptional control, post-translational modification (such as protein phosphorylation) and receptor/signal processing. A few basic similarities are common to both fission and budding yeasts. The wiring of the regulatory circuitry, however, varies considerably between these divergent yeast groups.

Egel, R; Nielsen, O

1990-01-01

409

Girl child and sexual victimisation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article offers 12 suggestions for improving the protection of sexually victimized children and discusses the extent, form, causes, and consequences of sexual victimization of female children in India. Female victimization includes child marriage, polygamy, rape, incest, and kidnapping for immoral purposes. A female child is victimized from birth to maturity. Girls are born into a secondary status and married off. If her dowry is meager, a girl is subjected to ridicule, criticism, or denigration. The number of prosecuted sex offenses against girls and the number of reported sex offenses increased during 1980-89. However, most sex offenses are unreported. About 63% of rape cases pertain to girls 16-30 years old. Only 18% of rape cases occur among women over age 30. During 1971-89, kidnapping increased by over 79%. Most kidnapping involves girls 3-16 years old and is connected with prostitution, begging, sexual gratification, unemployment, extreme poverty, broken homes, and antisocial surroundings. One study in 1991 found that 48% of adolescent school girls had been molested. Another study in 1985 found that 54.29% of rape victims were 7-16 years old, and 3.27% were under 7 years old. 53.88% were unmarried, and 45.32% were married. Most of the victims were unemployed, dependents, or students. Most rapists are known by the victims. The rapist and the victims tend to come from middle or lower socioeconomic classes. Brother-sister incest is about 5 times more common than father-daughter incest. The literature suggests that children are sexually abused for pleasure or material gain. A current city study found that 15% of prostitutes were under 15 years old; 24.5% were 16-18 years old. Girls enter prostitution through a temple devdasi life, abduction, regular employment, and initiation by parents and brothel keepers. Marriage victimizes girls who marry at an early age or with a poor dowry. PMID:12158001

Krishna, K P

1995-01-01

410

Ambiguity, Children, Representation, and Sexuality  

OpenAIRE

In her article "Ambiguity, Children, Representation, and Sexuality" Catharine Lumby considers current and historical scholarly and popular debates about the representation of children, including concerns about their sexualisation in such representations. The article begins by examining images taken by photographers in the Victorian era, including Charles Dodgson and Julia Cameron, and asks not only how the gaze of the photographer frames the child but how the child returns the adult gaze. Lum...

Lumby, Catharine

2010-01-01

411

Ken?sis in sexuality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent decades have witnessed both a shift in sexual standards, and the loss of the Biblical authority which has traditionally motivated them. This has been the case even with Christians. It is therefore necessary to suggest a new motive for morality, especially in this area. A possibility is the idea of the imitation of Christ, adopting the principles on which he acted, which can be summed up as ken?sis, or self-limitation. Jesus was fundamentally limited through being incarnate; human beings are likewise limited, also with regard to their sexuality. Jesus adopted the practice of self-limitation, seen in his humility; Christians, in imitation of him, likewise should practise self-limitation. Indeed, the manifestation and practice of sexuality is fundamentally limited in any case by its very nature. If the principle of ken?sis is applied in the areas of marriage and divorce, and in related issues such as homosexuality or chastity, it serves to underpin what is a traditional set of practices in a way consistent with a Christian world-view.

David T. Williams

2013-03-01

412

Ken?sis in sexuality  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Recent decades have witnessed both a shift in sexual standards, and the loss of the Biblical authority which has traditionally motivated them. This has been the case even with Christians. It is therefore necessary to suggest a new motive for morality, especially in this area. A possibility is the id [...] ea of the imitation of Christ, adopting the principles on which he acted, which can be summed up as kenõsis, or self-limitation. Jesus was fundamentally limited through being incarnate; human beings are likewise limited, also with regard to their sexuality. Jesus adopted the practice of self-limitation, seen in his humility; Christians, in imitation of him, likewise should practise self-limitation. Indeed, the manifestation and practice of sexuality is fundamentally limited in any case by its very nature. If the principle of kenõsis is applied in the areas of marriage and divorce, and in related issues such as homosexuality or chastity, it serves to underpin what is a traditional set of practices in a way consistent with a Christian world-view.

David T., Williams.

413

Gender differences in sexual interest.  

Science.gov (United States)

A common gender stereotype is that males are more interested than females in sex for purely physical reasons. Sociobiologists claim that this difference is biologically determined. In contrast, many sociologists and anthropologists claim that the difference is cultural. The debate about nature versus nurture regarding sexual interest has been long-standing without resolution. We propose a biosocial model that integrates data about nature and nurture to show (i) how several biological factors tilt males and females in different directions related to sexual interest, and (ii) how numerous social factors influence the way the biological tilts can be redirected in countless different ways as individuals grow up in subsets of their culture and subculture. This interactionist approach does not down-play the importance of either biological or social factors: It avoids nature-nurture debates that pit nature against nurture by showing how biological and social factors act in concert, combining their influences. The resulting work contributes to both the theoretical and practical literature, not only showing how sexology can deal with issues of nature and nurture but also providing information useful to people who are troubled about common gender differences in sexual interest. PMID:9101033

Baldwin, J D; Baldwin, J I

1997-04-01

414

Self-objectification, body self-consciousness during sexual activities, and sexual satisfaction in college women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Few studies examine the mechanisms that link body image to sexual satisfaction in women. Using the tenets of objectification theory, this study investigated the relationships between body surveillance, body shame, body self-consciousness during sexual activities, and sexual satisfaction in an ethnically diverse sample of American female college students (N=368), while controlling for relationship status and body mass index. Results based on self-report measures of these constructs suggested that body shame and body self-consciousness during sexual activity were negatively correlated with sexual satisfaction. Additionally, path analysis indicated that body surveillance predicted increased body self-consciousness during sexual activity, partially mediated by body shame. Body self-consciousness, in turn, predicted decreased sexual satisfaction. Overall, study findings highlight the negative consequences of body image concerns for women's sexual satisfaction. PMID:25173667

Claudat, Kim; Warren, Cortney S

2014-09-01

415

Relationship between sexual experience and non-sexual behaviours among secondary school students in Arusha, Tanzania.  

Science.gov (United States)

A sexual behaviour study was conducted among 655 secondary school students to assess the association between sexual experience and non-sexual behaviours. Among students aged 15-19 years, the prevalence of nonvirginity increased with age, from 58.8% to 85.6% for males, and from 21.9% to 44.9% for females. Sexual experience correlated positively with measures of problem behaviours (r = .31) and negatively with a measure of church or mosque attendance (r = -.09). Overall, the relationship between sexual experience and non-sexual behaviours demonstrated the conventionality-unconventionality polarity suggested by problem behavior theory. The observed relationships were relatively stronger at young ages and declined with increasing age, suggesting the developmental functions of these behaviours. Hence, the relations between sexual experience and non-sexual behaviours provided empirical support of the potential utility of the theory of problem behaviour in HIV/AIDS prevention and control among students in Arusha, Tanzania. PMID:8904042

Lugoe, W L; Klepp, K I; Rise, J; Skutle, A; Biswalo, P M

1995-10-01

416

Enriching the sexual experience of couples: the Asian traditions and sexual counseling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing from Hindu and Buddhist Tantric traditions, central themes reflecting Asian approaches to sexuality are described and contrasted with contemporary values, assumptions, and objectives implicit in both sexual experience and in the clinical practice of sexual counseling. The Tantric ceremonial sex ritual provides a fertile source for several innovative behavioral assignments useful in sexual counseling. Five exercises in intimacy derived from the ancient Tantric sex ritual are presented and suggested as home assignments for couples: the creation of a ritual, synchronized breathing, sustained eye contact, motionless intercourse, and sexual exchange without orgasm. Applications to intimacy development, sexual enhancement, and sexual counseling for couples are described, creating a broad and meaningful context for responding to clients' sexual concerns. PMID:1758004

Voigt, H

1991-01-01

417

Operational sex ratio, sexual conflict and the intensity of sexual selection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern sexual selection theory indicates that reproductive costs rather than the operational sex ratio predict the intensity of sexual selection. We investigated sexual selection in the polygynandrous common lizard Lacerta vivipara. This species shows male aggression, causing high mating costs for females when adult sex ratios (ASR) are male-biased. We manipulated ASR in 12 experimental populations and quantified the intensity of sexual selection based on the relationship between reproductive success and body size. In sharp contrast to classical sexual selection theory predictions, positive directional sexual selection on male size was stronger and positive directional selection on female size weaker in female-biased populations than in male-biased populations. Thus, consistent with modern theory, directional sexual selection on male size was weaker in populations with higher female mating costs. This suggests that the costs of breeding, but not the operational sex ratio, correctly predicted the strength of sexual selection. PMID:18279355

Fitze, Patrick S; Le Galliard, Jean-François

2008-05-01

418

Associations of unhealthy lifestyle factors with sexual inactivity and sexual dysfunctions in Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Studies have linked obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and tobacco smoking to erectile dysfunction, but the evidence linking unhealthy lifestyle factors to other sexual dysfunctions or to sexual inactivity is conflicting.

Christensen, Birgitte S; GrØnbaek, Morten

2011-01-01

419

The DSM diagnostic criteria for sexual masochism.  

Science.gov (United States)

I reviewed the empirical literature for 1900-2008 on the paraphilia of Sexual Masochism for the Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Work Group for the forthcoming fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The results of this review were tabulated into a general summary of the criticisms relevant to the DSM diagnosis of Sexual Masochism, the assessment of Sexual Masochism utilizing the DSM in samples drawn from forensic populations, and the assessment of Sexual Masochism using the DSM in non-forensic populations. I concluded that the diagnosis of Sexual Masochism should be retained, that minimal modifications of the wording of this diagnosis were warranted, and that there was a need for the development of dimensional and structured diagnostic instruments. It should be noted that this summary reflects my original literature review. Subsequently, interactions with other members of the workgroup and advisors have resulted in modification of these initial suggestions. PMID:20221792

Krueger, Richard B

2010-04-01

420

The role of the sexual assault centre.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence.

Eogan, Maeve

2013-02-01

421

Synaesthesia and sexuality: the influence of synaesthetic perceptions on sexual experience  

OpenAIRE

Introduction:: Synaesthesia is a phenomenon in which a certain stimulus induces a concurrent sensory perception; it has an estimated prevalence of 4%. Sexual arousal as an inducer for synaesthetic perceptions is rarely mentioned in the literature but can be found sometimes in case reports about subjective orgasmic experiences. Aims: To examine whether synaesthetic perceptions during sexual intercourse have an impact on the sexual experience and the extent of sexual trance compared to non-syna...

MarkusZedler; TorstenPassie; ThorstenFehr

2013-01-01

422

Sexual Motivations and Ideals Distinguish Sexual Identities within the Self-Concept: A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis  

OpenAIRE

Many studies explore when and how young people make sexual choices but few empirical investigations link their sexual motivations with their inner conceptions about their sexual identities. We used multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis to connect young adult participants’ (N = 128) self-descriptions of twelve identities to their sexual motivations and ideals. Identities clustered along two semantically distinct dimensions: Dimension 1 was anchored by family identities on one side and non-...

Celeste Sangiorgio; Reich, Warren A.; Vial, Andrea C.; Mirko Savone

2014-01-01

423

Type of Sexual Contact and Precoital Sexual Experience in Spanish Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to examine characterisctics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They completed a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexualbehaviour before the onset of sexual inter...

María-Paz Bermúdez; Gualberto Buela-Casal; Inmaculada Teva

2011-01-01

424

Sexual Health among Young Somali Women in Sweden: Living with Conflicting Culturally Determined Sexual Ideologies  

OpenAIRE

Young Somali women in Sweden are affected by two conflicting ideologies on sexuality: on the one hand, the traditional values demanding chastity and modesty in women and, on the other hand, the public sexual ideology in Sweden, emphasising sexual liberty and the dismissal of sexual taboos. In addition, they have to deal with national campaigns condemning “female genital mutilation”. Some of these young women arrived in Sweden already circumcised. The pub...

Johnsdotter, Sara; Esse?n, Birgitta

2004-01-01

425

Psychological characteristics of Irish clerical sexual offenders  

OpenAIRE

Controlled studies suggest that clerical child sexual offenders may be better adjusted psychologically than their lay counterparts, although no studies of Irish clerical offenders have been reported. The aim of this study was to compare clerical and non-clerical sexual offenders with a normal control group, within an Irish context, on broad-band personality traits and narrow-band psychological characteristics that have been identified as risk factors for child sexual abuse. Thirty clerical me...

Randall, Patrick; Carr, Alan; Dooley, Barbara A.; Rooney, Brendan

2011-01-01

426

Evolution of sexual dimorphism in the Lepidoptera  

OpenAIRE

Among the animals, the Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) are second only to beetles in number of described species and are known for their striking intra- and interspecific diversity. Within species, sexual dimorphism is a source of variation in life history (e.g., sexual size dimorphism and protandry), morphology (e.g., wing shape and color pattern), and behavior (e.g., chemical and visual signaling). Sexual selection and mating systems have been considered the primary forces driving the e...

Allen, C. E.; Zwaan, B. J.; Brakefield, P. M.

2011-01-01

427

Sexual violence in college students in Chile  

OpenAIRE

Young women's experiences of sexual victimization can have far-reaching consequences, including unwanted pregnancy and increased risk of psychological, sexual, and reproductive health difficulties; these experiences can also limit young women's ability to achieve their educational potential. To date, no quantitative studies have examined sexual violence among college students in Chile. To address this gap, an anonymous survey was administered to students enrolled in General Education courses ...

Lehrer, Jocelyn A.; Lehrer, Vivian L.; Lehrer, Evelyn Lilian; Oyarzun, Pamela

2007-01-01

428

Indian religious concepts on sexuality and marriage  

OpenAIRE

Indian religions and cultures are diverse and have always influenced the way people live in this part of the world. Religion has been a very dominant influence in marriage, choice of marital partner and cohabitation. The present paper looks at various religions in India and their influence on sexual attitudes and the institution of marriage. Sikhism, Jainism and the Parsi faith with its influence on sexuality and marriage are reviewed. Christian values and the role they play in shaping sexual...

Mahajan, Priyanka Thukral; Pimple, Priya; Palsetia, Delnaz; Dave, Nahid; Sousa, Avinash

2013-01-01

429

Sexual Dysfunction before and after Cardiac Rehabilitation  

OpenAIRE

Background. The aim of this study was to assess sexual function before and after cardiac rehabilitation in relation to medical variables. Methods. Analysis of patients participating in a 12-week exercise-based outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program (OCR) between April 1999 and December 2007. Exercise capacity (ExC) and quality of life including sexual function were assessed before and after OCR. Results. Complete data were available in 896 male patients. No sexual activity at all wa...

Simone Piazzalonga; Andreas Hoffmann; Zellweger, Michael J.; Marcello Di Valentino; Amp Rg Schumann, J.

2010-01-01

430

Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Diabetic Kidney  

OpenAIRE

Few studies address alteration of sexual function in women with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Quality of life surveys suggest that discussion of sexual function and other reproductive issues are of psychosocial assessment and that education on sexual function in the setting of chronic diseases such as diabetes and CKD is widely needed. Pharmacologic therapy with estrogen/progesterone and androgens along with glycemic control, correction of anemia, ensuring adequate dialysis deliv...

Ersilia Satta; Carlo Magno; Alessandro Galì; Antonino Inferrera; Roberta Granese; Carmela Aloisi; Michele Buemi; Guido Bellinghieri; Domenico Santoro

2014-01-01

431

Sexual Education In Malaysia: Accepted Or Rejected?  

OpenAIRE

Background: Introduction to sexual education in schools was suggested by the Malaysian government as one of the effort taken in the aim to reduce the sexual-related social problems among Malaysian teenagers nowadays. This study was proposed in the aim to determine the rate of acceptance among adolescents on the implementation of sexual education in schools.Methods: This study was conducted using questionnaires distributed to 152 pre-degree students in Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi...

Siti Syairah Mohd Mutalip; Ruzianisra Mohamed

2012-01-01

432

OFFENCES AGAINST SEXUAL INTEGRITY OF MINORS  

OpenAIRE

Criminal and socially harmful actions are severe actions against inviolability of sexual integrity, and due to the fact that these are mostly criminal offences, are prosecuted throughout the world. The turning point in the history of sexual abuse was the work of Alice Miller, who established the conclusion that the inability of adults to take care of their children and to address their emotional needs often result in sexual abuse. Until the implementation of the uniform penal law of the Repub...

Pus?nik, Ksenija

2012-01-01

433

Los crímenes sexuales en la jurisprudencia internacional  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The jurisprudence of the International Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda determined that, for the first time, the Statute of the International Criminal Court provided for the autonomous consideration of several international crimes of sexual nature. Nowadays, four international tribunals have already decided on the constituent elements of three of these crimes, in particular rape, sexual slavery and sexual violence. This paper is devoted to the study of this jurisprudence

Valentín Bou Franch

2012-01-01

434

Cohabitation, Marriage, and 'Sexual Monogamy' in Nairobi  

OpenAIRE

The current study investigates the extent to which sexual exclusivity—the restriction of one’s sexual engagements to a single partner—prevails across various marital status, union type, and co-residence categories among Nairobi's poorest residents, slum dwellers. This question is central to the spread of HIV in the increasingly urban and poor, high prevalence countries of sub-Saharan Africa, where transmission is primarily via heterosexual sex. In many circles, sexual exclusivity is con...

Dodoo, F. Nii-amoo; Klein, Megan

2007-01-01

435

Peroxisomes and sexual development in fungi  

OpenAIRE

Peroxisomes are versatile and dynamic organelles that are essential for the development of most eukaryotic organisms. In fungi, many developmental processes, such as sexual development, require the activity of peroxisomes. Sexual reproduction in fungi involves the formation of meiotic-derived sexual spores, often takes place inside multicellular fruiting bodies and requires precise coordination between the differentiation of multiple cell types and the progression of karyogamy and meiosis. Di...

LeonardoPeraza Reyes; VéroniqueBerteaux-Lecellier

2013-01-01

436

Sexuality After Breast Cancer: Need for Guideline  

OpenAIRE

Background: Clinical experiences have revealed that patients with breast cancer experience various sexual problems following their treatment. Breast cancer negatively impacts the sexual life of the afflicted couples, and as a traumatic event can influence women’s psychosexual functioning and intimate relationship. This review focuses on sexuality after breast cancer and on a growing need for bio-psycho-social guidelines for breast cancer treatment. Methods: This study aims...

Vaziri Sh; Lotfi Kashani F

2012-01-01

437

Sexual Prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults  

OpenAIRE

Sexual prejudice is linked to hate crimes, mental health, risk behaviors, and stigma. Few studies have examined sexual prejudice among Latinos. We surveyed 382 college students in Puerto Rico. A structural model tested whether contact and positive experiences with homosexuals, perceived similarities with peers' attitudes toward homosexuality, and religiosity were predictive of sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults. Sex differences in the structural model were explored. With the exc...

Bauermeister, Jose? A.; Morales, Mercedes M.; Seda, Gretchen; Gonza?lez-rivera, Milagritos

2007-01-01

438

Education for Sexuality: The Physician's Role  

OpenAIRE

We have plenty of education for sexuality in society, most of it based on an outmoded pronatalist code of sexual behavior that is destructive to human beings and to human relationships. Only when we are aware of the full ramifications of that code can we make the social and institutional changes required to educate for sexuality in a manner relevant to the true human needs of the 20th century. This article outlines the requisites for such a humanist code.

Watters, W. W.; Lamont, J. A.; Askwith, J.; Cohen, May

1981-01-01

439

Sexuality research in India: An update  

OpenAIRE

This review provides the available evidence on sexual dysfunctions in India. Most of the studies have concentrated on male sexual dysfunction and hardly a few have voiced the sexual problems in females. Erectile dysfunction (ED), premature ejaculation (PME) and combinations of ED and PME appear to be main dysfunctions reported in males. Dhat syndrome remains an important diagnosis reported in studies from North India. There is a paucity of literature on management issues with an emergent need...

Prakash, Om; Rao, T. S. Sathyanarayana

2010-01-01

440

Special Features of Sexuality Development in Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

The education and research project “I Build my Sexuality and my Life Plan” in its first phase sought to identify particular behaviors of adolescents about sexuality. The methodological and qualitative design, of exploratory nature, includes descriptive as well as interpretative aspects to recognize the characteristics of a particular context. For doing this, structured interviews with mixed items were applied in the classroom. This instrument assessed the incidence of T.V in sexual educat...

Héctor Alexander Afanador Castañeda

2013-01-01

441

Sexuality in the Process of Social Discipline  

OpenAIRE

The paper ponders the subject of utilizing human sexuality in the process of social disci- pline. The author perceives this process as a modern form to subjugate an individual primarily on the basis of symbolic coercion. Making reference to the classical works of Michel Foucault the author emphasizes the factors that allow sexuality to be used for social programming. Foucault was critical of the idea that we experience the repression of a natural sexual drive, at least in its t...

Pawe?czyk, Piotr

2011-01-01

442

Social Implications of Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

OpenAIRE

Changes in attitudes toward sexuality have contributed to the rise in incidence of sexually transmitted diseases. The persistence of social stigma towards STD acts as a barrier to treatment-seeking. The exaggerated threat of genital herpes has led to unnecessary suffering, anxiety and increased social stigma, but is unlikely to alter sexual behavior. A change in attitudes will be necessary if attempts to control the spread of STD are to be successful.

Delva, Dianne

1983-01-01

443

Bem Sex Role Inventory Undifferentiated Score: A Comparison of Sexual Dysfunction Patients with Sexual Offenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined Bem Sex Role undifferentiated scores on 93 male sex offenders as compared with 50 male sexually dysfunctional patients. Chi-square analyses revealed significant difference: offenders obtained undifferentiated scores more often than did sexual dysfunctional population. Concluded that Bem Sex Role Inventory is useful in identifying sexual

Dwyer, Margretta; And Others

1988-01-01

444

Adolescent Sexual Risk Behaviors and School-Based Sexually Transmitted Infection/HIV Prevention  

Science.gov (United States)

Many adolescents are susceptible to negative outcomes associated with sexual behavior. This is particularly true for those who initiate sexual intercourse at an early age, have many sex partners, or engage in unprotected sex because these behaviors put one at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. This article reviews the…

Walcott, Christy M.; Meyers, Adena B.; Landau, Steven

2007-01-01

445

The Role of Alcohol and Victim Sexual Interest in Spanish Students' Perceptions of Sexual Assault  

Science.gov (United States)

Two studies investigated the effects of information related to rape myths on Spanish college students' perceptions of sexual assault. In Study 1, 92 participants read a vignette about a nonconsensual sexual encounter and rated whether it was a sexual assault and how much the woman was to blame. In the scenario, the man either used physical force…

Romero-Sanchez, Monica; Megias, Jesus L.; Krahe, Barbara

2012-01-01

446

Developing Sexual Competence? Exploring Strategies for the Provision of Effective Sexualities and Relationships Education  

Science.gov (United States)

School-based sexualities and relationships education (SRE) offers one of the most promising means of improving young people's sexual health through developing "sexual competence". In the absence of evidence on whether the term holds the same meanings for young people and adults (e.g. teachers, researchers, policy-makers), the paper explores…

Hirst, Julia

2008-01-01

447

Healthy Sex and Sexual Health: New Directions for Studying Outcomes of Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual behavior is an important aspect of adolescent development with implications for well-being. These chapters highlight important perspectives on studying sexual health from a normative, developmental perspective, such as viewing a range of sexual behaviors as life events; considering potentially positive physical health, mental health, social…

Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Vasilenko, Sara A.

2014-01-01

448

Factors Influencing the Relationship between Sexual Trauma and Risky Sexual Behavior in College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

While the relationship between sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior (RSB) has received much attention, only a handful of studies have investigated the factors that protect victims of sexual trauma from developing this maladaptive pattern of behavior. The current study investigated the protective role of social support, quality and quantity, in…

Johnson, Nicole L.; Johnson, Dawn M.

2013-01-01

449

Conceptualising Children as Sexual Beings: Pre-Colonial Sexuality Education among the Gikuyu of Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on oral history accounts elicited from 25 Gikuyu elders in Kenya, this paper describes a non-penetrative sexual practice, ngweko, permitted for the sake of pleasure and sexual release among circumcised and unmarried young people in the Gikuyu community. Lessons that can be learned from the pre-colonial Gikuyu sexuality culture are…

Kiragu, Susan

2013-01-01

450

Promoting sexual health for young people in Kenya : family health options Kenya sexuality counselling approach  

OpenAIRE

This report assesses the quality of sexuality counselling services provided by Family Health Options Kenya (FHOK) in the context of their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for young people. The assessment of FHOK is part of a larger WHO-sponsored initiative to review promising practices of sexuality counselling.

Ouma, J.; Kwaak, A.

2007-01-01

451

"Sexuality Isn't Just about Sex": Pre-Service Teachers' Shifting Constructs of Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the findings of a three-year study into pre-service (student) teachers' experiences of and beliefs about sexuality education in New Zealand schools. It reports on participants' own memories of school sexuality education programmes, and examines changes in their constructs of sexuality education during their teacher education in…

Sinkinson, Margaret

2009-01-01

452