WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Sexuality in the kama sutra of vatsyayana.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The ancient Hindu literature on Kama (Love) is reviewed with reference to the early works on which the Vatsyayana's Kama Sutra is based and the later works which follow it. Sexuality as described in the ancient treatise is considered under the heads of sexual foreplay, techniques of coitus, and genital oral sexuality and in the light of the modern researches. The relevance of the Kama Sutra to the present day is stressed.

Somasundaram O

1986-04-01

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Satisfação sexual feminina: Relação com funcionamento sexual e comportamentos sexuais  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objectivo da presente investigação foi o estudo em mulheres da relação entre satisfação sexual e funcionamento sexual, e entre satisfação sexual e comportamentos sexuais. Recorreu-se ao Índice de Satisfação Sexual (ISS; Hudson, Harrison, & Crosscup, 1981) e ao Índice de Funcionamento Sexual Feminino (FSFI; Rosen et al., 2000). Utilizou-se uma amostra de conveniência recrutada da população feminina geral com N=152 (leque etário=26-70 anos; M=41 anos). Os (more) resultados obtidos não demonstraram qualquer relação significativa entre a satisfação sexual e as fases do ciclo de resposta sexual, mas demonstraram uma relação significativa entre a satisfação sexual e o comportamento sexual carícias e preliminares. Abstract in english The goal of the present study was to understand the relation between sexual satisfaction and sexual function in women, and also the relation between sexual satisfaction and sexual behaviors in women. The Index of Sexual Satisfaction (ISS: Hudson, Harrison, & Crosscup, 1981) and the Female Sexual Function Index (TSFI: Rosen et al., 2000) were used as measures. A convenience sample was recruited from the general population (N=152; age range=26-70; mean age=41). The results (more) showed no significant relation between sexual satisfaction and sexual satisfaction and the sexual behavior of caresses and foreplay.

Pechorro, Pedro; Diniz, António; Vieira, Rui

2009-03-01

3

Sexual reproduction technique for polyporus umbellatus and cultivation method thereof  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The invention discloses a polyporus sexual propagation technique and culture method thereof, comprising: 1, spore seedbed culture method: selecting suitable seedbed ground and hacking wood-blocks as fungus substrate, digging pits, scattering the shoestring fungus on wood-blocks and covering soil or rotten plants on the shoestring fungus, selecting good hypha to sow, timely collecting sporophore spores, shredding and broadcasting the sporophore on the fungus substrate, heeling the fungus substrate using rotten plant fine earth tree-leaves, artificial controlling temperature 2, spore sexual propagation method, (1) wooden case and bamboo basket cultivation method, sawing the fungus substrate into short segments and planting the polyporus in the short segments using the same culture method with the pit culture method, artificial controlling temperature (2) soiless culture method, culturing the polyporus using soiless pure sand in river using the same culture method with the pit culture method, the inoculation speed of mycelitha and the shoestring fungus is quick and the growth speed is fast the sexual propagation organs-sporophore of polyporus is directly used, thus 'polyporus flower' is used as strain source, namely the spored on the polyporus flower is used for propagating with strong growing ability and higher yield.

JIRONG HAO

4

Using Nominal Technique to Inform a Sexual Health Program for Black Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

|Objectives: To describe how nominal group technique (NGT) was used to inform the development of a sexual health education program for black high school youth in the South. Methods: NGT was used with a community advisory board (CAB) to obtain information regarding the key components of a sexual health program for youth in their community. Results:…

Annang, Lucy; Hannon, Lonnie; Fletcher, Faith E.; Horn, Wendy Sykes; Cornish, Disa

2011-01-01

5

Group Therapy Techniques for Sexually Abused Preteen Girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an open-ended, structured, highly intensive therapy group for sexually abused preteen girls that was the primary mode of treatment for 11 girls from low-income, rural White families with numerous problems. Unique features of the group included simultaneous group and individualized goals. (Author/BB)

Berman, Pearl

1990-01-01

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Group Therapy Techniques for Sexually Abused Preteen Girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Describes an open-ended, structured, highly intensive therapy group for sexually abused preteen girls that was the primary mode of treatment for 11 girls from low-income, rural White families with numerous problems. Unique features of the group included simultaneous group and individualized goals. (Author/BB)|

Berman, Pearl

1990-01-01

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Group therapy techniques for sexually abused preteen girls.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes an open-ended, structured, highly intensive therapy group for sexually abused preteen girls that was the primary mode of treatment for 11 girls from multiproblem, low-income, rural, white families. The active support of Child Protective Service workers was important in maintaining the girls in treatment in the face of strong parental opposition. Unique features of the group included simultaneous group goals and individualized goals. A case description illustrates the makeup and functioning of the program.

Berman P

1990-05-01

8

[Utility of molecular biology techniques in the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases and genital infections].  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) has been difficult. The introduction of molecular biology techniques in microbiological diagnosis and their application to non-invasive samples has produced significant advances in the diagnosis of these diseases. Overall, detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae by molecular biology techniques provides a presumptive diagnosis and requires confirmation by culture in areas with a low prevalence. For Chlamydia trachomatis infections, these techniques are considered to be the most sensitive and specific procedures for mass screening studies, as well as for the diagnosis of symptomatic patients. Diagnosis of Mycoplasma genitalium infection by culture is very slow and consequently molecular techniques are the only procedures that can provide relevant diagnostic information. For Treponema pallidum, molecular techniques can provide direct benefits in the diagnosis of infection. Molecular techniques are not established for the routine diagnosis of donovanosis, but can be recommended when performed by experts. Molecular methods are advisable in Haemophilus ducreyi, because of the difficulties of culture and its low sensitivity. In genital herpes, molecular techniques have begun to be recommended for routine diagnosis and could soon become the technique of choice. For other genital infections, bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidosis and trichomoniasis, diagnosis by molecular methods is poorly established. With genital warts, techniques available for screening and genotyping of endocervical samples could be used for certain populations, but are not validated for this purpose. PMID:19195446

Otero Guerra, Luis; Lepe Jiménez, José Antonio; Blanco Galán, María Antonia; Aznar Martín, Javier; Vázquez Valdés, Fernando

2008-07-01

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Radical cystectomy with preservation of sexual function and urinary continence: description of a new technique  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the original cystoprostatectomy technique which allows the preservation of sexual and urinary function in the majority of treated patients. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The described technique presents some details that distinguish it from classic cystectomy: 1) a more efficient control of prostate venous and arterial tributaries; 2) preservation of prostatic capsule and enucleation of prostatic parenchyma, which is removed in block together with the bladder, without violating the vesical neck; 3) no manipulation of the distal urethral sphincteric complex; 4) preservation of seminal vesicles and maintenance of cavernous neurovascular bundles; 5) wide anastomosis between the ileal neobladder and the prostatic capsule. COMMENTS: The proposed maneuvers allow the performance of radical cystectomy with integral preservation of distal urethral sphincter and of cavernous neurovascular bundles, without jeopardizing the oncological principles.

Miguel Srougi; Dall'oglio Marcos; Nesrallah Luciano J; Arruda Homero O; Ortiz Valdemar

2003-01-01

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Sexual behavior of married young women: A preliminary study from north India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: There are significant gaps in the scientific literature concerning female sexual behavior and attitudes surrounding sexuality, which have definitive implications on public health and clinical work. Aim: To study the sexual behavior of young married Indian women. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 100 consecutive women attending the Department of Pediatrics for the care of noncritical children in a multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital setting in North India. Current levels of sexual functioning and satisfaction were assessed by using the Brief Index of Sexual Functioning for Women (BISF-W). All participants were also administered a translated and culturally adapted instrument called Sex Knowledge and Attitude Questionnaire-II (SKAQ-II). Results: Peno-vaginal sex continues to be considered the most desired and actually performed sexual activity for arousal and orgasm, followed by kissing and foreplay. Difficulties while performing sexual activity, in the form of physical problems, were faced by 17% of the participants. The participants displayed adequate sexual knowledge and favorable attitude towards sexuality as measured by SKAQ-II. Conclusion: The present study is a preliminary effort to understand the contemporary female sexual behavior, knowledge and attitude by employing standard instruments. Still further studies are required in this area.

Avasthi Ajit; Kaur Rajinder; Prakash Om; Banerjee Anindya; Kumar Lata; Kulhara P

2008-01-01

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Clitoral therapy device for treatment of sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of the clitoral therapy device (Eros Therapy) in alleviating sexual dysfunction in irradiated cervical cancer patients. Methods and materials: Eligible patients had a history of cervical cancer treated with radiotherapy and self-reported sexual dysfunction of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders. Patients used the noninvasive, nonpharmacologic clitoral therapy device using a hand-held, battery-powered vacuum to cause clitoral engorgement four times weekly for 3 months during foreplay and self-stimulation. Study instruments included the Female Sexual Function Index, Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale. The outcome evaluation was performed at 3 months. Results: Between 2001 and 2002, 15 women were enrolled and 13 completed the study. The median patient age and radiotherapy-enrollment interval was 43.5 years and 2 years, respectively. At baseline, all patients reported symptoms of sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, and some also had sexual desire and pain disorders. At 3 months, statistically significant improvements were seen in all domains tested, including sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and reduced pain. The median Female Sexual Function Index total score increased from 17 to 29.4 (maximal score, 36; p

2001-01-00

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Clinical interviewing techniques and sexuality questionnaires for male and female cancer patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an important aspect of quality of life; however, cancer and its treatments may impact the sexual function of men and women. Both cancer survivors and healthcare providers have barriers to addressing sexual problems in the clinical encounter. AIM: To summarize the key points from the two authors' oral presentations at the Cancer Survivorship and Sexual Health Symposium, International Society for Sexual Medicine-Sexual Medicine Society of North America (ISSM-SMSNA) Joint Meeting, Washington, DC, June 2011. METHODS: To describe patient-centered communication skills that can improve communication without excessively increasing the length of the visit. To review the validated sexuality measures that can assist clinicians in gathering sexual health information and assessing the response to therapeutic interventions for sexual problems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sexual health interviewing skills including screening, assessment, open-ended questions, empathic delineation, and counseling are discussed. Key sexuality scales including the rationale for their use, psychometric properties, and patient-reported outcomes are summarized. RESULTS: Optimal approaches to the spectrum of communication challenges in the male and female sexual health encounter are exemplified. Advantages and limitations of the array of measures, including structured interviews, self-administered questionnaires, daily diaries, and event logs, are explained. CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners can improve their detection and management of sexual concerns in cancer survivors by employing efficient patient-centered communication skills in conjunction with validated sexuality scales.

Althof SE; Parish SJ

2013-02-01

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A Review of "Intended for Pleasure: Sex Technique and Sexual Fulfillment in Christian Marriage"  

Science.gov (United States)

"Intended for Pleasure" presents information regarding sex and sexuality oriented towards Christian couples. Written by a medical doctor with his wife, the book is particularly strong in describing common sexual problems with an additional strength of focusing not only sexual intercourse but also on the whole relationship as being important to…

Huff, Scott C.

2012-01-01

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Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54) e mulheres (n = 54) com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de Identidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfil sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres.This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54) and female (n = 54) participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the profile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

Fernando Luiz Cardoso; Ana Carolina Savall; Samantha Sabbag; Aline Knepper Mendes; Thais Silva Beltrame

2009-01-01

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Adult Male Circumcision Performed with Plastic Clamp Technique in Turkey Results and Long-Term Effects on Sexual Function  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of adult circumcisions performed by plastic clamp technique as well as the effects on sexual function. Materials and Methods: A total of 186 adult males with the mean age of 21.2 ± 2.8 years who presented to our clinic for circumcision between February 2007 and January 2010 were included in the study. Safety and acceptability of circumcision with plastic clamp technique as well as its effects on sexual functions were analyzed with a mean follow-up period of 30.4 ± 14.2 months (range, 12 to 52 months). Results: The mean duration of circumcision and removal of the clamp were 3.1 ± 1.1 minutes and 16 ± 7 seconds, respectively. The total complication rate was 2.15%. Wound dehiscence (1.07%), infection (0.54%), and bleeding (0.54%) were the encountered complications. Complete wound healing was observed at a mean of 25.5 ± 4.6 days. We did not encounter any penile deformity or other long-term complications. Circumcision did not adversely affect the sexual drive or ejaculation based on the brief male sexual function inventory scores. Erectile function and overall satisfaction improved following circumcision.Conclusion: Circumcision performed by plastic clamp technique in adult males had a low early complication rate with no long-term complications and caused improvement in some of the sexual functions. We suggest the utilization of this technique as an easy and a safe way of circumcising adult males.

Ferda M. Senel; Mustafa Demirelli; Fatih Misirlioglu; Tezcan Sezgin

2012-01-01

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A comparison of survey techniques on sensitive sexual behavior in Italy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article compares two national surveys carried out through the most commonly used procedures in Italy: CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews) and SAQ-FI (self-answered questionnaires following interviews). Both surveys ask two identical questions concerning sensitive sexual behavior: early age at first intercourse and same-sex attraction. The SAQ-FI survey had both unit non-response and item non-response rates much lower than the CATI survey. Moreover, in the CATI survey, the groups with highest item non-response rates were also the groups with the lowest proportions of early intercourse and homosexual attraction. In addition, a differential analysis of the respondents produced diverse results for the two surveys. This is especially true of results by gender for same-sex attraction: Such behavior is more common among men (3.1%) than women (2.9%), according to the CATI survey, whereas the opposite is true of the SAQ-FI survey (6.1% of men vs. 7.7% women). In Italy at the beginning of the 21st century, CATI surveys reveal a lower level of early intercourse and same-sex attraction than SAQ-FI surveys. This article argues that the CATI survey underestimates the true level of these sensitive sexual behaviors in the Italian population. PMID:22816489

Caltabiano, Marcantonio; Dalla-Zuanna, Gianpiero

2012-07-20

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A comparison of survey techniques on sensitive sexual behavior in Italy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article compares two national surveys carried out through the most commonly used procedures in Italy: CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews) and SAQ-FI (self-answered questionnaires following interviews). Both surveys ask two identical questions concerning sensitive sexual behavior: early age at first intercourse and same-sex attraction. The SAQ-FI survey had both unit non-response and item non-response rates much lower than the CATI survey. Moreover, in the CATI survey, the groups with highest item non-response rates were also the groups with the lowest proportions of early intercourse and homosexual attraction. In addition, a differential analysis of the respondents produced diverse results for the two surveys. This is especially true of results by gender for same-sex attraction: Such behavior is more common among men (3.1%) than women (2.9%), according to the CATI survey, whereas the opposite is true of the SAQ-FI survey (6.1% of men vs. 7.7% women). In Italy at the beginning of the 21st century, CATI surveys reveal a lower level of early intercourse and same-sex attraction than SAQ-FI surveys. This article argues that the CATI survey underestimates the true level of these sensitive sexual behaviors in the Italian population.

Caltabiano M; Dalla-Zuanna G

2013-08-01

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TREATMENT OF 26 CASES OF MALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION BY BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

26 married males with premature ejaculation and secondary impotence were subjected to behavior therapy. Relaxation, graded tasks, semans exercise, the squeeze technique, desensitization and thought stopping were the techniques employed. 15 (58%) of the patients improved. Factors contributing to succ...

Bagadia, V.N.; Ayyar, K.S.; Dhawale, K.M.; Pradhan, P.V.

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Implicações do conhecimento corporal no comportamento sexual/ Corporal knowledge implications in sexual behavior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A pesquisa almejou identificar e comparar aspectos da corporeidade e sexualidade de homens (n=54) e mulheres (n = 54) com distintas orientações sexuais e de gênero, participantes do "I Jogos da Diversidade" realizado em Florianópolis, em julho de 2006, mediante aplicação anônima do Questionário de Identidade Corporal - QIC. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram identificar as diferenças em termos de corporeidade e sexualidade entre homens e mulheres, o perfi (more) l sexual de homens e mulheres, bem como o perfil da satisfação corporal e sexual para cada sexo. Os participantes que afirmam gostar do corpo tendem a considerá-lo fisicamente bonito e proporcional, como também causar boa impressão. Participantes que relatam sentir satisfação corporal tendem a encontrar-se sexualmente satisfeitos, porém ao se controlar o sexo biológico, a correlação é verificada apenas entre os homens, os quais também demonstram tendência a ter maior intimidade corporal enquanto as mulheres valorizam carícias íntimas preliminares. Participantes com parceiro fixo chegam mais rápido ao orgasmo, embora reações corporais sejam percebidas mais comumente entre as mulheres. Abstract in english This research aimed to identify and compare the corporeity and sexuality aspects of male (n = 54) and female (n = 54) participants with distinct sexual and gender orientations at the I Floripa Diversity Games, in Florianópolis, July/ 2006, using the Questionnaire of Body Identity - QIC anonymously. The main objectives of this study were to identify the differences in terms of corporeity and sexuality among men and women; women`s and men's sexual profile, as well as the p (more) rofile of the corporal and sexual satisfaction for each sex. Participants who affirm to like their body tended to consider themselves beautiful and proportional and believe that they cause good impression. Participants with corporal satisfaction tended to be also sexually satisfied, however, when we controlled the sex factor, only males keep this correlation. Men demonstrate greater corporal intimacy while women value intimate caresses as foreplays. Participants with regular partner reach orgasm easier although women are more sensitive to body reactions.

Cardoso, Fernando Luiz; Savall, Ana Carolina; Sabbag, Samantha; Mendes, Aline Knepper; Beltrame, Thais Silva

2009-12-01

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MODIFIED MASTERS JOHNSON TECHNIQUE IN THE TREATMENT OF SEXUAL INADEQUACY IN MALES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

21 married men were treated for erectile defect and premature ejaculation (both primary & secondary) by modified Masters-Johnson technique. 16(76.2%) recovered. The success rate was higher in secondary cases (83.3%). Best results were obtained in 30—39 yrs age group. The modified technique has been ...

Gupta, Purnima; Banerjee, Gouranga; Nandi, D.N.

 
 
 
 
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The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS): female sexual dysfunction among Internet users in the reproductive age group in the Middle East.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The exact prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in the Middle East is exceptionally difficult to measure in light of its sensitive nature and the conservative tinge of the population. AIM: The Global Online Sexuality Survey-Arabic-Females (GOSS-AR-F) is a community-based study of female sexuality in the Middle East through an online survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of risk for female sexual dysfunction (rFSD) in the reproductive age group and its vulnerability to various risk factors. METHODS: GOSS-AR-F was offered via online advertising. The survey is comprised of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire among other questions. RESULTS: Out of 2,920 participants, 344 participants completed all survey questions. Average total FSFI score was 23 ± 6.5, with 59.1% of participants suffering rFSD. Age adjusted prevalence of rFSD was 59.5%, standardized to World Health Organization World Standard Population. There was a statistically significant higher prevalence of rFSD among cases with subjectively reported depression and male partner-related shortcomings such as erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation as reported by the female participant, in addition to dissatisfaction with partner's penile size, insufficient foreplay, and practice of masturbation. This was not the case with advancing age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, ongoing pregnancy, mode of previous child delivery, infertility, menstrual irregularities, dysmenorrhea, interpersonal distress, subjectively reported hirsutism, and female genital cutting. Participants were found to require longer duration of coitus and better ejaculatory control but not necessarily a higher coital frequency. CONCLUSION: Female sexual function in the reproductive age appears to be adversely affected by psychological factors and shortcomings in male sexual function more than anything. These findings point to the possibility that many cases of FSD can be managed with the focus on male partner's ailments and attitudes that are relatively easier to manage.

Shaeer O; Shaeer K; Shaeer E

2012-02-01

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A relação sexual como uma técnica corporal: representações masculinas dos relacionamentos afetivo-sexuais Sex as body technique: male representations of affective and sexual relationships  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Analisamos a iniciação sexual masculina como um momento de aquisição de conhecimento, com base em 62 entrevistas de cunho etnográfico com homens jovens (18-24 anos) residentes em Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador, Brasil, numa etapa da Pesquisa GRAVAD. Adotando uma perspectiva antropológica e comparativa, o exame dos relatos da primeira experiência amorosa e sexual revela que a primeira experiência sexual dos homens é um aprendizado corporal e social, através do qual os jovens adquirem conhecimento técnico sobre o uso de seus corpos e habilidade para se relacionar com outros, especialmente as mulheres. Estes são importantes demarcadores no processo de passagem à vida adulta. Consideramos, além de diferenças em termos de pertença a diferentes segmentos sócio-econômicos, as relações de gênero, especialmente modelos de masculinidade, demonstrando que a primeira relação sexual de um jovem é um momento social e simbolicamente marcante, que não se limita a um evento isolado, sendo, pelo contrário, uma experiência que envolve aprendizados de diferentes ordens e que integra um processo de se tornar homem.The authors analyze male sexual initiation as a time of acquiring knowledge, based on 62 ethnographic interviews with young men (18-24 years) in the cities of Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador, Brazil, as a stage in the GRAVAD Research Project. Adopting an anthropological and comparative perspective, the reports show that men's first sexual experience is a process of physical and social learning by which they acquire technical knowledge on the use of their bodies and skill to relate to others, especially women. These are important milestones in the passage to adulthood. In addition to differences in belonging to various socioeconomic segments, the authors focus on gender relations, especially models of masculinity, demonstrating that a young man's first sexual intercourse is a socially and symbolically striking moment, not limited to a single event, but an experience that involves different levels of learning as part of the process of becoming a man.

Andréa Fachel Leal; Daniela Riva Knauth

2006-01-01

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The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six (more) months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

Pinto, Antonio C.; Baracat, Fabio; Montellato, Nelson D.; Mitre, Anuar I.; Lucon, Antonio M.; Srougi, Miguel

2007-12-01

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The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery. RESULT: Among these 64 patients, 60.94% had regular sexual activity, while 39.06% did not. Among sexually active patients, 59% had urine loss during sexual intercourse and, of these, 87% had urine losses in half or more of sexual relations. There were no statistically significant differences in assessments of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain, or in totaling the scores, between the preoperative period and six months after surgical treatment. However, the scores for urine losses during sexual intercourse were significantly better after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the results allowed the following conclusions to be reached: Urine lost during sexual activity was frequent among patients with stress urinary incontinence. Suburethral support surgery did not jeopardize sexual activity. Patients cured of stress urinary incontinence did not present improvement in sexual function.

Antonio C. Pinto; Fabio Baracat; Nelson D. Montellato; Anuar I. Mitre; Antonio M. Lucon; Miguel Srougi

2007-01-01

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The Turn the Tables Technique (T(3)): A Program Activity to Provide Group Facilitators Insight into Teen Sexual Behaviors and Beliefs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Turn the Tables Technique (T(3)) is an activity designed to provide group facilitators who lead HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion programs with detailed and current information on teenagers' sexual behaviors and beliefs. This information can be used throughout a program to tailor content. Included is a detailed lesson plan of T(3), a description of the purpose of T(3), how it was implemented, the context in which it was used, how T(3) addressed common challenges in HIV prevention with teenagers, and future implications for its use.

Sclafane JH; Merves ML; Rivera A; Long L; Wilson K; Bauman LJ

2012-01-01

26

Teenage Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... Dating & Sex > Teenage Sexuality Ages & Stages Listen Teenage Sexuality Article Body Sex and sexuality During this time, many young people also become ... Risky Behaviors Sexting is Connected with Other Risky Sexual Behaviors in Teens Teen Dating Violence Affects Health Later ...

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When do simpler sexual behavior data collection techniques suffice? An analysis of consequent uncertainty in HIV acquisition risk estimates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The "gold standard" for evaluating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs is a partner-by-partner sexual behavior assessment that elicits information about each sex partner and the activities engaged in with that partner. When collection of detailed partner-by-partner data is not feasible, aggregate data (e.g., total numbers of partners and acts of various types) must suffice. Lack of specificity in the primary data often translates into uncertainty in modeled outcomes, such as participants' risk of HIV acquisition. To our knowledge, no previous study has attempted to quantify this uncertainty. The results of the present analysis of the risk of HIV acquisition by men vacationing in Key West indicate that the use of aggregate rather than partner-by-partner data introduced relatively little uncertainty into the HIV risk estimates. Collection of aggregate data is a viable alternative to detailed partner-by-partner data, at least in some circumstances.

Pinkerton SD; Benotsch EG; Mikytuck J

2007-08-01

28

Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

The Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (EJHS), published by the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality, is a new peer-reviewed publication covering all aspects of human sexuality research. EJHS provides abstracts and the full text of research articles, doctoral dissertations, conference papers and posters, and general interest articles. Some of the content of the inaugural volume includes Sexological Interviewing Techniques by Janice Epp, PhD; The Meaning of Sex by Marty Klein, PhD; a research study on consent for sexual behavior by David S. Hall, PhD; and a study on the sexual lives of former nuns by Jacqueline "Fran" Fisher, PhD.

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Agresión sexual/ Sexual assault  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los delitos contra la agresión sexual constituyen uno de los temas de mayor interés en el momento actual y en diferentes campos sociales (judicial, médico, policial, criminológico...). La importancia radica en la frecuencia de los mismos y las repercusiones legales, físicas y psicológicas que conllevan. Debido a ello es importante tener clara la pauta de actuación en urgencias frente a tales delitos, siendo minucioso en la realización del informe ginecológico y e (more) n la toma de muestras, ofertando profilaxis de enfermedades de transmisión sexual y embarazos no deseados y prestando apoyo psicológico. Abstract in english Offences involving sexual assault are an issue of the greatest current interest in different social fields (legal, medical, police, criminological...). They are significant due to their frequency and to the legal, physical and psychological repercussions involved. It is therefore important to clearly understand the pattern of action in Accidents and Emergencies facing such cases. Great detail is required in the gynaecological report and the taking of samples, prophylaxes (more) for sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies must be given and psychological support provided.

Lapeña, S.; Gaztambide, A.; Huarte, I.

2009-01-01

30

Agresión sexual Sexual assault  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los delitos contra la agresión sexual constituyen uno de los temas de mayor interés en el momento actual y en diferentes campos sociales (judicial, médico, policial, criminológico...). La importancia radica en la frecuencia de los mismos y las repercusiones legales, físicas y psicológicas que conllevan. Debido a ello es importante tener clara la pauta de actuación en urgencias frente a tales delitos, siendo minucioso en la realización del informe ginecológico y en la toma de muestras, ofertando profilaxis de enfermedades de transmisión sexual y embarazos no deseados y prestando apoyo psicológico.Offences involving sexual assault are an issue of the greatest current interest in different social fields (legal, medical, police, criminological...). They are significant due to their frequency and to the legal, physical and psychological repercussions involved. It is therefore important to clearly understand the pattern of action in Accidents and Emergencies facing such cases. Great detail is required in the gynaecological report and the taking of samples, prophylaxes for sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies must be given and psychological support provided.

S. Lapeña; A. Gaztambide; I. Huarte

2009-01-01

31

Internet Sexualities  

Science.gov (United States)

The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

Döring, Nicola

32

Sexual Violence  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual Violence National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Division of Violence Prevention Facts at a Glance 2012 ... rape at some time in their lives. 1 Sexual Violence Facts at a Glance Non-fatal Injuries, Medical ...

33

Sexual assertiveness mediates the effect of social interaction anxiety on sexual victimization risk among college women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques. This study examined social interaction anxiety as a risk factor for sexual victimization. College women (n=672) completed online measures of social interaction anxiety, sexual assertiveness, and sexual victimization experiences. Social interaction anxiety was significantly positively related to likelihood of experiencing coerced sexual intercourse, and significant indirect effects, via decreased sexual refusal assertiveness, were found for both coerced sexual intercourse and rape. Social anxiety may be an important psychological barrier to assertive resistance during risky sexual situations, and developers of risk reduction programs for college women should consider including methods to help women overcome their social anxiety in order to successfully use assertive resistance techniques.

Schry AR; White SW

2013-03-01

34

[Sexual orientations].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we study the concept of sexual orientation and its components by comparing the common orientations of hetero-, homo-, and bisexuality with alternative concepts suitable for describing persons with psychosexual and somatosexual divergencies (e.g., transgender or intersex developments). An assessment of these divergencies as well as their prevalence and societal influences are presented. Empirical findings on the relationship between sexual orientation and mental health are examined against the background of the sexual minority stress model, looking especially at the risks and the opportunities associated with belonging to a sexual minority. The paper also focuses on the normative power of a monosexual model. Finally, sexual orientation is conceptualized as an umbrella term encompassing both conscious and unconscious elements, including the aspects of sexual behavior, sexual identity, fantasies, and attraction. PMID:23361208

Schweizer, K; Brunner, F

2013-02-01

35

[Sexual orientations].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this paper we study the concept of sexual orientation and its components by comparing the common orientations of hetero-, homo-, and bisexuality with alternative concepts suitable for describing persons with psychosexual and somatosexual divergencies (e.g., transgender or intersex developments). An assessment of these divergencies as well as their prevalence and societal influences are presented. Empirical findings on the relationship between sexual orientation and mental health are examined against the background of the sexual minority stress model, looking especially at the risks and the opportunities associated with belonging to a sexual minority. The paper also focuses on the normative power of a monosexual model. Finally, sexual orientation is conceptualized as an umbrella term encompassing both conscious and unconscious elements, including the aspects of sexual behavior, sexual identity, fantasies, and attraction.

Schweizer K; Brunner F

2013-02-01

36

Sexual Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Health Issue Much attention is devoted to women's reproductive health, but the formative and mature stages of women's sexual lives are often overlooked. We have analyzed cross-sectional data from the Sexual Behaviour module of the 2000/2001 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and reviewed the literature and available indicators of the sexual health of Canadian women. Key Findings Contemporary Canadian adolescents are becoming sexually active at younger ages than in previous generations. The gender gap between young males and females in age at first intercourse has virtually disappeared. The mean age at first intercourse for CCHS respondents aged 15–24 years was between 16 and 17. Canadian-born respondents are significantly younger at first intercourse than those who were born outside of Canada. Few adolescents recognize important risks to their sexual health. Older Canadians are sexually active, and continue to find emotional and physical satisfaction in their sexual relationships. Data Gaps and Recommendations Both health surveys and targeted research must employ a broader understanding of sexuality to measure changes in and determinants of the sexual health of Canadians. There is reluctance to direct questions about sexual issues to younger Canadians, even though increased knowledge of sexual health topics is associated with delayed onset of sexual intercourse. Among adults, sex-positive resources are needed to address aspects of aging, rather than medicalizing age-related sexual dysfunction. Age and gender-appropriate sexual health care, education, and knowledge are important not only for women of reproductive age, but for Canadians at all stages of life.

Hansen Lisa; Mann Janice; McMahon Sharon; Wong Thomas

2004-01-01

37

Sexual abuse.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Child sexual abuse is a common pediatric problem that concerns all pediatric health care providers. Management of child sexual abuse is multifaceted and multidisciplinary. Specialized health providers can provide consultation, but this availability does not minimize the role of the referring physician who often has ongoing contact with the family. Physicians are mandated to report cases of suspected or confirmed sexual abuse. In the majority of cases, a child’s statement about sexual abuse is the strongest evidence that abuse has occurred. Physical examination is normal in the majority of sexual abuse victims. Accurate, evidence-based interpretation of physical and laboratory findings is essential. Normal examinations, normal variants, and findings indicative of sexual contact must be differentiated. Forensic evidence collection and prophylactic treatments may be indicated when patients present within 72 hours of an abusive episode, and patients should be triaged accordingly. Potentially negative psychosocial outcomes should be addressed for patients and their families on initial evaluation and follow-up.

Fortin K; Jenny C

2012-01-01

38

Sexual prejudice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite shifts toward greater acceptance in U.S. public opinion and policy, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people remain widely stigmatized. This article reviews empirical research on sexual prejudice, that is, heterosexuals' internalization of cultural stigma, manifested in the form of negative attitudes toward sexual minorities and same-sex desires and behaviors. After briefly reviewing measurement issues, we discuss linkages between sexual prejudice and religion, gender, sexuality, and related variables, and consider how the cultural institutions encompassing these domains create a social context within which individual expressions of prejudice can meet important psychological needs. These include needs for securing social acceptance, affirming values that are central to one's self-concept, and avoiding anxiety and other negative emotions associated with threats to self-esteem. We conclude by discussing factors that may motivate heterosexuals to reduce their own sexual prejudice, including intergroup contact, as well as avenues for future empirical inquiry.

Herek GM; McLemore KA

2013-01-01

39

Pharmacotherapy to Improve Sexual Health after Menopause  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual problems are among the most frequently presented health concerns of women attending menopause clinics. For some women, but by no means all, menopause brings a decrease in sexual activity. Common sexual complaints include loss of desire, decreased frequency of sexual activity, painful intercourse, diminished sexual responsiveness, and dysfunctions of the male partner. Sexual function is influenced not only by biologic but also by nonbiologic factors. Medical management of female sexual dysfunction so far is primarily based on hormone replacement therapy.Psychosexual therapy and other sex therapy techniques can be very useful. Hence those women who have always enjoyed the emotional and physical intimacy that love-making brings in their young age, there is absolutely no reason whatsoever, medical or otherwise, why the menopause should deprive them of sexual pleasure.Key words:Sex, Menopause, HR

Vishal Tandon; Sudhaa Sharma

2005-01-01

40

Sexual Assertiveness Mediates the Effect of Social Interaction Anxiety on Sexual Victimization Risk among College Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques.…

Schry, Amie R.; White, Susan W.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Current approach to sexual disfunctions in women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Even though sexual problems and sexual dysfunction are commonly observed in the society, a significant majority of the problems are not reported to the doctors, and due to this fact, remain unaddressed. In our country, the studies about sexual dysfunction are limited in number but in recent years there has been an increase in these studies. The ratio of sexual dysfunction is higher in women than the ratio in men (43%; 31%). However, there are few treatment modality about women sexual dysfunction. Most commonly observed sexual dysfunctions in women are loss of sexual interest/desire, sexual arousal dysfunctions, orgasm dysfunctions, dyspareunia, vaginismus and sexual anxiety. In DSM-IV-TR, sexual dysfunction is treated by taking stress and interfamily relation problems into consideration. According to WHO’s definition, sexual health refers the combination of physical, emotional, intellectual and social sexual existense with the techniques that would increase personality communication and love. Sexual problems damage this combination, and cause pyschological and social problems. J Clin Exp Invest 2010; 1(3): 235-240

Hikmet Ya?ar; Levend Özkan; Abdulkadir Tepeler

2010-01-01

42

Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... I Still a Virgin If I Use a Tampon? Breast Exams Can I Make My Breasts Larger? ... Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Partner About Condoms Tampons, Pads, and Other Period Supplies Telling Parents You' ...

43

Sexual Problems  

Science.gov (United States)

... is that treatment often can help sexual problems. Premature ejaculation A lot of men sometimes ejaculate sooner than ... but around 1 out of 3 men experience premature ejaculation at some time. Usually, premature ejaculation does not ...

44

Sexual Jealousy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for women. Dozens of studies have documented sex-differentiated design features of jealousy: The relative upset about sexual and emotional aspects of infidelity; processing speed and memorial recall of sexual and emotional infidelity cues; physiological distress to sexual and emotional infidelity cues; qualities of same-sex rivals that evoke jealousy, such as superior job prospects versus greater physical attractiveness; triggers of mate retention tactics; jealous interrogations following the discovery of infidelity; and whether an infidelity produces forgiveness or breakup. Although showing all the hallmarks of evolved functionality, sexual jealousy also leads to tremendous destruction, from humiliation to homicide. By these scientific theoretical and empirical criteria, sexual jealousy is properly considered not only "basic" but also "one of the most important emotions".

David M. Buss

2013-01-01

45

Sexuality and Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

... Donate Home » Resources » Adolescence & Adulthood » Sexuality & Down Syndrome Sexuality & Down Syndrome Human sexuality encompasses an individual's self- ... community standards for adult behavior. How Can Healthy Sexuality be Encouraged for Individuals with Down Syndrome? Creating ...

46

Menopause and Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... Home > Menopause > Menopause and sexuality Menopause Menopause and sexuality Did you know? If you still get your ... Return to top More information on Menopause and sexuality Explore other publications and websites Dealing With Sexual ...

47

Child abuse - sexual  

Science.gov (United States)

Child sexual abuse is the deliberate exposure of minor children to sexual activity. This means a child is forced ... Society was reluctant to deal with child sexual abuse a few ... is difficult to determine how often child sexual abuse occurs, ...

48

Compulsive Sexual Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

... cross-dressing to having sexual desires toward children (pedophilia). Compulsive sexual behavior symptoms vary in type and ... involving touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person. Pedophilia, sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges or behaviors involving ...

49

Sexual Violence  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

This podcast discusses sexual violence - what it is, the long-term health problems it can contribute to, and tips to stop it before it begins.  Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/4/2011.

2011-04-04

50

Puberty and adolescent sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is part of a Special Issue "Puberty and Adolescence". Sexuality emerges as a major developmental element of puberty and the adolescent years that follow. However, connecting the sexuality that emerges with puberty and elements of adult sexuality is difficult because much adolescent sexuality research addresses the transition to partnered sexual behaviors (primarily coitus) and consequences such as unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. This review proposes a framework of an expanded understanding of puberty and adolescent sexuality from the perspective of four hallmarks of adult sexuality: sexual desire; sexual arousal; sexual behaviors; and, sexual function. This approach thus addresses important gaps in understanding of the ontogeny of sex and the continuum of sexuality development from adolescence through the adult lifespan. PMID:23998672

Fortenberry, J Dennis

2013-07-01

51

Puberty and adolescent sexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article is part of a Special Issue "Puberty and Adolescence". Sexuality emerges as a major developmental element of puberty and the adolescent years that follow. However, connecting the sexuality that emerges with puberty and elements of adult sexuality is difficult because much adolescent sexuality research addresses the transition to partnered sexual behaviors (primarily coitus) and consequences such as unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. This review proposes a framework of an expanded understanding of puberty and adolescent sexuality from the perspective of four hallmarks of adult sexuality: sexual desire; sexual arousal; sexual behaviors; and, sexual function. This approach thus addresses important gaps in understanding of the ontogeny of sex and the continuum of sexuality development from adolescence through the adult lifespan.

Fortenberry JD

2013-07-01

52

[The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction. PMID:19142510

Lara, Lúcia Alves da Silva; Rosa e Silva, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá; Romão, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata; Junqueira, Flavia Raquel Rosa

2008-06-01

53

[The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lara LA; Rosa e Silva AC; Romão AP; Junqueira FR

2008-06-01

54

Sexual issues for the person with an ostomy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The person with an ostomy faces many adjustments that affect sexuality. He or she must adjust to changes in body image and in sexual self-image, all while learning new techniques of self-care. The PLISSIT (Permission, Limited Information, Specific Suggestion, and Intensive Therapy) theory of Annon is useful when providing sexual health care education. Communication, education, and experimentation are the key elements to sexual rehabilitation for the person with an ostomy. Multiple holistic therapeutic suggestions are proposed for client education.

Golis AM

1996-01-01

55

Women's Sexual Health: Talking about Your Sexual Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

... health: Talking about your sexual needs Vaginal dryness Female sexual dysfunction see all in Women's sexual health Men's sexual ... years of abstinence: OK to resume? Vaginal dryness Female sexual dysfunction Anorgasmia in women Painful intercourse (dyspareunia) Low sex ...

56

[Sexuality of selachian fishes  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The author presents in this paper some data of the sexuality of Selachian Fishes chiefly first size of sexual maturity and sexual dimorphism (size, morphology, ethology and others). This study is mostly based on species of Tunisian coasts.

Capapé C

1985-12-01

57

Men and Sexual Trauma  

Science.gov (United States)

... important to know that most male victims of child sexual abuse do not become sex offenders . Furthermore, many male perpetrators do not have a history of child sexual abuse. Rather, sexual offenders more often grew up in ...

58

Female Sexual Dysfunction  

Science.gov (United States)

› Female Sexual Dysfunction Share: Questions and Answers Female Sexual Dysfunction December, 2012 Download PDFs English Editors Cristina Meriggiola, MD Cynthia A. Stuenkel, MD Margaret Wierman, MD What is female sexual dysfunction (FSD)? Many ...

59

Primary Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse.  

Science.gov (United States)

Darkness to Light (DTL) is a national non-profit organization concentrating on the promotion of the prevention of child sexual abuse directed toward adult audiences. One of DTL's primary interventions utilizes mass media techniques. This project comprised...

A. A. Rheingold

2005-01-01

60

Sexual Health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This month two general practitioners (GPs) describe their approach to sexual health consultations.The issue of a sexually active adolescent demonstrates some differences in legislation pertaining tothe requirement to involve the authorities, although in essence the young person can expect thesame response from these practitioners in two different health care systems. On the other hand apatient at risk of sexually transmitted infections is more likely to be referred to a specialistGenitourinary clinic in the UK although the protocols for screening and education are largely similar.Equally patients who are HIV positive can expect to receive the bulk of their care from specialistclinics in both countries.Midwives are the main stay of antenatal services in Australia and the UK with general practitionersminimally involved in routine cases. Also home births are a negigible proportion of all deliveries ineither country. When patients opt for a home birth our authors expressed the view that GPsgenerally do not have the skills or experience to be the main health professional in attendance.Therefore such births are primarily managed by midwives as the key health care professional. Thefocus of General practitioners is primarily to ensure that the patient is making an informed decisionabout delivering her baby at home. The GP is therefore still in an influential position to assist thewoman in making a decision about where to give birth. As a point of difference in Australia a homebirth would result in out of pocket expences for the mother.The views expressed below are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect health policy orpractice elsewhere in their countries. However we believe they offer an interesting perspective ontheir health care systems and commend the article to our readers.Please

Dr. Christine Boyce; Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Multidimensional Sexual Perfectionism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Perfectionism is a multidimensional personality characteristic that can affect all areas of life. This article presents the first systematic investigation of multidimensional perfectionism in the domain of sexuality exploring the unique relationships that different forms of sexual perfectionism show with positive and negative aspects of sexuality. A sample of 272 university students (52 male, 220 female) completed measures of four forms of sexual perfectionism: self-oriented, partner-oriented, partner-prescribed, and socially prescribed. In addition, they completed measures of sexual esteem, sexual self-efficacy, sexual optimism, sex life satisfaction (capturing positive aspects of sexuality) and sexual problem self-blame, sexual anxiety, sexual depression, and negative sexual perfectionism cognitions during sex (capturing negative aspects). Results showed unique patterns of relationships for the four forms of sexual perfectionism, suggesting that partner-prescribed and socially prescribed sexual perfectionism are maladaptive forms of sexual perfectionism associated with negative aspects of sexuality whereas self-oriented and partner-oriented sexual perfectionism emerged as ambivalent forms associated with positive and negative aspects.

Stoeber J; Harvey LN; Almeida I; Lyons E

2013-07-01

62

Hormones and female sexuality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but without differences in sexual orientation. However, it has been observed that the frequency of bisexual and lesbian women is higher in women with congenital adrenogenital syndrome. Hormones sexual desire and sexuality during menstrual cycle It has been established that sexual desire, autoeroticism and sexual fantasies in women depend on androgen levels. There are a lot of reports claiming that sexual desire varies during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal contraception and sexuality Most patients using birth control pills present with decreased libido. But, there are reports that progestagens with antiandrogenic effect in contraceptive pills do not affect sexual desire. Hormonal changes in peri- and postmenopausal period and sexuality Decreased levels of estrogen and testosterone in older women are associated with decreased libido, sensitivity and erotic stimuli. Sexuality and hormone replacement therapy Hormonal therapy with estrogen is efficient in reference to genital atrophy, but not to sexual desire. Really increased libido is achieved using androgens. Also, therapy with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and tibolone have positive effects on female libido. Conclusion Effect of sexual steroids on sexual sphere of women is very complex. The association between hormones and sexuality is multidimensional, as several hormones are important in regulation of sexual behaviour. Still, it should be pointed out that sexuality is in the domain of hormonal, emotional-motivational and social factors.

Bjelica Artur L.; Kapamadžija Aleksandra; Maticki-Sekuli? Milana

2003-01-01

63

Addressing Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article discusses ways on how to address the problem of sexual harassment in schools. Sexual harassment--simply defined as any unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior--is a sensitive topic. Merely providing students, parents, and staff members with information about the school's sexual harassment policy is insufficient; schools must take…

Young, Ellie L.; Ashbaker, Betty Y.

2008-01-01

64

Military Sexual Trauma  

Science.gov (United States)

September, 2013 What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual ... diagnosis, and Veterans’ current treatment needs will vary. Military Sexual Trauma September, 2013 How can MST affect ...

65

Sexual dysfunction following radical prostatectomy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Prostate cancer is the most common solid cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. A favored treatment option for organ-confined prostate cancer in a middle-aged healthy man is radical prostatectomy (RP). Despite advances in techniques for RP, there remain concerns among physicians and patients alike on its adverse effects on sexual function. Although post-RP erectile dysfunction has been extensively studied, little attention has been focused on the other domains of sexual function, namely loss of libido, ejaculatory dysfunction, orgasmic dysfunction, penile shortening, and Peyronie disease. The aim of this review is to discuss the most recent literature regarding post-RP sexual dysfunctions.

Benson CR; Serefoglu EC; Hellstrom WJ

2012-11-01

66

Sexual dysfunction following radical prostatectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prostate cancer is the most common solid cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. A favored treatment option for organ-confined prostate cancer in a middle-aged healthy man is radical prostatectomy (RP). Despite advances in techniques for RP, there remain concerns among physicians and patients alike on its adverse effects on sexual function. Although post-RP erectile dysfunction has been extensively studied, little attention has been focused on the other domains of sexual function, namely loss of libido, ejaculatory dysfunction, orgasmic dysfunction, penile shortening, and Peyronie disease. The aim of this review is to discuss the most recent literature regarding post-RP sexual dysfunctions. PMID:22744864

Benson, Cooper R; Serefoglu, Ege Can; Hellstrom, Wayne J G

2012-06-28

67

Biology of Sexual Dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual activity is a multifaceted activity, involving complex interactions between the nervous system, the endocrine system, the vascular system and a variety of structures that are instrumental in sexual excitement, intercourse and satisfaction. Sexual function has three components i.e., desire, arousal and orgasm. Many sexual dysfunctions can be categorized according to the phase of sexual response that is affected. In actual clinical practice however, sexual desire, arousal and orgasmic difficulties more often than not coexist, suggesting an integration of phases. Sexual dysfunction can result from a wide variety of psychological and physiological causes including derangements in the levels of sex hormones and neurotrensmitters. This review deals with the biology of different phases of sexual function as well as implications of hormones and neurotransmitters in sexual dysfunction

Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj; Nagesh Brahmavar Pai; Telkar Srinivasrao Sathyanarayana Rao; Nishant Goyal

2009-01-01

68

Sexual narcissism and the perpetration of sexual aggression.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women, Study 1 validated the Sexual Narcissism Scale, a new sexuality research instrument with four subscales-Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Entitlement, Low Sexual Empathy, and Sexual Skill. Then, in a sample of 378 men, Study 2 demonstrated that sexual narcissism was associated with reports of the frequency of sexual aggression, three specific types of sexual aggression (unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and attempted/completed rape), and the likelihood of future sexual aggression. Notably, global narcissism was unrelated to all indices of sexual aggression when sexual narcissism was controlled. That sexual narcissism outperformed global assessments of narcissism to account for variance in sexual aggression suggests that future research may benefit by examining whether sexual narcissism and other sexual-situation-specific measurements of personality can similarly provide a more valid test of the association between personality and other sexual behaviors and outcomes (e.g., contraceptive use, infidelity, sexual satisfaction).

Widman L; McNulty JK

2010-08-01

69

Sexual narcissism and the perpetration of sexual aggression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women, Study 1 validated the Sexual Narcissism Scale, a new sexuality research instrument with four subscales-Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Entitlement, Low Sexual Empathy, and Sexual Skill. Then, in a sample of 378 men, Study 2 demonstrated that sexual narcissism was associated with reports of the frequency of sexual aggression, three specific types of sexual aggression (unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and attempted/completed rape), and the likelihood of future sexual aggression. Notably, global narcissism was unrelated to all indices of sexual aggression when sexual narcissism was controlled. That sexual narcissism outperformed global assessments of narcissism to account for variance in sexual aggression suggests that future research may benefit by examining whether sexual narcissism and other sexual-situation-specific measurements of personality can similarly provide a more valid test of the association between personality and other sexual behaviors and outcomes (e.g., contraceptive use, infidelity, sexual satisfaction). PMID:19130204

Widman, Laura; McNulty, James K

2009-01-07

70

Indian concepts on sexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

India is a vast country depicting wide social, cultural and sexual variations. Indian concept of sexuality has evolved over time and has been immensely influenced by various rulers and religions. Indian sexuality is manifested in our attire, behavior, recreation, literature, sculptures, scriptures, religion and sports. It has influenced the way we perceive our health, disease and device remedies for the same. In modern era, with rapid globalization the unique Indian sexuality is getting diffused. The time has come to rediscover ourselves in terms of sexuality to attain individual freedom and to reinvest our energy to social issues related to sexuality.

Chakraborty K; Thakurata RG

2013-01-01

71

An Overview of Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

|Sexual harassment, according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is when any unwelcome sexual advances for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature takes place. For sexual harassment to take place there must be some type of behavior, language, or material of a sexual nature, which is offensive.…

Stier, William F., Jr.

2005-01-01

72

Your Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... increase arousal? • What can help me have an orgasm? • How can I minimize sexual pain? • How can ... difficulties. What are orgasmic problems? Not having an orgasm during sexual activity may not be a problem. ...

73

Rape (sexual assault) - overview  

Science.gov (United States)

Sex and rape; Date rape; Sexual assault ... According to most estimates, 80 - 90% of rapes are not reported to police. Current trends project that 1 in 3 American women will be sexually assaulted at some point during their ...

74

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 20 STDs, the most deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and ... and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when ...

75

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when they ... herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. Usually infections that are caused by a virus ...

76

Sexuality in Later Life  

Science.gov (United States)

... Depression can be treated. What Else May Cause Sexuality Problems? Surgery. Many of us worry about having ... be at risk. Can Emotions Play a Part? Sexuality is often a delicate balance of emotional and ...

77

Sexuality and Aging.  

Science.gov (United States)

This monograph, based on two workshops held in 1974, is composed of nine papers on sexuality and aging. An overview of sexuality and aging which focuses on childhood development and masculine or feminine identity, masculine or feminine behavior, and heter...

I. M. Burnside

1975-01-01

78

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available X-Plain Sexually Transmitted Diseases Reference Summary Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most common infectious diseases in the United States. There are ...

79

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... diseases are a category of diseases that are spread via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral ... ability to fight off infection. The HIV virus spreads primarily during sexual activity. It also spreads through ...

80

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal drug habits are involved. • You know very little about your ... less you know about their sexual and drug habits, the higher your risk of getting an STD ...

 
 
 
 
81

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. This reference summary reviews some common ... to feed from the body of their host. Gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and chancroid are examples of sexually ...

82

Sexual Dysfunction in Women  

Science.gov (United States)

... can have it. There are 4 kinds of sexual problems in women: Desire disorders - When you are not interested in ... to have sex? Can I get pregnant? Source Female Sexual Dysfunction: Evaluation and Treatment by Nancy A. Phillips, M. ...

83

Understanding Sexual Violence  

Science.gov (United States)

... perpetrator (person who harms someone else) – for example, sexual harassment, threats, and peeping. Other SV, including unwanted touching ... at school, and in other places that address sexual harassment. • Developing mass media (e.g., radio, TV, magazines, ...

84

Inhibited Sexual Desire and Sexual Avoidance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) is one of the most common sexual dysfunctions, especially in women. Family physicians have an opportunity to recognize ISD before the associated problems become entrenched, and to guide couples toward satisfactory resolution. A summary is presented of current thinking o...

Morse, William I.

85

Sexuality in Older Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

MENU Return to Web version Sexuality in Older Adults Sexuality in Older Adults What are the benefits of a healthy sex life for older adults? Sex is ... concerns, and acknowledge new relationships with respect. Bibliography Sexuality in Later Life by National Institute on Aging ( ...

86

Anthropology of sexual exploitation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors observe sexual exploitation from an anthropological perspective. They analyze the rational, ethical, emotional and mythological dimensions of human sexuality. Consequently, after setting the phenomenon in a social and historical context, sexual exploitation is closely observed in the contemporary age. Based on thoughts of relevant thinkers, they make the conclusion that the elimination of sexual exploitation is not an utterly legal issue, but political and economical issues as well. Namely, legal norms are not sufficient to overcome sexual exploitation, but, political and economical relationships in contemporary societies, which will be based on sincere equal opportunities must be established.

Lali? Velibor; Kešetovi? Želimir

2009-01-01

87

Necrophilia and sexual homicide.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A closed case-file review of 211 sexual homicides identified 16 cases of necrophilia. The results of this unique descriptive study of necrophilia associated with sexual homicide provide information on crime-scene locations, methods of killing, body disposition, premortem sexual assault, specifics of the necrophilic acts, methods of victim abduction, and motivational dynamics. The findings suggest that the most common explanation for necrophilia-the offender's desire to have an unresisting partner-may not always be applicable in cases where this rare paraphilia is connected to sexual murder. The possibility of using crime-scene behaviors in these cases to investigate serial sexual murders is offered.

Stein ML; Schlesinger LB; Pinizzotto AJ

2010-03-01

88

Necrophilia and sexual homicide.  

Science.gov (United States)

A closed case-file review of 211 sexual homicides identified 16 cases of necrophilia. The results of this unique descriptive study of necrophilia associated with sexual homicide provide information on crime-scene locations, methods of killing, body disposition, premortem sexual assault, specifics of the necrophilic acts, methods of victim abduction, and motivational dynamics. The findings suggest that the most common explanation for necrophilia-the offender's desire to have an unresisting partner-may not always be applicable in cases where this rare paraphilia is connected to sexual murder. The possibility of using crime-scene behaviors in these cases to investigate serial sexual murders is offered. PMID:20102474

Stein, Michelle L; Schlesinger, Louis B; Pinizzotto, Anthony J

2010-01-25

89

Adolescent sexual behavior.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

What is known about adolescent sexual behavior is reviewed. First, the onset of sexual behavior in the teenage years is considered as a function of cohort, gender, and ethnic differences. Omissions in the research on sexual behavior other than intercourse are highlighted. Possible biological, social, and social cognitive processes underlying teenage sexual behavior are then considered. Next, demographic trends in the use of contraceptives and antecedents of regular birth control use are reviewed. Finally, some of the successful program initiatives directed toward altering sexual and contraceptive practices are discussed, keeping in mind the importance and relative lack of well-designed and carefully evaluated programs.

Brooks-Gunn J; Furstenberg FF Jr

1989-02-01

90

Sexual activity and aging.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexuality is an important component of emotional and physical intimacy that men and women experience throughout their lives. Research suggesting that a high proportion of men and women remain sexually active well into later life refutes the prevailing myth that aging and sexual dysfunction are inexorably linked. Age-related physiological changes do not render a meaningful sexual relationship impossible or even necessarily difficult. Many of these physiological changes are modifiable. There are various therapeutic options available to patients to achieve maximum sexual capacity in old age. This article reviews the prevalence of sexual activity among older adults, the problems these adults encounter with sexual activity, and the role of the health care professional in addressing these problems. The physiological sex-related changes that occur as part of the normal aging process in men and women are reviewed, as well as the effect of age-related physical and psychological illness on sexual function. The attitudes and perceptions of the media and general public toward sexual activity and aging are summarized. An understanding of the sexual changes that accompany the aging process may help general practitioners and other doctors to give practical and useful advice on sexuality as well as refute the misconception that aging equates to celibacy. A thorough awareness of this aspect of older people's quality of life can raise meaningful expectations for aging patients.

Lochlainn MN; Kenny RA

2013-08-01

91

Fragrant pear sexuality recognition with machine vision  

Science.gov (United States)

In this research, a method to identify Kuler fragrant pear's sexuality with machine vision was developed. Kuler fragrant pear has male pear and female pear. They have an obvious difference in favor. To detect the sexuality of Kuler fragrant pear, images of fragrant pear were acquired by CCD color camera. Before feature extraction, some preprocessing is conducted on the acquired images to remove noise and unnecessary contents. Color feature, perimeter feature and area feature of fragrant pear bottom image were extracted by digital image processing technique. And the fragrant pear sexuality was determined by complexity obtained from perimeter and area. In this research, using 128 Kurle fragrant pears as samples, good recognition rate between the male pear and the female pear was obtained for Kurle pear's sexuality detection (82.8%). Result shows this method could detect male pear and female pear with a good accuracy.

Ma, Benxue; Ying, Yibin

2006-10-01

92

Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually towards male child. Thirty-fifty percent of abuse cases among child and adolescent are outside the family including strangers or familiar person. Some features of abusers are introvert personality, pedophilic and antisocial personality. Most of the abusers have a history of sexual abuse or aggression during childhood. Sexual intercourse between two people who are not allowed to marry by law is called as incest. Family pattern of incest is defined globally as disorganized and dysfunctional. The most commonly reported familial pattern is rigid and patriarchal family pattern with a harsh father using force quite frequently. The clinical features and impacts of the sexual abuse on the child varies according to the relation between abusers and the child, form of abuse, duration of abuse, presence of physical assault, developmental phase, child age and psychological development before the abuse. Sexual abuse history may result in psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, substance dependence, suicide act, borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder. Abuse negatively affects interpersonal relationships and self esteem of abused individuals. Several studies reported close association between risky sexual behaviors in adulthood and a history of of sexual abuse during childhood. Four traumatic dynamics including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness, and stigmatization exist in childhood abuse. Trauma can cause behavioral and psychological results by itself, early trauma may also lead to biological effects. Especially traumas during neuron plasticity phase may lead hypersensitivity of neuroendocrine stress response. Early life stresses are shown to lead changes in corticotrophin releasing factor system in preclinical and clinical phase studies. In the treatment of sexual abuse, emotional process related with trauma should be focused on. This process may be conducted with play therapy. Development of higher level defense mechanism, increasing ego capacity, orientation to social activity and personal activity according to skills is aimed. For the elimination of guiltiness related with stigmatization, the child should be told that it is not herhis fault to incorporate into sexual interaction and the culprit is abuser. It is fairly important for medical staff, school and family to have sufficient information about sexual abuse for prevention and early recognition.

Evrim Aktepe

2009-01-01

93

Sexuality and old age.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexuality in older people is a multifaceted field of study. Ageing may offer opportunities for and restrictions on sexuality. Ageing individuals may have increased time for and may wish to explore their sexuality, for example, by considering a same-sex relationship, after a long-term partner dies. However, they may also lack a partner or autonomy. They may develop or have increased symptoms from chronic diseases. Consequent medication may affect their sexual functioning. Their attitudes to sex often change and their capacity for sexual activity may diminish unless they seek help. However, they may lack the confidence to do so and the health professionals consulted may be disinclined or ill-equipped to assist them. They may have concerns regarding how their sexuality or their sexual orientation would be perceived should they require residential care or start to lose their memory. We consider the recent work relating to this broad range of influences on sexuality in old age and conclude that, whilst the challenge for researchers is to accurately clarify the impact of individual factors on sexuality and identify helpful potential interventions, increased academic and educational focus on this area is enhancing the prospects for a sexually enjoyable old age.

Wylie KR; Wood A; McManus R

2013-02-01

94

Sexual behavior of adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction Numerous studies have shown that sexual behavior increases among adolescents. Disharmony between biological and psychosocial maturity among young people may cause risky behavior, and endanger psychophysical and reproductive health of young persons. Material and methods A questionnaire on sexual behavior was completed by 169 adolescents, 1st and 4th year high school students. Results Every 6th first grade and every 2nd forth grade adolescent is sexually active. Male adolescents begin sexual activities significantly earlier (at the age of 15.6) than female adolescents (16.5). Also, young men have significantly more partners (3.6) than girls (1.3), and more parallel sexual relations than girls. Only 1/3 of sexually active adolescents always use some kind of contraception, more frequently boys (41.9%) than girls (26.7%). Discussion Early commencement of sexual activity results with longer active period before realization of the reproductive function, which increases risk for reproductive health disorders. Unprotected sexual intercourse and large number of partners also present significant risk factors. Conclusion Sexual life of adolescents begins at the age of 16, on average, and only every third always uses contraceptive protection, which points to a need for better education on reproductive health by using contemporary methods. It is also necessary to increase availability of contraceptives (condoms) at all places where adolescents spend time (in schools, bars, cinemas, disco clubs etc.) in order to achieve responsible sexual behavior and protection of reproductive health among youth.

Mijatovi?-Jovanovi? Vesna; Ukropina Snežana; Kvrgi? Svetlana T.; Šurkovi?-Ni?iforovi? Olja

2004-01-01

95

Sexual issues for the person with an ostomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The person with an ostomy faces many adjustments that affect sexuality. He or she must adjust to changes in body image and in sexual self-image, all while learning new techniques of self-care. The PLISSIT (Permission, Limited Information, Specific Suggestion, and Intensive Therapy) theory of Annon is useful when providing sexual health care education. Communication, education, and experimentation are the key elements to sexual rehabilitation for the person with an ostomy. Multiple holistic therapeutic suggestions are proposed for client education. PMID:8704848

Golis, A M

1996-01-01

96

SEXUAL FUNCTION AFTER PROSTATECTOMY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of transurethral and transvesical prostatectomy on the sexual function.Forty patients with the confirmed benign prostatic hyperplasia were analyzed. Transurethral and transvesical prostatectomy were performed in all patients. IIEF score was studied before, as well as three and six months after the surgery. All results were compared with the results of control group.Sexual function was not significantly improved after surgery.There was statistically significant difference between operated patients and control group both in symptoms of sexual function.Sexual function did not significantly improve after the surgery. In addition,the improvement of sexual function was not registered postoperaively, and differed significantly from the control group sexual function.

Darko Laketic

2007-01-01

97

Chronic illness and sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sex remains an important contributor to quality of life in many patients with chronic illness and their partners. The effects of chronic illness on sexuality are multifactorial and can impact on all phases of sexual response. Sexual dysfunction and dissatisfaction in chronically ill patients are underdetected and undertreated because of barriers to doctor-patient discussion about sex and lack of medical training in human sexuality. For doctors to become more motivated to broach the topic of sex, they need to recognise that people may be sexually interested even though they are old, ill or disabled. The PLISSIT model provides a graded counselling approach that allows doctors to deal with sexual issues at their own level of expertise and comfort. PMID:12924976

McInnes, Rosemary A

2003-09-01

98

Chronic illness and sexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sex remains an important contributor to quality of life in many patients with chronic illness and their partners. The effects of chronic illness on sexuality are multifactorial and can impact on all phases of sexual response. Sexual dysfunction and dissatisfaction in chronically ill patients are underdetected and undertreated because of barriers to doctor-patient discussion about sex and lack of medical training in human sexuality. For doctors to become more motivated to broach the topic of sex, they need to recognise that people may be sexually interested even though they are old, ill or disabled. The PLISSIT model provides a graded counselling approach that allows doctors to deal with sexual issues at their own level of expertise and comfort.

McInnes RA

2003-09-01

99

Sexual health and contraception.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual health encompasses 'sexual development and reproductive health, as well as the ability to develop and maintain meaningful interpersonal relationships; appreciate one's own body; interact with both genders in respectful and appropriate ways; express affection, love and intimacy in ways consistent with one's own values'. The 2008 WHO Consensus Statement additionally noted that 'responsible adolescent intimate relationships' should be 'consensual, non-exploitative, honest, pleasurable and protected against unintended pregnancy and STDs if any type of intercourse occurs'. Young people (YP) must, therefore, be able to access sexual health information and services that meet their needs. For most YP, interest in sexual activity begins with puberty, and this is associated with increasingly sexualised behaviour, including exploration of themselves and others. Most YP find this a confusing time, and so it is important that health professionals are able to offer advice regarding the wide range of sexual health issues, including sexuality, choice of partner, contraception, risk and management of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in a confident and approachable manner. YP have never had so much choice or information available to them, and this can be confusing for them. There is good evidence that YP who get information from their parents are likely to initiate sexual activity later than their peers who access information from their friends. However, there is also evidence that some YP would prefer to get sexual health information from health professionals. It is therefore imperative that all health professionals who see YP have an awareness of sexual health issues, and know where to signpost YP should they need more specialist sexual health advice and/or treatment. Where appropriate, one-to-one sexual health advice should be provided to YP on how to prevent and get tested for STIs, and how to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Advice should also be given on all methods of reversible contraception, including long-acting reversible contraception, emergency contraception and other reproductive issues.

Straw F; Porter C

2012-10-01

100

HIV-Positive Men Sexually Active with Women: Sexual Behaviors and Sexual Risks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examines patterns of sexual behavior, sexual relating, and sexual risk among HIV-positive men sexually active with women. A total of 278 HIV-positive men were interviewed every 6–12 months between 1994 and 2002 and reported considerable variability in sexual behaviors over time. Many were...

Aidala, Angela A.; Lee, Gunjeong; Howard, Joyce Moon; Caban, Maria; Abramson, David; Messeri, Peter

 
 
 
 
101

Sexual orientation disparities in sexually transmitted infections: examining the intersection between sexual identity and sexual behavior.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The terms MSM (men who have sex with men) and WSW (women who have sex with women) have been used with increasing frequency in the public health literature to examine sexual orientation disparities in sexual health. These categories, however, do not allow researchers to examine potential differences in sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk by sexual orientation identity. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health, this study investigated the relationship between self-reported STIs and both sexual orientation identity and sexual behaviors. Additionally, this study examined the mediating role of victimization and STI risk behaviors on the relationship between sexual orientation and self-reported STIs. STI risk was found to be elevated among heterosexual-WSW and bisexual women, whether they reported same-sex partners or not, whereas gay-identified WSW were less likely to report an STI compared to heterosexual women with opposite sex relationships only. Among males, heterosexual-identified MSM did not have a greater likelihood of reporting an STI diagnosis; rather, STI risk was concentrated among gay and bisexual identified men who reported both male and female sexual partners. STI risk behaviors mediated the STI disparities among both males and females, and victimization partially mediated STI disparities among female participants. These results suggest that relying solely on behavior-based categories, such as MSM and WSW, may mischaracterize STI disparities by sexual orientation.

Everett BG

2013-02-01

102

Fibromyalgia and sexual problems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this review was to describe the recent literature concerning sexual dysfunction in fibromyalgic patients. To this end, we used the common online databases PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE (up to June 2012) and searched for the key words fibromyalgia (FM) and sexual dysfunction. All the studies examined underlined that FM is strictly associated with sexual dysfunction in women. The major findings observed were related to a decreased sexual desire and arousal, decreased experience of orgasm, and in some studies an increase in genital pain. The psychological aspects, together with the stress related to the constant presence of chronic widespread pain, fatigue and sleep disturbances, are certainly a major factor that adversely affects the sexuality of the patient with FM. Moreover, the drugs most commonly used in these cases may interfere negatively on the sexuality and sexual function of these patients. Therefore, the therapeutic intervention should be targeted and the side effects should be weighed up against the positive effects. It is of the utmost importance to recognise the problem of sexuality and sexual dysfunction in a more complex form of its expression and undertake a multidisciplinary therapeutic intervention to improve the quality of FM patients’ life.

L. Bazzichi; C. Giacomelli; A. Rossi; F. Sernissi; P. Scarpellini; A. Consensi; S. Bombardieri

2012-01-01

103

Guidelines for Teaching about Sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurse educators who are comfortable with their own sexuality, have sensitive and perceptive communication skills, and are knowledgeable about sexual health are best equipped to integrate sexuality education into the nursing curriculum. (SK)

Grigg, Elizabeth

1997-01-01

104

VIH/SIDA: conocimientos y conducta sexual  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo con el objetivo de identificar conocimientos sobre VIH/SIDA y conductas sexuales en adolescentes universitarios de distintos estratos socioeconómicos en la Gran Caracas. Se aplicó una encuesta para explorar aspectos: sociodemográficas, conocimiento sobre VIH/SIDA y conductas sexuales asociadas con VIH/SIDA. El análisis estadístico se basó en la prueba Chi-cuadrado y el escalamiento multidimensional. Los resultados mostraron un alto porcentaje de estudiantes con desconocimiento de la definición conceptual del VIH/SIDA. Los estudiantes de mayor nivel socioeconómico tienen menor presencia de conductas sexuales de alto riesgo asociadas con VIH/SIDA y mayor similitud en las respuestas correctas. Los estudiantes de estratos sociales bajos-medios tienen mayor riesgo de adquirir VIH/SIDA, ya que en ellos predominan conductas sexuales de alto riesgo.An investigation was undertaken with the objective to describe knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sexual conducts among university students from different socioeconomic strata in the Gran Caracas. A questionnaire was applied to explore aspects related to socioeconomic variables, sexual conduct and knowledge on HIV/AIDS. The statistical analyses were based on the chi-squared test and the multidimensional scaling technique. The results showed a high percentage of students without conceptual knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Students from high socioeconomic stratum exhibited lesser presence of sexual conducts related to high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS, as well as, greater similarity on their correct responses. The students from low-medium social strata are at greater risk for acquiring HIV/AIDS, since they engage in high-risk sexual conducts.

Lucila Blanco-Cedres; María Pérez Rancel; Zulaima Osuna

2005-01-01

105

Does foreplay matter? Gammarus pulex females may benefit from long-lasting precopulatory mate guarding.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Precopulatory mate guarding (PCMG) is generally assumed to be costly for both sexes. However, males may gain by displaying long-lasting mate guarding under strong male-male competition. Surprisingly, the potential for females to benefit from being held by males has been largely overlooked in previous studies. In Gammarus pulex, an amphipod crustacean, PCMG lasts several weeks, yet females are described as bearing only cost from such male mating strategy. We investigated potential female benefits by assessing the effect of mate guarding on her intermoult duration. Unpaired females had longer intermoult duration than paired females. Intermoult duration clearly decreased when paired females engaged in early and long-lasting mate guarding. In addition, short intermoults and long-lasting mate guarding had no effect on egg number. These results highlight a potential benefit associated with PCMG for G. pulex females, suggesting that the strength of an intersexual conflict over its duration may be overestimated.

Galipaud M; Dechaume-Moncharmont FX; Oughadou A; Bollache L

2011-06-01

106

Sexual Behavior of Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Confined to discussion of heterosexual activities, this article examines adolescent sexual behavior in terms of promiscuity; the search for a sexual behavior code; the impact of the media; and the influence of peer groups, religious identification, and the adult double standard. (JC)

Wagner, Hilmar

1978-01-01

107

Sexual Desire Disorders  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and sexual aversion disorder (SAD) are an under-diagnosed group of disorders that affect men and women. Despite their prevalence, these two disorders are often not addressed by healthcare providers and patients due their private and awkward nature. As physici...

Montgomery, Keith A.

108

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available X-Plain Sexually Transmitted Diseases Reference Summary Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most ... 1995-2010, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.X-Plain.com hp070105 Last reviewed: 12/15/2010 1 ...

109

[Sexual dysfunction after colostomy].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Sexual disturbances after colostomy are various. However, they probably remain underestimated in societies where sexuality is still a taboo issue. THE AIM of this prospective study was to evaluate the possible sexual behaviour and the post operative sexual disturbances in patients whome underwent colostomy. METHODS: The group was devided in 10 male and 11 female patients. Seventeen patients (81%) were married, 3 widowed and 1 unmaried. RESULTS: Sexual disturbances were found in 47% of patients. There was a lack of interest in sexual relations in 2 women, a resolved premature ejaculation in one case, post operative dysparenia in 2 female patients, a retrograde ejaculation in a 60-year-old man, impotence in a 46 years old patient, and a premature ejaculation in a 36-year-old man. The frequency of sexual disturbances (47%) in our series was close to that reported in the literature (50%). CONCLUSION: The sexual disorders are more common in male patients, the most frequent being ejaculatory dysfunction. In women, dyspareunia is the most common disorder. The particular case of colostomy in homosexuals remains a current issue.

Mseddi M; Mseddi MA; Marrekchi S; Bouassida S; Turki H; Beyrouti MI; Zahaf A

2007-07-01

110

Sexual disorders and crime.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Highlighting the relationship between sexual disorders and crime, reviewing and summarizing the articles published throughout 2011 which add to the current knowledge on this subject. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies on specific populations confirm the association between sexual disorders and crime, particularly between paraphilias and sexual crimes regarding male offenders. Female offenders are less likely to be diagnosed with a sexual disorder. Some case reports focus on unusual paraphilias and lead us to question the vast possibilities of paraphilic contents and sexual arousal patterns. The variations of paraphilic-associated sexual arousal patterns, unconventional sex behaviors or paraphilic disorders are constantly changing. In this sense, the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-5 current proposals for a sexual dysfunction diagnostic category are under intense discussion because of their important clinical and forensic consequences. SUMMARY: Sexual violence is a theme not well understood yet. Because of its nature, researching it can raise many ethical problems. There is no possibility of clinical trials and of case-control studies. Even cohort studies may be problematic in themselves. So, most of the research involves biased samples or case reports, or is merely theoretical. Further research is needed to improve our understanding of the subject, so that preventive and rehabilitative measures can be taken.

Taborda JG; Michalski-Jaeger CA

2012-09-01

111

Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 2005. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS) da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a unidade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos.

Maria Angela Boccara de Paula; Renata Ferreira Takahashi; Pedro Roberto de Paula

2012-01-01

112

Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS) da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a un (more) idade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 2005. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The st (more) udy demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.

Paula, Maria Angela Boccara de; Takahashi, Renata Ferreira; Paula, Pedro Roberto de

2012-06-01

113

The evolving sexual health paradigm: transforming definitions into sexual health practices.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual health is an evolving paradigm that integrates a positive approach to sexuality with existing public health policy and practice for reducing the burdens of sexually transmitted infections, including those due to HIV. The sexual health paradigm rests in commitment to sexual rights, sexual knowledge, sexual choice, and sexual pleasure, as well as key elements of sexuality addressed by sexual desire, sexual arousal, and sexual function, and sexual behaviors. The sexual health paradigm offers new approaches to supporting general health and well being while reducing the burdens of sexual diseases and their consequences.

Fortenberry JD

2013-10-01

114

Managing female sexual dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs) range from short-term aggravations to major emotional disturbances adversely affecting family and workplace. This review highlights diagnosis and management of the four most widely diagnosed FSDs. It initially focuses on hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) as a driving force at the heart of all other FSDs; nothing happens without sexual desire. Successful resolution of HSDD frequently facilitates resolution of other disorders. Central to understanding HSDD is the impact of aging female sexual endocrinology and its effect on both prevalence and expression patterns of FSD. Advances in this field have enabled introduction of some the most effective treatments yet described for HSDD. Sexual arousal disorder, though commonly affected by the same factors as HSDD, is heavily associated with psychotropic drugs and mood elevators. Orgasmic disorder is frequently the downstream result of other sexual dysfunctions, particularly HSDD, or the result of a major psychosexual trauma. Successful management of the underlying disorder often resolves orgasmic disorder. Sexual pain disorder is frequently the result of a gynecologic disorder, such as endometriosis, that can be substantially managed through successful treatment of that disorder. This article ends with the article's most important note: how to initiate the conversation.

Buster JE

2013-10-01

115

Managing female sexual dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs) range from short-term aggravations to major emotional disturbances adversely affecting family and workplace. This review highlights diagnosis and management of the four most widely diagnosed FSDs. It initially focuses on hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) as a driving force at the heart of all other FSDs; nothing happens without sexual desire. Successful resolution of HSDD frequently facilitates resolution of other disorders. Central to understanding HSDD is the impact of aging female sexual endocrinology and its effect on both prevalence and expression patterns of FSD. Advances in this field have enabled introduction of some the most effective treatments yet described for HSDD. Sexual arousal disorder, though commonly affected by the same factors as HSDD, is heavily associated with psychotropic drugs and mood elevators. Orgasmic disorder is frequently the downstream result of other sexual dysfunctions, particularly HSDD, or the result of a major psychosexual trauma. Successful management of the underlying disorder often resolves orgasmic disorder. Sexual pain disorder is frequently the result of a gynecologic disorder, such as endometriosis, that can be substantially managed through successful treatment of that disorder. This article ends with the article's most important note: how to initiate the conversation. PMID:24074537

Buster, John E

2013-10-01

116

What is sexual addiction?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by a 6-category spectrum: (a) no sexual excess beyond breaking the spouse's restrictive rules (n = 2), (b) discovery of husband's longstanding sexual secrets (n = 5), (c) new discovery of the joys of commercial sex (n = 4), (d) the bizarre or paraphilic (n = 7), (e) alternate concept of normal masculinity (n = 5), and (f) spiraling psychological deterioration (n = 7). Only the men with a spiraling psychological deterioration-about 25% of the sample with sexual issues-could reasonably be described as having a sexual addiction. This group experienced significant psychological failures before the onset of their deterioration. Another 25% were adequately defined as paraphilic. Half of the sample was not adequately described using addiction, compulsivity, impulsivity, and relationship incapacity models. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for DSM-5 and treatment.

Levine SB

2010-01-01

117

What is sexual addiction?  

Science.gov (United States)

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by a 6-category spectrum: (a) no sexual excess beyond breaking the spouse's restrictive rules (n = 2), (b) discovery of husband's longstanding sexual secrets (n = 5), (c) new discovery of the joys of commercial sex (n = 4), (d) the bizarre or paraphilic (n = 7), (e) alternate concept of normal masculinity (n = 5), and (f) spiraling psychological deterioration (n = 7). Only the men with a spiraling psychological deterioration-about 25% of the sample with sexual issues-could reasonably be described as having a sexual addiction. This group experienced significant psychological failures before the onset of their deterioration. Another 25% were adequately defined as paraphilic. Half of the sample was not adequately described using addiction, compulsivity, impulsivity, and relationship incapacity models. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for DSM-5 and treatment. PMID:20432125

Levine, Stephen B

2010-01-01

118

[Questionnaires in sexual medicine].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Screening, diagnosis and assessment of the management of male and female sexual dysfunctions have been greatly improved by the scientific development of self-administered questionnaires. Their use became the rule in clinical trials and epidemiological surveys. Nevertheless, their routine use has not yet become part of daily urological practice. Even if these tools replace neither the patient interview and medical history and the psychological and social context of the sexual behavior, nor clinical examination, they are of great assistance for determining management and are also highly reliable. METHODS: Medical literature was reviewed and combined with expert opinion of the author. RESULTS: We present here several questionnaires which have been validated in their French version with the methodology for the calculation of the scores. The International Index of Erectile Function (15 items) and two abbreviated versions, the Erectile Function domain (six items) and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (five questions) are mainly of use for patients with erectile dysfunction. They provide a robust classification of the severity of the condition. The Premature Ejaculation Profile (four questions) is used for patients with premature ejaculation. It describes premature ejaculation with the following criteria: time to ejaculation, control over ejaculation, the level of distress. The Male Health Sexual Questionnaire (25 questions) provides with a wider and more comprehensive approach to male sexuality of male sexuality including: erection, ejaculation, desire and satisfaction. This questionnaire is particularly useful to investigate ejaculatory disorders. Lastly, the Female Sexual Function Index (19 questions) is the tool of choice for female sexuality with questions regarding desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain. CONCLUSION: Validated, user-friendly questionnaires are available in French language for the diagnosis and the follow-up of sexual dysfunctions in both men and women.

Giuliano F

2013-07-01

119

Mandatory reporting of sexual abuse in Ontario.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

You are taking a history from a new patient. The patient, a young woman, tells you she wishes to change practiotioners because she feels uncomfortable with her previous practitioner. Her previous practitioner took a detailed sexual history which seemed irrelevant to you. During the taking of the history he commented that, given the number of her sexual partners, she would not need any sexual counselling. The prior practitioner also displayed a “swimsuit edition” calendar in his office and drew her attention to Miss May as an example of poor lifting technique. Miss May was lifting a beach ball without bending her knees. The patient requests that your keep this informatino strictly confidential, but that she wanted you to understand why she was switching practitioners.

Steinecke R

1994-09-01

120

Comportamiento sexual y ansiedad  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se revisarán las investigaciones con animales no humanos que atañen a la relación existente entre comportamiento sexual y ansiedad. Por una parte, los resultados más relevantes indican que el comportamiento sexual posee un efecto de tipo ansiolítico o atenuante del estrés, que se manifiesta tanto en la conducta de los sujetos como a niveles fisiológicos o neuroendocrinos. Por otra parte, hay estudios que hacen referencia a la relación de signo contrario, es decir, cómo el estrés afecta el comportamiento sexual de los animales.

Nadia Romina Justel; Mariana Bentosela; Alba Elisabeth Mustaca

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Educar en conductas sexuales saludables: una innovación docente en promoción de la salud Education about healthy sexual behaviors among high school students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 years (34 females), attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.

María A García G; Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente; Emilio González-Jiménez; Rafael Fernández Castillo; Inmaculada García-García

2011-01-01

122

Colorectal surgery and its impact on male sexual function.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The quality of functional outcome has become increasingly important in view of improvement in prognosis with colorectal cancer patients. Sexual dysfunction remains a common problem after colorectal cancer treatment, despite the good oncologic outcomes achieved by expert surgeons. Although radiotherapy and chemotherapy contribute, surgical nerve damage is the main cause of sexual dysfunction. The autonomic nerves are in close contact with the visceral pelvic fascia that surrounds the mesorectum. The concept of total mesorectal excision (TME) in rectal cancer treatment has led to a substantial improvement of autonomic nerve preservation. In addition, use of laparoscopy has allowed favorable results with regards to sexual function. The present paper describes the anatomy and pathophysiology of autonomic pelvic nerves, prevalence of sexual dysfunction, and the surgical technique of nerve preservation in order to maintain sexual function.

Nagpal K; Bennett N

2013-08-01

123

Colorectal surgery and its impact on male sexual function.  

Science.gov (United States)

The quality of functional outcome has become increasingly important in view of improvement in prognosis with colorectal cancer patients. Sexual dysfunction remains a common problem after colorectal cancer treatment, despite the good oncologic outcomes achieved by expert surgeons. Although radiotherapy and chemotherapy contribute, surgical nerve damage is the main cause of sexual dysfunction. The autonomic nerves are in close contact with the visceral pelvic fascia that surrounds the mesorectum. The concept of total mesorectal excision (TME) in rectal cancer treatment has led to a substantial improvement of autonomic nerve preservation. In addition, use of laparoscopy has allowed favorable results with regards to sexual function. The present paper describes the anatomy and pathophysiology of autonomic pelvic nerves, prevalence of sexual dysfunction, and the surgical technique of nerve preservation in order to maintain sexual function. PMID:23716030

Nagpal, Kamal; Bennett, Nelson

2013-08-01

124

The measurement of sexual selection on females and males  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As in any field of research, the study of sexual selection is subject to ongoing debate over definitions and interpretations of the fundamental concepts involved. These arguments generally promote progress, as they highlight areas where current explanations are incomplete. Here we briefly review two ongoing discussions in the sexual selection literature. First, the definition of sexual selection has received renewed interest in light of increasing research effort into when and how it operates in females. Second, how best to measure sexual selection is an ongoing subject of debate; in practice, recognition that the appropriate measures depend on the focus of the specific study, and that multiple measures should be employed wherever possible, seems to provide the most informative approach. The wide scope of recent empirical work in these and related areas, with the application of new techniques and approaches, reflects that the field of sexual selection is being constantly expanded and enriched [Current Zoology 59 (4): 558–563, 2013].

Karoline FRITZSCHE, Isobel BOOKSMYTHE

2013-01-01

125

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos.Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e Silva; Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão; Flavia Raquel Rosa Junqueira

2008-01-01

126

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas/ The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o m? (more) ?dico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos. Abstract in english Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the (more) sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lara, Lúcia Alves da Silva; Silva, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e; Romão, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata; Junqueira, Flavia Raquel Rosa

2008-06-01

127

Traumatic sexuality after intrafamilial sexual abuse: a case report with compulsive sexual behaviour  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is one of the most diffucult issue to be talked over and studied. All instances of abuse are not recognized or reported because of shame and guilt feelings, or hidden from other family members. It can lead to both immediate and long-term adverse behavioral and psychological effects that carry over into adulthood. A causal model identifying rehationship among sexual abuse situation characteristics, based on Finkelhor and Browne?s traumagenic model of childhood sexual abuse has four traumatic dynamics, including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness and stigmatization. Traumatic sexuality can be defined as deviation of the development of sexual feelings and attitudes from normal. The documented long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse on adult functioning include affective disorders, self destructive behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder and disturbed interpersonal relationships. In this article, we present a case with sexual obsessions and compulsive sexual behaviours, which developed after intrafamilial sexual abuse.

Yavuz Selvi; P?nar Güzel Özdemir; Abdullah Atli; Songül Gündo?du K?ran

2011-01-01

128

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... common STDs that are caused by viruses are AIDS, genital herpes, and genital warts. This section discusses each of them in greater detail. AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused ...

129

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. Usually infections ... be very successful. These diseases include HIV, herpes, hepatitis and human papillomavirus. If you never take part ...

130

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get nourishment from ... called crabs, are an example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. ...

131

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. ... that are caused by viruses are AIDS, genital herpes, and genital warts. This section discusses each of ...

132

Pollination: sexual mimicry abounds.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Why do plants mimic female insects to attract males for pollination? A new study gives insights into the advantages of sexual mimicry and documents this pollination system for the first time outside the orchid family, in a South African daisy.

Schiestl FP

2010-12-01

133

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... are caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get ... example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. They cling together to ...

134

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... about your partner’s sexual history. The following are 7 tips that can help prevent STDs: 1. Correctly ... vagina and increases the risk of getting STDs. 7. Avoid anal intercourse. If it is preferred, use ...

135

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most prevalent female sexual dysfunction, with estimates of prevalence approximating 10%. By definition it is a deficiency of sexual desire that causes distress. HSDD has no single cause, but physiological, psychological and socio-cultural factors underpinning female sexual desire may all be important in its development. RECENT FINDINGS: Medical therapeutic strategies to date have concentrated on modulation of hormone levels, particularly androgen administration, yet few products have been approved for the treatment of HSDD in developed countries. More recent medical targets have included agents with 5-hydroxytryptamine agonist activity. Psychological therapeutic approaches have been infrequently studied but concentrate on cognitive behavioural therapy. SUMMARY: HSDD is an evolving diagnosis, the existence of which has been questioned by some critics. Whilst HSDD remains the subject of ongoing research, its title and definition are under debate as a new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association approaches publication in 2012.

Davison SL

2012-08-01

136

Multidimensional characterization of sexual minority adolescents' sexual safety strategies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths' risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers'. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19. Data collection took place anonymously online. We identified four specific subgroup profiles for males and three for females, with each subgroup representing a different level and type of sexual safety. Profiles differed from each other in terms of age and outness for males, and in outness, personal homonegativity, and amount of education received about sexual/romantic relationships for females. Youths' sexual safety profiles have practice implications for sexuality educators, health care professionals, and parents.

Masters NT; Beadnell B; Morrison DM; Hoppe MJ; Wells EA

2013-10-01

137

After Breast Cancer: Sexual Functioning of Sexual Minority Survivors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Research on sexual difficulties after cancer has neglected sexual minority women (SMW); for example, lesbian and bisexual women. Clinicians treating these women are therefore at a disadvantage as they lack information about sexual problems in this population. This study tested the hypothesis that SMW with breast cancer have poorer sexual function than SMW without breast cancer, distinguishing partnered from unpartnered women. Using convenience sample recruitment, we conducted a case-control study to compare survivors of breast cancers who are SMW, in other words, cases to controls, that is, SMW without cancer. Anonymous survey data were collected from 85 cases after they had completed active cancer treatment and 85 age- and partner-status matched controls with no history of any cancer. Participants' self-reported sexual frequency and sexual function measured by the Female Sexual Function Index were evaluated. Cases and controls did not differ in risk of sexual dysfunction or the level of overall sexual functioning; however, cases had lower sexual frequency and scored lower on desire and ability to reach orgasm, and higher on pain compared to controls. Results inform clinicians about sexual minority survivors' sexual domains affected by cancer. When discussing sexual problems and therapeutic options, sexual orientation should be ascertained.

Boehmer U; Ozonoff A; Timm A; Winter M; Potter J

2013-06-01

138

The implications of sexual narcissism for sexual and marital satisfaction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, we examined the extent to which the facets of a domain-specific measure of sexual narcissism accounted for the trajectories of own and partner sexual and marital satisfaction over the first five years of 120 new marriages. Three of the four facets of sexual narcissism (sexual exploitation, sexual entitlement, and low sexual empathy) were negatively associated with both trajectories. The fourth facet (sexual skill) was positively associated with both trajectories. Notably, sexual satisfaction mediated the effect of every facet of sexual narcissism on marital satisfaction. A global assessment of narcissism was not associated with either trajectory of satisfaction. These findings highlight (1) the importance of narcissistic tendencies for sexual processes, (2) the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality in research on sexual behavior, and (3) the importance of examining the implications of the specific facets of personality constructs.

McNulty JK; Widman L

2013-08-01

139

After Breast Cancer: Sexual Functioning of Sexual Minority Survivors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on sexual difficulties after cancer has neglected sexual minority women (SMW); for example, lesbian and bisexual women. Clinicians treating these women are therefore at a disadvantage as they lack information about sexual problems in this population. This study tested the hypothesis that SMW with breast cancer have poorer sexual function than SMW without breast cancer, distinguishing partnered from unpartnered women. Using convenience sample recruitment, we conducted a case-control study to compare survivors of breast cancers who are SMW, in other words, cases to controls, that is, SMW without cancer. Anonymous survey data were collected from 85 cases after they had completed active cancer treatment and 85 age- and partner-status matched controls with no history of any cancer. Participants' self-reported sexual frequency and sexual function measured by the Female Sexual Function Index were evaluated. Cases and controls did not differ in risk of sexual dysfunction or the level of overall sexual functioning; however, cases had lower sexual frequency and scored lower on desire and ability to reach orgasm, and higher on pain compared to controls. Results inform clinicians about sexual minority survivors' sexual domains affected by cancer. When discussing sexual problems and therapeutic options, sexual orientation should be ascertained. PMID:23730713

Boehmer, Ulrike; Ozonoff, Al; Timm, Alison; Winter, Michael; Potter, Jennifer

2013-06-01

140

[Sexually active adolescents  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

For today's teenagers, sex education has to go beyond simply handling out information. Young people are becoming sexually active at an earlier age than ever before. Nurses must therefore gear their teaching efforts to individual needs. The author looks at the factors that influence teenage sexual behavior and suggests support in the areas of health, contraception, interpersonal relations and values. The challenge is to arouse teenagers' sense of responsibility.

Doucet-Amyotte P

1990-02-01

 
 
 
 
141

[Acquiring a sexual identity].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Progressive acquisition from childhood onwards to adulthood of a procreative and psycho-emotional sexual identity is presented in all its bio-psycho-social complexity. Gender identity disorders (GDI) and the different sexual orientations (hetero-, homo- or bisexual) are included with their possible etiologies. Different medico-psycho-social programs and projects are presented targeting persons having difficulties in this developmental process of their identity.

Kjellberg G

2013-03-01

142

Sexual rights: meanings, controversies, and sexual health promotion.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

For nearly two decades the term sexual rights has been increasingly used in multiple disciplines, including family planning, public health, and sexology, as well as in advocacy campaigns for groups working to expand sexual health services and to promote nondiscrimination policies for those with nonnormative sexual or gender identities. International organizations such as the World Health Organization, the World Association of Sexual Health, and the International Planned Parenthood Federation have all presented lists of sexual rights and given arguments for why sexual rights are human rights. Nevertheless, I argue that a comprehensive understanding of human/sexual rights is lacking not only by many in sexuality fields but also by the vast majority of the general public. I agree with those who stress that applications of sexual rights are often not straightforward; rather they involve complexities and critical analyses of multiple areas. In this article, I discuss principles of human rights and rights-based approaches to sexual health policies, describe conceptualizations of sexual rights, and present views about controversies and advantages of using sexual rights frameworks. My aim is to promote an understanding of discourses about and applications of sexual rights. Such understanding can be a starting point for those who want to integrate rights principles into their work.

Lottes IL

2013-01-01

143

[Medical students' sexuality--development and fulfilment of sexual needs].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Education in human sexual physiology and pathology, as well as own sexual health of medical doctors determines in a large proportion the ability to talk with patients about their sexual disorders. Therefore the authors considered important to collect and assess data regarding sexual health and development of Medical Faculty students. AIM: Analysis of selected aspects of psychosexual development and sex life of IVth grade medical students. METHODS: We applied the self-report Questionnaire of Satisfaction with Sexual Life (KSS2), an instrument created to assess sexual problems in patients treated with group psychotherapy. Medical students filled the questionnaire when attending the courses of Psychopathology of neurotic disorders or Psychotherapy. RESULTS: Analysis of the collected data revealed a relatively high differentiation of the studied group in regard of satisfaction and experiences with sexual life, attitudes towards masturbation, relationships and sexual activity. Regarding some aspects, significant differences between women and men occurred. CONCLUSIONS: A set of factors were identified, some of them may negatively influence medical doctor's competencies in the domain of sexual health. These are not having sexual debut or even lack of any erotic experiences and lack of sexual satisfaction. The results indicate a significant prevalence of factors, which may impede students education as well as taking into consideration the sexual issues during the medical interview. Assessment of influence of students' and doctors' own sexuality on their competencies in diagnostics and treatment requires further studies.

Müldner-Nieckowski ?; Klasa K; Soba?ski JA; Rutkowski K; Dembi?ska E

2012-01-01

144

Sexual behaviour and sexual health of Australian prisoners.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To describe prisoners' sexual experiences and sexual practices while in the community, sexual identities, and sexual health (e.g. self-reported exposure to sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and female reproductive outcomes) using data from the Sexual Health and Attitudes of Australian Prisoners (SHAAP) survey. METHODS: This study used a computer-assisted telephone interview to screen randomly selected prisoners using a questionnaire based on the Australian Study of Health and Relationships survey. RESULTS: 2351 men and women prisoners from New South Wales and Queensland took part in the survey. Most men identified as heterosexual (95.7%) and reported sexual attraction (91.0%) and sexual experiences (86.6%) only with the opposite sex, but 28.5% of women prisoners identified as bisexual. Sexual attraction correlated with sexual experience (men: r=0.63; women: r=0.84) more than with sexual identity (men: r=0.53; women: r=0.54). Male prisoners reported more lifetime opposite-sex partners than women prisoners (median 24 v. 10). Women prisoners were more likely than men to report a prior STI (35.1% v. 20.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Prisoners are a high-risk group with regard to sexual health. There is a need for a better understanding of the sexual health of this population group so that education campaigns and interventions specific to this population group can be developed.

Butler T; Malacova E; Richters J; Yap L; Grant L; Richards A; Smith AM; Donovan B

2013-03-01

145

What about sexual life after therapy for prostate cancer?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The precise assessment of sexual dysfunction after treatment of prostatic cancer cannot be avoided in 2002. These iatrogenic complications may significantly alter the quality of life of the patients. In addition, sexual toxicity is progressively becoming a cardinal parameter for the treatment choice, both for the patient and the physician. Significant efforts allowed to reduce sexual toxicity after therapy in the recent years. As an example, nerve-sparing surgical techniques have been proposed, whenever reasonable. However, in spite of these surgical advances, data suggest that overall, the new irradiation techniques (conformal radiotherapy and brachytherapy) are responsible for less alteration of sexual life than surgery. Another potential advantage is that sildenafil (Viagra) is able to restore potency in a majority of cases after radiotherapy, while it is usually poorly effective after surgery. (author)

2002-01-01

146

Using visual modelling to study the evolution of lizard coloration: sexual selection drives the evolution of sexual dichromatism in lacertids.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual selection has been invoked as a major force in the evolution of secondary sexual traits, including sexually dimorphic colourations. For example, previous studies have shown that display complexity and elaborate ornamentation in lizards are associated with variables that reflect the intensity of intrasexual selection. However, these studies have relied on techniques of colour analysis based on human - rather than lizard - visual perception. Here, we use reflectance spectrophotometry and visual modelling to quantify sexual dichromatism considering the overall colour patterns of lacertids, a lizard clade in which visual signalling has traditionally been underrated. These objective methods of colour analysis reveal a large, previously unreported, degree of sexual dichromatism in lacertids. Using a comparative phylogenetic approach, we further demonstrate that sexual dichromatism is positively associated with body size dimorphism (an index of intrasexual selection), suggesting that conspicuous coloration in male lacertids has evolved to improve opponent assessment under conditions of intense male-male competition. Our findings provide the first evidence for the covariation of sexual dichromatism and sexual size dimorphism in lacertids and suggest that the prevalent role of intrasexual selection in the evolution of ornamental coloration is not restricted to the iguanian lineage, but rather may be a general trend common to many diurnal lizards.

Pérez I de Lanuza G; Font E; Monterde JL

2013-08-01

147

Using visual modelling to study the evolution of lizard coloration: sexual selection drives the evolution of sexual dichromatism in lacertids.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual selection has been invoked as a major force in the evolution of secondary sexual traits, including sexually dimorphic colourations. For example, previous studies have shown that display complexity and elaborate ornamentation in lizards are associated with variables that reflect the intensity of intrasexual selection. However, these studies have relied on techniques of colour analysis based on human - rather than lizard - visual perception. Here, we use reflectance spectrophotometry and visual modelling to quantify sexual dichromatism considering the overall colour patterns of lacertids, a lizard clade in which visual signalling has traditionally been underrated. These objective methods of colour analysis reveal a large, previously unreported, degree of sexual dichromatism in lacertids. Using a comparative phylogenetic approach, we further demonstrate that sexual dichromatism is positively associated with body size dimorphism (an index of intrasexual selection), suggesting that conspicuous coloration in male lacertids has evolved to improve opponent assessment under conditions of intense male-male competition. Our findings provide the first evidence for the covariation of sexual dichromatism and sexual size dimorphism in lacertids and suggest that the prevalent role of intrasexual selection in the evolution of ornamental coloration is not restricted to the iguanian lineage, but rather may be a general trend common to many diurnal lizards. PMID:23848517

Pérez I de Lanuza, G; Font, E; Monterde, J L

2013-07-13

148

Sexual Motives: The Impact of Gender, Personality, and Social Context on Sexual Motives and Sexual Behavior - Especially Risky Sexual Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently, scholars from a variety of disciplines have begun to investigate passionate love, sexual desire, and sexual behavior. Specifically, they have begun to investigate questions profound questions as: “Why do men and women engage in sexual liaisons?” “Why do they avoid such liaisons?” In this paper, we will review what theorists have learned about the motives that encourage people to engage in (or to avoid) sexual encounters, focusing specifically about what is know about the influence of gender, personality, and social context on sexual motives. We will close by speculating about the impact of such differing motives on sexual functioning and the prevalence of STIs and AIDs.

Elaine Hatfield; Cheri Luckhurst; Richard L. Rapson

2011-01-01

149

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this article, I address the question of whether pedophilia in men can be construed as a male sexual orientation, and the implications for thinking of it in this way for scientific research, clinical practice, and public policy. I begin by defining pedophilia and sexual orientation, and then compare pedophilia (as a potential sexual orientation with regard to age) to sexual orientations with regard to gender (heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality), on the bases of age of onset, correlations with sexual and romantic behavior, and stability over time. I conclude with comments about the potential social and legal implications of conceptualizing pedophilia as a type of sexual orientation in males.

Seto MC

2012-02-01

150

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, I address the question of whether pedophilia in men can be construed as a male sexual orientation, and the implications for thinking of it in this way for scientific research, clinical practice, and public policy. I begin by defining pedophilia and sexual orientation, and then compare pedophilia (as a potential sexual orientation with regard to age) to sexual orientations with regard to gender (heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality), on the bases of age of onset, correlations with sexual and romantic behavior, and stability over time. I conclude with comments about the potential social and legal implications of conceptualizing pedophilia as a type of sexual orientation in males. PMID:22218786

Seto, Michael C

2012-02-01

151

AYURVEDA AND ITS ROLE IN SEXUAL HEALTH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vaajikarna is one among astangas. Sexuality is not just sexual activity. Vrishya chikitsa of Ayurveda addresses the reasons for sexual inefficiency and directs the use of sexual aphrodisiac herbs, minerals and treatments to enhance the vitality.

Chandramouleeswaran P; Govadhan K

2012-01-01

152

29 CFR 1604.11 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Sexual harassment. 1604.11 Section 1604...BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.11 Sexual harassment. (a) Harassment on the...of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when (1)...

2009-07-01

153

49 CFR 1019.5 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sexual harassment. 1019.5 Section 1019...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 1019.5 Sexual harassment. (a) Members and employees...of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when: (1)...

2010-10-01

154

[Sexual function after radical prostatectomy: update of 2009  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Prostate cancer is more frequently diagnosed in young males. It is then of utmost importance to improve preservation and recovery of sexual function. The surgical technique of radical prostatectomy has evolved and erectile nerve sparing allows now to achieve recovery in an important proportion of selected patients. However, rehabilitation and sexual counselling protocols are rare and may not include the partner. This has led us to propose a specific urologic and sexologic associated management.

Tran SN; Rollini C; Bianchi-Demicheli F; Iselin C

2009-12-01

155

[Impact of aging on sexuality].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Numerous authors on sexual behaviors have studied the link between the persistence of a sexually active life and progressive aging. The knowledge of sexual health in the elderly has shown that biological sexual aging is extremely diverse and heterogeneous in men as well as in women, and contradicts the stereotype of age that would inevitably alter the sexual biological response in each human. Sexual diseases (lubrication, dyspareunia, erectile dysfunction, inability to achieve orgasm) and diseases of aging that impact sexual function have a growing incidence but don't never touch 100% of individuals. There is a decline in sexual interest correlated with the life-span, but the negative effects of age on desire are related to health problems. Moreover, sexual desire is more correlated with personal attitudes toward sexuality than with biological factors and diseases. Several predictors account for the pursuit of an active sexuality (including the presence of a partner, good health, having good sexual self-esteem, enjoyable past experience, an attitude that values the importance of sex in couple relationship), but the most decisive factor to successfully face the specific markers of aging is the ability to adapt to a more sensory sexuality, less focused on performance and coitus.

Degauquier C; Absil AS; Psalti I; Meuris S; Jurysta F

2012-05-01

156

Childhood sexual victimization, pedophilic interest, and sexual recidivism.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to examine the extent to which child sexual abuse (CSA) and particular characteristics of CSA are associated with pedophilic interest and sexual recidivism. METHODS: Subjects were 462 adult male sexual offenders who had been incarcerated in Canadian federal prisons. RESULTS: Compared to sexual offenders who had not been sexually abused, those who had been sexually abused before age 16 sexually offended against significantly younger victims and had significantly more indicators of pedophilic interest. This was the case whether we examined self-reported or officially documented CSA. Offenders who had been sexually abused exclusively by a male had significantly more indicators of pedophilic interest than those who had been sexually abused exclusively by a female. These findings are consistent with past research and theory suggesting that CSA may play a role in pedophilia and sexual offending against children. CSA exclusively by a female abuser predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism than abuse by a male or both a male and female abuser. Among offenders with victims 15 years old or younger, a closer relationship between offender and abuser predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism. The relationship between CSA and sexual recidivism was significantly moderated by actuarial risk. More specifically, CSA predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism among higher risk offenders, but CSA did not predict sexual recidivism among lower risk offenders. This novel finding raises the possibility that CSA may play a role in sexual recidivism for some offenders. CONCLUSION: If future research replicates this CSA by risk interaction and identifies the constructs and processes involved, CSA may be worth considering in risk assessment and treatment. PMID:23517571

Nunes, Kevin L; Hermann, Chantal A; Renee Malcom, J; Lavoie, Kayla

2013-03-18

157

Childhood sexual victimization, pedophilic interest, and sexual recidivism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to examine the extent to which child sexual abuse (CSA) and particular characteristics of CSA are associated with pedophilic interest and sexual recidivism. METHODS: Subjects were 462 adult male sexual offenders who had been incarcerated in Canadian federal prisons. RESULTS: Compared to sexual offenders who had not been sexually abused, those who had been sexually abused before age 16 sexually offended against significantly younger victims and had significantly more indicators of pedophilic interest. This was the case whether we examined self-reported or officially documented CSA. Offenders who had been sexually abused exclusively by a male had significantly more indicators of pedophilic interest than those who had been sexually abused exclusively by a female. These findings are consistent with past research and theory suggesting that CSA may play a role in pedophilia and sexual offending against children. CSA exclusively by a female abuser predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism than abuse by a male or both a male and female abuser. Among offenders with victims 15 years old or younger, a closer relationship between offender and abuser predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism. The relationship between CSA and sexual recidivism was significantly moderated by actuarial risk. More specifically, CSA predicted higher rates of sexual recidivism among higher risk offenders, but CSA did not predict sexual recidivism among lower risk offenders. This novel finding raises the possibility that CSA may play a role in sexual recidivism for some offenders. CONCLUSION: If future research replicates this CSA by risk interaction and identifies the constructs and processes involved, CSA may be worth considering in risk assessment and treatment.

Nunes KL; Hermann CA; Renee Malcom J; Lavoie K

2013-09-01

158

Sexual abuse and incest  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Incest, which is the severest form of child sexual abuse is defined as the sexual behaviours between close relatives whose marriage is illegal or describes inappropriate sexual behaviours within a family relation framework. Incestous relation is accepted as a taboo, therefore it is frequently a secret within the family and is a chronic process which is hard to recognize. It is important to recognize and prevent incest because it is more difficult to be revealed compared to other forms of abuse and results in severe and long term consequences in victims. Physical, emotional and social consequences of incest are very severe and last for a lifetime. Prevention of incest is closely linked to prevention of child sexual abuse. Collaboration of different parts of child protection system, namely, healthcare system, social services, law enforcement and legal systems; and a well structured education of the professionels working in the field as well as sensitive media which helps awareness raising about child sexual abuse may be effective means of prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 159-64)

Figen ?ahin; Medine Ay?in Ta?ar

2012-01-01

159

Motivations and sexual attitudes, experiences, and behavior of sexuality professionals.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined the motivations for entering the field and sexual attitudes, experiences, and behavior of an international group of sexuality professionals. Participants were 252 individuals attending the XVII World Congress of Sexology who completed a questionnaire in English, Spanish or French. Most participants' reported professional rather than personal motivations for entering the field in addition to interest. On average, participants reported little sexual communication with their parents as children. About one-third had experienced unwanted sexual activity as a child. Participants were mostly accepting of a range of sexual activities, although they were less accepting of some behaviors than of others. Twelve of the participants who had engaged in sexual activity with a casual or anonymous partner in the previous 2 years had not used a condom consistently. Participants reported high sexual satisfaction and good sexual communication with their partner. Nevertheless, 45% of the women and 35% of the men reported regularly experiencing one or more sexual problems. Few participants reported that their profession affected their sexual functioning negatively; in contrast most reported that it had positive effects on their sexual functioning. These results suggest that there are few differences between sexuality professionals and the general public.

Luria M; Byers ES; Voyer SD; Mock M

2013-01-01

160

Sexuality and Reproductive Issues (PDQ)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Trials Cancer Statistics Research & Funding News About NCI Sexuality and Reproductive Issues (PDQ®) Patient Version Health Professional Version En español Last Modified: 06/13/2012 Sexuality and Reproductive Issues (PDQ®) Introduction The Prevalence and ...

 
 
 
 
161

Sexual violence in the media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reporting on sexual violence is a challenge even for seasoned war journalists. How should correspondents, news editors and producers report the impact of sexual violence on individuals and communities without causing further distress or danger?

Judith Matloff

2007-01-01

162

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance System presents statistics and trends for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Data demonstrate details which provide information about STD morbidity in the United States, STD prevalence with subgroups and populations which are the f...

163

What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction?  

Science.gov (United States)

Home > Welcome Newsweek readers What is female sexual dysfunction? A woman’s sexual responsiveness is not the same as a man’s. Ignoring its complexity can make difference look like dysfunction. The more ...

164

Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure  

Science.gov (United States)

... Pressure Ages & Stages Listen Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure Article Body Teens are more likely to have ... time they had intercourse. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure “The pressure on teenagers to have sex is ...

165

Sexual disorders in Huntington's disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study assessed the frequency and type of sexual disorders associated with Huntington's disease (HD) in an unbiased sample. Of 39 HD patients and 32 of their partners, 82% and 66%, respectively, had one or more sexual disorders by DSM-III-R criteria. The most frequent for both groups was hypoactive sexual disorder. Significantly more patients who had both inhibited orgasm and increased sexual interest also had paraphilic disorders. Findings support the hypotheses that sexual disorders are frequent among HD patients and their partners and that sexual disorders among HD patients may take the form of increased sexual interest or paraphilias. The association between inhibited orgasm, increased sexual interest, and paraphilic disorders will require further investigation but suggests a possible etiology for some paraphilias.

Fedoroff JP; Peyser C; Franz ML; Folstein SE

1994-01-01

166

Talking Gender and Sexuality  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This edited volume brings together scholars from psychology, linguistics, sociology and communication science to investigate how performative notions of gender and sexuality can be fruitfully explored with the rich set of tools that have been developed by conversation analysis and discursive psychology for analysing everyday practical language use, agency and identity in talk. Contributors re-examine the foundations of earlier research on gender in spoken interaction, critically appraise this research to see if and how it 'translates' successfully into the study of sexuality in talk, and promote innovative alternatives that integrate the insights of recent feminist and queer theory with qualitative studies of talk and conversation. Detailed empirical analyses of naturally occurring talk are used to uncover how gender and sexual identities, agencies and desires are contingently accomplished in conversational practices. Collectively, they pose the important question of what a critical theory of talk, gender andsexuality ought to look like if it is to be sensitive to a politics of conversation analysis.

2002-01-01

167

COMPOSITION FOR IMPROVING SEXUAL WELLNESS  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The invention relates to improving sexual fitness or wellness of both sexes, the male sexual enhancement, the treatment of sexual dysfunction and the health of the sexual vascular system of both sexes with ingredients that consist in a source of proanthocyanidins, a source of arginine, rose hip extracts and/or Quercus robur extracts. The source of proanthocyanidins may be a botanical extract and the source of arginine may be from arginine aspartate.

FERRARI VICTOR; SCHOENLAU FRANK; BURKI CAROLINA

168

Sexually transmitted diseases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases, remain a growing worldwide problem and public health issue. This article covers the epidemiology of STIs, the history and physical findings, screening guidelines, and the general plan to combat STIs. Prevention is discussed using the latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other references. Infections discussed from the standpoint of cause, epidemiology, risk factors, clinical disease, diagnosis, and treatment include gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, syphilis, chancroid, Herpes simplex, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, Herpes papilloma virus, Molluscum contagiosum, and pubic lice.

Markle W; Conti T; Kad M

2013-09-01

169

Sexually transmitted infections.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In developing countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) account for 10% to 20% of adult patients attending government health facilities. A young population, with 36% younger than 15 years, unbalanced male/female ratio(1000:933), increasing urbanization, illiteracy, poverty, sexual promiscuity, and lack of health education account for a high prevalence of STIs. Epidemiologic surveillance system and laboratory diagnostic facilities, especially point-of-care diagnosis, are inadequate in India. Antibiotic resistance in causative pathogens is an important hurdle in their control. Currently, syndromic management is the most common approach in India.

Chugh TD; Gaind R

2012-06-01

170

Sexuality Education as a Ministry  

Science.gov (United States)

The author describes her development from being her religious congregation's sexuality educator to completing doctoral studies and finding her place in the professional sexuality education community. She equates sexuality education to a ministry that reaches out to those in need of knowledge.

Davis, Melanie J.

2011-01-01

171

Sexual dysfunction in multiple sclerosis.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that commonly affects young adults who may be sexually active. Sexual dysfunction is a significant, but often underestimated, symptom of multiple sclerosis, affecting 50-90% of men and 40-80% of women. The types of sexual dysfunction can be categorized in term...

Kessler, TM; Fowler, CJ; Panicker, JN

172

Antipsychotics and Sexual Dysfunction: Sexual Dysfunction - Part III  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Satisfying sexual experience is an essential part of a healthy and enjoyable life for most people. Antipsychotic drugs are among the various factors that affect optimal sexual functioning. Both conventional and novel antipsychotics are associated with significant sexual side effects. This review has presented various studies comparing different antipsychotic drugs. Dopamine antagonism, increased serum prolactin, serotonergic, adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms are all proposed to be the mechanisms for sexual dysfunction. Drug treatment for this has not given satisfactory long-term results. Knowledge of the receptor pharmacology of an individual antipsychotic will help to determine whether it is more or less likely to cause sexual side effects and its management.

Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj; Nagesh Brahmavar Pai; Satheesh Rao

2009-01-01

173

EVALUACIÓN DE LA FUNCIÓN SEXUAL EN MUJERES SOMETIDAS A HISTERECTOMÍA TOTAL Y SUPRACERVICAL POR VÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independientes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109). No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica.Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical procedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109). By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy).

Mario Martínez R; Hugo Bustos L; Rodrigo Ayala Y; Lionel Leroy L; Francisco Morales C; Alejandra Watty M; Carlos Briones L

2010-01-01

174

The relationship between same-sex sexual experience, sexual distress, and female sexual dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: There is little research estimating the occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in women with same-sex sexual experience and none incorporating a key feature of standardized DSM-IV diagnoses-sexual distress. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of FSD in women with and without same-sex sexual experience and whether any effects of same-sex sexual experience on women's sexual functioning are moderated by frequency and type of sexual activity. METHODS: The sample consisted of 5,998 female individuals aged 18-49 years. Prevalence of FSD was assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index and an abbreviated version of the Female Sexual Distress Scale. Measurement of frequency and variation in sexual activity was conducted using a modified version of the Derogatis Sexual Functioning Inventory. Lifetime same-sex experience was assessed with a single question. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence estimates of FSD. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the subsample-specific, mediating role of frequency and mode of sexual activities on FSD. RESULTS: Women with same-sex sexual experience (13.6%) engaged significantly more in all sexual activities (P < 0.01) compared with women without such experience. They further reported significantly more desire (Z = 3.1, P < 0.05) and satisfaction problems (z = 10.6, P < 0.001). When controlling patterns of sexual activities no significant effect of same-sex sexual experience on desire could be detected (OR 1.1, CI 95% 0.9-1.2, P > 0.1), whereas the significant association between same-sex sexual experience and sexual dissatisfaction remained (OR 1.28, CI 95% 1.1-1.6, P < 0.05). Sexual distress was significantly more prevalent in women with same-sex sexual experience (23%) compared with their counterparts (19%). CONCLUSIONS: Same-sex sexual experience is related, both directly and indirectly, to FSD. Testing of the mediating factors underlying this association may offer important clues into the etiology of FSD in general. The results further highlight the need to consider sexual distress as a multidimensional concept.

Burri A; Rahman Q; Santtila P; Jern P; Spector T; Sandnabba K

2012-01-01

175

Sexual Education, Gender Ideology, and Youth Sexual Empowerment.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual education plays an essential role in preventing unplanned pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). School-based sexual education programs, in particular, may be well positioned to address social factors that are empirically linked to negative sexual health outcomes, such as traditional social norms surrounding gender and sexuality. However, youth are seldom granted access to sexual education programs that explicitly address these issues. This study presents findings from a pretest-posttest survey of a sexual education program that did. It was designed for eighth graders (N=95) in the context of a school-community collaboration. The study assessed the links between several components of sexual empowerment, including gender ideology, sexual knowledge, and contraceptive beliefs. Findings link participation in the sexual education program to more progressive attitudes toward girls and women, less agreement with hegemonic masculinity ideology, and increases in sexual health and resource knowledge. Structural equation models suggest that traditional attitudes toward women were significantly related to hegemonic masculinity ideology among both boys and girls, which was in turn negatively related to safer contraceptive beliefs.

Grose RG; Grabe S; Kohfeldt D

2013-09-01

176

[Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture--sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders--especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. AIM: Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas. METHOD: The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO "0" Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disorders. RESULTS: In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education). Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms--'non-sexual', such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.

Soba?ski JA; Klasa K; Müldner-Nieckowski ?; Dembi?ska E; Rutkowski K; Cyranka K

2013-05-01

177

Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas.Method. The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO„0” Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disordersResults. In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education). Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms – ‘non-sexual’, such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances.Conclusions. The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.

Soba?ski, Jerzy A; Klasa, Katarzyna; Müldner-Nieckowski, ?ukasz; Dembi?ska, Edyta; Rutkowski, Krzysztof; Cyranka, Katarzyna

2013-01-01

178

Measurement of risk of sexual violence through phallometric testing.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of phallometric testing to determine risk of sexual violence is becoming more widely recognized throughout the world. This technique involves the precise measurement of circumferential change in the penis from flaccidity to erection in response to both 'normal' and deviant sexual stimuli. Phallometric testing is the only pure measure of sexual arousal, and unlike other physiological measures such as heart rate and GSR it is not influenced by arousal states such as fear and anger. The current published research compares the phallometric testing profiles of incarcerated sexual offenders with those of incarcerated nonsexual offenders. Specifically, the sexual arousal of 100 convicted rapists, pedophiles, and nonsexual offenders is examined. This research identifies what differentiates these groups and what best predicts risk of sexual aggression. Implications of these results include the possibility of using phallometric testing as a screening tool for those who work with vulnerable populations (e.g., child care workers, teachers). The principal benefit of phallometric testing, however, lies in the identification of those incarcerated men who are at greatest risk to sexually reoffend and who should thus be denied release from jail. PMID:19362036

Howes, Richard J

2009-04-09

179

Measurement of risk of sexual violence through phallometric testing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The use of phallometric testing to determine risk of sexual violence is becoming more widely recognized throughout the world. This technique involves the precise measurement of circumferential change in the penis from flaccidity to erection in response to both 'normal' and deviant sexual stimuli. Phallometric testing is the only pure measure of sexual arousal, and unlike other physiological measures such as heart rate and GSR it is not influenced by arousal states such as fear and anger. The current published research compares the phallometric testing profiles of incarcerated sexual offenders with those of incarcerated nonsexual offenders. Specifically, the sexual arousal of 100 convicted rapists, pedophiles, and nonsexual offenders is examined. This research identifies what differentiates these groups and what best predicts risk of sexual aggression. Implications of these results include the possibility of using phallometric testing as a screening tool for those who work with vulnerable populations (e.g., child care workers, teachers). The principal benefit of phallometric testing, however, lies in the identification of those incarcerated men who are at greatest risk to sexually reoffend and who should thus be denied release from jail.

Howes RJ

2009-04-01

180

Exposure to media content and sexual health behaviour among adolescents in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The influence of adolescents' exposure to sexual health content of mass media in their sexual health behaviour in Nigeria is still not clear. Data were gathered through a survey conducted among adolescents aged 12-19 years in Lagos metropolis between November 2009 and February 2010. A multistage sampling strategy was adopted in selecting respondents. Logistic regression technique was utilised in the analysis. The results indicate that the respondents were most frequently exposed to TV (male = 92.2; female = 94.9) and radio (male = 88.2; female = 91.7) media. The odds ratios indicate that sexual health content of mass media significantly predicted condom use, multiple sexual relationship, sexual intercourse and self reported occurrence of abortion in the study sample. The findings imply that positive media sexual health content is likely to promote sexual health among adolescents but negative contents can put adolescents' sexual health in danger. In addition, safe sex can be advanced among adolescents if the media provide accurate information on sexuality, emphasising the dangers of risky sexual practices. Finally, this study posits that accurate portrayal of sexuality in the media would contribute immensely to improving public health in the metropolis.

Wusu O

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
181

Satisfação sexual na demência Sexual satisfaction in dementia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI, PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação sexual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional) do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges.BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, PubMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" and "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional) of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

Marcela Moreira Lima Nogueira; Denise Brasil; Maria Fernanda Barroso de Sousa; Raquel Luiza Santos; Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado

2013-01-01

182

Management of unprotected sexual encounters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

After "unprotected" sexual encounters, sexual history guides risk assessment and testing for sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most prevalent bacterial STI. Sexually active young people (aged < 25 years) should have annual chlamydia testing. Opportunistic STI testing is indicated for population groups at increased risk of STI, including young people, gay and other homosexually active men, and Indigenous people. Gay and other homosexually active men should be regularly tested for HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Indigenous people should be regularly tested for syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Postexposure antiretroviral prophylaxis may be indicated after high-risk sexual encounters.

Couldwell DL

2005-11-01

183

Pornography and Sexual Aggression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pornography in America is a 4-8 billion dollar a year business. Society has long been concerned about the effects obscene material may have on its members. In particular, there are those who claim pornography and sexual aggression is a cause and effect re...

S. D. Van Horn

1991-01-01

184

Sexually transmitted Chlamydia trachomatis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Chlamydia trachomatis infections are the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States. These infections cause substantial morbidity at great economic expense to men, women, and infants. This article provides an overview of this organism, its clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and recommended patient education which can lessen the incidence of this widespread pathogen.

Ferreira N

1997-06-01

185

Sexually transmitted Chlamydia trachomatis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Chlamydia trachomatis infections are the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States. These infections cause substantial morbidity at great economic expense to men, women, and infants. This article provides an overview of this organism, its clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and recommended patient education which can lessen the incidence of this widespread pathogen.

Ferreira N

1996-03-01

186

Sexual Harassment Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

The Jackson Library at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro offers an annotated, hypertext discussion of resources concerning sexual harassment. The recently updated site includes numerous links to federal government and military materials as well as to important Supreme Court decisions. Websites and documents from educational and institutional sources are also linked to and described. Some documents are in .pdf format.

187

DILDO FOR SEXUAL STIMULATION  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The object of the invention relates to a dildo for sexual stimulation, comprising a tubular body (1) with a hollow structure made of a smooth material, such as silicone or rubber, having a shape and size similar to a penis, filled with a non-Newtonian fluid (2), the viscosity of which increases as the tension gradient applied thereto increases.

AGUILERA GALEOTE JOSE ANTONIO

188

Sexually transmitted diphtheria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Diphtheria is caused by diphtheria toxin-producing Corynebacterium species. While classical respiratory diphtheria is transmitted by droplets, cutaneous diphtheria often results from minor trauma. This report concerns the first case of sexually transmitted diphtheria in a patient with non-gonococcal urethritis after orogenital contact.

Berger A; Lensing C; Konrad R; Huber I; Hogardt M; Sing A

2013-03-01

189

Nonvolitional sex and sexual health.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Nonvolitional sex is sexual behavior that violates a person's right to choose when and with whom to have sex and what sexual behaviors to engage in. The more extreme forms of this behavior include rape, forced sex, childhood sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and violence against people with nonconventional sexual identities. More nuanced forms of nonvolitional sex include engaging in sexual behavior that masks one's nonconventional sexual identity, or that protects one's position with peers, or that represents a quid pro quo for the economic support that one obtains within an intimate relationship. The aim of this essay is to highlight the ways in which nonvolitional sex threatens sexual health and to identify strategies for ameliorating this problem. These strategies will have to be as broad in scope as is the problem that they are designed to address. The essay discusses the following strategies to reduce nonvolitional sex: (1) advocacy for sexual rights, gender equality, and equality for individuals with nonconventional sexual identities; (2) primary prevention programs and interventions that offer comprehensive sexuality education that establishes volitional sex and sexual health as basic human rights; (3) health services that routinely ask clients about their experiences with nonvolitional sex in an open and culturally appropriate manner; and (4) secondary prevention programs to meet the needs of victims of nonvolitional sex identified by the "screening" programs.

Kalmuss D

2004-06-01

190

Sexual counseling for the nontherapist.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual health is a part of total health. Sexual problems can cause marital dissolution and emotional impoverishment. The physician is seen as a wise authority figure often and one who can provide sexual guidance and counsel. To be an effective counselor, an obstetrician/gynecologist must acquire sexual knowledge, comfort, and counseling skills. A sexual history is a recommended routine--as part of the new workup, when management of organic problems and treatment (mastectomy, hysterectomy, radical vulvectomy) necessitate inquiry into the patient's sexual practices and sexual value system, and when the patient presents with suspected "functional" or obscure complaints (hyperventilation, palpitations, chronic pelvic pain, recurrent vaginal discharge without obvious pathogens, chronic concerns that everything is all right "down there", cancerphobia). The sexual problem history is readily applicable, especially when a patient presents with an explicit sexual concern. The PLISSIT method is a paradigm that can be utilized effectively with usual referral for intensive therapy (sex therapy) if sexual counseling is ineffectual. The obstetrician/gynecologist can play an important role in facilitating healthful sexual changes in women and couples, enhancing intimacy, and enriching the marital bond. PMID:6488619

Reamy, K

1984-09-01

191

Sexual counseling for the nontherapist.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual health is a part of total health. Sexual problems can cause marital dissolution and emotional impoverishment. The physician is seen as a wise authority figure often and one who can provide sexual guidance and counsel. To be an effective counselor, an obstetrician/gynecologist must acquire sexual knowledge, comfort, and counseling skills. A sexual history is a recommended routine--as part of the new workup, when management of organic problems and treatment (mastectomy, hysterectomy, radical vulvectomy) necessitate inquiry into the patient's sexual practices and sexual value system, and when the patient presents with suspected "functional" or obscure complaints (hyperventilation, palpitations, chronic pelvic pain, recurrent vaginal discharge without obvious pathogens, chronic concerns that everything is all right "down there", cancerphobia). The sexual problem history is readily applicable, especially when a patient presents with an explicit sexual concern. The PLISSIT method is a paradigm that can be utilized effectively with usual referral for intensive therapy (sex therapy) if sexual counseling is ineffectual. The obstetrician/gynecologist can play an important role in facilitating healthful sexual changes in women and couples, enhancing intimacy, and enriching the marital bond.

Reamy K

1984-09-01

192

[Can we treat sexual addiction ?].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual addiction or sexual dependence is characterized by hypersexuality, impaired regulation of sexual desire and sexual compulsivity, including having sex with uncontrolled excessive frequency (5 to 15 sexual acts per day for more than 6 months, from 15 years old). Between 3% and 6% of the adult population (> or =18 years) would have the characteristics of sexual addiction, disorder prevalent in the male population. The addictive processes affect three behavioral domains : motivation-reward, affect regulation and behavioral inhibition. Sex addiction is usually accompanied by other addictions, such as abuse of drugs or alcohol or sex toys that enhance sexual performance. Psychiatric comorbidities can be found : anxiety disorders, mood disorders. Several forms of treatment have been tried, using medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychotherapy sessions alternated with exposure therapy in virtual reality. In this article, we will discuss the multiple definitions of hypersexuality and the possibilities of therapeutic approaches.

Inescu Cismaru A; Andrianne R; Triffaux F; Triffaux JM

2013-05-01

193

Satisfação sexual na demência/ Sexual satisfaction in dementia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI, PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação s (more) exual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional) do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, PubMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" an (more) d "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional) of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

Nogueira, Marcela Moreira Lima; Brasil, Denise; Sousa, Maria Fernanda Barroso de; Santos, Raquel Luiza; Dourado, Marcia Cristina Nascimento

2013-01-01

194

High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

High-risk sexual offenders are a complex and heterogeneous group of offenders about whom researchers, clinicians, and law enforcement agencies still know relatively little. In response to the paucity of information that is specifically applicable to high-risk offenders, the present study investigated the potential influence of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, and psychopathy on the offending behaviour of 139 of the highest risk sexual offenders in one province of Canada. The sample included 41 child molesters, 42 rapists, 18 rapist/molesters, 30 mixed offenders, and 6 "other" sexual offenders. Two offenders could not be categorized by type due to insufficient file information. Data analyses revealed significant differences between offender types for a number of criminal history variables including past sexual and nonsexual convictions, number of victims, weapon use, and age of offending onset. Further, there were significant differences between offender types for sexual fantasy themes, paraphilia diagnoses, and levels of psychopathy. For example, results revealed that offenders' sexual fantasies were significantly more likely to correspond with the specific type of index sexual offence that they had committed. Further, offenders scoring high in psychopathy were significantly more likely to have a sadistic paraphilia than offenders with either low or moderate psychopathy scores. Results from the current study provide a refined and informed understanding of sexual offending behaviour with important implications for future research, assessment, and treatment, as well as law enforcement practices when working with high-risk sexual offenders.

Woodworth M; Freimuth T; Hutton EL; Carpenter T; Agar AD; Logan M

2013-03-01

195

High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics.  

Science.gov (United States)

High-risk sexual offenders are a complex and heterogeneous group of offenders about whom researchers, clinicians, and law enforcement agencies still know relatively little. In response to the paucity of information that is specifically applicable to high-risk offenders, the present study investigated the potential influence of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, and psychopathy on the offending behaviour of 139 of the highest risk sexual offenders in one province of Canada. The sample included 41 child molesters, 42 rapists, 18 rapist/molesters, 30 mixed offenders, and 6 "other" sexual offenders. Two offenders could not be categorized by type due to insufficient file information. Data analyses revealed significant differences between offender types for a number of criminal history variables including past sexual and nonsexual convictions, number of victims, weapon use, and age of offending onset. Further, there were significant differences between offender types for sexual fantasy themes, paraphilia diagnoses, and levels of psychopathy. For example, results revealed that offenders' sexual fantasies were significantly more likely to correspond with the specific type of index sexual offence that they had committed. Further, offenders scoring high in psychopathy were significantly more likely to have a sadistic paraphilia than offenders with either low or moderate psychopathy scores. Results from the current study provide a refined and informed understanding of sexual offending behaviour with important implications for future research, assessment, and treatment, as well as law enforcement practices when working with high-risk sexual offenders. PMID:23395507

Woodworth, Michael; Freimuth, Tabatha; Hutton, Erin L; Carpenter, Tara; Agar, Ava D; Logan, Matt

2013-02-08

196

Sexual Compulsivity and Interpersonal Functioning: Sexual Relationship Quality and Sexual Health in Gay Relationships.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective: The present study examined the role of sexual compulsivity (SC) in four aspects of interpersonal functioning relevant to main partnerships-sexual satisfaction, sexual communication, the presence of weekly sexual activity with main partner, and the number of recent casual male sex partners (i.e., outside of the relationship) with whom participants had unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). Method: Data were collected using a street-intercept strategy from both members of 172 gay male couples (N = 344 individuals) attending gay-community events together. SC was measured using the Sexual Compulsivity Scale; sexual satisfaction using a modified version of the Sexual Functioning Inventory (SFI); and sexual communication using a shortened version of the Dyadic Sexual Communication (DSC) Scale. Results: Men high on SC were as likely to be partnered with men low on SC as they were to be partnered with others having high levels of SC. SC was negatively associated with sexual satisfaction and sexual communication. Individuals with higher SC scores and those whose partners had higher SC scores engaged in UAI with a greater number of male partners outside their relationship. SC was unrelated to frequency of sex with main partners. Conclusion: SC was associated with lower sexual relationship quality and increased potential for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission from a casual partner and subsequent transmission to (or reinfection with) a primary partner. Couples interventions for SC may be relevant to individual and public health. They provide a platform to practice communication skills, identify preferred sexual activities, and negotiate sexual safety. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

Starks TJ; Grov C; Parsons JT

2013-01-01

197

Dance and sexuality: many moves.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This literature review of dance and sexual expression considers dance and religion, dance and sexuality as a source of power, manifestations of sexuality in Western theater art and social dance, plus ritual and non-Western social dance. Expressions of gender, sexual orientation, asexuality, ambiguity, and adult entertainment exotic dance are presented. Prominent concerns in the literature are the awareness, closeting, and denial of sexuality in dance; conflation of sexual expression and promiscuity of gender and sexuality, of nudity and sexuality, and of dancer intention and observer interpretation; and inspiration for infusing sexuality into dance. Numerous disciplines (American studies, anthropology, art history, comparative literature, criminology, cultural studies, communication, dance, drama, English, history, history of consciousness, journalism, law, performance studies, philosophy, planning, retail geography, psychology, social work, sociology, and theater arts) have explored dance and sexual expression, drawing upon the following concepts, which are not mutually exclusive: critical cultural theory, feminism, colonialism, Orientalism, postmodernism, poststructuralism, queer theory, and semiotics. Methods of inquiry include movement analysis, historical investigation, anthropological fieldwork, autoethnography, focus groups, surveys, and self-reflection or autobiographical narrative. Directions for future exploration are addressed.

Hanna JL

2010-03-01

198

[Male sexual dysfunctions and homosexuality].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The homosexuality, which expresses itself through a varied and complex behavior that those whom are shared by the heterosexual majority, is not that a simple sexual behavior, obvious or not, but a whole set of attitudes, affects, preferences, values, lifestyle which concern profoundly the individual, as the heterosexuality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature using PubMed database has been performed to select 38 articles. RESULTS: Among sexual difficulties met by the gays, erectile dysfunction and hypoactive sexual desire are the more frequent. Concerning the ejaculation disorders observed in the gay population, premature ejaculation is rather rare in comparison with heterosexual men; however delayed ejaculation or anejaculation are more frequent. Painful sexual disorders in particular anodyspareunia are also reported. Sexual disorder management must follows the classic rules but it is necessary to be aware how to approach the specific questions affecting the homosexual persons. Still the homosexual person has to find a competent therapist, "opened" to the sexual problem of the homosexuals, with the aim of a care privileging the efficiency to efficacy in the respect for the truth of the homosexual person. CONCLUSION: The homosexuality is the only one of the "unusual" sexual conducts to possibly concern the daily medical practice due to is prevalence. The management of sexual dysfunctions must privilege the "meeting" in a quest of sense in front of any sexual symptom, whatever the individual sexual orientation.

Leuillet P; Cour F; Droupy S

2013-07-01

199

Dance and sexuality: many moves.  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review of dance and sexual expression considers dance and religion, dance and sexuality as a source of power, manifestations of sexuality in Western theater art and social dance, plus ritual and non-Western social dance. Expressions of gender, sexual orientation, asexuality, ambiguity, and adult entertainment exotic dance are presented. Prominent concerns in the literature are the awareness, closeting, and denial of sexuality in dance; conflation of sexual expression and promiscuity of gender and sexuality, of nudity and sexuality, and of dancer intention and observer interpretation; and inspiration for infusing sexuality into dance. Numerous disciplines (American studies, anthropology, art history, comparative literature, criminology, cultural studies, communication, dance, drama, English, history, history of consciousness, journalism, law, performance studies, philosophy, planning, retail geography, psychology, social work, sociology, and theater arts) have explored dance and sexual expression, drawing upon the following concepts, which are not mutually exclusive: critical cultural theory, feminism, colonialism, Orientalism, postmodernism, poststructuralism, queer theory, and semiotics. Methods of inquiry include movement analysis, historical investigation, anthropological fieldwork, autoethnography, focus groups, surveys, and self-reflection or autobiographical narrative. Directions for future exploration are addressed. PMID:20358462

Hanna, Judith Lynne

2010-03-01

200

Comportamiento sexual y ansiedad/ Sexual behavior and anxiety  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el presente trabajo se revisarán las investigaciones con animales no humanos que atañen a la relación existente entre comportamiento sexual y ansiedad. Por una parte, los resultados más relevantes indican que el comportamiento sexual posee un efecto de tipo ansiolítico o atenuante del estrés, que se manifiesta tanto en la conducta de los sujetos como a niveles fisiológicos o neuroendocrinos. Por otra parte, hay estudios que hacen referencia a la relación de signo contrario, es decir, cómo el estrés afecta el comportamiento sexual de los animales. Abstract in english The present work reviews the research about the relation between sexual behavior and anxiety in animals. The most relevant results suggest that sexual behavior has an anxiolytic-like effect. This phenomenon is expressed on the subject's behavior, besides the physiological and neuroendocrine levels. Also, the review includes studies about the opposite relation, it means, how the stress affects the animal's sexual behavior.

Nadia, Romina Justel; Bentosela, Mariana; Mustaca, Alba Elisabeth

2009-12-01

 
 
 
 
201

[Adolescence and sexuality: sexual scripts from the social representations].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study aimed to identify the social representations of adolescents about sexuality, from their personal experiences. The research, of a qualitative and representational nature, was carried out with thirteen teenagers in a unit of education for young and adults. It has, as instrument for data collection, a semi-structured interview and focus group meetings. It was observed the coexistence of questions regarding sexuality and its relation to the sexual act itself; absence of dialogue between parents and children about this theme; and incipient school approach, with limitations of the contents about condom use. In this study, the social representations are anchored in sexuality as sexual act, objectified through social and sexual scripts, which gives teens a practical knowledge about themselves.

Macedo Sda R; Miranda FA; Pessoa Júnior JM; Nóbrega VK

2013-01-01

202

Sexualization and lifestyle impulsivity: clinically valid discriminators in sexual offenders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Following clinical observations in this study a comparison was undertaken between nonsexualized rapists, sexualized rapists, and pedophilic child molesters in terms of psychometric measures, criminological data, and DSM-IV diagnoses following the authors' hypotheses that nonsexualized and sexualized rapists differ in respect of psychiatric comorbidity and criminal history and sexualized rapists and pedophilic child molesters are more similar as regards to psychiatric comorbidity (anxiety, depression, and aggression) and criminal history variables than nonsexualized and sexualized rapists are. Preliminary findings confirmed the hypotheses: the authors found significant differences between paraphilic and sexualized sex offenders on one hand--regardless whether they had offended against minors or adults--and a group of sex offenders exhibiting a history of high lifestyle impulsivity on the other hand. From a psychiatric clinical point of view, paraphilic or sexualized rapists could be shown to resemble more the pedophilic child molesters. Therapeutic approaches should take these findings into account. PMID:12971185

Eher, Reinhard; Neuwirth, Wolfgang; Fruehwald, Stefan; Frottier, Patrick

2003-08-01

203

[How does summer affect sexual desire?].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual desire involves many different things such as sexual thoughts and images, excitement, expectation and orgasm. Mood has a strong association with sexual desire. Fatigue and depression in particular cause lack of sexual desire. By affecting the state of alertness and energy in humans, sunlight may increase sexual activity.

Kontula O; Väisälä L

2013-01-01

204

[Some legal issues on sexual delinquency].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this article we describe the criminal sexual conducts and their incidence in crime, as well as the psychogenesis of the criminal sexual behaviour, the profile of the sexual delinquent and the most common sexual disturbances found. It shall be mentioned the paraphilic crime, the serial sexual delinquent and their legal consequences.

Romi JC

2009-01-01

205

[Some legal issues on sexual delinquency].  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article we describe the criminal sexual conducts and their incidence in crime, as well as the psychogenesis of the criminal sexual behaviour, the profile of the sexual delinquent and the most common sexual disturbances found. It shall be mentioned the paraphilic crime, the serial sexual delinquent and their legal consequences. PMID:19434300

Romi, Juan C

206

[Young people's sexual experience].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The rise in teenage pregnancy and young people's vulnerability to HIV have been a serious problem. This paper is intended to confront this statement based on its structural concepts (adolescence, youth, teenage pregnancy, and vulnerability) and by a non-exhaustive review of the relevant literature. The current paper discusses the ideas of youth and adolescence to approach the sexuality of young people and adolescents from the perspective of inequalities between different social groups and their access to health and resources for the prevention of diseases like HIV/AIDS as well as contraception. There are multiple paths leading young people to having unprotected sexual relations, and the numbers that surface on pregnancy, STDs, and HIV infection are doubtless lower than the real figures. The data presented herein indicate that the safe-sex approach is still necessary among youth, requiring efforts to produce creative strategies that make sense in different socio-cultural contexts in which young people experience sex.

Villela WV; Doreto DT

2006-11-01

207

Sexual stimulation device  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A sexual stimulation device comprises a casing (2) in which is contained a vibrator unit and connection means in the form of gripping limbs (6, 7) for holding the device to the penis. The connection means extend about the penis in a connection place (P) and a longitudinal axis (c) of the casing (2) is inclined to the connection plane (P) whereby, in use, the casing (2) extends along and away from the penis.

TALBOT NICHOLAS C; MISTRY KETAN; TASKER SEAN J

208

Participant sexual orientation matters.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research participants' sexual orientation is not consistently taken into account in experimental psychological research. We argue that it should be in any research related to participant or target gender. Corroborating this argument, an example study is presented on the gender bias in face recognition, the finding that women correctly recognize more female than male faces. In contrast, findings with male participants have been inconclusive. An online experiment (N = 1,147) was carried out, on purpose over-sampling lesbian and gay participants. Findings demonstrate that the pro-female gender bias in face recognition is modified by male participants' sexual orientation. Heterosexual women and lesbians as well as heterosexual men showed a pro-female gender bias in face recognition, whereas gay men showed a pro-male gender bias, consistent with the explanation that differences in face expertise develop congruent with interests. These results contribute to the growing evidence that participant sexual orientation can be used to distinguish between alternative theoretical explanations of given gender-correlated patterns of findings. PMID:23681015

Steffens, Melanie C; Landmann, Sören; Mecklenbräuker, Silvia

2013-01-01

209

Female sexual arousal disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Definitions and terminology for female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) are currently being debated. While some authors have suggested that FSAD is more a subjective response rather than a genital response, others have suggested that desire and arousal disorders should be combined in one entity. Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a new entity which is suggested to be defined as Restless Genital Syndrome. Aims.? The aims of this brief review are to give definitions of the different types of FSAD, describe their aetiology, prevalence and comorbidity with somatic and psychological disorders, as well as to discuss different medical and psychological assessment and treatment modalities. METHODS: The experts of the International Society for Sexual Medicine's Standard Committee convened to provide a survey using relevant databases, journal articles, and own clinical experience. RESULTS: Female Arousal Disorders have been defined in several ways with focus on the genital or subjective response or a combination of both. The prevalence varies and increases with increasing age, especially at the time of menopause, while distress decreases with age. Arousal disorders are often comorbid with other sexual problems and are of biopsychosocial etiology. In the assessment, a thorough sexological history as well as medical and gynecological history and examination are recommended. Treatment should be based on of the symptoms, clinical findings and, if possibly, on underlying etiology. CONCLUSION: Recommendations are given for assessment and treatment of FSAD and PGAD.

Giraldi A; Rellini AH; Pfaus J; Laan E

2013-01-01

210

Sexual behaviour in cattle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Short duration or weak expression of oestrus are frequently cited as major reasons for poor results when artificial insemination of Bos indicus breeds is attempted. The existing literature on sexual behaviour certainly indicates that oestrus sometimes lasts for only a few hours in Bos indicus, but similar patterns are also reported in Bos taurus animals. The period of sexual receptivity in suckled Hereford or Hereford-dairy cross-breds maintained in small, totally confined groups ranged from 1 to 18 h, with a mean of 4.4 h and a median of 3.5 h. In totally confined Holstein cows the onset of the LH surge always followed the beginning of homosexual activity by 1 or 2 h even when the period of receptivity was very short. Thus, the beginning rather than the end of oestrus should be used for estimating ovulation time. The expression of sexual behaviour is modified by many factors, including environmental conditions, the number of peri-oestrous females in the group and the presence of observers. In Hereford beef, Holstein dairy and probably all other cattle breeds, the variability in duration and intensity of oestrous activity is very large, so generalizations on a typical individual behavioural pattern are not possible. (author). 39 refs, 1 fig., 2 tabs

1990-01-01

211

Participant sexual orientation matters.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Research participants' sexual orientation is not consistently taken into account in experimental psychological research. We argue that it should be in any research related to participant or target gender. Corroborating this argument, an example study is presented on the gender bias in face recognition, the finding that women correctly recognize more female than male faces. In contrast, findings with male participants have been inconclusive. An online experiment (N = 1,147) was carried out, on purpose over-sampling lesbian and gay participants. Findings demonstrate that the pro-female gender bias in face recognition is modified by male participants' sexual orientation. Heterosexual women and lesbians as well as heterosexual men showed a pro-female gender bias in face recognition, whereas gay men showed a pro-male gender bias, consistent with the explanation that differences in face expertise develop congruent with interests. These results contribute to the growing evidence that participant sexual orientation can be used to distinguish between alternative theoretical explanations of given gender-correlated patterns of findings.

Steffens MC; Landmann S; Mecklenbräuker S

2013-01-01

212

Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP). Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible relación con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se apli (more) caron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI) o no (CNI) de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T) y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs). En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinante Abstract in english The sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were app (more) lied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal bio

Sell Lluveras, Jorge Luis; Padrón Durán, Rubén Salvador; García Álvarez, Caridad Teresita; Torres Barbosa, Franz

2001-12-01

213

Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP). Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible relación con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI) o no (CNI) de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T) y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs). En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinanteThe sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM) in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs). Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is important but not determining

Jorge Luis Sell Lluveras; Rubén Salvador Padrón Durán; Caridad Teresita García Álvarez; Franz Torres Barbosa

2001-01-01

214

The effects of autobiographic sexual memory recall on the sexual response of sexually functional men.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this experimental study, we investigated how recalling positive, negative, and affectively neutral autobiographic sexual experiences in their personal history affected the current sexual response of sexually functional male volunteers. Based on an attentional-capacity account of sexual arousal, we predicted that affectively charged autobiographic sexual memory recall, both with negative and positive valence, would negatively impact genital arousal, compared to recalling affectively neutral sexual experiences. We expected that subjective sexual arousal would not be differentially affected by emotional memory valence. We measured subjective and genital response to erotic video fragments in sexually functional volunteers (N = 24) in a within-subjects, repeated-measures design. For the memory manipulation, participants received instructions to visualize and mentally re-experience positive, negative, and neutral sexual episodes from autobiographic memory. Memory instructions were found to result in the expected affective states. As predicted, compared to recalling neutral memory, mean genital response was significantly lower during recalling positive and negative memory. However, contrary to prediction, subjective sexual arousal was affected, when multilevel analysis was performed, including a time effect. The implications of the findings were discussed with respect to the advancement of theory and therapeutic intervention.

van Lankveld J; Martin A; Hubben D; Creutz N; Verboon P

2013-08-01

215

SRIS: Sexuality Research Information Service  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sexuality Research Information Service (SRIS), recently launched by The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, centralizes and disseminates current research findings related to four sexual well-being issues: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, High Risk Sexual Behavior, Male Sexual Response, and Reproductive Hormones and Women's Sexuality and Emotional Well-Being. For each of the four topics, SRIS provides researchers, policymakers, and health care professionals with a fully searchable bibliographic database of selected, current research citations. Many of the detailed citations also include abstracts and commentaries written by specialists at The Kinsey Institute. The databases support a complex search mode that allows users to tag citations and export them to a bibliographic management tool such as ProCite or EndNote (requires a free plug-in, RIS, available at the site).

216

Sexual Victimization, Alcohol Intoxication, Sexual-Emotional Responding, and Sexual Risk in Heavy Episodic Drinking Women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study used an experimental paradigm to investigate the roles of sexual victimization history and alcohol intoxication in young women's sexual-emotional responding and sexual risk taking. A nonclinical community sample of 436 young women, with both an instance of heavy episodic drinking and some HIV/STI risk exposure in the past year, completed childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent/adult sexual assault (ASA) measures. A majority of them reported CSA and/or ASA, including rape and attempted rape. After random assignment to a high alcohol dose (.10 %) or control condition, participants read and projected themselves into an eroticized scenario of a sexual encounter involving a new partner. As the story protagonist, each participant rated her positive mood and her sexual arousal, sensation, and desire, and then indicated her likelihood of engaging in unprotected sex. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that ASA and alcohol were directly associated with heightened risk taking, and alcohol's effects were partially mediated by positive mood and sexual desire. ASA was associated with attenuated sexual-emotional responding and resulted in diminished risk taking via this suppression. These are the first findings indicating that, compared to non-victimized counterparts, sexually victimized women respond differently in alcohol-involved sexual encounters in terms of sexual-emotional responding and risk-taking intentions. Implications include assessing victimization history and drinking among women seeking treatment for either concern, particularly women at risk for HIV, and alerting them to ways their histories and behavior may combine to exacerbate their sexual risks.

George WH; Davis KC; Masters NT; Jacques-Tiura AJ; Heiman JR; Norris J; Gilmore AK; Nguyen HV; Kajumulo KF; Otto JM; Andrasik MP

2013-07-01

217

Adolescent sexuality: a gynecologist's viewpoint.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Adolescent sexuality is affecting a younger age group each year. Diseases and conditions traditionally seen by the gynecologist are now found in both sexes in an age group seen in most cases only by the pediatrician. An awareness of these problems, a willingness to search out sexual involvement, and a close working relationship between the pediatrician and the gynecologist can do much to stem the rising tide of teen-age pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.

Wortman WJ Jr

1983-06-01

218

The sexually sadistic serial killer.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article explores characteristics and crime scene behavior of 20 sexually sadistic serial murderers. The pairing of character pathology with paraphilic arousal to the control and degradation of others is examined as it manifests itself in their murders. Commonalities across murders and across murderers are highlighted, i.e., the execution of murders that are well-planned, the use of preselected locations, captivity, a variety of painful sexual acts, sexual bondage, intentional torture, and death by means of strangulation and stabbing.

Warren JI; Hazelwood RR; Dietz PE

1996-11-01

219

Sexuality and spinal cord injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Spinal cord injury may have a profound effect on the patient's sexuality. In order to maximize the patient's potential, concern and support from health care professionals is needed. This article reviews normal sexual function and changes occurring following spinal cord injury. The PLISSIT model is described and is used to describe nursing interventions designed to deal with the sexual concerns of spinal cord-injured patients. PMID:2973501

Goddard, L R

1988-08-01

220

Sexuality and spinal cord injury.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Spinal cord injury may have a profound effect on the patient's sexuality. In order to maximize the patient's potential, concern and support from health care professionals is needed. This article reviews normal sexual function and changes occurring following spinal cord injury. The PLISSIT model is described and is used to describe nursing interventions designed to deal with the sexual concerns of spinal cord-injured patients.

Goddard LR

1988-08-01

 
 
 
 
221

Condom use during sexual assault.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examines questions about forced unprotected sex. Study objectives include assessing the prevalence of condom use in sexual assault and improving our understanding of the correlates of condom use in sexual assault. We analyze 841 sexual assault complaints reported to three law enforcement agencies. Descriptive data are used to assess the prevalence of condom use in sexual assault and to examine the contextual factors associated with condom use in sexual assault. We conduct logistic regression analysis to examine motivations for condom use during sexual assault. Condom use prevalence rates across the sites range from 11.7% to 15.6%. Few differences exist across jurisdictions regarding the correlates of condom use. Condom use during sexual assault appears to be motivated by three contextual factors. Younger suspects and suspects who use a weapon during assaults are more likely to use a condom. The suspect's use of alcohol is negatively related to condom use. The low rates of condom use found in this study, coupled with the dangers of unprotected sexual contact, suggest that public health efforts must address the needs of victims of sexual assault more carefully.

O'Neal EN; Decker SH; Spohn C; Tellis K

2013-08-01

222

Antidepressant drugs and sexual dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Depressive symptoms and depressive illness are associated with impairments in sexual function and satisfaction but the findings of randomised placebo-controlled trials demonstrate that antidepressant drugs can be associated with the development or worsening of sexual dysfunction. Sexual difficulties during antidepressant treatment often resolve as depression lifts but may persist over long periods, and can reduce self-esteem and affect mood and relationships adversely. Sexual dysfunction during antidepressant treatment is typically associated with many possible causes, but the risk of dysfunction varies with differing antidepressants, and should be considered when selecting an antidepressant.

Baldwin DS; Foong T

2013-06-01

223

Drug addiction and sexual dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article attempts to review the most current and the well-established facts concerning drug addiction and sexual dysfunction. Surprisingly, even though alcohol is prevalent in many societies with many myths surrounding its sexual-enhancing effects, current scientific research cannot provide a solid conclusion on its effect on sexual function. Unfortunately, the same concept applies to tobacco smoking; however, most of the current knowledge tends to support the notion that it, indeed, can negatively affect sexual function. Similar ambiguities also prevail with substances of abuse.

Zaazaa A; Bella AJ; Shamloul R

2013-09-01

224

Exposure to sexual lyrics and sexual experience among urban adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Two thirds of all sexual references in music are degrading in nature, yet it remains uncertain whether these references promote earlier sexual activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex in popular music is independently associated with sexual behavior in a cohort of urban adolescents. METHODS: All ninth-grade health students at three large urban high schools completed in-school surveys in 2006 and 2007. Participants' exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex was computed with overall music exposure and content analyses of their favorite artists' songs. Outcomes included sexual intercourse and progression along a noncoital sexual continuum. Multivariable regression was used to assess independent associations between exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex and outcomes. RESULTS: The 711 participants were exposed to 14.7 hours each week of songs with lyrics describing degrading sex (SD=17.0). Almost one third of participants (n=216) had previously been sexually active. Compared to those with the least exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex, those with the most exposure were more than twice as likely to have had sexual intercourse (OR=2.07; 95% CI=1.26, 3.41), even after adjusting for all covariates. Similarly, among those who had not had sexual intercourse, those in the highest tertile of exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex were nearly twice as likely to have progressed along a noncoital sexual continuum (OR=1.88; 95% CI=1.23, 2.88) compared to those in the lowest tertile. Finally, the relationships between exposure to lyrics describing nondegrading sex and sexual outcomes were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports an association between exposure to lyrics describing degrading sex in popular music and early sexual experience among adolescents.

Primack BA; Douglas EL; Fine MJ; Dalton MA

2009-04-01

225

Sexual function after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n = 29) or traditional colporrhaphy (n = 27) treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (p<0.001). In the traditional colporrhaphy group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001). Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques.

Paulo Cezar Feldner Jr.; Carlos Antonio Delroy; Sérgio Brasileiro Martins; Rodrigo Aquino Castro; Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori; Manoel João Batista Castello Girão

2012-01-01

226

Sexual function after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n?=?29) or traditional colporrhaphy (n?=?27) treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00827528. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (pFemale Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001). Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques.

Feldner, Paulo Cezar; Delroy, Carlos Antonio; Martins, Sergio Brasileiro; Castro, Rodrigo Aquino; Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira; Girao, Manoel Joao Batista Castello

2012-01-01

227

18 CFR 1300.104 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Sexual harassment. 1300.104 Section 1300...VALLEY AUTHORITY § 1300.104 Sexual harassment. It is TVA policy that...that the workplace is free from sexual harassment. Accordingly, all...

2009-04-01

228

SEXUAL HEALTH BEHAVIORS OF ADOLESCENTS IN POKHARA, NEPAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent (10–19 years) is a transition of age during which hazardous sexual health behaviors may be adopted; increasing vulnerability to several kinds of behavioral disorders like drug use, unsafe sexual act leading to reproductive ill health. Objective of the study was to assess sexual health behaviors of adolescents in Pokhara, Nepal. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 15–19 years adolescents studying in grades 11 and 12. Probability sampling techniques were applied. A structured, pretested, envelope sealed self administered questionnaire was distributed among all (1584) adolescents of the 11 and 12 grades of selected institutions. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (16 versions). Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. RESULTS: About 19.37% adolescents had sexual contact and male participation was higher than females (P<0.05). Nearly one fifth of unmarried were found to be involved in sexual activities and most of them had first sex between 15-19 years age (median age 15.26 years). Of those who had sex, 6.91% had adopted all the three: vaginal, oral and anal sexes and majority had single followed by 2-5 sex partners in their sexual intercourse in the last one year and last month. About 13.93% adolescents were found to be indulged in group sex. Most of them had sex with regular partners and commercial sex workers. More than eight out of every ten who had sex had used contraceptive methods and condom was method of choice (94.77%). CONCLUSIONS: Premarital sexual involvement was prevalent among adolescents; sex with commercial sex workers and non commercial sex partners was perceived to be risk. Behavior change intervention strategies need to be formulated and implemented to promote adolescent reproductive and sexual health.

Shrestha Niranjan; Prasad Paneru Damaru; Jnawali Kalpana

2012-01-01

229

Sexuality among Mexican Americans: a case of sexual stereotyping.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to establish an empirical base for the comprehensive study of sexual preferences and practices among Mexican Americans. The sample consisted of 165 Mexican-American (86 male, 79 female) and 99 Anglo (47 male, 52 female) undergraduates. The instrument used was the Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test (SKAT; Lief & Reed, 1972). The first section of the SKAT consists of four attitudes subscales dealing with autoeroticism, abortion, heterosexual relations, and sexual myths. The second section includes 50 true-false items testing knowledge of the biological, psychological, and social facts of human sexuality. The last section focuses on the respondent's sexual value system and practices. The design was a 2 (ethnicity) X 2 (gender) X 4 (religion) X 3 (socioeconomic status) incomplete factorial, in which the effect of interest was ethnicity. This effect was assessed controlling for subjects' age, gender, religious preference, and socioeconomic status. The dependent variables were subjects' sexual attitudes, knowledge, sexual value system, and sexual practices. Tests of significance were undertaken separately for each set of dependent variables, with a correspondingly reduced alpha level. Significant differences were obtained between Mexican Americans and Anglos, in attitudes, knowledge, value system, and practices, in clear support of the hypotheses.

Padilla ER; O'Grady KE

1987-01-01

230

Sexuality among Mexican Americans: a case of sexual stereotyping.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to establish an empirical base for the comprehensive study of sexual preferences and practices among Mexican Americans. The sample consisted of 165 Mexican-American (86 male, 79 female) and 99 Anglo (47 male, 52 female) undergraduates. The instrument used was the Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test (SKAT; Lief & Reed, 1972). The first section of the SKAT consists of four attitudes subscales dealing with autoeroticism, abortion, heterosexual relations, and sexual myths. The second section includes 50 true-false items testing knowledge of the biological, psychological, and social facts of human sexuality. The last section focuses on the respondent's sexual value system and practices. The design was a 2 (ethnicity) X 2 (gender) X 4 (religion) X 3 (socioeconomic status) incomplete factorial, in which the effect of interest was ethnicity. This effect was assessed controlling for subjects' age, gender, religious preference, and socioeconomic status. The dependent variables were subjects' sexual attitudes, knowledge, sexual value system, and sexual practices. Tests of significance were undertaken separately for each set of dependent variables, with a correspondingly reduced alpha level. Significant differences were obtained between Mexican Americans and Anglos, in attitudes, knowledge, value system, and practices, in clear support of the hypotheses. PMID:3820078

Padilla, E R; O'Grady, K E

1987-01-01

231

Contact sexual offending by men with online sexual offenses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There is much concern about the likelihood that online sexual offenders (particularly online child pornography offenders) have either committed or will commit offline sexual offenses involving contact with a victim. This study addresses this question in two meta-analyses: the first examined the contact sexual offense histories of online offenders, whereas the second examined the recidivism rates from follow-up studies of online offenders. The first meta-analysis found that approximately 1 in 8 online offenders (12%) have an officially known contact sexual offense history at the time of their index offense (k = 21, N = 4,464). Approximately one in two (55%) online offenders admitted to a contact sexual offense in the six studies that had self-report data (N = 523). The second meta-analysis revealed that 4.6% of online offenders committed a new sexual offense of some kind during a 1.5- to 6-year follow-up (k = 9, N = 2,630); 2.0% committed a contact sexual offense and 3.4% committed a new child pornography offense. The results of these two quantitative reviews suggest that there may be a distinct subgroup of online-only offenders who pose relatively low risk of committing contact sexual offenses in the future.

Seto MC; Hanson RK; Babchishin KM

2011-03-01

232

Contact sexual offending by men with online sexual offenses.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is much concern about the likelihood that online sexual offenders (particularly online child pornography offenders) have either committed or will commit offline sexual offenses involving contact with a victim. This study addresses this question in two meta-analyses: the first examined the contact sexual offense histories of online offenders, whereas the second examined the recidivism rates from follow-up studies of online offenders. The first meta-analysis found that approximately 1 in 8 online offenders (12%) have an officially known contact sexual offense history at the time of their index offense (k = 21, N = 4,464). Approximately one in two (55%) online offenders admitted to a contact sexual offense in the six studies that had self-report data (N = 523). The second meta-analysis revealed that 4.6% of online offenders committed a new sexual offense of some kind during a 1.5- to 6-year follow-up (k = 9, N = 2,630); 2.0% committed a contact sexual offense and 3.4% committed a new child pornography offense. The results of these two quantitative reviews suggest that there may be a distinct subgroup of online-only offenders who pose relatively low risk of committing contact sexual offenses in the future. PMID:21173158

Seto, Michael C; Hanson, R Karl; Babchishin, Kelly M

2010-12-20

233

The Transmissibility of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Sexually Abused Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper summarizes what is known about, and research needs on, the transmissibility to sexually abused children of the following sexually transmitted diseases: gonorrhea, chlamydia trachomatis, human papillomavirus genital warts, condylomata acuminata, syphilis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginalis, herpes simplex, and human…

Hammerschlag, Margaret R.

1998-01-01

234

Metric Sexual Dimorphism in Permanent Canines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The degree of sexual dimorphism of permanent human canines in cervical buccolingual and mesiodistal diameters was investigated through discriminant analyses. Measurements were recorded in 254 canines from 85 individuals in four populations and sex was estimated with multifactorial morphological methods. Age was similar assessed in order to rule it out as a factor. Tooth and body size were controlled for in three of the populations (56 individuals) by the greatest buccolingual diameter of the right first molar of the corresponding jaw and the coronal diameter of the right femoral head, respectively. Age and tooth and body size were statistically insignificant factor2s (p > 0.05). Inter-observer error varied from 0.04 to 0.17 mm or 0.7-3.0% and was largely insignificant. Student’s t-tests found jaw was significant (p0.05) so measurements for both sides were averaged to increase the sample size. Sexual dimorphism was statistically insignificant for all four diameters individually or grouped with the exception of mandibular buccolingual width. Accuracy values ranged from 49-73% which, adjusted for a generous error margin from sexing techniques, became 39-58%. These results indicate that the landmarks, assemblages, or both do not exhibit significant sexual dimorphism. Future work should consider similar populations with different landmarks and/or the same landmarks on a different assemblage, preferably one of known sex.

Johanna Morgan

2011-01-01

235

Sexual orientation in school context: official speech versus pedagogic quotidian  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to analyze under the view of managers of primary school of the city of Cajazeiras – PB, having the theme “sexual orientation” has been incorporated in the pedagogic practices. Methodology: this is about a qualitative research performed in 2008, with eight managers of public schools, after approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Paraiba with protocol number 1075. The semi structured interview was elected as technique of investigation, and the empiric material obtained was submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content, thematic modality. Results: it was highlighted that there is a commitment of the managers towards the insertion of the sexual orientation in the school context and that investments in the continued formation of educators have been done. However they recognize that the lacks of technical/ emotional preparation of the educators interfere in the effective deepening of this content. Attention is given to natural sciences and prevention education actions. Conclusion: intervention programs that reflect an orientation and/or political decision in the practice previously taken, could not guarantee their execution and/or deployment, as they require the understanding of the context that shapes and determines the representation of the actors. Descriptors: Sexuality; Sexual Orientation; Sexual Behavior

Sandra Aparecida de Almeida, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Gilson Vasconcelos Torres

2010-01-01

236

[Sexual addiction? When sexual behavior gets out of control].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors differentiates deviant (paraphilic) and non-deviant forms of a sexual addictive symptomatology. For the non-deviant forms, the diagnostic term paraphilia-related disorder is used. According to etiological factors, the authors discuss an interaction of a biological vulnerability, attachment and relationship problems, disorders of affect regulation as well as disinhibition of sexual excitation. Some individuals react to negative emotions, like depression or anxiety, with an increased sexual arousal. They may try to cope with negative emotions by being sexually active. However, the importance of the sexual stimulus itself should not be ignored. The authors describe specific psychotherapy, the attendance of self-help groups, and pharmacological treatment, especially with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. PMID:20198357

Briken, P; Basdekis-Jozsa, R

2010-04-01

237

[Sexual addiction? When sexual behavior gets out of control].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors differentiates deviant (paraphilic) and non-deviant forms of a sexual addictive symptomatology. For the non-deviant forms, the diagnostic term paraphilia-related disorder is used. According to etiological factors, the authors discuss an interaction of a biological vulnerability, attachment and relationship problems, disorders of affect regulation as well as disinhibition of sexual excitation. Some individuals react to negative emotions, like depression or anxiety, with an increased sexual arousal. They may try to cope with negative emotions by being sexually active. However, the importance of the sexual stimulus itself should not be ignored. The authors describe specific psychotherapy, the attendance of self-help groups, and pharmacological treatment, especially with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Briken P; Basdekis-Jozsa R

2010-04-01

238

"It ain't all as bad as it may seem": young Black lesbians' responses to sexual prejudice.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the ways in which young, Black lesbians manage their sexual minority identity when experiencing sexual prejudice. Fourteen Black lesbians between the ages of 16 and 24 participated in semistructured interviews. Instances of sexual prejudice and the young women's responses were thematically analyzed using open and axial qualitative coding techniques. Results indicated that participants experienced sexual prejudice frequently and even within the lesbian community. Responses to sexual prejudice included: cognitive reframing of heterosexist messages, passing, gaining support from self-created gay families, and fighting back (physically and verbally) in the event of isolated instances of sexual prejudice. Analysis focuses on how gender identity relates to experiences of sexual prejudice and identity management strategies. Findings suggest that there are parallels between the management strategies of these women and young, Black gay and bisexual males and between these women and Black women who are coping with sexism and racism. PMID:22587360

Reed, Sarah J; Valenti, Maria T

2012-01-01

239

Amelioration of sexual fantasies to sexual abuse cues in an adult survivor of childhood sexual abuse: a case study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although sexual dysfunction of childhood sexual abuse survivors has received considerable attention, other sexual difficulties experienced by survivors of CSA, such as sexual fantasies to cues of sexual abuse, have received less attention. In this A-B design case study, a young adult female survivor of childhood sexual abuse presented for treatment at a Midwest rape crisis center. After successful treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, she complained of unwanted sexual fantasies to sexual abuse cues and concomitant guilt and shame. Following baseline data collection, treatment consisted of self-applied aversion therapy to unwanted sexual arousal to sexual abuse cues. Decrease in sexual arousal to these cues was concurrent with the introduction of treatment. A concomitant decrease in guilt and shame occurred while self-ratings of control increased.

Wilson JE; Wilson KM

2008-12-01

240

Amelioration of sexual fantasies to sexual abuse cues in an adult survivor of childhood sexual abuse: a case study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although sexual dysfunction of childhood sexual abuse survivors has received considerable attention, other sexual difficulties experienced by survivors of CSA, such as sexual fantasies to cues of sexual abuse, have received less attention. In this A-B design case study, a young adult female survivor of childhood sexual abuse presented for treatment at a Midwest rape crisis center. After successful treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, she complained of unwanted sexual fantasies to sexual abuse cues and concomitant guilt and shame. Following baseline data collection, treatment consisted of self-applied aversion therapy to unwanted sexual arousal to sexual abuse cues. Decrease in sexual arousal to these cues was concurrent with the introduction of treatment. A concomitant decrease in guilt and shame occurred while self-ratings of control increased. PMID:18355799

Wilson, Jane E; Wilson, Keith M

2008-01-18

 
 
 
 
241

Predictors of sexual assertiveness: the role of sexual desire, arousal, attitudes, and partner abuse.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study was conducted to test interpersonal, attitudinal, and sexual predictors of sexual assertiveness in a Spanish sample of 1,619 men and 1,755 women aged 18-87 years. Participants completed measures of sexual assertiveness, solitary and dyadic sexual desire, sexual arousal, erectile function, sexual attitudes, and frequency of partner abuse. In men, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, more positive attitudes toward sexual fantasies and erotophilia, higher dyadic desire, and higher sexual arousal. In women, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, less solitary sexual desire and higher dyadic sexual desire, arousal, erotophilia, and positive attitudes towards sexual fantasies. Results were discussed in the light of prevention and educational programs that include training in sexual assertiveness skills.

Santos-Iglesias P; Sierra JC; Vallejo-Medina P

2013-08-01

242

Child sexual abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Background: Child sexual abuse with significant impact on victim's physical, mental and social health has now been recognized as existing on an appreciable scale worldwide. Diversity of opinions exist about the concept, types, prevalence and repercussions along with a paucity of systematic and scientific work in the developing world including Pakistan. Objective: This paper aims at reviewing the literature for clarification of concept, update of estimates and correlates, and to identify lines for future research. Data sources: The literature was search through BMJ-Medline for international data, supplemented by local data through CPSP-MEDLIP service. The search term child sexual abuse with associated sub-heads were used. No constraint of time period, publication type or source applied except english Language version Comparative findings: Wide variations identified in conceptual boundaries with consequent impact on prevalence estimates. Agreement found for its existence as an international problem with rates ranging from 7% - 36% for women and 3% - 29% for men. Female abused 1.5-3 times more than male with exponential high rates in age group 3-6 years and 8-11 years. In 2/3 cases the perpetrator identified belonged to nuclear or extended family. Significant association exists with early onset of psychiatric ailments like substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, dissociative disorders and depression. Conclusion and Suggestion: The need for extensive research studies in immense in developing countries like Pakistan where environmental circumstances suggest its presence at rates higher than the identified elsewhere. In addition to facilitate awareness and perhaps to clarify the concept as well as the prevalence of child sexual abuse researchers need to select methodologies and instruments with international comparison in mind. (author)

2001-01-01

243

Identidad sexual y performatividad  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This text intends to approach the question of sexual identity as it has been defined in queer theory, and particularly in Judith Butler's work. The notion of performativity, closely related to a conception of the social as an open field of power relations where all identity is a contingent and precarious stabilization, leads to a politicization of identity that implies a second step further from its denaturalization. Identity is the place from which we can articulate a resistance politics, and its open and incomplete character is what allows its resignification.

Córdoba García, David

2003-01-01

244

Lenin, sexuality and psychoanalysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

While Trotsky's relatively favourable adherence to Freudian ideas is well documented, little is known about Lenin's attitude toward psychoanalysis. The author's extensive research shows that, far from being the follower of Freudian ideas depicted by some historians, the father of the October Revolution rejected psychoanalytic theory and, in particular, the perspective he considered "idealistic" and the importance attributed to sexuality. Lenin's prudish personality, the influence of his wife Nadezhda Krupskaya and their ideology resulted in the exclusion of psychoanalysis from the construction of the New Man that Marxism was planning to undertake in Russia. PMID:21850802

Chemouni, Jacquy

2004-01-01

245

Lenin, sexuality and psychoanalysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

While Trotsky's relatively favourable adherence to Freudian ideas is well documented, little is known about Lenin's attitude toward psychoanalysis. The author's extensive research shows that, far from being the follower of Freudian ideas depicted by some historians, the father of the October Revolution rejected psychoanalytic theory and, in particular, the perspective he considered "idealistic" and the importance attributed to sexuality. Lenin's prudish personality, the influence of his wife Nadezhda Krupskaya and their ideology resulted in the exclusion of psychoanalysis from the construction of the New Man that Marxism was planning to undertake in Russia.

Chemouni J

2004-01-01

246

Sexual problems among a specific population of minority women aged 40-80 years attending a primary care practice.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Clinicians are embarrassed about discussing sex with patients and do not know how to ask about sexual problems in a way that will optimize honest and open responses. Learning about inquiry responses and the prevalence of sexual problems among specific groups of women, including minority women, can help identify appropriate inquiry and management pathways. AIM: To better understand useful inquiry techniques as well as to describe the prevalence of sexual problems among a specific group of minority women aged 40-80 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Responses to two styles of sexual problem inquiry, direct vs. ubiquity, were compared among sexually active subjects. Prevalence of sexual problems and interest in discussing problems with personal clinician were determined. METHODS: Minority women aged 40-80 years receiving care at one of two Family Health Centers in Brooklyn, New York who could speak English met inclusion criteria. A cross-sectional survey of 212 subjects, the majority being Afro-Caribbean, identified those who were sexually active and then randomly asked about sexual problems using one of two inquiry types: (i) a direct question, such as "Do you have a problem during sex," or (ii) a ubiquity-style question, such as "Many women with diabetes have sexual problems, how about you?" Sexual problems were characterized by recognized phases of female sexual activity. Interest in discussing sexual problems with a personal clinician was determined. RESULTS: Of the 212 women surveyed, 108 (50.9%) were sexually active with 37 (34.3%) of these women responding "yes" when asked about sexual problems using one of the two inquiry techniques. Stratified analysis by age group showed significantly higher reporting of sexual problems when a ubiquity-style inquiry was used among older women aged 61-80 years (P = 0.028) but not among younger ones. The prevalence of sexual problems was 14.8% reporting pain, 12.0% lack of interest, 9.2% lack of excitation, 5.5% lack of orgasm, and 6.5%"other." Forty-three percent of women with problems said they would like to discuss their problem(s) with their clinician. CONCLUSIONS: In a specific minority group of women aged 40 years and older, especially those over age 60 years, ubiquity-style inquiries may encourage more open and honest responses about sexual problems. The most common sexual problem among this group of women was pain. There is willingness and even interest in talking with clinicians about sexual issues. Recognition of sexual problem prevalences helps clarify the high number of women who could be potentially helped with current and future pharmacologic and psychosocial treatments.

Sadovsky R; Alam W; Enecilla M; Cosiquien R; Tipu O; Etheridge-Otey J

2006-09-01

247

Twins with nonconcordant sexual aneuploidy.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a pair of dizygotic twins with different abnormal karyotypes. The chromosome anomaly is a sexual aneuploidy in both cases: 48,XXXXY in one, 47,XXY in the second. The origin of the chromosomal anomaly and the hypothetical relation between sexual aneuploidy and twinning is discussed. It is ...

Garcia-Sagredo, J M; Merello-Godino, C; San Roman, C

248

Teacher Negotiations of Sexual Subjectivities  

Science.gov (United States)

Discrimination often silences and marginalizes those who do not conform to the dominant gender and (hetero)sexual discourses that operate in broader society. This discussion addresses the ways that seventeen self-identified lesbian teachers working in New South Wales (NSW) Australia negotiate their sexual subjectivities at work in order to pass or…

Ferfolja, Tania

2007-01-01

249

Challenging Sexual Harassment on Campus  

Science.gov (United States)

|More than thirty years ago, an administrative assistant at Cornell University first challenged her university's indifference to her boss's sexually predatory behavior. While she did not prevail, her case sparked a movement. Litigation, news stories, and government guidelines defining sexual harassment followed. And universities responded:…

Baker, Nancy V.

2010-01-01

250

Sexual Harassment: It's Not Academic  

Science.gov (United States)

|Sexual harassment of students is illegal. A federal law, "Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972" ("Title IX"), prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, including sexual harassment, in education programs and activities. All public and private education institutions that receive any federal funds must comply with "Title IX." "Title IX"…

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

251

[Anatomy and physiology of sexuality].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Knowledge of the physiology of male and female sexuality has advanced considerably. Initially there is always desire with its biological neuroendocrine components and its emotional field which is particularly marked in women. There is a distinction between "spontaneous" sexual desire related to intrinsic affective, cognitive stimuli, and fantasies, and "reactive" sexual desire in response to physical arousal. There are similarities between men and women concerning the activation of cerebral zones in sexual arousal contexts in laboratory conditions. The neural pathways for sexual arousal are similar between men and women, bringing into play the sympathetic centres of the thoracic and lumbar spinal cord and, at the sacral level, the parasympathetic center and the motoneurons controlling the muscular contractions of the pelviperineal striated muscles. Genital sensitivity is mainly transmitted by the pudendal nerve in both men and women. Sexual arousal in men consists of penile erection, and ejaculation accompanied with orgasm. In women, sexual arousal causes increase in blood to flow to the vagina leading to lubrication and to the vulva leading to the erection of the clitoris and vulvar hyperaemia. The orgasm which can be multiple in women is accompanied by contractions of the striated perineal muscles. Several neurotransmitters are closely involved in the control of sexuality at the central level: dopamine, ocytocin, serotonin, and peripheral: nitric oxide and noradrenaline in men, vasoactive intestinal peptide and neuropeptide Y in women.

Cour F; Droupy S; Faix A; Methorst C; Giuliano F

2013-07-01

252

Firefighting Women and Sexual Harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Survey responses were received from 37 of 103 department chiefs and 206 of 1,108 female firefighters. The 58% who reported sexual harassment indicated greater stress, sexual stereotyping, acts of violence, use of sick leave, and fear. Although most departments have a policy, over half of those harassed did not report incidents. (SK)

Rosell, Ellen; And Others

1995-01-01

253

Sexual Counselling: Use and Abuse  

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Masters and Johnson state that 50 percent of all marriages in North America have some form of sexual dysfunction. If all physicians in North America were to do nothing but sexual counselling 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, there would still not be enough physicians to look after all the problems. T...

Chernenkoff, William; Chernenkoff, Carolyn

254

Psychological consequences of sexual assault.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual violence is an important issue worldwide and can have long-lasting and devastating consequences. In this chapter, we outline the psychological reactions to serious sexual assault and rape, including development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Myths and stereotypes surrounding this subject, and their potential effect on the emotional response and legal situation, are discussed.

Mason F; Lodrick Z

2013-02-01

255

Culture of Prison Sexual Violence.  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this research was a nationwide study of the culture of prison inmate sexual violence. The principal investigators, at the behest of the National Institute of Justice, conducted a socio-cultural study of prison sexual violence in mens and women...

J. L. Krienert M. S. Fleisher

2006-01-01

256

Rehabilitation Aspects of Human Sexuality  

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The PLISSIT model is a comprehensive program that combines educational strategies with behavioral intervention to integrate human sexuality into the initial rehabilitation of spinal cord-injured persons. Sexuality is treated as a health care issue as important as bowel and bladder care, skin care, p...

Madorsky, Julie G. Botvin; Dixon, Thomas P.

257

Standards of Care for Juvenile Sexual Offenders of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Minimal standards for treatment of adult sexual offenders were adopted by the membership of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders (IATSO) at its first membership General Assembly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in May 2000 (Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Eher, et al., 2000; 2003). These standards, initially developed in 1990 with input from attendees at the Second International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (Coleman & Dwyer, 1990; Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Hindman, et al. 1996), were refined by a committee of professionals at the Fifth International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment (Coleman et al., 2000).With these standards in place, the Governing Board of IATSO designated a committee in summer 2004 to develop similar standards for treatment of Juvenile Sexual Offenders. This committee consisted of representatives from a number of countries with differing traditions of sexual offender treatment and juvenile justice, including Austria, Germany, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Developing standards of care for juvenile populations can be a challenging endeavor. Adolescence is a time of rapid change, and thus, there is great heterogeneity in those youths who commit acts that can be defined as sexual offenses. These differences are influenced by the developmental stage of the youth, which may roughly parallel age, and multiple environmental factors. Additionally, studies conducted outside North America find higher base rates of re-offense than those within North America (e.g. Nisbet, Wilson, & Smallbone, 2004; Langstrom & Grann, 2000). This is likely the case because definitions of who is a juvenile offender, what behaviors are sexual crimes, and how the juvenile justice system is organized can differ substantially across countries. These Standards of Care, which were adopted by the membership at the General Assembly of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders in Hamburg, Germany, September 7, 2006, are designed to be minimal guidelines for those developing and implementing treatment interventions for Juvenile Sexual Offenders. These Standards are based on the current state of knowledge on adolescents who commit sexual offences. Most of the available data are from adolescent males and the state of science in this field is still evolving. Thus, the Committee avoided making specific recommendations about particular procedures, techniques, or instrumentation.

Michael Miner; Charles Borduin; David Prescott; Helle Bovensmann; Renate Schepker; Reinmar Du Bois; Joann Schladale; Reinhard Eher; Klaus Schmeck; Thore Langfeldt; Arina Smit; Friedemann Pfäfflin

2006-01-01

258

Can sexual offenders be treated?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

There are many misconceptions about sexual offender treatment. This is not only a problem in the lay press and media but is also a problem amongst mental health professionals. In part, this relates to the inadequate teaching about sexual deviation in medical schools and psychiatric residency programs and even in forensic psychiatric fellowships. Other disciplines, such as psychology, have educated mental health professionals in a more balanced way related to the assessment and treatment of sexual offenders but still the understanding, knowledge and acceptance that sexual offender treatment is available, is evidence-based, and is successful as shown in treatment outcome studies is still misunderstood. This review covers the evidence-based studies that support the efficacy of sexual offender treatment.

Bradford JM; Fedoroff P; Gulati S

2013-05-01

259

Can sexual offenders be treated?  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many misconceptions about sexual offender treatment. This is not only a problem in the lay press and media but is also a problem amongst mental health professionals. In part, this relates to the inadequate teaching about sexual deviation in medical schools and psychiatric residency programs and even in forensic psychiatric fellowships. Other disciplines, such as psychology, have educated mental health professionals in a more balanced way related to the assessment and treatment of sexual offenders but still the understanding, knowledge and acceptance that sexual offender treatment is available, is evidence-based, and is successful as shown in treatment outcome studies is still misunderstood. This review covers the evidence-based studies that support the efficacy of sexual offender treatment. PMID:23702350

Bradford, John M W; Fedoroff, Paul; Gulati, Sanjiv

2013-05-20

260

Sexual diversity in urban Norwegians.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study is to describe homosexual and heterosexual experiences in terms of sexual fantasies, sexual attraction, sexual conduct, and falling in love in an urban Norwegian population. In 1997, a random sample of 5,000 persons (18-49 years) was drawn from the population register in Oslo to participate in a sexual behavior survey. Data collection was carried out by means of postal questionnaires and 45% responded. The results indicated that exclusive homosexuality was rare in the population. One exception was the prevalence of homosexual fantasies in women. Compared to respondents who had had exclusively heterosexual contact, respondents reporting bisexual contacts had a significantly higher number of lifetime sex partners, higher frequency of anal and oral sex and masturbation, and lower age at orgasm and masturbation debut. What significantly separated the groups of exclusive heterosexuals, bisexuals, and exclusive homosexuals were attitudes towards various expressions of sexuality and number of lifetime sex partners.

Traeen B; Stigum H; Søorensen D

2002-11-01

 
 
 
 
261

Etiology of female sexual dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Evaluation of: Burri A, Corina G, Myriam L, Timothy S, Qazi R. A multivariate twin study of female sexual dysfunction. J. Sex. Med. 9, 2671-2681 (2012). This study highlights the complicated nature of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), demonstrating both genetic and environmental factors involved in its etiology. The authors gathered the Female Sexual Function Index scores in a twin population, and examined which dimensions of FSD may be genetically determined or environmentally shared. The results indicate that approximately one-third of the covariance between FSD dimensions was genetic, with one identified loci influencing all phases of the sexual response cycle, whereas the other loci influenced only arousal and orgasm function. They also show that specific types of sexual problems may be related more to nonshared environmental factors. Overall, the results suggest FSD is multifactorial.

Clayton AH; Groth J

2013-03-01

262

Etiology of female sexual dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluation of: Burri A, Corina G, Myriam L, Timothy S, Qazi R. A multivariate twin study of female sexual dysfunction. J. Sex. Med. 9, 2671-2681 (2012). This study highlights the complicated nature of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), demonstrating both genetic and environmental factors involved in its etiology. The authors gathered the Female Sexual Function Index scores in a twin population, and examined which dimensions of FSD may be genetically determined or environmentally shared. The results indicate that approximately one-third of the covariance between FSD dimensions was genetic, with one identified loci influencing all phases of the sexual response cycle, whereas the other loci influenced only arousal and orgasm function. They also show that specific types of sexual problems may be related more to nonshared environmental factors. Overall, the results suggest FSD is multifactorial. PMID:23477319

Clayton, Anita H; Groth, Jena

2013-03-01

263

Sexually transmitted proctitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common etiologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é postergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento.

Sidney Roberto Nadal; Carmen Ruth Manzione

2012-01-01

264

Sexually transmitted proctitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese As retites provocadas por agentes sexualmente transmissíveis são frequentemente confundidas com doenças inflamatórias intestinais, uma vez que as queixas mais comuns, que incluem dor, sangramento e secreção mucopurulenta, e o padrão histopatológico são semelhantes. Dessa maneira, o tratamento é postergado e, algumas vezes, as complicações aparecem. Os agentes mais comuns incluem a Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a Chlamydia trachomatis, o Treponema pallidum e o Herpes (more) simplex. Exames laboratoriais sensíveis e específicos para confirmação diagnóstica são essenciais para o tratamento correto, evitando a disseminação e as sequelas. O objetivo deste artigo foi chamar a atenção para as doenças sexualmente transmissíveis na etiologia das retites, bem como seu diagnóstico e tratamento. Abstract in english Proctitis caused by sexually transmitted agents is usually taken for inflammatory bowel diseases, because of similar complaints, such as pain, bleeding and mucopurulent discharge, as well as the histopathology. Thus, its treatment is postponed and, sometimes, complications appear. The most common etiologic agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Treponema pallidum and Herpes simplex. In order to avoid dissemination and complications, laboratory tests are (more) essential for diagnosis and proper therapy. The objective of this article was to raise awareness to sexually transmitted diseases in proctitis etiology, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.

Nadal, Sidney Roberto; Manzione, Carmen Ruth

2012-03-01

265

Medical sexual treatment device  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The utility model relates to a medical sex curer, in particular to sex curer equipment of sexual disorder, which has the structure that: the bottom end of a fixing housing is provided with a fixing cushion, a fixing strap, a helical return pipe and a helical inlet pipe, a scrotum ring bag is provided with a fixing cushion and a fixing strap, a scrotum ring inlet pipe is connected with the scrotum ring bag, a helical pipe is provided with a helical pipe membrane, a helical inlet pipe, a helical return pipe and an inlet current divider, a hydraulic pump adjuster is arranged at the rear end of the inlet current divider and is connected with a hydraulic pump, a water tank is provided with a water tank cover, the water tank is internally provided with a water heater, a water temperature adjuster and a pressure adjuster are provided with a switch and a power supply, the water temperature controls the water temperature within 35-45 DEG C, and the helical pipe is an oblate cell pipe. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, convenient operation, good feeling, easy water pressure control, water temperature and body temperature coincidence, easy sex time control, long service time and low cost, is not easy to appear ecchymosis on the skin when in sex, and can be widely applied to people with sexual disorder.

YILUN ZHANG

266

Sexual abuse, sexual orientation, and obesity in women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Among adult women an association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and obesity has been observed. Research with lesbian women has consistently identified high rates of obesity as well as frequent reports of CSA, but associations between sexual abuse and obesity have not been fully explored. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between sexual abuse (SA) history and obesity among heterosexual (n = 392) and lesbian (n = 475) women (age 35-64) who participated in the Epidemiologic STudy of HEalth Risk in Women (ESTHER) Project in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. METHODS: Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) > or =30. Covariates included self-reported SA, sexual orientation, demographic factors, and history of a depression or anxiety diagnosis. SA history was assessed by three factors: (1) SA experienced under the age of 18 by a family member or (2) by a nonfamily member and (3) forced, unwanted sexual experience(s) at age > or =18. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that obesity was associated with African American race, lesbian sexual orientation, intrafamilial CSA, and history of mental health diagnosis. Protective factors were having a household income of at least $75,000 and having a bachelor's degree or higher. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that lesbian women may be at greater risk of obesity than heterosexual women and that intrafamilial CSA--regardless of sexual orientation--may play a role in the development of obesity.

Smith HA; Markovic N; Danielson ME; Matthews A; Youk A; Talbott EO; Larkby C; Hughes T

2010-08-01

267

The relationship among sexual attitudes, sexual fantasy, and religiosity.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent research on the impact of religiosity on sexuality has highlighted the role of the individual, and suggests that the effects of religious group and sexual attitudes and fantasy may be mediated through individual differences in spirituality. The present study investigated the role of religion in an ethnically diverse young adult sample (N = 1413, 69% women) using religious group as well as several religiosity domains: spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, paranormal beliefs, and fundamentalism. Differences between religious groups in conservative sexual attitudes were statistically significant but small; as predicted, spirituality mediated these effects. In contrast to the weak effects of religious group, spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, and fundamentalism were strong predictors of women's conservative sexual attitudes; for men, intrinsic religiosity predicted sexual attitude conservatism but spirituality predicted attitudinal liberalism. For women, both religious group and religiosity domains were significant predictors of frequency of sexual fantasies while, for men, only religiosity domains were significant predictors. These results indicate that individual differences in religiosity domains were better predictors of sexual attitudes and fantasy than religious group and that these associations are moderated by gender.

Ahrold TK; Farmer M; Trapnell PD; Meston CM

2011-06-01

268

Sexual sadism: avoiding its misuse in sexually violent predator evaluations.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), Task Force has recently rejected the proposal to include coercive paraphilia as an official diagnosis, reaffirming that rape is a crime and not a mental disorder. We hope this will discourage what has been the inappropriate practice of giving rapists the made-up diagnosis of paraphilia, NOS, nonconsent, to facilitate their psychiatric commitment under sexually violent predator (SVP) statutes. Losing the paraphilia, NOS, option has tempted some SVP evaluators to overdiagnose sexual sadism, which is an official DSM mental disorder. To prevent this improper application and to clarify those rare instances in which this diagnosis might apply, we present a brief review of the research on sexual sadism; an annotation of its definitions that have been included in the DSM since the Third Edition, published in 1980, and in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10); and a two-step process for making a diagnostic decision. Rape and sexual sadism have in common violence, cruelty, and a callous indifference on the part of the perpetrator to the suffering of the victim, but they differ markedly in motivation. Rapists use violence to enforce the victim's cooperation, to express aggression, or both. In contrast, in sexual sadism, the violence, domination, and infliction of pain and humiliation are a preferred or necessary precondition for sexual arousal. Only a small proportion of rapists qualify for the diagnosis of sexual sadism.

Frances A; Wollert R

2012-01-01

269

Sexual violence: psychiatric healing with eye movement reprocessing and desensitization.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual violence, which affects one in three women worldwide, can result in significant psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) offers health care providers the option of a brief psychiatric intervention that can result in psychiatric healing in as few as four sessions. Because health care providers often hear stories of sexual violence from their patients, they are in an ideal position to make recommendations for treatment. The purpose of this article is to introduce health care providers to the technique of EMDR, review safety and appropriateness, and discuss clinical and research implications.

Posmontier B; Dovydaitis T; Lipman K

2010-08-01

270

Sexual violence: psychiatric healing with eye movement reprocessing and desensitization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual violence, which affects one in three women worldwide, can result in significant psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) offers health care providers the option of a brief psychiatric intervention that can result in psychiatric healing in as few as four sessions. Because health care providers often hear stories of sexual violence from their patients, they are in an ideal position to make recommendations for treatment. The purpose of this article is to introduce health care providers to the technique of EMDR, review safety and appropriateness, and discuss clinical and research implications. PMID:20623397

Posmontier, Bobbie; Dovydaitis, Tiffany; Lipman, Kenneth

2010-08-01

271

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

Carvalho QC; Galvão MT; Cardoso MV

2009-07-01

272

Elevated alcohol and sexual risk behaviors among young Thai lesbian/bisexual women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Little empirical data have been published about drinking or sexual behaviors among Thai lesbians. We examine the association of sexual identity with established indicators of alcohol- and sexual-related health behaviors among female bar patrons. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among women (N=121) aged 18-24 who frequented popular drinking establishments in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We used general linear modeling techniques to estimate associations between sexual identity and positive alcohol expectancy, harmful drinking, age at sexual debut, and number of lifetime sexual partners. RESULTS: Nearly one-third of women aged 18-24 recruited from Chiang Mai drinking venues identified as lesbian/bisexual. As compared to their heterosexual counterparts, lesbian/bisexuals reported higher positive alcohol expectancy scores, more harmful drinking, earlier age at sexual debut, and higher number of lifetime sexual partners. In adjusted models, lesbian/bisexual identity was associated with higher positive alcohol expectancy (?=1.94 points; 95% CI: 0.75, 3.13), earlier age at sexual debut (?=-0.85 years; 95% CI: -1.46, -0.23), and higher number of lifetime sexual partners (rate ratio=1.70; 95% CI: 1.22, 2.37). CONCLUSION: Lesbian/bisexual women in this study engaged in multiple behaviors that are potentially harmful to health, which may in turn place this group at heightened risk for alcohol abuse and sexually transmitted infections in Thailand. The clustering of alcohol- and sexual-related risk behaviors, and its consequences for health outcomes in this population, should be explored in future research and may be an important point of intervention.

Patel SA; Bangorn S; Aramrattana A; Limaye R; Celentano DD; Lee J; Sherman SG

2013-01-01

273

Sexual practices in youth: analysis of lifetime sexual trajectory and last sexual intercourse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article examines the sexual practices of young Brazilians based on data from the GRAVAD Research Project, a household survey targeting males and females from 18 to 24 years of age (n = 4,634) in three Brazilian State capitals: Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador. The set of practices experienced over the course of their sexual careers is characterized by traits of social belonging, elements from individual life histories, and prescribed rules of conduct for men and women. The authors compared the young people's range of lifetime practices and those from last sexual relations in order to discuss the spread and incorporation of practices into life histories. The data point to the hegemony of vaginal sex in both the lifetime repertoire of sexual practices and the last sexual encounters, such that vaginal sex provides the prime definition of heterosexuality.

Heilborn Maria Luiza; Cabral Cristiane S.

2006-01-01

274

Perceived prevalence and definitions of sexual dysfunction as predictors of sexual function and satisfaction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Evidence for the influence of sexual beliefs on sexual functioning and satisfaction has mainly emanated from clinical lore. Empirical investigations on this topic remain sparse. This study investigated whether beliefs regarding prevalence and definitions of male and female sexual dysfunctions predicted sexual function and satisfaction in a sample of 131 undergraduate students. Results indicated that higher perceived prevalence of male and female sexual dysfunctions was predictive of lower sexual functioning and poorer sexual satisfaction in women. For the male participants, none of the examined sexual beliefs emerged as significant predictors of their sexual functioning or satisfaction. Surprisingly, it was also found that participants estimated the prevalence of female sexual dysfunctions to be higher than male sexual dysfunctions, while defining male sexual dysfunctions more broadly than female sexual dysfunctions. Possible mechanisms for the findings are provided.

Chang SC; Klein C; Gorzalka BB

2013-07-01

275

Sexual Harassment at Camp: Reducing Liability.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Employers are responsible for sexual harassment perpetrated by a supervisor. Camps may be responsible for sexual harassment between campers. Steps to reduce liability include providing multiple channels for reporting sexual harassment; having written policies prohibiting sexual harassment and procedures for reporting it; posting these policies…

Oakleaf, Linda; Grube, Angela Johnson

2003-01-01

276

Preservice Educators' Confidence in Addressing Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined 328 preservice educators' level of confidence in addressing four sexuality education domains and 21 sexuality education topics. Significant differences in confidence levels across the four domains were found for gender, academic major, sexuality education philosophy, and sexuality education knowledge. Preservice educators…

Wyatt, Tammy Jordan

2009-01-01

277

Literacy and Sexuality: What's the Connection?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this column, the author highlights how the current framing of teen sexuality obscures important connections between literacy and sexuality. She argues that we need to challenge two current assumptions: the assumption that teen sexuality is primarily about public health and the assumption that all efforts to address teen sexuality are…

Ashcraft, Catherine

2009-01-01

278

Sexual compulsivity among heterosexual college students.  

Science.gov (United States)

A growing body of literature suggests that an association exists between sexual compulsivity and participation in sexual behaviors that are high risk in terms of HIV/STD infection. In most of these studies, sexual compulsivity has been measured using the Sexual Compulsivity Scale. As yet, sexual compulsivity has only been assessed with this scale among individuals who are members of high risk groups for HIV infection or who are HIV-positive. In this study, we found support for reliability and construct validity of the SCS in a sample of 876 heterosexual college students, a group not yet examined in the sexual addiction and compulsivity literature. Construct validity was substantiated by the presence of significant relationships of sexual compulsivity with frequencies of sexual behaviors and numbers of sexual partners. The scale was also related to gender and age. Sexual compulsivity scores were associated with frequency of risky sexual behaviors. The relationships between sexual compulsivity and solo, partner, public, and risky sexual behaviors remained significant when we controlled for demographic variables. Although we found support for construct validity of the SCS in our sample, it is not clear whether the scale distinctly measures sexual compulsivity or taps into other constructs, such as sexual desire and sexual exploration. PMID:15765274

Dodge, Brian; Reece, Michael; Cole, Sara L; Sandfort, Theo G M

2004-11-01

279

Sexual dimorphism in flowering plants.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Among dioecious flowering plants, females and males often differ in a range of morphological, physiological, and life-history traits. This is referred to as sexual dimorphism, and understanding why it occurs is a central question in evolutionary biology. Our review documents a range of sexually dimorphic traits in angiosperm species, discusses their ecological consequences, and details the genetic and evolutionary processes that drive divergence between female and male phenotypes. We consider why sexual dimorphism in plants is generally less well developed than in many animal groups, and also the importance of sexual and natural selection in contributing to differences between the sexes. Many sexually dimorphic characters, including both vegetative and flowering traits, are associated with differences in the costs of reproduction, which are usually greater in females, particularly in longer-lived species. These differences can influence the frequency and distribution of females and males across resource gradients and within heterogeneous environments, causing niche differences and the spatial segregation of the sexes. The interplay between sex-specific adaptation and the breakdown of between-sex genetic correlations allows for the independent evolution of female and male traits, and this is influenced in some species by the presence of sex chromosomes. We conclude by providing suggestions for future work on sexual dimorphism in plants, including investigations of the ecological and genetic basis of intraspecific variation, and genetic mapping and expression studies aimed at understanding the genetic architecture of sexually dimorphic trait variation.

Barrett SC; Hough J

2013-01-01

280

Sexual assessment and counseling in primary care.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the role of the nurse practitioner in sexual health assessment and sexual counseling. Topics of potential sexual health concerns of primary care clients are identified. The essential components of sexual counseling consist of establishing a trusting relationship with the client, developing a systematic repertoire of questions to screen for sexual health concerns, and one-on-one counseling with the permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy (PLISSIT) model. References for further information on sexual education and sexual health are identified. PMID:9481310

Longworth, J C

1997-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Sexual assessment and counseling in primary care.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article describes the role of the nurse practitioner in sexual health assessment and sexual counseling. Topics of potential sexual health concerns of primary care clients are identified. The essential components of sexual counseling consist of establishing a trusting relationship with the client, developing a systematic repertoire of questions to screen for sexual health concerns, and one-on-one counseling with the permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy (PLISSIT) model. References for further information on sexual education and sexual health are identified.

Longworth JC

1997-12-01

282

Stem cells from innate sexual but not acquired sexual planarians have the capability to form a sexual individual.  

Science.gov (United States)

Planarian species may harbor as many as three populations with different reproductive strategies. Animals from innate asexual (AS) and innate sexual (InS) populations reproduce only by fission and cross-fertilization, respectively, whereas the third population switches seasonally between the two reproductive modes. AS worms can be experimentally sexualized by feeding them with minced InS worms; we termed the resulting animals "acquired sexual" (AqS) worms. Both AqS and InS worms exhibit sexualizing activity when used as feed, suggesting that they maintain their sexual state via endogenous sexualizing substances, although the mechanisms underlying determination of reproductive strategy and sexual switching in these metazoans remain enigmatic. Therefore, we compared the endogenous sexualizing activity of InS worms and AqS worms. First, we amputated mature worms and assessed if they could re-enter a sexual state. Regenerants of InS worms, but not AqS worms, were only sexual, indicating that sexual state regulation comprises two steps: (1) autonomous initiation of sexualizing substance production and (2) maintenance of the sexual state by continuous production of sexualizing substances. Next, InS neoblasts were characterized by transplantation, finding that they successfully engrafted, proliferated, and replaced all recipient cells. Under such conditions, the AS recipients of InS worm neoblasts, but not those of AqS worms, became sexual. These results clearly show that there is a neoblast-autonomous determination of reproductive strategy in planarians. PMID:22968921

Nodono, Hanae; Ishino, Yugo; Hoshi, Motonori; Matsumoto, Midori

2012-09-25

283

PARENTING AND ADOLESCENTS' SEXUAL INITIATION  

Science.gov (United States)

This study draws on social control and social learning theories to examine the role of dating-specific attitudes and practices as predictors of adolescents’ sexual initiation. We include attention to the adolescent’s reaction to control attempts as a further means of assessing family dynamics (i.e., frequency of dating disagreements). The study uses longitudinal data from 697 adolescents who were not sexually active at the first interview as well as separate interviews with parents. In models that include all parenting variables, parental caring, parents’ preferences that the child should delay sex, and the frequency of dating disagreements are significant predictors of initiation of teen sexual activity.

Longmore, Monica A.; Eng, Abbey L.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Manning, Wendy D.

2009-01-01

284

The sexually sadistic serial killer.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores characteristics and crime scene behavior of 20 sexually sadistic serial murderers. The pairing of character pathology with paraphilic arousal to the control and degradation of others is examined as it manifests itself in their murders. Commonalities across murders and across murderers are highlighted, i.e., the execution of murders that are well-planned, the use of preselected locations, captivity, a variety of painful sexual acts, sexual bondage, intentional torture, and death by means of strangulation and stabbing. PMID:8914287

Warren, J I; Hazelwood, R R; Dietz, P E

1996-11-01

285

[Sexuality, heart and chocolate].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

All along the history, many kinds of magic and aphrodisiac properties were attributed to the chocolate. Because of the presence of certain active substances, cacao and chocolate are supposed to have some potentially beneficial effects on human health, particularly on cardiovascular system. Containing flavoniods, cacao and its products have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-thrombotic, antihypertensive and neuroprotective effects, as well as influence on insulin sensitivity, vascular endothelial function, and activation of nitric oxide. Other molecules, like methyxantin, biogenic amines and cannabinoid-like fatty acids, may have a psychoactive action. Synergic effect of all these substances could have a positive direct and indirect influence on sexual health and function. Nevertheless, randomized studies are needed to confirm these hypotheses and to elaborate recommendations about cacao consumption.

Bianchi-Demicheli F; Sekoranja L; Pechère-Bertschi A

2013-03-01

286

[Sexuality, heart and chocolate].  

Science.gov (United States)

All along the history, many kinds of magic and aphrodisiac properties were attributed to the chocolate. Because of the presence of certain active substances, cacao and chocolate are supposed to have some potentially beneficial effects on human health, particularly on cardiovascular system. Containing flavoniods, cacao and its products have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-thrombotic, antihypertensive and neuroprotective effects, as well as influence on insulin sensitivity, vascular endothelial function, and activation of nitric oxide. Other molecules, like methyxantin, biogenic amines and cannabinoid-like fatty acids, may have a psychoactive action. Synergic effect of all these substances could have a positive direct and indirect influence on sexual health and function. Nevertheless, randomized studies are needed to confirm these hypotheses and to elaborate recommendations about cacao consumption. PMID:23547364

Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Sekoranja, L; Pechère-Bertschi, A

2013-03-20

287

Proving sexual assault.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The framework provided by therapeutic jurisprudence is used to examine the rules of evidence that govern sexual assault trials. The concern is with the impact of the trial process on the accusing witness. In the first part a personal narrative is used to put the legal rules in context. Psychological sources are used in discussing the reasons for presenting such a narrative. In the second part, the effect of statutory changes to the common law rules as effected in NSW in 1981 is analyzed. Drawing upon the Heroines of Justice report the paper suggests that the intention of reducing the trauma of the victim has not yet been achieved. It is suggested that this failure is not unique. A change in attitude on the part of those involved in the trial process is necessary, and the hope is that this paper might contribute to such a change.

Magner ES

2000-01-01

288

Proving sexual assault.  

Science.gov (United States)

The framework provided by therapeutic jurisprudence is used to examine the rules of evidence that govern sexual assault trials. The concern is with the impact of the trial process on the accusing witness. In the first part a personal narrative is used to put the legal rules in context. Psychological sources are used in discussing the reasons for presenting such a narrative. In the second part, the effect of statutory changes to the common law rules as effected in NSW in 1981 is analyzed. Drawing upon the Heroines of Justice report the paper suggests that the intention of reducing the trauma of the victim has not yet been achieved. It is suggested that this failure is not unique. A change in attitude on the part of those involved in the trial process is necessary, and the hope is that this paper might contribute to such a change. PMID:10874288

Magner, E S

2000-01-01

289

Using the extended PLISSIT model to address sexual healthcare needs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual health is a holistic concept which encompasses much more than the prevention of infections and unwanted pregnancy. This article defines sexuality and sexual health before discussing the nurse's role in identifying and meeting patients' sexuality and sexual health needs. The Ex-PLISSIT model is proposed as a useful tool for nurses working in primary care to address sexuality and sexual health.

Taylor B; Davis S

2006-11-01

290

Sexual orientation microaggressions and the experience of sexual minorities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This qualitative study sought to confirm and expand on previous research on sexual orientation microaggressions--subtle discrimination in the form of verbal, behavioral, and environmental slights and indignities as defined by Sue (2010). The study had two primary research questions: Does the data from the sample validate Sue's (2010) typology of sexual orientation microaggressions? Beyond Sue's (2010) typology, are other themes/types of sexual orientation microaggressions present in the data? Using a focus group methodology, data was collected from a sample of self-identified non-heterosexual college students (N=12). Data analysis confirmed five previously identified themes from Sue's (2010) typology (Endorsement of Heteronormative Culture, Sinfulness, Homophobia, Heterosexist Language/Terminology, and Oversexualization) and demonstrated two new themes (Undersexualization and Microaggressions as Humor). The implications of sexual orientation microaggressions, along with limitations and future research directions, are discussed.

Platt LF; Lenzen AL

2013-07-01

291

Existence of two sexual races in the planarian species switching between asexual and sexual reproduction.  

Science.gov (United States)

In certain planarian species that are able to switch between asexual and sexual reproduction, determining whether a sexual has the ability to switch to the asexual state is problematic, which renders the definition of sexuals controversial. We experimentally show the existence of two sexual races, acquired and innate, in the planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis. Acquired sexuals used in this study were experimentally switched from asexuals. Inbreeding of acquired sexuals produced both innate sexuals and asexuals, but inbreeding of innate sexuals produced innate sexuals only and no asexuals. Acquired sexuals, but not innate sexuals, were forced to become asexuals by ablation and regeneration (asexual induction). This suggests that acquired sexuals somehow retain asexual potential, while innate sexuals do not. We also found that acquired sexuals have the potential to develop hyperplastic and supernumerary ovaries, while innate sexuals do not. In this regard, acquired sexuals were more prolific than innate sexuals. The differences between acquired and innate sexuals will provide a structure for examining the mechanism underlying asexual and sexual reproduction in planarians. PMID:22468837

Kobayashi, Kazuya; Maezawa, Takanobu; Nakagawa, Haruka; Hoshi, Motonori

2012-04-01

292

Existence of two sexual races in the planarian species switching between asexual and sexual reproduction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In certain planarian species that are able to switch between asexual and sexual reproduction, determining whether a sexual has the ability to switch to the asexual state is problematic, which renders the definition of sexuals controversial. We experimentally show the existence of two sexual races, acquired and innate, in the planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis. Acquired sexuals used in this study were experimentally switched from asexuals. Inbreeding of acquired sexuals produced both innate sexuals and asexuals, but inbreeding of innate sexuals produced innate sexuals only and no asexuals. Acquired sexuals, but not innate sexuals, were forced to become asexuals by ablation and regeneration (asexual induction). This suggests that acquired sexuals somehow retain asexual potential, while innate sexuals do not. We also found that acquired sexuals have the potential to develop hyperplastic and supernumerary ovaries, while innate sexuals do not. In this regard, acquired sexuals were more prolific than innate sexuals. The differences between acquired and innate sexuals will provide a structure for examining the mechanism underlying asexual and sexual reproduction in planarians.

Kobayashi K; Maezawa T; Nakagawa H; Hoshi M

2012-04-01

293

The relationship between sexual abuse and risky sexual behavior among adolescent boys: a meta-analysis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse has been shown to lead to increased odds of sexual behaviors that lead to sexually transmitted infections and early pregnancy involvement. Research, meta-analyses, and interventions, however, have focused primarily on girls and young women who have experienced abuse, yet some adolescent boys are also sexually abused. We performed a meta-analysis of the existing studies to assess the magnitudes of the link between a history of sexual abuse and each of the three risky sexual behaviors among adolescent boys in North America. METHODS: The three outcomes were (a) unprotected sexual intercourse, (b) multiple sexual partners, and (c) pregnancy involvement. Weighted mean effect sizes were computed from ten independent samples, from nine studies published between 1990 and 2011. RESULTS: Sexually abused boys were significantly more likely than nonabused boys to report all three risky sexual behaviors. Weighted mean odds ratios were 1.91 for unprotected intercourse, 2.91 for multiple sexual partners, and 4.81 for pregnancy involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that childhood and adolescent sexual abuse can substantially influence sexual behavior in adolescence among male survivors. To improve sexual health for all adolescents, even young men, we should strengthen sexual abuse prevention initiatives, raise awareness about male sexual abuse survivors' existence and sexual health issues, improve sexual health promotion for abused young men, and screen all people, regardless of gender, for a history of sexual abuse.

Homma Y; Wang N; Saewyc E; Kishor N

2012-07-01

294

Relating sexual sadism and psychopathy to one another, non-sexual violence, and sexual crime behaviors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual sadism and psychopathy have been theoretically, clinically, and empirically linked to violence. Although both constructs are linked to predatory violence, few studies have sought to explore the covariation of the two constructs, and even fewer have sought to conceptualize the similarities of violence prediction in each. The current study considered all four Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) facets and employed well-defined, validated measures of sadism to elucidate the relation between sadism and psychopathy, as well as to determine the role of each in the prediction of non-sexual violence and sexual crime behaviors. Study 1 assessed 314 adult, male sex offenders using archival ratings, as well as the self-report Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex, and Aggression (the MIDSA). Study 2 used archival ratings to assess 599 adult, male sex offenders. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of crime scene descriptions yielded four sexual crime behavior factors: Violence, Physical Control, Sexual Behavior, and Paraphilic. Sadism and psychopathy covaried, but were not coextensive; sadism correlated with Total PCL-R, Facet 1, and Facet 4 scores. The constructs predicted all non-sexual violence measures, but predicted different sexual crime behavior factors. The PCL-R facets collectively predicted the Violence and Paraphilic factors, whereas sadism only predicted the Violence factor. Aggr. Behav. 9999:XX-XX, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Robertson CA; Knight RA

2013-09-01

295

Estereotipos de rol sexual y diferencias sexuales: realidad y distorsión  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dado el interés del autor por investigar las relaciones existentes entre estereotipos de rol sexual y diferencias sexuales, se llevó a cabo dos estudios con jóvenes pre-universitarios y universitarios. En el primer estudio se realizó un análisis de juicios comparativos respectode 14 de los estereotipos de rol sexual del Bem Sex Role lnventory {BSRI), en base al cual se construyeron Escalas de Masculinidad y Femineidad. Ello permitió identificar no sólo qué estereotiposson considerados masculinos, femeninos o neutros en Lima, sino sus ponderaciones.En el segundo estudio se trabajó con universitarios, aplicándoles el BSRI {traducido libremente); mediante un análisis con el coeficiente decorrelación de Pearson y luego con análisis de varianza y estimación de omega cuadrado, se pudo determinar qué estereotipos se asociaban conel sexo masculino y cuáles con el sexo femenino, y cuánto la variable sexo explicaba los resultados. Así, se determinaba la fuerza de la asociación entre sexo y cada uno de los 60 estereotiposy era factible establecer diferencias entre los sexos. Finalmente, los hallazgos de ambas investigaciones fueron contrastados, comparandolos Estereotipos de Rol Sexual con las Diferencias Sexuales, lo que llevó a corroborar que si bien algunos estereotipos sexuales tienen apoyoempírico en diferencias reales entre los sexos, otros parecen derivarse de distorsiones cognitivas constituyendo "correlaciones ilusorias"

María Raguz de De Romaña

1983-01-01

296

Concurrent sexual partnerships and sexually transmitted diseases in Russia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Sexual concurrency is associated with higher prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV. However, most studies have focused only on the concurrency of the individual participant (individual concurrency) and not on concurrency of their sexual partners (partner concurrency). Furthermore, limited concurrency information is available in Russia where HIV epidemic is growing rapidly. We therefore examine the prevalence and correlates of individual and partner concurrency, and determine whether either type of concurrency is associated with diagnosed STDs among STD clinic attendees in St. Petersburg, Russia. METHODS: In total, 799 attendees were recruited into a cross-sectional study between 2006 and 2008. A questionnaire collected information on demographics, medical history, sexual behaviors, and up to 3 sexual partners during the preceding year. RESULTS: The prevalence of individual and partner concurrency was 24.7% and 45.4%, respectively. Both were correlated with marital status, weekly alcohol consumption, age at first sex, and number of lifetime sexual partners. Partner concurrency was significantly associated with diagnosed STDs (odds ratio = 2.06; 95% confidence interval = 1.35-3.15). No significant association between individual concurrency and STDs was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Partner concurrency, not individual concurrency, is independently associated with increased odds of having an STD in the studied population.

Zhan W; Krasnoselskikh TV; Niccolai LM; Golovanov S; Kozlov AP; Abdala N

2011-06-01

297

Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad/ Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiqu (more) iatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción. Abstract in english Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and sexual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. (more) The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

Duany Navarro, Annia; Hernández Marín, Gloria

2012-12-01

298

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis.OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

Andrea Lopes Gallinaro; Lilian Lie Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba Otuzi; Percival Degrava Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto Gonçalves

2012-01-01

299

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante/ Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstic (more) o de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylo (more) sing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

Gallinaro, Andrea Lopes; Akagawa, Lilian Lie; Otuzi, Mariana Hissami Ichiba; Sampaio-Barros, Percival Degrava; Gonçalves, Célio Roberto

2012-12-01

300

Rehabilitation aspects of human sexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The PLISSIT model is a comprehensive program that combines educational strategies with behavioral intervention to integrate human sexuality into the initial rehabilitation of spinal cord-injured persons. Sexuality is treated as a health care issue as important as bowel and bladder care, skin care, psychosocial issues, mobility, self-care and vocational concerns. Patients admitted to the Spinal Cord Injury Program are surrounded by a supportive milieu and an interdisciplinary staff who comfortably incorporate sexuality into discussions about catheter care, positioning, communication styles, assistive devices and so forth. Patients are exposed to a behavioral training program that makes available didactic lectures, group and individual sessions, bibliotherapy, films and opportunities for directed overnight sexual exploration within the hospital. We advocate that sex therapy be integrated into comprehensive rehabilitation programs along with physical therapy occupational therapy, recreation therapy and psychotherapy as an integral and effective form of functional restoration for patients with major physical disabilities.

Madorsky JG; Dixon TP

1983-08-01

 
 
 
 
301

Hepatitis C: Sex and Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... hepatitis C virus through sex. Can you pass hepatitis C to a sex partner? Yes, but it is ... and always use latex condoms. Can you pass hepatitis C through other types of sexual contact, such as ...

302

Recovery After Stroke: Redefining Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

Recovery After Stroke: Redefining Sexuality Part of getting back into a normal routine involves resuming a healthy ... your doctor, “Where am I on my stroke recovery journey?” Note: This fact sheet is compiled from ...

303

Sexual Assault Awareness Month 2012  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

This podcast discusses the impact and prevalence of sexual violence and the importance of prevention.  Created: 4/2/2012 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/2/2012.

2012-04-02

304

Rehabilitation aspects of human sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

The PLISSIT model is a comprehensive program that combines educational strategies with behavioral intervention to integrate human sexuality into the initial rehabilitation of spinal cord-injured persons. Sexuality is treated as a health care issue as important as bowel and bladder care, skin care, psychosocial issues, mobility, self-care and vocational concerns. Patients admitted to the Spinal Cord Injury Program are surrounded by a supportive milieu and an interdisciplinary staff who comfortably incorporate sexuality into discussions about catheter care, positioning, communication styles, assistive devices and so forth. Patients are exposed to a behavioral training program that makes available didactic lectures, group and individual sessions, bibliotherapy, films and opportunities for directed overnight sexual exploration within the hospital. We advocate that sex therapy be integrated into comprehensive rehabilitation programs along with physical therapy occupational therapy, recreation therapy and psychotherapy as an integral and effective form of functional restoration for patients with major physical disabilities. PMID:6636728

Madorsky, J G; Dixon, T P

1983-08-01

305

[The Christian ethic and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Catholic Church and the Christian faith in general have been accused of a history of sexual repression and denunciation of the dangers of all expressions of sexuality as well as of neglecting sex education within religious education. This work seeks to analyze the apparent conflict between Christian ethics and the experience of modern sexuality, and discusses the response of Christian ethics to the conflict. Beginning at the Renaissance and for the entire modern epoch, a moral system that might be called secularized has confronted that of the Church; it has been more liberal, utilitarian, and hedonistic in sexual matters. In the course of becoming more permissive, human sexuality like so many other aspects of modern culture has lost most of its sacred character. The sexual sphere in modern cultural and moral development is 1 of the aspects in which morals and customs are most distanced from religious influence. Despite the great sexual permissiveness of the mass media and the culture at large, adolescents and youth of today do not appear to have advanced any closer to a general state of happiness. Sexuality today--despite whatever sex education is available--is still enveloped in the same ignorance, feat, complexes, and conflicts as ever. The youth of today should have access to better sex education, they should be liberated from both religious taboos that impede health sexual adjustment and from the sexual permissiveness celebrated in much of the mass media. Teachers and moralists should engage in a dialogue in which the problem of sex education is examined in its complexity in order to identify elements of an improved process that would lead to a true humanization. An ethics that goes beyond the permissiveness of the present is needed, but it should not be based on fear of AIDS, fear of pregnancy, or any other fears or threats. A positive secular ethics moved by natural motivations and a Christian ethics motivated by faith in the love of God should appear more frequently and clearly in social commentaries, instead of the usual advice to shed all inhibitions. Human sexuality should be examined in the context of the other elements of the interior life, including affectivity, liberty, and religiosity. PMID:12343308

Hourton, J

1991-03-01

306

Child sexual abuse, links to later sexual exploitation/high-risk sexual behavior, and prevention/treatment programs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reviews the literature on the nature and incidence of child sexual abuse, explores the link between child sexual abuse and later sexual exploitation, and reviews the literature on prevention strategies and effective interventions in child sexual abuse services. Our understanding of the international epidemiology of child sexual abuse is considerably greater than it was just 10 years ago, and studies from around the world are examined. Childhood sexual abuse can involve a wide number of psychological sequelae, including low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. Numerous studies have noted that child sexual abuse victims are vulnerable to later sexual revictimization, as well as the link between child sexual abuse and later engagement in high-risk sexual behaviour. Survivors of child sexual abuse are more likely to have multiple sex partners, become pregnant as teenagers, and experience sexual assault as adults. Various models which attempt to account for this inter-relationship are presented; most invoke mediating variables such as low self-esteem, drug/alcohol use, PTSD and distorted sexual development. Prevention strategies for child sexual abuse are examined including media campaigns, school-based prevention programmes, and therapy with abusers. The results of a number of meta-analyses are examined. However, researchers have identified significant methodological limitations in the extant research literature that impede the making of recommendations for implementing existing therapeutic programmes unreservedly.

Lalor K; McElvaney R

2010-10-01

307

The sexual functioning profile of a nonforensic sample of individuals reporting sexual aggression against women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Sexual offenders are believed to present marked sexual difficulties. However, most of the studies characterizing sex offenders' sexual functioning were conducted with samples of documented/incarcerated sexual aggressors. At the present state of the knowledge there is limited information on the sexual functioning profile of individuals reporting some form of sexual violence but who were not documented/apprehended by the judicial system. AIM: The aim of this preliminary study was to characterize a sample of community sexual aggressors (college students) according to their sexual functioning. Results were expected to add information about the relationship between sexual functioning and sexual violence, and to impact strategies aimed at preventing sexual aggression on college campus. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one male college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Students were recruited at a Portuguese university using nonrandom methods. Among these students, 35 reported sexual aggression against women. The measures were completed individually and anonymously. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed a modified version of the International Index of Erectile Function, the Sexual Inhibition and Sexual Excitation Scales, the Sexual Self-Consciousness Scale, the Questionnaire of Cognitive Schema Activation in Sexual Context, and the Sexual-Esteem Scale. RESULTS: Results indicated that students reporting sexual aggression against women presented significantly more erectile and orgasmic difficulties, and more sexual inhibition due to the threat of performance failure than the control peers. Additionally, students reporting sexual aggression presented more sexual embarrassment, and more schemas of undesirability and incompetence. CONCLUSIONS: Results pointed toward a possible relationship between sexual violence as reported by college students and sexual performance anxiety. These findings are expected to impact conceptual models on sexual aggression perpetrated by nonforensic individuals.

Carvalho J; Quinta-Gomes A; Nobre PJ

2013-07-01

308

Twins with nonconcordant sexual aneuploidy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present a pair of dizygotic twins with different abnormal karyotypes. The chromosome anomaly is a sexual aneuploidy in both cases: 48,XXXXY in one, 47,XXY in the second. The origin of the chromosomal anomaly and the hypothetical relation between sexual aneuploidy and twinning is discussed. It is concluded that further studies in twins are necessary to prove the not yet solved problems of non-disjunction and double ovulation.

Garcia-Sagredo JM; Merello-Godino C; San Roman C

1977-06-01

309

Sexual activity in old age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of the principal factors influencing sexual activity of elderly persons. Data of foreign study and sociologic research carried out in Saratov region (2010) were used as the base for the analysis. It was revealed that the primary determinants of sexual activity in old age are the following: state of health, presence or absence of a partner, active lifestyle

Chernyshkova ?. V.

2011-01-01

310

Sexual behavior and affective disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

One hundred and fifty four consecutively evaluated new and return psychiatric outpatients were examined by the same interviewer using a detailed, precoded questionaire based on the diagnostic criteria for psychiatric research proposed by Feighner, et al. Sexual behavior manifested as prostitution involvement, promiscuity and extramarital sexual experiences was studied for groups of patients with unipolar and bipolar primary affective disorders, secondary affective disorders and non affective disorders. Results and conclusions are reported.

Spalt L

1975-12-01

311

Separating mind and body: an approach to the thoughts and feelings of female university students/sexual workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article takes into account the vision of female university students who are also sexual workers and the meaning that job has for them. Objective: to understand the meaning that sexual job has for female university students/sexual workers, what they think and feel about it. Methodology:qualitative research was the starting point using ethnographical techniques such as the interview, the ?eld diary and documental revision. Results: the daily life of female university students/sexual workers goes around their family, university and work, where they separate mind from body as a mechanism of emotional protection to avoid sadness and deception.

Martha Catalina Loaiza G; Lina Yésica Moreno O; Eliana Zuluaga P

2007-01-01

312

Pathologizing sexual deviance: a history.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal behavior. This struggle is apparent in the works of 19th- and early-20th-century psychiatrists and sexologists, but it is also present in the more recent psychiatric textbooks and diagnostic manuals, such as the consecutive editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). While much of the historical literature revolves around the controversy over homosexuality, this article also reviews the recent medicohistorical and sociohistorical work on other forms of sexual deviance, including the diagnostic categories listed in the latest edition, the DSM-IV-TR: exhibitionism, voyeurism, fetishism, frotteurism, pedophilia, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, and transvestic fetishism.

De Block A; Adriaens PR

2013-01-01

313

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.

Côbo Vde A; Chapadeiro CA; Ribeiro JB; Moraes-Souza H; Martins PR

2013-01-01

314

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.

Viviane de Almeida Côbo; Cibele Alves Chapadeiro; João Batista Ribeiro; Helio Moraes-Souza; Paulo Roberto Juliano Martins

2013-01-01

315

[Hebephilia as a sexual disorder].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The term "hebephilia" describes the sexual preference for the body scheme of pubescent minors (Tanner stages 2 and 3). For most clinicians the definition of hebephilia as a sexual disorder is not obvious. METHOD: In all assessed males included in the Prevention Project Dunkelfeld at the Institute for Sexual Medicine at the Charité between 2005 and 2011, who met the inclusion criteria and showed no evidence for exclusion criteria (n=222), the existence of a hebephilia was examined. RESULTS: Approximately two thirds of the present sample (n=153) showed responsiveness for the body scheme of pubescent minors. Of these, only 15% were exclusively attracted by the pubescent body scheme and 85% were cases of mixed types. Concerning the clinical aspects of the sexual preference disorder, about 95% reported child sexual abuse and/or having used child abusive images at least once in their lifetime. Additionally, hebephiles reported a higher level of clinical/psychological stress and more distinct personality characteristics in relation to a comparative sample. In terms of risk factors, hebephiles showed more offense-supportive attitudes compared to a male comparative sample. CONCLUSION: Hebephilia is a sexual disorder, but cannot be independently coded in the presently valid classification systems (DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10). Plans to separately include this in future in the DSM-5 represent an important step from a sexological point of view.

Beier KM; Amelung T; Kuhle L; Grundmann D; Scherner G; Neutze J

2013-03-01

316

Pharmacogenomics and sexuality: a vision.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multidimensional with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors modulating the clinical expression of sexual symptoms and associated distress. During the entire reproductive lifespan, intra- and interpersonal experiences shape human neuroendocrine and neurovascular sexual pathways. These are dependent on genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, including acquired medical conditions. Understanding the genetic basis of FSD can help to determine clinical phenotypes of women and therefore postulate the most effective intervention according to biological, psychological or environmental determinants. However, there is a paucity of studies demonstrating a genetic contribution to FSD and a diverse modulation of innate and acquired factors on discrete domains of sexual response and distress. This is evident from menarche to menopause. Pharmacogenomics is still in its infancy in the field of sexual medicine and most data regarding genetic polymorphisms of drug targets associated with susceptibility to sexual dysfunction have been obtained in males. Pharmacogenomics may be the future of medical practice in women with FSD and may guide an individualized approach by predicting both therapeutic effects at varying dosages of hormonal and non-hormonal agents, and disadvantageous side-effects and drug interactions.

Nappi RE; Domoney C

2013-08-01

317

[Sexual desire disorders in women].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical presentation of women's sexual desire disorders (SDD) and therapeutic options, suggested in the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of articles published on this subject in the Medline database, selected according to their scientific relevance, of consensus conferences and published guidelines. RESULTS: Female sexual desire is eminently multifactorial. The clinician should take into account the distress of the woman presenting with a SDD by relating this to the sexual history and the general context (pathological, biological…) together with the relationship with the partner. Other sexual disorders should be considered particularly arousal disorders which are frequently associated with SDD in women. SDD is one of the most difficult symptoms of female sexual dysfunction to treat since it is difficult to delimit the normal and the pathological. Without desire, the lack of sexual activity cannot be perceived as suffering. However, the consequences of this situation mean that she will consult the specialist fearing either that she could lose her partner, or that she is different in a normative society. CONCLUSION: A woman who is fulfilled will not have a problem with desire. The therapeutic objective can be to re-establish reactive desire in the affective context of the couple. The complexity and the multifactorial nature of TDS in women means that no unique solution is satisfactory; the initial assessment and a precise aim for therapeutic management are essential.

Cour F; Bonierbale M

2013-07-01

318

Pharmacogenomics and sexuality: a vision.  

Science.gov (United States)

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multidimensional with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors modulating the clinical expression of sexual symptoms and associated distress. During the entire reproductive lifespan, intra- and interpersonal experiences shape human neuroendocrine and neurovascular sexual pathways. These are dependent on genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, including acquired medical conditions. Understanding the genetic basis of FSD can help to determine clinical phenotypes of women and therefore postulate the most effective intervention according to biological, psychological or environmental determinants. However, there is a paucity of studies demonstrating a genetic contribution to FSD and a diverse modulation of innate and acquired factors on discrete domains of sexual response and distress. This is evident from menarche to menopause. Pharmacogenomics is still in its infancy in the field of sexual medicine and most data regarding genetic polymorphisms of drug targets associated with susceptibility to sexual dysfunction have been obtained in males. Pharmacogenomics may be the future of medical practice in women with FSD and may guide an individualized approach by predicting both therapeutic effects at varying dosages of hormonal and non-hormonal agents, and disadvantageous side-effects and drug interactions. PMID:23848488

Nappi, R E; Domoney, C

2013-06-12

319

Pathologizing sexual deviance: a history.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal behavior. This struggle is apparent in the works of 19th- and early-20th-century psychiatrists and sexologists, but it is also present in the more recent psychiatric textbooks and diagnostic manuals, such as the consecutive editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). While much of the historical literature revolves around the controversy over homosexuality, this article also reviews the recent medicohistorical and sociohistorical work on other forms of sexual deviance, including the diagnostic categories listed in the latest edition, the DSM-IV-TR: exhibitionism, voyeurism, fetishism, frotteurism, pedophilia, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, and transvestic fetishism. PMID:23480073

De Block, Andreas; Adriaens, Pieter R

2013-01-01

320

Specificity of Sexual Arousal for Sexual Activities in Men and Women with Conventional and Masochistic Sexual Interests.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Prior studies consistently report that men's genital responses correspond to their sexual activity interests (consenting vs. coercive sex) whereas women's responses do not. For women, however, these results may be confounded by the sexual activities studied and lack of suitable controls. We examined the subjective and genital arousal responses of men and women with conventional (22 men and 15 women) or masochistic sexual interests (16 men and 17 women) to narratives describing conventional sex or masochistic sex. The aims of the studies were twofold: (1) to examine whether gender differences in the specificity of sexual arousal previously observed for gender also exist for sexual activity interests; and (2) to examine whether men and women with masochistic sexual interests demonstrate specificity of sexual response for their preferred sexual activities. Surprisingly, the pattern of results was very similar for men and women. Both men and women with conventional sexual interests (WCI) reported more sexual arousal, and responded more genitally, to conventional than to masochistic sex, demonstrating specificity of sexual arousal for their preferred sexual activities. Despite showing specificity for conventional sexual activities, the genital responses of WCI were still gender nonspecific. In contrast, women and men with masochistic sexual interests demonstrated nonspecific subjective and genital responses to conventional and masochistic sex. Indices of genital and subjective sexual arousal to masochistic versus conventional stimuli were positively and significantly correlated with self-reported thoughts, fantasies, interests, and behaviors involving masochism. The results suggest that gender similarities in the specificity of sexual arousal for sexual activity exist despite consistent gender differences in the specificity of sexual arousal for gender.

Chivers ML; Roy C; Grimbos T; Cantor JM; Seto MC

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
321

The impact of aging on human sexual activity and sexual desire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article empirically studies how much aging modifies human sexual activity and sexual desire, and what the most important determinants in this change are. The analyses are based on 2 representative national sex surveys conducted in Finland in the 1990s. As a result of female widowhood, aging men had a higher incidence of sexual intercourse compared with aging women; and in relationships, women were more likely than men to report lack of sexual desire. In regression analysis, age was a predictor of sexual activity but not of sexual desire, when controlling for the impact of other factors. Relationship duration did not play an important role in sexual activity or sexual desire when controlling for a number of other variables. Sexual desire, valuing sexuality, and a healthy partner were important to female sexual activity; and high sexual self-esteem, good health, and active sexual history were important to male sexual activity. To keep up their sexual desire, both men and women needed good health, good sexual functioning, positive sexual self-esteem, and a sexually skilful partner. PMID:19090411

Kontula, Osmo; Haavio-Mannila, Elina

322

The impact of aging on human sexual activity and sexual desire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article empirically studies how much aging modifies human sexual activity and sexual desire, and what the most important determinants in this change are. The analyses are based on 2 representative national sex surveys conducted in Finland in the 1990s. As a result of female widowhood, aging men had a higher incidence of sexual intercourse compared with aging women; and in relationships, women were more likely than men to report lack of sexual desire. In regression analysis, age was a predictor of sexual activity but not of sexual desire, when controlling for the impact of other factors. Relationship duration did not play an important role in sexual activity or sexual desire when controlling for a number of other variables. Sexual desire, valuing sexuality, and a healthy partner were important to female sexual activity; and high sexual self-esteem, good health, and active sexual history were important to male sexual activity. To keep up their sexual desire, both men and women needed good health, good sexual functioning, positive sexual self-esteem, and a sexually skilful partner.

Kontula O; Haavio-Mannila E

2009-01-01

323

Understanding Experiences of Sexuality with Cerebral Palsy through Sexual Script Theory  

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Full Text Available This study explored how people with cerebral palsy (CP) negotiated and perceived their sexual interactions with others. In doing so, this research discusses participant conceptualizations of sexuality with CP. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with two women and five men with moderate to severe cerebral palsy from Canada and Australia. The interview discourse focused on how, if at all, interactional constructions of sexuality influenced the way in which participants expressed and negotiated their sexuality. Interview data were thematically analyzed using NVivo and manual line-by-line analysis. Negotiated sexuality with partners, and communication styles influenced understandings of sexuality with CP. Partner validation was important to participant understanding sexuality as was the style and quality of communication about sexuality between sexual partners. Sexuality was meaningful with a sense of closeness, experiences of affection and reciprocity. Personal sexual agency enabled negotiation of preferred sexuality as did perceived levels of socio-sexual compatibility. The findings confirm that sexuality is socially negotiated. For people with CP personal agency yields more satisfying socio-sexual outcomes. In this regard, the ability to make (and exercise) choice when negotiating interactional sexual experiences reinforces conceptualizations of oneself as a sexual being and sexual equal.

Tinashe M Dune

2013-01-01

324

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity and cognitive priming on sexual aggression in the laboratory.  

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This research follows from the "rape proclivity" literature to evaluate whether proclivity actually predicts sexual coercion. One hundred forty-two heterosexual males attending a Canadian university participated. Participants completed the sexual coercion proclivity questionnaire packet to determine high or low sexual coercion proclivity, and were randomly assigned to complete either an innocuous or a sexually aggressive cognitive priming task. Sexual coercion was operationalized by having men read increasingly graphic sexual material to an increasingly uncomfortable confederate. Regardless of condition, high sexual coercion proclivity males were more likely to engage in sexual coercion than low sexual coercion proclivity males. When the effects of discomfort were controlled, a significant interaction emerged between sexual coercion proclivity and the priming condition on sexual coercion. Although engaging in significantly less sexual coercion than the high sexual coercion proclivity males when assigned to the innocuous cognitive priming task, the low sexual coercion proclivity males assigned to the sexually aggressive cognitive priming task were indistinguishable from the high sexual coercion proclivity group. The nature of this relationship differed for Caucasian and Chinese men. These findings suggest that even those not previously inclined toward sexual coercion can do so under opportunistic circumstances, following an increase in discomfort associated with exposure to and involvement with sexually aggressive material. The prevention implications associated with this are discussed. PMID:22126261

Thomas, Lindsey A; Gorzalka, Boris B

2011-11-29

325

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity and cognitive priming on sexual aggression in the laboratory.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This research follows from the "rape proclivity" literature to evaluate whether proclivity actually predicts sexual coercion. One hundred forty-two heterosexual males attending a Canadian university participated. Participants completed the sexual coercion proclivity questionnaire packet to determine high or low sexual coercion proclivity, and were randomly assigned to complete either an innocuous or a sexually aggressive cognitive priming task. Sexual coercion was operationalized by having men read increasingly graphic sexual material to an increasingly uncomfortable confederate. Regardless of condition, high sexual coercion proclivity males were more likely to engage in sexual coercion than low sexual coercion proclivity males. When the effects of discomfort were controlled, a significant interaction emerged between sexual coercion proclivity and the priming condition on sexual coercion. Although engaging in significantly less sexual coercion than the high sexual coercion proclivity males when assigned to the innocuous cognitive priming task, the low sexual coercion proclivity males assigned to the sexually aggressive cognitive priming task were indistinguishable from the high sexual coercion proclivity group. The nature of this relationship differed for Caucasian and Chinese men. These findings suggest that even those not previously inclined toward sexual coercion can do so under opportunistic circumstances, following an increase in discomfort associated with exposure to and involvement with sexually aggressive material. The prevention implications associated with this are discussed.

Thomas LA; Gorzalka BB

2013-01-01

326

Disfunción sexual masculina y estrés Male sexual dysfunction and stress  

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Full Text Available La sexualidad constituye una construcción psicológica de la personalidad como resultado de la interacción de factores orgánicos, características congénitas, circunstancias ambientales y fenómenos sociales en los cuales el individuo se desenvuelve, por lo que hay que abordarla con un enfoque multidisciplinario, sistémico y holístico. Se realizó este trabajo en el Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" donde funciona una consulta multidisciplinaria que atiende todo paciente que considere presentar algún tipo de disfunción sexual. El Departamento de Investigaciones Especiales recibe de dicha consulta estos pacientes para realizarles estudios psicofisiológicos y fisiológicos. De los casos estudiados se seleccionaron 60 sujetos con disfunción sexual predominantemente psicógeno con el objetivo de determinar indicadores de estrés, que pudieran estar relacionados con la disfunción sexual actual: ansiedad como estado y rasgo, vulnerabilidad al estrés, riesgo a enfermar y temperamento. Dentro de los resultados obtenidos existió un predominio de la tendencia al neuroticismo, los temperamentos melancólico y flemático, la vulnerabilidad al estrés y el alto riesgo a enfermar.Sexuality is a psychological construction of the personality resulting from the interaction of organic, factors, congenital characteristics, environmental circunstances and social phenomena, in which the individual develops himself. That's why it has to be dealt with through a multidisciplinary, systemic and holistic approach. This paper was made at Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Hospital, where there is a multidisciplinary office that gives attention to all those patients that think they have some type of sexual dysfucntion. These patients are referred to the The Department of Special Research (DSR) to undergo psychophysiological and physiological studies. Of the studied cases, 60 predominantly psychogenic subjects with sexual dysfucntion were selected aimed at determining stress indicators that may be related to sexual dysfunction, such as: anxiety state and trait anxiety, vulnerability to stress, risk for falling ill and temperament. Among the results, it was observed a predominance of a trend towards nueroticism, the melancholic and phlegmatic temperaments, the vulnerability to stress and the high risk for getting sick.

Eulalia García Gutiérrez; Laura Aldana Vilas; Gilda Lima Mompó; Ma. del Rosario Espinosa Riverón; Caridad Castillo Castillo; Vladimir Felinciano Álvarez

2005-01-01

327

The Sexual Disgust Questionnaire; a psychometric study and a first exploration in patients with sexual dysfunctions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Disgust may be involved in sexual problems by disrupting sexual arousal and motivating avoidance of sexual intercourse. To test whether heightened disgust for sexual contaminants is related to sexual dysfunctions, the Sexual Disgust Questionnaire (SDQ) has recently been developed. Previous research showed that particularly women with vaginismus display a generally heightened dispositional disgust propensity and heightened disgust toward stimuli depicting sexual intercourse. AIM: To determine the psychometric properties of the SDQ and test whether heightened disgust toward sexual stimuli is specific to vaginismus or can be observed in other sexual dysfunctions as well. METHODS: First, a large sample of undergraduates and university employees completed the SDQ (N = 762) and several trait disgust indices. Next, women with vaginismus (N = 39), dyspareunia (N = 45), and men with erectile disorder (N = 28) completed the SDQ and were compared to participants without sexual problems (N = 70). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: SDQ to index sexual disgust. RESULTS: The SDQ proved a valid and reliable index to establish disgust propensity for sexual stimuli. Supporting construct validity of the SDQ, sexual disgust correlated with established trait indices. Furthermore, sexual disgust and willingness to handle sexually contaminated stimuli were associated with sexual functioning in women, but not in men. Specifically women with vaginismus displayed heightened sexual disgust compared to women without sexual problems, while men with erectile disorders demonstrated a lower willingness to handle sexually contaminated stimuli compared to men without sexual problems. CONCLUSIONS: The SDQ appears a valid and reliable measure of sexual disgust. The pattern of SDQ-scores across males and females with and without sexual dysfunctions corroborates earlier research suggesting that disgust appraisals are involved especially in vaginismus and supports the view that the difficulty with vaginal penetration experienced by women in vaginismus may partly be due to disgust-induced defensive reflexes that could disrupt sexual arousal.

van Overveld M; de Jong PJ; Peters ML; van Lankveld J; Melles R; ter Kuile MM

2013-02-01

328

Orientação sexual nas escolas: fato ou anseio? Orientación sexual en las escuelas: ¿realidad o anhelo? Sexual orientation in the school context: fact or eagerness?  

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Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou analisar sob a ótica dos educadores de escolas públicas do ensino fundamental, como o tema "orientação sexual" vem sendo incorporado nas práticas pedagógicas. Participaram do estudo 23 professores da rede municipal de ensino de Cajazeiras, Paraíba. Elegeu-se o grupo focal como técnica de investigação, e os dados empíricos obtidos foram organizados mediante análise de conteúdo temática. Constatou-se que há um esforço dos atores em privilegiar conteúdos relativos à orientação sexual no ambiente escolar, porém esses debates exigem que preliminarmente seja incentivado um aprofundamento de caráter informativo e subjetivo sobre "sexualidade", propiciando aos educadores um espaço para re-significações de sua internalidade e valores. A informação direcionada ao cuidado de si deve extrapolar os limites preventivistas e higienistas, incorporando metodologias extensivas, inclusivas e reflexivas, que reconheçam os direitos humanos e sociais e favoreçam a construção ética da cidadania.La investigación cualitativa objetivo analizar las perspectivas de los educadores de escuelas públicas de educación básica como el tema "orientación sexual" se ha incorporado as prácticas de enseñanza. Los participantes del estudio fueron 23 profesores de escuelas municipales de Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brasil. Fue elegido el grupo focal como técnica de investigación, y los datos obtenidos fueron organizados por el análisis de contenido temático. Se encontró que hay un esfuerzo de los actores en favor de contenidos relacionados con la orientación sexual en el entorno escolar, pero eso requiere que las discusiones preliminares debe alentar una profundización de carácter subjetivo sobre "sexualidad", proporcionando un espacio para que los educadores resignificación de interioridad y sus valores. Información dirigida a los cuidados personales debe trascender los límites de prevención e higienistas, incorporando metodologías amplia, inclusiva y reflexiva, que reconocen los derechos humanos y promover la construcción social y ético de ciudadanía.Qualitative research that aimed to analyze under the optics of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching, how the theme "sexual orientation" has been incorporated into pedagogic practices. Twenty three educators of municipal teaching of Cajazeiras' city, Paraíba, Brazil, took part of the study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment, though it is required that preliminarily a depth of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be incentivized, propitiating to the educators a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits preventative and hygienists, incorporating methodologies extensive, inclusive and reflective, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship.

Sandra Aparecida de Almeida; Jordana de Almeida Nogueira; Antonia Oliveira Silva; Gilson Vasconcelos Torres

2011-01-01

329

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas  

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Full Text Available Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción.A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em uma organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação.

Quitéria Clarice Magalhães Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão Cardoso

2009-01-01

330

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse/ Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas/ Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em uma organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submeti (more) das à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abus (more) o sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emer (more) ged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

Carvalho, Quitéria Clarice Magalhães; Galvão, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz; Cardoso, Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão

2009-08-01

331

[Reconstructive surgery of the clitoris after sexual mutilation].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Ritual sexual mutilations cause gynaecologic, urologic and obstetric complications. Their surgical treatments like clitoris reconstruction or desinfibulation have been well studied. We describe the Dr Pierre Foldes's (2004, 2006a, b) surgical technique of clitoris reconstruction after ritual excision. After scar resection, clitoris knee and corporeal bodies are liberated with meticulous nerve sparing. A new clitoridian glans is created by cuneiform plasty and then reimplanted in an anatomic situation. The aim of the technique is to restore a normal anatomy and to obtain a sensory and functional organ. We also describe the desinfibulation technique in this article.

Madzou S; Ouédraogo CM; Gillard P; Lefebvre-Lacoeuille C; Catala L; Sentilhes L; Descamps P

2011-02-01

332

[Reconstructive surgery of the clitoris after sexual mutilation].  

Science.gov (United States)

Ritual sexual mutilations cause gynaecologic, urologic and obstetric complications. Their surgical treatments like clitoris reconstruction or desinfibulation have been well studied. We describe the Dr Pierre Foldes's (2004, 2006a, b) surgical technique of clitoris reconstruction after ritual excision. After scar resection, clitoris knee and corporeal bodies are liberated with meticulous nerve sparing. A new clitoridian glans is created by cuneiform plasty and then reimplanted in an anatomic situation. The aim of the technique is to restore a normal anatomy and to obtain a sensory and functional organ. We also describe the desinfibulation technique in this article. PMID:20557993

Madzou, S; Ouédraogo, C M R; Gillard, P; Lefebvre-Lacoeuille, C; Catala, L; Sentilhes, L; Descamps, P

2010-06-16

333

HIV-positive men sexually active with women: sexual behaviors and sexual risks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines patterns of sexual behavior, sexual relating, and sexual risk among HIV-positive men sexually active with women. A total of 278 HIV-positive men were interviewed every 6-12 months between 1994 and 2002 and reported considerable variability in sexual behaviors over time. Many were not sexually active at all for months at a time; many continued to have multiple female and at times male partners. Over one-third of the cohort had one or more periods when they had engaged in unprotected sex with a female partner who was HIV-negative or status unknown (unsafe sex). Periods of unsafe sex alternated with periods of safer sex. Contextual factors such as partner relations, housing status, active drug use, and recently exchanging sex showed the strongest association with increased odds of unsafe sex. A number of predictors of unsafe sex among African American men were not significant among the Latino sub-population, suggesting race/ethnic differences in factors contributing to heterosexual transmission. Implications for prevention interventions are discussed. PMID:16770702

Aidala, Angela A; Lee, Gunjeong; Howard, Joyce Moon; Caban, Maria; Abramson, David; Messeri, Peter

2006-07-01

334

Sexual Stimulation Device  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A sexual stimulation device which provides simultaneous stimulation to male and female partners during intercourse includes a hollow elastomeric shaft portion dimensioned to receive a penis and for vaginal insertion. The shaft includes a longitudinal rib forming an interior channel, the rib functioning to stiffen the shaft and the channel providing sufficient resilience to allow insertion and removal of a penis. The shaft terminates at a closed end in a hemispherical tip and at an opposite open end in a pair of spaced annular retaining rings. A plurality of raised rings spaced axially along the shaft enhance the pleasure of the female partner. The retaining rings provide a resilient retaining force to maintain the device in position during intercourse. An electric motor with an eccentric weighted flywheel mounted in a chamber extending between the annular rings provides vibratory stimulation. An electrical wire for powering the vibratory motor extends through a conduit connecting the chamber to an attached housing enclosing rechargeable batteries. The housing also includes a second motor operably connected for rotating caged massage balls positioned to provide simultaneous stimulation to a female partner during intercourse. An elastomeric shell encloses and substantially seals the housing, while still allowing user actuation of two HIGH-LO-OFF switches providing independent control of the two motors and connection of an AC adapter for recharging the batteries. In an alternative embodiment, the hollow shaft may be omitted.

STANDFEST CHRISTINE FLORENCE; STANDFEST CHRISTOPHER BRUCE

335

Sexual transmission of hepatitis C Transmissão sexual da hepatite C  

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Full Text Available It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission among multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexuals, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforçam que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populações de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monogâmicos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo.

Norma de Paula Cavalheiro

2007-01-01

336

Sexual transmission of hepatitis C/ Transmissão sexual da hepatite C  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A eficiência da transmissão parenteral da hepatite C é consenso, porém dados na literatura sobre transmissão sexual e intrafamiliar são conflitantes. Data de 1989 o primeiro trabalho que relaciona o risco de transmissão sexual a múltiplos parceiros sexuais, na seqüência, outros estudos também reforçam que os riscos aumentam em populações específicas como co-infectados HIV, HBV, profissionais do sexo, homossexuais, usuários de drogas ilícitas e populaçõe (more) s de clínicas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. Agora, na população geral qual seria o risco para casais monogâmicos heterossexuais onde um dos cônjuges apresenta a infecção pelo HCV? A literatura apresenta números que vão de zero a 27%, porém a maioria dos trabalhos afirma que as chances de transmissão são baixas ou quase nulas e aqui as porcentagens oscilam entre 0% e 3%. A transmissão intradomiciliar é fortemente considerada e mencionada como fator de confusão quando se menciona transmissão entre casais, pois se deve considerar que o compartilhamento de utensílios de higiene pessoal como lâmina de barbear, escova de dente, alicates de manicure e cortadores de unhas atuam como fator de risco importante para a transmissão do HCV dentro do domicílio. Transmissão sexual e/ou transmissão intrafamiliar, esta revisão trás à tona ambas hipóteses discutidas em diversos trabalhos pelo mundo. Abstract in english It is generally agreed that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be efficiently transmitted parenterally, although data on viral transmission by sexual or non-sexual intrafamilial contact are conflicting. Since data collection began in 1989, the first study dealt with the risk of sexual transmission among multiple sex partners. Other investigations followed, emphasizing that risk increases in specific groups such as patients co-infected with HIV and HBV, sex workers, homosexua (more) ls, illicit drug users and patients attended at sexually transmittable disease clinics. The question arises as to what might be the risk for monogamous heterosexuals in the general population, in which one of the partners has HCV? The literature provides overall rates that vary from zero to 27%; however, most studies affirm that the chances of sexual transmission are low or almost null, with rates for this mode fluctuating from zero to 3%. Intrafamilial transmission is strongly considered but inconclusive, since when mentioning transmission between sex partners within the same household, specific situations also should be considered, such as the sharing of personal hygiene items, like razorblades, toothbrushes, nail clippers and manicure pliers, which are important risk factors in HCV transmission. In this review, we discuss the hypotheses of sexual and/or intrafamilial transmission.

Cavalheiro, Norma de Paula

2007-10-01

337

Sexual behaviour and sexually transmitted infections in sexually transmitted infection clinic attendees in the Netherlands, 2007-2011.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

High annual figures of sexually transmitted infections are diagnosed in the Netherlands despite significant efforts to control sexually transmitted infections. Herein, we analyse trends and determinants of sexually transmitted infection diagnoses, co-infections, and sexual risks among visitors of 26 sexually transmitted infection clinics between 2007 and 2011. We recorded increased positivity rates of sexually transmitted infection (chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhoea, and/or HIV) in women and heterosexual men up to 12.6% and 13.4% in 2011, while rates in men having sex with men were stable but high (18.8%) through the documented years. Younger age, origin from Surinam/Antilles, history of previous sexually transmitted infection, multiple partners, or a previous notification are the identified risk factors for a sexually transmitted infection in this population. Known HIV-infected men (men having sex with men and heterosexuals) were at highest risk for co-infections (relative rate heterosexual men: 15.6; men having sex with men: 11.6). Sexually transmitted infection positivity rates remained high (men having sex with men) or increased over time (women and heterosexual men), a fact that highlights the importance of continuing sexually transmitted infection prevention. Most importantly, the very high sexually transmitted infection co-infection rates among HIV-positive men requires intensified sexually transmitted infection reduction strategies to put an end to the vicious circle of re-infection and spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

Coul EO; Warning T; Koedijk F

2013-07-01

338

Sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide: an examination of crime scene indicators.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study investigates the convergent and predictive validity of behavioral crime scene indicators of sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide. The study is based on a sample of 268 adult males sentenced to a federal penitentiary in Canada. Information regarding crime scene behaviors was gathered from police records, a clinical interview with a psychologist, and a semistructured interview with the offender. A series of logistic regressions were performed to determine whether behavioral crime scene indicators of sexual sadism were associated with an official diagnosis of sexual sadism and were able to distinguish between sexual aggressors against women and sexual murderers. Findings suggest that several crime scene behaviors overlap with an official diagnosis of sexual sadism as well as being able to distinguish between sexual aggressors of women and sexual murderers. Importantly, the majority of crime scene behaviors associated with a clinical diagnosis of sexual sadism are not the same as those associated with sexual homicide.

Healey J; Lussier P; Beauregard E

2013-04-01

339

Sexual function in women: what is normal?  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual function in women has often been measured by clinicians using parameters which appear easier to assess (frequency and pain). Therefore, the range of normality is often broad and of limited value when investigating population groups. The most important features to explore are satisfaction and/or distress with sexual activity. Although female sexual activity decreases with age, dissatisfaction also declines, and rates of female sexual dysfunction may not change significantly. There are cultural differences in sexual behaviour across the world, but overall a satisfying sexual life is important for women's quality of life. PMID:19440778

Domoney, Claudine

2009-05-01

340

Sexual function in women: what is normal?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual function in women has often been measured by clinicians using parameters which appear easier to assess (frequency and pain). Therefore, the range of normality is often broad and of limited value when investigating population groups. The most important features to explore are satisfaction and/or distress with sexual activity. Although female sexual activity decreases with age, dissatisfaction also declines, and rates of female sexual dysfunction may not change significantly. There are cultural differences in sexual behaviour across the world, but overall a satisfying sexual life is important for women's quality of life.

Domoney C

2009-05-01

 
 
 
 
341

Outcomes of using the internet for sexual purposes: fulfillment of sexual desires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to examine the characteristics of those who report fulfillment of sexual desires as a result of internet use for sexual purposes and which sexually related online activities contribute to the fulfillment of sexual desires. METHODS: Data were collected through a questionnaire posted on Swedish-language websites in 2009. The sample comprised 1614 respondents who reported using the internet for sexual purposes, 62% women and 38% men. RESULTS: The results showed that the majority of the respondents had their sexual desires fulfilled as a result of their sexually related activities on the internet; 21% to a great extent and 59% to a small extent, but 20% did not have their sexual desires fulfilled. Using a multinomial logistic regression analysis, respondents who had their sexual desires fulfilled to a small or great extent were each compared with those who did not have their sexual desires fulfilled at all. At the level of individual characteristics and sexual behaviours, those with no fulfillment of their sexual desires did not differ from those who had their sexual desires fulfilled, with the exceptions of age and masturbation. In comparison to fulfillment to a small extent, fulfillment of sexual desires to a great extent was predicted by a larger number of sexually related online activities that were based on interaction.Conclusion: The findings suggest that the internet may contribute to fulfillment of sexual desires among a large internet population, irrespective of sex or sexual identity.

Daneback K; Sevcikova A; Månsson SA; Ross MW

2013-03-01

342

Contributions of Divergent Peer and Parent Sexual Messages to Asian American College Students' Sexual Behaviors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Receiving more parent sexual communication is generally linked to a later age of first sexual intercourse and less sexual risk taking. However, Asian American youth report minimal parent sexual communication, later sexual initiation, and fewer sexual risks than their counterparts. What contributes to this unexpected pattern of sexual communication and sexual behaviors? To answer this question, we surveyed 312 Asian American college students ages 17 to 22 on their sexual behaviors, parent sexual communication, and peer sexual communication. Assessment of parent and peer sexual communication was completed via a measure in which participants rated the frequency with which they had received each of 22 sexual messages from each source. Young women generally received more messages promoting abstinence, traditional sex roles, and sex within a relational context than their male counterparts. Young men, however, reported greater parent and peer communications that were accepting of casual sex. Exposure to peer messages that were accepting of casual sex was associated with more sexual partners, casual sex encounters, and sexual experience. Being older, being raised outside the United States, being less religious, and being homosexual was each predictive of more sexual experience. Implications regarding the role of culture and gender on sexual socialization are discussed.

Trinh SL; Ward LM; Day K; Thomas K; Levin D

2013-01-01

343

The impact of nocturnal hemodialysis on sexual function  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and treatment options are limited. Observational studies suggest that nocturnal hemodialysis may improve sexual function. We compared sexual activity and responses to sexual related ques...

Bass Adam; Ahmed Sofia B; Klarenbach Scott; Culleton Bruce; Hemmelgarn Brenda R; Manns Braden

344

A multidimensional model of sexual health and sexual and prevention behavior among adolescent women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Sexual health refers a state of lifespan well-being related to sexuality. Among young people, sexual health has multiple dimensions, including the positive developmental contributions of sexuality, as well as the acquisition of skills pertinent to avoiding adverse sexual outcomes such as unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Existing efforts to understand sexual health, however, have yet to empirically operationalize a multi-dimensional model of sexual health and to evaluate its association to different sexual/prevention behaviors. METHODS: Sexual health dimensions and sexual/prevention behaviors were drawn from a larger longitudinal cohort study of sexual relationships among adolescent women (N = 387, 14-17 years). Second order latent variable modeling (AMOS/19.0) evaluated the relationship between sexual health and dimensions and analyzed the effect of sexual health to sexual/prevention outcomes. RESULTS: All first order latent variables were significant indicators of sexual health (?: 0.192 - 0.874, all p < .001). Greater sexual health was significantly associated with sexual abstinence, as well as with more frequent non-coital and vaginal sex, condom use at last sex, a higher proportion of condom-protected events, use of hormonal or other methods of pregnancy control and absence of STI. All models showed good fit. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual health is an empirically coherent structure, in which the totality of its dimensions is significantly linked to a wide range of outcomes, including sexual abstinence, condom use and absence of STI. This means that, regardless of a young person's experiences, sexual health is an important construct for promoting positive sexual development and for primary prevention.

Hensel DJ; Fortenberry JD

2013-02-01

345

Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ)- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.

Akanle Florence Foluso

2011-01-01

346

Pelvic floor and sexual male dysfunction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The pelvic floor is a complex multifunctional structure that corresponds to the genito-urinary-anal area and consists of muscle and connective tissue. It supports the urinary, fecal, sexual and reproductive functions and pelvic statics. The symptoms caused by pelvic floor dysfunction often affect the quality of life of those who are afflicted, worsening significantly more aspects of daily life. In fact, in addition to providing support to the pelvic organs, the deep floor muscles support urinary continence and intestinal emptying whereas the superficial floor muscles are involved in the mechanism of erection and ejaculation. So, conditions of muscle hypotonia or hypertonicity may affect the efficiency of the pelvic floor, altering both the functionality of the deep and superficial floor muscles. In this evolution of knowledge it is possible imagine how the rehabilitation techniques of pelvic floor muscles, if altered and able to support a voiding or evacuative or sexual dysfunction, may have a role in improving the health and the quality of life.

Pischedda A; Fusco F; Curreli A; Grimaldi G; Pirozzi Farina F

2013-03-01

347

Experimental techniques; Techniques experimentales  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This lecture presents the experimental techniques, developed in the last 10 or 15 years, in order to perform a new class of experiments with exotic nuclei, where the reactions induced by these nuclei allow to get information on their structure. A brief review of the secondary beams production methods will be given, with some examples of facilities in operation or under project. The important developments performed recently on cryogenic targets will be presented. The different detection systems will be reviewed, both the beam detectors before the targets, and the many kind of detectors necessary to detect all outgoing particles after the reaction: magnetic spectrometer for the heavy fragment, detection systems for the target recoil nucleus, {gamma} detectors. Finally, several typical examples of experiments will be detailed, in order to illustrate the use of each detector either alone, or in coincidence with others. (author)

Roussel-Chomaz, P. [GANIL CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/DSM, 14 - Caen (France)

2007-07-01

348

PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC) - Brasil. Método: Investigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cue (more) stionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; p Abstract in english Background: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC) - Brazil. Method: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC), Brazil. The Questi (more) onnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test). Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p

Sacomori, Cinara; Cardoso, Fernando Luiz

2008-01-01

349

Sexual Hookup Culture: A Review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

"Hookups," or uncommitted sexual encounters, are becoming progressively more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. Hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex, and penetrative intercourse. However, these encounters often transpire without any promise of, or desire for, a more traditional romantic relationship. A review of the literature suggests that these encounters are becoming increasingly normative among adolescents and young adults in North America, representing a marked shift in openness and acceptance of uncommitted sex. We reviewed the current literature on sexual hookups and considered the multiple forces influencing hookup culture, using examples from popular culture to place hooking up in context. We argue that contemporary hookup culture is best understood as the convergence of evolutionary and social forces during the developmental period of emerging adulthood. We suggest that researchers must consider both evolutionary mechanisms and social processes, and be considerate of the contemporary popular cultural climate in which hookups occur, in order to provide a comprehensive and synergistic biopsychosocial view of "casual sex" among emerging adults today.

Garcia JR; Reiber C; Massey SG; Merriwether AM

2012-06-01

350

Pattern of sexually transmitted  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) varies widely from region to region in our country. Aims: To highlight the pattern of STIs and the profile of patients with HIV infection in STD patients as seen at our hospital. Methods: A retrospective chart analysis of clients attending STI clinic, JIPMER, Puducherry, from June 2004 to June 2006 was done. Results: A total of 866 clients attended our STI clinic, out of whom 435 (50.2%) had proven STI. STIs were more common in men, with a male (290): female (145) ratio of 2:1. Their age ranged from 1 year to 75 years (mean age = 32.38 years) with the maximum number of patients in the age group of 21-30 years, while children constituted only 2.8%. Herpes genitalis (107 patients, 32.8%) was the most common ulcerative STI, while genital wart was the most common nonulcerative STI (56 patients, 17.1%). Non-gonococcal urethritis (46 patients, 14.1%) was more common than gonococcal urethritis. HIV infection was the most common STI in our study, at an alarmingly high rate of 34.5% (151/435). HIV seropositivity was more common in patients who presented with ulcerative STIs than with nonulcerative STIs. Conclusions: Herpes genitalis was the most common ulcerative STD, while genital wart was the most common nonulcerative STI in our study. The prevalence of HIV among STI clients in India has been on the rise, but has quite alarmingly become the most common STI in our study.

Devi S; Vetrichevvel T; Pise Gajanan; Thappa Devinder

2009-01-01

351

Evolución y orientación sexual/ Evolution and sexual direction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La teoría evolutiva propuesta por Darwin sugiere el mecanismo de la selección natural para explicar la forma como las especies se adaptaron, sobrevivieron y evolucionaron, y el mecanismo de la selección sexual para explicar su reproducción. De esta manera, postula que los rasgos adaptativos son reproducidos más sucesivamente que los rasgos desadaptativos. De acuerdo con esto, la selección natural debería favorecer la heterosexualidad, pues ésta facilita la reprodu (more) cción y la propagación de genes. Pero ¿qué sucede con la orientación sexual que no favorece la tesis darwiniana (por ejemplo, la homosexualidad) y por qué se ha mantenido? La investigación en esta área se ha centrado en aspectos hormonales, de diferenciación cerebral y genéticos, arrojando resultados inconsistentes. Se parte de la tesis de que la orientación sexual humana, en particular la orientación homosexual, es tan compleja como para ser descrita y explicada tan solo por un modelo o una disciplina. Se hace una revisión de las diferentes áreas de investigación sobre orientación sexual y se sugiere la incapacidad de las teorías evolutivas para dar cuenta de ella. Abstract in english The Darwin's theory of evolution suggests the mechanism of natural selection in order to explain how species adapted, survived and evolved; and the mechanism of the sexual selection in order to explain its reproduction. In this way, he postulates that the adaptive characteristics are reproduced more successively than the maladaptative characteristics. In agreement with this, natural selection would have to favor heterosexualidad since this facilitates the reproduction and (more) genes propagation. But what happens with the sexual direction that does not favor the Darwinian thesis (for example the homosexual dad) and why has stayed throughout time? The investigation in this area has been centered in hormonal aspects, cerebral differentiation and genetic, throwing incoherent results. Based * on the thesis that the human sexual direction, and especially homosexual direction, is as complex as to be described and explained so single by a model or a discipline. A revision becomes of the different investigation areas on sexual direction and the incapability of the evolutionary theories to give account of this is suggested.

Soler, Franklin Giovanni

2005-12-01

352

Evaluación de un programa de educación sexual sobre conocimientos y conductas sexuales en embarazadas/ Evaluation of a sexual education program on knowledge and sexual behaviour in pregnant  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres grávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 (more) y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who were in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years (more) and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).

García González, S.; Duarte González, L.; Mejías Paneque, M.C.

2012-10-01

353

Sexuality Education among Latinas: Experiences, Preferences, Attitudes and Risk Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated sexuality topics discussed by parents, sources of sexuality education, sexual risk behaviors, and attitudes about who should educate children about sexuality among a sample of 204 adult Latinas. Nearly half of sexually active women (having ever had sex) reported condom use and 36.7% reported discussing sexual history with…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; King, Keith A.

2008-01-01

354

Child Sexual Abuse and Persistence of Risky Sexual Behaviors and Negative Sexual Outcomes over Adulthood: Findings from a Birth Cohort  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To determine the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) on adult sexual behaviors and outcomes over three age periods. Methods: A longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972/1973 was used. Information on CSA was sought at age 26, and on sexual behaviors and outcomes at ages 21, 26, and 32. Comparisons were…

van Roode, Thea; Dickson, Nigel; Herbison, Peter; Paul, Charlotte

2009-01-01

355

Don't Forget the Good Stuff! Incorporating Positive Messages of Sexual Pleasure into Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexuality professionals have long called for the inclusion of sexual pleasure in sexuality education programs, however, facilitators are often ill-equipped to do so. This lesson plan will help educators conceptualize the topic of sexual pleasure in order to successfully integrate it into their lessons. This lesson also reviews challenges of…

deFur, Kirsten M.

2012-01-01

356

Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes of Men with Intellectual Disability Who Sexually Offend  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Various explanations of sexual offending in men with intellectual disability (ID) have stressed sexual deviance and a lack of developmental socio-sexual knowledge. Method: Using the normative dataset of people with ID from the development of the "Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Assessment Tool--Revised" (SSKAAT-R: Griffiths &…

Lunsky, Yona; Frijters, Jan; Griffiths, Dorothy M.; Watson, Shelley L.; Williston, Stephanie

2007-01-01

357

Explanatory factors of sexual function in sexual minority women breast cancer survivors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The sexual function of sexual minority women (women with female partners) who are breast cancer survivors is mostly unknown. Our objective is to identify explanatory factors of sexual function among sexual minority women with breast cancer and compare them with a control sample of sexual minority women without cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a conceptual framework that has previously been applied to heterosexual breast cancer survivors, we assessed the relationship of each explanatory factor to sexual function in sexual minority women. Using generalized estimating equations, we identified explanatory factors of sexual function and identified differences by case and control status. RESULTS: Self-perception of greater sexual attractiveness and worse urogenital menopausal symptoms explain 44% of sexual function, after controlling for case and control status. Focusing only on partnered women, 45% of sexual function was explained by greater sexual attractiveness, postmenopausal status, and greater dyadic cohesion. CONCLUSIONS: All of the relevant explanatory factors for sexual function among sexual minority survivors are modifiable as has been suggested for heterosexual survivors. Sexual minority survivors differ from heterosexual survivors in that health-related quality of life is less important as an explanatory factor. These findings can guide adaptation of interventions for sexual minority survivors.

Boehmer U; Timm A; Ozonoff A; Potter J

2012-11-01

358

Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes of Men with Intellectual Disability Who Sexually Offend  

Science.gov (United States)

|Background: Various explanations of sexual offending in men with intellectual disability (ID) have stressed sexual deviance and a lack of developmental socio-sexual knowledge. Method: Using the normative dataset of people with ID from the development of the "Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Assessment Tool--Revised" (SSKAAT-R: Griffiths &…

Lunsky, Yona; Frijters, Jan; Griffiths, Dorothy M.; Watson, Shelley L.; Williston, Stephanie

2007-01-01

359

Young Women, Sexuality and Protestant Church Community  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although Christianity's clout on sexuality has generally declined in Britain due to secularization, contemporary conservative Protestantism continues to encourage a conventional construction of sexuality — sex is only for the context of heterosexual marriage. Qualitative interviews with 26 heterosex...

Sharma, Sonya

360

Young Women, Sexuality and Protestant Church Community  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Although Christianity's clout on sexuality has generally declined in Britain due to secularization, contemporary conservative Protestantism continues to encourage a conventional construction of sexuality — sex is only for the context of heterosexual marriage. Qualitative interviews ...

 
 
 
 
361

Sexual Harassment Rates Differ Among LGBTQ Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Sexual harassment rates differ among LGBTQ youth (*this news item ... more likely to report being a victim of sexual harassment within the last year, compared to their heterosexual ...

362

Sexuality in Older Adults: A Deconstructionist Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Societal myths argue against active expression of sexuality in older adults, but these prejudices are unfounded. Using a deconstructionist framework, this article addresses issues surrounding sexuality in older adults. Implications for clinical practice are given.

Huffstetler, Beverly

2006-01-01

363

Female sexual health consensus clinical guidelines.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective: To establish national guidelines for the assessment of women's sexual health concerns and the provision of sexual heath care for women. Evidence: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from May to October 2010, using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e.g., sexuality, "sexual dysfunction," "physiological," dyspareunia) and key words (e.g., sexual dysfunction, sex therapy, anorgasmia). Results were restricted, where possible, to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. There were no language restrictions. Searches were updated on a regular basis and incorporated in the guideline to December 2010. Grey (unpublished) literature was identified through searching the websites of health technology assessment and health technology assessment-related agencies, clinical practice guideline collections, clinical trial registries, and national and international medical specialty societies. Each article was screened for relevance and the full text acquired if determined to be relevant. The evidence obtained was reviewed and evaluated by the members of the Expert Workgroup established by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. Values: The quality of evidence was evaluated and recommendations made using the use of criteria described by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table). Summary Statements and Recommendations Introduction Summary Statements 1. Sexual concerns are prevalent in the population. (II-1) 2. Many women have to look outside medicine for solutions to their sexual concerns. (II-1) 3. Many health care providers have the ability to deal with sexual health issues. (II-3) 4. Health care providers need a better understanding of female sexual issues/problems. (II-3) Chapter 1: Sexuality Across the Lifespan Summary Statements 5. Children are sexual from birth. Expression of sexuality is a developmental process. (II-2) 6. Most discourse on adolescent sexuality focuses on the potential for adverse consequences such as exploitation, sexual assault, unwanted pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections, and has generally neglected to communicate to girls that expression of sexuality and sexual experimentation are normal and healthy. (II-2) 7. Age-appropriate sexual expression is a positive part of the development of adolescent girls. Negative, coercive, and discriminatory experiences can detrimentally affect sexual well-being. (II-2) 8. Variations exist in same-sex and opposite-sex sexual behaviour; same-sex and opposite-sex sexual behaviour is not equivalent to self-definition as heterosexual or lesbian or bisexual. Some women who have sex with women may be reluctant to define themselves as lesbian because women who identify themselves or who are identified by others as lesbian or bisexual may experience social discrimination. (II-2) 9. Women express their sexuality in a variety of ways and in a variety of situations, including with a partner and through masturbation. (II-2) 10. Masturbation and self-pleasuring can be important for self-knowledge and as a sexual outlet in themselves for women who have and those who do not have a partner. (III) 11. Relationship factors have a major influence on a woman's sexual well-being. (II-2) 12. Pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as experience with infertility, can affect sexual functioning. (II-2) 13. Decline in frequency of sexual activity at menopause does not alter women's potential for desire, arousal, orgasm, sexual pleasure, or sexual satisfaction. (II-2) 14. Psychological, relationship, social, cultural, and biological factors affect women's sexual well-being as they age and experience menopause. (II-2) 15. Most women with a partner continue to engage in sexual activity. Women often cease sexual activity not because of lack of interest but because they do not have a partner. (II-2) 16. Women's sexuality may be affected by biological events (e.g., puberty, childbirth, menopause, and aging), by their own p

Lamont J

2012-08-01

364

Male sexuality with advancing age.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

People aged 60 years or older are commonly given the image of grandparents who are sexually rather inactive. However, a high percentage of men over 60 years have sexual desires and are sexually active. Aging men need more time and more direct stimulation of the penis to achieve full erection. The risk of developing erectile dysfunction increases with age. Almost one man in 22 aged 60-69 years without previous erection problems develops erectile dysfunction within 1 year. Hormone replacement therapy is only indicated if testosterone deficiency is combined with the syndrome of the "aging male" and lack of other disorders that are possibly causative and could be treated. For hormone replacement therapy testosterone gel preparations are preferable because they have a short half-time and can be immediately discontinued in the event that a pre-existing occult prostate carcinoma is stimulated.

Jung A; Schill WB

2004-04-01

365

Sexual reproduction in Hawaiian Acropora  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual reproductive maturity was evaluated in Acropora valida, Acropora cytherea and Acropora humilis at French Frigate Shoals, Northwest Hawaiian Islands during two consecutive summers. Acropora valida gonads matured at different rates in different habitats in both years. Spawning was inferred by the sudden disappearance of gonads of mature size. Histological sections of fertile polyps confirmed the maturity of gonads prior to spawning. An isolated colony of A. humilis spawned in early summer. Strong indications of sexually mature colonics of A. cytherea exist, but clear temporal patterns were not apparent. Lunar period of spawning in reef flat A. valida and A. humilis differed from that reported for these species from other regions. The three species did not overlap in time of spawning. Previous ideas concerning the allochthonous origin of larval recruits, as well as the absence of Acropora from high islands of the Hawaiian chain, are re-evaluated in light of new evidence for sexual reproductive capacity by native populations.

Kenyon, Jean C.

1992-04-01

366

Altered sexual health after childbirth: part 1.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In recent years, sexual health after childbirth has emerged as an area of concern for women and healthcare professionals. In the first of this two part series which considers sexual health after childbirth, the potential risk factors associated with altered postpartum sexual health are explored. The role of healthcare professionals in providing evidence based, individualised and timely information to women on the potential for altered sexual health after childbirth is also discussed.

O'Malley D; Smith V

2013-01-01

367

Orientación sexual en estudiantes adolescentes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio descriptivo transversal en estudiantes adolescentes vinculados al sistema nacional de enseñanza de Ciudad de La Habana, con el objetivo de explorar su orientación sexual y edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, para en un segundo tiempo trazar estrategias de prevención de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS-VIH/SIDA), en esta población vulnerable y expuesta. El instrumento de recogida de la información lo constituyó una entrevista, estructurada y elaborada para estos fines. Previa a su realización se adiestró al personal especializado y se realizó un pilotaje que nos permitió realizar algunos ajustes. Se encontró asociación significativa entre el sexo y la conducta sexual en los estudiantes de tecnológicos, y existieron mayores porcentajes de la conducta heterosexual. Se aprecia un predominio de homosexuales y bisexuales en el sexo masculino. La media de edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales fue de 12.8 años en el grupo de estudiantes del sexo masculino de secundaria básicaA descriptive crosswise study of adolescent students within the National Education System in the City of Havana was performed to find out their sex knowledge and their initiation age of sex relations so that sexually-transmitted diseases (STD, HIV/AIDS) prevention strategies for this vulnerable and exposed group may be drawn-up in a second phase. The data collection way was a survey prepared and structured for this end. Prior to the survey, an specialized staff was duly trained and a trial was conducted to make some adjustments. There have been found a significant linking between sex and sex behaviour in the technological school students and higher percentages of heterosexual behaviour. Homosexuals and bisexuals are observed to be predominant in males. The average initiation age of sex relations was 12.8 years in junior high school male students

Alba Cortés Alfaro; Dania Pérez Sosa; Juan Aguilar Valdés; Martha M Valdés Hernández; Bárbara Taboada Fernández

1998-01-01

368

Cancer survivorship and sexual orientation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations are not part of cancer surveillance, resulting in scarce information about the cancer survivorship of these populations. To address this information gap, the authors examined the prevalence of cancer survivorship by sexual orientation and cancer survivors' self-reported health by sexual orientation. METHODS: The authors explored these issues by analyzing pooled data from the California Health Interview survey from 2001, 2003, and 2005. By using descriptive statistics and logistic regressions, they examined the cancer prevalence in men and women by sexual orientation and subsequently compared the self-reported health of male and female cancer survivors by sexual orientation. RESULTS: Among women, the authors found no significant differences in cancer prevalence by sexual orientation, but lesbian and bisexual female cancer survivors had 2.0 and 2.3× the odds of reporting fair or poor health compared with heterosexual female cancer survivors. Among men, we found significant differences in cancer prevalence, with gay men having 1.9× the odds of reporting a cancer diagnosis compared with heterosexual men. There were no differences by sexual orientation in male cancer survivors' self-reported health. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel findings suggest sex differences in the impact of cancer on lesbian, gay, and bisexual cancer survivors. Lesbian and bisexual cancer survivors need to be targeted by programs and services to assist these cancer survivors in improving their health perceptions, whereas healthcare providers and public health agencies need to be made aware of the higher prevalence of cancer in gay men to prevent future cancers through increased screening and primary prevention.

Boehmer U; Miao X; Ozonoff A

2011-08-01

369

Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limitaciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual.In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the particularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

Eva Alcántara Zavala; Ana Amuchástegui Herrera

2009-01-01

370

Myths of Human Sexuality in the Aging.  

Science.gov (United States)

Human sexuality is discussed in terms of misconceptions about its function and the changing sexual needs of older adults. A review of history indicates that human sexuality has traditionally been connected with ideas of purity and strict importance of procreation. Judaeo-Christian ethics and the doctrine of Saint Augustine illustrate these…

Andrus, Charles E.

371

Reducing Peer Sexual Harassment in Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

|Studies have indicated that as many as 80% of students experience some form of sexual harassment in public schools. Such statistics are troublesome, considering that peer sexual harassment can have long-term psychological effects on student victims. Public schools have a responsibility to provide a safe educational environment free of peer sexual

Eckes, Suzanne

2006-01-01

372

Graduate Students' Perceptions of Contrapower Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study compared the perceptions of 172 graduate students to traditional versus contrapower sexual harassment. Graduate students are a unique sample due to their dual role as a student and a teacher. After controlling for attitudes toward feminism and sexual harassment, participants viewed contrapower sexual harassment as less indicative of…

Mohipp, Charmaine; Senn, Charlene Y.

2008-01-01

373

Crossing the Line: Sexual Harassment at School  

Science.gov (United States)

|Sexual harassment has long been an unfortunate part of the climate in middle and high schools in the United States. Often considered a kind of bullying, sexual harassment by definition involves sex and gender and therefore warrants separate attention. The legal definition of sexual harassment also differentiates it from bullying. Based on a…

Hill, Catherine; Kearl, Holly

2011-01-01

374

Sensemaking, Organizational Culture, and Sexual Harassment  

Science.gov (United States)

|While EEOC guidelines for managing sexual harassment prescribe a strong sexual harassment policy and aggressive remedial action following complaints, a communication approach suggests a need for a more complex understanding of sexual harassment as diffused throughout an organizational culture. The present case study uses a sensemaking approach to…

Dougherty, Debbie S.; Smythe, Mary Jeanette

2004-01-01

375

Peer Sexual Harassment: Finding Voice, Changing Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

|This intervention study examines the problem of sexual harassment in an alternative high school for at-risk students. It was hypothesized that creating a forum where girls felt safe to share their experiences would increase their awareness of sexual harassment and its effects, eventually contributing to a decrease in incidents of sexual

Martin, Jennifer L.

2005-01-01

376

The impact of childbirth on female sexuality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To compare variables related to sexual functioning, namely: sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, sexual satisfaction and sexual function in women during the pregnancy and 3 months after delivery. Methods: This is an exploratory and descriptive, quantitative study. A non-probability, convenience sample of 62 women in the first stage, and of 52 women in the second stage, was used. The two groups were not significantly different regarding socio-demographic aspects. The main outcome measures used were the female sexual function as assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and a Socio-demographic and Clinical Questionnaire. Results: The women presented higher mean levels of sexual satisfaction after birth, than during the pregnancy presenting statistically significant differences. Also they had lower mean levels of sexual desire, sexual arousal and vaginal lubrication after delivery. Regarding the orgasm, they presented higher mean levels in the postpartum period. The overall sexual function after childbirth did not present significant differences when comparing the pregnancy period to the postpartum, but presented higher mean levels during the pregnancy. Pain levels were higher during the pregnancy. Conclusion: We found no significant differences between the two groups, in most of the studied variables. However, Sexual Arousal and Sexual Satisfaction presented statistically significant differences.

Isabel Leal; Sílvia Lourenço; Raquel V. Oliveira; Ana Carvalheira; João Maroco

377

Resolving Ethical Issues when Conducting Sexuality Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Ethical issues about conducting sexuality education often arise. This paper describes one system of ethics and how the sexuality educator can use that system to determine whether an action is moral or immoral and, therefore, the appropriate action to take for that sexuality educator to be consistent with his or her values. Ethical principles are…

Bruess, Clint E.; Greenberg, Jerrold S.

2008-01-01

378

Beyond Borders: Youth, Education, Sexuality, Desire  

Science.gov (United States)

This review examines two texts that relate to youth, sexuality, and education. The first is James Sears' "Youth, Education and Sexualities: An International Encyclopedia" (2005) and the second is "Youth and Sexualities: Pleasure, Subversion and Insubordination In and Out of Schools" (2004) edited by Mary Louise Rasmussen, Eric Rofes, and Susan…

Mizzi, Robert

2008-01-01

379

Sexual Violence Inside Prisons: Rates of Victimization  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

People in prison are exposed to and experience sexual violence inside prisons, further exposing them to communicable diseases and trauma. The consequences of sexual violence follow the individual into the community upon release. This paper estimates the prevalence of sexual victimization within a st...

Wolff, Nancy; Blitz, Cynthia L.; Shi, Jing; Bachman, Ronet; Siegel, Jane A.

380

Medical Advances in Child Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

|This volume is the first of a two-part special issue detailing state of the art practice in medical issues around child sexual abuse. The six articles in this issue explore methods for medical history evaluation, the rationale for when sexual examinations should take place, specific hymenal findings that suggest a child has been sexually abused,…

Alexander, Randell A.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Discourses of Exclusion: Sexuality Education's Silencing of Sexual Others  

Science.gov (United States)

This article begins with a broad historical overview detailing how school-based sexuality education has been taught from a specific kind of heterosexual perspective that has excluded lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-identified (LGBTQ) students as well as heterosexual students who do not fall along culturally dominant heterosexual…

Elia, John P.; Eliason, Mickey

2010-01-01

382

A interdisciplinaridade na violência sexual/ The interdisciplinarity in sexual violence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a inquirição da vítima de violência sexual como afronta aos direitos humanos da criança, na medida em que busca a obtenção da prova em detrimento da proteção da vítima. Aponta a ação interdisciplinar como indispensável ao trabalho envolvendo violência sexual praticada contra a criança, dando ênfase à perícia realizada por profissionais de diversas áreas (Serviço Social, Psicologia, Pedagogia, Pediatra) como instrumento capaz de produzir a prova e de garantir a dignidade e o respeito à vítima. Abstract in english The article is about the inquiry of the victim of sexual violence as an affront to children's human rights, because it searches to get evidence at the loss of the victim's protection. It points out that the interdisciplinary action is essential to the work involving the sexual violence against children, and it emphasizes the examination accomplished by professionals from different areas (Social Work, Psychology, Education, Pediatrics) as a way to produce evidence and to guarantee the victim's dignity and respect.

Azambuja, Maria Regina Fay de

2013-09-01

383

Salud sexual y envejecimiento/ Sexual health and aging  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El proceso de cambio de la población es continuo y permanente, en otras épocas la evolución de la estructura de la población era lento, pero en la actualidad se han producido movimientos muy rápidos debido al efecto acelerado del descenso de la fecundidad y el aumento de la esperanza de vida, que hace que muchos países, como es el caso de Cuba, muestren una población con un importante peso en los mayores de 60 años. En 1994 quedó plasmada por los organismos inter (more) nacionales y aceptada por los países una nueva concepción sobre la salud reproductiva, la cual unida a la evolución de la población llama a nuevas consideraciones sobre las percepciones y comportamientos de la sexualidad en el adulto mayor. Es preciso valorar de manera consecuente en este grupo las formas de sentir y actuar y las consecuencias sobre su salud sexual, aspectos que adquieren una gran significación en la actualidad. El presente trabajo brinda algunos elementos sobre la salud sexual en las personas de 60 años y más, lo que permite reflexionar sobre su comportamiento sexual y contribuir a que haya una adecuada valoración sobre estos aspectos vitales en las personas de este grupo de edad. Abstract in english The process of changes in the population is continuos and permanent. In previous times, the evolution of the populational structure was slow, but at present, very fast movements have occured as a result of the accelerated impact of decreased fertility and increased life expectancy, which has given rise to an important population section over 60 years of age existing in many countries like Cuba. In 1994, a new concept on reproductive health took shape at international bodi (more) es and was accepted by many nations worldwide; this concept together with the population development calls for new considerations about the perceptions and behaviors of the elderly´s sexuality. Consequently, it is necessary to assess the ways of feeling and acting by this group and also their effects on sexual health, a topic of great significance at the present time. Some interesting elements on the sexual health of the people aged 60 years and over were provided; this made it possible to make reflections on the current sexual behavior of the elders and to contribute to an accurate assessment of these aspects.

Álvarez Vázquez, Luisa; Rodríguez Cabrera, Aida; Salomón Avich, Nelli

2008-03-01

384

Os direitos sexuais e o enfrentamento da violência sexual Sexual rights and sexual violence confrontation  

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Full Text Available O artigo tem como temática a problematização acerca da emergência dos direitos sexuais como direitos humanos e dos processos de criminalização contemporâneos que se materializam na violência sexual, colocando em análise suas múltiplas formas de entendimento e delimitações. Busca-se visibilizar produções de saberes - sempre articulados a relações de poder - para pôr em questão processos de subjetivação, a partir da análise do funcionamento do poder biopolítico e seus efeitos na contemporaneidade.The theme of this article is the questioning about the emergence of sexual rights as human rights and criminalization processes that are manifest in contemporary sexual violence, putting in its multiple forms of analysis and understanding boundaries. The aim is to visualize production of knowledge - always articulated power relations - for questioning processes of subjectivity from the analysis of the biopolitical power operation and its effects on contemporary society.

Pedro Paulo Gastalho de Bicalho; Janaina Rodrigues Geraldini; Kely Cristina Magalhães; Luan Carpes Barros Cassal

2012-01-01

385

Os direitos sexuais e o enfrentamento da violência sexual/ Sexual rights and sexual violence confrontation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O artigo tem como temática a problematização acerca da emergência dos direitos sexuais como direitos humanos e dos processos de criminalização contemporâneos que se materializam na violência sexual, colocando em análise suas múltiplas formas de entendimento e delimitações. Busca-se visibilizar produções de saberes - sempre articulados a relações de poder - para pôr em questão processos de subjetivação, a partir da análise do funcionamento do poder biopolítico e seus efeitos na contemporaneidade. Abstract in english The theme of this article is the questioning about the emergence of sexual rights as human rights and criminalization processes that are manifest in contemporary sexual violence, putting in its multiple forms of analysis and understanding boundaries. The aim is to visualize production of knowledge - always articulated power relations - for questioning processes of subjectivity from the analysis of the biopolitical power operation and its effects on contemporary society.

Bicalho, Pedro Paulo Gastalho de; Geraldini, Janaina Rodrigues; Magalhães, Kely Cristina; Cassal, Luan Carpes Barros

2012-01-01

386

Influence of the menopause in the sexual standard: opinion of women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study we objectify: to inquire the physiological modifications of the menopause that influence the sexual standard of the woman; to know if the frequency of the sexual activity changed the menopause after and to investigate the factors aggravations or extenuating circumstances in the sexual life during this phase. One is about a study of quanti-qualitative nature, had as scene the Center of Health Almerinda Lomanto, having as informing 16 women. The data had been collected using the form. The data had been submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content of Bardin, of where categories and subcategorias had emerged: Changes observed in the sexual relationship after the menopause (Reduction of the libido, Incompreensão of the friend, did not have alteration, positive Change); Reasons that had favored the changes (physiological Alterations in the sexual act, menorragia Chronic headache nauseas fogacho/, Lack or psychological reduction of the pleasure, Alterations). We conclude that during the climatério and after the menopause, can occur physiological modifications that influence the standard of the sexual act, fits professional we while of health, to search to promote attitudes and behaviors that aim at the disruption of myths and taboos and the promotion of the sexual health.

Fabiane de Oliveira Aderne; Rosália Teixeira de Araújo

2007-01-01

387

Masturbation among women: associated factors and sexual response in a Portuguese community sample.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Masturbation is a common sexual practice with significant variations in reported incidence between men and women. The goal of this study was to explore (a) the age at initiation and frequency of masturbation, (b) the associations of masturbation with diverse variables, (c) the reported reasons for masturbating and associated emotions, and (d) the relation between frequency of masturbation and different sexual behavioral factors. Participants were 3,687 women who completed a web-based survey of previously pilot-tested items. The results reveal a high reported incidence of masturbation practices among this convenience sample of women. Among the women in this sample, 91% indicated that they had masturbated at some point in their lives, and 29.3% reported having masturbated within the past month. Masturbation behavior appears to be related to a greater sexual repertoire, more sexual fantasies, and greater reported ease in reaching sexual arousal and orgasm. Women reported many reasons for masturbation and a variety of direct and indirect techniques. A minority of women reported feeling shame and guilt associated with masturbation. Early masturbation experience might be beneficial to sexual arousal and orgasm in adulthood. Further, this study demonstrates that masturbation is a positive component in the structuring of female sexuality.

Carvalheira A; Leal I

2013-07-01

388

Sexuality after sigmoid vaginoplasty in patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the functional and sexual outcome of sigmoid vaginoplasty in patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty-nine consecutive patients with MRKH syndrome. INTERVENTION(S): Forty-eight patients underwent sigmoid vaginoplasty, and 11 were treated using the Frank method of dilatation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Functional results and sexuality were evaluated with the use of two standardized questionnaires: the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the revised Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS-R). Questions were added to analyze depression, body image perception, and desire of motherhood. RESULT(S): Out of the 68% of patients who answered the questionnaire, 73% had regular sexual intercourse. The mean total FSFI score was 28 ± 3.1 in the operated group and 30 ± 5.3 in the group treated with the Frank method. Their mean FSDS-R scores were 21 ± 12.1 and 18 ± 13.8, respectively. CONCLUSION(S): Sigmoid vaginoplasty is an effective technique providing a nearly normal sexual function to patients with vaginal aplasia. Despite this, psychologic distress related to sexuality persists in most patients, demonstrating the need for a multidisciplinary support.

Carrard C; Chevret-Measson M; Lunel A; Raudrant D

2012-03-01

389

Female sexual dysfunction: definition, classification, and debates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexual dysfunction refers to difficulties that occur during the sexual response cycle that prevent the individual from experiencing satisfaction from sexual activity. It is relatively difficult to estimate the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), because the definition and diagnostic criteria are still controversial and under development. These difficulties reveal our insufficient understanding of the basis of FSD. This review was conducted in an effort to deal with this complicated clinical issue, by examining the most updated clinical criteria of FSD under the context of a redefined female sexual response model.

Chen CH; Lin YC; Chiu LH; Chu YH; Ruan FF; Liu WM; Wang PH

2013-03-01

390

Female sexual dysfunction: definition, classification, and debates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual dysfunction refers to difficulties that occur during the sexual response cycle that prevent the individual from experiencing satisfaction from sexual activity. It is relatively difficult to estimate the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), because the definition and diagnostic criteria are still controversial and under development. These difficulties reveal our insufficient understanding of the basis of FSD. This review was conducted in an effort to deal with this complicated clinical issue, by examining the most updated clinical criteria of FSD under the context of a redefined female sexual response model. PMID:23548211

Chen, Ching-Hui; Lin, Yen-Chin; Chiu, Li-Hsuan; Chu, Yuan-Hsiang; Ruan, Fang-Fu; Liu, Wei-Min; Wang, Peng-Hui

2013-03-01

391

Coaches, Sexual Harassment and Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Sexual harassment in sport has become an active research field within the past decade yet we know relatively little about the characteristics of the harassing coach. How are harassing coaches characterised by their victims, that is, the athletes themselves? Do they demonstrate specific kinds of behaviours? One purpose of this article is to…

Fasting, Kari; Brackenridge, Celia

2009-01-01

392

Cognition, empathy, and sexual offending.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Most empathy research in the forensic context has assumed that empathy has two components. In this two-component model, the cognitive component involves perspective taking, and the affective component involves experiencing appropriate emotion. In this review, we identify how this assumption has both dominated and limited empathy research with offenders, nearly all of which has been conducted with sexual offenders. We propose instead that five components are involved in the experience of empathy: perspective taking, the ability to experience emotion, a belief that others are worthy of compassion and respect, situational factors, and an ability to manage personal distress. We suggest that the non-situational factors that blocked empathy for the victim at the time of a sexual offense are probably other dispositions known to be related to sexual offending, such as sexual preoccupation, generalized hostility to others, implicit theories about children and sex, and/or poor coping with negative emotions. We conclude with directions for practice and research, and urge greater caution in correctional policies on victim empathy programs.

Barnett GD; Mann RE

2013-01-01

393

[Sexuality during menopause. Educational guide].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sexuality constitutes a vital, powerful energy which pushes us to search for contact and companionship, which leads us to communicate and relate in a forum of pleasure and affectivity. This is all considered to be a natural process, deemed necessary for adequate personal development, besides being very healthy.

de Luque PJ; Jiménez AM; Alvarado MA; Jiménez PB; Inchausti FS

2009-11-01

394

Depression, antidepressants, and sexual function.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent studies have suggested that serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's), prescribed for the relief of depression, can cause sexual dysfunction in up to fifty percent of those taking them. The SSRI's--including fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and paroxetine (Paxil)--affect mood stabilization by promoting the transmission of the neurotransmitter serotonin, although enhancing serotonergic function can decrease libido or lead to erectile difficulties. As an alternative to lowering antidepressant dosages and risking losing therapeutic gains, administering serotonin-blockers, such as cyproheptadine (Periactin) and yohimbine (Yocon), has been shown to restore sexual function. However, the serotonin antagonist, cyproheptadine, causes sedation and can reverse the antidepressant or anti-obsessive effect of the SSRI. Yohimbine enhances transmission of the neurotransmitter epinephrine, increasing the flow of blood to erectile tissue and stimulating sexual desire by activating the cerebral cortex. Its drawbacks are increased levels of panic attacks and higher required dosages. Other potential biochemical stratagems are: amantadine (Symmetrel), bromcriptine (Parlodel), and buspirone (Buspar), which enhance dopamine and serotonin transmission; and bethanecol (Urechline), which enhances choline transmission. One study indicates improved sexual response when the nonserotonergic, mildly dopamine-enhancing buproprion (Welbutrin) is substituted for fluoxetine. PMID:11362752

Victor, B S

1995-08-01

395

Sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The association of adverse pregnancy outcome with Treponema pallidum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and herpes simplex infections is well known and specific recommendations for management have been formulated. However, other agents that are not so well known can be transmitted sexually and threaten an otherwise healthy pregnancy. These agents are discussed in order to make the nurse more aware of related maternal and fetal diseases.

Osborne NG; Pratson L

1984-01-01

396

[Sexuality between emotions and sensations].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

All sexual activity seems to revolve around a mix of sensations and feelings. The complexity of this combination sometimes makes it difficult to determine which aspect predominates. Other times, on the contrary, it is very clear which one plays the main role. In addition comes the question of the level of consciousness implicated in a possible confrontation between reality and imaginary, reality and dreams.

Abraham G; Vlatkovic D

2013-03-01

397

Attitudes towards child sexual abuse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of the present thesis was to develop a measurement instrument aimed to reveal attitudes towards child sexual abuse, and to measure attitudes and associating personal, social and cultural factors among three different samples of Norwegian adults. Additional aims were to explore the r...

Tennfjord, Oddfrid Skorpe

398

On the Interpersonal Dynamics of Sexuality.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To date, theory and research on the interpersonal dynamics of sexuality is scarce. This is remarkable because people most often have sex in a relationship. To create more valid models of sexual functioning, it is important to go beyond the study of individual factors and take into account relational and contextual variables, which may act as risk and protective factors for developing, maintaining, and exacerbating sexual problems. This article describes theoretical ideas on how sexuality and relationships can be linked through motivation and emotion regulation. First, the sexual system is conceptualized as an emotion regulation device that involves a dynamic interplay between cognitive, affective, and motivational responses. Then, it is illustrated how partner variables, relationship processes, and sociorelational context may interact with these different responses and eventually shape how sexual emotions are generated and regulated. The author continues with explaining the implications of such emotion-motivational perspective for studying determinants of sexual responding, the role of coregulation in tuning sexual responses in the couple, and the interrelation between the sexual and relational goals of both partners. Linking sexual and nonsexual aspects of relationships and including data of both couple members is necessary for a clearer insight into the nature of sexual dysfunctions.

Dewitte M

2013-10-01

399

SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (Niš, Serbia)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study was to establish better understanding of students' sexual behavior and their attitudes toward sex. A total of 2.235 students were asked to anonymously complete a 22-item questionnaire referring to their attitudes towards sex and sexual behavior. In this study, 87% of male students and 77% of female students indicated that they expected to have sexual intercourse before marriage, while 22% of male students and 13% of female students approved extramarital sexual intercourse (?2=38.431, df=1, p<