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SEXUALITY IN THE KAMA SUTRA OF VATSYAYANA  

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The ancient Hindu literature on Kama (Love) is reviewed with reference to the early works on which the Vatsyayana's Kama Sutra is based and the later works which follow it. Sexuality as described in the ancient treatise is considered under the heads of sexual foreplay, techniques of coitus, and genital oral sexuality and in the light of the modern researches. The relevance of the Kama Sutra to the present day is stressed.

Somasundaram, O.

1986-01-01

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Facilitating Sexual Health: Intimacy Enhancement Techniques for Sexual Dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Asserts that, although technological advances afford opportunities for reclaiming sexual functioning, even among individuals with chronic illness or devastating injury, they cannot ensure that sexual outlet will facilitate intimacy in a committed relationship. Explains how sex therapy addresses dysfunction in an essential relational context, and…

Southern, Stephen

1999-01-01

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Using Nominal Technique to Inform a Sexual Health Program for Black Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To describe how nominal group technique (NGT) was used to inform the development of a sexual health education program for black high school youth in the South. Methods: NGT was used with a community advisory board (CAB) to obtain information regarding the key components of a sexual health program for youth in their community. Results:…

Annang, Lucy; Hannon, Lonnie; Fletcher, Faith E.; Horn, Wendy Sykes; Cornish, Disa

2011-01-01

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Sexual dysfunctions among people living with aids in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction symptoms in patients with HIV have not been fully investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sexual dysfunction symptoms and AIDS among participants in the Brazilian Sex Life Study. METHODS: The Brazilian Sex Life Study is a cross-sectional population study. The participants answered an anonymous self-responsive inquiry. It was applied to a population sample in 18 large Brazilian cities. Answers given by those who reported having AIDS (75 were compared with those who reported not having AIDS (control; 150. This was a case-control study nested in a cross-sectional population study. RESULTS: In females, AIDS was associated with "sexual inactivity over the last 12 months" and "does not maintain sexual arousal until the end of the sex act" (P < 0.05 after adjusting for race and thyroid disease. Compared to the control group, men with AIDS had more difficulty becoming sexually aroused (they required more help from their partner to begin the sex act, they required longer foreplay than they wished, they reported losing sexual desire before the end of the sex act, and they required longer to ejaculate than they desired (P < 0.05. After adjusting for sexual orientation, sex hormone deficiency, depression, and alcoholism, only "does not have sexual desire," "have longer foreplay," and dyspareunia were associated with AIDS. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The results support the hypothesis that sexual dysfunctions are associated with AIDS. Men with AIDS need more time and stimulation to develop a sexual response, and a significant portion (37% of women with AIDS reported sexual inactivity over the last 12 months.

Marco de Tubino Scanavino

2010-01-01

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Adult Male Circumcision Performed with Plastic Clamp Technique in Turkey Results and Long-Term Effects on Sexual Function  

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Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of adult circumcisions performed by plastic clamp technique as well as the effects on sexual function. Materials and Methods: A total of 186 adult males with the mean age of 21.2 ± 2.8 years who presented to our clinic for circumcision between February 2007 and January 2010 were included in the study. Safety and acceptability of circumcision with plastic clamp technique as well as its effects on sexual functions were analyzed with a mean follow-up period of 30.4 ± 14.2 months (range, 12 to 52 months. Results: The mean duration of circumcision and removal of the clamp were 3.1 ± 1.1 minutes and 16 ± 7 seconds, respectively. The total complication rate was 2.15%. Wound dehiscence (1.07%, infection (0.54%, and bleeding (0.54% were the encountered complications. Complete wound healing was observed at a mean of 25.5 ± 4.6 days. We did not encounter any penile deformity or other long-term complications. Circumcision did not adversely affect the sexual drive or ejaculation based on the brief male sexual function inventory scores. Erectile function and overall satisfaction improved following circumcision.Conclusion: Circumcision performed by plastic clamp technique in adult males had a low early complication rate with no long-term complications and caused improvement in some of the sexual functions. We suggest the utilization of this technique as an easy and a safe way of circumcising adult males.

Ferda M. Senel

2012-11-01

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The Turn the Tables Technique (T[cube]): A Program Activity to Provide Group Facilitators Insight into Teen Sexual Behaviors and Beliefs  

Science.gov (United States)

The Turn the Tables Technique (T[cube]) is an activity designed to provide group facilitators who lead HIV/STI prevention and sexual health promotion programs with detailed and current information on teenagers' sexual behaviors and beliefs. This information can be used throughout a program to tailor content. Included is a detailed lesson plan of…

Sclafane, Jamie Heather; Merves, Marni Loiacono; Rivera, Angelic; Long, Laura; Wilson, Ken; Bauman, Laurie J.

2012-01-01

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- Comportamiento sexual de toros en la sala de monta según Las técnicas de refrenamiento (Sexual behavior of bulls in the mounting-room according to restraint techniques  

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Full Text Available Resumen. Se investigaron 104 toros de diferentes razas sometidos a régimen de inseminación artificial, con el objetivo de evaluar el comportamiento sexual en la sala de monta según las técnicas de refrenamiento utilizadas. La duración promedio del tiempo de permanencia de los toros en la sala de espera osciló entre 30,1 y 40 minutos; se apreciaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la duración del preludio eyaculatorio según las razas, cuantitativamente más importantes en los toros Brown Swiss (3,86 min. y Cebú (6,4 min.; la duración del tiempo de reacción fue más eficiente en los toros mestizos 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Cebú, por ser más cortos y con menor variabilidad; el promedio de montas falsas permitidas indica más de dos saltos falsos por monta. El coeficiente de correlación lineal entre la masa corporal según las razas y el tiempo de reacción fue de r = 0,03 y el de la edad entre el tiempo de reacción de r = 0,05. Se concluyó que el tiempo de reacción de la mayoría de los toros pudo ser afectado por el inadecuado manejo en la duración del refrenamiento pasivo en la sala de espera y el número excesivo de montas falsas permitidas. Sumary. For this work 104 bulls of different breeds subjected to artificial insemination regime were used with the objective of evaluating their sexual behavior in the mounting-room with the use of restraint techniques. The duration average of the time of permanency of the bulls in the waiting-room oscillated between 30.1 and 40 minutes; differences were appreciated statistically significant in the duration of the prelude ejaculatory according to the races, quantitatively more important in Brown Swiss (3.86 min. and Zebu (6.4 min. bulls; the duration of the time of reaction was more efficient in crossbred 5/8 Holstein x 3/8 Zebu bulls, for being shorter and with less variability; the average of allowed false mounts indicated more than two false jumps per mount. The coefficient of lineal correlation between the corporal mass, according to the races and the time of reaction, was of r = 0.03 and that of the age between the time of reaction was r = 0.05. It was concluded that the reaction time of most of the bulls could be affected by the inadequate handling in the duration of the passive restraint in the waiting-room and by the excessive number of allowed false mounts.

Luis O. Alba Gómez

2006-02-01

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What Would Your Journal Say if It Could Talk Back? Using Dialogue Journals as a Technique in Adolescent HIV/STI Prevention and Sexual Health Promotion Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Dialogue journaling is a technique that is useful for enhancing the goals of sexual health promotion and HIV/STI prevention programs with 14-to 17-year-old at-risk youth. Included is a detailed lesson plan on how to implement dialogue journaling in this context, a discussion of advantages and concerns about using them, and future implications for…

Sclafane, Jamie Heather

2013-01-01

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The short-term effect of surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence using sub urethral support techniques on sexual function  

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the sexual function of women and to identify whether such treatment can improve their sexual function and overall quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 heterosexual women with such indication were studied using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, modified by introducing one question to evaluate the impact of urine loss. This was applied preoperatively and six months after surgery...

Pinto, Antonio C.; Fabio Baracat; Montellato, Nelson D.; Mitre, Anuar I.; Lucon, Antonio M.; Miguel Srougi

2007-01-01

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Race-based sexual preferences in a sample of online profiles of urban men seeking sex with men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Race-based sexual preferences in the online profiles of men who have sex with men (MSM) may be relevant for understanding the sexual health of this population, including racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection. In October 2011, a content analysis was conducted of the profiles of Boston-area members of a racially diverse website for MSM. The present analysis formatively examined the use of demographic and partner selection criteria by race/ethnicity appearing in the profiles of men who indicated race-based partner preferences (n = 89). Latino men were the most frequently preferred race (54 %), followed by White (52 %), Black (48 %), and Asian (12 %) men. In separate multivariable models adjusted for age and HIV status disclosure, wanting low-risk foreplay was associated with a preference for White men (aOR) = 4.27; 95 % CI = 1.70-10.75; p = 0.002), while wanting group sex was associated with a preference for Black (OR = 2.28; 95 % CI = 1.08-4.81; p = 0.03) and Latino men (OR = 2.56; 95 % CI = 1.25-5.23; p = 0.01). Future studies are needed to replicate findings in larger online samples. Mixed-methods research should explore how racial and behavioral preferences impact the sexual mixing patterns and health of MSM online in urban areas. PMID:24496568

White, Jaclyn M; Reisner, Sari L; Dunham, Emilia; Mimiaga, Matthew J

2014-08-01

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Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... Pap Smears Pelvic Exams Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Sexual Attraction and Orientation Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Partner About Condoms Tampons, Pads, and Other Period Supplies ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... exciting. Sexual aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many ... applied regularly. Sexual aids, also known as “sex toys” can be used to enhance sexual pleasure. There ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available Sexuality is the experience and/or expression of a person as a sexual being. Sexuality can be different from person to person and can vary over time in an ... and explanations. Sexuality is the experience and/or expression of a person as a sexual being. It ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... disease, dysfunction, or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, ... pleasure and satisfaction. Sex also has many other positive health benefits, such as reducing stress, improving self- ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... dyspareunia is a pain disorder that interferes with sexuality, as opposed to a sexual disorder characterized by ... difficult, even when a woman wants sexual penetration. Women with this condition can still achieve orgasm and ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... concerns with your sexual partner. Because they are complex, sexual concerns are treated in many different ways. ... a healthcare professional. Although sexual problems can be complex, there are a variety of treatments that can ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, often reduce sexual desire and response. However, some other antidepressants have been shown to improve sexual desire. In ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: desire disorders, ... the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main categories: sexual ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... with your healthcare provider or sexual counselor. Let’s begin with some definitions and explanations. Sexuality is the ... on the sexual stimulation and sensations, her body begins to respond both physically and psychologically. Continued stimulation ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... embedded video, please click here . Transcript Disorders of sexual dysfunction can be lifelong or they may begin at ... interfere with sexual activity or are associated with sexual dysfunction, such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other ...

 
 
 
 
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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... and the person feels disgust and revulsion towards sexual activity. The main feature is avoidance, which is similar ... little or no sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. This lack of desire is beyond what normally ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... desire disorders, arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual pain disorders. If you are experiencing problems viewing this ... disorders, sexual arousal disorders, orgasmic disorders, and sexual pain disorders. We’ll discuss each of these briefly. ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a sexual trauma can greatly influence how a person functions sexually. Social and interpersonal factors that can affect sexual function include relationship problems, religious beliefs, cultural beliefs, ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... example, anal pain in homosexual men. Women with female sexual arousal disorder have little or no genital ... in sexual intercourse. There are several subtypes of female sexual arousal disorders. Female orgasmic disorder is a ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... associated with sexual activity as part of a chronic pelvic pain syndrome, 3) painful genital conditions that ... or are associated with sexual dysfunction, such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other causes of sexual ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... genital contact with a sexual partner and the person feels disgust and revulsion towards sexual activity. The ... which is similar to what happens when a person has a phobia or fear. Hypoactive sexual desire ...

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Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse is any form of non-consensual physical contact. It includes rape, molestation, or any sexual conduct with a ... exercise consent. Who are the perpetrators? Perpetrators of sexual abuse include attendants, employees of care facilities, family members ( ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available Sexuality is the experience and/or expression of a person as a sexual being. Sexuality can be different from person to person and ... with some definitions and explanations. Sexuality is the experience and/or expression of a person as a ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... reducing stress, improving self-esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part ... his or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual ...

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Estimating the duration of sexual behavior: a laboratory analog study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Estimate of male orgasm latency, a common parameter of the sex history, is hypothetically subject to retrospective distortion. This investigation attempted to assess the degree and direction of the distortion using a laboratory analog procedure. Groups of sophomore medical students were shown a movie depicting a couple engaging in continuous foreplay and coitus. About half were asked to estimate the length of the foreplay and coitus periods in minutes. The other half were required to judge whether time periods were average, below average, or above average in duration for people of their own age. Subjects tended to overestimate the length of the coitus period in the film, but not the foreplay period. Females tended to estimate both periods as significantly longer than males. Nearly half of the group judged the foreplay period to be average, and over 60% judged the coital period to be average. Less than 23% thought that the coital period was below average. Married subjects tended to regard both time periods as above average, compared to single subjects. A possible inference from this investigation is that the mean young adult male orgasm latency is probably in the range of 2-3 minutes. PMID:6639328

Levitt, E E

1983-08-01

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Internet Sexualities  

Science.gov (United States)

The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

Döring, Nicola

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Techniques Used in Forensic Psychological Examinations in Cases of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse / Tecnicas Utilizadas en las Pericias Psicologicas en Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil / Tecnicas Utilizadas nas Pericias Psicologicas em Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atualmente, não há um protocolo padronizado para avaliação de situações de abuso sexual. Neste sentido, este estudo investigou as técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos na prática pericial em casos de suspeita de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil no contexto da investigação criminal. Doze psicólogos que atua [...] m como peritos nos Institutos Médico-Legais de seis capitais brasileiras foram entrevistados com entrevistas semi-estruturadas, que foram analisadas qualitativamente com o auxílio do software WebQDA. Os resultados apresentaram uma diversidade de ações empreendidas na prática pericial, assim como a presença de consensos e controvérsias em relação ao uso de testes psicológicos e da avaliação da credibilidade do relato. Também foi observada flexibilidade por parte das equipes na condução das perícias, adaptando as técnicas de acordo com as necessidades. Destaca-se a importância da diversidade técnica, que visa a auxiliar o perito na busca de conclusões confiáveis, bem como a manter o rigor técnico e a qualidade das avaliações. Abstract in spanish Actualmente, no hay un protocolo estandarizado para evaluación de situaciones de abuso sexual. En este sentido, este estudio investigó las técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos en la práctica pericial en casos de sospecha de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil en el contexto de la investigación criminal. Fuer [...] on utilizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas con doce psicólogos que actúan como peritos en los Institutos Médico-Legales de seis capitales brasileñas, que fueron analizadas cualitativamente con el auxilio del software WebQDA. Los resultados presentaron una diversidad de acciones emprendidas en la práctica pericial, así como la presencia de consensos y controversias en relación al uso de pruebas psicológicas y evaluación de la credibilidad del relato. También fue observada flexibilidad por parte de los equipos en la conducción de las pericias, adaptando las técnicas de acuerdo con las necesidades. Se destaca la importancia de la diversidad técnica, que visa a auxiliar el perito en la búsqueda de conclusiones confiables, así como a mantener el rigor técnico y la calidad de las evaluaciones. Abstract in english Currently, there is no standardized protocol for the evaluation of situations of sexual abuse. Thus, this study investigated the techniques used by psychologists in forensic examinations in cases of suspected child and adolescent sexual abuse in the context of the criminal investigation. Semi-struct [...] ured interviews, which were qualitatively analyzed using the WebQDA software, were applied with twelve psychologists who work as expert witnesses in the Medical-Legal Institute of six Brazilian capitals. The results showed a diversity of actions taken in the forensic examination practice, as well as consensus and controversy regarding the use of psychological testing and the credibility assessment of the report. Flexibility in conducting the forensic examinations by the teams was also observed, with the techniques used adapted according to the needs. The importance of the diversity of techniques was highlighted, as these aim to assist the expert witness to come to reliable conclusions, as well as maintain the rigor and technical quality of the evaluation.

Lara Lages, Gava; Debora Dalbosco, DellAglio.

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Techniques Used in Forensic Psychological Examinations in Cases of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse / Tecnicas Utilizadas en las Pericias Psicologicas en Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil / Tecnicas Utilizadas nas Pericias Psicologicas em Casos de Abuso Sexual Infanto-Juvenil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Atualmente, não há um protocolo padronizado para avaliação de situações de abuso sexual. Neste sentido, este estudo investigou as técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos na prática pericial em casos de suspeita de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil no contexto da investigação criminal. Doze psicólogos que atua [...] m como peritos nos Institutos Médico-Legais de seis capitais brasileiras foram entrevistados com entrevistas semi-estruturadas, que foram analisadas qualitativamente com o auxílio do software WebQDA. Os resultados apresentaram uma diversidade de ações empreendidas na prática pericial, assim como a presença de consensos e controvérsias em relação ao uso de testes psicológicos e da avaliação da credibilidade do relato. Também foi observada flexibilidade por parte das equipes na condução das perícias, adaptando as técnicas de acordo com as necessidades. Destaca-se a importância da diversidade técnica, que visa a auxiliar o perito na busca de conclusões confiáveis, bem como a manter o rigor técnico e a qualidade das avaliações. Abstract in spanish Actualmente, no hay un protocolo estandarizado para evaluación de situaciones de abuso sexual. En este sentido, este estudio investigó las técnicas utilizadas por psicólogos en la práctica pericial en casos de sospecha de abuso sexual infanto-juvenil en el contexto de la investigación criminal. Fuer [...] on utilizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas con doce psicólogos que actúan como peritos en los Institutos Médico-Legales de seis capitales brasileñas, que fueron analizadas cualitativamente con el auxilio del software WebQDA. Los resultados presentaron una diversidad de acciones emprendidas en la práctica pericial, así como la presencia de consensos y controversias en relación al uso de pruebas psicológicas y evaluación de la credibilidad del relato. También fue observada flexibilidad por parte de los equipos en la conducción de las pericias, adaptando las técnicas de acuerdo con las necesidades. Se destaca la importancia de la diversidad técnica, que visa a auxiliar el perito en la búsqueda de conclusiones confiables, así como a mantener el rigor técnico y la calidad de las evaluaciones. Abstract in english Currently, there is no standardized protocol for the evaluation of situations of sexual abuse. Thus, this study investigated the techniques used by psychologists in forensic examinations in cases of suspected child and adolescent sexual abuse in the context of the criminal investigation. Semi-struct [...] ured interviews, which were qualitatively analyzed using the WebQDA software, were applied with twelve psychologists who work as expert witnesses in the Medical-Legal Institute of six Brazilian capitals. The results showed a diversity of actions taken in the forensic examination practice, as well as consensus and controversy regarding the use of psychological testing and the credibility assessment of the report. Flexibility in conducting the forensic examinations by the teams was also observed, with the techniques used adapted according to the needs. The importance of the diversity of techniques was highlighted, as these aim to assist the expert witness to come to reliable conclusions, as well as maintain the rigor and technical quality of the evaluation.

Lara Lages, Gava; Debora Dalbosco, DellAglio.

2013-09-01

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... vary over the course of a lifetime. The World Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a ... upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... person as a sexual being. It involves the complex interplay of sex (whether a person is biologically ... arousal. Because a woman’s sexual response is more complex and circuitous than that of a man, and ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... expression of social and behavioral norms), and sexual orientation (who a person is sexually attracted to). It’s ... interest in sex, the inability to become aroused, problems getting and/or maintaining an erection, a delay ...

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Sexual Violence  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual Violence National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Division of Violence Prevention Facts at a Glance 2012 Adults ... at some time in their lives. 1 Sexual Violence Facts at a Glance Non-fatal Injuries, Medical ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... and sexual pain disorders. If you are experiencing problems viewing this embedded video, please click here . Transcript ... completion of sexual activity. This is a common problem that may be due to many factors, including ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... sexuality in all types of relationships, whether between men and women or partners of the same sex. ... considered to be penile-vaginal intercourse between a man and a woman. Other sexual activities, such as ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... be situational or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: ... occur all the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main ...

 
 
 
 
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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... psychosocial factors, other researchers have shown that a women’s response intertwines both her physical and emotional sexual drive. This would explain how women can start, or be receptive to, a sexual ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... intercourse between a man and a woman. Other sexual activities, such as oral sex, anal sex, mutual masturbation, ... encounter. For example, a woman may enter into sexual activity to increase emotional closeness and commitment without having ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... erection, a delay or absence of orgasm and pain with sexual activity. Psychologic factors that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a sexual trauma can greatly influence ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... of low desire in women, there is some evidence that it may improve sexual experiences in postmenopausal ... men with low testosterone levels, there is some evidence that testosterone therapy may improve sexual function. A ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... defined sexual health as “…a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to ... a women’s response intertwines both her physical and emotional sexual drive. This would explain how women can ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... between a man and a woman. Other sexual activities, such as oral sex, anal sex, mutual masturbation, etc., can be included where intercourse may not be the goal in the sexual experience. What is most important ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... having any previous desire or thoughts about sexual activities. As she focuses on the sexual stimulation and sensations, her body begins to respond both physically and psychologically. Continued ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... to its unaroused stated, called resolution. “Normal” sexual function has been described in many ways by different investigators. Most people think about sexual function as described by Masters and Johnson in the ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... this is considered within the normal range sexual function. Female dyspareunia is pain in the vaginal area ... see” their actions. In addition to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... Psychologic factors that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a sexual trauma can greatly influence how a person functions sexually. Social and interpersonal factors that can affect sexual function ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... associated with sexual activity as part of a chronic pelvic pain syndrome, 3) painful genital conditions that interfere with ... or are associated with sexual dysfunction, such as chronic testicular pain, and 4) other causes of sexual pain that ...

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Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

We review the current state of sexual harassment theory, research, treatment, and prevention. Definitional problems and implications are discussed. An examination of the epidemiology of sexual harassment is presented, highlighting correlates that include characteristics of the organizational environment, the perpetrator, and the recipient of unwanted sexual behavior. Normative responses to sexual harassment and consequences are discussed. Descriptions of the most prevalent models of sexual harassment are offered and the empirical evidence for them is briefly reviewed. From there, the effect of model development and evaluation on the prevention and treatment of sexual harassment is considered. We comment on the steps that would need to be taken to develop viable prevention and treatment programs. Suggestions for fruitful avenues of research and theory development are offered. PMID:11351834

Sbraga, T P; O'Donohue, W

2000-01-01

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Psychological assessment through performance-based techniques and self-reports: a case study of a sexually abused girl at preschool age.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

We investigated the implicit psychological and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse in an adolescent girl who suffered child sexual abuse at preschool age in this case report. We report the manifestations of this abuse on her personality and psychological functioning using a structured clinical interview and a comprehensive psychological battery including the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Standard Progressive Matrices, Rorschach Ink Blots, and the Schema Mode Inventory. These investigations were useful in formulating both a diagnosis and a management plan. The girl fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode and borderline personality disorder. This combination of psychological testing may be useful in establishing an accurate multiaxial diagnosis and for understanding the behavioral and psychological sequelae of child sexual abuse in similar cases. The study further suggests that schema-focused therapy is a useful therapeutic tool for individuals who have suffered child sexual abuse at an early age and who have borderline personality disorder.

Khalily, Muhammad Tahir

2011-05-01

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Sexual Hypnotherapy for Couples and Family Counselors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the utilization of Ericksonian hypnotic techniques in conjunction with cognitive behavioral techniques collectively labeled the New Hypnosis, as they apply to the treatment of male and female sexual dysfunction within a counseling setting. Specific techniques to improve functioning throughout the five stages of sexual response are…

Araoz, Daniel; Burte, Jan; Goldin, Eugene

2001-01-01

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Sexual Assault  

Science.gov (United States)

... Return to top How can I lower my risk of sexual assault? There are things you can do to reduce your chances of being sexually assaulted. Follow these tips from the National Crime Prevention Council. Be aware of your surroundings — who’s ...

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Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... to improving sexual function, pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can improve pelvic pain and urinary incontinence. Medical therapy may ... women who have vaginal symptoms only, vaginal estrogen can be prescribed. ... it may improve sexual experiences in postmenopausal women. This use is ...

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Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... be influenced by cultural pressures that do not encourage sexuality in older women. Depression and relationship difficulties may also inhibit the ... sexual activity. About one out of 10 older women have pain during ... when they were younger. While young men normally engage in sex 3-4 times ...

58

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... clinician. If you have a sexual concern, it is important to know that help is available. Share your concerns with your healthcare provider, ... vaginal vestibule for the treatment of vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual ...

59

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part of his or her sexuality. Let’s ... to become aroused, problems getting and/or maintaining an erection, a delay or absence of orgasm and ...

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Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s physical sexual response is an important part of his or her ... There are also physical changes during the sexual response in men. During arousal, a man’s penis becomes ...

 
 
 
 
61

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... common problem that may be due to many factors, including physical, psychological, medical conditions, or medications. Men with male orgasmic disorder have a delay in, or absence of, orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase with sexual activity. In diagnosing this, the clinician ...

62

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... classified as a dysfunction and can be lifelong or begin at any age. It can be situational or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women ... Transcript Disorders of sexual dysfunction can be lifelong or they may begin at any stage of life. ...

63

Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bulllying  

Science.gov (United States)

... Size What's in this article? What Are Sexual Bullying and Harassment? What Behaviors Count? Flirting or Harassment? How to Handle Sexual ... t make much difference if something is called bullying or harassment. This kind of behavior is upsetting no matter what it's called. Like ...

64

Sexual Assertiveness Mediates the Effect of Social Interaction Anxiety on Sexual Victimization Risk among College Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques.…

Schry, Amie R.; White, Susan W.

2013-01-01

65

Teaching Sexual History-Taking Skills Using the Sexual Events Classification System  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The authors review the literature about educational programs for teaching sexual history-taking skills and describe novel techniques for teaching these skills. Methods: Psychiatric residents enrolled in a brief sexual history-taking course that included instruction on the Sexual Events Classification System, feedback on residents'…

Fidler, Donald C.; Petri, Justin Daniel; Chapman, Mark

2010-01-01

66

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... vary over the course of a lifetime. The World Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a ... often occur close together, but they are actually two separate events. After orgasm, the body returns to ...

67

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... as phimosis or a tight frenulum, and other types of sexual pain disorders, for example, anal pain ... are treated in many different ways. Often, multiple types of treatment may be required and are used ...

68

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... include hormone therapy, antidepressants, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, which are drugs often used for erectile dysfunction, and other medications. ... may improve sexual function. A group of antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, often ...

69

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find it helpful to discuss ... which are types of specific sexual exercises. Sex therapists and counselors are mental health providers who have ...

70

Sexual Difficulties  

Science.gov (United States)

... describes the normal physical changes in men and women that come with age. It also discusses the effects of illness, disability, and emotional concerns of sexuality in later life. Atrophic Vaginitis (Copyright © UCLA Health ...

71

Healthy Sexuality  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a person is biologically male or female), gender identity (how people identify themselves as male, female or ... include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a sexual trauma can greatly influence ...

72

Healthy Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

... a person is biologically male or female), gender identity (how people identify themselves as male, female or ... include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body image. Memories of a sexual trauma can greatly influence ...

73

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... problems. This specialist may be a physician, psychologist, social worker, or physical therapist. You may also find ... aids include lubricants, moisturizers, and sexual toys. Lubricants work by reducing friction between tissues. Many different types ...

74

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being ... or the body may return to its unexcited state, called resolution. There are also physical changes during ...

75

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... all types of relationships, whether between men and women or partners of the same sex. Sex often ... psychosocial factors, other researchers have shown that a women’s response intertwines both her physical and emotional sexual ...

76

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... as a dysfunction and can be lifelong or begin at any age. It can be situational or ... sexual dysfunction can be lifelong or they may begin at any stage of life. They can also ...

77

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... the course of a lifetime. The World Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a state of ... abdomen. Also during this phase, many non-genital changes occur; a woman’s nipples become erect, her blood ...

78

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... a relationship’s duration and life cycle. The clinical diagnosis of HSDD is subjective and takes into account ... refer you to a specialist trained in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual problems. This specialist may ...

79

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... identify themselves as male, female or other), gender roles (a person’s expression of social and behavioral norms), ... sexual activity. Psychologic factors that may play a role include anxiety, depression, stress, abuse, and poor body ...

80

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... close together, but they are actually two separate events. After orgasm, the body returns to its unaroused ... upbringing. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ...

 
 
 
 
81

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... proposed to improve libido in women, however more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety. ... shown to improve sexual desire. In a small study of nondepressed women and men with desire and ...

82

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... inhibitors, or SSRIs, often reduce sexual desire and response. However, some other antidepressants have been shown to ... FDA because it produced only small improvements in response rates compared with placebo and was associated with ...

83

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... sexual concern, it is important to know that help is available. Share your concerns with your healthcare ... are structured “touching” activities that are designed to help couples increase their comfort with physical intimacy and ...

84

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... the course of a lifetime. The World Health Organization has defined sexual health as “…a state of ... many other positive health benefits, such as reducing stress, improving self-esteem, and cardiovascular health. A person’s ...

85

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... increase strength and tone. Biofeedback therapy involves the placement of biofeedback sensors that allow an individual to “ ... are many other herbs, supplements, and other “natural” products that are advertised to improve sexual performance or ...

86

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from the walls of the vagina. The vaginal muscles relax, causing ... desire that she may not have had at first. Sometimes people worry about their sexual health and ...

87

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... vulvodynia. Sex is an important part of your life and sexual concerns should be taken seriously. When ... everyone can achieve the healthy and satisfying sex life that they deserve.

88

Healthy Sexuality  

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Full Text Available ... persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.” The concept of “sex,” is difficult to define and varies ... and Johnson, other researchers have modified the original concept with different descriptions of the sexual response. In ...

89

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... physical abnormalities should be checked by a clinician. If you have a sexual concern, it is important ... are associated with vaginal irritation and may break if used with latex condoms. Moisturizers also reduce friction ...

90

Sexual Jealousy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion. Although it lacks a distinctive facial expression and is unlikely to solve problems of survival, it evolved because it solves adaptive problems of mating. Some adaptive functions are similar in men and women at one level of abstraction, such as warding off potential mate poachers and deterring relationship defection. Other functions are sex-differentiated, such as increasing paternity probability for men and monopolizing a mate's economic commitments for women. Dozens of studies have documented sex-differentiated design features of jealousy: The relative upset about sexual and emotional aspects of infidelity; processing speed and memorial recall of sexual and emotional infidelity cues; physiological distress to sexual and emotional infidelity cues; qualities of same-sex rivals that evoke jealousy, such as superior job prospects versus greater physical attractiveness; triggers of mate retention tactics; jealous interrogations following the discovery of infidelity; and whether an infidelity produces forgiveness or breakup. Although showing all the hallmarks of evolved functionality, sexual jealousy also leads to tremendous destruction, from humiliation to homicide. By these scientific theoretical and empirical criteria, sexual jealousy is properly considered not only "basic" but also "one of the most important emotions".

David M. Buss

2013-09-01

91

[Adolescent sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

Between 1975-79, adolescents between ages 14-18 in Austrian schools were questioned about their sexual behavior. In contrast to earlier reports, an increased incidence and earlier onset of premarital sexual activity was seen. Of the 2809 individuals questioned, 41% of the females and 36% of the males had already had intercourse. There was a strong age dependence. At age 16, 30% had already engaged in sex; 49% at age 17; 65% at age 18; and 75% at age 19. Prior to age 16, 23% had already had intercourse. Early physical maturation (acceleration) freedom both sexually and morally, and a greater independence from the ethical and moral authority of the church seem to play a major part in this development. Love and fidelity play a major role among young people. The change of partners and promiscuity are not typical behavioral features among young people. The reproductive function of sexual activity is of no concern to young people; this aspect of sexuality must be eliminated through contraception. Contraception is a central topic for young people. 85% of this group do not feel that early onset of intercourse contradicts marriage. 95% of all young people want to marry and have a family at a later date. (author's modified) PMID:7112445

Husslein, A

1982-06-01

92

[Sexual violence--sexualized violence].  

Science.gov (United States)

The fusion of sexuality and violence is a major issue of concern and has become a central issue of social policy. That fusion can be observed in private circumstances as well as in society at large. Children and young people as well as women and men can fall victim to that phenomenon. Eventually, due to gender stereotyping, the awareness of the victimization of the male gender is somewhat weak. In the social-political discourse the male is seen as dominant and powerful and the female gender as the weak one. Sexual violence and/or domination therefore is interpreted as mirroring the genderized balance of power in society. Otherwise the phenomenon is very complex and cannot be explained by simplistic or one-dimensional interpretations. In respect of definitions it is necessary to separate "sexual violence", as an aspect of sexual behavior, and "sexualized power". The latter means the use of sexuality for the display of power and violence. That kind of fusion is visible in all kinds of interactions--on the private level as well as in the sense of "structural power" (like in war, torture, etc.). To theory and practice of psychiatry and psychotherapy the situation brings a whole series of objectives. On the one hand these disciplines have the task to study the phenomenon in different contexts and to contribute to the understanding of the psychic and psychosocial processes which lead to the fusion of the drives. On the other hand it is their obligation to treat the victims of sexual trauma. In recent times much insight has been gained in that context. Nevertheless there has to be much future work done, to understand the phenomenon more deeply and to develop adapted and efficient concepts for prevention and treatment. PMID:16392425

Springer, Alfred

2005-12-01

93

Sexual Problems  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... following a normal excitement phase. It’s important to note that many women are able to achieve orgasm ... interstitial cystitis, endometriosis, and adhesions. It’s important to note that psychological problems such as sexual abuse can ...

94

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... have specialized training in working with people with sexual concerns. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on how one’s thinking influences feelings and behavior. Sensate focus exercises are structured “touching” activities that ...

95

Sexual Problems  

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Full Text Available ... diagnosis of HSDD is subjective and takes into account the person’s age, physical health, and personal life ... activity. In diagnosing this, the clinician takes into account the man’s age, and judges the sexual activity ...

96

Sexual Violence  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

This podcast discusses sexual violence - what it is, the long-term health problems it can contribute to, and tips to stop it before it begins.  Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/4/2011.

2011-04-04

97

Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility  

Science.gov (United States)

... asrm.org PATIENT FACT SHEET Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility You probably don't realize how many people ... talk to a sex therapist. Sexual dysfunction and infertility Sexual dysfunction may cause problems getting pregnant (infertility). ...

98

Child Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual abuse is one form of child abuse. It includes a wide range of actions between a child ... to children or pressuring them for sex is sexual abuse. Using a child for pornography is also sexual ...

99

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... STDs. Your risk of getting an STD is higher when: • There are more sexual partners involved. • Illegal ... is possible by following simple sexual hygiene. The higher the number of sexual partners you have and ...

100

Hormones and female sexuality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but with...

Bjelica Artur L.; Kapamadžija Aleksandra; Maticki-Sekuli? Milana

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Biology of Sexual Dysfunction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sexual activity is a multifaceted activity, involving complex interactions between the nervous system, the endocrine system, the vascular system and a variety of structures that are instrumental in sexual excitement, intercourse and satisfaction. Sexual function has three components i.e., desire, arousal and orgasm. Many sexual dysfunctions can be categorized according to the phase of sexual response that is affected. In actual clinical practice however, sexual desire, arousal and orgasmic di...

2009-01-01

102

Biology of sexual dysfunction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sexual activity is a multifaceted activity, involving complex interactions between the nervous system, the endocrine system, the vascular system and a variety of structures that are instrumental in sexual excitement, intercourse and satisfaction. Sexual function has three components i.e., desire, arousal and orgasm. Many sexual dysfunctions can be categorized according to the phase of sexual response that is affected. In actual clinical practice however, sexual desire, arousal and orgasmic di...

Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj; Nagesh Brahmavar Pai; Telkar Srinivasrao Sathyanarayana Rao; Nishant Goyal

2009-01-01

103

Childhood Sexual Abuse  

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Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually tow...

Evrim Aktepe

2009-01-01

104

Hypnotherapy and Female Sexual Inadequacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. Glick describes the use of hypnosis in the treatment of primary and secondary frigidity, dyspareunia and psychosomatic symptoms in female sexual inadequacy. He uses case histories to show the various techniques used and the results that can be expected. PMID:20468741

Glick, Daniel

1972-01-01

105

Hormones and female sexuality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction In contrast to animal species in which linear relationships exist between hormonal status and sexual behaviour sexuality in human population is not determined so simply by the level of sexual steroids. The article analyses female sexuality in the light of hormonal status. Administration of sexual steroids during pregnancy and sexual differentiation High doses of gestagens, especially those with high androgen activity, widely used against miscarriages may lead to tomboys, but without differences in sexual orientation. However, it has been observed that the frequency of bisexual and lesbian women is higher in women with congenital adrenogenital syndrome. Hormones sexual desire and sexuality during menstrual cycle It has been established that sexual desire, autoeroticism and sexual fantasies in women depend on androgen levels. There are a lot of reports claiming that sexual desire varies during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal contraception and sexuality Most patients using birth control pills present with decreased libido. But, there are reports that progestagens with antiandrogenic effect in contraceptive pills do not affect sexual desire. Hormonal changes in peri- and postmenopausal period and sexuality Decreased levels of estrogen and testosterone in older women are associated with decreased libido, sensitivity and erotic stimuli. Sexuality and hormone replacement therapy Hormonal therapy with estrogen is efficient in reference to genital atrophy, but not to sexual desire. Really increased libido is achieved using androgens. Also, therapy with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA and tibolone have positive effects on female libido. Conclusion Effect of sexual steroids on sexual sphere of women is very complex. The association between hormones and sexuality is multidimensional, as several hormones are important in regulation of sexual behaviour. Still, it should be pointed out that sexuality is in the domain of hormonal, emotional-motivational and social factors.

Bjelica Artur L.

2003-01-01

106

Sexuality and the law.  

Science.gov (United States)

Federal, state, and local laws in the US now govern almost every aspect of sexuality. This includes sexuality at the workplace, sexuality education, adolescent sexuality, access to sexuality information and sexually explicit materials, sexual orientation, and sexually transmitted disease(STD)/HIV transmission. Almost 33% of the US Supreme Court's docket this past term concerned sexuality issues. In contrast to 50 years ago, when sexuality law was confined to the criminal arena, contemporary "sex crimes" primarily relate to nonconsensual and exploitative behaviors. It is time for lawmakers, judges, lawyers, policy analysts, lobbyists, and advocates to realize they cannot legislate or litigate how, when, or why people fall in love. Rather, the role of the law should be to create and preserve models of justice and equality that seek to preserve one's individual rights to privacy and freedom to choose in matters related to one's sexuality. This includes free access to age-appropriate sexuality information, the right to marriage and children regardless of sexual orientation, comprehensive sexuality education that encompasses information about avoiding unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STDs, access to contraception and abortion, protection from sexually abusive or exploitative relationships, and access to sexual health care. PMID:12295182

Portelli, C J

1998-01-01

107

Sexuality and Islam.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. PMID:20441406

Dialmy, Abdessamad

2010-06-01

108

Inhibited Sexual Desire and Sexual Avoidance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) is one of the most common sexual dysfunctions, especially in women. Family physicians have an opportunity to recognize ISD before the associated problems become entrenched, and to guide couples toward satisfactory resolution. A summary is presented of current thinking on ISD and its causes. Case reports and observations about frequency of and treatment for ISD are included. Much less has been written about sexual avoidance in the presence of desire. A definition ...

Morse, William I.

1985-01-01

109

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... than 20 STDs, the most deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, ... when they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted ...

110

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... particularly important when you begin a new sexual relationship. You should also learn to recognize common symptoms ... STDs is a difficult part of a sexual relationship. However, it is needed to help stop the ...

111

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Sexually Transmitted Diseases Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most common infectious diseases in the United States. There are more than 20 STDs, the most ...

112

Sexual Problems in Women  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many problems that can keep a woman from enjoying sex. They include Lack of sexual desire Inability to become aroused Lack of orgasm, or sexual climax Painful intercourse These problems may have physical or psychological causes. Physical causes ...

113

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... during sexual activity. It also spreads through shared needles used by intravenous drug users. People who have ... other STDs can be transmitted by sharing IV needles. If you have only one sexual partner who ...

114

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... a category of diseases that are spread via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal ... off infection. The HIV virus spreads primarily during sexual activity. It also spreads through shared needles used by ...

115

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... medical check-up consists of a detailed sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The ... You know very little about your partner’s sexual history. This document is for informational purposes and is ...

116

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: ... of sexually transmitted viruses. Usually infections that are caused by a virus cannot be cured, but in ...

117

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... 20 STDs, the most deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and ... and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when ...

118

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Sexually Transmitted Diseases Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are some of the most common infectious diseases in the United States. There are more than 20 STDs, the most deadly being ...

119

Sexual Dysfunction in Women  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sexual dysfunction takes place in the context of women's lives and affects their sexuality and self-esteem. Awareness of these influences are vital to the management of the dysfunction and the promotion of positive sexuality. The family physician's contribution to both the prevention and management of sexual concerns includes an awareness of societal influences and facilitation of a woman's sense of her own power and control over her life.

Brown, Pamela

1989-01-01

120

Identifying Sexual Dysfunction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many patients present sexual concerns, which they may express openly or in various covert ways. Identifying sexual dysfunction is therefore an important part of family practice. All family doctors must be sexual counsellors at some time, and their effectiveness or lack of it will influence patients' lives. In order to maintain patients' confidence, the family physician must have empathy, non-judgmental counselling skills, and up-to-date information on sexuality.

Brown, Pamela; Still, Hereford

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... such as liver failure, cancers, neurological problems and death! Preventing STDs is possible by following simple sexual hygiene. The higher the number of sexual partners you have and the less you know about their sexual and drug habits, the higher your risk of getting an ...

122

Contraception and sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

Contraception has changed female sexuality. The possibility of sex without pregnancy is taken for granted by most women and facilitates sexual availability. Potential consequences to female sexual response are linked to the various contraceptive methods in use today. This is a comprehensive review article of existing literature that explores the impact of current contraceptive methods upon the female sexual response cycle with potential sexual dysfunction. The definitions and classifications of female sexual response and female sexual dysfunction are also reviewed. Combination estrogen and progesterone contraceptive products decrease testosterone and increase sex hormone binding globulin without consistent impact upon libido. Progesterone only methods can in small numbers decrease libido and cause vaginal dryness and dyspareunia. Bleeding irregularities contribute to vaginal dryness and vulvar irritation. In the postpartum period and during lactation, these changes are exacerbated. Overall, IUD users have no significant effect on libido. Female sterilization generally has a positive impact upon sexuality unless the woman has been ambivalent over the procedure. Barrier and natural family planning methods are neutral. The freedom of sexual activity without pregnancy must be balanced with known side effects, risks and benefits to sexual health. The impact of contraceptive methods upon sexual function is not often discussed with women prior to initiation of a selected method or at subsequent visits. It is important that as clinicians we recognize the impact of contraceptive methods to sexual functioning and counsel our patients appropriately. PMID:20827250

Shah, M B; Hoffstetter, S

2010-08-01

123

Loneliness and Sexual Dysfunctions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that sexual dysfunctions result from early childhood experiences which were originally nonsexual in nature. Contends that psychological difficulties centered around problems of loneliness tend to generate certain sexual dysfunctions. Extends and explores suggestion that genesis of sexual conflicts is in nonsexual infant separation anxiety…

Mijuskovic, Ben

1987-01-01

124

Sexual Behavior in Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveys conducted between the 1930's and 1970's on the sexual behavior of adolescents indicate the following: (1) older adolescents are more sexually experienced now than in earlier generations; (2) there has been a greater increase in incidence of premarital sex for females than males; and (3) there is a trend toward earlier sexual experience for…

Hopkins, J. Roy

1977-01-01

125

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sex...

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; Mcfall, Richard M.

2008-01-01

126

Transsexuals' sexual stories.  

Science.gov (United States)

When viewed through a popular cultural lens, male-to-female transsexuals' sexual biographies can appear to indicate male transvestitism, heterosexuality, or homosexuality rather than transsexuality. How do transsexuals subvert such implications and construct transsexual identities? Drawing on K. Plummer's (1995) approach to sexual stories, we examine how nine male-to-female transsexuals construct their sexual pasts to accomplish what sociologists call "identity work." Interviewees used gendered sexual scripts, cultural discourse on the biological basis of male sexual arousal, and a discourse of therapeutic individualism to narratively defetishize autoerotic crossdressing, queer straight sex, refashion transvestic sex, and straighten out gay sex. PMID:16502155

Schrock, Douglas P; Reid, Lori L

2006-02-01

127

Anthropology of sexual exploitation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors observe sexual exploitation from an anthropological perspective. They analyze the rational, ethical, emotional and mythological dimensions of human sexuality. Consequently, after setting the phenomenon in a social and historical context, sexual exploitation is closely observed in the contemporary age. Based on thoughts of relevant thinkers, they make the conclusion that the elimination of sexual exploitation is not an utterly legal issue, but political and economical issues as well. Namely, legal norms are not sufficient to overcome sexual exploitation, but, political and economical relationships in contemporary societies, which will be based on sincere equal opportunities must be established.

Lali? Velibor

2009-01-01

128

Drugs and sexual behavior.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the association between drugs and sexual behavior in a sample of polydrug substance abusers recruited from several Italian therapeutic communities; participants were 90 polydrug substance abusers (opiates, cocaine, amphetamine, inhalants, marijuana/sedatives or hallucinogens abusers) who were compared with 90 nonsubstance-abusing individuals. Sexual behavior was measured by the Italian version of the Sex and the Average Woman (or Man; SAWM), a questionnaire that assesses different kind of sexual attitudes. Results showed that drug-abusing individuals are particularly inclined to search for sexual intercourse and are open to different kinds of sexual experiences; however, they have difficulties in establishing committed and deep relationships with their partners, showing signs of inhibition, affective detachment or anger. Their sexual lives are also surrounded by negative emotions, disturbing thoughts and maladjusted behaviors. The importance of integrating sexual problems into therapeutic strategies is discussed. PMID:23457886

Bruno, Antonio; Scimeca, Giuseppe; Marino, Antonio G; Mento, Carmela; Micò, Umberto; Romeo, Vincenzo M; Pandolfo, Gianluca; Zoccali, Rocco; Muscatello, Maria R A

2012-01-01

129

Sexual Self-Schemas, Sexual Dysfunction, and the Sexual Responses of Women with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Accumulating evidence points to the mediating effects of sexual self-schemas on the sexual difficulties of women with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The following study adds to the extant literature by investigating (1) sexual function and (2) sexual satisfaction utilizing validated measures, and reporting on the relationship between sexual self-schemas and physiological (vaginal photoplethysmography), subjective, and affective responses during laboratory exposure to sexual stimul...

Rellini, Alessandra H.; Meston, Cindy M.

2011-01-01

130

Late Adolescent Girls' Sexual Experiences and Sexual Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presented and tested a model of sexual satisfaction for late adolescent girls. In this model, sexual self-concept and approach sexual motives were tested as predictors of adolescent girls' sexual satisfaction with their most recent experience of sexual intercourse. A total of 116 girls in 12th grade (ages 16-19) completed measures of…

Impett, Emily A.; Tolman, Deborah L.

2006-01-01

131

Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sexual abuse is defined as use of child or adolescent by the adults for satisfying of sexual urges and needs with forcing, threatening or tricking. Sexual abuse can be in the form of sexual abuse without touch, sexual touch, interfemoral intercourse, sexual penetration, and sexual exploitation. The prevalence of sexual abuse is reported as 10-40%. It is seen in female four times more than in males. Abusers are frequently male, only 5-15% of them are female. The abuse by females is usually towards male child. Thirty-fifty percent of abuse cases among child and adolescent are outside the family including strangers or familiar person. Some features of abusers are introvert personality, pedophilic and antisocial personality. Most of the abusers have a history of sexual abuse or aggression during childhood. Sexual intercourse between two people who are not allowed to marry by law is called as incest. Family pattern of incest is defined globally as disorganized and dysfunctional. The most commonly reported familial pattern is rigid and patriarchal family pattern with a harsh father using force quite frequently. The clinical features and impacts of the sexual abuse on the child varies according to the relation between abusers and the child, form of abuse, duration of abuse, presence of physical assault, developmental phase, child age and psychological development before the abuse. Sexual abuse history may result in psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, substance dependence, suicide act, borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder. Abuse negatively affects interpersonal relationships and self esteem of abused individuals. Several studies reported close association between risky sexual behaviors in adulthood and a history of of sexual abuse during childhood. Four traumatic dynamics including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness, and stigmatization exist in childhood abuse. Trauma can cause behavioral and psychological results by itself, early trauma may also lead to biological effects. Especially traumas during neuron plasticity phase may lead hypersensitivity of neuroendocrine stress response. Early life stresses are shown to lead changes in corticotrophin releasing factor system in preclinical and clinical phase studies. In the treatment of sexual abuse, emotional process related with trauma should be focused on. This process may be conducted with play therapy. Development of higher level defense mechanism, increasing ego capacity, orientation to social activity and personal activity according to skills is aimed. For the elimination of guiltiness related with stigmatization, the child should be told that it is not herhis fault to incorporate into sexual interaction and the culprit is abuser. It is fairly important for medical staff, school and family to have sufficient information about sexual abuse for prevention and early recognition.

Evrim Aktepe

2009-08-01

132

Sexual behavior of adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction Numerous studies have shown that sexual behavior increases among adolescents. Disharmony between biological and psychosocial maturity among young people may cause risky behavior, and endanger psychophysical and reproductive health of young persons. Material and methods A questionnaire on sexual behavior was completed by 169 adolescents, 1st and 4th year high school students. Results Every 6th first grade and every 2nd forth grade adolescent is sexually active. Male adolescents begin sexual activities significantly earlier (at the age of 15.6 than female adolescents (16.5. Also, young men have significantly more partners (3.6 than girls (1.3, and more parallel sexual relations than girls. Only 1/3 of sexually active adolescents always use some kind of contraception, more frequently boys (41.9% than girls (26.7%. Discussion Early commencement of sexual activity results with longer active period before realization of the reproductive function, which increases risk for reproductive health disorders. Unprotected sexual intercourse and large number of partners also present significant risk factors. Conclusion Sexual life of adolescents begins at the age of 16, on average, and only every third always uses contraceptive protection, which points to a need for better education on reproductive health by using contemporary methods. It is also necessary to increase availability of contraceptives (condoms at all places where adolescents spend time (in schools, bars, cinemas, disco clubs etc. in order to achieve responsible sexual behavior and protection of reproductive health among youth.

Mijatovi?-Jovanovi? Vesna

2004-01-01

133

[Sexuality and urological diseases].  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory dysfunction). Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation are two times more common in men with chronic pelvic pain/chronic prostatitis. All treatments of prostate cancer are responsible for sexual dysfunctions. Sexual disorders frequently appear during the management of infertile couples. Information and support should be offered to couples. Women with urinary incontinence also suffer frequently from coital incontinence. PMID:25201599

Droupy, Stéphane

2014-10-01

134

[Depressive symptoms and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The mutually reinforcing dyad of depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction is scientifically established. The cure of depression improves sexual dysfunction (SD) and the treatment of SD induces improvement of depression. Most of anti-depressants induce negative sexual side effects that lead to non-compliance of these treatments. The knowledge of interrelation between depression, anti-depressants and sexuality is of great importance in clinical practice. PMID:25148948

Porto, Robert

2014-10-01

135

The Sexual Assault Examination  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The sexual assault examination poses many problems for physicians. They must deal not only with the patient's physical and emotional trauma, but also collect forensic evidence, and provide proper treatment and follow-up. Patient management has been simplified and improved in Ontario by a standardized sexual assault examination kit. It has been used at McMaster University's Regional Sexual Assault Centre since its establishment in 1979. The first step in managing victims is ensuring their well...

Hargot, L. A.

1985-01-01

136

Sexual behavior of adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction Numerous studies have shown that sexual behavior increases among adolescents. Disharmony between biological and psychosocial maturity among young people may cause risky behavior, and endanger psychophysical and reproductive health of young persons. Material and methods A questionnaire on sexual behavior was completed by 169 adolescents, 1st and 4th year high school students. Results Every 6th first grade and every 2nd forth grade adolescent is sexually active. Male adolescents be...

Mijatovi?-Jovanovi? Vesna; Ukropina Snežana; Kvrgi? Svetlana T.; Šurkovi?-Ni?iforovi? Olja

2004-01-01

137

Sexual deviance and psychopathy as risk factors for sexual violence  

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This study examined the co-occurrence of psychopathy and sexual deviance in sexual offenders (N = 76). The relationship between psychopathy and sexual deviance was assessed in terms of their independence and whether they interacted to increase sexual recidivism significantly. The predictive values of psychopathy and sexual deviance as individual risk factors were also explored. Psychopathy and sexual deviance as general constructs were independent, although a number of specific aspects of psy...

Jackson, Karla Jean

2007-01-01

138

La salud sexual en la adolescencia tardía / Sexual health in late adolescence / A saúde sexual na adolescência tardia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A sexualidade constitui um aspecto legítimo para o desenvolvimento do adolescente. É necessário colocar a necessidade de que os adolescentes sejam apoiados pelo mundo adulto para atingir um desenvolvimento pleno e harmonioso de sua saúde sexual. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estimular a participação [...] dos adolescentes em etapa tardia (17-19 anos de idade), na promoção de sua saúde sexual. A pesquisa está baseada no paradigma qualitativo, matriz epistêmica fenomenológica cujo método, a investigaçãoação participante, permitiu a realização de oficinas vivenciais sobre crescimento pessoal, educação sexual e educação em valores, com sete adolescentes de ambos os sexos durante o período janeiro-abril de 2006. As técnicas qualitativas de colheita da informação se basearam em entrevistas abertas, observação participante e discussão grupal. Resultados: os descobrimentos permitiram afirmar que os/as adolescentes possuem informação sexual insuficiente e deformada que não se traduz em comportamentos preventivos e saudáveis em suas práticas sexuais. Conclusões: existe um sistema de crenças sobre estereótipos de gênero e uma desinformação sexual, que fazem parte dos padrões sócio-culturais nos participantes da pesquisa. Abstract in spanish La sexualidad constituye un aspecto legítimo para el desarrollo del adolescente. Es necesario plantear la necesidad de que los adolescentes sean apoyados por el mundo adulto para lograr un desarrollo pleno y armonioso de su salud sexual. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estimular la participaci [...] ón de los adolescentes en etapa tardía (17-19 años de edad), en la promoción de su salud sexual. La investigación se apoya en el paradigma cualitativo, matriz epistémica fenomenológica cuyo método, la investigación-acción participante, permitió la realización de talleres vivenciales sobre crecimiento personal, educación sexual y educación en valores, con siete adolescentes de ambos sexos durante el período enero-abril del 2006. Las técnicas cualitativas de recolección de la información se basaron en entrevistas abiertas, observación participante y discusión grupal. Resultados: los hallazgos permitieron afirmar que los/ las adolescentes poseen información sexual insuficiente y deformada que no se traduce en comportamientos preventivos y saludables en sus prácticas sexuales. Conclusiones: existe un sistema de creencias sobre estereotipos de género y una desinformación sexual, que forman parte de los patrones socioculturales en los participantes de la investigación. Abstract in english Sexuality is a legitimate aspect for the development of the teenager. It is necessary to raise the need that teenagers are supported by the adult world in order to achieve a full and harmonious development of their sexual health. The goal of this research was to stimulate participation from teenager [...] s in their late stage (17-19 years old), in promoting sexual health. The research is supported on the qualitative paradigm, phenomenological epistemic matrix which methodology, participative action-research, allowed doing experiential workshops on personal growth, sexual education and values education, with seven teenagers from both genders during the period of April 2006. The qualitative techniques of collecting information were based on open interviews, participative observation and group discussion. Results: the findings allowed affirming that teenagers (from both genders), have not enough and deformed sexual information which does not translate into healthy and preventive behaviors when practicing sex. Conclusions: there is a believe system on gender stereotypes and a sexual disinformation, which are part of the socio-cultural patterns in the research’s participants.

Esther A, Caricote Ágreda.

139

La salud sexual en la adolescencia tardía / Sexual health in late adolescence / A saúde sexual na adolescência tardia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese A sexualidade constitui um aspecto legítimo para o desenvolvimento do adolescente. É necessário colocar a necessidade de que os adolescentes sejam apoiados pelo mundo adulto para atingir um desenvolvimento pleno e harmonioso de sua saúde sexual. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estimular a participação [...] dos adolescentes em etapa tardia (17-19 anos de idade), na promoção de sua saúde sexual. A pesquisa está baseada no paradigma qualitativo, matriz epistêmica fenomenológica cujo método, a investigaçãoação participante, permitiu a realização de oficinas vivenciais sobre crescimento pessoal, educação sexual e educação em valores, com sete adolescentes de ambos os sexos durante o período janeiro-abril de 2006. As técnicas qualitativas de colheita da informação se basearam em entrevistas abertas, observação participante e discussão grupal. Resultados: os descobrimentos permitiram afirmar que os/as adolescentes possuem informação sexual insuficiente e deformada que não se traduz em comportamentos preventivos e saudáveis em suas práticas sexuais. Conclusões: existe um sistema de crenças sobre estereótipos de gênero e uma desinformação sexual, que fazem parte dos padrões sócio-culturais nos participantes da pesquisa. Abstract in spanish La sexualidad constituye un aspecto legítimo para el desarrollo del adolescente. Es necesario plantear la necesidad de que los adolescentes sean apoyados por el mundo adulto para lograr un desarrollo pleno y armonioso de su salud sexual. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estimular la participaci [...] ón de los adolescentes en etapa tardía (17-19 años de edad), en la promoción de su salud sexual. La investigación se apoya en el paradigma cualitativo, matriz epistémica fenomenológica cuyo método, la investigación-acción participante, permitió la realización de talleres vivenciales sobre crecimiento personal, educación sexual y educación en valores, con siete adolescentes de ambos sexos durante el período enero-abril del 2006. Las técnicas cualitativas de recolección de la información se basaron en entrevistas abiertas, observación participante y discusión grupal. Resultados: los hallazgos permitieron afirmar que los/ las adolescentes poseen información sexual insuficiente y deformada que no se traduce en comportamientos preventivos y saludables en sus prácticas sexuales. Conclusiones: existe un sistema de creencias sobre estereotipos de género y una desinformación sexual, que forman parte de los patrones socioculturales en los participantes de la investigación. Abstract in english Sexuality is a legitimate aspect for the development of the teenager. It is necessary to raise the need that teenagers are supported by the adult world in order to achieve a full and harmonious development of their sexual health. The goal of this research was to stimulate participation from teenager [...] s in their late stage (17-19 years old), in promoting sexual health. The research is supported on the qualitative paradigm, phenomenological epistemic matrix which methodology, participative action-research, allowed doing experiential workshops on personal growth, sexual education and values education, with seven teenagers from both genders during the period of April 2006. The qualitative techniques of collecting information were based on open interviews, participative observation and group discussion. Results: the findings allowed affirming that teenagers (from both genders), have not enough and deformed sexual information which does not translate into healthy and preventive behaviors when practicing sex. Conclusions: there is a believe system on gender stereotypes and a sexual disinformation, which are part of the socio-cultural patterns in the research’s participants.

Esther A, Caricote Ágreda.

2009-06-01

140

The sexual and ontology  

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Full Text Available This paper explores some of the crucial ontological implications of the psychoanalytic theory of sexuality in its Freudo-Lacanian orientation. As irreducible to different sexual practices and contents, the concept of sexuality obtains conceptual weight that makes it particularly relevant for philosophical ontological thinking. Starting from the hypothesis that something about sexuality is constitutively unconscious - that is to say, existing only in the form of the unconscious - the paper points at the singular short-circuit of the epistemological and ontological level which is at work in psychoanalytic theory, and which cannot be neglected in philosophical examination of the relation between knowledge and being.

Zupan?i? Alenka

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

FAQ: Child Sexual Exploitation  

Science.gov (United States)

... FAQ Missing Children Child Sexual Exploitation CyberTipline Child Victim Identification Sex Offender Tracking Child Sex Trafficking Voluntary Industry Initiatives International Collaboration Success Stories FAQ ...

142

Premature Ejaculation and Utilization of Cognitive Techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Premature ejaculation is the most common male sexual dysfunction leading to distress in many couples. Master and Johnson emphasized the concept of early learned experiences and Kaplan emphasized lack of sensory awareness. For treatment sex therapists mainly utilize start-stop and squeeze techniques as homework. Couples enter sex therapy with some cognitive distortions and beliefs about sex and sexuality. These beliefs are also named sexual myths. For some couples using techniques to challenge cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs about sex and sexuality can be used. In this paper by presenting a case we discussed how cognitive techniques can be used along with behaviour techniques with couples. Case: Presenting clients are five years married couple who are thirty and twenty nine years old respectively. They attended to the outpatient clinic with the request of the female client. Their main complaint was premature ejaculation. They were diagnosed premature ejaculation using clinical interview. In treatment besides start and stop technique, cognitive techniques were utilized to address dysfunctional beliefs about sexuality. Discussion: Premature ejaculation is a male sexual dysfunction that causes distress and intimacy problems between couples. Stop start and squeeze techniques were accepted as the choice of treatment but their effectiveness is questioned recently. Also cognitive distortions and maladaptive beliefs may hamper therapy progress. Besides that, behavioral techniques utilizing cognitive techniques to lessen the degree of dysfunctional beliefs about sex and sexuality may help the couple to overcome premature ejaculation and enhance sexual satisfaction and intimacy.

Serkan AKKOYUNLU

2013-03-01

143

Sexual Dysfunctions in Rape Victims.  

Science.gov (United States)

This two-study investigation focused on sexual dysfunctions subsequent to sexual assault. The subjects were selected from area rape crisis centers, social service agencies, and media outreach. In Study 1, 400 sexual assault victims were interviewed in dep...

J. V. Becker

1983-01-01

144

Sexual risk reduction needs of adolescents living with HIV in clinical care setting  

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As anti-retroviral therapy becomes increasingly available, young people living with HIV need tailored support to adopt healthy sexual behaviors. There has been a gap in the availability of culturally appropriate techniques for secondary prevention and sexual risk reduction in this target group. This formative study assessed sexual and reproductive health needs and problems, as well as determinants of sexual risk-taking among young people living with HIV aged 11-21 years attending the Paediatr...

Bakeera-kitaka, S.; Nabukeera-barungi, N.; No?stlinger, C.; Addy, K.; Colebunders, R.

2008-01-01

145

Dysfunctional anger and sexual violence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual offenses with or without aggression attract attention from the popular media and the scientific community. Empirical research suggests a relationship between anger and sexual violence. This article describes the key themes of dysfunctional anger and sexual violence, and how dysfunctional anger relates to sexual fantasies, sexual offending, and sexual recidivism. The implications of the findings for clinical practice and future research are discussed. PMID:24877709

Ahmed, A G

2014-06-01

146

Preventing Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.  

Science.gov (United States)

Keeping sexual harassment incidents at bay in the workplace involves prevention training that teaches people how to identify harassment and how to respond, using such techniques as role play and discussion. Trainees should also be informed of the organization's policy and procedures for reporting complaints. (JOW)

Thacker, Rebecca A.

1992-01-01

147

Am I Sexually Normal?  

Science.gov (United States)

... I am a physician, I learned more about sexuality from friends, partners and women's magazines than I did from medical school. The ... not only affects the physical function of your sexuality, but also interprets ... over time in one person. Some women have few or no orgasms, or no orgasms ...

148

Evaluating Sexuality Education Curriculums.  

Science.gov (United States)

In contrast to studies of abstinence-only programs, studies of abstinence-plus curricula indicate that students do not increase sexual activity. Parents, teachers, and administrators should evaluate all sexuality education programs according to three important criteria: credibility of training materials, curriculum content, and curriculum…

Wiley, David C.; Terlosky, Beverly

2000-01-01

149

Male sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Approximately 31% of men suffer from a sexual dysfunction in their lifetime. This review aims to provide the family practitioner with an approach to managing common cases of male sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, using consensus guidelines. [...

P, Ramlachan; M M, Campbell.

150

Male sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Approximately 31% of men suffer from a sexual dysfunction in their lifetime. This review aims to provide the family practitioner with an approach to managing common cases of male sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, using consensus guidelines. [...

P, Ramlachan; M M, Campbell.

2014-06-01

151

Sexual Harassment in Nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual harassment in the workplace, specifically in nursing, is discussed. The impact of sexual harassment, characteristics of those commonly involved, the need for changing attitudes of men and women in the workplace, the factor of power in relationships, and ways to avoid legal suits are all examined. (CT)

Duldt, Bonnie W.

1982-01-01

152

Sexuality and Aging.  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature on sexuality and aging and Maslow's hierarchy of needs (which include physiological needs, safety and security needs, belongingness needs, esteem needs, and the need for self-actualization) are used in this paper to identify at each level the needs of the aging individual as they derive from his sexuality in order to provide a…

Hinkley, Nancy E.

153

Female Sexuality: An Enigma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes constructions of sexuality that have occurred within social context in which language, culture, and behavior interact to reinforce male power. Against backdrop of these patriarchal examples of female sexual expression and experience, discusses difficulties of female clients. Addresses critical counseling concerns in terms of contextual…

Daniluk, Judith

1991-01-01

154

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... spread via sexual activities, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused ... can involve the mouth or rectum, especially when oral and anal sex are practiced. Swabs from open sores or discharges ...

155

Teen Sexual Behavior Calculator  

Science.gov (United States)

... Many parents find these statistics alarming. Our teen sexual behavior calculator can help you assess your teen's likelihood of having sex. The answer can help you educate your teen about the consequences of early sexual activity. This test should be used only as ...

156

Sexing Geography, Teaching Sexualities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Draws on experiences as a straight feminist geographer to address questions regarding teaching sexualities in geography. Looks at "sexing" and "queering" geography curricula at the college level; discusses strategies to make universities and classrooms less heterosexist and lesbo/homophobic; and discusses dilemmas of disclosing sexuality in the…

England, Kim

1999-01-01

157

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... are an example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. They cling together to feed from the body ... chlamydia, and chancroid are examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. ... multiply when they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are ...

158

Female sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Patients want to discuss concerns about their sexual health, but these discussions can be difficult to initiate. Most patients wait for their healthcare provider to enquire about their sexual health. Female sexual problems are highly prevalent, affecting up to 43% of women. Between a third and half [...] of these women describe their problem/s as distressing, causing a major impact on their quality of life and interpersonal relationships. Addressing sexual health issues with patients can enhance medical practice and improve patient well-being. This article provides healthcare providers with an approach to addressing female sexual dysfunction, along with an overview of diagnosis and treatment options.

R, Boa.

2014-06-01

159

Changes in Women's Sexual Behavior Following Sexual Assault  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examines changes in women's sexual activity and behavior following sexual assault and the relationship between alcohol abuse and postassault promiscuity. Although many researchers have focused on avoidance of sexual activity following an assault, some have suggested that women may exhibit an increase in sexual activity…

Deliramich, Aimee N.; Gray, Matt J.

2008-01-01

160

RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sexual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351. The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18. Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years, average (15 years and late (later than 15 years. The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

Espada, José P.

2014-06-01

 
 
 
 
161

Outcomes of Sexual Behaviors among Sexual Minority Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

Very little is known about outcomes of sexual behavior for sexual minority youth. In this chapter, I review relevant literature and draw on findings from my own research to initiate an inquiry into this important topic. I begin with a brief overview of the range of sexual behaviors of sexual minority adolescents and young adults. Next, I describe…

Morgan, Elizabeth M.

2014-01-01

162

Experiencing sexuality after intestinal stoma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar as Representações Sociais (RS) da pessoa estomizada intestinal sobre vivência da sexualidade após confecção do estoma. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo do ponto de vista do referencial da Representação Social. Participaram 15 estomizados, sendo 8 mulheres, [...] com idade média de 57,9 anos, entre agosto e setembro de 2005. Dados obtidos por entrevistas, transcritas, foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, originando a unidade temática "Ressignificando a sexualidade" e subtemas. RESULTADOS: Demonstrou-se que o estoma intestinal interfere na dinâmica da vivência da sexualidade, desvelando que os significados a ela atribuídos estão ancorados nas histórias individuais de vida, na qualidade das relações pessoais/conjugais estabelecidas na prática e na percepção da sexualidade, apesar do estoma. CONCLUSÕES: Representações Sociais sobre vivência da sexualidade após estoma estão ancoradas nos significados atribuídos ao corpo, veiculadas no cotidiano e presentes no imaginário social. É influenciada por outros fatores, como alterações fisiológicas decorrentes do ato cirúrgico e da existência de parceiro. Cuidados adotados nas práticas sexuais propiciam maior segurança e conforto nos momentos de intimidade, tornando-as mais próximas daquilo que vivenciavam antes do estoma. A autoirrigação, associada ou não ao oclusor, constituiu estratégia facilitadora para melhor aceitação do estoma, sendo essencial para vida sexual mais prazerosa. A assistência à pessoa estomizada deve ser integral, não se limitando apenas à doença e ao cuidado técnico, que são importantes, mas não únicos. O trabalho interdisciplinar da equipe de saúde deve vislumbrar a pessoa em sua totalidade, buscando real encontro entre sujeitos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Identify the Social Representations (SR) of ostomized people in terms of sexuality after the stoma. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study using the Social Representation Theory with 15 ostomized people (8 females), mean age of 57.9 years, between August and September 200 [...] 5. Data obtained from transcribed interviews were submitted to content analysis, resulting in the thematic unit "Giving new meaning to sexuality" and subthemes. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that the intestinal stoma interferes in the sexuality experience, showing that the meanings attributed to this experience are based on individual life stories, quality of personal relationships established in practice and perception of sexuality, despite the stoma. CONCLUSIONS: The Social Representations, in terms of experiencing sexuality after the stoma, are based on meanings attributed to the body, associated with daily life and present in the social imaginary. It is influenced by other factors, such as physiological changes resulting from the surgery and the fact of having or not a partner. Care taken during sexual practices provide greater security and comfort in moments of intimacy, resembling the closest to what ostomized people experienced before the stoma. The self-irrigation technique associated or not with the use of artificial occluder, has been attested by its users as a positive element that makes a difference in sexual practice after the stoma. The support to ostomized people should be comprehensive, not limited to technical care and disease, which are important, but not sufficient. The interdisciplinary health team should consider all aspects of the person, seeking a real meeting between subjects.

Maria Angela Boccara de, Paula; Renata Ferreira, Takahashi; Pedro Roberto de, Paula.

163

Televised sexual content and parental mediation: Influences on adolescent sexuality  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Little research has been conducted to examine the influence of exposure to televised sexual content on adolescent sexuality or how parental intervention may reduce negative effects of viewing such content. This study uses self-report data from 1,012 adolescents to investigate the relations among exposure to sexually suggestive programming, parental mediation strategies, and three types of adolescent sexuality outcomes: participation in oral sex and sexual intercourse, future intentions to eng...

Fisher, Deborah A.; Hill, Douglas L.; Grube, Joel W.; Bersamin, Melina M.; Walker, Samantha; Gruber, Enid L.

2009-01-01

164

Sexuality and Reproductive Issues (PDQ)  

Science.gov (United States)

... known about how other types of cancer affect sexuality . Both sexual desire and ability can be affected. The most common sexual problems for cancer patients include the following: Loss of desire for sexual activity in both men and women. In men, problems getting and keeping an erection . ...

165

Sexual function and ageing  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The development of medications for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men has, on one level, medicalised the notion of sexual dysfunction. However, it has also allowed researchers to explore many other aspects of sexual function in older persons. Health and well-being are positively affected b [...] y sexual activity. Older persons engaging in regular consensual sex have shown improved well-being in both physical and psychological health, associated with fewer health problems as they age. Engaging in intercourse has been correlated with improved intimate relationships, improved cardiovascular health and lower rates of depression.

L, Geffen.

2014-06-01

166

Sexual Behavior, Sexual Knowledge, and Sexual Attitudes of Emerging Adult Women: Implications for Working with Families  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to examine the sexual behavior of emerging adult women in relation to their sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and perceptions of their parents' sexual attitudes; and second, to discuss the implications of this research in working with young adult women. Three hundred and sixty-four college-age women…

Byno, Lucy H.; Mullis, Ronald L.; Mullis, Ann K.

2009-01-01

167

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... than 20 STDs, the most deadly being the HIV virus. Other sexually transmitted diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. This reference summary reviews some common STDs and how they can be ...

168

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... they invade the cells of their host. HIV, herpes, and hepatitis are examples of sexually transmitted viruses. ... that are caused by viruses are AIDS, genital herpes, and genital warts. This section discusses each of ...

169

Healthy Aging -- Sexual Health  

Science.gov (United States)

... is and why STIs are especially harmful to women. It lists common STIs and their symptoms. Explore other publications and websites Age Page: Sexuality in Later Life - This brochure describes the normal ...

170

Sexuality After Breast Cancer  

Science.gov (United States)

... after breast cancer You may have concerns about sexuality after breast cancer. Physical changes (such as those after surgery ) make some women less comfortable with their bodies. Some treatments for ...

171

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... or crabs. Pubic lice infect pubic hair and live by sucking blood. They are spread through sexual ... lead to serious complications, such as liver failure, cancers, neurological problems and death! Preventing STDs is possible ...

172

Sexuality and Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

... to decision-making, cultural norms, peer pressures, relationships, social skills and opportunities. Positioning sexuality within the context of community life requires the development of personal values and adult responsibilities. An ideal curriculum will ensure that individuals with ...

173

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... examples of sexually transmitted bacteria. Viruses: Viruses are complex molecules that can multiply when they invade the ... they are infected! Herpes sores usually disappear within 2 to 3 weeks, but the virus remains in ...

174

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... are caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get ... example of sexually transmitted parasites. Bacteria: Bacteria are organisms made of one cell. They cling together to ...

175

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... very cold probe. If warts come back, interferon injections may be given. Interferon is a medication that ... up consists of a detailed sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The exam includes ...

176

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by one of 3 types of organisms. Parasites: Parasites are very small animals that get nourishment ...

177

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... hp070106 Last reviewed: 06/25/2013 5 A medical check-up consists of a detailed sexual history, as well as a detailed medical examination. The exam includes a thorough check of ...

178

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... reviews some common STDs and how they can be diagnosed, treated, and prevented. Causes of STDs An infectious disease is a disease that can be passed from one person to another. Sexually transmitted ...

179

Child abuse - sexual  

Science.gov (United States)

... abuse , including: Alcohol and drug abuse Family troubles Poverty Abusers sometimes have a history of physical or ... for sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis and HIV, and pregnancy in females. These tests can help ...

180

Abuso sexual y violación  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

¿Qué es la violencia sexual?/Qué es una violación?/Efectos de una violación/Qué es el síndrome de trauma por violación?/Porqué es importante denunciar el hecho asi sea sólo para obtener asistencia médica.

Jime?nez Sua?rez, Sonia; Lili, Fundacio?n Valle

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... These tests can be done during a routine visit to your doctor's office. This is particularly important when you begin a new sexual relationship. You should also learn to recognize common symptoms of STDs. Seek ...

182

[Sexuality and death].  

Science.gov (United States)

It is intented to show two apparently antithetic poles: Sexuality and Death, in fact interpenetrate themselves, disguising the fear of death, or the desire to die, Eros' world. Different expressions of culture are analyzed, especially the one known as The Profane Time, the time for work, which is characterized by the submission to interdicts (prohibitions) and, on the other hand, the Time for Joy or The Sacred Time, characterized by the transgression of such prohibitions. Its relationship with the interdicts'violations in the sexual as well as in the death arena is analyzed in order to connect the human being's fear in the presence of the unrestraint, the overflow and the abandonment of the time established for work that would imply free sexuality. The latter is connected with some conclusions that could be considered useful in the field of Sexual Therapies, with a certain critical look at the mechanist settlement applied to those treatments. PMID:16645674

Sapetti, Adrián

2006-01-01

183

Traumatic sexuality after intrafamilial sexual abuse: a case report with compulsive sexual behaviour  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is one of the most diffucult issue to be talked over and studied. All instances of abuse are not recognized or reported because of shame and guilt feelings, or hidden from other family members. It can lead to both immediate and long-term adverse behavioral and psychological effects that carry over into adulthood. A causal model identifying rehationship among sexual abuse situation characteristics, based on Finkelhor and Browne?s traumagenic model of childhood sexual abuse has four traumatic dynamics, including traumatic sexuality with abuse, feeling of betrayal, weakness and stigmatization. Traumatic sexuality can be defined as deviation of the development of sexual feelings and attitudes from normal. The documented long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse on adult functioning include affective disorders, self destructive behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder and disturbed interpersonal relationships. In this article, we present a case with sexual obsessions and compulsive sexual behaviours, which developed after intrafamilial sexual abuse.

Songül Gündo?du K?ran

2011-01-01

184

The measurement of sexual selection on females and males  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As in any field of research, the study of sexual selection is subject to ongoing debate over definitions and interpretations of the fundamental concepts involved. These arguments generally promote progress, as they highlight areas where current explanations are incomplete. Here we briefly review two ongoing discussions in the sexual selection literature. First, the definition of sexual selection has received renewed interest in light of increasing research effort into when and how it operates in females. Second, how best to measure sexual selection is an ongoing subject of debate; in practice, recognition that the appropriate measures depend on the focus of the specific study, and that multiple measures should be employed wherever possible, seems to provide the most informative approach. The wide scope of recent empirical work in these and related areas, with the application of new techniques and approaches, reflects that the field of sexual selection is being constantly expanded and enriched [Current Zoology 59 (4: 558–563, 2013].

Karoline FRITZSCHE, Isobel BOOKSMYTHE

2013-08-01

185

Educar en conductas sexuales saludables: una innovación docente en promoción de la salud Education about healthy sexual behaviors among high school students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 years (34 females, attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.

María A García G

2011-10-01

186

Educar en conductas sexuales saludables: una innovación docente en promoción de la salud / Education about healthy sexual behaviors among high school students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: The need to educate adolescents about healthy sexual behavior motivated the development of an education program on sexuality. Aim: To describe the knowledge of students about sexuality and the implementation of a sexual education project. Material and Methods: Sixty students aged 14 year [...] s (34 females), attending the third year of secondary education participated in dynamic workshops about healthy sexual behaviors. Results: The most common reactions of students when facing situations related to sexual behavior were shame, anxiety, fear and lack of knowledge. Group dynamics improved the practical knowledge of students about sexual behavior, allowing them to make informed decisions. Conclusions: These innovative educational techniques should be expanded to other students.

María A, García G; Guillermo A, Cañadas-De la Fuente; Emilio, González-Jiménez; Rafael, Fernández Castillo; Inmaculada, García-García.

187

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas / The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT), uma técnica de abordagem da f [...] unção sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos. Abstract in english Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed b [...] y four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lúcia Alves da Silva, Lara; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e, Silva; Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata, Romão; Flavia Raquel Rosa, Junqueira.

188

Abordagem das disfunções sexuais femininas The assessment and management of female sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A disfunção sexual tem alta prevalência entre as mulheres. No entanto, os médicos raramente avaliam a vida sexual de suas pacientes, ou por se sentirem desconfortáveis em abordar a sexualidade ou porque desconhecem as técnicas de investigação. O modelo PILSET (PLISSIT, uma técnica de abordagem da função sexual humana, é composto por quatro elementos: permissão, informação limitada, sugestão específica e terapia sexual, que favorecem o diálogo entre o médico e a paciente, permitindo o acesso às queixas sexuais. A terapêutica consta de medidas de aconselhamento e orientações básicas sobre a função sexual, farmacoterapia e intervenções nos aspectos anátomo-funcionais do aparato sexual, com impacto positivo na vida sexual da mulher. Esta revisão mostra como usá-lo. Adicionalmente, vários aspectos da função sexual feminina, como prevalência, diagnóstico e outras modalidades de tratamento são discutidos.Sexual dysfunction prevalence is high among women. However, doctors rarely ask about their patients' sexual life, because they feel uncomfortable or because their knowledge about investigation techniques is insufficient. The PLISSIT model, a useful tool to access human sexual function, is composed by four elements: permission, limited information, specific suggestions, and intensive therapy, that favor dialogue between the doctor and the patient allowing the access to the sexual complaints. The therapeutics consists of counseling measures, drug prescription, basic orientations about sexual function and interventions on anatomic and functional aspects of the sexual apparatus with positive impact in the woman's sexual life. The present review shows how to use it. In addition, many aspects of female sexual dysfunction are discussed, such as prevalence, diagnostic and treatment options for female sexual dysfunction.

Lúcia Alves da Silva Lara

2008-06-01

189

The sexually active teenager.  

Science.gov (United States)

This discussion of the sexually active teenager provides a statistical analysis of sexual behaviors and reviews developmental issues, contraceptive usage, adolescent pregnancy and its associated problems, and sex education. Major changes have occurred over the past 2 decades in sexual mores, contraceptive technology, the acceptance of single parent families, and the availability of induced abortion. In the US adolescent pregnancy and epidemic venereal disease have become major child health problems. It is important that the pediatrician, family practitioner, nurse practitioner, and mental health professional are aware of the magnitude of these problems and their potential areas for intervention. Various epidemiological studies of sexual behavior have documented an increase in the number of sexually active adolescents over the last decade. In a survey of metropolitan adolescents, Zelnik and Kantner found that the reported sexual activity among 15-19 years old adolescent girls increased from 30% in 1971 to 50% in 1979. Among never married white teenagers in this age group, statistics from 1971 indicated that 23% were sexually experienced, and this incidence increased to 42% in 1979. Much less is known about the sexual behavior of younger adolesents in the 11-14 year old range. The increased number of adolescents involved in premarital intercourse, coupled with the earlier age of menarche and delayed marriage, has increased the risk of premarital pregnancies. The number of adolescents between ages 15-19 experiencing a premarital pregnancy has increased significantly from 8.5% in 1971 to 16.2% in 1979, the most notable increase occurring among white teenagers. Among sexually experienced 15-19 years olds, 32.5% have experienced a premarital pregnancy. Sexual behavior among young adolescents is influenced by several variables, including maturation, personal values about premarital sex, inclination, and opportunity. There is an increasing tendency for adolescents to view sexual behavior as a matter of personal choice rather than a morality issue. Adolescents in all stages of development may delay obtaining adequate contraception. Denial of fertility is a common theme in early as well as late adolescence. The consistency and responsibility required for effective contraceptive use is not always compatible with the stage of adolescent development in which they have chosen to become sexually active. Use of effective contraception is often related to increasing sexual activity, increasing closeness of a relationship, a pregnancy scare because of a late or missing period, the positive influence of friends and family members or physicians, and/or the actual discovery of a contraceptive program. For adolescents access to contraceptives has been problematic and prescription contraception is frequently discontinued with continued sexual activity. Feelings of despair, worthlessness, and chronic school failure appear to be common factors among adolescents who choose to carry a pregnancy to term. Sex education courses should facilitate decision making about responsible sexual behavior. PMID:6833503

Emans, S J

1983-03-01

190

Rural-to-Urban Migration and Sexual Debut in Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

Migration from one's parents' home and sexual debut are common features of the transition to adulthood. Although many studies have described both of these features independently, few have examined the relationship between migration and sexual debut in a systematic manner. In this study, we explore this link for young adults in Thailand. With relatively high rates of internal migration, rapid modernization, a moderate HIV epidemic, and a declining average age of sexual debut, Thailand presents an instructive environment in which to examine migration and sexual debut. We use two waves of a longitudinal data set (2005 and 2007) that includes a subsample of young adults who migrated to urban areas during that period. We identify characteristics and behaviors associated with sexual debut and examine the role of migration on debut. Our approach reduces several common sources of bias that hamper existing work on both migration and sexual debut: (1) the longitudinal nature of the data enables us to examine the effects of characteristics that predate both behaviors of interest; (2) the survey on sexual behavior employed a technique that reduces response bias; and (3) we examine differences in debut by marital status. We find that migrants have a higher likelihood of sexual debut than nonmigrants. PMID:25145326

Anglewicz, Philip; VanLandingham, Mark; Phuengsamran, Dusita

2014-10-01

191

Sexual violence - norad.no  

...Sexual violence - norad.no Skip to main content NOT TRANSLATED: javascript-required Norsk Sitemap A A A SearchSearchGo Thematic areas Countries Tools/publications ...no / Thematic areas / Global health / Oslo conference / Sexual violence Health and society Maternal, child and women's health Norwegian commitment Accelerating progress Oslo conference ...Innovation Economic benefits Sexual violence Saving mothers giving lives Adolescent pregnancy News Sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict areas Sexual violence in conflict and ... Published 30/05/2012 Updated 20/08/2012 Print Tweet The use of sexual violence during and after conflict is not new, though the changing nature of warfare,...

192

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, I address the question of whether pedophilia in men can be construed as a male sexual orientation, and the implications for thinking of it in this way for scientific research, clinical practice, and public policy. I begin by defining pedophilia and sexual orientation, and then compare pedophilia (as a potential sexual orientation with regard to age) to sexual orientations with regard to gender (heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality), on the bases of age of onset, correlations with sexual and romantic behavior, and stability over time. I conclude with comments about the potential social and legal implications of conceptualizing pedophilia as a type of sexual orientation in males. PMID:22218786

Seto, Michael C

2012-02-01

193

Sexual Motives: The Impact of Gender, Personality, and Social Context on Sexual Motives and Sexual Behavior - Especially Risky Sexual Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recently, scholars from a variety of disciplines have begun to investigate passionate love, sexual desire, and sexual behavior. Specifically, they have begun to investigate questions profound questions as: “Why do men and women engage in sexual liaisons?” “Why do they avoid such liaisons?” In this paper, we will review what theorists have learned about the motives that encourage people to engage in (or to avoid sexual encounters, focusing specifically about what is know about the influence of gender, personality, and social context on sexual motives. We will close by speculating about the impact of such differing motives on sexual functioning and the prevalence of STIs and AIDs.

Richard L. Rapson

2011-12-01

194

¿Estudios sobre diversidad sexual, estudios sobre minorías sexuales? / Studying Sexual Diversity or Sexual Minorities?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Como consecuencia, en primer lugar, de la importancia de la sexualidad en los roles públicos y privados de los sujetos y, en segundo lugar, del predominio en las últimas décadas de una perspectiva multi y transdisciplinaria en los estudios sobre la sociedad y la cultura, han surgido áreas académicas [...] que atraviesan las tradicionalmente llamadas Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades como son los estudios sobre diversidad sexual o los estudios sobre minorías sexuales. Tales estudios están todavía en etapa de formación y expansión, muy influidos por el desarrollo del feminismo y por el peso del mundo académico anglosajón, y han empezado a introducirse en América Latina y a aclimatarse en nuestras sociedades tomando en consideración tanto las características particulares de éstas, generalmente marcadas por conflictos y desigualdades graves, como las distintas perspectivas políticas y teóricas que existen sobre tan polémico tema. Se propone entonces que las minorías sexuales por razones políticas, éticas y pragmáticas deben deslindar sus áreas de estudio dentro del amplio espectro de la diversidad sexual con el fin de obtener voz y visibilidad Abstract in english Abstract During recent years, the study of sexual diversity and sexual minorities has emerged as an academic concern which embraces both the Social Sciences and the Humanities as traditionally defined. This is partly a result of the importance of sexuality in both the public and private roles of sub [...] jects; in part it reflects the growing importance of multi- and trans-disciplinary approaches to the study of culture and society. These studies are still embryonic and are clearly influenced by feminism and by the terms of the debate in the Anglo-Saxon world. Nevertheless, they are beginning to develop in Latin America and to take into account the particular problems and perspectives of the continent. The author argues that, for political, ethical and purely pragmatic reasons, the sexual minorities should delimit their study areas within the wider range of issues covered by a preoccupation for sexual diversity and do so in order to gain voice and visibility

Gisela Kozak, Rovero¹.

195

Separating mind and body: an approach to the thoughts and feelings of female university students/sexual workers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article takes into account the vision of female university students who are also sexual workers and the meaning that job has for them. Objective: to understand the meaning that sexual job has for female university students/sexual workers, what they think and feel about it. Methodology:qualitative research was the starting point using ethnographical techniques such as the interview, the ?eld diary and documental revision. Results: the daily life of female university students/sexual work...

Martha Catalina Loaiza G; Lina Yésica Moreno O; Eliana Zuluaga P

2007-01-01

196

AIDS IMPACT Special Issue: Sexual Risk Reduction Needs of Adolescents Living with HIV in a Clinical Care Setting  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract ABSTRACT As anti-retroviral therapy becomes increasingly available, young people living with HIV need tailored support to adopt healthy sexual behaviors. There has been a gap in the availability of culturally appropriate techniques for secondary prevention and sexual risk reduction in this target-group. This formative study assessed sexual and reproductive health needs and problems, as well as determinants of sexual risk taking among young people living with HIV ag...

2008-01-01

197

Sexual Compulsivity and Sexual Risk in Gay and Bisexual Men  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Much of our understanding of the association between the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS; Kalichman et al., 1994) and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been limited to samples of HIV positive MSM only. Using data from a community-based survey of gay and bisexual men (n = 1214), this analysis sought to further evaluate the association between the SCS and sexual risk behavior. The SCS was significantly associated with a variety of sexual risk behaviors, including hav...

Grov, Christian; Parsons, Jeffrey T.; Bimbi, David S.

2010-01-01

198

Adolescent, Sexuality and Situations of Vulnerability. One Qualitative Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract: The present article is part of a bigger research about the Perceptions on the Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents in a region of the Federal District. Because to a qualitative approach, based in the phenomenology research. Object is to analyze adolescents living this sexuality in situations of vulnerability in an environment of extreme inequality. The content analysis was used for treatment of, which had been collected in three meeting from projective techniques. Fourteen ...

Rejane Antonello Griboski; Dirce Guilhem; Jaqueline Dias Castello Branco

2007-01-01

199

Reliability of the Timeline Followback Sexual Behavior Interview  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The reliability of self-reported sexual behavior is a question of utmost importance to HIV-prevention research. The Timeline Followback (TLFB) interview, which was developed to assess alcohol consumption on the event level, incorporates recall-enhancing techniques that result in reliable information. In this study, the TLFB interview was adapted to assess HIV-related sexual behaviors and their antecedents, and its reliability was assessed. The interview was administered to 110 participants (4...

Weinhardt, Lance S.; Carey, Michael P.; Maisto, Stephen A.; Carey, Kate B.; Cohen, Meredith M.; Wickramasinghe, Sohan M.

1998-01-01

200

Sexual abuse and incest  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Incest, which is the severest form of child sexual abuse is defined as the sexual behaviours between close relatives whose marriage is illegal or describes inappropriate sexual behaviours within a family relation framework. Incestous relation is accepted as a taboo, therefore it is frequently a secret within the family and is a chronic process which is hard to recognize. It is important to recognize and prevent incest because it is more difficult to be revealed compared to other forms of abuse and results in severe and long term consequences in victims. Physical, emotional and social consequences of incest are very severe and last for a lifetime. Prevention of incest is closely linked to prevention of child sexual abuse. Collaboration of different parts of child protection system, namely, healthcare system, social services, law enforcement and legal systems; and a well structured education of the professionels working in the field as well as sensitive media which helps awareness raising about child sexual abuse may be effective means of prevention. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 159-64

Medine Ay?in Ta?ar

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
201

Definition of Sexual Harassment and Sexual Attention Experienced.  

Science.gov (United States)

American women holding full-time jobs provided definitions of sexual harassment somewhat narrower than those used in previous studies. While sexual attention experienced was not related to subjects' definitions, having been harassed according to one's definition appeared to influence beliefs concerning the seriousness of sexual harassment in the…

Powell, Gary N.

1983-01-01

202

Sexual Coercion Content in 21 Sexuality Education Curricula.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined adolescent sexuality-education curricula for information on coercion (date rape, stranger rape, pressure, incest, sexual harassment, unwanted/inappropriate touch, and exploitation/victimization). Exploitation/victimization and pressure received the greatest attention. Sexual harassment was not covered in any of the curricula. Results…

Beyer, Christine E.; Ogletree, Roberta J.

1998-01-01

203

Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure  

Science.gov (United States)

... Researchers in New Zealand interviewed nearly one thousand young people, all in their midtwenties, about their first sexual experiences. On average, the men had become sexually active when they were seventeen; the women, at age ...

204

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Prevention  

Science.gov (United States)

... CDC.gov . Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Share Compartir Prevention How You Can Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases This page includes information about STD prevention, testing, and resources. Get the Facts Arm yourself ...

205

Sexual violence in the media  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reporting on sexual violence is a challenge even for seasoned war journalists. How should correspondents, news editors and producers report the impact of sexual violence on individuals and communities without causing further distress or danger?

Judith Matloff

2007-01-01

206

Sexual violence in the media  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reporting on sexual violence is a challenge even for seasoned war journalists. How should correspondents, news editors and producers report the impact of sexual violence on individuals and communities without causing further distress or danger?

Judith Matloff

2007-01-01

207

Talking Gender and Sexuality  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This edited volume brings together scholars from psychology, linguistics, sociology and communication science to investigate how performative notions of gender and sexuality can be fruitfully explored with the rich set of tools that have been developed by conversation analysis and discursive psychology for analysing everyday practical language use, agency and identity in talk. Contributors re-examine the foundations of earlier research on gender in spoken interaction, critically appraise this research to see if and how it 'translates' successfully into the study of sexuality in talk, and promote innovative alternatives that integrate the insights of recent feminist and queer theory with qualitative studies of talk and conversation. Detailed empirical analyses of naturally occurring talk are used to uncover how gender and sexual identities, agencies and desires are contingently accomplished in conversational practices. Collectively, they pose the important question of what a critical theory of talk, gender andsexuality ought to look like if it is to be sensitive to a politics of conversation analysis.

2002-01-01

208

Actualizaciones en terapia sexual  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dada la relevancia que ha presentado históricamente la terapia sexual, a partir de Masters y Johnson y el desarrollo de sus abordajes en disfunciones sexuales, se realiza una revisión del estado actual de las teorías, tratamientos y técnicas de los últimos 24 años en materia. Los hallazgos indican que las investigaciones son relativamente escasas y que los modelos explicativos no han sido suficientemente desarrollados por los psicólogos investigadores. Aun así todos los datos apuntan a señalar que una amplia variedad de técnicas y tratamientos específicos para disfunciones sexuales resultan eficaces. Por último, habría que destacar la necesidad de que la psicología mantenga su presencia en el área y continúe investigando en conjunto con otras ciencias, de modo de mantenerse vigente y sumar esfuerzos en un terreno especialmente importante para los individuos.

Caterina Manzo

2004-01-01

209

[Female sexuality and parenthood].  

Science.gov (United States)

From the child conception to the early years of life, couples generally present less sexual activity. Parenthood constraints are a burden for the couple's relationships. Generally, persistent sexual difficulties six months after delivery, despite those generated by depression or altered health raise the question of an alteration in the quality of the couple's relationships and lack of satisfaction of the mother with her partner's involvement in family life. Numerous parameters can be implied, especially with persistent trouble of desire, such as fatigue, body image problems and libido lessening of the partner due to modifications of his status. Women who presented sexual difficulties before pregnancy remain the same. In all cases, appropriate information can avoid the intimacy's difficulties and contribute to maintain pleasure and intimacy even when vaginal penetration remains difficult. PMID:25262091

Colson, M-H

2014-10-01

210

[Attitude toward sexual life of young adult medical and nursing students].  

Science.gov (United States)

Nowadays can observe not only changes of views on human sexuality but also of its nomenclature. These changes also apply to the issues related to human sexuality which plays an role in psychological purposes. The article discusses psychological and pedagogical aspects of human sexuality on the threshold of adult life. 83 students of post-GCSE faculties of the medical school were interviewed. The aim of the study was to determine the attitude towards sexual life expressed by young people entering their adult life. The study tool was a questionnaire technique. Results were statistically analyzed. The results showed that: the level of knowledge of sexual life is low among adults: lack of correlation between emotional and cognitive elements of attitudes towards human sexuality; sexual behaviours depend on human sex. PMID:15884245

Mroczek, Bozena; Karakiewicz, Beata

2004-01-01

211

Assessing the association between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual experiences in women with sexual difficulties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-report instruments for assessing sexual well-being in women with sexual difficulties have not to date been explicitly validated among women with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Given an extensive literature suggesting psychological differences between women with and without a history of CSA, it is possible that sexual well-being has a different meaning for these groups. Without validated scales, it is difficult to evaluate the impact of early sexual trauma on adult sexuality. The present study assessed whether the factor structure of widely used measures of sexual well-being were consistent across women experiencing sexual difficulties, with and without an abuse history, and to estimate effect sizes for the statistical effect of CSA on sexual well-being in this population. A sample of women with and without a history of CSA (N = 238) completed the Female Sexual Function Index and the Sexual Satisfaction Scale for Women. Structural equation models indicated generally consistent factor structures across groups, suggesting good construct validity. Effect size estimates indicated medium to large (0.53-0.72) effects of CSA on sexual well-being for women with sexual difficulties. These findings support and extend research regarding the potential effects of CSA that may inform treatment for this population. PMID:24948536

Stephenson, Kyle R; Pulverman, Carey S; Meston, Cindy M

2014-06-01

212

Alfie and the Sexual Revolution  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In 1966, while the sexual revolution was going on, the traditional relations to sexuality was being challenged by the public debate on the issues such as sexuality, abortion and gender roles. A new lifestyle of sexual liberation was depicted in the Bill Naughton film Alfie. The movie, starring Michael Caine, is directed by Lewis Gilbert and produced by Paramount Pictures. It was released in the UK in 1966, where it also takes place - more specifically in London. In the beginning of the 21...

W Frausing, Anne-sophie

2013-01-01

213

Sexual Motives: The Impact of Gender, Personality, and Social Context on Sexual Motives and Sexual Behavior - Especially Risky Sexual Behavior  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recently, scholars from a variety of disciplines have begun to investigate passionate love, sexual desire, and sexual behavior. Specifically, they have begun to investigate questions profound questions as: “Why do men and women engage in sexual liaisons?” “Why do they avoid such liaisons?” In this paper, we will review what theorists have learned about the motives that encourage people to engage in (or to avoid) sexual encounters, focusing specifically about what is know about the i...

Rapson, Richard L.; Cheri Luckhurst; Elaine Hatfield

2011-01-01

214

Sexual Abuse and Sexual Functioning in a Chronic Pelvic Pain Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual abuse, particularly childhood sexual abuse, has been linked to chronic pelvic pain and to sexual dysfunction, though the sexual functioning of survivors of sexual abuse has not been studied in a chronic pain population. Sixty-three women with chronic pelvic pain completed measures of sexual function, sexual abuse, and pain. Using an index…

Randolph, Mary E.; Reddy, Diane M.

2006-01-01

215

Late Sexual Maturation in Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

The delay of sexual maturation causes emotional difficulty. The girl doubts her worth and exhibits uncertainty about herself. This paper describes sexual maturation from the standpoint of sociocultural and biological factors, and offers suggestions for management of young girls with delayed sexual maturation. (Author/CJ)

Adams, Paul L.

1972-01-01

216

Sexual Health in Prime Time  

Science.gov (United States)

The term "sexual health" is often used in sexuality education without any concrete, operational definition, and students are left to ascertain the meaning for themselves. In the absence of a clear definition, students may adopt diverse or narrow understandings of this vague term, without learning the full scope of everything that sexual health…

Taverner, William J.

2006-01-01

217

Sexual activity of Polish adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. The purpose of this research was to explore the subject of sexual activity in the Polish population, with special focus on age and gender differences, and sexual infidelity. Sexual activity is one of the basic factors in initiating and maintaining relationships. On the one hand, sexual activity enables us to meet natural needs and maintain an intimate relationship with another human being; on the other, it may allow us to overcome loneliness and social isolation by providing the opportunity to express feelings of closeness and unity. Material and method. The research was conducted on a representative group of 3,200 Poles aged between 15–49, with the support of a well-known Polish research company – TNS OBOP. Face-to-face and Pencil and Paper (PAPI interviews were carried out. Results. The results focus on two main issues: the age and motives of sexual initiation among teenagers (with a significant percentage starting their sexual activity at the age of 15, and the quality of the sexual lives of adults (average number of sexual partners, sexual infidelity and sexual satisfaction. Conclusion. There is dependence between the type of relationship and the performance or non-performance of sexual activity, as well as the quality of the relationship. Among both adolescents and adults, remaining in a stable relationship (partnership or marriage promotes loyalty. The performance of sexual goals turns out to be an important mechanism regulating the interpersonal aspects of a relationship, influencing their perception and evaluation.

Beata Pastwa-Wojciechowska

2014-03-01

218

Sexual Trauma, Spirituality, and Psychopathology  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the association between spirituality and psychopathology in a group of sexual abuse victims and controls with a focus on whether spirituality moderated the association between sexual trauma and psychopathology. Seventy-one sexual trauma victims were compared to 25 control subjects on spiritual well-being, the Eating Disorder…

Krejci, Mark J.; Thompson, Kevin M.; Simonich, Heather; Crosby, Ross D.; Donaldson, Mary Ann; Wonderlich, Stephen A.; Mitchell, James E.

2004-01-01

219

[Endocrinological diseases, metabolic diseases, sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexuality is regularly evaluated in media surveys. Relations between sexual problems and some chronic pathologies as diabetes or metabolic syndrome have been brought to light. Androgen deficiency in the aging male has become a topic of increasing interest. Hormones play an important role in sexual function and relation between hormonal status and metabolic data are now well established. PMID:25239542

Lemaire, Antoine

2014-10-01

220

Sexual education, gender ideology, and youth sexual empowerment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual education plays an essential role in preventing unplanned pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). School-based sexual education programs, in particular, may be well positioned to address social factors that are empirically linked to negative sexual health outcomes, such as traditional social norms surrounding gender and sexuality. However, youth are seldom granted access to sexual education programs that explicitly address these issues. This study presents findings from a pretest-posttest survey of a sexual education program that did. It was designed for eighth graders (N=95) in the context of a school-community collaboration. The study assessed the links between several components of sexual empowerment, including gender ideology, sexual knowledge, and contraceptive beliefs. Findings link participation in the sexual education program to more progressive attitudes toward girls and women, less agreement with hegemonic masculinity ideology, and increases in sexual health and resource knowledge. Structural equation models suggest that traditional attitudes toward women were significantly related to hegemonic masculinity ideology among both boys and girls, which was in turn negatively related to safer contraceptive beliefs. PMID:24024546

Grose, Rose Grace; Grabe, Shelly; Kohfeldt, Danielle

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

College students' sexual attitudes and behaviors: implications for sexuality education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study of sexual attitudes and behaviors of students in a large northeastern community college was undertaken in partial response to an outspoken community group's claims that the sexuality education courses being taught at the school were undermining the morality of its young adults and encouraging early sexual activity. Findings from 1,825 pretest respondents in human sexuality and general health courses indicated that more than 80% of the students had experienced sexual intercourse before they took the courses. In a posttest comparison with 1,456 of the same students, the authors found no significant changes in the number of students who were sexually active or in their attitudes about such issues as abortion and premarital, casual, or oral sex. Statistically significant changes did occur in human sexuality students' attitudes and behaviors about safer sex, having fewer sex partners, and using condoms and spermicides. PMID:8543724

Feigenbaum, R; Weinstein, E; Rosen, E

1995-11-01

222

Sexual communication and sexual behavior among young adult heterosexual latinos.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined verbal sexual health communication, pleasure discussions, and physical sexual communication in relation to condom use by young adult, heterosexual Latinos (ages 18-30 years). Participants (N = 220, 51% female) were recruited in a Midwestern state. Verbal sexual health communication was positively associated with consistent condom use among men (odds ratio [OR] = 2.66, p women (OR = 3.12, p women, verbal sexual health communication was positively associated with condom use at last sex (OR = 2.75, p sexual communication was negatively associated with condom use at last sex (OR = .29, p sexual communication may be important in HIV-prevention programs with young Latinos. Physical sexual communication and pleasure discussions, in particular, warrant further exploration given negative relationships with condom use. PMID:25305027

Alvarez, Carmen; Bauermeister, José A; Villarruel, Antonia M

2014-01-01

223

The relationship between sexual selection and sexual conflict.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evolutionary conflicts of interest arise whenever genetically different individuals interact and their routes to fitness maximization differ. Sexual selection favors traits that increase an individual's competitiveness to acquire mates and fertilizations. Sexual conflict occurs if an individual of sex A's relative fitness would increase if it had a "tool" that could alter what an individual of sex B does (including the parental genes transferred), at a cost to B's fitness. This definition clarifies several issues: Conflict is very common and, although it extends outside traits under sexual selection, sexual selection is a ready source of sexual conflict. Sexual conflict and sexual selection should not be presented as alternative explanations for trait evolution. Conflict is closely linked to the concept of a lag load, which is context-dependent and sex-specific. This makes it possible to ask if one sex can "win." We expect higher population fitness if females win. PMID:25038050

Kokko, Hanna; Jennions, Michael D

2014-09-01

224

Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such a...

Rutkowski, Krzysztof; Dembin?ska, Edyta; Mu?ldner-nieckowski, ?ukasz; Klasa, Katarzyna; Soban?ski, Jerzy A.; Cyranka, Katarzyna

2013-01-01

225

Sexual traumatic events and neurotic disorders picture – sexuality-related and sexuality-unrelated symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. There is an ample evidence of the impact of severe traumatic events, such as sexual abuse in childhood, on the formation of disorders - especially the non-psychotic ones: sexual, neurotic and personality. So far, an increase of the risk with the accumulation of traumatic factors has been indicated, but less attention has been paid to adverse events such as lack of sexual education, negative attitudes of the caregivers towards sexuality, etc. Aim. Assessment of the risk of such adverse events in childhood and adolescence, concerning the symptoms from the area of sexuality as well as other neurotic disorders areas.Method. The coexistence of the earlier life circumstances and currently present symptoms was examined on the basis of KO„0” Symptom Checklist and Life Inventory, completed prior to treatment in a day hospital for neurotic disordersResults. In the group of 2582 females and 1347 males, there was a significant prevalence of symptoms related to sexuality, as well as of other neurotic symptoms. Patients reported traumatic events of varying frequency (from a relatively rare incest, to much more frequent sense of lack of sex education. Regression analyses showed a significant relationship between the analyzed events and symptoms, for instance, lack of sexual satisfaction in adulthood co-occurred in women with punishing for childhood sexual plays or masturbation. The other analyzed symptoms – ‘non-sexual’, such as panic attacks, were not so clearly related to the burdensome circumstances.Conclusions. The presence of adverse life events concerning sexuality, not necessarily the most serious ones e.g. abuses, but such as inadequate sex education, child punishing for masturbation or sexual plays, unwanted sexual initiation, are associated with a higher occurrence of most of the analyzed symptoms in the sphere of sexuality. Weaker connection for other than sexual neurotic symptoms suggests that the impact of childhood sexual trauma is mainly focused on the area of sexual dysfunctions.

Rutkowski, Krzysztof

2013-06-01

226

EVALUACIÓN DE LA FUNCIÓN SEXUAL EN MUJERES SOMETIDAS A HISTERECTOMÍA TOTAL Y SUPRACERVICAL POR VÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independie [...] ntes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109). No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica. Abstract in english Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical p [...] rocedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109). By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy).

Mario, Martínez R; Hugo, Bustos L; Rodrigo, Ayala Y; Lionel, Leroy L; Francisco, Morales C; Alejandra, Watty M; Carlos, Briones L.

227

EVALUACIÓN DE LA FUNCIÓN SEXUAL EN MUJERES SOMETIDAS A HISTERECTOMÍA TOTAL Y SUPRACERVICAL POR VÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar si la histerectomía total o supracervical laparoscópica tiene repercusión en la función sexual de la mujer y cuál de estas técnicas quirúrgicas se debe emplear para preservar la función sexual, evaluando si las alteraciones en dicha función se comportan como variables independientes al procedimiento quirúrgico. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y analítico en pacientes del servicio de ginecología del Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, para evaluar la función sexual de pacientes que fueron sometidas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna. La evaluación de la función sexual se realizó de forma preoperatoria y seis meses después del evento. Se utilizó dos instrumentos para evaluar la función sexual de las pacientes: la historia clínica codificada femenina y el índice de función sexual femenina. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía (z= -1,603; p>0,109. No hubo diferencia significativa entre las mujeres con y sin disfunción sexual en relación con la edad, escolaridad, inicio de actividad coital, temores hacia la sexualidad y experiencias sexuales traumáticas en la infancia. Conclusiones: La función sexual de las mujeres antes y después de la histerectomía no se ve afectada por la histerectomía total laparoscópica ó la histerectomía subtotal laparoscópica.Objective: To determine whether total or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy has an impact on female sexual function and which of these surgical techniques should be used to preserve sexual function, evaluating whether the alterations in the function behave as independent variables to surgical procedure. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study, prospective and analytical at the National Institute of Perinatology in assessing sexual function of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign disease, assessment of sexual function was conducted preoperatively and six months after the event. Two instruments for assessing sexual function of patients was used: medical history and the female sexual functionindex. Results: In applying the test of Wilcoxon signed ranks two related samples, no significant difference in sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy (z = -1.603; p>0.109. By applying the statistical test of Chi2 to see if there was a difference between women with and without sexual dysfunction in relation to other variables such as age, education, initiation of coital activity, fears about sexuality, traumatic sexual experiences in childhood, no significant differences were found. Conclusions: Sexual function in women before and after hysterectomy is not affected significantly. The result of the hysterectomy is independent of the type of surgery (total laparoscopic hysterectomy or supracervical laparoscopic hysterectomy.

Mario Martínez R

2010-01-01

228

Women's History of Sexual Abuse, Their Sexuality, and Sexual Self-Schemas  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the authors assessed 48 female survivors of child sexual abuse (CSA) and 71 female control participants using measures of adult sexual function, psychological function (i.e., depression and anxiety), and sexual self-schemas. The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether differences existed between women with and without a…

Meston, Cindy M.; Rellini, Alessandra H.; Heiman, Julia R.

2006-01-01

229

Satisfação sexual na demência / Sexual satisfaction in dementia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI [...] , PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação sexual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional) do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, Pu [...] bMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" and "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional) of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

Marcela Moreira Lima, Nogueira; Denise, Brasil; Maria Fernanda Barroso de, Sousa; Raquel Luiza, Santos; Marcia Cristina Nascimento, Dourado.

230

Satisfação sexual na demência Sexual satisfaction in dementia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A demência pode resultar em comprometimento da intimidade e sexualidade de casais idosos. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar alterações na atividade sexual, bem como os fatores de satisfação e/ou insatisfação sexual de casais nos quais um dos parceiros possua demência. MÉTODO: Busca nas bases de dados ISI, PubMed/Medline e SciELO de artigos sobre sexualidade na demência, entre janeiro de 1990 e março de 2012, utilizando as palavras-chave: "demência", "satisfação sexual", "intimidade" e "sexualidade". RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 12 artigos. A sobrecarga de cuidados e a alteração de papéis na relação conjugal foram consideradas as principais causas para o declínio da atividade sexual. A disfunção erétil em pacientes e cônjuges, a capacidade decisória para o consentimento da relação sexual por parte do paciente demenciado e os problemas referentes à idade e à saúde (física e emocional do cônjuge e/ou paciente foram os fatores associados à insatisfação sexual. CONCLUSÃO: A intimidade e a atividade sexual dos casais em que um dos parceiros é portador de demência são influenciadas negativamente pela relação de cuidados decorrente da doença e pela sobrecarga dos cônjuges. Por outro lado, a atividade sexual pode ser positivamente substituída por demonstrações de carinho e empatia entre os cônjuges.BACKGROUND: Dementia may result on impairment in intimacy and sexuality of elderly couples. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate changes in sexual activity, as well as the factors which cause sexual satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction in couples in which one of the partners has dementia. METHOD: A search at ISI, PubMed/Medline and SciELO was made for articles about sexuality in dementia, from January 1990 to March 2012, using the keywords: "dementia", "sexual satisfaction", "intimacy" and "sexuality". RESULTS: Twelve articles were selected. The burden of care and the change of roles in couples' relationship were the main reasons for decrease of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction in patients and spouses, the decision-making capacity for sexual relationship from the patient who has dementia and the problems related to age and health (physical and emotional of spouses and/or patients were considered as reasons associated with sexual dissatisfaction. DISCUSSION: When one partner has dementia, the couples' intimacy and sexual activity are negatively influenced by the relationship of care related to the disease and by the spouse's burden. On the other hand, sexual activity may be positively replaced by displays of affection and empathy between the couple.

Marcela Moreira Lima Nogueira

2013-01-01

231

Child Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

... the trauma. Such treatment can help reduce the risk that the child will develop serious problems as an adult. For additional information see Facts for Families : #4 The Depressed Child #5 Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking ...

232

No hay indistinción sexual  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ¿Somos todos del mismo sexo? Hay dos sexos porque dos son las escrituras genéticas, y cuando se cae en un sexo, resulta imposible, en lo real, pasar al otro. Pero desde lo imaginario lo sexual es continuo. En lo simbólico hay dos formas de situarse: hacer

Dany-Robert Dufour

2006-01-01

233

Toddlers and Sexual Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

... expected to keep their bodies private. If your child's behavior bothers you, ask yourself why it bothers you. ... 1996-2002 (cited 2002 May 9). MayoClinic. Sexual Behavior in Children: What's Normal? http://www.mayoclinic.com/ 2001 December ...

234

Sexuality in Later Life  

Science.gov (United States)

... do on your own for an active sexual life. Make your partner a high priority. Take time to enjoy each ... penile implants. Physical problems can change your sex life as you get older. But, you and your partner may discover you have a new closeness. Talk ...

235

Sexual Assault against Females  

Science.gov (United States)

... Training – Exposure – Experience (TEE) Tournament Wheelchair Games Winter Sports Clinic Locations Hospitals & Clinics Vet Centers Regional Benefits Offices Regional Loan Centers Cemetery Locations Contact Us FAQs Ask a Question Toll Free Numbers VA » Health Care » PTSD: National Center for PTSD » Public » Sexual ...

236

Sexual Risk Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

... with a sexually transmitted disease. Both of these factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission. Remember: one in six people ... higher risk of HIV transmission than others. Your risk depends on several other factors as well, including whether you and your partner ...

237

Contextualizing Sexual Objectification  

Science.gov (United States)

The preceding articles provide an excellent overview of relatively recent theory and research on sexual objectification of women from a psychological perspective. Importantly, the authors have contributed to the literature through their conceptual extensions and research applications of objectification theory. In this reaction piece, our goals are…

Fischer, Ann R.; Bettendorf, Sonya K.; Wang, Yu-Wei

2011-01-01

238

Exposure to media content and sexual health behaviour among adolescents in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.  

Science.gov (United States)

The influence of adolescents' exposure to sexual health content of mass media in their sexual health behaviour in Nigeria is still not clear. Data were gathered through a survey conducted among adolescents aged 12-19 years in Lagos metropolis between November 2009 and February 2010. A multistage sampling strategy was adopted in selecting respondents. Logistic regression technique was utilised in the analysis. The results indicate that the respondents were most frequently exposed to TV (male = 92.2; female = 94.9) and radio (male = 88.2; female = 91.7) media. The odds ratios indicate that sexual health content of mass media significantly predicted condom use, multiple sexual relationship, sexual intercourse and self reported occurrence of abortion in the study sample. The findings imply that positive media sexual health content is likely to promote sexual health among adolescents but negative contents can put adolescents' sexual health in danger. In addition, safe sex can be advanced among adolescents if the media provide accurate information on sexuality, emphasising the dangers of risky sexual practices. Finally, this study posits that accurate portrayal of sexuality in the media would contribute immensely to improving public health in the metropolis. PMID:24069761

Wusu, Onipede

2013-06-01

239

Nonvolitional sex and sexual health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nonvolitional sex is sexual behavior that violates a person's right to choose when and with whom to have sex and what sexual behaviors to engage in. The more extreme forms of this behavior include rape, forced sex, childhood sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and violence against people with nonconventional sexual identities. More nuanced forms of nonvolitional sex include engaging in sexual behavior that masks one's nonconventional sexual identity, or that protects one's position with peers, or that represents a quid pro quo for the economic support that one obtains within an intimate relationship. The aim of this essay is to highlight the ways in which nonvolitional sex threatens sexual health and to identify strategies for ameliorating this problem. These strategies will have to be as broad in scope as is the problem that they are designed to address. The essay discusses the following strategies to reduce nonvolitional sex: (1) advocacy for sexual rights, gender equality, and equality for individuals with nonconventional sexual identities; (2) primary prevention programs and interventions that offer comprehensive sexuality education that establishes volitional sex and sexual health as basic human rights; (3) health services that routinely ask clients about their experiences with nonvolitional sex in an open and culturally appropriate manner; and (4) secondary prevention programs to meet the needs of victims of nonvolitional sex identified by the "screening" programs. PMID:15129039

Kalmuss, Debra

2004-06-01

240

Sexual imprinting can induce sexual preferences for exaggerated parental traits  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Sexual preferences in animals are often skewed toward mates with exaggerated traits. In many vertebrates, parents provide, through the learning process of "sexual imprinting," the model for the later sexual preference [1-3]. How imprinting can result in sexual preferences for mates having exaggerated traits rather than resembling the parental appearance is not clear. We test the hypothesis [4] that a by-product of the learning process, "peak shift" [5, 6], may induce skewed sexual preferences for exaggerated parental phenotypes. To this end, zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) males were raised by white parents, with beak color as the most prominent sexual dimorphism. We manipulated this feature with nail varnish. At adult age, each male was given a preference test in which he could choose among eight females with beak colors ranging from more extreme on the paternal to more extreme on the maternal side. The males preferred females with a beak of a more extreme color than that of their mothers, i.e., they showed a peak shift. Sexual imprinting can thus generate skewed sexual preferences for exaggerated maternal phenotypes, phenotypes that have not been present at the time of the learning. We suggest that such preferences can drive the evolution of sexual dimorphism and exaggerated sexual traits.

ten Cate, C.; Verzijden, Machteld Nicolette

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Sexual behavior and its pheromonal regulation in ascosporogenous yeasts.  

Science.gov (United States)

We reviewed our investigations on sexual behaviors and interactions including sexual cell agglutination and pheromone action mainly in non-conventional yeasts, Hansenula anomala, H. wingei, Pichia amethionina, P. heedi, P. opuntiae, Saccharomyces kluyveri, S. globsus, S. exiguus, Saccharomycodes ludwigii. The techniques and genetic models including the cassette model and alpha 1-alpha 2 hypothesis which had been developed largely in S. cerevisiae were applicable to these yeasts in principle. The sexual agglutination was distinctly species-specific while sex pheromones were cross-reactive beyond species' barriers. The successful induction of heterothallic strains from homothallic strains in S. exiguus by mutagenesis enabled to the subsequent biochemical and genetical analysis of sexual behavior in the yeast. The phylogenetic consideration on sex differentiation is also included. PMID:2651648

Yoshida, K; Hisatomi, T; Yanagishima, N

1989-01-01

242

Sexual compatibility in medfly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from different origins  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of the Sterile Insect Technique to control and/or eradicate insect pest populations has been extensively applied to medfly. However, patented differences in sexual compatibility between populations or strains from different origins has been a serious concern to a wider use of sterile flies, and in particular sterile males of genetic sexing strains (GSS). In the present experiments, the sexual compatibility and mating performance of flies from 9 countries representing 5 continents and 4 GSS were measured. It is demonstrated that, from a qualitative standpoint, wild medfly populations world-wide have not yet evolved specific sexual behaviors indicative of incipient pre-mating isolation mechanisms under local natural selection. Wild medfly populations are as sexually compatible with GSS as they are with other wild populations. On that basis, the same mass reared strain can now be used worldwide, as long as it fulfills the standard quality control requirements. (author)

243

Dance and sexuality: many moves.  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review of dance and sexual expression considers dance and religion, dance and sexuality as a source of power, manifestations of sexuality in Western theater art and social dance, plus ritual and non-Western social dance. Expressions of gender, sexual orientation, asexuality, ambiguity, and adult entertainment exotic dance are presented. Prominent concerns in the literature are the awareness, closeting, and denial of sexuality in dance; conflation of sexual expression and promiscuity of gender and sexuality, of nudity and sexuality, and of dancer intention and observer interpretation; and inspiration for infusing sexuality into dance. Numerous disciplines (American studies, anthropology, art history, comparative literature, criminology, cultural studies, communication, dance, drama, English, history, history of consciousness, journalism, law, performance studies, philosophy, planning, retail geography, psychology, social work, sociology, and theater arts) have explored dance and sexual expression, drawing upon the following concepts, which are not mutually exclusive: critical cultural theory, feminism, colonialism, Orientalism, postmodernism, poststructuralism, queer theory, and semiotics. Methods of inquiry include movement analysis, historical investigation, anthropological fieldwork, autoethnography, focus groups, surveys, and self-reflection or autobiographical narrative. Directions for future exploration are addressed. PMID:20358462

Hanna, Judith Lynne

2010-03-01

244

Predictores psicosociales del comportamiento sexual  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Desde un abordaje psicosocial, que subraya el papel de los aspectos motivacionales e interpersonales como reguladores del comportamiento humano, este trabajo pretende probar un modelo para predecir la conducta sexual en una muestra de adultos en un contexto urbano de México. En la investigación participaron 209 adultos (63% mujeres y 37% varones, quienes respondieron una serie de instrumentos de autoreporte. Para cada dimensión de la conducta sexual evaluada, se llevaron a cabo análisis de regresión múltiple, utilizando el método jerárquico. Los resultados muestran que a la motivación sexual física y el amor consumado (amistoso y erótico predicen de manera confiable la frecuencia con la que las personas practican el contacto físico (no genital y la seducción; b la motivación sexual física, el apego inseguro (miedoso, preocupado y rechazante, el amor consumado, el amor lúdico y la orientación sociosexual predicen la frecuencia con que se tiene contacto sexual; c el amor consumado, el amor pragmático, el amor lúdico y la orientación sociosexual predice el frecuencia con la que se practica el autoerotismo; y d la motivación sexual física, la motivación sexual emocional y la orientación sociosexual lograron predecir el número de parejas sexuales que se han tenido a lo largo de la vida. Los hallazgos de esta investigación permiten afirmar que la diversidad de motivos sexuales subyacen y pueden explicar la variabilidad del comportamiento sexual (Browning et al., 2000, de la misma manera que las formas de interacción afectiva tienen el poder de regularlo (Peña Sánchez, 2003.

Georgina Garc\\u00EDa Rodr\\u00EDguez

2011-01-01

245

Primary syphilis of the fingers  

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Six patients were seen with primary syphilitic chancres on their fingers between 1965 and 1980. Of these, two had bipolar chancres on their fingers and genitals resulting from sexual foreplay. Because syphilis is rarely suspected in such cases diagnostic errors are common.

Starzycki, Z.

1983-01-01

246

Antipsychotics and sexual dysfunction : sexual dysfunction -Part III  

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Satisfying sexual experience is an essential part of a healthy and enjoyable life for most people. Antipsychotic drugs are among the various factors that affect optimal sexual functioning. Both conventional and novel antipsychotics are associated with significant sexual side effects. This review has presented various studies comparing different antipsychotic drugs. Dopamine antagonism, increased serum prolactin, serotonergic, adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms are all proposed to be the me...

Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj; Nagesh Brahmavar Pai; Satheesh Rao

2009-01-01

247

[Public health and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper questions the legitimacy and relevance of a potential emergence of any public health policies relating to sexology, as they exist for most of the major medical issues. It discusses the two major areas of intervention of sexology namely problems related to access to pleasure on the one hand, violence, abuse and other sexual perversions on the other hand. The legitimacy and relevance of public health policy to prevent the latter, i.e. sexual violence cannot be questioned. However, interventions to promote erotic skills are beyond the role and responsibility of the State but can be assigned to the civil society, especially community associations engaged in culture, solidarity and the promotion of social links in general. PMID:24734361

Papart, Jean-pierre

2014-03-19

248

Motives in Sexual Aggression: The Chinese Context.  

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Compared sexual and aggressive motives for sexual aggression in Chinese college students. Male undergraduates (N=146) completed self-report measures. Results suggest that sex guilt and aggressive guilt acted as inhibitors for their respective drives and sexual aggression resulted from aggressive, rather than sexual, motives. Sexual aggression may…

Tang, Catherine So-Kum; And Others

1993-01-01

249

Sexuality education in Brazil.  

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The development of a comprehensive program of sex education in Brazilian schools is described in the context of Brazil's culture and traditions such as the Carnival. The influence of Catholicism is explored as is the effect of the behavioral restrictions called for by scientists concerned about sexually transmitted diseases. The Brazilian response to homosexuality is described, and the emergence of a public discussion of sexuality in the media is traced. It is noted that improvements in the status of women have been held in check by a public ridicule of feminism and by the strength of the traditional patriarchal structures which dominate the culture. With this picture given of how the issue of sexuality fits into Brazilian life, the 1980s initiative on the part of the Work and Research Group for Sex Education is described. Opposition to this effort has largely taken the form of passive resistance; even the Catholic Church has not officially protested the sex education program. Details are provided about 1) the selection of teachers, teacher training, and weekly supervisory teacher meetings; 2) the way in which parental permission for student participation was gained; 3) the implementation of the program; 4) the successes achieved; and 5) the difficulties encountered. Finally, it is noted that plans were made to expand the sex education project from the Sao Paulo area to 6 additional large cities in 1994. Also planned is the publication of the Brazilian Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality which will explain the sex education methodology and be extremely valuable in the establishment of new projects. PMID:12287356

Suplicy, M

1994-01-01

250

Sexual and emotional variables influencing sexual response to erotica.  

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This study was designed to evaluate the relative contribution of attention and emotional responses to the sexual response to erotica. Self reported levels of sexual arousal, attention, and emotional responses were measured after 20 men and 20 women viewed a series of erotic film segments. Men and women reported greater sexual arousal to erotica when they became absorbed in the activities portrayed in the film and when they experienced the erotic encounters as appetitive, than when they were distracted and perceived the encounters as aversive. Subjective sexual arousal also correlated positively with the degree to which subjects experienced entertainment and curiousity to the erotic film segments, but negatively with boredom. The level of sexual arousal reported by subjects did not correlate significantly with trait measures of absorption (as indexed by the Tellegen Absorption Scale) and vividness of imagery (as assessed by the Betts Questionnaire upon Mental Imagery). The multidimensional nature of the sexual response was demonstrated by the fact that the magnitude of subjective sexual arousal was predicted by the separate groupings of state assessed attentional and emotional variables, trait indexed absorption and appetitive feelings, and demographic information. These findings applied to both men and women, with the exception that men experienced greater sexual arousal than women, and women reported more disgust to the stimulus materials. Future directions for studying the basis for differences in sexual arousal between men and women are outlined, with an emphasis on a psychophysiological exploration of these phenomena. PMID:9125102

Koukounas, E; McCabe, M

1997-03-01

251

Sexual aberration or instinctual vicissitude? Revisiting freud's "the sexual aberrations".  

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The author reconsiders Freud's "The Sexual Aberrations," the first of his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), in light of contemporary psychoanalytic theory. Are the concepts of sexual aberration and norm still viable? The author argues that they are necessary but insufficient elements in current theory. He then presents a competing model in which sexuality can be reduced to a more elemental level of disturbance and wish, where it is an expression of a nonsexual wish--for example, to possess or control the object to eliminate separateness. The author presents clinical material to demonstrate this alternative model. PMID:24777366

Phillips, Sidney H

2014-04-01

252

Treatment of sexually compulsive adolescents.  

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We clarified the nature of sexual compulsivity in adolescence, addressed who is labeled as "sexually compulsive youth," conceptualized the underlying factors of sexual compulsivity, and outlined a treatment format. We focused on trauma, dissociation, attachment, and self-concept. We questioned the conventional perceptions of who is included in this group. We reiterated that the belief that sexually compulsive adolescents are abusive males is no longer considered accurate. The evolution and accessibility of the Internet only raises greater concerns about compulsive sexual behavior, as more adolescents are brought into therapy because of Internet use to seek sexual interaction or stimulation. The sexually compulsive youth is as likely to be the clean-cut, high-achieving, intelligent student as is the economically deprived, juvenile delinquent on the street. This article began with the observation that adolescents rarely receive any direct, accurate information about sexuality and intimacy. The messages taken in through music, television, movies, politicians, popular press, clergy, and school are polarizing and contradictory. Beyond this are the implications as to how we, as a society, treat the youths that do present with sexual behavior problems. We have tended to treat these youth (as well as adults) with disdain and to designate sexually abusive youth the same as adult offenders with harsher, more punitive treatment interventions. Research and clinical experience now strongly question this type of response. This article is consistent with this leaning. Early psychological injury, from sexual abuse, physical abuse, exposure to violence, attachment trauma, or early sexualization, is at the root of sexually compulsive behavior. While it is necessary to reign in out-of-control and destructive behaviors, if we acknowledge that the source of the behavior is psychological injury, then it is cruel and inconsistent to treat the individual with disdain or as a pariah. The same dilemma is present with adult sexual addicts and offenders. Our society must develop a response to sexually compulsive or offensive behavior that can protect those who need protection, while implementing a rational legal response and providing treatment options for the underlying injury. Perhaps even more importantly, our society must learn how to educate adolescents about sexuality with clear, accurate information that includes not only reproduction but sexual response and intimacy as well. PMID:18996305

Gerber, James

2008-12-01

253

Sexual behaviour in cattle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Short duration or weak expression of oestrus are frequently cited as major reasons for poor results when artificial insemination of Bos indicus breeds is attempted. The existing literature on sexual behaviour certainly indicates that oestrus sometimes lasts for only a few hours in Bos indicus, but similar patterns are also reported in Bos taurus animals. The period of sexual receptivity in suckled Hereford or Hereford-dairy cross-breds maintained in small, totally confined groups ranged from 1 to 18 h, with a mean of 4.4 h and a median of 3.5 h. In totally confined Holstein cows the onset of the LH surge always followed the beginning of homosexual activity by 1 or 2 h even when the period of receptivity was very short. Thus, the beginning rather than the end of oestrus should be used for estimating ovulation time. The expression of sexual behaviour is modified by many factors, including environmental conditions, the number of peri-oestrous females in the group and the presence of observers. In Hereford beef, Holstein dairy and probably all other cattle breeds, the variability in duration and intensity of oestrous activity is very large, so generalizations on a typical individual behavioural pattern are not possible. (author). 39 refs, 1 fig., 2 tabs

254

Sexual Victimization among Spanish College Women and Risk Factors for Sexual Revictimization  

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Sexual revictimization is frequent among victims of child sexual abuse. Several variables, such as sexual experience, substance abuse, and sexual assertiveness, have been proposed to explain the link between child sexual abuse and adolescent and adult sexual victimization, although they have typically been tested separately. The main objective of…

Santos-Iglesias, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos

2012-01-01

255

Childhood Sexual Abuse Moderates the Association between Sexual Functioning and Sexual Distress in Women  

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Objective To assess the degree to which a history of CSA moderates the association between sexual functioning and sexual distress in women. Method Women with (n = 105, M age = 33.71, 66.1% Caucasian) and without (n = 71, M age = 32.63, 74.7% Caucasian) a history of CSA taking part in a larger clinical trial completed self-report questionnaires at intake including the Sexual Satisfaction Scale for Women (SSS-W), the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and the Trauma History Questionnaire (THQ). Results Desire, arousal, lubrication, and orgasm interacted with sexual abuse status in predicting sexual distress such that sexual functioning was more weakly associated with distress for women with a history of CSA. This disconnect was more pronounced for women who were abused by a family member. Conclusion CSA status serves as an important moderator of the association between sexual functioning and sexual distress in women. Specifically, women with a history of CSA show higher levels of distress in the context of good sexual functioning as compared to women without a history of CSA. Possible explanations and clinical implications are discussed. PMID:22391416

Stephenson, Kyle R.; Hughan, Corey P.; Meston, Cindy M.

2012-01-01

256

Sexual media exposure, sexual behavior, and sexual violence victimization in adolescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Emerging research suggests sexual media affects sexual behavior, but most studies are based on regional samples and few include measures of newer mediums. Furthermore, little is known about how sexual media relates to sexual violence victimization. Methods. Data are from 1058 youth 14 to 21 years of age in the national, online Growing up with Media study. Results. Forty-seven percent reported that many or almost all/all of at least one type of media they consumed depicted sexual situations. Exposure to sexual media in television and movies, and music was greater than online and in games. All other things equal, more frequent exposure to sexual media was related to ever having had sex, coercive sex victimization, and attempted/completed rape but not risky sexual behavior. Conclusions. Longer standing mediums such as television and movies appear to be associated with greater amounts of sexual media consumption than newer ones, such as the Internet. A nuanced view of how sexual media content may and may not be affecting today's youth is needed. PMID:24928575

Ybarra, Michele L; Strasburger, Victor C; Mitchell, Kimberly J

2014-11-01

257

Sexual victimization, alcohol intoxication, sexual-emotional responding, and sexual risk in heavy episodic drinking women.  

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This study used an experimental paradigm to investigate the roles of sexual victimization history and alcohol intoxication in young women's sexual-emotional responding and sexual risk taking. A nonclinical community sample of 436 young women, with both an instance of heavy episodic drinking and some HIV/STI risk exposure in the past year, completed childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent/adult sexual assault (ASA) measures. A majority of them reported CSA and/or ASA, including rape and attempted rape. After random assignment to a high alcohol dose (.10 %) or control condition, participants read and projected themselves into an eroticized scenario of a sexual encounter involving a new partner. As the story protagonist, each participant rated her positive mood and her sexual arousal, sensation, and desire, and then indicated her likelihood of engaging in unprotected sex. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that ASA and alcohol were directly associated with heightened risk taking, and alcohol's effects were partially mediated by positive mood and sexual desire. ASA was associated with attenuated sexual-emotional responding and resulted in diminished risk taking via this suppression. These are the first findings indicating that, compared to non-victimized counterparts, sexually victimized women respond differently in alcohol-involved sexual encounters in terms of sexual-emotional responding and risk-taking intentions. Implications include assessing victimization history and drinking among women seeking treatment for either concern, particularly women at risk for HIV, and alerting them to ways their histories and behavior may combine to exacerbate their sexual risks. PMID:23857517

George, William H; Davis, Kelly Cue; Masters, N Tatiana; Jacques-Tiura, Angela J; Heiman, Julia R; Norris, Jeanette; Gilmore, Amanda K; Nguyen, Hong V; Kajumulo, Kelly F; Otto, Jacqueline M; Andrasik, Michele P

2014-05-01

258

Greater exposure to sexual content in popular movies predicts earlier sexual debut and increased sexual risk taking.  

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Early sexual debut is associated with risky sexual behavior and an increased risk of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections later in life. The relations among early movie sexual exposure (MSE), sexual debut, and risky sexual behavior in adulthood (i.e., multiple sexual partners and inconsistent condom use) were examined in a longitudinal study of U.S. adolescents. MSE was measured using the Beach method, a comprehensive procedure for media content coding. Controlling for characteristics of adolescents and their families, analyses showed that MSE predicted age of sexual debut, both directly and indirectly through changes in sensation seeking. MSE also predicted engagement in risky sexual behaviors both directly and indirectly via early sexual debut. These results suggest that MSE may promote sexual risk taking both by modifying sexual behavior and by accelerating the normal rise in sensation seeking during adolescence. PMID:22810165

O'Hara, Ross E; Gibbons, Frederick X; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Sargent, James D

2012-09-01

259

Sexually transmitted diseases in Africa  

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Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are defined as a group of communicable diseases which have in common that they are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact. The number of agents now known to be sexually transmitted include some 20 pathogens. Some of these agents (such as Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B-virus, human immunodeficiency virus) tend to replace the classical "venereal diseases" both in importance and frequency as these agents ar...

Schryver, A.; Meheus, A.

1990-01-01

260

Antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction  

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Depression and sexual dysfunction are both common in the general population. When they co-exist they have the potential to impact negatively on each other in a bidirectional manner. Medication used to treat depression may cause additional problems with the sexual response cycle; although no drug is completely innocent, serotonergic agents such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are most frequently implicated in antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction. Adh...

Outhoff, Kim

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

PSYCHOTHERAPY AND CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE  

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Childhood sexual abuse may have a significant impact on psychological well being in later life. In this report, we describe 5 women who had a variety of psychological symptoms that were related to childhood sexual trauma. These factors were explored during psychotherapy. Persistent feeling of depression, anxiety and problems in socio-sexual functioning, were prominent. Therapy varied from counselling and ventilation, to prolonged dynamically oriented therapy.

Jain, Sanjeev; Vythilingam, Meena; Eapen, Valsa; Reddy, Janardhan

1992-01-01

262

Función sexual y hormonas de la reproducción en mujeres con menopausia precoz  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La función sexual está mejor caracterizada en la mujer con menopausia fisiológica; sin embargo, en la literatura internacional no existen estudios específicos en la menopausia precoz (MP. Se realizó este estudio con el objetivo de describir las características de la función sexual y su posible relación con las hormonas de la reproducción en estas mujeres. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes con diagnóstico de MP y que accedieron a participar; 31 en total. Se aplicaron 2 cuestionarios para recoger los datos generales y para evaluar la función sexual; se tuvo en cuenta la causa iatrogénica (CI o no (CNI de la MP. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de las variables relacionadas con la función sexual y de las hormonas de la reproducción. Se determinó la correlación entre estas variables por separado, utilizando los coeficientes de Spearman y Pearson, y la relación entre todas usando la técnica de correspondencias múltiples. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de estas mujeres no tienen grandes dificultades con la función sexual, lo que se constata por la alta frecuencia del orgasmo y de las relaciones sexuales, y la baja frecuencia de la dispareunia y de la disminución del deseo sexual; es poco común que valoren sus relaciones sexuales y las relaciones con su pareja como insatisfactorias. Según los resultados, el grado de satisfacción de las relaciones sexuales puede considerarse como un marcador que resume el estado de la función sexual. Las alteraciones de la función sexual son frecuentes en las mujeres con CI, aunque no en todas. Se constató que con relativa frecuencia los trastornos relacionados con la esfera sexual no solo dependían de las mujeres sino también de su pareja. Además, se encontró que algunas de las hormonas de la reproducción influyen en la función sexual pero no la determinan, como es el caso de la testosterona (T y la dehidroepiandrosterona sulfato (DHEAs. En conclusión, la baja prevalencia de disfunción sexual en las pacientes con MP indica que el factor biológico hormonal es importante pero no determinanteThe sexual function is better characterized in a woman with physiological menopause; however, there are no specific studies on early menopause (EM in the international literature. This study was carried out to describe the factors of the sexual function and its possible relation with reproduction hormones in this type of women. All the patients diagnosed with EM, who accepted to participate in the study, were included. The total number was 31. Two questionnaires were applied to collect general data and evaluate the sexual function; the iatrogenic cause or non-iatrogenic cause was taken into account for the assessment. An exploratory analysis of the variables related with sexual function and reproduction hormones was made. The correlation among these variables separately by using Spearman and Pearson coefficients, and the relationship among all the variables by using the multiple correspondence technique were determined. The results showed that most of these women face no big difficulties as to their sexual function, which is confirmed by the high frequency of orgasm and sexual intercourse and the low frequency of diapareunia and reduced sexual desire. They seldom assess their sexual relations and relationship with their partners as unsatisfactory. According to the results, the level of satisfaction in the sexual relations can be considered a markers of the sexual function state. Sexual function disturbances are common in women with EM, but not all of them are affected. It was proved that sexual disorders often depended not only on the women but on their partners as well. It was also found that some reproduction hormones influences the sexual function but they do not determine it; such is the case of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAs. Finally, it may be said that low prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with early menopause shows that the hormonal biological factor is important but not determining

Jorge Luis Sell Lluveras

2001-12-01

263

Child Sexual Abuse, Links to Later Sexual Exploitation/High-Risk Sexual Behavior, and Prevention/Treatment Programs  

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This paper reviews the literature on the nature and incidence of child sexual abuse, explores the link between child sexual abuse and later sexual exploitation, and reviews the literature on prevention strategies and effective interventions in child sexual abuse services. Our understanding of the international epidemiology of child sexual abuse is considerably greater than it was just 10 years ago, and studies from around the world are examined. Childhood sexual abuse can involve a wide numbe...

Lalor, Kevin; Mcelvaney, Rosaleen

2010-01-01

264

sexual de riesgo en jóvenes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la influencia de las habilidades de comunicación en la conducta sexual de riesgo de 862 estudiantes de 14 a 20 años de edad (x =17 años de un bachillerato público. Del total de adolescentes encuestados, 373 informaron haber tenido relaciones sexuales. La distribución por sexo fue de 122 mujeres (32.7% y 251 hombres (67.3%; el promedio de edad del debut sexual en los hombres fue de 15 años y en mujeres de 16. La conducta sexual de riesgo se evaluó con base en la frecuencia del uso del preservativo en tres prácticas sexuales (oral, anal y vaginal. Las habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual se evaluaron con diez viñetas situacionales construidas para este estudio. Los resultados mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre hombres y mujeres en las habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual, siendo mayores en las mujeres que en los hombres. Además, se encontró que la falta de habilidades de comunicación en la interacción sexual influye en la conducta sexual de riesgo tanto de hombres como de mujeres.

Sonia Lizbeth Jim\\u00E9nez Gonz\\u00E1lez

2007-01-01

265

Comportamiento sexual: un estudio exploratorio  

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Full Text Available In order to explore several aspects of the sexual behavior of college students, 172 young men and women of 4 differents universities of Barranquílla, between 18 and 25 years old, were given the Maudsley Personality Inventory, Rotter´s I-E and a questionary prepared by the authors, Results indica te that women received a better sexual education at home, altogether both men and women consider school sexual education to be inadecuate. With exception of the unmaried women, most of the subjects showed to be satisffied with their sexual lífe.

Jos\\u00E9 Manuel Gonz\\u00E1lez

1977-01-01

266

49 CFR 1019.5 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when: (1) Submission...conduct has the purpose or effect of interfering with an...they have a work-related sexual harassment problem. This...

2010-10-01

267

18 CFR 1300.104 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...workplace is free from sexual harassment. Accordingly, all employees...which could be viewed as sexual harassment including: (a) Unwelcome sexual advances; (b) Requests...conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably...

2010-04-01

268

29 CFR 1604.11 - Sexual harassment.  

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...or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when (1) submission...conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering...alleged conduct constitutes sexual harassment, the Commission will...

2010-07-01

269

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...sexual nature which are unwelcome and interfere with work productivity is also engaging in sexual harassment. (d) It is the...Commission that sexual harassment is unacceptable conduct in the workplace and will not be condoned. An employee who believes...

2010-04-01

270

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

... damage to blood vessels can also contribute to sexual dysfunction. [ Top ] What sexual problems can occur in men ... percent of women with type 1 diabetes experienced sexual dysfunction. Another study found 18 percent of women with ...

271

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...also engaging in sexual harassment. (d) It is the policy...Relocation Commission that sexual harassment is unacceptable conduct in the workplace and will not be condoned...he or she is subject to sexual harassment may contact one or...

2010-04-01

272

18 CFR 1300.104 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Sexual harassment. 1300.104 Section...AUTHORITY § 1300.104 Sexual harassment. It is TVA policy that...responsible for assuring that the workplace is free from sexual harassment. Accordingly, all...

2010-04-01

273

Health Risks among Sexual Minority Youth  

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... CDC Is Doing Health Risks Among Sexual Minority Youth Sexual minority youth—those who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual ... parts of the country. While many sexual minority youth cope with the transition from childhood to adulthood ...

274

Sexual function after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n?=?29) or traditional colporrhaphy (n?=?27) treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00827528. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (p<0.001). In the traditional colporrhaphy group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001). Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques. PMID:22948452

Feldner, Paulo Cezar; Delroy, Carlos Antonio; Martins, Sergio Brasileiro; Castro, Rodrigo Aquino; Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira; Girao, Manoel Joao Batista Castello

2012-01-01

275

Systematic review of sexual function and satisfaction following the management of vaginal agenesis.  

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Historically, sexual satisfaction following the management of vaginal agenesis was assessed subjectively. Standardized sexual function questionnaires are being used more frequently as instruments to accurately and more objectively assess the subjective nature of sexual outcomes as part of a more holistic approach to the care of women with vaginal agenesis. Articles concerning the management of vaginal agenesis were systematically reviewed, with specific focus on those that discussed functional outcomes, sexual satisfaction and psychosomatic outcomes, and in particular attempted to measure these outcomes. A total of 6,691 articles on vaginal agenesis were identified, with 106 of these reporting sexual satisfaction and psychosomatic outcomes. Only 1 randomized control trial (RCT) was identified, the remaining articles being made up of case series or case reports. Only 17 articles used standardized objective assessment of sexual satisfaction. While the bowel technique had the longest vaginal length at 12.87 cm, it had the most number of complaints of dyspareunia (4.8 %), stenosis (10.5 %) and the lowest average subjective sexual satisfaction. The Davydov method used standardized sexual function assessments most frequently. This technique had a higher average score than both the bowel vaginoplasty technique in the only RCT and the Vecchietti method in a prospective assessment. Overall, the management of vaginal agenesis requires a multidisciplinary approach to fully support these patients from initial diagnosis, through management decision-making and long-term follow-up, through transition to adulthood. PMID:24531406

McQuillan, Sarah K; Grover, Sonia R

2014-10-01

276

Adolescent Sexuality: Pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Prevention.  

Science.gov (United States)

Special edition discusses adolescent sexuality, focusing on pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and prevention. The articles focus on demographics, risk factors, school-based risk reduction programs, contraception, early intervention, options, school-based prenatal and postpartum care programs, teenage parenting, abortion, HIV and AIDS,…

Santelli, John S.; And Others

1992-01-01

277

Sexual Abuse History, Alcohol Intoxication, and Women's Sexual Risk Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined potential differences in women’s likelihood of sexual risk taking in a laboratory setting based on alcohol intoxication and sexual abuse history. Participants (n = 64) were classified as sexually non-abused (NSA) or as having experienced sexual abuse in childhood only (CSA) or adulthood only (ASA) and randomly assigned to consume alcoholic (.06%, .08%, or .10% target blood alcohol content) or non-alcoholic drinks, after which participants read and responded to a risky sex vignette. Dependent measures included vaginal pulse amplitude, likelihood of engaging in condom use and risky sexual behaviors described in the vignette, self-reported sexual arousal, and mood. NSA and ASA women did not differ on any dependent measures. CSA women reported lower likelihoods of condom use and unprotected intercourse relative to NSA and ASA women. Intoxicated women reported greater sexual arousal, positive mood, and likelihood of risky sex relative to sober women. Intoxicated CSA women reported more likelihood of unprotected oral sex and less likelihood of condom use relative to intoxicated NSA and ASA and sober CSA women. CSA women’s increased risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may be driven by non-condom use and behavioral changes while intoxicated. These findings provide preliminary insight into situational influences affecting CSA women’s increased STI risk. PMID:19728070

Schacht, Rebecca L.; George, William H.; Davis, Kelly Cue; Heiman, Julia R.; Norris, Jeanette; Stoner, Susan A.; Kajumulo, Kelly F.

2011-01-01

278

The Sexual Behaviour of Secondary School Adolescent Students in Tanzania: Patterns and Trends  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: A surge of sexual interest occurs around puberty and continues through adolescence. Heightened adolescent sexuality may be caused by a number of factors, including bodily changes, sexual hormones, social forces, and rehearsal for adult gender roles. The main objective of the present study is to understand the patterns and trends of adolescent students’ sexual behaviour in Tanzania.Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted and 550 secondary school students (13 to 19 years old were recruited by using a multistage random sampling technique from Tanzania’s secondary schools. The data collection tool was a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed by using SPSS software package version 16.Results: More than one third (40.2% of the participant students had experienced intercourse with mean age 17.2±1.8 years and one sixth (17.6% of the participants had multiple sexual partners. The mean age for hugging, kissing and breast fondling was significantly younger when compared to the sexual intercourse. Most (78.5% of the students had used contraceptives but the frequency of contraception was less than half (48.6% “always”. The main reasons beyond sexual debut were “just for fun” (37% and “peer pressure” (27.6%. A male student was 1.46 times more likely to have had intercourse than a female. Parental education was the most significant association with sexual debut of adolescents and the odds ratio indicates that sexual intercourse among students is decreasing with the increasing of parental education.Conclusion: A relatively high sexual intercourse has been recorded and risky sexual behaviour also existed among the respondents. Hence, there is a need to promote specific intervention programmes built upon those factors which are associated with an increased likelihood for early sexual debut and risky sexual behaviour.

Madan Mohan Laddunuri

2013-01-01

279

SEXUAL HEALTH BEHAVIORS OF ADOLESCENTS IN POKHARA, NEPAL  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent (10–19 years is a transition of age during which hazardous sexual health behaviors may be adopted; increasing vulnerability to several kinds of behavioral disorders like drug use, unsafe sexual act leading to reproductive ill health. Objective of the study was to assess sexual health behaviors of adolescents in Pokhara, Nepal. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 15–19 years adolescents studying in grades 11 and 12. Probability sampling techniques were applied. A structured, pretested, envelope sealed self administered questionnaire was distributed among all (1584 adolescents of the 11 and 12 grades of selected institutions. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (16 versions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. RESULTS: About 19.37% adolescents had sexual contact and male participation was higher than females (P<0.05. Nearly one fifth of unmarried were found to be involved in sexual activities and most of them had first sex between 15-19 years age (median age 15.26 years. Of those who had sex, 6.91% had adopted all the three: vaginal, oral and anal sexes and majority had single followed by 2-5 sex partners in their sexual intercourse in the last one year and last month. About 13.93% adolescents were found to be indulged in group sex. Most of them had sex with regular partners and commercial sex workers. More than eight out of every ten who had sex had used contraceptive methods and condom was method of choice (94.77%. CONCLUSIONS: Premarital sexual involvement was prevalent among adolescents; sex with commercial sex workers and non commercial sex partners was perceived to be risk. Behavior change intervention strategies need to be formulated and implemented to promote adolescent reproductive and sexual health.

Shrestha Niranjan

2012-07-01

280

Child sexual abuse  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Child sexual abuse with significant impact on victim's physical, mental and social health has now been recognized as existing on an appreciable scale worldwide. Diversity of opinions exist about the concept, types, prevalence and repercussions along with a paucity of systematic and scientific work in the developing world including Pakistan. Objective: This paper aims at reviewing the literature for clarification of concept, update of estimates and correlates, and to identify lines for future research. Data sources: The literature was search through BMJ-Medline for international data, supplemented by local data through CPSP-MEDLIP service. The search term child sexual abuse with associated sub-heads were used. No constraint of time period, publication type or source applied except english Language version Comparative findings: Wide variations identified in conceptual boundaries with consequent impact on prevalence estimates. Agreement found for its existence as an international problem with rates ranging from 7% - 36% for women and 3% - 29% for men. Female abused 1.5-3 times more than male with exponential high rates in age group 3-6 years and 8-11 years. In 2/3 cases the perpetrator identified belonged to nuclear or extended family. Significant association exists with early onset of psychiatric ailments like substance abuse, eating disorders, personality disorders, dissociative disorders and depression. Conclusion and Suggestion: The need for extensive research studies in immense in developing countries like Pakistan where environmental circumstances suggest its presence at rates higher than the identified elsewhere. In addition to facilitate awareness and perhaps to clarify the concept as well as the prevalence of child sexual abuse researchers need to select methodologies and instruments with international comparison in mind. (author)

 
 
 
 
281

RIESGO SEXUAL EN ADOLESCENTES SEGÚN LA EDAD DE DEBUT SEXUAL / SEXUAL RISK IN ADOLESCENTS DEPENDING ON THE AGE OF SEXUAL DEBUT / RISCO SEXUAL EM ADOLESCENTES DE ACORDO COM A IDADE DE DEBUTE SEXUAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Na Espanha os jovens debutam sexualmente antes que em outros países; porém pouco se sabe com respeito à relação entre idade de debute sexual e o comportamento sexual nesta população. Analisam-se as práticas sexuais e o uso do preservativo segundo a idade de debute sexual em adolescentes espanhóis se [...] xualmente experimentados (N = 351); a idade média foi 15.9 anos (DT = .75, faixa: 14-18). Estabeleceram-se três grupos a partir da idade de debute sexual informada: debute sexual precoce (anterior aos 15 anos), média (15 anos) e tardio (posterior aos 15 anos). O grupo com debute sexual precoce praticou em maior medida masturbação mútua, coito vaginal e sexo oral, com um número de parceiros sexuais superior ao resto. O uso do preservativo na primeira relação sexual, a porcentagem de uso e o uso consistente do preservativo foi inferior no grupo de debute sexual precoce com respeito aos outros dois. O debute sexual anterior aos 15 anos foi associado com maior risco de contrair infecções sexuais por déficit no uso do preservativo e maior exposição sexual. Os descobrimentos deste estudo sugerem que a idade de debute sexual tem implicações na saúde sexual dos jovens. Abstract in spanish En España los jóvenes debutan sexualmente antes que en otros países; sin embargo, poco se sabe de la relación entre la edad de debut sexual y el comportamiento sexual en esta población. Se analizan las prácticas sexuales y el uso del preservativo según la edad de debut sexual en adolescentes español [...] es sexualmente experimentados (N = 351); la edad media fue 15.9 años (DT = .75, rango: 14-18). Se establecieron tres grupos a partir de la edad de debut sexual informada: debut sexual temprano (anterior a los 15 años), promedio (15 años) y tardío (posterior a los 15 años). El grupo con debut sexual temprano practicó en mayor medida masturbación mutua, coito vaginal y sexo oral, con un número de parejas sexuales superior al resto. El uso del preservativo en la primera relación sexual, el porcentaje de uso y el uso consistente del preservativo fue inferior en el grupo debut sexual temprano respecto a los otros dos. El debut sexual anterior a los 15 años se asoció con mayor riesgo de contraer infecciones sexuales por déficit en el uso del preservativo y mayor exposición sexual. Los hallazgos de este estudio sugieren que la edad de debut sexual tiene implicaciones en la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Abstract in english In Spain young people have their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age than in other countries; however, little is known about the relationship between age of sexual debut and sexual behavior in this population. Sexual practices and methods of protection are analyzed depending on the age of sex [...] ual debut among Spanish adolescents who are sexually experienced (N = 351). The mean age was 15.9 years (SD = .75, range: 14-18). Three groups were formed according to the age of sexual debut reported: early sexual debut (earlier than 15 years), average (15 years) and late (later than 15 years). The early sexual debut group reported further mutual masturbation, vaginal intercourse and oral sex with a higher number of sexual partners than the rest. Condom use at first intercourse, percentage of use and consistent condom use was significantly lower in the early sexual debut group compared to the others. Sexual debut before 15 years old was associated with increased risk of sexual infections, deficit in condom use and increased sexual exposure. The findings of this study suggest that the age of sexual debut has implications for the sexual health in young people.

JOSÉ P., ESPADA; ALEXANDRA, MORALES; MIREIA, ORGILÉS.

2014-06-01

282

Identidad sexual y performatividad  

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Full Text Available This text intends to approach the question of sexual identity as it has been defined in queer theory, and particularly in Judith Butler's work. The notion of performativity, closely related to a conception of the social as an open field of power relations where all identity is a contingent and precarious stabilization, leads to a politicization of identity that implies a second step further from its denaturalization. Identity is the place from which we can articulate a resistance politics, and its open and incomplete character is what allows its resignification.

Córdoba García, David

2003-11-01

283

Sexual minority youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides an overview of the medical and mental health needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth population. Information is reviewed regarding both primary medical care and the special health risks that these youth face. Providers are introduced to the concept that societal and internalized homophobia lead directly to certain health disparities, including substance use, school and family rejection, depression, and increased sexually transmitted infection acquisition. This article familiarizes the primary care practitioner with the health care needs of the LGBT population and the research behind the various recommendations for caring for these youth. PMID:25124211

Steever, John; Francis, Jenny; Gordon, Lonna P; Lee, Janet

2014-09-01

284

Sexual orientation in school context: official speech versus pedagogic quotidian  

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Full Text Available Objective: to analyze under the view of managers of primary school of the city of Cajazeiras – PB, having the theme “sexual orientation” has been incorporated in the pedagogic practices. Methodology: this is about a qualitative research performed in 2008, with eight managers of public schools, after approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Paraiba with protocol number 1075. The semi structured interview was elected as technique of investigation, and the empiric material obtained was submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content, thematic modality. Results: it was highlighted that there is a commitment of the managers towards the insertion of the sexual orientation in the school context and that investments in the continued formation of educators have been done. However they recognize that the lacks of technical/ emotional preparation of the educators interfere in the effective deepening of this content. Attention is given to natural sciences and prevention education actions. Conclusion: intervention programs that reflect an orientation and/or political decision in the practice previously taken, could not guarantee their execution and/or deployment, as they require the understanding of the context that shapes and determines the representation of the actors. Descriptors: Sexuality; Sexual Orientation; Sexual Behavior

Sandra Aparecida de Almeida, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Gilson Vasconcelos Torres

2010-10-01

285

Digital Storytelling: A Novel Methodology for Sexual Health Promotion  

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Digital storytelling draws on the power of narrative for personal and social transformation. This technique has many desirable attributes for sexuality education, including a participatory methodology, provision of a "safe space" to collaboratively address stigmatized topics, and an emphasis on the social and political contexts that…

Guse, Kylene; Spagat, Andrea; Hill, Amy; Lira, Andrea; Heathcock, Stephen; Gilliam, Melissa

2013-01-01

286

"It ain't all as bad as it may seem": young Black lesbians' responses to sexual prejudice.  

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This article explores the ways in which young, Black lesbians manage their sexual minority identity when experiencing sexual prejudice. Fourteen Black lesbians between the ages of 16 and 24 participated in semistructured interviews. Instances of sexual prejudice and the young women's responses were thematically analyzed using open and axial qualitative coding techniques. Results indicated that participants experienced sexual prejudice frequently and even within the lesbian community. Responses to sexual prejudice included: cognitive reframing of heterosexist messages, passing, gaining support from self-created gay families, and fighting back (physically and verbally) in the event of isolated instances of sexual prejudice. Analysis focuses on how gender identity relates to experiences of sexual prejudice and identity management strategies. Findings suggest that there are parallels between the management strategies of these women and young, Black gay and bisexual males and between these women and Black women who are coping with sexism and racism. PMID:22587360

Reed, Sarah J; Valenti, Maria T

2012-01-01

287

Sexual Revictimization Revisited: A Commentary  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the early 1990s, there has been an increase in scholarly work and theoretical writing on the topic of sexual revictimization--particularly of women. The foundation for this work was set earlier when it was noted that rape and sexual assault were traumatic, more widespread than anyone could ever imagine, and many adult rape victims had…

Gidycz, Christine A.

2011-01-01

288

Sexual Harassment of University Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed college students (N=1000) to determine beliefs, attitudes, and experiences regarding sexual harassment in student-teacher relationships. Results indicated that frequency of sexual harassment reported varied with how broadly it was defined. Negative effects extended beyond students who personally experienced it and few students who…

Adams, Jean W.; And Others

1983-01-01

289

What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction?  

Science.gov (United States)

... to treat women’s sexual problems, Viagra has made women’s sexuality a high-profile research target. And by enabling older men to recover erectile function, it has stimulated research into later-life ... women. But the resulting focus on pharmaceutical rather than ...

290

Do sexual e do coletivo  

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Full Text Available An analysis of contemporary sexuality and subjectivity production, from a point of view that links sexuality to collectiveness and to the political processes that obstacle its expression. This perspective has psychopathological and political consequences, affecting also the capacity of producing social change in contemporary society

Cristina Mair Barros Rauter

2014-08-01

291

When Is Sexual Counseling Helpful?  

Science.gov (United States)

... sex Rekindling sexual interest Sexual activity with your partner Keeping your sex life going despite cancer treatment The single man and ... also be able to help you and your partner decide whether to have medical or surgical treatments for erection problems. ... End of Life Find Support Programs and Services in Your Area ...

292

Sexual Attitudes of College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the sexual attitudes of college students at a western Kansas university. The independent variables employed were gender, family structure, family sex communication, age, and classification. The dependent variables were the following subscales of sexual attitudes: permissiveness, sex practices, communion, and…

Etchison, Marilyn G.

293

The role of sexual self-schema in a diathesis–stress model of sexual dysfunction  

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Sexual self-schemas are cognitive generalizations regarding sexual aspects of the self that represent a core component of one’s sexuality. We contend that individual differences in the sexual self-view represent an important cognitive diathesis for predicting sexual difficulty or dysfunction. We illustrate the role of sexual self-schemas on sexual behavior and responsiveness in healthy female and male samples. Next, we describe how diathesis–stress models of psychopathology have been appl...

Cyranowski, Jill M.; Aarestad, Susan L.; Andersen, Barbara L.

1999-01-01

294

Sexual selection in complex environments.  

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Sexual selection has resulted in some of the most captivating features of insects, including flashy colors, bizarre structures, and complex pheromones. These features evolve in dynamic environments, where conditions can change rapidly over space and time. However, only recently has ecological complexity been embraced by theory and practice in sexual selection. We review replicated selection studies as well as studies on variation in the agents of selection to delineate gaps in current knowledge and clarify exciting new directions for research. Existing work suggests that fluctuations in sexual selection may be extremely common, though work on the ecological factors influencing these fluctuations is scarce. We suggest that deeper ecological perspectives on sexual selection may alter some of the fundamental assumptions of sexual selection theory and rapidly lead to new discoveries. PMID:24160419

Miller, Christine W; Svensson, Erik I

2014-01-01

295

Standards of Care for Juvenile Sexual Offenders of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders  

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Full Text Available Minimal standards for treatment of adult sexual offenders were adopted by the membership of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders (IATSO at its first membership General Assembly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in May 2000 (Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Eher, et al., 2000; 2003. These standards, initially developed in 1990 with input from attendees at the Second International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (Coleman & Dwyer, 1990; Coleman, Dwyer, Abel, Berner, Breiling, Hindman, et al. 1996, were refined by a committee of professionals at the Fifth International Conference on Sexual Offender Treatment (Coleman et al., 2000.With these standards in place, the Governing Board of IATSO designated a committee in summer 2004 to develop similar standards for treatment of Juvenile Sexual Offenders. This committee consisted of representatives from a number of countries with differing traditions of sexual offender treatment and juvenile justice, including Austria, Germany, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States. Developing standards of care for juvenile populations can be a challenging endeavor. Adolescence is a time of rapid change, and thus, there is great heterogeneity in those youths who commit acts that can be defined as sexual offenses. These differences are influenced by the developmental stage of the youth, which may roughly parallel age, and multiple environmental factors. Additionally, studies conducted outside North America find higher base rates of re-offense than those within North America (e.g. Nisbet, Wilson, & Smallbone, 2004; Langstrom & Grann, 2000. This is likely the case because definitions of who is a juvenile offender, what behaviors are sexual crimes, and how the juvenile justice system is organized can differ substantially across countries. These Standards of Care, which were adopted by the membership at the General Assembly of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders in Hamburg, Germany, September 7, 2006, are designed to be minimal guidelines for those developing and implementing treatment interventions for Juvenile Sexual Offenders. These Standards are based on the current state of knowledge on adolescents who commit sexual offences. Most of the available data are from adolescent males and the state of science in this field is still evolving. Thus, the Committee avoided making specific recommendations about particular procedures, techniques, or instrumentation.

Michael Miner

2006-12-01

296

The relationship among sexual attitudes, sexual fantasy, and religiosity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent research on the impact of religiosity on sexuality has highlighted the role of the individual, and suggests that the effects of religious group and sexual attitudes and fantasy may be mediated through individual differences in spirituality. The present study investigated the role of religion in an ethnically diverse young adult sample (N = 1413, 69% women) using religious group as well as several religiosity domains: spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, paranormal beliefs, and fundamentalism. Differences between religious groups in conservative sexual attitudes were statistically significant but small; as predicted, spirituality mediated these effects. In contrast to the weak effects of religious group, spirituality, intrinsic religiosity, and fundamentalism were strong predictors of women's conservative sexual attitudes; for men, intrinsic religiosity predicted sexual attitude conservatism but spirituality predicted attitudinal liberalism. For women, both religious group and religiosity domains were significant predictors of frequency of sexual fantasies while, for men, only religiosity domains were significant predictors. These results indicate that individual differences in religiosity domains were better predictors of sexual attitudes and fantasy than religious group and that these associations are moderated by gender. PMID:20364304

Ahrold, Tierney K; Farmer, Melissa; Trapnell, Paul D; Meston, Cindy M

2011-06-01

297

Changes in Sex Guilt, Premarital Sexual Intimacy Attitudes and Sexual Behavior during a Human Sexuality Course.  

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A human sexuality course was offered to students at the university level. It was hypothesized that the course would result in decreased levels of sex guilt and would increase permissiveness toward premarital sexual intimacy. Findings suggest a decreased level of sex guilt for males and an increase in females' attitudes of permissiveness. (JN)

Yarber, William L.; Anno, Tim

1981-01-01

298

An Examination of Gender Role Identity, Sexual Self-Esteem, Sexual Coercion and Sexual Victimization in a University Sample  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between gender role identity, sexual self-esteem and sexual coercion was examined through a questionnaire. Participants were 84 undergraduate students from a university in Washington, DC. Contrary to what has been found in the literature, there were weak relationships between sexual coercion and masculinity, and sexual coercion…

Kelly, Theresa C.; Erickson, Chris D.

2007-01-01

299

Sexual behaviour and sexually transmitted disease patterns in male homosexuals.  

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Male homosexual behaviour is not simply either "active" or "passive", since penile-anal, mouth-penile, and hand-anal sexual contact is usual for both partners, and mouth-anal contact is not infrequent. A simplified method for recording sexual behaviour--a "sexual behaviour record (SBR)"--can be of value in determining the sites to be investigated and as a basis for further epidemiological questioning. Mouth-anal contact is the reason for the relatively high incidence of diseases caused by bow...

Willcox, R. R.

1981-01-01

300

Vaginal microbiome and sexually transmitted infections: an epidemiologic perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vaginal bacterial communities are thought to help prevent sexually transmitted infections. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common clinical syndrome in which the protective lactic acid-producing bacteria (mainly species of the Lactobacillus genus) are supplanted by a diverse array of anaerobic bacteria. Epidemiologically, BV has been shown to be an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes including preterm birth, development of pelvic inflammatory disease, and acquisition of sexually transmitted infections. Longitudinal studies of the vaginal microbiome using molecular techniques such as 16S ribosomal DNA analysis may lead to interventions that shift the vaginal microbiota toward more protective states. PMID:22133886

Brotman, Rebecca M

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
301

Sexual violence: psychiatric healing with eye movement reprocessing and desensitization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual violence, which affects one in three women worldwide, can result in significant psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) offers health care providers the option of a brief psychiatric intervention that can result in psychiatric healing in as few as four sessions. Because health care providers often hear stories of sexual violence from their patients, they are in an ideal position to make recommendations for treatment. The purpose of this article is to introduce health care providers to the technique of EMDR, review safety and appropriateness, and discuss clinical and research implications. PMID:20623397

Posmontier, Bobbie; Dovydaitis, Tiffany; Lipman, Kenneth

2010-08-01

302

At the Time of Disclosure: A Manual for Front-Line Community Workers Dealing with Sexual Abuse Disclosures in Aboriginal Communities. Aboriginal Peoples Collection, Technical Series = A l'etape de la divulgation: guide pour les travailleurs communautaires de premiere ligne a qui des actes de violence sexuelle sont divulgues dans les collectivites Autochtones. Collection sur les Autochtones, serie technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

This manual was developed to assist front-line community workers (including teachers) with issues concerning the disclosure and investigation of sexual abuse allegations in Canadian aboriginal communities. Written in English and French, this document examines the needs of individuals, families, and communities dealing with sexual abuse. Part 1…

Bopp, Judie; Bopp, Michael

303

Comparing Indicators of Sexual Sadism as Predictors of Recidivism among Adult Male Sexual Offenders  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: In this longitudinal study, the predictive validity of a psychiatric diagnosis of sexual sadism was compared with three behavioral indicators of sadism: index sexual offense violence, sexual intrusiveness, and phallometrically assessed sexual arousal to depictions of sexual or nonsexual violence. Method: Five hundred and eighty six…

Kingston, Drew A.; Seto, Michael C.; Firestone, Philip; Bradford, John M.

2010-01-01

304

The Relationship between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Adult Male Sexual Dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of 359 men who sought sexual dysfunction treatment found that childhood sexual abuse did not predict sexual dysfunction in the men. Unemployment was the only significant predictor of male sexual dysfunction. Differences between the sexual abuse experiences of the male victims compared to female victims (n=73) are discussed. (Author/CR)

Sarwer, David B.; And Others

1997-01-01

305

The Relationship of Sexual Values and Emotional Awareness to Sexual Activity in Young Adulthood  

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A sample of 170 college freshman completed assessments related to emotional awareness, sexual values, and levels of sexual activity. There was a significant relationship between sexual values and sexual activity. Abstinence values appear to be important in the decision to engage in sexual activity. (Contains 2 tables.)

Balkin, Richard S.; Perepiczka, Michelle; Whitely, Ruth; Kimbrough, Sandy

2009-01-01

306

The Relationship between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Sexual Health Practices of Homeless Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the gender differences in sexual self-concept, personal resources for sexual health, safe sex behaviors, and risky sexual behaviors among homeless adolescents with and without histories of sexual abuse. Data for this secondary analysis were collected in 2003 to 2004 in the first phase of a larger repeated-measures sexual health…

Johnson, Regina Jones; Rew, Lynn; Sternglanz, R. Weylin

2006-01-01

307

Sexuality Education Curricula: The Consumer's Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

This guide provides information about 26 school-based sexuality education curricula. Sexuality educators, curriculum planners, administrators, and classroom teachers can use the material to: (1) quickly determine what is published in the area of school-based sexuality curricula; (2) identify specific attributes of sexuality curricula; (3) build a…

Ogletree, Roberta J.; And Others

308

On the Etiology of Sexual Dysfunction  

Science.gov (United States)

Lack of consideration of the sexually functional population has led to misconceptions about causes of sexual dysfunction functioning. Automatic functioning can mask effects of pathogenic influences on sexuality, making these effects appear random, confounding etiological issues and creating the belief that causes of sexual dysfunction and disorder…

Apfelbaum, Bernard

1977-01-01

309

The effect of gender roles on sexual assertiveness, engagement in sexual activity, and sexual satisfaction in heterosexual couples  

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The present study examines the relationship between gender roles and sexual assertiveness, engagement in sexual behavior, and sexual satisfaction in heterosexual couples. While previous studies have found males exhibit more assertive behaviors than females and that there is a relationship between gender roles and behavior, to date no study has examined how gender roles relates to sexual assertiveness level and sexual satisfaction between males and females. This study found a positive relation...

Lettenberger, Cassandra G.

2011-01-01

310

Abuso sexual : tratamientos y atención  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Treatments and attentionSexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of sexual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence. 

Álvaro Roberto Vallejo Samudio

2012-06-01

311

Sexual Victimization of College Women  

Science.gov (United States)

In early 2001, the Department of Justice released the report "Sexual Victimization of College Women," which offers "a comprehensive look into the prevalence and nature of sexual assault occurring at American colleges." The report provides data on the frequency, types, related injuries, and victim perceptions of sexual assault on campus. It finds that "about three percent of college women experience a completed and/or attempted rape during a typical college year" and that about thirteen percent of college women had been stalked since the beginning of the school year. The report can be downloaded in .pdf format or ASCII, and an online press release presents key findings.

Cullen, Francis T.; Fisher, Bonnie S.; Turner, Michael G.

2000-01-01

312

Sexual orientation microaggressions and the experience of sexual minorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study sought to confirm and expand on previous research on sexual orientation microaggressions--subtle discrimination in the form of verbal, behavioral, and environmental slights and indignities as defined by Sue (2010). The study had two primary research questions: Does the data from the sample validate Sue's (2010) typology of sexual orientation microaggressions? Beyond Sue's (2010) typology, are other themes/types of sexual orientation microaggressions present in the data? Using a focus group methodology, data was collected from a sample of self-identified non-heterosexual college students (N=12). Data analysis confirmed five previously identified themes from Sue's (2010) typology (Endorsement of Heteronormative Culture, Sinfulness, Homophobia, Heterosexist Language/Terminology, and Oversexualization) and demonstrated two new themes (Undersexualization and Microaggressions as Humor). The implications of sexual orientation microaggressions, along with limitations and future research directions, are discussed. PMID:23808348

Platt, Lisa F; Lenzen, Alexandra L

2013-07-01

313

Motivational influences on the degree and direction of sexual attraction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation can be defined as a class of central nervous processes determining the likelihood of display of a behavior and the intensity of the behavior if displayed. All behavior is, according to this definition, caused and controlled by motivation. Although the concept of motivation eventually could be replaced by an entirely mechanistic explanation of the causes of behavior, in terms of neural events, such explanations would be overly complex for everyday use. This is particularly the case with regard to the momentaneous fluctuations in the intensity of a behavior, like those occurring during copulation in rats. Thus, the concept of motivation will remain useful even when mechanistic explanations become available. Even though the propensity to perform sexual responses is determined by sexual motivation, another element is required for the execution of such responses. This other element is an appropriate stimulus, a sexual incentive. For a male rat, an appropriate incentive could be a sexually receptive female. For a human, it could be a mental representation of a sexual partner. The incentive activates approach behaviors, and the intensity of these behaviors will be determined by motivation and by the quality of the incentive stimulus, its attractivity. Much work has been done with the purpose of identifying the nature of the incentive stimulus or stimuli emitted by rats and other mammals. While visual stimuli seem to be of limited importance, auditory and particularly olfactory stimuli have been found to have incentive properties. Soluble chemicals may be important for some aspects of copulation, but copulatory motor patterns are basically under the control of tactile stimuli. The processing of sexual incentives in the rat brain has been studied with electroencephalographic techniques, and data show that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) participates in the identification of sexual incentives. Furthermore, there are important differences between the medial and orbital frontal cortices. The medial PFC, as well as the ventral tegmental area, also seem to participate in the generation of pelvic thrusting. PMID:18591470

Hernández-González, Marisela; Guevara, Miguel Angel; Agmo, Anders

2008-01-01

314

Sexually transmitted infections and women's sexual and reproductive health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are widespread globally and result in a large burden of sexual and reproductive health consequences that disproportionately affect women, including pregnancy complications, cancer, infertility, and enhanced HIV transmission. A new WHO publication, available online, outlines key points of action and new and future technologies for global STI prevention and control. Highlights from the WHO publication are described in the present article. PMID:24144238

Gottlieb, Sami L; Newman, Lori M; Amin, Avni; Temmerman, Marleen; Broutet, Nathalie

2013-12-01

315

Sexual networks: measuring sexual selection in structured, polyandrous populations.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sexual selection is traditionally measured at the population level, assuming that populations lack structure. However, increasing evidence undermines this approach, indicating that intrasexual competition in natural populations often displays complex patterns of spatial and temporal structure. This complexity is due in part to the degree and mechanisms of polyandry within a population, which can influence the intensity and scale of both pre- and post-copulatory sexual competition. Attempts to...

Mcdonald, Gc; James, R.; Krause, J.; Pizzari, T.

2013-01-01

316

Normative Beliefs and Sexual Risk in China  

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We examined normative beliefs about multiple sexual partners and social status in China and their association with risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Self-reported and biological markers of sexual risk were examined among 3,716 market vendors from a city in eastern China. Men who were older or with less education believed having multiple sexual partners was linked to higher social status. Adjusting for demographic characteristics, normative beliefs were signifi...

Li, Li; Ding, Ying Ying; Wu, Zunyou; Rotheram-borus, Mary Jane; Guo, Sam

2011-01-01

317

Current approach to sexual disfunctions in women  

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Even though sexual problems and sexual dysfunction are commonly observed in the society, a significant majority of the problems are not reported to the doctors, and due to this fact, remain unaddressed. In our country, the studies about sexual dysfunction are limited in number but in recent years there has been an increase in these studies. The ratio of sexual dysfunction is higher in women than the ratio in men (43%; 31%). However, there are few treatment modality about women sexual dysfunct...

Abdulkadir Tepeler; Levend Özkan; Hikmet Ya?ar

2010-01-01

318

Sexual behavior in international travelers visiting Cuzco  

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BACKGROUND: In South America, little is known about sexual behavior and risk factors for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among travelers and among local people sexually interacting with travelers. There is evidence that, in Peru, significant sexual interaction between these groups exists. METHOD: An anonymous written questionnaire was administered to travelers in the airport and bus stations before they left Cuzco. RESULTS: Of the travelers,5.6% engaged in sexual activity with ...

Cabada, M.; Montoya, M.; Echevarria, J.; Verdonck, K.; Seas, C.; Gotuzzo, E.

2003-01-01

319

Sexual compulsivity and sexual risk in gay and bisexual men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Much of our understanding of the association between the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been limited to samples of HIV positive MSM only. Using data from a community-based survey of gay and bisexual men (n = 1214), this analysis sought to further evaluate the association between the SCS and sexual risk behavior. The SCS was significantly associated with a variety of sexual risk behaviors, including having sex under the influence of club drugs, engaging in unprotected anal sex (receptive or insertive) with partners of the same and/or different HIV serostatus, identity as a barebacker, intentions to have bareback sex, number of recent sex partners, and temptation for unsafe sex. The SCS was also significantly associated with having engaged in a variety of specialized sexual behaviors (i.e., fetishes), many of which can increase HIV transmission risks. Finally, in multivariate analyses, the SCS significantly predicted unprotected sex with a non-main partner even when controlling for race, HIV serostatus, age, identity as a barebacker, and club drug use. These data indicate that the SCS may be able to serve as an indicator to detect HIV-associated sexual risk behavior in community-based samples of gay and bisexual men. PMID:19308715

Grov, Christian; Parsons, Jeffrey T; Bimbi, David S

2010-08-01

320

Nigerian secondary school adolescents’ perspective on abstinence-only sexual education as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/2fe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The success of any type of sexual education programme depends on the knowledge and preparedness for practice by adolescents. A recent study has found that an ‘abstinence-only’ sexual education programme is effective in reducing sexual activity among adolescents. Knowledge of abstinence-only sexual education and preparedness for practice as an effective tool for promotion of sexual health among Nigerian secondary school adolescents was studied. An analytic descriptive survey design was used for the study. The research population comprised of all public secondary schools in three southern geopolitical zones of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 2020 senior secondary school (SS1-SS3 students as sample for the study. A partially self-designed and partially adapted questionnaire from an 'abstinence-only versus comprehensive sex education' debate, from debatepedia (http://wiki.idebate.org/, entitled 'Questionnaire on Nigerian Secondary School Adolescents’ Perspective on Abstinence-Only Sexual Education (QNSSAPAOSE' was used in eliciting information from respondents. Hypotheses were formulated and tested. Frequency counts, percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation were used in analysing data. A greater proportion of secondary school adolescents in this study lacked knowledge of sexual education. About 80% of the respondents could not define sexual education. The general perspective on abstinence-only sexual education was negative, as revealed by the larger number of respondents who demonstrated unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Specifically, of those who responded in favour of abstinence-only sexual education, the youngest group of adolescents (11-13 years and the male respondents were more likely to accept this type of education than the other groups. Poor knowledge of sexual education could be responsible for unwillingness to practice abstinence-only sexual education. Sexual education should, therefore, be introduced into the secondary school curriculum and taught by well-prepared teachers to enable an informed decision on practice.

Mfrekemfon P Inyang

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
321

Atividade sexual na espondilite anquilosante / Sexual activity in ankylosing spondylitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Analisar a atividade sexual em pacientes com espondilite anquilosante, correlacionando com índices funcionais e de atividade da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados quanto a dor, fadiga, questionários de atividade de doença (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BAS [...] DAI), funcionalidade (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI) e atividade sexual (utilizando imagens de sete posições sexuais) 32 pacientes com diagnóstico de espondilite anquilosante e 32 controles saudáveis. Após a entrevista, os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo A (com atividade sexual) e grupo B (sem atividade sexual). RESULTADOS: O grupo B apresentou associação estatística com maior duração da doença (P = 0,01), pior funcionalidade (P = 0,0007) e maior atividade de doença (P = 0,03). Não houve correlação entre idade e capacidade funcional. O homem deitado de costas e a mulher sobre ele foi a posição mais frequente, agradável e menos dolorosa. A figura com a mulher de costas e o homem deitado sobre ela foi a posição menos escolhida. Indivíduos-controle relataram maior frequência e duração mais longa das relações sexuais, menos fadiga e dor, embora a frequência de orgasmos tenha sido semelhante nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A natureza crônica da espondilite anquilosante, com pior capacidade funcional e maior atividade da doença, interferiu no comportamento sexual dos pacientes. Quando o sexo se tornou possível, orgasmo e satisfação sexual não diferiram dos controles saudáveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the sexual activity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis, correlating it with disease activity and functional indices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 32 healthy controls were assessed regarding pain, fatigue, sexual activity (by use [...] of pictures of seven sexual positions), disease activity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index - BASDAI), and functional capacity (by use of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index - BASFI). After the interview, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (with sexual activity) and group B (no sexual activity). RESULTS: Group B showed statistical association with longer disease duration (P = 0.01), and higher BASFI (P = 0.0007) and BASDAI (P = 0.03) scores. No correlation was observed between age and functional capacity. Man lying on his back and woman on top was the most frequent, enjoyable and least painful position. The position with the woman on her back and a man lying on top was the least chosen. Control individuals reported a higher frequency of sexual activity, longer duration of intercourse, and less pain and fatigue; the reported frequency of orgasms, however, was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: The chronic nature of ankylosing spondylitis, with poor functional capacity and higher disease activity, interferes with sexual intercourse. When sexual activity was possible, orgasm and sexual satisfaction did not differ from those of healthy controls.

Andrea Lopes, Gallinaro; Lilian Lie, Akagawa; Mariana Hissami Ichiba, Otuzi; Percival Degrava, Sampaio-Barros; Célio Roberto, Gonçalves.

2012-12-01

322

[Sexual activity and cardiovascular risks].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual activity is a major aspect of the quality of life in the general population as well as in cardiac patients. It can be compromised by the disease itself (endothelial dysfunction, vascular or cardiac impairment) or by the treatments prescribed. An appropriate treatment should be proposed, including phosphodiesterase inhibitors in men with erectile dysfunction. The risk of cardiovascular complication during sexual activity is low and should not restrain sexual activity in the vast majority of patients. An evaluation of this risk should be made on an individual basis and counseling should be proposed to men and women with cardiovascular diseases regarding their sexual activity. But the most important point, for general practitioners and cardiologists, is to take initiative and talk to the patients about these problems. PMID:25087113

Bosser, Gilles; Chodek-Hingray, Anne; Kazmierczak, Céline; Juillière, Yves

2014-10-01

323

Legal dimensions of adolescent sexuality.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ethical and legal obligations with respect to treating a minor can be confusing, particularly in the areas of consent to treatment, confidentiality, and parental involvement. The clinician must be aware of the appropriate course of practice when the patient is an adolescent seeking care for contraception, pregnancy, or sexually transmitted infections. This article examines a number of ethical and legal issues that arise when providing reproductive and sexual health care to an adolescent and offers recommendations for the physician's most appropriate courses of action regarding adolescent patients and the age of consent to sexual activity, reporting of child abuse, provision of reproductive and sexual health care to a minor, assessing an adolescent's capacity to consent to treatment, the physician's duty of confidentiality, and the exceptions to the rule of confidentiality. PMID:15560862

Mykitiuk, Roxanne; Turnham, Stephanie

2004-11-01

324

The relationship between culture, personality, and sexual jealousy in men in heterosexual and homosexual relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study proposes a new approach to sexual jealousy, that of attitude theory. Within that framework, it examines the roles of culture and personality in the development of sexual jealousy. Using 194 men representing 62 male homosexual couples and 81 heterosexual couples, three hypotheses were analyzed: (1) that jealousy measured by a standard attitude measure, the semantic differential technique, will significantly positively correlate with scores on a standard jealousy measure, Eugene Mathes' Interpersonal Jealousy Scale; (2) that men in heterosexual couples will have higher levels of sexual jealousy than men in homosexual couples; and (3) that sexual jealousy is inversely correlated with self-actualization personality. All three hypotheses were supported, suggesting that sexual jealousy, viewed as an attitude, is mediated by culture and personality. PMID:2212631

Hawkins, R O

1990-01-01

325

[The Christian ethic and sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Catholic Church and the Christian faith in general have been accused of a history of sexual repression and denunciation of the dangers of all expressions of sexuality as well as of neglecting sex education within religious education. This work seeks to analyze the apparent conflict between Christian ethics and the experience of modern sexuality, and discusses the response of Christian ethics to the conflict. Beginning at the Renaissance and for the entire modern epoch, a moral system that might be called secularized has confronted that of the Church; it has been more liberal, utilitarian, and hedonistic in sexual matters. In the course of becoming more permissive, human sexuality like so many other aspects of modern culture has lost most of its sacred character. The sexual sphere in modern cultural and moral development is 1 of the aspects in which morals and customs are most distanced from religious influence. Despite the great sexual permissiveness of the mass media and the culture at large, adolescents and youth of today do not appear to have advanced any closer to a general state of happiness. Sexuality today--despite whatever sex education is available--is still enveloped in the same ignorance, feat, complexes, and conflicts as ever. The youth of today should have access to better sex education, they should be liberated from both religious taboos that impede health sexual adjustment and from the sexual permissiveness celebrated in much of the mass media. Teachers and moralists should engage in a dialogue in which the problem of sex education is examined in its complexity in order to identify elements of an improved process that would lead to a true humanization. An ethics that goes beyond the permissiveness of the present is needed, but it should not be based on fear of AIDS, fear of pregnancy, or any other fears or threats. A positive secular ethics moved by natural motivations and a Christian ethics motivated by faith in the love of God should appear more frequently and clearly in social commentaries, instead of the usual advice to shed all inhibitions. Human sexuality should be examined in the context of the other elements of the interior life, including affectivity, liberty, and religiosity. PMID:12343308

Hourton, J

1991-03-01

326

Rehabilitation Aspects of Human Sexuality  

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The PLISSIT model is a comprehensive program that combines educational strategies with behavioral intervention to integrate human sexuality into the initial rehabilitation of spinal cord-injured persons. Sexuality is treated as a health care issue as important as bowel and bladder care, skin care, psychosocial issues, mobility, self-care and vocational concerns. Patients admitted to the Spinal Cord Injury Program are surrounded by a supportive milieu and an interdisciplinary staff who comfort...

Madorsky, Julie G. Botvin; Dixon, Thomas P.

1983-01-01

327

Sexual activity in old age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of the principal factors influencing sexual activity of elderly persons. Data of foreign study and sociologic research carried out in Saratov region (2010 were used as the base for the analysis. It was revealed that the primary determinants of sexual activity in old age are the following: state of health, presence or absence of a partner, active lifestyle

Chernyshkova ?. V.

2011-09-01

328

Book review: sexual fields: toward a sociology of collective sexual Life, edited by Adam Isaiah Green  

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Sexual Fields: Toward a Sociology of Collective Sexual Life provides an innovative and productive way of thinking about how sexual attitudes, desires, attractions, practices, and worlds are constructed, writes Megan Daigle. Adam Isaiah Green and contributors develop a distinctively sociological approach for analysing collective sexual life, where much of the sexual life of our society resides today. Students and researchers working on sexuality, gender, or queer studies should find something ...

Daigle, Megan

2014-01-01

329

Determinants of risky sexual behavior among women in Ukraine: condom use at first sexual intercourse  

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BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) create a great hazard to public health. STIs occur mostly as a result of different types of risky sexual behavior, such as early sexual debut, unprotected sexual intercourses, alcohol use during sex, multiple partnership etc. Condoms are known to provide the best protection against negative consequences of risky sexual behavior. In this study we aimed to determine factors associated with condom use at first sexual intercourses by women in Ukra...

Barska, Julia; Savchuk, Valentyna

2012-01-01

330

The Role of Sexual Assault and Sexual Dysfunction in Alcohol and Other Drug Use Disorders  

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Many women with sexual assault histories receive care in alcohol and other drug treatment programs. Affected women frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction, leading investigators to suggest self-medication may be one path to alcohol and other drug use disorders and relapse. This preliminary study examined sexual dysfunction and sexual assault in 71 women receiving treatment for addiction. Women with prior sexual assault scored higher than non-assaulted women on sexual dysfunction overall, a ...

Sanjuan, Pilar M.; Langenbucher, James W.; Labouvie, Erich

2006-01-01

331

Characteristics of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence Influence Sexual Risk Behavior in Adulthood  

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Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse has been associated with subsequent (adult) sexual risk behavior, but the effects of force and type of sexual abuse on sexual behavior outcomes have been less well-studied. The present study investigated the associations between sexual abuse characteristics and later sexual risk behavior, and explored whether gender of the child/adolescent moderated these relations. Patients attending an STD clinic completed a computerized survey that assessed history of ...

Senn, Theresa E.; Carey, Michael P.; Vanable, Peter A.; Coury-doniger, Patricia; Urban, Marguerite

2007-01-01

332

Pharmacogenomics and sexuality: a vision.  

Science.gov (United States)

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multidimensional with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors modulating the clinical expression of sexual symptoms and associated distress. During the entire reproductive lifespan, intra- and interpersonal experiences shape human neuroendocrine and neurovascular sexual pathways. These are dependent on genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, including acquired medical conditions. Understanding the genetic basis of FSD can help to determine clinical phenotypes of women and therefore postulate the most effective intervention according to biological, psychological or environmental determinants. However, there is a paucity of studies demonstrating a genetic contribution to FSD and a diverse modulation of innate and acquired factors on discrete domains of sexual response and distress. This is evident from menarche to menopause. Pharmacogenomics is still in its infancy in the field of sexual medicine and most data regarding genetic polymorphisms of drug targets associated with susceptibility to sexual dysfunction have been obtained in males. Pharmacogenomics may be the future of medical practice in women with FSD and may guide an individualized approach by predicting both therapeutic effects at varying dosages of hormonal and non-hormonal agents, and disadvantageous side-effects and drug interactions. PMID:23848488

Nappi, R E; Domoney, C

2013-08-01

333

Pathologizing sexual deviance: a history.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a historical perspective on how both American and European psychiatrists have conceptualized and categorized sexual deviance throughout the past 150 years. During this time, quite a number of sexual preferences, desires, and behaviors have been pathologized and depathologized at will, thus revealing psychiatry's constant struggle to distinguish mental disorder--in other words, the "perversions," "sexual deviations," or "paraphilias"--from immoral, unethical, or illegal behavior. This struggle is apparent in the works of 19th- and early-20th-century psychiatrists and sexologists, but it is also present in the more recent psychiatric textbooks and diagnostic manuals, such as the consecutive editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). While much of the historical literature revolves around the controversy over homosexuality, this article also reviews the recent medicohistorical and sociohistorical work on other forms of sexual deviance, including the diagnostic categories listed in the latest edition, the DSM-IV-TR: exhibitionism, voyeurism, fetishism, frotteurism, pedophilia, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, and transvestic fetishism. PMID:23480073

De Block, Andreas; Adriaens, Pieter R

2013-01-01

334

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S which, when homozygous (Hb SS is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and female sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.

Viviane de Almeida Côbo

2013-01-01

335

Alcohol, función sexual y masculinidad / Alcoholism, sexual function and masculinity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: el consumo de alcohol es una adicción frecuente. Produce afectación en todos los ámbitos del desenvolvimiento del ser humano incluyendo la sexualidad. Objetivos: identificar la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su tipo en hombres alcohólicos, y la percepción de género acerca de la r [...] elación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual. Métodos: estudio cualitativo descriptivo en pacientes alcohólicos con tratamiento en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del hospital "Dr. Salvador Allende" y que solicitaron atención ambulatoria. El universo era de 35 pacientes, se excluyeron las mujeres y los que no quisieron participar. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 hombres. Se utilizaron los métodos de entrevista semiestandarizada y de investigación-acción participativa dentro de un grupo psicoterapéutico. Resultados: la edad del grupo osciló entre 40 y 50 años. Hubo predominio de la disfunción sexual eréctil. La percepción de la relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la disfunción sexual fue muy baja pero al final de la investigación hubo un incremento en el número de pacientes que reconocieron tener una disfunción sexual, en relación con los resultados registrados al inicio. La significación de las disfunciones sexuales estuvo relacionada con patrones rígidos de masculinidad. Conclusiones: en los encuentros realizados, los participantes recibieron desde el punto de vista médico, todos los elementos para reconocer la presencia de disfunciones sexuales y su vínculo con el consumo de alcohol, lo que es el mayor valor de esta investigación y su contribución para una mejor comprensión y conocimiento de esta adicción. Abstract in english Introduction: alcohol consumption is a frequent addiction that influences all the aspects of a human being's life including sexuality. Objective: to identify sexual dysfunctions and their type in alcoholic males aged 40 to 50 years, and their gender perception about the association of alcohol and se [...] xual dysfunction. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study was performed in alcoholic outpatients patients treated at the psyquiatric service of "Dr Salvador Allende" hospital. The universe of study was 35 people, but females and those who refused to participate in were excluded. Twenty males made up the final sample. Semi-standardized interview and participatory research-action were used. Results: the erectile sexual dysfunction prevailed. The gender perception about the association of alcohol consumption and sexual dysfunction was very poor; however, the number of patients who accepted that they had suffered some sexual dysfunction increased at the end of the study when compared to the initial data. The significance of sexual dysfunction was linked to stringent patterns of masculinity. Conclusions: the participants were given all the required elements from the medical viewpoint to admit the existence of sexual dysfunctions and their association with the alcohol consumption. This is considered an accomplishment of this research study in addition to being a contribution to better understanding and knowledge about this addiction.

Annia, Duany Navarro; Gloria, Hernández Marín.

2012-12-01

336

Understanding Experiences of Sexuality with Cerebral Palsy through Sexual Script Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study explored how people with cerebral palsy (CP negotiated and perceived their sexual interactions with others. In doing so, this research discusses participant conceptualizations of sexuality with CP. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with two women and five men with moderate to severe cerebral palsy from Canada and Australia. The interview discourse focused on how, if at all, interactional constructions of sexuality influenced the way in which participants expressed and negotiated their sexuality. Interview data were thematically analyzed using NVivo and manual line-by-line analysis. Negotiated sexuality with partners, and communication styles influenced understandings of sexuality with CP. Partner validation was important to participant understanding sexuality as was the style and quality of communication about sexuality between sexual partners. Sexuality was meaningful with a sense of closeness, experiences of affection and reciprocity. Personal sexual agency enabled negotiation of preferred sexuality as did perceived levels of socio-sexual compatibility. The findings confirm that sexuality is socially negotiated. For people with CP personal agency yields more satisfying socio-sexual outcomes. In this regard, the ability to make (and exercise choice when negotiating interactional sexual experiences reinforces conceptualizations of oneself as a sexual being and sexual equal.

Tinashe M Dune

2013-01-01

337

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity and cognitive priming on sexual aggression in the laboratory.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research follows from the "rape proclivity" literature to evaluate whether proclivity actually predicts sexual coercion. One hundred forty-two heterosexual males attending a Canadian university participated. Participants completed the sexual coercion proclivity questionnaire packet to determine high or low sexual coercion proclivity, and were randomly assigned to complete either an innocuous or a sexually aggressive cognitive priming task. Sexual coercion was operationalized by having men read increasingly graphic sexual material to an increasingly uncomfortable confederate. Regardless of condition, high sexual coercion proclivity males were more likely to engage in sexual coercion than low sexual coercion proclivity males. When the effects of discomfort were controlled, a significant interaction emerged between sexual coercion proclivity and the priming condition on sexual coercion. Although engaging in significantly less sexual coercion than the high sexual coercion proclivity males when assigned to the innocuous cognitive priming task, the low sexual coercion proclivity males assigned to the sexually aggressive cognitive priming task were indistinguishable from the high sexual coercion proclivity group. The nature of this relationship differed for Caucasian and Chinese men. These findings suggest that even those not previously inclined toward sexual coercion can do so under opportunistic circumstances, following an increase in discomfort associated with exposure to and involvement with sexually aggressive material. The prevention implications associated with this are discussed. PMID:22126261

Thomas, Lindsey A; Gorzalka, Boris B

2013-01-01

338

Separating mind and body: an approach to the thoughts and feelings of female university students/sexual workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article takes into account the vision of female university students who are also sexual workers and the meaning that job has for them. Objective: to understand the meaning that sexual job has for female university students/sexual workers, what they think and feel about it. Methodology:qualitative research was the starting point using ethnographical techniques such as the interview, the ?eld diary and documental revision. Results: the daily life of female university students/sexual workers goes around their family, university and work, where they separate mind from body as a mechanism of emotional protection to avoid sadness and deception.

Martha Catalina Loaiza G

2007-08-01

339

Sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual activities are increasingly changing from the cultural point of view what they used to be. Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among in-school and out-of-school but unmarried adolescents aged 10 to 19 in five locations in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect information and to characterize sexual practices among these adolescents. Results About 32% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being males than females. The only inquired and reported sexual practices include vaginal sex, masturbation, oral and anal sex. About 15% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. Significantly more males reported having multiple partners than females. Nearly 42% of sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during most recent sexual act. Females reported older partners at first sexual act. Conclusion Adolescents experience several sexual practices that include penetrative and non-penetrative. More males reported being sexually active than females. Despite adolescents reporting having multiple sexual partners, reported condom use during the most recent sexual act was low. We advocate for a more enhanced approach of reproductive health education that includes safer sex to adolescents without forgetting those in-schools.

Masatu Melkiory C

2009-10-01

340

The cognitive structure of the domain of safe and unsafe gay sexual behaviour in Belgium.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares the cognitive structure of sexual techniques of safe versus unsafe gay men older than 30 years. Subjects rated 25 sexual techniques by six bipolar adjective scales making up a short version of the semantic differential. Scales measured subjects' perception of the safety and gratification potential of the sexual techniques. We used cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling and factor analysis. Subjects reporting no unprotected anal sex with non-steady partners (N = 312) differ from men reporting unsafe behaviour (N = 19). Safe and unsafe men used different main categories to structure the domain of sexual behaviour. Within the group of safe men, the domain of sexual behaviour structured by perceptions of gratification and safety seem to mirror the epidemiological structuring of sexual techniques using the non-penetration versus penetration, and transmission of body fluids versus no transmission of fluids dimension. Among risky men, this structuring is not that clearly present. We found different estimations of the level of risk associated with unprotected insertive versus receptive anal sex in combination with a higher perception of the gratification potential of the former. Unsafe men seem to make a noticeable difference between their own and their partner's risk and gratification. PMID:11177465

Vincke, J; Bolton, R; De Vleeschouwer, P

2001-02-01

 
 
 
 
341

Sexual practices in youth: analysis of lifetime sexual trajectory and last sexual intercourse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article examines the sexual practices of young Brazilians based on data from the GRAVAD Research Project, a household survey targeting males and females from 18 to 24 years of age (n = 4,634) in three Brazilian State capitals: Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador. The set of practices experienced over the course of their sexual careers is characterized by traits of social belonging, elements from individual life histories, and prescribed rules of conduct for men and women. The auth...

Heilborn Maria Luiza; Cabral Cristiane S.

2006-01-01

342

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse / Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas / Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em um [...] a organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre f [...] ebrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil [...] through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

Quitéria Clarice Magalhães, Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão, Cardoso.

343

Child sexual abuse: the perception of mothers concerning their daughters' sexual abuse / Abuso sexual infantil: percepção de mães em face do abuso sexual de suas filhas / Abuso sexual infantil: percepción de las madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A violência doméstica atinge todos os componentes familiares, as crianças são consideradas as principais vítimas. Este é um estudo qualitativo que objetivou apreender a percepção de mães cujas filhas foram vítimas de abuso sexual infantil. Os dados foram coletados em fevereiro e março de 2007, em um [...] a organização governamental de Fortaleza, CE, mediante entrevista semiestruturada com dez mães de meninas vítimas de abuso sexual. As informações foram submetidas à técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, da qual emergiram três temas: a culpa arraigada pelo mito materno, a dor do insuperável e o desespero como consequência do sentimento de impotência, permitindo apreender que as mães vivenciam uma gama de sentimentos, destacando-se a dor, revolta e impotência. Considera-se a necessidade de haver interesse por parte da sociedade para compreender a violência, sua magnitude e toda a cadeia atingida, caso contrário, só restarão boas intenções perdidas no vazio da falta de ação. Abstract in spanish La violencia doméstica afecta a todos los componentes familiares, las niñas son consideradas las principales víctimas. Este es un estudio cualitativo que tuvo por objetivo aprender la percepción de las madres cuyas hijas fueron víctimas de abuso sexual infantil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre f [...] ebrero y marzo de 2007, en una organización gubernamental de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, mediante entrevista semiestructurada con diez madres de niñas víctimas de abuso sexual. Las informaciones fueron sometidas a la técnica del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, de la cual emergieron tres temas: la culpa arraigada por el mito materno, el dolor de lo insuperable y el desespero, como consecuencia del sentimiento de impotencia, permitiendo aprender que las madres experimentan una amplia gama de sentimientos, destacándose el dolor, la rebelión y la impotencia. Se considera una necesidad que exista un interés por parte de la sociedad para comprender la violencia, su magnitud y todas sus implicaciones, caso contrario, solo restarán buenas intenciones perdidas en el vacío de la falta de acción. Abstract in english Domestic violence affects all members in a family and children are considered the main victims. This qualitative study aimed to grasp the perception of mothers whose daughters were sexually abused. Data were collected between February and March 2007 in a governmental facility in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil [...] through semi-structured interviews with ten mothers of sexually abused children. Data were submitted to the Collective Subject Discourse Technique from which three themes emerged: Guilt is rooted in the motherhood myth, unhealable pain and despair as a consequence of a feeling of powerlessness. Results evidenced that mothers experience a range of feelings in which pain, revulsion and powerlessness are highlighted. Society should be engaged in the subject and interested in understanding violence, its magnitude and the whole affected chain, otherwise, only good intentions will remain, lost in the void from the lack of action.

Quitéria Clarice Magalhães, Carvalho; Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Galvão; Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão, Cardoso.

2009-08-01

344

Tipo de contacto sexual y experiencia sexual precoital en adolescentes españoles / Type of sexual contact and precoital sexual experience in spanish adolescents  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar algunas características de las conductas sexuales precoitales y el tipo de contacto sexual, en adolescentes españoles. Participó una muestra representativa de 4.456 estudiantes españoles de enseñanza secundaria obligatoria. Se administró un cuestionario sobre [...] conducta sexual. Es un estudio transversal descriptivo de poblaciones, mediante encuestas con muestras probabilísticas. Los adolescentes fueron seleccionados mediante un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, en función del tipo de centro educativo y de la comunidad autónoma. En comparación con las mujeres, los varones comenzaron las experiencias sexuales sin penetración a una edad más temprana, tenían un mayor número de parejas y un mayor porcentaje de ellos manifestó tener parejas ocasionales. Este estudio no solo contribuye al conocimiento sobre la conducta sexual de los adolescentes antes del inicio de las relaciones sexuales con penetración, sino que en él se destaca la importancia de desarrollar estrategias de prevención sexual en los adolescentes. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to examine characteristics of precoital sexual behaviors and types of sexual contact in adolescent. A representative sample of 4,456 Spanish high school students participated. These participants were selected by means of a stratified random sampling procedure. They complete [...] d a questionnaire about their sexual behaviour. It is a cross-sectional survey study. Differences according to age and gender in characteristics of sexual behaviour before the onset of sexual intercourse were found. Compared to females, males started non penetrative sexual experiences earlier, had a higher number of sexual partners and a higher percentage of males reported having had casual sexual partner. This study not only adds to knowledge about sexual behaviour before the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescents, it also highlights the importance of developing sexual prevention strategies for young adolescents.

MARÍA-PAZ, BERMÚDEZ; GUALDERMO, BUELA-CASAL; INMACULADA, TEVA.

2011-05-01

345

Orientação sexual nas escolas: fato ou anseio? Orientación sexual en las escuelas: ¿realidad o anhelo? Sexual orientation in the school context: fact or eagerness?  

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Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou analisar sob a ótica dos educadores de escolas públicas do ensino fundamental, como o tema "orientação sexual" vem sendo incorporado nas práticas pedagógicas. Participaram do estudo 23 professores da rede municipal de ensino de Cajazeiras, Paraíba. Elegeu-se o grupo focal como técnica de investigação, e os dados empíricos obtidos foram organizados mediante análise de conteúdo temática. Constatou-se que há um esforço dos atores em privilegiar conteúdos relativos à orientação sexual no ambiente escolar, porém esses debates exigem que preliminarmente seja incentivado um aprofundamento de caráter informativo e subjetivo sobre "sexualidade", propiciando aos educadores um espaço para re-significações de sua internalidade e valores. A informação direcionada ao cuidado de si deve extrapolar os limites preventivistas e higienistas, incorporando metodologias extensivas, inclusivas e reflexivas, que reconheçam os direitos humanos e sociais e favoreçam a construção ética da cidadania.La investigación cualitativa objetivo analizar las perspectivas de los educadores de escuelas públicas de educación básica como el tema "orientación sexual" se ha incorporado as prácticas de enseñanza. Los participantes del estudio fueron 23 profesores de escuelas municipales de Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brasil. Fue elegido el grupo focal como técnica de investigación, y los datos obtenidos fueron organizados por el análisis de contenido temático. Se encontró que hay un esfuerzo de los actores en favor de contenidos relacionados con la orientación sexual en el entorno escolar, pero eso requiere que las discusiones preliminares debe alentar una profundización de carácter subjetivo sobre "sexualidad", proporcionando un espacio para que los educadores resignificación de interioridad y sus valores. Información dirigida a los cuidados personales debe trascender los límites de prevención e higienistas, incorporando metodologías amplia, inclusiva y reflexiva, que reconocen los derechos humanos y promover la construcción social y ético de ciudadanía.Qualitative research that aimed to analyze under the optics of educators from public schools of fundamental teaching, how the theme "sexual orientation" has been incorporated into pedagogic practices. Twenty three educators of municipal teaching of Cajazeiras' city, Paraíba, Brazil, took part of the study. The focus group was elected as technique of investigation, and the empirical data obtained were organized according to the technique of analysis of content. It was realized that there is an effort of the actors to privilege contents related to sexual orientation in the school environment, though it is required that preliminarily a depth of informative and subjective character about the "sexuality" be incentivized, propitiating to the educators a space for re-significations of its internality of values. The information directed to self-care must transcend the limits preventative and hygienists, incorporating methodologies extensive, inclusive and reflective, which recognize human and social rights and promote the ethical construction of citizenship.

Sandra Aparecida de Almeida

2011-03-01

346

Abuso sexual: tratamientos y atención / Sexual abuse: Treatments and attention  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El abuso sexual afecta fundamentalmente a niños de cualquier género y mujeres, dejando graves secuelas en las víctimas, y en su medio familiar y social. Este artículo rastrea las publicaciones disponibles en materia de acciones encaminadas al apoyo de sobrevivientes de abuso sexual, por parte de los [...] sistemas de salud pública en algunos países, y los tratamientos de origen psicológico más recomendados para la reparación de la salud mental de las víctimas. El abuso sexual en países en desarrollo debe ser un asunto de seguridad pública, más aun en Colombia, donde la violación de mujeres es una arma de guerra usada por los actores de la violencia sociopolítica. Abstract in english Sexual abuse mainly affects children of both genders and women, with serious consequences for the victims and their familial and the social environment. This article traces available literature on the actions on the part of public health systems in some countries, aimed at supporting survivors of se [...] xual abuse. It also examines the most recommended psychological treatments for repairing the mental health of victims. Sexual abuse in developing countries should be a public safety issue, more so in Colombia, where rape of women is a weapon of war used by players in sociopolitical violence.

Álvaro Roberto, Vallejo Samudio; Martha Isabel, Córdoba Arévalo.

347

Intimate partner violence (physical and sexual and sexually transmitted infection: results from Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011  

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Full Text Available Liladhar Dhakal, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Arja R AroUnit of Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, DenmarkIntroduction: Violence against women perpetrated by their intimate partners is a social problem with adverse health consequences. Intimate partner violence has acute and chronic as well as direct and indirect health consequences related to physical, psychological, and reproductive health. Studies exploring relationships of intimate partner violence and health consequences are rare in Nepal. Hence, this study aimed to examine the relationships between intimate partner violence and sexually transmitted infections.Method: This study used data from the nationally representative Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011, which collected data through a two-stage complex sampling technique. Women 15–49 years were asked about domestic violence including intimate partner violence. For this analysis, 3,084 currently married women were included. Questions about domestic violence were adapted from the Conflict Tactic Scale. Relationships between different forms of physical and sexual intimate partner violence and reported signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis.Results: Approximately 15% of currently young and middle-aged married women experienced some form of violence in the last 12 months. About one in four women who were exposed to physical and sexual intimate partner violence reported sexually transmitted infection in the last 12 months. The odds of getting sexually transmitted infection were 1.88 [95% CI:1.29, 2.73] times higher among women exposed to any form of intimate partner violence in the last 12 months compared to women not exposed to any form of intimate partner violence.Conclusion: Intimate partner violence was common among currently married women in Nepal. Being exposed to intimate partner violence and getting signs and symptoms of sexually transmitted disease were found to be associated. Integration of intimate partner violence prevention and reproductive health programs is needed to reduce the burden of sexually transmitted disease among currently married women.Keywords: intimate partner violence, socio-demographic, sexually transmitted disease, Nepal

Dhakal L

2014-01-01

348

Contributions of divergent peer and parent sexual messages to Asian American college students' sexual behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Receiving more parent sexual communication is generally linked to a later age of first sexual intercourse and less sexual risk taking. However, Asian American youth report minimal parent sexual communication, later sexual initiation, and fewer sexual risks than their counterparts. What contributes to this unexpected pattern of sexual communication and sexual behaviors? To answer this question, we surveyed 312 Asian American college students ages 17 to 22 on their sexual behaviors, parent sexual communication, and peer sexual communication. Assessment of parent and peer sexual communication was completed via a measure in which participants rated the frequency with which they had received each of 22 sexual messages from each source. Young women generally received more messages promoting abstinence, traditional sex roles, and sex within a relational context than their male counterparts. Young men, however, reported greater parent and peer communications that were accepting of casual sex. Exposure to peer messages that were accepting of casual sex was associated with more sexual partners, casual sex encounters, and sexual experience. Being older, being raised outside the United States, being less religious, and being homosexual was each predictive of more sexual experience. Implications regarding the role of culture and gender on sexual socialization are discussed. PMID:23305521

Trinh, Sarah L; Ward, L Monique; Day, Kyla; Thomas, Khia; Levin, Dana

2014-01-01

349

[Medical aspects of adolescent sexuality].  

Science.gov (United States)

The increase of sexual activity among the adolescents has become a danger to their reproductive health. The goal of this study was to explore sexual behaviour of young people, to establish risks that endanger their reproductive health, and to find out the ways to reduce the consequences of adolescent sexuality. The study was conducted in the Mother and Child Health Care Institute of Serbia over a 2-year period. The sexual and reproductive behaviour, attitudes toward sexuality and contraception, as well as the prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections were analyzed in 300 sexually active adolescent females, aged 19 years. The first sexual intercourse was in 16.9 years, in average. Less than one-third of the total number (31.3%) of these persons had contraceptive protection at the first intercourse; condom was most frequently used (28.3%). Motives for the initiation of sexual activity were: love (45.7%), curiosity (35.7%), physical attraction and passion (8.3%), peer pressure (5.0%), on the boyfriend's insistence (4.7%), need for love (0.3%) and without answer (0.3%). Two-thirds of adolescent females (63.7%) reported more than one partner, 21.7% more than three and 10.2% more than five sexual partners. Almost half of girls (40.7%) experienced sexual intercourse in casual acquaintance, and 10.3% with a 10 or more years older partner. Use of contraceptive methods during each sexual encounter was inconsistent and sporadic. More than half of adolescent females (54.3%) relied on traditional forms of contraception, like withdrawal of the phallus. Condom was the method of contraceptive choice in one-third (34.3%) of girls, "birth-control pill" in 10.7% and spermicides in 0.7% of subjects. With a new sexual partner condom was used regularly by 55.6% of adolescents; and the remaining percentage of girls used condom irregularly (24.7%), or never (19.7%). The time interval between the initiation of sexual activity and the first gynaecological examination was more than 6 months in 56.7% of cases, and from one to three years in 31.0% of tested adolescent females. The reasons for the first gynaecological visit were as follows: fear of getting pregnant (22.0%), suspicion of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (22.0%) and symptoms indicating a pelvic inflammatory disease (18.3%). Only one-third of girls (37.7%) had their first gynaecological examination as a regular control examination or to get some contraceptive advice. During the adolescence unwanted pregnancy was noted in 16.0% of examined girls. One legal abortion had 14.4% of girls, two 1.3% and three 0.3% of adolescent females. Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection was found in 30.3% of girls. In the girls' opinion the improved knowledge about sexuality, reproduction and contraception is the best way of popularizing contraception among youth. This could be done by introduction of sexual education in school programmes (51.0%) or through mass media (33.3%). A successful health care service for young people should include: a gynaecologist who will have enough time and patience for an adolescent patient (91.3%); a female gynaecologist (36.7%); and a kind other health care workers (21.3%). In order to increase the number of adolescents who will use a condom, the following measures are necessary: a better quality of condoms (54.0%), installation of condom machines (15.6%), mass media education programmes on the significance of the condom role in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (10.0%), attractive design of condoms (7.0%), free condoms (6.7%), and universal accessibility of condoms (1.0%). The reproductive health of adolescent girls in Belgrade has been endangered by: their sexual behaviour, poor acceptance of healthy life styles, lack of responsibility in sexual relationships and high prevalence rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Improvement of adolescent reproductive health could be achieved by: educational programmes for adolescents about sexuality, reproduction and contraceptio

Sedlecki, K; Markovic, A; Rajic, G

2001-01-01

350

Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the magnitude and patterns of sexual coercion experienced by female adolescents in Southwest zone in Nigeria. The study population consists of all female adolescents aged 12-16 years. These adolescents are those who are either enrolled in the secondary school or those with limited education that was not in school at the period of this study. Samples of 475 girls were drawn from both the school and those not in schools. The sample was drawn from three different Yoruba speaking states in the south west Nigeria. The sampling techniques that were used were stratified and simple random sampling. The research instrument was a self constructed questionnaire title (SCAQ- Sexual Coercion of female Adolescents Questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76 and was validated using, face content, validity procedure of testing validity. The data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages for describing the data. The appropriate statistics such as t-test, Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square were used to make inferences about the data. The analysis of the data shows that girls have experienced sexual coercion such as verbal threats, unwanted touch, deceived into sex or forced sex. Other forms of sexual coercion such as verbal pressure, threats or unwanted holding of hands unwanted hugging or kissing as well as forced sexual activities have been experienced by girls. Based on the findings, it was recommended that skill training needs to be provided in and outside the school system. Teachers and counsellors should convey prevention messages so as to sensitize or discourage sexual coercion of female students in school.

Akanle Florence Foluso

2011-03-01

351

SEXUAL ABUSE OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL RETARDATION  

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Full Text Available People from the”Normal“ population don't have enough knowledge about the problems caused by mental retardation. Very often they have wrong sense and biases about mentally retarded people, considering them as people who suffer from pshychic illness. Mentally retarded people, very often are considered very different from the ”Normal“ population, but if we come closer to them we will see that there are more similarities than differences. The period in which we live today is full of challenges and fulfillments, which are frightening for people with mental retardation. It will be logical if the progress and contemporary techniques and the society go together with progress of human relationships, but, in fact, we are witnesses of lots of unhuman acts. The number of mental retarded people who have been victims of sexual abuse increases more and more everyday, and the most tragic is that they are not even aware of the situation in most cases. Persons with mental retardation in most situations become victims of this kind of unhuman acts because they don't know to say ”No“ to adults.This paper is a supplement for investigations about frequency, reasons and possibilities for prevention of sexual abuse of people with mental retardation.

Olivera RASHICH

2006-12-01

352

[Psychosexual development and sexual education].  

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The bio-environmental influence on the sexual development and ripeness includes to the morality as the essential element of the behavioral expression. There are few studies directed to the interface between the healthy sexual development and the early intervention destined for the child-youth sexual risky behaviors. A suitable development sociomoral waits that every individual genuine participant and healthily in his sexuality to share it with another human being, without moving away from his expression. Some behavioral differences between the genders are described; goals of development; importance of assigning sexual education to the child-youth population, its vectors and preventive recommendations in domestic and/or school ambiences, directed to the personnel of health, as the avoidance of not wished pregnancy, the prevention of STD and other behaviors of risk. It is invited to the revaluation of the welfare services; supervision of programs, familiar participation; increase of the education in means of information, with personal and social responsibility. Such a consolidation requires from the health personnel the fulfillment of the educational-preventive recommendations of the professional performance to the advantage of a responsible practice. PMID:15587823

Souza y Machorro, Mario

2004-09-01

353

PRÁCTICAS SEXUALES DE GESTANTES BRASILEÑAS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: Las prácticas sexuales son influenciadas por aspectos de la naturaleza y de la cultura y con el avanzar de la gestación sufren modificaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del desenvolvimiento del embarazo sobre prácticas sexuales de gestantes en Florianópolis (SC) - Brasil. Método: In [...] vestigación retrospectiva y no probabilística que tuvo como participantes 138 mujeres en el período post-parto inmediato de Florianópolis, Brasil. Fue utilizado el Cuestionario de Sexualidad en la Gestación como instrumento y el análisis de los datos fue hecha a partir de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, con el test no paramétrico de Cochran'Q. Resultados: La práctica del coito vaginal fue gradual y significativamente menos realizada a lo largo de la gestación (Cochran's Q=31,86; p Abstract in english Background: The sexual practices are influenced by aspects from nature and from culture and with the development of the gestation they suffer considered modifications. Objective: Evalúate the impact of the gestation development on pregnant women' sexual practices in Florianópolis (SC) - Brazil. Meth [...] od: This is a retrospective and non probabilistic research that had 138 women participants in the immediate post parturition period in Florianópolis (SC), Brazil. The Questionnaire of Sexuality in Pregnancy was used as instrument of research and the data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Cochran's Q.'S test). Results: The practice of the vaginal coitus was gradually and significantly less accomplished along the gestation (Cochran's Q=31.86; p

Cinara, Sacomori; Fernando Luiz, Cardoso.

354

La seducción sexual infantil: revolución y repercusiones de la teoría de Freud / The infantile sexual seduction: revolution and aftermath of Freud's theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english There is no question about the negative effects of child sexual abuse. Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years. His contr [...] ibution consisted in the discovery of specific events, prior to puberty, which were indispensable to the formation of psychoneuroses. If an adult patient recalled an infantile sexual experience, Freud assumed the interference of a pervert: a child was sexually innocent unless it had been traumatized. But Freud's technique of clinical exploration had not attained adequate reliability and was not immune to prejudices. Freud himself dropped his mechanical, static theory that presupposed a single type of accidentally occurring trauma prior to puberty, allowing him to develop his new drive and fantasy theory.

Gustavo, Figueroa C.

355

La seducción sexual infantil: revolución y repercusiones de la teoría de Freud / The infantile sexual seduction: revolution and aftermath of Freud's theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english There is no question about the negative effects of child sexual abuse. Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years. His contr [...] ibution consisted in the discovery of specific events, prior to puberty, which were indispensable to the formation of psychoneuroses. If an adult patient recalled an infantile sexual experience, Freud assumed the interference of a pervert: a child was sexually innocent unless it had been traumatized. But Freud's technique of clinical exploration had not attained adequate reliability and was not immune to prejudices. Freud himself dropped his mechanical, static theory that presupposed a single type of accidentally occurring trauma prior to puberty, allowing him to develop his new drive and fantasy theory.

Gustavo, Figueroa C.

2014-01-01

356

Sexual politics and sexual rights in Brazil: an overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this text is to survey the political construction of sexual rights in Brazil working on themes that are especially relevant to the configuration of these rights (reproduction/abortion, STDs/AIDS and sexual diversity), and mapping the main actors, the legal instruments now in place or still being discussed and, lastly, the public policies that have been adopted in the last two decades. We considered the 1988 Brazilian Constitution the landmark from which, in terms of the civil society's perspective at least, demands for new rights are ordained and, at state level, public policies and legal instruments are generated to satisfy these demands. PMID:19288350

Vianna, A R B; Carrara, S; Lacerda, P

2008-01-01

357

Evolución y orientación sexual / Evolution and sexual direction  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La teoría evolutiva propuesta por Darwin sugiere el mecanismo de la selección natural para explicar la forma como las especies se adaptaron, sobrevivieron y evolucionaron, y el mecanismo de la selección sexual para explicar su reproducción. De esta manera, postula que los rasgos adaptativos son repr [...] oducidos más sucesivamente que los rasgos desadaptativos. De acuerdo con esto, la selección natural debería favorecer la heterosexualidad, pues ésta facilita la reproducción y la propagación de genes. Pero ¿qué sucede con la orientación sexual que no favorece la tesis darwiniana (por ejemplo, la homosexualidad) y por qué se ha mantenido? La investigación en esta área se ha centrado en aspectos hormonales, de diferenciación cerebral y genéticos, arrojando resultados inconsistentes. Se parte de la tesis de que la orientación sexual humana, en particular la orientación homosexual, es tan compleja como para ser descrita y explicada tan solo por un modelo o una disciplina. Se hace una revisión de las diferentes áreas de investigación sobre orientación sexual y se sugiere la incapacidad de las teorías evolutivas para dar cuenta de ella. Abstract in english The Darwin's theory of evolution suggests the mechanism of natural selection in order to explain how species adapted, survived and evolved; and the mechanism of the sexual selection in order to explain its reproduction. In this way, he postulates that the adaptive characteristics are reproduced more [...] successively than the maladaptative characteristics. In agreement with this, natural selection would have to favor heterosexualidad since this facilitates the reproduction and genes propagation. But what happens with the sexual direction that does not favor the Darwinian thesis (for example the homosexual dad) and why has stayed throughout time? The investigation in this area has been centered in hormonal aspects, cerebral differentiation and genetic, throwing incoherent results. Based * on the thesis that the human sexual direction, and especially homosexual direction, is as complex as to be described and explained so single by a model or a discipline. A revision becomes of the different investigation areas on sexual direction and the incapability of the evolutionary theories to give account of this is suggested.

Franklin Giovanni, Soler.

2005-12-01

358

Evaluación de un programa de educación sexual sobre conocimientos y conductas sexuales en embarazadas / Evaluation of a sexual education program on knowledge and sexual behaviour in pregnant  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres gr [...] ávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who w [...] ere in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).

S., García González; L., Duarte González; M.C., Mejías Paneque.

359

Evaluación de un programa de educación sexual sobre conocimientos y conductas sexuales en embarazadas / Evaluation of a sexual education program on knowledge and sexual behaviour in pregnant  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos de la sexualidad en la gestación previos y posteriores a un programa formativo implementado por un grupo de gestantes en el segundo y tercer trimestre. Material y método: diseño cuasi-experimental pre-post test de un único grupo. Participaron 40 mujeres gr [...] ávidas de bajo riesgo que se encontraban en su segundo y tercer trimestre de gestación. Todas eran de raza blanca. El 85% de las gestantes comprendían una edad entre 20 y 35 años, un 60% eran primigestas. Resultados: al 60% de las mujeres del estudio les ha afectado el embarazo a su vida sexual. El trimestre que ellas creen que pueden disfrutar más del sexo, en un primer cuestionario el 62.5% contestaron que en el segundo, después de implantar el programa, el 95% dieron esa respuesta. Entre las diferentes técnicas sexuales que existen, el 87.5% la conocían en un principio, después de realizar nuestro programa el porcentaje aumentó a un 97.4%. En cuanto a los beneficios de los ejercicios de Kegel, en un primer cuestionario tan sólo el 25% sabían la respuesta correcta, mientras que más tarde aumentó a un 85% y su práctica era realizada un 12.5% antes de la intervención, y después un 40%. Discusión-Conclusión: después de aplicar nuestro programa específico se notaron algunas mejoras en el nivel de conocimientos y actitudes sexuales aunque debido probablemente a la pequeña muestra utilizada no se han encontrado resultados estadísticamente significativos salvo en una variable (práctica de Kegel). Abstract in english Objective: Evaluate the level of knowledge of sexuality in pregnancy before and after a training program implemented by a group of pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental pre-post test single group. A total of 40 pregnant women at low risk who w [...] ere in their second and third trimester were included. Regarding the ethnical group all women were white. The 85% of pregnant women included had an age between 20 and 35 years and for the 60% it was their first pregnancy. Results: 60% of women have altered her sex life. The initially believed that the most suitable month to enjoy sex live more was on the second trimester, as shown on the first questionnaire (62.5%). After implementing the program, these results increased up to the 95%. Regarding the different sexual techniques, 87.5% knew them at first, after participating in our program this percentage increased to 97.4%. In relation to the benefits of Kegel exercises, in the first questionnaire only 25% knew the correct answer, while after the program increased to 85%. Its practice increased to 12.5% before the intervention, and then a 40% of pregnant women said they knew it and practiced it. Discussion-Conclusion: after applying our specific program noted some improvements in the level of knowledge and sexual attitudes but probably due to the small sample used was not found statistically significant results except for one variable (practice Kegel).

S., García González; L., Duarte González; M.C., Mejías Paneque.

2012-10-01

360

A Study on the Effect of a Program Teaching Healthy Sexuality Values on Adolescent Sexual Awareness and Sexual Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of a program teaching healthy sexuality values on adolescent sexual awareness and sexual behavior. For this study, the present researcher, along with two other professors, developed a 4-h program on 4 different subjects, and conducted the full education program through four different 4-h…

Moon, Sang Huy

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Child Sexual Abuse and Persistence of Risky Sexual Behaviors and Negative Sexual Outcomes over Adulthood: Findings from a Birth Cohort  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To determine the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) on adult sexual behaviors and outcomes over three age periods. Methods: A longitudinal study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972/1973 was used. Information on CSA was sought at age 26, and on sexual behaviors and outcomes at ages 21, 26, and 32. Comparisons were…

van Roode, Thea; Dickson, Nigel; Herbison, Peter; Paul, Charlotte

2009-01-01

362

Sexual desire, not hypersexuality, is related to neurophysiological responses elicited by sexual images  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Modulation of sexual desires is, in some cases, necessary to avoid inappropriate or illegal sexual behavior (downregulation of sexual desire or to engage with a romantic partner (upregulation of sexual desire. Some have suggested that those who have difficulty downregulating their sexual desires be diagnosed as having a sexual “addiction”. This diagnosis is thought to be associated with sexual urges that feel out of control, high-frequency sexual behavior, consequences due to those behaviors, and poor ability to reduce those behaviors. However, such symptoms also may be better understood as a non-pathological variation of high sexual desire. Hypersexuals are thought to be relatively sexual reward sensitized, but also to have high exposure to visual sexual stimuli. Thus, the direction of neural responsivity to sexual stimuli expected was unclear. If these individuals exhibit habituation, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be diminished; if they merely have high sexual desire, their P300 amplitude to sexual stimuli should be increased. Neural responsivity to sexual stimuli in a sample of hypersexuals could differentiate these two competing explanations of symptoms. Methods: Fifty-two (13 female individuals who self-identified as having problems regulating their viewing of visual sexual stimuli viewed emotional (pleasant sexual, pleasant-non-sexual, neutral, and unpleasant photographs while electroencephalography was collected. Results: Larger P300 amplitude differences to pleasant sexual stimuli, relative to neutral stimuli, was negatively related to measures of sexual desire, but not related to measures of hypersexuality. Conclusion: Implications for understanding hypersexuality as high desire, rather than disordered, are discussed.

Vaughn R. Steele

2013-07-01

363

Sexuality Education among Latinas: Experiences, Preferences, Attitudes and Risk Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated sexuality topics discussed by parents, sources of sexuality education, sexual risk behaviors, and attitudes about who should educate children about sexuality among a sample of 204 adult Latinas. Nearly half of sexually active women (having ever had sex) reported condom use and 36.7% reported discussing sexual history with…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; King, Keith A.

2008-01-01

364

Using Social Media to Assess Conceptualizations of Sexuality  

Science.gov (United States)

There is currently no validated model explaining the variability of sexual expression. This has created a scenario where sexuality, as a construct, is purely intuitive. Sexuality educators have frequently presented the Circles of Sexuality, a model that contends that sexuality is a combination of intimacy, sensuality, sexual health/behaviors,…

Zeglin, Robert J.; Mitchell, Julie

2014-01-01

365

A Longitudinal Assessment of a Measure of Premarital Sexual Conflict.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explored findings of a sexual conflict scale given to 250 university students. Results indicate that premarital sexual conflict was negatively related to sexual satisfaction and relationship satisfaction. Likewise, premarital sexual conflict was positively related to sex guilt, sexual conservatism, pressure to engage in sexual activity, and…

Long, Edgar, C. J.; And Others

1996-01-01

366

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance, 2012: Chlamydia  

Science.gov (United States)

... a measure which assesses chlamydia screening coverage of sexually active young women who receive medical care through commercial or Medicaid managed care organizations. 5 Among sexually-active women aged 16–24 years in commercial plans, ...

367

Measuring Iranian women's sexual behaviors: Expert opinion  

Science.gov (United States)

The cultural compatibility of sexually related instruments is problematic because the contexts from which the concepts and meanings were extracted may be significantly different from related contexts in a different society. This paper describes the instruments that have been used to assess sexual behaviors, primarily in Western contexts. Then, based on the instruments’ working definition of ‘sexual behavior’ and their theoretical frameworks, we will (1) discuss the applicability or cultural compatibility of existing instruments targeting women's sexual behaviors within an Iranian context, and (2) suggest criteria for sexually related tools applicable in Iranian settings. Iranian women's sexual scripts may compromise the existing instruments’ compatibility. Suggested criteria are as follows: understanding, language of sexuality, ethics and morality. Therefore, developing a culturally comprehensive measure that can adequately examine Iranian women's sexual behaviors is needed.

Ghorashi, Zohreh; Merghati-Khoei, Effat; Yousefy, Alireza

2014-01-01

368

Focus on sexuality : a reference handbook.  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Introduces teens to various aspects of sexual development during adolescence, such as physical changes, pregnancy, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. Includes annotated lists of fiction, nonfiction, and nonprint materials, as well as hotlines and organizations related to each topic.

369

29 CFR 1604.11 - Sexual harassment.  

Science.gov (United States)

...an employer is responsible for acts of sexual harassment in the workplace where the employer (or its agents or...of non-employees, with respect to sexual harassment of employees in the workplace, where the employer (or its...

2010-07-01

370

Measuring Iranian women's sexual behaviors: Expert opinion.  

Science.gov (United States)

The cultural compatibility of sexually related instruments is problematic because the contexts from which the concepts and meanings were extracted may be significantly different from related contexts in a different society. This paper describes the instruments that have been used to assess sexual behaviors, primarily in Western contexts. Then, based on the instruments' working definition of 'sexual behavior' and their theoretical frameworks, we will (1) discuss the applicability or cultural compatibility of existing instruments targeting women's sexual behaviors within an Iranian context, and (2) suggest criteria for sexually related tools applicable in Iranian settings. Iranian women's sexual scripts may compromise the existing instruments' compatibility. Suggested criteria are as follows: understanding, language of sexuality, ethics and morality. Therefore, developing a culturally comprehensive measure that can adequately examine Iranian women's sexual behaviors is needed. PMID:25250346

Ghorashi, Zohreh; Merghati-Khoei, Effat; Yousefy, Alireza

2014-01-01

371

Sexual violence against men and boys  

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It is well known that armed conflict and sexual violence against women and girls often go hand in hand. What is less widely recognised is that armed conflict and its aftermath also bring sexual danger for men and boys.

Wynne Russell

2007-01-01

372

Emancipatory Sexuality Education and Sexual Assault Resistance: Does the Former Enhance the Latter?  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examined whether adding emancipatory sexuality education, which encourages the exploration of women's own sexual values and desires, to a sexual assault resistance program would improve women's resistance to sexual assault by known men. The participants were 214 first-year university students. A randomized experimental design…

Senn, Charlene Y.; Gee, Stephanie S.; Thake, Jennifer

2011-01-01

373

Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes of Men with Intellectual Disability Who Sexually Offend  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Various explanations of sexual offending in men with intellectual disability (ID) have stressed sexual deviance and a lack of developmental socio-sexual knowledge. Method: Using the normative dataset of people with ID from the development of the "Socio-Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Assessment Tool--Revised" (SSKAAT-R: Griffiths &…

Lunsky, Yona; Frijters, Jan; Griffiths, Dorothy M.; Watson, Shelley L.; Williston, Stephanie

2007-01-01

374

A Model Linking Diverse Women's Child Sexual Abuse History with Sexual Risk Taking  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of our study was to examine the role that child sexual abuse may play in body surveillance and sexual risk behaviors among undergraduate women. First, a measured variable path analysis was conducted, which assessed the relations among a history of child sexual abuse, body surveillance, and sexual risk behaviors. Furthermore, body…

Watson, Laurel B.; Matheny, Kenneth B.; Gagne, Phill; Brack, Greg; Ancis, Julie R.

2013-01-01

375

SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN AN ADULT FEMALE WITH OBSESSIVE SEXUAL THOUGHTS: A CASE REPORT  

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We report a case of an adult married Muslim female from an orthodox background having sexual obsessions about males other than her husband and her 7 year-old son. She developed diminished sexual desire to have sex with her husband as a result of her obsessions. The role of sexual obsessions in sexual dysfunction in females is discussed.

Awana, Sunil; Jena, Shivananda

2002-01-01

376

Sexual Dysfunctions: Relationship to Childhood Sexual Abuse and Early Family Experiences in a Nonclinical Sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated 202 female university students for early familial experience and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in relation to adult sexual disorders: (1) victims of multiple CSA more frequently reported sexual desire disorders; and (2) single-incident victims and nonvictims reported no significantly different rates of sexual dysfunction.…

Kinzl, Johann F.; And Others

1995-01-01

377

Sexuality Education Beliefs among Sexually Experienced Youth: Differences by Gender and Birth Control Use  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To examine whether gender and birth control use are associated with premarital sexual attitudes, beliefs about peers, family communication about sexual relationships, and sexuality education among sexually experienced youth. Methods: Data were collected from a randomly selected ethnically diverse youth sample (N = 1,253). Only the…

Tolma, Eleni L.; Vesely, Sara K.; Oman, Roy F.; Aspy, Cheryl B.; Rodine, Sharon

2006-01-01

378

Sexual reproduction in Hawaiian Acropora  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual reproductive maturity was evaluated in Acropora valida, Acropora cytherea and Acropora humilis at French Frigate Shoals, Northwest Hawaiian Islands during two consecutive summers. Acropora valida gonads matured at different rates in different habitats in both years. Spawning was inferred by the sudden disappearance of gonads of mature size. Histological sections of fertile polyps confirmed the maturity of gonads prior to spawning. An isolated colony of A. humilis spawned in early summer. Strong indications of sexually mature colonics of A. cytherea exist, but clear temporal patterns were not apparent. Lunar period of spawning in reef flat A. valida and A. humilis differed from that reported for these species from other regions. The three species did not overlap in time of spawning. Previous ideas concerning the allochthonous origin of larval recruits, as well as the absence of Acropora from high islands of the Hawaiian chain, are re-evaluated in light of new evidence for sexual reproductive capacity by native populations.

Kenyon, Jean C.

1992-04-01

379

Ethics and Business Strategy: Sexual Orientation in IKEA  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The company is the dynamic outcome of economic and social forces that influence each other; this idea requires to dedicate effort and attention to managing relational dynamics among its components. This study aims to investigate how protecting the worker also in his sexual orientation may positively influence the economic results of the whole business. The sampling technique used proves to be representative of the conclusions obtained. The survey will be developed trying to understand how thi...

Schirone, Dario A.; Germano Torkan

2012-01-01

380

Sexuality and sickle cell anemia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease, the most common hereditary blood disease in the world, is the result of an atypical hemoglobin called S (Hb S) which, when homozygous (Hb SS) is the cause of sickle cell anemia. Changes of puberty, correlated with a delayed growth spurt, begin late in both male and f [...] emale sickle cell anemia individuals with repercussions on sexuality and reproduction. The objectives of this exploratory and descriptive study were to characterize the development of sexuality in adults with sickle cell anemia by investigating the patient's perception of their sex life, as well as the information they had and needed on this subject. METHODS: Twenty male and female sickle cell anemia patients treated at the Hemocentro Regional de Uberaba (UFTM) with ages between 19 and 47 years old were enrolled. A socioeconomic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview on sexuality, reproduction and genetic counseling were applied. RESULTS: This study shows that the sickle cell anemia patients lacked information on sexuality especially about the risks of pregnancy and the possible inheritance of the disease by their children. Moreover, the sexual life of the patients was impaired due to pain as well as discrimination and negative feelings experienced in close relationships. CONCLUSION: The health care of sickle cell anemia patients should take into account not only the clinical aspects of the disease, but also psychosocial aspects by providing counseling on sexuality, reproduction and genetics, in order to give this population the possibility of a better quality of life.

Viviane de Almeida, Côbo; Cibele Alves, Chapadeiro; João Batista, Ribeiro; Helio, Moraes-Souza; Paulo Roberto Juliano, Martins.

 
 
 
 
381

Postpartum female sexual function : a review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although many women experience sexual problems in the postpartum period, research in this subject is under-explored. Embarrassment and preoccupation with the newborn are some of the reasons why many women do not seek help. Furthermore, there is a lack of professional awareness and expertise and recognition that a prerequisite in the definition of sexual dysfunction is that it must cause distress to the individual (not her partner). Sexual dysfunction is classified as disorders of sexual desir...

Abdool, Zeelha; Thakar, Ranee; Sultan, Abdul H.

2009-01-01

382

Pharmacotherapy of Sexual Dysfunctions : Current Status  

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The sexual dysfunctions are one of the most prevalent conditions. Sexual dysfunctions can have profound effect on the psychological well-being of an individual and the psychosexual relationship of a couple. Management of the sexual dysfunction should be preceded by an accurate diagnosis reached after a complete medical and sexual history and physical examination. Current focus of researchers has been on understanding the pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and other...

Avasthi, Ajith; Biswas, Parthasarathy

2004-01-01

383

Sexually transmitted diseases in children in India  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in children are not uncommon in India, though systematic epidemiological studies to determine the exact prevalence are not available. STDs in children can be acquired via sexual route or, uncommonly, via non-sexual route such as accidental inoculation by a diseased individual. Neonatal infections are almost always acquired intrauterine or during delivery. Voluntary indulgence in sexual activity is also an important factor in acquisition of STDs in childhoo...

Dhawan Jyoti; Gupta Somesh; Kumar Bhushan

2010-01-01

384

The evolutionary outcome of sexual conflict  

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Inter-locus sexual conflict occurs by definition when there is sexually antagonistic selection on a trait so that the optimal trait value differs between the sexes. As a result, there is selection on each sex to manipulate the trait towards its own optimum and resist such manipulation by the other sex. Sexual conflict often leads additionally to the evolution of harmful behaviour and to self-reinforcing and even perpetual sexually antagonistic coevolution. In an attempt to understand the dete...

Lessells, C. M.

2006-01-01

385

PERCEIVED RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG RURAL YOUTH  

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Young people learn more about sexual and reproductive health from uninformed sources and in our Indian culture, talking about sex and related issues are considered as taboo. Consequently, little information is provided to adolescents and youth about sexual health which resulted in risky sexual behaviour. In India, one-half of all young women are observed to be sexually active by the time they are 18 years. With the advent of mass media, internet, mobile phone and electronic communication gadg...

Thomas William, A.; Gunesekaran, S.; Sekar, I.

2013-01-01

386

Female sexual function in urological practice  

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In this thesis we describe in chapter two the evaluation of female sexual function in an outpatient urologic clinic related to different urological complaints. Sexual abuse appeared to be a quite frequent problem in urological practice. In chapter three sexual abused patients are evaluated in relation to their pelvic floor complaints in order to estimate which patients are prone to have a history of sexual abuse. Chapter four reports an evaluation of a self-administered questionnaire vers...

Elzevier, Hendrik Willem

2008-01-01

387

Sexual harassment in a male dominated workplace  

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In 2000 workplace harassment was studied in the Dutch police force. In 2006 a similar study was conducted in the police force and also in the Dutch army. These studies provide insight into the relation between male dominance and sexual harassment, into the association between sexual harassment and health, and into the impact of policies against sexual harassment. It is shown that women who work in a predominantly male environment, are at risk of sexual harassment. This is mediated by the pres...

Haas, Stans

2009-01-01

388

The sexual sequelae of testicular cancer.  

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Malignant tumours of the thestis are mainly found in the third and fourth decade of life, a period in wich most men are highly sexually active. Although post-treatment sexual funtioning is a very relevant aspect of the quality of life, only a very small amount of information is available about the sexual sequelae of the current therapies for testicular cancer. In this thesis, the impact of the different treatment modalities on organ systems important for normal sexual functioning was studied....

Basten, Johannes Paulus Arnoldus

1999-01-01

389

Meanings of sexual intercourse for Italian adolescents  

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The goal of the present study was to investigate meanings of sexual intercourse in adolescence, and the relationships between meanings, gender, age, and sexual behaviors. Subjects were 201 Italian adolescents (107 boys and 94 girls), aged 14e19 (M¼ 17.44, SD ¼ 1.65). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires on meanings of sex, sexual activity and other risk behaviors. Using confirmatory factor analyses and ANOVAs, we found: (1) four dimensions of meanings of sexual ...

Ciairano, Silvia

2009-01-01

390

Terapia sexual y normalización: significados del malestar sexual en mujeres y hombres diagnosticados con disfunción sexual Sexual therapy and normalization: meanings of sexual discontent in women and men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En los últimos veinticinco años, instituciones y profesionales interesados en brindar terapia sexual se han establecido en las áreas urbanas de México. El tratamiento de las disfunciones sexuales es tanto farmacéutico como conductual. Estudios sociohistóricos han señalado las particularidades y limitaciones de las aproximaciones biomédicas a los malestares sexuales. En este estudio presentamos una serie de reflexiones en torno a la noción de disfunción sexual y los presupuestos bioconductuales que sostienen su tratamiento en terapia sexual. El objetivo del estudio fue comprender los significados del malestar sexual en un grupo abierto y mixto de terapia sexual, que se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de México en sesiones semanales de dos horas. Aunque se realizaron observaciones de las sesiones durante un año, para un análisis detallado se seleccionaron veinte de ellas. En esas sesiones participaron intermitentemente tres mujeres terapeutas sexuales, y quince mujeres y diez hombres diagnosticados con algún tipo de disfunción sexual. Un análisis cualitativo de los diálogos demostró que los significados de malestar sexual están fuertemente ligados al establecimiento de un modelo ideal de normalidad sexual. Este modelo se refiere a un estándar de desempeño sexual al cual las personas debían adaptarse con el objetivo de cumplir con los estándares de normalidad. El género es un elemento constitutivo de dicho modelo, inequidades y relaciones significantes de poder son reguladas, reproducidas y reafirmadas a través del modelo que sostiene la terapia sexual.In the last 25 years, professionals and institutions who are interested in spreading sexual therapy have become firmly established in urban areas of Mexico. The treatment of sexual dysfunctions includes both pharmaceutical treatment and sexual training. Sociohistorical studies have indicated the particularities and limitations of biomedical approaches to sexual difficulties. In this paper, we present some reflections around the concept of sexual dysfunction and the bio-behavioral procedures that support their treatment in sexual therapy. This paper intends to understand the meanings of sexual discontent in a group of sexual therapy that took place in Mexico City. The group, defined as open and mixed, had a two-hour session once a week. Although we carried out non-participant observation for a one year period, we selected 20 sessions for a final analysis. Three sexual therapists, 15 female and 10 male patients participated in the sessions selected for the analysis. Qualitative analysis of dialogues carried out in sexual therapy group demonstrated that in sexual therapy the meanings of sexual discontent are closely linked to an ideal model of sexual normality. This model refers to a standard of sexual performance to which people should adapt in order to comply with normality standards. Gender is constitutive of said model supported by sexual therapy, and thus inequalities and significant power relations are regulated, reproduced and reaffirmed through it.

Eva Alcántara Zavala

2009-01-01

391

Sexual Deviancy: Diagnostic and Neurobiological Considerations  

Science.gov (United States)

Individuals who engage in sexual offenses may be afflicted with a paraphilic disorder or sexual deviation syndrome. Paraphilias are psychiatric disorders characterized by deviant and culturally non-sanctioned sexual fantasies, thoughts, and/or behaviors. A proportion of these individuals may also suffer from symptoms of mental illness that can go…

Saleh, Fabian M.; Berlin, Fred S.

2003-01-01

392

Sexual Assault Awareness Handbook. Knowledge is Power.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this handbook, created as a component of a sexual assault awareness program at Millikin University, is to provide information needed to assist victims of sexual assault. Information is included on several aspects of sexual assault, as well as references and websites available for additional information. Topics covered include:…

Picard, Emily

393

Teens, Sexuality and Sex: Our Mixed Messages.  

Science.gov (United States)

Defines sexuality, describes the process of informal sexual learning as children acquire meanings and values from their social environment (e.g., parents, mass media, and people around them), and discusses the consequences for teenagers of adults' unwillingness to communicate openly and honestly with them about sexual issues. (MBR)

Roberts, Elizabeth

1983-01-01

394

Educating for Character in the Sexual Domain  

Science.gov (United States)

Changes in American sexual behavior brought about by the sexual revolution have been linked to the breakdown of the family and other social ills. Because sex has profound consequences for self, others, and society, sex education is an important part of character education. Sexual abstinence before marriage is associated with better physical and…

Lickona, Thomas

2013-01-01

395

Sexual Harassment: A Problem Shielded by Silence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Offers an overview of complex issue of sexual harassment. Outlines definitions, prevalence data, cultural context, barriers to reporting these experiences to appropriate resources, and effects of sexual harassment on victims. Concludes educators must seek out opportunities to raise awareness of sexual harassment and prevent its occurrence.…

Hotelling, Kathy

1991-01-01

396

Sexual Harassment: A New Issue for Institutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses sexual harassment on college campuses. Defines sexual harassment, noting that it covers a wide range of behaviors. Describes studies of prevalence of sexual harassment on college campuses. Discusses misconceptions and myths and what institutions can do to eliminate harassment and its effects. (ABL)

Sandler, Bernice R.

1990-01-01

397

Sensual Sexuality Education with Young Parenting Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Comprehensive sexuality education curricula that incorporate sex positive and integrated approaches go beyond a presentation of facts and strategies for prevention to emphasize the promotion of sexual subjectivity and wellbeing. A pilot sensual sexuality education program was planned, implemented and informally evaluated with young parenting women…

Gubrium, Aline C.; Shafer, Miriam B.

2014-01-01

398

Types of Empathy and Adolescent Sexual Offenders  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine general empathy, general victim empathy and own victim empathy in adolescent sexual offenders. Sixteen adolescent sexual offenders completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Personal Reaction Inventory, a "general sexual abuse victim" form of the Victim Empathy Distortions Scale (VEDS) and an…

Varker, Tracey; Devilly, Grant J.

2007-01-01

399

Medical Advances in Child Sexual Abuse  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume is the first of a two-part special issue detailing state of the art practice in medical issues around child sexual abuse. The six articles in this issue explore methods for medical history evaluation, the rationale for when sexual examinations should take place, specific hymenal findings that suggest a child has been sexually abused,…

Alexander, Randell A.

2011-01-01

400

Sexual Plant Reproduction. Agricultural Lesson Plans.  

Science.gov (United States)

These lesson plans are intended for use in conducting classes on sexual plant reproduction. Presented first are an attention step/problem statement and a series of questions and answers designed to convey general information about sexual plant reproduction/propagation. The following topics are among those discussed: sexual and asexual plant…

Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.

 
 
 
 
401

Human Sexuality Instruction in Counselor Education Curricula.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire assessing curricula on sexual counseling was sent to chairpersons of all counselor education programs in the United States. Results showed the current status of sexuality instruction for counselors, including comparative data on discrete and integrated courses in sexuality, and topics and skills covered each kind of…

Gray, Lizbeth A.; And Others

1989-01-01

402

Trends in Attitudes toward Premarital Sexual Relations.  

Science.gov (United States)

The approval of premarital sexual relations has increased and the differences between various groups in their approval of premarital sexual permissiveness have narrowed. The theoretical framework of premarital sexual permissiveness in view of declining influences of social class, sex, and race needs to be reformulated. (Author)

Singh, B. K.

1980-01-01

403

Crossing the Line: Sexual Harassment at School  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual harassment has long been an unfortunate part of the climate in middle and high schools in the United States. Often considered a kind of bullying, sexual harassment by definition involves sex and gender and therefore warrants separate attention. The legal definition of sexual harassment also differentiates it from bullying. Based on a…

Hill, Catherine; Kearl, Holly

2011-01-01

404

Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…

Quincy, Michael L.

2009-01-01

405

[Sexuality and medicine: the 20th-century sexual revolution].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses the role of medicine, ranging from the normative and technological control of women's sexuality ad reproductive process (childbirth, breastfeeding, contraception, and treatment of infertility) through the construction of a new (biological and social) reproductive model, based on a radical change of identities, relations, and forms of union between the sexes (a break with the traditional concept of marriage, growth of open unions, serial monogamy, etc.). This model is sustained by a radical distinction between sexuality and reproduction, related to a unique and horizontal model of sexuality (in opposition to the hierarchical 19th-century two-sexes model); the new model focuses mainly on pleasure and moves progressively away from social ties and affection. In addition to the contribution of medicine (notably through assisted reproduction) and sexology (universalization of the orgasm imperative), the paper also discusses the contribution of epidemiology (through AIDS-related research) to the transformation of a moral sexual norm into an abstract and merely statistical standard PMID:12973545

Loyola, Maria Andréa

2003-01-01

406

A interdisciplinaridade na violência sexual / The interdisciplinarity in sexual violence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a inquirição da vítima de violência sexual como afronta aos direitos humanos da criança, na medida em que busca a obtenção da prova em detrimento da proteção da vítima. Aponta a ação interdisciplinar como indispensável ao trabalho envolvendo violência sexual praticada contra a crianç [...] a, dando ênfase à perícia realizada por profissionais de diversas áreas (Serviço Social, Psicologia, Pedagogia, Pediatra) como instrumento capaz de produzir a prova e de garantir a dignidade e o respeito à vítima. Abstract in english The article is about the inquiry of the victim of sexual violence as an affront to children's human rights, because it searches to get evidence at the loss of the victim's protection. It points out that the interdisciplinary action is essential to the work involving the sexual violence against child [...] ren, and it emphasizes the examination accomplished by professionals from different areas (Social Work, Psychology, Education, Pediatrics) as a way to produce evidence and to guarantee the victim's dignity and respect.

Maria Regina Fay de, Azambuja.

2013-09-01

407

A interdisciplinaridade na violência sexual / The interdisciplinarity in sexual violence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo aborda a inquirição da vítima de violência sexual como afronta aos direitos humanos da criança, na medida em que busca a obtenção da prova em detrimento da proteção da vítima. Aponta a ação interdisciplinar como indispensável ao trabalho envolvendo violência sexual praticada contra a crianç [...] a, dando ênfase à perícia realizada por profissionais de diversas áreas (Serviço Social, Psicologia, Pedagogia, Pediatra) como instrumento capaz de produzir a prova e de garantir a dignidade e o respeito à vítima. Abstract in english The article is about the inquiry of the victim of sexual violence as an affront to children's human rights, because it searches to get evidence at the loss of the victim's protection. It points out that the interdisciplinary action is essential to the work involving the sexual violence against child [...] ren, and it emphasizes the examination accomplished by professionals from different areas (Social Work, Psychology, Education, Pediatrics) as a way to produce evidence and to guarantee the victim's dignity and respect.

Maria Regina Fay de, Azambuja.

408

A sexual rights approach to addressing gender-based sexual violence among male prisoners in Malawi  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Sexual violence and abuse in prison are largely ignored in Malawi. There has been some advocacy focusing on HIV and AIDS in prisons, and discussions about providing condoms to prisoners, but the issue of sexual violence has for the most part been ignored. However difficult or controversial the issue [...] of sexuality in prison might be, the government has a duty to protect prisoners from sexual violence. It is illusory to think that sexual violence in prisons may be controlled merely by repressing sexual activity. This article suggests that the best way to respond to sexual violence in prison is to follow the expert counsel of the Technical Consultation on Sexual Health convened by the World Health Organisation and World Association of Sexology in 2002. The Consultation suggested that to achieve sexual health, sexuality and sexual relationships should be approached positively and respectfully. Further, the sexual rights of every person must be protected. Sexual rights are already recognised in national laws and policies, international human rights instruments and consensus documents. They include the right of persons to be free from coercion, discrimination and violence in their sexual relationships. Malawi has a panoply of laws and policies designed to advance sexual health and curb gender-based violence, including the Gender Equality Act, the National Policy on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and sexual offences legislation. In order to end sexual violence and abuse in prisons, these laws and policies must be applied to and implemented in prison. Moreover, these laws and policies must reflect a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, including those among prisoners.

Godfrey D, Kangaude.

409

A sexual rights approach to addressing gender-based sexual violence among male prisoners in Malawi  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Sexual violence and abuse in prison are largely ignored in Malawi. There has been some advocacy focusing on HIV and AIDS in prisons, and discussions about providing condoms to prisoners, but the issue of sexual violence has for the most part been ignored. However difficult or controversial the issue [...] of sexuality in prison might be, the government has a duty to protect prisoners from sexual violence. It is illusory to think that sexual violence in prisons may be controlled merely by repressing sexual activity. This article suggests that the best way to respond to sexual violence in prison is to follow the expert counsel of the Technical Consultation on Sexual Health convened by the World Health Organisation and World Association of Sexology in 2002. The Consultation suggested that to achieve sexual health, sexuality and sexual relationships should be approached positively and respectfully. Further, the sexual rights of every person must be protected. Sexual rights are already recognised in national laws and policies, international human rights instruments and consensus documents. They include the right of persons to be free from coercion, discrimination and violence in their sexual relationships. Malawi has a panoply of laws and policies designed to advance sexual health and curb gender-based violence, including the Gender Equality Act, the National Policy on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and sexual offences legislation. In order to end sexual violence and abuse in prisons, these laws and policies must be applied to and implemented in prison. Moreover, these laws and policies must reflect a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, including those among prisoners.

Godfrey D, Kangaude.

2014-01-01

410

Differences in Automatic Thoughts Presented During Sexual Activity Between Sexually Functional and Dysfunctional Men and Women  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract The study is aimed at investigating the differences between individuals with and without sexual dysfunction on the automatic thoughts content (reported as usually presented) during sexual activity. A total of 491 individuals (163 women and 232 men without sexual problems and 47 women and 49 men with a DSM-IV diagnosis of sexual dysfunction) answered the Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ; Nobre and Pinto-Gouveia (J Sex Res 40:368–382, 2003). Results indicated that men and women with ...

Nobre, Pedro; Pinto-gouveia, Jose?

2008-01-01

411

Effects of Sexual Expectancies on Early Sexualized Behavior Among Urban Minority Youth  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examines the effects of different types of sexual expectancies on early sexual behavior among racial/ethnic minority young adolescents. African American and Latino participants between 11 and 13 years old were recruited through schools and community-based agencies in the South Bronx, New York (N = 223). Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict early sexual behavior outcomes, which include engagement in sexual possibility situations, kissing, and sexual touching. T...

Holloway, Ian W.; Traube, Dorian E.; Schrager, Sheree M.; Levine, Brooklyn; Alicea, Stacey; Watson, Janet L.; Miranda, Ana; Mckay, Mary M.

2012-01-01

412

Scaling sexual behavior or “sexual risk propensity” among men at risk for HIV in Kisumu, Kenya  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a scale to measure sexual risk behavior or “sexual risk propensity” to evaluate risk compensation among men engaged in a randomized clinical trial of male circumcision. This statistical approach can be used to represent each respondent's level of sexual risk behavior as the sum of his responses on multiple dichotomous and rating scale (i.e. ordinal) items. This summary “score” can be used to summarize information on many sexual behaviors or to evaluate changes in sexual beh...

Cl, Mattson; D, Campbell; G, Karabatsos; K, Agot; Jo, Ndinya-achola; S, Moses; Rc, Bailey

2010-01-01

413

Substance Use, Childhood Sexual Abuse and Sexual Risk Behavior among Women in Methadone Treatment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Substance use and a history of childhood sexual abuse have both been identified as risk factors for unprotected sex among women, yet questions remain as to how their combined influence may differentially affect sexual risk behavior. In the current study a Generalized Linear Mixed Model was used to examine the interaction effect between current cocaine and opioid use and a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on number of unprotected sexual occasions (USO) in a sample of 214 sexually active...

Cohen, Lisa R.; Tross, Susan; Pavlicova, Martina; Hu, Mei-chen; Campbell, Aimee N.; Nunes, Edward V.

2009-01-01

414

Disfunción sexual masculina y estrés / Male sexual dysfunction and stress  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La sexualidad constituye una construcción psicológica de la personalidad como resultado de la interacción de factores orgánicos, características congénitas, circunstancias ambientales y fenómenos sociales en los cuales el individuo se desenvuelve, por lo que hay que abordarla con un enfoque multidis [...] ciplinario, sistémico y holístico. Se realizó este trabajo en el Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" donde funciona una consulta multidisciplinaria que atiende todo paciente que considere presentar algún tipo de disfunción sexual. El Departamento de Investigaciones Especiales recibe de dicha consulta estos pacientes para realizarles estudios psicofisiológicos y fisiológicos. De los casos estudiados se seleccionaron 60 sujetos con disfunción sexual predominantemente psicógeno con el objetivo de determinar indicadores de estrés, que pudieran estar relacionados con la disfunción sexual actual: ansiedad como estado y rasgo, vulnerabilidad al estrés, riesgo a enfermar y temperamento. Dentro de los resultados obtenidos existió un predominio de la tendencia al neuroticismo, los temperamentos melancólico y flemático, la vulnerabilidad al estrés y el alto riesgo a enfermar. Abstract in english Sexuality is a psychological construction of the personality resulting from the interaction of organic, factors, congenital characteristics, environmental circunstances and social phenomena, in which the individual develops himself. That's why it has to be dealt with through a multidisciplinary, sys [...] temic and holistic approach. This paper was made at Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Hospital, where there is a multidisciplinary office that gives attention to all those patients that think they have some type of sexual dysfucntion. These patients are referred to the The Department of Special Research (DSR) to undergo psychophysiological and physiological studies. Of the studied cases, 60 predominantly psychogenic subjects with sexual dysfucntion were selected aimed at determining stress indicators that may be related to sexual dysfunction, such as: anxiety state and trait anxiety, vulnerability to stress, risk for falling ill and temperament. Among the results, it was observed a predominance of a trend towards nueroticism, the melancholic and phlegmatic temperaments, the vulnerability to stress and the high risk for getting sick.

Eulalia, García Gutiérrez; Laura, Aldana Vilas; Gilda, Lima Mompó; Ma. del Rosario, Espinosa Riverón; Caridad, Castillo Castillo; Vladimir, Felinciano Álvarez.

415

Salud sexual y envejecimiento / Sexual health and aging  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El proceso de cambio de la población es continuo y permanente, en otras épocas la evolución de la estructura de la población era lento, pero en la actualidad se han producido movimientos muy rápidos debido al efecto acelerado del descenso de la fecundidad y el aumento de la esperanza de vida, que ha [...] ce que muchos países, como es el caso de Cuba, muestren una población con un importante peso en los mayores de 60 años. En 1994 quedó plasmada por los organismos internacionales y aceptada por los países una nueva concepción sobre la salud reproductiva, la cual unida a la evolución de la población llama a nuevas consideraciones sobre las percepciones y comportamientos de la sexualidad en el adulto mayor. Es preciso valorar de manera consecuente en este grupo las formas de sentir y actuar y las consecuencias sobre su salud sexual, aspectos que adquieren una gran significación en la actualidad. El presente trabajo brinda algunos elementos sobre la salud sexual en las personas de 60 años y más, lo que permite reflexionar sobre su comportamiento sexual y contribuir a que haya una adecuada valoración sobre estos aspectos vitales en las personas de este grupo de edad. Abstract in english The process of changes in the population is continuos and permanent. In previous times, the evolution of the populational structure was slow, but at present, very fast movements have occured as a result of the accelerated impact of decreased fertility and increased life expectancy, which has given r [...] ise to an important population section over 60 years of age existing in many countries like Cuba. In 1994, a new concept on reproductive health took shape at international bodies and was accepted by many nations worldwide; this concept together with the population development calls for new considerations about the perceptions and behaviors of the elderly´s sexuality. Consequently, it is necessary to assess the ways of feeling and acting by this group and also their effects on sexual health, a topic of great significance at the present time. Some interesting elements on the sexual health of the people aged 60 years and over were provided; this made it possible to make reflections on the current sexual behavior of the elders and to contribute to an accurate assessment of these aspects.

Luisa, Álvarez Vázquez; Aida, Rodríguez Cabrera; Nelli, Salomón Avich.

416

La conducta sexual del carnero: Revisión / Ram's sexual behavior: Review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo recapitular la literatura disponible sobre factores que influyen en la conducta sexual del carnero. Incluye una descripción de los fundamentos endocrinos básicos, su manifestación en borregos ferales, así como una breve reseña de las conductas de cortejo y cóp [...] ula. También abarca una descripción de aquellos efectos que tanto a nivel prenatal como durante la infancia pueden afectar la vida reproductiva del animal adulto, considerando prácticas de manejo tales como la separación por sexos al momento del destete, y los problemas posteriores de homosexualidad o inadecuda conducta sexual que pueden mostrar en su madurez. Además, se revisan aspectos de dominacia y fotoperiodo, y cómo estos pueden afectar el éxito reproductivo. Se describen aspectos relacionados con la selección del compañero de monta y colección del semen. Finalmente, se documentan algunas pruebas a corral, desarrolladas con el fin de determinar cuáles son los carneros que pueden tener mayor éxito reproductivo en condiciones de campo. Abstract in english The purpose of this manuscript is to summarize the literature regarding factors influencing rams' sexual behavior. It includes a description of: the fundamental endocrine basis of sexual behavior, its manifestation in feral sheep, a brief description of ram's courting, and copulatory behaviors. It a [...] lso describes how some prenatal and childhood conditions can impact reproductive performance in mature animals, in addition to management practices, such as separation by sexes at weaning, and the later problems of homosexuality or inadequate sexual behavior that might some rams develope. Furthermore, the effects of dominance and photoperiod, and their effect in the reproductive success, together with some aspects related to mate selection are also described. Some considerations during semen collection are stated as well, and finally, several useful tests that have been developed under pen conditions to determine which rams could be successful breeders in the field are illustrated.

Agustín, Orihuela Trujillo.

2014-03-01

417

Sexuality and Chronic Kidney Disease  

Science.gov (United States)

... serious loss such as kidney disease and kidney failure. These emotions can cause loss of energy and lower interest in many activities, including sex. If a sexual problem does occur, embarrassment and guilt often follow. Fear that the problem will happen again may cause ...

418

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Suicide  

Science.gov (United States)

... 158) 5 2 Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse to Suicide and Suicidal Behavior o “…the risk of suicide becomes greater as ... attempts among junior and senior high school youth. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25, 358-372. 1011 Fergussen, D., Horwood, L. ...

419

Tobacco Use among Sexual Minorities  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter addresses tobacco use among sexual minorities. It examines research on the prevalence of tobacco use in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and discusses why tobacco use within this group continues to significantly exceed that of the general population.

Bryant, Lawrence O.; Bowman, Lorenzo

2014-01-01

420

Sexual Assault: A Statewide Problem.  

Science.gov (United States)

This manual is addressed to personnel in medical facilities, prosecutor's offices, police departments and social service agencies. It suggests a set of procedures as guidelines to provide sexual assault victims with strong support so that each one may come through the the experience a stronger person. The manual is divided into five chapters,…

Keller, Eileen, Comp.

 
 
 
 
421

Parenting and Adolescents' Sexual Initiation  

Science.gov (United States)

This study draws on social control and social learning theories to examine the role of dating-specific attitudes and practices as predictors of adolescents' sexual initiation. We include attention to the adolescent's reaction to control attempts as a further means of assessing family dynamics (i.e., frequency of dating disagreements). The study…

Longmore, Monica A.; Eng, Abbey L.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Manning, Wendy D.

2009-01-01

422

Sex and Sexuality and HIV  

Science.gov (United States)

for Veterans and the Public Sex and Sexuality and HIV: Entire Lesson Overview If you just tested positive for HIV, you may not want to think about ... you might say in response. What is 'safer sex'? We know a lot about how HIV is ...

423

Pathophysiology of diabetic sexual dysfunction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with diabetes mellitus. Vascular, neurological and hormonal alterations are involved in this complication. Many studies showed altered endothelium-dependent and neurogenic relaxations in corpus cavernosum from diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). This finding has been associated with a lack of nitric oxyde (NO) production and a significant increase in NO synthase (NOS) binding sites in penile tissues, induced by diabetes. Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) concur to diabetic vascular complications by quenching NO activity and by increasing the expression of mediators of vascular damage such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), possessing permeabilizing and neoangiogenic effects, and endothelin-1 (ET-1), with vaso-constricting and mitogenic action. Moreover, the differential gene expression for various growth factors in penile tissues may be involved in the pathophysiology of ED associated with diabetes. Neuropathy is also likely to be an important cause of diabetic ED: morphological alterations of autonomic nerve fibers in cavernosal tissue of patients with diabetic ED have been demonstrated. Finally, androgens enhance nNOS gene expression in the penile corpus cavernosum of rats, suggesting that they play a role in maintaining NOS activity. However, sexual dysfunctions in women with diabetes has received less attention in clinical research. Several studies suggest an increased prevalence of deficient vaginal lubrication, making sexual intercourse unpleasant. Sexual dysfunction is associated with lower overall quality of marital relation and more depressive symptoms in diabetic women. PMID:12834025

Morano, S

2003-01-01

424

Influence of the menopause in the sexual standard: opinion of women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study we objectify: to inquire the physiological modifications of the menopause that influence the sexual standard of the woman; to know if the frequency of the sexual activity changed the menopause after and to investigate the factors aggravations or extenuating circumstances in the sexual life during this phase. One is about a study of quanti-qualitative nature, had as scene the Center of Health Almerinda Lomanto, having as informing 16 women. The data had been collected using the form. The data had been submitted to the Technique of Analysis of Content of Bardin, of where categories and subcategorias had emerged: Changes observed in the sexual relationship after the menopause (Reduction of the libido, Incompreensão of the friend, did not have alteration, positive Change; Reasons that had favored the changes (physiological Alterations in the sexual act, menorragia Chronic headache nauseas fogacho/, Lack or psychological reduction of the pleasure, Alterations. We conclude that during the climatério and after the menopause, can occur physiological modifications that influence the standard of the sexual act, fits professional we while of health, to search to promote attitudes and behaviors that aim at the disruption of myths and taboos and the promotion of the sexual health.

Rosália Teixeira de Araújo

2007-01-01

425

Premarital sexual practices and its predictors among in-school youths of shendi town, west Gojjam zone, North Western Ethiopia  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Youth who begin early pre-marital sexual activity are more likely to be engaged in unsafe sex. Early sexual debut puts them at increased risk for acquiring or transmitting sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; and makes them highly vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy and its consequences. This study was conducted to assess premarital sexual practices and its predictors among in-school youths in North West Ethiopia. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried among 826 in school youths from December; 2011 to January; 2012 in Shendi town. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Binary and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between premarital sexual practices and selected exposure variables. Results Nearly one fifth 157 (19%) of the participants reported having had premarital sexual intercourse, of which 91 (22.7%) were males and 66 (15.5%) were females. The mean (SD) age at first sexual intercourse was 16 .48 (1.59) for males and 15.89 (1.68) for females. More than three - fourth of sexually active in-school youths engaged in premarital sexual relationship before celebrating their 18th birthday. Being greater than 20 years (AOR?=?3.67; 95% CI?=?1.98, 6.82), living with friends or relatives (AOR?=?2.47; 95% CI?=?1.46, 4.16), living alone (without parental control (AOR?=?2.51; 95% CI?=?1.38, 4.55) and watching pornographic movies (AOR?=?1.73; 95% CI?=?1.18, 2.53) were found to be significantly associated with premarital sexual practices. Conclusion A significant number of in-school youths had started premarital sexual activity that might predispose them to different sexual and reproductive health risks. Therefore, various efforts need to be initiated through school-based information, education, and behavioral change communication, interventions, such as life skills education and negotiation. PMID:24961239

2014-01-01

426

Female sexuality, regulation and resistance.  

Science.gov (United States)

India was the context for this discussion of female sexuality, rigid social norms, women's strategies for resistance, the evolution of norms from colonial India, prostitution, myths, and self-help women's activities. Sexuality is a changing set of ideas, and women have contributed to the redefinition. The biological view without consideration of the sociocultural and historical influences proscribes what is deviant and may be used to reinforce patriarchy and colonialism. Management and control of sexuality has been influenced by class, religion, caste, and ethnicity. During the colonial period, women's sexuality and treatment was challenged by the missionaries. The abolishment of "sati" as a traditional practice was used by the British to expand their rule and control over a wider regional area. Attempts were also made to regulate prostitution as means of protecting the health of the British army. The law requiring registration, examination, and commitment for treatment of prostitutes was not adhered to by the women involved. The notion of mothers as irresponsible came into being about 1900, and encouraged abandonment of traditional child- rearing ways for the Western standard of health and hygiene, and lifestyle. In Bengal, motherhood and mother qoddesses became the symbol of the liberation movement. The maternal role could be strengthened through education. The notion of mother and nationhood was supported by the women's movement in Great Britain and the US through positive eugenics ideas of quality race, which supported the ruling elite of British and Indians. Thus, the high class women were to be protected from early marriage, and encouraged to produce children fit to govern; the poor were to be protected from prostitution and overpopulation. Post colonial ideas about sexuality reflected a number of influences both from within and outside India. Health was a focus, and program targets were those who were outside the norm: women with too many children, homosexuals, and prostitutes. Protests have been made against dowry, rape, violence against women, and against specific contraceptives. Women's groups have challenged beliefs about the polluting aspect of women's sexuality, and linked sexuality with spirituality. Grassroots networks were set up in 1989 to teach self- help. PMID:12345529

Khanna, R; Price, J

1994-06-01

427

[Sexual risk factors among European young people].  

Science.gov (United States)

The sexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Europe are still rising. In order to prioritize STI prevention strategies in Europe, it is important to describe the prevalence of different sexual risk factors for STIs among European young people. We carried out a systematic review of published articles and studies performed by European institutions. A total of 21 articles and 10 studies were identified. The data shows an increase in early sexual initiation and the number of sexual partners. Young people who use condoms inconsistently ranged from 15 to 20%. The observed risk factors are: unawareness about other STIs different from HIV, being in favour of casual sex, wrongly believing that some measures are effective in avoiding HIV, not being aware of the risks from having multiple sexual partners and unawareness about the sexual transmission of HIV. The data suggests the need to improve the information addressed to youth. PMID:22015005

Calatrava, María; López-Del Burgo, Cristina; de Irala, Jokin

2012-05-01

428

Sexual minority youth victimization and social support: the intersection of sexuality, gender, race, and victimization.  

Science.gov (United States)

In comparison to heterosexual youth, sexual minority youth are more likely to experience victimization. Multiple studies have connected anti-gay prejudice and anti-gay victimization to negative outcomes. Research shows that social support may protect sexual minorities from the harmful effects of anti-gay victimization. However, rates of victimization and the negative outcomes linked to sexual identity within the sexual minority community have been relatively unexplored. Using data from three years of statewide data from heterosexual and sexual minority adolescents in grades 9-12, this study examines victimization, substance use, suicidality, and access to social support by sexuality. Results indicate that sexual minority youth are at increased risk for victimization, substance use, suicidality, and social isolation compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Results also indicate that there is very little bivariate difference within the sexual minority community. Multivariate results indicate differences among sexual minorities' experiences with victimization and substance use. PMID:22269046

Button, Deeanna M; O'Connell, Daniel J; Gealt, Roberta

2012-01-01

429

Healthy sex and sexual health: new directions for studying outcomes of sexual health.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual behavior is an important aspect of adolescent development with implications for well-being. These chapters highlight important perspectives on studying sexual health from a normative, developmental perspective, such as viewing a range of sexual behaviors as life events; considering potentially positive physical health, mental health, social health, and identity outcomes; examining both intraindividual and interindividual differences in outcomes; recognizing the romantic relationship context of sexual behavior; and understanding how sexual media may impact sexual health outcomes. We suggest new directions for studying sexual health outcomes, such as studying behaviors beyond vaginal sex and condom use, new methodologies such as latent class analysis, sophisticated longitudinal designs, and collection and analysis of dyadic data. We recommend research on populations underrepresented in sexual health research such as late adolescents who do not attend traditional universities and adolescents from ethnic/racial minorities. Finally, we consider future directions for sexuality education and prevention efforts. PMID:24962364

Lefkowitz, Eva S; Vasilenko, Sara A

2014-01-01

430

Sexual identity, partner gender, and sexual health among adolescent girls in the United States.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We examined associations between adolescent girls' sexual identity and the gender of their sexual partners, on one hand, and their reports of sexual health behaviors and reproductive health outcomes, on the other. Methods. We analyzed weighted data from pooled Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (2005 and 2007) representative of 13 US jurisdictions, focusing on sexually experienced girls in 8th through 12th grade (weighted n?=?6879.56). We used logistic regression with hierarchical linear modeling to examine the strength of associations between reports about sexual orientation and sexual and reproductive health. Results. Sexual minority girls consistently reported riskier behaviors than did other girls. Lesbian girls' reports of risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol) and negative reproductive health outcomes (e.g., pregnancy) were similar to those of bisexual girls. Partner gender and sexual identity were similarly strong predictors of all of the sexual behaviors and reproductive health outcomes we examined. Conclusions. Many sexual minority girls, whether categorized according to sexual identity or partner gender, are vulnerable to sexual and reproductive health risks. Attention to these risks is needed to help sexual minority girls receive necessary services. PMID:25121821

Riskind, Rachel G; Tornello, Samantha L; Younger, Brendan C; Patterson, Charlotte J

2014-10-01

431

Effect of mass media and Internet on sexual behavior of undergraduates in Osogbo metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction The influence of media portrayals of sexual attitudes and normative expectations of young people at a critical developmental stage is of public health concern. Objectives To examine the role of mass media and Internet utilization in shaping the sexual health attitudes and behaviors of young undergraduates in Osogbo metropolis, Osun State, Nigeria. Materials and methods In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 400 undergraduates were selected using a multistage random sampling technique. Four hundred and fifty pretested, semistructured questionnaires were distributed; of these, 400 were returned properly filled. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 16. Results Mean age of respondents ± standard deviation was 23.6±2.99 years. Most were aware of the various forms of mass media (>95%). Most (64.0%) respondents spent 1–5 hours watching television, daily, and most used the Internet often. About 38.3% and 24.2% of respondents used the Internet and radio/television, respectively, as sources of information on sexual issues. Most respondents used the Internet for school assignments (83.0%, n=332), electronic mail (89.0%, n=356), and for accessing sexually explicit materials (74.5%, n=298). Most of the respondents (73.5%) opined that the Internet has a bad influence on youths’ sexual behavior, although accessing the Internet for sexual material or movies was acceptable to 25.3% of them. Of the 226 respondents who had ever had sex, 226 (100%), 37 (16.4%), 31 (13.7%), and 10 (4.4%) practiced coitus, oral sex, masturbation, and anal sex, respectively; 122 (54.0%) always used condoms, whereas 90 (40.0%) never used condoms during sexual activity; 33 (14.6%) had had sex with commercial sex workers. Further analysis showed that those who were yet to marry (single) were less likely to be sexually experienced than those who were married (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =0.075, 95% confidence interval [CI] =0.008–0.679), and those who said accessing the Internet for sexual material is not acceptable to them were also less likely to be sexually experienced than those to whom it was acceptable (AOR =0.043, 95% CI =0.016–0.122). Predictors of having multiple sexual partners include the sex of the respondent and the frequency of Internet use, with females (AOR =0.308, 95% CI =0.113–0.843) and those who rarely use the Internet less likely to have multiple sexual partners. Conclusion We conclude that uncontrolled exposure to mass media and Internet could negatively influence the sexual patterns and behavior of youths. PMID:24729737

Asekun-Olarinmoye, Olusesan S; Asekun-Olarinmoye, Esther O; Adebimpe, Wasiu O; Omisore, Akin G

2014-01-01

432

Comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual Sexual behavior and biodemographic factors associated with sexually transmitted infections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analizar el comportamiento sexual y factores biodemográficos asociados a infecciones de transmisión sexual. MÉTODOS: estudio caso-control, realizado en el Hospital San José de Coronel Chile, en el año 2007. En una muestra de 100 mujeres, entre 15 y 34 años de edad, 50 usuarias con ITS y 50 sin ITS. Se aplicó un instrumento auto-administrado, para variables socioculturales y de comportamiento sexual, se aplicaron las pruebas de ÷² y ƒ fisher. RESULTADOS: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales, número de parejas sexuales, uso de preservativo y conocimientos sobre el carácter contagioso de las ITS. Las principales infecciones fueron condilomatosis acuminada (HPV 52 % y sífilis (25 %. CONCLUSIONES: la conducta sexual de riesgo y la escasa información sobre el contagio son factores asociados a las infecciones de transmisión sexual.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the sexual behavior and biodemography factors associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs. METHODS: case-control study conducted at the San Jose de Coronel Hospital, Chile, in 2007. In a sample of 100 women between 15 and 34 years old, 50 with STIs and 50 without STIs, a self-administered instrument was applied for sociocultural and sexual behaviour variables. The ?2 and Fisher's tests were used. RESULTS: there were statistically significant differences at the age of initiating sexual relations, the number of sexual partners, the use of condom, and the knowledge about the contagious nature of STIs. Major infections were acuminated condyloma (HPV 52% and syphilis (25%. CONCLUSIONS: the risk sexual behavior and the poor information about the infection are factors associated with sexually transmitted infections.

Ruth Pérez Villegas

2008-04-01

433

Sexuality and counselling : building evidence of good practice  

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In recent years, there has been increasing effort by researchers and international health experts to agree on a definition of sexuality and sexual health. Only a few sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programmes are addressing sexuality in a comprehensive way, for example by discussing how it relates to safer sex and pleasure. This article provides definitions of sexuality and sexual health, and explains why a comprehensive approach to sexuality in research and programming is necessary.

Kwaak, A.; Ferris, K. M.; Dekker, L. H.

2010-01-01

434

Culpabilidad sexual en jóvenes: influencia de las actitudes y la experiencia sexual / Sexual guilt in youngsters: the influence of attitudes and sexual experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La culpabilidad sexual es un factor determinante de la conducta sexual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la culpabilidad sexual en una muestra de 594 jóvenes salvadoreños con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 18 años, seleccionados mediante un procedimiento no aleatorio, con el propósito d [...] e determinar la influencia que sobre la misma tienen una serie de variables sociodemográficas y de actitudes hacia la sexualidad. Los participantes contestaron el Inventario de Culpabilidad Sexual Revisado de Mosher, la Escala de Opinión Sexual, la Escala Hurlbert de Fantasías Sexuales y el Inventario de Actitudes Negativas hacia la Masturbación. Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron que la culpabilidad sexual está determinada, entre otros factores, por las actitudes hacia las fantasías sexuales, la erotofilia, las actitudes negativas hacia la masturbación y por la experiencia sexual en este orden, siendo más importantes las variables actitudinales que las sociodemográficas. Los resultados de estudios como éste sirven para analizar el papel de la culpabilidad sexual en la sexualidad humana y desarrollar futuros programas de educación sexual para adolescentes. Abstract in english Sex guilt is a determinant of sexual behavior. The goal of the present study was to analyze sex guilt in a Salvadorian sample of 594 young with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years, selected through a non-random process, in order to assess the influence of socio-demographic and sexual attitudinal variab [...] les on it. Participants filled in the Revised Mosher Guilt Inventory, the Sexual Opinion Survey, the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Fantasy, and the Negative Attitudes toward Masturbation Inventory. Results of multiple regression analysis suggested that sex guilt is determined, among other things, by attitudes towards sexual fantasy, erotophilia, negative attitudes toward masturbation, and sexual experience, in this order, being the attitudinal variables more important than the socio-demographic variables. Results of studies like this are useful to analyze the role of sex guilt in human sexuality and to develop sexual education programs for adolescents.

Juan Carlos, Sierra; Felipe, Perla; Pablo, Santos-Iglesias.

2011-01-01

435

The Effect of Comprehensive Sexual Education Program on Sexual Health Knowledge and Sexual Attitude Among College Students in Southwest China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a comprehensive sexual education program for college students in Southwest China (a) improved sexual health knowledge in reproduction, contraception, condom use, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV; (b) increased accepting attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual individuals; and (c) altered participants' attitudes toward premarital sex and monogamy. The program used diverse teaching methods, providing 6 sessions over a period of 9 weeks about sexual health knowledge and sexual attitudes to college students (age 18-26 years) in Southwest China. Sexual health knowledge and sexual attitudes of 80 comprehensive sexual education class students (education group) and 92 general mental health education class students (control group) were measured at baseline, the end of course (posttest), and 3 weeks after the end of course (follow-up). There were significant effects of the program on (a) sexual health knowledge, including reproductive health, contraception, condom use, and HIV/AIDS and (b) positive attitudes toward sexual minorities, although these changes may require further reinforcement. In contrast, the program did not alter students' attitudes about premarital sex or monogamy. The results are discussed in terms of recommendations of sex education in China and future directions for research. PMID:23417908

Chi, Xinli; Hawk, Skyler T; Winter, Sam; Meeus, Wim

2013-02-14

436